INDEX

1.Intoduction
1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering

2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.

3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1

3.7 3.8 3.9

Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench

4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents

5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2

5.7 5.8

Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design

6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design

7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3

7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29

Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing

8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4

1. INTRODUCTION
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.

1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.

Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.

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Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:

1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.

1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:

Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6

because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. and are less expensive. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. For that we need level three: SM systems. Moreover. cost. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. and flexibility. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. and costs are generally lower. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date.Generally. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. not just that of exterior. 1. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process.

1. 1. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. In this way. or on the surface of the object in question. 8 . so mass properties (volume. DESIGN. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer.systems to handle architectural problems. By its nature. centre of gravity.4 LAYOUTS. to be sure. outside. weight. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. rather than a part of engineering. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. 1. surface area.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function.

Once created. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. To do this from the 3D. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. it remains a challenge.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. but one that can be surmounted.1. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. With solid. 2. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. if you need for more complex sketches 2. which are not associative with the 3D geometry).e. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. 9 . and the origin and orientation of the axis system. Without solids. or select a planar surface. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. automation of process planning is also impossible. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. and then select Edit. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer.

this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. . Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. i. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. on some occasions. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. Snap to Point If activated. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.e. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements.2. Construction elements 10 . When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. 2. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. in which you specify the reference plane. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch.

the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). the sketch. These elements cannot be modified. As a result. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. graphically speaking.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. and only visualized by. These elements are used as positioning references. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. 11 . 2. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab).4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. uses edges.

on a point. two or three elements. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. at the midpoint of a line. at the extremity point of a curve. at the intersection point of two curves. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. .Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). whenever possible. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. Using SmartPick. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. using coordinates. any of the above cases possibly combined together. SmartPick will return information via symbols. The constraints are in priority dimensional.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. all over a curve. the 2. at the center of a circle or an ellipse.6 Creating Constraints 2.6. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. According to the various active options. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one.

Angle. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. 2.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Horizontal.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. by default. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. Click OK to constrain the sketch. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). 13 . coincidence and tangency. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Select a second element. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. This constraint can be created between either two elements. You can either select the geometry or the command first.6. Fix. the application displays it in green. For editing. they are checked in the dialog box. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. Select a first element. If constraints already exist.6.6. 2. Once the profile is fully constrained.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. Coincidence. These constraints are in priority: concentricity.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. 2. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Select the profile to be constrained. Parallelism or Perpendicular).

c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.2. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. Click to create the oriented rectangle. 14 . Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile.

Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. You are going to define the (i) circle center. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). Click to create the parallelogram. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. two centers & two radii. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).

i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). circle centers appear on the sketch. m) Creating an Arc 16 . The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. Click three elements. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. By default.

Double-click to end the spline. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. s) Creating a Conic 17 . The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). end. middle. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). center and apex. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. a) The arc center point. There are three possibilities. c) Through three points –start. b) Through three points . Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. start point and end point. Clicking another command ends the spline too.start. middle. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. end. To create a hyperbola click the focus.It shows how to create an arc. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. To create a Parabola click the focus. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar).

To edit. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. As a result. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). if needed. Click the line first point (first point). using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). a parabola or a hyperbola. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. a circle. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. in accordance with both points previously clicked. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. x) Creating an Axis 18 . Click two points on the two existing lines. one after the other.

Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. 2. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. of course you can create this point manually. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Select a first line (or an axis). The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Select a second line (or an axis). This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. In this task. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but.This task shows how to create an axis. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates.

Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. The second line is also highlighted. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. You can create rounded corners between curves. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Select the two lines. Create two intersecting lines. Length1/Angle. . Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the two curves. Select the first line. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Trim All / First / No element. the first or none of the elements. Length1/Length2. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Select the two lines. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner.

6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select the line to be broken. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. 21 from the Sketch tools . and Break. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. a three point arc. The line is now composed of two movable segments. Rubber out. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. These options are Rubber In. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. a construction line or an axis. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. Create a three points arc. Select one or more elements to be relimited. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. The arc will now be closed. For example.

Select or click a point to define an angle. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. multi-select the entire profile. Select the element(s) to be translated. enter a precise value for the translation length. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . In the Translation Definition dialog box. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select the geometry to be rotated. if needed. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Select or click the rotation center point. Enter the number of copies you need. Select the element(s) to be scaled. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Here. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. In other words. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The duplicate mode is activated by default. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Multi-selection is not available. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). De-activate the Duplicate mode. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile.

The intersection is yellow. by creating several offset instances. The selected line is duplicated. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar).This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. These 23 . The line to be created appears. Both lines are parallel. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select the face of interest. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. These projections are yellow. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. Select the surface. the line to be created appears immediately. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. arc or circle. If the line is not already selected. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. select it. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. There are two possibilities. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements.

and then click Sketcher.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. 2. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. You can now sketch the required profile.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. The Options dialog box appears. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. Expand the Mechanical Design option. 2.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. In other words. It indicates the overall 24 . Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. in the Tools toolbar. 2. Primary spacing. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. Graduations. The Sketcher tab appears.

This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. To open it. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. from simple to advance. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach.3. Actually. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. This application. 3. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. The New dialog box is displayed. c) specific toolbars. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. 25 . The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. offers a highly productive. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. which is fully integrated into Part Design. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. b) the geometry area. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need.

Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. . A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. ellipse. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve.2.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. Circle center: Creating point of a circle.3.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. 3. Between: Creating point between two other points. The Line Definition dialog box appears.2. Y. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. 3. 26 .

Click the Plane icon . Rib. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Once you have defined the plane. In this section. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. it is represented by a red square symbol.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Groove. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Some operations consist in adding material. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Shaft.2. Loft. others in removing material. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. 3. Pocket. 27 . Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type.Regardless of the line type.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Slot. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. and Remove Loft.

you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. the application specifies the length of your pad. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . You will notice that by default. If you wish to define another length for this direction.Up to Last.3. For each of them. By default. 28 . Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.3. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. if you extrude a profile. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. Up to Surface. Just click the More button and define the second limit. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. Up to Plane.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions.3. 3. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion.

3. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. set the Type parameter to Dimension. Optionally click Preview to see the result. The specification tree indicates this creation. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. using different length values. 3. up to plane. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. To define a specific depth.3. Double-click Pocket to edit it. Select the profile to be extruded. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Note 29 . up to surface. By default. To specify another direction.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. if you extrude a profile.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. Click OK to create the pocket. Alternatively. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. up to last. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. Click the Pocket icon .3.

For each of them. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material.3. Once you have done your modifications. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. If needed. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. 3. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. The method described here is also valid for pockets. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. Consequently. 3. For the purposes of our scenario.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. Select the open profile. The profile is previewed in dotted line. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. Enter Thickness2 's value. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. pockets and stiffeners. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. you do not have to select the axis. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result.3. Alternatively. and click Preview to see the result. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. Click the Shaft icon . and click Preview to see the result. You need an open or closed profile. Enter Thickness1 's value. select LIM1 or 30 . The resulting features are then called "thin solids".

If needed. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. Select the profile. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. This task shows you how to create a groove. Click OK to confirm the 31 . The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. Click OK to confirm. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Consequently. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). Click Preview to see the result. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. For the purposes of our scenario. The shaft is created.3. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. you do not have to select the axis. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. Click the Groove icon . The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. The specification tree mentions it has been created. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. 3.

CATIA removes material around the cylinder. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. To define a thread. 3. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. 3. you can enter the values of your choice.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body.3. 3. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . To define a rib. you need a center curve.3.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material.3. By default. Various shapes of standard holes can be created.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created.operation. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. but you can use standard values.

The rib is created. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. To define this direction. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. 3. New options are then available. Select the profile you wish to sweep.2. you can select a plane or an edge. it can be discontinuous in tangency. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. To create Rib.element or a pulling direction. The application now previews the rib to be created. It should be a closed profile. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Click the Rib icon . Click OK. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. The specification tree mentions this creation.11 Slot 33 .3.

This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. To define a slot. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. The resulting feature is a closed volume. Select the three section curves. Click OK to create the volume. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. Reference surface. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Tangency. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. 34 . By default. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. a planar profile. Pulling direction. Click the Slot icon . Select the profile. It is closed. They are highlighted in the geometry area. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. 3. You can note that by default. Vertices. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. tangency discontinuity points are coupled.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. Tangency then curvature. you need a center curve. Click the Loft icon . The feature (identified as Loft. the application computes a spine.3.

The Two creation modes are available: 35 .3. . By default. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. Click the Remove Loft icon . The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears.3. If you need to use an open profile. The feature (identified as Loft. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.3. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Select the profile to be extruded. 3. Select required sections & guide curves if needed.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. the application computes a spine. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Click OK to create the lofted surface.

36 . The specification tree indicates it has been created. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. The stiffener is created. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. Conversely.4. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. Optionally click Preview to see the result. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. Select the edges. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. If you set the Tangency mode. Check the Neutral Fiber option. 3. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. Click the Edge Fillet icon . The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. When filleting an edge. you can then trim the fillets to be created. depending on the radius value you specified. CATIA displays the radius value. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. Tangency. Click OK.

4. The faces are filleted. 3.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material.4. 3. 3. Instead of entering a radius value. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. Click OK. Select the faces to be filleted. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge.4.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. The specification tree indicates this creation. The fillet will be tangent to this face. Select the face to be removed.3. Depending on the curve's shape.4. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. Click OK. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Click OK. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. Select the faces to be filleted. the application chamfers its edges. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle.5 Basic Draft 37 . Click Preview to see the fillet to be created.

Material has been removed & the face is drafted. If Keep Parting =Neutral.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Parting element: this plane. Click OK. 3.4. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. This element will remain the same during the draft. you then can also check the option Draft both sides.

3. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. Enter the Default inside thickness field. Select face as the neutral element. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. The feature is shelled. indicating the default pulling direction. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. Click OK to confirm.4. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. Click the Shell icon . To edit the other angle value. Click OK.4. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. Select the face to be drafted. 3.4.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . click the Points field. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. The reflect line is moved accordingly. 3.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated.9 Thickness 39 . Enter an angle value in the Angle field. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . The selected face becomes purple. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. You can add as many points as you wish. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. Select the face. To add a point on the edge. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. This line is used to support the drafted faces. Select the face to be removed.

