College Level Math Study Guide for the ACCUPLACER (CPT

)
(developed by AIMS Community College)

The following sample questions are similar to the format and content of questions on the Accuplacer College Level Math test. Reviewing these samples will give you a good idea of how the test works and just what mathematical topics you may wish to review before taking the test itself. Our purposes in providing you with this information are to aid your memory and to help you do your best. I. Factoring and expanding polynomials Factor the following polynomials: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

15a 3 b 2 − 45a 2 b 3 − 60a 2 b 7 x 3 y 3 + 21x 2 y 2 − 10 x 3 y 2 − 30 x 2 y 6x 4 y 4 − 6 x 3 y 2 + 8xy 2 − 8 2x 2 − 7 xy + 6 y 2 y4 + y2 − 6 7 x 3 + 56 y 3 81r 4 − 16s 4 (x + y )2 + 2(x + y ) + 1

Expand the following: 9. (x + 1)(x − 1)(x − 3) 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

(2x + 3y )2

(

(x + 1) (x − 1)6

(x

3x + 3
2 5

)(

− 2x + 3

)

6x − 6

)

2

II. Simplification of Rational Algebraic Expressions Simplify the following. Assume all variables are larger than zero. 1. 2.

3 2 +5 − 4 + 4 0 9 ÷ 3 ⋅ 5 − 8 ÷ 2 + 27 81 3. x4
Solving Equations A. Linear 1. 3 − 2(x − 1) = x − 10 2.

4.

2 18 − 5 32 + 7 162
6 x − 18 12 x − 16 ⋅ 2 3x + 2x − 8 4x − 12

5.

III.

3. 4.

x x − =1 2 7
8 ⎞⎛ 2⎞ ⎛ ⎜ y − ⎟⎜ y + ⎟ = 0 3 ⎠⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3 2 2 x − 4x − 30x = 0 27 x 3 = 1 (x − 3)(x + 6 ) = 9x + 22 t2 + t +1 = 0

y( y + 2 ) = y 2 − 6 2[x − (1 − 3x )] = 3(x + 1)

B. Quadratic & Polynomial 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

3x 3 = 24 2 2 7. (x + 1) + x = 25 2 8. 5 y − y = 1
6.

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C. Rational 1. 2. 3.

1 2 + =0 y −1 y +1 2 3 12 − = 2 x −3 x +3 x −9 1 2 5x + = 2 6 − x x + 3 x − 3x − 18

4. 5. 6.

11 2 1 − = x − 25 x − 5 x + 5 1 −6 = 2 a a +5 1 x −1 = + 2 x − 3x x x − 3
2

D. Absolute value 1. 2. 3.

5 − 2z − 1 = 8
x + 5 − 7 = −2 5x − 1 = −2

4. 5.

1 3 1 x− = 2 4 4 y −1 = 7 + y

E. Exponential 1.

10 x = 1000 3x +5 2. 10 = 100 1 x +1 3. 2 = 8

4. 5.

3x 9 x =
2

( )

2 x 4 2x

2

( )

1 3 1 = 8

F. Logarithmic 1. log 2 (x + 5 ) = log 2 (1 − 5x ) 2. 3. 4.

2 log 3 (x + 1) = log 3 (4x ) log 2 (x + 1) + log 2 (x − 1) = 3 ln x + ln (2 x + 1) = 0

5. 6.

ln x + ln (x + 2 ) = ln 3

3 2 x = 4 x +1

G. Radicals 1. 2. 3.

4 2y − 1 − 2 = 0

4. 5. 6.
3
4

x2 + 9 + x +1 = 0

2x + 1 + 5 = 8 5x − 1 − 2 x + 1 = 0

3x + 2 + 4 = 6
w2 + 7 = 2

IV. Solving Inequalities Solve the following inequalities and express the answer graphically and using interval notation. A. Linear 3 3. 3( x + 2 ) − 6 > −2( x − 3) + 14 x + 4 ≤ −2 1.

5 2. 3( x + 3) ≥ 5( x − 1)

4.

