BRASSTACKS

Monthly Security Review
June 2010
Volume: 1 Edition: 1

Contents
Editor’s Note Building Responses to 4th Generation Warfare Political and Security Review 18th Amendment:Revenge of Pakistani Democracy Takmeel-e-Pakistan Choosing French Submarine over German? From Indus to Oxus (Memoirs) Drone Attacks and National Sovereignty Kashmir:Paradise Turned Slaughterhouse 01 03 12 15 20 21 23 28 30

Editorial Board

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Dawn of A New Era!
Brasstacks is not just a think tank, it is a phenomenon in Pakistan. For the last 10 years, our Security Analysis and Threat Assessment Reports have been the benchmark documents for national policy makers and strategists, giving them creative, incisive and cutting edge insight into local, national and regional security dynamics. In the last two and a half years, our TV show “Brasstacks” has been graded as the most informative TV show ever in Pakistan to influence the national and regional security profile, having a fanatic fan following into millions and selling thousands of DVD's. The program was the most effective and ruthless information warfare counter attack in defense of Pakistan's geographic and ideological frontiers and has stirred and shaped the policies of both friends and foes. Now, Brasstacks is courageously venturing into the battleground of the print media and is honored to bring you the first issue of its exclusive and restricted monthly security review, providing cutting edge analysis and commentary that is so essential to understand our rapidly changing global scenario pertaining to defense and integrity of Pakistan, the region and the Muslim Ummah at large. This is a critical juncture in the history of our country, and there has never been a more important time to cover the ongoing conflicts, global policies and psy-ops currently being done against Pakistan and the Islamic world. Pakistan is the natural born leader of the Muslim world destined to be a power broker in the region. The only Muslim nuclear power, Pakistan is geographically situated at a very critical point in South Asia having strategic edge over our neighborhood, which our rivals can only dream of. This strategic edge provides a great opportunity and advantage to Pakistan to play a solid role for the defense, peace and prosperity of this critical region as well as Muslim world at large. But those advantages are blessings, not birthrights. These must be nurtured, developed and capitalized upon if future generations are going to progress and feel proud of this Paksarzameen. It's that spirit of courage, honor, hope, justice, freedom and equality that Brasstacks stands for. Islam is our ideology and Pakistan is our identity and we are dignified by both. We will continue to provide cutting edge and ground breaking analysis on the

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issues that are reshaping the contemporary world. We will also present future scenarios, provide solutions and future lines of action. This issue's cover story: an exclusive report on Fourth Generation warfare (4GW) against Pakistan by Indian and US governments. Pakistan is being subjected to the “Yugoslavia Doctrine” under the new AfPak strategy of US in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Basically, the doctrine aims at breaking up of Pakistan on ethnic lines as it happened with former Yugoslavia in last decade of 20th century. Support to a corrupt and incompetent government, fuelling of violent religious and secular insurgencies, weakening the bond between the armed forces and the people, supporting provincial autonomy, support to sub-nationalist political parties, water aggression by India against Pakistan and launching of massive psychological and disinformation warfare to create despondency, frustration and social unrest through artificial shortages of food, power, water and energy under secret IMF terms leading up to a total collapse of national morale and social fabric are the leading weapons deployed against Pakistan in this 21st century war. In the subsequent series, we shall be covering various axis of these battle lines as deployed against Pakistan. You will also get plenty of expert analysis and in-depth examination of our foreign, national and security policies, the policies of other countries directly affecting Pakistan and commentary on our government's responses in various strategic and security sectors. Pakistan's ideological bearings and exclusive extracts from analysis and lectures by Zaid Hamid would also be included. In short, InshaAllah, you will get what you have come to expect only from us at Brasstacks, and much, much more. Pakistan may be passing through historic turbulence these days but it is our faith and conviction that this land and its great people are destined to play epic roles in days to come. I hope you will be with us on the journey. Pakistan Zindabaad

Farzana Shah

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Cover Story..

Building Responses to 4GW (4th Generation warfare)
By: Farzana Shah
“The weak and the defenseless in this world invite aggression from others. The best way we can serve peace is by removing the temptation from the path of those who think we are weak and, for that reason, they can bully or attack us. That temptation can only be removed if we make ourselves so strong that nobody dare entertain any aggressive designs against us.” (Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, 1948) Keeping above statement of the founding father in view, Pakistan kept on building its defenses for decades. After 1971, these preparations got a renewed momentum. New defense industry was established to acquire self-reliance in defense but all these preparations proved inadequate in recent war against terrorism. The more security forces advance into militant strongholds in FATA, the more Pakistani urban centers become targets of terrorism. Recent violence in Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar and Quetta is the biggest example. Though overall security situation is improving, there is no logical end in sight of this complex war against terror in Pakistan. Initially, it was believed that it was only an insurgency stemmed as a renegade against state policy of allying with US in GWOT (Global War on Terror), but with the passage of time it became clear that it is not just armed insurgencies that are undermining
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Pakistan's national security but that there is direct foreign meddling - a bigger bone of contention, in almost all state affairs ranging from media to education, economics to foreign policy. From a larger perspective, the biggest challenges and threats confronting Pakistan are from within, by different terrorist outfits and insurgencies for different reasons. But at minute level, all these challenges are interconnected and through recent revelations during military operations in FATA and Swat it has become evident that almost all the major security challenges, that the state is facing today on various fronts, are strongly bonded with each other tightly. There is to be found a connection in elements of every challenge involved and this is the fundamental feature of something known as “Fourth Generation Warfare” or 4GW. Intro to 4GW(4th Generation warfare) Like said above, heterogeneous and distributed nature of current complex geo-strategic security challenges Pakistan is facing, th is a proposition of 4 generation warfare; waged by various hostile actors and “allies” in pursuit of their own greater gains in the region. Before discussing these greater gains of various regional and international players, it would be prudent to inspect

what 4 generation is all about? th In simplistic terms, 4 generation warfare is a moral and physiological conflict among many countries or communities using distributed, non-state and violent elements from within the enemy state. Creating mistrust among enemy comm unit ies an d p ro pagati ng uncertainty among enemy nations, are th amongst the many goals of any 4 generation endeavor. By gaining higher moral ground, any state can get all the political help and sympathy in an actual conflict. 4th generation warfare is very different from an actual armed conflict, as its entirely based on asymmetrical warfare and tactics, while the major front is physiological, and not physical as in a real conflict. Broadly analyzed, it can be said that national cohesion becomes a primary target of such warfare model. Importance of destroying national unity and creating mistrust becomes all the more relevant when enemy is an ideological state like Pakistan. At the tactical level, various tactics and elements are employed to get these goals- like rear area operations, means supporting armed insurgencies and terrorism on the one hand and centrifugal forces in enemy's political system, media and civil society on the other. The latter group of elements highlights (Subjectively analyses) the actions of former (terrorists) in order to launch

th

Psychological operations against enemy nation to demoralize the enemy society. Economic manipulation, whenever possible, can serve as an extra tool in this kind of warfare. Recently, Globalization has been used as a tool to manipulate the market share by more industrialized nations, which can potentially undermine economic interests of developing nations. Fragile economic conditions in enemy state have always been proved conducive in 4th generation warfare, as it makes it much easier to manipulate allegiance of masses with national fervor. Tracing 4GW in Pakistan Pakistan is facing covert security challenges from multiple hostile entities that includes states, groups, powerful lobbies, media outlets etc. Traditionally Pakistan's overt and covert defense has remained India centric. As geographically India is located in East of Pakistan so mainly focus also remained in Punjab and Sindh, the two provinces bordering India. Due to this fact it proved easier

for many criminal groups to stay out of radar for a long period of time while operating in Pakistan's Northern Province. India got opportunity to put her feet in Afghanistan and launch rare area operations against Pakistan from there. India after entering into Afghanistan started work on recruiting and training ad-hoc warriors sending them into Pakistan to fight an Indian proxy war against Pakistani state and military. Players In order to trace 4GW tactics and elements in Pakistan and their foreign supporters, studying ongoing counter insurgency operations, violent non-state actors (VNSAs) involved in these insurgencies, foreign support these elements are getting and political developments in the country are very important. Main actors of 4GW against Pakistan are paid insurgent groups in northwestern parts and in Baluchistan. These paid insurgents have been joined by the local extremists and separatist elements from those areas. Recent revelations have proved it

beyond doubt that these terrorist groups are receiving financial and tactical help from Indian consulates on Afghan soil despite the presence of US (to whom Pakistan is a major non NATO ally since last 9 years) in Afghanistan. This is where US th involvement in ongoing 4 generation offensive becomes disturbing and malicious. Till very recently, it was believed that US was just turning a blind eye to Indian activities in Afghanistan against Pakistan. But now it has become clear that US covert offensive against Pakistan is much more heinous than was envisaged earlier. Elements in US military, intelligence setup and White House have bought the idea that actual cause for Afghan resistance is Pakistan, thus the shift of US foreign policy focus to Pakistan. A whole new doctrine for Pakistan was devised under the name of AfPak, declaring Pakistan a battlefield along withAfghanistan. This absurd theory was originally sold to US administration during Bush era by Indian lobby in

TTP is prime 4th generation warfare force engaging Pakistani state and military inside Pakistani border.
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Washington, who proposed alongside possible solutions to the 'Pakistan problem.' US was quick to form an alliance with India, in hope for relief from the mess that they had created in Afghanistan, and Indian presence in Afghanistan increased resultantly. The Indians, however, had agendas to serve, independent from those of US. Pakistan did protest to US on allowing India a freehand, but perhaps the Indian lobby in Washington was too strong to undo US reliance on India on AfPak. Both India and US have their own targets in the region, and both are using their tactics accordingly on all axis. If Indian sponsored insurgents are active in FATA, US sponsored elements are sitting right in the higher echelons of government. For US, it is far easier to maneuver Pakistan's political landscape. Tactics Pakistan is confronting two th pronged 4 generation attacks both from India and US. Both countries have issues with Pakistan's foreign policy. For India, Pakistan's strong stance on Kashmir needs to be redirected. For US, Pakistan must oblige to US foreign policy strategic objective, where India has a greater role in the region to counterweight China. Overlapping and commonality in foreign policy interests, with regard to Pakistan, of both countries is unprecedented. This is the major driving force behind combined efforts to “fix” Pakistan. The only difference between both countries' approaches is tactics being employed against Pakistan. Indian tactics revolves around declaring Pakistan a non functional and terrorist state through supporting TTP from Afghanistan, and more recently, by hurting the agriculture in Pakistan, through water blockade of Pakistani rivers. Fourth generation warfare revolves around the idea of creating a complete political paralysis in enemy state or in the area of operation. Atrocities committed by the TTP in FATA and Swat are a clear proof of this
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fact. First target of TTP in both areas was political figures of the area and this awful practice created an environment of fear and hopelessness among local masses. Absence of political leadership created an atmosphere of lawlessness and chaos, giving TTP free hand to recruit, train and arm locals against state by imposing its own ideology and political views on people. Recent disclosure has made it clear that TTP is biggest ad-hoc warrior group in Pakistan serving its foreign sponsors as well as carrying out its local agenda and self-styled Islamic ideology. US covert activities in Pakistan have surfaced in media recently, clearly indicating that Pakistan and US are bound together through compulsion of circumstances. In reality, certain US nationals in Pakistan don't even bother to follow regulations implemented under the Country's laws. Not only this, same US nationals have threatened Pakistani citizens more than once. Though very disturbing for Pakistani masses but these events look smaller if one looks

at what powerful lobbies in US administration are trying to do in Pakistan on other axis of this war. AXIS OFWAR th Pakistan is facing attacks of 4 generation warfare ad-hoc warriors, supported directly by Indian RAW and indirectly by US/NATO forces in Afghanistan and local Pakistani elements. These ad-hoc warriors are just one dimension of this complex armed duel between state and these non-state actors. Other dimensions include propaganda waged against Pakistan and its nuclear program in particular, economic manipulation by US in war on terror to pressurize Pakistan and by India through its water policy in Kashmir. Geostrategic / Military Axis Establishing strategic hegemony in South Asia is primeval Indian dream. Pakistan is not only a major military rival of India but also a serious obstacle in the realization of this dream. To remove this obstacle, Indian establishment is working since

