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THE DOG IN THE MANGER.....................................................................................................................................2 MORAL.......................................................................................................................................................2 THE ANT AND THE GRASSHOPPER...........................................................................................................................3 MORAL.......................................................................................................................................................3 BIBLIOGRAPHY............................................................................................................................................5
THE DOG IN THE MANGER
One afternoon, a dog found his way into the shed of some Oxen. “Here’s a manger full of straw where I can take a cosy nap!” he declared, and curled up to go to sleep. Soon an Ox returned to eat of the hay and woke up the Dog. Annoyed at being disturbed, the Dog started barking loudly. As more of the Oxen entered the shed, he snapped his teeth and growled. He then barked even louder when they came forward to get at the straw. The Oxen moved away in disgust. "What a selfish Dog!" said one of them to his companions. “He cannot eat the hay himself and yet refuses to allow those who can to eat!”
People often grudge others what they cannot have themselves.
THE ANT AND THE GRASSHOPPER
Did you hear of the Grasshopper who sang all summer while the Ant worked hard collecting food? Well, one cold winter’s night a hungry, miserable little Grasshopper hopped by the window of an Ant, warmly lit up by a lamp. He peeped in, hoping to find some food on their table to beg. Looking through the glass, he saw mounds of grain stacked in a corner and happy chatter among the ants as they walked around busy with their work. The grasshopper decided to knock. “Could you please spare me some food, dear Ant, I am so cold and hungry,” pleaded the Grasshopper when an ant opened the door. “Weren’t you the Grasshopper who sang all summer while we worked? You even laughed at us while we gathered grain under the blazing sun!” said the Ant. "Yes, I was," admitted the Grasshopper. “Well, you sang then," replied the Ant as he closed the door. "You can dance now!"
Don't play when you have to work.
THE ASS AND THE LAPDOG
A man had an Ass. The Ass was left in a stable and had plenty of oats and hay to eat, just as any other Ass would. The man also had a very beautiful Maltese Lapdog. The Lapdog knew many tricks and was a great favorite with his master, who often fondled him and seldom went out to dine without bringing him home some tidbit to eat. The Ass, however, had much work to do in grinding the corn-mill and in carrying wood from the forest or burdens from the farm. He felt sorry for himself, especially when he compared his life to that of the Lapdog. One day, he broke his cords and galloped into his master's house, kicking up his heels and frisking and fawning as well as he could. He next tried to jump about his master as he had seen the Lapdog do, but he broke the table and smashed all the dishes upon it to atoms. He then attempted to lick his master, and jumped upon his back. The servants, hearing the noise came to the room and and drove out the Ass to his stable with kicks and clubs and cuffs. The Ass, as he returned to his stall beaten nearly to death, said: "I have brought it all on myself! Why could I not have been contented to labor with my companions, and not wish to be idle all the day like that useless little Lapdog!"
MORAL Don't try to be something you are not.
THE ASS AND HIS DRIVER
An Ass was once trudging up the edge of a steep hill with his Master.
"Do what you want. straining forward. He wanted to throw himself over the cliff! The Master caught him by the tail just has he was about to fall over. "Let me go!" brayed the Ass. So he released the stubborn animal. but at your own cost.Suddenly the animal left the Master's side and bolted off the road. "Let me go!" The owner could not do anything but let the Ass go. He couldn't figure out why he wanted to jump off the edge either." MORAL Don't be too stubborn in wanting your own foolish way. saying. .
. the Ass thought of tricking the Wolf by pretending to be lame. it would hurt your throat when you swallow me for your dinner. “Could you please help me remove it – you see. as though in pain. “Ow!” yelped the Ass.” MORAL Don't try to be something you are not.THE ASS AND THE WOLF An Ass was once calmly feeding in a meadow when from the corner of his eye he spied a Wolf getting ready to pounce on him. bleeding from his mouth. With no time to waste. Before he knew what was happening. “It looks like a sharp thorn in my foot!” said the Ass looking with distress at the sole of his hoof. “I shouldn’t have tried to be a doctor when I was born only to be a butcher.” said the injured animal. “It serves me right. So he bent down to remove the thorn from the Ass’ foot. “What' s the matter!?” asked the Wolf walking out of his hiding. quite curious to see the sudden change.” The Wolf agreed with him. the Ass shot out his foot and kicked the Wolf’s teeth right in! Then turning on his heels the Ass sped away from the scene.
adding it to the rest of what remained. with most of it melting away. On the way home the Ass suddenly stumbled as he was crossing a stream and fell into the water. they passed the stream and yet again the Ass lay down in the water to lighten his burden. and started home again. but sponges! The Master loaded half a dozen sponges onto the animal’s back and once again started off for home. thinking that his load would get lighter.THE ASS AND THE LOAD OF SALT A peddler once bought a large sack of salt from a town far away and loaded it onto the back of his Ass. Once more. he found that the load had become much lighter! The Master. Off to town went the peddler and the Ass for the third time. And it did! But the Ass’s trick didn’t remain hidden from the Master for too long and he promptly decided to teach the animal a lesson. When the Ass got on to his legs again. drove him back into town and bought some more salt. No sooner had they reached the stream than the Ass lay down in the water. But instead of getting lighter the sponges soaked in large amounts of water and got heavier and heavier! The poor beast! He now carried double his burden! MORAL Don't try to shirk your duty. however. it might cost you heavily. . But not for more salt. Along with the animal the sack of salt too fell into the water.
