AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 1

Theinformationcontainedinthisdocumentissubjecttochangewithoutnotice.
Ansoftmakesnowarrantyofanykindwithregardtothismaterial,including,
butnotlimitedto,theimpliedwarrantiesofmerchantabilityandfitnessfora
particularpurpose.Ansoftshallnotbeliableforerrorscontainedhereinorfor
incidentalorconsequentialdamagesinconnectionwiththefurnishing,performance,
oruseofthismaterial.
© 2005AnsoftCorporation.Allrightsreserved.
AnsoftCorporation
225WestStationSquareDrive
Suite200
Pittsburgh,PA15219
USA
Phone: Phone: Phone: Phone:412-261-3200
Fax: Fax: Fax: Fax:412-471-9427
HFSSandOptimetricsareregisteredtrademarksortrademarksofAnsoftCorporation.
Allothertrademarksarethepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners.
Neweditionsofthismanualwillincorporateallmaterialupdatedsincetheprevious
edition.Themanualprintingdate,whichindicatesthemanual’scurrent
edition,changeswhenaneweditionisprinted.Minorcorrectionsandupdates
whichareincorporatedatreprintdonotcausethedatetochange.
Updatepackagesmaybeissuedbetweeneditionsandcontainadditionaland/or
replacementpagestobemergedintothemanualbytheuser.Note thatpages
whicharerearrangedduetochangesonapreviouspagearenotconsideredto
berevised.
Edition: Edition: Edition: Edition:REV1.0
Date: Date: Date: Date:03October2007
SoftwareVersion: SoftwareVersion: SoftwareVersion: SoftwareVersion:11.0
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 2
Examples- Contents
Introduction
Chapter5.0– AntennaExamples
5.1– UHFProbe
5.2– CircularWaveguideHorn
5.3– ProbeFeedPatch
5.4– SlotCoupledPatch
5.5– Endfire Array
Chapter6.0– MicrowaveExamples
6.1– MagicT
6.2– CoaxBend
6.3– RingHybrid
6.4– CoaxStub
IncludesOptimetrics Example
6.5– Microstrip - WavePorts
IncludesOptimetrics Example
Chapter7.0– FilterExamples
7.1– Bandpass Filter
Chapter8.0– SignalIntegrityExamples
8.1a– LVDSDifferentialPair
IncludesOptimetrics Example
8.1b– LVDSDifferentialPairTransientSimulation(AnsoftDesigner)
8.2a– SegmentedReturnPath
8.2b– SegmentedReturnPathTDR(AnsoftDesigner)
8.3– Non-IdealPlanes
8.4– ReturnPath
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 3
AnsoftHFSSFundamentals
WhatisHFSS?
HFSSisahigh-performancefull-waveelectromagnetic(EM)fieldsimulatorfor
arbitrary3Dvolumetricpassivedevicemodelingthattakesadvantageofthe
familiarMicrosoftWindowsgraphicaluserinterface.Itintegratessimulation,
visualization,solidmodeling,andautomationinaneasy-to-learnenvironment
wheresolutionstoyour3DEMproblemsarequicklyandaccuratelyobtained.
AnsoftHFSSemploystheFiniteElementMethod(FEM),adaptivemeshing,and
brilliantgraphicstogiveyouunparalleledperformanceandinsighttoallofyour
3DEMproblems.AnsoftHFSScanbeusedtocalculateparameters suchasS-
Parameters,ResonantFrequency,andFields.Typicalusesinclude:
PackageModeling – BGA,QFP,Flip-Chip
PCBBoardModeling – Power/Groundplanes,MeshGridGrounds,
Backplanes
Silicon/GaAs - SpiralInductors,Transformers
EMC/EMI– ShieldEnclosures,Coupling,Near- orFar-FieldRadiation
Antennas/MobileCommunications – Patches,Dipoles,Horns,Conformal
CellPhoneAntennas,Quadrafilar Helix,SpecificAbsorptionRate(SAR),
InfiniteArrays,RadarCrossSection(RCS),FrequencySelective
Surfaces(FSS)
Connectors – Coax,SFP/XFP,Backplane,Transitions
Waveguide – Filters,Resonators,Transitions,Couplers
Filters – CavityFilters,Microstrip,Dielectric
HFSSisaninteractivesimulationsystemwhosebasicmeshelementisa
tetrahedron.Thisallowsyoutosolveanyarbitrary3Dgeometry,especiallythose
withcomplexcurvesandshapes,inafractionofthetimeitwouldtakeusing
othertechniques.
ThenameHFSSstandsforHighFrequencyStructureSimulator.Ansoft
pioneeredtheuseoftheFiniteElementMethod(FEM)forEMsimulationby
developing/implementingtechnologiessuchastangentialvectorfiniteelements,
adaptivemeshing,andAdaptiveLanczos-Pade Sweep(ALPS).Today,HFSS
continuestoleadtheindustrywithinnovationssuchasModes-to-NodesandFull-
WaveSpice™.
AnsoftHFSShasevolvedoveraperiodofyearswithinputfrommanyusersand
industries.Inindustry,AnsoftHFSSisthetoolofchoiceforhigh-productivity
research,development,andvirtualprototyping.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 4
InstallingtheAnsoftHFSSSoftware
SystemRequirements
Forup-to-dateinformation,refertotheHFSSInstallationGuide
InstallingtheAnsoftHFSSSoftware
Forup-to-dateinformation,refertotheHFSSInstallationGuide
StartingAnsoftHFSS
1. ClicktheMicrosoftStart Start Start Start button,selectPrograms Programs Programs Programs,andselecttheAnsoft,HFSS11 Ansoft,HFSS11 Ansoft,HFSS11 Ansoft,HFSS11
programgroup.ClickHFSS11 HFSS11 HFSS11 HFSS11.
2. 2. 2. 2. Or Or Or OrDoubleclickontheHFSS11iconontheWindowsDesktop
NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE:YoushouldmakebackupcopiesofallHFSSprojectscreatedwitha
previousversionofthesoftwarebeforeopeningtheminHFSSv11
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 5
ConvertingOlderFiles
ConvertingOlderHFSSfiletoHFSSv11
BecauseofchangestotheHFSSfileswiththedevelopmentofHFSSv11,
openingaHFSSdocumentfromanearlierreleasemaytakemoretimethanyou
areusedtoexperiencing.However,oncethefilehasbeenopenedandsaved,
subsequentopeningtimewillreturntonormal
AnsoftHFSSv11providesawayforyoutoautomaticallyconvertyourHFSS
projectsfromanearlierversiontotheHFSSv11format.
ToaccessHFSSprojectsinanearlierversion.
FromHFSSv11 FromHFSSv11 FromHFSSv11 FromHFSSv11,
1. SelectthemenuitemFile>Open File>Open File>Open File>Open
2. Opendialog
1. FilesofType:AnsoftHFSSProjectFiles(. AnsoftHFSSProjectFiles(. AnsoftHFSSProjectFiles(. AnsoftHFSSProjectFiles(.hfss hfss hfss hfss) )) )
2. Browsetotheexistingprojectandselectthe.hfss file
3. ClicktheOpen Open Open Open button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 6
GettingHelp
GettingHelp
IfyouhaveanyquestionswhileyouareusingAnsoftHFSSyoucanfindanswers
inseveralways:
AnsoftHFSSOnlineHelp AnsoftHFSSOnlineHelp AnsoftHFSSOnlineHelp AnsoftHFSSOnlineHelp providesassistancewhileyouareworking.
Togethelpaboutaspecific,activedialogbox,clicktheHelp Help Help Help button
inthedialogboxorpresstheF1 F1 F1 F1 key.
Selectthemenuitem Help>Contents Help>Contents Help>Contents Help>Contents toaccesstheonlinehelp
system.
Tooltip Tooltip Tooltip Tooltipsareavailabletoprovideinformationabouttoolsonthe
toolbarsordialogboxes.Whenyouholdthepointeroveratool fora
brieftime,atooltipappearstodisplaythenameofthetool.
Asyoumovethepointeroveratoolorclickamenuitem,theStatus Status Status Status
Bar Bar Bar Bar atthebottomoftheAnsoftHFSSwindowprovidesabrief
descriptionofthefunctionofthetoolormenuitem.
TheAnsoftHFSSGettingStartedguideprovidesdetailed
informationaboutusingHFSStocreateandsolve3DEMprojects.
AnsoftTechnicalSupport AnsoftTechnicalSupport AnsoftTechnicalSupport AnsoftTechnicalSupport
TocontactAnsofttechnicalsupportstaffinyourgeographicalarea,
pleaselogontotheAnsoftcorporatewebsite,www.ansoft.com and
selectContact Contact Contact Contact.
YourAnsoftsalesengineermayalsobecontactedinorderto
obtainthisinformation.
VisitingtheAnsoftWebSite
IfyourcomputerisconnectedtotheInternet,youcanvisitthe AnsoftWebsiteto
learnmoreabouttheAnsoftcompanyandproducts.
FromtheAnsoftDesktop
Selectthemenuitem Help>AnsoftCorporateWebsite Help>AnsoftCorporateWebsite Help>AnsoftCorporateWebsite Help>AnsoftCorporateWebsite toaccess
theOnlineTechnicalSupport(OTS)system.
FromyourInternetbrowser
Visitwww.ansoft.com
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 7
GettingHelp
ForTechnicalSupport
ThefollowinglinkwilldirectyoutotheAnsoftSupportPage.TheAnsoftSupport
Pagesprovideadditionaldocumentation,training,andapplicationnotes.
WebSite:http://www.ansoft.com/support.cfm
TechnicalSupport:
9-4EST:
Pittsburgh,PA Pittsburgh,PA Pittsburgh,PA Pittsburgh,PA
(412)261-3200x0– AskforTechnicalSupport
Burlington,MA Burlington,MA Burlington,MA Burlington,MA
(781)229-8900x0– AskforTechnicalSupport
9-4PST:
SanJose,CA SanJose,CA SanJose,CA SanJose,CA
(408)261-9095x0– AskforTechnicalSupport
Portland,OR Portland,OR Portland,OR Portland,OR
(503)906-7944
Irvine,CA Irvine,CA Irvine,CA Irvine,CA
(714)417-9311x6
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8
WebUpdate
WebUpdate
ThisfeatureallowsyoutoupdateanyexistingAnsoftsoftwarefromthe
WebUpdate window.Thisfeatureautomaticallyscansyoursystemtofindany
Ansoftsoftware,andthenallowsyoutodownloadanyupdatesiftheyare
available.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 9
AnsoftTerms
AnsoftTerms
TheAnsoftHFSSwindowhasseveraloptionalpanels:
AProjectManager ProjectManager ProjectManager ProjectManager whichcontainsadesigntreewhichliststhestructureof
theproject.
AMessageManager MessageManager MessageManager MessageManager thatallowsyoutoviewanyerrorsorwarningsthat
occurbeforeyoubeginasimulation.
APropertyWindow PropertyWindow PropertyWindow PropertyWindow thatdisplaysandallowsyoutochangemodel
parametersorattributes.
AProgressWindow ProgressWindow ProgressWindow ProgressWindow thatdisplayssolutionprogress.
A3DModelerWindow 3DModelerWindow 3DModelerWindow 3DModelerWindow whichcontainsthemodelandmodeltreeforthe
activedesign.Formoreinformationaboutthe3DModelerWindow, see
chapter1.
Menu
bar
Progress
Window
PropertyWindow
Message
Manager
Project
Manager
withproject
tree
Status
bar
3DModeler
Window
Toolbars
CoordinateEntryFields
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 10
AnsoftTerms
ProjectManager
Project
Design
DesignResults
DesignSetup
DesignAutomation
•Parametric
•Optimization
•Sensitivity
•Statistical
ProjectManagerWindow
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 11
AnsoftTerms
PropertyWindow
PropertyWindow
Propertytabs
Property
buttons
Property
table
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 12
AnsoftTerms
Ansoft3DModeler
Edge
Vertex
Plane
CoordinateSystem(CS)
Origin
Face
Model
3DModelerWindow
Graphics
area
Model
3DModeler
designtree
Contextmenu
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 13
AnsoftTerms
3DModelerDesignTree
GroupedbyMaterial GroupedbyMaterial GroupedbyMaterial GroupedbyMaterial
ObjectView ObjectView ObjectView ObjectView
Material
Object
ObjectCommandHistory
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 14
DesignWindows
DesignWindows
IntheAnsoftHFSSDesktop,eachprojectcanhavemultipledesignsandeach
designisdisplayedinaseparatewindow.
Youcanhavemultipleprojectsanddesignwindowsopenatthesametime.
Also,youcanhavemultipleviewsofthesamedesignvisibleatthesametime.
Toarrangethewindows,youcandragthembythetitlebar,andresizethemby
draggingacornerorborder.Also,youcanselectoneofthefollowingmenu
options:Window>Cascade Window>Cascade Window>Cascade Window>Cascade,Window>TileVertically Window>TileVertically Window>TileVertically Window>TileVertically,orWindow>Tile Window>Tile Window>Tile Window>Tile
Horizontally. Horizontally. Horizontally. Horizontally.
ToorganizeyourAnsoftHFSSwindow,youcaniconizeopendesigns.Clickthe
Iconize**symbolintheupperrightcornerofthedocumentborder.Anicon
appearsinthelowerpartoftheAnsoftHFSSwindow.Iftheiconisnotvisible,it
maybebehindanotheropendocument.Resizeanyopendocumentsas
necessary.SelectthemenuitemWindow>ArrangeIcons Window>ArrangeIcons Window>ArrangeIcons Window>ArrangeIcons toarrangethemat
thebottomoftheAnsoftHFSSwindow.
SelectthemenuitemWindow>CloseAll Window>CloseAll Window>CloseAll Window>CloseAll tocloseallopendesign.Youare
promptedtoSave Save Save Save unsaveddesigns.
Designicons
Iconize
Symbol
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 15
Toolbars
Toolbars
Thetoolbarbuttonsareshortcutsforfrequentlyusedcommands. Mostofthe
availabletoolbarsaredisplayedinthisillustrationoftheAnsoftHFSSinitial
screen,butyourAnsoftHFSSwindowprobablywillnotbearrangedthisway.
Youcancustomizeyourtoolbardisplayinawaythatisconvenientforyou.
Sometoolbarsarealwaysdisplayed;othertoolbarsdisplayautomaticallywhen
youselectadocumentoftherelatedtype.Forexample,whenyouselecta2D
reportfromtheprojecttree,the2Dreporttoolbardisplays.
Todisplayorhideindividualtoolbars:
Right-clicktheAnsoftHFSSwindowframe.
Alistofallthetoolbarsisdisplayed.Thetoolbarswithacheckmark
besidethemarevisible;thetoolbarswithoutacheckmarkarehidden.
Clickthetoolbarnametoturnitsdisplayonoroff
Tomakechangestothetoolbars,selectthemenuitemTools>Customize Tools>Customize Tools>Customize Tools>Customize.See
CustomizeandArrangeToolbars CustomizeandArrangeToolbars CustomizeandArrangeToolbars CustomizeandArrangeToolbars onthe
nextpage.
Toolbars
AnsoftHFSS
panels
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 16
Toolbars
CustomizeandArrangeToolbars
Tocustomizetoolbars:
SelectthemenuitemTools>Customize, Tools>Customize, Tools>Customize, Tools>Customize, orright-clicktheAnsoftHFSS
windowframeandclickCustomize Customize Customize Customize atthebottomofthetoolbarlist.
IntheCustomizedialog,youcandothefollowing:
ViewaDescriptionofthetoolbarcommands ViewaDescriptionofthetoolbarcommands ViewaDescriptionofthetoolbarcommands ViewaDescriptionofthetoolbarcommands
1. SelectanitemfromtheComponentpull-downlist
2. SelectanitemfromtheCategorylist
3. UsingthemouseclickontheButtonstodisplaythe
Description
4. ClicktheClose Close Close Close buttonwhenyouarefinished
Togglethevisibilityoftoolbars Togglethevisibilityoftoolbars Togglethevisibilityoftoolbars Togglethevisibilityoftoolbars
1. FromtheToolbarlist,togglethecheckboxestocontrolthe
visibilityofthetoolbars
2. ClicktheClose Close Close Close buttonwhenyouarefinished
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 17
Overview
AnsoftHFSSDesktop
TheAnsoftHFSSDesktopprovidesanintuitive,easy-to-useinterfacefor
developingpassiveRFdevicemodels.Creatingdesigns,involves thefollowing:
1. 1. 1. 1. ParametricModelGeneration ParametricModelGeneration ParametricModelGeneration ParametricModelGeneration – creatingthegeometry,boundariesand
excitations
2. 2. 2. 2. AnalysisSetup AnalysisSetup AnalysisSetup AnalysisSetup– definingsolutionsetupandfrequencysweeps
3. 3. 3. 3. Results Results Results Results – creating2Dreportsandfieldplots
4. 4. 4. 4. SolveLoop SolveLoop SolveLoop SolveLoop - thesolutionprocessisfullyautomated
Tounderstandhowtheseprocessesco-exist,examinetheillustrationshown
below.
Design Design Design Design
SolutionType SolutionType SolutionType SolutionType
1.1.Boundaries 1.1.Boundaries 1.1.Boundaries 1.1.Boundaries
1.2.Excitations 1.2.Excitations 1.2.Excitations 1.2.Excitations
4.1Mesh 4.1Mesh 4.1Mesh 4.1Mesh
Operations Operations Operations Operations
2.Analysis 2.Analysis 2.Analysis 2.Analysis
SolutionSetup
FrequencySweep
1.ParametricModel 1.ParametricModel 1.ParametricModel 1.ParametricModel
Geometry/Materials
3.Results 3.Results 3.Results 3.Results
2DReports
Fields
Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
Refinement Refinement Refinement Refinement
Solve Solve Solve Solve
Update Update Update Update
Converged Converged Converged Converged
Analyze Analyze Analyze Analyze
Finished Finished Finished Finished
4.SolveLoop 4.SolveLoop 4.SolveLoop 4.SolveLoop
NO NO NO NO
YES YES YES YES
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 18
OpeningaDesign
OpeningaHFSSproject
Thissectiondescribeshowtoopenaneworexistingproject.
OpeningaNewproject OpeningaNewproject OpeningaNewproject OpeningaNewproject
Toopenanewproject: Toopenanewproject: Toopenanewproject: Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>New File>New File>New File>New.
2. SelectthemenuProject> Project> Project> Project> InsertHFSSDesign InsertHFSSDesign InsertHFSSDesign InsertHFSSDesign. .. .
OpeninganExistingHFSSproject OpeninganExistingHFSSproject OpeninganExistingHFSSproject OpeninganExistingHFSSproject
Toopenanexistingproject: Toopenanexistingproject: Toopenanexistingproject: Toopenanexistingproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,
selectthemenuFile>Open File>Open File>Open File>Open.
UsetheOpendialogtoselect
theproject.
2. ClickOpen Open Open Open toopentheproject
OpeninganExistingProjectfromExplorer OpeninganExistingProjectfromExplorer OpeninganExistingProjectfromExplorer OpeninganExistingProjectfromExplorer
YoucanopenaprojectdirectlyfromtheMicrosoftWindowsExplorer.
ToopenaprojectfromWindowsExplorer,dooneofthefollowing ToopenaprojectfromWindowsExplorer,dooneofthefollowing ToopenaprojectfromWindowsExplorer,dooneofthefollowing ToopenaprojectfromWindowsExplorer,dooneofthefollowing: :: :
Double-clickonthenameoftheprojectinWindowsExplorer.
Right-clickthenameoftheprojectinWindowsExplorerandselect
Open Open Open Open fromtheshortcutmenu.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 19
SetSolutionType
SetSolutionType
ThissectiondescribeshowtosettheSolutionType.TheSolutionTypedefines
thetypeofresults,howtheexcitationsaredefined,andtheconvergence.The
followingSolutionTypesareavailable:
1. 1. 1. 1. DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal - calculatesthemodal-basedS-parameters.TheS-matrix
solutionswillbeexpressedintermsoftheincidentandreflectedpowersof
waveguidemodes.
2. 2. 2. 2. DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal - calculatestheterminal-basedS-parametersofmulti-
conductortransmissionlineports.TheS-matrixsolutionswillbeexpressed
intermsofterminalvoltagesandcurrents.
3. 3. 3. 3. Eignemode Eignemode Eignemode Eignemode – calculatetheeigenmodes,orresonances,ofastructure.The
Eigenmodesolverfindstheresonantfrequenciesofthestructure andthe
fieldsatthoseresonantfrequencies.
Convergence
DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal – DeltaSformodalS-Parameters.Thiswastheonly
convergencemethodavailableforDrivenSolutionsinpreviousversions.
DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal – DeltaSforthesingle-endedordifferentialnodalS-
Parameters.
Eigenmode Eigenmode Eigenmode Eigenmode - DeltaF
Tosetthesolutiontype: Tosetthesolutiontype: Tosetthesolutiontype: Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType HFSS>SolutionType HFSS>SolutionType HFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. Chooseoneofthefollowing:
1. 1. 1. 1. DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal
2. 2. 2. 2. DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal
3. 3. 3. 3. Eigenmode Eigenmode Eigenmode Eigenmode
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
THlSPAGElNTENTlONALYLEFTBLANK
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 1
Chapter5.0
Chapter5.0– AntennaExamples
5.1– UHFProbe
5.2– CircularWaveguideHorn
5.3– ProbeFeedPatch
5.4– SlotCoupledPatch
5.5– Endfire Array
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-1 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
TheUltra-HighFrequency(UHF)Probe
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzea
UHFprobe,usingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-2 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
AnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironmentare usedto
createthispassivedevicemodel
3DSolidModeling
Primitives:Cylinders,Boxes
BooleanOperations:Unite,Subtract
Boundaries/Excitations
Ports: WavePorts
Analysis
Sweep:FastFrequency
Results
Cartesianplotting
FieldOverlays:
3DFarFieldPlots
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-3 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordatainputwhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. ModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-4 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,or
selectthemenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-5 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:in(inches)
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typecopper intheSearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-6 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatingAnnularRings
Creatingaringisaccomplishedbycreatingacylinderthatrepresentstheouter
radiusandacylinderthatrepresentstheinnerradius.ByperformingaBoolean
subtraction,theresultinggeometryisaring.
Forthismodel,twosetsofringsarenecessary.Insteadofmanuallycreating
bothrings,wewillcreateonering,copyit,andeditthedimensionsofthecopy.
CreateRing1
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.31,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:5.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:ring_inner
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.OrpresstheCTRL+D
key
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-7 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatingAnnularRings(Continued)
CreateRing1(Continued)
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.37,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:5.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:ring_1
3. ClicktheOK button
Toselectobjectstobesubtracted:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:ring_1,ring_inner
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tosubtract:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Boolean>Subtract
2. SubtractWindow
BlankParts:ring_1
ToolParts:ring_inner
Clonetoolobjectsbeforesubtract:† Unchecked
ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-8 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatingAnnularRings(Continued)
CreateRing2
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:ring_1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Copy
4. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Paste
ChangethedimensionsofRing2
1. Tochangethedimensionsofring_2,expandthemodeltreeasshown
below.Itshouldbenotedthatorderoftheeditingisimportant.Ifyoumake
theinnerradius>thentheouterradius,ainvalidobjectwillresultanditwill
beremovedfromthemodel.
2. Usingthemouse,doubleclicktheleftmousebuttonontheCreateCylinder
commandforring_2
3. Propertiesdialog
1. Changetheradiusto:0.5in
2. ClicktheOK button
4. Usingthemouse,doubleclicktheleftmousebuttonontheCreateCylinder
commandforthering_inner1
5. Propertiesdialog
1. Changetheradiusto:0.435in
2. ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-9 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateArm_1
TocreateArm_1
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-0.1,Y:-0.31,Z:5.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:0.2,dY:-4.69,dZ:-0.065,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Arm_1
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.OrpresstheCTRL+D
key.
GroupConductors
Togrouptheconductors:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key
2. Selectthemenuitem,Modeler>Boolean>Unite
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-10 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatetheCenterpin
Tocreatethecenterpin
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.1,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:5.1,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:center_pin
3. ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-11 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateArm_2
TocreateArm_2
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-0.1,Y:0.0,Z:5.1,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:0.2,dY:5.0,dZ:-0.065,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Arm_2
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-12 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatetheGroundingPin
Tocreatethegroundingpin
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:1.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.0625,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0, PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:5.1,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:pin
3. ClicktheOK button
GroupConductors
Togrouptheconductors:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Arm_2,center_pin,pin
Note: UsetheCtrl+Leftmousebuttontoselectmultiple
objects
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. Selectthemenuitem,Modeler>Boolean>Unite
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-13 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatetheWaveport
Tocreateacirclethatrepresentstheport:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Circle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradiusofthecircle:
dX:0.31,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0, PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:p1
3. ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-14 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
CreateAir
TocreateAir
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-5.0,Y:-10.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:10.0,dY:20.0,dZ:12.0, PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Air
3. SettheDisplayWireframe optionto; Checked
4. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CreateRadiationBoundary
Tocreatearadiationboundary
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces
2. WhileholdingtheCTRLkey,selectallofthefacesoftheAirvacuum
objectexcept thefaceontheXYplane.Usetherotatebuttoninbetween
selectionstoaccessthebacksidefaces.
3. Oncethe5facesareselected,gotothemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries
>Assign>Radiation
4. RadiationBoundarywindow
1. Name:Rad1
2. ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-15 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateWavePortExcitation1(Continued)
Toselecttheobjectp1:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:p1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Toassignwaveportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
2. PlaceArm_2intheConductingObject listandring_1 intheReference
Conductorlist
3. ClicktheOK button
RenametheWavePortandTerminal
1. DoubleclickonWavePort1 underExcitations intheprojecttree.
2. Renametheporttop1
3. ClicktheOK button
4. DoubleclickontheterminalnamedArm_2_T1
5. RenametheterminaltoT1
6. ClicktheOKbutton
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-16 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateInfiniteGroundPlane
TocreateanInfiniteground
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces
2. GraphicallyselectthefaceoftheAirobjectatZ=0
3. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries>Assign>FiniteConductivity
4. FiniteConductivityBoundarywindow
1. Name:gnd_plane
2. UseMaterial:; Checked
3. Clickthevacuum button
4. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typecopper intheSearch
byName field
2. ClicktheOK button
5. InfiniteGroundPlane:; Checked
6. ClicktheOK button
CreateaRadiationSetup
Todefinetheradiationsetup
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Radiation>InsertFarFieldSetup>Infinite
Sphere
2. FarFieldRadiationSphereSetupdialog
1. InfiniteSphere Tab
1. Name:ff_2d
2. Phi:(Start:0,Stop:90,StepSize:90)
3. Theta:(Start:-180,Stop:180,StepSize:2)
2. ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-17 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
AddLengthBasedMeshOperationtotheRadiationBoundary
Farfieldsarecalculatedbyintegratingthefieldsontheradiationsurface.To
obtainaccuratefarfieldsforantennaproblems,theintegration surfaceshouldbe
forcedtohaveaλ/6toλ/8maximumtetrahedra length.
Tocreatealengthbasedseedontheradiationboundary:
SelecttheAir objectbyleftclickingitinthedrawingwindow
WhiletheAirobjectisselected,movethemousetotheprojecttreeand
rightclickonMeshOperations >Assign>OnSelection>LengthBased
Name:LengthOnRadiation
MaximumLengthofElements:3.5in(thisisaboutλ/6 at0.55GHz)
ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-18 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:0.55GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:10
MaximumDeltaSperPass:0.02
2. ClicktheOptions tab:
EnableIterativeSolver:; Checked
3. MaximumClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddFrequencySweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Fast
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearCount
Start: 0.35GHz
Stop:0.75GHz
Count:401
SaveFields: ; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-19 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_uhf_probe
3. ClicktheSave button
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-20 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
ToviewtheMeshStatistics:
1. ClicktheMeshStatistics Tab.
2. ClicktheClose button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-21 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateReports
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlot- Magnitude
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolution
DataReport>RectangularPlot
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. Category: TerminalSParameter
4. Quantity:St(T1,T1)
5. Function:dB
6. ClicktheNewReport button
7. ClicktheClose button
Changethex-axislabelsettings:
1. Doubleclickonthenumbersontheplot’sx-axistobringupthe
propertieswindow
2. ChangetheNumberFormat fromAuto to Decimal
3. ChangetheFieldPrecision from2 to0
4. ClicktheOK button
5.1
Example– UHFProbe
5.1-22 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
FarFieldOverlays
CreateFarFieldOverlay
Tocreatea2Dpolarfarfieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateFarFieldsReport>
RadiationPattern
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. Geometry: ff_2d
3. IntheTracetab
1. Category:Gain
2. Quantity:GainTotal
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheNewReport button
5. ClicktheClose button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-1 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
DualModeConicalHorn
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzea
waveguidehornantennausingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-2 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
AnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment areusedto
createthispassivedevicemodel:
3DSolidModeling
Primitives:Cylinders
Boolean:Union,Subtract,Connect
Boundaries/Excitations
Excitations:WavePorts
Boundaries:Radiation
Results
Plotting: RadiationPattern
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-3 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
DesignReview
PortSize/Type
SincetheportisexternaltothemodelwecoulduseaWavePort.The
sizeoftheportisdeterminedbythephysicaldimensionsofthe
waveguide.Becausethewaveguideiscircular,wemustPolarizetheE-
Fieldfortheportdefinition.
FreeSpace
Sinceweareevaluatingaradiatingstructure,weneedtocreate afree
spaceenvironmentforthedevicetooperatein.Thiscanbeachievedby
usingtheRadiationBoundaryconditionoraPerfectlyMatchedLayer
(PML).WewilluseaRadiationBoundarysincethesurfacewillbe
cylindrical.
TheRadiationBoundaryneedstobeplacedatleastλ/4fromradiating
devices.Forourexamplewewillassumethat~λ/4(0.6in)
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-4 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. 3DModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-5 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. IntheAnsoftHFSSdesktop,anewprojectisautomaticallyinserted.
2. Whenanewprojectisautomaticallyopened,anewHFSSDesignis
alsoautomaticallyinsertedintotheproject.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenModal
2. ClicktheOK button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-6 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:in
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
CreateCircularWaveguide
Createwaveguide
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0Pressthe Enterkey
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX: 0.838,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0Pressthe Enterkey
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX: 0.0, dY: 0.0,dZ: 3.0Pressthe Enterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Waveguide
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-7 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
CreateCS
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>RelativeCS>
Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 3.0Pressthe Enterkey
CreateTransitionRegion
Createwaveguidetransition
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cone
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthelowerradius:
dX: 0.838,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheupperradius:
dX: 0.709,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0PresstheEnter key
5. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX: 0.0,dY: 0.0,dZ: 1.227PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Taper
3. ClicktheOK button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-8 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
CreateCS
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>Relative
CS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 1.227PresstheEnter key
CreatetheThroat
CreateThroat
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX: 1.547,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX: 0.0,dY: 0.0,dZ: 3.236PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Throat
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-9 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
GroupObjects
Togrouptheobjects:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key
2. Selectthemenuitem,Modeler>Boolean>Unite
Renamegroup
Torenamethegroupofobjects:
1. FromtheModel tree,selecttheonlyobjectshown
2. ClickthePropertiesbutton
1. FortheValue ofName type:Horn_Air
2. ClicktheOK button
3. ClicktheDone button
SetWorkingCoordinateSystem
Tosettheworkingcoordinatesystem:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>SetWorkingCS
2. SelectCoordinateSystemWindow,
1. Fromthelist,selecttheCS:Global
2. ClicktheSelect button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typepec intheSearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-10 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatetheHornWall
Createhorn
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX: 1.647,dY: 0.0,dZ:0.0PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:7.463PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Horn
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CompletetheHorn
Toselecttheobject
SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key
Tocompletethehorn:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Boolean>Subtract
2. SubtractWindow
BlankParts:Horn
ToolParts:Horn_Air
Clonetoolobjectsbeforesubtract:† Unchecked
ClicktheOK button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-11 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
CreateAir
CreateAir
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z:0.0PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:2.2,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:8.2PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Air
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CreateRadiationBoundary
Tocreatearadiationboundary
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Air
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries>Assign>Radiation
4. RadiationBoundarywindow
1. Name:Rad1
2. ClicktheOK button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-12 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatetheWaveport
Tocreateacirclethatrepresentstheport:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Circle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradiusofthecircle:
dX:0.838,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:p1
3. ClicktheOK button
Toselecttheobjectp1:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:p1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-13 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateWavePortExcitation1(Continued)
Toassignwaveportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
2. WavePort:General
1. Name:p1
2. ClicktheNext button
3. WavePort:Modes
1. NumberofModes:2
2. ForMode1,clicktheNone columnandselectNewLine
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevectorposition
X:-0.838,Y:0.0,Z:0.0PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertex
dX:1.676,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0PresstheEnter key
5. PolarizeEField:; Checked
6. ClicktheNext button
4. WavePort:PostProcessing
5. ClicktheFinish button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-14 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
CreateCS
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>Relative
CS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:7.463PresstheEnter key
CreateaRadiationSetup
Todefinetheradiationsetup
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Radiation>InsertFarFieldSetup>Infinite
Sphere
2. FarFieldRadiationSphereSetupdialog
InfiniteSphere Tab
1. Name:ff_2d
2. Phi:(Start:0,Stop:90,StepSize:90)
3. Theta:(Start:-180,Stop:180,StepSize:2)
1. CoordinateSystemTab
1. SelectUselocalcoordinatesystem
2. ChooseRelativeCS3
2. ClicktheOK button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-15 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:5.0GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:10
MaximumDeltaSperPass:0.02
2. ClicktheOK button
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_chorn
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-16 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-17 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
FarFieldOverlays
EditSources
ToModifyaTerminalexcitation:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>EditSources
2. EditSourceswindow
1. Source:p1:m1
1. ScalingFactor:1
2. Offset:0
2. Source: p1:m2
1. ScalingFactor:1
2. OffsetPhase:90
3. ClicktheOK button
CreateFarFieldOverlay
Tocreatea2Dpolarfarfieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateFarFieldsReport>
RadiationPattern
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. Geometry: ff_2d
3. Category:Gain
4. Quantity:GainLHCP,GainRHCP
5. Function:dB
6. ClicktheNewReport button
7. ClicktheClose button
5.2
Example– ConicalHorn
5.2-18 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-1 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
TheProbeFeedPatchAntenna
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzea
probefeedpatchantennausingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
InfiniteGround
Sub1(Dielectric)
Patch(Signal)
0.32cm
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-2 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft>HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. 3DModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-3 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,or
selectthemenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-4 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:cm
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. TypeRogersRT/duroid 5880(tm) intheSearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK button
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-5 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateSubstrate
Tocreatethesubstrate:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-5.0,Y:-4.5,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox
dX:10.0,dY:9.0,dZ:0.32,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Sub1
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.OrpresstheCTRL+D key
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-6 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateInfiniteGround
Tocreatetheinfiniteground:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertherectangleposition
X:-5.0,Y:-4.5,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle:
dX:10.0,dY:9.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Inf_GND
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AssignaPerfectEboundarytotheInfiniteGround
Toselectthetrace:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Inf_GND
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignthePerfectEboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectE
2. PerfectEBoundarywindow
1. Name:PerfE_Inf_GND
2. InfiniteGroundPlane: ; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-7 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateInfiniteGroundCutOut
Tocreatethecutout:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Circle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X:-0.5,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.16,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Cut_Out
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView
CompletetheInfiniteGround
ToselecttheobjectsInf_GND &Cut_Out:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Inf_GND,Cut_Out
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tocompletethering:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Boolean>Subtract
2. SubtractWindow
BlankParts:Inf_GnD
ToolParts:Cut_Out
Clonetoolobjectsbeforesubtract:† Unchecked
ClicktheOK button
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-8 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatePatch
Tocreatethepatch:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertherectangleposition
X:-2.0,Y:-1.5,Z:0.32,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle:
dX:4.0,dY:3.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Patch
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AssignaPerfectEboundarytotheTrace
Toselectthetrace:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Patch
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignthePerfectEboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectE
2. PerfectEBoundarywindow
1. Name:PerfE_Patch
2. ClicktheOK button
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-9 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
CreatetheCoax
Tocreatethecoax:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X: -0.5,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX: 0.16,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX: 0.0,dY: 0.0,dZ: -0.5PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Coax
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-10 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typepec intheSearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK button
CreatetheCoaxPin
Tocreatethecoaxpin:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X: -0.5,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX: 0.07,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX: 0.0,dY: 0.0,dZ: -0.5PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Coax_Pin
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-11 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatetheWaveport
Tocreateacirclethatrepresentstheport:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Circle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X:-0.5,Y:0.0,Z:-0.5PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradiusofthecircle:
dX:0.16,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Port1
3. ClicktheOK button
ToselecttheobjectPort1:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Port1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Toassignwaveportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
2. InthepopupReferenceConductorsforTerminalswindow,leavePinin
ConductingObjects.ClickOK
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-12 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatetheProbe
Tocreatetheprobe:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X: -0.5,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX: 0.07,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX: 0.0,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.32PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Probe
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-13 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
CreateAir
Tocreatetheair:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-5.0,Y:-4.5,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox
dX:10.0,dY:9.0,dZ:3.32,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Air
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-14 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateRadiationBoundary
Pickingthefaces:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces
2. Graphicallyselectall ofthefaces oftheAir objectexceptthefaceatZ=0.0cm
Tocreatearadiationboundary
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries>Assign>Radiation
2. RadiationBoundarywindow
1. Name:Rad1
2. ClicktheOK button
CreateaRadiationSetup
Todefinetheradiationsetup
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Radiation>InsertFarFieldSetup>Infinite
Sphere
2. FarFieldRadiationSphereSetupdialog
1. SelecttheInfiniteSphere Tab
1. Name:ff_2d
2. Phi:(Start:0,Stop:90,StepSize:90)
3. Theta:(Start:-180,Stop:180,StepSize:2)
2. ClicktheOK button
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-15 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:2.25GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:20
MaximumDeltaSperPass:0.02
2. ClicktheOption tab:
Š SolutionOperations/OrderofBasisFunctions:SecondOrder
Š EnableIterativeSolver; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Fast
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearCount
Start: 1.0GHz
Stop:3.5GHz
Count:201
SaveFields: ; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-16 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_probepatch
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-17 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
ToviewtheMeshStatistics
1. ClicktheMeshStatistics Tab
2. ClicktheClose button
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-18 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateReports
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlot- Magnitude
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolution
DataReport>RectangularPlot
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. ClicktheTrace tab
1. Category: TerminalSParameter
2. Quantity:St(coax_pin_T1,coax_pin_T1)Function:dB
3. ClicktheNewReport button
4. ClicktheClose button
Markalltraces
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAll
2. Selectthemenuitem Report2D>Marker>AddMinimum
3. Whenyouarefinished,selectthemenuitemReport2D>Marker>
ClearAlltoremovethemarker.
1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50
Freq [GHz]
-35.00
-30.00
-25.00
-20.00
-15.00
-10.00
-5.00
0.00
d
B
(
S
t
(
c
o
a
x
_
p
i
n
_
T
1
,
c
o
a
x
_
p
i
n
_
T
1
)
)
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 1
m1
Curve Info
dB(St(coax_pin_T1,coax_pin_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
Name X Y
m1 2.3625 -30.8502
5.3
Example– ProbeFeedPatchAntenna
5.3-19 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
FarFieldOverlays
CreateFarFieldOverlay
Tocreatea2Dpolarfarfieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateFarFieldsReport>
RadiationPattern
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Geometry: ff_2d
3. IntheFamilies tab,changethefrequencyto2.3625GHz
4. IntheTracetab
1. PrimarySweep: Theta
2. Category:Gain
3. Quantity:GainTotal
4. Function:dB
5. ClicktheNewReport button
6. ClicktheClose button
-14.00
-8.00
-2.00
4.00
90
60
30
0
-30
-60
-90
-120
-150
-180
150
120
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
Radiation Pattern 1
Curve Info
dB(GainTotal)
Setup1 : Sweep1
Phi='0deg'
dB(GainTotal)
Setup1 : Sweep1
Phi='90deg'
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
TheSlotCoupledPatchAntenna
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzea
probefeedpatchantennausingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
Slot(Plane)
Feed(Signal)
Sub2(Dielectric)
0.16cm
Sub1(Dielectric)
Patch(Signal)
0.16cm
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-2
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft>HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordatainputwhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. 3DModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-3
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,or
selectthemenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-4
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:cm
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. TypeRogersintheSearchbyName fieldandselecttherowfor
RogersRT/duroid 5880(tm)
2. ClicktheOK button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-5
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateSubstrate
Tocreatethesubstrate:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-7.0,Y:-4.5,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox
dX:12.0,dY:9.0,dZ:0.32,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Sub1
3. ChangetheColor toLightGray
4. ChangetheTrasparency to0.6
5. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.OrpresstheCTRL+D key
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-6
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatetheFeed
Tocreatethefeed:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertherectangleposition
X:-5.0,Y:-0.2475,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle:
dX:7.0,dY:0.495,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Feed
3. ChangetheColor toBrightBlue
4. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AssignaPerfectEboundarytotheFeed
Toselectthefeed:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Feed
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignthePerfectEboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectE
2. PerfectEBoundarywindow
1. Name:PerfE_Feed
2. InfiniteGroundPlane: † Unchecked
3. ClicktheOK button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-7
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateGround
Tocreatetheground:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertherectangleposition
X:-7.0,Y:-4.5,Z:0.16,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle:
dX:12.0,dY:9.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Ground
3. ChangetheColor toRed
4. ChangetheTransparency to0.8
5. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AssignaPerfectEboundarytotheGround
Toselecttheground:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Ground
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignthePerfectEboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectE
2. PerfectEBoundarywindow
1. Name:PerfE_Ground
2. InfiniteGroundPlane: † Unchecked
3. ClicktheOK button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-8
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateSlotCutOut
Tocreatethecutout:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertherectangleposition
X:-0.0775,Y:-0.7,Z:0.16,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle:
dX:0.155,dY:1.4,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Slot
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView
CompletetheGround
Toselecttheobjectsground&slot
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Ground,Slot
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Toperformtheboolean subtraction:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Boolean>Subtract
2. SubtractWindow
BlankParts:Ground
ToolParts:Slot
Clonetoolobjectsbeforesubtract:† Unchecked
ClicktheOK button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-9
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatePatch
Tocreatethepatch:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertherectangleposition
X:-2.0,Y:-1.5,Z:0.32,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle:
dX:4.0,dY:3.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Patch
3. ChangetheColor toOrange
4. ChangetheTransparency to0.4
5. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AssignaPerfectEboundarytotheTrace
Toselectthepatch:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Patch
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignthePerfectEboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectE
2. PerfectEBoundarywindow
1. Name:PerfE_Patch
2. ClicktheOK button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-10
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
CreateAir
Tocreatetheair:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-7.0,Y:-4.5,Z:-2.0,PresstheEnter key
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox
dX:12.0,dY:9.0,dZ:4.32,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Air
3. ChangetheColor toBlack
4. ChangeDisplayWireframeto ; Checked
5. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-11
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateRadiationBoundary
Pickingthefaces:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces
2. Graphicallyselectall ofthefaces oftheAir objectexceptthefaceatZ=0.0cm
Tocreatearadiationboundary
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries>Assign>Radiation
2. RadiationBoundarywindow
1. Name:Rad1
2. ClicktheOK button
CreateaRadiationSetup
Todefinetheradiationsetup
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Radiation>InsertFarFieldSetup>Infinite
Sphere
2. FarFieldRadiationSphereSetupdialog
1. SelecttheInfiniteSphere Tab
1. Name:ff_2d
2. Phi:(Start:0,Stop:90,StepSize:90)
3. Theta:(Start:-180,Stop:180,StepSize:2)
2. ClicktheOK button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-12
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
AddLengthBasedMeshOperationtotheRadiationBoundary
Farfieldsarecalculatedbyintegratingthefieldsontheradiationsurface.To
obtainaccuratefarfieldsforantennaproblems,theintegration surfaceshouldbe
forcedtohaveaλ/6toλ/8maximumtetrahedra length.
Tocreatealengthbasedseedontheradiationboundary:
1. SelecttheAir objectbyleftclickingitinthedrawingwindow
2. WhiletheAirobjectisselected,movethemousetotheprojecttreeand
rightclickonMeshOperations >Assign>OnSelection>LengthBased
3. Name:LengthOnRadiation
4. MaximumLengthofElements:2cm(thisisaboutλ/6 at2.3GHz)
5. ClicktheOK button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-13
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SetGridPlane
Tosetthegridplane:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>GridPlane>YZ
CreateSource
Tocreatesource:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-5.0,Y:-0.2475,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:0.0,dY:0.495,dZ:0.16,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Source
3. ChangetheColor toBrightGreen
4. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-14
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
AssignExcitation
ToselecttheobjectSource:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Source
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Note:YoucanalsoselecttheobjectfromtheModel
Tree
Toassignlumpedportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>LumpedPort
2. PlaceFeedintheConductingObject listandGround intheReference
Conductorlist
3. ClicktheOK button
RenametheLumpedPortandTerminal
1. DoubleclickonLumpPort1 underExcitations intheprojecttree.
2. Renametheporttop1
3. ClicktheOK button
4. DoubleclickontheterminalnamedFeed_T1
5. RenametheterminaltoT1
6. ClicktheOKbutton
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-15
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolution
Setup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:2.25GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:20
MaximumDeltaS:0.02
2. ClicktheOptions tab:
EnableIterativeSolver:;Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddFrequency
Sweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Fast
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearCount
Start: 1.0GHz
Stop:3.5GHz
Count:201
SaveFields: ;Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-16
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_slotpatch
3. ClicktheSave button
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-17
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
ToviewtheMeshStatistics:
1. ClicktheMeshStatistics Tab.
2. ClicktheClose button
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-18
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateReports
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlot- Magnitude
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolution
DataReport>RectangularPlot
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. Category: TerminalSParameter
4. Quantity:St(T1,T1),
5. Function:dB
6. ClicktheNewReport button
7. ClicktheClose button
3. Addaminimummarkertothetrace
1. Selectthetracebyleftclickingonit
2. GotoReport2D>Marker>AddMinimum
5.4
Example– SlotPatch
5.5-19
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
FarFieldOverlays
CreateFarFieldOverlay
Tocreatea2Dpolarfarfieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateFarFieldsReport>
RadiationPattern
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Geometry: ff_2d
3. IntheFamilies tab,changethefrequencyto2.2875GHz
4. IntheTracetab
1. Category:Gain
2. Quantity:GainPhi,GainTheta
3. Function:dB
5. ClicktheNewReport button
6. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-1
TheEndfire WaveguideArray
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzea
WaveguidearrayantennausingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment
AWavePort excitationwillbeusedforthefeed
PMLs (PerfectlyMatchedLayers)willbeusedfortheradiationload
Master/Slaveboundaryconditionswillbeusedtocreatethearray
Reference:
[1]C.A.Balanis,“AntennaTheory– AnalysisandDesign”,HarperandRow,
Publishers,Inc.,1982,ISBN0-06-040458-2,section6.2.
[2]S.W.LeeandW.R.Jones,“OntheSuppressionofRadiationNullsand
BroadbandImpedanceMatchingofRectangularWaveguidePhasedArrays”,
IEEETrans.onAntennasPropagat.,vol.AP-19,No.1,pp.41-51,Jan.1971.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-2
DesignReview
1. Insteadofmodelingtheentirearray,wewillmakeuseofthemaster/slaveboundary
conditionsandonlymodelaunitcell.
2. SincetheMaster/Slaveboundaryconditionsalsoallowustochangethescanangle,
wewillneedabetterradiationloadonthetopoftheantennathanasimpleradiation
boundarycondition.WewillneedtouseaPML.
AnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironmentare usedtocreate
thispassivedevicemodel
3DSolidModeling
Primitives:Box
Other:PerfectlyMatchedLayer(PML)
Boundaries/Excitations
Ports: WavePorts
Boundaries: Master/Slave,Impedance
Analysis
Sweep:None
Results
Cartesianplotting
FieldOverlays:
RadiationPatterns
Optimetrics
Parametricsweep
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft>HFSS10 programgroup.ClickHFSS10
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-3
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:
; Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>3DModelerOptions.
4. 3DModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,or
selectthemenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-4
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenModal
2. ClicktheOK button
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:in
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,makesurethatvacuumis the
defaultmaterial
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-5
CreateWaveguide
Tocreatethewaveguide:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0,Y:0,Z:0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox
dX:0.4,dY:0.9,dZ:1.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:waveguide
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView orpresstheCTRL+D keys
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-6
CreateAirbox
Tocreatetheairbox:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-0.05,Y:-0.05,Z:1.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox
dX:0.5,dY:1.0,dZ:1.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:airbox
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-7
CreatePMLload
Toselecttheproperfaceoftheairbox:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces
2. Graphicallypickthetopfaceoftheairbox thatwasjustcreated.
ToassignthePMLboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>PMLSetupWizard
2. PMLSetupWizard:CoverObjects
1. Select:CreatePMLCoverObjectsonSelectedFaces
2. UniformLayerThickness:0.2in
3. ClicktheNext button
3. PMLSetupWizard:MaterialParameters
1. Select:PML Objectsaccept FreeRadiation
1. MinFrequency:9GHz
2. MinimumRadiatingDistance:1in
3. ClicktheNext button
2. ReviewsettingsonthePMLSetupWizard:Summarypage
3. ClicktheFinish button
Topfaceselected
PMLadded
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-8
MakethePMLobjectvisible
Bydefault,thePMLwizardwillturnoffvisibilityofthePMLobjectonceitis
created.Wewanttoturnitbackonagain.
1. SelectthemenuitemView>ActiveViewVisiblility
2. ChecktheboxnexttoPML_airbox1
3. Click Done
CreatetheMaster/Slaveboundaryobjects
SetGridPlane
Tosetthegridplane:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>GridPlane>YZ
DrawtheMaster/Slaveobjects
TodrawthefirstMaster/Slaverectangle:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.45,Y:-0.05,Z:1.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle
dX:0,dY:1.0,dZ:1.2,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:master1
3. ClicktheOK button
Tosetthegridplane:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>GridPlane>XZ
TodrawthesecondMaster/Slaverectangle:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-0.05,Y:-0.05,Z:1.0,PresstheEnter key
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle
dX:0.5,dY:0,dZ:1.2,PresstheEnter key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-9
CreatetheMaster/Slaveboundaryobjects(continued)
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:master2
3. ClicktheOK button
Toduplicatetheobjectstocreatetheslaves
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Objects
2. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
3. Selecttheobject,master1
4. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Duplicate>AlongLine
5. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthestartpositionoftheduplicate
vector
X:0,Y:0,Z:0,PresstheEnter key
6. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheendpointoftheduplicatevector
dX:-0.5,dY:0,dZ:0,PresstheEnter key
7. Whenthedialogboxpopsuprequestingthetotalnumberofcopies,
changethevalueto2,PresstheOK button.
8. Repeatthisprocessfortheobjectmaster2 usingaduplicatevectorof
<0,1,0>
ChangeSlaveboundarynames
Tochangetheduplicatedmasterboundarytoslaveboundary
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:master1_1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuItem:Edit>Properties
4. Changethenameto:slave1
5. Repeattheprocessformaster2_1Æslave2
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-10
AssignMaster/SlaveBoundaries
TocreateaMasterboundary
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:master1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries>Assign>Master
4. MasterBoundarywindow
1. Name:master1
2. CoordinateSystem:UVector:clickUndefined pulldown
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthestartposition
X:0.45,Y:-0.05, Z:1.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthestoppositionofthe
vector
dX:0,dY:1,dZ:0,PresstheEnter key
5. FortheVvector,checktheReverseDirection box
Repeattheprocessformaster2usingthefollowingpoints:
1. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthestartposition
X:0.45,Y:-0.05, Z:1.0,PresstheEnter key
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthestoppositionofthevector
dX:-0.5,dY:0,dZ:0,PresstheEnter key
TocreateaSlaveboundary
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:slave1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries>Assign>Slave
4. SlaveBoundarywindow
1. Name:slave1
2. MasterBoundary:clickonUndefined pulldownandselectMaster1
3. CoordinateSystem:UVector:clickUndefined pulldown
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthestartposition
X:-0.05,Y:-0.05, Z:1.0,PresstheEnter key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-11
AssignMaster/SlaveBoundaries(continued)
TocreateaSlaveboundary(continued)
1. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthestoppositionofthe
vector
dX:0,dY:1,dZ:0,PresstheEnter key
2. ClicktheNext button
3. MakesurethatUseScanAnglesToCalculatePhaseDelay is
checked
1. ForPhi,enter0deg
2. ForTheta,enteravariablename theta_scan,andhitEnter
3. FortheAddVariable dialog,enter30deg fortheta_scan
Repeattheprocessforslave2:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:slave2
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries>Assign>Slave
4. SlaveBoundarywindow
1. Name:slave2
2. MasterBoundary:clickonUndefined pulldownandselectMaster2
3. CoordinateSystem:UVector:clickUndefined pulldown
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthestartposition
X:0.45,Y:0.95, Z:1.0,PresstheEnter key
5. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthestoppositionofthe
vector
dX:-0.5,dY:0,dZ:0,PresstheEnter key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-12
AssignImpedanceBoundary
TocreatetheimpedanceboundaryonthePMLobject:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces
2. GraphicallypickthetopfaceofthePMLobject
3. Selectthemenuitem:HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>Impedance
4. Name:TopLoad
5. Resistance:377*cos(theta_scan)
6. Reactance:0
CreateWavePort
Toassignwaveporttowaveguideobject:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectFacedialog:Selecttheobjectwaveguide fromtheleftcolumn
3. SelectdifferentFaceIDs untilthebottomfaceofthewaveguideis
highlighted.
4. ClickOK
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-13
CreateWavePort (continued)
Toassignwaveporttowaveguideobject(continued):
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Excitation>Assign>WavePort
2. Name:p1
3. ClickNext
4. WavePort:Modes
1. ClickNext
5. WavePort:Post-Processing
1. ClickFinish
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-14
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:9.25GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:5
MaximumDeltaS:0.0001
2. ClicktheOK button
CreateaRadiationSetup
Todefinetheradiationsetup
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Radiation>InsertFarFieldSetup>Infinite
Sphere
2. FarFieldRadiationSphereSetupdialog
1. SelecttheInfiniteSphere Tab
1. Name:ff_all
2. Phi:(Start:0,Stop:0,
StepSize:10)
3. Theta:(Start:0,Stop:360,
StepSize:2)
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-15
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_pmlarray
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-16
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptiveduringsolution.
2. ClicktheClose buttonwhendoneviewingorsimulationcomplete.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-17
FarFieldPlots
CreateFarFieldPlot
Tocreatea2Dpolarfarfieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateReport
2. CreateReportWindow:
1. ReportType:FarFields
2. DisplayType:RadiationPattern
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. Geometry: ff_all
3. IntheSweeps tab:
1. SelectPhi undertheName column,andonthedroplist,
selectTheta.ThischangestheprimarysweeptoTheta.
4. IntheMag tab
1. Category:Directivity
2. Quantity:DirTotal
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheAddTrace button
5. ClicktheDone button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-18
AddArrayFactortoPlot
Tosetuparrayfactor:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Radiation>AntennaArraySetup
2. SelecttheradiobuttonforRegularArraySetup
3. SwitchtotheRegularArray tab
4. FirstCellPosition:
X:0in,Y:0in, Z:0in
5. Directions:Uvector
X:1,Y:0, Z:0
6. Directions:VVector
X:0,Y:1, Z:0
7. DistanceBetweenCells
UDirection:0.5in
VDirection1in
8. NumberofCells
UDirection:25
VDirection25
9. ScanDefinition:UseScanAngles
Theta:theta_scan
Phi: 0deg
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-19
AddArrayFactortoPlot(continued)
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-20
OptimetricsSetup– ParametricSweep
Forthisarraydesign,wewanttoseetheeffectofscanangleontheinputmatch
oftheantenna.Todothis,wemustsweepthescananglewithaparametric
sweep.
AddaParametricSweep
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>OptimetricsAnalysis>AddParametric
2. SetupSweepAnalysis Window:
1. ClicktheSweepDefinitions tab:
1. ClicktheAdd button
2. Add/EditSweepDialog
1. SelectVariable:theta_scan (thisistheonlyvariabledefined,
soitisgreyed out)
2. SelectLinearStep
3. Start:0deg
4. Stop:60deg
5. Step:10deg
6. ClicktheAdd button
7. ClicktheOK button
AnalyzeParametricSweep
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. ExpandtheProjectTreetodisplaytheitemslistedunderOptimetrics
2. Right-clickthemouseonParametricSetup1andchooseAnalyze
OptimetricsResults
ToviewtheOptimetricsResults:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>OptimetricsAnalysis>OptimetricsResults
2. SelecttheProfile Tabtoviewthesolutionprogressforeachsetup.
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinishedviewingtheresults
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Endfire AntennaArray
5.7
5.7-21
CreateS-ParameterPlot– S11ateachθ
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateReport
2. CreateReportWindow:
1. ReportType:ModalSolutionData
2. DisplayType:RectangularPlot
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheSweeps tab
1. SelectSweepDesignandProjectvariablevalues
3. IntheSweeps tab:
1. SelectFrequndertheName column,andonthedroplist,
selecttheta_scan.Thischangestheprimarysweepto
theta_scan.
4. ClicktheY tab
1. Category: SParameter
2. Quantity:S(p1,p1)
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheAddTrace button
5. ClicktheDone button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Chapter6.0
Chapter6.0– MicrowaveExamples
6.1– MagicT
6.2– CoaxBend
6.3– RingHybrid
6.4– CoaxStub
IncludesOptimetrics Example
6.5– Microstrip - WavePorts
IncludesOptimetrics Example
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-1
TheMagicT
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzeaMagic
T,whichisacommonlyusedmicrowavedevice,usingtheAnsoftHFSSDesign
Environment.
NominalDesign:
Waveguide:
Width=50.0mm
Height=20.0mm
Length= 75.0mm
Port1
Port2
Port3 Port4
Width
Length
Height
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-2
AnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment areusedtocreate
thispassivedevicemodel
3DSolidModeling
Primitives:Box
BooleanOperations: Unite,Duplicate
Excitations
Ports:WavePorts
Analysis
Sweep:FastFrequency
Results
Cartesianplotting
Fields
3DFieldPlots,Animations
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-3
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. 3DModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-4
OpeningaNewProject
Bydefault,whenHFSSfirststartsup,anewprojectwillbeopened.
IfyouhavebeenworkinginHFSSandneedtoopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,orselect
themenuitemFile>New.
2. Expandthefolderandreviewthesub-foldersintheProjectManager
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenModal
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-5
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:mm
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialspicklist inthetoolbar,choosevacuum
CreateTopArm
Tocreatearm1:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. PresstheTabkeytomovethecursortothecoordinateentryfields
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-25.0,Y:-10.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:50.0,dY:20.0,dZ:75.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Arm
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-6
CreateWavePortExcitation1
Pickingtheportface:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces
2. Graphicallyselect(clickon)thetopfaceofthearmatZ=75mm
Toassignwaveportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
2. WavePort:General
1. Name:p1
2. ClicktheNext button
3. WavePort:Modes
1. ClicktheNext button
4. WavePort:PostProcessing
1. ClicktheFinish button
Topface
WavePortFace
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-7
SetObjectSelection
Setselecttoobjects
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Objects
CreateArm2
Tocreatearm2:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key.
2. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>AroundAxis.
1. Axis:X
2. Angle:90
3. TotalNumber:2
4. ClicktheOKbutton
5. ClickOKinthePropertiesdialog
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
CreateArm3&4
ToselecttheobjectArm_1:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Arm_1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tocreatearm3&4:
1. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>AroundAxis.
1. Axis:Z
2. Angle:90
3. TotalNumber:3
4. ClicktheOKbutton
5. ClickOKinthePropertiesdialog
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-8
GrouptheArms
Togroupthearms:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key.
2. Selectthemenuitem, Modeler>Boolean>Unite
BoundaryDisplay
Toverifytheboundarysetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>BoundaryDisplay (SolverView)
2. FromtheSolverViewofBoundaries,toggletheVisibilitycheckboxforthe
boundariesyouwishtodisplay.
Note: Thebackground(PerfectConductor)isdisplayedastheouter
boundary.
Note: ThePerfectConductorsaredisplayedasthesmetal boundary.
Note: Selectthemenuitem,View>ActiveViewVisibility tohideall
ofthegeometryobjects.Thismakesiteasiertoseetheboundary
conditions.
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinished
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-9
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:4.0GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:5
MaximumDeltaSperPass:0.02
2. ClicktheOptionsTab
1. MinimumConvergedPasses:3
3. ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddFrequencySweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Interpolating
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearCount
Start: 3.4GHz
Stop:4.0GHz
Count:1001
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-10
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_magic_t
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-11
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixDataduring
analysis,openthisdialogandsettheSimulationtoSetup1,
LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-12
CreateReports
CreateModalS-ParameterPlotvs.AdaptivePass
Note:Ifthisreportiscreatedpriororduringthesolutionprocess,areal-time
updateoftheresultsaredisplayed
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateModalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. ReportDialog:
1. Solution:Setup1:AdaptivePass
2. ClicktheTracetab
1. X:Pass
2. Category:SParameter
3. Quantity:S(p1,p1),S(p1,p2),S(p1,p3),S(p1,p4)(Note:Hold
downtheCtrlkeytoselectmultipleQuantities)
4. Function:dB
3. ClicktheNewReportbutton
4. ClicktheClosebutton
1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00
Pass
-80.00
-70.00
-60.00
-50.00
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 1
Curve Info
dB(S(p1,p1))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
dB(S(p1,p2))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
dB(S(p1,p3))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
dB(S(p1,p4))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-13
CreateModalS-ParameterPlotvs.Freq
Note:Ifthisreportiscreatedpriororduringthesolutionprocess,areal-time
updateoftheresultsaredisplayed
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateModalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. ReportDialog:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. ClicktheTracetab
1. X:Freq
2. Category:SParameter
3. Quantity:S(p1,p1),S(p1,p2),S(p1,p3),S(p1,p4)(Holddown
theCtrlkeytoselectmultipleQuantities)
4. Function:dB
4. ClicktheNewReportbutton
5. ClicktheClosebutton
3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00
Freq [GHz]
-100.00
-90.00
-80.00
-70.00
-60.00
-50.00
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 2
Curve Info
dB(S(p1,p1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(S(p1,p2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(S(p1,p3))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(S(p1,p4))
Setup1 : Sweep1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.1
6.1-14
CreateFieldOverlay
Toselectanobject:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Arm
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuEdit>Properties
1. SelectAttributeTab
2. ClickontheTransparencybutton
3. SetTransparencytoaprox .75
4. Press Ctrl-A toensurewaveguideisselected.
5. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>PlotFields>E>Mag_E
6. CreateFieldPlotWindow
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. Quantity:Mag_E
3. InVolume:All
4. ClicktheDone button
FieldAnimations
ToAnimateaMagnitudefieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>Animate
2. IntheSweptVariable tab,acceptthedefaultssettings:
1. Sweptvariable:Phase
2. Start:0deg
3. Stop:180deg
4. Steps:9
3. ClickOK
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-1
TheCoaxialConnector
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzea
coaxialconnector,usingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-2
AnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironmentare usedto
createthispassivedevicemodel
3DSolidModeling
Primitives:Cylinders,Polylines,Circles
BooleanOperations:Unite,Subtract,andSweep
Boundaries/Excitations
Ports: WavePortsandTerminalLines
Analysis
Sweep:FastFrequency
Results
Cartesianplotting
FieldOverlays:
3DFieldPlots,Animations,Cut-Planes
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-3
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft,HFSS10 programgroup.ClickHFSS10.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>3DModelerOptions.
4. 3DModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-4
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,orselect
themenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-5
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:cm
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typepec intheSearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-6
CreatetheConductor1
Tocreatetheconductor
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.152,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:1.448,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Conductor1
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
TocreateanoffsetCoordinateSystem:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>
RelativeCS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:1.448,PresstheEnter key
CreateaSection
Tosectiontheconductor
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key.
2. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Surface>Section
3. SectionWindow
SectionPlane: XY
ClicktheOKbutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-7
RenametheSection
Tosetthename:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>List
2. FromtheModel tab,selecttheobjectnamedSection1
3. ClickthePropertiesbutton
1. FortheValue ofName type:Bend
2. ClicktheOK button
4. ClicktheDone button
SetGridPlane
Tosetthegridplane:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>GridPlane>YZ
CreateConductorBend
Tocreatethebend:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Arc>CenterPoint
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertexpoint:
X:0.0,Y:0.4,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradialpoint:
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthesweeparclength:
X:0.0,Y:0.4,Z:0.4, PresstheEnter key
5. Usingthemouse,right-clickandselectDone
6. ClicktheOK buttonwhenthePropertiesdialogappears
SweepBend:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Bend,Polyline1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Sweep>AlongPath
4. SweepalongpathWindow
Angleoftwist: 0
DraftAngle:0
DraftType:Round
ClicktheOKbutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-8
SetGridPlane
Tosetthegridplane:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>GridPlane>XZ
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
TocreateanoffsetCoordinateSystem:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>
RelativeCS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:0.0,Y:0.4,Z:0.4,PresstheEnter key
CreatetheConductor2
Tocreatetheconductor
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0, PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.152,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0, PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.436,dZ:0.0, PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Conductor2
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
TocreateanoffsetCoordinateSystem:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>
RelativeCS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:0.0,Y:0.436,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-9
CreatetheConductor3
Tocreatetheconductor
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0, PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.225,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:1.3,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Conductor3
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
GrouptheConductors
Togrouptheconductors:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key.
2. Selectthemenuitem,3DModeler>Boolean>Unite
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-10
CreatetheFemaleEnd
Tocreatethefemaleend:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.511,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:1.3,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Female
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CreatetheFemaleBend
Tocreatethebend:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnterkey
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.351,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnterkey
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:-1.236,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:FemaleBend
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-11
SetWorkingCoordinateSystem
Tosettheworkingcoordinatesystem:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>CoordinateSystem>SetWorkingCS
2. SelectCoordinateSystemWindow,
1. Fromthelist,selecttheCS:Global
2. ClicktheSelect button
SetGridPlane
Tosetthegridplane:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>GridPlane>XY
CreatetheMaleEnd
Tocreatethemaleend:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnterkey
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.351,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnterkey
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:2.348,PresstheEnterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Male
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-12
GrouptheVacuumObjects
TounitetheobjectsFemale,FemaleBend andMale:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Female,FemaleBend,Male
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. Selectthemenuitem,3DModeler>Boolean>Unite
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AddNewMaterial
Toaddanewmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. FromtheSelectDefinitionwindow,clicktheAddMaterial button
3. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. FortheMaterialName type:My_Ring
2. FortheValue ofRelativePermittivity type:3
3. ClicktheOK button
4. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-13
CreatetheRing
Tocreatethering:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.736,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.511,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:0.236,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Ring
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CompletetheRing
ToselecttheobjectsRingandMale:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Ring,Female
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tocompletethering:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Boolean>Subtract
2. SubtractWindow
BlankParts:Ring
ToolParts:Female
Clonetoolobjectsbeforesubtract:; Checked
ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-14
AddNewMaterial
Toaddanewmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. FromtheSelectDefinitionwindow,clicktheAddMaterial button
3. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. FortheMaterialName type:My_Teflon
2. FortheValue ofRelativePermittivity type:2.1
3. ClicktheOK button
4. ClicktheOK button
CreatetheMaleTeflon
Tocreatetheteflon:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.46,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.511,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:0.788,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:MaleTeflon
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-15
CreateWavePortExcitation1
Note:Tosimplifytheinstructions,a2Dobjectwillbecreatedtorepresentthe
port.Thisisnotarequirementfordefiningports.Graphicalfaceselectioncan
beusedasanalternative.
Tocreateacirclethatrepresentstheport:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Circle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradiusofthecircle:
dX:0.351,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:p1
3. ClicktheOK button
Toselecttheobjectp1:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:p1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Note:YoucanalsoselecttheobjectfromtheModelTree
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-16
CreateWavePortExcitation1(Continued)
Toassignwaveportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
2. WavePort:General
1. Name:p1,
2. ClicktheNext button
3. WavePort:Terminals
1. NumberofTerminals:1,
2. ForT1,clicktheUndefined columnandselectNewLine
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevectorposition
X:0.351,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertex
dX:-0.199,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
5. ClicktheNext button
4. WavePort:DifferentialPairs
1. ClicktheNext button
5. WavePort:PostProcessing
1. FullPortImpedance:50
6. ClicktheFinish button
SetWorkingCoordinateSystem
Tosettheworkingcoordinatesystem:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>CoordinateSystem>SetWorkingCS
2. SelectCoordinateSystemWindow,
1. Fromthelist,selecttheCS:RelativeCS3
2. ClicktheSelect button
SetGridPlane
Tosetthegridplane:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>GridPlane>XZ
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-17
CreateWavePortExcitation2
Note:Tosimplifytheinstructions,a2Dobjectwillbecreatedtorepresentthe
port.Thisisnotarequirementfordefiningports.Graphicalfaceselectioncan
beusedasanalternative.
Tocreateacirclethatrepresentstheport:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Circle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X:0.0,Y:1.3,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradiusofthecircle:
dX:0.511,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:p2
3. ClicktheOK button
Toselecttheobjectp2:
1. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:p2
2. ClicktheOKbutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-18
CreateWavePortExcitation2(Continued)
Toassignwaveportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
2. WavePort:General
1. Name:p2,
2. ClicktheNext button
3. WavePort:Terminals
1. NumberofTerminals:1,
2. ForT1,clicktheUndefined columnandselectNewLine
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevectorposition
X:0.511,Y:1.3,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertex
dX:-0.286,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
5. ClicktheNext button
4. WavePort:DifferentialPairs
1. ClicktheNext button
5. WavePort:PostProcessing
1. FullPortImpedance:50
2. ClicktheFinish button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-19
CreatetheFemaleTeflon
TocreatetheTeflon:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnterkey
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.511,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnterkey
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:-0.236,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:FemaleTeflon
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CompletetheVacuumObject
ToselecttheobjectsFemale,MaleTeflon,FemaleTeflon
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Female,MaleTeflon,FemaleTeflon
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tocompletethevacumm objects:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Boolean>Subtract
2. SubtractWindow
BlankParts:Female
ToolParts:MaleTeflon,FemaleTeflon
Clonetoolobjectsbeforesubtract:; Checked
ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-20
CompletetheModel
Tocompletethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Conductor1,Female,MaleTeflon,
FemaleTeflon
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Boolean>Subtract
4. SubtractWindow
BlankParts:Female,FemaleTeflon,MaleTeflon
ToolParts:Conductor1
Clonetoolobjectsbeforesubtract:; Checked
ClicktheOK button
BoundaryDisplay
Toverifytheboundarysetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>BoundaryDisplay (SolverView)
2. FromtheSolverViewofBoundaries,toggletheVisibilitycheckboxforthe
boundariesyouwishtodisplay.
Note: Thebackground(PerfectConductor)isdisplayedastheouter
boundary.
Note: ThePerfectConductorsaredisplayedasthesmetal boundary.
Note: Selectthemenuitem,View>Visibility tohideallofthe
geometryobjects.Thismakesiteasiertoseetheboundary
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinished
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-21
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:8.1GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:10
MaximumDeltaS:0.02
2. ClicktheOK button
3. ClicktheOptions tab:
MinimumConvergedPasses:2
4. ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Fast
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearCount
Start: 0.1GHz
Stop:8.1GHz
Count:801
SaveFields: ; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-22
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_coax
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Analyze
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-23
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-24
CreateReports
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlotvs.AdaptivePass
Note:Ifthisreportiscreatedpriortoorduringthesolutionprocess,a
real-timeupdateoftheresultsaredisplayed
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateReport
2. CreateReportWindow:
1. ReportType:TerminalSParameters
2. DisplayType:Rectangular
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Adaptive1
2. ClicktheXtab
1. UsePrimarySweep:† Unchecked
2. Category:Variables
3. Quantity:Pass
3. ClicktheY tab
1. Category:TerminalSParameter
2. Quantity:St(p1,p1),St(p1,p2),
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheAddTrace button
4. ClicktheDone button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-25
