Copyright© 1980, 1983, 1990, 1998
Third Edition by Elizabeth Claire All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any m e a n s , electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without advance written permission from the publisher.

ISBN 1-887744-08-8
DELTA PUBLISHING COMPANY

1400 Miller Parkway McHenry, IL 60050-7030 Printed in the U.S.A.

Acknowledgments
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This exciting new edition would not have been possible without the contributions of many people. I'd like to especially thank the world's foremost authority on dangerous words in any language, Dr. Reinhold Aman, editor of Maledicta, The International Journal of Verbal Aggression. The scholarship and research in his journal, plus the lengthy interviews he granted me, provided a foundation for a sizable portion of this book. Thank you, Rey, for your generous and knowledgeable assistance. Thanks to Dick Patchin of Delta Systems for his courageous promotion and marketing of this text, making it available at a modest cost to the many new speakers of English who need it. Special thanks to Jeff Weingarten, Ren6, Jon Sicherman, Steve Jorgensen, James Manzella, and many anonymous others for knowing words I don't know, picking through the words, and checking local usages and meanings. Thanks to George A. Rowland for his eagle eye and careful scholarship in editing, as well as for his clever wit, which provided the only exercise I got while doing this revision: belly laughs. To Joe Frazier go thanks for his exciting rendition of our cover design; to Dave Nicholson for the playful art to complement eluki bes shahar's classic drawings for the original Dangerous English! Thanks to Brenda Cianci for her integrity and sunshine in the office each day and to Kimberly Vuz for a careful reading of the manuscript, picking up the last unclosed parentheses and undotted i's. Thanks to Stephanie Stauffer for transcribing the phonetic pronunciations. To Geoff Hill for technological support and computer expertise. To Jeannie Patchin for her expert eyes in the final edit. My great appreciation goes to Linda Bruell for design and execution of pages, pictures, and IPA transcriptions and miraculous patience with the nitpicking details of getting the work ready for printing.
An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000

IV

including vocabulary for sexually transmitted diseases. •The pronunciation key is now more useful-international phonetic alphabet. and expanded. simpler grammar. Additional topics are covered: •The cultural origins of American taboos •Sexual harassment •Changes in English reflecting changes in society •The new taboos: politically incorrect terms •Euphemisms for unpleasant facts of life •True stories of Dangerous English An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 . With this in mind. •There are more illustrations to help clarify meanings. plus discussion questions. we feel that the climate is no longer too dangerous to openly discuss these language features in the classroom. out-of-use words have been deleted. This latest edition has been entirely revised. Other new features: •All definitions and sample sentences have been brought up to date. •There is f additional attention to formal terms. •New dangerous words have been added.About Dangerous English 2 0 0 0 ! Dangerous English 2000! is the third edition of the now-classic Dangerous English! An Indispensable Guide for Language Learners and Others. •The reading level has been lowered-shorter sentences. •The current movie and TV rating systems are explained. While there are many new dangers in the English language. There is an expanded teachers' section at the end of the book. updated. each chapter contains suggestions for increased linguistic awareness.

When. but to generate cooperation. and Polish. She received her Master's Degree in TESOL from New York University. we said: "Believe it or not. we'll never know. and wrote the original edition of Dangerous English! because she was too embarrassed to explain terms she knew her students wanted and needed. Japanese. Elizabeth has taught English as a Second Language for twenty-four years to students of all ages. Dangerous English! has been translated into Chinese. she borrowed money from her even milder-mannered mother to produce and market the work that has since become a "classic in the field. insult. and aliveness. She stands for creating a peaceful planet on which language is used. or start wars. not to put down. Among Elizabeth Claire's other works are: Three Little Words: A.About the Author In our 1990 edition. fun. no publishing company was willing to take the risk of publishing this guide. Elizabeth Claire is a mild-mannered grandmother residing in Saddle Brook." All of that is still true (now thirty years' experience) except for the mild-mannered part. (She might have lost anyway.) She is the founder and editor of Easy English NEWS as well as the author of twenty other texts and resources for people learning English. When Elizabeth ran for public office in her town. New Jersey. rumors about her authorship of Dangerous English! got translated into the opposition's contention that she wrote pornographic novels. in 1980. and The (An Indispensable Guide to English Articles) What's So Funny? (An Introduction to American Humor) The ESL Teacher's Activities Kit The ESL Teacher's Holiday Activities Kit The ESL Wonder Workbooks: # 1 All About Me and # 2 All Around Me JUSTA-MINUTE! An Oral Language-Learning Game Classroom Teacher's ESL Survival Kit # 1 (with Judie Haynes) Classroom Teacher's ESL Survival Kit #2 (with Judie Haynes) The Where Is Taro? ESL Program: "A novel approach" An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 V . among many other things. An.

but We Can't Talk about It Common Words with Dangerous Double Meanings How Safe Is Your English? Test Yourself More Dangerous Doubles Religious Taboos Safe Words for Dangerous Clothing: Our Underwear Dangerous English Goes to the Movies Your Body Talks.Contents Pronunciation Key About Dangerous English 2000! Acknowledgments About the Author To the Reader inside front cover iii iv v viii What Makes Some Words Dangerous? Is Your Pronunciation Dangerous? The Social Classes of English Words We All Do It. Is It Speaking Dangerously? Sexual Harassment: What's That? Who Are All These People? The New Taboo: Politically Incorrect Words True Stories of Dangerous English 1 7 14 19 23 25 28 31 34 35 38 48 50 70 77 An Indispenstble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 VI .

Dangerous Synonyms and Related Words The Human Body Male Female In the Bathroom In the Bedroom On the Street Dangerous People: Perverts and Perversions Dangerous English Goes to the Doctor Females Males Males and Females Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD's) Dangerous Definitions and Sample Sentences To the Teacher (appendix) Bibliography • 81 83 84 86 90 95 97 98 102 104 106 108 196 201 An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 VII .

That means that educated people do not talk about these taboo topics and do not use these taboos in polite company. Are you a new speaker of English? Do you worry about being embarrassed for saying the wrong thing at the wrong time? Are you curious about the way Americans speak outside of the office or the classroom? Dangerous English 2000! was written to help you! An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 VIII .To the Reader In every culture there are topics and words that are dangerous.

politics. religious leaders. What topics are taboo for Americans? Among the topics that Americans don't talk about in formal situations (except at the doctor's office) are: •sexual parts of our bodies •sexual activities •bathroom functions •excrement •disgusting things such as vomit and nose picking •upsetting things such as cancer. But there still are places where the words are generally not welcome: in school and houses of worship.What Makes Some Words Dangerous? Words are just combinations of sounds. and racial issues because these may lead to arguments over differences of opinion. teachers. in formal meetings and parties of mixed ages and genders. among women. In the past thirty years. Taboo words are now often accepted where they were never heard before-in many social groups. and in the presence of older people or children. The taboo is usually passed down from generation to generation. But parents. death. This censorship makes these words emotionally charged. and in the media. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 . there have been many social changes in the United States. and sacred books teach us not to say some of those combinations. too. Sometimes these new words become taboo. New words are invented to take the place of the forbidden ones. in many offices. and dying Americans also advise each other to avoid discussing religion.

Separatists. blasphemies. sexual acts.What words are taboo? Dr. Why are these topics and words taboo in the U. a group of people declared that a word or a topic was taboo. If the group was influential. go to Hell. Examples: cock. Some words for racial or national groups are among the most dangerous words in the language: kike. These Puritans. At some point in history. Sex for other reasons was a sin (a crime against God). Americans are the most puritanical people in the world when it comes to talking about naked bodies.? Taboos have beginnings (and in some cases. The churches taught that anything that reminded people of sex should be covered. These topics make most of them uncomfortable. almost four hundred years later. and other fundamental Christians had very strict ideas about sex: Sex was for creating children. Immigrants from England came here in order to have freedom to practice their own form of religion. shit. but not for other reasons. In general. nigger. Obscenities are vulgar words for sexual body parts.S. Today. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 2 . sex. Americans are still influenced by this early history. and were not taboo. and excrement. The words that people used for physical acts became taboo. both from their eyes and from their ears. and slurs. wop. the taboo was circulated and passed on to the rest of the society. endings). English-speaking society in America began in the early 1600's. Blasphemy is language that religious teachings say are taboo: God damn it. these words were used freely. fuck. and bathroom activities. Jesus Christ! These words may be used in a religious context. A few hundred years ago. Reinhold Aman. Slurs are insulting words about someone's nationality or race. an expert on "maledicta" (bad words). explains three kinds of taboo words: obscenities.

A hundred years after the war black people were just beginning to gain full civil rights. Part of it is based on Jewish Scriptures. People who are different from the people in power often have fewer legal rights and fewer social opportunities. Relations between the white and black. many white landowners (especially in the southern states) kept Africans as slaves. it is perhaps the most taboo word in American English. The slaves were freed following a bloody civil war between the North and the South. including the right to vote in all states. The word nigger recalls great cruelty and oppression. The terms are taboo among thoughtful people who don't want to h u r t others. fat. Native Americans (Indians) lost many battles with Americans and with the U.S. government. and poor people. however. In addition to people of other races. Many of the names that people call people of another group are derogatory and offensive. People from many ethnic groups have immigrated to the United States. It is a sin to blaspheme—to insult God. disabled people. Their populations died from disease and hunger as well as in battle. races have improved. During the same time. children. Groups could not understand each other because of different languages. and dislike. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 3 . people with different physical features. America has had a long history of cruel race relations. Many of the names that people in one group called other groups were derogatory. Many of the names for them are derogatory. there are still many areas of pain. homosexuals. this includes: women. It teaches that God forbids people to say His name "in vain" or for a worthless reason. Among white people. the elderly. From 1619 to 1863.The Bible is the Christian holy book. short. and the white and red. distrust.

People spend a good amount of time thinking about and talking about taboo things. It is not the meaning of the word that makes it dangerous. Lovers use taboo sex terms to stimulate passion. and ass all mean the same part of the body. writing. used in formal situations. it acquires a special and mysterious power. "offcolor" words) are substituted for the taboo words. everyday situations (school. You might ask. and comedians use all sorts of taboo words to make people laugh. and business. How ean I recognize that a word is dangerous or taboo? You can't. what made "ass" a bad word. Male groups use taboo social words to create bonds of friendship. In many cases. Buttocks. used in informal situations. or knee. Shouting a taboo word or two helps people to express pain and release anger. business or family life). used in general conversation. if it is all right to say "buttocks" or "behind?" An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 4 . Why are there so many words for sex and other taboo tobies? Whatever is taboo is interesting. But there are hundreds of words for each of our sexual body parts. That's why you need this book." and to rebel against parents and school rules. behind. but avoided in school. Teenagers use taboo words to sound "cool.What is the power of taboo words? When a word may not be said in most ordinary. and ass is a "dirty" word. unless someone tells you. There is only one English common word for shoulder. Buttocks is a "clean" word. euphemisms (polite words) and slang terms (clever. behind is a "cleaner" word. ear.

It is a nickname for Richard. lower-class. For example. It will make a funny story to tell their friends. Dick (spelled with a small d) is also a very common word for penis (the male sex organ). Dangerous English 2000! will save you from many embarrassing situations. If you are among strangers-some will smile because they understand that English is new to you. talk about a penis or a dick. What if I use taboo words without knowing it? A good friend will warn you and explain. immoral. Dick is a taboo word when it means penis. We hope you enjoy it! An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 5 . mean. It will help you to understand a very interesting part of American culture. slurs. in polite company. Dangerous English can be very dangerous. We may talk about a person named Dick. Dick is a very common name for a man. It will keep you safe (in many cases) from other people's disapproval and anger. Others may think you are uneducated. You need this book.It is not the sound of a word that makes it dangerous. People have even been killed for insults. insensitive. It is not taboo when it is a person's name. But we cannot. and angry foul language they have used. or rude.

What "power" does a taboo word have? 5. Reinhold Aman. Is your name a "dangerous" word in English? If it is. What groups of people and events in history created taboos in language in American English? 3. According to Dr. Are there people's names in your native language that are also the names of sex organs or other embarrassing things? Do some people change their names for this reason? 9.Discussion 1. What taboo topics does your language share with English? What different taboos are in your language? What groups of people or events created the taboos in your language? 4. How can you tell that a word is taboo? 8. Why are there so many words for sexual things? 7. What taboo words in your language are used when a person hurts himself or herself and gets angry? 6. what are three kinds of taboo words? 2. what do you think you will do about it? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 6 .

French. Italian. Our tongues have difficulty pronouncing sounds that they did not learn before the age of thirteen. "I'm going to hit the water. Almost all new speakers have some difficulty hearing and pronouncing many of them. Hien someone says. Italian. English aas forty-four sounds." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 7 . Greek. A mispronunciation can change an innocent word into a dangerous word! There are twenty-three different vowel sounds. and Japanese have vowels between each consonant. this is not surprising. Japanese.Is Your Pronunciation Dangerous? Do you have trouble pronouncing some English sounds? If you are a new speaker of English. "I'm going to hit the water. English words may have two or three consonants in a row. from III ("short i"). Spanish and many other languages to hear a difference between lv\l ("long e"). while many other languages have only twenty-five or thirty sounds. Sometimes these difficulties can be embarrassing. while languages such as Spanish. For example." we may not be sure of what he or she means. as in heat. They may pronounce both words nearly the same. as in hit. it's difficult for speakers of Chinese.

watch out! This pronunciation problem means that when you want to say sheet (a cloth covering for a bed). peel still. When you want to say piece (a part of). have the English speaker listen as you say the words. seen ship. This mispronunciation can sound very funny to Americans. seek sin. deed chip. steal If you had trouble with these pairs of words.Test your pronunciation Have a native English speaker read the following pairs of words to you. or do they sound the same? Next. Do you say them correctly? sick. cheap fill." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 8 . feel lip. you may be saying shit (a vulgar word for feces). and may be embarrassing to you. sheep did. leap pill. it may sound like piss (passing urine into the toilet). Can you hear the difference. "I put some clean shits on the bed.

too: If y o u want to say this: six fork folks fox slot Kirk her can't (siks) (foirk) (fouks) (faks) (slat) (ka:rk) (ha:r) (kaent) Don't say this! sex fuck fucks fucks slut cock whore cunt (seks) (fAk) (fAks) (fAks) (slAt) (kak) (ho:r) (kAnt) Do you have trouble with the /th/ sounds (0) and (3)? They are difficult for almost all people who learn English after the age of thirteen. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 9 .you want to say this: beach piece sheet (bi:tf) (pi:s) (fi:t) Don't say this! bitch piss shit (bit/) (pis) (Jit) "Da you mind if I take a piss?" Other vowel sounds can cause troubles. This is because the sounds do not exist in most other languages.

but use your vocal cords at the same time.Here's how to pronounce /0/ correctly: Stick out your tongue just a little bit between your upper teeth and your lower teeth. If you want to say this: ray (rei) rust (rASt) rude (ru:d) lump (lAmp) clap (klaep) elect (a 'lekt) election (a 'lek Jan) blessed (blest) Don't say lay lust lewd rump crap erect erection breast this! (lei) (lASt) (lu:d) (rAmp) (kraep) (9 'rekt) (a 'rek Jan) (brest) An Indispensibie Guide to Dangerous English 2000 10 . This makes it very hard for you to make an English l\l or Ixl that sounds right to Americans.) feces Cfi: si:z) is "I brushed my teat. you w a n t tc) say this: third (9srd) farther ('fair dar) teeth (ti:9) theses C9i: siss) Don't say this! turd (tsrd) farter ('fu:rt cr teat (ti . For /&/ do the same. Gently force air from your mouth out between your tongue and your upper teeth." Are you from Japan or China? Or some other place in Asia? Some Asian languages have only one sound where English has two: f\J and M.

"The audience crapped for a long as though he were ." But to make a joke. This isn't polite. Especially when dangerous words result. of course.There are many jokes aoout the way that Asians pronounce English l's and r's. Then he will say this: "Rots of ruck on your coming erection. "Rots of ruck on your coming erection. but the mistakes just sound funny to American ears. apanese. He will imitate time after the concert.' An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 11 . A common thing to say to a friend who is running for election to any club office or public office: "Lots of luck on your coming election." a Japanese accent." The deliberate mispronunciation usually makes people smile. the wellwisher will fold his hands in front of him and bow.

Watch out! If you want to say this: city ('sit i) Please sit down (sit daun) university (yu ni 'var sit i) Don't say this! shitty ('Jit i) Please shit down (fit daun) univershitty (yu ni 'vsr Jit i) Do you have any of these pronunciation problems? We hope that you will now see how important it can be to correct them! An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 12 . If you want to say this: vowel (vaugl) Don't say this! bowel (baual) Vietnamese. Chinese and others may have trouble with the sound /b/ in initial position: If you want to say this: bee Mr. Korean. Pecker Cpe kar) prick (pnk) Many Asians. Korean. Japanese. Greek. especially Koreans and some Japanese. Spanish and Tagalog sometimes confuse the sound HI with /b/. Becker brick (bi:) ('be kar) (bnk) Don't say this! pee (pi:) Mr. have difficulty with the /s/ sound before an III (short i) sound.Speakers of Arabic.

Have you had any embarrassing experiences because of your accent? 2. What is the best way to avoid these dangerous mispronunciations? 3.Discussion 1. What dangerous mispronunciations do Americans or other English speakers use when they learn your native language? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 .

Euphemisms are the safest words for the foreign student to use. These words are the best-known and most commonly used by American men and women. It is less clear than a formal or general use word. formal general use euphemism children's words slang vulgar Formal words. A family or a group of friends may invent words about sex or bathroom activities. Young people and uneducated people may not know the formal terms for sexual parts of their bodies. with older people. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 14 . A formal word may also be in general use. and one or more meanings. we'll talk about six social classes of words. Americans commonly use euphemisms in conversation with people they don't know very well.The Social Classes of English Words An English word has a sound. lphemisms when they are having a conversation in a public place. General use. Occasionally. adults may use children's words or "baby talk" to be funny. and in mixed groups of both men and women. Eiuphemism ('yu fa till zm). These are easy for the children to pronounce when they are learning to talk. Later. Both men and women use formal words. It may be offensive or embarrassing. but the meaning is usually understood. In this book. special euphemisms may be used with children. They do not want other people to know what they are talking about. They are clear in their meanings. a spelling. Use formal words whenever you want to be clear and exact. The universal euphemisms are expressions like "you-know-what" or "you-know-where." This means that a word is acceptable in one or more social settings. Children's words." Personal euphemisms. it is out of place. They use these personal . A euphemism is a "polite" word. Words for taboo topics also have a "social class. These are the words in biology textbooks and the words doctors use. When a word is used in a different setting. Many parents use special words with children.

Men have used the word broad when they have talked about women as though women have no brains or personalities.esentment. Slang words often are new words in the language. The words may then create a friendly bond between speaker and listener. anger. They tell other eople about your attitudes and prejudices. or old words that now have a new meaninp If the word becomes popular and people use it for many years. and so the word is offensive. Most women find this attitude offensive. A man who calls a grown woman a girl tells people that he thinks of women as child-like. a man who refers to women as broads is telling listeners that his attitude toward women is not respectful.) An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 15 . For example. the word can show the speaker's feelings or opinion about something. Many slang expressions show creativity. hostility. (That is. it may come into general use. Things can often become very confusing when offensive words are said with an intention to be funny. Some slang terms are derogatory (da 'ra cp tu rii). affection." That is. Slang words may have "an attitude. The attitude comes from the history of how the word has been used. or . You might not know that this is happening. Derogatory words are offensive. humor. The word chair does not contain an opinion about the object chair. they will create a bond if the listener understands the humorous intention and also finds the words funny. Americans may use derogatory words and not know that they are offensive to the people they are talking to (or about). But the slang word broad (which means woman) includes an attitude about women. The words you speak may also speak about you. A person who calls a Spanish speaker a Spic is letting people know that he or she is not very sensitive and shows prejudice.Slang is used in informal situations where a person feels comfortable with friends or associates.

punish. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 16 . In some settings. Vulgar sex and toilet words are contained in many other expressions. drive away. superiors. the army. or in formal written work. Using vulgar language is called swearing or cursing. the words are a badge of team membership. Don't use vulgar words when speaking to teachers. When the word is combined with an angry tone of voice. Careful speakers never use vulgar words in formal situations. and street gangs. strangers. This can happen even if the speaker did not intend it. Today. Men of every social class from street cleaner to banker. and may not even be offended to hear. or humiliate another person. They are the simple. Vulgar language is often used in such all-male groups as work teams and sports teams. clear words of uneducated people for body parts and sex and bathroom terms. the women who join some of these formerly all-male groups may use vulgar language. men use vulgar words in every sentence. Many women use vulgar language as freely in informal situations as men do. in the classroom. "Watch your language. children. and even at work. they add spice and humor to the language. men's college dormitories. Neither group uses as much vulgar language as men do. customers. in the office. polite men would never swear when a woman or a child was near. may seem more attractive. They are used to express anger. young women are not surprised by. and use them less frequently. Men who use vulgar language freely may consider a woman who also swears at work or in school as "one of the boys. the intention is to hurt. bars. and mixed groups of both men and women. They make him or her feel insulted. In today's age of equality. or to act as a weapon. older people.Vulgar words are the lowest social class of words. new friends. therefore. A listener may find some slang and vulgar words offensive." But in a dating relationship. Years ago. older women know fewer vulgar words than younger women. senator and president might use these words." That is. women who don't swear may seem more "classy" to these same men and. there are ladies present" was a reminder. vulgar language at parties. In general. Psychologists say that this is a form of "male bonding. too.

There are some people who are shocked and strongly offended by vulgar language. They say that the vulgar words are more honest and direct. In fact. They feel that the formal words and euphemisms are prudish. People with very little education may use vulgar terms for body parts and functions. it has a comic sound. When a person with a strong foreign accent uses vulgar expressions in English. the vulgar terms may be the only words they know for those functions. Such terms have no forbidden feeling for them. But that might not be the effect that the speaker wanted. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 17 .Teenagers may use vulgar language in order to be accepted by their group. It is against their religious and moral beliefs to use such language." They dare each other to write vulgar expressions on bathroom walls or buildings. They don't like to hear it. They learned them from their parents. and express their feelings more accurately. Using forbidden words is a way of showing they are "growing up. That's a very good reason not to use vulgar language with people you don't know. Some very-well-educated people prefer to use vulgar terms for the natural functions of the body.

Why is it OK for a man to use a certain word.Discussion 1. When or where would you use formal language? Slang? Vulgar? Children's words? General use? A euphemism? 3. Which classes of words may have an "attitude" or point of view? How does this add to their meaning? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous Engttsh 2000 18 . What are men's attitudes about women when they use the same vulgar words? 8. but dangerous for a woman to use it? 6. Are there such classes of words in your native language? Are there additional levels? Are there "men's words" and "women's words"? Children's words? 5. Which is the safest type of word to use in polite company? 4. What are the social classes of English words? 2. What does vulgar language accomplish in male groups? 7.

" A formal term for waste material is stool. and in medical reports: "The patient's stool was watery. we set a trap to catch the mice. teacher and students can discuss digestion without being embarrassed. This way." Feces is always used in the plural. 'Waste material" is a euphemism. That way the subject matter "doesn't smell bad. somewhat sterilized (cleaned up) term.We All Do It. This term does not have a specific. and we pass the undigested part of food out of our bodies." "A certain amount of insect parts and rodent [rat or mouse] fecal matter is allowed in the food-canning process." "Take your stool sample to the laboratory for testing. Fecal matter is a formal. It may refer to either human or animal waste: "There were mouse feces in the loset. The term suggests that it is a small amount: "Fecal matter was found in the canned spaghetti sauce. clear meaning. It's correct to use this term when you want to be clear and direct with educated people. This word is used by doctors and patients." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 19 . but We Can't Talk about It We eat food. What shall we call this undigested food? It depends on where we are and to whom we are talking. It i : ght be used in an inspector's report on a restaurant. There is no singular form." "They found blood in his stool." Feces is also a formal term. we digest food in our stomachs. School textbooks might use the term waste material in a chapter about digestion.

Excrement is a general-use term that includes all types of human and animal feces. But only if absolutely necessary. Exceptions are made for mothers of small children. though. is on the way: "I have to make caca"." Turd is vulgar slang for an individual piece of waste material. poozie doodoo.m. poopie. toilet training.'s. and other bathroom matters relating to their children are an important part of their daily world. Droppings is a euphemism for animal excrement.M. cow pancakes. diapers." Turd is a countable noun. That is. These are all easy sounds for a child to say so he or she can tell Mom or Dad when a b. You can use this term when talking to the neighbors. pasture patties.) This euphemism for bowel movement is less clear. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 20 . and humorously called cow flop." It's too strong for the neighbors. Bowel movement is in general use. It smells bad. so it is more polite." "The park was filled with dog turds. A cow's waste is politely called cow droppings.m. Number two. B. Caca is a child's word. (or b. "I have to go caca".m. or (when dry) cow chips. or to the doctor: "I haven't had a bowel movement for three days. eh eh. a a. poop. or bird feces: "He flushed the turds down the toilet. Horse droppings are humorously called road apples. B. Americans consider bathroom habits to be a very personal subject. and doody. This term is all right for talk in the family. and so on." "Do you have to do number one or number two?" "Number two. The taboo is also broken if it is necessary to speak of an illness. So are: cackee. Cow droppings and horse droppings may be called dung or manure when they are used as fertilizer. dog. It is a commonly used term for human. cat. it has both a singular and a plural form. This euphemism is very common with school-age children: "I have to go to the bathroom.

by any other name would smell as bad. we might say. (That was hundreds of years ago. The great English writer Shakespeare wrote. there are many people who will not use this word. Dog doo is another euphemism. although this common word used to be acceptable. Shit is considered vulgar." But the odor may seem far away or close.Dirt is a euphemism for dog or cat feces: "People must clean up their dog's dirt. However. "Excrement. depending on what we name it. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 21 ." To follow Shakespeare's example. it has so many meanings and uses in informal groups that it is one of the most popular words in spoken English. Still.) Now you won't often hear this word in "polite" conversation. and who will be offended when others use it. "A rose by any other name would smell as sweet." They don't have to mention what." Signs along the street tell us "Clean up after your dog.

write as many synonyms for the word as you know. or is it taboo? 2. In your language. What is the difference in "attitude" between cow pancakes and cow dung? 4. Can you group the words into social classes? Are these classes the same as the English ones? 3. but widely used in a locker room? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 22 . What is the common word for waste material (feces) in your language? Is this an acceptable term. Why can one word for a body part be "dangerous" and another word for the same body part be "safe?" 5.Discussion 1. Why is a certain word not acceptable in a classroom.

Common Words with Dangerous Double Meanings Uh-oh! Here's trouble for you: Many ordinary English words have more than one meaning. As a result. verb. A rounded part of the body: the ball of the foot 4." 3. 10. On the ball: Ready. a very good time. "Let's play ball" 5. noun. People may laugh. or not directly over the home plate. To have sexual intercourse with. even though every American adult knows them." Traditional English textbooks and ESL classes won't help you to learn the sexual meanings of ball. "Ball four!" shouted the umpire. noun. If you hear the words used in informal situations. "The sun is a ball of fire." 2. a pitch that is too high. A social party where people dress formally and dance to the music of an orchestra. vulgar. your bilingual dictionaries will probably not translate meanings into your language. "The president and his wife attended a ball at the Ritz Hotel. although these dangerous meanings are well known to Americans. Ball is found in common idioms." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 23 ." 8. Have a ball: A lot of fun. "Jack and Jill balled all night. In the game of baseball. A round rubber toy. Also. Testicle. 7. too low. b a l l 1. the word ball has several general meanings. vulgar. "The child is playing with a ball. and never tell you why! For example. you may not be aware that they are not suited for either formal or polite society. "The new assistant seems to be on the ball. "He scratched his balls. you may never know when you are saying something that could have a vulgar meaning." 6. A game. smart. "I had a ball at the party last night. Any sphere. 9. prepared. Most teachers and most textbooks will not warn you about the slang or vulgar meanings of those innocent-sounding words hiding in your vocabulary.

1. balls! I can't find my new gloves. vulgar." An Indispenslble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 24 . vulgar." 2. To tease. vulgar. bold." to b u s t o n e ' s b a l l s verb phrase. vulgar." to h a v e s o m e o n e by t h e b a l l s verb phrase. An expression of disappointment or annoyance. A job or act that requires a person to have great courage." oh. To have great masculine courage. A woman who makes a man feel unmasculine. to h a v e b a l l s verb phrase. She has a special way of making a man feel inadequate and foolish. 1. "Oh. To be in a position capable of hurting someone (as though you were holding his testicles). This may be emotionally. To make a man lose power or self-esteem as a male. Courageous. You'll feel like a three-year-old child after a short conversation with her." it takes balls verb phrase. "The guys were busting my balls about my getting a promotion. "It takes balls to be a race car driver. man-to-man. or legally. she's a real ball buster. "That was ballsy to march up to the professor and ask for a better grade. "Professor Jackson's test was a real ball buster." 2. vulgar. "James really busted his balls to finish the report on time." ball b u s t e r noun. b a l l s ! vulgar.There are some very common vulgar expressions that contain the word ball. "Vivian certainly has balls to argue with the boss. nobody was able to answer all the questions." b a l l s y slang. "Maureen enjoys busting men's balls. To work very hard to complete a difficult job or to attain a goal. financially. vulgar. "The mechanic had me by the balls-either I agree to pay his high prices." to b u s t s o m e o n e ' s b a l l s verb phrase. A difficult test or job. "Don't try to get friendly with Tara. or I have to get my car towed to a less expensive garage.

drawers C.How Safe Is Your English? Test Yourself The following ten words are very common. buttocks An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 25 . urine 10. have oral-genital sex 3. have an orgasm 9. have sexual intercourse 4. feces 8. bang A. number one F. But they are dangerous words. eat D. stool I. penis 6. homosexual 2. They have double meanings. box J. Do you know the vulgar meanings of these words? Write the letter of your answer next to the word. come H. can G. vagina 7. 1. Then check your answers on the next page. fairy E. You probably know their main meaning. underpants 5. bone B.

"The butcher will bone the fish for you. gen. Perform cunnilingus or fellatio. especially when it is erect." 4. Have sexual intercourse with. "Td really like to bang her. E 3." 2. e a t (i:t) 1. "Your body has 206 bones. "The door closed with a bang. vulgar. (Lick a partner's genitals. J 8. To hit. The penis." 3. noun. 3. B 5. Bone up. use. noun." 2. "His desk has three drawers. gen. making a loud noise. Usually the subject is male. gen." 2. verb." 4. use. noun. verb.) An Indispenslble Guide to Oangeiou* English 2000 26 . "Someone is banging on the door. D 4. like the sound of a gun." "The dog ate a bone. use. b a n g (baerj) 1. use. Part of a skeleton. "The new department store is having a sale. A thrill or special pleasure. H 9. verb. use. noun. G 10. d r a w e r s (dro:rz) 1. A 6. Aloud noise. "I get a bang out of watching little kids play baseball.Answers 1." 5. the object female. C 2. plural. verb. To hit and hurt. vulgar. Underpants. gen. 3. To study for a test." 2. verb. "He banged his head on the door. Chew and swallow food. or other furniture. gen. noun. dresser. noun. gen. Parts of a desk. I think I'll buy some new drawers. vulgar. verb. To take the bones out of something. noun. I 7.' he said to his friend." 4. slang. plural. "We eat three meals a day. I have to bone up for the history exam tomorrow. "I can't go to the movies with you." 6." 2. Hair cut so that it is combed forward and cut straight over the eyebrows. use. b o n e (boun) 1. F How many did you get right? 1.

To be available in a certain size. vulgar. Move toward the person who is speaking." 2. magical person. verb. "The doctor asked the patient to bring in a sample of his stool." 3. verb. To fight with one's fists. noun. The buttocks. Urine. noun. verb. noun." 3. verb. use. verb. n u m b e r o n e (nAm bar 'wAn) 1. 4. "Where's Joe?" "He's in the can." 2. Arrive. noun." 2. use. "The child put his toys into a box. gen. noun. "The clerk boxed and wrapped the gift. gen. "John can speak four languages. Around metal container. noun. a bowel movement. A woman's vagina. c a n (caen) 1. The best." '5. vulgar. "The customers sat on the bar stools. gen. Be able. noun. The bathroom.5. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 27 . "What time will you come to my house?" 2. Avery small imaginary. Ejaculate. verb. A male homosexual. gen. color or style. "I have to make number one. "I don't like to wear tight slacks because I have a big can. adj. children's euphemism. "Juice comes in pints and quarts. gen." 3. "Mr. use. Hiro is the number one man in that company. formal. Feces." (= urinate) 7. the most important. as in the sport of boxing. medical. A container. To put something into cans or jars. gen." 2. use. usually with wings. noun. use. slang. b o x (baks) 1." 10. c o m e (cAm) 1. To be packed in a certain kind of container. Mother opened a can of tuna fish." 4. 2." 4. verb. gen. such as food. use. '"Did you come?' he asked. use." 8. "Come here. use. use. "Rose canned four quarts of tomatoes from her garden. s t o o l (stu:l) 1." 2. use." 9. green and brown. f a i r y ('fca ri) 1. "The children love stories about fairies" "Cinderella has a fairy godmother. slang. noun. A chair without a back or arms. gen. slang. "This blouse comes in red. The toilet. To put into a box. gen. something you can put things in. gen. (offensive) 6. Have an orgasm. noun. gen. use.

More Dangerous Doubles Here are eighty-five more common words with dangerous double meanings. You will find the slang or vulgar meanings in the Definitions section of t h i s book s t a r t i n g on p a g e 109. adult affair bag basket beat beaver bed behind blow bottom boxers briefs buns brush bush can cheap cheat cherry clap climax pet Peter piece piles privates put out queer relations come crabs crack cream Dick dirty do drag finger fly friend fruit gas gay go go down hammer hard head hole hot rocks rubber runs safety satisfy screw sixty nine hump hung John joint jugs knob knocker lay loose lungs madame make meat member moon neck number two nuts organ overcoat period swing tail thing tool trick turn on withdraw An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous E n g l i s h 2000 28 .

people may laugh and you won't know why." "Are you hot?" "Would you like a piece?" "I played on my friend's organ. "Do you have rod balls?" For example: "Do you have red balls?" "He's our number two man." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 29 . If you accidentally use these words where they can have a double meaning. They get a good laugh from others." "Do you want a cherry?" "I like Dick." "I like to start off each day with a bang." "I need a large tool." "Put the tool in my box.People often tell jokes using words with double meanings.

