London 2012 Sustainability Plan | Low Carbon Economy | Global Warming

London 2012 Sustainability Plan 2nd Edition December 2009

Towards a one planet 2012

1

2

Contents

Introduction Climate change Waste Biodiversity Inclusion Healthy living Cross-cutting themes Partnerships and outreach Governance and reporting Annex A – London 2012 Sustainability Policy Annex B – From One Planet Living® to legacy promises Annex C – Background documents and more information Annex D – Measuring the London 2012 carbon footprint

5 15 33 41 47 57 67 77 87 93 95 96 98

3

4 .

1 To find out more visit oneplanetliving. if everyone lived as we do in the UK we would need three planets’ worth of resources to support us. this recognises that as a global society. This will be achieved in several ways: by pioneering new approaches to sustainability. particularly east London − sustainability and protecting the world we live in − how everyone participates in and engages with the Games − how cities host the Olympic and Paralympic Games The year 2012 is globally significant. and a legacy which maximises the economic. influencing our supply chain to adopt more sustainable practices. media and communications.’ This was the vision and promise made to the IOC by the London 2012 Games bid.Introduction The London 2012 vision is: ‘to use the power of the Games to inspire change’. the planning of 2012 Games operations. The Olympic Games and Paralympic Games are truly extraordinary festivals of human endeavour and achievement. These historic events draw attention to how important it is that collectively we strive to achieve our 2012 Games sustainability commitments. social and environmental benefits of the 2012 Games to Londoners and the UK. hosting the Games gives us the chance to demonstrate excellence through the planning. This document sets out how sustainability is being incorporated into the design and construction of venues and infrastructure. both directly and through inspiring changes in behaviour among people across the world. Today. everyone involved in the Games will help to change: − people’s lives − levels of sport participation − attitudes to disability − the communities across London. The London 2012 vision is: ‘to use the power of the Games to inspire change’. inspiring new standards of sustainability in the construction. The London 2012 sustainability story is guided by the theme of ‘Towards a one planet Olympics’. ‘The first sustainable Olympic and Paralympic Games. As the most high-profile event in the world. In addition. Whether as athletes. While consumption and pollution vary significantly between territories. we are living beyond the regenerative capacity of our planet. do business and travel could help us to live happy and healthy lives. and it is hoped that a new path forward will then begin to mitigate global climate change and initiate adaptation strategies. the 2012 Games will provide an opportunity to show off the best that the host city and nation have to offer. staging and the legacy of benefits that they create. and transferring our learning and knowledge. 2012 may be the year for the next Earth Summit. By showing how changes in the way we build. changing people’s behaviour through the power of sponsorship. live. This is the year that the Kyoto Protocol is set to expire. Our approach acknowledges that we must live within a fair share of the earth’s resources. spectators or simply supporters. Derived from the WWF/BioRegional concept of One Planet Living®1. events and hospitality sectors. work. Sustainability underpins the entire London 2012 programme. play. they have the power to inspire us and help take the sustainability agenda to new heights. the 2012 Games will set an example for how sustainable events and urban planning take place around the world in future. within the resources available to us.org 5 .

sharing the same offices in Canary Wharf and sharing the designation as ‘London 2012’. London’s 2012 Games bid was based on an ambitious vision – to use the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games to make a real change in London. cultural events. The organisations Two organisations are at the centre of delivering the London 2012 Games: – The London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games (LOCOG) is responsible for planning and staging the Games. London and the UK benefit as much as possible from the 2012 Games.The London 2012 programme – context The Games Every four years. Beyond the Olympic Park the 2012 Games will reach across the rest of London and the UK. The selection of this site was based on sustainability considerations: the area’s accessibility by public transport and the potential for regeneration that the 2012 Games could unlock. and raises almost all its funding from the sale of tickets and merchandise. the parkland will be extended. a number of venues will be retained. the 246-hectare Olympic Park (almost equivalent in size to Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens) will accommodate ten sport venues. a new Host City begins its preparations for the Summer Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. These two organisations work closely together. Legacy considerations are important for all of these activities. education projects and the Torch Relay taking place across the country. too. In addition to a number of competition venues outside London. Timescales are always testing and preparations are conducted under intense scrutiny. is a public body funded through council tax. who are also responsible for ensuring that UK athletes. by planning the after-use of facilities at an early stage. – The Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) is responsible for building the new venues and infrastructure for the Games. LOCOG is a private company limited by guarantee. 6 . London has kept legacy in mind from the outset. media centres and new parkland built around the Lea Valley waterways. the Olympic Village. LOCOG and the ODA are supported by the London 2012 stakeholders. National Lottery and regeneration funding. Government is working crossdepartmentally to ensure that all of the UK’s population can benefit from the Games. The London 2012 stakeholders are set out below: – The Minister for the Olympics represents the UK Government. sponsorship and broadcasting revenues. building temporary structures where no long-term legacy could be assured and developing the vision for regeneration. During the 2012 Games. and thousands of new homes will boost regeneration in east London. at the same time as preparing the plans for the 2012 Games themselves – the first time a Host City has done this. there will be several training venues. After the 2012 Games. Pre-Games Training Camps. whether physical or in the sense of inspiring lasting change. and is also supplying regeneration funding for the Olympic Park site. with an immovable deadline for delivery. which is also the planning authority for the Olympic Park site in east London. on a site surrounded by some of the most diverse – and most deprived – communities in the country. and ensuring that they have a viable legacy use. The heart of the 2012 Games will be the Olympic Park in east London. The ODA. and at the western edge of the Thames Gateway – the biggest regeneration project in Europe. Government has promoted legislation to establish the Olympic Lottery Distributor and the Olympic Delivery Authority. across the UK and globally.

design and construction work on the Olympic Park and other permanent installations for the 2012 Games. marking a sustained investment in transport for London. and is responsible for Team GB’s participation in both Summer and Winter Olympic Games. Hackney. ensuring the delivery of the commitments made to the International Olympic Committee when the Games were awarded to London. Much of the early focus of the project has been on the ODA because of the demolition. – The British Paralympic Association (ParalympicsGB). Tower Hamlets and Waltham Forest – are also key partners in supporting and delivering the Games in east London. The OPLC’s aim is to transform the Olympic Park into a new prosperous and sustainable community for east London and to be a successful catalyst for investment and development opportunities. Each of these will also play a vital role in planning for the Games. is investing billions to deliver a transport legacy before 2012. they are at very different stages in their life cycle. and has been working with London 2012. The programme London 2012 and the London 2012 stakeholders have been working closely together since the beginning of 2006 when LOCOG and the ODA were formally established. and is a joint signatory to the Host City Contract (together with the Mayor of London). which is responsible for British participation in Summer and Winter Paralympic Games. The London 2012 stakeholders and the Chair of LOCOG meet regularly as the Olympic Board. It is also responsible for promoting the Paralympic Movement in the UK. The BOA is independent of Government.– The Mayor of London provides council tax funding towards the regeneration and infrastructure required to host the Games and deliver a sustainable legacy for London. local authorities and other partners on legacy plans to realise the regeneration of the Lower Lea Valley after the 2012 Games. customers and supply chains to promote behavioural change. with all venues on track to be completed on time and to budget. The construction phase is now well advanced. However. – In April 2009. strategic coordination and monitoring of the entire 2012 Games project. remediation. is providing support services to all those competing as members of the GB Paralympics Team. The Mayor’s office together with the Greater London Authority is also responsible for coordinating a programme of City Operations work to prepare the City for hosting the 2012 Games. Their role is to provide oversight. has acquired the land for the Olympic Park. Key London 2012 partners are listed below: – The London Development Agency (LDA). the Mayor’s agency for sustainable economic development. under the Mayor’s direction. and a sustainable legacy from the staging of the Games. – The British Olympic Association (BOA) is the National Olympic Committee for Great Britain and Northern Ireland. but also through actively engaging with London 2012 sustainability projects and using their employees. – Sponsors – London 2012’s commercial partners will play an important role in helping to deliver this Sustainability Plan. – Transport for London. training camps and cultural activities. the Mayor and Government created the Olympic Park Legacy Company (OPLC) to take over the role of securing a lasting legacy at the Olympic Park. This will be achieved in part through the supply of products and services which improve environmental performance. 7 . that will play host to Games venues. both in London and elsewhere in the UK. – The five Host Boroughs – Greenwich. Newham. Beyond the core area of the Games there are many other local authorities.

LOCOG remained a small organisation throughout the period up to and just beyond the Beijing 2008 Games. The focus to this point has been on building the organisational structures. The end of the Beijing Paralympic Games in September 2008 marked the beginning of the four-year cultural festival running up to the 2012 Games. – The inspiration that can be provided for changes in behaviour and healthier lives. design Main construction works Games overlay design Test events and commissioning Overlay construction Sponsorship and event planning Cultural Olympiad and education programmes Legacy and benefit plans Legacy and benefit implementation Legacy Masterplan Framework and development planning Legacy conversion 8 . cleaning and security sectors). In parallel with the construction phase. demolish. The newly formed OPLC will be taking this work forward and a key part of its remit is to continue the emphasis on sustainability and integrate the ‘one planet 2012’ themes and objectives into the long-term plans for the Olympic Park and its surrounds.In contrast. the LDA has been working with the ODA and local authorities to plan for the conversion of the Olympic Park to a mixture of housing. London 2012 and the London 2012 stakeholders share a commitment to maximise sustainability. The London 2012 brand will become increasingly visible during this time. integrated with surrounding communities. Beyond this site-specific work is the development of a wider legacy. business. sporting venues. training and volunteering opportunities. parkland and workspaces. but among people across the world.000 volunteers and more than 100. Since that point LOCOG has embarked on a phase of rapid growth. across all these phases of the 2012 programme. with staff numbers doubling each year to a peak in excess of 3.000 staff at Games time – alongside 70. following the 2012 Games. the commercial programme and brand development. not just among people who visit the Games and the citizens of the host nation and host city. by creating employment. and the beneficial impact of the 2012 Games. addressing: – The benefits that the 2012 Games can bring to communities across the UK. 2006 Olympic Park land acquistion 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Park works – dig.000 service contractors (primarily from the catering.

and has commissioned research to explore the impact that large events such as this can have on inspiring behaviour change. While the lack of reliable data from other events makes it difficult to identify benchmarks and set new targets. Building a lasting and sustainable legacy The 2012 Games must secure an ambitious and enduring physical and social legacy for the Olympic Park area and around the UK. we intend to address this through measuring progress and openly reporting results.The London 2012 Sustainability Plan Two-and-a-half years remain until the opening of the Olympic Games in London on 27 July 2012. Event staging Sustainability is a relatively new concept within the events sector. Many of the initiatives being planned by London 2012 have not been done before and these provide a unique opportunity to set new standards of sustainability. The standards and best practices achieved have the potential to be a major influence on the construction sector in the UK. this approach also recognises that sustainability is fundamentally about people and how we live. Sustainability. The 2012 Games legacy must also be built on recognition that to be truly sustainable. design and construction. The London 2012 Sustainability Plan covers the three main phases of the Games programme: Preparation 2012 Games preparation focuses on the design and construction of the Olympic Park and other permanent venues and infrastructure. Defra is leading on the London 2012 legacy ambition ‘to inspire sustainable living’. Our ‘Towards a one planet 2012’ aspiration and commitment extend beyond the 2012 Games. for example being more energy. is a rapidly evolving discipline. and many plans and initiatives are still in development. it is not simply a technical discipline. These behaviours fit closely with the London 2012 key sustainability themes. the development of the legacy Olympic Park and communities has to seek to respect environmental imperatives such as the need to drastically reduce carbon emissions and to plan for a changing climate. ongoing and environmentally responsible regeneration programme. 2 Before. during and after: making the most of the London 2012 Games 9 . The knowledge gained through this process will be hugely valuable to the wider event sector. and making more sustainable purchasing and consumption choices. Sustainability has been an essential part of this enormous undertaking throughout all stages from planning and land assembly to demolition. in particular. we are now at a stage to provide a sufficiently full description of our sustainability plans to merit issuing this document as a new and revised edition of the Sustainability Plan rather than an annual update. we commit to respecting sustainability principles in all legacy plans and strategies. Crucially. and its application will lead to significant long-term sustainability benefits.and water-efficient. which will be circulated to stakeholders for review in 2010. The facilities and the Olympic Park itself will be the platform for a thorough. with new methods and technologies continually being developed to reduce environmental impacts and maximise social and economic benefits. Equally important is securing a lasting legacy for the UK as a whole. remediation. Nevertheless. Defra is working extensively with key stakeholders to develop objectives and a delivery strategy. One of the Government’s 2012 legacy promises2 is ‘to make the Olympic Park a blueprint for sustainable living’.

healthier living. test events. methods and materials for temporary venues and overlay Travel for athletes. social. legacy planning and transition works Period 2006-11 and 2013-14 Lead ODA Example sustainability considerations Design of buildings Sourcing of building materials Construction impacts Equalities and diversity in construction employment Community relations and consultation Local benefits from construction Inclusive design Health and safety on site. more sustainable lifestyles Use of legacy sporting facilities Increased sports participation. development of skills. spectators and workforce Catering and healthy food Health and safety at venues and for workforce Inclusion and diversity policies for workforce Cultural Olympiad with celebration of diversity Power supply and consumption during Games Sourcing and performance of equipment. pre-Games overlay and fit-out of venues (bump-in). jobs and business opportunities. ceremonies. some temporary facilities and new or upgraded transport infrastructure. torch relays. OlympicParalympic transition and post-Games break down (bump out) 2008-12 LOCOG Support programmes for skills development and business opportunities Construction. cohesive communities and volunteering Raised international profile of London and the UK Supporting sustainable growth of London and UK economy 10 . health and environmental benefits of the Games for the UK. particularly through regeneration and sustainable development in East London 2006-20 UK Government Mayor of London OPLC LDA Local authorities Energy and waste infrastructure Healthy lifestyles and sport promotion Legacy park design and function (including integration with local communities.Responsibilities for sustainability throughout the London 2012 programme Phase Planning and construction Olympic Park and new permanent installations at other Games venues. event operations. mix of uses and affordable housing supply) Building performance Promoting healthier. and health of construction workforce Biodiversity impacts Waste management LDA Staging the Games Cultural Olympiad. merchandise and clothing Games-time waste management Biodiversity conservation Volunteering Public education programmes Outreach projects to promote sustainability and engage stakeholders and commercial partners Realising the legacy Maximising the economic.

Objectives and commitments London 2012 and the London 2012 stakeholders share a commitment to set new sustainability standards for development and event management through all phases of the 2012 Games. UK Government and the Mayor of London have set out objectives for how London and the UK can be transformed by the 2012 Games. Legacy promises3 UK Government* 1 2 3 To make the UK a world-leading sporting nation To transform the heart of east London To inspire a new generation of young people to take part in local volunteering, cultural and physical activity To make the Olympic Park a blueprint for sustainable living To demonstrate the UK is a creative, inclusive and welcoming place to live in, visit and for business Mayor of London Increasing opportunities for Londoners to become involved in sport Ensuring Londoners benefit from new jobs, business and volunteering opportunities Transforming the heart of east London

4 5

Delivering a sustainable Games and developing sustainable communities Showcasing London as a diverse, creative and welcoming city

UK Government is currently working to develop a new legacy theme on disability issues. The Olympic Board agreed a Sustainability Policy in June 20064 (updated November 2009, see Annex A) which identifies five priority themes where London 2012 and the London 2012 stakeholders believe they can have the most impact and best contribute to achieving legacy aims. These themes form the basis for the organisation of this document: – Climate change: To provide a platform for demonstrating long-term solutions in terms of energy and water resource management, infrastructure development, transport, locally seasonal food production and carbon impact mitigation and adaptation. We aim to minimise the carbon footprint of the Games and legacy development, notably by minimising embodied impacts and optimising energy efficiency, energy demand and use of lowcarbon and renewable energy sources. – Waste: To be a catalyst for new waste management infrastructure in east London and other regional venues and to demonstrate exemplary resource management practices. We will minimise waste at source, divert construction waste wherever feasible and all Games-time waste away from landfill, and promote the waste hierarchy of ‘reduce, reuse, recycle’ to facilitate long-term individual behavioural change. – Biodiversity: To enhance the ecology of the Lower Lea Valley and other London and regional 2012 venues, and to encourage the sport sector generally to contribute to nature conservation and bring people closer to nature. – Inclusion: To host the most inclusive Games to date by promoting access, celebrating diversity and facilitating the physical, economic and social regeneration of the Lower Lea Valley and surrounding communities. – Healthy living: To inspire people across the country to take up sport and develop active, healthy and sustainable lifestyles.

3

4

culture.gov.uk/images/publications/ Ourpromise2012Forword.pdf The London 2012 Sustainability Policy 11

In order to allow targeting and monitoring, the ODA has sub-divided these five headline themes into 12 objective areas against which to measure progress in constructing the Olympic Park and infrastructure5 (See Annex B). The five headline themes and the Sustainability Policy are informed by the One Planet Living® principles and underpin the Government’s and Mayor’s five legacy promises listed on p11. They represent the priority sustainability themes across the entire London 2012 programme (including venues outside London), and form the basis of strategies and action plans for the delivery bodies and official stakeholders. Annex B shows how the London 2012 objectives, Government promises, principles and priority themes relate to each other. These are presented as separate categories, but in reality they are mutually supporting, and each theme embraces all three conventional strands of sustainability: economic, social and environmental. Constraints and challenges There are limits on what can be achieved by London 2012. They do not lessen our ambition, but they need to be presented openly: – Some plans, for example for the treatment of waste during and after the 2012 Games, will depend on the provision of facilities and technologies that are not yet in place. Where this is the case, we can only signal our intention, and set out the developments that we will depend on to make this intention a reality. – The 2012 Games can act as a catalyst for new building technologies and new approaches to staging events, but the approaches used must be robust enough to cope with the largest event in the world and to take account of immovable deadlines, the priorities of sport and security, and contractual obligations to sponsors and rights holders. – The work being done to integrate sustainability into event planning and management is ground breaking. Although many other major events, including previous Games, have carried out ‘greening’ initiatives, there is very little reliable quantitative information on which to base strategies and targets. – Budgets must be respected: value for money does not mean lowering ambitions to achieve the lowest costs, but economic viability (and the added value that can be achieved through sustainable procurement) must be seen as an integral part of overall sustainability. – London 2012 can commit to the standards it will meet, but in other areas we can only influence, using the huge inspirational power of the Games to encourage others to change their behaviour, for example by encouraging international spectators to minimise the carbon impact of their travel to the UK. For specific cases, like a number of transport infrastructure projects, London 2012 is a part-funder but does not have complete control.

5

ODA Sustainable Development Strategy: london2012.com/documents/odapublications/oda-sustainable-developmentstrategy-full-version.pdf 12

About this document This document sets out how London 2012 and our partners intend to achieve the first sustainable Games. It is the second edition of the London 2012 Sustainability Plan6, which was first published in November 2007. As the overarching document describing London 2012’s sustainability activities, this plan includes all of the London 2012 sustainability commitments, along with organisations responsible for each commitment and references pointing to more detailed strategies. In 2007, we stated that the plan would be a live document presented against a backdrop of a fast-moving programme. While the first edition focused on the Olympic Park development, two years on we are able to offer a more complete picture of the approach to sustainability we are taking across the entire London 2012 programme. Since the first edition of the Sustainability Plan, several local and global events have occurred that have shaped our sustainability strategies. We have witnessed the 2008 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Beijing, and Rio de Janeiro has been elected Host City for the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games. In London we have elected a new Mayor, who has published revised air quality, waste and climate change adaptation strategies. National climate change legislation has been passed by Government setting greenhouse gas emissions targets for 2050. We can be certain that new situations will continue to arise on the road to 2012 that will lead to solutions and practices we have not yet considered; such is the pace of change in this field and in the world generally. Our management systems and governance structures need to be responsive to this dynamic. What does not change is our commitment to delivering truly sustainable 2012 Games and leaving a positive, lasting legacy. This second edition of the London 2012 Sustainability Plan remains true to that common purpose and provides the visionary and strategic framework linking the sustainability work of all the key stakeholder organisations. ‘Towards a one planet 2012’ therefore sets out how sustainability is being incorporated throughout the planning and construction, staging and legacy phases of the London 2012 programme. This document outlines what has been agreed so far, the indicators and targets that we have set and the areas where we know there is more to be done to meet our goals. It does not seek to set out everything that is being done in London, or UK-wide, to ensure sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles. Instead, it focuses specifically on 2012 Games-related projects and initiatives promoted by London 2012 and the London 2012 stakeholders. This is not a reporting document, but it provides the strategic framework and commitments against which we will base our future annual reports (see p90 for more details). We remain committed to a process of continual improvement and welcome feedback from and dialogue with interested stakeholders to help us achieve the best outcomes for sustainability throughout this project. Future amendments and new initiatives will be highlighted in our sustainability reports, rather than issuing updates of this plan. Please address any comments on this document to sustainability@london2012.com

6

Towards a One Planet 2012 13

14 .

The former is considered within this chapter.Climate change Vision: ‘To deliver a low-carbon Games and showcase how we are adapting to a world increasingly affected by climate change. The effects of these additional greenhouse gases can already be seen today.uk/ 9 For more information see the 2009 UK Low Carbon Transition Plan. There is now roughly 40 per cent more CO2 in the atmosphere than there was before the industrial revolution. work to minimise them.gov. The burning of fossil fuels. the 2009 UK Renewable Energy Strategy and Low Carbon Transport – A Greener Future 10 Embodied impacts relate to the direct and indirect carbon emissions associated with the entire production process.7 Most activities associated with building and hosting the London 2012 Games incur a ‘carbon cost’. transportation and disposal of goods and materials 7 The carbon story links across most other aspects of the London 2012 programme. see p67. London 2012’s action on climate change and commitment to deliver a ‘low-carbon Games’ responds to the One Planet Living® principle of zero carbon (‘reducing carbon dioxide emissions by minimising building energy demand and supplying from zero. This is supported by a national strategy for climate and energy which includes a detailed plan for the UK to make the necessary transition to a low-carbon economy and strategies for low-carbon transport and increased use of renewable energy sources9. particularly carbon dioxide (CO2).000 years and in all likelihood not for the last three million years. especially in terms of climate adaptation. operational and behavioural aspects. Such high levels have not been experienced on earth for at least 800.gov. – reducing the carbon footprint through avoiding emissions. This chapter sets out the London 2012 Carbon Management Strategy. transport and materials. including manufacture. – influencing the uptake of best practices and innovative approaches developed by London 2012. and various industrial processes are adding heattrapping gases. The timing of the London 2012 Olympiad (from the closing of the Beijing Games in 2008 to the end of the London Games in 2012) has mirrored the Kyoto Protocol implementation period. reducing emissions and substituting conventional systems with lower carbon technologies. infrastructure and lifestyles are fit for the long term. as a means to mitigate unavoidable emissions. This has four primary components: – defining and measuring the carbon footprint of the Games. 15 . and inspiring behaviour change. Global average temperatures have risen by 0. to the atmosphere. far-reaching legislation has been brought in to cut emissions by at least 80 per cent by 2050 (from 1990 levels)8. see the UK Low Carbon Transition Plan: decc. changes in land use.aspx 8 For more information see the Climate Change Act 2008: decc. while the other two are dealt with in the ‘Cross-cutting themes’ chapter. Our challenge is to understand how these emissions arise.’ Introduction and strategic approach The consensus of scientists spanning over 130 countries is now overwhelming: human activities are causing global climate change. and – implementing climate adaptation strategies so that the legacy development and parklands are appropriate for the long term. This second edition of the Sustainability Plan is being published shortly before the UN International Conference on Climate Change in Copenhagen at which international leaders will strive to work towards a new international climate agreement to reduce global emissions. For more information.or low-carbon and renewable resources’).uk/en/ content/cms/publications/lc_trans_plan/ lc_trans_plan. but goes much further by addressing embodied impacts10. Three areas in particular are water. mitigate their impact and plan for adapting to the effects of climate change so that our buildings. In the UK.75°C since about 1900 with consequences for both the environment and people’s lives.

