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Introduction to System Administration

Introduction to System Administration

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Published by Ali Sani
The Red Hat Enterprise Linux Introduction to System Administration contains introductory informa-
tion for new Red Hat Enterprise Linux system administrators. It does not teach you how to perform a
particular task under Red Hat Enterprise Linux; rather, it provides you with the background knowledge
that more experienced system administrators have learned over time.
The Red Hat Enterprise Linux Introduction to System Administration contains introductory informa-
tion for new Red Hat Enterprise Linux system administrators. It does not teach you how to perform a
particular task under Red Hat Enterprise Linux; rather, it provides you with the background knowledge
that more experienced system administrators have learned over time.

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Published by: Ali Sani on Jan 04, 2011
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One thing to keep in mind throughout this chapter is that computers tend to access storage in certain
ways. In fact, most storage access tends to exhibit one (or both) of the following attributes:

• Access tends to be sequential

• Access tends to be localized

Sequential access means that, if address N is accessed by the CPU, it is highly likely that address N+1
will be accessed next. This makes sense, as most programs consist of large sections of instructions
that execute — in order — one after the other.

Localized access means that, if address X is accessed, it is likely that other addresses surrounding X
will also be accessed in the future.

These attributes are crucial, because it allows smaller, faster storage to effectively buffer larger, slower
storage. This is the basis for implementing virtual memory. But before we can discuss virtual memory,
we must examine the various storage technologies currently in use.

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