Click Preview. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. The part is thickened accordingly. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. This task shows you how to translate a body.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. Enter a positive value. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. Limit faces must be planar.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the upper face as the limit face. Click the Translate icon . Check the Left-Threaded option.4.You can add or remove thickness to parts. The element (identified as Translate.5. Click OK to confirm. 3. but the thread (identified as Thread. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. pitch value. Select the faces to thicken. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Y.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. Enter the thread depth. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. The application previews the thread. 3. Click the Thickness icon . 40 . This creation appears in the specification tree. Click the Thread/Tap icon . Click OK. Click OK to create the translated element. You can also specify the direction by means of X. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread.

Select an edge as the rotation axis. 3.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.3.5.5. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. The application previews the material to be created. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. 3. The element (identified as Rotate. The new element (identified as Symmetry. Enter a value for the rotation angle. Click the Rotate icon . Click OK to create the rotated element. Select a point. Click OK to confirm the operation. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The element is rotated. Click the Mirror icon . line or plane as reference element. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. The specification tree mentions this creation. The command applies to current bodies.xxx) is added to the specification tree.5. The pads are mirrored. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . 3.5.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. Click the Symmetry icon .

Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. Click the Circular Pattern icon . These features accelerate the creation process. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Let the Instances & Spacing option.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Instances & angular spacing. 42 . Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Select the feature you wish to copy. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Now. circular and user patterns. Click OK. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. complete crown. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Defining the spacing along the grid.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. The feature "RectPattern.5. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Angular spacing & total angle. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Instances & Spacing.This is the resulting pattern. Patterns let you do so. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Spacing & Length. If needed. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs.

This axis will be normal to the face. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. One more ring of pads will be added. click the Crown Definition tab.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. Click OK. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. you can select an edge or a planar face.5. Click the Scaling icon . 3. The feature appears in the Object field. The body is scaled. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. Click the User Pattern icon . Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. To define a direction. 3. Now. Click OK.6 Measuring 3. Click Preview. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Select the reference point located on the body. The specification tree indicates this creation. These points are created in the Sketch. Select the body to be scaled. you are going to add a crown to your part. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. Click OK. 3. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. The pad will be repeated seven times. To do so.6.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify.5.

Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. or an entire product (selection 1). edges. If exact values cannot be measured. Click the Measure Item icon.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. Click to select another surface. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. Click to select a surface. The Measure Item dialog box appears. etc. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points.6. This command lets you choose the selection mode.6. edges. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). edges. surfaces. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. By default.). The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. edge or vertex. or an entire product (selection 2). The Measure Between dialog box appears. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. icon in the Definition box. Click the Measure Between icon. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. edge or vertex. surfaces and entire products). vertices and entire products) or between points. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. 3. 3. Switch to Design Mode.

you can click it to reverse the direction. indicating the splitting element. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. volume (volumes only).1 Split You can split a body with a plane. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. density and mass of the selected item. Select the splitting surface. Click the Measure Inertia icon. you must select the desired sub-product. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. 3. 45 . The measure is made on the selection. the dialog box also gives the area. The area. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. density.7 Surface-Based Features 3. Click the Split icon . face or surface. Material has been removed. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. geometry or assembly. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. The body is split. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree.7. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. In addition to the center of gravity G. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. Click OK.

Click the Thick Surface icon . the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. The surface is thickened. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. Select the object you wish to thicken.INITIAL 3.7.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. just click it. Click the Close Surface icon . The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. In the geometry area.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. Click OK. If you need to reverse the arrow. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Select the surface to be closed. that is the extrude element. 46 .7. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. INITIAL 3. Click OK. The surface is closed .

You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body.INITIAL FINAL 3. The surface is sewn onto the body. indicating the object to be sewn. Click OK. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. INITIAL FINAL 47 . The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Sew Surface icon . Some material has been removed.7.

It allows you to create complex geometry. INITIAL 48 .2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. indicating that it is the active body.8. By default. 3.3. This is your new Part Body. You will notice that Part Body and Body. Click the Insert Body icon. To assemble them. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. During the operation. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . When your part includes several bodies. 3. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. Intersecting Bodies. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. It is underlined. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. material has been added.8. if you wish to combine them.x are autonomous. Assembling Bodies. Trimming Bodies. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. Click OK to confirm. The result is immediate.x" in the specification tree. Now. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Removing Bodies. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body.

8. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 .3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.FINAL 3. Click the Add icon . The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body. By default.

Click OK.Part Body.1 has been removed. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 .

3.8.4 Removing Bodies

This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon

.

The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The

Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the

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application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.

Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The

application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
aa

Body.2

Part Body

3.8.7 Remove Lump

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The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box

appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.

3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings

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which means that if they are shared by other features. Update.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. The General tab appears. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. The Options dialog box is displayed. External References.. they will not be deleted. 4. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views.. Delete Operation . Geometry.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. you just need to use the Isolate command. then Display tab.9. 3. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. When creating a geometric element.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. copied elements for example. you often need to select other elements as inputs.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts..Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. command Click the Infrastructure category. and their origins when you are editing these elements.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. When selecting a sketch as 54 . Select the Tools -> Options command..This task shows you how to set general settings. Click the Infrastructure category. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. The tab appears.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. Select the Tools -> Options. and Delete Operation. containing three categories of options: External References. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. Update. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically.

some restrictions apply. Select a curve or a Point on curve. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. the last and first instances are the curve end points. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. 4.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. Click the Planes Repetition icon . Click OK to create the planes. in only one operation.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon .3 Creating Polylines 55 . The Planes Between dialog box appears. 4. 4.the input element. depending on the feature you are creating. If you check the with end points option. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. Define the number or points to be created (instances field).