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlot- Magnitude
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateReport
2. CreateReportWindow:
1. ReportType:TerminalSParameters
2. DisplayType:Rectangular
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. ClicktheY tab
1. Category: TerminalSParameter
2. Quantity:St(p1,p1),St(p1,p2),
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheAddTrace button
4. ClicktheDone button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-26
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlot- Phase
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateReport
2. CreateReportWindow:
1. ReportType:TerminalSParameters
2. DisplayType:Rectangular
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. ClicktheY tab
1. Category: TerminalSParameter
2. Quantity:St(p1,p1),St(p1,p2),
3. Function:ang_deg
4. ClicktheAddTrace button
4. ClicktheDone button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-27
FieldOverlays
CreateFieldOverlay
Tocreateafieldplot:
1. SelecttheGlobalYZPlane
1. UsingtheModelTree,expandPlanes
2. SelectGlobal:YZ
2. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>Fields >E>Mag_E
3. CreateFieldPlotWindow
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. Quantity:Mag_E
3. InVolume:All
4. ClicktheDone button
TomodifyaMagnitudefieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>ModifyPlotAttributes
2. SelectPlotFolderWindow:
1. Select:EField
2. ClicktheOK button
3. E-FieldWindow:
1. ClicktheScaletab
1. SelectUseLimits
2. Min: 1.0
3. Max: 1000.0
4. Scale:Log
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.2
Example– CoaxialConnector
6.2-28
EditSources
ToModifyaTerminalexcitation:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>EditSources
2. Selectp2:T1 fromtheEditSourceswindow
ChecktheTerminated box
3. ClicktheOK button
ToSelecttheElectricFieldplot:
1. ExpandtheProjecttree
2. ExpandtheFieldOverlays
3. ClickontheEField orMag_E1 to
displaythefieldplot
FieldAnimations
ToAnimateaMagnitudefieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>Animate
2. IntheSweptVariable tab,acceptdefaultssettings:
1. Sweptvariable:Phase
2. Start:0deg
3. Stop:180deg
4. Steps:9
3. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-1
The180° RingHybrid
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzearing
hybrid,usingAnsoftHFSS.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-2
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,and
selecttheAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. 3DModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-3
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,orselect
themenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-4
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:mm
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. UsingtheModelerMaterialspicklist inthetoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. ClicktheAddMaterial button
2. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. FortheMaterialName type:My_Sub
2. FortheValue ofRelativePermittivity type:2.33
3. FortheValue ofDielectricLossTangent type:4.29e-4
4. ClicktheOK button
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-5
CreateSubstrate
Tocreatethesubstrate:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>RegularPolyhedron
2. PresstheTab keytomovethecursortothecoordinateentryfields
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:-1.143,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:22.345mm/cos(30*pi/180), dY:0.0,dZ:-1.143,PresstheEnter
key
5. SegmentNumberWindow
NumberofSegments:6
ClicktheOK button
6. InthePropertieswindow,entertheheight
Height:2.286,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Substrate
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-6
CreateTrace
Tocreatethetrace:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertherectangleposition
X:-0.89154,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle:
dX:1.78308,dY:22.345,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Trace
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AssignaPerfectEboundarytotheTrace
Toselectthetrace:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Trace
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignthePerfectEboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectE
2. PerfectEBoundarywindow
1. Name:PerfE_Trace
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-7
CreateWavePortExcitation1
Note:Thisstructurerequires4portswith1terminallinesperport. Wecoulduse
faceselectiontoselecttheendsofthesubstratethatrepresenttheport,define
terminallines,assignexcitation,andrepeatforport2-4.Sincewecanduplicate
portdefinitions,itismoreefficienttodefinearectanglewiththeappropriateport
definitionandcopyittothelocationofports2-4.Thesecondmethodis
describedhere:
Tosetgridplane
1. Selectthemenuitem Modeler>GridPlane>XZ
Tosettheview
SelectthemenuitemView>ModifyAttributes>Orientation
SelectViewingDirectionformtheListWindow
1. Fromthelistselecttheviewname:Right
2. ClicktheApply button
3. ClicktheClose button
Tocreatetherectanglegraphically:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthemouse,positiontheactivepositionindicatorsuchthatitsnapsto
thevertexofthelowerleftcornerofthesubstrateface.Theshapeofthe
activepositionindicatorwillchangetoasquarewhenitsnapstothevertex
3. Clicktheleftmousebuttontoselectthispointasthestartposition.
4. Continuedonnextpage…
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-8
CreateWavePortExcitation1(Continued)
4. Usingthemouse,positiontheactivepositionindicatorsuchthatitsnapsto
thevertexoftheupperrightcornerofthesubstrateface.The shapeofthe
activepositionindicatorwillchangetoasquarewhenitsnapstothevertex
5. Clicktheleftmousebuttontosettheoppositecorneroftherectangle.
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Port
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-9
CreateWavePortExcitation1(Continued)
Toassignwaveportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
2. ReferenceConductorsDialog
1. ConductingObjects:Trace
2. ReferenceConductors:<Empty>
3. ClicktheOK button
TraceObject
WavePortFace
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-10
CreatetheremainingTracesandWavePorts
Toselectobjects:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Trace,Port
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Toduplicatetheobjects:
1. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>AroundAxis
2. DuplicateAroundAxisWindow
1. Axis:Z
2. Angle:60deg
3. TotalNumber:4
4. ClicktheOK button
CreateOuterRing
Tosetgridplane
1. Selectthemenuitem Modeler>GridPlane>XY
Tocreatethering:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Circle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:11.795,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Outer
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitDrawing.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-11
GrouptheConductors
Togrouptheconductors:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Trace,Trace_1,Trace_2,Trace_3,Outer
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. Selectthemenuitem,Modeler>Boolean>Unite
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitDrawing.
CreateInnerRing
Tocreatethering:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Circle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:10.795,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Inner
3. ClicktheOK button
Selectobjects:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Trace,Inner
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. Selectthemenuitem,Modeler>Boolean>Subtract
4. SubtractWindow
1. BlankParts:Trace
2. ToolParts:Inner
3. Clonetoolobjectsbeforesubtracting:† Unchecked
4. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitDrawing. OrpresstheCTRL+D key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-12
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:4.0GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:20
MaximumDeltaS:0.02
2. ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddFrequencySweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Fast
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearStep
Start: 2.0GHz
Stop:7.0GHz
Step:0.05GHz
SaveFields: ; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-13
AssignaPerfectEboundarytotheRingHybrid
Duringtheduplicationprocess,theperfectEboundariesonthetraceobjects
wereremoved,soweneedtore-createit.
Toselectthetrace:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Outer
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignthePerfectEboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectE
2. PerfectEBoundarywindow
1. Name:PerfE_Trace
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-14
CreateReports
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlotvs.AdaptivePass
Note:Ifthisreportiscreatedpriororduringthesolutionprocess,areal-time
updateoftheresultsaredisplayed
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:AdaptivePass
2. ClicktheTracetab
1. X:Pass
2. Category:TerminalSParameter
3. Quantity:St(Trace_T1,Trace_T1),St(Trace_T1,Trace_T2),
St(Trace_T1,Trace_T3),St(Trace_T1,Trace_T4) (holddown
theCtrl keytoselectmultiplequantities)
4. Function:dB
3. ClicktheNewReportbutton
4. ClicktheClosebutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-15
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlot- Magnitude
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. ClicktheTrace tab
1. X:Freq
2. Category: TerminalSParameter
3. Quantity:St(Trace_T1,Trace_T1),St(Trace_T1,Trace_T2),
St(Trace_T1,Trace_T3),St(Trace_T1,Trace_T4)
4. Function:dB
4. ClicktheNewReport button
5. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-16
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_ringhybrid
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-17
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.3
Example– 180° RingHybrid
6.3-18
TerminalS-ParameterPlotvs.AdaptivePass
TerminalS-ParameterPlot- Magnitude
1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00
Pass
-35.00
-30.00
-25.00
-20.00
-15.00
-10.00
-5.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 1
Curve Inf o
dB(St(Trace_T1,Trace_T1))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
dB(St(Trace_T1,Trace_T2))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
dB(St(Trace_T1,Trace_T3))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
dB(St(Trace_T1,Trace_T4))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00
Freq [GHz]
-45.00
-40.00
-35.00
-30.00
-25.00
-20.00
-15.00
-10.00
-5.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 2
Curve Inf o
dB(St(Trace_T1,Trace_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Trace_T1,Trace_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Trace_T1,Trace_T3))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Trace_T1,Trace_T4))
Setup1 : Sweep1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-1
TheCoaxialStubResonator
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andoptimizea
coaxialstubresonator,usingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-2
AnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment areusedto
createthispassivedevicemodel:
3DSolidModeling
Primitives: Cylinders
Boolean:Union
Duplicate:AroundAxis
Boundaries/Excitations
Excitations:WavePorts
Analysis
Sweep: FastFrequency
Optimization
Parametrics Setup
OptimetricsSetup
Results
Data:Tabular
Plotting: Cartesian
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-3
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft,HFSS11programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. ModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-4
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-5
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:mm
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typepec intheSearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-6
SetGridPlane
Tosetthegridplane:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>GridPlane>XZ
CreatetheConductor1
Tocreatetheconductor
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.86,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:-6.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window
2. FortheValue ofName type:Conductor
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.OrpresstheCTRL+D key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-7
CreatetheStub
Tocreatethestub
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.86,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:4.75,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Toparameterizetheobject:
1. SelecttheCommand tabfromtheProperties window
2. ForHeight,type:L,ClicktheTab keytoaccept
AddVariableL:4.75mm,ClicktheOK button
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Stub
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-8
CreatetheBody
Tocreatethebody
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:2.0,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:-6.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Body
3. ClicktheOK button
CreateWavePortExcitation1
ToselectsurfaceforWavePort1
1. PresstheF keyonkeyboard(SelectFacesmode)
2. ClickontheendsurfaceofBody asshown
ToassignreferenceconductorsforTerminals
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
2. InthepopupReferenceConductorsforTerminalswindow,leave
ConductorinConductingObjects.ClickOK
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-9
CreatePort2Arm
ToselecttheobjectsConductor&Body
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Body,Conductor
Note: UsetheCtrl+Leftmousebuttontoselectmultipleobjects
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tocreatetheport2arm:
1. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>AroundAxis.
1. Axis:X
2. Angle:-90
3. TotalNumber:2
4. ClicktheOKbutton
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CreateStubBody
Tosetthetooloptions:
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry: † Unchecked
2. ClicktheOK button
ToselecttheobjectsBody:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Body
2. ClicktheOKbutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-10
Tocreatethestubbody:
1. SelectthemenuSelectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>AroundAxis.
1. Axis:X
2. Angle:180
3. TotalNumber:2
4. ClicktheOKbutton
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
GrouptheBodyObjects
ToselecttheobjectsBody,Body_1,Body_2:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Body,Body_1,Body_2
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. Selectthemenuitem,Modeler>Boolean>Unite
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
GrouptheConductor&StubObjects
ToselecttheobjectsConductor,Conductor_1,Stub:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Conductor,Conductor_1,Stub
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. Selectthemenuitem,Modeler>Boolean>Unite
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-11
BoundaryDisplay
Toverifytheboundarysetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>BoundaryDisplay (SolverView)
2. FromtheSolverViewofBoundaries,toggletheVisibilitycheckboxforthe
boundariesyouwishtodisplay.
Note: Thebackground(PerfectConductor)isdisplayedastheouter
boundary.
Note: ThePerfectConductorsaredisplayedasthesmetal boundary.
Note: Selectthemenuitem,View>Visibility tohideallofthe
geometryobjects.Thismakesiteasiertoseetheboundary
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinished
MeshOperations
ToselecttheobjectBody
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Body
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tocreateameshoperation:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>MeshOperations>Assign>Inside
Selection>Lengthbased
2. ElementLengthBasedRefinementWindow:
1. Name:Body_Mesh
2. RestrictLengthofElements:† Unchecked
3. RestricttheNumberofElements:; Checked
1. MaximumNumberofElements:2000
4. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-12
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:13.0GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:10
MaximumDeltaS:0.02
2. ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Fast
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearStep
Start: 5.0GHz
Stop:20.0GHz
Step:0.01GHz
SaveFields: ; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-13
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_stub_resonator
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Analyzeall
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-14
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-15
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlot- Magnitude
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. ClicktheTrace tab
1. Category: TerminalSParameter
2. Quantity:St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T1),
St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T2)
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheNewReport button
4. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-16
DataMarkers
MarkAllTraces
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAll
2. Selectthemenuitem Report2D>Marker>AddMinimum
3. Whenyouarefinished,selectthemenuitemReport2D>Marker>Clear
Alltoremovethemarker.
5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00
Freq [GHz]
-70.00
-60.00
-50.00
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 1
m1
m2
Curve Info
dB(St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
Name X Y
m1 5.0000 -11.5440
m2 13.6300 -65.0640
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-17
OptimetricsSetup– ParametricSweep
Duringthedesignofamicrowavedevice,itiscommonpracticetodevelop
designtrendsbasedonsweptparameters.AnsoftHFSSwithOptimetrics
ParametricSweepcanautomaticallycreatethesedesigncurves.
AddaParametricSweep
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>OptimetricsAnalysis>AddParametric
2. SetupSweepAnalysis Window:
1. ClicktheSweepDefinitions tab:
1. ClicktheAdd button
2. Add/EditSweepDialog
1. SelectVariable:L
2. SelectLinearCount
3. Start:4.0mm
4. Stop:5.5mm
5. Count:5
6. ClicktheAdd button
7. ClicktheOK button
2. ClicktheOptions tab:
1. SaveFieldsandMesh:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnalyzeParametricSweep
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. ExpandtheProjectTreetodisplaytheitemslistedunderOptimetrics
2. Right-clickthemouseonParametricSetup1andchooseAnalyze
OptimetricsResults
ToviewtheOptimetricsResults:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>OptimetricsAnalysis>OptimetricsResults
2. SelecttheProfile Tabtoviewthesolutionprogressforeachsetup.
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinishedviewingtheresults
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-18
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlot– S12ateachL
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. ClicktheFamiliestab
1. Sweeps:VariableL willValueAll
4. ClicktheTrace tab
1. PrimarySweep:Freq:All
2. Category: TerminalSParameter
3. Quantity:St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T2)
4. Function:dB
5. ClicktheNewReport button
5. ClicktheClose button
5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00
Freq [GHz]
-80.00
-70.00
-60.00
-50.00
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
d
B
(
S
t
(
C
o
n
d
u
c
t
o
r
_
T
1
,
C
o
n
d
u
c
t
o
r
_
T
2
)
)
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 2
Curve Info
dB(St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
L='4mm'
dB(St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
L='4.375mm'
dB(St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
L='4.75mm'
dB(St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
L='5.125mm'
dB(St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
L='5.5mm'
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-19
OptimetricsSetup– Optimization
TheParametricSweepwasusefulforgeneratingdesigncurves.Forthissimple
designwithonlyasinglevariablewecouldusethedesigncurvestomake
educatedguessesatperformancetargetsthatarenotcontainedinthe
ParametricSweep.AnsoftHFSSandOptimetricswithOptimization takesthe
guessworkoutofachievingperformancetargets.Todemonstrate thiswewill
targetaminimumS12at13GHz.SincethisdevicehasaveryhighQ,wewill
consideranything<=-40dBat13GHztobeaminimum.FromtheParametric
Sweep,wecanseethatthesearchrangecanbelimitedtotherange4.7-5.1mm.
Sinceweareonlyinterestedinobtaininganoptimumsolutionfor13GHz,wewill
addanadditionalSolutionSetupthatdoesnotincludethefrequencysweep.
Thiswillreducetheamountofsimulationtimerequiredtoachievethe
performancegoal.
AddanAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:13.0GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:10
MaximumDeltaSperPass:0.02
2. ClicktheOK button
DefineOptimizationDesignVariables
ToDefineOptimizationDesignVariable
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>DesignProperties
2. ClicktheOptimizationradiobutton:
1. Name: L
2. Include:; Checked
3. Min:4.0mm
4. Max:5.5mm
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-20
AddOptimizationSetup
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>OptimetricsAnalysis>AddOptimization
2. SetupOptimizationWindow:
1. ClicktheGoals tab:
2. Optimizer:Quasi-Newton
3. Max.No.ofIterations:10
4. ClicktheSetupCalculations button
5. SetupOutputVariablesdialog:
1. Category:TerminalSParameter
2. Quantity:St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T2)
3. Function:mag
4. ClicktheAddCalculation button
5. ClicktheDone button
6. FromtheSolutionColumn,clickontheSetup1:Sweep1andselect
Setup2:LastAdaptive fromthelistofsolutions
7. Condition:<=
8. ClickonEditGoal/Weightbutton
1. GoalValue:0.01
2. ClickonWeighttab,
3. SetAllWeightto1,
4. ClickonSet button
5. ClickOKbutton
9. AcceptableCost: 0
10. ClicktheVariables tab:
1. Min:4.7mm
2. Max:5.1mm
11. ClicktheGeneraltab
1. Parametrics Analysis:clickonN/A andselectParamatric
Setup1
2. SelectParametricSweepbeforeOptimization
12. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-21
AnalyzeOptimization
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. ExpandtheProjectTreetodisplaytheitemslistedunderOptimetrics
2. Right-clickthemouseonOptimizationSetup1andchooseAnalyze
OptimetricsResults
ToviewtheOptimetricsResults:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>OptimetricsAnalysis>OptimetricsResults
2. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinishedviewingtheresults
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.4
Example– CoaxialStubResonator
6.4-22
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlotofOptimumResult
Selectthemenu HFSS>Optimetrics Analysis>Optimerics Results
View:selectTable
Selecttheiterationwithoptimalresult:thelowestcost(cost=0)
ClickonApplybutton
Toanalyzetheoptimumdesign
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Analyze
Toviewtheplot
TheexistingXYPlot1 willautomaticallybeupdatedwhenthesolution
completes.
TochangetotheXYPlot1window,selectthemenuitemWindow>XY
Plot1.
5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00
Freq [GHz]
-70.00
-60.00
-50.00
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 1
Curve Info
dB(St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Conductor_T1,Conductor_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-1
MicrostripWavePort
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowwaveportsizecaninfluencethe
resultsofanysimulationusingtheAnsoftHFSSVersionDesignEnvironment.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-2
AnsoftDesignEnvironment
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironmentare usedto
createthispassivedevicemodel
3DSolidModeling
Primitives:Boxes,Rectangle
BooleanOperations:DuplicateAlongLine
Boundary/Excitation
Ports:WavePortsandIntegrationLines
Analysis
Solution:PortsOnly
Sweep:Interpolating
Results
Cartesianplotting
FieldsOverlays
PortFieldDisplay
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-3
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,and
selecttheAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. 3DModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-4
DesignReview
Generallyspeakingwhenweassignawaveporttoamicrostrip line,orany
quasi-TEMline,weneedtoincludesomeareaaroundtheactualtransmission
line.Thebigquestionis,“howmucharea?”
Belowyouwillseethecrosssectionofasimplemicrostrip linewithnaming
conventionsshown.
Asaruleofthumb,wetypicallycreatea2Drectangletorepresentthewaveport
stimulusforthistypeofstructure.Thedimensionsoftherectangleareroughly
tentimesthewidthofthetransmissionlinebyeighttimestheheightofthe
substrate.
REMEMBER:Theseareonlyguidelines!!!
Theheightoftheportwillbeaffectedbythepermittivityofthesubstrate.The
higherthepermittivity,thelessthefieldswillpropagateintheair,andtheshorter
theportcanbemade.
~10w
w
h
~8h
Thewidthoftheportwillaffecttheportimpedanceand
propagatingmodes.Thenarrowerthewidth(imageon
right),themorethefieldswillcoupletothesidewallsof
theport.Thiseffectmaynotbephysical.Thewiderthe
port,thegreaterchancethatahigherfrequency
waveguidemodecanpropagate.
Thisexamplewillexplorethislastphenomenon.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-5
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. IntheAnsoftHFSSdesktop,anewprojectisautomaticallyinserted.
2. Whenanewprojectisautomaticallyopened,anewHFSSDesignis also
automaticallyinsertedintotheproject.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenModal
2. ClicktheOK button
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:mil
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-6
AddNewMaterial
Toaddanewmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. FromtheSelectDefinitionwindow,clicktheAddMaterial button
3. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. MaterialName:My_Rogers
2. RelativePermittivity:3.38
3. ClicktheOK button
4. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-7
CreateSubstrate
Tocreatethesubstrate:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:-400.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox:
dX:200.0,dY:800.0,dZ:8.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Substrate
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typepec intheSearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-8
CreateTrace
Tocreatethetrace:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:-9.25,Z:8.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox:
dX:200.0,dY:18.5,dZ:1.4,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Trace
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CreateGround
Tocreatetheground:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:-400.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox:
dX:200.0,dY:800.0,dZ:-1.4,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Ground
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-9
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
CreateAir
TocreatetheAir:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:-400.0,Z:-1.4,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox:
dX:200.0,dY:800.0,dZ:200.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Air
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CreateRadiationBoundary
ToselecttheobjectAir:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Air
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tocreatearadiationboundary
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries>Assign>Radiation
2. RadiationBoundaryWindow
Name:Rad1
ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-10
SetGridPlane
Tosetthegridplane:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>GridPlane>YZ
CreatetheWavePort
Tocreatearectanglethatrepresentstheport:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X:0.0,Y:-200.0,Z:0.0, PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle:
dX:0.0,dY:400.0,dZ:50.0,PresstheEnter key
Toparameterizetheobject:
1. SelecttheCommand tabfromtheProperties window
2. ForPosition,type:0mil,-Port_Width/2,0mil,ClicktheTab keytoaccept
AddVariablePort_Width:400mil,ClicktheOK button
3. ForYSize,type:Port_Width,ClicktheTab keytoaccept
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Port1
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-11
AssigntheExcitation1
Toselecttheobjectp1:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Port1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Toassignwaveportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
2. WavePort:General
1. Name:p1,
2. ClicktheNext button
3. WavePort:Modes
1. NumberofModes:5
2. ForMode1,clicktheNone intheIntegration Line columnand
selectNewLine
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevectorposition
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertex
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ: 8.0,Pressthe Enterkey
ForMode1,clicktheZpi columnandselectZpv
1. ClicktheNext button
4. WavePort:PostProcessing
1. ClicktheNext button
5. ClicktheFinish button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-12
CreateWavePortExcitation2
ToselecttheobjectPort1:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Port1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Toduplicatetheport:
1. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>AlongLine
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthefirstpointoftheduplicatevector
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthesecondpointofthe duplicate
vector
dX:200.0,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0, PresstheEnter key
4. DuplicateAlongLineWindows
1. TotalNumber:2
2. ClicktheOK button
5. ClicktheDone button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-13
BoundaryDisplay
Toverifytheboundarysetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>BoundaryDisplay (SolverView)
2. FromtheSolverViewofBoundaries,toggletheVisibilitycheckboxforthe
boundariesyouwishtodisplay.
Note: Thebackground(PerfectConductor)isdisplayedastheouter
boundary.
Note: ThePerfectConductorsaredisplayedasthesmetal boundary.
Note: Selectthemenuitem,View>Visibility tohideallofthe
geometryobjects.Thismakesiteasiertoseetheboundary
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinished
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-14
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:20GHz
2. CheckSolvePortsOnly;
3. ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddFrequencySweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Interpolating
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearCount
Start: 0.1GHz
Stop:50.1GHz
Count:81
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-15
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_waveports
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Analyze
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-16
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
1. ChecktheGamma radiobutton
2. UnchecktheZo radiobutton
3. Clickthepulldown thatdisplaysSweep1,andchangetoPortOnly
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-17
CreateReports
CreatePropagationConstantvs.Frequency
ToCreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateModalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. NewTracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. Category:Gamma
4. Quantity:Gamma(p1:1),Gamma(p1:2),Gamma(p1:3),
Gamma(p1:4),Gamma(p1:5)
5. Function:im
6. ClicktheNewReport button
7. ClicktheClosebutton
8. Seenextpageforplotanddiscussionofresults
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-18
CreateReports
Discussion
Whatdoesthisplottellus?
Giventhephysicalsizeofthewaveportobjectthatwecreated, thefundamental
mode(p2:1)isaquasi-TEMmodethatpropagatesfromDConup.
Thisalsoshowsthathigherordermodescanpropagate(β>0)atahighenough
frequency.Thesecondmodesstartspropagatingat~14GHz.
Therefore,ifweonlyneededtosimulateupto10GHz,wewouldn’tneedtosize
ourportanydifferent,however,ifweneedtosimulateupto50 GHz,thenwe
needtoresizeourporttoeliminatethehigherorderpropagatingmodes.
Thelastpartoftheexercisewillexplorethis.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-19
FieldPatternPlots
Itmightbeilluminatingtolookatthefieldpatternsattheporttodiscoverwhich
modesareexcited.
TodisplaytheModefieldpatternsinthemodeler:
1. Fromwithintheprojectmanager,expandthesectionPortFieldDisplay
2. Expandp1,andselectMode2
1. Thefieldpatternwillbeoverlaidonthe3Dmodel.Fromtheplot
below,Mode2isclearlynotamicrostrip mode,butaTE
10
-like
waveguidemode.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-20
Optimetrics Setup– ParametricSweep
AddaParametricSweep
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Optimetrics Analysis>AddParametric
2. SetupSweepAnalysis Window:
1. ClicktheSweepDefinitions tab:
1. ClicktheAdd button
2. Add/EditSweepDialog
1. Variable:Port_Width
2. SelectLinearStep
3. Start:200mil
4. Stop:600mil
5. Step:100mil
6. ClicktheAdd >> button
7. ClicktheOK button
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-21
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>Save.
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. ExpandtheProjectTreetodisplaytheitemslistedunderOptimetrics
2. Right-clickthemouseonParametricSetup1andchooseAnalyze
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-22
CreateReports
CreatePropagationConstantvs.Frequencyvs.Port_Width
ToCreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateModalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. Category:Gamma
4. Quantity:Gamma(p1:2),
5. Function:im
6. ClicktheNewReportbutton
7. ClicktheClosebutton
8. Seenextpageforplotanddiscussionofresults
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-23
CreateReports
Discussion
Whatdoesthisplottellus?
Thisshowsthataswedecreasethewidthoftheport,thefrequencyatwhichthe
higherordermodestartstopropagateincreases.
Therefore,byproperlysizingthewaveport,youcaneliminateanyhigherorder
propagatingmodesifyoubelievethattheydonotexist.
Youneedtousecautionifyouaresimulatingveryhighfrequencies,i.e.,
millimeterwavelengths,asyoumaynotbeabletomaketheports smallenough
toeliminatethesemodes.Youprobablyshouldn’teventryasthehigherorder
modesmightrepresentrealworldeffects.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-24
CreateReports
CreatePropagationConstantvs.PortWidthatafixedfrequency
ToCreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateModalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. TracesWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:PortOnly
2. Domain:Sweep
3. X:PortWidth
4. Category:Gamma
5. Quantity:Gamma(p1:2),
6. Function:im
7. ClicktheNewReportbutton
8. ClicktheClosebutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
6.5
Example– WavePorts
6.5-25
CreateReports
EndofExample
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Chapter7.0
Chapter7.0– FilterExamples
7.1– Bandpass Filter
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-1 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
BandpassFilter
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzea
bandpassfilterusingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironmentare usedto
createthispassivedevicemodel
3DSolidModeling
Primitives:Cylinders,Boxes
BooleanOperations:DuplicateAroundAxis
Boundary/Excitation
Ports:WavePorts
Analysis
Sweep:FastFrequency
Results
Cartesianplotting
FieldsOverlays
2D&3DFieldPlots
NominalDesign:
F
center
=1.50GHz
BW=1GHz
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-2 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,and
selecttheAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
2. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDisplay tab
DefaultTransparency:“0.4”
3. ClicktheDrawing tab
OperationDataEntryMode::“Dialog"
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
4. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>FieldReporterOptions.
1. GroupFieldOverlaysbyType:;Checked
2. ScalarPlot
From:0
To:170
Steps:17
3. VectorPlot
From:0
To:350
Steps:35
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-3 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
OpeningaNewProject
InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,click OntheStandard toolbar,orselectthemenu
itemFile>New.
FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
SolutionTypeWindow:
ChooseDrivenModal
ClicktheOK button
SetModelUnits
SelectthemenuitemModeler>Units
SelectUnits:in
ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Usingthe3DModelerMaterials toolbar,choosevacuum
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-4 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Createcavity
SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
InCreateBox dialogedittheCommand andAttribute tabsasshownbelow.
ClicktheOKbutton
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.OrpressCTRL+D
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-5 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Createcoaxouterdiameter
FromtheDrawingPlane toolbar,changetheactiveplanetoYZ.
SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
InCreateCylinderdialogedittheCommand andAttribute tabsasshownbelow.
ClicktheOK button
FittheViewwithCTRL-D
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-6 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Definenewdefaultmaterial
Usingthe3DModelerMaterials toolbar,chooseSelect
SelectDefinitionWindow:
Typepec intheSearchbyNamefield
ClicktheOK button
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-7 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Createcoaxinnerdiameter
FromtheDrawingPlane toolbar,changetheactiveplanetoYZ.
SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
InCreateCylinderdialogedittheCommand andAttribute tabsas
shownbelow.
ClicktheOK button
FittheViewwithCTRL-D
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-8 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Createthecoaxfeedprobewithcopy/paste
Selecttheobjectfeedin1 fromthemodeltree.
TypeCTRL-C/CTRL-Vtocreateacopy.
Inthemodeltree,doubleclickontheresultingobjectfeedin2.
IntheAttribute tabchangethenametofeedprobe1.
Inthemodeltreeexpandthefeedprobe1 branch.
DoubleclickonthecommandCreateCylinder
IntheCommand tabchangetheHeightto“-0.15”.
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-9 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Createfirstresonator
SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
InCreateBoxdialogedittheCommand andAttribute tabsasshown
below.
ClicktheOK button
FittheViewwithCTRL-D
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-10 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Createresonatorsl2,l3andl4
Repeattheoperationforresonatorl1 threemoretimes.
Labelnewresonatorsl2,l3 andl4 respectively
FittheviewwithCTRL-D
l2
l3
l4
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-11 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreatetheWaveport
Pickingtheportface:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces
2. GraphicallyselecttheouterfaceofthecoaxlineatX=1.75in
Toassignthewaveportexcitation:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
2. WavePort:General
Name:p1
ClicktheNext button
3. WavePort:Modes
Acceptthedefaultsettingsformodes.
ClicktheNext button
4. WavePort:PostProcessing
Acceptthedefaultsettingsforpostprocessing
ClicktheFinish button
Notetheadditionoftheportdefinitiontotheprojecttree
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-12 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Createremainderofmodelwith“DuplicateAroundAxis”
ReturnSelectionmodeto“Object”
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Object
Toselectobjectstobeduplicated:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:feed1,feedpin1,feedprobe1,l1,l2,l3,l4
Note: UsetheCtrl+Leftmousebuttontoselectmultiple
objects
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tocreaterestofmodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Duplicate>AroundAxis
Axis:Z
Angle:180
TotalNumber:2
ClicktheOK button
FittheviewwithCTRL-D
Notetheadditionofthe“p2” portdefinitiontotheprojecttree.
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-13 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
BoundaryDisplay
Toverifytheboundarysetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>BoundaryDisplay (SolverView)
2. FromtheSolverViewofBoundaries,toggletheVisibilitycheckboxforthe
boundariesyouwishtodisplay.
Note: Thebackground(PerfectConductor)isdisplayedastheouter
boundary.
Note: ThePerfectConductorsaredisplayedasthesmetal boundary.
Note: Selectthemenuitem,View>Visibility tohideallofthe
geometryobjects.Thismakesiteasiertoseetheboundary
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinished
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-14 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SetupanHFSSDrivenModalAnalysis
CreatingaSolutionSetup
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>
AddSolutionSetup…
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:1.5GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:15
MaximumDeltaSperPass:0.02
2. ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
1. Intheprojecttreeright-clickon“setup1” under
theAnalysis branch
1. Select“AddFrequencySweep”
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepTypePulldown:Fast
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearCount
Start: 0.6GHz
Stop:2.4GHz
Count:513
SaveFields: ; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-15 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:Filter_bpf
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-16 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
SolutionData
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData…
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.SelectthePlot
radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsoftheconvergence
data.Seebelow.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-17 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
CreateReports
CreateS-parametervs.Frequency
ToCreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateModalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. EditReport Window:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. Category:S-parameters
4. Quantity:S(p1,p1) andS(p2,p1)
Note:UseCtrl keyformultipleselection
5. Function:dB
6. ClickNewReport
7. ClickClose
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-18 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 1.40 1.60 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40
Freq [GHz]
-70.00
-60.00
-50.00
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 1
Curve Info
dB(S(p1,p1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(S(p2,p1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
Notenewplot“XYPlot1” inproject
tree
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-19 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
AddaSeparateY-axisandChangePlotScale
IntheProject treeleft-clickonceonthebranchHFSSDesign1>Results>XY
Plot1>dB(S(p2,p1)).
IntheProperties windowintheY-axis rowclickonY1 andchangetoY2
DoubleleftclickonanumberoftheresultingY2axistotherightsideofXYPlot1
EdittheScaling tabasshown
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-20 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
RenamePlot
IntheProjecttreeright-clickonthebranchHFSSDesign1>Results>XYPlot1
SelectRename
ChangenametoS-params
<return>
0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 1.40 1.60 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40
Freq [GHz]
-60.00
-50.00
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
d
B
(
S
(
p
1
,
p
1
)
)
-1.00
-0.90
-0.80
-0.70
-0.60
-0.50
-0.40
-0.30
-0.20
-0.10
0.00
d
B
(
S
(
p
2
,
p
1
)
)
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
S-params
Curve Info
dB(S(p1,p1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(S(p2,p1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-21 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
FieldOverlays
IntheModeltreeselectthebranchPlanes>Global:XY
Movethemousepointerintothemodelwindow
Right-clickandselectPlotFields>E>Mag_E
ClickDone
7.1
Example– BandpassFilter
7.1-22 AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
RescaleandAnimateFieldOverlay
Inthemodelwindowright-clickonthecolorscaleandselectModify
EdittheScale tabasshown
Intheprojecttreeright-clickinthebranchHFSSDesign1>Field
Overlays>E-field>Mag_E1 andselectAnimate
ClicktheOK button.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Chapter8.0
Chapter8.0– SignalIntegrityExamples
8.1a– LVDSDifferentialPair
IncludesOptimetricsExample
8.1b– LVDSDifferentialPairTransientSimulation(AnsoftDesigner)
8.2a– SegmentedReturnPath
8.2b– SegmentedReturnPathTDR(AnsoftDesigner)
8.3– Non-IdealPlanes
8.4– ReturnPath
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-1
8.1a
LVDSDifferentialPair
Thisdifferentialpairexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,
andanalyzeadifferentialpairusingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
LowVoltageDifferentialSignaling(LVDS)technologyisusedfor high-
performancebackplanes.TheLVDSisusedformulti-pointcommunicationsand
usesabussimilartosystemshowbelow.Thefollowingillustrationsdetailthe
passivedeviceyouwillbecreating.
LAYER1(TOPSIDE)
LAYER2(SIGNAL1)
LAYER3(BOTTOMSIDE)
26mil
NominalDesign:
Traces:
Width=6mil
Spacing=18mil
Thickness=0.7mil
Length:1000mil
Substrate:
Thickness=26mil
ε
r
=4.4
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-2
8.1a
AnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment areusedto
createthispassivedevicemodel.
3DSolidModeling
Primitives:Box,Rectangles
BooleanOperations:DuplicateAlongLine,SweepAlongVector
Boundaries/Excitations
Ports:WavePorts
Analysis
Sweep: Interpolating
Results
CartesianandSmithChartplotting
FieldOverlays
3DFieldPlots
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-3
8.1a
DesignReview
Beforewejumpintosettingupthisdeviceletsreviewthedesign.
TraceWidth=6mils
TraceLength=1000mils
DielectricHeight=13milsx2
1/2ozcopperTraces/Grounds=0.7mils
PortSize=???
PortWidth
FromtheUsingPortssection,theportwidthshouldbeatleast3-5times
thestackup(78-130mils).Sincethetracesarenotcentered,letsuse5x
andaddthepairspacing(18mils)foratotalport/modelwidthof 220mils.
TraceLength
Sincewearemodelingauniformtransmissionline,wedonotneedto
simulatethe1000milslength.Letsreducethemodelto100mils anduse
de-embeddingtoaddtheextralength.
MaterialProperties
Tostartwith,letsmakeanengineeringassumptionthatthematerial
propertiesareconstantoverfrequency.Inaddition,wewillassumethat
themodelingthetracesasperfectconductorswillnothaveanimpacton
theperformanceofthedevice.Thiswillspeedupthesimulation.Asan
additionalexercise,themodelcanbemodifiedtoincludefrequency
dependentmaterialsandlossyconductors.
GroundPlanes
Sinceweareignoringthemetalconductivity,wedonotneedtocreate
objectsforthegroundplanes.Instead,wewillutilizethebackground
(PerfectConductor)boundary.Ifweneedtoinvestigatetheeffectsof
copper,afiniteconductivityboundaryconditioncanbeusedtosimulatethe
coppergroundplanes.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-4
8.1a
SolutionSetup
SincewearegoingtousethemodelforSPICEsimulation,thefrequencyrange
ofinterestisgoingtobedeterminedbytherise-time(tr)oftheinputsignal.The
maximumfrequencyiscalculatedbytaking0.5/tr,orthekneefrequency,and
multiplyingitbythenumberofsamplespertr.Theminimumfrequencyshould
beselectedasclosetoDCaspossible.
ThefollowingvalueswillbeusedfortheSolutionSetup
Rise-Time(tr):330ps
NumberofSamples:5
UpperFrequency:(0.5/330ps)*5~7.58GHzor8.0GHz
LowerFrequency:0.01GHz
FrequencySpacing:0.01GHz
Single(Adaptive)Frequency:8.0GHz
AdaptivePasses:10
DeltaS:0.02
SweepType:Interpolating
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-5
8.1a
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
Auto-assignterminalsonports::; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. ModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-6
8.1a
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,orselect
themenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-7
8.1a
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. Selectthemenuitem Modeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:mil
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typepec intheSearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-8
8.1a
CreateTrace1
Tocreatetrace1:
1.SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X: 0.0,Y: 9.0, Z: -0.35,Pressthe Enterkey
3.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX: 100.0,dY: 6.0, dZ: 0.7,Pressthe Enterkey
Toparameterizetheobject:
1. SelecttheCommand tabfromtheProperties window
2. ForPosition,type:0.0mil,S/2,-0.35mil,ClicktheTab keytoaccept
AddVariableS:18mil,ClicktheOK button
3. ForYSize,type:W,ClicktheTab keytoaccept
AddVariableW:6mil,ClicktheOK button
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:trace1
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-9
8.1a
CreateTrace2
Tocreatetrace2:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key.
2. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>Mirror.
1. Inputtheanchorpointofthemirrorplane:
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
2. Inputthetargetpointofthevectornormaltothemirrorplane:
dX: 0.0,dY: -1.0,dZ: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
Tosetthename:
UsetheAttribute tabfromthepropertieswindowOr
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>List
2. FromtheModel tab,selecttheobjectnamedtrace1_1
3. ClickthePropertiesbutton
1. FortheValue ofName type:trace2
2. ClicktheOK button
4. ClicktheDone button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-10
8.1a
AddNewMaterial
Toaddanewmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. FromtheSelectDefinitionwindow,clicktheAddMaterial button
3. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. MaterialName:My_FR4
2. RelativePermittivity:4.4
3. ClicktheOK button
4. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-11
8.1a
CreateSubstrate
Tocreatesubstrate:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X: 0.0,Y: -100.0,Z: -13.0,Pressthe Enterkey
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX: 100.0,dY: 200.0,dZ: 26.0,Pressthe Enterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:substrate
Tosetthetransparency:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. ClickthebuttonforTransparency
1. Movetheslidebarto0.8(Opaque=0,Transparency=1)
2. ClicktheOK button
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-12
8.1a
CreateWavePortExcitation
Tosetgridplane
Selectthemenuitem Modeler>GridPlane>YZ
Tocreatearectanglethatrepresentstheport:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertherectangleposition
X: 0.0,Y: -100.0,Z: -13.0,Pressthe Enterkey
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecorneroftherectangle:
dX: 0.0,dY: 200.0,dZ: 26.0,Pressthe Enterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Port1
3. ClicktheOK button
ToselecttheobjectPort1:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Port1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Note:Youcanalsoselecttheobjectfromthe
ModelTree
ToduplicatetheobjectPort1:
1. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>AlongLine
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthefirstpointoftheduplicatevector
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthesecondpointofthe duplicate
vector
dX:100.0,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0, PresstheEnter key
4. DuplicateAlongLineWindows
1. TotalNumber:2
2. ClicktheOK button
5. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
6. FortheValue ofName type:Port2
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-13
8.1a
CreateWavePortExcitation(Continued)
Selecttheobject Port1.Select themenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>
WavePort,awindowappearsandclickOK.Thewaveportandterminalsare
automaticallyassigned.
Note:ReferenceConductorsarenotshown
becauseweareusingtheOuter
boundaryconditionastheReferenceConductor
Setthenameforexcitations:
• ExpandtheExcitations in
ProjectManager
• Clickon WavePort1.
• Changethe nameinthe
Properties window:P1
SetDifferentialpairs
• SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Excitations>Differentialpairs
• ClicktheNewPair button
• ClickOK
Repeattheabovesteps toassignanexcitationfortheobject Port2
andsettheexcitationnameas P2
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-14
8.1a
CreateWavePortExcitation(Continued)
Tosetdeembedding:
1. FromtheProjectManager,selecttheexcitationnamedP2
2. InthePropertieswindow:
1. DeembedDistance:-900mil(PositiveValuesareintothePort)
2. Deembed:; Checked
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-15
8.1a
BoundaryDisplay
Toverifytheboundarysetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>BoundaryDisplay (SolverView)
2. FromtheSolverViewofBoundaries,toggletheVisibilitycheckboxforthe
boundariesyouwishtodisplay.
Note: Thebackground(PerfectConductor)isdisplayedastheouter
boundary.
Note: ThePerfectConductorsaredisplayedasthesmetal boundary.
Note: Selectthemenuitem,View>Visibility tohideallofthe
geometryobjects.Thismakesiteasiertoseetheboundary
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinished.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-16
8.1a
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:8.0GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:20
MaximumDeltaS:0.02
2. ClicktheOptions tab:
DoLambdaRefinement:; Checked
LambdaTarget:UseDefaultValue:; Checked
Orderofbasesfunction:Zeroorder.
3. ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddFrequencySweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Interpolating
2. FrequencySetup:
Type:LinearStep
Start:0.0GHz
Stop:8.0GHz
Step:0.01GHz
3. InterpolatingSweepOptions:
MaxSolutions:50
ErrorTolerance:0.5%
4. ExtrapolatetoDC:; Checked
MinimumSolveFrequency:0.001GHz
5. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-17
8.1a
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_lvds_diffpair
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,seetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeOrclicktheicon
onthetoolbar.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-18
8.1a
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-19
8.1a
CreateReports
CreateDifferentialPairS-ParameterPlot
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolution
DataReport>RectangularPlot
2. ContextWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. TraceWindow
1. Category:TerminalSParameters
2. Quantity:St(Diff1,Diff1),St(Diff1,Comm1),St(Diff1,Diff2)
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheNewReportbutton
5. ClicktheClose button
0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00
Freq [GHz]
-100.00
-80.00
-60.00
-40.00
-20.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 1
CurveInfo
dB(St(Diff1,Diff1))
Setup1: Sweep1
dB(St(Diff1,Comm1))
Setup1: Sweep1
dB(St(Diff1,Diff3))
Setup1: Sweep1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-20
8.1a
CreateDifferentialandCommonPairImpedancesDataTable
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>DataTable
2. ContextWindow:Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
3. TraceWindow
1. Category:TerminalPortZo
2. Quantity:Zot(Diff1,Diff1),Zot(Comm1,Comm1)
3. Function:mag
4. ClicktheNewReportbutton
MatrixData- ExportS-parameterstoafile
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1.SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData,
2.SolutionDatadialog
1.ClicktheMatrixData Tab
2.Simulation:Setup1,Sweep1
3.ClicktheExport button.
1.Filename:hfss_lvds_diffpair
2.SaveasType:Touchstone
3.ClicktheSave button
4.ClicktheOK buttontoaccept50ohm
referenceimpedance
4.ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-21
8.1a
FieldOverlays
SetSources:Common
Tosetthefieldexcitation:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>EditSources
2. EditSourcesWindow:
1. ForTrace1_T1:Usethedefaultvalue
2. ForTrace2_T1:ScalingFactor:1
3. ForTrace1_T2:Terminated:; Checked
4. ForTrace2_T2:Terminated:; Checked
5. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-22
8.1a
CreateFieldOverlay
Tocreateafieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Port1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>PlotFields>E>Mag_E
4. CreateFieldPlotWindow
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. Quantity:Mag_E
3. InVolume:All
4. ClicktheDone button
Tomodifytheattributesofafieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>ModifyPlotAttributes
2. SelectPlotFolderWindow,ClicktheOK button
3. E-FieldWindow:
1. ClicktheScaletab
1. SelectUseLimits
2. Min: 5
3. Max: 10000
4. Scale:Log
2. ClickthePlot tab
1. IsoValType:Fringe
2. Ifrealtimemode isnotchecked,clicktheApply button.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-23
8.1a
CreateFieldOverlay(Cont.)
Tocreateafieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Port1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>PlotFields>E>Vector_E
4. CreateFieldPlotWindow
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. Quantity:Vector_E
3. InVolume:All
4. ClicktheDone button
Tomodifytheattributesofafieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>ModifyPlotAttributes
2. SelectPlotFolderWindow:
1. Select:EField
2. ClicktheOK button
3. E-FieldWindow:
1. ClicktheMarker/Arrow tab
1. Type:Cylinder
2. MapSize:† Unchecked
3. ArrowTale:† Unchecked
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-24
8.1a
SetDifferentialModeFieldExcitation
Tosetthefieldexcitation:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>EditSources
2. EditSourcesWindow:
1. ForTrace2_T1:OffsetPhase:180Deg.
2. ClicktheOK button
Thefieldplotswillautomaticallybeupdatedtoreflectthechanges.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-25
8.1a
OptimetricsSetup– ParametricSweep
Duringthedesignofadevice,itiscommonpracticetodevelopdesigntrendsbasedon
sweptparameters.AnsoftHFSSwithOptimetricsParametricSweep canautomatically
createthesedesigncurves.
Wewillparameterizethisdesignusingtwovariables:
1. VariableWwillvarythewidthoftraces:6≤ W≤ 12mils
2. VariableSwillvarythespacingbetweentraces:15≤ S≤ 21mils
InthepostprocessoryouwillabletodisplayresultsandseehowDifferentialimpedance
changeswiththerespecttotracewidthandspacingbetweentraces.
6≤ W≤ 12mils
15≤ S≤ 21mils
W
S
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-26
8.1a
OptimetricsSetup– ParametricSweep
AddaParametricSweep
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>OptimetricsAnalysis>AddParametric
2. SetupSweepAnalysis Window:
1. ClicktheSweepDefinitions tab:
1. ClicktheAdd button
2. Add/EditSweepDialog
1. Variable:S
2. SelectLinearCount
3. Start:15mil
4. Stop:21mil
5. Count:3
6. ClicktheAdd>> button
7. Variable:W
8. SelectLinearCount
9. Start:6mil
10. Stop:12mil
11. Count:3
12. ClicktheAdd >> button
13. ClicktheOK button
2. ClickontheOptions tab:
1. SaveFieldsAndMesh:;Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-27
8.1a
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>Save.
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. ExpandtheProjectTreetodisplaytheitemslistedunderOptimetrics
2. Right-clickthemouseonParametricSetup1andchooseAnalyze
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-28
8.1a
CreateReports
CreateTerminalPortZo vs S
ToCreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. ContextWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
3. TraceWindow
1. X:S
2. Category:TerminalPortZo
3. Quantity:Zot(Diff1,Diff1),Zot(Comm1,Comm1)
4. Function:Mag
5. ClicktheNewReportbutton
6. ClicktheClose button
15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00
S [mil]
0.00
20.00
40.00
60.00
80.00
100.00
120.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 3
Curve Info
mag(Zot(Comm1,C
Setup1 : LastAdaptive
Freq='8GHz' W='6mil'
mag(Zot(Comm1,C
Setup1 : LastAdaptive
Freq='8GHz' W='9mil'
mag(Zot(Comm1,C
Setup1 : LastAdaptive
Freq='8GHz' W='12mil'
mag(Zot(Diff1,Diff1
Setup1 : LastAdaptive
Freq='8GHz' W='6mil'
mag(Zot(Diff1,Diff1
Setup1 : LastAdaptive
Freq='8GHz' W='9mil'
mag(Zot(Diff1,Diff1
Setup1 : LastAdaptive
Freq='8GHz' W='12mil'
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1a-29
8.1a
FieldOverlays
CreateFieldPlotvs S
Usingtheprojecttree,expandtheFieldOverlay,EField.
DoubleClickonMag_E1 tomakethefieldplotvisible
Right-ClickonMag_E1 andselectAnimate
SetupAnimation
SweptVariable:S
ClicktheOK button
TheAnimationdialogwillappear.
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>Save.
ExitingHFSS
ToExitHFSS:
1. SelectthemenuitemFile>Exit
1. IfpromptedSavethechanges
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1b-1
8.1b
AnsoftDesigner– TransientSimulation
LaunchingAnsoftDesigner
1. ToaccessAnsoftDesigner,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,and
selecttheDesigner programgroup.ClickAnsoftDesigner.
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftDesignerwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,orselect
themenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertCircuitDesign.
3. ClickNone buttonwhenpromptedforChooseLayoutTechnology.
Note: Inthisexamplewearenotcreatingalayoutorusing
componentssuchastransmissionlinesthatrequiresubstrateorstack
upinformation.Ifwedid,thenitisrecommendedtochooseastack
upfromthelistorcreateyourown.
ProjectManagerWindow
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1b-2
8.1b
CreatingtheCircuit
ComponentPlacement
ImportingS-parameters
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>N-Port orclickthetoolbarbutton.
2. IntheN-portdatawindow,
1. SelecttheLinktofile radialbutton
2. ClickthebrowsebuttontolocateandselectyourTouchstonefile:
hfss_lvds_diffpair.s4p
3. ClicktheOpenbutton
3. ClicktheOkbutton
50
50
1
0
0
+
0V
Vpos
V
Vin1
V
Vin2
V
Vout1
V
Vout2
V
+
V
d
i
f
f
+
0V
Vneg
1
2
3
4
Browsebutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1b-3
8.1b
ComponentPlacement– continued
1. Toplacethenewcomponent,singleclickwiththeleftmousebuttoninthe
middleofthescreen.
PlacingResistors,VoltageSources,andVoltageProbes
1. ClicktheComponents tabintheProjectManager window.
Resistors :ExpandLumped->Resistors
VoltageSources: ExpandSources->IndependentSources
Voltageprobes:ExpandProbes
TabsforProject,Components,andSearch
1
2
3
4
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1b-4
8.1b
ComponentPlacement– continued
Place3Resistorsintheschematic
1. IntheComponentsTab,underLumped ->Resistors,doubleclick
Resistors
2. Clicktheleftmousebutton3timestoplace3resistorsinthe
schematic.
3. Toendtheplacement,clicktherightmousebuttonandselect
Finish.(Youcanalsoendtheplacementbypressingthespacebar)
Note:BeforeplacingacomponentontheschematicusetheR keyto
rotate.Ifacomponentisalreadyplaced,usethe<ctrl>R keytorotate.
Changethevalueoftheresistors
1. RightmouseclickthecomponentandthenselectPropertiesinthe
pulldownmenu
2. Changethevaluefrom100to50,thenhitEnter
Note:alternatively,youcanleftmousebuttonclickontheresistorto
bringuptheProperties window(shownbelow)andchangethevalue
from100to50,thenhitEnter
50
50
1
0
0
1
2
3
4
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1b-5
8.1b
ComponentPlacement– continued
PlacePiecewiseLinearSource
1. IntheComponentsTab,underSources->IndependentSources,
doubleclickonVoltageSource.
2. Leftmouseclicktoplacethesourceintheschematic
3. Pressthespacebar tofinishtheplacement
SourceSelectiondialog
1. InthePropertiesWindow,clickEdit
2. ForName type Vpos
3. ForType,choosePiecewiseLinear
4. ClickontheWaveformListBox (whichistheunmarkedcolumnin
betweenUnitandDescriptionasshownbelow)
WaveformListBox
50
50
1
0
0
+
0V
1
2
3
4
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1b-6
8.1b
ComponentPlacement– continued
Piece-wiseWaveformListdialog
1. ClickontheRadialbuttonnexttoEntertime/valuepoints.
2. Entertwopoints:
TimeValue
0 0
330ps1V
Note:makesureyouhit
Enteraftertypingvalues
1. Click OKtofinish
2. Click OKtoexitout
of SourceSelection
AddingSecondSource
1. Repeatthesamestepsasaddingthefirstsourceexceptchange:
1. ForName,type Vneg
2. Thedatapointsto:
TimeValue
00
330ps-1V
50
50
1
0
0
+
0V
+
0V
1
2
3
4
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1b-7
8.1b
ComponentPlacement– continued
AddingWiringtoconnectcomponents
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw->Wire
2. Placethecursor(whichisnowanX)overanodeandleftmouseclickonce
3. Dragthemousetotheconnectionnodeandleftmouseclickonce.
4. Repeatthisprocedureuntiltheconnectionsbelowaremade
AddingGroundConnections
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Ground (alternativelyyoucanselectthe
toolbaricon)
2. Place2groundconnectionsontheendsofthevoltagesources
AddingVoltageProbes
1. IntheComponents tab,expandtheProbes.
2. Place4VoltageProbes andnamethemVin1,Vin2,Vout1,Vout2.
3. PlaceaVoltageProbew/Ref.Node acrossthe100Ohmresistorandname
itVdiff
50
50
1
0
0
+
0V
Vpos
V
Vin1
V
Vin2
V
Vout1
V
Vout2
V
+
V
d
i
f
f
+
0V
Vneg
1
2
3
4
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1b-8
8.1b
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:lvds_diffpair_transient
3. ClicktheSave button
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. IntheProjectManager window,clicktheProject tab
2. SelectthemenuitemCircuit->AddSolutionSetup
3. AnalysisSetupWindow:
1. ForAnalysisType,chooseTransientAnalysis
2. ClickNext
3. AnalysisControl
1. LengthofAnalysis: 2ns
2. MaximumTimeStepAllowed:1ps
4. ConvolutionControl
1. MaximumSamplingFrequency:8GHz
2. DeltaFrequency:0.01GHz
5. ClickFinish
4. SelectthemenuitemCircuit->Analyze
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– LVDSDifferentialPair
8.1b-9
8.1b
CreateReports
PlotInput,OutputandDifferencewaveforms
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemCircuit->CreateReport
2. CreateReportWindow:
1. ReportType:Standard
2. DisplayType:RectangularPlot
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. TracesWindow:
1. Category:Voltage
2. Quantity:V(VPRB:Vin1),V(VPRB:Vin2),V(VPRB:Vout1),
V(VPRB:Vout2),V(VPRB:Diff)
3. Function:<none>
4. ClicktheAddTrace button
5. ClicktheDone button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-1
8.2a
SegmentedReturnPath
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzeatrace
overaslotinthegroundplantusingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
LAYER1(SIGNAL1)
LAYER2(BOTTOMSIDE)
1.3mm
NominalDesign:
Board:
Thickness=1.3mm
ε
r
=4.5
Trace:
Length=8.2cm
Termination:47Ω
8mm
4cm
5cm 6mm 3.4cm 1cm
1cm
3mm
6cm
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-2
8.2a
AnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment areusedtocreate
thispassivedevicemodel
3DSolidModeling
Primitives:Box,Rectangles
BooleanOperations: Subtract
Boundaries/Excitations
Ports:LumpedPort
BoundaryConditions:LumpedRLC,PML
Analysis
Sweep: InterpolatingSweep
Results
CartesianandSmithChartplotting
FieldOverlays
MagnitudeandVectorFieldPlotting
Animation
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-3
8.2a
DesignReview
Beforewejumpintosettingupthisdeviceletsreviewthedesign.
TraceWidth=3mm
TraceLength=8.2cm
DielectricHeight=1.3mm
PortSize/Type=???
FreeSpace=PMLorRadiationBoundary
PortSize/Type
Sincethetraceisinternaltothemodel,let’susealumpedgapsourceport
TraceThickness/MaterialProperties
Tostartlet’smakeanengineeringassumptionthatthetracethicknessand
conductivitywillnothaveanimpactontheperformanceofthedevice.This
willspeedupthesimulation.
FreeSpace
Weshouldexpectsomeradiationtooccurbecauseoftheslotintheground,
however,itshouldnotbeverystrong.Becausethereislimited radiationthe
separationfromthedeviceandthefree-spaceboundarycanbekepttoa
minimum.Theincidenceangleoftheradiationisunknown,thereforewe
shoulduseaPML.Themaximumspacingwillbe~λ/20@1GHzorabout
1.5cm
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-4
8.2a
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
Auto-assignterminalsonports::; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. ModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-5
8.2a
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,orselect
themenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-6
8.2a
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. Selectthemenuitem Modeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:cm
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. ClicktheAddMaterial button
2. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. FortheMaterialName type:My_FR4
2. FortheValue ofRelativePermittivity type:4.5
3. ClicktheOK button
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-7
8.2a
CreateBoard
Tocreatetheboard:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:6.0,dY:10.0,dZ:-1.3mm,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Board
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.OrpresstheCTRL+D key
CreateGround
Tocreateground:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:-1.3mm,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:6.0,dY:10.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Ground
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-8
8.2a
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
TocreateanoffsetCoordinateSystem:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>
RelativeCS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:0.0,Y:5.0,Z:-1.3mm,PresstheEnter key
CreateGroundCutOut
Tocreatecutout:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:4.0,dY:6.0mm,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
SelectGround&Rectangle1:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Ground,Rectangle1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tocompletethegroundobject:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Boolean>Subtract
2. SubtractWindow
BlankParts:Ground
ToolParts:Rectangle1
Clonetoolobjectsbeforesubtract:† Unchecked
ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-9
8.2a
AssignaPerfectEboundarytotheGround
Toselecttheground:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Ground
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignthePerfectEboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectE
2. PerfectEBoundarywindow
1. Name:PerfE_Ground
2. ClicktheOK button
SetWorkingCoordinateSystem
Tosettheworkingcoordinatesystem:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>CoordinateSystem>SetWorkingCS
2. SelectCoordinateSystemWindow,
1. Fromthelist,selecttheCS:Global
2. ClicktheSelect button
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
TocreateanoffsetCoordinateSystem:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>
RelativeCS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:1.0,Y:8.0mm,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-10
8.2a
CreateTrace
Tocreatetrace:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:3.0mm,dY:8.2,dZ:0.0, PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Trace
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AssignaPerfectEboundarytotheTrace
Toselectthetrace:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Trace
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignthePerfectEboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectE
2. PerfectEBoundarywindow
1. Name:PerfE_Trace
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-11
8.2a
SetGridPlane
SelectthemenuitemModeler>GridPlane>XZ
CreateSource
Tocreatesource:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:3.0mm,dY:0.0,dZ:-1.3mm,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Source
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-12
8.2a
AssignExcitation
ToselecttheobjectSource:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Source
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Note:YoucanalsoselecttheobjectfromtheModelTree
Toassignlumpedportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>LumpedPort
2. ConductingObject:Trace
3. ReferenceConductors:Ground
4. ClickOK
Setthenameforexcitations:
1. ExpandtheExcitations inProjectManager
2. Clickon LumpPort1.
3. Changethe NameintheProperties window:p1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-13
8.2a
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>
RelativeCS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:0.0,Y:8.2,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
CreateResistor
Tocreatesource:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:3.0mm,dY:0.0,dZ:-1.3mm,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Resistor
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-14
8.2a
AssignLumpedRLC
ToselecttheobjectResistor:
1.SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2.SelectObjectDialog,
1.Selecttheobjectsnamed:Resistor
2.ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignlumpedRLCboundary
1.Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>LumpedRLC
2.LumpedRLCBoundary
1.Name:R,
2.Resistance:; Checked
3.Resistance:47Ohm
4.ForCurrentFlowLine,clickUndefined andselectNewLine
5.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevectorposition
X:1.5mm,Y:0.0,Z:-1.3mm,PresstheEnter key
6.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertex
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:1.3mm, PresstheEnter key
7.ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-15
8.2a
SetWorkingCoordinateSystem
Tosettheworkingcoordinatesystem:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>SetWorkingCS
2. SelectCoordinateSystemWindow,
1. Fromthelist,selecttheCS:Global
2. ClicktheSelect button
CreateAir
TosetthedefaultmaterialasAir
Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
Tocreatetheair:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-1.5,Y:-1.5,Z:-1.5,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:9.0,dY:13.0,dZ:3.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Air
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-16
8.2a
AssignaPerfectlyMatchedLayer(PML)
Toselecttheair:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces
2. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Selectbyname
3. ObjectName:Air
1. FaceID:<SelectAll>
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignthePMLboundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>PMLSetupWizard
2. PMLSetupWizard:CoverObjects
1. Select:CreatePMLCoverObjectsonSelectedFaces
2. UniformLayerThickness:1cm
3. Createjoiningcornerandedgeobjects:; Checked
4. ClicktheNext button
3. PMLSetupWizard:MaterialParameters
1. Select:PML Objectsaccept FreeRadiation
1. MinFrequency:0.01GHz
2. Radiationdistance:56.33mm
3. ClicktheNext button
2. ReviewsettingsonthePMLSetupWizard:Summarypage.
3. ClicktheFinish button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-17
8.2a
CreateaFaceList
SinceweareusingthePML,weneedtocreateafacelistthatwillbeusedforthe
radiationcalculation.
Tocreateafacelist
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces
2. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
3. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Air
2. FaceID:<SelectAll>
3. ClicktheOKbutton
4. SelectthemenuitemModeler>List>Create>FaceList
CreateaRadiationSetup
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Radiation>InsertFarFieldSetup>Infinite
Sphere
2. FarFieldRadiationSphereSetupdialog
InfiniteSphere Tab
1. Name:Radiation
2. Phi:(Start:0,Stop:360,StepSize:10)
3. Theta:(Start:-180,Stop:180,StepSize:2)
4. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-18
8.2a
BoundaryDisplay
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>BoundaryDisplay (SolverView)
2. FromtheSolverViewofBoundaries,toggletheVisibilitycheckboxforthe
boundariesyouwishtodisplay.
Note: Thebackground(PerfectConductor)isdisplayedastheouter
boundary.
Note: ThePerfectConductorsaredisplayedasthesmetal boundary.
Note: Selectthemenuitem,View>Visibility tohideallofthe
geometryobjects.Thismakesiteasiertoseetheboundary
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinished.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-19
8.2a
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:2.5GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:20
MaximumDeltaS:0.02
2. ClicktheOptions tab:
DoLambdaRefinement:; Checked
LambdaTarget:UseDefaultValue; Checked
OrderofBasisfunction:Zero-Order
ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddFrequencySweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Interpolating
2. FrequencySetup:
Type:LinearStep
Start:0.0GHz
Stop:2.5GHz
Step:0.01GHz
3. InterpolatingSweepOptions:
MaxSolutions:20
ErrorTolerance:0.5%
4. ExtrapolatetoDC:; Checked
MinimumSolveFrequency:0.001GHz
5. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-20
8.2a
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_seg_gplane
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Analyze
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-21
8.2a
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-22
8.2a
CreateReports
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlotvs.AdaptivePass
Note:Ifthisreportiscreatedpriororduringthesolutionprocess,areal-timeupdate
oftheresultsaredisplayed
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionDataReport
>RectangularPlot
2. ContextWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:AdaptivePass
3. TraceWindow
1. Category:TerminalSParameters
2. Quantity:St(Trace_T1,Trace_T1)
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheNewReportbutton
5. ClicktheClose button
1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00
Pass
-1.40
-1.30
-1.20
-1.10
-1.00
-0.90
-0.80
-0.70
-0.60
d
B
(
S
t
(
T
r
a
c
e
_
T
1
,
T
r
a
c
e
_
T
1
)
)
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 4
Curve Inf o
dB(St(Trace_T1,Trace_T1))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-23
8.2a
CreateZ-ParameterPlot– Real/Imaginary
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. ContextWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. TraceWindow
1. Category:Terminal ZParameter
2. Quantity:Zt(Trace_T1,Trace_T1)
3. Function:Re,Im
4. ClicktheNewReportbutton
5. ClicktheClose button
4. ToaddanadditionalY-Axis
forim(Z(p1,p1))
1. ClickIm(Z)inProjectManager
2. InthePropertieswindow:
SelectY1inYAxiscolumn
andtoggleittoY2
0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50
Freq [GHz]
0.00
50.00
100.00
150.00
200.00
250.00
300.00
350.00
400.00
450.00
r
e
(
Z
t
(
T
r
a
c
e
_
T
1
,
T
r
a
c
e
_
T
1
)
)
-200.00
-150.00
-100.00
-50.00
0.00
50.00
100.00
150.00
200.00
250.00
i
m
(
Z
t
(
T
r
a
c
e
_
T
1
,
T
r
a
c
e
_
T
1
)
)
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 5
Curve Info
re(Zt(Trace_T1,Trace_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
im(Zt(Trace_T1,Trace_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-24
8.2a
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlot– SmithChart
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>SmithChart
2. ContextWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
3. TraceWindow
1. Category:TerminalSParameters
2. Quantity:St(Trace_T1,Trace_T1)
3. Function:<none>
4. ClicktheNewReportbutton
5. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-25
8.2a
MatrixData- ExportS-parameterstoafile
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData,
2. SolutionDatadialog
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
2. Simulation:Setup1,Sweep1
3. ClicktheExport button.
1. Filename:hfss_seg_gplane
2. SaveasType:Touchstone
3. ClicktheSave button
4. ClicktheOK buttontoaccept50ohmreferenceimpedance
4. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-26
8.2a
Create3DPolarFarFieldPlot
Tocreatea3DFarFieldPlot
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateFarFieldsReport>3D
PolarPlot
2. ContextWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. Geometry:Radiation
3. TracesWindow:
1. Category: rE
2. Quantity:rETotal
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheNewReportbutton
5. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-27
8.2a
FieldOverlays
CreateFieldOverlay
Tocreateafieldplot:
1. ConfirmyouareinObjectSelect modebyright-clickinginthegeometry
window,andselectingfromcontextmenuifnecessary.
2. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
3. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Board
2. ClicktheOKbutton
4. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>PlotFields>E>Mag_E
5. CreateFieldPlotWindow
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. Quantity:Mag_E
3. InVolume:All
4. ClicktheDone button
TomodifyaMagnitudefieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>ModifyPlotAttributes
2. SelectPlotFolderWindow:
1. Select:EField
2. ClicktheOK button
3. E-FieldWindow:
1. ClicktheScaletab
1. SelectUseLimits
2. Min: 1
3. Max: 4500
4. Scale:Log
2. ClickthePlots Tab
1. ScalarPlot:IsoValSurface
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-28
8.2a
CreateFieldOverlay
Tocreateafieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Ground
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>PlotFields>Other>
Vector_RealPoynting
4. CreateFieldPlotWindow
1. Solution:Setup1:LastAdaptive
2. Quantity:Vector_RealPoynting
3. InVolume:All
4. ClicktheDone button
Tomodifytheattributesofafieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>ModifyPlotAttributes
2. SelectPlotFolderWindow:
1. Select:Poynting
2. ClicktheOK button
3. Poynting Window:
1. ClicktheScaletab
1. SelectUseLimits
2. Min: 0.01
3. Max: 2500
4. Scale:Log
2. ClicktheMarker/Arrow tab,intheArrowOption window
1. Type:Cylinder
2. MapSize:† Unchecked
3. ArrowTale:† Unchecked
4. Ifrealtimemode isnotchecked,clicktheApply button.
4. ClicktheClose button
ExitingHFSS
ToExitHFSS:
SelectthemenuitemFile>Exit Orclick
1. IfpromptedSavethechanges
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-29
8.2a
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2a-30
8.2a
CreateZ-ParameterPlot– TimeDomainResponse(TDR)
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. ContextWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Time
3. ClickTDROptions,Options Windowappears:
1. InputSignal:Step.Risetime:1ns
2. MaximumPlottime:6ns.
3. Deltatime:0.1ns
4. ClickOK
4. TraceWindow
1. X:Time
2. Category:Terminal TDRImpedance
3. Quantity:TDRZt(Trace_T1)
4. Function:None
5. ClicktheNewResultbutton
6. ClicktheClose button
0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00
Time [ns]
40.00
45.00
50.00
55.00
60.00
65.00
70.00
T
D
R
Z
t
(
T
r
a
c
e
_
T
1
)
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 7
Curve Info
TDRZt(Trace_T1)
Setup1 : Sweep1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-1
8.2b
AnsoftDesigner– TransientSimulation
LaunchingAnsoftDesigner
1. ToaccessAnsoftDesigner,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,and
selecttheDesigner programgroup.ClickAnsoftDesigner.
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftDesignerwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,orselect
themenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertCircuitDesign.
3. ClickNone buttonwhenpromptedforChooseLayoutTechnology.
Note: Inthisexamplewearenotcreatingalayoutorusing
componentssuchastransmissionlinesthatrequiresubstrateorstack
upinformation.Ifwedid,thenitisrecommendedtochooseastack
upfromthelistorcreateyourown.
ProjectManagerWindow
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-2
8.2b
1
50
Z=50
P=10000mil
+
0V
Source1
V
v1
V
v2
CreatingtheCircuit
ComponentPlacement
ImportingS-parameters
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>N-Port orclickthetoolbarbutton.
2. IntheN-portdatawindow,
1. SelecttheLinktofile radialbutton
2. ClickthebrowsebuttontolocateandselectyourTouchstonefile:
hfss_seg_gplane.s1p
3. ClicktheOpenbutton
3. ClicktheOkbutton
Browse
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-3
8.2b
ComponentPlacement– continued
1. Toplacethenewcomponent,singleclickwiththeleftmousebuttoninthe
middleofthescreen.
PlacingResistors,VoltageSources,andVoltageProbes
1. ClicktheComponents tabintheProjectManager window.
Resistors :ExpandLumped->Resistors
VoltageSources: ExpandSources->IndependentSources
Voltageprobes:ExpandProbes
TabsforProject,Components,andSearch
1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-4
8.2b
ComponentPlacement– continued
PlaceaResistorintheschematic
1. IntheComponentsTab,underLumped ->Resistors,doubleclick
Resistor
2. Clicktheleftmousebuttononcetoplacearesistorintheschematic.
3. Toendtheplacement,clicktherightmousebuttonandselect
Finish.(Youcanalsoendtheplacementbypressingthespacebar)
Changethevalueoftheresistor
1. RightmouseclickthecomponentandthenselectPropertiesinthe
pulldownmenu
2. Changethevaluefrom100to50,thenhitEnter
Note:alternatively,youcanleftmousebuttonclickontheresistorto
bringuptheProperties window(shownbelow)andchangethevalue
from100to50,thenhitEnter
1
100
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-5
8.2b
ComponentPlacement– continued
PlaceaCoaxialCableintheschematic
1. IntheComponentsTab,underCoaxialCable,doubleclickCoaxial
Cable,K
2. Clicktheleftmousebuttononcetoplaceacoaxialcableinthe
schematic.
3. Pressthespacebar tofinishtheplacement
Changethephysicallengthofthecoaxialcable
1. RightmouseclickthecomponentandthenselectPropertiesinthe
pulldownmenu
2. ChangethevalueofP to10000mil,thenhitEnter
1
50
Z=50
P=10000mil
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-6
8.2b
ComponentPlacement– continued
PlacePiecewiseLinearSource
1. IntheComponentsTab,underSources->IndependentSources,
doubleclickonVoltageSource.
2. Leftmouseclicktoplacethesourceintheschematic
3. Pressthespacebar tofinishtheplacement
SourceSelectiondialog
1. InthePropertiesWindow,clickEdit
2. ForName type Vin
3. ForType,choosePiecewiseLinear
4. ClickontheWaveformListBox (whichistheunmarkedcolumnin
betweenUnitandDescriptionasshownbelow)
WaveformListBox
1
50
Z=50
P=10000mil
+
0V
Source1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-7
8.2b
ComponentPlacement– continued
Piece-wiseWaveformListdialog
1. ClickontheRadialbuttonnexttoEntertime/valuepoints.
2. Entertwopoints:
TimeValue
0 0
1ns1V
Note: makesureyouhitEnteraftertypingvalues
1. Clickthe OKbutton
1. Clickthe OKbutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-8
8.2b
ComponentPlacement– continued
AddingWiringtoconnectcomponents
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw->Wire
2. Placethecursor(whichisnowanX)overanodeandleftmouseclickonce
3. Dragthemousetotheconnectionnodeandleftmouseclickonce.
4. Repeatthisprocedureuntiltheconnectionsbelowaremade
AddingGroundConnections
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Ground (alternativelyyoucanselectthe
toolbaricon)
2. Placeagroundconnectionontheendofthevoltagesource
AddingVoltageProbes
1. IntheComponents tab,expandtheProbes.
2. Place2VoltageProbes andnamethemv1,v2.
1
50
Z=50
P=10000mil
+
0V
Source1
V
v1
V
v2
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-9
8.2b
CreatingtheCircuit
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftDesignerwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_seg_gplane_tdr
3. ClicktheSave button
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. IntheProjectManager window,clicktheProject tab
2. SelectthemenuitemCircuit->AddSolutionSetup
3. AnalysisSetupWindow:
1. ForAnalysisType,chooseTransientAnalysis
2. ClickNext
3. AnalysisControl
1. LengthofAnalysis: 8ns
2. MaximumTimeStepAllowed:1ps
4. ConvolutionControl
1. MaximumSamplingFrequency:2.5GHz
2. DeltaFrequency:0.01GHz
5. ClickFinish
4. SelectthemenuitemCircuit->Analyze
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-10
8.2b
CreateReports
PlotInput,Outputwaveforms
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemCircuit->CreateReport
2. CreateReportWindow:
1. ReportType:Standard
2. DisplayType:RectangularPlot
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. TracesWindow:
1. Category:Voltage
2. Quantity:V(VPRB:V1),V(VPRB:V2)
3. Function:<none>
4. ClicktheAddTrace button
5. ClicktheDone button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-11
8.2b
CreateReports
PlotTDR
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemCircuit->CreateReport
2. CreateReportWindow:
1. ReportType:Standard
2. DisplayType:RectangularPlot
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. ClickonOutputVariables buttontocreateTDRequation
1. Name:typeTDR
2. Expression:V(VPRB:v2)/(V(VPRB:v1)-V(VPRB:v2))*50
Note:Tocreatetheaboveexpression,followthesesteps:
1. Category:Voltage
2. Quantity:V(VPRB:v2)
3. ClickInsertQuantityintoExpression button
4. Type/ thentype(
5. Quantity:V(VPRB:v1)
6. ClickInsertQuantityintoExpression button
7. Type-
8. Quantity:V(VPRB:v2)
9. ClickInsertQuantityintoExpression button
10. Type)
11. Type*50
3. ClicktheAddbutton
4. ClicktheDone button
Š TracesWindow:
Š Category:OutputVariables
Š Quantity:TDR
Š Function:<none>
Š ClicktheAddTrace button
Š ClicktheDone button(seenextpageforTDRplot)
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.2b-12
8.2b
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-1
8.3
Non-IdealGroundPlane
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzenon-
idealgroundplanesusingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
NominalDesign:
Ground:
Thickness=0.1mm
Board:
Thickness=0.9mm
ε
r
=1
Trace:
Length=10mm
Width=1mm
Thickness=0.1mm
Via:
Diameter=1mm
Height=0.9mm
bot_gnd
top_gnd
trace1
V
i
a
trace2
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-2
8.3
AnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment
ThefollowingfeaturesoftheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment areusedto
createthispassivedevicemodel
3DSolidModeling
Primitives:Box,Rectangles,Cylinders
BooleanOperations:Subtract,Unite,Duplicate
Boundary
BoundaryConditions:PerfectH/Natural
Excitations
Ports:LumpedGapSourcePort
Analysis
Sweep:FastFrequency
Results
Cartesianplotting
Fields
FastFrequencySweep/FieldPlots
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-3
8.3
DesignReview
Beforewejumpintosettingupthisdeviceletsreviewthedesign.
PortSize/Type=???
FreeSpace=???
PortSize/Type
Sincethetraceisinternaltothemodel,letsusealumpedgapsourceport
TraceThickness/MaterialProperties
Tostartwithperfectconductor,letsmakeanengineeringassumptionthatthe
traceconductivitywillnothaveanimpactontheperformanceof thedevice.
Thiswillspeedupthesimulation.
FreeSpace
Sinceweareonlyinterestedinthemodesthatoccurbetweenthe ground
planes,wecanuseaPerfectHoropenboundarycondition.Weshould
expecttogetthesameanswerusinganOpen(PerfectH)or
matched(Radiation)boundary.Theradiationboundarytakeslongertosolve
sinceitrequiresacomplexsolve.
YoudoneedtousesomecautionwhenusingPerfectHboundary
conditionsinplaceofradiationboundaries.ThePerfectHand
