Phy_1_Del20091

I Series : SSO/1 I

:I~~O.! I I II II ··.1

Code, No. 55/1/1

~':i. .

'Candidates must write the Code on : the title page of the answer-book, ~mR-~~~~1R~ ::r. 31CRRT Wr:@ 1

• Please check that this question paper contains 15 printed pages.

• Code number given on the right hand side of the question paper should be written on the

title page of the answer -book by the candidate.

• Please check that this question paper contains 30 questions.

• Please write down the serial number of the question before attempting it.

• 15 Minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper. The question paper will be distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to 10.30 a.m., the student will read the question paper only and will not write any answer on the answer script during this period.

• ~~cpr"Rfct;~WFfl15f"#~~15~ 1

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• ~ >:iJ1i:1 cpr B fct; ~ ~-1:f5f "# 30 ~ %1

• rptm~qrr·QiRfM&"'I~m~~,~q;r·~~ft;re11 •

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PHYSICS (Theory)

14' ff1 if) fcc itl "1 (~ QJlI·Pt Ch)

Time allowed .- 3 hours } Fmfm:r mw .- 3 'rf'JZ]

[ Maximum marks ;. 70 [~:3fq:;.- 70

General Instructions :

(i) All questions are compulsory.

(ii) There are 30 questions in total. Questions 1 to 8 carry one mark each, questions 9 to 18 carry two marks each, questions 19 to 27 carry three marks each. and questions 28 to 30 carry five marks each.

(iii) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of two marks; one question of three marks and all three questions of five marks each. You have to attempt only one of the choices in such questions.

(iv) Use of calculators is not permitted.

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[P.T.O.

(v ) You may use the follow ing values of phys ical constants whe reve r necessary : c = 3 X 108 ms:"

h = 6.626 x 10-34 Js e = 1.602 x 10-19 C

~o = 4nx 10-7 T m A-I

~ = 9 x 109 N m2 C-2 411:Eo

Mass of electron me = 9.1 x 10-31 kg

Mass of neutron ~ == 1.675 X 10-27 kg Boltzmann's constant k = 1.381 X 10-23 JK-i Avogadro's number NA = 6.022 x 1023; mor ' Radius of earth = 6400 Ian

flliOIl""4~:

(i) N~~tl

(it) ~~-l:f3fif~30t:w.i~ 11 ~8if~~~~cnr~,~9~18if~~ G1 a:fEnCfift, ~ 19 it 21 if~~tfR ~CfiT~qm~ 28 ~ 30 if~m-;; ,zyq ,3fcp <liT %-1

"

(iii) ~-~ if wrn"q"{ ~ ~;fflt %- 1 ~, G1 ~ ~ ~ ~if, tfR ~ erwt tF6

~ if ~ ~ ~. ~ rft;fl mif 3l1·fln.Cf ~ m:R.~ TF1T %- I ~ ~"# ~ RitTflf~if~~tF6~m~%- I

(iv) <t(1Cf~e:{ -t~ qi) ~ ~ t I

(v) ~ 31IClNCfl e;T 3Wl f::t14fMf{9('1 ~ f~;qt1i"hl-tl1RT"fiT~Cfl{~~ I c = 3 X 108 ms!

h = 6.626 X 10-34 Js e = 1.602 x 10-19 C

I-lo = 411: X 10-7 T m A-I

_1 _ ;::; 9 X 109 N m.2 C-2

411:E· ... _.

o

~M<:fll" qi) ~ m = 9.1 x 10-31 kg

~ e

~qi)~ mn == 1.675 x 1O-~7kg <SI1R\ljJ:j1"'i f·'{;ql1iCfl k = 1.381 X 10-23 JK-l

...... - - - -- - --

,jOjlqllm::'1 qft"rt&rr N A = 6.022 x 1023 I mol! ~~~=6400km

5511/1

2

1. What is sky wave propagation? cxim rrf'lnrtl\UT CfCIT %" ?

1

2. Write the following radiations in ascending order in respect of their frequencies: 1

Xvrays, microwaves, UV rays and radio waves.