What is the reaction when new speakers of your language use these words? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 30 .Discussion 1. Are there common words in your language that have dangerous double meanings? 2.

God gave His people the Ten Commandments to live by. They say other words that begin with the same sounds: Cripes! For crying out loud! Gee Whiz! Jeepers! Golly! Gosh! Heck! Go to heck! Christmas! Jiminy Cricket! Cheese and crackers! Goldarnit! Doggone it! What the heck! Oh my God! Jesus! and Jesus Christ! are commonly said during sexual excitement or orgasm. He or she may not use these names for showing anger. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 31 . However.Religious Taboos According to the Jewish and Christian religions. It is blasphemy to do this. or in the company of people they don't know well. you will probably hear these words very often. strong emotion. in front of children. or cursing another person." A religious person may say "God" and "Jesus" with respect. The third commandment is "You may not misuse the name of God. Because these words are taboo. Christ! Christ almighty! Jesus! God! Hell! Go to hell! For Christ's sake! Jesus Christ! God damn it! What the hell! Many people try not to use these words in formal situations such as school or office. some people use a softer way of swearing-at least in formal or mixed company. They are extremely common in expressions of surprise and anger.

was the common vulgar term for buttocks. a musical instrument commonly played in churches.. The word arse went through pronunciation changes in some places in England until it had the same sound and spelling as ass." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 32 . Here is an organ joke-"Did you hear what happened in church last week? Mrs. gentle and riding on a donkey. The word organ can mean 1. the word ass meant "a small. For example.. Cock became so widely known as penis that people stopped using the word to mean a male chicken. The vulgar term "has driven out" the use of the word ass to mean an animal. For Matthew 21:5. the word cock meant a male chicken. many years ago. and one is vulgar. an older translation reads. The word ass now has two meanings. But since the euphemism for penis is "sex organ. horse-like animal with long ears. This word became a slang word for penis. But this was not a vulgar term. or 2. and mounted on an ass." The common word for cat was pussy fifty years ago. One meaning is polite. humble. When a term becomes widely known in its taboo meaning. A male chicken is now called a rooster.How double meanings cause changes in the language. But the dictionary still defines "pussy" as a cat. It meant he or she was as stupid as this animal. From 1300 to the 1900s." A newer translation reads: "See. any part of a body." It was an insult to call a person an ass." the word organ is getting to be dangerous. The word pussy became a vulgar word for vagina. Finally she caught him by the organ. Now all use of the word ass seems vulgar. people will stop using the word for its original meaning. Even the Christian Bible has changed. A new word had to be found for male chicken. your king is coming to you. A different word. arse. "Behold. Jones chased the minister around the church. Now almost no young person calls a cat a pussy anymore. your king comes to you.

Discussion 1. what type of words do they tend to say? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 33 . 2. Give examples of words that were in common use but were "driven out" by a taboo double meaning. Are there "safe" alternate pronunciations of these words? 6. What is the penalty or public reaction if they are said? 5. In your home culture. Has this happened in your language? 3. are there religious words that are taboo? 4. When people get hurt or angry.

Safe Words for Dangerous Clothing: Our Underwear garter belt An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 34 .

Some movies are not rated. nudity. or a lot of violence. The "NR" rating suggests that the movie is for adults only. violence and vulgar language are in them. This is supposed to help people decide if they want to see a certain movie. there are no scenes of bloody violence. before letting their older children see it. and so forth A"G" rating tells that a movie is for general audiences. A"PG" rating means that parents' guidance is needed. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 35 . "R" movies are restricted. and there is no bad language. suggestions of sex. No one takes off his or her clothes. The actors may be seen nude from the waist up for a brief time. shooting. The movie may have some scary scenes. "NR" movies may have a great deal of realistic sex scenes. The ratings do not say how good the movies are. or if the movie is suitable for their children. A "PG-13" rating means that the movie is not recommended for children under the age of thirteen. A "PG-13" movie may contain short sex scenes. They tell how much sex. or extreme violence and vulgar language. Nudity = Men and women without clothes on Frontal nudity = Showing the front of a nude body Violence = Fighting. Children under 17 may not go to these movies without an adult. including young children. or both sex and violence. It could give a younger child bad dreams or bad ideas. A "PG-13" movie may contain quite a bit of violence and some vulgar language. killing. and talk to adults who have seen it. or some minor bad language. Parents should read a review of the movie. There may also be a lot of vulgar language. "R" movies may contain a lot of nudity and sex. car crashes. hurting. violence.Dangerous English Goes to the Movies There is a system for rating American movies.

They are pornographic."X-rated" movies (or videos) usually do not have much story at all. _Q O O Q WICKED WOMEN-NR An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 36 . That means they were made for the purpose of sexual excitement. There are many long scenes of sex acts.

S. too. You can also see it in some of the TV program guides. If you buy a new TV set in the U. to respond to the needs of both parents and children. you can program your TV set so it will not show the kinds of programs you do not want your children to watch. (There are many cable programs that do not rate their shows yet. It is meant to help parents decide what their children watch on TV Most of the major networks use this system. This acts like a mini-computer. It is expected to change from time to time.Do you have children? Do you have a TV? There are many useful. There is a rating system for TV programs. This rating system became effective late in 1997. With the "V" chip. and entertaining programs on TV. educational. But there also are too many programs that waste time and fill young minds with violence and sexual excitement. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 37 . parents must be very careful about what their children watch on TV. In the U..) Y Y-7 TV-G TV-PG Suitable for children of all ages Suitable for children seven years old and older Suitable for all audiences Parents should guide their children (program may not be suitable) TV-14 = May not be suitable for children under fourteen TV-M = For mature audiences only (not suitable for children under eighteen) = = = = In addition.. these letters will let you know what is in the program: V S L D = = = Violence Sex Vulgar language Dialogue (conversation) suggesting sex or violence The rating will be shown in the upper corner of the screen at the beginning of the show.S. it will have a "V" chip.

" that is. This is the "comfort zone" for conversation. Personal space Adult human beings don't like people to come closer than a certain distance. But body language is different from one culture to another. unless they are "intimates. to keep a "comfortable" distance between you. This unconscious personal distance differs from place to place throughout the world. An American usually stands about thirty inches (arms length) from the person he or she is talking to. as well as with language. If you come closer. family members or very close friends or a lover. Is It Speaking Dangerously? People speak with their hands and with their whole bodies.Your Body Talks. The need for this personal space is part of our culture-but it is not necessarily part of our conscious thinking. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 3d . the American may step back. The American may feel that you are getting "too personal and intimate" if you move in close. Are you from a culture in which people stand very close when they are talking to each other? Then you may feel that the American is rude for moving away. A new speaker of English needs to know the nonverbal forms of communication.

or at least does not want to show that she is. She may automatically step back if she is not interested. Are Americans warm and friendly? Or are they cool and unfriendly? Your impression of Americans will be based on the culture that you come from. Learn to "listen to" this nonverbal language. ethnic. An American will step close to you. a woman may think that he is sexually interested in her. age. That's because there are so many different American regional. Are you from a culture where people have a wider "personal space"? Then you may prefer to stand farther away from people you are talking to than an American would. She will feel uncomfortable if she seems "trapped" against a wall or other barrier. If the American steps toward you again. gender. distant. the American may think that you are cold.When a man moves closer than arms length. and personal behaviors. This is to stay at his or her most comfortable distance. Even Americans misinterpret each other. Try to stand at a "safe" distance so that the person you are talking to does not get a wrong idea about your intentions. or unfriendly. Both of you may very well be mistaken. you may think he or she is too aggressive-perhaps even making a sexual advance. Observe the touching behavior that goes on around you. Observe your own use of touch among different members of family and friends. It is quite fascinating. An Indispenstbte Guide to Dangerous English 2000 39 . When you step backward. Watch how you touch Touch also has different meanings in different ethnic groups and cultures. as well as on the American individuals you meet.

Greetings Men shake hands when they are introduced to other men." someone might say of a person whose hand is limp. Men generally shake hands with male friends to say hello. or very gentle person. and may also give a firm pat on the shoulder. "That person shakes hands like a dead fish. If a woman offers her hand. A weak handshake is considered a sign of a weak. ineffective. shake hands. a woman shakes hands sometimes. or a slap on the upper back. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 40 . but sometimes she doesn't. women offer their hand when they are introduced to others. A firm handshake is considered a sign of good character and selfconfidence. In business. It is OK either way. In social situations. Ask Americans to show you the proper handshake grip if you are in doubt.

In the past. many men hug their men friends. It is not then a sign of homosexual behavior. If you hug someone. A slap on the buttocks after a good athletic feat is also (usually) both acceptable and welcome. or good news. don't hold on too long. Hugging is becoming more common among men. Men may hug other men with no sexual intent. and show more public affection. and Latin American) generally touch more in public. than do people from northern Europe and Asia. or a disappointment. Hugging ^mong athletes upon victory and celebration is the rule. The hugs between men and women or between women and women may be accompanied by a light kiss. (There are many exceptions. a graduation. Kisses on the cheek may also be common to them when greeting friends.. Do not mistake either a hug or a quick kiss from a friend as an invitation to romance or sex. except family members. or to cheer them up when they are sad. or even just in the air between the two pairs of lips! Usually. And they might use their hands a lot when speaking. they clapped a hand on the shoulder. Greek. To show friendship or sympathy. Friends may hug to give or receive thanks for a gift or a favor. Spanish. there are no sexual intentions in these hugs. especially if it has been a long time since they last saw them. as it might be in other settings. but most do not. French. A woman may hug a friend (male or female) to congratulate him or her on a birthday. They might hug to offer congratulations. most American men did not hug other men. Hugging Many American women hug close friends when greeting them. Today. Men may hug women when they see them after a long absence. There are great ethnic and personal variations to hugging. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 41 . to thank them for a gift.) People from Mediterranean origins (Italian. Or they may hug to show sympathy for someone's loss. Observe the behaviors of men and women around you. Arabic. They could even touch you while talking to you. Jewish. The following are generalizations. This may be on the cheek or be a brief "smack" on the lips.

People may hug each other hello and goodbye. or Northern European backgrounds (German. English. To protect the schools from lawsuits. etc. In many states." They generally show less affection in public. if they are introduced by a good mutual friend.If you are on the West Coast (in California). teachers in elementary school frequently hugged the younger students. People of Asian backgrounds. Norwegian. but these students were angry about failing grades. One American psychologist wrote: "Four hugs a day is the minimum daily requirement. There have been other cases of students who accused teachers of touching them in a wrong way. They wanted to get the teachers in trouble. Swedish. or have some strong common interest. That is because of a few very highly publicized cases of teachers who were pedophiles (people attracted sexually to uiildren). They became teachers in order to get sexual contact with children. rules were made against hugging children. Eight is better. Twelve hugs a day will make sure we stay in the best of health. There are books and articles about the benefits of hugging.) generally are more "reserved. hugging children is now against school rules. you can expect to see more people hugging each other than on the East Coast. even on a first meeting. At one time." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 42 . These articles encourage people to hug their friends and family members.

A person new to a closed group may be hugged on departure. or walk holding hands. another woman if she is a sister. or walk with an arm around. if men kiss. job and housing discrimination. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 43 . In America. most others will assume that they have a homosexual relationship. or have their arms around each other. in many places there is still "gay-bashing. This danger causes some gay people to continue to hide their sexual identification from most other people. and even physical attacks by homophobic thugs (uneducated men who fear homosexuality). In the gay community. and kissing. As a result. hugging. One can now also see homosexual couples holding hands. A couple may walk down the street holding hands. on beaches. however. But. relative." This strong prejudice against gay people includes name-calling. hugging is more common. more gay people are frank and open about their sexual orientation. and at young people's parties. A woman may hold hands with. The movement for gay people's rights in the United States has increased public acceptance of gay and lesbian life styles. if the overall feeling is that he or she is accepted into the group. Many mature people think that "necking" (passionate kissing) in public shows very bad manners. or very close friend.Public kissing by two young people who either are "in love" or are strongly attracted to each other is quite common in cities.

The hand is waved upward at the other person.S. but what are we saying? Our hands help us to communicate without speaking. However." "Up yours" or "Sit on this. The following are some common American hand gestures. (Do not use your middle finger to point with. A polite gesture in your culture may be a vulgar gesture in the U. with the back of the hand facing the observer. Translation: I hate you. or hatred. Sometimes the person also sticks out his or her tongue while wiggling the four "nose" fingers. Among adults." The translation of this is "Up your ass.") An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 44 . that is practiced especially among angry children." It's used to show contempt. It will look as though you are "giving someone the finger. I'm angry. anger.We talk with our hands. The middle finger is extended. I think you stink. "The nose salute" is a strong insult. and the other fingers are folded." The most common vulgar gesture is "giving the finger. the meanings of nonverbal gestures are not the same around the world. or to count "one" with. the translation might be "Kiss my ass.

(This might also be done in appreciation of a delicious meal. of course) and then flicking it out. The translation is "Fuck you.A gesture that came into English through Italian body language is the "Italian salute. then open his hand toward the object he admires. folding over the left hand. which are pursed as if blowing smoke or whistling." Another "Fuck you" gesture is made by holding the tip of the thumb on the inside of the front teeth (mouth open. The right arm is brought quickly upwards and backwards.) An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 45 . A gesture of approval of a woman's sexiness is this: The fingers of one hand are brought up to the lips. The person may close his eyes and kiss his fingers." A person places the left hand on the lower part of the upper right arm.

and may be taken as an offer of sex. Little boys-up to the age of six or so-usually go into the ladies' room with their mothers if there is no male to take them into the men's room An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 46 . To look at another man can be dangerous. or straight ahead.Men's-room behavior In a men's room that has many urinals. American men almost never stand next to someone else unless all the other units are in use. A man is expected to look up or look down. but not to the left or right.

Are there any American gestures that have different meanings in your culture? Have any of your gestures been misunderstood by Americans? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 47 . what is the usual distance that people stand from each other when they are talking? Is it very different from the distance that Americans prefer? How does this make you feel when talking to Americans? 2. Do teachers hug children in your home country? If they do.Discussion: 1. "Twelve hugs a day lead to the best of health?" 5. In your home country. What is your reaction. up to what age? Do parents hug their own children? Up to what age? 4. How much do people touch in public in your home country? Hug? Kiss? What are the differences between men and women in this regard? What is your reaction to the American public touching behavior you have seen? 3.

and so forth. Both men and women must be careful of what they say and do to members of the opposite sex. at work or at any other place that one is not free to just walk away from. especially at work or school. or making comments about a person's body or sexiness.Sexual Harassment: What's that? Sexual harassment is unwelcome attention or sexual behavior that comes from others at school. ask him or her politely to stop. too. Sexual harassment might mean using vulgar language. If an employer or supervisor offends you at work. but also in many other circumstances. one doesn't want to leave a job. Can people fall in love at work? Of course. The new rules and laws are to protect each group against sexual harassment by the other. telling "dirty" jokes. or report the behavior to their supervisor. or talking about one's sexual abilities. Schools and business companies have been sued for allowing sexual harassment to occur. It might be unwelcome touching. It could be hanging up pictures or calendars with women or men in bathing suits (or nude). Supervisors of employees have a lot of power over the workers-they can fire them. invitation. or is now OK in your home culture. invitations to date. If there are bad personal feelings at work. pay raises. But the workplace is considered a dangerous place in which to look for a social life. New laws say that employers or supervisors may not use their position of power to sexually harass their employees. transfer them. Some work places have committees for handling difficult employee relations. What was OK a few years ago. and control their performance reviews. an employee who does not wish to respond may fear losing his or her job. may not be suitable behavior in today's American business office. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 48 . v ost romances end before long. or sexual request. When a supervisor makes an unwanted comment.

or have a romantic relationship with.In schools and universities. The punishment can be severe: years in jail. In the military. Are men and women protected from sexual harassment in your home country? How? 3. Discussion 1. Is there any behavior between men and women that is acceptable in the United States that is not acceptable in your home country? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 49 . What are the rules regarding sexual harassment in the place where you work or attend classes? 2. and/or having a sexual relationship) with a person of lower rank. an officer may be court-martialed for "fraternizing" (dating. and a dishonorable discharge. a student. there have always been strict rules ' lat say a teacher is not allowed to date.

Middle Easterners. gender.S. types) of Christians. and Unitarians. laws say that we may not discriminate based on race. Many Americans are "mixtures" or "blends" of two.S. There are also some Americans who believe in many gods and many Americans who believe in no god. The United States is a land of many different races and nationalities. business partnerships. Hindus. and Asians live and get along remarkably well together here. or national origin. Americans are taught both in church and school to respect others. there are all sorts of friendships. the love of being unique. Americans are of many different religions. four. color. Americans are proud of having more than one culture. language. and the appreciation of our rights and freedoms combine to hold us all together. There are even special laws against "hate crimes" that hurt people because of race or nationality. and marriages involving people from different national backgrounds or religions. polite terms for ethnic groups and races. In the U. There is unfairness in employment and housing. We must live in peace together. Native Americans. religion. African Americans. Buddhists.Who Are All These People? It's important to know the acceptable. plus many congregations of Mormons. and four of Jews.S. That means all of us. too. There are tensions and misunderstandings among the races and between different national groups. or ethnic group in their family history. The law says so. Europeans. But these ideals are not yet completely real. A distinctly American ideal is that all people must be treated equally. In the U. Muslims. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 50 . There still is prejudice in some people's hearts. there are more than one hundred denominations (groups. All people must have a fair chance to get an education. Thoughtful people must continue to work toward making the ideal real. National U. The English language. to get a job. to find a place to live. or eight different ethnic groups.

one day people will say. someone hearing them may get angry enough even to fight. it isn't easy to know which names are OK. and treats others unfairly). Hopefully. and in foreign-born. The words have a history of being said with anger.) A person who is living in or visiting a country of which he or she is not a citizen. but on college campuses. but acceptable on the East Coast. Others are insults. The correct names for groups of people can. The newcomer or foreign visitor in the United States should learn the correct names of each national and racial group. Similarly. it is no longer politically correct in the term foreign student. what might you. and that's the human race. in fact." If so. You could get into very bad trouble! Even for Americans.One sign of the tension is the names that people call other groups. but one that younger people take as an insult. Since many of these terms are extremely offensive. the readers of this book be called? a l i e n Cei li: an) noun. Also. From another country. people may think that you are a bigot (a person who holds prejudices. We are all citizens of one planet. a member of a group may use a derogatory name for his own group. "There is only one race. you will find some of the most dangerous and offensive words in all of the English language. Warning: In the following list of names that people have called others. Within just a few years after this book is published. maybe people can stop worrying about "names" of all sorts. OK in the expression foreign country. older people in a group may use a name for themselves. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 51 . The word is also used to refer to a science fiction creature from outer space. A name for a certain group may be an insult in California. Some of these labels are meant to be humorous. (Once acceptable. f o r e i g n adjective. change. some of the names that we include as "acceptable" may change. or discrimination. but may get angry if someone else uses that word. If you use derogatory names. First. this word is beginning to sound offensive in some contexts.

i m m i g r a n t (acceptable) noun. undocumented immigrant. However. i n t e r n a t i o n a l s t u d e n t (acceptable) A student from another country who attends a U. It then came to be considered offensive by college administrators: "It made students from other countries seem not to belong here. foreign currency. college.S.f o r e i g n e r noun. f o r e i g n s t u d e n t This term was acceptable and widely used up to the 1980s. Foreign-born person is more widely accepted. this is being replaced in polite conversation among educated people by unlawful resident. i l l e g a l a l i e n Acceptable until recently. this term is considered by some people to be extremely offensive. t o u r i s t (acceptable) noun. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 52 . v i s i t o r (acceptable) noun. The title of the second edition (1990) was changed to An Indispensable Guide to Dangerous English for Language Learners and Others.S. Still used by the government and in laws. and foreign diplomat are still used." The term was changed to international student. this word is :eginning to sound offensive to some people.) A person who was born outside the U. the government still uses the term foreign student. A person who is in the United States temporarily. or person who is living in the United States unlawfully. To give an immediate example of how authors and others incorporate language changes such as this: the first edition of this book (1980) was named A Foreign Student's Guide to Dangerous English. (Once completely acceptable. A person who is traveling for pleasure. showing that people from around the world were contributing a positive presence to the colleges. The words foreign service. and has not become a citizen. including tourists and temporary workers. and gives up his or her allegiance to a former country. A person who comes to work and live in a new country.

Shortened to "bro. A f r i c a n (acceptable) A person born in Africa. It came in with the slogan "Black Is Beautiful. Black (acceptable) This was the preferred term from 1960s to 1990. the term was considered offensive. however. Now to find out who everyone else is.S. and particularly a black African. All the other terms for that group are indented and listed alphabetically. and so forth. acceptable term. b l o o d (slang) This term is used by African Americans to refer to other African Americans. A f r i c a n A m e r i c a n (acceptable) An American citizen whose ancestors came from Africa. and sometimes violent. It implies that the black person is not a full adult equal to the speaker." Before that. preferable to use the exact nationality if you know it: Congolese. The politically correct name has changed several times in the past forty years. Rwandan. In the struggle for full civil rights. It is. Sudanese. The road to full equality for African Americans has been slow. Ghanaian.That's who you are. Somalian. Each group below is listed under the most common. Nigerian. Morocco. People from Egypt. and Libya are thought more of as North Africans or Arabic rather than Africans although they too are from the continent of Africa. b o y (derogatory) This term is extremely offensive when used by a white person speaking to an adult African American. It had been related to insults and other negative uses of the word black. Algeria. The history of slavery left a great many scars on society in the U. b l a c k also. Used by African-Americans for each other. many of their leaders proposed new names for themselves. It is a short word meaning blood brother. b r o t h e r (slang) Short for blood brother and soul brother." An Indlspenslble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 53 . Tunisia.

Educated non-black people avoid this hurtful word above all other words. murders. what up?" Non-black friends and associates may also use the term but only when completely welcomed and integrated into black social circles. often pronouncing it niggah: "Yo Niggah. c o l o r e d p e r s o n noun. extremely offensive when used by a non-black person) Originally. or want to be like. an African American may freely use this word with another person as a term of friendship. n i g g e r (vulgar. The word can cause extreme anger. this word was a slurred pronunciation of Negro. and may be considered offensive. white people.") On the other hand. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 54 . It has an ugly history. they mean a black person who does not support black political causes. These were the acceptable terms until the 1960s. N e g r o ('ni: grou) This was an acceptable term from the 1920s to the early 1960s. house burnings. will remind others of the ugliness of racism. It was used in connection with slavery. They still are used by many older people who have not been listening to the news. hatred. spoken by a white person. This word. Today these words sound uneducated. Younger people use the word Negro as a derogatory term. This makes it the most hated word in our language. rape. (Many educated people also avoid the people who use "the N-word.c o l o r e d adjective. at least in many southern states. and all forms of discrimination against African Americans. It is still widely used by older people. prejudice. The word nigger may be used by blacks to mean person: "Who's that nigger over there?" field n i g g e r (vulgar) and field s l a v e (These terms are used by some black activists to describe themselves.) A black person who does not love.

shade.) The nickname hints that the person referred to is "black on the outside. Native American. It includes all non-white people (African. U n c l e T o m (offensive) This is a negative term that African Americans may use for a black person who seems to take sides with white people and reject people of his or her own race. African slaves who worked in the master's house were generally treated better than the slaves who worked in the fields. The slaves who worked in the fields were generally poorly treated.) A black person who takes the white society's point of view. jungle bunny. These terms for black people are very offensive: boogie. An Indlspensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 55 ." p e o p l e of c o l o r (acceptable) This is a rather recent term that has been introduced by political activists. offensive) and h o u s e s l a v e (These terms are used by blacks to refer to certain other black persons. and poor people living within industrialized countries. and Asian). sambo. loved. (An Oreo cookie is a "sandwich" of two chocolate cookies with a white filling between them. p i c k a n i n n y (offensive) A black child. white on the inside. It is used both for "third world" and "oppressed" people-which is to say people from poor. jigaboo. and hated the master. their masters. The house slaves identified with.) O r e o c o o k i e . coon. spook. Latino. spade. (In the times of slavery.h o u s e n i g g e r (vulgar. and in many cases. O r e o ('o:r i: ou) (offensive) A black person who has many or all of the manners and behavior and ways of thinking that a white person has. non-industrialized countries.

Yemeni. it is used as an insult. who proudly use the nickname to mean themselves. However. But Americans do not find it offensive. c i t i z e n (acceptable) Y a n k e e This name is acceptable to most Americans.S. newspapers. The term is often intended as an insult. Saudi or Saudi Arabian. but especially an American. But that term includes Canadians and Mexicans. Egyptian. G r i n g o (Mexican and Southwestern use: derogatory) noun. too. but is usually accepted with good humor by Americans. they call people from he United States North Americans. and state governments. Today it is accepted by the U. adjective. There is no other simple word for the nationality. A y r a b ('ei raeb) (derogatory) An Arab. "Yankee" means "Northerner. and educators to refer to native English-speakers. Any non-Mexican. Jordanian. Iraqi. Moroccan. in the South." and thus. Of course. Tunisian. Now and then people in some other countries use this name in anger. Americans may also call themselves "Gringo" when they are with their Spanish-speaking Mexican friends. Syrian. A white Englishspeaking American. people in Central and South America also are Americans. Palestinian. U. There. It is preferable to use the exact nationality if it is known: Algerian. A n g l o (acceptable) noun.S. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 56 . saying "Yankee go home!" A r a b Cae r9b) (acceptable) A person from any Arabic-speaking country such as Saudi Arabia. Libyan. This term is a derogatory word used by Mexican Americans.A m e r i c a n (acceptable) People in the United States call themselves Americans.

Nepalese. North Korean. Korean or Japanese. It is better to use the specific nationality. use Asian. An tndispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 57 . it is still acceptable. Informal: A person from Eastern Asia: Chinese. Chinese. B r i t (acceptable in informal speech. dink. South Korean. powerful type of person who controls companies." Anglo-Saxon refers to people from northern Europe-English. It shows thoughtlessness to call a person Chinese or Japanese when in fact he or she is not. Vietnamese.A s i a n ('ei 3911) (acceptable) Formal: A person from the continent of Asia. The term often is meant to be derogatory. who was an Irish Catholic. Thai. adjective. and so on." As an adjective in terms such as oriental rug." Some people have found it offensive because it defines others by their geographic relationship to the Europe or the United States. If you use this term. Laotian. sometimes derogatory. Wall Street. Japanese. The image of the WASP is that of a rich. except John F. etc. Dutch. Cambodian. This kept them healthy when they were at sea. Malaysian. A person from the Orient (the Far East). WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant) (slang) "The people in power. When you don't know the specific nationality. The following terms for Asians are all very offensive: gook.) L i m e y ('lai mi) (humorous. slant. Indian. The word is no longer "politically correct. the government. stocks. white. Tibetan. Bengal.) E n g l i s h (acceptable) People from England. German. if known: Afghan. Filipino. well-educated. Kennedy.) This nickname came from British sailors' custom of eating limes. educated people will know you are "out of date. and particularly of England. Pakistani. (The term does not include the Scots and the Welsh. All of the American presidents have been WASP. banks. O r i e n t a l noun. B r i t i s h (acceptable) The people of Great Britain. zip. slope.

These terms for Chinese are offensive: Chinaman. coolie. This term is used by Chinese people from Taiwan to distinguish themselves from Chinese who come from mainland China. It : :fers to an Asian who acts like a white person or takes a "white" point of view. F i l i p i n o (acceptable) A person from the Philippines. C a n u c k (ka 'nAk) (Acceptable in western Canada. T a i w a n e s e (acceptable) A person from Taiwan. The term Bohunk can be offensive. this word is offensive in the northeastern United States. fortune cookie. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 58 . slope.C a n a d i a n (acceptable) A person from Canada. C h i n e s e (acceptable) A person from mainland China. C z e c h (t Jck) (acceptable) A person from the Czech Republic (part of the former Czechoslovakia). • tiinese A m e r i c a n (acceptable) An American citizen of Chinese descent. white on the inside. (Yellow on the outside. Chink. It refers to a Bohemian-a person from Bohemia. Chinee. an area in the Czech Republic.) Canadian or French Canadian. slant.) C u b a n ('kyu ban) (acceptable) A person from Cuba. dink. chopsticks. C u b a n A m e r i c a n (acceptable) An American citizen of Cuban descent. It has been also applied to any Czech. chow. A person of Chinese descent. C u b e (kyu:b) (offensive) A person from Cuba. The term banana is also offensive. Slovak or Hungarian. .

G e r m a n (acceptable) A person from Germany. or of Irish descent. Cambodian. Jerry. I t a l i a n (acceptable) A person from Italy I t a l i a n A m e r i c a n (acceptable) An American of Italian descent. These terms are extremely offensive: slant. f r o g g y (humorous or mildly derogatory) A French person. I n d i a n 1. or of Hungarian descent. (acceptable) A person from India. F r e n c h C a n a d i a n (acceptable) A Canadian citizen of French descent. Laos.F l i p (sometimes offensive) A Filipino. and so forth. frog. Irisher. Hun. These terms may be offensive: Mick. Paddy. I r i s h (acceptable) A person from Ireland. It is preferable to use the exact nationality if you know it: Vietnamese. or Thailand. (becoming unacceptable) A native American. F r e n c h (acceptable) A person from France or of French descent. Thai. Kraut (kraut). H u n g a r i a n (acceptable) A person from Hungary. These terms for German are offensive: Germ. These terms for Hungarian are offensive: Hun. Hunkie. Heinie ('hai ni). Hmong. 2. gook. Laotian. I n d o C h i n e s e (acceptable) A person from Vietnam. Cambodia. f r o g e a t e r . Germy. G e r m a n A m e r i c a n (acceptable) An American of German descent. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 59 .

" people who are working for their rights. spaghetti bender. adjective. Hispanic. adjective. S p i c (derogatory) noun. greaseball. This name includes Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking people of the United States. A Spanish speaker or person of Spanish-speaking descent. H i s p a n i c (his 'pae nik) (acceptable. C h i c a n o (t fi 'ka nou) (acceptable) noun. California. J a p a n e s e (acceptable) A person from Japan. Nip. particularly in Texas. This was once a derogatory word used by English-speakers. by people of Mexican descent who were born in the United States. Eyetalian. Dago. yap. New Mexico. Americans of Mexican descent. This term is preferred by political activists over the older term. adjective. It includes more people. zip. L a t i n o (Latina for a woman) (acceptable) noun. and Arizona. The term implies "activist. slant. A person of Latin American descent. A Spanish-speaking person. but not everywhere) noun. macaroni. Guinea. slope. These terms for Japanese are offensive: Jap. and Central and South America.M a f i o s i Members of an organized crime family or Mafia. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 60 . J a p a n e s e A m e r i c a n (acceptable) An American of Japanese descent. it is extremely offensive. It was adopted as the name they preferred. Wop.) These terms for Italian are also offensive: Dino. (When this term is applied to Italians in general.

Venezuelan. (Puerto Ricans are American citizens. Costa Rican. t a m a l e . t a c o . Dominican. b r a c e r o noun. A person from Puerto Rico. Also. Guatemalan.M e x i c a n A m e r i c a n (acceptable) noun. Uruguayan. Mexican. Ecuadoran. or the term South American.S. Panamanian. N o o y o r r e e c a n Cnu: yo:r 'i: kan) (New York Rican) (Humorous and acceptable in the U. Argentine. Cuban. Or.) A Puerto Rican living in New York. chili eater. Chilean. b e a n e a t e r . although Puerto Rico is not a state.) P. Nicaraguan. adjective. temporary migrant worker from Mexico. Colombian.R." It is better to use the exact nationality if you know it: American. depending on how it is used) A person from Puerto Rico. Paraguayan. Hispanic. Do not say "Spanish person" when you do not mean "a person from Spain. P u e r t o R i c a n (acceptable) noun. Honduran. Spanish-speaker. A person from Spain. A legal. or Bolivian. A person from Puerto Rico. American of Mexican descent. adjective. a person who entered the country unlawfully to work on a farm or to do other menial labor. w e t b a c k noun. adjective. R i c a n (may be acceptable or offensive. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 61 . Peruvian. A very poor person from Mexico who swam the Rio Grande to come to the United States illegally to work. S p a n i s h (acceptable) noun. or Latino.) S p a n i a r d . (less acceptable) noun. (Possibly offensive in Puerto Rico. These terms for Mexicans or Mexican Americans are offensive: Mex. g r e a s e r .

the Montclair Redskins became the Montclair Red Hawks. he mistakenly named the people he met Indians. adjective. R e d s k i n (derogatory) noun. Navajo. literature. A native N e w Yorker was born in New York City. Chippewa. Mohawk. A Native American. use the right one. Examples: Cherokee. As of late 1997. the meaning changes.B r a z i l i a n (acceptable) A person from Brazil. Native American groups have asked the major-league baseball teams the Atlanta Braves and the Cleveland Indians and the major league football team. I n d i a n (less acceptable) noun. n a t i v e A m e r i c a n (acceptable) This word is used to mean a person born in the United States. derogatory) noun. Onondaga. P o r t u g u e s e (acceptable) A person from Portugal. grouping them all together with no distinctions. Since Columbus thought he was in the Indies. An indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 62 . A Native American. for example. Descendants of these original Americans refer to themselves by their own tribal names. The word Indian remains in our language. American-born person is clearer. I n j i n (slang. If you know it. Many college teams with names reflecting Native Americans have changed their names. Dakota. the Washington Redskins to change their names. this had not happened. The term is now ambiguous. It refers to people of a very wide variety of ethnic groups. adjective. N a t i v e A m e r i c a n (acceptable) noun. and popular culture. A person descended from any of the native people who lived in America before Europeans arrived. But when the N is capitalized. n a t i v e (acceptable) A person born in a certain place.

