LIBRARY

THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SANTA BARBARA
PRESENTED BY
Herbert
S.

Woodward

LIBRARY

MORALS AND DOGMA
OF THE

ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE
OF

FREEMASONRY
PREPARED FOR THK

SUPREME COUNCIL

OF THE

THIRTY-THIRD DEGREE.

SOUTHERN JURISDICTION OF THE UNITED STATES,

PUBLISHED BY ITS AUTHORITY.

CHARLESTON,
A.\ M.'. 5641

ENTF.KHII according
In tne Office of tne

to

Act of Congress, HI

me
.

year 1871^ by

ALBERT
LiDranan

PIKE.
at

of Cor.gresf

Washington.

ENTERI:D according

to

Act of Congress.
A. A. S.
I-

:r

the year 190>,
S. A.,

by

THE SUPREME COUN'CIL OF THE SOUTHERN
JURISDICTION,
..

U.

In the Office of tne Librarian of Cci gress.

at

Washington.

L.

Manufactured by H. Jenkins, Richmond. Va.
March,
1916

PREFACE.
THE
following work has been prepared by authority of the Su-

preme Council of the Thirty-third
Jurisdiction of the United States,

Degree,

for

the

Southern

by

the

Grand Commander,
It

and

is

now
and
is

published

by

its

direction.

contains

the

Lectures of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite
diction,

in that juris-

specially intended to be read
in

and studied by the

Brethren of that obedience,
Degrees.
It is

connection with the Rituals of the

hoped and expected that each will furnish himself and make himself familiar with it for which purwith a copy, pose, as the cost of the wo.rk consists entirely in the printing and
;

binding,

it

will be furnished at a price as

moderate as
it,

possible.

No
It

individual will receive pecuniary profit from
its sale. its

except the

agents for

has been copyrighted, to prevent

republication elsewhere,

and the copyright,
the

like those of all the other

works prepared for

Supreme Council, has been assigned to Trustees for that Body. Whatever profits may accrue from it will be devoted to purposes

of charity.

The Brethren
other

of the Rite in the United States and
it,

Canada

will

be afforded the opportunity to purchase

nor

is it

forbidden that
so.

Masons

shall

;

but they will not be solicited to do

In preparing this work, the
equally
half
its

Grand Commander has been about
;

Author and Compiler

since

he

has

extracted

quite

contents from the works of the best writers and most phi-

losophic or eloquent thinkers.
ter
less.
Still,

Perhaps

it

would have been

bet-

and more acceptable,
perhaps half of

if

he had extracted more and written

it

is

his

own;

and, in incorporating here

IV

PREFACE.

the thoughts and words of others, he has continually changed

and added
tences, his

to the language, often intermingling, in the

same

sen-

own words

with theirs.

It

not being intended for the

world at large, he has
sources, a

felt at liberty to

make, from

all

accessible

Compendium
his

of the Morals

and

Dogma
if

of the Rite, to

re-mould sentences, change and add to words and phrases, combine

them with

own, and use them as

they mere his own,
to

to be dealt with at his pleasure

and so availed of as

make

the

whole most valuable for the purposes intended. He claims, therefore, little of the merit of authorship, and has not cared to distinguish his

own from

that

which he has taken from other sources,

being quite willing that every portion of the book, in turn,
be regarded as borrowed from some old and better writer.

may

The teachings

of these Readings are not sacramental, so far as

they go beyond the realm of Morality into those of other domains
of Thought and Truth.
uses the

The Ancient and Accepted

Scottish Rite

word "Dogma"

in its true sense, of doctrine, or teaching;

and
is

is

not dogmatic in the odious sense of that term.

entirely free to reject

seem to him to
that he shall

Every one and dissent from whatsoever herein may be untrue or unsound. It is only required of him
is

weigh what

taught, and give

it

fair

hearing and

unprejudiced judgment.

Of
is

course, the ancient theosophic and

philosophic speculations are not embodied as part of the doctrines of the Rite
;

but because

it

of interest and profit to

know what

the Ancient Intellect thought

upon these subjects, and because
as

nothing so conclusively proves the radical difference between our

human and
mind
Deity.

the animal

nature,

the capacity

of the

human,
and the

to entertain such speculations in regard to itself

But as

to these opinions themselves,

words of the learned Canonist,
secundiim
varietatcm

we may say, in the " Ludovicus Gomez: Opiniones
scncscant
ct

tcmporum

inter moriantur,

aliccqnc diversoc vel

prioribits

contrarioc .renascantnr ei deinde

pubescant."

MORALS AND DOGMA.

LODGE OF PERFECTION.

MORALS AND DOGMA.

i.

APPRENTICE.
THE TWELVE-INCH RULE AND THE COMMON
GAVEL.

void, like that of

FORCE, unregulated or ill-regulated, is not only wasted in the gunpowder burned in the open air, and steam
;

but, striking in the dark, and its blows the air, they recoil, and bruise itself. It is destrucmeeting only tion and ruin. It is the volcano, the earthquake, the cyclone

unconfined by science

;

not growth and progress.

It is

Polyphemus blinded,
the

striking at

falling headlong among impetus of his own blows. The blind Force of the people is a Force that must be economized, and also managed, as the blind Force of steam, lifting the ponderous iron arms and turning the large wheels, is made to bore

random, and

sharp TOCKS by the

and

rifle

the cannon and to

weave the most

delicate lace.

It

must

be regulated by Intellect. Intellect is to the people and the people's Force, what the slender needle of the compass is to the ship its soul, always counselling the huge mass of wood and iron, and always
pointing to the north. To attack the citadels built up on all sides against the human race by superstitions, despotisms, and pre-

2
judices, the Force of daring produce

MORALS

A

ND DOGMA.

must have a brain and a law. Then its deeds permanent results, and there is real progress. Then there are sublime conquests. Thought is a force, and philosophy should be an energy, finding its aim and its effects in the amelioration of mankind. The two great motor? are Truth and
all these Forces are combined, and guided by the and regulated by the RULE of Right, and Justice, and of combined and systematic movement and effort, the great revolution prepared for by the ages will begin to march. The POWER of the Deity Himself is in equilibrium with His WISDOM. Hence the only

Love.

When

Intellect,

results are
It is

HARMONY.
is
it

because Force

ures.

Therefore

is

ill regulated, that revolutions prove failthat so often insurrections, coming from

those high mountains that domineer over the moral horizon. Justice, Wisdom, Reason, Right, built of the purest snow of the ideal,
after a long fall
in their transparency,

from rock to rock, after having reflected the sky and been swollen by a hundred affluents, in

the majestic path of triumph, suddenly lose themselves in quagmires, like a Californian river in the sands.

The onward march

of the

human

race requires that the heights

around it should blaze with noble and enduring lessons of courage. Deeds of daring dazzle history, and form one class of the guiding lights of man. They are the stars and coruscations from that sea of electricity, the Force inherent in the people. To strive, great
to

brave

all risks,

to perish, to persevere, to be true to one's self, to

grapple body
terror
it

to

body with destiny,

inspires,

now

to confront unrighteous

to surprise defeat by the little power, now to defy

intoxicated triumph these are the examples that the nations need, and the light that electrifies them.
in the great caverns of evil beneath hideous degradation, squalor, wretchedness and society destitution, vices and crimes that reek and smimer in the darkness
;

There are immense Forces
in the

in that populace below the people, of great cities. There disinterestedness vanishes, every one howls, searches, gropes, and gnaws for himself. Ideas are ignored, and of progress there is no thought,

This populace has two mothers, both of thorn step-mothers Ignofor the appetite alone rance and Misery. Want is their onl guide crave satisfaction. Yet even these may be employed. The they
\

lowlv sand

by

fire,

we trample upon, cast into the furnace, melted, purified may become rcsplcndeir crystal. They have the brute

APPRENTICE.

3

force of the HAMM-ER, but their blows help on the great cause, when struck within the lines traced by the RULE held by wisdom

and discretion. Yet it is this very Force of the people,
their armies.

this Titanic

giants, that builds the fortifications of tyrants,

power of the and is embodied in

which it than under

the possibility of such tyrannies as those of has been said, that "Rome smells worse under Vitellius
Sulla.

Hence

Under Claudius and under Domitian
is

there

is

a

deformity of baseness corresponding to the ugliness of the tyranny.

The

foulness of the slaves

a direct result of the atrocious base-

ness of the despot. A miasma exhales from these crouching consciences that reflect the master the public authorities are unclean, hearts are collapsed, consciences shrunken, souls puny. This is
;

so under Caracalla,

it is

so under

Commodus,

it is

so under Helio-

gabalus, while from the Roman senate, under Caesar, there comes only the rank odor peculiar to the eagle's eyrie."
It is

the basest as well as the best.

the force of the people that sustains all these despotisms, That force acts through armies

;

and these oftener enslave than liberate. the RULE. Force is the MACE of steel

Despotism there applies at the saddle-bow of the

knight or of the bishop in armor. Passive obedience by force supports thrones and oligarchies, Spanish kings, and Venetian senates.
of utter weakness

an army wielded by tyranny, is the enormous sum total and so Humanity wages war against Humanity, in despite of Humanity. So a people willingly submits to despotism, and its workmen submit to be despised, and its soldiers to be
Might,
in
;

whipped
silent,

;

therefore

it

is

that battles lost by a nation are often
liberty.

progress attained.

Less glory is more reason sometimes speaks.

When

the

drum

is

is,

Tyrants use the force of the people to chain and subjugate that enyoke the people. Then they plough with them as men do

with oxen yoked. Thus the spirit of liberty and innovation is reduced by bayonets, and principles are struck dumb by cannonshot while the monks mingle with the troopers, and the Church
;

militant

and

jubilant, Catholic or Puritan, sings

Te Deums

for

victories over rebellion.

The
the

HAMMER

military power, not subordinate to the civil power, again or MACE of FORCE, independent of the RULE, is an

of Zeus.

armed tyranny, born full-grown, as Athene sprung from the brain It spawns a dynasty, and begins with Caesar to rot into

4
Vitellius

MORALS AND DOGMA.

and Commodus. At the present day it inclines to begin where former dynasties ended. Constantly the people put forth immense strength, only to end The force of the people is exhausted in in immense weakness. indefinitely prolonging things long since dead in governing mankind by embalming old dead tyrannies of Faith restoring dilapidated dogmas regilding faded, worm-eaten shrines whitening and rouging ancient and barren superstitions; saving society by
; ; ;
;

multiplying parasites

perpetuating superannuated institutions enforcing the worship of symbols as the actual means of salvation and tying the dead corpse of the Past, mouth to mouth, with the
;

;

;

living Present.

Therefore

it

is

that

it

is

one of the

fatalities of

Humanity

to be

condemned

to eternal struggles with

phantoms,

with superstitions, bigotries, hypocrisies, prejudices, the formulas of error, and the pleas of tyranny. Despotisms, seen in the past,

become

respectable, as the mountain, bristling with volcanic rock,

rugged and horrid, seen through the haze of distance is blue and smooth and beautiful. The sight of a single dungeon of tyranny is worth more, to dispel illusions, and create a holy hatred of despotism, and to direct FORCE aright, than the most eloquent volumes. The French should have preserved the Bastile as a
perpetual lesson
Inquisition.
built its
;

Italy should not destroy the

dungeons of the

The Force
cells,

gloomy

of the people maintained the Power that and placed the living in their granite sep-

ulchres.

The FORCE

action, maintain

of the people cannot, by its unrestrained and fitful and continue in action and existence a free

Government once
strained,

created. That Force must be limited, reconveyed by distribution into different channels, and by roundabout courses, to outlets, \vhence it is to issue as the law,

action,

and decision of the State
in different canals,

;

as the wise old Egyptian kings

conveyed by sub-division, the swelling waters of the Nile, and compelled them to fertilize and not devastate the land. There must be the jus ci norma, the law and Rule, or
Gauge, of constitution and law, within which the public force must act. Make a breach in either, and the great steam-hammer, with its swift and ponderous blows, crushes all the machinery to atoms, and, at last, wrenching itself away, lies inert and dead amid
the ruin
it

The FORCE

has wrought. of the people, or the popular

will,

in

action and

APPRENTICE.

5

exerted, symbolized by the GAVEL, regulated and guided by and acting within the limits of LAW and ORDER, symbolized by the TWENTY-FOUR-INCH RULE, has for its fruit LIBERTY, EQUALITY,

and FRATERNITY, the eye of the law
well as
its benefits.

liberty regulated
;

by law equality of rights in brotherhood with its duties and obligations as
;

You

will

ASHLAR,

hear shortly of the Rough ASHLAR and the Perfect as part of the jewels of the Lodge. The rough 'Ashlar is

from the quarry, in its rude and perfect Ashlar is said to be "a stone made ready by the hands of the workmen, to be adjusted by the workingtools of the Fellow-Craft." shall not repeat the explanations
said to be "a stone, as taken

natural state."

The

We

of these symbols given by the York Rite. You may read them in its printed monitors. They are declared to allude to the self-

improvement of the individual craftsman, same superficial interpretation.
ganized.
is

a continuation of the

The rough Ashlar is the PEOPLE, as a mass, rude and unorThe perfect Ashlar, or cubical stone, symbol of perfection,
the STATE, the rulers deriving their
;

powers from the consent

of the governed the constitution and laws speaking the will of the people the government harmonious, symmetrical, efficient,
;

its

powers properly distributed and duly adjusted
If

in

equilib-

rium.

we

delineate a cube on a plane surface thus:

and nine external lines, drawn between The complete cube has three more faces, making six; three more lines, making twelve ; and one more point, making eight. As the number 12 includes the sacred numbers, 3, 5, 7, and 3 times 3, or 9, and is produced by adding the sacred number 3 to
visible three faces,

we have

seven points.

i, 2, the unit or monad, and duad, same sacred number 3 it was called the added together, make perfect number and the cube became the symbol of perfection. Produced by FORCE, acting by RULE; hammered in accordance

9; while

its

own two
;

figures,

the

;

Thought is should it not be of the law of Prayer is a force. like Orisons that beg and clamor are prayer. it is an appropriate symbol of the Force of the people. Our free agency and our will are forces. . without those two great forces. the threefold soul of the State . never cease launches a pebble registered and every uttered word for eternitv upon the invisible air. God. If attain the effort also our free a force. are the great mysterious pointings It is magnetism that thus connects the. should have its effects? Man is not to be comprehended as a starting-point. and Fraternity. . that prayer. made of So. meditation. Equality. likewise. because we cannot by any effort change what is predestined. which interprets the laws. an ocean. the compass. out of the rough Ashlar. prayer. its vitality. predestined.6 MORALS AND DOGMA. makes the laws the Judiciary. all of which are His forces. do not absurdly cease to make efforts to We wealth or happiness. Love. It is but a shallow scoff to say that prayer is absurd. are Liberty. of which conscience a spiritual prayer. w e pray. Thought. He means of it. Faith and Love. Prayer is sublime. Will is a force. Our own are part of these. meditation. To deny Effort. prolong life. between man and man. which executes the laws the Legislative. most feebly and misunderstandingly " characterized as an ARCHITECT/' Certain faculties of man are Though Masonry is prayer directed toward is the Unknown thought. when our hand. is r Why Faith and Love. neither usurps the place of. : and Yet the is effects produced. The three invisible faces. It is the aspiration of the soul toward the Absolute and Infinite Intelligence. human soul with the Deity. These majestic irradiations of the soul pierce through the shadow toward the light. nor apes religion. moved by our into the ocean. an essential part of our ceremonies. by the instrumentality of the forces of nature. is The unknown of the needle. to persuade God to change produces foreknown and foreintended effects. between the State and the citizens. or progress as a goal. the efficacy of to deny that of Faith. will. represent the three departments. which visible faces the Executive. by His plans. u'ill. which is the One Supreme Deity. and continue health. it is not the less our effort. is pitiful. spirit. applies and enforces them. expressed as the constitution and law of the State and of the State itself the three . and intellect. with lines measured by the Gauge. because it is not possible for us.

in regard bodies. is the For further instruction as to the symbolism of the heavenly and of the sacred numbers. WISDOM. are the perfections of everything. This is what is asked and answered in our catechism. Hermes. of the Universe. and the other parts of the world. and the dress of the High-Priest. him shall God destroy. the zodiac. place in which they meet. "because Wisdom." is A " Lodge" ****** Lodge. or warrant of constitution. which temple ye are. The room or are King Solomon's Temple. you must wait patiently until you advance in Masonry. this representative. and a charter. and compass. duly congregated. and the Junior the great and important undertak"Know ye not. It is to decipher the writing of God. is the work of the sage and philosopher. that Lodge. for all necessary that there should be support.APPRENTICE. as then understood. the moon. and Beauty. and of the temple and its details." The Wisdom and Power of the Deity are in equilibrium. of whom Khurum is one of the lights of the Lodge." temple of God. and BEAUTY. and Beauty to adorn. the constellations Ursa Major and Minor. The Temple contained many emblems of the seasons the sun. "that ye are the ings. and that the spirit of God dwelleth in you? If any man desecrate the temple of God. represented by the Master. and supplied man with the model for symbolic. "it is Senior Warden. and penetrate into His thoughts. The arrangement of the Temple of Solomon. in the mean time exercising your intellect in studying them for yourself." " Because. to the defined to be "an assemblage of Freemasons. itself and as a whole. having the sacred writings. the planets. Strength to the temple of God is holy." says the Apostle Paul. representing some part of is also called the Lodge and it is that we considering. the It is the Master of elements. and nothing can endure without them. the symbolic ornaments which formed its chief decorations. The Universe the first temples reared to the Divinity. The . ." the York Rite says. It is said to be supported by three great columns. Strength. all had refer- ence to the order of the Universe. Wisdom to conceive. FORCE or STRENGTH. authorizing them to work. X in its details Every Lodge is a Temple. the now Warden and these are said to be columns that support the Lodge. . square. To study and seek to interpret correctly the symbols of the I "niverse.

and so. of bronze. the of the honeycomb with grace of style. but His laws because they are right. virtues. results perfect harmony. They wisdom and in the infinite force. the material. . the egg. that the wisdom of the Architect is displayed in combining. and vice. would necessarily not be constrained to consistency. the beauty of figures. energy. These pillars. mony in this. four fingers breadth in thickness. entered the Lodge between two columns. and the people be really free. because they are the enactments of His POWER. one Masonic that Wisdom. are the great enigmas of the Sphynx. They represent two which stood in the porch of the Temple. dates of His laws of nature and the moral laws are not the mere despotic manOmnipotent will for. then they might be changed by . beauty. of the sympathy and opposite action of contraries a single Wisdom above them holding the beam of the scales. as only a skillful Architect can do. ornamentation. human responsiexistence bility. may be added. and good and right become evil and wrong. Power. according to the most authentic the You . and Harmony constitute They have other and profounder meanings. as in all the Divine. Its decrees and laws could not be immutable. the strength. Omnipotent power. ingratitude. Titanic strength. were. the sciences. . and mercy. it may at some time be unveiled to you. or the expression of His WILL but because they express His infinite . strength. vices. too. As to the ordinary and commonplace explanation. The laws of God are not obligatory on us. Him. and as God has done every- human frame. To reconcile the moral law. with the absolute power of God and the these of evil with His absolute wisdom. free-will. in the tree. in a State. tion of the orator and poet where. and order become disorder. triad. and fraud. musical cadences. and existing alone. From the equilibrium of infinite WISDOM. and their must be combined with the beauty of the and the intellect. arts. in physics and moral universe. cells for example. proportion. infinite. symmetry. the play and irradiation of imagination and fancy. That. with grace. lightness. if the State would scale Harthe heights of excellence. the warlike and industrial force of the people. and goodness. and the human. honesty and loyalty. on each side of the great eastern gateway.8 MORALS AND DOGMA. are not right because they are His laws. is the perfecto combine force. is the result of equilibrium.

and that in the cubits high. account confirmed that in the First in 9 Second Book of Kings. It probably meant Active and V'reifying Energy and Force. and meant. "He shall establish. roborando The f (inner word Strengthening. or plant in an from the verb "yn Kiln. JACIIIN and that on the left BOAZ. the shaft of each was a little over thirty feel eight niches in height. firm. TJ? means Strong. A cubit is one foot and ^ a . "In it is strength. to see a celeson the other but these . Permanence. and its covering no less than the canopy of say. was named. That is." and gives the word the force of the Latin the gerund. and ornamented with wreaths of bronze and appear to have imitated the shape of the . Refuge. The symbolic meaning of these columns are not warranted. and a terrestrial globe odges of the York Rite. It was probably proThe word Jachin. with a capital five The shaft of each was four cubits in diameter.' 2 " To " this object. and thence. in the city of Tyre. at the entrance to the famous Temple of Malkarth. tln '> mason's mind is con- . erect position Heaven. covered by bronze net-work. also means he re /// 1 establish. lie stood erect. a sacred symbol to the Hindus and Egyptians. the object be to imitate the original two columns of the Temple. in the passive sense. Jeremiah eighteen cubits high. is p3\ nounced Ya-kayan. Our translators say that the first word means. lily. The prefixed means " " u'ith'' or in. the present unexplained. of the great columns consecrated to the \Yinds and Fire. as a verbal noun." they say. Source of Strength. The word Boaz is Ty3 ? Baaz. tial It is customary. only adding that Entered Apprentices keep their working-tools in the column JACK IN and giving you the etymology and literal meaning of shall leave for . Strength. upright. in Hebrew. and Boac. The pillar or column on the right. or in the south." These columns were imitations. The Dimensions of the Lodge. stable. by Khurum. and the diameter of the shaft six feet ten inches. Power. we two names. The capitals were enriched by pomegranates of bronze. Stability.APPRENTICE. as the Hebrew word is rendered in our translation of the Bible. the Tyrian artist. * Might. the capital of each a little over eight feet six inches in height." and seed-vessel of the lotus or Egyptian : me second. He that strengthens. if in T globe on one. a Fort. our Brethren of the York Rite " are unlimited.

are assured by Clemens of Alexandria. tinus. and the top of it reaching to Heaven. consecrated to the seven planets. had to ascend. Hope in Immortality. Hope. and Charity to all mankind. tinually directed. sometimes with nine rounds. seven degrees or steps carried to Rome under the Emperors. the ladder. Jacob saw the Spirits of God ascending and descending on it and above it the Deity Himself. the had descended. learn this from Celsus. The addition of the three principal rounds to the symbolism. Jupiter. and Charity and which admonish us to have Faith in God. one for each planet. To return to its source in the Infinite. deemed with the angels of God ascending and descending on it. the it human soul. . and this is to represent that mystic ladder. was a symbol referring to this ascent through the spheres of the seven planets. in his Commentary on the Ennead of Ploand in the Mysteries of Mithras. earth. The Ladder by which it reascends. . in Origen. Venus. with its seven rounds. who says that the symbolic image of this passage among the stars. and Saturn. which are denominated Faith. has. according to Marsilius Ficinus. as . which Jacob saw in his dream. There Mercury.10 MORALS AND DOGMA. returning. and thither he hopes at last to arrive by the aid of the theological ladder which Jacob in his vision saw ascending from earth to Heaven the three principal rounds of . The Mithraic Mysteries were celebrated in caves." Accordingly a ladder. ancients held. through the seven spheres. set up on the earth. Mars. were seven heavens and seven spheres of these planets on all the monuments of Mithras are seven altars or pyres. is seen on the chart. in descending or . The ancients counted seven the planets. where gates were marked at the four equinoctial and solstitial points of the zodiac and the seven planetary spheres were represented. its top in the clouds. through which they pass. Sun. which souls needs must traverse in descending from the heaven of the fixed stars to the elements that envelop the earth and seven gates were marked. and by Philo Judasus. used in the Mithraic We Mysteries. resting at the bottom on the . thus arranged: the Moon. as were the seven lamps of the golden candelabrum we in the Temple. . is wholly modern and incongruous. the stars shining above it . . That these represented the planets. was a ladder reaching from earth to Heaven. in his Stromata.

The obligation of the candidate is always to be taken on the sacred book or books of his religion. that of the fixed stars. no Lodge without them. Square. The Holy Bible. are the Great Lights by which a Mason must walk and work. The former. adapted only to a plane surface. that trigonometry which deals only with planes. The Hebrew Pentateuch in a Mohammedan one. 1 . onlj it is the sacred book of the Christian religion. and deals with spherical plane. trigonometry. what religion you were. The symbol was the same as that of the seven stages of Borsippa. as in erecting per- pendiculars this and. earth-measurement. . it is held that . You see the Lodge. are said to be. and Compasses. belong Hebrew Lodge. In the Mithraic ceremonies. the science of the spheres and heavens. are not only styled the Great Lights in Masonry. Square and Compass. the greater and lesser. the candidate went through seven stages of initiation. and the Koran in a on the Altar and one of these. and at the summit an eighth one. properly understood. because they cannot regard the New Testament as a holy book. and the . We have no other concern with your religious creed. by its Lights. as you have seen. passing through many fearful and of these the high ladder with seven rounds or steps trials was the symbol. and each of a different color. This has sometimes been made a pretext for excluding Jews from our Lodges. the Compass . II into seven steps or stages. formed by two right lines. therefore. and with the earth. You have already heard what these Lights. The Bible is an there is because indispensable part of the furniture of a Christian Lodge. you are reminded that. to each of which was a gate. which the ancients supposed to be a The Compass describes circles. It is and belongs only to geometry. its details and ornaments. and how they are spoken of by our Brethren of the York Rite. therefore. that he may deem it more solemn and binding and therefore it was that you were asked of . is an emblem of what concerns the earth and the body the latter of what concerns the heavens and the soul. Yet is The Square a right angle. is also used in plane trigonometry. the Pyramid of vitrified brick.APPRENTICE. but they are also technically called the Furniture of the Lodge and. and Degree . although in both points of the Compass are under the Square. near Babylon. built of seven stages.

A If it make war. and regard wealth. The copy after the State. and not with their philosophical and spiritual meanings. to the people Privilege. and then the lights are not they. has the right of eclipse. the Moon. But the Sun and in no sense light the Lodge. springing up from Labor itself a false and dangerous situation. and distributes it badly. founds public power upon private misery. you have heard. at the forge. Genuflexion before the idol or the dollar atrophies the muscle which walks and the will which moves. devotes all its energies to its material advancement. still the divine ever mingles with the . in unventilated factories. in the field. petrified in dogma. . Hieratic or mercantile absorpa soul ized by tion diminishes the radiance of a people. seeking the material only. The eclipse should not degenerate into night. that is all the enjoyment to a few. in which all the material elements are combined. all to say. with the earthly the spiritual intermixes and there is something spiritual in the commonest duties of life. . you are now dealing only with the moral and political meaning of the symbols. at the same time human and divine. forgetting that it has a soul to be cared for. and deprives it of that understanding of the universal aim. forgets that it has a soul. in miasmatic cells. The nations are not bodies- but also souls-politic and woe to that people which. human. : Exception. Thence the two extremes. which. or the Sublime Lights. pomp. and luxury as the great goods of life. which presupposes the absence of politic alone. and . but those things of which they are the symbols. or demorallucre. the light ought to return. Monopoly.12 MORALS AND DOGMA. Then we have a race. of monstrous opulence and monstrous misery. Such a nation creates wealth rapidly. in the mine. It is a greatness ill constituted. and the presence only of memory and instinct. and plants the greatness of the State in the suffering of the individual. free people. are the Sun. Of what they are the symbols the Mason in that . Such a nature can never lead civilization. unless it be symbolically. lowers its horizon by lowering its level. which makes the missionary nations. over poisonous fumes. making Labor a blinded and chained Cyclops. citizens it is to subserve its commercial interests. and into which no moral element enters. the privations to the rest. three lesser. at the loom. Feudality. like a star. The why Moon do they hold them to be Lights of the Lodge. If a people. in the workshop. and the Master of the Lodge and you have heard what our Brethren of the York Rite say in regard to them.

above and manifested through both Zeus. and Mercury. the Son of Saturn. The Moon was The "Master of Life" was the Supreme Deity." says the learned Bro. of which the life-giving power and energy produce. " represent the two grand principles of all generations. son of Osiris and Isis. by himself. . Thy the land forever. "shall no more go down. ODIN. Nor does the Moon in any sense rule the night with regularity. and the Sabaeans worshipping the Light to worship the Sun. who are his ministers. was the male.'. neither shall thy moon withdraw itself. both. become the author of Light and Life and Truth." people also shall be all righteous they shall inherit Such is the type of a free people. The Sun of Light. To the ancients. The Sun was His manifestation and visible image. the active and passive. "Thy sun. his son. the male and the female. of Light and Life. the Being that nev^r changeth. or Diana. Rite is IJ not told. and Artemis. The Sun represents the . . the Invisible Fire. seemed saw the manifestation of the they Deity. developed as Flame manifested as light and splendor. and representing the Universe). the author of everything that existeth. emblem of universal mat. like Mithras. . . DELAUXAY. in whom God. were represented. It was the symbol of Isis. the symbol of the passive capacity of nature to the female. Moon. The Master ****** . for the LORD shall be thine everlasting light. become King of the Gods Horus. Almighty FATHER FREA. and through the Wardens. Astarte. the the Ancient. the images of the Sun. "The Sun and Moon. is the ancient symbol of the life-giving and generative of the Deity. and THOR. become the Master of Life Dionusos or Bacchus. the Searcher Eternal." In the Temple of Eleusis (a sanctuary lighted only by a window in the roof. the ter Our northern ancestors worshipped this tri-une Deity. the Sun and the Moon. and the days of thy mourning shall be ended. the Living and Awfr-l Being." says ISAIAH to Jerusalem. : are sym- bolized in every Lodge by the Master and Wardens and this makes it the duty of the Master to dispense light to the Brethren. his wife. But above all these was " the Supreme God. into concealed things. the mediator. light was the cause of life .APPRENTICE. power and God was the source from which all light flowed the essence .

The tesserae. . and whose Pontiff claims to be infallible. it is fanciful and arbitrary. whether so intended or not. In England. indeed. in the centre of which is the omnific letter of the Kabalah. and the three form the great Equilateral Triangle. the Blazing Star. Gods and Titans. In England. and commemorative of the star which appeared to guide the wise men of the East to the place of our Saviour's But there was no stone seen" within the Temple. with an indented border round alternately black and white." The . symbolizes. There is no evidence that there was nativity." " The ORNAMENTS of a Lodge are said to be the Mosaic Pavement. of the The pavement. If these and the bordering have any finish it symbolic meaning. He pours upon the Moon his fecundating rays . The walls were covered with planks of cedar." because it has four "tassels. It is the warfare of Michael and Satan. . and the Blazing Star. and the decretals of its Councils to constitute a gospel. chequered in squares or lozenges. The edges of this pavement. it. Fortitude. ." " such a pavement or floor in the Temple. actual light. the Good and Evil Principles of the Egyptian and Persian creed. indented border. which is darkness Day and Night Freedom and Despotism Religious Liberty and the Arbitrary Dogmas of a Church that thinks for its votaries. of Balder and Lok. anciently. and Justice. are the put " the squares or lozenges of the pavement. will necessarily be indented or denticulated. Blazing Star in the centre is said to be "an emblem of Divine Providence. the Indented Tessel. or HORUS. It was termed the Indented Trassel but this ." The Mosaic Paveis said to represent the of King Solomon's Temple and the Indented Tessel ground-floor "that beautiful tesselated border which surrounded it. is a misuse of words." said to represent Temperance. It is a tesserated pavement. both shed their light upon their offspring. five points To find in the BLAZING STAR of an allusion to the . and indented or denticulated border" is called "tesselated. by which creation is said to have been effected. or such a bordering.14 MORALS AND DOGMA. a bordering is necessary. and the floor was covered with planks of fir. Prudence. if in lozenges. It is completed by tassels as ornaments at the corners. also. the Tracing-Board was surrounded with an it is only in America that such a border is around the Mosaic pavement. between light and shadow. ment. toothed like a saw and to complete and .

. which to the . In the East of the Lodge. you must open the pages of the Sohar and Siphra de Supreme Zeniutha.APPRENTICE. that it is the Creative Energy of the Deity. YOD is. with as little reason as if the letter D. or the Dog-star. as the initial of the word GOD. original and fullest signification. over the Master. the symbol of Unity. is the Hebrew letter YOD [ . the PENTALPHA. To understand its mystic meanings. "The Blazing Star or Glory in the centre refers us to that gran(l luminary. of the Deity. and other kabalistic books. an emblem of PRUDENCE. were used in French Lodges instead of the proper letter. spark of uncreated fire. universal seed of all It was HERMES. the son of OSIRIS. YOD in the centre of the the old Lectures. whose name in Greek is that of the God Mercury. the forerunner of the inundation of the Nile the God ANUBIS. inexhaustsource of Life. Then it became the image of HORUS. is also fanciful and to make it commemorative of the Star that is said to have guided the Magi. or the All-seeing Eye. 15 Divine Providence. and ponder deeply on their meaning. the author of the Seasons.which enlightens the earth. the first letter of the Holy Name and also a symbol of the Great Kabalistic Triads. the Absolute. American Lodges the Letter G. the symbol of that unmanifested Deity. and that point in the centre of the Circle of immensity. also. was the universal nature. . place this letter who has no name. Foresight. initial of DIEU. and. is represented as a point. the Master of Learning. her brother and husband. and the God of Time Son of Isis.'. the Blazing Star has been regarded as an emblem of Omniscience. Our French Brethren And in Blazing Star." also in the same lectures. our ancient and by called its it genial influence dispenses blessings to mankind. It became the sacred ible beings. and promising serene skies and fertile seasons to the nations. It must suffice to say. OSIRIS. companion of Isis in her search for the body of . blazing with a steady radiance amid the weltering elements of good and evil of Revolutions. after the storms of change and tumult. meaning comparatively modern. is substituted for this. the Sun.. himself symbolized also by the Sun. in the Kabalah. who . accordingly. and potent sign or character of the Magi. and is the significant emblem of Liberty and Freedom. inclosed in a triIn the English and or ff( ] angle. is to give it a . It is to us in this Degree. himself the primitive matter. English Brethren said. Originally it represented SIRIUS. in its They The word Prudcntia means.

"this circle is embordered by two perpendicular parallel lines. the boundary line of his conduct." This is not to interpret the symbols of Masonry. the DOUBLE CUBE." The SQUARE. and is still used as the astronomical sign of the great luminary. Yob The Jewels of the Lodge are said to be six in number. the Holy Scriptures within their . and upon the top rest the Holy Scriptures" (an open book). in the centre." they "we necessarily touch upon these two lines as well as upon say. with a nearer approach to interpretation.It) MORALS AND DOGMA. Equality and the Plumb. Three the are called "Movable. the Creative Energy of God. that the point within the circle represents God in the centre of the Universe. and while precepts. the Circle. by withdrawing His substance of Light back on all sides from one point. the PERFECT ASHLAR or CUBICAL STONE. a certain point. Energy." and three "Immovable. and the anciently and properly called the Movable Jewels. and the TRACING-BOARD." York Rite say: "The the Level. representing Saint John the Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist. With has the kabalistic meaning. irradiating with light the circular space which God. It is a modern innovation to call them immovable. may be read in their monitors. It is said by the representing an some. the Creator. Of these jewels our Brethren of the inculcates Morality Square Jewels Rectitude of Conduct. Brother. or. creating the Universe. in some Rituals. Initiates Egyptian the was the it emblem of Osiris. It is a common Egyptian sign for the Sun and Osiris. ." . or TRESTLE-BOARD. because they pass from one Brother to another. "In going round this circle. In the Kabalah the point is YOD. Their explanation of the immovable . The immovable jewels are ROUGH ASHLAR. wherein to create the worlds. of the Our Brethren in represented every well-governed Lodge. a it Mason keeps is himself circum- scribed impossible that he should materially err. beyond which he is never to suffer his prejudices or passions to betray him. LEVEL. within a circle point York Rite say individual that "there is . because they PLUMB were the must always be present in the Lodge. left vacant.of the Divine manifested as Light. Our Brethren add that. the universal Light.

. Thou shalt adore. That thoti mayest become the friend of the wise man.Thou shalt cherish thy wife and thy children! its Thou shalt love thy country. O.'.'. The adept may find it in the KaThe JUSTICE and MERCY of God are in equilibrium. would be a waste of time to comment upon Some writers have imagined that the parallel lines represent the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. * * column containing the remains of Osiris * * is Masonry has are its I. to do good because it is a pleasure to thee. thou shalt ! Thou honor Him shalt Thy III. by practising the virtues O. Thy religion shall be. shalt not do unto others that which thou wouldst not and keep burning wish them to do unto thee shalt be submissive to thy fortunes. and love Him ! II. That mean- balah. presides over both. revere. The Holy Scriptures are an entirely modern addition to the symbol. they had some more recondite and same meaning ing the is more fruitful meaning. which the Sun alternately touches upon at the Summer and Winter solstices. like the terrestrial and celestial globes on the columns of the portico. and obey laws ! .APPRENTICE. and not merely because it is a duty. It I/ this. and result is HARMONY. Omnipotent. Thus the ancient symbol has been denaturalized by incongruous additions. the light of wisdom ! Thou shalt honor thy parents! Thou shalt pay respect and homage to the aged Thou shalt instruct the young Thou shalt protect and defend infancy and innocence! ! ! V. Immutable WISDOM and Supreme INTELLIGENCE and Exhaustless LOVE. which : a law to its Initiates. These Ten Commandments .'.'. because a Single and Perfect Wisdom not for the Apprentice. decalogue. But the tropics are not perlines If the parallel pendicular lines. soul obey his precepts is immortal Thou shalt do nothing ! ! to degrade it ! Thou shalt unceasingly war against ! vice! Thou Thou IV. ever belonged to the ancient symbol. and the idea is merely fanciful.'.God is the Eternal. * * its like that of Isis weeping over the broken at Byblos. . They probably had the as the twin columns Jachin and Boaz.

O. against the fatal invasion of necessity and of There are noble and mysterious triumphs. we are told.'. if he were living! Thou shalt avoid and flee from insincere friendships! Thou shalt in everything refrain from excess Thou shalt fear to be the cause of a stain on thy memory VIII. therefore. Thou shalt study to know men. of society in coining knowledge. and causing the mind of youth to grow and in putting. O. There is. remaineth still in the darkness. and. despairing. foot to a determined though unseen bravery. bringing ideas into circulation.'. gradually. become inert. itself. Many great deeds are done in the small struggles of life. He must not imagine that he can effect nothing. poverty. by the teachings of axioms and the promulgation of positive laws.*. VI. foot. which defends baseness. sees. which no eye which no renown rewards. the human race in harmony with its To this duty and work the Initiate destinies. salutes. abandonment. which no flourish of trumpets Life. isolation. ! ! to thyself! Thou shalt be indulgent to error! IX. Thou shalt allow no passions to become thy master! Thou shalt make the passions of others profitable lessons VII. are . O. is apprenticed.'. . as in a man's daily life. Thy friend shall be to thee a second self ! Misfortune shall not estrange thee from him Thou shalt do for his memory whatever thou wouldst do ! for him. . and hateth his brother. misfortune. in the darkness. Thou shalt hear much: Thou shalt act well ! shalt speak little: Thou Thou shalt forget injuries! Thou shalt render good for evil Thou shalt not misuse either thy strength or thy superiority X. But it is also the duty Masonry to assist in elevating the moral and intellectual level .'. that thereby thou mayest learn to know thyself! Thou shalt ever seek after virtue Thou shalt be just! Thou shalt avoid idleness But the great commandment of Masonry is this "A new commandment give I unto you that ye love one another He that ! ! ! ! : : ! saith he is in the light. ." of Such are the moral duties of a Mason.l8 MORALS AND DOGMA. It is in this.

From each translation. we should have Faith in the Justice and overruling Wisdom of God. and misreadings. ties. the submerged country will float to the surface and reappear. There It is no more sovereign eloquence than the truth more difficult for a people to keep than to gain indignation. if the people is fit to be free. the most . The Protests of Truth are always needed. perhaps the need has long gone by there are . profound. God makes visible to men His will in events an obscure text. which come to nations as well as to men. the right must protest against the fact. heroes obscure. full way their translations of it forthwith. which have their heroes. should struggle in the same manner. and Hope for the Future. and with the same bravery. Each party and believes or pretends that it has the only true each faction believes or pretends that it alone possesses the light. and Lovingkindness for those who . who aim straight.APPRENTICE. even in the darkness. the most calm. There is. Whatever occurs. and protest against the national wrongs and follies. . a party is born and from each misreading. their freedom. a . the Fact persists forever. incorof faults. striking skillfully. are in error. Moreover. 19 battle-fields. The most sagacious. He should meet them. hasty. while under the stress of necessity but when the necessity disappears. factions are blind men. and with all the violence that springs from false reasoning. in fact. see so short a Few minds comprehend along the arc of the great circle Men make We ! the Divine tongue. already twenty translations in the public square the most incorrect being. Continually. and Tyranny be adjudged by History to have murdered its victims. Reclamation of its rights is barred by no length of time. against those invasions of necessity and baseness. *rrors are excellent projectiles. faction. A people may endure military usurpation. Eternity in the Right. the most accepted and popular. rect. The protest of the Right against robbery of a people never becomes The prescriptive. and subjugated States kneel to States and wear the yoke. but someThe Mason times greater than those who become illustrious. written in a mysterious lan- guage. decipher the hieroglyphs slowly and when they arrive with their text. too. in Tyranny. as of course. If his country should be robbed of her liber- he should still not despair. wherever a want of logic . The Mason should be the Priest and Soldier of that Right. against usurpation and the is first inroads of that hydra. Warsaw can no more be Tartar than Venice can be Teutonic. text. foot to foot. omissions.

effect in the amelioration of finding its aim and Socrates should enter into . taken prisoners. who refused to bow to Flaminius. ity in Error. Wisdom is a sacred commuMorality is Faith in full bloom. who defend it is the right. . Masonry. Antaeus long resisted Hercules heads of the Hydra grew as fast as they were cut off. bring forth from the man of enjoyments. shoots over the. Then Philosophy becomes Religion. has eternal duties nion. in other words. These are the symbols of the tyrannv that eternal. and produce Marcus Aurelius. Masonry should be an energy mankind. It to say that Error. are the province of Philosophy. is absurd and dies amid her wounded. It will not die when the brains are out. Contemplation should lead to action. Masons should possess an equal great- ness of soul. like a defect in a cuirass. And Masonry. for the most part. . to the thirsty lips of men to give to all the true ideas of Deity to harmonize conscience and science. There were at Rome a few Carthaginian soldiers. Masonry must not bow to error. like History and Philosophy. only on that condition that it ceases to be a sterile love and becomes the one and supreme method by which to unite Humanity and arouse it to concerted action. makes them vulnerable. often be discomfited in combating and the . Nevertheless. Succeed or fail. Masonry should not be a mere watch-tower. Trimalcion as Legislator. and Bishop. and had a little of Hannibal's magnanimity. at the . We never know awaits our efforts generally at what moment success when most unexpected nor with \vhat effect our efforts are or are not to be attended. and as vigorous as ever. must duty. To hold the full cup of thought . and. and the absolute be practical the ideal be made air and food and drink to the human mind. ivrithes in pain. with no other result than to be a convenience for the curious. Truth conquers slowly. it is up again in a moment. which not cease to do its is Morality and Philosophy. There is a wondrous vitalworshippers. Tiberius as Emperor.shall error before the people. It is of Science. Adam. the man of wisdom. simple to oppose Caiaphas as Draco or Jefferies as Judge. Truth. built upon mystery.2O in those MORALS AND DOGMA. Therefore that we . and the most stupid and irrational errors . from which to gaze at ease upon the world. or succumb under discouragement. same time. are the longest-lived. heads of the masses or if an error is prostrated for a moment. indeed.

In the works published for the use of the Craft we are told that Mason's profession. are the causes of the decay and dilapidain prosperity. and the corruption that defiles and infests. patient under reverses.APPRENTICE. are the great objects of every good Mason. such a Republic exists. tion of nations. necessary to nations as to individuals. the four cardinal virtues. it must be bold. temperate in its councils. 21 degrades and crushes. and careful Circumspection. Masonry styles Temperance. They are as The people that would be Free and Independent. intemperance and luxury and disorder in and despair adversity. duty of Masons a sacred duty. ing her faith. like Rome when she sold the field at which Hannibal had his camp. it will be immortal for rash: ness. Let her Senate sit hi their seats until the Gauls pluck them by the She must. Prudence. neglected. expenses . not truckling to the strong and warring on or plundering the weak she must act on the square with all nations. courageous. must possess Sagacity. are Brotherly Love. Fortitude. and to seek to find and learn the Truth. . Forethought. that coldly Truth is a Divine attribute and the foundation of every virtue. be just. . and the feeblest tribes always keepbeard. be true. To As the Ancients did. To relieve the distressed is peculiarly the the three great tenets of a and Truth. upright in all her dealings. or or inefficiently complied with. Foresight. and Justice. No Cannae or Pharsalia or Pavia or Agincourt or Waterloo must discourage her. all which are included in the meaning of the word Prudence. its It must be temperate economical in its in asserting rights. undismayed by disasters. hopeful amid calamities. And it . brave. injustice. is true that a Brotherly affection and Relief. Whenever honest in her legislation. kindness should govern us in all our intercourse and relations with our brethren and a generous and liberal philanthropy actuate us in regard to all men. above all things. . It is also most true. not to be omitted.

IL THE FELLOW-CRAFT. often partial and one-sided. and lusts. successor of the Mysteries. image a mere subordinate conveyance for the conception. never became obvious or familiar. requiring research. but often more suggestive and more the make which itself . and constituting philosophy the arch-ex- shows. to interpret these symbols. also. There. the lectures. Masonry. or the logic of reason. he M . stones. animals. was of old conveyed by symbols and the priests invented or perpetuated a display of rites and exhibitions. The lectures are endeavors. Thus the knowledge now imparted by books and letters. appetites. IN the Ancient Orient. if it could not develop an adequate idea. The popular theology. of imaginary Deities with human feelings. The first. taking the multitude of allegories and symbols for realities. The Onion was sacred to the Egyptians. He who would become an accomplished Mason must not be ontent merely to hear. pounder. which were not only more attractive to the eye than words. degenerated into a worship of the celestial luminaries. taught to the initiated in the Mysteries. the loftier aspirations of the Spirit. Her ceremonies are like the ancient mystic not the reading of an essay. but the opening of a problem. still follows the ancient manner of teaching. passions. capable of many inter- reached what the palpable and conventional creed Its could not. it was taught The vagueness of symbolism. therefore. Of course the popular religion could not satisfy the deeper longings and thoughts. it indefmiteness acknowledged the abstruseness of the treated that mysterious subject mystically: it endeavsubject: ored to illustrate what it could not explain to excite an appropriate feeling. pregnant with meaning to the mind. or even to understand. and to . of idols. was by symbols pretations. all religion was more or less a mystery and there was no divorce from it of philosophy. because its different layers were a symbol of the concentric heavenly spheres. reptiles. Her symbols are the instruction she gives.

. It was but a development of the original purpose of the Mysteries. the fruits of social events. EQUALITY. and they having. Truths are the springs from which duties flow and it is but a few hundred years since a new Truth began to be distinctly seen that MAN IS SUPREME OVER INSTITUTIONS. interpret. Christianity taught the doctrine of FRATERNITY. and the ambitious imbecility of its fied improvers. marked out the and develop these symbols for Though Masonry is identical with the ancient Mysteries. the great practical end of all philosophy and all knowledge. as for him. It is rather a Roman palace of the middle ages. 2^ way ******** : it were.FELLOW-CRAFT. and especially by the religious systems of the countries which they were transplanted. himself. . and to those lawfully in authority. by continually inculcating obedience to Caesar. and a system that has experienced progressive alterations. laws. yet built on a Cyclopasan foundation laid by the Etrus- and with many a stone of the superstructure taken from dwellings and temples of the age of Hadrian and Antoninus. but no liberty. . aided by them. was the obligation of the everywhere and everywhere they were the heritage of the . who were nowhere willing to make the common people co-proprietors with themselves of philosophical truth. which was to teach men to know and practice their duties to themselves and their fellows. seems to us a very simple statement. but repudiated that of political EQUALITY. must. They are equality. the first apostle of EQUALITY. according to his development not he for them. everywhere. the ruins only of their grandeur. Masonry was cans. disfigured by modern architectural improvements. and claimed for man the three-fold heritage. study. political circumstances. it is so only in this qualified sense that it presents but an imperfect image of their brilliancy. In the Monastery there is frater- nity and Masonry added that also. one to which all men. After leaving Egypt. To maintain the established government. Man has natural empire over all institutions. not . the Mysteries were modiby the habits of the different nations among whom they were into introduced. But once it was a great new Truth. This for him. Masonry is not the Coliseum in ruins. and religion. and FRATERNITY. ought to assent. AND NOT THEY OVER HIM. Initiate priests. LIBERTY.

and the right of the people to select its rulers. and has an intellectual The best gift sympathy with the Deity Himself. Free Government. temporal and spiritual.24 MORALS AND DOGMA. musket. and holds in trust. the right of the French people even to make a Corsican General their Emperor. revealed until governments had been in existence for at least five thousand years. henceforth. he acknowledged was at the head of He pleaded. this first Truth became the Gospel of Anarchy. Free Thought. sustained Napoleon. that to set forth and develop human excellence of gift or growth. though Emperor. He owed it to his country to seek to give her freedom. Masonry a truth. Once revealed. which those who had parted with them or triotism had. soon after it was preached. It made Tyranny and Usurpation the enemies of the Human Race. its side It was a truth dropped into the world's wide treasury. and are falsehoods when misapplied. Man owed it to himself to be free. as Truths always become perverted into falsehoods. because. Masonry felt that this Truth had the Omnipotence of God on and that neither Pope nor Potentate could overcome it. Its symbols then came to have a wider meaning but it also assumed the mask of Stone-masonry. sabre. and borrowed its working-tools. and a nation refusing to receive back its old kings. Free Conscience. was born again with the restoration of order. Free Speech All these came to be inalienable rights. aided in bringing about the French Revolution. It . with and cannon. or maintain her in that possession. a ! been robbed of them. greater the spiritual glory of the race that whosoever aids the march of a Truth. The sphere of Duty was immensely enlarged. It is that . or whose ancestors had lost them. and so was supplied with new and apt symbols. we can bestow on man is manhood. and makes the thought a thing. had the right summarily to retake. entailed of nature to the end of time. And . and forming a part of the heritage which each generation receives. Pa- new and wider meaning. if it pleased them. . and recognized its own enlarged duties. and with Him who died upon the cross . the great cause of the People against Royalty. It created a general outlawry of Despots and Despotisms. enlarges. and of necessity bequeaths to mankind the personal estate of man. or any early recognized it as true. disappeared with the Girondists. Masonry early comprehended this Truth. it imposed new duties on men. writes in the same Hue with MOSES. is to make . Unfortunately.

consists of those all . that may be found in the writings of Confucius. The true religious philosophy of an imperfect being. which is the perfected Power. Familiarity with the grass and trees. therefore. which the religious sentiment init spires and ennobles. It realizes and unites all that one truly valuable in both the old schemes of mediation. another man informs us that this Soul has said to his. 25 which Masonry is ordained of God to bestow on its votaries not sectarianism and religious dogma not a rudirnental morality. The reading of these Scriptures is Science. an infinite search or approximation. of Education and Science 1 . The great Bible of God is ever open before mankind. It As which could not walk alone. the insects and the infusoria. while religion was sta- tionary. but. law of TRUTH. adapted to display the wisdom and power of the Great CreTheir lessons and demonstrations were obscure. and axioms into rules of Wisdom is is not Power. heroic. or the system of action of spiritual. The first Scriptures for the human race were written by God on the Earth and Heavens. supplied by what life-long conduct. as to the voice of the Eleusinian Hierophant. which is furnished by his actions and his Evidence to the contrary. " GALEN. and the Rabbis. Seneca. than we can glean from the writings of FENKLON and AUGUSTINE. nor less ator. Zoroaster. The purpose. and effort and the mystical theory " Listen to me. But knowledge itself and her Prime Minister is JUSTICE. Not that Philosophy or Science is in opposition to Religion. would weigh little against the former. teaches us deeper lessons of love and faith. Knowledge is convertible into power. For Philosophy is but that knowledge of God and the Soul. . It is God and the the intellectual guide which the religious sentiment needs. to Science. as SOCRATES thought. utility and duty." says contemplative communion. was matured inferences from experience other experience confirms. which is derived from observation of the manifested action of Soul. in the Proverbs and Ecclesiastes not a little and cheap common-school knowledge but manhood and science and phi: . . losophy. is not a system of creed. and believe that the study of Nature is a mystery no less important than theirs.FELLOW-CRAFT. but ours are clear and unmistakable." We deem that to be the best knowledge we can obtain of the Soul of another man. and from a wise analogy. intellectual Philosophy is that and moral progress.

in committing to memory names derived from ogy. . Military Commissions. and duties. in war or peace. and also to our charity. conchology. to make a man wise. able to assist others or his country. Ma- The wiser a man becomes. like To know even the meaning of the symbols. It is to add to your estate of wisdom. . wasted. for instance. the less will he be inclined to submit tamely to the imposition of fetters or a yoke. and is more conscious of his worth and dignity. in strict subordination to the civil power. the . unknown . If knowledge does not make him so. then. . and classifying and reclassifying and yet be no wiser than when he began. it is water poured on the sands. For. . by increase of wisdom he not only better knows his rights. impossible Romish juries. open to all alike. upon the same assertion. as to his rights. unless that adds to our wisdom. Political science has for its object to ascertain in what manner and by means of what institutions political and personal freedom may be secured and perpetuated not license. not lose sight.26 is MORALS AND DOGMA. and not merely to your knowledge. but the more highly values them. To know the formulas of is of as little value. But mere knowledge makes no one independent. He becomes better able to assert it also and better . A man may spend a lifetime in studying a botany. or entomolsingle specialty of knowledge. which is to justice like one hemisphere of the brain to the other. even existence. It often only makes him a more useful slave. when they or she stake all. Liberty is a curse to the ignorant and brutal. nor fits him to be free. the Greek. is but little. Star-Chambers. of the true object of your studies in Masonry. alike free of the despotism of monarch and mob and freedom of action within the limits of the general law prelate enacted for all the Courts of Justice. with impartial Judges and : . as to know so many words Masonry. arbitrary arrests for acts not known to the law as crimes. weakness and poverty equally potent in those Courts as power and wealth the avenues to office and honor open alike to all the worthy the military powers. or the mere right of every man to vote. His pride then urges him to assert his independence. by itself. that sonry seeks to teach her Initiates. Do concerns a man. on his conscience or his person. and sentences in some barbarous African or Australasian dialect. interests. Inquisitions. It is the great truths as to all that most . but entire and absolute freedom of thought and opinion.

when young girls. . of the selfish Bourbon kings to those times when the peasants were robbed and slaughtered by their own lords and princes. can help. She need only point to the centuries of calamity through which the gay French nation passed to the long oppression of the feudal ages. might turn over the pages. 2/ all the right public officers. naked feet. into the great yawning gulf that opened to leaping. a Force and a Power and shame upon if it did not exert itself. hardly more than reign children. It will not forget that noble allegory of Curtius in armor. as she rose from the adulterous bed. he who effect its great purposes. Caligula and Domitian. It would be enough to point to the would not even need that she should : turn back the pages of history to the chapters written by Tacitus that she should recite the incredible horrors of despotism under Commodus. and the people were is but beasts of burden. customs. were kidnapped to serve his lusts when lettres de cachet . like sheep when the lord claimed the firstfruits of the peasant's marriage-bed when the captured city was given up to merciless rape and massacre when the State-prisons groaned with innocent victims. Bartholomew. Not labors strenuously to help his Order that the Order can effect them by It also is . with husbands were in the way of the pleasures of lascivious wives and of . one on each side of Madame du Barry. means of military. wearing orders of nobility when the people were ground between the upper and the nether millstone of taxes. The itself. but that It is too. and excises and when the Pope's Nuncio and the Cardinal de la Roche-Ayman. devoutly kneeling. suffering and toil Then. ments. and sang Te Deums for the crowning mercy of the Eve of St. We filled who the Bastile with persons accused of no crime. and if need be. civil and .FELLOW-CRAFT. . all . the king's abandoned prostitute. to a later chapter. indeed. . as Abraham was ready to offer up Isaac on the altar of sacrifice. sacrifice its children in the cause of humanity. If instruction within reach of the children of . put the slippers on her villains . . were the two forms of man. one of God's instruit. true Mason it. of Free Speech and accountability of all Masonry needed on to be justified for imposing political as well as moral duties its Initiates. and the Church blessed the banners of pitiless murderers. Vitellius and Maximin. it sad history of the world. Caracalla and . that of the of the Fifteenth Louis.

merciful. or vicious and ill-tempered. swallow Rome. and all the brigandages of chance in the forest of an interruption of civilization birth in the hereditary tyrannies . We believe that the soul of another is of a certain nature and possesses certain qualities. the prosperity of tyrants and the murder of martyrs. a rivalry of nations with the armed hand. that she is virtuous and amiable. It shall not be its fault if the day never comes when man will no longer have to fear a conquest. and everywhere Freedom. that even in the ordinary affairs of life we are necessary governed far more by what we believe than by what we know. from the countenance alone. just. . like stars light. We believe that occurrences have taken place. depending on a marriage-royal. The "Age of Reason" of the French Revolution taught.28 MORALS AND DOGMA. We believe that one will acts upon . Woe to him who believes nothing! We A Faith is a necessity to man. an invasion. supreme over all. meeting head to head. without the means of knowing. spoliation. like two goats of darkness on the bridge of the Infinite when they will no longer have to fear famine. There we must revere and believe. or a a partition of the peoples by a a dismemberment by the downfall of a dynasty. by FAITH and ANALOGY. and caring for the minutest things and events. what a folly it is to enthrone Reason by itself as supreme.s In your studies a Fellow-Craft you must be guided by REA- SON. an Intelligence and a Providence. justice supreme. the miseries of the deserving. : events: when about the nations will gravitate about the Truth. LOVE and FAITH. we know. It will TRY. than by REASON. bat of two religions. that he is generous and honest. to say. Notwithstanding the calamities of the virtuous. do not now discuss the differences between Reason and But it is Faith. from little more than a glimpse of it. prostitution from distress. and loving God. misery from lack of work. a comCongress. and with wisdom and will reign crowned with the on either hand. a usurpation. we must believe there is a wise. cinctured with celestial splendors. Reason is at fault when it deals with the Infinite. whom we never saw. without clashing or collision stars. . upon the assertion of others. or penurious and knavish. each in its own orbit. and undertake to define the domain of each. upon the belief that he is honest and trustworthy. We venture our fortune on the signature of a man on the other side of the world.

either in writing or by word of Palfurius Sura. His Free- dom consists as much in his faith uncontrolled by power. one should address him otherwise. accusing those who refused to recognize his divinity. Domitian claimed to be the Lord God and . man's Faith is as much his own as his Reason A is. however much he may have believed in that divinity. if Gabriel dictated the not the right to require a Pagan to believe that Koran to the Prophet. that at which the sense of right revolts. Greece had not the right to require Cicero or Socrates to believe in the absurd mythology of the vulgar. malignant. to all of which a morality too ascetic. Reason cannot explain. and would make Him revengeful. as to any tenet of faith. and extreme political principles. statues and images of him. and persecution. were found throughout the known world. began his letters thus: that it should be done so and so. in morals or in political Love or loving-kindness must keep it company. intolerance. or unjust. All the Imaums of Mo- being free as in his will being All the Priests and Augurs of Rome or hammedanism have that ever lived. and in the reality of a multitude of other phenomena. invariably Reason science. the philosopher. 29 another. who was his chief delator. But we ought not to believe what Reason authoritatively denies. Each man must necessarily have the right to judge of their truth for himself. *He claimed to be regarded as the God of all men and. every religion and the truth of all inspired writings depend on human testimony and internal evidences. No man or body of men can be infallible. Except to those who first receive it. to exdude fanaticism. in silver and gold. because no one man can have any higher or better right to judge than another of equal in- formation and intelligence. cruel. had not the right to mouth. or that which degrades the character of the Deity. All the Brahmin? in assembled one conclave like the Cardinals. is far from being the only guide." and formally decreed that no . demand that a single Christian in Rome or the provinces should do the same. or at issue with experience or science. . to be judged of by Reason and the wise analogies of Faith. and authorized to decide what other men shall believe. that which is absurd or that self-contradictory. could not gain a right to compel a single human being to believe in the Hindu Cosmogony. according to " Our Lord and God commands Suetonius.FELLOW-CRAFT.

3O lead. fellows and by reverses. The Cromwells and Napoleons come later. to cultivate the intellect of those intellect who elect. The unruliest of men bend before the leader that has the sense to see and the will to do. It is GENIUS that gets Power. whose altars have been on all the high places and in all the sacred groves. and without it. uneducated. except after dissolution and new birth. and answer it with the their solid reflecting Truth. for legislation . . Enthusiasm is generally unreasoning. is the only mode of securing ruled by the great spirits. At its glance fall down the senseless idols. Its single Yea or Nay revokes wrongs of ages. Development is symbolized by the use of the Mallet and Chisel . Force and Wisdom. and Love and Faith. and our discouraged ardor cooled by obstacles. and the semi-respectabilities of intellect. the people. or TELL. . Genius is the Sun of the political sphere. Force comes more from Faith and Love: and it is by the aid of these that man scales the loftiest heights of morality. or becomes Reason must hold the the Saviour and Redeemer of a People. MORALS AND DOGMA. unenergetic nation but in a free country. the Long Parliaments. and is heard among the future generations. They are the wings of the soul. and in our we shall be easily . because its wisdom is immense. cuts asunder with its word the huge knots. Its power is immense. or We must also have faith in ourselves. life. Dishonesty and im- becility stand abashed before it. It is Genius that rules with God-like Power that unveils. We must not listen to Reason alone. If the Deity had been merely and only All-wise and All-mighty. of the individual and the people. the hidden human mysteries. OESAR. its ministers. After Marius and Sulla and Cicero the rhetorician. Genius may place itself at the head of an unintellectual. ****** He would never have created the Universe. the development of the energies and intellect. with its counsellors. helm but these supply the motive power. or any other of the great patriots whose names are immortal. and builds up with its word the crumbled ruins. the and genius for rulers. The world is seldom Robespierres and Marats. and its prime lieutenants are FORCE and WISDOM. too often hold the reins of power. are the orbs that carry its light into darkness. The great intellect is often too sharp for the granite of Legislators may be very ordinary men. there would have been no RIENZI. In periods of transition and convulsion. or SYDNEY.

it will sweep like a spring-tide to the popular heart. the national life is short. is The power prehend Force in the physical sense.ut the final issue of a million of the purse or the sword. own. and dissolves at a breath. the great cable falls down and snaps at last. or Loyola. . Then political public life will protect all men from self-abasement in sensual pursuits. held direct from God. before it. without Genius and Intellect to govern. knotted with Love. It does not need a subject like that of Peter the Hermit. or the invisible chain that binds the ranks of mankind together. from vulgar acts and bition of just imperial rule. Constitutions and Laws. will endure. the homage This power. may mean slavery. If the stream be but bright and strong. this . by the incapables. The other injures both. low greed.FELLOW-CRAFT. lies Not It is in word only. rude as it is. or merely respectables. or Luther. The mastery of the only conquest worth having. If the people comspirit. have come to nought. It deference to the eminent human judgment. Influence of man over man is a law of nature. you may have agrapoor But a man's intellect is all his rian laws. and honorable and intelligent allegiance from those below. In that case they have the dry-rot and the life dies out of them by degrees. whether it be by a great estate in land or in intellect. is the golden chain let down into the well of Truth. To mode give a nation the franchise of the Intellect is the only sure This will compel exertion and of perpetuating freedom. But this dimly resembles the dominion of the Creator. The free country. will not prevent decay. and equal partition. an inalienable fief. very ordinary work minds. it 3" 1 s . like the revolving spheres above. by giving the noble am- To elevate the people by teaching loving-kindness and wisdom. ! erence the intellectual They fall prostrate mind over mind is how much more do they revAsk Hildebrand. to but in intellectual act the Invisible. in which intellect and genius govern. as before an idol. the fascination. generous care for the people from those on the higher seats. All the nations that have tried to govern themselves by their smallest. Where they and other influences govern. is b. compared to that of the and contemptible. serve. It is the most potent of weapons in the hands of a paladin. a Society hangs spirit- ually together. As to lands. with power to him who teaches best and so to develop the free State from the rough ashlar.

Wars They create tyrants. The magnificent tyrants of the past are but the types of those of the future. rebel. When the nation feels its feet sliding backward. its sanctuaries might for the people to worship God in their ow'n way. necessity. legislation and administration become but two parallel series of errors and blunders. dynasties so established endure. the time has come for a supreme effort. and ends with lunatics and idiots. Light is Virtue. the must not be partitioned among men. the sleeping human indoignorance. as if it walked on the ice. or die . ending in war. For the individual as well as the nation. as well as by the outward blows of the incoherent elements. The furious 'ence. the partners. "I am soul. the Stuarts. The worship- . the great labor in which Masonry desires to lend a helping hand. and the State. lands. believe as they will. and he must control that. And Rome. the Spaniards. and consolidate evil counsels. is always in danger of re- lapsing into servitude. of the Caliphs. the rivalry of human castes. are stamped with the royal brand. who still rule. The State fan's inwardly. calamity. until the race wears out. Intelligence. Manliness. The tyrant's plea. Men and nations will always sell themselves into slavery. Duty and Honor. There is no ccnoord among men. and I can fake them if I n'ili" . They spring." said Louis the Fourteenth to his peasants "the very shirts on your backs arc mine. is darkness. All of us should labor in building up the great monument of a Holy House of the Temple. their power. for the most part. all they have. man. the stolid s human passions. like that of the Caesars of of the Caesars of Constantinople. the necessity of providing for his safety makes him is IndeReligion is a power. are almost always fatal to Republics. itual despotisms revive. Then it becomes unlawful pendent. becoming the exclusive property of some. the Valois. always available and the tyrant once in power. if Men must believe as Power wills. from When the small and the base are intrusted with power. like the freest Tyranny over the soul or body. to end the horrible bondage. and even they may houses. . the Goths. like the common crafts. to gratify their passions and obtain revenge. and the old spirsavage. ALL are apprenticed to Masonry is a march and a struggle toward the Light. The cardinal virtues nation. and the necessity for a tyrant. body.32 is MORALS AND DOGMA. The freest people. are human good for the kings as the swords of the Paladins. Liberty.

the universal effort than any other human property. It has no for its single shrine or holy well of pilgrimage for the nation . followed by helpless exhaustion. . Liberty is not only the common birth-right. It is neither cast down by calamity nor elated by success. and also to act tions are its own. like the individual human faculties and like the forest-trees. in the visible mutual reliance. in all the strength of unity. of forbearance. that in a few days he may fall lower than before. But free government grows slowly. waters should burst out freely from the whole soil. from the inner heart : . It depends far more on outward. the Church and the Throne mutually sustaining each other.FELLOW-CRAFT. is not difficult in any land that has only known one its childhood but there is no harder problem than and perpetuate free government by the people themselves for it is not one king that is needed all must be kings. . like the healthful physical only acquired by continual exercise of all the human vigor. Civil ****** worm . the free people stand erect before self-reliance. The in the : for itself. of patience. They will smother schism and reap infidelity and indifference and while the battle for freedom goes on around them. This vast power of endurance. free popular power is one that is only known in its strength hour of adversity for all its trials. on down the puddled stream of Time. like the indi- vidual moral vigor. A people content with the thoughts made for them by the priests of a church will be content with Royalty by Divine Right. with effrontery against all but hand of God. sacrifices and expectaIt is trained to think for itself. and of performance. of frenzy. . they will only sink the more apathetically into servitude and a deep trance. When the enslaved people prostrate themselves in the dust before the hurricane. perhaps occasionally interrupted by furious fits Despotism master from to perfect . in it. is functions. 33 pers have all bowed so long to the old idol. but it is lost as well by non-user as by mis-user. until the its has consumed and religious Freedom must go hand in hand and Persecution matures them both. And so the effete State floats tempest or the tidal sea discovers that the strength. that they cannot go into the streets and choose another Grand Llama. It is easy to set up Masaniello. like the alarmed beasts of the field. and it crumbles into oblivion.

when Rome lost her freedom. is . or in what are called GEOMETRY and TRIGONOMETRY. . degree of latitude and so established a scale of measures on an immutable basis that has for its . that the distance of Jupiter or Sirius from the earth is ascertained and though there is a triangle still more vast. by which shipwreck and calamity to mariners are avoided. and whose mysteries are found everywhere in the Ancient religions. with and past the horizon into immensity. It is stated in the statutes of sheriff should riots Edward II. immensity equalling immensity . or figures with three sides or angles. * * * * * * the Compasses and Scale. two words that are themselves deficient With said to signify. though it is by means of the immense triangle base a line drawn in imagination between the place of the earth its now and its place six months hence in space. The latter is by far the most in meaning. its base extending either way from us. in most Lodges is means measurement of land or the earth or Surveying. and for apex a planet or star. And the maxim is no less true than old. . that eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. not sufficiently expressed by either the word " Geometry" or the word "Trigonometry. It is curious to observe the universal pretext by which the tyrants of all times take away the national liberties. to which Pythagoras attached so much importance. Logarithms. GEOMETRY. and its apex infinitely distant above us to which corresponds a similar infinite triangle below what is above equalling what is below. long before for the suppression of popular election of the bishops and there is a witness to this untruth in the yet older times. and her indignant citizens declared that tumultuous liberty is better than disgraceful tranquillity. yet the Science of Numbers. we can trace all the figures used in the mathematics of planes. with Arith- and also with Algebra.34 MORALS AND DOGMA. and TRIGONOMETRY. and of coasts." For metic. on account of the and dissensions which had arisen." for the science intended to be expressed by the Neither is of a meaning sufficiently wide : for although the vast surveys of great spaces of the earth's surface. the measurement of triangles. which the appropriate name word "Geometry. that the justices and the no longer be elected by the people. the Integral and Differ- . and most of all in the Kabalah and in the Bible. The same reason was given . are effected by means of triangulation though it was by the same method that the French astronomers measured a . letter G. that science includes these.

on . in general. On the other hand. the Mahometan. except for the purpose of being realized in practice. and yet who are the ethically Infidels. When the Demagogue becomes a Usurper it does not follow that he was all the time a hypocrite. but not for the Tightness of it. A Men who believe in eternal damnation and a literal sea of fire and brimstone. ential Calculus. so are ethical believers the most worthy. as these are ethically of the Profane. He who does right is better than he who thinks right. in the strictest sense: intellectual believers. one speaks ill of another behind his back and so . than systematic hypocrisy. in the Orient. . two are harmoniously blended. But you must not act upon the hypothesis that all men are hypocrites. * * * * * but heroic bravery. 35 problems of * and by means of it are worked out the great Astronomy or the Laws of the Stars. as there are many Masons who have never undergone initiation and as ethics . worthless. is far more honest and trustworthy than the Christian. In Masonry. or weakness. Devout enthusiasm is far easier than a good action. to do the thing thought to be true. but practical atheists: men who will write you "Evidences. There are men who dialectically are Christians. are the end and purpose of religion. owing to the strength. that creed has. for no task is more difficult. Man is accountable for the />rightness of his is Virtue in spite of all doctrine. Shallow men only so judge of others. there are many dialectical skeptics. In every credo. Gospel of Love in the mouth. at the least flow of passion.FELLOW-CRAFT. As a general thing. that of party. in despite of all temp^ations or menaces. enemies of flesh or spirit. but cannot carry out the Christian or Masonic doctrine. No vice is more rare. incur the certainty of it. religious or political as in the soul of man. as there are a multitude who dialectically are Masons. very little influence on on that of the individual in politics. according to their creed. Predestination insists on the necessity of good works. The end of thought is action the sole purpose of Religion is an Ethic. the conduct in religion. . is an Avatar of Persecution in the heart. that a perfect discipline is evolved. the Dialectic and the Ethic and it is only when is . is. whose conduct does not square with their sentiments. in political science." in perfect faith in their logic. there are two regions. but ethical believers. on the slightest temptation of appetite or passion. The truth . Theory. of the flesh.

and not by faith only. he is thorship nature. under the fifth rib. or wander from it through want of the logical faculty. or strike him. The rule may a choice to be made. far from the "Brotherhood" of Blue Masonry being real. Shrink from the true theory through timidity. for he beholdeth himself. and the solemn pledges contained in the use of the word ''Brother" being complied with. . tremble. While you are still engaged in preparation. laws that offend against first and abdicaprinciples. intelligible theory. but a doer of the work. deceiveth his it own heart. and goeth away. and you have denial or invasion of rights. is vain. or abnegation tion of legitimate authority. which scorns to interfere in worldly matters. do not forget the words of the Apostle James "For if any be a hearer of the word. and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was but whoso looketh into the perfect law of like unto a . In political science. . and continueth. If any man among you seem to be religious. . extraordinary pains are taken to show that Masonry is a sort of abstraction. no sound conclusion is to be reached except by carrying the theory out without flinching. Upon whatever theory they are based." A ***** upon some simple and . As the body without the heart is dead. this man shall be blessed in his work. as Joab did Abner. and fied by works. . . or transgress against it through passion or on the plea of necessity or expediency. but liberty.. both in argument on constitutional questions and in practice. Another will call one "Brother. usurpation of illegal powers. so is faith hath not works. Faith. One will take an oath to oppose any unlawful usurpation of power. in and business. free governments are erected and free constitutions framed. and in accumulating principles for future use.36 MORALS AND DOGMA. where there is Mason will give his vote and influence. he being not a forgetful hearer. without works. The devils believe.. that. being an abstraction. also. and not a doer. . if man is justidead. : man beholding his natural face in a glass. a politics be regarded as universal. and then become the ready and even eager instrument of a usurper. and bridleth not his tongue. Masonry does not change human and cannot make honest men out of born knaves. to the less qualified profane in preference to Mason. with a lie whose authe better qualified is not to be traced." and then play toward him the part of Judas Iscariot. this is man's religion .

so simple as to be rarely comprehended. whether of religion. There is as little sympathy between the mass and the highest TRUTHS. will be a great unreality and falsehood to an unintellectual man. When ideal truth or To impose BURKE. The popular explanations of the symbols of Masonry are fitting for the multitude that have swarmed into the Temples. or of whatever else. has been a truth for the time. 37 Do and self-conceited stress of not forget. morals. so the highest truth is When SOLON was laws. asked if he had given his countrymen the best "The best they are capable of receiving. and whom it receives. impudent will almost always be preferred. too. It means this. and have led them into the clearer paths of knowledge in the Past. with great men. that all truths are Truths of Period. as the highest man is. because he is nearer the common popular and legislative level. and to find place in this world. as it is capable of comprehending. is not acceptable to the mass of mankind. one of the profoundest utterances on record only its idols. It contains the whole philosophy of History. So. The laws of sympathy govern in this as they do in regard to men who are put at the head. either. and largely above his level. large intellect. superficial. must ever be a vain and empty speculation. being fully up to the level . he answered. government. and catholic sympathies. There have always been men too great for their time or their people.FELLOW-CRAFT. rose to speak. would have saved men an immensity of vain. It utters a truth which. to the man of solid learning. the mass have as little sympathy as they have with the stars. idle disputes. This and yet like all great truths. that as the showy. Every people makes such men . the wisest statesman England ever had. the House of Commons was depopulated as upon an agreed signal. We do not know." . and as good as men were capable of receiving. insist on in a leader. The highest truth. what qualifications the sheep With men who are too high intellectually. had it been recognized. and not truths for eternity that whatever great fact has had strength and vitality enough to make itself real. The profoundest doctrines of Christianity and Philosophy would be mere jargon and babble to a Potawatomie Indian. that of the great men whom Providence gives it. law upon an incapable and merely real man. being incomprehensible to the man of realities. even in utmost danger and calamity of the State. as yet. The intellect and capacity of a people has a single measure.

but to ask from any large number of men on any point of political faith is amazing. Catholicism was a vital truth in its earliest ages. and Protestantism arose. sober ignorance. like dust . The . every wind of Heaven strikes into his blood the coldness of death his soul floats . forbidden us to explore the hidden depths. on the wheel. when others have attained a higher truth. The subtle mists over even the clearest vision. own behold him. in the long passage ? vainly do we strain the eyes across the long Infinite must be con- How How ! We tent. like the birds. Humility moment of life. you can rarely get one to agree with himself. Do them not expect easily to convince to think aright. creature of a span. and not persecuted. Each was a GOSPEL. Arabs of his age. stalking through all ! infinite space in the grandeur of littleness Perched on a speck of the Universe. and deteriorated. They are to be pitied for it. away from his body like the melody from the string. through a labyrinth of worlds. political church which chances to be supreme anywhere has an indefinite number of tongues. it is their misfortune and not their fault. Each was Truth for the time. or to lead human intellect can weave its Remember that it is eccentric it enough to ask unanimity from a jury. and all the creations of God are flaming on every side. preached by a REFORMER. to mock at his fellow. You can hardly get two men in any Congress or Convention to agree nay. to deny his own flesh. Take some quiet. Fellow-Craft is especially taught by this not to become wise in his Pride in unsound theories is worse than becomes a Mason. The doctrines of ZOROASTER were the best which the ancient Persians were fitted to receive. those of CONFUCIUS were fitted for the Chinese those of MOHAMMED for the idolatrous .3# MORALS AND DOGMA. and add together the two ideas of Pride and Man conceit. since it is The with the pebbles that have been stranded. of their capacity. How then can we expect men to agree as to matters beyond the cognizance of the senses? How can we compass the Infinite and the Invisible with any chain of evidence? ! Ask the small sea-waves what they murmur among the pebbles many of those words that come from the invisible shore are lost. he is rolled along the heavens. and if any men are so little fortunate as to remain content therewith. flourished. sprung with him from that dust Day and night. . as the children are. men of the truth. but it became obsolete. Is this a creature to make for himself a crown of glory. further than even his imagination can reach.

in the sphere of a legislator. an additional sense and among the vast and noble scenes of nature. Intellect. we find the . He whom God has gifted with a love of retirement possesses. also. will make him eschew the inuVery little praiseworthy would LORD tility of the hermitage. can he escape the common grave ? Pride is not the heriHumility should dwell with frailty. BOLINGBROKE have seemed among his haymakers and ploughmen. in geography. is he free from pain ? Do the diseases not claim him as their prey ? When he dies. does he never succumb to the temptations of pleasure ? When he lives. Neither should the Mason be over-anxious for office and honor. when it is the shade whence the oracles issue that are to instruct mankind. chemistry. It is good to it is better to submit without a . The very philosophy which makes such a man covet the quiet. if it prohibit only it more noble is only dignified and noble. if among haymakers and ploughmen he had looked with an indifferent eye upon a profligate minister and a venal Parliament. in proportion as it is the less a morbid selfishness. Very little interest would have attached to his beans and vetches. Things are symbols of Truths. all care for re-entering that of a Remember. - There are ethical lessons in the laws of the heavenly bodies. the is Retirement . and all the material sciences. is But Resignation passive. as it were. pang light. and retirement of this nature is the sole seclusion which a good exertions for others as and wise man will covet or commend. The greatest deeds are not done in the glare of and before the eyes of the populace. that there is an education which quickens the and leaves the heart hollower or harder than before. bailiff.FELLOW-CRAFT. tage of man. geology. . balm for the wounds we have received among the policy from the . pitiful shifts of for the attachment to solitude ills is the surest preservative of life. error. to their loss. and made him forego. and imperfection. is he difficulties ? never stopped short by When he acts. He enjoy the blessings of fortune should neither seek nor spurn honors. in the properties of earthly elements. to 39 which both will soon return? Does the proud man not err? Does he not suffer? Does he not die? When he reasons. however certainly he may feel that he has the capacity to serve the State. if beans and vetches had caused him to forget that if he was happier on a farm he could be more useful in a Senate. and atone for ignorance.

It blossoming in falsehood. and all the other devilish enginery of Mammon. are the is two columns at the entrance to the latter. and make the The two greeds man unclean cover all . And when a king is a king give tone to the manners and example of virtuous conduct. Education begins with the burning of our intellectual and moral idols our prejudices. and fraud. begins from the burning of the false gods by the people themselves. it is said. trickery. Men live. At all events they are twins. Especially it is necessary to : shake off the love of worldly gain. and fitly mated and as either gains control of the unfortunate subject. notions. or of the names of bugs or butterflies. and greed for office. Science. and . not teaching moral little more real value than and to spiritual truths. office to morals of a nation to set the . a hundred years in a hundred months the ledger becomes the Bible. Temple of Moloch. doubtful whether the at last dies out." Work only can keep even kings respectable. Lawful . his soul withers away and decays. The souls of half the human race leave them long before they die. conceits. is not even more pernicious than the former. it is an honorable . The gambler grows old as he watches the chances. hazard drives Youth away before its time and this Youth draws heavy bills of exchange on Age.MORALS AND DOGMA. running. from his head even to his heart becomes unclean with it. This. and restore in spirit the old schools of chivalry. in which the young indeed. rising. rosy. speculations that coin a nation's agonies into wealth. * * * foot. Hence flow overreachings and sharp which the capitalist practice." Even the * him that hath raw flesh of * the the * Alexander of Macedon has left a saying behind him which has survived his conquests: "Nothing is nobler than Work. is dead and dry. and the day-book the Book of the Morning . The lust for wealth and the abject dread of poverty delve the furrows on many a noble brow. at high pressure. like the engines. are twin plagues of the lepand whenever they break out they spread until "they the skin of plague. In that race men are ever falling. of commit to the memory a long row of unconnected dates. and falling again. Christianity. our worthless or ignoble purposes. Properties are symbols of Truths. With Freedom comes the longing for worldly advancement. heartless traffic in lives buys profit with the of the laborers. Prayer.

: carry terrestrial perfumes into the azure depths. Nothing is really small. then. breaking the egg and it leads forward the birth of an earth-worm and the advent of a Socrates. without knowing what it does with them night distributes the stellar essence to the . from sun is no scorn all need each other. combined. the and contemplation falls into unfathomable ecstacies the decompositions of forces resulting in unity. of thought view of all All works for all. Whoever is open to the deep penetration of nature knows this. to grub. . espoused. but regeneration. work. no absolute satisfaction may be vouchsafed to philosophy. The rest that fol- lows labor should be sweeter than the rest which follows rest. to the idea of real Work and wages most royal institutions. then. fleshabysses of beginning. Light does not . Germination includes the hatching of a meteor.FELLOW-CRAFT. Elements and principles are mingled. do we know that the creaby the fall of grains of sand? understands the reciprocal flow and ebb of the infiWho. 4! manhood may be nurtured will to real greatness. Every bird which flies has the thread of the sleeping plants. multiplied one by another. Although. Where the telescope ends the microscope begins. can calcuthe rose. . the grander view? nebula is an ant-hill of A bit of mould is a Pleiad of flowers a stars. A . Let no Fellow-Craft imagine that the work of the lowly and There is no legal limit to good deed or a wise word or a generous effort. Which of them . the possible influences of a scribing the cause than in limiting the effect. and the tap of a swallow's bill. Phenomena are perpetually . nitely great and the infinitely small the echoing of causes in the late the path of the molecule? How tions of worlds are not determined . There are marvellous relations be. in the We go together must ever come in men's minds. Destruction is not annihilation. Who. Infinite in its claw. and the avalanches of creation? worm is of account the small is great the great is small all is in equilibrium in necessity. There is the same and a still more wonderful interpenetration between the things of the intellect and the things of matter. indeed. any more in circumuninfluential is not worth the doing. to such a degree as to bring the material world and the moral world into the same light. there tween beings and things in this inexhaustible Whole. in man Algebra applies to the clouds the radiance of the star benefits no thinker would dare to say that the perfume of the hawthorn is useless to the constellations.

enveloping the invisible mystery of the emanations. An unskillful workman repairs the compass. the small worm that destroys the cotton-boll. be caused by the vote of . In the vast cosmical changes the in folded back upon themselves. to the whirlmechanism made of ings of the infusoria in the drop of water. unfaithful smith. universal all in life comes and goes unknown quantities. A civil war in America will end shaking the world and that war may some ignorant prize-fighter or crazed fanatic in a city or in a ConThe gress. the career of his world-conquering rider ends. What we call accident is but the adamantine chain of indissoluble it. The locust. or thickness. reducing everything to the Soul-atom. ing the and the in fate of nations depends more on them than on the intel- lect of its kings and legislators. oscillating. . The MYSELF. and so enables the kings to imprison Napoleon on a barren rock in mid-ocean. making everything blossom into God. A generous end his . breadth. . hatched in the Arabian sands. and a new chapter is written in the history of a world. the waves swallow a Caesar. and an element of Thought. in the obscurity of a dizzying mechanism hanging the flight of an insect upon the movement of the earth . disarranges the ship mistakes her course. A mind. from no solving all save that point without length. losing no single sleep. dis. and winding in curves making a force of Light. by the slovenly shoeing of a horse.42 MORALS AND DOGMA. and. with riots and massacres. the zodiac. one making famine in the Orient. are as much the ministers of God as the earthquake. and the destinies of empires are officer permits an imprisoned monarch to of chess before leading him to the block and meangame while the usurper dies. or of some stupid boor in an obscure country parish. the other closing the mills and starv- connection between all workmen and their children in the Occident. or malice or stupidity An changed. first motor of which is the gnat. enables him to reach Waterloo in time to save Wellington from a defeat that would have been a . disseminated and indivisible. the other being impassable for artillery. crumbling a star there. causes his lameness. perhaps. and the prisoner reascends the throne. subordinating. entangling all activities. he stumbling. guiding Bliicher rout by the right one of two roads. from the highest to the lowest. if only by the identity of the law. dream sowing an animalcule here. and its last wheel the A peasant-boy. created things. the eccentric evolutions of the comet in the firmament.

the State begins. throughout all the ages. in change and revolutions. Each sovereignty parts with a certain portion of itself to form the common right. More or less. yet ! * * * * * * the political point of view there is but a single principle. and Rousseau uttered words that will ring. electricity of universal 43 sympathy. Voltaire. pretended to ascertain the law of proportion between cause and effect. to the human judgment to have The unconsidered act of the poorest of men may fire the train that leads to the subterranean mine. The power . This protection of . and therefore can lift up their myriad arms for a single blow. and seemingly an unimportant individual a terrible and truthful power for such a people feel with one heart. the deed fitly done. and an empire be rent by the explosion. protection of all.. each by all. there is no graduated scale for the measurement of the influences of different intellects upon the popular mind. smiting down an insolent official. FRATERNITY. cannot help but have their effect. the sovereignty of man over himself. with his sermons. are immortal and that no calculus has yet . and what has been done seem been without result. The echoes est deeds may die away like the echoes of a cry among of the greatthe cliffs. Thought and the influences we do or say. worked greater results than Alexander or Hannibal. again. even by the feeblest or humblest.FELLOW-CRAFT. same ereignty. Condorcet. pervades everything. is EQUALITY. the planets and the motes in the sunbeam. Peter the Hermit held no what a work he wrought office. Where two or several of From these sovereignties associate. The hammer of an English blacksmith. silly song did more to unseat James the Second than the acquittal of the Bishops. of action and reaction. of a free people is often at the disposal of a single . The common right is nothing more or less than the for all. single thought sometimes A overturn a dynasty.. This sovereignty of one's self over one's self is called LIBERTY. led to a rebellion lution. that though life is short. is pouring its rays on each. or LUTHER. FAUST. But in this association there is no abdication. which came near being a revo- well spoken. That portion is the There is equal contribution by all to the joint sovThis identity of concession which each makes to all. suffices to A of what Remember. The word is the effect inevitable and eternal. And. with his types.

Democratic Government undoubtedly has its defects. emasculating each other. But its habitual domestic rule is tolerant. and indecisive. gratuitous and obligatory instruction. first to differ. rights. solution: these are the means of attaining truth. Liberty can play the fool like the Tyrants. We may well sit on the pavement together here. Men are brought together. to it. The primary school obligatory upon all the higher school offered to all. . In the Legislative office deliberation will often defeat decision. We do not see and estimate the relative importance as of objects so easily and clearly from the level or the waving land from the elevation of a lone peak. it A is Affirmation. a neighborhood of jealousies. discussion. and the sturdiest rebel trembles. is the law. Equality has an organ. a society of big spears of grass and stunted oaks. Equality the base. because made and administered by men. all votes having equal weight. The adjustment of mutual rights and wrongs is also more difficult in democracies. all consciences having equal civilly. religiously. It cannot be concise and sharp. and all returns society. Refined society requires greater minuteness of regulation and the steps of all advancing States are more and more to be picked . life. ! From Light the ! Instruction all same school for all springs equal comes from Light. Often the enemy will be at the gates before the babble of the disturbers is drowned in the chorus of consent. must look at for what Fortune has given to them with her blind old eyes. and then to agree.44 Liberty is MORALS AND DOGMA. be wise and do any good work. must begin with the right to the alphabet. . Such We . We must learn the thoughts of the common people. When its ire is aroused it develops its latent strength. not so much if been made of them. negation. all . the Lodge: we shall profess to be equal in a Church and in be equal in the sight of God when He judges for the We the earth. the summit. It is vegetation on a aptitudes having equal opportunity politically. in comfew brief moments that constitute munion and conference. among the old rubbish and the new materials. The difficulty lies in discovering the right path through the chaos of confusion. patient. like the despotic. Equality is not all level. as for the gifts Nature has brought in her lap. and for the use that has We we would men. and not by the Wise Gods. towering above the plain for each looks through his own mist.

deeds is their trade. the thought is only made perfect by deed. in republics . The trumpeter is not the bravest of the Steel and not brass wins the day. It is rare to find a man who can speak out the simple truth that is in him. Speech. plead like Paul and be false brave. and their capborn and bred to betray. however knavery fluent. Moreover. and Faction's clamorous in discussion. is grossly abused in Republics and if the use of . honestly and frankly. 45 Abject dependence on constituents. also. is skilled in fencing of speech. genius. their guardians are self-appointed and The Despot. until the divine power of speech. also. But Repeal is not Reform. But no noble spirit can. Silence barren of deeds in the day of trial. or affection. have been in pulling down and obliterat- ing. Patriotism ital is speech. Hence the constructive power of such assemblies modern is generally deficient. drowns all the clamor of tongues at once. like the the unjust thrive better than the just. Imposture too commonly rules ever in their minority . Plato says. speech be glorious. There are men voluble as women. either to Emperor or People. In all Congresses we have the inexhaustible flow of babble. in Europe. Time must bring with him the Restorer and Rebuilder. and . The chief triumphs of days. to overlay glitter of intellectual soap-and-water bubbles are mistaken for the rainbow-glories of The worthless pyrites is continually mistaken for gold. to itself as Judas. misers in deeds. Too much prodigies talking. unless a terrible pressure of calamity or danger from without produces cohesion. in assemblies of men. The mere talker. not in building up. destroys the power of action. night-lion roaring. favor. without fear. and as well : with the tongue is the mother of both. is too common. that privof man and great gift of God. is the art of ruling the minds of men. it is too common to babble nonsense. they seem to be . balancing thoughts as a juggler balances pipes on his chin. The gleams and to hide thought in words. It is as miserable a thing as abject dependence on a minister or the favorite of a Tyrant. RhetBut in oric. The great doer of great There are some men is mostly slow and slovenly of speech. Even intellect condescends to intellectual jugglery. like too much thinking. its abuse is the most villainous of vices. In human nature.FELLOW-CRAFT. faith in each other is almost always wanting. democracies it. is no better than the screech ilege of parrots or the mimicry of monkeys.

The verdicts of Legislatures and the People are like the verdicts of juries. the people it only modestly offers itself for office. were also tickled with their own guile but no Augur is needed to lead the . . getting itself puffed into notice. even when. it is indispensable to the salvation of the State. Injustice in bestowing or withholding office ought to be so intolerable in democratic communities that the least trace of it should be Treason. and the result shall not be a moment doubtful. is Even' stamp of Honor. but injustice. times right by accident. speech. like the scent of presents himself for service he has a right to aspire to the highest body at once. it will not be out of its minority before imbecility will be promoted to high places and shallow pretence. that . They readily deceive themselves. service. and impudent. will grasp the reins. The most people astray. like the rains of Heaven. it . may make stabbed a hundred honest cheeks smart with The country is in the front when those are brought into the stalled seats who should slink into the dim gallery. in the straits of distress and the agonies of calamity. the ignorant. are showered. ill-clutched. upon the just and the unjust. served favor. or true that republics only occasionally. If genius. select their wisest. Merit. it is some- true. Put it upon the track with the showy and superficial. although every improper promotion not merely confers one undetrusts . It is not universally true that all citizens of equal character have an equal claim to knock at the door When any man of every public office and demand admittance. It is quite accidentally. becomes the bauble of the enslaved. the trickster and charlatan.46 MORALS AND DOGMA. to govern will reverence if it them and legislate for them. Let a Republic begin as it may. The Roman Augurs that used to laugh in each other's faces at the simplicity of the vulgar. if he can show his fitness for such a beginning. the conceited. affect both the rights of individuals and the promotion in and those of the nation. and as even the less incapable it were among the incapables. Offices. stolen from the Treasury of Yet the entrance into the public it. will invade all the sanctuaries. unscrupulous partisanship will prevail. the birthright of the free man. armed with learning and knowledge. even in respect to judicial and the most unjust appointments constantly be made. will be smitten on the face.

afterward found to be a signal failure. into it can only justly be made through the door of The entry merit. and insanity of tyrants are incredible. like human bodies. they try the experiment of governing themselves by their smallest. for four thousand years. All history. all others should be When sufficiently proud to give him clue precedence. Nero. History offers examples and encouragement. but a willful shortness of sight. and honestly. If one will look hard. When the power of promotion is abused in the grand passages of life whether by People. he is fitter 47 than the rest who offer themselves for the same post. He is the worst among a man lature. And whenever any one aspires to and attains such high post. and there never has been a Republic that has not followed that fatal course. "The tools to the workmen!" no other principle will save a Republic from destruction. he should at once be the public enemies. and fatal as the results finally and inevitably are. that cannot discover the deserving. let him remain in retirement. reveals himself. he will not fail to discern merit. Let History and Satire punish the pretender as they crucify the despot. But however palpable and gross the inherent defects of demogovernments. and qualification and the eyes and voice of the Press and Public should condemn and denounce injustice wherever she rears her horrid head. That is not only a gross. The cruelty. If . genius. office win and use the pen. or Executive. in the Despotism against the Tyrant. Let him who complains of the fickle humors and inconstancy of a free people. they slide downward to the unavoidable abyss with tenfold velocity . read Pliny's cratic If the great man in a Republic cannot without descending to low arts and whining beggary and the judicious use of sneaking lies. the unjust decision recoils on the judge at once. either by civil war or the dry-rot. long. They tend to decay. baseness. and Caligula. Tacitus and Juvenal held no office.FELLOW-CRAFT. especially and is if by unfair and disreputable and indecent means. character of Domitian. to recognize that the difference between freedom and despotism is as wide as that between Heaven and Hell. of Heliogabalus and Caracalla. we need only glance at the reigns of Tiberius. do all we can to prevent it. The revenges of the intellect are terrible and just. Let Masonry use the pen and the printing-press in the free State against the Demagogue . Legis- beheaded.of Domitian and Commodus. being filled with violated rights and the .

There springs from silence a certain mysterious fullness.48 MORALS AND DOGMA. It is true that. and prove a miserLet the new Junius lash such men as able and pitiable failure. which filters and freezes this into brass in the thoughts. ! by your vote. One springs from the other's loins. trated prose that bites. the superficial. will betray like Iscariot. condensed into justice and truth. rible. . hardly sufficient upon Verres. All do not gabble in the Parliament of a Kingdom. is speech teris The writer doubles and when silence imposed by a master upon the people. It is true that the beginner of a dynasty generally does so and that when monarchies are in their prime. strike such creatures like If you can do no more. the base. but there was a Juvenal. their influences culminate in ruin. they deserve. tion replaces the Gracchi. Tyranny constrains the writer to shortenings of diameter which are increases of strength. reign darkly they should be pictured so. each period of history brings with it such protest as is possible to it. and History make them immortal in infamy since . Despots are an aid to thinkers. He who will basely fawn on those who have office to bestow. as the Czars are absolute. would lose its is The Demagogue edge upon Caligula. Work with the graver only would be pale into the grooves should be poured a concen. The Ciceronian period. all their lives. . you can at least condemn a thunderbolt weeps tears of blood for is the sure fruit damnation. there is also the author of the Annals. Under the Caesars there is the exile of As the Neros Syene . Speech enchained triples his style. Unto at last folly. The granitic solidity of some celebrated prose is only a condensation produced by the Tyrant. Compression in the history produces conciseness in the historian. they have it in their power to select the best for the public service. Of such supreme Let the nobility of every great heart. and ostracise by denunciation. as in the Congress of a Democracy. sufferings of the people. the offal of an office promised." its fatal error. The incapables do not go undetected there. the predecessor of the Despot. Under the Csesars there was no insurThe arousing of indignarection. pretence and shallowness do not thrive and prosper and get power. as they do in Republics. The Republic "who crouch that employs and honors the shallow.

