]]'Drdkua&pD0g'om vGwfvyfa&;ESifh qDavsmfw,f

/
'D0g'om jidrf;csrf;a&;udk tm;ay;w,f}}
(vGwfvyfa&;zcifBuD; AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;)

vGwfvyfa&;ESifhqDavQmfaom 'Drdkua&pDa&;udk vIyf&Sm;aqmif&Guf&if;
vGwfvyfa&;aysmufqHk;aeaom edkifiHa&;tusOf;om; ESpfaxmifESpf&mausmfvGwfajrmufa&;onf
vGwfvyfa&;udkjrwfedk;onfh jidrf;csrf;a&;udk vdkvm;onfh
edkifiHolEdkifiHom;tm;vHk;\ wm0efjzpfonf/

&ufpGJ/ / 03 - 01 - 2011/

pmtrSwf/ / 1^2011(+11zGJU)

jrefrmEdkifiH tusOf;axmifrsm;xJwGif
EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om; ESpfaxmifESpf&mausmf&Sdaejcif;u
jrefrmjynfoljynfom;rsm;crsm uRefb0rS rvGwfajrmufao;bJ
vGwfvyfa&;qdwfokOf;aeaMumif; rD;armif;xdk;jyvsuf &Sdonf/

EdkifiHa&;vIyf&Sm;olrsm;tm; rw&m;zrf;qD;csKyfaESmifxm;jcif;onf &mZ0wfrIudk usK;vGef&ma&mufonf/
EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm; vGwfajrmufa&;onf trsdK;om;&ifMum;apha&;twGuf yxrajcvSrf;jzpfonf/

ppftmPm&Sifacwftqufquf jynfolwkdYtay:
zdESdyfnSOf;yrf;ESdyfpuf&m tif;pdeftusOf;axmif
pm - 1

tydkif;( 1 )

vGwfvyfa&; r&ao;
1/ trdjrefrmjynfonf e,fcsJUxrf;ydk;atmufrS vGwfajrmufcJhonfrSm 63-ESpf wdkifcJhNyDjzpfaomfvnf; ppfzdeyfatmufrS ,aeYwdkif
rvGwaf jrmufEikd af o;/ Adv
k cf sKyaf tmifqef;ESiw
hf uG acwftqufqufrS awmfveS af &;orm;rsm;ESihf wdik ;f &if;om; jynfov
l x
l Bk u;D w&yfv;kH
toufaoG;acR;paw; b0ESi&hf if;í wdu
k yf 0JG if&,lay;cJMh uaom vGwv
f yfa&;toD;tyGiu
hf kd ppfAv
kd cf sKyw
f pkEiS hf 4if;wdv
Yk ufa0cH acwfysuf
pD;yGm;a&;aomif;usef;olwodkufuom vufeuf? "e tm;udk;jzifh vuf0g;BuD;tkyf armifydkifpD;xm;Muonf/
pifppftm;jzifh Edik if w
H Edik if \
H vGwv
f yfa&;qdo
k nfrmS Edik if o
H El ikd if o
H m;tm;vH;k wef;wlnrD Q cHpm;cGihf &Mu&rnfh tajccHEikd if o
H m;
tcGifhta&;yif jzpfonf/ EdkifiHawmf0efBuD;csKyfOD;Ekuvnf;
]],aeY&&SdwJh vGwfvyfa&;[m vlwef;pm;wckwnf;&JU vGwfvyfa&;r[kwf/ jynfaxmifpkwckvHk;rSm&SdMuwJh v,form;?
tvkyform;? aps;olaps;om;? ausmif;olausmif;om;? trIxrf; t&mxrf;rsm;rSpí awmfvSefa&;orm;rsm;txd
yg0ifaom vlwef;pm;tm;vHk;wdkYu nDnDnmnm pGefhpGefhpm;pm; tHk<uBudK;yrf;cJhMuaomaMumifh &&Sdvmaom vGwfvyfa&;
jzpfwJhtwGuf ,ckvGwfvyfa&;[m v,form;? tvkyform;? aps;olaps;om;? ausmif;ol ausmif;om;? trIxrf;