Indian ammunition recovered by Pak army in Swat further proving Indian 4GW.

the independence of 1947. India got a major breakthrough in her policy in 1971, with the secession of East Pakistan. India played a central role in this secession. Further dismemberment of remaining Pakistan into smaller states on ethnic lines, is something India is trying to do since decades. After 9/11, India found in USA a natural ally in pursuing this sinister agenda against Pakistan. With US complicity, India launched high intensity proxy war against Pakistani state in northwestern areas and FATA from Afghanistan. Indian consulates in all major towns along Pakistani border in Afghanistan are funding and supporting this insurgency since 2005. India wants to accomplish multiple s t r at e g i c g o a l s t h r o u g h t h i s insurgency; 1.To bring Pakistan to its knees by declaring it a failed state. 2.Building a case against Pakistan being a failed state with nuclear arms which can fall into “wrong” hands. 3.Once declared a failed state, Pakistan will be denuclearized by international community under various global agreements. To get Pakistan denuclearized is first step of bigger strategic Indian plan. Next phase is to invade Pakistan physically, which is not possible under a nuclear hangover right now. Denuclearization of Pakistan is a common agenda between American and Indian foreign policies for Pakistan. This is the reason why strong lobbies in US state and defense departments bought Indian plan on Pakistan to denuclearize Pakistan, after declaring it a state unable to protect its nuclear arsenal. Recent military operations by Pakistan army in FATA and Swat have thwarted first phase of this Indian game plan for now. But due to lack of governance and administrative measures in insurgency hit areas, the threat of resurrection of this insurgency is far from over. After sensing losing massive investment on its 4GW warriors in Pakistan, India launched massive

diplomatic offensive to declare Pakistan army and intelligence agencies as terrorist organizations in UNO after 26/11incident. Interestingly legal proceedings and investigations of this incident are still underway, so the hasty call by Indians reflects nothing but their frustration. Under the pretext of 26/11, Indian top military brass has made its intentions clear about peace and security in the region. Indian officials time and again have made it known that India is ready to launch a full scale intense but small war on Pakistan, if an oth er Mu mb ai s ty le at tack happened. This stance by Indian leadership is itself a threatening development for regional peace. Indian announcements of execution of Cold Start strategy is a grave concern for Pakistan's security. Giving statements like these is one aspect of Indian strategy, while on the other hand Indians are smartly playing as messenger of peace in the world while putting blame on Pakistan for every terrorist activity in India. Pakistan army has recovered Indian weapons and ammunition but Islamabad failed to build a case against its arch r ival fo r supp ort ing insurgencies and terrorism in Pakistan. GeopoliticalAxis Indian foreign policy and diplomacy is another indicator that India is now aggressively working on isolating Pakistan in international community, on the pretext of her being unable to apprehend the terrorists involved in Mumbai attacks. So far Indian efforts have been pretty successful, made possible by the defeatists in Pakistan, who occupy defining positions in the making of Country's foreign policy. First, the Indians brought the matter to UN without completing investigations and its own legal proceedings about Mumbai attacks. Now in the second phase, Indian foreign office is approaching capitals in the region where Pakistani lobby has traditionally been considered stronger. Recent visit of Indian premier to Saudi Arabia is one such example where the

subject of terrorism from Pakistani soil was taken up by India. The reaction of concerned departments of Saudi Arabia must be a quick reminder to Pakistani foreign office that Indians are making all the efforts to isolate Pakistan internationally. Pakistani stance in UN on the Indian dossier was very fragile and caused great deal of embarrassment to the nation, while allowing the Indians to portray Pakistan as a hub of terrorists. Even the retired military officials were nominated in the resolution to be declared as terrorists. An isolated and weak Pakistan will be much easier to attack or fight in an actual conflict. Recent shift in Indian military doctrine is a clear indicator of that as well. To defame Pakistan, Indians have internationalized Mumbai attack bu t n ev er accepted Pak istani assistance in investigations. The case of Samjotha Express has been buried under the dust of time, as it implicated Indian religious fundamentalists in terrorism but Mumbai has remained open just to defame Pakistan. US covert operations against Iran from Afghanistan also played an important role in destabilizing PakIran relations. CIA formed Jundullah to launch low scale insurgency in Iranian Baluchistan (SistanBaluchistan). This insurgent group, with help and on directions from CIA, carried out multiple suicide attacks in Iranian Eastern province bordering Pakistan. As a result not only relationship between two brotherly countries turned sour, but sectarian violence also erupted in Pakistan. Geo-economicAxis India is trying to manipulate Pakistan's economy through water aggression. Natural landscape and geography of subcontinent has provided India with an opportunity to openly work for blocking Pakistan's water from Indus Basin Rivers (Chenab, Jehlum and Indus), which were allocated to Pakistan in IWT 1960. Pakistani concerned authorities already have assessed that by 2014
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India can stop water to Pakistani fertile land for a considerably long period of time to prevent sowing crops in time. The so-called peace initiatives between the two countries till this date, have failed to address Pakistani concerns on sensitive and important issues of the sort, while India continued to build dams in Kashmir on Pakistani rivers to bring Pakistan on its knees by destroying its agriculture. Media / PsychologicalAxis I n inter natio nal media, Pakistan is being presented as the most dangerous place for World peace, as it is a state too vulnerable to protect its nuclear arsenal which can fall into the “wrong hands”. Despite the assurances from all levels f rom Pakistan, the propaganda against Pakistan's nuclear weapons and their safety has only intensified during last two years. The recent development in media offensive against Pakistan is more disturbing, as it has entered into media manipulation phase by buying elements in all the notable media outlets of Pakistan. According to reports some 50 million dollars have been allocated to be spent on Pakistani media by US administration, in order to get a soft corner for US policies in the region. This is a concerning development for Pakistani media and masses, as it will hijack the Pakistani media to portray events as per wishes of US. Recently, Kerry Lugar bill faced severe criticism from every institute of Pakistan and among these institutes the most vocal was Pakistani media particularly, Urdu - both print and electronic. Though some elements in Pakistani media have remained critics of US policies in this country and in this region, but never in 63 years of its history Pakistani media ever preached “anti-American sentiments,” something to be eliminated or reduced from Pakistani media through this allocation of $50 million. It seems to be a PR building campaign in Pakistan by US administration, but it is evident after
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Kerry Lugar bill that US wants to shun all kind of criticism in Pakistani media on US policies as the official reason given for this allocation is very different from ground realities. Officially this money is to highlight development projects by US in Pakistan, to build trust but interestingly no such project has been initiated yet, so a logical question here is; how US administration deems to highlight its cooperation with Pakistani masses without any actual cooperation on ground? The timing of recent media allocation has raised many eyebrows in circles of critics of US policies. They feel the money will be used to expand the US footprint in Pakistani media to expand its psy-ops to mould opinion of masses, as per US policy makers. One such example is Voice of America, a radio and TV platform that speaks for the government of the US already has a tie-up with some private TV channels. US media is not the only entity having launched media war against Pakistan, but Indian media also joined the campaign particularly against Pakistani security establishment and its role in war on terror after Mumbai attacks in 2008. Strong Indian lobby in international media has also helped the cause to wage propaganda against Pakistani military and its role in war on terror. The idea that Pakistan military is actually helping Afghan Taliban against US and NATO was sold to the World by Indian elements through various reports by anonymous sources. This idea led US policy makers to believe that Pakistan is actually double crossing US in global war on terror. Resultantly Pakistan had to face more pressure from US. The real intentions of India behind misleading US policy makers were to get some concession on Kashmir and water issues, while keeping the world attention away from these outstanding core issues between two nuclear armed arch rivals in the subcontinent. Proposed Responses (Solutions) Keeping all the facets of the 4GWs being waged against Pakistan

since 8 long years, it is evident that dealing with such threat is not possible by using one state organ alone, like military or civilian administration. Even a combined effort by both sometimes fails to pay dividend until seeking a broad public support and a complete national cohesion on defense, foreign and internal policies. Anti Terrorism Operations So far, Pakistani military establishment has dealt with ongoing terrorism in a rather effective way adopting quickly to the new methods of urban asymmetrical counter insurgency operations within its own borders. But this must be understood, that for the army also, this was a learning curve which came at a heavy cost. Hundreds of brave and brilliant men have given their life and limb to fight a war army was not geared to fight traditionally. Now the entire Pakistan army has seen ruthless action in the last few years and is battle hardy and trained. Operations still continue to flush out the pockets of resistance by the TTP terrorists, but the war on ground is not supported by the PsyOps in national media nor by the political will of the government. The national judiciary has almost collapsed in response to this threat leaving the army almost without support from the state organs. This continues to increase pressure on the army which now has to deal with the political, psychological and judicial side of the war as well. In an environment of lopsided priorities and badly managed national governance, pressure on armed forces has increased manifold. Despite the overwhelming odds, army has done remarkably to neutralize the terrorist threats from this axis of the 4GW. But much more can be done to accelerate the process of cleanup and reduce the military, as well as the collateral damage. 1.Urban environment ops have to be intelligence based as theatre of operations is friendly territory infested by insurgents within the friendly local population. Human Intelligence (HINT) as well as

Technical Intelligence (TINT), remains the fundamental elements of any such operations. Tracking of cell and satellite phones, use of drone technology, night surveillance capabilities remain critical to these operations. These capabilities need to be enhanced radically, almost to the levels of police state or martial law in theaters of operations, as civil and judicial systems have collapsed in those regions. Army laws and military courts that deal with civilian combatant or insurgents fighting the State or armed forces, need to be invoked for short term to put the fear of God and law in the hearts of the terrorists. 2.Ideally, regular forces should not be used to combat 4GW terrorists. Reserves and paramilitary forces are best options. Pakistan must train more of its paramilitary forces for this role with indigenous tactics and plans. 3.In rural environment, local friendly militias or “Lashkars” to support the military and the paramilitary to take the lead role in securing their regions, to be backed by the State forces. 4.In the urban environment, a second tier of national defense needs to be created from educated urban youth. Pakistan used to have such a service, NCC, till late 90's. The compulsory military and civil defense training to the university youth should become mandatory to support security forces in urban environment search, security and neutralizing operations. 5.Due to its complex asymmetrical nature at every level, it is very necessary to study enemy's technical abilities. The Indian backed TTP and the BLA extensively use cyber world and cellular technology to their advantage. Also, Pakistani TTP has used IED's, suicide bombing as main tactic against security forces and society and explosive laden vehicles have proved most dangerous and destructive weapons. Proper anticyber terrorism units need to be aggressively active to check and track terrorists in cyber and cellular world. Also, a proper Vehicle Tracking &

