CHEMISTRY THE ESSAY QUESTIONS OF PAPER 3

NAME: _______________________________________ FORM: _______________________________________ TEACHER: ____________________________________

NORHASLINDA BINTI MOHD SALLEH

MASTERING ESSAY QUESTION CHEMISTRY PAPER 3

EXPERIMENT 1 (CHAPTER 2) The Structure Of Atom
Aim:To investigate the effect of the presence of impurity to
the melting point of naphthalene (become lower)

EXPERIMENT 2 (CHAPTER 4) Periodic Table Of Element
Aim : To investigate the reaction of alkali metal with water Problem statement : How does reactivity of Group 1 elements change when they react with water? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis :

EXPERIMENT 3(CHAPTER 4) Periodic Table Of Element
Aim: To investigate the reaction of alkali metals with oxygen / chlorine Problem statement : How do alkali metals react with oxygen / chlorine? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis :

Problem statement : How does the presence of ______________ affect the _________________ of ________________ ? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis :

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NORHASLINDA BINTI MOHD SALLEH

EXPERIMENT 4 (CHAPTER 4) PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENT
Aim : To investigation the reaction of halogens with iron Problem statement : How does reactivity of halogens change when they react with iron? Variable Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis :The reactivity of halogens decreases down the group from chlorine to bromine when they react with iron. Materials:

EXPERIMENT 5 (CHAPTER 6) ELECTROCHEMISTRY
Aim : To investigate the effect of concentration of ions on the selective discharge of ion at the electrodes of aqueous hydrochloric acid. Problem statement : How does the concentration of ions in hydrochloric acid affect the discharge of ions at the anode? Variable Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : When the concentration of chloride ion is higher, then the chloride ion will be preferentially discharge. Materials:

EXPERIMENT 6 (CHAPTER 6) ELECTROCHEMISTRY
Aim :To investigate the effect of the types of electrodes on the products of electrolysis of aqueous copper(II) sulphate solution. Problem statement : How does the type of products formed during the electrolysis? Variable Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : When copper electrodes are used instead of carbon electrodes, the types of products formed at the anode are different. Materials:

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NORHASLINDA BINTI MOHD SALLEH

EXPERIMENT 7 (CHAPTER 6) ELECTROCHEMISTRY
Aim :To construct the electrochemical series based on potential differences between metals. Problem statement : Can an electrochemical series of metals be contrasted based on the potential difference between two metals? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : The further apart the two metals in the electrochemical series, the greater the potential difference produced/ the voltage produce Materials:

EXPERIMENT 8 (CHAPTER 6) ELECTROCHEMISTRY
Aim :To construct the electrochemical series using the principle of displacement of metals Problem statement : How can the electrochemical series of metals be constructed based on the displacement metals? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : the greater the number of metals that can be displaced by a metal from their solution, the higher is its position in the electrochemical series. Materials:

EXPERIMENT 9 (CHAPTER 7) ACID AND BASES
Aim:To investigate the role of water in showing their properties of acids. Problem statement : Is water needed for an acid to show its acidic properties? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : An acid will show its acidic properties when dissolved in water Materials:

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NORHASLINDA BINTI MOHD SALLEH

EXPERIMENT 10 (CHAPTER 7) ACID AND BASES
Aim: To investigate the role of water in showing their properties of alkali Problem statement : Is water needed for an alkali to show its alkaline properties? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis :

EXPERIMENT 11 (CHAPTER 7) ACID AND BASES SPM 09
Aim : To investigate the relationship between pH values with molarity of acid Problem statement : What is the relationship between pH values with molarity of an acid? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : When the molarity of an acid increase, its pH value decrease. Materials:

EXPERIMENT 12(CHAPTER 8) SALTS
Aim: To construct the ionic equation for the formation of lead (II) chromate(VI) Problem statement : How to construct an ionic equation for the formation of lead(II)chromate(VI)? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : As the volume of potassium chromate(VI) solution increase, the height of the yellow precipitate increase until all the lead(II) nitrate has reacted Materials:

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NORHASLINDA BINTI MOHD SALLEH

EXPERIMENT 13 (CHAPTER 9)
MANUFACTION SUBST. IN INDUSTRY
Aim: To compare the hardness of pure metal and its alloy Problem statement : Are alloys harder than pure metal? (Is bronze harder than copper) Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis :

EXPERIMENT 14 (CHAPTER 9)
MANUFACTION SUBST. IN INDUSTRY
Aim :To compare the rate of rusting between iron, steel and stainless steel. Problem statement : How does the rate of rusting between iron, steel and stainless steel differ? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : Iron rust faster thant steel and steel rust faster than stainless Materials:

EXPERIMENT 15(CHAPTER 10) RATE OF REACTION
Aim: To investigate the effect of total area(size) of solid reactants on the rate of reaction. Problem statement :

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NORHASLINDA BINTI MOHD SALLEH

EXPERIMENT 16 (CHAPTER 10) RATE OF REACTION
Aim: To investigate the effect of concentration on the rate of reaction Problem statement :

EXPERIMENT 17 (CHAPTER 10) RATE OF REACTION
Aim : To investigate the effect of temperature on the rate of reaction Problem statement :

EXPERIMENT 18 (CHAPTER 10) RATE OF REACTION SPM 2010
Aim: To investigate the effect of catalyst on the rate of reaction Problem statement : How does a catalyst affect the rate of reaction? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis :

Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis :

Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis :

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NORHASLINDA BINTI MOHD SALLEH

EXPERIMENT 20 (CHAPTER 11) CARBON COMPOUNDS
Aim : To compare the elasticity of vulcanized rubber and unvulcanized rubber Problem statement : Is vulcanized rubber more elastic than unvulcanized rubber? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : Vulcanized rubber is more elastic than unvulcanized rubber. Materials:

EXPERIMENT 21 (CHAPTER 12) OXIDATION & REDUCTION
Aim: To investigate the effect of other metals on rusting Problem statement : How do different types of metals in contact with iron affect rusting? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : When a more electropositive metals is in contact with iron, it inhibits rusting. When a less electronegative metal, in contact with iron, it speed up rusting. Materials:

EXPERIMENT 22(CHAPTER 13) THERMOCHEMISTRY
Aim: To determine the heat of combustion of various liquid alcohol Problem statement : Does alcohol with more carbon atoms per molecule have a higher heat of combustion? Variable: Manipulated : Responding : Controlled : Hypothesis : The higher the number of carbon atoms in the molecules, the higher is the heat of combustion. Materials:

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NORHASLINDA BINTI MOHD SALLEH

NORHASLINDA BINTI MOHD SALLEH

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