Mansoura Medical students site neuroanatomy MCQ *choose the best answer

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1. One of the following is not derived from the neural crest: a. Pia mater. b. Arachnoid mater. c. Dura mater. d. Spinal ganglia. e. Schwann cells.
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2. One of the following is not derived from the neural crest: a. Dorsal root ganglia. b. Suprarenal cortex. c. Geniculate ganglion of the facial nerve. d. Gracile tract. e. Sympathetic chain.
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3. The 3rd ventricle is the cavity of the: a. Metencephalon. b. Myelencephalon. c. Mesencephalon. d. Telencephalon. e. Diencephalon.
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4. The lateral ventricle communicates with the 3rd ventricle through: a. Aqueduct of Sylvius. b. Foramen of Magendie. c. Foramen of Monro. d. Foramen of Luschka. e. Central canal.

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5. The presence of the following in the amniotic fluid indicates anencephaly: a. Glucose. b. Blood. c. Lymphocytes. d. Alpha fetoprotein. e. None of the above.
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6. Failure of the neural tube to close causes: a. Hydrocephalus. b. Anencephaly. c. Meningocele. d. All of the above. e. None of the above.
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7. Regarding spina bifida, one of the following is incorrect: a. Usually occurs in the cervical region. b. Spina bifida occulta is the commonest type. c. May be associated with meningocele. d. Is due to failure of fusion of the vertebral arches. e. The spinal cord may project through the defect.
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8. Regarding the meningeal spaces: a. Extradural hemorrhage is usually arterial. b. Subdural hemorrhage is usually venous. c. Subarachnoid hemorrhage is usually arterial. d. All are correct. e. a and b only are correct
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9. These cranial nerve nuclei are present in the floor of the 4th ventricle EXCEPT:

a. Abducent nucleus. b. Facial nucleus in the facial colliculus. c. Dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus. d. Hypoglossal nucleus. e. Vestibular nuclei.
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10. Regarding the cerebellar arteries, one of the following is INCORRECT: a. The superior cerebellar artery supplies the superior cerebellar peduncle. b. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery supplies the middle cerebellar peduncle. c. The posterior inferior cerebellar artery supplies the inferior cerebellar peduncle. d. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery supplies the choroid plexus of the 3rd ventricle. e. The posterior inferior cerebellar artery supplies the choroid plexus of the 4th ventricle.
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11. The subarachnoid space: a. Contains the cerebrospinal fluid. b. Dilates in some areas to form the subarachnoid cisterns. c. Subarachnoid hemorrhage is usually due to rupture of superficial cerebral veins. d. All of the above are correct. e. A and B only are correct.
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12. The subdural space: a. Contains the cerebrospinal fluid. b. Dilates in some areas to form the subarachnoid cisterns. c. Subdural hemorrhage is usually due to rupture of superficial cerebral veins. d. All of the above are correct. e. A and B only are correct.
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þÿ 17. Mesencephalon. The fourth ventricle is the cavity of the: a. The flocculonodular lobe is connected with the vestibular system. Regarding the cerebellum. þÿ 15.13. þÿ 14. The central canal of the spinal cord opens out into the: a. It develops from the metencephalon. c. b. b. b. The neocerebellum is connected with the cerebral cortex. The lateral ventricle is the cavity of the: a. c. . þÿ 16. Subarachnoid space. Anterior spinal artery. c. The medullary center contains 4 deep cerebellar nuclei on each side. d. Lumbar cistern. Diencephalon. one of the following is INCORRECT: a. b. e. None of the above. One of the following arteries is a branch of the basilar artery: a. Rhombencephalon. b. d. Telencephalon. Mesencephalon. Rhombencephalon. e. The paleocerebellum is formed of the lateral zone of the cerebellar hemisphere. e. None of the above. c. Third ventricle. d. d. e. Posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Fourth ventricle. Anterior inferior cerebellar artery. Diencephalon. Sacral hiatus. c. Telencephalon.