2 ≤ 3 x − 10 ≤ 5

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4. 6 x + 5x ≥ 4 3. Graphing Relations. 27a 3 2a 2 b 2 2 5− 3 x x +3 3 8. Lines & Regions Find the x and y-intercepts. 4. Rationalize the denominators when needed. state if it is a function. 1. 3 ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ 3 7. Write in slope-intercept form the line that passes through the points (4.rtf . Graph the solution set of − x + 3 y < −6 . Assume all variables are >0. 3. Graph the solution set of x − y ≥ 2 . and graph it. Write in slope-intercept form the line perpendicular to the graph of 4x – y = -1 and containing the point (2. VI. and graph y = -4. 3). y = x+2 y = x −2 x −1 y= x+2 f (x ) = − x + 1 + 3 6. 2. 4. ⎜ ⎜ 9a −3 b 8 ⎝ 3 ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ −2 ⎛ x 3 y−3 4. x 7. Find the x and y-intercepts. 2. 2. 1. 9. the slope. and graph x = 3. = y2 + 2 = x 2 + 8x − 6 y= −x y = 3x 2x − 5 f (x ) = 2 x −9 6x 2 10. Absolute value: Solve and Graph. 3. 5. the slope.B. 9. Quadratic or Rational 1. 1. 2). V. state the domain & range. 1. Domain & Range For each relation. 40 x 4 y9 05/29/01 3:22 colalg. 3x 2 − 11x − 4 < 0 2 2. 4x + 1 ≤ 6 4x + 3 + 2 > 9 3. 3. h (x ) = 3x 2 − 2x − 1 VII. 2. y 8. 6) and (-4. Exponents and Radicals Simplify. 7. 6. and graph 6x + 5y = 30. x+5 ≥5 3 5 − 2 x < 15 x+2 ≥0 3− x (x + 1)(x − 3) ≤ 0 2x + 7 C. Find the x and y-intercepts. 3 − 8x 3 5 147 − 4 48 5 15 − 3 2 4 ( ) ⎛ 54a −6 b 2 6. ⎜ ⎜ x −5 3 ⎝ 5. the slope. 4. 5.

3. 7. Sam made $10 more than twice what Pete earned in one month. what is the length of the pole? 05/29/01 4:22 colalg. If one-sixth of the length of the pole is in the sand at the Water Line bottom of the lake.000 if it is invested at 12% interest compounded quarterly? X. how many calories does she burn up while running 1 mile? A pole is standing in a small lake. Solve the system: −x+ y+z =0 3. and two-thirds of the total length is in the air above Sand the water. 3. 25 ft are in the water. Find the Inverse: ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ − 1 2⎦ 3. 8. 1. ⎡ 1 − 1 1 ⎤ ⎡0 2 1 ⎤ ⎢0 4. Solve the system: 2 x + 3 y + 6 z = 2 1. How long will it take $850 to be worth $1. Express log 5 25 = 2 in exponential form. Graph: f ( x ) = 3 + 1 2. − 16 − 4 − 9 − 16 ⋅ − 9 − 16 −9 4. Exponential Functions and Logarithms x 1. Story Problems 3 −1 ⎡ 1 2⎤ 6. 6. how much did each earn that month? A woman burns up three times as many calories running as she does when walking the same distance. (4 − 3i )(4 + 3i ) (4 − 3i )2 i 25 3 − 2i 7. Complex Numbers Perform the indicated operation and simplify. Multiply: 2 0 ⎥ ⎢1 2 0 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥⎢ ⎥ ⎢− 2 1 − 3⎥ ⎢0 0 1⎥ ⎣ ⎦⎣ ⎦ 1 −2 Find the determinant: ⎡ 3 1 ⎤ ⎡ 1 − 2⎤ 3 − 2⎢ ⎥ + 3⎢1 6 ⎥ ⎣ − 1 2⎦ ⎣ ⎦ XI. Graph: g ( x ) = 2 −2 x −1 6. Systems of Equations & Matrices 2x + 3y = 7 6x − y = 1 x + 2 y + 2z = 3 2. Solve: log x 9 = 2 Graph: h( x ) = log 3 x 1 in logarithmic form. 1.rtf . If together they earned $760. Solve: log 2 x = 4 Express 8 = Use the properties of logarithms to expand as much as possible: log 4 3 y 9. 64 4. Perform the indicated operation: 5. 4 + 5i IX. 5. 5. If she runs 2 miles and walks 5 miles to burn up a total of 770 calories.VIII. 2. 2.

