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Zhibin Fang Dec, 2004
A general purpose FEA package Founded in 1970 Founder: Dr. John Swanson 1969: STASYS (Structural Analysis System). 1969) 1970: Ansys, CDC 6600 machine (1970) 1975: pc version ….. 2004: Ansys 8.1 multi-physics Employee: 550 (2004) Canonsburg, PA
What can Ansys do?
Structural analysis: stress/strain, deformation, etc. Heat transfer Fluid flow (CFD) Electromagnetics Multi-physics (solid/fluid/electromagnetic..) ….
How it works?
Finite Element Method (FEM)
Continuum media Piece-wised element connected by the Nodes Curve Piece-wised line
ualberta.html Evaluate the results Postprocessing 2 .FEM A numeric approximate results The precision of results depends on the model type and mesh Experience: Simple model is the best model FEM Process: 3 basic steps PREPROCESSING: build FEM model Geometry Construction Mesh Generation (right element type!) Boundary and load condition implmentation SOLVING: submit the model to Ansys solver POSTPROCESSING: 1D beam? or 3D block? check and evaluate result Stress/Strain contour plot FEM Process: 3 basic steps Third party CAD model Ansys 3D model Geometry construction Preprocessing Mesh generation Load implementation Job submission solving Need Help? Tutorial: help\ANSYS tutorial Help: help\help topics Useful website: http://www.mece.ca/tutorials/ansys/index.
Bicycle Frame Example using ANSYS to solve a simple 3D space frame problem Bicycle Frame Example A 3D frame structure Material: steel Unit: mm/N Ask yourself before you start What kind of element you will use? Pipe What is the boundary condition? Fixed at three points What is the load? 600 and 200 N Which unit system you will use? mm/N/Mpa Section view 3 .Unit Ansys had no build-in unit system The unit must be consistent.
Bicycle Frame Example • Physical model and FEM model Bicycle Frame Example Preprocessing Geometry construction: key points lines Specify element type ( pipe16). and element properties (real constants) Specify the material (input young’s modulus) Mesh Apply load and boundary consitions Bicycle Frame Example Solving: Current LS Bicycle Frame Example Postprocessing: Plot deformed shape Plot Von Mises stress List reaction force Plot bending moment 4 .
0 500.400.400.0.0 500.0 825. 5 .50 825. option K6 Real constant: 25mm/2.-50 create Create lines Modeling create lines Define element Element add pipe 16.0 0.Questions? Create 6 key points Prepoocessor modeling key points 0.0.325.0.
Material Material model structural E. 70000MPa. v=0. fy=-600N. p4 fy=-200N Solution Solve current LS Bcs 3 support points fixed 6 .33 isotropic Mesh Mesh tool set the size of mesh 20mm Load Load Apply p6.
von mises Define SMISC 6 I moment and SMIMC 12 J moment Plot deflection Nodal solution 7 .General postprocessor Plot deformed shape Plotcontrol hard copy General postprocessor Plot von misses stress Define element table.