Contents

A. Lesson guidelines 4
B.Key
1. Tense Forms 7
nglish 8 1 10
2. The Infinitive I ·lng form I Participles 11
English in use 2 13
Practice t8 1 14
3. Modal Velbs 15
Eng h In us 3 18
4. AdJect ves I Advelbs I Comparisons 19
n Irs n use 24
P C1ice est 2 25
Pre-test 1 2S
5. C.auses I Un ng words 26
English n use 5 37
6. P ssive Voice I Causa va Form 38
En lish n use 6 43
Practice test 3 44
7. Reported Speech 44
Eng'lsh n use 7 50
8. Contfrtfonals I Wi has I Unre I Past 51
nghsh III use 8 54
Prachce lest 4 54
Pre-test 2 55
9. Nouns I Word Forma jon I Articles 56
English in sa 9 59
10. Ernpha Structures I'nversion 59
Engr h in use 10 60
Practice t st 5 6
11. Pronouns I Deleon ners 61
Eng sh In use 1 66
12. Questions I Short Answers 67
Eng{Jsh in use 12 71
Practioe lest 6 71
Pre~lest 3 72
C. Teets
1. Test 1 73
2. Tes 2 rt
3. Test 3 81
D. Test keys
1. Key 1 76
2. Key 2 80
3. Key 3 84 \
I KEY

Round-up6

1 Tense Forms

T should present the use of the tenses (rom Appendix 1 p 236 • 238 Round-up 6 StUCIent's book before dOing the exercises.

1_ Ex. 1 should be done in class.

2. c 3. h

4. b

6. i

5. a

2. 2. choose

3. work

4. have ecenUy seen

5. have been trying

6. live

7. have already been

7. e

8. a

9. f

10. bId

8. have persuaded

9. are using/use

10. have done/have been dOing

3. Before doing Ex. 3 elicit which tense is used with the gjven adverbs.

(Sugge ted answers)

1. A: ·What have you been doing for the past ten mlnutea?"

B: "I've been t stening to he news."

2. A: ·What are you doing right now?· B: I'm read ng the paper."

3. A: "What have you been doing since 11 o'clock?"

B: I've been trying to do my exercises."

4. A: "What do you usually do on Sawrdays? 6: "I usually go to he cinema."

5. A: ·What do you do avery Sunday?B: "I go to t a park."

6. A: "Haven't you been late twice this week?"

B: "No, only once."

4. Ex. 4 should be done in class.

2. f

4. i

5. b

6. h

3. d

5. 2. am sittlng

3. smells

4. have been staying

5. expect

6. am beginning

7. get up

6. E~. 6 should be done In class.

2.7,8

4.9,11

3. 4,12

7. 1.2)thnk

2. 3) has, 4) is hav ng

3. 5) are still looking, 6) looks

4. 7) love. 8) am loving

5. 9) am seeing, 10) see

6. 11) are you tasting, 12) tastes

8. 2. is, is being

3. is being, is

9. 2. haven't got

3. do you want

4. are a ways asking

5. am getting

6. start

7. are visiting

7. A: Are you going ou tonight?"

B: -No, I'm not.'

8. A: "Haven't you done your exercises yet?"

B: No, I hav n't."

9. A: "Are you 8tlll working for the same company?·

B: ·Yes, l am."

10. A: Have you already cooked dinner?"

B: "Yes, I have."

11. A: ·Have you ever been to Paris?"

B: "No, I haven ."

12 A: "Have you been living here tor four years?·

B: "Yes, I have"

7. e

9. g

8. a

8. go

9. has just told

10. is becoming

11. have written

12. have be n slttlng

5.3,5

6. 6,10

7. 13) are you feeling, 14) feels

8. 15) is, 16) is being

9. 17) looks, 18) am looking

10. 19) are you smelling, 20) sme ls

11. 21) does your new baby weigh, 22) is weighing

4. is, is being

5. is being, is

8. '5 bakng

9. 'm asking

10. depends

11. mean

7

RouncJ..up6

KEY

2. 2,3, 10 11

10. EX. 10 should be done in class.

4.1,8,9

3.4

5. 6

6. 7

11. 8efore doing Ex. 11 elicit from Ss how each time word is used as ing for examples.

See also theory on p 15 Unit 1 RouncJ.up 8 Student's book.

2. since 4. yet 6. already 8. still 10. for

3. how long 5. tonight 7. usually 9. at the moment

12. Before doing Ex. 12 elicit from S5 how slncfllforare used. Do 8 quick drill. Say words asking Ss to add .Inceor for.

ego T: 1994

S1: since 1994

2. since

3. since

two years for two years

8. since

9. for

T:

S2:

4. for

5. stoce

6. s nee

7. for

13. 2. has gone to 3. haven't been in

4. has gone to

14. 2. have wri e

3. have also made

4. have been

5. has recently oHered

6. have never really liked

7. have been reading/have read

etc

10. Since

5. has gone to 6. have been to

8. have always admired

9. have been walt ng

10. has agreed

15. Before do ng Ex. 15 explain the use of each time expression and what tense they are usually used with. Refer Ss to Appendix 1 pp 235 - 238 Round-up 6 Student's book.

2. (Past Continuous) while

3. (Past Simple) How long ago

4. (Past Simpte--Pas Perfect) after

5. (Past coounucus-Past Simple) when

6. (Past Perfect Continuous-Past Simple) before

7. (Past S mple) la.st week

16. Ex. 16 should be done n class.

2. m

3. 9

4. I

5. a

17_ 2. was s Inlng

3. was blOwing

4. had bee sailing

6. I

7. c

8. Vb

9. b

5. were relaxing

6. heard

7. jumped

2. 1,2,3,12

18. Ex. 18 should be done In class.

4. 5

19. 2. noticed

3. was coming

4. crossed

3. 6

S. got

6. looked

7. was looking

8. (Past Perfect) since

9. (Past Perfect·Past Simple) by the time

10. (Past Simple) until

11. (Past Perfect-Past Simple) how long

12. (Past Perfect Continuous-Past Simple) for

13. (Past Slmple) as soon as

10. h

11. elb

8. ran

9. looked

10. had hit

5. 10 11

8. bent 9.couldn't 10.was

20. 1. have seen

2. have llv dJhave been fiving, moved, lived

3. met. has met

4. has gone. left. did she golhas she gone

8

12. d

13. kIb

11. had lorn

12. was pouring

6. 7,8,9

11. heard

12. was laugh ng

13. was

14. were hiding

5. worked, got. has workedlhas been working

6. have you been leam ng/have you learnt, started. was

21. 2. was

3. had just left

4. had gOI

5. wan ed

6. knew

7. djdn't have

8. had spent

9. had written

22. (Suggested answers)

2. ... did you do ere you doing ...

3. . .. had been crying ...

4 was walkinglbroke her arm ...

5. had been hu rting ...

6. drove/rode ...

10. adn t received

11. rang

12. offered

13. had seen

14. (had) enjoyed

15. too

16. discovered

17. had won

7. was walking down ...

8. was preparing/was makinglwas coo ing ...

9 had been ...

10. had falledlhadn't passed ...

11. had put/had lett ...

12. had been playing ...

23. (Suggested answer)

He used to have long hair but he's got short hair now. He didn't use to wear glasses but he does now. He used to ride a bicycle but he drives a car now. He didn't use to wear suits but he does now.

24. Belore doing Ex. 24 remind your $s that since stetive verbs describe states, they do not go with would

2. used to

3. is sed 0

4. was going 10

5. used talwould

6. used talwould

7. used to

2. e 3. b

25. Ex. 25 should be done in class.

5. c

26.2. will

3. won'l

4. h

4. will 5. Shall

8. used 10

9. used tolwould

10. used tolwould

6. I

8. J

7. a

6. won't

27, 2. will be celebrating/am goi g to celebrate

3. am gol g to start

4. am going/will be go ng

5. will prob bly come/be coming

6. will have

28. 2. becomes

3. will damage

4. is

29. 2. 'm se Ing

3. 'II water

4. 'm haVing 5. 'II stay

30.2. will

3. 'm going to

4. will

11. used tolWoukJ

12. was going to

13. was/am ... used to

9. 1 10. k

11. 9 12. d

7. will 8. won't

7. will be seeing/am seeing

8. win tell

9. starts

10. am going to drive

1 1 . will have been st dying

8. will

9. will

10. 'm going to

8. since

9. stili

5. have 8. apply 11. will sfok
6. is 9. put 12. will be able 0
7. see 10. drieslhas dried 13. will be
6. 'II understand 10. will be seeing 1 . 'II go
7. will have finished 11. have 15. go
8. 'II go 12. w II have finished 16. amves
9. II have been working 13. Will you be going 17. will be 11. will

12. 'm going 0

31. 2. leaves

3. will be sunbath ng

4. 're going to get/are get ng

5. will probably be

6. will have to/'m going to have to

7. will have been flying

8. will be

9. wlll have recovered

5. is go ng to

6. 'm going to

7. is going to

4. Since

5. already

6. before

7. still

32. 2. yet 3. ago

10. already

9

Round-up6

KEY

33. 2 .... the silliest story I've ...

3. . .. wee since he went ...

4. ...·s t since they moved ."

5. '" never me' such a clever ...

6. ... haven t s en h m for ...

7. . .. is ., since you bough' .. ,

8. is a month since .

9 , ago did you tidy .

10 , was the las' time you ...

11. .., still haven', fin shed my/am still doing my . .,

Oral Activity 1 I (Suggested answers)

Bob is a thief. He s reading a boo at the moment. He usua Iy works In the prison garden. Before he

ent '0 prison, he had been steal ng motorbikes and cars. He is in prison because he stole a brand new Porsche. When the po ice caught him, he was parking the stolen car near a disused factory. He will s ay in prison for 2 years. When he comes out of prisoo, he . I open his own bookshop.

John s a robber. He usualty watches TV and plays 100 ball w th other prisoners. He s shaving at the moment. Before he went to prison. he had been robbing banks. He Is in prtsoo because he robbed

the National San . When the pm ce caught him, he was coming out of the ban w t two bags full of money. He '11 stay in pri on for 10 years. When he comes out of prison, he will move to the countryside.

Ben IS a kidnapper. He usually he ps in the prison ki chen. He is having lunch at he moment. Before

he w nt to prison, he had been runn ng a kidnapping ring. He s n prison because he kidnapped the owner of a popular TV network. When the police caugh him, he was hiding n a deserted house with

h s hostage. He w'l stay in prison or 10 years. When he comes out of prison, he wil open h's own butcher's shop.

Tom is a murderer. He usualty ~ays chess With other prisoners and ekes part in basketball games. He IS making his bed now. Before he went to prtson, he had been working In a car showroom. He is in prison because he murdered his wife after an argument. When he poj ce caught him, he was trying to bury hi W fe's body in a forest. He will stay in prison for 35 years. When he comes ou of p son, he

will Ira n to become a pro essional chess player.

Writing Activity 1 I (Suggested answer)

Before ass gnlng Writing Aotivity 1 as HWask Ss questions to eltcit the report ego Where had you been? Where did you put the car? What did you see? etc

Well, my wife and I had been to Ihe cmema, where we had an enjoyab4e evening. We got back ome at around 11.00 pm. We put the ca n t e garage, which s at the ba of the house. Just as we were coming to the front door, we saw 0 masked men jumping out of the w ndow. They were carrying

some objects. I'm afraid I couldn't tell What they were because it was so dark. Anyway, we found out what as missing as soon as we got inside the house. You can see for yourself. They've broken all our fumiture, they've smashed the lights and they've a so ta en my computer. Wha s more, they e emptied the safe. Oh, we had about £.2,000 in there. I think the insurance company will pay us, as we insured our house aga nst burglary two years ago. We are go n9 to have a burglar alarm nstalled as soon as possible. We do not want anything like this to happen to us agaIn."

:ngUsh in use 1

4. 2. A 3. A

4. B

5. A

S. B

7. A

8. B

(Suggested sentences)

1. I'd like you all to gIVe sasna a big hand for her wonderfu performance tonight.

2. Jane IS such a big mouth, I'd never talk to he abou my problems.

3. laura's Ihe big noise at the club - I'd go to her If I we e you.

4. Pat's sue a big head, he thinks he's the best at everything.

5. los'ng out on the promotion tast week was a bitter pm to swallow.

6. Not paSSing the exams was a blessing in disguise as I had more time to understand the subject.

D

KEY

Round-up 6

7. I wonder wh en bright spark can help me so ve th 5 problem.

8. They had a close shave when they just m ssed the hold-up at the bank.

35. 2 .... last me Kate went .

3. . .. put up with his bad .

4. . .. stitt haven't sent OU ...

5. the last time I laughed ...

6 Is it since you heard ...

7 .... hasn't phoned me or ...

8. . .. terrifying film she has ever .. , 9 .... ,rs' time we e been ...

10. . .. years since they (last) won ...

36.2. up to 4. on 6. hrough 8. up 10.down 12. off
3. i for 5. off 7. dow 9. rnto 11.through
37. 2. for 4. 00 6. to 8. to 10. 0 12. to 14. on
3. with S. with 7. at 9. to 11. of 13. of e. 38. 1. a1every/per 4. fact 7. such 10. does 13. own
2. on S. to 8. much 11. even 14. order
3. in 6. only 9. may/can/might 12. to 15. themseJve
39. 1. harmful 3. effective 5. activities 7. re axatio 9. tranquillisers
2. • reatm nt 4 . vanety 6. Emphasis 8. mpossible 10. safer
2 The Infinitive I -ing form I Participles While Ss do the exercises n Unit 2, always ask for justification of the use of to + In!. mfinitl e without to or the -Ing form.

40. Before doing Ex. 40 remind 5s of the corresponding forms of infinitives:

Present SlmplelFuture Simple • present infinitive

Present Coot./Future Cont. • present continuous infinItive Past SimpJelPresent PerfectIPasl Perfect • perfect infinitive

Past Conr.lPresent Perfect Cont.lPast Perfect Cant. • perfect continuous infinitive

2. o have been playing S. to have been nformed 8. to type
3. to have worked 6. to be writing 9. to have been cleaning
4. to have been read 7. to be fixed 10. to be sleeping
41. 2. o have been watching 6. to have passed 10. to book
3. to have/ 0 be having 7. to inherit 11. to eat/to be eating
4. to be taken 8. to be overtakinq 12. to be getting
5. to have been forced 9. to enjoy/ to be enjoying 42. 2. of providJng

3. 10 being

4. of getting

5. about/atlby being

6. of doing

7. as forgetting

11. 10 earing

12. for spoiling

8. to cooking

9. from leaVing

10. n getting

43. 2. . .. to exercise more otten.

3 ... , her to take her medicine every day. 4 .. " him giving you the letter.

5 him to talk to me politely.

6. them to go 0 bed late.

7. . .. us visiting Sue before Christmas.

11. 8.1.

12. F.1.

13. 8.1.

44. 2. F.I.

3. F.1.

4. -jng form

5. -lOg form

6. -ing orm

7. -ing form

8. B.I.

9. - ng form

10. F.1.

14. F.1.

15. -Ing form

16. -Ing form

11

KEY

58. 2. was made to scrub ...

3 was shocking ...

4 so kind as to movelki d enough to move ...

5. . .. too Ured to keep .

6. ... were terri ed by .

7. . .. found' difficult to cope ...

B. . .. took him hours to wallpaper ...

9. ... P efers 0 ski (ralher) t an ... I . .. wo Id rather ski than ...

10. . .. didn't let me drive ...

Oral Activity 2 I (Sugge ted n wars)

We are used to dlscu Ing serious subjects in class. She encouraged me to buy the dress.

y mother reminded me to wear my gloves. e avoided an werlng my questJon.

We enjoyed salJlng round the Islands.

e suggested visiting the museum.

My father warned me not to go near the dog.

The teacher allowed me to leave the lesson early. She offered to lend me some money.

I~m 100l<1ng forward to going on holiday. e continued talking throughout the film.

e hopes to recover n time for the Cup Final.

Writing Activity 2 I (Suggested answers) Dear AI,

I had the mos frightening experience 0 my life yesterday. Ann ad suggested going 0 t to the lOO or he day to see the a imals. We both 'ike spending time watching them. especially the elephants a d tigers. As we stood talking near the lion park, I saw a litde boy climb over the wall. He was trying to get close to the lions to stroke them. The lion stopped eating to stare at h m. The boy was too excited to be scared. Without thinking I jumped over the watl. It was very stupid of me to do that! I picked up the boy and turned to eave. Then the lion roared. I was too scared to move' spent ten minutes waiting for somebody to rescue me. I remember thinking that the I on would eat me! In the e d, the zoo keeper t d me to walk out backwards and I escaped. To be honest, I never want to go

to the zoo again! .

Love, Emma

English in use 2

59. 2. . .. up to you 0 ...

3. ... tests need to be ...

4. . .. made a complaint abou ...

5. ouse belongs to ...

6. wasn't bold enough ...

7 was made to admit to ...

B. new car cost ...

9. ... has difficulty in) address ng ...

10. . .. was midnight according to ...

11. .., have been here for ...

12. . .. stertsd Barry had inished ...

13. . .. such a lot of ...

14. ... did not approve of .

15. . .. isn't warm enough .

60.2. ba 3. out4. round 5. forward 6. round 7. off B. on 9. up 10. for
61. 2. to 4. on 6. on B. wih 10. 'or 12. at 1 . of 16. on
3. with 5. for 7. for 9. about 11. of 13. of 15. about
62. 1. for 4. elayed 7. out 10. although 13. up
2. already 5. order B. demanded 11. would 14. enough
3. told 6. loot 9. few 12. more 15. I ok
13 ,,1:,
63. 1. vlsuors 3. anger 5. completely 7. broken 9. reacuon
2. crowded 4. warning 6. explosion 8. mjurles 10. invovement
64. 1. very 3. on 5. ,/ 7. jt 9. on 11. ,/ 13. is 15. they
2. must 4. away 6. more 8. ,/ 10. to 12. the 14. ,/
65,2. 8 3. e 4. A 5. A 6. B 7. A 8. A (Suggested sentences)

1. Dixon won the race by a hair's breadth, finish n9 ()(lty 2 em ahead of Jones.

2. We came to 8 dead end n our discussion. No one eou d agree.

3. The bank lent me £100, bu it's only a drop in the ocean as I need £10,000.

4. We a r thought Bob had been sac ed but twas 8 false alarm; he h d aelually been promoted.

5. Congratulations on passing your driving lest; it's 8 rea. feather in your cap.

S. Whet er TV ts a good hlng or not S a matter of opinion; it has both pros and cons.

7. John's a real night owt. He rare goes to bed before dawn.

8. C are IS a really hard nut to crack. I never know how to deal wit her.

Practice test 1

PART 1

1. C

2. A

3. C

4. B

5. A

6. D

PART 2

1S. thatlwhlch

17. but

18. well

19. been

20. are/present

21. Older

22. for

23. give

PART 3

31 .... had my car stolen ...

32. ." mistook that woman for ...

33 for fear burglars m'g I ...

34 m'ght not have received your ...

35. won t let him leave .. ,

PART 4

41. n

42. I e

43. ,/

44. hat

45. have

46. it

PARTS

56. development

57. foreigners

58. famous

59. attracfons

14

7. B

8. C

47. ,/

48. a

9. A

10. 0

11. C 12.0

24. WhllelWhereaslAlthough

25. others/many

26. of

27. makes

13. C

14. B

15. 0

28. MosVManylSome

29. as 30. op

36. very d fficult 0 bring up ...

37. n the mood for goinglto go ...

38. ." the k'ndest person I have ... 39 .... you want me to carry ...

40. . .. spent all afternoo clearing ...

49. that

50. it

51. one 52. ,/

60. central

61. tou ism

62. poli cal

63. residents

53. much

54. wale

55. than

64. Incorrect

65. pollution

KEY

Round-up6

3 Modal Verbs

Modal verbs are one of the most difficult grammar items. While presenting them, try to make Ss understand how each modal verb Is used, explaining their meaning in their mother tongue if necessary. All exercises In Unit 3 have first to be done in class, then assigned as HW.

66. Ex. 66 should be done in class. Help 55 understand the use of the verbs in bold, asking concept

questions.

2. advice it would be a good ideaJhad bette) 9. request (Could you?)

3. obligaton (He must) 10. log'cal assumption (I'm sure she's not at 0

4. log cal ass mpiion (I'm sure she Is) 11. advice (You should be ... )

5. absence of n essity (it isn't necessary 12. offer (Do you want me to ... ? ay I ... 1)

6. suggestion/offer (Would yo like me to ... ?) 13. prohibition (Children aren't al owed 0 ... )

7. poss b lity (Perhaps, I'm ot sure) 14. obligation (I must ... )/necessity (I need to)

8. advice (You oug 1 0) 15. necessity (irs necessary)

67. (Suggested answers)

1. She might be late, It's possible that she'll be late. She could be teo e c

2. He'll probably approve our plan. He should approve our plan. He ought to approve our plan. tc

3. They mus be plan i g to come.

4. He probably won't reme ber me. e might not remem er me. etc

5. They might/could have told him already. II's poss ble that they have told him already. etc

6. You should return that book. You had better ret-urn that book. e c

68. 2. Am I allowed to

3. Am I allowed to/May I

4. May I S. May I

6. Am I allowed to

69. 2. could

3. should be able to

4. should be able to

5. could/we e able to

6. had bee able to

7. was able to

8. wasable 0

9. should be able to

10. couldn't/wasn't able to

70. Herp 55 understand how to use must(lhe speaker decides) and have to(necessily coming from outside the speaker or others decide for the speaker what it is necessary to do).

2. have to 3. rnus

4. have to

5. must

6. have to

7. must

8. have 0

71. 2. mustn't 3. needn't

4. needn't

5. mustn't

6. mustn't

7. mustn't

8. needn't

9. mus n't

10. eedn't 11. mustn't

12. needn't

72. 2. needn't have spent

3. dIdn't needlhave 0 pay

4. don needlhave to pay/needn't pay

5. needn have hired

6. don needJ'have to haveln dn' have

7. d'dn't needlhave to write

8. needn't have gone

73. 2. can't be working

3. may/might/couldlmust have gone

4. should have told/might have 04d1 could ave told

5. co Id hav gone

6. may/might/could have had

7. CQuldlmay/m ght still be sleeping

B. may/m'ght/could have been worKing

9. could/might/may have gone

10. must have gone

74. (Suggested answers)

2. Shall we golHow about going lor a bike ride?

3. She may/could be on holiday. It's possible that she is on holiday.

4. WouldI'NilVCan you hold Ih s for me, please? I Would you mind holdIng this for me, please?

5. She wasn't able to drive unlillast year.

15

Round-up 6

KEY

6. Yo mustn'Vmay noVare not allowed 10 take photos in here.

7. I'm s pposed to take you to the airport. II am to ake you to the airport.

8. Let's go/We could go to the bas e ball match.lHo abou goi g to t e basketball match?

9. M ghVCould e be offered the job soon?/ls it like y mat he will be offered the jOb soon?1

Is he Ii ely to be offered the job soon?

10. I need to/oug t to go 0 the launderette today.

11. WIIVCanIWouldlCould you move your car. please?

12. Shall I make lunch?

13. You ave oIhave got to/need to post his before the end 0 the week.

14. He m s be sleeping now.

5. You are to be here on t1me./Vou have 0 be here on time.

16. Paula's train must have left on time.

17. Jim ca 't ave mentioned the matter to anyone.

18. Uverpool may/mig Vcould win the match.

75. (Suggested answers)

2. . .. Shall we go .. ,

3. .., may/mlghVcould be ...

4 can't!couldn't be ...

5 may/mlght be

sleeping ...

6. .., eedn'Vdon't have to/ do 't need to dress ...

7 .... could/should/oug I 10 have a ked ."

8. . .. must belong ...

9 .... 's allowed to enter/can enter ...

10. ... aren't allowed to/mustn't!

can smo e ...

1 . . .. can't have gone ...

12. ... was atHe to convince ...

13. . .. should be able to pass ...

14. ... can't!couldn't have been ...

15. ... w II announce/are to

announce '"

16 has to starVis to start .. ,

'7. ad 0 work ...