t&mxrf;rsm;rSpí awmfvSefa&;orm;rsm;txdyg0ifaom vlwef;pm;tm;vHk;&JUvGwfvyfa&; jzpfw,f}}
[k 1948-ckESpf? Zefe0g&Dv 4 &ufaeY vGwfvyfa&; armfuGef;ausmufwdkif tkwfjrpfcstcrf;tem;wGif twdtvif; >rwfqdkcJhonf/
odkYygaomfvnf; wdkif;&if;om;vlrsdK;pHk jynfolvlxkBuD;rSmum; vGwfvyfa&;\t&omudk rcHpm;&½HkrQru ppfuRefb0wGif
vGwfvyfa&;qHk; vljzpf½SHk;NyD; vlvHk;rvSaom bufaygif;pHk0J*,ufxJ avSmf&if; epfaeMu&qJyif jzpfonf/
2/ Adkvfae0if;ppftkyfpkrS 1962-ckESpfwGif ppftmPmodrf;NyD; ygvDref'Drdkua&pDpepfudk zsufodrf;um wygwDtmPm&Sifpepfjzifh wdkif;
jynfudk tkyfpdk;rif;rlcJhaomaMumifh wdkif;jynfrSm urÇmhtqif;&JqHk;pm&if;0iftjzpf a'0gvDcHcJh&onf/ 1988-ckESpfwGif &Spfav;vHk;vlxk
tH<k urIBu;D aMumifh rqvwygwDtmPm&Sipf epf NyKd uscNhJ y;D aemuf vuf&dS e0w? etzppftyk pf u
k aoG;xGuo
f ,
H kd tMurf;zuf tmPmodr;f
rIBuD;jzifh wdkif;jynftmPmudk w&m;rJh? Oya'rJh csKyfudkifvmcJhonfrSm tESpf 20 ausmfvmcJhNyD jzpfonf/ ppftpdk;&tqufquf\
ppfx;D ppfr;D atmufwiG f jynfojl ynfom;wd\
Yk tcsKyt
f csmtmPmrSm aeavmifyef;uJo
h Ykd ndK§ ;ajcmufc&hJ Ny;D vGwv
f yfa&;\ ta&miftaoG;
rSmvnf; arS;rSdefuG,faysmufaeawmhonf/
'gwdaYk jy 'gwdaYk jr[k bd;k bGm;bDbifrsm; a<u;aMumfwu
kd yf 0JG ifcMhJ uaom trdajray:wGif vGwv
f w
G v
f yfvyf c&D;oGm;vmcGirhf &S/d
rvdkvQif rvdkovdk Oya'ESifhrnDaom ajccsKyfuefYowfrIrsm; vkyfonf/ tcaMu;aiGay;í {nfhpm&if;wdkifNyD;rSom ntdyfcGifh&onf/
ajrodrf;,modrf; cHae&onf/ tdrfzsuf&Gmzsuf cHae&onf/
vGwfvyfpGm udk;uG,fcGifhr&/
csif;jynfe,fESifh ucsifjynfe,frsm;wGif c&pf,mefvuf0g;uyfwdkifrsm; zsufqD;cHae&onf/ ,ckavmavmq,fwGif yJcl;ü
a&S;a[mif; rGwq
f vifAvDEiS o
hf csKiø ;f tzsucf aH e&onf/ Ak'b
¨ momoHCmawmfrsm;\ w&m;yGrJ sm;udk wif;Muyfonf? wcsKd Uudk ydwyf ifonf/
tvSL'gersm;vkyf&mwGif ppftkyfpku tvdkrusolrsm;udk uzsuf,zsuf vkyfonf/ [efYwm;onf/
wdkif;&if;om;vlrsdK;pkwpktwGif;rSmudkyif aoG;cGJ&efwdkuf cHaeMu&onf/
ud;k uefu
Y kd ud;k uefjY zifh jyefwu
kd cf ikd ;f onf/ u&iftcsi;f csi;f ppfjzpfaponf/ wdik ;f &if;om;a'orsm;wGif ppfyrJG sm; qifEaJT eovdk
wzufwGif 2010-a&G;aumufyGJ0if wdkif;&if;om;ygwDrsm;udk csOf;uyfodrf;oGif;&ef BuHpnfBudK;yrf;onf/
vGwfvyfpGm xkwfazmfwifjycGifhr&Sd/
pmaypDppfa&;qdkonfh pme,fZif;om;owf½HkwGif owif;rD'D,mrsm;rSm tNrD;jzwf acgif;jzKwf trJzsufcHae&onf/
pm - 2

