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Vocational New Syllabus XI and XII

Vocational New Syllabus XI and XII

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Published by rsgk
Tamilnadu Government's new vocational syllabus for XI and XII std
Tamilnadu Government's new vocational syllabus for XI and XII std

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Published by: rsgk on Jan 06, 2011
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11/14/2012

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~IDillJij(;Mru 11 mJiJJIDw12m ru®uq q!C HJ r;p !bff!li JiJ th ill ill' U n Lib!C LLID

2010 - 11

NINE POPULAR VOCATIONAL COURSES

1. General Mechinist

2. Electrical Machines

3. Electronic Equipments

4. Draughtsman Civil

5. Nursing

6. Food Management and Child Care

7. Textiles and Dress Designing .

8. Agricultural Practices (Tamil Medium only)

9. Office Secretaryship

DETAILS OF THE THEORY AND PRACTICAL PAPERS

Courses

Books to be Written

I. General Machinist

XI - Theory I - Engineering Drawing Theory 11- Workship Engineering Practical: Filing Work

XII - General Machinist Theory - I Practical I - Lathe Work

Practical II - Fitting Work

II. Electircal Machines and Appliances

XI - Theory I - Electrical Engineering Theory II - Engineering Machanics and Drawing

Practical

XII - Electrical Machines and Appliances Theory

Practical I : Electrical Machines and Appliances

Practical II : Electrical Machines and Appliances

III. Electronic Equipments .

XI - Basics of Electronic TechnologyTheory

Basics of Electronic TechnologyPractical I

Basics of Electronic TechnologyPractical II

XII - Electronic Equipments - Theory Electronic Equipments Practical I Electronic Equipments Practical II

IV. Draughtsman Civil (TM & EM)

V.Nursing

VI. Food Management and Child Care

VII. Textiles and Dress Designing

)

XI - Theory - Draughtsman Civil Draughtsman Civil Practical I Draughtsman Civil Practical IT XII - Theory - Draughtsman Civil Draughtsman Civil Practical I Draughtsman Civil Practical IT XI - Nursing - Theory

Nursing Practical I Nursing Practical II XII - Nursing - Theory Nursing Practical I Nursing Practical II

XI - Food Management and Child CareTheory

Food Management and Child Care Practical I

Food Management and Child Care Practical II

XII - Food Management and Child CareTheory

Food Management and Child Care Practical I

Food Management and Child Care Practical II

XI - Textitles and Dress DesigningTheory .

Textit1es and Dress Designing Practical I

Textitles and Dress Designing Practical II

XII - Textitles and Dress Designing - Theory

Textitles and Dress Designing - Practical I

Textitles and Dress DesigningPracti cal II

XI - (]6l.JGTTIT 6iM" o$®~~ww
(]6l.J GTTIT 6iM" QS=WW@QlJ!)o$GTr - I
(]6l.J GTTIT 6iM" QS=WW@QlJ!)o$GTr - II
XII - (] 6l.J GTTIT 6iM" o$®~~ww
(] 6l.JGTTIT 6iM" QS=WW@QlJ!)o$GTr - I
(]6l.J GTTIT 6iM" QS=WW@QlJ!)o$GTr - II IX. Office Secretaryship

XI - Management Principles - Theory Computerised Accounting

XII - Office Management - Theory Computerised Accounting

CONTENTS

SI.No. PARTICULARS Page No.
1. General Mechinist 1 - 44
2. Electrical Machines 45 -70
3. Electronic Equipments 71 - 90
4. Draughtsman Civil 91 - 11 0
5. Nursing 111-143
-
6. Food Management and Child Care 144 - 173
7. Textiles and Dress Designing 174-193
8. Agricultural Practices (Tamil Medium only) 194 - 218
.
9. Office Secretaryship 219-245 6)J. ~a; 4!D QlJ)IT~~tD
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GENERAL MACHINIST

XIth Standard SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

, /
XI Std
S.No Subjects Internal External Total
1. Language 20 180 200
2. English 20 180 200
3. Related Subject Mathematics - 200 200
Vocational Subjects
4. Theory I
Engineering Drawing - 200 200
5. Theory II
Workshop Engineering - 200 200
6. Practical
Filing Work 50 150 200·
Total 1200 14

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE GENERAL MACHINIST

Syllabus for XI Standard

Theory I (ENGINEERING DRAWING)

Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING DRAWING

Introduction - Engineering drawing - Importance of engineering drawing - Geometrical drawing - Computer graphics

Chapter 2 DRAWING INSTRUMENTS

Introduction - Drawing instruments - Drawing board - Tee square - Drafter - Pencils and pencil leads - Scales - Set-square - Protractor- French curves - Instruments box ( Compasses, Divider, Inking pen, Lengthening bar ) - Drawing sheets

Chapter 3 BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS (BIS)

Introduction - Objectives BIS - Lay-out of drawing sheets - Title- block - Details of title - block

Chapter 4 LETTERING AND DIMENSIONING

Importance oflettering - Proportions oflettering - Normal, Condensed, Extended - Spacing of letters - Types of lettering - Single-stroke, Gothic - Importance Dimensioning - Types of dimensions - Size, Locating - Systems of dimensioning - Aligned, Unidirectional- Notation of dimensioning - Dimension line, Extension line, Arrow head, Leader line, Dimension figure - General rules for dimensioning

Chapter 5 GEOMETRICAL CURVES

Introduction - Ellipse - Concentric circles method and parallelogram method - Cycloidal curves - Cycloids, Epicycloids, Hypocycloids - Involutes

Chapter 6 SURFACES

Introduction - Types of surfaces - Flat surface - Horizontal surface, Vertical surface, Inclined

surface - Spherical surface - Concave surface, Convex surface

Chapter 7 SCALE OF A DRAWING

Introduction - Uses of scales - Sizes of scale - Full size, Reducing scale, Enlarging scale - Representative Fraction - Necessary factors for constructing scales - Classification of scalesPlain or simple scale, Diagonal scale, Vernier scale, Scale of chords

15

--. - -~--

Chapter 8 THEORY OF PROJECTION

Introduction - Theory of projection - Projection - Projectors, Planes of projection - Types of projections - Pictorial, Orthographic - Principal planes of projection - Horizontal plane, Vertical plane, Profile plane - Three orthographic views - Front view, Top view, Side view - System of principal planes of projection - Types of orthographic projection (with symbols) - Exercises to make orthographic projections from isometric view and to make isometric view from orthographic projections

Chapter 9 SECTIONAL VIEWS

Introduction - Elements of a sectional view - Guidelines to draw hatching lines in sectional views - Types of sections - Full section, Half section, Off-set section, Revolved section, Removed section, Partial section, Thin section - Conventional representation of various materials in section - Exercises

Chapter 10 THREADS, KEYS AND KEYWAYS

Threads - Nomenclature of threads - Left hand thread, Right hand thread - Single start thread, Multiple start thread - Forms of thread - British Standard Whitworth thread, BritishAssociation Thread, Metric thread, Square thread, Acme thread, Knuckle thread, Buttress thread - Nut - Hexagonal nut, Square nut - Proportions of a hexagonal thread - Bolt - Hexagonal bolt, Square bolt - Proportions of hexagonal bolt - Keys - Classification of keys - Sunk keys - Saddle keys - Types of sunk keys and saddle keys - Proportions of parallel sunk key and Gib headed key

Chapter 11 ASSEMBLY DRAWINGS

Introduction - Types of assembly drawings - Procedure for making assembly drawing from details - Practice to draw V- block, C- clamp, Screw jack

Chapter 12 BLUE PRINT READING

Answering the questions found below the given drawings

Chapter 13 DRAWING SYMBOLS

All drawing symbols

Chapter 14 Auto CAD

Introduction - Computer graphics - Auto CAD getting started - Important features of Auto CAD - Drop down menu, Standard windows toolbar, Auto CAD specific toolbar, The drawing pane, View tabs, The command pane, The status bar - Command entry - Using keyboard, Using toolbar, Using drop down menus - Saving the drawings - Draw commands - Drawing a line - Drawing a rectangle - Drawing a poly-line - Drawing a polygon - Drawing a circle - Drawing a arc - Drawing a ellipse - Drawing a point - Drawing hatchings - Drawing a block

16

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE GENERAL MACHINIST

Syllabus for XI Standard

Theory II (WORKSHOP ENGINEERING)

Chapter 1 WORKSHOP ENGINEERING AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Introduction - Machine tool - Types of machine tool - Machinist - Safety - Common sources of accidents - Causes for accidents - Safety precautions - General safety precautions - Safety precautions regarding machine tools - Safety precautions regarding hand tools - Safety precautions regarding operators - First Aid

Chapter 2 HAND TOOLS

Introduction - Vise - Parallel clamp - C clamp - Files - Classification of files - Hacksaw frame - Hammer - Marking tools - Steel rule - Odd-leg caliper - Divider and trammel - Punches - Try-square - Scriber - Protractor - Surface plate - Marking table - Surface gauge - V block - Angle plate - Marking hammer - Vernier height gauge - Lay-out media

Chapter 3 MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

Introduction - Types of measuring instruments - Standard - Adjustable -Methods of taking measurements - Direct - Indirect - Inspection - Grades of measuring instruments - Precision - Semi precision - Non precision - Classification of measuring instruments - Linear - AngularPlane surface - steel rule - Types of steel rule - Calipers - Types of calipers - Vernier CaliperMicrometer - Differences between Vernier Caliper and Micrometer.

Chapter 4 ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Introduction - Classification of materials - Metals - Ceramics - Polymers - Composites - Structure of materials __:_ Mechanical properties - Toughness - Hardness - Ductility - Brittleness - Malleability - Resilience - Stiffness - Common engineering materials - Cast iron - Steel - Aluminium - Copper - Lead - Zinc - Tin - Chromium and their alloys

Chapter 5 HEAT TREATMENT

Introduction - Objective of heat treatment - Types of heat treatment - Annealing - Normalizing - Hardening - Tempering - Case hardening - Carburizing - Cyaniding - Nitrating - Flame hardening - Induction hardening - Heat treatment furnaces - Electric furnace (sintering) - Gas fired furnace - Oil fired furnace - Salt bath furnace - Quenching

17

Chapter 6 JIGS AND FUXTURES

Introduction - Advantages of jigs and fixtures - Differences between a jig and a fixture - Jig, Fixture - Definition - Elements of jigs - Body - Location devices - Camping devices - Bushes (Tool guiding devices) - Indexing devices - Jig feet - Location - Principles oflocation - 6 point location ( 3-2-1) - Clamping - Types of clamps - Types of jigs - Template jig - Plate jigChannel jig - Diameter jig - Leaf jig - Ring jig - Box jig. - Types of fixtures.

Chapter 7 STANDARDISATION [Limits, Fits, & tolerances]

Introduction - Limits and fits - Standardization - Interchangeability - Tolerance - Basic terminology - Nominal size - Basic size - Actual size - Deviation - Limits of sizes - Zero line - Allowance - Clearance - Interference - Fits - Classification of fits - Clearance fit - Interference fit - Transition fit

Chapter 8 TRANSMISSION OF POWER

Introduction - Methods of power transmission - Belt drive - open belt, crossed belt, compound belt - velocity ratio - Rope drive - Chain drive - Gear drive - Types of gears - Simple gear train - Compound gear train - Velocity ratio.

Chapter 9 HYDRAULICS

Introduction - Properties of fluids - Density - Specific weight - Specific volume - relative density - compressibility - viscosity - Advantages of hydraulic drive over mechanical drive - Basic hydraulic circuit - Hydraulic valves - All hydraulic symbols.

Chapter 10 ELECTRICITY

Introduction - current - voltage - Resistence - Energy - Power - Ohm's Law - Electromagnet. induction - e.m.f,- m.m.f - Flemming's Right Hand Rule and Left Hand Rule - D.C and A.C Advantages and Disadvantages.

Chapter 11 INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT

Plant Engineering plant - Plant location - Introduction - Plant layout - Work study - Introduction - Productivity - Resources of production - Methods of increasing productivity - Production planning and control (PPC) - Quality control- Introduction - Importance of production planning and control - Types of control - Principles of management - Definition of management and organization - Taylor's scientific management - Henry Fayol's principles of managementOrganization - Types of organization - Linear organization - Taylor's form of organization.

Chapter 12 COST ESTIMATION

Introduction I Purpose - Constituents of cost - Material - labour - overhead - Components of cost - Prime - Factory - manufacturing - total

18

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE GENERAL MACHINIST

Syllabus for XI Standard Practical (Filing and Hacksaw Cutting)

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Q 6lJ 6\) tq. rru 6lJ 6m 8) 8) 6Tr

Q 6lJ 6\) tq.rru QUIT ® L8) ® tD, Q 6lJ 6\) Lq-ri.J 8) ® 6l5l8) ® tD Q 6lJ 6\) tq. rru .@ UJ ~ ~ IT ri.J 8) 6Tr

Q 6lJ 6\) tq. rru .@6m6mU 4

Q 6lJ 6\) tq.rru .@6m6mU 4 6lJ rn 8)8) 6Tr

26

UIfLID 9 C.N.C. @WfbJ)fJrhllhID ~ !!5l (!p c$ tD

C.N.C. ~11JJi>~1J 6)J6IDc$c$6Tr

C. N . C. ~ I1J Ji>~ IJrru c$ GTfl6irr ~ ®IBin.6\) rru c$ 6Tr

6)JW8;c$LDIT6lJT ~11J~~lJrruc$~8;®tD, C.N.C. ~11JJi>~lJffiJc$~8;®tD .@6ID L ~ I1J I1J IT 6lJT ~ 6)J IDI U IT (!)l c$ 6Tr

C.N.C. ~11JJi>~lJrruc$6ID6TT8; c$L..@uu(!)l~~tD (!p6ID!!) C . N . C. ~ I1J Ji> ~ IJ rru c$ GTfl6irr Bin. !PI c$ 6Tr

C.N.C. ~11JJi>~lJtD Q611JruU@tD 6lSl~tD

Q6)JL..@tD ~6)Jc$tD, l2mL....LtD, Q6).JL..@tD ~WtD

UIfLID 10 @UJJi,!£fJrhllhrnmU UfJlffDrf'~!bro ~ !!5l (!p c$ tD

U IJ IT LD ffI ~ ~ 6ISl6irr ~!5 IT 8; c$ rru c$ 6Tr

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U IJ IT LD ffI ~~ 6ISl6irr 6)J 6ID c$c$ 6Tr

6)JW8;c$LDIT6lJTU uIJITLDfflu4 ~@U4U UIJITL.DfflU4

~ I1J Ji>~ IJ tD Q 611J 6\) !D IDI u ~ U IT 6lJTL.5l6irr ~ L.D!D Qc$ IT 6Tr@9tD U IJ IT L.D ffI U 4 Qu®tD U@~UITITU4 (~) ~®~~lU6IDL.D8;®tD ~Q16lS)6\)

l!L lU 6l5l @ ~6\)

a, lU 6l5l @ ~ 6\) QI 6ID c$c$ 6Tr

27

.....