18. must/ought 0 have ...

19 have to/are to comply ...

20 should/ought to treat ...

76. 2. should/ought to, criticism/advice

3. prohibi Jon. You aren't allowed to talk in class.

4. Might, Is it OK if , use your phone?

5. should/had better, advice

6. are (supposed) to

7. must, logical assumption

8. You can ask questions now.

9. mighVmay, predictIon/possibility

10. Would you m nd, Could you possibly work overtime?

11. haveto.necessny

12. Would you I ke 0 go to t e cinema?

13. ability in the past, She was ab e to read at the age 0 five.

14. must

15. areto

Oral Activity 3

(Sugge ted answers)

Picture 2:May I help yo SIr? I Could you he p me, p ease? etc

P cture 3:Shall we order now? I MighVCould I take your ore r. please? etc

Picture 4:Mighll see your passport, please? I You need a v sa fo th s country. etc

Picture 5:Could you help me with the luggage, please? I May I carry your uggage? / Shall I help you with your luggage? etc

Picture 6:May I have some mo e orange juice? I Would you like some more coffee? I Co Id I have some more coffee? etc

Picture 7:Could you open the window, please? I Shall I open he Window? etc P ctu e 8: ight I help yo . Madam? I Could you help me cross the street? etc

16

KEY

n. 2. . .. may have lett ...

3 you like me to carry ...

4 should drive more ...

5. . .. had better leave ...

S. . .. m s n't drive without ...

7 about going shop~ng ...

8. must have lied ...

9. can't have been feel ng ...

10 may be looking tor '"

11. 5 likely to pass ...

12 needn't have paid .

13. mustn't leave until .

14. should start saving .

15. . .. Is ikely that we will .. ,

16 .... may have forgotten 10 pick ...

17. aren't allowed to take ...

18 needn't have paid ...

19 hats be com ng ...

20. didn't need to ...

78. (Suggested Itnswer.)

2. Shall t close the window? (of er)

3. You don't need toldon't have to/needn't payor my dinner. (absence of necessity)

4. She may/might be helping dad in the garden. (possibility)

5. You can/could stay w h me. (suggestion)

6. Do you need to/have to take so many pairs of shoes? (necessity)

7. You father must go to a gym every morning. (logical assumption)

8. You could have killed someone. (possibility / criticism)

9. You should have revised. (criticism

10. Is he likely to win? I it like y that he Will win? (possibility)

79. (Suggested answers)

2. James shouldn't/oughtn't to smoke In the 0 ceo

3. The students ought to/should have turned the I ght off.

4. Peop e ought to/should keep the beaches clean.

5. My brother should/ought 0 have sent our grandmother a birthday card. S. They s ouldn't/oughtn't to have destroyed parts of the rainforest.

80. (Suggested answers)

2. It might/may have left at 7.00 pm.

3. She may/might be aving lunch.

4. She might/may have been in Paris.

5. She may/might be In Rome.

S. He may/might be writing a letter.

7. He m ghVmay have stayed late at work.

8. It may/might cost over £100.

81. 2. need tofhave to 3. COUldn't

S. can/should 7. can't

4. must have

5. Can

82. 2. could

3. Would

5. Would

4. could

83. 2. She must have studied.

3. She can't have been s udylng.

4. She can have met him.

8. must

9. must

6. could

7. Shall

5. She may want som help.

6. He may have been working in the garden.

7. He may be working in the garden.

Oral Activity 4 I (Sugge8ted answers)

Picture 2:She shouldn't have left the bowl on the table.! The cat must have been very hungry. Picture 3:He must see a dentist./ e can't eat anything.

P ct re 4:May I see your driving Iicence?lYou could have killed someone.lYou shouldn't drive

50 fast.

Picture 5:He should have go '0 the station eanter. I He will have 10 wait for the next train. Picture 6:S e has to go 0 a diet. / She had better stop eat ng so much.

Pic ure 7:She should have stayed at home.! She must take som medicine.

Pictura 8:He shouldn't be sleeping in the office. ! He must be very tired.tHe must have been working since the morning.

Picture 9:Sl1e s au d have been more careful. I She'll have to oook someth ng else now. Picture 10: She must be very upset.! He shouldn't have left her.

17

Round-up6

KEY

I Writing Activity 3 I (Suggested answers)

2.. can't

3. had to

4. can

5. should

6. may/mlghtlwill

7. have to/should B. must

9. should/must

10. can

11. could

12. would/mighVmay

13. have to/must

14. wilVshalVmay/might

15. could

t 6. musVhave to 17. can/should

(Suggested answer)

... You shouldn't feel guilty abou your situation. You could fjnd a job as a wa ress or a baby-sitter. You shouldn't stop attending university. Yo may be able to save money by cooking your own meal. walking Instead of using public transport and doing so many other things. You should apply for money from the Students' Support Fund. You really must think of t e future. and remember at when you've got a permanent job. you'll be able to repay your parents.

English in use 3

84. 2. should, could/ought to

3. couldn'

4. mighVmay S. can't

6. m gh could/may/wiLVshall

7. wouldn'Vcouldn'1 B. mlghVmay

9. could

Love, Clare

10. would

11. can

12. should/ought to/must

as. 2. ... prefer to stay in ... 7. ... are responslbte or looking ...
3. ... used to play tootbalJ better ... B. ... has been in Madrid since ...
4. ... haven been abroad ... 9. ... apologised for beinglhaving been ...
5. .. , accused Jill of stealing/having stotsn ... 10. . .. was born on ...
6. ... do schools break up ... 11. . .. m ghVmay have lett early ...
86. 2. out 4. off 6. by B. into 10. up will
3. on 5. across 7. down with 9. out
87. 2. to 4. of 6. in 8. a 10. at 12. of 14. for
3. with 5. for 7. wit 9. to 11. from 13. of
88. 1. say 4. ot e 7. example 10. back 13. of
2. believelthink S. based 8. be 11. thatlwhich 14. were
3. used 6. words 9. while/when 12. s ch 1 S. mucMar/even
89. 1. climatic 3. accuracy 5. mountainous 7. changeable 9. developments
2. production 4. skiers 6. unpredictable 8. equipment 10. unab e 90. 1. on 2. she

3. To 5. will

4../ 6 . ./

7. had

8. to

9. it 11. so

10../ 12. with

91. 2. B 3. B

4. A

6. A

7. B

5. B

8. A

13. ./ 14. mue

15. most

9. B

10. A

(Suggested sentences)

1. When I asked George what all the screaming and shouting was about and found it was because he couldn't find his socks I said, ·Wha a storm in a teacup.·

2. Irs hard to criticise him because Whatever you say, doesn't affect him.

He's so thlck·sklnned.

3. Some politic ans say he real thorn In their side, wh ch prevents them from winning votes, is the corrupt politicians who accept money illegally to fund their campaigns.

18

KEY

Round-up6

4. My biggest pet hate s when someone eats crisps While I'm tal °ng to them on he pone.

5. It rained a nltle and we spent more money than we had planned, but. all in all, it was a lovely holiday.

6. We had looked everywhere and got informafon from people who, as it turned out, knew as little as we did before we finally realized it was a wild goose chase and gave up.

7. When I told Sharon at S akespeare ad said. Neither a borrower nor a lender be; it obviously went above her head beea se he said, "Will you give me the money or not?"

8. I told John that what I wa ted to tell him was important, and he said he was all ears.

9. When Brenda's mother walked Into the kitchen to find Benda covered in flour, and cake mix all over the f oor. Brenda said, -I g ess l'rn all fingers and thumbs.-

10. Mrs Carpe ter said I could work ave th holidays 0 earn some extra money, but I told her I was all In, as I had been working for 10 hour a day for he last three months and I needed a break.

92. A. 2.. Halle you seen 3. had 4. left 5. e lost •

(" with it's the first/second time ... we use the Present Perlect)

8. 1. couldn't

2. deeded

3. will be/will have been

4. started

5. will be starv ngl'm stal'Ving

6. haven't been

7. had forgotten

8. had

9. 'II last

C. 1. was walking 3. were/had been

2. bumped 4. ad tost/lost

5. had been talking

6. had been workl g

7. had do e

8. (had) acted

9. S

(Hottl Explain to your Ss that 'me other day· alWays refers to the past.)

4 Adjectives I Adverbs I Comparisons

93. 2. P cturesq e 3. considerable

4. h stoncal

5. beauti ul

6. stylish

7. desirable

94. 2. the unemp oyed people (specific group)

3. the sick (sick peop 8 in ge eral)

4. the old people (specrtic group)

5. the homefess (homeless people in general)

6. the rich peop e, he d sabled peopl (specific groups)

95. 2. a~~~~~~~~~~~

3.a~~~~~~

4. a~~~~~~~~

5. a ... n,"""~'"

6.

96. 2. gold

3. wooden

6. silky

7. golden

4. Slone

5. wool

97. 2. a badly-written boo

3. a pollution-free city

4. a three--year course

8. wealthy

9. financial

10. astronomical

7. the poor people (specific group)

8. the nch (rich people in general)

9. the blind (blind people in general)

10. the des (deaf people in general)

10. a~~~~~~~~~~~ garden

8. metallic

9. stony

10. feather

5. a hard-wOfking woman

6. a two-hour bus joumey

7. a well-ventilated room

8. a five-star ho el

19

Round-up 6

KEY

6. white ced wedding

98. 2. long cream silk

3. delicious home-made three-course

99. 2. hardly ever 3. hard

100. 2. easiy

3. dramatically

4. terribly

5. wonderfu Iy

101. 2. illegally

3. mposslble

4. 'ntolerant

5. irregularty

102. 2. easily. deep y, ast

3. s re, highly, pretty

4. fully. easy. shortly

4. a n'ce amu ng short

5. excellent live Irish

4. hardly (ever)

5. hardly anyone

6. hardly anyone

7. hardly ever

8. hard

9. hardly anyth ng

14. logically

'5. happily

16. In a lonely manner/way

6. comfortably

7. dercately

8. rarely

9. in a cowardly manner

10. rudely

1 . fantastically

12. freely

13. scarcely

6. il oglcally

7. unsuccessful

8. impolite

9. irresponsibly

10. dissatiSfied funsatis led

11. untrue

12. ncapably

13. d'sagreeable

14. immoral

15. ungratefully

5. near. hardly, wrongly

6. Surely, wrong/wrongly

7. short, wide. high

8. late. di eetty, hard

9. 8 ely. ree, prettily

10. widely. direct

11. Lastly. freely

103. (Suggested answers)

2. Train serv ces have already been .rlou Iy affected by the heavy snow.

3. Susan can often accurately predic what will happen In the future.

4. John (very) kindly read my essay (very) carefully and changed virtually everything I had

written incorrectly.

5. (Today) The wind is sllll bfowing extremely hard outside (today).

6. We will definItely be travelling around Australia thl. summer.

7. (Normalty) Ted s (normally) extremely ponte, but (la8t night) he was surprisingly rude to Jenny (last night).

B. I'm ab olutely certain you will be very happy with he service In this hotel.

9. Pnces of freshly p oduced vegetables have (recently) r sen dramatically (recently) .

10. Fortunately the seriously rnjured victims of the terrorist atta were (quickly) ts en to hospitaJ (quickly).

104. When Paul opened h s restaurant two year ago, he was totally inexperienced and 800n found it was much more complicated than he had expected. Although the restaurant was conveniently situated in a good area, he had completely forgotten a vttally Important thing: aoverns ng. Unfortunately It was three months before he finally real sed his mistake and he had nearly run out of money by then. He quickly sent a ener to his brother asJ('ing him to send some money by first class post as soon as possible. The money arrived the next day and Paul immediately pu1 an adven on the front page 0' the local paper. Within week8 his restaurant beCame one 0'

t e most popular In town and now he s planning to open another In the n ar future.

105. 2. b autiful - beautifully

3. accidental· accidentally

4. bro harly • 'n a brotherly way

5. hesitan - hesitantly

6. productlvs- product vely

7. curious - ouriously

8. funny - In a funny way/manner

9. lucky· luckily

10. careful- carefu Iy

11. remarkable- remarkab y

20

12. angry - angrily

13. romantic - romantically

14. coura eous ~ courageously

15. tootlsn- foolishly

16. daily - daily

17 . crmea - critical y

18. social - socially/sociable· socta Iy

19. progressive - progressively 20. eUable - reliably

21. forgetful· forgetfully

KEY

Round-up 6

106. 1. frequency

2. degree

3. manner

4. degree

5. time

6. frequency

7. tme

8. degree

9. degree

10. degree , 1. manner 12. degree

13. place

107. Ex. 107 must be done in class. 55 should Justify their corrections.

Last June my f end and I were looking forward to a three-week holiday. We ad chosen oor holiday carefully and had spent hours looking through the travel brochures. Eventually we had decided on

a modern luxurious four-star hotel near a long golden beach. F om the brochure it looked like a hotel for the rich and the famous. The ,before we knew it, It was t me to leave. The Journey went smoothly. but as soon as we arrived at the hotel, I sensed that somet ing was wrong. The entrance looked da and old-fashioned and here were hardly any other guests to be seen. Hlghty disappointed, we

decided to go to the beach to relax. After a two-hour walk, we finally ound a hOrTib~ small stony beach.

There was hardly anyone there-just an old man sitting 0 a rock. We were afraid to lie down because the beach was extremely dIrty, so we went back to the hotel to prepare for dinner. Yet again, we were disappointed. The food tasted awful. we were waited on by unsmiling stony-faced aiters, and we ate hardly anything. For t e nex three weeks, all we could think about was going home. Well, we are back home now and are stUl waiting for an apology from the travel company. We haven't yet decided whether we will ever go abroad again, but one h ng I can say for certain - we probably won't be visiting that p ace again.

108. 2. luxurious

3. comfortable

4. stylishly

5. fashionable

6. spaciously

7. elegantly

8. helpful

9. thrilling

10. orig nal

11. inspIred

109. I was extremely sorry to hear about your accident. Accidents like that (frequently) happen (frequently) nowadays. I hope you won't have to stay (too long) in hospital (too long), and that your friends are able to 'sit you often. I'm go ng to send you a present soon. I've be n working very hard at the office la ely. Paul will probably be working In Franoe for three months. I know I'll miss him terribly. I hope you get better quickly as I'd quite like to oome and stay with you.

110. 2. the best 3. taller than

4. the busiest, In

5. The most exdling. of

6. the most amazing

7. the coldest

8. the worst

111. muc, most, even, m ch, very, B b t, much, even

112. 2. more quietly than 5. bett r than 8. the most oddlyl he oddest
3. more nOisily than 6. later than
4. the most naughtlly 7. earlier than
113. 2. more wonderful than 6. The worst 10. the most beautiful
3. the most charming 7. quicker, than 11. longer. than
4. (the) funnies 8. tidier, than 12. more colourful
5. the most generous 9. the best
114. 2. t e best, of 5. more polite/politer, than 8. more exel 'n9 11. more
3. youngerlyou g 6. c eaper 9. furtherJ1 arther 12. worse
4. happier 7. longer, than 10. faster, than
115. 2. the newes1 5. the most caring In 8. the best in
3. t 9 fastes, n 6. harder, t an 9. worse. than
4. shorter, than 7. the most qualified 10. greater, than
116. 2. the safest, in 6. the longest 10. oloser
3. the most expensive 7. (the) most dangerous 11. the most frighten ng, of
4. the chespes 8. the best 12. the luokies
5. the richest, n 9. more diffloult
21 Round-up 6

KEY

5. rather

117. 2. quite/rather 3. rattl r 4. qui e
118. 2. quite 5. fairly/pretty
3. Quite/fairly/pretty 6. quie
4. quite/fainy/pretty 7. qUIte
119. (Suggested answers)
2. very 3. a lot 4. really 5. a bit/a little 120. 2. the 0 des the eldest

3. like

4. talter

5. than

121. 2. as

3. more

4. than

5. as

122. 2. the most of

3. the more the more

4. as much as

5. the least of

6. thinner

7. as, as

8. lighter

9. the loudest

6. different from

7. like

6. whereas
7. as ... as
8. sue ... as
9. prefer ... to 8. rather/fai y/pretty

9. quite/rather

10. quite/rather

6. qu te/pretty

7. much

10. of

11. the unniest

12. quieter/more quiet

13. more sensitive

14. than

15. the nicest

16. n

8. whereas

9. so

10. as

10. would rather

11. more ... than

12. less .. han

13. the same ... as

123. 2. such a 4. three times as ... as 6. would prefer
3. The sooner ... the sooner 5. less ... than 7. rather tha
124. 2. further 3. best 4. better 5. furthest 6. worst
125. 2. more and more expensive 3. higher and higher 4. more and more
126. 2. The more, the angrier 4. The faster, the more qulcklylthe qu c er
3. The smaller, the lower
127. 2. less 3. leaS1 4. more 128. (Suggested answers)

A docto s job sn't as dirty as a 'reman's. A minets ob s the dirtiest of all. Iners aren't as well paid as doctors. A doctor's job is the best-paid of all. A fireman's Job is more Interesting than a

iner's. e c

A chair isn't as big as an armchair. A.n armchair Is b gger than a chair. A stool isn t as soft as an armchair. An armchair is the softest 0 all. As 001 is harder t an a chair. A stool Is the most uncomfo able of all to sit on. As 001 isn't as expensive as a chair. An armchair is the most expensive of all. etc

A motorbike IS more economical than a car. A car Is less economical than a bike or a mo orbike. RidIng a bike is healthier than rid ng a motorbike. A car is the fastest of all. A bike Is not as fast as a motorb ke. A motornlke is cleaner t an a car. A bike Is less spacious than a motorbike. A ca

is the most spacious of all. A bike isn't as safe as a car. A car is the safest of all. etc

Sandals are more comfortable than boots. Slippers are the most comfo able of all. Slippers a e less warm han boots. Boots are heavier than sa dais. Slippers aren't as light as sandals. Sandals aren't as expensive as slippers. Boots are the most expensive of aJI. etc

Ben isn' as at as Tim a d Rob. Tlm Is the fattest of aU. Rob is less at than Tim. Rob's ears are the blggeS1 of all. Tim's nose is longer than Rob's. Ben is the most handsome of all. Ben's hair is longer lilan Tim's and Rob's. Tim's hai is not as long as Ben's. etc

22

Round-up6

129. (Suggested answers)

Ted is taller han S mono Ted isn't as heavy as S mono Ted has got more children than Simon. Simon Is less experienced than Ted as tar as teaching is concerned. Slmon has less teach ng experence than Ted. Ted is more quallfled t an Simon.

130. 2. like

3. as

4. as 5. as

131. 2. as 3. like

4. like

5. as

6. as

7. as

132. 2. ... the most ridiculous statement ... 3. . .. ~s a good coo ...

4 harder you Iry. the better ...

5 behaves in a motherly way ...

6. . .. is similar to ...

7 .... Is as good as she ...

8. ." less cheese than ...

9. . .. not as no sy as e/less noisy than he ...

10 .... far less valuable than ...

6. like

8. like

9. like

7. as

8. like

9. as

12. like

10. as

11. as

11. ... as good a teacher as/as good at teaching as ...

12. . .. Is uch taster than ...

13 more of a nul nee an .

14 Sings better than anyone .

15 a more difficult language than ...

16. as patient as Sue .

17. ess smartly than .

18. as earty as we ...

19. less profoundly than .

20. not as aggressive as .

Oral Activity 5 I (Suggested answers)

Before doing the activity, explain the /1st ot eoiocuve« and adverbs and el cit th ir opposites. He tired Molly because she is lazy and works carelessly.

He fired Molly because she is miserable and writes untidily.

He 1red Mol y because s e is rude and speaks too much.

He fired Molly because she is often late and doesn't act responsibly. He fired Molly because she is bad-tempered and types slowly.

He ired A n because s e is hard-working and works carefully.

He hired Ann beca se she Is cheerful a d works tldily.

He ired Ann because she Is po ile and doesn't speak a lol

He hired Ann because she is never late and acts responsibly. He hired Ann because she IS good-tempered a d types quickly.

Oral ActiVity 6 I (Suggested answer )

Before do ng the activity, T Should explain the list of adj8Ctives and the advertisements. The Premium Super Vacuum has few accessories than the Conqueror 20005.

The Wonde -vac GH sweeps less effectively than the P emium Super Vac.

The Conqueror 20005 is n<Hsier than the Wonder-Vae GH.

The Premium Super Vacuum is easier 10 store than the Wonder-Vae GH. The Wonder-Vac GH is more durable than the Conqueror 20005.

The Conquero 20005 doesn't use as many watts as the Premium Super Vacuum. The Wo der-Vac GH is not 80 good a vacuum as the Premium Super Vacuum. The Conqueror 2000S is cheaper than t e Premium Super Vacuum.

he Wonder Vae GH is lighter than t e Prem um Supe Vacuum.

The Premium Super Vacuum sweeps more powerfully than the other two. The Premium Super Vacuum is not as adaptable as the other two.

he Wonder-Vae GH is bigger than the Conqueror 20ooS.

The Conqueror 2000S is less heavy than the Wonder-Vae GH.

23

Round-up6

KEY

I WrIting Activity 4

(Suggested answar)

... Although i offers the ewest accessories, it's more effectrve than the other two as i can absorb almost anything. It's ot the least noisy of the three but it's the easiest 10 handle. What's more, it's the most compact of aJ • though It is 't as light as the other two.

Next on my list I've got the Conqueror 2000S. Now, this one offers e most accessor es of all (tenl), which s quite good consdering the fact that irs cheaper than the Premium. It's lighter than the Premium. but it's less powerful than the Premium. I s noi ier and less user-friendly than t e Premium

as it is slightly bigger in size. I don't th nk it's as effective as the Premium, ut it's a good offer anyway.

Finally I've got the Wonder-Vac GH, which is the c eapest but least powerful of a I. It offers mo e accessories than the Premium, but it srrt as effective as the other two. It's heavier than the Conqueror and certa nly less compact than the other two. It's a lot noister. too.

I hope this letter will help you make up your mind. If you decide on one 0 these three makes. let me know so that I can ar ange delivery.

English In use 4

133. 2 needn't have left ...

3. isn't warm enough ...

4. . .. might stay ...

5. . .. gave his word never .

6 .... seem to have In'shed .

134. 2. with 3. of

4. in

S. from

6. between

7. about

135. 2. J (unable to see)

3. H (calm)

4. 8 (compte ely deaf)

Yours, Sheila

7 egrets lendfnglhaving lent him ...

8. a three-year ...

9 have been organising the ...

10. gets on well with/gets along (well) Wllt'I ...

8. of

9. at

10. in

11. on

12. to

13. at

14. n

5. A (very hite)

6. I (very healthy)

7. C (very well-behaved)

8. F (very heavy)

9. 0 (crazy: eccentric)

10. G (no aggress;ve)

136. 2. out for 4. in

3. down on 5. nto

S. off

7. back 0

137. 1. successful 2. qualification

3. education

4. m xture

138. A 2. wouldn be

3. wasn pay ng

4. stepped

5. stopped

6. hadn not cad

7. would probably have been killed

8. was arrested

9. (was) taken

10. was charged

11. was also d scovered

B 2. had been wo king 3. decided

4. dong

5. seemed

139. 1. overgrown

2. wild

3. threw

4. cleanng

5. after

6. hired

24

8. away with

9. down

10. with

5. knowtedge

6. fa lures

7. unluoky

8. majority

9. Impression

10. Intelligence

12. had not paid

13. was to b fined/would be fined

14. was to be taken awaylWould be taken away

15. have done/did

16. said

17. will pay

18. asked

19. replied

20. have never had

S. had gone 7. are driving

8. have been 9. replied

10. have been

7. took

8. further

9. reached

10. Onry

11. planting

12. beds

13. later 14, alive 15. lad

KEY

RountHlp6

140 1. be

2. 0

3. they

Practice test 2

PART 1

1. B

2. 0

PART 2

16. to

17. had

18. cost

PART 3

4 . ./

5. the

6. an

3. C

4. B

7. be

8. get 9. ./

5. C

6. A

9. AslWhen

20. 0 e

21. littleJbit

10. I e

11. for

12. t at

7.0 8. C

9.0 10. B

22. with

23. of

24. explained/dese bed

13. being

14. will

15. more

11. C

12. A

13. B

14. 0

15. A

25. most/more

26. in

27. took

28. for

29. control

30. WithlUnder

31. ... (abou high) ime you did something ...

