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By Robert Schuman
Roman education became the basis for America’s education system. Although there are many similarities such as their beginnings, and the subjects that they taught, there are also distinct differences like the methods used by the teachers. Knowledge at the Roman times was limited and this led to concentration on certain subjects. Boys in the early Roman Republic were educated by their fathers and the girls by their mothers, this promoted strong family bonds that helped forge the empire into what it was to become (Roman Society). As the Romans became more and more wealthy they began to use slaves, mostly Greeks, to teach their children. The more promising children may have gone to an independent teacher who lived off of the payments from the parents of the children. This was before the people of the Roman Empire became wealthy and sent their children to be taught by others. The schools systems operated a lot like modern schools. Unlike some think, corporal punishment was not any more evident in Roman schools then many twentieth century schools and there is not evidence that any summer holiday existed,(historylearningsite.co.uk) though most experts believe that there was one. Many accounts tell of time that school began for the Romans, most ancient writers say it was before sunrise, Ovid talk of how “dawn robs children of their sleep and hands them over to the schoolmasters.” (p.48-49 Roman Education) The length of the school day is not truly known although a later account from Ausonius speaks of a six hour day. (p. 48 Roman Education) Girls received a much shorter education then boys and were often out of school by the age of twelve and sometimes married at that age (p.55 Roman Education) They ended up being less educated but still had enough knowledge to be a beneficial member of society, and to their family. America’s education system started in much the same way, the children were taught by their parents and the fortunate ones were able to have access to a higher source of education. That changed when the public school system came about in the 19th century and higher education became available to all. Both girls and boys are given equal opportunity to learn in America and are encouraged to become active members of society. There are many similarities between Modern Americas education system and the Romans system. One of which is the emphasis on the idea of benefiting the nation as a whole rather than putting the individual first. Romans stressed that the goal of a model citizen was to help the empire first and themselves second, this might include serving in the army or the government. The US education system also pushes for the students in it to benefit those around them and to further their nation. This is not to say that The Romans or the American system does not believe in personal gain. In fact during the later Roman Empire some would live to attract attention from others, this was known as legacy-hunting.(Roman Civilization p.108)They were often idolized for this practice and it was even profitable for a rich man, rather than take the responsibilities of fatherhood, to remain “unreachable” as parents of young women would give gifts and other incentives in order to try and lure him in to marrying their
Augustus Samuel. or logic as it is more commonly known. So as you can see the Roman school system was the basis for most modern systems. F. A History of Public Education in the United States. A.C. even with the differences between America’s system and the Romans. taught the basic principles of math. and writing to the younger students and therefore most Romans were literate and were able to compute mathematical equations from an early age. there are also many stark differences between the US school system and the Romans. But between the ages of twelve and fifteen the students learned a lot of poetry and great works by both Roman and Greek writers unlike Americas’ system. (Roman-empire. Jack Ltd. 1926 Unknown. Deeptha. Only the wealthy families could afford to send their sons to gain a higher education. Pictures of characters from Roman mythology and famous battle scenes were common in schools. The Romans were fond of using pictures to illustrate ideas to students. the schools continue to teach more and more intricate studies such as philosophy and science. A good way to sum up the Roman and modern beliefs about the members of society is with the statement “Individual fame but entire benefit. In America. was widespread in the ancient schools.” (Roman civilization) The Roman school system.servintfree. unlike in America where boys and girls continue their education.net) Along with the many similarities. and in fact most students would study under a Greek to learn many subjects. The school systems also encourage the individual to great deeds and fame as long as they are good for society. Date founded unknown. America often encourages celebrities and looks up to them. Roman Education.net) The art of rhetoric. The Roman education did not end there.daughter. February 1 2010 < Http://www. as in other modern countries.roman-empire.net . the other boys would join the army or learn their fathers’ trade from him. (Roman-empire.45)The art provided a different way to study history and probably more interesting for those learning it then the modern way of merely reading about it. The education of girls would end at the age of 12 and many boys would stop there as well. Unknown. by the age of fifteen the boys who still were in school began to study more intricate subjects including philosophy and law.C. if their families could afford it. (Roman Education p. and provided for a strong education system in America and ultimately a strong country Bibliography: Wilkins. & E. Edinburgh: T. “Roman Society” The Roman Empire. The Romans typically looked to the Greek knowledge on the subject as a starting place.net/index.html Thattai. like the US’ . with its hard working mind set and the Romans drive for excellence. The Roman system was a superb system to base the American system on. February 3 2010 Http://www. Cambridge: University Press 1905 Giles. reading.