A Native American who is not loyal to his or her race (red on the outside. P o l e (acceptable) A person from Poland. P o l i s h A m e r i c a n (acceptable) An American of Polish descent. Indian woman. savage. The term also means anyone who moves from one home to another frequently without setting down roots in the community. and hair ranging from straight to wavy or curly. R o m a ('rou ma) (acceptable) the name Romany people sometimes call themselves. white on the inside). a p p l e (offensive) noun. This term is also a slang.s q u a w (sometimes offensive) noun. W h i t e (acceptable) A person of European or Middle Eastern descent. affectionate/humorous term for one's wife. Other terms offensive to Native Americans: Indian giver. G y p s y (offensive) The name most well known by others for the Romany. the Czech Republic. P o l i s h (acceptable) adjective. and Slovakia. with light-colored skin. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 63 . buck. P o l a c k (derogatory) R o m a n y ('ra ma ni) (acceptable) A person descended from the traditionally nomadic people from northern India who now live in various European countries—especially Hungary.

dog. the Man. black/Asian. Lsiracial (bai 'rei fal) (acceptable) Having parents of two different races. people indigenous to Europe. P e r s o n of m i x e d p a r e n t a g e (acceptable) Refers to a person whose parents were of different races: black/white. black/native American. not educated. half-caste. southwestern Asia. c r a c k e r (offensive) noun. C r e o l e (acceptable) This term has many different meanings. z e b r a (offensive) Having one black and one white parent. cross-breed. It is also the language of people of African descent from Haiti. vanilla.C a u c a s i a n (ko 'kei 3911) (acceptable. gray. it is a person of French descent in Louisiana. adjective. Mr. p a l e f a c e (derogatory) Used by Native Americans. marshmallow. m u l t i r a c i a l (mAl ti 'rei Jal) (acceptable) Of parents of two or more different races. fay.S. This includes. silk. r e d n e c k (derogatory) noun. An uneducated white person who has many prejudices against other people. Charlie. adjective. M e s t i z o (mes 'ti: zou) (offensive) Having one Indian and one Spanish parent. cracker. white/Asian. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 64 . The following terms are used by African Americans to refer to a white person. w h i t e trash. honky. white girl. or white/Native American. northern Africa. They are derogatory: Charlie.. These words for people having parents of different races are offensive: half-breed. formal) A member of the "White" race. In the U. ofay. chicken lips. w h i t e boy. White Southerner. mongrel. and India. Whitie. pig.

B u d d h i s t ('bu: dist)/('bu dist) (acceptable) A follower of Buddha.h i g h y a l l e r (yellow) (slang. There are more than one hundred denominations (varieties) of Christians in the United States listed in the 1997 World Almanac. in order not to offend others of different religious beliefs. it was acceptable twenty years ago) Of mixed parentage: black and white. l i g h t s k i n (currently acceptable) A light-skinned person of African descent. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 65 . q u a d r o o n (kwa 'drum) (offensive) Person with one grandparent black. C h r i s t i a n (acceptable) A follower of the teachings of Jesus Christ. This list contains the acceptable and not acceptable uses of both spoken and written religious terms. and a member of one of the various sects. Religious names and slurs Americans remind each other to stay away from conversations about religion. a t h e i s t ('ei 0i: ist) (acceptable) A person who believes there is no god. m u l a t t o (mu 'lat ou) (offensive. a g n o s t i c (aeg 'na stik) (acceptable) A person who feels that it is not possible to know whether there is a god or not. one eighth black). offensive) A light-skinned African American. or get into an argument. o c t o r o o n (ak ta 'ruin) (offensive) Person with one great-grandparent black (hence.

founded by Peter. Episcopal. Presbyterian. and so forth. preparing for the end of the world. "rolling on the floor" when the Holy Spirit en+srs them. and live by begging donations from others. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 66 . Reformed Church. Methodist. Jehovah's Witness. J e s u s F r e a k ('dzi: zas fri:k) (offensive) A member of a religious sect that encourages new converts to give up all their attachments to family and earthly belongings. Baptist. S e v e n t h Day Adventist. and many more. A large percentage of the people in this area are Southern Baptists.) J u d a i s m ('dzu: di: i zam) (acceptable) The religion of the Jews. B i b l e t h u m p e r (derogatory) A person with strong Christian beliefs who tries to convince others of his or her right position by quoting the Bible a lot.P r o t e s t a n t ('pra ta stant) (acceptable) A Christian belonging to one of many different branches of Christianity that began after 1615: Lutheran. Pentecostal. (Such as leaving families. c u l t (kAlt) (derogatory) A system of belief that requires unusual behavior on the part of its members. C a t h o l i c CkaeG hk)/('kae 0a lik) (acceptable) A Christian of the older church branch of Christianity. collecting guns and armaments for a showdown with the government. begging for handouts on the street. Christian Scientists. H o l y R o l l e r s (hou li: 'rou tarz) (derogatory) Pentecostal Christians who become very energized during religious services. giving up careers. the chosen first disciple of Jesus Christ. Latter Day Saints (Mormons). B i b l e B e l t e r (offensive) The "Bible Belt" is a wide area across the southern and midwestern states. with strong fundamental Christian beliefs.

J e w (dzu:) (acceptable) noun. A word used by Jews and others for any person who is not a Jew. Ikey. These terms may be used in a derogatory manner: Shagitz A male non-Jew. Hinduism is a religion of northern India. meaning to bargain with someone for a lower price is extremely offensive. Hymie. G o y (noun. Also. A person descended from the early Israelites. d o t h e a d (offensive) An Indian woman who wears a red dot on her forehead. The preferred adjective is Islamic. Jake. Yid. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 67 . often abbreviated JAP (offensive). plural) This is a mildly offensive term used by Jews for non-Jews. Hebe. M o s l e m ('maz lam) Outdated term. with beliefs in reincarnation and a god of many forms. J e w i s h American Princess. adjective. I s l a m ('is lam)/(is 'la:m) (acceptable) noun. singular) G o y i m Cgoi am) (noun. A Jewish girl or woman who thinks she is better than others and deserves expensive things. J e w i s h adjective. Sheeny. Islamic ('iz la mic) adjective. The term to Jew down. Shylock. M u s l i m ('mAZ tam)/('muz torn) (acceptable) A follower of the religion of Islam. schikse (female non-Jew). The word has both ethnic and religious meanings. Jewboy. H i n d u ('hin du:) (acceptable) A believer in Hinduism. The religion founded by Mohammed. a follower of the Jewish religion. the region where Islam is practiced. Mocky. often used as an adjective. H a s i d i m (hae 'si dim) (acceptable) Orthodox Jews who follow religious law very strictly. G e n t i l e ('dzen tad) (acceptable) noun. These names for Jewish people are offensive: Bagel bender.

Jew or Muslim. Many have changed their Christian names to Islamic names. B l a c k M u s l i m noun. or in one of the pre-Christian religions. p a g a n (offensive) A person with no religion. M o o n i e s ('mu: ni:z) (offensive) A member of the Church of Unification. The most famous of these were wellknown sports heroes: Cassius Clay became Mohammed Ali. (acceptable) A term used in the media to describe American blacks who had converted to Islam. h e a t h e n (offensive) A person who is not a Christian. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 68 . non-Muslim. p a g a n ('pei gan) (acceptable) A person who believes in many gods.M o h a m m e d a n A follower of Mohammed. non-Jew. a non-Christian. No longer an acceptable term for Muslim. an uncivilized or unenlightened person. founded by Reverend Sun Myung Moon.

Vietnamese. Italy 6. Greece h. Poland d. Koreans. Japanese. ethnic. What is a term that includes all South and Central Americans? 7. Japan c.Discussion 1. What does saying a racial slur say about the person making the slur? 4. the United States f. Cambodians. China b. What is a term t h a t includes all Chinese. Canada e. Thai. Britain g. What are the acceptable terms for your racial. and Laotians (among others)? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 69 . What is a term that includes all dark-skinned people? 8. What causes people to use racial slurs? Have you had any experiences with people who make racial slurs? 3. and religious groups? 2. Quick Quiz: What do you call people who are born in the following countries? a. What racial and ethnic groups live in your home country? Which group is in the majority? Are minorities treated fairly? Are there racial or ethnic tensions? Are there names for ethnic or racial groups that are very offensive and can cause violence? 5.

Some unfairness is in the law. hundreds of words have been labeled politically incorrect. as in other countries. terms. In the past ten or fifteen years. people in America don't always treat all others fairly. The old name seemed offensive and hurtful. Only a few years ago. politically correct. hold An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 70 . The names taken on by groups of such people for themselves are physically challenged. with narrow eyes. Handicapped and disabled are labels that they have come to hate. People who could not use their legs. pitiful. these words are still in common use by the government. There has also been unfairness to women. but not all. unable to do many ordinary things. Today these individuals are more objectively referred to as people with Down's syndrome. We have already spoken of the unfairness shown to racial. and the elderly. and set them apart from "normal" people." This word made people think of them as poor. For example. Some groups took new names for themselves. A considerate person will no longer use these words. differently abled. These terms acknowledge the difficulties. Many. and unable to work. But the names had "attitudes" along with their meanings. All of these individuals have had a similar facial appearance. people used them without thinking. Speakers and writers are encouraged to use the new. children born with a certain genetic disability used to be labeled Mongoloid idiots. But the terms have the "attitude" that the person has the power to overcome the difficulties. However. Some unfairness is in people's hearts. and religious minorities. Our history is full of change. people with physical differences. were blind or deaf. gay people. They worked to have people become more tolerant of those who are different from themselves. were seen to be "handicapped. The names identified people by their differences. ethnic. But. of them have had very low intelligence. children. This change came from groups of activists who organized to work together to change the laws.The New Taboo: Politically Incorrect Words Fairness is an American ideal. They may be able to have a completely useful life. or were missing any limbs. Using these words in some contexts can be as dangerous as using vulgar language. and handi-capable.

her or him his or her. If you listen to different people speaking. and disability can strike anyone. But women have only recently gained some political equality with men. or hearing aids. This term reminds us that accidents happen. A volunteer will call him within a week. braces. and actually "built into" the English language itself. others using the "traditional" terms. her or his Before 1980: "Anyone who wants help should write his name on the list. Politically Incorrect Politically Correct (When the gender of the person is not known:) he him his he or she. and congressman implied that these jobs were reserved for men only (and they were).) An Indlspensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 71 . using the male pronoun only. The unequal status was in the laws. A volunteer will call him or her within a week. People were referred to as mankind. But they do not need pity. fireman. policeman. Half of the human race is female. Words such as mailman. she or he him or her.down a job." (Now women can be sure they are included. women could not own property. and contribute to the community. Help Wanted columns in the newspapers were divided into two sections. Men and Women. Sometimes their name for others is temporarily able. or manage their own affairs. vote. artificial limbs." Did this include women? Not really. In 1776. The following are some of the major changes that are occurring in the English language." (This was supposed to refer to either a male or a female. him. The pronouns he. It's true that they may need wheelchairs. you will hear some using the "politically correct" terms.) Now: "Anyone who wants help should write his or her name on the list. and his were used for "male or female" when the sex of the person referred to was not known. The Declaration of Independence said "All men are created equal.

write your name on the list. Politically Incorrect fireman policeman mailman salesman chairman congressman Politically Correct fire fighter police officer letter carrier salesperson chair. his or her." Or. chairperson congressperson. A volunteer will call you within a week. A volunteer will call them within a week. but whose gender is uncertain:) Dear Mr. or him or her.Now: To avoid having to repeat he or she. "If you want help." (When referring to the entire human race:) Man mankind humans. human beings human beings (When writing a letter to an unknown person:) Dear Sir or Madam: Dear Person: (When writing to a person whose name you know." Various occupation names have been changed so that they may refer to either men or women." But if you don't know. use the gender-neutral term: "Who is the congressperson from your district'" "Sixty new police officers were hired. Jones: Dear M. Jones: Dear Leslie Jones: Dear Sir: An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 72 ." "Marge Roukema is a congresswoman from New Jersey. you can just switch to the plural or to the second person (you) where the meaning will still be clear: "All those who want help should write their names on the list. representative You can use the specific term when you know the gender of the person: "Steve Roth is a congressman from New Jersey.

Politically Incorrect retarded mentally handicapped slow learner failing student crippled. handicapped dumb fat. elderly senior citizen "experienced" citizen retired person mature Americans golden agers unmarried woman career woman single mom. Rubenesque mature. corpulent overweight old old man. obese. single parent Alzheimer's victim sanitation worker oldster. super homemaker domestic engineer housewife An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 73 . chubby zaftig. plump. old-timer. aged geriatric set old maid unwed mother senile person garbage collector garbageman janitor custodian building caretaker. old woman Politically Correct learning-disabled underachiever physically challenged mute heavy.

and make us wonder if "politically correct" terms will last. insane psychotic. These bring a smile. mental. differently existing An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 74 . and come from single-parent families." Now they have either a single mom or a single dad. disturbed short gay. poor short dead financially challenged vertically challenged biologically challenged.Politically Incorrect Politically Correct girl (for a female over age 18) woman lady woman homo deaf crazy. They have made additional suggestions. Comedians have a lot of fun with people who insist on political correctness. lesbian hearing-impaired dysfunctional compact diminutive petite (female) homeless person bum bag lady broken home single-parent family Children of divorce were often referred to as coming from a "broken home.

cross over the great divide. pass over to the other side. Euphemisms are terms used in order not to cause pain. cemetery final resting-place. pushing up daisies An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 75 ." clear term euphemism die pass away. cash in one's chips slang clear term euphemism slang dead person. stiff clear term euphemism slang graveyard. go to heaven. kick the bucket. six feet under. loved one. succumb. "I was sorry to hear that your grandmother passed away last month. breathe his (or her) last. late lamented. Slang terms are used to defend against the pain. Use the clear term when you are talking about people or events that are not likely to disturb or upset the people you are talking to. memorial park bone orchard.Some human actions are painful to talk about^-such as dying. go to a better world croak. goner. last remains croaker." Use a euphemism to soften the meaning when emotion is recent or close in the family. cadaver dear departed. be called by the Lord. expire. decedent. "George Washington died in 1799. cold storage clear term euphemism slang buried put to rest planted. buy the farm. last home. give up the spirit. pass on. go to meet one's maker. go to one's rest.

How many of the "politically incorrect" terms were you taught in your English textbooks? (How long ago were the textbooks written?) 2. are there pronouns for the different sexes? Is the male pronoun used when the gender of a person is not known? Have there been changes in the use of pronouns in your language? 5. Do you think the changes in English will help people to accept each other? Do you hear people using the new terms? Have you read them in newspapers and books? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 76 . What difference does it make what we call someone? Give examples. Is this kind of label-changing occurring in your native country? 3. 4. In your language.Discussion 1.

and U. He liked to ride a bike to work. too. They lost their self-control. U. It was a "nasty" divorce. at the soldiers. They were good kids. and they believed they were doing the right thing. and "un-American" to the soldiers. The students taunted and cursed the guards. knocked him off his bicycle. and beat him. Even girls screamed abusive terms such as mother fucker. U. what he wished would happen to them. U. This made the angry students sound fierce. Another part was the language the protesters used. had thought that there was freedom of speech in America." (That is. was a fifty-year-old research scientist.M. "That's for the finger. Their job was to keep order. and cock sucker. The guards fired their rifles at the group of advancing students.M. the same car was now parked. The National Guard was called out to preserve the peace. there was an investigation. The language infuriated them. In 1970. thought that the judge was extremely incompetent. They stopped him. he sent postcards to both his ex-wife and the judge.P. Later. who yelled at him to get off the road. was going to have to pay her a lot of his future salary. He "gave them the finger. was a college professor who was getting a divorce from his wife. They left him badly injured by the side of the road. He was riding his bicycle on a highway when a car passed him. in vulgar terms. He was arrested. there were some rough-looking characters. vulgar. however." said the driver.) They drove on. The judge's decision favored the wife.M. In the car. The men were waiting for him. A mile up the road. These young soldiers were good kids. After the divorce. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 77 . and that U. But there is a law against "using the mail to threaten harm to another person. Why did young Americans shoot at and kill other young Americans? Part of the reason was lack of the troops' training. Four students were killed. He wrote. had broken the law.M." The judge decided that the vulgar language was a threat.True Stories of Dangerous English D. hundreds of college students were protesting the war in Vietnam on the college campus of Kent State University in Ohio. and put into jail for eighteen months. he held up his middle finger in a vulgar insult.M.

and Nixon resigned. (Other people were not shocked. the tape recordings were discovered.'s defense lawyer wanted to show that the policeman was a racist who did not like black people. Simpson was a well-known black football player. The tapes were played. the transcript read "expletive deleted. The jury decided that there was a reasonable doubt that this glove was Siripson's. O. Serious crimes were discovered.J. He was investigating the murder of O. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 78 . He lost some of the respect and support he had from religious people. He asked Detective Fuhrman. later.President Nixon tape-recorded everything that he and others said in his office at the White House. A written transcript appeared in the New York Times. and they decided that Simpson had died his wife. Mark Fuhrman was a police detective with the Los Angeles Police Department. Detective Fuhrman said. However. He was capable of trying to make Simpson look guilty. Simpson's home. Some of the words were unprintable. He had lied. The jury found Simpson not guilty.J. J. Nicole Simpson. Wherever the President had said a vulgar word. Many people were very shocked that such language was used in almost every sentence. and her friend Ron Goldman. on the witness stand (where he had promised to tell the truth). a different kind of jury listened to the main facts. that he had never said "the N-word. Fuhrman discovered two bloody gloves-one near the dead bodies and one (Furhman said) at O. They thought that a policeman who said "nigger" was a racist. seemed to prove that he had murdered the two people.) President Nixon was already in trouble. It was a tape of detective Fuhrman saying nigger many times.J. and TV sports commentator. "Did you ever say the N-word?" (nigger). But Simpson could not be sent to jail because he I ad been freed by the first jury. During a Senate investigation of wrongdoing (the Watergate hearings). Simpson's ex-wife. They could only make him pay a huge amount of money to the families of his victims." (vulgar word erased) Most adults could easily imagine which vulgar words the president and his staff had said. plus other strong evidence. because they know that this language is very common among men. But O. The bloody glove. The transcript of his bad language did not help." But someone brought a tape recording and played it for the judge. because they were vulgar. actor.

Jewish people and others were very offended. He had used vulgar language. complimented her body. he had sexually harassed her. 'Iked about his sexual abilities. A former worker in Thomas' office. senators asked him questions about his language and his behavior. This was the beginning of laws against sexual harassment on the job. Thomas was a bad candidate for the Supreme Court. Judge Clarence Thomas was nominated for the Supreme Court of the United States. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 79 . Anita Hill. who was a lawyer.Reverend Jesse Louis Jackson is a black activist and an eloquent speaker. Day after day. The Senate had to approve of his nomination. shown her dirty pictures. Because of this case. went before the committee to complain about him. Later. and invited her on dates. But it was too late. At a private meeting some years before. Reporters learned that he had said that. Hill said that when she worked for Thomas ten years before. Thomas was finally approved as a Justice of the Supreme Court. He apologized. A committee of senators held a hearing about Thomas' abilities and character. They put this on the six o'clock TV and radio news and in the front pages of the papers. The newspapers and TV reports told every detail of the testimony. Many people all over the country thought that if this was true. Jackson said that he did not know that the word Heimie was offensive to Jews. said that she had been afraid to complain. Anita Hill. he had called New York City "Heimie Town. many women began to complain about the way men treated them at work. They called Jesse Jackson anti-Semitic (a person who hates Jews). Jackson lost the support of many Jewish people." He meant that there were many Jewish people living there. But it will be a long time before Americans can forget the things he was accused of. He was a candidate for president in 1988. she claimed.

She said that she did not know that this was offensive. was also a member of the Mafia. was joking and thought it was funny. In your native language. Using the name Allah this way is forbidden in the Muslim religion.L. made a comment about an Italian parent at a meeting of the board of education: "I suppose he'll put out a contract on me. the sports-shoe company had a small design on the back of their new shoes.In one case in San Francisco. I would have given it to him." Nike. was a superintendent of schools in a small town in New Jersey. I got too angry. we're supposed to give the robbers the money.L. her contract was not renewed. so we don't get killed. D. a robber went into a bank to steal some money. "Give me all your fucking money. D. had to make a public apology. He told everyone all over the Islamic countries.000 pairs of shoes." The teller was so upset about hearing the word fucking. He walked up to the female teller and said. "When there's a holdup.L. being Italian. He was hurt so badly that he could not get away. A fundamentalist Muslim saw the design. and Nike promised to destroy 38. Many families in the town were Italian. that she took out the money drawer and hit the robber over the head with it. D. Discussion: 1. For this comment and other reasons." This implied that the parent. The Islamic leaders threatened to boycott Nike if they sold the shoes with the design on them. He shouldn't have used that terrible word.L. It was extremely offensive to the Italian community. they asked the teller why she hadn't just given him the money." said the teller. and the police arrested him. But when he used that terrible word. what dangers have people gotten into? An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 80 . quite a few years ago. "It's the bank's policy. There was a big protest. Later. and would hire someone to kill her for disagreeing with him. This design looked like the word Allah in Arabic. What stories can you tell about your own encounters with Dangerous English? 2. D.

The Human Body An Indispenslble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 81 . check the Definitions Section. All of the words in each group are synonyms.Dangerous Synonyms and Related Words In this section. To learn more about each word and how it is used. but each also has its own social class and "attitude." People react differently to the different words. Each refers to the same thing. you'll see the wide variety of terms t h a t a single sexual body part or act might have.

duff. lawn. culo. down there. shit hole An Indispenslble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 82 . private parts. rectal opening rim. fuzz Formal: rectum General Use: rectum. poop chute ass hole. gluteus maximus General Use: buttocks Euphemism: behind. bush (female). lower cheeks. -• hair . loins. tushie. natural parts. wool. fundament. bowel. brown eye. privates.Formal: buttocks pubic . crab ladder. groin. duster. posterior. buns. caboose. hind end. bottom. urogenitals General Use: sex organs Euphemism: crotch. brush. derriere. rug. genitalia. lower bowel Formal: Slang: Vulgar: anus. moon. stern. back door. tokus Children's Words: heinie. tail Vulgar: ass. arse Formal: Slang: pubic hair beard. coolie Slang: bum. grass. mustache. butt.t . blind eye. secret parts Formal: buttocks. short hairs. rear end seat. fur.' \><( rectum anus pubic area. garden. can. hams. tush. the groin area.

snake. "it. zipper monster Formal: foreskin penis (uncircumcised) testicles. Words: peter Slang: banana. Johnson. dipstick. short arm. 'nads (gonads). pickle. pork. dick. lap lizard." / head you-know-what Children's thing. bicho. shaft. sugar stick. schlong. doodle. prick. joint. tool. thing. cohones. stones Formal: An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 83 . testicles Rocky Mountain oysters Vulgar: balls. cock. shaft— member. hammer. (circumcised) male member. male organ General Use: penis penis Euphemism: apparatus. ramrod. carrot. root. cue stick. meat. knob. wick. pipe. Slang: family jewels. John Henry. nuts. trouser trout Vulgar: bone. whang. testes. bald-headed hermit. dork. bird. peter. joystick. baloney. horn. dingus. wanger. cucumber. putz.The Human Body: Male penis. pecker. pee pee. male gonads General Use: testicles Euphemism: delicate parts of the anatomy scrotum Children's bailies Words: apples. knockers. one-eyed worm. equipment. rocks.

pillows.semen. milkers. mammary glands General Use: breasts Euphemism: bosom. bazonkers. coconuts. front aureola Children's Words: Slang: breath Vulgar: bubbies. boulders. bust. Milky Way. jizz Formal: sperm (ejaculation) The Human Body: Female Formal: breasts. tits An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 84 . peaches. seminal fluid. beauts. jism. headlights. tonsils. hemispheres. cream. jugs. chest. titties apples. lungs. melons. spermatozoa General Use: semen. hooters. cum. balloons. teats. watermelons boobs. sperm Euphemism: seed Slang: love juice Vulgar: come. boobies. pair. knockers.

chocha. manhole. beaver. box. pot fallopian tube famile reproductive organs vagina. private parts Vulgar: ass. meat. clit. birth canal. snatch. hair pie. pussy. hole. labia minora General Use: vagina. muff. piece. cunt. vulva. tummy oven. twat Formal: female genitalia An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 85 .Formal: General Use: Euphemism: Children's Words: Slang: uterus uterus. bearded clam. slit. labia majora. birth canal Euphemism: down there. crack. womb stomach belly. mound.

lounge. doody. used-beer department Vulgar: crapper. restroom. stool bowel movement B. shitter -flush handle Formal: General Use: Euphemism: feces. smallest room. turds. doo (dogs or cats) a a. waste material.. throne. ladies' (men's) room. number two poop. doodoo. girl's room Slang: altar. lavatory. dirt. boy's room. logs shit Children's Words: Slang: Vulgar: An Indispensibie Guide to Dangerous English 2000 86 . crap. poozie. fecal matter. shithouse. library. John. tea room. poopoo. plumbing. washroom Children's Words: potty. can. head. toilet Euphemism: (in public places): comfort station.In the Bathroom Formal: sanitary facilities General Use: bathroom. ca ca. the facilities. powder room.M. throne room. excrement.

take a dump. the shits An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 87 . the trots. have a bowel movement. Vulgar: take a crap. see a man about a horse crap. ca ca. shit. eh eh. dump a load. poopoo. number two. Montezuma's revenge. touristas Hershey squirts. use the facilities. pinch a loaf. move one's bowels. take a shit Formal: Formal: General Use: Slang: Vulgar: diarrhea diarrhea. make. make. dump. evacuate General Use: have a bowel movement Euphemism: go to the bathroom. go. doody.defecate. poop. eliminate Children's Words: go. the quickstep. or do: a a. loose bowels the runs. doodoo. poozie Slang: feed the fish.

pass gas Euphemism: pass wind. be irregular. cut a fart. buck snort. blocked up Vulgar: shitting a brick Formal: be flatulent. can't ca ca Slang: stuck. blow one. let out a whiffer. let one out.D. blow the horn. expel gas General Use: expel gas. rip one Formal: An Indlspensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 88 . let out a stinker. let out an S. cut one. beep. be irregular Euphemism: irregularity. poop Slang: back talk. unable to go Children's Words: can't poop.constipation. be constipated General Use: constipation. winder. toot Vulgar: blow a fart. (silent but deadly). go oops. fart.B. break wind Children's Words: make poops.

have the painters in. drain a vein. wet Slang: check the plumbing. make a river. water the lilies (or bushes) Vulgar: leak. water one's pony menstruate (women only) Formal: General Use: have one's period Euphemism: that time of month. or make: number one. pee. pass water. take a piss. piddle. wee wee go potty. have one's Slang friend. have a visit from Aunt Minnie Vulgar have the rag on. make a pit stop. go. be unwell (out dated). "those days" have the curse (out dated). go pishie. void General Use: urinate Euphemism: answer nature's call. pee pee. make water. go to the bathroom. shake hands with a friend. check the sandbox.Formal: urinate. take a leak. be riding the cotton pony An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 89 . tinkle. relieve oneself Children's Words: do. empty one's bladder. piss. pish.

have a hard on. have a boner. do the dirty deed. be erect General Use: be aroused. score An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 90 . have carnal knowledge of. be hot to trot. get down with. be ready Slang: be hot. be excited be in the mood. make love. be excited Euphemism: be in the mood. have contact with. get it on. engage in sexual intercourse General U s e : have (sexual) relations. be turned on be horny. have coitus. be ready be juicy. play "hide the sausage. be wet. get with. sleep with. be intimate with. go all the way. get some action. know. be hard. have the hots. have some. get a little. be stiff. jump one's bones. couple. be hot to trot. be turned on Vulgar: be horny. do it. have lead in one's pencil. make (a person). have (sexual) intercourse." roll in the hay. enjoy each other. be ready for Freddy Formal: copulate (with). make it with.In the Bedroom have an erection. be interested. be hot and bothered. play fun and games. have a bone on Formal: erection Formal: General Use: Euphemism: Slang: Vulgar: be lubricating be aroused. be interested. mess around. possess Slang: diddle. mate (with) Euphemism: go to bed with. have sex.

bang. screw. shaft. get some ass. schtup. have an orgasm Euphemism: be satisfied. get into someone's pants. get some poon tang. get one's nuts off. tear off a piece Formal: achieve orgasm. ejaculate (male) G e n e r a l Use: have a climax.Vulgar: ball. shoot off. cum. get some nookie. get laid. lay. get one's end wet. give a shot. fuck. get one's rocks off. shoot one's wad An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 91 . reach a sexual climax. get a piece of ass. get some pussy. frig. finish Slang: cream. drop one's load. hump. get one's ashes hauled Vulgar: come. drop one's cookies. dip (or wet) one's wick.

beat off. soixante-neuf (French) Vulgar: blow. play with oneself. fellatio (mouth to male genitals). suck cock. abuse oneself Slang: diddle. fuck one's fist. go muff-diving. flog one's dong. suck dick Formal: An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 92 . suck. (both sexes). jerk off. choke the chicken. have hair pie. whack off. yank off (all male uses) Formal: oral-genital sex. cunnilingus (mouth to female genitals) General Use: oral sex Euphemism: go down on Slang: sixty-nine. jack off. give head.masturbate (male or female) General U s e : masturbate (male or female) Euphemism: satisfy oneself. give a blow job. eat. see Madam Hand and her five daughters Vulgar: beat the meat. give face.

Formal: General Use: Euphemism: Slang: Vulgar:

anal sex, sodomy anal sex the Greek way use the back door, go up the old dirt road ass-fuck, bugger, use the shit chute

Formal: impregnate General Use: make pregnant Euphemism: get with child, get a girl in trouble (if unmarried) Slang: plant a watermelon seed in her belly Vulgar: knock up

Formal: pregnant, gestating General U s e : pregnant Euphemism: great with child, in a family way, expecting a child Slang: preggers, swallowed a watermelon seed, have one in the oven, cooking one in the pot uterus Vulgar: knocked up
placenta umbilical cord

fetui

birth canal

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Formal: contraception, (use) contraceptive devices General Use: (use) birth control, spermicidal jelly tube Euphemism: be safe, be careful, (take) preventive measures, (take) precautions Slang: make the playground safe for play

Formal: General Use: Euphemism: Slang: Vulgar:

condom, prophylactic condom safety, pro baggie, diving suit, envelope, French letter, glove, helmet, overcoat, raincoat, rubber scum bag

diaphragm Formal: Euphemism: protection Slang: rubber cookie, catcher's mitt

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On the Street

Formal: heterosexual General Use: heterosexual Slang: straight

Formal: homosexual (either sex), lesbian (female) General Use: gay (either sex), homosexual (male), lesbian (female) Euphemism: the third sex, "hairdresser," "decorator" (derogatory:) homo, neuter gender, person Slang: of indeterminate gender, queer, queen, fairy, fruit, pansy (derogatory, female:) butch, dyke, bulldyke, lezzie, sugar plum fairy, fag, faggot cocksucker, buggerer (male), dick smoker, Vulgar: fudge packer, pickle chuggler, salami smuggler (all derogatory)

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Formal: prostitute General Use: prostitute, street walker, call girl Euphemism: lady of the night, lady of easy virtue Slang: flesh peddler, harlot, hooker, hustler, tart, paid lady, princess of the pavement, working girl Vulgar: ass peddler, cunt-for-sale, slut, ho, whore

Formal: General Use: Euphemism: Slang:

male prostitute (heterosexual) gigolo escort service midnight cowboy

Formal: General use: Euphemism: Slang: Vulgar:

male prostitute (homosexual) hustler "on the street" chicken, retail queen slut, rental unit

Formal: hou s e of prostitution General Use: house of prostitution, brothel Euphemism: bordello, disorderly house, house of ill repute, house of pleasure, joy house, massage parlor, red-light district Slang: bawdy house, cat house, flesh market, meat house, sporting house Vulgar: fuckery, fuck house, whore house

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Dangerous People: Perverts and Perversions A perversion is a sexual act that is not "normal. people object to laws that reach into their private bedrooms. In some states. there are also civil laws. not forced) should be free to engage in any sex practice they choose in the privacy of their bedrooms. They feel that "consenting adults" (consenting = giving permission freely. But sex practices that harm children or nonconsenting adults are considered serious crimes by everyone. Today. Deviation bestiality buggery exhibitionism fetishism molestation masochism necrophilia pederasty pedophilia rape sadism sado-masochism sodomy transvestism voyeurism Deviant buggerer exhibitionist/flasher fetishist molester/child molester masochist necrophiliac pederast pedophile rapist sadist sado-masochist sodomist transvestite (TV) voyeur/peeping Tom An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 97 . Definitions of the terms below are given in the Definitions Section on pages 109 to 195." There are religious rules against "non-normal" sex practices.

or running hurdles. Some women experience P. It passes through the fallopian tubes to the uterus.S. (Premenstrual Syndrome) for a few days before their period. They feel bloated. She begins to menstruate and to develop secondary sex characteristics: breasts.se these body changes. headache. There is a hymen (a thin membrane) that partly covers the opening to the vagina. Toxic shock syndrome is a rare. and an irregular cycle. Problems that some women have are heavy flow. she may insert a tampon into the vagina. Or. a girl is a virgin. It can be caused by bacteria that build in the vagina. volleyball. A high fever. but very dangerous. The female hormones-estrogen and progesterone-cau. medically correct terms. and other symptoms may occur. and irritable. hair in the pubic and underarm regions.Dangerous English Goes to the Doctor This section contains formal. Sometimes it will tear before this if the girl is active in such sports as tennis. Each month. dizziness. and menstruation occurs. menstrual cramps. Before her first sexual experience. and out of the vagina. Females A girl enters puberty between the ages often and fifteen. A woman will use a sanitary napkin to absorb the menstrual flow. The thick lining of the uterus is released. These are the terms you will need to understand and may use when speaking with a doctor. and wider hips. This can happen when a woman leaves a tampon in too long. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 98 . The woman says she is having her period. This will stretch or tear during her first sexual intercourse. condition. an ovum (egg) leaves the ovary.M. crampy.

or other natural forms of birth control (which are usually less effective). If the patient does not want to use artificial birth control for any reason. spermicidal foam. the doctor will explain the rhythm method. a change in diet. a urinalysis. He or she may check for a sexually transmitted disease (STD). and check for vaginal itch. The doctor may also do a Pap Smear. or a douche. and may recommend medication. fallopian tube An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 99 . a diaphragm. or an intrauterine device work. she can discuss birth control with the gynecologist. vaginal discharge. The doctor can also teach the woman how to do a breast self-examination to feel for lumps that might be cancerous.A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in treating conditions of women's reproductive organs. The doctor will explain how birth-control pills. The doctor will explain that douching is not effective. A visit to the gynecologist will include a breast examination and a pelvic examination. or other signs of vaginitis. When a girl or woman becomes sexually active. nor is coitus interruptus (withdrawal during intercourse).