32. . .. does his bes to keep ...

33. spite of his weal ...

34 must ave been lying abou ...

35. '" make sure the e are no ...

36 a two-hour light from ...

37 s ggest you cancellyour cancelling ...

38 news is $0 bad ...

39 have a word (wit you) ...

40 aren't/are not such a responsibility ...

PART 4

41. to

42. that

PART 5

56. eastern

57. pursuit

Pre-test 1

A. 1. 0

2. A

3. C

43. t is 44.0 e

45 . ./ 47. been 49. I e 51. up 53. of

46. be48. whole SO. ./ 52. ./ 54. as

58. youth

59. occupations

4. B 5.0 6. A

7. A

8. C

9. C

60. dramat st

61. Ite

10. 0

11. A

12. B

13. B

14. 0

15. A

B. 1. was opened/opened

2. had been

3. have worked/have bee worki g

C. 1. works

2. bega

3. had Just left

55 . ./

62. elegan

63. achieveme ts

64. combination

65. successful'

D. 1.... mustn' smo e .

2. . .. about going to .

3. . .. must ave been coveri g ...

4. ... were made to tidy ...

5. . .. wish s she hadn't left ...

6. ... ought to buy ...

16. C

17. A

18. C

19. 0

20. B

21. 0

22. 0

23. a

24. B

4. starts

5. am looking after

6. want

7. will have risen

8. will employ

4. opened

5. has worked as bee working

6. enjoys

7. is teac lng

8. wllJ continu

7. in case it rains ...

8. may be delayed ...

9. have been restoring ...

10. I were you, I would ...

11. needn' ave been ...

12. apologised for forgettlng/having forgotten ...

25

Round-up 6

KEY

13. . .. is (abo igh) time you went ...

14. . .. shoul take more .

15. . .. haven t heard from .

16. . .. can have been Susan ...

E. 1. up 3. out S. away WIth
2. down 0 4. for 6. ro nd
F. 1. with 3. on 5. to
2. to 4. n 6. ofJfrom
G. 1. to 3. the 5. t at
2. of 4. like 6. it
H. 1. production 4. knowledge
2. impress on 5. qual cations
3. occupatio s 6. aol1 ievement
5 Clauses I Linking Words 141. 2. the moment. arrived

3. by the time, gol

4. when, are

5. w e ever, wa I

17. . .. holiday abroad cost him ...

18 were I was born ...

19 likely tha she will get...

20. used to have more ...

7. across

8. down

7. with

8. with/at

7. it 8. e

9. is

10. more

11. one 12. than

7. successtel

8. education

9. possib lity

10. unlucky

11. effective

12. famous

6. while, w8tchedlwere w t ing

7. just as, was leaving B. after, ate/had eaten

9. By the t me, (had) arr ved

10. as soon as, have 11. ntll, had saved 12. by th time, got

142. 2. when 3. When 4. if 5. If 6. when 7. ft 8. If
143. 2. until 3. by the time 4. until 5. by the time 6. by 7.untn B. by
144. 2. whenever 4. be fore/untJ I 6. after B. by the time
3. as soon as 5. while 7. since
145. 2. while, was driving 5. 'II be, by B. has been lying, since
3. by he nrne, got 6. when. d dn't notice 9. when, wilt be able
4. whenever, thinks 7. unt I, was 146. 2. When Ihe Que n arrive s, we must all stand p.

3. As soon as I get home, I'll ave something to eat.

4. They didn't calt until they had found the so ut on.

5. Can you phone me when you are ready?

6. Every t me I go shopping, I spend too much money.

7. I'll phone you i there is a prob em.

B. The children cleared the tab e as soon aslafterlwhen they had finished eating.

9. By the time we went to bed, it was nearly moming.

10. I'll call you immediatety when I reae my hotel.

Oral Activity 7 I (Suggested answers)

2. The burglar had) left before he came home.

3. H telephoned Ann after he had eaten.

4. He waited until she came.

5. It began raining while he was walking in t e park.

6. When she was In Egypt, she vis ted the Pyramids.

7. S e will never see anoth r horror film (again) as long a8 she lives.

26

KEY

Round-up 6

8. The baby cries whenever he/she is hungry.

9. She has been typing etters since 2 o'c ock.

10. By the time she got home she was soaked to the skin.

147. (Suggested answers)

2. She set he alarm cock (so as) to get up early. She set her alarm clock so that she would get up earty. She set her alarm c ock for fear she m ghl gel up late. She set her alarm clock 0 avoid getti g up ta e. She set er alarm c oc in case s e got up late. She set her a ann clock

so no to ge Up late. etc

3. I won't leave t e flat in case John calls. 'won't eave the flat for fear John might call. I won't leave the at 0 avoid m sslng John's call. I won't leave the flat so t at I won miss Jo n's call. etc

4. He revised hard or the test 10 order 10 succeed. He revised hard for the test to avoid failing.

He revised hard for the test for fear he migh fail. He revised 8rd for the test so that he wouldn't fail. e c

148. 2 .... so that she wou dn't ...

3. . .. In case anyone/someone wa ad be n ...

4. .., for fear he might Iall ...

s (so aslin order) to have ...

6 to avoid getting .. ,

7 with a view to tumlng ...

149. 2. he burglar wiped the gun so that he wouldn leave his fingerprints.

3. He doesn't carry a lot of cash to avo' getting robbed.

4. She saved money with a view to bUyIng a ho se. S. I ran to eaten the bus.

6. Jane gave police her phone number so that they could phone her.

7. Let's buy some Co e I case we have guests.

8. Th s IS a tin opener for opening ins.

9. The littie boy hid or fear at e might be punished.

O. She locked t e diamond In the safe for fear of haVing It stolenli being s olen/someone stealing it.

150. 2. In order to

3. so as no to

4. to

5. fo

6, for fear hat

151. (Suggested answers)

2. so that, could give

3. so as not to hit

4. n order to avoid

S. so that, can be dealt

6. In case, need

7. to compensate

Oral Activity 8 I (Suggested answers)

2. They too a box of matches so hat they could light a fire.

3. They took some tins of food 0 avoid geM ng ungry.

4. They took a compass so tha they could find their way. S. They took a radio so that t ay could Ilsten to the news.

6. They took some blanke s In case j was cold at night

7. They took an axe to chop wood/chop down trees.

8. They took some hats In case it was very ho .

9. They took a bucket to cot act water.

10. They too some fishing rods to catch fish.

11. They took a pack of cards so that they cou d play cards.

12. They took soma rope to climb trees.

152. 2. so

3. because

4. so 6. As

6. heretore 7. such a

8. S nee

9. so

10. Due to

27

Round-up 6

KEY

153. Before do ng Ex. 153 do a quick drill, Say words asking 55 to aeJd ucn (alan) or so.

9g. T; nice flat T: bad weather

51: such 8 nice nar 53: such bad weather

T; quickly T: hot

52: so quickly 54: so hot etc

2. so

3. such a

4, so 5, so

6. suen

7. so

8. such a

9. so

154. 2. The rain 'oumey was so long (that) I feU asleep. It was a very long train joumey and as a

resul therefore, I fell asleep. Because oflOue to the fact that e train journey was so longfrt was such a long train oumey, I fe I asleep, It was so long a train journey (that) I feU asleep. I fell asleep because it was such a long train journey.

3. Because the meal was so bad, we never wen bac to tha restaurant. Because i was such a bad meaJ, we neve wen back to na restaurant, The meal was so bad (that) we never went back to that restaurant. It was such a bad meal (that) we neve went back to that restauran . I was so bad a meal (t at) we never wen back to hat restaurant.

4. The soup was so hot (that) she bu m her mouth. The soup was very hot Therefore/As a result/Consequently she burnt her mouth. 8ecauselOue 0 the act that the soup as so hot/t was such ho soup, she bumt her mouth. She bumt he mouth because it was such hot souplthe soup was so hot.

5. Due to the fact that the house is so big, it takes days to clean, he house is so big (that) it takes days to clean. I ts such a b g house ( at) it takes days to dean. It is so big a house (tJ'Iat) it takes days to clean. The house Is very big. and therefor as a result/cons quently It ta es days to clean. The house takes days to clean because it's so big.

155. 2, The police didn catch the thief as t ey were fooled by hIS disguise. (clause of reason) 3, Since Darren has a meeting. e can't baby-s t. (clause of reason)

4. Sharon doesn't listen; consequently, she makes mistakes. (clause of result)

5. There were so many people at the reception that they had to wait in fine. (clause of result)

6. The Raid rs lost the game as their best player was hurt. (clause of reason)

7. The reason why I don't like Roger' because he is selfish. (clause of reason)

8. It was such a beautiful gesture that she nearly cried. (clause of resul)

9. It was so cold that I couldn't feel my ingers. (clause of esult)

10. Ills such stormy weather that he plane is delayed, (clause of result)

156. Ex. 156 should be done in class.

Many young musicians dream of fame out ever considering how long and pa nful the road to

success can be. There are so many things involved In being successful that If a young muslclan Isn't aware of them all tallure fs certain. Perhaps it is most mportant to remember the time and work needed to gain popularity. Most up-and-coming musicians spend uch a long time travelling that it Is difficult for them to have a family Ufe. In addition, new groups make so little money that musicians are often forced to live in poor conditions. Onoe the group is estabnshed, the next stage is to try and get a contract with a record company. However, this Is 80 difficult to obtain that only one group in thousands will actually receive a contract. Even that doesn' guarantee success and a record compa y w II soon drop a group if It doesn't sell many records. To 8 great extent. sales are so dependent on the musiCians being seen on MTV that if MTV doesn't show their video, very few records will be old. Most successful music ans adm t that fame came as a surprise to hem. They were always more concerned about producing good music, They say you must have such a love for the music you are playing that success will automatically follow.

28

KEY

Round-up 6

157. 2 .... so lazy a man (t at) ...

3. . .. due to the fact that ...

4. .., was (very) smoky and consequen y ...

5. . .. was (very) noisy and therefore ... 6 .... because of his ...

7 wrth a view to employing ...

8. reason why she doesn

9. . .. too short to Join ...

10. '" and therefore he gOI ...

Oral Activity 9 I (Suggested answer)

2. There were so many cheap things tha they did a lot of shopping.

As they had a 10 0 money with them, t ey did a 101 of shopping. etc

3. As the weather was good. they swam n the sea every day.

T e sea was so clean that they swam every day. e c

4. They were such gOOd people that they made lots of friends.

As lh yare very friendly, they made lots 0 friends. etc

5. As there ere many dlscos, they danced every night.

They liked dancing so much the Ihey danced every night. etc

6. As t climate was hoi. they ere bitte by mosquilo s.

There were so many mosquitoes that they got bitten. e c

7. The sun was no and t e efore they got sunbumt.

As they had no suntan 011 with them, they got sunburnt. etc

8. The food was so spicy that t ey couldn't eat it.

The food was spicy and therefore they couldn't eat it. etc

9. As the music at the ho eJ disco was very loud. they couldn't sleep.

The music at the hotel disco was so loud that they couldn't sleep. etc

10. They ad such a lot of I ggage that they could hardly carry They had a lot 0 luggage and as a (esutt they got tired. etc

158. 2. whe as 4. as S. Whatever 8. whereas 10. Even though
3. De pie 5. Even though 7. though 9. though
159. 2. No matter how/Ho ever 5. but 8. no matter wnat
3. even thou h 6. al hough 9. However
4. as 7. while 160. (Suggested answers)

2. Fiona enjoys her lob she works long hours.

3. Fiona oves classical music, her boyfriend likes rock usic.

4. Fiona owns a new Jaguar, she never drive to work.

5. Fiona Is tall with da hair, hil her mother s short with blonde hair.

161. (Suggested n wars)

2. Although she had nough mo ey for the dress, she didn't buy it. Despite having enoug money for the dress, he didn buy it. In sp't of the fact that she had enough mo ey for the dress, she didn't buy it. etc

3. Although she is sixty years old, she still goes jogging. Despite being sixty years old, she sti r goes Jogging. In spite of the fac that she Is sixty years old, she still goes ;egging. etc

4. AI hough Tom arrived early he didn't find a ticket for the concert. In spite of arriving ealy, Tom didn nd a tic et for the concert. Despite t e fact that Tom arrived ea Iy, he didn't find a ticke or the concert. etc

5. Although the programme was bOring, he continued to watch' . In sp te of the fact tha the programme was boring. he continued to watc it The programme was boring; he oon 'nued to watch ", thoug. etc

29

(Suggested answers)

2. Whatever/No matter what ...

3. . .. hates them

4. . .. he/she didn' ose weight. 5 .... she oould play e p ano.

6. No matter how muc money ... 7 .... may seem ...

8. . .. won' touc itlhates It.

9 .... althoug she needed the money.

10. Although/Even though he too a taxi ...

Round·up6

KEY

162. EK. 162 should be done in class. 5s ork in aosea pairs.

163. 2 though j sounds/may sound, ...

3 he has travelled the world. '"

4. . .. matter how loudly you shout, ...

5 you say ....

6. spite of (hisfhim) being ...

Oral Activity 10 I (Suggested answers)

Sandra p ays t e piano. while Evelyn plays t e guita . Sandra orin s ooffee, but Evelyn dnn s tea.

A tho g Evelyn likes Marilyn Monroe, Sandra Ii es L za Minnelli. Sandra smokes. but Evelyn doesn't.

Sandra is leam ng Spanls 0 while velyn is learning French. etc

7 tho 9 Ihe estaurant was .

8 01 he act (that) she spent .

9 as he tried ...

10. did his best yet he ...

164. 2. hurl 6. wereJwas O. is 14. werelwas
3. werelwas 7. had never een 11, had Just stepp off 15. were as
4. had been made 8. werelwas 12. were} as
S. had knownlknew 9. islWill be 13. ad jus received
165. 2. ... as iflthough it Is going ... 5 . ... as if/though he were/was a ...
3. ... as ifl hough s e had never ... 6 . ... as though we are having ...
4. ... as if/though she has losl ... 7. ... looked as if hough it was/were ...
166. 2. how/the way that 4. as hough/as if 6. the same way (as /the way t a
3. asi asthough 5. the ay that 167. 2. I'm not going ou un II this film Is over.

3. Give me your number in case I want to call you.

4. He sa his alarm for 8.0050 aslin order not to oversleep. S. I've got so much work to do I don't thi k I can finish It.

6. Mary was so upset that she couldn't stop crying.

7. Since/As she was so good-looking. she became a model.

e. Although/Even though h was wearing a helmet. h was still badly njured.

9. Strict though/as he may appear, he's actually quite soft.

10. II was such delicious food e asked for more.

11. Let's wait until it stops snowing.

12. Even though/Although she didn't fee like it, she went to the party./ln spite of not feeling

like it, she went to the party.

13. He foe ed the door for fear someone might break Into his house.

14. She worked hard with a view 0 getting a promo 'on soon.

15. We arrived at the on ma early In case e missed the s a of he 1m.

16. We'll show our ticke s when he i spector comes round.

17. He was so exhausted e felt as If he hadn't tept for weeks.

168. (Suggested answers)

1. It's such awful weatherllsn it awful weather etc

2. What a heavy box this s! Isn't this a heavy boxt How h avy a box! etc

3. How clumsy a gi ! She' such a clumsy girl S e's so clumsy a gir1! Isn't she a clumsy girl! etc

30

KEY

Round-up6

4. She looks so smart] She's such a smart girl! etc

5. They are so bad manneredl What bad manners they havel Don' they have such bad manners! etc

6. What a difficult test t was It was such a dlf11cut lest! It was so difficult a est! Wasn't it a

d ffioult test! etc

7. We're such a close family! Aren we a close family! etc

8. Hasn t it been a tiring day! What a tiring day it has been! etc

9. You lazy boyl What a lazy boy! How lazy you arel Aren't you lazy You lazy boy' etc

169. 2. so

3. What a

10. so

4. Ho

5. such

6. How

7. Whata

8. such

9. What

170. 2. What exciting news!

3. What an incredible story!1

How Incredible a story

4. Off they sail!

5. Tim's 0 good-looking!

6. Here comes the bus!

7. What a boring lecturellHow boring a lecture

8. Whal a slippery road It lsi

9. I s such a difficult exercise! It's so difficult an exercise!

10. There goes the last trainl

11. She's uen a liart

Oral Activity 11 I (Suggested an wers)

What an exelt ng ide He's so clumsy What a heavy bag

She types so QU c yl He's such a lIarl

How nice of you

171. 2 .... be home by ...

3. '" in order to avoid bemg ...

4. • .. and as a result I ...

5. . .. despite the fact that We/despite our hav n9 ...

6 as it she were/was ...

7 as SOOl'l as Cynthia gets ...

8. . .. in case they are ...

9 .... With a view to appo nting ... 10. .., so tired (that) he cannot .. ,

172. 2. where

3. whic hat 4. hose

5. when

6. wh chlthat

7. why/when

11. where

12. whose

13. when

14. why

8. whch

9. who/that

10. whch

173. 2. The man driving thaI bus is my brother.

3. The car broken into was a Porsche.

4. People caught stealing are mpnso ed,

5. The oman living in this house is Russian.

6. The man playing the piano is bl nd.

174. 2. I have ten cousins. none of whom are girls.

3. There are some beautiful houses in the lown, some of which are more than two hundred

years old.

4. She met lots of new people at the party. a few of whom commented on her beautiful d ess.

5. Ted planted lots of new rose bushes In his garden, very few of which survived the cold winter.

6. The supermarket has hirty employees, most of whom olk part-time.

175. Ex. 175 should be done in class. Alternatively. do half the exercise in class and asslgn the re t as written HW.

3. The building Which was next to the school fell down. (0 - not omitted)

4. Jane, who e brother is also a doctor, works at the hospital. (NO - not omrtted)

5. The restaurant where we celebrated my binhday has closed, (0 • not omitted)

6. Mrs Jones is the woman who is in charge of this company. (0 - not om ned)

31

Round-up 6

KEY

7. The book that I'm read ng is about Chin. (0 - omitted)

B. Mr Smith, who runs our company, is in hospital. (NO· not omitted)

9. Nevil e, whose tamily are rich, has just bought a Mercedes. (NO - not omitted)

10. The ch Idren who I baby-s for are twins. (0 . omitted)

, 1. This jumper, which I bought in Ire and, 's pure wool. (NO - not ornmed)

12. The priest who married us has gone to work in At tea, (0 - no omltted)

13. Emma, whose sister is an actress, is go ng on hofday to Hollywood. (ND . not omitted)

14. T e supermarket which is near our house is open on Sundays. (0 - not omitted) , 5. The actor who I most admire is Robert de Niro. (0 - omitted)

16. T is vase which he bough at a jum Ie sale, IS an ique. (NO - not omitted)

17. The dog that Roger bought has Just had six pupptes. (0 - omltted)

18. The country where my father was bom at war. (0 - ot omitted)

19. Anna, who cuts my hal , has lust bought her own shop. (NO - not omltteo)

20. There a e some questions that I cannot answer. (0 - omitted)

21. My home town, which is near BirmIngham, is very small. (NO - not omitted)

22. His unc e, who is a millionaire, owns a house n the Bahamas. (NO - 0 omitted)

23. The boy whose b'cycle was stolen is at the police station. (0 - not omitted)

24. The dog whichlthat lives ext door has had six puppies. (0 - no omitted)

25. Sharon, who works in the Oate'Rousse, spilt coffee on a customer. (NO - not omitted)

116. Ex. 176 shoufd be done In class. Special attention has to be paid to how relst,ve adverbs are used.

2. The film about which I'm wn Ing was made in 1958.

T e film (w ichltha) I'm writ ng about was made in 195B.

3. She's the gi about whom 'hey were talking.

She's t e gir1 (whomIWhollhat) they were talking about.

4. That's the restaurant wherelto wh'ch we go every Saturday.

That's the restaurant (Whic hat) we go to every Saturday.

5. This s the island where/on which we spent our holiday.

This is the island (which hat) we spent our holt ayon.

6. These are the Joneses with whom we went to t e theatre.

These are the Joneses (w oIwhomlthat) we w nt to the theatre with.

7. That's the hotel thaVwhjoh) we used to stay at every summer.

That's Ihe hotel where/at which we sed to stay every summer.

8. It's Mr Smith from whom I go all the information.

I 's Mr Smit who hom I got all the information Irom. 9 This is the knife which he c t the bread w tho

This is the knife with which he cut the bread.

10. Mrs And ews is the woman from whom I've received a letter.

Mrs Andrews is the woman whomlwholthat I've r ce veo a letter from.

vrr. Ex. 1nshoufd be done orally in class then assign It as written HW.

It was a lovely experience which I will never forget. I stayed with Louise, who is my French cous n. She introduced me to Pierre, whose knowledge of Paris is amazJng. loved the boulevards, which are so wide and elegan. T e Eiffel Tower s, of course, a great sight that/wh ch IS famous all over the world. My favourite building, however, was he Invalides. which was bui t in the 7th century. At the end 0 th week I thanked Pierre, who had been very kind.

178. 2. There's a door leadin9!Which leads to a secr t passage at he e d of he hall.

3. She's riendly w·th the two children whose mother is the headm stress.

4. Sam works n Switzer1and, which is not in the European Union.

5. White on holiday I met a lot of people, some of whom were really boring.

6. 00 you know the name of the film which won seven Oscars at last year's Academy Awards? 1. When I was in Austraria. I VIsited my uncle who(m) I had never met before.

32

KEY

ROUn<HJp6

B.
9.
10.
179. 2.
3.
4.
5. Mr Collins IS the man from whom I bought my tape recorder JMr Collins is the man who I bought my tape recorder from.

The match about which you were talking ended In disaster. They didn't have what I asked for.

only some drivers. all the drivers only some clubs, a I the clubs

all the German students, only some of the German students all the reoords, on y some of the reco ds

180. 2. me h s car, which was ...

3. person who was ...

4. their homework, which made ...

5. . .. who s drin 'n9 tea ...

6 who was found guilty ...

7. was Joan who came first ...

8. . .. lady (whO is) wear n9 t e ...

9. . .. where we pent our summer ...

10. ... which was stolenlWhich they stole ...

11. . .. Spanish that he's leaming ... 12 .... whose car th s ...

Oral Activity 12 I (Suggested answers) Elephants are anima s which have trunks.

The heatre is a place where plays are performed. An axe is something w ttl which we chop wood. Shakespeare is the author who wro e • Macbeth· . The seaside is somewhere where people sw m.

A restaurant is a place where food Is served.

A blanket is something which eeps you warm. A post office is a shop which sells stamps.

A ey Is something which opens doors.

A necklace is som thing which Is worn round the neck. A tailor is someone who makes suits.

An author is someone who writes books.

A professor is someone who teaches at a university. A pop singer is someone who Is usually amous.

A school is a building wher students go to learn.

181. Ex. 181 works both as theory presentation and pract ceo Do not present the table on pp 99, 100 Round-up 6 Student's boOk in one lesson but go slowly through the linking words so that Ss lamilarise themselves with their use.

(Suggested answers)

Positive AddltJon:She's clever. She's ric too. • She's clever. Moreover, she's rich. - In addtt.on to being clever. she's rich .• Sh 's clever. Furthermore she's rich .• She's clever. She's al.o rich .• She's clever, not to mention the fact hat he's

rich. - S e's clever. Besides, she's rich.

Negattve Addition: Barry doesn't know how to drive and Kevin doesn't either .• Barry doesntt know how to drive. Neither does Kevin. (Note that in -neither ... nor 'coostructions the verb matches 'he subject after nor.)

Contrast: R'd ng a blcyc e may not be as comfortable 8S driving a car, but it is much more environmentally hien y. - Even though/Even If riding a b cycle may not be as comfortable as drlv ng a car, it is much more environmentally friendly. - R ding a bicycle may not be as comfortable as driving a car, allhoughl(and) yet i1 is much more environmentally f 'endly .• Despite lVits being much more environmentally friendly, riding a bicycle may not be

33

,.

