RAO & NAIDU ENGINEERING COLLEGE, Ongole

BY, T. Siva Bharathi & Y. Amulya III YEAR ECE

 Introduction What is Nanotechnology? Concepts of Nanotechnology Nano mechanical Super-Fast Chips Latest Developments Conclusion

the latest developments taken place in the world are exemplified  .Nanotechnology. tiny and easily operatable components. Finally. the short gun marriage of chemistry and engineering in molecular manufacturing or more simply. faster and lower power consumed computer chips is illustrated This presentation also emphasized on the prominent role played by this elegant technology in making several comfortable. building things one atom or molecule at a time with programmed nanoscopic robot arms The importance of nanotube transistors in making new class of smaller.

Imagine a technology so powerful that it will allow such feats as desktop manufacturing. a technology so fundamental that it will radically change the economic and political systems. a technology so imminent that most of people will see its impact within the lifetimes. a technology so portable that every one can reap its benefits. . artificial intelligence. Such is the promise of nanotechnology. inexpensive space travel. cellular repair. clean and abundant energy and environmental restoration.

opening up new realms. more simply building things one atom or molecule at a time with programmed nanoscopic robot arms. A nanometer is one billionth of a meter (3 to 4 atoms wide). the benefit of working on nano-scale is production of smaller things Nanotechnology is molecular manufacturing or. In the electronic domain.Properties of traditional materials change and the behaviour of surfaces starts to dominate the behaviour of bulk materials. .

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However. this seems difficult without using some form of positional assembly (to get the right molecular parts in the right places) and some form of self-replication (to keep the costs down).Concepts Of Nanotechnology:- There are two concepts commonly associated with nanotechnology: Positional Assembly Self-Replication Clearly. we would be happy with any method that simultaneously achieved the following three objectives. . Get essentially every atom in the right place. 3. 1. Make almost any structure consistent with the laws of physics and chemistry that we can specify in atomic detail. 2. Have manufacturing costs not greatly exceeding the cost of the required raw materials and energy.

Tools Of Nanotechnology : Researches at Cornell University created the world¶s smallest guitar carved out of crystalline silicon and world¶s smallest car using an atomic force microscope (AFM). .

carbon nanotube was discovered from the cathode product in carbon-arc discharge method similar to that used for fullerenes preparation.CARBON NANOTUBES (Key Role In Nano Technology): In 1991. This discovery opened a new chapter both in nanotechnology and in carbon chemistry. .

Based on their unique properties. characterization. A lot of research has been carried out on synthesis. The structure of nano tubes can be seen as shown . property measurement and applications of carbon nanotubes and will be continued. carbon nanotubes are expected to have variety of applications.

This video camera uses a miniature CMOS video imaging chip and white LED as a light source.Real-world Nano Exists Given Imaging. an Israel company. has developed a pill-size video camera that can travel through the digestive track and transmit pictures along the way. providing a less invasive technique to examine the small intestines. .

Combinational logic systems can achieve for register to register transfers in 1.2ns. This would allow 1012 CPU scale systems with million transistors each to operate with in that volume. .1ns. A forced convection system with fractal plumbing could effectively remove about 100KW from a 1cm cube at 273K.Nanomechanical Computational Systems Switching times are on the order of 0. Nanomechanical reduced instruction set computer(RISC) machines can achieve clock speeds of 1GHz. executing instructions at 1000MIPS(million of instructions per second).

Since DNA and proteins carry electrical charges. these could switch the transistors on. setting off an alert. such nanowire transistors could be used as biological sensors by attaching them to specific molecules.Super-fast Chips: Harvard university engineers have developed faster and smaller chips using tiny crystal rods of silicon and other semiconductors. Dr Lieber reveals that in a year or two. A piece of anthrax can be bound to the nanowires. . Practical computer chips using nanowires are likely to be developed in the near future.

A Break Through In All Fields: Nanotechnology has been successful in almost all the fields irrespective of its kind and with the help of this technology it is possible to perform any type of operations starting from manipulating the molecules for separating impurities to the stage where it is the easy method for the production of power.Nanotechnology. .

Below figures shows the possibility for the production of compact power generation using nanotubes which are very productive even from the commercial side ..

Latest Developments International Electron Devices meeting Japan s NTT Do Como Lucent Technologies Quantum Logic diagnose diseases .

we should be able to flood our brains with .When Will Nanotechnology Arrive? Arrive is broadly defined as the arrival of the first universal assembler that has the ability to build with single atoms anything one s software defines To Hit The Road Ahead: Progress in the 21st century will be 1000 times greater than in the 20th century in terms of technical change. Around 2030.

For these and other reasons. health and education. This is the promise of Nanotechnology. global lifestyles will change radically and human behaviour will be drastically impacted. without pollution. No longer need will forest to be cut or smoke spewed into the air. to every person on the planet is just around the corner. . The world is on the brink of a new technological revolution beyond any human experience. more powerful industrial revolution capable of bringing wealth. A new.

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