3. Magnetic field lines can be entirely confined within the core of a toroid, but not within a straight solenoid. Why?

1

1ki.Cf1ll1 I$r ~3it <it ~ ~ m if ~: ~ ~ "1T ~ t ~. ~ mm qR"IIR1CflI ~ fi~· ~ ~;;;r ~ I.;:fflt?

M

4. You are given following three lenses. Which two lenses will you use as an eyepiece

and as an Objective to construct an astronomical telescope?

1

..

Lenses Power (P) Aperture (A)
Ll 3D Scm
L2 6D lcm
L3 lOD lcm
, ~ f,-p"""ifMf{9(1 m-.,$~TfT.!t 1 {SIIOMlil ~i;11W>lq q,l~;.f~it~qT ~Fm~ 3WT~"fI2IT ~~~"# cRit?

'ffi1 lR'ffiT (P) ~(A)
Ll 3D 8cm
L2 6D lcm
L3 IOD lcm 55.11/1

3

[P.T.O.

5. If the angle between the pass axis of polarizer and the analyser is 4SO, write the ratio of the intensities of original light and the transmitted light after passing through the analyser.

1

~ ql.<;HI~J1< "fi'2ll fCl1?MtSI€fl ~ ~ .are) ~ ~ 450 CI1T q:;)ur t, 'ill fC!~HtilCflo ~ ~ ~ ~ lFf ~ ~ ~ ~ qft ~'* CfiT 3ffWf ft1furrJ:1

6... The figure shows a plot of three curves a, b, c showing the variation of photocurrent vs collector plate potential for three different intensities II' 12 and 13 having

frequencies vi' 1"2 and 1"3 respectively incident on a photosensitive s-urface.

Point out the two curves for which the incident radiations have same frequency but different intensities.

1

Collector plate potential

..

m -q ~ ~ ~ ~ lR ~ r,ft-;, fcITlR"ill9rm.a# 11, 12 w;rr 13, ~ 011~H=jti! ~: 1"1,1"2 Cfi!U 1] t ~ra:<.f)<OIJ~fR(ntmm-~fc:rqqifqRct~"'1 ~~~~mu.q: ql'{Clct'1

..

em ~ iI1 ft11t ~ TfTpft;r ~ a, b ~ c ~ ~ ~I

"3"'1" q) C@51 em ~ ~ ~ 'ft;:ro: ~ fqfCf)\!un efT 311~f'cllJl ~ ~ ~ P;~~%I

----11

7. What type of wavefront will emerge from a (i) point source, and (ii) distant light source?

1

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8. Two nuclei have mass numbers in the ratio 1 : 2. What is the ratio of their nuclear densities?

1

9. A cell of emf 'E' and internal resistance 'r' is connected across a variable resistor

'R'. Plot a graph showing the variation of terminal potential 'V' with resistance R. 2

Predict from the graph the condition under which 'V' becomes equal to 'E'.

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10. (i) Can two equi-potential surfaces intersect each other? Give reasons.

2

(ii) Two charges - q and +q are located at points A (0, 0, -a) and B (0, 0, +a) respectively. How much work is done in moving a test charge from point P (7,0,0) to Q (-3, 0, 0) ?

"

(i) Cf'.:lT ~ ~ ~ ~ ~"'-fiT QRii@G;""l Cfi1: ~ t ? mur ~ I

'Oi) ~ ~ - q ~ +q ~~.m A (0, 0, -a) (j'2ff B (0, 0, +a) tR~: ~ tl ~ ~ ~ cit ~ P (7,0, 0) ~. ~ Q (-3, 0, 0)·i1cfi T]1=R -m if fcmFrr ~ Zfi"{Oll itTrr ?

11. By what percentage will the transmission range of a TV tower be affected when the height of the tower is increased by 21 % ?

2

~r it:cfl". iteR em ~ if 21 % qft cf.a ~ tR ~ f~ mi=rmr Wiur llftm ~ ~ ~?

12. Derive an expression for drift velocity of free electrons in a conductor in terms of relaxation time.

2

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[P.T.O.

13. How does a charge q oscillating at certain frequency produce electromagnetic waves?

2

Sketch a schematic diagram depicting electric and magnetic fields for an electromagnetic wave propagating along the Z~direction.