b. e. Cerebellum. e. Posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). þÿ 18. Pons. b. Anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA). Posterior spinal artery. Superior cerebellar artery. d. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery is a branch of the vertebral artery. Anterior cerebral artery. e. The floor of the 4th ventricle is formed by the: a. One of the following is a branch of the vertebral artery: a. The brainstem is formed of: a. None of the above. Posterior cerebral artery. The superior cerebellar artery supplies the superior cerebellar peduncle. þÿ 19. c. þÿ 20. d.d. one of the following is INCORRECT: a. Inferior medullary velum. Medulla oblongata. þÿ 21. c. The posterior inferior cerebellar artery supplies the inferior cerebellar peduncle. . Regarding the cerebellar arteries. e. Midbrain. The posterior inferior cerebellar artery may give the posterior spinal artery. Superior medullary velum. d. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery supplies the middle cerebellar peduncle. b. c. Radicular arteries to the cervical part of the spinal cord. All of the above. c. b.

Falx cerebri. Restiform body. medulla and cerebellum. e. Cerebellum and thalamus. c. e. Spinal cord. þÿ 22. fourthventricle. c. þÿ 24. þÿ 23. d. Tentorium cerebelli. pons and cerebellum. None of the above. The superior cerebellar peduncle connects the cerebellum with the: a. Posterior lobe from the flocculonodular lobe. b. The primary fissure of the cerebellum separates the: a. Paleocerebellum from the neocerebellum.d. Midbrain. None of the above. b. d. Galea aponeurotica. The rhombencephalon is made up of the: a. cerebellum and pons. e. Falx cerebelli. Pons. d. Cerebrum. The cerebellum is separated from the cerebral hemisphere by the: a. c. b. e. Superior surface from the inferior surface. b. Inferior olive. d. þÿ . Anterior lobe from the posterior lobe. Cerebrum and cerebellum. Back of the medulla. Medulla. e. þÿ 25. Medulla. c.

d. e. þÿ 28. d. Postolivary fissure. Area postrema. þÿ 30. Facial and trigeminal. Facial nerve and abducent nucleus. Posterior spinal artery. 1. Pyramidal decussation. c. The hypoglossal nerve exits from the: a. c. Hypoglossal trigone. c. þÿ 29. Preolivary fissure. b. The medulla contains all the following features EXCEPT: a. Facial nucleus only. The medulla is supplied by all of the following EXCEPT: a. 4. Anterior median fissure. Facial and vagus. b. Branches from the vertebral artery. Anterior inferior cerebellar artery. . b. Multipolar neurons usually contain ……… axons: a. e. Facial nerve only. Anterior spinal artery. The facial colliculus is formed by the: a. b. e. 3. c. d. Clava. c. Horizontal fissure. 2. 5. Facial colliculus. b. þÿ 27.26. d. d. e. Posterior inferior cerebellar artery.

e. The substantia nigra contains nerve cells that secrete dopamine. e. Tuber cinereum. Trochlear nerve. Posterior perforated substance. In the midbrain. d. 2). General sensory area (area 3. Motor eye field area (area 8). þÿ 33. b. c. One of the following cortical areas of the brain is present in the parietal lobe: a. d. b. d. 42). e. d. Primary motor area (area 4). The inferior colliculi are auditory reflex centers. 1. 0ccipital lobe. þÿ 34. Medial surface of the frontal lobe. Cerebellopontine angle. Infundibulum of the pituitary gland. The superior colliculi are visual reflex centers. c. c. þÿ 32. þÿ 31. Mamillary bodies. The aqueduct of Sylvius connects the third ventricle with the fourth ventricle. e. b. þÿ . Anterior limb of the internal capsule. The inferior brachium connects the inferior colliculus with the lateral geniculate body. The anterior cerebral artery supplies all of the following EXCEPT: a. e. b. One of the following is not present in the interpeduncular fossa: a. Anterior part of the corpus striatum. one of the following is INCORRECT: a. Primary visual area (area 17). Primary auditory area (area 41. c. Upper one inch of the parietal lobe.

