GSM/EDGE RAN - BR line Product description

Base transceiver station equipment

BS-240XL II product description
A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620

BS-240XL II product description

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the use of Nokia Siemens Networks customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is submitted, and no part of it may be used, reproduced, modified or transmitted in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nokia Siemens Networks. The documentation has been prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full responsibility when using it. Nokia Siemens Networks welcomes customer comments as part of the process of continuous development and improvement of the documentation. The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity, or performance of the mentioned hardware or software products are given "as is" and all liability arising in connection with such hardware or software products shall be defined conclusively and finally in a separate agreement between Nokia Siemens Networks and the customer. However, Nokia Siemens Networks has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia Siemens Networks will, if deemed necessary by Nokia Siemens Networks, explain issues which may not be covered by the document. Nokia Siemens Networks will correct errors in this documentation as soon as possible. IN NO EVENT WILL Nokia Siemens Networks BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTATION OR FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL OR ANY LOSSES, SUCH AS BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF PROFIT, REVENUE, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OR DATA,THAT MAY ARISE FROM THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR THE INFORMATION IN IT. This documentation and the product it describes are considered protected by copyrights and other intellectual property rights according to the applicable laws. The wave logo is a trademark of Nokia Siemens Networks Oy. Nokia is a registered trademark of Nokia Corporation. Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens AG. Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective owners, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only. Copyright © Nokia Siemens Networks 2008-2009. All rights reserved

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Important Notice on Product Safety
Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment. Some of the parts may also have elevated operating temperatures. Non-observance of these conditions and the safety instructions can result in personal injury or in property damage. Therefore, only trained and qualified personnel may install and maintain the system. The system complies with the standard EN 60950 / IEC 60950. All equipment connected has to comply with the applicable safety standards.

The same text in German: Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit In elektrischen Anlagen stehen zwangsläufig bestimmte Teile der Geräte unter Spannung. Einige Teile können auch eine hohe Betriebstemperatur aufweisen. Eine Nichtbeachtung dieser Situation und der Warnungshinweise kann zu Körperverletzungen und Sachschäden führen. Deshalb wird vorausgesetzt, dass nur geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal die Anlagen installiert und wartet. Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950 / IEC 60950. Angeschlossene Geräte müssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfüllen.

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BS-240XL II product description

Table of contents
This document has 89 pages. Reason for update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1 1.1 1.2 2 3 3.1 4 4.1 4.2 4.2.1 4.2.2 4.2.3 4.2.4 4.3 4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3 4.3.4 4.3.5 4.4 4.4.1 4.4.2 4.4.3 4.4.4 4.4.5 4.4.6 4.4.7 4.4.8 4.4.9 4.5 4.5.1 4.5.2 4.5.3 4.5.4 4.5.5 4.5.6 4.5.7 4.5.8 4.5.9 4.6 4.6.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Overview of the functionality - main features of BS-240XL II . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Technical data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Hardware architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Rack configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Module description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Core modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Core basis (COBA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Core satellite (COSA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Core link extension (COREXT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Core redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carrier related modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carrier units (CU) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GSM carrier unit (GCU) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EDGE carrier unit (ECU). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flexible carrier unit (FlexCU) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carrier unit output power level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Antenna combining modules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Duplexer amplifier multicoupler (DUAMCO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flexible duplexer amplifier multicoupler (FDUAMCO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MFDUAMCO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hybrid extension module for MFDUAMCO (HYBRID4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Multiple duplexer (MDUX). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hybrid extension module for MDUX (HYBRID6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Co-amplifier multicoupler (COAMCO8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mast head amplifier / tower mounted amplifier (MHA/TMA) . . . . . . . . . . . . Filter combiner with six TNFs (FICOM6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Power supply modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC/DC system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Backup battery (BATTPACK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC/DC panel (ADP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DC mains supply unit (MSU:DC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC mains supply unit (MSU:AC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DC and battery controller (DCBCTRL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DC panel (DCP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DC link equipment breaker panel (DCP:LEBREAK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alarm collection terminal boards (ACTC, ACTP, ACTM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abis interface modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Overvoltage protection and tracer (OVPT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 20 24 26 27 27 28 30 30 30 30 31 32 33 33 34 34 35 35 36 37 37 39 40 40 41 41 42 42 42 43 43 43 45 45

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BS-240XL II product description

4.6.2 4.6.3 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 5 5.1 5.2 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 6 7

Abis connection (ABISCON) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Ethernet connector module (ETHCON) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Overvoltage protection of external alarms (OPEXAL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Abis link equipment (LE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Dust filter (DUSTFILM). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Fan unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Antenna combining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 MFDUAMCO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 FDUAMCO / DUAMCO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 DUAMCO specials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 FDUAMCO specials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 MDUX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 COAMCO8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Antenna line equipment MHA/TMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 FICOM6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Diplexer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Cell configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 FCC issues (for U.S. market only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 BS-240XL II base rack and extension rack . . . . . 71 FICOM6 block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Single-Cell (12. . . . . . . . . . 69 TMA (single) block diagram . . 17 Various BTS configurations with BS-240XL II service1A rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Example of a configuration with CESCOBA and COREXT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 HYBRID6 block diagram . . . 82 Multi-Cell (12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Configuration 8:2 with FDUAMCO and COAMCO8. . . . . . . . . . . 59 DUAMCO 8:2 block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580522404 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Example of a configuration with COBA4P12 and COREXT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 MHA / TMA (dual) block diagram (RET only at MHA) . . . 52 HYBRID4 block diagram . . . . . .0. . . .0): with 2 DUAMCO 8:2 . . . . . . . . .4): with 3 DUAMCO 4:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 FlexCU – Double TRX mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Multi-Cell (4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12.BS-240XL II product description List of figures Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 25 Figure 26 Figure 27 Figure 28 Figure 29 Figure 30 Figure 31 Figure 32 Figure 33 Figure 34 Figure 35 BS-240XL II base rack . .8. . . 58 DUAMCO 4:2 block diagram . 81 Single-Cell (12. . . . . . . . . 68 COAMCO8 with MFDUAMCO and HYBRID4 (8/0/0) . . . . 18 Various configurations of BS-240XL II service2 rack. . . . . . 81 Multi-Cell (8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 FDUAMCO block diagram . . 61 MDUX block diagram . . .8): with 4 DUAMCO 8:2 (base and extension rack) . . . . . 65 COAMCO8 block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 FDUAMCO in 4:2 mode with COAMCO8 (= 8:2 mode). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 FlexCU – Single TRX mode – Fourfold receive diversity mode. . . . . . . . . . . .0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Connection of core modules .4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 ABISCON and OVPT (100/120 Ω ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0): with 3 DUAMCO 4:2 . . . . . . .0): with 4 DUAMCO 8:2 (base and extension rack) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Configuration with diplexer (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Example of a configuration of a CESCOBA with ETHCON and COSA4P12 47 MFDUAMCO block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 MDUX-HYBRID6 configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 FDUAMCO configuration 2:2 or 4:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 DUAMCO 2:2 block diagram . . . 14 Functional blocks of a BS-240XL II (configuration example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Power reduction of the carrier units (ECU/FlexCU 850) at antenna port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Core configurations . 84 Power reduction of the carrier units (ECU/FlexCU 1900) at antenna port 85 6 Id:0900d80580522404 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 DUAMCO: Insertion loss . . . . 32 Possible TMA substitutions with MHA . . . 73 TMA: mechanical parameters (guaranteed) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BS-240XL II product description List of tables Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Table 6 Table 7 Table 8 Table 9 Table 10 Table 11 Table 12 Table 13 Table 14 Table 15 Table 16 Table 17 Table 18 Table 19 Table 20 Table 21 Table 22 Table 23 Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 FICOM6 and FDUAMCO: Insertion losses – comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 TMA: electrical parameters (guaranteed) . . . . . . 12 GSM frequency bands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 MDUX: Gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 FICOM6: Gain (guaranteed) . . . . . . . . . 57 FDUAMCO: Gain (guaranteed) . . . 24 Carrier unit output power level (typical and guaranteed values) . . 72 MHA: mechanical parameters . . . . 57 MDUX: Insertion loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 DUAMCO: Gain (guaranteed) . . . 39 MFDUAMCO: Insertion loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 FDUAMCO: Insertion loss . . . . . . . . 13 Main units and modules (overview) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 MFDUAMCO: Gain (guaranteed) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 FICOM6: Insertion loss . . . 66 MHA: electrical parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

other parameter) in chapter 4 04 05 06 07 08 09 07/2007 12/2007 02/2008 07/2008 11/2008 03/2009 Expansion of the manual due to new hardware (RSSU and MFDUAMCO/HYBRID4) Expansion due to new hardware MDUX and HYBRID6 for BR9.0 Additions related to new modules CESCOBA and ETHCON.0 Antenna combining modules (4. starting from release BR8.5) – Chapter restructure due to new hardware MHA A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052240e 7 .BS-240XL II product description Reason for update Reason for update Issue history Issue 01 02 03 04 05 01 02 03 Date 01/2005 04/2005 07/2005 11/2005 03/2006 11/2006 12/2006 04/2007 Summary New manual for new release BR8. editorial changes Expansion of the manual due to new antenna line equipment MHA and minor changes Issue history for this document with order number A30808-X3247-M023-*-7618 Issue history for this document with new order number A50016-G5100-A023-*-7618 Issue 09. release independent.0 onward Antenna combining (5) – New amplifier module MHA from BR9. OVPTEXT) in chapters 1 and 3 Revised/new tables (gains. COREXT-R.4) – New amplifier module MHA from BR9.0 New issue New issue New issue Revision to harmonize the descriptions of BTS-TEDs Expansion of the manual due to new 900/1900 MHZ dual band configuration and revised chapters for BR8.0 onward Antenna line equipment MHA/TMA (5.0 Expansion of the manual due to new release BR9. losses.0 Expansion of the manual due to new hardware (FICOM6) and minor changes Expansion of the manual due to new release BR10.0 Expansion of the manual due to new hardware (RSCU.

Reason for update BS-240XL II product description 8 Id:0900d8058052240e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .

The BS-240XL II is an evolution of the BS-240XL product line and represents the mainline of the base stations. And also software-driven redundancy for core. The architecture of the BS-240XL II provides maximum flexibility to develop highest capacity BTSs with reduced volume per TRX and an expanded number of 24 TRXs in 2 racks (48 TRXs with FlexCU). Homogenous service throughout the network is assured by common BTS software running on all the platforms. as well as low training costs and maintenance expenses with a minimal spare parts pool required. The advanced technology guarantees low operational costs and an optimum economy of scale. The modifications represent the latest state of technology while maintaining the outstanding RF performance and conserving backward compatibility with existing base station systems.0 onward. The modular architecture and the flexible internal structure enable the BS-240XL II to provide new GSM features such as enhanced data rates for GSM evolution (EDGE). The modular design principle with a low number of different modules ensures easy installation.BS-240XL II product description Introduction 1 Introduction 1. Any operation for rack extension or TRX substitution doesn’t involve service interruption. This platform ensures that network evolution is as smooth as possible. The provision of a full spectrum of combining equipment allows high power and minimized number of antennas in connection with a high receiver sensitivity. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d805802393c4 9 . commissioning and operating. power supply and broadcast channel modules offer highest reliability end enable hot swapping of modules without service interruption.1 General This manual is applicable for the releases from BR8.

2 Overview of the functionality .0 on also MDUX is available – Antenna combining for the TX path with filter combiners (FICOM) for up to 8 carriers per antenna – Antenna combining for the RX path with amplifying multicouplers (DIAMCO) for up to 24 carriers – Duplexing of RX and TX path with high power duplexer (HPDU) – Mixed Configurations of cells/sectors applying all types of carrier units: normal carrier units (CU and GCU). GSM 1800 and GSM 1900) – Dual band (see below) – Mixed cell configuration to enlarge GSM 900 cells with GSM 1800 frequencies. from BR9.Introduction BS-240XL II product description 1. battery backup and link equipment (service1A and service2 racks) Cell configurations: – Single cell – Multi cell – Up to 6 cells per rack – Up to 12 cells per BS-240XL II – Concentric omnicell: one cell with inner and complete supply area – Concentric multicells: multicell with several sectors plus inner supply area Frequency configurations: – Single band (GSM 850. or GSM 850 cells with GSM 1900 frequencies Dual band configurations: – GSM 900 and GSM 1800 – GSM 900 and GSM 1900 – GSM 850 and GSM 1900 Frequency hopping – Synthesizer frequency hopping – Baseband frequency hopping Combining options: – Antenna combining with duplexers ((MF/F)DUAMCO and COAMCO) for up to 8 carriers with RF amplifier and multicoupler for the RX path. EDGE carrier units (ECU) and flexible carrier units (FlexCU) • • • • • 10 Id:0900d805802393c4 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . GSM 900.main features of BS-240XL II • • • Casing variants: Indoor version only Minimum configuration: – one base rack with up to 24 TRX Maximum configuration: – 2 racks with an entire quantity of 48 carriers (1 base and 1 extension rack) – 5 racks housing power supply modules.

BS-240XL II product description Introduction • Traffic channels: – Full rate (FR) – Half rate (HR) – Enhanced full rate (EFR) – Adaptive multi rate codec (AMR) Services: – GPRS – HSCSD – EDGE Redundancy: – Support of 1:1 core redundancy – Support of BCCH redundancy – Support of TRX redundancy without using any second frequency (from BR10 on) – Support of n+1 power supply redundancy Abis interface configurations: – Star. loop and multidrop configurations are possible – Change of PCM line configuration from star to multidrop or loop and vice versa is possible without any interruption of service External Abis link media can be connected via E1/T1: – Wire – Fiber optic – Microwave • • • • A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d805802393c4 11 . cross connect.

510 kg (1124 Lbs) -5 °C to + 45 °C +23 °F to +113 °F IP20 Typical power consumption extension rack Weight of basic racks in typical configuration Weight of extension racks in typical configuration Weight of service1 rack in configuration: AC/DC (2x).Technical data BS-240XL II product description 2 Technical data Characteristics Dimensions base rack (H x W x D) Max. TRX per BTS (in more than one rack) Max. TRX per cell (with FlexCUs in one rack. without FlexCUs in more than one rack) Volume net Typical power consumption base rack BS-240XL II (indoor) 2025 mm x 600 mm x 450 mm (6’7” x 2’ x 1’5”) 24 (48 with FlexCUs) 24 547 liters 1845 W with CU 2640 W with ECU 3500 W with 12 FlexCU 1745 W with CU 2520 W with ECU 3375 W with 12 FlexCU ca. F:Battery 2x (type A400/85) Weight of service2 rack in configuration: F:Battery 3x (type A400/85) Temperature range Ingress protection rating Table 1 Technical data 12 Id:0900d805802393a5 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . 425 kg (937 Lbs) ca. 250 kg (551 Lbs) ca. 250 kg (551 Lbs) ca.

1990 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d805802393a5 13 .915 880 .915 876 .946 925 .915 876 .960 921 .849 890 .1910 Downlink (MHz) 869 .960 921 .894 935 .1880 1930 .950 1805 .BS-240XL II product description Technical data frequency band GSM 850 P-GSM 900 E-GSM 900 R-GSM 900 GSM-RE 900 GSM-PS 900 GSM 1800 GSM 1900 Table 2 GSM frequency bands (Primary GSM) (Extended GSM) (Railway GSM) (GSM Railway Extension) (P-GSM Shifted to E-GSM) Uplink (MHz) 824 .901 880 .960 925 .1785 1850 .905 1710 .

Hardware architecture BS-240XL II product description 3 Hardware architecture The BS-240XL II is designed to serve 12 carrier units in one rack. Figure 1 BS-240XL II base rack The BTS functional blocks of the BS-240XL II are shown in Figure 2 14 Id:0900d8058052b077 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . Figure 1 shows the base rack.