SymmetryPerfectHaremathematicallyequivalent.Thereforeifyou
aresimulatingasubsectionofalargergeometry,youhavethe
potentialtocreatemodesthataretheresultoftheboundarycondition
ornon-physical.Inourexample,thePerfectHisappliedtotheoutside
ofthemodelandnotalonganysymmetryplanes.
ItshouldbenotedthatthePerfectHboundaryconditioncanbeused
withtheDrivenandEigenmodesolver.TheRadiationboundaryis
onlysupportedbytheDrivenSolution.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-4
8.3
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
Auto-assignterminalsonports::; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. ModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-5
8.3
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,orselect
themenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-6
8.3
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:mm
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typepec intheSearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-7
8.3
CreateTrace
Tocreatethetrace:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-0.5,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:1.0,dY:-10.0,dZ:0.1,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Trace
3. PressEnter
Tofittheview:
SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
CreateViaPad
Tocreatetheviapad:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PressEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.75,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PressEnter
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:0.1,PressEnter
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Via_pad
3. PressEnter
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-8
8.3
GrouptheTrace&ViaPad
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key.
2. Selectthemenuitem,Modeler>Boolean>Unite
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>
RelativeCS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:-0.2,PresstheEnter key
CreateGround
Todrawtheground:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-10.0,Y:-20.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:20.0,dY:40.0,dZ:0.1,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Ground
3. PressEnter
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-9
8.3
CreateAnti-Pad
Tocreatetheanti-pad:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:1.0,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:0.1,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Antipad
3. PressEnter
SelectGround&Antipad:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Ground ,Antipad
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tocompletethegroundobject:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Boolean>Subtract
2. SubtractWindow
BlankParts:Ground
ToolParts:Antipad
Clonetoolobjectsbeforesubtract:† Unchecked
ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-10
8.3
SetWorkingCoordinateSystem
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>SetWorkingCS
2. SelectCoordinateSystemWindow,
1. Fromthelist,selecttheCS:Global
2. ClicktheSelect button
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>
RelativeCS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:-0.5,Y:-10.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
SetGridPlane
SelectthemenuitemModeler>GridPlane>XZ
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-11
8.3
CreateSource
Tocreatesource:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:1.0,dY:0.0,dZ:-0.1,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Source
3. ClicktheOK button
Tozoomin
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-12
8.3
AssignExcitation
ToselecttheobjectSource:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Source
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Note:YoucanalsoselecttheobjectfromtheModelTree
Toassignlumpedportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>LumpedPort
2. ConductingObject:Via_pad
3. ReferenceConductors:Ground
4. ClickOK
Setthenameforexcitations:
1. ExpandtheExcitations inProjectManager
2. Clickon LumpPort1.
3. Changethe NameintheProperties window:p1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-13
8.3
SetWorkingCoordinateSystem
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>SetWorkingCS
2. SelectCoordinateSystemWindow,
1. Fromthelist,selecttheCS:Global
2. ClicktheSelect button
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>
RelativeCS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:-0.45,PresstheEnter key
DuplicateObjects
Toduplicatetheexistingobjects:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key.
2. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>AroundAxis.
1. Axis:X
2. Angle:180
3. TotalNumber:2
4. ClicktheOKbutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-14
8.3
AssignExcitationfortheDuplicatedSource
ToselecttheobjectSource:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Source_1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Note:YoucanalsoselecttheobjectfromtheModelTree
Toassignlumpedportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>AutoAssignTerminals
2. ConductingObject:Via_pad_1
3. ReferenceConductors:Ground_1
4. ClickOK
Setthenameforexcitations:
1. ExpandtheExcitations inProjectManager
2. Clickon LumpPort2.
3. Changethe NameintheProperties window:p2
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-15
8.3
SetWorkingCoordinateSystem
Tosettheworkingcoordinatesystem:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>SetWorkingCS
2. SelectCoordinateSystemWindow,
1. Fromthelist,selecttheCS:Global
2. ClicktheSelect button
CreateVia
Tocreatethevia:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.5,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:-0.9,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Via
3. PresstheEnterkey
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>Create>
RelativeCS>Offset
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
X:-5.0,Y:-10.0,Z:-0.2,PresstheEnter key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-16
8.3
CreateGroundVia
TocreatetheGroundVia:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecylinderposition
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradius:
dX:0.5,dY:0.0,dZ:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheight:
dX:0.0,dY:0.0,dZ:-0.5,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Via_GND
3. PresstheEnterkey
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
SetWorkingCoordinateSystem
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystem>SetWorkingCS
2. SelectCoordinateSystemWindow,
1. Fromthelist,selecttheCS:Global
2. ClicktheSelect button
SetDefaultMaterial
Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-17
8.3
CreateBoard
Tocreatetheboard:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-10.0,Y:-20.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:20.0,dY:40.0,dZ:-0.9,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Board
3. PresstheEnterkey
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
CreateAir
TocreatetheAir:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-15.0,Y:-25.0,Z:-5.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:30.0,dY:50.0,dZ:10.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Air
3. PresstheEnter key
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-18
8.3
AssignPerfectH/NaturalBoundaries
ToselecttheobjectAir:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Air
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignPerfectHBoundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectH…
2. ClicktheOKbutton
BoundaryDisplay
Toverifytheboundarysetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>BoundaryDisplay (SolverView)
2. FromtheSolverViewofBoundaries,toggletheVisibilitycheckboxforthe
boundariesyouwishtodisplay.
Note: ThePerfectConductorsaredisplayedasthesmetal boundary.
Note: Selectthemenuitem,View>Visibility tohideallofthe
geometryobjects.Thismakesiteasiertoseetheboundary
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinished.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-19
8.3
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:10.0GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:20
MaximumDeltaS:0.02
2. ClicktheOptions tab:
DoLambdaRefinement:; Checked
LambdaTarget:UseDefaultValue:; Checked
OrderofBasisfunction:ZeroOrder
ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddFrequencySweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Fast
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearCount
Start: 0.1GHz
Stop:10.0GHz
Count:991
SaveFields: ; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-20
8.3
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_nonidealgnd
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. Click
2. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Analyze
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-21
8.3
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-22
8.3
CreateReports
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlotvs.AdaptivePass
Note:Ifthisreportiscreatedpriororduringthesolutionprocess,areal-time
updateoftheresultsaredisplayed
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. ContextWindow:
Solution:Setup1:AdaptivePass
3. TraceWindow
1. X:Pass
2. Category:TerminalSParameters
3. Quantity:St(Via_pad_T1,Via_pad_T1),
St(Via_pad_T1,Via_pad2_T1)
4. Function:dB
5. ClicktheNewReportbutton
6. ClicktheClose button
1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00
Pass
-10.00
-9.00
-8.00
-7.00
-6.00
-5.00
-4.00
-3.00
-2.00
-1.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 1
Curve Inf o
dB(St(Via_pad_T1,Via_pad_T1))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
dB(St(Via_pad_T1,Via_pad2_T1))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-23
8.3
CreateTerminal SPlotvs Frequency
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. ContextWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. TraceWindow
1. Category:TerminalSParameters
2. Quantity:St(Via_pad_T1,Via_pad_T1),St(Via_pad_T1,Via_pad2_T1)
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheNewReportbutton
5. ClicktheClose button
ToadddatamarkertothePlots
1. SelectthemenuitemReport2D>Marker>AddMarker
2. Movecursortotheresonantpointsontheplottingcurveandclicktheleft
mousebutton
3. Whenyouarefinishedplacingmarkersattheresonances,PressESCOr
right-clickthemouseandselectExitMarkerMode.
0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00
Freq [GHz]
-60.00
-50.00
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
d
B
(
S
t
(
V
i
a
_
p
a
d
_
T
1
,
V
i
a
_
p
a
d
_
T
1
)
)
-45.00
-40.00
-35.00
-30.00
-25.00
-20.00
-15.00
-10.00
-5.00
0.00
d
B
(
S
t
(
V
i
a
_
p
a
d
_
T
1
,
V
i
a
_
p
a
d
2
_
T
1
)
)
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 2
m3
m4
m5
m1
m2
Curve Info
dB(St(Via_pad_T1,Via_pad_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Via_pad_T1,Via_pad2_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
Name X Y
m1 1.8900 -23.1277
m2 7.1200 -41.2129
m3 7.1900 -27.5892
m4 8.1300 -17.3141
m5 4.3200 -33.6035
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-24
8.3
FieldOverlays
CreateFieldOverlay
SelecttheRelativeCSXYPlane
1. UsingtheModelTree,expandPlanes
1. SelectRelativeCS3XY
Note: RelativeCS3XY planeistheplanebetweenthetwoGround
planes.
2. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>PlotFields>E>Mag_E
3. CreateFieldPlotWindow
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. IntrinsicVariables:Freq:1.9GHz;Phase:0deg
3. Quantity:Mag_E
4. InVolume:Board
5. ClicktheDone button
Tomodifytheattributesofafieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>ModifyPlotAttributes
2. SelectPlotFolderWindow:
1. Select:EField
2. ClicktheOK button
3. E-FieldWindow:
1. ClicktheScaletab
1. SelectUseLimits
2. Min: 5
3. Max: 3500
4. Scale:Log
2. ClickthePlots Tab
1. ScalarPlot:Fringe
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– Non-IdealPlanes
8.3-25
8.3
CreateFieldOverlay– AdditionalFrequencyPoints
TomodifytheFrequencyofafieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>ModifyPlot
2. SelectFieldPlotWindow:
1. Select:Mag_E1
2. ClicktheOK button
3. ModifyFieldPlotWindow
1. IntrinsicVariables:Freq: 7.1GHz
2. ClicktheDone button
ExitingHFSS
ToExitHFSS:
1. SelectthemenuitemFile>Exit
1. IfpromptedSavethechanges
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-1
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
ReturnPath
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzethe
returnpathexamplesusedintheBoundary/ExcitationsOverviewfortheAnsoft
HFSSDesignEnvironment.
Port1
Port2 Port3
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-2
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
Auto-assignterminalsonports::; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. ModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-3
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,orselect
themenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-4
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:mm
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typepec intheSearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-5
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
CreateConductor
Tocreatetheconductor:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Line
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertexpoint:
X:-5.0,Y:-0.24,Z:0.1,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertexpoint:
X:-1.0,Y:-0.24,Z:0.1,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertexpoint:
X:-1.0,Y:-0.24,Z:1.1, PresstheEnter key
5. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertexpoint:
X:0.0,Y:-0.24,Z:1.1, PresstheEnter key
6. Usingthemouse,right-clickandselectDone
7. ClicktheOK buttonwhenthePropertiesdialogappears
Tosetthegridplane:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>GridPlane>YZ
Tocreateconductorprofile:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-5.0,Y:-0.3,Z:0.1,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebaserectangle:
dX:0.0,dY:0.12,dZ:0.02,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Cond
3. PresstheEnterkey
ToSweeptheprofile:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key
2. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Sweep>AlongPath
3. ClicktheOK buttonwhentheSweepalongpathdialogappears
Tofittheview:
SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
OrpresstheCTRL+D key
Orclicktheicononthetoolbar
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-6
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
DuplicateConductor
Toselecttheobject:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.
Toduplicatetheconductor:
1. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>AlongLine.
1. ClickClose inMeasureDataWindow
2. FirstPoint:X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0PresstheEnter key
3. SecondPoint:dX:0.0,dY:0.24,dZ:0.0PresstheEnter key
4. TotalNumber:3
5. ClicktheOKbutton
MirrorConductor
Toduplicatetheexistingobjects:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.OrpresstheCTRL+A key.
2. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>Mirror.
1. Inputtheanchorpointofthemirrorplane:
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
2. Inputthetargetpointofthevectornormaltothemirrorplane:
dX: 1.0,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
GroupConductors
Togrouptheconductors:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible.
2. SelectthemenuitemModeler >Boolean>Unite
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-7
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
CreateGround
Tocreatetheground:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-5.0,Y:-1.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:4.0,dY:2.0,dZ:-0.02,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:GND
3. ClicktheOK button
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
MirrorGround
ToselecttheobjectGND:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:GND
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tomirrortheground:
1. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>Mirror.
1. Inputtheanchorpointofthemirrorplane:
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
2. Inputthetargetpointofthevectornormaltothemirrorplane:
dX: 1.0,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-8
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
SetGridPlane
Tosetthegridplane:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>GridPlane>YZ
CreateSource
Tocreatesource:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:5.0,Y:-0.06,Z:0.1,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:0.0,dY:0.12,dZ:-0.1,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Source
3. PresstheEnter key
Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-9
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
AssignExcitation
ToselecttheobjectSource:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Source
2. PresstheEnter key
Note:YoucanalsoselecttheobjectfromtheModelTree
Toassignlumpedportexcitation
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>LumpedPort
2. ConductingObject:Cond
3. ReferenceConductors:GND_1
4. ClickOK
Setthenameforexcitations:
1. ExpandtheExcitations inProjectManager
2. Clickon LumpPort1.
3. TheProperties window:Name :p1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-10
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
CreateSource2
ToselectSource:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Source
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tomirrorthesource:
1. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>Mirror.
1. Inputtheanchorpointofthemirrorplane:
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
2. Inputthetargetpointofthevectornormaltothemirrorplane:
dX: 1.0,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
CreateSource3
ToselectSource:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Source_1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tomirrorthesource:
1. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>Mirror.
1. Inputtheanchorpointofthemirrorplane:
X: 0.0,Y: 0.12,Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
2. Inputthetargetpointofthevectornormaltothemirrorplane:
dX: 0.0,dY: 1.0,dZ: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-11
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
AssignExcitation(Cont.)
Note:Althoughportshavebeenduplicated,terminalsneedtobeassignedusing
“AutoAssignTerminals”
AutoAssignTerminalsforPort2
1. Selectp2 fromtheprojectmanager window.
2. Rightclickp2.ChooseAutoassignTerminals
3. ConductingObject:Cond
4. ReferenceConductors:GND
5. ClickOK
AutoAssignTerminalsforPort3
1. Selectp3 fromtheprojectmanager window.
2. Rightclickp3.ChooseAutoassignTerminals
3. ConductingObject:Cond
4. ReferenceConductors:GND
5. ClickOK
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-12
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
AddNewMaterial
Toaddanewmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. FromtheSelectDefinitionwindow,clicktheAddMaterial button
3. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. MaterialName:My_FR4
2. RelativePermittivity:4.4
3. ClicktheOK button
4. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-13
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
SetGridPlane
Tosetthegridplane:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>GridPlane>XY
CreateSubstrate
Tocreatesubstrate:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X: -5.0,Y: -1.0,Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebaserectangle:
dX: 4.0,dY: 2.0,dZ: 0.1,Pressthe Enterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Substrate
Tosetthetransparency:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. ClickthebuttonforTransparency
1. Movetheslidebarto0.8(Opaque=0,Transparency=1)
2. ClicktheOK button
MirrorSubstrate
Toselecttheobjectsubstrate:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Substrate
2. ClicktheOKbutton
Tomirrortheground:
1. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>Mirror.
1. Inputtheanchorpointofthemirrorplane:
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0,PressEnter
2. Inputthetargetpointofthevectornormal
tothemirrorplane:
dX: 1.0,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0,
Pressthe Enterkey
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-14
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
CreateAir
TocreatetheAir:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-5.2,Y:-2.0,Z:-0.2,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:10.4,dY:4.0,dZ:2.0,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:Air
3. PresstheEnter key
Tofittheview:
SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView.
AssignRadiation
ToselecttheobjectAir:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Air
2. ClicktheOKbutton
ToassignRadiationBoundary
1. Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Boundaries>Assign>Radiation
2. ClicktheOKbutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-15
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
BoundaryDisplay
Toverifytheboundarysetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>BoundaryDisplay (SolverView)
2. FromtheSolverViewofBoundaries,toggletheVisibilitycheckboxforthe
boundariesyouwishtodisplay.
Note: ThePerfectConductorsaredisplayedasthesmetal boundary.
Note: Selectthemenuitem,View>Visibility tohideallofthe
geometryobjects.Thismakesiteasiertoseetheboundary
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinished.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-16
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:15.1GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:20
MaximumDeltaS:0.03
2. ClicktheOptions tab:
DoLambdaRefinement:; Checked
LambdaTarget:UseDefaultValue: ; Checked
OrderofBasisfunction:Zero-Order
ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddFrequencySweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Interpolating
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearCount
Start: 0.1GHz
Stop:15.1GHz
Count:301
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-17
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_returnpath
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-18
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-19
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
CreateReports
CreateTerminalS-ParameterPlotvs.AdaptivePass
Note:Ifthisreportiscreatedpriororduringthesolutionprocess,areal-time
updateoftheresultsaredisplayed
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. ContextWindow:
Solution:Setup1:AdaptivePass
3. TraceWindow
1. X:Pass
2. Category:TerminalSParameters
3. Quantity:St(Cond_T1,Cond_T1),St(Cond_T1,Cond_T2)and
St(Cond_T1,Cond_T3)
4. Function:dB
5. ClicktheNewReportbutton
6. ClicktheClose button
1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00
Pass
-25.00
-20.00
-15.00
-10.00
-5.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 2
Curve Inf o
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T1))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T2))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T3))
Setup1 : AdaptivePass
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-20
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
CreateTerminal S-ParameterPlotvs Frequency
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
2. ContextWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. TraceWindow
1. Category:TerminalSParameters
2. Quantity:St(Cond_T1,Cond_T1),St(Cond_T1,Cond_T2)and
St(Cond_T1,Cond_T3)
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheNewReportbutton
5. ClicktheClose button
0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00
Freq [GHz]
-40.00
-35.00
-30.00
-25.00
-20.00
-15.00
-10.00
-5.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
XY Plot 1
Curve Info
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T3))
Setup1 : Sweep1
NoDC
ReturnPath
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-21
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
ReturnPath– AddaDCReturnPath
Wewillcontinueourinvestigationbyaddingaconnectionbetweenthetwo
groundplanes.TheDCreturnpathwillbethepathofleastresistance.
DC
ReturnPath
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-22
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
CopytheDesign
Tocopytheentiredesign:
1. Usingtheprojectmanager,
1. Right-clickonHFSSDesign1,andchooseCopy
2. Usingtheprojectmanager,
1. Right-clickon hfss_returnpath,andchoosePaste
Openthe3DModelEditor
Toopenthe3DModelEditor:
1. Usingtheprojectmanager,
1. Right-clickonHFSSDesign2
andchoose3DModelEditor
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
Choosepec inMaterialstoolbar
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-23
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
CreateDCPath
TocreatetheDCpath:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-1.0,Y:1.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:2.0,dY:-0.12,dZ:0.02,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:DCPath
3. PresstheEnter key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-24
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>Save
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll
ToOpenAllExistingReport
Toopenallreports:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>OpenAllReports
0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00
Freq [GHz]
-50.00
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign2
XY Plot 3
Curve Info
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T3))
Setup1 : Sweep1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-25
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
ReturnPath– AddaRFReturnPath
WewillcontinueourinvestigationbyaddinganRFreturnpathbetweenthetwo
groundplanes.TheRFreturnpathwillbethepathofleastinductance.
CopytheDesign
Tocopytheentiredesign:
1. Usingtheprojectmanager,
1. Right-clickonHFSSDesign1,andchooseCopy
2. Usingtheprojectmanager,
1. Right-clickon hfss_returnpath,andchoosePaste
Openthe3DModelEditor
Toopenthe3DModelEditor:
ClickonHFSSDesign3intheprojectmanager
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosepec
RFReturnPath
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-26
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
CreateRFPath
TocreatetheRFpath:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Line
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthevertexpoint:
X:-1.0,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradialpoint:
X:-0.972,Y:0.0,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthesweeparclength:
X:-0.972,Y:0.0,Z:1.072, PresstheEnter key
5. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthesweeparclength:
X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:1.072, PresstheEnter key
6. Usingthemouse,right-clickandselectDone
Tosetthegridplane:
1. SelectthemenuitemModeler>GridPlane>YZ
Tocreatetheprofile:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X:-1.0,Y:-0.06,Z:0.0,PresstheEnter key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebase
rectangle:
dX:0.0,dY:0.12,dZ:-0.02,PresstheEnter key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute tabfromtheProperties window.
2. FortheValue ofName type:RFPath
3. PresstheEnter key
ToSweeptheprofile:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Polyline2,RFPath
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Sweep>AlongPath
4. ClicktheOK buttonwhentheSweepalongpathdialogappears
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-27
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
MirrorConductor
Toduplicatetheexistingobjects:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:RFPath
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>Mirror.
1. Inputtheanchorpointofthemirrorplane:
X: 0.0,Y: 0.0,Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
2. Inputthetargetpointofthevectornormaltothemirrorplane:
dX: 1.0,dY: 0.0,dZ: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
GroupConductors
Togrouptheconductors:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:RFPath,RFPath_1
2. ClicktheOKbutton
3. Selectthemenuitem,3DModeler>Boolean>Unite
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide 8.4-28
8.4
Example– ReturnPath
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>Save
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Analyze
ToOpenAllExistingReport
Toopenallreports:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>OpenAllReports
ExitingHFSS
ToExitHFSS:
1. SelectthemenuitemFile>Exit
1. IfpromptedSavethechanges
0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00
Freq [GHz]
-60.00
-50.00
-40.00
-30.00
-20.00
-10.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign4
XY Plot 2
Curve Info
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T2))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T3))
Setup1 : Sweep1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Chapter9.0
Chapter9.0– On-ChipPassivesExamples
9.1– SpiralInductor
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-1
On-ChipPassiveExample
Thisexampleisintendedtoshowyouhowtocreate,simulate,andanalyzea2.5
turnspiralinductorusingtheAnsoftHFSSDesignEnvironment.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-2
GettingStarted
LaunchingAnsoftHFSS
1. ToaccessAnsoftHFSS,clicktheMicrosoftStart button,selectPrograms,andselect
theAnsoft,HFSS11 programgroup.ClickHFSS11.
SettingToolOptions
Tosetthetooloptions:
Note:Inordertofollowthestepsoutlinedinthisexample,verifythatthe
followingtooloptionsareset :
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries:;
Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry:; Checked
Auto-assignterminalsonports::; Checked
2. ClicktheOK button
3. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>ModelerOptions.
4. ModelerOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheOperation tab
Automaticallycoverclosedpolylines:; Checked
2. ClicktheDrawing tab
Editpropertyofnewprimitives:; Checked
3. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-3
OpeningaNewProject
Toopenanewproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,clickthe OntheStandardtoolbar,orselect
themenuitemFile>New.
2. FromtheProject menu,selectInsertHFSSDesign.
SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenTerminal
2. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-4
Creatingthe3DModel
SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits:
1. Selectthemenuitem Modeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:um
2. ClicktheOK button
SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. ClicktheAddMaterial button
2. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. FortheMaterialName type:My_Sub
2. FortheValue ofRelativePermittivitytype:11.9
3. FortheValueofBulkConductivitytype:10
4. ClicktheOKbutton
3. ClicktheOKbutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-5
CreateSubstrate
Tocreatethesubstrate:
1.SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X: -270.0,Y: -270.0, Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
3.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox:
dX: 540.0,dY: 540.0, dZ: 300.0,Pressthe Enterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttributetabfromthePropertieswindows
2. FortheValueofNametype:Sub
3. ClicktheOKbutton
Tofittheview
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView
Setthedefaultmaterial:
1. UsingtheModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. ClicktheAddMaterial button
2. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. FortheMaterialName type:My_Oxide
2. FortheValue ofRelativePermittivitytype:4.0
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. ClicktheOKbutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-6
CreateOxide
Tocreatetheoxidelayer:
1.SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X: -270.0,Y: -270.0, Z: 300.0,Pressthe Enterkey
3.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox:
dX: 540.0,dY: 540.0, dZ: 9.8,Pressthe Enterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttributetabfromthePropertieswindows
2. FortheValueofNametype:Oxide
3. ClicktheOKbutton
Tofittheview
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView
Setthedefaultmaterial:
1. UsingtheModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. ClicktheAddMaterial button
2. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. FortheMaterialName type:My_Pass
2. FortheValue ofRelativePermittivitytype:7.9
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. ClicktheOKbutton
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-7
CreatePassivation
Tocreatethepassivation layer:
1.SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X: -270.0,Y: -270.0, Z: 309.8,Pressthe Enterkey
3.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox:
dX: 540.0,dY: 540.0, dZ: 0.7,Pressthe Enterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttributetabfromthePropertieswindows
2. FortheValueofNametype:Pass
3. ClicktheOKbutton
Tofittheview
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView
Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. UsingtheModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum
CreateAirBox
Tocreatetheairbox:
1.SelectthemenuitemDraw>Box
2.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X: -270.0,Y: -270.0, Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
3.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox:
dX: 540.0,dY: 540.0, dZ: 600.0,Pressthe Enterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttributetabfromthePropertieswindows
2. FortheValueofNametype:Air
3. ClicktheOKbutton
Tofittheview
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-8
CreateRadiationBoundary
ToselecttheobjectAir:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog
SelecttheObjectnamed:Air
ClicktheOK button
TocreatearadiationBoundary:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries>Assign>Radiation
2. RadiationBoundaryWindow
1. Name:Rad1
2. ClicktheOK button
CreateGround
Tocreatetheground:
1.SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangular
2.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
X: -270.0,Y: -270.0, Z: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
3.Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerofthebox:
dX: 540.0,dY: 540.0, dZ: 0.0,Pressthe Enterkey
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttributetabfromthePropertieswindows
2. FortheValueofNametype:Ground
3. ClicktheOKbutton
Tofittheview
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-9
AssignaPerfectEboundarytotheGround
Toselecttheground
1. Selectthemenuitem Edit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog
1. Selecttheobjectnamed:Ground
2. ClickOK button
ToassignthePerfectEboundary
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Boundaries>Assign>PerfectE
2. PerfectEBoundarywindow
1. Name:PerfE_Ground
2. ClickOK button
HideDielectrics
Tohidethedielectrics:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible
2. SelectthemenuitemView>HideSelection>AllViews
Setthedefaultmaterial:
1. UsingtheModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. ClicktheAddMaterial button
2. View/EditMaterialWindow:
1. FortheMaterialName type:My_Met
2. FortheValue ofBulkConductivitytype:2.8e7
3. ClicktheOKbutton
3. ClicktheOKbutton
CreateOffsetCoordinateSystem
SelectthemenuitemModeler>CoordinateSystems>Create>RelativeCS>
Offset
Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheorigin
1. X:0.0,Y:0.0,Z:304.8, PresstheEnter key
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-10
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-11
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-12
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-13
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-14
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-15
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-16
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-17
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-18
CreateSource1
Tocreatesource:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
1. X:142.0,Y:7.5,Z:1.0, PresstheEnter Key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerof thebase
rectangle
1. dX:-15.0,dY:-15.0,dZ:0.0, PresstheEnter Key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttributetabfromthePropertieswindow
2. FortheValueofNametype:Source1
3. ClicktheOKbutton
AssignExcitation
ToselecttheobjectSource:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog
1. Selecttheobjectnamed:Source1
2. ClickOK button
Š Note: Youcanalsoselecttheobjectfom theModelTree
Toassignlumpedportexcitation
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Excitations>Assign>LumpedPort,a
windowappears,highlightRing andclickAdd==>>,thenclickOK.The
lumpedportandterminalareautomaticallyassigned.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-19
AssignExcitation(Continued)
Setthenameforexcitations:
1. ExpandtheExcitations inProjectManager
2. Clickon LumpPort1.
3. Changethe nameinthe
Properties window:p1
Setthenameforthepin
1. ExpandtheExcitations inProjectManager
2. Expandp1,highlightSource1_T1
3. Changethe nameinthe
Properties window:1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-20
CreateSource2
Tocreatesource:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Rectangle
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheboxposition
1. X:131.0,Y:7.5,Z:1.0, PresstheEnter Key
3. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheoppositecornerof thebase
rectangle
1. dX:15.0,dY:-15.0,dZ:0.0, PresstheEnter Key
Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttributetabfromthePropertieswindow
2. FortheValueofNametype:Source2
3. ClicktheOKbutton
AssignExcitation
ToselecttheobjectSource:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog
1. Selecttheobjectnamed:Source2
2. ClickOK button
Š Note: Youcanalsoselecttheobjectfom theModelTree
Toassignlumpedportexcitation
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Excitations>Assign>LumpedPort,a
windowappears,andclickOK.Thelumpedportandterminalare
automaticallyassigned.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-21
AssignExcitation(Continued)
Setthenameforexcitations:
1. ExpandtheExcitations inProjectManager
2. Clickon LumpPort2.
3. Changethe nameinthe
Properties window:p2
Setthenameforthepin
1. ExpandtheExcitations inProjectManager
2. Expandp1,highlightSource1_T2
3. Changethe nameinthe
Properties window:2
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-22
ShowAll
ToShowallobjects
1. SelectthemenuitemView>ShowAll>All Views
BoundaryDisplay
Toverifytheboundarysetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>BoundaryDisplay (SolverView)
2. FromtheSolverViewofBoundaries,toggletheVisibilitycheckboxforthe
boundariesyouwishtodisplay.
Note: Thebackground(PerfectConductor)isdisplayedastheouter
boundary.
Note: ThePerfectConductorsaredisplayedasthesmetal boundary.
Note: Selectthemenuitem,View>Visibility tohideallofthe
geometryobjects.Thismakesiteasiertoseetheboundary
3. ClicktheClose buttonwhenyouarefinished.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-23
AnalysisSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral tab:
SolutionFrequency:12.0GHz
MaximumNumberofPasses:20
MaximumDeltaS:0.02
2. ClicktheOptions tab:
DoLambdaRefinement:; Checked
LambdaTarget:UseDefaultValue:; Checked
Orderofbasesfunction:Zeroorder.
3. ClicktheOK button
AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddFrequencySweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1
2. ClicktheOK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Interpolating
2. FrequencySetup:
Type:LinearStep
Start:0.1GHz
Stop:20.0GHz
Step:0.1GHz
3. InterpolatingSweepOptions:
MaxSolutions:20
ErrorTolerance:0.5%
4. ClicktheOK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-24
SaveProject
Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_spiral_inductor
3. ClicktheSave button
Analyze
ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClosebutton
Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,seetheMessage
Manager.
Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAllOrclicktheicon
onthetoolbar.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-25
SolutionData
ToviewtheSolutionData:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>SolutionData
ToviewtheProfile:
1. ClicktheProfile Tab.
ToviewtheConvergence:
1. ClicktheConvergence Tab
Note:ThedefaultviewisforconvergenceisTable.Select
thePlot radiobuttontoviewagraphicalrepresentationsof
theconvergencedata.
ToviewtheMatrixData:
1. ClicktheMatrixData Tab
Note:Toviewareal-timeupdateoftheMatrixData,setthe
SimulationtoSetup1,LastAdaptive
2. ClicktheClose button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-26
CreateReports
CreateDifferentialPairS-ParameterPlot
Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolution
DataReport>RectangularPlot
2. ContextWindow:
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep
3. TraceWindow
1. Category:TerminalSParameters
2. Quantity:St(1,1),St(2,1)
3. Function:dB
4. ClicktheNewReportbutton
5. ClicktheClose button
0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00
Freq [GHz]
-40.00
-35.00
-30.00
-25.00
-20.00
-15.00
-10.00
-5.00
0.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
S Plot
Curve Info
dB(St(1,1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
dB(St(2,1))
Setup1 : Sweep1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-27
0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00
Freq [GHz]
0.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
Q Plot
Curve Info
abs(Q11)
Setup1 : Sweep1
abs(Q22)
Setup1 : Sweep1
CreateReports(Continued)
CustomEquations– OutputVariables
SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
TraceWindow
1. ClicktheOutputVariablesbutton
2. OutputVariablesdialog
1. Name:Q11
2. Expression:
1. Category:TerminalYParameters
2. Quantity:Yt(1,1)
3. Function:im
4. ClicktheInsertintoExpressionbutton
5. Type:/
6. Quantity:Yt(1,1)
7. Function:re
8. ClicktheInsertintoExpressionbutton
3. ClicktheAdd button
4. RepeatforQ22,byreplacingYt(1,1) withYt(2,2)
3. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
4. Domain:Sweep
5. ClickY tab
Category:OutputVariables
Quantity:Q11,Q22
Function:abs
ClicktheNewReport button
6. Clickthe Close button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-28
CreateReports(Continued)
CustomEquations– OutputVariables
SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateTerminalSolutionData
Report>RectangularPlot
TraceWindow
1. ClicktheOutputVariablesbutton
2. OutputVariablesdialog
1. Name:L11
2. Expression:
1. Type:-1/(2*pi*freq*
2. Category:TerminalYParameters
3. Quantity:Yt(1,1)
4. Function:im
5. ClicktheInsertintoExpressionbutton
6. Type:)
3. ClicktheAdd button
3. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1
4. Domain:Sweep
5. ClickY tab
Category:OutputVariables
Quantity:L11
Function:none
ClicktheNewReport button
6. Clickthe Close button
0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00
Freq [GHz]
0.00E+000
2.00E-009
4.00E-009
6.00E-009
8.00E-009
1.00E-008
L
1
1
Ansoft Corporation HFSSDesign1
L Plot
Curve Info
L11
Setup1 : Sweep1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-29
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-30
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11User’sGuide
Example– On-ChipSpiralInductor
9.1
9.1-31
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-1
Overview
Presentation
1
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-2
Overview
Presentation
1
QuickExample– CoaxTee HFSS– HighFrequencyStructureSimulator
Full-Wave3Dfieldsolver
Solvesforthefieldsinanarbitraryvolume
CoaxDielectric
CoaxCenterPin
OuterBoundary
CoaxShield
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-3
Overview
Presentation
1
StartingHFSS
ClicktheMicrosoftStart Start Start Startbutton,selectPrograms Programs Programs Programs,andselecttheAnsoft>HFSS11>HFSS11 Ansoft>HFSS11>HFSS11 Ansoft>HFSS11>HFSS11 Ansoft>HFSS11>HFSS11
Or Or Or OrDoubleclickontheHFSS11iconontheWindowsDesktop
AddingaDesign
WhenyoufirststartHFSSanewprojectwithanewdesignwillbeautomaticallyaddedtotheProjectTree.
Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: InsertHFSSDesign
Toincludeadditionaldesignsintoanexistingproject,select themenuitemProject>InsertHFSSDesign Project>InsertHFSSDesign Project>InsertHFSSDesign Project>InsertHFSSDesign
Alternativelytoopenanewprojectwithanewdesignmanually,selectthemenuitemFile>New File>New File>New File>New.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-4
Overview
Presentation
1
AnsoftDesktop
Menu
bar
Progress
Window
PropertyWindow
Message
Manager
Project
Manager
withproject
tree
Status
bar
3DModeler
Window
Toolbars
CoordinateEntryFields
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-5
Overview
Presentation
1
AnsoftDesktop– ProjectManager
MultipleDesignsperProject
MultipleProjectsperDesktop
IntegratedOptimetricsSetup
RequiresLicenseforAnalysis
Project
Design
DesignResults
DesignSetup
DesignAutomation
•Parametric
•Optimization
•Sensitivity
•Statistical
ProjectManagerWindow
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-6
Overview
Presentation
1
AnsoftDesktop– 3DModeler
Edge
Vertex
Plane
CoordinateSystem(CS)
Origin
Face
Model
3DModelerWindow
Graphics
area
Model
3DModeler
designtree
Contextmenu
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-7
Overview
Presentation
1
SetSolutionType SetSolutionType SetSolutionType SetSolutionType
Tosetthesolutiontype: Tosetthesolutiontype: Tosetthesolutiontype: Tosetthesolutiontype:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>SolutionType HFSS>SolutionType HFSS>SolutionType HFSS>SolutionType
2. SolutionTypeWindow:
1. ChooseDrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
HFSS HFSS HFSS HFSS- -- - SolutionTypes SolutionTypes SolutionTypes SolutionTypes
DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal - calculatesthemodal-basedS-parameters.TheS-matrixsolutionswillbeexpressedintermsofthe
incidentandreflectedpowersofwaveguidemodes.
GeneralizedS-parameters
DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal - calculatestheterminal-basedS-parametersofmulti-conductortransmissionlineports.TheS-
matrixsolutionswillbeexpressedintermsofterminalvoltages andcurrents.
Eigenmode Eigenmode Eigenmode Eigenmode – calculatetheeigenmodes,orresonances,ofastructure.TheEigenmodesolverfindstheresonant
frequenciesofthestructureandthefieldsatthoseresonantfrequencies.
Convergence
DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal DrivenModal – DeltaSformodalS-Parameters.
DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal DrivenTerminal – DeltaSforthesingle-endedordifferentialnodalS-Parameters.
Eigenmode Eigenmode Eigenmode Eigenmode - DeltaF
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-8
Overview
Presentation
1
SetModelUnits SetModelUnits SetModelUnits SetModelUnits
Tosettheunits: Tosettheunits: Tosettheunits: Tosettheunits:
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Units 3DModeler>Units 3DModeler>Units 3DModeler>Units
2. SetModelUnits:
1. SelectUnits:mm mm mm mm
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
SetDefaultMaterial SetDefaultMaterial SetDefaultMaterial SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial: Tosetthedefaultmaterial: Tosetthedefaultmaterial: Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
1. Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,chooseSelect Select Select Select
2. SelectDefinitionWindow:
1. Typepec pec pec pec intheSearchbyName SearchbyName SearchbyName SearchbyName field
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-9
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler– CreateaPrimitive
Point2
Point3
Point1
GridPlane
BaseRectangle
Point1
Point2
Point3
CoordinateEntryFields
TheCoordinateEntryfieldsallowequationstobeenteredforpositionvalues.
Examples:2*5,2+6+8,2*cos(10*(pi/180)).
VariablesarenotallowedintheCoordinateEntryField
Note Note Note Note:Trigfunctionsareinradians
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-10
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler– ObjectProperties
Attributes
Commands
Attributes
Commands
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-11
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler– Attributes
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-12
Overview
Presentation
1
SetGridPlane SetGridPlane SetGridPlane SetGridPlane
TosettheGridPlane: TosettheGridPlane: TosettheGridPlane: TosettheGridPlane:
Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>GridPlane>YZ 3DModeler>GridPlane>YZ 3DModeler>GridPlane>YZ 3DModeler>GridPlane>YZ
CreateCoaxPin CreateCoaxPin CreateCoaxPin CreateCoaxPin
Tocreatethecoaxpin: Tocreatethecoaxpin: Tocreatethecoaxpin: Tocreatethecoaxpin:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder Draw>Cylinder Draw>Cylinder Draw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X:0.0 :0.0 :0.0 :0.0,Y:0.0 :0.0 :0.0 :0.0,Z:0.0, :0.0, :0.0, :0.0, PresstheEnter Enter Enter Enter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradiusofthecylinder
dX:0.0 :0.0 :0.0 :0.0,dY:.86.0 :.86.0 :.86.0 :.86.0,dZ:0 :0 :0 :0.0 00 0,PresstheEnter Enter Enter Enter key
5. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheightofthecylinder
dX:6.0 :6.0 :6.0 :6.0,dY:0.0 :0.0 :0.0 :0.0 dZ:0.0 :0.0 :0.0 :0.0,PresstheEnter Enter Enter Enter key
ContinuedonNextPage ContinuedonNextPage ContinuedonNextPage ContinuedonNextPage
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-13
Overview
Presentation
1
CreateCoaxPin(Continued) CreateCoaxPin(Continued) CreateCoaxPin(Continued) CreateCoaxPin(Continued)
ToParameterizetheHeight ToParameterizetheHeight ToParameterizetheHeight ToParameterizetheHeight
1. SelecttheCommand Command Command Command tabfromtheProperties Properties Properties Properties window
2. Height:H HH H
3. Pressthe Tab Tab Tab Tabkey
4. AddVariableWindow
1. Value:6mm 6mm 6mm 6mm
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
Tosetthename: Tosetthename: Tosetthename: Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute Attribute Attribute Attribute tabfromtheProperties Properties Properties Properties window.
2. FortheValue Value Value Value ofName Name Name Name type:Coax_Pin Coax_Pin Coax_Pin Coax_Pin
Tosetthecolor: Tosetthecolor: Tosetthecolor: Tosetthecolor:
1. SelecttheAttribute Attribute Attribute Attribute tabfromtheProperties Properties Properties Properties window.
2. ClicktheEdit Edit Edit Edit button
Tosetthetransparency: Tosetthetransparency: Tosetthetransparency: Tosetthetransparency:
1. SelecttheAttribute Attribute Attribute Attribute tabfromtheProperties Properties Properties Properties window.
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OKbutton
Tofinisheditingtheobjectproperties Tofinisheditingtheobjectproperties Tofinisheditingtheobjectproperties Tofinisheditingtheobjectproperties
1. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
Tofittheview: Tofittheview: Tofittheview: Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView View>FitAll>ActiveView View>FitAll>ActiveView View>FitAll>ActiveView
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-14
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler- Views
View>ModifyAttributes> View>ModifyAttributes> View>ModifyAttributes> View>ModifyAttributes>
Orientation Orientation Orientation Orientation– Predefined/CustomViewAngles
Lighting Lighting Lighting Lighting – Controlangle,intensity,andcoloroflight
Projection Projection Projection Projection – Controlcameraandperspective
BackgroundColor BackgroundColor BackgroundColor BackgroundColor – Controlcolorof3DModelerbackground
View>ActiveViewVisibility View>ActiveViewVisibility View>ActiveViewVisibility View>ActiveViewVisibility - Controlsthedisplayof:3DModeler
Objects,ColorKeys,Boundaries,Excitations,FieldPlots
View>Options View>Options View>Options View>Options – StereoMode,DragOptimization,ColorKeyDefaults,
DefaultRotation
View>Render>WireFrame View>Render>WireFrame View>Render>WireFrame View>Render>WireFrame orSmoothShaded SmoothShaded SmoothShaded SmoothShaded (Default)
View>CoordinateSystem>Hide View>CoordinateSystem>Hide View>CoordinateSystem>Hide View>CoordinateSystem>Hide orSmall(Large) Small(Large) Small(Large) Small(Large)
View>GridSetting View>GridSetting View>GridSetting View>GridSetting – Controlsthegriddisplay
Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: ToggleGridVisibility
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-15
Overview
Presentation
1
ChangingtheView
Toolbar Toolbar Toolbar Toolbar
ContextMenu ContextMenu ContextMenu ContextMenu
Shortcuts Shortcuts Shortcuts Shortcuts
Sincechangingtheviewisafrequentlyusedoperation,someusefulshortcutkeysexist.Pressthe
appropriatekeysanddragthemousewiththeleftbuttonpressed:
ALT+Drag ALT+Drag ALT+Drag ALT+Drag – Rotate
Inaddition,thereare9pre-definedviewanglesthatcanbeselectedbyholdingtheALTkeyand
doubleclickingonthelocationsshownonthenextpage.
Shift+Drag Shift+Drag Shift+Drag Shift+Drag - Pan
ALT+Shift+Drag ALT+Shift+Drag ALT+Shift+Drag ALT+Shift+Drag – DynamicZoom
Pan
RotateAround
ModelCenter
DynamicZoom
ZoomIn/Out
Top Top Top Top
Bottom Bottom Bottom Bottom
Right Right Right Right
PredefinedViewAngles
Left Left Left Left
RotateAround
CurrentAxis
RotateAround
ScreenCenter
FitAll
FitSelected
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-16
Overview
Presentation
1
SetDefaultMaterial SetDefaultMaterial SetDefaultMaterial SetDefaultMaterial
Tosetthedefaultmaterial: Tosetthedefaultmaterial: Tosetthedefaultmaterial: Tosetthedefaultmaterial:
Usingthe3DModelerMaterialstoolbar,choosevacuum vacuum vacuum vacuum
CreateCoax CreateCoax CreateCoax CreateCoax
Tocreatethecoax: Tocreatethecoax: Tocreatethecoax: Tocreatethecoax:
1. SelectthemenuitemDraw>Cylinder Draw>Cylinder Draw>Cylinder Draw>Cylinder
2. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,enterthecenterposition
X:0.0 :0.0 :0.0 :0.0,Y:0.0 :0.0 :0.0 :0.0,Z:0.0, :0.0, :0.0, :0.0, PresstheEnter Enter Enter Enter key
4. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheradiusofthecylinder
dX:0.0 :0.0 :0.0 :0.0,dY:2.0 :2.0 :2.0 :2.0,dZ:0 :0 :0 :0.0 00 0,PresstheEnter Enter Enter Enter key
5. Usingthecoordinateentryfields,entertheheightofthecylinder
dX:6.0 :6.0 :6.0 :6.0,dY:0.0 :0.0 :0.0 :0.0 dZ:0.0 :0.0 :0.0 :0.0,PresstheEnter Enter Enter Enter key
ToParameterizetheHeight: ToParameterizetheHeight: ToParameterizetheHeight: ToParameterizetheHeight:
1. SelecttheCommand Command Command Command tabfromtheProperties Properties Properties Properties window
2. Height:H HH H
3. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
Tosetthename: Tosetthename: Tosetthename: Tosetthename:
1. SelecttheAttribute Attribute Attribute Attribute tabfromtheProperties Properties Properties Properties window.
2. FortheValue Value Value Value ofName Name Name Name type:Coax Coax Coax Coax
3. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
Tofittheview: Tofittheview: Tofittheview: Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView View>FitAll>ActiveView View>FitAll>ActiveView View>FitAll>ActiveView
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-17
Overview
Presentation
1
CreateExcitation CreateExcitation CreateExcitation CreateExcitation
FaceSelection FaceSelection FaceSelection FaceSelection
SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Faces Edit>Select>Faces Edit>Select>Faces Edit>Select>Faces
Bymovingthemouse,graphicallyhighlightthetopfaceoftheCoaxobject
Clicktheleftmousebuttontoselecttheface
AssignExcitation AssignExcitation AssignExcitation AssignExcitation
Selectthemenuitem HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort HFSS>Excitations>Assign>WavePort
1. WavePort:General
1. Name:p1 p1 p1 p1
2. ClicktheNext Next Next Next button
2. WavePort:Modes
1. ClicktheNext Next Next Next button
3. WavePort:PostProcessing
1. RenormalizeAllModes: Checked Checked Checked Checked
2. FullPortImpedance:50Ohm 50Ohm 50Ohm 50Ohm
4. ClicktheFinish Finish Finish Finish button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-18
Overview
Presentation
1
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry
Workswithallboundariesandexcitations
1. SelectthemenuitemTools>Options>HFSSOptions Tools>Options>HFSSOptions Tools>Options>HFSSOptions Tools>Options>HFSSOptions
2. HFSSOptionsWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral General General General tab
UseWizardsfordataentrywhencreatingnewboundaries: : : : Checked Checked Checked Checked
Duplicateboundarieswithgeometry: : : : Checked Checked Checked Checked
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
Example:
AssignanExcitationtothefaceofanobject
Duplicatetheobjectaroundanaxisthreetimes
TheExcitationisautomaticallyduplicated
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-19
Overview
Presentation
1
SetObjectSelection SetObjectSelection SetObjectSelection SetObjectSelection
Setselecttoobjects Setselecttoobjects Setselecttoobjects Setselecttoobjects
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>Objects Edit>Select>Objects Edit>Select>Objects Edit>Select>Objects
CreateTee CreateTee CreateTee CreateTee
TocreateTee: TocreateTee: TocreateTee: TocreateTee:
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>SelectAllVisible Edit>SelectAllVisible Edit>SelectAllVisible Edit>SelectAllVisible. . . .OrpresstheCTRL+A CTRL+A CTRL+A CTRL+A key.
2. Selectthemenuitem,Edit>Duplicate>AroundAxis Edit>Duplicate>AroundAxis Edit>Duplicate>AroundAxis Edit>Duplicate>AroundAxis.
1. Axis:Z ZZ Z
2. Angle:90 90 90 90
3. TotalNumber:3 33 3
4. ClicktheOK OK OK OKbutton
Tofittheview: Tofittheview: Tofittheview: Tofittheview:
1. SelectthemenuitemView>FitAll>ActiveView View>FitAll>ActiveView View>FitAll>ActiveView View>FitAll>ActiveView. . . .
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-20
Overview
Presentation
1
UniteConductors UniteConductors UniteConductors UniteConductors
SelectConductors SelectConductors SelectConductors SelectConductors
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName Edit>Select>ByName Edit>Select>ByName Edit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Coax_Pin Coax_Pin Coax_Pin Coax_Pin,Coax_Pin_1,Coax_Pin_2 ,Coax_Pin_1,Coax_Pin_2 ,Coax_Pin_1,Coax_Pin_2 ,Coax_Pin_1,Coax_Pin_2
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OKbutton
Unite Unite Unite Unite
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Boolean>Unite 3DModeler>Boolean>Unite 3DModeler>Boolean>Unite 3DModeler>Boolean>Unite
UniteCoax UniteCoax UniteCoax UniteCoax
SelectCoax SelectCoax SelectCoax SelectCoax
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName Edit>Select>ByName Edit>Select>ByName Edit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Coax,Coax_1,Coax_2 Coax,Coax_1,Coax_2 Coax,Coax_1,Coax_2 Coax,Coax_1,Coax_2
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OKbutton
Unite Unite Unite Unite
1. Selectthemenuitem3DModeler>Boolean>Unite 3DModeler>Boolean>Unite 3DModeler>Boolean>Unite 3DModeler>Boolean>Unite
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-21
Overview
Presentation
1
HFSS- SolutionSetup
CreatinganAnalysisSetup CreatinganAnalysisSetup CreatinganAnalysisSetup CreatinganAnalysisSetup
Tocreateananalysissetup: Tocreateananalysissetup: Tocreateananalysissetup: Tocreateananalysissetup:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup HFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup HFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup HFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSolutionSetup
2. SolutionSetupWindow:
1. ClicktheGeneral General General General tab: :: :
SolutionFrequency:10.0GHz :10.0GHz :10.0GHz :10.0GHz
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
PickingtheAdaptFrequency
SeeUserGuideChapter2 UserGuideChapter2 UserGuideChapter2 UserGuideChapter2
AdaptFrequency
AddSolutionSetup AddSolutionSetup AddSolutionSetup AddSolutionSetup
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-22
Overview
Presentation
1
AddingaFrequencySweep AddingaFrequencySweep AddingaFrequencySweep AddingaFrequencySweep
Toaddafrequencysweep: Toaddafrequencysweep: Toaddafrequencysweep: Toaddafrequencysweep:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSweep HFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSweep HFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSweep HFSS>AnalysisSetup>AddSweep
1. SelectSolutionSetup:Setup1 Setup1 Setup1 Setup1
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
2. EditSweepWindow:
1. SweepType:Fast :Fast :Fast :Fast
2. FrequencySetupType:LinearStep :LinearStep :LinearStep :LinearStep
Start: 1.0GHz 1.0GHz 1.0GHz 1.0GHz
Stop:10.0GHz :10.0GHz :10.0GHz :10.0GHz
Step:0.1GHz :0.1GHz :0.1GHz :0.1GHz
SaveFields: Checked Checked Checked Checked
3. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
HFSS– FrequencySweep
Discrete Discrete Discrete Discrete– Solvesusingadaptivemeshateveryfrequency
MatrixDataandFieldsateveryfrequencyinsweep
Fast Fast Fast Fast- ALPS
MatrixDataandFieldsateveryfrequencyinsweep
Interpolating Interpolating Interpolating Interpolating– Adaptivelydeterminesdiscretesolve
pointsusingtheadaptivemesh
MatrixDataateveryfrequencyinsweeps
Fieldsatlastadaptivesolution
AddSweep AddSweep AddSweep AddSweep
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-23
Overview
Presentation
1
SaveProject SaveProject SaveProject SaveProject
Tosavetheproject: Tosavetheproject: Tosavetheproject: Tosavetheproject:
1. InanAnsoftHFSSwindow,selectthemenuitemFile>SaveAs File>SaveAs File>SaveAs File>SaveAs.
2. FromtheSaveAs SaveAs SaveAs SaveAswindow,typetheFilename:hfss_coax_tee hfss_coax_tee hfss_coax_tee hfss_coax_tee
3. ClicktheSave Save Save Save button
Analyze
ModelValidation ModelValidation ModelValidation ModelValidation
Tovalidatethemodel: Tovalidatethemodel: Tovalidatethemodel: Tovalidatethemodel:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>ValidationCheck HFSS>ValidationCheck HFSS>ValidationCheck HFSS>ValidationCheck
2. ClicktheClose Close Close Closebutton
Note: Note: Note: Note: Toviewanyerrorsorwarningmessages,usetheMessageManager.
Analyze Analyze Analyze Analyze
Tostartthesolutionprocess: Tostartthesolutionprocess: Tostartthesolutionprocess: Tostartthesolutionprocess:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>AnalyzeAll HFSS>AnalyzeAll HFSS>AnalyzeAll HFSS>AnalyzeAll
Validate Validate Validate Validate
AnalyzeAll AnalyzeAll AnalyzeAll AnalyzeAll
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-24
Overview
Presentation
1
CreateReports CreateReports CreateReports CreateReports
Tocreateareport: Tocreateareport: Tocreateareport: Tocreateareport:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Results>CreateReport HFSS>Results>CreateReport HFSS>Results>CreateReport HFSS>Results>CreateReport
2. CreateReportWindow: :: :
1. ReportType:ModalSParameters ModalSParameters ModalSParameters ModalSParameters
2. DisplayType:Rectangular Rectangular Rectangular Rectangular
3. ClicktheOK OK OK OKbutton
3. TracesWindow: :: :
1. Solution:Setup1:Sweep1 Setup1:Sweep1 Setup1:Sweep1 Setup1:Sweep1
2. Domain:Sweep Sweep Sweep Sweep
3. ClicktheY YY Y tab
1. Category: TerminalSParameter TerminalSParameter TerminalSParameter TerminalSParameter
2. Quantity:S(p1,p1),S(p1,p2),S(p2,p3) S(p1,p1),S(p1,p2),S(p2,p3) S(p1,p1),S(p1,p2),S(p2,p3) S(p1,p1),S(p1,p2),S(p2,p3)
3. Function:dB dB dB dB
4. ClicktheAddTrace AddTrace AddTrace AddTrace button
4. ClicktheDone Done Done Done button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-25
Overview
Presentation
1
FieldOverlays FieldOverlays FieldOverlays FieldOverlays
Tocreateafieldplot: Tocreateafieldplot: Tocreateafieldplot: Tocreateafieldplot:
1. Selectanobjecttooverlayfields
1. SelectthemenuitemEdit>Select>ByName Edit>Select>ByName Edit>Select>ByName Edit>Select>ByName
2. SelectObjectDialog,
1. Selecttheobjectsnamed:Coax Coax Coax Coax
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OKbutton
2. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields> HFSS>Fields> HFSS>Fields> HFSS>Fields>Fields Fields Fields Fields >E> >E> >E> >E>Mag_E Mag_E Mag_E Mag_E
3. CreateFieldPlotWindow
1. Solution:Setup1: Setup1: Setup1: Setup1:LastAdaptive LastAdaptive LastAdaptive LastAdaptive
2. Quantity:Mag_E Mag_E Mag_E Mag_E
3. InVolume:All All All All
4. ClicktheDone Done Done Done button
Tomodifytheattributesofafieldplot: Tomodifytheattributesofafieldplot: Tomodifytheattributesofafieldplot: Tomodifytheattributesofafieldplot:
1. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>ModifyPlotAttributes HFSS>Fields>ModifyPlotAttributes HFSS>Fields>ModifyPlotAttributes HFSS>Fields>ModifyPlotAttributes
2. SelectPlotFolderWindow:
1. Select:EField EField EField EField
2. ClicktheOK OK OK OK button
3. E-FieldWindow:
1. ClicktheScale Scale Scale Scaletab
1. SelectUseLimits UseLimits UseLimits UseLimits
2. Min: 5 55 5
3. Max: 25000 25000 25000 25000
4. Scale:Log Log Log Log
2. ClickthePlot Plot Plot Plot tab
1. IsoValType:IsoValSurface IsoValSurface IsoValSurface IsoValSurface
2. ClicktheApply Apply Apply Apply button.
4. ClicktheClose Close Close Close button
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-26
Overview
Presentation
1
WhatisHFSS?
HFSS HFSS HFSS HFSS– –– – HighFrequencyStructureSimulator HighFrequencyStructureSimulator HighFrequencyStructureSimulator HighFrequencyStructureSimulator
Arbitrary3DVolumetricFull-WaveFieldSolver
AnsoftDesktop AnsoftDesktop AnsoftDesktop AnsoftDesktop
AdvancedACISbasedModeling
TrueParametricTechnology– DynamicEditing
PowerfulReportGeneration
DynamicFieldVisualization
DesignFlowAutomation
Optimetrics/AnsoftDesigner/AnsoftLinks
AdvancedMaterialTypes AdvancedMaterialTypes AdvancedMaterialTypes AdvancedMaterialTypes
FrequencyDependentMaterials
Non-linearMaterials
AnisotropicMaterials
AdvancedBoundaryConditions AdvancedBoundaryConditions AdvancedBoundaryConditions AdvancedBoundaryConditions
RadiationandPerfectlyMatchedLayers
Symmetry,FiniteConductivity,InfinitePlanes,RLC,andLayered Impedance
Master/Slave– UnitCells
AdvancedSolverTechnology AdvancedSolverTechnology AdvancedSolverTechnology AdvancedSolverTechnology
AutomaticConformalMeshGeneration
AdaptiveMeshGeneration
Internal/ExternalExcitations– IncludesLoss
ALPSFastFrequencySweep
Eigenmode
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-27
Overview
Presentation
1
CommonHFSSApplications
Antenna Antenna Antenna Antenna
PlanarAntennas - Patches,Dipoles,Horns,ConformalCellPhoneAntennas,Spirals
Waveguide – Circular/SquareHorns
Wire – Dipole,Helix
Arrays - InfiniteArrays,FrequencySelectiveSurfaces(FSS)&PhotonicBandGaps(PBG)
RadarCrossSection(RCS)
Microwave Microwave Microwave Microwave
Filters – CavityFilters,Microstrip,Dielectric
EMC/EMI– ShieldEnclosures,Coupling,Near- orFar-FieldRadiation
Connectors – Coax,SFP/XFP,Backplane,Transitions
Waveguide – Filters,Resonators,Transitions,Couplers
Silicon/GaSa - SpiralInductors,Transformers
SignalIntegrity/High SignalIntegrity/High SignalIntegrity/High SignalIntegrity/High- -- -SpeedDigital SpeedDigital SpeedDigital SpeedDigital
PackageModeling – BGA,QFP,Flip-Chip
PCBBoardModeling – Power/Groundplanes,MeshGridGrounds,Backplanes
Connectors – SFP/XFP,VHDM,GBX,NexLev,Coax
Transitions – Differential/Single-endedVias
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-28
Overview
Presentation
1
WhatInformationdoesHFSSCompute?
MatrixData MatrixData MatrixData MatrixData
Modal/Terminal/Differential
S-,Y-,andZ-Parameters
VSWR
Excitations
ComplexPropagationConstant(Gamma)
Zo
Full-WaveSpice
Full-WaveSpice– BroadbandModel
LumpedRLC– LowFrequencyModel
PartialFraction- Matlab
ExportFormats– HSPICE,PSPICE,CadenceSpectre,andMaxwellSPICE
CommonDisplayFormats:
Rectangular,Polar
SmithChart
DataTables
CommonOutputFormats:
NeutralModelsFiles(NMF) (Optimetricsonly)
ParametricResults
Touchstone,DataTables,Matlab,
Citifile
Graphics– WindowsClipboard
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-29
Overview
Presentation
1
WhatInformationdoesHFSSCompute? (Continued)
Fields Fields Fields Fields
Modal/Terminal/Differential
ElectricField
MagneticField
Current(Volume/Surface)
Power
SpecificAbsorptionRate
Radiation
2D/3DFar-/Near-Fields
Arrays– RegularandCustomSetups
RCS
FieldCalculator
UserDefinedFieldCalculations
CommonDisplayFormats
Volume
Surface
Vector
2DReports– Rectangular,Polar,RadiationPatterns
CommonOutputFormats:
Animations– AVI,GIF
DataTables
Graphics– WindowsClipboard,BMP,GIF,JPG,TIFF,VRML
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-30
Overview
Presentation
1
WhatistheTechnologyBehindtheHFSSFieldSolver?
VolumetricFieldSolver VolumetricFieldSolver VolumetricFieldSolver VolumetricFieldSolver
Type:Full Full Full Full- -- -Wave Wave Wave Wave
SolutionMethod:3DFiniteElementMethod(FEM) 3DFiniteElementMethod(FEM) 3DFiniteElementMethod(FEM) 3DFiniteElementMethod(FEM)
Accuracy Accuracy Accuracy Accuracy:Iftherewerenolimitsonthesizeofthematrixandonthenumberofdigits
forcomputation,therewouldbenolimittotheaccuracyoftheFiniteElementMethod!
MeshType:Conformal Conformal Conformal Conformal
MeshElement:Tetrahedron Tetrahedron Tetrahedron Tetrahedron
MeshProcess:Adaptive Adaptive Adaptive Adaptive
Convergence:ComplexMagnitude ComplexMagnitude ComplexMagnitude ComplexMagnitude
ChangeinS ChangeinS ChangeinS ChangeinS- -- -Parameters(DeltaS) Parameters(DeltaS) Parameters(DeltaS) Parameters(DeltaS)
Excitations Excitations Excitations Excitations- -- - PortSolver PortSolver PortSolver PortSolver
SolutionMethod:2DFiniteElementMethod 2DFiniteElementMethod 2DFiniteElementMethod 2DFiniteElementMethod
MeshProcess: Adaptive Adaptive Adaptive Adaptive
FrequencySweeps FrequencySweeps FrequencySweeps FrequencySweeps
FastFrequencySweep:ALPS
MatrixDataandFieldsateveryfrequencyinsweep
Supportssweepsaslargeas10000datapointsfromasinglesolution.
InterpolatingSweep
AdaptiveDiscreteSweepwithcurvefitting
Supportssweepsaslargeas10000datapoints.Numberofdiscretesolution
pointsvarieswithresponse.
Vertex Vertex Vertex Vertex:ExplicitlySolved
Edge Edge Edge Edge:ExplicitlySolved
Face Face Face Face:Interpolated
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-31
Overview
Presentation
1
AdaptiveMeshRefinement AdaptiveMeshRefinement AdaptiveMeshRefinement AdaptiveMeshRefinement automatically
tunesthemeshtotheelectrical
performanceofthedevice.Thisensures
simulationsarecorrectthefirsttime.
MeshConvergence MeshConvergence MeshConvergence MeshConvergence:Real-Timeupdateof
performanceperadaptivesolution.
MatrixData
Fields
AdaptiveRefinement AdaptiveRefinement AdaptiveRefinement AdaptiveRefinement
InitialMesh InitialMesh InitialMesh InitialMesh
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-32
Overview
Presentation
1
TheProcess
Design Design Design Design
SolutionType SolutionType SolutionType SolutionType
1.1.Boundaries 1.1.Boundaries 1.1.Boundaries 1.1.Boundaries
1.2.Excitations 1.2.Excitations 1.2.Excitations 1.2.Excitations
4.1Mesh 4.1Mesh 4.1Mesh 4.1Mesh
Operations Operations Operations Operations
2.Analysis 2.Analysis 2.Analysis 2.Analysis
SolutionSetup
FrequencySweep
1.ParametricModel 1.ParametricModel 1.ParametricModel 1.ParametricModel
Geometry/Materials
3.Results 3.Results 3.Results 3.Results
2DReports
Fields
Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
Refinement Refinement Refinement Refinement
Solve Solve Solve Solve
Update Update Update Update
Converged Converged Converged Converged
Analyze Analyze Analyze Analyze
Finished Finished Finished Finished
4.SolveLoop 4.SolveLoop 4.SolveLoop 4.SolveLoop
NO NO NO NO
YES YES YES YES
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-33
Overview
Presentation
1
FrequencySweep FrequencySweep FrequencySweep FrequencySweep
YES YES YES YES
InitialSolution
AdaptiveMeshLoop
NoAdaptiveMeshing NoAdaptiveMeshing NoAdaptiveMeshing NoAdaptiveMeshing
PortsOnly& PortsOnly& PortsOnly& PortsOnly&
FrequencySweep FrequencySweep FrequencySweep FrequencySweep
InitialMesh InitialMesh InitialMesh InitialMesh
Seedingand Seedingand Seedingand Seedingand
LambdaRefinement LambdaRefinement LambdaRefinement LambdaRefinement
(SingleFrequency) (SingleFrequency) (SingleFrequency) (SingleFrequency)
PortSolution PortSolution PortSolution PortSolution
(Adaptive) (Adaptive) (Adaptive) (Adaptive)
FullVolumetricSolution FullVolumetricSolution FullVolumetricSolution FullVolumetricSolution
(S (S (S (S- -- -Parameters/E Parameters/E Parameters/E Parameters/E- -- -Fields) Fields) Fields) Fields)
RefineMesh RefineMesh RefineMesh RefineMesh
(GradientofE (GradientofE (GradientofE (GradientofE- -- -Field Field Field Field
atSingleFrequency) atSingleFrequency) atSingleFrequency) atSingleFrequency)
FullVolumetricSolution FullVolumetricSolution FullVolumetricSolution FullVolumetricSolution
(S (S (S (S- -- -Parameters/E Parameters/E Parameters/E Parameters/E- -- -Fields) Fields) Fields) Fields)
CheckConvergence CheckConvergence CheckConvergence CheckConvergence
(DeltaS) (DeltaS) (DeltaS) (DeltaS)
No No No No
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-34
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler– ModelTree
Selectmenuitem3DModeler>GroupbyMaterial 3DModeler>GroupbyMaterial 3DModeler>GroupbyMaterial 3DModeler>GroupbyMaterial
GroupedbyMaterial GroupedbyMaterial GroupedbyMaterial GroupedbyMaterial ObjectView ObjectView ObjectView ObjectView
Material
Object
ObjectCommandHistory
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-35
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler– Commands
ParametricTechnology
DynamicEdits- ChangeDimensions
AddVariables
ProjectVariables(Global)orDesignVariables(Local)
AnimateGeometry
IncludeUnits– DefaultUnitismeters
SupportsmixedUnits
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-36
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler– Primitives
2DDrawObjects 2DDrawObjects 2DDrawObjects 2DDrawObjects
Thefollowing2DDrawobjectsareavailable:
Line,Spline,Arc,EquationBasedCurve,
Rectangle,Ellipse,Circle,RegularPolygon,
EquationBasedSurface
3DDrawObjects 3DDrawObjects 3DDrawObjects 3DDrawObjects
Thefollowing3DDrawobjectsareavailable:
Box,Cylinder,RegularPolyhedron
Cone,Sphere,Torus,Helix,Spiral,Bond
Wire
Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: 2DObjects
Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: 3DObjects
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-37
Overview
Presentation
1
SplittingversusSubtractingobjects
Twoormoretruesurfaceobjectsoverlapping
PerformSplitofobjectsforMeshingpurposes
1. Movecoordinatesystemtoadesiredposition
2. Selectmultipleobjectstosplit
3. Select3DModeler>Boolean>Split 3DModeler>Boolean>Split 3DModeler>Boolean>Split 3DModeler>Boolean>Split
4. SelectdesiredsplitplaneandBothsetsofobjectstokeep.
NoneedtoCopy->Subtract->Paste
OriginalModel
(overlapsbetweentwocylinders)
Recommendedapproach
RelativeCS
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-38
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler– BooleanOperations/Transformations
3DModeler>Boolean> 3DModeler>Boolean> 3DModeler>Boolean> 3DModeler>Boolean>
Unite Unite Unite Unite – combinemultipleprimitives
Unitedisjointobjects(SeparateBodies SeparateBodies SeparateBodies SeparateBodies toseparate)
Subtract Subtract Subtract Subtract – removepartofaprimitivefromanother
Intersect Intersect Intersect Intersect– keeponlythepartsofprimitivesthatoverlap
Split Split Split Split – breakprimitivesintomultiplepartsalongaplane(XY,YZ,XZ)
SplitCrossingObjects SplitCrossingObjects SplitCrossingObjects SplitCrossingObjects– –– – splitsobjectsalongaplane(XY,YZ,XZ)onlywheretheyintersect
SeparateBodies SeparateBodies SeparateBodies SeparateBodies– –– – separatesobjectswhichareunitedbutnotphysicallyconnectedintoindividual
objects
3DModeler>Surfaces>MoveFaces 3DModeler>Surfaces>MoveFaces 3DModeler>Surfaces>MoveFaces 3DModeler>Surfaces>MoveFaces – ResizeorRepositionanobjectsfacealonganormalorvector.
Edit>Arrange> Edit>Arrange> Edit>Arrange> Edit>Arrange>
Move Move Move Move– –– – Translatesthestructurealongavector
Rotate Rotate Rotate Rotate– –– – Rotatestheshapearoundacoordinateaxisbyanangle
Mirror Mirror Mirror Mirror– –– – Mirrorstheshapearoundaspecifiedplane
Offset Offset Offset Offset– –– – Performsauniformscaleinx,y,andz.
Edit>Duplicate> Edit>Duplicate> Edit>Duplicate> Edit>Duplicate>
AlongLine AlongLine AlongLine AlongLine– –– – Createmultiplecopiesofanobjectalongavector
AroundAxis AroundAxis AroundAxis AroundAxis– –– – Createmultiplecopiesofanobjectrotatedbyafixedanglearoundthex,y,orzaxis
Mirror Mirror Mirror Mirror- -- - Mirrorstheshapearoundaspecifiedplane andcreatesaduplicate
Edit>Scale Edit>Scale Edit>Scale Edit>Scale– –– – Allowsnon-uniformscalinginthex,y,orzdirection
Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Boolean
Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Arrange
Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Duplicate
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-39
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler- Selection
SelectionTypes SelectionTypes SelectionTypes SelectionTypes
Object(Default) Object(Default) Object(Default) Object(Default)
Face Face Face Face
Edge Edge Edge Edge
Vertex Vertex Vertex Vertex
SelectionModes SelectionModes SelectionModes SelectionModes
AllObjects AllObjects AllObjects AllObjects
AllVisibleObject AllVisibleObject AllVisibleObject AllVisibleObject
ByName ByName ByName ByName
HighlightSelectionDynamically HighlightSelectionDynamically HighlightSelectionDynamically HighlightSelectionDynamically – –– – Bydefault,movingthemousepointeroveranobjectwilldynamically
highlighttheobjectforselection.Toselecttheobjectsimply clicktheleftmousebutton.
MultipleObjectSelection MultipleObjectSelection MultipleObjectSelection MultipleObjectSelection – HoldtheCTRL CTRL CTRL CTRL keydowntographicallyselectmultipleobjects
NextBehind NextBehind NextBehind NextBehind – Toselectanobjectlocatedbehindanotherobject,selectthefrontobject,presstheb bb b keytoget
thenextbehind.Note:Themousepointermustbelocatedsuchthatthenextbehindobjectisunderthe
mousepointer.
ToDisable: ToDisable: ToDisable: ToDisable:Selectthemenuitem Tools>Options>3DModelerOptions Tools>Options>3DModelerOptions Tools>Options>3DModelerOptions Tools>Options>3DModelerOptions
FromtheDisplayTab DisplayTab DisplayTab DisplayTab,uncheckHighlightselectiondynamically Highlightselectiondynamically Highlightselectiondynamically Highlightselectiondynamically
DynamicallyHighlighted
(Onlyframeofobject)
Selected
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-40
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler– MovingAround
Step1:StartPoint Step2:HoldXkeyandselectvertexpoint
Step3:CTRL+Enter Keyssetalocalreference Step4:HoldZkeyandsetheight
EdgeCenterSnap
Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: SnapMode
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-41
Overview
Presentation
1
3DModeler– CoordinateSystem
CanbeParameterized
WorkingCoordinateSystem WorkingCoordinateSystem WorkingCoordinateSystem WorkingCoordinateSystem
CurrentlyselectedCS.ThiscanbealocalorglobalCS
GlobalCS GlobalCS GlobalCS GlobalCS
Thedefaultfixedcoordinatesystem
Relative Relative Relative Relative CS CS CS CS
Userdefinedlocalcoordinatesystem.
Offset
Rotated
Both
Face Face Face Face CS CS CS CS (settingavailabletoautomaticallyswitchtofacecoordinatesysteminthe3DModelerOptions)
Step1:SelectFace
Step2:SelectOrigin
Step3:SetX-Axis
NewWorkingCS
ConecreatedwithFaceCS
ChangeBoxSizeandConeis
automaticallypositionedwith
thetopfaceofthebox
Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: Toolbar: CoordinateSystem
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-42
Overview
Presentation
1
HFSS– MatrixData
HFSS>Results>SolutionData HFSS>Results>SolutionData HFSS>Results>SolutionData HFSS>Results>SolutionData
Export
NMF,Touchstone,DataTables,Citifile,MATLAB(*.m)
NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE:MakesuretheSimulationissettoaSweepbeforeexporting. TheAdaptivePasseswillonlyexporta
singlefrequencypoint.
EquivalentCircuitExport
HSPICE,PSPICE,Spectre,MaxwellSPICE
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-43
Overview
Presentation
1
Results– DataManagement
HFSS>Results>BrowseSolutions HFSS>Results>BrowseSolutions HFSS>Results>BrowseSolutions HFSS>Results>BrowseSolutions
Solvedmodelvariationsareretained.
UnlessotherwisenotifiedbyHFSS.
HFSS>Results>CleanUpSolutions HFSS>Results>CleanUpSolutions HFSS>Results>CleanUpSolutions HFSS>Results>CleanUpSolutions
HFSS>Results>ImportSolutions HFSS>Results>ImportSolutions HFSS>Results>ImportSolutions HFSS>Results>ImportSolutions
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-44
Overview
Presentation
1
Results– CreateReports
HFSS>Results>CreateReport HFSS>Results>CreateReport HFSS>Results>CreateReport HFSS>Results>CreateReport
OutputVariables
UserDefinedEquations
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-45
Overview
Presentation
1
Fields
SelectObjectVolume,Surface,orLinetodisplayfields
HFSS>Fields>PlotFields> HFSS>Fields>PlotFields> HFSS>Fields>PlotFields> HFSS>Fields>PlotFields>
ModifyPlot– Solution/Frequency/Qty
PlotAttributes
EditSources– ChangeExcitation
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-46
Overview
Presentation
1
MeshDisplay
FieldOverlay
1. Selectanobject
2. SelectthemenuitemHFSS>Fields>PlotMesh HFSS>Fields>PlotMesh HFSS>Fields>PlotMesh HFSS>Fields>PlotMesh
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-47
Overview
Presentation
1
MenuStructure
Draw Draw Draw Draw – Primitives
3DModeler 3DModeler 3DModeler 3DModeler – SettingsandBooleanOperations
Edit Edit Edit Edit – Arrange,Duplicate
HFSS HFSS HFSS HFSS – Boundaries,Excitations,MeshOperations,AnalysisSetup,Results
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-48
Overview
Presentation
1
Measure
3DModeler>Measure> 3DModeler>Measure> 3DModeler>Measure> 3DModeler>Measure>
Position Position Position Position – PointsandDistance
Length Length Length Length – EdgeLength
Area Area Area Area – SurfaceArea
Volume Volume Volume Volume – ObjectVolume
PositionPoints PositionPoints PositionPoints PositionPoints
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-49
Overview
Presentation
1
Options– General
Tools>Options>GeneralOptions Tools>Options>GeneralOptions Tools>Options>GeneralOptions Tools>Options>GeneralOptions
TempDirectory TempDirectory TempDirectory TempDirectory – Locationusedduringsolutionprocess
Makesureitisatleast512MBfreedisk.
Options- HFSS
Tools>Options>HFSSOptions>Solver Tools>Options>HFSSOptions>Solver Tools>Options>HFSSOptions>Solver Tools>Options>HFSSOptions>Solver
NumberofProcessors– Requiresadditionallicense
DesiredRAMLimit– leaveituncheckedforauto-detect
MaximumRAMLimit– leaveituncheckedforauto-detect
ProcessPriority– setthesimulationpriorityfromCritical
(highest)toIdle(lowest)
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-50
Overview
Presentation
1
ConvertingOlderHFSSProjectsHFSSv9toHFSSv10
FromHFSSv11.0 FromHFSSv11.0 FromHFSSv11.0 FromHFSSv11.0,
1. SelectthemenuitemFile>Open File>Open File>Open File>Open
2. Opendialog
1. FilesofType:AnsoftHFSSProjectFiles(. AnsoftHFSSProjectFiles(. AnsoftHFSSProjectFiles(. AnsoftHFSSProjectFiles(.hfss hfss hfss hfss) )) )
2. Browsetotheexistingprojectandselectthe.hfss file
3. ClicktheOpen Open Open Open button
WhatisConverted? WhatisConverted? WhatisConverted? WhatisConverted?
ConvertsEntireModel:Geometry,Materials,Boundaries,Optimetrics,
SourcesandSetup
LegacyLicense
ExistingcustomersusingHFSSv9.2.1orv10.1.3shouldhavereceivedlegacylicenseswiththenewv11.0
licenses.
Theselicensesallowyoutorunv11,v10.xorv9.x
ContactyourAccountManagerifthisfeatureisnotavailable
NOTE: NOTE: NOTE: NOTE: Onceaprojectissavedinv11itcannolongerbeopenedinpreviousversions
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-51
Overview
Presentation
1
GeometryHealing
HealingGeometry HealingGeometry HealingGeometry HealingGeometry
KeyEditFeatures
Auto/ManualImportHealing
3DModelAnalysis– 3DModeler/Analyze
Face,Object,Areaanalysisbasedonuserinputs
Listofproblems(faces,edges,vertices)
AutoZoomInintoregionwhereproblemexists
RemoveFace
RemoveEdge
RemoveSliver
RemoveVertices
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-52
Overview
Presentation
1
FaultTolerantMeshing
MeshGeneration
Significantlyimprovedmeshgenerationalgorithms
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-53
Overview
Presentation
1
FaultTolerantMeshing
ModelResolution
Meshbefore Meshbefore Meshbefore Meshbefore:
184,675tets
Meshafter: Meshafter: Meshafter: Meshafter:
24,691tets
Length=0.1mm Length=0.1mm Length=0.1mm Length=0.1mm
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-54
Overview
Presentation
1
DynamicLinks
NewdynamiclinkswithHFSSandbetweenDesigner/Nexxim andSIWave
Newincidentwave:Spherical,cylindrical,linedipole,Gaussian beam,etc
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-55
Overview
Presentation
1
DistributedSolve
DistributedAnalysis
Automatedparsermanagementandreassemblyofdata
Parametrictablesandstudies
Frequencysweepsfordiscrete,fast,andinterpolating
Perlicense,distributedanalysisallowsupto10parallel
simulationsonremotemachines,providingnear-linear
reductionofsimulationruntimes
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-56
Overview
Presentation
1
RecommendedServicePacks(SP)– PConly
MicrosoftWindowsXP- SP2orhigher
UpdatingDrivers
UpdateyourDirectXdriverstover9.0c
http://www.microsoft.com/directx
Updateyourvideodriverstothelatestavailablefromthecardmanufacturer
Memoryallocation32-bitWindows
SincethereleaseofHFSSv9.2youcanaccesssupto3GBofRamona32-bitPC
Allabout3GBswitch,supportedOS
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;291988
Howtouse/3GBswitch
http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/ddtools/hh/ddtools/bootini_1fcj.asp
Possibleproblems
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;328269
IncreasingMemoryallocationHFSSv11
SincethereleaseofHFSSv10,thesolverinHFSSis64bitandcanaccessalargememoryfootprint.
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-57
Overview
Presentation
1
LinuxOperatingSystems
RedHatEnterprise3and4
SUSELinuxEnterprise9.x
Note:RequiresOpenGL
Note:PleaseperformrequiredOSupdatesoutlinedinreadmefile ontheCD
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-58
Overview
Presentation
1
UnixOperatingSystems
Solaris2.8and2.9
Note:RequiresOpenGL
Note:PleaseperformrequiredOSupdatesoutlinedinreadmefile ontheCD
CommonDesktop(CDE)
ThereisanissuewithHFSSdialogboxesmovingbehindthemainwindow.Thefollowinginstructionsdescribe
howtopreventthis:
SelectTools>DesktopControls Tools>DesktopControls Tools>DesktopControls Tools>DesktopControls
SelectWindowStyleManager WindowStyleManager WindowStyleManager WindowStyleManager
FromtheStyleManager– Window
UncheckAllowPrimaryWindowsonTop AllowPrimaryWindowsonTop AllowPrimaryWindowsonTop AllowPrimaryWindowsonTop
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-59
Overview
Presentation
1
ProjectFiles
Everythingregardingtheprojectisstoredinanascii file
File:< << <project_name project_name project_name project_name>. >. >. >.hfss hfss hfss hfss
DoubleclickfromWindowsExplorerwillopenandlaunchHFSSv11
ResultsandMesharestoredinafoldernamed< << <project_name project_name project_name project_name>. >. >. >.hfssresults hfssresults hfssresults hfssresults
Lockfile:< << <project_name project_name project_name project_name>. >. >. >.lock.hfss lock.hfss lock.hfss lock.hfss
Createdwhenaprojectisopened
AutoSaveFile:< << <project_name project_name project_name project_name>. >. >. >.hfss.auto hfss.auto hfss.auto hfss.auto
Whenrecovering,softwareonlychecksdate
Ifanerroroccurredwhensavingtheautofile,thedatewillbe newerthentheoriginal
Lookatfilesize(providedinrecoverdialog)
Scripts
DefaultScriptrecordedinv11
VisualBasicScript
RemoteSolve(WindowsOnly)
Tools>Options>GeneralOptions> Tools>Options>GeneralOptions> Tools>Options>GeneralOptions> Tools>Options>GeneralOptions>
AnalysisOptions AnalysisOptions AnalysisOptions AnalysisOptions
UsesDCOM
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-60
Overview
Presentation
1
AnsoftDesignerSV
AnsoftDesigner™ SVisafull-featuredsubsetofAnsoft's commerciallydistributedAnsoftDesigner
AnsoftDesignerSVcontainsacompletehigh-frequencylinearcircuitsimulator,schematicandlayoutdesignentry,
powerfuldesignutilities,andpost-processing,allintegratedinaneasy-to-useenvironment.Thesoftwarealso
includesacompletesetoflineardistributedtransmissionlinemodels,discontinuities,vendorcomponentparts,and
idealcircuitelements.
AnsoftDesignerSVallowsthesimulationofS-,Y-,andZ-parameters,groupdelay,noisefigure,andstability
circlesofRFandmicrowavecircuits.Utilitiesincludereal-timetuning,filterandTRLsynthesis,andSmithTool
matching.Post-processingincludesrectangularplots,SmithCharts,polarplots,anddatatables.Additionally,
AnsoftDesignerSVcomeswithasetofreal-worldexamples.
FreeDownload FreeDownload FreeDownload FreeDownload:www.ansoft.com/ansoftdesignersv
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P1-61
Overview
Presentation
1
ForTechnicalSupport
ThefollowinglinkwilldirectyoutotheAnsoftSupportPage.TheAnsoftSupportPagesprovideadditional
documentation,training,andapplicationnotes.WebSite:http://www.ansoft.com/support.cfm
ApplicationEngineersforNorthAmerica
Thenamesandnumbersinthislistmaychangewithoutnotice
9-4EST:
Pittsburgh,PA Pittsburgh,PA Pittsburgh,PA Pittsburgh,PA
(412)261-3200x0– AskforTechnicalSupport
Burlington,MA Burlington,MA Burlington,MA Burlington,MA
(781)229-8900x0– AskforTechnicalSupport
9-4PST:
SanJose,CA SanJose,CA SanJose,CA SanJose,CA
(408)261-9095x0– AskforTechnicalSupport
Portland,OR Portland,OR Portland,OR Portland,OR
(503)906-7944
Irvine,CA Irvine,CA Irvine,CA Irvine,CA
(714)417-9311x6
THlSPAGElNTENTlONALLYLEFTBLANK
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-1
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
WhyareTheyCritical?
Formostpracticalproblems,thesolutiontoMaxwell’sequationsrequiresa
rigorousmatrixapproachsuchastheFiniteElementMethod(FEM) which
isusedbyAnsoftHFSS.
ThewaveequationsolvedbyAnsoftHFSS isderivedfromthe
differentialformofMaxwell’sequations.
Fortheseexpressionstobevalid,itisassumedthatthefieldvectorsare:
single-valued,
bounded,andhavea
continuous distribution(alongwiththeirderivatives)
Alongboundariesofmediaoratsources,
Fieldvectorsarediscontinuous
Derivativesofthefieldvectorshavenomeaning
0 = ⋅ ∇
= ⋅ ∇


