LATERAL MARKS – REGION A STARBOARD hand lateral mark in IALA region “A”.

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (when fitted): Lights:

Green Conical, Pillar, or Spar Single green cone pointing upward If fitted may have any rhythm other than composite group

flashing (2+1) used on modified Lateral marks indicating a preferred channel. Green light Examples are: Continuous quick light Single flashing light Long flashing light Group flashing light PORT hand lateral mark in IALA region “A”. Q.G Fl.G L.Fl.G Fl(2)G

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (when fitted): Lights: Examples are:

Red Cylinderical (can), Pillar, or Spar Single red cylinder (can) when fitted may have any rhythm other than composite group

flashing (2+1) used on modified Lateral marks indicating a preferred channel. Red light Red light Continuous quick light Single flashing light Long flashing light Group flashing light Q.R Fl.R L.Fl.R Fl(2)R

Preferred channel to STARBOARD in IALA region “A”. (placed to port)

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (when fitted): Light:

Red with one broad green horizontal band Cylinderical (can), Pillar, or Spar Single red cylinder (can) Red light

Group flashing (2+1) light

Fl(2+1)R

Preferred channel to PORT in IALA region “A”. (placed to Stbd)

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (when fitted): Light:

Green with one broad red horizontal band Conical, Pillar, or Spar Single green cone point upward Green light

Group flashing (2+1) light

Fl(2+1)G

STARBOARD hand lateral mark in IALA region “B”.

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (when fitted): Lights: Examples are:

Red Conical, Pillar, or Spar Single red cone pointing upward when fitted may have any rhythm other than composite

group flashing (2+1) used on modified Lateral marks indicating a preferred channel. Red light Red light Continuous quick light Single flashing light Long flashing light Group flashing light Q.R Fl.R L.Fl.R Fl(2)R

PORT hand lateral mark in IALA region “B”.

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (when fitted): Lights: Examples are:

Green Cylinderical (can), Pillar, or Spar Single green cylinder (can) when fitted may have any rhythm other than composite group

flashing (2+1) used on modified Lateral marks indicating a preferred channel. Green light Continuous quick light Single flashing light Long flashing light Group flashing light Q.G Fl.G L.Fl.G Fl(2)G

Preferred channel to STARBOARD in IALA region “B”.

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (when fitted): Light:

Green with one broad red horizontal band Cylinderical (can), Pillar, or Spar Single green cylinder (can) Green light

Group flashing (2+1) light

Fl(2+1)G

Preferred channel to PORT in IALA region “B”.

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (when fitted): Light:

Red with one broad green horizontal band Conical, Pillar, or Spar Single red cone point upward

Red light Group flashing (2+1) light Fl(2+1)R

CARDINAL MARKS NORTH Cardinal Mark

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (if fitted): Retroreflector:

Black band above a Yellow Band. Pillar or spar Black double cone topmarks (one vertically above the other), both pointing up Two bands of tape, blue over yellow quick flashes. VQ Q

Light: When lighted, a North cardinal mark shows a white light of uninterupted very quick or

EAST Cardinal Mark

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (if fitted): Retroreflector:

Black bands above and below a yellow band Pillar or spar Black double cone topmarks (one vertically above the other), both pointing outward Two bands of tape, both blue on the black parts very quick or quick flashes. VQ(3)5s Q(3)10s

Light: When lighted, an East cardinal mark shows a white light of 3 flashes in a group, either

SOUTH Cardinal Mark

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (if fitted): Retroreflector:

Black band beneath a Yellow band. Pillar or spar Black double cone topmarks (one vertically above the other), both pointing downward. Two bands of tape, yellow over blue long flash, based on a group of (Q) quick flashes or (VQ) very quick flashes.

Light: When lighted, a South cardinal mark shows a white light of 6 flashes followed by one

Q(6)+L.Fl.15s VQ(6)+L.Fl.10s

WEST Cardinal Mark

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (if fitted): Retroreflector:

A yellow buoy with a broad black band around the middle. Pillar or spar Black double cone topmarks (one vertically above the other), both pointing inwards Two bands of tape, both yellow on the yellow parts group of (Q) quick flashes or (VQ) very quick flashes.

Light: When lighted, a West cardinal mark shows a white light of 9 flashes, based on a Q(9)15s VQ(9)10s 1C)

ISOLATED DANGER MARK

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (if carried): Retroreflector:

A black buoy with one or more broad red bands Pillar or spar A black double sphere topmark (one sphere vertically above the other) A blue band above a red band of two flashes. Fl(2)

Light: When lighted, an Isolated Danger mark shows a white flashing light showing a group

SAFE WATER MARK

Colour: Shape (Buoys): Topmark (if fitted):

A white buoy with red stripes Spherical, pillar or spar A red sphere Occulting, or Long Flashing every 10 seconds, or morse A. Isophase (equal)

Light: When lighted a Safe Water Mark Light shows a white light either Isophase, or

Occulting (flashing dark) L.Fl.10s Mo (A)

SPECIAL MARKS Colour: Shape (Buoys): Yellow Optional, but must not conflict with those used for Lateral or Safe water marks. May be Port Hand (Can shaped) or Starboard Hand (Conical shaped). Topmark (if carried): Retroreflectors : A single yellow X is used for Special Marks A yellow band, an X or a symbol. white lights.

Light: Light, when fitted, is yellow, and may have any rhythm not used for

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