They say abortion is murder. After the baby is born. the only 100% effective methods of birth control are abstinence and sterilization. she may think about "having her tubes tied. This is an operation to remove the baby from the uterus. it is only part of the woman's body. the doctor may decide to do a caesarian section. If a woman has already had several children." The other group of people feel that human life begins when a baby can live outside the mother. If a woman's ovum is fertilized by her partner's sperm. Labor contractions begin when the baby is ready to be born. Before that. Another early sign of pregnancy may be "morning sickness. If a woman experiences painful intercourse. and assists at the baby's delivery. Groups of people are trying to influence the government's policies." Arguments between these groups of people have been very fierce in some cases. it begins to grow. and shootings of doctors and receptionists who work at the clinics. which may or may not be her first sign that she is pregnant. Some women prefer to give birth to a baby at home. Then the ova (eggs) cannot reach the uterus. An obstetrician is a doctor who cares for women during pregnancy. They are "Pro Choice." The fetus. They say the woman has the right to choose what to do with her own body. or unborn child. There have been bombings of abortion clinics. or An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 100 . the doctor may advise a lubricant. If the birth is very difficult. There is a lot of disagreement about this. they say. the mother may breast-feed her baby. One in six pregnancies ends in miscarriage. They are anti-abortion and "Pro Life. One group feels that human life begins at conception. It then attaches itself to the lining of the uterus. A midwife is a person who is trained to help with homebased deliveries. such as K-Y Jelly™. usually will gestate for nine months. The woman misses her period." This is called a tubal ligation. The law allows a woman to end her pregnancy with a medical abortion during the early months.So far. Most gynecologists are also obstetricians. The fallopian tubes either are cut or they are closed and sealed.

and then stop. Postmenopausal bleeding can be serious. A woman's childbearing ability may end around age forty-five to fifty. A mammography is a special kind of X-ray for breast cancer. The gynecologist cleans the lining of the uterus. or removal of the uterus by surgery. She may do Kegel exercises to strengthen the muscles in her vagina. Women also may have endometriosis. Fibrocystic breast conditions are normal in many mature women. If cancer exists. or hormone treatments for difficulties that may come with menopause. Some doctors recommend estrogen replacement therapy. They may be painful. Other doctors prescribe natural herbs to deal with hot flashes. These may make her feel as though someone just turned up the heat. Some other concerns of women are intermittent bleeding. The doctors there may recommend artificial insemination. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 101 . staining.bottle-feed it. She undergoes menopause. doctor before deciding what to do). or the use of a sperm donor. a woman may need a mastectomy (removal of the breast) or a lumpectomy (removal of the lump or tumor). Her ovaries stop producing estrogen. and hormonal imbalances. or even a third. Women are advised to always get at least a second opinion (that is. A married couple who are unable to conceive may go to an infertility clinic. and even confused with cancer. Sometimes all that is needed is a "D and C" (dilation and curettage)." Her periods become irregular. and painful ovulation. There may be a need for a hysterectomy. burning during urination. or the "change of life. consult a second. She may have hot flashes.

His voice gets deeper. Testosterone causes the boy's body to change. Other doctors say the penis is easy to clean. A young boy starts to become an adult between ages eleven and sixteen. For special cases a man might go to a urologist. he will need to wear a jock strap or a protective cup to avoid injury to his genitals. This operation is becoming less popular. and in the pubic area. A boy's testes produce the male hormone. Doctors in favor of circumcision say that it makes it easier to clean the baby's penis.Males Today. or blood in the semen. They may cause pain again when they pass from the bladder through the urethra. circumcision has a religious meaning. kcatheter may be needed when there is difficulty urinating. so there is no need for circumcision. The circumcision is a ceremony. A cystoscope allows a doctor to look into the bladder. Parents are asking: Why is it necessary to hurt a child? Why take away something he was born with? In Jewish families. infection can result. A urologist specializes in treating the urogenital tract. are circumcised a few days after birth. When a boy plays in sports. called testosterone. At night he may have nocturnal emissions ("wet dreams"). This means that part of the foreskin of the penis is cut off. If it is not cleaned off. to dedicate the boy to God.S. A family doctor can treat many medical conditions of men. His muscles grow larger. or too-frequent urinating. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 102 . Male problems may include difficulty urinating. This goes through the urethra to the bladder. These kidney stones may cause pain when they are passed from the kidneys to the bladder. many baby boys in the U. He begins to have the secondary sex characteristics of males. blood in the urine. A beard begins to grow on his face. Small stones can form in the kidneys. Smegma collects under the foreskin. Hair grows under his arms. called a bris. This time is called puberty. on his chest.

tfas defere rectum foreskin nus testes (2) (also. Men are more likely to get hernias than are women. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 103 . or suddenly during heavy lifting or straining. Self-examination of the testicles (TSE) is recommended to detect small lumps early. There is a weak place in the groin (crotch). Epididymitis or orchitis are painful infections of the scrotum that require immediate treatment.A strange discharge from the penis may mean infection or be a symptom of a sexually transmitted disease. Ahydrocoele is a fluid-filled sac that may form in the scrotum. Hernias can develop either slowly. A straddle injury occurs when the testicles have been hurt from either a fall or a kick in the groin. "Jock itch" is a fungus in the pubic region. An undescended testicle is a problem that may need surgery or hormone treatments. Occasionally a testicle does not descend before birth. testicle) A hernia occurs when a part of the intestine breaks through a thin part of the lining of the abdominal wall.

This condition stops him from having an erection so he cannot complete the sex act. The doctor may recommend an appointment with a sex therapist. Common conditions and complaints of the rectum and anus are: constipation. A penile implant is a device inserted in the penis." He experiences premature ejaculation if he comes to orgasm before he wants to. hard stools. contractions push the fecal matter out through the anus. hemorrhoids.A man may have sexual difficulties. The anus may develop painful fissures. the prostate. bloody stools. When the rectum is full. straining at stool. The anus has sphincter muscles that keep it closed until they relax during the act of defecation. during sex. If a couple cannot conceive a child. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 104 . In recent years. It is the subject of jokes. colo-rectal cancer. he can check the prostate gland. diarrhea (loose. Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate. irritable-bowel syndrome (spastic colon). soft stools. A man may have decreased libido. the waste material passes from the colon and is stored in the rectum. Priapism is a disease condition causing the penis to stay in a state of erection. Sterility in a man may be caused by a low sperm count. Either the man or the woman may be sterile. but is really a painful condition. He may ask the doctor about impotence. so he can engage in sexual intercourse. cramps (pain). runny stools). flatulence (gas). colitis. black stools. or have "performance anxiety. The urologist may do a rectal examination. This will cause an ejaculation. The doctor who treats problems of the rectum and elimination is a proctologist. they may have fertility problems. the sperm count of the average male has decreased by 30%. He may massage. and anal pain. anal itching. This way. nJales and Females After digestion. This can help a man have an erection.

flexible instrument into the rectum.buttocks To diagnose some conditions. the doctor may do a sphygmoidoscopy. medication. He or she may also test the stool for blood. Recommendations may be high-fiber diets. stool softeners. in order to look inside the colon. or surgery. This means inserting a long. and rectal prolapse (an intrusion of the rectum through the anus). Other problems may be rectal polyps (small growths in the lining of the rectum). fistula rectocele. Proctitis is an infection of the rectum. sitz baths. There are several causes. anal or rectal fissures (cracks in the skin). An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 105 . but it may be sexually transmitted through anal intercourse. Another test the doctor may do is take X-rays after the patient has had a barium enema.

trying on others' bathing suits. A parasite called trichomonas is also sexually transmitted. a very painful infection of the testicles. It can also be spread from toilet seats. However. Herpes is a virus that affects about one-fourth of the adult sexually-active population. Doctors recommend using a condom during intercourse to prevent STDs. urethra. arthritis. Some forms of STD are not curable. (Fortunately. There are several kinds of herpes virus. Urination will feel painful. and the urine will be cloudy. An infected person will want to urinate often. which may bring on sterility in women. som . These are called sexually transmitted diseases. It affects between four million and ten million men and women every year.) The first symptom is a hard lump around the genitals that becomes an open sore. or vagina. If it is not treated.Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD's) There are more than twenty common diseases spread by sexual contact. When an STD is diagnosed. The symptoms of gonorrhea are a thick creamy discharge of white or yellow pus from the penis. It can cause pelvic inflammatory disease. so syphilis can be a silent killer. If it is not treated it can enter the heart. It may be detected by blood tests. Herpes sores can appear on the mouth or on the genitals. Abstinence will prevent most STDs. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 106 . Genital herpes can be spread through sexual contact. But not everyone gets the sore. or sharing a hot tub. using someone's towel or washcloth. and other vital organs. Syphilis is a dangerous STD that used to kill many people. and infections of the heart and brain. Many states require blood tests for syphilis before granting a marriage license. In men. gonorrhea can cause infertility. A common infection transmitted sexually is Candida. of them can be spread in other ways. it may result in epididymitis. or STD's. one large dose of antibiotics can stop it. A half-million men and women get it every year. both partners need to be treated. also called a yeast infection. the brain. The most common STD is chlamydia. Another name for some of them is venereal disease (VD).

This virus can be spread through sexual contact. A wart is a small hard bump on the skin.AIDS is caused by the HIV virus. sharing a towel or the same bed with a person who has them. People have also gotten HIV from blood transfusions in hospitals. commonly called crabs. can be spread through sexual contact. especially anal sex. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 107 . It can also be spread by drug users who share needles. trying on others' bathing suits. too. Genital warts can be spread through sexual contact. Babies of mothers with AIDS usually are born with the virus. You can also get them from a toilet seat. Pubic lice. A person may not know he or she has them until after several weeks of itching and scratching.

What does the star (*) before certain words mean? Some words have only a dangerous meaning. (One researcher found over 1. the meaning of words depends on the context of the conversation. (Women are likely to know fewer of these words than men. and to expressions that include these words. For example. These are words that are commonly known by many Americans in most parts of the country. a standard dictionary gives twenty-eight meanings for the word head. If you don't already know the common meaning of the word. you may look it up in a standard dictionary or your bilingual dictionary.Dangerous Definitions and Sample Sentences Stop! You will find this section easier after you learn the formal words that are illustrated on pages 81-97. or vulgar word for sexual or toilet activities. An angry person will find angry meanings even when the speaker intended to be funny or friendly.200 words for sexual intercourse alone!) We have chosen over 800 of the words and expressions you are most likely to hear. Remember also that the listener is the person who decides what words mean to him or her. to toilet acts and functions. Those words that have additional meanings that we do not refer to here are marked with the (*). slang. In this book. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 108 . Many definitions here will refer to those correct terms.) Be careful: Not all of the meanings of the words are dangerous. In a book of this size. We include only the meanings that are related to sex. or need to use. Words that are said with affection or humor can mean something very different from the same words spoken in anger. You probably know many of the meanings. we explain only the sex-related slang and vulgar meanings. Remember. we cannot include every medical. We do not have the space to give every possible meaning for each word. Other words have both dangerous and safe meanings.

euphemism.* a b s t i n e n c e ('aeb sti nans) noun. and adulterous are not related in meaning to the word adult. a d u l t e r e s s (a 'dAl tres) noun." *adult (a 'dAlt) adj. "Our three-year-old daughter is toilet-trained." "Mrs. legal. adulteress. From the verb abstain (to choose not to have or do something. Bisexual. C. ('ei si: 'di: si:) adj. When the word adult is used in the expressions adult bookstore. adulterer. or criminal. but the other two were accidents. At least one of the p a r t n e r s is married to someone else. "Our first child was planned. formal. A woman who commits adultery. /d. (Adult education does not have this meaning!) a d u l t e r y (a ' d A 1 ta ri) noun. adultery is a sin. a d u l t e r o u s (3 'dAl tar as) adj." 2. formal. 1. For people over eighteen years of age." * a . This is said of a person who has sexual relations with both men and women.c. It's about sex.c. formal. An unplanned baby. and general use. and adult entertainment. The words adultery. c / d . it has the meaning: for adults only. Sexual intercourse between a man and a woman who are not married to each other. (The reference is to two different kinds of electrical current: alternating current and direct current. formal and general use.) "Kay is a. A bowel movement or urinating in one's pants. "Schools teach abstinence as the only sure way to avoid pregnancy. wanted a divorce because her husband had committed adultery. formal." *accident ('aek si dant) noun. adult movies. "In the Christian religion. A person who commits adultery." a d u l t e r e r (a 'dAl ta rar) noun. A * words with additional meanings not listed 109 . slang euphemism. The word includes the judgment that the act is wrong. slang. "Does adulterous behavior make a man unfit to be President?" asked Marcie. Not having sexual relations. A failure of birth control. c . but she has an accident now and then. euphemism.

particularly anal intercourse. with no clothes on. slang." AIDS (eidz) noun. (see) 2. A man or woman who has casual sexual relations with many people. *altogether. HIV is spread through unprotected sex. It is caused by the HIV virus." *altar ('ol tar) noun. while a female animal is spayed." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous E n g l i s h 2000 110 .K. or farm animal so it cannot reproduce. necking." A. To remove the sex glands (testicles or ovaries) of a cat." or a "dirty old man" who likes to flirt with or romance pretty young women. alte koche. euphemism. This disease weakens a person. through sharing hypodermic needles. A sexual relationship between a man and a woman who are not married to each other. and petting (touching the genitals). general use. dog.*affair (a 'fear) noun. in the (in da oil ta 'ged ar) phrase. Naked. A male animal is castrated. A Yiddish expression that means "old shitter. "Sheila took off h e r wet clothes and stood by the fire in the altogether. Euphemism commonly used by teenagers. slang. Euphemism for the vulgar term ass-kisser. "Nick was a real alley cat before he got married. Auto-Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Halfway may mean kissing. "We had our cat altered. euphemism. *alley cat ('ae li: 'kaet) noun. 1. To go "all the way" means to have complete sexual intercourse. so he or she may easily die from other diseases. as drug addicts might do. The word does not carry a judgment of right or wrong. vulgar. "Babies born to mothers with AIDS also have the HIV virus. The toilet. so she never went all the way with a boy. A disease. and through transfusions of AIDS-contaminated blood during surgery." *all the w a y ('o:l da 'wei) adverbial phrase. but he's been faithful to his wife since then. "Amy had many affairs before she got married. *alter ('al tar) adverbial phrase. (ei kei) noun. formal and general use. "Clara was afraid of sex." Synonym: neutered.

(Not homosexual. The anus. "Bob is the biggest ass-kisser I know. Backwards. George. "The feces (digestive waste material) are pushed out of the body through the anus" a n a l s e x ('ei nal 'seks) noun. The vagina. A stupid person." "Some men get aroused when they see bare breasts. general use. The exit hole of the rectum.. "Those ass holes down in Washington are ruining the country!" he complained.h o l e b u d d y ('aes houl 'bAd i) noun.K. Cause someone to become sexually excited. I can't understand what to do. a male donkey. adverb. 2. a s s (aes) noun." a s s . good marks. A. formal. ' words with additional meanings not listed 111 . "These directions are all ass-backwards. vulgar. as the term might make you think.b a c k w a r d s ('ass baek wardz) adj. a s s ." Also. 2. A person who is overly nice to a boss. teacher." a r s e (airs) noun. although many people will no longer use it in polite company. He's always telling the boss what a great boss he is." "Hank does everything ass-backwards. or favors. The buttocks.) "Roger. or supervisor. A very close friend. Sexual intercourse in the anus.a n u s ('ei nas) noun. Also bass ackwards. This is a short form of the word jackass. This use of the word is not vulgar. 1. and Sam and I were ass-hole buddies all through college. * a r o u s e (a 'rauz) verb. A foolish person." a s s h o l e ('aes houl) noun. formal and medical use. 4. vulgar. The rectum. He or she wants special privileges. vulgar. general use. vulgar. a s s . vulgar. The anus. 3. vulgar. "Rita's gentle kisses aroused Marty. There are many expressions that include the word ass. a s s noun.k i s s e r ('aes kis ar) noun. The buttocks. all mixed up. Done in a confused way. 1.

b a r e .a s s . Tb get organized. A stupid person. 1. in finding new sex partners. 1. vulgar.a s s e d ('haef aest) adj. "L. With no clothes on. vulgar. A prostitute (male or female)." "He opened the dressing-room door and caught her bare-assed. 'bear aest) adj. To hurry. b a r e . came to the big city to become an actress. vulgar. and in talking about his sexual adventures. vulgar. "How did I ever hire such a half-assed worker?" h a u l a s s (ho:l 'aes) verb phrase. "We made a lot of mistakes at first. lazy.w i p e ('aes waip) noun.a s s e d ('bear aes. vulgar. we got results." b u s t o n e ' s a s s (bASt WAIIZ 'aes) verb phrase. To work very hard to accomplish a goal. Avery stupid person.a s s m a n ('aes maen) noun." An Indlspenslble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 112 . A man who is constantly interested in sex. 1. vulgar. vulgar. A man who finds the buttocks to be the most sexually attractive part of a woman or man. Stupid. a s s p e d d l e r ('aes ped tar) noun. "Who did this half-assed job?" yelled the boss. Toilet paper. Completely naked. "D. d u m b a s s ('dAm aes) noun phrase. g e t one's a s s in g e a r (get wAnz 'aes in gisr) verb phrase. 1. vulgar." h a l f . 2. inefficient manner. I'll bust your assl" shouted the angry mother to the child. "If you do that again. Done in a sloppy. but as soon as we got our ass in gear. "It's ten to eight. 2. 2. but she wound up being an ass peddler" a s s . busted his ass to finish the job before Friday." 2. we'd better haul ass if we want to get there on time. To peddle one's ass is to sell sexual services. vulgar. Punish by forcefully spanking the buttocks. "The boys went swimming bare-ass.

h a v e l e a d in one's ass (haev 'led in WAnz 'aes) verb phrase, vulgar. To be very slow-moving. (Lead is a very heavy metal.) "Hurry up, Joe! What's the matter-you got lead in your ass?" "Get the lead out of your asses, boys; we've got to finish this job by 5 p.m." kick ass (kik 'aes) verb phrase, vulgar. To get tough; to threaten people; to demand results or rapid work. "A construction foreman has to be able to kick ass when it's necessary." a s s , to kiss (kis 'aes) verb, vulgar. To continually compliment and do favors for a superior, hoping for a promotion, good marks in class, or special favors. "You don't have to know anything in Professor Bruce's class. All you have to do is kiss ass: Tell him how interesting his course is." not k n o w one's ass from one's e l b o w (nat nou W A n z aes frAm W A n z 'el bou) verb phrase, vulgar. To be unaware, stupid, uninformed, ignorant. "How can Charlie be t h e supervisor of t h a t company? He doesn't know his ass from his elbow." (Also: ...from a h o l e in the ground.) p a i n in the ass (pein in da 'aes) noun, vulgar. 1. Avery irritating person or problem. "That neighbor is a real pain in the ass. She never stops complaining." 2. Something that is very annoying. "That job was a pain in the ass. There were many small parts that had to be fixed." p i e c e of ass (pi:s av 'aes) noun, vulgar. 1. An act of sexual intercourse. (Here, ass here means vagina.) "Karl went around to all the bars looking for a piece of ass." 2. A woman, regarded as a sexual object only. "Donna looks like a great piece of ass to me," said Ed.

* words with additional meanings not listed

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Shove it up your ass! Up your ass! Up yours!
(JAV it Ap yar 'aes;'AP ysr 'aes;'Ap 'yurz) Angry statements, vulgar. They may refer to someone's argument, apology, merchandise, gift, advice, or complaint. Also: Stick it up your ass; Shove it. "You know what you can do with it" is a euphemism for "Shove it up your ass." s m a r t - a s s ('smairt aes) noun, vulgar. 1. A person who acts as if he or she knows everything; a "know-it-all." 2. A sarcastic person. Also, wise-ass. "Jeff is a real smartass." t i g h t - a s s ('tait aes) noun, vulgar. A person who is overly concerned with correct behavior, small details, and following the rules as carefully as possible. He or she may also be stingy, emotionally cold, and prudish. "Professor Lawson is a real tight-ass. He asks questions about the smallest details; no one ever gets an 'A in his course." You b e t y o u r s w e e t a s s (yu: 'bet yar swi:t 'aes) vulgar expression. You can be sure of it. "Are you going to ask for your money bad ?" asked Jose. "You bet your sweet ass I am," said Derek. a t h l e t i c s u p p o r t e r (aeO 'le tic ss 'po:r tar) noun. euphemism. Jock strap. A garment worn by male athletes or workers, to protect the genitals from getting hurt.

B
*back d o o r (baek 'do:r) noun, slang. The anus. b a c k s i d e ('baek said) noun, euphemism. The buttocks. j a d a s s ('baed aes) adj. vulgar. Good. *bag (baeg) noun, slang. The scrotum. * b a g g i e (bae gi) noun, slang. A condom. ial - h e a d e d h e r m i t (bald 'hed id 'her mit) noun, slang. The penis. (A hermit is a person who lives alone. Bald = Without hair on his head.)
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*ball (bail) verb, vulgar. Have sexual intercourse. "They balled all night." To have a sexual relationship with. "Marie was balling her boss all summer, but no one in the office knew about it."

ball-buster ('ba:l b A S tar) noun, vulgar. 1. A v e r y difficult job; a boss or other person who is hard to please. "The test was a real ball-buster. I couldn't finish it in the two hours we had. "Professor B. is a real ball-buster. He wants students to read six chapters of the text a week, and write three term papers." 2. An attractive woman who seems hard to please. "Look at the girl in the low-cut dress. I bet she's a real ball-buster." 3. A woman who causes a man to lose his sense of masculinity. *ball and chain (bo:l an 'tfein) noun, slang. A wife. (This is not a vulgar term. Prisoners on an outdoor work project used to be chained to a heavy lead ball so they would not run away. Being married is compared to being a prisoner who cannot have any freedom.) *balls (bailz) noun, plural, vulgar. 1. The testicles. 2. Masculine courage; nerve, daring. "That lion tamer certainly has a lot of balls to go into the cage with six lions." "It takes balls to say what you think when everyone disagrees with you." "Devin was working for the company only six weeks. Then he asked for a 10% raise. That takes balls."

B

balls, to have someone by the
(ta haev S A m wan bai 6a bo:lz) verb phrase, vulgar. To have power to force someone to do what is wanted. "Rick wanted to break up with his girlfriend, but she had him by the balls. She owned the business he worked for." ballsy ('bail zi) adj. vulgar. Courageous. Having masculine courage. (This may be said of women, too, nowadays.) "He's quite ballsy, isn't he, to fight a crocodile with his bare hands." *bang (baerj) verb, vulgar. To have sexual intercourse.

* words with additional meanings not listed

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b a r e - a s s ('bear aes) adj. vulgar. Naked. Also bare-assed. "There was no one around, so we went swimming bareassed." bar-girl, B-girl ('ba:r ga:rl, 'bi: garl) noun, slang. An attractive woman who works in a bar. Her job is to encourage customers to spend more money. She behaves in a friendly, sexually inviting manner, and the customer buys drinks for her. The customer does not know that she is an employee of the bar. The bartender fills her glass with tea or colored water, and charges the price of liquor. A bar-girl may also sell sexual services, as a prostitute. *basket ('baes kat) noun, slang. 1. A woman's genitals. 2. A man's genitals. The shape of the man's genitals that can be seen in tight clothing. b a s k e t d a y s ('baes kat deiz) noun, plural, slang. Warm weather. The shape of men's genitals can be seen because they are wearing light clothing, such as shorts, bathing suits, tight jeans, etc. (homosexual use) b a s t a r d ('baes tard) noun. 1. vulgar. Avery disliked person. "Ralph is a real bastard. He deserted his wife and three kids and took all of their money out of the bank, too." 2. vulgar. Bastard may be used in a joking way to refer to a good friend. "Mike, you old bastard, I haven't seen you in a long time! Where've you been?" 3. The original meaning of bastard is an illegitimate child (a child born to an unmarried woman.) b a t h r o o m ('baeG ru:m) noun, general use. A room with a toilet. There may also be a bath tub and a sink. The word bathroom used to be a euphemism. (When you go to the bathroom you are not really going there to take a bath!) b a t h r o o m t i s s u e ('baeG ruim 'ti Jyu:) noun, euphemism and general use. Toilet paper. A roll of soft tissue paper used in the bathroom. The companies that make this paper label it "bathroom tissue" or "toilet tissue." Most Americans call it toilet paper.

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* b e a r d (biard) noun, slang. 1. Male facial hair 2. Female pubic hair. 3. A homosexual or straight male who goes to social events as the "date" of a lesbian. "She did not want her colleagues to think she was a lesbian, so she took Joe to the convention as a beard." b e a r d e d c l a m (biar did 'klaem) noun, vulgar. The external genitals of a woman. b e a t off (bi:t 'a:f) verb, vulgar. Masturbate. "A lot of guys beat off after seeing a sexy movie." b e a t t h e m e a t (bi:t da 'mi:t) verb phrase, vulgar. Masturbate. * b e a u t s (byu:ts) noun, plural, slang. A woman's breasts. * b e a v e r (bi: var) noun, vulgar. A woman's pubic area. The vagina. * b e a v e r p a t r o l (bi: var pa 'troul) noun phrase, vulgar. Looking for women, especially women who might be wearing shorts or mini-skirts. b e d ; go to b e d w i t h (gou ta 'bed wi6) verb phrase. euphemism. Have sexual intercourse with. "Larry used to go to bed with every girl he dated." b e d p a n ('bed paen) noun, general use. In a hospital, a plastic or metal pan for patients to urinate or defecate into when they are not able to get out of bed to go to the bathroom. b e d r o o m e y e s ('bed ru:m 'aiz) noun, general use. Large, sexy-looking eyes. Eyes in which the pupils are enlarged, indicating a state of sexual arousal. b e d - w e t t e r ('bed wet ar) noun, general use. A child who wets (urinates) in bed while sleeping at an age when this "mistake" is not expected (past four years old). * b e h i n d (ba 'hamd) noun, euphemism. The buttocks. b e l l y - b u t t o n ('be li: 'bA tan) noun, general use and children's word. The navel.

' words with additional meanings not listed

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euphemism. formal and general use. vulgar." Also bi An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 118 . I guess it's time he learned about the birds and the beesr b i r t h c o n t r o l ('bar9 kan 'troul) noun. 1. euphemism. b i r d s a n d b e e s (bardz an bi:z) idiom. general use. One's skin. especially France. Penis. and so wash the genital area easily. jut he has his boyfriends.^ b e s t i a l i t y (bi:s tji: 'ae la ti) noun. Widely used in Europe. the place where people have sexual intercourse. The facts about how babies are started. many parents were too embarrassed to explain sex to their children. general use. too. "The swimmers were wearing nothing but their birthday suits. he or she should first know about birth control." said Fred. A person who enjoys sexual relations with both males and females. "If a person is going to have sexual relations. "What goes on with me and my wife between the sheets is none of anybody else's business. Sexual relations between a human being and some other ("lower") animal. "Did you know that Sean is bisexual? He's married and the father of two kids." b i s e x u a l (bai 'sek fuial) noun. In the past. "Well. * b i c h o ('bi tjou) noun. euphemism. (from Spanish vulgar slang) b i d e t (bi: 'dei) noun. without any clothes on. 2. little Jimmy asked where babies come from. A small washstand that a woman can sit on. Also used as an adjective. Instead. Sodomy. A way to prevent getting pregnant. formal. b e t w e e n t h e s h e e t s (ba 'twiin da Ji:ts) noun. In bed." "What birth-control method did your doctor recommend?" i r t h d a y s u i t ('bar8 dei suit) noun. they told them how flowers and birds reproduce.

Constipated. The organ that holds urine until the waste liquid leaves the body. b i t c h y ('bitf i) adj.O. Fellatio. b l o w j o b (blou d3db) noun. the son of a female dog. b l a d d e r ('blae dar) noun. hateful person who causes unhappiness for others. "Son of a bitch\ I never expected to see you here in Miami!" 4. you old son of a bitch. is the abbreviation. "Trying to move that heavy piano was a real son of a bitch. slang. " words with additional meanings not listed 119 . formal and medical use.B. 2. it's good to see you. "Hi. Avery difficult. To complain. b l i n d e y e (blamd l an) noun. complaining and demanding woman. slang. verb. He would sell his own grandmother if he could make a profit from that. vulgar. * b l o c k e d up (blakt Vp) verb phrase. Literally. time-consuming job. D s o n of a b i t c h (sAn av 3 bitf) noun." 3. slang. vulgar. vulgar. "Mr. which is less vulgar. A selfish." 2. 1." S. Arthur is a real son of a bitch. Expel gas from the rectum. 3. A sexy and attractive woman. Affectionate term for a good friend. A pain in the testicles. The anus. Perform fellatio. vulgar. slang. Young men repeat the myth that this happens when a male who has been sexually aroused for a long time doesn't ejaculate." Original general use and formal meaning: a female dog.b i t c h (bitj) noun. It may gain a girlfriend's sympathy. "Marty is always bitching about his job. b l o w a fart ('blou a 'fa:rt) verb phrase. b l u e b a l l s Cblu: 'bolz) noun. Easily irritated. crabby and complaining. 1. The act of giving sexual pleasure by sucking a partner's penis. euphemism. An unpleasant. An expression to show surprise at an unexpected happening. plural. Give sexual pleasure by sucking the penis orally (in the mouth). * b l o w (blou) verb.

euphemism.m. * b o n e r (bou nar) noun. euphemism. Mouth-to-genitals sex. A lump of dried mucus from the nose. *bob (bob) verb/noun. *box l u n c h ('baks L\nt f) noun. b o o g e r ('bu gar) noun. (have a) bone on: have an erection. The colon (lower part of the digestive tract) is sometimes called the bowels. vulgar. vulgar slang. Bowel movement..B. "The child slept with his head on his mother's bosom. Oral sex. *boy (bai) noun. 'bu: bi:z) noun. Cunnilingus or fellatio. = defecate.) * b o t t o m ('bat am) noun. (bi: ou) noun. *boxers ('bak sarz) noun." b . House of prostitution. m . A bad body odor (smell). b o w e l m o v e m e n t ('baul mu:v mant) noun. Women's breasts. children's words: boogie. The vagina. vulgar.m. Oral sex. euphemism. b o o b i e s ('buibz. formal and general use. Also." "Some doctors recommend prunes or bran cereal to help you move your bowels. euphemism. Men's undershorts. vulgar. The buttocks. vulgar. boogieman." (A bosom friend is a good friend. when it is erect. close to the heart. (bi: em) noun. plural. euphemism. To have a b. b o s o m ('bu zam ) noun. plural. To "move one's bowels" is to expel the waste products of digestion (the feces). The breast area." b o r d e l l o (bo:r 'de lou) noun. An Indispenslble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 120 . b o o b s . The penis. to make a b. There is no polite English word in general use for this "product of picking one's nose. "The baby had a bowel movement in his diaper. This word may be extremely offensive when it is used by a white person when talking to or about a black male adult. *box (baks) noun.O. vulgar. general use. slang.

plural. "She's a big-breasted woman. The foreskin of the baby's penis is cut by a religious official called a mohel (mou hal). "Her bra size is 36-C. To nurse a baby. this is used to describe the size of the breasts. general use. The upper chest area of either a man or a woman. general use. slang. Combined with big. general use. A sound made by sticking the tongue out and expelling air around it. A loud passing of gas from the rectum.b r e a s t e d (-'bres tid) adj. The female organs which produce milk for a newborn baby. E ' words with additional meanings not listed 121 . plural. vulgar." b r e a s t (brest) noun. * b r u s h (brA f) noun. slang. Jacobs breast fed all seven of her children. general use. Family and friends are invited to a formal ceremony.b r a . b r a s s i e r e (bra:. b r i s (bns) noun. A house of prostitution. Aloud release of intestinal gas. b r e a s t s (brests) noun. * b r o w n e y e (braun 'an) noun. The anus. An article of clothing that gives support to the breasts. "He gave out a Bronx cheer to show that he did not care for our offer. formal and religious use. . vulgar. The circumcision of a Jewish baby boy seven days after birth. formal. b u c k s n o r t ('bAk sno:rt) noun. done on purpose to show contempt. bra 'ziar) noun. general use. * B r o n x c h e e r (branks 't fiar) noun." *briefs (bri:fs) noun. Give a baby milk from the mother's breast. The mammary glands. general use. Then the family celebrates and has a party." b r o t h e l ('bra 9al) noun. "Are you planning to breast feed your baby or bottle-feed it?" "Mrs. or small. Men's undershorts." b r e a s t f e e d (brest fi:d) verb. A woman's pubic hair.

slang. vulgar. East Bumfuck) U. stories. 1. The feces of bulls (male cattle). A woman's breasts. Commit sodomy. 2. argue." 4. He's quite a bullshit artist. Buttocks.* b u g g e r ('bA gar) 1. b u g g e r y ('bA ga ri) noun.S." 3.A. where there is nothing interesting to do. (bi: es) = bullshit. verb." b u m (bAm) noun. vulgar." (I don't believe you. "You're full of bull. To talk." * b u m p e r s ('bAm parz) noun. Lies. Meaningless sentences. A person who commits buggery." (Don't lie to me. Don't believe him. B u m b l e f u c k (bAm bal fAk) (also Bumfuck. vulgar. "Gary would make a good salesman. vulgar. b u l l s h i t a r t i s t ('bul Jit 'a:r tist) noun.) B. vulgar. A homosexual. "What Erik told you is a lot of bullshit. slang. *bull (bul) noun. vulgar.) "Don'tgive me that bull. noun. plural. tell jokes. he doesn't know what he's talking about. vulgar. vulgar. vulgar. or facts. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 122 . "Helen didn't know the answers to any of the questions on the examination." 5.) * b u n g h o l e CbAn houl) noun. Sodomy. noun. "Nowheresville. To have sexual intercourse in the rectum. verb. (Cars have bumpers in front and back to soften the impact in case of an accident. To grossly exaggerate. "We sat around bullshitting until the bars closed. A story or description that is not believable. b u l l d y k e ('bul daik) noun. The anus. A quiet. The act of sexual intercourse in the rectum. so she just wrote a whole lot of bullshit and hoped the professor would give her a passing grade. boring town in a farm area. (derogatory) b u l l s h i t ('bul Jit) noun. enjoy casual conversation among friends. 2. A person who tells unbelievable stories but gets other people to believe that the stories are true. euphemism for bullshit. A lesbian who is mannish and aggressive.. "Don't let Paul bullshit you.S. To tell lies or false stories.

verb phrase. A male or female prostitute. love button. muscular area of the lower back. * words with additional meanings not listed 123 . b u n n y f u c k ('bA ni fAk) verb. or manner. general use. vulgar. The buttocks. *bush (buj) noun. The breast area of a woman. slang. "He has a nice pair of buns. make ca ca. A female homosexual who appears masculine in haircut. slang euphemism. and bathing suits are generally marked with the bust size. a twenty-five-inch waist. euphemism. slang. Gay." *butch (butf) noun. Feces. B * b u s i n e s s . slang. *butt (bAt) noun. slang. slang. formal and general use. A woman's pubic hair. to urinate. general use. The clitoris. Defecate. call girl ('kol 93rD noun. children's word. slang. To defecate. A loose woman. She works by appointment. and thirty-eight-inch hips. C ca ca ('ka ka) noun. *button ('bAt an) noun. Very rapid intercourse. plural. c a m p as a r o w of t e n t s ('kaemp aez a 'rou av 'tents) adj. The fatty. The buttocks. *bust (bASt) noun. Very clearly gay." *bunny ('bA ni) noun. "Miss America has a thirty-six-inch bust.*buns (bAnz) noun." "Blouses. to use the bathroom. This word is used in giving the measurements of the body and for clothing sizes. dress. A high-priced prostitute. not in a house of prostitution or on the street. to do one's b u s i n e s s (ta du: wAnz 'biz nes) verb phrase. "I was ice-skating and fell on my butt. vulgar." b u t t o c k s ('bA Daks) noun. brassieres. Also. *camp (kaemp) adj.

With the purple lipstick and the low-cut blouse." noun. (spouse = husband or wife) c h e c k t h e p l u m b i n g (tjek da 'pU mirj) verb phrase." 2. formal and medical use. 1. "My wife is going through the change of life. "Excuse me. slang euphemism. medical use. she sure looks cheap. wife. slang. etc. slang. To have sexual relations with another person without the knowledge of one's usual partner. c a t h o u s e ('kaet haus) noun. fix. * c h e a p (t Ji:p) adj. derogatory slang. "Marcia cheats on her husband all the time. To be unfaithful to one's husband. "Bulls are castrated so they will be easier to handle and the meat will be more tender. dressing in poor taste. The bathroom. easy for men to have sexual relations with. I guess we won't have any more children unless we adopt some. or steady sex partner." the change (da tjeind3) = The change of life. A person who is not faithful to a lover or spouse. inspect the plumbing. euphemism. "Look at that blonde. Having low morals." * c h e a t (t fi:t) verb. c h a n g e of l i f e (tfeind3 sv 'laif) noun." "Jordan never cheats on his girlfriend. too!" c a r n a l k n o w l e d g e ('ka:r nsl 'na bd3) noun phrase. c a s t r a t e ('kae streit) verb. c e r v i x ('sAr viks) noun. The buttocks. A house of prostitution.*can (kaen) noun." "Male cats are often castrated to prevent their habit of urinating on furniture. "He fell on his can. Sexual intimacy. wearing too much makeup." Also. The menopause in women. euphemism. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 124 . "Who's in the can? Hurry up! I have to go. Remove the testicles by surgery. I'll be back as soon as I check the plumbing." Synonyms: neuter. The neck or opening of the uterus. slang. slang. Go to the bathroom. To commit adultery.

general use. "Y. 1. * c h i c k e n ('tji kan) noun. The front area of the body between the shoulders and the waist on either a man or a woman." c h o c h a ('t Jo tja) noun. An unbroken hymen is considered to be a sign of virginity. " words with additional meanings not listed 125 . Gay. vulgar. plural. A male homosexual who buys the sexual services of a young male prostitute. still h a v e a c h e r r y (stil haev a 'tjer i) vulgar. Something that is completely worthless. an inexperienced person. To be a virgin. * c h e r r y Ctjer i) noun. * c h i c k e n h a w k ('tji kan ha:k) noun. losing one's virginity. vulgar. slang. a woman who has never had sexual intercourse. so he was planning to quit. general use. slang. fatty sections of the buttocks. Sometimes called the "lower cheeks" to distinguish from the face cheeks. 2. The two round. Masturbate. The hymen. To have sexual intercourse with a girl who is a virgin. slang. said he hated his chicken-shit job. vulgar. To have intercourse for the first time. * c h e s t (tjest) noun. vulgar. c h i c k e n s h i t ('tji kan Jit) noun. The breasts of a woman. Vagina. l o s e o n e ' s c h e r r y (lu:z WAnz 'tjer i) vulgar. uninteresting and unrewarding. "What is this chicken shit you sold me?" Also used as an adjective. 2. A virgin. 1. The flap of skin that covers part of the vagina before a woman's first act of sexual intercourse.* c h e e k s (tjiiks) noun. (from the Spanish) c h o k e t h e c h i c k e n ('tJouk da 'tji kan) verb phrase. slang. A young male prostitute who sells sexual services to older male homosexuals. c h i c h i ('tji: tji:) adjective. b u s t a c h e r r y (bAst a 'tjer i) vulgar.

got the clap from a prostitute. 2. medical. formal and general use. slang. It is done for religious or health reasons. vulgar. "They climaxed together. "All Jewish baby boys are circumcised ('sar kam saizd) seven days after birth. formal and general use. His neighbors and co-workers may think he is heterosexual. A disease that is gotten through sexual contact with an infected person. a venereal disease. clit (klit) noun. A male homosexual who does not act like a homosexual in public. (Used with the) "R. to c o m e o u t of tt \ c l o s e t (ta kAm 'aut av da 'kla zat) verb phrase. A woman's climax is when there are rhythmic contractions in the vagina. "When the Gay Liberation Movement began. 1. 'kla zat kwiin) noun. and general use. Have an orgasm. formal." An Indlspensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 126 . The moment of most intense pleasure during sexual intercourse. *clap (klaep) noun. To stop hiding one's homosexuality. slang. Gonorrhea." The formal ceremony to which family and friends are invited is called a bris. The clitoris. c l o s e t q u e e n ('kla zat keis. thousands of gay men and women came out of the closet. Orgasm. A surgical procedure to remove part of the foreskin of a baby boy's penis." * c l i m a x ('klai maeks) noun. vulgar. highly sensitive organ that is located in the forward part of the vulva. c l o s e t c a s e . "A man may reach a climax before his partner.c i r c u m c i s i o n (sar kam 'si 3an) noun. verb. adjective form: clitoral." c l i t o r i s ('klit ar as) noun. The male climax is when he ejaculates. general use. This is the organ in the female that is responsible for much sexual pleasure and orgasm. The small." r e a c h a c l i m a x (ri:tj a klai maeks) verb phrase. To stop pretending in public to be a heterosexual.

The word is more often used as an insult to describe a hateful person. To have regular sexual relations when married." c o j o n e s . A woman's breasts. "During coitus. formal and medical use. "Naomi has the reputation of being a cock tease. vulgar. 1. It is similar to. but who will not have intercourse with him after he has become aroused. A woman's genitals. "They decided to get married after cohabiting for six years. a covering for the penis that protected it and exaggerated its size. vulgar. vulgar. a person who sucks cocks (performs fellatio). "Look at the cojones on that dog!" 2. Testicles. Sexual intercourse. general use. plural. the words bastard and son of a bitch. 1." * words with additional meanings not listed 127 .*coconuts ('kou ka nAts) noun. c o h o n e s (ko 'ho neis)/(kou 'hou ni:z) noun. >itus ('kou i tas) noun. vulgar." 2. In medieval times. vulgar. Penis cod p i e c e (kad piis) noun. A woman who acts as though she were sexually interested in a man. c o h a b i t (kou 'haeb it) verb. Literally. The penis. 2. the blood pressure and pulse of both partners rises. This is one of the most common terms used among men to refer to the male sex organ. A rooster (male chicken). *cock (kak) noun. a male homosexual. general use. C cock s u c k e r ('kak SAk ar) noun." "The average married couple in their twenties engages in coitus two to five times a week. To live together as man and wife. slang. *cockpit (kak pit) noun. vulgar. formal and legal use." *cod (kad) noun. cock t e a s e ('kak ti:z) noun. 1. but much stronger than. "It takes cojones to be in the Marines. Masculine courage. plural.

"Some religions teach that a human life begins at the moment of conception. An expression on a person's face that seems to say "I'm feeling passionate." "Did you come yet?" (A common question by anxious lovers. "The condom is 94% safe as a preventative of pregnancy." c o n d o m ('ka n dam) noun. verb. "Reading this book will help you to understand some colorful language. or unusual ways of describing things. general use. euphemism. c u m (kAm) 1. "Tiffany has been trying to conceive ever since she got married." c o m f o r t s t a t i o n ('kAm fart 'stei fan) noun. * c o m e a c r o s s (kAm 'a kros) verb phrase. slang. "Women don't come across so easy anymore. "I guess they're all afraid of getting AIDS. It may be made of very thin rubber latex or the thin membrane of animal intestines. (In a male.) "I'm c-c-c-coming\" she moaned. c o m m o d e (kA 'moud) noun. 2. noun. The union of the male sex cell (sperm) with the female sex cell (ovum).) "Paul always comes three or four times before Ken comes. usually along a well-traveled highway. To submit to a man's sexual advances. ejaculate." C o n c e p t i o n (kAn 'sep Jan) noun." "Glenda wore a loose-fitting robe and gave Jack that come-hither look that he could not resist. To become pregnant. * c o n c e i v e (kAn 'si:v) verb." An Indispenslble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 128 ." c o m e .h i t h e r l o o k (kAm 'hid ar 'luk)) noun." said Xavier." * c o m e . slang. general use. formal and general use. general use and euphemism. Come here. A public bathroom. cum: The semen or vaginal fluid that is ejaculated during orgasm. formal and medical use. Speech that is full of slang or vulgar expressions. slang. A contraceptive worn by the male over the penis. Have an orgasm or sexual climax.c o l o r f u l l a n g u a g e ('kA lar fal 'laerj gwid3) noun. euphemism. A toilet.

"Jean asked her doctor if there were any new forms of contraception that were more effective than 'the pill. *crack (kraek) noun. to climb to t h e midsection of t h e body. humorous use. formal and medical use. causing pain. plural. This hair could supposedly be used by crabs (lice). general use. slang and general use. The buttocks. from sleeping in a bed or from sitting on a toilet that has been used by someone with crabs. plural." C c o n t r a c e p t i o n (kan tra 'sep Jan) noun. and didn't have a bowel movement for days." *crabs (kraebz) noun.'" *coolie ('ku: li) noun. Contractions of the intestine or uterus. Have sexual intercourse. having difficulty in passing stool." words with additional meanings not listed 129 . "Most animals copulate less frequently than human beings. The vagina." c o n s t i p a t i o n ('kan sta pei Jan) noun. "To avoid constipation. children's word. Unable to defecate. They are very tiny and extremely itchy. "Every time Ann ate cheese. and whole grains. vulgar. Difficulty in moving one's bowels. "Clarissa always gets cramps on the first day of her menstrual period. eat salads. formal and general use. *cramps (kraemps) noun. A certain kind of lice t h a t live in t h e pubic h a i r of h u m a n s (also in underarm hair and beards). "Crabs can be caught from close personal contact. raw fruits. Also. formal and general use. Birth control. c o p u l a t e ('kap yu leit) verb. she became constipated." crab l a d d e r ('kraeb l a e dar) noun. if the person had them. Methods of preventing pregnancy. Some men have hair leading from the pubic area to the navel. formal. drink plenty of water. euphemism. slang.c o n s t i p a t e d ('kan sta peit ad) adjective.

* c u c u m b e r ('kyu kAm bar) noun. (derogatory). slang. "Why did you buy all that crap? You've wasted a lot of your money. 1. Semen. vulgar. jock itch. A husband whose wife has been unfaithful. The vagina. Oral-genital contact. To make one's husband a cuckold by having sex with another man. slang. irritable skin in the crotch area. The angle formed by the two legs where they join the body. slang. 2. 2. A woman. general use. vulgar. noun. Full of crap. vulgar. 2. potato chips). 2. Stimulation of the female genitalia by the partner's tongue. To ejaculate. 1. An attractive woman. formal.) c r o t c h r o t ('kratj rat) noun. c u n n i l i n g u s (kA ni 'lirj gas) noun. c u c k o l d CkAk aid) 1. Feces. "Philip nearly creamed in his jeans when Maria Mammalia walked into the room. Don't follow his advice. soda. "Pete is full of crap." "Mary ate lots of crap" (candy. Full of lies and unbelievable stories. c r e a m in one's j e a n s verb phrase. Defecate. chocolate. verb. An artificial penis. To ejaculate with one's pants still on. verb. (synonym: shit) Take a crap. c u n t (kAnt) noun." Worthless things. The penis. c u n t l e t ('kAnt let) noun. (A tree has a crotch.*crap (kraep) noun. The pubic area." c r o t c h (kratj) noun. whatever you do. slang. This is often an exaggerated way of saying that someone is very sexually aroused. Any disgusting dirt or dried food. vulgar. vulgar. An Indlspensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 130 . * c r e a m (krkm) 1. 2. too. to have an orgasm. 1. vulgar. or a device to use for masturbation. c r u d (krAd) noun. slang. Itchy. vulgar. Dried semen. A young girl. noun. beer.

vulgar. Annoying. daem it) verb. general use." 4. "Yolanda ate rice and beans for lunch and she's been cutting farts all afternoon.) *cut t h e c h e e s e (kAt da 'tji:z) verb phrase. "Harry's buddies teased him about his black girlfriend. dairn it) slang. "Carla won't go swimming because she has the curse. slang. "Damn you\ I told you not to bother me when I'm busy!" (The verb damn means to condemn to Hell. worthless.) d a m n e d . To swear. Bad luck sent by God or the Devil or one's enemies. Euphemisms for damn and damn it. slang. interjections." (This word implies that the speaker has a negative feehng about this natural body function. To ask God or the Devil to cause bad luck or injury to happen to someone or something. Sex with a black person. Expression of extreme irritation or anger. Also: cut one. God d a m n it! vulgar. An expression of anger or disappointment. vulgar. To use vulgar language. "Phew. "This damned car isn't any damn good!" "You damned idiot! You've ruined everything!" *dark m e a t ('dairk mi:t) vulgar expression. general use. useless. noun." D t h e c u r s e (de kars) noun." 2. 1. daem) adj. d a m n (daemd." 3. vulgar." D d a m n ! d a m n it! (daem. what a smell! Who cut the cheese?" c u t a fart (kAt a 'fa:rt) verb. d a r n it! (da:rn. They asked him how he liked dark meat. "Dillon blamed all of his bad luck on a curse that his enemies had put on him. The menstrual period. ' words with additional meanings not listed 131 . To expel gas from the rectum. or eternal punishment after death.* c u r s e (ksrs) verb." d a r n . "We cursed the landlord for raising the rent. interjection. Christian church teachings forbid the use of this word as an expression of anger. "Marcus knows a lot of curses and he's only five years old. To expel gas from the rectum. broken. "Timothy was so angry he cursed for five minutes. Any vulgar word.

(There are many non-sexual uses of the word diaphragm. To expel (push out) feces from the rectum. gay slang. d e l i c a t e p a r t s of t h e a n a t o m y ('de la kat pa:rts av 6i a 'naet a mi) noun phrase." said the police officer." "The druggist said to take this medication to stop the baby's diarrhea.) d i a r r h e a ('dai a 'ri: a) noun. optics. formal. A gay person's first sexual experience with another gay person. The feces are watery and hard to control. It is a circular piece of rubber that is inserted into the woman's vagina before intercourse. * d e c e i v e (one's sex partner) (da 'si:v) verb. 2. in the fields of anatomy. slang. "Women. electronics. d e f e c a t e ('de fa keit) verb. formal and general use. A pipe for smoking drugs. d e v i l ' s d i c k ('de valz 'dik) noun.d a t e r a p e ('deit reip) noun. formal and general use. To have a sexual need for someone." d e r r i e r e (dear i: 'ear) noun. euphemism and general use. plural. Genitals. A need to defecate frequently. This word is borrowed from the French. "His desire for her increased each day that she rejected him. It prevents sperm from entering the uterus. if you are attacked by a rapist. slang. vulgar. * d e s i r e (da 'zair) 1. * d i a p h r a g m ('dai a 'fraem) noun. This is a crime. Buttocks. To hurt one's husband or wife (boyfriend or girlfriend) by having sexual relations with another person. euphemism." * d e t h r o n e d (di: 'Ground) verb. "Lynn had diarrhea from eating green apples. usually male testicles. noun. "kick him in the delicate parts of his anatomy. To want in a sexual way. general use. A contraceptive device. general use. and mechanics. verb. euphemism. * d e b u t (dei 'byu:) noun. past participle. Caught by the police and sent out of a public toilet. Forcible sexual intercourse while on a date. A sexual need." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 132 .

dirty jokes. "Stop diddling around." "One symptom of gonorrhea is a pus-like discharge from the penis. "She went to the gynecologist for a check up because she had a frequent bad-smelling discharge. An extremely stupid or clumsy person. A stupid person. 1. d i n g l e b e r r y ('dig gal ber i) noun. The penis. slang. d i r t y o l d m a n noun." * d i v i n g s u i t ('dai virj su:t) noun.d i c k (dik) noun. An older man who is interested in flirting. 2. dirty movies. Having a vulgar or sexual meaning: dirty words. slang. vulgar. and seducing women. slang. To interpret words with double meanings according to their sexual meanings rather than in their general-use meanings. * d i s c h a r g e ('dis tfa:rd3) noun. vulgar. Have sexual intercourse (from a male point of view). vulgar. 2. 1. *dirty ('dar ti) adj. d i d d l e ('di dal) verb. Penis. 3. (A dipstick is a long measuring rod that is kept in a tube in a car's engine to check the level of oil in the car. To masturbate. To think that other people are always thinking of sex. or in a derogatory way. vulgar. To have sexual intercourse. and get to work!" 4. etc. To waste time. To cheat someone. slang. vulgar. 2. A liquid that comes out of the penis or vagina which may indicate that there is an infection or diseased condition. to h a v e a d i r t y m i n d (ta haev a 'dar ti 'mamd) idiom. vulgar. *dig o u t (dig 'aut) verb phrase. Condom. 1. *do it ('du: it) verb. To have sexual intercourse. An artificial penis used for masturbation or sexual play. dirty pictures. d i l d o ('dil dou) noun. This may be used as a term of affection. A small piece of feces caught in the crotch hairs near the anus. touching. formal and general use. ' words with additional meanings not listed 133 . To think of sex often. * d i p s t i c k ('dip stik) noun. slang.

To perform fellatio or cunnilingus. euphemism. Penis. general use. vulgar. d o w n t h e r e ('daun dear) noun. Sexual intercourse with the woman on her hands and knees. make doo doo. The genitals. To give mouth-to-genital stimulation. Penis. vulgar." d o u c h e (du:J") verb. The bag that contains the water for the douche. using a douche bag and syringe. vulgar. slang. "Tom fell off his bicycle and hurt himself. (go) d o w n on (gou 'daun an) verb. vulgar." French "douche. "The doctor advised her to douche twice a week for four weeks. * d r a w e r s (dmrrz) noun. and the man entering the vagina from the rear. Having two meanings. slang. d r o p one's l o a d (drop WAnz 'loud) verb phrase. general use. Urinate. d o u b l e m e a n i n g (dA bal 'mi: nig) noun. formal. uh. vulgar.d o g s t y l e ('da:g stai al) adverb. d r a i n a v e i n ('drein a Vein) verb phrase..down there. Also: doodee." d r a i n a l i z a r d ('drein a 'h zard) verb phrase." Warning: This word does not mean "shower. general use. one of which is vulgar or sexual. d o u c h e b a g ('du:J baeg) noun. To clean the vagina with water or medicated fluid. * d o o d l e ('du: dal) noun. Urinate. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 134 . To ejaculate. Undershorts or panties. children's word." and other European words look similar. but the meanings are not the same. d o o d o o ('du: 'du:) noun. A very stupid and disliked person. A male who is wearing woman's clothing is said to be "in drag. 2." The Spanish word "ducha.. slang. defecate. Feces." *drrig (draeg) noun. The pubic area. d o r k (da:rk) noun. slang. 1. "Words with double meanings are often the basis of jokes. you know.

Derogatory use. Cunnilingus *egg (eg) noun. "Some teenagers suffer from dysmenorrhea. drop WAIIZ hear pmz) verb phrases. euphemism. vulgar. and walk. To perform cunnilingus or fellatio. duff (dAf) noun. 1. d u m p a l o a d (dAmp. general use. *eat (i:t) verb. The buttocks. d u n g (dArj) noun. but it is less common among mature women. slang. To stimulate the genitals of one's partner with the mouth and tongue. or female sex cell. "On one's duff' means sitting. *dyke (daik) noun. dAmp 3 loud) verb phrase vulgar. manure. slang. 2. To go through the motions of sexual intercourse completely clothed and without any actual genital contact. d y s m e n o r r h e a (dis 'me na ri a) noun. To show through behavior that one is gay. A lesbian (female homosexual) who plays a masculine role. The buttocks. slang. dry h u m p (drai hAmp) verb. Defecate. slang. vulgar. formal and medical use." E E easy m a k e (i: zi 'meik) noun. drop one's hairpins (drop wAnz biids. * words with additional meanings not listed 135 . vulgar. The ovum. A hated person. A diesel dyke ('di: sal daik) is a large. She may dress in mannish clothing. A woman who will consent to have sexual intercourse with a man whom she doesn't know very well. *duster (ldA star) noun." * d u m p . general use. talk. Cow or horse droppings. "Get off your duff and let's get going. slang euphemism.drop one's beads. Painful cramps that accompany the menstrual period. very aggressive lesbian. eat it r a w verb phrase. and act in a masculine manner.

general use. was constipated. formal and medical use. general use. To urinate. 1." 2. "T." * e q u i p m e n t (i: 'kwip mant) noun. slang." e r o t i c a (a 'ra ti ka) noun. e m p t y o n e ' s b l a d d e r ('emp ti wAnz 'blae dar) verb phrase. Loss of control of the bladder." e n e m a ('c na ma) noun. Well-equipped adjective. the doctor advised him to take an enema. * e l i m i n a t e (a 'lim a neit) verb. and defecation. A firm or erect penis. Nurse to patient: "The doctor would like you to empty your bladder before the examination. plural." e r o t i c (a 'ra tik) adj. slang. engorged with blood and ready for sexual intercourse. in the sense of defecation alone. Have a sexual orgasm. "Mike likes erotic stories and movies. Sexually stimulating. It is often used. lb excrete waste products. general use. this word includes perspiration.^ejaculate (i 'd3se kya leit) verb. to be (ta bi: a 'rekt) verb phrase. Having a large penis and testicles." e n u r e s i s (e nya 'ri: sis) noun. urination. general use.'" "The nurse gave the patient an enema before the operation. however. The right equipment slang. "David suffered from enuresis until he was eleven years old. "Ted gets an erection whenever he sees Connie. A cleaning-out of the rectum and lower colon by injecting warm water through the anus. Technically. Male sex organs. A problem of urinating in bed while one is asleep. formal. excreting semen." "Warren lost his erection when he heard the baby cry. When the penis is firm. "Many elderly people begin to suffer from enuresis. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 136 . Collections of pictures and stories referring to sex. * e r e c t i o n (a 'rek Jan) noun. formal. *erect. formal. general use.

plural. politicians. general use. Actors. "'excited (ek 'sai tad) adj. 2." ^ e x h i b i t i o n i s t (ck si 'bi Ja rust) noun. To be pregnant. may I use your facilities?" . and cannot have sexual intercourse. Thomas went to a clinic for expectant mothers. 1. euphemism. slang." "When are you expecting?" is a common question asked of pregnant women. or gathering.") F F (ef) verb. and other performers are exhibitionists in a way.) e x p e c t a n t (ik 'spek tant) adj. event. A person who receives sexual pleasure from showing parts of his or her body in public to strangers. vulgar euphemism. or pubic hair. "The Johnsons are expecting a visit from the stork. A male whose testicles have been removed in childhood." (A stork is a large bird with a very long bill." (She will give birth to a baby in July. * e x p e c t (ik 'spekt) verb. Aroused sexually. parents did not fSel comfortable in discussing reproduction with children. formal and general use. A business that provides male or female companions to accompany a person to a party. or whose testicles do not function normally. for a fee. general use." "Get the F out of here!" "Where's the F-ing key?" * f a c i l i t i e s (fg 'sil 3 ti:s) noun. To wait for the birth of a baby. "X-rated videos get Dan excited. Pregnant. "Judy is expecting in July. A eunuch does not have a deep masculine voice.words with additional meanings not listed 137 . A few generations ago. Abbreviation of fuck. A person who acts in a way to attract attention to himself. general use. It often includes sexual favors. "Excuse me. The bathroom. beard. "Mrs. general use. e u n u c h ('yu nsk) noun. "Fyoul" she shouted.*escort s e r v i c e ('es ko:rt 'sar vis) noun. so they told them that babies are "brought by the stork.

euphemism. His son had learned them from a friend when the kids were six years old." fag. This expression shows a high regard placed on the male sex organs. slang. Having sexual intercourse with one partner only. such as rubies and diamonds. A homosexual. The facts about sex and reproduction. "When Gina found out her husband had been unfaithful." '• ilsies ('fol si:z) noun. slang. plural.'s husband has always been faithful to her. euphemism. 'fae gat) noun. plural." f a k e an o r g a s m . (For a woman) Dress and walk in a way that shows off one's sexual attractiveness. "H.f a c t s of l i f e ('faekts av laif) noun phrase. *faithful ('fei0 fal) adj. (An 'feiG fal) adj. general use. euphemism. To pretend to reach a sexual climax by dramatically acting as if one were receiving intense pleasure. faen WAHZ pu si) verb phrase. f a g g o t (faeg. slang. humorous. "Marcia faked her orgasms to please her husband. penis and testicles. "M. and she has been a faithful wife. she was miserable. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 138 . f a n o n e ' s a s s . slang. It was too late. f a n o n e ' s p u s s y (faen WAnz ass. (Jewels are precious stones. The buttocks. The opposite of faithful." unfaithful. *fairy ('fear i) noun. "Nobody knew she wore falsies. 'feik it) verb phrase. A male homosexual. Rubber or cotton pads placed in a woman's brassiere to give the appearance of having larger breasts. vulgar. The male sex organs. thought his son was old enough to learn the facts of life. f a k e it ('feik an 'a:r gae zam. derogatory slang. slang." f a m i l y j e w e l s ('faem a li 'dzu walz) noun.) f a n n y ('fae ni) noun.

verb phrases. Oral-genital contact. A douche bag and hose for cleaning the vagina.fart (fa:rt) 1. Expel gas from the rectum. vulgar. slang. flog o n e ' s d o n g (flag WAnz dorj) verb phrase. with a serious punishment. To give sexual pleasure by stimulating the penis with the mouth. f e l l a t i o (fe lei Ji: ou) noun. 3. "J. let loose a fart. The undigested waste that is expelled from the rectum when one goes to the toilet. formal. Masturbate. and his mop of hair. Expel gas. noun. (Often twenty years in jail. He quickly zipped it up. Se: between an older person and an underage person is rape. With her pretty feet. general use. *fiy (flai) noun. Mouth-to-penis sexual stimulation. clothing. and he was a foot fetishist. f e m i n i n e s y r i n g e ('fe mi nin sa 'nnd3) noun. vulgar. formal and medical use. vulgar. and flash his coat open when a woman alone approaches him." *flasher ('flaej or) noun.) * words with additional meanings not listed 139 . f e t i s h i s t ('fet i Jist) noun." 2. f e c e s (fi: si:z) noun. euphemism." "Larry farted and blamed it on the dog. or some object. A person who becomes sexually aroused by a particular part of a person. He may wear a raincoat covering his unzippered pants. The gas that is expelled. p e r f o r m f e l l a t i o formal." f o r b i d d e n f r u i t (far bi dan 'fruit) noun phrase. "She was a hair fetishist. A man who gets sexually aroused by showing his penis to female strangers in public. The zipper or buttons in the front of trousers or pants. give out a fart. "Beans make you fart. plural. verb. slang. lay a fart. they got along very well. This age is set by law in each state. was embarrassed to discover that his/Zy was open. blow a fart. formal. A person who is under the age of consent. vulgar.

A sexually attractive. Also. speak French. hell." said the police officer. f o r n i c a t e ('fair na keit) verb.* f o r e p l a y ('fo:r plei) noun." foul l a n g u a g e (faul 'laeri gwid3) noun. etc. "D. and fashionable woman. Semen. Some common ones are piss. Used by older people. Vulgar language. formal and legal use and derogatory general use. A person who uses vulgar words frequently in places where this is socially unacceptable. slang. general use. fart. kissing. Includes touching. Sexual play before intercourse. independent. To perform fellatio or cunnilingus. general use." complained Harry's grandmother. F r e n c h d r e s s i n g (frentj 'dre sin) noun. "My friend Gert has a foul mouth." f o r e s k i n ('fo:r skm) noun. To have sexual intercourse with someone to whom one is not married. "In my day. Homosexual use. fuck." f o u r . f o x y l a d y noun." free l o v e (fri: IAV) noun. Promiscuous sex without any emotional or moral bond between the partners. I'm embarrassed to go to parties with her. wanted her husband to pay more attention to foreplay when he made love to her. shit. damn." 2. cock. clever. talking. "Fornication is against the law in many states. massaging. Oral stimulation of the genitals. Vulgar words. slang. slang. you waited until the minister tied the knot. 1.l e t t e r w o r d s ('fo:r let ar wArd3) noun. general use. "The younger generations all believe in free love. plural. formal. "Monica is quite a fox. Sexual relationships without marriage. The skin that covers the penis when it is not erect. "We don't want any foul language in this playground. general use. *fox (faks) also. euphemism. cunt. * F r e n c h (frentj") verb. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 140 . Many vulgar words contain just four letters. slang. foul m o u t h (faul mauO) noun.

The words the fuck may be added in the middle of a command. The menstrual period. vulgar. Homosexual. 1. vulgar. "It is as miserable to be a frigid wife as it is to have a frigid wife. "Where is that friggin' wallet?" *frigid ('fri d3id) adj." *fruit (fruit) noun. to add emphasis or show anger: "Shut the fuck up!" "Sit the fuck down. euphemism for fuck." 3.) Unable to have orgasm." f r i g (frig) verb.F r e n c h k i s s (frentj 'kis) noun. 1. they fuck all their customers. To treat badly or unfairly. general use. Kissing in which one's tongue is inserted into the partner's mouth. went to a sex-therapy clinic to see if her frigidity could be cured. f r e s h f r u i t (frej* 'fru:t) noun." "J. To have sexual intercourse (with). * f r i e n d (frend) noun. "I can't go swimming because I've got my friend. to cheat. vulgar. Cold. (derogatory) f u c k (fAk) verb." It may be added to questions. This is the most common vulgar word for sexual intercourse. slang. Generally used in expressions that do not imply sexual intercourse. euphemism. Unable to respond sexually. 2. F r e n c h l e t t e r (frentj" 'let ar) noun. A new arrival to a social group of homosexuals. 2. got fucked by his business partners and lost all his money. "Don't deal with that company. A condom. They are all considered vulgar. slang." f r i g i d i t y (fn 'd3i da ti) noun. The word fuck also has many meanings that have no relationship with sexual activity. very derogatory. friggin' (fng'n) less offensive form of fucking (as an adjective). general use. Inability to respond sexually. "C. (Said of a woman. slang. with the same effect: "Who the fuck is that? Where the fuck are we? Why the fuck didn't you tell me? What the fuck are you doing?" ' words with additional meanings not listed 141 .

and others. or the bond among men of a similar social class. Annoy. Do an incompetent job." 2. 'The hospital really fucked up this bill. vulgar. Among some all-male groups. vulgar. "Bob? Oh." "The architect fucked up the design of the house. Unconscious becomes un-fucking-conscious. such as sailors. "We went down to the ball field and just fucked around for a while. prisoners. "Pass the fucking salt. vulgar. vulgar. Masturbate." f u c k e r ('fA kar) noun. He didn't leave enough room for the upstairs stairway. 1. "Stop fucking around] I'm getting angry." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 142 ." f u c k i n g ('fA kin)/('fA krn) adj. so I told him to fuck off. 1. He steals from his parents to pay for his drugs. Very. The poor fucker got hit by a car. confuse. no-good. make serious errors. Fool around. Go away." "Where's the fucking knife?" It has no meaning. f u c k off (fAk af) verb. rotten. soldiers. construction workers. "That's fucking great!" The word fucking is also used as an internal affix of a long word. Be idle.f u c k a r o u n d (f Ak a 'raund) verb. Unfortunate person. vulgar. There wasn't anything else to do. Brainwash. Disliked person. 1." f u c k o n e ' s fist verb phrase. adverb. "I was too busy to listen to his complaints. vulgar. "A drunk tried to cross the street against the light. "Ivan started using heroin and it really fucked his mind. Bad. the word fucking is used by habit as an adjective in front of any noun. Ruin. creating more work for others. To confuse permanently. vulgar. members of sports teams. stop bothering someone. "P." 2. worthless." 2. vulgar. other than to establish either the manhood of the speaker. f u c k o n e ' s m i n d verb phrase. Absolutely becomes abso-fucking-lutely. loiter at a place without any purposeful activity." f u c k up Of Ak 'Ap) verb. is a fucking idiot. 3. Tesponsible becomes irre-fucking-sponsible. that fucker? Don't trust him.

full of c r a p phrases." f u c k w i t h ('fAk wi6) verb. vulgar. The entrance to the vagina. Having a bad body odor. he manages to do it wrong." f u c k e d up ('fAkt Vp) adjective. Incorrectly assembled. is a real fuck-up. It's completely unimportant to me. Damn you! Said in great anger with hopes that the listener will have serious bad luck. The buttocks." f u r b u r g e r ('far bar gar) noun. "Anyone who fucks with old Sam better be careful. "D. * words with additional meanings not listed 143 . The vulva. "It was hot and sticky." full of it." f u c k y o u ! interjection. deal with in a dishonest way. "/ don't give a fuck what you say. vulgar. Interjection showing great anger and contempt for the listener. You irritate me. The dancers got all funky by the end of the evening. stoned (on drugs). (Go) f u c k y o u r s e l f ! interjection. I don't care in the least. Cause someone to suffer mental or physical injury." f u c k s o m e o n e up verb. No. slang. vulgar. "Don't listen to J. An incompetent person. sad. I'm going to do this my way. broken in many places. vulgar. To confuse. full of bull. vulgar. vulgar. 1. "This engine is all fucked up. Full of lies and exaggerated stories. I don't g i v e a fuck! expression." * f u n d a m e n t ('fAn da mant) noun. "The suicide fucked him up real bad. Interfere with. slang. f u n k y ('fAn ki) adjective. He's full of it. "Al gets fucked up every weekend. 2. vulgar.f u c k . Leave me alone.u p ('f Ak Ap) noun. Sam'll kill him. touch with intention of hurting or damaging. Someone who usually makes things worse when he does a job. vulgar. No matter how many times you explain something to him. euphemisms for full of shit. vulgar." Drunk.

" and not. health care. Americans have stopped using the word gay in its former meaning of "happy." p a s s g a s (paes 'gaes) verb. general use. An older person might still say. or have the female's consent. either male or female. There are 3 genders: masculine (male)." "We had our male cat neutered. Intestinal gas. This word is preferred by homosexuals. demonstrations. and child custody laws. It is nonderogatory. and neuter (neither male nor female).G G-spot (d3i: spat) noun. g a n g b a n g Cgaeg baen) noun. Homosexual. In the past few years. causes female ejaculation and a great release of body tension. general use. to most Americans. This act may be considered group rape. feminine (female)." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 144 . jolly. *gay (gei) adj. general use. housing. Sex in a group. this sentence now means "It was a party for homosexuals. slang. 2. g a y d a r ('gei da:r) noun. The extra "sense" that a gay person has that tells him or her if another person is gay or not. I get gas when I eat cabbage." G a y R i g h t s M o v e m e n t (gei raits 'mu:v mant) noun." in order to avoid misunderstanding. general use. vulgar. "What gender are the puppies?" "They're male. when stimulated during intercourse or masturbation. A small area in the front wall of the vagina that. care-free. "Doctor. Some of the goals are: change laws that discriminate against homosexuals. slang. Also referred to as Gay Liberation or Gay Activism. g e n d e r ('d^cn dar) noun. "It was a jolly party. *gas (gaes) noun. An event during which several males take turns having intercourse with one female. 1. and activities to increase the rights of homosexuals. slang. Expel gas from the rectum." However. "It was a gay party. Organized campaigns. gain equal rights in employment.

have an orgasm. We've got to get our shit together.g e n i t a l i a (d3e na 'tei li a) noun. To get organized. Home run. A young man who has a relationship with a woman (usually older. and vagina and vulva all are parts of human genitalia. get to touch a woman's breast on a date. Be successful at seducing a woman. "Vic wanted to get into his girlfriend's pants.) Usually in the negative. "Jack drank too much at the party." g i g o l o ('d3i ga lou) noun. Sexual activity. formal. plural. g e t i n t o h e r p a n t s verb phrase. He is not paid as a prostitute. slang. g e t it up (get it 'Ap) verb phrase. he couldn't get it up" g e t a l i t t l e a c t i o n (get a lit al 'aek Jan) noun. and this place is a mess. slang. but may receive money." *get h o t (get 'hat) verb phrase. Sex organs. "Get your end wet last night?" his roommate asked. gifts. and straighten up. Although he felt romantic. or richer). vulgar. The sailors visited a bar to see if they could get a little action with the women there. is to have intercourse. "I couldn't get to first base with her. slang. Be sexually satisfied. (A baseball analogy of the steps to seduction. Become sexually excited. Reproductive organs of male or female. "Jay gets off an dirty movies. or scoring. "The penis and testicles. * words with additional meanings not listed 145 . Have sexual intercourse with a woman. or complete support in appreciation for his attention. presents." g e t o n e ' s s h i t t o g e t h e r verb phrase. become prepared. favors. but she was waiting for an engagement ring. slang. ejaculate. vulgar. Be successful in getting a girl or woman's interest." g e t to first b a s e (get ta farst beis) verb phrase. general use. *get off verb phrase. Have an erection." g e t o n e ' s e n d w e t verb phrase. slang. vulgar. "It's just a few days before the inspectors come.

or cunnilingus. *give a s h o t verb phrase. Give mouth-to-genital stimulation. vulgar. such as a finger. Ejaculate in a woman. A disease that affects the sex organs. The crotch area. a specialist in delivering babies. vulgar. formal and medical use. slang. euphemism. "Hurry up in the bathroom." g y n e c o l o g i s t (gai na 'ka la d3ast) noun.g i v e h e a d (giv 'hed) verb phrase. Perform fellatio. formal. g o n a d s Cgou naedz) noun. Gonads. Have anal sex. the testes and the ovaries. plural. The word is also used humorously. general use. The buttocks. A doctor who specializes in treating women's reproductive organs. nads noun. "The football player pulled a muscle in his groin. g o n o r r h e a (ga na 'ri: a) noun. g r o i n (groin) noun. Symptoms in the man are a pus-filled discharge from the penis. formal and medical use. G r e e k w a y (gri:k wei) adverbial phrase. "Get off your gluteus maximus and start to work. Sex glands. slang. This may be done as a joke or as playful teasing. into another person's anus. One of the venereal diseases. A gynecologist may also be an obstetrician (ab sta 'tri fan). It is acquired through sexual contact with someone who has it. The reproductive organs. go d o w n t o w n verb. g l u t e u s m a x i m u s Cglu: ti: as 'maek si mas) noun." g o o s e (gu:s) verb. formal and medical use. and painful urination. The pubic area. Oral sex. An Indispenslble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 146 . "A woman may have gonorrhea with no visible external symptoms. slang. *go (gou) verb. euphemism. I have to goV go d o w n . go up t h e o l d d i r t r o a d verb phrase. vulgar. Abbreviated form of go to the toilet. To quickly poke something. Anal intercourse.

"Hey Joe. especially large ones. * h e l m e t ('hel met) noun. plural. general use. vulgar. A cheap prostitute. or mouth-to-genital stimulation. The bathroom. slang. Masturbation by hand. euphemism. children's word. "Not tonight. vulgar. The penis. The buttocks. slang. slang. * words with additional meanings not listed 147 . but is also used in bars and taverns. The female genitalia. This term is most common among sailors.) h a n d j o b ('haend d3ab) noun phrase. "Gary wakes up every morning with a hard on. vulgar. h a l f . what's new? How's your hammer hanging?" (A greeting between males. 1. slang. vulgar. Stupid. * h a m s (haemz) noun. The buttocks. The head of the penis. *to h a v e a h e a d a c h e (ta haev a 'hed eik) verb phrase. A condom." h a r l o t ('hair 1st) noun.h a l f (haef an haef) adj. * h e a d l i g h t s ('hed laits) noun.H h a i r p i e (hear pai) noun. To perform fellatio or cunnilingus on one's partner. 2. The head of the penis. h a r d on ('ha:rd an) noun. A sexually aggressive woman. Often said by a person when he or she is not interested in having sex at the moment. lazy.a s s e d (haef aest) adj. * h a m m e r ('haem ar) noun. slang. especially when considered as the object of cunnilingus. bitch in (hi:t) noun. 2. A woman's breasts. * h e a d (hed) noun. vulgar.a n d . slang. honey-I've got a headache" is now a standard joke. 1. to g i v e h e a d (ta giv 'hed) verb phrase. h a l f . h e i n i e ('hai ni) noun. *heat. Bisexual. plural. An erection (of the penis). vulgar. To orally stimulate the genitals. vulgar.

Piles. and sharing the same drinking glass or towels." h e r m a p h r o d i t e (har 'mae fra dait) noun.H e l l (hel) noun. Go to H e l l ! (gou ta hel) Expression. formal and general use. the souls are punished by fire and by devils. The opposite of Heaven. slang. blasphemy. Diarrhea. Interjection of annoyance at someone. "His doctor told him that chronic constipation can cause hemorrhoids. The use of this word is restricted by church teachings. * h e m i s p h e r e s ('he mis fiarz) noun. In Hell. formal and general use. H e r s h e y H i g h w a y Char Ji: 'hai wei) noun phrase. There is oral (on the mouth) herpes and genital herpes. Painful enlargements of veins near the anus. sex. h e r p e s Char pi:z) noun. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 148 . It is considered "swearing" when used in anger. However. Hell is a place where the souls or spirits of dead people go if they had been bad during their life on earth (according to traditional Christian teachings). Mild blasphemy. h e m o r r h o i d s ('he ma roidz) noun. It is a virus that causes painful blisters. It can be transmitted through kissing. Someone who prefers sexual relations with a member of the opposite sex. plural. when used for anal intercourse. Frequent and watery bowel movements. plural. The rectum. general use. The words "the hell" add emphasis and anger to the question that follows. h e t e r o s e x u a l (het a rou 'sek Ju: al) noun and adj. The opposite of homosexual (attracted to the same sex as oneself). toilet seats. Hershey comes from the name of a famous chocolate candy bar. A person who was born with both male and female sex organs. A woman's breasts. slang. Why the hell did you do that? What the hell do you think you're doing? Where the hell are you going? Who the hell do you think you are? Not approved for polite society. formal and general use. t h e h e l l noun. formal. H e r s h e y s q u i r t s Char Ji: skwarts) noun phrase. it is very common.

vulgar. male or female. A woman's genitals. Aroused sexually. She's got her high beams on.*Hi. h o o t e r s ('hu:t arz) noun. slang." h i n d e n d (hamd end) noun. *horn noun. "She was hot and breathing hard. homosexuals often can identify each other by the tone of voice without needing to say anything else. "I can't hold it till we get home. * words with additional meanings not listed 149 . and chest areas. h o m o s e x u a l ('hou mou 'sek Ju: al) noun and adjective. slang. Penis. slang. (har:) A greeting. Could you stop at a gas station so I can use the rest room?" *hole (houl) noun. The buttocks. derogatory use. with a gentle smile. *high b e a m s on (hai bi:mz an) adverbial phrase. vulgar." he whispered. The vagina. A purple or reddish mark that results from passionate nibbling or sucking on the skin.." *hot (hat) adj. When drawled slowly. * h o n e y p o t ('hA ni: pat) noun. slang. formal and general use. "You can walk down Eighth Avenue near 42nd Street and see all the hookers waiting for customers. "The sailors were all horny after six weeks at sea. slang. A prostitute. h i c k e y ('hi ki) noun. Any person. Breasts. A homosexual. h o m o ('hou mou) noun.. general use. Desiring sexual activity. usually in the neck. plural. slang. slang. shoulder. slang. To control one's need to have a bowel movement or to urinate. euphemism. "Take a look at that one. * h o o k e r ('hu ksr) noun. *hold it (hould it) verb phrase. who prefers sexual relations with persons of the same sex. *horny ('ho:r ni) adj. When a woman's nipples are erect and noticeable through her clothing." "I'm so hot for you.

(He has small genitals. h o t s h i t ('hat 'Jit) noun. Important person. vulgar. vulgar. h y m e n ('hai man) noun. vulgar. h y s t e r e c t o m y (hi sta 'rek ta mi) noun. A surgical operation to remove the uterus. but in my opinion he's a big zero. Jack told Fred that he had met a real hot number at the party. With sexual excitement. Have sexual intercourse with. The membrane (skin) that partly covers the vagina before a woman's first sexual intercourse. This is not as important in American society as it was two generations ago. (A mule is a large animal much like a horse. A cute and sexy person.) "Donald is hung like a mule. formal.h o t f l a s h e s (hat 'flae faz) noun.) Chet is hung like a mouse. The whole body may suddenly feel a quick flash of heat. complained to her doctor about the hot flashes she was having. A symptom that sometimes accompanies the menopause in middle-aged women. slang. h u n g l i k e a m u l e (hAn. *hung. "Frank thinks he's hot shit. "He was breathing all hot and heavy." "Val is really hung. An unbroken hymen is considered to be a sign of virginity. In most cases it is to avoid sexually transmitted diseases. Used in a derogatory sense." h o t to t r o t (hat ta trat) adj. plural. general use." (He has very large genitals. slang. hAn laik a 'myul) adj. slang." h o t n u m b e r (hat Win bar) noun. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 150 . slang. "B. Today. when young women abstain from sex it is rarely to preserve their virginity. formal. A prostitute. Ready for sexual activity. * h u m p (hAmp) verb. To have a penis and testicles the size of a mule's." h o t a n d h e a v y ('hat an 'he vi) adverbs.) * h u s t l e r ('hAS lar) noun.

I i l l e g i t i m a t e (i la 'c^i ta mat) adjective. ^ i m p o t e n t ('im pa tant) adj." i n c e s t ('in sest) noun. Don and his wife went to an infertility clinic to get medical help. parent and child. Unable to get or keep an erection long enough to have successful sexual intercourse. "Glen hoped an improved diet would help his impotence" i m p r e g n a t e (im 'preg neit) verb. "Hal accused his wife of infidelity when he found out she had been seeing an old boyfriend. general use. formal and legal use (derogatory). i n f e r t i l i t y (in far 'ti la ti) noun. not within marriage. i n c o n t i n e n t (in 'kan ti nant) adj. formal To make a female pregnant. first cousins. Unable to stop the flow of urine from the bladder. The law forbids marriage between brother and sister. formal and general use. formal and medical use. formal. The evidence for that is: they are here. grandparent and child." This term may also refer to inability to control defecation. The inability to have sexual intercourse. Inability to have children. uncle or aunt and child. "After four years of marriage with no children." " words with additional meanings not listed 151 . "The elderly woman was embarrassed because she was incontinent and often passed urine when she laughed or sneezed. formal and general use. formal. Sex with a partner who is not one's own husband or wife. Unfaithfulness. "A single man is capable of impregnating thousands of women." i n f i d e l i t y (in fa 'dc la ti) noun. This term is no longer politically correct: all children have a legitimate right to be here. Incest is a sexual relationship between people who are so closely related that they would not be allowed to marry. i m p o t e n c e ('im pa tans) noun. Not legal.

The vagina. vulgar. Not having regular bowel movements. euphemism. A married man is said to be satisfied with his own wife for the first seven years of marriage. 3." * i n t i m a t e Cm ta mat) adj. *it (it) noun. "Some newly married couples have intercourse twice or more a day. "Olivia takes hot water and lemon juice in the morning whenever she is irregular. make it w i t h = have sexual intercourse." 2. An intra-uterine device (in tra 'yu da nn da 'vais). Constipated. Sexual intercourse.D. "Leo has it. 2. Emotionally or physically close. The penis. 1. Having irregular menstrual periods. It prevents pregnancy. "Lorna is my intimate friend. 1. *itch (it J) noun. general use. A method of birth control." * i n t e r c o u r s e ('in tar koirs) noun. Sexually intimate. 1. The male sex organ. "Fred has the seven-year itch and he's only been married two years!" I. euphemism. do it." 2. formal and medical use. euphemism. slang. The female sex organs. slang. 1. Masturbate." 2. (an yu: di:) noun.* i n n o c e n t ('i na sant) adj. Human or business relations or communications. and "itch" to have relations with them. euphemism. "Hillary was innocent until she was nineteen years old. make it. and then begins to look around at other women. The device is a specially shaped plastic and metal loop which is permanently inserted into a woman's uterus by a doctor. slang. formal and general use. The desire for sexual experience. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 152 . Sex appeal.U. "Brian and Rita were intimate before they were married. Inexperienced sexually. the seven-year itch noun." * i r r e g u l a r (i 'reg yu lar) adj. 4. have difficulties in defecation. J j a c k off (d3aek o:f) verb.

(This is done in spite of the church's restrictions. vulgar. j e w d o w n (dzu: 'daun) verb. restricted use. It may be caused by heavy sweating. This may happen even if the young person was a willing partner. offensive.) J e s u s . j i s m ('d3i zam) noun. The punishment is up to twenty years in jail. J e s u s Christ. J e s u s ('d3i: zas) noun. Masturbate. Msogismjizz. restricted use. In the Christian religion. the divine human appointed by God to be the Savior. According to Christian teachings. he or she may be accused of rape. A person who has joined a sect of Christianity that requires him or her to leave their home. Jesus is the name of the Son of God. slang. If a person over the legal age has sexual intercourse with a girl or boy under the age. However. vulgar. slang. and try to convert others. trying to get something for less money. it is heard quite frequently. j o c k i t c h ('d3ak itf) noun. slang. To argue with a salesman over a price. This is called statutory rape ('stae t fyu tua ri reip). This name may be used in any informative discussion of Jesus or His teachings. anger. or pain. Jesus. Derogatory to Jews. The Christian church forbids the use of the name in disrespectful ways. Semen.f r e a k Cd3i: zas fri:k) noun. collect money from the public. j a z z a r o u n d (d3sez a 'raund) verb phrase. Have intercourse."age of consent" (which is different in each state). J e s u s C h r i s t (d3i: zas 'kraist) noun. j e r k off (d39rk o:f) verb. and Christ are often used in expressions of surprise. ' words with additional meanings not listed 153 . slang. but it is considered blasphemy among Christians to use it in a disrespectful manner. An itchy rash in the crotch area between the legs.

* k i n k y Ckirj ki) adj. *john (d3un) noun. vulgar. slang. slang. A woman's breasts." 2. verb phrase. The buttocks. sports. * k n o c k e r s ('na ksrz) noun. vulgar. Homosexual. plural. games. ^joystick ('d30i stik) noun. She enjoyed being tied to the bed. To become pregnant. and I told him to kiss my ass. A garment worn by males to support the genitals and protect them from injury during athletic activities. "Hank asked me to lend him money again." *knob (nab) noun. experimental. The penis.j o c k s t r a p (d3ak straep) noun. vulgar. The penis. "Corey's daughter got knocked up. make ka ka. strange. slang. *jugs (d3Agz) noun." to g e t k n o c k e d up (ta get nakt 'AP) verb phrase. The bathroom. 1. To get a woman pregnant. The penis. children's word. J o h n s o n (d3un san) noun. slang. Unusual. *joint (d3omt) noun. etc. K ka ka ('ka ka) noun. which seemed kinky to George. "George always dressed like a woman to make love to his wife. slang. so Corey forced Thomas to marry her. plural. vulgar. slang. as in kinky sex. Defecate. "Jay knocked up his girlfriend and was afraid his wife would find out. k n o c k up (nak 'Ap) verb. Penis. Feces. An athletic supporter. A woman's breasts. k i s s my a s s ! (krs man aes) vulgar expression: No. k e e s t e r ('ki: star) noun. vulgar. slang. I certainly won't do what you asked." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 154 . That seemed kinky to her.

noun. a woman should have a nice body and a passionate nature. Toilet.) *lay (lei) 1. Do not confuse with laboratory." "To be a good lay. "Cassandra looked like a good lay to him. euphemism. "And Adam knew his wife and she brought forth Cain." l e c h e r ('le tjar) noun." L l a b i a ('lei bi: a) noun. l a d y of e a s y v i r t u e ('lei di av 'i: zi: 'var tjyu:) noun. laxative ('laek sa tiv) noun. general use. euphemism. very old-fashioned use. l a v a t o r y ('lae va to ri) noun. general use. vulgar. l a t r i n e (la 'tri:n) noun. A person who has strong sexual desires." he said. A food or medicine that causes or promotes a bowel movement. l a d y of t h e n i g h t ('lei di av da nait) noun. a place where scientists work. This is the term used in the Christian Bible. jokingly. (This word comes from the French and means washroom. "He laid her twice. so she used a laxative that her doctor recommended." 2." "Katrina was constipated." "She wanted to get laid. "I hear that eating oysters puts lead in your pencil." It is now used as a euphemism. This word implies that the person is immoral (already married) or vulgar in his attentions to the persons he leches after. A prostitute. general use. vulgar. Have sexual intercourse. The folds of flesh around the vagina." B: "In the Biblical sense?" A: "No. ' words with additional meanings not listed 155 . euphemism. The ability to get and keep a firm erection. A prostitute. Have sexual intercourse with. A hole dug into the ground for use as a toilet.* k n o w (nou) verb. A: "I knew Sally in school." l e a d in o n e ' s p e n c i l ('led in WAnz 'pen sal) noun phrase. The quality of a woman as a sexual partner. derogatory. just as classmates. verb. "Dried fruit such as prunes act as a laxative for most people. a toilet. slang. formal and medical use. euphemism.

To live as husband and wife in the same home without being married to each other. a crime against God's laws. The bathroom. this is a sin. derogatory euphemism for fornicate. l e s b i a n ('lez bi: an) noun. "Justin is a lecherous old fool." *live t o g e t h e r (liv ta ge 'der) verb phrase. To live as man and wife in the same home without being married to each other. general use. slang. euphemism. l i t t l e b l a c k b o o k ('lit al blaek 'buk) noun. No derogatory judgment is implied in this word. l i v e in s i n (liv in 'sm) verb phrase. Excessive (too much) sexual interest or activity. 1. "Mrs. According to religious teachings. A man's address book containing the names and phone numbers of the sex partners he has had. Interested in sex. Lustful. Have sexual intercourse with. or would like to have-and sometimes with comments about them. This word is used by someone who is not interested in the attention of such a person. "A very proper and strictly religious person might think that there is too much lechery in the world today.l e c h e r y ('le tj"a ri) noun. general use. l e w d (lu:d) adj. euphemism. Having strong sexual desires. Living in the culture of homosexuals and lesbians. slang. in t h e life (in da 'laif) noun phrase. formal and general use. and keep books and magazines there." said Maria. euphemism." l e c h e r o u s ('le tj"a res) adj. 2. (So named because many people read in the bathroom. "Rick and Tanya lived together for three years before they got married. Working as a prostitute." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 156 . general use.) *lie w i t h ('lai: wiG) verb phrase. *library ('lai brer i) noun. A female homosexual. Jameson refused to visit her daughter because she felt that the girl was living in sin with a boyfriend.

m a k e it w i t h (meik it wi9) verb phrase. * l u n g s (lAnz) noun. The crotch area. slang. Spend time hugging. but she doesn't seem to care for him. This expression implies tenderness and affectionate emotion. or not being careful in the choice of sexual partners. "Frank has made 75% of all the girls he's dated. euphemism." 2. general use. euphemism. we used to make out in drive-in movies. slang." m a k e l o v e (meik 'L\v) verb phrase. * m a k e (meik) verb. * l o o s e (lu:s) adjective. plural. To have sexual desire. "Did you see the pair of lungs on that singer?" *lust (IASO 1.*loins (bmz) noun." M * m a d a m ('mae dam) noun. "Bill would like to make it with Susie. noun. verb. slang. "Marcie and Tom had a beautiful evening: First they ate at a fine restaurant. The hymen. m a i d e n h e a d ('mei dan hed) noun. The reproductive organs. a flap of skin that partly covers the vagina before a woman has her first sexual experience. Having many sex partners. "Jose lusts after all big-breasted women. euphemism." "I can be made. slang. A woman's breasts." * words with additional meanings not listed 157 ." she said. "When we were teenagers. and petting (touching). (among men) Only a man would ask someone. plural. including sexual relations. Have sexual intercourse with. and finally they went home and made love" m a k e o u t (with) (meik 'aut) verb phrase. besides the simple physical act. "Sexy movies are made to arouse lust. euphemism. general use. A woman who manages a house of prostitution. then they saw a good movie. Have a successful relationship. Promiscuous. kissing. Have sexual intercourse (with). general use. strong sexual desire.

formal and general use. euphemism. A man may refer to his wife as his "mate. formal and medical use. 1. A person who enjoys making out. "It's mating season. euphemism. as animals do. House of prostitution." This implies an affectionate feeling toward her. "All mammals have m a m m a r y g l a n d s to produce milk for their young. verb. formal and general use.m a k e ." m a n in t h e b o a t (maen in da 'bout) noun phrase. general use. Pass gas. slang." *meat (mi:t) noun. An animal's sexual partner in producing young ones. vulgar. m a s t u r b a t e ('mae star beit) verb. "A masochist may want his sex partner to tie him with ropes and beat him with a leather strap. possibly with a different girl on each occasion. The penis. derogatory. * m a t e (meit) noun. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 158 ." 3." * m a s s a g e p a r l o r (ma 'sa3 'pair lar) noun. A more-or-less permanent lover and companion. insult or being badly treated. Clitoris. The breasts. "Brenda's purebred Siamese cat ran out of the house and mated with an ugly old alley cat. general use. all the male deer are looking for mates. To touch and stimulate one's own genitals in order to have an orgasm. slang. The glands that produce milk for newborn babies." 2. plural. vulgar. "Is this your first date with Gary? Be careful-he's known as a real make-out artist.) m a s o c h i s m ('mas sa ki zam) noun. Homosexual. Asexual partner." m a k e a r u d e n o i s e (meik a ru:d noiz) verb phrase. (From the Spanish. A perversion in which a person (a masochist) receives pleasure from pain. m a m m a r y g l a n d s ('mae ma ri glaendz) noun. To copulate for the purposes of producing babies or young ones. a husband or wife.o u t a r t i s t ('meik aut 'a:r tast) noun. "Thanks for the dinner invitation. m a r i c o n (ma ri: 'koun) noun. masturbation (mae star 'bei Jan) noun form. I'll let you know if we can come as soon as I talk with my mate.

m e a t h o u s e (mi:t haos) noun. The time when a girl begins to menstruate. or in some other inappropriate place. "The baby messed (in) his diaper. Also: m e n s e s *mess (mes) verb. formal and medical use. *milkers ('mil karz) noun. • words with additional meanings not listed 159 . To have a bowel movement in a diaper. slang." m e n a r c h y (me 'na:r ki) noun. slang 1. in one's underwear. ^ m e m b e r ('mem bar) noun. House of prostitution. 2." m e n o p a u s e ('me na poz) noun. Urinate. *the M i l k y Way (da 'mil ki rwei) noun. vulgar. Three partners having sexual intercourse." m e n s t r u a t i o n (men 'stru ei Jan) noun. slang. The end of a woman's childbearing years. formal. vulgar. euphemism." "The child messed her pants. Masturbate. Semen." *mettle ('met al) noun. formal and medical use. The penis. m e n a g e a t r o i s (ma 'nu3 a 'trwa) noun.b e a t t h e m e a t (bi:t da mi:t) verb phrase. A woman's breasts. Manliness. when menstruation stops and the ovaries stop producing female sex hormones. "Most women enter menopause between forty-two and fifty-five years of age. "The average age of menarchy among American girls is 12 years and four months. formal and general use. The penis. slang. A woman's breasts. slang. euphemism. "Ben invited his girlfriend and her roommate on a date. plural. The monthly passing of discarded blood from the lining of the uterus." The dog messed in the living room. m i d d l e l e g ('mid al 'leg) noun. It was his fantasy to have a menage a trois. m i c t u r a t e ('mik tjya reit) verb.

They called it the missionary position. A person who harms or threatens to harm another person (child) sexually." said Emily. h a n g a moon (haerj a 'mu:n) verb phrase. moon. euphemism. to be in t h e (ta bi: in da mu:d) verb phrase. Menstrual period. I think I might be pregnant. "I'd rather be a man's mistress than his wife. general use. who preferred rear-entry intercourse were surprised at the face-to-face manner of the missionaries. They are afraid of being molested.m i s s i o n a r y p o s i t i o n ('mi Ja ner t pa 'zi Jan) noun. but is not married to him. Also: chuck a m o o n An Indispenslble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 160 . general use. showing one's buttocks out of a window. The position for sexual intercourse in which the man lies on top of the woman." * m i s t r e s s ('mi stres) noun. "She knew he was in the mood when he showed up with flowers for her. m o l e s t (ma lest) verb. slang." * m o o n (mum) noun. general use. M o n t e z u m a ' s r e v e n g e ('man ta zu: maz ra 'vend3) noun. general use. To pull down one's underpants and bend over. Diarrhea." "Officer! Arrest that man! He molested me!" m o l e s t e r . Missionaries from Christian churches came to Africa to run schools and teach religion. slang. * m o n t h l y CmAnB li) noun. especially when one is a tourist in Mexico or some other Central or South American country. To not have a menstrual period on schedule. To harm or threaten a person in a sexual manner. The natives. The buttocks. vulgar. "Doctor. slang." *mood. tjaild ma 'les tar) noun. m i s s a p e r i o d (mis a 'pi: ri: ad) verb phrase. "Bonnie doesn't like to play tennis when she has her monthly. euphemism. c h i l d m o l e s t e r (ma 'les tar. I missed my period. Montezuma was the last Aztec Mexican emperor whose empire was destroyed by Spanish invaders. "Many women do not walk outside alone at night. A woman who has a permanent relationship with a man. To be ready for sexual activity. is his mistress.

vulgar euphemism. An old friend.F. Oral sex. A person who has sexual fantasies or desires to have sex with a dead body. man's tongue on a woman's genitals. and necked through the whole show. "Shut up you little mother. (em ef) noun. * words with additional meanings not listed 161 . meanest mother-fucker who ever walked on earth. sat in the back row. the original meaning-a person who fucks his mother-is lost when people hear the word many times. but still quite vulgar.* m o t h e r ('ITIA 5ar) noun. Euphemism for mother-fucker." M. This word is among the most vulgar of American expressions to those who hear it for the first time. I wonder if I should take a laxative. "I haven't moved my bowels for three days." *muff (mAf) noun. slang. "They went to a movie. you old mother-fuckerl It's good to see you!" "I was in big trouble until Al came along. formal. Defecate. vulgar.d i v i n g ('mAf dai virj) noun phrase. formal. "Marty. N * n a p k i n ('naep km) noun. *neck (nek) verb. general use. * m u f f . Short for mother-fucker. now becoming commonly used. A woman's pubic area. Sanitary napkin." n e c r o p h i l i a c (nek ro 'fi li: aek) noun. However." said Charles. "You rotten mother-fucker\ Get the hell out of here!" 2. That motherfucker saved my life. m o v e o n e ' s b o w e l s (muiv wunz bauls) verb phrase. vulgar. British use: baby diaper. Cunnilingus. hateful person. worn by a woman during her monthly period. "Old Man Rather is the rottenest. A detestable. vulgar. To kiss and caress. a buddy." "Who's the mother that took my wallet?" mother-fucker ('mA dar 'fA kar) noun.

children's euphemism. formal and ^ eneral use. Not having sexual characteristics. verb. Expression of disgust or disappointment. Sexual intercourse. vulgar. vulgar. The rubber mouthpiece on a baby's bottle. She may have many sex partners. Not acceptable to the moral standards of the community. 2." n i p p l e s Cm pals) noun. and still not be satisfied. To remove the sex glands so the animal cannot reproduce. formal. "Oh nuts-ihe movie I wanted to see isn't playing anymore. slang. "We had our cat neutered. Pictures of naked bodies may be considered obscene by one group of people. general use. "The baby did number two in his pants. 1. euphemism. The little bumps in the center of the breasts. children's euphemism. A strongly sexed woman." * n u m b e r t w o (num bar tu:) noun. "Sean went out looking for nookie." "How about a little nookie tonight?" he asked her. make number two. The vagina. 1. n o o k i e ('nu ki) noun. * n u m b e r o n e (num bar 'WAII) noun. adj. n o c t u r n a l e m i s s i o n (nak 'tar nal i 'mi /an) noun. plural. 2. I have to make number one. A woman with an unusually strong desire for sexual intercourse.n e u t e r ('nu: Dar) 1. To castrate or spay an animal. 2. 2. Not male and not female. plural." n y m p h o m a n i a c (mm fou mei ni: aek) noun. She is suffering from nymphomania. general use. do number t w o = defecate. slang." *nutS (nAts) noun. Urine. 1. Feces. 0 o b s c e n e (ab 'si:n) adj. Boys start having nocturnal emissions at around fourteen years of age. general use. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 162 . Testicles. "Daddy. 2. Disgusting. but beautiful by another group of people. offensive. 1. Ejaculation of semen during sleep while having a sex dream.

formal and general use.g e n i t a l ('a." o p p o s i t e s e x .) "Henry was tired of one-night stands. slang. formal. For a man. slang." o b s t e t r i c i a n (ab sta 'tn Jon) noun. "Many couples enjoy oral-genital sex. a woman is the opposite sex. (This expression comes from show-business slang: A traveling show may spend only one night in a small town. A doctor who delivers babies." o l d m a i d (ould meid) noun. and cares for pregnant women. No one laughed-it was the wrong place. one-eyed zipper snake. by their own choice. this is called a one-night stand. Mouth-to-penis or mouth-to-clitoris sexual stimulation. he wanted to meet a woman he could love and have a permanent relationship with. A vulgar word. o b s c e n i t y (ab 'S3 na ti) noun. t h e ('a pa zat 'seks) noun. * o n e . The other sex.o b s c e n e l a n g u a g e = vulgar language. do not marry and there is no social penalty for this." o r a l s e x See above. A sexual relationship that lasts for only one evening. ral 'd3e na tal) adj." o r a l . rords with additional meanings not listed 163 . one-eyed pants mouse. "Teenagers begin to take great interest in the opposite sex. formal and general use. Having sexual meanings that are possibly offensive to some people. slang. The penis. off-color (o:f 'ICA lar) adj. This term has become obsolete. An older unmarried woman. o n e . Some people may think this book is obscene. and others will think it is educational. There was a cold silence.e y e d w o r m (WAII aid 'warm) noun. one-eyed trouser trout. derogatory. slang.n i g h t s t a n d (WAII nait staend) noun. Many women. Also. "George told an off-color joke at the meeting. general use. An obscene or disgusting thing. "Ned shouted obscenities at the driver who had cut him off in traffic.

"She took her temperature every day to find out when she was ovulating. Condom. Sexual climax in male or female. The full supply of a woman's reproductive cells. The deep pit dug under it was the toilet. ovulate verb. "A single ovum is released by the ovary each month. located in the abdomen. exaggerated way. Sex organ. or other pleasures." (That is. formal and general use. Often used in a joking. Womb. general use: egg. Excess (more than enough) activity in eating. formal and medical use." *orgy ('o:r d3i) noun.) * o v e n ('A van) noun. slang. formal and general use. o u t of w e d l o c k ('aut av 'wed lak) phrase. In the days before indoor plumbing. o v u l a t i o n (a vyu 'lei Jan) noun. Referring to children born to an unmarried mother. uterus.) * o v e r c o a t ('ou var kout) noun. plural. "She had a child out of wedlock. sex. o u t h o u s e ('aut haus) noun. his wife is pregnant. and one in the oven. "He's got one kid already. formal and medical use. A party at which a great deal of uninhibited sexual activity occurs. The monthly release of an ovum from the ovary. (singular form: ovum) 2. slang." o v a r y ('ou va ri) noun. o r g a s m ('a:r gae zam) noun. A woman has two ovaries. euphemism. general use. the rhythmic involuntary vaginal contractions in a female.* o r g a n ('o:r gan) noun. a small building (shack) in which there was a seat with a hole. 1. 2." o v a ('ou va) noun. The penis. The female organ that produces the ova." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 164 . The moment of ejaculation for a male. (See picture on page 85. slang. " Jeanne tte had never experienced an orgasm until she met Joshua. formal and general use. 1. but later married the father.

or sexual excitement.) "She is a. vulgar.P * p a c k a g e ('pas kid3) noun. Work as a prostitute. Women's or girls' underpants. To sell sexual favors for money. p a s s i o n a t e ('pae fa nat) adj. poorquality whisky or beer. Condom. "The barmaid has quite a. "His bathing suit was tight. Great emotion. vulgar. The doctor takes a small sample of the cells of the cervix of the uterus. Stains on the front of a man's clothes from dried semen. general use. Having intense feelings. pass wind. (These may be anger." *pair (pear) noun. vulgar. Female. vulgar. p a s s g a s (paes 'gaes) verb phrase. * words with additional meanings not listed 165 . pass air. Cheap. P a p s m e a r Cpaep smiar) noun. vulgar slang. formal and medical use. p e d d l e o n e ' s a s s Cpe dal WAnz 'aes) verb phrase. p e c k e r Cpe kar) noun. "Women are advised to have a Pap smear once a year. A woman's breasts. passionate woman and she wants a passionate husband. A strong desire for sex. A man's genitals. love. to be tested in the laboratory. so she could see that he had a nice package. slang. The penis. general use. p e c k e r t r a c k s Cpe kar traeks) noun. plural. vulgar. hasn't she?" p a n t h e r p i s s (paen 9ar pis) noun." *party h a t (pair ti haet) noun. Also. slang." * p a t c h (paetf) noun. Expel gas from the rectum. * p a s s i o n ('pae Jan) noun. general use. general use. p a n t i e s ('paen ti:z) noun. A test for cancer of the cervix. pair. Very emotional.

"Sarah missed her period so she bought a pregnancy test kit at the drug store. A homosexual man who has relations with a young boy. general use. p e e p e e ('pi: pi:) 1." p e d o p h i l i a (pe da 'f i li: a) noun. Spanish = pubic hair. A very stupid. p e l v i c e x a m i n a t i o n (pel vik eg 'zae ma nei Jan) noun. noun. Urine. The act of v. An internal examination of a woman's reproductive organs. noun. 2. Penis." m i s s a p e r i o d (mis a 'pir i: ad) verb phrase. "Debra went to the doctor for an annual pelvic examination and Pap smear. children's word. and may molest them. vulgar. Urine. noun. The time of the month when a woman's uterus releases the supply of blood that has been building up in it. slang." 3." 2. Sexual relations between a man and a young boy. or watch couples engage in sexual activates. itering. verb. p e e (pi:) 1.p e d e r a s t Cpe dar aest) noun. "Mommy. A voyeur." "Her period was late. formal. 1." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 166 . vulgar. A pedophile is a person who has sexual desires for children. children's word." *period Cpir i: ad) noun. A person who gets pleasure from secretly looking (peeping) into windows to watch others get undressed. Urinate. * p e n e t r a t i o n (pe na 'trei Jan) noun. general use. "Penetration is difficult or impossible without a firm erection of the penis. I have topee pee real bad. verb. "The police arrested the man and charged him with pederasty. clumsy person. formal and general use. The menstrual period. children's word. "Helen's period usually lasted six last_days. the entering of the vagina by the penis. vulgar. Loving children in a sexual way. p e e p i n g T o m (pi: pirj 'tarn) noun. formal. formal. "The dogpee'd all over the floor." 2. Urinate. formal. "There's pee pee on the floor." p e n d e j o (pen 'de ho) noun. pederasty Cpe dar aes ti) noun. Not have a monthly period.

p i e c e of s h i t (pi:s av 'Jit)/(pi:s a 'Jit) noun. "How about a little piece tonight?" p i e c e of a s s (pi:s av 'aes) noun. *pill. She was the only person who had not brought a gift. vulgar. A person who engages in some form of perversion or unnatural sexual activity. general use." "Julie felt like apiece of shit when she arrived at the party. Swollen or varicose veins in the region of the anus. "Silvia was on the pill." said the cowboy.p e r v e r s i o n (par 'var 3an) noun." p i e c e (pi:s) noun. * p e t e r ('pi:t ar) noun. Most experts now say that it is a way of being that people are born with. and is not an illness to correct. A woman as a sexual object. t h e (pil) noun. Short for piece of ass or piece of tail." p i e c e of t a i l (pi:s av 'teil) noun. p i d d l e (pid al) verb. "That new motorcycle I bought is apiece of shit. it has been in the repair shop six times since I got it. A birth control pill. vulgar. general use. The penis. A sexual practice that is considered unusual and unacceptable to a majority of people. Derogatory. "The puppy piddled whenever it was excited. "Homosexuality was considered a perversion in American culture until recently. vulgar. usually taken daily. Hemorrhoids. Any worthless. slang. breasts. vulgar. children's word. general use." said Patrick. 1." * words with additional meanings not listed 167 . An act of sexual ij Ltercourse. useless thing. and genitals. Urinate. general use. "I'm going down to town and get me a piece of ass. Same as piece of ass. 2. "That new receptionist looks like a nice piece of ass." *piles (paialz) noun." * p e r v e r t ('par vart) noun. euphemism. *pet (pet) verb. To caress and fondle (touch) skin. so she wasn't afraid of getting pregnant.

vulgar." he said. lavender. of very low quality. considering what we paid for it. Euphemism. lb spend money without thinking.o. "Ted gets pissed off when another car cuts him off in traffic. of a wild color-such as gold." p i s s e d off (pist 'o:f) adj." p. slang. vulgar. verb. slang." "That pisses me off. Urine. daring. Poor. lb waste. p i s s (pis) 1. noun.'d (pi: 'oud) slang. Defecate. p i n c h a l o a f (pmt3 a 'louf) verb phrase. vulgar. or amusing person or child. A very expensive car. or a large percentage of the money she makes." 2.'d. "There's no need for you to get p. She in turn pays him nearly all. He's only four years old but he knows how to flirt with girls. *pipe (paip) noun. 1. Urinate. "That was a piss poor dinner. abbreviation for pissed off. 2. Urinate. "Fixing the refrigerator was a real pisser. A man who manages one or more prostitutes. vulgar. p i m p m o b i l e (pimp mou 'bi:l) noun. "Philip inherited a fortune from his rich uncle but he pissed it away on cars and fancy women. He finds customers for her. " I'll pay for the things I broke." p i s s e r ('pis ar) noun. p i s h (piJ") verb.p i m p (pimp) noun. Angry." "That really makes me angry. "Young Willy is a real pisser. We didn't have any of the right tools. vulgar. often a Cadillac. p i s s a w a y (pis 3 'wei) verb phrase. children's word. slang. A remarkable. vulgar.o. slang. An expression of disagreement or disapproval. A difficult job." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 168 ." *ss on t h a t ! (pis an 'daet) exclamation. Penis. p i s s p o o r (pis puir) adj. vulgar. and bails her out of jail when she is arrested. or pink.

The purpose of pornography is to get a person sexually excited. slang. movies. Male to male friend: "I'm going home to play "hide the sausage" with my wife. He often did and said things that shocked us kids. *play p o c k e t p o o l (plei 'pa kat purl) verb phrase. Suck a penis. but he was still full of piss and vinegar. Be careful. Masturbate. Oral sex. slang. "The child played by himself (or herself)" has no dangerous meanings. p o r n o g r a p h y (po:r 'na gra fi) noun. general use. *poop. slang. But "The child played with himself (or herself)" means he or she was masturbating. noun: Feces. and pictures that tell about or show scenes of sexual activities." p l a y " h i d e t h e s a u s a g e " (plei 'haid da 'so: sid3) verb phrase.p i s s a n d v i n e g a r (pis an 'vi na gar) noun phrase. verb: To defecate. * words with additional meanings not listed 169 . vulgur. Fellatio. Stories. books. formal and general use. To play alone. Contrast with play by oneself. "Laura had a platonic relationship with Victor for years. p o o p c h u t e (pu:p Tu:t) noun. 1. humorous use. Also." p l a t o n i c (pla 'ta nak) adjective. slang. To masturbate or stimulate oneself through the pants pocket. 'pu: pu:) children's word. p l a y w i t h o n e s e l f ('plei wiG wAn self) verb phrase. play the (pink) piccolo. ability to shock others. "My grandfather was ninety years old. Energy. Have sexual intercourse. vulgar. without friends. 2. The anus. This refers to a friendship between male and female that does not include sex. independent thinking. p l a y t h e s k i n f l u t e (plei da 'skin flu:t) verb phrase. p o o p o o (purp.

Toilet. euphemism. form." p o t to p i s s in noun. This term is most often used in the negative: "We were so poor. "Wally's potency increased when he improved his diet and started taking vitamins. They may excuse themselves to go "powder my nose" (apply face make up). formal and general use." ^ p o s s e s s (pa 'zes) verb." p r e g n a n t Cpreg nant) adjective. and there he possessed her. "Nellie enjoyed pornographic movies. A small toilet especially for training little children.p o r n o g r a p h i c (pair na 'grae frk) adj. formal and general use." p o t t y (pat i) noun. formal and general use. Having a baby develop in one's uterus. we didn't have a pot to piss in. generally in restaurants and other public places. p r e g n a n c y Cpreg nan si) noun." "The man at the candy store was arrested for selling pornography to children." p o s t e r i o r (pas 'tiar i: ar) noun." An Indlspensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 170 . The bathroom. "Naomi was delighted to be pregnant." Sometimes both the father-to-be and the mother-to-be are referred to as "the pregnant couple. gestation. The basic things that money can buy. "She had a very easy pregnancy and an easy delivery. Have sexual intercourse. It has a removable pot. This word is found in women's romance novels. This word is used by women. The buttocks. euphemism. and in books printed before it was legal to use stronger language. A euphemism for using the toilet. The nine month period during which a baby grows in its mother's uterus. vulgar. p o w d e r r o o m Cpau dar ru:m) noun. children's word. * p o t e n c y Cpou tan si) noun. euphemism. "He carried her to his bed. A man's ability to perform sexual intercourse.

The penis. p r i m e one's p u m p (praim WAnz 'pAmp) verb. formal. She reported this as sexual harassment. p r i v a t e p a r t s (prai vats. 2. prai vat pa:rts) noun. A birth control device.& kyu 'lei Jan) noun. One who finds a prostitute for a customer. 1." * words with additional meanings not listed 171 . 2. p r o f a n i t y (pro: 'fee na ti) noun. This word describes a person who has sexual relations with many different partners. This is when a man reaches a climax (ejaculation) before or shortly after the penis enters the vagina. "Don't use profanity in the classroom. p r o c u r e r (prou 'kyur ar) noun. p r o p h y l a c t i c (prou fa 'laek tik)/(pra fa 'laek tik) noun. A doctor who specializes in treating diseases of the rectum and anus. also used to reduce the spread of disease. A disliked (male) person. p r i v a t e s . general use. "Wanda told her children to tell her. 1. euphemism." "Beverly was shocked when her supervisor propositioned her. euphemism.p r e m a t u r e e j a c u l a t i o n (pri: ma 'tjoar i d?. A person who persuades others to work as prostitutes. plural. To get one sexually excited. The suggestion of sexual activity. Men would walk up to her on the street and proposition her. euphemism. To ask another person to have sex. 2. * p r o p o s i t i o n (pra pa 'zi Jan) 1. formal." p r o c t o l o g i s t (prak 'ta la d3ist) noun. "Jane was very attractive. Religious taboo words forbidden by church teachings. formal. and who is not very careful in choosing a partner. noun. verb. general use. A condom. general use. or the teacher or principal if anyone tried to touch them in their private parts. The genital area of a man or woman. vulgar. *prick (pnk) noun. slang." p r o m i s c u o u s (prou 'mi skyu: as)/(pra 'mi skyu: as) adj. Vulgar words and expressions.

formal and general use. the gland that surrounds the urethra near the bladder. The time when children develop into adults. she wouldn't put out for him. Homosexual. To allow someone to have sexual intercourse.S. p u b i c h a i r Cpyu: bik hear) noun. * q u i c k i e ('kwi ki) noun. the average girl reaches puberty at age eleven. vulgar. * q u e e r (kwiar) noun. A male homosexual with feminine appearance and manners. A homosexual. The lower part of the abdomen. The vagina and vulva. A short session of sexual intercourse. slang. p u b e r t y Cpyu: bar ti) noun." p u b i c a r e a Cpyu: bik 'ear i: a) noun. slang. vulgar. In a man. the average boy achieves it at fourteen.p r o s t a t e ('pra steit) noun. thanks" she said.w h i p p e d Cpu si wipt) adjective. The vulva. Unhappily married. slang. Give sexual favors (usually said of a woman). p u s s y . slang. "In the U. Bossed around by a woman. The crotch. vulgar. (male use) To have sexual intercourse. Have some pussy. formal and medical use." Q * q u e e n (kwi:n) noun. "Whenever Gerty was pissed off at her husband. formal and general use. The hair in the pubic area. *put o u t (for) (put 'aut) verb. adj. formal and general use. q u i m (kwim) noun. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 172 . The external female genital area. "No. p u d e n d u m (pu: 'den dam) noun. "How about a quickie before going to the movies?" he asked. Vagina. derogatory. * p u s s y Cpu si) noun. Obedient because of fear of losing one's mate. formal and general use.

" r e s t r o o m ('rest ru:m) noun. A toilet in a public place such as a restaurant. r e c t u m ('rek tarn) noun. A man who forces sexual intercourse with a woman. general use." r e d . like a rabbit. r e a r e n d (riar. formal and general use. Have sexual intercourse. An area in a city where there are houses of prostitution. Rape is a crime. ( t o ) h a v e ." *rear. "While he was in Amsterdam. To force sexual intercourse with someone. Sanitary napkin. The buttocks." * r e l a t i o n s . to be on the rag = (for a woman) To have her period. "The church teaches young people that it is a mistake to have sexual relations before they are married. *rag (raeg) noun. formal and general use. slang. r a p e a r t i s t ('reip 'a:rt ist) noun. The last part of the large colon. etc. . To be irritable and bitchy. A man who rapes women. gas station. euphemism. slang. w i t h (ta haev rs 'lei fanz wi0) verb phrase. my bladder will explode. * words with additional meanings not listed 173 . Urinate. euphemism. euphemism. euphemism. riar 'end) noun.l i g h t d i s t r i c t (red 'lait dis tnkt) noun. he went to visit the red-light district. euphemism.R r a b b i t .) r a p e (reip) verb. theater. . "Can we stop at the next gas station? If I don't relieve myself. A rapist. "The waste material is stored in the rectum until it is expelled from the body. "The police are looking for the rapist who attacked and molested two women in the park recently. or large intestine. Be sexually active. h a v e s o m e (haev sAm 'rae bit) verb phrase." r e l i e v e o n e s e l f (ra ii:v WAII self) verb phrase. slang. (This may be said even of men. r a p i s t ('reip ist) noun.

A condom. *root (ru:t) noun. The testicles. days of the woman's menstrual cycle. slang. *rubber CrAb ar) noun. A man's penis. A homosexual male. slang. 2. The partners have sexual intercourse only during the safe. vulgar. euphemism. To have sex with a woman who is menstruating. plural. reach a sexual climax. slang. g e t o n e ' s r o c k s off (get wAnz 'raks o:f) verb phrase. *rim (rim) verb.r h y t h m m e t h o d ('ridm me9 ad) noun." R o c k y M o u n t a i n o y s t e r s (rak ki maun tan 'oi starz) noun. slang. plural. "Patgefc his rocks off going to the horse races and betting on the ponies. (One has to run to the bathroom quickly when one has diarrhea. Enjoy oneself very much by participating in some hobby or activity. To lick the area around the anus during sex play. Have sexual relations with several partners although married to another person. vulgar. *run a r o u n d (rAn a 'raund) verb. r u m p r a n g e r ('rAmp rein d3er) noun." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 174 . 2. I can't understand why he runs around. A method of birth control. *rump (rAmp) noun. *rocks (raks) noun. "Tom has a beautiful wife. Ejaculate. r i d e t h e c o t t o n p o n y (raid da kat an 'pou ni) verb phrase. 1." "Dean stayed home from work because he had the runs. 1.) "Eva ate green apples and they gave her the runs. Testicles. To wear a sanitary napkin while menstruating. general use. vulgar. or non-fertile." *runs (rAnz) noun. vulgar. slang. Diarrhea. The buttocks.

s c h m u c k (JmAk) noun. *to be s a t i s f i e d (ta bi: 'saet is faid) verb phrase. and become relaxed.D. A person who gets sexual pleasure from giving pain to his or her partner. s a n i t a r y n a p k i n ('sae na tei ri 'naep kin) noun. * s c h l o n g (flan) noun. Sexual pleasure is gotten from causing pain to another person. general use. 1. The penis. (es bi: di:) noun. vulgar. with no regard for their feelings. general use. The penis. vulgar.B. Also: S & M. in the crotch of her panties. slang. euphemism. A sexual perversion in which one partner enjoys causing pain (the sadist). It is worn by a woman. *safety ('seif ti) noun. and the other enjoys being hurt (the masochist). Aperversion. A pad of cotton and gauze used to absorb menstrual blood. formal and general use. To go looking for members of the opposite sex. formal and general use. Have a sexual climax. * s c a m (skaem) verb. slang. 2. (Yiddish word) A: "What does she like about Marshall? He's such a schmuckl" B: "Maybe it's because he has a big schmuckl" ' words with additional meanings not listed 175 . Silent But Deadly. A condom. sadism ('seid i zam) noun. A person (usually male) who has sex with a series of partners. A quiet and very bad-smelling fart. s c a m m e r ('skae mar) noun.s S. euphemism. vulgar. euphemism.m a s o c h i s m ('seid ou 'mae sa ki zam) noun. A stupid person. slang. *satisfy ('saet is fan) verb. s a d i s t ('seid ist) noun. To cause one's partner to reach a sexual climax. s a d o .

a rubber prophylactic used for birth control. slang. Have sexual intercourse with. but somewhat less vulgar. slang. Zappo without getting paid back double." s c r e w a r o u n d (skru: 9 'raund) verb phrase. "Nobody screws with Old Mr. Go to the bathroom. lb waste time. He wears beautiful. "Karl is married. but he still screws around" 2. "All he thinks of is screwing" 2. vulgar. "Don't do business with that company. dishonest person. 1. Cause something to fail. 2. slang. "The shipping department screwed up again. slang. To have many sexual partners. vulgar. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 176 . Make many mistakes. s c u m b a g (skAm baeg) noun. 1. * s c r e w (skru:) verb. * s c u r a (skAm) noun. brightly colored clothing. vulgar. "Larry is oversexed. "Why does Gloria hang around with those scumbags?" *seat (si:t) noun.s c r e a m i n g f a i r y ('skri: mirj 'fea ri) noun." s c r e w up (skru: Vp) verb. Semen. A very disliked." s c r e w y o u ! (skru: 'yu:) exclamation. offensive. The sac that contains the testicles." complained his wife. formal and general use. they'll screw you if they can. vulgar. do an unsatisfactory job. They sent the wrong product to the customer. Cheat in a business deal. s c r o t u m ('skrout am) noun. s e e a m a n a b o u t a h o r s e verb phrase. 1. do something incompetently. euphemism. An angry reply to someone = Fuck you. dirty. to be unfaithful to one's own partner. low." "I wanted to go to the beach this weekend. A condom. "Stop screwing around and get the job started." s c r e w w i t h (skru: wi9) verb phrase. and walks and speaks in an exaggeratedly female manner. vulgar. but the bad weather screwed up my plans. 1. A homosexual who is very obviously a homosexual. The buttocks. 2. vulgar. To cheat in a business or social matter.

1. Rapist. euphemism. This term was used many years ago when mothers thought that it was harmful for children to masturbate. Attractiveness. The general topic of sexual matters." "Does a woman's sex drive increase as she gets older?" s e x fiend ('seks fi:nd) noun. Maleness or femaleness. a boy asks "Is it all right if I do it only until I need glasses?" s e m e n ('si: man) noun. They told their sons that "self-abuse" would make them blind." "Larry would like to have sex at least three times a week.* s e e d (si:d) noun. An act of sexual intercourse. Rapist. "Mike always enjoyed sex before breakfast. general use. the girls are always around him. s e l f . touching one's own genitals to get sexual pleasure. general use. general use. 1. 1. formal and general use. A dangerous person who may murder or seriously harm his victims. (humorous) A person with a very strong sex drive. Sperm. In one joke. or sex fiend. The impulse or need that causes a person to desire sexual relations. Characteristics that can be inherited genetically. child molester. Masterbation. or sexual pervert. 2. s e x m a n i a c ('seks 'mei ni: aek) noun. ' words with additional meanings not listed 177 . s e x (seks) noun. "Some people have a greater sex drive than others. 2." s e x d r i v e ('seks draiv) noun. general use. "James has a lot of sea: appeal. "All she talks about is sex." 3. euphemism. child molester. Gender. but his wife isn't interested in sex that often. "What sex are the new puppies?" "Can the doctor tell the sex of the baby before it is born?" 2. general use. The fluid that carries the sperm. The white liquid produced in the male reproductive organs." s e x a p p e a l ('seks a 'pi:l) noun. (humorous) A person with a very strong sex drive.a b u s e (self a 'byu:s) noun.

general use. The female sex organs are the vagina. gonads. 2. "In humans. 1. Penis. making sexual comments. Aroused. formal and general use. displaying sexual materials at the work or school area. shaft. To live together without being legally married. formal and general use. double cross. s e x u a l i n t e r c o u r s e ('sek Jyu: al 'm tar ko:rs) noun. the male sex organs are the penis and testicles. slang (current use) To betray.s e x o r g a n s ('seks 'o:r ganz) noun.) Kelly has been shacking up with David for over a year. interested in having sex. (A shack is a cheaply made house. The act of union between male and female. in a sexual way. slang. vulgar (before 1960) To have anal intercourse. general use. Telling sex jokes. 1. "The worm has both male and female sex organs." (In mammals. g i v e s o m e o n e t h e s h a f t ('giv SAITI wAn de Jaeft) verb phrase." s e x y ('sek si) adj. slang. may be offensive. general use. and uterus. deceive or reject someone or treat someone cruelly.) s e x s y m b o l ('seks 'sim bal) noun. "He has a sexy voice. Avery attractive famous male or female. "The company gave poor Fred the shaft today-after 25 years of loyal service. "Isaac was feeling sexy" s h a c k up (faek 'AP) verb. plural. Organs of reproduction. Attractive. "Who is a famous sex symbol in the movies today?" s e x u a l h a r a s s m e n t ('sek Jyu: al ha 'raes mant) noun phrase." *shaft (Jaeft) noun." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 178 ." 2. they reduced his pay and gave his office to a new employee. ovaries. the penis enters the vagina during sexual intercourse." "Wanda is a sexy woman. Using one's position of power as employer or supervisor to demand sexual favors. and not welcome." "That's a sexy bathing suit. Actions or language between men and women that are not appropriate at school or at work.

Very enthusiastic. 5. 1. exaggerate." 2. Homosexual. vulgar." 2. 1. Junk. and appears in dozens of idioms and expressions. Masturbate. vulgar. To think that one is much better than others and not see one's own human shortcomings and faults. she-male. Also. slang. s h e . 2. "You wouldn't shit me. Heroin (narcotic drug) 4. or verb. Shit! Exclamation of anger. adjective. Vulgar. or disappointment. Shit is one of the most versatile words in English. Joan is always pointing out her friends' mistakes. act as t h o u g h one's shit didn't smell b a d verb phrase. To physically beat someone severely. would you?" 6. vulgar." c r o c k of s h i t (krak av Jit) noun. 1. wild. disgust. 2. Excited and interested in something. words witti additional meanings not listed 179 . 1. particularly an effeminate man. verb. theoretically to the point that they lose control of their bowels. s h i t (Jit) noun. vulgar. fool. don't do those acts I don't like. a p e s h i t Ceip Jit) adj. uncontrollable way. Angry in a crazy. "When my father found out I had lied to him. To defeat by a large margin. Don't tell me those lies. vulgar. It is the most common word to express sudden anger or frustration. To tell lies. vulgar." b e a t t h e s h i t o u t of ('bi:t da Jit aut av) verb phrase. It can be used as a noun. "When Ramon saw his best friend dancing with his girl. slang. A lot of lies. "Jerry goes apeshit when he's around racing cars. "The Giants beat the shit out of the Red Socks. Don't g i v e me t h a t s h i t ! expression. she acts as though her own shit doesn't smell bad.m a n (Ji: maen) noun. Defecate. he went apeshit. 3. Feces. worthless things. Urinate. he beat the shit out of me.* s h a k e h a n d s w i t h a f r i e n d (Jeik 'haendz wi9 a 'frend) verb phrase. The score was 12 to 1.

Said proudly: "Look at that little shit swim! He's faster than Tarzan.e a t t h i s s h i t verb phrase. to have a goal in life and be in action. I'm really miserable. Accept insults and punishments without protesting." g i v e a s h i t verb phrase. vulgar." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 180 ." full of s h i t (ful av Jit)/(ful a Jit) adj." h o l y s h i t ! ('hou li Jit) interjection. empty talk." h o t s h i t (hat Jit) noun. 1. He's full of shit. "I'll get a job as soon as I get my shit together. 2. disliked and small in size: "Who does that little shit think he is. have an interest in. Wrong ideas. vulgar. Expression of surprise or discovery. Pay me now. false stories. vulgar. "Holy shit\ This is a treasure map!" h o r s e s h i t ('ho:rs Jit) noun. To have no interest in or regard for something. but she really has no power in this office. but 111 quit my job first. 1. vulgar. 1. expression. 1. vulgar. l i t t l e s h i t ('li Dal Jit) noun. be concerned about.) "Betty thinks she's hot shit. vulgar. To care for. vulgar. An active and remarkable little boy. etc." g e t o n e ' s s h i t t o g e t h e r verb phrase. "Harry is usually late to work because he just doesn't give a shit whether he keeps the job or not. 2. Lies. Fm very happy. To get organized. "Maybe the boss expects me to eat this shit. Horse droppings. "Don't listen to Ben. A very unimportant person. Very important. vulgar. Don't/doesn't give a shit. "Don't give me that horse shit about being out of money. phrase." I'm so h a p p y I c o u l d s h i t . vulgar. Napoleon?" 2. 2. The meaning depends on the context and the tone of voice. Always telling lies or exaggerated stories that are not based on the true facts. (Said sarcastically.

regretful. Andrew: "My cousin just married Va Va Voom the famous movie star." not k n o w shit from Shinola ('nut nou Jit frAm Jai 'nou la) verb phrase. s a c k of s h i t (saek av 'Jit) noun phrase." * words with additional meanings not listed 181 . Lies. poorly made thing. vulgar. s h i t for t h e b i r d s ('Jit far da 'bardz) noun phrase. humiliated. vulgar. Exclamation of surprise or disbelief at what someone has just said." he said." no shit! interjection. Roy lost his job. vulgar. vulgar. s c a r e d s h i t l e s s (skeird 'Jit las) adj'. A lot of lies.l o w e r t h a n w h a l e s h i t adjective phrase. and his car broke down. s c a r e t h e s h i t o u t o f s o m e o n e idiom. vulgar. everybody already knows that." Ben: "No shitl How did he meet her?" Said sarcastically. "Why did you pay twenty thousand dollars for that car? It's not worth it. he can't hammer a nail in straight. worthless stuff. sad. Depressed. To be very stupid. "And that's at the bottom of the ocean." p i e c e of s h i t (pi:s av 'Jit) noun phrase. his girlfriend left him. Einstein. "No shit" means "You're not telling me anything new." Renee: "No shit. "How do you feel?" asked his friend. vulgar. it's a piece of shit." Joseph: "It's really hot today. To frighten someone very badly. Worthless idea or thing. "Lower than whale shit. vulgar. vulgar. A worthless. I can see it for myself. "I don't think much of that suggestion you made. It's shit for the birds. "That new employee doesn't know shit from Shinola. Very frightened. vulgar." p i l e of s h i t (pail av 'Jit) noun phrase.

If you are not using the toilet. dirty. s h i t fit noun. That's life. (Sign on bumper stickers. A stupid person. home. T-shirts. 2. S h i t h a p p e n s expression. Ugly person. s h i t . he was ready to shit a brick." s h i t f a c e ('Jit feis) noun. Don't get too surprised or upset. A river made of shit. upset. A great emotional upset. Jits kri:k) noun. "They were up Shit Creek without a paddle. get off so that someone else may use it. or angry. usually of pride. "We lived in this shit hole for three years before we earned enough to move to a better apartment. vulgar. undesirable house. vulgar. "When he heard that his son had borrowed his car without asking. "We had to shit bricks to build this bridge. s h i t h o l e ('Jit houl) noun.) s h i t h e a d ('Jit hed) noun. Do something very difficult. vulgar. vulgar.f a c e d ('Jit feist) adj." S h i t C r e e k . vulgar. vulgar.) s h i t . Shit's C r e e k (Jit kri:k." 3." (They were unable to get out of severe difficulties. take action. A very difficult position to be in. Be very surprised. You can expect bad things to happen. "When Clark learned that we had gotten the prize.s h i t a b r i c k (Jit 3 'bnk) verb phrase. We knew he had won the contest. don't waste our time. "Nick walked in the door with this big shit-eating grin on his face. etc.e a t i n g g r i n (Jit i:t irj 'grin) noun phrase. Expel a large turd. 1." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 182 ." S h i t or g e t off t h e p o t (pot = toilet) vulgar. A poor. Used as an insult. vulgar. Drunk. This expression means. place. A big smile. he had a shit fit. vulgar. vulgar.

but we were shit out of luck" This may be said more politely as "We were S." s h i t on a s h i n g l e ('Jit an a 'Jirj gal) noun. Tell lies. vulgar.'" s h i t l o a d ('fit loud) noun. Tough shit! ' words with additional meanings not listed 183 . A list (imaginary) of people at whom one is angry and whom one will avoid in the future. Army use: creamed chipped beef on toast. He'd be a great salesman or politician. vulgar." T. vulgar. "I have a shitload of work to do tonight. 1." s h i t o u t of l u c k ('fit aut av 'Uk) adjective phrase. flat piece of wood or tar paper used on the roof of a house. vulgar. "But I must get my car back today. he has had you on his shit list. "Marshall always gets the shits when he eats raisins. (ti: es) vulgar euphemism. "Dan is good at shoveling the shit." t o u g h s h i t ! ('tAf 'Jit) interjection. vulgar. Bad luck. "How was the movie?" "Shitty" s h o v e l t h e s h i t CJA vol da 'Jit) verb phrase. "We tried to find an all-night drugstore. Lousy. Wilson.S.s h i t l i s t ('Jit list) noun. vulgar. (A shingle is a thin. To feel great fear. Good luck has come to an end. Ever since you insulted his wife. Diarrhea. or punish. or cause trouble for.OX. "Don just about shit his pants when he saw the bear. A large amount. (the) s h i t s noun. "Don't expect favors from Mr." s h i t (in) o n e ' s p a n t s verb phrase. vulgar." "Tough shit! There are ten people ahead of you. the runs. vulgar. vulgar." s h i t t y CJi ti) adj. Exclamation showing that one does not feel sorry for someone who has a problem.) 2. loose stools. Too bad. Barbecued beef on a bun (round bread). no-good. worthless.

vulgar. "dirty" pictures. No one was at the bar. Fellatio and cunnilingus (at the same time). Ejaculate. slang. slang. He saw a hole in the floor. It is based on an old joke: There was a drunk in a barroom. so he quit his job. S h o v e it up y o u r a s s ! (JAV it Ap yar aes) expression. Oral-genital relations. but could not find the men's room. He called out. He went upstairs. Ejaculate. and he had to go to the bathroom. The penis. who had been hiding under the bar asked him. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 184 . s h o r t . vulgar euphemism." sitz b a t h (sitz bae0) noun. s h o o t o n e ' s w a d (Ju:t WAnz 'wad) verb phrase. and there was a terrible smell. hemorrhoids. slang. vulgar. There may be medication in the water to treat sores. A medical examination to check for venereal disease. and he decided to do his business (defecate) into the hole. "Where is everybody?" The bartender. s h o r t i c e (J"o:rt ais) noun. Army usage. etc. The man's and woman's bodies appear to be like the numbers 6 and 9. He did not want to be around when the shit hit the fan. A warm water bath in which one sits. general use." * s h o o t off verb.n i n e (siks ti 'nam) noun.w h e n t h e s h i t h i t s t h e f a n (wen da 'Jit hits da 'faen) idiom. or other problems that affect the genital or anal region. "I don't want your opinion. An exclamation of anger. readers. You can shove it up your ass for all I care. "Where were you when the shit hit the fan?" Current use: "Ned knew his boss was going to be questioned by the police. * s h o r t a r m (font a:rm) noun. Then he went downstairs and saw the room covered with brown. vulgar. A time of great upset affecting many people involved in an activity.a r m i n s p e c t i o n verb phrase. Pornographic. s i x t y . vulgar.

euphemism. The vagina. Ma'am (sLaem bsem 9aen kyu: maem) expression. slang. b a m . derogatory. without pleasure for the female partner. (often used in anger) A woman who has sexual relations with many men and does not use any judgment in choosing her partners.B." s o n of a b i t c h (sAn av a 'bit J) noun. * s n a t c h (snaetf) noun. {bitch = female dog. slang. euphemism. A disliked person. to have a bowel movement. s l e e p a r o u n d (sli:p a 'raund) verb. formal and general use. Also: Wham.s k i n n y . Sodomist. A person who performs sodomy. euphemism. To have sodomy with.d i p ('ski ni dip) verb. s o d o m y ('sa da mi) noun. The bathroom. slang.O. Go swimming without a bathing suit. especially anal intercourse. slang = son of a bitch. t h a n k y o u . vulgar. To make dirty. *soil (soil) verb. (es ou bi:) noun." Slam. s o d o m i z e ('sa da maiz) verb. formal. Have sex.) * words with additional meanings not listed 185 . slang. Very quick sexual intercourse. A person who treats other people badly. Have casual sexual relations with several partners. vulgar. thank y o u Ma'am." "He got so scared when he saw the ghost that he soiled his pants. Any sex act other than intercourse between male and female. "You filthy slut\ Get out of my life!" s m a l l e s t r o o m noun." s l u t (siAt) noun. "They went skinny-dipping in the pool after midnight. euphemism. (Not vulgar in the abbreviated form. "The baby has soiled her diaper. formal. bam. ^socialize ('sou fa laiz) verb. Have sexual intercourse with.) S. s l e e p w i t h (sli:p wiG) verb. noun. "Sabrina bragged that she had slept with many famous men.

" *stool (stud) noun. an expulsion of intestinal ga&. slang. * s t a c k e d (staekt) adj. (Long ago. Sperm. and general use. slang. or suppository." spermatozoa (spar 'mas ta zo: a) noun." s p e r m (sparm) noun. *sterile ('ster al) adj. general use. "Mr. Feces. slang: homosexual use. formal and general use. euphemism. formal. s p e r m i c i d e ('spar ma said) noun. * s q u e l c h (skweltj) noun. Past tense: spayed (speid). The buttocks. Inability to have children. Not tell one's family and associates that one is gay. "The doctor gave his patient a kit for collecting a stool sample to bring to the laboratory for testing." An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 186 . "The vet is going to spay our dog. medical. A sex act without affection. She wears a size 40-E bra. alter. A fart." s t a y in t h e c l o s e t verb phrase. and Mrs. Hide one's sexual behavior from others in one's life. s t e r i l i t y (sta 'ri la ti) noun.s p a y (spei) verb. formal and medical use. "She let out a real stinker at the bar. The stork is still a symbol of the birth of a baby. Not fertile. formal and general use." *stork (stairk) noun. Unable to have children. formal. The deliverer of babies. vulgar. *stern (starn) noun. Have large breasts. The male sex cells. To do an operation on a female cat or dog so she cannot have babies.) s t i n k e r ('stink ar) noun. slang euphemism. people were embarrassed to tell children how babies were made. formal and general use. "About 500.000 sperm are contained in one teaspoon of semen. Walters are expecting a visit from the stork. jelly. Something that kills sperm: a birth control foam. They told them that the stork (a bird with a very long beak) brings babies. (The rear part of a boat. "Lorraine is really stacked.

slang. A woman's breasts that "swing" when she jogs or runs. 1. " words with additional meanings not listed 187 . medical and general use. 2. vulgar. slang. formal. "Before the days of AIDS. A serious disease that is spread through sexual contact. slang. Attracted to the opposite sex. An effeminate gay person. derogatory. "What happened to your wife? Did she swallow a watermelon seed?" s w a p s p i t (swap 'spit) verb phrase. To enjoy sexual relations with one's own sex as well as with the opposite sex. A prostitute. Testicles. A person who has more than one sex partner. Exchange sexual partners. not homosexual. * s w i n g (swin) verb. plural.* s t r a i g h t (streit) adj. "Walter seems effeminate (like a woman). slang. slang. slang. Become pregnant. A person who goes to many parties and other social events. slang.w a l k e r ('stri:t wo:k ar) noun. Said of homosexual men. there were stories of married couples who got together to 'swing' for the evening. "Bruce swings both ways" * s w i n g e r ('swirj ar) noun. * s w i n g e r s noun. slang. Not perverted. but he's completely straight. * s w i s h (swij) verb. s u c k (sAk) verb. A venereal disease. Tb be bisexual. is bi-sexual. Having no unusual sexual needs or desires.77 2. "Mark swished in wearing a pink suit and flowered shirt." s w i n g b o t h w a y s (swin bou6 'weiz) verb phrase. slang." s y p h i l i s ('si fa las) noun. Kiss. or is willing to experiment sexually. 2. s t r e e t . Perform fellatio. 1. swallow a watermelon seed ('swa lou 3 'wAt ar mel an 'si:d) verb phrase. Heterosexual. To walk with a very effeminate manner (like a woman). 1. Suck my dick! Exclamation of anger similar in intensity to "Shove it up your ass\" s u g a r p l u m f a i r y ('fu gar pUm 'fear i) noun. slang.

plural. vulgar. Tits and asses. "Let's go downtown and watch the T & Ago by. 1. vulgar. *tail (teil) noun. t e a t s (ti:ts) noun. slang. vulgar. t a k e a s h i t (teik a 'Jit) verb phrase. euphemism. t a k e a l e a k (teik a 'li:k) verb phrase. vulgar. plural. formal and medical use. Homosexual. 1. vulgar. t a k e a c r a p (teik a 'kraep) verb phrase. general use. vulgar. A male sex hormone. t a k e a d u m p (teik a 'dAmp) verb phrase. Have sexual intercourse. testicles ('te sti kalz) noun." *tear off a p i e c e (tear 'o:f a 'pi:s) verb phrase. Breasts and buttocks. A woman's breasts. plural. The buttocks. euphemism.T T & A (ti: an ei) noun. vulgar. The vagina. An Indispenslble Guide to Dangerous English 2000 188 . t a m p o n ('taem pan) noun. An animal's mammary glands. 2. Urinate. plural. Defecate. t e s t e s ('te sti:z) noun. Defecate. vulgar. An act of sexual intercourse. such as a cow's or dog's. t e s t o s t e r o n e (te 'sta sta roun) noun. general use. (the) t h i r d s e x (da 'Gard seks) noun. vulgar. Both of these terms mean the male reproductive glands located in the scrotum. "She was afraid to use a tampon because she was still a virgin. The monthly period. p i e c e of t a i l (pi:s av teil) noun. Defecate. 2. t h a t t i m e of t h e m o n t h (daet taim av da WnG) noun phrase. general use. formal and medical use. The time of menstruation. A tube of cotton that is inserted in the vagina to absorb menstrual blood.

* t h r o n e (Oroun) noun, slang. The toilet. (A throne is the official seat of a king or queen.) * t i n k l e ('tink ol) verb, children's word. Urinate. t i t t i e s ('tiD i:s) noun, plural, children's word and slang. The breasts. t i t s (tits) noun, plural, slang. The breasts. t o i l e t ('toi tat) noun, general use. 1. The object that a person urinates or defecates into. It is located in the bathroom. 2. The bathroom itself. t o i l e t p a p e r ('toi tat pei par) noun, general use. A roll of soft tissue paper used in the bathroom. t o i l e t - t r a i n ('toi tat trein) verb, general use. To teach a young child to use the toilet. "Mrs. Murphy began to toilettrain her son when he was two and a half years old. In six months he was completely out of diapers." toilet-trained adjective, general use. No longer needing diapers. "Children must be toilet trained before they may attend most pre-schools." t o i l e t w a t e r ('toi lot WAt or) noun, general use. A light cologne (perfume) that is splashed on the body after a bath. (It is not water from the toilet!) t o k u s ('tu kos) also tuchus ('tu kos) noun, euphemism. (from the Yiddish). The buttocks. * t o n s i l s ('tan solz) noun, plural, vulgar. A woman's breasts. *tool (tu:l) noun, vulgar. The penis. t o p l e s s ('tap los) adjective, general use. (said of a woman) Naked (with no clothes on) above the waist. "Yoshi went to a topless bar." (That is, where the waitresses were topless.) "Topless bathing suits are not allowed on most public beaches in New Jersey." t o u g h t i t t y (tAf 'ti ti) expression, vulgar. That's too bad, but it's all you deserve. Life is hard for all of us.

* words with additional meanings not listed

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t r a n s v e s t i t e (traenz 'ves tait) also: T.V. noun, formal and general use. A person who loves to dress, make up, and appear as a person of the opposite sex. Both heterosexuals and homosexuals may be transvestites. *trick (tnk) noun, slang, (used by prostitutes) A paid act of sexual intercourse. "She turned seven tricks Friday night." t u b a l l i g a t i o n ('tu: bal lai 'gei fan) noun, formal and medical use. A surgical operation that prevents pregnancy. Sterilization of a woman. A fallopian tube is cut and tied so the ova (eggs) cannot go through it. t u r d (taird) noun, vulgar. A piece of feces. *turn t h e c o r n e r (tairn da 'ko:r nar) verb phrase, slang. Make the decision to act out one's homosexuality by having a homosexual relationship. *turn on (ta:rn 'an) verb, slang. To excite someone sexually. "Some men know how to turn a woman on, and some men don't," she said. * t u r n e d on (tairnd 'an) adj. slang. Excited, aroused for sexual activity. "Disco music really turns me on" she said. t u s h (tuf) noun, euphemism and children's word. The buttocks. Also tushie. t w a t (twat) noun, vulgar. The vagina.

U
Tncle Tom ('Ank al 'tarn) noun, slang, derogatory. A black person who does not side with black people against white people. u n d i e s ('An di:z) noun, plural, euphemism. Underwear. u n m e n t i o n a b l e s (An 'men t fan a balz) noun, plural, euphemism. A woman's underwear. u n w e l l ('An 'wel) adj. euphemism. Having one's menstrual period.
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u r e t e r (yu: 'ri: tar) noun, formal and medical use. The tube that urine travels from the kidney to the bladder. u r e t h r a (yu: 'ri: Gra) noun, formal and medical use. The tube that goes from the bladder to exit the body. "Urine is formed in the kidneys, stored in the bladder, and passed out of the body through the urethra." u r i n a t e Oy^r a neit) verb, formal. Pass (expel) waste liquid (urine) from the bladder; pee. u r i n a l (ya;r e nal) noun, general use. A container or object that men can urinate into; a public toilet for men. u r i n e Cya:r m) noun, formal and general use. The waste liquid that is filtered out of the blood. u r o g e n i t a l Cys^r ou '63c na tal) adjective, formal. Referring to all the genital and urinary organs and functions. u r o l o g i s t (ya:r 'a la d3ist) noun, formal. A doctor who specializes in treating problems involving the kidneys, bladder, penis, and testicles. u s e d - b e e r d e p a r t m e n t ('yu:zd 'biar da 'pa:rt mant) noun phrase, slang. The bathroom in a tavern or barroom or any other place where people drink beer. u t e r u s ('yu: ta ras) noun, formal and general use. The female organ in which a baby may grow. The womb.

V
VD (vi: di:) noun, euphemism and general use. Venereal disease. v a g i n i s m u s (vae d3i 'niz mas) noun, formal and medical use. A sudden cramping of muscles in the vagina. This happens when a young woman has many fears about sex. It can prevent intercourse. When it happens during sexual intercourse, the man may not be able to get his penis out until the woman is relaxed. Sometimes a doctor is needed to separate the two partners!

* words with additional meanings not listed

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v a s e c t o m y (vae 'sak ta mi) noun, formal. A surgical procedure to sterilize a man. The urologist (doctor) cuts a piece of the vas deferens in the testicle. The sperm can no longer travel out of the body through the penis. v e n e r e a l d i s e a s e (va 'ni ri: si da 'zi:z)Also VD. noun, general use. This term refers to several different diseases that are spread by sexual contact. "Syphilis and gonorrhea are the two most common venereal diseases ." "He went to a VD clinic to get a blood test for syphilis.'' * v i b r a t o r ('vai brei tar) noun, general use. An electricpowered (or battery-powered) object used to provide sexual pleasure. A battery-powered dildo. v i r g i n ('var d3in) noun, general use. A woman or man who has not had sexual intercourse. "They were both virgins when they got married." v i r g i n i t y (var ^31 na ti) noun, general use. The state of being a virgin. "She lost her virginity many years before she got married." t h e "virgin M a r y (da 'var d3in 'mear i) noun, general use. 1. The mother of Jesus Christ. According to Christian teachings, Mary conceived Jesus without having sexual intercourse with any man. 2. A non-alcoholic drink: Tomato juice. {A Bloody Mary is tomato juice with vodka. "Bloody Mary" was a Catholic queen of England who ordered many non-Catholics killed.) *virile ('vi ral) adj. formal and general use. 1. Manly. Having the ability to perform sexual intercourse. 2. Strong; brave. v i r i l i t y (va 'n la ti) noun, formal. The ability to perform sexual intercourse. v i s i t t h e s a n d b o x verb phrase, slang and euphemism. Go to the bathroom. *void (void) verb, formal. Urinate.

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(For a male) having a large penis. w e e w e e ('wi: wi:) 1. • words with additional meanings not listed 193 . 2.e n d o w e d ('wel en 'daud) adjective. A sexually aroused woman gets wet. 1. Urinate. Urinating on one's partner during sexual play. adj. noun. A "peeping Tom. Large breasts that are revealed in a tight sweater. *water. offensive. The external female sexual parts. Urinate. Having been endowed with (given) a gift by nature or God. euphemism. Urinate. slang. * w a t e r m e l o n s ('WA tar me lanz) noun. formal. including the labia (lips). (Seeming like the pointed tips of missiles) w a s h r o o m ('waJ ru:m) noun. *wet (wet) 1. verb. verb. her vagina becomes well-lubricated. euphemism." 2. * w e l l . W * w a r h e a d s ('wa:r hcdz) noun. The toilet. w a t e r t h e l i l i e s ('WA Dar 6a 'h li:z) verb phrase. slang. slang. w a t e r o n e ' s p o n y ('WA tar WAnz 'pou ni) verb phrase. "The baby wet his pants. Urinate." v u l v a (VAI va) noun. euphemism. children's word. w a x t h e c u c u m b e r ('waeks da 'kyu kAm bar) verb phrase. formal. slang. slang. A woman's (large) breasts.v o y e u r (voi 'yar) noun. slang. (For a woman) having large breasts. Urinate. slang. That is. plural. * w a t e r s p o r t s ('WA tar spoirts) noun. 2. Masturbate. ta paes) verb phrase. Urine. the entrance to the vagina. children's word. A person who enjoys watching other people get undressed or have sexual intercourse. slang. to p a s s ('WA Dar. and the clitoris. plural.

(Wiener is another word for hot dog. Pornographic. * w h o r e (ho :r) noun. slang. A sexually exciting dream that results in ejaculation of semen during sleep. An erection. ^ w o r k i n g g i r l noun. general use. the man tries to withdraw his penis from the vagina and ejaculate outside his partner. slang. vulgar. The penis. w h o r e h o u s e ('ho:r haus) noun. vulgar. X X . slang. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 194 . vulgar. general use. In the rectum. "They rented some x-rated videos. vulgar. A women who charges money for an act of sexual intercourse. During intercourse.) ^ w i t h d r a w a l (wi9 'dro al) noun. just before the moment of ejaculation." XXX rated. euphemism. The penis. A prostitute. * w o o d y ('wud i) noun. * w i e n e r ('wi:n sr) noun. Same as Xrated. whanger noun. In the vagina. Produced for the purpose of arousing sexual excitement. (A wick is the string in a candle.) To dip one's wick is to have sexual intercourse. slang and children's word. general use. The uterus. w h a c k off (waek 'o:f) verb. A cheap prostitute.w e t d r e a m ('wet dri:m) noun. w h e r e t h e s u n don't s h i n e expression. A nocturnal emission. w o m b (wu:m) noun. w h a n g (waen). Masturbate.r a t e d ('eks 'reit id) adj. A house of prostitution. slang. The penis. * w i c k (wik) noun. with the hopes of preventing pregnancy.

euphemism for "Shove it up your ass.) y o u . y a n k off Cyanic 'o:f) verb. vagina. y o u . euphemism.Y. * words with additional meanings not listed 195 . In the bedroom. Examine Your Zipper! (Your fly is open. depending on the context of the sentence.w h e r e (yu: nou 'wear) adjective phrase. or anus. euphemism.Z. Anus. Sex organ (usually penis). Penis.X.w h a t noun. 2.k n o w . euphemism.k n o w . 2." (I don't want it. Masturbate. 1. vulgar. (eks wai: zi:) verb phrase.) A "secret" code term to let another person know that his or her zipper is down. 1. "Shove it up your you-know-what^ You k n o w w h a t y o u c a n d o w i t h it! exclamation. or in the bed.

" To prevent disappointment. We tapped our own and those pioneers' experiences for this updated "suggestions for teachers." The discussion questions following each chapter reflect the areas of interest that students found fascinating. taking into consideration the sensitivities of their classes. Most of your students will learn the concepts and An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 196 . However." There are great debates about the use of foul language on the Internet." or help students order it for themselves by copying the order form in the back. and administrative realities. One problem that occurred when Dangerous English! was stocked in reference libraries was that it quickly became "the most frequently stolen book. but middle America is greatly angered. or by providing Delta System's Toll-Free number: 1-800-3238270. Words that have a "charge" are more easily learned than noncharged words. When people are emotionally involved. Where once foul language was clearly unwelcome and censored out. it now gets broadcast into living rooms during even "children's hours. Many teachers immediately recognized that their teenage and adult international students needed a reference such as this. either stock enough copies each year to replace the "walkaways.To the Teacher In 1980. The Supreme Court has preserved free speech. they retain information. A few were aghast that such a book could be published. Since our previous edition. there have been many changes in the use of vulgar language on TV and in the movies. Those who recognized that this was a book whose time had come still wondered whether to use it as a text in their classroom. as well as offers for "live sex" that reach young children. citizens' lobbies are looking for ways to shut off the smut so it won't be available to children. Librarians wondered whether to stock it on their shelves. shocking some and relieving others. some courageous pioneers made it available to their students in a great variety of ways. and loudly declared that newcomers had no need and no right to know the common names for their body parts. or the interesting activities of same. the first edition of Dangerous English! rocked the ESL teaching community. At this writing.

call in a guest teacher of the opposite sex. High-school students need and want the information in Dangerous English 2000! They are entitled to a guide to distinguish between the colorful and the off-color language used around them. or losing your job. you want to underscore through your own actions that this is still not the case in most parts of American society. or with students under eighteen years of age without the consent and approval of your school administrator. in fact. "quite clean" Dangerous English 2000! will accomplish miracles in assisting in language growth. And the other 10% —well.expressions in this book with less effort and more involvement than any other content matter in English! Since 90% of the language presented is. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 197 . If you work with college students and adults. We suggest four very simple tactics to smooth the way for using Dangerous English 2000! as a text in your classroom. to defend themselves when they go off to the locker room. However. Teach only those students of your own gender. Then divide the large group on gender lines. Consult with him or her to find appropriate ways of making the book available to the students without bringing the wrath of the righteous upon your head. the climate for respectful teaching about dangerous language in most high schools is far from favorable. This works in a large program: Pool two or more classes with an opposite-sex colleague. Have an opposite-sex colleague teach the other students. 1. Even if students are very forward-thinking and profess to be unembarrassed by discussion of dangerous terms in mixed company. Divide your class. Perhaps arranging for voluntary afterschool classes taught by someone other than anyone whose job would be at risk would be a solution. To neglect this area is to let them fend on their own. separating men and women for several class sessions. which can cause them embarrassment and get them into trouble. We advise you not to use this text on public-school property during school hours. In a small program where you are the only teacher. many students need that too. it is most likely a different story. and do the same as previously described. as well as to dignified ways to speak about their bodies and its functions.

(Preferably view ones with some redeeming social value or artistic excellence. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 198 .) Preview the movies so you can select short segments to watch in class.2. you won't be marked absent. Or you might give the class a brief synopsis of the content of the book. As a minimal gesture. Or. see me after class today for a different assignment—one using the library. Supplement the text discussions with videos. Be honest with them. If you complete this other assignment. give outside assignments. in fact. A Girl [Boy] Grows Up type). Let them take responsibility for reading Dangerous English 2000! on their own. Include videos containing medical terms (such as movies of A Child Is Born. And you be the one who goes to the library for an alternative assignment! 3. 4. collect their money and order directly for them. In some adult-education or university settings it might be possible to organize a specific class for the purpose of learning about the different levels of language including slang and vulgar English. and "R" movies of the "tough cop" variety. students have self-selected themselves. If any of you think this will make you uncomfortable. That way. you can make students aware of both the book and the areas ripe for difficulty and embarrassment. But a few students in classes where there was no choice felt uncomfortable." (The teachers who have used this technique report that no one has ever taken the option to do an alternative assignment.) What if you are uncomfortable yourself? All the more reason your students need help. You can. to include street language and fighting words. saving them much of the cost of shipping and handling. Give your students fair warning. and provide order forms so students may order their own copies. Tell them that you are also uncomfortable talking about this language and invite guest teachers to come into your class to help handle it for you. There is enough material for discussion and vocabulary learning for a five-week course that meets two hours a week. Announce your plan along these lines: "Next week we will discuss language that might be embarrassing or offensive.

rather than a snickering. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 199 . nurses. What do you think the title Dangerous English 2000! means? What would Dangerous Japanese or Dangerous Spanish mean to you? rTr hat kinds of words would you put in a book of Dangerous Words in your own language? Elicit the kinds of topics that your students consider dangerous and write them on the chalkboard to compare later with the table of contents of Dangerous English 2000! Have students read the overview. before distributing books. their functions. and avoid embarrassing pronunciations. embarrassed approach. They need to be able to express their questions and recommendations with the kinds of terminology and pronunciation that will prove to be comprehensible to their patients. That doesn't mean you won't have a lot of fun or laugh much of the time. Those who are parents will want to know how to advise their children when children come home with new expressions learned on the street. These students include foreign resident doctors. Use this to guide you in developing later lessons. and their general use equivalents. and their ailments.Different students come to this material with different needs. They will need to be able to understand the various words their patients may use for parts of their body. College youth may be particularly eager to fit in with their peers on sports teams or in dormitory bull sessions. Those who take an interest in understanding culture and human psychology will be curious about the use of the different levels of words. Other groups want to be able to express themselves politely. These discussions will help you defend the class to those in society who would say that there is no place for this sort of material. If you're working in a classroom you'll want to set up a respectful and scholarly approach to the topic. Some of them will urgently want to know the formal and medical terms. But the topic of language taboos is perfect for awakening students to the study of the nature of language as well as merely learning the language. and other hospital personnel. show students the cover and ask. "What Is Dangerous English?" Conduct a discussion to find out what their concerns are in this area of language.

Focus on the interest areas that meet your student's needs. answers. Use the questions at the end of each chapter for discussion relating what is dangerous in English to what is dangerous in the students' own language. anecdotes. If there are words you'd rather not say. Go ahead and confess your embarrassment if and when that's what you feel. all new words will start out as ordinary sounds. Have students preread one or two short chapters before class. You can even walk out of the classroom while they are listening. the public attitude towards those words. without the physical taboo built in! This puts them in danger. Tell any of your own. when speaking taboo words in a place where such words are not permitted by public agreement. and hearts race. Elicit your students' stories of embarrassing moments with English. If you want to become further educated in the linguistic arena of dangerous words in any language. 95402-6123 USA An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 200 . Reinhold Aman P. Let them know that people vary in their reactions—and that's OK. Check students' comprehension of the sounds. Their bodies will actually sweat more. CA. and what their audiences' reactions will be. have a colleague make a cassette recording that you can play in class. Allow for questions. The difference is that English-speakers have been conditioned from childhood to react in certain ways to the sounds of these dangerous terms. Box 14123 Santa Rosa. to be sure they are using the guide effectively.O. To your students. During class. and jokes. clarify meanings in the text.Let your students know your feelings about the words. Take some time to teach the use of the pronunciation guide. This helps you heighten the distinction that some of the words are improper for polite use. consult: Maledicta Press Dr. Caution your students to err on the side of prudery until they have become completely familiar with their social environment and are sure of the words' meanings. Provide a model for pronunciation and intonation.

—"Offensive Words in Dictionaries. Los Angeles. cit. Gary Allen. 4. "Dyke Diction: The Language of Lesbians. Optima Books. French. 1996. 149-173 (1978). O'Donnell. MA. Dunn. "How to Hate Thy Neighbor: A Guide to Racist Maledicta." Maledicta: The International Journal of Verbal Aggression. Dalzell. Holt. pp. 7. Merritt. cit." Part II. Tom. "Racial and Ethnic Slurs: Regional Awareness and Variations. pp. Burke. Vol. 5. Reinhold Aman. Vol. 10. 6 (1982). Vol. —"Words Can Kill: The Anatomy of a Murder. Wiley. pp. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 201 . 123-153. Do's and Taboos of Using English Around the World. Bleep! A Guide to Popular American Obscenities. Vol. pp. p. Idiom Savant. 8. Vol 8. Fine. Leonard R. Richard D. 1997. New York. Simon & Schuster. 155-163 (1983) Maledicta Press." Maledicta. Vol. and William J." Maledicta. N. Vol.Bibliography Alford." Op. Aman." Maledicta. Reinhold. Springfield. pp. Editor. Lawrence. "Offensive Language Via Computer. Ashley. 8." Maledicta. Our Selves. Our Bodies. Clifton. Vol. 2. Axtell. (1980). "Rude Words: Insults and Narration in Preadolescent Obscene Talk. p. 1995. New York. 5. "Linguistic Scale: Cussing and Euphemisms. New York. Roger E. 1." Maledicta. 1979. Vol. Merriam-Webster. cit. David. Op. Dr. 1993. 126-35. Flappers to Rappers: American Youth Slang. Jerry. 51-68 (1981). Part IV: Op. Boston Women's Health Collective.

7. Crown Trade Paperbacks. 1991. Wicked Words: a Treasury of Curses. Wayne J. Morris. New York. Slang and Euphemism: A Dictionary of Oaths. ed. 7. compilers/eds. 1989. 1986 Hen toff. pp. Wentworth. New York." Maledicta. Harold and Stuart Berg Flexner. Jonathan. Vol. New York. Lutz." Maledicta. Intercultural Press. Houghton Mifflin Co. Vol. 1996. Hugh. Crowell Co. Dennis R. Rawson. The Slang Thesaurus. William. and Other Formerly Unprintable Terms from Anglo Saxon Times to the Present. Dictionary of American Slang. The American Heritage Dictionary of The English Language. and Metaphors. ME. Spears. The Color of Words: An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Ethnic Bias in the United States. Signet Penguin." Maledicta. 1975. Roger L. William. 121-128 (1983). Edition. Vol. 243-254 (1981). "The Deflowering of the American Heritage Dictionary. Curses. Wilson. Preston. Doublespeak. 2nd Edition. "Lusty Language Learning: Confessions on Acquiring Polish. Harper Perennial. Sexual Slang. Vol. Boston. Ethnic Slurs. Penguin. New York.. 6. Richard A. Philip H. Thomas Y. 5. 237-252 (1983). Nat. Terry. Put Downs. 1976. Insults. An Indispensible Guide to Dangerous English 2000 202 . Herbst. pp." Maledicta. "A Connotative Analysis of Synonyms for Sexual Intercourse. Insults. 2nd Supp. 1997. pp. 117-120 (1982).Green. "Five Years and 121 Dirty Words Later. New York.. pp. Yarmouth.

full-color illustrated novel follows the adventures of a 12-year-old newcomer during his first days in New York City. each of which is matched with clear and enjoyable illustrations that make the language comprehensible and motivates students to read. this easy-to-use workbook and accompanying teacher's guide incorporate a wide variety of activities to reinforce communicative language skills while maintaining a high-interest level utilizing a variety of learning and teaching styles. he tries to find his way back home. his classmates. group and pair activities that are suitable for mixed levels and build on the theme of the story. he takes the wrong bus and becomes lost.. Intended for children in grades 2-6. Meanwhile his parents. Student Book 0-15-599429-8 Teacher's Guide/Activity Masters 0-15-599430-1 Cassette 0-15-599432-8 Order any of these titles from Delta Publishing! Call toll-free (800) 323-8270 or Fax toll-free (800) 909-9901 or call (815) 363-5582 or fax (81S) 363-2948 . On the way home from his new school. writing. With no money and only a few words of English.. Student Book 0-8056-0122-8 Teacher's Guide 0-8056-0123-6 Where is T^ro? This exciting. HI! Designed for children beginning their study of English. A host of survival and cross-cultural topics are skillfully woven into the narrative. Based on the latest research and development if second-language learning and the author's many years of experience in ESL and TESOL. and their parents all join together to look for him. Hi! focuses on the survival language skills they need immediately to get along in an English-speaking environment. the Where is Tiro? student book tells the story in simple sentences.OTHER BOOKS BY ELIZABETH CLAIRE. his teachers. The teacher's guide/activity masters contains reading.

reading. Many are provided as reproducible worksheets. As children participate in the natural. they are encouraged to share their native ethnic customs with the class. drawing and cut-and-paste activities. and easy one-page stories with language-building activities. customs. clearly illustrated activity pages that provide months of stimulating language-learning tasks suitable for grades 2-8. participation and retention. cutting and pasting. learning objectives. The easy-to-read texts will demonstrate ways ESL students can be included in classroom daily plans without abandoning curriculum or stealing time from English-speaking students. Book 1 contains more than 120 reproducible. The activities include coloring. writing. materials needed and step-by-step procedures. Book 2 contains 160 ready-to-use activities to ensure language development. drawing. coloring.Classroom Teacher's ESL Survival Kit These unique resources include hundreds of insights. games and puzzles. ready-to-use activities that draw on important content concepts through all of the popular American holidays. Book 1 0-13-137613-6 Book 2 0-13-299876-9 ESL Teacher's Activities Kit This unique resource includes a collection of over 160 language-generating games and activities to increase ESL students' motivation. Text 0-87628-305-9 . All games and activities are complete with suggested ages and ESL levels. and language skills. Text 0-13-283979-2 ESL Teacher's Holiday Activities Kit This resource gives over 175 complete. They include visual discriminations and letter-matching activities. and hot tips to help help non-Englishspeaking students survive in the mainstream. mapwork. Most of the activities are designed to provide natural learning experiences. practical ideas. measuring. and special events to give ESL students at all levels a solid grasp of English vocabulary. allowing the same developmental learning processes the student used when acquiring a first language. matching. vocabulary building. reading. enjoyable activities centered on familiar seasonal themes and holiday festivities. All new vocabulary and concepts are illustrated.

an. Three Little Words may be used in-class or for self-study. Two hundred carefully selected jokes are annotated to assure comprehension of vocabulary and idioms and to provide insights into the stereotypes. distinct pronunciation. Text 0-937354-46-5 What's So Funny? What's So Funny? helps new speakers of English break through the cultural and language barriers to understanding American humor. and the: the three most common words in the English language! These Three Little Words have always been troublesome for new speakers of English. The game fosters logical thinking and clarity of expression. With over 525 self-checking exercises included. here is a workbook that will clear up the mystery of how and when to use these Three Little Words. in pairs or large groups. classroom-tested. Game 0-88084-310-1 . Most English speakers cannot explain the rules for using these words. and careful listening skills. They are often the last grammatical item that distinguishes the native speaker of English from the foreign-bom speaker. especially for people whose native language has no articles. interpersonal conflicts or cultural tensions that underlie the point of the jokes. EAch of the twelve chapters is followed by discussion topics and self-checking vocabulary building exercises. It combines fun and excitement with the development of important communication skills. It is excellent for all ages (7-107) at the low-intermediate English levels and above with at least a second grade reading level. and there is a chapter on how to tell jokes. Students share jokes and humor from their own cultures and begin at last to understand What's So Funny? when Americans laugh. What's So Funny? is written at a fourth-grade reading level." For the first time. Text 0-937630-01-2 Just-A-Minute! Just-A-Minute! is an easy-to-explain. motivates fluency. They psychology of laughter. They just know when a sentences "sounds right. oral language game.Three Little Words A. college and adult ed culture study or conversation classes. There is a 400-word glossary at the back of the book to define words (which are bold-faced in the text) that are beyond that level. fast-moving. this book is perfect for advanced learners grade 6 to adult. The game can be played for 5 minutes or an hour. Great for high school. cooperatively or in competition. and the structure of a joke are explained.

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