+ = × ∇


− = × ∇
B
D
t
D
J H
t
B
E
ρ
BoundaryConditionsdefinethefieldbehavioracrossdiscontinuousboundaries
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-2
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
WhydoICare?
TheyForce thefieldstoalignwiththedefinitionoftheboundarycondition
AsauserIshouldbeasking
Whatassumptions,aboutthefields,dotheboundaryconditionsmake?
Aretheseassumptionsappropriateforthestructurebeingsimulated?
ModelScope
Toreducetheinfinitespaceoftherealworldtoafinitevolume,AnsoftHFSS automatically
appliesaboundarytothesurfacesurroundingthegeometricmodel
Outerboundary
DefaultBoundary:PerfectE
ModelComplexity
Toreducethecomplexityofamodel,theboundaryconditionscan beusedtoimprovethe:
SolutionTime
ComputerResources
Failuretounderstandboundaryconditionsmayleadtoinconsistentresults
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-3
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
WhatareCommonAnsoftHFSSBoundaryConditions?
Excitations
WavePorts(External)
LumpedPorts(Internal)
SurfaceApproximations
PerfectEorPerfectHSurface
FiniteConductivitySurface
ImpedanceSurface
SymmetryPlanes
RadiationSurface
MaterialProperties
Boundarybetweentwodielectrics
FiniteConductivityofaconductor
Largelytheusersresponsibility
Transparenttotheuser
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-4
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
SurfaceApproximations
PerfectE PerfectE PerfectE PerfectE – Forcestheelectricfieldperpendiculartothesurface
OuterSurface– DefaultBoundary
PEC/PerfectConductorMaterialProperty
Modelcomplexity:Reducedbyeliminatingconductorloss
PerfectH PerfectH PerfectH PerfectH – Forcestheelectricfieldtangenttothesurface
FiniteConductivity FiniteConductivity FiniteConductivity FiniteConductivity – Lossyelectricconductor.
Forcesthetangentialelectricfieldatthesurfaceto:Z
s
(n xH
tan
).
Thesurfaceimpedance(Z
s
)isequalto,(1+j)/(δσ),
Modelcomplexity:Reducedbyeliminatingconductorthickness
ImpedanceSurface ImpedanceSurface ImpedanceSurface ImpedanceSurface – Representsurfacesofaknownimpedance
Forcesthetangentialelectricfieldatthesurfaceto:Z
s
(n xH
tan
).
Thesurfaceimpedance(Z
s
)isequalto,R
s
+jX
s
(Ohms/Square)
LayeredImpedance LayeredImpedance LayeredImpedance LayeredImpedance – ModelsmultiplethinlayersinastructureasanImpedanceSurface
LumpedRLC LumpedRLC LumpedRLC LumpedRLC – Parallelcombination
PerfectESurface PerfectESurface PerfectESurface PerfectESurface
Perfect H Surface
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-5
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
SurfaceApproximations(Continued)
SymmetryPlanes SymmetryPlanes SymmetryPlanes SymmetryPlanes – Enableyoutomodelonlypartofastructure
PerfectEorPerfectHSymmetryPlanes
Mustbeexposedtotheoutersurface
Mustbeonaplanarsurface
Remember!MechanicalSymmetrydoesnotEqualElectricalSymmetry Remember!MechanicalSymmetrydoesnotEqualElectricalSymmetry Remember!MechanicalSymmetrydoesnotEqualElectricalSymmetry Remember!MechanicalSymmetrydoesnotEqualElectricalSymmetry
Modelcomplexity:Reducedbyeliminatingpartofthesolutionvolume
FullModel FullModel FullModel FullModel
PerfectESymmetry PerfectESymmetry PerfectESymmetry PerfectESymmetry
PerfectHSymmetry PerfectHSymmetry PerfectHSymmetry PerfectHSymmetry
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-6
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
SurfaceApproximations(Continued)
RadiationSurface RadiationSurface RadiationSurface RadiationSurface – Allowswavestoradiateinfinitelyfarintospace.
Theboundaryabsorbswaveattheradiationsurface
Canbeplacedonarbitrarysurfaces
Accuracydependson
Thedistancebetweentheboundaryandtheradiatingobject
Theradiationboundaryshouldbelocatedatleastone-quarterofawavelength
fromaradiatingstructure.Ifyouaresimulatingastructurethatdoesnotradiate,
theboundarycanbelocatedlessthenone-quarterofawavelength(Thevalidity
ofthisassumptionwillrequireyourengineeringjudgment).
Theincidentangle
Theradiationboundarywillreflectvaryingamountsofenergydependingonthe
incidenceangle.Thebestperformanceisachievedatnormalincidence.Avoid
anglesgreaterthen~30degrees.Inaddition,theradiationboundarymustremain
convexrelativetothewave.
PerfectlyMatchedLayer(PML) PerfectlyMatchedLayer(PML) PerfectlyMatchedLayer(PML) PerfectlyMatchedLayer(PML) – Allowswavestoradiateinfinitelyfarintospace.
NotaBoundaryCondition.Fictitiousmaterialsthatfullyabsorbtheelectromagneticfields
impinginguponthem.Thesematerialsarecomplexanisotropic.
Types
FreeSpaceTerminationorReflectionFreeTermination
Canonlybeplacedonplanarsurface
Modelcomplexity:Theydonotsufferfromthedistanceorincidentangleproblemsof
Radiationboundariesbutshouldbeplaceatleastone-tenthofawavelengthfrom
strongradiators
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-7
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
SurfaceApproximations(Continued)
InfiniteGround InfiniteGround InfiniteGround InfiniteGround Planes Planes Planes Planes – Simulatetheeffectsofaninfinitegroundplane
Onlyaffectsthecalculationofnear- orfar-fieldradiationduringpostprocessing
Types:PerfectE,FiniteConductivity,orImpedanceSurface
FrequencyDependentBoundaryConditions FrequencyDependentBoundaryConditions FrequencyDependentBoundaryConditions FrequencyDependentBoundaryConditions
ThefollowingboundaryparameterscanbeassignedanexpressionthatincludesFreq:
FiniteConductivity
Impedance
LumpedRLC
LayeredImpedance
SupportedFrequencySweeps
SingleFrequency
DiscreteSweep
InterpolatingSweep
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-8
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Port1
Port2
Port3
Port4
Excitations
Portsareauniquetypeofboundarycondition
Allowenergytoflowintoandoutofastructure.
Definedon2Dplanarsurface
Arbitraryportsolvercalculatesthenaturalfieldpatternsormodes
Assumessemi-infinitelylongwaveguide
Samecross-sectionandmaterialpropertiesasportsurface
2Dfieldpatternsserveasboundaryconditionsforthefull3Dproblem
ExcitationTypes ExcitationTypes ExcitationTypes ExcitationTypes
WavePort (Waveguide)– External
Recommendedonlyforsurfacesexposedtothebackground
Supportsmultiplemodes(Example:CoupledLines)anddeembedding
ComputeGeneralizedS-Parameters
FrequencydependentCharacteristicImpedance(Zo)
Perfectlymatchedateveryfrequency
LumpedPort – Internal
Recommendedonlyforsurfacesinternaltogeometricmodel
Singlemode(TEM)andno deembedding
NormalizedtoaconstantuserdefinedZo
Measurements Measurements Measurements Measurements
Constant Constant Constant ConstantZo Zo Zo Zo
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-9
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Excitations(Continued)
WaveEquation WaveEquation WaveEquation WaveEquation
Thefieldpatternofatravelingwaveinsideawaveguidecanbedeterminedbysolving
Maxwell’sequations.Thefollowingequationthatissolvedbythe2Dsolverisderiveddirectly
fromMaxwell’sequation.
where:
E EE E(x,y)isaphasor representinganoscillatingelectricfield.
k
0
isthefreespacewavenumber,
µ
r
isthecomplexrelativepermeability.
ε
r
isthecomplexrelativepermittivity.
Tosolvethisequation,the2Dsolverobtainsanexcitationfieldpatternintheformofaphasor
solution,E EE E(x,y).Thesephasor solutionsareindependentofzandt;onlyafterbeingmultiplied
bye
-γz
dotheybecometravelingwaves.
Alsonotethattheexcitationfieldpatterncomputedisvalidonlyatasinglefrequency.A
differentexcitationfieldpatterniscomputedforeachfrequencypointofinterest.
( ) 0 ) , ( ,
1
2
0
= −








× ∇ × ∇ y x E k y x E
r
r
ε
µ
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-10
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Excitations(Continued)
Modes,Reflections,andPropagation Modes,Reflections,andPropagation Modes,Reflections,andPropagation Modes,Reflections,andPropagation
Itisalsopossiblefora3Dfieldsolutiongeneratedbyanexcitationsignalofonespecific
modetocontainreflectionsofhigher-ordermodeswhichariseduetodiscontinuitiesinahigh
frequencystructure.
Ifthesehigher-ordermodesarereflectedbacktotheexcitationportortransmittedonto
anotherport,theS-parametersassociatedwiththesemodesshouldbecalculated.
Ifthehigher-ordermodedecaysbeforereachinganyport—eitherbecauseofattenuationdue
tolossesorbecauseitisanon-propagatingevanescentmode—thereisnoneedtoobtainthe
S-parametersforthatmode.
WavePortsRequireaLengthofUniformCrossSection WavePortsRequireaLengthofUniformCrossSection WavePortsRequireaLengthofUniformCrossSection WavePortsRequireaLengthofUniformCrossSection
AnsoftHFSS assumesthateachportyoudefineisconnectedtoasemi-infinitelylong
waveguidethathasthesamecrosssectionastheWavePort
nouniformcrosssection
atWavePorts
uniformcrosssection
addedforeachWavePort
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-11
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Excitations(Continued)
WavePortBoundaryConditions WavePortBoundaryConditions WavePortBoundaryConditions WavePortBoundaryConditions
PerfectEorFiniteConductivity
Default:AllouteredgesarePerfectE boundary.
Portisdefinedwithinawaveguide.
Easyforenclosedtransmissionlines:CoaxorWaveguide
Challengingforunbalancedornon-enclosedlines:Microstrip,CPW,Slotline,etc.
SymmetryorImpedance
Recognizedattheportedges
Radiation
DefaultinterfaceisaPerfectE boundary
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-12
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Excitations(Continued)
LumpedPortBoundaryConditions LumpedPortBoundaryConditions LumpedPortBoundaryConditions LumpedPortBoundaryConditions
PerfectEorFiniteConductivity
Anyportedgethatinterfaceswithaconductororanotherportedge
PerfectH
Allremainingportedges
Perfect H
Perfect H
Perfect E
Perfect E
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-13
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Excitations(Continued)
Excitation Excitation Excitation Excitation– –– – Calibration Calibration Calibration Calibration
Portsmustbecalibratedtoensureconsistentresults.Determines:
Directionandpolarityoffields
Voltagecalculations.
SolutionType:DrivenModal
Expressedintermsoftheincidentandreflectedpowersofthewaveguidemodes.
Definitionnotdesirableforproblemshavingseveralpropagating quasi-TEMmodes
Coupled/Multi-CoupledTransmissionLines
Alwaysusedbythesolver
Calibration:IntegrationLine
PhasebetweenPorts
Modalvoltageintegrationpath:Zpi,Zpv,Zvi
SolutionType:DrivenTerminal
LinearcombinationofnodalvoltagesandcurrentsfortheWavePort.
EquivalenttransformationperformedfromModalSolution
Calibration:TerminalLine
Polarity
Nodalvoltageintegrationpath
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-14
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
ExampleSolutionTypes:
T1 T1 T1 T1 T2 T2 T2 T2
IntegrationLine IntegrationLine IntegrationLine IntegrationLine
Mode1 Mode1 Mode1 Mode1
(EvenMode) (EvenMode) (EvenMode) (EvenMode)
IntegrationLine IntegrationLine IntegrationLine IntegrationLine
Mode2 Mode2 Mode2 Mode2
(OddMode) (OddMode) (OddMode) (OddMode)
ModestoNodes ModestoNodes ModestoNodes ModestoNodes
Transformation Transformation Transformation Transformation
SPICE SPICE SPICE SPICE
DifferentialPairs DifferentialPairs DifferentialPairs DifferentialPairs
Modal
Port1 Port1 Port1 Port1 Port2 Port2 Port2 Port2
Terminal
Port1 Port1 Port1 Port1 Port2 Port2 Port2 Port2
T1 T1 T1 T1
T2 T2 T2 T2
T1 T1 T1 T1
T2 T2 T2 T2
2Modes 2Modes 2Modes 2Modes 2Modes 2Modes 2Modes 2Modes
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-15
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
ApplicationofBoundaryConditions- Case1
Emulatelaboratorymeasurements
Verification/Validationbeforeproduction
PicturecourtesyofDelphi
PicturecourtesyofTektronix
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-16
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
ApplicationofBoundaryConditions- Case2
Isolatepartofastructure(i.e.Excitingarbitrarytransmissionlines)
Notphysicallypossibletomeasureinthelaboratory
Full-Waveanalysisnotrequiredfortotalsystem
Ortotalsystemtoocomplex
Designwork/Componentleveloptimization
Postproductionproblemsolving
IsolatedComponent– ViaTransition
TotalSystem
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-17
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
ExampleStructure
CoaxtoStripline
LAYER2(SIGNAL)
LAYER3(BOTTOMSIDE)
LAYER1(TOPSIDE)
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-18
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
MaterialProperties
All3D(Solid)objectshavematerialdefinitions
Tocompletethemodelshownpreviouslywemustincludetheair
thatsurroundsthestructure.
air air air air
Note: Note: Note: Note: Substrate/Airboundary Substrate/Airboundary Substrate/Airboundary Substrate/Airboundary
includedinstructure includedinstructure includedinstructure includedinstructure
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-19
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Remember! MaterialBoundaryconditionsaretransparenttotheuser
TheyarenotvisibleintheProjectTree
ExampleMaterialBoundary:ConductorsSurfaceApproximations
PerfectConductorsPerfectEBoundary(BoundaryName:smetal)
ForcesE-Fieldperpendiculartosurface
LossyConductorsFiniteConductivityBoundary
ForcestangentialE-Fieldto((1+j)/(δσ))(nxH
tan
).
Assumesoneskindepth– UsermustmanuallyforceAnsoftHFSS to
solveinsidelossyconductorsthatare≤ askindepth
smetal smetal smetal smetal
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-20
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
SurfaceApproximations
BackgroundorOuterBoundary
NotvisibleintheProjectTree
AnyobjectsurfacethattouchesitPerfectE Boundary
Defaultboundaryappliedtotheregionsurroundingthegeometric model
Modelisencasedinathinmetallayerthatnofieldspropagatethrough
Overridewith Overridewith Overridewith Overridewith
RadiationBoundary RadiationBoundary RadiationBoundary RadiationBoundary
outer outer outer outer
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-21
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
WhatPortTypeShouldIUse?
Exampleiseasydecision
Porttouchesbackground(External)
CrossSectionisCoax(EnclosedTransmissionLine)
WavePort
SolutionType:DrivenTerminal
SPICEOutput
IdentifyPortType& IdentifyPortType& IdentifyPortType& IdentifyPortType&
CrossSection CrossSection CrossSection CrossSection
AssignExcitation& AssignExcitation& AssignExcitation& AssignExcitation&
CalibratePort CalibratePort CalibratePort CalibratePort
DefineDefault DefineDefault DefineDefault DefineDefault
PostProcessing PostProcessing PostProcessing PostProcessing
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-22
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
IsitReallythatSimple?
Yes,butthegeometricmodelwassetupwithseveralconsiderations
1. Onlythefaceofthecoaxdielectricwasselectedfortheportface
PortBoundaryconditionsdefineouterconductor
MaterialDefinitionsdefineinnerconductor
2. Uniformportcross-section
Onlysupportsasinglemode
Higher-ordermodescausedbyreflectionswouldattenuatebeforeport
Modesattenuateasafunctionofe
-αz
,assumingpropagationinthez-direction.
Requireddistance(uniformportlength)dependsonmodespropagationconstant.
Uniformcross Uniformcross Uniformcross Uniformcross- -- -section section section section
RuleofThumb:5x RuleofThumb:5x RuleofThumb:5x RuleofThumb:5x
CriticalDistance CriticalDistance CriticalDistance CriticalDistance
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-23
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
HowoftenistheSetupthatSimple?
Ifyouareemulatinglaboratorymeasurements?[Case1]
Mostofthetime!
Laboratoryequipmentdoesnotdirectlyconnecttoarbitrarytransmission
lines
Exceptions
EmulatingComplexProbeswithaPortUnderstandingofProbe
Ifyouareisolatingpartofastructure?[Case2]
For“real” designs- usuallyonlybydumbluck!
UserMustUnderstandand/orImplementCorrectly:
1. PortBoundaryconditionsandimpactofboundarycondition
2. Fieldswithinthestructure
3. Assumptionsmadebyportsolver
4. Returnpath
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-24
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
SideNote:ProblemsAssociatedwithCorrelatingResults[Case2]
Canbebrokenintotwocategoriesofproblems
1. ComplexStructure
BGA,Backplane,AntennaFeed,Waveguide“Plumbing”,etc
Mostcommonproblemsresultfrom
Measurementsetup– Testfixtures,deembedding,etc.
FailingtounderstandthefieldsinthestructureBoundaryProblem
Returnpathproblems– Modeltruncation
2. SimpleStructures
Uniformtransmissionlines
EquationsorCircuitElements
Mostcommonproblemsresultfrom
Improperuseofdefaultorexcitationboundaryconditions
Failuretounderstandtheassumptionsusedby“correct” results
(EquationsorCircuitElements)
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-25
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Whyaretheycritical?
Anycurrentinjectedintoasystemmustreturntothesource
DC
Choosespathofleastresistance
AC
Choosespathofleastinductance
Asignalpropagatesbetweenthesignaltraceanditsreferenceplane
Referenceplaneisjustasimportantassignaltrace!
WhydoIcare?
Manyrealdesignshavenonideal returnpaths
Theseeffectsareonlycapturedbyfull-wavesimulators
Isolatingpartsofastructure
Failuretomaintainthecorrectreturnpathwill
Limitcorrelationtomeasurements
Maskorcreatedesignproblems
PortandBoundarysetupisthemostcommonsourceoferrorinmodelsetup
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-26
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Port1 Port1 Port1 Port1
Port2 Port2 Port2 Port2 Port3 Port3 Port3 Port3
NoDC NoDC NoDC NoDC
ReturnPath ReturnPath ReturnPath ReturnPath
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-27
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Port1 Port1 Port1 Port1
Port2 Port2 Port2 Port2 Port3 Port3 Port3 Port3
DC DC DC DC
ReturnPath ReturnPath ReturnPath ReturnPath
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-28
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
DC&RF DC&RF DC&RF DC&RF
ReturnPath ReturnPath ReturnPath ReturnPath
S21 S21 S21 S21
S11 S11 S11 S11
S31 S31 S31 S31
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-29
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Isolatepartofstructure- Case2
IsolateTransition
Deembed
RecombineusingAnsoftDesigner- Circuit
WavePort WavePort WavePort WavePort
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-30
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
AnsoftDesigner AnsoftDesigner AnsoftDesigner AnsoftDesigner- -- - Circuit Circuit Circuit Circuit
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-31
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-32
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Whatwentwrong?
IsolatePortfromDiscontinuity?
Yes
UniformCross-Section?
NO– Thecrosssectionoftheport(includingitsboundaries)isnot maintained
MaintainReturnPath?
NO– Boundaryonportshortstheplanestogetheratedges
Identicaltoplacingviasatportedge!
AllModesAccountedfor?
NO– DidnotconsiderParallelPlatemode
Evenifwedid,thevia(portedge)cutsoffmode Reasonviasareused!
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-33
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Stripline Stripline Stripline Stripline
Parallel Parallel Parallel Parallel
Plate Plate Plate Plate
ModeMatching
AnsoftDesigner AnsoftDesigner AnsoftDesigner AnsoftDesigner- -- - Circuit Circuit Circuit Circuit
WavePort WavePort WavePort WavePort
2Terminals 2Terminals 2Terminals 2Terminals
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-34
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
NoDC NoDC NoDC NoDC
ReturnPath ReturnPath ReturnPath ReturnPath
PortInfluences PortInfluences PortInfluences PortInfluences
Results Results Results Results
LumpedPort LumpedPort LumpedPort LumpedPort
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-35
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-36
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
TOP
T1
T2
T3
Power
GND
BOTTOM
G
P
SIDE
Power
GND
Signal
Lumped Gap Port
Terminal Line
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-37
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
Lumped Gap Port
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-38
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
DifferentialLumpedGapPorts DifferentialLumpedGapPorts DifferentialLumpedGapPorts DifferentialLumpedGapPorts
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-39
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
G S G
Port
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-40
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
w
h
6h to
10h
10w, w ≥ h
or
5w (3h to 4h), w < h
MicrostripPortSizingGuidelines
Assumewidthofmicrostriptraceisw
Assumeheightofsubstratedielectricish
PortHeightGuidelines
Between6hand10h
Tendtowardsupperlimitasdielectricconstantdropsandmorefieldsexistinairratherthansubstrate
Bottomedgeofportcoplanarwiththeupperfaceofgroundplane
(Ifrealstructureisenclosedlowerthanthisguideline,modeltherealstructure!)
PortWidthGuidelines
10w,formicrostripprofileswithw≥ h
5w,orontheorderof3hto4h,formicrostripprofileswithw<h
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P2-41
Boundary/Excitations- Overview
Presentation
2
StriplinePortSizingGuidelines
Assumewidthofstriplinetraceisw
Assumeheightofsubstratedielectricish
PortHeightGuidelines
Extendfromuppertolowergroundplane,h
PortWidthGuidelines
8w,formicrostripprofileswithw≥ h
5w,orontheorderof3hto4h,formicrostripprofileswithw<h
BoundaryNote:CanalsomakesidewallsofportPerfectH boundaries
w
h
8w, w ≥ h
or
5w (3h to 4h), w < h
THlSPAGElNTENTlONALLYLEFTBLANK
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-1
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
ProductUpdate
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-2
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Faster Faster Faster Faster
AutoAssignTerminals
MaterialOverride
De-featuring/GeometryHealing
Remote&DistributedAnalysis
MeshQuality:Fewerpasses
NewReportFunctions
PortSolver
MoreAccurate MoreAccurate MoreAccurate MoreAccurate
MeshQuality:Convergence
TrueSurfaceMeshing
DCExtrapolation
PortSolver:Floquetports
PortSolver:Higherorderfunctions
LessMemory LessMemory LessMemory LessMemory
MeshQuality:Fewertets
ImprovedPortSolver:
{Simplifiedmechanics,
Iterativesolver,&
Higherorderfunctions}
The trend in field solver technology is towards faster, more accurate simulations that
require less system memory. HFSS v11 delivers on all fronts:
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-3
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
AnsoftHFSSv11
Enhancements:GUI,Mesh,&Solver
NewFeatures:GUI,Mesh,&Solver
PlatformSupport
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-4
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
AnsoftHFSSCoreTechnologies
GUI GUI GUI GUI
Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh Solver Solver Solver Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-5
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
EnhancementsSummary
GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface
AutoAssignTerminals
MaterialOverride
De-featuring/GeometryHealing
AnalysisOptions(Local/Remote/Distributed)
Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
MeshQuality
IncreasedSpeed
GeometryHealing
CoincidentTrueSurface
Mesh Growth increased to 30%
Solver Solver Solver Solver
DCExtrapolation
Improved Dynamic Links
64-bitEigenmodesolver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-6
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Enhancements
GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface
AutoAssignTerminals
MaterialOverride
De-featuring/GeometryHealing
AnalysisOptions(Local/Remote/Distributed)
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-7
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
AutomaticTerminalAssignment
Step1:AssignPort Step1:AssignPort Step1:AssignPort Step1:AssignPort Step2:ChooseConductors/Reference Step2:ChooseConductors/Reference Step2:ChooseConductors/Reference Step2:ChooseConductors/Reference
Note:DialogRemembersReferenceConductors
Finished Finished Finished Finished
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-8
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
MetalMaterialOverride
Eliminatesoverlaperrorscausedbymetalspassingthroughmultipledielectrics
MenuitemHFSS>SetMaterialOverride
WithoutMaterialOverride WithoutMaterialOverride WithoutMaterialOverride WithoutMaterialOverride
Requiresseparateobjectstomakeanet Requiresseparateobjectstomakeanet Requiresseparateobjectstomakeanet Requiresseparateobjectstomakeanet
DifferentialVia DifferentialVia DifferentialVia DifferentialVia
Example Example Example Example
MaterialOverride MaterialOverride MaterialOverride MaterialOverride
Simulateasanet Simulateasanet Simulateasanet Simulateasanet
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-9
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
De-Featuring/Healing
FeatureRemoval(Holes,Chamfers,Bends)
Healing(Auto,Manual,None)
ObjectPropertiesDisplay
Object Object Object Object
Healing Healing Healing Healing
Object Object Object Object
Properties Properties Properties Properties
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-10
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
FeatureRemoval
Holes Holes Holes Holes
Blends Blends Blends Blends
Step1:EnterFeatureDetectionOptions Step1:EnterFeatureDetectionOptions Step1:EnterFeatureDetectionOptions Step1:EnterFeatureDetectionOptions
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-11
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
FeatureRemoval
Removed Removed Removed Removed
Note Note Note Note: There are two modes of operation for the feature removal: Healing
andModelAnalysis.ModelAnalysiswasusedhereandallowsthe userto
manually select which geometry features are removed. For healing, all
features that meet the user defined criteria are automatically removed.
Both options are found in the menu item Modeler > Model Analysis Modeler > Model Analysis Modeler > Model Analysis Modeler > Model Analysis
Step2:SelectFeaturestoRemove Step2:SelectFeaturestoRemove Step2:SelectFeaturestoRemove Step2:SelectFeaturestoRemove
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-12
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Distributed/RemoteSolve
Analysisperformedusingtheactiveanalysismachineoption
Local,Remote,orDistributed
DistributedModeEnhancements
FrequencySweepsautomaticallydistributed
AllOptimetricssolutiontypesaresupported
“Smart” distributedanalysis
Dependentparametricsweepsare
automaticallydistributed
Local Local Local Local Remote Remote Remote Remote Distributed Distributed Distributed Distributed
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-13
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
AdditionalGUIEnhancements
SurfaceVisibility
Controlstheappearanceoftruesurfaceobjects
SelectMenuitemView>SurfaceVisualization
UpdatedToolbar/DockableWindows
Copy/PasteSolutionSetups
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-14
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Enhancements
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
MeshQuality
IncreasedSpeed
GeometryHealing
CoincidentTrueSurface
Mesh Growth increased to 30%
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-15
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
MeshGeneration
UpdatedGeometryKernel(ACISR16SP4)
Initialmeshimprovements:
Classicalmesherworkswithmodelresolution
ClassicalmesherisinvokedfirstfollowedbytheFaultTolerant Meshingifthegeometryneedsadditional
attention
Adaptivemeshingimprovements:
HigherQualityMesh
Achievedthroughaloweraspectratio
Fasterconvergence!
ReducedCPUtime- Faster
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-16
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
MeshQualityExample
Example:VivaldiAntenna
Meshrefinement=30%
MaxDeltaS=0.01
MinimumConvergedPasses=2
Version10
#adaptivepasses=13
#oftetrahedra=82k
Solvermemory=2.67GB
Time=20min,06sec
Version11
#adaptivepasses=9
#oftetrahedra=26k
Solvermemory=770MB
Time=3min
V11: V11: V11: V11:
6.7xFasterSimulation 6.7xFasterSimulation 6.7xFasterSimulation 6.7xFasterSimulation
2.7xLessMemory 2.7xLessMemory 2.7xLessMemory 2.7xLessMemory
4lessAdaptivePasses 4lessAdaptivePasses 4lessAdaptivePasses 4lessAdaptivePasses
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-17
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
MeshQualityExample– ACloserLook
V10 V10 V10 V10
V11 V11 V11 V11
Forcedto4Minimum
ConvergedPasses
DetailView DetailView DetailView DetailView
V11 V11 V11 V11
- -- - DeltaSloweratstart DeltaSloweratstart DeltaSloweratstart DeltaSloweratstart
- -- - Lower Lower Lower Lower“ ““ “noise noise noise noise” ”” ” in in in in
convergenceplot convergenceplot convergenceplot convergenceplot
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-18
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
AdaptiveMeshing- Speed
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-19
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
DefaultMeshSettings
Maximumrefinementperpasshasbeenincreasedto30%
Investigationsshowedimprovedconvergencewith30%
Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements Enhancements- -- -Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-20
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Enhancements
Enhancements -Solver
Solver Solver Solver Solver
DCExtrapolation
Improved Dynamic Links
64-bitEigenmodesolver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-21
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
DCExtrapolation
ImprovedalgorithmtoextrapolatetoDC
SimplifiedSetup
Reliable
AutomaticallyappliedtoSolvedv10projectswhenopenedinv11
Enhancements -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-22
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
DCExtrapolationExample
V10 V10 V10 V10
V11 V11 V11 V11
Enhancements -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-23
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
NewFeaturesSummary
GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface
2DReport/PlotEditor
AntennaPostProcessing
DifferentialPairsw/Single-EndedPorts
CustomUserTools
3DGDSIIExport
Mesh Mesh Mesh Mesh
DynamicLambda/PortMeshSettings
Solver Solver Solver Solver
PortSolver
Higher-orderBasisFunctions
IterativeSolver
GeneticAlgorithm(Optimetrics)
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-24
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
NewFeatures
NewFeatures NewFeatures NewFeatures NewFeatures- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface GraphicalUserInterface
2DReport/PlotEditor
AntennaPostProcessing
DifferentialPairsw/Single-EndedPorts
CustomUserTools
3DGDSIIExport
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-25
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
2DReports
Improved use of screen real-estate
Moveable/scrollable legend, marker
and note windows
Auto font scaling to allow tick label
fit
NewFeatures NewFeatures NewFeatures NewFeatures- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-26
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
2DReports 2DReports 2DReports 2DReports- -- - Markers Markers Markers Markers
X Marker Properties
No reference
marker
Absolute values
Absolute values
Reference
marker
Delta values
Absolute values
NewFeatures NewFeatures NewFeatures NewFeatures- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-27
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Newreportfunctions:
Front-backratio
3dBBeamwidth
Sidelobelevels
2DReports- Antenna/FieldsPost-ProcessingFunctions
NewFeatures NewFeatures NewFeatures NewFeatures- -- -GUI GUI GUI GUI
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-28
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
NewFeatures
Solver Solver Solver Solver
PortSolver
Higher-orderBasisFunctions
IterativeSolver
GeneticAlgorithm(Optimetrics)
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-29
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
PortSolver
NewFeatures
Developedwithlatestwavesolvertechnology
Currentbased“terminals”
Faster– Useslessdisk
Improvedlowfrequencyperformance
LowerNoiseFloor
Floquetports
Usessamebasisorderas3Dsolve
PortconvergenceisbasedonDeltaZo
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-30
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
DrivenTerminalSolution
DrivenTerminalFormulation
Currentbasedformulation(∫H*dlaroundconductor’sperimeter)
Allowsforautomaticterminalassignment
Easiertosetup
Increasedaccuracyandconsistency
V10VoltagebasedTerminalLines V10VoltagebasedTerminalLines V10VoltagebasedTerminalLines V10VoltagebasedTerminalLines
V11 V11 V11 V11
CurrentBasedTerminals CurrentBasedTerminals CurrentBasedTerminals CurrentBasedTerminals
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-31
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
AccuratePortSolverPerformance:
ImprovedPortSolver+LowFrequency/DCBehavior+ImprovedInterpolatingSweep=ImprovedTransmission
LineSolutions
0.00 200.00 400.00 600.00 800.00 1000.00
Time [ps]
100.00
105.00
110.00
115.00
120.00
125.00
Y
1
Ansoft Corporation GSSGSSG Stripline
TDRZ
Curve Info
TDRZt(D1)
20GHz : DC_20GHz
TDRZt(D2)
20GHz : DC_20GHz
TDRZt(2_D1)
20GHz : DC_20GHz
TDRZt(2_D2)
20GHz : DC_20GHz
GSSGSSGStripline
DCto20GHz DCto20GHz DCto20GHz DCto20GHz
Four Four Four Four“ ““ “identical identical identical identical” ”” ” pairs pairs pairs pairs
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-32
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
PortSolver- Floquet Ports
FSSsolvedwithnewFloquetportinv11
~ 8 X Faster simulation time
~ 4 X Less Memory required
Time RAM
v10w/PML 39min 908MB
v11w/Floquet 5min 226MB
v10 v11
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-33
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Solver- Higher-OrderBasisFunctions
Added2ndOrderElements
Basisfunctionsarehierarchical
IncreasedAccuracywithlesselements
Convergenceisafunctionofbasisorder
H
0
(curl)
elements
H
1
(curl)
elements
H
2
(curl)
elements
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-34
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Solver- HigherOrderBasisMesh
1
st
Order 2
nd
Order
Homogenous Materials Require Less Dense Meshes
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-35
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Solver– Iterative
Howdoesitwork?
TheIterativeMatrixSolverworksby“guessing” asolutiontothematrixofunknowns,andthenrecursivelyupdating
the“guess” untilanerrortolerancehasbeenreached
Whatistheadvantage?
ReducedRAMandSimulationTime
WheredoyoucontroltheIterativeSolver?
OptionsTabfromSolutionSetupdialog
Initial guess
Preconditioner
Update solution and
search direction
Converges ?
yes
no
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-36
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
λ/4 @ 100 MHz
#Passes Time RAM
v10 4 91min 11.4GB
v11 4 6min 550MB
~ 15 X Faster simulation time
~ 21 X Less Memory required
AND more accurate
Monopole over a 5λ λλ λ x 5λ λλ λ Plate
Example:BasisFunctions&IterativeSolver
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-37
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Example:BasisFunctions&IterativeSolver
Howmanypassesoncomputerw/8GBRAM?
• Direct:3Passes
• Iterative:11Passes
CopperWall
IncreasedCapacity(4x)
Iterative Direct
4xCapacityonSameMachine
2xUnknowns– 2xMemory
Volume: 447cubic wavelengths
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-38
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Iterative Direct
Iterative Direct
3.2xLessRAM
6.4xFaster
IterativeandDirect
Convergein3Passes
New Features -Solver
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-39
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
PlatformSupport
Windows(32/64)
XPProfessional
Server2003
Linux
RedHatEnterprise3/4
Suse9.x
SunUltraSparc
Solaris9/10
Note: Vista is NOT supported
AnsoftHighFrequencyStructureSimulatorv11– TrainingSeminar P3-40
V11– ProductUpdate
Presentation
3
Questions?
Faster Faster Faster Faster
AutoAssignTerminals
MaterialOverride
De-featuring/GeometryHealing
Remote&DistributedAnalysis
MeshQuality:Fewerpasses
NewReportFunctions
PortSolver
MoreAccurate MoreAccurate MoreAccurate MoreAccurate
MeshQuality:Convergence
TrueSurfaceMeshing
DCExtrapolation
PortSolver:Floquetports
PortSolver:Higherorderfunctions
LessMemory LessMemory LessMemory LessMemory
MeshQuality:Fewertets
Iterativesolver
Higherorderfunctions
The trend in field solver technology is towards faster, more accurate simulations that
require less system memory. HFSS v11 delivers on all fronts:

Examples - Contents
Introduction Chapter 5.0 – Antenna Examples
5.1 – UHF Probe 5.2 – Circular Waveguide Horn 5.3 – Probe Feed Patch 5.4 – Slot Coupled Patch 5.5 – Endfire Array

Chapter 6.0 – Microwave Examples
6.1 – Magic T 6.2 – Coax Bend 6.3 – Ring Hybrid 6.4 – Coax Stub Includes Optimetrics Example 6.5 – Microstrip - Wave Ports Includes Optimetrics Example

Chapter 7.0 – Filter Examples
7.1 – Bandpass Filter

Chapter 8.0 – Signal Integrity Examples
8.1a – LVDS Differential Pair Includes Optimetrics Example 8.1b – LVDS Differential Pair Transient Simulation (Ansoft Designer) 8.2a – Segmented Return Path 8.2b – Segmented Return Path TDR (Ansoft Designer) 8.3 – Non-Ideal Planes 8.4 – Return Path

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

2

Ansoft HFSS Fundamentals
What is HFSS?
HFSS is a high-performance full-wave electromagnetic(EM) field simulator for arbitrary 3D volumetric passive device modeling that takes advantage of the familiar Microsoft Windows graphical user interface. It integrates simulation, visualization, solid modeling, and automation in an easy-to-learn environment where solutions to your 3D EM problems are quickly and accurately obtained. Ansoft HFSS employs the Finite Element Method(FEM), adaptive meshing, and brilliant graphics to give you unparalleled performance and insight to all of your 3D EM problems. Ansoft HFSS can be used to calculate parameters such as SParameters, Resonant Frequency, and Fields. Typical uses include: Package Modeling – BGA, QFP, Flip-Chip PCB Board Modeling – Power/Ground planes, Mesh Grid Grounds, Backplanes Silicon/GaAs - Spiral Inductors, Transformers EMC/EMI – Shield Enclosures, Coupling, Near- or Far-Field Radiation Antennas/Mobile Communications – Patches, Dipoles, Horns, Conformal Cell Phone Antennas, Quadrafilar Helix, Specific Absorption Rate(SAR), Infinite Arrays, Radar Cross Section(RCS), Frequency Selective Surfaces(FSS) Connectors – Coax, SFP/XFP, Backplane, Transitions Waveguide – Filters, Resonators, Transitions, Couplers Filters – Cavity Filters, Microstrip, Dielectric HFSS is an interactive simulation system whose basic mesh element is a tetrahedron. This allows you to solve any arbitrary 3D geometry, especially those with complex curves and shapes, in a fraction of the time it would take using other techniques. The name HFSS stands for High Frequency Structure Simulator. Ansoft pioneered the use of the Finite Element Method(FEM) for EM simulation by developing/implementing technologies such as tangential vector finite elements, adaptive meshing, and Adaptive Lanczos-Pade Sweep(ALPS). Today, HFSS continues to lead the industry with innovations such as Modes-to-Nodes and FullWave Spice™. Ansoft HFSS has evolved over a period of years with input from many users and industries. In industry, Ansoft HFSS is the tool of choice for high-productivity research, development, and virtual prototyping.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

3

Installing the Ansoft HFSS Software
System Requirements
For up-to-date information, refer to the HFSS Installation Guide

Installing the Ansoft HFSS Software
For up-to-date information, refer to the HFSS Installation Guide

Starting Ansoft HFSS
1.

