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B. Registration under Value Added Tax. C. Explaining Value Added Tax. D. Calculating Tax Liability. E. Filing of Return and Paying Tax. F.
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Records and Accounts.
G. Business Audit. H. Appeals. I. J.
Tax Payer Service.
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Recovery, Offences and Penalties. Section – III Appendix. Section – IV Conclusion. Section – V Bibliography.
Value Added Tax in Maharashtra WHAT IS VALUE ADDED TAX?
Value Added Tax is a broad-based commodity tax that is levied at multiple stages of production. The concept is akin to excise duty paid by the manufacturer who, in turn, claims a credit on input taxes paid. Excise duty is on manufacture, while VAT is on sale and both work in the same manner, according to the white paper on VAT released by finance minister Chidambaram. The document was drawn up after all states, barring UP, were prepared to implement VAT from April. It is usually intended to be a tax on consumption, hence the provision of a mechanism enabling producers to offset the tax they have paid on their inputs against that charged on their sales of goods and services. Under VAT revenue is collected throughout the production process without distorting any production decisions.
WHY VAT IS PREFERRED OVER SALES TAX?
While theoretically the amount of revenue collected through VAT is equivalent to sales tax collections at a similar rate, in practice VAT is likely to generate more revenue for government than sales tax since it is administered on various stages on the production – distribution chain. With sales tax, if final sales are not covered by the tax system e.g. due to difficulty of covering all the retailers, particular commodities may not yield any tax. However, with VAT some revenue would have been collected through taxation of earlier transactions, even if final retailers evade the tax net. There is also in-built pressure for compliance and auditing under VAT since it will be in the interest of all who pay taxes to ensure that their eligibility for tax credits can be demonstrated. VAT is also a fairer tax than sales tax as it minimizes or eliminates the problem of tax cascading, which often occurs with sales tax. These are facilitated by the fact that VAT operates through a credit system so that tax is only applied on value added at each stage in the production – distribution chain. At each intermediate stage credit will be given for taxes paid on purchases to set against taxes due on sales. Only -2-
Value Added Tax in Maharashtra
at consumption stage where there are no further transactions will there be no tax credits. Lack of input credit facility in sales tax often results in tax on inputs becoming a cost to businesses which are often passed on to consumers. Sales tax is often applied again to the sales tax element of the cost, thus there is a problem of tax on tax. This is not the case with VAT, which makes it a neutral tax as it provides the least disturbance to patterns of production and the generation and use of income. In addition, the audit trail that exists under the VAT system makes it a more effective tax in administration terms than sales tax as it helps with the verification of VAT amounts declared as due. This is made possible by the fact that one person’s output is another’s input. As with sales tax imports are treated the same way as local goods while exports are zero- rated to avoid anti-export bias. Notwithstanding the advantages mentioned above, it is worth noting that VAT is a considerably complex tax to administer compared with sales tax. It may be difficult to apply to small companies due to difficulties of record keeping and its coverage in agriculture and the services sector may be limited. To cover the high administration costs, VAT rates of 10-20 per cent are generally recommended. The equity impact of the relatively high rates have been a cause for concern as it is possible that the poor spend relatively high proportions of their incomes on goods subject to VAT. Thus the concept of zero VAT rate on some items has been introduced.
the value of goods is Rs. Under the CST law. an example is as follows: At the first point of sale. To illustrate the whole procedure of VAT. Under the CST Act. The subsequent dealer pays tax on the portion of the value added upon such goods. At the third change of sale.5% will be the net rate. -4- .75%.100.75%. concessional rates are provided on certain taxes. Dealer’s get a credit for second change in sale? i. the tax is levied at a single point. Under VAT law. The input tax is 15%. Therefore.75% -15% = 3. under the VAT system.i. first.75%. The Input Tax is 18.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VAT AND CST Under the CST Act. either the first or the last dealer. Under the CST Act. At the second change of sale. the net VAT would be 12.150 and the tax on this is 18. the sale value is Rs. the tax is collected at one stage of purchase or sale of goods. the retailers are not subject to tax except for the retail tax.5%. 2. This means that VAT is paid in the last point tax under the sale tax regime. The tax on this is 12. Therefore. Thus. the dealer pays tax on the sale or purchase of goods. the tax paid is 18. The VAT regime will do away with such concessions as it would provide the full credit on the tax that has been paid earlier. 15% -12. Then.75% would be the net VAT. Therefore.e. Therefore. 18.e. the burden of the full tax bond is borne by only one dealer. The tax that is to be paid at every point is 15%. 3. Under the VAT system.120 and the tax thereon is 15%.75%. the sale value is Rs. such tax would be passed upon the final consumers.5%-. the tax burden is shared equally by the last dealer. At the last stage.5%.5%. the tax burden would be shared by all the dealers from first to last. The dealer will get a credit for first change in sale of 2. general and specific exemptions are granted on certain goods while VAT does not permit such exemptions. However.
The tax structure will become simple and more transparent and tax compliance will improve significantly. -5- . Moreover. Everyone has an incentive to buy only from registered dealers — purchases from others will not provide the benefit of credit for the taxes paid at the time of purchase. It will also be simpler and offer easy computation and easy compliance. and prices. VAT has in-built incentives for tax compliance — only by collecting taxes and remitting them to the government can a seller claim the offset that is due to him on his purchases. VAT would be a boon that reduces the cost of the product to the consumer and boosts competitiveness. WHO PAYS? All dealers registered under VAT and all dealers with an annual turnover of more than Rs 5 lakh will have to register. VAT will replace the existing system of inspection by a system of built-in self-assessment by traders and manufacturers.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra WHO GAINS? State and Central governments gain in terms of revenue. Industry and trade gain from transparency and reduced need to interact with the tax personnel. VAT would be major blow for tax evaders. Dealers with turnovers less than Rs 5 lakh may register voluntarily. VAT will prevent cascading effect through input rebate and help avoid distortions in trade and economy by ensuring uniform tax rates. WHAT’LL BE THE TAX BURDEN? The overall tax burden will be rationalized as it’ll be shared by all dealers. This transparency and in-built incentive for compliance would increase revenues. For those who have been complying with taxes. in general. both manufacturers who evade excise duty payments and traders who evade sales-tax. will fall.
prices and economic growth. OTHER CONSIDERATIONS It is imperative that policy makers in considering adoption of VAT should be interested in the economy wide impact of this tax. If the tax credit exceeds the tax collected during a month on sale within the state. including drugs and medicines. Three items — sugar. following opposition from some states. This is particularly important because of the potential effects on consumption of certain commodities that have a direct or indirect effect on labour productivity. In fact. all agricultural and industrial inputs.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra HOW TO PAY? VAT will be paid along with monthly returns. About 270 items. it was decided that states would have option to either levy 4% or totally exempt food grains from VAT but it would be reviewed after one year. tobacco — under additional excise duties will not be under VAT regime for one year but existing arrangement would continue. the excess credit will be carried forward to the next month. -6- . textile. Special emphasis is often placed on its effect on equity. Credit will be given within the same month for entire VAT paid within the state on purchase of inputs and goods. Credit thus accumulated over any month will be utilized to deduct from the tax collected by the dealer during that month. capital goods and declared goods would attract 4% VAT. over 550 items will be covered under the new tax regime. of which 46 natural and unprocessed local products would be exempt from VAT. WHICH GOODS WILL BE TAXABLE UNDER VAT? All goods except those specifically exempt. But.
consumption is used as the denominator the impact of VAT would be proportional.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra VAT EFFECT ON INFLATION In considering the introduction of VAT. A survey of OECD countries that introduced VAT indicated that VAT had little or no effect on prices. DISTRIBUTION EFFECTS OF VAT Value added tax is widely criticized as being regressive with respect to income that is its burden falls heavily on the poor than on the rich. countries are often concerned that it would cause an inflationary spiral. In cases where there was an effect it was a one time effect that simply shifted the trend line of the consumer price index (CPI). -7- . A proportional burden would also be demonstrated if lifetime income rather than current income is used. This emanates from the fact that consumption as a share of income falls as income rises. Hence a uniform VAT rate falls heavily on the poor than the rich. ♦ VAT exemptions may also be granted on goods and services that are consumed mostly by the poor. A lifetime income concept considers the fact that many income recipients are only temporarily at lower income brackets as their earnings increase. However if. However there is no evidence to suggest that this is true. In order to address the regressivity of VAT the following measures can be taken: ♦ The VAT itself can be used to differentiate taxation of consumer items that are consumed primarily by the poor such that they pay less or at zero rate or to tax luxury goods at a higher than standard rate. To guard against any unforeseen price effects the authorities may consider a tighter monetary policy stance at the introduction of VAT. following the premise that welfare is demonstrated by the level of consumption rather than income. This criticism is valid when VAT payments are expressed as a proportion of current income.
results in the use of presumptive methods of determining the tax liability. This could be in the form of lower basic income tax rates on the poor or some pro-poor expenditures of government. food. consumed by the rich and ordinary products consumed by the poor. ♦ significantly increased costs of tax compliance for small firms. Thus any concessions extended may tend to benefit the rich much more than the poor.g. outside the VAT system. such as other tax and spending instruments of government. ♦ Increased costs of VAT administration as a differentiated rate structure brings with it problems of delineating products and interpreting the rules on which rate to use. Exemptions refer to situations where output is not taxed but taxes paid on inputs are not recoverable. which leads to more difficulties in monitoring the compliance. If exemptions are granted The rationale behind exemptions is to reduce negative distributional effects of tax through the effect on incomes. -8- . The effects of exemption may be as at prior to the final sale. it results in a loss of revenue since value added at the final stage escapes tax. The use of multiple rates of VAT has however been widely discouraged for various reasons. The higher compliance cost resultant from differentiation of VAT rates may also be regressive with respect to income since smaller firms with lower income tend to bear proportionately more of the burden than do larger firms. which are usually This unable to keep separate records/accounts for sales of differently taxed items. These include: ♦ The fact that sometimes it is almost impossible to differentiate between higher quality expensive products – e. follows: ♦ falling of revenues – exemptions break the VAT chain.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra ♦ Equity concerns may also be addressed through other ways.