12m (j)J~uq UIJL~!f)LLm

Q if W<!pffi fJ) I (&mLa:ID (g(j)J ffil5U&rn")

J

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~-. I
... I -
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30

(gw6U@mroa. ffiroill' - ~!bfJ!iJiJ.ffiroill' QUIT IjI ilwJ;611J6Dlw6U

12m fill~Uq UfJLif,~LLm (~{fw@mJJ) II) ~UfJQ!)if,~!bro (gfillmro ~. 31 ~

16

1

.l 15

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T

31

./

...... L5~

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-1 IS

~ ~ ~.T

i 18

T

- 1

- T

--1 r-----.----~

If)

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1

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-1 14- _T

..... 16--1-

r--~--~--- .. --.--.-" .

32

()

01 '!:j.L

----

62. .

9. U'.L_B: ill.L_L~,4jro 9(gfJ ~mtill'ro[Jm MmmMLro SHOLES EGUISPACEEO ¢ '6

. ~,--------------~

33

4 HOLES r$8

.... r

j

~ ,

2&

,.....

ORl LL 4>9 3/%}) TAP

4-HOLES¢ IQ

34

GENERAL MACHINIST·

XIIth Standard SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

Subjects Internal External Total
Part I
Language 20 180 200
Part II
English 20 180 200
Part III
Related Subject Mathematics - 200 200
Theory I
General Machinist - 200 200
Practical I
Lathe Work SO 150 200
"Practical II
Fitting Work SO 150 200
Total 1200 35

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE GENERAL MACHINIST

Syllabus for XII Standard

Theory I (GENERAL MACHINIST THEORY)

Chapter 1 LATHE

Introduction - Types - Size - Major Parts - Spindle mechanism - Feed mechanism - Work holding devices - Cutting tool- Operation - Cutting speed, Feed, Depth of cut.

Chapter 2 DRILLING MACHINE

Introduction - Types - Size - Spindle assembly - Work holding devices - Tools Types - Tool holding devices - Operations - Cutting speed, Feed, Depth of cut.

Chapter 3 SHAPING MACHINE

Introduction - Types - Size - Ram reciprocation mechanism - Table feed mechanism - Stroke length calculation - Adjusting stroke length & position of stroke - Work holding devices - Tool head - Types of shaper tools - Operations - Cutting speed, Feed, Depth of cut.

Chapter 4 GRINDING MACHINE

Introduction - Types - Size - Kinds of grinding - Work holding devices - Operations - Grinding wheels - Abrasives - Bonds - Grit, Grade & Structure - Standard marking system - Selection of grinding wheels - Mounting of grinding wheels - Glazing, Loading & chattering - Dressing, Truing & balancing of grinding wheels - Cutting speed, Feed, Depth of cut. - Super finishing processes.

ChapterS MILLING MACHINE

Introduction - Types - Size - Fundamentals of milling process - Work holding devices - Standard milling cutter - Cutter holding devices - milling machine attachments - operations - cutting speed, Feed, Depth of cut - indexing head - indexing methods.

Chapter 6 HYDRAULIC EQUIPMENTS

Hydraulic pumps - types - description - hydraulic motor - Hydraulic gear - Hydraulic cylinder - Hydraulic seals & packing- Basic hydraulic circuit - Hydraulic machines - Shaper - MillerGrinder.

Chapter 7 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS

Electric motors - parts of motor - Stators - Rotor - Bearings - End cover - Connection box - Types of motors - A. C. motor - D. C. motor - Starters - Types of starters.

36

Chapter 8 WELDING

Introduction - Types of welding - welding tools and accessories - welding equipments - Types of welding joints.

Chapter 9 CNC MACHINES

Introduction - Types of CNC machines - Advantages of CNC machines - Differences between conventional and CNC machines - Control systems ofONC machines - CNC machine elements - Drive systems - Speed - Feed.

Chapter 10 MACHINE TOOL MAINTENANCE

Introduction - Objectives of maintenance - Effects of poor maintenance - Wear, tear and backlash - Types of maintenance - Routine maintenance - Preventive maintenance - Breakdown maintenance - Corrective maintenance - Lubrication - Types of lubrication.

37

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE GENERAL MACHINIST

Syllabus for XII Standard Practical I (LATHE WORK)

1. FACING

-- - " .--,---.,.~ .... -~.-

¥ •••• -------.'.-.-~~,~---- •• -.~~~- ••

(

t--. -- _._. . _

2. PLAIN TURNING

3. STEP TURNING

~17

rblS

~-- ..... -I

}- ·1

4. CHAMFERING

r

5. TAPER TURNING

6 ... r

-i 2.5 ,...__.." 25 ......

6. GROOVING

..

~:i()~ 25 . -

7. COLLAR TURNING

,..-.4 .... ~._;

2.5 10·

39

8. KNURLING

9. DRILLING

10. THREAD CUTTING

/ /

/

~ r jl~~~~ill\m

---~ 3X+5°

, ..........

40

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE GENERAL MACIDNIST

Syllabus for XII Standard (Practical II) FITTING WORK

1. STRAIGHT FITTING

15

1

. i

T '---.---- -----'

--f

2.

INCLINED FITTING

1.5 . ...... - ... ~

-

-

.1

T

l \5

~----- ~ T

1 15

~ ~. r

3.

'V' FITTING

41

~.

30

r

-

4.

SQUARE FITTING

1. 15

T

!

r

5. STEP FITTING

-I 10 T

1

T

6. SEMI CIRCULAR FITTING 'iJ~~ -

-1 '4- T

r-----~---. ..

7. DRILLING

I I

1------ :35 -·--1

-ffi0

~/ U

L8 ~_

I

6:2.

8. DRILLING & TAPPING

( ;

62.

25

1 J._

DRILt..~~

~ J )) .

3ft TAP

- - -

9. . DRILLING HOLES IN A PITCH CIRCLE (SAME SIZE)

e HOLES· EGUlsPACE::O ¢ '6

I

~- - --. -.. 62.

10. DRILLING HOLES IN A PITCH CIRCLE (DIFF. SIZE)

, ,

0°0

rt\ fT\

V v",

Q .. 0'

. .1. .I

',' 0'/'

, ,

44

su. UffLID .m .... lJf') 61IDff~~ID
~mr m!fju61udM m!fjub1umr
1. b1IDfJ!lUUffLID 1 ~ID'!i! 20 180 200
2. b1IDfJ!lUUfJLID - 2 - ~1hI~6UW 20 180 200
3. b1!bfJLrilJ UffLID - .... mf'!bw - 200 200
b1 ~ n !R Jh .... ill rill' UffLIhI .... till
-
4. .... Q!)~~will I - 200 200
5. ti.Q!)~~will II - 200 200
6. 61 a- W lY)(;D f') 50 150 200
b1fDlJ~~ID 1200 45

11m !ill c!!Jilll U fJL!!>!il LLW (&Q!>!!>~lUcm 1) tOm~lUcm

1. W'ffiffi'WID uw £Bw .!)I!D<YHhW

~!DltYJ8lW - Lfilffi !!LJDu)'b~ tYJ6lJ>!D8l6lr - LfiltiM urr ~8lrruLj - Lfilffi u tiOMlwrr6TfrT 8l(5ff,8lrr6OT tYJtiM 6T 6lfrflff,6lJ>8l8l6lr - Lfilffi ~~rT 661 - Lfilffi ~~rT 6616lJ>W ~(j)lff,@jW tYJ6lJ>ID8l6Tr - @ ~@J ~ 6lJ1.

2. W'ffiffi'WID ~rnff)W'ID uwmu~w QUfJc!!JL.&m wWJIDw O"D&B.&c!!JID'n.m

LfiltiM 8lL)'b~ - Lfilffi 8lL)'b~u5ltiM 6)J6lJ>8l8l6lr - LfiltiM 8lL)'b~tillffi @j6DDTrfu8l6Tr - Lfilffi 8lL)'b~rr ff, 8lrruLj U Q u rr ® 6Tr 8l sir - ® 6DDTrfu 8l6lr - 6)J 6lJ> 8l 8l6Tr - L.6ltiM lfrrlJ If rr ~6OTrfu 8l6Tr - Bi 6lJ1L 61 ffi 6)J 6lJ> 8l 8l6Tr - tSl!HJ fiiu M:h oofI L - err ff, Q 8lL - .f 661 rill (g rrrr fiiu - 6lJ> ffi B; 8l® 6lJ18l 6lr .

u'iltiM(g6OTrrLLlD - LfiltiM6OT~)'b~W - Lfilffi ~6lJ>L - ~wtSlWrT - (g6)Jrr6UL - ®wfiiu - Lfilffi(g6OTJDtSl - ®w6iu 6lJ1~ - ffilrT~rru cll~ffi6Tr - Lfilffi BiJDIDI - tYJJDIDIQuJD!D Lfilffi BiJDIDI - ~!D,ffi~ Lfilffi BiJDIDI - ®IDIB;@j Lfilffi BiJDIDJ - Q~rrLrT u'ilffi BiJDIDJ - @6lJ>6DDT u'ilffi BiJDIDI - Q~rrLrT @6lJ>6m!f Lfilffi BiJDIDI - ~!DtiM - ~JD!D6U - 8l6m!fB;ffi@8l6lr.

4. W'ffin.fJ!h~ID'WID

8lrr,ffi ~u Q u rr ® L 8l6lr - u'iltiM ffirr,ffi ~ ill - LfiltiM(g 6OTrrLL)'b~ 60Trr 6U 8lrr,ffi ~ 6lJ16lJ> 6Tf 6lj - t5l6TT W ffilrill ffiltiM 6lJ6U~6lJ> 8l 6lJ1~ - (gLpff,6iuQ6lJ6U66Iffi ~ff,6lJ>8l ~®® cll~ - 8lwt5l6Bi®6lfl6U ffirr,ffi~uLj6Uill - tYJ6lJ>6OT rul~ - Lfilffi61TIJill ~(g1J LDJDIDIw 6T~rT ~6lJ>6u5l6U 8lwtSl8l6lfl~ Q66U@JW Qurr~~ 8lrr,ffi~ rul6lJ>6Tf6ljoOourrlJ(gLtillffi Lfilffi8lrr,ffi~ @fuoNL6U - @fdm"@ u'iltiM @wff,@jrul6lJ>6 - @Wff,8lLfil6U6UrrLD6U @fdm"LuU(j)lill u'ilffi6MIwB;® rul6lJ>6 - ~1T(g6OT ~dm"LUULL Lfilffi6MIWB;® rul6lJ>6 - (i;16Uffi6iu cll~ - 8lrr,ffi~ ~Wff,8lW - 8lrr,ffi~ ~Wff,8l 6)J6lJ>6TTWW - 8lrr,ffi~ULj6U)'b~6U ~rfuffilllJ6Tr6Tf 6ff,~.

5. W'ffi ID'rnm 6lf n.m

Lfilffi ~JD!D6U

~Iilfl ~JD!D6U (Light) Lamp - CFL.

~661 ~JDID6U (Sound) Bell - Syren

Q6)JUU ~JDID6U - u'iltiM (g~tUULj QULl¥- 6lJ>LDff,(glJrr ®6lJtiM @tiMLff,~ffi fiiuL6ll

46

~6lJ~u5lW6U U8:.~ - L1ilm @6UW khBi~6U ~ULLIfl urnT~ffi.J QB'lU~6U.

L1il 6M ffi6UW - 6lJ 6ID ffi ffi 6IT - t5l1J ~LD L1ilm ffi6U W - ~ ULD L1ilm ffi6UW - ~ 6lJ WI U If(j)l ffi m - ~1J6lJ L1il 6M ffi 6U W - ~ULDL.61mffi6UW - LDWlBiY!!Dffl (Yl6ll>fDu5l6U UW6MuQ)lW L1ilmffi6Urfuffi6IT - 6lJIfL8=QU6U - QU6UG:UIf6M G:ULLIfl - UPS G:ULLIfl - 6TLDITQ~m ffI G:6UWU.

7. ffiI m .m iJJJ 6» (illCh &~ill' &m

,g)jWLli'LLIT - ~6lJIf6UL Lli'LLIT - ~w Lli'LLIT - 6lJIfL Lli'LLIT - LD6UL,¥- Lli'LLIT - Llfrfu QUTuLIT - (~'lL8;~ffilf Lli'LLIT - QLD8:.ffiIT - fflrfuffilm oOo~u6iu 6T6lITIT~ Lli'LLIT - @6MWI oOo~u6iu 6T6lITIT~ t..OLLIT.

8. ffilmlDlJwIB

,g)j!Dl (Yl ffi W - ,g)j 6ID LD U Lf - Q U UJ 6U U Q)l W 6lS1 ~ W - 6lJ 6ID ffi ffi m - U W 6M U 1fQ)l - L1il 6M LD 1f!D!Dl u5l 6M U If ~ ffilfU Lf Uif ~6lITffi.J ffi6IT - L1ilmLDIfID!Dl 6T 6linrQ 6lIl1fIU.

