Partners in Power

Cast Resin Transformers
Technical Information

For longer overloads. forced cooling is a standard option. Low-Cost Solution • Reduced Costs: Low fire risk permits location near the load – shortens expensive LV feeders – reduces volt-drop. Thermal mass less than 15 % of equivalent oil transformer. Windings are held securely by epoxy-resin insulation along their whole length – no re-pressing or adjustments required – even under the most severe load conditions. • Power Reserves: Short-time overload capacity much greater than liquid-filled transformers. No special building work. Statistics show reliability even better than oil. • Reliability More than 10. radiator.000 units in service.Why Cast Resin Transformers? The High-Security. or tank problems – only needs air for cooling. 3 . ‘AN’ transformers can be equipped for ‘AF’ just by adding fan assembly and relay to uprate to 150 %. • Planning Flexibility and Safety: No oil sump – no fire barriers – no siting restrictions. Completely sealed windings – impervious to damp and dust. • Maintenance Free: No oil.

The rubber allows thermal expansion. LV-coils are centred against the core by high-temperature synthetic rubber spacers. Binding and two-part coating ensures cohesion of the core laminations – protects against corrosion – further reduces noise. Individual adjusters are fitted to the upper coil clamps. not inside the coil. Each coil is tested for radial strength in a special press which plots a force-displacement diagram. and reduces noise. The support clamps are porcelain for optimal insulation and to reduce thermal mass. High-quality.Design Details The High-Voltage Winding: The Low-Voltage Winding: The Core: Coil clamps: • Spiral layer copper wire winding in epoxy/glass fibre insulation. Copper strip connections are pressure welded to the sheet winding. Full-height copper sheet is wound in pre-preg insulation and bonded by a heating process into a strong cylinder. Short-circuit stresses are minimised because the current distributes freely across the full-height conductor. • Cooling ducts not only further improve cooling. grain-oriented steel. Also fans are tested automatically every 30 days. HV-coils are centred by upper and lower coil clamps with hightemperature synthetic rubber pads which adjust the HV and LV coil position both radially and axially.000 hrs. and ‘step-lap’ laminated mitred joints reduce no-load losses and noise emission. 5 . Even the most extreme and rapid temperature fluctuations will not induce cracking of insulation or deformation of the winding. but ensure any stresses fall in air. The complete HV and LV insulation system exceeds class F – meets USA ANSI class 150°C/40. voidfree cast in steel mould. due to the balance of strength and elasticity of the epoxy/glass fibre combination. and monitors all components of the system – digital temperature indication is included. ‘Trip’ for temperature at thermal limit of temperature class. and the whole transformer assembly is fixed to a carriage with bi-directional wheels and lifting and towing eyes. • Partial discharge below 10 pc – every coil and complete transformer routine tested. The Frame: Upper and lower steel channel core clamps are joined by steel tie bars bound to the core. ‘Alarm’ for temperature exceeding that set for calculated life expectancy. For forced cooling (up to 150 % rating normally) PT 100 in conjunction with TAA-12 relay controls fans. Temperature Monitoring: Two PTC’s per phase in conjunction with TS-O1 relay.

Classifications F0 is standard – meets all flue-gas requirements – no restrictions on installation. particle filled epoxy is brittle and cracks at low temperatures. Climatic category C2 as standard – this is the most onerous test.Environmental Safety Environmental category Climatic category Fire performance Classifications F0. Classification F1 is also available as standard equipment for countries in which Classification F1 is specified. F1: • Practically maintenance free. or for customers requiring such specifications. • Impervious to damp and dust. • Unaffected by the most severe temperature fluctuations. with rapid temperature rise from -30°C to +155°C applied directly to HV coils (not indirectly applied via LV coil heat transfer) only epoxy/glass fibre makes this possible. Environmental category as standard = E1 (E2 available up to 24 kV) (salt spray exposure or immersion in salt water).) 7 . (Note: Classification F2 has been abandoned from standards due to the fact that suitable test specifications have not been defined. • No pollution danger – acceptable even in water protection areas.

ANSI C57-1291. Reference surface Measurement path LWA = LPA + LS Noise measurements are carried out as special test at regular intervals. the knowledge derived from testing has led to a simplification of centering and support. Core height Impulse tests are carried out as type tests based on customer specifications and as sampling tests within the quality assurance system. VDE 0532. Type tests and Routine tests Short-circuit strength Subsequent to impulse tests. standards The most important data on the rating plate of the cast resin transformer are documented by test reports. As characteristic noise values for cast resin transformers without enclosures in AN operation. specifications.Technical capacity Inspection guaranteed Silence is a transformer priority Transformer ratings. They are based on orderrelated and associated national and international standards and regulations such as IEC 76 and 726. the overlapping of core legs and yokes in a „Step-lap“ h design has a positive effect on the emission of noise as well as on the transformer losses. In addition to the choice of induction and core material. the following may be utilised in practical applications. Cast resin transformers have been successfully tested and supplied for a system voltage of Um = 36 kV with a lightning impulse voltage of 200 kV. NF C52-726. CENELEC HD 464. The following routine tests are carried out on each transformer: • • • • • • • • Winding resistance Ratio and polarity Impedance voltage Load losses No-load losses and current Induced overvoltage test Winding test Partial discharge test 1m Distance is 1m 8 . SGB cast resin transformers are offered not only in standard design in accordance with DIN 42 523 but also with reduced losses and noise suppression. LV foil windings which are bonded to form a cylinder bloc in combination with the HV cast-resin windings provide the highest possible strength levels for generated electrodynamic short-circuit forces. The reduction of air-transmitted noise caused by transformers is being taken more and more into consideration. Based on our winding design. Therefore. A-weighted sound pressure level MA LPA in dB A-weighted sound power level DWA LWA in dB and adjunct level of measuring surface LS in dB LWA and LPA with LS have a specified interrelationship found in DIN 45 635 / Section 30 Additional type tests and routine tests include: • Heat run test • Zero phase-sequence impedance • Capacity Arrangement of measurement points for noise measurements on dry type transformers with enclosure. BS 7806. Type tests carried out by recognised independent international institutes have substantiated this fact. partialdischarge measurements are always carried out to check for the proper dielectric state before the unit is supplied to the customer.

For installation in enclosed electrical operating areas. Customer specifications can be met using modular systems. Enclosure IP 33 is required when installing in fabrication halls. • For indoor or outdoor installation IP 20 to IP 33 outdoors.Protection enclosures All-around protection Standard enclosure • Free-standing or installed on carriage. enclosures are to be provided with type of protection IP 20 and IP 23 respectively. For further information please refer to our detailed brochure „Standard enclosures for cast resin transformers“. 10 .

smittransformers.000 CREATIV CONCEPT REGENSBURG .Partners in Power Manufacturing range Manufacture and delivery of: • Oil immersed transformers up to and including 1. rated voltages up to 36 kV • System enclosures for cast resin transformers • Transformers with line drop or parallel regulation • Pole-mounted transformers • Earthing transformers and Petersen coils • Rectifier and furnace transformers • Resonant-circuit reactances. Groenestraat 336 • NL – 6531 JC Nijmegen Telefon: 0031 / 24 . coupling transformers and reactors for AF ripple control systems • Shunt reactors and current limiting reactors • Compact stations Subject to technical modifications STARKSTROM-GERÄTEBAU GMBH Ohmstraße 10 • 93055 Regensburg Telefon: +49 (0)9 41/78 41-0 Telefax: +49 (0)9 41/7 17 21 E-Mail: SMIT TRANSFORMATOREN B.356 87 64 E-Mail: www.356 89 11 Telefax: 0031 / 24 .de 12 www.V.sgb-trafo. service voltage up to 525 kV in compliance with all relevant standards and for special designs • Regulating transformers with onload tap changers • Cast resin transformers up to and including 24 Druckschrift BTt 43/01 SÄCHSISCH-BAYERISCHE STARKSTROM-GERÄTEBAU GMBH Ohmstraße 1 • 08496 Neumark Telefon: +49 (0)3 76 00 / 83-0 Telefax: +49 (0)3 76 00 / 34 14 E-Mail: sgb@sgb-neumark.sgb-trafo.

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