----------------------------------------------------------------------~

Round-up 6

KEY

Similarity:

Conoes Ion:

Alternative:

EmphasIs:

Exempllflcatlon:

ClarlflcaUon:

Cause!Reaaon:

Manner:

Condition:

Consequence of a condftJon:

34

as comfortable as driving a car. - Riding a bicycle may not be as comfortable as driving a car. In contra.t/On the other hand, it is much more environ entalty friendly. - Whereas ridi 9 a bIcycle may not be as comfortable as driving a car, it is m ch more environmentally fn ndly. - Rid ng a bicycle may not be as comfortable as driving a car. However. it is much more environmentally friendly. - Riding a bicycle may not be as comfortable as driving a car. At the same time, It is much more env ron mentally friendly.

F

A glass of milk before you go to bed may elp you sleep. Llkewl.e,lln the same way,IEqually. a hot bath could do the trick.

He carried on playing un il the end of the game, but e had a broken toe. - He had a broken oe. Stili/Nevertheless,!Nonethe •• /However e carried on playing until he end of the game. - He had a broken toe and still he carried on playing un iI the end of t e game. - He carried on playing un il the end of the game. despiteJIn spite of/regardless of (having) a broken toe. - James has just lost his job. Admittedly he was caugh stealing company property.

Either you could tell her the bad n ws or you cou d let her find out for herse .

rm atra d you are no quali ied or this job and, as a matter of facUto tell you the truth/actualty,llndeed you are far too young. - You are not old enough for th s Job, t alone well enough qualified. - I'm afraid you a e 0 qualified lor this job. Besides, yo are far too young. - I'm atraid you are not qualified for this ob. Not only this, but you are also far too young, - I'm afraid you are not qualified fo this job. You are far too young 8S well.

The performers, uch asllikelfor example{for In_tance/particularlyl especially Pavarotti, were mag ffieant. - Do a_ I told you.

She's a gry. That Is to y,lln other words,rro put It another way,ll mean she's angry at you.

She decided to order a salad. aslbecause1sinceJon the grounds that/seeing that/for sh had started her diet. - She had started her diet. so she declded to order a salad. - She decided to order a salad, because of/due tolln

view of/owing to the fact (that) she had started a diet.

The coach explained the way in whlcMhe way the 'earn would beat their opponents. - I felt._ If/as though I was walking on air. - Marcel speaks English the same way (as) hiS father does.

T e travel agency will contact you Iflas umlng(that) your flight Is changed. - The travel agen will not contact you unless your flight is changed. - ake an umbrella In ca e it rwnsl1n ca.e of rain .• You can go providing that/as,

so long as/only i1lon condition (that)/provlded (that)/grented, granting

yo 'II be back early. - You must be back early, otherwise you can't go .• T e travel agent 'II contact you in the event of your fllgh bein changed. - Your nigh may be changed. In that case the travel agen will contact you. - Only If your flight is cancelled will t e travel agent con ct you. - e"en If your

flight is delayed. you still need '0 be at the airport 0 time.

182.

You may be caught by the e emy. Then,/Under those circumatanceslln that case, tell hem nothing. - She wasn pay ng attention to the traffic.

183.

KEY

Round-u,p 6

EffeetIReault:

Comparison:

TIme:

Place:

exception:

Relative;

Chronological:

Aeference:

Summarising:

ThereforelThuslConsequentty she had an accident. - He wanted to get fit ao he olned a gym .• You should work harder. If not, you will fail the exam.

Make a note of our appointment 'n your diary lest!for fear that you forget about it .• Make a note of our appo ntment in your dia'Y 0 thatlln order that you don't forget about it. - Make a note of our appointment in your diary 80 as not tolln order not to forget about it.

He was he only child of a rich banker and consequentlyllor this rea80nl thusltheretore/so, he was very spoilt. - The child was so spoUt that he was difficult to control. - He was .uch a spoilt child that he was difficult to control.

Her second novel Is (half) (twice) a8 good a8 her first but better than

yours. - Her second novel s not as good a. her first. - Her seoond novel was le88 successful than her first .• The better the rsvlews, the more books are sold.

I like to visit the cathedral whenlwhllelnow (that)lwhenever I'm n Durham. • A8 she grew older she became more confident. - Before she started school, she was ve'Y shy. - She was very shy until/tHl she started school. - Since she started school, she has become more conf dent. • After

startng schoo she became more confdent.

ark your car where you want to.

We had a lovely holiday, except (forYdespltelbut forAn spite of that one day w en it rained.

Is thai he one that you Ike? - I can emember who lent me the book .• Most of the people wholwhom she had invited were unable to come .• The book thatlwhich you lent me was eally good. - I can't remember what he looked like.

InltiallylFtrstITo startlbegln with, I'd nke to thank my mother who, at flrst, d dn't think I'd wm .• Secondly/After thl.,thatl5eeondlAfterwantalNext I must thank everyone nvolved in making this wonderful fllm .• La.tfylL at but not lea8t, , want 10 thank you, my fans, who, at lastlln the endle\tentually, have been proved righ .

l'rn wri ng ooncerninglregardlng your report on wales.

I'm writing In respectlregard/reference to your report on whales.

In conclus on/tn summary/As I have said/As (It) was previously stated! On the wholelln all/Allin alVAltogetherl1n short/BrleflylTo put It briefly the government must spend more money on pub ic services.

182. Ex. 182 should be done In class. (Suggested anaw ra)

2. a thoughllhough

3. However

4. moreoverlfurthermore

5. Despite/Except forlln spi e of

183. 2. both ... and 3. Despite

6. Actual yllndeed

7. also

8. not only ... but also

9. thoughfeven houghlWhile

10. because/since/see ng that

4. because

5. besides

6. However

7. Not ... but also

8. Seeing that

9. Unfortunately

10. Even though

35

Round-up 6

KEY

184. 2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
a.
9.
10. I can't afford to I no her any mo e money; moreover, she already owes me £150. (positive addition)

Not only do I enjoy my job. but it's also very well paid. (positive add it on)

( ote that "not only· used at the beg nning of a sentence is followed by a verb in t e interrogative. )

Even though he never does any homework, he managed to get a good mark in the tes . (concession)

I'm afra d you're not tall enough to be a model: what is more, you're not very p otogenic, (emphasis)

He plays football as If he were/was a protessio al, (manner)

She's a very good teacher consider ng she has no experience. (concession)

He has never bought anyone a present. In other words, he s totally mean. (clarification) She's quite shy and yet she wants to be an actress. (contrast)

I'm going to phone him again even if he doesn't want to speak to me. (contrast)

185. Ex. 185 should be done In class. Help S5 understand any unknown vocabulary so that they w /I be able 10 do the exercise.

(Suggested answers)

2. $0 as not to

3. AISOIWhat's more

4. be are

5. Because of/Due to

6. Indeed/Act alty

7. Fi stly/Flrst 0' all

8. Then/Secondly

9. on condi 10 thaVassuming hat

10. To sum up/In summary

186. (Suggested answers)

2. In particular/Specifically

3. such as

4. wherever

5. wheneve

6. although

7. who

8. Specifically/In particular 11. both ... and

9. In this way

10. To sum up

Oral Activity 13 (Sugge ted answers)

2. apart from er weekly bip 0 the supermarket. I without loe 'ng all Ihe doors.

3. as if she knows everything. / like an expert.

4. due a II-healt . / because he was II.

5. the finest i the world. / delicious. It is expensive, though.

6 before I look for a job./; however. I don't feel like go ng alone.

7 so I don't think "II be able to go 0 t tonight. I; however, we can go out later.

a provided you finish your exerclses./ if you have finished.

9 n case I ran out 0 cash./ so hat I wouldn't lose everythi g If I were as robbed.

10. ". even though It was likely to rain. / because t e weather was nee.

187. Ex. 187 should be done in class. (Suggested answers)

2. Firstly

3. whether or not

4. As a rna er of factlWhat is more S. owing a

6. Alternatively

7. thus

8. at the same time

9. However

10. neither nor

11. Not only but also

12. providing that

13. W at is more/As a matter of fact.

lea. Ex. 188 should be done In class. (Suggested answers)

2. n case 0

3. n order not 0

4. eventually

5. exoept for

6. lesVin case

7. erefore

8. When

9. All n alVAttogether 10.in spite of

11. for fear that

36

-_-_

KEY

Round-up6

189. 2 .... money In case you need ...

3. . .. such an expensive car (tha ) ... 4 .... until ey had left before ...

5. '" though she was, she missed

6 with a view to expanding ...

7. (who is) caN)' ng ...

Oral ActJvlty 14 I (Sugg.sted answers)

Unless he has enough money. he won't buy a new car.

Despite the fact (that) he doesn't have muc money, he wants to buy a new car. In spite of having litHe money, he wants a buy a new car.

He has very little money. ConsequentlylTher.fore, he can buy a new car. e c

B. ... lor fear someone might steal ... 9. .., as if she werelwas ...

10 most of which she gave ...

11 n particular was ...

12 due to (the) ...

If you want to practise these structures, you can give your Ss further ideas to combine.

a) to go (or not to go) to Disney/and - be goodInaughty children

b) to leave (or not to leave) the cinema early - goodlbad fifm

Oral Activity 15 I (Suggested answer)

It was from the Globe newspaper which were interested in employing her. So, she arranged a meeting. When she reached he office, the secretary showed her Into Mr Smith's office. etc

Any sentence is acceptable provided it is grammatically correct. Help 55 if they run out of ideas. As further practice, give various situations and do the activity as many times as you want encouraging 5s to use linking words. SHustlons can be; John passed his test, Ann Op#ln&d the door, Sue wasn't feeling w.1I so she left wor*1c

Writing Activity 5 I

Before ass gnlng the activity as writ en HW go through t e Information given and ask your Ss to talk about each applicant using linking wo ds.

(Suggested answers)

... Karen ee for the reasons outlined below. Susan Jones has a degree in phys cs. BeeauN of his, I f el she s overqua ified. Despite the tact hat she speaks four languages which would be

a benefit, she tends to change jobs often. She has, however. had va ted and useful work experience. Whereas Mrs Jones speaks lour languages, Mrs Lee speaks only two. However s e has a first-

aid certificate. In addition, she has relevant work experience. Moreover, she has travelled as a

tour guide. To sum up, I feel that both candidates are excellent Neverthel .... I would

choose Karen Lee for this post.

English in use 5

190. 2 .... in case you eed ... 3. '" is out of order .,.

4. unt.1 the food is ...

5 not allow anyone to smoke ...

6. . .. is difficult to operate ...

7 a three-hour .. ,

8. due to the cold ...

9. . .. unless estops .

10 .... you put me up .

11. . .. the event of a fire ... 12 .... Mary nor Paul likes ...

13. . .. about com og to the cinema ... 14 .... or his qUICk reaction ...

191. 2. out 5. behind 8. upon 11. a ay wth 14. round
3. in 6. in with 9. in 12. on with 15. through to
4. p 7. back on 10. for 13. at 16. 0
37 Round-up 6 KEY
192. 2, with 4. of 6. In 8. agains 10. for 12. to 14. of
3. on 5. on 7. of 9. to 11. to 13. on
193. 1. who 4. before 7. than 10. said 13. with
2. on 5. which 8. while/as/when 11. all/completely 14. so/really
3. capable/fond 6. usVonly 9. phone/telephone 12. woe/entire 15. why
194. 1. equipment 3. careful 5. amusement 7. convenient 9. determination
2. expensive 4. dangerous 6. impatient 8. adm re 10. bothersome
195. 1. t 3. you 5. will 7. have 9. of 11. to 13 . ." 15 . .I
2. about 4. it 6. to 8. .I 10. ." 12 . ." 14. as
196. 2.B 3. A 4. A 5.B 6. A 7. B 8.8 9. A 10. B (Suggested answers)

1. Be ng woken every nIght by the baby is a pain In the neck,

2. People biti g their nails Is 8 pet hate of mine.

3. As he'd already won the marathon, he ound the 400 metres II piece of cake.

4. 1100 on the day I passed my driving test as a red letter day in my life.

5. He's such 8 roiling stone! Never in one place for more than a few months.

6. That way's too 10 g. Why don't we take a short cut through the park?

7. H s conviction for theft ten years ago proved the skeleton In the cupboard which cost him is job.

8. Mr Bones ... 0 ,sorry, M Jones. What a silly lip of the tonguel

9. Please turn off the TV and stop making a noise; rve a splitting headache.

10. The quick arnval of the police certainly put 8 poke In the robbers' wheel.

197. 2. had seen 3. was

~. worked/was working 5. belongs

6. Do you remember

7. am golngfll be go ng

8. have recenUy bought

9. are

10. don't you corne , 1. 'II be

12. have nvlted

13. haven't cooked

6 Passive Voice I Causative Form

198. 2. The politician is being interviewed now.

3. The Mona Usa was painted by Leonardo da Vinci.

4. My flat was burgled last night.

5. All tickets had been sold before we got there.

6. The dog hasn't been fed yet.

7. The presents are being wrapped now.

8. The prizes will be awarded by the President tomorrow.

9. Tea Is grown in I dla.

10. The prisoners are being taken to prison now.

199. 2. have been written

3. be approved/have been approved

4. being published

5. are given

6. had been built

7. had 't bee deoorated

8. Owas bought

9. had been advised

10. were still being interviewed

11. wasn't served

12. were expected

13. hadn't b n changed

14. be cic ed

15. are emp oyed (Prese t Simple Is sed after u iii: time word)

16. had been describedlwas described

38

KEY

Round-up 6

200. 2. An al -day strike is going tolw II be held by electr city workers.

3. The missing painting hasn't been recovered yet.

4. A child was rescued from qu cksand yesterday.

S. rl,OOO,ooO is being raised for the homeless n LA.

6. Mexico City is going to/wll be hit by hur cane tomorrow.

201. 2. These ablets should be taken before meals. (omitted; instructions)

3. Co 0 red clo hes must be washed separate y. (om;tted; processes)

4. He was sent out of the classroom. (omitted; obvious agent)

5. Spain will be visited by thousands of British touris s this year. (not omitted; emphasis on the

agent)

6. My rotten toot was pulled out by the dentist. (not omitted; emphasis on the agent)

7. He IS being questioned by the police now. (not omitted; emphasis on the 8gent)

8. A compla nt has been made. (omitted; unknown agent)

9. The 1 ghts had been left on. (omitted: ob ous agent)

10. My arm was/got broken when I feU out of 8 tree. (omitted,' no agent)

11. The cat was being slowly poisoned by th orrible old man. (not omitted; emphasis on the

agent)

12. The mountains will have been covered with snow by Christmas. (not omitted,' emphasis on the

agent)

13. Breakfast is served at 7 am. (omitted; obvious agent)

14. Who was t e parcel delivered by? (not omitted: emphas on the agent)

15. She was made to clean er room by her parents. (not omitted; emphasis on the agent)

16. The wof1< will have been inished by onight. (omitted; obvious agent)

17. She had been warned thai she might ose her Job. (omitt9d; un nown agent)

18. Who was America d scovered by? (not omitted; emphasis on the agent)

19. Who s your dog going to be too by? (not omitted; emphasis on the agent)

20. Who was the phone answered by? (not omitted; emphasis on the agent)

21. Who was the prlze given to? (omitted; obvious agent)

22. Which building is going to be knocked dOwn? (omitted; unimportant agent)

202. 2. is believed

3. is hoped

4. will be visrted

5. had been planned

6. was only made

7. hasn't been firushad

8. Is thought

9. will have been completed

10. can be boo ad

11. s claimed

,2. has bee bought! was bough

13. is provldedlwill be provided

14. Is pa dlis to be paidlwill be paid

203. 2. with 4. by 6. wit 8. by 10. by 12. with 14. with
3. by 5. wit 7. by 9. by 11. by 13. w' h
204. 2. adlecttve 3. adj ctive 4. past participle S. adjective 6. past participle
205. 2. must have been told. 4. might have been (injured) 6. can have been (stolen)
3. must have been repaired. 5. shouldn I have been moved 206. 2. ... are being served dinner now. ... is being served to them now.

3 .... won't be shown his marks. (by the teacher) ... won't be shown to him. (by the teacher)

4 .... was offered a ride by Ken.

... was 0 ered to Janet by Ken.

5. ... has been taugh a new dance step by Miss Price.

... has been taught to Am e by Miss Price .

6. . .. should have been ordered a taxi. ... should have been ordered for you .

207. 2. I love beinglto b given flowers.

3. They can't stand being criticised.

4. He seemed to have been shocked by the news.

39

Round-up 6

KEY

5. She hate bein~o be kept waiting.

6. We ought to have bee old about mis.

7. The dessert havlng been eaten, we went on to drink coffee. S. She likes to beJbeing complimented on her work.

208. The best restaurant In our town IS owned by my parents. Last weekend the head waiter was dismissed by my father as some stock had been stolen by him from the cellar, A new waiter is going to be hired by my father as all t e work is be'ng done by himself at the moment.

I was asked (by him) to help serve the food. However. all the orders were mixed up and several complaints were made. I'm sure I will never be asked to help agaln.

209. 2. were frightened

3. canno be repaired, was knocked

4. look, gathered, retumed

5. to be reported, wililis go ng to have

6. was told, has recent y been informed, has beaten

7. is published, always has

8. has been grown, isla e try ng, didn't make

9. were made, bought

10. hasn't been seen, say, corn believe

210. An Important decision was made by the Government last night. All cars will be ban ed from the town centre as people's health is being seriously affected by pollution. Only bicycles and buses will be allowed to enter the town centre. Plans for a new environmental police force are being made. After all someth'ng must be done before II's too late.

211. A ho 'fic plane crash was witnessed by James Fin tast n ght. The wrec4<age fire was fought by Ihe

fire brigade wh Ie surviving passengers were rescued by ambulance men. AI e survivors

were taken to hospital bylin ambulances. It s not yet known what caused the plane to crash. Many of the survlvors have a ready been interviewed by newspaper and TV reporters. A full investigat on has been launched by the Clv I Aviation AuthOrity. It is said that a bomb may have been put on board the aircraft. It is hoped that the vital information will be provided by the alrcratt's "black box", but It hasn been found yet. The search is being continued.

212_ 2. It is hoped Ihat a cure tor the disease is imminent.

A cure for the d sease is hoped to be rnrnment

3. It s believed that the hostage had died.

The hostage is be ieved to have died.

4. It is expected that Jim will be offered a promotion.

Jim is expected to be offered a promotion.

5. II is said he was a dishonest man.

He is said to have been a dishonest man. 6, It is believed that Elvis Presley l$ alive.

ElvIs Presley is believed to be alive.

7. It is expected that Rangers will win the cup.

Rangers are expected to win the cup.

8. It is t aug t than man is related to apes, Man is thoug 110 be related 10 apes.

213. 2. The patients are given their medicme every morning (by nurses). I Medicine is given 10 the

patients every morning (by nurses).

3, The drowning boy was rescued by a lifeguard,

4. Our water heater is being repaired by an electrician.

5. You will be represented by a defence lawyer.

6. The corns are cleaned da Iy.

7, He suitCases were searched by Customs offICers.

8. T e pane passengers were being held hostage by hijackers.

9. The explosion had been caused by a gas lea.

40

KEY

Round-up 6

10.
11.
12.
214. 2 .
3 .
4 .
5.
6. A lull report was given to he police by an eyewitness. I The police were gIVen a full report by an eyewitness.

The tax on c garettes has been increased (by he government). The product is going to be launched in May.

. .. has been mov d to the fifth floor. (announce news) ... was attacked and robbed. (more details on news)

... has been promoted to manageress. (effect in the present) ... will be pulled oown. (decision making)

'" were sent 0 the London offic-e tast month. (stated past time)

215. 2. The private detective located the missing person.

3. The bu ders are fixing our leaking roof.

4. A team of archaeologists have found (some) d'nosaur remains.

5. A bodyguard will protec you 24 hours a day.

6. Most maior European airlines have increased air fares on aJllntemahona flights.

7. He(balists use plants 0 cure common IInesses.

8. Jones Ltd wi I confirm the offer omorrow.

9. Inspectors check tickets regulary.

10. The teacher punishe<1 several members of the class.

11. An em nent sclentlst is presenbng the award.

12. She likes people admiring her pain ·ng5.

13. You must attend to this matter immediatelyl

14. The glazier w II have replaced the window by now.

15. A strike may delay your fllgh

Oral Activity 16 I (Suggested answers)

1. Btinds have been PU1 up on the windows.

2. The tyres have been repaired.

3. A door Is be ng put on.

4. The bus s being painted.

5. The lights are being repaired.

6. The roof has been removed.

7. A to let and shower will be instal ed.

8. New seats are g04ng to be put in.

Writing A~tlVity 61 (Suggested answer)

... Blinds have been put up on t e wmdows and the tyres have been repaired. The oof has also been removed. At the moment he bus is being painted, a door s be ng put on and the rights are being repatr d. A oilet and shower will be installed soon and new seats are going to be put in. It's marvellous. 00 01n us on the tour round Europe. You'll love it Write to me soon.

Love, James

216. 2. b

3. b

6. a

S. b

4. b

217. (Suggested answers)

2. She Is having her nails painted.

3. Will fS going to have his novel pubt shed.

4. Ann has had a spec at wedding ring made. S. S mon has all h's suits made by a tailor.

6. They shou d ave a burglar alarm put n/installedlfitted.

7. Tina should have had her boots mended.

8. Sonia is going to have her eyes tested.

9. Trevor has had a techn cian install his computer .!Trevor has had a computer nstalled.

10. They had had their house Cleaned.

11. They shoo d h ve had the grass cut.

41

2. He had his tooth filled.

13. He s ould have had them informed of the meeting.

218. 2. I have all my costumes made.

3. I enjoy having people ente a ned.

4. I'm going 0 have dinner cooked tonig l.

5. I like having my make-up done.

6. III have some f ewers sent to my mother.

7. I had had my flat painted before I moved in.

8. III have my nails manic red.

9. I have letters written to my fans.

10. I have my bed made every morning.

219 2. paid

3. shortened

4. shorten

5. help

6. altered

7. to help

8. mend

9. mended

10. wear

11. tell

12. make

220. (Suggested answers)

2. are going 0 have our fumiture replaced

3. are having/wi I have ew curtains put up

4. are avingIWlll have the w ndows cleaned

5. had ours done

6. had our new carpets delivered

7. dIdn't have the windows cleaned

221. (Suggested answers)

2. Old Sheila have a dress made?

3. When will he have his photographs developed?

4. Tim is havi g his house decorated at the moment.

5. You need to have your car serviced.

6. Bob was having the/hls bushes pruned.

7. e manager had had a room booked.fThe manager had had his secretary book a room for hlrn.

8. I had the rool 01 my house fixed.

9. Let's have the luggage carried to the taxi,

10. Larry has ad his ta 00 removed.

11. She had her temperature taken.

12. The model was having lipstick applied. (by the make-up artist)

13. Have the vegetables prepared

14. Have you ad the figures c ecked?

15. Jim hates having his mistakes corrected.

16. Did Joanne have her nails painted?

17. He had breakfast served in his room.

18. Dad was late because he had been having his car serviced.

19. Pam Is go ng to have the pipes repaired.

20. My parents ad their house burgled last Monday.

21. He used to have his meals cooked by a c ef.

22. Does your mother have her shopping delivered to er house?

23. Old you have a portrait of your family painted?

24. Do you have your house cleaned?

25. Dtd you have a suit made?

222. Ex. 222 shoufd be done in class. Help S5 undersl nd the structures tested referring them to grammar table on p 116 Round-up 6 Student's book.

42

KEY

Round-up 6

e exercl e. l..!..UOuOo<...l.I.IlI<.....II[;!otlU.~~u.pe he letters. ~o!....!!J!.!ilJ.L..I.IIoo..u...locau.~L..I.I.I.W" yes erday. ~o....><.lj~~~ ..... her tidy the room .

...,.. .......... ....,_,.~be to mend his toiletlhad his toilet mended by a plumber. ~1.Jlli~~.iD.1..YJSJ..~ late.

11. 12.

223. 2. . .. have my eyes tested .

3. . .. can/may be obtained .

4. . .. had her br efcase stolen ... 5 .... made all the pupils wear ...