Our work in the intervening period has led us to refine this into four key steps: – Avoid/eliminate (design out emissions at source) – Reduce (increase resource efficiency in energy use. the power of the Games to inspire change opens up a range of possible opportunities. reduce and report our carbon footprint is genuinely leading for a major international sporting event – albeit recognising the excellent work done in this field by other previous event organisers. The uniqueness of the Olympic and Paralympic Games in terms of scale and reach does. Instead of relying on conventional carbon offsetting schemes. These elements are no different from any other organisational approach. and knowledge transfer. However. All carbon emissions caused by the project are arguably additional (that is. Furthermore. any claim of carbon neutrality would be arbitrary and unrealistic to prove. the work to measure. wider adoption of our methods and practices.gov. however. transport and work practices) – Substitute/replace (measures to introduce renewables/lower carbon technologies both on site or through transport) – Compensate (measures to deal with residual or unavoidable emissions) This revised approach recognises that the London 2012 Games is a project. London 2012 has never stated the aim to be ‘carbon neutral’. 11 The Government has published guidance on carbon neutrality. replace and offset’. The reason for this is because there are no fixed boundaries on a project of this scale. This is especially challenging because there are no accurate benchmark figures for projects of this nature. low/zero-carbon technologies wherever feasible and cost-effective. This will be achieved through accurate scoping of the project and elimination of potential emissions through design and procurement processes. However. offer opportunities for different approaches to compensate for unavoidable emissions.aspx 16 . We believe this is a potentially misleading term11. we committed to implementing a carbon management strategy based on the internationally recognised hierarchy of ‘reduce.uk/en/ content/cms/what_we_do/lc_uk/neutrality/ neutrality. The reduction and substitution elements are mainly about driving efficiencies and utilising new. so the primary focus must be at the top end of the hierarchy – to avoid emissions in the first place. See: decc. such as community projects. London 2012 is setting new benchmarks in carbon reduction for large scale projects and regeneration projects. there is nothing against which to reduce).In the first version of this plan in 2007. behavioural change initiatives. market shaping through supply chain interventions and promotion of innovation and best practices. we believe that the cumulative benefits of the legacy developments. rather than a steady-state organisation. and behavioural change initiatives will fully justify our ambition to deliver a truly sustainable Games.

as the top four line items in each category (construction. but over which we may have some influence (for example the actions of client groups – sponsors. media and spectators) 12 17 .3Mtonnes CO2e. Nevertheless. – Total reference carbon footprint (without carbon reduction measures) = 3. Existing and emerging guidelines for companies. – The largest contribution to the footprint for staging the Games is due to embodied carbon in the temporary materials used for event overlay. These figures should be recognised as order of magnitude reference footprint predictions.com/en/ Standards-and-Publications/How-we-canhelp-you/Professional-Standards-Service/ PAS-2050/ 13 Owned emissions are from activities directly funded by London 2012 (for example construction and staging the Games). it has helped us identify priority areas to focus avoidance and reduction efforts. infrastructure and permanent venues) and is not simply for the Games. Associated emissions are from activities which are not directly funded by London 2012.9Mtonnes CO2e. Shared emissions are from activities partfunded by London 2012 (for example jointly-funded infrastructure projects).The London 2012 carbon footprint London 2012 is the first Summer Games Host City – or host of any event of this magnitude – to attempt to map a complete carbon footprint (including embodied impacts) of the Games over the entire project term. and then using these ‘actual’ emissions to set targets for future reductions12.4Mtonnes CO2e. – The largest contribution to the reference footprint is from embodied carbon in construction (around 50 per cent of the total footprint). By using footprint methodology in effect as an impact assessment. products and services are based on measuring emissions when they occur. Hence London 2012 identified a need to develop a new methodology. See PAS 2050 – bsigroup. This is clearly not appropriate for planning an event. The full London 2012 Carbon Footprint study is also being published separately as a technical supplement to this strategy and can be downloaded from the London 2012 website. With no universally agreed approach to measuring the footprint of an event. This has been confirmed by an independent review of the methodology and assumptions carried out by KPMG in the first half of 2009. shared and associated13. we have called it a ‘reference footprint’. – Total of the reference carbon footprint ‘owned’ by London 2012 (without carbon reduction measures) = 2. this has been a hugely challenging undertaking. The reference footprint is divided into three categories of emissions based on the relative degree of control/influence London 2012 has on any one area: owned. although the overwhelming result of this will help regeneration and legacy (such as the Olympic Park. staging and associated impacts) make up approximately 80 per cent of the total reference footprint. we believe these findings are a sufficient basis to inform our strategies and decisions. in which the impact of activities has to be anticipated some years ahead and for which there is no accurate benchmark against which to set reduction targets. The key findings are: – Estimated ‘owned’ carbon footprint after avoidance and reduction measures have been implemented = 1. data quality was mixed and there was little relevant information available from previous events. opportunities to change ODA strategies are limited as construction of the Olympic Park is well underway. This methodology and the initial findings are summarised in Annexe D. At the time of calculation there were still many unknown elements of the project. However. As the carbon footprint has been calculated as a forward looking estimate for the seven-year lifetime of the project from winning the bid in 2005 to dissolution after the Games in 2012.

and Orient Way p31). the Olympic Stadium p29. South Africa 2010. or they have amortised14 the carbon emissions over the lifetime of the venues and infrastructure used. the Olympic Village and other legacy developments will be able to move towards energy self-sufficiency. and – the post-Games report required by the IOC in late 2012.or zero-carbon technologies 17 Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Methodology 18 CEEQUAL is an assessment and awards scheme for improving sustainability in civil engineering and public realm projects 19 The Code also covers water. and they have either not include embodied impacts to the extent of the London 2012 study. run-off. Commitments Preparation The ODA’s Sustainable Development Strategy15 sets out the following commitments: – Carbon emissions arising from the operation of the built environment in the Olympic Park should be reduced by 50 per cent by 201316. – Provide an updated estimate of the London 2012 carbon footprint drawing from the case studies and other general data secured through a combination of contract management processes. Germany 2006. as low/zero-carbon fuels and clean technologies are integrated into the Olympic Park Energy Centre. assuming 2006 Building Regulations. The revised estimate will be included in two steps: – the final pre-Games sustainability report at the end of 2011/early 2012. rather than recording them up front 15 ODA Sustainable Development Strategy. Looking ahead. – All ODA development sites to register with CEEQUAL18. – The Olympic Village will be built to Code for Sustainable Homes Level 4 (that is. health and well-being. and the FIFA World Cup. – 50 per cent by weight of construction materials for the Olympic Park will be freighted by rail or river. Amortisation is spreading the impact of the emissions over time. Vancouver Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games 2010. surface water. In the future. with no further low. management and ecology 14 18 . – BREEAM17 ‘Excellent’ rating for permanent venues (in legacy) at the Olympic Park. These include the FIFA World Cup. – Work with international partners to review methodologies and learn from points of comparison. 16 Reduction against ‘business as usual’. at least 20 per cent of energy requirements will be supplied by on-site renewable energy infrastructure. 44 per cent more energy-efficient than required by 2006 Building Regulations19). we have carried out some detailed case studies of specific projects and materials to provide more rigorous footprinting data (see case studies on concrete p27. especially in defining the scope of their footprint. waste. – Carry out additional case studies on specific projects. information from partners and project reports. We recognise these studies have each used different methodologies. pollution. – Permanent venues will achieve 15 per cent carbon dioxide reductions beyond 2006 Building Regulations. London 2012 will do the following: – Continue to seek opportunities to reduce our carbon footprint.In addition. Crucial to the long-term sustainability of the development is future-proofing the utilities infrastructure. – After legacy conversion. Other major international events have produced carbon footprint studies. which can generate high-quality actual footprint calculations. materials.

plans. – Minimise impacts of Games-time transport and travel planning: – ‘Green travel plans’ for ticketed spectators and workforce. Alongside its Sustainable Sourcing Code. setting out in detail how new development on the Park will meet ambitious performance standards. plans. – The climate change adaptation strategy will identify targets. – Supply 20 per cent of Olympic Park electricity requirements at Games time from new local renewable energy sources. policies and programmes that will be put in place to allow the meeting of both current and future requirements around carbon reduction and renewable energy. Although the issue of climate change will be integral to nearly all of the strategies. – Optimise amount of hired/leased materials and equipment and maximise reuse opportunities after the Games (see also Waste chapter p33). buses and coaches). logistics vehicles. LOCOG has published version one of its Guidelines on Carbon Emissions of Products and Services. policies and programmes to allow the physical development and communities that will occupy the Park to respond creatively to a changing climate in the capital.Staging LOCOG and ODA Transport will implement the following measures: – Monitor major components of Games carbon footprint. – Average CO2 emission standards will be set for other vehicle categories (for example. both of which will utilise and build on the suite of investments in low-carbon and water saving infrastructure and technologies procured as part of the preparation of the Olympic Park: – The energy strategy will spell out the targets. Accompanying this document will be a range of environmental strategies. of particular importance will be the energy strategy and the climate change adaptation strategy. The combined effect of implementing all of the above measures and commitments will save approximately 400. – Low/zero-carbon Olympic and Paralympic flames: – London 2012 Sustainability Partner EDF is committed to providing low-carbon fuel solution for the flames of the Olympic torch and the cauldron and is currently reviewing the technical feasibility of different options. – Develop a Temporary Materials Handbook20 – to inform procurement process to ensure we minimise embodied carbon (see also Cross-cutting chapter p67). These guidelines provide supplemental advice to suppliers and licensees in fulfilling provisions of the code that relate to energy and resource use 21 Vehicles designed for the carriage of passengers and comprising no more than eight seats in addition to the driver’s seat 20 19 . – Cycling and walking will be encouraged via the Active Travel Programme (see p73). – Use a low emission vehicle fleet: – Optimise composition of Games Family vehicle fleet. Legacy The Olympic Park Legacy Company (OPLC) is currently in the process of reviewing the Olympic Park Legacy Masterplan Framework (LMF). – Develop a Technology Sustainability Strategy to be rolled out during 2010 – IT services are the second highest component of LOCOG’s footprint.000 tonnes CO2e compared with the original reference footprint. – The passenger car fleet21 procured for the Games will have an average emission standard under 120g CO2/km. – Visitors from long distance in the UK and the near continent will be encouraged to travel by rail rather than air or car.

As part of this.The OPLC is also developing its corporate strategy. The OPLC will publish LMF energy and climate change adaptation strategies in spring 2010. 20 . the OPLC will need to secure technically robust and deliverable energy solutions in support of the planning applications. planning applications later in 2010. and create energy plans that balance the need for energy certainty and security of supply with space for continuing innovation over the medium to longer term. the OPLC will be considering what other plans and polices could be developed to support the sustainability and carbon reduction agendas. To achieve this. and a corporate plan in spring 2010.

such as the materials used and how they are to be transported. more than 90 per cent of the cooling provided to the venues will be HFC free after the Games. and London 2012 will work with the industry to provide where possible HFC equipment that takes new low impact drop-in refrigerants when they are market ready. – Cooling in the Energy Centre and Aquatics Centre will use nonhydrofluorocarbon (HFC) chillers. – Improvements by British Waterways and the ODA have been made to the waterways to allow for the movement of waste out of the Olympic Park by barge. which is very efficient. – introducing a comprehensive balanced cut and fill approach to enabling works. Multi-use Sports Centre and Velodrome. and – investing in sustainable transport (utilising rail and river freight solutions). Nevertheless. – The Primary Substation. is complete22. – All permanent venues are on track to be 15 per cent more efficient than a 2006 building. – To date 80 tonnes of mechanical pipework for the Olympic Stadium has been delivered by barge. – Over 60 per cent of materials have been delivered to the Olympic Park by rail or water.php 21 . – Concrete used to build the Olympic Park and Olympic Village on average achieves a 42 per cent reduction in carbon emissions against standard concrete mixes. with a further 340 tonnes expected to be delivered over the coming year. a temporary wharf has been constructed adjacent to the Aquatics Centre. As a result. In addition. The marshalling yards also supply materials to Stratford City. Aquatics Centre. equivalent to more than one million tonnes of material. Specific achievements during the planning and design phase include: – The first comprehensive carbon footprint study of a Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games. – Construction has started on all 11 plots of the Olympic Village which will be 44 per cent more energy efficient than a standard residential building built to 2006 standards. supported by extensive on-site soil treatment. – implementing programme-wide material reuse and recycling measures. – A half of the 16km pipe network for the Energy Centre has been installed. – implementing a set of value engineering measures to streamline venues including the Stadium. 22 london2012. Many of these measures were introduced to make the project more efficient and to cut costs.com/news/mediareleases/2009-10/london-2012-powersahead-as-first-olympic-park-building-iscomplete. – The contract to own and operate the 2 mega-watt wind turbine at Eton Manor is to be placed imminently.Achievements Avoiding and reducing carbon emissions The potential carbon footprint of the Olympic Park development has been reduced in the preparation phase by: – rationalising the Olympic Park Masterplan. – making sustainable choices at design stage for procurement. their cumulative effect has been significant avoidance of potential carbon emissions. – The Energy Centre will be complete in spring 2010. they were not specifically carbon reduction initiatives. – better utilisation of existing venues.

products and events management sectors may follow. One of the options under consideration is using biomass gasification in the Energy Centre to achieve further carbon reductions. At this stage we cannot accurately predict the likely additional reductions that can be achieved but it is clear that there will remain a substantial residual or unavoidable carbon footprint from the Games. 23 instituteforsustainability. We are working with other organisations. which the construction. the residual owned footprint of the London 2012 project – that is.Opportunities and challenges The ODA is continuing to identify opportunities to meet the 50 per cent carbon reduction target. this is amplified through the association of the Games with culture and education – not just for a few weeks. In 2010 we plan to explore further opportunities to influence these sectors and to drive up sustainability standards in the UK and internationally. The supply of materials to the park by rail or water will be an on-going challenge as the project moves to fit out. Our Carbon Management Strategy has a two-pronged approach towards compensating for these emissions: Knowledge transfer and influencing standards The London 2012 carbon management experience demonstrates the carbon and cost savings to large infrastructure projects of managing build and regeneration with sustainability and low-carbon principles applied from the outset. The ODA is continuing to work with project teams to identify opportunities to bring materials into the Park by rail or water. This is entirely in keeping with the London 2012 vision and our call for people and organisations to help us make the Games more sustainable by taking their own small steps to reduce their own carbon footprint. We are demonstrating best practice in sustainable construction and sustainable events management and we have created and continue to refine a practical model. including the Institute for Sustainability23. Mitigating the residual footprint Current estimates indicate that after all the planned carbon emission saving measures have been implemented. staging the Games. Influencing behaviour change The unique opportunity afforded by the Games is to inspire large numbers of people to participate and actively endeavour to be more sustainable. but throughout the four-year Olympiad. London 2012 will continue to work with partners to seek additional reductions through materials and systems choices. Three industry ‘Sustainability Best Practice’ guidelines are in development currently and will be published shortly. No other event or project has such potential reach. the footprint resulting from construction and London 2012’s contribution to improvements to transport infrastructure. resource efficiencies and renewable energy solutions. to explore how best to capture the lessons learnt with a view to disseminating and sharing this best practice. and travel by competitors and officials to the Games – will be in the order of 1.uk/ 22 .9MtCO2e.co.

More than half a million people are now part of this online community. We recognise that carbon offsetting is a controversial topic. to identify suitable methodology for measuring the effectiveness of these two approaches. London 2012 has decided no longer to pursue formal offsetting schemes as part of its core Carbon Management Strategy.org jointhepod. Measuring outcomes We recognise that measuring uptake of these compensation initiatives will be difficult. 24 25 teamgreenbritain. which more than 7000 schools have joined and is a key part of London 2012’s Get Set Education Programme (see p83). including the Carbon Technical Advisory Group and other specialists. Nevertheless. We are also aware that there are many credible and official carbon offset schemes on the market. it is another matter to confirm real uptake and lasting change. For example. However. a London 2012 Sustainability Partner. Carbon offsetting Carbon offsetting has been part of London 2012 proposals since the original bid. This activation also links into EDF Energy’s Programme for Greener Schools. specifically with reference to offsetting international travel of athletes and officials coming to the Games. during the course of finalising this carbon management report. in July 2009. aimed at harnessing the power of the individual action to collectively reduce the nations’ carbon footprint by 2012. During 2010 the London 2012 Sustainability Group will work with partners. some critics state that buying offsets does not deliver carbon emission reductions. London 2012 will work with its group of Sustainability Partners and other stakeholders to continue to develop this theme of mass participation and engagement to inspire lasting behaviour change. It is an innovative pilot with a legacy for BT and its customers as it provides an opportunity to learn how to reduce the carbon emissions of their products in turn helping their customers manage their carbon footprint more effectively.This is the rationale behind the Team Green Britain24 launched by EDF Energy. and these are potentially valid options given there are significant unavoidable emissions resulting from the Games. The cumulative effect of these will be greater and also more costeffective. BT is working with their partners to calculate the carbon footprint for the converged network solution that BT is providing. we believe the London 2012 programme has the opportunity to achieve significant compensatory benefits in other directions (as outlined above). During the last three years various mechanisms and schemes have been investigated.org 23 . The Pod25. Evidence about effectiveness will feed into the Government’s wider legacy evaluation study (see p92). While the potential benefits can readily be extrapolated.

we have inevitably discovered a number of things that have surprised us. and utilities partner. to review energy demand and capacity on the Olympic Park and at other venues. 26 CSL 2008 Annual Report 2008 24 . – Where the focus is to build and operate facilities that have a relatively short life. London 2012 will. However. – The design stage of a project is where the most significant carbon benefits can be realised through reducing embodied impacts and improving energy efficiency. – promoting local benefits – in the Host Boroughs and across London and the UK. Lessons learned The Commission for a Sustainable London 2012 has described our approach to carbon footprinting the Games as ‘ground breaking’26. continue to support and work with its partners who wish to develop offset projects as their contribution to achieving sustainable Games. and – inspiring change through the collective effort of large numbers of individuals and organisations. Atkins. there is a significant percentage of embodied carbon both in the construction project and event staging. For legacy projects like regeneration schemes. Games-time renewable energy LOCOG has been working with its engineering services provider. local renewable energy sources is unlikely to be met in full. embodied carbon plays an important role but energy in use can make a bigger impact on carbon emissions over the life of the project. Carbon emissions should be set alongside more traditional criteria as a formal performance criterion. – Sustainability does not necessarily mean more expensive: correctly targeted cost savings can also achieve important reductions in carbon emissions. – Predictive footprint measurements on this scale do not need a high level of precision to identify the ‘big hitting’ items that are responsible for the bulk of emissions (see methodology section in Annex D for more details). Further studies are being carried out and LOCOG will discuss with partners and the London 2012 Sustainability Group options for addressing this challenging commitment. however. landscaping and ecological management.Our focus in terms of taking responsibility for our owned residual carbon footprint will include: – delivering a sustainable legacy. and operational planning. we recognise this theme will continue to be a challenge throughout the lifetime of the programme. Initial results indicate that the target to meet 20 per cent of Games-time electricity requirements from new. Climate adaptation Plans for addressing future climate impacts have been outlined elsewhere in this document in relation to flood management. Some of the useful lessons we have learned include: – The value of using carbon footprinting as a forward-looking impact assessment and strategic decision-making tool. Through such a project. building design. EDF Energy.

Commitments The primary water-related commitments for the Olympic Park site. it is also a critical feature of biodiversity conservation and healthy living.Water Water resource management is one of the most critical sustainability issues of our time. cooling etc) – Designing the Olympic Park with climate adaptation in mind: flood risk management and landscaping appropriate for projected climatic conditions. These will be reviewed in 2011 following Test Events and finalised in early 2012 before venues become operational. Our approach to achieving this covers the following areas: – Reduce demand through management techniques and behaviour change. Freshwater supplies across the world are being rapidly depleted through a combination of climate change. Our strategic objective is to optimise the opportunities for efficient water use. However. London and south east England also experience water stress due to high per capita demand. – Use of Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS) Games-time water management policies will be developed by LOCOG as part of the venue operational management plans. This is not simply a phenomenon of arid regions in other parts of the world. – Work with partners to ensure high standards of drinking water and bathing water quality at Games venues and accommodation sites. – Substituting potable water with non-potable water and particularly treated sewage effluent where appropriate (toilet flushing. – Planning and design to allow for one-in-100 year flood events. – Create a water-efficient legacy community. reuse and recycling. agricultural and industrial production and increasing human population. 25 . irrigation. are: – To reduce the amount of drinking water used per person per day by 40 per cent in new permanent venues other than the village measured against 2006 standards. This places a strong requirement on the London 2012 programme to be ‘water responsible’ and to maximise its water resource efficiency. Water resource management is most clearly linked with the climate change theme. high population density and a relatively low rainfall. including the Olympic Village. – Reduce demand via inclusion of water saving technologies. – Optimise water efficiency during the Games through venue operational management plans. – To reduce the amount of drinking water used by in the Olympic Village homes by 35 per cent measured against average London consumption of 160 litres per day. and a six millimetre per year sea level rise.

Achievements − The designs for the permanent and temporary venues use water efficient fixtures and fittings such as low flow taps. facilitated through the installation of an on-site lagoon − a licensed borehole − on-site sewerage treatment − 2km of the non-potable water network have been laid to date. dredging and fixing river walls have been completed around the Park. the water conservation measures to date result in an 18 per cent reduction. − More than 4. − A Waterspace Masterplan has been developed to manage the use of the waterways and ensure water quality. natural habitats and biodiversity are fully taken into account. cooling water in the Energy Centre and irrigation.000 number of properties that will benefit from a significantly reduced risk of flooding as a result of the Park designs Opportunities and challenges Collectively. low flush toilets and waterless urinals to reduce water demand. for drinking and washing. – Cleaning the deep foul sewer. – Topping up rainwater captured at the Handball Arena and Velodrome. 4. The non-potable water captured through these means is expected to be used for: – Toilet flushing at the International Broadcast Centre and Main Press Centre and at Eton Manor. − 5km of improvement works to waterways which include taking rubbish out of waterways. The shortfall will be met by installing a 4. 26 . − Handball and Velodrome will have rainwater harvesting and the Aquatics Centre will use pool water backwash for toilet flushing. and non-potable water which will be used for toilet flushing. − During construction non-potable water has been used for dust suppression and road sweeping. to identify an appropriate source of water to supply through the nonpotable water network. This has come from: − rainwater harvesting on temporary buildings − reuse of surface run-off water and water from dewatering operations. The ODA is working with partners. Water shortages and flood risk are also being addressed by creating a park that can cope with extreme flood events as well as with increasing frequency of unseasonably heavy rainfall incidents through efficient flood storage and drainage systems. strengthening flood defences and sustainable urban drainage systems. − The Olympic Village is being designed for water consumption of 105 litres against a standard of 160 litres per person per day.000 properties will benefit from a significantly reduced risk of flooding as a result of the Park designs. These will carry both potable water. Flood alleviation measures include river widening. – Hockey pitch irrigation in legacy. Thames Water and the Environment Agency. – Cooling water in the Energy Centre in legacy.2km network of dual pipes across the Olympic Park together with a treatment works. – Irrigating the Stadium field of play and parklands.