9. D.C. ()1mm(gJJLLri

,g)j '¥-u U 6lI> L ~ ~~6lJ W - ,g)j6IDLDU Lf - U If ffi ffi.J ffi6IT - Q CfUJ6UU Q)l W 6lS1 ~w - 6lJ 6ID ffi ffi 6IT - lfrfl6iu Q~6lIT~IJLLIT - ~6linrL Q~6lITG:IJLLIT - ffiIfWQU6TT6iorL Q~6lITG:IJLLIT.

10. D.C. (gIDIJLLfJri

11. A.C. (gIDIJLLlJri

,g)j6IDbOULf - QUW6UuQ)lW 6lS1~w - Ulfffiffi.Jffi6IT - 6lJ6IDffiffim - fflrfuffil6IT oOo~ufiiu Q~6lIT~IJLLlT - ~rfl oOo~ufiiu Q~6lITG:IJLLIT.

12. A.C. (gIDIJLLlJri

fflrfuffilm oOo~u6iu ~LDIfLLIfIT - ~6lI>LDULf - Quw6Uu(j)lW 6lSl~w - uw6Mffim. 6lJ 6ID ffi ffi 6Tf :

1) fiiut5l6l51L oOoG:u6iu ~LDIfLLIfIT ffi6IT.

2) ffiUUIf fflLLIT 6lJ6IDffi ~LDIfLLIfIT ffi6IT.

3) rfluu6Uu6M 6lJ6IDffi ~LDIfLLIfITffi6IT.

4} ~~LL G:UIf6U G:LDIfLLIfITffim.

5) llJ6irft6lJITU6U G:LDIfLLIfITffim.

6) ,ffiIT@Wffil 6lJ6IDffi ~LDIfLLIfITm.

47

tYlmIDl oOo(gU6Tu @mui'6l7>m (gLOlfLLlfrr - 6lJ6lI)ffiffi6Tr - ~6l[)loUl.j - UlfffiITuffi6Tr - 6Tu(gu.:.Llfrr - (gITIfLLlfrr - Q6W6UU®W ruJ~W.

1. oo~Ji'ro a&m @1mLa-.~m aWfJl':_LfJli

a) ~ITuffil6Tr 6Tu@lrfJ6U (gffim (gITIfLLlfrr (gLOlfLLlfrr.

b) Ll.j6Tr 6Tu@lrfJ6U (gffim (gITIfLLlfrr (gLOlfLLlfrr.

13. aWfJLLfJfi !hlfilla-.~&m

A.C. aWfJLLfJfi !bJfilla-.~&m : DOL 6TuLlfrrLLrr - 6TuLlfrr / QL6ULLIf 6TuLlfrrLLlT, ~L(gLIf I¥-lTlfm6TuUlfrrLOrr 6TuLlfrrLLrr - ~61S1urfJlliJ (gLOlfLLlfrr 6TuLIfITLLlT (QIT ~6TuLm6Tu 6l[)LU).

14. to'm 6lSJ@IDID'wro

@l6ll)!D8;ffiL~~8)6Tr - 6f6U8; LlTlfm 8)6Tr LO!DIDlw Lfilm ~6lI)6Jf 8)6Tr - !!L6Tr6TTlfrr.ffi~ @l6l[)!D8;8)L~~ - l.j!DruJw6Ulfm ®6l[)!D8;8)L~~ - @l6l[)!D8;8)L~~u51m LOIf(§LL6U - N-6lJ6lI)ffi @l6ll)!D8;8)L~~ - P- 6lJ6lI)ffi @l6ll)!D8;8)L~~ - PN 6.ffi~6l[)L(gWIf® - ~6lI)1T ~6l[)6U ~®~~ - (Yl@ ~6l[)6U ~®~~ - cfLOm8i!DIDl ~6l[)6U~~®~~ - Q6mrT6l[)L(gwlf® - ~6Tfl !!LLfilW 6lI)L(gWIf® (LED) - 6.ffi~ I¥-lTlfm~6TuLrr - PNP, NPN 1¥-1T1f6irr~6TuLrr - SCR.

48

11m (j}J~uq UfJL!f,!i)LLm

(ffiQ!)!f,!i)turo 2) @W.rb!i).rr ()1UfJJ6'u.J'w~m, (illmJJULc!Pm

1. (Jurr!B oJ' ruro (J urr <!!JLffiliJi' oM @J6m"lhJffiID ~tDI(!JlffiUJ - QUIT@iLffi6Tflm @j6OOTrfuffi6Tr.

2. ~<!!JID4 &()U!b~ ~(g()Urr&ID

@@iUJLj - @@iUJt5lm 6lJ 6lI) ffiffi6Tr - ffi 6nfl ull@iUJLj - 6lJ ITITU t5l ®UJ Lj 6lJ6lI) ffiffi6Tr - <:: ~6nfl @iUJLj 6lJ6lI) ffi ffi 6Tr

o • • ••

- 6Too@j U6OOTLjffi6Tf - UW6lITffi6Tf.

3. ~<!!JID D'ro()Urr ~ (g()Urr ffiID

~1TL.6lIJUJ - ~@JL.6l6Dflw UJ, FFWUJ, Q 6lJ 6linr ffi 6UUJ, t5l ~~6lI> 6Tf - L rfu 6fo L m - U 6ffirrLj 8l6Tr - U W m ffi6Tr.

4. ~(g()Urr&lOro()Urr D'J!) (Jurr®L&ID

t5l6Tf1T6fo '¥- 8; 6lJ 6lI> ffiffi6Tr - U 6ffirrLj ffi 6Tr - U wm ffi6Tr - IJU U IT - ffi 6linr 6lfOT1T,¥- - U 6linrLj ffi 6Tr - U W m ffi 6Tr.

5. ID'ffilf (Force)

illl6ll)8'ullm 6lJ6lI>ffiffi6Tr - ~ffi6lj (Strees), ~rflLj (Strain) - ~ffiilllm 6lJ6lI)ffiffi6Tr.

6. IDL&'oJ'ruro (Elasticity)

wLlfl - ulLlfl 6T6U6lI)6U (Elastic Limit) - ~"ffi illl~ (Hook's Law) - wrfu @j6OOTffiUJ (Young's Modulus) - J16Tr illl6ll)8'6lI)w ~W6l.J Q8'lU~6iJ - ~ffi6lj - ~rflLj !!L!D6ljUULUJ.

7. illffi6JJ &@JID ID'ffitlffllID, illffi6JJflI ID .9IID6lfID

6lJ6lI>6Tf8;@jUJ illl6m8' (Bending force and Deflection) - 6lJ6lI>6TfJ1~ ~6TT6lj - }f;l61ll6ULD ~@iULj~ ~!D@lJUJ BiYlID61 ~1Jt!:PUJ - L.6l6fu- ffiUJUll. (Electric Poles) ~6iJ6U~ @f6"O"Oft6fu- ~lTrfu@jUJ 8'ffi~ - L1il m ffi UJ U rfu ffi fiTflm 6lJ 6lI) 6,,~jj 6Tr, @j6OOTrfuffi6Tr - @@6lI)6lJffiffiUJt5l - (!JlL ® ffi8)UJ uUJ - @@6lI)6lJffi 8)UJ t5l LDIDW UJ (!Jl L ®ffi ffi UJ uth,

8. tr.®ID ill'ro (Spring) tr.®m ill'ro ill6DffiffiID

~®ffi@j 6llI6iJ 8'LLUJ (Laminated Spring) - !!L@i6ll>6Tf 6lJ,¥-6lJ Bi@i6Tr cil6iJ (Helical Spring) - ~L6lI)L 6lJ,¥-6lJ Bi@i6Tr illl6iJ (Flat Spiral Spring)

~rrlhJ~&m (Bearings) : 6lJ6lI>ffiffi6Tr - ~lTrfuffilffi6ll>6Tf QUIT®~~UJ LDIDWUJ ffiYlIDWUJ t!:P6lI)!D - UWmffi6Tr - !!LWilllL6iJ - !!LW6llIL6iJ 6lJ6lI)8)8)6Tr (Lubrication Methods).

49

9. tk.!eWID if&!fjmw .... L~~~ID (Transmission of Power) :

~!Dl(YlffitD - BiY!~tD B'8;@6lIlUJ ffiL~~tD (YI6lJ)!Dffi6Tr - - ~61Ift BiY!!DcfI - uffilIT~ BiY!!DcfI.

10. tGWtkJhsBID ID'ffi a.L~iC .... mliJJ @me>m&®ID <9'mJ!)

~ ffit5l6Tr ffi 6Tr @6lJ)6l!lITULj (YI6lIlJ!lffi6Tr - FFW u!D!D 6lJ) su U Lj (YI6lJ)!D - t5l ~ IJ ffl rfu (YI6lJ)!D.

Q UIJ ~ oJ' w rill (ill()1j) fJULID

1. tillm_iJULID, rum_iJuL~iCw <9'&~W~!hltillID

ru6lllIJULtD 6lJ6lJ)IJW uwrn-uQj)tD ffi(!!j 6lllffi6Tr LD!DWtD uUJrn- ffi6Tr - ffi(!!j6lllu51rn-!Dl 6T @~~6U, ~ ffilT® - ~ffilT® ffi orflrn- 6lJ 6lJ) ffi ffi 6Tr.

2. tilll4ID'fUID rum_iJULID (Geometrical Drawing) :

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2) 4 oOoUlTtlll6im-L 6NLITITLLIT

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50

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51

ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND APPLIANCES XIth Standard

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

S.No Subjects Internal External Total
1. Language 20 180 200
2. English 20 180 200
3. Related Subject Mathematics - 200 200
Vocational Subjects
4. Theory I - 200 200
5. Theory II - 200 200
6. Practial 50 150 200
Total 1200 52

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND APPLIANCES

Syllabus for XI Standard

Theory I (ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING)

1. INTRODUCTION OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Introduction - methods of power generation - electrical safety - safety precautions of electrician - electric shock - preventive method of electric shock - first aid.

2. MATERIALS AND TOOLS USED IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Electric conductor - types of electric conductor - properties of electric conductor - electrical insulating materials - properties - types of insulating materials - electrical accessories - types of switches - fuse unit - socket - ceiling rose - hand tools.

3. ELECTRICAL TERMS

Current - voltage - resistance - ampere - volt - ohms - ohm's law - capacitance - krichoff's law - electrical circuit - closed electric circuit - open electric circuit - electric short circuit - series circuit - parallel circuit - series parallel circuit - power - energy calculation.

4. ELECTRO MAGNETISM

Magnetic materials - Electro magnet - magnetic effect due to current - flemming's right hand rule -max-well's cork screw rule-magnetic field in the coil-end rule-magnetic reaction when the current passing in a . conductor in same direction and opposite direction - Faraday's electro magnetic induction -induced electro motiveforce~ statically induced e.m.f-:- self induced e.m.flanz's law - hysterisis hysterisis loop - energy stored in a magnetic filed.

5. ELECTRICAL EFFECT

Electrical energy Electrical energy Electrical energy Electrical Energy

Light energy (lamp - CFL)

Sound energy (Bell - Syren) Magnetic energy (Electromagnet)

Heat Energy (Iron box - Micro oven - Induction Stove.

Chemical energy (Electroplating - Battery charging)

Mechanical energy (Electric Motor)

electrical energy

electrical energy

53

6. BATTERIES

Battery - types - primary cells - secondary cells - difference between primary cells and secondary cells - acid batteries - recharge batteries - watch cell - cell phone batteries - UPS batteries - Emergency lamp.

7. ELECTRICAL MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

Ammeter - Voltmeter - ohm meter - watt meter - multi meter - Tong tester - Tecometer - megger - single phase energy meter - Three phase energy meter.

8. TRANSFORMER

Introduction - construction - operation - types - uses - protective devices of transformer - transformer oil.

9. DC GENERATOR

Basic Principle - construction - parts of generator - method of functioning - types of generator - series generator - shunt generator - compound generator.

10. DC MOTOR

Basic Principle - construction - parts of DC motor - method of functioning - types of DC motor - series motor - Shunt motor - compound Motor.

U. AC GENERATOR (ALTERNATOR)

Construction - operation - parts of ac generator - types of AC generator - single phase AC generator - three phase AC generator.

12. ACMOTORS

Single phase motor - construction - operation - uses.

TYPES OF SINGLE PHASE MOTOR

(i) Split phase motors

(ii) Capacitor type motors

(iii) Repulsion type motors

(iv) Shaded pole motors

(v) Universal motors

(vi) Submorsible type motors

54

Three phase induction motor - types - construction - operation - parts of three phase motors - stator - Rotor.

SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTOR

(a) Single squirrel cage induction motor. (b) Double squirrel cage induction motor

13. MOTOR STARTERS

AC motor starters :- DOL starter - star / delta starter - Auto transformer starter- slipring motor starter (resistance type starter).

DC MOTOR STARTERS :-

Three point starter - four point starter.

14. ELECTRONICS

Semi conductors - electrons and holes - intrinsic semi conductor - extrinsic semi conductor - dopping of semi conductor - N. type semi conductor - P. type semi conductor - PN Junction diode - half wave rectifier - full wave recti fire - bridgerectifire - Zener diode -light emitting diode - Junction transistor - PNP, NPN transistors - SCR.

55

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND APPLIANCES

Syllabus for XI Standard

Theory II (ENGINEERING MACHANICS AND DRAWING)

1. PROPERTIES OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Introduction - properties of materials.

2. FRRROUS METAL

Iron - Types of iron - pig iron - cast iron - types - wrought iron - properties - uses.

3. NON FERROUS METAL

Copper - Aluminium - Tin - Bronze - Brass - Tungsten - properties - uses.

4. NON METAL MATERIALS

Types of plastics - properties - uses - rubber - glass - properties - uses.

5. FORCE

Types of forces - stress - strain - types of stress.

6. ELASTICITY

Elastic limit - Hook's law - young's modulus - testing of tension - stress and strain relationship. .