a':atmifqef;pkMunfowif; azmfjycsufESifhywfoufNyD; rMumao;rDu *sme,f 9 apmif xkwfa0cGifh acwÅ&yfpJcHvdkuf&onf/ wzef
tNidrfhyGJrsm;rurD qifqmtzGJUa&SUü OD;pGm ujytppfaq;cH&rnf[k pnf;urf;csufxkwfum tNidrfhjyufvHk;rsm;udk wif;Muyfonf/
t&G,fra&mufao;aom uav;oli,frsm; ppfwyftwGif;odkY vlukeful;a&mif;pm;cHae&onf/ t"r® vkyftm;ay; cdkif;aprI
rsm;uvnf; a'otoD;oD;wGif yHkpHrsdK;pHkESifh &Sdaeao;onf/
tEkynm&Sifrsm;tm; ay:vpD0g'jzefYaw;rsm;? Zmwfvrf;rsm;wGif tvdkrwlbJ twif;tMuyf yg0ifapjcif;rSmvnf; t"r®
vkyftm;ay;cdkif;aprIwrsdK; jzpfonf/
3/ vGwv
f yfa&;Adou
k mBu;D rsm; &nfarQmcf ahJ om tdyrf ufrsm;ESihf ,aeYjrefrmhb0 taetxm;onf jy'g;wvrf; oHwvrf;jzpfaeonfukd
taxGtxl; oH;k oyfaep&myifrvdb
k J &Su½f UHG 0rf;enf;zG,f awGjY rifae&onf/ vlt
Y cGit
hf a&;? Edik if o
H m;tcGit
hf a&;? uav;oli,ftcGihf
ta&;? trsdK;orD;tcGifhta&;? ausmif;om;tcGifhta&;? tvkyform;v,form;tcGifhta&;? jynfolYtcGifhta&;rSeforQudk tcGifhxl;cH
rsm;u oGefvdkoGef arSmufvdkarSmuf vkyfaeMuonf/
þodYk jynfov
Yl w
G v
f yfa&; aysmufq;kH ae&jcif;rSm jynfot
Yl yk cf sKyaf &;(wenf;) 'Dru
kd a&pDtyk cf sKyaf &; rxGe;f um;aomaMumifo
h m
jzpfonf/
vG w f v yf a &;ES i f h 'D r d k u a&pD t quf t pyf u d k vG w f v yf a &;zcif Ad k v f c sKyf atmif q ef ; u 1945-ck E S p f Mo*k w f v
pwkwÉtBudrfajrmuf EdkifiHacgif;aqmifrsm; tpnf;ta0;wGif ,ckuJhodkY rdefYqdkzl;onf/

