GENETICS

WHY DO WE LOOK THE WAY WE DO? WHY DON T YOU LOOK INDENTICAL TO YOUR BROTHRS AND SISTERS? WHY DO SOME PEOPLE LOOK LIKE THEIR MOMS AND OTHER THEIR DADS? WHAT IS DNA?

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) .

HEREDITY ‡ What is Heredity? ‡ The passing of genetic information (or traits) from one generation to the next ‡ What types of things are passed on genetically. . Try to think of at least 10.

Why do these twins looks so different? .

finger prints. ‡ Eye color. height.More Heredity ‡ Things that are passed on genetically. . size of your nose. shape of face. weight. hair color. ears. skin color.

More Examples .

Hitchhikers Thumb .

‡ What is an Allele? ‡ The two parts of a gene that controls the same inherited characteristic.Genes and Alleles ‡ What is a Gene? ‡ Genetic Material that controls a particular inherited trait. One allele on each chromosome in a homologous pair. .

(shown by a lower case: b) .Dominant vs. ( Shown by a capital letter: B) ‡ Recessive: The characteristic that is less likely to be expressed. Recessive ‡ Dominant The Characteristic that is ALWAYS expressed.

Which ear has the dominant trait? Which on has the recessive trait? .

. ( A red flower mixed with a white flower creates a red and white flower. offspring has a blending of the two( A red flower mixed with a white flower creates a pink flower shown by capital letters RW).Dominance? ‡ Co-dominance: A cross between organisms with two different traits. offspring have both parental traits. this is shown by the capital letters RW) ‡ Incomplete Dominance: A crisis between organisms with two different traits.

Co or incomplete dominance? .

Phenotype ‡ Genotype: The genetic make up of an organism. ‡ Phenotype: The visible characteristics resulting from a genotype!! .Genotype vs..

Geno vs. Pheno .

Homozygous Recessive =bb Homozygous Dominant = BB 2) Heterozygous (Hybrid): Having two or more different alleles for the same trait Bb .Types of Genotypes ‡ 1) Homozygous (pure breed): Having two identical alleles of the same trait.