1. f (− 3) + g (2 ) f (5) − g(4 ) f (− 1) ⋅ g (− 2 ) f (5) g(5) Let f (x ) = 2 x + 9 and Functions g(x ) = 16 − x 2 . 14. . 7. 1. 2. 5. a) Identify the conic section and put into standard form. Factorials. 2. XV. A particular new car model is available with five choices of color. 05/29/01 5:22 colalg.. vice president. Write out the first four terms of the sequence whose general term is a n = 2 + 1 . 5. & Combinations Evaluate: 8! 3!(8 − 3)! 3. 4. Find the general term for the following sequence: 4.XII. Write out the first four terms of the sequence whose general term is 4. How many different variations of this model care are possible? In a horse race. f −1 (2 ) f f −1 (3) f (g (x )) (g o f )(−2) ( ) Fundamental Counting Rule. foci. =1 16 9 ( x + 1)2 − ( y − 2)2 = 1 c) 16 9 2 d) ( x − 2 ) + y = 4 (x − 2)2 + y 2 = 16 ( x + 1)2 + ( y − 2)2 x 2 − 4 x − 12 + y 2 = 0 2 2 b) 9 x + 18 x + 16 y − 64 y = 71 2 2 c) 9 x + 18 x − 16 y + 64 y = 199 2 d) x + y − 4 x = 0 XIII. 8.1.rtf . a) b) Conic Sections Graph the following. how many different finishes among the first three places are possible for a ten-horse race? How many ways can a three-person subcommittee be selected from a committee of seven people? How many ways can a president. Find the general term for the following sequence: 2. Sequence & Series 1.. Write out the first four terms of the sequence whose general term is a n = 3n − 2 . 1 . Permutations. . 2. 6. .. and secretary be chosen from a committee of seven people. and two types of engines. Expand the following: ∑ ⎜ k ⎟x ⎜ ⎟ k =0 4 ⎛ 4⎞ ⎝ ⎠ k y 4−k XIV. 2. 1 . 3. 4. and asymptotes if possible.. and find the center. 11. 5. 2. 6. 8. 2 4 Find the sum: ∑ 2k − 1 k =0 6 7. four types of interior. 1. 17. a n = n 2 − 1. n 3. three choices of transmission. Find the following.

determine the distance between the two boats. 05/29/01 6:22 colalg. 1. A man standing at the top of a 65m lighthouse observes two boats. 2. o 72o 6 ft 40 ft 4. 4. Trigonometry Graph the following through one period: f (x ) = sin x Graph the following through one period: g (x ) = cos(2 x ) A man whose eye level is 6 feet above the ground stands 40 feet from a building. The angle of elevation from eye level to the top of the building is 72 . Using the data given in the picture. 3.XVI. How tall is the building.rtf .

