INDEX

1.Intoduction
1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering

2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.

3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1

3.7 3.8 3.9

Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench

4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents

5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2

5.7 5.8

Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design

6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design

7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3

7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29

Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing

8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4

1. INTRODUCTION
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.

1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.

Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.

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Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:

1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.

1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:

Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6

and flexibility. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. For that we need level three: SM systems. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. and are less expensive. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. 1. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. and costs are generally lower. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. cost.Generally. Moreover. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. not just that of exterior.

centre of gravity. In this way. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. DESIGN. rather than a part of engineering. 1. to be sure. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. outside.systems to handle architectural problems. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts.4 LAYOUTS. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. weight. or on the surface of the object in question. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. 1. 1. By its nature. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. 8 . or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. so mass properties (volume. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. surface area.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid.

you can set constraints between geometrical elements. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer.1. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. it remains a challenge. To do this from the 3D.e.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. or select a planar surface. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. if you need for more complex sketches 2. Without solids. Once created. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). 2. automation of process planning is also impossible. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. 9 . This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. and then select Edit. but one that can be surmounted. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. With solid.

Construction elements 10 . In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. Snap to Point If activated. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. 2. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology.2. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. on some occasions. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. in which you specify the reference plane. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). . you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry.e. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . i. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes.

These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. As a result. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. uses edges. These elements are used as positioning references. Geometrical Constraints: When selected.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. graphically speaking. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. 2. These elements cannot be modified.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. and only visualized by. 11 . Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. the sketch.

using coordinates.6 Creating Constraints 2. . You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. at the midpoint of a line. on a point. any of the above cases possibly combined together. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. at the intersection point of two curves. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. all over a curve.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. at the extremity point of a curve. According to the various active options. two or three elements. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed.6. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. whenever possible. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. Using SmartPick.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. The constraints are in priority dimensional. SmartPick will return information via symbols. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. the 2.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one.

they are checked in the dialog box. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected.6. Select the profile to be constrained. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. 2. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. coincidence and tangency. Parallelism or Perpendicular).4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. This constraint can be created between either two elements. Horizontal. 13 . Angle. Multi-selection for Constraints is available.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. If constraints already exist. the application displays it in green. Select a second element. Select a first element. Once the profile is fully constrained. 2. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. Click OK to constrain the sketch. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. You can either select the geometry or the command first. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. Coincidence. double-click the constraint you wish to edit.6. For editing. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. 2. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options).6. by default. Fix.

default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. 14 . Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Click to create the oriented rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs.2. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values.

Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). two centers & two radii. You are going to define the (i) circle center. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. Click to create the parallelogram. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 .d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar).

Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). By default. Click three elements. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. circle centers appear on the sketch. m) Creating an Arc 16 . Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually.

s) Creating a Conic 17 . Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. end.It shows how to create an arc. Clicking another command ends the spline too. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. There are three possibilities.start. end. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). a) The arc center point. Double-click to end the spline. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. center and apex. middle. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). b) Through three points . r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. middle. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. start point and end point. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. To create a hyperbola click the focus. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. c) Through three points –start. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. To create a Parabola click the focus.

Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. if needed. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. in accordance with both points previously clicked. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. one after the other. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. To edit. Click two points on the two existing lines. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. a parabola or a hyperbola. Click the line first point (first point). x) Creating an Axis 18 . To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). As a result. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. a circle. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified.

Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. In this task. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Select a second line (or an axis).This task shows how to create an axis. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. 2. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Select a first line (or an axis). of course you can create this point manually. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one.

Length1/Angle. . The second line is also highlighted. Create two intersecting lines. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. Trim All / First / No element. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. Select the two lines. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. the first or none of the elements. Select the first line. You can create rounded corners between curves. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Length1/Length2. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Select the two curves. Select the two lines. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor.

The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. For example. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. a three point arc. Create a three points arc. and Break. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. The line is now composed of two movable segments. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The complementary arc appears for selected arc. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. Rubber out. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. 21 from the Sketch tools .This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select the line to be broken. Select one or more elements to be relimited. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. The arc will now be closed. a construction line or an axis. These options are Rubber In. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar.

Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). if needed. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 .9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Select the geometry to be rotated. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. The duplicate mode is activated by default. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. In the Translation Definition dialog box. Select the element(s) to be translated. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Here. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. enter a precise value for the translation length. Select or click a point to define an angle. In other words. multi-select the entire profile. Multi-selection is not available. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Enter the number of copies you need. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Select or click the rotation center point. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar).

You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. The intersection is yellow. The line to be created appears. Select the surface. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. the line to be created appears immediately. There are two possibilities. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. The selected line is duplicated. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. Select the face of interest. Both lines are parallel. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). by creating several offset instances. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). These 23 . The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. arc or circle. These projections are yellow. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). If the line is not already selected.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. select it.

2. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. Expand the Mechanical Design option.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. The Sketcher tab appears. It indicates the overall 24 . You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. and then click Sketcher.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. 2. The Options dialog box appears. Graduations. in the Tools toolbar. You can now sketch the required profile. 2. In other words. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. Primary spacing. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display.

from simple to advance. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. 3.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. 25 . Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). To open it. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. This application. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. b) the geometry area.3. c) specific toolbars. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. which is fully integrated into Part Design. The New dialog box is displayed. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. offers a highly productive. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. Actually.

Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. 26 .2. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. ellipse. 3.3. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. 3. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. The Line Definition dialog box appears.2. Between: Creating point between two other points. Use the combo to choose the desired point type.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Y. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. . Use the combo to choose the desired line type.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points.

Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. Rib. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Shaft. Loft. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. 27 . Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. and Remove Loft. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. In this section. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. which you can move using the graphic manipulator.2. Some operations consist in adding material. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. Pocket.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Once you have defined the plane. others in removing material. Groove. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Click the Plane icon . 3. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane.Regardless of the line type. Slot. it is represented by a red square symbol.

Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. if you extrude a profile.3. 28 . For each of them. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next .1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions.Up to Last. You will notice that by default.3.3. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. Up to Plane. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. the application specifies the length of your pad. Just click the More button and define the second limit. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. 3. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. Up to Surface. If you wish to define another length for this direction. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. By default.

Optionally click Preview to see the result. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. set the Type parameter to Dimension. Select the profile to be extruded. To define a specific depth. up to last.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. To specify another direction. Click the Pocket icon . The specification tree indicates this creation. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box.3. Alternatively. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. Double-click Pocket to edit it. Note 29 . select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. using different length values. Click OK to create the pocket. By default. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. 3. if you extrude a profile.3. up to surface.3.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. up to plane.

But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. Enter Thickness1 's value. Select the open profile. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. Alternatively. The profile is previewed in dotted line. Once you have done your modifications. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. You need an open or closed profile. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. The method described here is also valid for pockets.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. If needed. For the purposes of our scenario. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. and click Preview to see the result. 3. you do not have to select the axis. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". Material has been added to the other side of the profile. Click the Shaft icon . To add material equally to both sides of the profile. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. For each of them. pockets and stiffeners. and click Preview to see the result. select LIM1 or 30 .3. and an axis about which the feature will revolve.5 Thin Solids When creating pads.3. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. Enter Thickness2 's value. 3. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Consequently. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle.

Select the profile. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. you do not have to select the axis. The specification tree mentions it has been created. This task shows you how to create a groove. If needed. The shaft is created.3. Click OK to confirm the 31 . Click Preview to see the result. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Click the Groove icon . the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. Click OK to confirm. Consequently. For the purposes of our scenario. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. 3.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields.

To define a rib. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. but you can use standard values. Various shapes of standard holes can be created. you need a center curve. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created.3.3. 3. you can enter the values of your choice. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. 3. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. By default.operation.3. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. 3. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. To define a thread.

You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve.3. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. To define this direction. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. Click the Rib icon . Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve.2. It should be a closed profile. you can select a plane or an edge. Click OK. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. The application now previews the rib to be created. New options are then available. Select the profile you wish to sweep. The rib is created. To create Rib. it can be discontinuous in tangency.element or a pulling direction. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. 3.11 Slot 33 . The specification tree mentions this creation.

You can note that by default. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. 3. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. The resulting feature is a closed volume. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. By default. They are highlighted in the geometry area. Tangency then curvature. a planar profile.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine.3. Select the profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. Click the Loft icon . Pulling direction. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. 34 . Tangency. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Reference surface. To define a slot. The feature (identified as Loft. Click the Slot icon . Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. It is closed. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Vertices. you need a center curve. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. Click OK to create the volume. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. the application computes a spine. Select the three section curves. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. tangency discontinuity points are coupled.

Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Remove Loft icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. 3. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. Select required sections & guide curves if needed. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. Select the profile to be extruded.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. If you need to use an open profile. Click OK to create the lofted surface. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used.3. By default. the application computes a spine.3. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. .14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions.3. The feature (identified as Loft. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie.

Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. 3. you can then trim the fillets to be created.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. When filleting an edge. Click OK. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. 36 .4. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. Conversely. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. If you set the Tangency mode. depending on the radius value you specified. Tangency. Select the edges. The stiffener is created. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. CATIA displays the radius value. The specification tree indicates it has been created. Click the Edge Fillet icon . the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. Check the Neutral Fiber option.

Instead of entering a radius value. the application chamfers its edges.5 Basic Draft 37 . you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet.4. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. Select the face to be removed. 3. Select the faces to be filleted. The specification tree indicates this creation.4.3. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. The fillet will be tangent to this face. Click OK. Depending on the curve's shape. 3. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Select the faces to be filleted.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created.4. The faces are filleted. This creation is indicated in the specification tree.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. Click OK. Click OK.4. 3.

3. If Keep Parting =Neutral. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. Click OK. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. This element will remain the same during the draft.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds.4.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. Parting element: this plane.

3. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. displays the variable angle draft option as activated.4.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . indicating the default pulling direction. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. Click OK. The selected face becomes purple. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon .4. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. 3. 3. click the Points field. You can add as many points as you wish.4. Click the Shell icon . select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Enter the Default inside thickness field. Select the face to be removed. The reflect line is moved accordingly. To edit the other angle value. To add a point on the edge. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. Enter an angle value in the Angle field.9 Thickness 39 . Select the face. The Shell Definition dialog box appears.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. The feature is shelled. This line is used to support the drafted faces. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. Select face as the neutral element. Select the face to be drafted. Click OK to confirm.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated.

Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. Click OK to confirm. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Thread/Tap icon . Click Preview. Click the Translate icon .10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Select the faces to thicken. Click the Thickness icon . Click OK to create the translated element.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Y. Check the Left-Threaded option. Click OK. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values.5. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. Enter the thread depth. The part is thickened accordingly.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The element (identified as Translate. pitch value. Limit faces must be planar.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can also specify the direction by means of X. This task shows you how to translate a body.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. 3. The application previews the thread. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. 3.4. but the thread (identified as Thread. Enter a positive value. This creation appears in the specification tree. 40 .5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Select the upper face as the limit face.

The pads are mirrored. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. The element (identified as Rotate. The application previews the material to be created.5.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the rotated element.5. Click the Symmetry icon . The command applies to current bodies. 3. line or plane as reference element. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. Click the Mirror icon . The specification tree mentions this creation.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.3. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. Select a point. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. Select an edge as the rotation axis.5. The new element (identified as Symmetry. Enter a value for the rotation angle.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . Click OK to confirm the operation. 3.xxx) is added to the specification tree.5. 3.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. The element is rotated. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click the Rotate icon .

Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. These features accelerate the creation process. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Instances & angular spacing.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Patterns let you do so. If needed. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied.This is the resulting pattern. Spacing & Length. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Select the feature you wish to copy.5. circular and user patterns. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Now. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. The feature "RectPattern. complete crown. Angular spacing & total angle. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Click OK. Instances & Spacing. 42 . An arrow is displayed on the pad.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Let the Instances & Spacing option. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Defining the spacing along the grid. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory.

Click the User Pattern icon .1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. 3.6 Measuring 3. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Click the Scaling icon .8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. The feature appears in the Object field. Now. To do so. Click OK. The specification tree indicates this creation.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice.5. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. Select the reference point located on the body. you are going to add a crown to your part. you can select an edge or a planar face. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. click the Crown Definition tab. 3. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. Select the body to be scaled. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. One more ring of pads will be added. The body is scaled. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. To define a direction. This axis will be normal to the face. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. These points are created in the Sketch. Click OK. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Click Preview.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify.6. Click OK. The pad will be repeated seven times. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain.5. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. 3.

3 Measuring Inertia 44 . vertices and entire products) or between points. edge or vertex. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. or an entire product (selection 1). etc. By default. surfaces and entire products). If exact values cannot be measured.6. This command lets you choose the selection mode. Click the Measure Item icon. The Measure Between dialog box appears.6. edges. 3. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. 3. icon in the Definition box. surfaces. Switch to Design Mode. Click the Measure Between icon. Click to select another surface.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. edges. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties.). This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. or an entire product (selection 2). Click to select a surface. edge or vertex. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. The Measure Item dialog box appears. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). edges. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features.

7 Surface-Based Features 3.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. The area. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. volume (volumes only). Click the Measure Inertia icon. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated.7. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. Select the splitting surface. The measure is made on the selection. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. 3. Material has been removed. 45 . the dialog box also gives the area. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. indicating the splitting element. Click the Split icon . you can click it to reverse the direction. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click OK. geometry or assembly. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. you must select the desired sub-product. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. In addition to the center of gravity G. face or surface.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. density. density and mass of the selected item. The body is split. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item.

Select the object you wish to thicken. The surface is closed . just click it.7. that is the extrude element. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK. In the geometry area.7. Click the Thick Surface icon . 46 . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Select the surface to be closed. INITIAL 3. Click the Close Surface icon . The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.INITIAL 3.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. If you need to reverse the arrow. Click OK. The surface is thickened.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction.

The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. indicating the object to be sewn. Click the Sew Surface icon . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Some material has been removed. Click OK. INITIAL FINAL 47 . The surface is sewn onto the body. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept.INITIAL FINAL 3.7. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.

refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. if you wish to combine them. Removing Bodies. Assembling Bodies. INITIAL 48 . Click OK to confirm.8. It is underlined. 3. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. Now. Click the Insert Body icon. This is your new Part Body.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. 3. By default. The result is immediate.3.x are autonomous. material has been added.x" in the specification tree. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. It allows you to create complex geometry. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body.8. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. indicating that it is the active body. Trimming Bodies. When your part includes several bodies. To assemble them. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. During the operation. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon .1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. Intersecting Bodies. You will notice that Part Body and Body. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches.

By default.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body.FINAL 3. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body. Click the Add icon . the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . Adding a body to another one means uniting them.8.

Part Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 . You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.1 has been removed. Click OK.

3.8.4 Removing Bodies

This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon

.

The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The

Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the

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application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.

Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The

application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
aa

Body.2

Part Body

3.8.7 Remove Lump

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The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box

appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.

3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings

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If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. Delete Operation . copied elements for example... from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. When creating a geometric element. 4. you often need to select other elements as inputs. Update. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. When selecting a sketch as 54 .Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. The General tab appears. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. and Delete Operation. Click the Infrastructure category. The tab appears.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.This task shows you how to set general settings. External References.9.. containing two categories of options: Specification tree.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. Geometry. 3.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. containing three categories of options: External References. command Click the Infrastructure category.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. you just need to use the Isolate command. Update.. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. then Display tab. they will not be deleted. Select the Tools -> Options command. The Options dialog box is displayed. which means that if they are shared by other features. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Select the Tools -> Options. and their origins when you are editing these elements.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree.

Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Select a curve or a Point on curve.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. some restrictions apply.3 Creating Polylines 55 . depending on the feature you are creating. in only one operation. Click OK to create the planes. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). the last and first instances are the curve end points. Click the Planes Repetition icon . If you check the with end points option. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. 4. 4. The Planes Between dialog box appears. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears.the input element. 4. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes.

4. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Click the Circle icon . It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Center and point. Click the Polyline icon . These linear segments may be connected by blending radii.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Bitangent and point .This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Enter all input as specified. 56 . The circle (identified as Circle. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. Two points and radius.Tritangent. Enter a Radius value. Three points. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Bitangent and radius .

57 .5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. and select a support. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass.4. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. Remove the selected point. Add a point before the selected point. Click the Spline icon . Replace the selected point by another point. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. You can select the Geometry on support check box.

Click the Corner icon . Select the Support surface. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. Orientation. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Profile. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Click OK to create the helix. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. Taper Angle. Starting Angle. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Click the Helix icon . 4. Select a starting point and an axis. such as coils and springs for example.4. Click OK to create the corner. The corner will be created between these two references.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select two curves as reference element. Enter a Radius value.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. The reference elements must lie on this support. 58 . Height. The helical curve (identified as Helix. Several solutions may be possible. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface.

Click the Spiral icon . Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Click OK to create the connect curve. that is the distance from the Center point. that is a in 2D plane. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. when the spiral is defined by an angle. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click the Connect Curve icon . 4. Tangency or Curvature.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. Specify the Start radius value. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals.4. along the Reference direction.Define the spiral's Orientation. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears.

that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. The projection may be normal or along a direction. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. You can select several elements to be projected.4. 4. passing points or tangents. Select the element to be projected. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Click the Projection icon . 60 . Click OK to create the projection element. Select the Support element. Click the Conic icon . The Projection Definition dialog box appears. hyperbolas or ellipses. The projection is added to the specification tree. The Conic Definition dialog box opens.

lines. Avoid using input elements. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve.) 4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 61 . A Contour. etc. Select the two elements to be intersected.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. Click OK to create the intersection element. This element (identified as Intersect. Click the Intersection icon . Point. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. A Face. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone.Fill in the conic curve parameters. The intersection is displayed.

4. 62 . For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. lofting and sweeping.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Click OK to create the surface. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction.13. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. Geometry with no history is called a datum. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Click the Extrude icon .1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction.4.

You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. and angular limits.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere.13.4. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis.13. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. Click the Revolve icon . There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. 4. Click OK to create the surface. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . The spherical surface is based on a center point.

Select the surface to be offset. 4.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. Click OK to create the surfaces. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). along 64 . Click the Offset icon . Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. Click Apply to preview the surface. Click Apply to previews the offset surface.dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the surface. one on each side of the reference surface. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. Select the center point of the sphere. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface.13.13. 4.

This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. select a Second Guide. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. Click OK to create the swept surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. Click the Sweep icon . The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves.xxx) is added to the specification tree. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Circle icon. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. If needed. 65 . The five possible cases are Two limits. Click the Sweep icon . Click the Sweep icon . The surface (identified as Sweep. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. Click OK to create the swept surface. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. you can select a reference Surface. Limit and middle. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. With reference surface. In the Smooth sweeping section. then use the combo to choose the subtype. With reference curve. Select a Guide curve. select a Spine. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. With tangency surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. If needed.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. Click the Explicit profile icon. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. With draft direction. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. If no spine is selected. Click the Line profile icon. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears.

Click the Sweep icon .13.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The surface (identified as Sweep. The surface (identified as Sweep. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. If not. Click the Fill icon . d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Replace the selected element by another curve. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Select one or two section curves. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. Select guide curves.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Five guides.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. such as parabolas. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. the results may be inconsistent. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. hyperbolas or ellipses. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Four guides. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. Two guides. If 66 . The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Three guides. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the fill surface. 4. Click OK to create the swept surface. and enter a radius value. Select a passing point. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Remove the selected element.13. Click the Loft icon . This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. Click the Conic icon.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the swept surface. Add a new element after or before the selected one. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. 4.

The Split Definition dialog box appears. 4. on both. Tangency. Set the tension type using the Tension tab.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. Start extremity. Successively select the first curve and its support. Click OK to create the lofted surface. Select the element to be split. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. continuity. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. translating and rotating.14. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. 4. In that case. Select the cutting element. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. Click OK. such as tension. Vertices. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. A preview of the split appears. Click the Blend icon . 4. Several coupling types are available.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. Click the Split icon . Tangency then curvature. then the second curve and its support. and so forth. 67 . only on the End section.xxx) is added to the specification tree. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits.needed. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. You can select several cutting elements. taking a number of constraints into account. or on none. None. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. End extremity. The surface (identified as Blend. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. select one or more guide curves. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. In the Spine tab page.13. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element.

The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons.14. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. The Trim Definition dialog box appears.xxx element in the specification tree. Click OK to split the element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. 68 . You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. A preview of the trimmed element appears. 4. Click the Trim icon . Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. In that case it appears as a separate Split.

Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. without deleting the initial element. a point on the curve for example. Click the Boundary icon . The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. 4.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. The selected element is highlighted.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves.14.14. points.4. Click the Extract icon . and so forth. solids. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements.xxx) is added to the specification tree. or Tangent continuity.). No propagation. 69 . Select an edge or the face of an element. The extracted element (identified as Extract. Select a Surface edge. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. Click OK to extract the element. Click OK to create the boundary curve. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type.

Select the element to be transformed by affinity. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.14. Click the Scaling icon . Click the Translate icon . Select the element to be transformed by scaling.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.14. Click the Rotate icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. or more. point. The element (identified as Translate . 4.4. Click OK to create the rotated element.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.14. Select the element to be translated. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. 4. 4. Select a line as the rotation axis.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation.14. line or surface element. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Select the Vector Definition. 4. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. Click OK to create the scaled element. Select a point.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Click the Symmetry icon . The Affinity Definition dialog box appears.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Select the scaling reference point. Select the element to be rotated. Click OK. line or plane as reference element. plane or planar surface.14. Click OK to create the translated element. Click the Affinity icon . Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Click OK to create the symmetrical element.

Select the surface to be Extrapolated. 71 .operation. Sub-Elements To Remove. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. 4. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. 4. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Angle Tolerance. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Y. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Z values. Merging distance.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Select a surface Boundary. Ignore erroneous elements. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Click the Extrapolate icon . Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. The Join Definition dialog box appears. federation.14. Click the Join icon.14. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. Click OK to create the affinity element. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Other options available are Simplify the result. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve.

72 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. From the Parameters tab.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. A progression bar is displayed. Select the surfaces to be healed. while the surface is restored. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. The surface (identified as Heal. You can also set the Distance objective. by clicking the Sharpness tab.14. Select the surface which limits should be restored. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. 4. Select the surface which limits should be restored.14. Click OK in the dialog box.4. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. you can retain sharp edges.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. Click the Healing icon. Provided the Tangent mode is active. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. and selecting one or more edges.

i.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. Select the curve to be smoothed. To update the part. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. and type of discontinuity (point. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. while the surface is being disassembled.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. A resulting element can be made of several cells. 73 . To update a part. To warn you that an update is needed. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled.e. Click OK in the dialog box. The selected element is disassembled. fill the gaps. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. 4. manual update. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4.14. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. A progression bar is displayed.14.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. Click the Curve Smooth icon .4. that is to say independent elements are created. A progression bar indicates the . that can be manipulated independently. Select the element to be disassembled. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. the application provides two update modes: automatic update.

Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. This involves.4.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. CATIA displays this new Open_body. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. indicating that it is the active open body. In the specification tree. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. The Change Body dialog box appears. The result is immediate. It is underlined. 4. inserting open body entities. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. removing open body entities and changing body. select the branch of your choice. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . 4. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . Select the new body where the open body is to be located. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed.x.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. in the specification tree. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree.

1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. 5. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. The open body or it’s content is hidden. or becomes visible. 5. Click the Extremum icon . Advance commands in GSD are as follows. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. according to given directions. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. or a pad.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features.command. Set the correct options: Max. edges or faces). The point (identified as Extremum. a surface.xxx) is added to the specification tree. when combined with other products such as Part Design. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. 5. Select a curve. Click OK. if it was visible. Min. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. if it was hidden.

on a planar contour. Max radius. a point in this case. the results can be: Min radius. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. is added to the specification tree. Depending on the selected computation type. The spine is displayed. Click Preview. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . This task shows how to create a spine. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. Click OK.xxx). The element (identified as Polar Extremum. or filleted surfaces. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. Click Preview. Select the supporting surface of the contour. 5. lofted. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Click OK to create the extremum point. You can also select a start point. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Min angle. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Click OK to create the spine.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Polar Extremum icon . The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. Successively select planes. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Max angle. 76 . Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information.

Select the reference Curve to be offset.5. Click OK to create the element.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. whether closed or open.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. Click the Parallel Curve icon . that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Click the Reflect Lines icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Successively select the two curves to be combined. 5. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. Key in an angle. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . The combine (identified as Combine. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. select the support surface and a direction. Click the Combine icon . The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears.

It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. When designing the profile to be swept. Select points on guide to add other sections. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. Select the Tools -> Options command. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. The Options dialog box is displayed. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. 5. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Select the Guiding curve. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. Assembly Design 78 . The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon .7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. The Reference surface is optional. 6. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity.5. The General tab displays.

1) is created in the .2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.3 Inserting a New Part icon. The Product2 (Product2. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. 6. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. you need products. specific toolbars to the right of the application window.2. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. You can use parts to create products. In the specification tree.2. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. To create an assembly.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. In the specification tree.2. The structure of your assembly now 79 . 6. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.2 Inserting a Components 6.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. 6.1). 6. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree.

6. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. Select the component you wish to instantiate.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. In the specification tree. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. check x-axis. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. on another component for example. However. The application previews the location of the new components.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. you should keep in mind the 80 . 6. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . Select the component you wish to instantiate.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. If geometry exists in the assembly. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. The operation is very simple. select Product1 and click the New Part icon .3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. The result is immediate. Click OK to create the components. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. To define the direction of creation. 6. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box.