6. . .. should have already been made ...

7 got two eeth extracted ...

8. ad been led by Peter ...

Oral Activity 17 I (Suggested answers)

2. We are having a new entrance all built at is time.

3. We have already had central heating installed.

4. We will have (the) ne umlturs delivered befo e the nex council meeting. S. We are having the pi mbing enewed at he moment.

6. We will have the walls pa nted next month.

7. We Will have had a new carpet la d by May.

8. We will have he pa lings put up n April.

9. We had the outside 0 the building elea ed las week.

10. We have already had the windows and doors replaced.

9. is said 0 be ...

10 have/get her dress shortened ...

11. . .. have been damaged by ...

12. '" is thought that ...

'3. was made 0 get off ...

14 gOl ts brother to lend ...

15. had fruit juice spilt! spilled ...

Writing Activity 7 I (Suggested answer)

... oent at has ng Installed. We have already had the windows and doors replaced. Last week, we had he outside of the building deaned. A this time we are hailing a new en ranee all built and he plumbing renewed. As for the new furniture we will have j delivered before the next counc I meeting. We will also have the walls pain ed next month and a new carpet laid by May. As far as the paintings

are ooncemed, we w II ave them put up in April. .

English In use 6

224. 2. up 4. 0 6. down with
3. off 5. in 7. In for
225. 2. to 4. in 6. with
3. wit 5. of 7. rom 8. off

9. round

10. ou

11. over

12. bee

13. on

14. up

15. in

8. of

9. about

10. ith 11. from

12. for 13. with

14. between

15. with

226. 2. ... nave our beds made by ... 3. . .. is thought to be ...

4. can't ave been lying ...

5 because of ...

6 as long as you Ie ...

7. his lack of experience ...

8 such a relaxing excursion ...

9. found h s story amusing ...

10. . .. will noVwon't pu up with ...

227. 1. foreign

2. temptation 3. adventurous

4. carefully

5. accommodation

6. Immigration

7. lonely

8. Commun cat on

9. misunderstandings

10. familiarise

228. 1. on 3. it

2. far 4 . ./

5. been

6. of

7. one

8. ones

9. .I 10. own

11.,/ 13. So 15 . ./

12. been 14. they

43

Practice test 3

KEY

PART 1

1. 0

2. B

5. A 6.0

7. C

8. C

3. B

4. A

PART 2

16. the

17. Its

18. untiVbefore

19. is

20. than

21. ta es

22. has

23. way

24. from

PART 3

31. as made to go ...

32. about spending the clay .

33. . .. Jetf and HOlly broke up .

34 .. " has been des'gning t e collec on ... 35 .... needlhave to have your hair ...

9.0 10. C

, 1. B 12. D

13. C

14. A

15. A

25. of

26. been

27. event

28. before

29. for

30. on

36. ... has she been so ...

37. . .. a business meet ng in progress ...

38. had t e student rewrite ...

39. Terry nor June likes ...

40. ad his bro her do ...

PART 4

41. a 43. at 45. to 47. to 49. been 51. they

42. being 44. with 46.'/ 48. more 50. such 52. to

PART 5

56. Unemployme t

57. highly

58. difficult

59. depressing

60. advertisements/ads

61. adv sable

7 Reported Speech

53. ,/

54. who

55.

62. applicati on

63. interviewer

64. appearance

65. successful

T should point out that the lenses do not change In Reported Speech when the reporting is immediate (up to date). Exs 237, 239, 240, 243, 245 249, 250 are to be done orally in CIBSS, then ere assigned as written HW. T collects Ss' HW and corrects i

229. 2. told

3. asking

6. sal

7. telling

4. said

5. asked

230. 2. said

3. said

4. told

5. said

8. asked

9. said

12. Telling

10. tell 11. ell

6. lold

7. talks

8. says

231. Point out tnet the reporting here is nollmmedJalflAII these happened when Ann was on holiday.

2. Ann said (that) the food was delicious.

3. Ann said (t at) she went swimming every day.

4. Ann said (that) she would always remember the place. S. Ann saJd (that) she hsteslhated going bac to work.

S. Ann said t at} she was learn ng Spanish.

7. Ann said (t at) she had got a lovely sun an.

8. Ann said (that) she was going back again the following year.

9. Ann said (that) s e had made a 10 of frien s.

10. Ann said (that) the hotel was nice.

44

KEV

Round-up 6

232. 2. She said (that) China islwas a densely populated ooun ry. (statement believed to be true)

3. Ann said (that) was i e they moved to a new house. (reported unreal osst- the tense remains unchanged)

4. He said (that) water freezes be 0 O"C. (general truth)

5. She said (that) she was readinglhad been reading the children a story the night b fore w en

the lights went out. (sentence which contains a time clause)

6. He told me <that) he would help me to repair my car t e following day.

7. He said (that) he hadn't understood the meaning of the f.lm.

8. She told him (that) he could go to her if he had any problems.

9. He told her (that) he had seen the film she had recommended the night before.

O. He said ( hat) he was going to Spain the folio ng week. (later reporling . the tense changes)

11. He said (that) she doesn't understand. (immedIate reporting· the tense remain unchanged)

12. He said (that) he would Invite more people if he had a bigger flat. (reporled conditional type 2·

the tenses remain unchanged)

13. He told us (that) he wou dn't repea that/it again. (later reporting· the tense changes)

14. He said (that) e h d applied for several jobs hat week. (later reporling . the tense changes)

15. He to d me that he is afraid he can come. (immediate reporting, the tenses remain unchanged)

16. He told her (that) hey would go out if he finis d it that even ng. (fater reporling • the tenses change)

17. She sa d (that she saw/had seen h m the day before b the didn' recogniselhadn't eoognised her. (past tense remains unchanged in Reporled Speech or cnsnqes in Past Perfect)

233. Point out thst the reporting here ;s not Immed/ateAII these hsppened when FIona was interviewed last week.

2. Mr Roberts asked Fiona how long she was employed/had been employed at Smithson Ste I.

3. Mr Roberts asked Fiona iflwhe her she could speak French.

4. Mr Roberts asked Aona If/whet er she was amiliar with the plastics ndustry.

5. Mr Roberts asked Rona why she had left her last place of employme t.

6. Mr Roberts asked Fiona il/Whether that was the first time she had appl ed for a managerial post.

7. r Roberts asked Fiona if/whether she would be willing to move to Paris. ("would" doesn't

change In Reported Speech)

8. Mr Roberts asked Fiona when she graduatedJhad graduated.

9. Mr Roberts asked Rona what salary she would hope to receive. (·would doesn't change in Reported Speech)

10. Mr Rob rts asked Fiona If/whether he might check her references.

234. 2. 'wonder w at yo have told her.

3. I want to know If!whether we a e go ng 0 t tonight.

4. I doubt if/Whether this is correct.

5. I wonder whose car thls is.

6. Could you tell me t hether this rain stops at leeds?

235. 2. She asked them to fasten the r safety belts before takeoff.

3. She told them to put their bags in he overhead lockers.

4. She asked them to keep their seats upright during takeoH. S. She told them not to run in the aiSles.

6. She as ad them not 0 eave their seats during takeoff or Ian ing.

7. She told them not to use stereo equipment.

8. She told t em to press the bu on to call a n ght attendant.

9. She asked t em not to obstruct the emergency exhs.

236. 2. She askedltold me to close my eyes and open the parcel.

3. Paul said (that) he is writing h s au10biography. (immediate reporting· the tense remains unchsnged)

45

Round-up6

KEY

4. They told her (that) they hoped she would lend t em er car. (later reporting - the tenses change)

5. Oliver asked him i1 he could have some rna e food.

6. H s father old him to go to is room and stay the e. 7. e park attendant told us not to walk on he grass.

8. He asked his wife if/whether she paldlhad paid the electricity bill.

9. She told h m (Ihat) she would phone him at seven o'clock that night. (later reporting· the ten e changes)

10. The shop assistant as ed him what si e shoes he took. (later reportjng - the tense changes) , 1. Maria said (that) he has never written to her before. (immediate reporting - the tense remains unchanged)

12. My little broth r suggested painlingfthat we paint the walls blue.

13. Liza's father wondered if/Whether l.lza/she would be safe on her 0 . (later reporting - the tense changes)

14. My mother told me not to stay up reading 00 late.

15. Roy said (that) he owned two cars, a yacht and a private plane, (untrue statement - the tense ch nges)

237. (Sugge.ted answers)

A ... The doctor replied that e must 't eat sweets or oily 000, but he could eat potatoes. He added that he should also get plenty 0 exercise. Alan asked if he should oin a gym. The docto answered that he didn't need to/didn't have to 010 a gym. but that he could go jogging every day.

B ... Julie suggested ma Jane look through 'he newspapers at the job adve sem nts adding that she could also go to the Job Centr'8 as she was sure they could find her a Job, Jane asked if she should go to a private employment agency and Julie r plied that she could, but i would cost her a lot of money and she didn have much.

238. (Suggested answers)

2. She asked him i he would leave he keys and he sa d he would.

3. He gave an exclamation of delight when t e bank manager agreed to lend him the money.

4. He cried out n pai as the nurse gave im the injection.

5. He invrted her out, but she re used.

6. He wo Bred if I could lend him any money.

7. He gave an exclama 'on of surprise/admira on when he first saw he Pyramids.

8. She as ed him If he would like another piece of cake and he accepted/he said he WOUld.

9. He asked her to try not to be late,

10. S e gave an exclamation of dlsgusVShe cried 0 tin disg st as she stepped nto the m ddy puddle.

239. (Suggested answer)

... Roger gree ad her and wished her a Happy B rthday while gOing her ome flowers, l sa exclaimed that t ey were lovely and hanked hIm. Roger asked if she would like him to put t em in water for her and she agreed. Roger invited her out that night. adding at he had found a new restauran wh en he thought she would like.

240. (Suggested answ r8)

A ,., go out that night for a change. Sally exclaimed that t at was a lovely idea and suggest d going for a meal. Daniel es tated and said that he had already bought two tickets for the opera, Sally said that that was even better, but threatened to walk out If Daniel fell asleep like the lasVprevious time, Daniel denied falling asleep and explained he had only had h s eyes closed to enjoy he music. Sally agreed to go bu advised Daniel to keep his mouth closed If he was go ng to sno e.

B ... Sandra sa d he m st have got stuck In traffic and asked if she should phone him. Mr Brow answered that San ra didn't need to/didn have to phone him, but advised her to tell John's secretary to chec that day's diary, as he mioght have an appot tment that morning.

46

KEY

Round-up 6

1. 2. He reminded Linda to tank her mother.

3. She forbade the tramp 10 go there again.

4. Sarah denied hittinglhaving hit h m.

5. I'm promised his Mum that he wouki tidy up when he returned home.

6. She apo og sed to the teacher for forgettmglhaving forgotten to do the homework.

7. The nurse allowed me to see her for a few minu es.

8. H ordered the k ds to get off the grass immediately.

9. She complained to her usband hat he was always forgetting to shut the fridge door.

10. He encouraged me to try it again.

2.2. (Suggested answers)

2. compta n, He complained that the bread was stale.

3. promise, He promised tha he would buy me a presenllto buy me a present.

4. suggest, He suggested thai I tell her the news.

5. apologise for. He apoCog sed for insuttlnglhaving insulted me.

6. otter, He oHe ed to help me.

7. hreaten, He threatened to detain me rf I didn't give him a statement.

8. warn, He warned me not to go near the fire.

9. expla n, He expla ned why he hadn't gone.

10. deny, He denied stealing/having stolen the money.

11. invite, They invited me (to go) out that nightJsuggest, They suggested going out that night.

12. u ge, He urged me to spend Christmas with them.

13. beg, He begged me to give him some money.

14. rem nd, He reminded me to tell Ann.

15. agree, He agreed that she was a good person. 16. onder, He wondered if he should call her.

17. ask. He as ed me to pass him Ihe salt.

18. agree, He ag eed to help me.

19. offer. He offered me a cup of tea.

20. promise. He promLsed never to forget my birthday again.

21. refuse, He refused to get out of bed.

22. demand, He demanded 10 be told wtJere he tslWas.

23. advise, He advised me 0 stop smoking.

24. forb d, He forbade us to be back later than ten.

25. exclaim, He exclaimed that she islwas a funny per on.

26. order He ordered everybody to be quiet.

27. permit, He permitted e to see Mr Aogers.la low, He allowed me to see Mr Rogers.

28. encourage He encouraged me to do as I wanted.

29. admit, He adrruned (10) ty ng/having lied about hs age.

30. accuse, He accused me of makinglhavlng made Soph e cry.

31. claim, He cfaimed that he had seen the muroerer.

32. boast, He boasted about being the fastest swimmer of all.

33. explain. He explained to me ow I could do it.

34. wonder, He wondered w at to do.

243. (Suggested answer)

... and asked/wondered if she was the first to arrive. Susan repl ed that she was, but added hat It really didn matter. Jane apologised again and explained Ihat the babysitter had arrived early. Susan suggested that Jane help her in the kilctJen. Jane agreed and asked Susan what she would I ke her to do. Susan gave an exclamation of horror, saying she coold smell the sausages burning. She exptained that she had forgotten 811 about them, adding that she hoped they weren't burnt. Jane insisted on seeing to them nerse • encouraging Susan 10 go and greet tier guests as she could hear the flrst ones arriving.

47

Round-up 6

KEY

244. 1. "S all we p ay tennis on Salurday?' she as ed.

2. ·Colin,· his mother said, "is no here."

3. He said, ·Stop it"

4. Why are you late1· he teache asked.

5. "Red is my favour; e colour." Tom said.

6. Danny said, r play the p ano."

7. "Do you prefer basketball or football?- Pe er asked.

8. Barba a said, "I wasn't even there"

245. (Suggested answer)

... ·OK· said the driver. "What's the mat er?· 'Hava you bee speeding?" asked the pol ceman. ·01 course not.' the drive said.

It is IlIegaJ to drive at more than 50 k.m an hour 0 this s retch of road," the policeman said.

"But I wasn't speeding,· said the driver.

"I will have to give you a ticket for speedlnq," said the policeman.

246. 2. cha ge/should change

3. be/should be

4. be revealed/should be revealed

5. consul should oonsult

6. remainlshou d remain

247. 2 suggested trying that ...

3 admitted (to) giving away ...

4 apologised for loslnglhaving lost ...

5. . .. wamed us not to go ...

6. denied steahnglhaving stolen '"

7 wondered what to/wondered what

she should ...

8. . .. aocused 1m of caus ng/having caused ...

7. b delivered/should be del vsred

8. geVshould get

9. takel hould take

10. (should) oon nuel(should) be oontinued

9 complained to the manager about ...

10 I slsted on my/me applying for ...

11. invite<! her to go ...

12 begged e leac ar not to ...

13 explained to m how ...

14 promised he would never forgel ...

15. advised me to try ...

16. agreed t at it had be n 8S ... ··

17. refused to tell her ...

248. 2. She asked me where I was going.

3. "Can you tell me what time It Is?

4. He told me not to touch the parcel. S. I wonder why he lied to me.

6. The suspect denied murderlngl'havlng murdered he young woman.

7. ey accused him of having oommit ed the crime.

8. She asked me, here is the bank?"

249, (Suggested answer)

... "Why don we look for somew ere b gger?"

"Why do you want to move?" asked Wayne. We ooJy moved n a year ago: 'Yes, but you said II would only be temporary: she reminded h m.

"""at's true, Wayne admitted. "My business hasn't been very successful though so we can't afford 10 move yet.

Will we be able oICan we move ext year? e baby is growing up ast and needs h s ow room.

You're r g t: Wayne agreed, "but please ry to be patient. I promise that we'll move as soon as we can afford it."

48

KEY

Round-up 6

250. (Suggested aniwa,s)

2. Their mother warned them no to play near the road as it was too dangerous.

3. He asked her if she could take the dog for a walk as he was busy.

4. She told me not to ask Simon how to use the computer because he didn't now a thing about

them.

5. He asked her if he oould borrow her pen because he needed to write somelh ng.

6. The teacher asked t em not to talk because was a tes .

7. She suggested that he turn off the TV as he wasn't watching it.

8. He Invited Mary to their house that n ght as Jim wanted to see her.

9. He asked her If she had read her newspaper, explaining/adding hat he wanted to look at it.

10. She said that the baby should be asleep as it was 10 o'clock.

11. He asked her why she was listenlng to thaV e music adding that It was awful.

12. He asked her If she wanted to go to the cinema as there was a good film on.

13. She said she didn't want any more cake as she had had enough.

14. She said she was learning French because she was going to Paris on holiday.

15. He said he IIkes/li ad Susan because she is/was very friendly.

16. She said Tom was/is a good businessman adding that he workedlworks hard.

17. She said she Ilkesll ked learning English and that It Isn'Vwasn't 100 difficult.

8. She said she was leaetling Jane's class because she was on holiday thai week.

19. He told Bill he should open up his own restaurant because he was a very good cook.

20. He said that Sarah would like to own the house because she had lived there a long t me.

21. He told June that she could become famous because she was a very good singer.

22. He asked Jane whetherlif she was go ng to take the job or she would wait tor a better one.

23. She said she needed to buy some more a I because there was no more lett.

24. She asked me if I could phone Julie because she had heard Jul e had had a fight with MaJi(.

25. She asked me If I krlew When May would be back, adding that she had been away all week.

26. He asked his wife If she thought they should try that/the !'leW restaurant that night as he had

heard It was very good.

27. She to d me that If anyone phoned, I should tell them she wouldn't be here untillhe next day.

28. John told Mary that if he couldn't oome/go to the wedding, he would let her know the next day.

29. He asked her whetherlif he should tell Tom abo t the trip Of whetherlif she wanted to tell him

hersel.

30. Julian sald t at Sof a S ouldn't have said that to the boss because he was very angry.

31. She said that she would love to go to Venice, adding that she had neve b en abroad.

32. Samantha said she had to go lmmediately or she might miss he bus.

Before doing Orlll Activities 1M 19 give Sslelicil from Ss ideas what 10 say about each picture . There's no need to do all pictures n one lesson. Do one or two and, in a later lesson, you can come bac/( and use the pictures for revision.

Oral Activity 18 I (Suggested answers) A politician'S speech

He said he hoped we'd vote for him. He said he ntended to dlange things. He said his party

would fight pollution and clean up the environment. He aJso said he Intended to cut taxano by 10% and create 500,000 new jobs within a year. He said his party would put money into schools and hospllaJs.

They were ready to go on a w k's hoi day

S e said that they were ready to go on a week's holiday to France. She told us the cases were being packed Into the back of the car. S e said that her little boy warned to take the dog with them. She told us that they di n't allOW pets in the hotel. She saJd he was very dLsappointed, but still couldn't wait to start the journey.

49

Round-up 6

KEY

A strange dream • had

She said that she had had a strange dream he night before. She old us that she had dreamt that she (had) met a beautiful woman who asked her to go with her. They were walking in a field when it started raining. She said t at she woke up suddenly only to see t at er brother had spilt water on her head.

Oral Activity 19 I (Suggested answer.)

Ann told Paul to look at the jacket and said 11 was lovely. Paul disagreed. saying e didn' like It.

He said he preferred the other jacket. Ann agreed, bu she said it was really expensive and po n ad out that h cost £100. Paul said if he saved £20 a week, e would be able 0 buy it. Ann said tha was a good dea and that she was go ng to buy one or herself.

Jim said that t e bus was 20 minutes late. Kristi sald she had been waiting ages. Jim sa d he was already late for work and thai h s boss was going to be angry. Kristi said she had to meet her boyt lend and she suggested that they should share a taxi. Jim agreed and said he could see one com ng.

Kate sa d that the resta rant was great. 80b agreed and sajd he liked It too, and at the

food was delicious. Kate agreed with Bob and added that she loved eating out. Then she asked Bob If he had tried h s salad. Bob said that he had and it was really nice. He asked Kate if they were going to go t ere aga n foHowlng week. Kate said she would love to and perhaps they co Id go the ollowing Sunday.

Writing Activity 8 I (Suggested answer)

... and pointed out that the coun ry needed achange. He warned that standards of education would need to be raised, adding that literacy must be Improved. He claimed that the literacy rate was unacceptab y low and he prom sed to lead the campaign. He explained that more money fo schools woud help to increase standard .

English in use 7

251. 2. you like me to post .

3. in case they were .

4 cost me ...

5. give you a ring/cali ...

6. . .. was 10 blame or ...

7. solas fast a runner as ...

8 would rather not see .

9. 100 her len hours to .

10 .... you happen 10 know ...

11. . .. was so shock ng (that) ... .

12. ... came by thai vase ...

252. 2. up

3. up with

253. 2. B

4. to 6. 0

5. off 7. down

8. over

9. after

10. up

11. through

12. down on

13. forward to

14. out for 15. nto

3. A

4. B

(Sugg sted sentences)

1. rm lick and tired of people phoning me late at nigh

2. He broke his word when he didn't lend me t.he money he had promised to.

3. I mel her at a party. She was very shy so I offered her a drink to break the Ice.

4. Stop pretending you can'1 remember; you're only try ng to buy time.

254. 2. 0 4. fo 6. with 8. in 10. n 12. at 14. of 16. in
3. about 5. on 7. towards 9. 0 11. of 13. to 15. for 17. about
255. 1. on 4. Although 7. unspoill 10. unloading 13. attentive
2. spend 5. by 8. below 11. head 14. sets
3. hardly 6. n 9. sipping 12. named 15. earn
256. A.2. got 3. was wa chln{Vhad been watching 4. rang 5. had spilt/had sp lied B. 1. is hav nglhas

2. am seeinglwill be seeing

3. was working

4. will have fixed

5. has dec'ded

50

KEY

Round-up 6

8 Conditionals I Wishes I Unreal Past

251. 2. C(1sttype)

3. A (3rd type)

4. E (2nd type)

5. B (3rd type)

258. 2. will never get 3. were

4. wouldn have crashed

5. says

6. would be

7. won't come

8. do 't mention

9. had known

259. 2.
3.
4.
5.
260. 2.
3.
4.
5.
261. 1. Unless he pays the ne, he may go to prison.

Un ess the traHic is eavy, we should arrive by '0 pm. Unless he Ch nese restaurant is open we'll go for a pizza.

Un ess he athlete can improve his speed, he won't break the record.

Had you brought a map, we wouldn't have got lost Were I you, I wouldn't leU anyone about it.

Had he known about t e meeting, I'm sure he would have come. Should you corne across Paul, tell him I want to see him.

Only" you don't use a flash, can you take photos in museums. Don't use a flash, otherwise you can't take photos in museums.

As long a8 you don't use a flash you can take photos in museums. Unless you use a flash. you can take photos in museums.

2. Providing you ea sensibly, you won't put on weight.

Unless you eat sensJbly, you wm put on we ght.

On condltJon that you eat sensibly, you won't put on weigh

3. "he Invites me, I'll go.

Unleu he Invites me. I won go. j'lI go, provided he Invites me. Only if he nvi es me. willi go.

262. 2. wouldn' have become

3. could/Wou d have been

4. would/cou d have done

5. couldn't pay

6. d dn't get

7. had wanted

8. isn'

9. could change

10. wouldn't have got

263. (Suggested answers)

2 you mighVmaylwili get the Job.

3. you wouldn't have been late lot work.

4. . .. tell her I want to see her.

5 would have lost my Job.

6. he'll ook for another job.

7. ... 1f she had felt better.

8. . .. w II you be able to buy a car. (Nole that when the sentence begins with ·only lt', we ktven the ~bj9Ct and the verl> in the claus of result)

264. 2. annoyance

3. request

4. uncertainty

5. ns stence

265. 2. I would have applied tor the job if I wanted to wo there.

3. If he'd taken his job serlousty, he wo Idn't be unemployed now.

4. If he had trained every day, he would win the race.

5. If I had booked seats, we could go to the ooncert ton ght.

6. If you had warned me, I wouldn't be in a dIfficult situation now.

7. If I new him well, I would have given him some advICe.

266. 2. You pot the oven on too high. (implied cond.) If you hadn't put the oven on too high. the meal would have been lovely.

