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From this oil well data below
Casing 13 3/8” id 12.715”, 48 lb/ft weight
Casing 9 5/8” id 8.9821”, 36 lb/ft weight
Open hole 12 ¼”
well fluid 8.6 ppg
Calculate : Volume of cement per feet, Volume of cement, Cement for 1500
ft, Sak of cement, Mix water require, Displace fluid required, Hydrostatic
pressure outside casing, Hydrostatic pressure inside casing, Buoyancy factor,
Differential pressure, Area, Push up pressure, Push down pressure, Total
push, Bump plug pressure
Target Depth 13 3/8” (48 lb/ft) casing 50 ft
Open hole 12 ¼” depth to 1510 ft
1460 ft
Tatget Depth 9 5/8” (36 lb/ft) casing 1500 ft

Calculation capacity casing 13 3/8”
Capacity casing 13 3/8” = 𝑖𝑑 2 𝑥 0.0009714
Target Depth 13 3/8” (48 lb/ft) casing 50 ft
Open hole 12 ¼” depth to 1510 ft
Capacity casing 13 3/8” = 12.252 𝑥 0.00097141460 ft
Capacity casing 13 3/8” = 0.1458 bbl/ft

Calculation capacity casing 9 5/8”
For internal use only
Tatget Depth 9 5/8” (36 lb/ft) casing 1500 ft
Capacity casing 9 5/8” = 𝑜𝑑 2 𝑥 0.0009714
Capacity casing 9 5/8” = 9.6252 𝑥 0.0009714
𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦
𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 9 5/8" = 0.0899 𝑏𝑏𝑙/𝑓𝑡
Capacity casing 9 5/8” = 𝑖𝑑 2 𝑥 0.0009714
Capacity casing 9 5/8” = 8.9212 𝑥 0.0009714
𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦
𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 9 5/8" = 0.0733 𝑏𝑏𝑙/𝑓𝑡

Calculation capacity open hole 12 ¼”
Capacity open hole 12 1/4” = 𝑜𝑑 2 𝑥 0.0009714
Capacity open hole 12 1/4” = 12.252 𝑥 0.0009714
𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦
𝑜𝑝𝑒𝑛 𝑜𝑙𝑒 = 0.1458 𝑏𝑏𝑙/𝑓𝑡

Volume of cement
𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 𝑖𝑑 13 3/8" − 𝑜𝑑 9 5/8"
𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 0.1571 − 0.0899
𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 0.0671 𝑏𝑏𝑙/𝑓𝑡

Cement for 500 ft
𝐶𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑓𝑜𝑟 500 𝑓𝑡 = 500 𝑓𝑡 𝑥 0.0671 𝑏𝑏𝑙/𝑓𝑡
𝐶𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑓𝑜𝑟 500 𝑓𝑡 = 33.55 𝑏𝑏𝑙

Cement for 1500 ft
𝐶𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑓𝑜𝑟 1500 𝑓𝑡 =
1500 − 500 𝑥 0.0559 + 20% 𝑥 𝑖𝑑 𝑂𝐻 12 1/4" − 𝑜𝑑 9 5/8" 𝐶𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑓𝑜𝑟 1500 𝑓𝑡 =
1500 − 500 𝑥 0.0559 + 20% 𝑥 12.25 − 8.921 𝐶𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑓𝑜𝑟 1500 𝑓𝑡 = 56.1 𝑏𝑏𝑙

Total cement require
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙
𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒 = 33.55 + 56.1
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙
𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒 = 89.65 𝑏𝑏𝑙

Sak of cement
𝑆𝑎𝑘
𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = (89.65 𝑏𝑏𝑙 𝑥 5.6146)/1.162 𝑓𝑡 3 /𝑠𝑎𝑘
𝑆𝑎𝑘
𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 433.1746 𝑠𝑎𝑘

