Heavy Duty Refrigeration Compressors

KIRLOSKAR

Compressor applications
Fisheries/Meat, Fruits/Vegetables, Milk/Ice cream, Beverage/Breweries, Ice Plant, Chemical/Pharma

At the heart of food & beverage processing, preservation and industrial refrigeration

Manufacturing Facility. The international network in the Middle East. Australia has resulted in customer satisfaction abroad through trouble free operation of KC compressors. stress relieving furnaces and testing facilities. KPCL has a countrywide 'Sales & Service Network' for upkeep of every compressor it manufactures and every refrigeration package it builds. Hadapsar Manufacturing Facility. KPCL is a part of the 'KIRLOSKAR Group' known as the largest engineering conglomerate in India in the field of refrigeration. Lurgi. prime movers and tansmission.000 refrigeration & air-conditioning compressors are operating round the clock in India & abroad. We have an in-house foundry. CNC machining centres. KPCL has its Corporate Office & manufacturing facility in Pune (just 3 hours drive from India's Business Capital Bombay) KPCL has developed the required infrastructure to support all its manufacturing processes. With decades of experience and reliable performance of over 28. We are proud to be associated with multinationals like Pepsi. UHDE.000 compressors world-wide. fluid handling. packages and customised refrigeration systems in India. UOP-Inter Americana. sophisticated testing labs. Linde. We are now leading amongst the leaders in the manufacture of reciprocating open type refrigeration compressors. Coca-Cola.About Us Kirloskar Pneumatic Co Ltd ( KPCL) is known for over 50 years (since 1958) as the leading manufacturer of a wide range of refrigeration compressors. No wonder KPCL is a full-fledged member of International Institute of Ammonia Refrigeration (IIAR). South East Asia. Unilever. Nestle. National Thermal Power Stations and many more. Reliance. we have earned the trust of many customers. gas & air-compression. engineered sets. Saswad Machining Facility Metrology Lab Machining Centres CNC Machines Computerised Co-ordinate Measuring Machine Heat Treatment In-house Foundry Systems Packaging Line Systems Testing Line . Over 28. Our commitment to quality & reliability offers products to the customers that give the best value for money. Oil & Natural Gas Commission.

KC 84 . Designed n to operate with Ammonia. ice plants. process refrigeration liquefaction plants. cold storages. R22 & other HFC refrigerants. Ideally n suitable for continuous duty. KC 72. K5 Valves for Closing & Opening Gauge Lines of LP HP OP Water intlet connection to Cylinder Jacket Cylinder Head Covers Suction Gas & Crankcase Pressure Equalising Line Inspection Doors Suction Gas Strainer housing flange to remove strainer Discharge Oil Filter Housing for Paper Filter Oil Pump (twin gear type) TAH Valve for oil draining Suction Oil Filter Housing for wire gauze filter KCX series compressors are available in air cooled version KCX I Stage Compressor Discharge Gas Outlet to Condenser Discharge Pressure Safety Valve Connected to Suction Line Suction Gas Inlet from Evaporator Discharge Gas Pipe/Manifold Suction Gas Piping Manifold Capacity Control Solenoid Valves Cylinder Head Covers K5 Valves for Closing & Opening Gauge Lines of LP HP OP Air cooled Cylinder Blocks without Jacket Cooling Inspection Doors Suction Gas Strainer Housing Flange to remove Strainer Engineered Set -Belt Drive Discharge Filter Housing for Paper Filter Oil Pump (internal gear type) TAH Valve for Oil Draining Suction Oil Filter Housing for wire gauze filter Accessories Engineered Set .Direct Drive V-belt Drive Base Frame for Compressor Oil Separator Shut-off Valves Gauge/Cutout Board Assembly Crankcase Heater KC 2 KCX2 KC 3 KC 21 KCX3 KC 4 KC 31 KCX4 KC 6 KC 51 KC 42 KCX6 KC 9. KC 102.KC I & KC II Stage Compressor Interstage Cooling System A connected to Compressor Second Stage Suction Inlet Second Stage Discharge Gas Outlet to Condenser Liquid Injection Port First Stage Discharge Outlet First Stage Suction Gas Inlet from Evaporator Discharge Gas Pipe/Manifold Water outlet connection from Cylinder Jacket Capacity Control Solenoid Valves Kirloskar KC/KCX Series Compressors KC/KCX reciprocating compressors are: Available in single stage as well as two stage versions n Most nsuitable for industrial refrigeration and low temperature applications. etc. KC 93. KC 63 KC 12.

