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4º opción B Examen tema 1: El número real 14-10-2010

Nombre:_________________________________________________________
1º.- Rellena el siguiente cuadro indicando si es VERDADERO (V) o FALSO (F)

(1,5 puntos)

2 2 3
8 =2 4 3 3
− 8 =-2
− =-2
3 2 5

Naturales NO NO SI NO NO NO

Enteros NO NO SI SI NO SI

Racionales NO SI SI SI NO SI

Reales SI SI SI SI SI SI

2º.- Opera y simplifica: (1,5 puntos)

6  2 1 8  3
a) ⋅ −  + ⋅ 2 +  =
18  20 5  6  5
1 1 1  4 10 + 3 1 1 − 2 4 13 −1 52 −1 +104 103
⋅ − + ⋅ = ⋅ + ⋅ = + = =
3 10 5  3 5 3 10 3 5 30 15 30 30

12  4  3 1  3  4 6 − 5  3 40 3 ⋅ 5 ⋅ 8 8
b) ⋅ ÷  −  = ⋅ ÷ = ⋅ = =
20  9  5 2  5  9 10  5 9 5⋅3⋅3 3

3º.- Representa en la recta real de forma exacta y aproximada 10 =3,16227 ...

(1,5 puntos)

a) Forma exacta: b) Forma aproximada: 10 =3,16227 ..


10 = 3 +1 2 2

4º.- Completa el siguiente cuadro: (1,5 puntos)


4º opción B Examen tema 1: El número real 14-10-2010

Representación en la recta Notación En forma de


matemática intervalo

Números 5 ≤ x ó x ≥5 (5 , ∞)
mayores o
iguales que -5

Mayores que − 2 < x < −1 ( −2 , −1)


-2 y menores
que -1

Menores o x ≤ −1 ( −∞ , −1)
iguales que -1

5º.- Extrae factores de los siguientes radicales: (1 punto)

a) 4
2 9 ⋅3 5 ⋅ a 7 = 4 2 4 ⋅ 2 4 ⋅ 2 ⋅ 3 4 ⋅ 3 ⋅ a 4 ⋅ a 3 = 2 ⋅ 2 ⋅ 3 ⋅ a 4
2 ⋅ 3 ⋅ a 3 = 12 a 4
6a 3

32 ⋅ x 6 25 ⋅ x 5 ⋅ x x 25 ⋅ x x x
b) 5 = 5 = 5 = 5
y ⋅ 256
8
y ⋅ y ⋅2
5 3 8
y y ⋅2 ⋅2
3 5 3
y y ⋅ 23
3

6º.- Introduce factores dentro de los radicales: (1 punto)

a) 4 ⋅a 3
4 ⋅ a 2 = 3 43 ⋅ a 3 ⋅ 4 ⋅ a 2 = 3 4 4 ⋅ a 5

10 x 3 x 2 . y 103 ⋅ x 3 ⋅ x 2 ⋅ y 1000 ⋅ x 5 ⋅ y
b) ⋅ = 3 = 3
z z3 z3 ⋅ z3 z6

7º.- Realiza las siguientes operaciones con radicales: (2 puntos)

a) 3 ⋅3 6 ⋅ 4 2 = 12 36 ⋅ 6 4 ⋅ 2 3 = 12 3 6 ⋅ 3 4 ⋅ 2 4 ⋅ 2 3 = 12 310 ⋅ 2 7

b) 3 2 −5 8 + 7 50 − 4 18 = 3 2 − 5 2 3 + 7 2 ⋅ 5 2 − 4 2 ⋅ 3 2 =
3 2 − 5 ⋅ 2 2 + 7 ⋅ 5 2 − 4 ⋅ 3 2 = 3 2 −10 2 + 35 2 −12 2 = 16 2

c) (2 5 − 3 2 ) + (2 5 + 3 2 ) =
2 2

(2 5 ) + (3 2 ) − 2 ⋅ 2 5 ⋅ 3 2 + (2 5 ) + (3 2 )
2 2 2 2
+ 2 ⋅ 2 5 ⋅3 2 = 4 ⋅ 5 + 9 ⋅ 2 + 4 ⋅ 5 + 9 ⋅ 2 =
20 + 18 + 20 + 18 = 40 + 36 = 76