Mix water
From halliburton red book for slurry without any other additive require
5.069 gal/sak, so mix water the requirement are:
𝑀𝑖𝑥
𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 = (5.069 𝑔𝑎𝑙/𝑠𝑎𝑘 𝑥 433 𝑠𝑎𝑘)/42 𝑔𝑎𝑙/𝑏𝑏𝑙
𝑀𝑖𝑥
𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 = (2194.877 𝑔𝑎𝑙)/42 𝑔𝑎𝑙/𝑏𝑏𝑙
𝑀𝑖𝑥
𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 52.259 𝑏𝑏𝑙
Excess tank estimated 10 bbl, so the water requirement are 52.259 bbl +
10 bbl = 62.259 bbl
For internal use only

Displace fluid
𝐷𝑖𝑠𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑐𝑒
= 1500 𝑓𝑡 – 40 𝑓𝑡 𝑥 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔
𝐷𝑖𝑠𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑐𝑒
= 1500 𝑓𝑡 – 40 𝑓𝑡 𝑥 0.0773 𝑏𝑏𝑙/𝑓𝑡
𝐷𝑖𝑠𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑐𝑒
= 112.858 𝑏𝑏𝑙

Hydrostatic outside casing
for slurry with density 15.8 ppg inside casing
𝐻𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐
𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 = (𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦/19.25 𝑙𝑏𝑠) 𝑥 𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡
𝐻𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐
𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 = (15.8 𝑝𝑝𝑔/19.25 𝑙𝑏𝑠) 𝑥 1500 𝑓𝑡
𝐻𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐
𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 = 1231.2 𝑝𝑠𝑖

Hydrostatic inside casing
For water with density 8.33 ppg outside casing
𝐻𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐
𝑖𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 = (𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦/0.052) 𝑥 𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡
𝐻𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐
𝑖𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 = (8.33 𝑝𝑝𝑔/0.052) 𝑥 1460 𝑓𝑡
𝐻𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐
𝑖𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 = 632.5 𝑝𝑠𝑖
for slurry with density 15.8 ppg outside casing along 40 ft are:
𝐻𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐
𝑖𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 = 0.8208 𝑥 40 𝑓𝑡
𝐻𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐
𝑖𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 = 32.8 𝑝𝑠𝑖
Total hydrostatic inside casing = 632.5 psi + 32.8 psi
= 665.3 psi

Buoyancy factor
for well fluid with density of 8.6 ppg
𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦
65.445
8.6
𝐵𝑢𝑜𝑦𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑦
𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 = 1 −
65.445
𝐵𝑢𝑜𝑦𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑦
𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 = 1 −
𝐵𝑢𝑜𝑦𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑦
𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 = 0.8686

Differential pressure
𝐷𝑖𝑓𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑎𝑙
𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑟𝑒 = 𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 – 𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐 𝑖𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒
𝐷𝑖𝑓𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑎𝑙
𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑟𝑒 = 1231.2 𝑝𝑠𝑖 − 665.3 𝑝𝑠𝑖
𝐷𝑖𝑓𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑎𝑙
𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑟𝑒 = 565.9 𝑝𝑠𝑖

Area
𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎
= 𝐼𝑑2 𝑥 0.7854
𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎
= 9.6252 𝑥 0.7854
𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎
= 72.76

Push up
𝑃𝑢𝑠
𝑢𝑝 = 𝑑𝑖𝑓𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑎𝑙 𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝑥 𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎
For internal use only 𝑃𝑢𝑠
𝑢𝑝 = 565.9 𝑥 72.76
𝑃𝑢𝑠
𝑢𝑝 = 41174.884 𝑙𝑏𝑠

Push down
𝑃𝑢𝑠
𝑑𝑜𝑤𝑛 = 𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡 𝑥 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔𝑡 𝑥 𝑏𝑜𝑢𝑦𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑦 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 𝑖𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 + ( 𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡 𝑥 0.76)
𝑃𝑢𝑠
𝑑𝑜𝑤𝑛 = 1460 𝑓𝑡 𝑥 36 𝑙𝑏/𝑓𝑡 𝑥
1−
8.6
+ 40 𝑓𝑡 𝑥 0.76
65.45
𝑃𝑢𝑠
𝑑𝑜𝑤𝑛 = 45757.6 𝑙𝑏𝑠

Total push
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙
𝑝𝑢𝑠 = 𝑝𝑢𝑠 𝑢𝑝 – 𝑝𝑢𝑠 𝑑𝑜𝑤𝑛
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙
𝑝𝑢𝑠 = 41174.884 𝑙𝑏𝑠 – 45757.6 𝑙𝑏𝑠
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙
𝑝𝑢𝑠 = −4582.716 𝑙𝑏𝑠
Negative sign tell us that the force pressure downward higher than
upward pressure, so in the cementing operation the cementing head need
no changing.

