DISCLOSURE DOCUMENT NO.

III~IIIIIIIIIII~IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

443004

FILING FEE: $10.00 RETAINED FOR 2 YEARS THIS IS NOT A PATENT APPLICATION

Date: 7-10-98

PT()'1652 (4196)

To: Commissioner of Patents & Trademarks

From: David L. Molinari

Dear Commissioner,

The undersigned being the inventor of the disclosed invention, request that the enclosed papers be accepted under the Disclosure Document Program, and that they be preserved for a period of two years. A check in the sum oU15.00 is attached hereto.

My invention is a magnetic propulsion engine.

The attached drawings are rough sketches of a magnetic propulsion engine.

TIlE START OF TIlE IDEA:

If you have ever taken 2 magnets and tried to connect them were the charges are alike you notice that they cannot be connected. The 2 magnets push away from each other.

MY MAGNETIC PROPULSION TIlEOR Y:

Ifmagnets are positioned at an angle along the outer circular stationary wall of a circle it would propel an inner spoke and hub design were at the end of each spoke are spherical magnets with the same electrical charge as the outer magnets. The magnets along the outer stationary wall can be charged with electricity producing an electromagnet to increase out put energy. The amount of input energy is very small as compared to the output energy produced. To slow down the movement of the axis the magnets on the outer wall are rotated to reverse the charge and stop the axis from rotating.

If my theory is correct the engine will generate a very large amount of electrical energy to propel an automobile at high speeds or a much larger model could power a city like manhattan with out the fear of black outs. Magnetic propulsion would be cleaner than fossil fuels and safer than nuclear energy. The amount of energy and heat needed to split an atom or to cause fusion far exceeds the amount of energy it will take for magnetic propulsion; therefore making it more efficient and safer than its counter parts.

I will apply for a utility patent and I will also seek federal aid and assistance in this venture of mine.

I have enclosed a self addressed envelope with a copy of the same material. Please return this information with the appropriate seal.

Thank you very much,

clJ~/_~

David L. Molinari

4 Vincent Place Bridgewater, NJ 08807 Tel: 908-704-0032

MORGAN & FINNEGAN, L.L.P.

A Registered limited Liability Partnership

ISRAEL SLUM CHRISTOPHER K. Hl1 BARTHOLOMEW VEROIRAME DICKERSON M. DOWNING

345 PARK AVENUE

NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10154-0053

MARIA C. H. LIN

lOBERT E. PAULSON JOSEPH A. DeGIROLAMO

nEPHEN R. SMITI-f MICHAEL A. NICODEMA

(212) 756-4800 FACSIMILE:: (212) 751-6849 www.rncr-qenfinneqan.ccrn

MICHAEL P. OOUGHE:RTY

SETH .r. ATLAS

ANDREW M. RIOOLE:5 BR UCE D. DeRE NZI MICHAEL M. MURRAY

:HRISTOPHER A. HUGHES MARK J. ABATE

VILLIAM S. r-eu.ee+ EDWARD A. P£NNINGTON*i JOHN T. GALLAGHE:R

JOSEPH A. CALVARl,JSO STEVEN F. MEYER

JAMES W. GOULO" KENNETH H. SONNENFELD

WASHINGTON O~FICE 1775 EYE: STREET, N.W.

SUITE .::.00 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20006-2 .... 01 TEL.: (202) 857-7887 FACSIMILE: (202) 657-7929

ALFRED L. HAFFNER, .JR.

HAROLD HAIDT

RESIDENT PARTNERS IN WASHINGTON M ICHAt\. S. MARCUS*t

JOH N E. HOEL"

WRITER'S DIRECT DIAL NUMBER:

LEE

JOHN D. MORGAN 1893-19119

THOMAS P. DOWLING

GEORGE B. FINNEGAN, JR. 1930-1996

HOBART N. DUR HAM 1930-1969

GRANVILLE M. PINIi; 1939-1994

June 11, 1999

(212) 415-8715

Mr. David L. Molinari 4 Vincent Place Bridgewater, NJ 08807

THOMAS M. HAMMOND*t SCOTT D. GREENBERG MARK L.EE HOGGE*t

TONY v, Pf;ZZANO

BRUCE O. RADIN

ANDREA L. WAYOA

MARY J. MORRY

ROBERT K. GOETHALS JOHN W. OSBORNE

CINDY M. ZELSON L.AURENCE J. BROM8E:RG WALTER G. HANCHUKt

PETER N. FILL.

KENNETH S. WEITZMAN RICHARD STRAUSS MAN JAMES M. GIBSON DOROTI-lY R. AUTH

KIMBER L. WILSON

CHRISTOPHER J. HORGAN

MEIVII.E CHEN

JOIolN T. MOEHR1NGER DAVID E. BOUNDY

MARK ..J. SCHILDKRAUT CHRISTOPHER J. GASPAR'" ALICIA A. MEROS"

ROBERT C. B£R'rIN* CHRISTINE K. GARCIA CHRIS HOI,.M

SYSIL A. LOMBILI.O'" MATTHEW BLACKBURN'" CHENG MENG HWA BRANOON N. SKLAR RICHARO A. DUNNING, JR.*t

DAVID v, ROSSI CLAUDIO BUTTITTA,

BRETT M. HUTTON

BRENDA POMERANCE

CHRISTOI='HER J. HAMATy*t

KATHRYN E. DIAZ t SCIENTIFIC ADVISORS

GERARD A. HADDAD KATHRYN M. BROWN, PH. O.