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14. A charge 'q' moving along the Xvaxis with a velocity -::; is subjected to a uniform magnetic field B acting along the Z~axis as it crosses the origin O.

2

B . .l3-axis

O';------+y ?

q

I

x

(i) Trace its trajectory.

(ii) Does the charge gain kinetic energy as it enters the magnetic field ? Justify your answer .

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O'~------3>-Y

J! q

x

(i) W·~ em ~~ 'q"2f~ I

(ii) q<::[T "qklCfl"lq ~ -q ~ <fiB lR 3IT<hT ~ ~ ~ ~ CRi1T ~? 31tH"J& <it ~ ~I

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15. The following figure shows the input waveforms (A, B) and the output waveform

(Y) of a gate. Identify the gate, write its truth table and draw its logic symbol. 2

. An I I!

!! . !!

i ! l; r

B
i I
, ~ ~
i ; I
I i
0 1 4 5 6 7 ::flTt~"11tre.qf<Rfr~~~i'ftrT~ CA, B) ~f.:rrffldiTr~ Cy)'~~~ I ~.~ ccl qi'iiIlR~, .~ fI.flIA H 'fI'R'O'ft ~ 'ffm ~ $ ~ ~ I

A I i

B

y

1

2

3

I 5

16. State Biot-Savart law.

A current I flows in a conductor placed perpendicular to the plane of the paper.

2

~ ~

Indicate the direction of the magnetic field due to a small element d 1 at point P

situated at a distance 1 from the element as shown in the figure.

~ I

df b+--------+y P

r

'cwirfi f.:t<lI1 ~ I

~it>'fTM it> flkliCl1_ cl ~~~ m:u~I ~tITm ~I fu3r.q~ ~ ~.~~

~q4C1 d 7 ~ 1 ¢ 1R W«;. fcm:ft ~ P tR ~ cf; CFf{01'~ 'ql<ijCfl"lq ~ cit Km ~ ,. p.q: I

I

dl b~-------+Y r p

551111

7

[P.T.O.

17. Why are high frequency carrier waves used for transmission?

2

OR

What is meant by term 'modulation' ? Draw a block diagram of a simple modulator for obtaining an AM signal.

18. A radioactive nucleus 'A' undergoes a series of decays according to the following scheme:

2

The mass number and atomic number of A are 180 and 72 respectively. What are these numbers for A4 ?

j3 . A _a_.-4 A3 --,-Y~ A4

• 2

19. A thin conducting spherical shell of radius R has charge Q spread uniformly over its surface. Using Gauss's law, derive an expression for an electric field at a point

outside the shell. 3

Draw a graph of electric field E(r) with distance r from the centre of the shell for o s r s 00.

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O:s. r s 00 $" fMQ ~. $ ~ it ~ 'r' am ~ &hi E(r) c)J ~mtfi ~ I

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20. Three identical capacitors C1, C2 and C3 of capacitance 6 ),IF each are connected to a

12 V battery as shown. 3

Cl

I

1 1

1- ~- __ 1_2_V J .. C3

I I-_

C2

Find

(i) charge on each capacitor

(ii) equivalent capacitance of the network (iii) energy stored in the network of capacitors

ffi;J ~ ~ C1, C2 (12ff C3 ~ ~ qit mfurr 6 ),IF t, m.q ~ ~ 12 V ctt fcpffi m- ~ fi ;q1f ,jj('1 t I

1 1~.

1-,...;;.. ... __ IL--_1_2_v _ ___.f,3

C2 f;:ll:'1fMf@d * 1TR:mn ~ ,:

(i) ~'~lR~ (ii) ~~~mfurr

(iii) Wnfuif<t~.q~~

]:1. (a) The energy levels of an atom are as shown below. Which of them will result in ~ the transition of a photon of wavelength 275 nm ?

A B

OeV

__ l __ +- _ __.cr-, __ ...,D~ -2 eV

____ ~ ...;lL-_--I -4.5 eV

3

___________ ..1- -10 eV

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(b) Which transition corresponds to enussion of radiation of maximum wave1ength?

(a) ~ tR11Tlll *" ~ «IT ;:fftl .~ 3fFW ~ I ~ ~ ~ ~ *" Qf{ull101fq{'2\Q 275 run ~ cnr 'fiTiR >Tft{f WIT ?

A B OeV

-~ l __ +- __ c;p-.._-.-ojDiO-- -2 eV

___ .....z.. 1z.....__---1...._ -4.5 eV

---------~------10eV

22. A proton and an alpha particle are accelerated through the same potential. Which c=-= of the two has (i) greater value of de-Broglie wavelength associated with it, a.::c. (ii) less kinetic energy? Justify your answers.

3

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23. In a single slit diffraction experiment, when a tiny circular obstacle is placed in the path of light from a distant source, a bright spot is seen at the centre of the shadow of

the obstacle. Explain why ? 3

State two points of difference between the interference pattern obtained in Young's double slit experiment and the diffraction pattern due to a single slit.

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24. (a) Define self inductance. Write its S.I. units.

(b) Derive an expression for self inductance of a long solenoid of length I, crosssectional area A having N number of turns.

(a) ~Q{<,.fi&4qlT~~ I~SI~~ I

(b) f..:R:ft ~ qR'1!R>1CflI,'~ ~ 1 ~"CfilZ ~ A ~ it;-d cn1 ~ N t ~ fClQ {Cfl&4 ~ ft;w: ~ ~ ~I

3

x

y

25 ..

A

D

c

L....-------1I-----t{ I-------..

The figure shows experimental set up of a meter bridge. When the two unknown resistances X and Yare inserted, the null point D is obtained 40 em from the end A. When a resistance of 10 ,Q is connected in series with X, the null point shifts by 10 em. Find the position of the null point when the 10 ,Q resistance is instead connected in series with resistance 'Y'. Determine the values of the resistances X

and Y.

3

x

Y

A

D

c

--------I t-----t( t-------..

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10 Q "Cflf~filllf"1(1 ~ttt, ffi~~~ lO~~I'1H1Rd N"'1l'"ffi~ 1'3"B"~.q ~ fEr&tcr ~ "ffi(i'~ >3fi'f 10 Q "Cflf ~ X ~ ~ 1R Y *" ~ ~.q filllf"1d 'Cfl"{ m~t" I~X~y:tllR~~ I

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[P.T.O.

26. Derive the expression for force per unit length between two long straight parallel

current carrying conductors. Hence define one ampere. 3

OR

Explain the principle and working of a cyclotron with the help of a schematic diagram. Write the expression for cyclotron frequency,

~ ~ m ~.IiI'f1{ ~ cm.1 ~ $" ~ mff·~ ~ $" Ci1RUT iWf $" ~ ~ ~.~ 1~[RT·t{qi~~~·~ I

~

~ 311W ~ ~ ~ ~ tll~CR11i::l<i em ~ ~ q114fCl~ ~ ~ 1 tll~CR11i::l'1 aTIC[fu if, fRQ: ~ ~ I

27. Three light rays red (R), green (G) and blue (B) are incident on a right angled prism 'abc' at face 'ab'. The refractive indices of the material of the prism for red, green and blue wavelengths are 1.39, 1.44 and 1.47 respectively. Out of the three which colour ray will emerge out of face 'ac' ? Justify your answer. Trace the path of these

rays after passing through facetab'. 3

a

B -_+_---1 G--+----1 R ------jo----1

b

c

~ ~Ii2hIUI ~ 'abc' if, ~ 'ab' trr riR ~ ~ ~ (R), ro (G) om ~ (B) ~ t I ~ if,~ CfiT ~q'?lf1'1jCfl~, ro ctW;ftrit ~ if,fffi2:~: 1.39, 1.44 rrw 1.47 %" l"A ffi;IT -q ~ eiR it ~ qft ~ ~ 'ac' tt f.:rh; mrft I am"3W ~ ~ ~ I ~'ah'tt~·*,·~"A~cf;~·3j.=Ff@d~ I

a

B --:"'--+----1 G---+----1 R---+----1

b

c

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28. (a) Derive an expression for the average power consumed in a series LCR circuit connected to a.c. source in which the phase difference between the voltage and

the current in the circuit is <p. 5

(b) Define the quality factor in an a.c. circuit. Why should the quality factor have high value in receiving circuits? Name the factors on which it depends.