2.

Click the Microsoft Start button, select Programs, and select the Ansoft, HFSS 11 Programs program group. Click HFSS 11 11. Or Double click on the HFSS 11 icon on the Windows Desktop

NOTE: NOTE You should make backup copies of all HFSS projects created with a previous version of the software before opening them in HFSS v11

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

4

Converting Older Files
Converting Older HFSS file to HFSS v11
Because of changes to the HFSS files with the development of HFSS v11, opening a HFSS document from an earlier release may take more time than you are used to experiencing. However, once the file has been opened and saved, subsequent opening time will return to normal Ansoft HFSS v11 provides a way for you to automatically convert your HFSS projects from an earlier version to the HFSS v11 format. To access HFSS projects in an earlier version. v11, From HFSS v11 1. Select the menu item File > Open 2. Open dialog 1. Files of Type: Ansoft HFSS Project Files (.hfss) (.hfss hfss) 2. Browse to the existing project and select the .hfss file 3. Click the Open button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5

Getting Help
Getting Help
If you have any questions while you are using Ansoft HFSS you can find answers in several ways: Ansoft HFSS Online Help provides assistance while you are working. To get help about a specific, active dialog box, click the Help button in the dialog box or press the F1 key. Select the menu item Help > Contents to access the online help system. Tooltips Tooltip are available to provide information about tools on the toolbars or dialog boxes. When you hold the pointer over a tool for a brief time, a tooltip appears to display the name of the tool. As you move the pointer over a tool or click a menu item, the Status Bar at the bottom of the Ansoft HFSS window provides a brief description of the function of the tool or menu item. The Ansoft HFSS Getting Started guide provides detailed information about using HFSS to create and solve 3D EM projects. Ansoft Technical Support To contact Ansoft technical support staff in your geographical area, please log on to the Ansoft corporate website, www.ansoft.com and select Contact Contact. Your Ansoft sales engineer may also be contacted in order to obtain this information.

Visiting the Ansoft Web Site
If your computer is connected to the Internet, you can visit the Ansoft Web site to learn more about the Ansoft company and products. From the Ansoft Desktop Select the menu item Help > Ansoft Corporate Website to access the Online Technical Support (OTS) system. From your Internet browser Visit www.ansoft.com

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

6

Getting Help
For Technical Support
The following link will direct you to the Ansoft Support Page. The Ansoft Support Pages provide additional documentation, training, and application notes. Web Site: http://www.ansoft.com/support.cfm Technical Support: 9-4 EST: Pittsburgh, PA (412) 261-3200 x0 – Ask for Technical Support Burlington, MA (781) 229-8900 x0 – Ask for Technical Support 9-4 PST: San Jose, CA (408) 261-9095 x0 – Ask for Technical Support Portland, OR (503) 906-7944 Irvine, CA (714) 417-9311 x6

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

7

WebUpdate
WebUpdate
This feature allows you to update any existing Ansoft software from the WebUpdate window. This feature automatically scans your system to find any Ansoft software, and then allows you to download any updates if they are available.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8

Ansoft Terms
Ansoft Terms
The Ansoft HFSS window has several optional panels: A Project Manager which contains a design tree which lists the structure of the project. A Message Manager that allows you to view any errors or warnings that occur before you begin a simulation. A Property Window that displays and allows you to change model parameters or attributes. A Progress Window that displays solution progress. A 3D Modeler Window which contains the model and model tree for the active design. For more information about the3D Modeler Window, see chapter 1.
Menu bar Toolbars

3D Modeler Window Project Manager with project tree

Message Manager

Progress Window

Status bar Coordinate Entry Fields

Property Window

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

9

Ansoft Terms
Project Manager

Project Manager Window

Project Design

Design Setup

Design Automation
•Parametric •Optimization •Sensitivity •Statistical

Design Results

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

10

Ansoft Terms
Property Window
Property Window

Property table

Property buttons

Property tabs

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

11

Ansoft Terms Ansoft 3D Modeler 3D Modeler Window Graphics area Model 3D Modeler design tree Context menu Vertex Edge Coordinate System (CS) Plane Origin Face Model Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 12 .

Ansoft Terms 3D Modeler Design Tree Material Object Object Command History Grouped by Material Object View Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 13 .

If the icon is not visible. you can have multiple views of the same design visible at the same time. and resize them by dragging a corner or border. Also. each project can have multiple designs and each design is displayed in a separate window. Click the Iconize ** symbol in the upper right corner of the document border. you can iconize open designs. Iconize Symbol Design icons Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 14 . To organize your Ansoft HFSS window. you can drag them by the title bar. Select the menu item Window > Close All to close all open design.Design Windows Design Windows In the Ansoft HFSS Desktop. Also. it may be behind another open document. you can select one of the following menu options: Window >Cascade. Select the menu item Window > Arrange Icons to arrange them at the bottom of the Ansoft HFSS window. or Window > Tile Horizontally. To arrange the windows. You can have multiple projects and design windows open at the same time. An icon appears in the lower part of the Ansoft HFSS window. Window >Tile Vertically. Resize any open documents as necessary. You are prompted to Save unsaved designs.

A list of all the toolbars is displayed. other toolbars display automatically when you select a document of the related type. You can customize your toolbar display in a way that is convenient for you. To display or hide individual toolbars: Right-click the Ansoft HFSS window frame. when you select a 2D report from the project tree. panels Toolbars Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 15 . Most of the available toolbars are displayed in this illustration of the Ansoft HFSS initial screen. but your Ansoft HFSS window probably will not be arranged this way.Toolbars Toolbars The toolbar buttons are shortcuts for frequently used commands. For example. Click the toolbar name to turn its display on or off To make changes to the toolbars. Some toolbars are always displayed. The toolbars with a check mark beside them are visible. See Customize and Arrange Toolbars on the Ansoft HFSS next page. select the menu item Tools > Customize. the 2D report toolbar displays. the toolbars without a check mark are hidden.

Click the Close button when you are finished Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 16 . Select an item from the Category list 3. Select an item from the Component pull-down list 2. From the Toolbar list. toggle the check boxes to control the visibility of the toolbars 2. In the Customize dialog. Click the Close button when you are finished Toggle the visibility of toolbars 1.Toolbars Customize and Arrange Toolbars To customize toolbars: Select the menu item Tools > Customize. Using the mouse click on the Buttons to display the Description 4. you can do the following: View a Description of the toolbar commands 1. or right-click the Ansoft HFSS window frame and click Customize at the bottom of the toolbar list.

boundaries and excitations 2. Analysis Solution Setup Frequency Sweep Analyze Mesh Refinement Solve 3.2.Overview Ansoft HFSS Desktop The Ansoft HFSS Desktop provides an intuitive. Excitations 4. easy-to-use interface for developing passive RF device models. Results – creating 2D reports and field plots 4. Solve Loop . involves the following: 1. Design Solution Type 1. Results 2D Reports Fields NO Converged 4. Parametric Model Generation – creating the geometry. Analysis Setup – defining solution setup and frequency sweeps 3.1.the solution process is fully automated To understand how these processes co-exist. Parametric Model Geometry/Materials 1. examine the illustration shown below. Creating designs.1 Mesh Operations 2. Boundaries 1. Solve Loop YES Update Finished 17 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide .

following: To open a project from Windows Explorer. Opening a New project To open a new project: 1. In an Ansoft HFSS window. Right-click the name of the project in Windows Explorer and select Open from the shortcut menu. do one of the following: Double-click on the name of the project in Windows Explorer. Use the Open dialog to select the project.Opening a Design Opening a HFSS project This section describes how to open a new or existing project. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 18 . Opening an Existing HFSS project To open an existing project: 1. Click Open to open the project Opening an Existing Project from Explorer You can open a project directly from the Microsoft Windows Explorer. select the menu item File > New. 2. In an Ansoft HFSS window. select the menu File > Open. 2. Select the menu Project > Insert HFSS Design.

Choose one of the following: 1. and the convergence. The Eigenmode solver finds the resonant frequencies of the structure and the fields at those resonant frequencies. Driven Terminal . The Solution Type defines the type of results. how the excitations are defined. of a structure. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 19 . Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. Eignemode – calculate the eigenmodes.Delta F To set the solution type: 1. Eigenmode . Driven Terminal – Delta S for the single-ended or differential nodal SParameters. Eigenmode 2.calculates the modal-based S-parameters. This was the only convergence method available for Driven Solutions in previous versions. The following Solution Types are available: 1. The S-matrix solutions will be expressed in terms of terminal voltages and currents.Set Solution Type Set Solution Type This section describes how to set the Solution Type. Driven Modal 2. The S-matrix solutions will be expressed in terms of the incident and reflected powers of waveguide modes.calculates the terminal-based S-parameters of multiconductor transmission line ports. 2. or resonances. Convergence Driven Modal – Delta S for modal S-Parameters. Driven Modal . Solution Type Window: 1. 3. Driven Terminal 3.

.

3 – Probe Feed Patch 5.0 Chapter 5.4 – Slot Coupled Patch 5.2 – Circular Waveguide Horn 5.Chapter 5.0 – Antenna Examples 5.5 – Endfire Array Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 1 .1 – UHF Probe 5.

1-1 . Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment.5. and analyze a UHF probe.1 Example – UHF Probe The Ultra-High Frequency (UHF) Probe This example is intended to show you how to create. simulate.

5.1 Example – UHF Probe Ansoft HFSS Design Environment The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Cylinders. Boxes Boolean Operations: Unite.1-2 . Subtract Boundaries/Excitations Ports: Wave Ports Analysis Sweep: Fast Frequency Results Cartesian plotting Field Overlays: 3D Far Field Plots Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.

and select the Ansoft. HFSS Options Window: 1.5. 4. Modeler Options Window: 1. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2. click the Microsoft Start button. Click the OK button 3. Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example.1 Example – UHF Probe Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1.1-3 . Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. Click HFSS 11. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data input when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2. To access Ansoft HFSS. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. verify that the following tool options are set : 1. select Programs. HFSS 11 program group. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.

2. In an Ansoft HFSS window. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. click the On the Standard toolbar. or select the menu item File > New. Solution Type Window: 1. select Insert HFSS Design. From the Project menu. Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1.1-4 .1 Example – UHF Probe Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1. Choose Driven Terminal 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.5.

Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Select Units: in (inches) 2. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2. Set Model Units: 1. Type copper in the Search by Name field 2. choose Select 2.1-5 . Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.5. Select Definition Window: 1.1 Example – UHF Probe Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1.

1 Example – UHF Probe Creating Annular Rings Creating a ring is accomplished by creating a cylinder that represents the outer radius and a cylinder that represents the inner radius. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.5. enter the height: dX: 0.0. copy it. and edit the dimensions of the copy. dY: 0. Press the Enter key 4. Y: 0. dY: 0. For this model.0.0. Z: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: 0. Create Ring 1 1. the resulting geometry is a ring. By performing a Boolean subtraction. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the radius: dX: 0.0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.1-6 . Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Instead of manually creating both rings. enter the cylinder position X: 0. we will create one ring. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.0. dZ: 5.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.31.0. two sets of rings are necessary. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. 2. For the Value of Name type: ring_inner 3. Press the Enter key 3.

0. dY: 0. 1. Select the objects named: ring_1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. dY: 0. 2.37.0. Press the Enter key 4. Press the Enter key 3. Select the menu item Modeler > Boolean > Subtract 2. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0. enter the cylinder position X: 0. enter the height: dX: 0.1-7 . Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. enter the radius: dX: 0. For the Value of Name type: ring_1 3. dZ: 5. Y: 0.0. ring_inner 2.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the OK button To subtract: 1.5.1 Example – UHF Probe Creating Annular Rings (Continued) Create Ring 1 (Continued) 1. dZ: 0.0. Subtract Window Blank Parts: ring_1 Tool Parts: ring_inner Clone tool objects before subtract: Unchecked Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Select Object Dialog.0. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Z: 0. Click the OK button To select objects to be subtracted: 1.

If you make the inner radius > then the outer radius.5 in 2. Using the mouse. Click the OK button 4. Change the radius to: 0. Click the OK button 3. Select Object Dialog. Select the menu item Edit > Copy 4. Select the menu item Edit > Paste Change the dimensions of Ring 2 1.5.1-8 . double click the left mouse button on the CreateCylinder command for ring_2 3. expand the model tree as shown below.1 Example – UHF Probe Creating Annular Rings (Continued) Create Ring 2 1. To change the dimensions of ring_2. a invalid object will result and it will be removed from the model. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Properties dialog 1. 1. Using the mouse. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. It should be noted that order of the editing is important. Properties dialog 1.435 in 2. double click the left mouse button on the CreateCylinder command for the ring_inner1 5. Select the objects named: ring_1 2. 2. Change the radius to: 0.

1 Example – UHF Probe Create Arm_1 To create Arm_1 1.0. Press the Enter key 3. Y: -0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.31. Group Conductors To group the conductors: 1.2. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible.065. Select the menu item. Or press the CTRL+A key 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. Or press the CTRL+D key. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. enter the box position X: -0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. 2. dZ: -0.69. For the Value of Name type: Arm_1 3. dY: -4.5. Z: 5. Modeler > Boolean > Unite Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.1-9 .1. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 0.

Using the coordinate entry fields.1 Example – UHF Probe Create the Center pin To create the center pin 1. Press the Enter key 3. 2. dZ: 5.0. dY: 0.0.5.1.0. For the Value of Name type: center_pin 3. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. enter the height: dX: 0.0. enter the cylinder position X: 0. Y: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. enter the radius: dX: 0.0. dY: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.0.1. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Z: 0.1-10 . dZ: 0. Press the Enter key 4.

0. 2.065. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 0. Y: 0.1-11 . Press the Enter key 3. Z: 5.1 Example – UHF Probe Create Arm_2 To create Arm_2 1.1. enter the box position X: -0.5. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. dY: 5. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Using the coordinate entry fields.1. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.2. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: Arm_2 3. dZ: -0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.0.

0. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. enter the radius: dX: 0. enter the cylinder position X: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the objects named: Arm_2. Click the OK button 3. Y: 1.0.0.1 Example – UHF Probe Create the Grounding Pin To create the grounding pin 1. dZ: 0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. dY: 0. center_pin. dZ: 5. enter the height: dX: 0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. dY: 0.0. Select Object Dialog. 1.0625. pin Note: Use the Ctrl + Left mouse button to select multiple objects 2.1. Press the Enter key 4. Z: 0. Click the OK button Group Conductors To group the conductors: 1.5. Modeler > Boolean > Unite Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0. Press the Enter key 3. Select the menu item.1-12 .0. For the Value of Name type: pin 3.0. 2. Using the coordinate entry fields.

Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2.0.31.0.0. enter the radius of the circle: dX: 0. dY: 0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Y: 0.0. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Press the Enter key 3. Select the menu item Draw > Circle 2. Using the coordinate entry fields.1 Example – UHF Probe Create the Wave port To create a circle that represents the port: 1.5. Z: 0. dZ: 0.1-13 . For the Value of Name type: p1 3.0. enter the center position X: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields.

go to the menu item HFSS > Boundaries >Assign> Radiation 4.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. select all of the faces of the Air vacuum object except the face on the XY plane. 2. Create Radiation Boundary To create a radiation boundary 1. Radiation Boundary window 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. choose vacuum Create Air To create Air 1.0. enter the box position X: -5. Y: -10. While holding the CTRL key. Using the coordinate entry fields. 3. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.5.0. Once the 5 faces are selected. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces 2. Use the rotate button in between selections to access the back side faces.0. For the Value of Name type: Air 3. Name: Rad1 2.1-14 . dY: 20. dZ: 12.0. Press the Enter key 3. Z: 0. Set the Display Wireframe option to Checked 4. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.0. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 10.1 Example – UHF Probe Set Default Material To set the default material: Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.

Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.1-15 .1 Example – UHF Probe Create Wave Port Excitation 1 (Continued) To select the object p1: 1. Double click on the terminal named Arm_2_T1 5. Select the objects named: p1 2. Rename the port to p1 3. Place Arm_2 in the Conducting Object list and ring_1 in the Reference Conductor list 3. Click the OK button Rename the Wave Port and Terminal 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Click the OK button 4. Select Object Dialog. 2. Double click on WavePort1 under Excitations in the project tree.5. Click the OK button To assign wave port excitation 1. Rename the terminal to T1 6. 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port 2.

Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces 2. Use Material: Checked 3. Click the OK button 5. Far Field Radiation Sphere Setup dialog 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Radiation > Insert Far Field Setup > Infinite Sphere 2. Name: ff_2d 2. Theta: (Start: -180. Infinite Ground Plane: Checked 6. Step Size: 90) 3. Click the vacuum button 4.1-16 . Click the OK button Create a Radiation Setup To define the radiation setup 1. Graphically select the face of the Air object at Z=0 3.5. Type copper in the Search by Name field 2. Stop: 90. Stop: 180. Step Size: 2) 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign> Finite Conductivity 4. Infinite Sphere Tab 1. Finite Conductivity Boundary window 1. Phi: (Start: 0.1 Example – UHF Probe Create Infinite Ground Plane To create an Infinite ground 1. Name: gnd_plane 2. Select Definition Window: 1.

To obtain accurate far fields for antenna problems.55GHz) Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. To create a length based seed on the radiation boundary: Select the Air object by left clicking it in the drawing window While the Air object is selected.5in (this is about λ/6 at 0.5.1-17 . move the mouse to the project tree and right click on Mesh Operations > Assign > On Selection > Length Based Name: LengthOnRadiation Maximum Length of Elements: 3.1 Example – UHF Probe Add Length Based Mesh Operation to the Radiation Boundary Far fields are calculated by integrating the fields on the radiation surface. the integration surface should be forced to have a λ/6 to λ/8 maximum tetrahedra length.

Click the OK button 2.35GHz Stop: 0.55 GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 10 Maximum Delta S per Pass: 0. Solution Setup Window: 1.5. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Frequency Setup Type: Linear Count Start: 0. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Frequency Sweep 1.1 Example – UHF Probe Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Click the Options tab: Enable Iterative Solver: Checked 3. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 0.75GHz Count: 401 Save Fields: Checked 3. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2. Edit Sweep Window: 1.02 2. Sweep Type: Fast 2. Maximum Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1.1-18 .

select the menu item File > Save As. type the Filename: hfss_uhf_probe 3. Click the Save button Model Validation To validate the model: 1. use the Message Manager. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. 2. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages.5.1-19 . In an Ansoft HFSS window. From the Save As window. Analyze To start the solution process: 1.1 Example – UHF Probe Save Project To save the project: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.

Last Adaptive To view the Mesh Statistics: 1. To view the Convergence: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. To view the Matrix Data: 1.1-20 .5.1 Example – UHF Probe Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. Click the Profile Tab. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data. set the Simulation to Setup1. 2. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table. Click the Mesh Statistics Tab.

Click the OK button 2. Click the Close button Change the x-axis label settings: 1. Click the New Report button 7.1-21 . Function: dB 6.1 Example – UHF Probe Create Reports Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot . Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Quantity: St(T1. Change the Number Format from Auto to Decimal 3.T1) 5. Category: Terminal S Parameter 4. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.Magnitude To create a report: 1. Domain: Sweep 3. Change the Field Precision from 2 to 0 4. Double click on the numbers on the plot’s x-axis to bring up the properties window 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot Traces Window: 1.5.

Click the New Report button 5.1 Example – UHF Probe Far Field Overlays Create Far Field Overlay To create a 2D polar far field plot : 1.1-22 . Solution: Setup1: LastAdaptive 2. Traces Window: 1.5. Geometry: ff_2d 3. Function: dB 4. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Far Fields Report > Radiation Pattern 2. In the Trace tab 1. Quantity: GainTotal 3. Category: Gain 2.

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Dual Mode Conical Horn
This example is intended to show you how to create, simulate, and analyze a waveguide horn antenna using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-1

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Ansoft HFSS Design Environment
The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model: 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Cylinders Boolean: Union, Subtract, Connect Boundaries/Excitations Excitations: Wave Ports Boundaries: Radiation Results Plotting: Radiation Pattern

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-2

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Design Review
Port Size/Type Since the port is external to the model we could use a Wave Port. The size of the port is determined by the physical dimensions of the waveguide. Because the waveguide is circular, we must Polarize the EField for the port definition. Free Space Since we are evaluating a radiating structure, we need to create a free space environment for the device to operate in. This can be achieved by using the Radiation Boundary condition or a Perfectly Matched Layer (PML). We will use a Radiation Boundary since the surface will be cylindrical. The Radiation Boundary needs to be placed at least λ/4 from radiating devices. For our example we will assume that ~λ/4 (0.6in)

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-3

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Getting Started
Launching Ansoft HFSS
1.

To access Ansoft HFSS, click the Microsoft Start button, select Programs, and select the Ansoft, HFSS 11 program group. Click HFSS 11

Setting Tool Options
To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example, verify that the following tool options are set : 1. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2. HFSS Options Window: 1. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2. Click the OK button 3. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. 4. 3D Modeler Options Window: 1. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-4

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Opening a New Project
To open a new project: 1. In the Ansoft HFSS desktop, a new project is automatically inserted. 2. When a new project is automatically opened, a new HFSS Design is also automatically inserted into the project.

Set Solution Type
To set the solution type: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. Solution Type Window: 1. Choose Driven Modal 2. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-5

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Creating the 3D Model
Set Model Units
To set the units: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2. Set Model Units: 1. Select Units: in 2. Click the OK button

Set Default Material
To set the default material: Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar, choose vacuum

Create Circular Waveguide
Create waveguide 1. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the cylinder position X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0 Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the radius: dX: 0.838, dY: 0.0, dZ: 0.0 Press the Enter key 4. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the height: dX: 0.0, dY: 0.0, dZ: 3.0 Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2. For the Value of Name type: Waveguide 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Or press the CTRL+D key

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-6

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Create Offset Coordinate System
Create CS 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative CS >

Offset
2.

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the origin X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 3.0 Press the Enter key

Create Transition Region
Create waveguide transition 1. Select the menu item Draw > Cone 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the center position X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0 Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the lower radius: dX: 0.838, dY: 0.0, dZ: 0.0 Press the Enter key 4. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the upper radius: dX: 0.709, dY: 0.0, dZ: 0.0 Press the Enter key 5. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the height: dX: 0.0, dY: 0.0, dZ: 1.227 Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2. For the Value of Name type: Taper 3. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-7

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Create Offset Coordinate System
Create CS 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative

CS > Offset
2.

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the origin X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 1.227 Press the Enter key

Create the Throat
Create Throat 1. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the cylinder position X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0 Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the radius: dX: 1.547, dY: 0.0, dZ: 0.0 Press the Enter key 4. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the height: dX: 0.0, dY: 0.0, dZ: 3.236 Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2. For the Value of Name type: Throat 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-8

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Group Objects
To group the objects: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. Or press the CTRL+A key 2. Select the menu item, Modeler > Boolean > Unite

Rename group
To rename the group of objects: 1. From the Model tree, select the only object shown 2. Click the Properties button 1. For the Value of Name type: Horn_Air 2. Click the OK button 3. Click the Done button

Set Working Coordinate System
To set the working coordinate system: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Set Working CS 2. Select Coordinate System Window, 1. From the list, select the CS: Global 2. Click the Select button

Set Default Material
To set the default material: 1. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar, choose Select 2. Select Definition Window: 1. Type pec in the Search by Name field 2. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-9

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Create the Horn Wall
Create horn 1. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the cylinder position X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0 Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the radius: dX: 1.647, dY: 0.0, dZ: 0.0 Press the Enter key 4. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the height: dX: 0.0, dY: 0.0, dZ: 7.463 Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2. For the Value of Name type: Horn 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.

Complete the Horn
To select the object Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. Or press the CTRL+A key To complete the horn: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Boolean > Subtract 2. Subtract Window Blank Parts: Horn Tool Parts: Horn_Air Clone tool objects before subtract: Unchecked Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-10

5.2
Example – Conical Horn
Set Default Material
To set the default material: Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar, choose vacuum

Create Air
Create Air 1. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the cylinder position X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0 Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the radius: dX: 2.2, dY: 0.0, dZ: 0.0 Press the Enter key 4. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the height: dX: 0.0, dY: 0.0, dZ: 8.2 Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2. For the Value of Name type: Air 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.

Create Radiation Boundary
To create a radiation boundary 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select Object Dialog, 1. Select the objects named: Air 2. Click the OK button 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign> Radiation 4. Radiation Boundary window 1. Name: Rad1 2. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

5.2-11

5.0. Click the OK button To select the object p1: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. dZ: 0.0 Press the Enter key 3. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.2-12 . Select the objects named: p1 2. dY: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the radius of the circle: dX: 0. Select Object Dialog. For the Value of Name type: p1 3.0.838. 2. 1.2 Example – Conical Horn Create the Wave port To create a circle that represents the port: 1. enter the center position X: 0. Z: 0.0 Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Y: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Circle 2.

Click the Next button 3.676. Number of Modes: 2 2. dZ: 0. Wave Port : Modes 1.0. enter the vertex dX: 1. click the None column and select New Line 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port 2. Name: p1 2. Z: 0.0 Press the Enter key 5.838.2 Example – Conical Horn Create Wave Port Excitation 1 (Continued) To assign wave port excitation 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.5.0.2-13 . Y: 0. enter the vector position X: -0. Click the Finish button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Wave Port : Post Processing 5. dY: 0. For Mode 1. Click the Next button 4.0 Press the Enter key 4. Wave Port : General 1. Polarize E Field: Checked 6. Using the coordinate entry fields.

0. Stop: 180. Coordinate System Tab 1. Theta: (Start: -180. Step Size: 90) 3.463 Press the Enter key Create a Radiation Setup To define the radiation setup 1. Choose RelativeCS3 2. enter the origin X: 0. Phi: (Start: 0. Select Use local coordinate system 2. Y: 0. Stop: 90. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.5. Name: ff_2d 2. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative CS > Offset 2. Far Field Radiation Sphere Setup dialog Infinite Sphere Tab 1.2 Example – Conical Horn Create Offset Coordinate System Create CS 1. Step Size: 2) 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Radiation > Insert Far Field Setup > Infinite Sphere 2. Z: 7.2-14 .

02 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2.2-15 . select the menu item File > Save As. type the Filename: hfss_chorn 3.5. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages. From the Save As window. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Analyze To start the solution process: 1.2 Example – Conical Horn Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Click the OK button Save Project To save the project: 1. In an Ansoft HFSS window. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 5. Solution Setup Window: 1. 2.0 GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 10 Maximum Delta S per Pass: 0. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. use the Message Manager.

Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.5. Click the Profile Tab. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data.2-16 .2 Example – Conical Horn Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. To view the Convergence: 1. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data. To view the Matrix Data: 1. set the Simulation to Setup1. Last Adaptive 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1.

Solution: Setup1: LastAdaptive 2. Category: Gain 4. OffsetPhase: 90 3. Click the OK button Create Far Field Overlay To create a 2D polar far field plot : 1.2 Example – Conical Horn Far Field Overlays Edit Sources To Modify a Terminal excitation: 1. Quantity: GainLHCP. Source: p1:m2 1. Source: p1:m1 1. Edit Sources window 1. Function: dB 6. Offset: 0 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Edit Sources 2. Scaling Factor: 1 2. Traces Window: 1. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. GainRHCP 5. Scaling Factor: 1 2. Click the New Report button 7.2-17 . Geometry: ff_2d 3.5. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Far Fields Report > Radiation Pattern 2.

2-18 .2 Example – Conical Horn Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.5.

5.32cm Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. simulate.3-1 .3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna The Probe Feed Patch Antenna This example is intended to show you how to create. Patch (Signal) Sub1 (Dielectric) Infinite Ground 0. and analyze a probe feed patch antenna using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment.

4. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2. To access Ansoft HFSS. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Click the OK button 3. 3D Modeler Options Window: 1.5. HFSS Options Window: 1. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. select Programs. and select the Ansoft > HFSS 11 program group. verify that the following tool options are set : 1. Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. click the Microsoft Start button. Click HFSS 11.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1.3-2 . Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2.

Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1. Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. From the Project menu. or select the menu item File > New. Choose Driven Terminal 2. select Insert HFSS Design.3-3 . In an Ansoft HFSS window.5. 2. click the On the Standard toolbar. Solution Type Window: 1.

choose Select 2. Select Definition Window: 1. Type Rogers RT/duroid 5880 (tm) in the Search by Name field 2. Select Units: cm 2.5.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2. Set Model Units: 1.3-4 . Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.

enter the box position X: -5. dY: 9.0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. For the Value of Name type: Sub1 3. dZ: 0.0.5.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Create Substrate To create the substrate: 1. 2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Press the Enter key 2.3-5 . Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.5. Y: -4.0.32. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the opposite corner of the box dX: 10. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Z: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2.

3-6 . Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the OK button To assign the Perfect E boundary 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Perfect E 2. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle: dX: 10.0.5. Press the Enter key 3. Select the objects named: Inf_GND 2. For the Value of Name type: Inf_GND 3. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.5. Assign a Perfect E boundary to the Infinite Ground To select the trace: 1. 1. dZ: 0. Select Object Dialog. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Perfect E Boundary window 1. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Z: 0. Y: -4. enter the rectangle position X: -5. Infinite Ground Plane: Checked 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.0.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Create Infinite Ground To create the infinite ground: 1.0. 2. dY: 9. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2.0. Name: PerfE_Inf_GND 2.

Y: 0.5.0. Select the menu item Modeler > Boolean > Subtract 2. enter the radius: dX: 0. Subtract Window Blank Parts: Inf_GnD Tool Parts: Cut_Out Clone tool objects before subtract: Unchecked Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. 2. Cut_Out 2. enter the center position X: -0.3-7 .3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Create Infinite Ground Cut Out To create the cut out: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Z: 0. 1. Select Object Dialog. For the Value of Name type: Cut_Out 3. Press the Enter key 3. dZ: 0.0.16.0. Select the menu item Draw > Circle 2. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View Complete the Infinite Ground To select the objects Inf_GND & Cut_Out: 1. Click the OK button To complete the ring: 1.5. Select the objects named: Inf_GND. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. dY: 0.

Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Perfect E 2. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle: dX: 4. Using the coordinate entry fields.32. 1. Assign a Perfect E boundary to the Trace To select the trace: 1.3-8 . Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.5. For the Value of Name type: Patch 3.0. 2. Z: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. dZ: 0.5. enter the rectangle position X: -2. Name: PerfE_Patch 2. Select Object Dialog.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. dY: 3.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Create Patch To create the patch: 1. Press the Enter key 3. Click the OK button To assign the Perfect E boundary 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Perfect E Boundary window 1.0. Select the objects named: Patch 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: -1.

5 Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. dY: 0. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. dY: 0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.5. dZ: -0.0 Press the Enter key 3. dZ: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2.0 Press the Enter key 4.3-9 . enter the radius: dX: 0.5. 2.16. enter the height: dX: 0.0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Z: 0. For the Value of Name type: Coax 3.0. enter the cylinder position X: -0. choose vacuum Create the Coax To create the coax: 1. Y: 0.

Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2.0 Press the Enter key 4. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the cylinder position X: -0. Click the OK button Create the Coax Pin To create the coax pin: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.5. enter the height: dX: 0. dY: 0.07. 2.5. choose Select 2.0 Press the Enter key 3. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.3-10 . dZ: 0. dY: 0. Select Definition Window: 1. Y: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.5 Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Type pec in the Search by Name field 2.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.0. For the Value of Name type: Coax_Pin 3.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. enter the radius: dX: 0. dZ: -0.0. Z: 0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.

dY: 0. Click OK Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Select Object Dialog.0 Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Y: 0.5.3-11 . enter the radius of the circle: dX: 0. For the Value of Name type: Port1 3. Click the OK button To select the object Port1: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port 2.0.5 Press the Enter key 3. In the pop up Reference Conductors for Terminals window. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the objects named: Port1 2.16. Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the OK button To assign wave port excitation 1. 1. Z: -0. Select the menu item Draw > Circle 2. enter the center position X: -0. 2.0.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Create the Wave port To create a circle that represents the port: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. leave Pin in Conducting Objects. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.5. dZ: 0.

dY: 0.5. dZ: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.07. dY: 0. 2. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.3-12 . Z: 0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: 0.32 Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0 Press the Enter key 3.0 Press the Enter key 4.0. For the Value of Name type: Probe 3. enter the height: dX: 0.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Create the Probe To create the probe: 1. Y: 0.0.0.5. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the cylinder position X: -0.0. enter the radius: dX: 0.

Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. choose vacuum Create Air To create the air: 1.3-13 . enter the box position X: -5. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0. dY: 9.32. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: -4.0. enter the opposite corner of the box dX: 10. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. dZ: 3.5. For the Value of Name type: Air 3.5. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Z: 0. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.0. 2.0. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Press the Enter key 2.

5. Name: Rad1 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign> Radiation 2. Name: ff_2d 2. Graphically select all of the faces of the Air object except the face at Z=0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces 2. Stop: 90. Step Size: 2) 2. Theta: (Start: -180. Radiation Boundary window 1.3-14 .0cm To create a radiation boundary 1. Far Field Radiation Sphere Setup dialog 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Phi: (Start: 0. Step Size: 90) 3. Select the Infinite Sphere Tab 1. Stop: 180. Click the OK button Create a Radiation Setup To define the radiation setup 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Radiation > Insert Far Field Setup > Infinite Sphere 2.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Create Radiation Boundary Picking the faces: 1.

Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Edit Sweep Window: 1.5GHz Count: 201 Save Fields: Checked 3.5. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 2. Click the OK button 2. Click the Option tab: Solution Operations/ Order of Basis Functions: Second Order Enable Iterative Solver Checked 3.3-15 . Sweep Type: Fast 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Sweep 1. Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1.0GHz Stop: 3. Solution Setup Window: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Frequency Setup Type: Linear Count Start: 1.02 2.25 GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 20 Maximum Delta S per Pass: 0. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2.

Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. type the Filename: hfss_probepatch 3. use the Message Manager.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Save Project To save the project: 1. From the Save As window. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. select the menu item File > Save As.5. 2. In an Ansoft HFSS window.3-16 . Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.

Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.3-17 . To view the Matrix Data: 1. To view the Convergence: 1. set the Simulation to Setup1. Click the Profile Tab. Click the Mesh Statistics Tab 2. Last Adaptive To view the Mesh Statistics 1. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1.5. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1.

Domain: Sweep 3.Magnitude To create a report: 1.00 -20.coax_pin_T1)) -15. Select the menu item Edit > Select All 2. Select the menu item Report 2D > Marker > Add Minimum 3.3-18 . Ansoft Corporation Name X 0.00 3.00 1.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Create Reports Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot .50 3. When you are finished. Category: Terminal S Parameter 2.00 m1 2.5. Click the New Report button 4.coax_pin_T1) Function: dB 3. select the menu item Report 2D > Marker > Clear All to remove the marker.3625 Y -30. 2.8502 XY Plot 1 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info dB(St(coax_pin_T1.00 -25. Click the Trace tab 1.00 1.coax_pin_T1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 -5. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.00 -30.50 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.00 m1 -35.50 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report> Rectangular Plot Traces Window: 1.00 -10.00 Freq [GHz] 2.00 dB(St(coax_pin_T1. Quantity: St(coax_pin_T1. Click the Close button Mark all traces 1.

Function: dB 5. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.3 Example – Probe Feed Patch Antenna Far Field Overlays Create Far Field Overlay To create a 2D polar far field plot : 1. Geometry: ff_2d 3. change the frequency to 2. Click the New Report button 6.3625GHz 4. Click the Close button Ansoft Corporation Radiation Pattern 1 0 -30 4.00 60 -14. In the Families tab.5. Primary Sweep: Theta 2.00 30 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info dB(GainTotal) Setup1 : Sweep1 Phi='0deg' dB(GainTotal) Setup1 : Sweep1 Phi='90deg' -2. Category: Gain 3.00 -90 90 -120 120 -150 -180 150 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.00 -60 -8. In the Trace tab 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Far Fields Report > Radiation Pattern 2. Traces Window: 1.3-19 . Quantity: GainTotal 4.

simulate. Patch (Signal) Sub1 (Dielectric) Slot (Plane) Sub2 (Dielectric) Feed (Signal) Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 0.4 Example – Slot Patch The Slot Coupled Patch Antenna This example is intended to show you how to create.16cm 5.16cm 0.5-1 . and analyze a probe feed patch antenna using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment.5.

To access Ansoft HFSS. verify that the following tool options are set : 1.4 Example – Slot Patch Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1.5. 3D Modeler Options Window: 1. and select the Ansoft > HFSS 11 program group. select Programs. HFSS Options Window: 1. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2.5-2 . Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. Click HFSS 11 Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example. Click the OK button 3. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data input when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2. 4. click the Microsoft Start button.

Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. click the On the Standard toolbar.5. Choose Driven Terminal 2. 2. Solution Type Window: 1. In an Ansoft HFSS window. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. or select the menu item File > New. From the Project menu. Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1. select Insert HFSS Design.4 Example – Slot Patch Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1.5-3 .

Type Rogers in the Search by Name field and select the row for Rogers RT/duroid 5880 (tm) 2. Select Units: cm 2. choose Select 2.4 Example – Slot Patch Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1. Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Select Definition Window: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2.5. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.5-4 . Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Set Model Units: 1.

Using the coordinate entry fields. Change the Color to Light Gray 4. Using the coordinate entry fields. Z: 0.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.5. dZ: 0. dY: 9.4 Example – Slot Patch Create Substrate To create the substrate: 1.32. 2. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Press the Enter key 2. Change the Trasparency to 0.5. Y: -4. enter the opposite corner of the box dX: 12.6 5. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.0. enter the box position X: -7. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2.0.5-5 . Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.0. For the Value of Name type: Sub1 3.

dY: 0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: Feed 3.2475.0.0. enter the rectangle position X: -5. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2.5.0. 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.495. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Press the Enter key 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Perfect E 2. dZ: 0. Z: 0. Change the Color to Bright Blue 4. Assign a Perfect E boundary to the Feed To select the feed: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Name: PerfE_Feed 2. Select Object Dialog. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Click the OK button To assign the Perfect E boundary 1. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. 2. Infinite Ground Plane: Unchecked 3. Y: -0. Select the objects named: Feed 2.5-6 .4 Example – Slot Patch Create the Feed To create the feed: 1. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle: dX: 7. Perfect E Boundary window 1.

0. Z: 0. dZ: 0.5. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Perfect E 2. Click the OK button To assign the Perfect E boundary 1.8 5. Using the coordinate entry fields.5. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Press the Enter key 3. Change the Color to Red 4. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle: dX: 12. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Using the coordinate entry fields.4 Example – Slot Patch Create Ground To create the ground: 1. Perfect E Boundary window 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. enter the rectangle position X: -7. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Assign a Perfect E boundary to the Ground To select the ground: 1. Name: PerfE_Ground 2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Select the objects named: Ground 2. 1.0. Change the Transparency to 0. dY: 9. Infinite Ground Plane: Unchecked 3. Select Object Dialog.0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.5-7 . Y: -4.0. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. 2.16. For the Value of Name type: Ground 3.

Y: -0.5.5-8 .0775. Z: 0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. 1. dZ: 0. Press the Enter key 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. 2. Select Object Dialog. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View Complete the Ground To select the objects ground & slot 1. Subtract Window Blank Parts: Ground Tool Parts: Slot Clone tool objects before subtract: Unchecked Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.4 Example – Slot Patch Create Slot Cut Out To create the cut out: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Boolean > Subtract 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. dY: 1.155. enter the rectangle position X: -0. Select the objects named: Ground.16. For the Value of Name type: Slot 3. Click the OK button To perform the boolean subtraction: 1.7.4. Using the coordinate entry fields. Slot 2. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle: dX: 0.

Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Click the OK button To assign the Perfect E boundary 1.0. Change the Color to Orange 4. enter the rectangle position X: -2.0.5-9 . Name: PerfE_Patch 2.0. 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. 2. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. For the Value of Name type: Patch 3. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.4 Example – Slot Patch Create Patch To create the patch: 1. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle: dX: 4. Press the Enter key 3.0. dZ: 0. Z: 0. Assign a Perfect E boundary to the Trace To select the patch: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Perfect E 2. Select Object Dialog. Perfect E Boundary window 1.32. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.5. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2.4 5. Change the Transparency to 0.5. dY: 3. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the objects named: Patch 2. Y: -1.

0.4 Example – Slot Patch Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. enter the opposite corner of the box dX: 12. Y: -4.5.0. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.0. Change Display Wireframe to Checked 5.5. 2. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: 4.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.5-10 .32. Using the coordinate entry fields. Change the Color to Black 4. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. For the Value of Name type: Air 3. Z: -2. choose vacuum Create Air To create the air: 1. dY: 9. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. enter the box position X: -7. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Press the Enter key 2.

Far Field Radiation Sphere Setup dialog 1. Step Size: 90) 3.0cm To create a radiation boundary 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces 2. Graphically select all of the faces of the Air object except the face at Z=0. Select the Infinite Sphere Tab 1. Stop: 180. Step Size: 2) 2. Click the OK button Create a Radiation Setup To define the radiation setup 1.5.4 Example – Slot Patch Create Radiation Boundary Picking the faces: 1. Stop: 90. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Radiation 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.5-11 . Name: ff_2d 2. Phi: (Start: 0. Theta: (Start: -180. Name: Rad1 2. Radiation Boundary window 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Radiation > Insert Far Field Setup > Infinite Sphere 2.

Name: LengthOnRadiation 4.5-12 .5.3GHz) 5. To create a length based seed on the radiation boundary: 1. Maximum Length of Elements: 2cm (this is about λ/6 at 2. Select the Air object by left clicking it in the drawing window 2. To obtain accurate far fields for antenna problems. While the Air object is selected.4 Example – Slot Patch Add Length Based Mesh Operation to the Radiation Boundary Far fields are calculated by integrating the fields on the radiation surface. the integration surface should be forced to have a λ/6 to λ/8 maximum tetrahedra length. move the mouse to the project tree and right click on Mesh Operations > Assign > On Selection > Length Based 3. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.

0. 2. Change the Color to Bright Green 4. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. For the Value of Name type: Source 3. Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > YZ Create Source To create source: 1.16. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. enter the box position X: -5. Press the Enter key 3.5. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2.0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.4 Example – Slot Patch Set Grid Plane To set the grid plane: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. dY: 0.495. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.0. Y: -0. Z: 0. dZ: 0. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 0.5-13 .2475.

Place Feed in the Conducting Object list and Ground in the Reference Conductor list 3.5-14 . Rename the terminal to T1 6. Click the OK button Note: You can also select the object from the Model Tree To assign lumped port excitation 1. Rename the port to p1 3. Double click on the terminal named Feed_T1 5. 1.5.4 Example – Slot Patch Assign Excitation To select the object Source: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Click the OK button 4. Select Object Dialog. Click the OK button Rename the Lumped Port and Terminal 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Lumped Port 2. 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Double click on LumpPort1 under Excitations in the project tree. Select the objects named: Source 2.

4 Example – Slot Patch Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Sweep Type: Fast 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Frequency Sweep 1.25 GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 20 Maximum Delta S: 0. Click the Options tab: Enable Iterative Solver: Checked 3. Frequency Setup Type: Linear Count Start: 1.5-15 .02 2.5GHz Count: 201 Save Fields: Checked 3. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2. Solution Setup Window: 1. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 2.5. 2.0GHz Stop: 3. Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Click the OK button Edit Sweep Window: 1.

In an Ansoft HFSS window. 2.5-16 . select the menu item File > Save As. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. From the Save As window.4 Example – Slot Patch Save Project To save the project: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. use the Message Manager. type the Filename: hfss_slotpatch 3. Click the Save button Model Validation To validate the model: 1.5. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages.

2. Click the Mesh Statistics Tab. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. set the Simulation to Setup1. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data. Last Adaptive To view the Mesh Statistics: 1.4 Example – Slot Patch Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.5-17 . Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data. Click the Profile Tab. To view the Convergence: 1. To view the Matrix Data: 1.5. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table.

Traces Window: 1.4 Example – Slot Patch Create Reports Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot .T1). Select the trace by left clicking on it 2. Go to Report2D > Marker > Add Minimum Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Quantity: St(T1. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2. 5. Function: dB 6. Category: Terminal S Parameter 4. Domain: Sweep 3. Click the Close button Add a minimum marker to the trace 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.Magnitude To create a report: 1.5-18 . 3. Click the New Report button 7.5.

change the frequency to 2.4 Example – Slot Patch Far Field Overlays Create Far Field Overlay To create a 2D polar far field plot : 1.5. GainTheta 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Far Fields Report > Radiation Pattern 2. Traces Window: 1.2875GHz 4. Quantity: GainPhi. Function: dB 5. Geometry: ff_2d 3. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. In the Trace tab 1. Category: Gain 2. Click the New Report button 6. In the Families tab.5-19 .

Jan..2.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array The Endfire Waveguide Array This example is intended to show you how to create. [2] S. and analyze a Waveguide array antenna using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment A WavePort excitation will be used for the feed PMLs (Perfectly Matched Layers) will be used for the radiation load Master/Slave boundary conditions will be used to create the array Reference: [1] C. on Antennas Propagat. pp. Lee and W.W. “On the Suppression of Radiation Nulls and Broadband Impedance Matching of Rectangular Waveguide Phased Arrays”. “Antenna Theory – Analysis and Design”. Balanis. 41-51.R. 1982..7-1 . AP-19. No. 1. IEEE Trans.5.A. vol. ISBN 0-06-040458-2. simulate. Publishers. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. 1971. Jones. section 6. Inc. Harper and Row.

7-2 . Instead of modeling the entire array. select Programs. we will need a better radiation load on the top of the antenna than a simple radiation boundary condition. We will need to use a PML. click the Microsoft Start button.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Design Review 1. 2. Ansoft HFSS Design Environment The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Box Other: Perfectly Matched Layer (PML) Boundaries/Excitations Ports: Wave Ports Boundaries: Master/Slave. Since the Master/Slave boundary conditions also allow us to change the scan angle. To access Ansoft HFSS. Click HFSS 10 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.5. and select the Ansoft > HFSS 10 program group. we will make use of the master/slave boundary conditions and only model a unit cell. Impedance Analysis Sweep: None Results Cartesian plotting Field Overlays: Radiation Patterns Optimetrics Parametric sweep Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. verify that the following tool options are set : 1. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2. In an Ansoft HFSS window. 4. Select the menu item Tools > Options > 3D Modeler Options. click the On the Standard toolbar. HFSS Options Window: 1. Click the OK button 3. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3.5. select Insert HFSS Design. From the Project menu.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. or select the menu item File > New. 3D Modeler Options Window: 1.7-3 . Click the OK button Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2. 2.

Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Set Model Units: 1.7-4 . Click the OK button Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1.5. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. Choose Driven Modal 2. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. make sure that vacuum is the default material Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Solution Type Window: 1. Select Units: in 2. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Units 2.

2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.4.5. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the opposite corner of the box dX: 0. Y: 0.0. enter the box position X: 0.7-5 .7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Create Waveguide To create the waveguide: 1. dZ: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View or press the CTRL+D keys Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Press the Enter key 3.9. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. dY: 0. For the Value of Name type: waveguide 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Z: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2.

5. dZ: 1. dY: 1.0.0. enter the opposite corner of the box dX: 0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.7-6 . Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Press the Enter key 3. Z: 1.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Create Airbox To create the airbox: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: airbox 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Y: -0.05. 2. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. enter the box position X: -0.05.5.

Click the Finish button Top face selected PML added Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.5.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Create PML load To select the proper face of the airbox: 1. Select: Create PML Cover Objects on Selected Faces 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > PML Setup Wizard 2. Minimum Radiating Distance: 1in 3. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces 2. Select: PML Objects accept Free Radiation 1.7-7 . Uniform Layer Thickness: 0. Click the Next button 2. PML Setup Wizard: Cover Objects 1. Review settings on the PML Setup Wizard: Summary page 3. PML Setup Wizard: Material Parameters 1. Min Frequency: 9 GHz 2. Click the Next button 3. Graphically pick the top face of the airbox that was just created.2in 3. To assign the PML boundary 1.

45.0. Y: -0. dY: 1. enter the box position X: -0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. 1. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Grid Plane > XZ To draw the second Master/Slave rectangle: 1. Press the Enter key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. dZ: 1. Check the box next to PML_airbox1 3.0. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle dX: 0.5. Click Done Create the Master/Slave boundary objects Set Grid Plane To set the grid plane: 1. the PML wizard will turn off visibility of the PML object once it is created. dY: 0.5. Y: -0.05. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Grid Plane > YZ Draw the Master / Slave objects To draw the first Master/Slave rectangle: 1. We want to turn it back on again. enter the box position X: 0.2. Click the OK button To set the grid plane: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Z: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Make the PML object visible By default. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2.7-8 . Select the menu item View > Active View Visiblility 2. For the Value of Name type: master1 3.0. Press the Enter key 3. 2. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. dZ: 1.2. Using the coordinate entry fields.05.05. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle dX: 0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Z: 1. Press the Enter key 2.

7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Create the Master/Slave boundary objects (continued) To set the name: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Objects 2. Using the coordinate entry fields.5. Select the menu item Edit > Duplicate > Along Line 5. Z: 0. Repeat the process for master2_1 slave2 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Select the object. Y: 0. change the value to 2. For the Value of Name type: master2 3. Select Object Dialog.0> Change Slave boundary names To change the duplicated master boundary to slave boundary 1. 8. Select the objects named: master1_1 2.7-9 . master1 4. 1. Press the Enter key 6. 2. Press the OK button. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 3. When the dialog box pops up requesting the total number of copies.5. Click the OK button To duplicate the objects to create the slaves 1.1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the start position of the duplicate vector X: 0. dY: 0. Click the OK button 3. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Press the Enter key 7. dZ: 0. Repeat this process for the object master2 using a duplicate vector of <0. Select the menu Item: Edit > Properties 4. enter the end point of the duplicate vector dX: -0. Change the name to: slave1 5.

dY: 1.05. enter the start position X:-0.5. Z:1. Select Object Dialog.0. Coordinate System: U Vector: click Undefined pulldown 4.05. Click the OK button 3. enter the stop position of the vector dX:-0. dZ: 0. Name: master1 2. Press the Enter key 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key 4. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Slave 4. enter the stop position of the vector dX: 0.05.0.05. 1. For the V vector. Select the objects named: slave1 2. Name: slave1 2. 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Master 4.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Assign Master/Slave Boundaries To create a Master boundary 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields.45.5. Select the objects named: master1 2. Click the OK button 3. Z:1. enter the start position X:0. Press the Enter key To create a Slave boundary 1. Master Boundary: click on Undefined pulldown and select Master1 3. Using the coordinate entry fields. check the Reverse Direction box Repeat the process for master2 using the following points: 1.7-10 . Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.45. dY: 0.0. enter the start position X:0. Coordinate System: U Vector: click Undefined pulldown 3. Select Object Dialog. Press the Enter key 5. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Master Boundary window 1. Z:1. Y: -0. Y: -0. Y: -0. dZ: 0. Slave Boundary window 1. Press the Enter key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.

Y: 0. 1. Click the Next button 3. Slave Boundary window 1. enter a variable name theta_scan. enter the stop position of the vector dX:-0.5. enter 0 deg 2. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. For Phi. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: 0. dY: 0. enter the stop position of the vector dX: 0. and hit Enter 3. Select Object Dialog. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Slave 4. Make sure that Use Scan Angles To Calculate Phase Delay is checked 1. Z:1. dZ: 0. enter 30deg for theta_scan Repeat the process for slave2: 1. Press the Enter key 5.45. Master Boundary: click on Undefined pulldown and select Master2 3.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Assign Master / Slave Boundaries (continued) To create a Slave boundary (continued) 1.7-11 . For the Add Variable dialog. Press the Enter key 2. dY: 1. Click the OK button 3. Coordinate System: U Vector: click Undefined pulldown 4. enter the start position X:0.5. Name: slave2 2.95. For Theta.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the objects named: slave2 2. Press the Enter key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.

Resistance: 377*cos(theta_scan) 6. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the menu item: HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Impedance 4.5. Reactance: 0 Create WavePort To assign waveport to waveguide object: 1. 4. Select different FaceIDs until the bottom face of the waveguide is highlighted. Graphically pick the top face of the PML object 3.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Assign Impedance Boundary To create the impedance boundary on the PML object: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces 2. Click OK Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.7-12 . Name: TopLoad 5. Select Face dialog: Select the object waveguide from the left column 3.

7-13 .7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Create WavePort (continued) To assign waveport to waveguide object (continued): 1. Click Finish Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Wave Port: Modes 1. Click Next 4. Wave Port: Post-Processing 1.5. Click Next 5. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitation > Assign > WavePort 2. Name: p1 3.

Name: ff_all 2. Step Size: 2) 2. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 9. Solution Setup Window: 1.7-14 . Select the Infinite Sphere Tab 1. Stop: 0. Far Field Radiation Sphere Setup dialog 1.0001 2. Step Size: 10) 3. Phi: (Start: 0. Theta: (Start: 0. Click the OK button Create a Radiation Setup To define the radiation setup 1.5. Stop: 360.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1.25 GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 5 Maximum Delta S: 0. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Select the menu item HFSS > Radiation > Insert Far Field Setup > Infinite Sphere 2.

7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Save Project To save the project: 1.7-15 . Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. From the Save As window. 2. select the menu item File > Save As. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. type the Filename: hfss_pmlarray 3. Analyze To start the solution process: 1.5. In an Ansoft HFSS window. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages. use the Message Manager. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2.

Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data. Click the Close button when done viewing or simulation complete.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table. Click the Profile Tab. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data. To view the Matrix Data: 1. 2. To view the Convergence: 1. Last Adaptive during solution.7-16 . set the Simulation to Setup1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1.5.

In the Sweeps tab: 1. Quantity: DirTotal 3. Select Phi under the Name column.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Far Field Plots Create Far Field Plot To create a 2D polar far field plot : 1. Display Type: Radiation Pattern 3. Click the Done button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.7-17 .5. In the Mag tab 1. Solution: Setup1: LastAdaptive 2. 4. This changes the primary sweep to Theta. Category: Directivity 2. Geometry: ff_all 3. select Theta. Create Report Window: 1. Function: dB 4. Click the OK button 3. and on the drop list. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Report 2. Traces Window: 1. Click the Add Trace button 5. Report Type: Far Fields 2.

Y: 1. Directions: V Vector X:0. Select the radio button for Regular Array Setup 3.7-18 . Distance Between Cells U Direction: 0. Z:0 7. Z:0 in 5.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Add Array Factor to Plot To setup array factor: 1. Number of Cells U Direction: 25 V Direction 25 9. Switch to the Regular Array tab 4. Scan Definition: Use Scan Angles Theta: theta_scan Phi: 0 deg Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Y: 0. Z:0 6.5 in V Direction 1 in 8. Directions: U vector X:1. Select the menu item HFSS > Radiation > Antenna Array Setup 2.5. Y: 0 in. First Cell Position: X:0in.

5.7-19 .7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Add Array Factor to Plot (continued) Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.

Add/Edit Sweep Dialog 1. 2. Expand the Project Tree to display the items listed under Optimetrics 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Optimetrics Analysis > Optimetrics Results 2. Click the Sweep Definitions tab: 1. Right-click the mouse on ParametricSetup1 and choose Analyze Optimetrics Results To view the Optimetrics Results: 1. so it is greyed out) 2. Click the Add button 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Optimetrics Analysis > Add Parametric Setup Sweep Analysis Window: 1.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Optimetrics Setup – Parametric Sweep For this array design. Step: 10deg 6.5. Stop: 60deg 5. 3. Click the Close button when you are finished viewing the results Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5. Click the OK button Analyze Parametric Sweep To start the solution process: 1. we must sweep the scan angle with a parametric sweep. Click the Add button 7. Select Linear Step 3. Add a Parametric Sweep 1. Start: 0deg 4. To do this. we want to see the effect of scan angle on the input match of the antenna. Select the Profile Tab to view the solution progress for each setup.7-20 . Select Variable: theta_scan (this is the only variable defined.

5. Click the Y tab 1. Display Type: Rectangular Plot 3.7 Example – Endfire Antenna Array Create S-Parameter Plot – S11 at each θ To create a report: 1. select theta_scan. Click the Done button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 5.7-21 . 4. Click the OK button 3.p1) 3. Traces Window: 1. In the Sweeps tab: 1. This changes the primary sweep to theta_scan. Click the Sweeps tab 1. Category: S Parameter 2. Click the Add Trace button 5. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Report 2. Select Sweep Design and Project variable values 3. Create Report Window: 1. and on the drop list. Quantity: S(p1. Select Freq under the Name column. Solution: Setup1: LastAdaptive 2. Function: dB 4. Report Type: Modal Solution Data 2.

0 – Microwave Examples 6.Chapter 6.0 Chapter 6.Wave Ports Includes Optimetrics Example Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide .1 – Magic T 6.3 – Ring Hybrid 6.5 – Microstrip .2 – Coax Bend 6.4 – Coax Stub Includes Optimetrics Example 6.

1 The Magic T This example is intended to show you how to create. using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment.0 mm Height = 20.0 mm Length = 75. simulate.6.1-1 .0 mm Port2 Port3 Port4 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Length Height Width Port1 Nominal Design: Waveguide: Width = 50. which is a commonly used microwave device. and analyze a Magic T.

1 Ansoft HFSS Design Environment The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Box Boolean Operations: Unite. Animations Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.1-2 .6. Duplicate Excitations Ports: Wave Ports Analysis Sweep: Fast Frequency Results Cartesian plotting Fields 3D Field Plots.

Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example. HFSS 11 program group. 4. To access Ansoft HFSS. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2.1-3 . 3D Modeler Options Window: 1. Click the OK button 3. Click HFSS 11. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options.6. and select the Ansoft. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2. HFSS Options Window: 1.1 Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. verify that the following tool options are set : 1. select Programs. click the Microsoft Start button.

or select the menu item File > New. when HFSS first starts up. 2.1-4 . Choose Driven Modal 2.6. In an Ansoft HFSS window. Expand the folder and review the sub-folders in the Project Manager Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Solution Type Window: 1.1 Opening a New Project By default. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. If you have been working in HFSS and need to open a new project: 1. a new project will be opened. click the On the Standard toolbar.

0. Using the 3D Modeler Materials picklist in the toolbar.6. Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Press the Enter key 4. 3. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. enter the box position X: -25.0.1-5 . Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0.0. Z: 0. 2. Y: -10. Select Units: mm 2. dY: 20.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Set Model Units: 1.0.1 Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 50. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: Arm 3. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2. Press the Tab key to move the cursor to the coordinate entry fields Using the coordinate entry fields. choose vacuum Create Top Arm To create arm 1: 1. dZ: 75.

