Philippine Folk Dance

Physical Education

a form of expression of oneself through rhythmic movement


So, what is FOLK DANCE
the oldest form of dance and the earliest form of communication - the traditional dance of a given country which evolved naturally and spontaneously with everyday activities e.g. occupations, customs, festivals, rituals

So, what is FOLK DANCE

It is handed down from generation to generation It has more or less a fixed movement in their pattern, but may differ in various areas or provinces

5 Major Classifications of Philippine Folk Dances
1. 2.

4. 5.

Cordillera Dances Spanish Influenced Dances Muslim Dances Tribal Dances Rural Dances

Cordillera Dances
Bontoc, Ifugao, Benguet, Apayo, & Kalinga tribes  a people whose way of life existed long before any Spaniard or other foreigners stepped foot on the Philippines  Gongs, ganza

Dances reflects rituals which celebrate their daily lives - a good harvest, health, peace, war, and other symbols of living

Cordillera Dances
Bontoc – “Pattong”

Kalinga – “Banga”

Spanish Influenced Dances
Philippine aristocrats created Filipino adaptations of European dances  jotas, fandanggos, mazurkas, waltzes  danced by young socialites to the stringed music of the rondalla

Dances reflects Christianity, and European art and culture

Spanish Influenced Dances


Muslim Dances

 

Influenced by Malay, Javanese & Middle Eastern Traders (Islam) mysticism, royalty, and beauty Uses intricate hand & arm movement the fingers express feelings & emotions Uses shimmering costumes

Muslim Dances
Maranao – “Singkil”

Tausug – “Pangalay”

Tribal Dances
intricate craftsmanship in metal, clothing, and jewelry  reflects rituals & animals, belief in “spirits” & shamans, nature – “anito”  animal sounds, human singing, indigenous materials

Also known as Ethnic dances; Ethnic minorities found in different parts of the Philippines (T’boli, Bilaan, Manobo, Bagobo, etc.)

Tribal Dances
T’boli – “Madal Tahaw”

Manobo – “Bangkakaw”

Rural Dances

 

Reflects the simple life of the people in the barrio Depicts common work, daily activities of the peasants

Shows gaiety & laughter, festivities Performed in fiestas to honor patron saints give homage to the barrio's namesake for a good harvest, health, & perseverance Indigenous materials, clapping, rondalla, percussion instruments

Rural Dances

“Saut sa Rarug”



Typical Spanish Elite

Female: MARIA CLARA Male: Barong Tagalog & Black Pants

Rural (Tagalog)
Female: BALINTAWAK with soft panuelo & tapis Male: Camisa de Chino & trousers of different colors

Rural (Visayan)
Female: Kimona & Patadyong with soft kerchief Male: Barong or Camisa de Chino and trousers of any color

Male: - G-string, short jacket & shoulder band, feathered head dresses - “bahag” Females: - Hinabi na tela (hablon) - Accessories (beads)

“Sigpit” or “Sablay”  patadyong  Malong  pants

Rural (Ilocano)

“Chambra” – blouse “Siesgo” – A-line skirt


2010. Catacutan, Allen. Fundamentals in Philippine Folk Dance + Filipino Cultural Communities. 5 October 2010.

2008. Philippine Folk Dance Society, Cultural Center of the Philippines. A Classic Collection of Philippine Folk Dances Series III, 28th National Folk Dance Workshop. 19 – 23 May 2008

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