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Me Lab Report

Me Lab Report

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Published by Jassondemapan

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Published by: Jassondemapan on Jan 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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An automotive cooling system must perform several functions
1. Remove excess from the engine 2. Maintain a consist engine temperature 3. Help a cold engine warm-up quickly 4. Provide a means of warming the passenger compartment

 .  Engine coolant mixture should be approximately a 50/50 mixture of coolant and water.Automotive cooling systems operate around 180-212 degree F  Engine coolant is used to remove heat from the cylinder to the radiator where in is then dissipated.

but to remove heat from a number of other components associated with engine operation. These components. which transfer heat to engine cooling system.      The cooling systems of engines are not only called upon to remove heat generated by combustion. are: transmission and torque converter oil cooler Hydraulic oil cooler Retarded oil cooler After cooler Water cooled exhaust manifold .


• Require fins and baffles to increase surface area • Fans used in large engines to blow air around engine – Used in small engines and some large engines – More Difficult to control temperature – Most vehicles are water-cooled . – Transfer of heat to air more difficult.• AIR COOLING SYSTEMS – Use air to dissipate heat directly.



air cools the liquid – Engine heat absorbed by liquid – Liquid travels to radiator • Airflow through radiator cools liquid .• LIQUID COOLING SYSTEMS – Liquid cools engine.



direct to engine (Continuous Energy use) » Stationary. fan only runs when car stationary . thermostatically controlled clutch » Many larger engines – Electric Motor. thermostatically controlled clutch » High speed vehicles.– Radiator • Heat exchanger to air • Coolant reservoir – Fan • Forces air through radiator • Fan requires energy – Belt driven. slow vehicles under constant load – Belt driven. normally no fan needed » Many cars.

into engine – Thermostat • Temperature controlled valve (more later) – Coolant • Antifreeze – Prevents freezing in winter – Helps prevent overheating in summer – Anti-corrosion .– Water pump • Centrifugal pump circulates water through engine & radiator • Draws cool water from bottom of radiator.

whereby the waves of the coolant in the chamber are mostly dashed against the lower surface of the splash-guard member and prevented from dashing into the vent to leak out there through. .Reserved tank • A coolant reserve tank comprises a disk-shaped splash-guard member horizontally disposed adjacent an inner end of a coolant reserve chamber vent and having in the upper surface thereof a plurality of grooves only through which the vent opens into the coolant reserve chamber. and inhibitors . glycol.Three major coolant components-water.

The cooling system removes excess heat from the engine. This system is identical on all models covered in this manual. Major components of the cooling system are: . transfer oil. and transmission oil. engine oil.


A. . ENGINE TEMPERATURE SENDING UNIT – Sends signal indicating coolant temperature to gauge on instrument cluster. B. C. D. THERMOSTAT – Shuts off coolant return flow to radiator until temperature reaches 190°F (88°C). ENGINE TEMPERATURE SWITCH – Sends signal to activate control valve system to operate fan when engine temperature exceeds 215°F (102°C) and deactivate when engine temperature drops below 190°F (88°C).Coolant is then directed to the radiator through the radiator inlet hose.WATER CROSSOVER – Collects coolant from cylinder heads and channels it to the thermostat housing where it is redirected through the cooling system.

. SURGE TANK – Filling and expansion point for cooling system. G.PERSONNEL HEATER – Provides heat for personnel and interior of vehicle. H.E. RADIATOR – Directs coolant through a series of fins and baffles so outside air can dissipate excess engine heat before the coolant is recirculated through the engine. F. OIL COOLER – Directs engine oil (lower half of cooler) and transmission oil (upper half of cooler)through a series of fins or baffles so outside air can remove heat from oil.

• Pre-ignition • Detonation • Knock – All result in very high pressure rise and possible damage to engine • Heat Fatigue of components – Burnt Pistons – Burnt Valves • Failure of lubrication system – Oil breakdown – Oil film at cylinder destroyed at 200C • Scoring of piston & sleeves • Warping & fracture of components .

rises .• Unnecessary Wear • Poor Fuel Economy – Incomplete Combustion – Lower coolant Temperature • More energy transferred out of cylinder • Energy from is wasted & not available for work (Power) • Promotes corrosive conditions in engine – Water of combustion reacts with sulfur oxides in exhaust • Forms acids – Allows water & sludge to accumulate in crankcase – Over time. fuel diluting the oil will accumulate • Normally lighter volatile fuel will evaporate as temp.

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