3. I don know a ything about cars. (implied cond.) If I knew anything about cars. I would have changed the tyre myse .

4. He didn't win the race. (implied cond.) If M'chael had won the race, he would be oelebrating.

5. They weren invited. (mplled COnd.) If they had been invited, they would be at the reception.

5i

Round-up6

KEY

6. The receptionist made a mistake. (implied cond.) If he receptio ist hadn't made a m stake, the hotel woold not be overbooked.

7. The film was very popular. (lmplled cond.) If the film hadn't been very popular, the director wouldn't have won an Oscar.

267. (Suggeated answers)

2. I w sh I hadn't gone camping.

3. I wish the ten didn't leak.

4. I wish I had bought a new tent.

5. I wish I wasn't going 0 catch a cold.

6. I wish I could see my fends.

I wish I didn't feel lonely.

8. I wish I hadn t wasted my holidays here.

268. 2. had 4. were/was 6. could 8. would 10. had

3. were/waSS. had 7. did 9. would 11. had

12. werelwas 14. did

13. could 15. had

269. 2. were

3. would move/had moved

4. were

5. could afford

6. would stop

7. wo Id disappear

8. would collapse

9. were/was

10. had written

270. 2 we had not stopped ...

3. for the map ...

4. wi h I had known (that) ...

5. . .. in case e ran ...

6. wish I had read ...

7 help Annlher, can she/Ann organise ...

8. . .. you had asked Helen ...

9. . .. I would have finished ...

10. . .. WOuld never have learnt ...

11. . .. wish Lee had driven .

12. . .. finds a job, will she .

13. ... yo will not 10 e ...

271. 2. wouldn't have said 3. would start

4. had played S. offered

6. will you do

7. didn't have

6. had married 10. am

9. would have married

272. 2. I wish I had found so e tickets. If I had found orne t ckets, I would/could have gone to he theatre.

3. I wish I hadn los Kelly's phone number. If I hadn't lost Kelly's phone number, I would/co Id

have rung her.

4. I wis I hadn't n out of coffee. It I hadn't run out of coffee, I couldlwould make a cup.

5. I wis it wasn' weren so cold. If it wasn't!Weren" so cotd, I coulcI/Would go swimming.

6. I wls I hadn't gone on hoi day. If I hadn't gone on holiday, I wouldn't have had my camera stolen.

273. 2. had won 11. not speak 20. to get up. oversleep 29. are put '
3. would have hit 12. cook 21. to drive 30. had played
4. would you take , 3. didn' mention 22. ave spoken. (have) dealt 31. hadn't moved
5. went 14. worked 23. ave 32. had been
6. saw 15. hadn't put 24. skiing, skating 33. had invited
7. didn't drive 16. no leave 25. stand 34. weren'ttwasn't
8. had told 17. taJk 26. were as 35. don't let
9. have gone , 8. watching 27. hadn understood 36. take
10. had been 19. write 28. hadn't ad sed
t' "police- is a plural noun)
274. 2. worked 5. could do/did 8. would make '1. werelwas 14. study
3. had 6. to have 9. (had) invented 12. had
4. adn't left 7. do 10. would stop 13. hadn't decided 52

KEY

RounckJp6

275. (Suggested answer)

... a reception to antsrta n my husband's bus ness associate every year, I wouldn't have to go to so much trouble. I wish I hadn't t ed to appear an 0 ginal hostess. I wish I hadn't ordered Chinese and Thai 'ood to be served with chopsticks. If I hadn't ordered that kind of food, my guests wouldn't have disapproved. If I hadn't booked the Lat n band, our m ddhraged guests wouldn

have found it hard 0 dance so energetically. I wish my husband had some sympathy for me and wasn'tJweren't mad at my choice of entertainment. I wlsh I could get out of organising such social gatherings. I only you had come, yo would have seen my husband dancing t e salsa. (Explain that salsa is a kind 0 dance.)

Oral Activity 20 I (Suggested answers)

{f YOLl don't have time or Ss gel tired, save some pictures for later revision.

2. If I don nd my wallet soon they'll kick me out of the place. I 'sh I had remembered to bring my wallet. If I were less fo getful, I would have remembe ed to br ng my walie If I had y wallet with me, 1 wouldn't be feel ng so embarrassed now.

3. If I could get a job here, I wouldn't have to rely on my parents any more. If I hadn' been fired.

I wouldn't be looking for a job now. I w sh I hadn been Ired. If only I could get a job here.

4. If I fail this tes , I will have to repeat the cOU!'Se. If I kn w the answers, I wouldn feel so hopeless.

If I had revised proper1y, I would be able to answer the questions.

S. If I hadn't parked here, I wouldn be ge ng a parking ticket. If I had been mo e observe ~, I would have noticed the no-parking sign. If only' had noticed the no-parking Sign.

6. If we had left earlier. we would have caught the fe rylbe on that ferry now. If we don't get on the next one, we will be forced to spend the Whole day here. If only we had arrived In time.

7. I 'sh I hadn't forgotten to tum the tap ott. If I hadn't forgotten to tum the tap off, the sink wouldn have flooded. I wlsh I hadn't spent so long on t e phone. If I hadn't been talking, I would ave heard the sound of runn g water. " only I hadn't left the tap on.

8. We wish our car hadn't broken down. If it hadn' broken down, we wouldn't have got stuck in

the desert. We wish we knew were we were. If we knew, we could try and reach our desti ation on foot.

276. 2. unless

3. prOVIded 4. If

5. Unless

6. Prov ded 7. provrdetflif/as long as

2n. 2. wasn' pou nglhadn't been pouring

3. know

4. spo It/spoiled

5. had known

6. wouldloould have made

7. ralsedlhave raised

8. have

9. will have

10. Is ("money· is BI1 ullcountable noun)

11. wUlfcan give

12. donate

13. will appreciate

14. hadn't received

15. would have closed

Oral Activity 21

(Suggested answer)

If we choose the skiing holiday in Austria, weill have the chance to taste the Austrian cuisine. We'd prefer to swim in a heated swimming pool rathe than in the sea. We'd rather stay in comfortable hotel rooms tha (stay) in apartments. I we choose he package holiday to Hawal . there will be

a va ety of nig tUfe. We'd rather stay in a room wit a view of the sea than (stay) In an apartment with a view of t e mountains.

53

KEY

Writing Activity 9

(Suggested answer)

Dear Jane,

We are back now from our holl ay in Hawaii. I wish we had never gone there, though. To start with, lhe night would have been OK but I was sick on board. When we reached the resort we were total-

ly dlsappo nted. I wish we hadn't stayed in that horrlble hotel. I the hotel had looked like it did in the brochure, we would definitely have enjoyed our stay, but it tumed out to be quite noisy and dirty. I wish there hadn't been so many tourists. We could have enjoyed the sea, provided it hadn't been

so polluted. If only the beach hadn't been so crowded, we could have ound somewhere to sunbathe. The rooms were quite comfortable, but If only the people staying next to us had been quieter, we could have had some proper sleep. If the food had been well cooked, my husband wouldn't

have been sic . I wish there had been mo e choice of enterta nment so we wouldn't have been bored to death. So you see, this was the worst holiday you could ever imagine. Well. that's all for now. Waiting for your news.

Love, Sue

English In use 8

278. 2. waslhad been

3. to spend/spend n9

4. believed

5. always had been

6. persuaded

7. had been made

8. tal alked

9. will seelwould see

10. have been trylng

11. would listen

12. arrived

13. sat/was Sitting

14. askedlwere asking

15. will you do

16. Will you get

17. 've been thinking

18. haven't made up 24.

19. 'II write

20. take up

21. paused

22. sm led

23. were listening to belOOing

279. 2. up 3. for

4. up

5. out

6. up for

7. away

8. off as 10. back

9. out 11. oN

12. out 0

13. together

14. In

15. out of

280. 2. ... book will be brought out ... 3. . .. should not have left ...

4. wondered if he would ever ...

5. was Such cold weather (that) ...

6 he took up ...

7 his heightJ{his) being tall, he couldn't ...

8. doesn't approve 0 John's ...

9. . .. found Jane's stories amusing .

10. . .. can'tldoesn't type as/so well .

281. 2. on 4. at 6. by 8. by 10. by 12. In
3. on 5. by 7. at 9. at 11. At
282. 1. hat/which 4. telVgive 7. getlbe 10. that 13. plenty/lots
2. all 5. well 8. worth 11. ith 14. least
3. with 6. ease 9. makelbe 12. out/off 15. to
283. 1. famous 3. society 5. mixture 7. harmful 9. knowledge
2. life 4. treatment 6. production 8. unlucky 10. unpredictable
Practice test 4
PART 1
1. C 3. 8 5. A 7. B 9. A 11. C 13. B 15. A
2. A 4. C 6.0 8. 0 10. A 12. 0 14. C KEY

Round-up6

PART 2

16. Ike

17. one

18. onlyljust

19. look/longlyeam

20. it

21. who

22. than

23. whereJwhen

PART 3

31 live in ...

32 not as well behaved as/less wei

behaved than ...

33 .... had difficulty (in) overcoming ...

34. . .. were cancelled due to a ."

35. ... ell for the place ...

PART 4

24. from

25. have

26. sO/t at

27. unti

28. AlthoughlWhereasl Thougtv'While

29. such

30. nothing

36. s it sine he moved ...

37 Iravel by car rather than ...

38. can'tloouldn have lied ...

39. . .. did his best to w n ...

40. ... drive for fear of having ...

41. t e 43. of 45 . ./ 47. 0 49. more 51. a 53. -ed 55. on
42 . ./ 44 . ./ 46. of 48. if SO . ./ 52 . ./ 54. of
PARTS
56. encouragement 59. exclusive 62. shyness 65. pronunclatlon
57. Conversation 60. con dent 63. ashamed
58. oomprehens on 61. rstuc ant 64. perfection
Pre-test 2 A.

1. 0

2. A

3. C

10. B

11. 0

12. B

4. C 5.0 6.0

7. B

8. A

9. 8

13. 8

14. A

15. C

16. C H. A 18. B

19. C

20. A

21. A

22. C 23.0 24. C

B. 1 is ne willI ...

2 his lack of money, .

3. warned me to think .

4. you had seen ...

5. shouldn't have believed ...

6. was such complicated informaUon ( hat) ...

7 got Mary to go ...

8. . .. i sisted on paying for ... 9 .... until he had left before ...

10. . .. can't have been senous ...

C. 1. down on 3. off 5. off
2. in with 4. out 6. away
D. 1. in 3. with 5. by
2. at 4. in 6. about
E. 1 . ownedlwould own 3. had worked
2. had 4. had passed
F. 1. lVed/would live 3. had laken
2. worked 4. will never get 11. ... had graffiti sp ayed on ...

12. . .. tell stories as well ...

13. s said to have ...

14. for the generous discount ...

15 who I met ...

16 tumed down ...

17. . .. is believed to cause ...

18 whose car this s ...

19. due to several ...

20. wish I had lost weight ...

7. oo/along

8. on

7. on

8. wlh

5. will go

6. had never left

7. were

8. had listened

5. had thought

6. hadn't been

7. were

8. had known

55

Round-up 6 KEV
G. 1. of 3. you 5. of 7. to 9. to 11. than
2. of 4. more 6. they 8. the 10. such 12. that
H. 1. famous 4. combination 7. life 10. d'fficull
2. determlnat on 5. valuable 8. adventu ous 11. careful y
3. unlucky 6. admiration 9. patient 12.. familiarise 9 Nouns I Word Formation I Articles

284. 2. fathers-in-law

3. headaches

4. dictionaries

5. plnoushions

6. phones

7. hoofslhooves

8. radios

9. train robberies

10. painkillers

11. bus 95

12. pen- riends

13. videos

285. 2. zoos

3. monkeys

4. rh os

5. lions

6. oxen

7. seep

8. deer

9. geose

10. deliveries

11. beasts

288. 2. meals 3. children

4. glasses

5. knive

6. forks

7. dishes

287. 2. are 4. s 6. is

3. Is 5. are 7. is

8. are

9. is

288. 2. Is/are 4. is

3. Is 5. is

6. is

7. are

8. is

9. Is

289. 2. are 4. are 6. are 8. are

3. look 5. are 7. prove 9. is

290. 2. are

3. is

4. s

5. go 8. were 11 . Is

6. is 9. are 12. was

7. Is 10. was 13. was

291. (Sugge led answers)

2. three pieces of chalk

3. two grainslpac ets of rloe

4. two dapslpeals of thunder 6. two pieces/sheets 0 paper

6. three kilos/pieces of fruit

7. three games/sets of tennis

8. three cupslpots of lea

192. 2. a little. a lot of, hardly any

3. two. both. some, several

4. hardly any, 00 much. no

5. a little. some, plenty of

6. no. a little, hardly any

7. a few, a couple of, a number of

8. plenty of, a great deaJ of, a lot of

56

14. pillowcases

15. violins

16. wives

17. volcanoes/-os

18. mice

19. godfathers

20. wlshes

21. ferryboats

22. watches

23. media

24. bays

25. flamingos

26. taxl-drivers

27. potatoes

28. safes

29. onlookers

30. walkingstcks

22. videos

23. paws

24. teeth

25. knives

26. forks

10. is 12. is 14. are 16. are 18. is 20. is

11. s 13. is 15. is 17. is 19. are

12. salmon

13. trout

14. potatoes

15. tomatoes

16. pandas

17. bamboos

18. men

19. women

20. children

21. photos

8. potatoes

9. teet

10. mloe

11. meal

10. ta e

11. rei es

12. is 14. is

13. are

10. are

11. use

12. is

13. beoome

14. Is

15. is/are

16. is/are

17. s 20. s

18. are 21. is

19. islare

9. two glasseslbotties of water

10. thr e packets of butter

11. hree cups of flour

12. lashes of lightning

13. our pairs of scissors

14. two piece ems 0 news

9. some, a little. plenty of

10. several, a number of

11. plenty of, some, a little

12. PI nty of, A few, Hardly any

13. both, plenty ol, a couple of

14. hardly any, not many

14. strain

15. go

KEY

Rou~up6

OraJ Activity 22 Oral Activity 22 can be used in later lessons for revision of alan, some.

(Suggested answers)

some people some machinery some sugar some furniture some ctlal an oyster

an elephant village a biscuit a match some cheese a flower

some homewo a ctlurch so e oil an actor some news some water

293. 2. postage, postman 12. portrayal, portrait 21. loneliness loner
3. exception 13. ranstator, translation 22. re uctance
4. expansion 14. injury 23. excellency,excellenoe
5. acceptance, acceptability 15. refere oe 24. intell ge ce
6. publisher, publication 16. apology 25. accuracy
7. development, developer 17. examiner, examinee. 26. excitement
8. cornblnat on examlnatlon 27. fragility
9. d ver 18. pollution. pollutant 28. regularity. regulator
10. Inspira Ion 19. judgement 29. stupidity
11. nstruc or, lnsnucnon 20. user, usage 30. lsolanon 294. 2. lrustration

3. organisation

4. lmpat ence

5. directions

6. popularity

7. inc eased

B. Insistence

9. broaden

10. amusemen

11. education

12. reality

13. unbearable

14. dedsloo

15. proposals

295. 2. over 5. un/sernl- 8. super 11. un 14. over 17. sub 20. non- 23. Inter
3. under 6. ex- 9. pro· 12. 00 15. s per 18. antl- 21. 00 24. over
4. trans 7. mono O. In er- 13. under 16. anti- 19. re 22. trans
296. 2. a, the 3. some 4. Some/-·-, the, the. the
297. 2. the 4. the 6. a 8. a 10.a 12. aI--- 14. the
3. the/--- 5. 7. a 9. althe 11.aIt e 13. the
298. 2. somel··· 5. a 8. some 11. an 14.8 17. an
3. a 6. some 9. some 12. - 15. some 18. a
4. a 7. an/some 10. some 3. a 16. 8 299. 2 .... was lovely las week.Jwe ad lasl wee

was lovely.

3. . .. is w at he needs! is needed by him.

4. . .. are very striking.

5. the scissors a e?

6 tralflc was bad.

7. are where they prefer to live.

B. • .. was very helpful.

9 wasn't very impressive.

10 is being developed.

11. t ey gave me was ncorree.

12 of tro sers Is too small.

13 she told s was good.

300. 2. the

3. the

4. the

B. the/---

9. --

10. the

11. the 12 .... 13. the

5.

6. he 7.

14. is being installed in t e ractory.

15. was lost during the flight

16 need to be redecorated.

17. is h 5 favourite s bJectlis the subject he

likes most.

18 whichlthat} they found was very cheap.

19 of the house are very beautiful.

20. is dark and cuny.

21 is the only th ng he is in erested Intis the

only thing that Intere ts h m.

22. ... is considered (as/to be) a difficult subject by many students.

23. ... is otten played in England.

14. the

15. the/-··

16. The

17. the

18. the

19. The

20 .• -

21. the

22. the

23. the

24. _ ••

25. the

57

RouncI-Up 6

KEY

301. Ss have to justify their choices in £xs. 301. 302. 303, 306, 308, 309. (Remind your Ss that we use 'the" with names of newspapers/magazines when thjs Is Included as part of theIr titt .)

2. a, he,--

3. The, a,-- 4 .••• , the

5. an, ~

6. a .....

7 ...... . ,

8. The, The

9. -, the

10. --la, t e

11. T e 12 .••• ,-

13. The, aJ he, the

14. an, the

15. The,--

302. 2. 4. 6. the 8. (the)

3. the 5. the 7. the 9. the

303. 2. 4. the 6.
3. the 5 ..•. 7.
304. 2. understanding
3. grammatical
4. commitmen
305. 2. the 5. t e
3. the 6. _.-
4 .••• 7. the 16. he, ••• , t e 17. The/An, the 1 B. The, ---, the

19. 8, a. The, the

20. a, a, a, the

21. _., -~-

22. a, the. an. the

23. The, t e

24. a, The, a

25. The, the

26. The, a, the

27. an, the, B1-- 2B ..... he

10. (the) 12. (The) 14. the 16. the 18.-

11. the 13. - 15. the 17.-

8. the 10. ---

9. --- 11. the

5. imposslbre

6. speakers

7. ncompetent

8. the

9. the 10.---

11. --

12. --

13. the

12. the

13. (the)

14. -- 16. t e lB.the 20.lhe

15. he 17. The 19. (the)

8. 'rust ation

9. co fidence

10. essential

11. teacher

12. tolerance

13. helpful

14. dedication

15. fluency

20. the

306. 2. t e 4. 6. 8. the 10. - 12. the
3. -.the 5. t e. he 7. 9. ~ 11. -
307. 2. he 4. The 6. the B. a 10. The 12. an 14. a
3. ./ 5. t e 7. the 9 . ./ 11. ./ 13. ./ 15. the
308. 2. the 5. the 8 .... 11. The 14. the 17. -- 20. ---
3. the 6. 9. The 12. he 15. the lB. the
4. 7. the 10. the 13. --- 16. -- 19. -- 309. 2. The,·-

3. '-. the, the

4. the

5. the

Oral Activity 23

Wa et100 Station Lloyds Bank

the Bahamas Regent Street the Argen ne The Louvre

The Guardian the High Street he piano

the M ddle Ages

58

14. the

15. ~.

16. - ..

17. --

18. the

19. the

6. 7.

8. ,

9. The. the

10. The, __ a, -

11. the

12. --,--

13. The,~-

14 .• _-, the

15. The, ---

16. the,--

17. l e, the

18 ... ~, .... -

19. The,--

20. ---,-- 21 .••• , the

You can repeat Ih8 8ctivity in later lessons 8$ revision.

New York Sicily

Lake Superior the Amazon the Suez Canal

the United Kingdom Asia

the Alps

he Red Sea

the Indian Ocean The Hilton Hotel

The Bombay Restaurant The Odeon Cinema Harocis

The Tate Gallery

the Great Wall of China the Tower of London

The Evening Post Downing Street Or1y Airport

the Prince of Wales Westminster Abbey SI Paul's Cat edral Hyde Park

KEY

Round-up6

English In use 9

310. 2. had been

3. was beg nning/had begun

4. knew

5. would have to

6. werelwas

7. would do

8. are patd

9. willdo

10. arrivi 9

11. was sho n

12. took off

13. put on

14. were sitting/sat

15. gjggllnglto 9 ggle

, 6. couldn' understand

17. had been sitting

18. have made

19. had entered

20. to be painting 0 painV to ave been pain 'ng

311. 2. across 4. off 6. out 8. upw h 10. dow 12. up
3. down 10 S. on 7. hrough 9. across 11. ou of
312. 2. out of 4. off 6. on 8. under 10. under
3. on 5. under 7. out of 9. off
313. 2. ... spent all Summer wOfklng ... 7. ... prevent her from starting ...
3. ... needn't ave bought so ... 8 . . .. leave withou c!osinglhav ng closed ..
4. ... would prefer to speak to ... 9. . .. didn't succeed in reaching '"
5. ... sn'tlis at used to walking .. , 10 . ... sp'te of be n9 ove 70 ...
6. ... make mysetf understood ... 314. 1. who 4. ./ 7. like 10. It 13. in
2. many S. whole 8. with 11. thai 14. than
3. of 6. ./ 9. been 12. ./ 15. of
315. 1. tell 4. pract se 7. about 10. contact 13. responsible
2. luck S. on 8. arise 11. loss 14. mis nterpre ad
3. spe d 6. fit 9. sck 12. caus'ng 15. wor
10 Emphatic Structures I Inversion 316. 2. a year after she had been hIred that she was promo ed.

3 It thai you accepted his p oposal?

4. have some mo e cakel

5. . .. I need is a goOd night's sleep.

317. 2. Is this the dress that you're going to wear at the reception?

3. It was Ann wholthat put up the Christmas decorallons.

4. W Y is It that you can never be at work on time?

5. It is John wholtha ooks after e children when Sheila is al wo

6. Where was it that you spent your holidays last summer?

318. 2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
319. 2.
3.
4.
5. What this country needs is strong govern men .

What I worry about is t e present econom c situation.

What people want is for public money to be spent on public services.

What is important is t at policy decislons are made on t e basis of w at is right tor this nation. What our policies reflect is the importance we attach to educa'Jon.

What you must concentrate on Is leav ng the build ng quick y.

What you have 10 ensure is that someone has ca led the fire brigade. What you eed to check is hat everyooe s safely out of the building. What you should not worry about is your personal possessions.

59

ROIJncHJp6

KEY

320. 2. It was at he grocer's where' left my purse.

3. It was just now tha I realised that I had left it there.

4. It Is certain that I lett it there.

5. It's the shop (which) we shou d telep one.

6. It's you who should telephone them.

321. 2. It was Paul McCartney wholthat sang the lead.

3. It was on a rooftop tha the video was recorded.

4. It was in 1969 that the record was released.

5. It was John Lennon who/that played lead gullar.

6. It was shortly after this that the Beatles broke up.

322. 2. ... did they know ...

3. . .. can I come ...

4. ... by giv'ng them sweets could ...

5. .., only is he a talented .. ,

6. ... should you show these figures /

sho Id these figures be shown .

7 I realised how unhappy she .

8. else have , seen ...

9. . .. no circums ances must you open ...

10. ... before had he seen ...

11. . .. sooner had he eaten than ...

12. ... nor djd she have ...

13. . .. start now '11 you finish ...

14. blew the ...

15 too lale did they see ...

16 did he realise he'd .

17. r you. I would just .

18 no dd they ...

19. did he (aug that , ..

323. 2 a fierce dog did he have that we were terrifed.

3 angry did I get tha I screamed.

4. a b 9 telephone bit did we receive hat we couldn't pay it.

5. lovely d d the sea look t al we dived in.