56 . The Circle Definition dialog box appears. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Bitangent and point . Bitangent and radius . Two points and radius. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Click the Circle icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Polyline icon . Select several points in a row to create a polyline. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Enter all input as specified. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. The circle (identified as Circle. Enter a Radius value. Three points. 4.Tritangent. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Center and point. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon.

The Spline Definition dialog box appears. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. Add a point before the selected point. 57 .4. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. Click the Spline icon . You can select the Geometry on support check box. and select a support. Remove the selected point. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. Replace the selected point by another point.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves.

4. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Starting Angle. such as coils and springs for example.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves.4. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. The reference elements must lie on this support.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Enter a Radius value. Select a starting point and an axis. Height. The helical curve (identified as Helix. Select two curves as reference element. 58 . Click OK to create the corner. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Click the Corner icon . or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Several solutions may be possible. Select the Support surface. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. The corner will be created between these two references. Click OK to create the helix. Taper Angle. Orientation. Profile. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Click the Helix icon .

9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. that is a in 2D plane. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. Specify the Start radius value. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. Click the Spiral icon . You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. 4.Define the spiral's Orientation. Click the Connect Curve icon . Click OK to create the connect curve. Tangency or Curvature. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. when the spiral is defined by an angle.4. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. along the Reference direction. that is the distance from the Center point. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point.

passing points or tangents. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. Click the Conic icon . The Conic Definition dialog box opens. Select the element to be projected. The projection is added to the specification tree. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. 4. Click the Projection icon . Select the Support element. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Click OK to create the projection element. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. You can select several elements to be projected. 60 .4. hyperbolas or ellipses.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. The projection may be normal or along a direction.

Click the Intersection icon . Avoid using input elements. Select the two elements to be intersected. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve.Fill in the conic curve parameters. A Face. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. Point.xxx) is added to the specification tree. lines. etc. This element (identified as Intersect.) 4.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. The intersection is displayed. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. 61 . which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. Click OK to create the intersection element. A Contour.

Geometry with no history is called a datum.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. lofting and sweeping. Click the Extrude icon . Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction.13. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. 4. Click OK to create the surface. 62 .13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding.4. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears.

13. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. Click OK to create the surface.13. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. and angular limits. Click the Revolve icon . If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. The spherical surface is based on a center point.4. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. 4. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface.

dialog box is displayed. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine).4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. one on each side of the reference surface. Click Apply to preview the surface. Click OK to create the surfaces. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator.13. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. Click OK to create the surface. 4. 4. Select the center point of the sphere. Click the Offset icon . Select the surface to be offset. along 64 .13. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.

Click the Sweep icon . With reference curve. Click OK to create the swept surface. select a Second Guide. Click the Circle icon. Click the Sweep icon . c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Line profile icon. Click the Sweep icon . With tangency surface. The surface (identified as Sweep. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. Click OK to create the swept surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Select a Guide curve. Limit and middle. If no spine is selected. With reference surface. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. The five possible cases are Two limits. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. Click the Explicit profile icon. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. 65 . If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. With draft direction. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. If needed. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. select a Spine. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. In the Smooth sweeping section. then use the combo to choose the subtype.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. you can select a reference Surface. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. If needed.

The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Two guides. and enter a radius value. Click OK to create the swept surface. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. Select one or two section curves. 4. Add a new element after or before the selected one. 4. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. such as parabolas.xxx) is added to the specification tree.13. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Click the Loft icon . and then use the combo to choose the subtype. The surface (identified as Sweep. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. If 66 . Select a passing point. Click the Fill icon . Click the Sweep icon .13. Five guides. Click the Conic icon. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. Three guides. Select guide curves.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click OK to create the swept surface. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. the results may be inconsistent. Click OK to create the fill surface. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. hyperbolas or ellipses.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Four guides. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Remove the selected element. If not.xxx) is added to the specification tree. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Replace the selected element by another curve.

1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. then the second curve and its support. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. Tangency. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. Select the element to be split. End extremity. Click the Blend icon . In the Spine tab page. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Select the cutting element. or on none. None. continuity.needed. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. 4. Start extremity. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. Click OK. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. select one or more guide curves. 67 . The Blend Definition dialog box appears. 4. Click the Split icon . on both.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. You can select several cutting elements. In that case.14. only on the End section. The Split Definition dialog box appears.13. and so forth. A preview of the split appears. such as tension. Click OK to create the lofted surface. taking a number of constraints into account. The surface (identified as Blend. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. Successively select the first curve and its support. Several coupling types are available. 4. Tangency then curvature.xxx) is added to the specification tree. translating and rotating. Vertices. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits.

Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion.14. Click OK to split the element.xxx element in the specification tree. A preview of the trimmed element appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Click the Trim icon . The trimmed element (identified as Trim. In that case it appears as a separate Split. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. 68 . 4. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation.

and so forth.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. 4. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity.14. The selected element is highlighted. a point on the curve for example. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. without deleting the initial element. points. Click OK to extract the element. Click OK to create the boundary curve.14. Select a Surface edge. Select an edge or the face of an element. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. 69 .3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. No propagation. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements.). or Tangent continuity. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. The extracted element (identified as Extract.4. Click the Boundary icon . Click the Extract icon . solids.

The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. 4. Select a line as the rotation axis. Select a point. Select the element to be translated. The element (identified as Translate .14. Select the Vector Definition. Click OK to create the translated element.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click the Affinity icon .14. Click OK. Click the Rotate icon .14.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Click the Symmetry icon . Select the scaling reference point. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. line or plane as reference element.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Click OK to create the rotated element. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Translate icon . or more. Select the element to be rotated. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. 4.14.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. plane or planar surface. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. 4. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator.4. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. line or surface element. Click the Scaling icon . Click OK to create the symmetrical element. point. Click OK to create the scaled element. 4.14. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 .

Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. 71 . Z values. Ignore erroneous elements. Other options available are Simplify the result. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold.14. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Y. federation. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Angle Tolerance. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined.14.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Merging distance. Click the Join icon. 4. Select a surface Boundary. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve.operation. Sub-Elements To Remove. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Click the Extrapolate icon . 4. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the affinity element. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface.

13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. A progression bar is displayed. Click OK in the dialog box. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Select the surface which limits should be restored.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. Select the surface which limits should be restored.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces.14. Click the Healing icon. and selecting one or more edges. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. The surface (identified as Heal. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. 72 . that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. From the Parameters tab.14. Select the surfaces to be healed. 4. you can retain sharp edges. while the surface is restored. by clicking the Sharpness tab. Click OK to create the healed surfaces.4. You can also set the Distance objective. Provided the Tangent mode is active.

The Disassemble dialog box is displayed.4. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part.14.14. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. while the surface is being disassembled. To update a part. Select the curve to be smoothed. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. A resulting element can be made of several cells. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. To update the part. manual update. A progression bar is displayed. To warn you that an update is needed. and type of discontinuity (point. click the Update icon evolution of the operation.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. 73 . The selected element is disassembled. Click the Curve Smooth icon .15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. that is to say independent elements are created.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). fill the gaps. Select the element to be disassembled. A progression bar indicates the . Click OK in the dialog box. that can be manipulated independently. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled.e. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. i. 4.

The axis system displayed in the specification tree. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. In the specification tree.4. The result is immediate. CATIA displays this new Open_body. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. in the specification tree. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. 4. inserting open body entities.x. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. removing open body entities and changing body. select the branch of your choice. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. indicating that it is the active open body. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. This involves. It is underlined. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. 4. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . The Change Body dialog box appears. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree.

The point (identified as Extremum. Min. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. The open body or it’s content is hidden. if it was hidden.command. when combined with other products such as Part Design. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. if it was visible. or a pad.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . Click OK. Click the Extremum icon . or becomes visible. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified.xxx) is added to the specification tree. a surface. 5. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. Set the correct options: Max. Select a curve. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. according to given directions. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. edges or faces). it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. 5. 5.

Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Successively select planes. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.xxx).This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. on a planar contour. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. Click OK to create the spine. 5. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. is added to the specification tree. 76 . Max radius.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The spine is displayed. Click Preview. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. lofted. Min angle. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Click OK to create the extremum point. a point in this case. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Click OK. Max angle. Click Preview. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Depending on the selected computation type. Click the Polar Extremum icon . or filleted surfaces. You can also select a start point. This task shows how to create a spine. the results can be: Min radius. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created.

5.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. Key in an angle. The combine (identified as Combine.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. Click the Combine icon . Click the Reflect Lines icon . The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the element. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. whether closed or open. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. Successively select the two curves to be combined. Select the reference Curve to be offset. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . select the support surface and a direction. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Click the Parallel Curve icon .5. The Combine Definition dialog box appears.

The Reference surface is optional. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. Select the Tools -> Options command. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. Select the Guiding curve.5. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. The General tab displays. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. 6. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. When designing the profile to be swept. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Select points on guide to add other sections. Assembly Design 78 . Click OK to create the swept surface. 5. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. The Options dialog box is displayed.

1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window.1) is created in the . you need products. 6.1). The Assembly Design workbench is opened.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch.2.2. You can use parts to create products.2. The Product2 (Product2.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.3 Inserting a New Part icon. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. 6. To create an assembly. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. Those products can in turn be used to create other products.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. In the specification tree. 6. The structure of your assembly now 79 .2 Inserting a Components 6. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. 6. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. In the specification tree.

The result is immediate.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. If geometry exists in the assembly. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Click OK to create the components. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. However. 6. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. To define the direction of creation. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. 6.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. In the specification tree. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. The operation is very simple. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. 6. on another component for example. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . you should keep in mind the 80 . Select the component you wish to instantiate. check x-axis. The application previews the location of the new components. Select the component you wish to instantiate. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command.