7. BENDING FORCE AND DEFLECTION

Bending force - Deflection - Moment of inertia and radius of gyration - strength of electric poles or pillars - Types of electric poles - properties - stay wire - support pole - stay wire and support pole.

8. SPRING

Types of spring - Laminated spring - Helical spring - Flat spiral spring.

56

BEARINGS

Types of bearings - fitting of bearing and removing of bearing - uses - lubrication - lubrication types.

9. TRANSMISSION OF POWER

Introduction - methods of transmission of power - individual drive - Group drive.

10. METHODS OF CABLE JOINTS IN ELECTRIC CIRCUIT

Cable joints - methods of cable joints - method of soldering - method of bracing.

ENGINEERING DRAWING

1. DRAWING AND IMPORTANT OF DRAWING

Instruments used to draw the drawing and uses - free hand sketch - Line - Types of

lines.

2. GEOMETRICAL DRAWING

Line - Line segment - division of a line segment in to the equal parts - Drawing of angle without protector - Triangle - Rectangle - Pentagon - hexagon - Heptagon - Octagon - drawing a square inscribed in a circle - drawing a circle inscribed in a square - parabola - hyperbola.

3. Orthographic Projection

Plan - Elevation - side view - Isometric view.

4. AC AND DC MOTOR STARTERS

AC MOTORS STARTER

1) D.O.L. Starter,

2) Star / Delta starter

3) Auto Transformer starter

4) Slip ring (or) Rotor resistance starter.

DC MOTOR STARTER

1) Three Point starter

2) Four point Starter

5. ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS

57

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND APPLIANCES

Syllabus for XI Standard PRACTICAL

1. Study of types of wiring.

2. Study of hand tools for wiring.

3. Study of wiring accessories.

4. Control one lamp by one switch and give the power supply.

5. Control two lamp by one switch in series and give the power supply.

6. Control two lamp by one switch in parallel and give the power supply.

7. Control one lamp by two way switch (Stair case) and give the power supply.

8. Control one five pin socket by one switch and give the power supply.

9. Control one ceiling rose by one switch and give the power supply.

10. Glowa lamp by dim and bright method.

11. Prepare a simple test lamp board.

12. Study of wiring to connect from the house wiring to electric supply pole and earth leakage

circuit breaker (ELCB).

13. Verification of ohm's law.

14. Testing by using of multi meter.

15. Measurement of electrical energy by using single phase energy meter.

16. Verification of kirchoff's law.

17. Measurement of resistance by using Ammeter and Voltmeter.

18. Measurement of single phase power by using one watt meter.

19. Fluorescent lamp wiring.

20. Godown wiring. .

58

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bJfill.riJ£6'L/b iMJWmIDWfJ&~ : 6lJ6"O>ffiffi6Tr - ~6"O>LDULj - Quw6Uu(b)w 6lll~w LD!DWW u@@' @6lJrT!1~.

~oW !!JJmfill&®ID [@W,!btf;JJID : ffi6llffiffil 6lJ6"O>ffi (Agitator Type) - ~®6lJ)6Tf 6lJ6"O>ffi (Cylinder Type) 6lJ6"O>ffiffi6Tr - ~6lJ)LDULj - QB'W6UU(b)w 6lSl~w LD!D.!l)JW U@@ffi6Tr, @6lJrr~~.

61

12. u9 rn- ~ if J6 u9 rn- if milo ~(jl) Ii ff>~ ill If rn-

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13. .fbi @]mJDB.~ID @]wfbdlSJJD (Domestic Water Pump) :

Q66ifrLrflt5l!!hffi6U uihu - QmL UtDLj - LD6U,¥- 6iu~qj] UtDLj - .,g)j6lDLDULj Q6lU6UU(j)ltD 6lSl~UJ - u@~ LD!iJ!!lI th @6lJ IT ~~ Q 6WllJUJ (!}l6lD /D.

14. " iblf!§ JiJ . 8aLff>m ib !R JDJ !ilJihro ID JiJ JDJ ID U JJIf 1Drf' ff>ihro

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15. UJJIfIDrf'uq

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62

12m ill~UlJ UIJL~!BLLID ~(fw@rnJY I

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2. 230V, 750W 1lJ6Ml6lJrT8'CiU (gLDrrLLrr®ffi@j 2 ~®6lJ~~IDffirr6llT u6iJ® 6lI)6lJonlrr'¥-rftJ lj~~rrffi ~wrrrT Q8'W~, a.fuu @L~@CiU L.6l1iirr ffirrLJl51L® Qurr®~~ QP6lI)6llT @6lD6lIl[fUlj Qffirr®~~ 8'Iftwrrffi Q8'wCiUu®ffilJD~rr 6T6lIT ~w6lj Q8'Wffi.

3. AC, 1 $, 230V, 24 U6IT6TfrftJffi6Tr, 4 ~®6lJITuffi6IT !!L6lI)LW ffiuurrtFlLLrT 6iuLrrrTL @fiirruj;~1iirr IT Iiirr ~ LD m', L rr ® ffi ® ~ ~ 6lI) 6lJ W rr 6llT IT fiirr 6Ml ITu ffi rr uSlCiU ffi 6lI) 6Tf ffi rr fiirr 8' fiirr rfl ffi 6lI) 6lJ onlrr '¥- ITu (YI6lD JD uSlCiU lj~~rrffi ~wrrrT Q8'W~ 6iu(gLLLrrrT U6IT6TfITuffi6TftCiU u~~~ QP6lI)6lIT @6lI)6lIl[fUlj Qffirr®~~ 6TrT~ ~W6lj, L.6l1iirr Q~rrLrT 8=tFl ~w6lj ~ffilw6lJ!D6lI)JD Q8'Wffi.

4. AC, 1$, 230V, 24 U6IT6TfrftJffi6Tr, 4 ~®6lJITuffi6IT !!L6lI)LW ffiuurrtFlLLrT 6iuLrrrTL @fiirrLffi~1iirr IT Iiirr ~ LD m', L rr ® ffi ® ~ ~ 6lI) 6lJ W rr 6llT 6iu L rrrT,¥- ITu ffi nuilso ffi 6lI) 6Tf es rr fiirr 8' fiirrrfl ffi 6lI) 6lJ onlrr '¥- ITu (YI6lD JD uSlCiU lj~~rrffi ~wrrrT Q8'W~ 6iu(gLLLrrrT U6IT6TfITuffi6TftCiU u~~~ QP6lD6lIT @6lI)6lIl[fUlj Qffirr®~~ 6TrT~ ~W6lj, L.6l1iirr Q~rrLrT8=tFl ~W6lj ~ffilw6lJ!D6lI)JD Q8'Wffi.

5. AC, 1 $, 230V, 36 U6IT6TfrftJffi6IT, 4 ~®6lJITuffi6IT !!L6lI)LW ffiuurrcfh':"LrT 6iuLlT.rTL @fiirruj;~1iirr IT Iiirr (g LD m', L rr ® ffi ® ~ ~ 6lI) 6lJ W rr 6llT IT Iiirr 6Ml ITu ffi rruSlCiU ffi 6lI) 6Tf ffi rr fiirr 8' fiirrrfl ffi 6lI) 6lJ onlrri¥- ITu (YI6lD tri uSlCiU

. . .

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7. AC, 1 $, 230V ~Cf6l5lWonlrrL (gurrCiU 6lJ6lI)ffi ~~LL ~urrCiU (gLDrrLLrrrflfiirr QLDu5l1iirr 6lI)6lJ6liDr,¥-ITu6ll)ffi IT 6lI) 6lJ onlrr,¥-rftJ Q Cf w~ ~w 6lj Q 8'W ffi.

63

9. AC, 3~, 400/440V, 24 u6IT6TTrfuffi6IT 4 ~®6lJrfuffi6IT Qffirr6lforL 6iu®rfl6i> ~ffi~ @6irruj;~6irr ~LDrrL_Lrrlfl6irr 6iu~LLLrr®ffi® LWL06lforL 6lJ,¥-6lJ FfIT(ij)8;® 6lI)6lJ6lfor,¥-rfu QuiUw @® oOo~u6iuffi® ~ ~ sm 6lJ W rr DOT ffi rru5l6i> ffi 6lll 6TT LD L (ij) th Bi!DW ffi.

10. AC, 3~, 400/440V, 24 u6IT6TTrfuffi6IT 4 ~®6lJrfuffi6IT Qffirr6lforL 6iu®rfl6i> ~ffi~ @6irrLffi~6irr ~LDrrLLrrrfl6irr 6iu~LLLrr®ffi® 6T!DffiDOT~6lJ Bi!D!DUULL LWL06lforL 6lJ,¥-6lJ ~® oOo~U6iu8;® a.fhu ffi rru5l6i> ffi 6lI) 6TT Ff 1T(ij) ffi ® (!JI6lll!D u5l6i>, U 6IT 6TT rfu ffi orfl6i> U ~ ~ ~ (YI6lI) sm @6lll 6l!lITU LJ Q ffi rr (ij) ~ ~ @6U @6lll6l!llTU LJ ~!U6lj, L1il6irr Q~rrL If 8=ffl ~!U 6lj ~ffil W6lJ!D 6lI)!D Q u!u ffi.

11. AC, 3~, 400/440V, 36 u6IT6TTrfuffi6IT 4 ~®6lJrfuffi6IT Qffirr6lforL 6iu®rfl6i> ~ffi~ @6irrLffi~6irr ~LDrrLLrrrfl6irr 6iu~LLLrr®ffi® ~1T(ij)8;® (YI6lll!Du5l6i> LWL06lforL 6lJ,¥-6lJ~~6i> @® oOo~u6iuffi® ~ ~ 6lll 6lJ W rr DOT ffi rru5l6i> ffi 6lll 6TT LD L (ij) tlJ Bi!DW ffi.

12. AC, 3~, 400/440V, 36 u6IT6TTrfuffi6IT 4 ~®6lJrfuffi6IT Qffirr6lforL 6iu®rfl6i> ~ffi~ @6irrLffi~6irr ~LDITLLrrrfl6irr 6iu~LLLrr®ffi® 6T!DffiDOT~6lJ Bi!D!DUULL @® oOo~u6iuffi® !lLrflw LWL06lforL 6lJ,¥-6lJ ffi rrIDl6i> ffi 6lI) 6TT ~ IT (ij) ffi ® (!JI6lll!D u5l6i>, U 6IT 6TT rfu ffi orfl6i> U ~ ~ ~ (YI6lI) liM @6lll6l!llTULJ Q ffi rr (ij) ~ ~ @6U @6lll6l!llTU LJ ~!U6lj, L1il6irr Q~ m, If 8= ffl ~!U 6lj ~ffil W 6lJ!D 6lI)!D Q u!u ffi.

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15. QffirrQ;lffiffiuuLL AC, 3~, 400V 1440V 6iu®rfl6i> ~ffi~ 6lJ6lI)ffi @6irrLffi~6irr ~LDrrLLrr6ll)1T !lLrflw ffi ® 6lSl Q ffi rr 6lfor (ij) t5l rfl ~ ~ 6lI) 6lJ 6lfor '¥- rfu 6lI) ffi L1il6irr ffi rr U LJ ~!U 6lSl6lll liM Q LD ffi If (Yl6l) ih Q U!U ffi. ~ U rfl rfu ® ffi 6lI) 6TT ~!U 6lj Q U!U~ ~ ITLO rr DOT ffil If 6iu ~ 6TT ~ sun (ij) @ (ij) ffi. ~ LD m', L rr 6lI) IT L1i' 6lfor (ij) th !::h L t¥ffi rr!DIDI @6lI) L Q 6lJ sif 6lll W 000 U 61) If ~ ffi ~ Q ffi IT bOM (ij) ~ 6TT 6>5l (ij) ffi.

64

12m ill®ill.j U(JL~!flLLID ~ If JiJ <!pm fJJ II

1. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUUL.L U@~6lI)LJE~ JilJrr<iB1 u5lm (g,ifiwuq QUI:'Ijl~1U (Steam Iron Box) t5lrfl~~ <::B'rr~~~, B'rflQB'liJ~, Ui6nirr(jj'ltiJ Qurr®~:f;l @Wffilffi 6lD6lJ~~6U.

2. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ ,ifirrl'lrillUflildl u5lm (g,ifiwuq GlUr:.Ijl~1U (Automatic Iron Box) t5lrfl~~ <::B'rr~~~, B'rflQB'lU~, tDrnrr(jj'ltlJ Qurr®~~ @lUffilffi 6lI)6lJ~~6U.

3. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ rnlGlir ~(i)u~u (Electric Stove) t5lrfl~~ <::B'rr~~~, B'rflQB'liJ~ Ui6lliJr(jj'ltiJ Qurr®~~ @Wrfuffi 6lD6lJ~~6U.

4. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ rnlGlir GlIiillUU~,ifir:.(i) (Hot Plate) t5lrfl~~ <::B'rr~~~, B'rflQB'liJ~ L1i'6nirr(jj'ltiJ Qurr®~:f;l @Wffilffi 6lI)6lJ~~6U.

5. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ ID1GlirlFrrIJ @lJrrr:.ljlliillrrr:.(j)1ii (Bread Toaster) t5lrfl~~ <::B'rr:f;l~~, B'rfl QB'lU~, L1i' 6lliJrQj)tlJ Q U rr ® ~~ @lUrfuffi 6lI) 6lJ ~~6U.

6. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ Glffir:.Ijl6V-m (Saucer Pan Kettle) t5lrfl~~ <::B'rr:f;l~~, B'rfl Q B'lU~ L1i'6lliJrQj)tlJ Q U rr ® ~~ @Wrfuffi 6lI) 6lJ ~~ 6U.

7. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ GlffiWIF~IJ (Geyser) !5hfl~~ <::B'rr:f;l~~, B'rflQB'lU~, Ui6lliJr(jj'ltiJ Qurr@j~~ @Wrfuffi 6lI)6lJ~~6iJ.

8. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ ffirrUl @UIT@j(g61Jr:.LliDlJ (Coffee Perculator) t5lrfl~~ <::B'rr~~~, B'rflQB'liJ~, L1i'6nirr(jj'ltiJ Qurr@j~:f;l @Wffilffi 6lD6lJ~~6U.

9.· Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ ID1ffi&rol~1U (M ixy) ~IfI~~ <::B'rr~~~, B'IfIQB'W~, Ui6Om"(jj'ltlJ Qurr@j~~ @Wrfuffi 6lI)6lJ~~6iJ.

10. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ I!J)I':~L: ffi61JffidlliDW (Egg Beater) .t5lIfl~~ <::B'rr:f;l~~, B'rflQB'W~, L1i'6lliJrQj)tlJ Qurr@j~~ @Wrfuffi 6lI)6lJ~~6iJ.

11. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ (gw~m u5lm<iB1d1,[dlliDw (Table Fan) t5lIfl~~ <::B'rr:f;l~~, mflQ6w~, L1i'6nirrQj)tlJ Qurr@j~~ @Wrfuffi 6lI)6lJ~~6iJ.

12. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ ainliDJD u5lm<iB1d1JrllIiDIU (Ceiling Fan) t5lIfl~~ <::B'rr:f;l~~, mfl Q B'W~, L1i' 6lliJrQj) tlJ Q U rr @j ~~ @lUrfuffi 6lI) 6lJ ~~ 6U.

13. QffirrQj).9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ Jili 8~JDffi@jrn 8wJi;!I1lJ,!i>~,ifi (Domestic Water Pump) t5lrfl~~ <::B'rr~~~, B'rflQB'W~, tDrnrrQj)tlJ Qurr®~~ @lUffilffi 6lI)6lJ~~6iJ.

14. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ rnlGlir d1~ffi 2.61JIi,!i>!I1liDw (Electric Hair Drier) t5lrfl~~ <::B'rr~~@, B'rflQB'W~, Ui6nirr(jj'ltlJ Qurr@j~:f;l @Wffilffi 6lD6lJ~~6U.

15. Qffirr(jj'l.9>ffiUULL U@~6lI)LJE~ GlIiillJi>JrllL ~w~wwrrffill'JliDlU (Vaccum Cleaner) t5lrfl~~ <::B'rr~~~, B'IfIQB'W~, L1i'6nirr(jj'lw Qurr®~:f;l @Wffilffi 6lD6lJ~~6U.

65

ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND APPLIANCES XIIth Standard

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

S.No Subjects Internal External Total
1. Language 20 180 200
2. English 20 180 200
3. Related Subject Mathematics - 200 200
Vocational Subjects
4. Theory - 200 200
5. Practical I 50 150 200
6. Practical II 50 150 200
Total "1200 66

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND APPLIANCES

Syllabus for XII Standard THEORY

1. WINDING INSULATING MATERIALS

Introduction - insulating materials - main properties - insulation papers - insulation materials - organic insulation materials - inorganic insulation materials - micanite - plastics - built up mica - enamel- types ofvamishes.

2. WINDING WIRE

Copper winding wire - Aluminum winding wire - Sizes of winding wire - grades of winding wire - method of coating of enamel to the copper or aluminum wire - thickness of enamel insulation - properties of enamel.

3. DETAILS OF WINDINGS

Details about the winding coil- different shape of slots - slot insulation - coil formation - revolving winding - stationary winding - Lap winding - wave work winding - whole coil winding - half coil winding - concentrated winding - distributed winding - unbalance winding - one slot winding - two slot winding - single layer winding - double layer winding - single phase winding - three - double layer winding - single phase winding - three phase winding - concentric winding - chain winding.

4. DRAWING OF DEVELOPMENT WINDING DIAGRAMS :-

AC single phase concentric winding diagrams - table fan winding diagram - ceiling fan winding diagram - AC three phase diamond coil winding diagram - AC three phase concentric coil winding diagram - DC armature lap winding diagram - DC armature wave winding diagram - simplex winding - multiplex winding.

S. REWINDING AND TESTING

AC single phase capacitor motor rewinding - table fan motor rewinding -" ceiling fan motor rewinding - single phase submersible motor rewinding - AC three phase motor stator rewinding - slipring rotor rewinding - DC armature rewinding - field coil rewinding - three phase submersible motor rewinding - AC single phase small transformer rewinding - testing after completion of rewinding - applying of varnish insulation.

6. TESTING INSTRUMENTS AND METHODS OF TESTING :-

Line taster - construction - uses - series test lamp testing methods - making the test board - bell ringer tester - construction - testing methods - appliance test board - method of testing - Power measurements.

7. ELECTRICAL COOKING APPLIANCES :-

Electric stove - types - open type electric stove - construction of hot plate - operation - removing of fault - Two range electrical cooking appliance - construction - operation - safety details - find out the fault - methods of fault removing - electric roasters - types - ordinary type 67

- automatic type - construction - operation - maintenance charts - trouble shooting procedure and repair procedure.

8. ELECTRIC IRON BOX :-

Types - ordinary electric iron box - automatic iron box - construction - operation - Differences between the two iron boxes - removing of faults - electric steam iron box - construction - operation.

9. WATER HEATERS :

Types of electric hot water kettle - ring type construction - operation - flat type construction - operation - the merits and demerits of these two types.

Construction of immersion water heater - operation - need of safety for handling - geysers - types - non pressure type - pressure type - constant volume type - variable volume type - operation - repairs - remedies. Coffee maker - construction - operation - automatic types - uses.

10. ELECTRIC MIXERS AND EGG BEATERS

Electric mixers construction - operation - safety precautions during handling - repairs - reasons ~ remedies - egg beater construction - operation - repairs and remedies.

11. VACCUM CLEANER AND WASHING MACHINE

Cylinder type - tank type - rectangular box type vaccum machines - Agirator type washing machine - cylinder type washing machine - construction - operation - repairs and remedies.

12. ELECTRIC FAN AND ELECTRIC HAIR DRIER :-

Types of electric fans - table fan - ceiling fan - exhaust electric fan - operation - repairs - remedies - electric hair drier construction - repairs and remedies.

13. DOMESTIC WATER PUMP :-

Centrifugal pump - Jet pump - Multi stage pump - construction - operation - repairsremedies.

14. ORGANIZING A REPAIR SHOP AND MAINTENANCE OF RELEVANT RECORDS

Theory of teaching - Details of doing of first installation of repair shop - Drawing of repair shop - biIIingand accounting procedures and etc.,

15. MAINTENANCE :-

Types of maintenance - measurement of air gaps - removing of bearings and fitting of bearings - maintenance of bearings - Alignment - Balancing - types of balancing - testing of insulation resistance - fittings of new carbon - brushes - types of carbon brushes and grades - General fault occurring in armature and commutator - remedies - decreasing - Insulation by varnish and resting - Transformer maintenance - reason for the oil level fall down and remedies - drying out of transformers - properties of transformer oil - purification of transformer oil - Dielectric test of transformer oil - periodical maintenance of transformer.

68

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND APPLIANCES

Syllabus for XII Standard PRACTICAL I

1. Wind the single phase 230V I 12V-O-12V, 3A shell type transformer and check the continuity and operation with out vibration. Measure the rated voltage and rated current on full load in secondary winding.

2. Wind the 230V, 750W, 2 Pole universal motor new field winding and insulate the proper area. Insert the field winding and connect the end connections and test the function.

3. Prepare the running coils by concentric method for AC, 230V, 24 Slots, 4 Poles capacitor start induction run motor. Insert the running coils in stator slots and connect the end connections. Conduct the earth test and continuity test.

4. Prepare the starting coils by concentric method for AC, 230V, 24 slots, 4 poles capacitor start induction run motor. Insert the starting coils in stator slots and connect the end connections. Conduct the earth test and continuity test.

5. Prepare the running coils by concentric method for AC, 230V, 36 slots, 4 Poles capacitor start induction run motor. Insert the running coils in stator slots and connect the end connections. Conduct the earth test and continuity test.

6. Prepare the starting coils by concentric method for AC, 230V, 36 slots, 4 Poles capacitor start induction run motor, insert the starting coils in stator slots and connect the end connections. Conduct the earth test and continuity test.

7. Rewind the main winding of AC, 230V, Salient pole type shaded pole motor and test it.

8. Rewind the ceiling fan of AC single phase, 230V.

9. Wind the one phase coils for AC three phase 400/440V, 24 slots, 4 Poles stator of squirrel cage induction motor in double layer diamond coil method. .

10. Insert the already wound one phase coils for AC, 3 phase, 400 I 440V, 24 slots, 4 Poles stator of squirrel cage induction motor in double layer method. Connect the end connections and conduct the earth, test and continuity test.

11. Wind the one phase coils for AC,.3 phase 400/440V, 36 slots, 4 Poles stator of Squirrel cage induction motor in single layer diamond coil method.

12. Insert the already wound one phase coils for AC, 3 phase 400/440V, 36 slots, 4 Poles stator of squirrel cage induction motor in single layer method. Connect the end connections and conduct the earth test and continuity test.

13. Rewind the given DC armature in simplex lap winding. Conduct the earth test, short circuit test, continuity test and commutator segment bars short circuit test.

14. Rewind the given DC armature in simplex wave winding. Conduct the earth test, short circuit test, continuity test and commutator segment bars short circuit test.

15. Dismantle the given AC, 3 phase 400/440V squirrel cage induction motor by proper tools.

Check the insulation resistance by using megger. Check the bearing and apply the quality grease in correct quantity. Assemble the motor and measure the air gap by feeler gauge.

69

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND APPLIANCES

Syllabus for XII Standard PRACTICAL II

1. Dismantle the given faulty steam iron box. Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the iron box and operate the iron box.

2. Dismantle the given faulty automatic iron box. Find out the fault and correct the fault Assemble the iron box and operate the iron box.

3. Dismantle the given faulty electric stove. Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the electric stove and operate the electric stove.

4. Dismantle the given faulty electric hot plate. Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the electric hot plate and operate the electric hot plate.

5. Dismantle the given faulty electric bread toaster. Find out the fault and correct the fault.

Assemble the electric bred toaster and operate the electric beread roaster.

6. Dismantle the given faulty saucer pan kettle. Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the saucer pan kettle and operate the saucer pan kettle.

7. Dismantle the given faulty geyser. Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the geyser and operate the geyser.

8. Dismantle the given faulty coffee perculator find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the coffee percualtor and operate the coffee percualtor.

9. Dismantle the given faulty mixy. Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the mixy and operate the mixy.

10. Dismantle the given faulty egg beater. Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the eggbeater and operate the eggbeater.

11. Dismantle the given faulty table fan, Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the table fan and operate the table fan.

12. Dismantle the given faulty ceiling fan. Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the ceiling fan and operate the ceiling fan.

13. Dismantle the given faulty domestic water pump. Find out the fault and correct the fault.

Assemble the domestic water pump and operate the domestic water pump. .

14. Dismantle the given faulty electric hair drier. Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the electric hair drier and operate the hari drier.

15. Dismantle the given faulty vaccum cleaner. Find out the fault and correct the fault. Assemble the vaccum cleaner and operate the vaccum cleaner.

70

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75

ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS XIth Standard

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

S.No Subjects Internal External Total
1. Language 20 180 200
2. English 20 180 200
3. Related Subject Mathematics - 200 200
Vocational Subjects
4. Practical I 50 150 200
5. Practical II 50 150 200
6. Theory - 200 200
Total 1200 . 76

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS

Syllabus for XI Standard

BASICS OF ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY

UNIT 1 : FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

1.1. Introduction - Electricity - Electrical Quantities - Current - Voltage - Resistance - Work - Power - Ohms Law - Electrical Load - Electrical Circuit - Series - Parallel Circuit

1.2. Resistors - Law of Resistance - Resistors Connected in Series - Parallel- Types of Resistors 1.3. Capacitors - Construction - Working - Divisions - Types - Capacitors Connected in Series - In Parallel- Working of capacitors inAC Circuits

1.4. Coils - Actions of Coils in AC and DC Circuits - Types of Coils Based on their Core Type 1.5. Transformers - Constructions - Types - Transducer - Micro Phone - Speaker

UNIT 2 : FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRONICS

2.1. Introduction - Bhore Atomic Model - Atomic Structure - Energy of Electron - Valence Electron - Free Electron - Energy Bands

2.2. Electron Emission - Active divices - Valves

2.3. Semi Conductors - Introduction - Principle - Common Semi conductors - Hole Current - Electron Current - Energy bands Definition - Intrinsic Semi conductors - Extrinsic Semi Conductors - Formation of "N" type and "P" type semi conductors - PN junction

UNIT 3 : SEMI CONDUCTORS DEVICES

3.1. Introduction - Semi .Conductor Diode - Characteristics - Half Wave Rectifier - Full wave rectifier - Bridge Rectifier - Filters circuits

3.2. Zener Diode Characteristics - Breakdown, Avalanche - Voltage Regulator (IC):- Voltage Doubler - - SMPS-UPS

UNIT 4 : TRANSISTOR, AMPLIFIERS

4.1. Introduction - Transisitors PNP, NPN Characterisitcs - Biasing - Transistor as an Amplifier - Switch - Working of CB, CC, CE Amplifiers (Based on Current Gain, Input impedence, Output impedence)

4.2. Coupling of Amplifiers - Types - RC Coupling - Transformer Coupling

4.3. Distortion in amplifiers - Noise

4.4. Power Amplifiers - Class A, B, AB, C Amplifiers - Complementary Symmetry 4.5 Feed Back Amplifiers - +ve feed back, -ve feed back

UNIT 5 : SPECIAL TYPE - SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

77

5.1 Introduction - LED - LDR - LCD - Photo Diode - Solar cell

5.2 UJT - FET - MOSFET - SCR - TRIAC - DIAC - IGBT

UNIT 6 : OSCILLATOR

6.1 Introduction - Barkauson Criteria - Classification of Oscillators - Sinusoidal - Non Sinusoidal

6.2 Sinusoidal Oscillators Types - Hartley Oscillator - Collpits Oscillator - RC Phase Shift Oscillator - Crystal Oscillator