]]uRefawmfwdkY wdkif;jynfrSm 'D0g'rsdK;(zufqpf0g') vHk;0r&SdEdkifatmif vkyf&r,f/ tmPm&Sif0g'? vlrsdK;tcsif;csif;
rkef;wD;a&;0g'? ppfuom vTrf;rdk;&r,f qdkwJh ppfzuftmPm&Sifpepf? oufOD;qHydkif&Sifbk&ifpepf0g'? tJ'D0g'rsdK;
ti,fpm;jzpfwJh ya'o&mZfNrdKUpm;&Gmpm;0g'? txufuom cefYxm;NyD; wdkif;oljynfom;qE´t& r[kwfbJ?
wdkif;oljynfom;awGESifh uif;uGmNyD; rif;pdwfaygufwJh t&m&SdawG cs,fvS,fwJh pHepfqdk;wrsdK; &Sdae&if trsm;jynfolwdkY
qE´ESifh vkyfudkif&wJh 'Drdkua&pD0g' acwfrpm;EdkifwJh zufqpf0g' qifwl½dk;rSm;awG ay:vmEdkifw,f/ 'D0g'rsdK;awG
ay:vm&if wdkif;oljynfom;awG[m vGwfvyfa&;qdkwm r&Edkifawmhbl;/ 'ghaMumifh uRefawmfwdkY[m 'Drdkua&pD0g'udkom
acwfpm;atmif vkyf&r,f/ tJ'D0g'rsdK;t&om vGwfvyfwJh ArmEdkifiH xlaxmifEdkifatmif BudK;pm;&r,f/ 'grsdK;
rvkyfEdkif&if uRefawmfwdkY Armjynfu vlawG[mvJ epfemr,f/ 'Drdkua&pD0g'om vGwfvyfa&;ESifh qDavsmfw,f/
'D0g'om Nidrf;csrf;a&;udk tm;ay;w,f/ tJ'gaMumifh 'D0g'udkom uRefawmfwdkY &nf&G,f&r,f/}}
vGwv
f yfa&;ol&aJ umif;rsm; wdu
k ,
f al y;cJo
h nfh vGwv
f yfa&;ESiq
hf aD vsmaf om 'Dru
kd a&pDxeG ;f um;a&;? tmPm&Sipf epf csKyNf ird ;f
a&;wdt
Yk wGuf wdu
k yf 0JG if&if; axmifoiG ;f tusO;f cs tESyd pf ufcaH e&aom Edik if aH &;tusO;f om; ESpaf xmifausmrf mS jrefrmjynfow
l &yfv;kH
uRefb0rS rvGwfajrmufao;bJ vGwfvyfa&;qdwfokOf;aeaMumif;udk tcdkiftrm oufaojyvsuf &Sdonf/

pm - 3

tydkif; ( 2 )

axmiftkwf½dk;twGif;rS i&Jcef;rsm;
1988-ckEpS f pufwifbmv 18-&ufaeYwiG f Adv
k cf sKyaf pmarmifEiS hf Adv
k cf sKyo
f ef;a&TwYkd OD;aqmifaom Edik if aH wmfNird 0f yfyjd ym;rIwnfaqmuf
a&;tzG(YJ e0w)onf &Spaf v;vH;k vlxt
k <kH urIBu;D udk tMurf;zuf ypfcwfNzKd ciG ;f tmPmodr;f vdu
k cf sed rf pS í 'Dru
kd a&pDa&;vIy&f mS ;olrsm;udk
zrf;qD;axmifcsvmcJhonfrSm ,ck EdkifiHawmfat;csrf;om,ma&;ESifh zHGYNzdK;a&;aumifpD(etz)trnfjzifh tkyfpdk;aecsdeftxd EdkifiHa&;
wuf<uvIy&f mS ;olrsm;ESihf wdik ;f &if;om;jynforl sm;tay: Muufuav;iSuu
f av;rsm;yrm w&m;vufvw
G f xifwikd ;f BuJ zrf;qD;ESyd pf uf
aeqJ jzpfonf/

