Understanding the NACE Specifications

Created By BDK Engineering Industries Limited, India

WHAT ARE NACE SPECIFICATIONS?

National Association of Corrosion Engineers NACE issues a variety of standards referred to as RP’s, TM’s and MR’s. Most widely used are the H2S specifications MR0175 now known as ISO 15156 parts 1-3 MR0103

WHY THE CONCERN ABOUT H2S

H2S causes Sulfide Stress corrosion Cracking (SSC) Most metals are susceptible to SSC

WHAT IS SULFIDE STRESS CRACKING? SSC is defined as cracking of a metal under the combined action of a tensile stress and corrosion in the presence of water and H2S. . SSC is a form of hydrogen stress cracking resulting from absorption of atomic hydrogen that is produced by the sulfide corrosion reaction on the metal surface.

WHAT MAKES METALS SUSCEPTIBLE? STRENGTH CHEMICAL COMPOSITION HEAT TREATMENT MICROSTRUCTURE ENVIRONMENT H2S CONCENTRATION PRESSURE TEMPERATURE .

The manufacturer is then responsible for meeting the metallurgical requirements for the materials. .RESPONSIBILITIES It is the equipment users’ responsibility to determine if these H2S standards apply and to select the materials suitable for the intended service.

MR0175/ISO15156 “Materials for Use in H2S Containing Environments in Oil and Gas Production” Concerned about SSC and Chloride SCC Specific environmental limits Temperature Partial pressure of H2S Chloride content Uses hardness testing to determine a material’s suitability .

WHY HARDNESS TESTING? Hardness equates fairly well with the strength of a metal Easy to do Nondestructive Higher strength metals are more susceptible to SSC and Cl¯ SCC The number and location of hardness tests are not specified except for weld testing .

MR0175 MATERIALS Some materials were “grandfathered” Since MR0175. alloys have to pass testing per TM0177 MR0175 identifies acceptable alloy categories List some individual alloys Some alloys are only suitable for specific components Free machining alloys are not acceptable .

H2S GAS LIMITS FOR MR0175 .

H2S MULTIPHASE LIMITS FOR MR0175 .

ISO 15156 Applies when the partial pressure of H2S is > 0.05 psia No total pressure requirement Part 1 deals with general principles ofH2S cracking Part 2 covers carbon steels Part 3 covers corrosion resistant alloys .

MR0103 “Materials Resistant to SSC in Corrosive Petroleum Refining Environments” Only concerned about SSC No environmental limits Uses hardness testing to determine a material’s suitability Emphasizes welding controls .

05 psi pH2S in a gas phase .6 and = 20 ppm HCN and any sulfide > 0. Water pH > 7.MR0103 Defines sour environment as Water with > 50 ppm total sulfide Water pH < 4 and any sulfide.

Not acceptable for Same as MR0175 pressure parts.CAST IRONs MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-2 MR0103 Same as MR0175 Gray iron.ANSI approve its use . A395 DCI is OK if other specs like API.

CARBON STEEL SUMMARY MR0175 2003 1. weld and HAZ per para.T. ISO 15156-2 Base metal hardness of 1. 2. Rc22 max. 3.3. Most H. 2. 4.’s acceptable Verify that weld procedure produces a weld and HAZ zone of Rc22 max or use PWHT 1. < 1% Ni for L. < 1% Ni for L.A.3 or Rc if design stress is < 2/3 SMYS and PWHT performed MR0103 No base metal hardness control for P1 steels Alloy steels <10% Cr at Rc22 max WPQ per RP0472 Customer specifies which of 3 methods to use . WPQ requires microhardness testing of 3. Base metal hardness of Rc22 max.A 2. 3. 7.

NACE RP0472 Title –Methods and Controls to Prevent In-Service Environmental Cracking of Carbon Steel Weldments in Corrosive Petroleum Refining Environments. PWHT 3..248 HV max. Weld deposit 200 HBW max 2. amps. 1. Base metal chemistry controls and suitable weld procedure1. preheat. . HAZ Hardness Control – specified by customer 1.e. filler metal 2. HAZ micro-hardness testing during procedure qualification3.controls i.

ISO HARDNESS TESTING FOR WPQ .

HAZ HARDNESS CONCERN Heat of welding and subsequent rapidly cooling of HAZ can cause localized hard areas. Brinell and Rockwell testing may not be fine enough to detect hard spots Microhardness testing now emphasized .

420 & CA15 Rc22 Q & double T CA6NM & 424 Rc23 Q & double T .5 and 1.5 psia H2S max 410. 420 & CA15 Rc22 Q & double T 420 SS Rc 22 and Q & T CA6NM & 424 Rc23 Q & double T Same as MR0175 No Environmental. Limits 410.MARTENSITIC SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 pH > 3.

and meet base metal hardness Rc22 424 & CA6NM PWHT at 1075.WELDING MARTENSITIC SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 410. 420 & CA15 PWHT at 1150°F min. and meet base metal hardness 424 & CA6NM only double temper PWHT and base metal hardness Rc23 . 420 & CA15 PWHT at Same as MR0175 1150°F min.1150°For double temper and meet base metal hardness Rc23 410.

3 1. 1.AUSTENITIC 18 – 8 TYPE SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 1. 4. 5. 2. 4. 2. Base metal hardness of Rc22 max Solution anneal 0. 3.3. 5.08% C max 309 & 310 OK Weld with L grade fillers. C HAZ hardness is same as base metal. 2. 3. 4. .08% C max 309 & 310 OK HAZ must be Rc 22 max.10% max. 3. 6. WPQ of HAZ by micro hardness per 7. Base metal hardness of Rc22 max Solution anneal 0. Base metal hardness of Rc22 max Solution anneal 0.

