Contents Software and its Engineering

Ali H. Dogru • Introduction • Software Project Management
– Estimation

• Development Approaches
– Traditional – OO – CO
Ali Doğru METU 2

Reference Books
Software Engineering: A practitioners approach, Roger S. Pressman - McGraw Hill The Unified Modeling Language User Guide, Grady Booch, James Rumbaugh, Ivar Jacobson, Addison-Wesley, 1999 Instant UML: Pierre Alain Muller -Wrox Press Canada 1977 Component Software: Beyond Object Oriented Programming, Clemens Szyperski, AddisonWesley, 1998
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Software Characteristics
• • • • Software is developed, not manufactured Software does not wear out Software problems are wicked Mostly custom built, should benefit from being assembled from existing components

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Failure Curves
failure rate failure rate hardware
Wear out

Software Types
software

• System software • Real-time software
– Hard real-time

Infant mortality

idealized

time

time

• • • • •
5

Business software Engineering and scientific software Embedded software Fault tolerant Safety critical
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Software Engineering introduction

1

Myths • Management myths – Standards and procedures are there. PIN transaction serve user update DB Ali Doğru METU “physical” analysis and design tool accounts database 14 Ali Doğru METU 11 12 Software Engineering introduction 2 . that is everything our people needs – development tools = newest computers – behind schedule? Hire more people What is Software? program Set of programs System of programs + documents Logical glue Integration Abstract design Ali Doğru METU 8 • Customer Myths – Begin with a general statement. quality cannot be assessed – the only deliverable is a working program Set of programs + documents Ali Doğru METU 7 Software Crisis Success ? demand offer time Failure Big repair Some repair Success a b c d Ali Doğru METU 9 ’70-’90s Ali Doğru METU 10 Engineering Problem Wicked problems Elevating abstraction Automation Software !!! System Engineering System Flow Diagram enter acct accounts database PINs database customer receipt ver. details will be filled in later – Change can be accommodated easily because software is flexible …. + know-how + personnel time • Practitioners Myths – program works -> job is done – before the program runs. acct enter PIN ver.

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