AUTOMATIC WATER PUMP CONTROLLER The automatic water pump controller is used to control the water pump motor

. The motor gets automatically switched on when water in the overhead tank (OHT) falls below the lower limit. Similarly, it gets switched off when the tank is filled up. Built around only one NAND gate IC (CD4011), the circuit is simple, compact and economical. It works off a 12V DC power supply and consumes very little power. The circuit can be divided into two parts: controller circuit and indicator circuit. The controller circuit is one which is used for the purpose of controlling the water pump action. When the water level reaches a maximum level the motor turns off and when the water level goes below the minimum level the motor turns on automatically. This circuit consists of a NAND gate IC (4011), three transistors (BC547), two relays with specification 12V, 200ohm 1C/O, four resistors (1K), two diodes (1N4001). The indicator circuit is one which is used to indicate the level of water inside the tank. Depending upon the number of LEDs that glow we can determine the level of water inside the tank. This circuit consists of five LEDs, five NPN transistors (BC547), ten resistors (1K). So, from the glowing of LEDs, one can determine the water level in the tank. This device is very much useful to curb the overflow of water in overhead tanks which in turn favours conservation of water. With further advancements, it can be used to check the level of water in dams.

which implements the pump to work safely and reliably without care. Then. while there will be no water full indicator if the controller is single-control of well level. short-circuit etc. overload. Automatic Water Pump Controller General Features y y y y y y Advanced Micro Controller Based Automatic water pump controller with attractive LCD display More than 30 models suitable for all types of pumps User friendly LED / LCD indications User Programmable timer settings User Programmable Voltage and current Settings Auto / OFF / Manual mode of operation Control Functions y y Switches OFF the pump when overhead tank is full when the sump tank is empty Switches ON the pump when over head tank is empty & when the sump has enough water Protection y y y Low Voltage (LV) and High voltage (HV) Protection Current Sensing based Dry run and Overload Protection (CT) Sensor based dry run Protection (ST) . voltage meter. low-voltage. well water short indicator (there will be no water short indicator if the controller is the single-control of water level.Product Description This full automatic pump controller (case) specially designed for automatic water supply of deep well. On the panel of this controller. auto and manual operation change switch. tower water full indicator. starting and stop button. The controller has the protection functions of open-phase. it well save electric energy and human power. ). It helps the deep well pump to automatically control the motor to start or stop according to the water level of the well and water tower. there are current meter. The general operations and running condition of the pump can be accomplished and monitored on the panel.

Drainages. It can be fixed for single phase motor. protects pump from: o Single Phasing o Phase Imbalance o Phase Reversal In-built Timers Delay ON / OFF Timers To switch ON the pump after specified delay time Dry run Reset Timers (DRT) When the pump has been switched OFF by dry run then the controller switch ON the pump after the specified time Continuous Cyclic Timers (CYC) To Switch ON / OFF the pump in a specific cyclic manner Real time Cyclic Timers (RTC) To Switch ON / OFF the pump in a specified real time Maximum Run Timer (MRT) To Control the maximum Run Time of the pump for the particular day Starting Capacitor Timer (SCT) To cut OFF the starting capacitor Applications: Automatic Water level Controller for Hotels. etc. (For 3Æ and Single Phase Submersible Starter is necessary) and open well.. Commercial Complexes. We can control two motor and two sumps and two overhead tanks by single unit (Auto Change Over). Bore well and Sump. Three Phase motors. . Homes Apartments. Many models available in different ranges.y Advanced Micro Control based Digital single phase Preventer (SPP). Factories. Single Phase Submersibles.

2. For instance. no wear and tear. No use of any moving electro-mechanical parts in the water-level sensor has been made. However. The circuit diagram is shown in Fig. provided the level in the reservoir is above R. Subsequently. For non-conducting fluids. This automated action continues. The circuit can also be used as a constant fluid level maintainer. The circuit can however be kept intact. The device performed satisfactorily on a test run in conjunction with a 0. It automatically switches on the pump when the water level in the tank falls below a certain low level (L). This ensures quick response. provided the water level in the reservoir is above a certain level (R). The advantage of this system is that it can be used in tanks/reservoirs of any capacity whatsoever. some modifications need to be made in the fluid-level sensors. preferably resistant to electrolytic corrosion. The sensors used in the circuit can be any two conducting probes.Circuit diagram Economical Pump Controller The automatic pump controller eliminates the need for any manual switching of pumps installed for the purpose of pumping water from a reservoir to an overhead tank (refer Fig. . in the simplest case. and no mechanical failures. a properly sealed audio jack can be used to work as the sensor. The pump is turned on again only when the water level again falls below level L in the tank. the pump switched off automatically. The circuit uses a single CMOS chip (CD4001) for logic processing. the circuit cannot be used for purely non-conducting fluids. as the water level in the tank rises to an upper level (M). For this purpose the probes M and L are brought very close to each other to ensure that the fluid level is maintained within the M and L levels. 1).5 HP motor and pump. The circuit is designed to µoverlook¶ the transient oscillations of the water level which would otherwise cause the logic to change its state rapidly and unnecessarily.

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