6.3 Non Sinusoidal Oscillators - Multivibrators - Types - Introduction

UNIT 7 : MODULATION & DEMODULATION

7.1 Introduction - Radio - Television - Princples of Broadcasting & Reception - Types of Modulation - Amplitude Modulation - Frequency Modulation - Phase Modulation

7.2 Demodulation - Need of Demodulation

UNIT 8 : DIGITAL ELECTRONICS

8.1 Introduction - Analog Signal - Linear IC Circuits - Digital Circuits - Comparison of Analog & Digital Circuits

8.2 Number System - Introduction - Binary - Decimal - Octal- Hexadecimal

8.3 Logic Gates - Construction of Basic Gates - Boolean Algebra - Demorgan Theorem

UNIT 9 : INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

9.1 Introduction - Classification of IC's - Construction of Monolythic IC - IC packing - Circuits using IC's

UNIT 10 : ELECTRONIC MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

10.1 Introduction - Multimeters - .eRO .; Signal G~nerators - Pattern Generator - RLC Bridge

78

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS

Syllabus for XI Standard (PRACTICAL])

BASICS OF ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY

1. Constructional details of Soldering Iron - Basic Working function - Soldring techniques

2. Measuring the value of Resistors - Testing of Capacitors, Diodes, Transistors using Multimeters

3. Testing the working function of Coils and Transformers

4. Measuring the Voltage and Current when Resistors are connected in Series and Parallel

5. Study of Characteristics ofPN junction Diode

6. Study of Working function of Half Wave Rectifier

7. Study of Working function of Full Wave Rectifier

8. Study of Working of Full Wave Bridge Rectifier - with filter circuit

9. Zener Diode - Voltage Regulator

10. IC Based (+ve) Voltage Regulator using 7805

11. Construction -Working of Voltage Doubler Circuit

12. Study and Working of Photo Diode

13. Study and Working ofLDR

14. Construction of FAN Regulator using DIAC & TRIAC

15. Construction of MOTOR Regulator using SCR

79

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS

Syllabus for XI Standard (PRACTICAL II)

BASICS OF ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY

1. Testing of Transistor Terminals

2. Construction and verification of Transistor as an Amplifier & Switch

3. Construction and Study of Common Emitter NPN Amplifier Circuit

4. Construction and Study RC Coupled Amplifer

5. Construction and Study Tr Coupled Amplifer

6. Study of Distortion in Amplifiers

7. Construction and Study Power Amplifier - Complementry-Symmetry

8. Construction and Study Power Amplifier - Pushpull

9. Construction and Study of Hartley Oscillator

10. Construction and Study of Crystal Oscillator

11. Construction and Study ofUJT (2N2646) as Relaxation Oscillator

12. Construction and Study ofFET (BFWI0) Oscillator

13. Construction of NOT Gate using Common Emitter Amplifier Circuit

14. Construction of OR & AND gate using Diodes

15. Verification of Truth Table of Basic Gates (NOT, OR, AND)

80

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2.1. ~J6lQPc$tb - umr(]utDwtb - umrt5lWB;c$tb - (]LOITLtb (MODEM) 2.2. uQ)6r umr(]utDwtb !9IL...uffiJc$Qr - uQ)6r 6866r umr(]uIDwtb (PAM) - uQ)6r (],!!i1J umr(]utDwtb (PTM) - uQ)6r ~a;ru umr(]uIDwtb (PWM) - PPM 2.3. uQ)6r Lq.3§lL...LQ) umrauIDWtb - uQ)6r ac$ITL... umr(]utDwtb 2.4. !9Imr ~6I)ru ~rolulJU4 2.5. ~mrQLmIT ~J6lQPc$tb - ~roJUIJU4 ~mrQLmIT - ~mrQL6"GTIT 6l.J6I)c$c$Qr 2.6. IOJ"IDt5l ~mrQL6"GTIT - ~6I)ru.ffi61Ttb (A) - ,~mrQLmIT .ffi61Ttb c$Q"GI"B;.s® - QJ6I)a;a;Qr - lUIT.$l - Lq.~ ~mrQL6"GTIT - LNB - Q6lUtD6I)a; (]c$ITQr IOJ"IDt5l.

3.1. ~J6lQPc$tb - ~roIulJU4 ~~~QJffiJc$Qr - QJ6I)c$c$Qr - AM ~roIulJut5l - FM ~roIulJuL.5l 3.2. IOJ"tDL.5lc$Qr - ~Lq.UU6l)L ~~~QJtb - Lq..~IT.lOToooU IOJ"IDt5I 3.3. @!Iuurr Q~L...(]IJIT6I)Lm ~~~QJLb - AM, FM IOJ"IDL.5la;Qr - c$tb~6lIfl(]a;6l!f6irr IOJ"IDt5I 3.4. AM IOJ"IDt5I 6rIDW~IT ~6I)LOu4 - FM IOJ"IDt5I 6rIDW~IT ~6I)LOU4 3.5. QJITQmITrol (],!!iIT Q6uJ~Q) - u®~ ~J6l~Q) 61ft Q6uJ~Q)

4.1. ~J6lQPc$tb - Q~IT6I)Q)B;c$ITL...§l ~~UIJU4 ~~~6l.JffiJc$Qr 4.2. (]c$LOIJIT Lq.~u - QJ6I)c$a;Qr 4.3. c$-®U4 QQJQrQ)61T Q~IT6I)ruB;c$ITL...§l 6l.JITffiJ.$l ~~~QJtb - QJmrQ"Gl"~ Q~IT6I)ruB;c$ITL.§l, ~~~QJtb 4.4. 6l.JmrQ"Gl"UULB;®WITuJ LOIDWtb t5lw 6l.JmrQ"Gl" QJ6I)c$ ~Q)IJc$Qr 4.5. 6l.JmrQ"Gl" Q~IT,6I)ruB;a;ITL§l c$L...LUULtb 4.6. Q~IT6I)Q)B;c$ITL...§l Lq.~mIT ~~~QJtb 6l.JQ)c$c$Qr 4.7. RF, 68Lq.alUIT ~.lOToooU LOtDWtb 68Lq.(]lUIT QUQ9B;.$l _®6I)Q)c$Qr 4.8. ~~~lUB;a; LOtDWtb Lq.U61TB;6l!jI6irr u®:@c$Qr 4.9. U6l.JIT 6U6I)61T 6l.J6I)c$c$Qr 4.10. ~Lq.(]lUIT u®:@ 4.11. Q~IT6I)ruB;c$ITL...§l a,!!iIT Q6uJ~Q) - u®~ ~J6l~Q) - 6IftQ6uJ~Q)

~ru@) 5 : ~14(gWfJ, ID'4(gWfJ J-fJf!,mihJ&m

5.1. ~J6lQPc$tb - .$lIJITLOoOo(]UlTm - ~L.® u:@Q.j Q~ITW!Q)!9IL.utb5.2. ~roluu~GlI ,!!iITLIT - u~Q.j QP6I)wa;Qr ~~~QJtb - Q~IT~Q)!9IL...utb5.3. QL06irr~L...® (CD) - VCD, MP3, DVD, MP4, 4@9 - (]IJ - ~~~QJffiJc$Qr - Q~IT~Q)!9Itbutb5.4. u:@Q.j ~L...6I)L (Memory Card) - USB ~~~QJffiJa;Qr - Q~IT~Q)!9IL...utb5.5. IPOD - ~~~6l.Jtb LOIDWtb Q~ITW!Q)!9IL.utb5.6. (]~ITtb ~alUL.LIT - LITQ)ooot51 - Lq..Lq..IOTGfu. Q~ITW!Q)!9IL..uffiJc$Qr

82

6.1. ~t6l<!pa;t.D - ~Q)ruauil - ~~~QJffiJB;Qr - ~roIulJuLJ QPQ)J!)a;Qr - PCS - GSM - CDMATDMA 6.2. ~6iJr:oUIJIT -QIJL... - :oLJ~-&~ - GPRS, aa;LDIJIT, VGA, t5l8iQa=ro QJQ)B; 6.3. ~Q)IJ lq-!!:J,uQru8iQu - QP® lq-!!:J,uQru8iQu - ~Q)ru QJrflQ)a= GrroQ)ru - ~Q)ruauil - ~~rrQQJmr 6J"roQ)ru - alJlq-alUlT QLroIauIT6lIfl 6.4. WLL - Qa=lUtDQ)a;aa;ITQr Q~ITQ)ruauiI

7.1. ~t6l<!pa;t.D - ~QI"rulT8i - 1q-~L...Lro B;mfl6llfl <!pQ)!Da;Qr - 1q-~L...Lro a;6n1Ifl6llfl :LQ9QJITB;B;t.D7.2. Iq-~ L...L ro a; 6n1Ifl6llfl ~ Iq-u U Q) La; Qr - Iq-~ L...Lro a; 6n1Ifl6llfl ~ Q) ruQP Q)!D B; 6ir - a; 6n1Ifl6llfl Q LD ITWl a; Qr, ~Q)ru<!pQ)!Da;Qr - CPU6iJr <!p8i.$llU U@~B;Qr - :L6ir6IT® LDtDroJtb QQJroluJ'L...® :LUa;1J6UlITffiJB;6ir - B;t.DQ)U6TT1T - ~mrLrrt5lIJL...Lrr7.3. ~UUalJL...lq-ffiJ ilQuLt.D

8.1. ~t6l<!pa;t.D - ~Ulq-B; :oQ)uurr aa;t5lQr (OFC) 8.2. !9Imr~Q)ru ~Q$lUIJULJ - 6JtDLJ ~~~QJffiJa;6ir 8.3. Qa=lUtDQ)a;aB;ITQr - ~t6l<!pa; t.D - ~~~QJffiJa;6ir - Qa=lUtDQ)B;aB;lT6ir QJQ)a;a;Qr8.4. alJLlTrT (RADAR) - aa=ITQI"lTrr (SONAR)

9.1. ~t6l<!pa;t.D - t.6l6iJrQl"~ ~IJ~~ urflaa=IT~Q)m a=1T~mt.D 9.2. 6J"ruB;L...alJlT a;lTrrlq-alUlT .$l1J1T:ou (ECG) 9.3. iI.lq-. 6fuaa;6iJr LDtDroJt.D ~roL...IJITa=6l.JmrL... 9.4. t.6l6iJrQl"~ ~IJ~~ ~®~~LDIT6lIfl 9.5. 1q-~L...Lro Q~rrLDITWL...Lrr 9.6. 6J"ruB;L...alJlT Gr6iJra=:oUa6fT1T .$l1J1T:ou (EEG) 9.7. 1q-~L...Lro 6J"B;6fuaIJ9.8. ,!!)lTaQl"IT Q~ITWlro!9lt.DUt.D LDtDroJt.D ulU6iJra;6ir

10.1. ~t6l<!pa;t.D - 61J1TQQI"ITQ$I Q)a;lUlTl@!}t.D LDtDroJt.D UIJITLDrflB;@tb QPQ)!Da;6ir 10.2. Q~ITQ)ruB;B;ITL...iI Q)B;lUlTl@!}t.D LDtDroJt.D UIJITLDrflB;@t.D <!pQ)!DB;Qr 10.3. DVD - ~Q)ruau.§l-WLL - Qa=lUtDmB; aa;lT6ir Q~ITQ)ruuau.§l Q)B;lUlTl@!}t.D <!pQ)!D - UIJITLDrfl~~ro 10.4. a;6n1Ifl6llfl Q)B;lUlTl@!}t.D <!pQ)!D - UIJITLDrfl~~ro

83

~rirfiDTg B=IT ~fiDTm.Bi6ir 12m ru~illl U(JL~i1LLm ()1(fW@ffijJ) I

1. 8l8>mQ) Q~maIJLLlT, 8l.~rr.~. ':::~I!61~Q).

2. LDQ)Lq.6J>QlUaIJLLrr (lC 555) c$L...L6J>LDU4 LDtDWtb a6rr~6J>m.

3. NOR, NAND, EXOR (lC :!LL6irr) ac$L...{bIc$Wl6irr c$L...L6J>LDU4 LDWJJ:lItb a6rr~6J>m.

4. ~6J>IJ8>&l.L...Lq. (Half adder), @@8>&l.LLq. (Full adder) LDtDJJ:lItb tSlWlut.Sl6ITrru c$L...L6lJ)LDU4 LDtDWtb a6rr~6J>m.

5. Lq.~ ~mrQLmrr .®rrLDrr~~~Q) LDWJJ:lItb a6rr~6J>m.

6. ~Lq.aLUrr ~tbtSlWluLUrr (TBA 810) c$LL6J>LDU4 LDtDWtb a6rr~6J>m.

7. 6Tmrac$rrLrr & La.ac$rrLrr c$L...L6J>LDU4 LDWJJ:lItb a6rr~6J>m.

8. GJ.6Ttb. QlrrQmrr~u.Sl6irr uQ)aQlJJ:ll .®6lJ)G\)c$6J>6IT ~6J>mr~~ru LDtDWtb L.6I6irrm®~~tb ~6IT~@~Q).

9. 6ToooU.6Ttb QlrrQmrr~u.Sl6irr uQ)aQlJJ:ll .®6lJ)G\)c$6J>6IT ~6J>mr~~ru LDtDWtb L.6Imm®~~tb ~6IT~@~Q).

10. GJ.6Ttb. QlrrQmrr~ QJrrffiJ.$I u@~ c$mrLp5l~Q) LDtDWtb 6rfl Q6uJ~Q).

11. 6ToooU.6Ttb. QlrrQmrr~ QlrrffiJ.$I u@~ c$mrLp5l~Q) LDtDWtb 6rfl Q6uJ~Q).

12. 6ToooU.6Ttb. QlrrQmrr~ QlrrffiJ.$I ~Q6tbtSl6ir Q6uJ~Q) (CXA 1619 & TBA 810).