They played and danced freely about the house. one by one. Hoisting herself onto a peg. So pulling up an old trick. Inside buckets. hoping that the rats would now come to feed on her! But the mice couldn’t be out smarted so easily! One of the mice. the mice scurried to get out of the cat’s way. The cat was sad. Till the day a cat. all becoming her prey. in the kitchen and on the roof. but didn’t give up on them and lay in wait outside the hideout. the cat hung down limp from it. under beds. dear cat. hurrying to hide themselves in a hole at the dark end of the kitchen. smelt her alive and said. “Even though you should be well and truly dead. found them out! The lucky cat couldn’t believe the feast that lay before her! She lost no time and started to pounce on the mice. The big and the little. we would not come near you! MORAL "He who is once fooled is twice careful. peeping cautiously out of the hole. she decided to lure them out by pretending to be dead meat. Several hours passed when the cat realized that the mice were not going to emerge.THE CAT AND THE MICE There were mice all over. Surprised and frightened." . prowling around. rats with pink ears and stringy tails. They rushed about.
Not twisted to one side. Mother Crab noticed that her son was walking rather strangely to one side. I am sure I could follow in it. MORAL "Instruct by example. but failed in her attempts. moving yourself forward. “Why do you walk in this one-sided manner.THE CRAB AND ITS MOTHER One day a Crab and her son set out for a walk on the sand. my son. “If you show me the straight way mother. You must walk straight. He turned to his mother. A little distance away.” Mother Crab tried to walk straight as she wanted her son to.” The little Crab tried to correct his walk but couldn’t get it at all." . The Crab and its Mother then walked on towards the shore in silence.
As the the pitcher filled with stones. the water slowly climbed its way between the spaces to reach right to the top! The clever crow then drank of the sweet water to his heart’s content. far too short! “What do I do?” said the crow. trying in every way to get his face into the jar and almost knocking it over twice! He finally got a bright idea. he discovered that the water lay way down at the bottom. Collecting small pebbles in his beak. The neck of the pitcher was too narrow.THE CROW AND THE PITCHER There was once a thirsty Crow searching high and low for some water to drink. the crow started to drop them one by one into the pitcher. . MORAL Necessity is the mother of invention. “At last. and his beak. standing tall and deep.” he panted. “I see some water to quench my thirst!” When he got to the jar. From far above the trees he spotted a pitcher of water lying on the ground.
plotting how he could catch the Cock. the Fox said to the Cock from below. “I think I will sleep in the cozy hollow of this tree trunk tonight. the sun rose and the Cock started crowing loudly. as he did each dawn. “Excuse me sir. They walked through thickets and vine. decided to outsmart him. Soon it was morning. decided to go on a trip together one day. aware of his cunning ways.” said the Dog. past meadows and over streams and finally settled down in a thick wood for the night to have their rest. THE COCK AND THE FOX Two great friends. “Could you please first wake up my porter in the hollow here below? He will open the door and let you in. MORAL Do not be taken in by flattery. He remembered the faithfulness and strength of his friend. COCK-A-DOODLE-DOOOO! Nearby in the thickets was a hungry Fox whose ears pricked up when he heard the sound of the Cock crowing. I heard a beautiful song from this tree a little while ago. Using his sweetest tone. . I would be delighted to meet the owner of so exquisite a voice. and replied. “Ah breakfast!” thought the Fox as he ran to the tree.THE DOG.” Eagerly the Fox went to the hollow. a Dog and a Cock. only to find the Dog there. the Dog. who made him run for his life. The Cock chose to perch on one of the branches and before long both friends were asleep.” The Cock.
before they could get the water level down by even a fraction of an inch.THE DOGS AND THE HIDES A group of Dogs once spotted some cowhides soaking in the river. and much beyond their reach. bizarre as it was. MORAL Don't attempt the impossible! . they all jumped at it! Within the next few minutes the hungry Dogs were taking in great big gulps of water. But the hides were far off in the deepest part of the river. to save their own lives. their stomachs burst! One by one they fell dead on the banks of the river. The starving Dogs were desperate. lapping up the river with whatever strength they had left. However. long while. done in by the very task they had taken on. So when one of them got the idea to empty out the river and reach the skins by drinking up the water. They were hungry and the wet skins were the only sign of food in a long.
THE EAGLE AND THE BEETLE An Eagle was once chasing a Hare across a meadow. . for help. But the Beetle noticed this too. He made a ball the size of an Eagle’s egg. The Beetle readily agreed to help. and in a devious plan decided to destroy the Eagle’s eggs as soon as they were hatched. flew up to Jupiter’s lap and placed it there along with the eggs. “Please protect my young ones. hoping for some aid from the tiny insect.” the Hare pleaded.” replied Jupiter kindly. he got ready to face the eagle as the bird swooped down towards his prey. He never forgot the incident. Each time the Eagle laid an egg. She went right ahead and attacked her prey. The Beetle’s pride was hurt. Taking a deep breath and puffing out his chest. much less hear his tiny voice . The hare was terrified and didn’t know what to do to save herself except run. gobbling the Hare up. “Don’t you dare touch the Hare!” shouted the Beetle to the Eagle. help me get away from the Eagle. This carried on for a while. till the distressed Eagle went to Jupiter. the Beetle would make his way to the nest. Suddenly she saw a little Beetle among the tall grass flying past and paused: “Please. roll the egg out and then drop it to the ground." “You can lay your eggs in my lap. He wanted to get back at the Eagle. dear Beetle. But the Eagle did not notice the insect. the special protector of eagles. Begging him to give her a safe place to nest in she said.
MORAL You're never so small that you're insignificant. he was surprised to see it there and stood up to shake it off his lap. out flew all the Eagle's eggs as well. because of this. crashing to the ground. It is fabled that from then on. But along with the dirt. Eagles never lay their eggs in the season of the Beetles. .When Jupiter saw the dirt.
father. and they said to each other. “Will you look after our farm in the same way that I did all these years?” “Yes. “There is no treasure here!” disappointed after finding nothing. the land began to give forth a superabundant harvest. MORAL There is no substitute for hard work. than the two men took their hoes and spades and began carefully digging over every portion of the land. “There is a great treasure hidden in one of my vineyards. “We will. He called his two sons and said to them. because of the many hours of hard work. When they finished the whole lot the men said.” The father then told them. Thier eyes were opened. preserving the memory of their father in the land for many years to come. But not long after.” No sooner had their father died.” said the two sons.THE FARMER AND HIS SONS A farmer was dying one day. . to be sure!” From then on they always cared for the farm. “Our treasure is in our labour and care of the land.
“Please let me go free – I have a broken leg and am in great pain! I promise to never return to your field again. “Besides. Each day as he planted seeds in the ground. As the sun blazed down on the brown earth. I am a bird of character and breeding. but to me you are all robbers. . Look at my feathers too. The peasant walked up to them triumphant. unlike these other birds. master!” The Farmer turned to see where the voice was coming from. It belonged to a different sort of bird. the Farmer bought a very large net and laid it across the field. the long legged cranes would swoop down on the field and gobble them up. you see. the Farmer waited quietly behind a bush. The calls of the birds were heard from a far and before long the cranes landed on the field – only this time they could not take off again! They were trapped in the net. “I am not a crane. “What you say may be true. One morning.THE FARMER AND THE STORK There was once a Farmer who was being troubled by cranes. they are different!” The Farmer laughed out loud and said. The Farmer tried to chase them away. Suddenly he heard one of the birds pleading. but a Stork. Please. And since you were in the company of the cranes you too must die with them!” MORAL Birds of a feather flock together. But the cranes would always return.” continued the injured bird looking at the Farmer with drooping eyes.
a fox. “Oh. “I am the queen of birds and I will prove it to him”. delighted with himself. She then opened her mouth to caw her loudest caw and out popped the piece of meat to the ground below! The fox. Picking it up her beak. hungry for something to eat. I would crown you the Queen of Birds!” The crow was taken aback." . she perched herself high up on a branch of a tree to feast on it. she thought. picked it up and ran away as fast as he could! MORAL "Beware of flattery. and so falsely declared. The piece of meat danced before his eyes and he longed to have it for himself! Cunning as he was.THE FOX AND THE CROW There was once a vain crow who chanced upon a delicious piece of meat. He knew that the crow was a vain creature. spied her among the branches. but if only your voice was equal to your beauty. the fox devised a plan. But before she could take her first bite. “How beautiful you are O crow! How fair and gracious is your form!” The crow was thrilled to hear these words and turned towards the crow wide-eyed! “It’s working!” said the fox to himself and continued with his lies.
The fox fled into the wilderness. propping his forelegs against the wall. As the goat started to lap up the cool water. than to have the fox trick me in this way. "Hello friend. All he could do was sigh and say with regret. "Yes. Soon a goat came by for a drink of water. He first got the goat to stand on his hind legs. "How shall I escape?" cried the fox." The goat cheerfully agreed to his idea after listening to a run of it. it is cool and clean. "Have you realized that we are now both stuck inside the well? If you follow my plan though. Then he leaped onto the goat's back. why don't you come down here yourself and take a sip!" Thirsty for water. He bent down to look for the water in the well and saw the fox inside." I will help you out once I'm through!" But help never came. leaving the goat to watch the sun go down and the moon slowly rise over the roof of the well. "I wish I had more sense. . stepped on his sturdy horns and hoisted himself out of the well.THE FOX AND THE GOAT One day a fox fell into a well and could not get out. On the way the fox called. The fox lost no time. we will escape smoothly and quickly. the fox said. The walls were steep and the top loomed high above him. is the water sweet down there?" The fox suddenly got an idea." MORAL Look before you leap. He decided to make use of the goat's strong back to climb out and replied. the goat jumped in without giving a thought to how he would climb back out. If only I looked carefully before jumping in.
with no success. It certainly was very hot. . though hotter and even thirstier than before! MORAL Sometimes when we cannot get what we want. Turning around. So he decided to jump. and the fox was thirsting for something to drink. ”These grapes must be sour!” and walked away with his nose in the air. This time too. the fox finally concluded. we pretend that it is not worth having. The fox tried to jump for the grapes again and again and yet again. But the vine on which the grapes hung was too high for him to reach even with his longest stretch. Since he could not reach the delicious looking grapes. “These grapes are just what I need to quench my thirst!” said the fox. he ran towards the vine and took a great big leap. he jumped again. but missed the grapes. Drawing back a few paces. to no avail.THE FOX AND THE GRAPES One hot summer's day a certain fox saw a juicy bunch of grapes hanging from a vine.
but he said. “You are beautiful. And that certainly makes me more attractive than you.THE FOX AND THE LEOPARD The Fox and the Leopard had a contest one day on who was the more beautiful of the two. But do you know that my beauty is not outwards? I am gifted in cleverness and wiles. and quietly walked away. he said. . The Leopard pointed out his spots to the Fox one by one. Slowly following them over his skin. “Can you show off such spots?” The Fox was not impressed.” The Leopard was speechless. MORAL Beauty is often only skin deep.
“How do you do. MORAL Familiarity breeds contempt. sir. He stood and watched him from a distance instead. The next time he saw the King of beasts. he didn’t even look my way. and ran off to hide himself in the woods. sir? ” But the Lion made no reply. it was a pleasure meeting you. the Fox continued. “Hey.THE FOX AND THE LION There once was a young Fox who chanced upon a Lion in the jungle for the first time. . He was terribly frightened.” And with a swish of his tail. the Fox plucked up courage and decided not to run away. I shall see you again around here soon. I’m sure. the little Fox then turned and walked away from the mighty Lion. and no movement either! Observing that the Lion did not attempt to attack him even at such close quarters. he is not so ferocious after all!” the little animal declared scornfully. “Well. A few days later when the Fox saw the Lion again he went straight up to him said. “His head looks so fierce and his jaw so hard!” thought the Fox.
one before the stork. the Fox found himself at the Stork’s table with a long-necked jar before him. invited the Stork first to dinner.” he said. my friend. “I am so sorry. Pouring it into two shallow bowls he placed them on the table. did you?” the Fox asked trying hard not to laugh. That evening he made nothing but soup.” The Fox could now easily lap up the soup but his poor guest could only wet the end of her long bill! The Stork finally came away at the end of the visit as hungry as when she started it. the Fox and the Stork decided to make friends with each other. I would now like to invite you to my house.THE FOX AND THE STORK Two friends.” replied the Stork. “Please do not be sorry. “I hope you enjoy it. who was a bit of a prankster. “Here is some delicious soup made specially for you. However on the appointed day. The Fox. “I am grateful for your invitation. All that the Stork had prepared was in that jar.” So an evening was arranged when the Fox could visit the Stork for dinner. You did not like the soup I made. And all that the Fox could do was lick the outside of the jar with his short snout! MORAL Do unto other as you would have other do unto you! .
seeing that it did not move. they decided. As they looked high and low about the swamp. This continued for many days till they got tired of it and stopped. prompting all the Frogs to come and do the same. they heard a mighty splash behind them. this is our king!" After a time. Then one of them jumped on the log and started to dance up and down on it. shouldn't we have them too?" So they set off in search of a king. One day however. But some of them thought that this was not right: "Shouldn't we have a king to rule over us? And what about laws. The Frogs were terrified by the sound that the object made but were much in awe of its size and strength.THE FROGS DESIRING A KING Down in a marshy swamp surrounded by tall grass. So they went about in search of another king: "We want a real king. It still did not move. one that will actually rule over us. He even touched it. "This is our king. one or two of the boldest of them dared to go close to the log. that this did not suit them. they went splashing about caring for nobody and nobody troubled them. "What could that be!" they cried. Then they forgot about their King altogether. For some time the Frogs lived their usual happy lives without taking the slightest notice of their new King Log. with not a whit of an idea as to what a king should look like. a group of Frogs were living together as happy as could be. again. They all rushed to the bank to look at the horrible monster and shouted. It was a large branch of a tree that broke off from an ageing tree overhead." .
But it was too late. The stork not only agreed. regretting that they ever wanted to change they way they lived. MORAL Better no rule than cruel rule.They soon came across a big Stork that stood tall in the marshy water and towered over them in a very kingly manner. "Sir. could you be our king and rule us with a firm hand?" they pleaded. but soon set to work gobbling them all up! The Frogs begged for mercy and shouted for help. .
Buzzing around the Lion in a song of victory. the Gnat suddenly found himself to be the main course of the resident spider’s meal! Before disappearing into the spider’s mouth. the little insect. Now I am about to be destroyed by a miserable trifling of an insect like the spider!” MORAL . still dizzy from his triumph. I am more powerful than you. but before he knew it.THE GNAT AND THE LION A tiny Gnat once said to a mighty Lion. “Let’s fight and see who wins. “And just what do you mean by that dear fellow?” “Well. Along the forest path.” The Lion accepted the challenge with a laugh. you see. “I do not in the least fear you. the Gnat was heard saying. But he tore his own face. He chased the Gnat all over his body till he was bleeding from every limb and corner and was badly wounded. Bound and still stunned. He tore at the Gnat with his claws and tried to crush him. The Lion was taken aback. poor me! I could defeat a mighty Lion. He flew into a rage. eager to pick a brawl. the Gnat had fixed himself upon his face and stung him on the nostrils. “Oh poor me. flew right into the web of a hungry spider. even though you can scratch with your claws and bite with your teeth. nor are you stronger than I am!” “Really?” said the Lion with a yawn.” piped the Gnat. the Gnat picked up speed and buzzed away.
Don't boast. . you can always be undone.
only to find that not only were there no golden eggs in store.” And that is exactly what he did. “This is a trick!” said the man on finding the strange egg. But in growing rich he also became very greedy. The man would go to the nest every morning. but thought again that it might be a very precious metal. He was sure that someone had tried to cheat him. ”If I cut up the Goose I will collect all the eggs at once and make my fortune in one swoop. He thought. MORAL Greed often makes you lose even what you have. but the bird was now dead and unable to lay a single golden egg for him from then on. The egg was heavy as lead and hard to crack. collect the eggs and sell them at the market place. yellow egg appeared in the nest among the white. “It is gold – I’m rich!” said the man delighted now at his discovery. He was about to throw it away. a shiny. The magical pet laid a golden egg everyday while the simple countryman grew rich selling the precious eggs he collected.THE GOOSE AND THE GOLDEN EGG There was once a countryman who had a pet Goose that laid eggs. thus making his daily living. . One morning.
Set. They fixed a goal and set off – Ready. However halfway down the path to the finish. past his friend.THE HARE AND THE TORTOISE The Hare thought the Tortoise was slow. He couldn’t see the hare anywhere about. “You have such short feet. steady pace. As the Hare slept the Tortoise walked on.” The Hare was taken aback. . Go – the Hare. All he could see was a little speck in the distance – quite close to the goal – “It’s the Tortoise!” he screamed and bolted down the path. “no wonder you are so slow!” “You really think so?” replied the Tortoise. just tease him. But here was a serious competitor all ready for a race to the finish. “I bet I can beat you in a race. past the smiling monkeys and straight on to the finish line. He agreed anyway. “Lets humour this guy. The Tortoise in the meanwhile went on in his slow but unchanging. But when he lay down to rest he fell into a deep sleep.” said the Hare. Just as the Tortoise was about to reach the end. past the laughing foxes. the Hare started to feel very tired and decided that since he had such a headway he might as well rest for a while. the Hare awoke. But the Tortoise had already taken his last step over the finish line. very confident and smirking as he looked back over his shoulder at the Tortoise inching forward.” he thought. He never meant to challenge the Tortoise.
The Hare was too late. way past the finish line and fast asleep with a smile on his face. the Tortoise. And on making it to end what he saw was his friend. MORAL Slow but steady wins the race. .
Would you like to come over to my house and share a tasty meal of it with me?" His plan was to lure the Bull into his den. "When I seat him down to eat I will pounce on him and kill him!" The Bull agreed. sensing danger. "Why are you leaving?" asked the Lion. The Lion knew that he would be too big to overpower. . "I have just caught a fine sheep." replied the Bull. but as food! For all I see are means to cook a bull. He thought. But the Bull was a large animal. The Bull. the Lion said. on nearing the den. and no feast of sheep anywhere about your den!" MORAL Beware of false people who promise you many things. Ambling up to the Bull. He saw large caldrons bubbling over with water too.THE LION AND THE BULL A Lion once wanted to attack a Bull for his dinner. So he decided to capture him by other means. However. the Bull saw huge skewers to roast meat over fire. "What have I done to offend you?" "It is quite plain to me that you planned to have me for supper. turned around and quickly walked away. But no sign of the sheep. "Not as a guest.
I may be able to do you a turn some day. Who knows. he was unable to free himself and seemed doomed to death when the hunters came across him. the Lion was caught in a trap set by some hunters." cried the little Mouse." The Lion was so tickled at the idea of the Mouse being able to help him. "Please forgive me and let me go.THE LION AND THE MOUSE Once upon a time a Lion was sleeping when he was woken by a mouse who ran up and down his body." . that he lifted up his paw and let him go. and seeing the sad plight in which the Lion was. O King. and opened his big jaws to swallow him. Angry tha this sleep was disturbed. MORAL "Little friends may prove great friends. Tied up tight. Some time later. he placed his huge paw upon the mouse. "Didn't I tell you that I might be able to help you one day?" said the little Mouse. Just then the little Mouse happened to pass by. went up to him and soon gnawed away the ropes that bound the King of the Beasts. "Pardon.
Suddenly a Satyr (a spirit of the woods with a man’s chest and goats legs. Could you please lead me out of this forest?” The Satyr instead offered to give him a lodging for the night. “And c-c-c-cold too. "And what are you doing that for?" said the Satyr. tail and horns ." "Out you go. "The porridge is too hot. This time the Man raised his spoon to his mouth and began blowing on it. and then guide him out of the forest safely in the morning. sending out his guest to once again face the cold and dark forest." said the Satyr. They soon reached the Satyr's home.” said the Man.THE MAN AND THE SATYR Once upon a time on a bitter winter's night in a dark and lonely forest. “Are you lost. the Man tried to keep himself warm by cupping both his hands against his mouth and blowing into them. "My hands are numb with the cold and my breath warms them up. As he followed the Satyr to his home. lost and trying to find his way out.” replied the Man. “Yes. and I am using my breath to cool it." said the Satyr in disgust. “It is too dangerous to go any farther tonight. "What are you doing that for?" said the Satyr. And before long the Satyr soon put a smoking dish of porridge before his guest.it doesn't exist. of course) appeared to him. "I will have nothing to do with a man like you who can blow hot and cold with the same breath!" MORAL . was a Man. my friend?” asked the Satyr. ears.
.Be wary of people who change natures depending on the situation.
THE BOY AND THE DONKEY Once a man and his son were walking to the market with their donkey.THE MAN. . "Shame on that lazy lout to let his poor little son trudge along. Then they raised the pole to their shoulders and carried the donkey upside down." The man then ordered the boy to get off. Soon they reached the town. “You fools." The man didn't know what to do at first. They went along amid the laughter of all who met them till they came to the market bridge. One of them said. The man stopped and asked them what they were scoffing at. But they hadn't gone far when they passed two women. The people said. "Aren't you ashamed of yourself for overloading that poor donkey?" The man and the boy got off. and got on himself. They took a long pole and tied the donkey's feet to it. One of them said to the other. what is a donkey for but to ride upon?!” So the man decided to put his son on the donkey and they went on their way. A little while later they passed a group of men. caused the boy to drop his end of the pole. he lets his father walk while he rides. There too the passers-by began to jeer and point at them. A countryman noticed that the donkey was walking alongside them and laughed. "See that lazy youngster. At last they had an idea. The donkey accidentally got one of his feet loose and kicking out. He thought and thought and finally decided to put his son up in front of him on the donkey. They had to think of what to do all over again.
. the poor donkey. fell over the bridge and drowned. MORAL When you try to please everybody.In the struggle that followed. with his forelegs tied together. you won't please anybody.
“I can sell it at the market place for a lot of money!" Her imagination now started to carry her away: “And what shall I do with the money? I shall buy eggs! ” “And what shall I do with the eggs? “I shall hatch them into fat chickens. “I will then go to the ball with this dress and all the handsome. “I will buy a gorgeous gown. her dream gown and groups of adoring young men. the chickens. of course. MORAL Do not count your chickens before they are hatched. pretty maid?’ And I will toss my head and say.” laughing out loud and thoroughly enjoying her daydream. and with it the imaginary eggs. young men will say. But not a drop dipped over. . The milk danced about the inside of the pail. And what shall I do with the chickens? “I will sell them in the market. “Oh. She swayed this way and that. Down went the pail of milk crashing to the ground. I must be careful not to drop the milk!” the maid said to herself. the farmer’s daughter tossed her head about in the air. ‘No Sir!’ ” Uttering these words.THE MILKMAID AND HER PAIL The farmer’s daughter was once walking down the road to the market with a pail of milk on her head. ‘Will you marry me. And then what shall I do with the money?” she asked herself all over again.
The sailor and his monkey dived into the sea and swam for their lives. As he sailed away from the coast of Greece. "I belong to one of the most noble families of that city!" "Do you? I would be honoured to meet your family. MORAL Those who lie and boast may end up in trouble. he is my friend. As they neared land." The Dolphin realized that the Monkey was lying. threw the Monkey off his back and drowned him in the water. Thinking that the monkey was a human. Soon a Dolphin caught sight of the monkey in the water. It was a long journey by sea. thinking that it was the name of a person. The friendly Dolphin. So he carried along with him a little Monkey to play with. The ship tossed about in the wind. But the Monkey. He was furious.THE MONKEY AND THE DOLPHIN There was once a sailor who set off to a far off land alone. a violent storm arose. It was going to sink. "O yes! I know him. The Dolphin put the monkey on his back and started to swim towards Athens." lied the monkey. "Are you an Athenian?" "Yes. now no longer friendly." said the Dolphin and then asked the Monkey if he knew the Piraeus. the fish asked the Monkey. replied. Now. the Piraeus was a famous harbour of Athens. He loved humans. he swam up to help him. .
Now not knowing his friend was dead the Frog kept on swimming till he found himself being pulled to the surface. He dragged his friend behind him to the meadow where they found their food. Instead all the Mouse could do was cough and splutter in response and then miserably choke to death. harm catch. the pranks went a bit too far. He soon spied the dead Mouse on the water and swooped down to pick it up. The frog swam about laughing and croaking pretending that he was giving the Mouse a good time. This time the frog decided to tie the Mouse’ foot to his own leg. though at times..THE MOUSE. Along with it the Mouse. the Frog too got pulled up into the air and before long became the heartiest meal of the day for a very satisfied Hawk. being mischievous. as the body of the Mouse rose up to the top. the frog played a few harmless pranks on his friend. "See the beauty of the place I live in!" said the Frog. however. "Are you having fun?" he shouted to the Mouse. MORAL Harm hatch. THE FROG AND THE HAWK There was once a little Mouse who made had fast friends with a Frog. The two got on famously. One day. The Mouse enjoyed the tricks. A large Hawk was circling overhead. . and then led the Mouse to the edge of the pool where he lived. But to the Mouse’s horror the Frog took a great big leap into the pool.
the louder the grasshopper sang! The Owl finally decided to put an end to it with a devious plan. a grasshopper hopping merrily nearby from leaf to leaf seemed to be in very high spirits. So up she flew to the Owl’s perch. . As luck would have it. Would you care to join me?” The grasshopper was pleased with the praise she got. swooped down and snuffed out her life. in a wink of an eye. I'd rather spend my time now drinking some of that delicious nectar stored in my larder.THE OWL AND THE GRASSHOPPER One bright summer morning an Owl was enjoying her sleep in her den in an old tree. what the insect encountered was the bitter grimace on the face of the Owl who. she said. MORAL Do not let flattery lower your guard against your enemies. dear grasshopper. But instead of nectar. Her chirping was loud and woke up the old Owl from her sleep. But since I cannot sleep on account of your sweet song. “Your voice. The Owl called out to the grasshopper. is so melodious to my ears. Fully awake by now. “I really need to sleep! Can you quit chirping?” But the more she pleaded with him to halt her chirping.
and blew herself out. "Bigger!" The mother kept blowing and blowing. child. And then she burst! MORAL Do not try to be bigger than you are! Or something you are not! . the frogs ran home to their mother to tell her about the awesome beast. then?” “No. Awed." she cried." So she blew herself out. "Was he as big as this?" she asked. "I can also make myself big." said the mother Frog. and swelled and swelled. and blew herself out. One day. "Tush.” She blew herself out some more. “No. as a great big ox came to the pond to drink.THE OX AND THE FROG There was once a bunch of little frogs playing in a calm pond by the side of a meadow. Many animals came by to drink water from there. “Bigger. "I am sure he was not as big as this. “Was he as big as this." her children said.” her children replied.
I am dressed like a king. with your feet trampling on bird droppings!" MORAL Fine feathers need not make fine birds. Look at me. You walk on the ground. in gold and purple and all the colours of the rainbow!" "That may be true.THE PEACOCK AND THE CRANE There was once a vain Peacock who strutted about all day spreading his beautiful feathers for all to see and admire. One day he came across a Crane and decided to poke fun at him and his appearance. . "but I soar to the heights of heaven and lift my voice to the stars. just like any other cock." replied the Crane. colourless and dull to all who chance to see you. "What a pale grey coat of feathers you have.
I am sure you don’t.” “Yes. We don’t make any fuss.THE PIG AND THE SHEEP One day a fat Pig found his way into a pasture where some Sheep were grazing. Kicking with all his strength. The unwary Pig soon found himself in the clutches of the shepherd and started to squeal loudly. The shepherd. “The shepherd catches us everyday and drags us off just like that. At the edge of the pasture however.” panted the Pig. who was watching his flock not far away spotted the Pig and decided to capture him for a good meal that evening. “Let me go! Let me go!” he yelled. struggling to break free. one of the Sheep stopped him and said. the Pig slipped out of the hands of the shepherd ran away. “but my case and yours are not the same: he only wants you for wool but he wants to cut me up for my bacon!” MORAL It is easy to be brave when there is no danger. .
The Rose was aware of the Butterfly’s beauty too. and told the Butterfly of all the times she had seen him with other flowers. Pledging to be faithful forever he said goodbye and promised to return soon. I saw you making eyes at every single Bug you could see! Ha! You certainly cannot expect faithfulness from me!” MORAL Be faithful if you expect faithfulness in return. “Faithful! Is this your faithfulness?” cried the Rose. She had long since been charmed by the bright patterns of gold and silver on his wings. “I love you too. And so when he fluttered near and told her of his love. “And what about you. “I had no sooner left than I saw Zephyr and Mr. Bumble Bee charming you. she blushed rosily and said. . “ I also saw you flying around Miss Mignonette until Honey Bee chased you away. dear Rose?” laughed the Butterfly. sadly. it was time to take her leave. I wish he had stung you!” she said.THE ROSE AND THE BUTTERFLY A Butterfly once fell in love with a beautiful Rose. But hours passed into days and it was a long time since the Rose saw the Butterfly again.” The Butterfly danced around the lovely flower for many hours till.
He wanted to adopt the pup. As the pup grew bigger. or some of your own flock will become my prey!" MORAL Beware of false shepherds! . So he picked him up and carried him home.THE SHEPHERD AND THE WOLF There was once a Shepherd who found a little Wolf pup abandoned in the forest. the Wolf warned his master. Do you know I am able to steal your sheep too? You had better be on your guard at all times. before setting out on his first mission. the Shepherd started to teach the animal to steal lambs from the neighbours' flocks. However. "You have taught me to steal. The Wolf got highly adept at the tricks his master taught him.
unlike my legs that seem so ugly and thin. The slight rustle of the grass behind however alerted him to danger and before the Lion could pounce. ready to spring on the unsuspecting stag. " I wish I did not have feet like these!” While he was lost in thought. and before long. he noticed his reflection in the clear pool and started to think." He sighed. what shall I do now !" he cried. "My feet tried to save me. the stag became easy prey. They are large and well shaped. the hungry Lion's next meal! MORAL The things we don't value are sometimes worth a lot. but these very antlers that I valued so greatly over my legs will now lead me to my death! ” Trapped in the mesh of leaves. the stag fled from the scene! As long as the grassy plain spread out before him. “ My horns are so very attractive. a Lion crept up from behind. Bending down to quench his thirst. . the stag could keep running. his horns became entangled with the vines and branches and he found himself stuck! “Oh. But as soon as he reached the woods.THE STAG AT THE POOL One hot summer’s day. a young stag came to a spring for a drink of water.
however. when someone else entered the kitchen to take something out of a cupboard. generously sharing his store of wheatstocks and roots newly pulled up from the bushes. with a fare of food you wouldn’t even imagine! I am sorry to say this. It is so much better there. The Town Mouse. squeaking in fear. He said. someone opened the kitchen door! The two mice jumped up and ran off as fast as they could. Scarcely had they begun. He took him around the countryside to see new sights. Once they knew that all was clear they then squeezed out of the hole again and set about eating their feast before them.” “Oh yes. When the Country Mouse reached the plush city home of the Town Mouse. “This is simply delightful!” said the Country Mouse. The mice scampered off again more frightened than before! .” said the Country Mouse sportingly and the two set about making plans for a visit to the city. was not impressed. a mouth-watering spread of dried figs. beans and bread was put before the mouse from the countryside. but your life here is no better than an ant’s. And as a special treat at the end. “I wish I could have all this on the farm!” Just as they began to eat. into a tiny little dark hole in the wall. “I wish you would come and visit me in the city.THE TOWN MOUSE AND THE COUNTRY MOUSE A Country Mouse once invited his friend the Town Mouse to visit him on the farm. raisins. honey. out came a dainty piece of cheese from a basket. I’d love to try it out someday.
” MORAL There is no place like home. but I really must leave you to enjoy it by yourself. And yes. however dry. I prefer my bare farmlands offering safety and peace of mind. “There are too many dangers here. I prefer the bush roots.The Country Mouse was famished by now and said to his friend. . as long as I can eat them without fear. “The feast you have set before me is very tempting. my friend. Goodbye. than the dangerous luxury of this city.
seemed to suddenly grow a shade gloomier. That is because one pot was made of brass and the other was made of clay. “Why not? We could be friends. “No. One glistened happily in the sun while the other looked dull and soggy from being wet in the water.” said the brass pot. you will find someone further downstream just like you to play with!” The brass pot. “I am too fragile. I must stay far from you and cannot think of being your friend.” replied the clay pot. If you touch me even once I will shatter into pieces. Please go way. “Please do not come near me!” said the earthen pot to the brass. . MORAL Equals make the best friends.THE TWO POTS There were once two pots floating down the river. while the earthen pot wet and cold in the wind. disappointed and sad. then floated away as the river took him across to another corner of the riverbank.
The next day all the birds got together once more before the Sun. "I can dress my drab feathers in these pretty colours!" he cawed. little creatures.THE VAIN JACKDAW One day. searching for some means of changing the way he looked. the birds of a certain forest got together to select a king from among themselves. Some of the birds suggested that they go to the Sun for help. to be our King. he found a number of feathers strewn all over the place where all the birds had collected. Return to me tomorrow with every single bird of the forest and I will select the most striking of all to be your king. one that is most beautiful. And who should be chosen King. all living creatures in the air and on the ground pass under your fierce gaze. He was terribly eager to be chosen king. "I can help you." said the Sun. "Who shall we name King?" they cried. but the Jackdaw! . as decided. with nothing but black and grey feathers all over his body. To his good fortune. Surely you will be able to choose from among all the birds you see. The Jackdaw looked around in despair after the birds had gone." said one of the birds. "O mighty Sun. But he also knew that he was dull and unattractive. and set about sticking the many-hued plumes in between his own. In the midst of the birds was a young Jackdaw.
and uglier than he ever was! MORAL It is not only fine feathers that make fine birds . They even picked out many of his real ones! The vain bird was finally left standing alone. They then went about plucking off all the false feathers of the Jackdaw. They weren't fooled by the Jackdaw's disguise and called loudly to the Sun to see the hoax before him. sorry and ashamed.But that wasn't for long. for the other birds flared up in protest.
"Yes." said the Lion. you'd better let me have that too!" roared the Lion. The second share because I am a partner with you. while the Wild Ass offered to use his powerful speed to out run their prey. took to his heels and ran off as fast as he could! MORAL In the world. if you do value your life.THE WILD ASS AND THE LION One day a Wild Ass and a Lion decided to go hunting together as partners. And the last one. . "I will take the first share because I am King. The Wild Ass. the last one. well. when it was time to divide the spoils. fearing now for his own life. Before long the two predators had caught more animals than they would need for weeks! However. "Let us divide the dead animals into three shares." said the Lion." "Into three shares?" asked the Wild Ass. might is often right. the Lion said. "I will use my mighty strength.
Then delicately placing her beak in his throat. and the hungry animal lost no time in tearing it to pieces. She told the Wolf to open his jaws as wide as he could. that should be reward enough for you!" MORAL Be careful who you trust. dear Crane. "You put your head into the mouth of a Wolf. and are still alive. but when the Crane came forward for her reward. got it right out of his mouth. The Wolf gave a great sigh of relief. famed for her long neck and beak. He had found food! A young fawn lay in his path as he prowled through the bushes in the forest. she shook the bone loose with her beak and before long.THE WOLF AND THE CRANE It was the Wolf's lucky day. Suddenly a bone got stuck in his throat and he found himself coughing and choking in distress! "Help!" he squeaked. he bared his teeth in a wide. "I would give anything to the creature that takes the bone out of my throat!" cried the Wolf to the animals that passed him by. mean grin and said. and ran about helter-skelter looking for someone or something to relieve his pain. The Crane. frightened. finally agreed to try. .
"You are a robber!" he shouted. Before long the Wolf came sauntering along the road down below. that you have the courage to say what you have just said only because I cannot reach you!" MORAL It is easy to be brave from a distance . smart alec. His mother had warned him not to wander too far away and told him of the scary Wolf who could catch and eat him if he wasn't careful. But the little Kid often disobeyed his mother and made up his mind one day to try out the shaky stairs leading to the rooftop. But instead of being frightened the Kid knew that he was too high up for the Wolf to do him any harm. "Why have you come here? Don't you know what a bad name you have in our village? Go away!" The Wolf growled in anger. "I know. He decided then to taunt him with words.THE WOLF AND THE KID There was once a Kid (a baby goat) who climbed high onto the roof of a house.
MORAL A bully will do anything to get what he wants.” “I don’t care. I cannot be the cause of it. “for I am only six months old. “I could not have called you names. he saw from the corner of his eye. but I must think of a way to open up a quarrel with him. Why did you do that?“ tried the Wolf once more. “if it was not you.” “Well then.THE WOLF AND THE LAMB One sunny day.” said the Lamb. As he lapped up the cool water. exactly a year ago at this very spot you called me bad names. “There’s my supper.” he thought. . then it was your father!” And with that he rushed upon the poor little Lamb and gobbled him up. a Wolf sat quenching his thirst at a calm hillside spring. “how dare you muddy the water from which I am drinking!” “Oh no!” cried the Lamb. “It looks like easy prey. “it cannot be me making your water muddy. a Lamb drinking from the same spring a little lower down the hill. The water runs down from you to me and surely.” He then called out to the Lamb.” snarled the Wolf.
crouched and ready to pounce. the Wolf said to the Kid.THE WOLF AND THE KID A kid was once happily skipping home from the pasture. long after the rest of the flock. The Kid knew that he had no escape except to run and then be outrun. some dogs heard the sounds of the pipe.” The Wolf thought it was a strange request but agreed anyway and started to play a tune. dear friend. . how could I have tried to be a piper to please you when I am only a butcher!” MORAL Dont do things that distract you from your original purpose. Running now for his life. But before I die I would ask you one favour. Growling and grinding their teeth they followed the sounds and before the song ended. began chasing the Wolf. “This is just what I deserve. he decided to stay and talk to the Wolf: “I know. but instead of doing that. So before long a Wolf appeared from behind the bushes. He was all alone and the path did have some danger. While he was piping and the kid dancing. that you are going to kill me. Please play a tune for me to dance to.
Covering himself completely with an old sheepskin.THE WOLF IN SHEEP'S CLOTHING Once upon a time. He had come back to the fold to choose one of the animals for its meat. Soon evening fell and the shepherd led his sheep away. "Aha! Now is my chance!" said the Wolf. To the Wolf's bad luck. He was hungry and knew that the shepherds of the area guarded their sheep well." said the Wolf. who was chosen to be cut up! The Wolf found himself instantly under the sharp knife of the shepherd. making his sly move into the flock eventually. A flock of sheep was grazing there. blissful under the morning sun. and soon very much dead: the hunter becoming the hunted! MORAL Pretending you are someone you are not can be dangerous! . he wandered into the pasture nearby. a Wolf decided to disguise himself as a Sheep in order to catch his prey more easily. and was about to take off his disguise when the shepherd returned. back into the fold. He locked the gate securely and left. in sheep's disguise. it was he. for the next day's meal. "When the shepherd turns his back I will slide in with them.
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