O 4 PCM V P T duplexer.g.g. FlexCU) 6 . e.BS-240XL II product description Hardware architecture Cell 0 Base Rack 3xTX carrier units (e...g.. FlexCU) 0 . 5 ACTC ACTP Service Rack AC/DC DCP LE 0 LE 1 ACTC DCBCTRL FAN ACTP BATTERY ACP Figure 2 Functional blocks of a BS-240XL II (configuration example) A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052b077 15 . FlexCU) 0 ..g. 3xTX MFDUAMCO RXDIV Cell 3 3xTX duplexer.g. 11 ACTC COSA (e. COBA4P12) Cell 1 carrier units (e. P 2 PCM T Sync.g.g. 11 FAN DCP carrier units (e. Sync. RX MFDUAMCO 3xTX RXDIV carrier units (e. RX e. 5 CC-Links OASI Abis 2 PCM O V Ext. MFDUAMCO 3xTX RXDIV 3xTX COBA (e. MFDUAMCO 3xTX RXDIV Cell 2 3xTX ACTM FAN CAN BUS DCP Extension Rack duplexer.g. RX e. COSA4P12) Abis duplexer.g. FlexCU) 6 . RX e.g.

LE and batteries) – Service2 rack (for LE and batteries) Figure 3 shows the BS-240XL II configured with 24 TRX. The carrier unit provides all analog and digital signal processing including an RF power stage necessary to process a single carrier (e.) as well as LAPD processing for the carriers. O&M processing.1 Rack configuration The BS-240XL II with 12 TRXs per rack (24 with FlexCUs). expandable up to 24 TRXs (48 with FlexCU) in 2 racks. 16 Id:0900d8058052b077 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .g. Baseband frequency hopping is also supported.g. Alarms of the carrier units are transmitted via CC-link... 3. GSM 8 TCHs).Hardware architecture BS-240XL II product description Legend: AC/DC ACP ACTC ACTM ACTP CAN COBA COSA DCBCTRL DCP DIAMCO MFDUAMCO FlexCU LE OASI OVPT AC/DC Rectifier AC Panel Alarm Collection Terminal Connection Alarm Collection Terminal Master for base rack (optional) Alarm Collection Terminal Processor for extension and slave rack Controller Area Network Core Basis Core Satellite DC and Battery Controller DC Panel DI(2) Amplifier Multicoupler Multi-Standard Flexible Duplex Amplifier Multicoupler Flexible Carrier Unit Link Equipment Operator Available Serial Interface Over Voltage Protection The architecture of BS-240XL II provides maximum flexibility to develop large and small BTSs. are transported via the CAN bus. The main communication between the modules is provided by means of bi-directional serial links (CC-Links) between the carrier units and the core modules. The carrier unit(s) interface with the combining equipment on the one side and with the core modules on the other.. besides the alarms generated in the COBA and in the carrier units. The core modules provide functions common to all carriers within the BTS (e. All alarms. is supplied for indoor installation. clock generation. There are four different rack types: – Base rack (with core modules) – Extension rack (when more then 12 carrier units are required) – Service1A rack (with AC/DC. These CC-links handle the entire communication between BTS core and carrier units.

Legend: ACOM Antenna combining module A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052b077 17 .BS-240XL II product description Hardware architecture DC-PANEL ACT-C FAN 0 ACOM 0 ACOM 1 FAN 1 ACOM 3 FAN 0 ACOM 0 ACOM 1 DC-PANEL ACT-C FAN 1 ACOM 2 ACOM 3 ACOM 2 FAN 2 CU 4 CU 5 ACOM 5 FAN 3 CU 10 CU 11 CU 4 FAN 2 CU 5 ACOM 5 FAN 3 CU 10 CU 11 FAN 4 CU 2 CU 3 ACOM 4 FAN 5 CU 8 CU 9 CU 2 FAN 4 CU 3 ACOM 4 FAN 5 CU 8 CU 9 FAN 6 CU 0 CU 1 COBA COSA COBA COSA 0 0 1 1 FAN 7 CU 6 CU 7 CU 0 FAN 6 CU 1 FAN 7 CU 6 CU 7 Figure 3 BS-240XL II base rack and extension rack g Six ACOM slots are necessary when the extension rack of the BS-240XL II is equipped with FlexCU.

Hardware architecture BS-240XL II product description The service racks (see Figure 4 and Figure 5) satisfy various applications depending on the number of carrier units configured and/or the number and kind of network termination equipment provided and the battery backup time required. Figure 4 Various BTS configurations with BS-240XL II service1A rack 18 Id:0900d8058052b077 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . There are two basic kinds of service racks: one with the AC/DC system (service1A rack) and one for installation of LE and batteries (service2 rack).

For more information.BS-240XL II product description Hardware architecture Figure 5 Various configurations of BS-240XL II service2 rack AC power supply by Eltek rack A DC-supplied BTS can also be powered by an Eltek power supply rack. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052b077 19 . The Eltek power supply rack is applicable for indoor use. ask your sales representative.

ECUDHPVx ECUPVx. Carrier units receive and convert RF signals into TRAU frames/signaling data (for uplink) and vice versa (for downlink). Name/Type Core modules: COBA COSA COREXT M:COBA2P8Vx M:COBA4P12Vx M:CESCOBAVx M:COSA6P16 M:COSA4P12 M:COREXTVx CUGVx CUDVx CUPVx GCUGVx GCUDVx ECU850HPVx ECU850Vx ECUGVx ECUDVx. The carrier units can be equipped in the base and extension racks. All types may be mixed. The hybrid extensions are available for 850/900 MHz and for 1800/1900 MHz.Module description BS-240XL II product description 4 Module description 4. The FICOM6 is available from BR9 on. Table 3 Main units and modules (overview) 20 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . The MFDUAMCO is the successor of the FDUAMCO. core satellite and core link extension modules (the last two modules increase the number of PCM lines and CC-links) can be equipped only in the base rack.1 Overview F-V1) No Remarks Core basis.0 on. MDUX and HYBRID6 are available from BR9. ECUPHPVx FCU850Vx FCUGVx FCUDVx FCUPVx DUAMCO2x DUAMCO4x DUAMCO8x FDUAMCO (x:2 mode) MFDUAMCO850Vx MFDUAMCOEGVx MFDUAMCOPGVx MFDUAMCOPS5Vx MFDUAMCOREVx MFDUAMCODVx MFDUAMCOPVx HYBRID4G8Vx HYBRID4DPVx MDUXDVx MDUXEGVx MDUXPGVx HYBRID6DPVx HYBRID6G8Vx COAMCO8DPVx COAMCO8G8Vx CU Yes GCU ECU Yes Yes FlexCU Yes DUAMCO FDUAMCO MFDUAMCO HYBRID4 MDUX HYBRID6 COAMCO8 FICOM6 Yes Antenna system modules can be equipped in the base and extension racks. They provide up to 8 PCM lines.

It: – can be equipped in the base rack – supports 100 Ω /120 Ω balanced line or 75 Ω coaxial line The Ethernet connector module is necessary to support the CESoPSN functionality in combination with a CESCOBA. Different TMAs are available for different transmit frequencies. The LE breaker panel provides the distribution of the -48 V supply voltage to the modules within the service racks.0 onward with MFDUAMCO or with FICOM6. MHA Yes OVPT ABISCON M:OVPTVx M:OVPTKOAXVx M:ABISCONVx M:ABISCONCXVx No ETHCON ETHCONVx No LE ---- No AC/DC system DC and battery controller Battery DCP ADP AC/DCDVx AC/DCAVx DCBCTRLDVx DCBCTRLAVx. Different MHAs exist for different frequency bands. MDxA are feasible only with BTS versions from BR9. BATTPACKVx DCP:R12-2BVx DCP:R12-2EVx ADPAVx ADPA/UVx ADP-2Vx DCP:LEBREAKVx DCP:LEBREAK2Vx No No No No No LE breaker panel No Table 3 Main units and modules (overview) (Cont. The overvoltage protection and tracer and the Abis connection modules are optional modules and can be installed alternatively.BS-240XL II product description Module description Name/Type TMA TMAx STMAx DTMAx MDTA850Vx MDGA900Vx MDDA1800Vx MDPA1900Vx F-V1) Yes Remarks Optional module that connects the antenna with the BTS in order to amplify the receive signal and pass through the transmit signal. The ADP connects the BTS to the AC supply line. Mast head amplifiers are optional modules that connect the antenna with the BTS in order to amplify the receive signal. The DC panel is used for distribution of -48 V DC and can be equipped in the base and extension rack. it must be installed in the service1A rack. AC/DC rectifier used for AC power (can be equipped in the service1A rack). Backup batteries are mandatory for AC-supplied systems and must be installed in the service racks. Supervision of the AC/DC converter and of the connected battery systems (in service1A and service2 racks). The Abis link equipment is an optional customersupplied module and acts as the front end to provide the Abis interface in service1A and service2 racks.) A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 21 .

ACTC-3V1) – ACTM can be equipped in the base rack. Table 3 Main units and modules (overview) (Cont. Each of the frames is necessary for installing the equipment. alternatively to MEF.g.Module description BS-240XL II product description Name/Type ACTC ACTP ACTM ACTC-yVx ACTPVx ACTMVx ACTM24Vx F-V1) No Remarks Alarm collection modules: – ACTC is equipped in each rack (e. Cover parts are absolutely mandatory to force air flow through modules plugged and avoid bypassing. for cleaning the cooling air One type of rack for all.) 22 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . MSU AC MSU:AC3PH-2Vx MSU:AC3PHVx MSU:AC2PH80UVx MSU:BASV2 MSU:DC100AVx MSU:LPDC80-2Vx MSU:DCVx MSU:BASV4 MSU:100ADCVx OPEXAL10Vx EAPBVx FANVx FAN-NIVx DUSTFILM-2Vx R:BS120-2Vx F:AC/DCAVx F:AC/DCDVx F:ACOMCUVx F:ACOMVx F:BATTRAYVx F:BATTRAYBV3 F:CORECUVx F:CUVx F:FAN-2Vx F:NTVx CP:20MMBFx CP:ACDCAVx CP:ACDCDVx CP:ACOMVx CP:ACTVx CP:AIRINLETVx CP:COSA/COBAVx CP:CUVx CP:DIAMCOVx No MSU DC No For external DC lines and upgrade kit for lightning protection. Fan units are mandatory for each rack. extension and service2 racks. – ACTP is equipped in each extension and service rack Mains supply unit for AC. Cover parts No Cover parts close the unequipped slots to ensure the airflow inside the rack. OPEXAL EAP Fan Dust filter Rack Frames No No No No No Optional lightning protection module for the ACTM alarm input lines. Optional module for indoor. Can be equipped in the base.

g. e. for: – air duct – rack cabling – cabling for Inter Site Synchronization (optional) – earth quake equipment – prevention of battery deep discharge Table 3 1) Main units and modules (overview) (Cont.) "Yes" indicates that the module has variants for different frequencies. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 23 .BS-240XL II product description Module description Name/Type Mounting kits MK:AIRBRVx MK:AIRGUIDEVx MK:BATTERYVx MK:BATTPACKVx MK:CAR12-2xxxVx MK:CAR12-2S1UVx MK:CARSH-ISSVx MK:COREXTB/EVx MK:EAPB-BOXRV1 MK:EMCR-2Vx MK:EQ4RVx MK:ETHCONSHVx MK:FOCVx MK:LE6R-2Vx MK:NO-DISVx MK:OPEXALVx F-V1) No Remarks There are some mounting kits for cabling and installation inside and outside the racks.

Module description

BS-240XL II product description

4.2

Core modules
Core modules include COBA board, COSA board and COREXT board. The core modules have the following tasks inside of the BTS: • local controlling of the entire BTS • generation of system clocks • providing of up to 8 Abis interfaces (PCM30/24) to BSC or other BTSs • providing of up to 24 CU interfaces • providing interfaces to internal and external alarms • providing an interface to the LMT/OMT • providing an interface for external clock synchronization • handling and processing of O&M messages Core redundancy is supported (see Core redundancy). Three families of core modules exist: 1. COBA2P8, COSA6P16 2. COBA4P12, COSA4P12, COREXT 3. CESCOBA (from BR10 onward) A mix of COBA2P8/COSA6P16 with COBA4P12/COSA4P12/COREXT or with CESCOBA, e.g. COBA4P12 and COSA6P16, is not allowed. A mix of CESCOBA with COSA4P12/COREXT is possible for certain combinations. See Table 4 for the all possible configurations for CESCOBA with COSA4P12/COREXT. In case of CESCOBA configuration, an ETHCON is always necessary.
CU slots 0…7 * Base cabinet yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes** yes** yes** yes** yes** yes** yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes CU slots 8…11 * Base cabinet CU slots 0…11 * Ext. cabinet

Combination of core modules COBA2P8 COBA2P8 + COSA6P16 2 COBA2P8 2 COBA2P8 + 2 COSA6P16 COBA4P12 COBA4P12 + COREXT COBA4P12 + COSA4P12 2 COBA4P12 2 COBA4P12 + 2 COREXT 2 COBA4P12 + 2 COSA4P12 CESCOBA CESCOBA + COREXT CESCOBA + COSA4P12 2 CESCOBA 2 CESCOBA + 2 COREXT 2 CESCOBA + 2 COSA4P12

Abis lines 2 8 2 8 2 4 8 2 4 8 0 0 4 0 0 4

CU interfaces 8 24 8 24 8 12 24 8 12 24 8 12 24 8 12 24

Abis crossconnect

Core redundancy

Table 4

Core configurations

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Module description

Combination of core modules

Abis lines

CU interfaces

Abis crossconnect

CU slots 0…7 * Base cabinet

CU slots 8…11 * Base cabinet

CU slots 0…11 * Ext. cabinet

Core redundancy

*) CU Slots supported by the core equipment **) via IP connections only

Table 4

Core configurations (Cont.)

Core boards have a common backplane. The connection of the core modules with the OVPT/Abis interface and the carrier units is done via cables, which are plugged into the backplane.
Base rack OVPT CU Extension rack CU

COBA

COSA

COBA red. COSA red.

Abis

Abis

Abis

Abis

Abis CUs

CC-Link

CC-Link

CC-Link

CC-Link

other interfaces

Figure 6

Connection of core modules

Hot plug-in: A hot plug-in of COBA and COSA is possible. This means that these boards can be plugged in/out with voltage switched on without disturbing other HW inside the rack (no loss of data on other boards) and without destroying other boards. After the plug-in of a core board, this board is in "reset" state and all bus drivers of external busses are in tristate. These drivers will be enabled not before initialization of the devices, which serve the external busses.

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Module description

BS-240XL II product description

4.2.1

Core basis (COBA)
The COBA is the central board of the core. The main components of this board are the base core controller, the advanced clock generation, the serial link interface controller that manage the external interface towards the carrier units, the PCM30/24 Abis interfaces, the internal system alarm interface, and also an interface to one COSA to expand the BTS. The COBA has to be installed in the base rack. Types of COBA: • M:COBA2P8Vx • M:COBA4P12Vx • M:CESCOBAVx

g Name convention for COBAs and COSAs:
The first digit gives the number of Abis interfaces, the following letter gives the kind of Abis interface (e.g. P for PCM30/24), and the following number gives the number of carrier unit interfaces (CC-links). For example: COBA2P8 means 2 PCM30/24 Abis interfaces and 8 carrier unit interfaces. COBA4P12 means 4 PCM30/24 Abis interfaces and 12 carrier unit interfaces. The base core controller maintains the software of all BTS units in FLASH-EPROMs, monitors the software download, and terminates all internal system alarms. Beside the O&M functions, the controller handles the signaling messages between the core and the carrier units (CC-link). The ACLK generates the system specific timing signals that are distributed by the CC-link to the carrier units. The "cross connect" feature is supported. To provide this feature, additional core modules are required: • With COBA2P8: A COSA6P16 must be installed additionally. • With COBA4P12: Either a COSA4P12 or a COREXT must be installed additionally. • With CESCOBA: Either a COSA4P12 or a COREXT must be installed additionally. The CESCOBA module (available from BR10 onward) is required if Circuit Emulation Service over Packet functionality shall be applied. The CESCOBA is a COBA version for the BTSE family which is designed to carry TDM traffic (Abis) over a packet network without external equipment. TDM to Packet interworking functionality is based on the Pseudo Wire emulation Edge-to-Edge mechanism (PWE3), which allows the transport of all relevant parts of a service, such as E1/T1 lines, over a packet switched network. This kind of emulation is called Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched Network (CESoPSN). For more information about CESoPSN functionality, see the feature description “FD10560: Internal Ethernet/IP interfaces for BSS”. The CESCOBA must not be mixed with COBA4P12, COBA2P8 or COSA6P16.One (or two) CESCOBA module(s) can only be configured in combination with one Ethernet connector module (ETHCON). Core redundancy is possible (see Core redundancy). Fault propagation through dependent modules If core redundancy is not installed and a failure in the COBA module occurs , the entire BTS goes out of service until the faulty COBA module is replaced.