Primary auditory area (areas 41 and 42). one of the following is INCORRECT: a. b. þÿ 39. b. Trochlear nerve nucleus. Oculomotor nerve nuclei. one is INCORRECT: . Habenular nucleus. The choroid plexus is the main site of production. b. d. Crus cerebri. d. Regarding the cortical areas of the cerebral cortex. e.35. Somatosensory association area (area 5 and 7). Pineal gland. b. The epithalamus is formed of all of the following EXCEPT: a. Stria medullaris thalami. þÿ 38. It reaches the subarachnoid space through the 3 foramina of the fourth ventricle. Posterior commisure. Broca’s area (motor speech area). c. Primary visual area (area 17). It protects the brain and spinal cord. d. Anterior commissure. Third ventricle. e. The midbrain contains all of the following EXCEPT: a. c. This cortical area is present in the frontal lobe of the cerebral hemisphere: a. c. Gustatory (taste) area (area 43). e. þÿ 37. c. d. Substantia nigra. e. The arachnoid villi and granulations are the main site of absorption (drainage). Regarding the CSF. þÿ 36. The main volume is present in the ventricles of the brain.

b. All of the following are correct EXCEPT: a. . The prefrontal cortex (frontal pole) contains the personality center. Posterior inferior cerebellar artery. The epithalamus: a. e. The primary visual area (area 17) is supplied by the posterior cerebral artery. þÿ 42. Contains a nucleus that is part of the limbic system. d. Middle cerebral artery. Anterior inferior cerebellar artery. þÿ 41. d. c. The tuber cinereum of the interpeduncular fossa is part of the hypothalamus. e. The medial medullary syndrome is due to occlusion of the: a. Posterior cerebral artery. b. b. Posterior spinal artery. The stria medullaris of the 4th ventricle are arcuatocerebellar fibers. Anterior spinal artery. All of the above are correct. a and b only are correct. e. b. þÿ 40. Posterior cerebral artery. c. The lateral medullary syndrome is usually due to occlusion of the: a. c. Is part of the diencephalon. c. The auditory association area (area 22) lies in the middle temporal gyrus. c. Anterior cerebral artery. All the motor areas are present in the frontal lobe. Broca’s area is supplied b the middle cerebral artery.a. Posterior spinal artery. b. e. d. d. þÿ 43. Anterior spinal artery. Contains a gland that secretes melatonin. Area postrema is the vomiting center.

c. d. one of the following is INCORRECT: a. The two superior colliculi are connected by the anterior commissure. Foramen of Megendie of the 4th ventricle is present in the superior medullary velum. The posterior part (tectum) contains visual and auditory reflex centers. d. It contains about 30 ml of CSF. The stria medullaris thalami is part of the limbic system and the epithalamus. Caudate nucleus. In the midbrain: a. þÿ 47. The ependymal lining contributes to the formation and circulation of the CSF. b. þÿ 45. Obstruction of the aqueduct of Sylvius causes dilatation of all the ventricles. The trochlear nerve exits from the interpeduncular fossa medial to the crus cerebri. Amygdaloid nucleus. e. The substantia nigra contains nerve cells that secrete noradrenaline. It represents the cavity of the neural tube. Regarding the ventricular system.d. b. e. Communicates with subarachnoid space through foramina of Luschka and Megendie. e. b. e. Hippocampus. c. c. Nuclei of the limbic system include all of the following EXCEPT: a. þÿ 44. The inferior brachium connects the inferior colliculus with the lateral geniculate body. þÿ 46. Mamillary body. Anterior thalamic nucleus. d. Language areas are located in all of the following EXCEPT: .

