Types of matrices Square matrix If a matrix A has n rows and n columns then we say it's a square matrix.

In a square matrix the elements ai,i , with i = 1,2,3,... , are called diagonal elements. Remark. There is no difference between a 1 x 1 matrix and an ordinary number. A square matrix is a matrix with an equal number of rows and columns.

T is a square matrix of order 2 × 2

V is a square matrix of order 3 × 3

Diagonal matrix A diagonal matrix is a square matrix with all de non-diagonal elements 0. The diagonal matrix is completely denoted by the diagonal elements. Example. [7 0 0] [0 5 0] [0 0 6]

6) Row matrix A matrix with one row is called a row matrix A row matrix is a matrix with only one row. E is a row matrix of order 1 × 1 B is a row matrix of order 1 × 3 Column matrix A matrix with one column is called a column matrix Matrices of the same kind Matrix A and B are of the same kind if and only if A has as many rows as B and A has as many columns as B .The matrix is denoted by diagram (7 . 5 .

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