Name: Matric No: Course: Date

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AYOADE, Jamiu Adekola MEE/06/8099 MEE 523(Assignment 1) 08/12/2010

Question: With the aid of well drawn diagrams, discuss fully the four stroke operating cycle. A four-stroke cycle engine is an internal combustion engine that utilizes four piston strokes to complete one operating cycle. The piston makes two complete passes in the cylinder to complete one operating cycle. An operating cycle requires two revolutions (720°) of the crankshaft. The four-stroke cycle engine is the most common type of small engine. The cams and rocker arms control and time the opening and closing of the inlet and outlet valves.

Internal Combustion Engine The four strokes are; intake stroke, compression stroke, power stroke and exhaust stroke. The Intake Stroke (Induction Stroke): The engine cycle begins with the intake stroke as the piston is pulled towards the crankshaft. The inlet valve is open; fuel and air are drawn past the valve and into the combustion chamber from the intake manifold located on top of the combustion chamber. The exhaust valve is closed. The fuel/air mixture is at a relatively low pressure. At the end of the intake stroke, the inlet valve is closed; the piston is located at the bottom dead centre and begins to move back towards the top dead centre.

. a current of electricity flows through the spark plug. the pressure in the gas is increased (Boyle’s law). the two valves are closed. The piston is pushed to the top. Compression Stroke The Power Stroke: Current flowing through the spark plug produces a spark. The spark ignites the air / fuel mixture in the combustion chamber. When the volume is the smallest and the pressure is at its peak. This downward motion is the power stroke. As the volume is decreased because of the piston's motion. The combustion process produces exhaust gases at a very temperature and a higher pressure. the volume is reduced and the fuel/air mixture is compressed. which forms a completely closed chamber. The high pressure gases force the piston downwards.Intake Stroke The Compression Stroke: During the compression stroke.

This process prepares the combustion for another operating cycle. The exhaust valve is open and the piston pushes the exhaust gases upwards so that the gases escape through the exhaust valve. Exhaust Stroke .Power Stroke The Exhaust Stroke: The downward motion of the piston relieves the pressure in the combustion chamber.

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