Wave Port : General 1. Wave Port : Modes 1.1 Create Wave Port Excitation 1 Picking the port face: 1. Click the Finish button Top face Wave Port Face Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Name: p1 2. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces 2. Graphically select (click on) the top face of the arm at Z=75mm To assign wave port excitation 1. Click the Next button 4. Wave Port : Post Processing 1.6. Click the Next button 3.1-6 . Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port 2.

Angle: 90 3. Angle: 90 3. Edit > Duplicate > Around Axis. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. 1. 1. Click the OK button 5.1-7 . Select the menu item Edit > Select > Objects Create Arm 2 To create arm 2: 1. Total Number: 3 4. Click OK in the Properties dialog To fit the view: 1.6. Axis: Z 2. Select the menu item.1 Set Object Selection Set select to objects 1. Select the objects named: Arm_1 2. Axis: X 2. Select the menu item. 2. Click the OK button 5. Or press the CTRL+A key. Total Number: 2 4. 1. Or press the CTRL+D key Create Arm 3 & 4 To select the object Arm_1: 1. Click the OK button To create arm 3 & 4: 1. Edit > Duplicate > Around Axis. Click OK in the Properties dialog To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select Object Dialog.

Select the menu item.1 Group the Arms To group the arms: 1. 2. Click the Close button when you are finished Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.1-8 . 3. Note: The Perfect Conductors are displayed as the smetal boundary. View > Active View Visibility to hide all of the geometry objects. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. Or press the CTRL+A key.6. Note: The background (Perfect Conductor) is displayed as the outer boundary. From the Solver View of Boundaries. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundary Display (Solver View) 2. Note: Select the menu item. This makes it easier to see the boundary conditions. toggle the Visibility check box for the boundaries you wish to display. Modeler > Boolean > Unite Boundary Display To verify the boundary setup: 1.

6. Frequency Setup Type: Linear Count Start: 3.4GHz Stop: 4.02 2. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2. Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 4. Solution Setup Window: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Click the Options Tab 1.1-9 . Sweep Type: Interpolating 2. Edit Sweep Window: 1.1 Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.0GHz Count: 1001 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Frequency Sweep 1. Minimum Converged Passes: 3 3. Click the OK button 2.0GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 5 Maximum Delta S per Pass: 0.

2. use the Message Manager.6. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2.1-10 .1 Save Project To save the project: 1. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. type the Filename: hfss_magic_t 3. In an Ansoft HFSS window. From the Save As window. select the menu item File > Save As. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages.

Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Last Adaptive 2. open this dialog and set the Simulation to Setup1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. To view the Matrix Data: 1. To view the Convergence: 1. Click the Profile Tab. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data during analysis.1-11 .1 Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1.6.

a real-time update of the results are displayed To create a report: 1.00 1. Quantity: S(p1.p4)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass Ansoft Corporation 0. S(p1.00 Y1 -40. Click the Close button XY Plot 1 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info dB(S(p1. Report Dialog: 1.50 Pass 3.50 2.p4) (Note: Hold down the Ctrl key to select multiple Quantities) 4.p1)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass dB(S(p1. Function: dB 3.00 3.00 1.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Click the New Report button 4.6.p1).00 -20. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Modal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.p2).50 4.00 2.p2)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass dB(S(p1.1-12 .00 -30. X: Pass 2.1 Create Reports Create Modal S-Parameter Plot vs.00 -50.00 -80. Category: S Parameter 3. Adaptive Pass Note: If this report is created prior or during the solution process. S(p1. Click the Trace tab 1. S(p1. Solution: Setup1: AdaptivePass 2.00 -70.p3).p3)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass dB(S(p1.00 -10.00 -60.

50 3.00 3. Click the New Report button 5.90 4. Quantity: S(p1. S(p1.6.p2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(S(p1. Domain: Sweep 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Modal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.p3)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(S(p1.00 Y1 -50.00 -90.00 -40. Report Dialog: 1.60 3. Function: dB 4.p2).00 -20.00 XY Plot 2 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info dB(S(p1. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.40 3.p3).00 -80.00 -30. a real-time update of the results are displayed To create a report: 1.1 Create Modal S-Parameter Plot vs.00 -70.p1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(S(p1. X: Freq 2.1-13 . Click the Trace tab 1.80 3. Click the Close button Ansoft Corporation 0. S(p1.p4) (Hold down the Ctrl key to select multiple Quantities) 4.p1).00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Category: S Parameter 3.p4)) Setup1 : Sweep1 -10. S(p1.00 -60.70 Freq [GHz] 3.00 -100. Freq Note: If this report is created prior or during the solution process.

Select Attribute Tab Click on the Transparency button Set Transparency to aprox . Quantity: Mag_E 3. Click the Done button Field Animations To Animate a Magnitude field plot: 1. Select the menu Edit > Properties 1.75 4. 5. Stop: 180deg 4. Press Ctrl-A to ensure waveguide is selected. Select Object Dialog. 6. Start: 0deg 3.1-14 . accept the defaults settings: 1.1 Create Field Overlay To select an object: 1. 3. 2. Click OK Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Swept variable: Phase 2. Solution: Setup1 : LastAdaptive 2.6. Select the menu item View > Animate 2. 1. Select the objects named: Arm 2. In the Swept Variable tab. Click the OK button 3. In Volume: All 4. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Plot Fields > E > Mag_E Create Field Plot Window 1. Steps: 9 3.

using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment. simulate.2 Example – Coaxial Connector The Coaxial Connector This example is intended to show you how to create.2-1 . Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.6. and analyze a coaxial connector.

Polylines. and Sweep Boundaries/Excitations Ports: Wave Ports and Terminal Lines Analysis Sweep: Fast Frequency Results Cartesian plotting Field Overlays: 3D Field Plots. Subtract. Circles Boolean Operations: Unite. Cut-Planes Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.2-2 .2 Example – Coaxial Connector Ansoft HFSS Design Environment The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Cylinders. Animations.6.

Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2.6. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. To access Ansoft HFSS.2-3 . Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2. 4. Select the menu item Tools > Options > 3D Modeler Options. verify that the following tool options are set : 1. Click the OK button 3. HFSS 10 program group. select Programs. click the Microsoft Start button. HFSS Options Window: 1. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example. and select the Ansoft. 3D Modeler Options Window: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1. Click HFSS 10.

Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1. From the Project menu. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. select Insert HFSS Design. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.2-4 . or select the menu item File > New. Solution Type Window: 1.6. Choose Driven Terminal 2. click the On the Standard toolbar. In an Ansoft HFSS window. 2.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1.

2 Example – Coaxial Connector Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. choose Select 2. Type pec in the Search by Name field 2. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Units 2.6. Set Model Units: 1. Select Definition Window: 1. Select Units: cm 2.2-5 .

Press the Enter key Create a Section To section the conductor 1. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.448. Z: 0. dY: 0. For the Value of Name type: Conductor1 3.0. dZ: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. 2.0. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Surface > Section 3. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Z: 1.0. enter the height: dX: 0.0. Press the Enter key 4. Or press the CTRL+A key. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. To set the name: 1. Y: 0.0. Press the Enter key Using the coordinate entry fields.0. 2.152. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative CS > Offset 2.6. Section Window Section Plane: XY Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.448. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. enter the cylinder position X: 0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.2-6 .0. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the origin X: 0. dZ: 0. enter the radius: dX: 0.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create the Conductor 1 To create the conductor 1. Or press the CTRL+D key Create Offset Coordinate System To create an offset Coordinate System: 1. dY: 0. Y: 0.0. Press the Enter key 3.

Click the OK button 3. Using the coordinate entry fields. 1. enter the sweep arc length: X: 0. Z: 0. Y: 0. Press the Enter key 5. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Press the Enter key 4. Select the objects named: Bend. Select the menu item Draw > Arc > Center Point 2. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. From the Model tab.2-7 . Click the Done button Set Grid Plane To set the grid plane: 1. right-click and select Done 6.0. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Grid Plane > YZ Create Conductor Bend To create the bend: 1.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Rename the Section To set the name: 1. Z: 0. Click the OK button 4. Y: 0. enter the radial point: X: 0. Press the Enter key 3.0.6. Polyline1 2.4.0. Using the mouse.0. Click the Properties button 1. Y: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Sweep > Along Path 4. Select Object Dialog. Click the OK button when the Properties dialog appears Sweep Bend: 1. Z: 0.0. For the Value of Name type: Bend 2.4. Select the menu item HFSS > List 2. enter the vertex point: X: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields.4. select the object named Section1 3. Sweep along path Window Angle of twist: 0 Draft Angle: 0 Draft Type: Round Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.

For the Value of Name type: Conductor2 3. dY: 0. 2. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative CS > Offset 2. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative CS > Offset 2.4. enter the height: dX: 0. dY: 0.2-8 . Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Z: 0. Press the Enter key 3.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Set Grid Plane To set the grid plane: 1.0. Y: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key 4.6. Z: 0. dZ: 0. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Grid Plane > XZ Create Offset Coordinate System To create an offset Coordinate System: 1.436.0.0.0. Z: 0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.0. Press the Enter key Create the Conductor 2 To create the conductor 1. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. enter the origin X: 0.0. Press the Enter key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.0. dZ: 0. Create Offset Coordinate System To create an offset Coordinate System: 1. enter the origin X: 0.436.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.152. enter the cylinder position X: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the radius: dX: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields.4. Y: 0. Y: 0.

0.3. 3D Modeler > Boolean > Unite To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. enter the radius: dX: 0. dY: 0. 2. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. dY: 1. enter the height: dX: 0.6. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create the Conductor 3 To create the conductor 1. Y: 0. Z: 0.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.2-9 . enter the cylinder position X: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key 3.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. 2.225. Group the Conductors To group the conductors: 1. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the menu item.0. choose vacuum Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. dZ: 0. Or press the CTRL+A key. Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. For the Value of Name type: Conductor3 3.0.0. dZ: 0. Press the Enter key 4.

Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. dZ: 0. enter the radius: dX: 0. Y: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Z: 0. Press the Enter key 3. enter the height: dX: 0. dY: 1.0.0.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. enter the height: dX: 0.0.0.351. dY: 0. dZ: 0.0. dZ: 0. dZ: 0. Create the Female Bend To create the bend: 1. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key 4. Press the Enter key 4. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. enter the cylinder position X: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. enter the cylinder position X: 0.0. dY: -1.0.0.0.236. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. For the Value of Name type: Female 3. 2.2-10 .0. dY: 0. Press the Enter key 3. For the Value of Name type: FemaleBend 3.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create the Female End To create the female end: 1.0.511. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Z: 0. Y: 0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the radius: dX: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2.3. 2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.6.

0. 2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: 0.0. 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Coordinate System > Set Working CS 2. For the Value of Name type: Male 3. Z: 0. enter the radius: dX: 0.2-11 .0. Select Coordinate System Window. enter the height: dX: 0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. dY: 0. dY: 0.351. dZ: 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. From the list. select the CS: Global 2. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. enter the cylinder position X: 0.0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.6.0.0. dZ: 0. Press the Enter key 4. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Grid Plane > XY Create the Male End To create the male end: 1. Click the Select button Set Grid Plane To set the grid plane: 1.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Set Working Coordinate System To set the working coordinate system: 1.348.0.

Add New Material To add a new material: 1. FemaleBend. choose Select 2.2-12 . FemaleBend and Male: 1. For the Material Name type: My_Ring 2. For the Value of Relative Permittivity type: 3 3. Select Object Dialog. View/Edit Material Window: 1. Click the OK button 4. 1. From the Select Definition window.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Group the Vacuum Objects To unite the objects Female. 3D Modeler > Boolean > Unite To fit the view: 1. click the Add Material button 3.6. Male 2. Select the objects named: Female. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the menu item. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Click the OK button 3.

enter the cylinder position X: 0. 2. Select the objects named: Ring. dZ: 0. dY: 0. Complete the Ring To select the objects Ring and Male: 1.6. Female 2.0. Select Object Dialog. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. enter the radius: dX: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the OK button To complete the ring: 1. Y: 0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Z: 0. Press the Enter key 4. Subtract Window Blank Parts: Ring Tool Parts: Female Clone tool objects before subtract: Checked Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: Ring 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.736.0.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create the Ring To create the ring: 1. Press the Enter key 3.0. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. dZ: 0.2-13 .0. enter the height: dX: 0. dY: 0.511.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.236. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Boolean > Subtract 2. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. 1.

Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields.46. dY: 0. For the Material Name type: My_Teflon 2.2-14 . Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. From the Select Definition window. click the Add Material button 3.511.1 3. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Press the Enter key 4.0.0. dZ: 0. Z: 0. Click the OK button Create the Male Teflon To create the teflon: 1. Press the Enter key 3.0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the cylinder position X: 0. choose Select 2. For the Value of Name type: MaleTeflon 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Click the OK button 4. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Y: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2.0. View/Edit Material Window: 1.0. enter the height: dX: 0. 2. For the Value of Relative Permittivity type: 2. dY: 0.788.0.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Add New Material To add a new material: 1.6. dZ: 0. enter the radius: dX: 0.

0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Graphical face selection can be used as an alternative. Z: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Circle 2. dY: 0.0. 2. This is not a requirement for defining ports.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. To create a circle that represents the port: 1.351. Select Object Dialog. a 2D object will be created to represent the port. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the radius of the circle: dX: 0.0. dZ: 0. 1. Click the OK button Note: You can also select the object from the Model Tree Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.6. Select the objects named: p1 2.0. Press the Enter key 3.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create Wave Port Excitation 1 Note: To simplify the instructions. Click the OK button To select the object p1: 1. For the Value of Name type: p1 3. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Y: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields.2-15 . enter the center position X: 0.

Using the coordinate entry fields. Z: 0. 2. Click the Finish button Set Working Coordinate System To set the working coordinate system: 1. enter the vertex dX: -0. click the Undefined column and select New Line 3. Click the Select button Set Grid Plane To set the grid plane: 1. dZ: 0.0. Full Port Impedance: 50 6.2-16 . dY: 0.0. From the list.351. 1. For T1. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Grid Plane > XZ Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Press the Enter key 4. 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the Next button 3. Wave Port : Terminals 1. select the CS: RelativeCS3 2. Wave Port : Differential Pairs 1. Name: p1. Number of Terminals: 1.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create Wave Port Excitation 1 (Continued) To assign wave port excitation 1.199. Click the Next button 4. Click the Next button 5. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Coordinate System > Set Working CS 2. Wave Port : General 1. Wave Port : Post Processing 1. Y: 0. enter the vector position X: 0.0.6. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port 2.0. Press the Enter key 5. Select Coordinate System Window.

511. Z: 0.3.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.2-17 . a 2D object will be created to represent the port. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: p2 3. 2. enter the radius of the circle: dX: 0.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create Wave Port Excitation 2 Note: To simplify the instructions. Y: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. 1.0. dZ: 0. dY: 0. Press the Enter key 3. To create a circle that represents the port: 1.0. Select Object Dialog. This is not a requirement for defining ports. Using the coordinate entry fields. Graphical face selection can be used as an alternative. Click the OK button To select the object p2: 1. Select the objects named: p2 2.0. enter the center position X: 0.6. Select the menu item Draw > Circle 2.

Click the Next button 3. For T1. Number of Terminals: 1.0. Wave Port : Terminals 1.0. Wave Port : Post Processing 1.286. enter the vertex dX: -0. Wave Port : Differential Pairs 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the Next button 4.2-18 .511. Click the Finish button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. dY: 0. Z: 0. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port 2.0. 2. Name: p2. 2. Y: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create Wave Port Excitation 2 (Continued) To assign wave port excitation 1. Full Port Impedance : 50 2. click the Undefined column and select New Line 3.3. Click the Next button 5. dZ: 0. Wave Port : General 1. Press the Enter key 5. Press the Enter key 4.6. enter the vector position X: 0.

2-19 . enter the radius: dX: 0.0.0. enter the height: dX: 0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. For the Value of Name type: FemaleTeflon 3. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Boolean > Subtract 2. MaleTeflon.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create the Female Teflon To create the Teflon: 1. dY: -0. dZ: 0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Subtract Window Blank Parts: Female Tool Parts: MaleTeflon. Press the Enter key 3. enter the cylinder position X: 0. FemaleTeflon Clone tool objects before subtract: Checked Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Y: 0. Z: 0.6. Select the objects named: Female. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0.236. Click the OK button To complete the vacumm objects: 1. dY: 0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. MaleTeflon. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key 4.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Complete the Vacuum Object To select the objects Female. Select Object Dialog.511. FemaleTeflon 2. FemaleTeflon 1. 1.0. 2. dZ: 0.0.0.

Click the Close button when you are finished Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. toggle the Visibility check box for the boundaries you wish to display. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundary Display (Solver View) 2. Select the objects named: Conductor1. This makes it easier to see the boundary 3. FemaleTeflon 2. MaleTeflon. Note: The Perfect Conductors are displayed as the smetal boundary. FemaleTeflon.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Complete the Model To complete the model: 1. Click the OK button 3. Subtract Window Blank Parts: Female.2-20 . Female. View > Visibility to hide all of the geometry objects. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Boolean > Subtract 4. 1.6. From the Solver View of Boundaries. Note: The background (Perfect Conductor) is displayed as the outer boundary. MaleTeflon Tool Parts: Conductor1 Clone tool objects before subtract: Checked Click the OK button Boundary Display To verify the boundary setup: 1. Select Object Dialog. Note: Select the menu item.

1GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 10 Maximum Delta S: 0.02 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Sweep Type: Fast 2. Click the OK button 3. Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Sweep 1.6.2-21 .2 Example – Coaxial Connector Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Frequency Setup Type: Linear Count Start: 0. Solution Setup Window: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Click the OK button 2. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2. Edit Sweep Window: 1.1GHz Stop: 8. Click the Options tab: Minimum Converged Passes: 2 4.1GHz Count: 801 Save Fields: Checked 3. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 8.

6. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. 2. From the Save As window.2-22 . type the Filename: hfss_coax 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. use the Message Manager. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Save Project To save the project: 1. select the menu item File > Save As. In an Ansoft HFSS window.

Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. set the Simulation to Setup1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. Last Adaptive 2.2-23 .6. Click the Profile Tab. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data. To view the Convergence: 1. To view the Matrix Data: 1.

St(p1. Solution: Setup1: Adaptive1 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Report 2. Category: Terminal S Parameter 2. Click the Done button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Click the X tab 1. Report Type: Terminal S Parameters 2. Click the OK button 3.p2). Display Type: Rectangular 3. Click the Add Trace button 4. Category: Variables 3. Use Primary Sweep: Unchecked 2.p1).2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create Reports Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot vs. Quantity: St(p1. Traces Window: 1.2-24 . Quantity: Pass 3. Function: dB 4. 3. a real-time update of the results are displayed To create a report: 1. Adaptive Pass Note: If this report is created prior to or during the solution process. Create Report Window: 1.6. Click the Y tab 1.

3. Click the Y tab 1. Category: Terminal S Parameter 2.p1).Magnitude To create a report: 1. Function: dB 4. Report Type: Terminal S Parameters 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Report 2. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.p2). Click the OK button 3.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot . St(p1. Quantity: St(p1. Click the Add Trace button 4.6. Create Report Window: 1. Domain: Sweep 3. Click the Done button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.2-25 . Traces Window: 1. Display Type: Rectangular 3.

2-26 . Category: Terminal S Parameter 2. Click the Done button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Click the Y tab 1. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2. Click the Add Trace button 4. Function: ang_deg 4.Phase To create a report: 1. Click the OK button 3. Display Type: Rectangular 3.p2). 3. Traces Window: 1. St(p1.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot .6.p1). Create Report Window: 1. Quantity: St(p1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Report 2. Domain: Sweep 3. Report Type: Terminal S Parameters 2.

E-Field Window: 1. Select Use Limits 2. Click the Scale tab 1. Quantity: Mag_E 3.0 3. Solution: Setup1 : LastAdaptive 2. Max: 1000.0 4.2-27 . Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Select Plot Folder Window: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Fields > E > Mag_E 3. In Volume: All 4.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Field Overlays Create Field Overlay To create a field plot: 1. Select: E Field 2.6. Create Field Plot Window 1. Click the Done button To modify a Magnitude field plot: 1. Min: 1. Select the Global YZ Plane 1. expand Planes 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Modify Plot Attributes 2. Scale: Log 2. Click the OK button 3. Select Global:YZ 2. Using the Model Tree.

Stop: 180deg 4. Start: 0deg 3. Select p2:T1 from the Edit Sources window Check the Terminated box 3.2-28 . Swept variable: Phase 2. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Click the OK button To Select the Electric Field plot: 1. In the Swept Variable tab. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Edit Sources 2. Expand the Field Overlays 3. Expand the Project tree 2.6. Select the menu item View > Animate 2.2 Example – Coaxial Connector Edit Sources To Modify a Terminal excitation: 1. Steps: 9 3. Click on the E Field or Mag_E1 to display the field plot Field Animations To Animate a Magnitude field plot: 1. accept defaults settings: 1.

6. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.3-1 . simulate. using Ansoft HFSS. and analyze a ring hybrid.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid The 180° Ring Hybrid This example is intended to show you how to create.

select Programs. Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example. click the Microsoft Start button. To access Ansoft HFSS.6. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. verify that the following tool options are set : 1. HFSS Options Window: 1. and select the Ansoft. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. HFSS 11 program group.3-2 . 3D Modeler Options Window: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Click the OK button 3. Click HFSS 11. 4. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2.

In an Ansoft HFSS window. select Insert HFSS Design. Solution Type Window: 1. click the On the Standard toolbar. Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1.3-3 .6. or select the menu item File > New. From the Project menu. Choose Driven Terminal 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. 2.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2.

6. For the Value of Relative Permittivity type: 2.3-4 . Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. View/Edit Material Window: 1. For the Value of Dielectric Loss Tangent type: 4. Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Click the OK button 3.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1. Using the Modeler Materials picklist in the toolbar.29e-4 4. Set Model Units: 1. Select Definition Window: 1.33 3. For the Material Name type: My_Sub 2. Click the Add Material button 2. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2. Select Units: mm 2. choose Select 2.

Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Press the Tab key to move the cursor to the coordinate entry fields 3.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Create Substrate To create the substrate: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.286. enter the center position X: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Regular Polyhedron 2. Press the Enter key 4. Z: -1. For the Value of Name type: Substrate 3. Segment Number Window Number of Segments: 6 Click the OK button 6.143. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.0. 2. enter the radius: dX: 22.3-5 . Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Press the Enter key 5.6.143.0. dZ: -1. Y: 0. In the Properties window. dY: 0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.345mm/cos(30*pi/180). Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the height Height: 2.

Name: PerfE_Trace 2.3-6 . dZ: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. Z: 0. Y: 0. Click the OK button To assign the Perfect E boundary 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. enter the rectangle position X: -0.6. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Create Trace To create the trace: 1. 1. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle: dX: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Perfect E 2.89154. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.345. Select Object Dialog. Perfect E Boundary window 1. Select the objects named: Trace 2. For the Value of Name type: Trace 3. dY: 22. 2. Press the Enter key 3.0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Assign a Perfect E boundary to the Trace To select the trace: 1.78308.0.

4. Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > XZ To set the view Select the menu item View > Modify Attributes > Orientation Select Viewing Direction form the List Window 1. and repeat for port2-4. Click the Close button To create the rectangle graphically: 1. From the list select the view name: Right 2. Click the Apply button 3. Since we can duplicate port definitions.6. We could use face selection to select the ends of the substrate that represent the port. assign excitation. position the active position indicator such that it snaps to the vertex of the lower left corner of the substrate face. The second method is described here: To set grid plane 1. it is more efficient to define a rectangle with the appropriate port definition and copy it to the location of ports 2-4. Using the mouse.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Create Wave Port Excitation 1 Note: This structure requires 4 ports with 1 terminal lines per port. The shape of the active position indicator will change to a square when it snaps to the vertex 3. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. define terminal lines. Click the left mouse button to select this point as the start position.3-7 . Continued on next page… Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.

The shape of the active position indicator will change to a square when it snaps to the vertex Click the left mouse button to set the opposite corner of the rectangle. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.3-8 .3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Create Wave Port Excitation 1 (Continued) 4. Using the mouse. position the active position indicator such that it snaps to the vertex of the upper right corner of the substrate face. 5. To set the name: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.6. 2. For the Value of Name type: Port 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.

Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port 2. Reference Conductors Dialog 1. Reference Conductors: <Empty> 3. Conducting Objects: Trace 2.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Create Wave Port Excitation 1 (Continued) To assign wave port excitation 1.6.3-9 . Click the OK button Wave Port Face Trace Object Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.

Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Edit > Duplicate > Around Axis 2.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Create the remaining Traces and Wave Ports To select objects: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > XY To create the ring: 1. dY: 0. Port 2. Duplicate Around Axis Window 1. dZ: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Select the menu item. Click the OK button To duplicate the objects: 1. Y: 0. 2. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Z: 0. 1. Total Number: 4 4.0. Click the OK button Create Outer Ring To set grid plane 1.0. Select the objects named: Trace. Angle: 60deg 3. Select the menu item Draw > Circle 2.3-10 . Axis: Z 2.0. enter the radius: dX: 11.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: Outer 3. Press the Enter key 3. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the menu item View > Fit Drawing.6. enter the position X: 0. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.795. Select Object Dialog.

Modeler > Boolean > Unite To fit the view: 1. Trace_1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Group the Conductors To group the conductors: 1. Tool Parts: Inner 3. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Clone tool objects before subtracting: Unchecked 4. Select the objects named: Trace.3-11 .0. Create Inner Ring To create the ring: 1. Select the objects named: Trace. Select the menu item. Outer 2. Select Object Dialog. Y: 0. Trace_2. Press the Enter key 3. Select the menu item View > Fit Drawing. Z: 0. For the Value of Name type: Inner 3. Select the menu item Draw > Circle 2.0. dY: 0. Select the menu item. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.0. Subtract Window 1. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.6.0. Click the OK button 3. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the position X: 0.0. Inner 2. dZ: 0. 2. Select Object Dialog. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the radius: dX: 10. Click the OK button 3. Blank Parts: Trace 2. 1.795. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Modeler > Boolean > Subtract 4. 1. Select the menu item View > Fit Drawing. Click the OK button Select objects: 1. Trace_3.

Solution Setup Window: 1.3-12 .0 GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 20 Maximum Delta S: 0.0 GHz Step: 0.05 GHz Save Fields: Checked 3.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1.6. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Edit Sweep Window: 1.02 2.0 GHz Stop: 7. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 4. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Frequency Sweep 1. Sweep Type: Fast 2. Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1. Frequency Setup Type: Linear Step Start: 2. Click the OK button 2.

Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select Object Dialog. the perfect E boundaries on the trace objects were removed. Name: PerfE_Trace 2. Select the objects named: Outer 2.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Assign a Perfect E boundary to the Ring Hybrid During the duplication process.6. so we need to re-create it. 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Perfect E 2. To select the trace: 1.3-13 . Click the OK button To assign the Perfect E boundary 1. Perfect E Boundary window 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.

Category: Terminal S Parameter 3. a real-time update of the results are displayed To create a report: 1. Solution: Setup1: AdaptivePass 2. St(Trace_T1.Trace_T4) (hold down the Ctrl key to select multiple quantities) 4. St(Trace_T1. Adaptive Pass Note: If this report is created prior or during the solution process. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2. Traces Window: 1. Function: dB 3.Trace_T2). Quantity: St(Trace_T1.Trace_T3). Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.6.3-14 .Trace_T1). Click the Trace tab 1. St(Trace_T1.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Create Reports Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot vs. X: Pass 2. Click the New Report button 4.

3-15 .6. Domain: Sweep 3. Category: Terminal S Parameter 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2. Function: dB 4.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot . X: Freq 2.Magnitude To create a report: 1. St(Trace_T1. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.Trace_T3).Trace_T2). Click the New Report button 5. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.Trace_T1). Traces Window: 1.Trace_T4) 4. Click the Trace tab 1. Quantity: St(Trace_T1. St(Trace_T1. St(Trace_T1.

Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. 2. select the menu item File > Save As.3-16 . Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Save Project To save the project: 1. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages. type the Filename: hfss_ringhybrid 3. In an Ansoft HFSS window. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. From the Save As window. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. use the Message Manager.6.

Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data. Click the Profile Tab.3-17 . Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table.6. To view the Matrix Data: 1. To view the Convergence: 1. Last Adaptive 2. set the Simulation to Setup1.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.

00 2.00 XY Plot 1 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info dB(St(Trace_T1.00 -10.00 dB(St(Trace_T1.00 6.00 XY Plot 2 HFSSDesign1 -5.00 6.00 Freq [GHz] 5.00 3.00 -30.00 7.Magnitude Ansoft Corporation 0.00 Terminal S-Parameter Plot .00 -15.00 dB(St(Trace_T1.Trace_T4)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass -5.00 -10.3-18 .00 -20.Trace_T2)) Setup1 : Sw eep1 -40.00 8.00 7.3 Example – 180° Ring Hybrid Terminal S-Parameter Plot vs.00 -25.00 -30.00 -15.Trace_T4)) Setup1 : Sw eep1 -45.00 Curve Info -35.Trace_T2)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass dB(St(Trace_T1.00 Y1 -20. Adaptive Pass Ansoft Corporation 0.6.00 -35.00 Pass 5.Trace_T3)) Setup1 : Sw eep1 dB(St(Trace_T1.Trace_T1)) Setup1 : Sw eep1 dB(St(Trace_T1.00 2.00 Y1 -25.00 4.00 4.00 1.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.Trace_T3)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass dB(St(Trace_T1.00 3.Trace_T1)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass dB(St(Trace_T1.

and optimize a coaxial stub resonator.6.4-1 .4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator The Coaxial Stub Resonator This example is intended to show you how to create. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment. simulate.

4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Ansoft HFSS Design Environment The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model: 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Cylinders Boolean: Union Duplicate: Around Axis Boundaries/Excitations Excitations: Wave Ports Analysis Sweep: Fast Frequency Optimization Parametrics Setup Optimetrics Setup Results Data: Tabular Plotting: Cartesian Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.6.4-2 .

To access Ansoft HFSS. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2. 4. Modeler Options Window: 1.4-3 . Click HFSS 11. HFSS Options Window: 1. Click the OK button 3.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1. Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2.6. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. and select the Ansoft. select Programs. click the Microsoft Start button. verify that the following tool options are set : 1. HFSS 11 program group.

Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Solution Type Window: 1.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1. Choose Driven Terminal 2.4-4 .6.

Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2. choose Select 2. Select Definition Window: 1. Type pec in the Search by Name field 2. Select Units: mm 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.6.4-5 . Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Set Model Units: 1.

Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0.0. dZ: 0.4-6 .0. dY: -6. enter the radius: dX: 0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.0.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Set Grid Plane To set the grid plane: 1. Z: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: Conductor 3. Y: 0.0.0. Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > XZ Create the Conductor 1 To create the conductor 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window 2. dY: 0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. enter the height: dX: 0. enter the cylinder position X: 0. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Press the Enter key 4. dZ: 0. Press the Enter key 3.6. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.86.0.

Set Default Material To set the default material: 1.6. choose vacuum Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2.0.4-7 . Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.0.75. Using the coordinate entry fields. dY: 4. enter the radius: dX: 0. Click the Tab key to accept Add Variable L: 4.86.0. Press the Enter key 3. Click the OK button To set the name: 1.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Create the Stub To create the stub 1. type: L. dZ: 0. Z: 0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.75mm. Press the Enter key To parameterize the object: 1. enter the height: dX: 0. enter the cylinder position X: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: Stub 3. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2.0.0. Select the Command tab from the Properties window 2. dZ: 0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Press the Enter key 4. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. dY: 0. For Height. Y: 0.

Click on the end surface of Body as shown To assign reference conductors for Terminals 1. For the Value of Name type: Body 3. Select the menu item HFSS>Excitations>Assign>Wave Port 2. dZ: 0. In the pop up Reference Conductors for Terminals window. Press the Enter key 3.0. Press the Enter key 4.0. Z: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.0. 2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Create the Body To create the body 1. Press the F key on keyboard ( Select Faces mode) 2. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. enter the cylinder position X: 0. dY: -6.0.6. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0. dY: 0. enter the height: dX: 0. Y: 0. leave Conductor in Conducting Objects. dZ: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.0. Click OK Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.0.4-8 . enter the radius: dX: 2. Click the OK button Create Wave Port Excitation 1 To select surface for Wave Port 1 1.

Axis: X 2. Click the OK button To select the objects Body: 1. Select the objects named: Body.6. Select the objects named: Body 2. Select Object Dialog. Create Stub Body To set the tool options: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Create Port 2 Arm To select the objects Conductor & Body 1. 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Conductor Note: Use the Ctrl + Left mouse button to select multiple objects 2. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item. Edit > Duplicate > Around Axis. Click the General tab Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Unchecked 2. Total Number: 2 4. 1. 1.4-9 . Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2. Angle: -90 3. HFSS Options Window: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Click the OK button To create the port 2 arm: 1. Select Object Dialog.

Conductor_1. Select the menu item. Modeler > Boolean > Unite To fit the view: 1. Angle: 180 3. Click the OK button 3. Body_2 2.6. Body_2: 1. 1. Body_1.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator To create the stub body: 1. Group the Conductor & Stub Objects To select the objects Conductor. 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Total Number: 2 4. Edit > Duplicate > Around Axis. Body_1. 1. Select the objects named: Body. Modeler > Boolean > Unite To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item. Select Object Dialog. Select the objects named: Conductor. Stub 2. Click the OK button 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.4-10 . Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Group the Body Objects To select the objects Body. Select Object Dialog. Select the menu Select the menu item. Axis: X 2. Stub: 1. Conductor_1.

Restrict the Number of Elements: Checked 1. Select Object Dialog. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Click the Close button when you are finished Mesh Operations To select the object Body 1.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Boundary Display To verify the boundary setup: 1. Select the objects named: Body 2. View > Visibility to hide all of the geometry objects. Select the menu item HFSS > Mesh Operations > Assign > Inside Selection > Length based 2. Note: The background (Perfect Conductor) is displayed as the outer boundary. Element Length Based Refinement Window: 1.4-11 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide . Note: Select the menu item. From the Solver View of Boundaries. This makes it easier to see the boundary 3. Note: The Perfect Conductors are displayed as the smetal boundary. toggle the Visibility check box for the boundaries you wish to display. Maximum Number of Elements: 2000 4. Name: Body_Mesh 2. Restrict Length of Elements: Unchecked 3. Click the OK button 6.6. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundary Display (Solver View) 2. 1. Click the OK button To create a mesh operation: 1.

Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 13. Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1.0 GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 10 Maximum Delta S: 0. Sweep Type: Fast 2. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2.0 GHz Step: 0.01 GHz Save Fields: Checked 3. Edit Sweep Window: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Solution Setup Window: 1.4-12 . Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Sweep 1.6.0 GHz Stop: 20. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Frequency Setup Type: Linear Step Start: 5.02 2. Click the OK button 2.

Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages. use the Message Manager. select the menu item File > Save As.4-13 . From the Save As window. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze all Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.6. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. 2. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Save Project To save the project: 1. In an Ansoft HFSS window. type the Filename: hfss_stub_resonator 3.

Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table. To view the Matrix Data: 1. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data.4-14 . Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data.6. set the Simulation to Setup1. Last Adaptive 2. To view the Convergence: 1.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. Click the Profile Tab. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.

Conductor_T1).Conductor_T2) 3.Magnitude To create a report: 1. Category: Terminal S Parameter 2.6. Quantity: St(Conductor_T1. Traces Window: 1.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot . Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2. Function: dB 4. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Click the New Report button 4. Domain: Sweep 3. Click the Trace tab 1.4-15 . Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report> Rectangular Plot 2. St(Conductor_T1.

Conductor_T2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 -10.6300 Y -11.00 Freq [GHz] 15. When you are finished.Conductor_T1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(St(Conductor_T1.00 m1 -20. select the menu item Report 2D > Marker > Clear All to remove the marker. Select the menu item Edit > Select All 2. Ansoft Corporation Name X 0.5440 -65.00 -30.00 -60. Select the menu item Report 2D > Marker > Add Minimum 3.00 5.0640 XY Plot 1 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info dB(St(Conductor_T1.00 -50.4-16 .00 m1 m2 5.6.00 10.00 m2 -70.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.00 Y1 -40.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Data Markers Mark All Traces 1.00 20.0000 13.

4-17 . Select Variable: L 2. Click the Add button 2. Add a Parametric Sweep 1. Click the Options tab: 1. Count: 5 6.6. Select the Profile Tab to view the solution progress for each setup. it is common practice to develop design trends based on swept parameters. Expand the Project Tree to display the items listed under Optimetrics 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Optimetrics Analysis > Add Parametric Setup Sweep Analysis Window: 1. Add/Edit Sweep Dialog 1. 2. Right-click the mouse on ParametricSetup1 and choose Analyze Optimetrics Results To view the Optimetrics Results: 1. Start: 4. Click the OK button Analyze Parametric Sweep To start the solution process: 1. Click the Add button 7.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Optimetrics Setup – Parametric Sweep During the design of a microwave device. Select the menu item HFSS > Optimetrics Analysis > Optimetrics Results 2. 3. Stop: 5. Click the Sweep Definitions tab: 1. Select Linear Count 3. Click the OK button 2. Click the Close button when you are finished viewing the results Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.5mm 5. Save Fields and Mesh: Checked 3.0mm 4. Ansoft HFSS with Optimetrics Parametric Sweep can automatically create these design curves.

Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report> Rectangular Plot 2.125mm' dB(St(Conductor_T1. Primary Sweep: Freq: All 2. Domain: Sweep 3.00 -80.00 Curve Info dB(St(Conductor_T1.6.00 5.00 dB(St(Conductor_T1.375mm' dB(St(Conductor_T1. Sweeps: Variable L will Value All 4.Conductor_T2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 L='5.Conductor_T2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 L='4. Click the New Report button 5.Conductor_T2) 4. Function: dB 5.00 Freq [GHz] 15. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.75mm' dB(St(Conductor_T1.00 20. Traces Window: 1.Conductor_T2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 L='4mm' dB(St(Conductor_T1.00 10.00 -40.Conductor_T2)) -30. Quantity: St(Conductor_T1.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Category: Terminal S Parameter 3.00 -20. Click the Close button XY Plot 2 HFSSDesign1 Ansoft Corporation 0.00 -70.4-18 . Click the Families tab 1.5mm' -50.Conductor_T2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 L='5.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot – S12 at each L To create a report: 1.00 -10.Conductor_T2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 L='4.00 -60. Click the Trace tab 1.

0 mm 4. Ansoft HFSS and Optimetrics with Optimization takes the guess work out of achieving performance targets. we will add an additional Solution Setup that does not include the frequency sweep. Solution Setup Window: 1. Since we are only interested in obtaining an optimum solution for 13GHz. Max: 5. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 13.4-19 .0 GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 10 Maximum Delta S per Pass: 0.6. Select the menu item HFSS > Design Properties 2. Add an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Include: Checked 3.7-5. Name: L 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Click the OK button Define Optimization Design Variables To Define Optimization Design Variable 1.1mm. For this simple design with only a single variable we could use the design curves to make educated guesses at performance targets that are not contained in the Parametric Sweep. Click the Optimization radio button: 1. From the Parametric Sweep.02 2. Since this device has a very high Q.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Optimetrics Setup – Optimization The Parametric Sweep was useful for generating design curves. we can see that the search range can be limited to the range 4. we will consider anything <= -40dB at 13GHz to be a minimum. Min: 4.5 mm 3. To demonstrate this we will target a minimum S12 at 13GHz. This will reduce the amount of simulation time required to achieve the performance goal. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.

01 2.4-20 . Optimizer: Quasi-Newton 3.6. Click on Edit Goal/Weight button 1. 4. Condition: <= 8. Click on Weight tab.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Add Optimization Setup 1. click on the Setup1:Sweep1 and select Setup2:LastAdaptive from the list of solutions 7. Click the Setup Calculations button 5. Setup Output Variables dialog: 1. Select Parametric Sweep before Optimization 12. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Click the General tab 1. Function: mag 4. Max: 5. Goal Value:0. of Iterations: 10 4.7 mm 2. Max. Parametrics Analysis: click on N/A and select Paramatric Setup1 2. Click the Goals tab: 2. Click on Set button 5.1mm 11. 3. Set All Weight to 1. Min: 4. Acceptable Cost: 0 10. Click OK button 9. Click the Done button 6. 2. From the Solution Column. Click the Variables tab: 1. Click the Add Calculation button 5. Select the menu item HFSS > Optimetrics Analysis > Add Optimization Setup Optimization Window: 1.Conductor_T2) 3. No. Category: Terminal S Parameter 2. Quantity: St(Conductor_T1.

Right-click the mouse on OptimizationSetup1 and choose Analyze Optimetrics Results To view the Optimetrics Results: 1.6. Select the menu item HFSS > Optimetrics Analysis > Optimetrics Results 2.4-21 . Expand the Project Tree to display the items listed under Optimetrics 2. Click the Close button when you are finished viewing the results Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Analyze Optimization To start the solution process: 1.

00 -60.00 Y1 Curve Info dB(St(Conductor_T1. Ansoft Corporation 0.00 5.00 Freq [GHz] 15. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze To view the plot The existing XY Plot 1 will automatically be updated when the solution completes.Conductor_T2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 -40.4 Example – Coaxial Stub Resonator Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot of Optimum Result Select the menu HFSS> Optimetrics Analysis > Optimerics Results View: select Table Select the iteration with optimal result: the lowest cost (cost =0) Click on Apply button To analyze the optimum design 1. select the menu item Window > XY Plot 1.00 -70.00 -50.Conductor_T1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(St(Conductor_T1. To change to the XY Plot 1 window.00 XY Plot 1 HFSSDesign1 -10.00 20.00 -20.4-22 .00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.00 -30.00 10.6.

6.5-1 .5 Example – Wave Ports Microstrip Wave Port This example is intended to show you how wave port size can influence the results of any simulation using the Ansoft HFSS Version Design Environment. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.

5 Example – Wave Ports Ansoft Design Environment The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Boxes.6.5-2 . Rectangle Boolean Operations: Duplicate Along Line Boundary/Excitation Ports: Wave Ports and Integration Lines Analysis Solution: Ports Only Sweep: Interpolating Results Cartesian plotting Fields Overlays Port Field Display Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.

select Programs. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. and select the Ansoft. To access Ansoft HFSS. 3D Modeler Options Window: 1.5-3 . verify that the following tool options are set : 1. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example.6.5 Example – Wave Ports Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1. click the Microsoft Start button. Click HFSS 11. Click the OK button 3. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. HFSS Options Window: 1. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. HFSS 11 program group. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2. 4.

we typically create a 2D rectangle to represent the wave port stimulus for this type of structure.5 Example – Wave Ports Design Review Generally speaking when we assign a wave port to a microstrip line.5-4 . Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. and the shorter the port can be made. or any quasi-TEM line. The higher the permittivity. REMEMBER: These are only guidelines !!! The height of the port will be affected by the permittivity of the substrate. The narrower the width (image on right). the more the fields will couple to the side walls of the port. The width of the port will affect the port impedance and propagating modes. “how much area?” Below you will see the cross section of a simple microstrip line with naming conventions shown. ~10w ~8h w h As a rule of thumb. the greater chance that a higher frequency waveguide mode can propagate. This example will explore this last phenomenon. The dimensions of the rectangle are roughly ten times the width of the transmission line by eight times the height of the substrate. The big question is. the less the fields will propagate in the air.6. The wider the port. we need to include some area around the actual transmission line. This effect may not be physical.

Click the OK button Set Model Units To set the units: 1. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Units 2. When a new project is automatically opened. Choose Driven Modal 2. a new HFSS Design is also automatically inserted into the project.6.5 Example – Wave Ports Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. Solution Type Window: 1. Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1. 2.5-5 . Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Select Units: mil 2. Set Model Units: 1. a new project is automatically inserted. In the Ansoft HFSS desktop.

Click the OK button 4. Material Name: My_Rogers 2. click the Add Material button 3. Relative Permittivity: 3.6.5 Example – Wave Ports Add New Material To add a new material: 1.38 3.5-6 . From the Select Definition window. View/Edit Material Window: 1. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. choose Select 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.

Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Type pec in the Search by Name field 2. dY: 800. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Select Definition Window: 1.0.5-7 . choose Select 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Using the coordinate entry fields. Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Z: 0. Press the Enter key 3. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Y: -400.0. enter the opposite corner of the box: dX: 200. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. enter the box position X: 0.0. 2. dZ: 8.0.0.6. For the Value of Name type: Substrate 3.5 Example – Wave Ports Create Substrate To create the substrate: 1. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.

5 Example – Wave Ports Create Trace To create the trace: 1. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. enter the box position X: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. dY: 18. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.4. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.5-8 . Select the menu item Draw > Box 2.6.0. For the Value of Name type: Trace 3. Press the Enter key 3. enter the box position X: 0.0. Press the Enter key 3. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. For the Value of Name type: Ground 3. Z: 8. 2. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. dY: 800.4.0.0. Create Ground To create the ground: 1. dZ: -1. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Y: -400. Z: 0. enter the opposite corner of the box: dX: 200. enter the opposite corner of the box: dX: 200. Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.25.5. Y: -9. 2.0.

Z: -1.0. Radiation Boundary Window Name: Rad1 Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. For the Value of Name type: Air 3.4. enter the opposite corner of the box: dX: 200. 2. dY: 800. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.6. Select Object Dialog.0.5 Example – Wave Ports Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. 1.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: 200. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. enter the box position X: 0. Y: -400. Create Radiation Boundary To select the object Air: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Press the Enter key 3.0. Select the objects named: Air 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Radiation 2. Click the OK button To create a radiation boundary 1. choose vacuum Create Air To create the Air: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.5-9 .0.

Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. type: 0mil. Click the Tab key to accept Add Variable Port_Width: 400mil. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.5-10 . For the Value of Name type: Port1 3.0. Press the Enter key 3. Y: -200. Select the Command tab from the Properties window 2. dY: 400. Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the OK button 3. dZ: 50.5 Example – Wave Ports Set Grid Plane To set the grid plane: 1. type: Port_Width. Press the Enter key To parameterize the object: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > YZ Create the Wave Port To create a rectangle that represents the port: 1. 0mil. Z: 0.6. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.0. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle: dX: 0.0. enter the center position X: 0.0.0. For YSize. -Port_Width/2. Click the Tab key to accept To set the name: 1. For Position.

Select the objects named: Port1 2.5 Example – Wave Ports Assign the Excitation 1 To select the object p1: 1. Click the Next button 3.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the OK button To assign wave port excitation 1. Wave Port : Modes 1. Press the Enter key For Mode 1. click the None in the Integration Line column and select New Line 3. dY: 0. Z: 0. Click the Next button 5. click the Zpi column and select Zpv 1. Select Object Dialog. dZ: 8.0.0. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port 2. 1.6. Number of Modes: 5 2. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Click the Next button 4. Wave Port : General 1. Name: p1.0.0. 2. enter the vector position X: 0.5-11 .0. Press the Enter key 4. Wave Port : Post Processing 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: 0. Click the Finish button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. For Mode 1. enter the vertex dX: 0.

0. enter the first point of the duplicate vector X: 0. Press the Enter key 3.0. Select Object Dialog. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the objects named: Port1 2. Click the OK button 5. Z: 0.5-12 .0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.0.6. Y: 0. 1.0. Total Number: 2 2.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Click the OK button To duplicate the port: 1.5 Example – Wave Ports Create Wave Port Excitation 2 To select the object Port1: 1. dZ: 0. Select the menu item. enter the second point of the duplicate vector dX: 200. dY: 0. Press the Enter key 4. Click the Done button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Duplicate Along Line Windows 1. Edit > Duplicate > Along Line 2.

Note: The background (Perfect Conductor) is displayed as the outer boundary. Note: The Perfect Conductors are displayed as the smetal boundary. View > Visibility to hide all of the geometry objects.6. Note: Select the menu item. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundary Display (Solver View) 2. From the Solver View of Boundaries. toggle the Visibility check box for the boundaries you wish to display.5-13 . This makes it easier to see the boundary 3. Click the Close button when you are finished Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.5 Example – Wave Ports Boundary Display To verify the boundary setup: 1.

Frequency Setup Type: Linear Count Start: 0.5 Example – Wave Ports Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1.5-14 . Edit Sweep Window: 1. Solution Setup Window: 1. Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1. Sweep Type: Interpolating 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Frequency Sweep 1. Click the OK button 2. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2.6. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 20GHz 2.1GHz Stop: 50.1GHz Count: 81 3. Check Solve Ports Only 3. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2.

From the Save As window. use the Message Manager. In an Ansoft HFSS window. type the Filename: hfss_waveports 3. 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.6. select the menu item File > Save As.5-15 . Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1.5 Example – Wave Ports Save Project To save the project: 1. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages.

Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. Click the Profile Tab. Click the pulldown that displays Sweep1. Check the Gamma radio button 2. Uncheck the Zo radio button 3. To view the Matrix Data: 1. and change to PortOnly 2.5-16 . Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.6. Click the Matrix Data Tab 1.5 Example – Wave Ports Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1.

Gamma(p1:2). Domain: Sweep 3. Category: Gamma 4. See next page for plot and discussion of results Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Frequency To Create a report: 1.5 Example – Wave Ports Create Reports Create Propagation Constant vs. Gamma(p1:3). Gamma(p1:5) 5. Quantity: Gamma(p1:1). Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Modal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2. Click the Close button 8. New Traces Window: 1. Click the New Report button 7. Gamma(p1:4).6.5-17 . Function: im 6. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.

if we only needed to simulate up to 10 GHz. Therefore. we wouldn’t need to size our port any different. then we need to resize our port to eliminate the higher order propagating modes. The second modes starts propagating at ~14 GHz. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. The last part of the exercise will explore this.5 Example – Wave Ports Create Reports Discussion What does this plot tell us? Given the physical size of the wave port object that we created. if we need to simulate up to 50 GHz.6.5-18 . however. the fundamental mode (p2:1) is a quasi-TEM mode that propagates from DC on up. This also shows that higher order modes can propagate (β>0) at a high enough frequency.

To display the Mode field patterns in the modeler: 1. but a TE10-like waveguide mode. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. From within the project manager. and select Mode 2 1.5 Example – Wave Ports Field Pattern Plots It might be illuminating to look at the field patterns at the port to discover which modes are excited. Mode 2 is clearly not a microstrip mode. expand the section Port Field Display 2.5-19 . From the plot below. Expand p1. The field pattern will be overlaid on the 3D model.6.

Click the OK button 2. Add/Edit Sweep Dialog 1.5 Example – Wave Ports Optimetrics Setup – Parametric Sweep Add a Parametric Sweep 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Variable: Port_Width 2. Start: 200mil 4. Click the Sweep Definitions tab: 1. Step: 100mil 6. Click the Add button 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Optimetrics Analysis > Add Parametric Setup Sweep Analysis Window: 1. 2. Click the Add >> button 7.5-20 . Stop: 600mil 5.6. Select Linear Step 3.

Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages. use the Message Manager. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2.5-21 . Right-click the mouse on ParametricSetup1 and choose Analyze Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. In an Ansoft HFSS window. Analyze To start the solution process: 1.5 Example – Wave Ports Save Project To save the project: 1.6. select the menu item File > Save. Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. Expand the Project Tree to display the items listed under Optimetrics 2.

Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Modal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2. Function: im 6. Category: Gamma 4. Quantity: Gamma(p1:2). Click the Close button 8. Port_Width To Create a report: 1. Click the New Report button 7. 5.6. Traces Window: 1. Frequency vs. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.5-22 . See next page for plot and discussion of results Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.5 Example – Wave Ports Create Reports Create Propagation Constant vs. Domain: Sweep 3.

Therefore. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6..5-23 . by properly sizing the wave port. i. the frequency at which the higher order mode starts to propagate increases.e. You probably shouldn’t even try as the higher order modes might represent real world effects. millimeter wavelengths. as you may not be able to make the ports small enough to eliminate these modes. You need to use caution if you are simulating very high frequencies.5 Example – Wave Ports Create Reports Discussion What does this plot tell us? This shows that as we decrease the width of the port.6. you can eliminate any higher order propagating modes if you believe that they do not exist.

X: PortWidth 4.6. 6.5-24 . Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6. Solution: Setup1: PortOnly 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Modal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2. Domain: Sweep 3. Port Width at a fixed frequency To Create a report: 1. Function: im 7. Category: Gamma 5.5 Example – Wave Ports Create Reports Create Propagation Constant vs. Click the New Report button 8. Traces Window: 1. Quantity: Gamma(p1:2).

6.5 Example – Wave Ports Create Reports End of Example Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 6.5-25 .

1 – Bandpass Filter Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide .Chapter 7.0 Chapter 7.0 – Filter Examples 7.

7. simulate. and analyze a bandpass filter using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment.50 GHz BW = 1 GHz The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Cylinders. Nominal Design: Fcenter = 1. Boxes Boolean Operations: Duplicate Around Axis Boundary/Excitation Ports: Wave Ports Analysis Sweep: Fast Frequency Results Cartesian plotting Fields Overlays 2D & 3D Field Plots Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Bandpass Filter This example is intended to show you how to create.1-1 .

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7. 1. Click HFSS 11. Click the Drawing tab Operation Data Entry Mode:: “Dialog" Edit property of new primitives: Checked 4. select Programs. Click the OK button Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. click the Microsoft Start button.7. and select the Ansoft. Click the Display tab Default Transparency: “0. To access Ansoft HFSS. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Launching Ansoft HFSS 1. Group Field Overlays by Type: Checked 2. Setting Tool Options Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked 2. 3. 2. HFSS 11 program group. Scalar Plot From: 0 To: 170 Steps: 17 3. Vector Plot From: 0 To: 350 Steps: 35 1. verify that the following tool options are set : Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 1. Click the OK button Select the menu item Tools > Options > Field Reporter Options.4” 3. 1.1-2 .

click On the Standard toolbar.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Opening a New Project In an Ansoft HFSS window. choose vacuum Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7. From the Project menu. Set Solution Type Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type Solution Type Window: Choose Driven Modal Click the OK button Set Model Units Select the menu item Modeler > Units Select Units: in Click the OK button Set Default Material Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.1-3 .7. or select the menu item File > New. select Insert HFSS Design.

Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Or press CTRL+D Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Create cavity Select the menu item Draw > Box In CreateBox dialog edit the Command and Attribute tabs as shown below. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.1-4 .7.

Click the OK button Fit the View with CTRL-D Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Create coax outer diameter From the Drawing Plane toolbar.1-5 .7. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder In CreateCylinder dialog edit the Command and Attribute tabs as shown below. change the active plane to YZ.

7. choose Select Select Definition Window: Type pec in the Search by Name field Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Define new default material Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.1-6 .

Click the OK button Fit the View with CTRL-D Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Create coax inner diameter From the Drawing Plane toolbar. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder In CreateCylinder dialog edit the Command and Attribute tabs as shown below.1-7 . change the active plane to YZ.7.

double click on the resulting object feedin2. In the model tree.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Create the coax feed probe with copy/paste Select the object feedin1 from the model tree.7. Double click on the command CreateCylinder In the Command tab change the Height to “-0. Type CTRL-C/CTRL-V to create a copy.1-8 . In the Attribute tab change the name to feedprobe1.15”. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7. In the model tree expand the feedprobe1 branch.

7. Click the OK button Fit the View with CTRL-D Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.1-9 .1 Example – Bandpass Filter Create first resonator Select the menu item Draw > Box In CreateBox dialog edit the Command and Attribute tabs as shown below.

1 Example – Bandpass Filter Create resonators l2. Label new resonators l2.1-10 . l3 and l4 Repeat the operation for resonator l1 three more times. l3 and l4 respectively Fit the view with CTRL-D l2 l3 l4 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.7.

Click the Next button 4. Wave Port: General Name: p1 Click the Next button 3. Wave Port: Modes Accept the default settings for modes. Wave Port: Post Processing Accept the default settings for post processing Click the Finish button Note the addition of the port definition to the project tree Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.7.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Create the Wave port Picking the port face: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port 2. Graphically select the outer face of the coax line at X=1.75in To assign the wave port excitation: 1.1-11 . Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces 2.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Create remainder of model with “DuplicateAroundAxis” Return Selection mode to “Object” 1. l3. Select the menu item Edit > Duplicate > Around Axis Axis: Z Angle: 180 Total Number: 2 Click the OK button Fit the view with CTRL-D Note the addition of the “p2” port definition to the project tree. l1.1-12 . l2. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. l4 Note: Use the Ctrl + Left mouse button to select multiple objects 2.7. Select Object Dialog. Select the objects named: feed1. Click the OK button To create rest of model: 1. feedpin1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Object To select objects to be duplicated: 1. feedprobe1. 1.

Note: The Perfect Conductors are displayed as the smetal boundary. toggle the Visibility check box for the boundaries you wish to display. Click the Close button when you are finished Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7. View > Visibility to hide all of the geometry objects.1-13 .7. From the Solver View of Boundaries.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Boundary Display To verify the boundary setup: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundary Display (Solver View) 2. This makes it easier to see the boundary 3. Note: Select the menu item. Note: The background (Perfect Conductor) is displayed as the outer boundary.

2. Click the OK button In the project tree right-click on “setup1” under the Analysis branch 1. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 1.4GHz Count: 513 Save Fields: Checked 3. Solution Setup Window: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup… 2.6GHz Stop: 2. Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep 1.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Setup an HFSS Driven Modal Analysis Creating a Solution Setup 1. Frequency Setup Type: Linear Count Start: 0.7. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.5GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 15 Maximum Delta S per Pass: 0.02 2. Sweep Type Pulldown: Fast 2.1-14 . Select “Add Frequency Sweep” Edit Sweep Window: 1.

Analyze To start the solution process: 1. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. 2. select the menu item File > Save As.1-15 . Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7. use the Message Manager.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Save Project To save the project: 1. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages.7. From the Save As window. In an Ansoft HFSS window. type the Filename: Filter_bpf 3.

1-16 . Click the Profile Tab. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data. 2.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Solution Data 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data… To view the Profile: 1. See below. set the Simulation to Setup1.7. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table. To view the Convergence: 1. Last Adaptive Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7. To view the Matrix Data: 1. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data.

1 Example – Bandpass Filter Create Reports Create S-parameter vs.p1) 5. Quantity: S(p1. Report > Rectangular Plot Edit Report Window: 1. 6. Frequency To Create a report: 1. Solution: Setup1 : Sweep1 2. Note: Use Ctrl key for multiple selection Function: dB Click New Report Click Close Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.7.p1) and S(p2. Category: S-parameters 4.1-17 . Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Modal Solution Data 2. 7. Domain: Sweep 3.

00 -30.7.00 1.40 1.60 Freq [GHz] 1.1-18 .p1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 -10.20 1.00 Y1 -40.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Ansoft Corporation 0.00 -60.40 Note new plot “XY Plot 1” in project tree Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.80 1.20 2.80 2.00 -20.00 XY Plot 1 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info dB(S(p1.p1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(S(p2.60 0.00 -70.00 2.00 -50.00 0.

1-19 .1 Example – Bandpass Filter Add a Separate Y-axis and Change Plot Scale In the Project tree left-click once on the branch HFSSDesign1 > Results > XY Plot 1 > dB(S(p2.7. In the Properties window in the Y-axis row click on Y1 and change to Y2 Double left click on a number of the resulting Y2 axis to the right side of XY Plot 1 Edit the Scaling tab as shown Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.p1)).

00 2.40 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.00 -0.p1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(S(p2.00 -0.60 Freq [GHz] 1.00 -0.80 2.40 dB(S(p1.80 -50.00 -0.1-20 .00 1.p1)) -30.00 -0.00 Curve Info dB(S(p1.00 0.60 -1.20 2.50 -0.p1)) dB(S(p2.10 -10.40 1.30 -20.7.20 1.20 -0.00 -0.70 -0.80 1.60 -40.90 -60.00 0.p1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 S-params HFSSDesign1 0.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Rename Plot In the Project tree right-click on the branch HFSSDesign1 > Results > XY Plot 1 Select Rename Change name to S-params <return> Ansoft Corporation 0.

1-21 .1 Example – Bandpass Filter Field Overlays In the Model tree select the branch Planes > Global:XY Move the mouse pointer into the model window Right-click and select Plot Fields > E > Mag_E Click Done Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.7.

1-22 .7. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 7.1 Example – Bandpass Filter Rescale and Animate Field Overlay In the model window right-click on the color scale and select Modify Edit the Scale tab as shown In the project tree right-click in the branch HFSSDesign1 > Field Overlays > E-field > Mag_E1 and select Animate Click the OK button.

0 Chapter 8.2b – Segmented Return Path TDR (Ansoft Designer) 8.0 – Signal Integrity Examples 8.3 – Non-Ideal Planes 8.2a – Segmented Return Path 8.1a – LVDS Differential Pair Includes Optimetrics Example 8.1b – LVDS Differential Pair Transient Simulation (Ansoft Designer) 8.Chapter 8.4 – Return Path Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide .

The LVDS is used for multi-point communications and uses a bus similar to system show below. Low Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS) technology is used for highperformance backplanes.8. and analyze a differential pair using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment. simulate.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair LVDS Differential Pair This differential pair example is intended to show you how to create.7mil Length: 1000mil Substrate: Thickness=26mil εr= 4. Nominal Design: LAYER 1 (TOP SIDE) LAYER 2 (SIGNAL 1) LAYER 3 (BOTTOM SIDE) Traces: Width= 6mil 26mil Spacing= 18mil Thickness=0. The following illustrations detail the passive device you will be creating.4 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.1a-1 .

Rectangles Boolean Operations: Duplicate Along Line.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Ansoft HFSS Design Environment The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model.1a-2 .8. 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Box. Sweep Along Vector Boundaries/Excitations Ports: Wave Ports Analysis Sweep: Interpolating Results Cartesian and Smith Chart plotting Field Overlays 3D Field Plots Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

In addition. Trace Length Since we are modeling a uniform transmission line.1a-3 . lets use 5x and add the pair spacing(18mils) for a total port/model width of 220mils.7mils Port Size= ??? Port Width From the Using Ports section. If we need to investigate the effects of copper. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Instead. Lets reduce the model to 100 mils and use de-embedding to add the extra length. we will utilize the background (Perfect Conductor) boundary. This will speed up the simulation. Ground Planes Since we are ignoring the metal conductivity. we do not need to create objects for the ground planes. lets make an engineering assumption that the material properties are constant over frequency. a finite conductivity boundary condition can be used to simulate the copper ground planes. Material Properties To start with. As an additional exercise. the port width should be at least 3-5 times the stackup(78-130mils). we do not need to simulate the 1000mils length. the model can be modified to include frequency dependent materials and lossy conductors.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Design Review Before we jump into setting up this device lets review the design. Trace Width = 6mils Trace Length= 1000mils Dielectric Height= 13mils x 2 1/2oz copper Traces/Grounds= 0. Since the traces are not centered. we will assume that the modeling the traces as perfect conductors will not have an impact on the performance of the device.8.

or the knee frequency.5/tr.01GHz Single(Adaptive) Frequency: 8.01GHz Frequency Spacing: 0.02 Sweep Type: Interpolating Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.8.0GHz Lower Frequency: 0.0GHz Adaptive Passes: 10 Delta S: 0. the frequency range of interest is going to be determined by the rise-time(tr) of the input signal.58GHz or 8. The maximum frequency is calculated by taking 0. and multiplying it by the number of samples per tr. The minimum frequency should be selected as close to DC as possible. The following values will be used for the Solution Setup Rise-Time(tr): 330ps Number of Samples: 5 Upper Frequency: (0.5/330ps)*5 ~ 7.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Solution Setup Since we are going to use the model for SPICE simulation.1a-4 .

Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked Auto-assign terminals on ports:: Checked 2. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2.8.1a-5 . Modeler Options Window: 1. Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2. verify that the following tool options are set : 1. 4. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. and select the Ansoft. Click HFSS 11. To access Ansoft HFSS. select Programs. HFSS Options Window: 1.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1. click the Microsoft Start button. HFSS 11 program group. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. Click the OK button 3.

click the On the Standard toolbar.1a-6 . Choose Driven Terminal 2. Solution Type Window: 1. select Insert HFSS Design. In an Ansoft HFSS window.8. From the Project menu.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. or select the menu item File > New. 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1.

Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2. Set Model Units: 1.1a-7 . Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Select Definition Window: 1. Type pec in the Search by Name field 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. choose Select 2. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.8.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1. Select Units: mil 2.

type: 0. Click the OK button 3.0. type: W. S/2.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Trace 1 To create trace 1: 1. dY: 6.Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Click the OK button To set the name: 1. For YSize. Press the Enter key 3. Z: -0.8.0mil.35mil. Press the Enter key To parameterize the object: 1. For Position.0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the box position X: 0. Click the OK button To fit the view: Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.1a-8 . Y: 9. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. For the Value of Name type: trace1 3. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 100. Click the Tab key to accept Add Variable W: 6mil.35.7. -0. Click the Tab key to accept Add Variable S: 18mil. 2. dZ: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the Command tab from the Properties window 2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.0.

0. dZ: 0. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible.0.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Trace 2 To create trace 2: 1. Click the OK button 4. Y: 0. select the object named trace1_1 3. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Z: 0. Press the Enter key 2. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Click the Done button To fit the view: 1. 2. Or press the CTRL+A key.8. dY: -1. Select the menu item HFSS > List 2.0. From the Model tab. 1. Click the Properties button 1. Input the target point of the vector normal to the mirror plane: dX: 0. Select the menu item.1a-9 . Input the anchor point of the mirror plane: X: 0. For the Value of Name type: trace2 2.0.0.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: Use the Attribute tab from the properties window Or 1. Edit > Duplicate > Mirror.

click the Add Material button 3. Material Name: My_FR4 2.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Add New Material To add a new material: 1.8.4 3. choose Select 2. Click the OK button 4. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. View/Edit Material Window: 1. From the Select Definition window.1a-10 . Relative Permittivity: 4. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

Select the menu item Draw > Box 2.0. Transparency=1) 2. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.0. Move the slide bar to 0.0.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. dZ: 26. Using the coordinate entry fields.8 (Opaque=0. 2. Or press the CTRL+D key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Substrate To create substrate: 1. enter the box position X: 0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Press the Enter key 3. Z: -13. Click the OK button 3. 2. dY: 200. Y: -100.0.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Click the button for Transparency 1. For the Value of Name type: substrate To set the transparency: 1.8. Using the coordinate entry fields.1a-11 . enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 100.