13. GJ.6Ttb. QlrrQmrr~ QJrrffiJ.$IuS)Q) QLD~)i;~ ~~8>c$rrm (Weak sound) u@~6J>m 6rfl Q6uJ~Q).

14. GJ.6Ttb. QlrrQmrr~ QJrrffiJ.$IuS)Q) ~tb ~~8>c$rrm (Hum Sound) u®~6J>m 6rfl Q6uJ~Q).

84

(gIDro~ffiro& &roill' - Q!bfJyj'JiJ&roill' Wl&ir6llTgJ lflT ~6IITm.B;6ir

12ili lill~ill.J UfJL~$LLID Qlfw~rnjJ) II

1. ~UL..LlTar QmQf~IJL..LIT, :ouffiJ6l!far QmQf~IJL..LIT (Counter :2....Lar) c:~H61~Q).

2. @tD!6lwLb Q8'lUQ) @~.!h~ Q~IT6uH)u.$a;ITL..61 6l.JITffiJ.$l6U)lU 8'rfl Q8'uJ~ro.

3. u61lfl66l@.!h~ UL@6U)LlU (Snowy picture) Q~IT6U)6O.$a;rTl.':"61 G1JITffiJ.$l6U)lU 8'rfl Q8'uJ~Q).

4. 6l.Imr6m"Lb @Q)roIT~ (No colour) Q~IT6U)6O.$a;ITL..61 6l.IITffiJ.$l6U)lU 8'rfl Q8'uJ~Q).

5 . 61 a; U 4 6l.I6UiJr 6UliI" IT tq. ~ IJ bTu ~ a; IT (1) a; 6U) QT ll..j 6U) L lU Q ~ IT 6U) 60 .$ a; IT L.. 61 6l.I IT ffiJ .$l6U) lU 8' rfl Q 8' uJ ~ ro.

6. U 66U) 8' 6l.I6UiJr 6UliI" IT tq. ~ IJ bTu ~ a; IT ® a; 6U) QT ll..j 6U) L lU Q ~ IT 6U) 60.$ a; IT L.. 61 6l.I IT ffiJ .$l6U) lU 8' rfl Q 8' uJ ~ ro.

7. ff> 60 6l.I mr 6UliI" IT tq. ~ IJ bTu ~ a; IT ® a; 6U) QTll..j 6U) L lU Q ~ IT 6U) 60.$ a; IT L..61 6l.I IT ffiJ .$l6U) lU 8' rfl Q 8' uJ ~ Q).

8. u.$a;6l.IITL..(1).$ aa;IT(1)a;6IT (Horizontal line) :2....6ITQT Q~IT6U)ro.$a;ITL..61 6l.IITffiJ.$l6U)lU 8'rfl Q8'uJ~ro.

9. ~,!!)1T,!6l6f)6O.$ aa;IT(1)a;6IT (Vertical line) :2....6ITQT Q~IT6U)6O.$a;ITL..61 6l.IITffiJ.$l6U)lU 8'rfl Q8'uJ~Q).

10. ~,!!)IT,!6l6f)6OLrt51rfl6l5lQ) (Vertical Stage) IOJtDu(1)Lb u@~a;6U)QT a;mrL!6l.!h~ 8'rfl Q8'uJ~ro

(8'rflwtDW :2....lU IJLb)

11. U@~6f)6'GT a;6UiJrLJ6l.!h~ 8'rfl Q8'uJa; - ~roluSlro6U)6O, uLLb 8'rfllUITa; :2....6ITQT~.

12. U@~6f)6'GT a;6UiJrLJ6l.!h~ 8'rflQ8'uJa; - Q6l.I6Tr6U)QT ,!6lw ITtq.~IJGiu ~a;IT®a;6IT, uLLb @Q)6U)6O.

13. U@~6f)6'GT a;6UiJrLJ6l.!h~ 8'rfl Q8'uJa; - Q8'lUQ) @~.!h~ DVD t51~QTlUlT.

14. U@~6f)6'GT a;6UiJrLJ6l.!h~ 8'rfl Q8'uJa; - DVD L5l~QTwrflQ) "a,rnIT tq.bTu@).".

15. ~6f)6O~U61 (Cell Phone) ~J6l~Q) LDtDWLb UIJITLDrfl~~Q).

16. TVIDVD rfl~LDITL... ~J6l~ro LDtDWLb UIJITLDrfl~~®.

85

ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS XIIth Standard

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

S.No Subjects Internal External Total
1. Language 20 180 200
2. English 20 180 200
3. Related Subject Mathematics - 200 200
Vocational Subjects
4. Practical I 50 150 200
5. Practical II 50 150 200
6. Theory - 200 200
Total· 1200 86

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS

Syllabus for XII Standard Theory

Unit 1 : Digital Circuits

1.1. Introduction - Multivibrators - Astable - Monostable - Bistable (IC 555) 1.2. Developed gates - NOR - NAND - EX - OR - construction - verification ofTruthtable 1.3. Half adderFull adder - Full subtractor 1.4. Flipflop - Registers 1.5. Counters - Encoder - Decoder - Multiplexer

Unit 2: Network Antenna and Propagation

2.1. Introduction - Modulation - Demodulation - MODEM 2.2. Pulse modulation techniquesPAM - PTM - PWM - PPM 2.3. Pulse Digital Modulation - Pulse Code modulation 2.4. Microwave transmission 2.5. Antenna Introduction - Transmitting antenna - types 2.6. Receiving antenna - A - Yagi - Dish antenna - LNB - Satellite receiver

Unit 3 : Radio Transmission and Reception

3.1. Introduction - Transmission principle - types - AM Transmitter - FM transmitter 3.2. Receivers - principle - TRF receiver 3.3. Superhetrodyne principle - AM, FM receivers - communication receiver 3.4. Construction of AM receiver - Construction of FM receiver 3.5. Alignment, Faults and Rectification techniques

Unit 4 : TV Transmission and Reception

4.1. Introduction - TV transmission principle 4.2. Camera tube - types 4.3. BIW TV PrincipleColour TV principle 4.4. Colour Picture tube and Display devices 4.5. Block diagram of colour TV receiver 4.6. TV tuner - types 4.7. Video stages 4.8. Sync stages and deflection unit 4.9. Power supply - types 4.1 o. Audio stage4.11. Alignment, Faults and Rectification techniques

Unit 5 : Audio and Video Equipments

5.1 Introduction - Gramaphone - Recording techniques 5.2. Magnetic tape - Tape recorderMono - Stereo - Spool type 5.3. Compact Disc - VCD, MP3, DVD, MP4, Blue Ray 5.4. Memory Card USB5.5. IPOD - Principles and techniques 5.6. Home theatre - Dolpy - DTS

Unit 6: Tranceivers

6.1 Introduction - Cell Phone - PCS - GSM, CDMA, TDMA Transmission 6.2. Infra red - Blue tooth, GPRS, Camera, VGA, Pixel type 6.3. Half Duplex - Full duplex - Channel range - Cell phone frequency - Radio Telephony 6.4. WLL - Satellite Phone

Unit 7 : Digital Computer

7.1 Introduction - Analog - Digital- Evaluation of DC 7.2. Fundamentals of DC - Generations of computer - Generations of Language ~ Major Division of CPU - IIP and OIP Devices - Compilers and Interpretor 7.3. Operating System

87

Unit 8: Telecommunication

8.1 Introduction - OFC 8.2. Microwave Transmission and Reception 8.3. Types of SatelliteApplication 804. RADAR - SONAR

Unit 9 : Medical Electronic Equipments

9.1 Introduction - Electronic blood testing equipment 9.2. ECG 9.3. CT Scan and ultrasound 904. Electronic BP apparatus 9.5. Digital thermometer 9.6. EEG 9.7. Digital X-Ray 9.8. Nano technology and its applications

Unit 10 : Handling and Maintenance of Electronic Equipments.

10.1 Introduction - Radio Handling and Maintenance methods 10.2. Television handling and maintenance methods 10.3. DVD - Cell Phone - WLL, Satellite Phone handling and maintenance methods lOA. Handling and Maintenance of Digital Computers.

88

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS

Syllabus for XII Standard PRACTICAL I

1. Study of signal Generator, CRO

2. Construction and testing of Multivibrator using IC 555.

3. Construction and testing of NOR, NAND EX OR using IC's.

4. Construction and testing of half adder, full adder and flipflops.

5. Construction and testing of Audio amplifier (TBA 810)

6. Erection and testing of dish antenna.

7. Construction and testing of Encoder and Decoder.

8. Connect and measure the voltages of various stages in AM Radio receiver.

9. Connect and measure the voltages of various stages in FM Radio receiver.

10. Troubleshoot and rectify the fault in AM Radio receiver.

11. Troubleshoot and rectify the fault in FM Radio receiver.

12. Assembling ofFM receiver (CXA 1619 & TBA 810)

13. Rectify the weak sound (low volume) in AM Radio receiver.

14. Rectify the Fault in AM receiver - HUM Sound.

15. Rectify the Fault in FM receiver - Noisy reception.

89

HIGHER SECONDARY - VOCATIONAL COURSE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS

Syllabus for XII Standard PRACTICAL II

1. Study of pattern Generator, Function Generator with counter.

2. Rectification of Dead fault in TV receiver.

3. Rectification of snowy picture in TV receiver.

4. Rectification of No colour in TV receiver.

5. Rectification of Retrace with Red colour in TV receiver

6. Rectification of Retrace with Green colour in TV receiver.

7. Rectification of Retrace with Blue colour in TV receiver.

8. Rectification of Display of Horizontal line in TV receiver.

9. Rectification of display of vertical line in TV receiver.

10. Find and Rectify the fault in vertical section (Insufficient height I vertical linearity)

11. Find and Rectify the fault - No audio but normal video.

12. Find and Rectify the fault - white retracing line only, no picture.

13. Find and Rectify the fault - Dead fault in DVD Player.

14. . Find and Rectify the fault+ NO DISC in DVD Player.

15. Study of cell phone and its maintenance.

16. Study of TV/DVD Remote and its maintenance.

17. Study ofSMPS.

90

•• •

BiLlf.LU UL6l.I6ID1J6l.I1T61T1T

, 11m (i)I~Ulf

ill • UlfLW .mlh lJJ!) 6holf~~w
lifmr m.!Gu6lumr m.!Gu6lumr
1. 6lmlf!luulfLID 1 ~tBYl 20 180 200
2. 6lmlf!luulfLID - 2 - ~rhl~roID 20 180 200
3. 6l!blfLliq UlfLW - lhmf'!bID - 200 200
6l !b If !I JiJ lh ill ill' UlfLrhllhm
4. 6lwwr!PriDfl) I 50 150 200
5. 6lwwr!PriDfl) II 50 150 200
6. lh i.."lq_L U U L ill riD JJIijI If (jJJ Ii
lh®~~UJill - 200 200
-
bhDIJ~!>ID 1200 91

•• •

BiL"_LU UL6lJ6ID1J6l.I1T6IT1T

11m ill@jin-l UfJL!h~LLID (h®~,djfllro

1 . .g)fIq.UUilDL li'PurJIBID'wro illilDJJULID (Basic Engineering Drawing)

1.1. QJ6UlIJULB; di®6\Sldi~tb ~~6i!r ulUmdi~tb (Drawing Instruments and their uses) QJ6UlIJULtb _ QJ6UlIJUL diQ96l5ldiQr _ QJ6UlIJUL UQ)Q)di _ Tee LDL...Ltb _ QPB;adi~rnr LDL...LJ5JdiQr _ adirrrnrLDrr61ITl _ §}W QJQ)IJGlju Qurr!Dl _ .$lffi]amIT.$llJrru _ tSlQIJ<@)Bi 6lJQ)6TTGlj _ ~OOGlj adirrrodiQr _ diQJIJITlUtb _ tSlrfluurr6i!r _ 6lJ6UlIJULU Qu6i!r61ro _ ~Wluurr6i!r _ ~rrQr QurrQ9~~8= a=rr~6lITrBJdiQr _ 6lJ6UlIJUL~~rrQr

1.2. adirr@diQr GiT@~~B;diQr LD!i>J!Jltb urflLDrrrnruSl(b)~ro (Lines, Lettering & Dimensioning) adirr(b)diQr - adirr(b)diffi]6i!r 6lJ6UldidiQr _ GiT@~~B;diQrurflLDrrrnruSl@~ro _ Qa=rBJ®~~rrdi GiT@~tb (!P6UlfD _ a=rruJQJrrdi GiT@~tb (!P6UlfD _ urflLDrr~uSl@~ro _ QJ6UlIJUL~~ro ~OOGl.jdi6Ul6TT ®!DlB;®tb Qurr®~ di6UlLUtSllq-B;di a6lJmrlq-lU QdirrQrQ)didiQr _ urflLDrrrnruSl@tb QP6UlfDdiQr

2. JhL(JjwrJmu li'PurJc[!JLJhm (Building Materials)

2.1. di®rBJdiro (Stone) ~!Dl(!pditb _ di®rBJdi!i>dirolm L5hflGljdiQr _ di!i>diffi]6i!r ulUmdiQr _ ,!DroQ) di®rBJdi!i>di~B;® ~®.$di a6lJmrlq-lU ~6i!r6UlLDdiQr _ di!iJdiffi]6i!r QJ6Uldidi~tb ~6lJ!i>!Dlm umrLjtb ulUmdi~tb - Qa=IU!i>6Uldi di!i>diQr. - Qa=IU!i>6Uldi di!i>diffi]6i!r 6lJ6UldidiQr, ~6lJ!i>!!5l6i!r ulUmdiQr