Management System with ability to track target vehicle at any time can be very useful in reducing the risk of such attacks. 6.After getting a bloody nose in FATA and Swat, now militants are attacking Pakistani cities. So far, this strategy of militants has worked much more effectively to achieve their objective of physiologically destroying the morale of masses than traditional attacks on security forces in remote areas of NWFP and in FATA. Though both civilian and security forces are target of terrorists, but in big cities like Lahore and Karachi it is civilians who have suffered more. In order to secure the cities it is imperative to enhance the technical st intelligence as per needs of 21 century. Keeping every street in a city like Karachi or Lahore in sight all the time is a cumbersome job for any law enforcer, regardless of how well trained its personnel are. It is time to incorpor ate emerging military technologies in urban centers for gathering information and to keep an eye in a particular area on high risk targets. Pakistan is making surveillance drones for many years now and has also exported these planes to foreign customers as well. It is time to adopt this surveillance technology in the cities to get real time intelligence on suspected entities in a particular city. Drones are

much cheaper alternative to an expensive and more complex satellite based surveillance. 7.Another area of technical enhancement in Counter Intelligence (COIN) operation is to enhance the ability to track enemy's hideouts. Traditional methods of implanting someone in enemy ranks or buying out enemy assets has not proved hundred percent foolproof, as it is very difficult to differentiate friends from foes in this covert war. It is time for Pakistani security forces to start concentrating on applications of implantable GPS trackers to get exact location of a particular hostile entity. 8.Inter agency protocols for sharing sensitive information among various law enforcement bodies in the country has been traditionally a weak link in investigations. It is time to adopt new cutting edge technologies to build repositories with multiple access level to enhance cooperation among various law enforcement agencies and to enable these law enforcers to carry out real time investigations. 9. Absence of modern forensic labs is another hurdle in investigations. Pakistan must work to build state of the art forensic facility in the country and it must be equipped with all necessary technical facilities in this regard. Governance & Administrative Measures 10. To win the ultimate 4th generation war, it is imperative to eliminate all the root causes and supporting environment to ensure that enemy has no moral ground to maneuver its tactics, hence denying a moral victory to enemy which is the ultimate goal of 4th generation warfare. During last 8 years, Pakistani leadership took some steps to gain higher moral ground. Recent example of such a move was peace deal in Swat before a comprehensive military operation against terrorists. Pakistan army and government got a high moral ground by signing that deal. TTP was exposed in the end to the masses along with all its atrocities in the name of Islam. But
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A human implantable GPS tracker

there were some severe mistakes where army lost its moral edge to terrorists. The drop scene of Lal Masjid operation in July 2007 was a major blow to Pakistan army in its antiterrorism efforts and it provided an opportunity to hostile agencies to wage propaganda ops against Pakistan army, by getting sympathies of local masses and families of victims of this operation despite the fact that most of the students in Lal Masjid got killed due to being used as human shield by the terrorists. Lal masjid was a classic operation where bad and poor perception and media management created a security crisis for the State and the armed forces later on. th Counter insurgency in 4 generation warfare is the most complex task at hand. Every operation has different tactical planning and execution requirements, but Pakistan army and other forces must evaluate p os t o pe r ati o n cir c um st an ces particularly collateral damage with th respect to ultimate strategic goal of 4 generation warfare i.e. winning a moral battle in every operation, denying any opportunity to hostile elements to launch psy-ops against Pakistani state or army. 11. Operation Rah-i-Rast in Swat is also a reminder of what can happen if a region is deprived of speedy justice for a long period of time. It has remained a dilemma in Pakistan that legal procedure in lower courts is haplessly non-existent denying the very justice for which the State exists. This has developed a reactionary approach in mass behavior in Pakistani society. Like Justice, development is also an integral part of a peaceful society. It is the responsibility of civilian government to raise the infrastructure of insurgency affected areas so that people can restart social and economic activities in these areas. Cooperation of international donors and NGOs may be engaged on own terms in these rehabilitation efforts. The sooner these areas return to normalcy, the better it would be for overall law and order throughout the country. Along with infrastructure
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development, government must also take steps to revive lost businesses and jobs of the locals. 12. Education sector reforms are need of the hour. Absence of unif orm edu cational structur e throughout the country has produced various kinds of social and religious dogmas in the society, resultantly making national fabric more fragile instead of creating any national harmony which is a fundamental pillar of national stability and security. In recent insurgencies, it has become evident that a loose government control over various religious and private educational systems in Pakistan has created a sense of deprivation in one faction and superiority complex in another, and this vast gulf between these mindsets was successfully manipulated by the terrorist indoctrinators in the name of religion. So it is imperative that government take all necessary steps to make education in Pakistan uniform, for every faction of society. A strong over sight of religious schools is another area of urgent attention of government. It is time for government to present a model of educational institutes with a uniform general e duc ation standard throughout the country to provide equal opportunities for all the students in practical life.

Lt Col: Prasad Srikant Purohit a n a c t i v e m e mb e r o f A b h i n a v Bharat, a Hinduoutfit and mastermind o f S a mjh o ot a Exp re ss in ci d en t in 2006. Prohit has been convicted f or Malegaon blas ts i n 2008. Pa k is t a n i f o re i g n o ff i c e f a i l ed diplomatically to pick this matter of serving Indian armyofficer's directlink with terrorist organization.

Diplomatic Response From recent developments in the region on terrorism, it is evident that a case against Pakistan is being prepared as a next staging area for any big terror attack anywhere in the world, particularly in India or US. This idea, of blaming Pakistan for being used by terrorists to recruit, train and send terrorists and to plan an attack on US or Indian soil, came from aggressive Indian diplomatic offenses in major capitals of the world. The supporting factor was Pakistan's old defensive foreign policy. It is time for Pakistan to present a strong case at world forums regarding its efforts in combating terrorism and sufferings Pakistani nation has faced during this bloody war. Pakistan's foreign policy needs a major overhaul in this regard. Pakistan must also reject “Do More”. 1 3 . Pak i s t an mu s t k e ep Samjotha express case and Indian atrocities on Kashmiris alive, in international community and media

alike. Strong demand for inquiry into massacre of 59 innocent Pakistanis in Samjotha Express incident must be made and conveyed to all the capitals, through Pakistani diplomats. Pakistan must not abandon its slain citizens killed by cold blooded Indian fanatics. Kashmir is another strong moral case for Pakistan and it is time for Pakistan to end its lethargy over this important issue, and resurrect this case once again in international forums like UN. It has become more relevant in a nuclear overhang between Pakistan and India. Not only this, Pakistan must withstand international pressure from US and In dia and su pp or t Pak is tan i individuals convicted wrongly by the UN as terrorists; whereas in Pakistan, courts have failed to convict these individuals on the same information

One of many info graphics created to alarm world about TTP taking over Pakistan. In the map above, one can see areas like Chitral, Shangla, Kohistan and D.I Khan never remained under Taliban control. Unfortunately, due to absence of a clear media policy Pakistani media failed to counter propaganda w a rf a re b y We s t e r n m e d i a .

region. Recently, a serving Indian officer was convicted in Indian court for being the mastermind of bombing in a Masjid in Malegaon, a village in India. This attack was first blamed on Pakistan and ISI.This case has provided a much needed opportunity to use it as a proof in diplomatic community to unleash the real face of terrorists serving in Indian army. 14.Pakistan has suffered some 40 billion dollar losses in war of terror against foreign funded, supported and backed 4thGW. Now it is up to government to make this fact realized and present to all the stakeholders in this war.

and evidence provided by India that were used in UN to convict these individuals.Pakistan must build a strong case against India and her involvement in Pakistan, particularly in supp orting terrorism in Baluchistan and FATA. Pakistan army has given proofs to government and the ball is in democratic government's court to take the case to international forums like UN, where Propaganda Warfare Pakistan can seek Chinese help in 14. Strong media management order to unearth Indian intentions th is a fundamental requirement of 4 against Pakistan and peace in the generation warfare. In recent years,
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Pakistan generally and Pakistan army particularly are targets of Indian and Western media outlets; to portray both as weak and non serious in combating insurgency and terror. Leading papers, websites, magazines in US and Western media are leaking stories to defame Pakistani military leadership and its commitment to its war against foreign funded terror, despite the fact that Pakistan army is the only force in the world that has lost its serving Generals in this war. All these stories are part of the bigger propaganda operation, to demoralize forces and leadership by overlooking sacrifices made by Pakistan army but this is one side of all this. In reality, this is lack of a strong media team on the part of Pakistan. As mentioned, in Diplomatic r e sp o n se s e c t i o n t h e re c e n t revelations about involvement of Indian army's serving officers in terrorism must be exposed forcefully in media. It is high time for Pakistani government to review its media th policy with respect to 4 generation warfare. Pakistan still does not have a media policy which defines the roles, parameters, objectives, aims and goals of Pakistan's media in support of ground operations or to counter the hostile psy-ops. The terrorists still get air time on prime time media and army is still ridiculed and attacked both by politicians and media “analysts” for “fighting America’s war” and killing “own people!”.India is still not blamed for supporting insurgencies in Pakistani territory. 15. Pakistani government must make sure that any media exchange agreement between Pakistan and India takes place on reciprocal basis. Indian channels are being allowed in Pakistan uninterruptedly but Pakistani channels are facing a strict ban in most parts of India. In order to stop media invasion it is extremely necessary to expand footprint of Pakistani media in Indian territories.
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Conclusion As 4GW comprises of multiple axis and asymmetrical warfare, the solution to it can not be devised from one national institute. As 4GW is an evolving phenomenon, its solution must be out of the box as well depending upon multiple factors- both conventional as well as non-conventional. Pakistan is at a critical crossroads in fighting 4GW ter ror ists. Altho ugh military operations have shown very encouraging results so far in Swat and FATA, but it must be understood by the civilian government that to convert these military gains into permanent peace, some desperate measures are imperative in areas hit b y i ns urg en cy an d co un terinsurgency operations. For the last 5 years, Pakistani nation and state both have suffered due to weak and fragile foreign policy adopted by Musharraf regime and pursued by current government. This foreign policy of Pakistan has only served the interests of foreign powers or hostile nations like India who exploited internal conflicts of Pakistan at international level to defame Pakistan.A major overhaul in foreign policy is more than necessary, to bring an end to the ongoing master slave relationships between Pakistan and comity of nations. It is high time for Pakistan to draw some very visible red lines, which Pakistani state and nation will never cross while fighting terrorism as US ally in the region. Afghan policy needs to be overhauled. From being a passive player, Pakistan now needs to be an aggressive and pro-active policy maker in Afghanistan. The crisis in Pakistan has its roots in Afghanistan. It is absolutely critical, that Pakistan controls the internal as well as security dynamics in that country. I n d ia n s h a v e e x p l o i t e d t h e environment long enough. It's time to nail Indian interests and assets in Afghanistan to end the military axis of 4GW against Pakistan. Desperate

times call for desperate measures. Internal conflicts always have some root causes, and Pakistan is not an exception in this regard. It is a proven fact that unchecked foreign funding of some religious schools (Madrasas) in the past throughout the country, ever increasing poverty, ethnic intolerance, corruption etc. are some massive challenges the country is facing right now. Most worrying aspect of all these challenges is that all the related social and economical indicators are not showing any improvement. Unless the government takes some concrete steps in order to overcome socio-economic challenges in backward parts of the country, the threat of resurrection of similar insurgencies will keep prevailing, as poor socio-economics always made it easier for enemies to manipulate local masses for their own interests. Pakistan today faces two most critical cancers which are feeding the 4GW against the State. ·Corruption ·Failure of judicial system to put fear of God into the hearts of terrorists The system and the government have failed to address these two issues. The corruption feeds the bad governance, hopelessness, state failures and social disintegration. Lack of justice breeds terrorism, violence and social anarchy. If the present system cannot deliver, perhaps the right choice would be to change and replace the system before a complete and total victory against the 4GW can be assured. A political, judicial and economic system is required, where corruption and terrorism are met with zero tolerance, even if that means adopting desperate and harshest means. If it takes that much to clean the mess, then let it be. .......................................