The Pump incorporates a differential pressure regulator to provide separate pressures for two oil systems: lubrication system and control oil system. vibration-free running. Fine boring and honing results in a mirror smooth running surface. alloy iron. Minimum oil consumption is ensured by providing three compression rings & two oil scraper rings per piston . Kirloskar Genuine Spares and User Friendly Spares Kits in Blue preprinted Cartons & Pouches with 3D Hologram Lubrication System & Filter Forced lubrication by a gear pump. Rapid heat dissipation. the suction valve ring is lifted from its seat in the cylinder collar by spring tension. Kirloskar Genuine Spares with 3D hologram. The nodular iron connecting rod is drilled through for pressure lubrication of the piston pin Steel backed white metal shells on big end and bronze bearing on small end of connecting rod. allowing the suction valve ring to descend on its seat effects loading or cylinder. Main bearings are white metal lined steel backed bushes. resulting in smooth. Easy maintenance as piston/connecting rod assembly can be removed without removing the cylinder liner. The complete assembly can be removed from the top for servicing without withdrawing the cylinder liner Extra safety is ensured by built-in sight glass. Minimum inventory for spares since most parts are identical throughout the KC-series compressors. The use of sinusoidal springs together with precision machined and lapped surface results in a trouble-free operation for a remarkably long time. 5 Quick operation is guaranteed by the use of dynamically balanced crankshaft. Automatically operating hydraulic delay valve ensures complete unloaded start. 8 3 Easy cleaning of the suction gas strainer is another example of easy maintenance philosophy behind KC series compressors. Gas tight and impact proof Smooth internal surfaces guarantee the good oil condition. Piston/Connecting Rod Assembly Perfect sealing and low oil consumption due to 3 compression and 2-oil scrapper rings on each aluminium piston.thus minimising oil through discharge gas line Cylinder Liner and Suction Valve Interchangeable cylinder liners are made of fine-grained. pressed into the cast iron bearing covers. A metal gauze suction filter element and a throwaway discharge paper filter cartridges are provided for excellent filtering capacity of the lubricating oil Welded Steel Crankcase Low in weight. Each crankshaft is dynamically balanced together with the counter weights. Crankshaft and Main Bearings Bearing surfaces of the high quality nodular cast iron crankshaft are groundto fine tolerances. Admitting controlled oil pressure to the control piston. Intermediate bearing blocks are provided with split type bearing shell of the same type. A hydraulic mechanical suction valve lifting mechanism on each individual cylinder achieves loading and unloading. 3 Trouble-free long running life due to highly effective oil purification by two filters. Quick maintenance Parts subjected to wear are easily accessible through large service doors with minimum special tools. For unloading. driven directly by the Crankshaft. Inside gauze strainer element can be easily removed. making oil return flow visible. 1 2 Quality adaptable to varying operating conditions Each cylinder is equipped with a hydraulically operated valve lifting mechanism giving absolutely reliable capacity control and 100% unloaded starting.Take a good look inside the compressor KC Series Safety 1 9 2 is ensured by bult-in arrangement of buffer spring which protects compressor from incidental liquid hammer. centrifugally cast. . 4 5 6 7 8 9 7 4 6 Salient Features of Construction Discharge Valve Assembly Three concentric discharge valve rings ensure ample gas passage at low lifting height.