49 down But dynasties speedily decay and run out. is tool of the tyrant. ful aspect. the Eve of Saint Bartholomew. reigns of right. the lunatic Charles the Sixth. and the The barbarian. What is the exclusion of worth and intellect and knowledge from civil office compared with trials before Jeffries. the Courts correct their legislation. and the Sicilian ? Vespers * ***** in his The Abbe Barruel bmistn. fire in his eye. the . So the Saracenic dynasty dwindled out." who sometimes drank the blood of relatives. and the dull or flippant Members of Con- gresses are at least the intellectual peers of the vast majority of kings. his forehead. and the civilized fanatic. governing in the name of a Louis the Fifteenth. the Stuarts. Let him who complains of the short-comings of democracy ask himself if he would prefer a Du Barry or a Pompa- dour. as the children enjoy the contortions of maimed flies. governed by ministers. Absolute Power. a Caligula making his horse a consul. dynasties invariably cease to possess any after a lives. a Domitian. favor- ites. the Charlemagne. the ape of Domitian. Cromest. Charlemagne. the Capets. declares that Memoirs in Masonry for the History of JacoFrance gave. cannot but be cruel. the Laws and the Conabove the Incapables. constantly seeking secrecy. and posterity is the Grand Inquest that passes judgment on them. pride darkness and solitude. after . sometimes em- ploying himself with slaughtering the most distinguished citizens before whose gates fear and terror kept watch a tyrant of fright. They become mere shams. At last they dwindle into imbecility. slumbering for long ages in their golden royal robes. tortures After in the dark caverns of the Inquisition. * Man ***** like the tigers. After Julius came Caracalla and Galba well. "that most savage monster. . and only emerging from his solitude to make on stitution are all. the Bourbons the last of these producing Bomba. As few to ability. The great man. like those old Etruscan kings. Alva-butcheries in the Netherlands. enjoy the sufferings of others. Napoleon. in a free government. the Julius Caesar. dissolving forever at the first breath of day. The . He is the wisest and the strongand imbeciles succeed and are usurpers and incapables fear makes them cruel. once in fear for the safety of its tenure.FELLOW-CRAFT. or courtesans. as its secret. by nature cruel.

"The Condemnation of the had felt in . . words Equality and Liberty. Also. # arm . except at the point of death. leaving it for every honest and religious Mason to explain them as would best suit his principles but retained the privilege of unveiling in the higher Degrees the meaning of those words. Pope Clement XII.. The State. Louis XV. and was in rebellion against temporal and spiritual tyranny. forbade them in In 1738. he says. . like a living carcass rotten with syphilis. because in . like the man. as interpreted by the French Revolution. must use constant effort to stay in the paths of virtue and rnanliness. issued against them his France. that * is. to cause the civil authority to put * * * them * to State. Anabaptists. unemasculated. if necessary. and in 1743 the Council of Berne also proscribed them. adopt the theory that offices and employin it are to be given as rewards for services rendered to and they soon become the prey and spoil of faction. disgusted with an Equality and a Liberty. and Presbyhad "purged her Masonry" from all explanations tending terians. In 1737. All unsound theories in the end develop themselves in one foul and loathsome disease or other of the body politic. Society of Conventicles de Libcri Muratori. under the penalty of ipso facto excommunication. and inquisitors were empowered to punish Freemasons. And he also excepts English Masons from his anathemas. England a Mason is a peaceable subject of the civil authorities. The title of the Bull of Clement is.5O MORALS AND DOGMA." And by it all bishops. its Lodges were proscribed in 1735. famous Bull of Excommunication. the help of the secular death. by an edict of the States of Holland. ordinaries. England. The ments party. false and slavish political theories end in brutalizing the For example. or of the Freemasons. The body of the commonwealth becomes a mass of corruption. engaging in no plots or conspiracies igainst even the worst government. the consequences of which she the struggles of her Lollards. which was renewed by. bore the banners of Freedom and Equal Rights. "as vehemently suspected of heresy. Because true Masonry." and to call in. Benedict XIV. to overturn empires but there still remained adepts whom disorganizing principles bound to the Ancient Mysteries. no matter where he resides. the absolution from which is reserved to the Pope alone. the and leprosy is in the flesh of the booty of the victory of faction State.

51 habit of electioneering and begging for office culminates in bribery with office. the spouse of Oppression.FELLOW-CRAFT. the perpetuation of the jus divinum to office in families. and corruption in office. and the Oracles of in the other. as free States advance in power. the more For. . A nation cannot re- A chosen man nounce the executorship of the Divine decrees. forbearance. As little can MaWe It must labor to do its duty knowingly and wisely. like the If the individual citizens have healthful physical human vigor. sonry. of a free people. The vast power of endu- rance. No man ought to more ready helped to make be the benefit of operation. the State must equally be without it. The more democratic the State. . Conspiracy. or into the battle with the abuses that spring up in free govern- weapons. 1 . Truth and Reason as our chief assailing Tyranny we must have tice. bristling with in Senates The art pens. all. nature. Treason. the creation of castes. It is of the essence it not. to obey it. first in the lower offices. and Unfaithfulness. and bunched with ribbon. is into that fight like the old Puritans. but also in their execution. patience. as plainly as if the commission were engrossed by the notary. Hatred. Offices of all kinds are multiplied to reward partisans the brute force of the sewerage and lower strata of the mob obtains large representation. girder with spectacles. with the flaming sword in one hand. that free States always tend toward the depositing of the citizens in strata. sure dimensions The executive powers swell and enlarge to inordinate and the Executive is always aggressive with respect to the nation. DisEven in trust. has a visible trust from God. that the people should not only be concerned in making the laws. and administer the law than he who has business of government is carried on for and every co-partner should give counsel and co- The Remember also. who cannot accomplish well the smaller purposes of cannot compass the larger. and performance. there is a strong tendency toward centralization. God The public citizen life. as another shoal on which States are wrecked. and at last and Bureaucracy raises its bald head. not from deliberate evil intention. is acquired only by continual exercise of all the functions. as well as in despotisms. man . in free States. of a free government. Injusthe fruitful parent of Deceit. but from the course of events and the indolence of huthis result. must remember that. We must march ment.

worse than one. there to become as much slothful a strong temptation for the governing people and sluggards as the weakest of abso- lute kings. able to suggest the best scientific solution of a problem into effect. cal. with its mysteries. its myrmidons. and communion of labor. creation of the people. The men must always be practi- rather than philosophical. and the truth of is . to separate the unsuitable from the and to make progress even possible. but it may be much improved as a subject of specushould never be divorced from the actual national science of governing necessity. to-day be reversed by the judgment of to-morrow. and exclusive. tral The people may be but it a child all its life. If the has the easiest means of carrying an idea purpose to be attained is a large one. When the inmost parish-life is given up to the direct guardian- . are the proper ends But without actual knowledge and experience. may thirty times be as fatal as that of the despots. The central power must take the reins when the people drop them. ence. and its corrupting influsuitable. If it be a small one. There is not the same amount of positive or universal truth here as in the abstract sciences what . is Thirty tyrants are Moreover. and is ready and apt for all kinds of interference. its of Government becomes like a Craft. too slothful in their own business. a large comprehension it is proper for the action of the central power. Political science guilds tend to become lation.52 MORALS AND DOGMA. France became centralized in its government more by the apathy and ignorance of its people than by the tyranny of its kings. and elect the little. It soon supplies itself with all the requisite machinery. as those of the Middle Ages. the dreams of the political doctors may be no better than those of the doctors of divinity. is the perpetual tribunal set up by them for the redress of wrong and the rule of justice. Only give them the power to get rid. cf the great and wise men. unjust to a minority or a majority. true in one country may be very false in another what is untrue to-day may become true in another generation. The central power must step in as an arbitrator and prevent this. and as to all the rest they will relapse into indolence and ipdifference. it requires . of policy. when caprice prompts them. it may be thwarted by disagreement. The cen- power may not be . organized and cunning if not enlightened. To distinguish the casual from the enduring. The central power. The reign of such a caste. The people may be too averse to change.

"The Lord. the Arab Restorer and Iconoclast came. Have FAITH. aid us. government feeds part of the people When it directs parish and county affairs. in his robes. and with its fiery reverberations smiting the throne of the Caesars. "Oh God! IF our and deliver us not into the hands of its eneBut KHALED. writing his lessons on hearts desolated with calamity and wrung by agony. in that vision or apocalypse of the sublime exile of Patmos. over- whelming the real world." who had marched man from victory to victory. Thus. Nevertheless. a people is in its dotage. Pretence and grimace and sordid beggary for votes will to avail. less honest. they are slaves already. and said. and powerless. the Christian bishop. The Sword also. Men are thus nurtured in imbecility. at the early dawn." The Arab had become stronger than that of the Christian. at the head of his clergy. and laid open bethe Testament of Christ. "the Sword of God. is and he conquered.'"' says Hosea. "Let no sleep! There will be rest enough in the bowers of Paradise. and holding stars. When the battle of Damascus was about to The some day cease evil influences ! be fought. or of the utterance of thought. THOMAS. hand on the book. "by the words . and the repair of the belfry of a country church requires a written order from the central power. profitless. despair not of the final result. a protest in the name of the ideal." says Isaiah. a tremendous satire tittered in the name of Religion and Liberty. a sharp two-edged sword comes out of the mouth of the Semblance of the Son of Man. When Christianity had grown weak. encircled by the seven golden candlesticks. faith of the sivcet ivill be the repose never more to be followed by labor. exclaimed to his wearied soldiers. came down laid his fore the army to the gates of the city. an emblem of SPEECH. EXPERIENCE. and struggle on. will make them wiser in time. 53 ship of the State. whatever follies the free people may commit. it When all the central prepares its to be slaves. "hath in his right hand seven like made my mouth a sharp sword." "I have slain them. against all and discouragements FAITH is the Saviour and Redeemer of nations. like a cleansing hurricane. even to the putting of the powers of legislation in the hands of the little competent and terrible teacher. mies!" faith be true. The next step is to regulate labor and wages. from the dawn of social life. in the Bible. with the Cross once so triumphant raised in the air.FELLOW-CRAFT. The Christian general.

It is heard by few. To write on skins or papyrus was to give. if he chose. and elicits a sure and single response. in the wisest orator spoke almost visibly to listening nations and the author wrote. and fades away.54 of MORALS AND DOGMA." says the writer of the aposthe Hebrews. and thence promptly into act." says Paul. A nation becomes truly one. The spoken discourse may roll on strongly as the great tidal wave but. Thenceforth the Printing made the movable letters prolific. but on the scrawl that Error has made and often mended. It makes the with the lightning tinder the oceans. and the rich only could procure it. but it requires a pilgrimage to see it." "The word of God. The doom of tyrannies . like an . which is the Word my tolic letter to of God. It was the written It is this that life. Speech passes into thought. and make the ministers tremble. dered them to be posted up in all the market-places remaining. impervious to human sight. piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit. was thenceforth sealed. "is quick and powerful. The unseen hands of the Juniuses could launch the thunderbolts. mouth. writing to the Christians at Ephesus. it dies at last feebly on the sands. leaving no token of power. It will It travels soon be heard at the antipodes as easily as in the next street. It is nothing and coming generations of men. speaks to it in the same common language. to the angel of the church at Pergamos. Men are invisibly pres- ." "The sword of the Spirit. as it were. like the wave. but also the passing events. The Chinese stereotyped not only . There is but one copy. ****** is to the living echo in the mountains. The process tended to suffocate thought. makes the whole human history but one individual to write To write on the rock on a solid parchment. and sharper than any two-edged sword. human speech. not on clean tablets. remembered by still fewer. Satire and invective became potent as armies. One whisper from this giant fills the earth as easily as Demosthenes filled the Agora. and to hinder progress for there is continual wandering minds. urbi et orbi. with one large heart and a single throbbing pulse. "I will fight against them with the sword of my mouth. and Truth writes her last words." it is said in the Apocalypse. like the Pope. and or. but one tardy edition. that gave power and permanence to human thought. mass one man. and Time wears even that. the unchanging wisdom of old sages. his oecumenic decrees.

the Cross triumphant in the hearts of the unbelievers actual power that lives in the Faith.FELLOW-CRAFT. but the So there is a political scholasticism that is merely useless. It is It is not this which converts the heathen. may flash his words to all the cities and over all the seas. and shake the silly-shallow idols from their seats. . on the fingerIt is not this kind of warfare which makes tips of disputation. and which has fashion the mystic lore of Jewish Rabbis and Indian Sages. less erally voluble and often pass for eloquent. unknown to or forgotten by all the world. among the silent herds and hills. and the thinker an Alpine solitude. a vain task to balance the great thoughts of the earth. His combats are like combats to the death. em to each other. had it formerly more than now rivalled in a fruitless might have entangled Plato. The dexterities of subtle logic rarely stir the hearts of the people. The true word verily a political science two-edged sword. and : the logic of common sense not the common sense of the ignoThe acutest thinkers rarely succeed in berant. it those of Bossuet. like hollow straws. . A watchword or a catchword is more potent with the people than logic. teach. Fraternity. or convince them. The Chris- tian faith has a subtlety that it. is that does not cover strength^ is the gewgaws Neither dialectic subtlety valuable to public men. Wisdom The man who endeavors to say the general rule. and condenses like Tacitus. The vulgar love a more diffuse thought. to stir the dreaming. and be thundered into the conscience. 55 if already spiritual beings. warn. Matters of government and can be fairly dealt with only by sound reason. worth remembering in every sentence. He will reason. The ornamentation of babble. and depth of thought are rarely loquacious. When a political prophet arises. and rule. coming leaders of men. his words will come straight from God's own mouth. The shallow and superficial are genMore words. and Equala matter of life and death. Select the thinkers to be Legislators is . especially if this be the least metaphysical. is stream. becomes fastidisomething ous. and hold back its feet from the irretrievable descent. stagnant nation. but of the wise. ity makes it The true apostle of Liberty. is The true apostolic fire like the lightning: is flashes conviction into the soul. as sits in who and avoid the gabblers. The real "Sword of the Spirit" . Weight unfavorable to volubility. to heave the land as with an earthquake.

and use the trenchant common sense. In a free country. and the State jntist listen to the maunderings of folly. The master-workman must train . in politics. the country is made na- in her dotage. it quietly puts the silly. If it neither learns the new nor forgets the old. it is fated. The ringer even of the idiot may point to the great highway. The true alchemist will extract the lessons of wisdom from the babblings to say of folly. harder to trace and follow than the blind currents of the ocean. work. Still. and those who in and small attorneys. even if the speaker end only in proving himself prince of fools. To unlearn is to learn and also it is . like Solomon. or practitioners in the disreputable courts. the men of dialectic subtlety often rule well. subject. in the strength of justice. and the screechings of its geese. must learn to forget. as fashions are shown so lead to their extirpation. The workmanship. No notion is so absurd that it may not find a place there. Nor will any assembly talk forever. with wisdom and with power. as well as the sages. which buffoon and the zany are useful in their places. even if the beard has not yet grown upon her chin. as well as to the golden Even the despotic old kings oracles of its wise and great men. Such men rule a land. The world is conquered by the head even more than by the hands. There is some truth in all men will hear He what a man has on any given who are not compelled to suppress their souls and speak other men's thoughts. A sometimes needful to learn again the forgotten. But when the great heart and large intel- . and transforms the misshapen matter into glorious palpable. and sets to the shallow. and the superficial to one side. The ingenious artificer and craftsman. when it has listened long enough. allowed their wise fools to say what they liked. brawlers the cities would be only the clerks of notaries. runs in the most singularly crooked channels. it thinks. people. After a time.56 MORALS AND DOGMA. lect are left to the rust in private life. human speech must needs be free . even if it has been royal for thirty generations. is keener than the brightest blade of Damascus. searches the earth for his materials. especially in popular assemblies. Even a fool will sometimes hit the mark. fools The antics of make the current follies more to be absurd by caricatures. because in prac- tice logic of they forget their finely-spun theories. and the brayings of its asses. The human thought. are tional Legislators.

Evil. with Pretence and Incapacity and littleness usurping all the high places of State. and the red. the great double-edged two-handed sword must deal with follies it . or the Triad. or other. thunder-storms. even in the heel. or life. The martel or mace. It restores the brotherhood in letters of in their pleasant places. Light Jachin and Boaz. Even in the flame fulfills and smoke of battle. over. Salt. There is in war the doom of defeat. the battle-axe. without remorse or reward. and the incense of success. the yellow. It is Cain and Abel. Osiris and Typhon. the rapier also the is no better against them than a wand. mental equilibrium. or the Duad. against logic. and heats the furnace through which the earnest and loyal pass to immortal glory. THREE. is the symbol of Antagonism of mode He creates. and Good and and Darkness. is composed of vitality. in one the sacred obligations of Fraternity. They way of the sword-thrusts and are invulnerable . War is not a demon. the quenchless sense of Duty.FELLOW-CRAFT. and spirit. When men are seated sunken in ease and indolence. it will continue to long chasten. fire. The immaterial man. according to the Kabalah. and the result. There are three principal colors or rays in the rainbow. the stirring sense of Honor. So as these continue obstinately divorced. Ormuzd and Ahriman. the breath of life. The Trinity of Two. It lights the beacons of Faith and Freedom. preserves. which by intermixture make seven. has been an article in all creeds. by which alone. and destroys. there is the acknowl- edgment of His might. In the mutual appeal of nations to God. sulphur. to purify the stagnant atmosphere. the measureless solemn sacrifice of devotedness. is The SWORD like symbol of war and of the Wars. and spirit. the Deity. the productive capacity. is most significantly expressed by the equilateral and the right-angled triangles. soldier. unless be the rapier of ridicule. war is the baptism of blood and fire. To them man was body. are often necessary. or four-sided right-angled . and mercury are the great symbols of the alchemists. The three are the green. Eve and Lilith. soul. It is the hurricane that brings the elethey can be renovated. of soul or mind. the concord of Power and Wisdom. discovers his brother. 57 twist out of the all these notions and vagaries with his two-handed hammer. the Mason . FOUR is expressed by the square. He is the generative power.

and there remained seven baskets full. the faces of a man and a lion. scribed as the four quarters of the world. wild beasts. among the creatures . the mysterious Pentalpha of PythagoChrist It is indissolubly connected with the number seven. "which take the first place in this world man. It is FIVE is Duad added expressed by the five-pointed or blazing star. in the I48th Psalm. Zechariah saw^ a golden candlestick. GIHON. full of eyes before and behind. in the second." Ezekiel saw the four living creatures. running eastward to Assyria and the ing into four streams. and the flying EAGLE. black. that is. the MAN. Jupiter. HEPTAKIS or God of seven rays seven days of the week and seven and five made the number of months. ras. with seven lamps and seven pipes to the lamps. that and the four wheels going upon their four sides and Saint John beheld the four beasts. Therefore. signature of the Earth. and four in particular of living creatures. divid- PISON. and in the fourth. each with four faces and four wings." the Daniel saw four great beasts come up from to the Triad. and an olive-tree on each side. and the lion among the sea. the young Ox. small planets. there are four times four." says the old Jewish saying. : tles. fed His disciples and the multitude with five loaves and two fishes. white. tribes. constituted the seven celestial spheres. Venus. and the four corners of "There are four. and Saturn. There were seven peculiarly sacred number.v among cattle . Again He fed them with seven loaves and a few little The fire apparently fishes. and aposthe . with the two greater ones. Four was the . of those who must praise the Lord on the land. Out of the symbolic Garden of Eden flowed a river. Mercury. the eagle among birds . baskets full. grizzled: "and these were the four winds of the heavens. go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth. which flows around the land of or light. .58 figure. the o. MORALS AND DOGMA. and spheres presided over by seven archangels. the LION. . EUPHRATES. which flows around the land of Ethiopia gold.^ an o. fire and seven. Visible nature is dethe earth. and of the fragments there remained tivelve. Zechariah saw four chariots coming out from between two mountains of bronze. There were planets seven colors in the rainbow and the Phoenician Deity was called SEVEN was the . "Since . Mars. or Darkness HIDDEKEL. in the first of which were red horses. in the third. . the Sun and Moon.r and an eagle.

the ark rested on Ararat.'' etc. In the seals. The bullock sacrificed by Samson told Delilah to bind him was seven years old. and the seven epistles are also so divided. 59 he says.FELLOW-CRAFT. has ten words. . before Gideon delivered them.vheat.. Of clean beasts. and vials. divided by three and seven. in the Apocalypse." John. him with seven green withes. . or periods. Seven times. and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel. the mercy-seat and seven times on the altar. representing the seven planets. because in seven days commence. When the dove returned. and . also. On the seventeenth day of the month. of this symbolic the seven are divided by four and three.Seven weeks were counted from the time of first putting the sickle to the . message to Ephesus. came the great year of jubilee. Seven times Moses sevens into the ark . the rain was to . tion of sprinkled the anointing oil upon the altar. The seventh year was a Sabbath of rest and at the end of seven times seven years . He who sends his vision. sprinkle with the blood of the sacrificed bird the house to be puriSeven times the blood of the slain bullock was sprinkled on fied. and seven days afterwards he must remain abroad out of his tent. and walks amid the seven golden lamps. after she returned with the olive-leaf. Noah was directed to take by and of fowls by sevens. Adam included. and paused on the seventh day. "who to hear. and the seven by three and four. In the seven epistles there arc ticelvc promises. A unclean seven days after child-birth one infected with leprosy was shut up seven days seven times the leper was sprinkled with . "the seven eyes of the Lord shall rejoice. Enoch was the seventh patriarch. trumpets. . God created the Universe. The refrain. Noah waited seven days before he sent her forth again and again seven. in purifying the leper. There were seven lamps in the great candlestick of the Tabernacle and Temple. What is said of the churches in praise or blame. The days of consecrawoman was Aaron and his sons were seven in number. in the month of Abib. . the priest was to sprinkle the consecrated oil and seven times to the blood of a slain bird . The Eeast of the Tabernacles lasted screen days. and Lamech lived 777 years. Israel was in the land of Midian seven years. the rain began on the seventeenth day of the seventh month. Seven days the people ate unleavened bread. writes seven epistles to the seven churches.." has cars In six days. is completed in the number three. "holds the seven stars in his right hand.

He off. Seven lamps and the Lamb that was burned before the throne spirits of God. TEN includes all the other numbers. when seven priests. and represented by the triple triangle. and twice seven thousand sheep. Seven of fire. and afterwards shaved them Balaam told Barak to build for him seven altars. or twice seven thre.60 she MORALS AND DOGMA. on which the woman sits in the wilderness. and seven times on the seventh. So also has the beast that rises up out of the sea. that of two. by is sometimes composed of dots or points. Seven thunders uttered their voices. has seven heads and ten horns. the city . scarlet-colored beast. at the end. friends sat down with him seven days and seven . and seven of famine.e had also seven thousand sheep and thousand camels. from seven vials of wrath. NINE is the square of three. "The seven eyes of the Lord. and lived an hundred and forty. of the letters of the It is thus arranged : name 9 9 999 9 9 99 9 . and in the Kabalah. Jacob served seven years for Leah and seven for Rachel. Jericho fell. in the ApocaThe lypse. EIGHT the first cube. nights. which had many mystic meanings. made the circuit of on seven successive days once each day for six days. times ten years. Pharaoh saw in his dream seven fat and seven lean kine. His His friends were ordered to sacrifice seven bullocks and seven rams and again. the seven angels sounded seven trumpets. "run to and fro through the whole earth. with seven trumpets. sometimes is called the commas of Deity. or yods." says Zechariah. . wove the seven locks of his head. and resented it This symbol of number of perfection." Solomon was seven years in building the Temple. Job had seven sons and three daughters. It is especially seven and three. pour out seven plagues. he had seven sons and three daughters. making the perfect number ten. Seven angels. seven good ears and seven blasted ears of wheat. slain had seven horns and seven is eyes. and there were seven years of plenty. Pythagoras repthe TETRACTYS.

of the stones on the tles The ber. It is the number of the months. breast-plate of the high priest. . and the aposof the oxen under the Brazen Sea. . the tribes. inclusive. TWELVE is the number of the lines of equal length that form a cube. 6l Patriarchs from Adam to Noah. are ten in numand the same number is that of the Commandments.FELLOW-CRAFT.

earliest instruments of education were symbols and they and all other religious forms differed and still differ according to external . primarily. and mental All language is is applied to mental and and when applied to a statement. is willfully to close our eyes against the Light. it symbolic. would be. is to drazv back. as much so as a picture of an arm drawn back. is symbolic. a spiritual non-sense. but less effective and impressive than the painted or sculptured forms which he endeavored to explain." cultivation. susceptible of more precision. for example. and thus religion and : philosophy became to a great extent disputes as to the meaning 6a . and according to differences of knowledge. for the ignorant. and the true objects of religion are THE SEEN. a material sense. \vhose true object and meaning by degrees were gradually forgotten. understand commonplace. THE MASTER. ties. what we All religious expression is symbolism since we can describe only The see. words have. "To retract. . its language was but a more complicated symbolism. III. symbol. so with the word to utter it to you does not inform you of the exact meaning which it has to me. To translate the symbols into the trivial and To ****** . the philosopher soon superadded to the symbols explana- tions addressed to the ear.literally the symbols and allegories of Oriental books as to ante-historical matters. or lost in contradictions and incongruiAnd when these were abandoned. however they may afterward get. is the blundering of mediocrity. circumstances and imagery. so far as All spiritual phenomena and action. To Hence sarily to present a visible symbol to the eye of another." from the Latin verb spiro. attempting in the dark to grapple with and picFor as with the visible ture ideas impossible to be expressed. breathe. Out of these explanations grew a variety of narrations. to express the same thing. and Philosophy resorted to definitions and formulas. is not necesinform him of the meaning which that symbol has to you. The very word "spirit" means "breath.

with his limited means of Even the Hebrew Theism beexplanation. until a web of . There are clangers inseparable from symbolism. and never reveal Catechism. or conceal." and ignorance. the worship of the Great Semitic Nature-God AL or ELS and its symbolical representations of JEHOVAH Himself were not even confined The priests were monotheto poetical or illustrative language. and not more truthful and adequate than the images of OSIRIS and VISHNU. which the wit of man. And this word is rendered by the Latin verb tegere. these "I Mil. or their names.worship. is not matter.\ "I will always hail. and words are as much itself and allegory was woven. fiction came involved in symbolism and image. ists : the people idolaters. only by resorting to We come at last to define spirit by saying that Spirit is spirit. hide. A single example of the symbolism of words will indicate to you one branch of Masonic study. symbolic. of the Rose. partly by art and partly by the ignorance of error. "/ conceal. except as being less sensu- The most is can supply. of words. borrowed probably from an older creed and remote regions of Asia. "To heal a house." has interpolated the phrase. "That ye fro me no woll hele. it simple negation. he that covers a called a Healer. "They hele fro me no priuyte. helan. Wherefore. 63 abstract expression for DEITY. The imagination. to cover." says Gower. Symbolism tended continually to become more complicated and all the powers of Heaven were reproduced on earth. in and is west of England. .THE MASTER." and A. same thing as to "tile" to cover a house with Thus language too is ceal. or consymbolism." thynge says the Romaunt Sussex . which afford an impressive lesson in regard to the similar risks attendant on tinuse of language. ous and explicit." : . primaand means to cover. ever conceal. We find in the English Rite this phrase in the : Q.'. We avoid sensuousness. as meaning. to cover or roof over. called in to assist the reason. to "heal" means in the tiles. hide. misunderstanding the word "hail." is a common phrase house with slates the rily. misunderstood and misused as more material symbols are. "From whence do you hail?" But the word is really "hele." from the Anglo-Saxon verb pelan. will never unravel. which language but a sign or symbol for an object beyond our comprehension.

Nature is the great Teacher of man for it is the Revelation of God. they were a dangerous one by which to approach the Deity in which many. says PLUTARCH. stand for things are confounded with them. as in the school of nature. that we have learned principles of life. It neither dogmatizes nor . fell into a ridiculous superstition . the . plunged into the no less hideous gulf of irreligion and impiety. and adds nothing by way of explanation. It presents its symbols to us. They implied no moral and . and. they were calculated to arouse the dormant intellect. a Sacred Drama. but as far as method of imparting them. In the Mysteand enigmatic recitals ries. Names which means are mistaken for the end the instrument of interpretation for the object. in avoid- ing one extreme. CICERO the first says. If their philosophical meaning was above the comprehension of some. attempts to tyrannize by compelling to a particular creed or special interpretation. signified. who were left. It is the text without the commentary . but the opening of a problem.64 usurps its MORALS AND DOGMA." It is through the Mysteries. beyond of the Temples. No other method could have suited every degree of cultivation and capacity. "mistaking the sign for the thing . exhibiting some legend of nature's changes. To employ nature's universal symbolism possible adhered to her the current traditions or sacred instead of the technicalities of language. it is chiefly the commentary and gloss that lead to error and heresy and persecution. with good reason and they not only teach us to live more happily and agreeably. few explanations were given to the spectators. Requiring research. as we well know. and thus symbols come to usurp an independent character as truths and persons. of the visible Universe in which the significant The Mysteries were Divinity is revealed. and whose import was in many respects as open to the Pagan as to the Christian. wherefore the term "initiation" is used . their political meanings are within the reach of all. but they soften the pains of death by the hope of a better life hereafter. The earliest instructors of mankind not only adopted the lessons of Nature. and discloses its secrets to every one in proportion to his preparatory training and his power to comprehend them. place or leaves its ally helplessly entangled in its web. while others. These mystic shows and performances were not the reading of a lecture. Though perhaps a necessary path. to make inferences for themselves. rewards the humblest inquirer.

with all our boasted knowledge. ''With the mind.. "I serve the law of God but with the flesh the ." And nowhere is the antagonbetween the spirit and body more frequently and ism and conflict forcibly insisted on than in the writings of this apostle. hostility to Philosophy." says PAUL. is the great expounder ancient interpretations were often ill- infallibility. . these were but the accessories of the great Truth. and understood literally the mode and path of its descent. and heard ineffable words. 65 because Philosophy its of symbolism although founded and incorrect. in teaching no aspirations Heavenward. to the Initiates. than the bosom of Abraham. its foundations of precious stones. . by comparing it to FIRE and LIGHT. and in striving to explain its longings after immortality. sons of God. "I knew .that he a man. And if they erred as to its original place of abode. mere allegories. it will be well for us to consider whether.THE MASTER. as a home for the spirits of the just dead . and its gates each of a single pearl. . into the glorious liberty of the children of God. with its walls of jasper and its edifices of pure gold like clear glass. and whether we have not despairingly taken refuge in having none at all. asserted. forms of government are favorable to the prevalence of . ." he says. . we have any better or clearer idea of its nature. The alteration from symbol to dogma is fatal to beauty of expression. the gulf of actual fire. for the eternal torture of spirits.As many as are led by the Spirit of God. designed to make the idea more palpable and impressive to the mind. and leads to intolerance and assured . . which have If. . of the flesh liable to decay. are the law of sin. was caught up into Paradise. and in proving its superiority over the souls of the animals. man to utter. which it ." Two ****** earnest expectation of the created waits The created shall God. and probably. ****** the great doctrine of the divine nature of the Soul. The for the manifestation of the sons of be delivered from the bondage of corruption. the ancients struggled in vain to express the nature of the soul. and the City of the New Jerusalem. nowhere is not possible for a the Divine nature of the soul more strongly . "caught up to the third Heaven. They are at least no more fit to be smiled at by the self-conceit of a vain ignorance. the wealth of whose knowledge consists solely in words. . .

merit and stern inand the dignity of unsullied honor will attain them only rarely and by accident. as he will seek to attain any other coveted object. Everywhere he will see first to his own interests. To be able to serve the country well. the land will reek with falsehood and sweat lies tegrity When the offices are open to all. will cease to be a reason why the great and wise and learned should be selected to render service. the greenness of unripe intellect. .66 falsehood and deceit. At length. is rotten from skin to core. . and justify the popular follies to advocate the expedient and the plausible to caress. Under ous. vain of a school-boy's smattering of knowthird tered. and becoming general. to beg like a spaniel for his vote. and whoso leans on him His ambition is ignoble. small and shallow. . until success cannot be surely had by any more honorable means ? the result being a State ruled and ruined by ignorant and shallow mediocrity. and because of the greed for wealth. being cousin-german to it when utand yet capable of being explained away. will be and false in private. land. and therefore he will seek to attain office by ignoble means. and the most unworthy and unfit way most aspire to the former. and flatand chicane. Experience will a probably prove that these odious and detestable vices will grow most rankly and spread most rapidly in a Republic. fill. office and honor are divorced. or reputation. apologize for. less honorable. . will be more available. pert self-conceit. treacherfear. or if not. . like the jockey on the race-course. MORALS AND DOGMA. and the false in public and in political life. who is there that has not seen these low arts and base appliances put into practice. the knave or the trickster. Other qualifications. and deceitful through a Despotism. When office and wealth become the gods of a people. To adapt one's opinions to the popular humor to defend. capable used wherein are unfit for a gentleman to handle. cajole. even if he be a three removes from barbarism to profess friendship for a negro competitor and stab him by innuendo to set on foot that which at ter the elector . the weapons to be Then the habits . like will be pierced with a broken reed. faithless faithless The himself. money. these shrink ceases to be worthy the ambition of the great and from a contest. ledge. and fraud becomes the highto the latter. Under and Democracy they are so as a means of attaining popularity office. is The place that the deemed competent and fit to . men are false. like slaves dreading the lash. hand shall become a lie. The jockey in politics.

Cromwell extinguished one body. Yergniaud. and brought forth by fraud. the burgher. and genuine faith and godliness and large-heartedness should diminish. and Robespierre. as civilization advances. is unsinks from his high estate.THE MASTER. to be above the popular level. Reverence for greatness dies out. When France was in the extremity of revolutionary agony. and man not at all. that manliness and genuine loyalty. trickery. nothing is less heroic than the merchant. the sailor. England was governed by the Rump Parliament. Fraud. as when mediocrity and incapable pretence and sophomoric greenness. fearing God only. or a general. We should naturally suppose that a nation in distress counsel with the wisest of its would take sons. great they are most needed. There is eral feeling of satisfaction when a great statesman a gendisplaced. either in the path to popularity or wealth. or Lycsea. 67 and pettifoggers wrangle lain v of unprincipled advocates in law courts are naturalized in Senates. and universal suffrage implies universal worth and fitness In the age of Elizabeth. she was governed by an assembly of provincial pettifoggers. the shrewd speculator. and showy and sprightly incompetency are most dangerous. or Societies for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. the merchant. Every man is in the is way of many. on the contrary. elections are decided by perjured votes or party considerations and all the practices of the worst times of corruption are revived and exaggerated in Republics. the statesman. Marat. the office-seeker. and small Couthon ruled in the place of Mirabeau. on infesting place. and is suc- ceeded by base envy of greatness. It is strange that reverence for truth. are the . and Xapoleon the other. Let but a hundred or two years elapse. and scorn of littleness and unfair advantage. after she had beheaded her king. and Carnot. and deceit in national affairs. and in a Monarchy or Republic of the same race. when the fate of the nation and the lives of millions are at stake. and to insist men seem never so men never so bold scarce as when But. who fortunate and tune. and freedom becomes more general. fearing man only. It becomes a misfor- not a crime. or pop! ular lecturers. and God not at all. falsehood. Then contested . were all alike heroic. if has been for his brief hour the popular idol. among statesmen and people. and States are even begotten by vilrascalities are justified by legislators claiming to be honorable. without universal suffrage. there.

to the greater ruin of the Commonwealth. Men will speculate upon the needs of their neighbors and the distresses of their country. fraudulent assignments. That is a sad and true which represents the companions of Ulysses changed by allegory the enchantments of Circe into swine. If his bank explodes. so that he may accumulate fabulous amounts with little outlay. that startle a country like the earth- quakes. But the sharper and speculator thrives and fattens. To bully the weak and crouch to the strong. chiefly to the most unworthy and men are tions office . No wonder men think there ought to be another world. and often the most obsequiously ships its when in actual solid wealth they are the veriest paupers. and the orphans are paupers. Huge bankruptcies. and trouble with their depredations the first and fill nourishment of infancy and the last sands of life. the heartlessness of greedy speculation. engulfment of the savings of the poor. the crash of banks. by the knaveries of trade. terest. as the old Hindus and Egyptians worshipped their worthless idols. prey on the savings of self-denial. it turns out insolvent. ****** sought for as well dishonestly as honestly by frauds and over- reachings. expansions and collapses of the currency." said the Great Teacher. If his country is fighting by a levy en masse for her very existence. "serve God and MamWhen the thirst for wealth becomes general. The tricks of the canvass for are re-enacted in Senates. Bubbles that. The Executive becomes the dispenser of patronage. with inmates the churchyards and lunatic asylums. when they see the friends of ruined families begging the wealthy sharpers to give alms to pre- . greed. If he administers upon an estate. by gambling in stocks and commodities that soon de- moralizes a whole community. signs of decadence in States and precede convulsions or paralysis. the depreciation of Government securities. and are more fatal. The Divine in human nature disappears. impoverish multitudes. with stupid credulity as its assistant and instrument." cannot. it will be . he is found to have taken care of himself in time. Society worhis paper-and-credit kings.68 MORALS AND DOGMA. bursting. in which the injustices of this may be atoned for. is the policy of na- governed by small mediocrity. "Ye mon. he buys property for a song. If his neighbor is distressed. and in- and selfishness take its place. bribed with offices instead of money. he aids her by depreciating her paper. will be blown up by cunning knavery.

let it humble itself in the . which ought o to actuate dead to the noblest impulses and sympathies States. It will submit to insults that its honor. the words of doom are already written on its walls. its free people cheerfully allying themselves with despots to crush a commercial rival that has wound . beyond those just and fair limits set by a due regard to a moderate and reasonable degree of general and individual prosperity. they may find commerce and of territory. When civil war tears the vitals of a Republic. vent the orphaned victims from ways of supporting themselves. There is a judgment already pronounced of God. The encroachments upon feeble neighbors. it will wage unjust war. When a Republic begins to plunder its neighbors. Republics are. a passion as ignoble and demoralizing as avarice in the individual and as this sordid passion is baser and more unscrupulous than . while. has always at last proven the ruin of States. Commercial avarice in India was the parent of more atrocities and greater rapacity. and at last makes the infected nation to be regarded as the enemy of the human race. so it is more hateful. When ambition. than the nobler The nation ambition for extended empire of Consular Rome. dust ! a nation becomes possessed with a spirit of commercial greed. it is a nation possessed by the devil of commercial avarice. To grasp at the lion's share of commerce.THE MASTER. to subserve those interests. let it look back and see if it has not been guilty of injustices and if it has. and cost more human lives. upon whatever is unrighteous in the conduct of national affairs. never learning from history that inordinate expansion by rapine and fraud has its inevitable consequences in dismember- latter leads to the violation of treaties. that grasps at the commerce of the world cannot but become selfish. States are chiefly avaricious of 69 until ****** starving. rather than endanger its commercial interests by war. to a selfishness invariably leads to injustices that make a State and crooked policy that forbid other nations to be the friends of a State that cares only for itself. because it detestable . calculating. and rapacity toward their wards whose lands are coveted. as rapacious and unprincipled as Despots. in this. on false or frivolous pretexts. ment or subjugation.

commercially avaricious. It will by- and-by endeavor to compound with God and quiet science. arm ual the Inquisition anew with its instruments of torture. or what we call his crime. to make it pause in its remorseless career. \Yc are too apt to erect our own little and narrow notions of what is ricrht and just. overreaching. and it crushes down all that is of impediment in its way. cold. it has no sentiments of pity. controlled by considerations of self-interest alone. A war for a great principle ennobles a nation. and slaughtering them by hecatombs if they refuse to obey the edicts of its philanthropy. or honor. its own con- or stole. is despicable. and more than aught else demonstrates to what immeasurable depths of baseness ues the lives of men and nations can descend. The soul of the avaricious nation petrifies. and help the weak against the upon But commercial avarice is strong. The Despot will occasionally act noble and generous impulses. The Infinite Justice of God does not consist in meting out exact error. by compelling those to whom it sold the slaves it bought to set them free. if the profits are as large. which is more often merely his justice of the father is not incompatible with forgiveness by him of the errors and offences of his child. and calculating. The measures of punishment for human frailties and sins. crafty. essentially egotistic. to measure off something with our own little .?o MORALS AND DOGMA. Heartless and merciless. if they had lasted. would have forbidden alliances with Czars and Autocrats and Bourbons to re-enthrone the Tyrannies of Incapacity. and . the right against the wrong. Commercial greed valmen no more than it values the lives of ants. who makes ungenerous. and to insist that God shall adopt that as His law . A war for com- mercial supremacy. Justice in no wise consists in meting out to another that exact measure of reward or punishment which we think and decree his merit. selfish. grasping. as its keels of commerce crush under them the murmuring and unheeded waves. like the soul of the individ- gold his god. faithless. sympathy. deserves. always at last displace the sentiments and lofty impulses of Honor and Generosity by which they rose to greatness. into the law of justice. as the trade in ivory or spices. which made Elizabeth and Cromwell alike the pro- tectors of Protestants beyond the four seas of England. upon some shallow pretext. against crowned Tyranny and mitred Persecution and. The slave-trade is as acceptable to a people enthralled by that greed.

that is to leave him and his . Justice." may be punctiliously observed aristocracy of Hell.THE MASTER. Surely vidual a fraction of the unit of society. Continually we seek to ignoble love of revenge and retaliation. as if under the directions of wise leaders. by mis- naming it justice. not in the least There is sympathy even among the hair-like oscillatorias. Not only the indissolubly actions. and mothers strangle their children. with the aid of the microscope. The ants and bees give each other mutual assistance. of the field. in which all stood upon the rule. as a warning to the unfortunates desiring admission to that inhospitable realm. creatures are apt to regard as the strict law of justice. that they may buy food for themselves with the charitable pittance given for burial expenses. armies of which may be discovered. beyond what is required by that which human little. the lowest market-value of his labor. proceeding with great regularity and order. is selfish more laudable than misanthropic isolation. on the side of a vessel containing them. For these will place themselves. but the will and thoughts of other men make or mar his we need man is but but reflect a to be convinced that the indi- . divorced ****** among from sympathy. in separate companies. there governing our conduct toIf there were a strictness of this gates. each army holds on its way without confusion or intermixture. and has a mind to change its quarters. community anywhere. The rules of what is ordinarily termed "Justice. as if it were by agreement. and that he is. 71 and call ennoble our own it God's law of justice. a tribe of simple plants. situation. and seem marching upward in rows and when a swarm grows weary of its . bit of the fallen spirits that are the indifference. the words which DANTE says are written over the great gate of Hell its : should be written over "LET THOSE wiio ENTER HERE LEAVE HOPE BEHIND!" just to It is not pay the laborer in field or factory or workshop his current and no more. tape-line. for so wages long only as we need that labor and he is able to work for when sickness or old age overtakes him. Nor does justice consist in strictly ward other men by the rigid rules of legal right. family to starve and God will curse with calamity the people in which the children of the laborer out of work eat the boiled grass . in the tiniest scum from a stagnant pool. connected with the rest of his race.

written by God . their brutalization and demoralization. Justice is is doomed peculiarly indispensable to nations. prove the universal sympathy. are unto or death. sweeps away our fortunes. him life fortunes. and the other great electric phenomena and currents. popular delusions." the teaching of " Righteousness exalteth a " The Throne wrong is established by Righteousness. public opinion. contagious and infectious. that is sentence is written against unjust. The man. the utterance of self-will. deciding an election and placing Folly or Incapacity or Baseness in a Senate. renders the labors of a life unavailing. the great circle traced by the compasses.72 MORALS AND DOGMA. ignorance. bound by a mys- which we term sympathy to every other mass. is predestined to destruction . judg- ment!" The nation that adds province to province by fraud and violence. that the physical and moral welfare of others cannot be indifferent to us that we have a direct and immediate interest in the public morality and popular intelligence. of God to calamity and ruin. and conseterious law of attraction in the atom . but of history. and we are but the point in its centre. helpless. are all diseases and we cannot rise high enough above the people. and pushes us. to escape the miasmatic con. Let the lips of the Ruler pronounce the sentence that is Divine and his mouth do no in . that encroaches on the weak and plunders its wards. control his destinies. but must fill with them . nor shut ourselves up from them enough. with all our intellect to resist. conceit. involves the country in war. for here. the atom or particle. as with the in- dividual. These considerations ought to teach us that justice to others and to ourselves is the same that we cannot define our duties by mathematical lines ruled by the square. and for the law of honor and fair-dealing substitutes the exigencies of greed and the base precepts of policy and craft and the ignoble tenets of expediency. their pauperism and destitution. enthusiasms. the drops in the great Atlantic. quent degradation. moral and intellectual. that the circle of humanity is the limit. the consequences of A wrong all are inevitable and eternal. and violates its treaties and the obligation of its contracts. in the well-being and physical comfort of the people at large. The ignorance of the people. The vote of a single and obscure or honor. This The unjust is State the Eternal Wisdom and wrong is nation . slaughters our sons. dishonor epidemics. or spite. into the grave. a reproach to nations. tagion and the great magnetic currents. physical and moral.

politics. . pretence of equity and fairness to reprove vice in public and commit it in private to pretend to charitable opinion and censoriously condemn to profess the principles of Masonic beneficence.THE MASTER. they It is upon and crush his form a philosophical. . which appear beautiful outward. to preach continence. al . and moral truth. . in the of a threat. It is equally detestable in morals. and sell one's vote for place and poware hypocrisies as common as they are infamous and disgraceer. to appear outwardly righteous unto men. because it the nature of the Infinite God. of disinterestedness. its often seems to prosper. pleasure. mercy. to the third and fourth generation of those who violate His laws. keeping them full within pay . the day of reckoning always comes. to inculcate humility. judgment. to pretend to believe in a God of and persecute those of a different faith and for a pretence make long prayers wallow to in lust tithe. Iniquity success is its defeat and shame. to devour widows' houses. . . and always the knave deceives and proves a failure. and basely abandon a sinking purity. or under obsolete. It is Satan attempting to clothe himself in the angelic vesture of light. but are of extortion and excess . and . of hypocrisy and iniquity. ful. to eulogize the intelligence of the people. . and . and in pride surpass Lucifer : and omit the weightier matters of the law. that God visits the iniquity of the fathers upon the children. and plot to deceive and betray them by means of their ignorance and simplicity to prate of of honor. . To do injustice under the justice. Hypocrisy is the homage that vice and wrong pay to virtue and . and religion in the man and in the nation. to nation as to individual himself. physical. mercy and a Redeemer of love. but children. suffering. but within be full within full of bones of the dead and of cloaks its all uncleanness. by open violence. and faith to strain at a gnat. and swallow a camel to make clean the outside of the cup and platter. If fall its consequences pass by the doer. After a long while. No wrong is really successful. is indeed to be like unto whited sepulchres." and claims it as its and duty to "manifest destiny" to annex other Republics or the States or The Republic Provinces of others to 6 itself. ambition with the pretence of a desire "extend the area of freedom. The gain its of injustice a loss. . To steal the livery of the Court of God to serve the Devil with- cause . in the nature of is in 73 man and is in the nature of the Universe. and peculate close the ear to the wail of distress . and the cry of suffering.

while Philip the Second married the Queen of England. It decimated Europe to purge it of heretics. The great Merchant Nation. tne right . It be infallible in matters of gave and sold absolutions for past and future sins. the Emperors caused themselves to be wor- shipped as gods. without a plea. ruin. Spain. partition among themselves a Kingdom. and over the whole life from the cradle to the grave. commercial Cities only. Genoa. haughty with its dominion over the Indies. and fraudulent sity MORALS AND DOGMA. The history of all is or will be the same. claims its ancient or natural boundaries. It decimated America to convert the Mexicans and Peruvians. acquisition. It gave and took away thrones. That was the apostotive.74 empty. To seek to subjugate the will of others and take the soul capmada. finds a continual necessity for extending its dominion by arms. When Rome was the mistress of the world. Te maintain the balance of power is a plea for the obliteration of States. gaining foothold in the Orient. and subjugates India. After- ward Spain attempted to conquer it with her "invincible" ArNapoleon set his relatives and captains on thrones. and parcelled among them half of Europe. dismemberment. endeavored to crush out Protestantism in the Netherlands. Neither men nor nations ever have power enough. and makes neces- safety the 'plea for open robbery. Alexander marches to the Indus Tamerlane seeks universal empire. It claimed to faith. and the pair sought to win that kingdom back to its allegiance to the Papal throne. . The Church of Rome claimed despotism over the soul. the exercise of the highest power. seems to be the human ambition. There is a judgment of God against all that is unjust. The its and great Royalties and Despotisms. titles. the right of man to abide by his own faith. The Czar rules over an empire more gigantic than Rome. Carthage. and by excommuni- cation and interdict closed the gates of Paradise against Nations. It is at the bottom of all proselyting and propagandism. and become States. must acquire territory by force or fraud. and prepare to wrangle over the dominions of the Crescent. dismember Poland. The thirst for power is never satisfied. and Venice. from that of Mesmer to that of the Church of Rome and the French Republic. the Saracens conquer Spain and threaten Vienna. It is insatiable. because it is highest object of late alike of Joshua and of Mahomet. Masonry alone preaches Toleration. The Empire founded by a successful soldier.

who than to prevent a repetition of the wrong. hounds or bankrupt who violated his oath. into to his blood- and fed the mangled limbs the military tyrant who has shot men without trial. the fraudulent banker . the Church that claims the right to repress heresy by fire and steel." but it is in anger. living. to desire revenge and to ourselves that we desire it less for our own satisfaction persuade . to which the doer would be encouraged by immunity coupled with the profit of the wrong. To discourage wrong by making it fruitless and its punishment sure. that the consequences of tempered by mercy. ments to enforce that law. and cruelty and crime shall be their punishment and the wrong injured and the wronged and the indignant are as much His instru- The law . which ought not to suffer its equanimity to be disturbed by ingratitude or villainy. ought not to be punished. the judge has beggared orphans. the legislator who has enabled Incapacity to work the ruin of the State. The injuries done us by the base are as much unworthy of our angry notice as those done us by the insects and the beasts and when we crush the adder. always out of a higher feeling than mere personal revenge. when we are wronged. Let them be so and let the injured or the sympathizing be the instruments of God's just vengeance but . or slay the wolf or hyena. and the confederation of States that insist on maintaining a union by force and restoring brotherhood by slaughter and subjugation. we should do it without being moved to anger. . submit to be cheated is to encourage the cheater to continue and we are quite apt to regard ourselves as God's chosen instruments to inflict His vengeance. as the diseases and public detestation. . and with no always taken . and for Him and in His stead to . and so we haVe in rooting up a noxious weed. and therefore is unworthy of a great soul. Revenge has been said to be "a kind of wild justice . of all 75 rebukes alike the monarch States to govern themselves. the knave who has robbed or betrayed his State. It is natural. No one will say that the Inquisitor who has racked and burned the innocent. the Spaniard pieces with his sword. and the verdict of history and the execration of posterity are. more feeling of revenge than if it And be not in punishment.THE MASTER. who hewed Indian infants. the public officer who has who has sold injustice. It seeks to extend his dominions by conquest. let the God's agent. human nature not to take revenge by way of Mason truly consider that in doing so he is let his revenge be measured by justice and of God is.

Let us not smile. in general. They enfaith. and ought to excite no other emotion. it was an outflowing from the Deity. . Accord- ing to the modern hypothesis. Remember that every moral characteristic of man finds its prototype among creatures of lower intelligence that the cruel foulness of the hyena. and returning to that when freed from the enthrallment that the soul is . than when found in the beast. we ought too much to despise those who wrong us. the savage rapacity of the wolf. and the River GIHON the land of Ethiopia or Darkness. neither to inquire nor care.7& MORALS AMD DOGMA. are found . or is created out of nothing. or to desire revenge. origin. to feel the emotion of anger. it is upward the apt symbol of truth and knowledge. Why should the true man be angry with the geese that hiss. in the form of luminous waves. on the ether which fills all space. we no more know than the ancients did. in the great which the Oriental allegory of the Hebrews. or is generated like the body. that it is more noble to forgive than to take revenge and strut. To us. journey of the soul through the Spheres is symbollittle but it we has are as its where points. the merciless rage of the tiger. What light is. wear the human form? Always. that. also means Light. men are satisfied to think nothing in and only to believe that the soul is a something from the body and out-living it. them. deavored to have some belief and some creed. at the ideas of the ancients. At the sphere of the Sun. * * * * The Hebrew word for gold. body only impresses. also. No one asks whether it emanates from the Deity. among mankind. originating in a sphere nearer the Deity. and the issue of the souls of the father and the mother. it remains although they true. the River PISON compasses the land of Gold or Light. all that. us. of Sun is to the Earth the great source. To heat. as to also. when found in the man. supplying them with light and To the ancients. the asses that bray. beyond the most distant planets. until we have a better belief but accept their symbols as meaning . informed as they whence the soul comes. the peacocks that and the apes that imitate and chatter. you are in the region of LIGHT. upon those At regard to separ ~ite fore it. it is not composed of luminous particles shot out from the sun with immense velocity but that . the crafty treachery of the panther. but whether existing bethe present day. and whither it goes after death. So. ZAHAB. a powerful vibratory movement that extends. therefore. the ical . of a Divine nature.

It was not strange that men worshipped There roll is the Sun. MITHRAS. MALKARTH. beyond the Pillars of Hercules. like a king retiring. or souls that are the negations of intelis have any logical power or capacity. and APOLLO. crashing on the pavement. Originally they cf whom looked beyond the orb to the invisible God. the Sun. Few intellects. lect. and he shone in on the still rays. by its connection with the body. a water-plant. not one in ten can argue Each mind sees the truth. not strange that. Beyond Olympus. earthquakes shake the world and the characteristic of hurl down mountains. Grain by grain They personified as him the dust of his temples crumbled and fell. His light-giving and life-giving powers were secondary attributes. There a singular obli- quity in the human mind that makes the false logic more effective than the true with nine-tenths of those of intellect. God which they saw reflected in his light. and was borne off on the wind. ADONIS. 77 of the body and that it can only return there when purified of all the sordidness and sin which have. was the manifestation and outflowing. and fancied they saw in its originality the changelessness of Deity. The one grand idea that compelled worship was steadfast. and had come daily again in the morning to behold the temples they built to his worship. and The roof fell Holy of Holies with unchanging he shone on crumbling column and architrave. distorted through its own are regarded as who . Moss grew on the capitals of the great columns of his temples. . and the nations that did so grew old and died. men Even among the judges. came up regu- does. the Sun's light. thousands of years ago. become part of its substance. seemingly identical with generation and life. AMUN. and again sank. on about without uniting. So arguments on points of faith. as it on their plains. to return again in due time in the same array of majesty. OSIRIS. It was that now We immutable character of the Sun that the men of Baalbec worshipped. BRAHMA. roll over the surface of the mind. like whose broad leaves the drops of water drops of mercury. in the morning. and he shone on the moss. in the west. he had gone daily to his abode.THE MASTER. logically. like a god. An argument that convinces one mind has no effect on another. in politics or religion. worship Immutability. as it were. and that to-day that worship continues It is men worshipped among the Par- sees. BEL. He had seen thrones crumble. it Long it before the Chaldaean shepherds watched larly.

was called Kurraios. The people of Kurene. Hesychius says. Kuresta. and that it was celebrated by means of a pyre. December. 7. in Phoenician and Hebrew. Apollo. Lord. was called his re-birth or his awakening. Hor or Har. Haram. Areimonios. the Divine Light or Wisdom. like Adona'i. and The word Khairum or ****** the renders Khurum by called Kura. This festival was celebrated in the month Peritius a new life. the socket of the eye. Aryaman. Mar-kuri. a name of Lower Egypt. the Sun. Gesenius word noble or free-born: Khur meaning white. through a precise testimony in the ancient annals of Tsur. and be not even warmed by the immersion. viii. mind may be plunged into truth. to most men. Hermes or Har-mes. King of Tyre. worshipped the Sun title of We Achoor and Achor. in Greek. state. AOOR. Remus. 13. or an opening: and Khris. Khur. and never comes into contact . is the literal name of the Sun. Khri also means white. [Aram. the Parsi word. the Sun. was applied to the Sun. Kuropolis. plate. The Sun. Harameias). The Egyptian Deity called by the Greeks "Horns. Cyrus. From Kur or Khur. medium. is Light. on which the god was supposed to regain. was called Kur. Ar. the Sun. TN. from Kurra. Movers says. Kurene. Bryant says in his Mythology. as the hand moistened with sulphurous acid may into melted metal. Truth. noble. that the principal festivity of Mal-karth. the orb of the Sun. was Kadmos. and Plutarch says that the Persian? called the Sun Kuros." was Her-Ra. are of the same kindred. know. Lord. Kuria. it and the. in Job. Ar-es. a city in Phocis. the AR meaning Fire or Flame.78 MORALS AND DOGMA. was Adonis. is like matter in the spheroidal Like a drop of cold water on the surface of a red-hot metal it dances. with Khurum is a compound one. the incarnation of the Sun at the Winter Solstice. under the originally Ethiopians or Cuthites. Krishna is the Hindu Sun-God. comes Khora. or Har-oeris. Kurios. the Sun-god. the Sun. Kuris. KHUR-UM. held at Tsur. said Ctesias. through the aid of fire. was so named from Kuros. the second day of which corresponded to the 25th of (Barith]. It also means the opening of a window. trembles. In the Hebrew. Kureschata. Fire. or the Sun. Hari is a Hindu name of the Sun. is Mar. first performed . says Movers. and spins. Many places were sacred to the Sun. and x. and Corusia in Scythia. Ari-al.

with the definite Hanr. the same day was at Rome." and ram. at the winter solstice. and hora. or. and Her-acles. ardom.the Dies Natalis Solis Invicti. AROERIS or HAR-oeris. with six steps. in Egyptian. the festal day of the invincible Sun. is from the same old root that in the Hebrew has the form Aiir. KHURUM. the same as Her-ra. by Solomon's Under this title. room. Light. Light. Din. the "Heracles Tyriits Impetus. Har-ocri. is PI or or Har. HAR-acles. HERCULES. the Tsurian Haracles. season or . harum. a pair of eyes and the festival of point the thirtieth day of the month Epiphi. raised up to life." "exalted. the symbol of the Sun in Taurus. the Hebrew word Tl. flame. 79 These facts we learn from Josephus. the Mediator. splendor. "was high. "was. called "The birth-day of the eyes of Horus. raised or lifted up. ally. in Arabic. and the Dionysiacs of Nonnus. the JEneid. Hcr-mes. Lord of the Solar Spirits. and his rays." Plutarch calls him "Har-pocrates. the beneficent eye 'of the Sun. therefore. and through a coincidence that cannot be fortuitous. at each arm of which was a lion. hrm. would mean "was or living. in the hieroglyphic legends. ." but there is no trace of the latter part of the name ." "made great. plated with gold. improperly called Hiram. and Saviour.THE MASTER. or the Light. Sun." So. From the Egyptian word Ra came the Coptic Oiiro. So Solomon made a great throne of ivory. by the pyre of MAL-KARTH. an unused root. means -"living. Khairum." In a papyrus published by Champollion. High-land. He is the son of OSIRIS and Isis ported by lions. therefore. and the Hebrew Aiir." The latter is the as DTI. the death and resurrection of a Sun-God was annually represented at Tsur. the chief or master. whence Aram. CK"1 same or Aramcca. when the sun and moon were supposed to be in the same right line with the earth. for Syria. was article prefixed." and Hirm means an ox. meaning Lion and making seven on each side. the Sun of the younger HORUS was the in a circle of the Elder. The hieroglyphic . was worshipped at Tsur. while the temple was being erected. the elder HORUS. or shall be. meant. and one on each side to each step. and is represented sitting on a throne supthe same word. at the Vernal Equinox. Hor is also heat . Thus. Khi. this god is styled "Haroeri." the personification of Light and the Son. Redeemer. Servius on this ceremony. Again. DTlS. is KHUR-OM.

employed in the palace. rendered Pharaoh." The later myth connects itself with Phoenicia and Syria. ghurrah. the Sun. uiro. not a mere modern invention. as names of the Sun. name found. African dialects. which may also enlighten you as to the Lion's grip and the Master's gavel. obtained possession qf the palace. and the like. with ivory combs. is Hor-ra and Set. was PHRA. and the lamp in the shape of a boat. over whose divine neck her long thick hair hung in graceful ringlets . appeared in the procession. as the nineteenth dynasty. as well as of Life. The palm-tree. it is to these things it The identity of the legends is also confirmed by this hieroglyphic picture. The royal Airo. took the body out of it. "The day of the battle between Horus and Set. The body of OSIRIS went ashore at Gebal or Byblos. sixty miles above Tsur. Apuleius describes her as "a beautiful female. If the symbol we are speaking of alludes. and made of it a column for his Isis." and in the procession female attendants. at least. . eer. column. seemed to dress and ornament the royal hair of the goddess. or Set-nu-bi. the name The legend of the same as Bar or called in the contest between Bal. of each murderer of ****** Khurum. Ayero. Book of the Dead. older than that of the strife between It Osiris is and Typhon. in several hour and hence. The Egyptian legend was that the King of Byblos cut down the tamarisk-tree containing the body of OSIRIS. copied from an ancient Egyptian monument. and carried it away. Pai-ra. that of the Evil is You will not fail to notice that in the God Bal is Har-oeri was the god of TIME.3C MORALS AND DOGMA. . as old. that is.

means Shepherd. means an aperture of a window. A ^. Also *ifl it Khur." vjtf TV7. 3K. "formerly one of my father's servants. connected with the name of Khurum. 15. 2. a star at her head. who was buried three days. high-born. David my father. Head. iv. 4 B. free-born. also means an opening. (the two letters representing the numbers I. with ears of wheat in her hand.THE MASTER. and QK is it is in construction. (Vav) we read "Abif") means "of my father's. Joseph says [Gen. word "Abi. CRISIINA is called Hcri." The name of the Phoenician artificer is." which was a title and not part of the name." So Haman was called the Second Father of Artaxerxes and when King Khuthe . and the legend was (lao. common to all the Semitic languages. with the addition of "2K. Chief or Ruler. a cave. Vizier or Prime Minister. Master. i. Manager. and V2X. Inventor. as ^-"OX. 40]. vii. rum used "Khurum A medal copied by Montfaucon exhibits a female nursing a child. ii. Priest." or "slaves. the mediator.) She is seated on clouds. that is. means Father. as i v. f j g^j. the final Yod English the preposition "of" is the Father of Al. Abi-Al. Overseer. altar before her. and is a primitive noun.." Its full mean(which . Abiu final is the possessive pronoun "his" 1. Abi. as JESUS called Himself the Good Shep- HORUS was herd." as part of the name of the artificer. Prophet. 12] and of V2K. e. In Syriac. so that ''iX by itself means in "My father. The word HERI. "God has constituted me 'Ab I'Paraah. in Samuel and Kings. 8]. in Sanscrit. was regenand triumphed over the evil principle. 3. It also it simply Father. and in the Sama- means an Ancestor. Also. eye. And it is almost as absurd to add GIT! and CnTl In Chronicles [2 Sam. in the ancient 1 81 Phoenician character. ii. 16]. as well as Saviour. when precedes another word. and noble. Kings. [2 Chron. Tin. } /$. . Originator. ing. it is Dlttl. It is merely absurd to add the word "Abif" or "Abiff. no doubt is. means "my". v. ritan. and three ears of wheat rising from an erated. [2 Chron. I Kings. n . 2 Chron." he meant that the artificer he sent Schlomoh was the principal or chief workman in his line the phrase at Tsur. or Unity and Duality. as Father to Paraah. xlv. . when interposed. or the means white.

Khirah. ****** . for Yu-bel is but Yehu-Bal orYeho-Balf : A and that the three final syllables of the names.f\ A name iii.'. meaning the TriuneGod. a noble race. is the thorny tamarisk. It was a sacred tree among the Arabs. the sacred word of the Hindoos. speculators and advention. and Teutates. learned Brother places over the two symbolic pillars. means Lord. Thoth. It is the of a city. from right to left. Is it an accidental coincidence. Hindu Trimurti or Khurm. n]. which was . also.M. planted as a door-post. in Sanscrit. Buddha is declared to comprehend in his essence of the own person the and hence the tri-literal monosyllable Om or Aum is applied to him as being essentially the same as Brahma-Vishnu-Siva. It is a fit type of immortality on account of its tenacity of life for it has been known. especially if . in ^Ethiopic . Heri. enriched by the distresses of the State. c the name of each murderer are the two names of the Good and Evil Deities of the Hebrews. [Ezr. schemers. [Josh. to take root again and shoot out budding boughs above the threshold.lHU of the and BAL followed by the hieroglyphic equivalent. nrpn. x. Vy^. money-jobbers. Amun-ra.U. xix. | ii. turers an ignoble oligarchy. when Every commonwealth must have its periods of trial and transiit engages in war. 32.'. It is certain at some time to be wholly governed by agitators appealing to all the baser elements of the popular nature by moneyed corporations by those enriched by the depreciation of government securities or paper by small attorneys. and fattened on the miseries of the people. make A. a. Taut. devoted. the same tree which grew up around the body of Osiris. . 38] . the two words *^ (ft* and 2j.\7Q. . He is the same as Hermes. urn. Life-preserving. which are evidently the same name as Hermes and Khirm . D"II"I. 31 . that in Sun-God. o. who made of it the idol Al-Uzza. and of a man. W* and f?j?2. Then all the deceitful visions of equality and the rights of man end and the wronged . Life-destroying the mystic character : represented by Y" ? The genuine Acacia.82 MORALS AND DOGMA. Neli. on the forehead of Jesus of Nazareth.'. Life-giving. KHURM means consecrated. One of his names is Heri-maya or Hermaya. means nobility. which Mo- hammed : Thur and set destroyed. of it the It is abundant as a bush in the Desert of "crown of thorns" was composed.

. <nor judge. legislature. and resorted to on low and base motives. The effect of liberty to individuals is." It is a volume of Truth and Wisdom. to flatter them." purified in its transmigration by fire and blood. that they may do what they please to a people. would be . Freedom of opinion will be professed and pretended to. If accessible to flat. and that the intolerant spirit of a triumphant majority will allow no deviation from the standard of orthodoxy which it has set up for itself. 83 and plundered State can regain a real liberty only by passing through "great varieties of untried being. and for evil purposes. nor Csesar. to be hereditary. kings. magistrate. preserved. The set of first men is principle in a Republic ought to be. but every one will exercise it at the peril of being banished from political communion with those who hold the reins and prescribe the policy to be pursued. free A democracy. to do what in honor and conscience left undone. until it becomes insatiate. securely seated in power. corrupts both the receiver and the giver and adulation is not of more service to the people than to . Political independence only occurs in a fossil state and men's opinions grow out of the acts they have been constrained to do or sanction. Slavishness to party and obsequiousness to the popular whims go hand in hand. One ought not even to risk conwhich may soon be turned into complaints and as gratulations. In a Republic. a lesson for the study of nations. it soon comes to pass that parties gather round the negative and positive poles of some opinion or notion. to overthrow the world. em- bodied in a single sentence. in doing what it pleases. so that they should no longer which were under be resuffi- membered among men. it is to a great extent the same.THE MASTER. "that no man or entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or pri- vileges from the community. and destroy all institutions which freedom is protected. both individuals and peoples are prone to make a bad use of power. as that of a people will. either of individual or people. neither ought the offices of . which is a sure way to mislead them. this sentence. Flattery. as this is always interested. to be called a crime. well deserves should have been . but in consideration of public services which not being descendible. and expressed in language If a deluge of despotism every man can understand. either individual or people is sure. tery. cares less for it than a will his appetite for it grow to exorbitance.

Politicians. On the contrary." For. mere hacks of owing their places to trickery and want of qualification. enables them to detect baseness and most secret hiding-places. By no other to intrust the power of making the laws to those only who have that keen instinctive sense perhaps as good as any.84 MORALS AND DOGMA. filled with all the narrow conceptions and . another must be added: "that a free State does not confer office as a reward. in a free State. heartless. His accession to power may be almost for a lifetime. The flatterers of the people are never such men. that of hereditary succession By no other rule is it possible to preserve the liberties of the State. and that moral courage and generous manliness and gallant independence that make them fearless in dragging out the perpetrators to the light of day. bitter intolerance of political bigotry. at the same time. and so at length comes to pass men impudently . and. is if there is to be any other rule. Their names sink in the bottomless pit of oblivion . unless she seeks her own ruin but all officers are em. but their acts of folly or knavery curse the body politic and at last prove its ruin. selfish. The influence of the small aspirants is always against the great man. in consideration solely of their will and ability to render service in the future and therefore that the best and most . These die and the world is none the wiser for what they have said and done. and each hopes that to succeed him . party. But. and calling down upon them the scorn and indignation of the world. but must have a host. the end of their patriotism and they always look with secret satisfaction on the disappointment or fall of one whose loftier genius and superior talents overis Their own aggrandisement shadow their own ruptible honor are in the self-importance. or information. with a single Sejanus. like Tiberius. to preserve liberty. competent are always to be preferred. a time always comes to a Republic. with none of the qualities of head or heart that make great and wise men. when it is not content. are generally hollow. ployed by her. One of themselves will be more it easily displaced. ability. and when those most prominent in the lead of affairs are of injustice and wrong which corruption in their men the without reputation. and revive the race of free cient to rekindle the fires of liberty men. and . or whose integrity and incorway of their selfish ends. statesmanship. especially for questionable services.

the venal and the small. that to demand that we shall serve them in lamentable to see a country split into factions. fawn. just. It its end. Such is is a country in the last stages it of decay. whose sole end . and all must either come up to the standard or de- wrangles over the volcano certain that no government can be Men may betray principles never can. that those who feel themselves competent qualified to serve the people. who are unfit for the lowest clerkships and incapacity and mediocrity become the surest passports to office. It is the Master's v. men. and for the people. is villainy fair in politics is an excuse for every species of low and those who seek even the highest places of the State upon the power of a magnanimous spirit. and measures. Once determined. 85 aspire to and actually win the highest stations. fully refusing to court the people.THE MASTER. where the wicked and Jesuitical doctrine that all ." ****** title they stand contemptuously aloof. to stir and move the people to generous. . with fore-paws obsequiously suppliant. refuse with disgust to enter into the struggle for office. "mankind has no spite of themselves.ord. in order to unite in one party just tled men of antagonistic creeds. no matter how prosperous may seem and the earthquake. Whenever you have setupon your theory and creed. But it is conducted by the men of the people. their chiefs the low. . Oppresit. without a rigid adherence to those principles which our reason commends as fixed and sound. and end in ruin. Compromises which clare against : sion is : bring fundamental principles into doubt. flatter. it is contemptible to and the spoils of victory. each following this or that great or brazen-fronted leader with a blind. and heroic resolves. sanction no departure from it in practice. and to wise and manly action but. It is unreasoning. they must be inexorable in their application. like spaniels erect on their hind legs. are frauds. the and natural consequence of fraud. do not than descend to this. The consequence and is. and actually beg for votes. one invariable consequence of misplaced confidence in treacherous man it is never the result of the working or application of a sound. on any ground of expediency. and near to be. Rather rely . on the sympathizing impulses of a great soul. well-tried principle. the base. noble. These must be the tests of parties. disdainand acting on the maxim. unquestioning hero-worship see it divided into parties.

reading to mankind another lesson for it to disregard. Rome. the cohesive tinguish them by absorption." . the storm rises. The Forty-Seventh Proposition this : is "In every right-angled triangle. of which he spoke. Other causes than luxury played and sloth destroy Republics. If small. The want of wisdom in their councils creates exasperating Usurpation of power plays its part.36 Yield it MORALS AND DOGMA. force is too feeble to hold them together. and the fragments of the incoherent raft strew the sandy shores. who Let no defeat or perseonce blundered in statesmanship will blunder again that such blunders are as fatal and that political near-sightedness does not improve There are always more impostors than seers among public by age. men. incapacity seconds corruption. The paltry ambition of small men disintegrates them. and they fall to pieces by their own weight. had out her masquerade of freedom. If of great extent.Pythagoras. Sallust said that after a State has been corrupted by luxury and idleness. it may by its mere greatness bear up under the burden of But even while he wrote. their larger neighbors exits vices. more false prophets than true ones. the is older than. Assyrians. issues. more prophets of Baal than of Jehovah and Jerusalem is always in danger from the . up neither to flattery nor force it! ! cution rob you of as crimes. Believe that he . It is sum of the squares of the base and perpendicular equal to the square of the hypothenuse.

81. 'the Mother. and 5. squares i. ing from the two principles.16. 4. 4. Primitive Matter the Mother.' generation' and the issue of these two. 3. and its sides respectively as 3. "We must suppose that the perpendicular is designed by them . These were OSIRIS.100. In the same way. 13. : 7. the base measuring 3 or 6 parts. 6. Now the Egyptians arranged their deities in Triads the . 4. and if a 8. Plutarch con- tinues to say that the Egyptians compared the universal nature to what they called the most beautiful and perfect triangle. Isis. better says. Thus.25. Triads of the same kind are found in the Kabalah. and Father' Matter. "But the and diviner nature consists of three. the Universe animated by a soul. and those of 6 and and if a square is erected on each side. the square of 3 and 4. Issue or Product. and 5 . 1 1. says. and 9 of are i. proceed. as it is termed. which he has introduced into his Commonwealth.49. or the Conceptive Power and the SON. 3. the square of 10 be formed. 10. 9. 'the Offspring and Gen" the KOSMOS. right-angled triangle and the perpendicular 4 or 8 parts. Plato is wont to call the Intelligible.64. and HORUS." You will not fail to notice that Beauty is . as Plato does. added together. the Nurse.THE MASTER. 15. in his book De Iside et Osiride. The square plied 87 of a number is is the product of that number. 3. 7. Then he adds that this triangle and he is right-angled. Exemplar. 19 are the differences between each square and that which precedes it. symbolized by the Junior Warden in the South. that which exists within the Intellect only. the Universe. 2. the hypothenuse will be 5 or 10 the square of 5 . 8. FATHER or the Spirit or Active Principle or Generative Power the MOTHER. these squares being subdivided into squares each side of which is one part in length. the 'Idea. or the Passive Principle. PLATO gives us Thought the Father. and that which proceeds from these. 9. the Son. and the place and receptacle of PLUTARCH . 4 are The their first ten numbers the square of 2.36. Of these numbers. of which three. 5. or Matter. 5. "a word signifying equally Beauty and Order. which the Greeks call Kosmos. by itself. in that nuptial diagram. parts . esis. and 9. 7. multi3. there will be as many of these in the square erected on the hypothenuse as in the other two squares together. gives . or the Universe itself. and Matter. 9. giving us the sacred numbers. and Kosmos the World. 17.

f being generated. nature had extracted her cube-roots and her squares. number which is composed of even and odd and whose side is equal to the even number 2 but 5. pacity OSIRIS. Long before Ms time. . The friendship to heart are a force like the attrac- and sympathy that knit heart . and that the hypothenuse is to be looked upon as the offspring of both and accordingly the first of them will aptly enough represent . the sacred number in which . or the common effect of the other two. and that they govern in the Universe. may be said to have common parents. out o the preceding numbers. . are his working tools. or the prime cause the second. or man's influence. and which to be replaced of right belongs. the preceding by the mysterious TETRACTYS. and will aid you in discovering the True Word. HORUS. but also to the Kabalah. with the Divine name : leads you. Isis. the base the feminine. a figure Hebrew ought where it priests numbers were contained the number expressed borrowed by him and the alike from . or the receptive cathe last. 2 and For 3 is is the first . not only to the study of the Pythagorean philosophy as to numbers.88 MORALS AND DOGMA. as it were.the Egyptian sacred science. all clasped hands It represented the another symbol which was used by PYTHAGnumber 10." an equal relation to both of them. ****** All the subject to FORCES at man's disposal or under man's control. to represent the masculine nature. and understanding The Tetractys thus what was meant by "The Music of the Spheres. 4 a square . 3.'' Modern science strikingly confirms the id(. The Hebrews formed it thus. letters ot the among the symbols of the Master's Degree. as to :!-- its * * is -\: # * The ORAS.as of Pythagoias in regard to the properties of numbers.

It is the magnetic attraction of the heart toward Truth and Virtue. But if drifted too far northward. the Dioscuri. If this which the sandy particles became the solid law of attraction or cohesion were taken away. The needle. unostentatious. at the mercy of the uncertain. overcome by sleep. flash instantaneously over the nerves of nations. So the Mason who loses sight of these. and by the utterances of noble or ignoble natures. affection. Then the hearts of those who love him are gladdened. carries the mariner safely over the trackless ocean. and happiness are due to the silent. to safe and hospitable harbor. he fell into and was swallowed up by the insatiable sea. The sand hardens . and love were mankind would become a raging multitude of wild and annulled. imbued with this mystic property. will disappear unhonored and unwept. what utter loss of energy and courage It is as if the great axioms of morality were to fail and be no longer true. leaving the human soul to drift helplessly. The means of which great thoughts or base suggestions. and the vessel no longer guided truly. until his glad eyes behold the beneficent beacons that welcome hin. aided sometimes by the irresistible energy of fire and when the pressure of calamity and danger is upon an order or a country. savage beasts of prey. and pointing unerringly to the north. the material worlds and suns would dissolve in an instant into thin invisible vapor. force of electricity. and his home made happy and this gladness . by 89 rock. through storm and darkness. ! eyeless like Prometheus. until. and is no longer governed by their beneficent and potential force. Honor and Duty are the pole-stars of a Mason. into rock under the im- mense superincumbent pressure of the ocean. These Palinurus watched. If the ties of friendship. unerring monitor that was the sailor's guide over the weltering waters. but pointing elsewhere than to the north. analogous to that of sympathy. lying dormant three thousand years 7 in the wheat-grains buried with .THE MASTER. the force of growth. the members or the citizens ought to be the more closely united by the cohesion of sympathy and inter-dependence. fit type of immortality. and sinking out of sight. faithless currents of the deep. is lost. he finds the needle no longer true. tion of cohesion. what a feeling of helplessness falls upon the dismayed mariner. by never losing sight of which he may avoid disastrous shipwreck. Morality is a force.

Growth is a necessity for nations as for men. valuable. prepare the great alluvia for the growth of that . and engulf monarchies and republics. though direct . and nations. So also are Prejudices. fill up the seas. of silent centuries. after the lapse of thousands on thousands rivers. have been long prepared for. slowly disintegrate the granite abrade the plains. Habit '<s is a great force It is it is second nature. and of its currents are as those the . control. strong in nations as in men. and giving birth to the wonderful achievements of steam. Its cessation is the beginning of decay. in individuals. The true statesman ought to see in progress the Causes that are in due time to produce blind. like the geological changes of the and continuously wrought. and aid an oppressed people in its struggle for independence. are slowly great changes in nations. even in trees. and it. as forces. According as that is done. falling mountains from Heaven as rain and dews. it is beneficial and conservaor destructive and ruinous. leaving hills and ridges of denuda. The waters. it is omnipotent and the business of the statesman is to find the means to shape. the snowy envelope of whose seeds is to employ the looms of the world. if unskillfully handled.gO their MORALS AND DOGMA. in free governments. tion as their scoop out the valleys. ized world is International Law and it is so great a force. The Public Opinion of the civiltive. is but a blind leader of the The earth. properly and skillfully availed of. In the nation as well as the plant it is mysterious. that it can even constrain the victorious despot to be generous. the forces of expansion and contraction. atmosphere. and the abundance or penury of whose crops shall determine whether the weavers and spinners of other realms shall have work to do or starve. if men and nations as the passions are. have their parallelisms in the moral world. and it is irresistible. overturn thrones. destructive. monuments and narrow the plant. Revolutions have long roots in the past. like the volcanic eruption. given to . mummies by the old Egyptians . developed in the earthquake and the tornado. them and he who does not . Nevertheless. The earthquakes that rend nations asunder. with no certain and fixed boundaries. So Public Opinion is an immense force inconstant and incomprehensible as . The force exerted is in direct proportion to the previous restraint and compression. which are .

and insures success and CHARITY. not the men of pure man. and the Creative Will whose action seems so incomprehensible. Wisdom in the man or statesman. What is the value of the labor bestowed by the husbandit . State is a mere theory and chimera. compared with the value of the sunshine rain. Corrupt and venal orators are the assassins of the public liberties and of public morals. which is the only true WISDOM. is is the product of human labor but the man upon and his crops. The Will is a force. State Pride. immense power.THE MASTER. like the Arabs. the reverence for a flag. without which his labor avails nothing? Commerce . for example. its limits as yet unknown. gold or the diamond which one accidentally finds without labor is not so. ennoble the people. moral forces are FAITH. and alone makes animated. These forces are within the reach of all men and an associaintellect. Permanency of home is necessary to patriotA migratory race will have little love of country. HOPE. such as. where men remove from State pride ism. and not it for good purposes to State to mislead and corrupt them. that Finally. which is STRENGTH. If to exercise an immense has. and the very foundation of all government. Everything. actuated by them. with indifference. weighing or not sufficiently weighing the force of an ! idea. general w07t-appreciation of some of them the fate of nations often What hecatombs of lives often hang upon the not depends. it is because she ceased to possess them. Insist upon them your public men. govern the world. It is the men of will and action. or the non-estimation of some among them ! asserted. It is in the power of the will that we chiefly see the spiritual and divine in There is a seeming identity between his will that moves other men. in king or priest. largely and upon the consists in the due appreciation of these forces . exhort. the Love of Home. it is a mighty force. . power Masonry does not. who camp here to-day and there to-morrow. which is BEAUTY. or the blind attachment to a form or constitution of government What errors in political economy and statesmanship are committed in consequence of the over-estimation or under-estimation of particular values. united effort possible. Encourage them all. the three greatest . ought in the world. Above in all. to teach. tion of men. See that you use If you have Eloquence. QI are forces of the Love of Country.

rivers down which keels of commerce over these products the ocean float. as they are of national manliness. fickle. but also an actual money-value. and immortal renown. they be- . ****** and premeditated combinations for all when co-operating with human labor creates wealth.92 MORALS AND DOGMA. its heroic impulses. And is all more since excellent it and these have not only the values of the loftier and priceless kind. The Marseillaise was worth to is who shall say how many thousand men? a great element of prosperity and wealth a value not to be calculated. the memories and im- mortal thoughts of her great and wise thinkers. easily counted are sometimes found to have an incalcula- Every nation has some song of a proven value. The removal of one pressing calamity gives eourr. and heroes. fluctuating currents. with their changeable. when virtue and intelligence become qualities of the multitudes of society. Social intercourse and association of men in revolutionary France. its enthusiasms. glory. or aided or enabled by They are of the chief Providence has appointed the three great disciplines of War. the PALACE. of moral worth and intellectual knowledge? These are the sunshine and rain of the State. Serfs that writhe under the whip are not disquieted about . more in lives than dollars. its passions. to train the multitudes forward to intelligent the great purposes governments among men. statesmen. their political rights . only these. Peace also . are apt emblems of the fickle humors of the populace. The winds. adds to the value of the products of the field. the Monarchy and the Priesthood.ge to attempt the removal of the remaining evils. Man advances only by degrees. are the invaluable legacy of that Past to the Present and future. \Yoe to the statesman who does not estimate these as values ! Even music and song ble value. The result will at length be free but for ignorance such governments are impossible. manumitted from personal slavery. rendering men more sensitive to them. by their transportation to different markets but how much of this increase is due to the . beneficent Orders have a value not to be estimated in coin. or perhaps sensitive for the first time. carried on by the labor of man. prosperity. that elements of material wealth. all that the CAMP. or the workshop. heroism. the mine. and the TEMPLE may symbolize. to ! the winds that urge the Who can estimate the value of morality and manliness in a State. illustrious The examples of the Past of a nation.

In the kingdoms of the earth we do not see despotisms retiring and yielding the ground to self-govdo not see the churches and priesthoods erning communities. 93 Liberated from arbitrary power. visits these. We do not see the great religious teachers aiming to discover truth for themselves and for others but still ruling the world. come sensitive to political oppression. and become desirous of working a reformation ism has been set aside. labor and death and the sexual passion are essential and permanent conditions of human existence. Intelligence never or makes still its of villainy. and cannot find time to cultivate the intelligence. will not sacrifice the present enjoyment for a greater one has a in the future. Always. . of pauperism has its roots in the hearts of kingdoms. Men there take no measure of their wants and their own power to supply them. as the populace by their need of government. and contented and compelled to rule the world. War has not ceased appearance as some new development still there are battles and .THE MASTER. Poverty in all its most hideous forms still exists in the great cities and the cancer safely . Nowhere do we see a populace that could be manumitted from such a government. The love of woman cannot die out. and the municipal law there also. and tears and anger and spite where there should be heavens. is Man. and desire to be governed. the vast majority of men must toil to ! it is the live.rth impossible. but by what '!iey deem the best law. it We of Christendom relinquishing their old task of governing men by imaginary terrors. and governed by the law alone. It is quite true that the advance of humanity is slow. to repent of its apostacy to its true creed Undoubtedly. Homes hells make unhappy. they begin to scrutinize the law itself. not only by law. knowing he it to die. Providence having apparently ceased to care for them. So much the more are ! So much wider the field of its labors So necessity for Masonry much the more need for it to begin to be true to itself. And when the civil or temporal despot- 4ias been moulded on the principles of an enlightened jurisprudence. . they may wake to the discovery that they are living under some priestly or ecclesiastical despotism. but live and multiply it like the beasts of the field. and that often pauses and retrogrades. by whatever dogma is already accredited themselves as much bound down by this necessity to govern. to revive ! asphyxia. and . sieges. and render from its ! decree of Fate perfection and a millenium on e?.

Force. much selves. one representative. Thought and But wise and true Thought produces Action. Knowledge. laboriously . because the freedom He reflect . of human life. of the man lies men become daily more can free. like a dry leaf on the wings of the wind. spirit of a Republic. is . upon his own future and summon up its consequences he can take wide views conduct. son there is naturally universal suffrage. nor believe that labor in the cause of Progress will be labor wasted. and that Empires are administered with something of the .94 terrible MORALS AND DOGMA. There is no waste in nature. go to make of life. elected by universal suffrage that States are conveyed to Empires by vote. and enabled at any time to live according to the whole light of the knowledge that is within him. by stress of argument. and inducing habits of sound Thought. they now come before the laity to prove. so much liberty. instead of an assembly of representatives. instead of being driven. either of Matter. But society can be improved and free government is possible for States and freedom of thought and conscience is no longer wholly Utopian. ruling through one man. A Thought is as the end of life as an Action and a single Thought sometimes works greater results than a Revolution. or Thought. Already we see that Emperors prefer to be civilization. They are obliged to evoke the very reason which they are bent on supplanting. Act. Most men attain to a very low standard of it. even Revolutions them. must necessarily be rare. like the light and light and the deep shadow of the passing cloud are the gifts of the prophets of the race. dom of the man as regarded in connection with the necessity imposed by the omnipotence and fore-knowledge of God. by every present impulse. It is generative. all The Thought is that in which life culminates. Accordingly. cannot acquire It is A . Herein lies the freein his reason. and uncontrollable fate. Therefore no one need lose courage. And if Priesthoods still govern. being little else than democracies with a single head. incompatible with the ordinary and indispensable avocations whole world of error as well as of labor. that they ought to govern. the reflective acquired. Thus he is relieved of the tyranny of sense and passion. Still there should not be divorce between true Action. and lay down rules for constant guidance. The multitude of laborers character. So much When emperor and church appeal to realight. increased by the refinements of the veritable syren or goddess of the young. Woman . it.

. more automatic laborers. disinterested guide and it is the very condition of all great structures that the . envious. who had found if his way to heresy without the help of Martin Luther. Long before the Reformation. knowledge. Masonry has already helped pedestals. by an incessant scramble. honorably acquired. is too often used after a fashion is This needed even more Now. Masonry seeks to be this beneficent. loving-kindness for our fellows. without danger of the rack or stake. the education of the market-place and grateful makes him querulous. and urge upon them. not ventur- ing to breathe aloud into any living ear his anti-papal and trea- . provident. The great problem to find guides who will not seek to be tyrants. by trickery and deceit. than reasoning and reflective men. every man not honest or reasonable. and the political or spiritual priesthood who think for that multitude. or contradict other truths given us by God. in respect to the heart than the head. they begin to differ. The proportion is at least a thousand to one. The teacher also is a workman. sound of the hammer and the clink of the trowel should be always heard in some part of the building. the benignant and favoring skies. crafty. When men is begin to reflect. who think how to guide and govern them. That there has been progress needs no other demonstration than that you may now reason with men. more poor than rich. It only exists among the multitude who do not think. and one to share the treasures of all. the mere creatures of habit. Unanimity of opinion is so obtained. and an intolerable niggard. Masonry and the Mason must always work and teach. In the most advanced nation of Europe there more ignorant than wise. Let each do that for which he is best fitted. unambitious. tend to make him earnest. hope for the future of humanity. one are 95 reflective man. the generous returns of the earth. cast down some idols from their and grind to impalpable dust some of the links of the chains that held men's souls in bondage. With faith in man. Praise- is. he who keeps the beacon-light upon the hill is as the active navigator who comes and also at his post. so that the studies of youth are far more noble than the practices of manhood. worthy goes and makes one clime partake of the treasures of the other. earns his special share of the produce of human Useful labor.THE MASTER. a monk. The labor of the farmer in his fields. that no doctrines can be apprehended as truths they contradict each other.

the great divulger of the philosophy of numbers. not without some reservations. Many are lost. and carried.96 MORALS AND DOGMA. expands its branches. which will. and expels its seeds from their seed-vessels. wrote them on parchment. communicated to him. by the virtue of the sea-water that they have imbibed. he succeeded in being admitted of King to the Egyptian initiation. blown. . and he himself became a Master and a Revealer. that he . Amasis. or should have to lie ! tossed across the desert. He went into Judaea. There. and the seed be found not to have been sown in vain." . be whirled into the sea. through all the ages. Pythagoras. the roots and leaves sprout and they grow into fruitful plants. But many are thrown back again from the sea-shore into the desert. Christians. into the sera. feeling the contact of the water. God will not be less careful to provide for the germination of the truths you may boldly utter forth. Thf not without some difficulty. It was some consolation to imagine that in a future age some one might find the parchment. hid it in the massive walls of his monastery. in their turns. There was no friend or brother to whom he could intrust his secret or pour forth his soul. The last disciples of Pasalways calis Martinez are still the children of Orpheus but they adore the realizer of the antique philosophy. as many individual lives of men are useless. again and again. "thy bread upon the waters. and dries up into the form of a ball. it loses its leaves after the flowering season. it unfolds itself. Then it is uprooted by the winds. The power of his genius supplied the deficiencies of the imperfect communications of the Hierophants. like their ancestors. nevertheless. "Cast. where. and the same. visited all the sanctuaries of the world.. 1 where he procured himself to be circumcised. Scarcely six inches high. the Incarnate Word of the Initiation does not many days it change we : shall return to thee again. and sealing up the perilous record. might be which the prophets Ezekiel and Daniel. sonable doctrines." He has said. when saturated with water. upon the recommendation admitted to the secrets of the Kabalah. What if the truth dormant as long before germinating as the wheat in the Egyptian mummy ? Speak it. These. are carried by the tide and laid on the sea-shore. and let it take its chance The rose of Jericho grows in the sandy deserts of Arabia and on the Syrian housetops. and after find it again and again.

all. The reason of Being. is the is the Supreme Music. "Why does something exist?" that is. entire. distinct is even ineffable from and yet ideal of His divinity. and the word that signifies. He is in all. m!"P. and contained." as there are three divine notions Pythagoras said. If Being had a . Living them. Animating. : 97 a Living and Absolute Verity clothed He said that the Word was Number manifested by Form. : Pythagoras gave the magistrates of Crotona political. which. There are the word simple. under hieratic figures analogous to those of all ried antiquity. "Even and three intelligible regions. that is to say. or tradition of the children of Seth. He is not. from Quaternary. of Faith that I . . the word that conceals. in the or later produced idolatry. without That would be to being absurd. The Holy Kabalah. revealed by the Saviour to Saint John. Apocalypse of that Apostle. His name name only expresses the human What God is in Himself. it is not given to all.THE MASTER. taught to the Egyptian priesthood by Joseph. the word hieroglyphical. sooner was carfrom Chaldsea by Abraham. God. Pythagoras defined God with Light. may inquire. "Why does such or such a thing exist?" We But we cannot. and social precept "There is no evil that is not preferable to Anarchy. and the word symbolic: in other terms. but carefully eschewed personifications and images. either the aggregate of existences. is by itself. is Being itself. the nature of which Harmony. he said again. for the Hierarchical Order always manifests itself by threes. there are the word that expresses. the whole hieratic intelligence is in the perfect knowledge of these three degrees. and greater than this man to comprehend. but the absolute of Reason is is am" a wretched translation. recovered and purified by Moses. Being. Existence. or a being philosophically definable. he thought. concealed under symbols in the Bible. for or existence in God as the Intelligent. so there is a triple word. He made all descend from the Tetractys. the abstract. "Why Is Being?" suppose Being before Being. The Kabalists consider Infinite." Pythagoras enveloped doctrine with symbols. and because it Is. this great religious. ask. God is the absolute "/ am BEING.