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Module description

If core redundancy is installed and a failure in the active COBA module occurs, all calls will be lost and the BSTE switches to the stand-by COBA without any further service interruption. If the CESCOBA is configured and the ETHCON unit is faulty, the BTSE is out of operation even if core redundancy is applied.

4.2.2

Core satellite (COSA)
The main task of the COSA board is to increase the number of the PCM30/24 Abis interfaces and CC-links of the COBA. A COSA in combination with a COBA make the "cross connect" functionality available. The COSA is an optional module. It is located in the base rack. The COSA is controlled by the COBA and receives the working-clock from the COBA. The first 8 carrier units in the base rack are supported by the COBA. The COSA supports 4 additional carrier units in the base rack and 12 carrier units in the extension rack. The COSA extends the configuration by up to 6 Abis ports. In the configuration with COBA and COSA, the BTS can support a maximum of 8 PCM lines and a maximum of 24 carrier units. See Table 4 for all possible core configurations. Types of COSA: • COSA6P16 • COSA4P12 COBA2P8 extension with 6 Abis links and 16 CC-links COBA4P12 extension with 4 Abis links and 12 CC-links

g For the naming convention see note at COBA description. 4.2.3 Core link extension (COREXT)
The main task of the COREXT board is to increase the number of the PCM30/24 Abis interfaces and CC-links of the COBA. A COSA in combination with a COBA make the "cross connect" functionality available. The COREXT board is an optional module and can be installed alternatively to a COSA board inside the COSA slot in the base rack. The COREXT board connects 4 carrier unit ports and 2 Abis ports located at the COBA4P12 board via core backplane to the appropriate interfaces. The COREXT is a passive board without a DC supply interface. Type of COREXT: • COREXTV1: COBA4P12 extension with 2 Abis (PCM) links and 4 CC-links

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The passive one is waiting for its activation in case of a failure within the active core. but only one (the active core) is connected. One of the COBAs is active and one passive.Module description BS-240XL II product description CU CU CU CU CU CU CU CU CU CU CU CU COREXT COBA 4P12 2x Abis 2x Abis Figure 7 Example of a configuration with COBA4P12 and COREXT BA S E RAC K X L AN T EN N A C OM B .4 Core redundancy To fulfill the core redundancy aspects.2. Both cores (#0 and #1) have link interfaces to the Abis lines. 28 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . a redundant COBA can be installed. the redundancy algorithm switches to the passive one. In case of a serious fault to the active COBA. cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu C O R E X T/ C O S A4P12 C ESC OBA AC T E TH C O N 4 xAb is ET H LM T/ C AN T PC Figure 8 Example of a configuration with CESCOBA and COREXT 4.

each carrier unit is linked with both cores. that means no data synchronization between the two COBAs. i. Signal processing takes place only within the carrier units. the active and the passive core have links to the carrier units. The redundancy interface is realized as a 2 Mbit/s HDLC link which provides a communication interface between the two main microprocessors. all calls will be lost and the BSTE switches to the stand-by COBA without any further service interruption.BS-240XL II product description Module description If the core consists of a combination of COBA and COSA or COBA and COREXT modules. Both. The ACLK of the active core is connected with the one on the passive core. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 29 . a mixed configuration with COBA2P8 and COBA4P12 in the same BTS is not allowed. g With core redundancy.e. all calls will get lost if a core switch over occurs. If core redundancy is installed and a failure in the active COBA module occurs. The traffic data are transmitted transparently through the active core. Fault propagation through dependent modules in case of core redundancy The redundant implemented COBA is a "cold" one. It allows the passive ACLK to be synchronized to the active one.. In reverse. each of these modules must be installed twice. g Redundancy is implemented in a cold-standby mode.

4. The mechanical design of ECU is identical to that of all other CU versions.Module description BS-240XL II product description 4.3. GCU. Each carrier unit can be replaced by another without any additional hardware change.3. which is amplified to the desired power level.g. EDGE carrier units (ECUs). the signaling and traffic data are received from the core and converted into GMSK or 8PSK modulated signals which are amplified to the desired power level. and flexible carrier units (FlexCUs). GSM 900.1 Carrier units (CU) The CU is a carrier unit variant which supports GMSK modulation. GSM 1800 and GSM 1900 exist (see also Table 5). In the uplink (UL) direction. GMSK and 8PSK modulated signals are supported. GSM 1800.3 EDGE carrier unit (ECU) The ECU can support EDGE functionality in uplink and downlink. For the typical and the guaranteed values of RF output power level. 4. In the downlink (DL) direction. With the introduction of EDGE. In downlink direction. and GSM 1900 exist (see also Table 5). two or four RF signals (diversity) are received and finally converted into TRAU frames and signaling data.3. CU. ECU and FlexCU modules may be installed in any kind of mixed configurations. 30 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . Different variants of GCUs for the frequency bands GSM 900 and GSM 1800 exist (see also Table 5). e.2 GSM carrier unit (GCU) The GCU is a carrier unit variant that supports GMSK modulation. Different variants of CUs for the several frequency bands GSM 900. 4. TRAU frames and signaling data are received from the core and converted into a GMSK or 8PSK modulated RF signal. Different types of carrier related modules can be used: carrier units (CUs and GCUs). see section Carrier unit output power level.3 Carrier related modules The carrier unit takes care of all carrier oriented tasks. into different sectors. It converts the signaling and traffic data into a GMSK or 8PSK modulated signal. it is possible to mix EDGE and non-EDGE timeslots on the same carrier. A FlexCU is a complete two-carrier unit and its two TRXs can be configured independently. it is therefore hardware compatible and fits into all BTS racks. Different variants of ECUs for the several frequency bands GSM 850. • • An ECU is similar to a GCU but with the additional support of 8PSK modulation.

traffic and signaling data are received and converted into two GMSK or 8PSK modulated signals which are amplified to the desired power level. this mode is automatically activated. four RF signals are received and converted into traffic and signaling data. with full support of MCS-1 to MCS-9 in uplink and downlink. It is based on the ECU keeping the same dimensions. and GSM 1900. and can therefore increase the system reliability. it is recommended to activate the feature "Transmission Diversity Time Delay". In uplink direction. Combiner(s) TX0 RX-a RX-b TX0 TX1 RX-c RX-d Signal Processing TX0 RX-N0 RX-Div0 TX1 RX-N1 RX-Div1 Figure 9 FlexCU – Double TRX mode The so called fourfold receive diversity mode is the single TRX mode in which the FlexCU functions as one carrier unit with four receivers. the number of carriers within the existing rack(s) can be doubled. The four receivers of the FlexCU are fed by four independent antennas via one (F)DUAMCO together with one DIAMCO. The doubled number of the RX paths leads to an enhanced diversity gain. If transmit diversity is enabled. e.3. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 31 . GSM 1800. As soon as a TRX is idle.g. The fourfold receive diversity mode enhances the receiver sensitivity of the BTS. It functions like two independent ECUs with complete twofold EDGE TRX functionality: Each of both transceivers shows a fullequipped main receiver and diversity receiver. With this enhanced power saving mode. into different sectors. GSM 900.BS-240XL II product description Module description 4. the overall power consumption of an idle FlexCU (both TRXs in idle state) is only about 40 W. FlexCU operation modes FlexCUs may operate in two different modes: the double and the single TRX mode. This is an ideal solution to double the capacity of BTSs. One type for each frequency band exists (see also Table 5). The double TRX mode is the default configuration of a FlexCU. The FlexCU either acts as two independent ECUs or as one carrier unit with four receivers.4 Flexible carrier unit (FlexCU) The FlexCU is a complete two-carrier unit. the transmitter (TX) is switched off. To improve the downlink in fourfold receive diversity mode. The TX path is fed via the (F)DUAMCO to two of the four antennas. The FlexCU supports all frequency bands: GSM 850. Its two TRXs can be configured independently. an advantage not only for footprint restricted BTS sites. By using FlexCUs instead of other carrier units. In downlink direction. the so called "fourfold receive diversity" mode. A working FlexCU requires about 30% less power than two ECUs.

0 43.0 48.3 47.3 45.0 48.0 47.0 45.3 44.3 48.3 47. ECUs and FlexCUs.7 46.0 48.5 Carrier unit output power level The typical and the guaranteed values of RF output power level per TRX are listed below for CUs.0 44.7 46.0 47.3 46.0 FlexCU GSM 850 GSM 900 GSM 1800 GSM 1900 FCU850V1 FCUGV1 FCUDV1 FCUPV1 Table 5 Carrier unit output power level (typical and guaranteed values) g For the U. Frequency band Carrier unit type dBm Typical RF output power GMSK Watt 54 54 37 54 37 68 68 68 54 68 54 68 68 50 50 50 50 8PSK dBm -----46. you can find the power reduction of the carrier units for 850 MHz and 1900 MHz in chapter FCC Issues.3 48.7 46.4 47.0 46.7 48.0 45.0 46.0 48.0 46. 32 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .3 48.S.0 44.3 47. dependent on its frequency bands and modulation types (GMSK and 8PSK).7 8PSK dBm Watt -----40 40 40 32 32 32 32 32 23 23 23 23 CU/GCU GSM 900 GSM 1800 GSM 1900 ECU GSM 850 GSM 900 GSM 1800 GSM 1900 CUGV3 / V4 GCUGV2 CUDV3 / V4 GCUDV2 CUPV4 ECU850HPV2 ECU850V3 / V3A ECUGV3 / V3A ECUDV2 ECUDHPV3 / V3A ECUPV2 ECUPHPV2 ECUPHPV3 / V3A 47.7 43.0 45.0 45.3 47. market.0 47.3 45.4 48.0 47.3 46.0 48.0 47.3 45.3 45.3 48.0 44.Module description BS-240XL II product description Combiner(s) TX0 RX-a RX-b TX0 TX1 RX-c RX-d TX0 RX-N RX-Div0 TX0 RX-Div1 RX-Div2 Signal Processing Figure 10 FlexCU – Single TRX mode – Fourfold receive diversity mode 4.0 47.7 47.3 45. GCUs.0 Watt -----43 43 43 34 34 34 34 34 25 25 25 25 dBm 47.7 43.7 43.7 Guaranteed RF output power GMSK Watt 50 50 35 50 35 63 63 63 50 63 50 63 63 47 47 47 47 -----46.3 45.0 45.0 45.3 45. The values in "Watt" are rounded.0 45.3 48.3.

Different DUAMCO versions provide different functionality: • a DUAMCO 2:2 module connects one carrier to one antenna • a DUAMCO 4:2 module connects up to two carriers to one antenna • a DUAMCO 8:2 module connects up to four carriers to one antenna g It is possible to implement DUAMCO/FDUAMCO modules of different frequency bands. The operation continues with performance degradation. The BTS can work with three different amplifier multicouplers: e. the amplifier will reach lower sensitivity and generates a warning. or GSM 1800. If a carrier unit loses both RX paths. 4. The operation continues without diversity feature. the corresponding path of the receiver will not be ready for operation.4 Antenna combining modules Various types of combining modules are available. which provides filtering functions for both. It splits the receive signal to be used in the carrier units and serves as a duplexer unit. The connected carrier units lose one of their RX paths (normal or diversity path). it will be configured out of operation. The DUAMCO is equipped with complete TMA interfaces for DC supply and signaling. For more information. If more than one branch of the whole amplifier chain is faulty. If only one branch of one amplifier has a failure. g DUAMCOs of different versions have a different TX attenuation.FDUAMCO/DUAMCO. It is possible to install up to six DUAMCO 2:2 or DUAMCO 4:2 and up to two DUAMCO 8:2 respectively in one rack. RX and TX paths and low noise amplification for the RX path. see Antenna Combining . or the MFDUAMCO. Each type comes in various modules and is associated with various frequency bands. The filter combiner FICOM6 offers the same advantages like MFDUAMCO but with lower insertion loss for a high number of TRXs per cell. with the DUAMCO. Different versions of DUAMCO are available for each frequency band. or GSM 900. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 33 . which offers the most flexible way to combine. but: All combining equipment in a cell must support the same frequency range (that means either GSM 850.BS-240XL II product description Module description 4. g Use FDUAMCORE modules for the GSM-RE 900 MHz band.4. Each of the DUAMCO modules combines the transmit and receive paths to one antenna.1 Duplexer amplifier multicoupler (DUAMCO) The DUAMCO consists of two identical modules.g. or GSM 1900). Fault propagation through dependent modules Each amplifier of the DUAMCO RX path (LNA) consists of two parallel branches. its successor FDUAMCO.

The FDUAMCO is equipped with complete TMA interfaces for DC supply and signaling. which each combine the transmit and receive paths to one antenna. The MFDUAMCO is equipped with complete MHA/TMA interfaces for DC supply and signaling. It consists of two identical modules.Module description BS-240XL II product description 4.FDUAMCO/DUAMCO. The termination is not required if an MFDUAMCO module is not used in the cell configurations.2 Flexible duplexer amplifier multicoupler (FDUAMCO) The FDUAMCO is the successor of the DUAMCO.3 MFDUAMCO The MFDUAMCO is the successor of DUAMCO and FDUAMCO.4. the same mode of the MFDUAMCO shall be installed. For more information. see Antenna combining . All RX and RXCA outputs of MFDUAMCO which are not connected to RX input of a carrier unit.MFDUAMCO. shall be terminated with 50 Ω load resistor. All RX and RXCA outputs of FDUAMCO which are not connected to RX input of a carrier unit. Each MFDUAMCO module may be operated in one of the following modes (by jumper settings): • 2:2 mode: 1 carrier is fed to the antenna port • 4:2 mode: 2 carriers are combined and fed to the antenna port Within each cell/sector.4. 4. shall be terminated with 50 Ω load resistor. and a single remote electrical tilt (RET) for controlling the antenna tilt. For more information. The FDUAMCO can be combined with a COAMCO8 module to support more carrier units. 34 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . Each FDUAMCO module may be operated in one of the following modes (by jumper settings): • 2:2 mode: 1 carrier is fed to the antenna port • 4:2 mode: 2 carriers are combined and fed to the antenna port Within each cell/sector the same mode of the FDUAMCO shall be installed. The MFDUAMCO can be combined with a HYBRID4 module and a COAMCO8 module to support more carrier units. which each combines the transmit and receive paths to one antenna. see Antenna Combining . The termination is not required if an FDUAMCO module is not used in the cell configurations. It consists of two identical modules.

The MDUX unit provides 6 independent duplexers with filtering functions for both RX and TX paths and low noise amplification for the RX path. If used. The MDUX has a DC power consumption of about 50 W and supports one frequency band. MDUX/HYBRID6 units can be configured together with other combining hardware.4. the MDUX can be used for 6 antennas with 1 or 2 carriers each. see Antenna Combining .4 Hybrid extension module for MFDUAMCO (HYBRID4) The HYBRID4 is an optional module in combination with an MFDUAMCO to provide a 4:2 configuration or – with an additional COAMCO8 – an 8:2 configuration.g. Restrictions for combiner usage • If a TMA is needed. RX and TX paths and low noise amplification for the RX path.5 Multiple duplexer (MDUX) g MDUX and HYBRID6 modules are available for BTSs from BR9. because it is fastened to the MFDUAMCO by screws at the front panel.MFDUAMCO-HYBRID4 Configuration. The same duplexer enhanced with one 3dB hybrid unit of the HYBRID6 module combines RX and TX of 2 TRXs onto one antenna. Different types of the MDUX module are available for the frequency bands DCS 1800. The MDUX serves as a duplexer unit. Two MDUX modules of different frequency bands can be installed into the same base or extension rack for dual-band applications. The MDUX on the RX side provides 4 RX ports per duplexer.BS-240XL II product description Module description 4. Depending on the usage of HYBRID6 (hybrid extension) modules. E-GSM 900. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 35 .e. e. For more information. i. in one base/extension rack. g The frequency band of the combiner must correspond to the frequency band of the installed carrier units. for up to 12 carriers in total: • • A duplexer without HYBRID6 module combines RX and TX of one TRX onto one antenna. HYBRID4 modules are available for GSM 850/900 MHz or GSM 1800/1900 MHz. The HYBRID4 unit consists of two identical modules. it must be installed in the same ACOM slot as the related MFDUAMCO. These 4 ports can be used to connect the RX paths of 2 TRXs and the RXdiversity paths of 2 other TRXs to one duplexer and hence prepares the duplexer for the implementation of cells with up to 4 TRXs and diversity. 4. g HYBRID4 and MFDUAMCO units of different manufacturers can be mixed. (F)DUAMCO or DIAMCO. a 3rd party low-gain TMA with external BIAS-T and power supply must be used.4. Each of these modules provides two RF input ports and one RF output port to combine the TX paths from several carrier units to one connector.0 onward. The 6 duplexers can be freely assigned to different cells as required at the particular BTS site. and P-GSM 900. which provides filtering functions for both. The combiner splits the receive signal to be used in the carrier units.