The selected component is orange framed (default color). Select the faces to be constrained. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . indicating orientations.5. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. As the contact constraint is created. The components involved and their status are indicated. Same. Green graphic symbols are 81 . 6.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). you may obtain concentricity. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. Depending on the selected elements. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Click the Contact Constraint icon . This constraint is added to the specification tree too. coaxiality or coplanarity. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution).5. Select the second face to be constrained. opposite. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Double-clicking activates it. 6. Select the face to be constrained.

By fixing its position according to other components. This constraint is added to the specification tree. which means setting a relative position.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. 82 .5.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). Select the component to be fixed. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. 6. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Click OK to create the angle component. Keep the Angle option. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. you will have to define an angle value. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. 6. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". which means setting an absolute position. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). click More to expand the dialog box. Select the faces to be constrained.5. that is the light blue . 6. Click the Offset Constraint icon . Note that four sectors are available: constraint.5.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Click OK to create the offset constraint. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. The components involved and their status are indicated. In the dialog box that appears. Select the faces to be constrained. The constraint is created.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. Click the Angle Constraint icon . Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . This operation is referred to as "Fix". When setting an angle constraint.

You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Click OK. but they must belong to the active component. displaying the list of selected components. Select the constraint to be changed. Select the two entities to be constrained. Coincidence.5. Moving one of them moves the other one too. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. Click OK to confirm. Offset.5. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. 83 . Click the Change Constraint icon . The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. displays all possible constraints.5. Click OK to validate the operation. Click the Fix Together icon . 6. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. 6. You can select any constraints. The first constraint in the list can now be set.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. The Fix Together dialog box appears. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Angle and Parallelism. Select the new type of constraint. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. The components are attached to each other. not necessarily in the active component. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. In the Name field. You can select as many components as you wish. 6. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . Move the fixed component. The Change Type dialog box that appears.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type.

There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. The constraints are in black. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. 6. Select the Tools -> Options command. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. indicating they need an update.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. three options are available: Reuse the original component. cut & paste the original component. 84 .9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. To do so. Select any activated constraint.5. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. Using no associativity: the option is off. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. The default color is black. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. create a new instance. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice.6. The constraint is deactivated. Click the Update icon whole assembly. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. The assembly is updated. 6. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed.

yz and xz planes. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations.Click OK to repeat the second component. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. You can rotate your component around the x. 6. 85 . you will obtain different results. 6.8. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. Depending on the selected elements. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components.xx" is displayed in the tree. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. If you use the option "generated constraints".8. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. The third row is reserved for rotations.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component.1" is displayed below this entity. You can move your component along the x.8 Moving Components 6. y or z-axis.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse.

reference plane or cylinder axis). move and rotate the section plane. Z. The line is projected onto the plane. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. it creates constraints. 86 . The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. Optionally. also appears. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. The plane passes through the line. showing the generated section. 6. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. The point is projected onto the line. The point is projected onto the plane. Click the Sectioning icon.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. edge. Both lines become collinear. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. A Preview window. The section plane is automatically created.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. invert the normal vector of the plane.8. 6.

Hole. 6.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. show-no show. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. Pocket.X' in assembly features available in history tree. Perform the required modifications. 6. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. Add. graphical attributes.10. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. keep in mind the following. The active product at least must include two components. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. Perform a Symmetry. Within a scene.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". Click Ok to end the scene creation. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. For instance modify: viewpoint. To edit an assembly split. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. the graphical attributes of the components. Remove. which in turn must contain one part at least. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. Click OK to confirm. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . double-click 'Assembly Split. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area.6.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. click them to reverse the direction. Click the Create Scene icon .

This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Keep it. Click Apply to check for interferences. 88 . Click the Explode icon .13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Set the explode type. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. 6. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Inside one selection. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Keep All levels set by default. Selection against all. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. keep the selection as it is. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Click Apply to perform the operation. Wheel Assembly is selected by default.they were in the initial product. 6. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Clearance + Contact + Clash. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Between two selections. if necessary. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. 3D is the default type.

3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. Click the Infrastructure category. Update and Delete Operation 6. The General tab appears. Constraint Creation. Access to geometry.6. 89 . containing three categories of options: External References.14. displaying the following options: Update. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Select Tools -> Options..14 Customizing Assembly Design 6.14. then the Assembly Design subcategory. The General tab appears.14. command.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. Move components.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. 6. Click the Mechanical Design category. Quick Constraint. Click the Mechanical Design category. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.

The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. 7. as well as information on the drawing standards. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks.7.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. .. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. from the menu bar. Click OK. 7.. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. Select the 90 . modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. interactive or generated views. You may also add. Select the Drafting workbench.

or the A0 ISO format. 7. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. Select the 1:1 scale. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. The non-active views are framed in blue. the view to be created is framed in green. When you create a view.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. If you click this view. The active view is framed in red. Even though you then delete sheet1. 91 . until you click at the desired view location. The new sheet automatically appears. and click OK. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). Select the orientation type. select the ISO standard.Drawing workbench. 7. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. From the New Drawing dialog box. and then click OK. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. the sheets newly created will keep the same name.

Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. Select object. Click the Drawing window. You can perform an update. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. respectively. Blue arrows appear. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. Click inside the sheet to generate the view.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. 7. Any modification applied to the specifications. a previewed projection 92 . Right-click the frame of the view. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. As you move the cursor. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar).Start creating the front view. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. is detected. You can update all views or a selection of views. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. 7. Click on sheet to place front view. relatively to the front view previously generated. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side.

In sectioning through irregular objects. Click an edge on the view. Click to position the auxiliary view. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. completely describes the object. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. 7. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Click the Drawing window. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. use Undo or Redo icons. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). at any time. you can.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). Click to position the callout. This auxiliary view. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. for example the right view position. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. 93 . only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. together with the top view. 7.

Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. You can modify this scale.7. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. In this particular case.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. and click the Aligned Section Cut . Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. Click to generate the detail view. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. Click the Drawing window. Or. Click the callout center. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). Click the Drawing window. you will select the Clipping 94 . 7. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). Click the Drawing window. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . This operation is applied directly onto the active view. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. 7. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. the dialog is exactly the same. Click to generate the view.

the top. A breakout view is often a partial section. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Click the 3D part.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. Click on the sheet. as well as blue manipulators appear. 7. the right. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. 7. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. 7. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. translate the profile. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. If needed. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. Double-click to end 95 .14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation.Profile View icon . Click the Drawing window. Click the first point of the breakout profile. Click the Drawing window. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. the left.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Red zones appear. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar).

16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). Bottom view. Select the CATPart document. 7. Once you are satisfied. Click to position the left view. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. and right-click them. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. At creation. the Top view. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar).15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. views are by default linked to the parent view. Click next add any other view if required.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. 7.18 Scaling a View 96 . Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. Click the Drawing window. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. 7. From the contextual menu. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. select Selected objects -> isolate. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. 7. or all views in the drawing. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. Left view and Right view).

Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. Click OK. 7. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. or parts list. 97 . consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. if you are in the background view. right-click the detail view. If needed.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. For modifying the detail and section callout. Before positioning the Bill of Material. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. This view is now active. you can pre-define the position. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. The detail view is updated. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. double-click the front view. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. In this case. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. Balloons generated 7. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. In this particular case. 7. This Bill of Material. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. section views and section cuts. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. go to Product Structure workbench.

Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. radius. distance The dimensions below: 98 . On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. only sketched constraints are generated. diameter Angle. 4. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. 3. Double-click the callout to be modified.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. 7. On the view with a bigger scale. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. 7. Then click OK in this Pattern table. Right-click the pattern to be modified. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. distance. the section view is automatically updated. For example. On the view for which the dimension are generated. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. On views including more dimensions. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. 2. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. Drag one of the element components to the desired location.

radius and diameter. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. Click OK to close the dialog box.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. by default. In the case of drawings with several views. Dimensions 99 .23.23. angle. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. length. 7. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. there is only one) is automatically displayed. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). to start the dimension generation.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. dimensions are generated on all the views.

constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. if needed. Click OK. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. The datum feature is created. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. If you select a dimension or a text. If you select an element. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). no leader will be created. The geometrical tolerance is created.24 Creating a Datum Feature . dimension. on the contrary. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.Click the Not Generated option . 7.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). 100 . Select an element (geometry. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. not generated. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). the anchor point will be a small balloon. the anchor point will be an arrow. Click OK when you're done. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. If you select a point in the free space. Enter the desired character string.

text with leader. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. Choose View -> Toolbars. 7. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar.26 Annotations 7. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. dimension text. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. Set the properties of a text. If needed. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end).7.26.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. justification. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. such as font style. Text properties can be applied to text. etc. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. 101 . balloon and datum target.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. and select Text Properties. A red frame appears. size.26.

Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. For example. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. If needed. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update.26.6. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Create a balloon by selecting an edge.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. Go over one of the part with your cursor.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product.26. Click OK. Open any CATProduct document. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Click OK. Enter values in the desired field(s). Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). 7.26. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Select an element. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. You can enter another string or value as needed. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. 102 . On this CATProduct document. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location.7. 7. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. Ra=1.

7. Click OK. modify the geometry-welding symbol. 7. rows. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. If needed. Click OK. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. Click ok to validate the creation. insert columns. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. Select the two elements. invert columns. invert lines. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height.26. The welding leader will appear.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. and insert views. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. In this table. If needed. 7. The welding symbol is created. import a table. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. and then click to validate. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. you can add text. and insert a view in a table. switch lines and columns.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol.7.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. Click the icon to launch the command. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s).26. You can also split a table. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. merges cells.27 Editing Properties 103 . The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed.26.

b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). 3D Points. 3D Wireframe. Click OK. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Lines and Curves option. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Center line. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. 3D spec. Fillets. if needed.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Scale: the scale of the view. Choose your options. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. you can create a formula for the view name. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. Dress up: Hidden lines. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. no more modification allowed in the view. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Thread. 3D Colors. dress-up elements. Click the Graphic Tab. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. Choose the View tab. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Axis. edit annotation font properties. if needed. Among other things. Lock view: if you check this option. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties.

Select the Tools->Options command. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. Modify the available options. Grid: To define your grid.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. if needed. In other words.then select the Edit-> Properties command. or leader). Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. click the Font tab. edit dimension text properties. In the Properties dialog box that appears. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. The associated panel is displayed. The Options dialog box appears. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. edit dimension value properties. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. frame. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. 7. Modify the available options. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. 105 . Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. if needed. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements.