Brasstacks Political and Security Review for Pakistan. Synopsis of the Month
By: Zaid Hamid
In this monthly political and security review we are going to discuss the regional, national and local emerging scenarios critical for Pakistani security. The biggest challenge at the moment Pakistan is facing is the mounting pressure by US for launching an operation in North WaziristanAgency. The US desire to launch Pakistan army into North Waziristan is getting more sinister, desperate and even bloody. Pakistan cannot afford to make a mistake here. North Waziristan is swarming with hostile assets backed by Indians, CIA and local terrorists. Pakistan has to choose its targets carefully, selectively and ruthlessly -without getting dragged into another bloody conflict against neutral or friendly tribes. Pakistan may initiate another war against TTP terrorists in North Waziristan but it remains critical that it chooses its own battleground and time, not under US duress. The entire US exit strategy in Afghanistan hinges on creating bad blood between Pakistan and Afghan Taliban/resistance fighting against US/NATO forces. US feels that Pakistan is not serious enough to take on and destroy the networks of Mullah Omar, Jalaluddin Haqqani and Gu lbad in H ek ma t ya r, he nce environment is being created to pitch Pakistan against these anti-US Afghan resistance. The pro-US or pro-Indian assets in the tribal areas are trying to provoke a reaction from Pakistan army. The game is not just dirty, it is outright treacherous. The detailed assessment of the developments and projected events has been done in this report. We have divided the analysis sections into following major categories: 1.Eastern Theatre Analysis: dealing with Pakistan's relations with India and Kashmir. 2.Western Theatre Analysis: deals with events affecting Pakistan from theAfghan side. 3.Political / Economic Axis deals with internal developments. 4.Internal Security Analysis: deals with various insurgencies, terrorism and sectarian conflicts being fought inside Pakistan. Eastern Front: Under the AfPak doctrine, US wanted to resolve the Kashmir dispute between Pakistan and India so that Pakistan could focus on the western front against Afghan Taliban, hence the renewed US interest in Kashmir since Obama took over. Indians were not amused and have traditionally rejected any third party involvement on Kashmir. The US confidence that they can influence or bribe (through the nuke deal) the Indians to come to talks on Kashmir evaporated pretty quickly and Kashmir was taken out of Richard Hoolbroke's mandate of AfPak. But on the western front, US is getting more and more dependent upon Pakistan. Islamabad has exploited this US weakness and has prevailed upon US to force Indians to come to talks on Kashmir. This is the real game now. US is now desperate to balance its relations between Pakistan and India. This is a radical policy shift within the last 6 months as US seeks exit strategy in Afghanistan and is more and more dependent upon Pakistan for help and support. Pakistani security establishment is now squeezing the US despite displeasure by Washington and Delhi. Also, role of Indians in supporting insurgencies in Pakistan through Afghanistan have been a bone of serious contention between Islamabad and Washington. Pakistan is holding US responsible for giving a free hand to Indians to support and supply the ruthless and bloody insurgencies in FATA, Swat and Baluchistan. In the last few months, suspicions between Pakistani and US establishments have grown triggering fears in Washington that Pakistan could decide to go against the US in Afghanistan. That would be a nightmare scenario for US and NATO in Afghanistan considering Pakistan's previous track record of burying the Soviet myth in the gorges of that treacherous country. US/NATO cannot afford a hostile Pakistan but the signs were clear that Indians were seriously acting as spoilers for US/NATO. US had to act quickly. On May 22, explaining the US policies for South Asia at a briefing at the Council on Foreign Relations, Deputy Secretary of State James B. Steinberg stressed the need for building a multi-faceted and long-term relationship with Pakistan by removing Islamabad's suspicions about Washington. India has been active to prevent
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a civil nuke deal between Pakistan and China and for this she was banking on US support but incredibly to the utter frustration of Indians, US also softened its stand on Pak-China nuke deal! This is a major geopolitical shift in US policy towards Pakistan and the reason is not their love for Pakistan's security needs but their own dependence upon Pakistan for their survival in Afghanistan. The paper by Lisa Curtis and Nicholas Hamisevicz of a Washington think-tank --- The Heritage Foundation --- also noted that the Obama administration was apparently softening the US position towards China–Pakistan nuclear cooperation. Indians on the other hand are proving to be a tough nut for the US. Now even theAmericans are frustrated and have used all their influence to force the Indians to come to some form of talks with Pakistan. There are enough reasons to believe that fascist elements in Indian religious and political spheres would resist any meaningful talks on Kashmir. Rest would be eyewash only. It is a very tense period between Pakistan and India. India is blocking Pakistan waters and heat is also rising in Pakistan on this count. Multiple clashes have already taken place on line of control and working boundary between Pakistan and India. This is makingAmericans very nervous. There are other factors also which have put India on the defensive. The Maoists in India have now emerged as a major security challenge for the Indian federation and Delhi needs time to gather itself. Indian assets in Afghanistan have also been asked by Americans to restrain their war against Pakistan. Pakistan has been able to break the back of Indian backed insurgency in Swat and FATA, changing the rules of the game decisively. Kashmir is simmering again, another nightmare for Delhi. All these factors have put India on a weak regional position and thus Indians have agreed to a dialogue with Pakistan, albeit reluctantly to release the pressure from the Americans. But there is also no doubt that Indians would do their best to
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wriggle out of any talks on Kashmir and water, hence the warnings by the analysts and even by the US government that a terror attack in India is possible seems real. Such terror attacks are often used as pretexts to break away from any dialogue with Pakistan. Mumbai attacks broke off the peace talks back then as well. Western Front: Three critical issues affect the regional security dynamics on the western front. 1 . U S s t rat eg y ins id e Afghanistan. 2. US drone strikes inside Pakistan 3. Indian support to terrorism inside Pakistan from Afghanistan. Ideally, US would want to fight to the last Pakistani! That is why the US desire to pitch Pakistan against Afghan Taliban. But that does not seem to be working. So now US don't have any Afghan strategy except to try to hold on through limited military offensives, engage Taliban to buy off assets within them for the exit strategy, exploit Pakistan's influence in the region to gain access into forbidden Taliban sanctuaries or rather crush Afghan Taliban or resistance leaders like Haqqani and Hekmatyar, hand over more and more territory to Karzai government to cut US and foreign losses and to address Pakistan's concerns over Indian presence in Afghanistan. The aggressive US strategy after 9/11 has given way to a sheepish search for a face saving exit strategy, very similar to what it looked like in pre-withdrawal days from Vietnam. NATO supplies are desperately vulnerable in Pakistan as frustrated and defeated TTP militants, ironically aided by Indian weapons and money, are now threatening the US/NATO interests directly for what is considered by them as a betrayal by US when a CIA drone accidently killed TTP leader Baitullah Mehsud. TTP had responded by sending a Jordanian CIA double agent into CIA HQ in Khost which had killed half a dozen

CIA operators, the largest single loss for the agency in decades. Now some TTP elements are also being hunted by CIA drones but Indians are desperate to protect their assets. The sinister game is outright dirty and ruthless where multiple secret services and terror groups are cutting each other's throats despite often being allies on the surface. Indians and the CIA have not taken these developments kindly and have responded ruthlessly. A new terror group called ― Asian Tigers (like Tamil Tigers?) have emerged which is basically consisting of local Pakistani terrorists backed by the Indians and also having connections with David Headley, the Mumbai wanted man held by US government, who was also a CIA operative. These Asian tigers are responsible for attacking the Sri Lankan cricket team in Pakistan as well as the GHQ in Rawalpindi. They are also called the “Punjabi Taliban” for a large number of sectarian terrorists from banned outfits of Lashkar Jhangvi and Sipahe-Sahaba are also part of the Asian Tiger gang. These Asian tigers were used by the Indians and CIA to murder Khalid Khawaja, who was trying to bring about a peace accord between TTP leadership and Pakistan. Role of CIA backed media icons to “arrange” the assassination of Khalid Khawaja has also come on the surface and is being investigated. Orchestrated assassination of Khalid Khawaja was a grave provocation by RAW/CIA to drag Pakistan army into the North Waziristan quagmire. It has failed once again though it has exposed the CIA's penetration in Pakistani media and local terrorists. With news of Hakimullah being alive and now these latest developments, Pakistan has a real challenge at hand and the army would be going tough on the local Taliban as well as the Americans if the going gets tough for Pakistan due to Indian involvement. Now even the CIA is coming under pressure for its use of drones to attack into Pakistan as the practice is now finding dissenting voices even in the US government.

These strikes are causing severe civilian losses while the actual terrorists escape most of the time as in the case of Hakimullah Mehsud. Pakistani security establishment seriously feel that US is not serious in taking out anti-Pakistan terrorists. In the coming days, Pakistan will have to find a quick and even ruthless way of ending this war on the western front as Indians pose a real threat on the eastern borders. Indians have trapped Pakistan army on the western borders through their proxies despite the fact that Pakistan army is gaining ground. Still, the fight is far from over. Indians would want Pakistan army to remain engaged in the region for a very long time while the eastern borders remains thinly guarded and exposed to prevent any major Indian offensive. This is a critical national security situation for Pakistan, an unprecedented one in its history. As we have said, Pakistani Taliban TTP are an Indian created/backed terror group planted to draw world attention towards “global terrorism originating from Pakistan”. They are waging a war against the State of Pakistan and have now claimed the NY failed attack also increasing pressure on Pakistan. There is a desperate attempt on the media as well to link the Faisal Shahzad issues with Pakistani tribal areas. From US State department to TTP terrorists on ground, everyone seems to be working in unison and very interested in dragging Pakistan army into North Waziristan! US is deploying all their resources in global covert ops, diplomacy, military threats, media and in terrorist organizations to prove that Pakistani tribal region of North Waziristan is the hub of all terrorism in US and Europe and unless Pakistan acts in the region, US would. Putting Pakistan on collision course with Afghan resistance is the US prime strategy. Political / EconomicAxis: Government is on a collision course with Judiciary and army as well as media. This is going to be too much to chew for the corrupt, incompetent and almost sold out government despite all the bravado by its fanatic

diehards. T h e L a w, J u s t i c e a n d Parliamentary Affairs Minister Babar Awan defended Zardari on all fronts especially in Swiss case while the government continued to panic and flap its wings in all directions to stay afloat. Instead of taking a reconciliatory and legal course, the PPP government has chosen the collision course. Chief Justice is fighting his own battle against this staggeringly corrupt government. Head-on collision is inevitable. NRO, Swiss cases, privatization deals, 18th amendments, promotions of cronies - The list is never ending and the war is so intense now. Under desperate condition, government was able to secure loan from IMF, on very harsh terms. The fate of the ordinary man as well as this government is now sealed. The corruption and bad governance has literally broken the back of the national institutions and the common man alike. So the circus continues and the seeds of a violent over throw of this government are sown. As the Supreme Court continues to pile pressure on the government, PPP resorts to more radical means and outright threats to the apex court. Sensing that the system is sinking faster than the titanic, PPP government moves in to make amends with the main opposition party PML(N) and to forge a joint defense to save their vested interests. Both the PPP and the PML(N) are driven by common threats of army takeover, legal cases in Supreme Court and NRO, as well as by the opposition in the waiting – the PML(Q) which is seen as Musharraf party. Now the common defense is against common enemies. A government of thieves, by the thieves, for the thieves! Sitting President and almost all ministers are wanted in criminal and financial scams and are going to ridiculous limits to save their skins turning the entire system into almost a banana republic! National Budget for next year is here. Figure fudging is at its best these days to show enhanced performance of the government. Massive bleeding of national resources

have brought the national exchequer to a total collapse, leaving no option to the government but to borrow on secret terms from IMF, further creating crisis in national economy. Now the back breaking terms of the Bank and new taxes would basically decide the fate of this government. Internal security issues: Military is now clearing the TTP pockets from various suburban valleys of the tribal regions. Meanwhile, CIA continued to wage its own war in the tribal areas attacking assets known to be hostile to US. These drones have become the biggest killers of ordinary people after suicide attacks by the terrorists. Meanwhile, the blitz by the army continues in Orakzai and other tribal pockets causing severe damage to the terrorists. The tide is now turning against terrorists rapidly. Military is now well trained, focused and determined to hit the TTP terrorists hard. There are no issues of morale or morality as the TTP now stand exposed as hostile Indian backed terrorist outfit. The stunning success of the Pakistan army in Swat, South Waziristan and in the neighboring valleys is legendary stuff, having surprised not just the TTP but also the US/NATO and Indian observers. Whereas at local level Karachi has witnessed clashes between nationalist parties heating up communal rifts there. Local parties are trying to ignite ethnic clashes in the city while on the other hand low intensity sabotage activities by BLA terrorists goes on in Baluchistan. Baluchistan remains a matter of concern as BLA and sectarian assassins continue to eliminate rivals with complete paralysis in the provincial government. ....................................