36 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . Each 3dB hybrid unit combines two TX signals of the same frequency band onto one output port – this output signal can be fed into the TX input port of one of the duplexers of a MDUX.6 Hybrid extension module for MDUX (HYBRID6) g MDUX and HYBRID6 modules are available for BTSs from BR9. The alarm line is connected to the ACTC module. for up to 12 carriers in total (with FlexCUs).Module description BS-240XL II product description • • • A discrete alarm line instead of the CAN bus is used to indicate a failure of the MDUX-internal DC/DC converter. i.4. The HYBRID6 module consists of 3 hybrids units and is used in combination with an MDUX to combine 2 TRXs onto one antenna.0 onward. Different types of the HYBRID6 module are available for GSM 850/900 MHz and GSM 1800/1900 MHz. see Antenna Combining .e. the remaining slot width must be closed with a cover part CP:DIAMCOV2.MDUX. the free space must be covered with one cover part CP:DIAMCOV2 and one cover part CP:COBA/COSV2.HYBRID6 and Antenna Combining MDUX with HYBRID6. As the module is purely passive. For detailed information. The combiner does not provide VSWR supervision and LNA alarms. All RX and RXCA outputs of MDUX which are not connected to a RX input of a carrier unit shall be terminated with 50 Ω load resistor. supervision and alarming. g Depending on the usage of HYBRID6 modules. it does not require DC power supply. necessary: • • If two HYBRID6 modules are used (in ACOM slots). The second output of the 3dB hybrid unit is terminated with a load. Up to 2 HYBRID6 modules can be installed for 6 antennas with 1 or 2 carriers each. Termination is not required if the MDUX module is not used in cell configurations. the usage of cover parts becomes For detailed information. g The frequency band must correspond to the frequency band of the used MDUX module and the installed carrier units. 4. see Antenna Combining . If only one HYBRID6 module is used (in an ACOM slot).

e.0 onward. previous TMA STMA E-GSM STMA 850 DTMA DCS DTMA PCS Table 6 MHA MDGA MDTA MDDA MDPA Possible TMA substitutions with MHA Two kinds of TMA exist: the "single TMA" (GSM 850. for one MFDUAMCO/FICOM6. i. see Antenna combining .BS-240XL II product description Module description 4. so four carriers are combined and fed to the antenna port.4.7 Co-amplifier multicoupler (COAMCO8) The COAMCO8 consists of two identical modules. The MHA is feasible only with MFDUAMCO or with the FICOM6 from BR9. a BIAS-T (DUBIAS) for powering and signaling of the TMA is required. or equivalent O&M configuration setting). MFDUAMCO-HYBRID4 configuration to provide an 8:2 configuration. GSM 900) and the "dual TMA" (GSM 1800. See Table 6 for possible substitutions if existing TMAs are replaced by MDxA. if set to MHA/TMA mode (dip switch 1 and 6 are ON. One single TMA (STMA) is needed for each RX path of (F)DUAMCO. One dual TMA (DTMA) is needed for two RX paths of (F)DUAMCO. The MFDUAMCO / FICOM6. Different types of MHA exist for different frequency bands: • MDTA (850 MHz) • MDGA (E-GSM. 900 MHz) • MDDA (1800 MHz) • MDPA (1900 MHz) The MDxA units replace the TMA units without change of functionality. The COAMCO8 is used in combination with: • • • FDUAMCO in 4:2 mode to provide an 8:2 configuration.COAMCO8. COAMCO8 modules are available for GSM 850/900 MHz or GSM 1800/1900 MHz. g If the TMA is used together with a HPDU. MDUX-HYBRID6 configuration to provide an 8:2 configuration.4. MHA are not applicable for GSM-R BTS. automatically detects the connected type of MHA A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 37 . 4. GSM 1900). One MHA is needed for two RX paths. The configuration with MHA or TMA is advantageous because the system sensitivity will not be degraded by feeder cable loss.8 Mast head amplifier / tower mounted amplifier (MHA/TMA) MHA and TMA are optional modules that connect the antenna with the BTS in order to amplify the receive signal. For more information.

The connected MFDUAMCO/FICOM6 generates an alarm message towards the O&M. the amplifier reaches lower gain and the connected (F)DUAMCO/DIAMCO will generate a warning towards the O&M. The connected (F)DUAMCO/DIAMCO generates an alarm to O&M in case of malfunction. Each green LED indicates that the DC for the MHA is "OK" and each red LED gives notice of a faulty MHA if the BTS is configured for MHA. If a branch fails. Each green LED indicates that the DC for the TMA is "OK" and each red LED gives notice of a faulty TMA if the BTS is configured for TMA.Module description BS-240XL II product description /TMA (legacy S/DTMA or MDxA) and then initiates the correct operating mode of MDxA after power-up. the MFDUAMCO/FICOM6 works in MUCO mode and only the second amplifier of the RX chain is active.MHA/TMA. both amplifiers become active and the attenuation switches off. LEDs on the front panel of the (F)DUAMCO/DIAMCO show the state of each TMA. Only a POWER ON/RESET or a software reset can terminate the state of "Fail save compensation". The connected carrier units continue their operation with minor performance degradation. the (F)DUAMCO/DIAMCO works in MUCO mode and only the second amplifier of the RX chain is active. The connected (F)DUAMCO/DIAMCO generates an alarm message towards the O&M. The connected MFDUAMCO/FICOM6 generates an alarm to O&M in case of malfunction. The LNA consists of two parallel branches. LEDs on the front panel of the MFDUAMCO/FICOM6 show the state of each MHA. and the multicoupler device will be switched into AMCO mode automatically. If an MHA is installed. The TMA connects the antenna directly to the (F)DUAMCO/DIAMCO. Only a POWER ON/RESET or a software reset can terminate the state of "Fail save compensation". If both branches of the TMA fail. In AMCO mode. The MHA connects the antenna directly to the MFDUAMCO/FICOM6. For more information. The red LED in the (F)DUAMCO/DIAMCO of the concerned TMA is switched on. see Antenna combining . The red LED in the MFDUAMCO/FICOM6 of the concerned MHA is switched on. "Fail save compensation" will take effect. both amplifiers become active and the attenuation switches off. the amplifier will be bypassed by the "Fail save switch". The operation continues with minor performance degradation. The operation continues with minor performance degradation. If only one branch has a failure. and the multicoupler device will be switched into AMCO mode automatically. If the MHA fails. Operation continues with performance degradation. receives a message to switch over into AMCO mode. MHA: Fault propagation through dependent modules The MHA is monitored via AISG protocol. The O&M functionality with respect to TMA/MHA is unchanged with previous and current BR SW releases (up to BR10). the amplifier will be bypassed by the "Fail save switch". 38 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . If both branches fail. TMA: Fault propagation through dependent modules The TMA watches its LNA by monitoring the DC current and generates an alarm message towards (F)DUAMCO/DIAMCO. "Fail save compensation" will take effect. The connected carrier units continue their operation with minor performance degradation. receives a message to switch over into AMCO mode. In AMCO mode. If a TMA is installed.

TRXs per cell 1-2 3-4 5-8 9 .9 Filter combiner with six TNFs (FICOM6) g The FICOM6 module is available for a BTS from BR9. Restriction for combiner usage • Synthesizer frequency hopping is not supported. For more information.BS-240XL II product description Module description 4.FICOM6. The RX amplifiers are realized as low noise amplifiers (LNA).a. An extra advantage of the FICOM6 is its high capacity in combination with high TX power. up to 2 FICOM6 modules can be installed. In each base or extension rack.g. This includes e. The FICOM6 provides the same functionality like an MFDUAMCO module but with different TX combining: All TRXs are combined with tunable narrowband filters (TNFs) to a single antenna.3 4.0 onward. see Antenna combining . Full O&M support is available from BR10 onward. this combiner technique provides lower insertion loss than wideband combining (see table below). With a standard double antenna and BR10 up to 12 TRXs are configurable.8 --- preliminary values without guarantee FICOM6 and FDUAMCO: Insertion losses – comparison Table 7 1) Values exemplary for 6 TRXs at 600 kHz within 80% bandwidth.1 4. It is an antenna combiner with integrated RX amplifier and RX multicoupler function. only up to 8 TNFs can be used) Support of 3rd party and low gain TMAs Support of MHAs The FICOM6 is the successor of FICOM (base and expansion) modules.12 *) Typical insertion loss (dB) 1) FICOM6 3 *) 3 *) 3 *) 3 *) FDUAMCO 1.: • • • • Unrestricted. With one FICOM6 module it is possible to combine up to 6 TRXs per antenna.9 1.4. TX power improvement with FICOM6 (dB) -1. independent mapping and coordination by LMT/RC Standard double antenna configuration with up to 12 TRXs connected to 2 FICOM6 modules in one rack (with BR9. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 39 .8 n. The FICOM6 module can be implemented for two different frequency bands: R-GSM 900 and GSM 1800. For high numbers of TRXs per cell.3 7.

signal distribution between AC/DCs and controller board via backplane The AC/DC system has integrated fans to force the cooling airflow through the AC/DC modules.5. market. AC/DC supervision. A frame contains: • • • up to 6 AC/DC modules ("n+1" for optional redundancy) one controller board DCBCTRL for battery supervision. AC/DC modules work in load sharing "n+1". The AC/DC system tasks are in detail: • output supplying all -48 V-consumers within the BTS. supplying external equipment with -48 V charging and supervising of different backup battery types supervising AC/DCs. 40 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . but n AC/DC are able to supply the whole BTS (redundancy concept). DC distribution. The AC/DC module converts the AC mains voltage (nominal AC input voltage: 230 V) into the -48 V DC supply voltage.S.1 Power supply modules AC/DC system An AC/DC system is required if the BTS is supplied by AC mains.5 4. The AC/DC-System has external alarm outputs to be connected via wire to the ACTC.A local AC/DC supervision and management system has been implemented which is accessible via RS232 interface and external PC.Module description BS-240XL II product description 4. input supplying of 230 V AC single-phase or 3-phase-distribution for the world market and 120/208 V AC 3-phase-distribution (208 V phase to phase) for the U. The AC/DC system consists of one frame housed in the service1A rack. batteries and alarm messaging switching off DC outputs (AC/DCs as well as battery) in case of under and over temperature hot plug-in/out of AC/DC modules • • • • • The AC/DC and the backup batteries work as an uninterruptible power supply system (UPS). The tasks of an AC/DC module are the supply of all -48 V consumers within the BTS and the generating of alarms in case of AC mains or module failures. The nominal DC output power of one AC/DC module is 1600 W. alarm interface frame with AC distribution.

Backup batteries are mandatory for AC-supplied systems and must be installed in the service racks. In this mode.g. All TRXs. all modules are switched off. The core modules and optional transmission equipment are supplied with DC voltage until low voltage detection circuit (LVD relay) disconnects the backup battery from system load. for all service2 racks and all LE in the service1A rack. g The ADP-2Vx module needs a special frame F:ACTC-2. To hold the BTS in operation mode for an extended time. The battery backup time depends on the configuration and the battery type. which are not part of the emergency configuration. for the ACTC module. see note below) DC breaker s for base and extension racks.3 AC/DC panel (ADP) An ADP is required for the connection of the BTS to the AC supply line. e. a second timer counts for another user-defined time. The AC/DC power distribution panel is integrated into the service1A rack and consists of the following main components: • • • • • • AC breakers for the AC phases AC service socket 230 V with RCD protection (4A nominal current) or 120 V with RCD protection (15 A) for 120/208 V version ACTC (except with ADP-2Vx. none or only operator defined TRX remain in operation. This means "Zero configuration". The capacity of the backup battery can be increased by additional batteries in separate service2 racks. it is necessary to switch over to "Emergency configuration" after a user-defined time. With its expiration.2 Backup battery (BATTPACK) The backup battery guarantees continuous operation for a certain time in case of main breakdown or AC/DC failure. for other panels Battery breaker High-current clamp terminals for DC supply of other racks and for battery connection The DC lines (-48 V. for fan units. Emergency operation The backup time of each BTS can be increased by using the "Emergency operation" feature. All battery systems connected to one AC/DC system should have the same capacity.BS-240XL II product description Module description 4. except the core modules. 0 V) of the base/extension/service2 rack will be connected to clamp terminals at the front-panel of ADP. for housing the ACTC. to the internal battery (if applied) and to the optional batteries of the service2 rack. 4. One ADP-2 (with F:ACTC-2) or ADPA is required for the service1A rack with a suitable mounting kit for the AC application.5.5. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 41 . are switched off. If enabled. Different battery types for each BTS type are available.

The lightning protection element indicates fault conditions on an alarm output (LPA) which is linked to the ACTC module. the EMI filter. suitable upgrade kits for lightning protection are available.5.5.5. the upgrade cable kit and the LPA connection cable. g A mix of MSU:AC and MSU:DC in one BTS is not permitted.S. 4. it performs the following functions: • • • • • • • • Supply of all -48 V consumers with DC power Load On / Off Battery On / Off Charging of battery backup system Monitoring of battery current Monitoring of load voltage range and battery voltage range Monitoring of rack and battery temperature ranges and switching off the DC power in case of over. In detail. One MSU:DC 50 A. It indicates the status of the power supply system with LEDs. The MSU:DC provides the lightning protection (optional feature). optional with lightning protection) can be installed. version has to be installed in the service1A rack. Also a MSU:BASV4 (120 A-MSU for Basic Set. The lightning protection element indicates fault conditions on an alarm output (LPA) which is linked to the ACTC module. 4. The DCBCTRL modules of the various power supply systems cannot be interchanged vice versa. and the terminal clamps for the external DC cable (-48 V.Module description BS-240XL II product description 4. g Lightning protection is mandatory if DC cables with a length of more than 10m are applied. g A mix of MSU:AC and MSU:DC in one BTS is not permitted. 0 V).5 AC mains supply unit (MSU:AC) The MSU:AC contains the terminal clamps for connecting the external AC supply lines.6 DC and battery controller (DCBCTRL) The DCBCTRL supervises the AC/DC modules and the DC outputs of the AC/DC system.The upgrade kit for lightning protection comprises the OVP element. the EMI filter. One 3-phase MSU:AC (type MSU:AC3PH or MSU:BASV2) or one 2-phase MSU:AC in the U. If lightning protection is required and not included in the MSU module. and – optional – the lighting protection element. In all other racks. 80 A or 100 A has to be installed in each rack (base/extension/ service2).or under-temperature Interface for alarm signals (external/internal) 42 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . the cover part CP:MSU has to be installed.4 DC mains supply unit (MSU:DC) The MSU is located at the EMI panel.

ACTP. The DC panel contains also the ACTC module. the ACTC is directly connected to the COBA. In the base rack. At the front of panel. Additionally to the 6 breakers in the service2 rack. which may be used for connecting of the LE modules. the fans. fan alarms. but no alarm interface The ACTC board also provides connectors (2 pins) for alarm interface to: • Rack door open sensor (RDO) A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 43 . The DC panel is situated in each base and extension rack. lightning protection alarm and rack door open sensor. 4. In all other racks.5. the DCP:LEBREAK (LE breaker panel) is mandatory. These connectors are linked to the COBA module.8 DC link equipment breaker panel (DCP:LEBREAK) In the service2 rack. The ACTC has inputs for 16 discrete alarm lines: rack door alarm. the core modules. Another breaker (10 A) is reserved for the fan units. The ACTC board provides connectors (4 pins) for DC supply (-48 V) and alarm interface to: • Fan units • Location measurement unit (LMU) with -48 V DC supply only. 4. In service1A a DCP:LEBREAK is required only if installation of LE is foreseen. which can be defined by the operator. Single breakers are dedicated to the carrier units. an ACTP module has to be installed. In each extension and service rack. ACTM) The ACTC is installed once in each rack (part of the DC-Panel or AD-Panel or LE-Panel) to collect all internal alarms. 4. 0 V). the high-current clamp terminals are located for connecting the DC supply 10 lines (-48 V. The LE breaker panel provides the distribution of the -48 V supply voltage to the modules within the service racks and integrates the required DC breakers (each 25 A maximum) for the different circuits. and the alarms generated by fan units. the ACTC is connected to the ACTP. the ACTP.9 Alarm collection terminal boards (ACTC.7 DC panel (DCP) The DCP is used for distribution of the -48 V supply voltage to the modules and integrates the DC breakers to protect the DC power lines. In addition. temperature alarms and internal cabinet alarms.BS-240XL II product description Module description A serial data link (RS-232) is provided to download the DCBCTRL set-up data (like temperature thresholds for cold-start and the nominal battery capacity of the connected battery systems).5. two connectors (LMT and ethernet connector) are integrated into the front cover of the DC panel. a breaker (10 A) for the ACTC/ACTP/smoke sensor (for outdoor only) modules is also integrated into the LE breaker panel. the combiners.5. The LE breaker panel provides slots for up to 8 DC breakers in service1A rack and up to 7 DC breakers (with a panel V3) or 6 DC breakers (with a panel V1/V2) in service2 rack. The LE breakers can be plug-in during installation of link equipment at the BTS site. The ACTC module is capable for collecting up to 8 cabinet alarms.

If at least one of the external alarm lines is leaving the building. no additional overvoltage protection is needed. each external alarm line must be protected by its own OPEXAL module. Fault propagation through dependent modules If the ACTC. ACTP or ACTM fails during operation. an ACTM module can be installed in the base rack. On customer request.Module description BS-240XL II product description • Lightning protection alarm (LPA/OVP) For rack alarms. Any signal line connected to the ACTM of a outdoor base version must be protected by its own OPEXAL module. an EAP unit (for all lines) or OPEXAL modules (for up to 10 lines each) are available. 44 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . 24/48 inputs are available with ACTM24Vx/ACTMVx. The need of EAP or OPEXAL depends on the following situations: • • If all signal lines connected to the ACTM are less than 30 meters long and are kept within the building. the EAP unit must be used for all external alarm lines. In addition to the 16 internal rack alarms collected with ACTC. If any signal line connected to the ACTM is more than 30 meters long with all signal lines still kept within the building. • • g The ACTM is mandatory if more than 7 external site alarms are required. which can be freely used for external alarms. a 24-Pin terminal clamp is used. To protect the signal lines of the ACTM against overvoltage. the BTS continues the operation.

The lines are decoupled to prevent distortions. the OVPT provides interfaces to connect PCM tracers without interruption for monitoring the Abis lines and an input interface for external synchronization sources. Network Termination for PCM30 or Microwave equipment) is outside of the building which is housing the BTS. – Up to 8 PCM lines are supported with COBA2P8 plus COSA6P16 installed or COBA4P12 plus COSA4P12.BS-240XL II product description Module description 4. support of 75 Ω coax or 100 Ω /120 Ω balanced lines – Up to 4 PCM lines are supported with COBA4P12 and COREXT module.g. the installation of an OVPT module becomes mandatory if the connection point for the Abis line (e. g – Up to 2 PCM lines are supported with COBA2P8 module. The OVPT is located outside the EMI shield to terminate possible overvoltages before they enter the EMI protected area inside of the rack. But. An ABISCON module can be installed as an alternative. a second OVPT needs to be installed.6 4. If more than 4 PCM lines are required. uplink lines downlink lines terminals for external PCM cables monitoring interfaces ABISCON Figure 11 ABISCON and OVPT (100/120 Ω ) OVPT A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 45 .6.1 Abis interface modules Overvoltage protection and tracer (OVPT) The OVPT is an optional module. The OVPT is responsible for protection of the PCM24/PCM30 ports of the Abis interface and the external synchronization clock input of the BTS against overvoltage. The board performs the following tasks: • • • • lightning protection of PCM lines lightning protection of the external synchronization clock provision to connect external monitoring equipment without interruption. Additionally.

The board performs the following tasks: • • support of 75 Ω coax or 100 Ω /120 Ω balanced lines provision to connect external monitoring equipment without interruption. or 1000Base-SX) Over voltage protection of the external clock synchronization inputs Provision of remote inventory data • • • The ETHCON must be installed in PCM0 slot only (top of base rack. The Abis connection module provides the interface between the rack and the peripheral Abis cables.Module description BS-240XL II product description 4. For more information about CESoPSN functionality. and two 100BaseTX electrical Ethernet trace ports Provision of two SFP slots for support of optical Ethernet ports (100Base-FX. For an appearance of an ABISCON.2 Abis connection (ABISCON) The ABISCON is an optional module. – Up to 4 PCM lines are supported with COBA4P12 and COREXT module. It performs the following tasks: • Provision of two 100Base-TX electrical Ethernet interfaces. If more than 4 PCM lines are required.3).g. The lines are decoupled in order to prevent distortions. An OVPT module is available as an alternative to the ABISCON. g – Up to 2 PCM lines are supported with COBA2P8 module. such as E1/T1 lines over a packed switched network. The mounting kit MK:ETHCONSHV1 is required for installation of ETHCON unit into plinth of BTSplus shelter. The Abis connection module also provides the feature for monitoring the Abis lines and an input interface for external synchronization sources. CESCOBA and ETHCON are available from BR10 onward. 46 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .. The ETHCON replaces the ABISCON or OVPT board (Abis interface 0. or plinth of base shelter). one internal 100Base-Tx interface to the active CESCOBA. e. a second ABISCON needs to be installed. see Figure 11. The module is located outside the EMI shielding. This feature allows carrying TDM traffic over a packet network without external equipment..6.6.3 Ethernet connector module (ETHCON) The ETHCON unit is mandatory in combination with one or two CESCOBA(s). 4. TDM to packet interworking functionality is based on the Pseudo Wire emulation Edge-to-Edge mechanism (PWE3). to BSC or to another BTS. which is necessary for Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched Network (CESoPSN) functionality. see the feature description “FD10560: Internal Ethernet/IP interfaces for BSS”. which allows the transport of all relevant parts of a service. 1000Base-LX. – Up to 8 PCM lines are supported with COBA2P8 plus COSA6P16 installed or COBA4P12 plus COSA4P12. the MK: EAPB-BOXRV1 is required for installation of ETHCON unit together with HPDU unit on top of BS-240 II base rack or BS-240XL II base rack (relevant for XL rack variant with MUCO slots only).

E X T E N S IO N R A C K X L AN T EN N A C OM B . the OPEXAL10 is installed within the plinth of the rack.7 Overvoltage protection of external alarms (OPEXAL) OPEXAL is an optional overvoltage protection module for the ACTM alarm input lines. Concerning outdoor applications. fixed to a wall. Therefore. 4. Power consumption The ETHCON unit has a maximal DC power consumption of about 8 W with two SFP modules and about 1 W with one SFP module installed. all BTS connected to the ETHCON will lose their connection to the BSC if the ETHCON unit is defective. despite of possible core redundancy. Concerning indoor applications. or unbalanced signal () – monitor output for external clock Figure 12 shows an example of a configuration of a CESCOBA with ETHCON and COSA4P12. – 100 Mbit/s or 1Gbit/s on SFP Port 2 and Port 3 – Interface for synchronization with an external clock (connector block 1 to 6) – input of balanced signal.BS-240XL II product description Module description ETHCON provides the following interfaces: – Fast Ethernet interfaces on Port 0 and Port 1 The interfaces are specified for indoor use and contain over voltage protection. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580524899 47 . cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu AC T C O S A4P12 C ES C O B A AC T E TH C O N 4 xAb is ET H LM T/ C AN T PC Figure 12 Example of a configuration of a CESCOBA with ETHCON and COSA4P12 Redundancy aspects Only one ETHCON unit can be installed into a base cabinet. cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu cu BA S E RAC K X L AN T EN N A C OM B . The power supply for ETHCON is redundant in case of redundant CESCOBA units. One module OPEXAL10 is able to protect 10 alarm input lines. the OPEXAL10 is located outside the rack.

Module description BS-240XL II product description 4. 4. 4 fan units shall be installed into the BS-240XL II service2 rack if more than 12 HUs for LE (> 1 kW) are provided. If radio transmission is required. It can be provided as an optional module or by the customer.8 Abis link equipment (LE) The LE is an optional module and provides physical terminations for the Abis interface. radio. If the BTS is installed away from a telecommunication site. each fan delivers a "Fan failure" signal which is collected by the ACTC. fan units FANV6 or FAN-NIVx must be used in all CU sub-frames. or optical transmission depending on customer requirements. 4. the acoustic noise and the power consumption of all fans at the lowest level possible. A mixed configuration of fan types is permitted. In the base rack the signal is processed by the COBA. 48 Id:0900d80580524899 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . cable entries are available. no additional link equipment is necessary. Mandatory fan units 8 fan units must be installed into each: • BS-240XL II base rack • BS-240XL II extension rack 2 fan units must be installed into each: • BS-240XL II service1A rack • BS-240XL II service2 rack Optional fan units 2 additional fan units shall be installed into the BS-240XL II service1A rack if more than 6 HU for LE (> 600W) are provided. In order to keep both. For connection of LE to external interfaces (Abis links).9 Dust filter (DUSTFILM) A dust filter is installed in the indoor variant of the BTS. the link equipment can be installed inside the BTS. in extension and service racks by the ACTP. g If at least one FlexCU is installed. Different equipment can be used for wire. microwave equipment can be used.10 Fan unit The fan unit produces a sufficient airflow to cool the installed modules. the fan speed is temperature controlled via an integrated (internal) sensor. The number of LE that can be installed depends on the height of each LE. Furthermore. If a link equipment is available at the telecommunication site. The dust filter is an air filter and protects the BTS against dust particles. Direct connections of the PMC30/24 links are also possible.

• • • • DUAMCO 2:2 : Two basic combining modules. These configurations provide the necessary performance in an effective way. no receiver path integrated. g The term "(MF/F)DUAMCO" means the modules DUAMCO. MFDUAMCO: Two basic combining modules. FDUAMCO and MFDUAMCO modules contain two independent sections with equal functionality. Two types of transmitter combining are available: Hybrid combining (wideband) and filter combining (narrow band). that is two separate antennas are handled by those combiner devices. a complete receiver path for diversity reception is integrated. Duplex combining connects the receiver (RX) and the transmitter (TX) of a carrier unit to a common antenna. • A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 49 . which further on serves several analogous outputs. Additionally this filter provides the selectivity to fulfill the requirements according to the requests of the GSM standard. If several transmitters should use the same antenna. each with switchable hybrid combining for up to 2 TX. no hybrid TX combining DUAMCO 4:2 : Two basic combining modules. An expansion to 4 TX for each module may be done by the COAMCO module. Additionally. This is done by a duplex filter and serves as the basic function of a combining unit. • • FICOM: Only TX combining. TX filter combining is good for up to 8 carriers with the full extended FICOM and up to 6 carriers with the new FICOM6. TX hybrid combining is available for 2 or 4 carriers. each with hybrid combining for 2 TX DUAMCO 8:2: Two basic combining modules. they have to be combined before feeding them to the TX section of the duplex filter. FICOM6: One basic combining module with filter combining for up to 6 TX.BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining 5 Antenna combining In order to serve cells with different carrier numbers and antenna configurations. each with hybrid combining for 4 TX FDUAMCO: Two basic combining modules. All DUAMCO. For hybrid TX combining the add-on module HYBRID4 is requested. certain combinations of combining modules are required. The receiver part of the duplex filter is terminated by a low noise amplifier. Antenna combining is used to connect the carrier units (CU) to the antenna system. An additional DIAMCO module and also HPDU might be needed. FDUAMCO and MFDUAMCO.

two branches • an attenuator (MUCO mode only) • four equivalent outputs • a cascade output The LNA ensures a low system noise figure and consists of two branches. In case of malfunction in one of the amplifiers. These output ports are connected to the corresponding carrier units by jumper cables. hardware prepared) and a common part. This information is subdivided in several levels with the following characteristics: no alarm or warning – VSWR < 2 – 2 ≤ VSWR ≤ 3 generation of warning "Minor VSWR fault" generation of VSWR alarm "Major VSWR fault" – VSWR > 3 Module 0 of MFDUAMCO is prepared for a RET interface (to be provided via triplexer at antenna output ANT0). The gain of the receive path is switchable to an amplifier multicoupler (AMCO) or a multicoupler (MUCO) configuration (see below Operating modes for MFDUAMCO). Maximum number of TRXs to be connected: • • • 2 TRXs with MFDUAMCO 4 TRXs with MFDUAMCO in combination with a HYBRID4 8 TRXs with MFDUAMCO in combination with a HYBRID4 and a COAMCO8 the concerning cell to be served. Each module contains a duplex filter to be fed to a common antenna. The LNA provides 4 outputs of the amplified received signal. The MFDUAMCO detects a VSWR alarm and generates a failure information towards the O&M (CAN bus interface). Module 0 supports single feeder configuration (SFC) where the power supply and the signaling for the single feeder DTMA (SDTMA) are provided also via triplexer at antenna output ANT0. The duplex filter combines the RX and the TX paths together. Each TX path consists of: • an isolator for the TX input • an antenna supervision unit (ASU) • jumpers for combining mode setting The isolator for the TX input protects the power amplifiers (PAs) inside the carrier units from each other in order to assure the required inter-modulation suppression.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description 5. Each RX path consists of: • the low noise amplifier (LNA). g The frequency band of the MFDUAMCO must correspond to the frequency band of 50 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . Design and function The MFDUAMCO consists of two (identical) modules. the RX gain of the MFDUAMCO decreases by about 6 dB.1 MFDUAMCO The MFDUAMCO (multi-standard FDUAMCO) is the successor of DUAMCO and FDUAMCO and offers a flexible way to combine by using the additional HYBRID4 and COAMCO8 modules. a remote electrical tilt (RET.

In this case. by using the appropriate configuration command in the O&M system. independent of the cable loss. The low amplifying MUCO mode is used in case of cascading the MFDUAMCO with a preamplifier MHA or TMA. no fault signaling) are better supported by O&M software. or – from BR10 onward – via LMT or RC. from BR10 onward. The power distribution unit provides the DC power supply of the MHAs/TMAs. • • • A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 51 . Outages of TMAs without fault signaling are detected and alarmed by using the DC monitoring feature of the MFDUAMCO. The selected mode can be read by O&M software via CAN bus interface. The VSWR thresholds for warning and alarming is configurable via O&M command. the LED (TMA) is permanently green flashing. This adjustment is done only once during the installation of the BTS by the service personnel. The power supply and the signaling of the MHA/TMA are provided by the MFDUAMCO via triplexer at the antenna outputs.BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining The common part consists of: • a DC/DC converter plus a power distribution unit • an O&M unit The DC/DC converter supplies the MFDUAMCO. Operating modes for MFDUAMCO The MFDUAMCO has 2 operating modes: • AMCO mode • MUCO mode During the BTS commissioning. or.The gain is reduced to about 2 dB (see Table 9. Alarm monitoring is done with a signaling unit between MFDUAMCO and MHA/TMA. allowing AMCO mode and TMA power supply in parallel. also for RXCA gain). The RX amplifier mode and the TMA power supply can be enabled/disabled independently. The MFDUAMCO gain is around 20/22 dB (see Table 9. The high amplifying AMCO mode is used if the antenna is directly connected to the MFDUAMCO (without a preamplifier MHA or TMA). This is not possible with other combiners because the TMA power supply can be only implicitly enabled in parallel with the MUCO mode. see below). The gain adjustment is performed at commissioning by setting the attenuator in MFDUAMCO/FICOM6 by dip switches. See the Commissioning manuals for details. A built-in attenuator provides a constant gain between MHA/TMA and MFDUAMCO. The gain of the MFDUAMCO can be matched to the cable loss and the MHA/TMA gain by DIP switches. the O&M support of the MFDUAMCO is extended: • RX gain adjustment is configurable via LMT and remote via RC. 3rd party TMAs (low gain. also for RXCA gain). Increasing the threshold value may be useful in order to inhibit sporadic VSWR alarms. From BR10 onward. Product and device specific TMA information can be retrieved in case of TMA signaling via HDLC protocol. The O&M unit transmits error messages to the COBA via a O&M bus (CAN bus). Even missing or wrong DIP switch settings can be corrected from remote. the RX path must be switched into one of these modes (by DIP switches.

LNA LNA LNA PID CAN Control. LNA DC/DC Convert.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description The following figure shows the block diagram of a MFDUAMCO: MFDUAMCO ANT0 Testout 0 ANT0 1 ACOM Slot Module0 Module1 VSWR PROC Testout 1 VSWR PROC Triplexer TMA Signall. Triplexer RXout 0 RX Filter TX Filter TMA DC/DC Convert. TX Filter RX Filter RXout 1 RXin 0 MHA Signall. RXin 1 MHA DC/DC Convert. RXCA0 RX1 RX3 RX0 RX2 TXin0 (=3) TXin1 (=3) RX0 RX2 RXCA1 RX1 RX3 CAN Bus Figure 13 MFDUAMCO block diagram 52 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .

A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 53 . For an 8:2 configuration. eight TRXs can be connected (see COAMCO8). the MFDUAMCO can be used in a: • 2:2 configuration for combining up to 4 RX and 1 TX paths to each of the 2 antenna connectors. feeds the four carriers back to the input TXin(3) of the MFDUAMCO and provides four additional RX outputs per module from the cascading output of the MFDUAMCO. MFDUAMCO-HYBRID4 configuration The combination of MDFUMACO and HYBRID4 provides a 4:2 configuration which is used for combining 4 RX and 2 TX paths to each of the 2 antenna connectors. 3 dB Hybrid 3 dB Hybrid TX0 TX1 TXOUT0 TX2 TX3 TXOUT1 Figure 14 HYBRID4 block diagram MFDUAMCO-HYBRID4-COAMCO8 configuration In combination with a COAMCO8.BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining Configurations Depending on the use of additional hardware. Each of the two modules of a HYBRID4 provides two RF input ports and one RF output port to combine the TX paths from several carrier units to one connector. The COAMCO8 combines two additional carriers per module with the two carriers from the output TXout(4) of the HYBRID4. • 4:2 configuration in combination with a HYBRID4 module • 8:2 configuration in combination with a HYBRID4 and a COAMCO8 module These configurations differ in the number of carriers to be combined to two antennas. a COAMCO8 unit is used in conjunction with MFDUAMCO/HYBRID4 in 4:2 configuration. The modules provide two antenna ports and eight TX inputs.

7 dB t.b.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description MFDUAMCO losses (TX path) and gains (RX path) The typical combiner TX attenuation was measured for mid band at room temperature.b. Guar.d.2 dB t.d. Guar.4 dB MFDUAMCO: Insertion loss to be done in one of the next issues of this document 4:2 mode is constructed with MFDUAMCO + HYBRID4 8:2 mode is constructed with MFDUAMCO + HYBRID4 + COAMCO8 GSM 850.d. taking into account the full temperature range.d.3 dB 9. Typic.1) 1.2 dB 5.d. MFDUAMCO type 2:2 configuration 4:2 configuration2) 8:2 configuration3) Table 8 1) 2) 3) GSM 850 GSM 900 GSM 1800 GSM 1800 t.7 dB with 100% BW ± 1. 5.b. Guar.3/-1.2 dB 5.8 dB with 80% BW Attenuator range Attenuator step size Table 9 MFDUAMCO: Gain (guaranteed) 0-12 dB 1 dB 54 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .b.5 dB +0.9 dB 0.b.d.3 dB 4.d. Typic. 900 RX Gain AMCO 20 dB RXCA 18.5 dB +1. 1.7 dB 0.d.b.2 dB with 100% BW ± 0.7 dB 5.5 dB 4.6 dB 1. t. t.8/-1. 1900 RX 22 dB RXCA 19. Guar. t.3 dB 9. The guaranteed combiner TX attenuation was measured for the full frequency range. 9.4 dB t.b.5 dB GSM 1800. Typic.7 dB 1.4 dB Typic.5 dB 3 dB 0. 9. t.b.3 dB with 80% BW Gain MUCO 2 dB 0.

Each TX path consists of: • an isolator for the TX input • an antenna supervision unit (ASU) • for DUAMCO 4:2 and DUAMCO 8:2: hybrid coupler • for FDUAMCOs: jumpers for combining mode setting The isolator for the TX input protects the power amplifiers (PAs) inside the carrier units from each other in order to assure the required inter-modulation suppression. the RX gain of the (F)DUAMCO decreases by about 6 dB. These output ports are connected to the corresponding carrier units by jumper cables.2 FDUAMCO / DUAMCO The (F)DUAMCO (flexible duplexer amplifier multicoupler) modules contain duplex filters in order to combine the transmit and receive paths to one antenna connector. Alarm monitoring is done with a signaling interface between (F)DUAMCO and TMA. respectively. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 55 . to be fed to a common antenna. Each module contains a duplex filter which combines the RX and the TX path together. g The frequency band of the (F)DUAMCO must correspond to the frequency band of the concerning cell to be served. Its modules can be assigned to the same cell or to different cells. The PDU provides the DC power supply and the alarm monitoring of the TMAs. provide the substantial part of the receive and transmit band filtering required by GSM 05.BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining 5. In case of malfunction in one of the amplifiers. a hybrid coupler feeds two TX inputs together to the TX path. The (F)DUAMCO detects a VSWR alarm and generates a failure information towards the O&M (CAN bus interface). The common part consists of: • a DC/DC converter plus a power distribution unit (PDU) • an O&M unit The DC/DC converter supplies the (F)DUAMCO itself. The type of (F)DUAMCO required depends on the carriers to be combined to the antenna system. The receive and transmit part of the duplex filter.21 and JTC J-STD-007.05. This information is subdivided in several levels with the following characteristics: no alarm or warning – VSWR < 2 – 2 ≤ VSWR ≤ 3 generation of warning "Minor VSWR fault" generation of VSWR alarm "Major VSWR fault" – VSWR > 3 Except in 2:2 mode. 11. Each RX path consists of: • the low noise amplifier (LNA). The LNA provides 4/8 outputs of the amplified received signal. 2 branches • an attenuator (MUCO mode only) • multiple (4/8) equivalent outputs • a cascade output The LNA ensures a low system noise figure and consists of two branches. Design and function The (F)DUAMCO consists of two (identical) modules and a common part.

6 dB 9.2 dB 5.1 dB 4. GSM 1900 Typical 1.8 dB Guar. A DUAMCO 2:2 or 4:2 or FDUAMCO in 2:2 or 4:2 mode has 4 RX outputs per antenna.2 dB 7.4 dB 8.4 dB 9.3 dB 7.2 dB 5.2 dB 4.5 dB 5.4 dB 5. 2. The selected mode can be read by O&M software via CAN bus interface.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description The O&M unit transmits error messages to the COBA via a O&M bus (CAN bus). 2. The (F)DUAMCO gain is around 20/22 dB (see Table 12 and Table 13.2 dB 4. the RX path must be switched into one of these modes (by DIP switches): • AMCO mode • MUCO mode The high amplifying AMCO mode is used if the antenna is directly connected to the (F)DUAMCO (without a preamplifier TMA). taking into account the full temperature range.4 dB GSM 900 Typical 1. During the BTS commissioning.4 dB Guaranteed 2.4 dB 9.0 dB Guar. The guaranteed combiner TX attenuation was measured for the full frequency range. Operating modes for (F)DUAMCO The (F)DUAMCO has two operating modes.2 dB GSM 1800.9 dB DUAMCO: Insertion loss GSM 850 FDUAMCO type in 2:2 mode in 4:2 mode in 8:2 mode Typical 1.7 dB 8. This adjustment is only done once during the installation of the BTS by the service personnel. also for RXCA gain). The low amplifying MUCO mode is used in conjunction with a preamplifier (TMA). 2. GSM 1900 DUAMCO type DUAMCO 2:2 DUAMCO 4:2 DUAMCO 8:2 Table 10 Typical 1. GSM 1800. the gain is reduced to about 2 dB.8 dB Guar.1 dB 4. In the MUCO mode. The gain of the (F)DUAMCO can be matched to the cable loss and the TMA gain with the DIP switch. GSM 900. A DUAMCO 8:2 or FDUAMCO in 4:2 mode in combination with a COAMCO8 has 8 RX outputs per antenna.4 dB (8:2 mode is constructed with FDUAMCO in 4:2 mode +COAMCO8) Table 11 FDUAMCO: Insertion loss (F)DUAMCO gains (RX path) 56 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . (F)DUAMCO losses (TX path) The typical combiner TX attenuation was measured for mid band at room temperature.3 dB 7.

3 dB A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 57 .5 dB 1 dB ± 0.3 dB with 80% BW Gain MUCO 2 dB 0.5 dB ± 1.5 dB GSM 1800. 900 RX Gain AMCO 20 dB RXCA 18.5 dB ± 1.0 dB GSM 1800.5 dB with 100% BW ± 1.5 dB 0.0 dB with 100% BW ± 0.3 dB GSM 850. 1900 RX 22 dB RXCA 19.5 dB 3 dB 0.5 dB ± 1.5 dB 0+6 dB ± 0.8 dB with 80% BW Attenuator range Attenuator step size Table 13 FDUAMCO: Gain (guaranteed) 0+6 dB ± 0.5 dB ± 1. 900 RX Gain AMCO Gain MUCO Attenuator range Attenuator step size Table 12 DUAMCO: Gain (guaranteed) 20 dB 2 dB RXCA 18.5 dB 0.BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining GSM 850.5 dB 1 dB ± 0. 1900 RX 22 dB 3 dB RXCA 19.

1 DUAMCO specials g The DUAMCO x:y are named depending on the number "x" of transmit connectors fed by the carrier units and the number "y" of antenna connectors.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description 5.2. If more than two carriers shall be combined to the antenna system. Different versions of DUAMCO are available: • DUAMCO 2:2 to combine up to 2 carriers (DUAMCO2xxx types) • DUAMCO 4:2 to combine up to 4 carriers (DUAMCO4xxx types) • DUAMCO 8:2 to combine up to 8 carriers (DUAMCO8xxx types) g DUAMCOs of different versions have a different TX attenuation. CTRL DC O&M LNA RXCA RX RX RX RX 0 1 2 3 0 TX 0 RXCA RX RX RX RX 1 0 1 2 3 TX 1 -48 V CAN Bu s Figure 15 DUAMCO 2:2 block diagram 58 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . Combining of the two carriers takes place on air. The following figures show the block diagrams of the different types of DUAMCO: ANT0 Bias TEE ASU RX TX ASU RX TX 1 ACOM Slot Module 0 Module1 Bias TEE ANT1 MUCO Mode AMCO Mode LNA MUCO Mode AMCO Mode LNA LNA TMA DC + Signall. the TX output of each carrier unit has to be fed to a TX input of a DUAMCO 2:2. a DUAMCO 4:2 or DUAMCO 8:2 is necessary. If two carriers shall be combined to the antenna system.

CTRL DC O&M LNA RXCA 0 RX RX RX RX 0 1 2 3 TX 0 TX 1 -48 V CAN Bu s RXCA 1 RX RX RX RX 0 1 2 3 TX 0 TX 1 Figure 16 ANT0 Bias TEE ASU RX MUCO Mode AMCO Mode DUAMCO 4:2 block diagram 2 ACOM Slots Module 0 Module 1 Bias TEE ASU TX MUCO Mode Coupler AMCO Mode RX TX ANT1 LNA LNA Coupler LNA TMA DC + Signall. CTRL DC O&M LNA RXCA 0 RX 0 RX 7 TX TX TX TX 0 1 2 3 RXCA 1 -48 V CAN Bu s RX 0 RX TX TX TX TX 0 1 2 3 Figure 17 DUAMCO 8:2 block diagram A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 59 .BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining ANT0 Bias TEE ASU 1 ACOM Slot Module 0M odule1 ANT1 Bias TEE ASU RX TX RX TX MUCO Mode AMCO Mode LNA Coupler MUCO Mode AMCO Mode LNA Coupler LNA TMA DC + Signall.

2 FDUAMCO specials The FDUAMCO is the successor of the DUAMCO. 60 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .2. "Two-ToOne" means that the hybrid is used. which insert the 3 dB hybrid or not.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description 5. A maximum of four TRXs can be connected to one FDUAMCO. "One-To-One" means that the hybrid is not used. Each half of the FDUAMCO can be configured in "One-To-One" mode (like DUAMCO 2:2) and "Two-To-One" mode (like DUAMCO 4:2) by means of jumper cables. eight TRXs can be connected (see COAMCO8). In combination with a COAMCO8.

TX Filter RX Filter RXout1 RXin0 RXin1 LNA DC/DC Convert. RXCA0 RX1 RX3 RX0 RX2 TX1 T X0 2 1 4 3 TX1 T X0 2 1 4 3 RX0 RX2 RXCA1 RX1 RX3 CAN Bu s Figure 18 FDUAMCO block diagram A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 61 . Triplexer RXout0 RX Filter TX Filter TMA DC/DC Convert. LNA LNA 3 dB Hybrid 3 dB Hybrid LNA PID CAN Control.BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining The following figure shows the block diagram of a FDUAMCO: ANT0 Testout 0 ANT1 1 ACOM Slot Module0 Module1 VSWR PROC Testout 1 VSWR PROC Triplexer TMA Signall.

the MDUX is used for 6 antennas with 1 or 2 carriers each. to be fed to a common antenna. The MDUX consists of 6 (identical) RF parts and a common part. The MDUX (multiple duplexer) offers features like individually configurable antenna paths while retaining full backwards compatibility. (F)DUAMCO.0 onward. mixed 2:2 and 4:2 configurations can be configured within the BTS. i. The TX output of carrier unit is connected directly to the TXin connector.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description 5. MDUX/HYBRID6 units can be configured together with other combiners in the same base/extension rack (e. In each base/extension1 rack up to 2 MDUX modules and up to 4 HYBRID6 modules can be installed. EachRF part contains a duplex filter which combines the RX and the TX path together. an MDUX unit can support e. RX diversity for 2 TX signals per antenna port. With 4 RX outputs per module. DIAMCO). Two MDUX modules of different frequency bands can be installed into same base or extension rack for dual-band applications.e. The MDUX supports one frequency band. i. Up to 4 RX and 2 TX paths were combined to 1 antenna connector. for 6 or 12 carriers in total (see section MDUX-HYBRID6 configurations). The maximum configuration for an MDUX is a 6:6 configuration.g. An MDUX unit provides 6 antenna ports and can support up to 6 cells with combining on air. • a transmit path with 1 TX input • a receive path with 4 RX outputs • a cascade RX output • a low noise amplifier (LNA) for the receive signal • an antenna port (TX/RX) Each antenna port can be configured individually to different cells. For each MDUX up to 2 HYBRID6 modules (see section HYBRID6) are available to change the standard 6:6 configuration to a 12:6 configuration.g. With MDUX. g The frequency band of the combiner must correspond to the frequency band of the installed carrier units. Dependent on the usage of HYBRID6 modules.e. 6 antennas with 1 carrier each (6 carriers in total).3 MDUX g MDUX and HYBRID6 modules are available for BTSs from BR9. The common part consists of: • a DC/DC converter plus a power distribution unit (PDU) • an O&M unit 62 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .

... This means that a cell is built using at least one duplexer in case diversity is not required or at least 2 duplexers in case diversity is required. The alarm line is connected to the ACTC module...RX3 TX2 RXCA RXCA RXCA RX0. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 63 .. The number of duplexers used per cell depends on: • Diversity required or not • Number of TRXs in the cell • Usage of hybrid modules If a TMA is needed. The MDUX does not provide VSWR supervision and LNA alarms.RX3 TX1 RX0.. a low-gain TMA with external BIAS-T and power supply must be used.. RXCA RXCA RXCA RX0.RX3 TX4 RX0. see below).RX3 TX5 Figure 19 MDUX block diagram The installation of an MDUX needs two horizontal adjacent ACOM slots.. So the MDUX on the receive side is ready for doing a 1:1 or 2:1 combining per duplexer – the duplexers are prepared to implement RX diversity together with a second duplexer... The 6 duplexers can be freely assigned to different cells as required at the particular BTS site. The TX input port can either be used to connect one TRX directly or alternatively to receive the signal from a 3dB hybrid (using one out of six 3dB hybrids of the module HYBRID6. The 4 RX ports can be used to connect the RX paths of 2 TRXs and the RX-diversity paths of 2 other TRXs to one duplexer. A discrete alarm line instead of the CAN-bus is used to indicate a failure of the MDUXinternal DC/DC converter.RX3 TX0 RX0.BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining Module 0 ANT0 Module 1 ANT1 Module 2 ANT2 Module 3 ANT3 Module 4 ANT4 Module 5 ANT5 RX Filter TX Filter RX Filter TX Filter RX Filter TX Filter RX Filter TX Filter RX Filter TX Filter RX Filter TX Filter LNA LNA LNA LNA LNA LNA DC/DC Convert.RX3 TX3 RX0.. The 3dB hybrid itself combines the TX signals of 2 TRXs operating in the same frequency band.