we can make it appear more natural to us by using substitution (a procedure needed for calculus).rtf . we consider factoring by grouping. When you factor by grouping. ] 3. 2 6. be careful of the minus sign between the two middle terms. take out the Greatest Common Factor. 9. 15a 2 b ab − 3b 2 − 4 3 3 2 2 3 2 2 2. (3r − 2s )(3r + 2s )(9r 2 + 4s 2 ) (x + y + 1)2 Hint: Let u = x + y 2 x 3 − 3x 2 − x + 3 2 2 10. If there are four terms. 4 x + 12 xy + 9 y 11. 4. there are three steps to keep in mind. proceed. consider factoring by grouping. 2 ( )( ) substitute the y back in place of the u’s. Then. 3 2 x − 3 2 4 3 2 12. you are done. Let u = y . 7 x y + 21x y − 10 x y − 30 x y x 2 y 7 xy 2 + 21y − 10xy − 30 x 2 y 7 xy 2 + 21y + (− 10 xy − 30 ) x 2 y[7 y(xy + 3) − 10(xy + 3)] x 2 y(7 y − 10 )(xy + 3) ( ) ( [( ) ) Since there are 4 terms. 8. If you can factor more. Always factor out the Greatest Common Factor 2. Factor the expression with u’s. x 5 + 5x 4 + 10x 3 + 10x 2 + 5x + 1 6 5 4 3 2 14. Factoring and Expanding Polynomials When factoring. Factor what is left 3. 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 3 1 1 4 6 4 1 05/29/01 7:22 colalg. Otherwise. First. 7(x + 2 y ) x 2 − 2xy + 4 y 2 ( ) Formula for factoring the sum of two cubes: a 3 + b 3 = (a + b ) a 2 − ab + b 2 a 3 − b 3 = (a − b ) a 2 + ab + b 2 ( ) The difference of two cubes is: ( ) 7. x − 6 x + 15x − 20 x + 15x − 6 x + 1 When doing problems 13 and 14. 1. you may want to use Pascal’s Triangle.Answers I. x − 4 x + 10 x − 12 x + 9 13. 5. Answers: 1. 2 3x 3 y 2 + 4 xy 2 − 1 (2x − 3y )(x − 2 y ) y4 + y2 − 6 u2 + u − 6 (u − 2 )(u + 3) y2 − 2 y2 + 3 ( )( ) When a problem looks slightly odd.

5 Solving quadratics or Polynomials: 1. Multiply both sides of the equation by the lowest common denominator 3.− 3 3 x = 0.−1 ± i 3 y= 1 ± 21 10 x = 3. -4 C. However. Hence. 6. 1.rtf 05/29/01 . In square roots.II. 14 4 or 2 5 5 3. Linear 1. 2. -3. x = 5 2. use the quadratic formula 1 −1± i 3 x= . 3 6 x = 10. 3. 5. Quadratic & Polynomials 1. y = -3 4. 8 2 y = . 2a Note: i = − 1 and that − 12 = i 12 = i 2 ⋅ 2 ⋅ 3 = 2i 3 x= t= −1± i 3 2 x = 2. If factoring is not possible. 2. x = 1 B. you can write 4 as a product of primes ( 2 ⋅ 2 ). 8:22 colalg. 7. III. 3 causes the denominators to be zero in the original equation. Check answers to make sure that they do not cause zero to occur in the denominators of the original equation 2. 8. Simplify and solve for the given variable 4. x = 4 = 2⋅2 = 2. 3. this problem has no solution. Find the lowest common denominator for all fractions in the equation 2. 4. we get x = 3. Working the problem. it takes two of the same thing on the inside to get one thing on the outside: 9 x2 49 2 6 x+2 Solving Equations A. Try to factor 2. 4. 13 38 Simplification of Rational Algebraic Expressions If you have 4 . 1 2 + =0 y −1 y +1 1 2 ⎤ + ⎥ = 0(y − 1)(y + 1) ⎣ y − 1 y + 1⎦ (y − 1)(y + 1) 1 + (y − 1)(y + 1) 2 = 0 y −1 y +1 (y + 1) + 2(y − 1) = 0 3y − 1 = 0 1 y= 3 (y − 1)(y + 1)⎡ ⎢ Solving Rational Equations: 1. -4 − b ± b 2 − 4ac 2 where ax + bx + c = 0 . 5. Rational 1.