BEING is BEING: the reason of Being is in Being: in the Beginning is the Word." In Egypt. This belief. is. . that the idea of God is the grandest. But a hierarchy is synthetized. eternally creates it. as the Theurgists of the school of Alexandria taught. modifies God Every philosophy hostile to the national worship and to its myste- . Pyrrho. and is God Himself. . . as the Indian Hierophants believed it to be but only the instrument of the Spirit. would necessarily Be. The high magic is styled "The Sacerdotal Art. manifested to the Intelligence. and gives place to the Faith it adores. and the Word in logic formulated Speech. It is to this philosophic and incontestable reality. under the penalty of never truly phies. and it is in its teachings we must recognize the Divine Principle of the Eternal Word. without being alarmed which it seems to leave above this Supreme Mon- arch. and seems to multiply it. Greece. Yet effect at the abysses the reason cannot pause at a single chief." and "The Royal Art. and Rome. custodian of this basis of Light is not Spirit. is in humanity. then. nature would affirm the absurd nothingness would give form to life. Here is what is above all the philosoThis we must believe. the spoken Reason theWord is in God. first physical manifestation of the Divine afflatus. that cause MORALS AND DOGMA. even for science and the reason. in the image of God. and man. and relapsing into the absurd skepticism of .98 cause. with its eternal sanction. In this name . Reason and science demonstrate to us that the modes of Existence and Being balance each other in equilibrium according to harmonious and hierarchic laws. The Priesthood. Faith. which is termed The Idea of God. What is certain. all others are contained. knowing anything. that the Kabalists give a name. Its cyphers contain all the numbers and the hieroglyphics of its letters express all the laws and all the things of nature. that is. and becomes ever more and more monarchical. the most real of the phenomena of being and if it were false. wholly rests upon knowledge. it could not but share the greatnesses and decadences of the Priesthood and of Royalty. It is not the body of the Protoplastes. the most holy. the cause and would be identical. Therefore it is silent. but the . and the most useful of all the aspirations of man that upon this belief morality reposes. and God would at the same time be and not be. in ascending.

during Eternity uttered forth. the First Principle is Single and First. says "I must write to you in enigmas. Being Supreme and Absolute. and the attributes that them matter. which is everywhere. Causes. It not the genius of Plato that we here admire. which is that of Second Causes [the World BRiAH]. In the Divine world (AZILUTH). compared World of Creation. YEZIRAH. which lose their grandeur. and He alone is the cause of good things. and is the Creative Principle passive. writing to Dionysius the Younger.the Autocracy of the First Principle is but we conceive of it only as the Cause of the Second complete." There is in these few words a complete summary of the The- ology of the Sephiroth." And then he says. we can know of the Very God Wholeness. and not the All man Arkwright Arkwright. In the Kabalistic compared to His unit. only as an infinitesimal fraction of a with an infinity of Units. We recognize only knowledge of the Initiate. which . undefinable but Himself in so far as manifested by the Creative Thought. the Created Perfection. in the eyes of the multitudes. if they cease. and yet not the VERY Illimitable'Deity. to be the images of the Divine Power. spinning-jenny. From this centre. clashes against the Tiara. the Supreme Beauty and Excellence. "All may if letter things surround their King. Formation. constitute . was of necessity hostile to the great political powers. the Centre and Cause of all. or of is revealed in the perfect Form. littleness with infinity. in regard to the nature of the First Principle. clothed with form. Finally: in the third world. he who shall read my in no degree comprehend it. and it is All in All. since is the Principle is at once the First. the Form of Forms. The great Apostle Saint John did not borrow from the philosophy of Plato the opening of his Gospel. they are. the exact . is that of the First Cause. it the World. so it : when that it be intercepted by land or sea. Plato. and wherein the whole Eternity of Things in the beginning existed as Unity. the Second.THE MASTER. Thus the Third. Every Crown is shattered. Plato. Here it is manifested by the Binary. all things ray forth but we especially conceive of it in three manners and in three different spheres. on the contrary. on account of Him. to be afterward. 99 ries. Second for the Seconds and Third for the Thirds. "The King" is AINSOPH. as inventor of the otherwise and beyond is. To compare that. incomprehensible.

the greatest of human Revealers. or an itself. drank in the at the same springs with Saint John and Philo. Injustice is the essence of Falsehood. Doubt. . Admit a self-existent Force. like effervescence trary. or Unity.tO6 MOfeALS AND DOGMA. symbolizes one of the grandest Intelligent cause of it is The Hebrew and most universal allegories of science. and at once GOD Is. The perception of the Light is the dawn of the Eternal Life. On the conthat Thought is manifested and realized in act human an that thinks. for those eyes alone that gaze at it and the Soul. admitted. cause or exist without cause. to the effect and matter cannot think. in the face of the eternal mathematics and the immutable laws of Life which make the Divinity present and visible everywhere. is Crime in words. infinite or act divine. nor could nothing produce either forces or things for in void nothingness no Forces can inhere. and the most act. whom it is evident he had read. which cannot but ema- nate from an Infinite and Thinking Source. the fact and gaseous explosions. could yearn toivard the Word made man the Gospel alone could give him to the world. . in condition of splendor. exists. The philosophy of Plato. . we know. of the chemical or other action or reaction of particles. Moral Evil is Falsehood in actions as Falsehood . at least. The cause is always equal. and its Intelligence. in Being. which is but a special allegory variation of a universal legend. Thought. as Falsehood the poison of the Intelligence. Injustice is the death of the Moral Being. as the Human is known and visible by its utterances of word and is this not the most foolish of superstitions. amorous of the spectacle of the beauties of the L~niverse. but in language especially belonging to Philo. in presence of Being and its harmonies skepticism. inexcusable as well as the most dangerous of all credulities? . The Word of God. seems to be uttered by every Intelligence that can take cognizance of Forms and its will look. . proves the existence of an Entity. of a dogma common many states the first principles schools. is not a result or consequence of the organizaits tion of matter. and John to opening verses of his paraphrase. "Let the Light BE! The Light. And the Universe is the Infinite Utterance of one of number of Infinite Thoughts. nor could it . and every false word is is an injustice. in fact. of the Fall of Man. which creates the Light.

and the Eternal The Grand Arcanum makes him which are at bottom the same thing. that sublime and creative word. seem sometimes to be given them at hazard." seems to utter. But ! woe It opens. is guides the flock of men. the immortal Novi- The allegorical picture of Cebes. and he possesses the philosophical stone. he directs the perpetual movement. the description is a monument at once philo- sophical and magical." says a German poet. master of gold and the light. tiate. "is the dog of that un- known shepherd who to learn to die. in the good and of impunity of evil-doers is that riches. but in life itself. even here below. as God did on the dawn of the first day. is in its very nature inexplicable. Let no one expect us to give them its expla- nation ! He who understands that is it passes behind the veil that hides this mystery. he has solved the problem of the quadrature of the circle. Always.THE MASTER. All the true Initiates have recognized the usefulness of toil and sorrow. have reproduced by this description. those instruments of evil. which is called "The Visible. which the Divine Comedy whereof has and which many painters of the middle age in Plato's time. Life accomplishes its evolutions in accordance with the same laws . "Bel LIGHT!" not beyond the tomb. vice is punished and that which makes us sometimes believe . the discipline of Eternity. when they possess the key of gold for them. and that it it death to those it. nor gap in her work. and at the same time the most audacious demonstration ever given of the Grand Arcanum. as well as to him who reveals This secret ate whom we the Royalty of the Sages. in of Dante was sketched been preserved for us. virtue is rewarded always." To learn to suffer. that we are to seek Salvation or reprobation begins here below. It is a most complete moral synthesis. is in the fine allegory of Cebes. who win by surprise. to unjust men. The Harmonies of Heaven correspond to those of Earth. . even here below. the Crown of the Initisee redescend victorious from the summit of Trials. only the gate of the tomb and of Hell. "Sorrow. of that secret whose revelation would overturn Earth and Heaven. IQt and applying its attention to that luminous writing of the Infinite Book. It is for the mysteries of death. Here the Adepts will understand us. and the terrestrial world too has its Heaven and its Hell. There is neither interruption in the toil of nature.

then. do they not necessarily cause religion to be regarded as a mere puritanic formality. the Kabalists say. They . paltry altars. and ungrateful people? Why always calumniate God and the Sanctuary? Were there never any We among the priests? Could no honest and sinamong the Hierophants of Ceres or Diana. and those worthy ministers clad like notaries or lawyer's clerks." is wanting in mathematics. which presides over the Person.IO2 as the life of a dog." says the Bible also that of Plato. then. brother of the Ancient Serpent. to illuminate only a little corner of Palestine and a brutal. of which the poets have made the false Lucifer of the legend. under the mythologic and horned form of the the he-goat of the Sabbat. It is the instrument of Liberty God PAN thence came . numand tb s luminous doctrine was : Humanity has never ship. all deceived. but which may or Free Will. but the negation of God. "God has arranged . ! prudence and good sense. The magnificences of worship are the life of religion. ber. others than rogues cere men be found without betraying themselves. His Sovereign Divinity does not wish and its . The Devil For the the personification of Atheism or Idolatry. but a Force. constantly deceived them. to the eyes of the Initiates. created for serve for evil. It is so easy to scoff. physical generation. is that of Yahveh is not a black god. and measure. we see it reappear. Those oratories that resemble poorly-furnished offices or inns. They represent this Force. after the nights of Error. like the rest? Who. all things by weight. of Dionusos or Apollo. this is not a good. and God as a Justice of the Peace scoff at the ? Augurs. ignorant. of Hermes or Mithras ? Were these. and if Christ wishes poor ministers. is Light condensed. ceitful reflections. and the Light-bearer or Phosphor. MORALS AND DOGMA. during a series of centuries? for the cheats are not immortal Arago said. Some Protestants have not comprehended that worship is a teaching. Initiates. really had but one religion and one worits This universal light has had uncertain mirages. that outside of the pure he who utters the word "impossible. its de- shadows but always. and that we must not create in the imagination of the multitude a mean or miserable God. one and pure like the Sun. and so difficult well to comprehend. The true . Gold. name reversed for Satan is of Satan. Did the Deity leave the whole world without Light for two score centuries.

and the masses need a teaching proportioned to their imperfect reason. a name that in the Kabalah personifies the Divine Justice. the Supreme Harmony of Belen or Bel. and the vulgar faith or credulity under the god represented with a book. They adored the Trinity under the names of Isis or Hesus. Science under the emblem of Anubis. what can there be in common between the vile multitude and sublime wisdom ? The truth must be kept secret. ing to that of ADOXAI and . . a mysterious book of Apuleius. Christianity was the reign of Thartac. ." For the same reason. is contemplate it in all its brilliance. a cloak. figure of Thartac." and the moral teachings of Pythagoras his "golden verses. of Catnul or Camacl." The Pagans accused the Christians of worshipping an ass. Light they supposed a divine reflection. was called "The Golden Ass. and they did not invent this reproach. but of doubtful orthodoxy. also Below this triangle of composed of three per- . who." Moral disorders produce physical ugliness. that is to say.THE MASTER. to induce the multiFictions are necessary to the people. According to the Samaritan Doctors. Bishop of Ptolemais. and their initiation came from Egypt and Chaldaea. figuring the data of the Kabalah in regard to the DiEgyptian symbols. style the sacred 1 03 numbers of the Kabalah "golden numbers. "that loves at "A Truth close hand. and the head of an ass. wrote : it "The people will always mock must needs have impostures.in which an ass figures largely. from the pure sources of the primitive Kabalah. wisdom and contemplates the forced to disguise it." at things easy to be understood ." he said. also represented the Intelligence by the figure of the Magical Star adored under the name of Remphan. a name correspond. which in Assyrian means Lord. and preferred to Intelligence and Science. blind Faith and vulgar credulity erected into a universal oracle. . whose name they vinity by changed to Nibbas. but it came from the Samaritan Jews. and in some sort realize those frightful faces which tradition assigns to the demon's. I would accept the proposed dignity on condition that I might be a philosopher at home. and abroad a narrator of apologues and parables. a Synesius. In fact. If the sacerdotal laws allowed the reservation of judgments and the allegory of words. The first Druids were the true children of the Magi. a great Kabalist. and tudes to accept it the Truth becomes deadly to those who are not strong enough to Spirit.

Masonry. the two Hebrew words so often found appended to the Ineffable Name. the same as the Thnth of the Egyptians. One of the most mysterious pantacles of the Kabalah. Teutates or Tenth. : sonified rays first. Reaction. and AGLA. or the Starry Armies and their guiding spirits . or the Intelligence formulated. en^K and mfcOX. . above the second Reformatio. ten. TTK. words also which symbolize the Equilibrium of the Forces of Nature and the Harmony of NumTo the three sides of the triangle belong the three great bers. represents an equilateral triangle . contained in the Enchiridion of Leo III. and TSABAOTH. the Word. then Force and Beauty. like all the Religions. inscribed in a double circle. Redemption or Reformation to the SON^ and Sanctification or Transformation to the HOLY SPIRIT. by the elementary signification of the four letters of the Sacred Tetragram ADONAI is the realization of this dogma in the Human Form. IAHAVEH is also. So Creation is Names mrP.IO4 MORALS AND DOGMA. clearly indicating by the hieroglyphics of which this admirable name is formed . IAHAVEIJ. conceals its secrets from all except the Adepts and tions of Sages. the Genesis or Formation of dogma. and uses false explanation . they completed the sacred like their emblems. the Virgin who was to bear a child.. and AGLA (formed of the initials of the four words Ath Gebur Lauldim Adonai} expresses the synthesis of the whole dogma and the totality of the Kabalistic science. holding a child in her arms and they dedicated this image to "The Virgin who will become a mother Virgini paritura. reversed." Hertha or Wertha. or the Powers. ALOHAYIM. and Equilibrium. because she presides over all forms and all symbols. held the spindle of the Fates. and K^K. in On the triangle are writ- such manner as to form the prophetic Tau. in the Visible LORD. Formatio. the Triple Secret of the Great Work. Septenary by a mysterious its image that represented the progress of the dogma and realizations. ascribed to the FATHER. Above the first is written in Latin. and above the third. future This was a young girl veiled. and misinterpretaits symbols to mislead those who deserve only to be mis- . filled with wool half white and half black. answering unto the mathematical laws of Action. the young Isis of Gaul. or the Elect. whose names varied Finally. Hermeticism and Alchemy. who is the Son of God or the perfect Man. all the Mysteries. Queen of Heaven. ADONAI. in effect. and weaves the garment of the Ideas. Transformatio.

from them. and adding to and "improving" them. by color-blindness. and even reared on that the ladder with three or nine rounds. and intentionally leads conceited interpreters astray. To most who it) conceal the Truth. So God Himself incapacitates many men. giving them the power to attain only so much of it as it is profitable to them to know. To the Circle . even of Christianity. So Masonry jealously conceals its secrets. to distinguish colors. are. than the spectacle of the Prestons and the Webbs. and itself traced between two parallel lines. these persons have added the superimposed Bible. There is no book of which so little is known as the Bible. and leads the masses away from the highest Truth. undertaking to "explain" the old symbols of Masonry. 8 new ones. led . so profoundly absurd as actually to excite admiration. The Teachers. or would pervert it. not to mention the later incarnations of Dullness and Commonplace. and then given a vapid interpretation of the whole. the most ignorant of the true meaning of that which they teach. it is as incomprehensible as the Sohar. IO5 it calls Light. Every age has had a religion suited to its capacity. and to Truth is not for those who are unworthy or unable to receive it.THE MASTER. which it. There is no sight under the sun more pitiful and ludicrous at once. in general. draw them away from read it. a figure purely Kabalistic. or inventing inclosing the central point.

by curtailment and sinking into commonplace. as you advance in the different which you will find to constitute a great. and the simplest principles of morality seemed newly discovered truths. You will more fully appreciate object. You are in the path that leads up the slope of the mountain of Truth and . its purposes. as you have received them. not to reveal but to conceal. . They are but the entrance to the great Masonic Temple. and if it has seemed to you that the performance lessons in morality has not come up to the promise. complete. ditions and absurd interpretations. SECRET MASTER. remember that the ceremonies and lessons of those Degrees have been for ages more and more accommodating themselves.IV. and that these antique and simple Degrees now stand like the broken columns of a roofin less Druidic temple. its is a succession of allegories. 106 . and to the intellect and needs of the Pupil and Initiate that they have come to us from an age when symbols were used. that the lessons of morality are not new. . when the commonest learning was confined to a select fe\v. and the scientific instruction is but rudimentary. and Degrees. corrupted by time. You have taken the first step over its threshold. and the symbols are imperfectly explained. the triple columns of the portico. harmonious system. the first step toward the inner sanctuary and heart of the temple. If you have been disappointed in the first three Degrees. to the often limited memory and capacity of the Master and Instructor. in their rude and mutilated greatness also. the mere vehicles of great and philosophy. and disfigured by modern admany parts. MASONRY its spirit.

and by acquiring to be developed. . The true Mason is an ardent seeker after knowledge and he knows that both books and the antique symbols of Masonry are vessels which come down to us full-freighted with the intellectual riches of the Past and that in the lading of these argosies is much that sheds light on the history of Masonry. . Light. and proves its claim to be acknowledged the well . IO7 it will depends upon your secrecy. the tree. lies . Let us rather regard the dignity and excellency of knowledge and learning in that whereunto man's nature doth most aspire. ascendeth to the heavens and their motions. benefactor of mankind. whose real meaning is unknown or misunderstood. Its allegories and traditions will teach you much but much .SECRET MASTER. foundations. It is at the birth of may nothing. as the seed is developed into the shoot. and celebration. born in the very cradle of the race. fidelity. which is immortality or continuance." That our influences shall to this tendeth generation. and in effect the strength of all other human desires. and the like. For to this buildings. and therefore. a few unimportant traditions. to acquire. A few rudimentary lessons in architecture. obedience. which acquisition is Darkness. The streams of learning that now flow and broad must be followed to their heads in the springs that up in the remote past. as Ignorance soul. will no longer satisfy Let whoso is content the earnest inquirer after Masonic truth. a few universally admitted maxims of morality. study. He who desires to understand the harmonious and beautiful proportions of Freemasonry must read. be said to be nothing. the plant. seek to climb no higher. the human and its the development of the growth of the soul. is to be full sought elsewhere." or even by becoming familiar with our traditions. and you will there find the origin and meaning of Masonry. and discriminate. which has in it the man knows pou'cr to grow. It is the seed. Knowledge is the most genuine and real of human treasures for it is . where in body he cannot come. and advance or remain stationary. in one sense. reflect. digest. . and raising of Houses and Famiand monuments to this tendeth the desire of memory. "We need not pause at the in that man. Masonry has a history. with these. whether you Imagine not that you will become indeed a Mason by learning what is commonly called the "work. a philosophy. a literature. wherein common argument that by learning man excelleth man excelleth beasts that by learning man . fame.

sway and control some portion of mankind and of the world. our acts spoken of. as ships. others. cities. Now there was found in it a poor \vise man. to share that wisdom with communicate that knowledge. because they generate Neither are they still. continued twenty-five hundred years or more. and consociateth the most remote regions in participation of their fruits. to and not churlishly to lock up his exchequer. and be living forces when we are in our graves and not merely that our names shall be remembered. nor of the Kings or great personages of much later years for the originals cannot last. how much more are letters to be magnified. the one of the other." If it should chance to you. far the this is the aspiration of the human soul. which carrieth riches and commodities from place to place. For have not the verses of Homer loss of a syllable or letter. exempted from the wrong of time. works shall be read. the son of David. and his words are not heard. says the Preacher. ples." . as evidences that those influences live and rule. yet no man remembered that same poor man. tem- have decayed and been demolished? It is not have the true pictures or statues of Cyrus. and inventions. our names recollected and mentioned when we are dead. is a necessity for every truly noble soul to teach. and possible to . pass through the vast seas of time. : said wisdom is better than strength nevertheless. no. my brother. is equally an impulse of a noble nature. "and few men within it and there came a great King against it and besieged it. which. to do mankind good service. and be I. to be wise. provoking and causing . the poor man's wisdom is despised. "There was a little city. knowledge. illumination. and built great bulwarks against it. castles. But the images of men's genius and knowledge remain in books. infinite actions and opinions in succeeding ages so that if the invention of the ship was thought so noble. and the worthiest work of man. but rather that our . Alexander. fitly to be called and cast their seeds in the minds of others. "We see then how monuments of genius and learning are more durable than monuments of power or of the hands." To learn. without the during which time infinite palaces. and make ages so distant to participate of the wisdom. capable of perpetual renovation. and place a sentinel at the door to drive away the needy. : . Caesar. images. and the copies cannot but lose of the life and truth.IO8 MORALS AND DOGMA. survive us. to attain . and he by his wisdom delivered the city Then.

the People. this or that. Hereafter and all be your object. and man. and in the evening withhold not thy hand for thou knowest not which whether both shall be alike good. and fidelity. Prepare.SECRET MASTER. if when communicated to us. our country. even and we be branded as false Masons and faithless men. and Masonry fulfill her mission. contrary to the law of of Nature. will beckon you way long on the one hand. It is and almost the only lesson taught to the Entered ApThe obligations which we have each assumed toward is indispensable in a Mason that lives. requiring of us the performance of the most serious and onerous duties toward those personally unknown to us until they demand our aid. IOLJ rewarded with indifference and forgetfulness only. halt here! let others scale the heights. by obtaining them. still be not dis- couraged. duties that must be performed. Pleasure. are called on to obey is indeed a law. secrets of our brother. might. Mason of whatever Degree. must be they be such as the law of our country warrants us to are required to keep none other. and destiny. obedience. call on us in their extremity. bound to us by no tie of common obligation. are contented with a lower flight. but remember the further advice of the wise King. teach us how profound a folly it would be to betray our secrets to those who. and to serve mankind this is the noblest destiny of our fellows. by having emanated from We the only source of power. right. upon the other. that you it is may be enabled to do good cause pense. gird ! to resist the allurements of both ! Secrecy the first prentice." . when the urgency of every no time for inquiry. and Indolence will invite you to sleep among the flowers. all smiles. the Edicts which emanate from mere arbitrary or the Great will of a despotic God Law power. To your attain the truth. and the peremptory mandate of our obligation compel us to do a brother's duty to a base impostor. or our solemn oaths be broken and violated. destructive of the inherent rights . or Sow you reaps. If you desire to ascend to that advance! If you have other and less noble objects. when the law that we keep. the occasion should allow us The sacred. at the risk of life. finding in the act itself whoever and do so beample reward and recomthe seed. shall prosper. Learn. "In the morning sow the seed. If you is will advance. . life it is to up your loins for the struggle for the and toilsome. by secrecy.

homage in we may our voice the proud feet. perhaps. and has been. cannot dispense from its paramount obligation. which calls to the fulfillment of duty. may the altar and the sacrifice. This we may do. and will be. of obedience to that law.110 MORALS AND DOGMA. our knees to fall prostrate but our heart we cannot constrain. because judgment of all. God we have lifted against the helpless. This law cannot be man. consistent with pure and abstract right as tempered by necessity and the general interest. free speech. But that law which is the fair expression of the will and judgment of the people. conformable to reason and to nature. eternal. But this is all we can do. its and calls with that irresistible voice which it felt authority wherever is heard. and another in the ages to come. one nor . beg. nor that. or its sanctions affected. all times and in all nations. . and to abstinence is from in all injustice. as contra-distinguished from . for : We we may bring There virtue must still have a voice which is not to be drowned by hymns and acclamations there the crimes which we laud as virtues. indeed. the will of it is all. We can constrain our tongues to be false. abrogated or diminished. In this Degree. of man. it is the work of all. is the enactment of the whole and of every individual. and implore not to ascend too soon to Heaven. Consistent with the law of God and the great law of nature. For obedience to the Law does not mean submission to tyranny . we may As every louder flattery. our features to bend themselves to the semblance of that passionate adoration which we wish to express. from which there is no appeal. by a profligate lift sacrifice of every noble feeling. but in Athens. by any law of A whole senate. it is lawful to rebel against and strive to abrogate. invariable. it is. as a boon. the honor of kissing that of adulation. a whole people. still We we should new victim may fall at bloody hand which has been do more the this the sad remembrance that beings of a human form and soul have done. and he whom we have made a God is the most contemptible of mankind if. . another at distinctly intelligible one thing now. free conscience. my brother. obligatory the solemn upon all. that we are ourselves still more contemptible. offer to despotism the falls. violative of the right of free thought. we do not feel. you are especially to learn the duty There is one true and original law. are crimes still. diffused over all. the private interest of individuals. : It requires no is it commentator to render it one thing at Rome.

and repudiating his nature and in this very act he is who the Common . Conscience is tied to laws. . conducted by reason. from his own bosom. fancy or affection. are the laws of . instructed by laws and sober principles and then it is right. Right or sure conscience is right reason reduced to practice. error and illusion. by the sentences and agreements of men. on himself the severest of retributions. are deduced into rivulets and by the laws and customs. and conducting moral actions. and the disposal of human relaand these general tions. Nothing is more usual than to pre- tend conscience in all the actions of cannot be concealed. laws. assisted by choice. in which there is neither knowledge nor revelation. as it were. one as that God. No man can disobey it without flying. The man which are public and disobedient refuse to submit to the . while perverse conscience is seated in the fancy or a heap of irregular principles and irregular defects the same in conscience as deformity is in the body. nor reason nor religion. gator. its great Author and Promul- Sovereign of all mankind. and the dispositions of human laws for the conscience . It is not enough that the conscience affections and is be taught by nature . and therefore they constitute the general rules of government but necessity also hath a large voice in the arrangement of human affairs.SECRKT MASTER. and it may be sure. Weigh well . that will not allow perfect and abstract justice and equity to be the sole rule of civil government in an imperfect is for the greatest good of the greatest number. and to be careful will inflict that prejudice or passion. All the general measures of justice. It is vow and not pay. Ill and everlasting. and they also in many cases pretend conscience and so disobedience and rebellion become conscience. and by the absolute despotism of necessity. It is our duty to obey the laws of our country. When better thou vowest a thou shouldest not P>e vow unto God. is Himself One. or peevishness in the affections. . even though heescape what is regarded as punishment. and let not thine heart be anything before God for God is in Heaven. operative by discourse. but it must be taught by God. nor truth nor charity. made God. measures. little streams.defer vow than thou : not to pay shouldest it. hasty to utter not rash with thy mouth. be not mistaken for conscience. world and that must needs be law which . and : thou art upon earth therefore let thy words be few. little like a great river into particularities.

and perform all the duties of a good good husband. he who violates his plighted word it has been held unspeakably base. what it is you promise but once the promise and pledge are given remember that he who is false to his obligation will be false to his family. and to nake all men know it for the . since to break either faithful. statue in the capitol. so valuable as that which it takes away.dishonorable. The virtuous Roman said. . rather than be dishonored. Fides servanda est: Faith plighted is ever to be kept. that one should always die . world. but to last when the heavens are no more. but to continue through an endless duration not only to stand the shock of conflicting opinions. Be welfare. therefore. next to that of Jupiter Maximus Optimus and we. Be faithful to your friends for true friendship is of a nature not only to survive through all the vicissitudes of life. to enlarge its sphere of influence. to the is Be base and. Be faithful to father. to the pledges you give. The word of a Mason. his friend. should be stern as the judgments of the Roman Censors against him who violated his oath. like them. by precept and example. and the roar of a revolution that shakes the . not seem expedient. if base.112 MORALS AND DOGMA. a your family. or if it be . and to spring fresh from the ruins of the universe. and to the vows that you assume. Labor. and a good brother. which are often at variance with their to . his country. let it deprives you of the name of a good man and robs you of your integrity and honor? In all ages. promises you make. faithful to ests of Be to popularize it? teachings. Good faith is revered among Masons as it was among the Romans. and his God. and prefer iis dignity and honor any degree of popularity and honor for yourself consulting its interest rather than your own. either let not that which seems expedient be base. was a maxim and an axiom even among pagans. Masonry. What is there which that so-called expediency can bring. who placed its . pledge. hold that calamity should always be chosen rather than baseness and with the knights of old. upon him who violates his . and rather than the pleasure and gratification of the people. to elevate the standard of Masonic character. once given must be sacred and the judgment of his brothers. which is to be faithful to the best intermankind. faithful to your country. like the word of a knight in the times of chivalry. a good son.

and Fraternity. Equality. submissive to . preferring his duty to everything beside. and of enjoying the charms of a friendship founded on the same principles of religion. and Good-will on earth HJ among of Liberty. and ready to assist his fellows by all means in his power. morality. Thus will you be faithful to yourself. . and of good morals . to his family kind and indulgent to his brethren. devoted to humanity. to your fellows. like other Masonic honors. them important instruction. and thus will you do honor to the name and rank of SECRET MASTER. and accustoms them to reflect on the proper mode of living. whom it enables to find friends and brothers in countries where else he would be isolated and solitary to the worthy man . whom it furnishes with noble and useful recreation to the traveller. whom do more good. even to his life ables to . to his country. to the young. by uniting with those who are charitable like himself and to all who have souls capable of appreciating its importance. the laws. deserved. and to God. . because it presents them with salutary precepts and good examples. therefore. to whom it gives assistance to the afflicted. independent in his opinions. on lavishes consolation to the charitable man. in misfortune. should be a man of honor and of conscience. : men . which. because it affords them the opportunity of exercising their talents upon subjects eminently worthy of their attention to the illiterate. to the man of the world. Harmony. . A Freemason. whom it enit . because it offers . and philanthropy. Masonry is useful to all men to the learned. degrades if it is not .SECRET MASTER. Great Apostle of Peace. friend of all virtuous men.

he was employed to do he did diligently. if he never go out way way by a vicious habit or a great crime and he who pera vast work that : that a : . PERFECT MASTER. which ought to be the common qualification of all. He neither ploughs nor carries burdens all that he does is either unprofitable or mis: chievous. these by their wits themselves. is dead. that he is like one is so who . . He received no wa^ges that u'cre not his due. THE What Master Khurum was an industrious and an honest man. It is it is a huge 114 of his any man may do. . when looked at from every point of view. unconcerned in the changes and necessities of the world and he only lives to spend his time. . when his time comes. he dies and perishes. and to do faithfully and honestly that which we have to do perhaps this wants but little. They are common and homely virtues but not for that . Like a vermin or a wolf. neither loves nor respects the idle and those who live . and he did it well and faithfully. if he never be idle and man may go in virtue. Industry and honesty are the virtues peculiarly inculcated in this Degree. and in the mean time is nought. beneath our notice. so Masonry the bees do not love or respect the drones. To do earnestly and steadily. Idleness is the burial of a living man. virtues belong to the character of a Perfect Master. is more rare than diamonds. As and least of all those parasitic acari that live upon For those who are indolent are likely to become dissipated and vicious and perfect honesty. and eat the fruits of the earth. For an idle person useless to any purposes of God and man. of including the whole body of the moral law and even in their commonest and homeliest application.V.

reconcil- ing their enmities. during which the surface of the mind's slug- We that . we halt. with a sigh. if we are fortunate enough to reach it. as the case may be. and in transacting the affairs of their dioceses . and thrown away a huge portion of our Then we. To learn and to do! this is the soul's work here below. correcting their errors. divided every day into these tcrtias of employment: eight hours they spent in the necessities of nature and recreation eight hours in charity. dispatching their business. and color and perfume. and look back along the way we have come. in the way between us and which stood . petually reads good books. But when. to attain some real or fancied object that lay beyond. by a divine alchemy changes what it learns into its own substance. more than we hare done in all our forty years of manhood. that may be cultivated. . at the age of sixty. Augustine. soul hath its senses. or misspent in useless and unprofitable studies and we acknowledge. will have a St. in our mind. reproving their vices. deduct from the sum total of our time. so the soul imbibes knowledge. and the other eight hours they spent in study and prayer. the rain. St. and according as we have profitably invested or wasted our time.PERFECT MASTER. and flower and fruit. . huge stock of knowledge. that life is much too long for which we have to learn and do and that there is an almost fabulous distance between our age and that of our grandfather. think. into wood and leaf. at the age of twenty. in half a score of years well spent. . As the tree takes the carbon of the air. we find that we have made life much too short. : in doing assistance to others. Ambrose. like the body. and the light. and from his example. and by its mysterious chemistry transmutes them into sap and fibre. and grows from within outwardly with an inherent force and power The like those that lie hidden in the grain of wheat. instructing their ignorance. and the food that the earth supplies to its roots. years the hours that we have needlessly passed in sleep the working-hours each day. or unfortunate enough. that we could have learned and done. gish pool has not been stirred or ruffled by a single thought the days that we have gladly got rid of. the hours worse than wasted in and dissipation. if 115 his parts be answerable. The soul grows as truly as an oak grows. and irksomely the intervening days follies . and cast up and endeavor to balance our accounts with time and opportunity. the dew.

because there is a latitude of gain in buying and selling. prethe measure of your affirmation or denial be the understanding of your confor he who deceives the buyer or the seller by speaking what is true. or the elevation of baseness to office. yet it is not safe and he who gains all that he can gain lawfully. simLie not at plicity in bargaining. a noble poem. Let no man. In intercourse with others. and faithfulness in performing. or which thou thinkest so for commodity . and soul little. and to hear and think much to learn. . itself and proportion. and or statue. equally with that which is false. skilled in that manufacture or % and the gain such. The duty of a Mason as an honest man is plain and easy. will possibly be tempted. this year. do not do all which thou mayest lawfully do but keep something within thy power and. It requires of us honesty in contracts. and by the good of our fellows. is allowed same circumstances. although it be lawful.Il6 enlarged. whatever may be required of us by duty. all. . and let is. neither in a little thing nor in a great. become more oppressing and cruel in his bargain but quietly. earnestly and vigorously. to say little. and then to do. in a sense not intended or understood by the other. he who painting a sweet harmony. something unlawfully. next . refined. neither in is word nor deed is : that tend not what tractor false . or a disinterested action. without scandal. take not thou the utmost penny that is lawful. year. or to whom the wisdom of philosophy is but foolishness and babble. to persons in all the . and mankind. sincerity in affirming. . neither in the substance nor in the circumstance. Let your prices be according to that measure of good and evil which is established in the fame and common accounts of the wisest and most merciful men. fitly is of the soul's senses. as MORALS AND DOGMA. a heroic thought. to gain . for bis own poverty. and to study much. . that we may be able to do. and grows fine in stature cannot appreciate a the loftiest truths of less importance than the price of stocks or cotton. A Perfect Master must avoid that which deceives. cover not what true . which prides himself upon that inferiority the inferiority and imperfect develop- ment of the itself. sleep To these are the duties of every Mason who desires to imitate the Master Khurum. our country. merely lives on the level of commonplace. modestly. and patiently . is a liar and a thief. diligently. which.

.PERFECT MASTER. he may be able to say. and claim that by the rules of equity administered in His great chancery. which we would have done to ourselves for we grow richer upon the ruins of their hath . and with ease. The merchant who sells an inferior article for a sound price. and his conscience to adjudge. Let no man take wages or fees for a . and his face till tears and blood come out but pay him exactly grinds according to covenant. fortune. though made to your disadvantage. because he is richer that what he hath he has honestly earned. for every degree of deten- beyond the time. or with advantage manage. what God. this land we devise to our heirs. or cannot with probability undertake or in some sense profitably. ignoble. We then do not that to others. work that he cannot do. it to God. 117 success to recommend his estate Him. is against the rule of equity. made common for that is against both Justice and Charity. unfit for immortality. and of charity. be unlawful or impossible that is. this house in money bets : . or according to his needs. and any after-accident. Let nothing make you break your promise. but base. Let no man appropriate to his own use. That any man should be the worse for us. or the Republic. and follow its interest. the speculator who makes the distresses and needs of others fill his exchequer are neither fair nor honest. that when it comes to him to die. of justice. and for our direct act. that no man on earth is poorer. by a special mercy. which we die. of no advantage to another . not honest to receive anything from another without returning him an equivalent therefor. yourself being under the power of another or that it be intolerably inconvenient to yourself. The gamester who wins the It is of another is dishonest. It should be the earnest desire of every Perfect Master so to live and deal and act. or that you have leave expressed or reasonably presumed. this money that . unless it . and leave the Detain not the wages of the hireling tion of . . though afterward you perceive you might have done better and let not any precedent act of yours be altered by . is injustice and uncharitableness. and no man can go before God. There should be no such thing as and gaming among Masons for no honest man should desire that for nothing which belongs to another. . Religiously keep all promises and covenants. and by our intention. either out of your nature or out of your civil power.

or influence. survive to bear our name. For it is most certain that God is just. by taking that which in God's chancery belongs to him and whether that which thou takest thus be wealth. here or elsewhere. that are not thy due For if thou dost. forum are only his trustee. no wages. thou wilt surely be held to careful. to all from whom we take or win anything whatever. without fair consideration and equivalent. thou wrongest some one. Be make full satisfaction. tion. and will sternly enforce every such trust and that to all whom we despoil. or rank.Il8 enriches those MORALS AND DOGMA. then. . that thou receive ! . He will decree a full and adequate compensa- who and we in that . to all whom we defraud. or reputation or affection. is his and not ours.

never To perform that doubting that it points truly to the north. A consideration will teach us that . duty. he who imagines the world to be filled with his ac119 . as the mariner. disputes. and reward do or do not shine. If. whether the performance be rewarded or unrewarded. and indicates with certainty where-away lies the port which not to reach involves shipwreck and dishonor. He Duty is the moral follows its silent bidding. in calm or storm. follows the bidding of the needle.VI. when land is for many days not in sight. in case of dissensions. are especially taught in this Degree to be zealous and faithto be disinterested and benevolent and to act the peace. without any danger of weeping for new worlds. and quarrels among the brethren. And it doth not matter. may spend his life in propa- gating it. is his sole care. true Mason's course over the tumultuous seas of magnetism which controls and guides the life.] You ful . [Confidential Secretary. that unerring magnet still shows him the true course to steer. therefore. in the light of day or in the darkness of the night of trouble and adversity. Fame has other limits than mountains and oceans the frequent repetition and that he who places happiness in of his name. INTIMATE SECRETARY. though of this performance there ever may be no unknown to little witnesses. maker. and the ocean without path or landmark spreads out all around him. reputation. Whether the stars of honor. and though all what he does will be for- mankind. or necessity of passing the Atlantic sea.

as Africanus counsels his decendour eyes to higher prospects. we think him sufficiently lessened. but to a small part of his fellow-creatures. or to set thyself above him nor ever praise thyself or dispraise any man else. that they may mutually do good to one another. and by our resources. that we may not languish in our endeavors after necessary that. that Remember little we . or at make an objection no hand disparage them. share. all who pain to unvaried ideas. or less so to others.therefore. or and think not the ad. and consider that whatsoever good any we can tell him of many unworthy and . it is we raise . neither delight to remember it to lessen him. by a reciprocation of duties . vancement of thy brother is a lessening of thy worth. usually disparage others upon slight grounds if a man be highly commended. duces this created for the use of man. are attracted by pleasure.I2O tions all MORALS AND DOGMA. or chained down by all who are withheld from attending his . and consider the those who much mention of his name as a usurpation of their time all who are too or too little pleased with themselves to attend to anything . all those who imagine themselves too important to regard him. We are not born for ourselves alone and our country claims her excellence. so As all that the earth promen are created for the sake of men. external . without giving up our hearts to the praise of crowds. sometimes by giving. by industry. And . or fixing our hopes on such rewards as human power can bestow. In we ought to take nature for our guide. and who hear in the valley of life no voice but that of necessity. . sometimes by receiving. unless some sufficient worthy end do hallow it. shall subduct from the number of his encomiast are placed below the flight of fame. and instances and We se-lves. and our friends is their share of us. neither report it to disparage him. if we can but charge one sin of folly or should either be more severe to ourinferiority in his account. Suffer others to be praised in thy presence. one can think or say of us. he will find his renown straitened by nearer bounds than the rocks of Caucasus and perceive that no man can be ven. and contemplate our future and eternal state. Upbraid no man's weakness to him to discomfit him. but lessen the report. erable or formidable. triumph by different pursuits and all who slumber in universal negligence. ants. and praises. and sometimes to cement human society by arts. and entertain their good and glory with delight. and throw into the public stock the offices of general utility.

to entertain his our neighbor own inquiry . in nature. any one ol which. but will shortly commit injustice. If we ciative. If he is wealthy who hath large sums invested. and the mass of his inability arises spirit. with us. let us not call them unlearned and ignorant. He who hath received pay in full for all is the benefits and favors that he has conferred. is not careful to return no more than he re- but prefers that the balances upon the ledgers of benefits shall be in his favor. done by another. or censorious and ungenerous. and ill and stupid judges. and in performance of his offices failings more than enough. 121 foolish and perhaps worse actions of ours. and just and apprepraise and make idols of ns. when is cried up by public fame and popular noises. in his own fortunes evil enough. would be enough. Every man hath in his own life sins enough. will not long remain within the strict limits of honesty and truth. this should be objection sufficient to exclude any man from the society of Masons. or that blushes or that is either shameful in manner or private thing will not be his care and business. who habitually gives harsh judgment will not long delay to give unjust judgment. in his own mind trouble enough. and in his opinions of men. and he who cannot return from poverty whose fortune consists in obligations that bind other men to pay him money. is my wealth . which men keep locks and bars. He who loves himself too much must needs love others too little and he . both in his acts. a favor of equally poor. and after the virtues of an excellent person but anything .INTIMATE SECRETARY. The generous man will be solicitous and inquisitive into the beauty and order of a well-governed family. the wealthy man merely invests his means and that which he never : 9 . so that curiosity after the affairs of others cannot be without envy and an ill mind. like a spendthrift who to. Beyond a moderate sum each year. The generous man ceives . has consumed his whole estate. and laments over an empty He who requites my favors with ingratitude adds exchequer. whether sordidness of soul. he is still more so to whom many owe large returns of kindnesses and favors. He who is selfish and grasping. for It to see the light. and his constructions of their conduct. or pecuniary indigence. that he is not disinterested and generous. instead of diminishing. to destroy his reputation. when they think the people wise and sagacious.

Masons must be kind and Fre- quenting the same temples. an actual and real portion of his fortune. of his innocent . low and sordid in its purposes nor that of . ambition. frank. and sincere. the word : "brother. They protect the feeble against the strong. Generosity and a liberal nial. circumventing.\22 MORALS AND DOGMA. more solicitude for each other's improvement and good fortune somewhat of brotherly feeling. light. spirit make men to be humane and geopen-hearted. living only opinion of others. but only when we have They succor and comfort God. and are the guardians. To be liberal. easy and contented. envious of the good fortune of others. censorious. . and overreaching. Nor can any man any more be a Mason than he can be a gentleman. when to give deprives us of a luxury or a comfort. to be . absorbing. severe. and the defenceless against rapacity and craft. we we are wandering at a great distance from the true Masonic affectionate one to another. and disinterested. and their escutcheons and quarterings are to be found in heaven's great book of heraldry. are treacherous friends or bad neighbors or bitter competitors or corrupt unprincipled politicians or overreaching dealers in business. They are noble by God's patent. they should feel that respect and that kindness for each other. If we are governed by inclination and not by duty. covetous. the poor. in the relations or intercourse of life dutiful children . if we if we are unfaithful parents or unare harsh masters or faithless servants if . which their com- and common approach to one God should inspire. that it be not shame to use relation mon There needs . unless he is generous. under and helpless wards. and gratitude more than money or power. is still uses like favors unreturned and kindnesses unreciprocated. in the mercenary. or injurious. He who is worldly. but only of that which is our own to be generous. liberal. and well-wishers of mankind. selfish. restless. much more of the spirit of the ancient fellowship among us more tenderness for each other's faults. earnest to do good. keen and bitter in its competitions. to give. first been just. or sensual must change before he can be a good Mason. They value friends more than riches or fame. if we are unkind. this is Masonry indeed. kneeling at the same altars. ungenerous and hard in its dealings. eager. . more forgiveness." to interfere with that kindness Nothing should be allowed affection and neither the spirit of business.

nor swift to take offence. unjust. and not rash and hasty. and to do good for good. you are disregarded if you urge it and be . and according to the great- The generous man cannot but putes among his brethren. he must needs control his own passions. unscrupulous. you provoke ous. It is regret to see dissensions and disOnly the base and ungenerous delight the poorest occupation of humanity to labor to think worse of each other. nor easy to be an- gered. unnatural and monstrous in his affections. and too comthe pulpit. but he must never forget a good turn. to bring together those who are severed or estranged to keep friends from becoming foes. and He that does me a favor. to of thankfulness. all is thinks the world born to minister to sea. and to persuade foes to become . worse than that of the into itself. make men friends. . in if For anger is a professed enemy to counsel. than to return evil for evil because a man may forgive an injury. although it receives all rivers furnishes the clouds and springs with a return of they need. which no man can be heard to speak or call from without for you counsel gently. It it more. in discord. It is a direct storm. as the press. Our duty to those esteem and love their persons. its 123 own success. It is neither manly nor ingenumakes marriage to be a necessary and unavoidable trouble It friendships and societies and familiarities. to turns of service. monly do.INTIMATE SECRETARY. . or to love that which did him good. who are our benefactors is. . The . hath bound me to make him a return obligation comes not by covenant. changing places with the hustingsand the tribune. and makes the levities of wine It makes innocent jesting to be the beginto run into madness. or as they . or duty. to be intolerable. be. The duty of the Mason is to endeavor to make man think better of his neighbor to quiet. whom it is more natural to love his friend. or as opportunity presents itself ness of their kindnesses. nor by his own express intention but by the nature of the thing and is a duty springing up within the spirit of the obliged person. yet all it which. To do this. He that refuses to do good to them whom he is bound to love. multiplies the evils of drunkenness. . vehement. instead of aggravating difficulties. need. miserably vain of slanderous. It turns friendship into hatred it makes a ning of tragedies. . . . and him with a greediness . to make them proportionable reaccording as we can. or profit.

therefore. torn. in disputation. and Brotherly Love. It turns the desires of knowledge into an itch of wrangling. the fierce fight to fall house. struggle in vain. and Concord. and glory. and Empires together in one great band of peace and amity. and judg- man It ment vied. into oppression. you fit yourself to keep peace and harerning your mony among other men. to die untended. adds insolency to power. It turns justice into cruelty. If that treasure were sunk in the sea. and especially the brethren. takes from ten thousand bloody hand into our homes those who lived there in peace and comfort. oaths. The national mind is brought down. and universities." is Wherever there no Masonry . there for Masonry Peace. or rib and tie together a continent with rails of iron. in awful agony. it . Kingdoms. of fever or exposure. It makes a prosperous man to be en- and the unfortunate to be unpitied. in battle. that first remember that Masonry Masons there must be no which can best work and hatred the realm of peace.1 24 MORALS AND DOGMA. to noisome and horrid hospitals. controlling your own temper. lose himself. The groans of the battle-field are echoed in sighs of bereavement from thousands of desolated hearths. and the habit of measuring brute strength against brute strength. to wrath and revenge. exists. that would suffice to build ten thousand churches. the soldier brings worse sorrow to his home. The country is demoralized. a vacant chair at every table. Masonry is the great Peace Society of the world. is best agree. hospitals. Returning. Above all See. held by the tender ties of family and It drags them away. and govown passions. to rise no more. kindred. It changes discipline into tediousness and hatred of liberal institution. from the noble interchange of kind offices with another people. or to be hacked. it Wherever it struggles to prevent international difficulties and disputes and to bind Republics. It would not so often . and that "among dissension. There is a skeleton in every . if Masons knew their power and valued their Who war? Masonry all its glitter can sum up the horrors and woes accumulated in a single is not dazzled with all its pomp and circumstance. of camp-vices. Treasures are expended. but only that noble emulation. and base pride. and mangled in on the gory field. and his reason and his argument. It War comes with its very dwellings. by the infection which he has caught. is strife and is among the brethren. in infectious climes . or to be borne away.

. the earth is deluged with a sea of blood. because fitted. you do Masonry. If you will be entitled. in . until . Such are the lessons of this Degree. and the guide of your life and conduct. to advance you do not.INTIMATE SECRETARY. 125 would be calamity enough but it is put to worse use for it is expended in cutting into the veins and arteries of human life. you have already gone too far. You have vowed to make them the rule. the law. If so.

That is the cardinal rule. THE lesson which this Degree inculcates is JUSTICE. and weigh carefully the facts and the arguments offered before them. nor be too facile and yielding to the views and arguments of . They must hear patiently. . remember accurately. In deducing the motive from the proven act.& l& VII. They must not leap hastily to conclusions. and in our intercourse and dealing with other men. nor form opinions before they have heard all. or of fact and law mingled and to assume the heavy responsibilities which belong to that character. every intelligent man is liable to be called on to act as a judge. that weigh nothing separately. Those who are invested with the power of judgment should judge the causes of all persons uprightly and impartially. to observe. or the needs of the poor. but those which they would think it just and fair for the world to assign to it. to prove their own acuteness and sagacity. in decision and judgment. any personal consideration of the power of the mighty. weigh much together. without . But they must do more. which no one will dispute though many fail to observe it. they must not assign to the act either the best or the \vorst motives. either of fact alone. to These are sound rules for every juror. if they themselves had done it nor must they endeavor .others. : make many little circumstances. or the bribe of the rich. They must not presume crime or fraud. They must divest themselves of prejudice and preconception. 126 also. They must neither be ruled by stubborn pride of opinion. In a country where trial by jury is known. PROVOST AND JUDGE.

In our intercourse with others. the : stain obliterated by bitterer struggles and severer sufferings but the efforts and the endurance which might have raised the soul to the loftiest heights are now exhausted in merely regaining what . ordained to follow guilt. have it in their power to avert an injury from those to whom it is offered. be turned from but the injury may its . of preventing wrong and it injustice. To this end teaches this great and momentous truth : that done cannot be undone. his happiness. injustice once . . a disfiguring of the image of the Beautiful and Good. the second. are numbered with the irrevocable Past that the wrong that is done contains its own retributive penalty as surely and as naturally as the acorn contains the oak. an offence against our own Punsouls. The field of this Degree is therefore a more detestable. It is not an arbitrary and artificial annex- but an ordinary and logical consequence and therefore must be borne by the wrong-doer. So active injustice may be done in two ways by force and by fraud. there are 12J two kinds of injustice: an injury. but the occurrence of It is an effect. form of law. but by a law enacted by H*im as the Creator and Legislator of the Universe. . tion from. it needs no Its consequences are its punishment other. of which force is lion-like.PROVOST AND JUDGE. his property. There can be no interference with. and of those offer fraud fox-like. or protecation. the both utterly repugnant to social duty. wrongful acts. but fraud to another. ishment is not the execution of a sentence. and cannot be separated from it. is an injury done to our own Nature. in the to others. The debasement may be redeemed by after-efforts. or his reputation. of those who who the first. or remittance of. but are eternal in their consequences once committed. done. is an offence against the law of justice. God will not inconsequence and in that sense The act which has debased sins. and can have no heavier they are involved in its commisA wrong done to another sion. not by the decree of God as a judge. wrong and . whether it affect his person. and through him may flow on It is the decision of the infinite justice of God. and the most effectual means . and yet do it not. . the natural effects of our terpose between the cause and there can be no forgiveness of our soul is may be repented of. . Every wrong done by one man wide and vast one mode and Masonry seeks for the most impressive of enforcing the law of justice.

but it does not incapacitate the soul to do right Past. that every act of its ours must bear must remain forever ineffaceably inscribed on the Universal Nature. Their quickly-attenuated force soon becomes inaudible to ears. Omnipotence of God cannot uncommit a deed. every atom of the atmosphere takes up the altered movement due to that infinitesi- mal portion of primitive motion which has been conveyed to it . and all the powers of Nature. cannot make that undone which has been done. are there. but for efforts more energetic than . Wrong and evil perpetrated. and him who has always done it has well. lost. The commission of the wrong is an irrevocable act. Even the pulsations of the air. cease not to exist with the sounds to which they gave rise. but not of effacing the Past. for the future. If allotted fruit. make reparation. and in less than twenty hours. according to the everlasting la\vs tablets of > lutely you have wronged another. not to obliterate the Past. before. call for no despair. though ineffaceable. human But the waves of air thus raised perambulate the surface of earth and ocean. though no man may perceive them.128 MORALS AND DOGMA. once set in motion by the human voice. He duct. the so far as may consequences to the body. You may. Repentance is still as valid as ever . but it is valid to se- cure the Future. There must always be a wide difference between him who only ceases to do evil. and resodetermine against any such weakness in future. its own fruit. than he who believes that penitence and par- don shall will at any time unlink the chain of sequences. could not make it undone. were they to conspire in your behalf. possible. the consequences to the soul. you may grieve. are written in the annals of the and must reverberate throughout all time. according to the meaning of human language. but the deed is done. like every other act. it is party The injured It is well. who believes that those deeds will inevitably bear their natural consequences. but its Its consequences cannot be expunged course need not be pursued. bears. Repentance for a wrong done. repent. will certainly be a far more scrupulous watcher over his con- and far more careful of his deeds. the fruit of purifying the heart and amending the Future. forgive you. do less wrong and injustice. if the conviction in Surely is we fixed and embedded that even the our souls that everything done is done irrevocably. exempt from after intervention.

in politics. as well as the latest signs of mortality. nor slander than robbery nor seduction than murder. mighty irrevocably chained to the testimony of his crime for every atom of his mortal frame. He may repent he may. some movement derived from that very muscular effort by which the crime itself was perpetrated. the testimony of man's changeful will. said or even whispered. than to punishment see still in action. at the bar. . and which must continue to influence its path throughout its future existence. .PROVOST AND JUDGE. adhering to it through every combination. and ocean are the eternal witnesses of the acts we have done. are deemed no more venial than theft. through whatever changes it's particles may migrate. another to partake. will still retain. unison. There. stand forever recorded. after agonizing regain the path of virtue his spirit may reachieve its struggles. and render our remorse and grief as eternal as those consequences themselves? No more fearful to a superior intelligence can be conceived. The track of every keel which tered in the future has ever disturbed the surface of the ocean remains forever regismovements of all succeeding particles which its may occupy place. vows unredeemed. still its code of morals proceeds upon other principles than the municipal law and it condemns and punishes offences which neither that law In the Masonic law. No motion impressed by natural causes or by human agency is ever obliterated. to punishes nor public opinion condemns. a cause of wrong put in it must continue motion by itself ages before. : . though we cannot. mixed with the earliest. Every criminal is by the laws of the Al. The air is one vast on whose pages is forever written all that man has ever library. Though it does not endeavor to usurp the place of religion. in their mutable. What our idle if our faculties should be so enhanced in a future life as to enable us to perceive and trace the ineffaceable consequences of words and evil deeds. God reads that So that earth. promises unfulfilled perpetuating. cheat and overreach in trade. I2Q through countless channels. with the consciousness that in action forever. Masonry. by its teachings. in the movements of each particle. nor a deliberate lie than perjury. endeavors to restrain men from the commission of injustice a-nd acts of wrong and outrage. book. Especially it condemns those wrongs of which the doer induces . but unerring characters. air. all in .

whose downward course (the step of which he taught) he cannot check. our feet would have slipped. what forgiveness of sins can avail him there? There is his perpetual. or a little longer continued. and aroused our passions. has forged. upon the slippery crags that overhung the abyss of and when. also. after many strifes . if temptation had been a little more urgent. indicate less virtue and less sacrifice of interest." But we cannot say that the former has not struggled long. to the slight degree of the temptation nor but that the fall of the other may have : been preceded by the most vehement self-contest. though unsuccessfully.130 purity through fellow-creature guilt. We little of the real merits or demerits of any fellow-creacan rarely say with certainty that this man is more guilty than that. much anguish. and that man guilt. Generosity as well as niggardliness may be a mere yielding to native temperament and in the eye of Heaven. or a little more wine had further disturbed our intellect. but the weaker but whom he led astray. feet stood has been ever chaste of one may have but we cannot tell but that the innocence been due to the coldness of his heart. . never to rise again. caused by the most over-mastering frenzy. and we should have fallen. to the ab. or even that this man is very good or very wicked. and atoned for by the most hallowing repentance. which no repentance can alleviate. Let us be just. has pilfered. this man has committed adultery. a long life of beneficence in one man may have cost less effort. has embezzled moneys intrusted to him and that man has gone through life with clean hands. We may be able to say "This man has lied. We can say which has the cleanest hands before man. at some time in been on the edge of the commission of a crime. Every "one of us can look back. MORALS AND DOGMA. in judging of other men's motives. his inevitable punishment. than a few rare . if penury had pressed us a little harder. whom he made a sharer in his whom he cannot make a sharer in his repentance and first amendment. We know but ture. to the presence of a fear. his life. against temptations under which the second would have succumbed without an effort. sence of a motive. dethroned our judgment. and no mercy can remit. and may . We may be able to say. Often the basest men leave behind them excellent repu- There is scarcely one of us who has not. but not which has the cleanest soul before God. and shuddering see the time when our tations. but is compelled to witness.

is not one gigantic mass of injustice and wrong. could resist the abandonment. God seeth not as man seeth and ! ! . that sacrificed the virtue of their poor abandoned sister of shame? Perhaps they also have not fallen. because they have not been sorely tempted Wisely are we directed to pray that we may not be exposed to temptation. to our eyes. may light burning in a corner is been tried and tempted like the poor outcast. even of our most immediate fellows. which would long since have gone out in that of those who walk proudly in the sunshine of immaculate fame. ! Human justice must be ever uncertain. How do we know that our daughter. should not have fallen like him. how do we know that. of stainless integrity. of which we nre not the slaves . in a life of failure. We do not know even the outside life of men. if they had before the world. more of the noblest elements of moral grandeur. in every country. 13! hidden acts of kindness wrung by duty out of the reluctant and unsympathizing nature of the other. and perhaps with less resistance? How can we know what zvc should do if we were out of employment. famine crouching. than in a career. petent to We are not com- pronounce even on their deeds. the most abandoned criminal. the distress. We do not know half the acts of wickedness or virtue. gaunt. ! portion of our evil deeds and thoughts that ever comes to light. the temptation. sin. even of our nearest friend. sister. When we condemn tempted like or pity the fallen. wife. on our fireless hearth. There may be more real merit. and shame. as soon. and broken a particu- commandment. we hungry. How many judicial murders have been committed through ignorance of the phenomena of insanity How many men hung for murder who were no more murderers at heart than the jury that tried and the judge that sentenced them It may well be doubted whether the administration of human laws. . more self-sacrificing effort. man ask his own heart ! Of how many of our best and of our worst acts and qualities are our most intimate associates utterly unconscious many virtues does ! How not the world give us credit for. that he has not lar committed a particular Let each sin. and our children wailing for bread? We fall not because we are not enough tempted! He that hath fallen may be at heart as honest as we. and him. black as he yet have continued to keep some little of his soul. with certainty. the desola- tion. We cannot say. that we do not possess or vices It is but a small condemn us for.PROVOST AND JUDGE.

will be far deeper than those of indifference. be just in judging of other men. forbidden indulgence. the whole system of dishonesty. ridicule. that you exercise your and charitably. But to the Mason. and frauds which do not affect our pecuniary interest. their countenance has . . of case he acquits himself.132 MORALS AND DOGMA. enfolding the poor late. . . is and of our few redeeming goodnesses. Yet you have assumed it we all assume it for man is ever ready to judge. They are respecta- dishonor comes not near them . for ends vast and momentous as their own being. are too proud of their goodness. and the consequences of which must be eternal. For example. They have much to do with all thoughtful hearts. not those which are in sight. yet touch us in our feelings. it . and intriguing am- contempt. and gains . only when and we should assume the prerogative of judg. not merely as a scene of mean toils and strifes. the largest portion to known God alone. therefore. evasion. in passing judgment upon cautiously the criminal. bition. uncharitableness. forlorn. weight and influence their robes are unstained the poisonous breath of . you commit a greater wrong than that for which you condemn him. and the consequences of error are so serious No man need covet the office of judge for in assuming it he as. wretch. will be looked upon by a thoughtful Mason. It is a sad and unworthy but that indigstrife. and may well be viewed with indignation nation must melt into pity. and ever ready to condemn his neighbor. The public eye may look unconcernedly on the miserable victim of vice. The faults and crimes and follies of other men are not unimportant to us but form a part of our moral discipline. forsaken soul office . and concern our moral welfare. are charitable. For the stakes for which these gamesters play are not those which they imagine. in which men are struggling with each other. or All human offences. circumventing. . . lest. while upon the same state . therefore. War and bloodshed at a distance. but the real stake he gains is sycophancy. it is the form of sacred humanity that is before him it is an erring fellow-being a desoand his thoughts. See. but as the solemn conflicts of immortal minds. slander. ing others only when the duty is forced upon us since we are so almost certain to err. and deceit. Good men ble . sumes the gravest and most oppressive responsibility. and that shattered wreck of a man may move the multitude to laughter or to scorn. this man plays for a petty office. We we shall.

It itself. and hasty reprovers. and irritable relatives generally fail. If it yields to us. but with charity. Many and this is his neighbors' faults. to reclaim the his faults. the abhorrence of addition. the might of love. the control of mildness duing over passion. that they may not be soiled by his touch Yet the Great Master of Virtue did not so but descended . for instance. to familiar intercourse with publicans itan woman. . The wickedness of my neighbor cannot submit to . it must yield to what in us. treat his brethren who go astray. in proportion as they can When they go over the catalogue of their ! neighbor's unhappy derelictions of temper or conduct. My faults are not the instruments that are to arrest And therefore impatient reformers. in all immoris itself calamity and brings upon disapproval. with the outcasts Samarand the Pariahs of the Hebrew sinners. erring. nor with a laxity of conscience. loss. they often. nor with worldly indifference. in the and misery added to guilt. with pitying loving-kindness. that accounts everything well. with the and world. nor yet with good-natured easiness. that passes bitterness Not with under the seal of public opinion . and angry parents. The human heart will not wrong is in divine bow willingly to what is infirm and human nature. in their several departments. nor with the philosophic coldness. Many men detect sins in others think themselves better. ! . sickness. and denouncing preachers. dishonor. So it is that a Mason should .PROVOST AND JUDGE. of gentleness is too little seen in the world the subinfluences of pity. . 133 calumny has never been breathed upon their fair name. The power er. the commanding majesty of that perfect character which mingles grave displeasure with grief and pity for the offend. and the soul's own . pain. the calamity of God's virtuous men. that to wisdom and moderation. It is guilt. feel much apparent concern. and even take actual pleasure in the sins of the case with every one whose thoughts are often employed in agreeable comparisons of his own virtues with even to virtue. How easy it is for them to look down with scorn upon the poor degraded offender to pass him by with a lofty step to draw up the folds of their garment around them. destroys all their own pretensions amidst a secret exultation. A tal moral offence is part of man. to my anger against his vices. others . my wickedness his sensuality.

and crushed affections desperate fortunes these are steps that might have led any one among us to unfurl upon the high seas the bloody flag of universal defiance to wage war with our kind to live the life and die the death of the reckless and remorseless free. of sinful pleasure or grinding poverty familiarity with vice a scorned and blighted name seared . . as you or I might have been. in us all. the peacemakers. ordaining for us a lot more favorable to virtue. cultivation. nor for personal strife. in childhood. Speak kindly to your erring brother God pities him Christ has died for him: Providence waits for him: Heaven's mercy yearns toward him and Heaven's spirits are ready to welcome him back with joy. . We Perhaps we should have fallen as he did. Among all the benedictions of the Holy Mount there is not one for this man but for the merciful. he is the most to be pitied of human beings. the temptations. Silent pity and sorrow for the victim should mingle with our detestation of the guilt. all had that within us. through the successive processes of moral deterioration. frail and sinful to be vindictive toward even the worst criminals. but patiently and tenderly. with this no matter for petty provocation. that. but also deeply to be pitied. evil ! MORALS AND DOGMA. that might have been pushed to the same excess. The wretch whom the execration of the throngare all We men There are elements ing crowd pursues to the scaffold. and not you.134 abhorrence. of like passions. . and exults at ! it. and the persecuted they are poured out freely. . ! : It is nor for selfish irritation. It is has done himself a far deeper injury than he him. Orphanage . We owe much to the good Providence of God. whom God regards with . Even the pirate who murders in cold blood on the high seas. with less temptation. which might have been perverted. in proportion to the temptation or provocation. is such a man . were less excusable than his great crime. is not worse than any one of that multitude might have become under similar circumstances. . He has done you. that If God is using for his recovery one defrauds you. He is to be It condemned does not become the indeed. Perhaps we have done acts. or base and dissolute and abandoned parents an unfriended youth evil companions ignorance and want of moral . Let your voice be in unison with all those powers . . propensities. and exposures. mingled displeasure and compassion and His judgment should be your law. . to the worst of crimes. Deal faithfully.

On all accounts." lesson taught the Provost Such is the and Judge. It may be that when God . Many loving hand at the altar. He will take into consideration the temptaand the adverse circumstances that led to them. He was to pity him. but feel it as weak.1'ROVOST AND JUDGE. once clasped another little hooter. ! weighs men's crimes. Pity him then his blighted hopes and It is proper that frail and erring creatures his crushed heart like us should do so. let the true Mason never forget the solemn injunction. necessary to be observed at almost every moment of a busy life: "J UDGE NOT LEST YE YOURSELVES BE JUDGED: FOR WHATSOEVER JUDGMENT YE MEASURE UNTO OTHERS. and the murderer's lighter than according to man's judgment. THE > SAME SHALL IN TURN BE MEASURED UNTO YOU. tempted. and rescued creatures should. o"oe the object of sisterly love and domestic endearment. and the opportunities for moral culture of the offender and it may be that our tions . Perhaps his hand. therefore. own offences will weigh heavier than we think. 135 affecting relationships of humanity plead with us His head once rested on a mother's bosom. since often red with blood. should feel the crime. .

blazing in the distance. and in the present you are taught charity and beas .~ VIII. Each is a development of a particular duty. The Degrees of this Rite are not for those who are content with the to explore the mere work and ceremonies. and to scale the heights upon whose summit Light and Truth sit enthroned. alone. yourseJf everywhere in the world. who have not by study and application made themselves familiar with Masonic learning and jurisprudence. and for some time will be excluwhen you shall have learned to practise all the sively occupied. that none are entitled to advance in the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. You still advance toward the toward that star. : How far 136 . and preserved amid all the vicissitudes of ages in the traditions and teachings of Masonry. When you shall have become imbued with the morality of Masonry. IN this Degree you have been taught the important lesson. with which you yet are. which is an emLight. depends upon Here. 4 INTENDANT OF THE BUILDING. and do not seek that lie mines of wisdom buried beneath the surface. given by God to the first men. Darkness with Light. blem of the Divine Truth. virtues which it inculcates when they become familiar to you as your Household Gods: then will you be prepared to receive its lofty philosophical instruction. Step by step men must advance toward Perfection and each Masonic Degree is meant to be one of those steps. you will advance. and clouds and shadows intervene between struggles you and the Truth.

. yourown Here. by giving to every man his due. of the profound awe and reverence with which we contemplate His glories and the third. to be the indispensable . when relaxed from our necessary cares The and concerns. either obscure or won.INTENDANT OF THE BUILDING. and the five circuits which you made around the Lodge. and protect him against malice and evilspeaking to uphold him when about to stumble and fall and to give him prudent. and friendly counsel. as in all the Degrees. 10 . even barefoot and upon flinty ground to remember him in your supplications to the Deity to clasp him to your heart. we then covet to see. . and Legislator of the universe. . is the first of Masonic duties. . to hear. Masonry has faith in all times religiously preserved that enlightened from which flow sublime Devotedness. the ordinances of Masonry. Truth. The Battery of this Degree. To go upon a brother's errand or to his relief. Whatever is virtuous consists either in Sagacity. we with which ties. To appreciate His infinite greatness and goodness. the second. nevolence to be to . we reflect upon our insufficient observance of our dustatutes. the sentiment of Fraternity fruitful of good works. Creator. derful. and observing the faith of contracts or in the greatness and firmness of an elevated and unsubdued mind or in observing order and regularity in all our words and in all our actions in which consist Moderation and Temperance. to revere and venerate Him as the Supreme Architect. . the spirit of indulgence and peace. honest.d the perception of Truth or in the preservation of Human Society. you meet with the emblems and the names of Deity. an. Therefore. and our imperfect compliance with His distinguishing property of man is to search for and follow after truth. means of l-iving happily. Candor are most agreeable to the nature of manSimplicity. to rely implicitly upon His Providence. the true knowledge of whose character and attri. and kind. of the sorrow . faults butes it has ever been a chief object of Masonry to perpetuate. . . are duties plainly written upon the pages of God's great code of law. The first sign of the Degree is expressive of the diffidence and humility with which inquire into the nature and attributes of the Deity. and are intended to recall them vividly to your mind. and to learn somewhat and we esteem knowledge of things. 137 your brethren an example of virtue to correct and to endeavor to correct those of your brethren. and first among . allude to the five points of fellowship.

as hints. it labors at the present day is Masonic discourse zealously than ever. to prepare for that fortunate period. To comfort misfortune. united by the bonds of Toleration and Fraternity. and even enthusiasm. to teach whatever is true and pure in religion and philosophy. without seeking to make men perfect. these are labors that may well do not now enlarge upon or elaborate these ideas. Masonry is not made for cold souls and narrow minds. shall excite zeal be but one household. love of God. of sweet hopes and effectual consolations and inflexibility in the accomplishment of the most painful and arduous duties. nor inquire into the mysteries of regen- . extends it in its purity and simplicity. Its object is to attain the greatest practical good. preserves that religious feeling. in which all the A members work together with ardor for the common good. to popularize knowledge. We but them to you briefly. and especially recall the two constitutive principles of religion.138 MORALS AND DOGMA. no matter what his obeyed by every just. cer- We utter tain. faith or creed. they will be unfolded. and marching under the great banner of Charity and Benevolence. that does not demonstrate the more necessity and advantages of this faith. explained. upright. . when all the fractions of the Human Family. strengthens it. Masonic Lodge should resemble a bee-hive. Hereafter. to accustom men to respect order and the proprieties of life. as it existed even under the dominion of the most ancient forms of worship. It has always propagated it with ardor and perseverance and therefore . It asks of its initiates nothing that it is not possible and even easy for them to perform. Scarcely a pronounced. because they are so. that make all religion. and developed. to be disregarded. Masonry. Here the anathema against lukewarm souls applies. Masons carry these principles into the bosoms of their families and of society. While the Sectarians of former times enfeebled the religious spirit. Masonry utters no impracticable and extravagant precepts. but where gross and debasing superstitions forbade its recognition. forming one great People over the whole globe. and its statutes can be teachings are eminently practical and honest man. upon which you may at your leisure reflect. Its . if you continue to advance. and love of our neighbor. to point out the way to genuine happiness. that do not comprehend its lofty mission and sublime apostolate. It does not meddle with the domain of religion. as it has always existed in the depths of the human heart.

the active. and that this though not our only one. the scene of its illimitable . the arena of its conflicts. and unworthy. render it . progress. to make the most of it. ent is our scene of action. response they find in every uncorrupted mind. his home. It is his house. and the dear the place of opportunity for the development . as the only sphere deserving the love of the It teaches that man has loving or the meditation of the wise. is among the stars. world is not merely the portal to another . here his influences are to operate. Not low worldliness but the love of Earth as the garden on which the . high duties to perform. Masonry does not occupy itself with crying down this world. on which he should lavish his affections and his efforts. and a high destiny to fulfill. Masonry teaches us. to enjoy to study it. and fix them upon Heaven. to love it. The law of our being is Love of Life.INTENDANT OF THE BUILDING. also. of power. It is his country. to . the good. those views of duty which have been wrought out by the meditations of the studious.nd wise. and the Future for speculation and for trust. and its interests and adornments . of fame. It is and not a tent. of ease. He is sent hankering after. matize. not to be constantly him. It 139 God upon the heart of teaches those truths that are written by the finger of man. . eration. will man best prepare for that Future which he hopes for. its thrilling interests. Creator has lavished such miracles of beauty as the habitation of humanity. noble and holy affections nor exhort us to detach our hearts . . confirmed by the allegiance of the good c. fleeting. preparing for another but to do his duty and fulfill his destiny on this earth to do all that lies in his power to improve it. man was sent upon the earth to live in it. of splendor. into this world. His life here is part of his immortality and this world. to embellish it. The Unseen cannot hold a higher place in our affections than the Seen and the Familiar. is an integral one. and the particular one with which we are here meant to be concerned that the Pres. with its its splendid beauty. love of wealth. to those around who are to come after him. that it. . and not merely a school. love of the world in which our lot interests and affections of earth. dreaming of. to those a scene of elevated happiness to himself. and stamped as sterling by the It does not dognor vainly imagine dogmatic certainty to be attainable. its glorious works. from this earthly life. the loving. on this earth . as empty.t this life. the dwelling-place of the wise. th?. And thus. engrossment with the Not a low or sensual love not is cast.

so also is im. True. will work life. and the tenderest sympathies. but a thing to be thankful for. that they should despise moderately. as any power. under. we must feel that the object is worth the exertion and be content with this world in which God has placed us. God hath not taken all that pains in forming ing the world. there is a finer essence within. The man-machine hurries to and fro upon the earth. and honor and virtue and industry have reputation in the world. contemptible race. As long as the world lasts. and does not deem this an unworthy world. that which moves it.140 . a deep interest in. the mechanism often works with diffi. and so to do our duty as Masons. your country. . to unnumbered labors and enterprises and almost always the motive. You would not so discredit your family. and lose their interest in the welfare of their fellows. the loftiest virtues. Those who underfeel value this naturally become querulous and discontented. there will be ambition and emulation and appetite in the best and most accomplished men in it and if there were not. heavy or expansive. He is here with us. itself. They take very unprofitable pains. wretched and a worthless one nor is it a misfortune. to toil. MORALS AND DOGMA. tions it. of the noblest passions. and affection for. . If life is worthless. by means of sin and suffering and sorrow. your friendly The world is not a circle. in that living mechanism of human relationships that spreads itself over the world.s something that takes hold of the comforts. ignorant. mortality. more barbarity and vice and wickedness would cover every nation of the world. and hopes of social existence. affections. this resolutely for its amelioration. It is a serious thing to defame and belie a whole world to speak of it as the abode of a poor. Those only who world. To serve them. who endeavor to persuade men that they are obliged wholly to despise this world. to barter. until He permits us to remove to a better one. if they do not love it too imattempt to extinguish all It is useless to those affec- and passions which are and always will be inseparable from human nature. It will and framing and furnishing and adornwho were made by Him to live in it be enough. your city. your village. toiling. In society moves the sounding manufactory or the swift-flying car. that as truly moves it. even whilst they themselves live here. stretches out its hands on every side. . to be a man. than it now suffers . drudging. . and all that is in it.

he would fling down the spade and axe.INTENDANT OF THE BUILDING. nor even fields . wise. It is the good. not soils and and flowers. ings. good But he is and loses the tine sense of That I can be a friend. but rule . it is the invisible. That there is such a place on earth as a home. obstructs. If they could. nor constitutions. nor the police but the univerenactments. jars. though be a true. nor nor the judicial power. and rush to the desert or roam through the world as a wilderness. which he sees not. whom you never saw. trade. and no government on earth could stand for an political state is not . hour. all this. . grates 14! and screams with harsh collision. becoming intermixed with baser coarser ingredients. the rush of business. and therefore unobserved. that wondrous good fortune. That one can have a friend. Take off that restraint. . but once or twice in a day. . The most striking feature of the governments. whom you never will see. we may set against all the sufferings of our social nature. and make that world a desert. commerce would furl its sails all on every sea. deranges the neither grateful nor it were but one in the world that fact. and free and and noble action of social life. can speak his true thoughts. amidst all the anglings of controversy and the warring of opinions that fact from within. that is most beautiful. nor laws. that I can . it is the exception. and noble faith that men have in each other. the essence of finer motive. often repulsive and we are apt to lose the due sense of its invisible bless- not the coarse and palpable. drags heavily. is the invisible bond of the world. you hold good for a bond of thousands. that resort and sanctuary of in-walled and shielded joy. that are so beautiful. annoying. What nerves the arm of toil ? If man minded himself alone. True. culty. and all the cities of the world would crumble into The bare character of a man on the other side. outweighs all facts from without. perhaps. and commerce. of the world. social who looks cynically on in its perversions. which gives the loftiest character to business. His home. Honesty is the the frauds in the world cannot tear the great bond of confidence. strong. Fraud occurs in in As Nature it is rains. one of the most valuable is. we may set against all the surrounding desolations of life. and human ruins. social j man. sal will of the people to be governed by the common weal. as the invisible spirit of wisdom and beauty that pervades it so in society. often clogs. In the visible aspect and action of society. Of the many teachings of Masonry.

religion is laid is and if this life is an evil . tell its followers to fold . be a festival. little its honors faded. its pleasures palled. as if in disdain of their state and species but it looks soberly and cheerfully upon the world. their friendships broken. buried in the ruins of misanthropy. it hails of a child with joy. It does not teach its initiates to think better of other works and dis- pensations of God. and piety dull. but in competition. looks upon both as parts of one system. with all its evils. who have deliberately made up it is far more miserable than happy. fit only for mockery and scorn to consider this earth as a dungeon or a prison. . which has no blessing to offer but escape from it. It holds that a man may make the best of this world and of another at the same time. their arms. . and It has no sympathy with those it and found their minds that life. The on the firm belief that God and a curse. deed be ulation so. highest being and des air. natural all To deny that and revealed. very foundation of . It does not hold. or their friends dead. who profess to have proved this worth. life is a blessing. and its paths beaten. and holds that his birthday should . and all specthat belongs to man's . of exalted usefulness. does not absurdly set up the claims of another world. as a theatre of worthy action. is then it matters not what. by thinking meanly of these. the state that He has ordained for us. Masonry deems if it no mark of great toward God to dis- not despise. with the claims of this. and of rational and innocent enjoy- ment. melancholy. nor regard its employments as trifles unworthy of immortal beings nor . else faith is is true or not true vain and is vain . to destroy the basis of all religion. is to extinguish the primal light of faith and hope and happiness. and Truth's foundation in the goodness of God. because its employments are tedious. like the Hebrews. as mean and contemptible to look on this world as the habitation of a miserable race. not in comIt parison merely.142 that MORALS AND DOGMA. to destroy the basis of reliIf it ingion. To level our satire at humanity and human existence. familiar. and their schemes often baffled. we should reflect not depreciate this life. It parage. It is holds that. no such belief can good be rationally entertained. that when we to bedew the birth on the destiny that awaits man on earth. we ought his cradle with our tears but. It does not look upon life as so much time lost.

or barren. The splen. and become powers and inwonderful Author. The glory of all human virtue clothes it. 143 ing. to be immortal in our influences projected far into the slow-approaching Future. Our love of life the tenacity with which. to the spot that . the bright thoughts. Life is not only good but it has been glorious in the experience which life . unsightly. The brightness of the soul shines through this visible and sometimes dark- ened life . sprung from . The connection with its Infinite Source. the immeasurable. The mind stretches away. dors of devotedness. or in the scanty annals of our thanksgiving. far into the boundless. are and with whole and unnoticed periods of prosperity between. because it bore us calmly and gently. into infinity. into the great. regreat agony is an epoch in our life. . To know its . as we do the storm and earthquake. to bring down wisdom from the Eternal Stars. to the Ruler of all worlds. nor disturb the order and course of our thoughts. the wonderful creation of God. It does not excite us. dark. all show how dear are the ties of kindred and society. that are unrecorded either in the book of memory. more conscious of A We like disastrous events. It is a strange. in sorrow and sufferwe cling to it our attachment to our home. of millions. and love. We are little disposed and less able to call up from the dim remembrances of our past years. We mark and signalize the times of calamity. gratitude. makes Life life is most worthy and most glorious. Its thoughts flash abroad. through life all its humblest may feel its surrounding cares and labors. unusual guest. It is light. in the frail inner There is something mighty in this man something . beneficence. on every side. recorded because extraordinary They . to any place. to bear upward its homage. the infinite far . and heroism are upon it the crown of a thousand martyrdoms is upon its brow. teeming future fluences in other ages. because they are out of the common course of things. but many happy days and unnoted periods of enjoyment pass. the affections in throngs of kind flowed on. member our afflictions. Happiness lives with us. on which the history of our years has been written.INTENDANT OF THE BUILDING. Misery makes a greater impression upon us than happiness. and we are its presence. however rude. because the former is not the habit of our minds. bearing us almost unconsciously upon its bosom. the quiet reveries. the easy sensations. and we forget it. of immortality momentary and transient being. gave us birth. the peaceful moments.

peace in its . this are blessings upon birth . It is a rill from the infinite. to that when Goodness attends it There is gladness gift. youth deep satisfaction in its strong maturity and quiet age. or are if we much proud. virtue for the valiant. power. . or covetous. joy in the buoyant . tune. if \ve fear to die. and think impatience a worse evil than a .144 void darkness MORALS AND DOGMA. . he proclaims his wants and his beggarly condition. overflowing goodness . or a sickness. . at the next melancholy. ing created from nothing. where Heaven. Thus earth. here. step of faithful ble life. To the lofty-minded. ease the burdens of the world and the enmities It is the great reasonableness of complying with the Divine Providence. that and ministers to it. or know not how to be patient. if we suffer contentedness and equanimity to make poor who doth not think himwith impatience he desires more. appointed one remedy for all the evils in the world . and fear not death so as a dishonest action. and that is a contented spirit. . waked from inertness and impotence be- . which governs all the world. and from the moment when light. the pure. and Infinity and Eternity are spread before him and around him. and victory for the an infinity for those its There is. It is fit that God should dispense His gifts as He pleases and if we m-urmur . even in this hum- whose there desires are boundless. Many it buries in the rubbish of dull cares and wearying vanities but to the Mason it is the lofty mount of meditation. then the calamity sits heavy on us. or a lessened . and the proportions. is hope in its death which binds many in chains. There and eter- nity in its prospect. life is God hath the beginning of Heaven. be troubled that He did not make lets f 01 We us to be angels or stars. or scorn. its . we may. It is a great and glorious it in its infant voices . and the contrast may well enkindle wonder and delight. and the t only instrument of sad chances. We may be reconciled to poverty and a low fortune. is to the Mason both the starting-place and goal of immortality. it first gushes up into the mingles with the ocean of Eternity. and a part of immortality. This virtue of contentedness was the sum of all the old moral philosophy. if. and hath so ordered us in the administration of His great family. and the virtuous. ourselves make our fortunes good or bad and when God loose a Tyrant upon us. But know how to manage a noble principle. No man is self so but in a full fortune. is of most universal use in the whole course of our lives. There is good for the good .

\ve may folly. and it rains but defend ourselves sadly. and give occasion for heroic endurance. temporal affliction . we may to .INTENDANT OF THE BUILDING. still bear an even mind and smile at the reverses of fortune and the ill-nature of Fate. and tread sure for fear of our enemies. being indifferent to thy gain abroad. treads truest and if there be nothing else in abuse. for so a man his shall overrule his stars upon own content. yet do not die impatiently. but that it friend will. and we may forgive . his anger. If it develop our patience. makes us turn it into something that is good. if he be not sucAlexander or Wellington. command these passions. when he is weary. or thy safety at home. A soldier cessful as must not think himself unprosperous. tent. When tial relator of our faults an enemy reproaches us. and you are freer than the Parthian Kings. unless that other hath first enslaved himself to life and death. but to secure thy content. can make another man to be his slave. For no chance is evil to him who is con: if to a man nothing is miserable unless it be unreasonable. When the north wind blows hard. The ox. take sanctuary in an honest retirement. So when the storm of a sad mischance beats upon our spirits. look upon those thousands with whom thou wouldst not. fever. If thou fallest from thy employment in public. nor any man deem himself : unfortunate that he hath not the wealth of Rothschild let but rather generals the former rejoice that he is not lessened like the many . Compare not thy condition with the few above thee. while we make use of the plainness of his declamation. change thy fortune and condition. that is better than to be flattered into pride and carelessness. we do not sit down in it and cry against it with a warm garment. it hath done us good enough to re- . compense us wise sufficiently for all the . walk warily. if we resolve to make it so and with equanimity and patience may shelter ourselves from its inclement pitiless pelting. to pleasure or pain. for any interest. or a good fire and a dry roof. or than thou didst expect. let us look on him as an imparfor he will tell us truer than our fondest . and No man to hope or fear . If thou hast lost thy land. 145 and pride to be the greatest disgrace as well as the greatest and poverty far preferable to the torments of avarice. than all and have a greater influence the constellations and planets of the firmament. do not also lose thy constancy and thou must die sooner than others.

by nature. . We a thousand calamities. and keep all company. perhaps a loving wife. not by evil customs and ambitious principles. the Providence of for those who have . and many friends to pity. but to be vicious and impatient. beast better. and we are not yet born to the morrow. fair condition that you you must and unless you be content with one. that hath two or three mountains to graze on. . and do all men's business. liberty. our hopes of Heaven. if God sends them. our charity injured us. not by your fancy . . and meditate and science. clouds and every morning little bee that feeds on Providence? There are some instances of fortune and a cannot stand with some others lose that. . and the evils of it bear patiently and calmly for this day only is ours we are dead to yesterday. and the latter not the beggar who. . The blessings of immunity.146 MORALS AND DOGMA. safeguard. and inare quit from tegrity deserve the thanksgiving of a whole life. every one of which. if it were upon us. not your fortunes by your desires be governed by your needs. discourse. and glad to receive it in exchange for that other greater affliction. and get experience. a cheerful spirit. There may be many wind who are richer and very miserable. than the dew or manna. and prefer to sit down on our little handful of thorns. and some to relieve us and light and air. : Is that It is no evil to be poor. more fortunate but many thousands who are compared to thee. there will be something a merry countenance. Enjoy the blessings of this day. horse and who went down that he is man before Napoleon. . and lives upon what falls from the store-houses of Heaven. would make us insensible of our present sorrow. and a good conleft to us. : reverses. you must be ever abroad in public. Measure your desires by your fortune and condition. our spirits are unchanged. God. bareheaded in the bleak winter holds out his tattered hat for charity. When our fortunes are violently changed. If you will be rich. After the worst assaults of Fortune. having still these blessings. you must be frugal if you will be popular. we should be much in love with sorrow and peevishness to lose them all. and have no leisure at all. . retired life if honors of State and political distinctions. you must have leisure and a fort of both. you must but if desire this. if they always stood in the suburbs and expectation of sorrows and . you lose the comIf you covet learning. and all the beauties of Nature we can read.

and envy to his fortune. be bountiful . is not contented. but selfish and unfeeling. God himself is love. comfortable himself. have been so excellent. that of a man lazy and luxurious. The man whose hasty anger hurries him into violence and crime is not half so unworthy to live. "through which God passes all His mercy upon mankind. and suffering cries in an unknown tongue." it has been well said. God esteems it one of His glories. which is the other part of charity. or hard and penurious. you must despise riches. and his virtue without it could not. you must needs accept his persecution if . It is the saddest of all sights upon this earth. suffering to alleviate. who need his assistance and have a claim upon his sympathy. like his discomfort of others. selfishness. He is the 'faithless steward. For we receive absolution of our sins in proportion to our forgiving our brother. . or the reason is discovered. necessities and destitution to relieve. and ample occasion for the exercise of active charity and beneficence. that He brings good out of if . 147 a philosopher. of a benefactor of the world. If you would have the reputation of a martyr. for it added lustre to his person. evil and therefore it were but reason we should trust Him to govern His own world as He pleases and that we should patiently wait until the change cometh. the world's injustice if truly great. A Mason's contentedness must by no means be a mere contented . accept also his poverty. perhaps enjoying his own comforts and luxuries the more. is indifferent to the There will always be in this world wrongs to forgive. but for others also. sorrow asking for sympathy. every degree of charity that dwells Divine nature." in us is the participation of the . who. and . and he can be so only when he lives not for himself alone. the great sentence upon mankind shall be transacted according to our alms.JNTENDANT OF THE BUILDING. If you would be famous as Epaminondas. This is the rule of our hopes and the measure of our desire in this world and on the day of death and judgment. you must expect to see the mob prefer lesser men to yourself. that embezzles what God has given him in trust for the impoverished and suffering among his brethren. And he who sits unconcerned amidst it all. to whom want appeals in vain. by contrasting them with the hungry and ragged destitution and shivering misery of his fellows. The true Mason must be and must have a right to be content with himself. "Charity is the great channel.

meanings are only to be discovered by reTruth is not only symbolized by Light. The sphynx was a symbol. truths and even religious truth. It is the province of Masonry to teach not moral truth alone. By them it exIt especially pects you to be hereafter guided and governed. inculcates them upon him who employs the labor of others. so is truth separable into kinds. but as the ray of light is separable into rays of different colors. so far as concerns the great and essential principles of each. The symbols and ceremonies of Masonry have more than one meaning. price that by over-exertion they must sell him their blood at the same time with the labor of their hands. and their varied flection -and study. These principles Masonry reduces to practice. at least . forbidding him to discharge them. To whom has it disclosed its inmost meaning? Who knows the symbolic meaning of the pyramids ? all You will hereafter learn who are the chief foes of earnestly hope will hereafter overtake those enemies of humanity. against whom Masonry has struggled so long.148 MORALS AND DOGMA. but political and philosophical. and life These Degrees are also intended to teach more than morals. They hint it only. symbolized by the assassins of the Master fate you may see foreshadowed that which human liberty Khurum and in their . we . when to want employment is to starve or to contract for the labor of man or woman at so low a . They rather conceal than disclose the Truth.

. to the very depths of the self-control.] ORIGINALLY created to reward fidelity. devotedness. It requires self-renunciation and . obedience. It . rebuking our littlenesses and meannesses. Degree was consecrated to bravery. and generosity and ultra-liberal Rationalistic refinement sometimes soars covered infidelity . It penetrates beyond the region of vague sentiment beyond the regions where moralizers and philosophers have woven their fine theories and elaborated their beautiful maxims. "Protect the oppressed against the oppressor and devote yourself to the honor and interests of your Country." Masonry is not "speculative. but experimental not sentimental. but practical. heart. . and neglects homely truth. This terrible soleIt world of r . They are summed up in the simple mandate. wears a stern face toward men's vices. candor. of good maxims and bad deeds whose darker passions are not only restrained by custom and ceremony. and patriotism and your obligation has made known to you the duties which this . arraigning our prejudices and passions. and interferes with many of our pursuits and our fancied pleasures.IX. a w orld of admirable sayings and foul practices." nor theoretical. and devotion. 149 . Romish sentimentalism has often and vice Protestant straightness often lauds spirituality and faith. wars against the passions that spring out of the bosom of a fine sentiments. and warring against the armies of our vices. cism has existed in all ages. ELECT OF THE NINE. but hidden even from itself by a veil of beautiful sentiments. you have assumed. [Elu of the Nine.

revenge. transitory splendors. O . profession. resolute. Masonry plays about them like the cold brilliant lights that flush and eddy over Northern skies. as when they and they do not cultivate Mafirst stood there as Apprentices with a cultivation. and wallows in the mire of earth in its deeds. generosity. . covetousness. the latter permanent and controlling impressions of goodness and virtue. their cultivation of their estate. though There are occasional flashes of generous and manly feeling. nor habitual kindness. oppression. they make no progress. or knowledge. or oppressive. . but pursue the wrong. and regular. How wonderfully indignant the penurious man often is. they are still in the Northeast corner of the Lodge. of . cruel oppression. or liberality. The former are general and involuntary. or a careless talker of others. takes its chance in . and shape and control our conduct it is these that Masonry insists upon. but no practical. Every one feels them. and do not rise to the character of virtue.150 to MORALS AND DOGMA. and momentary gleams of just and noble thought. fraud. or slander. determined. in its heaven dreams. and yet a world little or no Masonry. We story of approve the right. like sonry. . No one abets or praises injustice. It is no rare thing for him whose indignation is kindled at how many who condemn a tale of wicked injustice. to be in some relation unjust. are themselves guilty of them. and yet these things. of the injured and ruined victims of wrong. The former are temporary sensations. or misery inflicted by unbridled indulgence whose anger flames in behalf . mournfully barren of results general and inefficient sentiment. It is the old human deficiency. and disinterestedness. but not principles. The and latter are rules of action. selfsacrifice. base slander. In many minds there is a vague and general sentiment of Masonic charity. in words and formulas and fine pro- Most men have sentiments. There may be a world of Masonic sentiment. at the avarice or want of public said. active virtue. envy. or self-indulgent. They flash up spontaneously in every heart. or envious. They do nothing they gain no victories over themselves. Their Masonry fessions. and transient coruscations. . that light the Heaven of their imagination but there is no vital warmth in the heart and it remains as cold and sterile as the Arctic or Antarctic regions. spirit of another ! A great Preacher well "Therefore thou art inexcusable.

whosoever thou honor. to sacrifice a certain indulgence. and Masons yield to the argument here. wrested to their purpose. for wherein thou judgest thou condemnest thyself: for thou that judgest. and the passions Here. Often. It is curious to see with what a marvellous facility many bad men quote Scripture. . their emotions For the time. is not able to resist his worse impulses. The mouth speaks out of the abundance of the heart . It is not always hypocrisy. or to keep his temper in a dispute. strong disgust at vice and sensuality. are again stirred at the opportunities of unlawful pleasure. either. But to-morrow.ttl-ECT OF THE NINE. . in that particular case. interested in Masonry. l$l art. and sentiments are sincere and be really. their fine all selfishness emotions about virtue. the smaller stock he has of it. with facility and readiness because nothing is to follow. or. for the practice of feeling only. so ungenerous and unrighteous. Lodge. man in general. doest the another. melt away like a morning cloud. He says so. the more he talks about Virtue. the more a man talks about Charity and Toleration. real. and yet a very good in the Lodge and bad in the world and bad in his family good at home. It seems to comfort their evil consciences. and safe. but often the very reverse of what the man practises. And the vicious and sensual often express. you will find that he does not wish to be a good Mason. The duties of life are more than life. Hypocrisy is not so common as is imagined. while fatally deficient in virtue. whose life denies both. a journey or in a strange city. The law imposeth it upon . and in a sense feel. Many a man earnestly desires to be a good Mason. to use good words and to gloze over bad deeds with holy texts. But if you require him to resist a certain passion. virtue and vice are matters of reflection and There is little opportunity here. all their generous abhorrence of and sensuality. to fed upon these matters. in a certain way. same things. and yet are constantly guilty of acts so bad and base. that the crimes that crowd the dockets of our courts are scarcely worse. the less he has of either. wishing." It is amazing to see how men can talk of virtue and Man. here. when they breathe the atmosphere of worldly gains and competitions. Men pray most fervently and sincerely. that judgest. Men may A man bad man may be a good sort of : in particular good in public. It is easy. in the . and bad on . to control his appetite at a particular feast. and is sincere.

glory to Heaven ? How barren a tree he and does nothing to is. for the benefit of their brethren. . and not inertness. but only lived and died That we have liberty to do anything. the sunken. it isthe comforter titles can bestow. we should account it a gift from the favoring Heavens. non ut vivam:" it needs that I go it is not necessary I should : : live. yet leaves not one seed. and the degraded. and consoler of the unfortunate and wretched. the disconsolate it endeavors to raise the ignorant. as and mankind. who dies. then he cannot for any danger of tempest justify the throwing of them overboard.152 MORALS AND DOGMA. that he prefer the urgent service of his country before the safety of his life. It pities the poor. Industry is never wholly unfruitful. not one to generate another after him All cannot leave alike all may leave something. who desires to go thither alone. good work ! . It is the advocate of the common people in those things which concern the best interests of mankind. and the means it sets on . Masonry is action. and improve Its fidelity to its mission will be accurately evidenced. by the it extent of the efforts employs. that we have minds ! sometimes inclining us to use that liberty well. and and cumbers the ground. Heaven. If a man be commanded. Those are dead and withered grains of corn. If gates. to improve the people at large and to better their condition chiefest . for there it holdeth which was spoken by the Roman. It requires its Initiates to WORK. He will hardly find the way to spreads. How unworthy was that man of the world who never did aught. actively and earnestly. How reflect a ungratefully he slinks away. answering their proportions and their yet kinds. to bring ordnance or munition to relieve any of the King's towns that are distressed. There is a kind of it it bring not joy with banish mischief from thy busied will yet ever carries a laurel in his good angel waiting upon Diligence that hand to crown her. the incoming profit. saith a great writer. It hates insolent power and impudent usurpation. i every citizen. is a great bounty of the Deity. who lives. the sorrowing. when the same necessity of weather was alleged to hold him from embarking "Necesse est ut earn. than to enjoy all that rank and office and lofty their country. foot. out of which there will not one ear spring. It seems to it a worthier honor to be the instrument of advancement and reform. It is the patron of the oppressed.

it . and cannot long be oppressed . It is not the mission of acies against the civil Masonry .ELECT OF THE NINE. Media. It illusion of glory. in its own calm and simple dignity. and no colonies had crossed the Himalayas into Southgovernment. It is not the fanatical propagandist of any creed or theory nor does it proclaim itself the enemy of kings. It is still that man when no human ern India. and the regulation of relations in ii as a truth. It does not those as its Initiates who assail the civil order and all lawful authority. flames It it with an unnatural thirst for ideal and Utopian life liberty. equality. that necessity. within its reach. dreamers. refine. the same under every which it was in the cradle of the hufoot had trodden the soil of Assyria race. It is the apostle of liberty. ment. informed of its rights. at the same time that they propose to deprive the dying of the consolations of religion. as well as abstract ideal justice. will soon come to know its power. but it is constitutional monarchy. without being appalled by phantoms and shaken by terrors. Unthinking stupidity cannot sleep. that season is past. and fraternity. and sobriety of habits is the sure guarantee for the continuance of political freedom and only it is chiefly the soldier of the sanctity of the laws and the rights teaches that in rectitude of . no more the high-priest of republicanism than of It contracts no entangling alliances know with any sect of theorists. the elaborate ornaments at the top of the pyramid of society will be a wretched if compensation for the want of solidity at the base. the politeness. 153 of which. is to aid in the education of the children of the poor. but there be not a sound and virtuous populace. It recognizes right and the administration of affairs. or philosophers. or Etruria. or gives no countenance to anarchy and licentiousness and no extravagant emulation of the ancients in. must have its part in the making' of laws. to engage in plots and conspir- government. The improvement for popular liberty of the mass of the people is the grand security in the neglect of which. and Egypt. It for a nation to repose on the lap of ignorance: and is never safe there ever if was a time when public tranquillity was insured by the absence of knowledge. of conscience. An intelligent people. It sits apart from all sects and creeds. and knowledge accumulated in the higher orders and wealthier classes will some day perish like dry grass in the hot fire of popular fury.

though in sight of the scaffold streaming with the blood of the innocent. But it purposes clear to . ment will never make a on where. indeed. pauperism. or to deprave and brutalize the human mind. shall cease and disappear. It detests the tyrant. . and within hearing of the clash of the bayonets meant to overawe the court. unfortunate brother. and bondage or abject dependence. work out his own and believes that great and wise and it is willing to wait. or one tyrant for another. It regard of the rights of humanity. or any number or race of intellect. to teach a toleration for cruelty. and generously strives to be so. and a wanton disIt abhors the selfish employer. It trusts God way will. if a juror in such a case. a Mason. Wherever a people is fit to be free and to govern itself. so degraded. It sees. to weaken moral hatred for guilt. for the peace and safety of the community and country. as has heretofore happened. and him who frowns upon cruelty. are so imbecile of that knows law of necessity. It hopes and longs for the day when all the races of men. the great man. or a multitude of despots for one. in a court of justice. It men. as to be unfit to be control. in his . where it does not see its own some certain good. would rescue the intrepid satirist from the tyrant's and send his officers out from the court with defeat and fangs. nor rein substituting end only in disaster and defeat. and to foster that humanity and kindness which man owes to even his poorest and most abuses a lawful power. the lawless oppressor. the military usurper. requires them to remain under the control of those of larger intellect and superior wisdom. even the lowest. own good time. that necessity rules in all the affairs of where any man. and exerts its influence to lighten the burdens which want and dependence impose upon the workman. It can never be employed. so incapable of selfso inferior in the scale of humanity. in any country under Heaven.154 society. disgrace. and become fitted for political freedom when. like all other evils that afflict the earth. there go all its sympathies. The dread of punish- Mason an accomplice in so corrupting his and a teacher of depravity and barbarity. If anycountrymen. a tyrant should send a satirist his tyranny to be convicted and punished as a libeller. MORALS AND DOGMA. will be elevated. intrusted with the highest prerogatives of citizenship. does not preach revolution to those bellion that can who are fond of kings.

and in teaching the citizen to look for his protection to the laws of his country. when the original purpose. or relieving deserving men from oppression if he has aided in securing to his countrymen that best . and the people to the gov. vate property and to private conscience. and that. It is he might wish to read a page for his measure. tantalized with a denial of the practice of all which can make the greatest situation any other than the greatest curse. the Masonic juror. ernment of their own creating. roared like a sea around the courts of justice. would consult the dictates of duty alone. the compact is broken.ELECT OF THE NINE. extinguish. in vain. or two more. had chanced to become odious to it. unawed alike by the single or the many-headed tyrant. possession. and not it is perverted from and the right ought to be resumed that resistance to power usurped is not merely a duty which man owes to himself and to his neighbor. and great crimes were perpetrated with a high hand against all who were deservedly if Even all Jacobinical the objects of public veneration. feeding his mind even with the and imaginations of good deeds and noble actions. and demanded the blood of those who. even his in if the best of their actions. peace if he has joined in reconciling the different sections of his own country to each other. if the people. It makes it base for a man to suffer when he ought . making lighter the yoke of poverty and dependence. for the injury of the People. part with the best of men he may well shut the book. for true words manfully spoken. during the temporary fit of insanity and drunken delirium. and for his comif he has thus taken fort to the good-will of his countrymen . And if he has been enabled to lend the slightest step to any great and laudable designs if he has had any share in any measure giving quiet to pri. overthrowing law. or unpopular acts bravely done. than to be placed on the most splendid throne of the universe. He has not lived enough all Masonry teaches that power is delegated for the good. 155 law and liberty were trampled under the feet of demagogues or a military banditti. and stand with a noble firmness between the human tigers and The Mason would much visions rather pass his their coveted prey. This principle neither the rudeness of ignorance can stifle nor the enervation of refinement . life hidden in the re- cesses of the deepest obscurity. but a duty which he owes to his God. in asserting and maintaining the rank which He gave him in the creation.

1^6
to act

MORALS AND DOGMA.

and, tending to preserve to him the original destinations of Providence, spurns at the arrogant assumptions of Tyrants and
;

vindicates the independent quality of the race of which
part.

we

are a

The wise and well-informed Mason

will not fail to be the votary

of Liberty and Justice. He will be ready to exert himself in their defence, wherever they exist. It cannot be a matter of indifference to him when his own liberty and that of other men, with whose merits and capacities he is acquainted, are involved in the

event of the struggle to be made; but his attachment will be to the cause, as the cause of man; and not merely to the country.

