The Forbidden Palace

The Forbidden City in China is an architectural wonder that continues to attract people from around the world.

The Ming Dynasty
‡ began with the overthrow of the Mongols in China in 1368.
‡ The Ming period lasted until 1644. ‡ China extended its rule into Mongolia and central Asia, and briefly re-conquered Vietnam under the Ming emperors.

Ming Vase
Porcelain ceramic art form developed during the dynastic periods and reached a peak during this time period.

³Engineering an Empire´ China ± Chapter 5 ± Zheng He

Adventures of Zheng He
‡ Zheng He made seven voyages of exploration between 1405 and 1433. ‡ On the first, almost 28,000 men sailed on 62 ships.
The fleet visited the western coast of India and city-states of East Africa.

The voyages produced great profits, which alarmed Confucian traditionalists who thought trading was an unworthy activity.

Known Voyages of Zheng He

End of Chinese Exploration
‡ Records of the final two expeditions of Zheng He were destroyed by the new Ming emperor.

How would America be different?

(KANG(KANG-SEE)

Perhaps the greatest emperor of China ruled from 1661 to 1722. He rose at dawn and worked late into the night. This emperor was quite tolerant of Christians.

The Ming Dynasty The term martial arts refers to arts of combat and self-defense.
‡ ‡ They are a significant part of Asian history and culture. Chinese martial arts were highly visible already during the Han dynasty.

‡ Later, in 495, a Zen Buddhist monastery began developing methods of physical training known today as kung fu fu.

Open Door Policy - 1899
‡ John Hay, American Secretary of State, presented a proposal to all major economic countries to consider China an open country to all. ‡ This was done to lessen potential overthrow of the Chinese government and open markets. ‡ It came too late to stop the Boxer Rebellion.

The Boxer Rebellion or the Rebellion, "Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists"

During the Qing Dynasty, China was being increasingly under pressure from foreign influences. A revolt (at times led by the Qing government) against these foreigners resulted.

8 Nation Alliance Defeats the Boxer Rebellion

End of the Qing, beginning of the ³Republic of China´
‡ After the Boxer Rebellion, the Qing Dynasty fell and that ended centuries of Dynastic and Imperial rule.

‡ A new government arose under a new flag with five colors: ± the Han (red) ± the Manchus (yellow) ± the Mongols (blue) ± the Hui (white) ± and the Tibetans (black)

Sun Yat-Sen Yat³The Father of the Chinese Nation.´ Led revolutionary efforts to overthrow The Qing Dynasty.
He did not live long enough to See his efforts pay off. An early precursor to current Communist party. A calendar that commemorates the first year of the Republic as well as the election of Sun Yat-sen as the provisional President.

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