(1) zrf;qD;ac:aqmif&mwGif -------w&m;½Hk;\ zrf;0&rf; rygbJ? oufaocHu'fjym; rjybJ? taMumif;jycsuf rnfrnf&& rajymbJ zrf;qD;jcif;? oufaocHypönf;rsm;
odrf;qnf;&mwGif trIESifh roufqdkifonfrsm;udkyg odrf;usHK;,loGm;jcif;? rdom;pkydkifrsm;udk "g;jywdkufouJhodkY arTaESmufjzefYusJ ysufqD;
,dk,Gif;apjcif;? &SmazGyHkpHjzifh pepfwus rodrf;jcif;? rdom;pka&SUwGif zrf;qD;cH&oltm; qJqdkBudrf;armif;jcif;? ½dkufESufuefaMumuf
xd;k Buw
d jf cif;? trIEiS hf roufqikd af om rdom;pkuykd if rajcriH aigufirf;jcif;? Ncrd ;f ajcmuftMuyfuikd jf cif;? zrf;qD;&rnfo
h u
l kd rzrf;rdvu
kd f
Edik o
f nfh tajctaersKd ;wGif rdom;pk0ifwOD;OD;udk jyefay;qGo
J uJo
h Ykd ac:aqmifcsKyaf ESmifxm;jcif;? vrf;wGif acsmif;zrf;jcif;? aetdrjf yify
wae&m&mwGif zrf;onfhtcg rdom;pkodkY w&m;0if today; taMumif;Mum;rI r&Sdjcif;? Oya't& EdkifiHom;wa,mufudk zrf;qD;ydkifcGifh
r&So
d nfh BuzYH t
YHG zG0YJ ifrsm;ESihf pGr;f tm;&Siv
f &l rf;um;rsm;u 0dik ;f 0ef;xd;k Buw
d f zrf;qD;ac:aqmifjcif;? trIqif vkyBf uzH rf;jcif;? yk'rf trsKd ;rsKd ;
wyfzrf;jcif;? cdk;rIrouFmponfh yk'frrsm;wyfí csKyf&uf&Dref,ljcif; ponfwdkYudk Oya'ESifhtnD r[kwfbJ (odkYr[kwf) Oya'udk
zdESdyfa&;ud&d,mozG,f vdkovdk toHk;csum zrf;qD;ac:aqmifavh &Sdonf/

(2) ppfaMumar;jref;&mwGif ------&ufrsm;pGm qufwu
kd f tpmjzwfa&jzwfxm;jcif;? wOD;wnf;udk vlaygif;rsm;pGmu vSnyhf wfí aeYn w&pyf xyfcgwvJvJ ppfar;jcif;?
xdik &f x&cufaom taetxm;rsm;jzifh 'Pfay;xm;jcif;? xkww
f ef;wGif BuKd ;jzifh aZmufx;kd csnx
f m;jcif;? rsuEf mS udk wcsed v
f ;kH acgif;pGyçf
pGyfxm;jcif;? t0wftpm;rsm;udk cRwfí udk,fvHk;wD;aeapjcif;? vdift*Fgrsm;udk aq;vdyfrD;? usifpufwdkYjzifh wdkYjcif;? ajcaxmufjzifh
yg;½dkufjcif;? rdkufrdkuf½dkif;½dkif; wdkif;xGmqJqdkjcif;? cE¨mudk,ftESHY ae&mra&G;bJ jyif;jyif;xefxef xdk;Budwf ½dkufESuf uefausmufjcif;wdkY
tygt0if &ufpufMurf;MuKyfaom vlrqefaomenf;rsdK;pHkjzifh ½kyfydkif;qdkif&mESifh pdwfydkif;qdkif&m ESdyfpufn§Of;yef;jcif;? vufvGefí
toufxGufoGm;olrsm;udk a&m*gjzifh aoqHk;onf[k vdrfnmzHk;uG,fjcif;? trIESifhroufqdkifaMumif;udk odygvsufESifh twif;t"r®
Ncdrf;ajcmufíaomfvnf;aumif;? tusyfudkifíaomfvnf;aumif; 0efcHxGufqdk vufrSwfa&;xdk;apjcif; ponfjzifh trIrSefay:a&;
qdkonfxuf trIrajrmuf ajrmufatmif? axmifrus usatmif vkyfBuHzefwD;a&;? EdkifiHa&;orm; rkef;wD;a&; tNidK;taw;rsm;jzifh
ppfaMumar;jref;onfrsm;udk oHk;oyfawGY&Sd&onf/

(3) ½Hk;wiftrdefYcs&mwGif --------a&SUaea&SU&yfrsm;jzifh Oya'ESit
hf nD vGwv
f yfpmG trIvu
kd yf g ckcaH csycGihf r&jcif;? rw&m;oufaorsm;udk ac:aqmifum r[kwrf w&m;
pGyfpGJí axmifrus usatmif csjcif;? ppfaMuma&;pcef;wGif rw&m;ojzifh ESdyfpufn§Of;yef; &,lxm;aom xGufcsufrsm;udk tajccHí
pm - 4

trIp&D ifjcif;? vltrsm;a&SUwGif ½d;k om;yGiv
hf if;pGm w&m;rpD&ifbJ tusO;f enf;jzifh pGcJ suw
f if axmifcsjcif;? Edik if aH &;trIEiS hf ywfoufí
owif;rD'D,mrsm;tm; 0ifa&mufMum;emcGifh? a&;om;azmfjycGifh rjyKjcif;? tcsKyf&ufrsm;udk axmifusaeYtjzpf Oya'ESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh
ray;jcif;? yk'frwckwnf;udk trItrsdK;rsdK;cGJwyfNyD; oD;jcm;pD jypf'PfuscHapjcif;jzifh ESpf&Snfaxmif'Pfrsm; usa&mufapjcif; ponfjzifh
w&m;ol B uD ; rsm;rS m w&m;pD & if o l r sm;tvk y f u d k rvk y f M ubJ ppf ^ &J a xmuf v S r f ; a&;rsm;\ rw&m;trd e f Y t mPmrsm;ud k o m
taumiftxnfazmfay;aejcif;wdaYk Mumifh jrefrmEdik if w
H &m;½H;k rsm;ESihf w&m;olBu;D rsm;onf rw&m;½H;k ESihf rw&m;olBu;D rsm;tjzpf trsm;
jynfoltMum; t,HktMunfysufum *kPfoa& uif;rJhaeMuonf/

