BREAKWATER

1- Definition of Client needs and restrictions : 1.1) Project objectives including needs and restrictions. 1.2) Legislative conditions regarding marine works design and execution. 2- Functional requirements : 1.1) Purpose of the structure. 1.2) The use of the facility and the extent of protection required (e.g. limiting overtopping, reducing wave activity in harbor, preventing riverbank erosion…- for example, different levels of protection are advocated for ports, fishing harbors and small boat marinas). 1.3) Layout of the facility (for example, whether the area directly behind the breakwater is to be used for berthing or storage, or whether access along the breakwater is required). 1.4) Acceptable downtime (for example, tolerable frequency of exceedance of the above conditions, downtime for operations, offloading of vessels…). 1.5) Design life of the facility. 1.6) Acceptable risks during the structure lifetime, which should influence the choice of design parameters. 1.7) Adaptability (for example, change of use of structure over time). 1.8) Level of maintenance and ease of operations or availability of material or plant – inherent damage allowances within designs should be identified). 3- Physical conditions : 3.1) Geotechnical ground conditions. 3.2) Topographic and bathymetric conditions of site. 3.3) Hydraulic forces (Waves heights and periods, currents, water levels, tides, storm surges,…). 3.4) Sediment load and movement. 3.5) Morphological changes. 3.6) Uncertainties in physical conditions (confidence limits). 4- Technical data : 4.1) Availability of construction materials (sources). 4.2) Material properties (e.g. armor stone grading), quality, durability... 5- Construction :

Alternative material availability (sources). 7. Site area for storage o materials and operations. 7.4) 5.6) Buildability.Environment : 7.3) 5.1) Accommodating environmental requirements.3) Availability of suitable resources for repair (materials. 7. Access of construction plant.1) 5.5) Accessibility for construction plant. Construction materials – properties and quality.Maintenance : 6.2) Potential environmental impacts of construction (dredging and disposal).5) 5.4) Funding 6. Health and safety issues. plant.1) Characteristics of structure response.5. . expertise) 6. 6.3) Morphological and sedimentological impacts.2) Frequency and type of intervention. 6.2) 5. 6.

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