The selected component is orange framed (default color). Double-clicking activates it. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. Select the second face to be constrained. Select the faces to be constrained.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Select the face to be constrained. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). indicating orientations.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. you may obtain concentricity. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. Depending on the selected elements. coaxiality or coplanarity. 6.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). Click the Contact Constraint icon .5.5. opposite. Same. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. The components involved and their status are indicated. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Green graphic symbols are 81 . 6. As the contact constraint is created. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon .

which means setting a relative position. 6. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . you will have to define an angle value. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). 6. that is the light blue . Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. Click the Offset Constraint icon .4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. The constraint is created.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). 6. Select the faces to be constrained. Click OK to create the angle component. By fixing its position according to other components. which means setting an absolute position. This operation is referred to as "Fix". There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly.5. In the dialog box that appears.5. The components involved and their status are indicated. 82 .5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Click OK to create the offset constraint. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. click More to expand the dialog box. This constraint is added to the specification tree. Click the Angle Constraint icon . When setting an angle constraint.5. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". Select the component to be fixed.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. Select the faces to be constrained. Keep the Angle option.

You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. Click OK. Select the constraint to be changed. not necessarily in the active component. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. but they must belong to the active component.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. Moving one of them moves the other one too. 83 . Click OK to validate the operation. displays all possible constraints. Select the new type of constraint. In the Name field.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. The Fix Together dialog box appears. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Move the fixed component. You can select as many components as you wish. 6. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. 6. Click OK to confirm. Select the two entities to be constrained. You can select any constraints. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. Angle and Parallelism. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. 6.5. Coincidence. Offset. The first constraint in the list can now be set. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . displaying the list of selected components. Click the Fix Together icon .5. Click the Change Constraint icon . The Change Type dialog box that appears. The components are attached to each other.5.

to update the indicating the name of the pattern. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Click the Update icon whole assembly. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. The default color is black. The constraint is deactivated. To do so. The constraints are in black. cut & paste the original component.5. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. The assembly is updated.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. Using no associativity: the option is off. 84 . 6. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. indicating they need an update. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. Select the Tools -> Options command. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. 6.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated.6. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. Select any activated constraint. create a new instance.

y or z-axis as well as in the xy. Depending on the selected elements. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components.1" is displayed below this entity. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations.8. 6. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. 85 . you will obtain different results.8 Moving Components 6. y or z-axis. 6. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.xx" is displayed in the tree. The third row is reserved for rotations.Click OK to repeat the second component.8. yz and xz planes. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. You can move your component along the x. You can rotate your component around the x.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. If you use the option "generated constraints".

The section plane is automatically created. 6. Z. invert the normal vector of the plane.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. it creates constraints. The line is projected onto the plane.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. 6. The point is projected onto the plane. Click the Sectioning icon. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. 86 . The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. Optionally. Both lines become collinear. also appears. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. The point is projected onto the line. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. showing the generated section.8. reference plane or cylinder axis). move and rotate the section plane. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The plane passes through the line. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. A Preview window. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. edge. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position.

show-no show. the graphical attributes of the components. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". which in turn must contain one part at least. Perform the required modifications.10. Pocket. Perform a Symmetry. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. To edit an assembly split. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. Click Ok to end the scene creation. keep in mind the following. click them to reverse the direction. For instance modify: viewpoint. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Add. The different assembly features you can create are: Split.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features.X' in assembly features available in history tree. Click OK to confirm.6. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . the "show" or "hide" state of the components. graphical attributes. Within a scene. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. The active product at least must include two components. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. double-click 'Assembly Split. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. Click the Create Scene icon . Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. 6.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Remove. Hole. 6.

Clearance + Contact + Clash. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Keep All levels set by default. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. 3D is the default type. 6. Set the explode type. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. keep the selection as it is. Click the Explode icon . The Explode dialog box is displayed. Selection against all. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Click Apply to perform the operation.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Click Apply to check for interferences. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Keep it. Between two selections. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis.they were in the initial product. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. 88 . Four computation types are available: Between all components.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. 6. if necessary. Inside one selection. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window.

6. Click the Mechanical Design category.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. displaying the following options: Update. containing three categories of options: External References. Quick Constraint. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. The General tab appears. Click the Infrastructure category. The General tab appears. Update and Delete Operation 6.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. then the Assembly Design subcategory. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Constraint Creation.. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.14. 6.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. Select Tools -> Options.. 89 . command. Move components. Click the Mechanical Design category.14.14. Access to geometry.

Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. as well as information on the drawing standards. You may also add.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. from the menu bar.. 7. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. Click OK.7. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created.. 7. Select the 90 . . Select the Drafting workbench. interactive or generated views. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views.

7. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. The new sheet automatically appears. If you click this view. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. or the A0 ISO format. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. From the New Drawing dialog box. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. Select the 1:1 scale.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. the view to be created is framed in green. The non-active views are framed in blue. and click OK. 7. Even though you then delete sheet1. When you create a view. 91 . Select the orientation type. and then click OK.Drawing workbench. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting).4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. select the ISO standard. The active view is framed in red. until you click at the desired view location.

Click the Drawing window. Any modification applied to the specifications. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). You can update all views or a selection of views. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Right-click the frame of the view. a previewed projection 92 . Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. 7. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. Click on sheet to place front view. Select object. respectively. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only).Start creating the front view. You can perform an update. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. As you move the cursor. is detected.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. Blue arrows appear. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). 7. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. relatively to the front view previously generated.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane.