then M = N. then r = s. y log b (M ⋅ N ) = log b M + log b N ⎛M⎞ log b ⎜ ⎟ = log b M − log b N ⎝N⎠ log b M r = r ⋅ log b M log 3 (x + 1) = log 3 (4 x ) (x + 1)2 = 4x 2 x − 2x + 1 = 0 x = 1. x = 2 or 1 y − 1 = 7 + y or y − 1 = −(7 + y ) 0=8 or 2 y = −6 No Solution or y = −3 Hence. Absolute Value 1. x = 2 or x = -2. Note: Always check your answers!! 2. Note: An absolute value can not equal a negative value. 2. x = -1 x = -4 x = -1.3 is the only solution. 1 D. E. 4. 5 − 2z − 1 = 8 5 − 2z = 9 5 − 2z = 9 or 5 − 2z = −9 − 2z = 4 or − 2z = −14 z = −2 or z = 7 Solving Absolute Value Equations: 1. 3. x = 3 is the only solution since –3 cause the argument of a logarithm to be negative. Remember that x = 2 means that the object inside the absolute value has a distance of 2 away from zero. If log b M = log b N . x = 0 or –10 No solution! An absolute value can not equal a negative number. r b r th b 2. x = −2 does not make any sense. x=− 15 4 x=2 a = -1. y = . 4. y −1 = 7 + y 10 = 1000 10 x = 10 3 ∴x = 3 x Some properties you will need to be familiar with. 5. -3 F. 9:22 Always check your answer!! Bases and arguments of logarithms can not be negative. The only numbers with a distance of 2 away from zero are 2 and –2. Logarithms 1.rtf . 4. -1 x = -1. Hence. 6. Use the same thought process for solving other absolute value equations. 3. log 2 (x + 5) = log 2 (1 − 5x ) x + 5 = 1 − 5x 6 x = −4 2 x=− 3 2 log 3 (x + 1) = log 3 (4x ) Properties of logarithms to be familiar with. 5. then this equation can be rewritten in exponential form as b = x . If log b x = y . -5 x = -2. 1 2 3. Exponential 1. If If a r = a s .3. 2. Isolate the Absolute value on one side of the equation and everything else on the other side. 5. 05/29/01 colalg.

For example: 5>3 − 1(5) < −1(3) − 5 < −3 Interval Notation: (− ∞. x=2 w = 3. 2. 2y − 1 = 1 2 1 2y − 1 = 4 5 2y = 4 5 y= 8 . you use the same steps as solving an equation. Linear 1. If it is a cube root. IV. Note: A radical with an even index such as G.. Isolate the radical on one side of the equation and everything else on the other side. 6. The difference is when you multiply or divide both sides by a negative number. then square both sides. Solve for the given variable and check your answer. 1 is the only solution since –1 causes the argument of a logarithm to be negative. 5. 6. 2. 5x − 1 = 2 x + 1 5x − 1 = 2 x + 1 5 x − 1 = 4( x + 1) ) ( 2 ) 2 x=5 No solution. 3 x + 4 ≤ −2 5 3 x ≤ −6 5 x ≤ −10 -10 When solving linear inequalities.. 5.−10] 05/29/01 10:22 colalg. 4 .. 3. 2 x = 1 is the only solution since –3 causes the argument of a logarithm to be negative. x=4 5x − 1 − 2 x + 1 = 0 ( 4. etc… 3.rtf .4. Radicals 1. 6 . then cube both sides. you must change the direction of the inequality. If it is a square root. can not have a negative argument ( The square root can but you must use complex numbers). -3 Solving Inequalities A. x = 4 does not work in the original equation. 32 x = 4 x +1 2x ln 3 = (x + 1) ln 4 2x ln 3 − x ln 4 = ln 4 x (2 ln 3 − ln 4 ) = ln 4 ln 4 x= 2 ln 3 − ln 4 x= 4 2y − 1 − 2 = 0 Solving Equations with radicals: 1.

∞ ) 4≤x≤5 4 5 Interval Notation: 4.2. For more information. If the alligator faces the absolute value such as. 7 Interval Notation: Interval Notation: (− ∞. ∞ ) 2⎠ ⎝ 3.rtf . These expressions express that x can not be less than 5 units away from zero.7] 4 (4. see page 132 in the College Algebra text. x > 1 or x < − 5 2 5⎞ ⎛ Interval: ⎜ − ∞. ∞ ) (− 5. x > 5 . x > 4 4.10 ) -5 -20 10 − 5 < x < 10 10 Interval: 05/29/01 11:22 colalg. 4x + 1 ≤ 6 − 6 ≤ 4x + 1 ≤ 6 − 7 ≤ 4x ≤ 5 7 5 − ≤x≤ 4 4 Think of the inequality sign as an alligator. − 5 2 1 x ≤ −20 or x ≥ 10 Interval: 4.− ⎟ ∪ (1. ⎥ ⎣ 4 4⎦ 5 4 ⎡ 7 5⎤ then one can remove the absolute value and write x > 5 or x < −5 . Absolute Value 1.5 [ ] B. This expression indicates that x can not be farther than 5 units away from zero. If the alligator is facing away from the absolute value sign such as. then one can remove the absolute value and write − 5 < x < 5 .−20] ∪ [10. 2. (− ∞. x ≤ 7 3. 7 − 4 Interval: ⎢ − . x < 5 .