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18 Amendment
th

Revenge of Pakistani Democracy

By: Shehzad Masood Roomi
“Democracy is a government of the fools, for the fools, by the fools.” (George Bernard Shaw) th The stated objective of the 18 amendment was to decontaminate the constitution from all the authoritarian amendments made by military rulers th particularly 17 amendment. This was deemed necessary by parliament for various state organs to work in cohesion. The question is, has 18th amendment got its stated objective served? The answer is NO. Instead, this very amendment has taken away the essence of democracy from the entire political system in the country. This amendment is nothing but an attempt to hijack country's constitution making institutes. Apart from that, recent amendment is going to hurt the state by opening too many Pandora boxes. The recent amendment was supposed to take powers from president and give them back to the parliament and to the prime minister in th order to reverse the impact of 17 amendment. Ironically instead of giving powers back to parliament and Prime Minister ’s Office, this
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amendment has turned both these institutes into rubber stamps by conceding many of the existing powers of these institutes to some (possibly) non-elected individual politicians. th 18 amendment is going to do following in the future; It would bring more corruption to Pakistani politics by uprooting rule of law, it would promote sham democracy in Pakistan by allocating powers to non-elected people, it would shake national th integrity and 18 amendment would undermine vital national institutes and below is how; Death of rule of law and justice Now even a corrupt, ineligible and incompetent politician, as party head, would be able to manipulate the whole political system in the country. This was achieved by making some very disturbing changes in article 63. This article deals with the eligibility of political contesters in general elections. This amendment has ruined the idea of rule of law and justice. Amendments made in article 63 would enable every convicted criminal to be part of the parliament after five years

of his release from jail irrespective of the fact why that person was convicted. This can also include promoting anti-state propaganda, bringing defamation and ridicule to Pakistan. This has been achieved by removing Article 63(1)(I) from constitution and by amendingArticle 63 [1][g]. Article 63(1)(p) has been removed altogether as this clause was to prohibit absconders to enter into political process of the country. With these critical changes in article 63, political elite has turned itself morally naked in front of public. Nowhere in the world can a similar amendment even be contemplated but here in Pakistan, ironically, no one has any objection to these changes. For record below is exact th text changed items in article 63 in 18 Amendment; (Excerpt from Article 63 in th constitution before 18 amendment) 63. Disqualifications for membership of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) (1)A person shall be disqualified from being elected or chosen as, and from being, a member of the Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament), if:(g)he is propagating any

opinion, or acting in any manner, prejudicial to the Ideology of Pakistan, or the sovereignty, integrity or security of Pakistan, or morality, or the maintenance of public order, or the integrity or independence of the judiciary of Pakistan, or which defames or brings into ridicule the judiciary or the Armed Forces of Pakistan; or (h) he has been convicted by a court of competent jurisdiction on a charge of corrupt practice, moral turpitude or misuse of power or authority under any law for the time being in force; or (i) he has been dismissed from the service of Pakistan or service of a corporation or office set up or controlled by the Federal Government, Provincial Government or a Local Government on the grounds of misconduct or moral turpitude; or (p) he has been convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for having absconded by a competent court under any law for the time being in force. Now it is worth noting that there is no mention of taking corrupt and convicted persons back into political process ever again in original text of article 63 but according to new amendments it will become possible for the convicted criminals and absconders to come back and be part of the political process all over again. In th 18 amendment the following clauses of the article has been substituted as following; (Changes are in bold) 21. Substitution of Article 63 of the Constitution.In the Constitution, for Article 63, the following shall be substituted, namely,63. Disqualifications for membership of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) (1) A person shall be disqualified from being elected or chosen as, and from being, a member of the Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament), (g) he has been convicted by a court of competent jurisdiction for propagating any opinion, or acting in any manner, prejudicial to the ideology of Pakistan, or the sovereignty, integrity or security of Pakistan, or the integrity or independence of the

judiciary of Pakistan, or which defames or brings into ridicule the judiciary or the Armed Forces of Pakistan, unless a period of five years has elapsed since his release; or (h) he has been, on conviction for any offence involving moral turpitude, sentenced to imprisonment for a term of not less than two years, unless a period of five years has elapsed since his release; or (I) he has been dismissed from the service of Pakistan or service of a corporation or office set up or, controlled, by the Federal Government, Provincial Government or a Local Government on the ground of misconduct, unless a period of five years has elapsed since his dismissal. By looking at amended article 63 it is evident that political elite of Pakistan has compromised over strongest safeguard of democracy i.e. rule of law. Not only clauses have been changed but some clauses are no more present in newly amended article. It seems that through amended article

political elite has legalized all the corruption and misuse of various public offices. Corruption and misuse of authority are considered atrocious crimes in any democracy in the world but unfortunately in Pakistan corruption is not a concern to the law makers. Promotion of Sham Democracy Instead of putting law makers' th selection under stricter checks, 18 amendment would only encourage corrupt ones to join in. Without rule of law any democracy would be a complete sham and it would have no public approval as no public issue would be solved by subsequently formed sham democratic system in the country. Another undemocratic change is the way defection clauses Masood 63(A) by: Shahzad of article Roomi would be applied to manipulate MPs' th conscience. Prior to 18 amendment, defection was NOT applicable to a member of parliament in case of his/her vote to constitution bill (amendment) as pe r his/he r

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conscience. Below is amended text and changes are shown in bold words; 63A. Disqualification on grounds of defection, etc.(l) If a member of a Parliamentary Party composed of a single political party in a House- (a) resigns from membership of his political party or joins another Parliamentary Party; or (b) votes or abstains from voting in the House contrary to any direction issued by the Parliamentary Party to which he belongs, in relation to(i) election of the Prime Minister or the Chief Minister; or (ii) a vote of confidence or a vote of noconfidence; or (iii) a Money Bill or a Constitution (Amendment) Bill; He may be declared in writing by the Party Head to have defected from the political party, and the Party Head may forward a copy of the declaration to the Presiding Officer and the Chief Election Commissioner and shall similarly forward a copy thereof to the member concerned: Provided that before making the declaration, the Party Head shall provide such member with an opportunity to show cause as to why such declaration may not be made against him. Applying defection on a member of parliament who is intending to vote for or against any constitutional bill will take away the freedom of speech from MPs something very critical for a real democracy. Unfortunately so-called champions of democracy in Pakistan have made sure that all the political parties would become hostage to single entity; “Party He ad” irrespective to fact if he himself is member of parliament or not. To ensur e authoritarian control over political parties' further article 17 has been edited as well. Clause 4 of Article 17 is no more part of the constitution. In presence of this clause intra-party elections were a
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political impasse was the way ANP got NWFP renamed by blackmailing other parties on 18th amendment's approval. Keeping in mind, current foreign meddling in Pakistani politics this arrangement can be suicidal not only for political system (democracy) but for the country itself. Now it would become easier for foreign meddlers to interfere in Pakistan's internal political affairs by overlooking national institutes like national assembly and Undermine Vital National Institutes senate. Like dictatorship all these Military dictatorship in a meddlers would have to do is to parliamentary federation is conceived negotiate with one person; Party Head, as worse form of governance as it to simply intimidate or entice him, undermines almost all the national whatever is workable in a given institutes like parliament and judiciary situation, to get the “job done”and et c. b ut w h at abo u t ci v ili an what could this job be? Well, it may dictatorship in same federation? Well, sound like conspiracy theory but in fact current government, in the past, it would be the worst case scenario. Dictatorship, irrespective of has unsuccessfully tried twice to its military or civilian incarnation, undermine premium intelligence usually opposes all the democratic institute of Pakistan, ISI, clearly on norms like rule of law, freedom of instructions from abroad. Recently authority to appoint speech etc. With change in article 63A there is no guarantee that parliament services chiefs in armed forces has would be able to function freely ever been given to Prime Minister but in again as any debate on any pertaining presence of 18th amendment it will be issue would be futile as real decision eventually the party head who would now lies with party head and not with appoint the services chiefs. Personal likes and dislikes in this practice have the parliament. Current amendment will not failed the whole democratic system in only undermine parliament but office the past. Pakistan in current situation of Prime Minster will also lose its cannot afford any political turmoil. Not only armed forces but authority as office of country's chief executive unless he himself is acting judiciary has been also politicized th like party head as well otherwise an through 18 amendment. A new seven elected PM will have to see towards member judicial commission has been raised to appoint judges in High Court party head for every move. As parliament would be and Supreme Court. This commission bypassed, so any new political and would consist of entities like attorney constitutional problem will be settled general of Pakistan. Previously, outside the parliament among party authority of appointing new judges in heads. By looking at political history higher courts was with Chief Justice of of the country it is safe to assume that Pakistan and political parties, both in every political head would use such government or in opposition, had no opportunity to push his/her own role in appointment of judges. Through agenda ahead by black mailing other this process political leadership has parties. Latest display of such heinous tried to hold the power over judiciary.

constitutional obligation for all th political parties. After 18 amendment it is not a constitutional obligation anymore to select a party head through an intra-party election. As there will be no election within the parties so political parties would become personal property of one entity. It would be prudent to ask the parliamentarians what their role would be in constitution making in the future?

Judicial commission has already been challenged in Supreme Court by Pakistan Bar Council and court will listen to the petitions against the formulation of Judicial Commission soon. It seems that government and political parties have created yet another judicial crisis in the country. But this is not the first bane of th the 18 amendment.Another crisis is in the making in shape of KhyberPakhtunkhwa and provi ncial autonomy. Shaking National Integrity Provincial autonomy has remained a painful experience of Pakistani nation and this dogma never met with political acceptance ever since 1971 until now. Pakistan since independence was deemed as a strong federation with certain provisions with provinces. All the constitutions made in Pakistan since independence rejected political autonomy in its absolute incarnation but current

“engineered” gove rnment in Islamabad has resurrected this old buried issue once again. Pakistani constitution like many other federations (including India) had more than two legislative lists dealing with jurisdictions, of center and provinces, to make laws for specified subjects. Some subjects were shared between center and province th through a concurrent list. In 18 amendment this list has been abolished altogether and all 47 subjects included in this list have been moved to provinces. The changes in Schedule IV and Article 70 of the constitution have posed new administrative challenges to provincial governments about how to shift subjects which were enlisted in concurrent list previously? But an even bigger challenge at hand is how center and province would agree on formulation of proposed th implementation commission before 5 of May 2010 and how this commission

is going to complete devolution of subjects to the provinces before 13 th June 2011? Both dates set in 18 amendment draft. This process is going to test the nerves of law makers as some of the subjects in previously present concurrent lists are such which can't be handed over to provinces alone like Electricity. In federations all over the world having two or three legislative lists is not a problem. India since 1950 is maintaining more than one legislative list and surprisingly, there, constitutional subjects have been moved from provincial list to federal list exactly opposite to something Pakistan's newly born democracy is trying to achieve. th Last but not the least, 18 amendment has stirred ethnolinguistic politics in Pakistan by renaming NWFP province as KhyberPakhtunkhwa. Sub nationalist ANP hijacked whole constitutional reform
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program over this demand and threatened other parties to not let amendments pass if new name is not accepted. Changing province name in any country maybe not an issue at all but in Pakistan word “Pakhtunistan” or “Pukhtunkhwa(KPK)” has a very disturbing history which dates back to Pakistan movement in 1940s. Creating an independent Pakhtun state is an old agenda of sub nationalist leadership of ANP. New name is not justified by any plausible reason. From its pure historic incarnation it is wrong as till 1901 the province was integral part of Punjab. It was British Empire who divided Punjab on ethnic basis for its own agenda of minimizing threat of revolt from Pushtuns of Punjab and Afghanistan so British came up with a plan of divide and rule which served their purpose successfully. Demographically speaking Pakistan is a very diverse country. There are more non-Pushtuns in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa(KPK). Demography of former NWFP got changed during 1980's with a massive influx of refugees from Afghanistan
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but they were never accepted as part of local population and would eventually leave Pakistani areas once Afghanistan achieved some durable peace. It is a factual error on part of many senior analysts who consider Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa(KPK) as a Pushtun majority province. There are other ethnic groups like Hazarwals (the Hindko speaking people), Saraiki etc. Repercussions over this name for NWFP are already showing signs. Numbers of lives lost in violent incidents particularly in nonPushtun divisions of the province. Demand of further dividing province on ethnic base has got momentum as well in Hazara division. There is a real threat of confrontation among various ethnic groups in Pakistan as now many sub nationalist elements in other provinces are raising voices for new provinces by further dividing Pakistan on ethno-linguistic basis which would culminate on weakening the federation. It is not a secret that real agenda of ANP and other sub nationalists demanding more provinces on ethnic basis is to

convert federation of Pakistan into a loosely bounded confederation with p r o v i n c e s h a v i n g m ax im u m autonomy.
Conclusion As a result of this amendment, government is standing against judiciary once again. Ethnic politics is on the rise which is another disturbing sign for the federation. Eradication of authoritarian and non democratic clauses from constitution is mandatory for sustainable democracy in the country but the way th 17 amendment has been removed it is shameful and perfidious not only for democracy but for the whole nation. Legalization of corruption, enco ur ag ing no n d emo cratic political culture and sowing ethnic loathing in nation are few heinous things 18th amendment is going to give to already problematic Pakistan. The clauses discussed in this write up must be re evaluated in the parliament with intense brainstorming so that a true vibrant, dependable and clean democratic culture can be nurtured in Pakistan.