The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. Click to position the auxiliary view. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. This auxiliary view. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). If you are not satisfied with the profile you create.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. In sectioning through irregular objects. you can. use Undo or Redo icons. 7. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. 93 . and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Click the Drawing window. at any time. 7. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. Click an edge on the view. completely describes the object. together with the top view. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. for example the right view position.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click to position the callout.

An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. and click the Aligned Section Cut .9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. In order to include in a section certain angled elements.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Click to generate the view. Click the Drawing window. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile.7. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. the dialog is exactly the same. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. Click to generate the detail view. In this particular case. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). You can also use a roughly sketched profile. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). Click the callout center. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. You can modify this scale. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. 7. Click the Drawing window. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. you will select the Clipping 94 . and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). 7. Click the Drawing window. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Or.

13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. the left. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Click the 3D part. 7. 7. Double-click to end 95 . and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). A breakout view is often a partial section. Click the Drawing window. translate the profile. Red zones appear. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears.Profile View icon . or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. Click on the sheet. the top. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. Click the Drawing window. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. as well as blue manipulators appear. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. If needed. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. the right. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Click the first point of the breakout profile. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. 7. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar).

Left view and Right view).15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). or all views in the drawing. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. Select the CATPart document.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. Once you are satisfied. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear.18 Scaling a View 96 .17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. 7. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. 7. select Selected objects -> isolate. At creation. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. and right-click them. Click the Drawing window. Bottom view. From the contextual menu. Click to position the left view. views are by default linked to the parent view. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. Click next add any other view if required. 7. 7. the Top view. Select the views you want to isolate (for example.

The detail view is updated. Before positioning the Bill of Material. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. For modifying the detail and section callout. Click OK. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. 7. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. go to Product Structure workbench. If needed. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . you can pre-define the position. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. In this particular case.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. 97 . This view is now active. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. right-click the detail view. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. or parts list. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. In this case. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. double-click the front view. 7. section views and section cuts.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. This Bill of Material. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. if you are in the background view. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. Balloons generated 7.

diameter Angle. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. 7. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. Double-click the callout to be modified. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. 7. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. On the view for which the dimension are generated. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. distance.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. distance The dimensions below: 98 . Then click OK in this Pattern table. On views including more dimensions. Right-click the pattern to be modified. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. the section view is automatically updated. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. 2. For example. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. 4. On the view with a bigger scale.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. only sketched constraints are generated. radius. 3.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern.

In the case of drawings with several views. angle.23. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. to start the dimension generation. 7. Dimensions 99 . Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. dimensions are generated on all the views.23. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. length.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. by default. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. radius and diameter. there is only one) is automatically displayed. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. Click OK to close the dialog box. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).

Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. if needed. If you select an element. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Enter the desired character string. Click OK. not generated. dimension. 100 . You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. If you select a point in the free space. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. The geometrical tolerance is created. Click OK when you're done. the anchor point will be a small balloon. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. the anchor point will be an arrow. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point).24 Creating a Datum Feature . on the contrary. 7. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or.Click the Not Generated option . Select an element (geometry. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. If you select a dimension or a text. no leader will be created. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. The datum feature is created.

Click in the free space to define a location for the text.26. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. such as font style.7.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. dimension text. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location.26.26 Annotations 7. 101 . text with leader. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Set the properties of a text. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. etc. balloon and datum target. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. justification. 7. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. A red frame appears. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). If needed. size. Choose View -> Toolbars. Text properties can be applied to text. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. and select Text Properties.

3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon.26. Click OK. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Ra=1. Open any CATProduct document. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. For example. Click OK.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). If needed. Click to define the balloon anchor point.26. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. 102 . 7.26. On this CATProduct document. Go over one of the part with your cursor. Enter values in the desired field(s). Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. 7. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product.6.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. Select an element. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar.7. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. You can enter another string or value as needed.

7. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. import a table. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). You can also split a table. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. you can add text. insert columns.26. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. In this table. invert lines. 7. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. merges cells. The welding leader will appear.27 Editing Properties 103 . modify the geometry-welding symbol. and insert a view in a table.26. The line height corresponds to the height of a string.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. Click ok to validate the creation. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click OK. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. 7. Click the icon to launch the command. and insert views. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. Click OK.26. and then click to validate.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. invert columns. If needed. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. The welding symbol is created. Select the two elements. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld.7. rows. If needed. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. switch lines and columns.

a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. Choose the View tab. Scale: the scale of the view. 3D Wireframe. edit annotation font properties. Among other things. if needed. Lock view: if you check this option. Thread. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. dress-up elements. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Lines and Curves option. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Axis. 3D spec. Fillets. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). Dress up: Hidden lines. Click the Graphic Tab. 3D Colors. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. 3D Points. Center line. if needed. no more modification allowed in the view. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Choose your options. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. you can create a formula for the view name. Click OK.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and.

or leader).then select the Edit-> Properties command. frame. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. Modify the available options. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. The Options dialog box appears. edit dimension text properties. click the Font tab. The associated panel is displayed. Select the Tools->Options command. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Grid: To define your grid. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. Modify the available options.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. if needed. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. 105 . The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. edit dimension value properties. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. In other words. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. 7. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. if needed. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. In the Properties dialog box that appears.