0. For the Value of Name type: Port2 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Using the coordinate entry fields. Z: -13. Click the OK button 5. enter the first point of the duplicate vector X: 0. 1. Press the Enter key 3. 2. enter the rectangle position X: 0. Edit > Duplicate > Along Line 2. Select Object Dialog. Select the objects named: Port1 2. Z: 0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2.0. dZ: 26. Select the menu item.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: 0. Y: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. dY: 0. Press the Enter key 3. Click the OK button To select the object Port1: 1. 6.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Wave Port Excitation To set grid plane Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > YZ To create a rectangle that represents the port: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Duplicate Along Line Windows 1.0.0. Y: -100. For the Value of Name type: Port1 3. enter the second point of the duplicate vector dX: 100. Press the Enter key 4. dY: 200.0. Click the OK button Note: You can also select the object from the Model Tree To duplicate the object Port1: 1.0.0.0.0. Total Number: 2 2.0. enter the opposite corner of the rectangle: dX: 0.8.1a-12 .

The wave port and terminals are automatically assigned. a window appears and click OK. • Change the name in the Properties window: P1 Set Differential pairs • Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Differential pairs • Click the New Pair button • Click OK Repeat the above steps to assign an excitation for the object Port2 and set the excitation name as P2 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.1a-13 . Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port. Note: Reference Conductors are not shown because we are using the Outer boundary condition as the Reference Conductor Set the name for excitations: • Expand the Excitations in Project Manager • Click on WavePort1.8.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Wave Port Excitation (Continued) Select the object Port1.

From the Project Manager.1a-14 . Deembed Distance: -900mil (Positive Values are into the Port) 2. select the excitation named P2 2.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Wave Port Excitation (Continued) To set deembedding: 1.8. Deembed: Checked Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. In the Properties window: 1.

1a-15 . Click the Close button when you are finished. Note: Select the menu item. Note: The background (Perfect Conductor) is displayed as the outer boundary. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundary Display (Solver View) 2. From the Solver View of Boundaries.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Boundary Display To verify the boundary setup: 1. Note: The Perfect Conductors are displayed as the smetal boundary. toggle the Visibility check box for the boundaries you wish to display. View > Visibility to hide all of the geometry objects. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. This makes it easier to see the boundary 3.8.

Edit Sweep Window: 1. Click the OK button 8.1a-16 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide . Frequency Setup: Type: Linear Step Start: 0. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 8.001 GHz 5.02 2. Click the Options tab: Do Lambda Refinement: Checked Lambda Target: Use Default Value: Checked Order of bases function: Zero order. Extrapolate to DC: Checked Minimum Solve Frequency: 0. Interpolating Sweep Options: Max Solutions: 50 Error Tolerance: 0.5% 4. Solution Setup Window: 1.01GHz 3.0GHz Step: 0.8.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1.0GHz Stop: 8. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2. Click the OK button 2.0GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 20 Maximum Delta S: 0. 3. Sweep Type: Interpolating 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Frequency Sweep 1.

In an Ansoft HFSS window. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze Or click the icon on the tool bar. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages.8.1a-17 . select the menu item File > Save As. type the Filename: hfss_lvds_diffpair 3. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Save Project To save the project: 1. From the Save As window. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. 2. see the Message Manager.

Last Adaptive 2.1a-18 . To view the Matrix Data: 1. To view the Convergence: 1.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Click the Profile Tab. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table.8. set the Simulation to Setup1. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data.

Context Window: 1.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Reports Create Differential Pair S-Parameter Plot To create a report: 1.00 8.00 0.00 Y1 -60.1a-19 .00 C Info urve dB(St(D iff1)) iff1. St(Diff1. Diff2) 3.00 3.00 2. Category: Terminal S Parameters 2.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.00 dB(St(D om 1)) iff1.D Setup1 : Sweep1 -100.8. St(Diff1.00 6. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2. Function: dB 4.C m Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(St(D iff3)) iff1. Quantity: St(Diff1.00 7. Domain: Sweep 3.00 -40.00 1.Comm1).00 4.00 Freq [G Hz] 5. Click the Close button Ansoft C orporation XYPlot 1 H FSSD esign1 0.D Setup1 : Sweep1 -80. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.Diff1).00 -20. Trace Window 1. Click the New Report button 5.

Click the Save button 4.Click the Matrix Data Tab 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Data Table 2. 1. Sweep1 3. Zot(Comm1.Simulation: Setup1.Export S-parameters to a file To view the Matrix Data: 1. Quantity: Zot(Diff1.Save as Type: Touchstone 3. 2.Click the Export button. Trace Window 1. Category: Terminal Port Zo 2.Diff1).1a-20 .Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data. Context Window: Solution: Setup1: LastAdaptive 3.Click the OK button to accept 50 ohm reference impedance 4.8.Filename: hfss_lvds_diffpair 2.Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Differential and Common Pair Impedances Data Table To create a report: 1. Function: mag 4.Comm1) 3. Click the New Report button Matrix Data .Solution Data dialog 1.

Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Edit Sources 2.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Field Overlays Set Sources: Common To set the field excitation: 1.8. For Trace2_T2: Terminated: Checked 5. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Edit Sources Window: 1. For Trace2_T1: Scaling Factor: 1 3.1a-21 . For Trace1_T2: Terminated: Checked 4. For Trace1_T1: Use the default value 2.

Scale: Log 2. Select Use Limits 2. Quantity: Mag_E 3. Click the Scale tab 1. Min: 5 3. IsoValType: Fringe 2. click the Apply button. Select the objects named: Port1 2. Select Plot Folder Window. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Max: 10000 4. In Volume: All 4. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.1a-22 . 1. Click the Done button To modify the attributes of a field plot: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Modify Plot Attributes 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Plot Fields > E > Mag_E 4. Click the OK button 3.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Field Overlay To create a field plot: 1. E-Field Window: 1. Click the OK button 3.8. If real time mode is not checked. Create Field Plot Window 1. Select Object Dialog. Click the Plot tab 1. Solution: Setup1 : LastAdaptive 2.

Select the objects named: Port1 2. Click the Marker/Arrow tab 1. Select Object Dialog. Create Field Plot Window 1. In Volume: All 4. Map Size: Unchecked 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Plot Fields > E > Vector_E 4. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Modify Plot Attributes 2. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Quantity: Vector_E 3.1a-23 .1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Field Overlay (Cont. Arrow Tale: Unchecked Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Type: Cylinder 2. 1. Click the OK button 3. ) To create a field plot: 1.8. Click the Done button To modify the attributes of a field plot: 1. E-Field Window: 1. Select: E Field 2. Click the OK button 3. Select Plot Folder Window: 1. Solution: Setup1 : LastAdaptive 2.

For Trace2_T1: Offset Phase: 180 Deg.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Set Differential Mode Field Excitation To set the field excitation: 1. Click the OK button The field plots will automatically be updated to reflect the changes. 2. Edit Sources Window: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Edit Sources 2.8.1a-24 . Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

Ansoft HFSS with Optimetrics Parametric Sweep can automatically create these design curves. 2.8. We will parameterize this design using two variables: 1.1a-25 . it is common practice to develop design trends based on swept parameters. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Optimetrics Setup – Parametric Sweep During the design of a device. Variable W will vary the width of traces: 6 ≤ W ≤ 12 mils Variable S will vary the spacing between traces: 15 ≤ S ≤ 21 mils 6 ≤ W ≤ 12 mils 15 ≤ S ≤ 21 mils W S In the post processor you will able to display results and see how Differential impedance changes with the respect to trace width and spacing between traces.

Variable: W 8. Click the Add >> button 13. Variable: S 2. Select Linear Count 3. Start: 6mil 10. Add/Edit Sweep Dialog 1. Start: 15mil 4. Click the Sweep Definitions tab: 1. Save Fields And Mesh: Checked 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Optimetrics Analysis > Add Parametric Setup Sweep Analysis Window: 1. Count: 3 6. Click the OK button 2. Stop: 21mil 5. Click the Add >> button 7. 2. Select Linear Count 9. Count: 3 12. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Optimetrics Setup – Parametric Sweep Add a Parametric Sweep 1. Click on the Options tab: 1. Click the Add button 2.1a-26 . Stop: 12mil 11.8.

Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages.8.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Save Project To save the project: 1. Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. Right-click the mouse on ParametricSetup1 and choose Analyze Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. use the Message Manager. Expand the Project Tree to display the items listed under Optimetrics 2.1a-27 . select the menu item File > Save. In an Ansoft HFSS window.

Click the Close button Ansoft Corporation 120. X: S 2.Diff1 Setup1 : LastAdaptive Freq='8GHz' W='9m il' m ag(Zot(Diff1.00 20.1a-28 .Diff1 Setup1 : LastAdaptive Freq='8GHz' W='6m il' m ag(Zot(Diff1.8.00 18.00 40.00 21.Diff1).00 20.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.00 m ag(Zot(Com 1. Trace Window 1.C m Setup1 : LastAdaptive Freq='8GHz' W='6m il' 80. Context Window: 1.00 16. Category: Terminal Port Zo 3.C m Setup1 : LastAdaptive Freq='8GHz' W='12m il' m ag(Zot(Diff1. Quantity: Zot(Diff1. Function: Mag 5.00 S [mil] 19.C m Setup1 : LastAdaptive Freq='8GHz' W='9m il' m ag(Zot(Com 1.00 XY Plot 3 HFSSDesign1 100. Click the New Report button 6.00 Curve Info m ag(Zot(Com 1.Comm1) 4. Zot(Comm1.1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Reports Create Terminal Port Zo vs S To Create a report: 1. Solution: Setup1: LastAdaptive 3.00 17.Diff1 Setup1 : LastAdaptive Freq='8GHz' W='12m il' Y1 60.00 15.00 0. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.

8. Exiting HFSS To Exit HFSS: 1.1a-29 .1a Example – LVDS Differential Pair Field Overlays Create Field Plot vs S Using the project tree. select the menu item File > Save. Select the menu item File > Exit 1. Double Click on Mag_E1 to make the field plot visible Right-Click on Mag_E1 and select Animate Setup Animation Swept Variable: S Click the OK button The Animation dialog will appear. In an Ansoft HFSS window. If prompted Save the changes Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. expand the Field Overlay. Save Project To save the project: 1. E Field.

and select the Designer program group. select Programs. click the On the Standard toolbar. If we did.1b Example – LVDS Differential Pair Ansoft Designer – Transient Simulation Launching Ansoft Designer 1. 3. or select the menu item File > New. Click None button when prompted for Choose Layout Technology. Click Ansoft Designer. Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1.1b-1 . To access Ansoft Designer. In an Ansoft Designer window. then it is recommended to choose a stack up from the list or create your own. Note: In this example we are not creating a layout or using components such as transmission lines that require substrate or stack up information. 2. From the Project menu. Project Manager Window Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.8. click the Microsoft Start button. select Insert Circuit Design.

Click the browse button to locate and select your Touchstone file: hfss_lvds_diffpair. Select the menu item Draw > N-Port or click the toolbar button. Click the Ok button Browse button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. 2.8.1b-2 . In the N-port data window. Select the Link to file radial button 2. Click the Open button 3. 1.1b Example – LVDS Differential Pair Creating the Circuit V + 0V Vpos 50 Vin1 V 1 Vin2 2 3 4 Vout1 Vdiff + V 50 0V Vneg V Vout2 100 V + Component Placement Importing S-parameters 1.s4p 3.

1b Example – LVDS Differential Pair Component Placement – continued 1. 1 2 3 4 Placing Resistors. Voltage Sources.8. and Search Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. single click with the left mouse button in the middle of the screen. Components. Resistors : Expand Lumped -> Resistors Voltage Sources: Expand Sources -> Independent Sources Voltage probes: Expand Probes Tabs for Project. To place the new component. Click the Components tab in the Project Manager window.1b-3 . and Voltage Probes 1.

Change the value from 100 to 50. you can left mouse button click on the resistor to bring up the Properties window (shown below) and change the value from 100 to 50.8. (You can also end the placement by pressing the space bar) Note: Before placing a component on the schematic use the R key to rotate. Right mouse click the component and then select Properties in the pull down menu 2. click the right mouse button and select Finish.1b Example – LVDS Differential Pair Component Placement – continued Place 3 Resistors in the schematic 1. then hit Enter Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide . 3. To end the placement.1b-4 4 50 Change the value of the resistors 1. under Lumped -> Resistors. If a component is already placed. 50 1 2 3 100 8. In the Components Tab. then hit Enter Note: alternatively. double click Resistors 2. use the <ctrl> R key to rotate. Click the left mouse button 3 times to place 3 resistors in the schematic.

In the Properties Window. In the Components Tab. 2.8. click Edit 2. For Type.1b Example – LVDS Differential Pair Component Placement – continued Place Piecewise Linear Source 1. For Name type Vpos 3. double click on Voltage Source. Press the space bar to finish the placement + 0V 50 1 2 3 100 8. choose Piecewise Linear 4. Left mouse click to place the source in the schematic 3. under Sources -> Independent Sources.1b-5 4 50 Source Selection dialog 1. Click on the Waveform List Box (which is the unmarked column in between Unit and Description as shown below) Waveform List Box Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide .

Click on the Radial button next to Enter time/value points. Enter two points: Time Value 0 0 330ps 1V Note: make sure you hit Enter after typing values 1. Click OK to exit out of Source Selection Adding Second Source 1. The data points to: Time Value 0 0 330ps -1V + 0V 50 1 2 3 100 8. type Vneg 2.1b Example – LVDS Differential Pair Component Placement – continued Piece-wise Waveform List dialog 1. For Name. Repeat the same steps as adding the first source except change: 1. 2.8. Click OK to finish 2.1b-6 4 + 0V 50 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide .

Vout1. 3. Place 2 ground connections on the ends of the voltage sources Adding Voltage Probes 1.1b Example – LVDS Differential Pair Component Placement – continued Adding Wiring to connect components 1. Drag the mouse to the connection node and left mouse click once. Place a Voltage Probe w/Ref. Repeat this procedure until the connections below are made Adding Ground Connections 1. Vin2. Vout2. Select the menu item Draw -> Wire 2. Select the menu item Draw > Ground (alternatively you can select the toolbar icon) 2. 4. Place the cursor (which is now an X) over a node and left mouse click once 3. Place 4 Voltage Probes and name them Vin1. 2.1b-7 . In the Components tab.8. expand the Probes. Node across the 100 Ohm resistor and name it Vdiff V + 0V Vpos 50 Vin1 V 1 Vin2 2 3 4 Vout1 Vdiff + V 50 0V Vneg V Vout2 100 V + Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

1b-8 .1b Example – LVDS Differential Pair Save Project To save the project: 1. For Analysis Type. Analysis Control 1. Analysis Setup Window: 1. Select the menu item Circuit -> Add Solution Setup 3. In an Ansoft HFSS window. type the Filename: lvds_diffpair_transient 3. From the Save As window. Maximum Time Step Allowed: 1ps 4. Click Next 3. choose Transient Analysis 2. Click the Save button Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1.01GHz 5. Length of Analysis: 2ns 2. Convolution Control 1.8. Delta Frequency: 0. select the menu item File > Save As. In the Project Manager window. Click Finish 4. click the Project tab 2. 2. Select the menu item Circuit -> Analyze Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Maximum Sampling Frequency: 8GHz 2.

Display Type: Rectangular Plot 3. V(VPRB:Vout2). V(VPRB:Vout1). Quantity: V(VPRB:Vin1). Category: Voltage 2. V(VPRB:Vin2).8.1b Example – LVDS Differential Pair Create Reports Plot Input. 5. Click the OK button 3. Output and Difference waveforms To create a report: 1. 4. V(VPRB:Diff) 3. Traces Window: 1. Create Report Window: 1. Report Type: Standard 2. Select the menu item Circuit -> Create Report 2.1b-9 . Function: <none> Click the Add Trace button Click the Done button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

2cm Termination: 47Ω Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.4 cm 1 cm 1 cm 3mm 8 mm 4 cm 6 cm LAYER 1 (SIGNAL 1) 1. simulate. and analyze a trace over a slot in the ground plant using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment.3mm εr= 4. 5 cm 6 mm 3.5 Trace: Length= 8.8.3mm LAYER 2 (BOTTOM SIDE) Nominal Design: Board: Thickness= 1.2a Segmented Return Path This example is intended to show you how to create.2a -1 .

8.2a

Ansoft HFSS Design Environment
The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Box, Rectangles Boolean Operations: Subtract Boundaries/Excitations Ports: Lumped Port Boundary Conditions: Lumped RLC, PML Analysis Sweep: Interpolating Sweep Results Cartesian and Smith Chart plotting Field Overlays Magnitude and Vector Field Plotting Animation

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -2

8.2a

Design Review
Before we jump into setting up this device lets review the design. Trace Width = 3mm Trace Length= 8.2cm Dielectric Height= 1.3mm Port Size/Type= ??? Free Space= PML or Radiation Boundary Port Size/Type Since the trace is internal to the model, let’s use a lumped gap source port Trace Thickness/Material Properties To start let’s make an engineering assumption that the trace thickness and conductivity will not have an impact on the performance of the device. This will speed up the simulation. Free Space We should expect some radiation to occur because of the slot in the ground, however, it should not be very strong. Because there is limited radiation the separation from the device and the free-space boundary can be kept to a minimum. The incidence angle of the radiation is unknown, therefore we should use a PML. The maximum spacing will be ~λ/20 @ 1GHz or about 1.5cm

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -3

8.2a

Getting Started
Launching Ansoft HFSS
1.

To access Ansoft HFSS, click the Microsoft Start button, select Programs, and select the Ansoft, HFSS 11 program group. Click HFSS 11.

Setting Tool Options
To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example, verify that the following tool options are set : 1. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2. HFSS Options Window: 1. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked Auto-assign terminals on ports:: Checked 2. Click the OK button 3. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. 4. Modeler Options Window: 1. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -4

8.2a

Opening a New Project
To open a new project: 1. In an Ansoft HFSS window, click the On the Standard toolbar, or select the menu item File > New. 2. From the Project menu, select Insert HFSS Design.

Set Solution Type
To set the solution type: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. Solution Type Window: 1. Choose Driven Terminal 2. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -5

8.2a

Creating the 3D Model
Set Model Units
To set the units: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2. Set Model Units: 1. Select Units: cm 2. Click the OK button

Set Default Material
To set the default material: 1. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar, choose Select 2. Select Definition Window: 1. Click the Add Material button 2. View/Edit Material Window: 1. For the Material Name type: My_FR4 2. For the Value of Relative Permittivity type: 4.5 3. Click the OK button 3. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -6

8.2a

Create Board
To create the board: 1. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the box position X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 6.0, dY: 10.0, dZ: -1.3mm, Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2. For the Value of Name type: Board 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Or press the CTRL+D key

Create Ground
To create ground: 1. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the box position X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: -1.3mm, Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 6.0, dY: 10.0, dZ: 0.0, Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2. For the Value of Name type: Ground 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -7

8.2a

Create Offset Coordinate System
To create an offset Coordinate System: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Create >

Relative CS > Offset
2.

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the origin X: 0.0, Y: 5.0, Z: -1.3mm, Press the Enter key

Create Ground Cut Out
To create cut out: 1. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the box position X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 4.0, dY: 6.0mm, dZ: 0.0, Press the Enter key Select Ground & Rectangle1: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select Object Dialog, 1. Select the objects named: Ground, Rectangle1 2. Click the OK button To complete the ground object: 1. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Boolean > Subtract 2. Subtract Window Blank Parts: Ground Tool Parts: Rectangle1 Clone tool objects before subtract: Unchecked Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -8

8.2a

Assign a Perfect E boundary to the Ground
To select the ground: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select Object Dialog, 1. Select the objects named: Ground 2. Click the OK button To assign the Perfect E boundary 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Perfect E 2. Perfect E Boundary window 1. Name: PerfE_Ground 2. Click the OK button

Set Working Coordinate System
To set the working coordinate system: 1. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Coordinate System > Set Working CS 2. Select Coordinate System Window, 1. From the list, select the CS: Global 2. Click the Select button

Create Offset Coordinate System
To create an offset Coordinate System: 1. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Coordinate System > Create >

Relative CS > Offset
2.

Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the origin X: 1.0, Y: 8.0mm, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -9

8.2a

Create Trace
To create trace: 1. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the box position X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 3.0mm, dY: 8.2, dZ: 0.0, Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2. For the Value of Name type: Trace 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.

Assign a Perfect E boundary to the Trace
To select the trace: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select Object Dialog, 1. Select the objects named: Trace 2. Click the OK button To assign the Perfect E boundary 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Perfect E 2. Perfect E Boundary window 1. Name: PerfE_Trace 2. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -10

8.2a

Set Grid Plane
Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > XZ

Create Source
To create source: 1. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the box position X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 3.0mm, dY: 0.0, dZ: -1.3mm, Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2. For the Value of Name type: Source 3. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -11

8.2a

Assign Excitation
To select the object Source: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select Object Dialog, 1. Select the objects named: Source 2. Click the OK button Note: You can also select the object from the Model Tree To assign lumped port excitation 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Lumped Port 2. Conducting Object: Trace 3. Reference Conductors: Ground 4. Click OK Set the name for excitations: 1. Expand the Excitations in Project Manager 2. Click on LumpPort1. 3. Change the Name in the Properties window: p1

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.2a -12

enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 3. dY: 0. enter the origin X: 0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.2. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. enter the box position X: 0. Y: 8.0. Z: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields.3mm. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative CS > Offset 2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: 0. Press the Enter key 3. 2. dZ: -1. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. Z: 0.0.0mm. Press the Enter key Create Resistor To create source: 1.2a -13 .2a Create Offset Coordinate System 1.0.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. For the Value of Name type: Resistor 3.8.0.0.

1. Press the Enter key 7.8.Select the objects named: Resistor 2.2a Assign Lumped RLC To select the object Resistor: 1. dY: 0.0.Click the OK button To assign lumped RLC boundary 1.Resistance: Checked 3.3mm.Select Object Dialog.2a -14 . click Undefined and select New Line 5.0.Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: 1. Press the Enter key 6.Name: R.Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. enter the vector position X: 1. Y: 0. enter the vertex dX: 0.0.Using the coordinate entry fields.Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries> Assign > Lumped RLC 2.Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.Resistance: 47 Ohm 4.3mm.Lumped RLC Boundary 1.5mm.For Current Flow Line. Z: -1. 2.

From the list. Using the coordinate entry fields.5. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.5.8.5. Y: -1. Select Coordinate System Window. Click the Select button Create Air To set the default material as Air Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.2a Set Working Coordinate System To set the working coordinate system: 1. For the Value of Name type: Air 3. Press the Enter key 3.0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. choose vacuum To create the air: 1. dZ: 3.0. enter the box position X: -1. dY: 13. Z: -1. select the CS: Global 2. 1. 2.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Set Working CS 2.2a -15 . Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 9. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.

Select the menu item Edit > Select by name 3. Create joining corner and edge objects: Checked 4. Min Frequency: 0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces 2. Radiation distance: 56. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > PML Setup Wizard 2. Click the OK button To assign the PML boundary 1. 3. Uniform Layer Thickness: 1cm 3. Review settings on the PML Setup Wizard: Summary page. Click the Next button 3. PML Setup Wizard: Cover Objects 1. PML Setup Wizard: Material Parameters 1.2a Assign a Perfectly Matched Layer (PML) To select the air: 1. Select: PML Objects accept Free Radiation 1. Click the Finish button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.2a -16 .33mm 3. Object Name: Air 1. Click the Next button 2. FaceID: <Select All> 2.8. Select: Create PML Cover Objects on Selected Faces 2.01 GHz 2.

Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces 2. Phi: (Start: 0.8. FaceID: <Select All> 3. Stop: 180. Stop: 360. Select the menu item Modeler > List > Create > Face List Create a Radiation Setup 1. Select the objects named: Air 2. we need to create a face list that will be used for the radiation calculation. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 3. Name: Radiation 2. Select Object Dialog. Theta: (Start: -180. 1. Step Size: 2) 4. To create a face list 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Radiation > Insert Far Field Setup > Infinite Sphere 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.2a Create a Face List Since we are using the PML. Far Field Radiation Sphere Setup dialog Infinite Sphere Tab 1. Click the OK button 4. Step Size: 10) 3.2a -17 .

Select the menu item HFSS > Boundary Display (Solver View) From the Solver View of Boundaries. Note: The Perfect Conductors are displayed as the smetal boundary.2a -18 . Note: The background (Perfect Conductor) is displayed as the outer boundary. Note: Select the menu item. 3. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.2a Boundary Display 1. 2. This makes it easier to see the boundary Click the Close button when you are finished. View > Visibility to hide all of the geometry objects. toggle the Visibility check box for the boundaries you wish to display.8.

Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2.2a -19 . Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Frequency Sweep 1. Extrapolate to DC: Checked Minimum Solve Frequency: 0.8. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Interpolating Sweep Options: Max Solutions: 20 Error Tolerance: 0.001 GHz 5.5GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 20 Maximum Delta S: 0. Sweep Type: Interpolating 2.01GHz 3. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2. Solution Setup Window: 1. Click the OK button 2.0GHz Stop: 2. Frequency Setup: Type: Linear Step Start: 0.5% 4.02 2.5GHz Step: 0. Edit Sweep Window: 1. Click the Options tab: Do Lambda Refinement: Checked Lambda Target: Use Default Value Checked Order of Basis function: Zero-Order Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1.2a Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 2.

2a Save Project To save the project: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. 2. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. select the menu item File > Save As. From the Save As window. type the Filename: hfss_seg_gplane 3.2a -20 . Analyze To start the solution process: 1. use the Message Manager.8. In an Ansoft HFSS window. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages.

2a -21 . To view the Convergence: 1. Click the Profile Tab.8. Last Adaptive 2. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data.2a Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. set the Simulation to Setup1. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. To view the Matrix Data: 1. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table.

00 -1.Trace_T1)) -0. Quantity: St(Trace_T1.Trace_T1)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass -0. Context Window: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.2a Create Reports Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot vs.40 1. Click the New Report button 5. Adaptive Pass Note: If this report is created prior or during the solution process. Trace Window 1.00 10.80 dB(St(Trace_T1.70 -0. Function: dB 4.00 2.00 9.00 3.00 5. Category: Terminal S Parameters 2. Trace_T1) 3.8. Click the Close button Ansoft Corporation -0.2a -22 .90 -1.60 XY Plot 4 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info dB(St(Trace_T1.00 Pass 6.20 -1.00 8. Solution: Setup1: AdaptivePass 3.00 4.30 -1. a real-time update of the results are displayed To create a report: 1.00 7.10 -1.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

00 400.00 -100.00 0.00 -150.00 50. Function: Re. Im 4. To add an additional Y-Axis for im(Z(p1.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Context Window: 1.2a -23 . Click the Close button 4. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.8.50 1.Trace_T1)) 150.00 Freq [GHz] 1.2a Create Z-Parameter Plot – Real/Imaginary Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.00 Curve Info re(Zt(Trace_T1.50 2.00 100.Trace_T1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 200.00 2.00 XY Plot 5 HFSSDesign1 250.00 200.00 50. In the Properties window: Select Y1 in Y Axis column and toggle it to Y2 1.Trace_T1) 3. Category: Terminal Z Parameter 2. Quantity: Zt(Trace_T1. Click Im(Z) in Project Manager 2. Domain: Sweep 3.00 0. Ansoft Corporation 450.00 100.00 im(Zt(Trace_T1.00 250. Click the New Report button 5. Trace Window 1.00 0.00 re(Zt(Trace_T1.Trace_T1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 im (Zt(Trace_T1.00 150.Trace_T1)) 300.00 0.00 350.00 -50.50 -200.p1)) 1.

Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Smith Chart Context Window: 1. Trace_T1) 3.2a Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot – Smith Chart 1. Function: <none> 4. 2.2a -24 .8. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 Trace Window 1. Click the New Report button 5. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. 3. Category: Terminal S Parameters 2. Quantity: St(Trace_T1.

Simulation: Setup1. Click the Save button 4. Filename: hfss_seg_gplane 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data. 1. Click the Matrix Data Tab 2.8. Click the OK button to accept 50ohm reference impedance 4. Save as Type: Touchstone 3. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.Export S-parameters to a file To view the Matrix Data: 1.2a -25 . Click the Export button. 2. Sweep1 3. Solution Data dialog 1.2a Matrix Data .

Click the New Report button 5. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Far Fields Report >3D Polar Plot 2. Geometry: Radiation Traces Window: 1. Quantity: rETotal 3. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. 3. Context Window: 1.2a -26 . Category: rE 2. Solution: Setup1: LastAdaptive 2.8.2a Create 3D Polar Far Field Plot To create a 3D Far Field Plot 1. Function: dB 4.

In Volume: All 4. Solution: Setup1 : LastAdaptive 2. Click the Scale tab 1. Create Field Plot Window 1. Click the OK button 3. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Modify Plot Attributes 2. Quantity: Mag_E 3. Confirm you are in Object Select mode by right-clicking in the geometry window. 1. Select the objects named: Board 2. Scalar Plot: IsoValSurface 2. Select Plot Folder Window: 1. Click the Done button To modify a Magnitude field plot: 1. Min: 1 3. 2. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Select: E Field 2.2a Field Overlays Create Field Overlay To create a field plot: 1.2a -27 . Select Object Dialog. Click the Plots Tab 1. E-Field Window: 1. Scale: Log 2. Click the OK button 4. and selecting from context menu if necessary. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Plot Fields > E > Mag_E 5.8. Select Use Limits 2. Max: 4500 4.

in the Arrow Option window 1. Poynting Window: 1. Click the Done button To modify the attributes of a field plot: 1. Click the Scale tab 1. click the Apply button. Click the Close button 4.2a Create Field Overlay To create a field plot: 1. If prompted Save the changes Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Map Size: Unchecked 3. Arrow Tale: Unchecked 4. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Modify Plot Attributes 2. Click the Marker/Arrow tab.01 3. If real time mode is not checked. Select Use Limits 2. Select the objects named: Ground 2.8. Type: Cylinder 2. 1. Min: 0. Max: 2500 4. Click the OK button 3. Select: Poynting 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Plot Fields > Other > Vector_RealPoynting Create Field Plot Window 1. Select Plot Folder Window: 1. In Volume: All 4. Solution: Setup1 : LastAdaptive 2. Exiting HFSS To Exit HFSS: Select the menu item File > Exit Or click 1. Select Object Dialog. 4. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Quantity: Vector_RealPoynting 3. Click the OK button 3.2a -28 . Scale: Log 2.

8.2a -29 .2a Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

1ns 4.00 1.2a -30 . Quantity: TDRZt(Trace_T1) 4.00 2.00 5. Input Signal: Step.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.00 TDRZt(Trace_T1) 55. Click the New Result button 6.00 6. Maximum Plot time: 6ns.00 40.00 0. Ansoft Corporation 70.00 60. Click OK Trace Window 1. Function: None 5. 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot Context Window: 1. Click the Close button 4.2a Create Z-Parameter Plot – Time Domain Response (TDR) 1. Category: Terminal TDR Impedance 3.00 XY Plot 7 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info TDRZt(Trace_T1) Setup1 : Sweep1 65. X: Time 2.00 50. Delta time: 0.8. Options Window appears: 1. 2.00 Time [ns] 4.00 45.00 3. 3. Rise time: 1ns 2. Domain: Time Click TDR Options. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.

3. In an Ansoft Designer window.2b Ansoft Designer – Transient Simulation Launching Ansoft Designer 1. Project Manager Window Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. From the Project menu. If we did. Click Ansoft Designer.8. or select the menu item File > New. To access Ansoft Designer. Click None button when prompted for Choose Layout Technology. select Insert Circuit Design.2b -1 . then it is recommended to choose a stack up from the list or create your own. select Programs. and select the Designer program group. Note: In this example we are not creating a layout or using components such as transmission lines that require substrate or stack up information. click the On the Standard toolbar. Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1. 2. click the Microsoft Start button.

Select the Link to file radial button 2. Select the menu item Draw > N-Port or click the toolbar button.s1p 3. Click the Ok button Browse Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. 2. Click the browse button to locate and select your Touchstone file: hfss_seg_gplane.2b Creating the Circuit V + 0V Source1 50 v1 V v2 1 Z=50 P=10000mil Component Placement Importing S-parameters 1.8.2b -2 . Click the Open button 3. 1. In the N-port data window.

and Voltage Probes 1. and Search Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. To place the new component. single click with the left mouse button in the middle of the screen.2b -3 .8. Voltage Sources. Click the Components tab in the Project Manager window. Components. Resistors : Expand Lumped -> Resistors Voltage Sources: Expand Sources -> Independent Sources Voltage probes: Expand Probes Tabs for Project.2b Component Placement – continued 1. 1 Placing Resistors.

Change the value from 100 to 50. under Lumped -> Resistors. 3.2b Component Placement – continued Place a Resistor in the schematic 1.2b -4 . (You can also end the placement by pressing the space bar) 1 100 Change the value of the resistor 1. then hit Enter Note: alternatively. then hit Enter Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Right mouse click the component and then select Properties in the pull down menu 2. you can left mouse button click on the resistor to bring up the Properties window (shown below) and change the value from 100 to 50. double click Resistor 2. click the right mouse button and select Finish.8. In the Components Tab. Click the left mouse button once to place a resistor in the schematic. To end the placement.

3. In the Components Tab. Right mouse click the component and then select Properties in the pull down menu 2. Change the value of P to 10000mil. Press the space bar to finish the placement 1 50 Z=50 P=10000mil Change the physical length of the coaxial cable 1. K 2.8. Click the left mouse button once to place a coaxial cable in the schematic. double click Coaxial Cable.2b -5 . then hit Enter Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.2b Component Placement – continued Place a Coaxial Cable in the schematic 1. under Coaxial Cable.

2b -6 . under Sources -> Independent Sources. click Edit 2.2b Component Placement – continued Place Piecewise Linear Source 1. In the Properties Window. For Type. 2. For Name type Vin 3. double click on Voltage Source. In the Components Tab. Left mouse click to place the source in the schematic 3. Click on the Waveform List Box (which is the unmarked column in between Unit and Description as shown below) Waveform List Box Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Press the space bar to finish the placement 1 + 0V Source1 50 Z=50 P=10000mil Source Selection dialog 1. choose Piecewise Linear 4.8.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. 2.2b -7 . Click on the Radial button next to Enter time/value points.2b Component Placement – continued Piece-wise Waveform List dialog 1. Enter two points: Time Value 0 0 1ns 1V Note: make sure you hit Enter after typing values 1.8. Click the OK button Click the OK button 1.

Place the cursor (which is now an X) over a node and left mouse click once 3. 4. Repeat this procedure until the connections below are made Adding Ground Connections 1.2b Component Placement – continued Adding Wiring to connect components 1.2b -8 . v2. expand the Probes. Place a ground connection on the end of the voltage source Adding Voltage Probes 1. V + 0V Source1 50 v1 V v2 1 Z=50 P=10000mil Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.8. In the Components tab. 2. Drag the mouse to the connection node and left mouse click once. Select the menu item Draw -> Wire 2. Select the menu item Draw > Ground (alternatively you can select the toolbar icon) 2. Place 2 Voltage Probes and name them v1.

3. Delta Frequency: 0. To save the project: In an Ansoft Designer window. From the Save As window. Analysis Control 1.2b -9 . Maximum Sampling Frequency: 2. choose Transient Analysis 2. click the Project tab 2. Click Finish 4. Analysis Setup Window: 1.5GHz 2. Convolution Control 1.8. Click Next 3.2b Creating the Circuit Save Project 1. For Analysis Type. Length of Analysis: 8ns 2. 2. In the Project Manager window. Select the menu item Circuit -> Add Solution Setup 3. Select the menu item Circuit -> Analyze Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.01GHz 5. type the Filename: hfss_seg_gplane_tdr Click the Save button Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. select the menu item File > Save As. Maximum Time Step Allowed: 1ps 4.

Output waveforms To create a report: 1. Quantity: V(VPRB:V1). Traces Window: 1. Report Type: Standard 2. Create Report Window: 1. Click the OK button 3. Category: Voltage 2.8. V(VPRB:V2) 3.2b Create Reports Plot Input. Display Type: Rectangular Plot 3. Click the Add Trace button 5.2b -10 . Function: <none> 4. Click the Done button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Select the menu item Circuit -> Create Report 2.

Click the Add button Click the Done button Traces Window: Category: Output Variables Quantity: TDR Function: <none> Click the Add Trace button Click the Done button (see next page for TDR plot) Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Expression: V(VPRB:v2)/(V(VPRB:v1)-V(VPRB:v2))*50 Note: To create the above expression. Click the OK button 3. Type / then type ( 5. Click Insert Quantity into Expression button 10. Click Insert Quantity into Expression button 4. Click on Output Variables button to create TDR equation 1. Type * 50 3. Type 8. Select the menu item Circuit -> Create Report 2. Click Insert Quantity into Expression button 7.2b Create Reports Plot TDR To create a report: 1. Type ) 11. Quantity: V(VPRB:v1) 6.2b -11 . Name: type TDR 2. Report Type: Standard 2. Display Type: Rectangular Plot 3. follow these steps: 1. 4.8. Quantity: V(VPRB:v2) 9. Quantity: V(VPRB:v2) 3. Create Report Window: 1. Category: Voltage 2.

2b -12 .2b Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.8.

1 mm Via: Diameter = 1 mm Height = 0.9 mm Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. trace1 top_gnd Via bot_gnd trace2 Nominal Design: Ground: Thickness = 0. simulate.1 mm Board: Thickness = 0.9 mm εr = 1 Trace: Length = 10 mm Width = 1 mm Thickness = 0. and analyze nonideal ground planes using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment.3-1 .8.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Non-Ideal Ground Plane This example is intended to show you how to create.

3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Ansoft HFSS Design Environment The following features of the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment are used to create this passive device model 3D Solid Modeling Primitives: Box.8. Cylinders Boolean Operations: Subtract. Rectangles.3-2 . Unite. Duplicate Boundary Boundary Conditions: Perfect H/Natural Excitations Ports: Lumped Gap Source Port Analysis Sweep: Fast Frequency Results Cartesian plotting Fields Fast Frequency Sweep/Field Plots Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

lets use a lumped gap source port Trace Thickness/Material Properties To start with perfect conductor. The Perfect H and Symmetry Perfect H are mathematically equivalent. It should be noted that the Perfect H boundary condition can be used with the Driven and Eigenmode solver. lets make an engineering assumption that the trace conductivity will not have an impact on the performance of the device. You do need to use some caution when using Perfect H boundary conditions in place of radiation boundaries. In our example. you have the potential to create modes that are the result of the boundary condition or non-physical. the Perfect H is applied to the outside of the model and not along any symmetry planes. This will speed up the simulation. Port Size/Type= ??? Free Space= ??? Port Size/Type Since the trace is internal to the model. Free Space Since we are only interested in the modes that occur between the ground planes. The radiation boundary takes longer to solve since it requires a complex solve. we can use a Perfect H or open boundary condition. The Radiation boundary is only supported by the Driven Solution.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Design Review Before we jump into setting up this device lets review the design.3-3 .8. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Therefore if you are simulating a subsection of a larger geometry. We should expect to get the same answer using an Open(Perfect H) or matched(Radiation) boundary.

and select the Ansoft. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. To access Ansoft HFSS.3-4 . Modeler Options Window: 1. click the Microsoft Start button. Click the OK button 3. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked Auto-assign terminals on ports:: Checked 2.8. HFSS Options Window: 1. 4. select Programs. HFSS 11 program group. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1. Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example. verify that the following tool options are set : 1. Click HFSS 11. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2.

2.3-5 . From the Project menu. click the On the Standard toolbar. In an Ansoft HFSS window. Solution Type Window: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Choose Driven Terminal 2.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1. or select the menu item File > New. Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1.8. select Insert HFSS Design. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2.

Type pec in the Search by Name field 2.3-6 .8.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1. choose Select 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Select Definition Window: 1. Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Select Units: mm 2. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Set Model Units: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Press Enter To fit the view: Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.75.1. enter the cylinder position X: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: Trace 3. Z: 0. Y: 0. 2. enter the box position X: -0. dZ: 0. Select the Attribute tab from Properties window. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Z: 0.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Create Trace To create the trace: 1. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. dZ: 0. dY: 0.0. Press Enter To set the name: 1.0. For the Value of Name type: Via_pad 3. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.0. enter the radius: dX: 0. dY: 0. Press Enter To fit the view: 1. 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press Enter 4. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.3-7 . Or press the CTRL+D key Create Via Pad To create the via pad: 1.0.8.1.0. Press the Enter key 3. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2.0.5. Y: 0.0. dY: -10. dZ: 0. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2.0. Press Enter key 3. enter the height: dX: 0.

Modeler > Boolean > Unite Create Offset Coordinate System 1. 2. Y: 0. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 20. enter the origin X: 0. Or press the CTRL+A key. Z: -0. enter the box position X: -10.0. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. dZ: 0.0. Y: -20. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative CS > Offset 2. For the Value of Name type: Ground 3.3-8 . dY: 40. Using the coordinate entry fields.1.8. 2. Press the Enter key Create Ground To draw the ground: 1. Select the menu item.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Group the Trace & Via Pad 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Z: 0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.0.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.0. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Press the Enter key 3. Press Enter To fit the view: 1.2.

0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. enter the cylinder position X: 0.0. Antipad 2.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Create Anti-Pad To create the anti-pad: 1. Press the Enter key 4. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. enter the radius: dX: 1. dZ: 0. dZ: 0. enter the height: dX: 0. 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press Enter Select Ground & Antipad: 1.0. Subtract Window Blank Parts: Ground Tool Parts: Antipad Clone tool objects before subtract: Unchecked Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Press the Enter key 3. Select the menu item Modeler > Boolean > Subtract 2. 2. Select the objects named: Ground .0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. dY: 0. For the Value of Name type: Antipad 3. Select Object Dialog.1. dY: 0.8.0. Z: 0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Y: 0.3-9 . Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0. Click the OK button To complete the ground object: 1.

Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key Set Grid Plane Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > XZ Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Set Working Coordinate System 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Set Working CS Select Coordinate System Window. Z: 0.5. enter the origin X: -0. From the list. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative CS > Offset 2. Y: -10.8.3-10 .0. 2. select the CS: Global 2.0. 1. Click the Select button Create Offset Coordinate System 1.

Press the Enter key 3. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.8. Y: 0. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.0. enter the box position X: 0.3-11 .0. Click the OK button To zoom in 1. 2.0. Z: 0. For the Value of Name type: Source 3. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.0. dY: 0.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Create Source To create source: 1. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. dZ: -0. Using the coordinate entry fields.1.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.

3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Assign Excitation To select the object Source: 1. Click OK Set the name for excitations: 1. 3. 1. Expand the Excitations in Project Manager 2. Click the OK button Note: You can also select the object from the Model Tree To assign lumped port excitation 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Lumped Port 2. Conducting Object: Via_pad 3. Reference Conductors: Ground 4.3-12 . Change the Name in the Properties window: p1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.8. Select Object Dialog. Click on LumpPort1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the objects named: Source 2.

Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Set Working CS Select Coordinate System Window. Axis: X 2.0. Angle: 180 3.8.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Set Working Coordinate System 1. Press the Enter key Duplicate Objects To duplicate the existing objects: 1.0. From the list. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. 1. Or press the CTRL+A key. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the origin X: 0. Click the Select button Create Offset Coordinate System 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative CS > Offset 2. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. Y: 0. 2.3-13 . Select the menu item. Total Number: 2 4. Edit > Duplicate > Around Axis.45. Z: -0. 2. 1. select the CS: Global 2.

3-14 . Click on LumpPort2. Expand the Excitations in Project Manager 2. Select Object Dialog. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Auto Assign Terminals 2. Click the OK button Note: You can also select the object from the Model Tree To assign lumped port excitation 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Assign Excitation for the Duplicated Source To select the object Source: 1.8. Select the objects named: Source_1 2. Reference Conductors: Ground_1 4. Click OK Set the name for excitations: 1. 3. 1. Change the Name in the Properties window: p2 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Conducting Object: Via_pad_1 3.

Z: -0. enter the radius: dX: 0. dY: 0. For the Value of Name type: Via 3. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the origin X: -5. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. dY: 0. 2.0. Create Offset Coordinate System 1. Press the Enter key To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Create > Relative CS > Offset 2. Press the Enter key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.0. Press the Enter key 3. Y: 0.0. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Set Working CS 2.3-15 . Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Click the Select button Create Via To create the via: 1. select the CS: Global 2.5. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View.2. enter the cylinder position X: 0.8. Z: 0. Y: -10.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Select Coordinate System Window. enter the height: dX: 0. From the list.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Set Working Coordinate System To set the working coordinate system: 1.0.9. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: -0.0.0. 1. dZ: 0. Press the Enter key 4.0.

Press the Enter key 3. enter the cylinder position X: 0. enter the radius: dX: 0. Click the Select button Set Default Material Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.8.0. Set Working Coordinate System 1. enter the height: dX: 0.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Create Ground Via To create the Ground Via: 1. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: 0.5.0. 2.3-16 . Z: 0. Press the Enter key 4.5.0. 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.0. dZ: 0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. 2. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate System > Set Working CS Select Coordinate System Window.0.0. choose vacuum Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. From the list. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: -0. dY: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key To fit the view: 1. dY: 0.0. For the Value of Name type: Via_GND 3. select the CS: Global 2.

0. Create Air To create the Air: 1. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Press the Enter key To fit the view: 1. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 30. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Create Board To create the board: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Y: -25.0.0. Press the Enter key 3.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. enter the box position X: -15.0. dZ: -0.0. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. dY: 40. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: -20. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.8. Z: -5. enter the box position X: -10.0.3-17 . dZ: 10. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 20. 2. dY: 50.9. Press the Enter key 3. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Z: 0.0. 2. Press the Enter key To fit the view: 1. For the Value of Name type: Board 3. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. For the Value of Name type: Air 3.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.

This makes it easier to see the boundary 3. View > Visibility to hide all of the geometry objects. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Select the objects named: Air 2. toggle the Visibility check box for the boundaries you wish to display. Click the OK button Boundary Display To verify the boundary setup: 1. 1. Select Object Dialog. From the Solver View of Boundaries. Note: The Perfect Conductors are displayed as the smetal boundary. Click the OK button To assign Perfect H Boundary 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries> Assign > Perfect H… 2. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundary Display (Solver View) 2. Click the Close button when you are finished.8.3-18 . Note: Select the menu item.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Assign Perfect H/Natural Boundaries To select the object Air: 1.

Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Frequency Sweep 1. Sweep Type: Fast 2. Click the OK button 2.02 2. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 10.1GHz Stop: 10. Click the Options tab: Do Lambda Refinement: Checked Lambda Target: Use Default Value: Checked Order of Basis function: Zero Order Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1.8.3-19 .0GHz Count: 991 Save Fields: Checked 3. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2. Solution Setup Window: 1.0GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 20 Maximum Delta S: 0. Edit Sweep Window: 1.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Frequency Setup Type: Linear Count Start: 0.

3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Save Project To save the project: 1.8. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages. type the Filename: hfss_nonidealgnd 3. Click 2. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. use the Message Manager. 2. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. From the Save As window.3-20 . select the menu item File > Save As. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. In an Ansoft HFSS window.

Click the Profile Tab. To view the Matrix Data: 1. To view the Convergence: 1.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. Last Adaptive 2.3-21 .8. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. set the Simulation to Setup1. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data.

00 Y1 -5. St(Via_pad_T1. a real-time update of the results are displayed To create a report: 1.00 -6.00 3.00 -3.00 -9. Category: Terminal S Parameters 3. Click the Close button Ansoft Corporation 0.00 6.00 Pass 4.3-22 .00 -8.Via_pad2_T1) 4.00 2.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.8.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Create Reports Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot vs.Via_pad_T1). Click the New Report button 6.00 -10. Adaptive Pass Note: If this report is created prior or during the solution process.00 dB(St(Via_pad_T1.00 -4.Via_pad2_T1)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass -2. Context Window: Solution: Setup1: AdaptivePass 3.00 -7. X: Pass 2.00 5.00 XY Plot 1 Curve Info HFSSDesign1 dB(St(Via_pad_T1.Via_pad_T1)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass -1. Trace Window 1. Function: dB 5. Quantity: St(Via_pad_T1.00 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.

00 dB(St(Via_pad_T1.00 -45.00 -20.Via_pad2_T1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 -35.00 -10. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.00 XY Plot 2 HFSSDesign1 0.3200 Y -23.1900 8.00 10. Ansoft Corporation 0.00 -60.Via_pad_T1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(St(Via_pad_T1.00 -30.Via_pad2_T1)) dB(St(Via_pad_T1. Function: dB 4.3-23 . St(Via_pad_T1.00 m 3 Nam e m 1 Curve Info m 5 m 2 m 3 m 4 m 2 m 5 X 1.00 2.Via_pad2_T1) 3.3141 -33. Move cursor to the resonant points on the plotting curve and click the left mouse button 3. Press ESC Or right-click the mouse and select Exit Marker Mode.00 m 1 -25. Context Window: 1.00 8.00 4. Quantity: St(Via_pad_T1.Via_pad_T1). Click the Close button To add data marker to the Plots 1.00 -5.00 0.1300 4.00 dB(St(Via_pad_T1.5892 -17.00 m 4 -15.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Create Terminal S Plot vs Frequency To create a report: 1. Click the New Report button 5.1277 -41.00 -30.00 -40.00 -10.8. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.00 Freq [GHz] 6.Via_pad_T1)) -20. Select the menu item Report2D > Marker > Add Marker 2. Domain: Sweep 3.00 -50.6035 -40. Category: Terminal S Parameters 2. Trace Window 1.2129 -27.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.1200 7. When you are finished placing markers at the resonances.8900 7.

Intrinsic Variables: Freq: 1. In Volume: Board 5. Select Plot Folder Window: 1.3-24 . Max: 3500 4. Using the Model Tree. Scale: Log 2. Click the Plots Tab 1. Click the Done button To modify the attributes of a field plot: 1. Quantity: Mag_E 4. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.9GHz. expand Planes 1. Scalar Plot: Fringe 2. Select Use Limits 2.8. Select: E Field 2. 2. Click the Scale tab 1. Select Relative CS3 XY Note: Relative CS3 XY plane is the plane between the two Ground planes.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Field Overlays Create Field Overlay Select the Relative CS XY Plane 1. Min: 5 3. E-Field Window: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Modify Plot Attributes 2. Solution: Setup1 : Sweep1 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Plot Fields > E > Mag_E 3. Create Field Plot Window 1. Click the OK button 3. Phase: 0deg 3.

1 GHz 2. Select the menu item File > Exit 1. Intrinsic Variables: Freq: 7.3 Example – Non-Ideal Planes Create Field Overlay – Additional Frequency Points To modify the Frequency of a field plot: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Modify Plot 2. Click the Done button Exiting HFSS To Exit HFSS: 1. Modify Field Plot Window 1.8.3-25 . Select Field Plot Window: 1. Click the OK button 3. If prompted Save the changes Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Select: Mag_E1 2.

and analyze the return path examples used in the Boundary/Excitations Overview for the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment. Port2 Port3 Port1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. simulate.8.4 Example – Return Path Return Path This example is intended to show you how to create.4-1 .

Modeler Options Window: 1. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2. Setting Tool Options To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example.8. click the Microsoft Start button. Click the OK button 3. HFSS Options Window: 1. HFSS 11 program group. To access Ansoft HFSS. Click HFSS 11.4-2 . Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. 4.4 Example – Return Path Getting Started Launching Ansoft HFSS 1. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. select Programs. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked Auto-assign terminals on ports:: Checked 2. verify that the following tool options are set : 1. and select the Ansoft.

From the Project menu. select Insert HFSS Design. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Choose Driven Terminal 2. In an Ansoft HFSS window. click the On the Standard toolbar. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. or select the menu item File > New.8. 2. Solution Type Window: 1. Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1.4 Example – Return Path Opening a New Project To open a new project: 1.4-3 .

Select Definition Window: 1. Set Model Units: 1.4 Example – Return Path Creating the 3D Model Set Model Units To set the units: 1. Select Units: mm 2.4-4 . Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2. choose Select 2.8. Type pec in the Search by Name field 2. Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

0.02. For the Value of Name type: Cond 3. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Click the OK button when the Properties dialog appears To set the grid plane: 1.1.24. Using the mouse. Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > YZ To create conductor profile: 1. 2.3. Or press the CTRL+A key 2. enter the vertex point: X: -5.24. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key 3. enter the box position X: -5. Press the Enter key 4.24. Z: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: -0.4-5 . dZ: 0. Press the Enter key To Sweep the profile: 1. enter the vertex point: X: 0.0.12. Y: -0. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 0. Or press the CTRL+D key Or click the icon on the toolbar Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Using the coordinate entry fields. Z: 1. Y: -0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.24. dY: 0.1. right-click and select Done 7.8. Press the Enter key 5. Press the Enter key 6. Select the menu item Draw > Line 2.1. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. enter the vertex point: X: -1.4 Example – Return Path Create Conductor To create the conductor: 1. Z: 0.1.0. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. enter the vertex point: X: -1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1.0.0. Y: -0. Z: 1.1. Press the Enter key 3. Z: 0. Click the OK button when the Sweep along path dialog appears To fit the view: Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Select the menu item Draw > Sweep > Along Path 3. Y: -0. Using the coordinate entry fields.

1.4 Example – Return Path Duplicate Conductor To select the object: 1.0. dZ: 0.4-6 . Select the menu item. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible.0.0.8. Input the target point of the vector normal to the mirror plane: dX: 1. Or press the CTRL+A key. 2. 2. Z: 0. 1.0.0. Press the Enter key 2. dY: 0. Input the anchor point of the mirror plane: X: 0. dZ: 0. Press the Enter key Group Conductors To group the conductors: 1.0. To duplicate the conductor: 1.0. Second Point: dX: 0. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. First Point: X: 0. Y: 0. Select the menu item. Z: 0. Edit > Duplicate > Mirror. Click the OK button Mirror Conductor To duplicate the existing objects: 1. Total Number: 3 5.0. dY: 0.0. Edit > Duplicate > Along Line. Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. Select the menu itemModeler > Boolean > Unite Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Click Close in Measure Data Window 2.0 Press the Enter key 3.24. Y: 0.0 Press the Enter key 4.

0. dZ: 0. Select the objects named: GND 2.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Mirror Ground To select the object GND: 1. Press the Enter key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. enter the box position X: -5. Input the anchor point of the mirror plane: X: 0.8. dY: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. dZ: -0. Z: 0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. Press the Enter key 3.0.0. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Press the Enter key 2.0. dY: 2. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1.0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. 1. Edit > Duplicate > Mirror. Y: 0. 2. Y: -1.0.0. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 4.0. Click the OK button To mirror the ground: 1. For the Value of Name type: GND 3.4 Example – Return Path Create Ground To create the ground: 1. Input the target point of the vector normal to the mirror plane: dX: 1.02. 1. Select the menu item. Z: 0.4-7 . Select Object Dialog.

0. dZ: -0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Press the Enter key 3.4-8 . Z: 0. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Grid Plane > YZ Create Source To create source: 1. Y: -0. Press the Enter key To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window.1.12. enter the box position X: 5.1.0.8. dY: 0.06. For the Value of Name type: Source 3. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 0.4 Example – Return Path Set Grid Plane To set the grid plane: 1. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. 2. Using the coordinate entry fields.

Select Object Dialog. 1.8. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Lumped Port 2. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Click on LumpPort1. Expand the Excitations in Project Manager 2. Reference Conductors: GND_1 4. Select the objects named: Source 2. Conducting Object: Cond 3. Click OK Set the name for excitations: 1. Press the Enter key Note: You can also select the object from the Model Tree To assign lumped port excitation 1. The Properties window: Name : p1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. 3.4-9 .4 Example – Return Path Assign Excitation To select the object Source: 1.

Input the target point of the vector normal to the mirror plane: dX: 1. dZ: 0. Input the target point of the vector normal to the mirror plane: dX: 0. Y: 0. Press the Enter key Create Source3 To select Source: 1. dZ: 0. Input the anchor point of the mirror plane: X: 0. 1.0. 1. dY: 0. Select Object Dialog. dY: 1. Press the Enter key 2.0.0.4-10 . Z: 0. Input the anchor point of the mirror plane: X: 0. Select the menu item. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.0. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. 1. Click the OK button To mirror the source: 1. Press the Enter key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.0. Edit > Duplicate > Mirror.0.4 Example – Return Path Create Source2 To select Source: 1. Select the objects named: Source 2. Press the Enter key 2. Click the OK button To mirror the source: 1. Select the objects named: Source_1 2.0.0.12. Z: 0.0. Select the menu item.8.0.0. Edit > Duplicate > Mirror. Select Object Dialog. Y: 0. 1.

Select p3 from the project manager window.8. 2. Conducting Object: Cond 4. Choose Auto assign Terminals 3. Click OK Auto Assign Terminals for Port 3 1. 2. Click OK Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Choose Auto assign Terminals 3.4-11 .4 Example – Return Path Assign Excitation (Cont. Conducting Object: Cond 4.) Note: Although ports have been duplicated. terminals need to be assigned using “Auto Assign Terminals” Auto Assign Terminals for Port 2 1. Reference Conductors: GND 5. Reference Conductors: GND 5. Right click p3. Right click p2. Select p2 from the project manager window.

4-12 . From the Select Definition window. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Relative Permittivity: 4.4 Example – Return Path Add New Material To add a new material: 1. View/Edit Material Window: 1. choose Select 2.8.4 3. click the Add Material button 3. Material Name: My_FR4 2. Click the OK button 4. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.

Press the Enter key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Y: 0.4 Example – Return Path Set Grid Plane To set the grid plane: 1.0.0. Move the slide bar to 0.1.0. Transparency=1) 2.0. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Grid Plane > XY Create Substrate To create substrate: 1.0. dY: 0. 1. Input the anchor point of the mirror plane: X: 0. enter the box position X: -5. Select Object Dialog. 2. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Click the OK button To mirror the ground: 1.0. Press the Enter key 3. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Edit > Duplicate > Mirror. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2.0. For the Value of Name type: Substrate To set the transparency: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Click the button for Transparency 1. Z: 0. Y: -1. Z: 0. Press Enter 2.0.0.0.8 (Opaque=0. Using the coordinate entry fields.4-13 . dY: 2. dZ: 0. 2. Select the objects named: Substrate 2. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 4. Input the target point of the vector normal to the mirror plane: dX: 1.8. Click the OK button Mirror Substrate To select the object substrate: 1. 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.0. Select the menu item. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: 0.

dZ: 2. dY: 4. Press the Enter key To fit the view: Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. enter the box position X: -5.4 Example – Return Path Set Default Material To set the default material: Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.4. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries> Assign > Radiation 2. choose vacuum Create Air To create the Air: 1.4-14 .0. Press the Enter key 3. 1.0. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: -2. Select the objects named: Air 2. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 10.2. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Select Object Dialog. 2.0.8. Using the coordinate entry fields. For the Value of Name type: Air 3. Z: -0. Click the OK button To assign Radiation Boundary 1.2. Assign Radiation To select the object Air: 1.

Note: Select the menu item. From the Solver View of Boundaries.4 Example – Return Path Boundary Display To verify the boundary setup: 1. Note: The Perfect Conductors are displayed as the smetal boundary. Click the Close button when you are finished. This makes it easier to see the boundary 3.4-15 . Select the menu item HFSS > Boundary Display (Solver View) 2.8. toggle the Visibility check box for the boundaries you wish to display. View > Visibility to hide all of the geometry objects. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

Frequency Setup Type: Linear Count Start: 0.4-16 .4 Example – Return Path Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1. Click the Options tab: Do Lambda Refinement: Checked Lambda Target: Use Default Value: Checked Order of Basis function: Zero-Order Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1.8. Solution Setup Window: 1. Click the OK button 2. Edit Sweep Window: 1. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 15. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2.1GHz Count: 301 3. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Frequency Sweep 1. Sweep Type: Interpolating 2.1GHz Stop: 15.03 2.1GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 20 Maximum Delta S: 0. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.

4 Example – Return Path Save Project To save the project: 1. From the Save As window. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2.4-17 . type the Filename: hfss_returnpath 3. select the menu item File > Save As.8. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. 2. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. use the Message Manager. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages. In an Ansoft HFSS window.

set the Simulation to Setup1. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table.4 Example – Return Path Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1. To view the Matrix Data: 1. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1.8.4-18 . To view the Convergence: 1. Click the Profile Tab. Last Adaptive 2.

Cond_T2) and St(Cond_T1. St(Cond_T1.00 -10.Cond_T2)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass -20.4 Example – Return Path Create Reports Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot vs. Cond_T3) 4.00 9.00 Pass 6.00 Curve Info dB(St(Cond_T1.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. a real-time update of the results are displayed To create a report: 1.00 Y1 -15.00 4.00 3.Cond_T1)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass dB(St(Cond_T1.00 2.00 XY Plot 2 HFSSDesign1 -5.4-19 . Click the New Report button 6.00 7. Category: Terminal S Parameters 3. Quantity: St(Cond_T1.00 dB(St(Cond_T1.00 8.Cond_T3)) Setup1 : AdaptivePass -25. Adaptive Pass Note: If this report is created prior or during the solution process. Function: dB 5. Trace Window 1. X: Pass 2. Click the Close button Ansoft Corporation 0. Context Window: Solution: Setup1: AdaptivePass 3.8.00 5. Cond_T1) .00 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.

4 Example – Return Path Create Terminal S-Parameter Plot vs Frequency 1.4-20 .00 Curve Info -25. Cond_T1) . Function: dB 4. Click the Close button Ansoft Corporation 0. Quantity: St(Cond_T1.00 12. 3.00 -35.00 -40.00 XY Plot 1 HFSSDesign1 -5. Category: Terminal S Parameters 2. 2. Domain: Sweep Trace Window 1. St(Cond_T1.Cond_T3)) Setup1 : Sweep1 -30. Cond_T2) and St(Cond_T1.00 2.Cond_T2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(St(Cond_T1.00 Y1 -20.8.00 -15.00 -10. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot Context Window: 1.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.00 4.Cond_T1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(St(Cond_T1.00 6.00 0.00 8.00 Freq [GHz] 10.00 16. Cond_T3) 3.00 14.00 No DC Return Path dB(St(Cond_T1. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2. Click the New Report button 5.

4 Example – Return Path Return Path – Add a DC Return Path We will continue our investigation by adding a connection between the two ground planes. DC Return Path Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8.4-21 .8. The DC return path will be the path of least resistance.

Right-click on HFSSDesign2 and choose 3D Model Editor Set Default Material To set the default material: Choose pec in Materials toolbar Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. and choose Copy 2. Right-click on hfss_returnpath. and choose Paste Open the 3D Model Editor To open the 3D Model Editor: 1.4 Example – Return Path Copy the Design To copy the entire design: 1. Using the project manager.8. 1. 1. 1. Right-click on HFSSDesign1. Using the project manager.4-22 . Using the project manager.

8.0.0. Select the menu item Draw > Box 2.02.0.4 Example – Return Path Create DC Path To create the DC path: 1.4-23 . Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. For the Value of Name type: DCPath 3. Z: 0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 2. dZ: 0. Press the Enter key 3.12.0. Press the Enter key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 8. Y: 1. 2. Using the coordinate entry fields. enter the box position X: -1. dY: -0.

8.4
Example – Return Path

Save Project
To save the project: 1. In an Ansoft HFSS window, select the menu item File > Save

Analyze
Model Validation
To validate the model: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Click the Close button

Analyze
To start the solution process: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All

To Open All Existing Report
To open all reports: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Open All Reports
Ansoft Corporation
0.00

XY Plot 3

HFSSDesign2

-10.00

-20.00 Y1
Curve Info dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T1)) Setup1 : Sweep1

-30.00

dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T3)) Setup1 : Sweep1

-40.00

-50.00 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 Freq [GHz] 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.4-24

8.4
Example – Return Path
Return Path – Add a RF Return Path
We will continue our investigation by adding an RF return path between the two ground planes. The RF return path will be the path of least inductance.

RF Return Path

Copy the Design
To copy the entire design: 1. Using the project manager, 1. Right-click on HFSSDesign1, and choose Copy 2. Using the project manager, 1. Right-click on hfss_returnpath, and choose Paste

Open the 3D Model Editor
To open the 3D Model Editor: Click on HFSSDesign3 in the project manager

Set Default Material
To set the default material: 1. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar, choose pec

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.4-25

8.4
Example – Return Path
Create RF Path
To create the RF path: 1. Select the menu item Draw > Line 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the vertex point: X: -1.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the radial point: X: -0.972, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key 4. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the sweep arc length: X: -0.972, Y: 0.0, Z: 1.072, Press the Enter key 5. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the sweep arc length: X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 1.072, Press the Enter key 6. Using the mouse, right-click and select Done To set the grid plane: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Grid Plane > YZ To create the profile: 1. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the box position X: -1.0, Y: -0.06, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle: dX: 0.0, dY: 0.12, dZ: -0.02, Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. 2. For the Value of Name type: RFPath 3. Press the Enter key To Sweep the profile: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select Object Dialog, 1. Select the objects named: Polyline2, RFPath 2. Click the OK button 3. Select the menu item Draw > Sweep > Along Path 4. Click the OK button when the Sweep along path dialog appears

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.4-26

8.4
Example – Return Path
Mirror Conductor
To duplicate the existing objects: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select Object Dialog, 1. Select the objects named: RFPath 2. Click the OK button 3. Select the menu item, Edit > Duplicate > Mirror. 1. Input the anchor point of the mirror plane: X: 0.0, Y: 0.0, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key 2. Input the target point of the vector normal to the mirror plane: dX: 1.0, dY: 0.0, dZ: 0.0, Press the Enter key

Group Conductors
To group the conductors: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select Object Dialog, 1. Select the objects named: RFPath, RFPath_1 2. Click the OK button 3. Select the menu item, 3D Modeler > Boolean > Unite

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.4-27

8.4
Example – Return Path
Save Project
To save the project: 1. In an Ansoft HFSS window, select the menu item File > Save

Analyze Model Validation
To validate the model: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Click the Close button

Analyze
To start the solution process: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze

To Open All Existing Report
To open all reports: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Open All Reports
Ansoft Corporation
0.00

XY Plot 2

HFSSDesign4

-10.00

-20.00

Y1

-30.00

Curve Info dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T1)) Setup1 : Sweep1

-40.00

dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T2)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(St(Cond_T1,Cond_T3)) Setup1 : Sweep1

-50.00

-60.00 0.00 5.00 Freq [GHz] 10.00 15.00

Exiting HFSS
To Exit HFSS: 1. Select the menu item File > Exit 1. If prompted Save the changes

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

8.4-28

Chapter 9.0
Chapter 9.0 – On-Chip Passives Examples
9.1 – Spiral Inductor

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

9.1
Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor
On-Chip Passive Example
This example is intended to show you how to create, simulate, and analyze a 2.5 turn spiral inductor using the Ansoft HFSS Design Environment.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

9.1-1

9.1
Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor
Getting Started
Launching Ansoft HFSS
1.