OR

(a) Derive the relationship between the peak. and the nns value of current in an a.c, circuit.

(b) Describe briefly, with the help of a labelled diagram, working of a step-up transformer.

A step-up transformer converts a low voltage into high voltage. Does it not violate the principle of conservation of energy? Explain.

(a) ~ a.c. ~ ~ ~ ~ LCR ~"# ~ ~ R * Wnt ~ ~ ~~~m.lT~*~CflMH1{q,~ I· .

(b) fcFml a.c. ~ ~ 'jURff CfiRCfi em ~ ~ 1 ~ ~"# IjOl\1I''fll{i;fi Cfif ~ l:fR ~ ~ ~ ? &:r ~ *" ~ ~ ~ 11\ ~ f.:r4\"Cfl"{'ffi ~ I

(a) fcFml a.c.~"# '!:lRf~mml:fR(f?ll rms 11R"*~~~~ 1

(b) "iIJiifCfi\1 ~ Cflr '8(:1<"1\11 ~ ~"# fcFml ~ ?Y:fj4>14{ em Cfll~fq~ CfiT crcrR' ~ 1 ~ ~ ?;'""fl4>IJ:l{ f.:l"q ~ q;f sur ~"# ~ql'"l1n:d 'Cfl«IT ~ 1 <.FIT ~ ~ ~ ~"CflTdR1EH~%?~~ 1

29. 0) Draw a circuit diagram to study the input and output characteristics of an n-p-n transistor in its common emitter configuration. Draw the typical input and output characteristics.

5

(ii) Explain, with the help of a circuit diagram; the working of n-p-n transistor as a common emitter amplifier.

OR

55/111

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[P.T.O.

How is a zener diode fabricated so as to make it a special purpose diode? Draw I-V characteristics of zener diode and explain the significance of breakdown voltage.

Explain briefly, with the help of a circuit diagram, how a p-n junction diode works as a half wave rectifier.

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(ii) ~ ~ ctT 8(>1<01('11 ~ ~ dffi;;1Ch ~ ~ ~ if n-p-n g;iF>i'R{ ctT ChI4fa:fil" ~~I

~~~·CfiT tifa:{il"'l ~~~~<$.~~~~~~<i{"1"~ 1 ~ ~CfiTI-V~~('fl1T$R"~CfiT~~~ 1

~ ~ctT fi(>I<OI('11 ~ ~&W if ~ ~ ~ fcn q# p-n w.r ~ fcnfI" ~ ~ fc:6C:Ch 1 tf ctT .q:yfu 'Cfi"Pt ~ t- 1

30. Trace the rays of light showing the formation of an image due to a point object placed on the axis of a spherical surface separating the two media of refractive indices nl and ~. Establish the relation between the distances of the object, the

image and the radius of curvature from the central point of the spherical surface.

Hence derive the expression of the lens maker's formula.

5

OR

Draw the labelled ray diagram for the formation of image by a compound microscope.

Derive the expression for the total magnification of a compound microscope. Explain why both the objective and the eyepiece of a compound microscope must have short focal lengths.

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14

nr W.fr n2 31,Qq;d"liq,1 cfi ~ ~ em ~ ~ cm:t ~ ~ T6 cfi ~ 'R ~ ~ ~ ~ cfi CfiROT ~ ~ ~rnF"'1~ em ~ cfi ~ Wfim ~ ~ ~ I ~ T6 cfi ~ ~ ~ t;jfnP"'1~ ¢ om Cffi)ffi" ~cfi ~ m~ ~I

~WFf{~~W$~c¢;rq;~~ I

~ ~~ am t;jfrlf~~ ~ .~. cfi ~ '1!JOlifCflfl Wfim fcFRur ~ ~ I ~~·cfi¥~$~~~~ I~~~fcn~~ q)f ~W.fr ~ ~ it~ ~ ¢cfi:cp:if ~~. I

55/1/1

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