Bump plug
𝐵𝑢𝑚𝑝
𝑝𝑙𝑢𝑔 = 𝑑𝑖𝑓𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑎𝑙 𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑟𝑒 + 500 𝑝𝑠𝑖
𝐵𝑢𝑚𝑝
𝑝𝑙𝑢𝑔 = 565.9 + 500 𝑝𝑠𝑖
𝐵𝑢𝑚𝑝
𝑝𝑙𝑢𝑔 = 1065.9 𝑝𝑠𝑖
After bump plug pressure acquired, we have to know the casing brush
pressure for that grade, only to make sure that casing will not brush when
the cementing operation carry out.
After reading that cementing operation calculation we also need to know how
to calculate slurry yield within the cement laboratory, which usually base on
fluid from a future cementing location took place.
Here the laboratory calculation
Laboratory calculation
What is the density in lb/gal, slurry yield in ft3/sack, water requirement in
gal/sack, for slurry with G type cement 94 lb or 426.38 gram in a sack, bila
if the cement use as a sample are 100 gram, and water percentage as
shown on the table below ?
For internal use only
Cement
Water required
%
API class C
API class A
API class G
API class H
6.3 gal/94lb sak
5.2 gal/94lb sak
5.0 gal/94lb sak
4.3 gal/94lb sak
56
46
44
38
API cement grade table
Answer :

𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔𝑡 𝑥 𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑎𝑔𝑒
𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 100 𝑥 0.44
𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 44 𝑐𝑚3
 𝑉𝑜𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔 𝑡
3.14
𝑉𝑜𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 =
100
3.14
𝑉𝑜𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 31.85 𝑐𝑚3

𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦 = 𝑣𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 + 𝑣𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦 = 44 + 31.85
𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒
𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦 = 75.85 𝑐𝑚3
 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙
𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦 = 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔𝑡 + 𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔𝑡
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙
𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦 = 100 + 44
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙
𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦 = 144 𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚
 𝐷𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦
= 𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦/𝑣𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦
𝐷𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦
= 144𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚/75.85 𝑐𝑚3
𝐷𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦
= 1.89 𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚/𝑐𝑚3
𝐷𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦
= 1.89 𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚/𝑐𝑚3 𝑥 8.34134
𝐷𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦
= 15.76 𝑙𝑏/𝑔𝑎𝑙
𝐷𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦
= 15.8 𝑝𝑝𝑔
 𝑊𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟
𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒 𝑝𝑒𝑟 𝑠𝑎𝑐𝑘 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 𝑣𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑥 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑖𝑛 𝑠𝑎𝑐𝑘
𝑊𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟
𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒 𝑝𝑒𝑟 𝑠𝑎𝑐𝑘 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 44 𝑥 426.38
𝑊𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟
𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒 𝑝𝑒𝑟 𝑠𝑎𝑐𝑘 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 18760.72 𝑐𝑚3
𝑊𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟
𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒 𝑝𝑒𝑟 𝑠𝑎𝑐𝑘 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 18760.72 /3785.4
𝑊𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟
𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒 𝑝𝑒𝑟 𝑠𝑎𝑐𝑘 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 4.96 𝑔𝑎𝑙/𝑠𝑎𝑘
 𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦
𝑦𝑖𝑒𝑙𝑑 = 𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝑎 𝑠𝑎𝑐𝑘/𝑣𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦
𝑦𝑖𝑒𝑙𝑑 = 75.85 𝑐𝑚3 /100 𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚
𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦
𝑦𝑖𝑒𝑙𝑑 = 0.76 𝑐𝑚3 /𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚
𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦
𝑦𝑖𝑒𝑙𝑑 = 0.76 𝑐𝑚3 𝑥 1.5032
𝑠𝑙𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑦
𝑦𝑖𝑒𝑙𝑑 = 1.14 𝑓𝑡 3 /𝑠𝑎𝑘
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