(4) axmifwGif;aeMu&&mwGif --------w&m;½H;k rsm;rS jypf'PfcsNy;D rMumrD&ufyikd ;f twGi;f jrefrmEdik if H tESt
YH jym;&Sd e,fa0;axmifrsm;odYk vlpck JG ydyYk pfonf/ xdo
k Ykd e,faxmifrsm;
odkY ydkY&mwGif EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm;tm; cdk;qdk;cg;&mZ0wfom;rsm;ozG,f vufxdwfESifh oHacs;wuf npfayaeaom oHajcusif;rsm;
cwfjcif;? axmift0ifwGif OD;csdK;ESdrfonfhtaejzifh rsufESmacgif;pGyfí 0dkif;0ef;½dkufESuf qJqdkBudrf;armif;jcif;? ygvmonfh ypönf;toHk;
taqmifrsm;udk odrf;qnf;jcif;? ajymif;a&TUonfh e,faxmifodkY a&mufaeNyD jzpfaomfvnf; oHajcusif;udk &ufawmfawmfMumMumtxd
jzKwfray;jcif;? pdwf"gwfajcmufjcm;ap&efESifh txD;usefapvdkaom &nf&G,fcsufjzifh EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm;udk oD;jcm;pD cGJxm;jcif;?
wOD;ESiw
hf OD; qufo,
G f pum;ajymqdrk u
I kd wif;MuyfpmG ydwyf ifxm;jcif;? vlq;kd vlru
kd &f mZ0wfom;rsm;tm; vdik ;f aMu;aiG,í
l pnf;urf;xde;f
wef;pD; ponfh tusOf;om;t&m&Sd&mxl;rsm; cefYtyfum EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm;tm; wqifhcH csKyfudkifjcif;? &efwdkufay;jcif;?
n§Of;yef;ESdyfpufapjcif;wdkY jyKvsuf&Sdonf/
use;f rma&;ESiyhf wfoufí tusO;f axmifwikd ;f wGif axmifq&m0ef r&Sjd cif;? axmifq&m0ef &Sad omfvnf; omrefemzsm;rIrv
S í
JG
ta&;Bu;D a&m*grsm;twGuf vHv
k akH vmufavmufEiS hf xda&mufaomukorIrsm; yHrk eS f r&&Sjd cif;? axmiftjyifbuf t&yfbuf aq;½HBk u;D
rsm;odYk vTaJ jymif;ukorI cH,El ikd af &;twGuf txuftrdeYf tqifq
h ifu
h kd &uftueft
Y owfr&Sd ra&r&m apmifq
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pm - 5

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pm - 6

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EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;

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2004

Edk0ifbm^'DZifbm

14318

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2005

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341

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2007

Edk0ifbm

8585

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2008

pufwifbm

9002

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2009

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6313

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2009

pufwifbm

7114

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pm - 7

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pm - 8

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pm - 9

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tdrfaxmifpkpm&if;wdkYESifh uefYowfcsufrxm;bJ ay;awGY&ef/ {nfhawGYcsdefudk 15 rdepfxufydkí vHkvHkavmufavmuf wdk;csJUay;&ef/
13- {nfhawGYrsm;tay: ½dkif;½dkif;pdkif;pdkif; armufarmufrmrm qufqHjcif;? Ncdrf;ajcmuftusyfudkifjcif;rsm; rjyK&ef/
14- rauseyfrIrsm;ESifh vdktyfcsufrsm;udk oufqdkif&mwm0ef&Sdolrsm;odkY pmjzifhaomfvnf;aumif; vludk,fwdkifaomfvnf;aumif;
wdkuf½dkuf wifjywdkifMum;cGifhjyK&ef/ xdkodkY wifjywdkifMum;jcif;udk ta&;w,l ajz&Sif;aqmif&Gufay;&ef/
15- e,fcsJUacwftusOf;axmifvufpGJOya'udk EdkifiHwumvlYtcGifhta&;pHEIef;rsm;tm;tajccHí acwfESifhtnD jyifqifa&;qGJ&ef/
,ckawmif;qdck surf sm;onf tajccHEiS hf vufawGu
Y saom? rQwaom awmif;qdck surf sm;om jzpfygonf/ 'Dru
kd a&pDEikd if aH wmfukd
wnfaqmufaeygonf? w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;udk vdv
k m;ygonf? vlt
Y cGit
hf a&;udk av;pm;ygonf[k wzGzaG jymaejcif;udk tajymr[kwf
tvkyfESifh oufaojy&ef tcsdefa&mufaeNyD jzpfonf/
pm - 10