2.2. Qa=rBJdi!i>diQr (Bricks) ~!DlQPditb _ QJ6UlIJIU6UlfD _ Qa=rBJdirorolm ~6TTGlj & GiT6UlL e!j>Q)tb Qurr®L...diQr _ diffi]LDmr6Ulrnr ~lUrrrr Qa=uJ~ro _ QJIq-6lJQ)LD~~ro _ :2....GI)rr~ro Bi@~ro _ Qa=rBJdi!i>dirol6i!r 6lJ6UldidiQr _ ,!DroQ) Qa=rBJdi!i>dirol6i!r ~6i!rQ)LDdiQr _ Qa=rBJdi!i>di~6i!r QJ6Uldidi~tb ~~6i!r uUJmdi~tb

3.1. <l'li'PwmrL (Cement)

~!Dl(!pditb _ 6lQLDmrlq-m QJ6UldidiQr _ ~UJ!i>6Uldi §}QLDmrL. _ Qa=UJ!i>6Uldi §}QLDmrL... _ Qa=UJ!i>6Uldi §}QLDmrlq-6i!r.6lJQ)didiQr _ §}QLDmrlq-ro Qa=uJUJuu(b)tb diQT8=aa=rr~6Ul6llT 3.2. diQ)Q)6lJdiQr (Mortars) ~!Dl(!pditb _ ,!DroQ) diGl)6UlQJuSl6i!r ~6i!rQ)LDdiQr _ QJ6UldidiQr _ 6lQLDmrL... diQ)Q)6lJ Qa=uJ14tb (!P6UlfD _ UUJmdiQr _ diQ)Q)6i.Jdi6UlOO UIU6i!ru@~~tb aurr~ di6lJ6DflB;di a6lJmrIq-UJQ)6lJ _ a=B;~6UlUJ aa=rr~~~ ~!Dl~ro

3.2. di!i>dirr6Ul1J (~) dirrmBlrrL... (Concrete) ~!Dl(!pditb - dirr6i!r.$lrrL.lq-wQr6TT QurrQ9L...diQr _ :2....urfl LDrnrro _ ~roroJdiQ)OO ~lJtb tSlrfl~~ro - ,mrr §}QLDmrL... 6l5l.$l~tb _ a=rflGlj aa=rr~Q)m _ dirrm.$lrrL... ~UJrrrfl~~ro .: Q)di e!j>GI)tb diGl)B;®~ro _ ~UJ,!i>~IJ~~6i!r L~6\SlUJrrG\> diGl)B;®~ro _ dirrm.$lrrL..6UlL ~mw aa=rr~~ ~J!JlB;.$l diL...lq..UJrrB;®~ro _ dirrm.$lrrL... FFIJUU~UU(b)~~G\> _ 6lQLOmrL... dirrm.$lrrL...lq..m ~m6UlLDdiQr- dirr6i!r.$lrrL...lq..m 6lJQ)didiQr _ dirrm.$lrrL...lq-6i!r UIU6i!rdiQr _ dirr6i!r.$lrrL.lq-6i!r uUJmu(b)~~tb au rr ~ ,@Q)m6l5lro Q di rr QrOO a 6lJ mrlq-IU Q) QJ

4.1. WJJID (Timber)

~!Dl(!pditb _ diL.@LDrr6llT u~uSlro LOIJ~~m UUJmdiQr - LDlJrBJdirolm 6lJQ)didiQr _ LDIJ~~ro COJ!i>u(b)tb ®Q)fDurr(b)diQr _ LDIJ~Q)~ u~uu(b)~~~ro _ u~uu(b)~~~roJm a,!DrrB;dirBJdiQr _ u~uu@~~tb QP-Q)fD _ Q~rrWl!i>a=rrQ)Q) LDIJUUru6UldidiQr (~G\>GI)~) LDlJuQurrQ9L...diQr

4.2. BimrrnrrrtbLj (Lime) ~!DlQPditb _ BimrrnrrrtbtSlm 6lJQ)didiQr _ diG\> BimrrnrrrtbtSl!i>®tb ,mrr Bimrrnrrrtbt5l!i>@tb ~6UlLaUJ14Qr6TT <:6lJJ!Jlurr(b)diQr _ Bimr~rrtbLj.$ diGl)Q)6lJ ~UJrrrflB;®tb (!P6UlfD

92

4.3. ~@c$Qr (Tiles)~!DlQPc$Lb - ~@c$~Qr 6lJmc$c$Qr - 6lJlq-c$ITQ) ~@c$Qr, ~mlJ ~®c$Qr lO!DguLb 8"sl.mlJ ~@c$Qr - 8"sl.mlJ ~L.lq-~ 6lJmc$c$Qr

5. &L@IDlfm 6lJUJro@ffiJ!)&.m (Building Construction)

5.1. ~Su~6lJITIJLb (Foundation) ~!DlQPc$Lb - ~,!DITB;c$Lb - ~Su~6lJITIJ~~~ 6lJmc$c$Qr - ~Wt.6lQ)Gl)IT~ ~Su~6lJITIJLb - ~WlOITar ~Su~6lJITIJLb - ~Su~QlITIJLb 6rr Qc$@6lJ~!Dc$ITar c$ITlJbONr5Jc$~Lb ~Qlrr~~ Q6uJllItb @mj!)c$Qr

5.2. c$@r5Jc$Q) c$L®lOITarLb (Stone Masonry) ~!DlQPc$tb - c$@r5Jc$Q) c$L.®LDITar~~Q) u~u@~~uu®tb §lGl) Q6IT!Dc$Qr - c$@r5Jc$Q)mGl) ~W@u@~~~Q) - c$@r5Jc$Q) c$L.® ~6lJmGl)uSl~ 6lJmc$c$Qr - c$@r5Jc$Q) c$L.@ ~QlmGl)uSlQ) uLU~u@Lb c$@Q51c$~tb ~~~ ULU~c$~tb

5.3. Q6r5Jc$Q) c$L®LDITarLb (Brick Masonry) ~!DlQPc$tb - Q6r5Jc$Q) c$L.®LDITar~~Q) ULU~U@~~uu®tb §lGl) Q6IT!Dc$Qr - Q6r5Jc$Q) c$L.@~6lJmQ)uSlQ) L5lmbONuL5lQr 6lJmc$c$Qr - Q6r5Jc$Q) c$L.® ~6lJmGl)uSlQ) ULUQrU®tb c$@6lSlc$~tb ~~Qr ULU~c$~tb - c$@r5Jc$Q) c$L.@lOITar~~!D®tb Q6r5Jc$Q) c$L...@lOITm~~!D®Lb :lLQr61T ~6lJ!llIUIT®c$Qr

6.1. lillffi(jJJ~&1lir & ~~L6U&.m (Arches & Lintels)

~!DlQPc$Lb - 6lJm61TQjc$~ro uLU~u®~~uu@Lb §lQ) Q6IT!Dc$Qr - Qlm61TQjc$~Qr 6lJmc$c$Qr - rol6n'm"Lroc$Qr - roldm-Lrol~ Qlmc$c$Qr - 6lJm61T6l.Jc$~B;®Lb roJdm-Lroc$~B;@Lb ~mL~LUllIQr61T ~Qlgu UIT@c$6Tr

6.2. lOlJ aQlmQ)uIT®c$Qr (Carpentry and Joinery) ~!DlQPc$tb - lOlJaQlmGl)UIT® Q~ITWlrolro ULU~U@~~uu®tb 6lJITrr~m~c$Qr - LDIJ~6lJmGl)UITL...lq-ro .@mbONULj ~mlOB;®Lb ~UIT~ c$@~~ro Qc$ITQr61T aQldm-lq-LUmQl - lOlJ .@mbONuLj 6lJmc$c$Qr

6.3. c$~6l.Jc$6Tr LD,ID!llItb 6~arroc$Qr (Doors and Windows)~!DlQPc$tb - c$~6l.J lO!Dgutb 6QrmQ)c$"1fIro ULU~U@~~uu®tb §lGl) Q6IT!Dc$Qr - c$~Q51Qr ~61T6l.Jc$Qr LD,ID!llItb c$~6l.J 6~arro ~mLDB;c$uu@Lb ~Lr5Jc$Qr - c$~Qjc$~Qr Qlmc$c$Qr - 6Qrmroc$"1fI~ Qlmc$c$Qr - c$~6l.J LD!DWtb 6QrmQ)c$"1fIro ULU~U@~~uu®tb BlQ)c$Qr, ~ITWUUITQr LD,ID!llILb ~L.@c$6Tr

7;1. mia.&L@&1lir (Stairs)

~!DlQPc$Lb - Ulq-.$c$L®c$."1fIro uLUQru®~~uu@Lb §lQ) Q6IT,IDc$Qr - Ulq-B;c$L.@ ~mLDB;c$uu@Lb ~LLb - Ulq-B;c$L®c$~Qr QlQ')c$c$Qr - ,!DQ)G\) Ulq-B;c$L.lq-Gisr ~®~c$6Tr ·,!D6!lar Ulq-B;c$L®8;Qr .

7.2. ~61Tr5Jc$6Tr LD,ID!llItb ~61TQlrflQ')6c$Qr (Floors & Flooring)~!Dl@c$tb - ,!DroGl) ~Q')lJuSlQr ~®~c$Qr . - ~Q')lJuSl~ 6lJmc$mLU~ a~rr,!iiQ~@uu~Q) c$QI~B;c$ ~6lJdm-lq-LU ~Lb6r5Jc$6Tr - ~61Tr5Jc$"1fI~ 6lJQ')c$c$Qr - ~61Tr5Jc$~B;® uUJ~u®~~uu®Lb QUIT@L.c$~Qr 6lJQ')c$c$Qr - ~mlJuSlQr alOro bJ, 6: c$ c$ Qr LD !D W tb ~ m IJ 6l5l rfl u LI c$ Qr

8.1. ~L(gLIf(g&L (Auto CAD)

~!DlQPc$Lb - c$mf]mf]Q')LUB; Qc$ITdm-® Auto CADro 6lJmlJ~rolQr ,!D~Q')LDc$6Tr - Commands (c$L.LQ')61Tc$6Tr) - Limits (6J"roQ')Q)c$Qr) - Function keys (Q6LUQ)LjIfi Q5161TB;c$Lb) - File management (6lJrflQ')6 .@rrQl.$l~~Q» - Drawing Commands (QlQ')IJUL c$LLm61Tc$Qr)

8.2. LDIT!D!DlLUmLD~~rol~ c$L...Lm61Tc$Qr (Modify or Edit Commands) - Zooming options (6l5lrflQlITB;c$~m~ ~~rr,!iiQ~@~~ro) - Dimension Managements (UrrlLDIT6mlTt.6l@~QSlQ) ~rrQlITc$Lb) - Layer (Q')QI~~Q) ~Q,lGl)~ ~@B;®~Q» - Editing Commands (LDIT,ID!DlLUQ')lO~~ro)

93

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02.
03.
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05.
06.
07.
08.
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10. •• •

BiL.,.LU ULfilI6IDlJfilIlT6IT1T

11w fill@JUq UfJL~~LLID QifW@ffifJ) I

(fillffijJuLrhl&m ffi&&m iffJliJiJ~ &~~ (AUTO CAD) @(jl) ID fJ &cg (ill fJ fill ffi jJ UJ su fJ ID.

~Iq.ilUrnL ~urr,rBuJ'wrffi 6lJrnJJuLID (Basic Engineering Drawing)

01. ~. tOT@~~.$o$Qr LDd>wtb tOT6lI'nr0$Qr tOT@~~ro

~. ~61TGlS"l®~ro uuSld>§I Q8'tiJ~ro

(:o$IT® LDtDW tb QJL.Lr!.Jo$6ITl6isr Q~ITW1d>J91L.utb

6l.llq .. GlS"llUro 8'ITIT,!i;~ ~Q)LDUl.j (Geometrical Construction) ao$ITGlo$Q)QT t.Slrfl~~ro - Q8'r!.J@)~~.$ (:o$ITGI, (:o$ITL..Q)L U~ UITo$r!.Jo$QTITo$ t.Slrfl~~ro - (:o$ITmrr!.Jo$Qr - 8'~lJtb

B"atbt.Sl6isr QQJL..GI (:~ITtDlDr!.Jo$Qr (Conic Sections) - ffiQr QJL..Ltb, UIJGl..IQ)61TlUtb LDd>wtb ~~UIJGl..IQ)61TlUtb

o$L..LUUL..L QUIT®L.o$6ITl6isr ®!6luJ'®o$Qr

0$ ~ 6l.J 0$ Qr LD tD W tb 8'~ mro 0$ 6ITl6isr @)!6lujGlo$Qr

8'IT .$ 0$ Q) L 0$ W16l.J ffi.$ 0$ ~~ tD@)rfllU QUIT ® ~~ 0$ 6ITl6isr @)!6luJ'®o$Qr t.6l6isr 8' IT IJ QUIT ® ~ ~ 0$ GiIfl6ilr @)!6luJ'®o$Qr

(!puurflLDITmr (:~ITd>lDtb LDtDWtb G'IlWroo$Qr - LDIT~rfl 1 (!puurflLDITmr (:~rid>lDtb LDtDWtb G'IlWro.$Qr - LDIT~rfl 2

8>LIq.L (ilurr,rBuJ'wrffi 6lJffifJULID (Civil Engineering Drawing)

11. Q8'r!.Jo$rot.SlQ)mrut.Sl6ilr (:QJQ)~ (Q8'r!.J@)~~ITm (:LDro a~ITtDlDtb) ~r!.J.$l~ t.SlQ)mru4 ~ro~~

- t.Sl Q 61TuS'l6l5p t.Sl Q) mru 4

12. ~Qu~Gl..IITIJ~~6iIr QQJL.® (:~ITtDlDtb (~tq.~~61T~~L6isr B"atq.1U 8rQJIT LDtDWtb Utq.0$~L6iIr B"a tq.1U 8r Gl..I IT) .

13. QJ Q) 61T6l.J 0$ Qr (~ L.Q) LlU IT m QJ Q) 61T 6l.J ~ Q) IJ QJ L..L Gil Q) 61T6l.J .ffi QrQJ L.LLD IT 6lII" Gl..I Q) QT6l.J LD d> w tb QJL..LUU@)~).

14. LDIJ8=8'L..L 0$~6l.J

94

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