324. 2 .... did I

3 .... did e

4 .... can I

5 .... am I

325. 2. ... onty did I lose my ... 8. oo' was she old enough, nor ...
3. ... does Uncle Jonn VIsit ... 9. ... did Bill ow ...
4. . " sooner had she laken at ... 10. . .. no c rcumstances should you ...
S. ... was Stanley's happiness ... 11 . . .. no occasion have I seen ...
6. .. , before had I v~j ed ... 12 . . .. you make he , will he ...
7. ... him if he'd ... 13. ... breaking the window could he ...
326. 2. Nor am I 3. So would I 4. So can I 5. So will I 327. 2. should you tell

3. ca wernake

English in use 10

4. have I eaten

5. does it have

328. 1. to 4. full 7. have 10. range/variety/selection 13. throw
2. For 5. which 8. onJy , 1. like 14. InlBy
3. on 6. In 9. one 12. have 15. would/could
329. 2. off 4. to 6. n 8. up 10. on
3. through 5. over 7. out 9. up
330. 2. To 4. against 6. without 8. out of 10. by 12. in
3. into 5. with 7. in 9. under 11. from 60

KEY

Round-up6

331. 2. . .. wished she hadn'tlhad not sold .

3 (last) saw her parents (last) at .

4. hasn'tlhas not been repaired ...

5 being able to sop ...

6. . .. is Vanessa's enty-fifth birthday ...

332. 1. that 2. very

333. 1. variety

2. qualifications

Practice test 5

PART1

1. C

2. B

3.A 4.0

PART2

16. mosVmore

17. which

1 B. addition

19. how

20. of

3. of 4 . .I

5. the

6. at

3. occupations

4. achievement(s)

5. D

6. B

7. C B.A

7. one

8. more

7. . .. the best tennis player ...

8 was still being examined ...

9 has done hardly any/has hardly done any ..

10. was such good honey ...

9 . ./ 11. it 13. had 15. the
10 . .I 12. been 14. person
5. success ut 7. eHective 9. possibility
6. ed cation B. unable 10. accuracy 9.0 10.B

13.6 14.0

15.B

21. for 26. in
22. worth 27. been
23. hand 2B. manyl severaVsomefnum rous
24. be 29. where
25. anyone/anybody/someone 30. bo PART3

31 unlikely to pass/succeed in ...

32. you happen to know ...

33. luggage was los ...

34. dldn turn up ...

35. to drive more safe y than ...

PART4 41. of 42 . .I

PARTS

56. selection

57. similar able

43. Itself

44. that

45. to

46. been

58. extremely

59. respectfully

11 Pronouns I Determiners

11. A 12.C

36. she didn't have to ...

37 nor d d she call ...

38 such a 10 of time ...

39 did your parents get .

40 is used to getting up .

47. by

48. from

49. with

50. it

51. on

52. like

60. refreshmen (s)

61. annoyance

62. invaders

63. sociable

334. 2. your 5. " 8. melus 11. it 14. us
3. his 6. you 9. them 12. shelt ey 15. she
4. him 7. he 10. we 13. hersltheirs 16. my
335. 2. it 3. There 4. It 5. there 6. there 7. it
336. 2. It 3. It 4. There, it 5. There 6. It 7. There, There, , 53 . .1 55. had 54. to

64. necessa ry 65. knowledge-

17. yours 1B. you

B.it

8. it, it

61

Round-Up 6

KEY

10. her, yours

337. 2. Her, mine 3. Th ir, ours

4. your. his

5. his, mine

338. 2. the princess's ng

3. the couple's honeymoon

4. t e taste of onay

5. the roo of the tree I the tree's roots

6. the child en's toys

6. Our. heirs

7. my. hers

8. their. ours

9. hs, mine

7. the end of the line

8. my mother- n-taws hat

9. t e cats' collars

10. he dog's basket

11. the emptiness of the room

12. the wonders of he world

13. the man's wallet

14. the pnsoners' escape

15. the beauty of e view

16. the mon ey's tall

17. the b 'de's mother

18. he girls' tamer

339. Ex. 339 houJd be done In class. Explain how the structure of the sentences chang when the possessive Is used.

2. S e had a hard day's work.

3. You will receive this In a month's time.

4. They weren't a last year's celebrations.

5. It I a mile's walk to he village.

6. We must look at this week's timetable.

7. I read he article in Sunday's paper.

8. The wri er showed us a poem of his.

9. We ad a party in Sue and Sally's flat.

10. Mr 8rown'. and Miss Green'. offices are being refumshed. , 1. You should follow you parents' advice.

12. I am to be bridesmaid at Harry and Renata's wedding.

13. The tiles of the root are falling off.

14. Simon s certainly no friend of mine.

15. The Porsohe drew up at the entrance of the restaurant.

16. A security guard checked the passengers' bags.

340. 2. (by) himself. emp atie (without help)

3. myself, emphatic

4. i self. reflexive

5. yourself, reflexive

6. herself. reflexive

7. (by) himself, emphatiC e. t emselves, reflexive

341. 2. fixes h mself.

3 make the r olothes/dresses themselves.

4. . .. prepared it mysel .

5. '" cut his hair himself.

342. 2. dO you eaVare you feeling

343. 2. mysel
3. you
4. me
5. it
344. 2. of his own
3. of your own
4. of their own
5. your own
345. 2. hemselves
3. themselves
4. themselves
5. himself
82 6. myself

7. it

8. your

9. He

6 .... organised it ourselves.

7 .. " (has) decorated It herself. 8. ... drew it myself.

3. gay myself

4. did you enjoy

5. asking myself

10. himselflit

11. your

12. she

13. It

14. It

15. He

16. hm

17. They

6. its own

7. her own

8. on our own

9. their own

6. each other

7. themselves

8. each other

9. themselves

10. your own

11. on his own 12, hsown 13. your own

10. each other

11. each other

12. herself

13. ourselves

1 e, themselves

19. mlne

20. yourself

14. of my own/on my owr

15. of their own

18. herself

14. each other

15. yoursel

16. each other

17. themselves

KEY

RoutJd..up6

346. 2. orne 6. any
3. no 7. some
4. anything 8. every
5. any 9. anybody
347. 2. someone 5. Some
3. everyone 6. anyone
4. something 7. anything
348. 1. some, some
2. someone/anyone, any/some
3. some, something
4. someone,any
5. anyone. some. anything
6. any/som ,some. som /any 349. 2. everyone 3. anything

4. everyone

5. hardty ever

350. 2. everywhere

3. some time/days

10. Nobody 14. No one 18. something
11. anything 15. Everybody 19. anywhere
12. nothing 16. Nobody 20. nothing
13. Some 17. anything 21. anywhere
8. everywhere 11. everything 14. someone
9. Some 12. any
10. no one 13. everything 7. any, some, anything

8. some, anything/something, something. some

9. anyone/someone, some

10. some, anything/something

11. something. some. anything

12. somewhere/anywhere, somewhere. any

6. nothing

7. anywhere

8. everyone

9. noth ng

4. every train

5. e erybody/everyone

8. any difficulty

9. some places

351, 2. whatever 3. whicheve

4. however

5. whe ever

6. some changes

7. everyth ng

6. Whoever

7. Whatever

8. whichever

9. whenever

10. wherever

352. 2. hardly ever see anything nice 5. hardly any 6. ardly ever have any
3. hardly ever goes 6. hardly ever visit anyone 9. hardly anything
4. hardly goes anywhere 7. hardly anything 10. hard y anywhere
353. 2. else 5. else's 6. or else 11. else's 14. else 17. el 20. or else
3. else's 6. else 9. else 12. or else 15. else's 16. else's
4. or else 7. else 10. else 13. else 16. or else 19. else 354. 2. Everyone else 4. othing else 6. everyth ng else
3. Someone else 5. something else
355. 2. These 3. That 4. Those
356. 2. That 5. These 6. Those 11. this 14. t is 17. that 20. t a
3. that 6. t at 9. This 12. That 15. this 16. That 21. t oss
4. this 7. t at 10. these 13. These 16. those 19. These singular verb plural verb
1 . all ./
2. bolh .I
3. each/every .I
4. either/neither ./
5. either of/nei her of .I ./
6. none of .I ./ 357.

83

Round-up 6

KEY

358. 2. all

3. Everything

. whole

5. Every/Each

6. aU

7. each/every

8. everyone

9. every/all

10. all

359. 2. ether 3. nelt ef

4. both

5. All 6. none

7. very

8. All

9. every

360. (Suggested answers)

2. Not only Christine but also John wan to go 0 un varsity J80 h C ris ne and John want to

go to university.

3. Neither Clare nor her sisters have been to America.

4. Both the teachers and the students though the exam resul s were unfair.

5. Either James or Paul will pick up the parcel.

6. Neither James nor Dav d s conservative.

7. Neither Mother nor Father was born in January.

8. Either Cath or Andrea s going to the meeting.

361. 2. all 3. one 4. all 5. ones 6. whole 7. every
362. 2. All 4. both 6. all 8. one 10. Both
3. e'her 5. neither 7. every 9. either
363. 2, Each 4. Every/Each 6. every/each 8. each
3. every 5. each/every 7. every/each
364. 2. Neither 4. whole 6. each a e 8. Either 10. anywhere
3. is 5. None 7. ones 9. both 365. Ss should also see theory box on page 166 Round-up 6, Student's Book before do ng Ex. 365.

Quant.lfier. countable nouns uncountable nouns
1. a lot ofl1ots of ./ ./
2. a large/small amountlqu n Ity of ./
3. a large/great/good number of ./
4. a great/good deal of ./
5. (a) few ./
6. (a) little ./
7. much ./
8. plenty of ./ ./
9. several ./
10. many ./
11. one ./
12. each ./
13. every ./
14. both ./
15. a couple 0 ./
16. nolnot any ./ ./
17. most ./ ./
18. all ./ ./ 64

----_. -_--

KEY

RounckJp5

366. 2. 0

3 ...

4. 0/--

5. of

6. of

7. --

8. 0

9. -

10. of

11. of

12. Of 13 .• --

14. of

367. 2. a co p e of no

3. m ch, a lot of, any

4. a few, lots 01, some

5. one, each, every

6. a great deal of, no 6. eacn

8. a number of, most

9. plenty of, no, a little

10. some, lots of, a great deal of

11. a great de I of, a lot of

12. a large quantity of, much, a lot 0

13. Many, A large number of

368. 2. (the) other 3. each other

4. every 0 er

5. the other

6. th 0 hers

7. another

6. each other, each 0 er 10. the others

9. (the) others 11. others

369. (Suggested an.wers)

2. manyla few

3. A great deal of/A lot of/Plenty of

4. a fewl severaVmany/a lot of

5. alVa lot of/a large number of

6. a lot of/allla large number of

7. a small amount of/several/a few

8. A large numb r oflA ot of

9. plenty of

10. a little

370. 2. alo 4. much 6. muchla lot 8. much 10. many
3. much 5. much 7. many 9. a ot
371. 2. (very) ew, a little 5. Few, little, a little 8. a few, (very) little
3. (v ry) I tile, few 6. a little, a few 9. a little. a ew
4. a little, a few 7. a few, a few, a little 10. a little. a ew 372. 2. none 5. everyone 6. something 11. the wh~e 14. anythi g
3. nowhe e 6. eaeh 9. none 12. neither 15. Few
4. A few 7. some 10. most 13. little 16. neither
373. 2. is 4. have 6. was 8. is 10. is 12. are 14. is
3. is S. hes 7. has 9. s 11. is • 13. are 15. s t with expri ssions of duration tn6aning ·s Whole emoum: we use a singular verb)

374. 2. A iot of 4. number 6. plenty of 6. number 10. many 12. most
3. much (muc comparative 5. mch 7. many 9. a lot 0 11. a bit
375. 2. each 3. any/much 4. Most none of 5. half of 6. all of 7. mch
376. 2. few of 5. very little 8. many 11. ew 14. no
3. hardlyanyt ng 6. few 9. no 12. enoug
4. some 7. enough 10. plenty of 13. no
srt. 2. some 4. others 6. others 8. either 10. another
3. ones 5. some 7. other 9. one 378. 2. Both Tim and Sam work as pos en./Both of them wo11< as postmen.

3. None of themlthe three girts like/! kes chocolate.

4. Ther was nobody in the office.

5. Neither of them likes smo ingJNeither Sarah nor Sue likes smoking.JBoth Sarah and Sue hate smoking./Both of them hate smOking.

6. There was no Ing I could do 0 make him stay.

7. Neither of t em likes froze vegetablesJNei1her Mary nor Ted Ii es frozen vegetables.

65

Round-up 6

Oral Activity 24

(Sugge.ted answer.)

KEY

Both The W nosor and The Richmond have a four-star restaurant. Both The Windsor and The Richmond have a swimming pool.

All of the hotels have an a rport transfer service.

None of the hotels accepVaccepts pets.

Both The Palm Court and The Richmond do not have oewsoapers available. Neither The Palm Court nor The Richmond prov des free newspapers.

All of t e hotels are close to the town centre.

Both The Windsor and The Richmond have exercise facilities.

Writing Activity 10 I (Suggested Answers)

None of the three hotels have a roof garden. Both e Windsor a d The Richmond have four-star

restaurants. None of the hotels accepVaocepts p ts. All of the hotels have an airport transfer service. Neither The Palm Court nor The Richmond provides free newspapers. All t e hotels are close to the town centre. Both The Windsor and The A"chmond have exercise facilities.

319. 2. car 8. it 14. one
3. it 9. it 15. of
4. she 10. it 16. 0
5. more 11. one 17. A
6. it 12. one 18. he
7. of 13. any 19. the 380. 2. several

3. a great deal

4. a couple of

5. the whole

381. 2 only thing I havenl ...

3 sat by himse f waiting ...

4 have got no informatio about ...

5 both Fiona and her husband ...

6. . .. not anything at can .

7 .... only place you can't .

8. . .. there is plenty of time .

9 were a few fLlmstars .

10 have no got much time ...

11 neither Emma nor John was ...

12 a m Ie's walk from here ...

13 couldn't make himself heard ...

14 on a month's holiday ...

15 to leave any time I ...

English in use 11

382. 2. . .. is your opinion of/opinion do you

ave of ...

3. . .. are having their wedding cake ...

4 and neither does ...

5. needn't have bought me '"

66

20. 0 26. no
21. one/another 27. of
22. he 28. one
23. books 29. a
24. every 30. a
25. ourselves 31. the
6. everywhere 8. all
7. ones 9. This 32. person

33. one/ano her

10. every other

16. ... anyone who drives recklessly ... /peopi

who drive recklessly ... 17 .... being on my own ...

18 .•.• someone else's car to go ...

19. . .. was little we could do ...

20. . 00 such a great deal of ...

21. somewher: els8 to do ...

22 could do anything I wanted ...

23. '" none of them! the girts/the three girls ...

24. either John nor Judy appreciates ...

25 not only John but also 00.

26 can't make mysel understood ...

27. you enjoy yourself ...

6. 'd rather not go ...

7 kept me wai ng more than ...

8. need washing before .

9 hadn't broken down .

10. . .. "rst t me I've stayed .

KEY

Round-up 6

383. (Suggested answers)

2. make,do

3. made/have to maketll make

4. had done, had made

5. do

6. have made

7. d dlhave done

384. 2. for

3. n for

385. 2. on

3. at

4. near

5. unde

6. above

7. on top of

8. below

386. 1. even

2. make

3. ancient

4. out

5. up to

6. after

7. in

8. made/has made

9. makng

10. doesldidlhas done

11. made

12. do

13. is doing/does/did

14. made

15. to do

16. is doing

17. make, make

9. round

10. through

11. among

12. between

13. behind

14. n front of

15. up

4. associate

5. Invented

6. containing

8. up

9. for

10. off

11. over

12. abaek

16. down 23. no
17. opposite 24. over
18. beside/next tolby 25. along
19. against 26. across
20. off 27. from ... to
21. out of 28. past
22. onto 29. owardsltolin the direct'o of
7. remembered 10. ime 13. clear
8. down on 11. related 14. visual
9. powerful 12. create 15. recal
7. One 9. most 11. he5e 13. out 15. hen
8. muon 10. who 12. ./ 14. like 387. 1. to 2 . ./

3. more· 5. been

4../ 6. so

(" ·more" can 'I be used with perfectly)

12 Questions I Short Answers

388. (Sugge8ted answer )

2, Do you want a biscuit? {offer}

3. How far is it from your house to the station? {in ormatloo)

4. Would you like 0 come sailing at the weekend? (nvilaron)

5. Did you have a good time last night? (informa 'on)

6. Would you like to come to the cinema? (invltatlon)

7. Could you help me with my bags please? (request)

8. Shall we have a party for yo r birthday? (suggestion)

9. Who did you see at the coHee shop yesterday? (information)

10. Would you like some coffee? (offer)

11. What time does your plane leave? (information)

12. May I have a look at your newspaper? (permissio )

389. 2. Whose

3. Whch

4. What

5. What

6. Wh chlWhat

7. Where

8. When

9. How long

10. How often

11. What tlme/When

12. How much

13. How many

14. How

15. Why

16. Whose

390. 2. Where does Janet live?

3. How often do you wash your hair?

4. Who rented a new apartment?

5. What is Ann like?

6. Who wants to see Sally?

7. What Is the weat er like today?

8. Whose children are they?

9. How long has he wori<ed here?

10. How long does it take to get from here

to London?

11. How much does this record cost?

12. Wh re has Megan been?

13. Why hasn't he done h s homework?

14. Who was ET directed by?lWho d reeted ET?

15. W ose grandmother was a famous actress?

16. What timelWhen are we go'ng 0 leave?

67

RoufJd..up 6

KEY

17. What made Rosemary cry?

18. Who are Sue's new neighbours?

19. When will they have fi lshed painting t e house?

20. What was the maths test Iike?lHow was the rna hs test?

391. 2. Whch 3. Which

4. What

5. which

6. What

7. What

392. (Sugg sted nsware)

2. ... did you go with?

3. . .. does your grandfatherlhe come from? 4 .... did Craig have an argument with?/did

Craig argue with?

5. . .. is your b otherlhe go ng to?

393. 2. Who did Chris save?

3. What does Claire like (doing)?

4. Who Ii es Spain?

5. Who did he shout at'?

6. Who saw the postman?

7. What did Shakespeare write?

8. What does she hate?

9. Who has no patience?

10. What does Sally love (doing)?

11. Who did Trevor i?

21. Why didn't you buy It?

22. How long did it take you to inish the eport? 23. ow was e travelling?

8. whichlwhat

9. Which

10. What

6 is it about?

7 is/was it from?

8. . .. did you fix it with?

9 .... have you got to buy it or?lis it for?

12. W 0 wen out wi h Tim?

13. W at did Terry drive?

14. W 0 stole a wallet?

15. W at did Jane send Paul?

16. What lives in the jungle?

17. Who has read the newspaper?

18. What did the farmer chase?

19. What did Maria open?

20. Who typed he letters?

21. Who speaks five languages?

394. 2. What

3. What

4. W ose

5. What

6. What

7. WhlchlWhat

8. Who

9. W atIWhc

10. W atIWhic

11. Whose

12. Who

13. WhatlWhlch

395. 2. What

3. Whct1

4. which

396. 2. When did it happen?

3. How did il escape?

4. Who lett t e gale open?

5. Whal was he delivering 10 Jim's hous ?

6. Which dog ran out of the gate?

7. What was It wearing?

Oral Activity 25

5. which

6. what

7. Who

8. When did a young gin p one Jim?

9. Where had she found the dog?

10. Wha was it eating?

11. Who was quite angry?

12. WhenIWhat time did he g·rt arrange to meelJim?

T goes through the text and explains any un nown words before 55 do the activity. Suggested questions:

Who Interv ewed Isaac?lWhat's Isaac's job?lWhat did he see?/What appeared out of nowhere?1 What was the object IIke?lWhat d d the horizon turn in o?/How did he feel?/Who came out?lWhat did she do?/Why d d she start screaming?1W a did she think they were being invaded by?lWhat started blowlng?lWhich part of the plate was surrounded by flames?/How long did it alllaS1?lWhOSE Idea was it to contact the centre?/How d d they know it was a UFO?

397. 2 you know why Bob isn't here yet?

3. you tell me what the price of the car Is?

4. you tell me where the secretary s?

5. you teU me whetherlif the film has started ya ?

68

KEY

Round-up6

6. . .. you tell me what time the las bus leaves?

7 ' you any idea what laconic" means?

8. you tell me wether I his customer has credit faci tties?

9 you know how much Steve earns?

10 you any Idea If/whe her they appeared in court?

11. . .. you know what the capital of Aus ria is?

12. '" you any Idea where I put my keys?

398. 2. Dkin't you notice him? No

3. Haven' you lost any weigh? No

4. A en" you cold? No

5. Can'tIOoesn't she help you? Yes

6. Are you do og your homework?/Haven't you done your homework? Yes

7. Haven't you got her number? 1D0n't you have her number? Yes

8. Didn't you want to go? No

9. Won you give me the ree pe? No

399. 2. What time do you expect ...

3. Who is mee Ing .. ho is going to meet ...

4. Wha do you thin ...

5. What Is I What would be

6. w o'U drive ...

400. Special attention should be paId to the intonation while S5 read the sentences .

8. . .. should we? 10 .... didn the? 9 .... d'dn', hey?

2. ... dothey? 4 . ... will they? 6. ... didn't you?
3. ... will yo ? 5. ... isn't It? 7. ... don't you?
401. 2. ... are you? 4. ... can you? 6. . .. s aU we?
3. ... is there? 5. ... d'd you? 7. ... sit? 8 do you?

9 will you?

10. aren't you?

Oral Activity 26 1 (Suggested answer ) There's a lot of 9 ass on the road. Isn" there? The pol eeman wants some answers. doesn't e? The old lady is shocked. isn' she?

The owner of the ea caused the acciden didn't he? He must have been crlv ng careless y, mustn't he? etc

402. 2. hedd 4. I did 6. they were 8. I will
3. I'm not 5. they are 7. lean 9. Ido
403. 2. haven't you, I aven t 5. doesn't he, he does
3. s he. he 'sn't 6. haven you, I haven't
4. will she. she wil 7. doesn't she, she does 10. you can

8. aren't I, you are

9. didn't hey, they didn't

10. won'tthey, they will

404. 2. So does Tom, but Beth and Ray don't.

3. So oes Ray. but Be h and Pam don't.

4. So does Betn, but Tom and Pam don't.

5. Neither does Beth, but Tom a d Ray do. S. Neither does 8eth, but Tom and Pam do.

7. Neither does Tom, but 8eth and Ray do.

8. Neither does Pam, b t Beth and Ray do.

405. 2. pOSI ive addition

3. post ve addition

4. s rpnse/confirmatlon

5. pas iva addilloo

6. surprise/oonfirma 00

7. surprise/confirmation

8. posiUive addition

9. pos ive addition

10. surprise/confirmat on

69

Round-up6

KEY

406. (Suggested answers)

2. I'd love to 4. No, thanks

3. Yes, please 5. I'm afra d not

407. (Suggested answers)

2. I imagine no

3. I th nk not

4. I'm afraid so

5. I expect so

6. I think so

6. I'd love to

7. I'm sorry I can"

8. Yes, pleas

7. It appears so

8. I hope so

9. 't appears so

10. I don't believe so

11. He didn't tell me so

12. I don't expect so

13. I suppose not

14. I'm afraid nol

15. It appears not

16. It appears so

Oral Activity 27 I (Suggested Answers)

1. Does Mrs Green earn a lot of money?

I don't think so. She only works part-time. Does Mrs Smith eam 8 lot of money?

I don't suppose so. She never sends much money.

2. Does Mrs Brown have any Ir ends?

I imagine so. She's always having parties. Does Mrs Green have many fends?

I suppose not. She never goes out.

Does Mrs Smit have many fends?

I don't think so. Hardly anyone visits her.

3. Is Mrs Brown going to decorate the house?

I don't suppose so. She only had i done last year.

Is Mrs Green going to decorate the ouse? It appears so. She bought wallpaper yesterday.

Is Mrs Smith going to decorate the house? I think so. She men oneo someth ng

ast week.

4. Does Mrs Brown have children?

I guess not. She's very young. Does Mrs Green have children?

I th nk so. She's been married for 10 years. Does Mrs Smith have chI! ren?

She says so. Although I've never seen them.

5. Does Mrs Brown go away at wee ends?

I don' belleve so. She doesn't like ravelling anywhe e.

Does Mrs Green go away at weekends? I think so. Her car is never there.

Does Mrs Smith go away at weekends?

I guess not. She has to work on Saturdays.

6. Does Mrs Brown stay up late at night?

It seems so. The lights are on until 3 am. Does Mrs Green stay up late at night?

I don't imagine so. She likes 10 go ou

jogging early in the morning.

Does Mrs Smith stay up la eat n'ght?

I suppose so. She doesn't like going to bed beto e 2 am.

70

7. Does Mrs Brown go ou a lot?

I Imagine so. She's never In. Does Mrs G een go out a lot?

It appears so. She has a good soc al life. Does Mrs Smith go out a lot?

, don't think so. She's involved in lots of charities.

8. Did Mrs Brow pay a lot for the house?

I t ink so. She had to sell her car.

Did Mrs Green pay a lot for the house? I guess not. I 's very smal .

Did Mrs Smith pay a 101 or the ouse?

I believe not. S e sa d it was a bargain.

9. Does Mrs Brown have lots 0' pelS?

I don't suppose so. H r husband hates anima s.

Does Mrs Gr e have lots of pets?

t'rn afraid so. Her house is always full of smelly animals.

Does Mrs Smith have lots 0 pets?

I appears so. She always buys a lot of pet food at Ihe supermarket.

10. Is Mrs Brown go ng to buy a new car?

She said so. Her husband c aMd the old one. Is Mrs Green going to buy a new car?

I expect so. She usually buys a new car every year.

Is Mrs Smith going to buy a new car?

I don't suppose so. She boug 1 a new one lasl month.

KEY

Round-up6

English In use 12

408. 2. . .. have been under discussion ... 3 .... t e baby sleeps inlin whjch the

baby steeps ...

4 last saw Chnstme at ...

5 did Mr Jones leave but ...

6. . .. over nless you ook ...

7 .... would (ather you paid .. , 8. . .. it him you spoke to ...

9 .... suggested nvillng Sue ... 10. . .. the project will be fin shed ... , 1. .., was last year that he ...

409. 2. out 4. up 6. over 8. away 10. out 12. up
3. to 5. into 7. n 9. off 11. out
410. 2. in 4. aUon 6. by 8. in/at
3. in/a 5. on 7. on 9. at
411. 2. at 4. n 6. in 8. On 10. at
3. on 5. At 7. At 9. At
412. 1. on 4. nich 7. for 10. s oh 13. hand
2. for 5. been 8. purpose 11. of 14. be
3. of 6. its 9. lot 12. couldlcanlmay/might 15. out
413. 1. to 4. like 7. most > 10. being 13. th Y
2. the 5. ./ 8. been 11. oneself 14. to
3. the 6. It 9. ./ 12. for 15. ./
t "most· can't be used Ih {J6nerally)
414. 2. Is 10. to 18. not 26.been 34.10 41. a
3. been 11. it 19. most 27.for 35.buU 42. disli e
4. had 12. to 20. more 28.to Although 43. so
5. to 13. man 21. wll 29.since 36.85
6. will 14. being 22. of 3O.has 37.lf
7. for 15. to 23. a 31.in 38. returned
8. to 16. to 24. an 32.lt 39.being
9. for 17. more 25. the r 33.to 40.tt1e
Practice test 6 PART 1

1. C

2. A

3.0 4. B

5. C 6.0

PART 2

16. set

17. much

18. fact

19. the

20. meanslforms

21. sight

7. B 8.0

11. C

12. 8

13. 0

14. B

9. A

10. A

15. A

22. how

23. well

24. such

25. keep

26. no

27. greatJ1argelhuge

28. even

29. only

30. another

71

Round-up6

KEY

PART 3

31. ... did you start learning ...

32. . .. you mind elping me put ...

33. was cut off because ...

34. too seven hours to travel ...

35. . .. isn't worth keeping ...

PART 4

41 . ./ 42. of

45. It

46. more

47. body

48. ./

43. be

44. ,

PART 5

56. replacement

57. valid

5B. certain 59. available

60. insurance

61. loss

62. expenses

63. act' ities

64. assistance

65. vaJuable

Pre-test 3

A.

1. C

2. A

3. C

4.0

5. B

6. C

7.0 B. B 9. C

10. D

11. A

12. C

13. A

14. 0

15. C

B. 1.... was given a dog .

2 .... must have been .

3. . .. wish I had had .

4 is the man whose daughter .

5 couidn'trcan have caught .

6. . .. is being built ...

7 we had not called ...

B. only 1$ he a talented .

9. . .. the best tenn s player .

10. she had not had to to '"

11. couldn't make himsel heard ...

12. was being painted ...

13 admitted (to) drinking ...

14. . .. would rather not go to ...

15. did she realise (that) ...

16 made everyone/us all wear ...

1 . . .. ate hardly anything/hardly ate anything ... lB. ... had my camera stolen ...

C. 1. ou1 of 2. by 3. off
D. 1. under 2. behind 3. under
E. 1. most 3. person 5. to
2. It 4. 0' 6. It
F. 1. necessary 4. eHectlve
2. sucessful 5. variety
3. impression 6. insurance 72

36. have any' dea what Is ...

37 stri e prevented us (from going ...

3B. flOally succeeded In escap ng rom ...

39 remembered! ook everything except ...

O. shouldn't/ought ot to have spoken ...

49. with

50. t ey

53. of

54. whlc

51. at 52 . ./

55. the

16. B 7. B 18. C

19. A

20. C 21 B

22. A

23. C

24. B

19 .... insisted on my going ...

20. . .. neith r Tracy nor Julie eats ... 21 .... sooner had she finished ...

22. . .. needn't have brought so ...

23. . .. sptte of (her) be ng 70 ...

24. told me no to orge .

25 denied having stolen .

26. . .. is more fatten ng than ... 27 .... with a view to increasing ...

2B. ." should have already been old ... 29. '" have b n here for ...

30. had our ottice bro en into ...

31 suggested goi g 10 ...

32 was Cathy that organised the ...

33. was due to her sunbathing ...

34. . .. Betty and Jo like ...

35. . .. d' dn't have/need 0 work ...

36. ... spent all winler travelling '"

4. after 5. up 6.oH 7. out 8. up
4. out 0 5. To 6.by 7. n 8. 0
7. the 9. bee 11. to
8. t emse ves 10. as 12. as
7. educalon 10. annoyance
8. assistance 11. valuable
9. selection 12. unable TEST 1 A

Round-up 6

DO NOT WRITE ON THIS PAPER

(TIME: 50 MINUTES)

Test 1 A (Units 1 - 4)

A. Choose the correct Item.

1. She bought a vase n an auction.

A) ceramic, beau 'ful, back 8) black, ceramic, beaof ul

C) ceramic. black, beautifu

D) beautiful, black. ceramic

2. My therapist recommended me more.

A) relaxing 8) to relax

C) re ax D) to relaxing

3. The headmaster finished his speech and wen on .•............ he p lzes.

A) presenting 8) to be presented

C) to present D) present

4. The sooner we move house, ,. it w I be

for the whole family. A) better C) the better

8) the bas 0) good

5. He works night-shif1s, so he .s accustomed

to during the day.

A) sleep ng C) have sleep

B) be tept 0) sleep

6. He Is so naive as that he

second-hand car is a bargain.

A) to beUev ng B) believe

C) believing 0) to believe

7. He won the scholars Ip because he's ..

boy i th schoo. A) cleverer C) the most cleverest

B the clever

D) 1 e cleverest

8. I've never seen such a b 9 dog yours.

A) ra er han B) as

C) than 0 to

9. The i ness saw e lorry into t e

bac of the car and burst Into flames.

A) 0 crashing B) to crash

C) crashing D) crash

10. Thrs is expensive of aJ.

A) the least B) less

C) leas 0 ittle

11. Ja e would prefer to renew her contract .............. look for another Job.

A) rat er han 8) from to

C) rather 0) 0

12. He means the money as soon as he can.'

A) return 8) to retum

C) to have returned 0) re urning

8. Put the verbs In brackets into the correct tense.

The Parrot Ca e (13) .......................•...• (open ast yeer, in a large building which (14) .

(be) a factory before. 1(15 (work) here for he last three months now and I really

(16) (love) the atmosphere. A the mome t I (17) experiment) ilh new

ecipes because my boss (18) ..................••........ (we ) to attract new customers. By next week I expect I

(19) (devise) a eclpe for Exotic Fruit De ight. It ,nk it (20) (be) a

great success.

C. Find the word which should not be In the sentence.

21. Last w ek John went 10 shopping in Bental's store.

22. Oes~te of the rain, he took t e bus

23. so as tha nollO have a park n9 problem.

24. Bentall's store, w ich is fa her luxurious, it is

25. a so very expensive. eedless is to say that 0 e

26. hour later than John had spent £100.

73

Round-up 6

TEST 1 A

D. Using the word given complete the sentences so that the second sentence has a similar meaning to the first sentence.

27. They started restoring the famous Botticelli painting a year ago.

been They the famous Botticelll painting or a yea.

28. Wri tng in library books is not allowed.

mustn't You library books.

29. You ought to find a fob.

time It a job.

30. S all we go to the Chinese restaurant?

about What Chinese restaurant?

31. I'm sure they were hiding the crim naJ all the lime.

must They the criminal all the time.

32. You ad better consult a specialist on that matter.

were If consult a specialist on that matter.

33. I need to go to the launderette.

ought I the launderette.

34. Tom regrets buying that car.

wishes Tom that car.

35. Salty doesn' train as often as when she was unemployed.

used Sally when she was unemployed.

36. It's possible that granny will phone tonight.

may Granny tonight.

E. Fill In the blanks with the correo: part/clefs).

37. The doctor ordered him to cut fat.

38. The students can hardly wait till college breaks for summer.

39. The police are carrying a search for the suspected errorist.

40. The public are calli 9 an immed ale election.

F. Fill In the blanks wIth the correct preposItion.

1. That man Looks famll ar me. I think it s myoid teacher.

42. You can' put he blame me. I have an sUb.

43. A good doctor should be expenenced all medical matters.

44. Anyone acquain ed the works of icasso wll know this is a fake.

G. Fill In the spaces with the form of the words In bold.

In 1879 the Cadbury family set up a factory In Bournville. The town of Bournville is now

(45) for its chocolate.

The Cadburys used their (46) to

modemize methods of chocolate (47) ..

and packaging. So (48) were

these methods that the factory became

(49) almost overnight. The

grea (50) of Ihe Cadburys

are remembered whenever one steps inside a sweet-shop.

FAME KNOW PRODUCT EFFECT

SUCCESS ACHIEVE

74

TEST 1 A

Round-up 6

NAME

DATE .. CLASS ..

Test 1 A (Units 1 - 4)

Section A

1 .

2 ..

5 ..

6 .

7 ..

8 ..

9 .

10 ..

3 ..

4 .

Section B

3 ..

14 ..

15 .

16 .

17 .

18 ..

Section C

21 ..

23 .

22 ..

24 .

Section 0

27 32.

28 33.

29 34.

30 35.

31 36.

SectIon E

37 .

38 .

39 .

Setlon F

41 ..

42 ..

43 .

Section G

45 .

46 .

47 .

48 ..

I TOTAL SCORE:

TEACHER ..

(T1ME: 50 MINUTES)

11 ..

12 .

19 .

20 ..

25 .

26 ..

40 ..

44 ..

49 .

SO .

75

Round--up 6

TEST 1 A

KEY

A. 1. 0 3. C

2. B 4. C

5. A 6.0

B. 13. was opened'opened

14. had been

15. have wor1<ed/have been working

C. 21. to

22. of

23. that

D. 27 have been restoring ...

28. mustn't write In ...

29. I time you found ...

30 about going to the ...

31. must have been hiding ...

E. 37. down on

as. up

F. 41. to

42.011

G. 45. famous 46.knowledge

47. production 48.etfective

7.0 8.8

9.0 10. A

11. A 12.8

16. 1<We 19. will have devised

17. am experimenting 20. will be

18. wants

24. it

25. Is

26. than

32. I were you, I woold ...

33 ought to go to ...

34. . .. wishes he hadn't bought ...

35. . .. used to train more often ...

36. . .. may phone ...

39. out

40. for

43. In

44. with

49. succeas1u1 SO. achievements

Marking Scheme for TNt 1 A 50 items x 4 points each = 20,0

76

TEST 2 A

Round-up 6

00 NOT WRITE ON THIS PAPER

(TIME: 50 MINUTES)

Test 2 A (Units 1 - 8)

A. Choose the correct Item.

1. They re not getting marr ad .

saved enough money. A) by C)wen

hey ave

8) unnt

D) by the time

2. Take a book with you in case you ..

bo ed 0 the jou ey. A) will get C) get

8) would get D) have gQ

3. Colin's got good taste in mus c!

A} such 8) so

C) such a D) Ih refore

4. Suppose Ron asked you to e party,

what ?

A) did you do

C) would you do

8) do you do

D) have you done

5. Sara's mother made her e room

before she wen out. A) to tidy C) have tid ed

8) tidying D) tidy

6. I prefer walking to work gO'ng by bus.

A) ra her han 8) than

C) from D) to

7. My best friend me a secre yeste day.

A) said B) told

C) spoke 0) tal ed

8. is gett ng up e rty, he was st Iia e

for work.

A) Eve though C} Despite

B) In spite D) Althoug

9, When Stan was In the army he was made ............ five miles every morning.

A) running B) 0 run

C) had run D) run

10. Your hair looks a messl h's time you ............ a ai cut.

A) have

C) had had

B) have had 0) had

11. Being lata is not only rude very

inconvenient for othe s. A) wh'Ie C)but

8) but also D) whereas

12. You'd better Anne not to come over

if you're not fee ng we I.

A) to tell B) have told

C) tell D) told

8. Put the verbs In brackets Into the correct tense.

Susan Granger wor s in a factory. She w shes she (13) (work) In an office, bu she doesn' have

any experience. If she (14) (have) ajob in an 0 ce, s e wou dn't be on herfeet all day. "I wish

1(15) (go) to secreta 'sl college, she says. "If 1 (16) (take)

some secretar al exams, I would be sitting n a nice warm 0 ce now. If I stay in this factory,' (17) .

(never/earn) much money. I wish I (18) ( oVaccept) his job In the firs p ace." Susan has

some aov ce for young peop e looking for wo .·If I (19) (be) you. I d go to colleg . I WIS

1(20) (know) years ago how valuable a colle e ed cation is.

C. Using the word given complete the sentences so that the second sentence has a slmilsr meaning to the first sentence.

21. Barry can go to he meeting, but somebody mus gIVe him a ift.

can Only if somebody gives him a nft the meellng.

?2. e food was so sp cy that we couldn't eat it.

such It tha we co Idn' eat it.

77

Round-up 6

TEST 2 A

23. "Would you like a lift home?" he said. "No thanks," she said.

down She hi offer of a lift home.

24. Roger would have fixed your car but you didn't as him.

asked If , he would have fixed your car.

25. I'm sure he wasn't sincere when he said he liked mice.

can't He when he said he liked mice.

26. "Don't touch the hot plale or you'll bum yourself," she said to him.

warned She the hot plate or he would bum h msetf.

27. I met a woman; she's the director of a large company.

who The is the director of a large company.

28. She persuaded her mother to make er a new dress.

got S e her a new dress.

29. I s beheved that the mill onaire is seriously 111.

be T e mlillonaire seriously ill.

30. When they had left. she cleared away the dishes.

until She waited she cleared away the dishes.

D. Fill in the blanks with the correct psrtlcle(s).

31. Martin has always got with his parents-in-law. T ey treat hi just like their own son.

32. This fish is giving a strange smell. I don't think i s resn.

33. Who wrote this lener? I ca 't make the signature at the bottom of the page.

34. Richard's such a snob! He looks anyone who hasn't had a university education.

E. Allin the blanks with the correct preposition.

35. A diet lacking vitam ns can lead to healt problems.

36. Tim and Andrew always quarrel how to spend their holidays.

37. Make sure you keep this information to yoursel all costs.

38. We all sympathised Carol when she told us about t e break- n.

F. Find the word which should not be In the sentence.

39. I pre er traveUing by plane han to travelling any other way.

40. Also it is much more quicker than other means of transport.

41. While that welcom g you aboard the plane, the sta a e always extremely

42. help ul and make you to feel comfortable and at ease. During

43. most Intemational fl ghts you are offered tree of drinks by the

44. staH wh'ch they make you relaxed and able to e joy he journey.

G. Use the words in capitals to form a word that fits In the splice In the BBme line.

Many people envy he rich and (45) T ey eel that

they are (46) because they are unable to lead the

(47) I ves he rich do. and have to think

(48) abou1 every purchase they make. They all dream

of one day owning (49) possessions and being able to

have a ca efree (SO) which is supposedly c aracleristic

of the rich.

FAME LUCKY ADVENTURE CARE VALUE UVE

78

TEST2A

Round-up 6

DATE CLASS .

I TOTAL SCORE:

NAME

TEACHER .

Test 2 A (Units 1 - 8)

(TIME: 50 MINUTES)

Section A

1 .

2 .

3 .

4 .

5 ..

6 .

7 .

8 .

9 .

10 ..

11 ..

12 ..

Section B

13 .

14 .

15 ..

16 ..

17 .

18 ..

19 .

20 .

Section C

21 26.

22 27.

23 28.

24 29.

25 30.

Section 0

31 ..

32 .

33 ..

34 ..

Setlon E

35 .

36 ..

37 .

38 ..

Section F

39 ..

40 .

41 ..

42 .

43 .

44 .

Section G

45 ..

46 ..

47 .

48 ..

49 ..

50 ..

79

Roundwup6

TEST 2 A

KEY

A. 1. 8 3. A

2. C 4. C

5.0 6.0

1.8 8. C

9.8 10. 0

11. B

12. C

8. 13: wonced

14. had

15. had gone

16. haCi taken

17. 'IVwiIVshaJt never earn

18. hadn, accepted

19: were

20. had knoWn

C. 21 .... can Barry go to ...

22. . .. was such spicy food ...

23. turned down ...

24. you had asked Roger ...

25. can't have been sincere ...

26. ." warned him not to touch ~.

27. woman who I met ... .

28 got her mother to make ...

29 Is believed to be ...

30. until they had 48ft befot'e ...

D. 31. on
E. 35. In
,. 39. than
Q. 45. famoua
48. unlucky 32. oft

33. out

34. downon

.36. about

37. At

38. wtth

40. f1'1Ofe

41. that

42. to

43. of

44. they

47. adVenturous 48.carefutly

49. valuabfe

50. lifellife8tyte

.rklng Scheme fOr TNt 2 A 50 items x 4 points each = 28,0

80

TEST 3A

Round-up 6

00 NOT WRITE ON THIS PAPER

(TIME: 50 INUTES)

Test 3 A (Units 1 - 12)

A. Choose the correct Item.

1. . of the two applicants gol Ihe job?

A) Who B) Which

C) What D) Whose

2. We go swi mlng we .

A) another e the oth r

C) each other D} every other

3. Everyone nows what to do ?

A} don't they B) doesn't e

C) don'I you D) don't we

4. "Are there any quesnons?' -No, ..

A) neither 8) none

C} either D) no

5. If you don' learn from your mistakes. you

won't progress.

A) make C) have

e) do

0) happen

6. This c a 'ty provides food and shetter for ............ homeless.

A) a large quantity C)a

e) an D) then

7. Hardly ....... people tumed up for the meeting.

A) some B) no

C) any D) every

8. Toby and Greg always play tenrus ..

the weekends. A) by C)o

B) in O} al

9. Ann spent four months in hospital

before she was cured. A) an C) any

B) the O} --

10. TraveUing bus is cheaper than tak ng

a laxl. A) on C) by

8) at 0) In

., 1. It was awful wea her lhat we cancelled

he barbecue.

A) so 8) such

C) such an 0 w at

12. Sam doesn't I ke fruit, and Jim doesn

A) neither B) nor

C) too 0) either

B. Using the word given complete the sentences so that the second sentence has a similar meaning to the first sentence.

13. Someone gave Sindy a sports car for her birthday.

given S ndy tor her birthday.

14. Someo e stole my traveller's c eques when I was on holiday.

had 1 wh n 1 was on ~iday.

15. She would have mel you. but she had to work late.

not If work late, she would have met you.

16. "You must accompany me to the station: the policeman said to me.

on The policeman to the station.

17. She rem nded me to feed the dog.

not She 10 feed the dog.

18. "Yes, I drank all the orange juice.· she said.

drinking She all the orange juice.

19. He smoked a lot, so he had a very bad cough.

due His very bad cough a lot.

20. Beef isn't as fattening as lamb.

more Lamb beef.

81

RoulJd.up 6

TEST 3 A

21. She spoke so softly that none of the students a the back of the classroom could hear her.

make She spoke so softly that she at the back of the classroom.

22. Tina a e almost not ing at dinner last night.

anything Tina at dinner last night.

23. As soon as she had breakfast. s e laft the house to go to work.

had No than s e left the house to go to work.

24. Anna arranged the garden party at the church.

that 11 garden party at the church.

25. Mrs Black is 50. bu s a still dresses like a teenager.

her In I Mrs Black still dresses like a teenage.

26. I'm sure the news was quite upsetting.

been The news............................................................ quite upsetting.

27. John worked in a shop all w nter.

spent John In a shop.

28. The decorators were still pain jng the nat when I moved In.

painted The f1at........................................ when I moved In.

29. No one in the club can beat him at chess.

player He is in the club.

30. John llkes football. Mark likes football too.

and Both football.

C. Fill In the blanks with the correct part/cle(s).

31. Can you put the i terview until next wee ? I'm too busy this week.

32. Are you going to the airport to see Julie ?

33. Jane always slands me when I'm n troub e. She's a good neoo.

34. We were surprised when Mandy turned at the party. She hadn been Invited.

D. Fill In the blanks with the correct preposition(s).

35. The new laws are still discussion.

36. After Climbing five flights of stairs, she was b eath.

37. Whales are danger of becoming extinct.

38 her astonishment. she comp ted the test successfully.

E. Find the word which should not be In the sentence.

39. Both of Elena and Sue were ·shopahol cs" unt they received 40. uge bills whic they couldn't pay them. The girls used to

41. go to a shop which was the more ex pens ve than any other in town.

42. When they COUldn't afford themselves to pay in cash they used 43. heir credit cards, but bills not been paid on time had interest

44. c arges added so as that they worked all month just to pay them.

F. Use the words In capitals to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.

Many people are under the (45) that wi1hout an

adequate (46) it is extremely dJfficult to get a good job

and therefore yo will be (47) to financially support yourself.

While qua ifications are (48) assets common sense and

determination can be equally (49) Many an uneducated

person has achieved suocess, much to the (SO) of their

more highly-qualified assoc ates.

IMPRESS EDUCATE ABLE VALUE EFFECT ANNOY

82

TEST 3 A

NA E

I TOTAL SCORE:

DATE CLASS .

TEACHER .

Test 3 A (Units 1 - 12)

(TIME: 50 MINUTES)

Section A

1 ..

2 .

3. . ..

4 ..

5 ..

6 ..

7 .

8 .

9 ..

10 ..

11 .

12 .

I Section B

13 .

14 ..

15 ..

16 .

17 ..

18 .

19 .

20 .

21 .

22 .

23 .

24 .

25 .

26 ..

27 ..

28. . .

29 .

30 .

Section C

31 .

32 ..

33 .

34 ..

Setlon 0

35. .. ..

36. .. ..

37. . ..

38 .

Section E

39 .

40 ..

41. 42 ..

43 .

44 .

Section F

45 .

46 .

47. .. .

48. .. ..

49 .

50 .

83

Roundoup6

KEY

7. C 8.0

9.0 10. C

11. 8 12.0

20 .......
C. St. Oft •. eIf 33. by
D. 35;~ 31. outof 37. in
e- •• 01 ..0. hMn 41. the
F. .7. unable
•• VIduebIe 22.... h8tdIy an~ ate enythfng ...

23, sooner had ahe had breakfast ...

2.. was Anna ~ IUT8fIged the ...

25. spite of her being 50 ...

26. nut h8Ye been ...

Z7. . .. spent all winter wortdng .

28. . .. was ~ painted .

29. ... the beat ohaea player .

30. . .. John and MaJt( ....

r

34. up

..

38. To

.a. effective 50. annoyance

eo

.:-::' .

84

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful