Philippine Folk Dance

Physical Education

WHAT IS DANCE?
a form of expression of oneself through rhythmic movement

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So, what is FOLK DANCE
the oldest form of dance and the earliest form of communication - the traditional dance of a given country which evolved naturally and spontaneously with everyday activities e.g. occupations, customs, festivals, rituals
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So, what is FOLK DANCE

It is handed down from generation to generation It has more or less a fixed movement in their pattern, but may differ in various areas or provinces

5 Major Classifications of Philippine Folk Dances
1. 2.

3.
4. 5.

Cordillera Dances Spanish Influenced Dances Muslim Dances Tribal Dances Rural Dances

Cordillera Dances
Bontoc, Ifugao, Benguet, Apayo, & Kalinga tribes  a people whose way of life existed long before any Spaniard or other foreigners stepped foot on the Philippines  Gongs, ganza

Dances reflects rituals which celebrate their daily lives - a good harvest, health, peace, war, and other symbols of living

Cordillera Dances
Bontoc – “Pattong”

Kalinga – “Banga”

Spanish Influenced Dances
Philippine aristocrats created Filipino adaptations of European dances  jotas, fandanggos, mazurkas, waltzes  danced by young socialites to the stringed music of the rondalla

Dances reflects Christianity, and European art and culture

Spanish Influenced Dances
“Jota”

“Habanera”

Muslim Dances


 

Influenced by Malay, Javanese & Middle Eastern Traders (Islam) mysticism, royalty, and beauty Uses intricate hand & arm movement the fingers express feelings & emotions Uses shimmering costumes

Muslim Dances
Maranao – “Singkil”

Tausug – “Pangalay”

Tribal Dances
intricate craftsmanship in metal, clothing, and jewelry  reflects rituals & animals, belief in “spirits” & shamans, nature – “anito”  animal sounds, human singing, indigenous materials

Also known as Ethnic dances; Ethnic minorities found in different parts of the Philippines (T’boli, Bilaan, Manobo, Bagobo, etc.)

Tribal Dances
T’boli – “Madal Tahaw”

Manobo – “Bangkakaw”

Rural Dances


 

Reflects the simple life of the people in the barrio Depicts common work, daily activities of the peasants

Shows gaiety & laughter, festivities Performed in fiestas to honor patron saints give homage to the barrio's namesake for a good harvest, health, & perseverance Indigenous materials, clapping, rondalla, percussion instruments

Rural Dances
“Maglalatik”

“Saut sa Rarug”

“Oasioas”

COSTUMES IN PHILIPPINE FOLK DANCE

Typical Spanish Elite

Female: MARIA CLARA Male: Barong Tagalog & Black Pants

Rural (Tagalog)
Female: BALINTAWAK with soft panuelo & tapis Male: Camisa de Chino & trousers of different colors

Rural (Visayan)
Female: Kimona & Patadyong with soft kerchief Male: Barong or Camisa de Chino and trousers of any color

Cordillera/Tribal
Male: - G-string, short jacket & shoulder band, feathered head dresses - “bahag” Females: - Hinabi na tela (hablon) - Accessories (beads)

Muslim
“Sigpit” or “Sablay”  patadyong  Malong  pants

Rural (Ilocano)

“Chambra” – blouse “Siesgo” – A-line skirt

REFERENCES

2010. Catacutan, Allen. Fundamentals in Philippine Folk Dance + Filipino Cultural Communities. 5 October 2010. http://www.scribd.com/doc/38738236/Fundamentals-inPhilippine-Folk-Dance-Filipino-Cultural-Communities

2008. Philippine Folk Dance Society, Cultural Center of the Philippines. A Classic Collection of Philippine Folk Dances Series III, 28th National Folk Dance Workshop. 19 – 23 May 2008

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