2/ trsdK;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJYcsKyfodkY tBuHjyKwifjycsuf
(u) trsdK;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJYcsKyf? vlrItaxmuftuljyKtzGJYrS e0w^etzacwfwavsmufvHk; EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;ESifhrdom;pk ulnD
axmufyahH &;vkyif ef;rsm;udk ,aeYwikd f awmufavsmuf xrf;aqmifaeonfukd av;pm;bG,f awG&Y onf/ od&Yk mwGif Edik if aH &;tusO;f om;
ta&twGufESifh EdIif;pmvQif? trSefwu,f vdktyfrIESifh,SOfvQif ulnDaxmufyHhrI twdkif;twmrSm tvGefyif ao;i,fvsuf&Sdonf/
,ckxuf ydkí xdxda&mufa&muf axmufyHhEdkif&ef enf;emrsm; &SmazGoifhonf[k tBuHjyKtyfygonf/
(c) OD;wifO;D ESihf OD;0if;wifwYkd axmifrS jyefvnfvw
G af jrmufvmNy;D aemuf Edik if aH &;tusO;f om;rdom;pkrsm;&S&d m aetdrrf sm;odYk vlu,
kd w
f ikd f
oGm;a&muf tm;ay;pum;ajymjcif;wdkYonf rsm;pGmxda&mufNyD; EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;ESifh rdom;pkudk ESpfaxmif;tm;& jzpfapygonf/
jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;tajctaeudk axmifhwaxmifhrS rD;armif;xdk;jy&mvnf; a&mufygonf/ þvkyfief;pOfudk EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm;
rvGwfajrmufrcsif; qufvufvkyfaqmif&ef vdktyfonf[k ,lqygonf/
(*) jynfe,fwikd ;f toD;oD;&Sd trsKd ;om;'Dru
kd a&pDtzGcYJ sKyf tzG0YJ ifrsm;taejzifv
h nf; rdrw
d aYkd 'o&Sd tusO;f axmifrsm;wGif tusO;f uscaH e&
aom Edik if aH &;tusO;f om;rsm;\ axmif0ifpm? use;f rma&;? axmifwiG ;f n§O;f yef;EdyS pf ufrrI sm;ESihf ywfoufí ulnaD xmufyahH &;? owif;&&Sd
xkwfjyefEdkifa&;wdkYtwGuf tjcm;aom'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pkrsm;ESifh yl;aygif;um jynfolYtm;udk &,lNyD; owfowfrSwfrSwf wm0ef,l
ÉD mtp&Sad om NrKd UBu;D awmfawmfrsm;rsm;wGif þu@ESihf ywfoufí wm0ef,l aqmif&u
G af erIrsm;udk
aqmif&u
G o
f ifyh gonf/ rEÅav;? rdwv
awGY&aomfvnf; txl;ojzifh e,fpGefe,fzsm; ta&muftaygufcufaom axmifrsm;&Sd&ma'orsm;udk tm½Hkydkpdkufum tav;ay;
zGJYpnf;ulnDapcsifygonf/
(C) A[dOk ya'taxmuftuljyKtzGu
YJ kd rMumao;rDu wd;k csUJ zGpYJ nf;vdu
k o
f nfrmS tvGet
f m;wufz,
G f aumif;ygonf/ Edik if aH &;tusO;f
om;rsm;twGuo
f mru jynfov
l x
l w
k &yfv;kH Oya'\tumtuG,u
f kd &&Sad pa&;twGuf BuKd ;pm;Edik rf nf jzpfonf/ &efuek Nf rKd UwGio
f m
wnf&Sdaejcif;rsdK; r[kwfbJ jynfe,fwdkif;toD;oD;wGifyg cdkifrmus,fjyefYaom pepf,EÅ,m;w&yf xlaxmifouf0ifxm;oifhygonf/
3/ EdkifiHwumMuufajceDtzGJY(ICRC)odkY wifjycsuf
(u) jrefrmEdkifiHtESHYtjym;&Sd tusOf;axmiftoD;oD;odkY vGwfvyfpGm oGm;a&mufppfaq;cGifh? tusOf;om;rsm;vufa&muf wdkuf½dkuf
ulnDaxmufyHhcGifhrsm; jyefvnf&&Sda&;twGuf xyfrHBudK;pm;oifhygonf/
(c) tusO;f axmifrsm;odYk 0ifa&mufppfaq;cGihf r&ao;rDpyfMum; tusO;f axmifrsm;twGi;f rormrIrsm;? n§O;f yef;ESyd pf ufrrI sm;? vlt
Y cGihf
ta&; csKd ;azmufrrI sm;? vlom;rqefrrI sm;udk avhvmpHpk rf;Ny;D ? owif;tcsut
f vufrsm; aumuf,pl ak qmif;Ny;D (odrYk [kw)f tusO;f om;
rdom;pkrsm;\ tultnDawmif; today;wdik Mf um;rIrsm;udk Mum;emvufcNH y;D ppftpd;k &tmPmydik rf sm;ESihf n§Ed iId ;f ajz&Si;f um ta&;w,l
Mum;0if aqmif&Gufay;apvdkygonf/
4/ jynfya&muf jrefrmrsm;odkY EdI;aqmfcsuf
(u) EdkifiHwuma&muf jrefrmrsm;\ EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;vGwfajrmufa&; uefydef;vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;rSm tm;&p&m aumif;vSygonf/ EdkifiH
wumtpd;k &rsm;ESihf urÇmjh ynforl sm;ud,
k w
f ikd f ud,
k af &mpdwyf g tm;wufoa&m yg0ifaqmif&u
G v
f matmif ,ckxufyí
kd qef;opfaom?
urÇmudk vIyfEId;Edkifaom enf;emtopfrsm;udkvnf; &SmBuHapcsifygonf/
(c) &efyHkaiGrsm; &SmazGum trsdK;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJYcsKyf vlrItaxmuftuljyKtzGJY(EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om; axmufyHha&;)odkY wdkuf½dkuf
vSL'gef;ay;ydjYk cif;u ydrk x
kd ad &mufvrd rhf nf[k ,lqygonf/ jynfwiG ;f ü Edik if aH &;tusO;f om;rsm;ESihf ywfoufí tcsut
f vufpm&if;Z,m;
ESihf pDrcH efcY rJG t
I ydik ;f wGif NLD onf trsm;,HMk unftm;xm;edik o
f nfh xifomjrifomtzGt
YJ pnf;wck jzpfygonf/ tjcm;aom ulnaD xmufyhH
a&; woD;yk*¾vrsm;? tpktzGJYrsm;vnf; &SdaeEdkifygao;onf/
5/ rdrdwdkYtaejzifh ----------(u) EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm; vGwfajrmufa&;twGuf tajccHusonfh EdkifiHa&;tajctaersm; jzpfay:wdk;wuf ajymif;vJap&ef vlxk
tajcjyK? a':atmifqef;pkMunfA[dkjyK EdkifiHa&;vIyf&Sm;rIrsm; azmfaqmif BudK;yrf;oGm;rnf/
(c) tcgtm;avsmfpGm EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm; vGwfajrmufa&; uefydef;vIyf&Sm;rIrsm; jyKvkyfoGm;rnf/
(*) tusO;f axmifwiG ;f rormrIrsm;? n§O;f yef;ESyd pf ufrrI sm;? vlt
Y cGit
hf a&;csKd ;azmufrrI sm;ESihf vlom;rqefrrI sm;udk apmifMh unfah vhvmNy;D ?
owif;tcsuftvufrsm; aumuf,lpkaqmif;um owif;rD'D,mrsm;rSwqifh urÇmod azmfxkwfoGm;rnf/ EdkifiHwum vlYtcGifhta&;
tzGJYtpnf;rsm;odkY tpD&ifcHpmrsm; wifoGif;oGm;rnf/
(C) Edik if aH &;tusO;f om;rsm;ESirhf o
d m;pkrsm;\ taxGaxGvt
kd yfcsurf sm;udk jznfq
h nf;ay;Edik &f ef wwfprG ;f orQ BuKd ;pm;oGm;rnf/ xdt
Yk wGuf
'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pkrsm;tm;vHk;ESifh csdwfqufwdkifyif yl;aygif;aqmif&GufoGm;rnf/
pm - 11