3x+1 is negative in the first region when we substitute a number such as –2 in for x. You should have a number line and lines dividing regions on the numbers that make the factors zero. Zero should be on one side of the inequality while every thing else is on the other side. [− 2. ∞ ⎟ 3⎦ ⎣2 ⎠ ⎝ 3. Set the factors equal to zero and solve. pick a number and substitute it in for x in each factor. − ⎥ ∪ ⎢ .C. 4. Continue with step 5 until you find a region that satisfies the inequality. 3x +1 x-4 − 1 3 4 Answer: ⎜ − ⎛ 1 ⎞ . x in the first region is not a solution. 6. For details on how to solve these problems. x – intercept: (3.3] 2⎠ ⎝ Lines and Regions Steps to solving quadratic or rational inequalities. 1. Record the sign in that region. Write the factors in on the side. 5. Since a negative times a negative number is positive. then both factors will be negative. x-4 will be negative throughout the whole first region. 0) y – intercept: (0.4 ⎟ ⎝ 3 ⎠ 2. 4⎤ ⎡1 ⎞ ⎛ ⎜ − ∞. 7. see page 263 of the College Algebra text. check that your endpoints do not make the original inequality undefined.rtf . In our example.3) 7⎞ ⎛ 4. Draw a chart. V. In each region. 6) slope: − 6 5 2. Likewise. 3x 2 − 11x − 4 < 0 (3x + 1)(x − 4) < 0 1 x = − and x = 4 make the above 3 factors zero. Page 145 of the College Algebra text discusses this topic in detail. If x is a number in the first region.− ⎟ ∪ [− 1. Quadratic or Rational 1. Moreover. 3x+1 will be negative everywhere in the first region. 0) y – intercept: None slope: None 05/29/01 12:22 colalg. 1. Factor 3. Especially with rational expression. x – intercept: (5. ⎜ − ∞. 2.

x – intercept: None y – intercept: (0. -4) slope: 0 4. x−y≥2 7. 1 1 y = − x+3 4 2 6.rtf .3. y= 1 x+4 2 5. − x + 3y < −6 05/29/01 13:22 colalg.

∞ ) Domain: − 2. ∞ ) [ [ 3. f (x ) = − x + 1 + 3 Domain: Range: (− ∞.rtf . ∞ ) 4. ∞ ) [ [ 2. ∞ ) (− ∞. ∞ ) Domain: 0. Graphing Relations For details on how to solve these problems. 1.VI. y = x −2 Range: − 2.3] 05/29/01 14:22 colalg.1) ∪ (1. y= x −1 x+2 Domain: All Real Numbers except -2 Range: (− ∞. see Chapter 2 of the College Algebra text. y = x+2 Range: 0.

rtf . f (x ) = 2x − 5 x2 − 9 ±3 Domain: All Real Numbers except Range: All Real Numbers. 6. y = x 2 + 8x − 6 Domain: Range: (− ∞.5.0] [0. ∞ ) [− 22. y= −x Range: Domain: (− ∞. ∞ ) [ 7. ∞ ) (− ∞. x = y2 + 2 Range: Domain: 2. ∞ ) 05/29/01 15:22 colalg. ∞ ) 8.