The HYBRID6 module consists of 3 identical 3dB hybrid units for combining of 2 TX signals each. Up to 4 RX and 2 TX paths were combined to 1 antenna connector. it does not require DC power supply and does not require supervision and alarming. 3 dB Hybrid 3 dB Hybrid 3 dB Hybrid TX0 TX1 TXOUT0 TX2 TX3 TXOUT1 TX4 TX5 TXOUT2 Figure 20 HYBRID6 block diagram The HYBRID6 module can be inserted either into one ACOM slot or into two MUCO slots.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description HYBRID6 Up to two HYBRID6 modules (hybrid extension module for MDUX) can be installed in combination with each MDUX used to change the standard 6:6 configuration to a 12:6 configuration. The TX output of carrier unit is connected directly to the TXin connector. As the module is purely passive. MDUX-HYBRID6 configurations The maximum configuration for a single MDUX is a 6:6 configuration. For this configuration the TX inputs are TX0 and TX1 connectors at the HYBRID6 units and the TXout connectors of the HYBRID6 units are jumpered with TXin at MDUX. two TRXs onto one antenna can be combined. In combination with a MDUX. Up to 4 RX and 2 TX paths were combined to 1 antenna connector.e. i. 64 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .e. 6 antennas with two carriers each (12 carriers with 6 FlexCUs). The maximum configuration for an MDUX with 2 HYBRID6 modules is a 12:6 configuration. 6 antennas with 1 carrier each (6 carriers in total). i.

A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 65 . 3dB hybrids are needed 6 cells without diversity. RX3 RXCA TXin RX0 .. The maximum cell configuration is 4 carriers to 1 antenna port... RX3 RXCA TXin RX0 . One MDUX module can be configured with up to 3 COAMCO modules. a 3dB hybrid is needed Any mixture of the first two scenarios that does not require more than 6 duplexers or 3dB hybrids.. MDUX-HYBRID6 configurations with COAMCO Each MDUX module provides an RX cascading output to support configurations with COAMCO modules.. RX3 RXCA TXin RX0 .. • • The cabling between the MDUX and the HYBRID6 consists of standard RF cables also being used for the TX cabling between CUs and combiners.. each cell can have between 1 and 4 TRXs In case of 1 or 2 TRXs.. each cell can have 1 or 2 TRXs In case of 2 TRXs..BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining ANT0 MDUX Module 0 Module 1 ANT1 ANT2 ANT3 ANT4 ANT5 Module 2 Module 3 Module 4 Module 5 RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX0 . RX3 RXCA TXin RX0 ... Within BS-240XL II base/extension racks. RX3 RXCA TXin RX0 . a cell configuration 8 / 8 / 8 can be achieved with one MDUX. no 3dB hybrid is needed In case of 3 or 4 TRXs. 3 COAMCO and 2 HYBRID6 modules (24 TRXs with 12 FlexCUs).. RX3 RXCA TXin HYBRID6 TXout TXout TXout HYBRID6 TXout TXout TXout TX0 TX1 TX0 TX1 TX0 TX1 TX0 TX1 TX0 TX1 TX0 TX1 Figure 21 MDUX-HYBRID6 configuration The MDUX in combination with HYBRID6 can be used for the following cell configurations: • 3 cells with diversity.

Typic. t.b.b.5 dB MDUX: Insertion loss to be done in one of the next issues of this document 4:2 mode is constructed with MDUX + HYBRID6 8:2 mode is constructed with MDUX + HYBRID6 + COAMCO8 MDUX gain (RX path) The combiner RX gain is frequency band-dependent.7 dB Typic. Guar. Typic. t.9 dB t.d. t. t. GSM 900 RX MDUX 20 dB RXCA 18.d.d. t.b.b.d.b.7 dB 5. GSM 850 MDUX type 2:2 configuration 4:2 configuration2) 8:2 configuration3) Table 14 1) 2) 3) GSM 900 t.7 dB 9.d.6 dB GSM 1900 t. The guaranteed combiner TX loss is defined for the full frequency range.8 dB 9.7 dB 9. Guar.d.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description MDUX loss (TX path) The typical combiner TX loss (TX attenuation) is defined for mid band at room temperature. t.b.b.d.d.b. Typic. 1900 RX 22 dB RXCA 19. t.7 dB 5. 5.7 dB 5. 1.1) 1. 1.d.3 dB GSM 1800 t.b.d.d. taking into account the full temperature range.b.6 dB 9. 1.5 dB +1. Guar. Guar.5 dB 66 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .b.d.7 Table 15 MDUX: Gain GSM 1800.3/-1.b. t.

4 COAMCO8 The COAMCO8 (co-amplifier multicoupler) can be used in combination with an FDUAMCO or an MFDUAMCO or an MDUX. The combinations with COAMCO8 provide an 8:2 configuration by including 4 additional carriers (TRXs): • • • with FDUAMCO in 4:2 mode (see Figure 23) with MFDUAMCO and HYBRID4 (see Figure 24) with MDUX and HYBRID6 A COAMCO8 unit consists of two identical modules. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 67 . RXCA0 RX1 RX3 RX0 RX2 TX0 TX1 4 3 TX2 TX3 4 3 RX0 RX2 RXCA1 RX1 RX3 Figure 22 COAMCO8 block diagram The RX cascading outputs of the MFDUAMCO/FDUAMCO provide the RX input signals for the additional 4 RX outputs of the COAMCO8.BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining 5. the COAMCO8 combines eight carrier units: either in combination with FDUAMCO (jumpered in 4:2 mode) or in combination with MFDUAMCO/HYBRID4. In sum. containing a transmit and a receive path each. Each module of the COAMCO8 combines two additional carriers with the two TX inputs of the MFDUAMCO or FDUAMCO. RXCA0 in RXCA1 in AMP Module0 3 dB Hybrids Module1 3 dB Hybrids AMP DC/DC Convert.

..Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description Combination with FDUAMCO X FDUAMCO in 4:2 mode X + COAMCO8 RX TX RX TX RX0 . . . RX7 TX0 TX1 TX2 TX3 TX4 TX5 TX6 TX7 RX cascading output TX cascading output TX input FDUAMCO = TX output COAMCO8 Figure 23 FDUAMCO in 4:2 mode with COAMCO8 (= 8:2 mode) 68 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 ... RX3 RX4 .. RX7 RX4 . RX3 RX0 ..

.. RX7 RX4 . .. RX7 TX4 TX5 TX6 TX7 TXou t TXout HYBRID4 MFDUAMCO + COAMCO8 + HYBRID4 RX cascading output TX cascading output from HYBRID4 TX input MFDUAMCO = TX output COAMCO8 TX0 TX1 TX2 TX3 Figure 24 COAMCO8 with MFDUAMCO and HYBRID4 (8/0/0) A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 69 ....BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining Combination with MFDUAMCO and HYBRID4 ANT0 X main MFDUAMCO ANT1 X div COAMCO8 RX TX RX TX RX0 .. RX3 RX4 . RX3 RX0 .

The encoder/decoder of the MHA/TMA signaling unit generates a separate alarm for each MH/A/TMA by monitoring the DC current consumption of each unit. One MHA is needed for two RX paths of MFDUAMCO/FICOM6. The DC power for the MHA/TMA is supplied by the MHA/TMA DC power supply within the (M)(F)DUAMCO. works in the MUCO (multicoupler) mode. The single TMA (types TMA and STMA) consists of: • 2 duplex filters to split RX and TX paths • the low noise amplifier (LNA) to amplify RX signals • "Fail Safe Functionality" to ensure operation in case of faulty LNA A dual TMA (type DTMA) consists of two identical.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description 5. the MFDUAMCO/FICOM6 or (F)DUAMCO. independent of the antenna feeder cable attenuation. Different types of MHA for different frequency bands exist: • MDTA (850 MHz) • MDGA (E-GSM. 900 MHz) • MDDA (1800 MHz) • MDPA (1900 MHz) Two kinds of TMA exist: the "single TMA" and the "dual TMA". the true system RX sensitivity is guaranteed at the antenna. Operating modes for MFDUAMCO or Operating modes for (F)DUAMCO. One dual TMA (DTMA) is needed for two RX paths of (F)DUAMCO. see Operating modes for FICOM6.5 Antenna line equipment MHA/TMA The MHA (mast head amplifier) and TMA (tower mounted amplifier) are optional modules that connect the antenna with the BTS in order to amplify the receive signal and pass through the transmit signal. each on one RF connector. to separate and combine the receive and transmit path inside the TMA. One single TMA (STMA) is needed for each RX path of (F)DUAMCO. Two (S)TMAs may be replaced by one DTMA unit of the same frequency band. independent single TMA modules. The TMA contains two duplex filters. respecitvely. The following figures show the block diagrams of the TMA single and dual and MHA: 70 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . When MHA/TMA is used. In cell configuration with an MHA or TMA. The configuration with MHA or TMA is advantageous because of the compensation of the antenna feeder cable losses.

BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining ANT RX TX RX Filter 1 Filter Filter 2 IN Fail Safe Switch Triplexer OUT COM Figure 25 TMA (single) block diagram ANT RX TX RX Filter 1 Filter Filter 2 IN ANT RX TX RX Filter 1 Filter Filter 2 IN Triplexer OUT Triplexer TMA COM RET OUT TMA COM Figure 26 MHA / TMA (dual) block diagram (RET only at MHA) A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 71 .

0 dB min 18.190 mA (low gain) 10 .7 dBm min 32 + 5.30 V 17 W max 10 W max -116 dB (Rx band 3rd order.0 dB min 0.0 dB MHA: electrical parameters Parameter MDTA (850 MHz) MDGA (900 MHz) MDDA (1800 MHz) MDPA (1900 MHz) -40°C .0 dB 2.2 dBm 300 . 5 kg 72 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .+55°C (-40°F . 2 x Tx carrier at 43 dBm) 16.30 V 15 W max 10 W max (high gain) 4 W max (low gain) -115 dB (Rx band 3rd order.750 mA 10 . 2 x Tx carrier at 43 dBm) 0.0 dB min ≥ 32 .2 dB max ≤ 4.10 dBm min ≥ 32 + 3 dBm min 300 .+131°F) TX insertion loss Gain (Ant-Com) Noise figure (Ant-Com) Attenuation failsafe Return loss (RX) Return loss (TX) Input P1dB IIP3 Operational current range Operational voltage range Power RET port Operational power range Intermodulation ANT port Table 16 ≥ 32 .+55°C (-40°F .0 dB 18.+131°F) Size (W x H x D) Weight Antenna connector BTS connector Table 17 MHA: mechanical parameters 250 mm x 350 mm x 100 mm approx. 9 kg 7/16 7/16 210 mm x 295 mm x 65 mm approx.8 dB max 12/33 dB ± 1.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description MHA parameters Parameter MDTA (850 MHz) MDGA (900 MHz) MDDA (1800 MHz) MDPA (1900 MHz) -40°C .750 mA (high gain) 100 .8 dB max 32 dB ± 1.

0 dB ≥ 12 dBm -40°C .9” x 11” x 3.0 dB ≤ 2.5 dB ≤ 3.+65°C (-49°F . GSM 1900 -25°C .0 dB ≥ 18 dBm ≥ 28 dBm ≤ 1 A ( ≤ 12 W) -40°C .+65°C (-49°F .0 lbs) TMA: mechanical parameters (guaranteed) A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 73 . GSM 900 -25°C .BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining TMA parameters Parameter Single TMA: GSM 850. 13.+45°C (-13°F .3” x 3.+45°C (-13°F .+113°F) 24 dB ± 2.2 dB Double TMA: GSM 1800.+149°F) Double TMA: GSM 1800.6” x 9.4”) approx.2 dB ≤ 4. GSM 900 -25°C . 10 kg (approx.2 dB ≤ 4.0 dB ≤ 2.2 dB (0.+113°F) -40°C . 6 kg (approx.5 dB ≤ 3.+45°C (-13°F .7”) approx.2 lbs) 7/16 7/16 345 mm x 235 mm x 85 mm (13.+65°C (-49°F .+149°F) 0.+113°F) Insertion loss Gain (Ant-Com) Noise figure (Ant-Com) Attenuation failsafe P1dB (Com) IP3 (Com) Current consumption Nominal voltage Table 18 TMA: electrical parameters (guaranteed) ≤ 500 mA ( ≤ 6 W) 12 V ± 8% 24 dB ± 2.0 dB ≤ 4. 22.+65°C (-49°F .+149°F) 24 dB ± 2.+149°F) Size (W x H x D) Weight Antenna connector BTS connector Table 19 175 mm x 282 mm x 95 mm (6.8 dB 24 dB ± 2.0 dB ≤ 4.+113°F) -40°C .5 dB typical) Parameter Single TMA: GSM 850.+45°C (-13°F . GSM 1900 -25°C .

One of the modules (module 1) contains an RX path.g. as retuning of the TNF frequency requires up to 5 seconds. LNA1 is optimized for low noise figure and can be by-passed with a switch in case a high gain TMA is providing sufficient signal amplification (MUCO mode). The attenuator works in both modes (AMCO and 74 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . In case of malfunction in one of the amplifiers. two branches • an attenuator (for MUCO and AMCO mode) • six equivalent outputs • a cascade output The LNA ensures a low system noise figure and consists of two branches.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description 5. Normally. These output ports are connected to the corresponding carrier units by jumper cables. the RX gain of the FICOM6 decreases by about 6 dB. the drift of the passband filter center frequency is compensated. Design and function The FICOM6 consists of two modules and a common part. It is possible to combine a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 6 TX signals in each FICOM6. This bridge is only omitted when the BTS needs a simplex RX input. The duplex filter combines the RX and the TX paths together. These TNFs are remotely tuned to the channel frequency of the corresponding carrier. A failure of LNA1 generates a major alarm in the O&M system. RXout). For a large number of carriers (6 and higher). another co-sited BTS or some 3rd party RX multicoupler. baseband frequency hopping has only a negligible disadvantage compared to synthesizer frequency hopping. If RF power is supplied to the TNF it automatically performs a fine tuning to ensure the best RF performance. The LNA provides six outputs of the amplified received signal. RF power combining / tuning modes The low loss power addition is carried out by combining the outputs of remote tunable narrowband filters (TNFs) inside the FICOM6. The gain of the receive path is switchable to an amplifier multicoupler (AMCO) or a multicoupler (MUCO) configuration (see below Operating modes for FICOM6). this signal is routed to the LNA over a jumper line connected at the front plate of the module (RXin. where the RX bandpass filter section selects the uplink band signal. e. The RX signal from main antenna port ANT0 (see Figure 27) is passed through to the duplexer. The other module (module 0) contains a duplex filter to be fed to a common antenna. the FICOM6 can only be used with baseband frequency hopping. The installation of a FICOM6 needs two horizontal adjacent ACOM slots. A TNF is first coarse tuned to the desired channel. because the RX signal is not provided directly by the antenna but by an RX signal distribution unit.6 FICOM6 The FICOM6 (filter combiner with 6 tunable narrowband filters) is the successor of the FICOM modules (old FICOM modules were not available in BS-240XL II) and provides the same functionality like an MFDUAMCO module. The attenuator can be adjusted over a range of 12 dB (in steps of 1 dB) to set the total gain of the RX path from antenna port to TRX input port to the nominal value. Therefore. With this automatic tuning process. Each RX path consists of: • the low noise amplifier (LNA).

A failure of one branch of LNA2 generates a minor alarm. the VSWR sensor measures the VSWR on the feed line and outputs the composite TX signal to the main antenna port ANT0. The filter passband is just wide enough for a single GSM radio frequency channel and its center frequency is tuned by an electric motor under control of the module's micro controller. each operating on a different carrier frequency. A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 75 . The FICOM6 detects a VSWR alarm and generates a failure information towards the O&M (CAN bus interface). Finally. are passed through TNFs. The TNF outputs are summed and routed to the duplexer. LNA2 is optimized for high output power and linearity to direct up to 6 RX outputs to the TRX units through the power splitter and a further cascading output (RXCA). The DUBIAS allows coupling DC supply current and controlling signal on the RF line. and a failure of both branches of LNA2 generates a major alarm in the O&M system. The PDU provides the DC power supply and the alarm monitoring of the TMAs. LNA2 is a two-branch amplifier for enhanced reliability. which are needed to control active antenna-near devices like MHA. without any duplexer. DTMA and RET. Alarm monitoring is done with a signaling interface between FICOM6 and TMA.BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining MUCO) to allow correct gain setting for a great variety of antenna system configurations: with or without TMA. The RX path from antenna port ANT1 (RX diversity) is equal to the main RX path with the following exceptions: The antenna port ANT1 is directly connected with the RX bandpass filter. The O&M unit transmits error messages to the COBA via a CAN bus. This information is subdivided in several levels with the following characteristics: no alarm or warning – VSWR < 2 – 2 ≤ VSWR ≤ 3 generation of warning "Minor VSWR fault" generation of VSWR alarm "Major VSWR fault" – VSWR > 3 The common part consists of: • a DC/DC converter plus a power distribution unit (PDU) • an O&M unit The DC/DC converter supplies the FICOM6 itself. The duplexer passes the composite TX signal through its TX bandpass filter section towards the antenna port. The RXin/RXout connectors are not needed because the antenna port ANT1 is a simplex port only. high or low gain TMA and a range of feed line loss. The RX output ports direct the diversity RX inputs to up to 6 TRXs. The TX signals from up to 6 TRXs. The activation of the by-pass switch and the adjustment of the attenuator can be done via DIP switches or O&M commands. The TX path consists of: • six tunable narrowband filters (TNFs) • an isolator for the TX input • an antenna supervision unit (ASU) • jumpers for combining mode setting The isolator for the TX input protects the power amplifiers (PAs) inside the carrier units from each other in order to assure the required inter-modulation suppression.

by using the appropriate configuration command in the O&M system. The low amplifying MUCO mode is used in case of cascading the FICOM6 with a preamplifier MHA or TMA. This adjustment is only done once during the installation of the BTS by the service personnel. The power supply and the signaling of the MHA/TMA are provided by the FICOM6 via triplexer at the antenna outputs. no fault signaling) are supported by O&M software. the RX path must be switched into one of these modes (by DIP switches): • AMCO mode • MUCO mode The high amplifying AMCO mode is used if the antenna is directly connected to the FICOM6 (without a preamplifier TMA). even missing or wrong DIP switch settings can be corrected from remote. A built-in attenuator provides a constant gain between MHA/TMA and FICOM6. the LED (TMA) is permanently green flashing. The gain adjustment is performed at commissioning by setting the attenuator in FICOM6 by dip switches. The gain of the FICOM6 can be matched to the cable loss and the TMA gain with the DIP switch. See the Commissioning manuals for details. During the BTS commissioning. The selected mode can be read by O&M software via CAN bus interface. • • 76 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . The gain is reduced to about 2 dB (see Table 21. 3rd party TMAs (low gain. from BR10 onward. independent of the cable loss. The following features of O&M support are available from BR10 onward: • RX gain adjustment is configurable via LMT and remote via RC. The FICOM6 gain is around 20/22 dB (see Table 21. allowing AMCO mode and TMA power supply in parallel.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description Operating modes for FICOM6 The FICOM6 has two operating modes. In this case. or. also for RXCA gain). The RX amplifier mode and the TMA power supply can be enabled/disabled independently. also for RXCA gain). VSWR thresholds for warning and alarming is configurable via O&M command.

RX5 RXCA1 Figure 27 FICOM6 block diagram A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 77 .. TMA DC/DC Convert... RX5 TX0 TX1 TX2 TX3 TX4 TX5 CAN Bus RX0 .BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining The following figure shows the block diagram of a FICOM6: ANT0 Testout Module0 VSWR PROC 2 ACOM Slots Module1 ANT1 Triplexer TMA Signall. LNA1 LNA1 PID CAN Control. Triplexer RXout RX Filter0 TX Filter RX Filter1 RXin DC/DC Convert. LNA2 6 TNFs LNA2 RXCA0 RX0 ..

The guaranteed combiner TX attenuation was measured for the full frequency range.d.b.5 dB 2) FICOM6: Insertion loss to be done in one of the next issues of this document preliminary value.3/-1.5 dB 22 dB +1. the RX behavior of FICOM6 is worse (appr. The measures were taken with 6 carriers with a minimum carrier separation (spacing) of 600 kHz.8 dB with 80% BW Attenuator range Attenuator step size Table 21 FICOM6: Gain (guaranteed) 0-12 dB 1 dB 78 Id:0900d8058052473e A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .2 dB with 100% BW ± 0.5 dB 3 dB 0.0 dB 2) 3.5 dB +0. without guarantee GSM 900 RX Gain AMCO 20 dB RXCA 18.d.3 dB with 80% BW Gain MUCO 2 dB 0. g With lower spacing. 1.8/-1.5 dB more insertion loss = 4.d.b. 1) t.5 dB). Guaranteed 3. GSM 900 FICOM6 80% Bandwidth 100% Bandwidth Table 20 1) 2) GSM 1800 Typical t.g.0 dB 2) 3.7 dB with 100% BW ± 1. 400 kHz.b.5 dB 2) Typical t.d. taking into account the full temperature range. e.b. Guaranteed 3. t.5 dB RX GSM 1800 RXCA 19.Antenna combining BS-240XL II product description FICOM6 losses (TX path) and gains (RX path) The typical combiner TX attenuation was measured for mid band at room temperature.

BS-240XL II product description Antenna combining 5. For example: An existing GSM 900 network will be extended by a GSM 1800 or GSM 1900 network to implement a dual band network. Antenna Dual Band 1800 MHz 900 MHz f1 f2 Diplexer f1 + f2 Diplexer f1 DUAMCO 2:2 (1800 MHz) f2 DUAMCO 2:2 (900 MHz) Figure 28 Configuration with diplexer (example) A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d8058052473e 79 . The diplexer offers the possibility to reduce the number of antenna feeder cables in all cases where GSM 900 and GSM 1800. One diplexer is needed to combine the two different frequencies at the BTS side and the other one to separate the frequencies near the antennas. g The diplexer is a commodity product. GSM 1900 or GSM 850 and GSM 1900 feeder cables have to be installed in parallel. which is available from many filter manufacturers.7 Diplexer The diplexer gives the possibility to use one antenna feeder cable for both GSM 850 with GSM 1900 and GSM 900 with GSM 1800 frequencies.

Cell configurations BS-240XL II product description 6 Cell configurations The following figures show an assortment of possible cell configurations. – 4/4/4 with duplex combining (see Figure 29) – 12/0/0 with duplex combining (see Figure 30 and Figure 31) – 8/8/8 with duplex combining (base and extension rack) (see Figure 32) – 12/12/0 with duplex combining (base and extension rack) (see Figure 33) – FDUAMCO configuration 2:2 and 4:2 (see Figure 34) – FDUAMCO configuration 8:2 with COAMCO8 (see Figure 35) CELL 0 CELL 1 CELL 2 DUAMCO 4:2 RX TX Coupler RX TX Coupler RX TX DUAMCO 4:2 RX TX Coupler RX TX DUAMCO 4:2 RX TX Coupler Coupler Coupler TRX0 1 2 3 TRX4 5 6 7 TRX8 9 10 11 Figure 29 Multi-Cell (4.4.4): with 3 DUAMCO 4:2 80 Id:0900d805802393f4 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .

0.0): with 2 DUAMCO 8:2 CELL 0 DUAMCO 4:2 RX TX Coupler RX TX Coupler RX TX DUAMCO 4:2 RX TX Coupler RX TX DUAMCO 4:2 RX TX Coupler Coupler Coupler TRX0 1 2 3 TRX4 5 6 7 TRX8 9 10 11 Figure 31 Single-Cell (12.0.0): with 3 DUAMCO 4:2 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d805802393f4 81 .BS-240XL II product description Cell configurations CELL 0 DUAMCO 8:2 RX TX Coupler RX TX Coupler RX TX DUAMCO 8:2 RX TX Coupler Coupler TRX0 1 2 3 4 5 TRX6 7 8 9 10 11 Figure 30 Single-Cell (12.

Cell configurations BS-240XL II product description 8 TRX 4 TRX 4 TRX 8 TRX Figure 32 Multi-Cell (8.0): with 4 DUAMCO 8:2 (base and extension rack) 82 Id:0900d805802393f4 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .8): with 4 DUAMCO 8:2 (base and extension rack) 8 TRX 4 TRX 4 TRX 8 TRX Figure 33 Multi-Cell (12.12.8.

3 6/7 Figure 35 Configuration 8:2 with FDUAMCO and COAMCO8 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d805802393f4 83 ...BS-240XL II product description Cell configurations FDUAMCO 2:2 FDUAMCO 4:2 Module 0 RX TX RX TX Module 1 RX TX RX TX Module 0 RX TX RX TX Module 1 RX TX RX TX RX RXdiv TRX0 TX RX RXdiv TRX0 TRX1 TRX2 TRX3 TRX1 TX Figure 34 FDUAMCO configuration 2:2 or 4:2 FDUAMCO + COAMCO8 8:2 Module 0 Module 1 Module 0 Module 1 RX TX RX TX RX TX RX TX RX 0...7 TX 2/3 RXdiv TX 4.3 TX 0/1 RXdiv 4.7 4/5 RXdiv TX 0.

which cannot be changed or removed locally.S.2 and 893. the BTS reduces the output power of the corner frequencies dependent on the hardware type of the carrier unit. market only) In this chapter. the maximum transmitting power of the corner frequencies of the GSM 850 band (channel numbers 128 and 251.FCC issues (for U. If the MCC indicates "USA". market only) BS-240XL II product description 7 FCC issues (for U. The BTS evaluates the mobile country code (MCC) provided by the BSC via the attribute "cellGlobalIdentity".8 MHz respectively) is decreased for all carrier units available for the U. in order to fulfill the FCC requirements in the USA. Revised FCC certification for ECU / FlexCU 850 For ECUs/FlexCUs with 869. The following table represents the power reduction values for GMSK and 8PSK modulation.S.S.S. market. Carrier unit type 128 ECU V2 ECU HPV2 ECU V3(A) FCU V1 Table 22 -8 dB -6 dB -6 dB -8 dB GMSK 251 -4 dB -4 dB -4 dB -8 dB 128 -4 dB -4 dB -4 dB -4 dB 8PSK 251 -2 dB -2 dB -2 dB -4 dB Power reduction of the carrier units (ECU/FlexCU 850) at antenna port 84 Id:0900d805802393fd A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 . These values are only relevant for the U. This function is required by law and is therefore implemented as a fixed software component. and 869.2 MHz and 893.8 MHz frequencies. you find the power reduction for corner frequencies of carrier units available in the USA. market.

in order to fulfill the FCC requirements in the USA. the BTS reduces the output power of the corner frequencies dependent on the hardware type of the carrier unit.BS-240XL II product description FCC issues (for U. market.2 MHz and 1989. the maximum transmitting power of the corner frequencies of the GSM 1900 band (channel numbers 512 and 810.8 MHz frequencies. The BTS evaluates the mobile country code (MCC) provided by the BSC via the attribute "cellGlobalIdentity". and 1930.S. which cannot be changed or removed locally. This function is required by law and is therefore implemented as a fixed software component. Carrier unit type 512 ECU V2 ECU HPV2 ECU V3(A) FCU V1 Table 23 -4 dB -8 dB -8 dB -8 dB GMSK 810 -2 dB -6 dB -6 dB -8 dB 512 -2 dB -4 dB -4 dB -4 dB 8PSK 810 -0 dB -2 dB -2 dB -4 dB Power reduction of the carrier units (ECU/FlexCU 1900) at antenna port A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d805802393fd 85 .2 and 1989. The following table represents the power reduction values for GMSK and 8PSK modulation.S.8 MHz respectively) is decreased for all carrier units available for the U. market only) Revised FCC certification for ECU / FlexCU 1900 For ECUs/FlexCUs with 1930. If the MCC indicates "USA".

49 COAMCO8 37. 55 FDUAMCO 34. 53 HYBRID6 64 MDUX 62 MFDUAMCO 34 combining options 10 configuration 10 core modules 24 COBA 26 COREXT 27 COSA 27 core redundancy 28 COREXT 27 corner frequency 84 COSA 27 cross connect 26 CU 30 output power level 32 B backup battery 41 battery backup 41 D DC and battery controller 42 DC LE breaker panel 43 DC panel (DCP) 43 DCBCTRL 42 DCP LEBREAK 43 dimensions 12 Diplexer 79 double TRX mode 31 dual band configurations 10 dual TMA 70 DUAMCO 33 functionality 55 gain 57 insertion loss 56 specials 58 dust filter 48 DUSTFILM 48 C carrier unit interface 26 carrier units 30 CU 30 ECU 30 FlexCU 31 GCU 30 output power level 32 CC-link 26 cell configuration 10 cell configuration (examples) 80 COAMCO8 37 functionality 67 COBA 26 combiner gains (F)DUAMCO 56 MFDUAMCO 54 combiner losses (F)DUAMCO 56 MFDUAMCO 54 combining module MDUX 35 E ECU 30 FCC certification 84. 76 and MHA 38 and TMA 38 antenna combining 49 antenna line equipment MHA 37 TMA 37 combining modules 33. 74 HYBRID4 35. 55 FICOM6 39. 56. 85 output power level 32 Eltek rack 19 emergency operation 41 examples of cell configuration 80 86 Id:0900d80580522404 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .BS-240XL II product description Index A Abis connection 46 Abis interface 26 Abis interface configurations 11 Abis link equipment 48 ABISCON 46 AC/DC panel (ADP) 41 AC/DC system 40 ACLK 29 ACTC 43 ACTM 44 ACTP 43 alarm collection terminal boards 43 AMCO mode 51. 67 Diplexer 79 DUAMCO 33.

BS-240XL II product description F fan unit 48 FCC certification 1900 85 FCC certification 850 84 FDUAMCO 34 functionality 55 gain 57 insertion loss 56 specials 60 FICOM6 39 functionality 74 gain 78 insertion loss 78 filter 48 FlexCU 31 FCC certification 84. 76 and MHA 38 and TMA 38 G gain (RX path) MDUX 66 gains (F)DUAMCO 56 MFDUAMCO 54 MHA 72 TMA 73 GCU 30 output power level 32 O OPEXAL 47 output power 32 overvoltage protection and tracer 45 overvoltage protection external alarms 47 OVPT 45 P power consumption 12 power supply by Eltek rack 19 power supply modules AC/DC panel 41 AC/DC system 40 alarm collection terminal boards 43 battery backup 41 DC and battery controller 42 DC LE breaker panel 43 DC panel 43 emergency operation 41 MSU AC 42 MSU DC 42 H HDLC link 29 hot plug-in 25 HYBRID4 35 functionality 53 HYBRID6 functionality 64 I ingress protection rating 12 insertion loss (TX path) MDUX 66 R redundancy 11 redundancy (core) 28 releases 9 remote electrical tilt 34 RET 34 RF output power 32 L LE 48 link equipment 48 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580522404 87 . 85 operation modes 31 output power level 32 fourfold receive diversity mode 31 frequency bands 13 frequency configurations 10 frequency hopping 10 losses (F)DUAMCO 56 MFDUAMCO 54 MHA 72 TMA 73 M MDUX 35 functionality 62 gain 66 insertion loss 66 MFDUAMCO 34 functionality 50 gain 54 insertion loss 54 MHA 37 min/max configuration 10 MSU AC 42 MSU DC 42 MUCO mode 51. 56.

BS-240XL II product description RX path gains (F)DUAMCO 56 gains MFDUAMCO 54 S single TMA 70 single TRX mode 31 T technical data 12 temperature range 12 TMA 37 traffic channels 11 TRX mode (FlexCU) 31 TRX per BTS 12 TRX per cell 12 TX path losses (F)DUAMCO 56 losses MFDUAMCO 54 V volume 12 W weight 12 88 Id:0900d80580522404 A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 .

BS-240XL II product description A50016-G5100-A023-09-7620 Id:0900d80580522404 89 .

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