Inside gauze strainer element can be easily removed. . Crankshaft and Main Bearings Bearing surfaces of the high quality nodular cast iron crankshaft are ground to fine tolerances. resulting in smooth. Minimum inventory for spares since most parts are identical throughout the KC-series compressors. Extra safety is ensured by built-in sight glass. The nodular iron connecting rod is drilled through for pressure lubrication of the piston pin Steel backed white metal shells on big end and bronze bearing on small end of connecting rod. Main bearings are white metal lined steel backed bushes. making oil return flow visible. Intermediate bearing blocks are provided with split type bearing shell of the same type. Welded Steel Crankcase Low in weight Rapid heat dissipation Gas tight and impact proof Smooth internal surfaces guarantee good oil condition.Take a good look inside the compressor KCX Series 1 2 Safety is ensured by bult-in arrangement of buffer spring which protects compressor from incidental liquid hammer. Quick operation is guaranteed by the use of dynamically balanced crankshaft. alloy iron. Easy maintenance as piston/connecting rod assembly can be removed without removing the cylinder liner. A hydraulic mechanical suction valve lifting mechanism on each individual cylinder achieves loading and unloading. The complete assembly can be removed from the top for servicing without withdrawing the cylinder liner Kirloskar Genuine Spares and User Friendly Spares Kits in Blue preprinted Cartons & Pouches with 3D Hologram Cylinder Liner and Suction Valve Interchangeable cylinder liners are made of finegrained. Piston/Connecting Rod Assembly Perfect sealing and low oil consumption due to 3 compression and 2-oil scrapper rings on each aluminium piston. Lubrication System & Oil Filter Forced Lubrication by an Internal Gear pump directly driven by the Crankshaft. Minimum oil consumption is ensured by providing three compression rings & two oil scraper rings per piston .thus minimising oil through discharge gas line Discharge Valve Assembly Three concentric discharge valve rings ensure ample gas passage at low lifting height. A Metal gauze suction filter element and a throwaway discharge paper filter cartridges are provided for excellent filtering capacity of the lubricating oil. centrifugally cast. Each crankshaft is dynamically balanced together with the counter weights. pressed into the cast iron bearing covers. 1 9 2 Quality adaptable to varying operating conditions Each cylinder is equipped with a hydraulically operated valve lifting mechanism giving absolutely reliable capacity control and 100% unloaded starting. For unloading. vibration-free running. 7 5 6 Salient Features of Construction 4 Quick maintenance Parts subjected to wear are easily accessible through large service doors with minimum special tools. The Pump incorporates two differential pressure regulators to provide separate pressures for two oil systems: Lubrication system and control oil system for operating cylinder loading unloading mechanism. Fine boring and honing results in a mirror smooth running surface. Admitting controlled oil pressure to the control piston. The use of sinusoidal springs together with precision machined and lapped surface results in a trouble-free operation for a remarkably long time. the suction valve ring is lifted from its seat in the cylinder collar by spring tension. 3 Easy cleaning of the suction gas strainer is another example of easy maintenance philosophy behind KC series compressors. allowing the suction valve ring to descend on its seat effects loading or cylinder. Automatically operating solenoid valve ensures complete unloaded start of compressor. 3 8 4 5 6 7 8 9 Trouble-free long running life due to highly effective oil purification by two filters.

58 488.2 79.6 63.4 233.829 1.045 Ice (block) Making Capacity* with Ammonia (Tonnes/day) TPD 19.16 687.4 398.8 271.8 68.42 105.5 232.98 88. 40°C.5 90.86 220.5 -226 217.72 772.1 530.53 224.5 424.49 162.8 131.6 54.81 186.3 212.2 195.422 0.37 886.51 171.44 196.8 154 145.1 134.4 Direction of Rotation Anti-Clockwise looking from flywheel end Maximum Discharge Pressure bar 21 21 21 21 21 21 Oil Charge Capacity L 9 10 12 13 20 32 Cooling Water Flow for each Cylinder Jacket (for KC series only) 8 LPM/Cyl at water inlet temp.1 134.7 117.6 63.67 591.4 251.03 566.1 204.04 1069.67 531.65 278.05 461.14 Qo kW 283.6 288.9 142.6 260.1 43.7 92.Technical Data for Single Stage Compressors Compressor Model KC2/KCX2 KC3/KCX3 KC4/KCX4 KC6/KCX6 KC9 KC12 Cylinder Arrangement 1XV 1XW 2XV 2XW 3XW 4XW Number of Cylinders 2 3 4 6 9 12 Cylinder Bore mm 160 160 160 160 160 160 Piston Stroke mm 110 110 110 110 110 110 Permissible Speed Belt Drive from 400 to 1000 rpm in steps of 50 Swept Volume at 1000 rpm m3/hr 265.4 121.8 31.9 249. 30°C.28 265.7 73.79 295.23 419.74 354.26 1385.1 40.35 1118.07 176.07 177.4 64.3 336.28 156.7 82 78 73.6 -1223.07 469.95 1251.2 47.74 372.2 92.2 172.33 139.98 625.67 312.4 147.19 81.74 132.4 36.5 159.7 229.1 175.84 210.56 474.594 0.m2 0.35 1063.6 97.56 197.3 78.3 145.5 59.5 187.53 221.79 331.21 501.356 0.3 137.2 72. Make up temperature at 24°C maximum.2 267.9 1698.14 375.1 84.8 117.02 132.3 117.19 443.6 158.07 692.4 1325.3 212. Weight of Compressor (Without Flywheel) kg 435/445 535/545 665/675 900/910 1245 1585 Moment of Inertia GD2 of crank mechanism kg.67 712.7 186.58 838.98 475.3 52.8 -300.74 633.3 38.19 323.3 130.3 39.84 664.1 241.4 1273.58 242.1 210.4 Qo kW 237.93 209.2 248.53 89.3 45.6 222 40°C Pe kW 46.446 0.72 441.9 174.1 125.9 54.81 515.91 938.3 201. 15 LPM/Cyl at water inlet temp.93 312.74 208.7 107.4 751..6 305.6 43 38.6 -76.5 62.3 – Pe kW 51.07 838.91 257.9 229.5 247.95 836.7 -101.91 629.12 394.1 201.7 -815.1 189.7 91.98 727.49 279. 0°C Subcooling.7 59.6 993.1 68.8 69.19 366.6 85.95 798.4 59.1 -407.28 356.65 515.6 171 139.7 186.09 161.6 1039. in °C 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 R-22 CondensingTemperature 35°C Qo kW 250.8 295.5 87.7 662.8 49.1 321.5 57.53 346.26 261.7 100 95.33 529.72 672.9 112.6 265.5 29.79 244.2 222.5 *At -15°C/+40°C.28 417.28 485 392.3 43.7 69 63.1 Power Consumption kW 40.67 559.1 108.8 126.2 – KC2/KCX2 KC3/KCX3 KC4/KCX4 KC6/KCX6 KC9 KC12 .6 88.7 Qo kW 271.3 1592.1 Pe kW 51 48.4 78.9 217 202.98 418.44 589.8 796.8 71.07 504.5 116.6 40.6 165.81 177.19 158.2 1194.65 168.21 343.1 849.5 66.5 72.7 46.6 103.5 90. Rating Chart for Single Stage Compressors Compressor Model Refrigerant Evaporating Temp.1 75.6 230.35 229.5 221.2 148.28 279.19 NH3 CondensingTemperature 40°C 35°C Pe kW 55.9 54. 0°C Superheating and 1000 rpm.63 1030.56 970 785.56 209.21 529.8 111.3 -1631.7 49.07 886.8 46.7 269.19 396.4 135.16 264.5 -543.4 97.58 208.28 295.77 111.35 1182.3 182.16 1425.35 396.6 75 -151.02 343.3 84 75.7 282.81 104.1 267.0 58.53 1127.1 106.67 114.37 316.8 288.47 625.8 124.4 137 125.4 161.3 167.86 1503.2 84.8 47 43.6 37.02 627.

in °C -20 -25 -30 -35 -40 -45 -50 -55 -60 -25 -30 -35 -40 -45 -50 -55 -60 -20 -25 -30 -35 -40 -45 -50 -55 -60 -35 -40 -45 -50 -55 -60 -20 -25 -30 -35 -40 -45 -50 -55 -60 -30 -35 -40 -45 -50 -55 -60 -20 -25 -30 -35 -40 -45 -50 -55 -60 -25 -30 -35 -40 -45 -50 -55 -60 -35 -40 -45 -50 -55 -60 R-22 Condensing Temperature 35°C Qo kW – 97.6 70.m2 Rating Chart for Two Stage Compressors (injection interstage gas cooling .7 35.6 34.8 30.6 46.1 57.1 70.9 170 154.7 98.2 – 113. 5.1 324.3 68.2 39.7 116 100.8 142.6 23.7 45.2 141.5 95.2 148.5 64.7 53.8 102.4 28.4 – – – 125.2 81.8 – – – – 55 49.6 82.8 62.2 178.2 90.5 77.1 51.5 152.6 195.9 72 60.4 47.829 1.3 -364.2 37.9 1194.1 33. 40°C.6 – 326.7 40°C Pe kW – 48.8 – 191.8 43.4 – – – 86.1 307.2 73.2 117. For booster compressor ratings please contact KPCL.5 103.5 46.2 72. Extrapolation for the ratings for further 5°C possible. Although every effort has been made to maintain accuracy in the data given.1 104.5 40.5 63.1 59.3 140.9 138. For any condition outside the range given above please refer to us Note: We reserve the right to modify the specifications in accordance with improved designs.1 30.6 73.8 193.3 75.5 67.7 182.9 218.4 108.9 – 119.7 89.6 230.5 47.5 155.1 97.2 108.8 78.7 – 321.5 47.9 124.5 58. at water inlet temp.5 59.5 – – 80.7 186.7 46.7 82.5 45.7 20.7 – 60 53.8 108.4 132.7 – 200.4 200.7 137.5 78.5 41.6 185.594 0.594 0.2 39.1 36.2 140.2 55.9 45.9 – 109 90.9 68.7 66.1 45.3 135.2 103.8 182.3 80.1 103.8 93.2 88.1 20.1 37.9 88.4 – 206.8 95.6 104.4 37.8 48.2 159.3 88 69.8 – – – – 236.8 – 175.3 143.2 928.4 40. 30°C & 15 LPM Cyl.8 50.1 28.0 21 32 1585 1. Capacity is at 5°C non useful superheat gained in suction line for NH3 7.7 90.9 40.9 59 51.1 161.5 – 194.3 27.9 126 109.3 109.7 – 186.1 153.8 217.1 43.4 83.4 – 287.3 133.3 76.8 – – – 150.9 27.9 132 104.3 228.1 – 383.3 118.9 – – – – 108.9 163.5 176 139.3 36.6 68.5 129 114.1 111.7 41.1 26.9 119.7 128 116.4 90.3 34.6 77.422 KC42 KC51 KC63 KC72 KC93 2XW 2XW 3XW 3XW 4XW 4/2 5/1 6/3 7/2 9/3 160 160 160 160 160 110 110 110 110 110 Belt Drive from 400 to 1000 rpm in steps of 50 398.9 109.8 Pe kW – 45.4 184.9 315.5 – – 240.3 32.6 387 304.8 78.7 92.7 57.1 59.2 – – – 101.4 139.2 Qo kW – 96 80 66 53.5 32.4 – 139.1 66.Power Consumption and Capacities are proportional to the speed.1 75.2 – 489. however care is to be taken to ensure that discharge gas temperature does not exceed above 140°C.4 105.4 38.5 143.9 240.045 KC31 2XV 3/1 160 110 KC102 4XW 10/2 160 110 1327.3 44.4 78.6 53.7 263.4 83.5 – 175. the figures are in no way binding.1 40.Qo = Refrigeration Effect (Cooling Capacity) in kW/hr 2.5 162.5 318.9 108.2 143 108.2 82.1 83.2 102.4 40.6 – 88.4 Qo kW 122.4 24.5 47.3 367 292.1 138.4 41.6 82.2 27.4 179 137 103 – – – 238.6 – 389.1 264 215.8 243.4 – – – 51.1 138.6 40.3 20.6 – – -120.7 109.2 43 38.2 86.9 – – 171.1 43.9 91.7 27.4 – – – – 133.2 88.7 34.6 109.3 26.2 173.5 106.5 164.7 164 130.3 – – – 403.446 0.3 106.3 Anti-Clockwise looking from flywheel end 21 21 21 21 21 21 12 13 13 20 20 32 8 LPM/Cyl at water inlet temp. 8. .3 102.1 58.6 – – 485.2 107 81. Capacity is at 5°C useful superheat for R-22 6.5 58.8 81.4 – 202.1 132.4 177.5 36.2 – – – -64 55.8 61.4 21 10 535 0.4 33.8 54.9 83.1 198 161.6 188.3 – – – – 160.8 59.4 75.9 27.6 36 31.5 45.3 92.1 – 131.8 63.1 133.1 530.8 – 56.6 50.9 96 82.4 21.7 63.2 71.9 94.829 0.2 124.3 91.1 87.2 89.8 103.9 270.7 121.9 62.3 71.8 65.6 142.5 81 62.7 106.6 74.4 96.9 – 166.09 61.8 663.4 133.3 81.1 35°C Pe kW 41.3 – – – 134.3 390.8 31.2 290.3 51.7 59.2 61.7 – 158.7 – – -60.2 141.4 – 107.6 267.6 119.6 105.9 160 132 107.5 79.9 – 94.2 44.9 122.1 67 54.3 51.8 54.7 72.3 39.Technical Data for Two Stage Compressors Compressor Model Cylinder Arrangement Number of Cylinders .3 82 65.9 35 – – 244.3 97.4 33.4 129.System C) Compressor Model Refrigerant Evaporating Temp.3 70.3 32.3 – 197.4 – 291.5 236.3 26.4 104.6 119.6 80.5 78.5 74 – NH3 CondensingTemperature 40°C Pe kW 44.8 105.1 33.9 101.7 93.5 69.7 Qo kW 121.6 248.4 37. Interpolation of ratings is permissible.5 76.3 67.1 137.8 106.7 46.LP/HP Cylinder Bore.3 52.6 44 34.8 52.6 245.2 130.5 86 78.1 116.8 104.6 65 – KC21 KC31 KC42 KC51 KC63 KC72 KC84 KC93 KC102 Notes: 1.LP & HP Piston Stroke LP & HP Permissible Speed Swept Volume (LP CYL) at 1000 rpm Direction of Rotation Maximum Discharge Pressure Oil Charge Capacity Cooling Water Flow for each Cylinder Jacket Weight of Compressor (Without Flywheel) Moment of Inertia GD2 of Crank mechanism KC21 1XW 2/1 160 110 265.6 – – 119.9 48.2 238.2 52.3 75 62.7 167.2 190.2 58.6 29 25.1 144.6 52.4 – – – 242.8 76.4 37.2 38.2 100.9 80.1 116.5 40. Capacity is at 1000 rpm 4.3 105.5 221.7 – – – 237.2 – – – -118.5 62.4 86.8 – 140.9 103.1 80.045 mm mm m3/hr bar L kg kg.2 26. Pe = Power required at compressor shaft in kW 3.8 320.4 117.7 70.3 38.5 175. 665 900 900 1245 1245 1585' 0.9 78 68.1 90.4 54.6 -129. Please contact KPCL for further assistance.5 796.2 130.9 80.4 181 – – – – 399.5 100 85.8 157.7 102.4 – 133.3 85.6 93 78.6 86.7 27.

some of which are used as refrigerants in Refrigerating System. safety devices. Fax: +91-20-26876487. Further number of accidents on account of using Ammonia as refrigerant.net KC000002V0509 . There is a downside though. careful selection of components. Phone: +91-20-26727000. At Kirloskar. WORLDWIDE ACCEPTANCE ISO 9001:2000 ISO 14001:2004 OHSAS 18001:2007 Kirloskar Refrigeration KIRLOSKAR PNEUMATIC CO. Further. 26870634 INTERNATIONAL MARKETING Phone: +91-20-26870133. UK has resulted in Customer Satisfaction abroad through trouble free of KC/KCX operation.net. the Ozone layer. Email: imd@kpcl. Pune 411 013.net. SWEDEN CANADA UK FRANCE USA SYRIA IRAQ CHINA GUATEMALA KUWAIT IRAN PAKISTAN NEPAL QATAR EGYPT SAUDI BANGLADESH UAE TAIWAN INDIA MYANMAR OMAN ARABIA VIETNAM THAILAND YEMEN SUDAN CAMBODIA PHILIPPINES MALAYSIA NIGERIA SRI LANKA SINGAPORE UGANDA KENYA TANZANIA INDONESIA AUSTRALIA The International Sales and Service network in Middle East. which is the most eco-friendly refrigerant having zero global warming potential (GWP) and zero ozone depletion potential (ODP). we know that with our good design. Ammonia is a self-warning refrigerant in case of minor leaks too. over the years. 26870341. webmaster@kpcl. LTD. India. we always remain committed to a safer and healthier world for all of us. In particular.Commitment to our planet earth There is widespread anxiety today concerning damage to the environment due to industrial and commercial activities.e. caused by Chlorofluoro Carbons (CFCs) & similar other man-made gases. Hadapsar Industrial Estate. By wearing protective mask and gloves during maintenance work the possibility of health hazard can be totally eliminated. Due to its pungent smell. South East Asia. proper installation and service procedures none of the above obstacles are insurmountable. manu-facturing to commissioning of a refrigeration system. as supported by official records. Australia. However. At present. Ammonia is a preferable refrigerant since it is a natural substance. We sometimes use R-22 which has a relatively low ODP (0. acrpgmktg@kpcl. is very low. Thus. it has become our undeclared policy to promote Ammonia as refrigerant. Europe. at Kirloskar the future is indeed in safe hands since we ensure that environment friendly processes are adhered to from designing.05) but we are committed to discontinue its use as specified by the Montreal Protocol. Firstly Ammonia is toxic and secondly it is combustible. Fax: +91-20-26870297. there is a global awareness about the destruction of the earth’s protective shield i.

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