Takmeel-e-Pakistan
Lightened Way toward vivid Pakistan…
By: Noureen Akhtar
Pakistan is a sacred trust, a romantic dream coming true for the renaissance of the Ummah, a secret from the secrets of Allah, the “Medina e Sani” for the Ummat e Rasul (pbuh) th in the present times, created on the 27 of Ramadhan on Friday in 1947 under the shadows of millions of shuhada (martyrs) and muhajireen (refugees). Though today, Pakistan holds the attributes of the greatest and strongest Muslim nation on earth and natural born leader of the Ummah, but yet to claim its rightful place in the world. The creation of Pakistan was unique in the sense that it was based on the ideological commitments in the light of Islam. It basically means that Pakistan should be a state, where the Pakistanis should have an opportunity to live according to their faith and creed based on divine principles of Islam. Pakistani ideology is based on the ideals of Islamic systems which remained enacted in subcontinent for centuries and were abolished by British Raj. The desire to have a separate homeland was a reaction to the Hindu and British political and economical exploitation of the Muslims afterwards to cripple them completely. Furthermore this ideology was a revolt against the prevailing system of India where the Hindu culture was forcibly imposed on the Muslims of sub-continent. The history of formulation of the constitution of Pakistan begins with the Lahore Resolution in 1940. It was here that the idea of a separate homeland for the Muslims of India was first outlined and adopted as final destiny. It came to be known as the Pakistan Resolution later on. After In depend en ce, the O bjectiv es Resolution was passed which provided an ideological framework for constitutional developments in Pakistan in future. It provided parameters and principles to the legislators to define features of newly born state like the constitution, the representatives of the people, Islamic principle, minorities and human rights, federation, state's sovereignty, and international norms. It set a direction for the constitution-making process by defining some particular objectives that would be acceptable to the people of Pakistan who had suffered a lot under the Hindu-dominated majority. The Resolution was moved by Liaquat Ali Khan, the then Prime Minister of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and approved on March 12, 1949. Unfortunately nation lost its path defined by founding fathers due to various problems and factors. 70 years after the passing of the Qarardad-e-Pakistan [Pakistan Resolution] and 63 years after its tameer (creation), Pakistan's destiny remains unfulfilled. The Pakistan that Iqbal dreamt of and Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah envisioned and created, remains unfinished. Today we have gathered in the same city where our ancestors did 70 years ago. On March 23rd 1940, our forefathers announced their 'raza' to their khaliq and the creator of the universe, and Allah (swt) granted them their wish in 1947 after sacrifices of 5 million Muslims and migration of 5 million more. On March 23rd 2010, we had gathered in the same city to re-create that moment and to renew our pledge to Allah that we intend to keep the promise our forefathers made 61 years ago in 1949 while passing Objective Resolution; that we intend to fulfill the unfinished destiny and complete the dream of Iqbal and Jinnah and our forefathers by taking Pakistan to its Takmeel (completion). We intend to build Pakistan on the model of Khilafat-e-Rashida and on the glorious past of Qurun-e-Aula. We intend to make Pakistan the greatest, honorable, dignified nation on this earth, leading the Muslim world and a decisive player in the global theatre. Through Takmeel Resolution, Pakistani youth vowed to remodel Pakistan on the pattern of Khilafat-eRashida. A state that would create conditions to enable the Muslims to organize their lives with the principles and teachings of Islam as set out in the Quran and the Sunnah which are the main sources of guidance and inspiration for the Muslims all over the World. This is firmly grounded on the original Objectives Resolution. TakmeelResolution draft defines the objectives of Pak sarzameen, once again, to make Pakistan a strong, prosperous and honorable state that would lead the w h o l e U m m a h i n t h e f u tu r e, InshaAllah.
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Choosing French Submarine over German?

Rational decision or risking Pakistani defence ?
By: Farzana Shah
Possibility of signing the accord for provision of U-214 submarines to Pakistan Navy, with Germany is still not in sight despite the offers by Germany in the recent past. U – 214 multi target capability

for the German subs to take up a meanwhile India will have all its “better offer” from France. Scorpion in sea. DCN (Direction des Constructions Navales), France will But what better submarines France can offer to Pakistan? That is not be able to fulfill Pakistani order a question to ponder because France ahead of Indians. has no better submarines to offer Now the only option for Pakistan at the moment, whereas Pakistan will be to ask for Barracuda French are indeed not ready to offer submarine, but it is unlikely that us nuclear submarine. Fr ance will sell u s nu clear submarine. Barracuda is a nuclear What France has in store? powered submarine and France does There are three options not currently allow the sale of nuclear-propelled submarines. 1. Scorpion 2. Marlin

The deal hit snags due to change of mind in the current Pakistani government over purchase of German submarines. In 2008 Pakistan Navy under chief of naval staff Admiral Muhammad Afzal Tahir made efforts for including German 214 Class submarines in its fleet and owing to Navy's persistent efforts, the government had approved plans for acquisition of these submarines to be built at Karachi Shipyard under transfer of technology programme.

Despite having French Agosta B submarines, the Pakistani 3. Barracuda submarines Navy opted for purchasing German But again the scorpions are not Torpedoes for Agosta B due to the superior to U- 214, neither these will superior German technology. be having any benefit for Pakistan Pakistan Navy needs because French company DCN is German submarines because the already going to provide Scorpion to German U-214 subs are far better The details were later Indian Navy ahead of Pakistan. than the French Scorpion. worked out between the two U-214 is way better than countries when a Pakistan Navy Following is the comparison delegation visited Germany in April. French design given to India. Marlin between French subs and German is just on drawing board and will take However recently quoting Pakistani forever to go to prototype stage and U- 214. government sources, the Financial then test and evaluation and finally Specifications of U-214 Times Deutschland says Asif Zardari induction into Pakistan Navy Crew: 27 (including five officers) may overrule his navy’s preference
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Weapon Systems: Torpedoes

Crew: 32 Dimensions: Overall Length:63.5m

the Senate. Whereas some eyebrows have also been raised over the fact that foreign secretary Salman Bashir in the current government of Zardari is the brother of Naval Chief, Noman Bashir and there are also some reports that PIA chairman is going to be named Pakistani envoy to France. Some political pundits see such an appointment an attempt to muster a deal for French submarines. On the other hand submarine acquisition project (SMAP) a group composed of Naval officers who have recommended U-214 submarines over other options after extensive study has been disbanded and the officers have been posted out at different stations. Though earlier the Germans had delayed the deal due to political situation of Pakistan but can kickoff cutting of hull for first submarine immediately after signing the deal. In such a situation going for something which does not fulfill the requirement of Pakistan Navy would be tantamount to putting the national defence at risk. There is no reason not to go for German submarines specially when Berlin even granted federal export credit guarantees worth nearly $1.4 billion for the purchase of the same. ....................................

Six 533mm tubes, 24 STN Atlas Elektronik DM2A4 torpedoes Draught: 5.4m Combat Data Syetem Submerged Displacement: 1,590t Basic Command and Weapons Surface Displacement: 1,450t Control System (BCWCS) Pressure Hull Weldable and HighTensile Steel Countermeasures: ESM EADS FL1800U
80HLES, more than 700Mpa Performance: Maximum Operating Depth: 350m Submerged Speed: Over 20 kt

Decoys: TAU 2000 torpedo Range (at 8kt)6,400nm countermeasures system Radar: Kelvin hughes type 1007 I- Endurance:50 days band navigation radar Weapon Systems:

Sonar: STN Atlas Elektronik Torpedoes / Missiles DBQS-40 sonar suite and STN Atlas Six 21in torpedo tubes for 18 Elektronik MOA 3070 mine torpedoes / missiles detection sonar The comparison clearly Periscopes: Zeiss Optronic SERO indicates the superiority of German U214 submarine. 14 search and SERO 15 attack Propulsion: Diesel-electric, MTU 16V-396 diesel engine, 3.12MW, HDW / Si emens AIP (AirIndependent Propulsion) system, 300kW U-214 Dimensions: Length: 64m Height: 13m Surface Displacement: 1,700m³ Presure Hull Diameter: 6.3m Buoyancy Reserve 10% U-214 Performance: Submerged Patrol Speed :6kt Range:12,000nm Mission Endurance: 12 weeks Constantly Submerged Three weeks without snorkelling Mission Sprint Speed: 15kt to 20kt Maximum Dive Depth: 400m+
Scorpion (Scorpène) Subs (French One) Specifications If the current government goes for inferior quality French submarines then it will indeed give weight to suspicion of many Pakistanis who see bribes as main factor behind any irrational decisions viz-a-viz defense deals. Already the Pakistani senators have demanded in an incamera briefing from Pakistani Naval chief in

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Zaid Hamid

From Indus to Oxus
Experiences, Observations and Travels in the Melting Pot of History So it all begins!
It was July 1991. Standing on the Afghan bank of Oxus River, in cool whispering breeze, I could see the barren grey mountains of Tajikistan on the other side. In the bright morning sunshine and beyond the muddy water of Oxus or Amo Darya, I could see the Russian watch towers piercing the skyline. They must be watching us too, I wondered. History moved in front of my eyes like a fast forwarded tape. Though Islamic armies had first crossed Oxus around 670 AD, the region was still considered the extreme boundary of another world in the writings of the oriental Muslim historians. Oxus was Nehr, meaning the river, in Muslim history and all Muslim Central Asia was Ma wara-ul-Nehr, what lies behind the river, a description to represent the territories on the very edge of the Muslim civilization when seen from Muslim heartland in Middle East and Arabia. For centuries, armies, civilizations and ideologies have crossed the Nehr, from both sides. But after the initial conquest by Islamic armies; mostly the flow had been towards the South directed towards Afghanistan and India. I was here because the last of the invading armies had just been pushed back across to where it came from. An event of historic proportion had occurred. The three hundred years of Russian expansion had come to a halt in Afghanistan and a process of roll back had begun. The entire central Asia was in an upheaval against their former colonisers and one after another new States were declaring independence. Now I stood on the banks of Amo Darya, watched the defeated army protecting the borders of yet another occupied land from a possible reverse invasion. But the process of retreat was irrevocable. Just to give a helping hand, I picked up my rifle; a Russian captured AK-47, aimed at the mountains beyond the river and fired. I felt a rush of adrenaline in my body as the cracking gunshot echoed across the valley. An emotional but symbolic contribution to the freedom of Ma Wara-ul-nehr. All central Asian States were in the process of declaring freedom from Soviet control. Soviet

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adventure in Afghanistan had turned out to be a disaster of historic proportions for Kremlin. Couple of months later on 9 September 1991, Tajikistan declared independence. Standing in that bright morning sunshine, I reflected on the events which had brought me here. It had been a long, adventurous and treacherous journey for me to get to this point. For the last five years, I was associated with the Afghan resistance, from fighting as an ordinary foot soldier in the fiercest of battles to becoming a part time doctor, j o u r n a l is t , m ed i a co n s u l t a n t, photographer, technical assistant, propagandist and even a negotiator with Pakistan government on behalf of the resistance. My seemingly insane and adventurous travels into the killing fields of Afghanistan had taken me from Paktika in South to the extreme limits of Oxus on the border of Central Asia. I saw the making of history in the

melting pot of Afghanistan. Witnessed millions of hungry and displaced refugees and vast empty spaces of wastelands which were once bustling villages and lush fields. Saw the heroic resistance of ragtag fighters and also saw the brute savagery and ruthless firepower of a modern super power. Saw many defeats and many victories, much bloodshed and many sufferings. I am a witness to epic tales of valour as well as disgusting incidents of treachery, betrayal and treason. Also saw the time when Mujahideen had actually begun to lose and also witnessed the Soviet withdrawal few years later. Had the opportunity of seeing and interacting with major Afghan Mujahideen leaders and commanders and with the brigades of Ansars, the international Muslim volunteer corps, which had come to join and assist the resistance. I also interacted with power players in Pakistan army responsible for

inflicting the “death by a thousand cuts” strategy against the Soviets. I am a witness to their victories and to their failures. My job was not done yet. There was still a long road ahead of me. Kabul was still in the hands of Communists and more important than that, Pakistan had begun to lose in Afghanistan after supporting the resistance for over a decade. Islamabad had begun to lose grip on the resistance once Russians left. Mujahideen groups which had remained somewhat contained under a loose alliance during the Soviet occupation began to pull in opposing directions once Soviets left. Personal, tribal and ethnic rivalries began to take precedence over common military threat which was now seen to be diminishing. While communist regime remained in power in Kabul and continued to survive as well, each Mujahideen group especially the two powerful ones of Hekmatyar and Ahmad Shah Masood planned independent wars to take the city ahead of the other. US interest in Afghanistan had suddenly evaporated after Soviet withdrawal and they were not willing to get involved to clean up the mess. Pakistani leadership failed to analyse the situation and was too slow to react. Arrogance, ignorance and incompetence make deadly combination of foes for any project, let alone one of this magnitude. Hekmatyar was fully backed by Pakistan while Masood felt abandoned by Islamabad. He was bitter indeed. But Masood was a brilliant warrior and a survivor and had chalked out an independent strategy to take Kabul from North. If he could capture Kabul on his own and beat Hekmatyar to the race, Pakistan would be net loser on all counts. Also, that would irrevocably divide Afghanistan for all times to come on ethnic lines. If somehow, anyone could convince Islamabad to bring these two charismatic resistance leaders together and back both of them instead of one, Pakistan had the most brilliant chance of securing a permanent foothold in the country and also assure long term peace in this region after decades of
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wars and bloodshed. Masood would never listen to Pakistan ever again if he takes Kabul on his own without Islamabad's support. I needed to get back to Pakistan urgently. I could sense a disaster in the making. My own self began to melt as the intensity of thoughts and emotions was further heated by the rising warm sun. I picked up my camera, took few parting shots, lifted my gun and slowly began to walk towards the waiting rickety Russian jeep. It was time to go home but before that I wanted to take a closer look at the defeated Soviet army. I asked Najeem Khan to drive on the Afghan bank towards the Soviet border post nearby across the Oxus River……. ********************* Lots of water has passed under the bridge since my last and perhaps final visit to the Oxus in the territory controlled by Ahmad Shah Masood. He did capture Kabul next year, without Islamabad's support. Hekmatyar could never enter Kabul ever since. Few turbulent years of Masood in Kabul, gave rise to Taliban who in turn drove Masood out back to his fortress of Panjsher. Taliban emerged as wildcards in the Afghan imbroglio and took both Pakistan and Afghan Mujahideen leadership by surprise. They declared war on all former Mujahideen leaders, including Hekmatyar, Masood, Sayyaf, Rabbani, Mujaddidi and Pir Gilani for betraying the Jihad and infighting amongst themselves at a time when Pakistan was still betting on Hekmatyar. All Pakistan's hopes were dashed finally when even Hekmatyar was defeated by Taliban and had to abandon his base in Sarobi. Taliban were not created by Pakistan as widely believed, but were creation of chaotic circumstances in post Najeebullah era in Afghanistan. Why would Pakistan create Taliban when Islamabad was still putting all their eggs in basket of Hekmatyar to dislodge Masood from Kabul? Emergence of Taliban was a serious blow to Pakistan's retarded Afghan policy as well which was thrown into a tail spin when volatile Mullah Omar
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destroyed every Pakistani asset in his venom against former Afghan Jihad leadership. Pakistan was forced to engage Taliban later on but had no hand in creating them as widely perceived. Taliban were too wild and volatile to be controlled by anyone. No Pakistani religious party including the Jamaat Islami of Pakistan, which had always supported the Afghan Jihad since 1979, had any relations with Taliban when they rose from nowhere. Jamaat still does not have any relations with Taliban though they have also abandoned Hekmatyar these days. Qazi Hussein never speaks in favour of his life long friend Hekmatyar any more, who remains in hiding in Kunar province, abandoned both by his allies in Pakistan and his patron government in Islamabad. The Deobandi clergy, which claims to be champions of Taliban cause in Pakistan, began to support Taliban after they took power inAfghanistan. Then in 2001, Taliban too were over thrown by US, and Masood was assassinated by pro-Taliban Arabs. Afghanistan once again came under foreign occupation and they installed remnants of Masood's men and few imported Afghans like Karzai to replace the clerical regime. Another war of resistance has begun in the country. Taliban as well as Hekmatyar

have once again become resistance fighters, fighting against another foreign army and against their former allies during Soviet occupation. Now, Taliban and Hekmatyar have emerged as allies for common cause of survival. Both are angry with Pakistan. There is total chaos in the country with warlords and brigands controlling the countryside. Pakistan has emerged as the net loser in the whole episode. The pro-Masood elements controlling power in Kabul remain staunchly antiPakistan and have closest relations with India, Iran, US and Russia. For them, it is a blood feud now as they hold Pakistan responsible for death of Masood, when in reality Islamabad knew nothing about the Taliban/Osama plot to assassinate Masood. Afghan refugees still remain in Pakistan and have no plans to go back. Pakistan's western borders remain insecure. Nearly a hundred thousand Pakistani troops are stationed along Afghan border fighting an array of enemies from Taliban remnants to Arab militants to local tribal sympathisers to infiltrators sent from Kabul and India. It is not just complex, it is also dirty. My worst fears in 1991 have materialized. On my return to Pakistan, I could not convince Pakistan army to support Masood as well. They

did not believe me that he had the potential to take Kabul on his own. A blunder of historic proportions. Pakistan kept betting on the wrong horse in a race which had only two horses competing. In 1992, when Masood was the defence Minister in Kabul after taking over the city under Presidency of Ustad Rabbani, I tried one more last ditch effort to bridge the communication and confidence gap between Masood and Islamabad. That failed as well after showing some signs of hope. Pakistan's Afghan dreams were shattered and I was left heartbroken and have never gone to Afghanistan ever since. Much has happened in Pakistan also since that time. During the 90's, Governments came and went but there was no sense of loss or realization at the historic blunders. No government had any long term Afghan policy, nor there was any study and analysis of the debacles caused by the prejudices and incompetence of the Afghan war handlers. General Musharraf came in 1999 and inherited the Taliban legacy. Even he did not have any defined or declared Afghan policy at that time. It was all ad-hoc, reactive, based on daily basis doctrine of necessity. Even when there was a policy shift to finally abandon Taliban under US duress, Pakistan failed to take advantage of US desperation and its dependence upon Pakistan. The relationship was asymmetrical; in which US was the net gainer in the short term at the cost of moral, political and defence crisis for Pakistan. Taliban have now regrouped and are once again posing a real and close threat to US and its allied regime in Kabul. Soviets had nearly half a million troops in the country but could not tame it. Americans want to do the same with only 100,000 men on ground. A hopeless task to start with. It seems that it is only a matter of time when situation really gets out of control for Americans too. This is continuing to date as Afghanistan continues to boil and melt in the cauldron of history with no apparent hope for future. Within the region and in the Middle East also, there is massive

turmoil and unrest. After Afghanistan, United States, UK and their allies have invaded Iraq as well and are bogged in a bloody war with the Iraqi resistance. Iran and Syria are also on the collision course with Western powers. Saudi Arabia is facing the most severe internal turmoil within its 80 years of history. The entire Muslim world from West Africa to Indonesia is undergoing another invasion from the West which is military, economic and ideological at the same time with despair, hopelessness and frustration as well as humiliation and anger enveloping the Muslim world. In the absence of dignified religious and political leadership, Muslim world is passing through a critical time where its very survival as a civilization is threatened under massive invasion from the dominant western nations. The leadership vacuum is often being filled by radicals and extremists of all caste and creed in every part of the Muslim world. Some home grown, some planted form outside by vested interests. On the other civilizational axis, China is emerging as the main competitor for US after demise of Soviet Union, though Russia is not written off by any standards yet. The entireAsia and particularly the Muslim world have become the battle ground where major powers are competing for energy sources, trading routes, military bases and political control. India is taking a cautious view of this epic struggle and has designs of its own while other powers prepare for a showdown. Pakistan is the most powerful Muslim country but with the weakest leadership. It remains the prime target and the last hurdle in western attempts to totally overrun the Muslim heartland. But it is totally surrounded by enemies from three sides, while China remaining its only ally in a pond full of alligators. A sho wdow n o f civ ilizations is inevitable. Pakistan is trapped in the middle of it. Just like the people of Europe in late thirties, before the start of Second World War, the world seems to be heading for another world war in not so far future or at least a war in

which nuclear weapons would be freely used. ************** Today is 2010. I am almost 46 now with grey and white linings appearing in my hair and an uncontrollable waistline betraying the apparently younger appearance which I try to put up. The risk taking, troubles seeking, fiery, emotional exuberance of yesteryears have honourably given way to a comparatively mature, serious, philosophical and pondering person. I have begun to love solitude and find peace in reflecting in my inner self in the serene company of nature. I am a very satisfied person, very contented within myself and have no regrets. It is a good life God has blessed me with, both past and present. I hope, my future would be blessed as well. But more seriously, I am beginning to feel that in a few years, I may not even be having that sharp memory which had been such a loyal friend during this adventurous and exciting lifespan. Even now, events are beginning to blur and fuzz triggering the urgency within to write what had been hidden in my soul and heart for so long spread over the last two decades. I had never maintained any organized notes during my adventures and now find it even more difficult to recollect all what has gone by. Though I still have a huge collection of photographs and many hours of video footage which does make a historical and rare archive of that turbulent era. I am sure, inshallah, what I write would be honest enough not to betray the history and that I would be guided to be wise enough not to deceive myself. I am only writing about what I have seen and experienced during my association with Afghan resistance between 1986 to 1992, the events which led to the mess what we see today in 2010. It is by no account a total history of that period nor do I claim to be a historian or an accomplished writer. I am what God has made me and accept my limitations and weaknesses though it is my desire that the experience which has been shown to me, should benefit all those who seek to make amends of the historical mistakes committed
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during this period. This fact makes me very concerned indeed that this nation and its pygmy leaders do not wish to learn from their errors. Did Pakistanis learn from the errors which led to the East Pakistan debacle? Why Pakistan lost Masood after cultivating and nurturing him since 1975? Was he really anti-Pakistan or a victim of vested propaganda? Who are the characters within Pakistan establishment responsible for shaping this disastrous Afghan policy of Pakistan especially in early 90's? The players of yesteryears are still holding influence if not authority in the country today and may not like what I might have to say. Denial would be easiest of defence for them when there are no witnesses to corroborate the events in private rooms and dark alleys. Now when the world is being re-shaped and not just the politics but even the geography of the Muslim world is being changed with direct threats to Pakistan, the historical errors committed in Afghanistan and
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subsequently in Pakistan could prove disastrous. What I see is not pleasant but I would rather let future make them obvious for all to see than expressing them now. Right now, I only wish to write what has gone by. There are reasons why I could not get myself to recollect my thoughts earlier. From 1992 onwards, I was involved in a more private struggle to rebuild my life from scratch after years of nomadic wanderings and romanticism with travels, adventures and wars. I migrated from Karachi to Rawalpindi during this time and with a faithful wife to support and three loving kids to raise, it was time that I give them back their lost dad for a change. For years they had been on the knife edge due to my own passions and had taken the brunt silently and steadfastly. Financially, those were times of struggle for us. To increase the family income, I began to write on Afghanistan and some of the articles did get published in national papers. Though motive for getting them

published was more selfish than serving any higher ideals, it did give me a confidence boost that my travels are publishable and readable material. The thought of writing a proper compilation had been in my mind ever since. It has all happened in the last 24 years and to a small degree I was close enough to the events to witness them take shape. The events are still taking form rapidly as I sit back and finally decide to write. These are the observations, experiences and travels of a young man who happened to drift right into the eye of the storm and in the cauldron of history to witness some amazing events. Some painful, some heroic, some thrilling and some heart breaking but nevertheless part of the untold history. (To be continued)

Drone Attacks and National Sovereignty
By: Shehla Zafar
A lot has been said against American drone attacks as a violation of sovereignty of Pakistan but the issue is getting more intense by each passing day. When the US drones attack Pakistan's tribal areas, it is not just the ten, twenty or fifty innocent civilians they kill but it creates the anti-US sentiments in masses and a global feeling of disgust against US. Few stay mum and numb but there is large number of victims who vent their hatred very violently against US and its ally, Pakistan. US is insensitive to the fact that civilian killings in these drone attacks provides reason to the youngsters for joining terrorist groups waging war against US and of course Pakistan, for being its closest ally in war on terror. The drone strikes have pushed militants deeper into Pakistan and gave them an excuse to strike the heart of the country, further destabilizing it. No doubt drone attacks did kill some militants but at what cost? US killed several hundred innocent Pakistanis and few militants in the tribal region of Pakistan in drone attacks since 2004. Apart from ineffectiveness, legality of these attacks is another major issue. According to New America Foundation the drone war against Al Qaeda's leaders and, increasingly, their Pakistani-based Taliban allies has been waged with little public discussion or congressional investigation of its legality or efficacy. Current US leadership has not only continued the drone program but expanded it further. In 2007, there were three drone strikes in Pakistan, 34 in 2008, 53 in 2009 and more than 37 so far in 2010. One of the cruel facts former intelligence officials have acknowledged is that in many cases, the CIA had little information about those killed in the strikes. In January 2006, US attempted to kill Abu Khabab and Aiman Zawahiri through Drone attack when they were believed to be in Damadola, but instead killed 80 civilians, including half-dozen kids. Who is accountable for those killings? It is claimed by some US officials that the attacks on Pakistani civilians have been carried out on the request of Pakistani authorities or with their consent but the Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Pervez Kiyani has categorically said that there is no question of any agreement or understanding with the coalition forces whereby they are allowed to conduct operations on our side of the border. Even Asif Ali Zardari protested, "It's undermining my sovereignty, and it's not helping win the war on the hearts and minds of people." And, in January, Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani told media that there was no agreement between his government and the Americans to allow the strikes. Now CIA has been granted approval by the US government to expand drone strikes in other areas of Pakistan. Shuja Nawaz, the author of “Crossed Swords” says, "Any drone attack in provinces outside of the tribal regions would be disastrous, totally destroying the American relationship with the Pakistani army." Problems with drone attacks are not limited to civilian causalities but now this issue has started turning into a complete volcano for Pakistan's internal stability. Ideology of revenge
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is gripping the victims and those who are not in favor of any direct conflict with US are looking towards armed forces for a proper reply. CIA claims that drone attacks have killed ten of alQaeda's 20 top commanders. But what CIA doesn't tell the world is the fact that while killing those 10 militants, the US has murdered more than 1400 Pakistanis not involved in any terrorist or extremist activities. Could it not imply that it killed 10 militants and gave birth to another 1400? Lots of terrorists, who CIA believed, would have been killed in these attacks are still alive in actuality and waging a ruthless propaganda war inside the country against armed forces being complicit in these drone attacks. A notable thing is that Chief of the Pakistan Air Force announced that his force has capability to strike down the US drones and can do so if government directs him to. Public pressure on government is mounting through more. media and civil society in this regard If Pakistan decides to strike and recent surge in drone attacks down every US drone in the future, would increase this pressure even what would US do? Situation has already gone out of control for US inAfghanistan now and US is forced to engage Taliban through negotiations. Any decision by US to attack Pakistan in retaliation would be disastrous for US interests. China and Iran would never like US presence in another neighboring country so they won't sit quietly. Russians would have the best opportunity to avenge obviously. American public would definitely stand against its own government, this time more aggressively due to poor economy. In above mentioned situation Pakistan can make the life of Americans in Afghanistan a lot difficult and can force US administration to reconsider their drone war in Pakistani tribal areas, only reason why this is not happening right now is presence of a weak, inept and pro-US government in Islamabad. Looking at internal politics and ever mounting
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public pressure against US drone attacks in Pakistan it would be prudent to assume that political situation would not remain the same in near future. Current corrupt government has even failed to send a strong message that US must refrain itself from violating Pakistan's Air space as tolerance level against drone attacks in Pakistani masses is reaching its critical thresh hold. CIA is pursuing agenda assigned by US administration to protect its own interests and it would continue what it is doing right now with Pakistan's sovereignty. Question is when Islamabad would realize that it is failing miserably in protecting its citizen and interests? Only workable solutions that guarantees accurate drone strikes is to transfer the drone technology to the Pakistani forces so that Pakistani forces can enhance their operational capabilities without creating anti-American sentiments in the local masses otherwise US must get ready to face the consequences in Afghanistan by victims and their heirs and must forget about winning hearts and minds of Afghan or Pakistani people.

KASHMIR
Paradise turned Slaughterhouse
A land of beautiful snowcapped valleys, lush green hills and magical environ; unfortunately, Kashmir has been an irony of geostrategic crises in Asia, just as Palestine is for the Middle-East. When the British sold it to the Sikh Dogra royalty under the aegis of Gulab Singh for a mere 75 lakh rupees, it is from then on that the people of Kashmir started to resist and eventually avenge the oppression of the foreign rulers on their priceless land. It is fascinating that despite being under Sikh control, the occupied territory was heavily under the clutches of the radical Hindu diplomats also. It was a result of the Dogra Raj's coordination with the Patiala State Army headed by an Indian General that the Hindu militant group RSS managed to set foot there and start the continuous ethniccleansing of Muslims, who are the majority of the population there. History is a witness that only in the initial stages before independence, more than 500,000+ innocent Muslims were suppressed. Men and children killed, women kidnapped, raped and elders tortured to death. During migration to Pakistan in 1947, nearly 300,000 people were massacred in cold blood. About 237,000 Muslims have been documented to be killed during migration to Pakistan by the Jammu military army.The editor of "Statesman" Ian Stephen, in his book "Horned Moon" wrote that till the end of autumn 1947, more than 200,000 Muslims were assassinated. Many historians rightly dub the decades-old persistent Kashmir genocide at the hands of the Indians as a “Subcontinental Holocaust”. The con dition further deteriorated and the havoc on Kashmiri Muslims further increased post-1947, when despite the Muslim citizens' ardent desire to get Kashmir acceded to the newly-formed state of Pakistan (who were the majority of the people during the time), the Dogra Raj called in the Indian Army to counter the local pressure. It is also noteworthy to mention Mr. Cyril Radcliffe's bias towards the Hindus here, when he got Gurdaspur annexed as an Indian district, which is the only entrance for the Indians to Kashmir. The main water headworks for the Pakistani extensions of Ravi, Bias and Sutlej are located in Gurdaspur and Ferozepur districts in India. The high state of treason from the British could not be termed as unexpected. It seems as a planned attempt to get Pakistan dependent on India in the coming times on the provision of water. The British, in communion with the Congress, were successful in gaining full control over Pakistan's

By: Zaki Khalid
water supplies. The accession of Kashmir would not only have proven as another fatal blow to the radical Hindutva ideology that their “Akhand Bharat” had been sliced up yet again. The most important forced suppression of Kashmir via statesponsored terrorism is the control over water supplies to Pakistan. India is waging a silent but openly visible hydrological war with Pakistan using Kashmir as a proxy. In this process, millions of Kashmiri Muslims are suffering since generations. From Sheikh Abdullah to Omar Abdullah, these few lapdogs have been wagging their tails in the Congress and Lok Sabha courtrooms to gain fame and fortune, compromising their Muslim dignity and honour in the whole process and giving practically no damn about the millions of downtrodden yet hopeful people they hail from. It is these “ leaders ” and so-called “representatives” of the terrorized Jammu and Kashmir Muslims that have been at the core of messing up the frequent attempts to solve the dispute once and for all. To counter the increasing Chinese influential onslaught in the region, India considers Kashmir as a very vital barrier for possible confrontation. This has also been
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affirmed by Shri M.C. Shagla in his autobiography, who was the Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court during partition era and later Ambassdor to the US. He says "Politically a new dimension to the problem had been added by the collusion between Pakistan and China against India. Kashmir was our lifeline for the defence of our country against possible Chinese aggression in the north-west, and it would be national suicide on our part to give up that life-line." He goes on to allege "To Pakistan everything is communal. She cannot understand how Hindus and Muslims can live peacefully in Kashmir and have best of relations.” If the author were alive today, someone should have shown him the recent statistics according to which, approximately 93,209 Kashmiris have been ruthlessly butchered at the hands of the Indian Border Security Force between Jan. 1989 to Apr. 30, 2010 alone. No matter how much Indians keep ranting that Muslims and Hindus can “co-exist peacefully” in Kashmir (and subsequently elsewhere in India),
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the facts and figures will always speak f o r t h e m s e l v e s . To d a y, t h e international community acknowledges the Indian hegemony in Kashmir when recently the Canadian high commission in India refused a visa to Fateh Singh Pandher, a retired BSF constable, on grounds that he was associated with a 'notoriously violent force'. The Quaid-e-Azam had a foresight when it came to Kashmir. In his own words: 'Kashmir is the lifeline of Pakistan and any imposed solution would not be acceptable to P akistanis and Kashmiris.’ Kashmir is indeed our lifeline. Our water emanates from there. Kashmiri brothers and sisters have sacrificed thousands and millions of their lives since the beginning of the 20th century to attain independence from Hindu clutches. The logical reasons why Kashmir is rightfully a part of Pakistan: The majority of the population comprises of Muslims. If indeed India was right in its claims, why were the

RSS and Indian Army deployed at Kashmir in the first place just like they were in Hyderabad (Deccan) when the Nawab of Oudh wished to accede to Pakistan? The source of waters flowing · in Pakistan's rivers lies in Kashmir. Pakistan has always called for · the people of Kashmir to be given free and fair opportunities to voice their opinion in favour of either country. Everyday killings, rapes, torture and abuse by Indian Army are selfshouting facts that India is forcing Kashmiris to give in to nefarious motives. On top of which is the need to maintain a geographical foothold near Chinese borders and subdue Pakistan by blocking its water supplies. India has always given a deaf ear to Pakistan and the People of Kashmir's repeated calls to settle this affair properly. India should better come to the table to talk before the case is settled in the field. ............................

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