Wherever
justice,

there

is

a people that understands the value of political

and is prepared to assert it, that is his country; wherever he can most contribute to the diffusion of these principles and the
real sire for

happiness of mankind, that is his country. Nor does he deany country any other benefit than justice.
true

The
own.

Mason

identifies the

honor of

his

country with his

and glory of one's country than. the preservation against all enemies of its civil and religious liberty. The world will rrever willingly let die the names of those patriots who in her different ages have received upon their own breasts the blows aimed by insolent enemies at the bosom of
to the beauty

Nothing more conduces

their country.

But also it conduces, and in no small measure, to the beauty and glory of one's country, that justice should always be administered there to all alike, and neither denied, sold, nor delayed to any one
;

that the interest of the poor should be looked to, and none starve or be houseless, or clamor in vain for work that the child and the
;

should not be overworked, or even the apprentice or slave be stinted of food or overtasked or mercilessly scourged and
feeble
;

woman

that God's great laws of mercy, humanity,

and compassion should be everywhere enforced, not only by the statutes, but also by the power of public opinion. And he who labors, often against reproach and obloquy, and oftener against indifference and apathy,

to bring about that fortunate condition of things when that great code of divine law shall be everywhere and punctually obeyed, is

no

less a patriot

than he

who

bares his

bosom

to the hostile steel

in the ranks of his country's soldiery.

For fortitude is not only seen resplendent on the field of battle and amid the clash of arms, but he displays its energy under

ELECT OF THE N INK.
every difficulty and against every assailant.

157

He who wars against and hoary abuses, fights for his country's cruelty, oppression, honor, which these things soil and her honor is as important as her existence. Often, indeed, the warfare against those abuses which disgrace one's country is quite as hazardous and more discouraging than that against her enemies in the field and merits
;
;

equal,

who are the objects of our admiother virtue in the extirpation of employed hardly any tyrants, than that love of liberty, which made them prompt in
ration

not greater reward. For those Greeks and Romans
if

seizing the sword, and gave them strength to use it. With facility they accomplish the undertaking, amid the general shout of praise and joy nor did they engage in the attempt so much as an
;

enterprise of perilous and doubtful issue, as a contest the most glorious in which virtue could be signalized which infallibly led
;

to present

recompense which bound their brows with wreaths of laurel, and consigned their memories to immortal fame. But he who assails hoary abuses, regarded perhaps with a superstitious reverence, and around which old laws stand as ramparts and bastions to defend them who denounces acts of cruelty and
; ;

outrage on humanity which make every perpetrator thereof his personal enemy, and perhaps make him looked upon with suspicion by the people among whom he lives, as the assailant of an established order of things of which he assails only the abuses,

and of laws of which he attacks only the violations, he can scarcely look for present recompense, nor that his living brows will be wreathed with laurel. And if, contending against a dark array of long-received opinions, superstitions, obloquy, and fears, \vhich most men dread more than they do an army terrible with banners, the Mason overcomes, and emerges from the contest victorious or if he does not conquer, but is borne down and swept away by the mighty current of prejudice, passion, and interest in either case, the loftiness of spirit which he displays merits for him more than a mediocrity of fame.
;

;

has already lived too long who has survived the ruin of his country and he who can enjoy life after such an event deservesnot
;

He

to

have lived

at

all.

Nor does he any more deserve

to live

who

looks

contentedly upon abuses that disgrace, and cruelties that dishonor, and scenes of misery and destitution and brutalization that disfigure his country
;

or sordid meanness and ignoble revenges that

158

MORALS AND DOGMA.
a by-word and a scoff

make her

among

all

generous nations

;

and

does not endeavor to remedy or prevent either. Not often is a country at war nor can every one be allowed the privilege of offering his heart to the enemy's bullets. But in these
;

patriotic labors of peace, in preventing,
evils,

remedying,

arid

reforming

oppressions, wrongs, cruelties, and outrages, every Mason can unite and every one can effect something, and share the honor
;

and glory of the

result.

For the
few and

cardinal

names

in the history of the

human mind

are

easily to be

counted up; but thousands and tens of

thousands spend their days in the preparations which are to speed
the predestined change, in gathering which are to kindle and give light and

and amassing the materials warmth, when the fire from Heaven shall have descended on them. Numberless are the sutlers and pioneers, the engineers and artisans, who attend the march of intellect. Many move forward in detachments, and level the way over which the chariot is to pass, and cut down the obstacles that would impede its progress and these too have their reward. If they labor diligently and faithfully in their calling, not only will they enjoy that calm contentment which diligence in the lowliest task never fails to win not only will the sweat of their brows be sweet, and the sweetener of the rest that follows but, when the
;

;

;

victory

is

at last achieved, they will

come

in for a share in the

who fought at Marathon or at Mountain became a sharer in the glory of those saving King's days and within his own household circle, the approbation of which approaches the nearest to that of an approving conscience, was looked upon as the representative of all his brother-heroes and could tell such tales as made the tear glisten on the cheek of his wife, and lit up his boy's eyes with an unwonted sparkling eagerness. Or, if he fell in the fight, and his place by the fireside and at the table at home was thereafter vacant, that place was sacred and he was often talked of there in the long winter evenings and his family was deemed fortunate in the neighborhood, because it had had a hero in it, who had fallen in defence of his
glory
;

even as the meanest soldier

;

;

;

;

country.

Remember that life's length is not measured by its hours and days, but by that which we have done therein for our country and but that of kind. useless life is short, if it last a century

A

;

Alexander was long as the

life

of the oak, though he died at thir-

ELECT OF THE NINE.

.

159

in a few years, and we may do nothing but eat and drink and sleep, and let everything go on around us as it pleases or if we live but to amass wealth or gain office or wear titles, we might as well not hav^ lived
ty-five.

We may

do much

in a lifetime.

If

we

;

at all

nor have we any right to expect immortality. Forget not, therefore, to what you have devoted yourself
;

in this

Degree: defend weakness against strength, the friendless against
the great, the oppressed against the oppressor! Be ever vigilant and watchful of the interests and honor of your country and
!

may the Grand Architect of the Universe give you that strength and wisdom which shall enable you well and faithfully to perform
these high duties
!

X.

ILLUSTRIOUS ELECT OF THE FIFTEEN.
[Elu of the Fifteen.]
is devoted to the same objects as those of the Elu and also to the cause of Toleration and Liberality against Fanaticism and Persecution, >olitical and religious and to that of Education, Instruction, and Enlightenment against Error, Barbarism, and Ignorance. To these objects you have irrevocably and forever devoted your hand, your heart, and your intellect and whenever in your presence a Chapter of this Degree is opened, you will be most solemnly reminded of your vows here taken at the
;

THIS Degree

of Nine

j.

;

;

altar.

Toleration, holding that every other
his opinion

man
;

has the same right to

and

faith that

we have
and

to ours

and

liberality,

holding

that as no

human being can with
it,

conflict of hostile faiths

certainty say, in the clash and creeds, what is truth, or that he is

so every one should feel that it is quite that another equally honest and sincere with himself, and possible yet holding the contrary opinion, may himself be in possession of surely in possession of

and that whatever one firmly and conscientiously bethese are the mortal enemies of that fanattruth, to him icism which persecutes for opinion's sake, and initiates crusades against whatever it, in its imaginary holiness, deems to be contrary to the law of God or verity of dogma. And education, instruction, and enlightenment are the most certain means by which fanaticism and intolerance can be rendered powerless. No true Mason scoffs at honest convictions and an ardent zeal in the cause of what one believes to be truth and justice. But he
the truth,
lieves, is
1

60

ILLUSTRIOUS ELECT OF THE FIFTEEN.
does absolutely deny the right of any
tive of Deity,

l6l

man
faith

and condemn another's

to assume the prerogaand opinions as deserv-

ing to be punished because heretical. Nor does he approve the course of those who endanger the peace and quiet of great nations, and the best interest of their own race by indulging in a chimeri-

and visionary philanthropy a luxury which chiefly consists in drawing their robes around them to avoid contact with their fellows, and proclaiming themselves holier than they. For he knows that such follies are often more calamitous than the ambition of kings; and that intolerance and bigotry have been infinitely greater curses to mankind than ignorance and error.
cal

Better any error than persecution Better any opinion than the thumb-screw, the rack, and the stake! And he knows also how
!

it is, for a creature to whom himself and around him are mysteries, to torture and slay others, everything

unspeakably absurd

because they cannot think as he does in regard to the profoundest of those mysteries, to understand which is utterly beyond the

comprehension of either the persecutor or the persecuted.

Masonry

is

belief, falsifies

not a religion. He and denaturalizes it.

who makes

of

it

a religious

The Brahmin,

the Jew, the

Mahometan, the

Catholic, the Protestant, each professing his pe-

culiar religion, sanctioned by the laws, by time, and by climate, must needs retain it, and cannot have two religions for the social
;

manners, and prejudices of of men. particular countries, are the work But Masonry teaches, and has preserved in their purity, the car-

and sacred laws adapted

to the usages,

dinal tenets of the old primitive faith,

which underlie and are the

foundation of
of truth
;

all religions.

All that ever existed have had a basis

itive truths

all have overlaid that truth with errors. The primtaught by the Redeemer were sooner corrupted, and intermingled and alloyed with fictions than when taught to the

and

first

of our race.

Masonry

is

the universal morality which

is suit-

able to the inhabitants of every clime, to the man of every creed. It has taught no doctrines, except those truths that tend directly
to the well-being of man and those who have attempted to direct it toward useless vengeance, political ends, and Jesuitism, have
;

merely perverted
nature.

it

to purposes foreign to

its

pure

spirit

and

real

Mankind outgrows

childhood of the world.

the sacrifices and the mythologies of the Yet it is easy for human indolence to

l62

MORALS AND DOGMA.
and refuse to pass further on. So the un-

linger near these helps,

adventurous

Nomad
man

in the

same close-cropped
the progressive

circle

where they

Tartarian wild keeps his flock in the first learned to browse, while
fields

roves ever forth "to fresh

and pastures

new."

The latter is the true Mason and the best and indeed the only good Mason is he who with the power of business does the work of
;

the upright mechanic, merchant, or farmer, the man with ; the f/ower of thought, of justice, or of love, he whose whole life is One great act of performance of Masonic duty. The natural of the strength of a strong man or the wisdom of a wise one, use
life
is

to

do the work of a strong
of

man

or a wise one.

The

natural

work

practical life; the use of all the faculties in their proper spheres, and for their natural function. Love of Truth, justice, and generosity as attributes of God, must appear in

Masonry

is

life marked by these qualities; that is the only effectual ordinance of Masonry. A profession of one's convictions, joining the Order, assuming the obligations, assisting at the ceremonies, are

a

of the

same value
is

in science as in

Masonry

;

the natural

form of

goodness, morality, living a true, just, affectionate, self-faithful life, from the motive of a good man. It is loyal obe-

Masonry

dience to God's law.

The good Mason does
and because
it

the

comes

in his

good thing which comes in his way, way from a love of duty, and not
;

merely because a law, enacted by man or God, commands his will He is true to his mind, his conscience, heart, and soul, to do it.

and

feels small

to receive

from them.

temptation to do to others what he would not wish He will deny himself for the sake of his

brother near at hand.

His desire

attracts in the line of his duty,

both being in conjunction. Not in vain does the poor or the oppressed look up to him. You find such men in all Christian sects,
Protestant and Catholic, in
civilized world,

among

all the great religious parties of the Buddhists, Mahometans, and Jews. They

ness, beautiful in their daily lives.

are kind fathers, generous citizens, unimpeachable in their busiYou see their Masonry in their

work and

tivity, individual,

Masonry

It appears in all the forms of their acdomestic, social, ecclesiastical, or political. Trus within must be morality without. It must become

in their play.

eminent morality, which is philanthropy. The true Mason loves not only his kindred and his country, but all mankind not only
;

ILLUSTRIOUS ELECT OF THE FIFTEEN.

163

the good, but also the evil, among his brethren. He has more goodness than the channels of his daily life will hold. It runs over the banks, to water and to feed a thousand thirsty plants.
lies along his track, he goes out to not only willing, he has a salient longing to do good, to spread his truth, his justice, his generosity, his Masonry over all the world. His daily life is a profession of his Masonry, published

Not content with the duty that
it;

seek

men. He can not be a persecutor. naturally does the beaver build or the mocking-bird sing his own wild, gushing melody, than the true Mason lives in this beautiful outward life. So from the perennial spring swells
in perpetual good-will to

Not more

forth the stream, to quicken the meadow with new access of green, and perfect beauty bursting into bloom. Thus Masonry does the

work it was meant to do. The Mason does not sigh and weep, and make grimaces. He lives right on. If his life is, as whose is not, marked with errors, and with sins, he ploughs over the barren
spot with his remorse, sows with new seed, and the old desert blossoms like a rose. He is not confined to set forms of thought, pi action, or of feeling. He accepts what his mind regards as true,

what his conscience decides is right, what his heart deems generous and noble and all else he puts far from him. Though the ancient and the honorable of the Earth bid him bow down to them, his stubborn knees bend only at the bidding of his manly soul. His Masonry is his freedom before God, not his bondage unto men. His mind acts after the universal law of the intellect, his conscience according to the universal moral law, his affections and his soul after the universal law of each, and so he is strong with the
;

strength of God, in this four-fold way communicating with Him. The old theologies, the philosophies of religion of ancient times, will not suffice us now. The duties of life are to be done we are
;

to

do them, consciously obedient to the law of God, not atheisticThere are sins of trade to be ally, loving only our selfish gain. and philanthropy are needed. corrected. Everywhere morality There are errors to be- made way with, and their place supplied with new truths, radiant with the glories of Heaven. There are great wrongs and evils, in Church and State, in domestic, social, and public life, to be righted and outgrown. Masonry cannot in our age forsake the broad way of life. She must journey on in the open street, appear in the crowded square, and teach men by her
deeds, her
life

more eloquent than any

lips.

1-64

MORALS AND DOGMA.
is

This Degree

chiefly

devoted to TOLERATION

;

and

it

inculcates

in the strongest

manner

that great leading idea of the Ancient

Art, that a belief in the one True God. and a moral and virtuous life, constitute the only religious requisites needed to enable a man to be a Mason.

Masonry has ever
and
artificial

the

most vivid remembrance of the

terrible

torments that were used to put down new forms of or extinguish the old. It sees with the eye of memory the religion ruthless extermination of all the people of all sexes and ages, because or to worship

know the God of the Hebrews, under the wrong name, by the savage troops of Moses and Joshua. It sees the thumb-screws and the racks, the
it

was

their misfortune not to

Him

whip, the gallows, and the stake, the victims of Diocletian and Alva, the miserable Covenanters, the Non-Conformists, Servetus burned, and the unoffending Quaker hung. It sees Cranmer hold
his

arm,

now no

off in the

longer erring, in the flame until the hand drops consuming heat. It sees the persecutions of Peter and
trials

Paul, the

martyrdom of Stephen, the
;

of Ignatius, Polycarp,

and then in turn the sufferings of the Justin, and Irenaeus wretched Pagans under the Christian Emperors, as of the Papists in Ireland and under Elizabeth and the bloated Henry. The Roman Virgin naked before the hungry lions young Margaret Graham tied to a stake at low-water mark, and there left to drown,
;

savage waters broke over her have suffered by hunger and nakedages it sees ness, peril and prison, the rack, the stake, and the sword, them all, and shudders at the long roll of human atrocities. And
singing
;

hymns
all

to

God

until the

head

and

that in

all

it

sees also the oppression

still

men

shot in a Christian
;

jail

practised in the name of religion in Christian Italy for reading the

almost every Christian State, laws forbidding freedom of speech on matters relating to Christianity and the gallows reaching its arm over the pulpit.
Christian Bible
in
;

The fires of Moloch in Syria, the harsh mutilations in the name of Astarte, Cybele, Jehovah the barbarities of imperial Pagan Torturers the still grosser torments which Roman-Gothic Christians in Italy and Spain heaped on their brother-men the fiendish
; ; ;

which Switzerland, France, the Netherlands, England, Scotland, Ireland, America, have been witnesses, are none too powerful to warn man of the unspeakable evils which follow from mistakes and errors in the matter of religion, and especially from
cruelties to

ILLUSTRIOUS ELECT OF THE FIFTEEN.

165

investing the God of Love with the cruel and vindictive passions of erring humanity, and making blood to have a sweet savor in his nostrils, and groans of agony to be delicious to his
ears.

Man never had the right to usurp the unexercised prerogative of God, and condemn and punish another for his belief. Born in a Protestant land, we are of that faith. If we had opened our eyes to the light under the shadows of St. Peter's at Rome, we should
have been devout Catholics born in the Jewish quarter of Aleppo, we should have contemned Christ as an imposter in Constanti;
;

nople,

we should have
is

cried "Allah

homet
faith.

his

prophet!"
believe in
its

Allah, God is great and MaBirth, place, and education give us our
il

any religion because they have examined authenticity, and made up a formal judgment, Not one man in ten thousand the testimony. upon weighing knows anything about the proofs of his faith. We believe what we are taught and those are most fanatical who know least of the evidences on which their creed is based. Facts and testimony are
the evidences of
;

Few

ground-work of faith. It is an imperative law of God's Economy, unyielding and inflexible as
not, except in very rare instances, the

Himself, that

man

shall accept

without question the belief of those

among whom he
lieve

is

his nature resists all evidence to the contrary

born and reared; the faith so made a part of and he will disbe;

even the evidence of his own" senses, rather than yield up the religious belief which has grown up in him, flesh of his flesh and

bone of his bone.

What is truth to me is not truth to another. The same arguments and evidences that convince one mind make no impression on another. This difference is in men at their birth. No man is entitled positively to assert that he is right, where other men,
equally intelligent and equally well-informed, hold directly the Each thinks it impossible for the other to be opposite opinion. sincere, and each, as to that, is equally in error. "What is truth f"

was a profound question, the most suggestive one ever put to man. Many beliefs of former and present times seem incomprehensible.

They
Here

startle us

terious thing,

with a new glimpse into the human soul, that mysmore mysterious the more we note its workings.

is a man superior to myself in intellect and learning; and he sincerely believes what seenis to me too absurd to merit yet confutation and I cannot conceive, and sincerely do not believe,
;

1

66
is

MORALS AND DOGMA.
both sane and honest.

that he
is

And

yet he is both.

His reason
are

as perfect as mine, and he is as honest as I. The fancies of a lunatic are realities, to him.

Our dreams

while they last; and, in the Past, no more unreal than what we have acted in our waking hours. No man can say that he hath as sure possession of the truth as of a chattel. When
realities

men
each

entertain opinions diametrically opposed to each other, is honest, who shall decide which hath the Truth; and
it?

and

how

can either say with certainty that he hath

We

know not

what

is

the truth.

That we ourselves believe and
it

feel absolutely

certain that our

own
is

belief is true, is in reality not the slightest

proof of the fact, seem
to us.

never so certain and incapable of doubt

responsible for the Tightness of his fai'.h; but for the w/rightness of it. only Therefore no man hath or ever had a right to persecute another
for his belief
;

No man

for there cannot be

two antagonistic
is

rights

;

and

if

one can persecute another, because he himself
belief of that other
is

satisfied that the

erroneous, the other has, for the same rea-

son, equally as certain a right to persecute him. The truth comes to us tinged and colored with our prejudices and our preconceptions, which are as old as ourselves, and strong

with a divine force.

It

comes

to us as the

image of a rod comes

to

us through the water, bent and distorted. An argument sinks into and convinces the mind of one man, while from that of another
it

rebounds

like a ball of ivory

dropped on marble.

It is

no

merit in a

man

to
it

philosophic as
milk.
It is

have a particular faith, excellent and sound and may be, when he imbibed it with his mother's
his prejudices

no more a merit than

The

sincere

Moslem has
;

as

much

and his passions. right to persecute us, as we to

persecute him and therefore Masonry wisely requires no more than a belief in One Great All-Powerful Deity, the Father and

Preserver of the Universe. Therefore
that toleration
is

it is

she teaches her votaries

one of the chief duties of every good Mason, a component part of that charity without which we are mere hollow images of true Masons, mere sounding brass and tinkling cymbals.

No

evil

hath so

afflicted the
it

opinion.

The human beings

has slain in various ways,

world as intolerance of religious if once
;

and together brought to life, would make a nation of people left to live and increase, would have doubled the population of the civilized portion of the globe among which civilized portion it
;

ILLUSTRIOUS ELECT OF
is

THE

FIFTEEN.

167

chiefly

that religious

wars are waged.

The

treasure and the

human
Eden.

labor thus lost would have

made

which, but for his evil passions,

man

the earth a garden, in might now be as happy as in

No man truly obeys the Masonic law who merely tolerates those whose religious opinions are opposed to his own. Every man's opinions are his own private property, and the rights of all
Merely to tolassume it to be heretical and assert the right to persecute, if we would and claim our toleration of :'t as a merit. The Mason's creed goes farther
erate, to bear ivith
;

men

to maintain ef

ch his

own

are perfectly equal.
is

an opposing opinion,

to

;

than

that.

No n

in, it holds,

has any right in any

way

to inter-

fere with the religious belief of another. It holds that each is absolutely sovereign as to his own belief, and that belief

man
is

a

matter absolutely foreign to
belief;

all

who do

not entertain the same

and that, if there were any right of persecution at all, it would in all cases be a mutual right; because one party has the same right as the other to sit as judge in his own case and God is the only magistrate that can rightfully decide between them. To that great Judge, Masonry refers the matter; and opening wide its portals, it invites to enter there and live in peace and harmony,
;

the Protestant, the Catholic, the Jew, the Moslem every man who will lead a truly virtuous and moral life, love his brethren,
;

minister to the sick and distressed, and believe in the

ONE,

Ail-

Powerful, All-Wise, everywhere-Present GOD, Architect, Creator, and Preserver of all things, by whose universal law of Harmony
ever rolls on this universe, the great, vast, infinite circle of sucto whose INEFFABLE NAME let all true cessive Dea-th and Life:

Masons pay profoundest homage for whose thousand blessings poured upon us, let us feel the sincerest gratitude, now, henceforth, and forever
! !

We

may

well be tolerant of each other's creed

;

far in every

faith there are excellent

moral precepts.

Far

in

the South of
a journey,

Asia, Zoroaster taught this doctrine:

"On commencing

the Faithful should turn his thoughts toward Ormuzd, him, in the purity of his heart, to be King of the

and confess

World

;

he
be

should love him, do him homage, and serve him.

He must

upright and charitable, despise the pleasures of the body, and avoid pride and haughtiness, and vice in all its forms, and especially falsehood, one of the basest sins of which man can be guilty. He

l68

MORALS AND DOGMA.

must forget injuries and not avenge himself. He must honor the memory of his parents and relatives. At night, before retiring to sleep, he should rigorously examine his conscience, and repent of the faults which weakness or ill-fortune had caused him to commit."

He was

required to pray for strength to persevere in the
It

Good, and

to obtain forgiveness for his errors.

was

his

duty to

confess his faults to a Magus, or to a layman renowned for his virtues, or to the Sun. Fasting and maceration were prohibited and,
;

his duty suitably to nourish the body and to maintain its vigor, that his soul might be strong to resist the

on the contrary,

it

was

Genius of Darkness; that he might more attentively read the Divine Word, and have more courage to perform noble deeds. And in the North of Europe the Druids taught devotion to
friends, indulgence for reciprocal \vrongs, love of deserved praise,

prudence, humanity, hospitality, respect for old age, disregard of the future, temperance, contempt of death, and a chivalrous deference to woman. Listen to these maxims from the Hava Maal, or

Sublime Book of Odin

:

"If thou hast a friend, visit him often the path will grow over with grass, and the trees soon cover it, if thou dost not constantly walk upon it. He is a faithful friend, who, having but two loaves,
;

gives his friend one. Be never first to break with thy friend sorrow wrings the heart of him who has no one save himself with
;

There is no virtuous man who has not no bad man who has not some virtue. Happy he who some vice, obtains the praise and good-will of men for all that depends on the will of another is hazardous and uncertain. Riches flit away in the twinkl-ing of an eye they are the most inconstant of friends flocks and herds perish, parents die, friends are not immortal, thou thyself diest I know but one thing that doth not
to take counsel.
; ; ; ;

whom

die, the

judgment

that

ward those whom cometh to thy house
;

passed upon the dead. Be humane tothou meetest on the road. If the guest that
is is

a-cold, give

him

fire

;

the

man who

has

journeyed over the mountains needs food and dry garments. Mock for words full of sense come often from the not at the aged
wrinkles of age. no one seek to

Be moderately

wise,
if

know

his destiny,

and not over-prudeni Let he would sleep tranquilly.
.

There
lot.

is

no malady more cruel than
glutton eats his

to be discontented with our

The

own

death
is

;

and the wise man laughs
to the

at

the fool's greediness.

Nothing

more injurious

young than

ILLUSTRIOUS ELECT OF THE FIFTEEN.

169

excessive drinking; the more one drinks the more he loses his reason the bird of forgetfulness sings before those who intoxicate
;

themselves, and wiles
lieves

away
if

their souls.

Man
;

devoid of sense be-

he

will live

always

he avoids war

but, if the lances spare

long.
it

him, old age will give him no quarter. Better live well than live When a man lights a fire in his house, death comes before

goes out."
:

And thus said the Indian books "Honor thy father and mother. Never forget the benefits thou hast received. Learn while thou Be submissive to the laws of thy country. Seek the art young. company of virtuous men. Speak not of God but with respect. Live on good terms with thy fellow-citizens. Remain in thy proper place. Speak ill of no one. Mock at the bodily infirmities of none. Pursue not unrelentingly a conquered enemy. Strive to acquire a good reputation. The best bread is that for which one is indebted to his own labor. Take counsel with wise men. The more one learns, the more he acquires the faculty of learning. Knowledge is the most permanent wealth. As well be dumb as ignorant. The true use of knowledge is to distinguish good from evil. Be not a subject of shame to thy parents. What one learns
in

youth endures
himself.

knows

like the engraving upon a rock. He Let thy books be thy best friends.

is

wise

who
thou

When

attainest an hundred years, cease to learn. Wisdom is solidly planted, even on the shifting ocean. Deceive no one, not even thine enemy. Wisdom is a treasure that everywhere commands
its value. Speak mildly, even to the poor. It is sweeter to forgive than to take vengeance. Gaming and quarrels lead to misery. There is no true merit without the practice of virtue. To honor

our mother is the most fitting homage we can pay the Divinity. There is no tranquil sleep without a clear conscience. He badly understands his interest who breaks his word." Twenty- four centuries ago these were the Chinese Ethics "The Philosopher [Confucius] said, 'SAN! my doctrine is simple, and easy to be understood.' THSENG-TSEU replied, 'that is
:

certain.'

what

their master

The Philosopher having gone out, the disciples asked had meant to say. THSENG-TSEU responded.

'The doctrine of our Master consists solely in being upright of " heart, and loving our neighbor as we love ourself.'

About a century
his

neighbor

.

.

.

later, the Hebrew law said, "If any man hate then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to

170

MORALS AND DOGMA.
his brother
. .
.

do unto

.

.

Better

is

a neighbor that

is

near, than a

brother afar off

.

Thou

shalt love thy neighbor as thyself."

said,

In the same fifth century before Christ, SOCRATES the Grecian "Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself."

Three generations earlier, ZOROASTER had said to the Persians: "Offer up thy grateful prayers to the Lord, the most just and pure Ormuzd, the supreme and adorable God, who thus declared to his
Prophet Zerdusht 'Hold it not meet to do unto others what thou wouldst not desire done unto thyself; do that unto the people, which, when done to thyself, is not disagreeable unto thee.'
:

'

The same
isee

ylon, Alexandria,

doctrine had been long taught in the schools of Baband Jerusalem. Pagan declared to the Phar-

A

HILLEL that he was ready to embrace the Jewish religion, if he could make known to him in a few words a summary of the
whole law of Moses. "That which thou likest not done to thyself," said Hillel, "do it not unto thy neighbor. Therein is all the law the rest is nothing but the commentary upon it."
:

"Nothing
salutary
is

is

more

natural," said

simple, than the principles of that morality which

maxims,
It
is

to inculcate in

CONFUCIUS, "nothing more I endeavor, by ... It is humanity; which you
all

to say, that universal charity
;

among
that

of our species, without

distinction.

and

is, that rectitude of spirit uprightness of heart, which makes one seek for truth in everything, and

It is, finally, sinit, without deceiving one's self or others. or good faith which is to say, that frankness, that opencerity ness of heart, tempered by self-reliance, which excludes all feints

desire

;

and

all

To

disguising, as much in speech as in action." diffuse useful information, to further intellectual refinement,

sure forerunner of moral improvement, to hasten the coming of the great day, when the dawn of general knowledge shall chase

away

the lazy, lingering mists of ignorance and error, even from the base of the great social pyramid, is indeed a high calling, in

which the most splendid talents and consummate virtue may well press onward, eager to bear a part. From the Masonic ranks ought to go forth those whose genius and not their ancestry ennoble them, to open to all ranks the temple of science, and by their

own example
no longer
the sun.

to

make

the humblest

inaccessible,

men emulous to climb steps and enter the unfolded gates burning in
is

The

highest intellectual cultivation

perfectly compatible with

ILLUSTRIOUS ELECT OF THE FIFTEEN.

171

the daily cares and toils of working-men. keen relish for the most sublime truths of science belongs alike to every class of

A

mankind. And, as philosophy was taught in the sacred groves of Athens, and under the Portico, and in the old Temples of Egypt and India, so in our Lodges ought Knowledge to be dispensed, the
Sciences taught, and the Lectures become like the teachings of Socrates and Plato, of Agassiz and Cousin.
but

Real knowledge never permitted either turbulence or unbelief; its progress is the forerunner of liberality and enlightened

toleration.

Whoso

dreads these

may

well tremble

;

for he

may

be

well assured that their day is at length come, and must put to speedy flight the evil spirits of tyranny and persecution, which haunted the long night now gone down the sky. And it is to be

hoped that the time

will

soon arrive, when, as

men

will

no longer

suffer themselves to be led blindfold in ignorance, so will they no more yield to the vile principle of judging and treating their fel-

low-creatures, not according to the intrinsic merit of their actions, but according to the accidental and involuntary coincidence of
their opinions.

Whenever we come
scientiously differ

to treat with entire respect those

who

con-

from ourselves, the only

practical effect of a dif-

ference will be, to
theirs

make
if it

the other, from which
;

it

us enlighten the ignorance on one side or springs, by instructing them, if it be

ourselves,

be our

own

;

to the
is

end that the only kind

of unanimity

may

be produced which

desirable
full

among

rational

the agreement proceeding beings, freest discussion.

from

conviction after the

of Fifteen ought therefore to take the lead of his fellow-citizens, not in frivolous amusements, not in the degrading
pursuits of the ambitious vulgar; but in the truly noble task of enlightening the mass of his countrymen, and of leaving his own name encircled, not with barbaric splendor, or attached to courtly

The Elu

gewgaws, but
tional nature
;

illustrated

by the honors most worthy of our

ra-

coupled with the diffusion of knowledge, and gratefully pronounced by a few, at least, whom his wise beneficence has rescued from ignorance and vice.
say to him, in the words of the great Roman "Men in no respect so nearly approach to the Deity, as when they confer beneTo serve and do good to as many as possible, there fits on men.
:

We

is

nothing greater in your fortune than that you should be

able,

1^2

MORALS AND DOGMA.

and nothing finer in your nature, than that you should be desirous to do this." This is the true mark for the aim of every man and Mason who either prizes the enjoyment of pure happiness, or sets a right value upon a high and unsullied renown. And if the benefactors of mankind, when they rest from their noble labors, shall be permitted to enjoy hereafter, as an appropriate reward of
their virtue, the privilege of looking down which their exertions and charities, and

upon the blessings with perhaps their toils and

sufferings have clothed the scene of their former existence, it will not, in a state of exalted purity and wisdom, be the founders of

mighty dynasties, the conquerors of new empires, the Caesars, Alexanders, and Tamerlanes nor the mere Kings and Counsellors, Presidents and Senators, who have lived for their party chiefly, and for their country only incidentally, often sacrificing to
;

their

own aggrandizement
;

fellow-creatures

it

will not be they

or that of their faction the good of their who will be gratified by con;

templating the monuments of their inglorious fame
will

but those

enjoy that delight and march in that triumph, who can trace the remote effects of their enlightened benevolence in the im-

proved condition of their species, and exult

in the reflection, that

the change which they at last, perhaps after many years, survey, with eyes that age and sorrow can make dim no more, of Knowl-

edge become Power,

Virtue sharing that Empire, Superstition dethroned, and Tyranny exiled, is, if even only in some small and
very slight degree, yet
costly,
still

in

some degree,

the fruit, precious

if

and though late repaid yet long enduring, of their own self-denial and strenuous exertion, of their own mite of charity and aid to education wisely bestowed, and of the hardships and hazards which they encountered here below.

Masonry requires of its Initiates and votaries nothing that is impracticable. It does not demand that they should undertake to climb to those lofty and sublime peaks of a theoretical and imaginary unpractical virtue, high and cold and remote as the eternal snows that wrap the shoulders of Chimborazo, and at least as inIt asks that alone to be done which is easy to overtasks no one's strength, and asks no one to go beyond his means and capacities. It does not expect one whose business or profession yields him little more than the wants of

accessible as they.

be clone.

It

himself and his family require, and whose time is necessarily occupied by his daily vocations, to abandon or neglect the business

given the world a great painter. and write a new chapter in Socrates. the capacity to benefit mankind of a Washington and that in rescuing him from the mire in which he is plunged. 173 by which he and his children live. to control senates. It can educate one boy or girl. to decide on peace and war. and devote himself and his means to the diffusion of knowledge among men. The widow's mite may not only be as acceptable to God. the history of the world. the Lodge that does it may be the direct and immediate means cf conferring upon the world as great a boon as that given it by John Faust the boy of Mentz may perpetuate the liberties of a country and change the destinies of nations. but may produce as great results as the rich man's costly offerinrr. . costing the doer little. It does not expect him to publish books for the people. the intellect of a . and giving him the means of education and development. within and according to his means. to dictate to cabinets . a great musician. or to lecture. How often has an act of charity. The poorest boy. and the vast unimaginable consequences that depended on her charitable act. a great inventor! often has such an act developed the ragged boy into the benOn what small and apparently unimportant circumstances have turned and hinged the fates of the world's efactor of his race ! How great conquerors. may come to lead armies. and there is no Mason who cannot do some thing. that in the poorest unregarded child that seems abandoned to ignorance and vice may slumber the virtues of a If a Lodge cannot can still Bacon or a Bossuet. then by combination and association. And it should never be forgotten.ILLUSTRIOUS ELECT OF THE FIFTEEN. when she drew the little child of a Hebrew woman from among oi the Nile. There is no law that limits the returns that shall be reaped from a single good deed. helped by benevolence. or to found academies libraries. and colleges. if not alone. the child of some poor or departed brother. the genius of a Shakespeare. But it does require and expect every man of us to do something. The daughter of Pharaoh little thought what she was doing for' the human race. to the rushes that grew along the bank and determined to rear it as if it were her own. and his magnificent . For we never know the importance of the act we do. aid in founding a school or an academy it do something. build up and entitle himself to statues. at least. to the ruin of his private affairs.

on the part of energies that are marvellous by which former alone the great results are out that write their enduring records on the face of the brought earth and in the history of nations and of man. . by a steady and uniform habit of laboring for the persistence. and not by any process of legerdemain. that it should be lighted up in any other way than by a direct inspiration from Heaven nor ove-rlook the steadfastness of purpose. He can expect that to happen. by steady labor. encircle their We . by which his influences shall live forever. but perhaps irregular movements. by enlightenment of the world. mosthenes. stupendous monuments of hardly ever by their industry for it is in truth to the most strenuous application of those commonplace faculties which are diffused among all. thoughts and noble words lions of men yet unborn. the devotion to some single but great object. elaborated to the uttermcst his immortal orations. only in consequence of one of a long series of acts. but only differently gifted that they signalized themselves only by their talent. that they are indebted for the glories which now . by continuance. For in all instances. to the extent of his means and ca- or many or all the world only as pacity. to may be law many years hereafter to mil- But the opportunity to effect a great good does not often occur any one. must not imagine it to be a vulgarizing of genius. He can expect to benefit men attain other results. It was thus that Deit is. and having enough of time for the doing of it. remembrance and their name. . It is worse than folly for one to lie idle and inert. . instead of a few grand and gigantic. It was thus that Newton pioneered to the his way. were not differently exercised from the rest of the species. that we secure the strength and the staple of real excellence. but by the acculittle and little as the strength of the mind may bear it mulation of many small efforts. clause after clause. and expect the accident to befall him. mechanism of the Heavens. and Le Verrier added a planet to our Solar System. not in convulsive and preternatural throes. by the steps of an ascending geometry. and .174 MORALS AND DOGMA. the unweariedness of labor that is given. It is a most erroneous opinion that those intellect who have left the most behind them. and the plying of constant assiduities. by giving enough of application to our work. and sentence after sentence. by regular pains-taking.

and make the great navigable streams that are the arteries along which flows the life-blood of a country. And then it will most surely be seen that Masonry is not effete or impotent. to make them Masonry's great schemes for human improvement. that. and as the sun rises and the stars come up we may be sure that great results will be attained and a great work done. the curtailing of a comfort or the relinquishment of a if we will but give aid to what were once luxury. to which genius owes the and proudest of her achievements nor imagine that qualities so generally possessed as patience and pains-taking. promises and obligations if. and if their united efforts are directed by wise counsels to a common purpose. then drooping to a fatal decay. 175 must not overlook these elements. re-entering vigorously upon a career of beneficence.ILLUSTRIOUS ELECT OF THE FIFTEEN. and resolute industry. rising from the oceans and their bays and gulfs. We as that of the benefactor of his kind. have no share in upholding a distinction so illustrious best . ity remembering that our contributions to the cause of charand education then deserve the greatest credit when it costs us something. each separate and distinct from the other. tains. We must not forget that great results are most ordinarily produced by an aggregate of many contributions and exertions as it is the invisible particles of vapor. nor degenerated nor into the heavens. as the vapors rise and the springs run. but regularly and incessantly. . float away as clouds. And so Masonry can do much. "It is for God and for Omnipotency to do mighty things is in a moment hath . and wide morasses and overflowed plains." and Masons to their Masonry will but be true to her mission. if each Mason be content to do his share. from lakes and rivers. and distill upon the earth in dews. not fitfully and spasmodically. and fall in showers and rain and snows upon the broad plains and rude moun. she and they will but pursue it earnestly and unfalteringly. but by degrees to grow to greatness for the course that If He left man.

The great distinguishing characteristic of a Mason is sympathy with his kind. as far as he may or can. By all proper means. true.XL SUBLIME ELECT OF THE TWELVE. all connected with himself by those invisible links. to protect the people against exactions .] THE duties of a Prince Ameth are. You are to be earnest in doing whatever it is your duty to do. Feeling that sympathy. your profession. he ceases to be and becomes one of a great brotherhood. to contend for their political rights. And no man must repent that he has relied upon your resolve. assuming new duties toward every Mason that lives. it is his first Masonic duty to serve his fellow-man. You are to be true unto all men. inarticulate as the meanings oi their misery are. 176 . and God hears them. You are to be frank and sincere in all things. as every Mason at the same moment assumes them toward him. or your word. and impositions and to see. At his first entrance into the Order. He recognizes in the human race one great family. that those bear the burdens who reap the benefits of the Government. suffering masses of the common people for they too are his brethren. isolated. to be earnest. of persuasion and influ. reliable. illegal and sincere. forged and woven by God. and that mighty net-work of circumstance. He assumes many in regard to his country. Nor are those duties on his part confined to Masons alone. OR PRINCE AMETH. and especially toward the great. [Elu of the Twelve.

The people their families. nor tell them that they can never err. but genuine. and that. and find an exuberant source of wealth and power. fruit of manly courage. ignorance. and sensuality. and that their voice is the voice of God. and brutalization of the other. there will not long be wanting those who will snatch from them by treachery what they have acquired temperance. misery. more stubborn and intractable despots at home . will find that has cherished. they clear the horizon of the mind from those mists of error and passion which arise from ignorance and vice. and tyrannical and ille- gal exactions. prejudice. if the occasion and emergency require. in the people's ignorance. expel luxury from them and keep down pauperism. will put them up to the highest bidder. tue unless. He knows that the safety of every free government. ne is bound to defend them against oppression. nor conceal his opinions to humor them.SUBLIME ELECT OF THE TWELVE. and otherwise. as if they were mere booty made in war. of justice. and sincere. ambition. unadulterated. in that avarice. and that degradation. and generous virhas taken deep rcot in the minds and by arms or institutions. unless by the means of knowledge and morality. and the summit of . selfishness. it hearts of the people at large. drunkenness. being such. He knows their praise. and labor indulgence. ambition. that does not subjugate the propensity of the wealthy to avarice. and knowledge among the from the mire of vice and low keep the industrious from starving in sight of diffuse it luxurious festivals. notwithstanding all . nor fawn upon them to rule them. they will always have those who will bend their necks to the yoke as if they were brutes who. that if. to raise the abject to poor. sensuality. 177 ence. if war be their only virtue. not frothy and loquacious. their triumphs. the people neglect the arts of peace if their peace and liberty be a state of warfare. He does not flatter them to mislead them. unless their liberty is of such a kind as arms can neither procure nor take away unless it is the . and passions. after being released from the toils of war. and its continuance and perpetuity depend upon the virtue and intelligence of the common people. and that which they imagined liberty will be the worst of slavery. He labors equally to defend and to improve the people. and luxury of the one class. For. It will be only a more distressing war . they will soon find peace the most adverse to their interests.

. but of knozvledge. . and speedily restore to every one his own then that people is involved in a cloud of error. to rule prostrate states and abject provinces by fear and . lieve the condition force. if any people thinks that it is a grander. and will too late perceive. but bloodless and far more honorable than those trophies which are purchased only by slaughter and rapine and if not victors in this . are the great masses of the manual-labor class to be enabled to have steady work at fair wages. than to administer unpolluted justice to the people. every age presents its own special problem. For cial. this how. it has only been its own ruin and despair. in health and sickness. thought inferior considerations. difficult indeed. blessed with free institutions and a constitutional government. that in neglecting these. for increasing the revenue and draining the life-blood of an impoverished people. These are the first enemies to be subdued. that shall fit them intelligently to do the duties and exercise the privileges of freemen even to be intrusted with the dangerous right of suffrage? For though we do not know why God.178 than MORALS AND DOGMA. illusion of these mighty benefits has vanished. service. being infinitely merciful as well as wise. if. a more benefior a wiser policy. . it is in vain to have been victorious over the despotic enemy in the field. from infancy to old age. is offers. it seems to be unquestionably his law. redress the injured and succor the distressed and conciliate the discontented. it ever encountered in the field and even its very bowels will be continually teeming with the intolerable progeny of tyrants. and to be furnished with that degree. . that even in civilized and Christian countries. and their children from vice and debauchery. precipitating Unfortunately. to reand raise the estate of the toiling masses. to invent subtle expedients by stamps and imposts. this constitutes the . the large mass which it . to multiply its naval and military force to rival in craft the ambassadors of foreign states to plot the swallowing up of foreign territory to make crafty treaties and alliances. not of mere reading and writing. to be kept from starvation. they have enough of the commonest and coarsest food to keep themselves and their . has so ordered it. most and that which this age difficult and often impossible to solve and forces upon the consideration of all thinking men. during their whole life. . campaign of Peace these are triumphs. when the . in a populous and wealthy country. of the population shall be fortunate.

have enacted this law which no human community has yet found the means to abrogate that when a country becomes populous. and labor become more and more at its mercy. becomes the great engrossing object of a man's life. and often. he has the laborer. when the winter wind pinches them. Fathers and mothers slay their children. While every ox and horse can find work. sews by the dim light of her lonely candle. to work at anything like fair wages. When old. when the cold rain falls. for before their bones are hardened they must get to work lest they starve. begging. To be employed. have over their heads the rudest shelter. capital shall concentrate in the hands of a limited number of persons. His children cannot be sent to school . and lean up . selling her life to him who bargained only for the work of her needle. and there : chances to be no room for them within and hundreds of families are crowded into a single building. until mere manual labor. : long. rife with horrors and teeming . provisions dearest. that with the price of one child's life they may continue life in those that survive. when the mercury drops far below zero. 179 children from the continual gnawing of hunger enough of the commonest and coarsest clothing to protect themselves and their and if they little ones from indecent exposure and the bitter cold . to have the burial-fees. that of the weaver and ironworker. works for a shilling or two a day. eventually ceases to be worth more than a bare subsistence.SUBLIME ELECT OF THE TWELVE. The man. The capitalist can live without employing to And He seems and discharges him whenever that labor ceases to be At the moment when the weather is most inclement. like bundles of foul rags. his wages stop. no pension to retire upon. and the woman shivering over her little pan of coals. and is worth being fed. and starving for want of work. against the walls of workhouses. and other artisans. not even that. he turns him off to starve. If the day-laborer is taken sick. all night and night after night. Little girls with bare feet sweep the street- crossings. Children grow up in squalid misery and brutal ignorance want compels virgin and wife to prostitute themselves women starve and freeze. and goes or crawls about in rags. in great cities and vast extents of country. strong and able-bodied. and rents highest. and beg piteously for pennies of those who wear warm furs. after her hungry children have wailed themselves to sleep. profitable. to have a chance it is not always so with man. for a bare pittance.

and by fit representatives of themselves control a government? How. better their physical condition. . that to be free is the same thing as to be pious. retributive justice of the Deity. the is prize-ring. and. if not wisdom and to be to deal with this apparently inevitable evil and mortal disfar the most important of all social problems. one person . Above all things let us never forget that mankind constitutes one great brotherhood all born to encounter suffering and sorrow. as it - were. but crouch under the slavery of their sway of those whom and vices. is incapable of governing himself. For it is true now. when brutality and drunken semi-barbarism vote. No human hand ever built the wall. from the imbecility or deof his intellect. by direct exertion and co-operMasonry to improve and inform as well as to protect the people to ation. How ease is by done with pauperism and over-supply of labor ? How is the life of any country to last. where gambling legalized and rascality is laudable? do all in its power. and moderate their passions. as it always was and always will be. . where men. and to be magnanimous and brave. and hold offices in their gift. relieve their miseries. supply their wants. and children with foul air and pestilence. seventeen is a pauper receiving charity. by the appointment. discriminately together while. to be wise. that will keep out it And is also sanctioned constitution of Nature. the brothel. like a minor. and minister to their necessities. that he . are delivered up to the they abhor. rangement should. What is authority. good work do all that may be in his power. that that people which can not govern themselves. but turbulence and low vice are to exalt to senatorships miscreants reeking with the odors and pollution of the hell. For no tower of Pride was ever yet high enough to lift its possessor above the trials and fears and frailties of humanity. and therefore bound to sympathize with each other. in their filth all ages and all colors sleeping inhuddle together a great. to be temperate and just. nor ever shall. free. and the stock-exchange. Let every Mason in this will . And it usually happens. and to be the opposite of all these is the same as to be a slave.jgO MORALS AND DOGMA. to be frugal and abstinent. be committed to the government of another. and made to submit to an invollusts untary servitude. in in every in the full vigor of its youth and strength. by the dictates of justice and by the who. Republican State. women.

He that hath clone good deeds and set good precedents. until the great word of Providence shall bid him or bid the him sink. in sincerity. invigorates. the great and grave necessities of the human soul. are dispensations that level everything. pain. and yet embraces in itself all essenhappiness. minister to this end and through the paths of painful error and mistake. death. give exemption to none. Examples are the best and most lasting lectures virtue the best example. human calamity. on the contrary. Suffering is the discipline of virtue of that which is infinitely better than happiness. and not let it become his master. weak. and perfects it. that after sowing return us a continual harvest and the memory of noble actions is more enduring than monuments of marble. They make all poor. but to stand firmly fly. then suffering would be wholly evil. But. whose .SUBLIME ELECT OF THE TWELVE. Time shall not outlive his worth. in his lot. Virtue sions . If erring only taught us to err if . nor he . The chief wants of life. all the laws of things around us. is happy. and of His Infinite Love. all human But We and the consequences teach us wisdom. provement. He is to master it. is the truest liberty in . the principle of misery is not an evil principle. to the end that The lot of sorrow is great and rises high and sublime. nor is he free who stoops to pas- bondage who serves a noble master. err. All elements. Man tial is . He lives truly after : good deeds are his pillarsof remembrance andno chy but adds some grains to his heap of glory. looking through the dark cloud of bright before him. With resolution and courage the Mason is to do work which it is appointed for him to do. being. to procure ordinance for us infinite happiness and glory. if the miseries caused by vicious indulgence had a natural tendency to make us more abject slaves of vice. all tends and is designed to produce amendment and im. It is the of God's wisdom. nor without purpose. They know none. trouble and death. affliction. He is not to forsake the post of trial and of peril . it is the design of Providence to lead us to truth and happiness. should go forth with a brave and strong heart. l8l and infirmity. high nor low. Good works are seeds. : They put supplication in the mouth of every as truly as in that of the meanest beggar. None suffer forever. mistakes confirmed us in imprudence. . to battle with calamity. Virtue the prize of the severely-contested race and hard-fought battle and it is worth all the fatigue and wounds of the conflict. Sickness and sorrow. nor for nought. It nourishes.

Marriages and Funerals. He looks not at our splendid state. but their progress. . nor at the aids and appliances of our learning. its universities. He thought. but to direct and command but there was ever a Master above him. overlook our less fortunate brother. its human . the ties of life bound or broken. to forget and ishness. then we are unworthy and dishonored. in the eye of Heaven. candor. One end and one design concern and urge all men. are all lessons. victims of beggary and The disease. Life is given for moral and spiritual training. its advanced stages. lessons. and to scoff at the providence of God. or untoward and painful. If from prosperity we have learned moderation. but a place of instruction. most ordinary human equity looks not at the school. .1 82 Life MORALS AND DOGMA. Let him take care that he . fit and fortunate. One event happeneth to all. in the hospital. by the hedge. that he was Master. self-indulgence. perhaps. all and a future condi- The periods of Life are its terms. tions. and discipline. Events are not blindly and Providence does not school one man. gratitude to God. : mark. modesty. Riches and Poverty. Gayeties and Sorrows. or taken our degrees from the lineage of an hundred noble descends as truly so. but at the and the equity of Heaven will not look beneath that scholar are entitled to be honored and rewarded. or on the dung-hill. temperance. is a school. The poor man also is at school. wrong-doing. then we If we have learned selfand vice. forms. and had nothing to do. nor an amphitheatre for games and spectacles. . Families are the primary departments of this moral education the various circles of society. He puts the poor and the rich upon the same form and knows no difference carelessly flung together. all human employments. and screen another from the fiery trial of its lessons. and he a great personage but he has been merely a pupil. It has neither rich favorites nor poor victims. and generosity to man. and of all right-thinking men. The world is neither prison nor penitentiary. its life is an education for virtue. but at our learning itself. between them. Kingdoms and Republics. though we have been nursed in affluence. The prosperous man has been at school. the Master of Life. nor a palace of ease. happiness. . as though we lay. and the entire course of the great school of existence. or our many pretensions. Perhaps he has thought that it was a great thing.

The body's toil is nothing. Every man should choose to have God for his Master. lest he less. stern. disinterestedness. and notice unworthily bestowed on others. the humble dwelling may be hallowed. too. inexorable. and affectionate still. affectionate kindness. Death is the great Teacher. these. either by dishonesty or alms-taking. and even if always poor. where the absence of affectionate kindness is sought to be supplied by punctilious decorum. The past years are crowded with its sad and solemn mementoes. but gentle. worse than disgrace. learn. teaching our frailty and feebleness. the social state teaches modesty and gentleness and from neglect. Its mes- sage comes every year and every day. and lays its hands universal lesson. and death's finger traces its handwriting upon the walls of every human habitation. self-command. help- made more dear and noble than all above despised beggar. cannot be bought. confidence. and distrust rule. his Let him beware of envy. and pol- ished insincerity where ambition. tice. . Let candor. . that never becomes familiar. or brought back for a mo- ment. and patience. Let him beware of the mind's drudgery and degradation. fall into that state. and injus. What a lesson is this. cheerfulness. and keep his self-respect. * 183 him hold to his integrity. graceful urbanity. It walks through ! the earth in dread mystery. where he can have no respect for himself. while poor. we learn patience and quietness. to be superior to society's opinion.SUBLIME ELECT OF THE TWELVE. scarcely the hushed air. calmness. and the world's failure to appreciate us. see that he lose not his independence. So. . fortitude. The ties of Society teach us to love one another. conWith tentment. on the kindness of others. and an Infinite Power beyond us It is a fearful lesson. and kindness. an indolent. Let him things. irresistible whom the collected might of the world cannot stay or ward off. and implicit confidence in God's Providence. cold. Let him. The stirs breath. jealousy. that is read everywhere and by upon all all. and of bondage. candid. . that parting from the lips of King or beggar. and and the loftiest palace. rather than complain. with the wealth of Empires. to learn poverty's great lessons. It is a men. not cynical and bit- ter. rather than man and escape not from this school. a creature poorer than the poor. That is a mis- erable society. not cast himself. and his kindness of heart. While if he can. let him be more anxious to betLet him be willing. he betters his condition ter his soul. in place of simplicity.

foundation of every virtue and frankness. reliability. all through the course of life. signed us. are but different modes in which Truth develops itself. Loves and pities you and me. ties . but the whole. . man's powers and passions. The dead. who counts by souls. It is man to learn. of a school. There are hard lessons is God's Providence all its . plain-dealing.ig^ It MORALS AND DOGMA. that When Has one to act our part well . Not part only. and after he is dead. are the other duties inculcated in this Degree of less imporTruth. and yet the school of life carefully adjusted. a progress in improvement. in patience is and patience from the cloud of darkness the lightning the way to eternity. but virtue. There never comes a time. to come and sometimes in darkness perfection from strife. for. to fulfill the work asis dying. the innocent. in that they are the of human Equity. . not stations. and those that trust him. a Mason is early told. no Mason will deceive willingly. Only the most most certain abandoned of men. To all these he trials owes a nobler justice. For to Him all vain distinctions Are as pebbles on the sea. when it is fit to lay aside the eagerness of acquisition. and to all its les- Let him not learn nothing. is a Divine attribute and the . triumph is strife. even amidst the decays if late for of age. . sincerity. there is but is one question: he lived well? There in the school of no evil in death but which life makes. nor care not whether he learns or not. and hath a claim on his sympathies and kind offices and that beneath the rough garments which labor wears may beat hearts as noble as throb under the sloth . to in its teachings effect. Man walks. Let not the years pass over him. never too life is rightly conducted. There is no extravagance nor is anything done for the sake of present The whole course of human life is a conflict with difficul. witnesses of only his and indifference or see him zealous to acquire everything Nor let him labor only for himself. or the cheerfulness of endeavor. stars of princes. teaches us Duty . in arrangements and tasks. said . straightforwardness. God. the absent. and. to issue is to flash that shall open Let the Mason be faithful sons ! in the school of life. Nor tance. nor forget that the humblest man that lives is his brother. from .

SUBLIME ELECT OF THE TWELVE. . nor can fortune subvert the wise. and he who imagines that It is he becomes a Mason by merely taking the first two or three Deand that he may. The man who is always true is both virtuous and wise. bow- . for that the source of justice and cence. and modest in to avoid every irregularity that stains the soul and dis- pay homage and patient to wisdom and virtue . it is by studying one and practising the other. having leisurely stepped upon that small grees. an obedient son. . a faithful husband. to innocence to be constant prosperity tempers the body it is by following these precepts that a Mason will become a good citizen. that the conduct of a Mason becomes irreproachable. but without without arrogance. with ardor the duties which virtue and the social relations impose upon him. The good of Humanity being its principal object. to be humble. and that there is nothing to be done in Masonry. in adversity. tled within the regard to matters that coulrl be easily circle? set- Masonic family Has the duel. without ostentation and without profusion . a tender father. to abjure every sentiment of hatred and revenge to show himself magnanimous To pity the misfortunes of others to be proud. disinterestedness is one of the is first virtues that it requires benefi- of its members. and denounced by the municipal code. without labor or exertion. will deceive him. or do they not. that hideous heritage of barbarism. thenceforward worthily wear the honors of Masonry. is strangely deceived. meanness. All the noble deeds that have beat their truth marches through succeeding ages have proceeded from men of and genuine courage. and thus possesses the greatest guards of : safety for the law has not power to strike the virtuous . but . interdicted among Brethren by our fundamental laws. The bases of Masonry being morality and virtue. and fulfill . Is it true that nothing remains to be clone in in Masonry ? Does one Brother no longer proceed by law against another Brother of his Lodge. . and a true brother will honor friendship. who would have remained uninjured if he had not trusted. because Masonry imposes upon us these duties that it is properly and significantly styled zvork. or self-denial or sacrifice. and liberal. elevation. 185 Cicero. to be the to respect enemy of vice . yet disappeared from the soil we inhabit ? Do Masons of high rank religiously refrain from 13 it .

Do their possessors qualify themselves to enlighten the world in respect to the aims and objects of Masonry? Descendants of those Initiates We who governed and operate tional liberty ? empires. its arbitrament. how can you exercise any influence on others? Continually you praise each other. its colleges. they and where are those great primidistinguished tive truths of revelation taught. union. despite ing to a corrupt public opinion. submit to the scandal which it occasions to the Order. and infirmaries political controversies ? now conducted with no violence and their Breth- bitterness Do Masons ren refrain from defaming and denouncing who differ with them in religious or political opinions ? What grand social problems or useful projects engage our attention at our communications ? Where in our Lodges are lectures habitually delivered for the real instruction of the Brethren? Do not our sessions pass in the discussion of minor matters of business. why permit great and and ambitious pretensions? How do your violent controversy own words and acts agree? If your Masonry is a nullity. are until their true features can have high dignities and sounding titles. which Masonry has preserved to . and in violation of the feeble restraint of their oath? longer form uncharitable opinions of their Brethren. and judge themselves by one rule and their Brethren by another ? Do Masons no Has Masonry any done that which it well-regulated system of charity? Has it should have done for the cause of education? its Where Are are its ? schools. whom after their admission we take no pains to instruct ? In what Lodge are our ceremonies explained and as elucidated . didates. Why then do you retain among you Your men who and jealousies. does your influence enter into practical life efficiently in behalf of well-regulated and constitu- debates should be but friendly conversations.186 MORALS AND DOGMA. and utter elaborate and highexcite rivalries . enter harsh judgments against them. and peace. You need concord. academies. corrupted scarcely be the world ? by time. its hospitals. the settlement of points of order and questions of mere and the admission and advancement of Canadministration.

withered.SUBLIME ELECT Ol- THE TWELVE. give account to thy country hast thou done with thy time and life? The law interrogates thee. . to advance ever longer enmities exist? among men ? Do Do toleration . and his body was denied the honors of sepulture. these conquer. that the acacia. Is it true that all our actions are so many acts homage to virtue ? Explore the recesses of your hearts examine ourselves with an impartial eye. above others excellent. no one could gain admittance to the sacred asylum of the until he had passed under the most solemn judgment. 187 wrought eulogies upon the Order. What a lesson the old Masonry taught to the sons of the people Is 'it true that Masonry is effete. "Whoever thou of thy actions! What art. has been a model of In Eg>pt. Everywhere you assume that you are what you should be. grave tribunal sat in judgment upon all. Every one of us all who dies. ! After praising each other all our lives. thy country hears thee. let us to our own questioning! Can we bear to ourselves the consoling testimony that we always rigidly perform our duties that we even half perform them? Let us away with this odious self-flattery ! Let us be men. over our coffins. cannot wholly change men's natures. Alas. a very child of the celestial light. shower unlimited eulogies. where Masonry was more cultivated than vanity. only by repressing the fire of their passions. Is freedom yet universal? Have ignorance and prejudice disappeared from the earth? Are there no A of truth on all his actions. public accuser recounted the history of the dead man's life. They enlighten them. however useless his life. they point out the true way but they can lead them in it. and Masonry is forgotten . among our old Masters. affords no shade that Masonry no longer marches in the advanceguard of Truth? No. his ! . even the kings. Truth sits in judgment on thee!" Princes came there to be judged. an evil life. escorted only by their virtues and their vices. and make answer of . if we cannot be sages! The laws of Masonry. and threw the blaze of the torch If it were adjudged that he had led was condemned in the presence of the memory nation. cupidity and falsehood no longer and harmony prevail among religious and political sects? There are works yet left for Masonry to accomplish. and subjugating their selfishness. who. there are always excellent Brethren. the virtues. and nowhere do you look upon yourselves as you are. greater than the twelve labors of Hercules. They tomb A said to the dead.

without ceasing to be true to without ceasing to be Masonry. to reconstruct society. to reform the laws. . to enlighten the minds of the people. progress. resolutely and steadily. hind. And Masonry cannot cease to labor in the cause of social itself. and to improve the public The eternity in front of it is as infinite as the one bemorals.1 88 MORALS AND DOGMA.

and thus is led directly to God. [Master Architect. demanding so THE much them of us. have no emblems. is one office of every great ministration to human nature. success and disappointment. joy and sorrow. are 189 a loneliness in deep sorrow Alone. and the vast powers and capacities of the and to that theme we invite your attention in this Degree. as higher help. bring us at once to reflect upon the dig- nity of nature.] great duties that are inculcated by the lessons taught by the working-instruments of a Grand Master Architect. To waken that slumbering consciousness into life. that go into the stillness of Infinitude and Eternity. sympathy. Let us begin to rise from earth toward the Stars. human go but a little way into the depths of sorrow. The thoughts that writhe there in silence. and taking for granted the capacity to perform faithfully and fully. toward God. such as no tongue ever uttered.1 GRAND MASTER ARCHITECT. There are many things in us of which we are not distinctly conscious. Evermore the human soul struggles toward the light. We are unconscious of the intensity and awfulness of the life within us. or the tongue. Words human soul . It is especially so in its afflictions. Health and sickness. the mind wrestles with . and the Infinite. whether its vehicle be the pen. life and death. and so to lead the soul up to the Light. the pencil. love and loss. Thoughts enough come there. They do not There is so much want human which the Deity alone can relieve. the great problem of calamity. and seeks the solution from the Infinite Providence of Heaven.

and fibre in our bodily frame performs its silent part for years." "ease. and the gilded arches are dimly seen through his half-slumbering eyelids. : but above us and all around and close to us and Eternity is before us and behind us and suns and stars are silent witnesses and watchers over us. neath the commonplace of mystery and grandeur lies beThere is an awfulness and a majesty around us. A dim consciousness of all infinite life. words upon our lips . So we live our little life its steps. stretches . in that vacuity. and quite worn out with daily uses. The dread arch is . where nothing is where we stretch out our hands in vain." the wealth of meaning in the fond epithets. We never know the full significance of 'che words. comes the awful and desolate shadow." and "health. nerve. asleep at the foot of a pillar in a majestic Roman church. we have seem never to know what any thing means or is worth until lost it." and "friend. cannot quite lose the sense of where it is. Infinite Powers and Infinite spaces lie all around us. and strain our eyes thing or the person is : upon dark and dismal vacuity." until the that value. and we are quite uncon!*s We scious of value. and find how'essential was taken away. it. everywhere. It is not until it it is injured that to we discover our happiness and comfort." "child. It becomes only the more real to us. Many an organ. lose the object that Yet. however given up to the occupations of daily life. the objects it handles. that awful majesty . until. The scene of its actual engagements may be small . Eternity enthroned amid Heaven's myriad starry heights and no utterance or word ever came from those far-off and silent is Above. But the choral symphonies fall softly upon his ear. we do not we . So it may be." "beloved. Heaven : of Mystery spreads over us. in place of the bright. "property. Our in blessings not only brighten when they depart. seems not to hear or see. the path of beaten and familiar. The rude peasant from the Apennines. but are fixed enduring reality and love and friendship receive their everlasting seal under the cold impress of death. around us. We are enfolded by Infinity. loved. easily spanned. visible being. So the soul. "parent. in all our little worldliness.igO familiar MORALS AND DOGMA. and of what is above it and around it. and we do not know to what depths they point \vithin us. and amidst such things that we all live. but to dream only of the herd he feeds or the ground he tills in the mountains. it spaces. and no voice ever pierced is .

through all the void wastes of life. dead. and wailingly and in almost speechless agony praying the dread arch of mystery to break. some sanctuary in his soul. ant-hill. It is not all of life to live. Our evermore haunted with thoughts. tell us what they alone . and all to . and whither we . there goes . but are capable of bet- . . steps are no negative. or superficial or worldly existence. the sounds of music and revelling. and the stars that roll above the waves of mortal trouble. off into infinity IQI . unuttered. that he hides it from traits . There is no being so base and abandoned but hath some is Man In him and about him of that sacredness left upon him something. this poor day's conflict. or the an echo that Life is echo of some word of kindness once spoken to him will never die away. . the enthroned majesty of those awful heights to find a voice the mysterious and reserved heavens to come near. in the beaten and worn track of this wordlv pilgrimage. loved and lost are going. where no one may some sacred inclosure. . Something of sublimity and sanctity has esty thus flashed down from heaven into the heart of every one that lives. a beseeching cry. There is more here. . touching continually sue of mystery. So it is with us all. amidst the stir and noise of visible life. to know to give us information of the make known to us what we are. around him. encompassed with a dome of incomprehensible wonders. far beyond their own range. some vibrating thread in this great tis- We all not only have better intimations. But from that the shout of joy and the shriek of agony go up into the silent and all-surrounding Infinitude but also. . love. than the world we live in.GRAND MASTER ARCHITECT. the stir and tread of a multitude. for call. An unseen and infinite a sense of something greater than we possess a seeking. or the remembrance of a pure all enter. is that which should fill his life with majand sacredness. and beneath busy it is this little struggle of life. from the inmost bosom of the visible man. not only the talk of the streets. or the image of a venerated parent. which some have regarded as the reminiscences of a preexistent state. to speak revelation. this ant-hill of Time. for a good beyond it a crying out of the heart for interpretation a memory of the presence is here . where the memory of a child is. an asking. so much perhaps in discordance with his general repute. up an imploring unutterable.

And it is one part of our Masonic culture to find these traits of power and sublime devotion. The pressure of some great emergency would develop in us powers. all situations. in effect. the moral master of his fate. the power to rise. if we would but find them out. different men bring totally different results. would not one and another step forth. miserable. and a ruling power. if one in it were doomed to die one.IQ2 ter things than . a free and lofty being. and it is the power and mastery of his will that chiefly distinguish him from the brute. or misfortune. we know. voluptuousness. than the world takes account of. Upon all conditions of men presses down one impartial law. Because God commands him to rise. fear. high or low. The faculty of moral will. not what they are in themselves. "I will die. but that. that breaks down one man. distress. and Heaven so deals with us. It is the very attribute and glory of a man. To . helpless and irresponsible upon the tide of events. Man is no bubble upon the sea of his fortunes. Never was a human being sunk so low that he had not. that he can bend the circumstances of his condition to the intellectual and moral purposes of his nature. poverty. the mind gives their character. it would be utterly impossible for its members. it is certain that he can rise. and say. like the Roman father and son. and every low passion. They are. to be selected by the others." And in how many. parents and children. degraded. It is a new power brought upon the scene. the almost squandered bequests of God's love and kindness to our souls and to induce us to yield ourselves to their guidance and control. to revive these faded impressions of generosity and self-sacrifice. developed in the child. delegated from Heaven. or than we take note of. builds up another and makes him strong. The King may be mean. MORALS AND DOGMA. "Let the blow fall on me !" There are greater and better things in us all. difficulty. more than a Prince in happiness. to all fortunes. is a new ele- ment of his nature. but I cannot choose. but what they are to the feeling of their possessors. by God's gift. from time to time. to choose out that victim. as to call forth those better things. but that each would say. There is hardly a family in the world so selfish. The Peasant may be the real Monarch. if that dire extremity had come. beyond the worldly bias of our spirits. the slave of ambition. Out of the same circumThe same stances. freed from the vile meshes of ordinary selfishness. . more than a King in honor.

the solemn music of the pines sings the requiem of his departed happiness. the ear makes its own melodies and the world without reflects the world within. the rude. the dishonest. and temptations instruments to promote his virtue and happiness and is so far from being the creature of circumstances. the great roar of the sea has an angry and threatening emphasis. . who demand more than they are likely to receive. that he creates and controls them. it looks upon . selfish- the cold-hearted must expect to meet coldness the proud. and everything wears a of the brooks is dim. the social condition. to him as a moral being. relationships. appropriate ters. and pains. Let the Mason never forget that life and the world are what we make them by our social character by our adaptation. the cheerful light shines garishly upon his eyes and offends him. will present annoyances. a discord to him. everywhere. and sickly aspect. . haughtiness the passionate. from its disappointments. to the proud. and trials. than the eye sees a presence of profound joy on hill and valley. < . rudeness. The great train of the seasons passes before him like a funeral procession and he sighs. to make all situations. and pursuits of To the selfish. must not be surprised if are forgotten and those who stoop to the lowest embraces of sense must not wonder. dancing water. of evil or of good. Life. or want of discords . The murmuring that which . and the mountains are covered with day. the cold. and the violent. to those who are unreasonably sensitive about the good or ill opinions of others. and should use it. flashes. . it is all beauty and gladness the waves ocean roll in light. and turns impatiently away. anger ness . to all these. The eyes of the cheerful and of the melancholy man are fixed upon the same creation but very different are the aspects which it bear' to them. to the jealous. Life is what we make it. To the one. if others are not concerned to their Those who forget the own .GRAND MASTER ARCHITECT. rights of others. IQ3 Every man has the pcnver. . . very nature. haughty and presuming. The other idly or mournfully gazes at the dull. same scene. rejoicing. and the sensual. The eye makes . ever afraid they shall not receive enough. and the world is what we make it. There is more to him. to the the world. the violent. making them to be all that they are. affections will not revolve around . to him. to all violators of the social laws. bright. upon every flower and every tree that trembles in the breeze. to their several charac- The benevolent . adaptation to the social conditions. and the insensible.

at his leiand guilty pleasure makes the They The fair towering indignation. not in themselves. evil He makes occasions. business of the world absorbs. and ence. raise his virtue to the height of honest man more honest. and virtue often falls but the might of these bitterest of evils . and the weakness of our own hearts. He is prepared to capitulate before the first approach is commenced and sends out the white flag when the enemy's advance comes in sight . the corrupt. good an honest man will find that there is honesty in the world and a man of principle will find principle and integrity in the minds of the gentle. corrupts. . and entertains them with a lavish hospitality. and in every scene. and lift it find their prostrate honor. and allow the temptations lies enemy sure.s him to madness. We rely too much on the strength of our ramparts and bastions. but in the feebleness of our own virtue. or. the safe opportunity. many will be gentle. The offer of dishonest gain by trench and parallel. of his walls. the dishonest. pure. thoughts come. if opportunities come not. the clash and clang of whose maf chinery jars'upon^his ears and fre . Life is subto another. the false-hearted. and the pure man more But to the impure. There are no temptations from which assailed virtue may not gain strength. and degrades one it feeds and nurses the noblest independand generosity. instead of falling before them. It is true that temptations have a great power. and through every avenue of thought and imagination.194 MORALS AND DOGMA. occasion. others. like a it is noble strain of music a vvith infinite modulations . the world is a great The mind. many will be man will find that there is goodness in the world kind. . occasions come every day. and the sensual. Pleasure is a poison to some. The honest and upright man does not wait until temptation has made its approaches and mounted its batteries on the last parallel. huge factory. up to the remembrance and respect of the world. To one. vanquished and subdued. There are no blessings which the mind may not convert into the and no trials which it may not transform into the noblest and divinest blessings. . to the kind. the tempting chance become the defeat and disgrace of the tempter. a healthful refreshment to others. integrity. and he throws wide open the gates of his heart and welcomes those bad visitors. To A . while in another harmony. to make his approaches.

He has a paternal interest in our welfare and improvement that He has given us powers. and the mind's misery is chiefly its own fault appointed. In the long run. without some faith in man. ground. and be conquerors in the great struggle of life. it planted. no rest for the weary. To sigh sentimentally over . dition. . undergoing the same disciand enjoying the same privileges. . When happy. same thing to all who partake of its lot.GKAND MASTER ARCHITECT. A certain kind and degree of spirituality enter into the largest part of even the most ordinary life. the world would rush . no home in the bosom . passionthe Supreme Apathy to which all things. stantially the 195 rise to virtue pline. without confiding in the inward. . of God for the afflicted and disconsolate soul in the . Take away any one of these principles. just in proportion to its is miserable. You can carry on no busiYou cannot even dig in the ness. sink to shame and per. to chaos. and when the fathers have eaten less. as every Mason should. is fit only for the mind's childhood. . All the affections and bonds. successful. You cannot without a reliance on the unseen result. that He is our father that . thorns in . labor resolutely. and cries out in loud comand that complaint is but the louder confession that the plaint thorns which grew there. by means of which we may escape from sin and ruin . hope steadfastly. or a somewhat that when attempted to be defined. Thorough. or that God is but an ugly blind Chance that stabs is. emotionless. good and evil. that He has destined us to a future life of endless progress toward perfection and a knowledge of Himself believe this. spiritual principles of your nature. is always and the highest happiness. Believe that there is a God . and honest endeavor to improve. think or reason or even step. under the good Providence of God. as the punisher and corrector of its fault. faithful. are alike indifferent or a jealous God who revengefully visits the sins of the fathers on the children. dark. it has planted the its own path it grasps them. and hopes and interests of life centre in the spiritual know that if that central and you bond were broken. Yet some and glory while others. human misfortune. the fidelity mind will be it and wisdom. and what remains for us? Say that there is no God or no way opened for hope and reformation and triumph. no heaven to come. deny yourselves cheerfully. endure patiently. a Jiowhat. and you can live calmly.

and beneficent God. an arbitrary supreme Will. with no blessed haven its in the distance whose guiding-star invites us to welcome rest. embrace the great truths taught by Masonry. were suddenly severed. it would im- were to sever all the could cut off from . and live by them. can struggle and conquer. We We could cut off from any soul all the principles taught by Masonry. And if we it moral bonds that hold society together. wise. misery. It is there. tossing helmless upon the wel. without a reliance on a just. in its great relations. vacillatsavage Hebrew or Puritanic one. . sour grapes. the man would sink at once to the grade of the animal. toiling for barren results and empty purooses. is as much the creation of Heaven is the system of the Universe. angry. nor live happily. are made for this faith and there must be something.196 MORALS AND DOGMA. and we are but the sport of chance and the victims of despair. darkfore true. the faith in a God. wanderers with no way. to be feared and not reverenced by His creatures. otherwise than as the swine are. and of a conscience within it. in virtue. If ness. and ruin. inconstant Deity. if we every conviction of Truth and Integrity. for us to believe in. no prospect. somewhere. or accursed and hated earth surrounded by darkness. no home doomed and deserted mariners on a dark and stormy sea. and misled by false gleams of light . and wrong to lie and steal. ing. because IT pleased to make it so rather than otherwise. tering. If that bond of gravitation all that holds the universe would worlds and systems together. that has made it right to be virtuous. can we improve and be happy. hapless wanderers upon the face of a desolate. or a fickle. We and revengeful God. No man can suffer and be patient. without hope. "/ put my trust in God. fly into wild and boundless chaos. to whom no stars appear. If we could cut off all sense of these truths. retaining the power to reverse the law . of necessity. must. that soul would sink into sin. to live happily. The religious faith thus taught by Masonry is indispensable to the attainment of the great ends of life and must therefore have . as Society. in essential rectitude. been designed to be a part of it. struggling with obstacles. angry waves. forsaken. cannot grow healthfully. in immortality. of an authority above it. without it. bloodthirsty. without conscience. or a cruel." is the protest of Masonry against the belief in a cruel. distracted with doubts. without compass or course. sets the children's teeth on edge.

A whole people lives one life. speedy ruin. and beneficent God. it as gravitation to the stars. The total rejection of all moral and religious belief would strike out a principle from ening tempest. can struggle and conquer. intemperance. nature. intelligence. without conscience. as a principle of man's nature. corruption. dishonesty. The religion we teach is therefore as really a principle of things. without a reliance on a just. temperance. the cry of the young raven heard . be patient. His soul does not die for want of alimenj: or guidance. can improve and be happy. as essential to stinct to animal life. is as necessary for the guidance of a man. and live by them. the animal in its activ- the physical man in his functions. a rapturous jubilee or a . will make it a happy community. The pleasures of the soul. human body. Ity/ mediately rush to disorder and frightful anarchy and ruin. crime. us and these are the principles of faith. to live happily. The life of that community depends upon its moral condition.GRAND MASTER ARCHITECT. the star in its orbit. And therefore this faith. has a mission as truly authentic in God's Providence. and and bring about dissolution and miserable. We great truths taught by Masonry. as gravitation. in virtue. For the rational soul there is ample provision. must of necessity embrace the wise. From the lofty pine. one mighty heart heaves in its bosom it is one great pulse of existence that throbs there. Wide-spread selflibertinism. and in God. One stream of life flows there. is rocked in the dark- and it would be most strange if there were no answer for the cry and call of the soul. love. through all the homes of human ishness. We are mem- bers of a civil community. and as certain and true. without hope. its properties and a conscience. inthe circulation of the blood to the human God has ordained that life shall be a social state. and give it prosperity and continuance. will make it . Public spirit. as the principle of instinct. too. kindness. Faith in moral principles. . domestic purity. And he has likewise fixed and certain laws and principles as a spiritual being. must depend on cer- They must recognize a soul. Everything in the universe has fixed and certain laws and principles for its action ity. and the sense of an authority above responsibilities. uprightness. . as instinct is for the guidance of an animal. No man can suffer and tain principles. with ten thousand intermingled branches and channels. tortured by want and sorrow and agony. One sound as of many waters.

an atmosphere of sighs. an ocean of tears. his fidelity. and selfish indulgence. agent or contractor. nowhere but in his virtue. by any process. the rectitude of a parent! blight that can fall upon a child. it rejoices with the joy of millions. press but lightly on the conscience. in which the ocean of existence is flowing! What an unequalled interest lies in the virtue of every one whom we love In his virtue. to strike the bosom of the Public Welfare. to encourage venality and corruption. compared with what we care for his honor. comes up from the congregated dwellings of a whole nation. or a great whole of joy and gladness. bonds of amity that bind a Nation together! What a huge iniquity. his kindness? How venerable ! How is sacred his reputation like a parent's dishonor. his reputa! tion. or virtue. anger. and make it their beaten way. If pleasure if the human we could be might bend patient under the load of a mere worldly it. It suffers with the suffering of millions. dares to pierce that mighty heart. private man or public man. A thousand . What care we for brother or friend. is garnered up the incomparable treasure. and none would wonder or protest. secretary or president. if could bear that burden as the beasts bear all then. nor should that which is done against that Public. an instrument capable of put out of tune or broken. Such is life. and his freely bestowed pains that that . every parent is would have do well and pours out upon him all the full. The Public is no vague abstraction. he who. In that way he cannot walk one step without virtue. then avarice. against public interest. and sensuality might channel out their paths in it. in its relationships. ambition. who dares. with vices like the daggers of a parricide. like beasts. law.198 MORALS AND DOGMA. like the fine nerves of a deli- cate organization like the strings of sweet melodies. life. mournful sighing. and to weaken the indignity . in the one desire that he may do well he may be worthy of his cares. What a vast crime does he commit. or of office to sow dissension. call we we our thoughts to the earth and no from the . ness of parental love. . Heathen or Christian. ties embrace it. be made insensible to pain and heart were hard as adamant. and wrong. he may walk in the way of honor and happiness. by rudeness. and shameful sale of the elective franchise. but easily If life could. It is but a vast expansion of individual life. . his child No . with legislator or magistrate.

human life is a great and solemn dispensation. who can refuse the call of rea- son and conscience. God looks down upon this scene of human probation. ferings. feeling.GRAND MASTER ARCHITECT. us. nothing. chained to the earth and yet exploring the far recesses of the universe. frail. We are not willing to suffer. centres upon one point fidelity of man. and fearing. But . Everything that exists every movement in nature. fear. enjoying. The wise and the good in all ages have interposed for it. to barter away sell the dearest treasures. those ." soul. hoping. has the power to Around drawn . Human nature. for fading cheek. and the shrouded dead should glide through the aisles of our churches and sit in our Masonic Temples. anxiety. in ivhich no work. "H 7 ork while the day lasts! for the night of death cometh. every counsel of Provithe dence. and suffer and sorrow. ghosts of departed opportunities. The soul is capable of remorse. loving. and overshadowed with calamity and grief. We are not willing to bear those burdens of the heart. When the great dispensations of life press down upon us. action of existence the curtains of Time are this great but there are openings through them which give us glimpses of eternity. and sorrowing. But we are not insensible brutes. the very suf- from failing frame and our tears of bitterness and groans of anguish. sensitive. without any object or use. with their teachings and their blood. And sorrow and agony desire other companionships than worldliness and irreligion. . without advantage or compensation . hating. And even if the ghosts of the departed and re- around at midnight through the barred doors of our dwellings. every interposition of God. of the heart. 199 great Heavens above us would startle us from our plodding and earthly course. and trouble. we weep. man can There are no tokens of public mourning for the calamity of the Men weep when the body dies and when it is borne to its last rest. their teach- membered could come ings would be no more eloquent and impressive than the dread realities of life than those memories of misspent years. cry continually in our ears. to have our days and months lost to comfort and joy. suffering. disappointment. Everywhere. to the life-blood cannot bear to suffer for nought. commune with God and His angels. they follow it with sad and mournful procession. that. to be sick and afflicted. Man. pointing to our conscience and eternity.

and the commencing glory of Heaven are worth of their own . the nobility of earth. wants and sorrows. inner. and an humbler creature. for the lost soul there are no obsequies. not in mind. but in mensuration. virtue. through the rags with which poverty has clothed it. there. infinite worth of The poor man. painting. charity. it in that humble lot. his divine energy. It is which man permanently is. and virtue . like a mere of their mental powers ordinary thing amid the splendors that surround him. when of genius are diffused and rightly revealed. few value it for what it is worth. the unfathomable mines that are in the soul to be wrought. Some have the capacity of uttering and embodying in words their thoughts. his immortal thought. feels. Men respect themselves. more the favorites The difference among men is not so much in their nature and power. and feel that acknowledge and cheer . and the rapture of shared . intrinsic All men. the freighted argosy of man's hopes and best affections. because others are above him. man have a value which nothing is They are worth a care which nothing else worth : and to the single.. there no open lamentation . and forgets the intrinsic and eter own mind in a poor and degrading envy. solitary individual. take audible or visible shape when patriotism. statuary. The glory among unnumbered minds. his infinite aspiration and nevertheless. He sees the j carriage of wealth roll by him. his inward being. When eloquence and poetry speak when those glorious arts. They are proud but the intrinsic. And yet the minJ and soul of else has. And all yet the mind is in reality little known or considered. . are brighter than gold and dearer than treasure. loftier in the nal dignity of his feels as world's opinion. fed those thoughts. Few see a brother-mind in others. and music. more or less. as in the faculty of communication. The stored treasures of the heart. they ought to possess an interest which nothing else possesses. according as they are more wealthy. amidst the Few close pressure of worldly troubles. his boundless capacity. able to command of the people or of Fewer. is for the dying soul. higher in rank or office. lofty and immortal being as he is. admitted their own minds they do not perceive.2OO MORALS AND DOGMA. to a palace. more votes. the broad and boundless realms of Thought. beneath the crushing burdens of life. Men do not feel the souls.

to the call of honor. is the faculty is and power of making other hearts respond. usually translated Lord 14 . That alone. scorned. nurse those who are dying on every hand. comprehends the Maker of all. within the compass of possession. this capacity power to commune with God a reflection of the Uncreated Light a mirror ! . under power God. is ADOXA'I. abandoned. whom he loves. can compare with the wonders and grandeurs of a single thought. That alone is the key which unlocks all the treasures of the Universe the that reigns over Space. of all things that have been made. and which the He- . glories that possibility. . nor broad empire. scale burning walls to rescue child or from the ravenous flames. 2O1 speak with a thrilling potency. No one so low or degraded. with a contagious and horrid pestilence. in the old Hebrew and Samaritan character. in the percepand thought of the glorious mind. Heaven. nor struc- ture of ages. that we can look rightly upon the purposes of this earth. the hearts of thousands glow with a kindred joy and ecstasy. and that you feel the dignity of your own nature and the vast capacities of your own soul for good or evil. over the five columns. without expectation of reward. dors of the Universe. in the hope that you have listened to and understood the Instruction and Lecture of this Degree. is the Sovereign Dispenser to man of all the blessings and . Time. If it were not so. generosity. through every chord of it. nor ever lie will exist for us except as they exist and will exist. The in de- poor African Slave master or mistress. and Immortality exist not. or the range of Virtue. as not sometimes to be touched with the beauty of goodness. My Brother. tion. That. or fence of the children. patriotism. outcast woman will. utter strangers to her. one of the names of God. the moral splenthe soul alone that gives any value to itself all the things of this world and it is only by raising the soul to its just elevation above all other things. as not sometimes to respond. or even base. and Eternity. No sceptre nor throne. Most glorious and His Angels that can collect is . I proceed briefly to communicate to you the remaining instruction of this Degree. A and concentrate upon It is . The Hebrew word. there would be no eloquence for eloquence is that to which other hearts respond it . suspended in the East. unknown to him. lost. will die for the and virtue. The poor. No heart is made of materials so common.GRAND MASTER ARCHITECT. feeling. The pickpocket will woman.

the divine intellectual power to generate thought. when the people cease . called by the Hebrews Tsadoc or Tsydyk. The The Doric. or second temple Degrees. the divine intellectual capacity to produce it the two latusually translated Wisdom and Understanding. in the emblematical to us of the five The orders of architecture. the omnipotent divine will. Just. and Beneficence of the Deity. of the three blue Degrees. the of the philosophical and chivalric Degrees nineteenth to the thirty-second. To and the seven that continually revolve around it. 5. 4. and Bmah. is an emblem to us of the everapproaching dawn of perfection and Masonic light. In another aspect of this Degree. Kether. from intermingled. meanings are attached. which you will learn hereafter. being the active and the passive. brews. in- The North Star. inclusive. always fixed and immutable for us. and sixteenth. Chochmah. columns. always substitute for the True Name. which five different is them ineffable. The three great lights of the Lodge are symbols to us of the Power. ter. according to the Kabalah. The Corinthian. from the fourth to the Ionic. the Chief of the Architects Rab Banaim. or the primitive i. 2. that stand at the entrance to the Masonic Temple. rising in the East. The Composite. or Emanations of the Deity. Wisdom. when you are with the philosophical doctrines of the Hebrews. made acquainted The Morning Star. are five principal divisions of the : Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite The Tuscan. of the ineffable Degrees. clusive. Jupiter. if you should be permitted to advance. represents the point in the centre of the circle. for in reading. mystical it. . of the fifteenth fourteenth. Masonry. 3. the positive and the negative.MORALS AND DOGMA. of the seventeenth and eighteenth Degrees. that no free government can long endure.] symbolizes the constitutional executive head and chief of a free government and the Degree teaches us [C*j2 21. They are the columns Jachin and Boaz. or those of the new law. They are also symbols of the first three Sephiroth. It is the especial symbol of duty and of faith. or the Deity in the centre of the Universe. which we do not yet endeavor to explain to you.

to this peaceful retreat of virtue." : me kings rule. We welcome you a participation in among our privileges. a "divine right" to govern and it is vested tn statesmen . my Brother. wisest. and into such hands commit the country's destinies. by me princes nobles. to . let this suffice. : "Counsel : is mine. and For the present. best. us. and sound wisdom I am understanding I am power by do reign. the low. after all. . to select for their magistrates the best the ablest. and the wisest of their when. even all the magistrates of the earth. they permit factions or sordid interests to select for them the small.GRAND MASTER ARCHITECT. passing these by. and the obscure. of every nation. the ignoble. to a share in our joys and our sorrows. There is. and princes decree justice.

you must find out for yourself what it means. Isaac. and that under . they have for ages read the word Adona'i instead. containing in itself a deeper truth and a true. which represent the vowels. profounder meaning. a protection against personal danger. Lot. know that for many centuries the Hebrews have been for- We bidden to pronounce the Sacred Name that \vherever it occurs. they placed those which belonged to the latter word. and evil spirits. The possession of the true pronunciation was deemed to confer on him who had it extraordinary and supernatural powers and the . came to be used. Rebecca. it. Laban. It certain that the word which the Hebrews are not now permitted to pronounce was in common use by Abraham. Word know itself. necessarily disappearing as the intellect of man became en. and even among tribes foreign to the Hebrews. We lightened and wholly unworthy of a Mason. that all this was a vain superstition.XIII. If it be but a WHETHER is legendary myth. before the time of Moses. the legend and history of this Degree are historically or but an allegory. and that it recurs a hundred times in the lyrical effusions of David and other Hebrew poets. The Sacred Word HOM was supposed by the ancient Persians (who were among the earliest emigrants from Northern India) to be 2O4 . we shall not now debate. was regarded as an amulet. when the masoretic points. ROYAL ARCH OF SOLOMON. worn upon the person. Jacob. It is noticeable that this notion of the sanctity of the Divine Name or Creative Word was common to all the ancient nations. sickness. natural to a rude people.

possible for of the Deity to have been forgotten and lost. could.Word grew up in the minds of the people. all allegories misunderstood. in which are rep- Thus . by being It is true. lost were figuratively said to forget the name of God. and passed their chilthat Men dren through the fire to Moloch. nor the Ineffable Word. when the knowledge of the true nature and attributes of God faded out of the minds of the Jewish people.ROYAL ARCH OF SOLOMON. and worshipped the heathen deities. when they knowledge. and burned incense to them on the high places. and Seeva. but not the inner and . These superstitious notions in regard to the efficacy of the Word. the Sacred Name of the One Deity. It was name . Vishna. or of the esoteric doctrine taught by Moses. 2O5 pregnant w. being errors. and its pronounciation. and sometimes more than two. That is one interpretation true. Thus the pronunciation of the word was a symbol and that pronunciation and the word itself were lost. and the prohibition against pronouncing it. The ancient symbols and allegories always had interpretation. have formed no part of the pure primitive religion. to be understood by the sages. They always had a double meaning. the select few. out of original truths and symbols So it has always been that allego- intended as vehicles of truth. one serving as the envelope of the other. Deity. are an allegory. was of a word in the Hebrew language could it not be known from the characters in which that of the was. the pronunciation have become or bred errors. and the full knowledge of which was confined to the Initiates unless the whole was but an ingenious invention for the concealment of some other Name or truth. the interpretation and meaning whereof was made known only to .ui a mysteiious power. more than one profoundest one. manifested as Brahma. the attempts of the ancient Israelites and of the Initiates to ascertain the True Name of the Deity. If so. that before the masoretic points were invented (which after the beginning of the Christian era). and the loss of the True Word. like other errors and fables among and ries. literally accepted. therefore. In India it was forbidden to pronounce the word AUM or OM. and they taught that by its utterance the world was created. It is certain that its true pronunciation is not that represented by the word Jehovah and therefore that that is not the true name of written. the ancient nations. the common notions in regard to the.

To this rule the Hebrews were no exception. The true nature of to them. amended in the prophetic writings. The mass of the Hebrews did not only believe in the existence of one Their early and were singularly low and unworthy. and afterward the National God. and their low -and erroneous and dishonoring notions of the Grand Architect of . and of that of Jacob. the proneness of the people of Judah and Israel to worship other deities. more powerful than the other god'e of the same nature worshipped . These conceptions gradually improved and became purified and ennobled. first of the family of Abraham. the calves of Jeroboam. like His name and they worshipped . the star Among of your god. until a late period in their history. and another for the common people.. as they believed. they forced Aarun to make them an image of the Egyptian god Apis. except that he was the peculiar God. as among other nations. as in the desert they did that made for them by Aarun. speaking of their forty years' journeying in the desert. under Moses. lowest in the historical books. to the mass of the people. the Moabite deity. said to them. and built high places for Kamus. poor and imperfect. as the nation advanced in civilization being . was like the gods of the nations around them. the Aamunite god. which ye made to yourselves. God popular ideas of the Deity . and fell down and adored it. "Ye have borne. the conceptions of God formed by individuals varied according to their intellectual and spiritual capacities. Even while Moses was receiving the law upon Mount Sinai. and investing God with the commonest and coarsest attributes of humanity. God was unknown and Malec the god of the Beni-Aamun. and Malcum. intelligent. and educated. the Universe. and. Among all the ancient nations there was one faith and one idea of Deity for the enlightened. and reaching their highest elevation among the poets. Yehovah." them. which all shared except a few favored persons sacrificed to Astarat. among the ignorant and coarse pure and lofty among the virtuous and richly gifted." Amos. the prophet.2C6 MORALS AND DOGMA. They were ever ready to return to the worship of the gods of the Mitzraim and soon after the death of Joshua they became devout worshippers of the false gods of all the surrounding nations. of that of Isaac. resented the general ignorance of the true nature and attributes of God. the for even Solomon built altars and goddess of the Tsidunim. "the tabernacle of your Malec and Kaiun your idols.

Menu. It is certain that they possessed a knowledge of the true nature and attributes of God as the same class of men did among the other nations Zoroaster. which was made known to edge was. in the greater mysteries. and he did it not. But their doctrines on this subject fucius. to the Israelites he insisted on and delighted in sacrifices and burntofferings he was angry. in Persia and Phoenicia. Conand Plato. . . or took little trouble to correct these no. to the Initiates. and to induce him to change his first determination in regard to Sodom he wrestled with Jacob he showed Moses his person. before he would believe in . and revengeful. under other names. the Grand Elect. constituted. thrace. as he walked in it in the cool of the day he conversed with Kayin he sat and ate with Abraham in his tent that patriarch required a visible token. The communication of which are perhaps of this knowledge and other secrets. by their neighbors "Who among the Baalim is like unto thee. tions or the popular intellect was not enough enlarged to enable them to entertain any higher conceptions of the Almighty. and Sublime Masons. but only to a favored few and as they were communicated in Egypt and India. and the dimensions of the tabernacle and its furniture. The present name of the Order. But such were not the ideas of the intellectual and enlightened few among the Hebrews. as well as wavering and irresolute he allowed Moses to reason him out of his . Such were the popular notions of the Deity and either the priests had none better. . . though not his face he dictated the minutest police regulations his positive . were not then known. Perfect. what Masonry. . call we now in . O Adam and Eve in the garden of delight. . jealous. promise he permitted Abraham to expostulate with him. fixed resolution utterly to destroy his people he commanded the performance of the most shocking and hideous acts of cruelty and .ROYAL ARCH OF SOLOMON. some lost. . and its titles. were esoteric they did not communicate them to the people at large. he repented of barbarity. . and the names of the Degrees now in use. . Yehovah?" expressed their whole creed. the Lost Word. . He hardened the heart of Pharaoh the evil that he had said he would do unto the people of Nineveh . It would be folly to pretend that the forms of Masonry were the same in those ages as they are now. The Deity of the early Hebrews talked to . Socrates. or Free or Frank-Masonry. to the disgust and anger of Jonah. in Greece and Samo. That knowlone sense.

The not a symbol and representative hieroglyph attributes. to the intellectual name was nothing. and the cradle of the human. Persia. his various potencies. Wherefore nothing forbids you his attributes. and has come down to us in Masonry though the esoteric meaning with which the numbers used . In- The Supreme. and Khurum the Master. of his nature and if and enlightened men of all nations. By the subterranean vaults you may understand the places of initiation. further than the year 1700. and furniture. IHUH. his inaccessibility. in its arrangements . all the temples of the ancient nations that practised The system of numbers was intimately connected with their religions and worship. representing the perpetuation of the knowledge of the True God in the sanctuaries of initiation. by whatever name he was called. Pitying. The Temple ef Solomon presented a symimage of the Universe and resembled. knowledge was taught to this to consider the whole legend of Degree. All-wise. trace back its Even Blue Masonry cannot its authentic history. BAL and BALA. or figured in the . and Merciful Creator and Preserver of the Universe was the same. potent and a DESTROYER. ALOHIM. with present Degrees. a tremendous and irresponsible Will. finitely Good. represented his attributes. Beneficent. the mysteries. an allegory. like that of the Master's. erally bolic which in the ancient ceremonies were genunder ground. Khurum the King. Masonry existed as it now exists. among the Orientals. None of his names. But. existence and the generation of things.2O8 MORALS AND DOGMA. as AL Shada'i. by whatever name it was known in this or the other country. To communicate true and correct ideas in respect of the Deity was one chief object of the mysteries. All-powerful. the same in spirit and at heart. as ADONAI. and all-embracing mercy. from before the temple. by us are pregnant is unknown to the vast majority of those who use them. his might. As MOLOCH or MALEK he was but an omnipotent monarch. not only when Solomon builded even the first Egypt. but centuries before colonies emigrated into Southern India. race. Those numbers were especially employed that had a reference to the Deity. The name AL represented his remoteness above men. obtained their knowledge of him that and and in them Moses and Pythagoras. were the symbols of a divinely infinite love and tenderness. Self-existent. In them. only an arbitrary LORD and Master. if so far. Eternal.

three. Wisdom. . is the Master Mason s Word.ROYAL ARCH OF SOLOMON. The brazen sea was supported by twelve oxen. and stars three great torches in the East. engraven upon the triangular plate. was supported by twelve columns. by the mathematical equality of the and sides. of His nature and His attributes. Each extends. the beautiful and harmonious proportions which angles govern in the aggregate and details of the Universe while those sides and angles represent. in time and space. The border that ran around the columns represented the zodiac. The vault or ceilwritten by ing. and Harmony. and of the elements. and from the same to the centre of the globe. . representing the twelve months of the year. all the arrangements were mystically and symbolically connected with the same system. less the bases of that 2OO. Within the Temple. and formed more or frame-work. there are 4 +3+ =9 2 in which. And so in our day every Masonic Lodge represents the Universe. we are told. West. and South. drawn on a plane surface. The number three everywhere represented the Supreme Being. it being the number of substances or corporeal forms. and of which Masonry has in all ages been the interpreter. is Him upon the leaves of the great Book of Universal and may be read there by all who are endowed with the Nature. This knowledge requisite amount of intellect and intelligence. like the Delta or Triangle suspended in the East. by which the ancients presented Nature. and one of the twelve celestial signs was appropriated to each column. In it are represented the sun. Name. from the surface of the Earth Heavens. three looking to each cardinal point of the compass. so written there. and inclosing the to the . It corresponded with the number four. and that sunken into the cube of agate. lines visible. from the South to the North. and teaches us. The Holy of Holies of the Temple formed a cube . taught the ancient Mason. Hence the name of the Deity. forming a triangle. by their number. give it light and. frame-work of the world. and the secondary colors. indicate. and three sides or faces. the cardinal points and seasons. which presided at the building of this marvellous work. starred like the firmament. from the rising to the setting sun. These three great lights also represent the Ineffable . being the expression of order and intelligence. moon. the utterances of Divinity Himself. that the true knowledge of God. These were universally re- garded as sacred. the Trinity of Power. of God.

is a symbol of that light of Reason. lighted by thought. emblems. and of the profound mys- moral and physical Universe. The legend little of this Degree is thus. in It is its of importance whether it is anywise historical. and he was no more. ENOCH ["pin. Joabert. There are profounder meanings concealed in fhe symbols of this Degree. who seeks for knowledge from pure motives. because ancient history is little instructive. who preserved and communicated the key to the true knowledge of God. of His laws. to gain power over their fellows. For value it consists in the lessons which it inculcates. their vanity. That of bronze. to acquire it for unholy purposes. connected with the philosophical s^stero of the Hebrew . is probably symbolical. consecrated by all creeds in their the perpetual flame within. we are told. dissolution or and reproduction or regeneration. The legend of the columns. Adoniram.2IO MORALS AND DOGMA. of which Masonry is the legitimate successor from the earliest times the custodian and depository of the great philosophical and religious truths. of granite and brass or bronze. and truths are concealed in and symbolized by the legend and the myth. The parables and allegories of the Scriptures are not less valuable than history. is supposed to symbolize the mysteries. Nay. erected by him. which survived the flood. are types of the True Mason. The Lion that guarded the Ark and held in his mouth the key wherewith to open it. unknown to the world at large." His name teries of the Hebrew. Khanoc]. and Stolkin. INITIATE or INITIATOR. the revelation of the attributes of the Deity. to gratify their pride. The luminous pedestal. and the duties which prescribes to those who receive it. embodied in symbols. destruction. for God had taken him. and that he may be the better enabled to serve and benefit his fellow-men while the discontented and presumptuous Masters who were buried in the ruins of the arches represent those who strive . of creation. and handed down from age to age by an unbroken current of tradition. they are more so. interpreted. after reaching the age of sixty-five "walked with God. great mystery of the three principles. figuratively represents Solomon. or their ambition. given by God to man. The three Masters. and signified in the allegories. the Lion of the Tribe of Judah. by which he is enabled to read in the Bock of Nature the record of the numerous Trinities. walked with God three hundred years. partially.

permanent constitution. that you are now know and which. and ingenuity. tions . or constitution the expression of the fixed habits of thought of the people. rooted in the affections. but is sacred. like the Ark of the Covenant of God. an executive responsible to the people. The appointed action of life is the great training of Providence. and the right of trial by jury. you would probably discover . embodied in a written instrument. which none could touch and live.ROYAL ARCH OF SOLOMON. if rightly and faithfully done. Masonry teaches its Initiates that the pursuits and occupations of this life. or hold it at the pleasure. J7HN. and the consolidation of centuries the same in war as in peace that cannot be hastily changed. The keystone of the Royal Arch of the great It is It is a fundamental law. Araiah. in its life. for yourself. care. nor be violated with impunity. without luxury. is beautiful in its appointed put to do. 211 which you will learn hereafter. . its activity. charter. altar] They are unfolded in the higher De- The still lion (/HS. by wandering into idle dissipation. Kabalists. will guarantee the liberties of a people. if it be virtuous and temperate. he will be a good man and that it is only by neglect place. in making the world and are not at war with the great . A and without the lust of conquest and dominion. the Massymbol of human freedom. It must secure must not intrust it to the keeping. tend to promote His great design. is the is one application of this Degree. purpose of time. that he becomes a bad man. or by violating their beneficent and lofty spirit. expressing the will and judgment. : and non-performance of the task set for him by Heaven. an elective legislature of two branches. of any one man. in its that everything which man is . naturally helps to work out his salvation that if he obeys the genuine principles of his calling. not enough for a people to gain its liberty. and built upon the instincts and settled habits of thought of the people. with an independent judiciary. and if man yields himself . But there entitled to ter. remembering that Khuriim. it. It teaches that everything office . if you should be so fortunate as to advance. grees. or the result of the slow accre- Temple of Liberty . Arai. which also means the holds in his mouth the key of the enigma of the sphynx. and the follies of visionary theories of impossible perfection. the predestined devel- opments of the nature given us by God.

the cause of equity between man and man. or not whether he has once spoken of religion and God. that must not want. or of prayers. or gentle childhood. and patriotic sentiments. except for the of his religious homage and gratitude. from many a poem and fiction. Many faults there are amidst the toils of life. recognize these wide-spread agencies of Heaven's providing . man's labors. and of truth and right the conscious intent action in tht world. . as a sacrifice at a golden shrine. many harsh and hasty words are uttered. to be of religious tendency in the Masonic sense. not to . with a feeling of true self-respect. but still the toils go and hard and exasperating as they often are. Whatever inculcates pure. accords with the religion of Masonry. not . to help the tribunal on toward the right conclusion. he has that day led a good and religions life. need not be books of sermons. and the excellence of an upright life. If man had no other than mere selfish impulses. a mere it.212 to MORALS AND DOGMA. to his conscience. ings sacred to the thought of every true man. and is the Gospel of literature and art. in form or in terms. or urges the keels of commerce over wide oceans but home is its centre and thither it ever goes with its earnings. and conscience. Labor toils a-field. For in on. he has once appealed. its task in cities. the scene of labor which we behold around us would not exist. It has a meaning and an intent. noble. he will need neither churches nor ordinances. stretching of the limbs and straining of the sinews to tasks. or else right and justice are no part of religion. . living heart pours life-blood into the toiling arm and warm affections inspire and mingle with A . It is not all drudgery. or not if there has been the inward purpose. weary that home is age or sickness. or feeble woman. Books. and review and newspaper and it is a painful error and miserable narrowness. . of pious exercises. . expression For there is a religion of toil. The advocate who fairly and honestly presents his case. honor. and made a most essential contribution to that religion of life and of society. with the means of support and comfort for others offeror plies . that sacred justice should triumph. They are the home affections. is acting a religious part. with a conviction that God's justice reigns there. during all that day. That Gospel is preached from many a book and painting. Whether. leading that day a religious life. or touches the heart with the beauty of virtue. or helpless infancy. and desire.

frank. and paved streets. disinterested. not over lovers' purity homes of and busy workThere is not a worn stone upon the sidewalks. the good affections of life gush and mingle. In business. honits in the stream of life est. kindles and the countenance suffused with gladness. truth. heartfelt. straightforward. There is also a religion of society. in it. When we repose perfect confidence in the of another when we feel that he will not swerve from integrity . over all the world over all . a -temple of religion and . these gathering-places would be as act. When friends meet. The same splendor of kindly liking. Hope. mercy for the erring. devotedness. . are lenient to each other's faults. The oracles of God do not speak from the pulpit alone. Faith. or self-interest. or selfishness that spreads such a charm around that meeting. It is not policy. there is a religion between their hearts and each loves and worships the True and Good that is in the other. places . where men meet. his integrity and conscientiousness are the image of God an to us rectitude of the Deity. there is much more than sale. and dusty highways. and hands are warmly pressed. it is as great and generous dreary and repulsive as the caves and dens of outlaws and robbers. and affectionate regard. shines like the soft overarching sky. patriotism. but the halo of bright and beautiful affection. In gay assemblies for amusement. regardful of each other's feelings. for any temptation. the right. How many soever other elements there are tJiat is through these channels. to the great and good cause. and the eye is . For here are inculcated disinterested- ness. Here we greet each other gladly. exchange. . toleration. conscientious course. Every Masonic Lodge is inexpressible affection. and Charity. as and when we believe when we believe in the . to learn to know and love each other. Here we meet as brethren. payment for there is the sacred faith of man in man. ready to relieve . If they did not. but has been the altar of such .ROYAL ARCH OF SOLOMON. and walk or toil together bowers and marriage-altars alone. pity for the fallen. 213 to see and welcome these many-handed coadjutors. flowing surely here and everywhere. affection. relief for those in want. teachings are instruction in religion. a generous sympathy with those who suffer and mourn. not over the and tenderness alone but over all tilled fields. offerings of mutual kindness nor a wooden pillar or iron railing against which hearts beating with affection have not leaned. price. shops.

clothe the naked. evil. amid all the envyings and distractions of showy competition. All their social relations. is in the world. the starry heavens. with however many a mingling shade. to the reliThere is a beauty and glory in Humanity. comfort the sick. and swelling hills. answering. and which it will continue to teach as long as time endures. strangers uninvited.214 each other's wants. and bury the friendless Everywhere God finds and blesses the kindly office. with however gion of nature. amidst the surrounding poverty and squalid misery. in man. tend the plague-stricken with a patient and generous heroism. There is a natural religion of many a broken tone. not by a kind of protest and Men may . is But all is We The still see God There hand of mercy leads wealth to the hovels of poverty and sorrow. feed the hungry. be virtuous. and the loving heart. bitter. and under tattered garments also. friendship. divine spirit breathing in all their lawful affections. If unworthy passions. and much hate and contempt and unkindness everywhere not refuse to see the evil that in the world. and religious in their employments. even poor lost women. to the loveliness of soft landscapes. answering. the pitying thought. self-improving. and sympathy hold good amidst the the long night-watch by the bedside of the suffering neighbor. There are good hearts underneath gay robes. Masonry and its kindred Orders teach men to love each other. they are intruders and not wel- come. enter here. Precisely for that. or selfish. whom God alone loves and pities. There is an element of good in all men's lawful pursuits and a dead. con- tempt. dislike. Devoted men go from city to city to nurse those smitten down by the terri- ble pestilence that renews at intervals its mysterious marches. This is the true religion revealed to the an- cient patriarchs. or revengeful feelings. Truth and simplicity live amid many wiles and sophistries. and the wondrous glory of life. MORALS AND DOGMA. were made to be holy. Love clasps the hand of love. Women well-born and delicately nurtured nursed the wounded soldiers in hospitals. Certainly there are many evils and bad passions. hatred. not We evil. pity. fidelity. before it became fashionable to do so and . The ground on which they tread is holy ground. and not guests. those employments were made. They may be religious. which Masonry has taught for many centuries. the ties of family. love. can- in life.

mysteries. for their field own perfection. their true spirit. the wonderful telegraphic communication between the brain and every part of the body. with a handwriting older and more significant and sublime than all the ancient ruins. They may be religious in all the toils and in all the amusements of life. and even of matter and its forces. its incense the very breath of ever kindled by the brightness of Heaven. Everything within us and without us ought to stir our minds to admiration and wonder. upon the wide immeasurable knows that around it and beyond it lie outstretched and everlasting paths. Bound up with our poor. are connected by ties of thought. the power and action of the will. resistance against their several vocations. it the infinite The power of movement is as mysterious as the power of thought. They may be religious laborers. life its fires reaches outward. Memory. Universal harmony springs from infinite complication. Step where we will. is the mighty thought that spurns the narrow span of all visible existence. religious physicians. creation . hand we lay it upon the locked bosom of mystery. No man can know what of secretion is. the . we tread upon wonders. tell itself secrets No man his can what is its principle of life. and dreams that are the indistinct echoes of dead memories are alike inexplicable. Every leaf and every blade of grass holds within which no human penetration will ever fathom. Every familiar step is more than a story in a land of enchantment. sculptors. poets. and asks for freedom. and musicians. It looks forth from the narrow and grated windows of sense. but by conformity to Those vocations do not exclude religion but de. frail life. the water-worn pebbles on the hills. Both are inscrutable mysteries. We are a mystery encompassed with The connection of mind with matter is a mystery. the clods of the field. with the whole boundless Universe and all the past and coming generations of men.ROYAL ARCH OF SOLOMON. and all the overthrown and buried cities that past genera- power Wherever we place our . mand it. painters. Their life may be a whether in broad earth its altar. in every direction. lawyers. We The humblest object beneath our eye as completely defies our scrutiny as the economy of the most distant star. The momentum of every step we take in our dwelling contributes in part to the order of the Universe. Ever the soul religion. are traced over and over. The sea-sands. the rude masses cf rock. or factory.

fall a distinct contribu. peopled still spreads before us the same tale of winder. and no more. . yet according to a rule of ficed lost . with ages perhaps intervening. . if not according to the full measure of its ill-desert. many-leaved. each event breathing moment . an hour's delay to enter the right path. . or of unhal- . each feeling. The old mythology is but a leaf in that book for it . every future moment of being must answer for every present moment one moment. therefore. even of the best men. that. like our mental character. is forever sacri. every passing hour. shall That which we are doing. bound togther by many natural thoughts and strong ties. every all according to which we ence that goes to form that aggregate. and not something else. are to be judged. the opportunity of unrighteous gain. is not formed in a moment the result of many it is rhe habit of our minds and feelings and efforts. We shall be just as happy hereafter. is to put us back so far. . just as happy as our character prepares us to be. . that all coming the world with spiritual natures . Thus every idle answer in the judgment. If it were not so. or lost to improvement. sacrificed to vice. Our moral. : Whatsoever a man soweth. what we sow. A Mason's great business with life is book of its teaching. grave or gay that which we do to-day and shall do to-morrow each thought. our character. to find that life is not the doing of drudgeries. Every particle of influ- tion to the idle sum hour will give of our joys or woes. will. he reap. \vith a step that never falters nor tires. and no more. experience is to be affected by every present feeling. but the hearing of oracles. have left upon the earth . The law of retribution presses upon every man. as we are pure and upright. : . are contributing to form the character. and with an eye that never sleeps. in that future scrutiny. be sifted out from the mass and. and science. in the everlasting pursuit of happiness and every sin. is to be thus answered for. word and temptation Let us take care. It pursues him through all the courses of life. particle by particle. An evil comes upon us . God's government would not be impartial there would be no discrimination no moral dominion no light shed upon the mysteries of Providence. whether he thinks of it or not. and unbending rectitude and impartiality. The great law of Retribution is. each action. for it is the handwriting of the to read the Almighty. . good or evil.2l6 tions MORALS AND DOGMA.

To-morrow 2IJ in the sphere of business or pleasure. or remorse gathers its shadows around our steps even on earth in the soul all that . thus to answer to the future. nor His justice eluded and forever and ever it will be true. that "Whatsoever a man soweth. ignominy. from that single seed of corruption. often. . Be not deceived God has formed thy nature. and selfish schemings. lest desolation and loneliness be on thy path. memory never sleeps guilt never can become innocence and remorse can never . Loathingly. that sin dies not. be to thee a pang which years will not deprive of its bitterness Break not into the house of innocence. but continue ! ! ! ever to unfold with the ages of eternity. in the fertile soil of kindred vices. pocrisy. to rifle it of its treasure. knavery. or vice. The evil deed may be done in a single moment but conscience never dies. an impious. nor be busy with devices. Beware. and sorrow. we take each downward step but a frightful power urges us onward and the hell of debt. we cover the sin. and bury it Agitated and deep in falsehood and hy- concealed. and elements of God's creating. In the bosom where is horrible in habitual lying. there springs up lies . shall reap.ROYAL ARCH OF SOLOMON. . that also he . . His law can never be abrogated." 15 . which will never spend their force. the moan of its distress may not have died away from thine ear Build not the desolate throne of ambi! ! tion in thy heart. lest when many years have passed over thee. either of society or solitude. whisper peace. thou layest who ! art ! tempted to evil ! Beware what thou in the ! up for the future Beware what thou layest up archives of eternity Wrong not thy neighbor lest the thought of him thou injurest. We it yield. . and circumventings. and are yet but the beginnings of sorrows. as it stretches into the long futurity Live not a useless. lowed indulgence. . or an injurious life for bound up with that life is the immutable principle of an endless retribution. but thrives and grows and other and still other germs of evil gather around the accursed root until. and who suffers by thy act. disease. and plant a seed of it bitterness will threaten discovery. alarmed.

Public opinion is rarely right on any point and there are and always will be important truths to be substituted in that opinion in the place of many errors and absurd and injurious prejudices. There are moral maladies. PERFECT. and more.XIV. except by the individuals and society. . . by upon symbols and . Much of the Masonic secret manifests itself. than of vicious inclinations. without speech . The practical object of Masonry is the physical and moral amelioration and the intellectual and spiritual improvement of Neither can be effected. but also. AND SUBLIME Ma- MASON. . darkly or interposes a cloud between them and eyes that would be dazzled by them. once and briefly or hints them.] is for each individual reflection its Mason to discover the secret of sonry. political. the treatment of which requires not only boldness.. "Seek. There are few truths that public opinion has not at some time hated and persecuted as heresies and few errors that have not at some time seemed to it truths radiant from the immediate presence of God. also. and religious. wise consideration and of what is said and done in the work. 218 . She states them. [Perfect Elu. of man and society. GRAND IT ELECT. It is falsehood in doctrines and fallacy in principles. . dissemination of truth. Masonry does not analysis inculcate her truths. moral. prudence and discretion since they are more the fruit of false and pernicious doctrines." knowledge and the truth. to which most of the miseries of men and the misfortunes of nations are owing. perhaps. and ye shall find.

are some of the duties of a Mason. widows world. eternal. the offering up of self-interest on the altar of humanity. that can endure all the labors of his life with his soul supporting his A good Mason is body. and to let the oppressed go free. warming their hearts with the love of the good. abhor vice. it. "Pure religion and undebefore God and the Father is this. that they shall enlighten each other. one that can look upon death. Masonry labors to improve the social order by enlightening men's minds. ignorance. that can equally despise riches when he hath them and . or be "the more prudent or more advisable but because it is and therefore ought to be done. immutable religion. To make honor and duty the steady beacon-lights that shall guide your life-vessel over the stormy seas of time. and perpetual efforts to attain to all the moral perfection of which man is capable. control their passions. and yet to pity those who err. That Rite raises a corner of the veil. Scottish Rite. not because it will insure you success. and that ye break every yoke?" The ministers of this religion are all Masons who comprehend it and are devoted to it. the sacrifices of the base and disorderly passions. No creed has ever been long-lived that was not built on this foundation. It is the afflicted It is base. such as God planted it in the heart of universal humanity. to him who even partially comprehends all the Degrees in proportion as he receives them and particularly to those who advance to the highest Degrees of the Ancient and Accepted revealing . even in the Degree of Apprentice for it there declares that Masonry is a . and best policy. to visit the fatherless and in their affliction. to undo the heavy burdens. AND SUBLIME MASON. and pity the vicious man as one requiring of its disciples that their ' with a deplorable malady. and vice. filed and they are the superstructure. to labor to reclaim the vicious. inspiring them with the great principle of human fraternity. and language and actions shall conform to that principle. error. worship. to be tolerant even of intolerance. to do that which it is right to do.GRAND ELECT." and to keep himself unspotted from the to loose the "Is not this the fast that I have chosen? bands of wickedness. to war incessantly against right. or gain the applause of men. PERFECT. its sacrifices to God are good works. or bring with it a reward." . intolerance. and see its face with the same countenance with which he hears its story. to teach the ignorant. the universal.

but everything for conscience. its tional device has been. that does nothing for opinion's sake. which. and cheerful to enemies . when he hath them not that is not sadder if they are in his neighnor more lifted up if they shine around about his own walls. yet keeps efits them avariciously and like a miser that weighs not benby weight and number. sive. except . and the practice of all the virtues. Rut it is neither a political party nor a religious sect. do his duty and honor God. and obeys its and desires and endeavors nothing more than that he may laws. Masonry. order. Fraternity. being as careful of his thoughts as of his acting in markets and theatres. em- braces parties fraternal association.220 MORALS AND DOGMA. but one republic. and charitable and apt its to forgive his honor. . political. and compute his months. not in anywise is The whole world derogating from the differing duties which the diversity of states requires. of which each nation is a family. and use them too. bor's exchequer. morality. and it knows nothing that should place one man below another. if a worthy person. but by the zodiac and circle of his virthat loves his country. Equality. discipline. philosophical. . composed of men of many nations and tongues. to form from among them all a vast and man's right It recognizes the dignity of human nature. and subordination to It legitimate authority government and not anarchy. and religious truth. such freedom as he is fitted for. Essentially philanthropic. In every age. his friends. and every individual a child. with equanimity and pleasure. shall all be bound together by the bonds of science. tends to create a new people. law. just as if they were another man's. and in as much awe of himself as of a whole assembly that is bountiful . and of the immortality of the soul . as if they were his own and yet look upon his own. consults tues. nor . and progressive. nor going from him that can look upon another man's lands . and virtue. that neither s r ends his goods prodigally and foolishly. not by the course of the sun. be the receiver. object. philosophical. for its the dissemination of moral. one that is not moved with good fortune coming to him. but by the mind and circumstances of him who confers them that never thinks his charity expen. "Liberty. all and to all sects." with constitugovernment. it has for the basis of its dogma a firm belief in the existence of God and his providence. And such a Mason may reckon his life to be the life of a man.

and Selfish. or communicated is human mind . Now. and should co-operate together to the same end. of each other. PERFECT. philosophical. the symbol. to share each other's pains and sorrows. that is to say. It revives the Academy of Plato. Servility. as well as their joys and pleasures faith . AND SUBLIME MASON. men Therefore it teaches its members to love one another. debasement. retaining it its ancient symbols. to give to each other mutual assistance and support in all the circumstances of life. the Good and the Evil of : which the Good urged men toward Truth. to guard the reputations. and in part cr'vilized ancient ceremonies. 221 ignorance. displays in every in letters of living light its great principles are written and it smiles at the puny efforts of kings and popes diction. and the emblem. the Osiris. matters of and beliefs. brutality. and the Ormuzd. Independence. on which . the insolence of demons wealth. is philanthropic for it recognizes the great truth that all are of the same origin. It is the Hercules. falsehood. and the existence and immortality of the soul. and in be perfectly tolerant of the errors. twin-powers of evil and darkit ness. reigned everywhere and seemed invincible and immortal. the mysteries. and crime. and Devotedness and the Evil toward Ealsehood. When despotism and superstition. slavishness of soul. and transmitted its doctrines by the secret mode its of initiation. It reiterates the maxIt is ims of Pythagoras. to avoid persecution. superstition. whether attained by the exercise of reason. at everlasting and deadly feud with the ness. Masonry represents of ignorance.GRAND ELECT. tyranny. meanness. and bigotry. to crush it out by excommunication and inter- Man's views that truth is in regard to God. intolerance. the allegory. and Zoroaster. have common interests. because it teaches the great Truths concerning the nature and existence of one Supreme Deity. the Good Principle and constantly wars the evil one. country its banner. and the wise teachings of Socrates. will contain only so much posi- tive truth as the capable of receiving. Confucius. The influence of ancients thought that universal humanity acted under the two opposing Principles. respect the opinions. and reverentially enforces the sublime lessons of Him who died upon the Cross. the against Mithras. baseness. It . invented. the Apollo. and the necessity of subordination to lawful will and authority.

Being finite. man most dogmatizes. The living principle of a living Universe must be INFINITE. feelings. Here the philosophic Intellect becomes most painfully aware of its own insufficiency. but to be felt. but by the moral sense. necessarily. but the idea of that infinity and Even Omnipotence cannot infuse infinite . All attempts to embrace the Infinite in the conception of the Finite are. and Thought retreats in conscious weakness. and the spirituality of the spirituality eludes us. classifies and demakes out his map of God's nature. while all our ideas finite. Soul. conceptions into finite minds nor can God. pour a complete and full knowledge of His own nature and attributes into the narrow capacity of a nor human soul. They are not those things or beings themselves. Its God is an incarnate Divinity. to bring it within the competence of finite human intelligence. we can form no clear conception of the Spiritual. The visible is. His His conceptions of other things and other beings are only his conceptions. Shrouded from human com- an obscurity from which a chastened imagination is awed back. It must necessarily be both limited and alloyed. makes out a different map and inventory. we can form no correct or adequate idea of the Infinite being material. impulses. and passions and then hangs and burns his brother. who. by revelation. and conceptions are is The Deity not to be conceived. thus not an object of knowledge. the Divine Nature is a theme on which man is little entitled to dogmatize. and clothes the Inconceivable Spirit of the Universe in forms that come within creation. the grasp of the senses and the intellect. his inventory of God's qualities. The common understanding has no humility. and . invisible. is and are derived from that infinite and imperfect nature which but God's . without first entirely changing the conditions of our being. Im- perfection imposes its own limitations on the Illimitable. We do believe in and know the infinity of Space and Time. and must be only ac- commodations prehension in to the frailty of man. Human human language express it. And yet it is here that scribes God's attributes. knowledge cannot pass beyond the limits of his own being. as dogmatically as he. and applicable only to finite beings. the measure of the The consciousness of the individual reveals itself alone. not to be approached by the understanding. intelligence could not grasp it.222 MORALS AND DOGMA. . but of faith.

yet the amount of error in our views is capable of progressive and perpetual diminution. to conceive of Him as cruel. a vindictive Being.GRAND ELECT. and thus Masonry is a continual struggle toward the light. nor contentedly acquiesce in error. of the nineteenth century after Christ. and have a lower. . and moral excellence. If we acquiesce in any lower one. then he contents himself with that which is false to him. The cher- dogmas of each of us are not. The . Him. God is. ceptions of the nineteenth century before Him if our conceptions of God are those of the ignorant. PERFECT. an angry. conception of God must be proportioned to his mental cultivation. forward in the search for attributes of rance of the True God and it is this Word. this Degree that of Perfection and yet what it teaches is style and defective. as well as false in If lower than he can reach. Perfect truth systems have their are but broken lights of God and He they minds. narrow-minded. and vindictive Israelite then we think worse of God. not attainable anywhere. That which is most injurious is to entertain unworthy conceptions of the nature and to press . but the highest and noblest conception of Him that our minds are capable of forming. as man conceives Him. day. the refracted and fragmentary rays of have fallen upon our . the reflected image of For every man's conception of God cultivation lozver man himself. short-sighted. fact. not the entire. All errors are not equally innocuous. If any one contents himself with image than his intellect is capable of grasping. and intellectual powers. We feel that it is an affront and an . mistaken. as a jealous. Yet we are not to relax in the pursuit imperfect of truth. because one man cannot communicate to another his own conception of Deity since every man's . . our light that little guesses at truth. and more limited view of His nature. though not all equally. he must needs feel it to be false. absolute truth in regard to God. indignity to pricious. that true Masonry symbolizes by ignoword of a Mason is. and cease to be more than they. and this word is Ineffable. And if we. we truth of God but simply our own fondly suppose. we acquiesce in an untruth. adopt the con. is is . The highest view we can form is nearest to the truth. It is our duty always. meaner. than the faculties which He has bestowed are capable of grasping. AND SUDLIME MASON. perfect. his must vary with mental any and mental powers. own Our We though absolute truth is unattainable. the pure special form of error. ca- and unjust. as . 22J We ished are all of us.

many nor consolatory to comprehended by the ignothem. would not be comprehended by. His direct work. and in the remoteness of Past . should He believes that when it is His will that mankind make some discovery. To ter. or Future Eternity. A below the standard attainable by the higher hureligion as pure as the loftiest and most culti- vated human reason could discern. The truest religion would. by superior intellectual power. then this latter is of Deity for nothing can be imagined more excellent than Pie. necessarily be more few. him. as in the symis bols and dogmas in which that idea points. God has made men with differ- ent intellectual capacities and enabled some. and not merely one afar off in the distance of infinite space. to obtain currency and influence with the great mass of mankind. or achieve some pregnant calls into being some intellect of more than ordi- . not so much in spiritual idea religion of the many must incorrect than that of the refined and reflective its The essence as in which lies latent at its forms. nobler. with the great Source of the World of Life and Mathis wonderful corporeal and mental frame. to see and originate truths which are hidden from the mass of men. as taking a watchful and as influenc- ing the hearts and actions of men. and to us the true conception as to place it far man capacities. A perfectly pure faith. if When we examine conceive of a we can loftier. not be embodied. our conceptions of His character. a system of noble theism and lofty morality.224 MORALS AND DOGMA. The Mason regards God as a Moral Governor. Original Creator as a God at hand. glorious. as well as an . must needs be alloyed with such an amount of error . nor guiding and supporting for them. in rant. would find too little preparation for it in the common mind and heart. if it had not borrowed the wings of Error. to the peasant. He conceives of Him and presiding interest in the affairs of the world. but in that which was fittest to convey to a rude and ignorant people the practical essentials of the doctrine. The doctrines of the Bible are often not clothed in the language of strict truth. beneficent. to admit of prompt reception by the masses of mankind and Truth might not have reached us. free from all extraneous admixtures. He believes that . would not be Truth. not so much in the the bottom of it. higher. Religion. What is Truth to the philosopher. nor have the effect of Truth. more magnificent character. He great step forward. the less educated portion of mankind. or effective over. God is and man.

to reveal to men the truths that are wanted. and intellectual to be inspired. The We stars are beautiful as in their prime . as such are needed. but mysteriously-governed Universe. he believes all the pure. age. like God's omnipresence. from time to time. that nature and the course of events shall send men into the world. and on a plan. in his progress toward the realization of his destiny an individual gifted with a glorious intellect. a fine organization. and the amount of truth that can be borne. in the course of ages.GRAND ELECT. . a noble soul. of mankind. or nation. It is limited to no sect. Whatever Hiram really was. endowed with that higher mental and moral organization. and a perfectly balanced moral being an earnest of what humanity may be. in the infancy to be so for the instruction. portion of God's truth. He so arranges. PERFECT. he is the type. 225 nary magnitude and power. and sublime gleams of spiritual light will spontaneously and inevitably arise. . to give birth to new ideas. We hold that God has so ordered matters in this beautiful and harmonious. and grander conceptions of the Truths vital to Humanity. are not born in the dotage and decay of the world. and which must bear fruit in his own bosom. It is wide as the world and common as God. Each man is its subject. as the intellectual endowments. These speak to men by inspiration. and what we believe it will hereafter be in God's good time the . to monopolize inspiration. perhaps an imaginary type. In a true and simple sense. has a duty to perform. and bar God out of the soul. and mankind. the most ancient Heavens . possibility of the race The Mason believes made real. Christians. and elevation of That kind of inspiration. is not limited to the few writers claimed by Jews. which he must proclaim to the world. or Moslems. God is its source. and especially every man of superior capacity. . but is co-extensive with the race. in which grand truths. the moral wealth of the soul. AND SUBLIME MASON. It was not given to a few men. It differs in degrees. and Truth its only test. that one great mind after another will arise. advancement. that God has arranged this glorious but per- plexing world with a purpose. It is the consequence of a faithful use of our faculties. a baptism to be baptized with that every great and good man possesses some . wise. of humanity in its highest phase an exemplar of what man may and should become. and the degree of cultivation of those endowments and faculties differ. a mission to fulfill. to us. He holds that every man sent upon this earth.

mind and his reason and conscience alike unerringly point to virtue as the highest good. a conviction of the beneficence of his Creator and Preserver. there is God. and the destined aim and purpose of man's life. the Hebrew. stamped as sterling by the response they find in every uncorrupted mind. on the deductions of reason and the convictions of instinct and consciousness. Views of and duty. the Moslem. in these deductions of the intellect and convictions of the heart.226 MORALS AND DOGMA. are fresh and strong. the moral and material constitution of the human creature. as formerly is in the hearts of seers prophets. the frame-work and revolutions of the Earth. No soil so holy as the . Wherever a heart beats with love. nor vainly He considers that if there imagine such certainty attainable. a sense of his relation to God. arOund whose altars the Christian. Certain as the open eye drinks in the light. not alone to the great and wise. do the their oracles. Masonry. the mysterious beauties and adaptations of animal existence. and is satis- . the followers of Confucius and Zoroaster. but to every faithful child of God. can assemble as brethren and unite in prayer to the one God who is above all the Baalim. This inspiration is not given to the learned alone. which are written by the finger of God upon the man and on the pages of the book of nature. God is still everywhere in nature. were no written revelation. definite heart of religion enough. and may well be accepted by all. infuse . so fearfully and wonderfully made . the Brahmin. confirmed by the allegiance of the good and wise. commend themselves to Masons of every creed. He can find a sure foundation for his religious belief. he could safely rest the hopes that ani- The Mason does not pretend mate him and the principles that guide him. . wherever Faith and Reason utter and on earth good man's heart nothing is so full of God. to dogmatic certainty. to For reason proves him the existence and which he attributes of instincts feels are the voice God and those spiritual of God in his soul. must needs leave it to each of its Initiates to look for the foundation of his faith and hope to the written For itself it finds those truths scriptures of his own religion. feels Him as a presence within the soul. He studies the wonders of the Heavens. and a hope of future exinto his istence . wrought out by the meditations of the studious. The conscience is the very voice of Deity. pure in heart see God and he who lives truly.

observances. Whose sal we hose merciful dispoconstant presence we live and act. as the originators and forerunners of action universal philanthropy. and generous for them to do unto us. the necessity of self-sacrifice in the discharge of duty humility genuine sincerity. Masonry teaches little about which men can differ. These are truths which every little lower than the angels. we hope and believe. to see Whose is ever at hand to face the highest hope of the pure in heart To the Mason. and we are all brethren. in the far-stretching Universe. and no authority to indorse it and if : . needs no Priest to teach it. no voice from the clouds. just.GRAND ELECT. requiring us to love all men. This much lies open to the most ignorant and busy. fied that 22/ God IS and . AND SUBLIME MASON. to recommend them to our allegiance. its principles of action. their divine origin. God children is . fitted. is our Father in Heaven. or to assure us of injuries . our most humble and patient submission Whose most acceptable worship is a pure and pitying heart and a beneficent life in . and little from to lap his soul in which they can dissent. strengthen His true worshippers to Whom our most fervent love is due. and are. W r but the entrance to a better and Whose wise decrees forbid a man an elyseum of mere indolent content. his its that a Wise and Good Being is the author Heavens above him. and man only a . PERFECT. as fully This as to those who have most leisure and are most learned. and of the government of the thoughts. to make earth indeed a Paradise. full soul. The worthlessness of ceremonial . and the necessity of active virtue the enforcement of purity of heart as the security for purity of life. As to our feelings toward Him and our conduct toward man. to do unto others that and that only which we should think it right. in the glorious firmament. God revealed them to man in the beginning. . reflecting mind will unhesitatingly as not to be surpassed. He is our Father . bursting with unutterable thoughts. if obeyed. . virtue of their inherent rectitude and beauty and have been. is life . of the starry him and . and of the moral world within mind finds an adequate foundation for its hopes. and will be the law in every age and every country of the world. and . worship. and being that which we seem to be all these sublime precepts need no miracle. in the deep. Who . They command obedience by . to are resigned by that death which. forgiveness of . nor capable of improvement and receive. . to be Whose especial the sufficient reward of the peacemakers.

while superintending the march of the great harmonies of the Universe nor that it was not foreseen. from the homeliest and most common. every man did that only which is consistent with it. reer. cruelty. treachery. uncharitableness. believing. which has crushed or maimed to him. cession of its operations pre-ordained. its laws enacted. the best that could be devised for the happiness and . are yet steady. the best possible. glorious. him in its allotted course. awful. even as a victim. is an honor and a recompense. his elaboration and development because they are the necessary results of the operation of laws. as the great cardinal results to which the course of all things would suffer pain tending. He takes this view of Time and Nature and God. He believes that the ordained operations of nature. just. that in the great march of those events. yet so sad a destiny.228 MORALS AND DOGMA. believes also that He governs it by laws. He is then truly . to the noblest and most sublime . because ordained by God. intolerance. . but the best from the very unswerving tranquillity of their cashowered blessings and sunshine upon many another path that the unrelenting chariot of Time. He does not believe that God loses sight of him. he has attained an eminence in virtue. unwavering. selfishness. because it is a portion of a system. revenge. to have contributed to which. eternal designs of the Great Spirit of the Universe. perfidy. and yet bears his lot without murmur or distrust. and beneficent. have. the highamid passive excellence. though wise. purification of the species. inexorable. The true Mason. He finds his reward and his support in the reflection that he is an unreluctant and self-sacrificing co-operator with the Creator of the Universe and in the noble consciousness of being worthy and capable est. sincerely holding that a Supreme God created and governs this world. his strengthening. it would exile barbarity. Thus of so sublime a conception. He believes that his agonies and sorrows are ordained for his chastening. he lieves that his individual well as is and undergo calamity. which humanity can reach. . and the long suc. is pressing onward to the accomplishment of those serene and mighty purposes. which. and to give occasion and opportunity for the practice of all the virtues. He begood entered into God's consideration. which have brought misery that. or perhaps not even adapted to work out the vast. and all their kindred vices and bad passions beyond the confines of the world. when the Universe was created.

Who. If he does not like to live in the furnished lodgings of tradition. the Mason receives it with submission. Selfishness is a sin. for a work that must be done. can choose us to suffer pain. is perfectly good. or for some other persons. Whatever his creed. The Mason. he must build his own house. but by the presence of the power of God. nor that it would not have been so ordered. and not ourselves. of success. and is instinct with a diviner life. He is content to fall early in the battle. and for time. We merely to till the ground or sow the seed for a very distant harvest. than that to than the peace of Eden. and not the hope of reward. and worse than unbelief. and trim his lamp. would not suffer unless it was ordered so. body may but form a stepping-stone for the future conquests of humanity. PERFECT. it does not become Heaven or should toil and die. To complain and lament is to murmur against God's will. In either case. the portion of the .GRAND ELECT. and the peace of Heaven rather if He he believes that a loftier being brings severer does not live by pleasure or content cares. or for some things. whom who knows that man which is linquish all the last reward of long agonies of thought he must reprospect of any Heaven save that of which trouble is . should be our inspiring thought. must cast bealone. prudence. unless either we are ourselves to receive from is is it an antidote to what is evil in ourselves. for himself. or else as such pain a necessary part in the scheme of the Universe. where we have to join our efforts to those of thousands of others. the avenue and portal he must gird up his loins. Perfect. hind him the hope of any other repose or tranquillity. . entitled to be called a 229 Grand Elect. whose mind is cast in a nobler mould than those of the ignorant and unreflecting. celestial The hope Spun out to eternity. which as a whole good. if his and Sublime Mason. and must not be negligently done. he cannot doubt that. or to prepare the way for the future advent of some great amendment. but for Duty. and that He cares for His creatures. It cannot be that God. when temporary. unless it was either better for himself. Our object. the amount which each one contributes to the achievement of ultimate success. In the more frequent cases. God is. should be our stimulating and sustaining power. to contribute to the carrying forward not for of a great cause . AND SUBLIME MASON. who loves truth more than rest. we are certain. his own system of faith and thought. Bliss.

as well as sedulously cherish the convic- tion. that as effort thrown away. which justice should assign to each as his especial producnever be accurately ascertained. rejoicing falls. and unselfish cause. that no seed planted in the to quicken in due time and measure . nowise deserve that honorable title. or the anticipated good flow from it.230 price MORALS AND DOGMA. but whether. though not by man and he whose zeal is deep and earnest. that Faith. combats because still it ought to combat. there is One. Stables of the World. the Mason must labor to elevate his motives. No good work is done wholly will in in The Grand Elect. to bring about some political or social change. that self-sustaining energy not that strength. if . that all sincere exertion. Who has not seen every exertion we have made. in a degree appreciable by God. Perfect. can who have ever labored. discouraged. in spite of all priate and is necessarily to the contrary. be apt to doubt. Many will doubt. lived change effected. not only whether our cause will triumph. evil. if it does. in a righteous followed. that feeds upon no earthly its hope. nor ever thinks of victory. cease all active effort. waters can be wholly fail lost . Perhaps few of those tion. in the patience of secrecy and silence. that will. the accumulated uncleanness and misery of centuries. rejoicing fights. . and Sublime Mason he has. in truth. in moments of despondency. and. Fewer still of them were able to pronounce what appreciable weight their several efforts contributed to the achievement of the change desired. but. assuredly a true one. whether. require a mighty river to cleanse them thoroughly away every drop we contribute aids to swell that river and augment its force. will . but Who can assign only the exact degree in which each soldier has assisted to gain the have contributed to great victory over social vain. ground can however we may. that in m this all world there is is no such thing labor there profit. The Augean not be over-anxious that his individual drops should be distinguishable amid the mighty mass of cleansing and fertilizing wa- . we shall its triumph. which they felt con- to see the vinced would ultimately prove of vast service to humanity. and that. content in own consumand mation. Not and purify to be thus discouraged. by an approappearance proportionate success that no bread cast upon the . these exertions have any influence whatever.

must be morbid. symbol of duty. macerate the weakness and disorder. if attained. and worthy of a shall more excellent reward. AND SUBLIME MASON. therefore. It is the beginning of our immortality. sufficient. and which. that those most decidedly given to spiritual contemplation. ters. even if it be his sole.GRAND ELECT. for that demands feelings which are unnatural. It Perfect. and ordained the amends which are one day to be theirs. that the consciousness of nitely small concern so contributed. deeming them hopeless. It is a sad truth. He who industriously sows and reaps is a good But he who sows that which laborer. inscribed with the divine name of God. in any good cause. with purity of purpose. in the miseries of earth. and to making religion rule in their hearts. is the brilliant and never-dying light that shines within and through the symbolic pedestal of alabaster. Life is real. for the sake of distinction. . and it is full of duties to be performed. It is a duty. and if merely professed. and worthy of his hire. . It suffices him to know that if he has labored. easily acquiesce and console themselves with the idea of befitting. and hostile to political and social reform. are often most apathetic toward all improvement of this world's systems. is a laborer of a nobler order. than to this life for their cure and so does injury to the cause of virtue and to that of social progress. that the degree in which he has contributed is a matter of infiand still more. others to an ascetic undervaluing and unworthy portion of existence. it 231 should flow in ineffective singleness away. and teaches us to look rather to a future life for the compensation of social evils. and in many cases virtual conservatives of evil. by those who will know not of and care not for the sower. on which reposes the inscribed . and Sublime Mason cherish this faith. reward. be careful that his The true Mason will not name should be upon the mite which he casts into the treasury of God. perfect cube of agate. as diverting men's energies from eternity. however obscurely and unnoticed. be reaped by others. and is earnest. The Mason does not exhort as an insignificant . Those only who feel a deep interest and affection for this world will work resolutely for its amelioration those whose affections are transferred to Heaven. and disparage what he sees to be . The Mason does not war with body into his own instincts. PERFECT. of this life. far less that. he must have contributed to its success. . is h: having Let every Grand Elect. insincere.

rightful. but a composite being. They occupy much of his leisure and as he becomes familiar \vith the sorrows and calamities of this life. God meant it to be commanded and controlled. after present life. but not neglected. beautiful. He knows that man is sent into the world. will come in the next stage of his being. when he puts on the spirbody that his body will be dropped at death and that. and purification of his fellow-men. He does not put aside the nature which God has given him. and to the public service of his The Mason does not dogmatize. allotted share. is He does not deny in bold guided by a full recognition of this words. sequences. and the bereaved. and admit it in weak- He believes that his spirituality nesses and inevitable failings. and to preparation for a better to the cultivation . his own character. the weary. made up of body and mind. knows to be wonderful. as is fit and fact. den of his years weighs heavy on him. and the most ennobling and refining contemplation. the balance of attraction gradually inclines in favor of another life. not a spiritual. so as to give the proper proportions thereof to performing the duties and entering into the interests of this world. and the character of the scenes in which that being will be fully developed. when life has wearied him in its happiness here fade away race of hours.232 MORALS AND DOGMA. the contemplation of the Future lets in light upon the Present. the body having. its full. he leaves every one else free to do the same . or ignored by the soul. and needful His life it in a material world. . They are the consoling privilege of the aspiring. until then. as to its continued and eternal being. He en- To him deavors rightly to adjust the respective claims of Heaven and earth upon his time and thought. even if after the lapse of . but entertaining and uttering own convictions. and feels to be unspeakably dear and fascinating. the wayworn. as his hopes are disappointed and his visions of . to struggle after one which He has not bestowed. These are to him topics of the profoundest interest. and develops the higher portions of his nature. under pain of heavy conitual . and the bur. and will listen to no prohibition. and only hopes that the time will come. and he clings to his lofty speculations with a tenacity of interest which needs no injunction. despised. Yet the Mason its is not indifferent as to the fate of the soul. when he is harassed and toil-worn.

churches. and seven in the other. Believe as you may. or the Sun. the title of Grand Elect. . Thebes also had Seven gates. and Sublime Mason. on the summit of Mount Albordi. Sephiroth. Titans. Hu. until they reached the summit of the whole : and this passage was styled a transmigration through the spheres. Celsus. and if man is not like the beast that perishes. sons of Sydyk Seven primeval Corybantes Celestial spirits of the Japanese. that twelve was the number of the Apostles of Christ. as we wear. the law of love. we welcome you among us. on the Seven steps of which were Seven gates or portals. Perfect. Through these the aspirants passed. and at Ecbatana Seven concentric inclosures. according to the number of the Seven principal heavenly bodies. built the walls of Tiryus. each of a different color. and the same number that addressed his rebukes The repeated again and again in the account of the flood. tells us that the Persians repre- sented by symbols the two-fold motion of the stars. PERFECT. what he denominates a high ladder. and the passage of the Soul through their successive rites spheres. in which the mystic of the Mithriac Initiations were practised. with humility. They erected in their holy caves. also. Seven Amschaspands or planetary spirits were invoked with is Ormuzd Seven inferior Rishis of Hindustan were saved with the head of their family in an ark: and Seven ancient personages alone returned with the British just man. and Seven Karfesters who escaped from the deluge and began to be the parents of a new Seven Cyclopes. ten in number. fixed and planetary. ages. children of the older Titan. without a God. my brother. a pyramid stories.GRAND ELECT. as quoted by Origen. . of Seven Babylon were the Seven Stages of Bersippa. It was not without a secret meaning. Kronos or Saturn Seven and Seven Cabiri. to you. from the dale of : the grievous waters. repeat the mystic numbers of Pythagoras. and scvcnty-tivo that of his Disciples : and menaces to the Seven John At the number of the Archangels and the Planets. three in one class. or Emanations. There were Seven Heliadse. 233 when all men shall form one great family of brethren. shall govern God's whole Universe. once crossed the sea in a golden cup Seven . whose father Helias. AND SUBLIME MASON. and one law alone. . and conscious of your demerits and short- comings. 16 . if the Universe is not. but hath an immortal soul. race. to wear.

of pyramidal shape. elevated. nbbn Salalah. declaring Himself to be Ihuh-Alhi Abraham. means a heap. An ancient pagoda at Deogur was surmounted by a tower. These were the "High Places" so often mentioned in the Hebrew books. and thrown up steps or the pyramids and artificial tumuli and hillocks in flat countries were imitations of this fabulous and all mystic mountain. and the Malaki Alohim ascending and descending. surmounted by a temple as the seventh. raised. a pyramid. is a rock or cliff or boulder. Salaa or Sato. Every temple was . amid. which itself was habitually called the Temple and habitation of Deity. artificially made. Jacob saw in his dream a ladder planted or set on the earth.MORALS AND DOGMA. and the name the city of Petra. reared up. Aggeravit. and thus a symbol of the Trimurti. exalted. The great Pagoda at Tan j ore was of six stories. through each of which doors the aspirant passed. Each Mithriac cave and all the most ancient temples we're intended to symbolize the Universe. and successively diminishing in size from the bottom to the top and Strabo tells us it was a pyrSeven stages. on which the idolaters sacrificed to foreign gods. and above it stood IHUH. is C-^D Salam. The sacred Babylonian tower [^13D. piled up into a heap. Salal. to reach the summit. representing the Seven planetary spheres by the appropriate color of each planet. was an artificial hill. Meru itself was said to be a single mountain. Faber thinks that the Mithriac ladder was really a pyramid with Seven stages. Herodotus tells us that the Temple of Bal at Babylon was a tower composed of Seven towers. The pyramids were sometimes square. and on this three spires or towers. There is no ancient Hebrew word to designate The symbolic mountain Meru was ascended by Seven stages . . terminating in three peaks. built of brick.on it. and of ]jbn. or other accumulation of earth or stone. and sometimes round. rampart. the ascent and descent of the Soul being thus represented. and and each stage of a different color. sustaining the mystic egg and a trident. resting on an eighth that served as basis. and then descended through similar doors on the opposite side of the pyramid . for purposes of worship. Magdol]. The word translated ladder. each provided with a narrow door or aperture. and its top reaching to Heaven. from ^>D. dedicated to the great Father Bal.

adopted by the Templars. and in trines of and they are especially the circular Chapters of the Druids consecrated in that mysterious book. connect their dogma with the Chaldaic. The Symbola Architectonica are found on the most ancient edifices and these mathematical figures and instruments. and of Tukhti Schlomoh in Tartary. deemed by many the Temple of the Deity world and Heraclitus declared that the Universe. numbers were preserved by the monks of Thibet. Whatever number of the pillars. but also. All temples were originally open at the top. All temples were surrounded by pillars. and shows the meanings of the whole. John. On each side of the temple at Psestum were fourteen. and yet more. at Jerusalem. At Abury. . the Druidic temple reproduced all the cycles by its columns. variewith animals and plants and stars was the only genuine gated Temple of Temple of Solomon was symbolic. recording the Egyptian cycle of the dark and light sides . The secret Pythagorean docEgyptian Oriental philosophy. cent on the express ground that the whole world was the MagnifiTemple and Habitation of the Supreme Deity. only the sacred numbers and of astrological symbols in the historical descriptions of it. the world in miniature . seen by the Ezechiel in his The Apocalypse completes kabalistic demonstration. the Persians. Cicero says that Xerxes burned the Grecian tem. and Scythians strongly disliked artificial covered edifices. and identical with those on the gnostic seals and abraxae. on the frontier of China. Plato pronounced the real to be the . the Apocalypse of Saint . stood forty pillars. they were mystical everywhere. the Twelve pillars described the belt of the zodiac. by the Hierophants of Egypt and Eleusis. having for roof the sky. Around the temples of Chilminar in Persia. Celts. and . of Raalbec. AND SUBLIME MASON. Syriac.GRAND ELECT. PERFECT. from the denot tails How the Divinity. recording the number of the constellations. the signs of the zodiac. reconstructed edifice. having for roof or ceiling the starred vault of Heaven. completely the of the imaginary vision. is from the continual reproduction in it of manifest. or the cycles of the planets and each was a microcosm or symbol of the Universe. 235 temple. Macrobius says that the entire Universe was judiciously Temple of God. The most ancient temples were roofless and so the whole world was one grand and therefore ples.

. the whole thirty-eight them recording the two meteoric cycles so often of the that surrounded Druidic temples.-'36 MORALS AND DOGMA. moon. found in the The . and that at lona in Scotland. theatre built by Scaurus. as described by Plutarch. by 360 stones. in Greece. was surrounded by 360 columns the Temple at Mecca.

MORALS AND DOGMA. . CHAPTER OF ROSE CROIX.

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upon gory. and the supine indifference of The the world. who engages in any great work of reform or beneficence. is symbolical. KNIGHT OF THE EAST OR OF THE SWORD. that men are essentially careless. fanaticism. with a steady free breeze. superstition. Tn the roar and crush and hurry of life and business. like all others in historical truth Masonry. of the Sword. and dead . calms. The first lesson which one learns. it is still an alleis The leading lesson of this Degree and Constancy and Perseverance under agement. upon a smooth sea. Based and authentic tradition. lukewarm. or of the Eagle. against ignorance. baffling winds.XV. and the tumult and uproar of politics. and error.] THIS Degree. does not sail with the trade-winds. uncharitableness. Fidelity to obligation. intoler- She ance. is. fair for a welcoming harbor but meets and must overcome many opposing currents. and indifferent as to everything that does not concern their own personal and immediate 23? . [Knight of the East. difficulties and discour- Masonry is engaged in her crusade. the quiet voice of Masonry is unheard and unheeded. chief obstacles to her success are the apathy and faithlessness of her own selfish children.

struggling toward perfec- owing. : . of his own all. as they are now. There were ravens croaking ill omen. There . as to them. who to the stress of the current. and improve the world. who imagines that he can inwith his own enthusiasm the multitude that eddies around spire 'him. often they beat him back and baffle him. or perhaps prognosticating failure. success is uncertain. He who is like endeavors to serve. Most men yield a swimmer. and not to the united efforts of works of man. remote. strong heart and vigorous arms struggle on toward ultimate success. and a great who opposed or looked coldly on it. grievously mistaken and most often the conviction mistake is followed by discouragement and disgust. that disbelieve in the capability of man to improve. success all. different were prophets of evil and misfortune the lukewarm and the inand the apathetic those who stood by and. It is MORALS AND DOGMA. that are not disposed to toil and labor for the interest and well-being of general humanity that expect others to do all. that all the great men. and they were as abundant then . and whenever to us. our ancient brethren persevered. and around which the river whirls and eddies the Masons that doubt and hesitate and are discouraged swept over the rapids . claim work done. The enthusiast. and float with it to the shore. The world is made up of such. even of that which they do not oppose or ridicule. is versal lot of the benefactor of his kind. rested firmly on the bottom. is . There were many such at the rebuilding of the Temple. It is the motionless and stationary that most frets and impedes the current of progress the solid rock or stupid dead tree. or are and only here and there the stout. are co-workers. with lukewarmness within and bitter opposition without. is the common and almost uniobstacles to pay all.238 welfare. To do and then. But gloomy and discouraging as was the prospect. to see those and reap all the praise and reward. to single many. to benefit. while they sit. when despite all accomplished. . in a river lashed into angry waves by the winds. and . sneered and those who thought they did God service enough if they now and then faintly applauded. Often they roar over his head. and to suffer and hindrances. Let us leave them engaged in the good work. or even the few who have associated themselves with him as tion. applauding and doing nothing. and murmurers who preached the folly and futility of the attempt. . struggles against a rapid current.

Without a belief in Him. ignorant. without attraction. even the minutest. its life is miserable. so exactly balanced. the charm lost. so moulded. love for the pure. rest. the Universe disrobed of broken. And one of those laws. and happiness. the great hope of being its sphere. such as interest is expressed in the title Father. and the Trowel in the other Masonry teaches that God is a Paternal Being. and design are virtue. that. that He has pity for the erring. the waves of the angry sea turn back from its shores and cease to thunder upon the beach. and guilty desires. poor. that take place in the universe of worlds and the eternal succession of ages. so exquisitely proportioned in every part. necessity. and promises of immortal life for those who trust in and obey Him. an emanation from His spirit. or end. which God did not forever foresee. the world is dark. the stars to halt in their swift courses. with the Sword in one hand. pardon for the guilty. that sin introduced into it is misery that vicious thoughts . that. wanders through the infinite desert of tendency. that the only question for us to . with all the distinctness of immediate vision. It teaches that the soul of . Work on. so fashioned. and speaking through every nerve . ask. combining all. like a star struck from splendors. the dwellers in Heavto all . fall its upon it like drops of poison . destiny. unknown enly worlds. and fashioned in every by infinite skill. and not for vice make . what does duty require and not what will be the result and our reward if we do our duty. contingent. not one. an the systems of Paganism. and unworthy. like all the other forces of nature. deadly as those of pesthe body.KNIGHT OF THE EAST OR OF THE SWORD. its conceptions. Masonry there is teaches. It is so formed. built up in its man is formed by Him for a purproportions. its nature. terest in his creatures. as its end. but in us. and has an in! men and Masons. breathing on delicate fibres. pose part. and the mind. the Sons of Light. so that man's free will should be His instrument. knowledge for the humble. It is made for virtue. uttered by God's voice. tilence upon plague-spots there. untaught in all the theories of philosophy an interest not only in the glorious beings of other spheres. of all the events and actions. the intellectual tie to nature of existence dissolved. as true let 239 us still remember is. for purity. than to change any one law of our own nature. Not more vainly would we attempt to make the mountain sink to the level of the valley.

and that what He does is right. God's love takes care for all. the light. we then know that the counsels of infinite love. joy. and imperfection. that we must govern our unruly pas- and hold in hand our sensual appetites. is that we must be upright and virtuous that if and . We T must pass through the darkness. provides for all. Then we shall see. the . sin. all . It watches over all. in every for age. sorrow. All is Through the good and well and right and shall be so eternal ages the light of God's beneficence . that deserve reward. The cloud will be lifted up. makes wise adaptations for love of . to reach . to advance. rewarding what now we can only . the changes of life. resist . for infancy. but it is part of the great firm law of harmony that binds the Universe together not the mere enactment of arbitrary will : . disclosing all all. And this is hot the dictate of an arbitrary will. tempted we must sions. . . of the moral constitution He has given us. are all spread before us. the works of creation. every force and element. and to improve which could not happen unless we had commenced with error. and the full light shine forever the light of which that of the Lodge is a symbol. like itself. God is working to issues. for maturity. and that which made our heart ache shall fill us with gladness. the gate of mystery be passed. as the dispensations and This known. shall shine hereafter. as here. is that it is too glorious for us to understand. the destinies of eternity. Then that which caused us trial shall believe. weakness.240 MORALS AND DOGMA. for childhood scene of this or another world for want. and we shall then feel that there. only true happiness is to learn. nor of some stern and impracticable law. We know that God is good. consummating all. ignorance. but the dictate of Infinite Wisdom. yield us triumph . and even for forever. This known. fibre. and nothing is neglected. beyond all thought and imagination good and glorious and that the only reason why we do not understand it.

to soothe dislikes and soften prejudices. Charity. or in the city's swarming streets there is God's House and the New Jerusalem. To establish all over the world it WE the is New Law to build that Temple. But their duties still remain substantially the same. No longer needing to repair to Jerusalem to worship. and Reign of Love. and worship God with a devout gratitude. PRINCE OF JERUSALEM. and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in his heart. Justice and Equity their characteristics. to restore amity and reconcile disputes and heal dispeace. most acceptable to God. man may make the woods and mountains his Churches and Temples. . in erecting which Masonry is now engaged. and they know that the Their emblems have been already explained. and show mercy and compassion every man to his brother. and the "Execute true judgment. They are part of learned Still it Masonry the same now as from the Egyptian Hierophants. Oppress not the widow nor the fatherless. trees. in the open. the language of duties . To sensions. Wherever the humble and contrite heart silently offers up its adoration. Speak ye every man the truth 241 . hill-side. under the overarching The Princes of Jerusalem no longer sit as magistrates to judge between the people nor is their number limited to five. in .XVI. and symbols are still retain their old significance. when the Temple was book of the law again opened to : the spirit of the Divine law. level meadows. no longer expect to rebuild the Temple at Jerusalem. as is every upright heart. are their peculiar peacemakers are blessed. To us the whole world is God's us Temple. the stranger nor the poor . on the the glen. Peace. and with works of charity and beneficence to his fellow-mer. and their insignia . To has become but a symbol. nor to offer up sacrifices and shed blood to prop* tiate the Deity. as thus enunciated rebuilt. it was when Moses we observe our ancient brethren. and Toleration.

serene and bright morning. of expectation." Forget not these precepts of the old Law and especially do not forget. of the spiritual life in us. . the evening hearth all these. and us in every bright ray and glad thought. nor the churl bountiful. The idle watch-hand cften points to something and the shadow of the gnomon on the dial often falls 7 upon the conscience. "Let those who have power in judgment. and a covert from the tempest as rivers of water as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land. as you advance.242 MORALS AND DOGMA. execute the judgment of Truth and Peace in your gates and love no false oath . the holy eventide. for all these I hate. is both noble and ennobling. shake from your hands justice shall be peace. and are conducting that life to : good or within us evil. when rightly understood. . and wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of the times. your brother. The Everything around us is. and not to be deemed a disgrace or a misiortune. . as it were. and the laboring man your peer that all Masonry is work. its still and sober hour the sultry noontide and the stern and solemn . and your place . its visit call for His mercies gratitude and content . and again gives us existence. from the wind. touch by turns the springi. the hushed silence. nor shut your eyes that you may not see the crimes of the great and you shall dwell on high. let him that rule in righteousness. in a dry place . when we recover our conscious existence from the embraces of sleep. and intended to develop man's mo'a! and spiritual nature. and that the trowel ! Remember always an emblem of the is Degrees in this Council. Labor. work stop not your ears against the cries of the oppressed. saith the . that every Mason. that unbars our gates. its lengthening shadows. midnight and Spring-time. quiet and the and security. And . and carries us forth amidst the everrenewed wonders of the world and Winter. is . and the silence of that early dawn. cooling breeze. Walk ye righteously and speak uprightly despise the gains of oppression. . however humble. and Princes is a judge be as an hiding-place Then the vile person shall no more be ~>f called liberal. . . in its bearings and influences. as they pass. from that image of Death God calls us to a new life. moral. its falling shades. Lord. to his neighbor. and chastening Autumn and Summer. and the effect of justice. the contamination of bribes of defence be like munitions of rocks. when. that gathers us around .

PRINCE OF JERUSALEM.

43

A

life

of labor

is

Almighty has not cast man's

not a state of inferiority or degradation. The lot beneath the quiet shades, and
lovely
rise
hills,

amid glad groves and
nothing to do but to He has ordained that
life,

with no task to perform
eat,

;

with
rest.

up and
shall

and

to

lie

down and

Work

be done, in

all

the dwellings of

in every productive field, in' every

busy

city,

and on every

wave of every

ocean.

pleased Him to give indolent repose and irresponsible profitless indulgence and because, for developing the energies of such a nature, work was the necessary and proper element. might as well ask why He
;

And this He has done, because it has man a nature destined to higher ends than

We

could not

make two and two be

six, as

why He

could not develop

these energies without the instrumentality of work.

They

are

equally impossibilities.

Masonry teaches, as a great Truth a great moral landthat ought to guide the course of all mankind. It teaches mark, is all spiritual, its toiling children that the scene of their daily life
This,
;

that the very implements of their toil, the fabrics they weave, the merchandise they barter, are designed for spiritual ends that so
;

believing, their daily lot

relaxation, improvement. our church-going, and our book-reading, are especially designed to prepare our minds for the action of Life. We are to hear and read

may be to them a sphere for That which we do in our intervals of

the noblest

and meditate, that we may act well and the action of Life is itself the great field for spiritual improvement. There is no task of industry or business, in field or forest, on the wharf or the ship's
;

is

deck, in the office or the exchange, but has spiritual ends. There no care or cross of our daily labor, but was especially ordained

to nurture in us patience, calmness, resolution, perseverance, gentleness, disinterestedness, magnanimity. Nor is there any tool or

implement of
tality.

toil,

but

is

a part of the great spiritual instrumen-

All the relations of
friend,

life,

those of parent, child, brother,

sister,

and beloved, husband, wife, are moral, every living tie and thrilling nerve that bind them throughout together. They cannot subsist a day nor an hour without putting the mind to a trial of its truth, fidelity, forbearance, and disinterassociate, lover

estedness.

A

great city

is

one extended scene of moral action.
it

There

is

no blow struck

in

but has a purpose, ultimately good or bad,

244

MORALS AND DOGMA.

and therefore moral. There is no action performed, but has a motive; and motives are the special jurisdiction of morality. Equipages, houses, and furniture are symbols of what is moral,

and they

in

a thousand ways minister to right or

wrong

feeling.

Everything that belongs to us, ministering to our comfort or luxury, awakens in us emotions oT pride or gratitude, of selfishness
or vanity; thoughts of self-indulgence, or merciful remembrances of the needy and the destitute.

Everything acts upon and influences sympathy and harmony is potent and
gravitation. blood ; a noise

us.

inflexible as

God's great law of His law of

A

made by

sentence embodying a noble thought stirs our a child frets and exasperates us, and influ-

ences our actions.

A world of spiritual objects, influences, and relations lies around us all. We all vaguely deem to be so but he only lives a
it
;

charmed life, like that of genius and poetic inspiration, who communes with the spiritual scene around him, hears the voice of the spirit in every sound, sees its signs in every passing form of things, and feels its impulse in all action, passion, and being. Very near to us lie the mines of wisdom unsuspected they lie all around us. There is a secret in the simplest things, a wonder in the plainest, a charm in the dullest.
;

are all naturally seekers of wonders. travel far to see the majesty of old ruins, the venerable forms of the hoary mounAnd yet the worldtains, great water-falls, and galleries of art.
is all around us the wonder of setting suns, and evening of the magic spring-time, the blossoming of the trees, the stars, strange transformations of the moth the wonder of the Infinite
;

We

We

wonder

;

Divinity and of -His boundless revelation. There is no splendor beyond that which sets its morning throne in the golden East no
;

dome sublime

as that of

Heaven no beauty
;
;

so fair as that of the

verdant, blossoming earth no place, however invested with the sanctities of old time, like that home which is hushed and folded

within the embrace of the humblest wall and roof.

And
higher.

all

All

these are but the symbols of things far greater and is but the clothing of the spirit. In this vesture of
:

time

is

wrapped the immortal nature

in this

show of circum-

stance and form stands revealed the stupendous reality. Let man but be, as he is, a living soul, communing with himself and with

PRINCE OF JERUSALEM.
God, and his vision becomes eternity home, the bosom of all-embracing love.
his

245
abode, infinity
his

;

;

The
abodes

great problem of Humanity is wrought out in the humblest no more than this is done in the highest. human heart
;

A

throbs beneath the beggar's gabardine with its beating the Prince's mantle.

;

and that and no more

stirs

The beauty of Love, the charm of Friendship, the sacredness of Sorrow, the heroism of Patience, the noble Self-sacrifice, these and their like, alone, make
;

life to be life indeed, and are its grandeur and its power. They are the priceless treasures and glory of humanity and they are not things of condition. All places and all scenes are alike clothed with the grandeur and charm of virtues such as these.

The
of our

million occasions will
life,

come

to us

all, in

the ordinary paths

our homes, and by our firesides, wherein we may act as nobly, as if, all our life long, we led armies, sat in senates, or visited beds of sickness and pain. Varying every hour, the million occasions will come in which we may restrain our pasin

sions,

own

interest for another's advantage, speak

subdue our hearts to gentleness and patience, resign our words of kindness and

wisdom, raise the fallen, cheer the fainting and sick in spirit, and soften and assuage the weariness and bitterness of their mortal lot. To every Mason there will be opportunity enough for these. They
cannot be written on his tomb
;

but they will be written deep in
all

the hearts of men, of friends, of children, of kindred

around

him, in the book of the great account, and, in their eternal influences, on the great pages of the Universe.

To

such a destiny, at
let

least,
all

my

Brethren,

let

us

all

aspire

!

These

laws of Masonry

us

strive to

obey
!

!

become true temples of the Living God our zeal, sustain our hopes, and assure us of success

And so may our hearts And may He encourage
!

XVII.

KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST.
THIS is the first of the Philosophical Degrees of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite and the beginning of a course of instruction which will fully unveil to you the heart and inner mysteries of Masonry. Do not despair because you have often seemed
;

on the point of attaining the inmost light, and have as often been In all time, truth has been hidden under symbols, disappointed.

and often under a succession of allegories where veil after veil had to be penetrated before the true Light was reached, and the essential truth stood revealed. The Human Light is but an im:

perfect reflection of a ray of the Infinite and Divine. are about to approach those ancient Religions

We

which once

246

KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST.

247

ruled the minds of men, and whose ruins encumber the plains of the great Past, as the broken columns of and Tadmor lie Palmyra

bleaching on the sands of the desert.

They

rise

before us, those

old, strange, mysterious creeds and faiths, shrouded in the mists 01 antiquity, and stalk the line which dimly and undefined

along

Eternity and forms of strange, wild, startling beauty mingle in the vast throng of figures with shaoes monstrous, grotesque, and hideous.
;

divides

Time from

The religion taught by Moses, which, like the laws of Egypt, enunciated the principle of exclusion, borrowed, at every period of its existence, from all the creeds with which it came in contact.
While, by the studies of the learned and wise, it enriched itself with the most admirable principles of the religions of Egypt and
it was changed, in the wanderings of the People, by everything that was most impure or seductive in the pagan manners r.nd superstitions. It was one thing in the times of Moses and

Asia,

Aaron, another in those of David and Solomon, and in those of Daniel and Philo.

still

another

At

the time

when John

the Baptist

made
all

his

appearance in the

desert, near the shores of the Dead Sea,
::nd religious

the old philosophical

systems were approximating toward each other.

A

minds of all toward the quietude of of doctrines for which the expeditions of Alexthat amalgamation ander and the more peaceful occurrences that followed, with the establishment in Asia and Africa of many Grecian dynasties and a great number of Grecian colonies, had prepared the way. After
general lassitude inclined the
the intermingling of different nations, which resulted from the wars of Alexander in three-quarters of the globe, the doctrines of Greece, of Egypt, of Persia, and of India, met and intermingled everywhere. All the barriers that had formerly kept the nations
apart,

and while the People of the West connected their faith with those of the East, those of the readily Orient hastened to learn the traditions of Rome and the legends

were thrown down

;

of Athens.

While the Philosophers of Greece, all (except the disor less Platonists, seized eagerly upon the ciples of Epicurus) more the Jews and Egyptians, beof the East, beliefs and doctrines
fore then the

most exclusive of

all

peoples, yielded to that eclecti-

cism which prevailed

among

their masters, the
toleration,

Greeks and Romans.
even those

Under
17

the

same influences of

who em-

braced Christianity, mingled together the old and the new, Chris-

248
tianity

MORALS AND DOGMA.
and Philosophy, the Apostolic teachings and the traditions The man of intellect, devotee of one system,
it

of

Mythology.

The people take Accordingly, the distinction between the esoteric and the exoteric doctrine, immemorial in other
rarely displaces

with another

in all its purity.

such a creed as

is

offered them.

creeds, easily gained a foothold among many of the Christians and it was held by a vast number, even during the preaching of Paul, that the writings of the Apostles were incomplete that they
; ;

contained only the germs of another doctrine, which must receive from the hands of philosophy, not only the systematic arrangement wh'ich was wanting, but all the development which lay concealed

The writings of the Apostles, they said, in addressing themselves to mankind in general, enunciated only the articles cf the vulgar faith; but transmitted the mysteries of knowledge to
therein.

superior minds, to the Elect, mysteries handed down from generation to generation in esoteric traditions and to this science of
;

the mysteries they gave the

name

of

FVcocn.?

[Gnosis].

The Gnostics derived

their leading doctrines

and ideas from

Plato and Philo, the Zend-avesta and the Kabalah, and the Sacred books of India and Egypt and thus introduced into the bosom
;

of Christianity the cosmological and theosophical speculations, which had formed the larger portion of the ancient religions of the Orient, joined to those of the Egyptian, Greek, and Jewish doctrines, which the Neo-Platonists had equally adopted in the Occident.

Emanation from the Deity of all spiritual beings, progressive degeneration of these beings from emanation to emanation, redemption and return of all to the purity of the Creator and,
;

after the re-establishment of the primitive

harmony of all, a fortunate and truly divine condition of all, in the bosom of God such were the fundamental teachings of Gnosticism. The genius
;

of the Orient, with
dictated
its

its

contemplations, irradiations, and intuitions,
Its

doctrines.

language corresponded to

its

origin.

Full of imagery, it had all the magnificence, the inconsistencies, and the mobility of the figurative style. Behold, it said, the light, which emanates from an immense

do the
all

centre of Light, that spreads everywhere its benevolent rays so spirits of Light emanate from the Divine Light. Behold,
;

Earth

the springs which nourish, embellish, fertilize, and purify the they emanate from one and the same ocean so from the
;
;

KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST.
bosom of
fill

249

the Divinity emanate so many streams, which form and universe of intelligences. Behold numbers, which all the

emanate from one primitive number, all resemble it, all are composed of its essence, and still vary infinitely and utterances, decomposable into so many syllables and elements, all contained in the primitive Word, and still infinitely various so the world of Intelligences emanated from a Primary Intelligence, and they all resemble it, and yet display an infinite variety of existences.
;
;

It

revived and combined the old doctrines of the Orient and the

Occident; and

it found in many passages of the Gospels and the Pastoral letters, a warrant for doing so. Christ himself spoke in

parables and allegories, John borrowed the enigmatical language of the Platonists, and Paul often indulged in incomprehensible
rhapsodies, the
tiates alone.
It is admitted that the cradle of Gnosticism is probably to be looked for in Syria, and even in Palestine. Most of its expounders wrote in that corrupted form of the Greek used by the Hellenistic

meaning

of which could have been clear to the Ini-

Jews, and in the Septuagint and the New Testament and there was a striking analogy between their doctrines and those of the
;

Judaeo-Egyptian Philo, of Alexandria itself the seat of three the Greek, the Egypschools, at once philosophic and religious
;

and the Jewish. Pythagoras and Plato, the most mystical of the Grecian Philosophers (the latter heir to the doctrines of the former), and who had travelled, the latter in Egypt, and the former in Phoenicia,
tian,

and Persia, also taught the esoteric doctrine and the distincinitiated and the profane. The dominant doctrines of Platonism were found in Gnosticism. Emanation of Intelligences from the bosom of the Deity; the going astray in error and the sufferings of spirits, so long as they are remote from God, and imprisoned in matter; vain and long-continued efforts to arrive at the knowledge of the Truth, and re-enter into their primitive union with the Supreme Being; alliance of a pure and
India,
tion

between the

divine soul with an irrational soul, the seat of evil desires angels or demons who dwell in and govern the" planets, having but an imperfect knowledge of the ideas that presided at the creation
; ;

beings by their return to the xofftwz vor/rnz, [kosmos noetos], the world of Intelligences, and its Chief, the Supreme Being; sole possible mode of re-establishing that primiregeneration of
all

250
live

MORALS AND DOGMA.

harmony of the creation, of which the music of the spheres was the image these were the analogies of the two and we discover in them some of the ideas that form a systems
of Pythagoras
; ;

part of Masonry ; in which, in the present mutilated condition of the symbolic Degrees, they are disguised and overlaid with fiction and absurdity, or present themselves as casual hints that are passed

by wholly unnoticed. The distinction between the esoteric and exoteric doctrines (a distinction purely Masonic), was always and from the very earliest
times preserved among the Greeks. It remounted to the fabulous times of Orpheus ; and the mysteries of Theosophy were found in all their traditions and myth?. And after the time of Alexander,

they resorted for instruction, dogma^, and mvsteries, to all the schools, to those of Egypt and Asia, as well as those of Ancient

and Attica. of Alexandria is known only by two of its Chiefs, Anstobulus and Philo, both Jews of Alexandria in Egypt. Belonging to Asia by its origin, to Egypt by its residence, to Greece by its language and studies, it strove to show that all truths embedded in the philosophies of other countries were transplanted thither from Palestine. Aristobulus declared that all the facts and details of the Jewish Scriptures were so many allegories, concealing the most profound meanings, and that Plato had borrowed from them all his finest ideas. Philo, who lived a century after him, following the same theory, endeavored to show that the Hebrew writings, by their system of allegcries, were the true source of all religious and philosophical doctrines. According to
Thrace,
Sicily, Etruria,

The Jewish-Greek School

him, the literal meaning is for the vulgar alone. Whoever has meditated on philosophy, purified himself by virtue, and raised himself by contemplation, to God and the intellectual world, and
received their inspiration, pierces the gross envelope of the letter, discovers a wholly different order of things, and is initiated into mysteries, of which the elementary or literal instruction offers but

an imperfect image. A historical fact, a figure, a word, a letter, a number, a rite, a custom, the parable or vision of a prophet, veils the most profound truths and he who has the key of science will
;

interpret

all

according
see the

to the light he possesses.

Again we
says,

Candidate for

symbolism of Masonry, and the search of the light. "Let men of narrow minds withdraw," he

"with closed ears.

We

transmit the divine mysteries to

KNIGHT OF THE EAST ANP
those

'.VEST.

25!

who have

received the sacred initiation, to those

who

prac-

tise true piety,

and who are not enslaved by the empty trappings

of words or the preconceived opinions of the pagans." To Philo, the Supreme Being was the Primitive Light, or the

Archetype of Light, Source whence the rays emanate that illuminate Souls. He was also the Soul of the Universe, and as such acted in all its parts. He Himself fills and limits His whole Being.

His Powers and Virtues
[Awa/uets,

fill

and penetrate

all.

These Powers

dunameis] are Spirits distinct from God, the "Ideas" of Plato personified. He is without beginning, and lives in the prototype of
fire; that

Time
is

[cutov,

aion].

His image

THE WORD

[Aoyos], a form
light.

more

brilliant thar

This LOGOS dwells in God; for the Supreme Being makes to Himself within His Intelligence
not being the pure
the types or ideas of everything that is to become reality in this World. The LOGOS is the vehicle by which God acts on the Uni-

and may be compared to the speech of man. The LOGOS being the World of Ideas [KO<TJUO vorpn/sj, by means whereof God has created visible things, He is the most ancient
verse,

God,

in

comparison with the World, which

is

the youngest pro-

The LOGOS, Chief of Intelligence, of which He is the general representative, is named Archangel, type and representaduction.

He is also styled the tive of all spirits, even those of mortals. man-type and primitive man, Adam Kadmon. God only is Wise. The wisdom of man is but the reflection and image of that of God. He is the Father, and His WISDOM the mother of creation: for He united Himself with WISDOM [lotfta,
Sophia], and communicated to it the germ of creation, and it brought forth the material world. He created the ideal world

and caused the material world to b^ made real after its type, His LOGOS, which is His speech, and at the same time the Idea by of Ideas, the Intellectual World. The Intellectual City was but
only,

the

Thought of the
is

Architect,

who

meditated the creation, accord-

ing to that plan of the Material City.

The Word

not only the Creator, but occupies the place of the

Supreme Being.

Through Him
of

all

the

Powers and Attributes
their Shepherd.

of

God

act.

Family,

On the other side, He is the Protector
man

as first

representative of the

Human

men and

God
the

gives to

body

the Soul or Intelligence, which exists before and which he unites with the body. The reasoning

252
Principle

MORALS AND DOGMA.
comes from God through the Word, and communes with
the

God and with
disorder,

Word;

but there

is

also in

man an
fill

irrational

Principle, that of the inclinations

and passions which produce
spirits

emanating from inferior
Principle that animates
as
it

who

the

air

as

ministers of God.
irrational

The body, taken from

the Earth, and the concurrently with the ra-

tional Principle, are hated

by God, while the rational soul which

He

has given

it.

is,
it.

it

that encompasses

primitive condition,

The present condition when he was the image
But he may

were, captive in this prison, this coffin, of man is not his
of the Logos.

He

has fallen from his

first estate.

raise himself again,

by following the directions of WISDOM [.To^a] and of the. Angels which God has commissioned to aid him in freeing himself from
the bonds of the body, and combating Evil, the existence whereof God has permitted, to furnish him the means of exercising his liberty. The souls that are purified, not by the Law but by light,

Heavenly regions, to enjoy there a perfect felicity. Those that persevere in evil go from body to body, the seats of passions and evil desires. The familiar lineaments of these docrise to

the

trines will be recognized

by

all

who

read the Epistles of St. Paul,
till

who wrote

after Philo, the latter living Christ.

the reign of Caligula,
that

and being the contemporary of

And
the

the

Mason

is
is

familiar with these doctrines of Philo

:

a centre of Light whose rays or emanations Supreme Being the L'niverse for that is the Light for which all Masonic pervade
;

journeys are a search, and of which the sun and moon in our Lodges are only emblems that Light and Darkness, chief enemies
:

from the beginning of Time, dispute with each other the empire of the world which we symbolize by the candidate wandering in darkness and being brought to light that the world was created,
; :

not by the Supreme Being, but by a secondary agent, who is but His \VoRD [the Aoyos], and by types which are but his ideas,

aided by an INTELLIGENCE, or WISDOM [2o<fta], which gives one of His Attributes in which we see the occult meaning of the ne;

cessity of recovering "the

and of our two columns of STRENGTH and WISDOM, which are also the two parallel lines that bound the circle representing the Universe that the visible world is the image of the invisible world that the essence of the Human
;

WORD"

:

;

Soul

is

the image of God, and
its terrestrial life is

it

existed before the body
its

;

that the
its

object of

to disengage itself of

body or

KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST.
sepulchre and that it will ascend to the Heavenly regions whenever it shall be purified in which we see the meaning, now almost
;

;

forgotten in our Lodges, of the mode of preparation of the candidate for apprenticeship, and his tests and purifications in the first

Degree, according to the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. Philo incorporated in his eclecticism neither Egyptian nor Oriental elements. But there were other Jewish Teachers in Alexandria

who
little

did both.

The Jews

of Egypt were slightly jealous of, and a

hostile to, those of Palestine, particularly after the erection
;

of the sanctuary at Leontopolis by the High-Priest Onias and therefore they admired and magnified those sages, who, like Jeremiah, had resided in Egypt. "The wisdom of Solomon" was

written at Alexandria, and, in the time of St. Jerome, was attributed to Philo; but it contains principles at variance with his.
It

personifies

Wisdom, and draws between

its

children and the

Profane, the same line of demarcation that Egypt had long before taught to the Jews. That distinction existed at the beginning of
the

Mosaic creed. Moshah himself was an Initiate in the mysteries of Egypt, as he was compelled to be, as the adopted son of the daughter of Pharaoh, Thouoris, daughter of Sesostris-Ramses;
who, as her tomb and monuments show, was, in the right of her infant husband, Regent of Lower Egypt or the Delta at the time of the Hebrew Prophet's birth, reigning at Heliopolis. She was also, as the reliefs on her tomb show, a Priestess of HATHOR and

NEITH, the two great primeval goddesses. As her adopted son, living in her Palace and presence forty years, and during that
time scarcely acquainted with his brethren the Jews, the law of

Egypt compelled his initiation and we find in many of his enactments the intention of preserving, between the common people and the Initiates, the line of separation which he found in Egypt.
:

Moshah and Aharun his brother, the whole series of High-Priests. the Council of the 70 Elders, Salomoh and the entire succession of Prophets, were in possession of a higher science and of that
;

science
arly

Masonry
as

is,

at least, the lineal descendant.

It

was

famili-

THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE WORD. AMUN, at first the God of Lower Egypt only, where Moshah was reared [a word that in Hebrew means Truth], was the Supreme
known

God.

He was

styled "the Celestial Lord, ivho sheds Light on

hidden things." the crux ansata

He was
is

the source of that divine
;

life,

of which

the symbol

and the source of

all

power.

He

254
united
all

"TORALS

AND DOGM/
Theosophy

the attributes that the Ancient Oriental

assigned to the Supreme Being. He was the xtepa)/jia (Pleroma), or "Fullness of things" for He comprehended in Himself everything; and the LIGHT; for he was the Sun-God. He was un-

changeable

in the

midst of everything phenomenal in his worlds.
of

He created nothing; but everything emanated from Him; and Him all the other Gods were but manifestations. The Ram was His living symbol which you see reproduced
;

in

this

Degree, lying on the book with seven seals on the tracingboard. He caused the creation of the world by the Primitive
,
,

Thought [Ewota, Ennoia] or Spirit [Hvcv/wt, Pneuma] that issued from him by means of his Voice or the WORD and which Thought or Spirit was personified as the Goddess NEITH. She, too, was a divinity of Light, and mother of the Sun; and the Feast of Lamps was celebrated in her honor at Sais. The Creative Power,
;

another manifestation of Deity, proceeding to the creation conceived of in her, the Divine Intelligence, produced with its Word
the Universe, symbolized by an

KNEPH

egg issuing from the mouth of from which egg came PHTHA, image of the Supreme Intelligence as realized in the world, and the type of that mani;

fested in

man

;

the principal agent, also, of Nature, or the creative

and productive Fire. PHRE or RE, the Sun, or Celestial Light, whose symbol was O, the point within a circle, was the son of PHTHA and TIPHE, his wife, or the celestial firmament, w ith the
7

;

seven celestial bodies, animated by spirits of genii that govern them, was represented on many of the monuments, clad in blue or yellow, her garments sprinkled with stars, and accompanied by

moon, and five planets and she was the type of Wisdom, and they of the Seven Planetary Spirits of the Gnostics, that with her presided over and governed the sublunary world. In this Degree, unknown for a hundred years to those who have practised it, these emblems reproduced refer to these old doctrines.
the sun,
;

The lamb,

the yellow hangings strewed

with

stars,

the

seven

columns, candlesticks, and seals all recall them to us. The Lion was the symbol of ATHOM-RE, the Great God of Upper Egypt
;

the

Hawk,

of

RA

or

PHRE

;

the Eagle, of

MENDES

;

the Bull, of APIS;

and three of these are seen under the platform

on which our

altar stands.

The first HERMES was the INTELLIGENCE or WORD of God. Moved with compassion for a race living without law, and wishing

KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST.
to teach

255

to

them that they sprang from His bosom, and to point out them the way that they should go [the books which the first Hermes, the same with Enoch, had written on the mysteries of

divine science, in the sacred characters, being unknown to those who lived after the flood], God sent to man OSIRIS and Isis, ac-

companied by THOTH, the incarnation or
the
first

terrestrial repetition of

HERMES; who taught men
;

emonies of religion

the arts, science, and the cerand then ascended to Heaven or the Moon.

OSIRIS was the Principle of Good. TYPHON, like AHRIMAN, wa.> the principle and source of all that is evil in the moral and physical order.

Like the Satan of Gnosticism, he was confounded
or Persia the
it

with Matter.

new Platonists borrowed the idea, and from them, that man, in his terrestrial career, is successively under the influence of the Moon, of Mercury, of Venus, of the Sun, of Mars, of Jupiter, and of Saturn, until he finally reaches the Elysian Fields an idea again symbolized in the Seven Seals. The Jews of Syria and Judea were the direct precursors of Gnosticism and in their doctrines were ample oriental elements. These Jews had had with the Orient, at two different periods, intimate relations, familiarizing them with the doctrines of Asia, and their forced residence in Cenespecially of Chaldea and Persia and their voluntary tral Asia under the Assyrians and Persians over the whole East, when subjects of the Seleucidse dispersion and the Romans. Living near two-thirds of a century, and many of them long afterward, in Mesopotamia, the cradle of their race speaking the same language, and their children reared with those of the Chaldeans, Assyrians, Medes, and Persians, and receiving from them their names (as the case of Danayal, who was called
the Gnostics received
;

From Egypt

;

;

;

;

Baeltasatsar, proves), they necessarily adopted

many

of the doc-

trines of their conquerors. Their descendants, as Azra and Nahamaiah show us, hardly desired to leave Persia, when they were

allowed to do so. They had a special jurisdiction, and governors and judges taken from their own people many of them held high office, and their children were educated with those of the highest nobles. Danayal was the friend and minister of the King, and
;

the Chief of the College of the
lieve the

book which bears
its

related in

at Babylon if we may bename, and trust to the incidents Mordecai, highly figurative and imaginative style.

Magi

;

his

256
too,

MORALS AND DOGMA.

occupied a high station, no less than that of Prime Minister, and Esther or Astar, his cousin, was the Monarch's wife.

The Magi of Babylon were expounders of figurative writings, astronomers and divines interpreters of nature, and of dreams, and from their influences arose among the Jews, after their rescue
;

from

captivity, a

number of
with

sects,

and a new exposition, the mys-

wild fancies and infinite caprices. The Aions of the Gnostics, the Ideas of Plato, the Angels of the Jews, and the Demons of the Greeks, all correspond to the Ferouers of Zoroaster.
tical interpretation,
all its

number of Jewish families remained permanently in new country and one of the most celebrated of their schools was at Babylon. They were soon familiarized with the doctrine of Zoroaster, which itself was more ancient than Kuros. From
great
their
;

A

the system of the Zend-Avesta they borrowed, and subsequently gave large development to, everything that could be reconciled

with their

own

faith

;

and these additions to the old doctrine were

soon spread, by the constant intercourse of commerce, into Syria

and Palestine.
In the Zend-Avesta,
:

God

is

Illimitable

Time.

No

origin can be

assigned to Him He is so entirely enveloped in His glory, His nature and attributes are so inaccessible to human Intelligence,
that He can be only the object of a silent Veneration. Creation took place by emanation from Him. The first emanation was the primitive Light, and from that the King of Light, ORMUZD. By

"WORD/" Ormuzd created the world pure. He is its preserver and judge; a Being Holy and Heavenly; Intelligence and Knowledge the First-born of Time without limits and invested
the
; ;

with

all

Still

Powers of the Supreme Being. he is, strictly speaking, the Fourth Being.
the

He

had a

Ferouer, a pre-existing Soul [in the language of Plato, a type or ideal] and it is said of Him, that He existed from the beginning,
;

But, that Light being but an element, and His Ferouer a type, he is, in ordinary language, the First-born of Behold, again, "THE WORD"
in the primitive Light.

ZEROUANE-AKHERENE.
;

of

Masonry the Man, on the Tracing-Board LIGHT toward which all Masons travel.

of this Degree

;

the

He

created after his
his

who surround
inferior spirits

own image, six Genii called Amshaspands, Throne, are his organs of communication with and men, transmit to Him their prayers, solicit for

KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST.

25/

them His favors, and serve them as models of purity and perfection. Thus we have the Demiourgos of Gnosticism, and the six Genii that assist him. These are the Hebrew Archangels of the
Planets.

The names

of

these

Amshaspands

are

Bahman, Ardibehest,
first

Schariver, Sapandomad, Khordad, and Amerdad. The fourth, the Holy SAPANDOMAD, created the

man and
the chief.

woman. Then ORMUZD created 28 They watch, with
ness, purity,

Izeds, of

whom MITHRAS

is

Ormuzd and

the

Amshaspands, over the happi-

and preservation of the world, which is under their government; and they are also models for mankind and interpreters of men's prayers. With Mithras and Ormuzd, they make a
pleroma [or complete number] of 30, corresponding to the thirty Aions of the Gnostics, and to the ogdoade, dodecade, and decade of the Egyptians. Mithras was the Sun-God, invoked with, and soon confounded with him, becoming the object of a special worship, and eclipsing Ormuzd himself. The third order of pure spirits is more numerous. They are the Ferouers, the THOUGHTS of Ormuzd, or the IDEAS which he
conceived before proceeding to the creation of things.

They too

are superior to men. They protect them during their life on earth they will purify them from evil at their resurrection. They are their tutelary genii, from the fall to the complete regeneration.
;

AHRIMAN, second-born of the Primitive Light, emanated from it, pure like ORMUZD; but, proud and ambitious, yielded to jealousy of the First-born.

For

his hatred

and

pride, the Eternal

condemned him where no ray of

to dw^ell, for 12,000 years, in that part of space
light reaches
;

the black empire of darkness.

In

that period the struggle between Light
Evil, will be terminated.

and Darkness, Good and

AHRIMAN scorned to submit, and took the field against ORTo the good spirits created by his Brother, he opposed an innumerable army of Evil Ones. To the seven Amshaspands he
MUZD.
opposed seven Archdevs, attached
to the

seven Planets

;

to the

Izeds and Ferouers an equal number of Devs, which brought upon the world all moral and physical evils. Hence Poverty. Maladies,

Impurity, Envy, Chagrin, Drunkenness. Falsehood. Calumny, and
their horrible array.

The image

of

Ahriman was

the Dragon, confounded by the

258

MORALS AND DOGMA.

Jews with Satan and the Serpent-Tempter. After a reign of 3000 years, Ormuzd had created the Material World, in six periods, calling successively into existence the Light, Water, Earth, plants, animals, and Man. But Ahriman concurred in creating the earth and water; for darkness was already an element, and Ormuzd could not exclude its Master. So also the two concurred in producing Man. Ormuzd produced, by his Will and Word, a Being that was the type and source of universal life for everything that exists under Heaven. He placed in man a pure principle, or Life, proceeding from the Supreme Being. But Ahriman destroyed that pure principle, in the form wherewith it was clothed; and when Ormuzd had made, of its recovered and purified essence, the first man and woman, Ahriman seduced and tempted them with wine and fruits the woman yielding first.
;

Often, during the three latter periods of 3000 years each, Ahriman and Darkness are, and are to be, triumphant. But the pure
souls are assisted by the

Good

Spirits

;

the

Triumph

of

Good

is

decreed by the Supreme Being, and the period of that triumph will infallibly arrive. When the world shall be most afflicted with
the evils poured out

upon

it

by the

spirits

of perdition, three

Prophets will come to bring relief to mortals. SOSIOSCH, the principal of the Three, will regenerate the earth, and restore to it
its primitive beauty, strength, and purity. He will judge the good and the wicked. After the universal resurrection of the good, he will conduct them to a home of everlasting happiness. Ahriman, his evil demons, and all wicked men, will also be purified in a torrent of melted metal. The law of Ormuzd will reign everywhere
;

happy; enjoying unalterable bliss, will sing with Sosiosch the praises of the Supreme Being. These doctrines, the details of which were sparingly borrowed
all
all,

men

will be

by the Pharisaic Jews, were much more
Gnostics
;

fully

adopted by the

who taught the restoration of all things, their return to their original pure condition, the happiness of those to be saved,
and their admission

Heavenly Wisdom. originally from Bactria, an Indian Province of Persia. Naturally, therefore, it would include Hindu or Buddhist elements, as it did. The fundamental idea of Buddhism was, matter subjugating the intelligence, and intelligence freeing itself from that slavery. Perhaps something came to Gnosticism from China. "Before the chaos which preceded
to the feast of

The

doctrines of Zoroaster

came

KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST.
the birth of

259

Heaven and Earth," says Lao-Tseu, "a single Being immense and silent, immovable and ever active the existed, mother of the Universe. I know not its name but I designate it by the word Reason. Man has his type and model in the Earth Earth in Heaven Heaven in Reason and Reason in Itself." Here again are the Ferouers, the Ideas, the Aions the REASON or INTELLIGENCE [Ewwa], SILENCE [2V^], WORD [Jopc], and
:

;

;

;

WISDOM

[Zoyia] of the Gnostics.

the Jews after their captivity was Pharoschim or Pharisees. Whether their name was derived from that of the Parsees,or followers of Zoroaster, or from some other source, it is certain that they had borrowed much of their doctrine from the Persians. Like them they claimed to have the exclusive and mysterious knowledge, unknown to the mass. Like them they taught that a constant war was waged between the Empire of Good and that of Evil. Like th6m they attributed the sin and fall of man to the demons and their chief; and like them they admitted a special protection of the righteous by inferior beings, agents of Jehovah. All their doctrines on these subthat of the
at bottom those of the Holy Books; but singularly and the Orient was evidently the source from which developed;
jects

The dominant system among

were

those developments came.
styled themselves Interpreters; a name indicating their claim to the exclusive possession of the true meaning of the Holy

They

Writings, by virtue of the oral tradition which Moses had received on Mount Sinai, and which successive generations of Initiates had
transmitted, as they claimed, unaltered, unto them. Their very costume, their belief in the influences of the stars, and in the im-

mortality and transmigration of souls, their system of angels and

astronomy, were all foreign. Sadduceeism arose merely from an opposition essentially Jewish, to these foreign teachings, and that mixture of doctrines, adopted by the Pharisees, and which constituted the popular creed. We come at last to the Esscnes and Therapeuts, with whom this Degree is particularly concerned. That intermingling of oriental and occidental rites, of Persian and Pythagorean opinions, which we have pointed out in the doctrines of Philo, is unmistakable in the creeds of these two sects. They were less distinguished by metaphysical speculations than by simple meditations and moral practices. But the latter always
their

and whose mother was of the family of Aharun. was in the deserts until the day of his showing unto Israel. and furnished the Gnostics with some of their It most striking is theories. under the influence of the School of AlexanThe Jews dria. as stated by Philo. and particularly their prayers at sunrise. which they drank in at the source. on one side. and feeding upon such food as the desert afforded. and thence came. Clad in hair-cloth. in the neighborhood of Alexand the Essenes in Palestine. This attachment was particularly shown in the Kabalah. the baptism of repent. in many points. He drank neither wine nor strong. for the remission of sins that is. nor even tament. resided in Egypt. which led The Therapeuts by attributing it to a foreign influence. which belonged rather to Palestine than to Egypt. so perfect an identity. though extensively known in the latter.drink. distinctly alluded to. readily explained with the traditions of Greece. favorable as they were to physical pleasures. in the doctrines of the Therapeuts. of Egypt. named. that the soul to a system of abstinence from the trammels and influences and maceration entirely opposed to the ancient Hebraic ideas. He taught the people charity and . the necessity of repent- ance proven by reformation. having less communication with Greece. or contemning its teachings. seem the image of what the Zend-Avesta prescribes to the faithful adorer or Ormuzd. the life and manners of these mystical associations. their relations with Persia made them familiar. anywhere Indeed. it partook of the Zoroastrian principle. in the country about Jordan.2<3o MORALS AND DOGMA. But there was nevertheless a striking coincidence in their was necessary to free of matter. and. rather im- and with which bibed the Oriental doctrines. that while Christ spoke often of the Pharisees and Sadducees. they are not in the New Tes- John. as Philo and Josephus describe them. and some of their observances cannot otherwise be explained. a significant fact. endeavored in general to make their doctrines harmonize ideas. Sea. In general. in the vicinity of the Dead andria. girdle he preached. bet ween whose doctrines and His there was so great a resemblance. and with a of leather. the many analogies between the Pythagorean and Orphic ideas. ance. the son of a Priest who ministered in the Temple at Jerusalem. and those of Judaism on the other: while the Jews of Palestine. He never once mentioned the Essenes.

for we find them with the Pharisees coming to Jesus to inquire why His Disciples did not fast as often as they and He did not denounce tliem. He baptized those who confessed their sins. that the very large . . who was often consulted by Herod. and was often governed by his advice whose doctrine prevailed very extensively among the people and the publicans. justice. of righteousness" and that the lower classes believed him. His disciples buried him and Herod and others thought he had risen from the dead and appeared again in accuse none falsely. . He preached in the desert and therefore in the country where the Essenes lived. Matthew mentions him without preface or explanation. peace. preaching in the wilderness of Judea. apparently. He was imprisoned before Christ began to preach. . 26l the publicans." His disciples frequently fasted. "In those days. and more than a prophet. or do we look for another?" Christ referred them to his miracles as an answer." he says. equity. "came John the Baptist. and to whom that monarch showed great deference. He declared him to be Elias. Christ declared that he came "in the way . .KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST. He incul- . the and contentment. and be content with their pay. John sent two of his disciples to inquire of Christ: "Art thou he that is to come. who was to come. his history was too well known to need any. and declared to the people that John was a prophet. and finally executed to gratify her. soldiery. and the folly of trusting to from Abraham. and that no greater man had ever been born but that the humblest Christian was his superior. as if. the person of Christ. He denounced both Pharisees and Sadducees as a generation of vipers. life. tianity. to do violence to none. That is plain: and it is equally plain. taught some creed older than Chris. professing the same doctrines. as His habit was to denounce the Pharisees but answered them kindly and gently. though the Priests and Pharisees did not. The people all regarded John as a prophet and Christ silenced the Priests and Elders by asking them whether he was inspired. truth. John had denounced to Herod his marriage with his brother's wife as unlawful and for this he was imprisoned. liberality. . They feared to excite the anger of the people by saying that he was not. From his prison. . cated the necessity of a virtuous their descent and fair dealing. Thus John. threatened with the anger of God.

