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bi d I ill,

Igness snc camp exity.



We biegin' with, bjg,lJess' anld icomplexify cd tile; :to da,'f ;fOiWlJ1,.

,From ,an ,Eufropean poin,; ,o,f vie~, ,P,aris of ,t.es ,H;dl'es - and 0,' .La' Vile,fte~

A ,nd' ~hiijI#h tne ae m' '~lP"ikd: '0' 'f',c, K' L~Ifi\""'[IIl.., B' l'i,"I; ;i'"'i(nm"n"e':, V~N!t ,;J.,II:a.[DinT~'O~ p-' ,~ii""iI n,n,If'!oi1'!5 'do, , ...... ,y' ;C'"~m' '1m' :--\&F!in N'Ct' '~I 'dos' 'r' ~

, j~'l~"·· 'If[j',I',f; ,I"r~~ -,' IU -,'L '1 tJur~l .. · [: >, ,·· .. ·'.1, li:~1'iI11~J~ , ~,I~-U1', 1~\J!.·.>':A:'~J·· I[J~l!i:P:v.illIl!J~llo ,,_-: .. J!·U:~'IU'~~\.': ~I ,"' ~'111 " _.:. ,'-". ~ Uti lty 1':'1' t .•• ·• •

wha:f ,kind of pro,b,le,m doe,s the city ,rep,resen f '-or' u,rban design p,r.a c. titionfJrs?'

Fo'" '-f" ~' ~mi ..... [h, ,;iII\il..\c, ,~~r- · ..... iMI\.i oili:£!i, ,riIit '~\h\£ii, t'iI;r,nb,,[i:Dffl"" ./jo;;,n,nfin- > 'n~t' 'Li' ~n- ,- ili"1;~~.o,iHii I "'.', ~,t\· ," -..I<~-[cni! ~'f'o ~i).;,ia 'filjl',~f. ~~.'·n" ",-' , _ ". 'L:.r:. ",IILoJ ~ ,[,M"~' ;;:),11 u\u,(u, l~ II<,} IJJ I!i;< ,,....,'1 ~ _- Jili;Oi',l lVr;p"-i1 [u, "f, J t tB ~dI '~11i;'1Ii ill 81"t¥8diOJi iI'~ to ,[.M' ~~. fJ,)! ;,]i[[ ,[1,' ,$ g

desig~ne.rs ,have to f.ind out ,a,bout ,and they have to ,have ,a ,method tor dQing this'"

IIAlka,F"iI 0 ,~+- -den+ dem-i'i!!iIJi"iI..4 +ifi1j L)"\II"ii""'" ~ IAL,,",.:!I;IIi, ~,~ m' ..,,~#( ~m' ptJf!4 -,,#.I") - .~,i,"I;J! ji<!!!ll,J' ..... i:1;,;i!jj:j!".e!l ..... fl!!;,j;! nlf' ,I!!!! pJI,CFo.- 1i!'1'(,~j'~lj· i;:i: '~II:,U, .' r: .., ... ' Oidl~'O' l:(.ir. l~\t.ioJr !V,vtto'l. /:0;, ~i!.::iil: I," ·tita .' ;t .... Vl.;j;u;e:i, iL,J,-g"'g':L;..[bili iU',' obi"!D'llA:9i

_ _. ,'I' _:' • '_: . :. - . ':.' . _' _. .:.- _, 1._, I _':: _ "_,' , _'. ,.. '. '_', ,'" , .'_' .l . .:....1 " " ,_ - ' .. _. L.:-.,;Iot ,. ''':' ,'_I' I. _' _ ' .. '_" •. - ', .. _,_, _. 1'-" .•. ''':' .

O,F' ~~, ,~,nc·.f[io' 'n' G ';'om' L-' ~tn':t"ii~' 'O,,;<'iL~i,.J\er'" ,;# i .;.a,~ .01 -w;' "r"",:rlIlg" (1,1' Ji;l'!i;iiD;iII.. • .....,~1 b ,;0 ..... 'o[~ ji,i!1;i.'Ji :;t Ao'::iip-' a,;<'i<..J;e;. ,I'j.:Am-' "i ,~ii>.,;o!iI j' ,.r~jJ ,-.1 ,"-,~_' ," ,cljl.Q; ' .. .:. :1 d!-.r.lIL.iJ,~ aJr"~I!IIr!!. j "'~I, rwr-c3ral a , :1Il-O~-iI!". ~ l'1du.l!Cr.o.41I.Ullr~ ," '~iM~.~Hc:J!,Uro.~G=l ,li!I;. rUle:: _-· . .l~iI!-,,-tJo ~~-U\ l' .lJI,lc;l

~. - - ,,'. F' - ~ ~ -- - #h - , - ~, - - f' --,- d" - -- ~ ,t IA-, - _. ,,' -- - r - - "_. t'h ¥. t··" - - _. - _. - -- !" -.4:

,S,Ij],U,adD,n.. - or mm [. 'e, e.,fror 0, ',ma r effl'iS. func["onadsm WLBS .. ~'e f[ac, ,~r., neve,r ,('ecog.fJ/Zleu'

';'h' .~ .'~n"fi~".4,~'n'l-··~i 0'" .11' vtsu ,I ~,. ~'~~:~,"1if~r.,.'

f~ . ~ :I!'l~·'l.',..,.~l·I[D. U!~ .,f ~','·Q~W·gllr l.irl·lg'.!·ia'LP'~,~,.

B t" d dO, ," 'h th' "" ~ of. f' ~ ',~ ;f~ u·· we ,,--: erna'Jlr'"' OUfselv::el;S WirY',' ",8' Vl,SU~af Cf'tamC~er 01 ,a rlj[,ace are so 'mn,()i~laln'l'j.-

, . - " ..1 -. ,- - ," I '. - _ ' •• - _ •. ' f -. , I,. . «., ,"" '_ ",: ...:. l . J .. _ .' . "._ . _._ , ..:' J ,_ •• , I.~. '" ..:.... . ., ... _ ~' .. _ ," . ," .", '. . ... _. '_' I ~'~ ~. ,I ~ '!!II

B'ec8use they" are aeosthetic exhibitionl of'the p ... lace 'that is a aesthetical onoc for mind' in

, ... ' '. . - \.. . .' i- . -.~.: I., t_ - .~ .'_:.' ) _L - .,' ... ....-'." ,_ - l'- . I . , -. - . ,._. .... ." - .\:IJl ! ." . '_ . .1 .: I., ..... _' " .', l ...,' •. ..... , . . ., ,[ .' l I ,

,reoogni:ting 'the ,pJace,. Th,at is ,a ,menl8\1' c:hoC' ,for ,8 Me,nts" visjo,n ,and' ,men,taJ idenfitlca:ttofl o,f' .the place fo.r a ,menta'l' m,ap~ TheJ13.fo,re ,rOf re~found a place in the ,re:Q,ion we mu-st

~- th t.-' I Ii 'r-h ·t h b . t t t-n- b '"

' •• '- •• ' • .' •••• •••• •••• -,. -: '., • .-~..".' -. .' J " .- ~ ., 'l - . ,-, .', .- .. -.~ .. -:. , -. '. I . l" .-, I "-'.: , ' .- -, . ,.. ....:...- . '.' -'. t " '.: - '.

eave ,a [Bes, , e.Jca, ,mat:··'l W} .. WI,C reme1m, .. [9r,youJUs,. ,s.ay , . ere ·-,e:,(lle"

,S'OI you ken understand the! connection beftween .body and mind that is; :s¥lmlbo~I!, th.ini~J:s; as

b ~ t- hl k ' t- h n~d b 'I d f

[' .•.. -:- .. ". i" .. -- -." " - ·········-.-···~I·"' --.-_. ," "J -,---.(: -. -, .. ", _.- -- ", "'I," ' " .. ~ . .] : - -;-: - .. ~~ .. '

s,ym -0 S", ,- I ngs ,as m,a.r -"S In ,- Ie, WO..! " 8's,-,U I I, - ,e,rs [) I ,(iom mon ,sen,Sle~

B,a,t in the same time! it ls deposed a mark in the! gflound ('oo'~prin't) that 1:8; :$,ifflultaneous!ly' 8 la ndm ank in the! landscace but 81slO the! index somebodv is p- ast and mark the! n round

,", I", ,- !." '. ,_. ':.: I"" ,- ',-',',-,-," '~'~'I -. - ._ .• ', ',-',' - ,_. .:_' ,- " _-. ".1,_ _. - ", ,.:_ ,'I' " I - ~". h-')'_' [ .. _' ',-, , I" . . ,- ,~ ._ . , ',-,

~or hi mselves thus lor ,8,11"

'-0'- -.- -f" ''''''Il''10 -u- rse J ffn be- J 1'Il''10 -r-' iO II "I no' iO po ~ "1*"lv1e- J -w-- -a~t "1* -w-- -'"11111 b "I:', ',n- "~4r'lt- ute "d-

, :, I!LOUI - ,;;;".:'!li1Ul' -- .. :' II lUi 'eI, 'eI, --. u'~ !l. ' , :-" ,'- -_ ," !l.. .. ~ l ,- ~ ,,~dlL· ,11..' _ "

,So the! frir-g,t de!frinitiol1 Qif architecture is, the! p-owe:r of make ,8 thing, in a place that wol1h ~ora,11 p eople as mark 10lf lo,"~olllo:gh:; \1,8,1 ue! 101r' ,a,11 ~ as i fl:s,tituti1ol,n lof loom mon SIEH1,se',~ fia[" ,a,11 'P lof the! thing"

irown ls the! corpus OIf ,8,11 the! th i n!g,s!~ w'ith his, OWI1 lontolh)gjical~ know.n ~ iQf com mon sense ~or' a,11 p e op ~e tha,t I lve th ere,

The i m prevl ng OIf the! tOWI1 is th e! i m provl 119 OIf' that thl ng s and of thei r ()o,mprleXjity',

-

(~'1IIi ~ I~I

,.. _~l !iii]' Ijl ", I~'

: ,'~ .. , ...

_ ,iJ" ,-. '" ,.

'III!', Ii.

oIjI' ,i

Compa,r,8zion'i intern:'~io-- .-li inte·r,cJoniinentali tr,a, Ie- c,iHi e,sc,iut1e alla scala della ne-tci~ r,egionalle

Y~Tr L

r conteato ge oarat .

Re-n ~I'O:- "e- IU rb-·"'S'ln ~ M ".I'!!!!Ii n 'e-1i!!!"e' 'i!.'IiO- 'oft I"-n'g""'-'-raiil"i d'"I-I'm--:'- ento e· . f'"I'm'" '-P"-I'Iii"§i"ii~.;'!!;;I"I-I'm- Cf5.iii"'il'ilO· d 10.111 a

"-::::JI~ .'-' '~,: -- ',I'il!U ,L' mI ,'_ ,~,~ , £_ 3 ,; I, I _ Ii II,! I L-IIIIL-_> I ,I I ,0 ,",,,,-,,IIV. I ~11111~-.-:!!i:i'"

1m' '!I'C'J~ ,hl-r-::"'=fIi d obl- 'q'-'U' ·,o,d·,'IIiI'leiI(~O··· I!II-n~ d'iiC"Qdir"ilO," ta ,C"- .... ,0:3lali-u-~, ·...iII~III'o- stssso qlJ rad '~(iM-n che roi!I'iinC··O··:s·,,-.ril'i..r1'!!;; , , ~-U1l CI .. '~: v"." i I ICI.··· IJ gilt .. :,. I .,~ 111..-- -GJIl mJ...:'.. i ._ . ~~ -all, I .. ,~I '!GIl YG f· ':" !I.1J!~,'t::;~~ ... - '., .. _ u:a.~· Il giLu ~ I 'C; ~,I] !.'- - .. _J ':: '~II! ,Y ~"~

'"~"' ILIIII

h nllana ,1~maSeml F-

,A metarnythlc na rrat ilv'ls, is foundatlon and or~[g'j'nl."

T- he 'W' ork leaves ~[ fo ·o·tpr"ln·t- th '8'· colnoides [w"I~*'h' tbe so cailled ~ ii~

I'._:_ :_~ ' .• '_"__".:1 a rootn '1':,1_, .:" '-',II,. I~I[.I~ ._- 1_ '._;[ ,', lit" 'I ne so-ea 1._';_ 11 ii 11

[map that today 'w'le execute Ion foot, In the' car and by' rail, sea and

,', t- rt

B.'IJ 'ra,in,spo!, .. ,

It '" th f" . k (st t d-' dO' .) .. th t t 'Ih II

..... ~S;_,,'8 namewonc rstructure 18,n,_, para,_II[gm tr a(, prompts tr e sica e'

of the, N,ET'C[II'TY ln the reqion aJreadl'y Ib1uiillt but arrfved at a crIt'j'lca~ g~rowth threshold i .;e,~ unsustainable by the form and ex,iistiinl[g structure, lncapable of sustalninq the' potential 'or action ol

lnhah ·"I:'t"'B·n't-·s m ultiplied exponentially since ~'h'e exisf n' g" form and

II: :,Q '~:. I;'~'-:- _'>'1- I, upueu ex __ " ,- ,~ -~~',- 1.11\< "_';1 III,,"I.=-, II!. -1'_; '~,~_[Il.~ 1- 1 111_[111-1-'_ nc

struct I·u,~e·'" W:'·· ··'e···:··r·le·' .. ··· esta blish ed

.'J :_ .•.... '. :_. ,II '. '.' . '. '.' _. . _ _: ~ .. ". . :_ ii

I't ... t-'h . ~.- .. "f' th . f ... · ..' .' ." k t- h "t ... , ., , . ·,t '"' . 't- h' ... "~, , .. 'dl

",~ IISiL" e -llio[rm 10il,t, e rra,imeWior , •• '~. "a, can ,S,IUS, a.l nl- 1- e' SI[L[8 ,a,nl:

complexity of- the lII'"eg-'"I'onall n e·t-c·'"lt'y capable of': '"I'-nooll"'pora'ting" into an

_,,, '1 J_,: ,1_,,' ' IL,-I,_ II_' 'o ." ::-,:~ ,,_,I,: ,I,,:, '::. ,_-__'1 ~ 1[.' 1 "I'~i' 11_1[1' ,::,., II 1-, II If I '_ :~'I "1

lnterac ·t'·I=·n·g w-ho' ·'-I'e·· the o"[r'l-'g;-nal'l' g' angllio'n"s o'f-: the new sea . lie' W' '"I't'h' the

,:!:I ,_. (,_' -,- •.•..•• '. '< '-1_: ,!~ .' I: ,~. ,I'll! ,-: ,,__,e:, ' ,: Ili_' I-I :_: [.1_" 1-1-11s.-'-I'~; ,. [_ [_:~_;_" ' .1. -I ure

pre ex;st-'~l-In-gl form 8'·;OnS whose progression to fhe 'toda"y "I~S unable to

_!:: !_iiii""_,.:II[~[' 1 : :':..IIIV[· .... ,/: "1.1_ " s ~ ",', '.' " I~'_-_, '; .: .. 'I_[i, 1'_::_::_: I[i_ II 'If_ me [_,'_:< L_", [- :'_'I},'~_: '1-,_

sustain furt '-h' er in ere' ases ~'IS so W'" 'elll 'roo' te d "I~n the v~llley as "0 make

.. Ii :~_ 1-'1 ". .-':' .'::: . 1'- ':-._::,~_:i" [', :,_.'. ". ',_, 1'[:_'_,'1,'_)_ [-Il.-_,g, [_,' d:_:Il.[·_' 1-( ,g,_

, .

lts I"Qm" o va -II disslpative as t- he conspicuo U'S parts O'f': sUlI1V'"I'v"l~ng fa 'b'r~"lc'

II, ':" ,111~'-:';_;Q __ ,~['I~,I" ;_"~',II' !~_,.~ I;;:-:'~ [:_') 'I ,- 1,_I',~I:_/,L_,,_['i .. I' ,_,,1[.[ r '_>_: I,' 1-: :~;I_[' '1,=

,st:ii~l work v[ery we:111 locally, ~-t: then proceeds wIth the prospect [of 'the'

goo'dl c;'t-'y' 'f' 0' rm that qualifies the re sesrcb o'f-: IK'" lyn'ch' 8J' 'g"a'"I'ns*' 'w~ic'h

_1,::_ <'II"! -_-' I . - " '_>1_-,', . -:_~I ,- - I,:_,: .': .. _,:[__-_: '_- [.1_" ',,~ .' 1-11_:-1, :~_;I,i':_ ,- L_"lt .' ,filii,:' l-

it ls measured,

The city leaves its footprint on the v,a,U8Y~" of wh ich ,R G,e,ddes dllr"e'w the pSlradiglm,a'tic ,s,e'c,tii',onl.

Th e"';. flrst to 'w" r'"I't--'e''''-' 'a' trea .. 't--'"I"'s'e'" nn- t-'h--" e'-' c'·"Y'

1_ ,~, [1_ " ,] [,~~~,] II. ,,_<~,] [ _ ,__" IV'_ 1'_; '_1111., ~

ei,la,r;e' te dle'~"ln-e'd' t'h'e pa'r~dig"'m- n'f 't-he pes r'l,I!:' I.-~,'_"'il_ ;,_ er ]-[ leil__ -I'~;_-_ ,g,_' ~,ll-]- It.,I- [-] [ ',~, '_It.,Il __ II.'_

me!dlievall ,ciity iln W:astarnl E,urlo'lpl8 and lllustr ated this "I:'n ~ para d'"I'gm'a't- :"IC f'"I:gure

" 1_ 1\ '~_'_II. ]-[ I:_' 1- ,g, 1_"'QJ-_ 11_: --[-_ 'I 'J nl _ei'.

The dr.a,w~ng lof the urban ~oo,tprin't in this primitive pOlst~m,le,dieva~ portr,8'yall bY' lFil,ar,ete,: the outline ofthe waUs",

It ..

J- I';"

of the Valiley ~roned It;y tile r!v_

'"'

"~ watet .b91S~

\ ''C!JIII[le' V's are tra ced by rive rs f.he·t d1111-r·l:ng f.he m ·1:[1 Ie' nnia o f glacia'tio' n

'V'DJ_":: a ",.~.' t I-_~ I;,~I__'I,' . 11"_11 ,: '[f IC_ . ' 11_ ~ 1- ,: '[f 1 ' .... ~.' -- [ 1_-'- IIC_~_' II:~ ;11;:11,:_:, 11_-

excavatec 'their fo rm c·re·a·t·I:·ng r'·I'dge· S silo' pes and vallle'y floo r 'tlh''C!JIf.

'_ ,>_:-Q,c _ _'I~,I_ .-_~ '_-1_-1'_'_ JI- ,: 1 1_ [I_:_::" ,_,, __ [,~I,_ ,':_, I-[I_"_:,~'< r [I __ -- gl[L"

from mountains tlo' sea form the backbone o'f'th's lr'-sgilo'ln rOlcapltlulatiilng wli'tlh its, Illine' the' IClo'nti'nuity [of banks and coastlines, ThE The C,'ity [draw,s, on this backbone [of water for the' 8',S-S,'S n Ice, 10,t 't[he~r existence and reproduction.

