Rice blast http://www.oisat.org/pests/diseases/fungal/rice_blast.

Scientific name: Pyricularia grisea, Magnaporthe grisea Causal organism: Fungus Host plants Specific to rice but also infects some rice field weeds Affected plant stages All growth stages but the severe damage occurs during the seedling stage Affected plant parts All above ground parts Symptoms

Photo source: R.K. Webster, ARS-USDA

An infected leaf has diamond-shaped or elliptical or spindle-shaped spots with gray or white centers and brown margins. The spots may merge leading to a complete drying of the infected leaf. The infected panicle turns white, causing panicle blast, and dies before being filled with grain. The infected node rots causing all above parts to die. Conditions that favor development 1. Infested or diseased seeds 2. Excessive use of nitrogen

Poor air flow and poor sunlight penetration 4. transplanting is advisable rather than broadcasting Split applications of nitrogenous fertilizer Apply compost Avoid farm activities when plants are wet Burn diseased-straw and stubble Malabar nut extract . 7. 4. Rainy days with high humidity Prevention and control 1. 3. 6. 8. 5.3. Use diseased-free seeds Use resistant cultivars Proper plant spacing. 2.

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