" at Antioch. in Alexandria. The Wandering . being a zealous enthusiast. It is plain. for he and had just then come to Ephesus. whence the true be called Christian which had previously existed. named Apollos. and. when Aquila and Priscilla had heard. or Itinerant Jews o^ Exorcises. came to Ephesus. He had learned in the mysteries the true doctrine in regard to God and. 8th chapter of the Acts of the Apostles we read thus: "And a certain Jew. and expounded unto him the way of God . ing only the baptism of John. body of the Jews that adopted his doctrines. too. they took him unto them." The disciples were first called "Christians. more perfectly. common people. human nor was wanting at any time from the beginning of the race. but the humble. knowspirit. a disciple of Philo. began xc our days is the Christian religion. but not according for the thing itself. it reads thus "And : a certain Jew. he spoke and taught diligently the truths in regard to the Deity. named Apollos. being fervent in he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord. and mighty in the Scriptures. nothing in regard to Christianity. that Christ applied It for baptism as a sacred rite. called according to that name." Translating this from the symbolic and figurative language into the true ordinary sense of the Greek text. being. and of extensive learning. born at Alexandria. well known and long practised. an eloquent man. have been Essenes. received this name. he In the 1 said. of which is the name. really was known to the An- cients. and a Therapeut. was becoming to him. were neither Pharisees nor Sadducees. who assumed to the Sacred Name in exorcising evil spirits. which to know and it follow the most sure and certain to the health.262 MORALS AND DOGMA. of John. in later times. not as having been wanting in former times. having received no other baptism than that . "is the Christian is gion. in all times/' says St. came to Ephesus. thing is itself. but as having. . to fulfill all righteousness. probably. therefore. and he began to speak boldly in instructed in the the synagogue whom. reli- Augustine. which now called the Christian religion." He knew had resided "That. They must. when Barnabas and Paul began tc and this in 1 preach there. were no doubt employ Therapeutae or Es-senes. an elo- quent man. an Alexandrian by birth. This man was way of the Lord. from religion. until the time when Christ came in the flesh .

And in Jesus Christ. 263 "And verses I it came to pass. They were birth. Paul." . . some of Paul.' When they heard this. that is. Wa from the two letters written year of our era. There was no other sect to which he could have belonged. the doctrines he taught. who should then be all in all. saying to the people that they should believe in Him who was to come after him. to 4. and finally to Death. He was to put an end to all other Principles and Powers. the Practici and Therapeutici. 'In what. that City of Luxury and Corruption. according to Philo the Jew. that there were contentions among them. Christ was to come again. they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. and had sent Timothy to them to bring them afresh to their recollection. his. taught by John. his macerations and frugal diet.' Then said Paul. were you baptized ?' passed through the upper pai they said 'In John's Baptism. ts of Asia Minor. "Love one another. This faith." They despised No one was to be found among them. he said to them. except by Paul to the brethren at Corinth. The forms and ceremonies of the Essenes were symbolical. then. Rival sects had already. and some of Cephas. four Degrees the members being divided into two Orders.ime Believers?' And they said unto him.KNIGHT OF 1 HE EAST AND WEST. came to Ephesus and finding certain disciples. "that while Apollos was at Corinth." we read in the I9th chapter of the Acts. the latter being the contemplative and medical Brethren former the active.' And he said to them. practical. . having . According to Paul. as followers. reared their banners there. Their brotherly love was intense. 'Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye bec. could have been nothing but the doctrine of the Essenes and there can be no doubt that John belonged to that sect. and the Jews by and had a greater affection for each other than the members of any other sect. Paul urged them to adhere 1 j the doctrines taught by himself. and so nearly Christianity. Some of them denied the resurrection. all prove it conclusively. business men. having more than riches. 18 . The place where he preached. some of Apollos. 'We have not so mucn as heard that there is any Holy Ghost. 'John indeed baptized with the baptism of repentence. and then be Himself once more merged in God. about the 57th find. They fulfilled the Christian law. certainly none so numerous as the Essenes. They had.

Their demeanor was sober and chaste. They cultivated the science of medicine and were They deemed it a good omen to dress in white robes. The . and Hebron about 20 miles south of that city. and . "because no one obtains the government without the Ministers of Peace. composed of round dots instead of jods. but put up certain prayers which they had received from their forefathers. and were indeed in a great measure the same. MORALS AND DOGMA." Whatever they said. which explains their turning toward the Sun in prayer. was firmer than an oath but they avoided swearing. At dawn of day. and passed righteous judgments. evidently Pythagoras . They submitted to the superintendence of governors whom they appointed over them- . They held all things in common. Before brethren. They were eminently faithful and true. sunrise they never spake a word about profane matters. their prayers and hymns ascended to Heaven. The Tetractys. and they were no despised death. bore torture with fortitude. They kept the Sabbath more rigorously than the Jews. In their devotions they turned toward the rising sun. and were Their piety toward God was extraordinary. But they were no idolaters for they observed the law of Moses with scrupulous fidelity. Josephus and Eusebius speak of them as an ancient sect. God's assistance. their wants doubt the first : whose faith .264 another. They were simple in their diet and mode of living. and probably were adopted while they were prisoners in Persia. and despised riches. as the Jews generally did toward the Temple. and esteemed it worse than perjury. Their chief towns were Engaddi. initiations into their mysteries. and and the Candidate promised that he would ever practise fidelity to all men. near the Dead Sea. among the Jews to embrace Christianity with and doctrine their own tenets had so many points of resemblance. Engaddi was about 30 miles southeast from Jerusalem. shows their connection with the school of but their peculiar tenets more resemble those of Confucius and Zoroaster. was reThis being a Pythagorean symbol. being supplied by the administration of Curators or Stewards. and Hebron. and They had mysterious ceremonies. and before it was light. Pliny regarded them as a very ancient people. the others possessions of one were intermingled with those of so that they all had but one patrimony. They had their own courts. vered among them. /ery skillful. and especially to those in authority.

to isolate the soul from the body. they had a warrant for that in the Scriptures themselves. the Orientals God to be. Eusebius broadly admits "that the ancient Therapeutae were Christians and that their ancient writings were our Gospels and their literal . through it all the different Seels . They believed in the unity of God. They believed in a future state of rewards and . . to the monasteries of the early writings of the Essenes were full of mysticism. the fountain of which. and had establishments similar Christians. as we have already said. derstood in a mysterious and recondite sense. They believed in the esoteric and exote- The meanings of the Scriptures and. in employ destroying the dominion of impiety and lay dispersed. the duty of every wise man to gather to from the several quarters where it. they did not believe in the resurrection of the body but in that of the soul only. parables. the greatest and most salutary gift of God to mortals. They lived in continence and abstinence. and PLATO in the highest esteem they believed that true philosophy. The from the supposed fact that they reverenced the Sun. . The whole of their time was spent in labor. They found it in the Old Testament. enigmas. not as a god. and allegories. The Christian writers. as far as possible.KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST. . and every moral duty. Epistles. by a disastrous fate. and vice. thus reunited. They offered no sacrifices. meditation. and it that it was. as the Gnostics found it in the New. great festivals of the Solstices were observed in a distinguished manner by the Essenes as would naturally be supposed. . and carry it back to God. and not according to meaning. and even Christ himself. and prayer. except at home and by meditation they endeavored. 265 selves. scattered. and they were most sedulously attentive to every call of justice and humanity. but as a symbol of light and fire. into the bodies which they occupy during their continuance in which they considered them confined as in a prison. They supposed the souls of men to have fallen. Therefore ." The ESSENES were of the Eclectic Sect of Philosophers. consequently. punishments and they disregarded the ceremonies or external forms enjoined in the law of Moses to be observed in the worship of God holding that the words of that lawgiver were to be un. from the regions of purity and light. was held . recognized it as a ric . in various portions.

and said unto him. not given. existed THE ANCIENT OF DAYS.ll the rest is illusion. Supreme Eeing unknown to all. and the latter a little later. in the 4th chapter of his Epistle to the Galatians. he is Infinite [AlNSOPH]. but to them it is parables that seeing.' " Paul. and hearing And the disciples came they may hear and not understand. He is HIMSELF : there is nothing in Him that We can call Thou. In them. . as in the teachings of Zoroaster. and subsists only in Him." Origen and monishes us that "Should we understand sacred writ according to the letter. speaking of the simplest facts of the Old Testament. ." "Those who preside over the Holy Sepulchres. had an inner and an outer meaning. he declares himself a minister of the New Testament. and Athanasius ad. In the 3d chapter of the second letter to the Corinthians. the KING OF LIGHT. but he is the only real Existence: ?. . they go back to the time of the exile. THE ANCIENT. appointed by letter but of the spirit for the Gregory held that the Gospels were not to be taken in their literal sense. and expound their literal sense by alleEusebius said. all these things are done in know and not perceive. the "Unknown Father. philosophize over them. not only is the Supreme Being the real cause of all.266 MORALS AND DOGMA. Thus : truth. He is not only the real cause of all Existences. men the mystery of the Kingdom of that are without. God "Not of the St. they may see . Before everything. the former drawn up in the second century. everything that exists emanated from a source of infinite LIGHT. His attri- . 'Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven. a title often given to the Creator in the Zend-Avesta and the code of the Sabccans. He is the In the Kabalah. as in the Persian and Gnostic doctrines. that all Scripture we find it said as follows. we should fall into the most enormous blasphemies." is The world his revelation. gory. the idea so expressed is With connected the pantheism of India. letter. THE KING OF LIGHT. 'Why speakest Thou the truth in par-ables?' He answered and said unto them. is ALL THAT is." The sources of our knowledge of the Kabalistic doctrines. asserts that they are an allegory. killeth. but containing materials much older than themselves. are the books of Jezirah and Sohar. in one of the Gospels it is "Unto you given to God . but unto . In their most characteristic ele- ments. In the Indian doctrine.

the object of our labors. Glory. As such. the Universal FORM. They are Sovereignty or Will. ther. but only his mode of manifesting a profound Truth. Conservator. united with the by the primitive ray of Light. this and without it nothing double FORCE. it is equally considered as the generative Infinite This First-Born and conceptive Principle. Severity.'. Ke- . it has revealed itself in ten emanations or Sephiroth.'. Hveufw. Wisdom was called Nous and LOGOS [Nous and Ao-yoz]. ADAM KADMON. also. The circle. which are not ten different beings. in the is sublimest sense. special symbol of the first Sephirah. It is THE LIGHT OF LIGHT. shot from the Deity. its purity. that God reveals Himself by . the column on the right hand. but it must be revered in silence. and aniof the Universe. responds to the Holy Ghost of the Christian Faith. appears as the creative power of Deity. is Himself. two parts of the word H. the Primitive Man. These are attributes of God and this idea. emanated the FIRST-BORN .'. Intelligence. We know of the Invisible only what the Visible reveals. LIGHT. and in different degrees. penetrates everything can exist an instant. and Zwr)]. It mating Principle possesses the three Primitive Forces of the Divinity. the less is : . His cern attributes. designated by the . source of the oil of anointing. vessels of Omnipotence. and LIFE [<J>u><. H. on the left hand.*. It all It is the cause and principle at once Father and Mother of All. of God. Wisdom. Beauty. And thus our symbols appear again in the Kabalah. works. the more perfect it is the more remote in the scale. And again the LIGHT. Permanency. INTELLECT or the WORD. Beauty is represented by green and yellow. As it has received what it gives. and Empire. the column fachin: Glory is the column Boas. and types of Creation. in which are contained all beings the Persian and Platonic Archetype of things. nor even beings at all but . and that the human mind cannot perceive or in his dis- God Himself. A of ray of Light. U. Victory is YAHOVAH-TsABAOTH. that exists. SPIRIT.KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST. Intelligence. or the was the Crown. sources of life. Light and Life. with different modifications. Benignity. 267 butes are reproduced there. All beings have emanated from the Supreme Being The nearer a being is to Him. From I. so that the Universe is His Holy Spleador: it but His Mantle. is the Creative Agent. Victory.

the Heaven with its Lights. a perThe phrase. Light and Fire are the most important agents in the Phoenician faith. there in all is nothing purely material proceeds by irradiation comes from God. parts of the Soul of Man. DEBAR." So. where Jacob says : If God . and penetrates everything.YAHOVAH [mrT 12T] the Word of God. doctrine that. Gen. "And God sonalty. life. 1 The Chaldaic and Jerusalem Paraphrasts endeavored to render the phrase. the superior always enveloping the inferior. whereof it is but the vehicle or symbol. do not further follow the Kabalah in its four Worlds of Spirits. formation. for everywhere it governs and controls. Briah. 20. that everything subsists by the Divine ray that penetrates creation and all is united by the Spirit of God. therefore be respected and honored everywhere. and He . and The WORD was those of Asia.268 MORALS AND DOGMA. deeming it the Supreme Everything emanates from a Single Principle. profound mystery." is. in the Jerusalem Targum. inferior to each other in proportion to their distance from the Great King of Light the contest between the good and evil Angels and Principles. wherever they met with it. one inferior to and one emerging We from the other. "And the Word of . a also found in the Phoenician Creed. by its union with Spirit. The faith of the Phoenicians was an emanation from that ancient worship of the Stars. There is a race of children of the Light. Yezirah. which is the Moving Power of All and governs all. is connected with a faith in one God. distinct the migrations of impure souls. to endure until the Eternal Himself comes to end it and re-establish the primitive harmony the four . IHUH created man. to be WORD communicated by them to mankind. is the Life of It should everything. As in all of God. so that all is God. created man. which in the creed of Zoroaster alone. written in starry characters. 21. in that all all its . that exists. to the higher classes of the human race. created the world. by the and communicated by the Demi-Gods. which is the life of . Light. or of emanation. in xxviii. the Existences : that inhabit the four worlds. until they are sufficiently purified to share with the Spirits of Light the contemplation of the Supreme Being whose Splendor fills the Universe. creation. Azilnth. and Asiah. and a Primitive Love. and fabrication. They adored God. as a planetary Divinities.

preme God relations the origin. object." substitute. or created . redemption.. and even from the Alohayistic legend with which the book . and between God and man and the creation. in iii. by the Priests and Philosophers of the East and West. with most of the Gnostics. and matter. r eral places he calls t it "Sevrepo? "lixwv roo 6sou " the Image of God: the Divine Word that all things: "the wa^os. was. in their eyes. "The Voice of the Word of IHUH. of God. and restoration to his first estate. for . of Genesis commences. To place between them but a single Being. when John commenced to preach. the Zend-Avesta. the Kabalah. fall. and emanating from. made Thus.. to suppose for the production of the world but a single intermeThe diary.. we have. dos Ao'yos." Philo speaks of the Word as being the same with God. Wisdom.. "Thine Almighty W ord [Aoyos] leaped down from Heaven. to attribute to the former the creation of the latter. to lower the Supreme Majesty. Philo. which is base and foul. and the like.. Below. interval between God. linn ALHIMJ *b 269 will be with me . iv \6yov wj. and all the Orient. of man. then . Wisdom. . So in sevSo. Gen. was too great for them to clear it at a single step. the Puranas. Even in the Occident. Cerinthus of Ephesus. "If the word of IHUH will be my help . between the intellectual ." the Second Divinity . the great questions concerning the eternity or creation of matter : immediate or intermediate creation of the Universe by the Su- and final extinction of evil the and material worlds. the Word of IHUH ohall be my God. The Theosophists of the other Eastern Peoples interposed more than one intermediary between God and the world. The Jewish doctrine. deemed the distance and antipathy between the Supreme Being and the material world too great. I." In ix. 15. "O God of my Fathers and Lord of Mercy! who hast made all things with thy word. then shall IHUH be my ALHIM mrP JTiTi. . Thus. had been for ages agitated. . neither Plato nor Philo could thus im- poverish the Intellectual World. 8." And in xviii. UHIH IHUH Li LALHIM] and this stone shall [CTi^N^ 6e God's House [zrr6 JV3 nTP IHIH BITH ALHIM]: Onkelos paraphrases it. who is perfect Purity. differing in this from all the other Oriental creeds. attributed the creation to the immediate action of the Supreme Being.KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST." "The Voice of the Lord God" [DV^N mn\ IHUH ALHIM].

became Powers. or Forces [Suva/nets] of the same God. the Deity. and HOLY SPIRIT. the Central Light. creating the principle of Light and Life. the immediate creation of the material and mental universe was due. Gabriel. were only so many different To modes of Existence. JEHUEL is the guardian of fire. or more Principles. the DIVINE REASON. But the col- umns are not representatives of these alone. No restraints were laid on the Fancy and the Imagination. The veriest Abstractions became Existences and Realities. two. personified. Forces or Superior Gods of the ancient legend with which Genesis begins. the Light of Light. Nitriel. the Nous. the Abstract Intellectuality. while the columns JACHIN and BOAZ represent the angels of fire and water. The Oriental imagination revelled in the creation of these Inferior Intelligences. and Angels. the Aions of the Gnostics. every star. Hadarniel. and Sarniel. his Amshaspands. the Pozvers or Forces of Philo. creating the inferior Deities. or Intellectual Beings were imagined. and many of the early Judaizing Christians. Izeds. . To others. as FATHER. and almost every tongue has a Prince of Heaven as its Protector. These seven are represented . The attributes of God. the lynges of Zoroaster. and Ferouers. others they were. or emanation from. Simon Magus. Divine Fire. every town. to these and other intermediaries the creation was owing. the Ideas of Plato. the Angels of the Jews. Seven spirits assist each those of fire being Seraphiel. the Demiourgos. or JEHOVAH. the world was created by the LOGOS or WORD. Silent Deity]. the Beginning. and MICHAEL of water. To some. In the Talmud. God was admitted that the manifestations of the Supreme Being. Tchimschiel. Powers of Good and Evil. SON or CHRIST. the MORALS AND DOGMA. Tammael. the Root or Germ of the Universe. founder of the Gnostic faith. the beginning of creation was by the emanation of a ray of LIGHT. The Primitive THOUGHT. Existences. as were the multitude of Subordinate Intelli- gences. real and distinct beings. Intelligences. every country. Ancient of Days. to some one or more of whom [without any immediate creative act on the part of the Great Immovable. We have spoken of those imagined by the Persians and the Kabalists.2/O by. We have already spoken of many of the speculations on this point. Spirits. and the Alohayim. by the square columns of this Degree. first manifestation of. or First Principle [Apx>]]> on e. a succession of INTELLI- GENCES.

uncreated. the genii of the stars called the Bull. or ings. elevated to the rank of genii. all of successive emanations His perfections. and still and always Him. Power] to which latter the Jews gave the name of Eipr/nj eousness] : and harmonious Greek letters. and the intelligences or ideas. the Serpent. the Moon. all analogous to Him. These personified attributes of Deity. Raphael. the Eagle. They emanated from and were again merged in God. there result . but more than what we now understand by the word ideas. or Calm] effect of . all Manifestations of the Deity were so many Creations. held that His identity was immutable . To the Essenes and the Gnostics. Peace. Jupiter. that the Ideas. and the Ass that formerly figured in the constellation Cancer. Elo'i. Oral. the Bear. of the Oriental mythology. [Eirene. as many particular Existences. the East and the West both devised this faith. Venus. The whole number was 365. the in all these creeds. the ator] : Demiourgos or Actual Cre- Michael.-. Wisdom} from it AiW^us : : and from it AIKCUOOWT/ [Dikaiosune. With the Ophites. nating God as manifested. and Mercury. the Dog. and Astaphai were the genii of Saturn. while admitting there different manifestations of the Supreme Being. there were seven inferior spirits [inferior to laldabaoth. expressed by the Gnostics. the Lion. were the UfHOTo-fovoz or First-born. Intellect] : from : it THE WORD] from it Qpovyai. Right[Dunamis. so many BeGod. Adonai. and Athaniel. is the Ormuzd of Ainsoph of the Kabalah. [PhroSoyia [Sophia. in by the mystic word ABPAHA-' [Abraxas] desig. a sect of the Gnostics. lao. They had a kind of middle existence be- tween our modern ideas. in the theory of Basilides. nothing without Him. the Nous of Platonism and Philonism. and symbolized respectively by those animals. These three hun- . God was without name. Suriel. And all these creeds. as laldabaoth. the essential characteristic of Divinity. Erataoth. 27! To Basilides. Conceptions. Thauthabaoth. Nous [Nous or Mind] from it : emanates Aoyo* [Logos. at first containing and concealing in Himself the Plenitude of His Perfections and when these are by Him displayed and manifested. or the aggregate of his manifestations but not the Supreme and Secret God Himself.KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST. or nesis. It the Sun. dred and sixty-five Intelligences compose altogether the Fullness or Plenitude [nAr/pw/xa] of the Divine Emanations. Gabriel. The WORD appears Zoroaster. and the Sophia or Demiourgos of the Gnostics.

Error. the rebellious Matter. against Darkness. the Genesis. the Unknown Father. . Those who held that everything emanated from God. Darkness. which they considered as the source of all evils. and two adverse re-entered into God. audacious against the could be animated only by the low communication of a principle of divine life. and Death. among those emanations were Principles. eternal Matter. We are continually reminded gle of Light. this second Principle was Matter. realizing therein the ideas communicated to Him by that Intelligence. It paints. was universal. That was Plato's distinction between the Being [TO ov] and the perpetual flow of things inces- and permanent. Good and Evil. cre. Matter that does not partake of God. believed that. It resists the influences that would spiritualize it. the mother and dwelling-place of Satan. by whomever written. or Supreme and Eternal God. To many ating visible things. always the same santly changing. To Philo and the Platonists. happy in the perfect purity of His being the other. . shapeless. that inert. with the strongest colors that the Ori- ental genius ever employed. In Egypt. there were two Principles. That resisting Power is Satan. and Evil personified in that between the New Religion on one side. while in Egypt it assumed the form of Greek speculation. with its sad attributes. as agent of the Supreme Intelligence. In their theory. and Good. there was a Soul of the world. The Apocalypse or Revelations. darksome mass. So the Persians and Sabeans understood it. a second was admitted. and which sometimes excel His conceptions. aspired to God. matter Intellectual Principle ness. belongs to the Orient and to extreme antiquity. It is a particular application of the ancient myth of Ormuzd and his Genii against Ahriman and his Devs and it celebrates the final triumph of Truth against the combined powers of men and demons. as the word was used by the Platonic School. and Paganism and Judaism on the other. of Light and Darkness. The ideas and imagery are borrowed from every quarter and allusions are found in it to the doctrines of all ages. living in the centre of the Light. active in its Empire of DarkEmpire of Light.272 MORALS AND DOGMA. In the former. It reproduces what is far which He older than itself. the closing scenes of the great strug- and Truth. Vacuity. but executes without comprehending them. and active in them. The belief in dualism in some shape. This prevailed in Central Asia and in Syria. . .

foreshadow the Eons of Gnosticism. . and the Gnosis. remind us of the Mysterious Chiefs of Judaism. which regards some of the lower animals as so many Devs or vehicles of Devs. to vast crowd of indistinct abstractions. and the Gnosis. the Ainsoph of the Kabalah and the Carpistes [Kap7rm/s] of the Gnostics. are the Seven Amshaspands of Parsism as the Twenty-four Ancients. of the earth by a good angel. Time illimitable. . Christian. and is. The depths for a time his of Satan which no man can measure his triumph by fraud and violence his being chained by an angel reprobation and his precipitation into a sea of metal his . and the final triumph of pure and holy The guardianship men. Philo. as faith. the whole conflict of the Good ideas Spirits or celestial armies against the alike in the bad . are so many and designations found balah. everywhere the first instruments of the Divine Will and Vengeance. Zend-Avesta. that ginning and the end He that was. Thus the Human mind for ages. offering to the Supreme Being the first supplications and the first homage. is invested with the characteristics of the Ormuzd and Sosiosch of the Zend-Avesta. e. and acting so important a part throughout. at the opening of the Grand Drama. of the twenty-four Elders are. . duce the twenty-four Good Spirits created by Ormuzd and in- closed in an egg. 2/3 of the Zend-Avesta. Persian and white raiments. He is at once Alpha and Omega. the signs of a lofty perfection and divine labored and struggled and tortured itself purity. and repro. is Zoroaster's definition of Zerouane-Akt. the Jewish Codes. First-born of Creation and of the Resurrection. are the same victory of Good over Evil. The idea that the true Initiates and Faithful become Kings and Priests. for which the whole Orient looked. is at once And the definition of Persian. The Seven Spirits surrounding the Throne of the Eternal. to explain to itself what it felt. and is to come. Jewish.KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST. herene. The in the gold. without confessing it. the renewing of the earth and heavens. The Christ of the Apocalypse. A . and Gnostic. the bethe Supreme Being. names of the Serpent and the Dragon . the Ka- We even find in the Apocalypse that singular Persian idea. hovering be inexplicable..

do it. so that the . and restoration of Man to his first estate. was the result. God is great. and Pharisees did not dare to deny John's inspiration but had extended to Asia Minor. They must be consistent with God's goodness. before not even heard. the incarnate Word. Ainsoph of the Kabalah. but we know that. the Ormuzd of Zoroaster. Behold the object. These old controversies have died away. Reason. an But one grand idea ever emerged and stood prominent and unin the imagination. or Power of Deity. "Word. his doctrine . must be a mode of explaining them. by a Redeemer. This Redeemer is the Word or Logos. if we could but find it out. Evil and pain and sorrow are temporary. words embodying no tangible meaninextricable labyrinth of subtleties. the People of the East is abundantly shown by the Gospel of John and the Letters of Paul wherein scarcely anything seemed necessary to be said in proof that such a Redeemer was to come but . they greatly resembled those of greater purity and more nearly perfect. and infinite perfection and there . as their doc- trines were taught by John the Baptist. purity. and had made converts in luxurious Ephesus. a train of changeable over the weltering chaos of confusion. assuming the Human form and redeeming the world. the result. the end. . and wise. the ultimate annihilation of evil.2/4 MORALS AND DOGMA. taught by Jesus and that not only Palestine was full of John's disciples. and for wise and beneficent purposes. of which they had Priests . Of the practices of the former we gain but glimpses in the ancient writers. as. and was God. in all ways we will endeavor to do. Good will preGod alone can do this. and the old faiths have . and Evil be overthrown. the Anointed or Consecrated One. of the great speculations and logomachies of antiquity. and He will vail. a Masayah. a Christos. Ultimately. in anticithe pation of the appearance and advent of the Word or Redeemer is symbolized and the mysterious esoteric teachings of the Essenes . by an Emanation from Himself. as it also had in Alexandria in Egypt and that they readily embraced the Christian faith. and by Whom everything was made." Masayah. In this Degree the great contest between good and evil. the energies of the writers are devoted to showing that Jesus was that Christos whom all the nations were expecting the all . and good. That He was looked for by all the . and the Cabalists. the Nous of Platonism and Philonism He that was in the Beginning with God. ing.

Persia. and as John tho . theKabalah. simple. . And these doctrines. from Plato and Pythagoras. and through the fires of persecution. that Light will finally overcome Darkness. Good conquer Evil. Those truths were gathered by the Essenes from the doctrines of the Orient and the Occident. Masonry has garnered up in her heart of hearts. and Syria. That God is One. Temple. and undeniable as Light. 2/5 strong. universally-acknowledged truths. and the storms of calamity. the Truth separated from Error. Phoenicia. vigorous and was taught in the schools of Alexanteaching the same old truths as the Essenes taught by the shores of the Red Sea. faded into oblivion. from Greece and Egypt. the wheat sifted from the chaff.KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST. unchangeable. Baptist preached in the Desert: truths imperishable as the Deity. you may the more value and appreciate the plain. Hence we are called Knights of the East and West. these. and the Schools. which have in all ages been the Light by which Masons have been guided on their way the Wisdom and Strength that like imperishable columns have sustained and will continue to sustain its glorious and magnificent . immutable. . the Gnostics. Those speculations and fancies it is useful to study that knowing in what worthless and unfruitful investigations the mind may engage. sublime. because their doctrines came from both. infinitely just and good. from the Zend-Avesta and the Vedas. are the religion and Philosophy of Masonry. has brought them and delivered them unto us. and from the Holy Books of the Jews. from India. rejecting all the wild and useless speculations of the Zend-Avesta. and Truth be victor over Error. as when philosophy dria and under the Portico But Masonry still survives.

and the men of Gebal.] EACH of us makes such applications to his own faith and creed. to sit together as Masters. other. 'KNIGHT ROSE CROIX. to work by the side of the Hebrews to whom those Gods abomination . of the symbols and ceremonies of this Degree. those of the first Charles. while the walls of the first tem- ple arose . as seems to him proper. and others still the annual descent of the Sun at the winter Solstice to the regions of darkness. the basis of many an ancient legend so the ceremonies . worshippers of Deities. could Masonry possess its character of Univerwhich has ever been peculiar to it from its different origin and which enables two Kings. and being offended at the interpretation of no . King of England . way that character . others those of the unfortunate Grand Master of the Templars others . bowing down to the Phoenician \vere Gods. In no other sality . . and to sit with them in the same Lodge as 276 brethren. Like the legend of the Master Khurum. of this Degree receive different explanations each interpreting them for himself. [Prince Rose Croix. in which some see figured the condemnation and sufferings of Christ.XVIII. With these special interpretations we have here nothing to do.

the suffer a painful death. . is developed and trans- . was cradled and educated among Shepherds. and plunged in misery and darkness. ordered all the male children to be slain. rose again. an Ahriman. that. . All believed in a future life. was Buddha. acles. by whom the Evil Principle was to be overcome. primitive men met in no Temples made with human hands. the Hindoo Redeemer. the first Martyr. a Typhon. . and first falling themselves. ." In terious sky. a Siva. They recognized the existence of a single uncreated Priesthood all selves inspired God. Those who so associated themselves formed a Society of Prophets under the name of Samaneans. Kioun-tse the Persians. meek and lowly descended to Hell. to be attained by purification and trials in a state or successive states of reward and punishment and in a Mediator or Redeemer. vians. . "dwelleth not in Temples The made with hands. in whose bosom everything. Chrishna. Balder. mir- The first Masonic Legislator whose memory preserved to us by history. "God. The belief was general. The Indians called him Chrishna Chinese. and was gin . a Lok. or a Satan. and brought sin into the world. who believes in God. and adored the God of Light of that Light was to them the type of Good. say his He washed the feet of the Brahof spirit. A Tyrant.KNIGHT ROSE CROIX. by supposing the existence of a Principle of Evil. in the great the open air. reformed the religion of Manous. Sosiosch the Chaldeans. He was born of a Virgift of his disciples to teach his doctrines. to every one. they uttered their vows^ . All antiquity solved the enigma of the existence of Evil. mins. Love and the Scandina. tempted man to his fall. even raising the dead. who. legends. soul's immortality. . of Demons. Har-Oeri Plato. without distinction of caste. as darkness was the type of Evil. under the overarching mysWorld-Temple. that He was to be born of a Virgin. 277 You have and the already learned that these. and the Supreme Deity reconciled to His creatures. about a thousand years before the Christian era." said Stephen. fallen Angels. Dhouvanai the Egyptians. .grows. that and thanksgivings. ceremonies have one gen- eral significance. at the time of his birth. of every faith. ascended to Heaven. He called to the men. who felt themby God to instruct men. charged and gave them the is He performed miracles.

For. But their blood fertilized the new doctrine. His feasts were those of the Solstices. Their doctrines resembled the Ancient Sabeism. exterminated its followers. becoming young fallen. united together against Buddhism. Man had but not by the tempting of the serpent. and being the faith of Hiram the King and his namesake the With them. with the Phoenicians. unless slain by violence. the Stars. and whose different gods were but incarnations of the Sun. and Baal and Malakarth representations of the Sun and Stars as the adored Heaven and Moon. in Hebrew." said the Chinese Lao-Tseu. and Japan. was Divine Nature. With holding his tail the head of a in his mouth. visible monuments of the remotest ages. The Brahma. the Moon. the serpent was deemed to partake of the Divine Nature. by the planetary Divinand communicated by the Demi-gods. and generation and thence a race of men. and with the aid of Despotism. "a single Being existed. written in astral characters. fleeing to the name of Gymnosophists Ireland. solid and unshaken as at first. Gnostics took him ior their good genius. that preceded the birth of Heaven and Earth. and there erected the round towers. and was sacred. all MORALS AND DOGMA. Hence the Serpent in a an emblem of eternity. China. the latter word. as he was in Egypt. covered with came the WORD. are of interest to all Masons. The Phoenician Cosmogony. of God. a dark air. "Before the chaos. children of its who Supreme Being. like all others in Asia. and a symbol of the sun. to be propagated by them among men. half spiritual. The doctrines of Buddha pervaded India.2/8 formed. the First PrinArtist. on which the Israelites looked hawk he was of a Hence one Sect of the and lived. professing a dark and bloody creed. Priests of . Humanity. circle. and hence the brazen serpent reared by Moses in the Desert. again in his old age. was the Word ities. The worship of this God reposed upon the obedience of the beings He created. animated and ciple to the brighter intelligences of impregnated by the thick darkness. and thence creation light. some of which still stand. this and a disordered chaos. planted their doctrines there. From . by entering into and consuming himself. and the Ether. brutalized by Superstition. which produced a new Society under and a large number. im- . spirit . was half material. He was deemed to be immortal. as a profound mystery. Chryspr was the great igneous power of Nature. meaning Queen.

Shades. Intelligence cannot comprehend. "He whom able things that man adores. the first of the Heavenly Gods and Goddesses." This the Ormuzd of Zoroaster." said Arius. the uniform countenance who dispose rod the numerous lights of Heaven. worship me with proper ceremonies. of Plato and Philo. through whose Power the nature of Intelligence can be understood. and the mournful silence of the dead whose single Queen with of the . ." The Hindu Vedas thus define the Deity: "He who surpasses speech. Isis the Queen. "in whom 19 . the . and He alone. through whose power He is Brahma and not these perishable things that man adores. the salubrious breezes my of the sea. know name of that Being-. know thou that create the called "When God resolved to "He made a Being that He to the human race. Heaven in Reason.KNIGHT ROSE mense and it CROIX. the most exalted of the Deities. Brahma and not these "He who cannot be . Wisdom. "Nature parent of all things. and through whose power speech is expressed. and not these perishable things that man adores. know thou that He is Brahma. the sovereign of the Elements. be heard by the organ of hearing." says Isis." "I am. the mother of not the the Universe. but I designate by the word Reason. perceived by the organ of smelling. "He who cannot be seen by the organ of sight. know thou that He is "He who cannot . 279 silent. I immutable and always acting. The WORD. the Divine Reason. end that is WORD the Noij? Gnostics. and the organ of smelling smells. and through whose power the organ of seeing sees. the earth in Heaven. and Reason in itself. The Son. the Ainsoph of the Kabalah. the primitive progeny of Time. know thou that He is Brahma and not these perishable things that man adores. know thou that He is Brahma and not these perish. and call me by my true name. . skilled in ancient lore." perishable things that man adores. The Egyptians. the Wisdom or Dcmiourgos of the this That is the True Word. the knowledge of which our ancient brethren sought as the priceless reward of their labors on the Holy Temple: the Word of Life. with various and by many names. and through whose power the organ of hearing hears. say the sages. Divinity the whole world venerates in rites many forms. Man has his model in the earth. Being might give existence to men.

. or Power. and the Word was God. a stone was taken up. on which lay a roll or book. is the peculiar duty of every Mason. he then addresses was Jesus Christ. His Image is the WORD [Logos]. the Word this word was [i-pos rov 0eov] first emanation from God : and was God Himself. and in action. being let down by a rope. . into which one of the laborers. He . that when the Emperor Julian undertook to rebuild the Temple. /. . And the : first read thus "When sentence. Life. polemic against the Gnostics plain that John's Gospel is a and." It is an old tradition that this passage was from an older work. and the Word was near to God. or Archetype of Light. and that Life the Light of men" "which long shone in darkness. and the darkness did not contain it. wrapped in And a fine linen cloth. To Philo the Jew. All things were made by Him.28O MORALS AND DOGMA. as to the Gnostics. "In the beginning. was the foregoing However this may have been. of creation or evolu- tion of existences inferior to the came near it into existence to God . This WORD dwells in God Intelligence that the Supreme Being frame? for Himself the fill ." says the extract from some older work. in capital passage. with which John commences his Gospel. that covered the mouth of a deep square cave. Source whence the rays emanate that illuminate Souls. and the darkness comprehended it not. And by that Word everything that is was created. whole existence. the Supreme Being was the Primitive Light. and was and the immediate or : Supreme God began. by means of His Word. and without Him was not anything made that was made. Wisdom. would the process of emanation. was . In Him was Life. He is the Soul of the World. Philostorgius and Nicephorus state. and his forces himself fills and bounds his and penetrate everything. fully rendered into our language. a form more brilliant than fire. "was the Word. and the life was the Light of man and the light shineth in darkness. e. and as such acts everywhere. developed or manifested in that particular mode. stating at the outset the current it is doctrine in regard to the creation by the himself to show and urge that this Word Word. which for it is within His is not pure light. found in the centre of the floor a cubical pillar. immortal. in which." the Infinite Reason that is the Soul of Nature. of which the Word of this Degree reminds us and to believe wherein and revere it." And thus Tertullian says that God made the World out of nothing. letters.

the Primitive THOUGHT. And also.KNIGHT ROSE Types of Ideas of all CROIX. Son of Isis and Osiris. Chief and General Representative of all Intelligences the Archangel. Unknown all secret and Father of the Gnostics. From Him. and over whom Har-Oeri. the Genius of Evil. the of Divine Life. The Supreme Being of the Egyptians was Amun. Him was rise again. Sun. in the always at feud with the spirit that flowed from the Deity. he is the protector of Men and their Shepherd. and . that in which he was the image of the Word. ema: nated Neith. . Source of all moral and physical world. as compared with the Material World is The WORD the Vehicle by which . . the Source all. the type of Man . The actual condition of Man is not his primitive condition. the Redeemer. the existence of which God has allowed solely to furnish him with the means of exercising his free will. even those of Mortals . These ideas are borrowed from Plato. is finally to prevail. and of force. 28\ that is to assume reality in the Universe. deemed Of Good to be this Supreme Being. a concealed God.Time withont limit. But he may everything . the primitive man is himself." or Son of Man. type and representative of all spirits. No origin could be assigned to Him . the Satan of Gnosticism. and constant foe of Typhon. as first representative of the human race. for He was enveloped in His own Glory. the "Ben H'Adam. . the original Light. brute matter. the FORCE that puts everything in movement. In the Zend-Avesta of the Persians the Supreme Being is . by following the teachings of Heavenly Wisdom. Evil. ZERUANE AKHERENE. by the utterance of a Word. the Deity of Light and Mother of the Osiris was the image.but acts in the place of God and through him act all the Powers and Attributes of God. His unruly passions have caused him to fall from his original lofty estate. the Divine Mother of all things. and the Angels whom God commissions to aid him in escaping from the entanglements of the body and by fighting bravely against . the Plenitude of comprehend. ing all things in Himself. the SPIRIT everywhere extended. God acts on the Universe the World of Ideas by means whereof God has created visible things the more Ancient God. And this WORD not only the Creator ["by made that was made"] . He creates nothing but everything emanates from Him and all other Gods are but his manifestations.

kindle to Him ate no fire. all the powers of the Supreme Being. who. These doctrines. is its and wielding and embodied ciple. there was in man a pure Prin- proceeding from the Supreme Being. a Holy and Sacred Beand Knowledge. pieme Being. Apollonius of Tyana says "We shall render the most appropri: worship to the Deity. the Triumph of or principle of Evil. But pure souls are assisted by the Good Spirits. mencement of Creation was by emanation from Him. : The Law : of Ormuzd will everywhere happy enjoying an unalterable will unite with Sosiosch in singing the praises of the Subliss. Sosiosch. Tempted by Ahriman. and the period of that triumph will infallibly arrive. produced by the Will of and Word Ormuzd. Strength. Chief of the it Three. the Dragon. with some modifications. Himself Time without limit. the pure Spirits will conduct man. ing. At the moment when the earth shall be most afflicted with the the evils Good will brought upon it by the Spirits of perdition. After the universal resurrection of the Good. the first man and woand for twelve thousand years there was to be war between Ormuzd and the Good Spirits created by him. and all the world. by the WORD. Principle is determined upon in the decrees of the Supreme Being. when to that God whom we call the First. even of that natures more exalted than ours could The . Intelligence in its purity. we present no offerings whatever.282 MORALS AND DOGMA. and from this Light emerged Ormuzd. were adopted by the Kabalists and afterward by the Gnostics. the King of Light. and after whom we recognize the others. and separate from all. Intelli- His Nature and Attributes were so inaccessible to human but the object of a silent veneration. give. man had fallen . and restore to its primitive Beauty. and Purity. three Prophets appear to bring assistance to mortals. that of Ahriman. To that was united an impure principle. that He was The comThe first World emanation was the Primitive Light. proceeding from a foreign influence. his evil them to an abode of Demons. as taught many centuries before our era. created the Preserver and Judge. all men will be all. who is One. and Ahriman and the Evil ones whom he had called into existence. dedicate to all Him no sensible thing. in the Zend-Avesta. eternal happiness. He will judge the good and the wicked. Ahrirule will be purified in a tor- rent of liquid burning metal. for he needs nothing. will regenerate the world. gence. In this Persian faith.

the water and the land. we must of the spirit seek for blessings. From the most Glorious of all Beings. and expect signs from : God in dreams. is at . and con- sider alone. and in books but a just so. In such retreats the devout should lay themselves down to sleep. 283 earth produces no plant. which releases itself from the bonds of matter. we shall been divinely said and since it is probable that philosophy and the arts have been several times. and have even represented them under the figure of other beings. that the first Essences are Gods. they tissue of papyrus. in the train of which fictions followed many more of the same sort. . which needs no organ. that which we call the Heavens." Porphyry says : "By images addressed to sense. as in need not wonder if the ignorant a book. the air nourishes no animal. This Highest Being should be worshipped. nothing in tablets but wood. seems to be born . and reunited with the one Divine Essence. it from all this. I the silent inner word is not expressed by the mouth. the World. in these types." Aristotle says "It has been handed down in a mythical form. namely. so far as that is possible. such doctrines may have been preserved find that this has to our times as the remains of ancient wisdom. by that which is most glorious in ourselves that is the spirit." us . and is caught up by matter. that there are Gods. seems to die. There is. But if. which would not be impure in his sight. and that The Divine compasses entire nature. All besides this has been added. that. there is in short nothing. We are ignorant of writing see nothing in monuments but stone. again. and for the interest of the laws and the advantage of the State. without any visible image. the Nature of things. and Strabo says: "This one Supreme Essence is that which embraces all. that birth and death are only in appearance that which separates itself from the one substance (the one Divine essence). after the mythical style." who Apollonius of Tyana held. the ancients typified the represented God and his powers by the visible they invisible for those who had learned to read. we separate the original principle. consider the images to be nothing more than wood or stone for . . which ing ourselves to Him.KNIGHT ROSE CROIX. a treatise on the Gods. Thus men have given to the Gods human forms. in sacred groves. In address- mean. from the earliest times to posterity. for the purpose of persuading the multitude. that. we must use only the higher word. found and lost.

as nearest akin to Himself. communicated. exalted above all the world of Gods. Platonists' idea of God. to which no soul can rise. unchangeable. properly speaking. suffers. of . is expanded and becomes knowable. an alteration between becoming visible and becoming inIn all there is. This Supreme Entity can be known only by an intellectual intuition of the Spirit. for properly can be attributed to Him the Supreme Essence . that perfection. identified with it. by looking at that truly . itself . and at the head of all. MORALS AND DOGMA. when they deprive Him of what . simplest principle. In these Gods.284 . or such a revelation of the latter to the spirit raised above itself.lxs. . was that of One Simple Origiplurality and all becoming. The absorption superexistence (rd r^c otWac). but the one essence. most. transscending itself. a distinction of subject and object. They are the mediators between man (amazed and stupefied by manifoldness) and the Supreme Unity. no self-contemplation can be ascribed inasmuch as to do so. The New Platonists substituted the idea of the Absolute. which. eternal [E?c &v &t TW wv rb only lore TO xara TOUTOV 6Wftc dft 7:7rtyf)(oxe xal [JLOVOV <iuu]: from whom all Existence in its several gradations has emanated The New nal Essence. the #v. was regarded as the highest end which the spiritual life ir.iva so of the Spirit into that as to be entirely could reach. by a transcendent state of feeling. to this abstraction what the mind would receive as a reality. as the first. as it were. ante- which nothing determinate can be predicated to which no consciousness. which alone acts and Eternal God. neither : who disbelieves the miraculous. and emancipating itself from its own limits. whom men by becoming all things to all the wrong. with a certain mysticism. simply as the . for knows God. except by the loftiest flight of contemplation and after it has rid itself from all that pertains to sense from all manifoldness. by means of which men thought to arrive at the conception of such an absolute. was united rior to all existence. only. which in the Supreme Essence was inclosed and unevolved. being first. This mere logical tendency. Philo says "He miraculous. visible. They serve to exhibit in different forms the image of that Supreme Essence. would immediately imply a quality. and transfer it to other names and persons. nor has he ever sought after Him otherwise he would have understood. the true Being.

and those who know God He only in his mediate revelation through his operation s. disengaging itself attains to the intellectual intuition of this Ab- whom. beyond all from the Sensible." am the LIGHT of the world he that followeth Me shall not . "is neither the object of sense. as some are apt to seated above the world. the miracle of the Universe. in His immediate self-manifestation.ch as declares Himself in creation in the revelation 'still veiled in the letter of Scripture those. having by means of contemplation raised themselves to the highest Being. but being Himself all in all. who In His body He is like the light. it passion. it can predicate nothing but existence. The universal.. But the truly miraculous has familiarity. or attained to a knowledge of Him. He sees all the beings that fill His Him. the Absolute of Platonism. rather than of the True Being." So said . on the con- trary. the Light of Heaven. that these miracles (in God's providential guidance of His people) are but child's play for the become despised through Divine Power. however. 285 great and awe-inspiring sight. only intelligible." says Pythagoras. in and by itself. There is . He is fuseth itself over all the universal spirit that pervades and difnature. beyond the orb of the Universe imagine. yet. By and wholly transcendental and the mere Being [6V] the Good. transports us with amazement. the LIFE. He orders and disposes everything "I He is the REASON. was sublimated to a . the exclusion of every human something devoid of all attributes." In opposition to the anthropopathism of the Jewish Scriptures. and supremely intelligent. immensity. . He produces everything. the mind. All beings receive their life from but one only God. and the MOTION of all being. but shall have the LIGHT OF LIFE. who is not. the Father of all. although in itself insignificant.KNIGHT ROSE CROIX. (ov). was substituted for the personal Deity [mrP] of the Old Testament. through our love of novelty. of created existence. are the sons of the Logos. and consider this to be the Supreme God . between those who are Thus Philo makes a distinction proper sense Sons of God. but invisible. in short. By soaring up? ward. who attach themselves simply to the Logos. "God. the Alexandrian Jews endeavored to purify the idea of God from all admixture of the Human. and sets aside all other determinations as not answering in the to the exalted nature of the Supreme Essence. solute Being. nor subject to passion. and in His soul He re- sembles truth. walk in DARKNESS. the only Principle.

and perfection consisted space. which penetrates everything. pure Intelligences of the other worlds. The Seven Kings of Evil Then the Creator took from fell. He descended upon Mount Sinai. and Ferouers of the Persians are the tutelary guardians of In the beginning. name According to the Kabalah. the Ancient King of Light. Man fell. ex- isting in this Light. formed around first . and shot forth His and principle of everything that exists. say the sacred writings of the Jews. or maniemanation. Asian. in a pillar of cloud. God revealed and subsisted only in Him. filled all Before the creation of worlds. Before all things. Founder of the Christian Religion. seduced by the Evil Spirits most remote from the Great King of Light those of the fourth world of spirits. to give them light. His attributes were there reproduced with various modifications and in different degrees so that the Universe was His Holy Splendor. He withdrew within Himself. Izeds. all was unison and harmony full of the same divine light and perfect purity. who. in the midst of a bush. in a pillar of fire. which was not consumed. The world was His Revelation.286 the MORALS AND DOGMA. Him avoid space. His Mantle. the Seven Kings the principles of Good and of Light. . God. frequently given to the Creator in the in the Jewish Scriptures. resolved to display fest His perfections. the PRIMITIVE LIGHT was no void. by day. "Call you on the of your Gods. like the Amshaspands. uniting both the generative and conceptive power. whose chief was Belial. He was to be adored in silence . as the smoke of a furnace. a title the more remarkable. THE ANCIENT OF DAYS. When the Supreme Being. so that there in a nearer approach to Him. by night." . He went before the children of Israel. everything that exists has emanated from a source of infinite light. that answereth by fire." said Elijah the Prophet to the Priests of "and I will call upon the name of ADONAI and the God Baal. because it is Zend-Avesta. and. and the Universe was troubled. existed the Primitive Being. and without which nothing could subsist for an instant. and occurs . : . as according to the doctrines of Zoroaster. a ray of light them in worlds. as His words are reported by John the Apostle. and divided them among the four worlds of Spirits. giving to the first three man. let him be God. and in the Code of the Sabeans. They wage incessant war against the the cause . appeared to Moses in a FLAME OF FIRE.

Good. them them from the gross envelopes of matter that hold and strengthen the ray of light or nature which they have preserved. the true knowledge of Deity. 287 Pure Intelligences. united in love and harmony. and as the young bird escapes from its shell. will re-animate bliss. and these Spirits enveloped in darkness shall long and in vain have endeavored to absorb the Divine light and life. overcome and vanquished. "The Soul of the True Christian. receives from Him the Spirit and Divine Life. like that of is led God and if it so completes its earthly career. as contradis- tinguished from Evil and it is that Light. in charity." You see. chastity. Still Masonry marches steadily onward toward that Light that shines in the great distance. in a pure and holy life. as contradistinguished : from darkness. while to the fourth were vouchsafed only some feeble glimmerings of light. the advancement of ." You see why the EAST of the Lodge. the Gnostic. is Light. and made like unto the Angels in Heaven. by a Redeemer or Messiah. Name of the Deity overhangs the Master. it will one day be disengaged from its material envelope. row. Marcion. yet to come. and man's self]. to whom it has long been a stranger. the Eternal Good. then will the Eternal Himself come to correct them. . what is the meaning of Masonic "Light. it will share in the bliss of the Good and Perfect Father. where the initial letter of the . Hope [in the victory over evil. by this gift. with three that have already been explained to you.KNIGHT ROSE the CROIX. The Degree of Rose %t teaches three things the unity. When the strife between these and the good angels shall have continued the appointed time. my brother. appeared. said. if he has not already It replaces the three pillars of the old Temple. mankind. Like the angels. and Life and Light be the one law of the Universe. and sanctity. as the ripe grain is detached from the straw. and re-establish spiritual throughout the Universe that primitive Harmony which was its will deliver He captive. immutability and goodness of God the immortality of the Soul and the ultimate defeat and extinction of evil and wrong and sor. shall fade away and disappear forever. . is the place of Light. for which Masons in all ages have sought. and its eternal Harmony. It and confirmed. the Light of that day when Evil. adopted as a child by the Supreme Being. Faith [in God. re-clothed in an aerial body or organ.

and Charity [relieving the wants. and starving. and the true supports of every Masonic Temple. and the rest of Ahriman's and Typhon's army make a Pandemonium this world. of ill . willing to labor. nor man paused in the sad task of torturing and murdering his brother. plaintively for work. to be indulgent these. in an age of selfishness. and sycophancy and servility fawn and thrive where the cry of the widow and the orphan starving for want of food. For he only is wise who judges others opinion of nature. and violence and rapine go unpunished. and lets the seducer go free where the success of a party justifies murder. to be hopeful. since its making. sunk in sin. the grief of the Jews at the fall of Jerusalem. and bitter judgment. The third apartment represents the consequences of sin and .288 MORALS AND DOGMA. and the brethren bowed down in the deepest dejection. and of which ambition. rises ever to Heaven from a million miserable hovels. of harsh charitably . : hatred. represents the world under the tyranny of persecuted and vice rewarded where the righteous starve for bread. and a hereafter]. where freedom hides in caves and mountains. they and their children and the wives of their bosoms. avarice. it is the right of each to do so. and learning and genius serve. envy. lust. where. where virtue is . our fellows and ourself. And they are the old pillars of the Temple under different names. If any see in it also a type of the sorrow of the Craft for the death of Hiram. To be trustful. or the world's agony and pangs of woe at the death of the Redeemer. the misery of the Templars at the ruin of their order and the death of DeMolay. and after death brave funeral and a splendid mausoleum this world. when . where King and Priest trample on liberty and the rights of conscience. the pampered capitalist stops his mills where the law punishes her who. and the wicked live sumptously and dress in purple and fine linen where insolent ignorance the Principle of Evil . beg rules. where men. war has never ceased. and shivering with cold. steals a loaf. Humanity. receives office and honor in life. are the most important Masonic Virtues. : clamorous with sorrow and misery. is no The second apartment. clothed in mourning. . the columns of the Temple shattered and prostrate. . human beauty like he only is strong who is hopeful and there a firm faith in God. . and where he who with many years' cheating and grinding the faces of the poor grows rich. reeking with baseness. and tolerant of the errors and faults of others]. . starving.

hatred. CROJX. it is not important to inquire has been practised in different It is of very high antiquity. or the Hell of the Christians. of its three chief virtues. Hope and Charity. remorse and misery shall be no more forever when the great plans of Infinite Eternal Wisdom shall be fully developed and all God's creatures. If we were to examine all the different ceremonials. this When Degree had its origin. peace. and induce men to live as in the primitive times of the world. fruit. charity. their see that all emblems. any see in it also a typo of the Hades of the Greeks. we should that belongs to the primitive and essential elements is of the order. Faith. lib- erality. to advance the cause of virtue. virtue. it nor with what different rites countries and at various times. no other end. The fourth apartment represents the Universe. and brilliant with the true Light that flows from the Supreme Deity If . the Tartarus of the Romans. and wrong. or an allusion to any past occurrence. by its fiery passions. labor here to of brotherly love and universal benevolence. anger. for the ex- . and every other kind of vice. to exercise the profession of medicine charitably and without fee. 269 and the hell made of the human heart. His goodness and beneficence are infinite as His power. To all of us they typify the universal rule of Masonry. They took their philosophy from the old Theology of the Egyptians. seeing that all apparent evil and individual suffering and wrong were but the drops that went to swell the great river of infinite goodness. or only of the agonies of remorse and the tortures of an upbraiding conscience. Let each apply its symbols as he pleases. Its : ceremonies differ with the degrees of latitude and longitude. temperance and chastity : and scrupulously to avoid im- purity. cheerfulness. when of the peculiar mysteries of any faith or creed. like us. enlarge the sciences. Their principal rules were. haughtiness. . and borrowed its hiero- glyphics and the ciphers of the Hebrews. shall know that vast as is the power of Deity. as Moses and Solomon had done. We The fulfill obligations of our Ancient Brethren of the Rose tg< were to all the duties of friendship. freed from the insolent dominion and tyranny of the Principle of Evil. may produce All alike practise All labor. and pain and sorrow. and their formulas. and it receives variant interpretations. If any see in it a type sin . it is their right to do so. that it respected in every sanctuary. the Gehenna of the Hebrews. it is the right of each to do so. These symbols need no other interpretation.kNIGHT ROSE vice.

with a ring or circle over it]. as to the age . It is found upon all the enduring monuments of the world. or variance in the practice. If. or to remysteries. and then give them such further interpretation as you think fuse Masonry no longer. the development of the and sciences. the purification of arts man. Thoth or Phtha is represented on the oldest monuments carrying in his hand the Crux Ansata. For whenever the door of any Degree is closed against him who believes in one God and the soul's immortality. in Egypt. and the relief of humanity. in Assyria. Listen. pierced with arrows. The and built their temples in that form. and mysterious sciences. and are with us in the great put poses of our organization ? symbolic Degrees. To us therefore is the symbol of Life of that life . my brother. No Mason has the symbols of this Degree for another. upon it. that right to interpret the tion him its and commentary superadded. But its peculiar meaning in this Degree. in the peninsula of Sinai. it was the symbol of universal nature. it merely shows how gravely the purposes and plan of Masonry may be misunderstood. or the shade of color of the banner under which each tribe of Israel marched. It was life. until he has been purified at the altar of the None admit an adept Of what importance are differences of opinion and genealogy of the Degree. to our explanation of the symbols of the Degree.MORALS AND DOGMA. in Persia. brethren of a particular religious belief have been excluded from this Degree. ceremonial and liturgy. and on the Buddhist The Cross has been towers of Ireland. He is so seen on the double tablet of Shufu and Noh Shufu. in Hindostan. or Ankh. It was revered in Mexico. builders of the greatest of the Pyramids. anywhere. tirpation of vice. if all revere the Holy Arch of the symbolic Degrees. to their lofty philosophical knowledge. at Wady the hieroglyphic for Meghara. that Chrishna [a Tau cross. and with a triangle prefixed meant lifeit giving. is that given to it by the Ancient Egyptians. a sacred symbol from the earliest Antiquity. Buddha was its said to have died it Druids cut an oak into shape and held sacred. first and unalterable source of FreeMasonry if all revere our conservative principles. It was on a cruciform tree. was said to have expired. Pointing to the four quarters of the world. on account of the other tenets of his faith. if he will not take them with the explanaDegree is fit.

They interit thus. that of universal regeneration. Igne Natura renovatur Integra. The next Power to the Supreme God was decussated or figured in the shape of a Cross on the Universe.KNIGHT ROSE that CROIX. The four letters are the initials of the Hebrew words that represent the four elements laiumiui. and of that Eternal Life for which . inscribed on the Crux Ansata over the Master's Seat. [entire nature is preted est secrets of renovated by for uits it fire] : The Alchemical or Hermetic Masons framed this aphorism. the Dawn of Eternal Life which all Nations have hoped for by the advent of a Re: deemer. The sages of Antiquity connected it with one of the greatNature. Nour. Plato says. and therefore of the dawn of the first day. "He expressed him upon the Universe in the figure of the letter X. I need not repeat to you." Mithras signed his soldiers on the forehead with a . And the Jesare charged with having'applied to it this odious zxlomjustum necarc rcges impios. and more parand the Cross and Rose together ticularly of the resurrection are therefore hieroglyphically to be read. whom Sesostris-Ramses made one with Amun-Re. and lebeschah. the air. Igne nitrum roris invenitnr. and the representative of the RE meaning Sun or King. of the resurrection of Light and the renewal of life. 291 emanated from the Deity. The CROSS. the Son of God. The Eagle was the living Symbol of the Egyptian God Mendes or Menthra. to govern his To the word INRI. and of that humanity and charity that ought to distinguish a Knight of this Degree. many meanings have been assigned. the word Rose Croix. we all hope through our faith in God's infinite goodness. equity and impartiality are invariably conduct. The Pelican feeding her young is an emblem of the large and bountiful beneficence of Nature. . the dry earth. The ROSE was anciently sacred to Aurora and the Sun. The Christian Initiate reverentially sees in it the initials of the inscription upon the cross on which Christ suffered lesns Nazarenus Rex Indec- orum. X> was the Sign of the Creative Wisdom or Logos.tiie seas or water. fire Rouach. It is a symbol of Dawn. the God of Thebes and Upper Egypt. The Compass surmounted with a crown signifies that notwithstanding the high rank attained in Masonry by a Knight of the Sun. How we read it. of the Redeemer of fallen man.

the mysterious cycle of the Incar-t~y Resh united thus -p. and the interlaced triangle. it whispers to itself in its inmost depths. their ambitions and deeds. Some Demon seems to torture it with doubts. as found in Arius. Infinite Love founded whether it is indeed sure that a God of and Beneficence rules the Universe. oppressed ! by doubt and apprehension There is no human soul that is not sad at times. the reads. and was adopted by the Christians as a Sign. in the old Samaritan. Christi Nomina Sancta - Tcne'i. with us. and are clad in Lament. which they also mark with Crosses. of all that think at all of anything beyond the needs and interests of the body. The Vaishnavas of India have also the same Sacred Tau. it ing whether. And to which men and their sufferings and sorrows. in India. identical with the Cross of Christ. thus. tive badge of the Sect of Xac Japonicus is of Fo. the sad condition of the race. On a medal ~Q of Constantius is this inscription. } of the Lama of covered with these Crosses^. There is no There is perhaps none. stand. This is the Staff of Osiris. also. . that is not at times startled and terrified by the awful questions which. nations. thoughtful soul that does not at times despair. entered here amid gloom and into shadow. These two letters. excavated from the of Oojein and other ancient cities of India. askconvictions are true. J3J^ *" ^ *s ^ e ^g? ^Ar-r 1 Ar^ found on ancient coins and medals. )( the mark see the of 600. and his monogram. the first for 400. ")( et We constantly Tau and p." The Egyptians used as a Sign of their God Canobus. their hopes and joys. "In hoc " An inscription in the Duomo at Milan signo inctor eris yf. The Sectarian marks of the Jains are r^"*^* The distinc> ^% . or only some great remorseless Fate and iron Necessity. thus fy and with The vestments of the priests of Horus were triangles. hid in impenetrable gloom. and to crush all. among other mystic emblems. the second for 200=600. after is : certain that its it with despair. in this vale of tears ! ! Human the calamities of men and the agonies of nations the darkness of the bewildered soul. Thibet. are the mystic triangle. are of no more interest or importance than the motes that dance in the sunshine or a Being and its faith well . ruins This is also You the apparel of sorrow. On the ruins of Mandore. feeling as though it were a guilty thing for doing so.292 Cross. is MOfcALS AND DOGMA. a "f or a ^ indifferently. So was the dress .

powers. any capacity to improve. the Voice asks. the dog. argue with themselves. otherwise has ever done more than to utter nonsense than in degree? Who and incoherencies in regard to the difference between the instincts of the dog and the reason of Man ? The horse." the Demon man God that causes in intellect. Would that be a prize of any value to the vast majority? Do they show. made and organs. "but puppets in a show-box? O Omnipotent destiny. remember. dream. the vast swarms of the human race. "merely the inordinate vanity of to pretend to himself that he is like unto the beginning. adding indefinite extension to his passions ?" own faculties." the Voice that will not be always silent whispers. him now whispers. What is the intellect and intelligence of the man but the intellec>of the animal in a higher degree or larger quantity?" real explanation of a single thought of a dog. They think.KNIGHT ROSE that CROIX. as it was that which. by merely own shadow. any fitness for a state of existence in which . "has ever thoroughly satisfied himself with his own arguments in respect to his own nature? Who ever demonstrated to himself. and idly imagine that they resemble the Omnipotent. at him believe that he was. are as conscious of their identity as we are. and to live on forever after that shall have decayed ? Who ever has demonstrated or ever can demonstrate that the intellect of Man differs from that of the wiser animals. the elephant. and reason." the Tempter asks. all In the metaphysics will in be condensed. pull our strings gently Dance us mercifully off our miserable little stage!" ! "Is it not. devise. And with still more terrible significance. thy of or suited for an immortal life. the very his sympathies and passions. what respect the masses of men. plan. 293 amuses Himself with the incredible vanity and folly. here upon earth. dwelling only temporarily in the house and envel- ope of the body. and "Who. unintelin what respect they have proven themselves wor. in his bodily shape image of the Deity? Is not his God merely projected in gigantic outlines upon the clouds? Does he not create for himself a God out of himself. the writhings and contortions of the insignificant insects that compose Humanity. have proven themselves either wiser or better than the animals in lectual orbs whose eyes a higher intelligence shines than in their dull. "What are \ve. with a conclusiveness that elevated the belief to certainty. that he was an immortal spirit.

"does this savage. thanMahometanism. upon the earth. More than eighteen centuries have staggered away into the spectral realm of the Past. while John. as the wolf. to immense numbers of men. cheat the confiding. flesh. and thank God that they were not like other men? What. persecuting animal. since become a Religion of Hate might and His Doctrines are not yet even nominally accepted as true by a fourth of mankind. envy. proclaimed His coming wrath. and each. and the best of which wrangle. and sniff with selfrighteousness at the short-comings of others. and read the gloomy and dreary rec- ords of the old dead and rotten ages. but a . and gamble and thrive. since the darkness of idolatrous superstition settled down. have flocked up toward the eternal Throne of God. they could not crouch to power. merciless. Since His death. with few exceptions. and fattened on the "By what right. as it gained the power. and persecute. to receive His judgment? the Religion of Hate. Nicolaitans. and ply base avocations for profitable returns? Sadly we look around us. Heresies grew up before the Apostles died and God hated the . with the blood. until the soil of the whole Christian world was watered and whitened with the bones. persecuted the other. and the tiger are." whispers the Voice. would be the value of a Heaven where they could not lie and libel. that it died in total unbelief of all that we deem essential to Salvation ! What multitudinous myriads of souls. be clothed. its unconquerable rival. . and speculate. and wallow in sensual pleasures. and over-reach. of martyrs. or tyrannize over defenceless weakness in which they could not hate. was crucified. and exterminate in which they could not trade. at Patmos. sleep. and the mass of which care only to eat.2^4 MORALS AND DOGMA. what incalculable swarms of human beings have lived and . with what right does it endeavor to delude itself into the conviction that it is not an animal. the hyena. for seventeen long cen- turies. Christ. and entrap the unwary and . hate. and human ingenuity was taxed to its utmost to invent new modes by which tortures and agonies could be prolonged and made more exquisite. teaching the Religion of Love. to which the sufferings and writhings of others of its wretched kind furnish the most pleasurable sensations. and. thick and impenetrable. Sects wrangled. regard their own interests alone. The Religion of Love proved to be. and torture. as much and infinitely more the Re- ligion of Persecution. like hounds dreading the lash.

a spark of the and Reason. Each age re-enacts predecessors. Spirit. the whole of mankind. without any real meaning. The God of nineteen-twentieths of the Christian . hereafter. them. and God is thanked in the Churches for bloody butcheries. Soul. is the agreeable employment and amusement of man. a spirit destined to be immortal. and the stake. and a little lower than the Angels. To deprive other creatures of the life which God gave them. are crowned with laurels and receive ovations. the black and white commingled. savage. and the remorseits Where the crimes as well as the follies of less devastators. to expect a resurrection and an Eternity of existence. the pincers. That source of pleasure closed. the gibbet. all men except a few. are mere words. co-laborers with the horse and the ox. he can hate. are born to be mere beasts of burden. 295 essential Light. and this not only that we may eat their flesh for food. men exercise the ingenuities of on the animals and other livings things below them. Profoundly ignorant. Man ceases to persecute.KNIGHT ROSE somewhat CROIX. Immortality. when the persecuted become too numerous and strong. which are God? What other immortality than one of selfishness could this creature enjoy? Of what other is it capable? Must not immortality commence here and is not life a part of it? How shall death change the base nature of the base soul? Why have not those other animals that only faintly imitate the wanton. the same right as man has. who prides himself on being the Lord of Creation. armies of the armies of the despots cease to slay and ravage. the "Freedom" take their place. they think and reason For like the animals by the side of which they toil. Fire nobler. If he can no longer use the rack. slaughter and burn and ravish. Of age and in all others. luxuriously their cruelty enjoying the sensual beatitudes of Heaven. not one in ten thousand has any aspiIn thb rations beyond the daily needs of the gross animal life. in most countries. and still war licenses outrage and turns fruitful lands into deserts. but out of mere savage wantonness. see with pleasure the writhing agonies of those justly damned for daring to hold opinions contrary to his own. upon subjects totally beyond the compre- hension both of them and him. human cruelty and thirst for blood. and delight in the thought that he will. and. longer to submit to it. and slander. or a Heaven of Love? The world improves. God. even in "civilized" lands. even when swollen by plunder.

they only think they believe that there is another life. men do not it is the Statue of Venus. to take upon itself the burthens to be tamely borne for its tyrants. worshipped with the old Pagan ceremonies and ritualistic formulas. The kings need not make war upon It is only necesit. or at best Osiris. humanity still kneels. in their hearts believe that God is and shrink from His lightnings They and dread His wrath. and a punishment for sin. "Your property will be safe here. fear vast majority of mankind." said the Moslem "There are no Christians here. Church that was 'a become the Virgin Mary. hated by the wise. to law. in infi- Tyrant on his Throne. under another name. Moloch. If a Republic occasionally rises like a Star.296 MORALS AND DOGMA. nite space. . It is the Statue of Olympian Jove. to crush it out of their way. despair of scepticism. the lower strata of the populace are equally The others have. imagined God. and it soon lays violent hands upon itself. the Despot need only be. avowed. link itself. To curse Humanity. or half-veiled as rationalism. as Mohammedanism. and which yet they do not believe. Yet they will none the less persecute as Infidels and Atheists those who do not believe what they themselves imagine they believe. Over more than three-fourths of the habitable globe. Shall the braggart shout For some blind glimpse of Freedom. Mithras. it may well be incredulously asked. . ful. in every age. and more implacable. To the either just or merciful. in equilibrium but antagoand hostile to each other the result being the darkness and . In the great cities. . a mere blind faith. or Adonai. And when a people long enslaved shakes off its fetters. System and Empire ? . in the Christian Pagan Temple For the most part. For the most part." The philosophical and scientific world becomes daily more and more unbelieving. nistic Faith and Reason are not opposites. sary to let it alone. of the earthly God is but the reflected image. and not as productive of moral excellence or even common honesty without faith and without hope. because it is incomprehensible to them in their ignorance and want of intellect. what the popular mind has. a judgment. Zeus. world is only Bel. for the most imposed by education and circumstances. Through madness. only more powermore inscrutable. it hastens with all speed to set in blood. worshipped as the Father. part. like the camels.

that those spared may upon the bread purchased with the burial allowances of the dead starveling and at the next door young girls . in some shape. At times. the vulture gorges. government. of despairing beggary. red with blood no plain. in the world labor is. as when. the Voice says. wasted the energies. . a slave to be fed only so long as he can work or. but hears the roar of cannon no river. and war has exhausted the resources. the baleful fires of war light up half a Continent at once. starvation in England. CROIX. rather. but is fertilized by the blood of the dead and everywhere man slays. to break out again. its this besotted race is not satisfied with multitudes swept away by the great epidemics whose seeing are unknown. misery.all the Thrones unite to compel a people to receive again a hated and detestable dynasty. but runs globe. with renewed and a more concentrated fury. Te . . generally. the toil Always the armies have lived by of the husbandman. There has not been a moment since men divided into Tribes. Now it loads unborn posterity with crushing debt. At times. and of the justice or wisdom of which the causes human mind cannot conceive. mothers murder their children. like the old beacon-fires on the hills. mortgages all estates. ignorance. ishes and freezes live . or States deny States the right to dissolve an irksome union and create for themselves a separate. pauperism and tenement-dens in Xew York. but shakes. only so long as his work is profitable to the owner of There are famines in Ireland. Then again the flames flicker and die away. and the wolf howls in the ear of the dying soldier. prostitute themselves for food. Always men have been engaged in murdering each other somewhere. squalor. No city is not tortured by shot and shell and no people fail to enact the horrid blasphemy of thanking a God of Love for victories and carnage. and ended the prosperity of Nations. the brutality of vice and the insensibility to shame. after a time. . a sewing-woman famcesspools and sewers everywhere. there. strikes and the human chattel. when all the world was at peace. destitution. : .KNIGHT ROSE Everywhere capital . the storm. and brings upon States the shame and infamy of dishonest repudiation. howls over small areas only at times its lights are seen. . revolving. the slave of . trampled by the hoofs of charging squadrons no field. Moreover. belting the whole No sea. It must also be ever at war. and the fire smoulders in its ashes. in all the human Here.

shrieks to Heaven at a single murder. The mountain has been so long inert. shattered. Bartholomew and the Sicilian racked. more unchristian. after all. Above us shine the peaceful. When we have fondly dreamed of Utopia and the Millennium. like the peasant on the lava-slopes of Vesuvius. God seems to have abdicated. a tiger half tamed. great tree of red torrents pouring down its sides. and mangled and yet hypocritical Humanity. and leave behind them smoking and depopulated deserts. to fabricate the infernal enginery of destruction. than those which are the promptings of the Devil in the souls of Nations. when we have begun almost to believe that man is not. Constitutions. and makes them deaf to the demands of honor. drunk with blood and drenched with gore. Else- where. prey to the thanks of Christian Senates. plucking even the morsel of bread from the lips of the starving child. torn. Round us hang the clustering grapes. we believe its fires extinguished. The great armies roll along their hideous waves. the universal pursuit of wealth dethrones God and pays . We lie down to sleep. Man's ingenuity crushed. and Moloch to reign in His stead while Press and Pulpit alike exult at universal murder. The that crash of a new . perpetrated to gratify a revenge not . Gray hairs are dabbled in blood. by the sword and the flaming torch and to plunder and murder entitles the human beasts of . patient stars. for the Deums are still sung Eve of is St. eruption wakes us. Mercy. Commercial greed deadens the nerves of sympathy of Nations. The pillager is in every house. by which human bodies may be the more expeditiously and effectually Vespers. the The roar and the shriekings land is a pandemonium man : is again a Savage. the impulses of generosity. aghast. the stabs of the volcanic lightning into the shrouded bosom its of the sky fires and we see. we are of a sudden startled from the delusive dream. disappear. and that the smell of blood will not wake the savage within him. Laws. of Civil War are all around us the : smoke and cloud. or to satisfy a cupidity not more ignoble. Christianity. to find the thin mask of civilization rent in twain and thrown contemptuously away. the appeals of those who suffer under injustice. and all his inventive powers are tasked. Pity. and the green leaves of the olive tremble in the soft night-air over us.298 MORALS AND DOGMA. the roar of the subterranean thun- ders. Courts. and urge the extermination of the Conquered. . and innocent girlhood shrieks in vain to Lust for mercy. the tortured its Titan hurling up among the pale stars.

when Reason is abandoned as a guide. . and is at least cannot silence the constantly recurthat the miseries and calamities of men. than what things of the same nature occur to other organisms of matter and that the fish of . is torn by its own right. He asks himself whether it is not.KNIGHT ROSE divine honors to : CROIX. whether. It doubts the truth of Revelation. and all . he doubts the possibility of anywhere just and beneficent. significance. does a creature always engaged in the work of mutual robbery and slaughter. and deaths. after all. claim to be of a nature superior to the savage beasts of which he is the prototype ? Then the shadows of a horrible doubt fall upon the soul that would fain love. and whether. by way of compensation whether advance in civilization is not increase of selfishness whether freedom does not necessarily lead to license and anarchy whether the destitution and debasement of the masses does not in- asks ity : : : evitably follow increase of population and commercial and manu- facturing prosperity. the success and prosperity of the Bad. in the eye of God. that are the bases of all beliefs in a future state of existence ? Doubting man's it capacity for indefinite progress here. trust and believe a darkness. the Voice demands. and if he does not doubt whether God exists. religions the fantastic creations of self-conceit other. the calamities. are phenomena of no higher dignity. cessful becomes the prey of sucActaeon. when it is in extremis. like hounds. 299 Mammon and Baalzebub. above all. the very existence of a beneficent God. It . ery is but evidence of shrewdness . Selfishness rules suwin wealth becomes the whole business of life. their pains and sorrows. office faction. of which this that surrounded you was a symbol. and the villains it has carefully educated to their trade. it does not retrogress in some other. By what itself if it is not idle to hope for any great progress of Humantoward perfection. It asks itself whether man is not the sport of a blind. and miseries of the Good. as any sions. their lives ring whisper. The villapreme nies of legalized gaming and speculation become epidemic treachto . the evident and pal- pable injustices of this life. he . and who makes his own interest his God. merciless Fate whether all philosophies are not delu: human vanity and and. its own spirituality. and importance. the faith of Buddhist and Brahmin has not the same claims to sovereignty and implicit. most greedily plunder it. the Country. unreasoning credence. when it advances in one respect. oppressions. their extermination by war and epidemics.

or they But not to all is remain still in the darkness of doubt. the Good over the Evil. for them Light was in the end to preover Darkness. with the Apostle. . or doze under the opiate of a blind faith . and left the existence of Evil as unexplained as before. but is devoutly content when taught that it is who himself stands on the back of a tortoise. How many of us can say that our own faith is so w ell grounded and complete that immortality of 7 those painful whisperings within the soul? Thrice blessed are they who never doubt. life in a new universe. who ruminate in patient contentment like the kine. "Help Thou my unbelief!" Reason must. Over both. conalternately stantly in conflict with each other in struggle for the mastery. The human mind is always conIt cannot tent. have as much right as he to clamor at the injustice of the dispensations of God. and even'Ahriman and his Demons to part with their wicked and vicious natures and vail was the One Supreme and share the universal Salvation. we never hear on whose souls never rests that Awful Shadow which sence of the Divine Light. him they are constrained to add. They say. most miserable of all con- ditions of the human mind. as compensation for their and sufferings and untimely death in this world.300 MORALS AND DOGMA. pains This is not a picture painted by the imagination. is the ab- To explain to themselves the existence of Evil and Suffering. for these. the one of Good and the other of Evil. the ancient seas. if it can remove a difficulty a step further off. and overcoming and overcome. . Given the tortoise. and to demand an . the Ancient Persians imagined that there were two Principles or Deities in the Universe. Faith is always satisfied and it has been a great source of happiness to multitudes that they could believe in a De\ il who could relieve God of the odium of being the Author of Sin. Faith sufficient to overcome this great dih. for the SAGES. . destroyed by myriads to make room for other species. by the consent of the Omnipotent Supreme. It did not occur to them that the existence of the Evil Principle. borne on the back of an immense elephant. the animals and testifying to their agonies birds and vermin slain by man. the contorted shapes in which they are found as fossils the coral insects. believe that the world rests on nothing. co-operate and coincide \vith Faith. "Lord! I believe!" but like culty. presented the same difficulty. Many a thoughtful mind has so doubted and despaired.

and say that it begins where Reason ends. or not to believe that which can by its processes of logic prove to be contradictory. The worshipper of Brahma also has implicit Faith in what seems to us palpably false and absurd. "/ believe this. of a Single Thought of the Infinite God. and of the Holy Books. only. also. it must. unreasonable. to be regarded as either wise or fortunate. either in Reason. So that. in Time and Space. because have been used as a foundation for Faith. suits of this CROIX. that is. have a foundation. and the books. after all. Faith must flow out from some source within which we are to believe is not preus. that it should seek to satisfy itself of its immortalIf the ity. or the is the highest not the only real proof. in every age and the modern miracles are better authenticated. than . Analogy.verity of things. and the Mormon also can impossible. however absurd or degrading. Exalt and magnify Faith as we will. on the positive testimony of the Prophet it is . For example. What we call the Reason. and are happy in being wholly unit is the vast Revelation and Manifestation. The Moslem also believes. not only may. The It is the characteristic of an immortal Soul. our imperfect human reason. and to understand this great enigma. Hottentot and the Papuan are not troubled and tortured by these animals. proven by unimpeachable testimony say. . or it will in no case be the assurance of the truth of what is believed.KNIGHT ROSE Those. 30 1 who life. a hundred times. the Universe. but on the testimony of his Spiritual teachers. sented to our senses. for that. lead us away from the Truth in instinct divinely implanted. or absurd. but assuredly will. care for nothing beyond the interests and purare uninterested in these great Problems. they are not. has ever wanted these foundations. if we determine to believe nothing but that which it can demonstrate. do not consider them. or human testimony. to the Human reason. regard to things invisible and especially those of the Infinite. or inhering and if innate conviction." No faith. the ancient ones. are indifferent to the aware that great riddles of the Universe. The swine. testimony. Miracles. the Consciousness. His faith rests neither in Reason. when the evidence of that The Consciousness. also. of the verity of certain possible evidence. after all. doubts and speculations. or the Consciousness. but only of truths of a limited class. things. of the. Its tape-line cannot it measure the arcs of Infinity. Analogy.

all ing. and Planets. in either country. necessarily excludes the other. and therefore the sages always had. Moon. The earth was supposed to be the only inhabited portion of the Universe. taught only in the mysteries and unknown to the vulgar. and in Persia. to which Neptune came from the Sea. an insignificant mountain of the Earth. conjunctions. and an Infinite Mercy or Love. at the same distance above the Earth. The Sages had. on the Heavens glittering with stars. . are inconsistent peopled with living beings. and of our own Sun. and at once reflect that much of what has faith. The Grecian Divinities inhabited Olympus. and know that each fixed star of all the myriads is a Sun. Of immense size and distance of the heavenly bodies. and oppositions. When we gaze. we sensibly feel our own unimportance in the scale of Creation. and find them recreed. as its lamps or candles hung above it. No Sage. If. The Stars were the guardians of mortals whose fates and fortunes were to be read in their movements. So it can demonstrate that as the Creation had a beginning. an esoteric creed. Egypt. and each probably possessing its retinue of worlds. China. India. they are to us. The Vulgar imagined the attention of the Gods to be continually centred upon the earth and man. in Chaldsea. had been known to the Ancients as in different ages been religious lieved. during which He was inactive. and Andromeda. like the Sun. we examine the vast nebul?e of Hercules. and Pluto and Persephone from the glooms of Tartarus in the unfathomable depths of the Earth's bosom. it can demonstrate. or in Greece or Rome. it necessarily follows that an Eternity had elapsed before the Deity began to create. believed the popular the To them the Gods and the Idols of the Gods were symand symbols of great and mysterious truths. God came down from Heaven and on Sinai dictated laws for the Hebrews to His servant Moses. of a moonless clear night. if the nature. with the great telescope of Lord Rosse. in the same Beand impossible. The Moon was the Bride and Sister of the Sun. One. To them. The world and the Universe were synonymous terms. all the lights of the firmament were created only to give light to the earth. There was the Court of Zeus. size. could never have been beand distance of those Suns.3O2 an Infinite Justice MORALS AND DOGMA. men had no conception. and. Orion. bols. made for the service of mankind alone.

since creating. and its house-keeping alone and who was content to create. never was and not. filled and endeavor to conceive of all the infinities of space. but the Universe itself is eternal. The Universe. are rudely shaken as the Universe broadens and expands for us . and therefore eminently worthy the especial care and watchful anxiety of a God race. which is the Thought of God pronounced. without thinking and The forms of creation change. Is. only increase them. and not a mere animal. There is no empty space beyond creation on any side. infinite and Was. We rest the world on the elephant. and Will forever Be. is infinite in extent. and the darkness of doubt and distrust settles heavy upon the Soul. upon the imagined interan interest easily supposable when man believed himself the only intelligent created being. To demonstrate the necessity for a cause of the creation. because God never did not think and create. 303 the sands on the sea- more numerous than even is a Sun. powerful and wise. only this earth to look after. if we go further in imagi- shore. must have created this boundless Universe but it also tells us that we are as unimportant in it as the zoophytes and entozoa. like and times larger than ours. is equally to demonstrate the necessity of a cause for that cause. or as the invisible particles of animated life that float upon the est of air or swarm in the water-drop. The modes in which it is ordinarily endeavored to satisfy our doubts. Reason is fain to admit that a Supreme Intelligence. resting who had to superintend. the suns and worlds live . if we reflect that each of these Stars many nation. die like the leaves and the insects. The foundations God in our of our faith. God never was inert nor WAS. with its retinue of worlds swarming with life. To tell us that the animals possess instinct only and that Reason belongs to us alone. each. The argument from plan and design only removes the difficulty a step further off. and infinitely . and the elephant on the tortoise. which is the uttered Word of God.KNIGHT ROSE solvable into Stars CROIX. with similar suns and worlds. only one single being. The Universe. in all the infinite Universe. in no way tends to satisfy us of the radical difference between us and them. beyond a doubt. For if the mental phenomena . we seem at once to shrink intc an incredible insignificance. possessing a soul. and the tortoise on nothing.

or a Universe which is itself a God? We read in the Hebrew Chronicles that Schlomoh the wise animal reasons King caused to be placed in front of the entrance to the Temple two huge columns of bronze. "Instinct" is but a word without a meaning. hate. of doubt? Is there no mode of escaping from the labyrinth except by means of a blind faith. and communicate their love. would be the greatest and most wonderful of mysteries. manifested by the human being. like color and perfume. so as to act rationally in concert. they were subsequently understood to be . is feel. The Masonry of the Blue Lodges gives no explanation of these symbolic columns nor do the Hebrew Books advise us that they were symbolic. remember. can be conceived of as results of the or- ganization of matter. Must we alzi'ays remain in this darkness of uncertainty. .304 MORALS AND DOGMA. combine. It would be tedious to repeat all the interpretations which fancy or dullness has found for them. or God in the animal. the great insoluble mystery. no less a thing than the direct. and continual promptfor the animals are not machines. only more perfect. which explains nothing. is supremely absurd. a Universe without a God. The percre- and eternal distinction of the two primitive terms of the ative syllogism. and and instinct. remembers. in order to attain to the demonstration of their . dream. one of which was called YAKAYIN and the other BAHAZ and these words are rendered in our version Strength and Establishment. such. devise. exhibited by animals that think. plan. The key fect to their true meaning is not undiscoverable. and that the whole structure was intended to represent the Universe. If not so intended as symbols. and in many creeds. we may reasonably conclude that the columns of the portico also had a symbolic signification. moved by springs. or automata ings of the Deity. and leads to the belief either in a God without a Universe. that thinks. sets Reason at defiance. . according to the common acceptation of the term. if their and revenge. or else it means inspiration. ancient and modern. But as we are certain that everything within the Temple was symbolic. thoughts to each other. It is either the itself. argue from cause to effect. and the ape is but a dumb Australian. the resort to the hypothesis of an immaterial Soul to explain phenomena of the same kind. That organized matter can think or even at all. immediate.

and Absolute Wisdom that makes it impossible to do it Right and Duty. declares that everything in the Universe proceeds by the mystery of "the Balance. Strength is the intellectual Energy or Activity Establishment or Stability is the intellectual Capacity to produce. of Equilibrium. are represented symbolically in the Kabalah as male and female. it is said. Thereof the was that they made Sun and Moon emblems . They are the POWER of generation and the CAPACITY By WISDOM. necessary to the grand law of creation. of the Ancient and Modern Free-Masonry. Of the Sephiroth." that is. the Seeming Evil. and Victory and Glory. the maternal labor of the redemption. . God creates. is the second grand prinof that occult philosophy veiled under the name "Kabalah. or the Intellectual Generative Energy. There must be for every Force a Resistance to support it. So also are Justice and Mercy. The Sohar Severity and Benignity. to every light a shadow. and is analogous of the to the Passive Principle. Infinite Justice and Infinite Mercy. a . They were the columns of the intellectual and moral world. Absolute Power or Strength to do even what is most unjust and unwise. because it is from the bosom of the darkness itself that \ve see the Light born again. constitute pairs. For the Kabalists. like the Man and Woman. two Divine Sexes and the two ascribed to first creative forces therefore. the temporary rebellion of the creatures. of riches." ciple and indicated by all the sacred hieroglyphs of the Ancient Sanctuaries. for every affirmative a negative. and Understanding. or Divine Emanations. Light represents the Active Darkness or Shadow fore it Principle. the seeming empty nothingness of life. of pity. so little understood by the mass of the Initiates. and then the labor. eternally attracts the overflowing ocean of being. The Void attracts the Full : and so it is that the abyss of poverty and misery.KNIGHT ROSE CROIX harmony by the analogy of 305 contraries. or Justice and Mercy. These are the two Columns of the of production. contraries Faith. that they woman the Temptation and the first sin. passivity. and of the rites. the monumental hieroglyph of the antinomy Temple. and of . for every Royalty a Realm to govern. like Reason and Omnipotence and Liberty. or the Capacity to be impregnated by the Active Energy and produce intellection or thought. Wisdom. Wisdom and Understanding. and by UNDERSTANDING establishes.

mysteries of the Divine Nature are beyond our finite comprehension. the esting definite and permanent accord of Reason and Faith. The . they make useless both the Source of Light and its reflection. forces that seem contraries. All theoretical governments.306 love. and the For the two Columns of the Temthey must remain separated and be whole edifice falls upon the head of the rash blind man or the revolutionist whom is personal or national resentments have in adresult is vance devoted to death. at once. If science or knowledge the Sun. Faith is the veiled Isis. because it is either Despotism or Anarchy. of two contrary forces. of Science and Belief. by the concurrence. Faith succumbs to reasoning. . If each be infinite. The analogy of contraries gives the solution of the Reason. but so indeed are the mysteries of our own finite nature and it is certain that in all nature harmony and movement are the result of the equilibrium most interand most difficult problem of modern philosophy. are Sun or Moon when they occur. or in a Congress or a Convention. If the centripetal force should overcome the centrifugal. which seems to be the opposition. Whenever this Republic. as Samson did. . in the shadows which precede or follow Reason. Belief is the Man it is a reflection of the day in the night. and being equal. MORALS AND DOGMA. The Spheres are held in their orbits and made to revolve harmoniously and unerringly. ple to uphold the edifice. of an alternating preponderance of wanting in government. or of Faith on Reason. however plausible the theory. one cannot even annihilate the other and reign alone. their coexistence seems impossible. It emanates from the is . Science perishes by systems that are nothing but beliefs and eclipses of the . alone give movement and life. government is a failure. The encroachments of Reason upon Faith. Christ completed the Atonement on the Cross by descend- ing into Hell. of Authority and Liberty of examination. of Perfection in God and Imperfection in Man. parallel to each other. end in one or the other. of opposing or contrary forces. that indeed are contraries. As soon as it is attempted by violence to bring them together. o Justice and Mercy are contraries. they are overturned. Governments that are to endure are not made in the closet of Locke or Shaftesbury. In a Harmony the forces. but can never confound it nor be confounded with it. the Supplement of Reason.

become despotic. It is by trials only. The trials of life are the blessof Unfaith or of Faith ings of life. It is with prosperity that God afflicts Humanity. in the individual or the Nation. Instead of consolidathe whole would be shattered into fragments. it rushes into ruin. in a Sovereignty. and therefore the freedom of the individual citizen is consistent with its but not antagonistic. of life over death. when the equipoise of Reason and Faith. the encroachment continues with a veeither obtains the locity that feebler is accelerated like that of a falling body. and of good over evil. a free agent. disbelief or blind credulity permanent victor. and they cease to be in equilibria. that notwithstanding the existence of : infinitely wise. it inculcates is. and then. and good that though the affairs of the world proceed by no rule of right and wrong known to us in the narrowness of our views. to the individual or the Nation. of light over darkness." said ZOROASTER. the freedom of the consistent with the Supremacy of the Nation. necessitates the The Light Shadow. there being no resistance to supis port the stronger. Atheism or and the Priests either .KNIGHT ROSE CROIX. So. him he chasteneth. The agonies of the garden of Gethsemane and those of the Cross on Calvary preceded the Resurrection and were the means of Redemption. by the agonies of sorrow and the sharp discipline of adversities. for it is the work of is God . Central Man is around him." The Light and the Shadow are everywhere and always in proportion . according as one or the other is Superstition. tion. The great truth Evil. the Light being the reason of being of the Shadow." is an expression that formulates a whole dogma. that men and Nations attain initiation. ''Whomsoever God loveth. until the annihilated. and the alternating preponderance cease. The Degree of Rose >J< is devoted to and symbolizes the final triumph of truth over falsehood. "are the ivorld's eternal ways. of liberty over slavery. States is So. the result is. 307 and the equilibrium of forces cease. yet all is right. if either has a Soul that is truly worthy of salvation. just. the rush of the Spheres to the Sun would annihilate the system. he must be free to do evil. The State is less potent than the Deity. union of States. "Light and darkness. When permanent mastery over the other. A State is free like an indi- vidual in any government worthy of the name. though Omnipotence is above and all To be free to do good. These are opposites.

and to them alone He preached that Gospel which His" disciples afterward carried among foreigners. in We our belief. labor to hasten the of the law of coming Moses and of is of that day. we will wait with patience for the final triumph of Good and the complete manifestation of the Word of God. Paganism. that this will be brought about by such means and instruments as He chooses to employ. No one Mason has the right to measure for another. or the Founder of any Religion. : to a great and magnificent result that. and the existence of Evil will then cease. are ours. To them He came. As a lover of all mankind. Laboring for these. Let each judge and believe for himself. and to Mahometan. teach a belief in no particular creed.had spoken its last word. to Jew. Whatever higher attributes the Founder of the Christian Faith may. He would fain have freed the chosen People from their bondage of ignorance and degradation. an object of gratitude and veneration. but a model for mankind. laying down His life for the emancipation of His Brethren. the degree of veneration which he shall feel for any Reformer. Hope. are but as drops in the vast current that sweeping onward. and our order of Fraternity. He was not only the benefactor of a disinherited people. it does not belong to us as Masons to decide. spiritual The Roman world its felt the pangs of approaching dissolution. is all misfortunes. and Charity as our armor. the Power. We recognize every teacher of Morality. we The morals of antiquity. by an incarnation of Himself. have had or not have had. guided by Him. every Reformer.308 MORALS AND DOGMA. The Eagle to us the as a brother in this great work. a Messiah that In the mean time. He should be to all. The God of the Hebrews was unknown beyond the limits of Palestine. and the Principle. Devotedly He loved the children of Israel. all evils. Christianity. none can deny that He taught and practised a pure and elevated morality. or by an inspired prophet. within the walls of a Masonic Temple. even at the risk and to the ultimate loss of His life. He will redeem and regenerate the world. with Faith. miseries. Temples shattered by Socrates and Cicero. at the appointed time. symbol of Liberty. all God and . as we teach unbelief in none. or is yet waited for. to Christian. The babbling and wrangling philosophers . the Pelican of Humanity. arid The old religions had failed to give happiness peace to the world. the Compasses of Equality. whether by the merits of a Redeemer that has already appeared.

" is the expounder of the of Love. come unto me .a proclaims a voice. $Cf) had confounded all men's ideas. and sympathizes . Liberty of Thought. until they doubted of everything and had faith in nothing neither in God nor in his goodness and mercy. for they shall see God the peacethe pure . beneficent. He lives among the destitute and the friendless. even of the fishermen of Galilee. Equality of all men in a new doctrine." ! ing bleeding humanity. the poor. the merciful. and infinitely remote from only at intervals from the darkness to smite and crush humanity but a God. universal Fraternity the old Primitive Truth uttered once again religion . the high and the low. suffer- new Gospel a new "God's Word. with a love immeasurable and exhaustless Who feels for us.lo. and announces the new gospel for they shall be comforted. and sends us pain and want and disaster only that they may serve to develop in us the virtues and excellences that befit us to live with Him hereafter. good." He ! said. their afflictions. the Pariahs of the world. a new the eye of God. for they shall inherit the Earth Heaven Blessed kingdom the kingdom of Heaven the of . but among the low and humble. Mankind was divided into two great classes. The first sentence that world. He pardons the woman taken in adultery. No longer hid in impenetrable mystery. : ." He peace upon every crushed and bleeding heart. He pronounces blesses the "Blessed are they that mourn pours the oil of consolation and : Every sufferer is His proselyte. with us. the master and the slave the powerful and the abject. He selects his disciples not among the Pharisees or the Philosophers. He heals the sick and feeds the poor. obtain mercy . for theirs is meek. When.KNIGHT ROSE CROIX. He shares their sorrows. and sympathizes with all He them raises to up the sinner and the Samaritan woman. emerging : : once more taught to look upward to his God. the tyrants and the mob. radation. nor in the virtue of man. nor in themselves. the "Son of man. and teaches hope for forgiveness. sunken by lassitude and despair to the lowest depths of deg: . for of such is are the humble-minded. and merciful a Father. "to "Suffer the little children. He calls to Him the humble. in the inconsiderable Roman Province of Judea to crushed. ! Man to a is God human sympathy. for they shall in heart. new Law Jesus of Nazareth. loving the creatures He has made. kind. and even the former were satiated with the servility of the latter.

a free will. . their is That God He . makers. the objects of His paternal care and regard that all men are our brothers. whose wants we are to supply." for which the world had waited and pined so long. and material universe that we are His children. are our Masonry for to them good men of all creeds can They . . meekness. intellectual. He bequeathed His teachings to man as an inestimable inheritance. and the Roman indifference to barbarian blood. nailed Him to the cross. and loves and sympathizes with has made that His finger is visible in all the movements of the moral. their injuries to forgive that man has an immortal soul. their opinions to tolerate. a right to freedom of thought and action that all men are equal in God's sight . ! after Me. errors to pardon. Hear the Greek Jew. best serve we God by the lofty. even to the extent of deeming Him Divine. The cruelty of the Jewish Priesthood. him that asketh thee. Perverted and corrupted. is not worthy of Me. and then God ! First be rec- come and offer thy gift at the altar. the ignorant ferocity of the mob. . the creatures good and merciful. kindand the other virtues which the lowly can practise as well as ness. and been even made the warrant for intolhere teach them in their purity. erance and persecution. that humility. une- . use you and persecute you All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you. this is "the new Law. for they shall be called the children of onciled to thy brother. that Greater love hath no for his friend." man than a man lay down his life The Gospel of Love He sealed with His life. and He expired uttering blessings upon humanity. . do ye also unto them for this is the law and the Prophets He that taketh not his cross. . gentleness. and followeth f ully ! ." the "WORD. that ye love one another as one another by this shall all : have loved you. Philo. and look indulgently even on those who assign to Him a character far above his own conceptions or belief. : A I new commandment I give unto you. they have served as a basis for many creeds. this. and every true Knight of the Rose *& will revere the memory of Him who taught it. . We subscribe. Dying thus. "The contemplative soul. and from him that would borrow of Give to thee turn not away Love your enemies bless them that curse you do good to them that hate you and pray for them which despite! .31O MORALS AND DOGMA. that ye also love know that ye are My disciples.

and is barren. doctrines of the pagans. besiege him with your prayers. which leads it to the of things. but as a Hierophant and I fol. . low his school. and of that which is born of both. In all religions there is a basis of Truth in all there is pure Morality. as a mystery never to be lost Reveal it to no Profane Keep and contain it within yourselves. yet. receive this in your souls. or the ! ye whose ears are purified. that he conceal from you no new mysteries that he may know. With her traditions back to the earliest times. recognize all Initiates as our Brothers." ! ! O.. it no longer enjoys more than a feeble and knowledge secondary light. as in this baser world. and who are not enslaved by the empty pomp of words. which gives it. besides for it is the ! by Moses. and to her service your sword is consecrated. 311 qually guided. . . as an incorruptible treas. like him.. ignorance. and her symbols dating further reaching back than even the monumental history of Egypt extends." ".KNIGHT ROSE CKOIX. the rays that emanate from the Divine Intelligence." beWe. but . more precious than everything knowledge of the Great Cause. ye Initiates. to those who practise true piety. and wrong. All that teach the cardinal . . You are now her knight. . not like gold or silver. the Friend of God. I recognized him not only as an Initiate. We communicate the divine mysteries to those only who up have received the sacred initiation. and rest not until you have obtained them For me. is illuminated by the primitive ideas. it falls within the domain of those Intelligences that are termed Angels. " . We trnets of kind Masonry we respect we admire and revere. for.. long to no one creed or school. the soul deprived of the light of God. having their ears sealed . although I was initiated' in the Great Mysteries ure. And if you meet an Initiate. all teachers and reformers of man- also has her mission to perform. though ever advancing. When. she invites all men of all religions to enlist under her banners and to Masonry war against evil. having seen Jeremiah. Let the narrow-souled withdraw. when . whenever it ascends toward the Sublime Treasures. it descends. not the understanding of things. is but that of words only. sometimes toward abundance and sometimes to- ward barrenness. May you prove a worthy soldier in a worthy cause! 31 .. on the contrary. . of Nature.

.

.MORALS AND DOGMA. COUNCIL OF KADOSH.

painfully conscious of his own is To widowed mother. That is an in- stinctive impulse. shall shelter our children. desire to survive their to live afterward in the good that they have done rather than in the fad. and often found in the rudest the surest proof of the soul's immortality. the house where she had lain upon her husband's bosom. be- her son his shield. the for she too The Spartan mother. that lived after her and she inspired the Spartan soldiery that afterward demolished the walls of Athens.XIX. giving her life-blood to only for the work of her needle. said. and may outlast their own day and brief generation. giving "WITH IT. who. the poorest those who pay . men who deserve to live. THE That is true Mason labors for the benefit of those who are to come after him. government of Lacedjemon with the made legislation of Lycurgus a law. as natural as to love the shade of those our fathers planted. OR UPON IT !" afterward shared : . The widow who gave Marion the fiery arrows to burn her own house. and where her children had been born. and of the fundamental difference between man and the wisest brutes. In his influences that survive him. or than State won its freedom. after we are dead. and for the advancement and improvement of a poor ambition which contents itself within the All his race. and aided Alexander to conquer the Orient. GRAND PONTIFF. legislated more effectually for her State than Locke or Shaftesbury. memories. that he may take a higher staand of such are the world's greatest tion in the world than they inferiority.ng characters written in men's mankind. The rudest unlettered husbandman. plant the trees that. fore the general resurrection. that it might no longer shelter the enemies of her infant country. will toil and stint themselves to educate their child. Most men desire to leave some work behind them that funerals. limits of a single life. since that was of 312 slight importance to the Kings of Egypt and the . man becomes immortal. given by God. It many a Legislature has done. human heart . benefactors.

and not the People. Plato and the other great Sages of Antiquity still reign as the Kings of Philosophy. and He. became the deliverer of the Jews. and the makers of the canons. Great Desert. Burke still . governs a fourth of the and Persian and Hindu. voted the crown to the Third Napoleon. dethroned the Bourbon. then with the help of his family and a few friends. led their united forces against the grim Northern Despotism. His Thoughts still govern and not the People. Mahomet announced to the Arabian idolaters the new creed. built up the Saracenic dynasties. and last of all with an army. "There is but one God. slew an Egyptian that oppressed a Hebrew slave. lost in the mists and shadows of the Past. 313 Monarchs of Assyria and Phoenicia. and fled into the desert. and not the living. Moor still obey the Prophet. Northern Africa. conquered Persia and India. and the thoughts and ideas of Peter the Great govern Russia. a foundling. reigns in the fairest portions of the Orient. and have dominion over the human intellect. and he. out of which grew the Christian faith and so has shaped the destinies of the world. He and the old Roman lawyers. rules and human . spread over Asia. and not the Generals of France and England. The great Statesmen of the Past still preside in the Councils of Nations. is His apostle. andMahomet. The religion of the wild Arabian enthusiast converting the fiery Tribes of the France. adopted by the daughter of Sesostris Ramses. to remain there forty years% But Moses. . Confucius still enacts the law for China. these are our legislators and we obey the laws that they enacted. then with many disciples. likeMoses and Christ. the Greek Empire. and led them forth from Egypt to the frontiers of Palestine. and pray with their faces turned toward Mecca and he. the old judges and chancellors. . race . and made for them a law. and Spain. in his coffin. drove the last King of the House of Orleans into exile.GRAND PONTIFF. known to us only by a tablet on a tomb or monument. he taught and preached the Koran. Napoleon died upon the barren rock of his exile. the Saxon Thanes and Norman Barons. that the son of a Jewish woman. borne to France by the son of a King. and dashed the surges of its fierce soldiery against the battlements of Northern Christendom. The law of Mahomet still and Turk and Arab. His bones." For many years unaided. rest in the Hopital des Invalides. with Alfred of England. who might otherwise have become Regent of Lower Egypt. He. in the great city on the Seine.

and become shadows . are forgotten. rent asunder the . The Holy City is a mass of hovels cowering under the dominion of the Crescent and the Holy Land a desert. The inlong fluences of Webster and Calhoun. It has been well said. who were contemporaries of Solomon. bleaching on the shores of Time. when the Assyrian Armies sacked Jerusalem. has continued to increase in stature and influence. has exerted a greater influence on man's destinies and overturned more thrones and dynasties than all the victories of querors from Nimrod to Napoleon. the boy of Mentz. not known to Jew or Gentile. conflicting. the wonderful invention of John Faust. a grain of sand to the giant bulk of the earth but Tamerlane and all his shaggy legions. that swept over the East like a hurricane. and in that New World. But the quiet and peaceful Order.314 lingers in the will MORALS AND DOGMA. The . have passed away. The Kings of Egypt and Assyria. as that of . until the glories of the Orient had faded. with the Kings of Israel and Tyre. House of Commons and Berryer's sonorous tones ring in the Legislative Chambers of France. and their histories mere fables. Age has not weakened its wide foundations. whose apparent importance in the American States. The Ancient Orient is a shattered wreck. and the doctrine of each is the law and the orafrom the Holy of Holies for his own State and all speaking consociated with it: a faith preached and proclaimed by each at the cannon's mouth and consecrated by rivers of blood. a little boy was playing in the streets of Mentz. that when Tamerlane had builded his pyramid of fifty thousand human skulls. the Temple built by Solomon and our Ancient Brethren sank into ruin. cle scale of beings was. Where rude barbarians. nor shattered its columns. defying the angry waves of time and the storms of persecution. and build other pyramids. Wolf and Thebes and of and Palaces of Tyre. in the time of Solomon. and wheeled away with his vast armies from the gates of Damascus. all the blood-stained con- Long ages ago. to find new conquests. while printing. son of a poor artisan. of which the Son of a poor Phrenician Widow was one of the Grand Masters. in France and Britain. nor marred the beauty of its harmonious proportions. that Order has builded the Jackal howl among the ruins of the sculptured images of the Temples . and Babylon and Nineveh are dug from their ruins and carried into strange lands. compared with that of Tamerlane. peopled inhospitable howling wildernesses.

and the Servant of Jehovah and the Phoenician Worshippc" of Bel sat with the humble artisan in Council at Jerusalem. stand between us and that which we would do. and Reason is powerless before would make or annul a particular contract but the Thoughts of the dead Judges of England. after death. and tells us we particular its uttered shall not exercise the power of disposition as . States. families. good-will. then must the Soul sees. we wish. emerging from the grave. and its bitterest punishment. living when their ashes have been cold for centuries. And if its greatest happiness consist in seeing the current of its beneficent influences widening out from ?ge to age. annihilates the act. as rivulets widen into rivers. Humanity is the unit. of which the man is but a fraction. but the prohibition of the English Parliament. thought. 315 new Temples. Thought when the first or second Edward reigned.GRAND PONTIFF. which it learned when Hebrew and Gitletaite worked side by side on the slopes of Lebanon. We We Lords of Thought command us Authority. or that of Rome's great orator Cicero. act. and when both name and memory are forgotten. and aiding to shape the destinies of individuals. We would gain a particular advantage of another and the thought of the old Roman lawyer who died before Justinian. know not who among the Dead control our destinies. which in the truest sense do make men's fates. the what passes on Jiis over the welfare of those it loves. What other men in the Past have done. Moses forbids. We would settle our estate in a . This . and utterly forbid it. earth. and toleration. in seeing its evil influences causing mischief and misery. comes echoing down the long avenues of time. We would sell our land but certain marks on a perishable paper tell us that our father or remote ancestor ordered otherwise and the arm of tin . dead. . or makes the intention ineffectual. Alfred. long after the frame it dwelt in has become dust. that. It is the Dead that govern. and teaches to its million of Initiates those lessons of peace.ncc on God and confidence in man. The human race is linked and bound together by those influences and sympathies. makes the universal We great iron network of circumstance that environs and controls us think and believe as the Old all. said. The Li>. of relk. and cursing and afflicting men. take our faith on trust. with peremptory gesture prohibits . :ng only obey. We way. and watches World.

the Mason who would bene- . to work. or in thanks and gratitude. told us when to sin or err. by words that died upon the is air in the utterance. only to be repaid in kind. of the great and good. is the only act worth doing. for weal or woe. so it is no misfortune. and holds us back with a power that the dead . will obey . that he may. and many a long year were forgoton our memory. where we neither praise nor obloquy will reach us sleep soundly in the grave. or ridicule. or in reputation and the world's praise. The desire to do something that shall if benefit the world. as part of the great body of law enacted by the dead.316 the alienation. the only Thought worth speaking. About dead mother. That which shall live when we are dead. after certain months. as though He had been a slave or malefactor. He who does good. MORALS AND DOGMA. and for a life passed in toiling for their good. the thought or wish of our we were children. whether recognize or disown the lawgiver. Kis influences live. is like him who loans his money. as it is common. Knowing the slow processes by which the Deity brings about great results. with rare exceptions. when we are dead. It is the inflexible fate and noblest destiny. or the thank and reward with eulogy. If not for slander and persecution. its effects last not beyond our lives. in a single lifetime. To be repaid for eminent services with slander. the benefactor of his kind. is unimportant. except to those who nobility of soul to lack the wit to see or sense to appreciate the service. obloquy. or at best with stupid indifference or cold ingratitude. Miltiades was fortunate that he was exiled it and Aristides that he was ostracized. obey us. and let others reap the harvest of their labors. is the noblest ambition en- when tertained by man. he does not expect to reap as well as sow. Thus we obey and thus shall the living. That which we say and do. The Thoughts of the Past are the Laws of the Present and the Future. ten. by nailing Him upon the cross. and the great Future . receive it back with interest." men wearied Not the Redeemer was of hearing him called "The unfortunate but those only who . victim's and Posterity utters his name with execration but his memory he has unintentionally made glorious and im: mortal. flashes resistless. for the inestimable gift He offered them. because Just. The persecutor dies repaid Him and rots. It is the ambition of a true and genuine Mason.

The Gourd a night. fit JI7 for apathy and cold indifference in those in those who ought to seek the good of Except when the sluggish depths of the Human Mind up and tossed as with a storm. and one betrayed and one deserted and denied Him. the glorious gifts of Truth and Light and Liberty those who will neither know the name of the giver. covered an acorn with a little earth. and Lisbon fell prostrate before God in a breath. some wandering barbarian. the Tornado and the Avalanche. of the Prophet Jonah grew up. and was withered. with hand or foot. it does not in the least concern us to know.GRAND PONTIFF. and he who plants need not expect to gather. his race must look whose good he seeks. when at the appointed time a great Reformer comes. Vesuvius buried Pompeii and Herculaneum in a night. is the true office of a Mason and the proudest destiny of a man. nor care in what grave his unregarded ashes repose. of the continent then unknown to the world. The Redeemer. fruit our business to plant the seed. are broken who It is shall gather it. ences far into the future. leap suddenly into full life and fearful energy. when thousands in a day slays with shattered navies. at His death. sand the tornado leaps upon them. All the great and beneficent operations of Nature are produced by slow and often imperceptible degrees. over men who are yet unborn to rule as the to bless with . before the Norman Conqueror stamped his mailed foot on the neck of prostrate Saxon England. to project our influ. It is enough for us to know that the fruit will come in its due season. fore the its mower. then is our action by . or others. in mere idleness. and a new Faith springs up and grows with supernatural energy. so much the more noble. . When. had twelve disciples. . on his journey to the dim . the progress of Truth is slower than the growth of oaks. that others may reap to work and plant for those who are to occupy the earth when we are dead. Pestilence and the storm in a night strews the . To sow. in But many years ago. and live beyond our time Kings of Thought. The work of destruction and devastation only is violent and rapid. The Volcano and the Earthquake. It is God's right to give the to whom He pleases and if not to us. when the earth rocked and shuddered the Alpine village vanishes and is erased at one bound of the avalanche and the ancient forests fall like grass be. and passed on regardless. and smite with an unexpected blow.

and lifted its head still higher toward the Heavens strong-rooted. ! . and still the sapling grew. force within it acting in the darkness. and defiant of the storms that roared and eddied through its branches and when Columbus ploughed with his keels the unknown Western Atlantic. and the birds builded their nests leaves among its small limbs for many generations. the Huguenot.318 Past. but the acorn lay there still. each a perfect living creature. to carry the thunders of the Great around the world. and its green went and came with Spring and Autumn. a ship. made by the Almighty Creator. and Richard Lion-Heart fought at Acre and Ascalon. or Shufu built the Pyramids. . and John's bold Barons wrested from him the Great Charter and lo the sapling had become a tree and still it grew. and the shoot became a sapling. and the dews fed its leaves. But below these waves were myriads upon myriads. and the Indian hunter slept in the shade of the sapling. and the follower of Penn sought a refuge and a rest. . . because the elk or buffalo chanced not to place his foot upon and crush it. of . from the moment A'hen the feeble shoot to furnish timbers for first pushed its way to the light until the eagles built among its branches. There they toiled beneath the waters. died and the He A . the Cavalier. less of all haughtily domineering over all the forest. put forth its little leaves. heedthe centuries that had hurried past since the wild Indian . each doing its allotted work. was forgotten. parcelled England out among his Barons. The years marched onward. if one had sat and Republic's guns watched it even instant. and William. a stout and hale old tree. one could have sailed in a seventy-four face of the Indian where now a thousand islands gem the surOcean and the deep-sea lead would nowhere have found any bottom. tender shoot mighty stole gently up and fed by the light and air and frequent dews. stately. he would never have seen the tree 3r sapling grow. And still the years came and went. And still the came and passed away again. ing-place beyond the ocean. and lived. planted the little acorn in the forest with wide circumference shading many a rood of ground and fit . Many long centuries ago. and Cortez and Pizarro bathed the cross in blood and the Puritan. before the Chaldsean Shepherds watched the Stars. And yet. the Norman Basyears tard. firm-rooted. MORALS AND DOGMA. vigorous. and thrust its great arms wider abroad. and fashioned by Him for the work it had to do. minute existences. the Great Oak still stood. . beyond the power of Arithmetic to number.

or a Mississippi rolls bebanks. and the ages stony stems of encrinites sunk into its depths. they widen into brooks and rivulets. creating vast allu- be the granaries of the world. a . as the Egyptians. soil of all the continents. and gather in subterranean reservoirs. rain and snow and hail upon the level plains and lofty moun- . and the invisible vapors rise ever up to meet him.RAND PONTIFF. . hardened into limestone. and float and swim around in the ambient air. a tween its Danube. a Ganges. the clouds vanish. an Amazon. whom we call ancient. and hover over the ocean. They lived and died. 519 and wholly ignorant of the result which God intended. majestic. On all the broad lakes and oceans the Great Sun looks earnestly and lovingly. or pour upon it in heavy rains. Thus hath He . and bubble up in springs and fountains and from the mountain-sides and heads of valleys the silver threads of water showers. and the bright stars again shine clearly upon the glad earth. Condensed still more by change of temperature. then into streams and rivers and. or . begin their long journey to the ocean. once For ages upon the minute shields of. There. they are condensed to mist. its quarries underlie the and we. and the storm pass away. and roll in huge masses round the stony shoulders of great mountains. The shower. chafed and thundered the great primeval ocean. Where now is firm land. and run in subterranean channels. Nile. in the upper atmosphere. infinite myriads of infusoria. and there. The rain-drops sink into the ground. they drop upon the thirsty earth in gentle at the storm against its bosom angry Equinoctial. as when they made the rocks that underlie the valley of the Ohio. mighty. Thus God hath chosen to create. They sail with its currents. and descended in vial valleys to . ploughed by the thousand keels of commerce and serving as great highways. each adding his mite to the giganwork that went on there under God's direction. and resistless. the rain. under the vast pressure of its waters. Raised slowly from the Profound by His hand. at last. build tombs and palaces. and gather into clouds. No eye but God's beholds them as they rise. and as the impassable boundaries of -rival nations ever returning to the ocean the drops that rose from it in vapor. chosen to create great Continents and Islands and still the coralinsects live and work. hundreds of feet in thickness of these remains of the countless dead. built their pyramids. incalculable in numbers and almost infinite in the tic succession of their generations. Uniting.

moved by a senseless impulse of the brutal flung in the -blazing brand. the waving meadows and green the fields by which men live as the infinite myriads of drops that ible particles clouds that fall in . at length. long So it is with the aggregate of Human endeavor. gorgeous in the sunny splendors of the atmosphere of Palestine. and TolSoldier of the Cross eration! Good Knight and True! be patient and work! The Apocalypse. by the combined effort and long toil of Apprentice. nor be weary in well-doing Be not disat men's apathy. and Master. the glad earth drinks are gathered into springs and rivulets and rivers. of vapor combine and coalesce to form the mists and rain on thirsty continents. my Brother. therefore. Of right belongs to us. and carved the intricate ornaments. and causing him to recoil for many a mile before the headrush of their great tide. ! Therefore faint not. which were to be the Temples. of God. patient. Stone after stone. ! . Fellow-Craft. and wait! Yhe issues are with God: To do. hewed. that sublime Kabalistic and prophetic Sumis ! what there to do. Thought. and to feed the large lakes and restless oceans so all Human . single motion of the arm of a A rude. all fit and ready for the Worship . As the invis. or drunken Roman or Gothic Legionary of Titus. and do it. the walls arose. Our Ancient Brethren who built the Temples at Jerusalem. and. with many myriad blows felled. Truth. and bless the great forests and wide grassy prairies. with no further human agency. leaving the results to God Sworn Knight of Justice. and Speech and Action. before. and squared the cedars. all that is done and said and thought and suffered upon the Earth combine together. ple to a Be smoking mass of black unsightly ruin. slowly the roof was framed and fashioned and many years elapsed. nor disgusted with their follies nor Care not for returns and results but tired of their indifference couraged see only ! . and flow onward in one broad resistless current toward those great results to which they are determined by the will of God. and quarried the stones. So they were built. barbarous Assyrian Spearman.J2O tains MORALS AND DOGMA. to aid in levelling the mountains and elevating the plains. We build slowly and destroy swiftly. the Houses stood finished. a few short hours sufficed to consume and melt each Temwill.

They contain more meanings than words . that The Apocalypse is. "Let him who stands. after an allegory or the mention ! of a number. the Apotheosis of that Sublime Faith which aspires to God alone. and with its splendors intolerable blinds feeble. with their triangular . are Seven Seals to be opened. because it unites the Triangle of the Idea to the Square of the Form. represented their Metaphysics. therefore did not write to be un- derstood by the multitude. The Apocalypse. understand let him who under!" he often says. and their symbols are as little un- derstood by the Commentators. and surpasses all the Science of Abraham and of Solomon. as those of Free Masonry. The huge pyramids. exact as numbers. also. the Son of the Morning! Is it he who bears the Light. LUCIFER. to those who receive the nineteenth Degree. while keepSphinx.GRAND PONTIFF. more they sought to add grandeur to and symbols. after each of the occult figures. were inspired. the its multiply sides of elevation and square bases. or selfish Souls? Doubt it not! for traditions are full of one Divine Revelations and Inspirations and Inspiration is not of Age nor of one Creed. and the Depositary of all the Secrets of the Saviour. are equally mysterious expressions. the favorite Apostle. The Sephar Yezirah. the Light-bearer! Strange and mysterious name to give to the Spirit of Darkness! Lucifer. It is . The Septenary is the Crown of the Numbers. sensual. indeed. veiled by figures of the enigmatic dogmas of the Kabalah. and Seven difficulties to overcome. and the Apocalypse are the completest embodiments of Occultism. and Seven cups to empty. and despises all the pomps and works of Lucifer. completes. the Sohar. Plato and Philo. calculate hath knowledge. That knowledge of Nature had for its symbolic key the gigantic form of that huge which has hollowed its deep bed in the sand. There is to say. mary of all 321 tenaries. and of the new Symbolic Temple. is a book as obscure as the Sohar. The visions of Ezekiel. Saint John. divides its images into three Sepwhich there is silence in Heaven. The more the great Hierophants were at pains to conceal their absolute Science. : written hieroglyphically with numbers and images and the Apostle often appeals to the intelligence of the Initiated. Seven mysteries to know. Seven trumpets to sound. by the river Chebar. founded upon the knowledge of Nature. their expressions are figurative as poetry and The Apocalypse sums up.

DAATH not being regarded as a Sephirah. the universal law of Equipoise the Kabalah as consti- or is MACROCOSM. and on the Seven mystic gates of Thebes. the ADAM KADMON arranged. Hdd. energy. BEING is BEING. were the magnificent Commentaries on the Seven lines that composed the Pyramids. THE FATHER. The union of the Seven colors same number. identity of Knowing and of Being or Reality LOGOS of Plato. the analogous symbol of the EVIL. K ETHER. Seven. three answering to BENIGNITY or MERCY. 2. The all . Wisdom. continually reappears in the Apocalypse. BEING is REAL. Orange. and Blue. Ycsod. .which are but one all forming a Single Whole. and DOMINATION. and all these God displays to man in the rainbow have their analogies also in the moral and intellectual world. In Philosophy. and four secondary. or Will. Yellow. compounded of the Idea and the Form. but as the Divine Action. Red. are also four. the analogous symbol of the GOOD: the absence of all is the Black. The Seven grand monuments called the Wonders of the World.322 MORALS AND DOGMA. KHOKMAH. . BEING is LOGIC. ing \vatch at the feet of the Pyramids. Religion. STABILITY. and Vioand they let. identity of the Idea and of Being or Verity in : . the first Principle. may The Septenary philosophy be summed up thus : of Initiation among the Ancients Three Absolute Principles which are but One Principle four elementary forms. identity of the Reason and Reality in Religion. the White. In Philosophy. Providence. which. or attribute. : . the In Philosophy. Indigo. not as the Deity acting. compounded of three and four . GLORY. The three Principles were these i. and these numbers relate to the last Seven of the Sephiroth. the Demiourgos. and BAINAH. or as a potency. in Religion. Thus three times exempli- . Green. and Malakoth. The Sephiroth are commonly figured in tuting a human form. 3. VICTORY. the WORD. with DAATH or Intellection or Thought. and four to Ketzach. and BEAUTY or HARMONY. the Divine Action that makes real the Good. and Understanding. SEVERITY or JUSTICE. The same numbers also represent the first three Sephiroth. that which in Christianity we call THE HOLY is SPIRIT. There are three primary colors.

Jesus is the Word Incarnate. that is to say. two letters of the Ineffable Name of the Manifested Deity.ir. it creates the worlds. From that of the Divine Intellectual. which. result'. YUD and HE. Active. Ahayah Asar Ahayah. is the Source of Logic. that is to say. at the same time that they have flowed forth from. From that of produce Thought. three. and the perfect with the Tetractys of Pythagoras. and the VAV completes the Trinity and the Triliteral Name in" the Divine Triangle. Each also. the letter YUD. seven. mistaken and acting." In the Beginning was. HARMONY or forbid the existence of obstacles or opposition. This the Principle. in the Kabalistic Ecclesiasticus.?th are included first in. His Wisdom. IS. The Word. Thus five. and the Passive CAPACITY action of THINKING 1 results. the REASON TJV that Speaks. and His Wisdom This flowed from. the Universe of material reality. Ev anffl '0 Aofo:. which invested with form became the fabricated World. Elsewhere in the mrP *O"J. The Will of God includes is Wisdom the 1 . the BENIGNITY and SE- VERITY. of Knowledge with Belief. pPntf IffK TTIK. and correspond BEING is Is BEING. Number Ten. The last nine SepV. being Infinite. fied. the WORD of God . Debar laharah. it The Word is the reason of belief. By means of its utterance. The Jofoc. KETIIER. in succession His Will specially developed and LOGOS that creates. first in the Divine Intellect as an Idea. the WORD. has become in modern times the veritable enigma of the Sphinx. of of the Faith which makes Science Authority with Liberty. STABILITY PERMANENCE. nite flows and from that of VICTORY or an Infiand GLORY. \ and WILL BE. . the "BEGINNING. which is the perfect DOMINION of the Infinite WILL. accord of the Reason with Faith. and nine. WAS. is mains included in. the ten Sephiroth contain all the Sacred Numbers.GRAND PONTIFF. or the CROWN. and in also is the expression a living thing. the of all. personified by Simon Magus and the succeeding Gnostics. the Active and the Passive in Equilibrium. would seem to overcoming . Tt is WISDOM that. represent the Male and the Female. which with the repetition of the He becomes the Tetragrammaton. and yet still rethe one preceding it. is the Creative it is Hebrew writings Books of the Proverbs and Agent of God. to Masculine ENERGY.

Ahriman and Tuphon. tween the Creator and the Created. Great Egyptian Hierophant : "What Below Unity.324 MORALS AND DOGMA. and known under the name of "The Tablet of Emerald:" the Unity of Being and the Unity of the Harmonies. consciousness." is is Superior is as that which is as that which Above. ascending and descending. Wisdom. . and nothing equals. It is by His uttered Word that God reveals Himself to us. and instincts. to is Inferior. the fallen Lucifer or LightShaitan the Adversary. is our convictions. giving the measure of the relation be. tempt to explain the existence of Evil. those brief words engraven by HERMES on a Stone. as a Summary of all the Nothing surpasses doctrines of the Old World. not alone in the visible and invisible but intellectual creation. The conviction of Hence all it is that men that God led to a belief in a Devil. the necessary mathematics of the Infinite. as an atbearer. but also in certain beliefs are universal. and the Infinite Power. and make it consistent with good of God. the progressive and proportional scale of the Word the immutable law of the Equilibrium. and what is form the Marvels of the . and Benevolence the proportioned progress of the universal analogies the relation of the Idea to the Word. proved by the measures of a single corner of the all this is expressed by this single proposition of the Finite .

Masonry long wandered in error. have the same object. its emblems. views. without being one and the same thing. unable to construct a beautiful machine. and their purpose and object readily to It be seen. builds upor. a Masonry simple and significant. written There could be seen the primitive Masonry. Giristianity. Innovators and inventors overturned that primitive simplicity. the school of Pythagoras without incongruities or absurdities. allegories. the principle and rule of all his duties. Its constitutions was then confined to a very small number of Degrees. in the symmetrical relation of all the parts of this rational edifice. it to its is your especial duty Masonry primitive purity. You have become an instructor. Less than two hundred years ago. acquaintance and familiarwith the wonders of nature. under religious ages adopted by wisdom. its organization was simple. pist. in which it was not necessary to torture the mind to discover reasonable interpretations a Masonry at once religious and philosophical. and propose to themselves the same end. to find. made a complica- degenerated from ted one. is a practical Philosopher. organized into . plans traced by nature and reason the moral edifice of knowledge. He and finds in the reunion of virtuous improves his moral nature. becomes a better man. and altogether moral. the means of multiplying Masonry and Philosophy. the worship Grand Architect of the Universe. worthy of a good citizen and an enlightened philanthroin the first century of our era. distorted by stupidity and ignorance. 22 325 . Instead it of improving. and the happiness of humanity ity attained by the constant practice of all the virtues. the source of all his pleasures. men. trograded toward which. who. assembled with pure his acts of beneficence. of the As Grand Master to aid in restoring of all Symbolic Lodges. and ceremonies easy to be understood. GRAND MASTER OF ALL SYMBOLIC LODGES. its primitive simplicity. He ought THE true Mason in all emblems.XX. were like those of a Society of Essenes. and rea system.

fanaticism. the different parts of which. The rituals even of the respectable Degrees. and trifles and gewgaws and pretended mysteries. Hence it was that. practically. An empty . became nonsensical and trivial and the words so corrupted that it has hitherto been found impossible to recover many of them at all. absurd or hideous. were preposterous. by absurdities engendered by ignorance. of shocking and fantastic extravagances. usurped the place of Masonic Truth. without sufficient explanation of their symbolic meaning. copied and mutilated by ignorant men. and before it by the Rite of Perfection. philanthropy and insane hatred and longing for vengeance. shocked the candi- and then became ridiculous. Candidates were made to degrade themselves. and excited contempt and laughter only. of. fell into disuse. Judaism and chivalry. and were wholly disregarded. and to submit to insults not tolerable to a man of spirit and honor. which. were found strangely mated and standing hand in hand within the Temples of Peace and Concord and the whole system was one grotesque commingling of incongruous things. These Rites resembled those old palaces and baronial castles. and compelled to perform acts. which no meaning whatever was attached. The picture of a horrid vengeance. and fine conceptions overlaid and disfigured date. Oaths out of all proportion with their object. Eight hundred Degrees of one kind and another were invented Infidelity and even Jesuitry were taught under the mask of Masonry. the poniard and the bloody head. : . built at different periods remote from one another. Acolytes were exposed to tests. superstition and philosophy. formed a discordant and incongruous whole. and to which the inventors had not condescended to attach any explaand to . and sterile pomp. and their rituals became jejune and insignificant. the largest portion of the Degrees claimed by the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. would have been abominable but being mere chimeras. appeared in the peaceful Temple of Masonry. a pure morality and unjust and illegal revenge. Ignorance engaged in the work of making Degrees.parts repugnant to good taste. if real. and a senseless mysticism. impossible indeed to be carried out. . of contrasts and contradictions. .326 MORAL6 AND DOGMA. arbitrarily assumed. upon plans and according to tastes that greatly varied. were merely communicated. with far-fetched explanations that were either so many stupid platitudes or themselves needed an interpreter lofty titles.

no longer to present his petition for admittance or to receive the answer. nation that should acquit them of the folly of assuming temporal rank. is governed. Wise. The Mason kneels. teaching the lofty qualifications which many are required of those who claim them. to the Science of is he who he devotes his hand. indicate that of Virtue. right To kneel God gave to man and majestic. and titles of nobility. among his equals. and we do not require those who desire to be admitted among us. the clothing. and which those who receive them should fully understand. made the world laugh. and by which he. with us. like every other brother. power. or to receive the degraded by bending his knee to God honor of Knighthood as Bayard and for other purposes. Intelligence. and the Sovereign are but the first among their equals and the cordon. As Master of a titles. which he administers. No one at the altar. assemble in our Temples to cherish and inculcate sentiments that conform to that loftiness of bearing which the just and upright man is entitled to maintain. ignominious!}' We . and Wisdom. Masonry does a head to be borne erect. Potent. the Prince. a port up- Du Guesclin knelt. but they have with us meanings consistent with that Spirit of Equality which is the founentirely dation and peremptory law of its being of all Masonry. not require. and the Initiate feel ashamed. consistent with modesty and equality. his heart. Puissant.GRAND MASTER OF ALL SYMBOLIC LODGES. and Venerable. no longer to a man as his superior. tfie Knight. and professes himself the Sworn Soldier is of Truth: the Prince leader. who gaws worn : is but his brother. in all true Masonry. his brain. : first. and not merely idle gew- Lodge it is in ridiculous imitation of the times when the Nobles and Priests were masters and the people slaves: and that. The Some of these Knight. The so your duty to instruct your Brethren that they are all constant lessons. but to his God . and the jewel but symbols and emblems of the virtues required of all good Masons. in virtue and good deeds the Sovereign he who. to whom titude of his intentions. one of an order whose members are all Sovereigns. titles we retain . and whose aid he asks is he appeals for the recto enable him to keep his vows. the Pontiff. is Supreme only because the law and constitutions are so. is who aims to be Chief [Princeps]. which those ought to power strive to attain who are placed in high office by the suffrages of their brethren: and all our other titles and designations have an esoteric meaning. Masonry.

and philosophical instruction. It is no longer a system. chance. submit. It It no longer inculcates a criminal and wicked vengeance. Persia. and perhaps motives still more ignoble presided a system unsuited : . you will therefore be exceedingly careful no Candidate. of Charles the ist. and that . the means by which Retaining the essentials of the Degrees and the members recognize one another. because we respect ourselves that he conceive a lofty idea of his dignity as a human being free and independent. We respect man. religious. ceremonies of the orders of Knighthood. a firm and constant wisdom. be required to submit to any degradation whatever as has been too much the custom in some of the Degrees and take it as a certain and inflexible rule. a Teacher of Great Truths. inspired by an upright and enlightened reason. as vehicles to communicate the Great Masonic Truths as it has used the legends of the Crusades. bow the head. and the figured. has not allowed Masonry to play the assassin to avenge the death : Hiram. and drawn from the Ancient Mysteries of Egypt. rejected the puerilities and absurdities with which many of them were dis- and made of them a connected system of moral. it has yet thought it not improper to use the old allegories^ based on occurrences detailed in the Hebrew and Christian books. to which there is no exception. Sectarian of no creed. in any Degree. . over the composition and arrangement of the different parts of which. or of Jaques De Molay and the Templars. ignorance. The Supreme Council for the Southern Jurisdiction of the United States at length undertook the indispensable and long-delayed task of revising and reforming the work and rituals of the thirty Degrees under all its jurisdiction. the Druids and the Essenes. it has sought out and developed the leading idea of each Degree. The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Masonry has now become. : As Master without feeling outraged or humiliated. that real Masonry requires of no man anything to which a Knight and Gentleman cannot honorably. want of reflection. and an affectionate and liberal philaneither of thropy. humility and obsequi- may ousness to man and are base: for there is most real solid basis of virtue. Greece. Man a noble pride which is the should humble himself before the Infinite brother. what Masonry at first was meant to be.3^ to MORALS AND DOGMA. but not before his erring and imperfect of a Lodge. If modesty is a virtue. India. God .

involving and enveloping Masonic instruction and vehicles of useful and interesting information. whose revenues should be devoted to the relief of the un. Preacher of Liberty. To honor the Deity. Ispahan. dress. the government of the Universe. and 32d. i8th. Rome. It lays no plots . and Equality. shocking by its anachronisms and contradictions. the and jewels of any Degree other than the I4th. and not to empty show aggregate of Degrees. no longer a heterogeneous fortunate. God. decorations. or the world-wide philanthropy and universal toleration of Masonry or to bodies small in number. information. of every Brother to procure or not to procure. or Geneva. its efforts and struggles to comprehend nature. the permitted existence of sorrow and evil. They represent the different phases of the human mind. of the Supreme Creator of the Universe. and to make himself useful to society and himself by his labor. As Master. our ideas. and by the moral power of an intelligent and enlightened People. to regard all men as our Brethren. that the decorations of many of the Degrees are to be dispensed with. as children. at Pekin.GRAND MASTER OF ALL SYMBOLIC LODGES. whenever the expense would interfere with the duties of charity. are its teachings to its Initiates in all the Degrees. we give them such an interpretation only as maybe accepted byall. and the folly of endeavoring to explain to ourselves that which we are not capable of understanding. we reproduce the speculations of the Philosophers. as he pleases. We teach the truth of none of the legends we recite. Every one being at liberty to apply our symbols and emblems as he thinks most consistent with truth and reason and with his own faith. and to whom you will owe your office. They are to us but parables and allegories. Fraternity. 329 to our habits. Our Degrees maybe conferred in France or Turkey. relief. the Kabalists. our manners. and moral . upon Sectarian or Theist. and benevolence and to be indulged in only by wealthy bodies that will thereby do no wrong to those entitled to their assistance. it desires them to be attained by making men fit to receive them. equally dear to Him. and it is at the option . in the city of Penn or in Catholic Louisiana. To teach us wisdom. you will teach those who are under you. and philosophical ideas. . upon the subject of an absolute government or the citizen of a Free State. the Mystagogues and the Gnostics. powerless to disseminate light. 3Oth. The essentials of all the Degrees may be procured at slight expense.

and those who from . however. and so dismisses his workmen and workwomen to starve or when he reduces the wages of man or woman to so low a standard that they and their families cannot be clothed and fed and comfortably housed or by overwork must give him their blood and life in exchange for the pittance of their wages and that his duty as a Mason and Brother peremptorily requires him to continue to employ those who else will be pinched with hunger and cold. clothed. though it may reduce or annul his profits or even eat into his capital for God hath but loaned him his wealth. and workshops. it teaches the master humanity and moderate corand gentle discipline as it teaches them to the master of the apprentice: and as it teaches to the employers of other men. that his new rank is based upon the humble labors of the symbolic Degrees. and made him His almoner and agent to invest it. and to whom want of employment is starvation. Except as mere symbols of the moral virtues and intellectual sheltered : sin against . inasmuch as all the Degree? are symbolic. and overwork is fever. and conspiracies. and implements of Masonry belong exclusively They also. consideration and humanity for those who depend upon their labor for their bread. are not able to work. and from the inclement elements that he commits an awful Masonry and in the sight of God. but . or resort to theft and vice and to pay them fair wages. Teach the employed to be honest. It hatches no premature revolutions it encourages no people to revolt against the constituted authorities. when they do not yield him what he regards as sufficient profit. if he closes his workshops or factories. . punctual. to the first three Degrees. recognizing the great truth that freedom follows fitness for free as the corollary follows the axiom. has a right to have work to do and that they. in mines. consumption. As Master of a Lodge. and death. as they are improperly termed. .3JO MORALS AND DOGMA. manufactories. : teach the employer that every man or woman who desires to work. serve to remind the Mason who has advanced further. qualities. loss of limb or of bodily vigor. dom it strives to prepare men Where and the rection domestic slavery exists. the tools . you are to inculcate these duties on your brethren. sickness or feebleness. have a right to be fed. old age or infancy. to govern themselves. and faithful as well as respectful and obedient to all proper orders but also alleviation of the condition of his slave. : : . or ceases to work his mines.

symbolized by the Knightly or chivalric Degrees and intel. so as to require far-fetched and forced interpretations. but they are nevertheless ingenious veils that cover the Truth. the suspicion that we have concealed meanings which we communicate only to the most reliable adepts. to perfect the younger Masons in the words. crease of wages. In our days. belonging have preserved and multiplied such emblems as have a true and profound meaning. We reject many of the old and senseless explanations. in their own may assail our symbols with sarcasms . and to give them fraternal advice when they fall short of their . to wit. We sics that exiles tion. lectual labor. labor in arms. because they are contrary to good order or the well-being of society. The Directors of the Work. as to prevent or hinder instruction instead of furthering it or to induce . and that it is altogether emblematic. specially belonging to the three blue Degrees. and in the enlightened land in which we live. to induce them to engage in new labors what and enterprises for the good of Masonry. and is needed to be enacted for their prosperity and usefulness.and I ith De- grees are to report to the Chapters upon the regularity. but over-wise conceit. respected by all who know the means by which the heart of man is reached and his feelings enlisted. and to expound the moral instruction which they convey. the Masons of the Degrees from the 4th to the 8th. inclusive. are. that is. We have not reduced Masonry to a cold metaphy- particularly to the Philosophical Degrees.GRAND MASTER OF ALL SYMBOLIC Thus that it LODGES. signs and tokens and other work of the Degrees they have received to explain to them the meaning of the different emblems. In the Symbolic Lodges. The Duties of the Gass of Instructors. in The Great Moralists often had recourse to allegories. Tli'v. 33! the Initiatesare inspired with a just idea of Masonry. both teaching and practising LABOR. their country and mankind. Three kinds of work are nec: essary to the preservation and protection of man and society manual labor. we do not need to wrap ourselves in veils so strange and impenetrable. activity and proper direction of the work of bodies in the lower Degrees. is essentially WORK.in in. and those /za/^-wise in reality. And upon their report of proficiency alone can their pupils be allowed to advance and receive . have been careful not to allow our emblems to be too oborder to instruct men scure. they are particularly charged to stimulate the zeal of the workmen. But we without repelling them.- everything belonging to the domain of the imaginaignorant. particularly. or those of the Qth. loth.

That it may do so. and offences against the rules and general spirit of the Order and such as will tend to make it. Council. and charged to ascertain and make known who need and are entitled to the charity of the Order. or. pared with a lecture. . all injustice. and discussing the simple questions of moral philosophy. its principal purpose. to invoke against them the rigor of Masonic law. are most fit to be appointed Almoners. They should inquire whether Masonry fulfills. They are bound to prevent and repair. such as are needed to correct abuses that have crept in. . should be pre. wear the sword. sufficient In the higher Degrees those only should be received who have reading and information to discuss the great questions of philosophy. to close. The Architects. I3th. pare propositions to be offered in the Blue Lodges calculated to attain that end. The Knights. Especially you are not to allow any assembly of the body over which you may preside. and the diffusion of light and knowledge. And one of them. Their works and lectures must be in this spirit. to put an end to abuses.it will be your duty to . and design its harmony and regularity of the duties of the officers and members and of the particular lessons intended to be taught by each Degree. the great Teacher of Mankind. without recalling to the minds of . at every communication. . as far as may be in their power. should be selected from none but Brothers well instructed in the preceding Degrees zealous. as far as it ought and can. and I4th. or Chapter. which is to succor the unfortunate. they should pre. communicating useful knowledge or giving good advice to the Brethren. As Master of a Lodge. in cases that require it. From them the Orators of the Lodges should be selected. of the I5th and i6th Degrees. . and to prevent or correct negligence. Those in the Lodges who have attained the rank of Knights. both in the world and in Masonry to protect the weak and to bring oppressors to justice. and capable of discoursing upon that Masonry illustrating it. They are charged to suggest such measures as are necessary to make Masonry entirely faithful to the spirit of its institution. or those of the I2th. both as to its charitable purposes.jjj duty MORALS AND DOGMA. . as it was meant to be. impress upon the minds of your Brethren these views of the general plan and separate parts of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of its spirit . as well as those of the Councils and Chapters.

nd respect not to blame. to tolerate all political . . the teaching and the unostentatious of the morality of the Lodge. to be devoted to one another. religions. May you perform them well and in so doing gain honor for yourself. it the constant rule of their lives. or the prince and take the wise and good as their models To see that their professions and practice. the noble. their teachings and conduct. places. and to cheerfully postpone their own interests to that of the Order: To make well. Forget not that. to be faithful to the country. practice or peoples. . and Progress. pardon . are some of the duties of that office which you have sought to be qualified to exercise. and charitable. be humane. give him aslived before himself: ers sistance. love your : fclloivs. That is an imperative duty. to speak and to act well: : To place the sage above the soldier. be kind.GKANU MASTER OF ALL SYMBOLIC LODGES. my Brother. console t\ie afflicted. be reconciled to him. Forgive your enemy. and still less to condemn the religious opinions all . the religion of good works. more than three thousand years ago. to think well. and the laws: 5or to serve the country is to pay a dear and sacred debt : forms of worship. Urge upon your Brethren Urge them to love one another. and advance the great cause of Masonry. and grateful acknowledgment of God's blessings To fraternize with : all men . to assist all who are unfortunate . Such. : : . 333 the Brethren the Masonic virtues and duties which are represented upon the Tracing Board of this Degree.those who hare done you Nor that more than two thousand three hundred years ago wrong." GONFUCIUS repeated. do always agree To make this also their motto: Do that which thou oughtest to do let the result be what it will. . also quoting the language of those who had "Love thy neighbor as thyself: Do not to othwhat thou wouldst not wish should be done to thyself: Forgive injuries. invoke God in his behalf!" Let not the morality of your Lodge be inferior to that of the Persian or the Chinese Philosopher. To religion of others if : not to seek to make converts but . the government. to be content they have the religion of Socrates a veneration for the Creator. Humanity. without regard to mes. ZOROASTER said "Be good.

and it is the duty of a Mason to do 334 all all . You are especially charged in this Degree to be modest and humble. nor find fault with His works. Be modest also in your intercourse with your fellows. gloats over the details of domestic tragedies of sin and shame. labors to nis fellow. No man. no No industriously circulates the most unmitigated and baseless falsehoods. to coin money for those who pursue it as a trade. or to effect a temporary result in the wars of faction. no sacred or safe from this new Inquisition. No motive is so innocent or so laudable. and slow to entertain evil thoughts of them. We need not enlarge upon these evils. shield against their poi- The evil is is act is so household. the in any The most most unobtrusive demeanor. make man think better of Slander and calumny were never so insolently licentious country as they are this day in ours. and reluctant to ascribe to them evil thousand presses. flooding the country with their evanescent leaves. that he will not hold it up as villainy. woman. and not vain-glorious nor filled with self-conceit. are busily and incessantly engaged in maligning the motives and conduct of men and parties. alas. A that ever. retiring disposition. that the unscrupulous vender of lies who pure lives by pandering to a corrupt and morbid public appetite will not proclaim it as a crime. even accidentally. for the people's suffrages. They are apparent to and lamented over by all. scarcely one is found . vituperation when he who has done such service presents himself as a candidate soned arrows. nor endeavor to improve upon what He has done. is no The most eminent public service only makes their and invective more eager and more unscrupulous. Journalism pries into the interior of private houses. OR PRUSSIAN KNIGHT. NOACHITE. and deliberately invents and wide-spread and universal.XXI. and in making one man think worse of another while. Be not wiser in your own opinion than the Deity. or so praiseworthy. intentions.

One world. to curse them with souls so cruel as to strive to add to a wretchedness already intolerable. the censure bestowed but praise is deserved instead of censure. and nothing was to be seen but hideous misery and mutilation. that a man. in his 335 not to remove them. and not to make him more dis- consolate. who have upon men's acts. he should have a mind to commiserate his mishap. are engaged. With the errors and even sins of other men. and : drop some tears in pity of his folly and wretchedness and if they were merely human and not brutal. in truth. Such is the revolting work in which journalism and political partisanship. A Mason will can basely libel at nobility of soul. by those and commissioned themselves Keepers of the appointed Public Morals. Nature did grievous wrong to human bodies. and. is To envenom to a name by libels. to write or speak against no other one in this Each man in it has enough to do. Very generally. one. OR PRUSSIAN KNIGHT. fallen into public disgrace. . it is always extravagant. : jeered at another who was bloated by dropsy how one laughed at another's cancer of the face and this one again at his neighbor's lock-jaw or squint until at last the delirious fever-patient sprang . If they had any they would with him condole his disasters. When a Mason hears of any man that hath. and tore away the coverings from the wounded bodies of his companions. on the street corners and retail One would them be ashamed to stand orally for pennies. we have nothing to do. Often it is not only undeserved. wonder what spirit they are endowed withal. There is no obligation resting on us to trumpet forth power to lessen. to watch and keep guard : Each of us is sick enough in this great Lazaretto and journalism and polemical writing constantly remind us of a scene once witnessed in a little hospital where it was horrible to over himself. ought. and need not our condemnation to be odious. is undeserved. who was wasted by consumption. and therefore unjust. and the journalist has no patent that makes him the Censor of Morals. hear how the patients mockingly reproached each other with their : disorders and infirmities how . when the latter is not undeserved. even. that do not personally affect us or ourr<. tainted. and half the world outside of Masonry. if our disapproval of every wrongful or injudicious or improper act that every other man commits. that already is add stripes with an iron rod to one that openly flayed with is . that is fallen.NOACHITE. out of his bed.

a gentle. and calls on his fellows to laud him and admire him. to make them fall and when that has happened. for the chivalric act he hath done. courtesy . : . where the current of life pulsates. that will none may note them. his enemy. innocent. and who make it their business is feriors. quivering. That every blow at this husband and father lacerates the pure and tender bosoms of that wife and those daughters. and. in striking his dagger through one heart into another tender and trusting quiet home. he hath erred. they slime the way of others. and being in the image of God. you seek for high and strained carriages. being mortal. apt to note a fault and publish it.other men on high. he hath repented. they feed their insulting envy on the : life-blood of the prostrate. To be modest and unaffected If most with our superiors is duty . and it is none the less so. loving wife and innocent do not know of his past errors and lapses perhaps past and long repented of or if they do. Public reproof is herd it not only wounds him. and holds his head erect. Like the crocodile. of the spy hath ever been held dishonorable. nobleness. they manufac: . but betrays him The occupation to the hound. now that with rare exceptions editors and partisans have become perpetual spies upon the actions of other men. because. who . a fireside of his children. and to every well-tempered mind will seem most inhuman and unmanly. whipping. They set the vices of . for the gaze of the world. one. Arrogance is a weed that ever grows on a dunghill. to deprave even those things in which the doer's intents were honest. If thev cannot wound upon proofs. Even the man who does wrong and commits errors often has a own. you shall. meet with them in low men. tender bosoms and then goes out upon the great arteries of cities. they love him the better. and place their virtues under-ground. There to in the besmear deserving fames. It is from the rankness of that soil that she hath her height and spreadings. is a consideration that doth not stay the hand of the brutal journalist and partisan but he strikes home at these shrinking. for the part.JJu MORALS AND DOGMA. to the : like striking a deer loss of blood. with our in- no arrogance so great as the proclaimof other men's errors and faults. by those who understand ing nothing but the dregs of actions. Their malice makes them nimble-eyed. with a strained construction. they do it upon likelihoods and if not upon them. with our equals.

Mason in this matter. wit : and it : if that be not a flattery persuading to continuance. out of nothing: and so corrupt . like saltpetre and sulphur being even . Wise men had rather know. . more deadly than they. and leave what we know not to the Searcher of Hearts for mistakes. halting. than tell. the bravo's trade. to make his tongue the defamer of the worthy man. And even if once raised will scarce ever both a harbor and is. And if there be vices mixed with them. the fair tempter of men's reputations knowing that the multitude will believe them. always and scrupulously to tell the truth. practised by him who stabs the defenceless for a price paid by individual or party. a slander die. Nay. or other innocent persons who love him may and . If there be and he is called upon to speak of him who owns them. his parents. and. hire lies. If we even do know vices in men. There is but one rule for the virtues. For if the evil-doer deserve no pity. than negatives to uncredit them and that a lie travels faster than an eagle flies. Where we want experience. for self-examination would make all judgments judgment charitable. they would Ignorance gives disparagement a louder tongue than knowledge does. while the contradiction limps after it at a snail's pace. in Venice. If men weighed the imperfections breathe less of humanity. suspicions. Frequent dispraises are but the faults of uncharitable is from where there is no j udgment. Once. valued according as they are profitable and effective and are stored up and have a market price. is really no more respectable now than it was a hundred years ago. or his children. Lies are part of the regular ammunition of all campaigns and controversies. it is contrary to the morality of journalism. to be suspected of equivocation was enough to soil a gentleman's escutcheon but now it has become a strange merit in a partisan or statesman. let him tell them forth impartially. Charity bids us think the best. . OR PRUSSIAN KNIGHT. 337 as God created the world. that the heaviest comes. let him be content the world shall know them by some other tongue than his.NOACHITE. because affirmations are apter to win belief. never overtakes it. And it is the basest office man can fall into. This . that great favor is conceded. his wife. : . beyond any other. we can scarce show ourselves in a nobler virtue than in the charity of concealing them condemnation. the age of falsehood. to allow a lie to be contradicted in the place that spawned allow it it. or fail of finding many that will trust.

no subjection of one man to the will of another.338 MORALS AND DOGMA. and can see a short and more direct means of attaining them. finally. Let him steer far away from all those vain philosophies. Nor let him have any alliance with those theonsts who chide the delays of Providence and busy themselves to hasten the slow march which it has imposed upon events who neglect the practical. without admitting that there is a God. and worship it alone which annihilate Spirit. separate and apart from the Universe which is his work: which erect Universal Nature into a God. yielding to the of Providence. under the belief that rightly ordered by an Infinite to a great by ascending he will mount so high that God will disappear or be superseded by a great monstrous aggregate of material forces. and perfect result. than it pleases Him to employ who would have no discords in the great harmony of the : Universe of things but equal distribution of property. to : : : struggle after impossibilities : who are wiser than Heaven . nor set up his own imperfect sense of Right against His Providence the and dispensations. evermore. in building a new Tower change that which is fixed by an in- law of God's enactment: but Superior of events Wisdom is let him. know the aims and purposes of the Deity. is least danger in a And. Let him not spend his of Babel flexible . nor attempt too rashly to explore the Mysteries of God's Infinite Essence and inscrutable plans. make the actual. logical formula. and to labor for the good of the human race in that mode in which God has chosen to enact that that good shall be effected: and above all. content to believe that the march Wisdom. and envy often injure a clear fame and there charitable construction. . nor destitution. the Mason should be humble and modest toward Grand Architect of the Universe. and of that Great Nature which we are not made capable to understand. and not impugn His Wisdom. in attempting to as they do. no compulsory labor. by logical formulas and dextrous collocation of words. let him build no Tower of Babel. which endeavor to account for all that is. but. . and leads. and believe no testimony except that of the bodily senses which. living. nor pauperism. or mere glittering. and still no starvation. let him though we cannot see it. and protecting God fade into the dim mistiness of a mere abstraction and unreality. guiding. itself a mere logical formula. standing humbly and . be satisfied to follow the path pointed out by that Providence. life.

He rules the world are infinitely wise. and compassionates and that the eternal ways . let him be satisfied that there is a real God.NOACBITE. OR PRUSSIAN KNIGHT. who loves. and sympathizes. 339 reverently upon the earth and looking with awe and confidence toward Heaven. by which far they of man. a Father and a protector. a person. no matter how may be above the feeble comprehension and limited vision . and not a formula.

and sees it go. having made his machine of a Universe. and suffer. respect for labor itself. : The of all faith in everywhere an Invisible. KNIGHT OF THE ROYAL AXE PRINCE OF LIBANUS. SYMPATHY with the great laboring classes. creators. It its pass-words. work. The idea is as simple and true as it is sublime. Out of that belief comes Atheism. done faithfully. It is all work. It is the hands of brave. each in his degree or drained a marsh. Directing Deity. in old immemorial ages. they are at who sets the craft to work and gives them proper instruction. present we see. Masonry is the apotheosis of WORK. and himself the companion of Kings. and they are purely Masonic. even as the Almighty Founder and Worldbuilder Himself. It venerates the Grand Architect of the Unicommemorates the building of a Temple. Its princiIt pal emblems are the working tools of Masons and Artisans. Genuine work alone. The Almighty Maker is not like one who. nor for any God. The real conquerors. cultivated world a world for us. sits ever since. Masonry has made a working-man and his associates the Heroes of her principal legend. forgotten men that have made this great. All work is noble a life of ease is not for any man. 34o . and eternal propriforgotten populous. is eternal. The Master the overseer the Brethren meet together. the name of the first worker in brass and iron as one of preserves Masonry is verse. and resolution these are the lessons of this Degree. or contrived a wise scheme. From first to last. or did forest-tree or said a true or valiant thing therein. etors of every great and civilized land are all the heroic souls that : ever were in all the men that ever felled a it. When is labor. and work. is the essence faith whatsoever.XXII. to do some good ivork in our day and generation. in all that life The of all Gods figures itself to us as a Sublime Earnestness. and work. Unnameable.

. To work is to try himself against Nature and her unerring. but is a crown of thorns. from tyr. Labor is the truest emblem of God. fronting which frightens back all others. want. Hercules was worshipped for twelve labors. and Napoleon There is a perennial nobleness and even sacredness in work. perseverance. That night once come. which is yet to be the King of this Earth. They people the vacuity of Time. of method. The Czar of Russia became a toiling shipwright. His only true . faithfulness. It remains. and the night cometh. Men without duties to do. and worked with and something came of that. The day passes swiftly over. So neither have the swine. They have a life. or even ill-worn. everlasting laws and they will return true verdict as to him. The noblest Epic is a mighty Empire slowly built together. Whatsoever of morality and intelligence what of patience. . there is The chief of . . the peril men is he who stands in the van of men. well-worn. energy in a word. Re he never so benighted and forgetful o* his high calling. For the Son of Man there is no noble crown. 34! is named of Infinite battle against Infinite labor. Nature owns no man who is not also a MarShe scorns the man who sits screened from all work. whatsoever of STRENGTH a man has in him. and grow. a mighty series of heroic deeds. But our work is not abolished. and become as things that never were. a mighty conquest over : Deeds are greater than words. time out of mind. 23 . and has not vanished. . will lie written . wherein no man can work. insight. or the want of it remains. are like trees planted on precipices from the roots of which all the earth has crumbled. our happiness and unhappiness are vanished. to love pleasant things and find them.KNIGHT OF THE ROYAL AXE. in the WORK he does. but undeniable . and if not vanquished would devour them. and sit on the highest Throne. hardship. Man's highest destiny is not to be happy. his axe in the docks of Saardam and effected somewhat. the victory over which is work and has and yet there are all his work and battling done by other men men who pride themselves that they and theirs have done no work chaos. danger. . and get his destiny as a man fulfilled. mute. . for endless Times and Eternities. the Architect and Eternal Maker nobleJLabor.mappiness should be that he cannot work. Our highest religion the Worship of Sorrow. our life passes swiftly over. and make it green and worthy. ingenuity. Cromwell worked.

34 2 MORALS AND DOGMA. an eternal enemy to attack and subdue him. and stately cities and withal. . speaks to us. more awful than . wholesome jungle and desert thereby. wherever found. with his unspoken voice. Stars. Jungles are cleared away. Perseverance. is worship. unpreached. Indignation. to rest not while we live and it lives. Fair seed-fields rise instead. or of the brain or in their never-resting course. To make Disorder. "laborare est orare. Desire. There was the deep. Even He. . and Enduring forever. "Work and therein have well-being. the man himself first ceases to be a foul un. Labor. has its summit in Heaven. or the syllabled speech of the Hurricane. with their longmoldering dust speak to us. the whole soul of man is composed in the meanest sort into a kind of real harmony. the Sacred Celestial Life-essence. and even Despair shrink murmuring far off into their caves. readiness to resolution to do better own himself mistaken. Courage. and improve. as soon as work fitly begins. in the name of God. the noblest thing yet discovered beneath the Let the weary cease to think that labor is a curse and Deity. Even of labor." is the oldest of Gospels . : always hope in a alone is man who actually and earnestly works in Idleness there perpetual Despair. this is our duty as Masons commanded us by the Highest God. . wide as the Earth." and can man love except by working earnestly to benefit that being est truth in that whom he loves? . Labor is life. inarticulate. inaction but only in activity and exertion. but of Intelligence and Divinity. but ineradicable. the Stars : Space and all Time." "He prayeth best who loveth best all things both great and small . saying of the old monks. the subject not of Chaos. From the inmost heart of the worker rises his God-given Force. By it man learns Patience. The Unborn Ages the old Graves. and make order of him. whenever the man bends himself resolutely against his task. Sorrow. silently and admonish us that we too must work while it is called continually to-day. The deep Death-Kingdoms. Doubt. Remorse. whether with the sweat of the brow. the moment he begins to work. Openness to light. wherever found. doom pronounced by Without it there could be no true . breathed into him by Almighty God and awakens him to all nobleness. To toil. Onl> by labor will man continThere is no Religion in stagnation and ually learn the virtues. all heart. to smite it wisely and umveariedly. stupidity and brute-mindedness. and of ourselves to attack ignorance. Man perfects himself by working. the thunders of Sinai.

manual or mental. Masonry teaches that every idler ought to hasten to some field of labor. this Universe was all a they alone surviving there. Self-Sacrifice. inventors. Energy. is more honorable than rank and title. according to our acquirements and our capacities. Duty is with us ever. and people the unmeasured solitudes of Time. To the primeval man. poets. it ever does) direct from God whatsoever duty lay visible for him. but break it with the mind. it as. to do that which lies before us to do. Fortitude. each a man and our brother. in whom dwelt Thought. as Heroes. this a Supreme God had prescribed. descended on him (as in mere fact. and form one grand. Without it. Masonry because It has been broken it desires to build toil Heaven's great ordinance for down for ages and It has been broken down. all stand upon one common level. nobler than enjoyment because the laborer is worthy of honor than the idler. Ploughers. 343 human nature. whatsoever good came. where would be the human virtues? Where Patience. Masonry stands . and sorrow. and writers. for him to fashion into splendor and beauty. They fulfill the great law of labor in the letter. Bravery. to be idle. not because of that splendor and beauty but because the act creating them is better than the things themselves be: . innumerable host. in some sort. and see his fellow-workmen there. Temple. Let him who weak human memory they long survive. as Saints. It was well to provide rude and unsightly materials in the ore-bed and the forest. and as Gods they alone survive. in God's Eternity toils ! . cause exertion is greater and more up for the nobility of labor. For the primeval man. in Even the : . It was well to give the earth to man as a dark mass. and pain. as a chosen and coveted theatre of improvement but he is not impelled to do so. . under the teachings . Disinteres? tedness. spinners and builders. whereon to labor. and evermore forbids us To work with the hands or brain.IINIGHT OF excellence in THE ROYAL AXE. men only because they must. It was well. but break it in the spirit: they fulfill it with the muscles. marching ever onward since the beginning of the world each entitled to our sympathy and respect. up again. nor feel humiliated look up. It is . human improvement. Endurance. Submission. advocates. . life everywhere a Worship. and men of science. a degrading necessity and desiring nothing so much on earth as to escape from it. the noblest excellencies of the Soul Let him complain not. Perseverance. submitting to .

a breach of Heaven's great Ordinance. a discipline. work of manufactories. In an artificial state of society. to the achievement of some result. with every weary step and every urgent task. every human toiler. and fulfilling a design far beyond his : own design. and converting them to purposes of improvement and happiness. ous of the flaunting robes of imbecile idleness and vanity. is obeying a wisdom far above his own wisdom. he sits down. of bjain. We : are not sent into the world crop the spontaneous herbage of the field. being an animal. On the contrary. to . is treason to Nature. a school of improvement. is Labor From own thoughts int the moulds of Nature. to the strong man who fells the oak or guides the ship or the steam-car. Labor is a more beneficent ministration than man's ignorance comprehends. on which Mother Nature has stamped. midst fire and steam. of an imperfect civilization. It is all a training. a nurse of virtues. TOIL. lies at the foundation of all human improvement. or hand. and with the hand of ingenuity to pour only. his peculiar distinction and his privilege. The great law of human industry is this that industry. impiety to Heaven. that eats and drinks and sleeps to become a worker. folds It is glorifies himself in his idleness. heart. From the poor boy who gathers a few sticks for his mother's hearth. or his complainings will admit. of the dingy workshop and dusty labor-field. To be ashamed of toil. the application of our powers to some task. of and weather-stained garments. working either with the hand or the mind. is the only true manhood and genuine nobility. The Earth and the Atmosphere are man's laboratory. time that this opprobrium of toil were done away. it is not mere blind drudgery. the design of Providence. The world is the great and appointed school of industry.344 MORALS AND DOOM A. his hands. midst sun and rain. is the greatest possible his step in privilege. stained with service more honorable than that of war. mankind is divided into the idle and the laboring classes but such was not . fashioning them into forms of grace and fabrics of convenience. With . Even when its end is hidden from him. man's great function. and then to lie down in indolent repose but we are sent to dig the soil and plough the sea to do the business of cities and the like animals. her own heraldic honors to be ashamed of these tokens and titles. a development of energies. and envi. of the hard and blesses and the soiled hand.

man was made to be ever working. It never yet did answer. as the scliDol . is not to be regarded as mere drudgery. It is better for the : wholly wrong. he must always be a laborer. fulfill nothing. Without it. and their infinite depths still in all the worlds of philosophy. clothed with armor and they must kill him. and it never will answer. for nobler endeavors. a training in this primary school of our being. with mining-shafts and furnaces and forges. all the labor of a whole life is to be accomplished in a brief portion of it. He is nothing. universe of intellect. to ride. of escaping from exertion and selfis denial. that. he can be nothing.-'er lounge. is not to give it with himself now that independ- him exemption from employment. or themselves die. The is idle must hunt down the hours as . he can gain neither lofty improvement nor tolerable happiness. for any man to do nothing. and enjoy life as it and die poorer. to be exempt from all care and effort. to be acquired in the course of ten . ever experimenting. are around him. a large part of the term of human existence is to be exonerated from the cares of industry and self-denial. without working. No man can way.KNIGHT OF THE ROYAL AXE. It is best of all for him to passes banish from the mind that empty dream of future indolence and to live richer indulgence . and the splendors of Heaven image and in the invite his thought. to walk. which shall suffice for the rest of life that by some prosperous traffic or grand speculation. with the mind or the body. if he gains it. It is best for him to know. their prey. whirl of swift and bright machinery. 345 spade and plough. in order to be a happy man. Mason to live while he lives. is founded upon a grave mistake. To them Time an enemy. upon a misconception of the true nature and design of business. . of his earthly education to settle ence. a wise ordination. The desire of accumulation for the sake of securing a life of ease and gratification. though very common. or twenty years. with fire and steam. and of the conditions of human well-being. man must be a worker. and to feast alone. to address himself to the business of 'ife. can achieve nothing. but as a good dis: cipline. midst the noise and. that by dexterous management. and abroad in the silent fields. God made a law against it: which no human can annul. bodily and mental. or with both and that the reasonable exertion of his powers. And while he and all his dwellings of care and toil are borne onward with the circling skies. and spheres of higher activity hereafter. no human The idea that a property is ingenuity evade. to live in that pov.

Even utter indolence reposes on treasures that labor at some time gained and gathered. It honors him who goes forth amid the struggling elements to fight his battle. and soften or stay the if bitter hours that are hastening it to madness or to the grave . the Toiler. upon them even to think of them. and conduct its streams in the right channels. Without it. behind . and no hope for the future. either of the there glorious in the world. him who produces and not alone consumes him who puts forth his hand to add to the treasury of human comforts. but to min- ister ease What record? is labor. itself a work of if he can be the friend art. he can stand between the oppressor and his prey. with the productions of lofty genius and helper of humble worth if he can seek it out. exertion. modestly.346 MORALS AND DOGMA. its What work? ris- What are cultivated but its toil? The busy marts. somebody has at some time worked. . the ing cities. where failing desire a fortune. But if and indulgence. and academies of art if he can open fountains of knowledge for the people. of the mighty footsteps of labor. and bid the fetter and the dungeon give up their victim if he can build up great insti. and to place his children in the same bad school. the buried cities of Italy and Mexico. facilitating effort. if wealth would be him the handmaid of . It honors the Worker. and yet does not starve. but fields. the enriched empires of the world are but the great treasure-houses of labor The pyramids of Egypt. . the castles and towers and temples of Europe. but its are the treasures of genius and art. Without it antiquity would not have been. He that does nothing. if he can do better for the poor than to bestow alms . instead of forever opening the old reservoirs and resources for their improvidence if he has sufficient . success to endeavor then it. there would be no memory of the past. and yet warily and may it is to do nothing for him. the canals and railroads of Christendom. has still his significance for he is a standing proof that . heart and soul to do to all this. or part of it . . desire and giving he lawfully. and not alone to take away. tutions of learning. and devise plans for their elevation in knowledge and virtue. all round the world. are but tracks. with cowardly effeminacy. There are reasons why a Mason may lawfully and even earnestly If he can fill some fine palace. But not to such does Masonry do honor. and who shrinks not. that is not the product of body or of the mind ? What is history. health or adverse fortune presses it hard. then there is no reason why he should desire it.

if it rises at all. the best condition for man. poets. The third generation almost inevitably goes clown the rolling wheel of fortune. poor artisans and tion. without a law of entail to help it. and the resolute and brave heart. the countervailed by the healthful tone of license . have been achieved by poor men poor scholars. and dwarfish. and the not heir to their wealth. A certain staidness and sobriety. born) . and manyhanded labor that toils in workshop. paternal industry and maternal watching and weariness wisdom teaching and patience learning. under that condigence. and there learns the energy necessary to rise again. its all and mental weaknesses. They drop from its imbecile hand. effeminate. into the grave loathsome vices. soul's vices of are. That is. and dies under them. are good for man. and the grand sphere of human improvement. beneath its mild and beneficent sway. His mind was not made for indulsinks. and study. to the bodily diseases. and men of genius. and break out into universal and the world would sink. and the toil- ing brain. if for the next. rotten as Herod. heir. now the dissipation of fortunes. And he who pampers his body with luxuries and his mind with indulgence. the brow of care that presides over the State. then. and the manly nerve.KNIGHT OF THE ROYAL AXE. who must toil for a subsistence. anxious And yet we almost . Almost poor philosophers. bequeaths the consequences to the minds and bodies of his descendants. . . would breed universal disease. It sickens. as the present generation could lay up a complete provision some men desire to do for their children the . without the wealth which was their cause. a certain moderation and restraint. poor pro. If the whole world could acquire wealth. all of its own the noblest things that have been achieved in the world. artists. has always lacked the energy even to keep its own treasures. and of us. God has not made a world of rich men but rather a world of poor men or of men. world would be destroyed at a single blow. It grows weak. as it is. His body was not made for luxuries. It honors the great and beautiful offices of humanity. the sweating brow. ancestors. field. 347 pillows of ease. For wealth. and woman's task. (and one man is as much entitled to it as another. when he is manhood's toil . cease with the with the necessity for demand for exertion it . all would would stop improvement All industry mischiefs of which are society. a certain pressure of circumstances. It honors the strong muscle. at least. . fessional men.

overwhelmed by her own vices more than by the hosts of her enemies all these. and the servitor of hospiand physical enjoyment: but just in proportion as its tality tendencies. and mental put. its men to meet the days of peril and disaster. Republics. and minister to vanity. scarcely be too little of it. are running that way. among the children of ease. the minister of elegancies To a certain extent it may laudably be and luxuries. and build luxurious houses. . not more selfish and effeminate. or to insure that our grand-children shall be on this road to indulgence. That is the law which has presided over the great processions of empire. : wealth will follow in the sad train of all past examples. . Jhere could scarcely be too much of it. The history of wealth has always been a history of corruption and downfall. Nor does that peril attach to individuals and families alone. But if the utmost aim. The lessons of past times. as they become more rich. indulgence. and ambition of wealth -be. in the experience of Cities. extravagance. whose merchants possessed the wealth of princes Babylon and Palmyra. and Empires. divested of all higher aims and tastes. degradation. any people the theatre of virtue. Sidon and Tyre. laden with the spoils of a world. . and building up institutions of learning around us. The people never existed that could stand the for trial. a fearful beacon. luxury. its loftiest talents and virtues.34$ to put MORALS AND DOGMA. they are running to peril and evil. If wealth were employed in promoting mental culture at home and works of philanthropy abroad if it were multiplying studies of art. our children. effort. are examples of the destructive tendencies of immense and unnatural accumulation and men must become more generous and benevolent. manly energy. soul malady. vice. Boundless profusion is too little likely to spread and bone and sinew and lofty strength of a country. It stands. . leprosy. the seats of Asiatic luxury Rome. You do not look the In the great march of the races of men over the earth. there could . and ostentation. if it were in every way raising the intellectual character of the world. for rigid self-denial. on this subject. we have always seen opulence and luxury sinking before poverty and toil and hardy nurture. are emphatic and solemn. and many more. its martyrs to patriotism or religion. or the history of modern . and ruin this heirship of hereditary disease. and luxury. to procure rich furniture/ and provide costly entertainments.

which is far more than speech. love. celebrated on the historic or poetic page the constancy and faith of Truth's martyrs the beauty of love . . seem most to enjoy it. the payment of just debts. and nature. The farmer who labors for the beautifying and scientific cultivation of his estate. are. and inventors. Why work. The be. nor statesmanship? The answer is. He portrays virtues. velop beauty in their work. all who seek to find principles or demechanicians. Artists. devotion. in their essence only that which every man may feel and practise in the daily walks of life. and pleasure. . who have the loftiest ends in view. for it is a nobler thing to be a hero than to describe one. The work of virtue is nobler than any work of genius . is more happy in his labors than one who tills his own land for a mere subsistence. that flash from the lips of the Eloquent. nor by lofty elo. or the relief attain the pursuits of multitudes is connected a painful conviction that they neither supply a sufficient object. greater and sublimer than any work of genius and works upon a nobler material than wood or marble upon his own soul and intellect. magnanimity of Heroes. and his life. magnanimity. This is one of the signal testimonies which all human employments give to the high demands of our desire distinction. and of authors. All 349 and feel the need of some ennobling Those persons are usually most happy and satisfied in their pursuits. quence. commended to our the soul's greatness. admiration and imitation. may be eloquent. of kindred. : ease. and may so attain the highest nobleness and grandeur known on earth orinHeaven mayso be the greatest of artists. . if the world is soon not to know that such a being ever existed and when one can perpetuate his name neither on canvas nor on marble. To gather wealth never gives such satisfaction as to bring at least. To embody these portraitures in our lives is the practical realization of those great ideals of art. He conceives. nor confer any satis- With factory honor. that every man has a work to do in himself. or mere luxury. and represents moral beauty. fortitude.KNIGHT OF THE ROYAL AXE. forgiveness. and piety glowing on the canvas the delineations of Truth and Right. when the humblest piece of machinery to perfection wealth is sought for display and ostentation. . men object in life. nor in books. The . and not for ends of philanthropy. what we should do. or as a means to some other great and noble object. He great author or artist only portrays what every man should conceives.

in the great ordiproach nances of our being. is a higher glory. and he do nothing. . . in the hard and beaten path of daily care and toil.35 to MORALS AND DOGMA. . it will be still nobler for you to go and do that which one describes. no praise in simple disinterestedness. silence and seclusion. and shall inherit a brighter crown. that makes no complaint . and won there. and to write what is worthy of being read. and sometimes insulted suffering. carried on in the inmost depths of the heart what is done. in the solemn apIn the great Providence of God. Masonry seeks to ennoble common life. endure martyrdom than to paint it. penury. Its work is to go down into the obscure and unsearched records of daily conduct and feeling and to portray. and neglect. full of uncelebrated sacrifices in the suffering. to do right than to plead it. amidst our occupations and our homes in wearing sickness. but rather in. in the daily walks bereavement. or be the model which the other draws. . A good man is a nobler for object of contemplation than a great author. It is not even in extraordinary situations. to vanity or or to any ends less than immortal. and the greater of these is the doing. The loftiest action that ever was described is not more magnanimous than that which we may find occasion to do. Action is greater than writing. What is done and borne in the shades of privacy. that the highest efforts of virtue are usually demand- ed of us. where all our energy is aroused. and all our vigilance is awake. . from in sorely-tried honesty. and borne. in distress. can can the author can describe or the artist paint. . Every man has to do the noblest thing that any man can do or describe. resisting pain. hiding the hand that resigns its advantage to another. cheerfulness. . that asks . there is opened to every man a sphere for the of life . that wears to the world a cheerful brow in the long strife of the spirit. not the ordinary virtue of an extraordinary life but the more extraordinary virtue of ordinary life. On the volume of Masonic life one bright word is written. Let therefore no Mason to mediocrity or meanness. and wrought. in temptation. energy. No one profitable truly say that the grand prizes of life are for others. and dignity of human existence. where all eyes are upon us. There is a wide field for the courage. in to death. noblest action. No matter how magnificent and noble an act deem his life doomed un- toil. There are but two things worth living for: to do what is worthy of being written.

a little better and more worthy of Him. side blazes 351 an ineffable splendor. in . and more manful and hopeful and happy. are part of your duties as a Knight of the Royal Axe. which on every DUTY. or in making some one or two human hearts a little wiser. And if we can succeed making some small nook of God's creation a little more fruitful and cheerful. because. That word is aid in securing to all labor permanent employment and its just reward: to help to hasten the coming of that time when no one shall suffer from hunger or destitution. or because he has been overtaken by sickness in the midst of his labor. worthy of Masons. and acceptable to our Father in Heaven.KNIGHT OK THE ROYAL AXE. we shall have done work. he can find no employment. though will- To ing and able to work.

those of the Initiates would nate Isles. 352 fly to the Fortu- . The Mysteries of Eleusis. Many barbarous nations received the knowledge of the Mysteries in honor The most widely disseminated of these divinities from the Egyptians. all the others. "those holy and august Eleusinian Mysteries. . while the souls of the Profane on leaving their bodies. and remain . tions neglected their while all own. and everybody was admitted to them. and even beyond limits. Dionusos. AMONG most of the Ancient Nations there was. Ceres. a private one styled the Mysteries to which those only were admitted who had been prepared by certain cere- monies called those of initiations. buried in darkness. with the Initiits ates. the abode of the Gods. of the ancient worships were Isis. and the little. Orpheus. in the Eleusinian feasts. . and Mithras. the great.XXIII. The latter were a kind of preparation for the former. as little it were. CHIEF OF THE TABERNACLE. "in which the people of the remotest lands are initiated. celebrated at Athens in honor of Ceres. swallowed up. and nature and her works were made known. two sorts of Mysteries. before they arrived in Greece. learned by them from the Egyptians. and sometimes of four years. Greece and Asia Minor were to celebrate those of Eleusis filled All the neighboring naand in a . Ordinarily there was a novitiate of three." said Cicero. There were. and was the completion and perfection of all instruction wherein things were seen as they were." Zosimus says that they embraced the whole human race and Aristides termed them the common temple of the whole world. their public worship. and even in the British Isles the Druids celebrated those of Dionusos. Clemens of Alexandria says that what was taught in the great Mysteries concerned the Universe. The ancients said that the Initiates would be more happy after death than other mortals and that. in addition to . would be plunged in the mire. They spread into the Roman Empire.

from a material.CHIEF OF THE TABERNACLE. forms. Wherever they arose." Proclus held that initiation elevated the soul." And it is therefore not surprising that. in time. "that Athens. divine human family. and who practise toward citizen and straxger every possible act of justice and piety. "It ist. into Egypt. for it is through them that in reality have learned the first principles of life. has produced none compar- able to the Mysteries. seems to me. "shineth the beneficent daystar. Nero. dare to be present at the celebration of the Mysteries and Antony presented himself to be initiated. Plato said that the object of the Mysteries was to re-establish its primitive purity. . as was usual. initiation came to be considered as and necessary as baptism afterward was to the Christians to the Mysteries was held a that not to have been admitted ." the Mysteries originated is not known. and moralto the Cicero. : The Initiates were regarded as the only fortunate men. to a communion and celestial intercourse with the species the Gods. and purely human life. and." says the great orator. It is supposed India. dishonor. they were thence were carried that they Where came from practised among all the ancient nations. who are initiated. and in that state of perfection the soul in which it had lost. and very useful among many excellent inventions." says Aristophanes. Gods and that a variety of were shown Initiates. It is with good reason they use the term initiation. "whatever is met with therein has been instituted by our Masters. Epictetus said. philosopher. the in- Thracians. after murdering his mother. and they not only teach us to live in a manner more consoling and agree- we able. representing the . which for a wild and ferocious life have substituted humanity and urbanity of manners. but they soften the pains of death life by the hope of a better hereafter. for the instruction of man and the correction of morals. Cretans. and into Greece. We alone receive pleasure from the influence of his rays we. as the most infallible mode of proving his innocence of the death of Avidius Cassius. and Athenians each claimed the honor of . sensual. did not ates. things. "It is upon us alone. by the way of Chaldasa. first and generation of Purity of morals and elevation of soul were required of the InitiCandidates were required to be of spotless reputation and irreproachable virtue.

represented by an officer styled King: and the Priest played but a subordinate part. The Mysteries. in Greece. The instruction now conveyed by books and . In Egypt and the East. was because the superficial popular theology left a want unsatisfied. They were not in any open hostility with the popular religion. were all kings or legislators. if it . country to Asia. Greece. which were not only more attractive to the eye than words. it treated a mysterious subject mystically it endeavored to illustrate what it could not explain to excite an appropriate feeling. all religion. could not develop an adequate idea and made the image a mere subordinate conveyance for the conception. letters was of old and the priest had to invent or to perpetuconveyed by symbols ate a display of rites and exhibitions. and each insisted that they had borrowed nothing from any other people. which religion in a wider sense alone could supply. acknowledged the abstruseness of its subject. and that . and unchanging. taught that doctrine of the Theocracia or Divine Oneness. . even in its most poetical was more or less a mystery . The civil magistrates shaped the ceremonies to the sages who carried them from that political ends in Egypt . They were practical acknowledgments of the insufficiency of the popular religion to satisfy the deeper thoughts and aspirations of the mind. by its indefiniteness. The vagueness of symbolism might perhaps reach what a more palpable and conventional creed could not. but often to the mind more suggestive and pregnant with meaning. and the chief reason why.354 vention. MORALS AND DOGMA. and the North of Europe. eternal. Afterward. The Powers revered in the Mysteries were all in reality NatureGods none of whom could be consistently addressed as mere heroes. became too obvious or familiar. forms. than religious. single. but only a more solemn exhibition of its symbols or rather a part of itself in a more impressive form. The chief magistrate presided at those of Eleusis. which itself never . the ancient poetry. consists in this. that the conception of an unapproachable Being. which even poetry does not entirely conceal. because their nature was confessedly super-heroic. . a distinct name and office were assigned to the Mysteries. The former. as of all polytheism. the institution became rather moral and political. The essence of all Mysteries. only in fact a more solemn expression of the religion of .

employing her universal symbolism instead of rewarding the humblest inquirer. Beyond the current traditions or sacred recitals of the temple. whose manifold power is immediately revealed round of movement. yet Even if destitute of any formal or official enunciation of those it important truths. and death. and disclosing its secrets to every one in proportion to his preparatory training and power to comprehend them. They attempted to reach the understanding through the eye and the greater part of all religious teaching was conveyed through this ancient and most impressive mode of "exhibition" or demonstration. technicalities of language. the shows of the Mysteries certainly contained suggestions if not lessons. few explanations were given to the spectators. is a more efficacious instrument of instruction than plain didactic language since we are habitually indifferent to that which is acquired without effort "The initiated are few. exhibiting some Nature is as free . life. and which moreover lose their dignity and value in proportion as they are learned mechanically as dogmas. or rather a representa. offered a perpetual problem to excite curiosity." And it would have been impossible to provide a lesson suited to every degree of cultivation and capacity. The method of indirect suggestion. who were left. as to the Christian. of a 355 God to the senses in the incessant fell of Nature. legend significant of Nature's change. though many bear the thyrsus. enabling them to augur something . finds asunder compensating excitement obscure. in the treatment. which if it obtain no nourishment among the simple and intelligible. and conThey tributed to satisfy the all-pervading religious sentiment. and were separately symbolized. and whose import was in many respects as open to the Pagan. to make inferences for themselves. as in the school of nature. unless it were one framed after Nature's example. of the visible Universe in which the divinity is revealed. were adapted to elevate the character of the spectators. earliest instructors of . . : tion of Nature herself. inviting endless research. but as far as possible adhered to her method of imparting them. by allegory or symbol. which in the opinion not of one competent witness only.CHIEF OF THE TABERNACLE. which even in a cultivated age was often found inexpedient to assert except under a veil of allegory. The Mysteries were a sacred drama. but of many. in a reverential contemplation of the from dogmatism as from tyranny and th mankind not only adopted her lessons.

35^ MORALS AND DOGMA. implying neither exemption from research. The Mysteries. or incapable of interpreting their signifi. like the symbols of Masonry. to live better and to die happier. nor hosfor. The alteration from symbol to dogma is as fatal to beauty of expression. compare. like the Mysteries. Everywhere in the old Mysteries. which addressed imagination : it through the which. as in others they are correct. as well as of the means of improving it. and judge. rather to awaken and develop in the minds of his hearers the ideas with which they were already endowed or pregnant. unites Human Attributes . who. and develop the symbols for himself. aided by them. but must. as that from faith to dogma is to truth and wholesomeness of thought. many than those impressive exhibitions. than titious opinions. The ing . but the opening of a problem. said to have eschewed dogmas. and they having as it were marked out the way for him. Her symbols are the instruction she gives. and in all the symbolisms and ceremonial of the Hierophant was found the same mythical personage. Unlike the religion of books or creeds. were but an image of the eloquent analogies of Nature both those and these revealing no new secret to such as were or are unprepared. must not be content merely to hear or even to understand the lectures. invited it to seek. on the contrary. to fill them with ready-made adven- So Masonry still follows the ancient manner of teaching. study. endeavoring. He who would become an accomplished Mason. of the purposes of existence. interpret. these mystic shows and performances were not the reading of a lecture. is mode of teach- and Socrates. or Zoroaster. mind found in the mysterious analogies of phenomena their most apt and energetic representations. like Hermes. cance. first philosophy often reverted to the natural in particular. better means could be devised to rouse a dormant intellect. philosophy is the great tility to philosophy : Mystagogue or Arch-Expounder of symbolism though the interpretations by the Grecian Philosophy of the old myths and symbols : were in No instances as ill-founded. and the lectures are but often partial and insufficient one-sided endeavors to interpret those symbols. instead of condemning it to a prescribed routine of creed. The earliest speculation could distinctly comprehend endeavored to express far more than it and the vague impressions of the .

In Crete he appears as lasius or Zeus. who was "of clean hands and ingenuous speech. if irreverently contemplated. . These notions. but the genesis or source of all. Dionusos. teaching rude through the influence of song. He was theologically one with Hermes. : In symbolical forms the Mysteries exhibited THE ONE. self the Light and Change evolving their varieties. whose Mysteries Orpheus is said to have founded. with Divine. he was the resulting manifestation personified.Himeros. and to cheer it in death. and Savior of the soul. and connecting with the symbol of his death. nursling or son of Ceres. . and is 357 intro- himself the God whose worship he of commencements civilization duced. clothed in ritual. or who is himTheosophy. or of the moisture which is the life of Nature. God of the many-colored mantle. that affected Nature's periodical purification the air. who prepares in darkness the return of life and vegetation. of which THE MANIFOLD is an infinite illustration. were sure to be misunderstood. free from all pollution. the most essential consothe lations of religion. the moral purity formally proclaimed at Eleusis. but guardian. The story of Dionusos was profoundly significant. whose worship remaining unveiled by the usual forms of mystery.or Imbros. many. emblematic of that of Nature. Man. He was not only creator of the world. the all in the year. calculated to guide the soul through life." 24 "Happy the man. for water is not only cleanser of all things. Prometheus. son of Persephone. indicated the mystic fan or winnow the fire. eug^es^d the soul's reformation and training. and Poseidon. men The Mysteries embraced the three great doctrines of Ancient They treated of God. In the Egean Islands he is Butes. In Asia he is the long-stoled Bassareus coales- cing with the Sabazius of the Phrygian Corybantes the same with the mystic lacchus. signified by the torch and by the baptismal water. and with a clear conscience." say the initiated in Euripides and . liberator. the varied spiritual regeneration of man was typified in the Mysteries the second birth of Dionusos as offspring of the Highest and by the agents and symbols of that regeneration were the elements The . and with the dismembered Zagreus.Dardanus.CHIEF OF THE TABERNACLE. life passing into innumerable forms. was the God of Nature. containing a moral lesson. betrayed to profane curiosity the symbols which. He only was invited to approach. and Nature.

358 MORALS AND DOGMA. simple. the evil speaker. rest from their labors and know strife no more. the seditious citizen. have continued pure: and the doctrines of natural religion and morals there taught. the veil of secrecy. and unable to account for the agitation which overpowered him." votary. Happy they who "They whom witness and comprehend these sacred ceremonies They are made to know the meaning of the riddle of existence by observing its aim and termination as appointed by Zeus they partake a benefit ! . "who purifies his life. ages. more valuable and enduring than the grain bestowed by Ceres for they are exalted in the scale of intellectual existence. The Already. and to his neighbor. the Sun's true lustre. the initiated were numbered among the beatified. whose practices are more akin to the riot of Titans than to the regulated life of the Orphici. or the Curetan order of the Priests of Idsean Zeus. elevated beyond the sphere of his ordinary faculties. they must. "who imbibed her Proserpina guides in her mysteries. draw of the Mysteries." it was said. not only originally. to heighten the opinion of their value and importance. while they hymned their God to be a daemon or god. and the pomp of ceremony. lest he make dull and heavy the organs of the to his lips that spirit. the selfish hunter after gain. seemed to become divine in proportion as he ceased to be human . he utter no profane word. and who reverently conseLet him take heed crates his soul in the thiasos of the God. the traitor all those. and by spreading around what at first were rather schools of instruction than mysteries. Far from the mystic dance of the thiasos be the impure. but for many . As the great truths of the primitive revelation faded out of the memories of the masses of the People. have been of the highest importance . and obtain sweet hopes to console them at their death. Whatever pictures later and especially Christian writers may became rife upon the earth. They alone enjoyed the true life. instruction and spiritual nourishment. let him be just and kind to the stranger. ." No doubt the ceremonies of initiation were originally few and . Aristophanes. beneath the mystic groves of a mimic Elysium. in imagination. in short. let him give way to no vicious excess. and were really renovated or regenerated under the genial influence of their dances. and wickedness to require longer probation it became necessary to discriminate. and satisfactory tests of the candidates.

in which the true spirit of them. from the celestial deities. That they ultimately became degraded from their high estate. the prospect of the ultimate restoration of the soul to that state of perfection from which it had fallen.CHIEF OF TliE TABERNACLE. The ceremonies were performed at dead of night. with every appliance that could alarm and excite the Innumerable ceremonies. Signs and tokens were invented by which the Children of Light could with facility make themselves known to each other. had by degrees been added to the few expressive symbols of primitive observances. All persons were initiated into the lesser Mysteries. in order that there might be in the inner apartment of the Temple a favored few. but sometimes in the centre of a vast pyramid. that a knowledge of Hieroglyphics columns. unworthy of public employment or private confi- dence. generally in apartments under-ground. The pyramids were probably used for the purposes of initiation. under which there were instances in which the terrified aspirant actually expired with fear. and certain of everlast- ing punishment beyond the grave. its immortality. believed to have been communicated to the Priests by revelation be obtained. but few attained the greater. The initiated or esoteric compan- ions were taught the doctrine of the One Supreme God. and ceilings of the Temples were decorated. candidate. to whom alone the more valuable secrets were entrusted. deemed Profane. 359 because both the most virtuous as well as the most learned and philosophic of the ancients speak of them in the loftiest terms. with which the walls. we know. and most of their secret doctrines were hidden. dreadful and appalling. and the states The uninitiated were of reward and punishment after death. The rites of initiation became progressively more complicated. Differ- ent Degrees were invented. . as the number of Initiates enlarged. sealed by oaths and penalties the most tremendous and appalling. the hidden mysteries of Nature. and corrupted. The veil of secrecy was impenetrable. the It was by could initiation only. sometimes proscribed as Atheists. new Originally the Mysteries were meant to be the beginning of a life of reason and virtue. the theory of death and eternity. v/i!d ar"t romantic. and which. and who could wield effectually the influence and power of the Order. the youth of all ranks were laudably ambitious of deciphering.

We cannot. virtue. . under allegories.360 MORALS AND DOGMA. and pride depose frugality. vain. and in Wales and Scotland down to the I2th century. But the Kings. was invested with a cord of three threads. except where something from those . the Proconsul of Greece would not close the Mysteries. religion. And accordingly Zosimus thought that the neglect of the Mysteries after Diocletian abdicated. . that select and exclusive class. Phoenicia. . was the chief cause of the decline of the Roman Empire and in the year 364. the welfare of mankind wholly depended. inhabitants of India originally practised the Patriarchal Even the later worship of Vishnu was cheerful and accompanied with the festive song. and change the altar where they should be servants. lest the people should be driven to desperation. India. so twined . within the limits of this lecture. and restrained the natural tendencies of the Priesthood. with libations of milk and honey. vice. and labyrinths for the ceremonies and cells. and humility. detail the ceremonies of initiation and shall use general language. in Greece and Rome for several centuries after Christ. notwithstanding a law of the Emperor Valentinian. In required many apartments Egypt a principal place for the Mysteries was the island of Philse on the Nile. long postponed their ultimate self-destruction. and his relics were said to be preserved. Unprincipled. Rank and dignities succeed to the primitive simplicity. and venal men put on God's livery to serve the Devil withal and luxury. corrupt. the wise and great and good who were admitted to the Mysteries. . made use of them to build wider and higher the fabric of their own power. as well as in Britain and Rome. There perhaps the Mysteries commenced and in them. as they believed. and wherever else the Mysteries were known. garlands. and the resounding cymbal. and perfumes from aromatic woods and gums. The purity of no religion continues long. They were practised in Athens until the 8th century. in Egypt. old Mysteries still The Initiate remains in Masonry. and Statesmen. gentleness. Judea. . to a throne on which they as were caverns. pagodas. With their natural proclivities. if prevented from performing them upon which. Philosophers. reign. and Greece. the sprightly dance. where a magnificent Temple of Osiris stood. intolerance. the Priesthood. insolent. long passages and wells. were taught the primitive truths. The social .

<J Le* thfe wretched man. The candidate migh* receive the first at eight steps years of age. The vast Temple Deity. "practise virtue.CHIEF OF THE TABERNACLE. truly of Elephanta. and called sennar. their tri-une Deity. was imitated by the Indians in the Then he was admitted where. Each Degree decrease of the moon. pointing to the four quarters of the compass. with their 300 apartments. chiefly relating to the unity and trinity of the Godhead. whenever he enjoys one of the three or four religious Degrees. : ! ! . hewn out of the rock. Then he underwent the severest probation for the second Degree. It Hence comes our cable-tow. and South. and the Initiates adored the fire. and the three pillars that support our Lodges. and shape of their temples. when he was invested with the z^nnar. the Source of Light. in which he was sanctified by the sign of the cross. was honored as a striking symbol of the Universe by many nations of antiquity. and remained under the c^r^ of a Brahmin until he was twenty years of age." After various ceremonies. as were the still The vaster caverns of Salsette. in to the Holy Cavern. in the East. "flwi oe even-minded with all created things. and 135 feet square. periods of initiation were regulated by the increase and The Mysteries were divid^u into four or Degrees. as to 361 make three times three. representing the Indian tri-une Deity. lights. and that disposition will be the source of virtue. presiding in the three quarters of that Universe which our Lodges represent in our three greater and three lesser . and the worship taught him was the worship of God. was used for initiations. The candidate. West. the candidate was clothed in a linen garment without a seam. The ceremonies there commenced with an anthem to the Great God of Nature and then followed this apostrophe "O mighty Being greater than Brahma \vc bow down before Thee as the . blazing with light. let. the three chief Hierophants. symbolized by the solar ing in darkness. long wanderwanted Light." says the Hitopadesa. perhaps the oldest in the world. costly robes. sat. which. constantly studying and practising the most rigid virtue. the rememalso preserve in the three chief officers of our three movable and three immovable jewels. dispensed something of perfection. was an emblem of brance of whom we our Lodges. The Indian Mysteries were and grottos hewn in the solid celebrated in subterranean caverns rock.

r . and was for centuries governed by the Ethiopian Sacerdotal Caste. They . and their the Temple of Amun. afterward drained by the labor of man. magnificent ruins of Axoum. Hence our three circuits hence we were neither barefoot nor shod and the words were the Pass-words of that Indian . now unknown. Ethiopia was then a powerful State. around ancient Meroe.362 ! MORALS AND DOGMA. and brought with their doctrines. Egypt was then composed of the Thebaid only. . vast tombs and pyramids. O Infinite Form. The Nile by degrees formed an immense marsh. and he was divested of his shoes. calculated eclipses. Then he was sprinkled with water (whence our baptism) certain w ords. The Priests. They studied particularly the most abstract sciences. of Arabic origin afterward displaced by a dynasty of warriors. the Ancient Absolute Existence. that he would keep his body pure govern his tongue. and observe a passive obedience in receiving the doctrines and traditions of the Order and . Their principal College Mysteries were celebrated in his oracle. ! and the Supreme Supporter of the Universe Thou art the Supreme Mansion and by Thee. and regulated. was called upon to make a formal declaration. are far older than the pyramids near Memphis. were whispered in his ear. The Gymnosophist Priests phrates into Ethiopia. who could put him to death in the name of the Deity. temples. the Universe was spread abroad. which. embodied in books the occult and hermetic sciences. thus taught the first great primitive truth. which preceded the came from the banks of the Euthem their sciences and was at Meroe. and had a theocratic government. that he would be tractable and obedient to his superiors. formed Lower Egypt. : Degree. renowned for Egypt in civilization. ! Thou sient The World's Mansion Eternal God of Gods primal Creator art the Incorruptible Being.the firmest secrecy in maintaining inviolable its hidden and abstruse mysteries. . the Julian year. with their own discoveries and the revelations of the Sibyls. taught by Hermes. Above King was the Priest. nineteen centuries before Caesar. The many . and made to go three times around the cavern. distinct from all things tran! ! Thou art before all Gods. . with its obelisks and hieroglyphics." The candidate. discovered the famous geometrical theorems which Pythapror^s afterward learned from them. Middle Egypt and the Delta were a gulf of the Mediterranean.

in a place called Syringes which are described into the . Rhea. . the Labyrinth. brated at Tyre. Bar Hebraeus says "Enoch was the first who invented books : and different sorts of writing. The wisdom of the Egyptian Initiates. to be certain winding apartments underground . 3^3 descended to practical investigations as to the necessities of life. and Venus. and Italy. . that they should give alms. and that he taught the sons of men the art of building cities. by those who were skilled in ancient rites who. or the first Mercury [or Hermes]. to seek admission into the Mysteries Isis. and inspired the people with that enthusiasm which produced the avenues of Thebes. and appointed festivals for sacrifices to the Sun. Edfou. sons of men. in the sacred letters and dialect : but which were after the flood translated from that dialect Greek tongue. and laid up in the private recesses of the Egyptian Temples. and fearing lest the memory of their cere- . . of Osiris and From Egypt." Manetho extracted his history from certain pillars which he discovered in Egypt. whatever their rank and fortune and led them. He reprobated abominable foods and drunkenness. and became Adoni or . Persia. near Thebes and beyond the Nile. whereon inscriptions had been made by Thoth. Osiris took the Dionusos. that they should fast. Sicily. the Temples of Karnac. votive offerings. and tenths. . and the great Lake Moeris. and Philae. it is said. Zodiac. the monolithic obelisks. and were celeOsiris changed his name. that they should pray. made. These pillars were found in subterranean caverns. Greece. Babylon. and Isis that of Ceres. and enacted He discovered the knowledge of the some admirable laws. Demlerah. and made known their discoveries to the people they cultivated the fine arts. the high sciences and lofty morality which they taught. still name of Bacchus. rible trials to be undergone. the Mysteries went to Phoenicia. foreseeing the coming of the Deluge. The ancient Greeks declare that Enoch is the same as Mercury Trismegistus [Hermes]. at each of the Zodiacal Signs. that they should worship God. and their immense knowledge. excited the emulation of the most eminent men. not far from the sounding statue of Memnon. Cybele. the fertilizer of the country. the representative of the Sun and afterward these Mysteries were introduced successively into Assyria.CHIEF OF THE TABERNACLE. and the course of the Planets and he pointed out to the . In Greece and Sicily. despite the complicated and ter.

There return to that celestial country is God. Nature seemed to have chosen him for her favorite. vast labor. and the middle who from spring. and of Ethiopia. 1500 years before the time of Moses. first offices in the Mysteries . . changing nothing of the laws of Hermes. and to have lavished on him all the qualities necessary to enable him to study her and to know her thoroughly. built monies should be obliterated. so to say. Under Him it paid homage to seven principal deities. the sharp. and gave them suitable names he taught men how to write down their thoughts and arrange their speech. This life is but a . The Deity had. who lived at that period. He invented many things necessary for the uses of life. the art of . taken from autumn. in several places. which Moses unveiled or revealed. Do not weep for me : I whither each goes in his turn. dug with wis- From dom. the course of the stars . he invented music. named Thoth or Phtha by his compatriots. arithmetic. l whence they gave him the name nifies Interpreter. except the plurality of his mystic Gods. the bosom of Egypt sprang a man of consummate knowledge of India. infused into him the sciences and the arts. Taaut by the Phoenicians. dying. said "Hitherto I have lived an exile from my true country: now I return : thither. and Adris by the Rabbins. Egypt. of EpjJLr^ [Hermes\ which sigt In Egypt he instituted hieroglyphics he selected a certain number of persons whom he judged fitted to be the depositaries : and the of his secrets. of such only as were capable of attaining the throne he united them in a body. called the ONLY UNCREATED. Hermes Trismegistus by the Greeks. that we must attribute the concealment or veiling [velation] of the Indian worship. the different bodily exercises. It is to Hermes. revered in the Mysteries ONE SUPREME GOD. It was he taught the Greeks the mode of interpreting terms and things. the grave from winter.364 MORALS AND DOGMA. he instituted the ceremonies to be observed in the worship of each of the Gods he observed initiated in the secret . of Persia. medicine. the lyre with three strings he regulated the three tones of the voice. in order that he might instruct the whole world. instructed them in the sciences and arts. The Egyptian Priests related that Hermes. created them Priests of the Living God. and explained to them the symbols by which they were veiled. there being then but three seasons. working in metals. and contrived vaults.

and the ruin of nearly all Egypt. and kept concealed most secret places of the Temple. and included alchemy. might see nothAll the writers and hearing. were revealed to him in the innermost part of the sanc' ^ Initiates in a particular science. This secret was styled the Sacerdotal Art. except to those who. caused them to be honored and respected throughout all Egypt. the sanctuary. should be found worthy to succeed them. Orpheus metamorphosed himself. that to say. which were regarded as sacred. after long trial. never to divulge them. ever thirsty for learning.CHIEF OF THE TABERNACLE. of the sciences and arts. death. and lead them Among the sciences taught by Hermes. and the lofty sciences which they professed. etc. He was initiated into Theology and Physics. wrote mysteriously whenever in their works they touched the subject of the Mysteries. is When which they continued to teach enigmatically. Pythagoras. to the and hieroend that the vulgar herd. into an Egyptian. and hieroglyphics. magism [magic] the science of spirHe gave them the key to the Hieroglyphics of all these its. . astrology. the destruction by Cambyses of many cities. And he so completely made the ideas and reasonings of his teachers his own. to wean them from their back into the paths of virtue. allegories. -they bore with them their sciences. to reform men. The fables. for many years. might comprehend nothing. The great secrecy observed by the initiated Priests. in the garded by other nations as the college. in order to become one of the Initiates and the occult : sciences tuary. in the year 528 before our era. and continued to conceal science under a veil of fictions. that his Hymns rather bespeak an Egyptian Priest than a Grecian Poet: and he was the first who carried into Greece the Egyptian fables. ever enveloped in the obscurities of fables . dispersed most of the Priests into Greece and elsewhere. The mystery which surrounded them strongly excited curiosity. 3&5 who is precisely the creed of the old Buddhists or Samabelieved that from time to time God sent Buddhas on earth. The Kings even prohibited the revelation of them on pain of death. by a terrible oath. . which was resecret sciences. having been instructed by enigmas. so to say. vices. glyphics ing. there were secrets which he communicated to the Initiates only upon condition that they should bind themselves. consented even to be circumcised. seeing." This neans.

the Omnipotence of God. and to Justice. he was rejected. He thought his system vain. He taught the true method of obtaining a knowledge of the Divine laws of purifying the soul from its imperfections. Thus we owe the particular mode .366 MORALS AND DOGMA. and of course must be in the East. In the Grecian Mysteries. He arranged his assemblies due East and West. Particularly he inculcated Silence. Fortitude. as established by Pythagoras. because the Master represents the rising Sun. and He taught the immortality of the soul. and improve that reason. this drew from many unexplained source: but these Mysteries. because he held that Motion began in the East and proceeded to the West. comes from the Persian and Druidic custom of having to their Temples no roofs but the sky. of instruction in the Degree of Fellow-Craft to Pythagoras and that Degree is but an imperfect reproduction of his lectures. preparation of five years' abstinence and absurdities. which. because he conceived that man is indebted to them for a knowledge of what is really good and useful. as a medium whereby to prove the existence of God from observation and by means of reason grammar. there were three Degrees. and astronomy. too. Prudence. we have many of our explanations of the symbols. and logic. or ambitious of worldly honors and distinctions. to cultivate . In his lectures. The pyramids. music. A If the candidate was found to be passionate or intemperate. tions of God. contentious. silence was required. that our Lodges extend upward to the Heavens. and the necessity of personal holiness to qualify a man for admission into the Society of the Gods. Pyi hagoras taught the mathematics. to speak the truth. Our Lodges are said to be due East and West. because he conceived that the ultimate benefit of man consisted in the science of numbers. concealed unaer so envelopes. and geometry. and of practising virtue thus imitating the perfec. render benefits to one another. spread over the whole earth. too. From him. of searching for truth. were built precisely by the four cardinal points. ended in giving birth to a swarm of from Greece. And our expression. Plato developed and spiritualized the philosophy of Pythagoras. rhetoric. He taught that most excellent things were. if it did not contribute to expel vice the t\vo and introduce virtue into the mind. . arithmetic. Temperance.

who were alike Priests. once philosophers. Counof State. equinoxes and solstices. that he reached to the vesti- bule of Truth. : the shape of a cross. The Gods of Britain were the same as the Cabiri of Samothrace. governed by an Omnipotent Deity whose centre is everywhere. these were the times corresponding 1 with the 3th of February. The Druidical ceremonies undoubtedly came from India and the Druids were originally Buddhists. being a great warrior. 367 Even Eusebius the Christian admits. like the word Magi. their Temples were enclosures of huge unhewn stones. by Odin who. the winged ones referring to Kneph. signifies wise or learned men and they were at . on the 2Qth of April. and ist of when November. The festival was in honor of the Sun. and the ceremonial preparations commenced at midnight. some of which still remain.CHIEF OF THE TABERNACLE. ist of May. where one of them stood. Some were in the shape of a circle to which a vast serpent was attached. The circle was an Eastern symbol of the Universe. was nearly three miles. Temples in the shape of a cross were also found in Ireland and Scotland. The word Druidh. and divines. which burned night to introduce the sports of May-day. at the for initiation into the Druidical Mysteries. The initiations were performed at all . In the remote they originated. suit his purposes and the genius of his people. the winged Serpent-Deity of Egypt whence the name of Navestock. He placed over their celebration twelve sellors Hierophants. on May-Eve. Priests. magistrates. . Osiris and Isis appeared in their Mysteries. The length of one of these vast structures. The time of annual celebration was May-Eve. . and some in of the world. and stood upon its threshold. and Judges from whose decision there was noappeal. The Gothic Mysteries were carried Northward from the East. docand worship of the Persian Magi and British Druids. iQth of August. The grand periods were quarterly times . fires were kindled on all the cairns and cromlechs in the island. There was a surprising uniformity in the Temples. and are regarded by the common people with fear and veneration. When the initiations were over. They were generally either circular or oval. modelled and varied them to . midnight and there were three Degrees. and his circumference nowhere and the egg was an universal symbol Some of the Temples were winged. in the shape of a serpent. . . under the names of Hu and Ceridwen and like those of the primitive Persians. trines.

daughter of Potai Parang. and married after- *An Egyptian word. "Bent down. structed in all King. that Monarch made him his Prime Minister. which afterward became ChristThor was the Sun. in a spacious vault. a Priest of An or Hieropolis. Every thrice-three months. and the one after which the Sun comes Northward. mas. they termed mother-night. he said. let him ride in his second chariot. meaning. the Egyptians of his court could not eat with them. as that would have been abomination. the Prince of the Power of the Air. Tsapanat-Paanakh. but as one of themselves: and when he sent and brought his brethren back. until he was forty years of age but he was inthe learning of the Egyptians." . The Goths had three great festivals. He could not have contracted this marriage. as the one in which the creation of world and light from the primitive darkness took place. and charged them with taking his cup. or Yeol feast. This the it was the Yule. came to Egypt the second . as the Mithriac caverns did. At this feast the initiations were celebrated. it was commemorative of the Creation and . and married him to Asanat. the most magnificent of which commenced at the winter Solstice. nor have exercised that high dignity. as the adopted son of the . date was brought to light. where the candi- Joseph was undoubtedly initiated. thrice-three victims were sacrificed to the tri-une God. That being the longest night in the year. and set him over the land of Egypt. though they ate with Joseph who was therefore regarded not as a foreigner.368 MORALS AND DOGMA. Jnnl. and was probably himself the Indian Buddha. The all initiations were had in huge intricate caverns. and was celebrated in honor of Thor. the Egyptian Osiris and Kneph. In addition to King gave him a new name. without being first initiated in the Mysteries. time. while they proclaimed before him. the Phoenician Bel or Baal. where was the Temple of Athom-Re. man like me practises divination?" thus the Egyptian of high rank initiated into the Mysteries. terminating. ABRECH this. assuming and as such conversant with the occult sciences. After he had interpreted Pharaoh's dream. When his Brethren of . He held the numbers three and nine in peculiar veneration. the Great God !* the Egypt thus completely naturalizing him. ye not that a "Know So also must Moses have been in the court of the initiated: for he was not only brought up King's daughter.

and inclined to do even Ahariin. received also the institution of the teries adopting as their object the building of the symbolic . Strabo and Diodorus both assert that he was himself a Priest of Heliopolis. restoring the worship of Apis Egyptian God he made the golden calf. and Hebrew Priesthood. : Manetho. is the doctrine of the first Degree of the Mysteries. those primitive truths that from the Egyptians had passed to the Jews. upon their .CHIEF OK THE TABERNACLE. my Brother. Simplicius asserts that Moses received from the Egyptians. says he was a Priest of Heliopolis. taught that Matter was not eternal or co-existent with the great First Cause. whom the Egyptian Ini- worshipped in private and strenuously endeavoring to keep from relapsing into their old mixture of Chaldaic and Egyptian superstition and idol-worship. in the powers as well as the immunities and sanctity which he conprivileges. . the doctrines which he taught to the Hebrews and Clemens of Alexandria and Philo say that he was a Theologian and Prophet. in the Mysteries. ferred upon them. corrupted and disfigured by time and ignorance. he closely imitated the Egyptian institutions in the institution of the . The early Christians. but in greater perfection. ward Before he went into the Desert. and interpreter of the Sacred Laws. MysTem- ple. And making tiates public the worship of that Deity . first clamorous dis- content. Supreme and Unapproachable. and that his true and original (Egyptian) name was Asersaph or Osarsiph. a Priest of An likewise. and been preserved among the latter by the Essenes. Such. They were no Materialists nor Pantheists but . there were intimate relations between him and the Priesthood and he had successfully commanded. as they were ever ready the people . which furnished the new veil of initiation with the Hebraic words and formulas. that there was one God. cited by Josephus. an army sent by the King against the Ethiopians. taught by the founder of their Religion. who had conceived the Universe by His Intelligence. Josephus informs us. and as the fundamental law. appear in many of our Degrees. but created by Him. before He created it by His Power and Will. or that of Chief of the Tabernacle. that. 369 the daughter of Yethru. as an image of which The Egyptian Priests taught in their great Mysteries. to which you have . preserving the old Scriptures of the Jews as their sacred book.

Be content.3/O MORALS AND DOGMA. Hereafter. . and await patiently the advent of the greater light. and the moral lesson of which is. devotion to the service of God. you will arrive at a more complete under- standing of them and of the sublime doctrines which they teach. therefore. with that which you have seen and heard. admitted. You have here received only hints of the true objects and purposes of the Mysteries. if you are permitted to advance. and disinterested zeal and constant endeavor for the welfare of now been men.

there consisted wholly of accessory explanations of the act or image sacred commentaries. they addressed the understanding through the eye. supposed to be significant of the intentions of the Gods both required the aid of anxious thought and skillful interpretation. like na. The explanatory tokens employed by man. signify ocular exhibition. tempting the curious by their quaintness. of symbols . but involving the personal risk of the adventurous interpreter. the Sage. These lessons of the olden time were the riddles of the Sphynx. were those "parables and their lessons a correct appreciation of analogous problems of nature." it was said. involved meaning in similar indirections their and enigmas. The . but to fools their teaching unintelligible. in which the elements or planets were the 37i . ture herself. explanatory of established symbols with little moral of those independent traditions embodying physical or speculation. both barbarian and Greek. "The Gods themselves. PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE." and the King of the Delphic Oracle was said not to declare. or in dark sayings of old.XXIV. that the will of Heaven could be understood by the Diviner." The Ancient Sages. symbols or mystic ceremonies. first teachers and it comprised an endless store of pregnant hieroglyphics. SYMBOLS were the almost universal language of ancient theology. conveyed either in visible symbols. They were the most obvious method of instruction for. or the lessons of Wisdom become manifest to The Mysteries were a series . and what was spoken ." which the Israelites considered it a sacred duty to hand down unchanged to successive generations. and the most ancient expressions denoting communication of religious knowledge. were like the mystic signs and portents either in dreams or by the wayside. nor on the other hand to conceal. whether emblematical objects or actions. but emphatically to "intimate or signify. of mankind borrowed this method of instruction is "disclose their intentions to the wise. It was only by .

animal. the symbolic and the philosophical. "I am a silent proficient. in the rituals of all secret and mysterious societies . in his revelations to man. ages. from the mineral. . The Deity. All the philosophers and legislators that made Antiquity illus. and vegetable kingdoms. . an invariable uniformity of prin- which come from an aggregate. We Hieroglyphics was preceded in Egypt by that of the easily understood symbols and figures. Arabia. and the creation and revolutions of the world were intermingled with recollections of ancient events and yet with so much of that also. the immortality of the Soul. in which were taught the truths of primitive revelation. the sciences. and philanthropy. other occult sciences. were All the ideas of the Priests of Hindostan. MORALS AND DOGMA. imposing. without the use of audible language. vast. says signs and symbols. used by the Indians. find that the use of gave birth to the Egyptian Mysteries. with animal magnetism. Taliesin. and the the phenomena lation. Persia. there has been a constant series. as a system of mysterious communication. composed of parts that fit harmoniously only there. Symbolical instruction is recommended by the constant and uniform usage of antiquity and it has retained its influence ciples. taught by symbols and parables. adopted the use of material images for the purpose of enforcing sublime truths and Christ throughout all . the Druids The mysterious knowledge of was embodied in : scribing his initiation. that nature became her own expositor through the medium of an arbitrary symbolical instruction and the ancient views of the relation between the human and divine : ." Initiation was a school. morality. the existence and attributes of one God. Persians." And again he says. There has ever been an intimate alliance between the two systems. The rational Indian philosophy. or I sis}. legisphilosophy. and what we now style psychology and metaphysics. de"The secrets were imparted to me by the old Giantess (Ceridwen. the arts. after penetrating Persia and Chakhea. and true. Chaldaea. in the allegories of the monuments all of all ages.372 actors. received dramatic forms. Syria. in the symbolic writings of the priests 'of nations. known to the Egyptian Priests. of Nature. and Chaldocans to express their thoughts and this primitive philosophy was the basis of the modern philosophy of Pythagoras and Plato. Phoenicia. rewards and punishments in a future life.

initiated are certain to attain the company of the Gods. and which . or historians devoted to the inves. were no contemptible personages. Aristophanes. and purity. . a man endowed with all the virtues. the most enlightened men of Antiquity. Socrates said. A new language was adapted to these celebrations. and others philosophers hostile to the Sacerdotal Spirit. tigation of Truth. under enigmas. Epictetus. Nature and all things are seen and known. and also a language of hieroglyphics. ." moral truths alone been taught the Initiate. 25 . that to deprive the Greeks of those Sacred Mysteries which bound together the whole human would make life insupportable. Isocrates. in the 4th century." Pretextatus. light. and placed under the Divine Protection. Socrates. genius. reached back to the age of the world. and the political power of every people race. Proconsul of Achaia. unknown . will be admitted to the dwelling-place of the Deity will . those Mysteries alone kept lapsing into absolute brutishness. No first : all the sciences were taught there briefly those oral or written traditions communicated. Clemens of Alexandria. Marcus Aurelius. Plutarch. purged of the stains of this world.to any but those who had received the highest Degree. speaking of the Great Mysteries. Diodorus. was considered to be a mystical death a descent into the infernal regions. and all the beneficent modi- fications in the religions of the different people instructed were owing to their institution by them and extension of the Mysteries. man from In the chaos of popular superstitions. or secret assemblies of the initiated. . but men of great in the early ages strove to teach us.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. the morality. 373 were pupils of the initiation. said. trious. . And to them ultimately were confined the learning. Euripides. Initiation . shall go to the invisible regions without being puribe precipitated into the abyss while he who arrives there. the Mysteries could never have deserved nor received the magnificent eulogiums of of Pindar. where every pollution. says: "Here ends all Had instruction. restored to a renovated existence of life. in the Phasdo of Plato: "It well appears that those who established the Mysteries. Cicero. and accomplished in The virtue. who that he who fied. and the stains and imperfections of a corrupt and evil life were purged away by fire and water and the perfect Epopt was tfien said to be regenerated. Zoroaster and Con- fucius drew their doctrines from the Mysteries. new-born. Plato.

the Mysteries were practised. and in all their forms. They were considered profane. The greatest rapture came to be expressed by the word that signified to pass through the Mysteries. the Mysteries were funereal. the Chris. It was pretended. language were the same that were used by the Celestial Deities. or to eternal to hold the Mysteries certain that up to derision. It is retained And up to the time of Cicero. The doctrines of a future state of rewards and punishments formed a prominent feature in the Mysteries and they were also believed to assure much temporal happiness and goodfortune. and yet conjured up the wildest fears. Public odium was cast on those who refused to be initiated. Everything that could heighten the mystery of initiation was added. to have nity. and afford absolute security against the most imminent dangers by land and sea. they glyphics had a different and more abstruse and figurative meaning. at a later day. in later times. . that in process of time their meaning was and none could interpret them. If the same hierowere employed in the higher as in the lower Degrees. or esoteric companions were said to enter: The Priesthood possessed one much of their influence by means most agreeable anticipations respecting death and eterto comprehend all the hidden mysteries of Nature. was to incur death at the hands of public vengeance. doomed punishment as impious. tian Emperor. to wear on the stage the dress of an Initiate. after committing a horrible much crime. . to aid in the celebration of the Mysteries nor at a still later day was Constantine. even in Greece. that the sacred hieroglyphics and entirely lost. until the very name of the ceremony possessed a strange charm. They gained of the Mysteries.374 MORALS AND DOGMA. the Mysteries still of their original character of sanctity and purity. unworthy of public employment or private confidence and held to be tain the . To betray the secrets of the Mysteries. among which So effectually was the knowledge of the hieroglyphics of the highest Degree hidden from all but a favored few. third of Egypt. their souls restored to the original perfection from which man had fallen and at their death to be borne to the celestial mansions of the Gods. Nero. Everywhere. allowed to do so. after his murder of his relatives. They represented them as the beginning of a new life of reason and virtue the initiated. as we know. did not dare. . and spared no means to impress the people with a full sense of their importance.

in one shape or other. which he then flung into the Nile. his wife. 375 and celebrated the mystical death and restoration to life of some divine or heroic personage and the details of the legend and the mode of the death varied in the different Countries where the Mysteries were practised. After a long search. Isis found the body. known as it was to those Egyptian . received the Mysteries from the Egyptians and of course were familiar with their legend. it is now impossible to know. In all the histories of the Gods and Heroes lay couched and hidden astronomical details and the history of the operations of visible Nature. or as fit objects of Human Worship and they and ever remain will consider them so while the world lasts of the great Spiritual Truths of which these are the ignorant hieroglyphics and expressions. and the Legend of the Master's Degree is but another form of that of the Mysteries. This he d'd.c Luminary of Heaven through the different Signs of the Zodiac. and those in their turn were also symbols of None but rude uncultivated higher and profounder truths. concealed cut it depths of a forest but Typhon. After tedious search. filled with envy and malice. and . by persuading him to enter a coffin or sarcophagus. to the : remotest antiquity. finding it there. A brief summary leading idea on based. Then he resolved to kill Osiris. the annual journey of the Grer. the Sun. into fourteen pieces. or borrowed it from India But the Hebrews or Chaldaea. sought to usurp hi. the Moon: and his history recounts. and TYPHON. Joseph and Moses. . . it in the . Whether Egypt originated the legend. poetical and figurative style. and scattered them hither and thither. Osiris.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. and . which she replaced of wood. said to of the Egyptian legend will serve to show the which the Mysteries among the Hebrews were have been an ancient King of Egypt. intellects could long consider the Sun and Stars and the Powers of Nature as Divine. Initiates. in Sun. Isis found thirteen pieces. was the and Isis. Their explanation belongs both to astronomy and mythology. his brother. the Principle of Darkness and Evil. the fishes having eaten the other (the privates). reaching back. It was the fable (or rather the truth clothed in allegory and figures) of OSIRIS.s throne but his plans were frustrated by Isis. Typhon. Source of Light and Principle of Good. In the absence of Osiris.

it signifies a tree which produces apples (mala. in the Catholic Temples. Isis was also aided in her search by . evils). where a temple of surpassing magnificence was erected in honor of Osiris. Anubis. in the same tomb. a shrub of erica or tamarisk near it had. and medical science the first maker of laws and who taught the worship of the Gods. which circulates through all nature. seems (upon the Chaldzean sphere) to crush with her heel the head of the serpent. surveying. . This is why Typhon symbol of winter. which surmounts the heavenly cross. The word Typhon. in the constellations and no longer to circulate through nature. in stature reaching the clouds. warred against Typhon. and the building of Temples. its like Eve. Ignorance. means a serpent. signifies a serpent. became the God of the Sun. and protected it and hence our sprig of acacia. the friend and counsellor of Osiris. serpents darting from him on every side. arithmetic. which expel from our hearts the lessons of wisdom. Isis. and fire flashing from his mouth. toward the end of autumn. Isis wrote the sacred word for the instruction of men. is represented surrounding the Terrestrial Globe. slew him. Typhon means also one who supplants. and life. in the shape of a dog. in Hebrew.376 MORALS AND DOGMA. and the inventor of language. shot up into a tree around it. Horus or Har-oeri. where it had floated ashore near signifies also a serpent. aided by her son Orus. grammar. and at her death was reunited to her husband. during which life seems to retire from all beings. the Woman (Virgo). his name signifies Pride. music. In the Egyptian Fable. which. and Falsehood. When. buried the body at Philae. . the great serpent slain by Apollo. Tsapanai. emblem of redemption. and signifies the human passions. this figure foretells the coming of winter. and Typhon is but the anagram of Python. by the virtue of the body. astronomy. He was Sirius or the Dog-Star. who aided in slaying him. and Typhon efifaced it as fast as she wrote it.* By form the serpent symbolizes life. If the word Typhon is derived from Tuponl. Horus. Typhon was represented his as born of the earth . In morals. the Byblos. reigned gloriously. the upper part of body covered with feathers. . his arms and legs covered with scales. answering to the Grecian Apollo. the Jewish origin of the fall of man. When Isis first found the body.

Both were the patrons of artists and their useful inventions and introduced the use of iron for defensive weapons and implements of agriculture. Isis. while Isis invented laws. and Dionusos In the legend of Osiris and Isis. The Mysteries of Osiris. . Mahadeva and in Phoenicia. tures of these Deities . at the him when the sun was in the sign of Autumnal Equinox. seem to have been the model of all other ceremonies of initiation subsequently estabThose of lished among the different peoples of the world. the people for food. at Eleusis and many other places in Greece. celebrated in Phrygia those of Ceres and Proserpine. and the recovery of the different parts of his body by Isis. Lactantius. or finding. and of gold to adorn the temples of the Gods. The main facts in the fable same in all countries. or disappearance fof the Sun at the Winter Solstice. and other writers and in the absence of direct testimony should necessarily infer it from the similarity of the adventhis. below the Tropic of Capricorn]. He went forth with an army to conquer men to civilization. This we learn from Plutarch. and established their worship. are many and circumstances other than those that we have briefly . were but copies of them. we need not repeat here. teaching mentioned and all of which . married his sister Isis . the Enresis. The candidate went through a ceremony representing the Mysteries everywhere. 377 In the Mysteries. Woden and Frea and in every instance these Divinities represented the Sun and the Moon.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. Dionusos or Sabazeus and Rhea in Britain. details of the Egyptians . his brother. In Egypt they were Osiris and Isis in India. Diodorus Siculus. Mithras and Asis: in in Phrygia. and Horus. slew is the Scorpion. in all : : : : : : : . for the ancients held that the Ceres of the Isis Greeks was the same as the or Bacchus as Osiris. He built temples to the Gods. Atys and Cybele. He taught them agriculture. whom he overcame to plant the vine and sow grain Typhon. Hu and Ceridwen and in Scandinavia. and the prominent Deities were were the everywhere a male and a female. Osiris and labored publicly with her to ameliorate the lot of men. Thammuz Bhavani (or Adonis) and Astarte and Cybele in Persia. They had . Atys Samothrace and Greece. the nailing up of the body of Osiris in the chest or ark was termed the aphanism. as given by Plutarch. that to say.

for the throne of Egypt. been rival claimants. I was instructed by Mercury. the Danube. the North. were two of the tombs of Osiris and Isis. in Arabia. : . whereby they were imitated and in which lessons of piety were given. and she spoke to them. There she sat. Isis sought out and took with her Anubis. Thither came the women of the Court of Queen Astarte. son of Osiris." The rest was illegible. Orus the King. Queen of this country. and the armies into I am the eldest son of Saturn I was born of the brilliant and magnificent egg. and a religious ceremonial. most ancient of the Gods. to the most thickly countries of India. eldest daughter of I am the wife and sister of Saturn. I I am the mother of first made known to mortals the use of wheat. and consolations under the misfortunes that afflict us here below. symbols.378 MORALS AND DOGMA. There is no place in the Universe where I have not appeared.ages. was Sinus. it was said. as Light and Darkness contend ever for the empire of the world. that at the time and therefore at its full . land that gave me And on the other was this "I am Osiris the King. . says Synesius. . whose principles : Osiris the King. the sign of the Vernal Equinox. in which they were re- produced by iir. shedding a torrent of tears. He. and dressed their hair. Rejoice. the moon was the sign opposite the Scorpion. In my : honor was the city of Bubaste birth !" . : Those who instituted these Mysteries meant jind console men in their sorrows by to strengthen religion the lofty hopes found in a were represented to them covered by a pompous ceremonial. the Bull. all O who led my inhabited parts of the world. Egypt. and under the sacred veil of allegory. rejoice. and his sister Nephte. sad and silent. as we have said. she went to Byblos. Diodorus speaks of the famous columns erected near Nysa. and to nurse her infant child Horus. To aid her in the search for the body of Osiris. was Plutarch adds. On one was this inscription "I am Isis. that is. After finding him. pouring upon it deliciously Ocean. where she had learned that the sacred chest had stopped which contained the body of Osiris. when it Osiris in was slain. and my substance is of the same nature as that which composes light. Plutarch assures us that it was to represent these events and details that Isis established the Mysteries. where. built. and seated herself near a fountain. to bestow my benefits and make known my discoveries. No one can destroy the I am the laws which I have established. the brightest star in the Heavens. religious faith.

carried away it demanded. where religion had brought together all that was most imposing and most august. stands behind her her hand a branch of acacia. which. says that the them as the best calculated of Greeks. was engaged as nurse for her child. and from with her. ignorant of its import. in which these incidents were represented and explained. that contained the body of Osiris. regarded all things to lead men to piety and : were the most valuable of all religious instituand thus were called mysteries par excellence. the latter wrapped in thin drapery and perfumed. Blue Masonry. not repeat the vapid and trivial explanation there given. still enclosing the chest : extracted the chest and the body. holding in are told. were like those of Eleusis in their object. containing a meaning known only to those who were initiated into the Mysteries. she . one of the columns of which was made of the erica or tamarisk. torn from the palace of the King. was the hope of a happier future. Cicero says that the Initiates not only received lessons which made life more agreeable. but the whole was an allegory or sacred fable. we combing out the ringlets of her hair. from the remotest antiquity. the God of Time. All the incidents were astronomical. of weeping at Byblos. possessed. the most glorious hopes for eternity. that had grown up over the chest containing Osiris. of which Pausanias. over the column We need this representation of Isis. the common sanctuary of the whole earth. cut down by the King. 379 Isis perfumed ambrosia. Nothing of this recital was historical . while Horus. Socrates says that those who were so fortunate as to be admitted to the Mysteries. to a state of eternal felicity. Aristides says that . or tamarisk. The Mysteries. and the tions.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. so afforded. but drew from the ceremonies happy hopes for the moment of death. and of passing. and unknown to which column Isis afterward him. with a meaning still deeper lying behind that explanation. after Aristotle says they death. and to console them in the miseries of life. still retains among its emblems one of a woman weeping over a broken column. who was initiated. Temple of Eleusis was regarded as. That consolation. in the palace. in some sort. pours ambrosia on her hair. while Time. myrtle. and so hidden by a double veil. when dying. This known to the Queen. The object of all the Mysteries was to inspire men with piety.

speaking of the reasons why animals were dei- alty. ment of the Eleusinian Mysteries to be the greatest of all the benconferred by Athens on other commonwealths their effects . but also the precious advantage of passing after death to a happier state. I should be led to the disclosure of those holy matters which I particularly wish to avoid. to introduce way efits of life among them social intercourse. whose was the often-cited enigmatical inscription. and lead them into a more worthy of men. "The Egyptians have at Sais the certain personage. It is behind the Temple of Minerva. "I am what was and is and is to come. Isis was the Goddess of Sais and the famous Feast of Lights was celebrated there in her honor. Concerning these. and which. This was an image of the union that existed between the Priesthood and Roythose early times when legislators and kings sought in religion a potent political instrument. in a secret ceremony and . was really Isis. so called by the Greeks. which were represented the death and subsequent restoration to life of the God Osiris. No mortal hath yet unveiled me." [The lat- discussed at tomb of a ter. or Archon-King. to civilize first and greatest fruit was. So at Athens.380 MORALS AND DOGMA. I should not have all. Cicero considers the establish. silent. but from necessity."] So again he says: "Upon this lake are represented by night the accidents which happened to him whom I dare not name. at the same time that I confess myself sufficiently informed. and means of deliverance from the great weight of their evils. superintended the Mysteries. of Egypt often exercised the functions of the Priestand they were initiated into the sacred science as soon as they attained the throne." It is easy to see what was the great object of initiation and the Mysteries . in fied in Egypt: "If I were to explain these reasons. further than the obligations of religion will allow me. I feel Of the ceremonies also in honor of Ceres. as all the ancients savage hercles. to soften their ferocious manners. The Egyptians call them their Mysteries. the First Magis- The Kings . in. There were celebrated the Mysteries. called the Mysteries of Night. whom I do not think myself permitted to specify. whose testify. scenic representation of his sufferings." So he says. myself compelled to be I may not ven- ture to speak. they not only procure the Initiates consolations in the present life. hood trate. Herodotus says.

ment in Tartarus. which the Hierophant and the Gods. is found in that well-known verse of Virgil. The same philosophic orator. chief object of their institution. was the contempt which they had shown for the Mysteries of Eleusis. included who taught the dogma of punishamong the great crimes deserving these punishments. that his new institution (the Dionysiac Mysteries) deserved to be known. which initiate man into the only kind of life worthy of him. that it proscribed all impurity: that these were the Mysteries of Wisdom. and immediately after the description of that of Sisyphus. piety which in them had chiefly merited this punishment. borrowed by him from the ceremonies of initiation "Teach me to respect Justice This great lesson. Bacchus in Euripides says to Pentheus. and thereby to teries respect for justice and the laws. knowledge of the laws.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. in a passage where he apostrophizes Ceres and Proserpine. contempt for and disregard of the Holy Myswhose object was to lead men to piety. not the only one. which we owe the laws. he says. respect for the and religious. it is easy to 'see that the Priests of Eleusis. likewise. in the Temple at Delphi. the Greeks. was. at the close of the representation of the punishments of Sisyphus and the daughters of Danaus. for the whole force of religious opin- . who was an Initiate. and to which the needs and interest of religion since the latter was but a means to lead itself were subordinate . after they had witnessed a representation of the Infernal regions. of which it would be imprudent to speak to persons not initiated: that they were established among the Barbarians. and the other what we owe to the Gods . makes this reflection that the crime or im." impressed on the Initiates. as well as the first means of sustenance of physical life. Gods calculated to maintain that : Pausanias. political wisdom than This double object. soften their savage and ferocious manners. and that one of its great advantages. and teach them the true principles of morals. one teaching our duty to men. 381 having been. to civilize men. who had who in that showed greater not yet received them. regulation of morals. the Poet places after his description of the different punishments suffered by the wicked in Tartarus. or rather. and those examples of civilization which have improved the manners of men and cities. if . says that mankind owes these Goddesses the first elements of moral life. more surely to the former . From this reflection of Pausanias.

and in general of all the Mysteries. was a great and truly politic one. . and to restrain They were exhausted society by stronger bonds than those that human laws impose. because they were recognized as merely the arbitrary forms in which truths were enveloped. which at a very early day. formed the chief portion of the ceremonial. the invention of that ancient science and wisdom which all its . greater mistake to imagine that they were the invenand means of deception. . It was to ameliorate our race. And that were the work of genius is evident from their employment of they all the the sciences. They ma}' in thj lapse of time have degenerated into imposture and schools of false ideas but they were not so at the beginning or else the wisest . physical. and It is a still tions of charlatanism. to perfect its manners and morals. Symbols wero used ture. . philosophy by purifying his soul from the passions which can trouble it. The ity object of the Mysteries was to procure for man a real felicon earth by the means of virtue and to that end he was . Tartarus and its punishments. a profound means cf subduing it.32 MORALS AND DOGMA. knowledge of the human heart. : reminding zation of the ancient condition of the race prior to civilibut they led men to piety by instruction in morals and if men as to a future life. came to be misunderstood. not originally. Much was no doubt said as to the condition of brutality and degradation in which man was sunk before the institution of the Mysteries but the allusion was rather metain the ceremonies. the ear of . arid to be false because they were so while at first they were true. which referred to agriculwheat in a symbol and in one of her words but their principal reference was to astronomical phenomena. In process of time the very allegories of the Mysteries themselves. to the ignorance of the uninitiated. and as a necessary consequence introduce social disorder. they sure of being better obeyed. as Masonry has preserved . were ions being in the hands of the legislators to be wielded. than to the wild life of the earliest men. The great object of the Mysteries of Isis. resources to make legislation perfect and of that which has ever sought to secure the happiness of man. vation of The Mysteries were not mereiy simple lustrations and the obsersome arbitrary formulas and ceremonies nor a means of . and best men of antiquity have uttered the most willful falsehoods. Minos and the other judges of the dead.

to produce that gloom that impresses the mind with a religious : The very word mystery. The rude representation of physical torture in Tartarus was but an image of the certain. aided by all the resources of art. and to accredit them with the people. by an ishment of sin and vice. and they used Obscurity adds to impressiveness. the virtuous man's happy life after death. fixed for their celebration turnal ceremonies. Curiosity was excited by secrecy. taught that his soul was immortal inflexible law. sanctuaries . and by the tests to be ficulty experienced undergone. by the difin obtaining admission. took place at night : as d d those of Tsis. They painted. and well understanding the disposition of the people and the art of controlling them. The night was almost always . of which Apuleius speaks. its wings. under the name of initiation and mysteries. . so they preferred that Night should cover them with assists illusion . Respect was inspired by the gravity and dignity of the actors and the majesty of the ceremonial and fear and hope. these delights and horrors were exhibited as spectacles. and it to produce an effect upon the in astonished Initiate. poetry. the one of and the other of spectacles and magic illusions. scenery. and the latter in the and they clothed them with the charms. and vice produce their consequences. according ness and to a metaphorical expression that denoted the secret Demetrius Phalereus. must needs. 383 and that error. men of intellect. . and give importance and im- pressiveness to their ceremonies. the pomp chinery. and they were ordinarily termed nocInitiations into the Mysteries of Samothrace . The candidate was amused by of the the decorations. The poets and mystagogues labored to propagate these doctrines of the soul's immortality and the certain pun.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. eternal consequences that flow by the law of God's enactment from the sin committed and the vice indulged in. used every appliance to attain that object. thick groves were planted around the Temples. In the shades of the sanctuaries. was awe which darkthe time gloom inspired. the variety of the appliances of ma- The Hierophants. were in turns excited. sin. sadness and delight. and the Initiates witnessed religious dramas. As they covered those ceremonies with the veil of Secrecy. The ceremonies were conducted caverns dimly lighted awe. by teaching them the former in their poems. unavoidable. and the horrors of the frightful prisons destined to punish the vicious.

as excom. . cause he had divulged the Secret of the Mysteries. Andocide. he directed. . Nothing excites men's curiosity so much as Mystery. never to reveal them. A was accused of the same crime. or found in the Temple without being an Initiate and any one who had betrayed those secrets. The secrecy in which they buried their Mysteries. according to the rite used in the worship of Ceres. bepicion of Atheism. and to induce them to seek to obtain lessons from which they would perhaps have turned away with indifference. the more to excite the curiosity of men. where the People were the Judges. says that the most sacred ceremonies could be known to the adepts alone but that : many of their precepts were known even to the Profane. comparing Philosophy to initiation. ^Eschylus the Tragedian was accused of having represented the Mysteries on the stage and was acquitted only on proving that he had never been initiated. and to urge them to investigation. by the most fearful oaths. was avoided by all. the erection of a Statue to th?t Goddess. Those to whom they were confided. as was Alcibiades. Euripides makes Bacchus say. and to purge his memory from this stain. bound themselves. municated. and both were cited to answer the charge before the inquisition at Athens. They were not allowed even to speak of these important secrets with any others than the initiated and the penalty of death was pronounced against any one indiscreet enough to reveal them. that his Mysteries were celebrated at night. by Socrates. and conceals from us the springs by which He moves the Universe. sacrificed to Esculapius. who hides Himself from our senses. Such . to exculpate himself from the susprice was set on the head of Diagoras. Seneca. He was compelled to flee to Chalcis . Of this the Legislators : and Hierophants took advantage. if they had been pressed upon them. had that end. Aristotle was accused of impiety. dying. They admitted that they concealed the highest truths under the veil of allegory.ND DOGMA.384 MORALS A. for having sacrificed to the manes of his wife. concealing things which they desire to know and nothing so much increases curiosity as obstacles that interpose to prevent them from indulging in the gratification of their desires.s his will. to attract the people to their sanctuaries. because there is in night something august and imposing. In this spirit of mystery they professed to imitate the Deity. by the Hierophant Eurymedon.

The ancient legislators clothed this doctrine in the pomp of a mysterious ceremony. and the suspense. in mystic words and magical representations. that he possesses a virtuous of every passion. translate it into. and its final its origin. and marred by foreign particles. says Suidas. by his incredible patience and the courage with which he surmounted all obstacles. exempt from the sway There were twelve principal number larger. weighed it These metaphysical ideas. was a species of torture to the curiosity which they were severe all. by the strong influence of such scenic displays upon the senses and imagination. underwent many trials. until after trials. which the aspirant was kept for several years [the memory of which is retained in Masonry by the ages of those of the different Degrees]. had contracted no stains. and its brightness had not been return to the place of its it. and some make the but The trials of the Eleusinian initiations were not so terrible . in which the life of the candidate was often endangered. by the most terrible soul. when. he has proven. Those who aspired to the initiation of the Sun and in the Mysteries of Mithras in Persia. was enhanced by the difficulty of obtaining admission. in obtaining admission to their Amonc^ the Jews. . were represented by figures. the Essenes . sensible images. to impress upon the mind the truths they taught. 385 was the case with the doctrine of a future life.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. They commenced by easy tests and arrived by degrees at those that were most cruel. In the same way they taught the origin of the soul. and as it were imtests . and by allegorical analogies no idea being so abstract that men do not seek to give it expression by. which. above in it was desired to excite. and a state of rewards and punishments beyond the grave. society and receiving their lessons. Thus the Egyptian Priests tried Pythago- ras before admitting him to know the secrets of the sacred science. denaturalizing down and its return. . with diffidelayed culty comprehended by the mass of the Initiates. the sacred fire. its fall to the earth past the spheres and through the elements. which formed its essence. by symbols. during the continuance of union with earthly matter. or the interval between admission to the inferior and initiation in the great Mysteries. Gregory Nazianzen terms them tortures and mystic punattraction of Secrecy The ishments. No one can be initiated. passible. Obstacles and suspense redoubled curiosity. He succeeded.

they flattered themselves that Ceres and Proserpine inspired them and gave them wisdom and counsel. after death an eternal The Priests of the Island of Samothrace promised favorable winds and prosperous voyages to those who were initiated. And all eternity. promise himself felicity. and Castor and Pollux. until they had passed the tests of sev- Degrees. connected by a closer before were fellow-citizens only." Those initiated in the Mysteries of Eleusis believed that the Sun blazed with a pure splendor for them alone. became bond than before. . it gave him the most blissful hopes at the moment of death. after he was purified. says Aristides. among them. Fortunate during life. who were privileged to escape from great evils and tempests. a deliverance and monies. The Initiate in the Mysteries of Orpheus. with whom religious association gave them a closer fellowship. For him Heaven opened its treasures. and transferred which gave him the happiest hopes. bringing men nearer together. ily The alone Initiate was regarded as the favorite of the Gods." which we reap from these august cerenot only present joy. and give them calms and smooth seas and the Scholiast of Aristophanes : says that those initiated in the Mysteries there were just men. as we see in the case of Pericles. It was promised them that the CABIRI. was considered as released to a condition of life emerged from evil. he could. "and have attained good. by means of a religious fraternity. and the source of the greatest blessing. united them more strongly and the weak and the poor could more read: appeal for assistance to the powerful and the wealthy. the DIOSCURI. promised there was not limited to this mortal life but it extended . The benefit is .386 admitted none eral MORALS AND DOGMA. Theon says that participation of the Mysteries is the finest of all The happiness things. which. Initiation dissipated errors and banished misfortune and after having filled the heart of man with joy during life. by virtue and the favor of Heaven. And. initiation. that we do not lead the wild life of the earliest men and to them are due the flattering hopes which initiation gives us for the moment of death and for : : from the empire of evil. says Socrates. should appear to them when the storm raged. enfranchisement from the old ills but also the sweet hope which we have in death of passing to a more fortunate state. "I have he was made to say. We owe it to the Goddesses of Eleusis. those By who brothers.

made believe. "over whose divine neck her long thick hair hung in graceful ringlets. and Proserpine. Diana. that. to comb and ornament the Goddess' royal hair. as addressing his prayers to Isis." In the procession of the festival. at her festival. and inviolable chastity. with thee. There a new which the Initiate was to enjoy a limit. "The hair of the women was moistened bv . to re-obtain his shape. Lucius saw the image of the Goddess. The number of thy days shall be prolonged beyond the ordinary decrees of fate. she says "Throughout the entire course of the : remainder of thy life. and as illuminating the walls of many cities simultaneously with her feminine lustre. during without alloy and without The Corybantes promised eternal life to the Initiates of the Mysteries of Cybele and Atys. thou shalt descend to the shades below. Venus.. on either side of which were female attendants. clad in linen robes. and uniform type of all the Gods and Goddesses. first inhabitant of Heaven. shalt thou pay frequent worship to me. came the initiated. she says. beyond the grave. Supreme Queen of departed Spirits." human Directing him how to proceed. propitiated by thy prayers. there also.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. while still in the form of an ass. religious devotion to : ministry. whom he speaks of as the same as Ceres. by the motion of their arms and the twisting of their fingers. and sub- She stituting her quivering light for the bright rays of the Sun. Apuleius represents Lucius. life 387 was bliss to commence. thou shalt prove thyself a worthy object of divine favor. the salubrious breezes of the ocean the silent deplorable depths of the shades . religious rites. until the very last breath has vanished from thy lips. thou art devoted to my service . then shalt thou feel the influence my of the power that I alone possess. thy propitious patron and yet further: if through sedulous obedience. initiative germ of generations. "The parent of Universal nature attends thy call.. and with various . appears to him in his vision as a beautiful female. even in the subterranean hemisphere. and inhabit the Elysian fields. Under my protection will thy life be happy and glorious and when. worshipped by the different nations of the Earth under many titles. below one Sole Divinity under many forms. thy days being : spent." Addressing him. is of Deities. She governs with her nod the luminous heights of the firmament." Afterward. "with ivory combs in their hands.. The mistress of the Elements.

" says Apuleius. as it were. the Priest said to him. emitting flame from an orifice in the middle the second. may through her Providence be in a they manner born again. and drink no wine. he was conducted to the first solicited forall nearest baths. with the precarious chance of resuscitation. "the gates of the shades below. to suffer death. hath been accustomed to select as persons to the secrets of her religion can with propriety be entrusted. eat no animal food." continued the Chief Priest. and more void of skill and craft. The first bore a lamp." And the people declared that he was fortu- nate to be "thus after a to the service of the manner born again. and after having bathed. and enveloped in a transparent covering." : : : After Lucius had." he urged the Chief Priest to initiate him. terrestrial stars. perfume.in the form of a boat. recovered his human form. in robes of white linen.'' Afterward came the Priests. life those who. and conducted him back Temple . in the wisdom whom of of her Divinity. he bade me for the succeeding ten days restrain my appetite. he was answered that there was not "a single one among the initiated." When he was finally to be initiated. "representing thereby a symbol of equity and fair-dealing. to dare to undertake her ministry rashly and sacrilegiously. as it were. "where. of which the left hand. and the care of our life When being in the hands of the Goddess. without receiving a special command from Isis. and commence the career of a new existence. were thoroughly shaven. as. and thereby commit an act certain to bring upon himself a dreadful injury. standing as it were on the utmost limit of the course have completed. a small altar the third. and their bald heads shone exceedingly. of the great religion. but the men. and then sprinkled him clearest over with the to the and purest water. "Calamity hath no hold on those whom our Goddess hath chosen for her service. of a mind so depraved.388 MORALS AND DOGMA. is therefore an appropriate emblem. or so bent on his own destruction. the ceremony of initiation into the Mysteries is. that mortal tongue is not permitted to reveal. "after giving me some instruction. Wherefore the Goddess." "For. by the grace of Isis. as slower than the right hand. and at once betrothed Holy Ministry. a golden palmtree and the fourth displayed the figure of a left hand. and whom her majesty hath vindicated. the palm open and expanded. the Priest giveness of the Gods." .

" he continues." A year afterward. wort thou permitted to hear. the r and passed in festivities and on same religious ceremonies were . was celebrated the third day as his birthday afterw ard. studious reader. I would and." Compare with this hint the following language of the prayer of Lucius. "follow'cd by a final consummation of ceremonies. the ceremonies of the respective initiations are considerably different. And now have I told thee such things that. crowned with palmThe remainder of that day leaves. including a religious breakfast. and exhibited to the people. were it lawful to divulge. At midnight I saw the bright light of the sun shining. Nevertheless. and to afford Thy sweet maternal affection to the wretched at rest. and conducted back again. taught in the Mysteries. the Priest led him into the inmost recesses of the Sanctuary. I zvas transported through the elements. "peradventure thou wilt be sufficiently anxious to know all that tell and done. although the disclosure would affix the penalty of rash curiosity to my tongue as well as thy ears. nor throughout the verv : minutest particle of duration: Thou who stretchiest forth Th- . the Gods of Heaven and of the Shades below. in and we may judge what doctrines were "O Holy and regard to the Deity : Perpetual Preserver of the Human Race! ever ready to cherish mortals by Thy munificence. "And here. thou shouldst know." says Apuleius. I stood in the presence of the Gods. fear thou shouldst be too long tormented with religious longing. clothed. yet will I. stood near and worshipped. hearing. ay. Listen then to what I shall relate. and suffer the pain of protracted suspense. the usual ceremonies were at an end. Supreme Parent of all the other Gods. / approached the abode of death. tell the truth notwithstanding. thou necessarily canst not understand . and being beyond the comprehen- sion of the Profane." "For." After night had passed. addressed to Tsis . with my foot I pressed the threshold of Proserpine's Palace. he was warned to prepare for initiation into the Mysteries of "the Great God. which.PRINCE OF THE TAUKKN ACLE. repeated. "although there is AND EVEN THE ESSENCE OF ROTH DIVINITIES a strict connexion between the religions of both Deities. for said was thee . 389 These ten days elapsed. I can enunciate without committing a crime. IS IDENTICAL. and the morning had dawned. Then he was consecrated by twelve stoles being put upon him. under misfortune Whose bounty is nevei neither by day nor by night. the invincible OSIRIS.

Entrance to the Temples was forbidden to all who had committed homicide. seeds grow. Every impious person purified in the sanctuaries. should be enfranchised from the others . the Divinities rejoice in Thee. wisdom. \Ye learn from Plato. and and. be as pure as it is required to be in the Of course it is not surprising that parricides and per- . it came at length to be considered that the gates of Elysium would open only for the Initiates. that it \vas also necessary for the soul to be purified from every stain and that the purification necessary was such as gave virtue. bastards and slaves were and the same exclusion obtained against the Materialists or Epicureans who denied Providence and conseexcluded from initiation . the . the Gods in the shades below do Thee homage. that initiation alone sufficed. Mysteries. and restrain the malignant influences of the Gods in Heaven adore Thee. Apuleius says nothing. that none need apply to enter but those against whom their consciences uttered no reproach. So it is stated by both Isocrates and Theon. who were certain of their own inno- It was required of the Initiate that his heart and hands should be free from any stain. to mitigate Ihe tempests of fortune. to unravel the inextricable entanglement of the web of fate. and temperance. the stars obey Thee. whose souls had been But it was never held. at death. justice. to disperse the storms of life. in a word. buds germinate in obedience to Thee the Earth revolves AND THE SUN GIVES us LIGHT. public notice was given. and cence. Magicians and Charlatans who made trickery a trade. : and criminal was rejected. even if it were involuntary. and impostors pretending to be possessed by evil spirits. the elements and the revolving seasons serve Thee! At Thy nod the winds breathe. : : the ceremonies in these initiations. truth. and Lampridius states that before the celebration of the Mysteries. envy. Under the Archonship of Euclid. By a natural progress.39O MORALS AND DOGMA. quently the utility of initiation. health-bearing right hand over the land and over the sea for the protection of mankind. strength. Porphyry says that man's soul. from hate. clouds gather. and regenerated on the other hand. all the passions. IT IS TlIOU WHO GOVERNEST THE UNIVERSE AND TREADEST TARTARUS UNDER THY FEET. were excluded from the sanctuaries." Then he was initiated into the nocturnal Mysteries of Osiris and Serapis and afterward into those of Ceres at Rome but of stars.

"Nature. only because and while he respected the rights of society and those of humanity. "burns with a pure light for us alone. To be admitted one must have lived equitably. zens. and according to the true purpose of its institution. and compassion for the misfortunes of others.PRINCE OF THE TAP. thus recalling men to justice. "has created us compassionate. the chorus of Initiates in Aristophanes. could not be admitted. In the Mysteries of Mithras. tageous post or place. and to develop the germ of 'all the social virtues.ERNACLE. if he regards the misfortunes of others as wholly foreign to himself?" All who had not used their endeavors to defeat a conspiracy and those who had on the contrary fomented one those citizens who had betrayed their country. And this was the meaning of the idea. It It was not enough to be was necessary to be faithful to the laws of initiation. Sensibility. The Initiate could aspire to the favors of the Gods. afterward misunderstood. which initiation strove to encourage. who require it and punish its infraction. Thus the Society of the Initiates was. expressed in a single line by Virgil. who. who had supplied the enemy with money and in general." says Juvenal. a lecture was repeated to the Initiate on the subject of Justice. . by connecting it with the justice of the Gods. who labored to free their souls from the tyranny of the passions. to which all their mystic ceremonial tended. were excluded from the Mysteries of Eleusis. What man is truly worthy of the torch of the Mysteries . 391 and others who had committed crimes against God or man. that entry ." The rewards of initiation were attached to the practice of the social virtues. who had surrendered an advan. and with sufficient good fortune not to be regarded as hated by the Gods. since it has endowed us with tears. who such as the Priest of Ceres requires him to be. above all. initiated merely. all who had come short of their duties as honest men and good citiall . were precious virtues. "The sun. Sensibility is the most admirable of our senses. in its principle." says observe the laws of piety in our intercourse with strangers and our fellow-citizens. which imposed on men duties in regard to their kind. a society of virtuous men. was to practise Justice and revere the Deity. to the enemy. but men who conformed to the rules of piety and justice. there. Bacchus allowed none to participate in his Mysteries. And the great moral lesson of the Mysteries. or the vessels of the State. jurers. admitted to the Mysteries.

The Father of the Worlds permits its chains to be broken. pointing out the mental change which ought to precede the renewal of existence. All initiation is but introductory to the great change of death. are preparatory symbols. mersed life in theLethe of its commences only when passions and fascinations. is in a measure uncertain. a tissue perpetually interrupted and broken. and by that characteristic Bacchic . Human ceremonies are indeed but imperfect symbols and the alternate baptisms in fire and water intended to purify us into immortality. created for virtuous souls alone. No doubt. Elysium was only allowed to the Initiates : because entrance to the sanctuaries was to the virtuous only. "the Preceptor of the Soul. It is the final rite which united the Egyptian with his God.392 into MORALS A1SO DOGMA. in some shape. that death is far better than life that the real death belongs to those who on earth are im. The there has come down to us. It is not our purpose here to repeat the descriptions given of Elysium and Tartarus. and agony. an urn forever fed. are ever in this world interrupted at the moment of . the Orphici. and has provided in the course of Nature the means of its escape. Little direct information in teries." Silenus. like the initiation of Hercules before descend- ing to the Shades. little We are only concerned with the great fact that the Mysteries taught the doctrine of the soul's immortality. Pythagoreans. to which sleep is the introductory or minor mystery. shared alike by Egyptians. embalming. The body was deemed a prison for the soul but the latter was not condemned to eternal banishment and imprisonment. Baptism. in the ceremonies. and which opens the jame promise to all who are duly prepared for it. obsequies by burial or fire. Sage. and that. remorse. Death is the true initiation. It was a doctrine of immemorial antiquity.and that the true the soul is emancipated for its return. developed in the Myslife. anointing. suffering. yet never full. ever follow sin as its consequences. pain. resembling that which we find in Virgil but there is as regard to it was a : doubt that these representations were explained to be allegorical. their anticipated completion. Life is a mirror which reflects only to deceive. scenic representation of Tartarus and the judgment of the dead. was allowed and Elysium precise nature and details of the doctrines as to a future and rewards and punishments there. . That would be aside from our object.

" said Socrates. . earthly must die . Man. The human soul is itself 8at/zonos. The removal to the I lappy Islands could only be understood mythically everything . is in the highest sense the since. Di onuses LIBERATOR and guides it in its migrations beyond the grave. the obelisk. typical of Nature's Death. preserving it from the risk of again falling under the slavery of matter or of some inferior animal form. 393 is And soul. a God within the mind. can exist only beyond the grave. professedly quoting from traditional and mystic sources. and earth itself is rent asunder and dies at the birth of Dionusos. in this sense. ence. is wounded from his birth.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. as Death is the Grand Mystery of existence. seems to be invigorated by a fresh draught from the fountain of universal life. "is Death: He who pursues philosophy aright. His death. rising as 'an phallus. resurrection by 'the tomb of buried Deity at Lerna or ." is part of the Universal Soul. who descended from the elemental Forces or Titans [Elohim]. to receive a new pledge of regenerated exist- Death is the inseparable antecedent of life the seed dies in order to produce the plant. like CEdipus. Dionusos died and descended to the Shades. like Osiris. both real and symbolical. His passion was the great Secret of his real elysium the Mysteries . he frees the studying hou' to die. emblem of at Sais. "The great consummation of all philosophy.ck the vagrant spirit to its home. or of her periodical decay and restoration. and the contemplation of the beautiful and true. and exalting and perfecting its nature through the purifying discipline of his Mysteries. He All soul it . commemorates in sacramental observance this by mysterious passion and while partaking of the raw flesh of the fed on the . body of the Pantheistic Deity creating the Universe self-sacrifice. as presiding over : life and death. Man victim. the great Spiritual Mediator of Greek religion. and accompanies it through the purifying processes. Hence the significancy of the or of its inoffensive substitute. leads ba. of its earthly transit. was one of the many symbols of the palingenesia or second birth of man. and is is therefore emphatically the Mystes or Hierophant. whose totality is Dionusos therefore he who. capable through its own power of rivalling the canonization of the Hero. of making itself immortal by the practice of the good. the purgatory of Metempsychosis. as Spirit of Spirits.

terrific as in the sounds and noises. which was contemplated in the Mysteries sufferer was consoled by witnessing the severer trials of the Gods and the vicissitudes of life and death. before he can reach the height of Heaven. It was this aspect. verg: . to consummate his eventful marriage with Persephone. expressed by apposite symbols. The greater Eleusinise were celebrated in the month Boedromion. and in which. On a sudden. the image of the God. the stern and dark are ever the parents of the beautiful series and bright. physically speaking. while they painfully gloomy cavern of the soul's sublunar migration a scene justly compared to the passage of the Valley of the Shadow of Death. when the seed was buried in the ground. the posing revelation. whose united makes up the continuity of Time. the wintry aspect in the alternations of bull and serpent. that play of passion which was present at the origin of Nature. and when the year. in fasting and expiatory or lustral offices. was borne in joyful procession from the Ceramicus to Eleusis. a supernatural light in the trials streamed from the illuminated statue of the Goddess. where amidst utter darkness. lost Dionusos-Orpheus descended to the Shades to recover the . At length the gates of the adytum were thrown open.394 MORALS AND DOGMA. ing to first its the scene was changed : sorrow and lamentation were discarded. where. sombre for the moment. the glad name of lacchus passed from mouth to mouth. and which accompanies all her changes. thereby securing. but bright by antithe human cipation. the candidates were overawed with groped their way. . For by the immutable law exemplified of Psyche. man must pass through the terrors of the under-world. initiation was completed by an imTrporaos. alone carried an unextinguished torch. crowned with myrtle and bearing a lighted torch. like the nuptials of his father with Semele or Danae. such as the sacrifice or submersion of the Bull. excited corresponding emotions of alternate grief and joy. to bring back his mother to the sky as Thyone or what has the same meaning. decline. the star illuminating the Nocturnal Mystery. or while the mediating God. The first scene was in the or outer court of the sacred enclosure. disposes the mind to serious reflection. Virgin of the Zodiac. The of the ceremonial were passed in sorrow and anxious days silence. and enchant- . during the ensuing night. His under-earth office is the depression of the year. the extinction and re-illumination of the torch. the perpetuity of Nature.

exhibited in the sanctuaries. from the Zend-Avesta to the Gospel. is is the bitterest ill. veiled with huge proportions and the appliances of an impressive spectacle.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. or from direct testimony as to the value of the Mysteries generally. Thus a fable of the Mysteries inculcated a great moral truth. and avoid most of the soul which the exposed And so in subterranean journey of a thousand years. we may some day take that lofty road that leads evils to toward the heavens. she is the prinis also Core Soteciple of its destruction but Artemis Proserpina . and Rhadamanthus. as the dove. realizing. The ordinary phenomena of vegetation. whenever Destiny summons us to the Shades. other emblems were employed in the Mysteries. Eacus. 395 the ing sights and sounds. all significant of life rising out of death. ria. Socrates teaches that we should seek here in its below to free our soul of its passions. the divine power is as the seed decaying and destroyed as Artemis. who leads the Spirits of Hercules and Hyacinthus to Heaven. as far as sensuous imagery could depict. in the Mysteries. their tenmust be inferred from the characteristics of the contemdency plated deities with their accessory symbols and mythi. or of the giving birth to the plant. the death of the seed in nies enacted. exalted communicant to a rapture of supreme felicity. the myrtle-wreath. as described in the Phredo and the /Eneid. mingled with songs and dances. the Saviour. was the simple yet beautiful formula assumed by the great mystery in almost all religions. that is To adhere to Justice and Wisdom. in order to be ready to enter our appearance. art and natural . sometimes more and sometimes less fully. As Proserpina. the Phaedo. with all the ceremonies of the judgments of Minos. the anticipated reunion with the Gods. connecting the sublimest hopes with the plainest occurrences. he says. a heart pure and spotless For the soul stained with crimes. to which. and others. to descend to the Shades. and of the equivocal condition of dying yet immortal Many man. were represented. with as Socrates teaches in the Gorgias. our duty. Plato holds. . The horrors and punishments of Tartarus. In the dearth of direct evidence as to the detail of the ceremo- meanings connected with them. that we should be ever prepared to appear before the Supreme Judge. in order to impress upon the minds of the Initiates this great lesson. .

the dramatic horrors. their plaintive groans. did. remorse. their warder. per. prostrate. . the : paintings. greedy to devour Furies. in the midst of water and with delicious fruits touching his head the daughters of Danaus at their eternal. the imagery. haps many Initiates read rightly the allegory. For the material horrors of Tartarus. They sought to against the horrors of death and the fearful idea of the soul was consoling to the virtuous and religious man alone others it came with menaces and despair. while to all all their life. mingled . allegorical to the Initiate. . their chains . to attain that most fortunate result. and urged them to pursue the paths of honesty and virtue. blazing rocks the great gate with columns of adamant. and agony that would rend the immaterial soul and rack the immortal spirit. fruitless task beasts biting and venomous reptiles stinging and devouring flame eternally consuming bodies ever renewed in endless agony all these sternly impressed upon the people the terrible consequences of sin and vice. lashing the . were none the . prison. . Axiochus. surrounding them with terrors and alarms that disturbed their repose during . the august mvsteries. round which swelled and surged the fiery waves of Phlegethon. the funeral sacrifices. in the ceremonies of the Mysteries. and . but one must have lived well. magic lent all Death. The triple-walled which the condemned soul first met. upon by the cruel vulture ever rolling his rock Ixion on his wheel Tantalus Sisyphus. his entrails fed . . these material horto the Initiates as were explained mere symbols of the unim- aginable torture. which none save the Gods could crush Tisiphone. were real to the mass of the Profane nor in latter times. So that the doctrine of the immortality entitled strengthen of utter annihilation. huge. the the awful abyss guilty with their snakes where Hydra howls with its hundred heads. tortured by eternal thirst and hunger. the solemn silence of the sanctuaries. as all material images and symbols fall short of that which is beyond the cognizance of our senses and the grave Hierophant. wherein rolled roaring. . men they had that was imposing. And rors if. with her bloody robes the lash resounding on the mangled bodies of the miserable unfortunates. .MORALS AND DOGMA. is but a passage to a happier state. Tityus. in horrid harmony with the clashings of . they were feeble and insufficient in the same mode and measure only. . says the author of the dialogue. included in the works of Plato.

overloaded with matter gross and earthy. : so lost is and will it shall be as if all be in reality never so recovered as that the sin never had been committed. its relations to the body and to universal nature. of whose essence it was to live and think. rather. according as each soul was more or less clogged by the gross . impediments of its sins and vices. . and rise toward the ethereal regions that ascent being more or less tedious and laborious. but that throughout its the eternity of existence. all formed part of the mystic science and to them in part the lessons given to the Initiate were directed. : crimes were mortal by the murder of sinations. air. (how distinctly taught the Initiates we know not). was an opportunity for expiation and the tests of water. was not a mere conception or abstraction but a reality including in itself life and thought or. that though slight and ordinary offences could be expiated by penance. with them. The soul. teacher of the So. its origin. his wife. that with material shows and images made the imagination to be the intellect. are the inevitable consequencesthat flow from sin and vice. 1 AliKUX ACl. taught in the Mysteries. 397 because they were known to be but symbols. For it was believed that initiation tended to his perfection. and fire were represented by means of which. repentance. : . misfortune and remorse. its destination. grave every act of vice or baseness itself greater between beyond the reach of all such remedies. each soul shall be conscious that it did on earth has made the distance and ultimate perfection.E. it was represented. the doctrine and sorrow. and prayers. too. of many years. from being plunged into gloom. the nature of the soul. and his multiplied perjuries and assas- The object of the ancient initiations being to ameliorate mankind and to perfect the intellectual part of man. Eleusis closed her gates against Nero and the Pagan Priests told Constantine that among all their modes of expiation there was none so potent as could wash from his soul the dark spots left sins. acts of beneficence.PRINCE OF TilK less impressive.as effect flows from cause that by each sin and every act of vice the soul drops back and loses ground in its advance toward perfection and that the ground that pain . Herein was shadowed forth. that except for the gravest sins there . We see this truth glimmering in the doctrine. and impeded in its return to the Deity. the soul could be purified. during the march . and : human to preventing the divine part within him.

as this happy fortune. whither animate. infinitely delicate organizing their bodies. men lived. after death. and restore it at once to its source. which would acquit it of them. Virgil makes the spirit of Anchises teach it to tineas : the expiations and lustrations used in the Mysteries were but symbols of those intellectual ones by which the soul was to be all and purged of of its vice-spots and stains. thinking. the meaning of which was not made known except or. and by it alone. often successive and numerous. This was the doctrine of Pythagoras. was material . so that it might rise unimpeded to the source its it from which came. give form and movement to. lightless matter. like him. Hence nothing was so ardently prayed for by the Initiates. who learned it when he received the Egyptian Mysteries: and it was the doctrine of all who. it was also taught that the soul could avoid these transmigrations. what. reasoning. whence it descended to illuminate. its natural home in the highest regions of the Universe. divine. to a. It was held to be active. inactive. From that sub- and active. as an actual reality. free it from the circle of successive generations. be raised to that lofty rank. felt by . inert. into that of Philosophy and to prove by argument and philosophical deduction. Plato. thought to purify the soul. . the consciousness. the Mysteries taught by symbols as an indisputable fact. the souls of men were formed. followed the Mysteries in teaching that the Gods were but mortal men. either by way of allegory. Hence sprung which Pythagoras taught as an allegory. says Proclus. drew his doctrines from the East and the Mysteries. that the souls of the vicious dead passed into the bodies of those animals to whose nature their vices had most affinity. It vivify. and undertook to translate the language of the symbols used there.when and as soon as it can free itself from its connection with that matter. by means of the ceremonial of initiation. but not brute. It being taught in the Mysteries. Cicero did the same and .MORALS AND DOGMA. formless. uniting with and stance. the doctrine of the transmigration of souls . by the practice of virtue. motionless. select few. whi^h. and carry with itself the baser matter. and those who came after him received literally. and it unceasingly tends to reascend. lifeless. arid freed of the incumbrance earthly prison. perhaps only at a later day. who for their great virtues and signal services had deserved that their souls should. essentially luminous. the immortality of the soul.

that the ancient soothsayers. This doctrine of transmigration of souls obtained. to another . that the soul us. which he develops the docenunciated the doctrine. And Cicero says. and the interpreters of the will of the Gods. in their religious ceremonies and ini. of the pre-existenee of souls. Plato says. who made the term of the informs circle fishes. the same their true life. and that the pains and sorrows of this life are an expiation of prior faults. that souls will not reach the term of their ills. all held the same doctrine. God "O Father. committed before his birth. Of these. The Curds. as Porphyry teries. through animals. grant that my soul. the eternal fire from which they emanate. would restore them to and conduct them to the place of final rest. the latter of whom had been initiated. until the revolutions of the world have restored them to their primitive condition. and the Bishop Synesius. was not so punished for some sin that he had : . and air. the Kabbalists. earth. and who thus prayed to of migrations and birds. expiate here below the crimes committed It was taught in these Mys- passes through several states. and purified them from the stains which they have contracted by the contagion of fire. ani- . It was held in the East and the West. human body. that fire which. we in a prior life and for that are born. as of animals the lion both being consecrated to the Sun. until they had distinguished themselves by the practice of virtue in some one of three several bodies. it was held in the Orient. the Chinese. three thousand years. taught that . held by trines taught most of the ancient philosophers. in Virgil. delivering 399 them from the empire of Evil. from one human body. the Empedocles laurel was the noblest. among the Persians and Magi. Herodotus found it among the Egyptians. virtuous souls were to return. : as did the Jews. So Origen held. and that from the remotest antiquity. before allowing him to see the sacred light for which he sighed. may not be plunged again into the defilements of earth !" So the Gnosand even the Disciples of Christ inquired if the man tics held who was born blind. number as Plato tiations. in the celebrated allegory in in the Mysteries. The Manicheans allowed five Pindar. reunited to the light. to which. To this doctrine probably referred those figures of animals and monsters which were exhibited to the Initiate.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. And he held that they could not be allowed to enter Heaven. even held that souls went into plants.

which on every side. mouth. . humid. Vulcan. he says. it after long ages taking tfk shape of an immense egg. from that famous egg." ries spherical form of its shell. himself born. between the horns of the famous Mithriac Bull. This grand Cosmogonic idea he taught in the Mysteries and thus the Hierophant explained the meaning of the mystic egg. Apis. We find this egg even in Japan. seen by the Initistance. and which three modes were employed in the Mysteries of Bacchus. by the side of the image of the Sun-God whose Mysteries were celebrated. "Consult/' says Macrobius. who also conse- crated the egg to Osiris. is universal principle of all things. which he carried from Egypt to Greece. and Bacchus all borrowed. or first sub. and contains everything in its bosom. and the residue was divided into the four elements. or Phtha. water. The world. The famous Orphic egg was consecrated to Bacchus in his Mysteries. in Upper Egypt. whose attributes Osiris. represented as emitting it from his from it the first principle of heat : as chaos containing in itself the Principles of all Existences confused and intermingled. and circulates in every part of Nature: and the of the soul. and confines within itself the principles a symbolic image of the world and the world is the . issued the purest matter. This symbol was borrowed from the Egyptians. which engenders everything.400 mates the stars. Thus entire Nature. MORALS AND DOGMA. uncreated and informous. in her primitive organization. were represented by a mystic egg. consecrated this symbol and taught that matter. "the Initiates of the Mysteof Bacchus. unorganized. and causing to issue and light. ates in the Sanctuary. The man was there brought face to face with entire nature. or the Fire-God. author of the Grecian Mysteries. from which proceeded heaven and earth and all things else. heat with cold from which. light with darkness. was presented . the dry with the . The rounded and almost encloses it of life. It was. and the spherical envelope that surrounds it. he was rus. who honor with special veneration the sacred egg. of which he purifications speaks. existed from all eternity. says Plutarch. by fire. The relations of the human soul with the rest of nature were a chief object of the science of the Mysteries. an image of the Universe. and air. were symbols of the passage of the soul into different bodies. says DiodoIn Thebes. Orpheus. germ of Light.

in a cypress grove. the heavens and the earth were symbols. and which.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. inculcated upon the Initiates at Samothrace. whose duty it was to preside at orgies and initiations and who. according to Varro. And Sanchoniathon tells us that in tfie Phoenician theology. faithfully transmitted these things to their successors and the Initiates. first Hierophant of the Phoenicians. Osiris and Isis. in the Mysteries of the New Oremerged from the egg of chaos and the Persians had the great egg of Ormuzd. They are the potent Gods worshipped in that Island. These two . Cause into an Active and a Passive cause of which two." he says. no idea of indecency was attached the Phallus and Ctcis. So Phanes. and whose names are consecrated in the books of our Augurs. . in Crete. had builded an altar to Heaven and to Earth whose Mysteries they celebrated at Gnossus. : . and they bear the same the relation to each other as the soul does to body. to in 4OI him whom it her mysteries was wished to instruct in her secrets and initiate and Clemens of Alexandria might well say that . in the generation of all beings: which were symbolized by what we now term Gemini. "As is taught. admiration of mortals. One of them is male and the other female . as such. one actively and the other passively. These two First Causes. the matter of chaos took the form of an egg and he adds: "Such are the lessons which the Son of Thabion. the Light-God. in remote ages." In the Mysteries was also taught the division of the Universal . and the point within a circle: all of which expressed the same philosophical idea as to the Union of the two great Causes of Nature. whose worship was. appeared in the Mysteries. turned into allegories. The Indian Lingam was the union of both. were the two great Divinities. phics. and which he taught to the other Hierophants. Heaven and Earth are regarded as the two first Divinities. . the Active ." The Curetes. initiation was a real physiology. "in the initiation into the Mysteries at Samothrace. as were the boat and mast. emblems of generation and production. which concur. at that remote period when the Sun was Divinities. the Twins. were and Passive Principles of the commonly symbolized by the generative parts of man and woman to which. Universe. in which physics and astronomy intermingled. humidity to dryness. seeking to excite the astonishment and . into which it was held that the great Universal First Cause at the beginning of things divided itself.

and which was not forgotten in the Mysteries that of Light and Darkness. and clash against. For the same reason. if you advance.4O2 in that MORALS AND DOGMA. which will. he adds. Zodiac among the twelve great Diviniby ancient astrology. but every other people that consecrate this symbol (the Phallus). Not only the Egyptians. Tertullian. which has in all ages struck men. as we learn from the geographer Ptolemy. The concourse of these two agents of the Universe was termed in theo- The the logical language a marriage. says Diodorus Siculus. Proclus remarks that ians of having in the distribution of the ties. six signs were assigned to the male and six to the female principle. when about twenty-five hundred years before our era he opened that equinox. by invoking two great causes of nature. other throughout the Universe. and when they were Male and Female. which he regarded as the basis of the Ancient Theology. . it was revered among the Assyrians and Persians. and of which the Phallus was perhaps taken from the generative organ of the Bull. deem that they thereby do honor to the Active Force of the universal generation of all living things. as representing the powers of nature. addressing to each a prayer. of the Orgies and the Myste- . times created no indecent ideas. Day and Night. the Plutarch. and became to the Ancient World the symbol of the creative and generative Power. it will be far wiser for us to seek to penetrate their meaning. and of that of two principles of Light and Darkness. Sign at the Vernal Equinox. treating of the dogma of a Providence. Good and Evil which mingle with. on which in succession they fixed their eyes. The Christian Fathers contented themselves with reviling and But as they in the earlier ridiculing the use of these emblems. and were worn alike by the most innocent youths and virtuous women. Proclus says. is another division of nature. accusing the Valentin- borrowed these symbols from the Mysteries of admits that in those Mysteries they were explained in Eleusis. the Heavens and the Earth. in other Degrees be unfolded to you. yet a manner consistent with decency. because they saw in them the Father and Mother of all generations. and pursue or are pursued by each There all . And they deemed it their duty to do so. The Great Symbolic Egg distinctly reminded the Initiates of this great division of the world. He was too little of a philosopher to comprehend the sublime esoteric meaning of these emblems. Initiates at Eleusis commenced.

orgies. chised from the dominion of Then. the brilliant scene of Elysium. is lost in the night of time. in like manner describes the Initiate. views the sacred spectacles. is alarmed by every kind of sight that astonhe trembles cold ishment and terror take his soul captive .PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. The thick shadow and gloomy atmosphere which had environed the candidate vanish he is filled with a vivid and glowing enthusiasm. In a fragment of the same writer. uncertain in what direction to ad- vance through the profound darkness that envelops him. we learn that the Initiate. and removed the robe that hides the Goddess. resplendent with divine light. in the successive scenes of Darkness and Light which passed before their eyes. free. cites. where were exhibited to him many mystic scenes. that lifts his soul out of the profound dejection in which it was plunged and the purest light succeeds to the thickest darkness. crowned with flowers. a most astounding Light. be consummated. To the profound- succeeded the most brilliant and horrid phantoms. and. absolutely all ills. . accompanied with illusions mus. wavering. where he sees charming meadows overarched by a clear sky. light. until the moment when the Light is shown him. and enfran- he mingles with the crowd of Initiates. passed into a mysterious temple. preserved by Stobaeus. in the brilliant realms of ether. . And Themistius . according to him. a doctrine origin. sweat flows from his body . To the Initiates in the Mysteries of Eleusis was exhibited the spectacle of these two principles. 403 the Greeks as the Barbarians. : . ries. But when the Hierophant has opened the entrance to the inmost sanctuary. in support of his opinion. and the majestic chants of the Hierophants and . The candidate. celebrates with them the holy of Ormuzd. passed through the . as filled with fear and religious awe. and the dwelling-place the candidate first In the Mysteries of Isis. he exhibits her to the Initiate. of astonishing magnitude and beauty. when about to enter into that part of the sanctuary tenanted by the Goddess. up to the moment when his initiation is to . where his ears were stunned with many voices and where Darkness and Light successively passed before hirr\. and festivals celebrated by dances where he hears harmonious voices. the famous Mystic Egg of the disciples as well among whose of Zoroaster and the Initiates in the Mysteries of Mithras. whose splendor blazed round the statue of the Goddess. says Dion Chrysostoest darkness.

bore the sceptres in the Mysteries of the New Bacchus. and fix the moment when one of these principles begins to prevail over the other. Night and Day were two of the eight Gods adored in the Mysteries of Osiris. during six months of each year in the upper world. The connection of the different initiations with the Equinoxes which separate the Empire of the Nights from that of the Days. then into a place representing the elements or sublunary world. and Night. Ormuzd and Ahriman. during: an annual revolution and assures us that the mysterious festivals of : Greece related to the same. the luminous God that issued from the Sacred Egg. "at the Autumnal Equinox. or the Visible Source of Etherial Light. abode of light. The sojourn of Proserpine and also of Adonis. to the bosom of the Eternal PrinLight of the Universe. The very object proposed by them shows that their basis was the theory of the two principles and their relations with the soul. all represented these principles. in whose Mysteries he was initiated.. and consecrated in the religious ceremonies ciple of and Mysteries of Greece. to obtain of the Gods that the soul may not experience the mali. Horus. where the sun. gences Plutarch admits that this theory of two Principles was the basis of all the Mysteries. put to rout the shades Then he himself put on the costume of the Sun-God. Atvs. Adonis. adored under etc.404 MORALS AND DOGMA. where the two principles clash and contend and was finally admitted to a luminous region. and six months in the lower or abode of darkness. of Osiris. allegorically represented the same division of the Universe. his most brilliant light. from which all souls and intelliemanate. each alternately victor and vanquished." "TS the Emneror Julian. he ascended to the Empyrean. Bacchus. dark valley of the shadow of death. Bacchus and the Titans and Giants. . "We celebrate the august Mysteries of Ceres and Proserpine. shows that the Mysteries referred to the continual contest between the two principles of light and darkness. and passed from the empire of darkness to that of light.crnnt nction of the Power of Dnrkness that is then about to have sway and rule in Nature. we inva- . Osiris and Typhon. with of night. And in in all the Macrobim the names of the Sacred Fables explanations given by regard to the Sun." Sallust the Philosopher makes almost the samr remark ns to the relations of the soul with the periodical march of Kent and darkness. Phanes. After having set his feet on the threshold of the palace of Pluto.

his from the grave. "In this lake the Egyptians celebrate. 405 riably see that they refer to the theory of the two Principles.PRliNCE OF THE TABERNACLE. Chapel and against the wall and says. What this I shall say will not violate the respect which I owe to religion. in the combats waged with Darkness during each annual period. Alacrobius says. known among the Greeks as Thesmophoria. "It is the tomb of a man. victor and vanquished by turns. at Sais. scenes. he speaks of a in the rear of the Tomb . In April was celebrated the first triumph obtained by the light of day over the length of the nights. It seemed to me as large as that at Delos" [where the Mysteries of Apollo were celebrated]. rodotus adds: "I impose upon myself a profound silence in regard to these Mysteries." This God was Osiris. to a state of immortality. by this passage. and that most interesting to the Mason who laments the death of his Grand Master Khir-Om. Over it Herodotus throws the august veil of that Isis of mystery and silence. This brings us naturally to the tragic portion of these religious and to the allegorical history of the different adventures of the Principle. whose deaths they lamented and to whom they afterward sacrificed as having passed Athenagoras quotes .andwho descended to the Shades and was restored to life of which he had spoken before. whose name respect requires me to conceal. with most of which I am acquainted. symbolical of restoration of death. and a tragic repbut the Tomb of Osiris resentation of his sufferings and remarks that the Egyptians had mourning ceremonies in honor of their Gods. . during the night. Light. and a circular lake paved with stones and revetted with a parapet. Here we reach the most mysterious part of the ancient initiations. and whose Mysteries were termed Isiac. Hehis rising . and life and also of the brazen Sea in the Temple at Jerusalem. put to death byTyphon. As little will I speak of the initiations of Ceres. of the Tomb of Khir-Om. as their object." passage to show that not only the Statue was exhibited in Egypt. what they style the Mysteries. and the ceremonies of mourning and rejoicing had. the vicissitudes of the annual administration of the world. in tne Temple. Within the Temple \vere great obelisks of stone [phalli]. in which are represented the sufferings of the God of whom I have spoken above. We are reminded. . or who was styled the Mother of the Sun-God. Speaking of the Temple of Minerva. Light and Darkness. a? . and the triumphs gained by one over the other.

Horus. tragical death of this like God were an allegory relating resented Darkness. established in honor of Thammuz or Adoni. The Sun is neither born. Three months before. Aiid these feasts. We name know that the Egyptians worshipped the Sun. and they were then invited to rejoice that the dead God was restored to life. uary. . In the islands . as we learn from Plutarch and Ovid. under the of Osiris. and the conflict of the two great Principles which share The the empire of Nature. also died and was restored again to life and to his mother and the priests . Armenia and Persia. combining the different rays of light emanate from the different Sanctuaries. his birth had been celebrated. MORALS AND DOGMA. As we learn from Meursius and Plutarch. or the eighth day before the Kalends of Jan. the death of that God was lamented. the Sun-God. In the Mysteries of Phoenicia. In the Mysteries of Mithras. in Asia Minor.406 It is. also the Sun. rep- sufferings and death of Osiris in the Mysteries of the Night were a mystic image of the phenomena of Nature. son of Isis. under the emblem of an infant. a representation was given of his death. however. We have hints. in the Mysteries of the same God. . The misfortunes and to the Sun. Ahriman. veiling a higher truth. and his resurrection was celebrated with the most enthusiastic expressions of joy. and his return toward his Principle or the pure abode whence he had descended to unite himself with matter. and had by means of his sufferings secured their salvation. passed into Greece. and most influence our souls. we learn from Julian Firmicus. to learn the genius and the object of these secret ceremonies. Typhon. not difficult. a figure was exhibited representing the corpse of a young man. Flowers were strewed upon his body the women mourned for him a tomb was erected to him. born on the 25th of December. slain . honored under the of Bakchos. nor is raised to life: and the recital of these events was but an allegory. representing Mithras dead and afterward his resurrection was announced. his subsequent resurrection. dies. by the Titans of his descent into hell. the spectacle of his death and resurrection was exhibited to the Initiates. A corpse. name In Greece. and not that details. and the same as Apollo or the Sun. cf Isis celebrated these great events by mourning and joyous fes- tival succeeding each other. was shown the Initiates.

At Samothrace. had also a tomb. represented annually in the Mysteries of Cybele. that sacred fire from which our souls were deemed to emanate. used in Masonry. The : Pelasgi. whom the of autumn. actually immolated. Atys. warring with Matter and the dark Principle resident therein. the allegorical narration of the events which happened here below to the Light of Nature. had but a single object. these funeral emblems. these anniversaries of mourning and joy. Jupiter Ammon. Martianus . cold. where his body was after Python. The mutilation and sufferings of the same Sun-God. The tomb of Apollo was at Delphi. painted with the that Amattributes of that equinoctial sign. caused the tragic scenes that were. All these deaths and resurrections. In Crete. and winter.PRINCE OF THE iABERNACLE. over whose tomb tears were shed. honored in Phrygia under the name of Atys. these cenotaphs raised in dif- ferent places to the Sun-God. is the same as Osiris. Adoni. Copella says. this death was represented by the sacrifice of a man. This name was given to the Sun. the Ram or Lamb mon who. ancient inhabitants of Greece. had slain the God triumphs. as we learn from Diodorus Siculus. All these Mysteries. slain whom others term Apollo and Hercules. Athenion says that the young Cabirus so was the same as the Dionusos or Bakchos of the Greeks. the Polar Serpent that annually heralds the laid. on his return to coming him. two names of the Sun. in the Mysteries of the Cabiri or great Gods. celebrated these Mysteries. on the 25th of March. darkness. 407 of Chios and Tenedos. or the Sun in Aries. whose origin is unknown and they worshipped Castor and Pollux as patrons of navigation. and a religious initiation one of the principal ceremonies of which consisted in clothing the Initiate with the skin of a white in this we see the origin of the lamb* And apron of white sheep-skin. mother of the Gods. representing the corpse of a young man. and to whom funeral honors were paid. An image was borne there. displaying . says Clemens of Alexandria. and the other Sun-Gods. . because the Ancient Astronomers gave the name of Gods Cabiri and of Samothrace to the two Gods in the Constellation Gemini. Adonis. honored under different names. and over lamb of the Vernal Equinox. ever at varianae with the Principle of Good and Light poured upon itself by the Supreme Divinity. a representation was given of the death of one of them. and who settled Samothrace.

and source of our intelligences. should associate with Him in His triumph those virtuous Souls that bV their purity were worthy to share His glory and that strove not against the divine force that drew them to Him. in the detail of its parts arranged in most regular order. who It was also held that the vicissitudes experienced by the Father . who was posted in the interior of the Temple. repossessing Himself of His dominion over Darkness. and the dress of the High Priest. God. To the Initiate were also displayed the spectacles of the chief agents of the Universal Cause. represented the Sun. .408 to us MORALS AND DOGMA. father of light and Souls. The arrangement of the Temple of Solomon. variously ornamented and that basis was the fictitious death and resurrection of the Sun. . The Universe itself supplied man with the model of the first Temple religious tragedy. The fruit of Emperor when he suffers : Julian and Sallust the Philosopher. to whom nothing is so terrible as darkness. of the same substance as he. slain by the Chief of the Powers of Darkness. it was said. had a basis. principle of life and movement in the Sublunary World. teries of Eleusis phant. the symbolic ornaments which formed its chief decorations. had reference to the order of the world. Wherefore. the sufferings of the God. in the Mysthe Dadoukos (the first officer after the Hieroicpresented the Grand Demiourgos or Maker of the Universe)." said the High Priest of Mithras. was received in the Mysteries. This we learn from the They are afflicted when he triumphs over the Power they rejoice of Darkness which opposes his sway and hinders the happiness of Souls. That was the great secret of this and its expected fruit the resurrection of a who. as Clemens of Alexandria. Soul of the World. say that it re-ascends toward the home oi Light and the Good. Clemens informs us that the Temple contained many emblems of reared to the Divinity. their chief centre. when He had thus conquered. and there received the candidates. and again restored to life. and to It was in the Sun that Souls. of Light had an influence on the destiny of souls which. Josephus and Philo state. says Porphyry. were purified it they repaired. shared his fortunes. and of the distribution of the world. all. through : which the theologians. murders and tombs alone. It was one of the gates of the soul. "His death works your Salvation . . all these religious tragedies. which are but a portion of the Eternal Light common : blazing in that Star.

in his description of the High Priest's Vestments. are three Signs. . in the vestments of the Sacrificers. and the twelve signs of the zodiac. the Seasons. the earth the twelve . the Constellations answering 2500 years before our era to the Equinoctial to which belong four stars. into whole World was in some sort represented. according to Clemens and Philo. the declares says. and the banners bear the images of the Bull. . and to each division of the Zodiac. of four colors. Even the loaves were arranged in two groups of six. he which the Temple was divided. Hyacinth. and Purple. 409 Moon. in the construction of the Tabernacle. adopt all these explanations. Regulus. the elements. like the Seasons. like the zodiacal signs above and below the Equator. used as clasps. Taurus. the twelve months. Of the three parts. Tabernaculum. those planets the veils. of different colors. the Tabernacle has four veils. were termed the fixed signs. Light the breast-plate. Fomalhaut. Scorpio. . the Great Tent. nearly blue. in the . . God's dwelling-place. The colors of the four are White. and the other Josephus. . the Lion. Blue. of four colors. The Candlestick represented the twelve signs through which the Seven Planets run their courses and the seven lights. At each of these Aldebaran. In the Royal Arch Degree of the American Rite. and Aquarius. Leo. Clemens. Heaven. middle. and are appropriately assigned to the four veils. the learned Bishop of Alexandria. to each of which belongs a banner. Crimson. represented the two hemispheres their wings. the the four elements the tunic of the High Priest. this earth in the centre of the world the two Sardonyxes. because. the Heavens the ephod. the Man. the Sun. and Philo. for contemning the Heathen Divinities. the whole of nature the gold. Hermes calls the Zodiac. the parts of the world.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. it false. two represent Earth and Sea. and the Eagle. and Antares. reserved for Him alone. So the Cherubim. The twelve loaves of Shew-bread signify months of the year. and of time which revolves in the Zodiac. the Sun and Moon and the twelve precious stones . "For the Heavens . veils there are three words Solstitial points : : and belonging to each of these Stars. The four signs. the constellations Ursa Major and Minor. protesting against the charge of impiety brought against the Hebrews by other nations. the zodiac. open to all men. . and in the Sacred vessels. and the third. the planets. the rapid course of the firmament. . of the breast-plate arranged by threes.

and the Man of tw-o of which. . without the supplementary days. symbols of the signs and even with three hundred and sixty. says Philo. and who wore on her head a helmet bearing the image of a bull. of three each. Clemens says. Josephus says. at the water-bearer) at the autumnal equinox. winged bulls and lions. Those who in Thrace adored the sun. the mediator or moderator of the celestial . and Aquarius (the Winter Solstice. earth. its round form representing the world and the sun. : says Philo. as Philo remarks. . Near the candlestick were other emblems representing the heavens. in fact.4IO fly . builded to him. and the vegetative matter out of whose bosom the vapors The whole temple was an abridged image of the world. speaking of the wings of the Cherubim which were winged representations of the Lion. supported by four groups of bulls. preserving that musical proportion and system of harmony of which the sun was the centre and connection. And the throne of Solomon. was substituted. by threes. with bulls adorning its arms. says Macrobius. the candlestick with seven branches represent- ed the seven planets. like those of Horus in Egypt and of the Sun at Tyre. a temple on Mount Zelmisso. symbols of the elements and the seasons with twelve. also. harmony. under the name of SabaZeus. represented the bull of the Vernal Equinox. A circular aperture in the roof admitted the light. the eagle . like the planets above and those below the sun between which two groups was the branch that represented him. for which. the human-headed. likewise referred to the Vernal Equinox and Summer Solstice. where were the great columns consecrated to the winds and fire. on account of its malignant influences. There were candlesticks with four branches. the Grecian Bakchos. the Tyrian artist placed two columns of bronze at the . the number of days in the year." MORALS AND DOGMA. the Bull. he entered Scorpio. when the Sun entered Taurus at the Vernal Equinox and Leo at the Summer Solstice: and when. and supported on lions. to whom Hiram. He is. . had builded a temple. So. looking to the four cardinal points of the compass. The hemispherical brazen sea. like which the seven branches were arranged and regulated. so many have been found at Nimroud adopted as beneficent symbols. Aquila. arise. Imitating the famous Temple of Tyre. the Eagle. -They were arranged. the fourth in the musical scale. and Martianus Capella in his hymn to the Sun. and at Tyre were consecrated toAstarte. entrance of the porch of the temple.

who represented the moon. Even His name was concealed. The images of the Sun. grave and dignified. The Hierophant. We know only that everything recounted there was marvellous : . and to which was a representaof the world. 4! I and introduced the image of the sun into the body of the sanctuary. first. the Hicrophaiit. when holding robe. clothed with the insignia of his The Dadoukos office. and was charged with the led the procession purifications. whose name was The Dadoukos also wore a long ineffable. Eusebius names as the principal Ministers in the Mysteries of Eleusis. the Demiourgos. on the great day of Marathon. bearing the caduceus. and Mercury were represented there. It was not permissible to reveal the different emblems and the mysterious : : pageantry of initiation to the Profane and therefore we do not know the attributes.PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE. tive dissipate the darkness within that temple So the Temple of Eleusis was lighted by a window in the roof. and ornaments of these and other officers of which Apuleius and Pausanias dared not speak. That planet was one of the We . and noble features. with long hair. of the Initiates. emblems. There the passion. everything done there tended to astonish the Initiate and that eyes and ears were equally astounded. . where he seemed to blaze as in the heights of Heaven. . was taken by the Barbarians to be a King. and in it the great lights of nature played a great part and were mystically represented. and a banthat office. clad in a long trailing robe as the Motive-God of Nature was held to be enveloped in His work and hidden under a veil which no mortal can raise. the Master of the Lodge has been absurdly substituted. representing the Moon and last. Dion compares to the Universe. from which he says it differed in size alone. representative of the Sun then the altar-bearer. and representing Mercury. the Hicroceryx. death. The sanctuary so lighted. like that of . or torch-bearer. cury. . Moon. deau on his forehead. After him came the Dadoukos. fighting do not know the functions of the Epibomos or assistant at the altar. Callias. clothed with the attributes of the Grand Architect (Demiourgos) of the Universe. of lofty height. of a great age. with a voice sweet and sonorous. sat upon a throne. (the latter the same as Anubis who accompanied Isis) and they are still the three lights of a Masonic Lodge except that for Mer. and resurrecsymbol tion of Bakchos were represented. his hair long.

or ble any living creature an exquisite invention. and the other a water-vase symbols of the purification of souls by air and water and the third purification. Atys multilated himself. The same officers are found in the procession of Initiates of Isis. came "one