PRESENTATION ON RESISTOR

PRESENTED BY SANGEET JAIN & SOURABH JAIN

IT IS A DEVICE WHICH OFFERS RESISTANCE TO FLOW OF CURRENT IN ANY CIRCUIT. SYMBOL OF RESISTOR-

TYPE OF RESISTOR 

FIXED RESISTOR 

VARIABLE RESISTOR
EXPOTENTIOMETER

EXAXIAL LEAD SURFACE MOUNT

RESISTOR   

Fixed resistors come in a variety of different shapes, sizes and forms Axial lead resistors have the value of resistance printed on them or as a colour code Surface mount resistors have a numerical code indicating a value

Resistors   

Variable resistors are called potentiometers There is a fixed value of resistance between two terminals The moving part of the potentiometer is called the wiper

Understanding the Resistor Color Code

RESISTOR
THERE ARE TWO COLOUR CODE SYSTEM·S FOR CALCULATING THE VALUE OF A FIXED RESISTOR. 1). FOUR BAND RESISTOR COLOUR CODE 2). FIVE BAND RESISTOR COLOUR CODE

Resistors 
  



Four band resistor colour code 1st band provides the first significant figure of the code 2nd band provides the second significant figure of the code 3rd band is the multiplier 4th band indicates the tolerance value

4-Band Resistors
The resistor nominal value is encoded in the color code in Powers of Ten Notation. Notation. The template for determining the nominal value and tolerance of a resistor with 4 color bands is given below:

1st Band = 1st Significant Digit

2nd Band = 2nd Significant Digit

3rd Band = Multiplier

4th Band = Tolerance

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5-Band Resistors 

For resistors with s1% or s2% tolerance, the color code consists of 5 bands. The template for 5-band resistors is:

1st Band = 1st Significant Digit

2nd Band = 2nd Significant Digit

3rd Band = 3rd Significant Digit

4th Band = Multiplier

5th Band = Tolerance

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How do we know which color corresponds to which number?
Using the Resistor Color Code Table

Resistors
Resistor colour code calculation 

The first band red has a value of 2 The second band purple has a value of 7 The third band has a multiplier of x 10 The last band indicates a tolerance value of +/-5% +/Resistance value is 270 +/+/-5% 

2 7 x10
+/-5%   

Resistor Color Code 

The power rating is not indicated in the resistor color code and must be determined by experience using the physical size of the resistor as a guide. For resistors with s5% or s10% tolerance, the color code consists of 4 color bands. For resistors with s1% or s2% tolerance, the color code consists of 5 bands.  

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