5 psia and Cl <5000 ppm & pH = 5 N50 OK at Rc35 and15 psia H2S at 66°C . LIMITS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 15 psia H2S at 60°C and any Cl 15 psia H2S at 60°C and any Cl No limits and no S and no S If <50 ppm Cl then H2S 50 psia If <50 ppm Cl then no limits N50 OK at Rc35 and15 psia on H2S or temp H2S at 66°C with no S 316SS 93°C if H2S < 1.18 – 8 TYPE SS ENVIR.

15 psia H2S at 60°C any Max. Alloy 20 CN7M. 15 psia H2S at 60°C any at Rc35 No environmental limits Cl and no S Cl If Cl <50 ppm then 50 psia If Cl <50 ppm then no limit on max H2S H2S . Alloy 20 CN7M. Alloy 20 Solution anneal Solution anneal Solution anneal or cold worked Max.HIGH ALLOY AUSTINITIC SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 %Ni + 2(%Mo) >30 %Ni + 2(%Mo) >30 %Ni + 2(%Mo) >30 CN7M.

Annealed Solution annealed or cold work <50 ppm Cl no limits on T or P <50 ppm Cl no limits on T or P to Rc35 No limits At 171°C max H2S 15 psi max 5000 ppm max Cl limits and no S and Cl 5000 ppm max similar to MR0175 149°C max H2S is 45 psi CK3MCuN 100 Rb 121°C H2S is 100 psi CK3MCuN 100 . Annealed Sol.SUPER AUSTENITIC SS PREN > 40 MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Sol.

T.T 30-32 Used for bolting at Rc29 in 0.5 Welds meet same hardness as H1150M condition Welds meet same hardness as Welds meet same hardness asbase metal base metal base metal . double aged H.PRECIP. HARDENABLE SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Non-Pressure parts Same as MR0175 17-4 PH & 15-5 PH at Rc33 17-4 PH & 15-5 PH at Rc33 15-7 PH for snap rings if Rcdouble aged H.5 psia H2S and pH =4.

450°F Max 1.DUPLEX SS PREN < 40 MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Solution annealed No hardness limit Ferrite 35-65% Max temp.5 psia H2S Same as MR0175 Solution annealed Ferrite 35-65% Rc 28 max No P or T limits .

DUPLEX SS PREN > 40 MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 3 psia max H2S Solution annealed No hardness limit Ferrite 35-65% Same as MR0175 Same as MR0175 w/o environ. Limits Rc 32 max .

HAZ and weld per RP0472 with max 310 HV HAZ hardness < base metal cross section at 400X 35-65% ferrite No G. ppts Heat input ± 10% of PQR Intermetallic phases.WELDING DUPLEX SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 PQR.5% 30-70% ferrite .B.weld and HAZ 30-70% HAZ hardness < base metal PQR. nitrides carbides <1% Wall thickness ± 20% PQR Sigma <0.microhardness testing of ferrite WPQ requires micro of weldbase metal.

Monel 400 cold &405 Rc 35 max. Limits Solution anneal worked not Same as MR0175 Same as MR0175 but specific Monel 400 & 405 at Rc 35hardness limits for cold worked condition max Inconel 625. Hastelloy C22 Rc40 max.ALLOYS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Inconel 625 Hastelloy C types No hardness limit No Envirn. Hastelloy C276. Incoloy 800 &825.SOLID SOLUTION Ni . .

ALLOY MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 No hardness limit No hardness limit HAZ and weld must meet the base metal hardness limit .WELDING Ni .

MISCELLANEOUS ALLOYS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Ultimet Rc 22 Ti C-2 Rb 100 Ultimet Rc 22 Ti C-2 Rb 100 Ti C-12 Rb 92 Ultimet Rc33 Ti C-2 Rb100 Ti C-12 Rb 92 .

OVERLAYS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Stellite. Colmonoy and WC are Same as MR0175 OK if base metal hardness is not affected. If it is then PWHT Overlays cannot be used to protect a susceptible base material Same as MR0175 .

BOLTING Only exposed bolting is controlled Exposed Underground Wrapped in Insulation Covered by Flange Protectors Denied direct access to atmosphere .

BOLTING MR0103 B7M RC22 max B8MA Class 1 Cut threads only .

BOLTING (COUNTINUED) ISO 15156 B7M Cut threads .

SUMMARY BOTH THE USER AND MANUFACTURER NEED TO UNDERSTAND THESE SPECIFICATIONS. NOTE THAT SOME HIGHER ALLOYS HAVE THE SAME ENVIRONMENTAL LIMITS AS LOWER ALLOYS EACH OF THE THREE STANDARDS MAY HAVE DIFFERENT REQUIREMENTS FOR SAME ALLOY MOST. YOU MAY HAVE TO DEVELOP NEW WELD PROCEDURES . IF NOT ALL OFF THE SHELF ALLOYS DO NOT COMPLY WITH THESE SPECIFICATIONS.

iso.ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ISO 15156 is targeted for updating every 5 years Technical corrigenda and circulars are issued as needed in interim www.org/iso15156maintenance 5 years Sour service forum on NACE website NACE membership gives you free access to all NACE standards .

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