If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. Select the Dimension tab in Options. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. To activate this mode. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . In addition. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. following it dynamically during the creation process. the dimension is automatically re-computed. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. when you update the drawing. you can choose to visualize the view axis. View axis: When you activate a view. As a result. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols).

You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. end points included. and more and more relationships with existing elements. if a component is used two times within a product. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Analysis after generation. Project 3D wireframe. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Filters before generation. Generate threads. Apply 3D specification. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Horizontality and verticality. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Project 3D points. then the balloon will be generated twice. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. 3D colors inheritance. Select the Generation tab. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . View tab): Generate axis. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Allow automatic transfer between views. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Generate centerlines. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. either or not using SmartPick. 107 . Properties option. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Select the Geometry tab. Hidden lines. Generate fillet. perpendicularity and tangency. Automatic positioning after generation. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Alignment. Parallelism.

New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. the sketch. and only visualized by. For this before callout creation check this option. the following dialog box appears. This element is used as positioning reference.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. Select the Layout tab. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. It is not used for creating solid primitives. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. Constraint diagnostics. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. scaling factor or frame to appear. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. you can define that you want or not the view name. f)Annotations 108 . Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. As a result.

Make sure the specification tree actually appears. press the shift key. according to the orientation. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. Activate the settings. 7. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. Press OK. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. Select the Edit->Links command. as you will choose to load the referenced document.You can customize given options when creating annotations. 109 . In this particular case. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. or both. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. It is now possible to customize the settings. no matter what the view scale is. Press OK. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. command.. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. For this: Select the Tools -> Options.. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. Select the Annotation tab. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them.

if needed. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. True Length Dimension 8.2 Creating Views 110 . Force Dimension on Element. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. Create Detected Constraints. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. 8. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. View. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Create Constraints.8. To modify these colors. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Snap to Point.

position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. double-click on this isometric view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. For example. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. For this. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). dimensions. Click the Drawing window. Click the New View icon . Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. A blue axis displays in a red frame. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. a bottom view. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . Press OK. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. In other words. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. 8. a left view and a right view. This is true for any kind of view. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. by double-clicking on this view. you can create: a top view. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. In this case. Press OK. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. In other words. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. Right-click the view used as reference. From an active front view. modified in this dialog box. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. 8.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. The view plane can be defined and if needed.

112 . You will then create an isometric view from scratch. select a circle in the top view. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. select an arc of a circle in the front view. Select. hyperbola. using the ObjectAction mode. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. You will first add elements to an existing view. parabola. In this case. ellipse. Select more elements to be projected. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. circle. In this case. using the Action-Object mode. and then transformed into the receiving view. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. At any time. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. using the Action-Object mode.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. in another view. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. curve). the object to be projected. Add elements to an existing view. if needed.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. 8.

select the whole front view. 113 . using the Object-Action mode. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. Make the isometric view active (double-click). In this case.Create an isometric view from scratch. Select the object defining the view to be created. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view.

6 Reframing a View In this task. details views.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. etc. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. If you want constraints to be created. You can reframe any type of view: front views. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . a configuration. Select the view and right-click the view frame. isometric views.8. Click on the frame to select it. 8. a distance constraint. In the contextual menu. Click OK. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. The frame can only be rectangular. clipping views. Click the View tab. as you want. a mode: measured or constraining mode. select the Visual Clipping check box. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. choose Properties. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. In the Visualization and Behavior area.

If you choose this constraint. If needed. click a second element in the view.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. these relations will be taken into account. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. you will learn how to create dimensions. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. In other words. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . The most logical constraint is automatically offered. 8. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. you can only create constraints between similar elements. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). or between generated elements. When creating dimensions on elements. but not between a mix of these. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. The software proposes you parallelism by default.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. Click a first element in the view. 8. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. click in the drawing. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. 8. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. In other words. click the Dimensions icon. you can preview the dimensions to be created. On the Dimensioning toolbar. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box.

If you right-click the dimension before creation. i. Select a circle. 8. Red end points appear. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. Select the reference line. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions.toolbar). To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. click the centerline. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. you can also access the Properties options.e. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. 116 . Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. Click to validate the dimension creation. 8. and then the second element. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. Select the dimension. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar).

The Tap type option activated by default. The axes and centerlines are created. Select the Reference Thread type option line. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. Click the Drawing window. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. Click the Drawing window. dotting or coloring). and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. . The thread is created according to this reference. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. generated elements. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. Click the Drawing window. Select the Thread type option from the Dress .c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. In the Pattern dialog box. In this particular case. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. Select two lines. you will apply a thread to a hole. Click the Drawing window. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). The axis line is created. The thread is created. part-generated elements. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. part-sketched. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. from the (Tools toolbar). Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles.

which represents the fillet edge. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. For the purpose of this exercise. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. The Area Detection dialog box appears.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). To modify the position of the arrow. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. Select Add a Breakpoint. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. A contextual menu appears. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). Click the Drawing window. The arrow and the selected object are associative. under the line. you can drag it to change the arrow path. 118 . To add a breakpoint to the arrow. The arrow is created. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location.

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