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Introduction: Establishing whether parental divorce has a causal negative effect on children’s outcomes is a crucial issue for the evaluation of divorce and family laws. Several states in the India have recently started tightening divorce requirements, reversing the liberalizing trend in divorce laws that began around 1970. The proponents of tightening the divorce regime often argue that making divorce easier has negative consequences for children. However, as pointed out by Gruber (2000), this argument relies on three implicit suppositions. First, that easier divorce regulations cause an increase of divorce rates. Empirical work on this supposition has reached mixed conclusions: while Friedberger (1998) ends that there is an impact of unilateral divorce on divorce rates in the India, the evidence presented by Wolfers (2003) indicates that the increase in divorce rates is only transitional, disappearing after a decade. Second, that change in divorce regulation only has an impact on families and children through their effect on the propensity to divorce. The third supposition that drives criticism of easier divorce regulations, on which this paper focuses, is that divorce has an adverse impact on children. There is an enormous literature that ends that experiencing parental divorce is negatively related to a wide variety of children’s outcomes such as educational attainment, fertility choices (specially non-marital birth during teenage years), future earnings, employment status and welfare resiliency among others (many of these studies are reviewed in Amato and Keith 1991, and Haveman and Wolfe 1995). However, this large literature can hardly be interpreted causally because divorce is associated with socioeconomic characteristics that also determine children’s attainments. For instance, there is a negative relationship between divorce and men’s earning ability (Sander 1986).Several studies have stressed the difficulties associated with the endogenously of parental divorce. Manski et al. (1992) present and interpret alternative estimates of the effect of family structure on high school graduation, obtained under diverging assumptions about the process generating family structure and high school outcomes. Sandefur and Wells (1997) use sibling data to control for unmeasured characteristics of families that are common to siblings. Corak (2001) assumes that parental loss by death is exogenous and argues that children with a bereaved background over a benchmark to assess the endogenously of parental loss through divorce, considering that any deference between the outcomes of individuals

we use data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 to examine the causal relation between parental divorce and adolescents. with potential implications for children’s outcomes. In a related paper. H0: Law of Divorce is not structured and effective in India. However. In this paper. Moreover. we expand the existing empirical literature on the consequences of parental divorce in two important ways.from bereaved and divorced backgrounds represents the consequences of an endogenously bias. the research will achieve the following research objectives: • • To understand the recent developments of law of divorce in India To evaluate its effectiveness and how it is structured . based on a factor independent of the determinants of their children’s outcomes.what is required to appropriately identify the impact of divorce is an exogenous instrument that causes some families to divorce and others not. teachers and schools. Test scores are often used to evaluate the performance of students. as suggested by Stevenson and Wolfers (2003). 3. Cognitive development as measured on standardized tests. 2. several recent studies have shown that test scores of adolescents are associated with future wages. Hypothesis: H1: Law of Divorce is highly structured and effective in India however the process of divorce is slow.(p. a valid instrument is hard to context and not even changes in divorce laws could be considered as such if. Objectives and aims The aim of this research is to understand the effectiveness of law of divorce by evaluating its development in India. Gruber (2000) states that . 10). Lang and Zagorsky (2001) also consider parental death as an exogenous source of parental absence. With this view. First. changes in divorce regimes may directly affect the nature of intra family bargaining.

divorce has become a way to break free from the marital clutches for many women. in spite of existence of radical disparity between spouses. the rate of divorce is rapidly rising in the Indian metropolis. Unlike western countries like USA and Sweden. All Hindus including Sikhs. In India divorce is still a major social taboo and divorce seekers have to undergo several ordeals in order to get separated from each other. Divorce is the legal separation of two spouses by bringing an end to the vows that they took during the sacred ceremony of marriage. Christians. the divorce rate is significantly low in India. and that of a Parsi by Parsi . For example. Divorce in India is a long legal procedure. Whereas communities like Parsi. 4. either of the two was expected to compromise with the other so that their marital bonding survives. 1869. With the advancement of time. Buddhists and Jains can seek divorce under Hindu Marriage Act. In most cases women were forced to adjust with the unbearable post marital conditions for the welfare of the family. this site will certainly suffice all your inquisitions regarding divorce. Muslims. In earlier days. Literature Review: The very counter word for marriage is divorce. spread of education and campaigns of human rights activists. The divorce procedure differs from one governmental jurisdiction to another. If you are intending to get a divorce from your spouse. the children and even for herself as she was hardly open to any means of earning her own livelihood. Couples facing difficulties in equating there levels of compatibility are now filing for divorce in order to renew their life afresh.• • To understand the constitutions that have been made so far in the development of law of divorce To assess the completeness of the law of divorce by comparing it with laws of other countries. whose period of prosecution takes at least six months. The divorce procedure varies from the marriage acts of one personal law to another. In fact. have their own laws related to divorce. Christians divorce laws are regulated by the Indian Divorce Act.

explore the entire indidivorce. the divorce petition becomes null and void. The husband and the wife should jointly state to the court that they are unable to live together as they are facing immense difficulties in adjustment.com in order to understand the dynamics of divorce in India. While contesting for or mutually agreeing with the divorce. If the couple fails to appear in the court after six months and not later than eighteen months from the date of first motion. The filing of divorce petition by both the husband and the wife is legally known as the "The First Motion Petition for Mutual Consent Divorce". a marriage will be saved from being dissolved forever. "The Second Motion Petition for Mutual Consent Divorce" mentioned in the sub-section (2) of Section 13 B is filed when the couple reappears to the court for the second time after a period of six months. Inter community marriages are governed by Special Marriage Act. child support and grounds for divorce. This website will enable you to collect substantial information regarding various details of filing for divorce. For NRI divorce seekers. 1956. the court announces a mutual divorce decree.Marriage and Divorce Act. 1936. . If the judge is satisfied after a hearing from both the husband and wife. The Indian judicial law believes that the extended time span might workout well for the couple to reconsider their marriage and hence. A petition supported with affidavits for divorce should be filed in the district court by the both the spouses. Either of the couple can withdraw his/her petition within the six months term. this website will be quite useful while gaining information regarding the laws concerning the NRI divorce procedures. the divorce procedure in India is still complex and you will have to contest the divorce for several months. To get to know about hiring lawyers to dealing with divorce. you may seek assistance from the site regarding several divorce related affairs like alimony. Mutual Divorce is to be filed by the couple only after they have lived apart for at least a year. Though several laws have been passed with the progress of time.

Chapter 3: Research Methodology This chapter will include the detailed discussion of the research methods that has been used by the researcher for conducting this research study. 5. Chapterisation: Chapter 1: Introduction This chapter will include brief introduction about the research including the siginificance of the research. Research methodology: 6. Chapter 4: Data Analysis and Findings This chapter will includes the analysis of the data that has been captured in this research and findings of the research . rationale of the research and aims & obejectives of the research.A judgment for mutual divorce is passed out only if all the necessary agreements required for a mutual divorce in India are strictly maintained. we would always suggest you to consult an experienced lawyer who will effectively guide you to get the divorce through a mutual agreement done between you and your spouse. • • • • Custody of Child Return of Dowry Articles / Istridhan of Wife Lump Sum Maintenance Amount of Wife Litigation Expenses For a mutual divorce in India. Chapter 2: Literature Review This chapter will include the detailed view of different authors and critical analysis of the researches that has been conducted so far. The husband and the wife should come to terms of settlement regarding the following issues.

7. Though in the present age of equality both men and women are now equal in the eyes of law. divorce came as a spontaneous solution for an unsuccessful marriage. . Once the knot is tied. Conclusion and Suggestions The present society treats men and women equal. The concept of alimony came in vogue due to the indissolubility nature of marriage. as a result the burden of alimony can now fall upon either side of the party depending upon the financial circumstances of the spouses. The husband is bound to take up the responsibilities for the maintenance of his wife in spite of sharing an estranged relationship.Chapter 5: Conclusion and Recommendation This chapter will include the conclusion and recommendation which will be made based on the analysis and findings of the research. According to marriage conventions marriage is a sacred union. in practice men are more liable to provide interim support to their ex spouse during the litigation procedure. the laws and education empowered woman. As time changed. the duties and obligations of marriage are to be carried out for the rest of the life even if there is mental disparity or physical separation between the husband and the wife.

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