Given the fact that the primary purpose of VAT is to raise government revenue in an efficient manner and with as little distortions of economic activity as possible.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra ♦ Un-recovered taxation of some intermediate goods may lead to producers substituting away from such inputs thus distorting the input choices of the said producers. distribution effects are perhaps better addressed by other forms of tax and government expenditure policies which can often be better targeted at these aims. pressures on further exemption. tax avoidance by vertical integration. For example creating an exemption to reduce the tax burden on a particular commodity or goods may lead to increased pressure for exemption or zero rating of inputs used for the production of such a commodity. ♦ Exemptions may create incentives to “self supply” i.e. Based on the above. -9- . it is important that care is taken when introducing exemptions in order to avoid distortions in the production process as well as to minimize revenue loss resulting from such distortions. ♦ Exemptions tend to feed on each other giving rise to a phenomenon called This arises from the fact that each exemption gives rise to “exemption creep”.
1% on silver or gold and 20% on liquor. In this regard VAT may be said to be a superior tax in promoting economic growth than income tax. by increasing their costs. Compared to other broadly based taxes such as income tax VAT is neutral with respect to choices on whether to consume now or save for future consumption. its effects on investment can be said to be neutral. Tax on petrol. There would be no fall in such remaining goods. Although VAT reduces the absolute return on saving it does not reduce the net rate of return on saving. The taxable commodities are listed in the respective schedule with the rates. FEATURES OF VAT 1. diesel or aviation turbine fuel are proposed to be kept out from the VAT system as they would be continued to be taxed. Savings by both parties are required in order to finance investment in a non-inflationary manner. This rate must not be less than 10%. This will ensure By doing this that there will be level playing fields to avoid the trade diversion in connection with the different states. Income tax reduces the net rate of return as both the amount saved as well as the return on that saving are subject to tax. particularly in neighboring states . c. 4% on declared goods or the goods commonly used. as presently applicable by the CST Act. 10-12% on goods called Revenue Neutral Rates (RNR). Rate of Tax VAT proposes to impose two types of rate of tax mainly: a. VAT proposes to keep these rates uniform in all the states so the goods sold or purchased across the country would suffer the same tax rate. Uniform Rates in the VAT system. Discretion has been given to the states when it comes to finalizing the RNR along with the restrictions.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra VAT EFFECT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH Economic growth can be facilitated through investment by both government and the private sector. Since VAT does not influence investment decisions on firms. b. 2.10 - . certain commodities are exempted from tax. Two special rates will be imposed-.
.the tax. It will be like levying tax on goods. Adjustment of the tax paid on the goods purchased from the tax payable on the goods of sale All the tax. 4. the tax would be fair and equitable to all. VAT is not cascading or additive though the tax on the goods sold is collected at each stage. it is not cascading or additive because the net effect would be as follows: . Under the new VAT system. whether within the state or in the course of interstate. would be fully adjusted. would be adjusted against the tax. In case of the branch transfer or consignment of sale outside the state. This was done as it creates discrepancy in investment decision. would be refunded. The seller/dealer would collect the tax on the full price of the goods sold and shows separately in the sell invoice issued by him 6.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra 3. the tax. sold in the last state or at retail stage. paid on purchase outside India. No concession to new industries Tax Concessions to new industries is done away with in the new VAT system. 5.11 - . payable on the sale. previously paid on the sale of goods. Collection of tax by seller/dealer at each stage. paid on the goods purchased within the state. no refund would be provided. In case of export.
under the present VAT system. they can zoom down the highways to their destinations. the question of which stage of tax it falls under becomes another reason for litigation. no refund would be admissible. Reduced transit times and lower inventory levels will boost corporate earnings.12 - . Adjustment of tax paid on purchased goods Under the present system. 4%. 12%.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra WHAT’S THE BIGGEST ADVANTAGE? The biggest benefit of VAT is that it could unite India into a large common market. Such adjustment is conditional as such goods must either be manufactured or sold. This will eliminate any disputes that relate to rates of tax and classification of goods as this is the most usual cause of litigation. 3. Similarly. and not on based on tax-minimization. there would only be 2 types of taxes 4% on declared goods and 10-12% on RNR. 2%. Under the VAT system. Simplification Under the CST Act. on interstate sale on tax-paid goods. Further such adjustment of the purchased goods would depend on the amount of tax that is payable. VAT is free from such conditions. Lorries need not wait at check-points for days. 20% and 25%. CST would not have the provisions on refund or carry over upon such goods except in case of export goods or goods. This will translate to better business policy. 8%. the tax paid on the manufactured goods would be adjusted against the tax payable on the manufactured goods. . 2. VAT would not have such restrictions.1%. It also helps to determine the relevant stage of the tax. Following are the some more advantage of VAT: 1. Companies can start optimizing purely on logistics of their operations. Consequently. This is necessary as the CST Act stipulates that the tax levies at the first stage or the last stage differ. 10%. However. tax would be levied at each stage of the goods of sale or purchase. manufactured out of the country or sale to registered dealer. there are 8 types of tax rates.
which would form a part of integral computerization. no processing or scrutiny of returns would be required as it would free the tax compliant dealers from all the harassment which is so much a part of assessment. 7. This is because the amount of tax. relating to filing of returns. late payment of tax or non payment of tax or in case of tax evasion. Transparency The tax that is levied at the first stage on the goods or sale or purchase is not transparent. which the goods have suffered. Such system would be free from all these harassment 8. the amount of tax would be known at each and every stage of goods of sale or purchase. is not known at the subsequent stage. non-filing of returns. Computerization the VAT proposes computerization which would focus on the tax evaders by generating Exception Report. In a large number of cases. 6. payment of tax. 5.13 - . The management information system. Procedure of simplification Procedures. For example. there would be no discretion involved in the imposition of penalty. In the VAT system. late filing of returns.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra 4. Fair and Equitable VAT introduces the uniform tax rates across the state so that unfair advantages cannot be taken while levying the tax. Minimize the Discretion the VAT system proposes to minimize the discretion with the assessing officer so that every person is treated alike. would make the tax department more efficient and responsive. . furnishing declaration and assessment are simplified under the VAT system so as to minimize any interface between the tax payer and the tax collector.
In the year 1946.e. VAT is a progressive and transparent system of taxation which eliminates the cascading impact of multiple taxation through a multipoint taxation and set-off principle. envisages an increase in the number of dealers and is based on the concept of self-assessment and self-compliance. compliance and equity and therefore. VAT being a multi point tax. 1959 introduced in 1959 underwent many changes thereafter and in July 1981. 1st April. broadly covering tax free goods. first point tax was introduced wherein goods were classified into three main schedules. Sales Tax Department has taken up the challenge to transform their selves and be available for assisting the dealers in complying with the provisions of the law. 2005 to usher in the progressive value added tax system in place of the old sales tax system. The BST Act was repealed and Maharashtra Value Added Tax Act. 2002 came into force w. is both dealer friendly and consumer friendly.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra VALUE ADDED TAX IN MAHARASHTRA Quick Flash Back Sales tax was first introduced in India in the then Bombay Province as early as March 1938 where a tax was imposed on sale of tobacco within certain urban and suburban areas. .14 - . It is therefore. They are also realigning their organisational structure to meet the challenges of the new system and stakeholders' expectations. It promotes transparency.f. The Bombay Sales Tax Act. focused and dynamic department to cater to the ever increasing expectations of both the Government and the Trade & Industry. a general sales tax was introduced levying sales tax at the last stage of sale of goods. They are in the process of installing a state-wide networked IT system to computerise entire tax administration and hope to provide online service to the dealers in due course. inevitable that the Sales Tax Department transforms itself into a dealer friendly. intermediate products and finished goods.
Single point sales tax had a number of disadvantages.Introduction Background Maharashtra is one of the 21 States which have introduced the Value Added Tax (VAT) system of taxation from 1st April 2005. The design of Maharashtra State VAT is generally guided by the best international practices with regard to legal framework. On 1st April 2005. It has an improved control.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Part1 . VAT has other advantages for both business and government. mechanism resulting in better compliance. • • • • • It eliminates cascading impact of double taxation and promotes economic efficiency. VAT is a modern and progressive taxation system that avoids double taxation. It is primarily a self-policing. With the introduction of VAT. VAT replaced the single point sales tax. primarily that of double taxation. The consensus has been arrived at through the discussions in the Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers on implementation of State level VAT.15 with less . It is invoice based. and as a result it offers a better financial system scope for error. . as well as operating procedures. the Sales Tax Department has moved to a globally recognized sales taxation system that has been adopted by more than 130 countries. In addition to offering the possibility of a set-off of tax paid on purchases. Another key factor in preparation of the design of State level VAT is the national consensus on certain issues. It provides the potential for a stronger manufacturing base and more competitive export pricing. self-assessment system with more trust put on dealers.
the tax liability has to be determined with reference to the option exercised by the dealer for discharging tax liability. in respect of normal sales of goods and deemed sales of goods under works contract and specified deemed sale of goods given on lease. Being so. sale of goods under hire-purchase system. VAT in Maharashtra is levied under a legislation known as the Maharashtra Value Added Tax Act (MVAT Act). the Act provides for an optional method for discharging tax liability by way of composition. deemed sale of goods used I supplied in the course of execution of works contract. actionable claims. VAT is levied on sale of goods including intangible goods. such as newspapers. money. deemed sale of goods given on lease.16 - .Value Added Tax in Maharashtra • It widens the. Businesses engaged in. . the buying and selling of goods within the scope of the VAT law are referred to as dealers. tax base and promotes equity. However. The meaning of “goods” for VAT purposes “Goods” means every kind of moveable property including goods of incorporeal and intangible nature but there are some exclusion. shares and securities and lottery tickets. The meaning of 'sale' for VAT purposes A transaction of sale can be a: • • • • normal sale of goods. supported by Maharashtra Value Added Tax Rules (MVAT Rules). The rate of tax applicable to the goods sold under various classes of sales is uniform.
retailers. distributors. including importers. . 1t applies to al1 businesses.17 - . from manufacture through to retail. works contractors and lessors. wholesalers. manufacturers.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Businesses covered by VAT The VAT system embraces all businesses in the production and supply chain. exporters. VAT is collected at each stage in the chain when value is added to goods.
000 5.000 10. However. All Figures in Rs. Benefits of being a registered dealer As a registered dealer.00.000 100 100 Fees payable on registration If the dealer’s turnover is less than the above threshold. Category Annual Turnover of Sales Importer Others 1. then it must register with the local office of the Sales Tax Department. claim set-off of tax (input tax credit) paid on purchases.00. Issue tax invoices and.18 - .000/ -.Registration under VAT Rules for registration If a dealer’s annual turnover exceeds the below mentioned threshold.000 Turnover of sales or purchase of taxable goods not less than 10.5. be competitive. . if a dealer wishes to avail the benefits of being a registered dealer. then they are not liable to collect and pay VAT. then they may apply for voluntary registration by paying a fee of Rs. they are entitled to: • • • collect VAT on the sales.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Part 2 .
This date will be determined as follows: a) New businesses: If a dealer is not registered because their annual turnover is less than the threshold. having crossed the threshold.. i. that is. then they will be liable to pay tax on sales from the date they took over the business. If a dealer has more than one place of business. then Sales Tax Office will provide them. will depend on the date they first become liable to pay VAT. c) Voluntary registration: If a dealer is registered on a voluntary basis. b) Existing businesses: If a dealer took over an existing business that is registered for VAT. at each place where they carry can on their business. then he can charge VAT on his sales only after they are registered. .19 - . one copy of the certificate of registration and hologram for each additional place of business.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Effective date of registration The effective date of registration.e. their liability to account for VAT starts from the date they cross the threshold. the date front which a dealer may charge VAT on sales. from the date shown on the certificate of registration. Further. d) Late registration: If a dealer’s turnover has exceeded the appropriate threshold but they have applied late for registration. then he will be liable to account for VAT from the date shown on the certificate of registration. upon their request. it is an offence to be engaged in business as a dealer without a certificate of registration Certificate of registration A dealer should prominently display the certificate and hologram. or a copy of the certificate and hologram.
following dealer register. . change in the place of business. addition of new place of business. change in the constitution of the business without dissolution of the firm. opening or closing of a bank account. Changes to business circumstances If. conversion of Private limited Company to a Public limited Company.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra If a dealer loses his / her certificate of registration or hologram.20 - . there are any amendments to the details they can be reported while applying for registration. the communication to the Registering Authority concerned should be made within sixty days of the change or occurrence of the event. it must done within 60 days of the change. • • • • • • • • • • • • • Where the amendment involves a: change in the name of the business. change in the trustees of a Trust. an application made against dealer’s business for insolvency or liquidation. change in the Karta of a Hindu Undivided Family. change in the guardianship of a ward. an application made by a dealer for insolvency or liquidation of their business. However. or it is accidentally destroyed or defaced. then they may obtain a duplicate copy of the certificate of hologram from their sales tax office. inform us in writing. formation of a partnership with regard to the business. The certificate of registration and hologram is personal to the dealer to whom it is issued and is non-transferable. A dealer will not need to make a fresh application for registration.
A dealer must inform the Sales Tax Department within 30 days of the event.vat. they must return the Certificate of Registration The cancellation of their certificate does not affect their liability to pay any tax.21 - . they may be allowed the registration to continue.maharashtra. their turnover falls below the threshold. he may choose to apply for cancellation of his registration.in If the Sales Tax Department cancels the dealer’s registration.gov. It can also be downloaded from the website www. dispose of or sell or transfer the business. If however. interest or penalties in respect of any period prior to the date of cancellation of their registration. Alternatively. However. For cancellation of registration a dealer should submit form 103 which is available with the local sales tax office. .Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Cancellation of registration A dealer will be liable to pay VAT while their registration is effective. he should continue to collect and pay VAT in the normal way until his registration is formally cancelled. their successor will need to apply for a fresh registration certificate. If a dealer: • • discontinue the business. In case of disposal or sale of business.
22 - . complete and self consistent returns and pay the amount of tax due on or before the due dates. and a copy of the certificate and hologram in each of the other places where they carry on their business. issue tax invoice / bill or cash memorandum to all customers. . calculate the tax due and submit correct. which dealer’s are obliged to: • display prominently their certificate of registration and hologram in their place of business. extend co-operation to the officers of the Sales Tax Department at dealer’s business premises and provide all assistance to them to discharge their duties. • • • • • • inform their sales tax office of any changes in the details previously reported to the sales tax office. collect VAT on all sales at appropriate rates.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra The obligations of a registered dealer Following are the registration. maintain adequate records and retain them for a period of five years from the end of the tax year to which they relate.
The tax is payable to the State Government. the selling price of the goods and the tax on the sale. Example The following example shows how the VAT works through the chain from manufacturer to retailer. shopkeeper C buys some of the utensils and purchases packing.Explaining VAT How VAT works When a dealer sell goods. valid tax invoice is generally available as set-off (input.23 - . the sale price is made up of two elements. The tax payable on sales is to be calculated on the selling price. packages them and sells the packed utensils for the public.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Part 3 . material from vendor D. Company A buys iron ore and other consumables and manufactures stainless steel utensils. Partnership firm B buys the utensils in bulk from Company A and polishes them. tax credit) while discharging the tax liability on sales. . The tax paid on purchases supported by a.
600 .2. the total invoice value will be Rs.000 1.200 of 7. Sales polished stainless steel utensils Value added Partnership B is liable to pay V AT on Rs.80.85.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra (The sale and purchase figures shown in the example are excluding tax) Particulars Company A Cost of iron are and consumables Sales of unpolished stainless steel utensils Value added Company A is liable to pay VAT on Rs.000 30.000/-) Partnership B Purchases unpolished stainless steel utensils.000 6000 (2000) 4000 VAT @ 4% (Rs.50.000 Set off of tax paid on purchases (Rs.400 packing material) Net VAT amount to pay with the Return Vendor D Tax paid costs Sales Value Added Vendor D is liable to pay VAT on Rs.25.24 - .200 + Rs.) 2000 Shopkeeper C Purchases polished stainless steel utensils 1.56.80.000/.000 126.96.36.199.000 Value added 40.5.000 @ 4% Nil 5.000) 1200 Amount (Rs.tax as Rs.000 1.@ 4% Less Set Off Net VAT amount to pay with the Return (Note: Tax invoice issued by Company A will show sale price as Rs.25.000/.000 7.000 200 1.000 at 4% But can claim set off of tax paid on purchases Net VAT amount to pay with the Return 1.1.000 @ 4% 9.000 Sales 2.000 Total Purchases 188.8.131.52.000/-.200 (6.000 1.000 Packing material 5.50.00.6.000 Shopkeeper C is liable to pay V AT on Rs.) 50. Therefore.1.
600 1..Value Added Tax in Maharashtra The VAT due on the value added through the chain.200 4.000 is : The State Government received the tax in stages. 4% on Rs.2. i.e. The payments of tax were as follows: Par tic ula rs Su ppli ers of Co mp any A Co mp any A Par tne rshi pB Sh opk eep er C Ve ndo rD 200 1.000 2.000 Amount (Rs.) 9.25.25 - .000 .
Value Added Tax in Maharashtra
Tot al Thus, through a chain of tax on sale price and set off on purchase price, the cascading impact of tax is totally eliminated. 9,000
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Value Added Tax in Maharashtra
Since set-off of tax on purchases is given only on purchases from registered dealers where tax is collected separately, dealer’s purchases from unregistered dealers, imports, inter-state purchases and purchases from registered dealers without separate tax collection are not entitled to set-off. In practice, the tax is finally borne by the ultimate consumer, who is not a registered dealer, in this case, people who buy utensils from the shopkeeper C. Rates of value added tax There are two main rates of VAT 4% and 12.5%. The goods are grouped into five schedules as under: Schedule A B C D E Rate of tax 0% 1% 4% 20% and above 12.5% Illustrative Items Vegetables, milk, eggs, bread Precious metals and precious stones and their jewellery Raw materials, notified industrial inputs, notified information technology products and a few essential items Liquor, petrol, diesel etc Other than items specified in schedules A, B, C & D.
(The list is illustrative and not exhaustive. Please refer to the schedules for details)
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Value Added Tax in Maharashtra
Difference between tax free goods and exempt sales It is sometimes confusing to have goods that are tax free and sales that are exempt. Both result in no VAT being charged, so what is the difference? Tax free goods do not attract tax at any stage of sale or in any type of transaction, whereas, exempted sales are certain types of transactions, viz., export sales which are exempt from tax. Composition schemes Certain dealers may find it difficult to keep detailed records for claiming set-off. For such dealers, a simpler and optional method of accounting for VAT has been introduced. This method is the composition scheme. It may be noted that composition scheme is not meant to be a tax concession scheme but only a simplification of tax calculation and payment system. Tax payable by dealers opting for composition in lieu of VAT The following classes of dealers are eligible for option to pay tax under composition: • • Resellers selling at retail, i.e., to consumers, Restaurants, eating houses, hotel (excluding hotels having gradation of 'Four Star’ and above), refreshment rooms, boarding establishments, clubs and caterers, • • • • Bakers, Dealers in second-hand passenger motor vehicles and Works contractors Dealers engaged in the business of providing mandap, pandal, shamiana.
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he can do so only at the beginning of the next financial year. the Notification explains the methodology for computation of turnover liable to tax and the rate of composition payable. if the dealer has opted for payment of tax liability under composition. a new dealer can opt for composition at the time of registration. such an option can be exercised by the contractor on contract to contract basis. the tax liability has to be determined in terms of the guidelines given in the relevant Notification in this regard. Moreover. . If dealer wishes to switch. A dealer can opt for the composition option at the beginning of the financial year and has to continue to be a composition dealer at least till the end of that financial year.29 - . Apart from the terms and conditions governing each of the composition schemes.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Accordingly. over to normal VAT. In respect of works contract. However. the contractor can choose to discharge tax liability under composition option.
or the purchase price. should • • show separately. be accounted for in the period in which the appropriate entries are made in their books of accounts. of any goods is varied and either a credit note or a debit note is issued. order to calculate how much tax a dealer has to pay. within six months of the date of the sale. of the sale of goods. the turnover of purchases is the total of the amounts paid or payable (excluding VAT charged separately) in respect of the purchase of goods less (the amounts repaid to dealer in respect of goods they return. . within six months of the date of purchase. as the case may be.30 - . The second stage is to ascertain the amount of tax due for payment. the tax and the price.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Part 4 . Credit notes and debit notes.Calculating tax liability In. Calculating turnover of sales and purchases The turnover of sales is the total of the amounts received or receivable (excluding VAT charged separately) in respect. Similarly. less the amount refunded to a purchaser in respect of goods returned. If the sale price. then the credit note or the debit note. first determine his turnover of sales and turnover of purchases. he must.
charges for planning and designing. e. Supply of services is not liable to VAT. A works contract may involve the creation of immoveable property. The supply of food in a restaurant also includes an element of service. The rules provide a formula to enable them to calculate their turnover of sales for meals (food and beverages) which they provide. the • • • • • • • costs of labour and service charges. a factory or a bridge.31 - . a house. . water. and any architect's fees. such as. Works contracts are deemed sales where both. goods and services are provided in a transaction and cannot be separated. hiring charges for machinery and tools. gas and electricity. Some other examples of works contracts are photography. But the full amount charged is the sale price for the purposes of calculating turnover and tax. so that they may deduct it from the total contract price. then they must include in their turnover. repairs & maintenance etc. amount paid to sub-contractors. any profit element that relates to the supply of labour and services.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Special cases Auctioneers If dealer is an auctioneer. Works contracts VAT applies only to the sale of goods. cost of consumables. To calculate the amount a dealer should include it in their turnover of sales. Dealer’s administrative costs relating to labour and services and any other similar expenses.g. the price of the goods they auction for their principal Hotels There are special rules for hotels and other establishments that provide boarding and lodging for an inclusive amount.
a dealer may choose to discharge the liability arising on works contracts by referring to the table prescribed in the rules.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Alternatively.32 - . dealer should disregard the interest component included in the agreement. If the dealer finds that it is too complicated to calculate the deductions. Sales and purchases not liable to tax under VAT The VAT law specifically excludes from value added tax all imports. Similarly. the total of sales of goods that are tax free. If the hire-purchase agreement specifies the interest component then in calculating the sales price. dealer should start allocating their turnover of sales in the return period (net of the above deductions) to the rates of tax they have been charged. Point of levy in certain cases Hire purchase Where there is a hire purchase agreement or an agreement for sale by installments. the date of the sale is deemed to be the date of the delivery of goods. then they may opt for a composition scheme for any works contract. To calculate the tax due. Calculating the amount of VAT due on sales Dealer should also make some adjustments to the total turnover of sales to arrive at the amount on which tax is due. in lieu of the deductions as above. From the total sales one should deduct • • • • the total of exports and inter-State sales. This is despite the fact that legal ownership of the goods only passes to the buyer after payment of the final installment. the tax collected. exports and interstate transactions. . transactions that take place outside Maharashtra are not within the scope of MVAT Act. and branch / consignment transfers to locations in Maharashtra as well as other States. These transactions are covered by the CST Act.
(Not applicable to PSI dealers other than the New Package Scheme of Incentives for Tourism Projects. Dealer must. purchases of tax free goods. . but they may not have paid VAT on all their purchases. or o as packaging for tax-free goods.33 - . This gives the total of sales tax due. 1956). Calculating the turnover of purchases Records will provide the total figure. 1999 and also to manufacturers of tax-free sugar or fabrics covered by Entry A 45 and where such goods are sold in the course of export falling under section 5 of the CST Act. make some adjustments to this amount for. used o as fuel. local purchases from registered dealers not supported by tax invoice. Adjustments to tax available for set off • If dealer’s purchases include goods. inter-State purchases. this goods should be sold. however. Calculating the amount of set off due (VAT paid on purchases) This is the next stage of tax calculation. The information should be readily available from their records. At this stage VAT is charged on total purchases. direct purchases from exempted units under the Package Scheme of Incentives. They must now deduct the total value of • • • • • • • imports from out of India. or o for the manufacture of any tax-free goods. Then a dealer must calculate the value of those items and deduct tax @ 4% of the corresponding purchase price from the amount otherwise available for set off. and local purchased from unregistered dealers.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra They should also ensure that the correct tax rates are applied. The resulting figure represents purchases against tax invoices from registered dealers. in certain cases. consignment transfers. the full set off of the VAT paid on purchases is not available.
a dealer should reduce set-off otherwise entitled by an amount equal to 4% of the purchase price. • In respect of office equipment.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Similarly. if the goods are stock transferred by way of branch / consignment transfer to a place outside the State. . deduct tax @ 4% (1 % in respect of goods covered by Schedule B) of the corresponding purchase price from the amount otherwise available for set off. • If a dealer is the retailer of liquor vendor and its actual sale prices are less than the Maximum Retail Price. there is a special formula for calculating the amount of the adjustment.34 - . they must also deduct 36% of the amount from the set off otherwise available (4% of purchase price in respect of construction contracts for which they have been opted for payment of composition @ 5% on total contract value). • Where a dealer’s sales are less than 50 % of their gross receipts. • A dealer can not claim any set off for the tax paid on any purchases that remain unsold on the date when business discontinues. furniture or fixtures which have been treated as capital assets. and the tax invoices they have received. All this information should be available from their records. Dealer must also make further adjustments as follows: • If they have been used any goods (other than capital assets) as part of a works contract for which they have been opted for payment composition @ 8% on the total contract value. Effectively this means that. then they can claim set off only on those purchases of goods or packing materials effected in that year where the corresponding goods are sold within six months of the date of purchase or consigned within the said period to another State by way of stock transfers. if a dealer sells at 75% of the MRP then they can claim set off only to the extent of 75% of the tax paid. including tax invoices and bills or cash memorandum they have issued.
The amount of net tax payable is the total of sales tax collected on sales less the set-off available. crude oil. motor spirits. Outputs are CST sales which are taxable at the concessional rate of CST. Tax payable The amount of set-off admissible can be adjusted against tax payable. Manufactured goods or trading goods are transferred to branches outside the State or are sent on consignment transfers. then dealer’s return would reflect a balance refundable to the dealer.35 - . Outputs are export sales. The amount of set-off can be more than the tax payable for a variety of reasons. Refund cases If the amount of set-off admissible during the period is more than the amount of tax payable. such as • • • • • Inputs are taxable at higher rate as compared with the rate of tax on output. Conditions for claiming set off A dealer can claim set off only for VAT paid on purchase if they have a valid tax invoice for that transaction and they had maintain account of purchases showing the specified details. passenger motor vehicles. goods of incorporeal or intangible character other than those specified. Outputs are tax-free goods while inputs carry tax. building material used for construction etc. .Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Set off not available There are various items on which set-off is not available such as.
The dealer eligible to claim refund has to file refund application in Form 501. These units have to be certified by the Commissioner of Sales Tax. refund would be granted within one month from the receipt of Bank Guarantee or within three months from the date of receipt of refund application in Form . dealers are eligible to claim refund of such excess credit.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Apart from part of the admissible set-off which can remain unutilized. excess credit can be on account of: • • • unutilised portion of tax deducted at source or refund payment order or ad-hoc payment made is more than tax payable. Specified class of dealers and the dealers who have made a sale in the course of interState trade or commerce and in the return he has shown any amount to be refundable are eligible to claim refund in each of the returns filed by them. Normally. dealers have been classified under two categories viz. Whatever may be the reason for credit in excess of tax due and payable during a tax period. An Entitlement Certificate holder availing of the benefit of Package Scheme of Incentives (PSI). Full amount of excess credit can be claimed as refund due for the return period. The application has to be filed with the Refund Branch. a) specified class of dealers and b) other dealers Refund to specified class of dealers Specified classes of dealers are : • • • Exporters exporting out of the country or dealers selling to an exporter against form H.36 incentives under the . A unit set-up in SEZ or STP or EHTP or a 100% EOU unit. The Refund Branch may ask for Bank Guarantee and any relevant information for checking correctness of refund claimed. For the purpose of granting refund.
Refund to other dealers Other dealers are not eligible to get refund in each of the return filed. They are required to carry forward excess credit to the next return within the same financial year and claim refund of excess credit in the return for the period ending March. refund would be granted within six months of the end of the year to which the return relates. Interest on delayed refund No interest is payable on the refund due to a dealer as per returns filed by a dealer. the audit team will check dealer’s eligibility to claim refund and the correctness of the amount of refund claimed by them. Normally.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra 501. During the course of the audit. refunds made against Bank Guarantee would be taken up for audit after the refund has been granted. refund would be granted within six months to the new dealer’s at the end of the year succeeding the said year. Simple interest at the rate of 6% per year would be payable for the period from the due date to the date of refund. The dealer claiming refund in March return has to make refund application in Form 501. Some tips for getting timely refund . Audit of refund claims The refund granted to dealer would be subject to audit by the Refund Audit Section. whichever is later. if granting of refund is delayed beyond the above mentioned periods. or as the case may be. The application has to be filed with the Refund Section. dealer is eligible for interest for delayed payment. The audit may be taken up before granting the refund or after the refund is granted. Normally. the date of receipt of the additional information. However. However.37 - .
. but they file a monthly return.38 - .Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Dealer’s claim of refund would be processed faster if: • • • • • • • • They had filed the return with the Returns branch as per the prescribed time schedule. The amount of refund due to them should be computed correctly. Thus. The return filed by the dealer’s should be correct. In order to be eligible for refund. they would have to file a quarterly return. They should file the return for a period for which they are required to file. They should keep ready all the documents and records for audit. then the refund would not be granted for the monthly return. if they are required to file a quarterly return. They should have promptly furnished Bank Guarantee and other details when called for. complete and self-consistent. Refund application in Form 501 is filed with the Refunds branch in time. They should have claimed refund as per the appropriate periodicity.
they are also required to file the return in the local office of the Sales Tax Department. However. then they should first pay such amount in Government Treasury and file the return in the local office of Sales Tax Department along with a self attested copy of the chalan. where any amount of tax including interest or penalty is due as per a fresh or revised return. As such. PSI dealers holding Entitlement Certificate (Transactions by PSI dealers relating to the business of execution of works contracts. they are also required to pay the tax due as per the return filed.39 - . Further.Filing a return and paying the tax VAT is a self-assessment system and dealer’s are expected to make self assessment for a given tax period and declare their VAT liability by filing returns. Form No.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Part 5 . filing of returns along-with payment of tax on or before the due date at the notified bank would be considered as sufficient compliance. dealers engaged in leasing business. PSI 222 dealers and notified Oil Companies. leasing and dealers opting for composition only for part of 224 the activity of the business. In Maharashtra. 221 To Be Used By All VAT dealers other than dealers executing works contract. composition dealers (including dealers opting for composition only for part of the activity of the business). VA T dealers who are also in the business of executing works contracts. return form is return-cum-chalan. If no payment is due or a refund is claimed as per the return. The returns have to be filed in the prescribed form and by the specified dates. . All composition dealers whose entire turnover is under composition (excluding works contractors opting for composition and dealers 223 opting for composition only for part of the activity of the business). Return forms The return forms prescribed are as follows.
Time schedule for filing returns Periodicity of filing returns is as follows: • • • Retailers who have opted for composition should file six-monthly returns. Further. leasing and composition only for part of the activity of the business to be included in a separate return in Form 223).40 - . frading and composition only for part of the activity of the 225 business to be included in a separate return in Form 223). they must ensure that all the columns of the return are duly filled in and are clearly legible. complete and self-consistent. All package scheme dealers should file quarterly returns. The return filed by them must be correct. purchases. Newly registered dealers should file quarterly returns until the end of the year in which they first register. Notified Oil Companies (Transactions by OIL Companies relating to the business of execution of works contracts. A dealer can refer to the instructions given in the form before filling the return. Please ensure that the return for a tax period covers all the transactions of sales. . If a particular column is not relevant. branch transfers received.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra leasing. branch transfers made etc. please do not leave it blank but mention" not applicable".
At the same time.10lakh) should file six-monthly returns.OO.OOOj.(Rs. o Dealers whose tax liability in the previous year was more.10lakh) or whose entitlement for refund was more than Rs.OOOj. it will be deemed not to have filed the return within the time allowed.(Rs1crore) should file monthly returns.OO.l.(Rs.000. than Rs. The department will issue this defect notice within four months of receiving their return. If they fail to do so. and self-consistent in every respect. then the dealer’s will be advised and invited to submit a fresh return.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra • All other dealers should file returns as given below :o Dealers whose tax liability in the previous year was less than Rs. as the department issues the defect notice.10. dealers will be sent a 'show cause' notice. If this check reveals discrepancies.00. explaining that a penalty may be imposed.1lakh) or whose entitlement for refund was less than Rs.000.10. Then they should file their fresh return within 30 days of the notice.41 - .00.(Rs.1. Filing and payment dates for return-cum-chalan are as follows: Return Frequency Monthly Quarterly Six Monthly Filing / Payment date 21 days from the end of the return period 21 days from the end of the return period 21 days from the end of the return period Scrutiny of returns filed The return filed by the dealer should be correct. and will so liable to a penalty charge.00. complete. . The Sales Tax Office will check the return to ensure that there are no obvious errors in consistencies or contradictions in calculations. o All other dealers should file quarterly returns.
a unilateral (ex-parte) assessment order would be passed.payment of tax due Failure to file returns Delay in filing returns Knowingly furnishing false returns Filing of incorrect or incomplete or inconsistent returns Consequences for filing a return.payment / non. complete and self-consistent and should also pay differential tax due. complete and selfconsistent Each of the returns filed by them is checked to confirm that the same is correct.42 - . • • • • • Short. In case the return is defective. Failure to comply with the notice would be construed as non-filing of return and consequently. The return filed by them in response to defect notice is termed as Fresh Return and the dealer should indicate so on the return in the space provided for the same. . Fresh return rectifying the defects has to be filed within the time limit specified in the defect notice.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Offences relating to filing of returns and payment of tax The following are the offences liable for interest / penalty / prosecution etc. it is required to file fresh return which is correct. if any. On receipt of the notice. which is not correct. complete and self-consistent. a defect notice is issued by the Returns Branch pointing out the error or the omission.
Paying the tax due All the dealer’s or the person must file their return and should pay the tax due. Revised return Subsequent to filing the return. then can ask to their local sales tax office. a unilateral assessment without giving them a notice will be made. The bank will give them an acknowledgement of the receipt of their return and payment. in addition to any tax and interest that may be due. if any. then they should pay the balance amount which is due now. then they should indicate it on the return form in the space provided for the same. This unilateral assessment order is non-appealable. which is liable to a penalty. whichever is earlier.43 - . then they can file a revised return before expiry of eight months from the end of the financial year to which the return relates or before a notice for assessment is served. . For this purpose they should file application in Form 304 and submit to Returns Branch. In case the return filed by them is a revised return. If there is any doubt that where to file the return and pay the tax due. then they are committing an offence and. and the tax due exceeds the amount which they had paid when submitted earlier form. in case dealer notices any error or omission. Such return should be accompanied by payment of tax and interest. they can get this assessment order cancelled only by filing the return and paying the tax and interest due as per the return.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Failure to file a return If dealer’s fails to file a return within the time allowed. If they are required to file a revised return. However. in a bank that is authorized to accept the return. As no return has been filed by them.
Date of application.e. But dealer apply late for registration i.. Example 2 If turnover exceeds the threshold on 1st November.e. the period 10th December to 31st December). Example 1 The turnover exceeds the threshold on 1st November. and the registration is granted on l0th December. Filing of returns in special cases The first return for the newly registered dealer is for the period up to the end of the quarter containing the date of its registration. The return filed by them to correct any error or omission. April to 31st December. which is granted on 30th November and the date of effect is 1st November. and the second return is for the quarter ending following 31st March.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra The various types of returns and their description have been summarised as under: Type Of Return Original Fresh Revised Description The return filed by the dealer originally along with the payment in the bank. .44 - . on 10th December. The first return is for the quarter ended 31st December covering the period 1st. The first return is due for the quarter ending on 31st December (covering. then the date of effect registration is 10th December i. The return filed by the dealer after the department issues a defect notice. Then they should apply for registration. .
. Dealer under the Package Scheme of Incentives If dealer’s hold a Certificate of Entitlement granting an exemption from payment of tax or deferment of payment of tax. that is. file a quarterly return. before 15th December. for the period from the first day of the quarter in which the event occurs to the date the Certificate of Entitlement ceases. then dealer must file: • • a quarterly return. If a dealer closes the business on 15th November. They must continue to file quarterly return till the Certificate of Entitlement remains valid. in form 224. When the validity of the Certificate of Entitlement ends. The return should be filed within one month. in Form 224. transfer or sell the business. the period 1st October to 15th November.45 - . last return was for the quarter ending 30th September. and a quarterly return. in form 221 or 222 or 223 as the case may be. for the remainder of that financial year. then their final return will be for.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Filing of return in case of cancellation of registration Dealer’s registration may be cancelled if they discontinue. it should be for the unit which is eligible for the incentives. Example If dealer’s file the returns quarterly and their. the period and frequency of the returns will be determined on the basis of the tax liability or entitlement for refund of the preceding financial year. They may also choose to cancel their registration if their turnover falls below the threshold limit. For succeeding years.
e. if any. If they desire to file separate returns for separate places / divisions.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Filing multiple returns Dealers are required to file a single return at its principal place of business for all its businesses or places of business.. . Tax deduction at source by an employer in a works contract The works contractor is obliged to pay the tax on the works contracts executed by him. complete and self-consistent returns are filed at all the locations in the State. However. The tax amount so deducted and paid to the Government treasury IS considered as a payment made on behalf of the works contractor. The employer is required to deposit this tax and issue a certificate of tax deduction at source in the prescribed format based on which the works contractor is allowed to take the credit of the same while discharging his tax liability. the notified person who has engaged the works contractor is obliged to deduct tax at the specified rate from the amount payable to the works contractor.46 - . then they must apply for Form 211 for permission to file multiple returns. Dealer should ensure that correct. excluding the amount of tax. the employer i. separately charged or service tax levied by the contractor.
A dealer should maintain the following records: • • to identify the nature and value of goods purchased and sold. o local purchases. interstate sales & exports. this department will not expect them to keep any special records for VAT purposes. the records that they do keep should have sufficient details to enable them to correctly calculate the amount of VAT due for payment and file their return.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Part 6 . purchases.Records and accounts Keeping records Proper records are an essential part of effective management and control of their business. If Sales Tax Office happens to find that their records are not properly maintained. This will also help them to correctly quantify their tax liability or refunds. Nature of records Normally. informing dealers about what records they must keep. Dealers are required by law to keep a true and accurate account of the transactions effected by them. but only if they have the permission of the Commissioner of Sales Tax. distinguish between o local sales. at their place of business. interstate purchase & imports. then they will issue a notice. However. If they wish to keep them at a different location they may do so. sales and deliveries of goods. They should keep all their accounts. . registers and documents relating to their stocks of goods. as the case may be.47 - .
include a summary of VAT paid separately on purchases. and bills or cash memoranda. the name. they must issue a tax invoice. they must issue a bill or cash memorandum only and not a tax invoice. However. o rate-wise purchases & sales.48 - . For sales made to consumers and unregistered dealers. • • • • record payments for the purchases and sale of goods in cash book / bank book. or a bill or cash memorandum. address and registration number (TIN). be supported by invoices for all goods purchased. . Tax invoices and memoranda of sales or purchases As a registered dealer. and copies of invoices.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra • indicate value of o sale and purchase of tax free goods. dealers name. issued for goods sold. o purchases from URD. VAT charged on sales. The tax invoice must contain: • • • • • • • the words 'Tax invoice'. contain adequate proof that goods have been exported or imported. address and the registration number of the purchaser. serial number of the invoice. Failure to issue a tax invoice or a bill or cash memorandum may result in a penalty. date of issue. rate and the amount of the tax charged and indicated separately. the quantity and price of the goods sold. if a dealer is a composition dealer other than a works contractor. description of the goods. they should issue a tax invoice when they sell goods to another registered dealer and charge VAT. o sales exempted from tax. VAT paid to the State treasury and VAT refundable / refunded to the dealers. o local purchases from registered dealer with VAT shown separately. printed in bold letters at the top or at a prominent place.
it must contain: • • • • • • • • words 'Bill / cash memorandum'.49 - . And it must also be signed either by dealer or by someone who is authorized by the dealer. . serial number of the bill / cash memorandum. the quantity and price of the goods sold. description of the goods. purchases. printed in bold letters at the top or at a prominent place. the records pertaining to that period should be retained till the proceedings reach finality. However. And it must also be signed either by dealer or by someone who is authorized by the dealer. If a dealer issues a bill or cash memorandum. date of issue. Retention of records A dealer must keep all their records including tax invoices / bill / cash memorandum.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra • prescribed declaration regarding validity of the registration and payment of tax. if a dealer is 'a composition dealer (other then works contractor) then the words Composition Dealer at the top of the bill / cash memorandum. in case any legal proceedings are pending. sales. deliveries and payments made or received for the purchase or sale of goods for a minimum of five years from the end of the year to which they relate. relating to their stock of goods. the name and address of the purchaser. prescribed declaration' regarding validity of the registration and payment of tax. address and registration number (TIN). dealers name.
The Chartered Accountant's audit report. then they must have their books of accounts audited by a practicing chartered accountant.50 - . . it may commit an offence and will be liable to a penalty. If they fail to submit the audit report to the Sales Tax Department within the prescribed time. to be made on Form 704 and it must be submitted within 8 months from the end of the financial year. or if they hold a license for the manufacture or sale of liquor. they may require dealer to produce all their books of accounts. then they may be liable to a penalty. If a dealer fails to comply with such a requirement.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Independent audit of accounts by a Chartered Accountant If dealers’ annual turnover of sales exceeds Rs.40lakhs. Production and inspection of accounts and documents If the concerned sales tax authorities have reason to believe that there may have been attempts to evade the payment of tax.
cross check of transactions and initiate corrective actions. if necessary. This audit is independent from the audit by a Chartered Accountant. Based on such examination and pre-determined criteria. A dealer who consistently and regularly complies with the VAT law and files correct.Business Audit Business Audit is a new function of the Sales Tax Department. cases selected for audit will include those dealers – • • • who file its returns late in whose case they have reason to believe that the return may not be correct or a detailed scrutiny is necessary chosen randomly. The aim of Business audit is to encourage the highest possible level of voluntary compliance in a system of self-assessment. Generally. not an activity of enforcement for search and seizure at dealers' business premises. complete and self consistent returns will normally not be selected for audit.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Part 7 . Business Audit is however. It aims to ensure optimum revenue collection and voluntary compliance. . The returns filed by the dealers will be examined for discrepancies. The selection of audit cases will be by exception rather than as a rule. Selection for audit The main purpose of an audit is to ensure tax compliance. on the basis of certain criteria. This will be conducted by the Sales tax officials ordinarily at the dealer's place of business. some dealers will be selected for audit.51 - . Objectives of Business Audit The objective of a Business audit is to close any possible gap between the tax declared by' a dealer and the tax legally due.
The audit may result in additional tax demand or a refund. .Value Added Tax in Maharashtra The Business Audit Process If any of the dealers business is selected for an audit. Results of the audit If the audit shows that the returns filed do not reflect the true picture of the dealers business. The audit officer cannot remove any books of accounts or documents from their premises. At that time dealer should make available any information or documents that he may require to enable him to carry out the audit effectively and speedily. then Sales Tax Office will inform them and then fix a suitable date. audit officer can request for copies. The audit officer will inspect the books of accounts and supporting documents. However. then the auditor may discuss the matter with the dealer and will give guidance to them to prevent recurrence and will also explain them about what action should be followed. The audit officer may like to understand dealer’s business process and examine their stocks of goods.52 - . He may also like to interview the person or its employees for this.
it may conduct investigation of the business including search and seizure operations at any time without giving notice. However. they may also impose a penalty. if the dealer disagrees with the findings of the auditor. the Sales Tax Department will make Business Audit visits by appointment. Investigation Normally. the auditor will issue a notice explaining the additional demand.53 - . Normally. .Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Additional tax demand If any additional tax is due. then they should file a revised return along-with the payment of tax. They may follow the timelines as prescribed for completion of assessments under the MVAT Act and MVAT Rules. Time limit for audit There is no time limit prescribed for conducting Business Audit. The assessment order will also include interest due from the date they should have paid the tax to the date of the assessment. they may carry out an audit within two years of filing the return. then they may proceed to assess their case and issue an assessment order unless they are able to provide evidence and convince the audit officer not to assess them for additional demand. In addition. They should pay the dues as per the assessment order or they may prefer an appeal against this order. However. if the department suspects any tax evasion. Such investigation will be carried out by a duly authorized investigation officer (not audit officer). If the dealer accepts the additional demand shown.
Also. The Tribunal The Tribunal consists of equal number of judicial and technical members. or a Joint or Additional Commissioner issues the order.) If the dealer is not satisfied with the decision of the departmental appellate authority. There are two appeal bodies. dealer’s appeal will be. the first is the departmental appeal officers and the second is the Maharashtra Sales Tax Tribunal ('Tribunal'). They can also file an appeal against any other order passed in their case. However. where the Commissioner. (The order will show the designation of the officer. Appeal bodies Normally.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Part 8 . then they may make a second appeal to the Tribunal. its appeal is directly to the Tribunal.Appeals A dealer may appeal against an assessment order if they do not agree with the amount assessed. senior ex-officers of the Sales Tax Department. in the first instance. Appeals cannot be filed against certain interlocutory proceedings or orders. to the departmental appellate authority. they can not appeal against an unilateral assessment order passed as a consequence of non filing of returns.54 - . They may also appeal against an order for the charging of interest or the imposition of a penalty. . The latter are ordinarily.
Before making an appeal. dealer must pay a fee through a challan in Form 210. In all other cases.vat. within 60 days of the date of service of the order against which they are appealing. They can get a copy of the form from the local sales tax office or can download it from the Sales Tax Department website www.gov. Application to stay the order In case dealers prefer as an appeal against an order of demand. If the amount involved in their appeal is one lakh rupees or more.in A dealer must make sure that the form is fully and correctly completed.1000/-. Appeal rejected If the dealer’s appeal is rejected on the ground of non-attendance.1%) of the amount in dispute. The appellate authority will take appropriate decision. then their appeal will be rejected.55 - . then they may apply for stay an order to the extent of any amount to be paid by the appellant pending disposal of their appeal. then they will be advised and given an opportunity to correct them.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Filing an appeal Dealer’s appeal must be made. . using Form 310.maharashtra. it again within 30 days for the restoration of the appeal citing sufficient reasons. subject to a maximum of Rs. the fee is Rs. If there are any mistakes or omissions. the fee is one tenth of a percent (0. then they may apply. Dealer must make their said application on Form 311 which can be simultaneously filed along-with the appeal.100/-. If again they fail to do so.
place and time of the appeal hearing (unless they request an earlier hearing). .56 - . If the dealer is not satisfied with the appeal officer's decision. And they must pay the appropriate fee through a challan in Form 210. Dealer may present their case and evidence before the Tribunal through their legal representative. The hearing may be adjourned or postponed upon the dealer’s request if deemed fit by the appellate authority. then they may file a second appeal within 60 days to be heard by the Tribunal Appeal to Tribunal Dealer should file their appeal to the Tribunal in Form 310. The Appeal hearing At the appeal hearing. then the appellate authority will give them a minimum of 10 days' notice of the date.will be given an opportunity to explain their reasons for making the appeal and to support their case by producing evidence. the Tribunal will pass appropriate order confirming or modifying the order under appeal or remanding the case for fresh order to the lower authority with appropriate directions. taking care to ensure that they provide all the information relevant to their appeal as required by the form. After considering their arguments and evidence.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Appeal accepted If dealer’s appeal is admitted. dealer and legal adviser if any together . the appeal officer will confirm or modify the order under appeal. After examining their arguments and evidence. The proceedings before the Tribunal will be similar to those outlined above.
If the dealer. are not satisfied with the decision of the Tribunal and believe that the disagreement involves a substantial question of law. If the dealer fails to attend the hearing by the Tribunal. there are two important differences: 1. especially on points of facts. 2. But they must demonstrate that. subject only to an appeal to the High Court if the case involves a substantial question of law.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra In addition. Appeal to the High Court Dealer may appeal to the High Court within 120 days of receiving the order from the Tribunal. such filing of an appeal to the high court shall not affect their liability for payment of tax / claim of refund as per the order of the Tribunal. then they had made the appeal without further delay. Late appeals A late appeal may be admitted provided that they have a good reason for not making the appeal within the time allowed. or the department. A statement setting out in detail the point(s) of law to be decided must accompany the appeal memo. The decision of the Tribunal is final. However. The Tribunal has the discretionary power to award costs. an appeal can be filed before the High Court. . having become aware that their appeal was late. then they will be liable to such costs as the Tribunal may award.57 - .
However. if the dealer is a senior citizen aged 75 years and over.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Priority hearings for senior citizens Appeals are normally heard keeping in view the two criteria of the age of the appeal and the stakes involved. . then they may apply (using Form 313) for priority to be given to the hearing of their appeal.58 - .
The Sales Tax Department would appreciate the dealer’s feedback on the usefulness of the advisory visit. the Sales Tax Department is trying to ensure that the dealer do not incur any penalties or interest by failing to comply with the legal requirements of being a registered dealer. and timely. Advisory visits In case of a newly registered dealer.59 - .Tax Payer Services Sales Tax Office expects from the dealer to comply with the law and fulfill their obligations to pay their taxes correctly. . The advisory visit team will also verify the details submitted by the dealer at the time of registration. Dealer can also use this opportunity to get their queries. file their return and pay their tax correctly. claim set-off. Dealers are expected to make available the necessary information and documents at the time of the visit. Sales Tax Office will provide certain services and facilities to help the dealer in this regard. The Sales Tax Department will then contact them to arrange a visit to the dealer’s place of business at a convenient time. By providing such information. doubts clarified.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Part 9 . The purpose of the advisory visit is to ensure that the dealer understand how to maintain books of accounts. Dealer’s valued suggestions / input will help the Sales Tax Office to improve their system and will serve the dealer better. an advisory visit will follow shortly after the dealer receives their new VAT Registration Certificate. Some of the important ones are listed below.
00 1.00 1.00 3. form F will be issued on a monthly basis. . to the dealers registered within the jurisdiction of the concerned registration office. Form I will be issued to the SEZ units from the office of the Commissioner of SEZ.No. The Dealer has to submit an application in the prescribed format for supply of statutory forms along with the 'Statement of Requirement' which is available in every Sales Tax Office or can be downloaded from the Sales Tax Office website www.in Dealers will be issued the requisite number of forms on payment of the following fees by way of court fee stamps only: SR.Type of Form 1C 2F 3H 4E-I 5E-II Fee per form (Rs.gov.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Central Repository for Issuance of Statutory Forms A Central Repository has been set up in every Sales Tax Office having Registration branch.60 - . However.00 3.) 3.vat. Each Central Repository issues various statutory forms prescribed under the CST Act.maharashtra. However.00 The statutory forms will be issued on a quarterly basis only after the transactions of the said quarter are completed.
If the dealer disagrees with the commissioner's ruling.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra TINXSYS Tax Information Exchange System (TINXSYS) is a centralized exchange of all CST dealers spread across various States and Union territories of India. TINXSYS can be used by any dealer to verify authenticity of his counter part dealer in any other State. the price on which tax is payable.61 - . whether a particular transaction is a sale. However. An illustrative list of such questions is given below: • • • • • whether a person is liable to be registered as dealer. question. Determination of disputed questions If the dealer wants to find out the correct interpretation on certain issues related to the taxation matter. dealer can not apply for determination of disputed. also dealer may apply to the commissioner for determination of the particular question. whether set off can be claimed in a particular transaction. . The TINXSYS will also help the States in cross checking the interstate transactions on a real time basis. Dealer will be given an opportunity to present their case before the Commissioner makes an order. then they may appeal to the Tribunal against the order. The pilot phase of TINXSYS has commenced and the Maharashtra Sales Tax Department is an active partner in the system. what is the rate of tax on a particular commodity. if the Sales Tax Department has commenced assessment proceedings or if the case is pending in appeal.
status of any pending proceedings.62 - . Service Cell The service cell meetings are held at the Head Quarters in Mumbai once in every quarter. periods for which Sales Tax Office have made al1 assessment. Sales Tax Office will provide the same within 15 days of their request. The Website (www. and any amounts of tax outstanding and due for payment. The website has been divided into five sections as under: What's new? Dealer will get all the latest notifications / circulars that are issued by the Sales Tax Department in this section. Dealer should apply for a certificate using Form 414.vat.in) Sales Tax Office has developed a Website for serving all the dealers or person in a more efficient and faster way. Dealer can actively participate and can provide their valuable feedback / suggestions during these meetings. Sales Tax Office will issue the certificate based on the dealer’s record. It will show the • • • • • periods for which dealer have filed returns.gov.maharashtra. . periods for which dealer has not filed a return.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Tax clearance certificates If dealer wishes to apply for a tax clearance certificate.
This section also contains the information as required by the Right to Information Act. contains general information on the Sales Tax Department such as statistical information with regard to the. also includes the notifications and Circulars issued under the MV AT Acts as well as earlier Acts. Knowledge Center This section is a repository of the MVAT Act & MVAT Rules and. The web links menu of this section connects dealers to the relevant important websites including the websites of other States Sales Tax Department. Dealer may also be able to post their valuable feedback / suggestions. . Communication Centre This section facilitates the communication process wherein dealer can post their queries. Dealer can also obtain various declaration forms as prescribed under the Central Sales Tax Act.63 - . Tax Payer Services This section contains the soft copies (downloadable format) of the forms that have been prescribed.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra General Information This section. through online requisition of these forms. tax collection location of all their offices in the State. Dealer can find out their Tax Identification Number (TIN) and also TIN of other dealers by using various search criterion.
If this dealer does not pay the tax that he has declared. . Offences and Penalties Recovery of unpaid tax VAT is a self-assessed tax. officials of the Sales Tax Department may call for the records from the defaulting dealer to examine and obtain the necessary details.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Part 10 .64 - . Attachment proceedings The department may also recover the amounts due by attaching the defaulting dealer's moveable or immoveable property under the provisions of Maharashtra Land Revenue Code. interest or penalties remain unpaid. In order to operate effectively. If necessary. And so. interest is payable in addition to the tax due.Recovery. the self-assessment system relies on the expectation that every dealer will deal with his tax matters promptly and honestly. the department may issue an attachment notice to the dealer's bank and to his debtors. there is a system designed to recover unpaid tax and to deter dealers from trying to avoid paying tax. Attachment of Bank Account Where any tax. The self-assessment return requires the dealer to pay the tax due at the time of submission of the return. But there will be occasions when a dealer does not pay the tax that is due. or if only pays a part of the tax due.
65 - . The VAT law outlines a number of offences and the financial and other consequences that follow. In addition. issues any document (including bills. produces false accounts. registers or documents or provides false information. files a false return. He may be liable for criminal proceedings including imposition of fine . it will initiate prosecution proceedings through police. keeps false account of the value of goods bought or sold. are as follows: If a person • • • • • poses as a registered dealer when they not registered. interest and penalties plus any costs incurred in the attachment proceedings.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra If the department is still unable to recover the amounts of tax. vouchers or any other certificate or declaration) which the dealer knows or has reason to believe is false. Offences The principal offences. cash memoranda. interest will be charged on any tax paid late at the rate of 15% per year. each of which has been referred to in the text of this guide.
Dealer will be liable to a fine and may also face prosecution. bill or cash memorandum.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra In addition. keeps proper accounts. files a return. If the dealer: • • transfers any assets of his business with the intention of not paying tax. when required. provides information about changes to his business. get his accounts audited. dealer is committing an offence and if he fails to • • • • • • • • • register when his turnover exceeds the. In these circumstances. provides to Sales Tax Department the PAN allotted to the business. or fails to respond to a notice requiring him to provide statistical information. declares the name of the manager. the dealer may be prosecuted and a fine may also be imposed. There are two other events that may also give rise to a penalty. when required to do so by the Sales Tax authorities because the existing records are inadequate. threshold. Financial penalties or fines There are various financial penalties.66 - . each depending on the nature of the offence: . produce his accounts for inspection. when required issues a tax invoice.
within the time allowed.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Tax related Some offences attract a maximum penalty in proportion to the amount of tax due. whichever is higher. If the dealer’s return is not correct.plus a continuing daily penalty of Rs. the penalty is Rs.5.000/-.000/-.although there is also a provision for some offences to attract a penalty of Rs. complete and self-consistent. If dealer files the return late but before any penalty proceedings have started.100/- .000/.67 - . issues or produces a documents.2. the Tribunal or the Sales Tax authorities may impose a fine. the penalty will be reduced to Rs1.1.000/-. false tax invoices. that results in a person or dealer not paying the correct amount of tax The penalty is an amount equal to the tax due. but this is without prejudice to any other penalties that may be imposed.100/-. after the issue of summons. including tax invoice.2. bill or cash memorandum. the dealer fails to attend any proceedings or to produce books of account. the maximum penalty is an amount equal to half of the tax under assessed or Rs. not exceeding Rs. the penalty is Rs1. Non Tax Related Penalties If the dealer fails to file a return.000/. Most other offences attract a penalty of Rs.000/-. registers or documents. If the dealer: • • conceals or misclassifies any transaction or provides inaccurate information or claims a set off in excess of the amount due or. If the dealer avoids paying the correct amount of tax as a result of issuing bogus. If.
that are imposed. . Sales Tax Authority may issue a demand notice containing details of tax.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Payment of Penalty or Fine As a result of proceedings.68 - . investigation. interest and penalties. The dealer should pay the amount due within 30 days of the date of the order. such as audit.. if any. assessment etc. Dealer should make the payment using Form 210 through the bank where he normally files his return.
69 - . dealers engaged in leasing business. Application for cancellation of Registration Certificate. Return-cum-chalan for Notified Oil Companies. composition dealers (including dealers opting for composition only for part of the activity of the business). Return-cum-chalan for VAT dealers who are also in the business of executing works contracts. No. 2002. Return-cum-chalan for PSI dealers holding Entitlement Certificate. Return-cum-chalan for all composition dealers whose entire turnover is under composition (excluding works contractors opting for composition and dealers opting for composition only 6 223 for part of the activity of the business). (Transactions by OIL Companies relating to the business of execution of works contracts. (Transactions by PSI dealers relating to the business of execution of works contracts. leasing and dealers opting for composition only for part of the activity of the 7 224 business. PSI dealers and 5 222 notified Oil Companies. leasing and composition only for part of the . Chalan in respect of payment made otherwise than with return by a dealer under the MVAT Act. trading and composition only for part of the activity of the business to be 8 225 included in a separate return in Form 223). 1 2 3 4 Form Number 101 103 210 221 Subject Application for Registration under the MV AT Act.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Appendix 1 List of important forms referred to in the Guide Sr. 2002 Return-cum-chalan for all VAT dealers other than dealers executing works contract. leasing.
interest or fine Application for tax clearance certificate. Application for cancellation of assessment order under section (1) of section 23 of the Maharashtra Value Added Tax Act. Appeal against an order of assessment. Application for refund under sub-section (1) of section 51 of the Maharashtra Value Added Tax Act. interest. penalty. . 10 11 12 13 14 310 311 414 501 704 2002.70 - .Value Added Tax in Maharashtra activity of the business. to be inc1uded in a separate return in 9 304 Form 223). Audit report under section 61 of the Maharashtra Value Added Tax Act. 2002. 2002. penalty or fine. Application for grant of stay against order of assessment.
71 - . Palghar. Satara. Akola.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra List of Sales Tax Offices in the State of Maharashtra There are total 40 Sales Tax Office located all over the Maharashtra. Amaravati (Division). Solapur. Pune (Division). Wardha. Nasik (Division). Ahmednagar. Kalyan. Thane (Division). Nalasopara. Bandra. Raigad (Division). Nagpur (Division). Sangli. Ratnagiri. Kolhapur (Division). Out which some of them are in: Mumbai (Head Quarters). Aurangabad (Division). and many more… .
Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Conclusion .72 - .
google.Value Added Tax in Maharashtra Bibliography 1.com 3.tax4india. 2. www.gov.in .com 4. www.vat.maharashtra. www.73 - . Value Added Tax – By Sales Tax Department.
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