RiCHARD w. ERWINE LESLIE A. SERUNIAN, PH. D.

MICHAEL O. CUMMINGS MATTHEW D. SIMON MICHA~L A. SCHWARTz"'t IAN G. DIElEANAROO DOUGLAS R. NEMEC ee;TH A. OLiAK

*NOT AOMITTe;c IN NEW ""O~K

l' ... o,..UTlCC IN WASl-ilHG70N, O.C.

RICHARD w. BORK, PH. O. DARRYL H. S'rEENSMA, PH. c:

J. STEVEN RUTT, I='H. D. HAIYAN CKEN, PH. O. JAMES 1='. DEMERS. PH. D. SUNGHO HONG, P~. O.

Re: Preliminary Patentability Opinion for: MAGNETIC PROPULSION ENGINE Our File No. 2083-4001

Dear Mr. Molinari:

On April 9, 1999, you presented to us at our office several documents which you

prepared on July 10, 1998 (Appendix A) and September 5, 1998 (Appendix B), describing your

invention. You explained the documents to me, further detailing your concepts. During our

meeting, you requested us to initiate a patentability study directed to the magnetic propulsion

engine described by you. You requested that our study be limited to the references you provided

to us, which are identified in attached Appendix C. Our conclusion is that the foregoing

references would not render unpatentable, on grounds of anticipation or obviousness, your

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MORGAN & FINNEGAN, L.L.P.

invention in a magnetic propulsion engine, as having the features of a cup assembly comprising of layers of nickel, iron and aluminum, and pivotable magnets to aid in stopping the rotation of the rotor.

We understand your invention is a magnetic propulsion engine. The magnetic propulsion engine comprises a rotor and a stator. The rotor consists of an inner spoke and hub ,design having spherical magnets disposed at the end of each spoke powered by solar energy cells, or an energy source. The rotor comprises an inner spoke and hub design having spherical magnets, that are electrically charged, disposed at the end of each spoke. Magnets are disposed along the inner periphery of the stator. The stator magnets can be pivoted to bring the magnetic field away from the spherical magnets of the rotor in order to stop rotation of the rotor. The magnets are pivoted by a control circuit.

A second embodiment of the invention includes the spherical magnets of the rotor disposed in a cup assembly, The cup assembly consists of an iron layer, a nickel layer and an aluminum layer. The cup assembly works to reduce the negative charge of the south poles in order to increase the pushing ability of the magnets. The cup assembly aims to reduce the flux lines in order to increase pushing, reduce retraction and produce more output

A third embodiment of the magnetic propulsion engine utilizes solar lasers or light waves positioned at an angle along the outer circular stationary wall to cause rotation of a rotor. Using mirrors and refractive lenses, the light waves strike each magnetic sphere causing rotation of the rotor in a clockwise direction.

As previously noted, our consideration of the prior art has been limited to the references identified in Appendix C. We present below a brief summary of some of the more pertinent

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MORGAN & FINNEGAN, L.L.P.

teachings in these references. Reference numerals and letters from the figures of the patents are .shown in bold and are used to identify the elements described therein.

United States Patent No. 4,100,44] to Landry (the '441 patent) describes a magnetic transmission having an armature mounted to rotate about an axis of rotation. (Appendix D) The armature is composed of a plurality of permanent magnets (31), (32), (33), (34), (36), (37), (38), and (39) magnetically oriented with each adjacent magnet having opposite magnetic polarities. Each ofa plurality of drive rotor permanent magnets (42), (43), (44), (46), (47), (48), (49), (51) and (52) is cylindrical in shape and rotatably mounted at a fixed radial position with respect to the armature axis of rotation and is disposed in magnetic proximity with respect to the permanent magnets (31), (32), (33), (34), (36), (37), (38), and (39) carried by the armature. The rotation of the drive rotor magnets pulls the armature magnets in a direction opposite thereto after an initial magnetically locked condition is overcome by an input drive means. A bracket (100) is connected between the vertical sections (53), (54) adjacent each of the drive rotor magnets having an "L" shaped cross-section. The bracket (100) is either constructed of diamagnetic material or base metal plated or covered with diamagnetic material. The bracket (100) provides maximum aiding force and minimum resistance force between the drive rotor magnets and the permanent magnets carried by the armature. The positioning of the "L" brackets reduces the force required from speed control motor (II) during counter-clockwise rotation of the armature.

United States Patent No.5, 717,316 to Kawai (the '316 patent) describes a motive power generating apparatus using magnetic flux from permanent magnets. (Appendix E) The apparatus is composed ofa stator (12), including twelve stator poles (12) provided along the inner periphery, and a rotor (20). Each of the stator poles (12) has a pole piece (12a) and a winding (14). Each of the rotor poles (22) has a permanent magnet (22a) and a pole piece (22b).

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MORGAN & FINNEGAN, L.L.P.

An extending portion (22b 1) is provided with each of the pole pieces (22b) at one tip end. The extending portion (22b 1) has the functions of converging a magnetic flux in the rotor pole (22) arranged along the outer periphery of the rotor (20) between the permanent magnet (22a) and the stator pole (12) to the extending portion (22bl) to increase magnetic flux density and of producing imbalance in distribution of a magnetic flux between the stator (12) and the rotor pole (22). A magnetic flux between the permanent magnet (22a) and the adjacent stator pole (12), having an opposite polarity to that of the permanent magnet (22a), is converged to the extending portion (22bl) toward the stator pole (12) situated forward in rotational direction of the rotor (20), causing the rotor (20) to start to rotate clockwise. A direction current supplied to each of the windings (14) is alternated to change the magnetic polarity of each of the stator poles (12)

United States Patent No, 4,751,413 to Izawa (the '413 patent) describes a solar energy motor comprising of photo voltaic elements in order to convert light energy into rotational kinetic energy without the need for brushes. (Appendix F) When a light beam is incident through window (7) on the photovoltaic element (La), an electromotive force is generated in this element and the voltage thus generated is applied to the armature coils (3a) and (3d), causing a current to flow therethrough and imparting a torque on the armature coils (3) by attractive and repulsive forces between the magnetic fields generated in these coils (3a) and (3d) and the magnets (8).

The magnitude of the torques can be controlled by varying the intensity of the light beam

incident on the photovoltaic elements (1) through the window (7).

United States Patent No. 182,172 to Crookes (the' 172 patent) describes an apparatus for indicating the intensity of radiation, (Appendix G) This patent describes a method of obtaining mechanical movement by means of light. When radiation from the sun, a candle or diffused daylight, faUs upon a surface which is suspended or balanced in a rarefied space in such a

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MORGAN & FINNEGAN, L.L.P.

manner as to be free to move, the surface is repelled or moves away from the source of radiation. The color and mechanical condition of the surface, the presence of air, gas, or vapor around and in contact with the surface, and the weight of the body are critical factors in the amount of repulsion and consequent extent of motion produced by the light.

United States Patent No. 4,670,622 to Livingston, Jr. (the '622 patent) describes a solar energy conversion apparatus and method comprising a multiplicity of hemispherical photovoltaic cells supported on the sides of a core. (Appendix H) Current produced by photovoltaic cells (40) is used to power rotation of converter (12) in the manner ofa direct current motor. Foils (42, 44) act as leads of opposite polarities to commutators (20).

We conclude that your magnetic propulsion engine is not anticipated or suggested by the considered references because none of these references describe or suggest, inter alia, the pivotable magnet or cup assembly features of your invention.

For example, the '441 patent describes a device using diamagnetic material positioned between the drive rotor magnets and the armature permanent magnets to cancel a portion of the magnetic force causing the initial magnetically locked condition. The '441 patent does not describe a cup assembly consisting of layers of nickel, iron and aluminum that covers the south poles of the magnets aiming to reduce the flux lines in order to increase pushing, reduce retraction and produce more output.

Also, the '316 patent describes a motive power generating apparatus in which rotational direction of the rotor is determined as directed by the extending portion of the rotor pole. The '316 patent does not describe controlling the rotational direction of the rotor by pivoting the magnets of the stator to bring the magnetic field away from the rotor spherical magnets causing rotation of the rotor to stop.

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MORGAN & FINNEGAN, L.L.P.

Regarding your concept of focusing light or a laser beam to cause rotation of the rotor, a number of patents that you provided generall y describe the use of solar energy or radiation to stabilize or facilitate movement of a body in outer space or in a vacuum, but none suggest the kind of rotation of magnets in a stator and rotor assembly on earth as you describe i~ this embodiment. However, the information you have provided us for this embodiment is limited and insufficient to support a patent claim. Further detail and more tangible exposition of this embodiment is necessary.

In this regard, see the' 172 patent, discussed above, which refers to the factors involved in focusing light to cause repulsion and consequent motion. As discussed on the phone with you on June 9, 1999, please research this concept further and provide us with a more detailed description of this embodiment.

As you know, in the examination of your patent application, the examiner will conduct a comprehensive search of both patents and other literature and may find references in addition to those that you have brou~ht to our attention. Our conclusions are thereby limited to the art· that you have provided. We can supervise a further search ofthe art which may be more comprehensive that your own search, but still may not uncover all of the most pertinent art. At this point, we are not in any position to be able to characterize how comprehensive your own search has been.

Based on the information we have considered, we can recommend that a patent application be prepared claiming your invention as discussed above. We would estimate that our fees for preparing an application, based on our hourly billing rate, will be about $5,000. In addition to our service fees, the government filing fee for this application is about $375 and formal patent drawings, which must be prepared, will cost about $150 to $200 per sheet. As you

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MORGAN & FINNEGAN, L.L.P.

know, during the examination of the application, additional costs will be incurred in considering and responding to' actions by the Patent and Trademark Office.

Please do not hesitate to call us with any questions,

Very truly yours,

Enclosures

Cc: Arnold I. Rady

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