The actual footprint of concrete typically varies according to the concrete grade. To ensure the concrete mix meets optimum sustainability requirements. a key material in the production of concrete. the carbon footprint of the concrete used in much of the Olympic Park is greater than that of the Village concrete. Most of the recycled materials used in the concrete are sourced from Leicestershire and Cornwall and delivered by rail directly to the concrete batching plant at the Olympic Park. stent or recycled glass. There are limits on the proportion of PFA. GGBS. The ODA has worked closely with its concrete supplier over the past 12 months to supply low-carbon concrete for use in the construction of the venues and infrastructure for the London 2012 Games. At present. GGBS and other cement substitutes that may be used in concrete without affecting one or more required (or desired) properties of that concrete.3 million tonnes of ready-mix concrete have been used for the Olympic Park and Village.000 tonnes of carbon emissions have been avoided. production costs and other considerations must be balanced with the required structural and high-quality finish standards. 94. with the main determinant of the carbon intensity being the amount and type of cement in the mix and the proportion which is replaced by substitute materials. Pulverised Fuel Ash (PFA – a by-product of producing electricity in coal-fired power stations). nearly 80. This is the case even though PFA itself 27 Calculated using the Bath ICE V1. As the table demonstrates on page 28. By using concrete with a high recycled content and maximising the use of rail to transport raw materials to site.3 per cent of materials used in concrete have been delivered to site by rail. stent (a waste product of the Cornish China Clay Industry) and recycled glass have been used. from a recycled source. whether PFA. which is substituted at lower levels than GGBS.Case studies Case study 1: Concrete Using low-carbon concrete supports the ODA aims to use 20 per cent of construction materials from a reused or recycled source and 25 per cent of aggregate. The figures on p28 do not take account of steel reinforcement or transportation. Concrete containing PFA has a higher carbon content than concrete containing GGBS. For example. The on-site batching plant supplies the majority of ready-mix concrete used in piling and superstructure works for venues and infrastructure.6a dataset carbon intensity figures and it is this percentage for the UK industry average we are comparing against 27 . The Concrete Industry Sustainable Construction Forum 2009 states that an average 18 per cent cement substitution occurs in the UK and it is performance of concrete with that percentage of cement substitution against which the London 2012 concrete is judged27. Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS – a material processed from the waste associated with steel manufacture). which accounts for a 42 per cent reduction against the UK industry average for concrete. Different concrete mixes with lower embodied carbon than standard concrete have been proposed by the concrete supplier in conjunction with contractors. This is because PFA has been used as the main cement substitute for much of the Park concrete mix. Testing and trials undertaken to date have involved substituting raw materials in cement with increasing amounts of secondary or recycled materials. Olympic Park and Village Approximately 1.

603 Carbon savings (tCO2) 35. The decision to create and use sustainable concrete mixes has resulted in a significant reduction in the amount of embedded carbon at the Olympic site. A decision was made early in the design and planning phase to use PFA on the Park. where the use specification permitted.792 648. including embodied carbon. Location Concrete used (tonnes) 698.417 44. The quantity used in the Park would otherwise have gone to landfill as GGBS is generally more popular as a cement substitute in the UK. PFA is a waste product available in vast quantities in the UK. This clearly demonstrates the complex balance needed between a number of factors.347.526 79.has lower carbon than GGBS.105 44.972 Reference carbon footprint (tCO2) 99. it may have been possible to reduce the carbon further. specification permitting.902 tonnes of material to date going to landfill in the UK. due to two main drivers: diverting waste to landfill and supporting local industry. availability and logistics.555 108. but because PFA can only be used to substitute a small amount of cement compared with the larger amounts possible with GGBS.500 1.631 Carbon savings (%) 35% 50% 42% Olympic Park Olympic Village Park and Village 28 . and specification.522 89.081 188. Some GGBS required for use in the UK must be imported and therefore may have higher carbon intensity due to the additional transportation.292 Carbon footprint (tCO2) 64. As the table shows. by using no PFA but this would have meant an additional 22.

including hospitality suites. For the first time a major Olympic Stadium has been designed to cater both for the Olympic Games when an 80. will be provided as stand-alone units that may be reused or recycled after the Games with minimal disruption to the venue. – Lightweight block work has been used with a high percentage of recycled content.000 seat athletics stadium is needed and for legacy when a smaller multi-purpose venue is likely to be required. The contractors have also contributed to significant reductions in the carbon footprint of the Stadium in the following ways: – The embodied carbon impact from concrete has been reduced by over half through the use of cement replacement such as GGBS and PFA. which as well as being more sustainable has the added advantage of enhancing the spectator experience.000 seat stadium with a 55. The early proposals for the Stadium followed the more conventional approach to design. The effect of these changes was to very significantly reduce the embodied carbon of the venue and ensure that waste is minimised both during construction and deconstruction. Many of the accommodation and facilities required. catering and retail outlets which can potentially be relocated after the Games. 29 . catering and retail facilities. – Aggregate from secondary sources (stent) has been used to replace virgin aggregates in concrete production. all the steel was bolted rather than welded. This marks the start of a new approach to the design and engineering of stadia for the Olympic and Paralympic Games and other major sporting events. – Concrete and imported aggregates have been transported to site by rail. Key features of note include: – 55. which makes it easier to take apart. which facilitates deconstruction for the purposes of post-Games requirements and for reuse.000 seat skyward extension which can be removed when no longer needed.000 temporary seats and structure designed to be easily dismantled and reused – A stand alone. The seating bowl has been re configured to make it as compact as possible. – Wherever possible site-won fill materials have been used.Case study 2: Olympic Stadium The Olympic Stadium is a unique facility. – These measures led to a circa 50% reduction in the carbon footprint of the stadium against the original concept design as the graph on p30 illustrates. either as complete systems or as components. The design team has responded to this challenge by designing two venues in one: a permanent 25. – The lightweight cable roof structure and membrane cover has an embodied carbon footprint which is 90% less than a steel roof. but following a detailed review of the legacy brief a new approach was developed that aimed to ensure temporary elements were designed to be both easily deconstructed and reusable after the Games. – A lightweight roof and membrane wrap that can be reused or recycled after the games – Temporary hospitality. roof structure that could be removed or adapted in legacy to accommodate a smaller stadium. The Stadium has been designed as a series of discreet components in order to create a flexible structure. For example. toilets.

This applies both during the Games and in legacy. 30 .000 0 London 2012 Olympic Stadium Bid Design (Reference Footprint) London 2012 Olympic Stadium Concept Design London 2012 Olympic Stadium (Stage C Design) London 2012 Olympic Stadium (Stage C Design) Best Practice Comparison of embodied carbon in different stadium designs Reference Footprint Roof (fabric/metal deck) Glass cladding Blockwork Aggregate Reinforcing steel Structural steel Concrete By designing a lightweight and compact Olympic Stadium that can be re configured after the Games.000 60.000 40. the ODA has created a unique venue that is flexible and fit for purpose.000 20.000 80.000 120.000 100. and offers significant environmental advantages.130.

– 620 tonnes of tarmac. CEEQUAL is an independent assessment tool which reviews performance across 12 areas of environmental and social concern.000 tonnes was reused off site. The table below indicates a breakdown of the carbon reduction. and – all 2.000 0 Reference case Actual New materials Construction phase waste Site clearance waste Utilities Freight Transport Staff impacts Transport and fuel use 31 . The total carbon reduction equalled a 44 per cent reduction over the ‘business as usual’ scenario.000 tonnes of previous site ballast screened and reused. As part of the project.Case study 3: Orient Way Our approach: – Adoption of a systematic and process based approach (BS8901/ CEEQUAL) – Understanding of high impact areas at earliest stage – Building Carbon reduction into design process – Re-use of materials where safe and practicable – Minimise waste and maximise recycling – Influence attitudes and behaviours The Orient Way project involved the relocation of a set of rail sidings which needed to be dismantled in order for the Aquatics Centre to be built. 6. – 20. The ODA constructed a replacement 12-track railway sidings to the north east of the Park at Orient Way.000 3. the ODA also built a new accommodation block for train drivers. – 180 tonnes of steel. helping to achieve the highest ever CEEQUAL score for a rail project.000 tonnes was reused on site and 3.000 2. which is powered by a wind turbine. Many of the recyclable elements of the track were reused to build the block.000 4. A CEEQUAL ‘Excellent’ sustainability award was achieved for the Orient Way Project.000 5. including: – 4. Orient Way was completed using sustainable methods with 99 per cent of the demolition and site clearance waste from the project being reused or recycled. equivalent to the size of three full-size football pitches.000 1.000 tonnes of crushed concrete.9km of track lifted and reused. of which 1.

32 .

a more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide. zero waste is defined as ‘zero waste direct to landfill from Games-time activities’ 33 . has been adopted throughout the programme: – reduction – reuse – recycling and composting – new and emerging technologies to recover energy – conventional incineration with recovery of energy – landfill A development on the scale of the Olympic Park and an event on the scale of the 2012 Games provide the opportunity to create a micro-economy of waste efficiency. listed below in order of environmental preference.Waste Vision: ‘To deliver a zero waste Games. as well as creating carbon dioxide emissions through transport and through the energy embedded in the material we throw away.’ Introduction and strategic approach Living a one planet lifestyle means reducing waste. A six-level waste hierarchy. Burying waste is not a sustainable option in the long term: landfill creates methane. Paralympic and legacy facilities to operate in a manner that is as waste-efficient as possible. London 2012 and the London 2012 stakeholders aim to ensure that waste is minimised throughout the programme. and that the 2012 Games show how waste reduction and recycling make financial as well as environmental sense. – honouring the zero waste Games28 commitment made during the London 2012 bid. as well as minimising the carbon impacts of our consumption. 28 For the purposes of London 2012. and – using public education and outreach activity to promote low-waste lifestyles. One of the more visible elements of the Games sustainability performance will undoubtedly be waste management. from planning to legacy. demonstrate exemplary resource management practices and promote long-term behavioural change. Priority areas for action on waste include: – designing and building Olympic. putting in place the infrastructure and processes to minimise waste and to maximise reuse and recycling. London 2012 expects to achieve a new standard in waste minimisation and resource recovery. – minimising waste during construction. In these ways. operation and demolition/conversion of both temporary and permanent venues.

Where obliged completion of an RMP will negate the need to prepare a Site Waste Management Plan. LOCOG will work with its suppliers. – Waste Management Contractor committed to diverting 90 per cent of construction waste from landfill through reuse. London 2012 will (within ‘closed-venues’29): – Ensure that the amount of Games waste produced will be minimised. of the material arising from the installation and deconstruction of its temporary venues and overlay (stretch target). along the route of road races. rather than downcycling). 31 WRAP (an organisation encouraging the efficient use of resources in the UK) is working with LOCOG to develop. venues and/ or suppliers to events to manage areas of significant waste generation. overlay. validate and promote the take-up of Resource Management Plans (RMPs) that can be used by event organisers. seek optimal recycling solutions. by weight. partners and local authorities to align waste management practices with those adopted for closed venues. recycled or composted. – Treat all waste as a potential resource and ensure that at least 70 per cent of Games-time waste will be reused. – Achieving 20 per cent. cultural events. – Seek closed-loop solutions wherever appropriate and practicable (that is. London 2012 is committed to: – Reclaiming 90 per cent of material from Olympic Park demolition work for reuse and recycling. – Ensure that no waste arising during the 77-day Games period will be sent directly to landfill30. By definition these situations cannot be controlled in terms of material types entering the waste streams. at Live Sites. by value. There are also many situations where Games-related waste will arise in ‘open’ sites – for example. ‘Closed venues’ are sites managed by LOCOG where entry is only by ticket holders and accredited personnel. 30 Games time commences from when the Main Media Centre opens (27 June 2012) through to when the Main Media Centre/ Paralympic Village closes (12 September 2012) – which is 77 days. recycling and recovery. it will not be possible to measure and report exact quantities as there are no boundaries on these sites. – Ensure that Resource Management Plans are prepared by suppliers to manage areas of significant waste generation to support the achievement of objectives and targets (for example. design and construction phase. 90% reclaimed material from Olympic Park demolition works for reuse or recycling Staging the Games To stage a zero Waste Games. Torch Relay and at transport hubs and approach routes to venues. and so on)31. However. – Using 25 per cent (by weight) recycled and/or secondary aggregate for construction of venues and Park-wide infrastructure.Commitments Preparation In the demolition. – Take reasonable endeavours to reuse or recycle at least 90 per cent. 29 34 . – Ensuring a high recovery rate of materials from disassembly of temporary structures during post-Games transition. catering. of construction materials from a reused or recycled source.

lighting and staging facilities. – An onsite Waste Consolidation Centre (WCC) has been set up to process segregated construction waste received from the 17 contractors across the Park. Waste materials segregated over the past 12 months include timber. – Contractors are working with suppliers to return timber pallets and other packaging for reuse. treatment and disposal of waste which are more beneficial to the environment. which currently represents approximately 20 per cent of waste.org. – A compactor and timber chipper have been installed on site to reduce vehicle movements and associated carbon emissions. consistent. – Contractors participate in regular audits to demonstrate how they have minimised waste. UK-wide. – The waterways are used to transport timber. temporary bridge decks and Handball Arena structural frame. metal and office waste. This target is currently being achieved and represents industry best practice on a project of this scale. – Foundations for the Aquatics Centre. – Site-won material has been used as engineering fills. Preparation – 97. – LOCOG signed up to the On-Pack Recycling Label (OPRL) scheme32 and requires London 2012 licensees to include the OPRL icons on London 2012 branded merchandise wherever appropriate (given that such packaging will end up in household waste streams). and cans. Currently one barge per week removes waste from the Park. more often. Concrete and brick. plastics. – Packaging guidelines issued to complement the LOCOG Sustainable Sourcing Code. the On-Pack Recycling Label scheme aims to deliver a simpler.Achievements The following achievements are examples of waste management practices to date in the preparation phase and in planning for staging the Games. Handball Arena and Olympic Stadium have used concrete with more than 30 per cent of recycled materials. – More than 80 per cent of soil has been cleaned and reused on the Olympic Park. – Aluminium in the roofs of the Aquatics Centre and Velodrome has a high percentage of recycled content. Staging the Games – Scoping study completed on Games-time waste types and anticipated volumes. glass.7 per cent of demolition waste recycled and in some cases reused – a total of 8 buildings have been reused off-site. recycling and recovery. is crushed on site for reuse in construction. in temporary road construction and in designs of the Greenway and gabions. – A site-wide waste management contractor has been appointed who has committed to diverting 90 per cent of construction waste from landfill through reuse. – LOCOG accepted into the London Waste and Recycling Board Brokerage Service33 in September. cardboard. and general waste out of the Park. The brokerage service aims to link up waste producers with site owners. thereby reducing the need for new steel to be produced. Details at: onpackrecyclinglabel.uk 33 The London Waste and Recycling Board (LWaRB) has been established to facilitate waste management across London to promote and encourage the production of less waste. halving Waste to Landfill Commitment. Launched by the British Retail Consortium (BRC) with support from WRAP. construction plastic. recycling message on both retailer private label and brand-owner packaging to help consumers recycle more material. – Surplus gas pipes were used in the construction of the Olympic Stadium ring beam. – Off-site prefabrication of bridges and structural frames. off-site vehicle movements have been reduced from 1751 to 152 over the three month period July to September 2009 compared with the previous 3 months. which supports the fabric roof. paper. plasterboard. London boroughs and energy users to result in new waste management approaches and new infrastructure 32 35 . – Signed up to Waste and Resource Action Programme (WRAP). an increase in the proportion of waste that is re-used or recycled and the use of methods of collection. – A minimum of 20 per cent aggregate used in precast concrete units for the Olympic Stadium and Aquatics Centre seating terraces. to reduce construction waste. Using these measures and vehicles that carry larger loads. bricks and solid concrete. mixed recycling.

– Operational deliverability: ensuring practical solutions in the context of staging large-scale events. 34 This is roughly equivalent to what a typical London borough produces in a month 36 . ten critical success factors have been identified which will be underpinned by the guiding principles: 1. 3. which included waste composition analysis and modelling techniques. Ten critical success factors To deliver our vision for a zero waste Games. – The lack of anaerobic digestion capacity for organic waste in London was identified as a potential issue. For example. and securing sufficient capacity to handle the flow of materials during the relatively short period of Games time itself. To put in place appropriate management systems. – Risk management: identifying and mitigating the risks to the success of the waste and resource management system. with landfill being the least desirable. Key to achieving this vision is a consistent and integrated approach to waste management throughout all ‘closed venues’ managed by LOCOG.250 tonnes of operational waste34 will be generated at Games time. Guiding principles London 2012 will take account of the following guiding principles in determining the most appropriate approach to delivering the Games Waste and Resource Management Strategy: – Waste hierarchy: ranking methods of waste management in priority order. 2. including sustainable procurement practices. – The target for reusing. has been used to make estimates for the total material flow arising from Games-time activities. – National/regional context: the Games can act as a catalyst for new waste management infrastructure in London to move it towards being more selfsufficient. Venues located elsewhere will need to be evaluated in respect to their local context. The development of resource management tools and guidance to help key areas of the business minimise waste and.Opportunities and challenges Staging the Games The Games presents us with an opportunity to inspire change in waste management practices in the events sector. – Sustainability: ensuring that the right decisions are made in respect to the broader sustainability agenda. The underlying concept of our Games Waste and Resource Management Strategy is that waste materials should be viewed as a ‘resource’. – Proximity principle: managing waste as near as possible to its place of production. with around 60 per cent originating in the Olympic Park. products (furniture. provided the ten critical success factors (see below) are fully addressed. – Approximately 40 per cent of waste will be food/food-contaminated packaging. in particular the consideration of carbon. to maximise opportunities for reuse and recycling. which support the strategy objectives. A detailed scoping study. The advance identification of reprocessing options and markets for all key materials likely to be collected (including food and other organic materials). The development of tools and guidance for design teams and contractors to support the advance identification of options for reuse or recycling of materials and products used for temporary venues and overlay. computers. recycling or composting 70 per cent of Games-time waste is achievable. The key outcomes are: – Approximately 8. 4. where they cannot. – Regulatory compliance: ensuring that the waste and resource management system is fully compliant with waste management legislation. podia) that can add legacy value for social enterprises and schools in the region.

– Preparing an integrated Games Waste and Resource Management Plan. The integration into the collection system design of a simple icon. bringing together all the key outputs that relate to the delivery of the ten critical success factors. recycling rates are generally much lower (approximately 15 per cent) and a significant amount of material ends up in landfill. London Development Agency. and the Olympic Park Legacy Company (OPLC). – The inconsistent messaging and waste and recycling collection systems at events and venues. Implementing the strategy To deliver on the key elements of our strategy. The development of an approach for involving trained volunteers in the delivery of the communication and collection systems during Games time. – Developing actions that relate to each of the ten critical success factors. The development of a fully integrated communications package that encourages recycling during Games time. The utilisation of food catering packaging systems that maximise the potential for recycling and recovery and minimise the potential for contamination and ultimately landfill – preferably involving a singlematerial approach for bottles and other food catering packaging items. 7. Event challenges Waste management performance in the UK events sector is inconsistent. 6. and builds awareness of recycling before arrival at the Games – preferably linked to national and regional communication initiatives such as Recycle Now and Recycle for London. – Managing the ongoing review of recycling and composting options in London and the south east. – The complexities of the event supply chain. accurate and transparent records of how waste and materials have been managed during and after events are rarely available. such as diverse packaging and inconsistent packaging specifications. London Waste and Recycling Board. The utilisation of a simple-to-use.and colour-based communication scheme to help visitors deposit items for recycling. and maximise recycling and landfill diversion (waste reduction. 9. The transfer of knowledge through the production of a good practice guide on events waste management and a post-Games technical debrief event for venue managers and event organisers. – Developing a Temporary Materials Handbook for design teams to use to reduce waste. we require a programme of action supported by specific workstreams: – Continuing the work of London 2012 Waste and Resource Management Technical Advisory Group and liaising with commercial partners such as Coca-Cola. reuse and recycling also brings significant carbon benefits given that overlay is 50 per cent of LOCOG’s carbon footprint). consistent and attractive system for waste and recycling collection across all venues. 37 . McDonald’s and Cadbury.5. While a handful of events and venues have achieved recycling performance of up to 50 per cent. 10. – Post-event transfer of knowledge is often limited. 8. There are a number of unique challenges for events to overcome in order to achieve good recycling performance and high landfill diversion: – Despite duty of care legislation. – There is a lack of controls or incentives in place to encourage contractors to contribute.

– creating a detailed asset recovery plan. the Basketball Arena in the Olympic Park and interior fit-outs of the Media Centre and Olympic Village) and hard landscaping as part of the post-Games transformation of the Olympic Park. While this ensures that no permanent buildings are created unless they have a clear long-term use. we have also identified the following future actions: – Go out to market for waste management services in 2010. – specifying materials with high reuse and recycling potential. and materials used solely for the Games. Waste stream separation at this stage is rare. 38 . In these situations. These include ‘open venues’ such as road events (for example. the National Non-Food Crop Centre and WRAP to identify deliverable solutions for food and catering packaging systems. as well as local authorities. – Work with the packaging industry. and – using Resource Management Plans to cover the breakdown phase with a view to maximising reuse and recycling. – Roll out the Resource Management Plan templates to the supply chain in mid-2010. the immediate breakdown of Games overlay and the recovery and redistribution of assets (for example. Decommissioning temporary structures The 2012 Games are notable for the number of temporary venues and other structures required for staging the Games. it does present a major challenge with respect to the decommissioning of temporary structures. This is additionally problematic because the dismantling of structures after events is typically rushed and there is a lot of wastage. There are. The challenge is two-fold: first. The second consideration is the disassembly rather than demolition of major temporary structures (for example. The approach required to address these challenges includes: – leasing as the favoured procurement solution for venues with temporary elements. – Incorporate sustainability considerations into the material aspects of postGames dissolution strategies. any plans to develop such schemes and the experiences of those using and delivering these labels. furniture and other useful materials). and spectators. however. caterers. both during the transition from Olympic to Paralympic staging and post-Games breakdown.Everyone has a role to play in reducing and managing waste responsibly during the Games. hotels and restaurants. including manufacturers and suppliers. a number of areas and activities outside our direct control and influence. – Develop an integrated Games Waste and Resource Management Plan – to be trialled during the Test Events phase in summer 2011 and finalised by the end of that year. Future actions In addition to the ten critical success factors. London 2012 will work with its partners and stakeholders to encourage them to adopt a similar approach. – specifying construction/fixing methods to facilitate disassembly. – Review recycling labelling options already in existence. the Marathon). equipment. – Develop an approach to minimise risks and maximise the reuse and recycling of materials and products arising from the Games overlay. overlay and other fittings.

4. That the methodologies for achieving high rates of recycling and landfill diversion within the 2012 Games are fully captured. skills and training opportunities. Creation of profile and momentum around this growth sector as a source of employment and ensure the full range of potential labour market entrants for this sector are made aware of the particular job. A proportion of this capacity will ideally come on stream in time for the Games themselves. gearing them to design out waste in the first instance and then to utilise materials that allow the most efficient reuse. 39 . The development of this framework has been overseen by a steering group of the key organisations responsible for delivery: – Olympic Park Legacy Company – London Development Agency – LOCOG – Greater London Authority – London Waste and Recycling Board The ongoing monitoring. 6. 2.or zero-carbon energy within or near the Olympic Park. 3. communicated and adopted by the event sector in London and the UK and come to represent the norm rather than the exception. Planning applications will be submitted in summer 2010. both to service Games-time need and to maximise the opportunity to showcase and establish innovative technologies as viable solutions in an intense urban environment. reporting and management of the framework will be through the London 2012 Sustainability Group. This will ensure a longterm waste legacy in east London after the Games while also seeking to support LOCOG with facilitating the development of a new local infrastructure that would contribute towards the commitment of zero waste to landfill during Games time. The OPLC will publish a site wide waste strategy for the Olympic Park alongside the Legacy Materplan Framework (LMF) and its corporate plan in spring 2010. Directly deliver or leverage the development of one or more new and innovative facilities for the management of waste with a particular focus on the production of low. Existing and new market entrants are fully aware of what business support is available and that it meets their sector’s specific needs. recycling or energy recovery solutions.Legacy The LDA is developing a legacy waste framework. The following six outcomes represent the priority themes and focus for activity for the waste legacy framework: 1. New and sustainable opportunities for east London social enterprise in the provision of services and products. Substantive and enduring changes to critical material supply chains. 5.

40 .

Key areas for action on biodiversity are: – minimising and mitigating the impact of construction activity where possible on existing species and habitats in the run up to 2012. in an area currently deprived of green space. – Habitat features incorporated into the design of buildings such as the provision of nesting sites and the creation of green and brown roofs (which are also useful climate adaptation tools by slowing run-off). such as Japanese Knotweed and Giant Hogweed.Biodiversity Vision: ‘To conserve biodiversity. The Olympic Park Masterplan has included environmental enhancement from the outset and will create 45 hectares of new habitat and 102 hectares of open space. provision of sustainable natural resources and enhancing the quality of life that we enjoy. and by promoting the value of the natural environment and conservation throughout the UK and international sport sectors. The Olympic Park The Olympic Park Biodiversity Action Plan35 provides ecological management plans for priority habitats and species. – protecting sensitive habitats and species at other competition sites. – Creation of undisturbed areas for wildlife.’ Introduction and strategic approach Biodiversity is essential to the global economy. as well as improving flood storage and conveyance within the Valley. These plans sit alongside the following commitments in relation to the protection and enhancement of wildlife on site: – Provision of natural links along the river valley corridor to achieve ecological continuity – including links to the ‘green grid’ (a network of open space across east London). themselves creating a new habitat for amphibians. serving a vital function in climate change mitigation and adaptation. watershed management. The new habitats include wetland areas. through direct enhancements to the valuable ecology of the Lower Lea Valley and London and regional 2012 venues. through development of venue environment management plans. – Habitat preservation: for example. – Planting during the Games and legacy will use species native to south east England (and ideally of locally-grown stock). protective log walls have been built (using as many as possible of the trees cut down during site clearance). – Habitat creation utilising some of the seed stock collected from the Olympic Park site prior to clearance. open river banks and grassland and will provide an enhanced setting for biodiversity. which are suited to projected future climates – including being tolerant to drought. London 2012 is committed to ensuring that the Games play their part by taking a responsible attitude to the management of natural resources. from open water and wetlands to species-rich grasslands. reptiles. – Eradication of invasive species. – developing new and enhanced water and land habitats within the Lower Lea Valley. create new urban green spaces and bring people closer to nature through sport and culture. Commitments London 2012’s commitment to minimise disruption to biodiversity and enhance habitats has been informing all parts of the construction programme for the Olympic Park and other London 2012 venues. and – promoting awareness of the value of biodiversity and its links to sport and healthy living. invertebrates and plants. – implementing the Olympic Park Biodiversity Action Plan. 35 Olympic Park Biodiversity Action Plan 41 .

– A biodiversity section will be included for all sites where a full Environmental Impact Assessment is required. acid grassland. wetlands. – A site-specific biodiversity section will be included within the Sustainability Statement produced for each planning application. World Heritage Site Cultural heritage. rivers and riverine woodlands and scrub/grassland Close proximity to SSSI and SPA Woolwich Barracks* Dorney Lake* Shooting Rowing Canoe Sprint Sailing Common land. mature trees Thames Valley flood plain. 42 . – Avoid causing damage to trees. grassland. freshwater lake Parkland and freshwater lake National Sailing* Academy Hadleigh Farm Greenwich Park Mountain Bike Equestrian Modern Pentathlon Beach Volleyball Road races start/finish Triathlon Open Water Swimming Horse Guards Parade and St James Park Hyde Park * Permanent works on these sites is the responsibility of the ODA. This applies especially to the greenfield sites (see table below). riparian woodland Marine and coastal ecosystems. Biodiversity considerations will be factored into the town and country planning process for staging the Games at all London 2012 venues as follows: – Inclusion of a Biodiversity section in the Sustainable Design Requirements section of LOCOG’s Design Strategy for Temporary Venues and Overlay. – Ensure that there is no net loss of indigenous vegetation. – Biodiversity considerations will be incorporated into the environmental management components of Venue Operating Plans. Essex Greenwich Royal Park City of Westminster Royal Parks City of Westminster Royal Park Environmental features Lakes.An important attribute of the parkland will be to help the whole site adapt to future climate change. LOCOG provides the Games overlay and event management. World Heritage Site (‘Jurassic Coastline’) Farmland. ancient trees. – Ensure that there is no significant adverse effect on habitats or species of importance to nature conservation. particularly those protected by Tree Preservation Orders (TPOs). – Ensure appropriate mitigation measures are specified where adverse impacts upon protected or locally valuable sites or species are anticipated. design and development of many London 2012 venues. Specific biodiversity provisions include: – Ensure that an ecological walkover (at the very least) is undertaken for each venue with follow up surveys as necessary. through its ability to cope with heavy rainfall events as well as providing shade under trees and vegetation – helping to combat ‘heat island’ effects. Broxbourne Greenwich South Buckinghamshire Weymouth and Portland Castlepoint. – Ensure that there is no significant adverse effect on any designated site. cultural heritage Acid grassland. cultural heritage. London 2012 venues Biodiversity conservation is a critical part of the planning. Greenfield sites used as 2012 venues: Venue White Water Centre* Sport Canoe Slalom Location Lea Valley Park. parkland. woodland. lake.

15. Aquatics Centre. Eton Manor and Main Press Centre Achievements The Lower Lea Valley is a unique environment where the River Lea meets tidal sections of the Thames. – The first tree was planted by Her Majesty The Queen in November 2009.000m2 of living roof. 43 .000 semi-mature trees. – A one-hectare habitat creation project started off-site at East Marsh in 2008 is beginning to colonise. – A Waterspace Masterplan has been produced. Eton Manor and Main Press Centre include more than 15. which have been selected to ‘future proof’ against climate changes. boating.000m 2 of living roof included in the deisgns of the Olympic Village. we have taken the following steps: – More than 70 per cent (489 of 675) of the Olympic Park’s bird and bat boxes have been assigned a location. – Space equivalent to ten football fields has been cleared of invasive Japanese Knotweed. setting out how the Olympic Park and waterways will deliver a multi-functional environment which supports recreation. – A process has been established to protect existing habitats during construction. ecology. It will take three winters to plant all of the trees.000 wetland plants for the Olympic Park. – Designs for the Olympic Village. The rivers and other waterways are valuable habitats. hazel and poplar. Aquatics Centre. dredging and fixing river walls. – A UK company has been contracted to provide 300. such as birch. including taking rubbish out of waterways. To achieve London 2012’s commitments to biodiversity. flood management and commercial activities. – A UK nursery has been contracted to supply 2. – 5km of improvement works have been completed within the Olympic Park site.

especially across the sport sector and through education and green volunteering initiatives. Opportunities to promote awareness of biodiversity and access to nature will be developed for all Games competition venues. 44 . The London 2012 Biodiversity Group has been working with LOCOG since early 2006 to identify opportunities for Games-related biodiversity conservation initiatives at local. Specific projects are being developed and implemented via the following programmes: – Changing Places programme – Education programme – Cultural Olympiad Major Project – Discovering Places – Inspire Mark projects Each of the above is described in the ‘Partnerships and outreach’ section (see p77). – natural materials and features to be used as part of the ‘look of the Games’. such as cotton and food (see p61 regarding food and p69 regarding sourcing) and potentially biofuels. including accessibility and cycle and walking routes. national and international levels. and – maps and other information to be provided on local features of ecological and heritage interest. – home-grown and native plants and flowers to be used for landscaping and ceremonies. Potential measures may include: – venue layout and presentation to integrate with the natural landscape. Biodiversity considerations are also factored into our Sustainable Sourcing Code.Opportunities and challenges London 2012 recognises the huge potential through the Games to promote biodiversity conservation more widely. notably with respect to sustainable timber and agriculturally derived products.

A significant amount of technical work on biodiversity and green infrastructure. The LMF will be published in spring 2010 and planning applications will be submitted later in the same year. – To ensure open spaces and green infrastructure on the Olympic Park are fully integrated with wider green (and blue) networks. – the long-term management of legacy parkland. and – enhanced access to nature along riverways and in legacy parkland. green space and green infrastructure fully into the Olympic Park’s activation programme.Legacy The Olympic Park Legacy Company is currently in the process of reviewing the Olympic Park Legacy Masterplan Framework (LMF). These will be achieved through the adoption of the existing Olympic Park Biodiversity Action Plan and the development of design briefs incorporating biodiversity and green infrastructure principles and objectives. both for the Olympic Park and the wider East London Green Grid. has already been undertaken. 45 . – To incorporate biodiversity. This has identified the following challenges: – To develop sustainable operational models for the ongoing management of biodiversity and green infrastructure. This framework and associated strategies will spell out in more detail the biodiversity and broader green infrastructure plans and programmes for the legacy park and will address the following commitments: – a net increase in ecologically managed open space.

46 .

economic and social regeneration of the Lower Lea Valley and surrounding communities. London 2012 and the London 2012 stakeholders have identified the following priority areas in relation to inclusion: – Ensuring that the opportunities provided by the Games are spread as widely and as fairly as possible across the UK. engaging and involving people and communities across the UK in preparations for the Games. equity and fair trade. – Recruiting and developing a diverse workforce and ensuring that opportunity and training are available to all. sporting. The Olympic Park is located in one of the most diverse areas in the country. This particularly applies to people who are not currently as fully engaged as they might be in our economic. – Using the Olympic Park legacy to create sustainable. – Achieving an equalities step-change in construction sector employment. The five Host Boroughs are home to 22 per cent of London’s total black. including almost two-thirds of London’s Bangladeshi community. but also taking active measures to help people to make the most of the opportunities that the Games offer. More than a quarter of Host Borough residents were born outside the EU. London 2012 and the London 2012 stakeholders are committed to making sure that everyone can participate in. gender identity and belief) are people involved in sport. In Newham. every race. – Creating excellent architecture and urban design. prosperous and cohesive new communities. Deprivation also remains a strong determinant of ill-health. This is a unique opportunity for the UK to demonstrate its rich diversity and social cohesion to an international audience and to promote the values of openness. and communities around the Olympic Park in developing legacy plans. men and women. 47 . providing the same quality of experience for all participants and spectators. – Promoting supplier diversity and maximising opportunities for local and UK minority-owned businesses and social enterprises to benefit. young and old. every sexual orientation. and benefit from. London’s bid was founded on a celebration of the diversity of London’s and the UK’s population. BAME communities make up 61 per cent of the borough’s population. respect and fair play. fully integrated into surrounding areas. – Inspiring. It responds to the One Planet Living® principles of health and happiness. and 110 different languages are spoken in Tower Hamlets alone. and a quarter of London’s African population.’ Introduction and strategic approach The London 2012 Games will be everyone’s Games. – Integrating the Olympic and Paralympic Games. celebrating diversity and facilitating the physical. the Games and their legacy. – Ensuring communities from the six strands of diversity (disabled people and non-disabled people. Inclusion underpins all other sustainability themes – poorer people and minority groups are the first to feel the effects of climate change and declining biodiversity – and has a particularly close link to health. – Showcasing and celebrating the UK’s diversity. Inclusion involves breaking down the barriers that individuals and communities can face. social and cultural life. and culture and heritage. based on inclusive design principles. Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) population. multiculturalism and tolerance through the Cultural Olympiad and the Games. in the Olympic Park. nearly a third of London’s Pakistani community.Inclusion Vision: ‘To host the most inclusive Games to date by promoting access.

– CompeteFor programme to capture 20 per cent of the estimated 75.e.000 training places at the Olympic Park over the next five years.000 by 2012. of homes in the Olympic Village to be classed as ‘affordable’. LOCOG has set the following target zones for the workforce by 2012: – BAME 18-29% – Disabled people 3-6% – Women 46-54% – LGBT 7-10% – Under 30 20-30% – Over 50 10-15% ‘Towards an Inclusive Games’ will be available on the 2012 website soon 37 The 2008 LOCOG Diversity and Inclusion strategy – Open 36 48 . com/equality. – To provide 20.London 2012 Equality and Diversity Forum The 2012 Equality and Diversity Forum is structured along similar lines to the London 2012 Sustainability Group and is chaired by the Deputy Mayor.000 trained and qualified employees from more than 100 further education colleges in the UK. i. found at london2012. In March 2009 the ODA published its Integrated Equality Scheme 2009-12 ‘Everyone’. – The Bridging the Gap project to deliver 6.800. – There will be a games mobility service provided for spectators at all venues. – Up to 50 per cent. Further detailed information about LOCOG can be found in LOCOG’s Diversity and Inclusion Strategy ‘Open’37. This contains the ODA’s detailed implementation plan and benchmarks to deliver its Equality and Diversity Strategy. 1. – Venues to incorporate inclusive design principles and share best practice across London.000 training places at the Olympic Park over the next five years Commitments London 2012 has identified the following priorities for its inclusion programme: – London Employment and Skills Taskforce (LEST) to reduce worklessness in London by 70.379 of 2.000 total contract opportunities from the London 2012 supply chain. – International Inspiration education programme to reach 12 million children worldwide in 20 different countries. The contents of this inclusion chapter have been structured to align with the forum’s report around five priority areas: – Business – Workforce – Inclusive design and service delivery – Communities and engagement – Participants Further detailed information about the ODA can be found in the ODA’s Equality and Diversity Strategy. This new forum is specifically focused on the inclusion agenda and from 2009 will publish its own detailed annual report: ‘Towards an Inclusive Games’36. – Government to publish its vision for a 2012 legacy for disability issues in December 2009. 20. as of October 2009. – To increase the number of people who participate regularly in sport across the UK by 2012. to form a key element of the security workforce at the 2012 Games.

CompeteFor. apprenticeships and work placements (up to 2012). – The Nations and Regions Group is developing a tourism business network with Visit Britain to capitalise on the estimated £2bn worth of opportunity generated UK-wide. Achievements Businesses We have established a number of key programmes to help spread the economic benefits of the Games to all businesses.438 businesses targeted advice and support. including: – An electronic brokerage service. This group meets on a quarterly basis to discuss and produce new and innovative products and procedures that will enable a lasting diversity and inclusion legacy in the run up to 2012 and beyond. launched in September 2009. – LOCOG has established a Diversity and Inclusion Sponsors Forum. – deliver a construction workforce from at least 10-15 per cent of residents of the five Host Boroughs. LBN offered more than 1. a system of setting requirements and providing active support and feedback.250 number of people into construction traineeships. – The ODA has implemented its Procurement Policy which promotes equality among diverse communities and across its supply chain. apprenticeships and work placements 38 Diversity and Inclusion Business Charter 49 . – place at least 2.000 London 2012 suppliers on CompeteFor. – bring opportunities for under-represented groups in the construction industry including women. More than 3. targeting minority-owned and managed businesses. delivery and legacy of the Games. BAME and disabled people. with a proposal to be launched in early 2010. The concept of a Tourism Opportunities Network is being developed. – A national project. It has established the Business Assurance process. – A London 2012 Business Network (LBN) has been established to ensure that companies from across the UK have access to contracts in London 2012’s supply chains. Out of a total of 25. to match buyers and suppliers for the huge range of business opportunities related to the Games. The ODA’s workforce representation benchmarks are: – BAME 15% – Disabled people 3% – Women 11% The ODA’s key employment and skills targets are to: – promote sustainable employment opportunities and boost skills levels locally and across the UK. 5. – The LOCOG Diversity and Inclusion Business Charter38. as well as the support they might need to compete to win those contracts.600 contract opportunities within the London 2012 supply chain have been posted to date. – ensure at least seven per cent of the construction workforce is made up of people previously unemployed before working on London 2012. which sets out the key ways in which LOCOG will inculcate diversity and inclusion within its procurement activity and that of its contractors. – LOCOG is the first organisation in the UK to attain the Gold Standard award from Diversity Works for London and will continue to lead in finding new and innovative ways to raise standards. Winning with Social Enterprise. – The ODA works with its main contractors through practitioners’ networks to provide additional support and opportunities for sharing good practice.000 are local businesses. 2. and – encourage contractors to pay the London Living Wage. In the year to April 2009 in London. – A series of 2012 business workshops run by the Government across the country in 2009. aims to optimise the involvement of social enterprises across England in the development. suppliers and sponsors.LOCOG has also committed to recruiting up to ten per cent of its Games-time volunteer workforce from the Personal Best programme.250 people into construction traineeships.

of this a total 4. The figures at the end of October 2009 are as follows: London 2012 Workforce Representation Employer LOCOG* BAME 13% 21% Women 51% 6% Disabled people 5% 1% LGBT 6% – Under 30 29% – Over 50 6% – Olympic Park Workforce * As of October 2009 Ethnicity and disability data is provided voluntarily by the Olympic Park workforce.Workforce Over the past year the LDA and ODA have worked together to establish and invest in a range of programmes which support Londoners through job brokerage and training opportunities. Employment figures: – At the end of September this year 7.000 workless Londoners have been supported into jobs through training and job brokerage programmes for the 2012 Games and associated activities through the London Employment and Skills Taskforce (LEST 2012).270 people were working on the Olympic Park and Olympic Village. women made up six per cent of the contractor workforce on the Olympic Park.842 people are working on the Olympic Park. In February 2008 the ODA published ‘Jobs. The placement of women working on the Olympic Park continues to exceed the representation of women within the construction industry workforce nationally. 50 . Futures’. Skills.842 working on the Olympic Park: – 12% were previously unemployed – 10% were undertaking a traineeship. Representation of women in the manual trades is typically between one and two per cent across the industry as a whole. – London 2012 is also taking steps to make sure its workforce is inclusive. Of the 4. apprenticeship or work placement – 21% were resident in the five Host Boroughs – 21% were BAME people – 6% were women – 1% were disabled people – More than 10. – At the end of September 2009. 79 women had been brokered into employment through the Women into Construction Project. its employment and skills strategy. In September.

– The London Employer Accord provides an integrated recruitment and training offer for employers. The ODA and its Tier One contractors work closely with organisations who have been identified as not paying the LLW. – From April 2008 to April 2009. Representation and kitemarks – London 2012 is represented on: Race for Opportunity.60) and are directly employed. – A new regional training hub at Thames House opened in April 2009. – A National Skills Academy for Construction (NSAfC) has been set up to provide training to help people get the skills they need to gain work on the Park and in the wider construction industry.000 training places over the next five years. giving them trained staff in a cost-effective way. Skills’ brokerage network Support and training – A total of 2. to encourage them to do so. 1. while helping disadvantaged Londoners into work. The five Host Boroughs have been involved in the pilot programme and 14 pilot colleges entered the project in February 2009 with 210 learners. So far. Through a network of 25 colleges and training providers. Skills. the jobs brokerage had placed 631 people into work. 1. 631 people placed into work through ‘Jobs. more than 4.600 construction-related training courses have been provided for local people. – London 2012 has signed: the Fawcett Charter. compete in the job market and volunteer at other events. – The Women into Construction project aims to place 50 women a year into manual trades on the Park site including driving. Employers Forum on Disability. – A Plant Training Centre was established in February 2008. – Personal Best. 51 .800 people have received construction training in the five Host Boroughs through the Local Employment and Training Framework. In total 58 per cent of the beneficiaries were BAME. Employers Forum on Age (awarded the Age Aware Logo). more than 1. It delivers a range of plant training.500 local residents have received employment support through the five Host Boroughs’ ‘Jobs. It is the first of three construction training schools planned which will provide a combined total of up to 20. provides participants with the valuable transferable skills needed to apply to volunteer at the Games. primarily to meet the needs of the contractors and sub-contractors on the Park site.000 trained and appropriately licensed personnel who will form a key element of the security workforce at the 2012 Games. a pre-employment programme. 2. – The Construction Employer Accord funds site-based coordinators who work closely with contractors and staff to keep people in work and promote training within the construction industry. – Bridging the Gap is a scheme which delivers Security Industry Authority (SIA) licensed young people into the Security and Public Services Industry via the Further and Higher Education sectors. the project will ideally deliver in excess of 6. Stonewall Diversity Champions programme. security and construction. the Changing Faces Charter and the UK Resource Centre for Women in Science Technology and Engineering (UKRC) Charter. Employers Forum on Belief.600 completers and 900 achievers in the Personal Best London volunteer programme and this initiative will be run in all regions by 2010. Futures’ brokerage network. Future.800 registrations. and this continues to be monitored. 16 per cent were women and four per cent were disabled people. By September 2009. By September 2009. – In the last year. Contractors and their supply chains are encouraged to pay the LLW.478 trainees had passed through the National Skills Academy at the Plant Training Centre and Thames House Training Centre in Newham. there have been more than 9.London living wage A high majority of workers are being paid the London Living Wage (LLW) or above (currently £7.000 engagements.

– Recruitment Action Plans (RAP) have been developed by LOCOG to engage organisations across every diversity strand and encourage them to energise their members or networks to register both for paid roles and volunteer programmes within London 2012. and reports into the Diversity Board. CLM. It is chaired by the CEO. – LOCOG has been awarded the Age Positive Employer Champion mark by the DWP. and accessible to all disabled people. and gives a platform for the work of the LOCOG Diversity and Inclusion team. This sets out the framework for how the Olympic Park will be designed and constructed to be inclusive for people of all cultures. faiths and ages. 52 . – The ODA’s Built Environment Access Panel (BEAP) has been established and involves disabled people as users and experts. It meets quarterly and receives a comprehensive quarterly progress report on all activities within the Integrated Equality Scheme. faiths and ages. This also includes a Games mobility service appropriate for an accessible and inclusive Games. reviewing designs prior to planning applications. and women and men of all cultures. The Scheme is shared with the ODA’s delivery partner. – The ODA published its Inclusive Design Strategy in June 2008. which is chaired by the Head of Diversity and Inclusion. – The Olympic Village design meets Lifetime Homes standards and London targets for Wheelchair Homes standards. – LOCOG has established the Diversity Action Team. – The ODA continues to run its Equality and Inclusion Board. In addition. These organisations have put in place strategies and structures to deliver pragmatic outcomes over the next three years: – A London 2012 Access and Inclusion Integration Group has been set up to bring the many accessibility-related workstreams and stakeholders together to ensure spectators have a positive and inclusive experience in London for the 2012 Games (with a particular focus on accessibility for any disabled and Deaf spectators – from when they arrive in London to when they leave). includes members from across functional areas. nationally and representatives from the five Host Boroughs. This is a subcommittee of the ODA Board and is chaired by the ODA Chief Executive. Paralympic Games and legacy for disabled people. – The ODA’s Access and Inclusion Forum (AIF) assists the ODA in delivering an inclusive and accessible Olympic Games. – LOCOG has established the LOCOG Diversity Board which meets on a quarterly basis. – London 2012 works closely with the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) and Jobcentre Plus to demonstrate a commitment to being an employer of choice for people from all groups. – The ODA has benchmarked its work on disability equality against the Disability Standard 2009 run by the Employers’ Forum on Disability and achieved the Bronze Standard. The membership includes a wide range of organisations involved in disability issues across London.– London 2012 has achieved the Positive about Disabled People ‘Two Ticks’ mark and uses this in its recruitment communications. Inclusive design and service delivery The London 2012 Equalities and Diversity Forum has brought together the organisations responsible for utilising the strategic and technical expertise necessary to meet the challenge of delivering an inclusive and accessible Games. recruitment evenings and outreach initiatives aimed at specific communities have been launched. – LOCOG has developed a high-quality access standard to ensure standards of accessible infrastructure and overlay. London 2012 guarantees an interview for every disabled candidate that meets the person specification for a job.

– The London Development Agency (LDA) has produced a new online accessibility guide to more than 800 accessible hotel rooms in the capital. – An activity centre – the View Tube – has been delivered on the Greenway. including priority groups. and serves as a public forum for delivering the public sector duties. – Technical Fora events were held with stakeholder groups to review plans for the venues as part of the town planning consultation process.800 young people) have been involved in helping to inform the legacy plans. 39 It is the four-year cultural programme that celebrates the spirit of the Olympic and Paralympic Games and which aims to give people from across the UK opportunities to be part of the Games 53 . training and employment for participants. – The ‘Construction Crew’ project offers pupils the opportunity to see progress being made at the Olympic Park first-hand. responsibility and presentation skills. – In 2009. – The ODA has published an Accessible Transport Strategy for London 2012. These include the following: – A Community Engagement Programme run by the ODA to enable local people to discuss and understand progress on the Olympic Park development. – site tours. So far more than 8. – monitoring maps of noise and dust posted on the London 2012 website.000 people visited the Olympic Park as part of the Open House programme. – A London 2012 Inclusion Group ensures that diverse communities are consulted with on the ODA’s programme. Communities and engagement In developing our plans for the Games we have undertaken targeted community outreach programmes ensuring that the voices of all local people. – 24-hour construction hotline. This is a fully accessible space which people can visit to find out more about the Olympic Park as it is being developed. – A large-scale. The ODA has worked closely with disabled people in developing this strategy. – London 2012 operate tours of the Olympic Park every day to enable stakeholders and members of the public to see progress first hand. are heard. – a quarterly newsletter called ‘Your Park’. – ‘engage’ newsletters for the Olympic Park and for off park venues. including the Disabled Persons’ Transport Advisory Committee (DPTAC). So far.000 for community-based cultural projects that engage communities in a broad range of arts and cultural activities and provide pathways to skills.4m providing grants of up to £50. The guide is based on an independent audit of every hotel. setting out priorities for improving accessible transport provision in London.500 people (including 1. This is a four-year cultural programme that aims to give people from all communities the chance to be part of cultural activity linked to the Games that will reflect and celebrate the diverse communities which make up London and the UK (see p79). – In March 2008. – The Cultural Olympiad39 launched in September 2008. an increase of 50 per cent on 2007. – The London 2012 Inspire programme was launched in summer 2008. – The Government has set up a unique social networking site that brings together a group of 100 social connectors chosen from the five Host Boroughs. and take part in workshops to promote leadership. It aims to use the Games as a catalyst to participation and wider legacy across the UK. and includes a viewing gallery. the Mayor announced the LDA’s 2012 Games London Cultural Skills Fund: a fund of £1. including: – regular meetings with local community organisations. 4. 18-month public consultation was undertaken by the LDA around the preferred set of legacy plans (the Legacy Masterplan Framework). more than 270 projects have been awarded the Inspire Mark across the UK (see p84).

Palau and Zambia. international inspiration. India. – The Government has funded and worked closely with the British Paralympic Association to develop a school education site (abilityvsability. disability sport. further demonstrating its commitment to diversity and equality. – The Equality Standard for Sport is a framework and vehicle for widening access and increasing the participation and involvement in sport and physical activity. – The Government is investing £5m into the Recruit into Coaching scheme. – In April 2009. regardless of ability. the Government launched a multi-million pound free swimming programme. The aim is to increase the number of people who participate regularly across five distinct areas: sport for young people. LOCOG achieved the intermediate level. The newsletter aims to keep communities involved and updated on the progress and work of London 2012. the ODA and the LDA. 54 .000 new volunteer coaches recruited from the 70 most deprived areas in England.000 teachers. background or location. – The Government is creating a world-leading system that offers five hours of PE and sport each week for all young people. Olympic and Paralympic teams will use these Training Camps to acclimatise and train in the run up to the Games. and for coaches and officials. including news and updates from LOCOG. – The Pre-Games Training Camp Guide includes more than 650 world-class training facilities across the UK. coaches. – International Inspiration (II) is a project which aims to reach young people all around the world and inspire them to choose sport. community leaders and young sports leaders have been trained in the first five II countries – Azerbaijan. co. In October 2009. ‘Involve’.– London 2012 produces a monthly community enewsletter. community sport. Brazil. invested in Paralympic sports (boccia.uk) to develop materials for schools to support whole school improvement through PE. – Sport England has. wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby) through the National Governing Body Whole Sports Plans. for the first time. This will see 10.000 community representatives in London. Nearly 200 councils are offering free swimming to the under 16s and more than 260 are offering free swimming to people aged over 60. which is sent to more than 1. in the funding round for 2009-13. giving priority to 16-25-year-olds who are out of work and out of the education system. The advocates also have the opportunity to feed into Games planning and preparation in order to ensure that plans are as inclusive to as many people as possible. who distribute its information to their communities. – A number of advocates from different communities in London have been identified to extend community engagement and distribute information about Games benefits and opportunities. £5 million Government is investment into the Recruit into Coaching scheme Participants London 2012 provides a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to inspire people across the country to participate in sport and disability sport. goalball. More than 50.

diversity and inclusion. – a commitment to legacy. The Forum also enables members to discuss ways in which communities are preparing for the Games in 2012. For economic. the aim is to achieve greater levels of engagement. They are: – the importance of respect at work. the team provides regular MP briefings and organises nationwide events. The agreement includes a set of ‘Principles of Cooperation’ that recognise the importance of joint working. – recognition of the value of learning. Since the bid was won the Forum has continued to meet quarterly. employment and skills. economic and sporting. inspiration and participation across the UK. An extensive programme of around 60 UK-wide executive visits is also run as part of the communication and engagement remit. in conjunction with the Cultural Olympiad Open Weekend. will be an important consideration in the procurement process. – the potential of partnership at work. London 2012 Forum The London 2012 Forum was set up in 2003 to activate community support for the London 2012 bid. 55 . The sporting aspiration is to increase the level of sports participation and activity as a result of the Games and maximise uptake in Pre-Games Training Camps. Within the social remit. Trades Union Congress London 2012 and the Trades Union Congress (TUC) have agreed to work together to create an ‘inspirational’ Games. The NRG works across three outcome areas: social. the building of quality employment and poverty alleviation. – a commitment to exemplary health. It is a joint secretariat working across LOCOG and the Government Olympic Executive. The group is made up of representatives from the nine English regions and the three devolved administrations of the UK. such as Nations and Regions Day. In addition to this. – the commitment to equalities. as well as facilitating communication and engagement across the UK. This.Key partners London 2012 is working on diversity and inclusion in partnership with the London 2012 Forum. The parties recognise that fair wages can make a significant contribution to regeneration. the main outcomes and aspirations are being driven through the London 2012 Business Network and Tourism Steering Group. about 60 groups are represented on a regular basis. along with local initiatives such as the London Living Wage. Nations and Regions Group and the Trades Union Congress. These Principles identify key values which lay the foundations for a smooth and stable industrial relations environment at the broadest level. maximising economic and social regeneration. Nations and Regions Group The goal of the Nations and Regions Group (NRG) is to maximise engagement and benefit of the Games across the UK. safety and welfare. and – a commitment to environmental and social sustainability. Membership is made up of representatives from many of London’s diverse communities.

56 .

walking and cycling are pollution free. Key areas for action are: – Health and safety – Remediation of contaminated land and cleaning polluted waterways – Air quality – Sustainable food – Sport participation and physical activity – Legacy facilities for community and elite sport and culture Health and safety London 2012 is committed to ‘designing out’ health and safety risks associated with the construction.’ Introduction and strategic approach Living healthy lifestyles. healthy and sustainable lifestyles. Access to good-quality green space encourages both sports participation and play for children. maintenance and use of the Olympic Park and other venues and the Olympic Village. ‘Park Health’ and ‘Village Health’. The ODA Health. engaging in physical activity. our well-being and our happiness. As the world’s pre-eminent festivals of sporting excellence. – Caterers on the park are audited internally and externally by Environmental Health Offices (EHOs) from the Host Boroughs to monitor compliance with food safety legislation and provide advice and support to achieve compliance. – No alcohol is allowed on the Olympic Park site. to the whole UK. Safety and Environment Standard was issued in 2007 and updated in summer 2009. is an essential element of working towards a one planet 2012. and to promoting healthy living among our workforce. and other elements of healthy living. Health matters are addressed in a number of ways: – The provision of healthy food in site canteens. and advice on exercise and activity. – Occupational health teams. – Drinking water is provided by Tier 1 contractors at suitable places in work locations and welfare areas. Advances in public health mean that some of the greatest health benefits that we can achieve are those that are within our own control: eating well. Health and safety is monitored on site and a target for zero fatalities during the construction of the Olympic Park and other venues and the Olympic Village has been set. Healthy lifestyles are tightly linked to other sustainability themes and to the One Planet Living® principle of health and happiness.Healthy living Vision: ‘To inspire people across the UK to take up sport and develop more active. The rolling 12-month accident rate remains well below the industry average and the eighth one million hours without a reportable incident was achieved during the year. The London 2012 Games also offer the chance to tackle health inequalities that profoundly affect east London’s communities. Improving the economic prosperity of these communities could have a major impact in redressing this balance. London 2012 and the London 2012 stakeholders are committed to maximising the health benefits that the Games programme will bring – to spectators. the Olympic and Paralympic Games offer huge opportunities to inspire and promote sports participation. have been appointed to enhance the general well-being of everyone within the project and to carry out health checks to identify and address any health conditions for all workers on site. within the resources of the planet. and living in a healthy environment are among the most important things we can do to improve our quality of life. to workers on site. healthy food from environmentally responsible agriculture is good for consumers and for the planet. play and other forms of physical activity. This provides clear guidance to contractors and their staff on safety standards and procedures. 57 .

In line with Environment Agency guidance a small amount of soil containing traces of this very low-level radioactive material. and in no way poses a risk to the health of the workforce or public now or in the future. our H&S management strategy is focused around six key initiatives: – Developing policies and procedures – Incorporating H&S risk management – Instilling a safety culture – Establishing H&S reporting – Managing contractors – Reviewing and auditing the H&S programme (strategy. petrol. classed as ‘exempt’ under current environmental law. infrastructure) Suppliers and partners shall be made aware of our safety approach through the contractor management process. guidance. To achieve our goal and objectives. The opportunity to clean-up this 245 hectares site in the Lower Lea Valley. to ensure that no person or the environment is harmed as a result of our activities. has been safely buried in a cell under a bridge embankment on site. This significantly reduced lorry journeys in the local area as only a minimal amount of contaminated material was taken to landfill sites. tar. Remediation and pollution control The Olympic Park site was formerly blighted by fly-tipping. safety and welfare. suppliers and workforce work together in establishing and maintaining a safe and healthy work environment. LOCOG is committed to establishing and maintaining the highest possible standards for health. the London Development Agency. In addition. – ensure accidents and near-misses are reported and investigated thoroughly with appropriate corrective actions and lessons learned. The cleaning and clearing of the Olympic Park utilised sustainable techniques to recycle and reuse more than 90 per cent of the demolition material and 80 per cent of soil on site. The unprecedented clean-up began three years ago and has enabled construction to start on or ahead of schedule on all of the permanent Olympic Park venues. suppliers and partners. policies. arsenic and lead as well as some very low-level radioactive material. The LOCOG goal is to have a zero harm safety culture where partners. much of it contaminated through decades of industrial use. and – have our workforce trained in Health and Safety (H&S) for both a preventative and legacy measure.– Workplace sexual health clinics run in partnership with a local Primary Care Trust is just one example of our innovative approach to well-being. industrial contamination on site included oil. we have made explicit our commitment to providing leadership in our health. As expected. – promote a safety culture across our workforce. was one of the key aspects of the London 2012 bid. It is covered and capped on all sides. cyanide. 58 . poor water quality and little public access. safety and environmental management. This safe disposal has been approved by the Environment Agency and the legacy landowner. – The ODA has delivered a health and safety educational programme for thousands of children living near the Olympic Park site. Our objectives are to: – deliver safe Games by managing risks in the planning and execution phase of our operations.

and for the communities that will live in the area after 2012. – Approximately seven hectares have been cleared of invasive Japanese Knotweed. – Eight steel-framed buildings have been reclaimed for business reuse. injecting compounds into the ground which generate oxygen which in turn breaks down harmful chemicals. – More than 90 million litres of contaminated groundwater which existed on the Olympic Park have been treated using innovative techniques including pumping out oil and ammonia. such as the small amount (350 cubic metres) of non-hazardous soil containing traces of very low-level radioactive materials which has already been safely disposed of off site. Another major element of the rehabilitation of this site was the removal of 52 overhead electricity pylons. 59 . – 140 archaeology trenches have uncovered the prehistoric. Power cables were rerouted into two 6km tunnels beneath the Park.000 cubic metres of contaminated soil has been cleaned and reused on site.000 soil investigations have been carried out into contamination on site since October 2006 with nothing unexpected uncovered subsequently. The project began in 2005 and was completed when the last overhead pylon on the Park was removed in December 2008. to be switched underground. using innovative techniques including soil washing and bioremediation (large-scale composting). The Olympic Park powerlines project was awarded the Project of the Year 2009 award by the Association for Project Management. – More than 200 buildings have been demolished with 97 per cent of the materials by weight recycled. This enabled the power needed for the Games. – More than 5km of riverbanks have been refurbished. – More than 80 per cent of 800. 80% of contaminated soil has been cleaned and reused on site Fact file: Cleaning and clearing the Olympic Park – Nearly 3. Roman and Victorian history of the Olympic Park. The removal of these pylons unlocked areas of the site so that construction work on new venues and infrastructure could take place. and controlling the movement of groundwater to prevent contamination entering local rivers.Further small pockets of contaminated material already identified and arising during the ‘big build’ will be cleaned and reused on site wherever possible with minimal materials taken to registered landfills. well over the 90 per cent target. – Nearly two million cubic metres of earth have been moved to form the platform for the Olympic Park ‘big build’.

− Using ultra low-sulphur diesel for site vehicles. − Using wheel washers on site. – expansion of ‘smarter travel’ measures. – Reducing dust emissions from construction sites through best practice guidance and promoting its adoption through planning conditions. provided by an on-site facility. The Strategy will be published in its final form by autumn 2010. – Scaling up schemes to retrofit homes and public buildings to improve energy efficiency and thereby reduce emissions. − Dampening down the site roads. For London 2012. 60 . the Code of Construction Practice includes measures such as: − Transporting 50 per cent of construction materials by weight to the Olympic Park by rail or water. – encouraging the uptake of electric vehicles. air quality management has two levels of focus: – Regional air quality levels determined by national and city level policies. With regard to air quality. and – improving information for the most vulnerable Londoners to enable them to reduce the risk to their health from poor air quality. The CoCP is inclusive of all environmental management requirements and includes measures for minimising effects such as noise and vibration and dealing with pollution incidents. The ODA is also currently undertaking a desk study to review the value for public money of retro-fitting on-site plant with particulate filters. The draft Air Quality Strategy (2009) priority initiatives are: – investment to boost cycling. in order to reduce particulate emissions. from travel choices to energy efficiency. – converting London’s bus fleet to hybrid. – Games-specific measures to optimise air quality in and around venues and to minimise additional or collateral impacts from Games transport and logistics in the host city. − Adding vegetation to stockpiles. − Hard-surfacing roads and enforcing strict speed limits of 15mph. – Regular events to encourage people to walk and cycle more. Games-specific air quality initiatives Preparation The ODA has prepared a Code of Construction Practice (CoCP) which sets out a series of objectives and measures to be applied in the construction of the Games venues and infrastructure and in the transformation of the Park after the Games. – raising public awareness to encourage all Londoners to take action to reduce their emissions.Air quality Air quality is traditionally one of the priority environmental considerations for the Olympic and Paralympic Movements in order to ensure the best possible conditions for athletes to compete in. − Applying an environmentally safe ‘binder’ to piles of soil or material to minimise the amount of movement. − Applying water to materials during demolition. The draft strategy includes the following proposals that will contribute to air quality improvements before the Games: – Cleaning up London’s taxis through a proposed age limit for taxis and minicabs starting from 2012. Regional air quality initiatives The Mayor of London has recently published his Air Quality Strategy for consultation. These are already being developed by the Greater London Authority (GLA) and boroughs through the Homes Energy Efficiency Programme for London. helping to reduce dust blown by the wind.

The delivery of this vision will need to be supported through developing innovative partnerships with Industry. animal welfare. VIPs. including lorries. Our food vision for the Games is: – To enhance everyone’s experience of the Games by celebrating the great diversity and quality of British food and drink. It is an opportunity to celebrate and promote the variety and quality of British regional food. including temporary generators and cooling and refrigeration systems. London 2012 fully recognises the importance of this challenge and is committed to making food a positive part of the Games experience for everyone. − All light goods vehicles accredited to enter Games venues will need to meet at least Euro V emission standards. and delivering it at affordable prices. − All passenger vehicles (category M140) accredited to enter Games venues will need to meet at least Euro V emission standards with a stretch target of Euro VI. or by walking and cycling – see Transport section p73. Sustainable Food The quality of food provision is consistently highlighted as one of the critical issues for all user groups involved in the Games – public. buses and coaches will be covered by the requirements of the London-wide Low Emissions Zone in force at the time (expected to be Euro IV as of January 2012). − Larger vehicles. workforce. media. – To leave a strong. athletes and officials. − All competition venues will be operated as ‘low emissions venues’ at Games-time. A separate London 2012 Food Vision41 is being issued in December 2009 and this will provide greater detail on the specific objectives and commitments based on five key themes: 1. assurance systems and a pro-active communications plan. Food safety and hygiene – Ensure exemplary standards of food safety and hygiene at all Games venues – Develop and apply robust traceability and assurance procedures – Manage risk of targeted malicious contamination of food supply Vehicles designed and constructed for the carriage of passengers and comprising no more than eight seats in addition to the driver’s seat 41 ‘London 2012 Food Vision’ will be available on the 2012 website soon 40 61 . sponsors. LOCOG will work with its fuel partner BP and automotive partner BMW and main logistics partner UPS to seek low emission solutions for Games-time vehicle operations. social and economic impacts which need to be understood and addressed. sustainable legacy for London and the UK by nurturing commercial and educational partnerships. education and training programmes. − The low emissions venue concept will extend to minimising emissions from fixed infrastructure. The food sector also has significant environmental.Staging Games-time air quality management will focus on the following initiatives: − London Best Practice Guidance – Control of Dust and Emissions from Construction and Demolition (November 2006) will be applied at all venues for the erection and dismantling of temporary structures and overlay − Ticketed spectators and workforce will travel to and from venues by public transport (except for those disabled people to whom public transport is inaccessible).

4. As well as advising LOCOG on levels of sustainable catering delivery. McDonalds and Cadbury. These companies are leaders in sustainability practices within the food service sector. Hosting the Games will help the UK’s best athletes achieve their potential and inspire every person. – Supply chain management: while the scale of the operation requires us to leverage the experience and resources of larger service providers.health and food safety. and any other London 2012 partner organisations involved in the delivery of Food and Beverage Services for the London 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. Skills and education One of the main limitations on achieving high-quality operations in the hospitality sector is the transient nature of contract staff and minimal time for training. Government set out its ambitions in its Legacy Action Plan – Before. Environmental management – Waste and packaging (see ‘Waste’ chapter p33) – Catering equipment (energy efficiency and reuse opportunities after the Games) – Reducing and monitoring carbon emissions 5. A Food Advisory Group has been established to provide independent guidance and support to LOCOG. Sport participation and physical activity The Olympic and Paralympic Games represent the pinnacle of world sport. The group comprises representatives from the food and hospitality industry. – Inspiring young people through sport Offer 5 hours of sport per week for all 5-16 year olds by 2012 and 3 hours of sport per week for 16-19 year olds by 2012. Wales and Northern Ireland may differ 62 .2. Food sourcing and supply chains – Product standards: to provide safe and nutritious food produced in a way that has a positive social and environmental impact. regulators. nutrition and cultural awareness. Benchmark standards and aspirational targets will be set for specific product types. more active lives. value and affordability – Providing free drinking water – Providing healthy and nutritious options for everyone – Responsible drinking policy 3. 42 Responsibility for sports policy is devolved to each of the nations. There are three headline ambitions: – Elite Achievement 4th in Olympic Medal Table in 2012 and at least 2nd in Paralympic Medal Table in 2012. Choice and balance – Celebrating diversity – Catering for dietary and cultural requirements – Quality. group members will also work to encourage their respective parts of the industry to take up the challenges and raise the bar of what is both possible and viable. young and old. NGOs and London 2012 commercial partners: Coca Cola. during and after: making the most of the London 2012 Games42. One of the Government’s ‘5 promises for 2012’ is to create a world-leading sporting nation. London 2012 is also committed to promoting diversity within the overall supply chain by including smaller producers and operators. to take part in a range of sporting activities and to lead healthier. Policies in Scotland. – Getting People more active Help at least 2 million people in England to be more active by 2012. The Games offer a unique opportunity to improve the skill levels of a very large population of catering staff by requiring a minimum training. to include customer service (including Games-wide knowledge).

90% of children now doing two hours of PE per week Sport participation Government’s target is to increase regular sports participation by one million by 2012-13.000 athletes supported each year while at college or at university.235 able bodied and 234 disabled athletes. The 2007/08 School Sport Survey showed that 90 per cent of children in England aged 5-16 are now doing at least two hours of sport a week. 63 .000. Almost three quarters of pupils now take part in house matches and leagues. fencing. Elite sport UK Government ambitions for elite sport include the UK gaining at least fourth place in the Olympic medal table in 2012 and second in the Paralympic medal table in 2012.500 athletes competed in Bristol and Bath in 2008. including: – Investment of £550m through the UK Sport World Class Performance Programme.The BOA will be consulting with sport and the general public for their views on whether the desired legacy outcomes are being addressed. judo. table tennis and swimming. swimming and disability events in athletics. this will involve the development of a worldleading community and school sport system. In particular. This will lead to more and better qualified coaches. – National School sports week – Over 10. badminton. supporting 1. – UK School Games – 1. Further key achievements to date include: – More than half a million more people playing regularly than in 2006. Sports include athletics. – AASE (Advanced Apprenticeship in Sporting Excellence) – helping athletes to gain knowledge and wider life skills to be successful. It is hoped that these results will be achieved through increased investment.000 schools participated in 2009 with 3. and 97 per cent of schools held a competitive sports day in the last year. more support for volunteers and a modern club network.000 children taking part. Key outcomes include: Excel – Improved talent development systems for each funded sport Sustain – A 25 per cent reduction in participation drop-off between ages 16 and 18 in at least five sports by 2012/13 – More people satisfied with the aspects of sport that are important to them Grow – 1 million adults doing more sport by 2012-13 – Delivery of the Five Hour Sport Offer engaging more 5-19 year olds in sport It is particularly important to engage young people in sport whilst still at school. By strengthening the sporting infrastructure we will widen opportunities. We are also putting competitive sport back on the agenda in schools. attract more people to participate in sport and improve the mechanisms to keep them inspire and active. gymnastics. hockey. – TASS (Talented Athlete Scholarship Scheme) – 1.

published in February 2009. – Targeting the least active members of society. the free swimming offer for under-16s and over-60s was launched as part of the 2012 legacy commitment. Physical activity is also being promoted through the London 2012 Active Travel Programme (see p73) and the Small Steps4Life project (see p83). in partnership with other organisations. encouraging cycling by providing £140m of funding to Cycling England and 11 new Cycling Demonstration towns. In support of these. The £140m funding is expected to give 20 million young and older people the chance to swim for free in participating pools across England. will lead a significant shift in physical activity behaviour in London. – British elite athletes are some of the best in the world – demonstrated by the achievements in Beijing. – Swimming is the country’s most popular sporting activity. the nine gold and two silver medals won at the recent World Cycling Championships in Manchester. – Ensure that the increase in physical activity is as common in the least active half of the population as in the highest.000 people more active by 2012 – increasing the number achieving three sessions of 30 minutes activity per week. Be Healthy’.uk/publications/public-health/ go-london!-an-active-and-healthy-londonfor-2012-and-beyond 64 .nhs. for example. – Ensure that the increase in participation in physical activity will contribute to narrowing the gap in health inequalities by ensuring that the entire system promotes physical activity. from public. Go London will maintain focus on three key strategic objectives: – Use the once in a lifetime opportunity for hosting the Games as a catalyst to generate a measurable and sustainable increase in physical activity participation among Londoners up to and beyond 2012. private and third sectors.000 people out of inactivity by 2012 – reducing the proportion of the population who exercise for 30 minutes less than one day per week. The benefits of the above commitments and investment are already being seen. with £7m/year walking marketing campaigns. – Ensure 30. – Creating a better environment for physical activity. with: – 90 per cent of children now doing two hours of PE per week. – Have 300. such as the free swimming campaign for priority groups. ‘Be Active. 43 london.Physical activity Government is committed to encouraging more physical activity throughout the country. – Removing barriers and creating incentives for people to engage in physical activity. NHS London published its Go London strategy for an active and healthy London for 201243 in July 2009. The strategy sets out ambitious targets: – Lift 150. setting out how NHS London. – Healthier families – a £75m social marketing campaign (‘Change 4 Life’). focusing on: – Encouraging Primary Care Trusts to invest more in physical activity. The Department of Health-led Physical Activity Plan. and the 21 golds at the Paralympic World Cup. In April 2009.000 more people achieve the recommended level of exercise by 2012 (30 minutes of activity five times a week). complements the above action on sport.

including the opportunity to try something new in a world-class setting. development and talent identification athletes) to train and compete in the five world-class sports venues to be retained on the Olympic Park. from local and regional events to national and world-class sporting championships.Legacy facilities for community and elite sport and culture London 2012’s legacy plans include event hosting. £7. the Olympic Park can boost healthier lifestyles. and enhance its offer to local communities and to families. The Mayor has already begun to deliver on the plan’s commitments. clubs and teams. – Build capacity and skills. The plan’s four key goals are to: – Get more people active. – A magnet for sports tourism: as part of the growing east London visitor economy. the Olympic Park will be used to celebrate the Games memory through actively pursuing and hosting major events. The plan aims to deliver a grassroots sporting legacy from the 2012 Games by securing a sustained increase in participation in sport and physical activity among Londoners. whether for a day or longer. academic under-achievement and lack of community cohesion. – Transform the sporting infrastructure. 65 . – Maximise the benefit of our sport to society. and can be boosted by coach training schemes and other initiatives that will embed the Olympic Park as the ‘playing field of London’. The Olympic Park Legacy Company has now been set up and has identified the potential post Games sporting offer of the Olympic Park under six key headings outlined below: – A great place for events: after hosting the greatest event in the world in 2012.5m of which will be invested in community sport facilities. active recreation. the memories that it holds and the attractions that it includes. – A focus for active recreation: the Olympic Park can have an impact on everyone’s lifestyle by providing opportunities for walking. – A centre for high-performance sport: a legacy for high-performance sport can be cemented by encouraging elite and talented athletes (including podium. high performance and community sport. launching Make A Splash in partnership with the Variety Club and other private and charitable organisations. schools and universities to use venues and facilities. – A place for play: through creating an environment in which formal and informal play is promoted and supported. has committed £15. Make A Splash will see two mobile swimming pools deployed in boroughs across London for 12 weeks at a time helping to combat the lack of swimming facilities in London. ‘A Sporting Future for London’.5m to community sport over the next three years. jogging. and announced the establishment of the London Community Sports Board. informal play and sport. including ill-health. but also through its offer as a place to get involved and try something new. and by using sport to assist in tackling social problems. – A resource for community sport: lasting benefits for local people and community sport across east London can be delivered through supporting local residents. crime. the Olympic Park can draw visitors not only through the events that it hosts. The publication of the Mayor’s Legacy Sports Plan for London. play and sports tourism.

66 .

and impact on natural environment Procurement and materials Sourcing materials with low-embodied carbon Minimising waste at source.Cross-cutting themes Vision: ‘To embed sustainability in all planning and implementation. Programme element Planning and design Climate change Waste Biodiversity Creation of new habitats on and around buildings Inclusion Healthy living Environmentally efficient and climate-proofed design and construction Using architecture and urban design to create inclusive places that boost cohesion and regeneration Maximising connectivity Accessibility standards Language services Signage Accommodating faith groups Environmental monitoring equipment Health and safety Remediation of contaminated land Venue environment management plans to include resource use (energy. While we focus on five key themes – Climate Change. water. promoting use of secondary materials Policies on ecologically sensitive materials: such as timber. pollution monitoring (water and air quality). waste management.’ Introduction and strategic approach Sustainability lies at the heart of every stage of the London 2012 programme. food and flowers Ethical procurement and fair employment Sourcing healthy materials and ensuring health and safety on site Active Travel Programme Low emission vehicles Transport and logistics ‘Public Transport Games’ Freighting materials by rail and water Re-use of materials on-site to reduce off-site transportation Low emission vehicles Accessible vehicles Games Mobility Service 67 . The three principal examples of this are illustrated below and described in detail in this chapter. Waste. there are many programme activities which relate to more than one theme. Healthy Living and Inclusion – in this Sustainability Plan. materials). Biodiversity.

including plant. ecology. Environmental planning and monitoring Before work started on the Olympic Park site. the venue for Equestrian and Modern Pentathlon. measures have put in place to reduce the effects on the environment and the local community. Dorney Lake) to ensure they are relevant to the work being completed. In addition.php 45 london2012. LOCOG has carried out a detailed scoping exercise to identify potential issues and is seeking screening opinions from local planning authorities to confirm the types of study and information required for formal planning applications. This work looked at the likely significant effects of the Olympic Park project on the environment and the measures necessary to manage them. Broxbourne. This minimises construction impacts and provides for a more sustainable legacy by avoiding building structures with no viable after-use. noise.com/making-it-happen/ sustainability/environmental-monitoring/ monitoring-reports. flooding and transport.com/making-it-happen/livingnear-the-olympic-park/index. Greenwich Park. Venue Environmental Management Plans are required for the Olympic Park: these will be developed in time for Test Events in the summer of 2011 and finalised for submission to the Planning Decisions Team by December 2011. Planning consent is also required for staging the Games at all venues. The statement considered issues such as air quality. Work was also undertaken to understand the existing environmental conditions on the site. noise. Some Games venues. A similar approach will be adopted for other Games venues. Before and during construction. even those that will be used on a temporary basis.Planning and design London 2012 will use a higher proportion of existing and temporary venues than in recent Games history. Project specific targets determined from the ODA’s Sustainable Development Strategy have been set for off-Park venues (for example. There is more information about our environmental monitoring programme online45. london2012. Weymouth. an Environment Statement was produced as part of the formal planning application. LOCOG will provide a Sustainability Statement for all venues requiring planning consent. these include monitoring of noise and dust and a 24-hour construction hotline44. water and air quality surveys. animal. water quality.php 44 68 . will require a full Environmental Impact Assessment – for example.

and the promotion of environmental enhancement where possible. The sustainable design requirements will provide the supporting framework for the outsourced design teams and Venues Project Managers to achieve the Design Strategy’s commitment to sustainability. The LOCOG Design Strategy sets out a number of core principles and four key commitments: – Design quality – Brand and vision – Sustainability – Accessibility Following on from this. Procurement and materials Sustainable sourcing is defined as the procurement of products and services with environmental. social and ethical issues in mind. but our suppliers and licensees will have a particularly significant role. existing venues and the Olympic Park – and through brand representation and application. Zero waste to landfill – the reduction of waste through design and good practice. to ensure that the environmental and social impacts of the venue during its installation. As well as contributing to the sustainability of the venue. London 2012 has established three sustainable design aims. Leave no trace – the prevention of permanent adverse impacts on the environment through design and environmental incidents during installation and deconstruction. practices based upon the following four principles: – Responsible sourcing – ensuring that products and services are sourced and produced under a set of internationally acceptable environmental. going beyond regulatory compliance.Sustainable design Design plays a key role in delivering the 2012 vision through its representation in the built environment – historic venues. or further develop. such measures should yield savings. – Healthy materials – ensuring that appropriate substances and materials are used in order to protect human health and the environment. London 2012 aims to ensure that permanent Olympic Park venues will achieve a BREEAM rating of ‘Excellent’ and that there is a Level 4 Code for Sustainable Homes rating in the Olympic Village. – Use of secondary materials – maximising the use of materials with reused and recycled content. – Minimising embodied impacts – maximising resource and energy efficiency in the manufacturing and supply process in order to minimise environmental impacts. towns of the nation. In particular. live sites. and anyone who may be affected by that work. temporary venues. and ethical guidelines and standards. Everyone plays a part in delivering London 2012’s vision for a sustainable Games. 69 . testing and commissioning are taken into account from the outset: Zero harm – the prevention of accidents and ill-health and the promotion of well-being for everyone involved in work for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. streets. either on capital costs and/or whole-life costs. minimising packaging and designing products that can either be reused or recycled. social. London 2012 is challenging suppliers and licensees to adopt. To achieve our sustainability objectives for the Games. and the maximisation of reuse and recycling of material in the construction and deconstruction process.

One such area relates to our desire to get greater transparency on where products are sourced and manufactured and the conditions that are in place at those locations. and gain a complete overview of the trading relationships within their supply chain 46 70 . and – prepared a second edition of the Sustainable Sourcing Code. – joined Sedex as an ‘A Member’47. The majority of LOCOG’s procurement activity will commence from mid-2010 and peak in the year leading up to the Games. Challenging questions are being asked of industry. run reports on their supply chain. – implemented a prioritisation exercise to review all Games spend areas to identify sustainability risks and opportunities. In preparation for this. and other spend relating to individual projects or events it has held. office-related services. and review and identify key performance measures for our sourcing programme. sedex. In – – – – future.org. we will: review our approach to supplier evaluation and supply chain assurance. we have: – introduced standard sustainability clauses in supply. introduce a supply chain complaints and investigation mechanism. LOCOG is asking questions of certain parts of the supply chain that have never been pushed in this way before.uk 47 Sedex A membership is for retailers and brand-owners who are at the top of the supply chain. appoint a panel of independent supply chain auditors. The Supplier Ethical Data Exchange (Sedex46) is a key tool to help achieve this – in addition. merchandise licensing and sponsorship agreements and contracts. Most of LOCOG’s sourcing activities to date have related to sponsorship deals. merchandise licensing deals. It is for companies who wish to: view data on their supply chain. which is now in its second edition.Core principles of the LOGOG Sustainable Sourcing Code – – – – – – – – – – – – Labour practices Health and Safety Diversity and Inclusion Animal welfare and testing Animal and plant products Timber and timber products Publications and other printed materials Sustainability related certified products Reducing waste Recycled content Packaging Waste electrical and electronic equipment Responsible sourcing Use of secondary materials Minimising embodied impacts – – – – Environmental management Supply of products Transport Low-carbon Games Healthy materials – Restricted substances and materials – Heavy metals and brominated fire retardants These principles are reflected in the ODA’s Procurement Strategy and LOCOG’s Sustainable Sourcing Code. – developed and rolled out a procurement governance model whereby sustainability is one of the value for money criteria.

the scope for recycling or re-use (with an emphasis on the importance of closed loop reuse and recycling options). A general policy statement has been agreed by the Olympic Board (see Materials Policy below). through use of method statements. the Olympic Board agreed that London 2012 (the ODA and LOCOG and partners. usage or disposal processes. mechanical. It includes temporary products (seating. including the scope for potential harm to the environment and public health. and a catalyst for industry innovation to occur. or it may be standalone. for example in the Olympic Village 48 71 . including: – Whether the identified use is necessary or merely desirable. backlight and project onto a material. representatives or organisations acting on their behalf. installation and dismantling. including (but not limited to) the GLA Group and Government departments and agencies.com/documents/imported/ use-of-hfc-policy. and furnishings such as wraps and carpet. etc). supply. etc. and the extent to which the use could be minimised or excluded. including sponsors) will employ and maintain a clear and consistent policy for mitigating the impacts of manufacture. such as structural integrity.Materials The selection of materials is a fundamental part of sustainable sourcing. especially where this offers greater opportunity to promote or promulgate sustainable procurement. London 2012 will remain mindful of the importance of reducing use of all materials and will seek to use materials which minimise environmental and social impacts.com/documents/imported/ use-of-pvc-policy. water-proofing. – Availability and suitability of substitute materials. In making decisions. In the event that the balance of factors leads London 2012 to procure. Materials Policy In May 2009. Following the above general criteria. use and disposal of all materials for the London 2012 Games. platforms. Decisions on which material or materials to use on a particular project will be taken on the basis of an assessment of a range of factors. supply. london2012. at any stage in the manufacturing. and will adopt rigorous approaches in order to achieve that. It may be added to permanent or temporary venues and facilities. – Any wider implications or requirements affecting the use. lease or otherwise use a material which carries potentially adverse environmental or social impacts. The London 2012 stakeholders will work with the Materials Forum to consider the scope to apply specifications for materials for the London 2012 Games to other organisations. ventilation and air-conditioning).pdf 49 london2012. Assessments shall also take account of the possibility and desirability of using a mix of materials for the same or similar solutions. etc) and services (electrical. ramps. they will seek to take all reasonable steps to mitigate those impacts (for example. – Environmental and social impacts across the whole life cycle. ease of use. each of which shall be evaluated on the same criteria. such as the ability to print on. London 2012 will regard the Olympic and Paralympic Games as an opportunity for sustainable procurement to inspire change. ‘Look of the Games’. London 2012 has published two specific policies relating to material use: – Use of PVC for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games48 – Use Of HFCs for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games49 LOCOG has convened a Temporary Materials Forum to provide independent guidance on the choice of temporary materials for temporary venues and overlay50 for the Games. contractors. Note that these can be permanent as well. the percentage of recycled content. – Cost and value for money. – Fitness for purpose. and embodied carbon. signage. tents. waste water.pdf 50 The event-specific temporary installations required for the Games.

The London 2012 stakeholders will also work with the Materials Forum to develop specifications for the use of other materials for the London 2012 Games which will address the respective social and environmental impacts of those materials. LOCOG will also work with its partners and key stakeholders to establish whether opportunities exist to promote and take forward its approach to temporary materials outside of the Games. Selection of the materials and components used to create overlay and where they go afterwards is crucial in respect to sustainability. However. They will also work with the Forum to review. LOCOG’s official engineering design services provider. all timber used in the construction of the Olympic Park meets this commitment. then timber and timber products that can be verified with appropriate documentation in respect to their origin and legality are acceptable. Timber A Timber Supplier Panel has been established for the Olympic Park to support the commitment to source 100 per cent of timber from legal and sustainable sources as defined by CPET and in line with Government policy. – The ODA received the ‘Achievement in Sustainability Award’ at the 2009 Timber Trade Journal Awards for the set up and management of the Timber Supplier Panel. A Temporary Materials Handbook is in development which aims to provide guidance to the client. there is no recent precedent for a temporary event on this scale and complexity in respect to sustainability. The Handbook will focus on how to select materials with the following hierarchy of objectives in mind: – Zero waste to landfill – Protect human health and the environment – Minimise embodied energy The Temporary Materials Handbook has been developed in collaboration with Atkins. 72 . design and procurement teams on how to manage the sustainability impacts of materials selection. and will be fully rolled out to temporary venues and overlay design teams during 2010. update and agree these and other materials’ specifications. Where it can be robustly demonstrated that it is not possible to supply items from FSC-certified sources. as appropriate. – To date. LOCOG’s Sustainable Sourcing Code states that the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification scheme is approved for the purposes of both ‘Legal Timber’ and ‘Sustainable Timber’. A significant number of temporary facilities and materials will be required for London 2012 – more so than previous Games.

the ODA undertook a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). London 2012’s approach to sustainable transport seeks to: − encourage 100 per cent of spectators and workforce to travel to London venues by the most sustainable modes. The SEA will be formally reviewed and updated and published alongside the second edition in autumn 2010. – create an additional sustainability experience for Games visitors. The Active Travel Programme will provide information to promote walking and cycling during the Games for spectators and workforce. This is being achieved through delivery of a walking and cycling physical infrastructure upgrade programme to existing cycle paths. 73 . air quality. There will be no private car parking for spectators at any venue. In particular it covered areas such as climate change.Transport and logistics The first edition of the London 2012 Transport Plan was issued in October 2007. Sustainability is a key part of the transport strategy. ODA investment in walking and cycling infrastructure includes 80km of walking and cycling route improvements within London. walking or cycling. and 20km outside London. spectators and accredited members of the Games Family will receive free travel on London’s public transport system on the day of the event for all events in the London area. 80km of walking and cycling route improvements within London Active Travel Programme London 2012 aims to encourage spectators to use more sustainable forms of transport including forms of active travel. except for some Blue Badge parking. namely public transport. For details of emission standards see Air Quality section p60 and Climate Change chapter p15. – provide a healthy journey option. − minimise the carbon emissions and impacts on air quality generated by the transport arrangements. and noise related to the transport plan. To support this aim. Strict parking controls will be implemented on a temporary basis around each venue to support this strategy. A second edition is currently in preparation alongside which there will be a separate Sustainable Transport publication. and – assist in reducing demand for public transport in peak periods. and − leave a transport legacy after the Games in terms of behaviours and practices. This will: – help to reduce the carbon impact of transport provision. The purpose of the SEA was to ensure that environmental impacts were taken into consideration at the earliest opportunity. − encourage long-distance domestic and near continental visitors (including teams and officials) to use rail rather than air transport. As part of the development of the first edition of the Transport Plan. to be delivered by December 2011.

which includes trials of new and innovative carbon reduction technologies. Examples of technologies include efficiency measures on escalators and the use of foot-fall from passengers to harness electrical energy. The ODA has also considered renewable energy options for West Ham Olympic gateway station. integrating UK-wide operators of transport modes to improve journey times and information. Other sustainability improvements include: – A Transport Coordination Centre (TCC) has been established. – ODA Transport is currently engaging with academic experts in public health and contributing to a longitudinal study into the health benefits of the intervention of the ODA-funded transport improvements. There are plans to integrate energy harvesting units into staircases at West Ham to provide lighting. – Directly managing and delivering transport projects – for example. Stratford Regional Station upgrade. heating and other power consuming assets (such as escalators). The Stratford Regional Station upgrade programme is now part of London Underground’s sustainable stations initiative. The London 2012 transport infrastructure enhancements will increase capacity. it is planned to install automatic metering (AMR) at Stratford with a Building Energy Management System (BEMS) that will allow for the automatic/remote control of lighting. These improvements will play a significant role in the regeneration of east London and leave a wider positive transport legacy.Transport infrastructure The ODA and its partners have also invested heavily in other infrastructure projects which are expected to contribute to longer-term reduction in carbon emissions through potential mode shift. 74 . – Enabling projects to be started and finished before 2012 that would not otherwise materialise until some time after that date. Using Transport for London climate change funding. now 80 per cent complete The investments fall into three main categories: – Enhancing transport projects such as co-funding part of the new fleet of trains for the Docklands Light Railway. 80% Stratford Regional Station upgrade. now 80 per cent complete. improve reliability and will be delivered and used before the Games and will remain long after 2012 to provide a lasting benefit. – The Accessible Transport Plan has been completed and ODA Transport is working with key stakeholders on the agreement of infrastructure improvements with London Underground and Network Rail. Work such as increasing the capacity of the DLR by 50 per cent and increasing from two to three car platform lengths will reduce carbon emissions per passenger/km in addition to providing a transport link from south of the river to Stratford for employment and leisure opportunities.

provision of a community operated bus service to all projects on site in order to support the private car ban for workers on site and the promotion of public transport. cycle to work days with cycle mechanics available to service bikes. warehousing services and the transportation network of vans and lorries that links them. − Operation of the Games Logistics and Command Centre to manage all Games transportation and logistical operations. LOCOG is committed to maximising the use of rail and river freight at the Olympic Park for the Games. this will be a major challenge due to the varied nature of the Games-time supply chain and the time pressures within which it operates. 75 .Logistics Transport is not all about the movement of people. the official logistics and express delivery supporter. The specifics are included under different and relevant themes throughout the document. The ODA’s logistics programme has been underpinned by a wide range of sustainability criteria covering a diverse range of projects from the delivery management system. including specifications for emission standards for commercial vehicles to provide an integrated approach to venue logistics services. Sustainability is integral to the delivery of the Games logistics operations. supply of low-sulphur diesel. and healthy eating events. the movement of goods and materials plays a massive part in delivering the Games. procurement of aggregates and concrete. In partnership with UPS. The major investment in infrastructure and facilities by logistics on site to support sustainable construction targets has also been accompanied by a programme of activities on site including cycle route maps. However. the provision of 400 cycle parking bays. LOCOG will undertake the following initiatives: − Development of a Logistics Sustainability Plan. consolidated waste management programme to healthy catering on site etc. promoting cycling to work. provision of wharfs and marshalling yards. As the world’s largest logistical peace-time event.

76 .

Partnerships and outreach Vision: ‘Engaging people within their own environments and communities through dialogue, practical projects and a wide range of sport and cultural activities.’

Introduction and strategic approach One of the unique aspects of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games lies in the way they can touch so many people in different walks of life. Beyond sport, the Games inspire activities in a wide range of cultural, educational, research, environmental and business spheres – locally, nationally and internationally. With such a reach, the Games provide a uniquely powerful platform from which to communicate messages about sustainability and to showcase its relevance, and ultimately its simplicity, to vast numbers of people. There are great expectations of London 2012: not only was sustainability flagged as a major element of the bid, there is also a societal expectation that these Games will mark a step change in sustainability performance. This goes beyond merely delivering against technical commitments in the bid. It is in keeping with the mood of the time – and the sense that this is the moment when sustainability must come into sharper focus for everyone. The core promise of the London 2012 Games – as expressed in the final bid presentation to the IOC in Singapore in 2005 – is to connect young people to sport and the Olympic and Paralympic values. This is a value-driven agenda and to achieve this important change will require the combined efforts of people and organisations from many different sectors: culture, education, sport, businesses, media, public bodies and the third sector. Sustainability is a common thread across each of these areas. In this chapter, we describe how we are using these different channels to promote, showcase and inform our sustainability agenda. Commitments Stakeholder engagement After undertaking a detailed review of its engagement mechanisms with sustainability organisations, London 2012 has put two main streams of engagement work into operation: – Reactive programme – system to handle questions and enquiries relating to sustainability issues. – Proactive programme – complementary mechanisms to facilitate dialogue and engagement with stakeholders to involve them in the delivery of sustainable Games and to share best practice. Technical working groups London 2012 is committed to working with specialist organisations and individual experts to help develop technical guidance and strategies for the sustainability programme. This will be achieved through a number of specific technical advisory groups and fora. Local environment programme London 2012 will develop community-based projects in the Host Boroughs surrounding the Olympic Park to improve local environmental quality and to build a sense of local involvement in the Games.

77

Sponsors Most London 2012 commercial partners are expected to include sustainability as part of the activation of their partnership. This may include: – Employee engagement (for example, volunteering activities) – Promotional materials and activities – Specific sustainability projects relevant to their category Sustainability Partners London 2012 has created an additional marketing rights designation of Sustainability Partner. This is limited to a maximum of six companies who will work with the Organising Committee to implement and promote sustainability initiatives associated with the Games. The collective reach of these companies through their employees, customers and supply chains is considerable. The focus on sustainability is a powerful message to convey to these large stakeholder groups. The added benefit is that while the specific Games-related sustainability initiatives may be temporary, the positive impacts on sponsors and their constituents can be much more long-lasting. The designation ‘Sustainability Partner’ is reserved for companies which: – supply products essential to the staging of the Games and which provide significant benefits in relation to sustainability, both within the context of the 2012 Games and generally, and assist London 2012 in achieving its sustainability goals; and – agree to focus their partnership activation (promotional activities) on sustainability themes, including participation in specific London 2012 sustainability projects. Each Sustainability Partner will develop its own sustainability project(s) for London 2012. In addition, as a group of partners, they will seek to operate in three ways: – Joint sustainability projects, including sustainability showcasing – Exchanging best practices – Advocacy support The ambition of the Sustainability Partners is to work together, with London 2012, to inspire a step change in the way sustainability is perceived and delivered. While the specific focus of this will be on the Games, the intended legacy of behaviour change is much wider. Details of the Sustainability Partners’ individual and collective projects to activate the sustainability programme will be finalised in the first half of 2010, allowing a full two-year period for implementation and promotion up to and including the Games. Sustainability ambassadors London 2012 sees the 15,000 Olympic and Paralympic athletes as critical ambassadors for healthy living. A number of athletes and leading sustainability advocates will be recruited to add weight to promoting the sustainability programme, particularly during the final year preceding the Games.

78

Media and broadcasters For most people their contact with the Games is through TV. The broadcasters have the greatest reach of any Olympic and Paralympic stakeholder. They are also a major component of the Games infrastructure and have potentially significant impacts on the planning and fitting out of venues. LOCOG will work with the network broadcasters, including the IOC’s Olympic Broadcasting Services to achieve two objectives: − to minimise their carbon emissions and other sustainability impacts in delivering Games broadcasting; and − to support the communication of the London 2012 sustainability story to help inform and influence vast audiences. Education ‘Get Set’ London 2012’s education programme will be a vital part of sustainability communications and outreach strategy. Education will be one of the principal means for us to inspire young people throughout the UK and across the world. Sustainability will be applied through specific education modules, as well as being integral to the programme as a whole. Cultural Olympiad The London 2012 Cultural Olympiad51, which began in 2008, is a UK-wide cultural programme that is harnessing the power of the Games to inspire creativity across all forms of culture, especially among young people. It is designed to give everyone a chance to be part of the Games and to leave a lasting cultural legacy beyond 2012. Projects ranging across film, music, theatre, festival and outdoor spaces will be launched throughout 2010. These projects provide a unique opportunity to promote sustainability in different and fresh ways to new audiences. London 2012 will approach this in the following ways: − Opportunities will be sought to embed sustainability messages into Cultural Olympiad projects. − All Cultural Olympiad projects will be made aware of London 2012’s emphasis on sustainability and expected to follow our Sustainability Guidelines for Corporate and Public Events where applicable. Achievements Details of London 2012’s stakeholder and community engagement initiatives are given in the ‘Inclusion’ chapter, see p47. The following section outlines the principal ways in which sustainability is being built into programmes and outreach initiatives. Technical working groups A number of specialist topic working groups and expert panels have already been established (for example, for advising and developing plans on biodiversity, carbon footprinting, waste management, temporary materials, sustainable food, active travel and access). These bring together representatives from NGOs, academia, social enterprises, public authorities, businesses, and London 2012 commercial partners.

51

To find out more about the London 2012 Cultural Olympiad visit london2012.com/ culture 79

Helped establish the five working groups Biodiversity Changing Places Continued steering of the programme and support in the extension of the programme beyond the five host boroughs in east London Ongoing informal advice and liaison of the programme and support to the five working groups 80 . help allocate the budget.Technical working group Carbon Remit Advise London 2012 on technical and strategic aspects of carbon footprinting and climate change mitigation Advise and support LOCOG in development and implementation of the Waste and Resource Management Strategy and related strategies and action plans Advise and support LOCOG and other delivery organisations in respect to assessing. and aid decision making Stakeholder group To act as an informal advisory and liaison body for the programme and bring new ideas from outside the management group Established April 2006 Developed portfolio of projects to complement and support core Games programme Established June 2009 Developed business plan including communications plan and critical success factors Established March 2007 Informed initial development of Local Environment Programme. advise on emerging issues and support promotion of carbon footprint methodology Continue advisory role and support roll out of strategy and support specific actions/ workstreams Waste and resource management Temporary materials Established February 2009 Continue advisory role and support delivery of the Advised on how to Temporary Materials Handbook approach temporary and support actions relating to materials in respect to specific materials sustainability Established March 2009 Seven sub-groups worked on product standards for different food types Informed development of London 2012 Food Vision Continue advisory role and support the development of the London 2012 Active Travel Programme Continue advisory role Continue advisory role and support roll out of Food Vision and development of sustainable food supply chains Food Active travel Advise and support London Established in 2007 2012 in development and implementation of walking and cycling initiatives for the London 2012 Games. Advise and support LOCOG in development implementation and promotion of biodiversity conservation initiatives Management group To steer the direction of the programme. sourcing and specifying temporary materials in respect to sustainability Advise and support LOCOG in development. implementation and promotion of Food Vision and related strategies and action plans Progress to date Established March 2008 Reviewed and agreed methodology for carbon footprinting the Games Established November 2008 Advised on initial scoping review and approach to developing the Waste and Resource Management Strategy Future activities and key milestones Review progress.

Launched in March 2009. The five working groups are: – Green and Beautiful – aesthetic improvements. 81 . – Partners of the Community – levering in the skills and people resources of the London 2012 commercial partners. such as graffiti. – Participation – providing local people with opportunities to improve their own neighbourhoods. a range of environmental improvements were made to the Lea Valley Park and the waterways that surround the Olympic Park. the fund will be extended beyond the five Host Boroughs. plants or materials. a stakeholder group consisting of more than 40 organisations.000 volunteer hours were built up.000 grants of up to £1. Changing Places is working with a range of stakeholders to help promote existing initiatives and develop and deliver a range of new projects. and – Community Resource – providing the tools for the local community to lead their own improvements. such as open space enhancement. £1. for example.000 will be given to community groups for the purchase of tools. Grants of up to £1. – Clean and Safe – addressing the negative aspects of our local neighbourhoods. During the course of the events more than 1. Working with a range of stakeholders. where a block of flats had been demolished.Changing Places programme The London 2012 Changing Places programme (formerly the Local Environment programme) is using the Games as the catalyst for improving local environment quality in some of the most deprived communities that surround the Olympic Park and other Games venues. Working in partnership with Lea Valley Regional Park Authority and Thames21. Highlights include: – Victoria Dock Road – local food growing Changing Places was given the use of a vacant plot of land in Canning Town in the London Borough of Newham. – One-day events During 2009. and working groups developing projects around five themes. The plots have been given to a combination of local residents and community groups.000 will be given to community groups for the purchase of tools. Subject to further funding. – Community Fund A small grants programme has been created to enable communities surrounding the Olympic Park to apply for small pots of money to undertake their own environmental improvements. a ‘grow bag’ allotment was created using large builders’ sacks of soil. a series of events was created to enable the community to volunteer their time. plants or materials During 2009 a range of projects have been delivered within each of the working groups. that will help lead to community-driven environmental improvements. The objectives of the programme are: – To secure lasting environmental benefits – To enable communities to develop new interests and learn new skills – To promote sustainable communities and lifestyles The programme is structured into a small steering group.

The sixth and final Sustainability Partner. an advice programme helping people to reduce their home energy carbon footprint by up to 20%. incubators and MR scanner. designed as a focal point for people to take daily action towards a low-carbon lifestyle and inspire the nation to work together to lower the country’s carbon footprint by the time the Games arrive. GE announced plans to donate £4. Building on the success of its 2012 Carbon Challenge campaign in the UK EDF Energy has launched ‘Team Energy’. using innovative technology to improve healthcare around the world. James Cracknell (double Olympic Champion. EDF Energy aims to use its London 2012 Sustainability Partner designation to encourage millions of people to take daily action in the fight against climate change. articles. a high tech learning centre just outside the Olympic Park which will be moved on site after the Games to provide an ongoing learning environment harnessing the power of sport to engage people in education.8m ($8m) worth of medical equipment. Sustainability ambassadors In June 2009. BMW was announced in November 2009. east London. The donation is part of a GE Healthcare programme. July 2009 EDF Energy launched an annual ‘Green Britain Day’. In June 2009. to Homerton University Hospital in Hackney. ‘healthymagination’. 82 . presentations and attending specific events.Sustainability Partners The first London 2012 Sustainability Partner was announced in July 2007: EDF Group. and promoting the London 2012 sustainability story via media interviews. liaising with London 2012’s Athletes’ Committee. His role includes providing advice on sustainability issues from an athlete’s perspective. rowing) was appointed as London 2012’s first athlete Sustainability ambassador. The six London 2012 Sustainability Partners are: – BMW – BP – BT – Cisco – EDF – GE BT is sponsoring the Legacy Playing for Success Centre. including foetal monitors.

mentoring. Cultural Olympiad Major Projects At the heart of the London 2012 Cultural Olympiad are the Major Projects that encompass a wide range of culture from art to music and theatre.gov. waste and transport. Regional Development Agencies and national and regional arts organisations across the UK. and will work with a consortium of arts.php 55 london2012. LOCOG works closely with the Government and the Mayor of London. Schools are encouraged to undertake activities in four areas: energy.direct.com/get-involved/culturalolympiad/major-projects/stories-of-theworld. – BT Coaching for Life – this is a web enabled scheme to promote coaching as an essential life skill. In partnership with the UK Arts Councils and British Council. This project began in April 2009 with the MLA and will involve young people of all backgrounds. while two of the eight strands directly link to the London 2012 Sustainability programme: Sustainability and Regeneration. which will see the cultures of the world understood and interpreted in new ways. get active and feel good. smallsteps4life.com/get-involved/culturalolympiad/major-projects/unlimited 52 53 83 .org 54 london2012. – BP Trading Challenge – LOCOG is working with BP to run enterprise workshops in each of the UK’s nations and regions over the next year. cultural and disability organisations across the UK to deliver an exciting and dynamic programme of events. the London 2012 education programme. water.Education Get Set. Unlimited will incorporate a series of major commissions for disabled and deaf artists and organisations as well as providing workshops. Projects that have already launched include: – Stories of the World54 is a series of 14 major exhibitions in more than 50 leading museums. LOCOG is developing Unlimited in partnership with the national Arts Councils. The BP Trading Challenge will enhance learning. and Healthy and Active Lifestyles. relevant to many aspects of life as well as sports. – Unlimited55 is a project that uses the power of the 2012 Games to profile the creative talents and ambitions of disabled and deaf people. career and training advice. along with a network of partner organisations such as the Arts Councils. It will also be developed internationally. from every part of the UK. We believe this is the first initiative that supports young people’s physical and emotional wellbeing. The aim is to turn the UK into a nation of coaches by skilling adults (particularly parents) so they can help young people unlock and develop their talents. Examples of projects: – SmallSteps4life52 aims to motivate and support young people (aged 5 to 16) across the UK to take small achievable everyday steps to eat well. galleries and libraries across the UK. in school and in their communities. festivals and showcases.uk jointhepod. whilst also increasing knowledge and understanding of the Olympic and Paralympic values. aims to involve children and young people in the excitement and inspiration of the Games. Libraries and Archives Council). It is part of the London 2012 Inspire programme and also sits within the Healthy and Active Lifestyles strand of the Get Set education programme. BBC. This project is part-funded by the Olympic Lottery Distributor using National Lottery funds. becoming ‘curators’ of the collections and objects held in participating museums. with the aim of inspiring and educating young people to live more sustainable lifestyles at home. MLA (Museums. libraries and archives. – The Pod53 is an EDF Energy activation to encourage schools to be greener as part of the Sustainability and Regeneration strand of the Get Set education programme. Sustainability underpins all aspects of the education programme.

4m awarded to 12 major new works of art Open Weekend57 Following the success of its 2008 launch. Inspire projects with a culture theme are officially recognised as part of the London 2012 Cultural Olympiad. artiststakingthelead. sustainability and culture.com/get-involved/ open-weekend 58 london2012. culture. Open Weekend 2010 will take place on 23-25 July.4m has been awarded to 12 major new works of art which were announced in October 2009. volunteering. A total of £5. The Inspire Programme has six strands: sport. The objective of the programme is to get the whole of the UK pushing beyond their personal best and our strategy to achieve this is to build a grassroots network of people. there are more than 300 projects on the programme. In 2009 there were 23 sustainability-focused projects in total.uk london2012. London 2012 Open Weekend returned in 2009 to celebrate art. from ballet to beach volleyball! Fifty-seven events taking place as part of London 2012 Open Weekend were recognised with the London 2012 Inspire mark.– Artists Taking The Lead56 is a project which allows artists to dream up inspirational ideas for 2012 and to use the nation as a blank canvas.000 ideas were submitted that showcase sustainability – from the reuse and recycling of energy and materials to raising awareness of environmental/social issues and opportunities. Inspire projects The London 2012 Inspire Programme offers non-commercial organisations the opportunity to be ‘part of it’. The three-day celebration featured 800 events held by around 500 organisations across the UK. with thousands of people enjoying the chance to do something different. showcasing the UK’s creativity to the world. It is an open submission scheme on an unprecedented scale: across the UK over 2. with all projects being encouraged to consider sustainability through the London 2012 top ten tips for sustainable events. communities and organisations inspired by the 2012 Games to do something exceptional. and everything that makes up the London 2012 Games. Successful projects will be able to carry the Inspire mark on their publicity material and benefit from marketing and communications support. The Inspire programme58 is open to non-commercial organisations that have created innovative and exceptional initiatives and events inspired by London 2012. business opportunities. Each one is encouraged to consider its sustainability implications and opportunities via the London 2012 Sustainability Guidelines for Corporate and Public Events. education. So far. to try something new. recognising projects and events that are truly inspired by London 2012. sport. £5.co.com/inspire 56 57 84 . inspired by London 2012. Arts Council England and other national Arts Councils run this project.

This project should help see more Londoners walking and cycling.org. to truly connect with and benefit from the Olympic and Paralympic Games. This project aims to inspire.uk/about rhs. the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) and London 2012 launched The Great British Garden Competition60 in April 2009. Tessa Jowell. Jubilee Greenway Project In celebration of the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee and the London 2012 Games.Inspire programme: case studies Medley Mix-up This Open Weekend project involved dressing the Southampton Bargate Monument with materials from Southampton Scrapstore. ambitious outdoor animation which will touch people from all walks of life. and the North-West. Lakes Alive Lakes Alive is a new programme of high quality street arts events and festivals across the Lake District and Cumbria which has been running since May 2009. a registered charity which recycles surplus paper and goods from local businesses to provide low-cost art and craft materials to the community. 59 60 jubileegreenway. the Jubilee Walkway Trust has developed the concept of a new 60km (35 mile) Jubilee Greenway59 circling inner London.uk/news/olympic. Community Pride in Canning Town North The local community used the London 2012 Games as inspiration to improve their local area through a day of activities including litter picking and the design and construction of a Games-inspired mural. The challenge for the entrants into the adults and children’s category was to design a garden that celebrated British culture and environment. The programme is working to the principles of BS 8901 – Sustainability Management System for Events.asp 85 . Great British Garden Competition The Minister for the Olympics.org. It will leave a strong and lasting legacy and enable Cumbria.

86 .

Governance and reporting Introduction and strategic approach When the first edition of the London 2012 Sustainability Plan was published. The Olympic Board is supported by the Olympic Board Steering Group (OBSG). They are responsible for ensuring that sustainability is represented at the OBSG and in other senior-level policy discussions across the London 2012 programme. This was the case when developing the London 2012 policy statements on the use of PVC and HFCs (see p71) and in determining the final details of the carbon management strategy. This. – How assurance will be provided to external stakeholders Management arrangements Members of the Olympic Board take joint responsibility for championing sustainability within their respective organisations. which comprises senior representatives from London 2012 and the London 2012 stakeholders. Now the principal architecture of the London 2012 programme is well established but there will continue to be changes. Ad hoc sub-groups are occasionally formed to bring together relevant members of the London 2012 Sustainability Group and other technical experts to consider specific issues. governance and reporting arrangements were at an early stage in development. sits above the London 2012 Sustainability Group. the London 2012 Sustainability Group will be cochaired by the Mayor’s London 2012 Advisor and the Sustainability Director from Defra – having previously been chaired just by the former. and across the London 2012 programme. From January 2010. 87 . – The measurement and reporting of performance. Figure 3 overleaf sets out the overall governance structure. in turn. This chapter sets out: – The management and integration of the sustainability programme. together with other relevant Government departments and the British Paralympic Association. The Commission for a Sustainable London 2012 (CSL) also attends some meetings but not for all items.

Meets every three months. The guidelines will be kept updated following event experience and feedback. commercial partners and media organisations. These have been developed primarily for our internal event organisers and those involved in delivering London 2012 corporate and public events. suppliers. London 2012 published its Sustainability Guidelines for Corporate and Public Events (such as conferences. such as venue managers.Figure 3 Olympic Board Chair of LOCOG Minister for the Olympics (Joint Chair) Externally via website Chair of BOA Mayor of London (Joint Chair) ODA Chair Met Police Commissioner OPLC Chair Minister for Sport Reporting Olympic Board Steering Group Government Olympic Executive Director General (Chair) ODA Chief Executive BOA Chief Executive Mayor’s Advisor. 88 . Provision of assurance to the Olympic Board and external stakeholders Communities and Local Government Director Department for Transport Director 2012 Sustainability Group Role: Coordinates internal and external stakeholder engagement in relation to all sustainability and environmental issues. cultural events and promotional launches). London 2012 Olympic Lottery Distributor Chief Executive LOCOG Chief Executive Home Office Director General BPA Chief Executive OPLC Chief Executive LOCOG Communications Director Commission for a Sustainable London 2012 Oversight of the sustainable aspects of the London 2012 Programme. licensees. Delivery Assurance Integration In February 2009. Shares best practice across the programme and owns Sustainability Plan.

These include project and venue management. finance. which will provide advice and consider the case for elevating the issue to the Olympic Board Steering Group. Lead ODA Outcome measures Operate management system which is in compliance with the requirements of ISO 14001 Environmental Management System and British Standards on Sustainability Management Operate sustainability management systems (SMS) which are in compliance with the requirements of BS 8901:2009 ‘Specification for a sustainability management system for events’ Target Compliance Progress commentary The ODA has developed an integrated Environment and Sustainability Management System. The City Operations programme is in the early stages of development. ODA Transport about to commence gap analysis review Target met in all relevant reports to date Next steps Continual monitoring and review LOCOG ODA Transport Compliance Implementation of recommendations from assurance reports Achieve third-party verification of compliance by 2012 All No significant issues identified No red as a result of thematic and or amber annual reviews undertaken ratings* by the Commission for a Sustainable London 2012 Continue to achieve target Implementation of key CSL recommendations * In the event of any red or amber ratings being recorded. as appropriate. with the ambition that its use will be rolled out across the GLA Group by 2012. Specific management system commitments and targets are shown in the table below. to the London 2012 Sustainability Group. It is therefore important that the principles and messages of this Plan are integrated into the planning and delivery of key services in London and the other host towns and cities across the UK. Several recommendations have been made to bring the SMS into greater alignment with the standard. which has been externally audited and certified to ISO 14001 LOCOG BS 8901 compliance has been initially reviewed as part of an internal Sustainability Governance Review undertaken by LOCOG Risk Assurance. Further detail on how sustainability is being incorporated into the programme will be included in the annual progress reports on this plan. 89 . sustainability is being fully incorporated into internal management systems. procurement. through the emerging multi-agency City Operations programme. management review and internal audit arrangements.The GLA is working towards applying the standard to all of its Games-related events. information management. London 2012 will put in place an action plan to address the issue(s) raising. City Operations We can anticipate that many visitors to the London 2012 Games will spend more time in the host city and country than attending Olympic or Paralympic events in venues. human resources. Within the delivery organisations.

with the ambition that its use will be rolled out across the GLA Group by 2012. A select number of key performance measures and targets are reported quarterly to the OBSG. To complement the application of BS 8901 procedures.org 61 90 . Other key sustainability issues are raised ‘by exception’. Both organisations aim to finalise a sustainability policy and strategy by summer 2010. As London 2012 stakeholders. Reporting The London 2012 Sustainability Group reports annually on the performance measures used in assessing achievement against this Plan. UEFA and the environment departments from the governments of Austria and Switzerland. both organisations will vigorously support the implementation of this Sustainability Plan and contribute to this agenda in their capacity as the National Olympic and Paralympic Committees for Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 2008 – Vancouver Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games. During 2010. This new standard has already become an important driver for continual improvement within the event management industry and London 2012 will continue to work with BSI. venue owners/managers and major suppliers to encourage its application across the sector. Switzerland and Austria.Key stakeholders The British Olympic Association and ParalympicsGB are committed to the sustainability agenda. revised 2009) ‘Specification for a Sustainability Management System for Events’. Germany. 2008 – Beijing Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games. Notable publications in recent years have covered the following major events: – Turin Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games. member National Governing Bodies and athletes. 2006 – Melbourne Commonwealth Games. This project commenced in 2009 and is scheduled for late 2011. UNEP. They will use their influence to promote sustainability to their partners. 2006 – FIFA World Cup. Defra will be leading Government work to build awareness and uptake of the standard within the event and waste management industry. 2010 – annual reports London 2012 – with support from Defra – has embarked on a project with the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)62 to develop an event sector supplement to GRI’s internationally recognised sustainability reporting standard. Event reporting Sustainability reporting is relatively new to sport events and events generally. Measurement and reporting Event standards London 2012 has been a key inspiration behind the development of BS 8901 (2007. London 2012 Sustainability Guidelines for Events 62 GRI is a network-based organisation that has pioneered the development of the world’s most widely used sustainability reporting framework and is committed to its continuous improvement and application worldwide – globalreporting. London 2012 has published its own ‘Sustainability Guidelines for Corporate and Public Events’61. Additionally. 2006 – Euro 2008. both of whom are committed to working towards compliance with the standard and will seek third party verification before the end of 2011. London 2012 is supporting the development of BS 8901 into an ISO standard. As an event sector standard BS 8901 is particularly relevant to LOCOG and ODA Transport. The BOA and ParalympicsGB are cooperating in their approaches. Other participating partners in the project include the IOC. The GLA is working towards applying the standard to all of its Gamesrelated events. and sustainable operational plans. These will be reviewed and updated on a regular basis.

outcome-based assurance on the sustainability of the London 2012 programme. In time this will create a valuable international research resource. Thus far. we will repeat the process of collating a report card against which current progress for all the commitments in the London 2012 Sustainability Plan will be reported. In 2001. The Commission’s 2009 Annual Review will include a progress report.We will develop our future sustainability reports to align with this new GRI reporting framework. and will be available in April 2010. This will enable London 2012’s last annual sustainability report before the Games to be issued according to this format in late 2011 or early 2012. the Commission has made more than 80 key recommendations through annual. and in advance of the introduction of the GRI format. representing a major advance in ensuring transparent reporting on the Games. All other current Olympic and Paralympic Host Cities are also undertaking the OGI study in their respective cities and countries. This fulfils one of the principal sustainability commitments in the London 2012 bid and is the first time an independent assurance mechanism has been set up in this way. the Pre-Games Report. Assurance London 2012 believes that the unique nature of the Games and the increasing profile of sustainability require an innovative and flexible approach to assurance focused on delivery and outcomes. To fulfil this need for credible. All data from the OGI study will be lodged with the UK Data Archive at Essex University. social and economic indicators over a 12-year span covering the entire Olympic and Paralympic project in a Host City. governance and thematic reviews. To ensure that there is a continuous record of achievement against each commitment. A second phase.org 91 . especially the legacies they generate. The OGI study is being coordinated by LOCOG in partnership with the Economic and Social Research Council. adjusting procedures or governance. This is based on monitoring a range of environmental. This will be published on the London 2012 website in early 2010. is due to be completed in autumn 2010. Region and Country. which are predicated on the need to follow prescribed approaches or specific requirements but which do not in themselves inform on performance. we are also interested in the effects of our activities. the IOC initiated work to develop an impact evaluation study of the Games: the Olympic Games Impact Study (OGI). Greater London and the UK. This goes beyond conventional certification schemes. London 2012 responds to the Commission’s recommendations by altering the work programme. In 2008. The Commission tracks progress against recommendations it has made and reports progress quarterly to the Olympic Board. The Commission’s findings and recommendations are presented to the Olympic Board and made publicly available via its website63. Impact evaluation In addition to our performance against stated objectives. or creating policies as appropriate. an independent Commission for a Sustainable London 2012 has been established. Economic and Social Data Services at Essex University were commissioned to produce an Initial Situation Report drawing on publicly available data sources to provide the contextual situation in east London. 63 cslondon. This is being carried out by a consortium led by the University of East London.

some effects play out in the pre-Games period and others will not be revealed for several years. The UK Government is committed to undertaking a comprehensive impact evaluation of the 2012 Games. 92 .OGI is primarily a data gathering exercise. Real impact evaluation is a complex undertaking to identify causal effects attributable to particular activities. which reports to the Olympic and Paralympic Legacy Board. The final OGI report is due to be submitted to the IOC by July 2015. In the case of London 2012. some impacts are immediate. The overall evaluation and research programme is being coordinated by a newly formed London 2012 Games Evaluation Steering Group. Data from the OGI study and other evaluation studies (such as those being carried out by the London Development Agency and other Regional Development Agencies) will support the overall impact evaluation.

which creates a powerful identity for London 2012’s sustainability programme and provides a framework for achieving sustainable Games in accordance with the London 2012 Candidature commitments and with respect to Olympic and Paralympic ideals. and – demonstrate the UK is a creative. healthy and sustainable lifestyles. – inspire a new generation of young people to take part in local volunteering. Drawing on these principles. recycle’ to facilitate long-term individual behavioural change. − Waste: Our aim is for the 2012 programme to be a catalyst for new waste management infrastructure in east London and other regional venues and to demonstrate exemplary resource management practices. visit and for business. Through this sustainability policy we aim to support the following legacy goals: – make the UK a world-leading sporting nation. the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games (LOCOG) and the Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA). The UK is leading the world in facing up to this challenge and the Games provide a platform for demonstrating long-term solutions in terms of energy and water resource management. We will minimise waste at source. and whilst we will address all elements of the diverse themes which make up sustainability. inclusive and welcoming place to live in. British Olympic Association (BOA) and British Paralympic Association (BPA). 93 . training and education opportunities. economic and social regeneration of the Lower Lea Valley and surrounding communities. cultural and physical activity. infrastructure development. This is encapsulated by the concept ‘towards a one planet 2012‘. and facilitating the physical. − Inclusion: We aim to host the most inclusive Games by promoting access. − Climate change: Climate change is a global issue. along with HM Government. In addition to complying with all applicable legal requirements. − Healthy living: We will use the Games as a springboard for inspiring people across the country to take up sport and develop active. notably by minimising embodied impacts and optimising energy efficiency. – transform the heart of east London. transport. are committed to working together to maximise the economic. environmental and sporting benefits the Games bring to London and the UK. – make the Olympic Park a blueprint for sustainable living. and promote the waste hierarchy of ‘reduce. health. and to encourage the sport sector generally to contribute to nature conservation and bring people closer to nature. employment. This will be supported by the provision of new infrastructure and facilities. This vision and the strategic objectives for the Games are underpinned by the principles of ‘sustainable development’. Greater London Authority (GLA).Annexes Annex A: London 2012 Sustainability Policy London 2012’s vision is to use the power of the Games to inspire change. divert construction waste wherever feasible and all Games-time waste away from landfill. Communities across the rest of London and the UK will be encouraged to identify and take full advantage of direct and indirect opportunities arising from the Games. social. We aim to minimise the carbon footprint of the Games and legacy development. we believe we can make the biggest impact and achieve the most beneficial outcomes by focusing London 2012’s sustainability efforts upon five headline themes. celebrating diversity. − Biodiversity: We aim to enhance the ecology of the Lower Lea Valley and other London and regional 2012 venues. locally seasonal food production and carbon impact mitigation and adaptation. reuse. energy demand and use of low-carbon and renewable energy sources.

the GLA Group. nations and regions. sports authorities. Boris Johnson. businesses. key performance indicators and targets. services and sponsorship sustainably with an emphasis on supplier diversity. and British Olympic Association Chair. the ODA and official stakeholders will ensure that adequate resources and personnel are engaged to deliver against the objectives. as well as other social and ethical criteria as appropriate. Tessa Jowell. outcome-based and transparent assurance on the sustainability of the London 2012 programme. community groups. Originally approved 28 June 2006 Revised version approved 02 December 2009 The Olympic Board (Mayor of London. professional bodies and academia to help leverage the opportunities provided by the Games and to utilise the power of the Olympic and Paralympic brands to mobilise enthusiasm and maximise benefits. the International Olympic Committee. – Establishing an independent Commission for a Sustainable London 2012 to provide credible. Colin Moynihan) 94 . Olympics Minister. – Developing active partnerships with non-Governmental organisations. LOCOG. BOA. BPA. Each organisation will also have its own specific objectives. working closely with the Host Boroughs. which will be continually reviewed and improved to take account of evolving policies. LOCOG Chair. – Integrating sustainability principles into the day-to-day management of LOCOG and the ODA. – Procuring goods. and the International Paralympic Committee. central Government. fair employment and environmental attributes. Progress against the overall objectives will be charted by regular sustainability reporting.Management and delivery of sustainability The Olympic Board together with the Boards of Stakeholder organisations will ensure the delivery against these objectives through the following measures. Sebastian Coe. standards. best practices and technology.

Annex B: From One Planet Living® to legacy promises This table shows how the principles of One Planet Living® are reflected in the five sustainability themes used in this document and in turn how these five themes underpin the legacy promises published in June 2007. themes and promises is reflected in the way that certain themes recur. cultural and physical activity Making the Olympic Park a blueprint for sustainable living Health and happiness Local and sustainable food Healthy living Health and well-being Inspiring a new generation of young people to take part in volunteering. cultural and physical activity Making the UK a world-leading sporting nation Making the Olympic Park a blueprint for sustainable living Waste Waste Water Materials Making the Olympic Park a blueprint for sustainable living London 2012 ODA sustainable Sustainability Themes development objectives Climate change Carbon Transport and mobility Legacy promises Making the Olympic Park a blueprint for sustainable living 95 . One Planet Living Principles Zero carbon Sustainable water Sustainable transport Local and sustainable materials Local and sustainable food Zero waste Local and sustainable materials Local and sustainable food Sustainable water Natural habitats and wildlife Sustainable water Culture and heritage Equity and fair trade Health and happiness Inclusion Biodiversity Biodiversity and ecology Land water noise and air Inclusion Supporting communities Access Employment and business Transforming the heart of East London Making the Olympic Park a blueprint for sustainable living Transforming the heart of East London Demonstrating the UK is a creative. visit and for business Inspiring a new generation of young people to take part in volunteering. The interrelation of different principles. inclusive and welcoming place to live in.

Biodiversity. Towards a one planet 2012 (November 2007) A plan to describing the sustainability commitments and challenges for London 2012. − Principles of Cooperation (September 2008) Document detailing the Principles of Cooperation between London 2012 and the Trades Union Congress. waste. venues and transport. − ODA Inclusive Design Strategy (June 2008) This strategy describes how the ODA intends to meet its inclusive design objectives. The economic and social benefits arising from the regeneration associated with the design and build of the Olympic Park and venues should reach all communities and segments of the population. − London 2012 Sustainability Plan. including themes such as environment. Waste. − ODA Employment and Skills Strategy (February 2008) ODA strategy outlining how it will create new jobs. – Environmental Statement (non-technical summary) (May 2007) A summary relating to the Environmental Statement that forms part of the Olympic. 96 . increase sustainable skills among local people and improve links between employers. Paralympic and Legacy Transformation planning applications – ODA Equality and Diversity Strategy (July 2007) Diversity was central to the bid for London to host the 2012 Games.Annex C: Background documents and more information London 2012 policies – London 2012 Candidate File (November 2004) This details the original plan for London 2012. − London 2012 Sustainable Development Policy (June 2006) Details the over arching approach to sustainability by all delivery organisations under the five headline themes of Climate Change. both current and prospective. social and ethical issues − LOCOG Guidelines on carbon emissions (November 2008) Guidelines on carbon emissions of products and services for suppliers and licensees. inclusion and healthy living during the construction phase for the Games. biodiversity. Safety and Environment Standard (July 2008: 3rd ed) This set out the plan that good health. − Open (February 2008) The LOCOG Diversity and Inclusion Strategy. suppliers (both current and prospective) and licensees covering environmental. − ODA’s Equality and Diversity Strategy (July 2007) The ODA’s commitment to equal opportunities. Inclusion and Healthy Living. The five themes were split into 12 objectives to enable monitoring during construction. which sets out a framework for how it can deliver this vision for the benefit of future generations. – ODA Sustainable Development Strategy (January 2007) This strategy covered the issues of climate change. − Accessible Transport Strategy (May 2008) New initiatives and planned schemes to host a truly inclusive 2012 Games. − LOCOG Sustainability Sourcing Code (November 2008) The London 2012 Organising Committee’s code for internal buyers. − Towards a One Planet Olympics (February 2005) This was a complementary document to the Candidate File produced in partnership with WWF-UK and BioRegional. design and construction operation. − ODA Design and construction: Health. – Commitment to Sustainable Regeneration (February 2007) An outline of the ODA’s commitment to sustainable regeneration. − Parklands and Public Realm planning update (September 2008) Leaflet detailing the ODA’s plans for the parklands during the Games including details of plans to upgrade the Greenway. safety and environment policy would be integrated as a core element into every planning.

uk – Assuring a Legacy: The Sustainable Development Assurance Framework for the London 2012 Games Programme cslondon.org Further information and comments For further information. − London 2012 Policy for the use of hydrofluorocarbons for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games (October 2009) Statement setting out the parameters for the use of HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons) in London 2012 venues. − Sustainable design and construction update (November 2008) The ODA’s progress on London 2012’s sustainable development objectives.uk – Go London! An Active and Healthy London for 2012 and Beyond london.gov. please send them to sustainability@london2012. during and after: making the most of the London 2012 Games culture. please visit london2012. Towards a One Planet 2012. − Pace – issue 4: Walking and cycling (March 2009) Outlines how London 2012 plans to encourage more people to walk or cycle to the Games and to future major events.uk – Before. − Pace – issue 5: Accessible Transport (July 2009) Update on how elements of the ‘Accessible Transport Strategy’ have progressed since it was first published in May 2008. − Sustainability Report Card (November 2008) An itemised chart of progress on the commitments and challenges detailed in the London 2012 Sustainability Plan. disability. − London 2012 Policy on the use of PVC for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games (October 2009) Statement setting out the parameters for the use of PVC fabric for the London 2012 Games.uk – Be Active. − London 2012 Sustainability Update (November 2008) The first annual progress report on the London 2012 Sustainability Plan. − LOCOG Diversity and Inclusion Business Charter (September 2009) Outlines LOCOG’s diversity and inclusion objectives for business and the procurement values that support them.com London 2012 stakeholder policies – Your 2012 – available at london. focusing on ten key topic areas. gender. All available at london2012.gov.com If you have any comments.− LOCOG Packaging guidelines (November 2008) Guidelines on packaging for current and prospective suppliers and licensees. − Integrated Equality Scheme 2009-2012 (March 2009) Sets out the ODA’s objectives and arrangements for promoting equality including age.gov. race.com 97 . − Investing in the Future (November 2008) This outlines how we are using the Games as a catalyst for long-term benefits. Be Healthy dh. − London 2012 Sustainability Guidelines – Corporate and Public Events (February 2009) Guidelines setting out how London 2012 will improve the sustainability of events. religion or belief and sexual orientation. originally published in November 2007.nhs.

due to the timing of this work and the phasing of the Olympic Park construction programme. Inevitably.Annex D – Measuring the London 2012 carbon footprint Methodology Our initial approach to carbon footprinting was set out in the first edition of the London 2012 Sustainability Plan. – adoption of industry standard practices. The footprint calculations. We have classified London 2012’s varying degrees of control and responsibility as follows: – Owned: wholly funded core activities for which the entire associated carbon footprint is allocated to London 2012 (for example. This was supported by a Technical Advisory Group comprising individual specialists from universities. – anticipated spectator behaviours. in particular. jointly funded transport infrastructure projects). In this case the footprint provides a means of assessing the effectiveness of the measures already planned and undertaken. Defra and the Carbon Trust. The full report on calculating the London 2012 footprint is being published separately as a stand alone volume to provide an early example of knowledge transfer. office utility use. The London 2012 approach uses the concept of a ‘reference footprint’ – an assessment of what the Games’ footprint would have been before efforts to reduce it are included. however. have been independently reviewed and assured by KPMG. The method used for calculating the reference footprint builds on existing greenhouse gas accounting principles and. This is the most practical approach but it does bias impacts onto the construction phase. specialist consultants Best Foot Forward were commissioned to calculate a full reference footprint for the entire 2012 project. NGOs and Government. most of the strategic choices for addressing carbon emissions in the design and build phase were made before the footprint work was concluded. 98 64 ghgprotocol. venue construction) plus a proportion of the footprint from jointly funded activities attributable to London 2012. the Greenhouse Gas Protocol64 and the Publicly Available Specification. Scope The first critical step in calculating and managing the carbon footprint of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games is to define the boundaries. a whole-life analysis should demonstrate a positive overall legacy of a low-impact neighbourhood and further work is being undertaken to quantify these. In reality. including methodology and underlying assumptions. – Shared: the footprint associated with the partner contributions to jointly funded activities (for example. The reference footprint has. – an assumption of average sectoral emissions per £ spent. proven useful for considering choices for staging the Games and planning legacy development. – an assumed similarity with past Games. Additional independent commentary and review has been provided by the Commission for a Sustainable London 2012.org . by applying low-carbon design principles to the project. businesses (including London 2012 commercial partners). PAS 2050 developed jointed by BSI. During 2008. Calculating the reference footprint The reference footprint assumes a ‘business as usual’ approach to sustainability based on the following: – basic legal compliance. the carbon footprint calculation is based on accounting for carbon emissions at the time they are made and does not account for legacy benefits. In the methodology.

merchandise and broadcasting. pre-Games preparations of Olympic and Paralympic teams and the global sale of TVs and viewing of the Games). subjective. In fact. for example. Live Sites. which are not funded by London 2012 but over which we may be able to exert some degree of control and/or take responsibility for the resulting footprint. is the decreasing levels of control and responsibility through the three sections (see Figure below). What is clear. The distinction between the two sub-categories of associated activities is inevitably. sponsors. This is split into two sub-categories: – Measurable activities related to the London 2012 Games of client groups (for example. however. – Wider. the boundaries of the second sub-category cannot be defined. to some extent. London 2012 carbon footprint boundaries Boundary of measured London 2012 carbon footprint Owned Di mi nis hin g co Shared nt ro la nd re sp on Associated-3a sib ilit y Associated-3b 99 . A further complication is that many of the transport infrastructure schemes being prepared for the Games (projects which mainly fall within the shared category) were scheduled to happen anyway. Some aspects of the event are difficult to classify. media and spectators) and other parties over which we may exert some influence. global impacts over which London 2012 has negligible control or responsibility and will not be able to measure in any meaningful way (for example.– Associated: activities associated with the 2012 Games.

Decision tree for footprint boundary setting and allocation Project/activity Third party funding London 2012 money spent? Yes 100% Allocation No Allocation X% & (100 – X)% No Yes X 100 – X% Shared Consequence of London 2012 programme Yes Does London 2012 have any influence? Yes Can emissions be estimated? Yes Owned Associated No No No further consideration No Out of Scope Results and analysis The reference carbon footprint of the London 2012 project is estimated to be approximately 3.7 MtCO2e). transport infrastructure and upgrades (0. We believe this methodology gives the most practical. This enables London 2012 to factor out all activities over which we have no financial control and no meaningful influence or means of measuring emissions.Footprint allocation This classification of impacts based on degrees of control and responsibility gives a rationale for the allocation of our footprint.4 million tonnes CO2e. Games operations and spectators. When broken down into its individual components the overall footprint comprises nearly 250 individual items.4 MtCO2e). However.7 MtCO2e (19 per cent) The owned emissions relate to the construction of the venues and infrastructure for the Games (approximately 1. comprehensive and consistent approach to scooping the carbon footprint of such a complex undertaking as London 2012. This is broken down as follows: Owned emissions – 2.4 MtCO2e (15 per cent) Associated emissions – 0. These are responsible for at least 80 per cent of the component footprint (see table on next page). the most important segments are: construction of venues and infrastructure.2 MtCO2e) and Games operations (0.3 MtCO2e (66 per cent) Shared emissions – 0. which is illustrated. 100 .

900 (18%) Other 250.000 Spectator travel – air.448. These figures confirm that the strategic focus should be on reducing embodied impacts. utilities. in particular hiring equipment and prioritising reuse and recycling.000 (7%) Travel grants 28. transport.000 (50%) Technology 50.159.000 (6%) Merchandise 56.000 (7%) Main Stadium 129.000 Olympic Park works* 828. media and sponsors 1. The majority of the emissions identified above relate to the regeneration of the Olympic Park site.000 (21%) Staging (LOCOG) 400. It is not realistic to pull out a ‘Games only’ footprint as much of the work on the site has been necessary to provide the platform for staging the Games.000 (37%) Accommodation 102.500 (7%) Games workforce – catering and uniforms 15.000 (13%) Associated and shared impacts Spectators.000 (5%) * Olympic Park works include structures.889.000 Venues overlay & fit-out 199. road and rail 449. This can be achieved through design specifications. The breakdown of the footprint components for staging the Games also shows a preponderance of embodied impacts in materials for overlay and fit-out of venues.London 2012 reference carbon footprint: summary of main items Total Owned impacts Construction (ODA) Reference footprint 3. as well as being for the long-term legacy of the area.000 (9%) Media Centre 130.000 (44%) Olympic Village 391.000 (13%) Other 58.000 (9%) transport 34. highways. selection of materials and concentrating on the top levels of the waste hierarchy. Note: percentages may not exactly add up to 100 per cent due to rounding errors. 101 . the Energy Centre and numerous other non-competition construction works.000 (39%) Transport infrastructure 429.000 (9%) Media 66.000 (5%) Transport Infrastructure Games Family 161.000 (tCO2e) 1. bridges.700 (4%) Other 72.

Thank you London 2012 would like to thank our partners for their support The London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games Ltd Worldwide partners Official partners Official supporters Official suppliers and providers Airwave Crystal CG Holiday Inn Populous Atkins Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP McCann Worldgroup Ticketmaster Boston Consulting Group GlaxoSmithKline Nielsen Trident .

All rights reserved. Please consider the environment before printing this document.com This document is only available electronically.com This document and the official Emblems of the London 2012 Games are © London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games Ltd (LOCOG) 2007. London. 103 . E14 5LN Switchboard +44 (0)20 3 2012 0 0 0 Fax +44 (0)20 3 2012 0 01 london2012.com or phone +44 (0)20 3 2012 000 and quote reference LOC2009/58 This document can be found in the publications section of london2012. If printing is necessary try to use double sided printing or use scrap paper where appropriate. A summarised version of this publication is available on request in other languages and formats.London 2012 One Churchill Place Canary Wharf. To obtain these please email enquiries@london2012.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful