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PRESENTED BY:ASHUTOSH MALAWAT ELECTRONICS AND COMM. B.TECH ,FINAL YEAR
INTRODUCTION EWSD is the abbreviated form of German equivalent of Electronic Switching System Digital (Electronische Wheler Systeme Digitale).
EWSD Digital switching system has been designed and manufactured by M/s Siemens, Germany.
EWSD system can withstand a BHCA of 4 million with CP-113C in case of EWSD Powermode (two million in case of EWSD Classic).
It can work as local cum transit exchange and supports CCS No.7, ISDN and IN and V5.X features.
Digital line unit (DLU) Line/Trunk Group (LTG) Switching Network (SN) Coordination Processor (CP) Common Channel Signalling Network Control (CCNC) Unit or Signalling System Network Control (SSNC)
Common channel signalling/ Signalling System Network Control
SYP MB CCG
Distributed controls in EWSD
DLU(DIGITAL LINE UNIT)
It is a functional unit on which subscriber lines are terminated. DLUs are connected to EWSD sub-systems via a uniform interface standardized by CCITT i.e. PDC. One DLU is connected to two different LTGs for the reasons of security via two 4 Mbps links. Total 124 channels are available between a DLU out of which the two LTGs signalling information is carried in TS16 of PDC0 and PDC2.
Subscriber lines and PBX lines for small and medium-sized PBXs
4 Mbps 4Mbps
Subscriber lines and Remote PBX lines for small application and medium-sized PBXs PDC0 with ccs
PDC1 without ccs
PDC2 with ccs PDC3 without ccs
Remote application : in same directory number area, in another directory number area, as extension to conventional exchange.
CCITT standard interface G.703
Applications and connection of Digital Line Unit
One DLU can carry traffic of 100 Erlangs. For emergency service DLU-controller (DLUC) always contain up-to-date subscribers data. Stand Alone Service Controller card (SASCE) is provided in each R-DLU for switching calls in emergency cases . All DLUs are provided with a Test Unit (TU) for performing tests and measurements on SLCAs(subscriber line ckt. Analog), subscribers lines and telephones.
MAIN COMPONENTS OF DLU
SLMAs and / or SLMDs Two Digital Interface Units for DLU (DIUD) for connections of the PDCs. Two DLU Controls (DLUC)
Two 4 Mbps networks for the transmission of user information between SLMs and the DIUDs. Two control network for the transmission of control information between SLMs and DLUCs.
Test Unit (TU), External Alarm Alarm modules.
DLU SLMA Analog and ISDN Subscriber lines, PBX lines SLMD
PDC0 DIUD0 PDC1
to two LTGs PDC2
4096 kbps network 0 4096 kbps network 1 Control network 0 Control network 1
Main Components of a DLU
The line/trunk groups (LTG) forms the interface between the digital environment of an EWSD exchange and the switching network (SN).
Maximum traffic handling capacity per LTG is 100 Erlang.
PRIMARY FUNCTIONS OF LTG
Call processing functions – receiving and analyzing line and register signals.
Safeguarding functions – detecting errors in the LTG and on transmission paths within LTG.
Operation and maintenance functions – acquiring traffic data, carrying out quality-toservice measurements.
FUNCTIONAL UNITS OF THE LINE/TRUNK GROUPS
Line / Trunk Unit (LTU) :Digital Interface unit ( DIU30 ) for connection of 2 Mbps digital trunks and either DLU or PA. Code Receivers (CR) are Multi-frequency code receivers for trunks or DTMF subscribers. Conference Unit, module B or module C (COUB or COUC) for conference calls. This is installed in special function LTGMs or LTGNs. Automatic Test Equipment for Trunks (ATE:N) checks trunks and Tone Generators (TOG) during routine tests. This is installed in special function LTGMs or LTGNs.
LTU DIU:LDIB DIU30
CR TOG CTC
LTU COUC COUB
or SPHI SPHO SIHI SIHO Address signals
to/from SN (8Mbps)
OCANEQ PHMA ATE:T
GP (PU, MU, SMX and GCG)
Internal Structure of LTG
SIGNALLING UNIT (SU) :
Tone Generator (TOG) for audible tones. Code Receivers (CR) for MFC signalling and pushbutton dialling. Receiver Module for Continuity Check (RM:CTC), etc. Group Switch (GS) :which functions as non-blocking time stage switch (512 TS) controlled by the GP. Link Interface Unit (LIU) :connects LTG to SN via two parallel 8 Mbps SDCs.
GROUP PROCESSOR (GP) :
controls the functional units of the LTG. The received signals from LTU, SU, GS and LIU are processed with the help of GP software.
Different peripheral units of EWSD, i.e., LTGs, CCNC, MB are connected to the Switching Network (SN) . Through 8192 kbps highways called SDCs (Secondary Digital Carriers), which have 128 channels each. It consists of several duplicated Time Stage Groups (TSG) and Space Stage Groups (SSG) housed in separate racks. Connection paths through the TSGs and SSGs are switched by the SGC. Each TSG can accommodate 63 SDCs from LTGs and one SDC to MB.
TIME STAGE GROUP
SPACE STAGE GROUP
SDC:SGC SGC SDC:SGC SGC
Storage and administration of all programs, exchange and subscriber data. Processing of received information for routing, path selection, zoning, charges. Communication with operation and maintenance centres. Supervision of all subsystems, receipt of error messages, alarm treatment, error messages. Handling of the man-machine interface.
BASIC FUNCTIONAL UNITS OF CP 113C
Base Processor (BAP) – for operation & maintenance and call processing.
Common Memory (CMY) – 64 to 1024 MB in 4 memory banks consisting of chips. 4 Mb DRAM
Input / Output Controller (IOC) – 2 to 4 IOCs coordinate and supervise accessing of CMY by IOPs.
ATM Bridge Processor (AMP) – If a SSNC (EWSD powermode) is connected, the AMP is used . It represents the interface between the ATM equipment in the SSNC and the CP.
Input/output processors (IOP) – Various types of IOPs are used to connect the CP113C to the other subsystems and functional units of the exchange as well as to the external mass storage devices .
Maximum configuration of CP113C
Basic configuration of CP 113C,
11 . . 0
11 . . 0
CAP0 CAP5 AMP 0 AMP BAP M 1 BAPS IOC0 IOC1
Hardware Structure of CP 113 C
COMMON CHANNEL SIGNALLING NETWORK CONTROL (CCNC)
It consists of :Up to 32 signalling link terminal (SILT) groups, each with 8 signalling links and
One duplicated common channel signaling network processor (CCNP).
FUNCTIONS OF CCNC :In the originating or destination exchange in associated signalling, it operates as signalling end point (SEP) .
In transit exchange in quasi-associated signalling, it operates as a signalling transfer point (STP).
CCS via analog data links
CCS via digital data links
SILT group 0
SILT group 31
CP bus system
Common Channel Signalling Network Control
LTG Trunks and SS7 Links
Trunks and SS7 PCM30/2 4 Links SN B
LT G LT G
High Speed SS7 Links
OMT/C OMT/ T 4 Mb/s
MB B IOP:M B
EWSD Classic Configuration
EWSD Powermode Configuration
SIGNALING SYSTEM NETWORK CONTROL (SSNC)
ATM Switching Network ASN (2 module frames for ASN 0 and 1) Switches the communication- streams of the individual SSNC functional units with MB-D and CP.
Switches the communication-streams between the individual SSNC functional units.
SSNC basic frames SCB Line Interface Card (LIC): The duplicated Line Interface Card LIC forms the physical interface between the SSNC units and the SS7 network. Main Processor MP: MP: OAM :MP for Operation , Administration and Maintenance. MP:SLT :MP for Signalling Link Termination. MP:SM :MP for Signalling Manager. MP:STATS :MP for statistics.
ATM Multiplexer Type-E (AMXE): Provides 32 x 207 Mbps ATM interfaces to connect the internal SSNC units LIC and MP and the optical cables to the AMP of the CP and MBDA of the MB.
c) Extension frame SCE (maximum 7 for 1500 signalling channels)
The SCE contains a duplicated AMXE and serves to include other MPs and LICs .
Output LTG Affecting speech channel
31 SS7- Links with 64 Kbit/s or 1 HS- Link with 2 Mb/S
Level 2 & 3 (MTP)
Direct connected E1 exclusively used for SS7 links
MB- D (MBDA)