Posterior cerebral artery. It is supplied by the anterior cerebral artery. e. Corpus callosum. c. d. d. Fasciculus uncinatus. þÿ 49. e. Posterior communicating artery. þÿ 50. c. Superior longitudinal fasciculus. Dorsal spinocerebellar tract. þÿ 51. Inferior frontal gyrus. d. þÿ 48. b. Angular gyrus. e.a. Inferior longitudinal fasc iculus. b. Middle cerebral artery. One of the following arteries is not part of the circulus arteriosus: a. Association fibers include all of the following EXCEPT: a. It connects similar cortical areas of the two hemispheres. d. . The posterior end is called the splenium. b. Anterior cerebral artery. Regarding Corpus callosum all of the following are correct EXCEPT: a. The inferior cerebellar peduncle contains all of the following EXCEPT: a. Cingulum. Middle frontal gyrus. c. b. Superior temporal gyrus. Supramarginal gyrus. It is formed of association fibers. c. Anterior communicating artery. It transmits information between the 2 hemispheres. e.

b. c. Contains fibers from the anterior thalamic nucleus to the cingulate gyrus. c. d. Posterior commissure. b. Ventral spinocerebellar tract. The spinal cord is the continuation of the medulla oblongata. e. þÿ 53. b. Hippocampal commissure. The spinal cord ends at the level of L3 in the adult. all are correct EXCEPT: a. Cuneocerebellar tract. Regarding the anterior limb of the internal capsule. Contains nonfrontopontine fibers. Anterior commissure. c. The ventral 2/3 are supplied by the anterior spinal artery. Corpus callosum. d. Olivocerebellar tract. b. Cingulum. b. þÿ 52. d. all the statements are correct EXCEPT: a. Supplied by branches of the anterior cerebral and middle cerebral arteries. Gracile tract. Vestibulocerebellar tract. e. þÿ 55. Lies between head of the caudate nucleus and the lentiform nucleus. . c. Regarding the spinal cord. e. d. the dura mater ends at the level of S2 vertebra. Contains the anterior thalamic radiation. e. þÿ 54. The tract mediating unconscious proprioceptin from the upper limb to the cerebellum is: a. The conus medullaris is fixed to the coccyx by the filum terminale. Dorsal spinocerebellar tract. The commissural fibers of the brain include all of the following EXCEPT: a. In the adult.

e. d. c. b. Dorsal spinocerebellar tract. Dorsal spinocerebellar tract. Corticobulbar tract. þÿ 58. Lateral spinothalamic tract. c. Hypoglossal nerve.c. Corticospinal tract. Ventral spinocerebellar tract. b. c. Glossopharyngeal nerve. e. The crus cerebri of the midbrain contains all of the following fibers (tracts) EXCEPT: a. Gracile tract. . Pontocerebellar tract. d. The superior cerebellar peduncle contains one of the following tracts: a. Non-frontopontine fibers. e. c. Ventral spinocerebellar tract. Ventral spinothalamic tract. Olivocerebellar tract. d. þÿ 57. Cuneocerebellar tract. b. d. þÿ 56. Lateral spinothalamic tract. A lesion in the following cranial nerve causes dysphagia and hoarseness of voice: a. d. Facial nerve. The following tract mediates pain and temperature sensations from the body: a. Spinal accessory nerve. Frontopontine fibers. b. þÿ 59. Vagus nerve. Ventral spinocerebellar tract. Cuneocerebellar tract. e.

þÿ 60. Contralateral flaccid weakness in the upper limb. þÿ . one of the following is TRUE: a. The ventral nerve roots contain preganglionic autonomic fibers. Signs of Horner’s syndrome include all of the following EXCEPT: a. b. Ptosis. T6 spinal nerve exits below T6 vertebra. e. d. The anterior cerebral artery courses in the callosal sulcus. The spinal nerves are 31 pairs. The sacral nerve roots are shorter than the cervical nerve roots.e. þÿ 61. They are present in the subarachnoid space. Ipsilateral spinothalamic sensory loss in the upper limb. b. Dry skin of the ipsilateral side of the face. The middle cerebral artery courses in the lateral sulcus. c. d. C6 spinal nerve exits below C6 vertebra. Contralateral flaccid weakness in the lower limb. e. þÿ 62. b. e. b. Mydriasis. c. Regarding the cerebral arteries. one of the following is INCORRECT: a. Anhidrosis. c. c. Occlusion of the right anterior cerebral artery may cause paralysis of the left upper limb. d. Medial lemniscus. Regarding the spinal nerves. þÿ 63. e. Contralateral loss of proprioception from the lower limb. Contralateral spinothalamic sensory loss in the trunk and lower limb. d. Hemisection in the cervical spinal cord may cause one of the following: a. Enophthalmos. The posterior cerebral artery courses in the calcarine sulcus.

Lesion in area 22 causes receptive aphasia. Obstruction of the aqueduct of Sylvius causes dilatation of the lateral and third ventricles. Accomodation-convergence reflex is mediated by all of the following EXCEPT: a. Optic nerve and optic tract. e. Regarding the corticospinal tract.64. b. e. Lesion in area 8 causes contralateral conjugate deviation of both eyes. þÿ 66. One of the following statements is INCORRECT: a. c. Descends in the middle 3/5 of the crus cerebri. c. It takes origin from both primary motor and general sensory areas. b. one of the following is INCORRECT: a. þÿ 67. c. the cervical fibers are the most medial fibers. It contains about 100 ml of CSF. Irritative lesion in the uncus causes olfactory hallucination. Short ciliary nerves. b. d. e. þÿ 65. It represents the cavity of the neural tube. c. Lesion in the premotor area 6 causes apraxia. d. e. d. þÿ . The lateral ventricle is the cavity of the cerebral hemisphere. In the brainstem and the spinal cord. It contains choroids plexus that secrete the CSF. d. It is supplied by the vertebrobasilar system throughout its course. Edinger-Westphal nucleus. Lesion in Broca’s area in the dominant hemisphere causes motor aphasia. Regarding the ventricular system. Area 17. Decussates in the lower part of the medulla. b. one of the following is INCORRECT: a. Pretectal nucleus.

Babinski sign. c. Typical features of lateral medullary syndrome include all of the following EXCEPT: . d. All of the above. Flaccidity. e. þÿ 72. Tract/s which is/are important for maintaining the upright posture include: a. Signs of upper motor neuron lesion include all of the following EXCEPT: a. e. Fasciculations. c. Hyperreflexia. c. b. d. Pontine (medial) reticulospinal tract.68. b. Hypotonia þÿ 70. Ipsilateral loss of discriminative touch and kinesthesia. A and b only. Medullary (lateral) reticulospinal tract. b. Signs of lower motor neuron lesion include all of the following EXCEPT: a. þÿ 71. None of the above. Typical features of medial medullary syndrome include: a. All of the above. Atrophy of muscles. Hypertonia. Lateral vestibulospinal tract. e. c. d. Fibrillation. b. d. e. Contralateral hemiplegia. Spasticity. þÿ 69. Contralateral deviation of the protruded tongue. Clonus.

e. Accessory cuneate nucleus. c. Ataxia. Lesion in the inferior thalamic radiation causes contralateral loss of hearing. e. The inferior thalamic radiation carries auditory fibers to area 41 and 42. The following nuclei project their axons to the cerebellum EXCEPT: a.a. Clarke’s nucleus. þÿ 76. Spino-olivary tract. c. d. Dorsal spinocerebellar tract. Ventral spinocerebellar tract. Vertigo. e. c. Dysphagia. Contralateral loss of pain and temperature sensation from the face. b. Regarding the thalamic radiations. . The anterior thalamic radiation connects nuclei of the limbic system with the cerebral cortex. þÿ 74. Anterior horn cells of the spinal cord. d. An upper motor neuron lesion is a lesion in the: a. þÿ 75. d. A and c only. b. All of the above. b. b. Red nucleus. all are correct EXCEPT: a. e. Inferior olivary nucleus. The posterior thalamic radiation carries visual fibers to area 17. Contralateral loss of pain and temperature sensation from the body þÿ 73. Arcuate nucleus. Lesion in the posterior thalamic radiation causes contralateral homonymous hemianopia. d. c. Unconscious proprioception is mediated through: a.

Loss of sense of movement of the big toe. Destruction of the crossing fibers of the lateral spinothalamic tracts. An upper motor neuron lesion can occur in any one of the following EXCEPT: a. c. Motor area of the cerebral hemisphere. þÿ 80. þÿ 78. e. . Pyramidal and extrapyramidal tracts.b. Dilatation of the central canal. Peripheral nerve. þÿ 79. Destruction of the crossing fibers of the ventral spinothalamic tracts. All of the above. Lesion in the gracile tract causes all of the following in the ipsilateral side EXCEPT: a. In syringomyelia. e. d. d. Loss of sense of movement of the thumb. e. Loss of sense of vibration over the medial malleolus. A lower motor neuron lesion is a lesion in the: a. d. Crus cerebri of the midbrain. Loss of discriminative touch from the region of the umbilicus. All of the above. b. Bilateral loss of pain and temperature in the affected dermatomes. Bilateral loss of touch sensation in the affected dermatomes. c. Peripheral nerve. e. all are correct EXCEPT: a. Corticoispinal tract. Pyramid of the medulla. c. e. Ventral nerve root of the spinal nerve. c. A and b only. Anterior horn cells of the spinal cord. b. Loss of tactile localization over the front of the thigh. b. d. None of the above. b. Internal capsule. d. c. þÿ 77.

Ipsilateral loss of sense of movement. Loss of sense of movement of the right elbow joint. c. þÿ 84. Its lesion causes deviation of the protruded tongue to the same side as the lesion. b. c. b. The hypoglossal nerve: a. Clarke's nucleus transmits the following sensation: a. Loss of sense of flexion of the left index finger. d. Sense of movement of the upper limb to the cerebellum. c. e. Lesion in the medial lemniscus causes: a. Loss of sense of movement of the left shoulder joint. þÿ 82. Concerning the trigeminal nuclei.þÿ 81. one of the following is INCORRECT: a. Contralateral loss of pain and temperature sensation. d. Ipsilateral loss of pain and temperature sensation. b. Sense of movement of the upper limb to the cerebral hemisphere. e. e. Intact sense of extension of the right knee joint. Ipsilateral loss of discriminative touch. Pain and temperature sensation. Sense of movement of the lower limb to the cerebral hemisphere. Carries fibers from the2nd and 3rd cervical nerves. d. Contralateral loss of sense of movement. In lesions of the left cuneate tract. c. þÿ 83. e. d. Emerges between the olive and the inferior cerebellar peduncle. þÿ 85. b. Sense of movement of the lower limb to the cerebellum. Intact sense of pain from the left upper limb. Supplies all the muscles of the tongue. Carries taste sensation from the posterior third of the tongue. one is CORRECT: .

þÿ 87. d. d. b. Blindness. d. Optic chiasma. e. þÿ 89. c. e. d. Bitemporal hemianopia indicates a lesion in: a. Blindness. b. Optic tract. Optic nerve. Central part of the optic chiasma. Optic tract. Peripheral part of the optic chiasma. The main sensory nucleus is located in the medulla oblongata. They project to the ventral posterior lateral nucleus of the thalamus. Binasal hemianopia. The spinal nucleus extends in the spinal cord till the 6th cervical segment. þÿ 88. c. The mesencephalic nucleus conveys proprioceptive impulses from the muscles of mastication. The main sensory nucleus conveys pain and temperature sensations from the face. . A pituitary adenoma (tumor) may cause one of the following: a. c. Lateral geniculate body. b. Optic radiation. Contralateral homonymous hemianopia. e. c. Optic radiation. Primary visual area. Contralateral homonymous hemianopia with macular sparing.a. e. b. Contralateral homonymous hemianopia indicates a lesion in all of the following EXCEPT: a. þÿ 86. Bitemporal hemianopia. A vascular lesion of the primary visual area (17) may cause one of the following: a.

c. þÿ 90. Optic chiasma. . e. þÿ 93. d. d. Left optic nerve. Palatoglossus muscle. e. Nucleus ambiguous gives fibers to all of the following nerves EXCEPT: a. e. Right oculomotor nerve. Bitemporal hemianopia. Left optic radiation. c. Left pretectal nucleus. Vagus nerve. Stylopharyngeus muscle. c. Constrictor muscles of the pharynx. b. Constriction of the right pupil when light is directed at the left eye needs all of the following EXCEPT: a. All muscles of the larynx. Binasal hemianopia. c. Left pretectal nucleus. d. d. c. Right Edinger-Westphal nucleus. Recurrent laryngeal nerve. Cranial accessory nerve. Spinal accessory nerve. Constriction of the right pupil when light is directed at the left eye needs all of the following EXCEPT: a. b. Contralateral homonymous hemianopia. d. Left optic nerve. þÿ 91. Glossopharyngeal nerve. Nucleus ambiguous supplies all of the following muscles EXCEPT: a. e. Contralateral homonymous hemianopia with macular sparing. b.b. þÿ 92. Right Edinger-Westphal nucleus. Right optic nerve. b.

The dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus is located in the medulla oblongata. all are correct EXCEPT: a. all are correct EXCEPT: . The superior salivatory nucleus supplies the lacrimal gland. Fibers from the superior salivatory nucleus relay in the sphenopalatine ganglion. The superior salivatory nucleus supplies the submandibular salivary gland. e. d. all are correct EXCEPT: a. d. Nucleus solitarius receives all of the following EXCEPT: a. The inferior salivatory nucleus is located in the medulla oblongata. c. The Edinger-Westphal nucleus is located in the midbrain opposite the inferior colliculus. d. The Edinger-Westphal nucleus supplies the dilator pupillae muscle. Regarding the parasympathetic nuclei of the brainstem. e. Taste sensation from the posterior third of the tongue via the glossopharyngeal nerve.e. Taste sensation from the anterior two thirds of the tongue via the chorda tympani. þÿ 94. b. Fibers from Edinger-Westphal nucleus relay in the ciliary ganglion. b. Tensor palati. The inferior salivatory nucleus supplies the parotid gland. e. c. Regarding the parasympathetic nuclei of the brainstem. c. General sensation from the anterior two thirds of the tongue via the lingual nerve. Taste sensation from the epiglottis via the vagus nerve. General sensation from the viscera supplied by the vagus nerve. The superior salivatory nucleus is located in the pons. þÿ 95. þÿ 96. Regarding the parasympathetic nuclei of the brainstem. þÿ 97. b.

It receives auditory information from both ears but mainly from the opposite ear. Has parasympathetic fibers that relay in the sphenopalatine ganglion. d. It exits from the cerebello-pontine angle.a. all are correct EXCEPT: a. It supplies all muscles of the second pharyngeal arch. The anterior nucleus is part of the limbic system. The Edinger-Westphal nucleus gives fibers to the oculomotor nerve. all are correct EXCEPT: a. Fibers from the superior salivatory nucleus relay in the submandibular ganglion. It receives auditory information from the superior colliculus. e. Regarding the thalamic nuclei. A lesion causes bilateral diminution of hearing. The ventral posterior lateral nucleus receives the medial lemniscus. þÿ Authored by Dr Adel Bondok. The ventral anterior nucleus is connected with the motor and premotor areas. c. b. þÿ 98. Has sensory fibers that end in the nucleus solitarius. Fibers from the inferior salivatory nucleus pass through the deep petrosal nerve. Regarding the medial geniculate body. d. b. d. The medial nucleus is connected with the prefrontal cortex (personality center). b. Fibers from the inferior salivatory nucleus relay in the otic ganglion. c. e. It projects to the auditory area in the superior temporal gyrus. e. Regarding the facial nerve. d. Mansoura University. þÿ 99. Has motor nucleus that forms the facial colliculus. The dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus is present in the floor of the 4th ventricle. Egypt . þÿ 100. all are correct EXCEPT: a. e. c. The ventral posterior medial nucleus receives the spinal lemniscus. b. c. It projects through the sublenticular part of the internal capsule.

has neural connections with the pineal body þÿ 103. contains the tuber cinerueum e. The hypothalamus: a. forms part of the roof of the third ventricle c. growth hormone c. The human pituitary gland: a. The following hormones are secreted by the posterior pituitary gland: a. TSH b. is responsible for temperature regulation d. forms part of the mid-brain b. oxytocin . lies in the hypophyseal fossa of the sphenoid bone b. is entirely ectodermal in origin d. has independent vascular systems for the anterior and posterior lobe e. derives its blood supply from the circle of Willis c.*true or false: 101. has nerve connections with the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland þÿ 102.

has a spinal ganglion in each dorsal nerve root e. is situated above the optic nerve in the majority of patients b. contains a central canal c. if enlarged with adenoma can cause bitemporal hemianopia which is often larger superiorly than inferiorly c. prolactin þÿ 104. The pituitary gland : a. The adult spinal cord: a. extends to the sacrum b. is composed entirely of grey matter d. has a portal circulation d. increases in size during pregnancy þÿ 106.d. antidiuretic hormone e. contains pars nervosa in the anterior lobe e. The trigeminal nerve: . is covered by three protective membranes þÿ 105.

has a large sensory and a small motor root c. has maxillary division which is both sensory and motor þÿ 107. the mental nerve b. lies entirely in the extradural space. The maxillary nerve: a. the anterior ethmoidal nerve . þÿ 109. the zygomaticofacial nerve e. is medial to the internal carotid artery in the cavernous sinus b.a. contains parasympathetic synapses e. The trigeminal ganglion: a. has the internal carotid artery lying lateral to it c. lies in a depression on the petrous temporal bone b. þÿ 108. the supraorbital nerve d. supplies sensation to the lower lip e. has three autonomic ganglia associated with its terminal branches b. supplies sensation to the mucous membrane of the maxillary air sinus d. has a mandibular division which leaves the skull through the foramen rotundum e. carries taste fibres from the posterior one-third of the tongue d. supplies sensation to the lower eyelid. contains the cell bodies of the sensory fibres of the fifth cranial nerve d. Branches of the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve include: a. the infraorbital nerve c. enters the orbit through the superior orbital fissure c.

the facial artery d. the dentate nucleus c. the sublingual salivary gland. the cingulum b. þÿ 111. the hippocampal commissure e. The fibres that interconnect the two cerebral hemispheres include: a.þÿ 110. Postganglionic fibres from the submandibular ganglion supply: a. the geniculo-calcarine tract þÿ 113. taste buds on the tongue c. the caudate nucleus e. the corpus callosum d. Structures found within the cerebellum include: a. the emboliform nucleus d. the hyoglossus muscle b. The following structures are made up of the dura mater: . the amygdaloid body b. the globose nucleus þÿ 112. sweat glands in the skin of the chin e. the uncinate fasciculus c.

the lateral aspect of each cerebral hemisphere is supplied mainly by the middle cerebral artery . contralateral spastic hemiplegia can result from infarction of the lenticulostriate artery þÿ 115. tela choroidea b. The following are true with regard to the internal capsule: a. the posterior inferior cerebellar artery arises from the posterior cerebral artery b. the internal capsule is supplied by penetrating branches arising from the middle cerebral artery c.a. it is made up of grey matter b. falx cerebri þÿ 114. the diaphragma sellae d. With regard to cerebral circulation: a. the cisterna magna c. the posterior cerebral artery arises from the internal carotid artery d. the anterior limb separates the caudate nucleus from the lenticular nucleus c. fibres connecting the frontal lobe to the red nucleus are found in the posterior limb d. corticothalamic fibres are found in the anterior limb e. falx cerebelli e.

the inferior petrosal sinus drains into the external jugular vein þÿ .e.

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