tydkif; ( 4 )

EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;ESifh trsdK;om;&ifMum;apha&;
jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;jzpfpOfrsm;onf jynfwGif;ppfrD;? vlxktHk<urI? tmPmodrf;rI? aoG;xGufoH,dk? tusOf;axmif? qif;&JrGJawrI?
a&m*gb, xlajymrI? rl;,pfaq;0g;? xGuaf jy;'kuo
© nf? w&m;rJh Oya'rJh ponfh 0J*,ufrsm;xJrS ½ke;f rxGuEf ikd af o;onfrmS e,fcsUJ xHrS
vGwv
f yfa&; &Ny;D csed rf pS í ,aeYtcsed t
f xd jzpfonf/ taMumif;&if;cHjzpfaom zdEydS cf sKycf s,rf I (wenf;) 'Dru
kd a&pDqw
d o
f Ok ;f rIwaYkd Mumifh
trsdK;om; nDñGwfa&; NydKuGJNyD; y#dyu©rsm;Mum;wGif wdkif;jynfzGHYNzdK;a&; edrfhusae&onfqdkonfhtcsufudk rnfolrQ jiif;Edkifvdrfhrnf
r[kwyf g/ wnfNird af t;csr;f rI? zGNYH zKd ;wd;k wufru
I kd vlowfvufeufrsm;? vufxw
d af jcusi;f rsm;? rkom0g'rsm;? trke;f rsm;? taMumufw&m;
rsm;jzifh wnfaqmufí r&EdkifaMumif;udk e0w^etztkyfpdk;rI tESpf 20 ausmfu aumif;pGm oufaojyaeygonf/
Edik if aH &;wuf<u vIy&f mS ;olrsm;omru tvkyo
f rm; v,form; &[ef;oHCmawmfrsm;ygrusef zdEydS rf rI sm; 'vMurf; jyif;xef
aeonfhMum;u aemufqkwfroGm;bJ tusOf;axmifrsm;udk acgif;ESifh0ifwdkufaeMujcif;u vGwfvyfa&;? 'Drdkua&pDa&;? Nidrf;csrf;a&;?
w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;? wef;wlnDrQa&;wdkYtwGuf yef;wdkifra&mufrcsif; OD;aqG;qHjrnfh rqkwfrepf ½kef;uefBudK;pm;oGm;Murnfqdkonfh
taetxm;w&yfudk jywfjywfxifxif azmfaqmifaeygonf/
21-&mpk urÇmt
h cif;tusi;f opfwiG f jrefrmEdik if o
H nf zdEydS t
f <kH urI oHo&mtusO;f axmifxJ &Srd aeoifah wmhyg/ rnfou
l rQvnf;
xdktajctaeqdk;rsdK;udk vdkvm;rnf r[kwfyg/
onfhtwGuf tm;vHk;rSDwif;aexdkifaomEdkifiHwGif? tm;vHk;ESifh oufqdkifaeaom EdkifiHa&;jyóemrsm;udk? tm;vHk; vufwGJ
ajz&Si;f rSom? t&mtm;vH;k ajyvnfapvdrrhf nfqo
kd nfrmS oHo,jzpfp&m r&Syd g/ ,aeY jrefrmhEikd if aH &; tcif;tusi;f wGif Adv
k cf sKyrf LS ;Bu;D
oef;a&TEiS hf vlxak cgif;aqmif a':atmifqef;pkMunftygt0if wdik ;f &if;om;acgif;aqmifrsm; awGq
Y akH qG;aEG;tajz&Sma&;onf temw&
jzpfrI tenf;qH;k ESihf tjcm;r&Sd wckwnf;aom vufawGyY uwd Edik if aH &;enf;vrf;om jzpfonf/ awGq
Y akH &;pm;yG0J ikd ;f (wenf;) trsKd ;om;
&ifMum;apha&;udk jiif;a&SmifaeorQ umvywfv;kH vufawGY Edik if aH &;ESihf uif;uGmonfxuf uif;uGmum waeYwjcm; xlajymvmaom
jyóemrsm;u wcsdefcsdefwGif wdkif;jynfudk tvHk;pHk ysufqD;udef;odkY qdkufa&mufoGm;apEdkifygonf/
pm;yGJ0dkif;rS pum;vHk;rsm;onf ppfajrjyifrS usnfqHrsm;xuf jynfoljynfom;rsm;\b0udkomru ppfAdkvfppfom;rsm;\
b0vHkNcHKrIudkyg aumif;pGm tmrcHcsufay;Edkifygonf/
EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;tm;vHk;tm; >cif;csufr&Sd tjrefqHk; vTwfay;jcif;onf trsdK;om;&ifMum;apha&;twGuf yxrajcvSrf;
jzpfovdk ydwfqdkY'Pfcwfxm;rIrsm;udk pwif½kyfodrf;oGm;apEdkifonfh taocsmqHk; tcsufvnf; jzpfygonf/
xdkodkYr[kwfbJ EdkifiHa&; tusOf;om;rsm;udk ,ckuJhodkY qufvuf zrf;qD;ESdyfpufaejcif;onf trsdK;om;nDnGwfa&;udk
NydKuGJap½HkrQru rw&m;zrf;qD;jcif;? n§Of;yef; ESdyfpufjcif;? tmPmtvGJoHk;pm;vkyfjcif; ponfh &mZ0wfjypfrIrsm;udk rqifrjcif
usL;vGefae&ma&mufaMumif; qifjcifoHk;oyf awGY&Sd&ygonf/

2200 - ausmfudk tck vTwf µµµµ

pm - 12

(toQifMobmo)
(toQif"r®oD&d)
jrefrmEkdifiHvkH;qkdif&moHCmhwyfaygif;pktzGJUBuD;

(xGef;jrifhatmif)
(atmifausmfqifh)
88 rsdK;qufausmif;om;rsm;

(ckdifZmenf)
(ckdifeDvif;)
&ckdifausmif;om;rsm;or*¾

(&efEkdif)
(atmifaZmfrkd;)
&efukefwkdif;twGif; 'Drkdua&pDa&;wufMuGvIyf&Sm;ol
ausmif;om;vli,frsm; tiftm;pk

(rif;rif;OD;)
(Ekdifvif;)
tajccHynmausmif;om;rsm;or*¾

(jrwfrif;)
(&efEkdif)
ArmEkdifiHvkH;qkdif&mvli,frsm;or*¾

(Zmenf)
(aemftufpfwm)
ArmEkdifiHvkH;qkdif&mausmif;om;or*¾rsm;tzGJUcsKyf

(yHokpH)
(xufxufpH)
&u©tvif;wef;

(rif;aoG;opf)
(atmifwHcGef)
2007 rsdK;qufausmif;om;rsm;or*¾

(rif;pkd;Ekdif)
(ol&def)
ajrvwfausmif;om;rsm;tzGJU

(rif;odrf;)

(xdefvif;)

Saffron Generation

ta0;ta0;qHk; ylwmtdk? cEÅD;/

ta0;qHk; jrpfBuD;em;? uom? Aef;armf?
uav;? aumhaomif;/

ta0;BuD; ppfawG? bl;oD;awmif?
anmifOD;? yckuúL?
jrif;NcH? rHk&Gm? rEÅav;?
a&Tbdk? rdk;ukwf? oDayg?
vm;½Id;? usdKif;wHk?
wmcsDvdwf? Nrdwf/
reD;ra0; oHwGJ? ausmufjzL?
jynf? o&uf? rauG;?
rdwDÉvm? awmifBuD;?
rdkif;qwf? vGdKifaumf?
xm;0,f? ykodrf?
ajrmif;jr/