Th·le, __ ·· p ... rim a·--,-·'ry'-·:::' ,s.~···.~~'m-···p; ottne .. ·· citv. ''':~S·~·' urbsn '#,D:'··lo····,f_'nr,in'·· :t·,- ties in tne

I' [I [_ ._ ,I ~, I"_, .: ·._ .. IPI, ,r_" _' _ [ _ ..,1 "[7', IF ._,' - [_ UI [ '~._. "_. '_'-',11' _, I "_.' ',_ ._ ',_.,'

leve,"i"9 O'IU:t a',n[d ,mounds tha't Ichann,el tne 'wa:te~,

Gn'"f-:'r'·I'e....ll ·S·" e"m-' pe r explaine dl fhis nbV'·I:01111S fact b"y p[I''C!JICiing t he'

_ JI(;,II.,II!, 11':-0 ,_,[~'-I-_I_,_A,_lhiul-~I- _- {_, [!l..I_': I[I_' us gl~:'[L,_I'<_I' GlI~;:n-II,: . -1-[ 1-6-'

em' bank rn ent am" onq t- he fo ur elements of': arch iteeture (h e''C!JI..4-h 'roo' f'"

I r ;_/~-~ ',I ,-_ ... , ;~_ ,-I-'~ __ I'.:_" [~; ne ro _ '_'I(_ r, r _ ,I '_' I_I 1 Q~ I_:: '. I' '_;_-11._: 1 '_ ·....I[_,Q~ [LJ[ :~, I I_'_' '~

enclosure and mound) because '1'1 protects th'e heanh from "[he- 'wa·te·r

_ i ,,,>,_I __ ' . ".~'.'. _ _,[ ,- ,1~J __ 1_ - :I_ ..:._::_ ,_~ I ,C_'I 1 '_'[L,_JCit_I_'-I'.·_;-_:/__'- '[1 [I '_ --111.-_: .' ,"__'_'I

accord ~llng" to 5-'8' rnper human society's main a·gg--reg''C!JIf.'·I'-n-g force

",-~:u I' ! '[:1)_:_ ,'c--:- 1_1--'::' . ~ ,-, __ : :-1.:-, .' ;)'_'.I! ,_f.,' I~ ,- ( ,:_ ,-c_ [I: ·· .. ~.I Q'[f-[I~-II~' 1 C_,~

Concurring 'w'ilt·h Alberti] 'II consider this work needed to preserve 'the' -I-ml:r-'e':-" t-'IO---: be of primary importance

II ._" L I_:'IIJ ' I 1 __ " __ ."'~v,

-Le-vs·I-·-I'·II'n·g raisinq end channs "-I'-I';ng t-'h'e W' ate r '·I'·S 't[he' prim i'"ive' urb-an'

_·'[i ' . ,'jl ,'-_:' I'_II,,-:'. I-~- :-::_:.- :-':,,:-:, -::' ,~:-_-I'~;' .:~_;[L:_ :_: .- __ 1-1-1111.11'_ )_[.''-,_-J[

'footprint, wh.ich lis! completed b'y the' creation 10,t streets (and street block - s) conslste nt W·I'lt- h t" h o se crossinq "[he' v''C!JIII [I e' Y' Th e urban ~oo'tprin~

_I"IV'-_ -, :; :,.' I~),)" I~>,:; __ ~l_'-' 11:_ . I'~_::;: I__~:I' '~:::_' II.: II. ··_,g_,',.I'~; 1_ 1_-_ I III_I.I_'_ ~ II

is, a.I11 these works toqether,

lndeed hydraulic works wh lch ere th e' primitive footprin t-· of': I-'h-' e'

,-, 'c:;i,c-:: ~ . li~_ '<' i' .: "~, I "iii! ~ r- ! :I~' I [-__'~ - .r _:,;_!, 1 -I" I ':, -"~~/_I-'_II 1--' r' 1_'lr-_:,

city gave'rn urba-n time's b e-I'on'gln"g-- to fhe f.; me' cycle of- the valley

1 ~, i-~' ',~, -]1 '-'I 'I l ]I~:,<, ",:' ',' II .. .•...• 1- tr II-_, ''-1.1' '-I -cvcie u -~:i_ II I~'_:I

to !c:,II~im'at'i'cJs,e[ason,[a~ periods of fhe floods and low water of 'the rains and wind'.s,~ So, wltlh its mineral resources, energy reserves, crops and human pro cuction " the v',all:I"ey has shown the slqns o'f its relationship w;'t-'h-' the c;'t--y fro -m" th e yen,' first and- g--rad--u'alll-y over th e

·~'k--: (_:-i"~' '. ~! r ~ ~._ '~""_,/~-l::_'I-_ I - .·.·~"-,,,i '-11:' __ [ __ -:_ ,: ·[- __ '_':_~.'__~":'_;_:~I· -:'1_,

course of' tim e TI his r'-eg-:'Ion'al dime nslon of t-he- urban footp rint

_':_: ,_'[~ or ur te, I, us ,,",1: -"c_,,_, I~_ ._ ··_l ...• ~· .. ·_ "11,-:1__ '~J[ 'I~I_'_'L_!, ,-"

;t. ~ • d b L- I-S tt- " t- A-· ~ 'b rt- ~ '" d d b Vitruvl .#'" t-

Ip'o,sIL,ul,a'l9 >Y' ,eon -"a,II·:8_,a ,_~I[e"'II, gUlr-.'e __ ,_Y',l-rUV,IU::8;, as, ,II Irs'

Pi raotica I operation [in. 'the construction of the c~ty (t,hIIS operations

b .... 11""" - -- "t'" ) 1- d- d

'. . .. ,". .. . l·· •. . '.' , . -.. .". .... 1··.-· '.' . . .. ' . _ ~ I'.. . .... :.' , I· .. · , .. ... ", . .,: " I'.' .' 'j .. ' .' , - ': u ,"" ••• ". .' • •• • I . . • '" : . "". . . . . '-. " ", . . ...

181ng ,e,g"ol eree, pa,,_,I,jIOI, murus, tectue epenno was @LXP ore: __ arl_

. "f-:-' , __ ", 'I-I' t- sd b ·G/·'·' dd .... ' h"" f' ... ,_ ... , .. "l d':' ... ···4'~· ..... ·t-'":· '.' .. '''f' tll-oi· Ire: ormu ateo oy ... _81_ ces In-I~S tamous 'par,a,_,II[gmau,c: secnon 0 IIUIII'8

'v~l~e'y rn arked with the urban footprint ofthe '"I'"ndlus't-r'"I'a'IIl""i'-:"I'ty w:"I'th its

a .. n.", ~ I a ,,_I~_'_ nnt 1'._':" : ', .. ['_ -'_:_IL_ 11- r o rlL-_;- 1"_ ) :_rll~_ '~I '1- IIL,_"

reqional "I'm" "pi-I lea t" lo 'n' s and- lnterrelat ~:ons II-n his secton t·lk!.e c~:t'y' :"In

. ':L' I.: :,.'.:__ ... ,] • •... ,,_:~~. I ,11:_'1- ['_1 -~~ ... ~-:, ,_ 11.]1_,_ . -. '~" /,]'_' 1-1:_',,, I··]{_, '~"_;_:-_ .. ji 'I fll_' I_::~I ,,' 1 I-I

t"h- - e backq round sh ows the wh 'ole w- ater bas'"I'n bear"l:ng traces of~' its

.. : ,_ ...• ~. ,',:/.',< ,,_' : ,,-. I __ ~],:, :1_ ,:~ ,- ...•. :.'-,',~:I_, -,~ .. ,-, , ...•. :.:1_':' . :~_'i[._'.":_. ,I 1-]1 ... _'/'1 1-: 'iLll >'II:,~',_.,,·, ~"_'

e- ·x··· 'I·'·S" 't--e'- no' c "'e' '. a n-' d -I d e' m a n ds fo "'r rna teria ls anorg··--'y· 'a' n- . d I pro "d UI-C' -t' .. s So

_:_:,.,,~>I,~·]_~: ,~,_,,::) [_ .. ,,::_< , ,'_, .. :.,-_ •... : .• ~ [y'. ~ '< "_,I __ "'.' __ '~_':,,, '

t" h- t.. I t '-II t- h- f-:' ;if. .." f th it "' th t ~.

: '-al.~! Inl a I'a,'-era :se'ns:9", .. r- e 'IOo'IL:pr~f1I'lL 10 . 11i- e 'CI' Y: te'. '- e ' ra.C8:S 0'11

h to, ';I. d' iF th h -I' 'I'i dl Ih t -" dl'" dl '" '"'t'

W ,!a, 11(:' raws '!Ir!o'm .r e W' 0 'e, 'VB .. ~e.'y ,a,n,_ w- a(, ~'IL ,_ [Is,car,_ 's' ~n II'. '_

extends to t--'h-' e whole valley Today w- e' need an im' pact assessment

_ '. __ ! :1:; : .• r_- .....•....... fll'_, I~,~:_,I ,II!~. II!·_ . _ _"~,, '_ 1-]-=--·_'(_ :-_'-] II-(_'I:-_'I~::JL, g:_::_:~,,_.-_.,-( [._'; 1-'1(,

on the sustainabillty of urban needs, The eoollogIcal1 footprint is the' dlffe-ren,ce between what fhe le::~ty' draws, from and discards In thl[a:

'-I ~

va eY,m

\

.. , ) PATRICK G'EDD,ES

'TI\'6! clealrts~ng' ,of me c~ty: Sb~lji1.l1g 'hm iJUs, maunmil1 aRol filloorblifid wate~r","slj,p;,pI,y

THE REGlONALDIMENSION OF if HE URJ9:AN PHEN6MENDN

• • 11_

qenerates this, [c:ijt.y,'~

It is, fherefore, essential to form a mental picture [of this, lie ofthe v,a..l~ey between the plains, SJO:P'ElS, and r~[dge·,s,. A conceptualisafion [or an abstraction, lit refers to a vision that cannot ,a,ctuall~y',·· be' viewed

, .

~I-I e' from an tncornmen surable h-"e~I"g-h''''' a' 'b'o've the mountain pea' 'ks

~_)ii' _,,'_·1-1 :- __ "" ~ -_-U[!_)~,',[_·_I"C~ __ r ' .. -~. L ]-1 [l. :~_'I}.[_[.'[._!II,.'_ ]' r_.I.'_--'I_[_·/JI.:_<::~,

looklnq downwards ln rn y.fl.~ ~llt 'I'S f-rom the position ofthe sun o'r

.. ·-· •. IU'II' 'ri ':. '.--' . ~. II .:-" . [. ,'. III I - ["ILlI-~~: :,_' ". ['1_' 1- -[ .' '1[.,_1_::11[',1[_[".' . "[.: ". 1-[.

moon, the movements of which determine 'the N,S,EW orientation from which this, mental eye observes thl[e concrete positions adopted -Iby the body on its travels and- s;mul""aneo'IU'sll''tt those otthe vailley in

_I,' " . I ,.~.,_ I_.~ '.': •... I .. ' ~ ,~I IL ,-~,.,: ,';-,' I_ ~ :_:: I ,"_ [e ;'[._.,_.l:_: j,_" [.[ 'I,~_.'_" [,_,C:. '_'.' II ]-1

h ~ h i - d l - h b I - - h f- I dl f' I-k IIII

W:,]C" It 'm!IO'V'8Si anc ~:S t',IUS ,a,':_,18[ to :sge 1'1[8 i-~[e [_ ot tns va ey'

between r~dg' e' and vaUey' ~I'oor llnes toge·if.her wi"h th'e roads runn~"lng"

[ <iL.[6~: ~1'llii .. ~ ,~,_- .. ' r v ~ IIIII~~' T '[: . II II Iii '_, ·_[[._'Il I-[~' ' '11'11,." '1'_' I ._-_ [.[_ I_ I ._ -[' [ I [,

crO:S,SW,BVS, that meet. the river at the fords or bridces

Niota on the' two footprints iin Mii[l,a,n,~

-HI '" t' '"' E' "'[I'"'

I I:S'[-,Ory', 'via ',m[11 la,~

NI'!":iIi,t'ure Larnbro 0"'" Ilona' is'' eveso 11'"I'e' of'; the north north W' est south

at _~' ii~_- (_' {_ ~,,_I_ I-~_, ,_d~,,~,,_,I_ ,_ I_II III.'_ 1-[ 1_1,IIIIL'I'llt.,Il" , ,_:_:(, ,_,I_ _[ n

southeast slope of thiS' area be,tw'een thiS' Ticlno andl Adda, Stalrtiingl~" of course, from the, mental orientation (tlhe s,I'gln of wlhI,chl is, thl's ,s,ihaldllo'w ,of' the sun) whliich provides fhe arranqement lof the' rive rs a' 'n' dl t' 'h' e ro a' dl S' P r~"1 m a' '_ry' , fo 0' ,t' P r"l~ nt

',\.;ill'_' :-'I'III __ 'I'~; 11'_O_II_li"I, 1"1'>'1,' roou I'" ii

I mpronta 10,nbJ,I,o g lea '(lgeo,me,tri1ca:) sulla i mp,r,o,nta Igeog rafiea 1,0&8 Ie, de,ll,a terra

I( bac,i n 0 id rieo 01 fl uV1ia ~e)

'1," P'Unto, di 1i3,ppogg'io, IQlengr,a,ffj'l:,ol:: la valle tria iIi'"1 iG" '"I no" ed A' .... d d 8' m 8' iF.C'~(~\O d 8' 0':'10"-1118' 'S"~I"';iOO~'O"

lU 116. 111,.1 ''G'. ",' ," ."" I [ ), II '!,' 'al~'G I, .• " " '. I ),' " -' 'a'yt~o:J;.1

II iOi m'''' bro U- ,- n iOi le!m"" Ie' !iI'ill"'ile!n"?'iOi

Le. -, I U - ID. ':.: .::: I,~ .~: ~Cl,.,

''''U'!IlCCl'., SU I us mprorr 1'l8!

dall'orlentamento mentale (llcul :sle,gnol Ie l'ombra, dlsposlzlone del oorpo all'orlzzente)

I 1,~,-,!1..!1'~,[l]u "~ .. I:! I,.U-·.·U a onzzor I;.~"I",

[llm'[" oronta g:-le'ng:-r"Qtiil-Iif""~" II am bro ,O<IIIOlniOi ,S" 'e' ,'iti,le' ,P/Ol

u I ~,u i}g,.:. <: u~.: -. ClllhL~a.1 L:g. -. u ~ . . U 'D'L~"'" <: ·vo ._: ~·U I~

,gh3,eitur;a, del pendle NOfid nord 'O,ve;Sj,t ,Sud sud est, dell'area tria, 'lj(';ino ed Adda,

lE,O!NA!RDO!~'s ,offlce ,_ The first drs,VI,ing pl,an, ,of a :city~ Jmola

F'llAJRJETIE _' disegno d'i cilta ideale as t:owln~'s paradigm i",e~ re,l,e,ticin,!; betweern lel,ementsll t,y,pes and t:he 'wlhlolle cit,y'

_, tension towards the center (sq!uar-e: Olf' nine squares) --+ the: human body' _, ~he: ciit,Y as fi niUo I( Ir,ej'ec:tion and attracti ens)

.0 (j""I-'n of' the square "piazza": polnt nf' e' xch "~-l1g' e b-,04f.,,Ii,Ii\-en +h- "e" :! on' ~~I~A'1I!"'1Ii and

_, IIIJIII~: I U '~I~I I III~: 0."'" c;:)III~' .-, II<_~, .I_'~ I II. 'ull '~·,X!!U,' 101 ," 1",_' ,I ~:I!,W~',III ~ - ::_:__ II' lal'Y'~1 b ','.

I ,I " '

outside

,Ciityes; rype as lineamen'tum ..

Figure of' .id'es'] city ,8',8 first pa',radigm 0' the whole' town~~" a logic of're/a'tions ,betnNeen ster "0' '-;01,' --, oib 0,',1 ,~,MiJ.-l,oj!'";e,s' ""'l"9,-{,;a;r.h-y- ~ .F'iIif,· etreete iO\,n-.....J aq--j j~,r.o.s S'" Q~, Le· onardo ,Js" 'dlra-w- -'I-ng ''''0'' : r

..wi,1 cr f 1 . .11 ,I U - ·-_U~ JUa, ~. -: -. fJ.· !q1l'!L; " u. o:l!'.~'. !!:7;Lli !CII U Y' Q. ~ UCi 1- '!C<':.. . . !GOG .. Il:J! .:'~ u-. I~' '_ Ii I _ I!_

understand Milan as model 'Ftor 'this tOWlIl"S IpalradiQm.

H- -m- . o· 0

Kery ftlg. Frcgur,s ,

\

/

MUra spagna,le 1:560

B,IOGIR.AfIA UIR.BAN,A,

o

t. / Ill!

~

".,.

'" """'--_---1..-__ <!I"

Laboratory: Measurement and scale of the contemporary city" 'L'Msc'.oao

Large containers and Iandscapes

[Corso di Iaurea magistrale r Laboratorio IV PAU' 26 june 2Q09

'Qtlata;tiiim.'iL XVIII Df'lltury :mm.i~m.nf.Y' :~:m'Ojm ~b;rtd!~j'lj' t':fforl,;'of,!i1~'mti1,~l$:t'minh11'S b.~ d~vitfJping tibjerliilf.' laJ)IJw.~'~, ll~~r~~Q~: dhiG;S,:rDid rli'~t :rDid ,i"Zil~~hm~mm'~ w'1 iIICOOming ~ 'Mt1:~ int't":n'wJ lQgi!C<._ U~. :t:[abe~ ,M'iJdg_17nity: ml :&;!;oo:~~plt1~:~ p.r~'I3ti" 1.983)

L·· ',' ..... .II--;. 'III .,.. .,',~' A::"·, ' .... h ,'"',IL.· "" et " ,,'iI T'·' ····1· ')1" , .... , . .',: ,'" th . " 'b· 1""": ,'" ':.' " '.,' ," ""1 " :. 'I .' .(., . I(CI

ecrure: ." ,I}C li'l!.eC,IUr,aJl. , ,1pO ,D,g,y In e l1lr,l[an r,egt,orn,a scare.

'M::·:: " t· .,,4',.'. , .. " "':, '., . ,Lm_ .. , .. ', , .. " [" " <,4',.'. (:. ' ,.:.£ ,.[._m_.':::4". , .: bi ',' '1 ~, ',','. )11,.-- ','::" ',',·c·' ' ',1 ' .. , '., ','" , i' .ba . ,.... ,'t'·,4'."'·,· ' .. ·"t LL[",.;

, " uranons mme oo,rncepLlon, Om ,HUlI!U,eOl'LKa , 11l1l!.,POJ.II.iiJ,gy., P auIl1I.i'IJll1I'n!8, ur "an en mes at rne

b ., '1 all

'ill ,t' 'iF' . "3 'itA "ilit:ili!l]r''ilI,oi''''i,D. a, '. co....· [;Ci,

'1lAll. " \I:'I!.!J.!. L .!I.'lGo,.IIl.U, ,. ,~IL; I!L:;,.