∞ ) 8. Exponents and Radicals For details on how to solve these problems.1 3 VII. ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 9a −3 b 8 ⎟ ⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎛ 6 ⎞ =⎜ 3 6 ⎟ ⎝a b ⎠ −2 = a 6 b12 36 ⋅3 3 7. –2x 5 147 − 4 48 = 35 3 − 16 3 = 19 3 3. see page 29 and 361 of the College Algebra text.0 ] 1 . y = 3x Range: Domain: (− ∞. 27a 3 2a 2 b 2 5+ 3 3 = 3a 3 2a 2 b 2 = 3a 3 2a 2 b 2 4ab 3a 3 4ab 33 4ab = = 2ab 2b 4ab ⎛ x ⎞⎛ x − 3 ⎞ x x − 3x ⎟= ⎜ ⎟⎜ x −9 ⎝ x + 3 ⎠⎜ x − 3 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ 05/29/01 16:22 colalg. h (x ) = 6x 2 3x 2 − 2x − 1 Domain: All Real Numbers except − Range: (2. 5 3 − 15 x7 4. 9. 8.7. 2 x 5x y3 −2 ⎛ 54a −6 b 2 ⎞ 6. 1.rtf . ∞ ) (0. y4 5. 2. ∞ ) ∪ (− ∞.

5 2 = 25 log 2 x = 4 5. g ( x ) = 2 x −1 3. − 16 − 4 − 9 = 4i − 12i = −8i − 16 ⋅ − 9 = (4i )(3i ) = 12i 2 = −12 (4 − 3i )2 = (4 − 3i )(4 − 3i ) = 16 − 24i + 9i 2 = 16 − 24i − 9 = 7 − 24i 12 12 i 25 = i ⋅ i 24 = i(i 2 ) = i(− 1) = i 3 − 2i 4 − 5i 12 − 23i + 10i 2 12 − 23i − 10 2 − 23i ⋅ = = = 4 + 5i 4 − 5i 16 + 25 41 16 − 25i 2 4i 4i 3i 12i 2 − 12 4 = ⋅ = = = 3i 3i 3i 9i 2 −9 3 −9 (4 − 3i )(4 + 3i ) = 16 − 9i 2 = 16 + 9 = 25 = − 16 IX. 3. Complex Numbers 1. 24 = x 16 = x 05/29/01 17:22 colalg. log 8 1 = −2 64 4. 7. f (x ) = 3 x + 1 2. 6.rtf . 4. 2.VIII. Exponential Functions and Logarithms 1. 5.

12 ⎞ 1000 = 850⎜1 + ⎟ 4 ⎠ ⎝ 4t 20 ⎛ .6.12 ⎞ 4 log⎜1 + ⎟ 4 ⎠ ⎝ 05/29/01 18:22 colalg.12 ⎞ log⎜ ⎟ = 4t log⎜1 + ⎟ 4 ⎠ ⎝ 17 ⎠ ⎝ ⎛ 20 ⎞ log⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 17 ⎠ = t ⎛ . x = 3. r⎞ ⎛ A = P⎜ 1 + ⎟ ⎝ n⎠ nt ⎛ . h( x ) = log 3 x 8.12 ⎞ = ⎜1 + ⎟ 17 ⎝ 4 ⎠ 4t ⎛ 20 ⎞ ⎛ . -3 is not a solution because bases are not allowed to be negative 7.rtf . log 4 3 = log 4 3 − log 4 y y A = money ended with ⎧ ⎪ P = Principle started with ⎪ ⎪ where ⎨ r = yearly interest rate ⎪n = number of compounds per year ⎪ ⎪ t = number of years ⎩ 4t 9.12 ⎞ log⎜ ⎟ = log⎜1 + ⎟ 4 ⎠ ⎝ 17 ⎠ ⎝ ⎛ 20 ⎞ ⎛ .

− ⎟ 4⎠ ⎝2 3. 0) Radius: 4 05/29/01 19:22 colalg. 1. see chapter 7 of the College Algebra text. Systems of equations Please see chapter 5 of the College Algebra text for an explanation of solving linear systems and manipulating matrices. x = length of pole XII. ⎜ 3⎞ ⎛1 . ⎢ − k + ⎥ for k ∈ Natural numbers 5⎥ ⎢ 5 k ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎦ ⎣ 2⎤ ⎡− 1 0 ⎢2 4. a) ( x − 2)2 + y 2 = 16 Center: (2. Conic Sections 2 1 x + 25 + x = x 3 6 Answer: 150 feet For an explanation of the theory behind the following problems. Let x = the money Pete earns 2x+10=the money Sam earns x = burned calories walking 3x = burned calories running (2x + 10 ) + x = 760 2(3x ) + 5x = 770 x = 70 Pete earns $250 Sam earns $510 2.rtf . Answer: 210 Calories 3. ⎢ 2 1 ⎢ ⎣4 1⎤ − ⎥ 2 1 ⎥ ⎥ 4 ⎦ 5.2. ⎢ ⎡− 5 − 8⎤ ⎥ ⎣ 5 14 ⎦ 2⎤ ⎡ 3 ⎢− 5 k + 5 ⎥ ⎢ 8 2⎥ 2. Story Problems 1. 1. 4 0⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ 1 − 2 − 5⎥ ⎣ ⎦ ⎡1 ⎢ 6.X. 5 XI.

rtf .2 ) y= 3 3 x− 4 4 Asymptotes: 3 5 y=− x+ 4 4 d) (x − 2)2 + y = 4 Vertex: (2. ⎛ 15 ⎞ ⎟ ⎝ 4⎠ 17 4 Directrix: y = 2. a) Circle (x − 2 )2 + y 2 = 16 b) Ellipse (x + 1)2 + (y − 2)2 16 9 =1 c) Hyperbola (x + 1)2 − (y − 2)2 16 9 y = −(x − 2 ) + 4 2 =1 d) Parabola 05/29/01 20:22 colalg. (4.2 ) c) ( x + 1)2 − ( y − 2)2 16 9 Center: =1 (− 1.b) ( x + 1)2 + ( y − 2)2 16 9 Center: Foci: − 1 ± =1 ( (− 1.4 ) Foci: ⎜ 2.2 ) 7 .2 ) Foci: (− 6.2 ).

XIII. f (− 3) + g (2 ) = 3 + 12 = 15 f (5) − g (4 ) = 19 − 0 = 19 f (− 1) ⋅ g (− 2 ) = 7 ⋅ 12 = 84 4. 2. 4. 2. 2 f −1 (2 ) = 2−9 7 =− 2 2 6. see Chapter 8 in the College Algebra text. 17 a n = 3n − 1 5.rtf . 7. 1. Functions For an explanation of function notation. 1. 1. Sequence and Series For an explanation of Sequences and Series. 15 3. ⎛1⎞ an = 4 ⋅ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝2⎠ 6 n −1 = (2 ) ( 3− n ) 6. see page 176 in the College Algebra text. 5. 10 0. 3. 05/29/01 3 21:22 colalg. ∑ (2k − 1) = −1 + 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 + 11 = 35 k =0 7. 3. 9. f (5) 19 19 = =− g (5) − 9 9 5. 4. ∑ ⎜ k ⎟x ⎜ ⎟ k =0 4 ⎛ 4⎞ ⎝ ⎠ k y 4−k = y 4 + 4xy 3 + 6x 2 y 2 + 4 x 3 y + x 4 XIV. 8. (g o f )(− 2 ) = g ( f (− 2 )) = g (5) = −9 f ( g ( x )) = f (16 − x 2 ) = −2(16 − x 2 ) + 9 = −2 x 2 + 41 f −1 (x ) = x −9 . 8. 3. 7.

2.XV. 56 120 720 Committee 35 Elected 210 XVI. & Combinations See chapter 8 for assistance with the counting rules. 1. x = 6 + 40 tan 72 ≈ 129. 1. Fundamental Counting Rule. Fundamentals of Trigonometry on reserve in the Aims Community College’s library.1 Distance between the boats = 65 tan 42 − 65 tan 35 o 50' ≈ 11. 4. f (x ) = sin x 2.rtf . Trigonometry For assistance. Permutations. 3. 4. see the text.59meters 05/29/01 22:22 colalg. g (x ) = cos(2 x ) 3.

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