The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. following it dynamically during the creation process. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. In addition. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. To activate this mode. View axis: When you activate a view. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . you can choose to visualize the view axis. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. Select the Dimension tab in Options. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. when you update the drawing. the dimension is automatically re-computed. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. As a result. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option.

The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Analysis after generation. if a component is used two times within a product. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . If all of the detection options are unchecked. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Project 3D points. 107 . Properties option. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. end points included. Generate threads. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Select the Geometry tab. either or not using SmartPick. Alignment. then the balloon will be generated twice. Project 3D wireframe. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Generate fillet. Automatic positioning after generation. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Horizontality and verticality. perpendicularity and tangency. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Generate centerlines. Select the Generation tab. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. Filters before generation. Parallelism. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Hidden lines. View tab): Generate axis.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Apply 3D specification. Allow automatic transfer between views. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. 3D colors inheritance.

This element is used as positioning reference. For this before callout creation check this option. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. and only visualized by. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. As a result. scaling factor or frame to appear.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. It is not used for creating solid primitives. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. f)Annotations 108 . This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. the sketch. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. the following dialog box appears. Select the Layout tab. Constraint diagnostics. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. you can define that you want or not the view name. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified.

no matter what the view scale is. or both. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Select the Edit->Links command. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved.You can customize given options when creating annotations.. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. press the shift key. Press OK. Select the Annotation tab. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. command. Press OK. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Make sure the specification tree actually appears. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. as you will choose to load the referenced document. It is now possible to customize the settings. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked.. In this particular case. 109 . 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. according to the orientation. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. 7. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. Activate the settings. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area.

click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. View. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. if needed.2 Creating Views 110 . Create Detected Constraints. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. 8. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. True Length Dimension 8. Force Dimension on Element. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension.8. Snap to Point. To modify these colors. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. Then check Activate analysis display mode and.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Create Constraints. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet.

annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. In other words. 8. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. Press OK. modified in this dialog box. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. you can create: a top view. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. dimensions.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Right-click the view used as reference. Click the Drawing window. A blue axis displays in a red frame. For example. a bottom view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . You can now create 2D geometry in this view. Click the New View icon . The Plane Definition dialog box appears. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. For this. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). This is true for any kind of view. Press OK. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. a left view and a right view. by double-clicking on this view. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. In other words. From an active front view. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. In this case. 8. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. double-click on this isometric view. Any created view lies on a 3D plane.

select an arc of a circle in the front view. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. and then transformed into the receiving view. Add elements to an existing view. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. if needed. Select. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. Select more elements to be projected. select a circle in the top view. At any time. circle. in another view. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. the object to be projected. parabola. using the Action-Object mode. 112 . In this case. using the Action-Object mode. In this case. 8. curve). you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. hyperbola.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. ellipse. You will first add elements to an existing view. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. using the ObjectAction mode.

Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. In this case. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Select the object defining the view to be created. using the Object-Action mode.Create an isometric view from scratch. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. 113 . All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. select the whole front view.

a configuration. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . select the Visual Clipping check box. In the Visualization and Behavior area. etc. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. If you want constraints to be created. a mode: measured or constraining mode.6 Reframing a View In this task. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. isometric views. In the contextual menu.8.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. details views. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. as you want. a distance constraint. Click OK. clipping views. 8. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. The frame can only be rectangular. Click on the frame to select it. choose Properties. Click the View tab. Select the view and right-click the view frame. You can reframe any type of view: front views.

A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. If you choose this constraint. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. The most logical constraint is automatically offered.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . 8. these relations will be taken into account.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. The software proposes you parallelism by default. In other words. but not between a mix of these. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. In other words. On the Dimensioning toolbar. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. click in the drawing.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. click the Dimensions icon. Click a first element in the view. you can preview the dimensions to be created. When creating dimensions on elements. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. you can only create constraints between similar elements. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. click a second element in the view. you will learn how to create dimensions. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. 8. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. If needed. or between generated elements. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). 8.10 Creating Dimensions In this task.

Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. If you right-click the dimension before creation. Select the reference line. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. i. 116 .12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. Select a circle.e. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. Red end points appear. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). The centerline created is associative with the reference line. you can also access the Properties options. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. Select the dimension. click the centerline. 8. 8. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Click to validate the dimension creation.toolbar). a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. and then the second element. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting.

The Tap type option activated by default. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. In the Pattern dialog box. part-sketched. Click the Drawing window. Click the Drawing window. The axis line is created. . In this particular case. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. The thread is created. from the (Tools toolbar). part-generated elements. The axes and centerlines are created. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. The thread is created according to this reference. Select two lines. dotting or coloring). Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. generated elements. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. Click the Drawing window. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. Click the Drawing window. Select the Reference Thread type option line. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. you will apply a thread to a hole. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines.

A contextual menu appears. To modify the position of the arrow. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. The Area Detection dialog box appears. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. which represents the fillet edge. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. 118 . Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). The arrow is created. under the line. Select Add a Breakpoint. The arrow and the selected object are associative. you can drag it to change the arrow path. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. For the purpose of this exercise. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. Click the Drawing window.

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