To access Ansoft HFSS, click the Microsoft Start button, select Programs, and select the Ansoft, HFSS 11 program group. Click HFSS 11.

Setting Tool Options
To set the tool options: Note: In order to follow the steps outlined in this example, verify that the following tool options are set : 1. Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options 2. HFSS Options Window: 1. Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: Checked Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked Auto-assign terminals on ports:: Checked 2. Click the OK button 3. Select the menu item Tools > Options > Modeler Options. 4. Modeler Options Window: 1. Click the Operation tab Automatically cover closed polylines: Checked 2. Click the Drawing tab Edit property of new primitives: Checked 3. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

9.1-2

9.1
Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor
Opening a New Project
To open a new project: 1. In an Ansoft HFSS window, click the On the Standard toolbar, or select the menu item File > New. 2. From the Project menu, select Insert HFSS Design.

Set Solution Type
To set the solution type: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. Solution Type Window: 1. Choose Driven Terminal 2. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

9.1-3

9.1
Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor
Creating the 3D Model
Set Model Units
To set the units: 1. Select the menu item Modeler > Units 2. Set Model Units: 1. Select Units: um 2. Click the OK button

Set Default Material
To set the default material: 1. Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar, choose Select 2. Select Definition Window: 1. Click the Add Material button 2. View/Edit Material Window: 1. For the Material Name type: My_Sub 2. For the Value of Relative Permittivity type: 11.9 3. For the Value of Bulk Conductivity type: 10 4. Click the OK button 3. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

9.1-4

9.1
Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor
Create Substrate
To create the substrate: 1.Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the box position X: -270.0, Y: -270.0, Z: 0.0, Press the Enter key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields, enter the opposite corner of the box: dX: 540.0, dY: 540.0, dZ: 300.0, Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties windows 2. For the Value of Name type: Sub 3. Click the OK button To fit the view 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View

Set the default material:
1. 2.

Using the Modeler Materials toolbar, choose Select Select Definition Window: 1. Click the Add Material button 2. View/Edit Material Window: 1. For the Material Name type: My_Oxide 2. For the Value of Relative Permittivity type: 4.0 3. Click the OK button 3. Click the OK button

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide

9.1-5

0. Click the Add Material button 2. View/Edit Material Window: 1. For the Material Name type: My_Pass 2. 2. Y: -270. For the Value of Relative Permittivity type: 7. Click the OK button 3. dY: 540. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.9 3.1-6 .9. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the Modeler Materials toolbar.0. Z: 300. Press the Enter key 3. enter the opposite corner of the box: dX: 540. For the Value of Name type: Oxide 3. dZ: 9. Click the OK button To fit the view 1. choose Select Select Definition Window: 1.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Create Oxide To create the oxide layer: 1.0.0. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties windows 2.8.Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. enter the box position X: -270. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View Set the default material: 1.0.

0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: -270. Z: 0.0.Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties windows 2. Z: 309. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.7. For the Value of Name type: Air 3. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties windows 2. For the Value of Name type: Pass 3. Click the OK button To fit the view 1. Using the coordinate entry fields.Select the menu item Draw > Box 2. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View To set the default material: 1. dZ: 600.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.0. dZ: 0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. enter the opposite corner of the box: dX: 540.0.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Create Passivation To create the passivation layer: 1. dY: 540. enter the box position X: -270. dY: 540.0. Press the Enter key 3.8.1-7 .0. enter the box position X: -270.0. choose vacuum Create Air Box To create the airbox: 1.9.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. enter the opposite corner of the box: dX: 540. Using the coordinate entry fields. Y: -270. Using the Modeler Materials toolbar. Click the OK button To fit the view 1. Press the Enter key 3.

enter the box position X: -270.0.9. Name: Rad1 2. For the Value of Name type: Ground 3.1-8 . Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Radiation 2.0.0.0. Press the Enter key To set the name: 1. dY: 540. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties windows 2.Select the menu item Draw > Rectangular 2. Y: -270. enter the opposite corner of the box: dX: 540. Using the coordinate entry fields. dZ: 0. Select Object Dialog Select the Object named: Air Click the OK button To create a radiation Boundary: 1.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Create Radiation Boundary To select the object Air: 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9. Click the OK button Create Ground To create the ground: 1. Press the Enter key 3. Click the OK button To fit the view 1.0.0. Radiation Boundary Window 1. Z: 0.

Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible 2. 2.0. Select the menu item View > Hide Selection > All Views Set the default material: 1. X: 0. Click the Add Material button 2. Click OK button To assign the Perfect E boundary 1. For the Material Name type: My_Met 2.0. Name: PerfE_Ground 2. Click OK button Hide Dielectrics To hide the dielectrics: 1.8. Select Object Dialog 1. Select the object named: Ground 2. Perfect E Boundary window 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundaries > Assign > Perfect E 2. Z: 304.9. Click the OK button Create Offset Coordinate System Select the menu item Modeler > Coordinate Systems > Create > Relative CS > Offset Using the coordinate entry fields. choose Select Select Definition Window: 1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. View/Edit Material Window: 1.8e7 3. Using the Modeler Materials toolbar. Y: 0.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Assign a Perfect E boundary to the Ground To select the ground 1. Press the Enter key Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9. enter the origin 1.1-9 . For the Value of Bulk Conductivity type: 2. Click the OK button 3.

1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.1-10 .9.

1-11 .9.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.

1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.1-12 .9.

1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.9.1-13 .

1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.9.1-14 .

1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.9.1-15 .

9.1-16 .1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.

1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.9.1-17 .

dX: -15.5. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9. Press the Enter Key 3.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. dY: -15. X: 142.1-18 . For the Value of Name type: Source1 3. dZ: 0. Click OK button Note: You can also select the object fom the Model Tree To assign lumped port excitation 1. then click OK.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Create Source 1 To create source: 1. enter the box position 1. Press the Enter Key To set the name: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window 2. Y: 7.0. Using the coordinate entry fields.0. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle 1. a window appears. Click the OK button Assign Excitation To select the object Source: 1.0.0.9. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2. highlight Ring and click Add ==>>. Z: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Lumped Port. Select the object named: Source1 2. Select Object Dialog 1. The lumped port and terminal are automatically assigned.

Expand the Excitations in Project Manager 2. Change the name in the Properties window: 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9. Expand p1.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Assign Excitation (Continued) Set the name for excitations: 1.9. Expand the Excitations in Project Manager 2. 3.1-19 . Change the name in the Properties window: p1 Set the name for the pin 1. highlight Source1_T1 3. Click on LumpPort1.

Click the OK button Assign Excitation To select the object Source: 1. Press the Enter Key To set the name: 1. dZ: 0. Y: 7.0.1-20 . Select Object Dialog 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window 2. Select the object named: Source2 2. Click OK button Note: You can also select the object fom the Model Tree To assign lumped port excitation 1. Z: 1. enter the box position 1.5. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Create Source 2 To create source: 1. The lumped port and terminal are automatically assigned.0. Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Lumped Port. X: 131. dY: -15. and click OK.0. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.9. Press the Enter Key 3. Using the coordinate entry fields. dX: 15.0. Select the menu item Draw > Rectangle 2.0. For the Value of Name type: Source2 3. enter the opposite corner of the base rectangle 1. Using the coordinate entry fields. a window appears.

1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Assign Excitation (Continued) Set the name for excitations: 1.1-21 . Expand the Excitations in Project Manager 2. 3. Change the name in the Properties window: 2 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9. highlight Source1_T2 3. Expand p1. Click on LumpPort2. Expand the Excitations in Project Manager 2.9. Change the name in the Properties window: p2 Set the name for the pin 1.

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.9.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Show All To Show all objects 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Boundary Display (Solver View) 2. Note: The Perfect Conductors are displayed as the smetal boundary. Note: The background (Perfect Conductor) is displayed as the outer boundary. This makes it easier to see the boundary 3. toggle the Visibility check box for the boundaries you wish to display.1-22 . Select the menu item View > Show All > All Views Boundary Display To verify the boundary setup: 1. From the Solver View of Boundaries. Click the Close button when you are finished. View > Visibility to hide all of the geometry objects. Note: Select the menu item.

0GHz Maximum Number of Passes: 20 Maximum Delta S: 0. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Analysis Setup Creating an Analysis Setup To create an analysis setup: 1.1GHz Stop: 20. Frequency Setup: Type: Linear Step Start: 0. Click the General tab: Solution Frequency: 12. Interpolating Sweep Options: Max Solutions: 20 Error Tolerance: 0.1-23 . Click the OK button Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: 1.0GHz Step: 0. 3. Edit Sweep Window: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2.9. Solution Setup Window: 1. Click the Options tab: Do Lambda Refinement: Checked Lambda Target: Use Default Value: Checked Order of bases function: Zero order. Sweep Type: Interpolating 2. Click the OK button 2.5% 4. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Frequency Sweep 1.02 2.1GHz 3. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2.

1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Save Project To save the project: 1. Click the Save button Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9. In an Ansoft HFSS window. From the Save As window. Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages.1-24 . type the Filename: hfss_spiral_inductor 3. see the Message Manager. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Or click the icon on the tool bar. select the menu item File > Save As. Analyze To start the solution process: 1. 2.9.

Click the Convergence Tab Note: The default view is for convergence is Table.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Solution Data To view the Solution Data: 1.1-25 . Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Solution Data To view the Profile: 1. Last Adaptive 2. To view the Matrix Data: 1. set the Simulation to Setup1. Select the Plot radio button to view a graphical representations of the convergence data. Click the Profile Tab. To view the Convergence: 1.9. Click the Matrix Data Tab Note: To view a real-time update of the Matrix Data. Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.

00 -40.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9. Domain: Sweep 3. Trace Window 1.00 10.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Create Reports Create Differential Pair S-Parameter Plot To create a report: 1. Click the New Report button 5.00 Freq [GHz] 15. Category: Terminal S Parameters 2.00 Y1 -20.1) 3.1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 dB(St(2. St(2.00 20.9. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.00 -30. Click the Close button Ansoft Corporation 0.00 S Plot HFSSDesign1 Curve Info dB(St(1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot 2.00 -35.1)) Setup1 : Sweep1 -5. Context Window: 1.00 -25.1-26 . Function: dB 4.1).00 0.00 -15.00 -10.00 5. Quantity: St(1.

00 20. Q22 Ansoft Corporation Q Plot Function: abs Click the New Report button 6. Quantity: Yt(1. Name: Q11 2.00 3. Click the Close button 9. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 4.1) 7.1) with Yt(2.2) 3.00 Freq [GHz] 15.9. Repeat for Q22.00 0. Output Variables dialog 1.00 8.00 7.1) 3.00 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info abs(Q11) Setup1 : Sweep1 abs(Q22) Setup1 : Sweep1 5.00 1. by replacing Yt(1.00 10.00 2. Click Y tab Category: Output Variables Quantity: Q11. Click the Insert into Expression button 5.00 0.1-27 .1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Create Reports (Continued) Custom Equations – Output Variables Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot Trace Window 1. Type: / 6. Function: im 4. Click the Add button 4. Click the Insert into Expression button 3.00 5.00 6.00 Y1 4. Click the Output Variables button 2. Domain: Sweep 5. Expression: 1.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9. Function: re 8. Category: Terminal Y Parameters 2. Quantity: Yt(1.

Click the Add button 3. Click the Insert into Expression button 6. Quantity: Yt(1.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9. Domain: Sweep 5. Function: im 5.9.00E-009 0. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 4. Type: ) 3.00E-009 L11 4. Output Variables dialog 1. Click the Output Variables button 2.00E-009 2. Category: Terminal Y Parameters 3.00E-008 8.00 Freq [GHz] 15.1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Create Reports (Continued) Custom Equations – Output Variables Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Terminal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot Trace Window 1.1) 4.00 10.00E+000 0. Name: L11 2.00 20. Type: -1/(2*pi*freq* 2.00 5. Expression: 1.00E-009 HFSSDesign1 Curve Info L11 Setup1 : Sweep1 6.1-28 . Click Y tab Category: Output Variables Quantity: L11 Function: none Click the New Report button Ansoft Corporation L Plot 6. Click the Close button 1.

9.1-29 .1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.

1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.9.1-30 .

1 Example – On-Chip Spiral Inductor Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 User’s Guide 9.9.1-31 .

Presentation Overview 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-1 .

Presentation Overview Quick Example – Coax Tee 1 HFSS – High Frequency Structure Simulator Full-Wave 3D field solver Solves for the fields in an arbitrary volume Coax Center Pin Coax Dielectric Outer Boundary Coax Shield Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-2 .

Presentation Overview Starting HFSS Click the Microsoft Start button. Toolbar: Insert HFSS Design To include additional designs into an existing project. select the menu item Project > Insert HFSS Design Alternatively to open a new project with a new design manually. Or Double click on the HFSS 11 icon on the Windows Desktop 1 Adding a Design When you first start HFSS a new project with a new design will be automatically added to the Project Tree. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-3 . select the menu item File > New. select Programs and select the Ansoft > HFSS 11 > HFSS 11 Programs.

Presentation Overview Ansoft Desktop Menu bar Toolbars 1 3D Modeler Window Project Manager with project tree Message Manager Progress Window Status bar Coordinate Entry Fields Property Window Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-4 .

Presentation Overview Ansoft Desktop – Project Manager Multiple Designs per Project Multiple Projects per Desktop Integrated Optimetrics Setup Requires License for Analysis Project Manager Window 1 Project Design Design Setup Design Automation •Parametric •Optimization •Sensitivity •Statistical Design Results Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-5 .

Presentation Overview Ansoft Desktop – 3D Modeler 3D Modeler Window 1 Graphics area Model 3D Modeler design tree Vertex Edge Coordinate System (CS) Plane Context menu Origin Face Model Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-6 .

calculates the terminal-based S-parameters of multi-conductor transmission line ports. Eigenmode . The S-matrix solutions will be expressed in terms of the incident and reflected powers of waveguide modes. Eigenmode – calculate the eigenmodes. Convergence Driven Modal – Delta S for modal S-Parameters.Solution Types Driven Modal . Click the OK button 1 HFSS .calculates the modal-based S-parameters.Delta F Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-7 . Select the menu item HFSS > Solution Type 2. Driven Terminal – Delta S for the single-ended or differential nodal S-Parameters. Generalized S-parameters Driven Terminal . The Eigenmode solver finds the resonant frequencies of the structure and the fields at those resonant frequencies. of a structure. or resonances.Presentation Overview Set Solution Type To set the solution type: 1. Choose Driven Modal 2. The Smatrix solutions will be expressed in terms of terminal voltages and currents. Solution Type Window: 1.

Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar. Type pec in the Search by Name field 2. Set Model Units: 1. Select Units: mm 2. Click the OK button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-8 . Click the OK button Set Default Material To set the default material: 1. choose Select 2. Select Definition Window: 1. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Units 2.Presentation Overview 1 Set Model Units To set the units: 1.

Presentation Overview 3D Modeler – Create a Primitive Point 1 1 Point 1 Grid Plane Point 3 Base Rectangle Point 2 Point 2 Coordinate Entry Fields Point 3 The Coordinate Entry fields allow equations to be entered for position values. 2*cos(10*(pi/180)). Examples: 2*5. 2+6+8. Variables are not allowed in the Coordinate Entry Field Note: Note Trig functions are in radians Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-9 .

Presentation Overview 3D Modeler – Object Properties Commands 1 Attributes Commands Attributes Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-10 .

Presentation Overview 3D Modeler – Attributes 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-11 .

86.0 Z: 0. enter the height of the cylinder dX: 6.0. Press the Enter key : 0.0.86. : 4.0 Using the coordinate entry fields.0 Y: 0.0.0. enter the radius of the cylinder dX: 0.0 Press the Enter key : 6. Using the coordinate entry fields.0 dZ: 0.0 dY: .0.0. Using the coordinate entry fields. : 0. Continued on Next Page Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-12 . : 0. enter the center position X: 0. 5. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2.0 dY: 0.0 dZ: 0 0. : .0. Press the Enter key : 0.Presentation Overview Set Grid Plane To set the Grid Plane: Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Grid Plane > YZ 1 Create Coax Pin To create the coax pin: 1. : : 0.

Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-13 . Click the OK button To finish editing the object properties 1. Height: H 3. For the Value of Name type: Coax_Pin To set the color: 1. Click the OK button To set the name: 1. Press the Tab key 4. 2. Click the Edit button To set the transparency: 1. 2.Presentation Overview Create Coax Pin (Continued) To Parameterize the Height 1. Select the Command tab from the Properties window 2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Value: 6mm 2. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. Add Variable Window 1. 2.

Drag Optimization. Boundaries. Excitations.Controls the display of: 3D Modeler Objects. Color Keys. and color of light Projection – Control camera and perspective Background Color – Control color of 3D Modeler background View > Active View Visibility .Views View > Modify Attributes > Orientation – Predefined/Custom View Angles Lighting – Control angle.Presentation Overview 3D Modeler . Field Plots 1 View > Options – Stereo Mode. intensity. Color Key Defaults. Default Rotation View > Render > Wire Frame or Smooth Shaded (Default) View > Coordinate System > Hide or Small (Large) View > Grid Setting – Controls the grid display Toolbar: Toggle Grid Visibility Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-14 .

Presentation Overview Changing the View Toolbar Rotate Around Current Axis Pan Fit All Rotate Around Rotate Around Screen Center Model Center Dynamic Zoom Zoom In/Out Fit Selected Predefined View Angles Top 1 Context Menu Left Right Bottom Shortcuts Since changing the view is a frequently used operation. some useful shortcut keys exist. there are 9 pre-defined view angles that can be selected by holding the ALT key and double clicking on the locations shown on the next page.Pan ALT + Shift + Drag – Dynamic Zoom Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-15 . Shift + Drag . Press the appropriate keys and drag the mouse with the left button pressed: ALT + Drag – Rotate In addition.

0 Y: 0.0 5. Select the Attribute tab from the Properties window. : 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. 2. For the Value of Name type: Coax 3. : 4.Presentation Overview Set Default Material To set the default material: Using the 3D Modeler Materials toolbar.0. : 0.0 dY: 2. enter the height of the cylinder dX: 6. Press the Enter key : 0. Press the Enter key : 0. : 2.0 Press the Enter key : 6.0 Z: 0.0 dZ: 0 0.0.0 dZ: 0. Using the coordinate entry fields. Using the coordinate entry fields.0.0. Click the OK button To set the name: 1. choose vacuum 1 Create Coax To create the coax: 1.0 dY: 0. To Parameterize the Height: 1. : : 0. Select the Command tab from the Properties window 2. Select the menu item Draw > Cylinder 2. Height: H 3. enter the radius of the cylinder dX: 0. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-16 . enter the center position X: 0.0.0.0.

Click the Next button 2. Renormalize All Modes: Checked 2. Click the Next button 3.Presentation Overview Create Excitation Face Selection Select the menu item Edit > Select > Faces By moving the mouse. Click the Finish button 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-17 . Name: p1 2. Wave Port : Post Processing 1. Wave Port : Modes 1. graphically highlight the top face of the Coax object Click the left mouse button to select the face Assign Excitation Select the menu item HFSS > Excitations > Assign > Wave Port 1. Wave Port : General 1. Full Port Impedance: 50 Ohm 4.

1 Works with all boundaries and excitations Select the menu item Tools > Options > HFSS Options HFSS Options Window: 1. 2. Click the OK button Example: Assign an Excitation to the face of an object Duplicate the object around an axis three times The Excitation is automatically duplicated Checked Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-18 . Click the General tab Use Wizards for data entry when creating new boundaries: : Duplicate boundaries with geometry: Checked : 2.Presentation Overview Duplicate boundaries with geometry 1.

Select the menu item Edit > Select All Visible. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-19 . 2. Select the menu item View > Fit All > Active View. Total Number: 3 4. Edit > Duplicate > Around Axis. 1. Angle: 90 3.Presentation Overview Set Object Selection Set select to objects 1. Axis: Z 2. Click the OK button To fit the view: 1. Or press the CTRL+A key. Select the menu item. Select the menu item Edit > Select > Objects 1 Create Tee To create Tee: 1.

Select Object Dialog. Select the objects named: Coax_Pin. Coax_2 2. 1. Click the OK button Unite 1. Coax_Pin_1. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Boolean > Unite Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-20 . Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. 1. 2. Select the objects named: Coax. Coax_Pin_2 Coax_Pin. Select Object Dialog. Coax_1. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Click the OK button Unite 1. Select the menu item 3D Modeler > Boolean > Unite 1 Unite Coax Select Coax 1.Presentation Overview Unite Conductors Select Conductors 1.

Solution Setup Creating an Analysis Setup Add Solution Setup 1 To create an analysis setup: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Solution Setup 2. Solution Setup Window: 1. Click the General tab: : Solution Frequency: 10.0 GHz : 2. Click the OK button Picking the Adapt Frequency See User Guide Chapter 2 Adapt Frequency Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-21 .Presentation Overview HFSS .

Select the menu item HFSS > Analysis Setup > Add Sweep 1.0 GHz Stop: 10.Presentation Overview Adding a Frequency Sweep To add a frequency sweep: Add Sweep 1.0 GHz : Step: 0. Click the OK button 1 HFSS – Frequency Sweep Discrete – Solves using adaptive mesh at every frequency Matrix Data and Fields at every frequency in sweep Fast .1 GHz : Save Fields: Checked 3. Edit Sweep Window: 1. Frequency Setup Type: Linear Step : Start: 1.ALPS Matrix Data and Fields at every frequency in sweep Interpolating – Adaptively determines discrete solve points using the adaptive mesh Matrix Data at every frequency in sweeps Fields at last adaptive solution Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-22 . Sweep Type: Fast : 2. Select Solution Setup: Setup1 2. Click the OK button 2.

Select the menu item HFSS > Validation Check 2. Click the Close button Note: To view any errors or warning messages. select the menu item File > Save As. Click the Save button 1 Analyze Model Validation To validate the model: 1. From the Save As window. In an Ansoft HFSS window. type the Filename: hfss_coax_tee 3.Presentation Overview Save Project To save the project: 1. 2. Select the menu item HFSS > Analyze All Validate Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar Analyze All P1-23 . use the Message Manager. Analyze To start the solution process: 1.

Domain: Sweep 3. Report Type: Modal S Parameters 2. Display Type: Rectangular 3.p2). S(p1. Category: Terminal S Parameter 2. Click the OK button 3. Function: dB 4. Create Report Window: : 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Results > Create Report 2. Solution: Setup1: Sweep1 2.p1). S(p2. Quantity: S(p1. Click the Done button 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-24 . Click the Y tab 1. Traces Window: : 1.p3) 3.Presentation Overview Create Reports To create a report: 1. Click the Add Trace button 4.

Click the Close button Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar 1 P1-25 . Select Use Limits 2. Click the Apply button. Select Object Dialog. In Volume: All 4. E-Field Window: 1. Solution: Setup1 : LastAdaptive 2. Select the objects named: Coax 2. Click the Scale tab 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Fields > E > Mag_E 3. Quantity: Mag_E 3. IsoValType: IsoValSurface 2.Presentation Overview Field Overlays To create a field plot: 1. Click the OK button 3. 1. Select Plot Folder Window: 1. Min: 5 3. Select: E Field 2. 4. Click the Plot tab 1. Create Field Plot Window 1. Select an object to overlay fields 1. Click the OK button 2. Scale: Log 2. Max: 25000 4. Select the menu item Edit > Select > By Name 2. Click the Done button To modify the attributes of a field plot: 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Modify Plot Attributes 2.

RLC.Presentation Overview What is HFSS? HFSS – High Frequency Structure Simulator Arbitrary 3D Volumetric Full-Wave Field Solver Ansoft Desktop Advanced ACIS based Modeling True Parametric Technology – Dynamic Editing Powerful Report Generation Dynamic Field Visualization Design Flow Automation Optimetrics/Ansoft Designer/AnsoftLinks Advanced Material Types Frequency Dependent Materials Non-linear Materials Anisotropic Materials Advanced Boundary Conditions Radiation and Perfectly Matched Layers Symmetry. and Layered Impedance Master/Slave – Unit Cells Advanced Solver Technology Automatic Conformal Mesh Generation Adaptive Mesh Generation Internal/External Excitations – Includes Loss ALPS Fast Frequency Sweep Eigenmode Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar 1 P1-26 . Finite Conductivity. Infinite Planes.

Frequency Selective Surfaces (FSS) & Photonic Band Gaps (PBG) Radar Cross Section (RCS) Microwave Filters – Cavity Filters. Dielectric EMC/EMI – Shield Enclosures.Patches. GBX. Backplane. Transitions. Near. VHDM.Presentation Overview Common HFSS Applications Antenna Planar Antennas . Coax Transitions – Differential/Single-ended Vias 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-27 . SFP/XFP. Horns.or Far-Field Radiation Connectors – Coax. Mesh Grid Grounds. QFP. Flip-Chip PCB Board Modeling – Power/Ground planes. Resonators. Dipoles. NexLev.Spiral Inductors. Spirals Waveguide – Circular/Square Horns Wire – Dipole. Couplers Silicon/GaSa . Helix Arrays .Infinite Arrays. Microstrip. Conformal Cell Phone Antennas. Transitions Waveguide – Filters. Coupling. Transformers Integrity/HighSignal Integrity/High-Speed Digital Package Modeling – BGA. Backplanes Connectors – SFP/XFP.

Cadence Spectre. and Z-Parameters VSWR Excitations Complex Propagation Constant (Gamma) Zo Full-Wave Spice Full-Wave Spice – Broadband Model Lumped RLC – Low Frequency Model Partial Fraction .Matlab Export Formats – HSPICE.Presentation Overview What Information does HFSS Compute? Matrix Data Modal/Terminal/Differential S-. Citifile Graphics – Windows Clipboard Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar 1 P1-28 . and Maxwell SPICE Common Display Formats: Rectangular. Polar Smith Chart Data Tables Common Output Formats: Neutral Models Files (NMF) (Optimetrics only) Parametric Results Touchstone. PSPICE. Data Tables. Y-. Matlab.

GIF. Radiation Patterns Common Output Formats: Animations – AVI. Polar. GIF Data Tables Graphics – Windows Clipboard. BMP. VRML 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-29 .Presentation Overview What Information does HFSS Compute? (Continued) Fields Modal/Terminal/Differential Electric Field Magnetic Field Current (Volume/Surface) Power Specific Absorption Rate Radiation 2D/3D Far-/Near-Fields Arrays – Regular and Custom Setups RCS Field Calculator User Defined Field Calculations Common Display Formats Volume Surface Vector 2D Reports – Rectangular. TIFF. JPG.

Number of discrete solution points varies with response. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-30 . there would be no limit to the accuracy of the Finite Element Method! Mesh Type: Conformal Vertex: Vertex Explicitly Solved Mesh Element: Tetrahedron Mesh Process: Adaptive Edge: Edge Explicitly Solved Convergence: Complex Magnitude SChange in S-Parameters (Delta S) Excitations .Presentation Overview What is the Technology Behind the HFSS Field Solver? Volumetric Field Solver Type: Full-Wave FullSolution Method: 3D Finite Element Method (FEM) Accuracy: Accuracy If there were no limits on the size of the matrix and on the number of digits 1 for computation. Interpolating Sweep Adaptive Discrete Sweep with curve fitting Supports sweeps as large as 10000 data points.Port Solver Face: Interpolated Face Solution Method: 2D Finite Element Method Mesh Process: Adaptive Frequency Sweeps Fast Frequency Sweep: ALPS Matrix Data and Fields at every frequency in sweep Supports sweeps as large as 10000 data points from a single solution.

Convergence: Mesh Convergence Real-Time update of performance per adaptive solution. Matrix Data Fields Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-31 . This ensures simulations are correct the first time.Presentation Overview Initial Mesh 1 Adaptive Refinement Adaptive Mesh Refinement automatically tunes the mesh to the electrical performance of the device.

2.Presentation Overview The Process Design 1 Solution Type 1.1 Mesh Operations 2. Excitations 4. Boundaries 1. Parametric Model Geometry/Materials 1. Analysis Solution Setup Frequency Sweep Analyze Mesh Refinement Solve 3. Solve Loop YES Update Finished P1-32 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar .1. Results 2D Reports Fields NO Converged 4.

Presentation Overview Initial Solution Seeding and Lambda Refinement (Single Frequency) Port Solution (Adaptive) 1 Initial Mesh Ports Only & Frequency Sweep Full Volumetric Solution (S-Parameters/E(S-Parameters/E-Fields) No Adaptive Meshing Refine Mesh E(Gradient of E-Field at Single Frequency) Adaptive Mesh Loop Full Volumetric Solution (S-Parameters/E(S-Parameters/E-Fields) No Check Convergence (Delta S) YES Frequency Sweep Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-33 .

Presentation Overview 3D Modeler – Model Tree Select menu item 3D Modeler > Group by Material 1 Material Object Object Command History Grouped by Material Object View Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-34 .

Presentation Overview 3D Modeler – Commands Parametric Technology Dynamic Edits .Change Dimensions Add Variables Project Variables (Global) or Design Variables (Local) Animate Geometry Include Units – Default Unit is meters Supports mixed Units 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-35 .

Arc. Rectangle.Presentation Overview 3D Modeler – Primitives 2D Draw Objects The following 2D Draw objects are available: Line. Circle. Cylinder. Torus. Bond Wire Toolbar: 2D Objects Toolbar: 3D Objects Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-36 . Spiral. Equation Based Surface 1 3D Draw Objects The following 3D Draw objects are available: Box. Ellipse. Helix. Regular Polygon. Sphere. Regular Polyhedron Cone. Spline. Equation Based Curve.

Presentation Overview Splitting versus Subtracting objects Two or more true surface objects overlapping Perform Split of objects for Meshing purposes 1. Move coordinate system to a desired position 2. Select desired split plane and Both sets of objects to keep. 1 Relative CS Original Model (overlaps between two cylinders) No need to Copy->Subtract->Paste Recommended approach Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-37 . Select multiple objects to split 3. Select 3D Modeler > Boolean > Split 4.

Edit > Arrange > Move – Translates the structure along a vector Rotate – Rotates the shape around a coordinate axis by an angle Mirror – Mirrors the shape around a specified plane Offset – Performs a uniform scale in x. or z axis Mirror . y. y. or z direction Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-38 . YZ. and z. XZ) Split Crossing Objects – splits objects along a plane (XY. Toolbar: Arrange Edit > Duplicate > Along Line – Create multiple copies of an object along a vector Around Axis – Create multiple copies of an object rotated by a fixed angle around the x.Mirrors the shape around a specified plane and creates a duplicate Toolbar: Duplicate Edit > Scale – Allows non-uniform scaling in the x.Presentation Overview 3D Modeler – Boolean Operations/Transformations 3D Modeler > Boolean > Unite – combine multiple primitives Unite disjoint objects (Separate Bodies to separate) Separate Subtract – remove part of a primitive from another Intersect– Intersect keep only the parts of primitives that overlap Split – break primitives into multiple parts along a plane (XY. XZ) only where they intersect Separate Bodies – separates objects which are united but not physically connected into individual objects Toolbar: Boolean 1 3D Modeler > Surfaces > Move Faces – Resize or Reposition an objects face along a normal or vector. YZ. y.

To Disable: Select the menu item Tools > Options > 3D Modeler Options From the Display Tab uncheck Highlight selection dynamically Tab. Selected Dynamically Highlighted (Only frame of object) Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-39 .Selection Selection Types Object (Default) Face Edge Vertex 1 Selection Modes All Objects All Visible Object By Name Highlight Selection Dynamically – By default.Presentation Overview 3D Modeler . Multiple Object Selection – Hold the CTRL key down to graphically select multiple objects Next Behind – To select an object located behind another object. select the front object. Note: The mouse pointer must be located such that the next behind object is under the mouse pointer. moving the mouse pointer over an object will dynamically highlight the object for selection. press the b key to get the next behind. To select the object simply click the left mouse button.

Presentation Overview 3D Modeler – Moving Around 1 Step 1: Start Point Step 2: Hold X key and select vertex point Edge Center Snap Toolbar: Snap Mode Step 3: CTRL+Enter Keys set a local reference Step 4: Hold Z key and set height Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-40 .

Presentation Overview 3D Modeler – Coordinate System Can be Parameterized Working Coordinate System Currently selected CS. This can be a local or global CS Global CS The default fixed coordinate system Relative CS User defined local coordinate system. Offset Rotated Toolbar: Coordinate System Both Face CS (setting available to automatically switch to face coordinate system in the 3D Modeler Options) 1 Step 1: Select Face Step 2: Select Origin Cone created with Face CS Change Box Size and Cone is automatically positioned with the top face of the box P1-41 Step 3: Set X-Axis New Working CS Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar .

Presentation Overview HFSS – Matrix Data HFSS > Results > Solution Data 1 Export NMF. PSPICE. Data Tables. MATLAB (*.m) NOTE: Make sure the Simulation is set to a Sweep before exporting. Citifile. The Adaptive Passes will only export a single frequency point. Touchstone. Spectre. Maxwell SPICE Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-42 . Equivalent Circuit Export HSPICE.

Presentation Overview Results – Data Management HFSS > Results > Browse Solutions Solved model variations are retained. Unless otherwise notified by HFSS. 1 HFSS > Results > Clean Up Solutions HFSS > Results > Import Solutions Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-43 .

Presentation Overview Results – Create Reports HFSS > Results > Create Report Output Variables User Defined Equations 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-44 .

Presentation Overview Fields Select Object Volume. Surface. or Line to display fields 1 HFSS > Fields > Plot Fields > Modify Plot – Solution/Frequency/Qty Plot Attributes Edit Sources – Change Excitation Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-45 .

Select an object 2.Presentation Overview Mesh Display Field Overlay 1. Select the menu item HFSS > Fields > Plot Mesh 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-46 .

Excitations.Presentation Overview Menu Structure Draw – Primitives 3D Modeler – Settings and Boolean Operations Edit – Arrange. Mesh Operations. Analysis Setup. Results 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-47 . Duplicate HFSS – Boundaries.

Presentation Overview Measure 3D Modeler > Measure > Position – Points and Distance Length – Edge Length Area – Surface Area Volume – Object Volume 1 Position Points Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-48 .

Presentation Overview Options – General Tools > Options > General Options Temp Directory – Location used during solution process Make sure it is at least 512MB free disk. 1 Options .HFSS Tools > Options > HFSS Options > Solver Number of Processors – Requires additional license Desired RAM Limit – leave it unchecked for auto-detect Maximum RAM Limit – leave it unchecked for auto-detect Process Priority – set the simulation priority from Critical (highest) to Idle (lowest) Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-49 .

0. From HFSS v11. Boundaries.1 or v10. v10.0 1. Open dialog 1.hfss file 3.2.0 licenses. Select the menu item File > Open 2. Sources and Setup 1 Legacy License Existing customers using HFSS v9.1.hfss) (.hfss hfss) 2. Files of Type: Ansoft HFSS Project Files (. Optimetrics.x or v9. Materials. Browse to the existing project and select the . These licenses allow you to run v11.x Contact your Account Manager if this feature is not available NOTE: Once a project is saved in v11 it can no longer be opened in previous versions Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-50 . Click the Open button What is Converted? Converts Entire Model: Geometry.3 should have received legacy licenses with the new v11.Presentation Overview Converting Older HFSS Projects HFSS v9 to HFSS v10 v11.

Area analysis based on user inputs List of problems (faces. vertices) Auto Zoom In into region where problem exists Remove Face Remove Edge Remove Sliver Remove Vertices Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-51 .Presentation Overview Geometry Healing Healing Geometry Key Edit Features 1 Auto/Manual Import Healing 3D Model Analysis – 3D Modeler/Analyze Face. Object . edges.

Presentation Overview Fault Tolerant Meshing Mesh Generation Significantly improved mesh generation algorithms 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-52 .

Presentation Overview Fault Tolerant Meshing Model Resolution 1 before: Mesh before 184.691 tets Length=0.1 mm Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-53 .675 tets Mesh after: 24.

cylindrical.Presentation Overview Dynamic Links New dynamic links with HFSS and between Designer/Nexxim and SIWave 1 New incident wave: Spherical. line dipole. Gaussian beam. etc Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-54 .

providing near-linear reduction of simulation run times 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-55 .Presentation Overview Distributed Solve Distributed Analysis Automated parser management and reassembly of data Parametric tables and studies Frequency sweeps for discrete. distributed analysis allows up to 10 parallel simulations on remote machines. fast. and interpolating Per license.

0c http://www. the solver in HFSS is 64bit and can access a large memory footprint.microsoft.en-us.2 you can access sup to 3GB of Ram on a 32-bit PC All about 3GB switch.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/ddtools/hh/ddtools/bootini_1fcj.microsoft.aspx?scid=kb.Presentation Overview 1 Recommended Service Packs (SP) – PC only Microsoft Windows XP .com/default.aspx?scid=kb.en-us. supported OS http://support.291988 How to use /3GB switch http://msdn. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-56 .com/directx Update your video drivers to the latest available from the card manufacturer Memory allocation 32-bit Windows Since the release of HFSS v9.SP2 or higher Updating Drivers Update your DirectX drivers to ver9.asp Possible problems http://support.com/default.328269 Increasing Memory allocation HFSS v11 Since the release of HFSS v10.microsoft.

x Note: Requires OpenGL Note: Please perform required OS updates outlined in readme file on the CD 1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-57 .Presentation Overview Linux Operating Systems Red Hat Enterprise 3 and 4 SUSE Linux Enterprise 9.

The following instructions describe how to prevent this: Select Tools > Desktop Controls Select Window Style Manager From the Style Manager – Window Uncheck Allow Primary Windows on Top Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-58 .Presentation Overview Unix Operating Systems Solaris 2.9 Note: Requires OpenGL Note: Please perform required OS updates outlined in readme file on the CD 1 Common Desktop (CDE) There is an issue with HFSS dialog boxes moving behind the main window.8 and 2.

auto >.hfss Double click from Windows Explorer will open and launch HFSS v11 Results and Mesh are stored in a folder named <project_name>.hfss.hfss project_name>. the date will be newer then the original Look at file size (provided in recover dialog) 1 Scripts Default Script recorded in v11 Visual Basic Script Remote Solve (Windows Only) Tools > Options > General Options > Analysis Options Uses DCOM Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-59 . software only checks date If an error occurred when saving the auto file.auto project_name>.hfss project_name>.hfss.hfssresults project_name>. >.Presentation Overview Project Files Everything regarding the project is stored in an ascii file File: <project_name>.hfss >.lock. Lock file: <project_name>.lock. When recovering. Created when a project is opened Auto Save File: <project_name>.hfssresults >.

and Smith Tool matching. noise figure. Post-processing includes rectangular plots. Utilities include real-time tuning. group delay. discontinuities. The software also includes a complete set of linear distributed transmission line models. Y-. and stability circles of RF and microwave circuits. vendor component parts.com/ansoftdesignersv Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-60 . and data tables. and Z-parameters. Smith Charts. and ideal circuit elements. Additionally. all integrated in an easy-to-use environment. and post-processing. schematic and layout design entry. filter and TRL synthesis. Download: Free Download www. Ansoft Designer SV comes with a set of real-world examples.ansoft.Presentation Overview Ansoft Designer SV 1 Ansoft Designer™ SV is a full-featured subset of Ansoft's commercially distributed Ansoft Designer Ansoft Designer SV contains a complete high-frequency linear circuit simulator. polar plots. powerful design utilities. Ansoft Designer SV allows the simulation of S-.

PA (412) 261-3200 x0 – Ask for Technical Support Burlington.cfm 1 Application Engineers for North America The names and numbers in this list may change without notice 9-4 EST: Pittsburgh. The Ansoft Support Pages provide additional documentation. CA (714) 417-9311 x6 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P1-61 .Presentation Overview For Technical Support The following link will direct you to the Ansoft Support Page.ansoft. OR (503) 906-7944 Irvine. Web Site: http://www.com/support. and application notes. CA (408) 261-9095 x0 – Ask for Technical Support Portland. MA (781) 229-8900 x0 – Ask for Technical Support 9-4 PST: San Jose. training.

.

and have a continuous distribution (along with their derivatives) ∇× Along boundaries of media or at sources.Presentation Boundary/Excitations . the solution to Maxwell’s equations requires a rigorous matrix approach such as the Finite Element Method (FEM) which is used by Ansoft HFSS.Overview Why are They Critical? For most practical problems. The wave equation solved by Ansoft HFSS is derived from the differential form of Maxwell’s equations. it is assumed that the field vectors are: single-valued. For these expressions to be valid. Field vectors are discontinuous Derivatives of the field vectors have no meaning 2 ∂B ∂t ∂D ∇×H = J + ∂t ∇⋅D= ρ E=− ∇⋅B=0 Boundary Conditions define the field behavior across discontinuous boundaries Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-1 . bounded.

Overview Why do I Care? They Force the fields to align with the definition of the boundary condition As a user I should be asking What assumptions. the boundary conditions can be used to improve the: Solution Time Computer Resources Failure to understand boundary conditions may lead to inconsistent results Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-2 . do the boundary conditions make? Are these assumptions appropriate for the structure being simulated? 2 Model Scope To reduce the infinite space of the real world to a finite volume. Ansoft HFSS automatically applies a boundary to the surface surrounding the geometric model Outer boundary Default Boundary: Perfect E Model Complexity To reduce the complexity of a model. about the fields.Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Overview What are Common Ansoft HFSS Boundary Conditions? Excitations Wave Ports (External) Lumped Ports (Internal) 2 Surface Approximations Perfect E or Perfect H Surface Finite Conductivity Surface Impedance Surface Symmetry Planes Radiation Surface Largely the users responsibility Material Properties Boundary between two dielectrics Finite Conductivity of a conductor Transparent to the user Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-3 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

The surface impedance (Zs) is equal to.Overview Surface Approximations Perfect E – Forces the electric field perpendicular to the surface Outer Surface – Default Boundary PEC/Perfect Conductor Material Property Model complexity: Reduced by eliminating conductor loss Perfect H – Forces the electric field tangent to the surface Perfect E Surface 2 Perfect H Surface Finite Conductivity – Lossy electric conductor. Rs + jXs (Ohms/Square) Layered Impedance – Models multiple thin layers in a structure as an Impedance Surface Lumped RLC – Parallel combination Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-4 . Forces the tangential electric field at the surface to: Zs(n x Htan).Presentation Boundary/Excitations . Model complexity: Reduced by eliminating conductor thickness Impedance Surface – Represent surfaces of a known impedance Forces the tangential electric field at the surface to: Zs(n x Htan). (1+j)/(δσ). The surface impedance (Zs) is equal to.

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview Surface Approximations (Continued) Symmetry Planes – Enable you to model only part of a structure Perfect E or Perfect H Symmetry Planes Must be exposed to the outer surface Must be on a planar surface 2 Remember! Mechanical Symmetry does not Equal Electrical Symmetry Model complexity: Reduced by eliminating part of the solution volume Perfect E Symmetry Full Model Perfect H Symmetry Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-5 .

Perfectly Matched Layer (PML) – Allows waves to radiate infinitely far into space. The boundary absorbs wave at the radiation surface Can be placed on arbitrary surfaces Accuracy depends on The distance between the boundary and the radiating object The radiation boundary should be located at least one-quarter of a wavelength from a radiating structure. Fictitious materials that fully absorb the electromagnetic fields impinging upon them. Avoid angles greater then ~30degrees. If you are simulating a structure that does not radiate. Not a Boundary Condition. The incident angle The radiation boundary will reflect varying amounts of energy depending on the incidence angle. Types Free Space Termination or Reflection Free Termination Can only be placed on planar surface Model complexity: They do not suffer from the distance or incident angle problems of Radiation boundaries but should be place at least one-tenth of a wave length from strong radiators Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-6 . These materials are complex anisotropic. In addition.Presentation Boundary/Excitations . the radiation boundary must remain convex relative to the wave.Overview Surface Approximations (Continued) 2 Radiation Surface – Allows waves to radiate infinitely far into space. The best performance is achieved at normal incidence. the boundary can be located less then one-quarter of a wave length (The validity of this assumption will require your engineering judgment).

or far-field radiation during post processing Types: Perfect E.Overview Surface Approximations (Continued) Infinite Ground Planes – Simulate the effects of an infinite ground plane Only affects the calculation of near. Finite Conductivity. or Impedance Surface Frequency Dependent Boundary Conditions The following boundary parameters can be assigned an expression that includes Freq: Finite Conductivity Impedance Lumped RLC Layered Impedance Supported Frequency Sweeps Single Frequency Discrete Sweep Interpolating Sweep 2 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-7 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Overview Excitations Ports are a unique type of boundary condition Allow energy to flow into and out of a structure.Presentation Boundary/Excitations . Defined on 2D planar surface Arbitrary port solver calculates the natural field patterns or modes Assumes semi-infinitely long waveguide Same cross-section and material properties as port surface 2D field patterns serve as boundary conditions for the full 3D problem Excitation Types Wave Port (Waveguide) – External Recommended only for surfaces exposed to the background Supports multiple modes (Example: Coupled Lines) and deembedding Compute Generalized S-Parameters Port 4 Frequency dependent Characteristic Impedance (Zo) Measurements Constant Zo Perfectly matched at every frequency Lumped Port – Internal Recommended only for surfaces internal to geometric model Single mode (TEM) and no deembedding Normalized to a constant user defined Zo Port 3 2 Port 1 Port 2 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-8 .

y ) = 0 µ   r  where: E(x. y ) − k 0 ε r E ( x . εr is the complex relative permittivity. To solve this equation. µr is the complex relative permeability. A different excitation field pattern is computed for each frequency point of interest. k0 is the free space wave number.Overview Excitations (Continued) 2 Wave Equation The field pattern of a traveling wave inside a waveguide can be determined by solving Maxwell’s equations. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-9 .  1  2 ∇ ×  ∇ × E ( x .Presentation Boundary/Excitations . E(x. only after being multiplied by e-γz do they become traveling waves.y) is a phasor representing an oscillating electric field.y). The following equation that is solved by the 2D solver is derived directly from Maxwell’s equation. the 2D solver obtains an excitation field pattern in the form of a phasor solution. These phasor solutions are independent of z and t. Also note that the excitation field pattern computed is valid only at a single frequency.

Wave Ports Require a Length of Uniform Cross Section Ansoft HFSS assumes that each port you define is connected to a semi-infinitely long waveguide that has the same cross section as the Wave Port no uniform cross section at Wave Ports uniform cross section added for each Wave Port Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-10 .Overview Excitations (Continued) 2 Modes. the S-parameters associated with these modes should be calculated. Reflections. and Propagation It is also possible for a 3D field solution generated by an excitation signal of one specific mode to contain reflections of higher-order modes which arise due to discontinuities in a high frequency structure.Presentation Boundary/Excitations . If these higher-order modes are reflected back to the excitation port or transmitted onto another port. If the higher-order mode decays before reaching any port—either because of attenuation due to losses or because it is a non-propagating evanescent mode—there is no need to obtain the S-parameters for that mode.

Symmetry or Impedance Recognized at the port edges Radiation Default interface is a Perfect E boundary Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-11 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations . CPW. etc. Slotline.Overview Excitations (Continued) Wave Port Boundary Conditions 2 Perfect E or Finite Conductivity Default: All outer edges are Perfect E boundary. Port is defined within a waveguide. Easy for enclosed transmission lines: Coax or Waveguide Challenging for unbalanced or non-enclosed lines: Microstrip.

Overview Excitations (Continued) Lumped Port Boundary Conditions 2 Perfect E or Finite Conductivity Any port edge that interfaces with a conductor or another port edge Perfect H All remaining port edges Perfect E Perfect H Perfect H Perfect E Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-12 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Determines: Direction and polarity of fields Voltage calculations. Equivalent transformation performed from Modal Solution Calibration: Terminal Line Polarity Nodal voltage integration path 2 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-13 . Definition not desirable for problems having several propagating quasi-TEM modes Coupled/Multi-Coupled Transmission Lines Always used by the solver Calibration: Integration Line Phase between Ports Modal voltage integration path: Zpi. Zvi Solution Type: Driven Terminal Linear combination of nodal voltages and currents for the Wave Port.Presentation Boundary/Excitations . Zpv.Overview Excitations (Continued) Excitation – Calibration Ports must be calibrated to ensure consistent results. Solution Type: Driven Modal Expressed in terms of the incident and reflected powers of the waveguide modes.

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview Example Solution Types: 2 Mode 1 (Even Mode) Integration Line Mode 2 (Odd Mode) Integration Line Port1 2 Modes Modal Port2 2 Modes Modes to Nodes Transformation T1 T2 T1 T1 Port1 T2 SPICE Differential Pairs Terminal Port2 T2 P2-14 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar .

Overview 2 Application of Boundary Conditions .Case 1 Emulate laboratory measurements Verification/Validation before production Picture courtesy of Delphi Picture courtesy of Tektronix Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-15 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Application of Boundary Conditions . Exciting arbitrary transmission lines) Not physically possible to measure in the laboratory Full-Wave analysis not required for total system Or total system too complex Design work/Component level optimization Post production problem solving Total System Isolated Component – Via Transition Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-16 .Case 2 Isolate part of a structure (i.e.

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Example Structure Coax to Stripline LAYER 1 (TOP SIDE) LAYER 2 (SIGNAL) LAYER 3 (BOTTOM SIDE) Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-17 .

Presentation Boundary/Excitations . air Note: Substrate/Air boundary included in structure Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-18 .Overview 2 Material Properties All 3D (Solid) objects have material definitions To complete the model shown previously we must include the air that surrounds the structure.

Presentation Boundary/Excitations . Assumes one skin depth – User must manually force Ansoft HFSS to solve inside lossy conductors that are ≤ a skin depth smetal Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-19 .Overview Remember! Material Boundary conditions are transparent to the user They are not visible in the Project Tree Example Material Boundary: Conductors Surface Approximations 2 Perfect Conductors Lossy Conductors Perfect E Boundary (Boundary Name: smetal) Finite Conductivity Boundary Forces E-Field perpendicular to surface Forces tangential E-Field to ((1+j)/(δσ))(n x Htan).

Overview 2 Surface Approximations Background or Outer Boundary Not visible in the Project Tree Any object surface that touches it Perfect E Boundary Default boundary applied to the region surrounding the geometric model Model is encased in a thin metal layer that no fields propagate through outer Override with Radiation Boundary Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-20 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 What Port Type Should I Use? Example is easy decision Port touches background (External) Cross Section is Coax (Enclosed Transmission Line) Wave Port Solution Type: Driven Terminal SPICE Output Identify Port Type & Cross Section Assign Excitation & Calibrate Port Define Default Post Processing P2-21 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar .

Uniform port cross-section Only supports a single mode Higher-order modes caused by reflections would attenuate before port Modes attenuate as a function of e-αz. crossUniform cross-section Rule of Thumb: 5x Critical Distance Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-22 .Overview 2 Is it Really that Simple? Yes. but the geometric model was setup with several considerations 1. Only the face of the coax dielectric was selected for the port face Port Boundary conditions define outer conductor Material Definitions define inner conductor 2.Presentation Boundary/Excitations . assuming propagation in the z-direction. Required distance (uniform port length) depends on modes propagation constant.

Fields within the structure 3. Assumptions made by port solver 4.usually only by dumb luck! User Must Understand and/or Implement Correctly: 1.Overview 2 How often is the Setup that Simple? If you are emulating laboratory measurements? [Case 1 ] Most of the time! Laboratory equipment does not directly connect to arbitrary transmission lines Exceptions Emulating Complex Probes with a Port Understanding of Probe If you are isolating part of a structure? [Case 2 ] For “real” designs .Presentation Boundary/Excitations . Return path Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-23 . Port Boundary conditions and impact of boundary condition 2.

Complex Structure BGA. Backplane. Failing to understand the fields in the structure Boundary Problem Return path problems – Model truncation 2.Overview 2 Side Note: Problems Associated with Correlating Results [Case 2] Can be broken into two categories of problems 1. Antenna Feed. Waveguide “Plumbing”. etc. Simple Structures Uniform transmission lines Equations or Circuit Elements Most common problems result from Improper use of default or excitation boundary conditions Failure to understand the assumptions used by “correct” results (Equations or Circuit Elements) Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-24 . etc Most common problems result from Measurement setup – Test fixtures. deembedding.Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Overview 2 Why are they critical? Any current injected into a system must return to the source DC Chooses path of least resistance AC Chooses path of least inductance A signal propagates between the signal trace and its reference plane Reference plane is just as important as signal trace! Why do I care? Many real designs have nonideal return paths These effects are only captured by full-wave simulators Isolating parts of a structure Failure to maintain the correct return path will Limit correlation to measurements Mask or create design problems Port and Boundary setup is the most common source of error in model setup Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-25 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Port2 Port3 No DC Return Path Port1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-26 .

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Port2 Port3 DC Return Path Port1 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-27 .

Overview 2 DC & RF Return Path S21 S31 S11 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-28 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Case 2 Isolate Transition Deembed Recombine using Ansoft Designer .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Isolate part of structure .Circuit Wave Port Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-29 .

Circuit Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-30 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Ansoft Designer .

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-31 .

Overview 2 What went wrong? Isolate Port from Discontinuity? Yes Uniform Cross-Section? NO – The cross section of the port (including its boundaries) is not maintained Maintain Return Path? NO – Boundary on port shorts the planes together at edges Identical to placing vias at port edge! All Modes Accounted for? NO – Did not consider Parallel Plate mode Even if we did. the via (port edge) cuts off mode Reason vias are used! Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-32 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Overview 2 2 Terminals Parallel Plate Mode Matching Ansoft Designer .Circuit Stripline Wave Port Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-33 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Lumped Port Port Influences Results No DC Return Path Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-34 .

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-35 .

Overview Signal GND 2 Power SIDE T2 T1 T3 Lumped Gap Port GND G P Power TOP BOTTOM Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar Terminal Line P2-36 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Lumped Gap Port Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-37 .

Presentation Boundary/Excitations .Overview 2 Differential Lumped Gap Ports Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-38 .

Overview 2 Port G S G Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-39 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations .

w ≥ h or 5w (3h to 4h). model the real structure!) Port Width Guidelines 10w. w < h 6h to 10h w h Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-40 . for microstrip profiles with w ≥ h 5w. for microstrip profiles with w < h 10w.Presentation Boundary/Excitations . or on the order of 3h to 4h.Overview 2 Microstrip Port Sizing Guidelines Assume width of microstrip trace is w Assume height of substrate dielectric is h Port Height Guidelines Between 6h and 10h Tend towards upper limit as dielectric constant drops and more fields exist in air rather than substrate Bottom edge of port coplanar with the upper face of ground plane (If real structure is enclosed lower than this guideline.

h Port Width Guidelines 8w.Overview Stripline Port Sizing Guidelines Assume width of stripline trace is w Assume height of substrate dielectric is h Port Height Guidelines Extend from upper to lower groundplane. for microstrip profiles with w ≥ h 5w. w ≥ h or 5w (3h to 4h). w < h w h Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P2-41 .Presentation Boundary/Excitations . or on the order of 3h to 4h. for microstrip profiles with w < h Boundary Note: Can also make side walls of port Perfect H boundaries 2 8w.

.

Presentation V11 – Product Update 3 Product Update Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-1 .

Presentation

V11 – Product Update

3

The trend in field solver technology is towards faster, more accurate simulations that require less system memory. HFSS v11 delivers on all fronts:

Faster
Auto Assign Terminals Material Override De-featuring/Geometry Healing Remote & Distributed Analysis Mesh Quality: Fewer passes New Report Functions Port Solver

More Accurate
Mesh Quality: Convergence True Surface Meshing DC Extrapolation Port Solver: Floquet ports Port Solver: Higher order functions

Less Memory
Mesh Quality: Fewer tets Improved Port Solver: {Simplified mechanics, Iterative solver, & Higher order functions}

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-2

Presentation

V11 – Product Update
Ansoft HFSS v11
Enhancements: GUI, Mesh, & Solver New Features: GUI, Mesh, & Solver Platform Support

3

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-3

Presentation

V11 – Product Update
Ansoft HFSS Core Technologies

3

GUI

Mesh

Solver

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-4

Presentation

V11 – Product Update
Enhancements Summary

3

Graphical User Interface
Auto Assign Terminals Material Override De-featuring/Geometry Healing Analysis Options (Local/Remote/Distributed)

Mesh
Mesh Quality Increased Speed Geometry Healing Coincident True Surface Mesh Growth increased to 30%

Solver
DC Extrapolation

Improved Dynamic Links
64-bit Eigenmode solver

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-5

Presentation

Enhancements -GUI

V11 – Product Update

3

Enhancements

Graphical User Interface
Auto Assign Terminals Material Override De-featuring/Geometry Healing Analysis Options (Local/Remote/Distributed)

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-6

Presentation

Enhancements -GUI

V11 – Product Update

3

Automatic Terminal Assignment

Step 1: Assign Port

Step 2: Choose Conductors/Reference
Note: Dialog Remembers Reference Conductors

Finished

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-7

Presentation

Enhancements -GUI

V11 – Product Update

3

Metal Material Override
Eliminates overlap errors caused by metals passing through multiple dielectrics Menu item HFSS > Set Material Override

Without Material Override
Requires separate objects to make a net

Material Override
Simulate as a net

Differential Via Example

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-8

Presentation

Enhancements -GUI

V11 – Product Update

3

De-Featuring/Healing
Feature Removal (Holes, Chamfers, Bends) Healing (Auto, Manual, None) Object Properties Display

Object Healing

Object Properties

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-9

Presentation

Enhancements -GUI

V11 – Product Update

3

Feature Removal

Blends

Holes

Step 1: Enter Feature Detection Options

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-10

Presentation

Enhancements -GUI

V11 – Product Update

3

Feature Removal

Step 2: Select Features to Remove

Removed
Note: Note There are two modes of operation for the feature removal: Healing and Model Analysis. Model Analysis was used here and allows the user to manually select which geometry features are removed. For healing, all features that meet the user defined criteria are automatically removed. Both options are found in the menu item Modeler > Model Analysis

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-11

Presentation

Enhancements -GUI

V11 – Product Update

3

Distributed/Remote Solve
Analysis performed using the active analysis machine option Local, Remote, or Distributed Distributed Mode Enhancements Frequency Sweeps automatically distributed All Optimetrics solution types are supported “Smart” distributed analysis Dependent parametric sweeps are automatically distributed

Local

Remote

Distributed

Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar

P3-12

Presentation Enhancements -GUI V11 – Product Update 3 Additional GUI Enhancements Surface Visibility Controls the appearance of true surface objects Select Menu item View > Surface Visualization Updated Toolbar/Dockable Windows Copy/Paste Solution Setups Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-13 .

Presentation Enhancements -Mesh V11 – Product Update 3 Enhancements Mesh Mesh Quality Increased Speed Geometry Healing Coincident True Surface Mesh Growth increased to 30% Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-14 .

Presentation Enhancements -Mesh V11 – Product Update 3 Mesh Generation Updated Geometry Kernel (ACIS R16 SP4) Initial mesh improvements: Classical mesher works with model resolution Classical mesher is invoked first followed by the Fault Tolerant Meshing if the geometry needs additional attention Adaptive meshing improvements: Higher Quality Mesh Achieved through a lower aspect ratio Faster convergence! Reduced CPU time .Faster Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-15 .

7x Less Memory 4 less Adaptive Passes Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-16 .01 Minimum Converged Passes = 2 Version 10 # adaptive passes = 13 # of tetrahedra = 82k Solver memory = 2. 06sec Version 11 # adaptive passes = 9 # of tetrahedra = 26k Solver memory = 770 MB Time = 3min V11: 6.67 GB Time = 20min.7x Faster Simulation 2.Presentation Enhancements -Mesh V11 – Product Update 3 Mesh Quality Example Example: Vivaldi Antenna Mesh refinement = 30% Max Delta S = 0.

Presentation Enhancements -Mesh V11 – Product Update 3 Mesh Quality Example – A Closer Look Detail View V11 .Lower “noise” in convergence plot V11 Forced to 4 Minimum Converged Passes V10 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-17 .Delta S lower at start noise” .

Presentation Enhancements -Mesh V11 – Product Update 3 Adaptive Meshing .Speed Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-18 .

Presentation Enhancements -Mesh V11 – Product Update 3 Default Mesh Settings Maximum refinement per pass has been increased to 30% Investigations showed improved convergence with 30% Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-19 .

Presentation Enhancements -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 Enhancements Solver DC Extrapolation Improved Dynamic Links 64-bit Eigenmode solver Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-20 .

Presentation Enhancements -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 DC Extrapolation Improved algorithm to extrapolate to DC Simplified Setup Reliable Automatically applied to Solved v10 projects when opened in v11 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-21 .

Presentation Enhancements -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 DC Extrapolation Example V10 V11 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-22 .

Presentation V11 – Product Update New Features Summary 3 Graphical User Interface 2D Report/Plot Editor Antenna Post Processing Differential Pairs w/Single-Ended Ports Custom User Tools 3D GDSII Export Mesh Dynamic Lambda/Port Mesh Settings Solver Port Solver Higher-order Basis Functions Iterative Solver Genetic Algorithm (Optimetrics) Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-23 .

Presentation New Features -GUI V11 – Product Update 3 New Features Graphical User Interface 2D Report/Plot Editor Antenna Post Processing Differential Pairs w/Single-Ended Ports Custom User Tools 3D GDSII Export Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-24 .

marker and note windows Auto font scaling to allow tick label fit Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-25 .Presentation New Features -GUI V11 – Product Update 3 2D Reports Improved use of screen real-estate Moveable/scrollable legend.

Presentation New Features -GUI V11 – Product Update 3 2D Reports .Markers X Marker Properties No reference marker Absolute values Absolute values Reference marker Delta values Absolute values Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-26 .

Antenna/Fields Post-Processing Functions Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-27 .Presentation New Features -GUI V11 – Product Update 3 New report functions: Front-back ratio 3 dB Beam width Sidelobe levels 2D Reports .

Presentation New Features -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 New Features Solver Port Solver Higher-order Basis Functions Iterative Solver Genetic Algorithm (Optimetrics) Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-28 .

Presentation New Features -Solver Port Solver V11 – Product Update 3 New Features Developed with latest wave solver technology Current based “terminals” Faster – Uses less disk Improved low frequency performance Lower Noise Floor Floquet ports Uses same basis order as 3D solve Port convergence is based on Delta Zo Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-29 .

Presentation New Features -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 Driven Terminal Solution Driven Terminal Formulation Current based formulation (∫H*dl around conductor’s perimeter) Allows for automatic terminal assignment Easier to setup Increased accuracy and consistency V11 Current Based Terminals V10 Voltage based Terminal Lines Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-30 .

00 800.00 200.00 Time [ps] 600.Presentation New Features -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 Accurate Port Solver Performance: Improved Port Solver + Low Frequency/DC Behavior + Improved Interpolating Sweep = Improved Transmission Line Solutions Ansoft Corporation 125.00 0.00 400.00 TDRZt(2_D2) 20GHz : DC_20GHz 115.00 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-31 .00 100.00 1000.00 Y1 110.00 GSSGSSG Stripline DC to 20 GHz identical” Four “identical” pairs 105.00 TDRZ GSSGSSG Stripline Curve Info TDRZt(D1) 20GHz : DC_20GHz TDRZt(D2) 20GHz : DC_20GHz TDRZt(2_D1) 20GHz : DC_20GHz 120.

Floquet Ports FSS solved with new Floquet port in v11 Time RAM v10 w/PML v11 w/ Floquet 39 min 5 min 908 MB 226 MB v10 ~ 8 X Faster simulation time ~ 4 X Less Memory required v11 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-32 .Presentation New Features -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 Port Solver .

Presentation New Features -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 Solver .Higher-Order Basis Functions Added 2nd Order Elements Basis functions are hierarchical Increased Accuracy with less elements Convergence is a function of basis order H0(curl) elements H1(curl) elements H2(curl) elements Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-33 .

Presentation New Features -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 Solver .Higher Order Basis Mesh 1st Order 2nd Order Homogenous Materials Require Less Dense Meshes Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-34 .

Presentation New Features -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 Solver – Iterative How does it work? The Iterative Matrix Solver works by “guessing” a solution to the matrix of unknowns. and then recursively updating the “guess” until an error tolerance has been reached What is the advantage? Reduced RAM and Simulation Time Initial guess Where do you control the Iterative Solver? Options Tab from Solution Setup dialog Preconditioner Update solution and search direction no Converges ? yes Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-35 .

4 GB 550 MB Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-36 .Presentation New Features -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 Example: Basis Functions & Iterative Solver Monopole over a 5λ x 5λ Plate λ λ λ/4 @ 100 MHz ~ 15 X Faster simulation time ~ 21 X Less Memory required AND more accurate # Passes v10 v11 4 4 Time 91 min 6 min RAM 11.

Presentation New Features -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 Example: Basis Functions & Iterative Solver How many passes on computer w/8GB RAM? • Direct: 3 Passes • Iterative: 11 Passes Increased Capacity (4x) Volume: 447cubic wavelengths Copper Wall Direct 4x Capacity on Same Machine Iterative 2x Unknowns – 2x Memory Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-37 .

2x Less RAM Iterative Direct 6.4x Faster Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-38 .Presentation New Features -Solver V11 – Product Update 3 Iterative Direct Iterative and Direct Converge in 3 Passes 3.

Presentation V11 – Product Update Platform Support Windows (32/64) XP Professional Server 2003 3 Linux Red Hat Enterprise 3/4 Suse 9.x Note: Vista is NOT supported Sun UltraSparc Solaris 9/10 Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-39 .

more accurate simulations that require less system memory.Presentation V11 – Product Update Questions? The trend in field solver technology is towards faster. HFSS v11 delivers on all fronts: 3 Faster Auto Assign Terminals Material Override De-featuring/Geometry Healing Remote & Distributed Analysis Mesh Quality: Fewer passes New Report Functions Port Solver More Accurate Mesh Quality: Convergence True Surface Meshing DC Extrapolation Port Solver: Floquet ports Port Solver: Higher order functions Less Memory Mesh Quality: Fewer tets Iterative solver Higher order functions Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator v11 – Training Seminar P3-40 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful