Gulliver’s Travels

Jonathan Swift
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The Project Gutenberg Etext of Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift Project Gutenberg Project Gutenberg Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Information about Project Gutenberg (one page) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Information prepared by the Project Gutenberg legal advisor** (three pages) THE SMALL PRINT!**FOR PUBLIC DOMAIN ETEXTS . . . . . . . . . . . . BEFORE! YOU USE OR READ THIS ETEXT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ABOUT PROJECT GUTENBERG-TM ETEXTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . LIMITED WARRANTY; DISCLAIMER OF DAMAGES . . . . . . . . . . INDEMNITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DISTRIBUTION UNDER “PROJECT GUTENBERG-tm” . . . . . . . . WHAT IF YOU WANT TO SEND MONEY EVEN IF YOU DON'T HAVE TO? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gulliver’s Travels, Jonathan Swift Gulliver’s Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World THE PUBLISHER TO THE READER. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A LETTER FROM CAPTAIN GULLIVER TO HIS COUSIN SYMPSON. . . . . PART I–A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT. CHAPTER I. . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER II. . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER III. . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER IV. . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER V. . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER VI. . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER VII. . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER VIII. . . . . . . . . . . . PART II. A VOYAGE CHAPTER I. . . . CHAPTER II. . . . CHAPTER III. . . . CHAPTER IV. . . . CHAPTER V. . . . CHAPTER VI. . . CHAPTER VII. . . CHAPTER VIII. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 2 3 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 7 7 8 9 11 12 18 24 29 32 36 42 47 50 51 59 63 69 72 78 84 88

TO BROBDINGNAG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .




PART III. A VOYAGE TO LAPUTA, BALNIBARBI, LUGGNAGG, GLUBBDUBDRIB, AND JAPAN. 94 CHAPTER I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 CHAPTER II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 CHAPTER III. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 CHAPTER IV. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 CHAPTER V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 CHAPTER VI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 CHAPTER VII. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 CHAPTER VIII. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 CHAPTER IX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 CHAPTER X. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 CHAPTER XI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 PART IV – A VOYAGE CHAPTER I. . . . . CHAPTER II. . . . . CHAPTER III. . . . . CHAPTER IV. . . . . CHAPTER V. . . . . CHAPTER VI. . . . CHAPTER VII. . . . CHAPTER VIII. . . . CHAPTER IX. . . . CHAPTER X. . . . . CHAPTER XI. . . . CHAPTER XII. . . . TO THE COUNTRY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OF THE HOUYHNHNMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 140 144 148 152 156 160 165 170 174 178 183 188 191

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Gulliver's Travels

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I will be ready to gratify him. after the manner of travellers. yet I have heard him say his family came from Oxfordshire. And if any traveller hath a curiosity to see the whole work at large. he left the custody of the following papers in my hands. where he now lives retired. The style is very plain and simple. hoping they may be. Gulliver had spoken it. that it became a sort of proverb among his neighbours at Redriff. in Nottinghamshire. RICHARD SYMPSON. But I was resolved to fit the work as much as possible to the general capacity of readers. that Mr. together with the minute descriptions of the management of the ship in storms. and indeed the author was so distinguished for his veracity. Although Mr. than the common scribbles of politics and party. wherein I have reason to apprehend. Mr. if my own ignorance in sea affairs shall have led me to commit some mistakes. where his father dwelt. it was as true as if Mr. to whom. Before he quitted Redriff. By the advice of several worthy persons. I alone am answerable for them. and the only fault I find is. About three years ago. I now venture to send them into the world. when any one affirmed a thing. as well as to the variations and bearings in the several voyages. a better entertainment to our young noblemen. Lemuel Gulliver. several tombs and monuments of the Gullivers. at least for some time. his native country. [As given in the original edition. is my ancient and intimate friend. is a little too circumstantial. I communicated these 8 . to confirm which. as it came from the hands of the author.] The author of these Travels. near Newark. if I had not made bold to strike out innumerable passages relating to the winds and tides. Gulliver may be a little dissatisfied. that the author. to say. made a small purchase of land. 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 SiSU www. As for any further particulars relating to the author.gutenberg. However. There is an air of truth apparent through the whole. in the style of sailors. yet in good esteem among his neighbours. there is likewise some relation between us on the mother's side. Gulliver was born in Nottinghamshire. likewise the account of longitudes and latitudes. with the liberty to dispose of them as I should think fit. Mr. I have carefully perused them three times. Gulliver growing weary of the concourse of curious people coming to him at his house in Redriff.Gulliver's Travels THE PUBLISHER TO THE READER. the reader will receive satisfaction from the first pages of the book. I have observed in the churchyard at Banbury in that county. with a convenient house. This volume would have been at least twice as large. with the author's permission.

particularly a paragraph about her majesty Queen Anne. and much less that any thing should be inserted. after above six months warning. but to punish every thing which looked like an innuendo (as I think you call it). I do here renounce every thing of that kind. by my advice. as I had reason to expect. or minced or changed them in such a manner. be applied to any of the Yahoos. and correct the style. with 13 14 15 16 17 SiSU 9 . that people in power were very watchful over the press. I cannot learn that my book has produced one single effect according to my intentions. or your interpolator. WRITTEN IN THE YEAR 1727. although I did reverence and esteem her more than any of human species. in the next place.gutenberg. or feared. to suffer my travels to be published. and those the rational creatures? And indeed to avoid so monstrous and detestable a sight was one principal motive of my retirement hither.Gulliver's Travels A LETTER FROM CAPTAIN GULLIVER TO HIS COUSIN SYMPSON. I hope you will be ready to own publicly. and at about five thousand leagues distance. But. so that you have made me say the thing that was not. and to the trust I reposed in you. in another reign. I desired you would let me know. therefore. Pray bring to your mind how often I desired you to consider. the first whereof was the lord of Godolphin. When I formerly hinted to you something of this in a letter. Thus much I thought proper to tell you in relation to yourself. and several passages of my discourse to my master Houyhnhnm. as my cousin Dampier did. and the second the lord of Oxford. But you. by a letter. she did govern by a chief minister. and apt not only to interpret. for. at least in this little island. Likewise in the account of the academy of projectors. pray how could that which I spoke so many years ago. the fact was altogether false. who now are said to govern the herd. you have either omitted some material circumstances. very much against my own opinion. in being prevailed upon by the entreaties and false reasoning of you and some others. when party and faction were extinguished. with directions to hire some young gentleman of either university to put them in order. ought to have considered. especially at a time when I little thought. of most pious and glorious memory. being in England during some part of her majesty's reign. that it was not my inclination. that by your great and frequent urgency you prevailed on me to publish a very loose and uncorrect account of my travels. as if they were brutes. in his book called “A Voyage round the world. the unhappiness of living under them? Have not I the most reason to complain. when you insisted on the motive of public good. instead of seeing a full stop put to all abuses and corruptions.” But I do not remember I gave you power to consent that any thing should be omitted. as to the latter. behold. nay even by two successively. that the Yahoos were a species of animals utterly incapable of amendment by precept or example: and so it has proved. whenever you shall be called to it. I do. that I do hardly know my own work. pleaders honest and modest. when I see these very Yahoos carried by Houyhnhnms in a vehicle. so was it not decent to praise any animal of our composition before my master Houyhnhnm: And besides. for to my knowledge. judges learned and upright. complain of my own great want of judgment. you were pleased to answer that you were afraid of giving offence.

gutenberg. I cannot help it. if ever there should be a second edition: and yet I cannot stand to them. nor now in use. and memoirs. if their natures had been capable of the least disposition to virtue or wisdom. which you may insert. and good sense. the physicians banished. And it must be owned. In my first voyages. wherein I see myself accused of reflecting upon great state folk. 10 . all disgracers of the press in prose and verse condemned to eat nothing but their own cotton. And is there less probability in my account of the Houyhnhnms or Yahoos. I firmly counted upon by your encouragement. and quench their thirst with their own ink. for some of them will not allow me to be the author of my own travels. that the Houyhnhnms and Yahoos have no more existence than the inhabitants of Utopia. and a thousand other reformations. which the latter change every year. and have gone so far as to drop hints. or the facts I have related concerning them. nor day of the month: and I hear the original manuscript is all destroyed since the publication of my book. that seven months were a sufficient time to correct every vice and folly to which Yahoos are subject. These. of my several voyages and returns. of degrading human nature (for so they have still the confidence to style it). while I was young. And I observe. wit. I was instructed by the oldest mariners. neither have I any copy left: however. I find likewise that your printer has been so careless as to confound the times. and Smithfield blazing with pyramids of law books. when any Yahoo comes from London out of curiosity to visit me at my house. so far have you been from answering my expectation in any of your letters. the young nobility's education entirely changed. I should have great reason to complain. like the land ones. I find likewise that the writers of those bundles are not agreed among themselves. the female Yahoos abounding in virtue. as I remember upon each return to my own country their old dialect was so altered. courts and levees of great ministers thoroughly weeded and swept. that I could hardly understand the new. and Laputa. But I have since found that the sea Yahoos are apt. truth. that on the contrary you are loading our carrier every week with libels. I hear some of our sea Yahoos find fault with my sea-language. and not erroneously Brobdingnag). I have never yet heard of any Yahoo so presumptuous as to dispute their being. to become new. and second parts. nor the true month.Gulliver's Travels some tincture of common sense. as indeed they were plainly deducible from the precepts delivered in my book. that as to the people of Lilliput. who 18 19 20 21 SiSU www. insomuch. and keys. because the truth immediately strikes every reader with conviction.fangled in their words. that some of them are so bold as to think my book of travels a mere fiction out of mine own brain. merit. I have sent you some corrections. and learned to speak as they did. Indeed I must confess. as not proper in many parts. honour. neither assigning the true year. we neither of us are able to deliver our conceptions in a manner intelligible to the other. and others make me author of books to which I am wholly a stranger. Brobdingrag (for so the word should have been spelt. but shall leave that matter to my judicious and candid readers to adjust it as they please. when it is manifest as to the latter. there are so many thousands even in this country. and of abusing the female sex. and mistake the dates. and learning rewarded. If the censure of the Yahoos could any way affect me. and reflections.

1727 22 23 24 PART I--A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT. it is well known through all Houyhnhnmland. April 2. because they use a sort of jabber. and do not go naked? I wrote for their amendment. and not their approbation. by the instructions and example of my illustrious master.gutenberg. degenerate as they are. than the neighing of those two degenerate Houyhnhnms I keep in my stable. some corruptions of my Yahoo nature have revived in me by conversing with a few of your 11 . that I am so degenerated as to defend my veracity? Yahoo as I am. by an unavoidable necessity. so deeply rooted in the very souls of all my species. especially the Europeans. that since my last return. 25 SiSU www. that. I have other complaints to make upon this vexatious occasion. I must freely confess. I was able in the compass of two years (although I confess with the utmost difficulty) to remove that infernal habit of lying.Gulliver's Travels only differ from their brother brutes in Houyhnhnmland. and particularly those of my own family. Do these miserable animals presume to think. but I forbear troubling myself or you any further. deceiving. else I should never have attempted so absurd a project as that of reforming the Yahoo race in this kingdom: But I have now done with all such visionary schemes for ever. shuffling. and equivocating. I still improve in some virtues without any mixture of vice. The united praise of the whole race would be of less consequence to me. because from these.

Having therefore consulted with my wife. to which Mr. and some of my acquaintance. by the strength of my memory. who was making a voyage to the South Sea. 1699. and when I was ashore. [The author gives some account of himself and family. hosier. Bates. I accepted an advantageous offer from Captain William Prichard. with whom I received four hundred pounds for a portion. where I resided three years. Mr. to trouble the reader with the particulars of our 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 SiSU www. May 4. and made several voyages. and swims for his life. being always provided with a good number of books. When I came back I resolved to settle in London. by which I got some addition to my fortune. and intended to stay at home with my wife and family. and a promise of thirty pounds a year to maintain me at Leyden: there I studied physic two years and seven months. Gets safe on shore in the country of Lilliput. but the charge of maintaining me. for six years.] My father had a small estate in Nottinghamshire: I was the third of five sons. His first inducements to travel. and carried up the country. Mary Burton. I determined to go again to sea. I was surgeon successively in two ships. I got forty pounds. in observing the manners and dispositions of the people. as I always believed it would be. and I having few friends. and our voyage was at first very prosperous. Bates. second daughter to Mr. encouraged me. and other parts of the mathematics. to the East and West Indies. My father now and then sending me small sums of money. The last of these voyages not proving very 12 . master of the Antelope. and applied myself close to my studies. useful to those who intend to travel. Captain Abraham Pannel. We set sail from Bristol. is made a prisoner. I was recommended by my good master. although I had a very scanty allowance. I was bound apprentice to Mr. He is shipwrecked. and by him I was recommended to several patients. for some reasons. making a voyage or two into the Levant. and from thence to Wapping. But my good master Bates dying in two years after. I removed from the Old Jewry to Fetter Lane. by the assistance of him and my uncle John. knowing it would be useful in long voyages. my fortune to do. I married Mrs. James Bates. He sent me to Emanuel College in Cambridge at fourteen years old. with whom I continued four years. an eminent surgeon in London. It would not be proper. I grew weary of the sea. my business began to fail. hoping to get business among the sailors. When I left Mr. Bates. being too great for a narrow fortune. in Newgate-street.gutenberg. to be surgeon to the Swallow. ancient and modern. and some other parts. Soon after my return from Leyden. my master. and being advised to alter my condition. After three years expectation that things would mend. commander. and some other relations.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER I. with whom I continued three years and a half. My hours of leisure I spent in reading the best authors. Edmund Burton. I took part of a small house in the Old Jewry. wherein I had a great facility. I laid them out in learning navigation. for my conscience would not suffer me to imitate the bad practice of too many among my brethren. but it would not turn to account. as well as learning their language. some time or other. I went down to my father: where.

and by this time the storm was much abated. struggling to get loose. which I conjectured was about eight o'clock in the evening. being already spent with labour while we were in the ship. and about half a pint of brandy that I drank as I left the ship. let it suffice to inform him. as well as of those who escaped on the rock. I could only look upwards. as the reader may believe. but was not able to stir: for. which advancing gently forward over my breast. could see nothing except the sky. and was pushed forward by wind and tide. by my computation. In a little time I felt something alive moving on my left leg. I found myself much inclined to sleep. we were driven by a violent storm to the north-west of Van Diemen's Land. by lifting it up to my face. that I walked near a mile before I got to the shore. and my hair. that we were driven directly upon it. I discovered the SiSU www. We therefore trusted ourselves to the mercy of the waves. for when I awaked. and roared so loud. and the heat of the weather. I swam as fortune directed me. but could not discover any sign of houses or inhabitants. as I was afterwards told. for. For my own part. the rest were in a very weak condition. We rowed. I was in the utmost astonishment. I was extremely tired. and able to struggle no longer. However. it was just day-light. and a quiver at his back. as I happened to lie on my back. but the wind was so strong. I cannot tell. were hurt with the falls they got by leaping from my sides upon the ground. as I reckoned. I felt at least forty more of the same kind (as I conjectured) following the first. bending my eyes downwards as much as I could. about three leagues. where I slept sounder than ever I remembered to have done in my life. What became of my companions in the boat. tied down in the same manner. and the light offended my eyes. when. and some of them. but in the posture I lay. The declivity was so small. and wrench out the pegs that fastened my left arm to the ground. about nine hours. Six of the crew. with a bow and arrow in his hands. we found ourselves in the latitude of 30 degrees 2 minutes south. made a shift to get clear of the ship and the rock. I heard a confused noise about me. the seamen spied a rock within half a cable's length of the ship. the weather being very hazy. but conclude they were all lost. and in about half an hour the boat was overset by a sudden flurry from the north. and immediately split. I had the fortune to break the strings.gutenberg. and could feel no bottom. that I did not observe them. In the mean time. having let down the boat into the sea. till we were able to work no longer. which was the beginning of summer in those parts. who ventured so far as to get a full sight of my face. Twelve of our crew were dead by immoderate labour and ill food. and one of them. but then I knew not what they meant. that in our passage from thence to the East Indies. cried out in a shrill but distinct voice. On the 5th of November. which was very short and soft. or were left in the vessel. but when I was almost gone. Hekinah degul: the others repeated the same words several times. that they all ran back in a fright. and. I attempted to rise. in great uneasiness. I then advanced forward near half a mile. By an observation. I perceived it to be a human creature not six inches high. of whom I was one. I likewise felt several slender ligatures across my body. At length. which was long and thick. and with that. I found my arms and legs were strongly fastened on each side to the ground. I often let my legs 13 . came almost up to my chin. I lay down on the grass. I found myself within my depth. from my arm-pits to my thighs. I lay all this while. the sun began to grow hot.Gulliver's Travels adventures in those seas. at least I was in so weak a condition. lifting up his hands and eyes by way of admiration. they soon returned.

I had reason to believe I might be a match for the greatest army they could bring against me. that before the principal person began his oration. my left hand being already loose. He descended from the stage. as well as the pegs and strings would permit me. and some on my face. and of observing the person and gesture of him that was to speak. if they were all of the same size with him that I saw. which I immediately covered with my left hand. and my design was to continue so till night. But the creatures ran off a second time. lifting up my left hand. I a little loosened the strings that tied down my hair on the left side. as calling him for a witness. which gave me the liberty of turning it to the right. with two or three ladders to mount it: from whence one of them. I heard a knocking for above an hour. (though I felt them not). before I could seize them. by the noise I heard. I answered in a few words. He acted every part of an 14 . and being almost famished with hunger. The hurgo (for so they call a great lord. and besides.gutenberg. having not eaten a morsel for some hours before I left the ship. I knew their numbers increased. they shot another flight into the air. I fell a groaning with grief and pain. There SiSU www. and taller than any of the other three who attended him. the other two stood one on each side to support him. which they could not pierce. as I afterwards learnt) understood me very well. and about four yards from me. when turning my head that way. over against my right ear. He appeared to be of a middle age. But fortune disposed otherwise of me. I thought it the most prudent method to lie still. which had been provided and sent thither by the king's orders. and some of them attempted with spears to stick me in the sides. whereupon. and I could observe many periods of threatenings. whereof one was a page that held up his train. when. whereof many. and seemed to be somewhat longer than my middle finger. like that of people at work. When this shower of arrows was over. but could not distinguish them by the taste. When the people observed I was quiet. and then striving again to get loose.Gulliver's Travels methods they had taken to bind me. as we do bombs in Europe. I suppose. I could easily free myself: and as for the inhabitants. But I should have mentioned. on which above a hundred of the inhabitants mounted and walked towards my mouth. and kindness. and at the same time with a violent pull. I observed there was the flesh of several animals. that I could not forbear showing my impatience (perhaps against the strict rules of decency) by putting my finger frequently to my mouth. I found the demands of nature so strong upon me. but in the most submissive manner. and after it ceased I heard one of them cry aloud Tolgo phonac. he cried out three times. pricked me like so many needles. I saw a stage erected about a foot and a half from the ground. made me a long speech. upon the first intelligence he received of me. laden with baskets full of meat. to signify that I wanted food. but by good luck I had on a buff jerkin. immediately. which gave me excessive pain. and others of promises. but. about fifty of the inhabitants came and cut the strings that fastened the left side of my head. who seemed to be a person of quality. and commanded that several ladders should be applied to my sides. which. when in an instant I felt above a hundred arrows discharged on my left hand. they discharged no more arrows. whereupon there was a great shout in a very shrill accent. Langro dehul san (these words and the former were afterwards repeated and explained to me). and both my eyes to the sun. whereof I understood not one syllable. fell on my body. pity. capable of holding four of the inhabitants. so that I was just able to turn my head about two inches. they discharged another volley larger than the first.

which probably might not be the worst they could do. Hekinah degul. Borach mevolah. shaped like those of mutton. I confess I was often tempted. spoke about ten minutes without any signs of anger. His excellency. about the bigness of musket bullets. when I felt the smart of their arrows upon my face and hands. whither it was agreed by his majesty in council that I must be conveyed. then rolled it towards my hand. one of their largest hogsheads. but to no purpose. crying aloud. for it did not hold half a pint. and many of the darts still sticking in them. that I wanted drink. without trembling at the very sight of so prodigious a creature as I must appear to them. and observing likewise that the number of my enemies increased. and very well dressed. and tasted like a small wine of Burgundy. Besides. advanced forwards up to my face. with frequent SiSU www. to seize forty or fifty of the first that came in my reach. legs. Upon this. but first warning the people below to stand out of the way. and producing his credentials under the signet royal. which I drank in the same manner. who durst venture to mount and walk upon my body. They made me a sign that I should throw down the two hogsheads.soon drove out these imaginations. which he applied close to my eyes. when they observed that I made no more demands for meat. with about a dozen of his retinue. with great dexterity. They found by my eating that a small quantity would not suffice me. and beat out the top. Soon after I heard a general shout. as I afterwards found. I gave tokens to let them know that they might do with me what they pleased. the hurgo and his train withdrew. for he shook his head by way of disapprobation. I drank it off at a draught. they shouted for joy. It appeared that he understood me well enough. there was a universal shout of Hekinah degul. having mounted on the small of my right leg. They brought me a second hogshead. but again. they slung up. After some time. but they had none to give me. and danced upon my breast. while one of my hands was at liberty. but much more delicious. and took three loaves at a time. and loins. to a people who had treated me with so much expense and magnificence. which I might well do. I answered in few words. about half a mile distant. but smaller than the wings of a lark. and when they saw the vessels in the air. When I had performed these wonders. which. But the remembrance of what I had felt. and made a sign with my hand that was loose. but with a kind of determinate resolution. and the promise of honour I made them--for so I interpreted my submissive behaviour-. he made other signs to let me understand that I should have meat and drink enough. I now considered myself as bound by the laws of hospitality. which were all in blisters. and being a most ingenious people. repeating several times as they did at first. putting it to the other (but over his excellency's head for fear of hurting him or his train) and then to my own head and body. showing a thousand marks of wonder and astonishment at my bulk and appetite. and held his hand in a posture to show that I must be carried as a prisoner.Gulliver's Travels were shoulders. in my thoughts I could not sufficiently wonder at the intrepidity of these diminutive mortals. there appeared before me a person of high rank from his imperial majesty. and dash them against the ground. They supplied me as fast as they 15 . I then made another sign. and made signs for more. However. while they were passing backwards and forwards on my body.gutenberg. However. I ate them by two or three at a mouthful. Whereupon I once more thought of attempting to break my bonds. was towards the capital city. often pointing forwards. with much civility and cheerful countenances. to signify that I desired my liberty. and very good treatment.

as they were not able to make resistance. and thus. and has them carried on these engines three or four hundred yards to the 16 . were fastened by hooks to many bandages. which. for the carriage of trees and other great weights. I slept about eight hours. disposed me to sleep. my hands. were employed to 33 34 35 SiSU www. moving upon twenty-two wheels. who is a renowned patron of learning. as I was afterwards assured. the emperor had early notice of it by an express. and to ease myself with making water.) that plenty of meat and drink should be sent to me. for the physicians. Eighty poles. in the woods where the timber grows. so they could expect no mercy. they had daubed my face and both my hands with a sort of ointment. This prince has several machines fixed on wheels. I should certainly have awaked with the first sense of smart. However. it seems.Gulliver's Travels repetitions of the words Peplom selan. it was extremely prudent. as well as generous: for. It was brought parallel to me. by many pulleys fastened on the poles. (which was done in the night while I slept. had mingled a sleepy potion in the hogsheads of wine. of the bigness of packthread. He often builds his largest men of war. and I am confident would not be imitated by any prince in Europe on the like occasion. in less than three hours. my body. and very strong cords. This resolution perhaps may appear very bold and dangerous. by the force of that soporiferous medicine infused into my liquor. to avoid the torrent.gutenberg. while I was asleep. by the emperor's order. were erected for this purpose. and there tied fast. who. and a machine prepared to carry me to the capital city. But before this. about seven feet long. for. as I lay. and determined in council. These people are most excellent mathematicians. The shout I heard was upon the arrival of this engine. very pleasant to the smell. that I should be tied in the manner I have related. each of one foot high. These circumstances. removed all the smart of their arrows. immediately opened to the right and left on that side. to the great astonishment of the people. which the workmen had girt round my neck. Five hundred carpenters and engineers were immediately set at work to prepare the greatest engine they had. which might so far have roused my rage and strength. I lay in a profound sleep. that upon the first moment I was discovered sleeping on the ground. But the principal difficulty was to raise and place me in this vehicle. supposing these people had endeavoured to kill me with their spears and arrows. whereof some are nine feet long. which fell with such noise and violence from me. which. All this I was told. I was raised and slung into the engine. and my legs. as to have enabled me to break the strings wherewith I was tied. each about four inches and a half high. and I felt great numbers of people on my left side relaxing the cords to such a degree. and arrived to a great perfection in mechanics. Nine hundred of the strongest men were employed to draw up these cords. after my landing. and four wide. It was a frame of wood raised three inches from the ground. while the operation was performing. which I very plentifully did. that I was able to turn upon my right. It seems. in a few minutes. which were very nourishing. and it was no wonder. in my opinion. conjecturing by my motion what I was going to do. set out in four hours after my landing. by the countenance and encouragement of the emperor. Fifteen hundred of the emperor's largest horses. after which. added to the refreshment I had received by their victuals and drink.

and it was three weeks before I knew the cause of my waking so suddenly. came out to meet us. having been polluted some years before by an unnatural murder. according to the zeal of those people. When the workmen found it was impossible for me to break loose. At the place where the carriage stopped there stood an ancient temple. and made me sneeze violently. and all his court. and gave me not only the liberty of walking backwards and forwards in a semicircle. they cut all the strings that bound me. with many principal lords of his court. they climbed up into the engine. in spite of my guards. whereupon I rose up. and therefore had been applied to common use. esteemed to be the largest in the whole kingdom. there was a turret at least five feet high. half with torches. I believe there could not be fewer than ten thousand at several times.gutenberg. but. as I said. for the carriage being stopped a while. But a proclamation was soon issued. The emperor. like those that hang to a lady's watch in Europe. allowed me to creep in. was half a mile distant. and all the ornaments and furniture carried away. one of them. at seeing me rise and walk. and almost as large. looked upon as profane. We made a long march the remaining part of the day. put the sharp end of his half-pike a good way up into my left nostril. which. was. Here the emperor ascended. About four hours after we began our journey. and almost two feet wide. ready to shoot me if I should offer to stir. as I was told. The great gate fronting to the north was about four feet high. for I could not see them. which were locked to my left leg with six-and-thirty padlocks. not above six inches from the ground: into that on the left side. and. to adjust something that was out of order. which. rested at night with five hundred guards on each side of 17 . with as melancholy a disposition as ever I had in my life. In this edifice it was determined I should lodge. two or three of the young natives had the curiosity to see how I looked when I was asleep. at twenty feet distance. On each side of the gate was a small window. but his great officers would by no means suffer his majesty to endanger his person by mounting on my body. on the other side of the great highway. But the noise and astonishment of the people. It was reckoned that above a hundred thousand inhabitants came out of the town upon the same errand. The chains that held my left leg were about two yards long. The next morning at sun-rise we continued our march. being fixed within four inches of the gate. and advancing very softly to my face. Over against this temple. who mounted my body by the help of ladders.Gulliver's Travels draw me towards the metropolis. 36 37 SiSU www. I awaked by a very ridiculous accident. through which I could easily creep. and half with bows and arrows. whereupon they stole off unperceived. an officer in the guards. and arrived within two hundred yards of the city gates about noon. are not to be expressed. the king's smith conveyed fourscore and eleven chains. to forbid it upon pain of death. and. which tickled my nose like a straw. and lie at my full length in the temple. to have an opportunity of viewing me.

for which I cannot but hope the candid reader will give some allowance. and his sword and pistols taken from him. at the full extent of my chain. which was no wonder. When he alighted. if I had not thought it necessary to justify my character. was to creep into my house. to call in question. upon this and other occasions. I was under great difficulties between urgency and shame.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER II. He gains favour by his mild disposition. He ordered his cooks and butlers. which I accordingly did. I looked about me. I am told. he surveyed me round with great admiration. may appear not very momentous. to perform that business in open air. while his majesty had time to dismount. The best expedient I could think of. some of my maligners have been pleased. who is an excellent horseman. which were generally forty feet square. and ten with liquor. attended by several of the nobility. and the distress I was in. for the beast. and due care was taken every morning before company came. resembled so many beds of flowers. and I emptied the liquor of ten vessels. The emperor was already descended from the tower. and shutting the gate after me. reared up on its hinder feet: but that prince. [The emperor of Lilliput. I took these vehicles and soon emptied them all. and advancing on horseback towards me. The country around appeared like a continued garden. which was contained in earthen vials. SiSU www. as soon as I rose. which looked like the painted scene of a city in a theatre. I came back out of my house. appeared to be seven feet high. I would not have dwelt so long upon a circumstance that. and so I did with the rest.] When I found myself on my feet. When this adventure was at an end. I went as far as the length of my chain would suffer. which appeared as if a mountain moved before him. and must confess I never beheld a more entertaining prospect. after he has maturely and impartially considered my case. The emperor's person and habit described. From this time my constant practice was. into one vehicle. having occasion for fresh air. but upon the accident that happened to 1 38 39 40 41 42 A stang is a pole or perch. as I could judge. attended by many ladies. each of the former afforded me two or three good mouthfuls. at first sight.1 and the tallest trees. twenty of them were filled with meat. sixteen feet and a half. to give me victuals and drink. kept his seat. which they pushed forward in a sort of vehicles upon wheels.gutenberg. to the world. comes to see the author in his confinement. who were already prepared. His pockets are searched. and held the bridle. till his attendants ran in. and young princes of the blood of both sexes. I had been for some hours extremely pressed by the necessities of nature. perhaps. and the enclosed fields. Learned men appointed to teach the author their language. But this was the only time I was ever guilty of so uncleanly an action. but kept beyond the length of my 18 . that the offensive matter should be carried off in wheel-barrows. I viewed the town on my left hand. drinking it off at a draught. it being almost two days since I had last disburdened myself. till I could reach them. and discharged my body of that uneasy load. which. The empress. in point of cleanliness. by two servants appointed for that purpose. sat at some distance in their chairs. though very well trained. These fields were intermingled with woods of half a stang. which had like to have cost him dear. yet wholly unused to such a sight.

and I returned answers: but neither of us could understand a syllable. The poor man squalled terribly. Six hundred beds of the common measure were brought in carriages. French. so that my face was parallel to his. it was almost three inches long. He is taller by almost the breadth of my nail. and his deportment majestic. and the fashion of it between the Asiatic and the European. whereof one very narrowly missed my left eye. made up the breadth and length. and I spoke to them in as many languages as I had the least smattering of. sewn together. Spanish. After about two hours the court retired. His features are strong and masculine. For the better convenience of beholding him. with an Austrian lip and arched nose. taking them one by one out of my pocket. His imperial majesty spoke often to me. his complexion olive. and as to the sixth.Gulliver's Travels the emperor's horse. which I am now going to describe. He was then past his prime. who were very impatient to crowd about me as near as they durst. and worked up in my house. and immediately cutting the strings he was bound with. By 43 SiSU www. The ladies and courtiers were all most magnificently clad. and therefore cannot be deceived in the description. the emperor gave orders to have a bed prepared for me. pushing them forward with the butt-ends of their pikes into my reach. of which he had reigned about seven in great felicity. He held his sword drawn in his hand to defend himself. his countenance erect. his body and limbs well proportioned. as I sat on the ground by the door of my house. and a plume on the crest. but all to no purpose. and away he ran. His voice was shrill. and some of them had the impudence to shoot their arrows at me. and I was left with a strong guard. and thought no punishment so proper as to deliver them bound into my hands. during which time. a hundred and fifty of their beds. which was represented very much to my advantage at court. Italian. put five of them into my coat-pocket. all his motions graceful. But the colonel ordered six of the ringleaders to be seized. adorned with jewels. if I should happen to break loose. I made a countenance as if I would eat him alive. for. and I could distinctly hear it when I stood up. but he had on his head a light helmet of gold. so that the spot they stood upon seemed to resemble a petticoat spread upon the ground. than any of his court. and came near his person. which some of his soldiers accordingly did. to prevent the impertinence. embroidered with figures of gold and silver. His dress was very plain and simple. I lay on my side. and continued to do so about a fortnight.gutenberg. who were commanded to address themselves to me. and he stood but three yards off: however. I treated the rest in the same manner. I took them all in my right hand. Towards night I got with some difficulty into my house. kept me but very indifferently from the hardness of the 19 . I set him gently on the ground. the hilt and scabbard were gold enriched with diamonds. and Lingua Franca. but very clear and articulate. that was of smooth stone. looking mildly. which were High and Low Dutch. and probably the malice of the rabble. I have had him since many times in my hand. they alighted. however. especially when they saw me take out my penknife: but I soon put them out of fear. Latin. and generally victorious. and these were four double: which. which alone is enough to strike an awe into the beholders. where I lay on the ground. and the colonel and his officers were in much pain. There were several of his priests and lawyers present (as I conjectured by their habits). and I observed both the soldiers and people were highly delighted at this mark of my clemency. being twenty-eight years and three quarters old.

and wine. they provided me with sheets. and other liquors. his majesty gave assignments upon his treasury:. raising any subsidies upon his 20 . several officers of the army went to the door of the great council-chamber. to deliver in every morning six beeves. by my patience and discreet behaviour.Gulliver's Travels the same computation.” which I every day repeated on my knees. except upon great occasions. and I was afterwards assured by a particular friend. and two of them being admitted. that I should be used with all kindness. by several proclamations and orders of state. swear a peace with him and his kingdom. and not presume to come within fifty yards of my house.” that is. that the court was under many difficulties concerning me.gutenberg. and the first words I learnt. that the emperor's horses. and in about three weeks I made a great progress in learning their language. was. “that this must be a work of time. As the news of my arrival spread through the kingdom. for the due payment of which. nine hundred yards round the city. tolerable enough for one who had been so long inured to hardships. Sometimes they determined to starve me. It was likewise ordered. In the midst of these consultations. We began already to converse together in some sort. His answer. that an imperial commission was issued out. who was as much in the secret as any. However. without license from the court. or at least to shoot me in the face and hands with poisoned arrows. in my behalf. during which time the emperor frequently honoured me with his visits. and that first I must lumos kelmin pesso desmar lon emposo. together with a proportionable quantity of bread. it brought prodigious numbers of rich. forty sheep. obliging all the villages. who are bound to attend him in his wars at their own expense. to accustom themselves to me. and was pleased to assist my masters in teaching me. and tents built for them very conveniently on each side of my door. and probably spread through the whole kingdom. In the mean time the emperor held frequent councils. should be frequently exercised in my sight. and other victuals for my sustenance. blankets. but again they considered. gave an account of my behaviour to the six criminals above-mentioned. which would soon despatch me. and those of the nobility and troops of guards. and coverlets. after the fashion of the country. the good opinion of himself and his subjects. that six of his majesty's greatest scholars should be employed to instruct me in their language. who had board-wages allowed for their maintenance. against this inconveniency. which made so favourable an impression in the breast of his majesty and the whole board. An establishment was also made of six hundred persons to be my domestics. if his imperial majesty had not provided. a person of great quality. to debate what course should be taken with me. as I could comprehend it. All these orders were duly put in execution. whereby the secretaries of state got considerable fees. He directed that those who had already beheld me should return home. were to express my desire “that he would please give me my liberty. and curious people to see me. seldom. and might cause a famine. and lastly.for this prince lives chiefly upon his own demesnes. that three hundred tailors should make me a suit of clothes. idle. that the stench of so large a carcass might produce a plague in the metropolis. so that the villages were almost emptied. not to be thought on without the advice of his council.” He desired “I would 44 45 SiSU www. and great neglect of tillage and household affairs must have ensued. that my diet would be very expensive. And he advised me to “acquire. They apprehended my breaking loose.

These gentlemen. about twice the bigness of our heads. that my comrade and I could hardly lift them. were so large and heavy. some of the white. for probably I might carry about me several weapons. as we stood at the bottom of his pocket. which we humbly conceive to be writings. about them. fastened to a strong piece of timber larger than the pillar.gutenberg. were huge pieces of iron sticking out. “that. One of them was covered.” I said. resembling the pallisados before your majesty's court: wherewith we conjecture the man. the searchers. In the left pocket. that he knew this could not be done without my consent and assistance. of different bulk. This inventory I afterwards translated into English. made an exact inventory of every thing they saw. large enough to be a foot-cloth for your majesty's chief room of state. word for word. and turn up my pockets before him. some part whereof flying up to our faces set us both a sneezing for several times together. Within each of these was enclosed a prodigious plate of steel. without difficulty. desired I would set them down. if he gave orders to certain proper officers to search me. because we apprehended they might 46 SiSU www. by which they meant my breeches. should be returned when I left the country. and he had so good an opinion of my generosity and justice.Gulliver's Travels not take it ill. In one of my fobs there was a silver watch. and in the other a small quantity of gold in a purse. or paid for at the rate which I would set upon them. wherein I had some little necessaries that were of no consequence to any but myself. and upon one side of the pillar. which I had no mind should be searched. we found only one great piece of 21 . and paper. folded one over another. and is. by our orders. and then into every other pocket about me. by the laws of the kingdom. as to trust their persons in my hands. having pen. ink. with a cover of the same metal. for we did not always trouble him with questions. In the left pocket were two black pillars irregularly shaped: we could not. In the large pocket. I must be searched by two of his officers. another engine of the same kind. we obliged him to show us. and part in signs. which seemed to be silver. He replied. which must needs be dangerous things. that whatever they took from me. tied with a strong cable. as follows: “Imprimis: In the right coat-pocket of the great man-mountain” (for so I interpret the words quinbus flestrin. and another secret pocket. put them first into my coat-pockets. which we. and marked with black figures. were not able to lift.) “after the strictest search. found himself up to the mid leg in a sort of dust.) “we saw a hollow pillar of iron. which. because we found it a great difficulty to make him understand us. and when they had done. “His majesty should be satisfied.” I took up the two officers in my hands. In his right waistcoat-pocket we found a prodigious bundle of white thin substances. In the left pocket we saw a huge silver chest. if they answered the bulk of so prodigious a person.” This I delivered part in words. on the right side of his middle cover” (so I translate the word ranfulo. reach the top of them. that they might deliver it to the emperor. We desired it should be opened. every letter almost half as large as the palm of our hands. for I was ready to strip myself. about the length of a man. cut into strange figures. about the bigness of three men. In the left there was a sort of engine. were several round flat pieces of white and red metal. In the smaller pocket on the right side. and one of us stepping into it. from the back of which were extended twenty long poles. and seemed all of a piece: but at the upper end of the other there appeared a white round substance.mountain combs his head. which we know not what to make of. except my two fobs.

and cast it on the ground as gently as I could. exceeding bright. but I did not observe it. and the reflection dazzled their eyes. which. we saw certain strange figures circularly drawn. but we are more inclined to the latter opinion. and due respect to your majesty's commission. we observed a girdle about his waist made of the hide of some prodigious animal. was less daunted than I could expect: he ordered me to return it into the scabbard. He called it his oracle. (if we understood him right. who used us with great civility. if they be real gold. but of no great bulk or weight. and on the right. from which. which appeared to be a globe. He first called for my scimitar. CLEFRIN FRELOCK. about six feet from the end of my chain. In one of these cells were several globes. in most parts. diligently searched all his pockets. Signed and sealed on the fourth day of the eighty-ninth moon of your majesty's auspicious reign.Gulliver's Travels be dangerous engines. His majesty. for. He then desired me to draw my scimitar. till we found our fingers stopped by the lucid substance. to deliver up the several particulars. In the mean time he ordered three thousand of his choicest troops (who then attended him) to surround me at a distance. but contrived to open and shut like a purse.gutenberg. and half of some transparent metal. with a wonderful kind of engine at the bottom. The next thing he demanded was one of the hollow 47 48 49 50 SiSU www. and told us. half silver. although in very gentle terms. on the transparent 22 . From the left fob he took out a net almost large enough for a fisherman. they were two large slits cut into the top of his middle cover. and immediately all the troops gave a shout between terror and surprise. who is a most magnanimous prince. and cut his meat with the other. he directed me. because he assured us. about the bigness of our heads. He put this engine into our ears. We directed him to draw out whatever was at the end of that chain. like that of a water. for we could hold above fifty of them in the palms of our hands. and served him for the same use: we found therein several massy pieces of yellow metal. or balls. for he expressed himself very imperfectly) that he seldom did any thing without consulting it. I did so. He took them out of their cases. and thought we could touch them. which made an incessant noise. a bag or pouch divided into two cells.mill: and we conjecture it is either some unknown animal. of a most ponderous metal. or the god that he worships. must be of immense value. hung a sword of the length of five men. “Having thus. MARSI FRELOCK. which. although it had got some rust by the sea water.” When this inventory was read over to the emperor. but squeezed close by the pressure of his belly. it pointed out the time for every action of his life. with their bows and arrows just ready to discharge. for mine eyes were wholly fixed upon his majesty. in obedience to your majesty's commands. was. There were two pockets which we could not enter: these he called his fobs. Out of the right fob hung a great silver chain. each cell capable of holding three of your majesty's subjects. and requiring a strong hand to lift them: the other cell contained a heap of certain black grains. and said. for the sun shone clear. which I took out. “This is an exact inventory of what we found about the body of the man-mountain. scabbard and all. that in his own country his practice was to shave his beard with one of these. on the left side. as I waved the scimitar to and fro in my hand.

my handkerchief and journal-book. although he stood his ground. happened to escape wetting in the sea (an inconvenience against which all prudent mariners take special care to provide. for it would kindle with the smallest spark. as well as I could. one private pocket. which the emperor was very curious to see. and at his desire. my comb and silver snuff-box. which. expressed to him the use of it. my purse. by which he meant my pocket pistols. by the closeness of my pouch. I drew it out. which escaped their search. and the motion of the minute-hand. and charging it only with powder.gutenberg. My scimitar. I did not think myself bound in honour to discover. I likewise delivered up my watch. I had as I before observed.Gulliver's Travels iron pillars. which. as the reader may well imagine without my repeating.) I first cautioned the emperor not to be afraid. although indeed I could not very perfectly understand them. but the rest of my goods were returned me. and some other little conveniences. for their sight is much more acute than ours: he asked the opinions of his learned men about it. The astonishment here was much greater than at the sight of my scimitar. 51 SiSU www. could not recover himself for some time. He was amazed at the continual noise it made. I delivered up both my pistols in the same manner as I had done my scimitar. were conveyed in carriages to his majesty's stores. which he could easily discern. and commanded two of his tallest yeomen of the guards to bear it on a pole upon their shoulders. wherein there was a pair of spectacles (which I sometimes use for the weakness of mine eyes. as draymen in England do a barrel of ale. begging him that the former might be kept from fire. and some smaller ones.) a pocket perspective. my knife and razor. and then I let it off in the air. and pouch. and then my pouch of powder and bullets. and blow up his imperial palace into the air. with nine large pieces of gold. and even the emperor. Hundreds fell down as if they had been struck dead. which were various and remote. I then gave up my silver and copper 23 . pistols. being of no consequence to the emperor. and I apprehended they might be lost or spoiled if I ventured them out of my possession.

had not weakened the force of his fall. The author has his liberty granted him upon certain conditions. and twelve inches from the ground. and are not always of noble birth. one is blue. The emperor lays on the table three fine silken threads of six inches long. without falling. Upon which I shall desire liberty. and whoever jumps the highest. The emperor had a mind one day to entertain me with several of the country shows. Very often the chief ministers themselves are commanded to show their skill.gutenberg. that accidentally lay on the ground. is allowed to cut a caper on the straight rope. a year or two before my arrival. and let five or six of them dance on my hand. and first minister. at least an inch higher than any other lord in the whole empire. extended about two feet. the second after the treasurer. either by death or disgrace (which often happens. [The author diverts the emperor. in my opinion. or liberal education. upon a trencher fixed on a rope which is no thicker than a common packthread in England. succeeds in the 24 . I would sometimes lie down. which is only shown before the emperor and empress. I took all possible methods to cultivate this favourable disposition. and high favour at court. upon particular occasions. I myself have seen two or three candidates break a limb. whereof great numbers are on record. the rest of the great officers are much upon a par. in a very uncommon manner. the other red. when the ministers themselves are commanded to show their dexterity. principal secretary for private affairs. both for dexterity and magnificence. and to convince the emperor that they have not lost their faculty. and indeed upon the army and people in general.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER III. that I began to conceive hopes of getting my liberty in a short time. But the danger is much greater.) five or six of those candidates petition the emperor to entertain his majesty and the court with a dance on the rope. My friend Reldresal. if one of the king's cushions. The natives came. wherein they exceed all nations I have known. They are trained in this art from their youth. Flimnap. by contending to excel themselves and their fellows.] My gentleness and good behaviour had gained so far on the emperor and his court. I was diverted with none so much as that of the rope-dancers. These threads are proposed as prizes for those persons whom the emperor has a mind to distinguish by a peculiar mark of his favour. I have seen him do the summerset several times together. The diversions of the court of Lilliput described. When a great office is vacant. with the reader's patience. if I am not partial. and some of them two or three. to be less apprehensive of any danger from me. and his nobility of both sexes. the treasurer. I had now made a good progress in understanding and speaking the language. is. they strain so far that there is hardly one of them who has not received a fall. and the third green. This diversion is only practised by those persons who are candidates for great employments. performed upon a slender white thread. These diversions are often attended with fatal accidents. to enlarge a little. for. The ceremony is performed 52 53 54 55 56 57 SiSU www. Flimnap would infallibly have broke his neck. There is likewise another diversion. I was assured that. and at last the boys and girls would venture to come and play at hide-and-seek in my hair. by degrees.

but the rider got no hurt. which was indeed a prodigious leap. I desired he would order several sticks of two feet high.gutenberg. The horses of the army. I took four other sticks. having been daily led before me. and I repaired my handkerchief as well as I could: however. and with great difficulty persuaded even the empress herself to let me hold her in her close chair within two yards of the stage. and fixing them firmly in the ground in a quadrangular figure. that no ill accident happened in these entertainments. served as ledges on each side. and holds out the longest in leaping and creeping. about two feet from the 25 . one by one. performed mock skirmishes. is rewarded with the blue. according as the stick is advanced or depressed. Sometimes the emperor holds one end of the stick. pawing with his hoof. and the next morning six woodmen arrived with as many carriages. which they all wear girt twice round about the middle. in the same manner as I took them up. when she was able to take a full view of the whole performance. till it was tight as the top of a drum. The emperor holds a stick in his hands. the red is given to the next. and those of the royal stables. ready mounted and armed. attacked and retired. It was my good fortune. and the thickness of an ordinary cane. that belonged to one of the captains. where the candidates are to undergo a trial of dexterity very different from the former. and once was pleased to be lifted up and give the word of command. and such as I have not observed the least resemblance of in any other country of the new or old world. and one of the emperor's huntsmen. drew their swords. sometimes creep under it. and covering the hole with one hand. I set down the troop with the other. and the four parallel sticks. one by one. but would come up to my very feet without starting. The parallel sticks secured them and their horses from falling over the stage. to be brought me. When I had finished my work. and in short discovered the best military discipline I ever beheld. Whoever performs his part with most agility. two feet and a half square. he overthrew his rider and himself. I had the good fortune to divert the emperor one day after a very extraordinary manner. The riders would leap them over my hand. both ends parallel to the horizon. and extended it on all sides. and tied them parallel at each corner. took my foot. were no longer shy. drawn by eight horses to each. The horse that fell was strained in the left shoulder. come and exercise upon this plain. and you see few great persons about this court who are not adorned with one of these girdles. upon a large courser. in my hands. and the green to the third. backward and forward. rising about five inches higher than the handkerchief. discharged blunt arrows. I desired the emperor to let a troop of his best horses twenty-four in number. as I held it on the ground. fled and pursued. while the candidates advancing. that he ordered this entertainment to be repeated several days. and his foot slipping. whereupon his majesty commanded the master of his woods to give directions accordingly. and his first minister the other. but I immediately relieved them both. His majesty approved of the proposal. with the proper officers to exercise them. I would not trust to the strength of it any 58 SiSU www. and I took them up. shoe and all. sometimes leap over the stick. several times. I took nine of these sticks. sometimes the minister has it entirely to himself. As soon as they got into order they divided into two parties.Gulliver's Travels in his majesty's great chamber of state. then I fastened my handkerchief to the nine sticks that stood erect. only once a fiery horse. and the emperor was so much delighted.coloured silk. struck a hole in my handkerchief.

About two or three days before I was set at liberty. riding near the place where I was first taken up. first in the cabinet. This body consisted of three thousand foot.gutenberg. which I had fastened with a string to my head while I was rowing. and if his majesty pleased. breaking by some accident. upon my first reaching the shore after our shipwreck. to be in readiness. very oddly shaped. there arrived an express to inform his majesty. and thus my hat was dragged along for above half an English mile. they had got to the top. with drums beating. and then in a full council. that every soldier in his march should observe the strictest decency with regard to my person. But it was carried against him by the whole board. I presently knew what they meant. which I never observed. and march them under me. He then commanded his general (who was an old experienced leader. stamping upon it. as wide as his majesty's bedchamber. That minister was galbet. that it was no living creature. which however could not prevent some of the younger officers from turning up their eyes as they passed under me: and. or admiral of the realm. I was in such confusion. as I conjecture. to confess the truth. except Skyresh Bolgolam. that his majesty at length mentioned the matter. and pikes advanced. within an inch and half of the 26 . where it was opposed by none.Gulliver's Travels more. as I was entertaining the court with this kind of feat. they would undertake to bring it with only five horses. and had stuck on all the time I was swimming. upon pain of death. and confirmed by the emperor. the emperor. I entreated his imperial majesty to give orders it might be brought to me as soon as possible. by mounting upon each other's shoulders. and. in such dangerous enterprises. for it lay on the grass without motion. His majesty gave orders. but not in a very good condition. but. the string. the ground in that country being extremely smooth and level. It seems. they had bored two holes in the brim. and rising up in the middle as high as a man. fell off after I came to land. had seen a great black substance lying on the around. He desired I would stand like a Colossus. without any provocation. who was pleased. colours flying. my breeches were at that time in so ill a condition. to be my mortal enemy. which was flat and even. these hooks were tied by a long cord to the harness. Two days after this adventure. and fastened two hooks in the holes. they found that it was hollow within. and some of them had walked round it several times. extending its edges round. it received less damage than I expected. and a thousand horse. and a great patron of mine) to draw up the troops in close order. that before I came to the place where I went to sleep. that they afforded some opportunities for laughter and admiration. as they at first apprehended. and a person well versed in affairs. but of a morose and sour 59 60 61 SiSU www. describing to him the use and the nature of it: and the next day the waggoners arrived with it. with my legs as far asunder as I conveniently could. I had sent so many memorials and petitions for my liberty. having ordered that part of his army which quarters in and about his metropolis. and the horse by sixteen. my hat. but thought my hat had been lost at sea. that they humbly conceived it might be something belonging to the man-mountain. the foot by twenty-four abreast. took a fancy of diverting himself in a very singular manner. and was glad at heart to receive this intelligence. very much in his master's confidence. that. that some of his subjects.

in his pocket. and several persons of distinction. in a meadow or field of corn. word for word. As he walks the said roads. be aiding and assisting to our workmen. once in every moon. at his times of leisure. That the said man-mountain shall. which was. “6th. and my thumb on the tip of my right ear. at whose nod the princes of the earth shake their knees. their horses. whose dominions extend five thousand blustrugs (about twelve miles in circumference) to the extremities of the globe. or carriages. He shall not presume to come into our metropolis. and not offer to walk. “8th. dreadful as winter: his most sublime majesty proposes to the man-mountain. fruitful as autumn. “ 27 . “5th. The said man-mountain shall confine his walks to our principal high roads. But because the reader may be curious to have some idea of the style and manner of expression peculiar to that people. the following articles. he was at length persuaded to comply. and to place the middle finger of my right hand on the crown of my head. comfortable as the summer. He shall be our ally against our enemies in the island of Blefuscu. towards covering the wall of the principal park. which. nor take any of our subjects into his hands without their own consent. “2d. without our license under our great seal.Gulliver's Travels complexion. deliver in an exact survey of the circumference of our dominions. he shall take the utmost care not to trample upon the bodies of any of our loving subjects. These articles were brought to me by Skyresh Bolgolam in person attended by two under-secretaries. and to which I must swear. delight and terror of the universe. in two moons' time. to hold my right foot in my left hand. by a computation of his own paces round the coast. and whose head strikes against the sun. he shall be obliged to perform:“1st. or lie down. 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 SiSU www. I have made a translation of the whole instrument. which I here offer to the public. The man-mountain shall not depart from our dominions. which is now preparing to invade us. If an express requires extraordinary despatch. pleasant as the spring. first in the manner of my own country. “Golbasto Momarem Evlame Gurdilo Shefin Mully Ully Gue.gutenberg. whose feet press down to the centre. the man. lately arrived at our celestial dominions. and do his utmost to destroy their fleet. as well as to know the article upon which I recovered my liberty. taller than the sons of men. should be drawn up by himself. the messenger and horse a six days journey. by a solemn oath. in helping to raise certain great stones. “4th. without our express order. I was demanded to swear to the performance of them. “7th. and return the said messenger back (if so required) safe to our imperial presence. monarch of all monarchs. and other our royal buildings. and afterwards in the method prescribed by their laws. the inhabitants shall have two hours warning to keep within doors. as near as I was able. After they were read. most mighty Emperor of Lilliput. That the said man-mountain shall. but prevailed that the articles and conditions upon which I should be set free.mountain shall be obliged to carry. at which time. However.

in person. with free access to our royal person. 71 72 73 SiSU www. Given at our palace at Belfaborac. the said manmountain shall have a daily allowance of meat and drink sufficient for the support of 1724 of our subjects.Gulliver's Travels “ 28 . and after many gracious expressions.” I swore and subscribed to these articles with great cheerfulness and content. did me the honour to be by at the whole ceremony. the emperor stipulates to allow me a quantity of meat and drink sufficient for the support of 1724 Lilliputians. “that he hoped I should prove a useful servant. I shall not repeat. he added. which proceeded wholly from the malice of Skyresh Bolgolam. to avoid the censure of vanity. and consequently would require as much food as was necessary to support that number of Lilliputians. The emperor himself. the high-admiral: whereupon my chains were immediately unlocked.gutenberg. that. they concluded from the similarity of their bodies. and finding it to exceed theirs in the proportion of twelve to one. having taken the height of my body by the help of a quadrant. which. I made my acknowledgements by prostrating myself at his majesty's feet: but he commanded me to rise. in the last article of the recovery of my liberty. the twelfth day of the ninety-first moon of our reign. asking a friend at court how they came to fix on that determinate number. upon his solemn oath to observe all the above articles. and I was at full liberty. as well as the prudent and exact economy of so great a prince. or might do for the future. and well deserve all the favours he had already conferred upon me. although some of them were not so honourable as I could have wished. and other marks of our favour. he told me that his majesty's mathematicians.” The reader may please to observe. That. By which the reader may conceive an idea of the ingenuity of that people. that mine must contain at least 1724 of theirs. Some time after.

which 74 75 76 77 SiSU www. It is enclosed by a wall of two feet high. I applied my face to the windows of the middle stories. which I spent in cutting down with my knife some of the largest trees in the royal park. I stepped over the great western gate. that I thought in all my travels I had not seen a more populous place. and drew up the first after me with a hooked stick. I then stept over the building very conveniently from one stool to the other. together with the emperor's palace. are five feet wide.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER IV. which the emperor easily granted me. the metropolis of Lilliput. but this I was not able to do till three days after. each about three feet high. and strong enough to bear my weight. I walked with the utmost circumspection. were but eighteen inches high. The emperor's palace is in the centre of the city where the two great streets meet. each side of the wall being five hundred feet long. Now the buildings of the outer court were at least five feet high. I could easily view it on every side. at their own peril.gutenberg. and gently set it down on the space between the first and second court. from one square into another. and twenty feet distance from the buildings. though the walls were strongly built of hewn stone. that I might have license to see Mildendo. this I lifted over the roof. and four inches thick. which I could not enter. the metropolis. lying down upon my side. about a hundred yards distant from the city. Of these trees I made two 29 . that all people should keep in their houses. for fear of damaging the roofs and eaves of the houses with the skirts of my coat. The wall which encompassed it is two feet and a half high. and sidling. only in my short waistcoat. concerning the affairs of that empire. after I had obtained my liberty.] The first request I made. and took the other in my hand. and. I had his majesty's permission to step over this wall. was. and at least eleven inches broad. A conversation between the author and a principal secretary. but found it extremely difficult. are from twelve to eighteen inches. The people had notice. [Mildendo. The author's offers to serve the emperor in his wars. When I came to the side of the outer court. The city is an exact square. described. by proclamation. the space being so wide between that and the palace. and. which I was very desirous to see. I stood upon one stool. and it is flanked with strong towers at ten feet distance. and includes two other courts: in the inmost are the royal apartments. By this contrivance I got into the inmost court. to avoid treading on any stragglers who might remain in the streets. The garret windows and tops of houses were so crowded with spectators. The town is capable of holding five hundred thousand souls: the houses are from three to five stories: the shops and markets well provided. for the great gates. but only view them as I passed. which run across and divide it into four quarters. but with a special charge to do no hurt either to the inhabitants or their houses. The outward court is a square of forty feet. which was eight feet wide. and seven inches wide. The two great streets. The people having received notice a second time. of my design to visit the town. through the two principal streets. At the same time the emperor had a great desire that I should see the magnificence of his palace. The lanes and alleys. although the orders were very strict. so that a coach and horses may be driven very safely round it. and it was impossible for me to stride over them without infinite damage to the pile. I went again through the city to the palace with my two stools in my hands. and passed very gently.

under the names of Tramecksan and Slamecksan. we are threatened with an invasion from the island of Blefuscu. Reldresal. We compute the Tramecksan. I offered to lie down that he might the more conveniently reach my ear. their plants and animals. and discovered the most splendid apartments that can be imagined. For as to what we have heard you affirm. As to the first. perhaps I might not have obtained it so soon. For. nor talk with each other. One morning. from its first erection. the heir to the crown. but. which is now almost ready for the press. to exceed us in number. almost as large and powerful as this of his majesty. and the danger of an invasion. that for about seventy moons past there have been two struggling parties in this empire. There I saw the empress and the young princes. “that if it had not been for the present situation of things at court. added. He began with compliments on my liberty. but the power is wholly on our side. from the high and low heels of their shoes. by a most potent enemy.” but. in their several lodgings. We apprehend his imperial highness. which gives him a hobble in his gait. It is alleged. because I reserve them for a greater work. through along series of princes. we labour under two mighty evils: a violent faction at home. from abroad. on account of his quality and personal merits. as you cannot but observe. with their chief attendants about them. said “he might pretend to some merit in it. that they will neither eat.” said he. my chief design at present being only to relate such events and transactions as happened to the public or to myself during a residence of about nine months in that empire. containing a general description of this empire. and would rather conjecture that you dropped from the moon.Gulliver's Travels were left open on purpose. by which they distinguish themselves. about a fortnight after I had obtained my liberty. came to my house attended only by one servant. principal secretary (as they style him) for private affairs. that there are other kingdoms and states in the world inhabited by human creatures as large as yourself. that a hundred mortals of your bulk would in a short time destroy all the fruits and cattle of his majesty's dominions: be78 79 SiSU www. learning. He ordered his coach to wait at a distance. because it is certain. with a particular account of their wars and politics. our philosophers are in much doubt. with other matters very curious and useful. indeed. or high heels. Her imperial majesty was pleased to smile very graciously upon me. and religion. But I shall not anticipate the reader with further descriptions of this kind. which is the other great empire of the universe. laws. but he chose rather to let me hold him in my hand during our conversation. or one of the stars. The animosities between these two parties run so high. you are to understand. Now. and particularly that his majesty's imperial heels are lower at least by a drurr than any of his court (drurr is a measure about the fourteenth part of an inch). however this be. which I readily consented to. “as flourishing a condition as we may appear to be in to 30 . to have some tendency towards the high heels. and all offices in the gift of the crown.gutenberg. their peculiar manners and customs. that the high heels are most agreeable to our ancient constitution. in the midst of these intestine disquiets. at least we can plainly discover that one of his heels is higher than the other. his majesty has determined to make use only of low heels in the administration of the government. however. and gave me out of the window her hand to kiss. as well as of the many good offices he had done me during my solicitations at court. nor drink. and desired I would give him an hours audience.

to break the smaller end of their eggs. and the damage received by the enemy is reckoned to be somewhat greater than ours. Many hundred large volumes have been published upon this controversy: but the books of the Big. and another his crown. However. and his imperial majesty. and the whole party rendered incapable by law of holding employments.” I desired the secretary to present my humble duty to the emperor. the emperors of Blefusca did frequently expostulate by their ambassadors. in my humble opinion to be left to every man's conscience. been engaged in a most obstinate war for six-and-thirty moons past. The people so highly resented this law. going to eat an egg. while he was a boy. who was a foreigner.gutenberg. with the hazard of my life. and a much a greater number of smaller vessels. and to let him know. the Big-endian exiles have found so much credit in the emperor of Blefuscu's court. commanding all his subjects. happened to cut one of his fingers. and when they were quelled. however. seems. It began upon the following occasion.' And which is the convenient end. “that I thought it would not become me. that our histories tell us. Which two mighty powers have. they have now equipped a numerous fleet. has commanded me to lay this account of his affairs before you. and breaking it according to the ancient practice. or at least in the power of the chief magistrate to determine. placing great confidence in your valour and strength. there have been six rebellions raised on that account. Now. but I was ready. with various success. It is allowed on all hands. but his present majesty's grandfather. These civil commotions were constantly fomented by the monarchs of Blefuscu. the exiles always fled for refuge to that 31 . during which time we have lost forty capital ships. to interfere with parties. and so much private assistance and encouragement from their party here at home. together with thirty thousand of our best seamen and soldiers. to defend his person and state against all invaders. upon great penalties. by offending against a fundamental doctrine of our great prophet Lustrog. that a bloody war has been carried on between the two empires for six-and-thirty moons. before we eat them. It is computed that eleven thousand persons have at several times suffered death. accusing us of making a schism in religion.” 80 SiSU www. and are just preparing to make a descent upon us.endians have been long forbidden. rather than submit to break their eggs at the smaller end. was upon the larger end. During the course of these troubles. that the primitive way of breaking eggs. our histories of six thousand moons make no mention of any other regions than the two great empires of Lilliput and Blefuscu.Gulliver's Travels sides. Whereupon the emperor his father published an edict. is thought to be a mere strain upon the text. as I was going to tell you. for the words are these: `that all true believers break their eggs at the convenient end. This. wherein one emperor lost his life. in the fifty-fourth chapter of the Blundecral (which is their Alcoran).

lying down behind a hillock. and for the same reason I twisted three of the iron bars together. I communicated to his majesty a project I had formed of seizing the enemy's whole fleet. which. and thus armed. as our scouts assured 32 . and the rest of it fifty glumgluffs at most. and gave orders (for which I had a warrant) for a great quantity of the strongest cable and bars of iron. that in the middle. but without any other effect. bending the extremities into a hook. began to pull. all intercourse between the two empires having been strictly forbidden during the war. and leaving the looks fixed to the ships. walked into the sea. if I had not suddenly thought of an expedient.gutenberg. A high title of honour is conferred upon him. I had not yet seen it. where there could not be fewer than thirty thousand souls. the author instrumental in saving the rest of the palace. While I was thus employed. and sue for peace. which is about six feet of European measure. and swam in the middle about thirty yards. I avoided appearing on that side of the coast. I resolutely cut with 81 82 83 SiSU www. Ambassadors arrive from the emperor of Blefuscu. I then took my tackling. and. from which it is parted only by a channel of eight hundred yards wide. many of which struck against the glasses of my spectacles. The empress's apartment on fire by an accident. beside the excessive smart.] The empire of Blefuscu is an island situated to the north-east of Lilliput. [The author. These I took out and fastened as strongly as I could upon my nose. which. I went back to the north-east coast. gave me much disturbance in my work. it was seventy glumgluffs deep. I consulted the most experienced seamen upon the depth of the channel. who told me. at high-water. The enemy was so frightened when they saw me. a pair of spectacles in a private pocket. lay at anchor in the harbour.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER V. I took out my small perspective glass. upon pain of death. and. shoes. I tied all the cords together at the end. I arrived at the fleet in less than half an hour. by some of the enemy's ships. The cable was about as thick as packthread and the bars of the length and size of a knitting-needle. I kept. by an extraordinary stratagem. about half an hour before high water. as I observed before. had escaped the emperor's searchers. ready to sail with the first fair wind. in spite of the enemy's arrows. which I should have infallibly lost. in my leathern jerkin. who had received no intelligence of me. over against Blefuscu. I therefore let go the cord. I waded with what haste I could. which they had often plumbed. many of which stuck in my hands and face. among other little necessaries. and an embargo laid by our emperor upon all vessels whatsoever. I had now fastened all the hooks. so that the boldest part of my enterprise remained. and stockings. but not a ship would stir. and swam to shore. went on boldly with my work. consisting of about fifty men of war. and viewed the enemy's fleet at anchor. and a great number of transports: I then came back to my house. prevents an invasion. and putting off my coat. Having thus fixed fifty hooks to as many cables. and upon this notice of an intended invasion. further than a little to discompose them. for fear of being discovered. for they were all too fast held by their anchors. the enemy discharged several thousand arrows. where. and. My greatest apprehension was for mine eyes. I trebled the cable to make it stronger. till I felt ground. I walked towards the north-east coast. taking the knot in my hand. that they leaped out of their ships. fastening a hook to the hole at the prow of each.

Of so little weight are the greatest services to princes.” And. I cried in a loud voice. they were yet more in pain.gutenberg. by which he would remain the sole monarch of the whole world. to be of my opinion. reflected on me. for the channel growing shallower every step I made. and governing it. could not forbear some expressions which. and that the enemy's fleet was approaching in a hostile manner: but he was soon eased of his fears. The Blefuscudians. and had like to have ended in my utter destruction. The emperor and his whole court stood on the shore. when the matter was debated in council. who were my secret enemies.Gulliver's Travels my knife the cables that fastened the anchors. which broke out in less than two months. This open bold declaration of mine was so opposite to the schemes and politics of his imperial majesty. “that I would never be an instrument of bringing a free and brave people into slavery. the wisest part of the ministry were of my opinion. They saw the ships move forward in a large half-moon. maliciously bent against me. which is the highest title of honour among them. When I had got out of danger. to which my hooks were tied. by many arguments drawn from the topics of policy as well as justice. And from this time began an intrigue between his majesty and a junto of ministers. When I advanced to the middle of the channel. I waded through the middle with my cargo. He mentioned it in a very artful manner at council. by which the fleet was 33 . They had seen me cut the cables. and saw me pulling at the end. and waiting about an hour. And so unmeasureable is the ambition of princes. because I was under water to my neck. But I endeavoured to divert him from this design. and arrived safe at the royal port of Lilliput. till the tide was a little fallen. and holding up the end of the cable. I stopped awhile to pick out the arrows that stuck in my hands and face. “Long live the most puissant king of Lilliput!” This great prince received me at my landing with all possible encomiums. but could not discern me. that he could never forgive me. and with great ease drew fifty of the enemy's largest men of war after me. then I took up the knotted end of the cables. who had not the least imagination of what I intended. and compelling that people to break the smaller end of their eggs. by a side-wind. as I have formerly mentioned. and rubbed on some of the same ointment that was given me at my first arrival. The emperor concluded me to be drowned. who was up to my breast in water. that he seemed to think of nothing less than reducing the whole empire of Blefuscu into a province. receiving about two hundred shots in my face and hands. and created me a nardac upon the spot. I then took off my spectacles. expecting the issue of this great adventure. they set up such a scream of grief and despair as it is almost impossible to describe or conceive. when put into the balance with a refusal to gratify their passions. of destroying the Big. 84 85 86 87 SiSU www. and I plainly protested. and thought my design was only to let the ships run adrift or fall foul on each other: but when they perceived the whole fleet moving in order.endian exiles. at least by their silence. His majesty desired I would take some other opportunity of bringing all the rest of his enemy's ships into his ports. where I was told that some of the wisest appeared. I came in a short time within hearing. but others. by a viceroy. were at first confounded with astonishment.

and each nation priding itself upon the antiquity. that these ambassadors spoke to me. beauty. I desired they would do me the honour to present my most humble respects to the emperor their master. When their treaty was finished. as I could perceive. or seamen. made me a visit in form. The reader may remember. wherewith I shall not trouble the reader. there are few persons of distinction. which was soon concluded. who were privately told how much I had been their friend. But being now a nardac of the highest rank in that empire. the renown of whose virtues had so justly filled the whole world with admiration. or at least appeared to have. of which they had heard so many wonders. wherein I did them several good offices by the credit I now had. I desired his general license to wait on the Blefuscudian monarch. upon conditions very advantageous to our emperor. proved a very happy adventure to me. neither could anything but an extreme necessity have forced me to submit. which he was pleased to grant me. there arrived a solemn embassy from Blefuscu. that from the great intercourse of trade and commerce between both realms. yet our emperor. It is to be observed. in the Lilliputian tongue. but could not guess the reason. obliged them to deliver their credentials.gutenberg.” from which I am sure my heart was wholly free. standing upon the advantage he had got by the seizure of their fleet. and energy of their own tongue. And this was the first time I began to conceive some imperfect idea of courts and ministers. to their infinite satisfaction and surprise. the next time I had the honour to see our emperor. the languages of both empires differing as much from each other as any two in Europe. wherein I readily obliged them. such offices were looked upon as below my dignity. but what can hold conversation in both tongues. and from the custom. and desired me to show them some proofs of my prodigious strength. when I went to pay my respects to the emperor of Blefuscu. through the malice of my enemies. suitable to the grandeur of their master. and their entry was very magnificent. And it must be confessed. They began with many compliments upon my valour and generosity. at court. or merchants. till I had a whisper from a certain person. before I returned to my own country. that when I signed those articles upon which I recovered my liberty. When I had for some time entertained their excellencies. but shall not trouble the reader with the particulars. in order to polish themselves by seeing the world. in the midst of great misfortunes. as I found some weeks after. with an avowed contempt for that of their neighbour. upon account of their being too servile. “that Flimnap and Bolgolam had represented my intercourse with those ambassadors as a mark of disaffection. and make their speech. There were six ambassadors. with humble offers of a peace. and understanding men and manners. in a very cold manner. with a train of about five hundred persons. and the importance of their business. their 34 . who dwell in the maritime parts. and the emperor (to do him justice). invited me to that kingdom in the emperor their master's name. from the continual reception of exiles which is mutual among them. never once mentioned them to 88 89 90 91 SiSU www. Accordingly. and whose royal person I resolved to attend. to send their young nobility and richer gentry to the other.Gulliver's Travels About three weeks after this exploit. by an interpreter. in each empire. there were some which I disliked. which. as I shall relate in its proper place.

I was in some kind of terror.” 92 SiSU www. and it being likewise a moonshine night. although I had done a very eminent piece of service. (the Blefuscudians call it flunec. yet I could not tell how his majesty might resent the manner by which I had performed it: for.) which is very diuretic. which I unfortunately left behind me for haste. however. firmly resolved that those buildings should never be repaired for her use: and. preserved from destruction. I got up in an instant. I made a shift to get to the palace without trampling on any of the people. I heard the word Burglum repeated incessantly: several of the emperor's court. but the water was at some distance. and I returned to my house without waiting to congratulate with the emperor: because. and by labouring to quench them. I had not suddenly thought of an expedient. at least as I then thought. by the carelessness of a maid of honour. to make water within the precincts of the palace. and I was privately assured. I had not discharged myself of any part of it. I found they had already applied ladders to the walls of the apartment. The heat I had contracted by coming very near the flames. drunk plentifully of a most delicious wine called glimigrim. and the rest of that noble pile. and applied so well to the proper places. which had cost so many ages in erecting. and the poor people supplied me with them as fast as they could: but the flame was so violent that they did little good. in the presence of her chief confidents could not forbear vowing revenge. I was alarmed at midnight with the cries of many hundred people at my door. it is capital in any 35 . But I was a little comforted by a message from his majesty. but ours is esteemed the better sort. “that he would give orders to the grand justiciary for passing my pardon in form:” which. a most signal service. it was not long before I had an opportunity of doing his majesty. removed to the most distant side of the court. that in three minutes the fire was wholly extinguished. making their way through the crowd. and this magnificent palace would have infallibly been burnt down to the ground. conceiving the greatest abhorrence of what I had done. “that the empress. However. and orders being given to clear the way before me. by the fundamental laws of the realm.gutenberg. and were well provided with buckets. if. of what quality soever. and came away only in my leathern jerkin. who fell asleep while she was reading a romance.Gulliver's Travels me. where her imperial majesty's apartment was on fire. the evening before. These buckets were about the size of large thimbles. which I voided in such a quantity. By the luckiest chance in the world. I could not obtain. being suddenly awaked. by a presence of mind unusual to me. entreated me to come immediately to the palace. by which. It was now day-light. The case seemed wholly desperate and deplorable. made the wine begin to operate by urine. I had. I might easily have stifled it with my coat.

The learned among them confess the absurdity of this doctrine. so there is an exact proportion in all other animals. because they hold an opinion. being neither from the left to the right. the sheep an inch and half. There are some laws and customs in this empire very peculiar. from one corner of the paper to the other. the manner of educating their children. laws. but the practice still continues. are punished here with the utmost severity. and so the several gradations downwards till you come to the smallest. and if they were not so directly contrary to those of my own dear country. to show the sharpness of their sight towards objects that are near. for the danger he underwent. And.] Although I intend to leave the description of this empire to a particular treatise.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VI. and customs. I have been much pleased with observing a cook pulling a lark. in the mean time. like ladies in England. They look upon fraud as a greater crime than theft. or. that in eleven thousand moons they are all to rise again. nor from the right to the left. and therefore seldom fail to punish it 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 SiSU www. which. which to my sight. and a young girl threading an invisible needle with invisible silk. in which period the earth (which they conceive to be flat) will turn upside down.gutenberg. like the Chinese. be found ready standing on their feet. All crimes against the state. as well as plants and trees: for instance. it is largely supplied by the crown. I am content to gratify the curious reader with some general ideas. As the common size of the natives is somewhat under six inches high. has flourished in all its branches among them: but their manner of writing is very peculiar. nor from up to down. The author's way of living in that country. for the hardship of his imprisonment. yet. but this I leave to the reader's imagination. They bury their dead with their heads directly downward. if that fund be deficient. which was not so large as a common fly. and out of his goods or lands the innocent person is quadruply recompensed for the loss of his time. His vindication of a great lady. the accuser is immediately put to an ignominious death. [Of the inhabitants of Lilliput. I shall say but little at present of their learning. more or less: their geese about the bigness of a sparrow. and proclamation is made of his innocence through the whole city. and for all the charges he has been at in making his defence. if the person accused makes his innocence plainly to appear upon his trial. like the Arabians. Their tallest trees are about seven feet high: I mean some of those in the great royal park. I should be tempted to say a little in their justification. for many 36 . relates to informers. the tops whereof I could but just reach with my fist clenched. but at no great distance. but aslant. It is only to be wished they were as well executed. at their resurrection. and by this means they shall. The emperor also confers on him some public mark of his favour. in compliance to the vulgar. but. their learning. The other vegetables are in the same proportion. like the Europeans. were almost invisible. The first I shall mention. but nature has adapted the eyes of the Lilliputians to all objects proper for their view: they see with great exactness. the tallest horses and oxen are between four and five inches in height.

where fraud is permitted and connived at. in their courts of judicature. they believe. and. SiSU www. justice. that it was only a breach of trust. since government is necessary to mankind. whose inclinations led him to be corrupt. the practice of which virtues. they have more regard to good morals than to great abilities. is formed with six eyes. the disbelief of a Divine Providence renders a man incapable of holding any public station. that different nations had different customs. since kings avow themselves to be the deputies of Providence.2 Although we usually call reward and punishment the two hinges upon which all government 37 . as the practices of a man. by way of extenuation. in a virtuous disposition. In like manner. with a very common understanding. except where a course of study is required. and defend his corruptions. and the like. as many behind. that the mistakes committed by ignorance. at least. which is added to his name. to show she is more disposed to reward than to punish. temperance. without any mention of reward. In choosing persons for all employments. and. and a sword sheathed in her left. and that Providence never intended to make the management of public affairs a mystery to be comprehended only by a few persons of sublime genius. may preserve a man's goods from thieves. that care and vigilance. the emperor thought it monstrous in me to offer as a defence the greatest aggravation of the crime.Gulliver's Travels with death. which he had received by order and ran away with. with a bag of gold open in her right hand. or has no law to punish it. and the knave gets the advantage. with a proportionable sum of money out of a fund appropriated for that use: he likewise acquires the title of snilpall. of which there seldom are three born in an age: but they suppose truth. that employments could never be put into such dangerous hands as those of persons so qualified. and on each side one. to signify circumspection. or legal. would qualify any man for the service of his country. since it is necessary that there should be a perpetual intercourse of buying and selling. to be in every man's power. for. and who had great abilities to manage. to multiply. And these people thought it a prodigious defect of policy among us. It is upon this account that the image of Justice. but honesty has no defence against superior cunning. I was heartily ashamed. that the common size of human understanding is fitted to some station or other. yet I could never observe this maxim to be put in practice by any nation except that of Lilliput. and dealing upon credit. 2 100 101 102 An act of parliament has been since passed by which some breaches of trust have been made capital. and happening to tell his majesty. the honest dealer is always undone. assisted by experience and a good intention. farther than the common answer. for they allege. Whoever can there bring sufficient proof. according to his quality or condition of life. when I told them that our laws were enforced only by penalties. I confess. I remember. has a claim to certain privileges. and truly I had little to say in return. would never be of such fatal consequence to the public weal. for. two before. when I was once interceding with the emperor for a criminal who had wronged his master of a great sum of money. But they thought the want of moral virtues was so far from being supplied by superior endowments of the mind. but does not descend to his posterity. for.gutenberg. that he has strictly observed the laws of his country for seventy-three moons.

and their own capacities. They are bred up in the principles of honour. and then are obliged to dress themselves.Gulliver's Travels the Lilliputians think nothing can be more absurd than for a prince to employ such men as disown the authority under which he acts. nor intended so by his parents. or to his mother for bringing him into the world. or badges of favour and distinction by leaping over sticks and creeping under them. by the motives of concupiscence. at which time they are supposed to have some rudiments of docility. into which these people are fallen by the degenerate nature of man. modesty. They are never suffered to converse with servants. The clothes and food of the children are plain and simple. as well as inclinations. clemency. These schools are of several kinds. where all parents. are provided with grave and learned professors. that parents are the last of all others to be trusted with the education of their own children. which. or one of his deputies. Ingratitude is among them a capital crime. that men and women are joined together. in their love encounters. when they come to the age of twenty moons. were otherwise employed. are obliged to send their infants of both sexes to be reared and educated. Their parents are suffered to see them 103 104 105 106 SiSU www. although their quality be ever so great. perform only the most menial offices. and their several deputies. and then of the female. who are aged proportionably to ours at fifty. and the women attendant. whose thoughts. must needs be a common enemy to the rest of mankind. considering the miseries of human life. like other animals. except cottagers and labourers. that whoever makes ill returns to his benefactor. religion.gutenberg. and two hours for diversions consisting of bodily exercises. as we read it to have been in some other countries: for they reason thus. I would only be understood to mean the original institutions. and always in the presence of a professor. and the like reasonings. courage. For. and therefore such a man is not fit to live. Upon these. and both sexes. except in the times of eating and sleeping. as to that infamous practice of acquiring great employments by dancing on the ropes. the Lilliputians will needs have it. and love of their country. For. the reader is to observe. They are dressed by men till four years of age. and that their tenderness towards their young proceeds from the like natural principle: for which reason they will never allow that a child is under any obligation to his father for begetting him. to which our children are subject. I shall first say something of the male 38 . They have certain professors well skilled in preparing children for such a condition of life as befits the rank of their parents. was neither a benefit in itself. from whom he has received no obligation. that they were first introduced by the grandfather of the emperor now reigning. they are always employed in some business. which are very short. In relating these and the following laws. since the conjunction of male and female is founded upon the great law of nature. their opinion is. and grew to the present height by the gradual increase of party and faction. suited to different qualities. whereby they avoid those early bad impressions of folly and vice. Their notions relating to the duties of parents and children differ extremely from ours. but go together in smaller or greater numbers to take their diversions. in order to propagate and continue the species. justice. The nurseries for males of noble or eminent birth. and not the most scandalous corruptions. and therefore they have in every town public nurseries.

which answers to twenty-one with us: but the confinement is gradually lessened for the last three years. or bring any presents of toys. they give security to appropriate a certain sum for each child. the visit is to last but an hour. suitable to their condition. whereas those of persons of quality continue in their exercises till fifteen. sweetmeats. because she cannot always be young. and therefore all parents are limited in their expenses by the law. and banished for life to the most desolate part of the country. which is as low as possible. they are publicly whipped thrice about the city. And if it be found that these nurses ever presume to entertain the girls with frightful or foolish stories. are obliged. and seldom without tears of the young lady and her companions. or use any fondling expressions. and their several degrees: those intended for apprentices are dismissed at seven years old. Thus the young ladies are as much ashamed of being cowards and fools as the men. will not suffer them to whisper. their business being only to till and cultivate the earth. The pension from each family for the education and entertainment of a child. the children are instructed in all kinds of works proper for their sex. and handicrafts. and despise all personal ornaments. with great expressions of gratitude to the professors. the young girls of quality are educated much like the males. and that some rules were given them relating to domestic life. only that the exercises of the females were not altogether so robust. or the common follies practised by chambermaids among us. their parents or guardians take them home. a wife should be always a reasonable and agreeable companion. which is at five years old. upon failure of due payment. For the Lilliputians think nothing can be more unjust. The nurseries for children of ordinary gentlemen. in subservience to their own appetites. who always stands by on those occasions. than for people. are managed proportionably after the same manner. which among them is the marriageable age. and a smaller compass of learning was enjoined them: for their maxim is. to return to the steward of the nursery a small monthly share of their gettings. besides their annual pension. When the girls are twelve years old. and these funds are always managed with good husbandry and the most exact justice. they are allowed to kiss the child at meeting and parting. and therefore their education is of little consequence to the 107 108 109 110 111 112 SiSU www. but a professor. till they come to dress themselves. to be a portion for the child. traders. is levied by the emperor's officers. imprisoned for a year. and the like.gutenberg.Gulliver's Travels only twice a year. beyond decency and cleanliness: neither did I perceive any difference in their education made by their difference of sex. In the nurseries of females of the meaner sort. but always in the presence of a professor or deputy. and leave the burthen of supporting them on the public. In the female nurseries. the rest are kept to eleven. The cottagers and labourers keep their children at home. to bring children into the world. only those designed for trades are put out apprentices at eleven years old. As to persons of quality. merchants. that among peoples of quality. only they are dressed by orderly servants of their own sex. The meaner families who have children at these 39 .

might have the happiness. Then they measured my right thumb. The sempstresses took my measure as I lay on the ground. and they raised a ladder from the ground to my neck. in a very ingenious manner. out of the largest trees in the royal park.” as he was pleased to call it. which was done in my house (for the largest of theirs would not have been able to hold them). Having a head mechanically turned. in little convenient huts built about my house. Three hundred tailors were employed in the same manner to make me clothes. which I displayed on the ground before them for a pattern. upon this ladder one of them mounted. and three feet make a piece. Their mutton yields to ours. just over against me. being informed of my way of living. with the young princes of the blood of both sexes. which I would 113 114 115 SiSU www. Of their smaller fowl I could take up twenty or thirty at the end of my knife. but they had another contrivance for taking my measure. for the thickest was some degrees finer than lawn. I have had a sirloin so large. as we draw the bucket up a well in Europe. that each held by the end. My servants were astonished to see me eat it. they were forced to quilt together in several folds. and I confess they far exceed ours. and by the help of my old shirt. When my clothes were finished. and I placed them in chairs of state.” They came accordingly. that twice round the thumb is once round the wrist. that I have been forced to make three bites of it. which just answered the length of my coat: but my waist and arms I measured myself.gutenberg. I kneeled down. Two hundred sempstresses were employed to make me shirts. Their linen is usually three inches wide. and a barrel of their liquor a reasonable draught. and I observed he often looked on me with a sour countenance. and let fall a plumb-line from my collar to the floor. for by a mathematical computation. with a strong cord extended. to give some account of my domestics. attended there likewise with his white staff. they fitted me exactly. bones and all. and another at my mid-leg. they looked like the patch-work made by the ladies in England. and some with barrels of wine and other liquors slung on their shoulders. where they and their families lived. which. and linen for my bed and table. divert the curious reader. Their geese and turkeys I usually ate at a mouthful. One day his imperial majesty. all of the strongest and coarsest kind they could get. are supported by hospitals. the lord high treasurer. while a third measured the length of the cord with a rule of an inch long. perhaps. only that mine were all of a colour. upon my table. and being likewise forced by necessity. however. Flimnap. I took up twenty waiters in my hand. during a residence of nine months. some with dishes of meat. desired “that himself and his royal consort. with their guards about them. I had made for myself a table and chair convenient enough. all which the waiters above drew up. for begging is a trade unknown in this empire. but their beef is excellent. and prepared me two dishes a-piece. I had three hundred cooks to dress my victuals. by certain cords. and placed them on the table: a hundred more attended below on the 40 . as in our country we do the leg of a lark. one standing at my neck. and my manner of living in this country. and thirteen days. and so on to the neck and the waist. but this is rare. “of dining with me. And here it may.Gulliver's Travels public: but the old and diseased among them. and desired no more. as I wanted. A dish of their meat was a good mouthful.

which I afterwards came to the knowledge of by an accident not proper to mention. who was. made the treasurer show his lady for some time an ill countenance. that exchequer bills would not circulate under nine per cent.” I am here obliged to vindicate the reputation of an excellent lady. but ate more than usual.) and place them on a table. and when I was engaged with one set. nor ever without three more in the coach. The treasurer took a fancy to be jealous of his wife. further than that her grace was pleased to treat me with all innocent marks of freedom and friendship. about the bigness of a spangle) “and. a title inferior by one degree.gutenberg. That minister had always been my secret enemy. to prevent accidents. to prove that any person ever came to me incognito. and although he was at last undeceived and reconciled to her. I have some private reasons to believe. and the court scandal ran for some time. who informed him that her grace had taken a violent affection for my person. but always publicly. too much governed by that favourite. but this was common to many other ladies of the court. below par. indeed. I have passed many an afternoon very agreeably in these conversations. for all the world knows. that he is only a glumglum. of five inches high. that this visit from his majesty gave Flimnap an opportunity of doing me ill offices to his master. and let them make the best of it) Clustril and Drunlo. that she once came privately to my lodging. But I defy the treasurer. These false informations. while I sat in my chair. This I solemnly declare to be a most infamous falsehood. without any grounds. upon the whole. which the treasurer himself is not. who was an innocent sufferer upon my account. He represented to the emperor “the low condition of his treasury. that he was forced to take up money at a great discount. yet I allow he preceded me in right of his post. the postillion always unharnessed four. 116 SiSU www. though he outwardly caressed me more than was usual to the moroseness of his nature. or his two informers (I will name them. if it had not been a point wherein the reputation of a great lady is so nearly concerned. to take up the coach and two horses very carefully in my hands (for. On those occasions. in honour to my dear country. yet I lost all credit with him. my custom was to go immediately to the 41 . whether they at any time saw a coach at my door. who was sent by express command of his imperial majesty. without knowing what persons were in it. except the secretary Reldresal. though I then had the honour to be a nardac. as well as to fill the court with admiration. and me a worse. And I have often had four coaches and horses at once on my table. as I have before related. where I had fixed a movable rim quite round. I own she came often to my house. from the malice of some evil tongues. that I had cost his majesty above a million and a half of sprugs” (their greatest gold coin. and some particular acquaintance. as that of a marquis is to a duke in England. full of company. and. who were usually her sister and young daughter. leaning my face towards them. that it would be advisable in the emperor to take the first fair occasion of dismissing me. and found my interest decline very fast with the emperor himself.Gulliver's Travels not seem to regard. after paying my respects. to say nothing of my own. And I still appeal to my servants round. if there were six horses. I should not have dwelt so long upon this particular. the coachmen would gently drive the others round my table. when a servant had given me notice.

Gulliver's Travels

CHAPTER VII. [The author, being informed of a design to accuse him of high- treason, makes his escape to Blefuscu. His reception there.] Before I proceed to give an account of my leaving this kingdom, it may be proper to inform the reader of a private intrigue which had been for two months forming against me. I had been hitherto, all my life, a stranger to courts, for which I was unqualified by the meanness of my condition. I had indeed heard and read enough of the dispositions of great princes and ministers, but never expected to have found such terrible effects of them, in so remote a country, governed, as I thought, by very different maxims from those in Europe. When I was just preparing to pay my attendance on the emperor of Blefuscu, a considerable person at court (to whom I had been very serviceable, at a time when he lay under the highest displeasure of his imperial majesty) came to my house very privately at night, in a close chair, and, without sending his name, desired admittance. The chairmen were dismissed; I put the chair, with his lordship in it, into my coat-pocket: and, giving orders to a trusty servant, to say I was indisposed and gone to sleep, I fastened the door of my house, placed the chair on the table, according to my usual custom, and sat down by it. After the common salutations were over, observing his lordship's countenance full of concern, and inquiring into the reason, he desired “I would hear him with patience, in a matter that highly concerned my honour and my life.” His speech was to the following effect, for I took notes of it as soon as he left me:“You are to know,” said he, “that several committees of council have been lately called, in the most private manner, on your account; and it is but two days since his majesty came to a full resolution. “You are very sensible that Skyresh Bolgolam” (galbet, or high- admiral) “has been your mortal enemy, almost ever since your arrival. His original reasons I know not; but his hatred is increased since your great success against Blefuscu, by which his glory as admiral is much obscured. This lord, in conjunction with Flimnap the high-treasurer, whose enmity against you is notorious on account of his lady, Limtoc the general, Lalcon the chamberlain, and Balmuff the grand justiciary, have prepared articles of impeachment against you, for treason and other capital crimes.” This preface made me so impatient, being conscious of my own merits and innocence, that I was going to interrupt him; when he entreated me to be silent, and thus proceeded:“Out of gratitude for the favours you have done me, I procured information of the whole proceedings, and a copy of the articles; wherein I venture my head for your service. “'Articles of Impeachment against QUINBUS FLESTRIN, (the Man- Mountain.) ARTICLE I.














Gulliver's Travels

“'Whereas, by a statute made in the reign of his imperial majesty Calin Deffar Plune, it is enacted, that, whoever shall make water within the precincts of the royal palace, shall be liable to the pains and penalties of high-treason; notwithstanding, the said Quinbus Flestrin, in open breach of the said law, under colour of extinguishing the fire kindled in the apartment of his majesty's most dear imperial consort, did maliciously, traitorously, and devilishly, by discharge of his urine, put out the said fire kindled in the said apartment, lying and being within the precincts of the said royal palace, against the statute in that case provided, etc. against the duty, etc. ARTICLE II. “'That the said Quinbus Flestrin, having brought the imperial fleet of Blefuscu into the royal port, and being afterwards commanded by his imperial majesty to seize all the other ships of the said empire of Blefuscu, and reduce that empire to a province, to be governed by a viceroy from hence, and to destroy and put to death, not only all the Big-endian exiles, but likewise all the people of that empire who would not immediately forsake the Big-endian heresy, he, the said Flestrin, like a false traitor against his most auspicious, serene, imperial majesty, did petition to be excused from the said service, upon pretence of unwillingness to force the consciences, or destroy the liberties and lives of an innocent people. ARTICLE III. “'That, whereas certain ambassadors arrived from the Court of Blefuscu, to sue for peace in his majesty's court, he, the said Flestrin, did, like a false traitor, aid, abet, comfort, and divert, the said ambassadors, although he knew them to be servants to a prince who was lately an open enemy to his imperial majesty, and in an open war against his said majesty. ARTICLE IV. “'That the said Quinbus Flestrin, contrary to the duty of a faithful subject, is now preparing to make a voyage to the court and empire of Blefuscu, for which he has received only verbal license from his imperial majesty; and, under colour of the said license, does falsely and traitorously intend to take the said voyage, and thereby to aid, comfort, and abet the emperor of Blefuscu, so lately an enemy, and in open war with his imperial majesty aforesaid.' “There are some other articles; but these are the most important, of which I have read you an abstract. “In the several debates upon this impeachment, it must be confessed that his majesty gave many marks of his great lenity; often urging the services you had done him, and endeavouring to extenuate your crimes. The treasurer and admiral insisted that you should be put to the most painful and ignominious death, by setting fire to your house at night, and the general was to attend with twenty thousand men, armed with poisoned arrows, to shoot you on the face and hands. Some of your servants were to have private orders to strew a poisonous juice on your shirts and sheets, which would soon make you tear your own flesh, and die in the utmost torture. The general came into the












Gulliver's Travels

same opinion; so that for a long time there was a majority against you; but his majesty resolving, if possible, to spare your life, at last brought off the chamberlain. “Upon this incident, Reldresal, principal secretary for private affairs, who always approved himself your true friend, was commanded by the emperor to deliver his opinion, which he accordingly did; and therein justified the good thoughts you have of him. He allowed your crimes to be great, but that still there was room for mercy, the most commendable virtue in a prince, and for which his majesty was so justly celebrated. He said, the friendship between you and him was so well known to the world, that perhaps the most honourable board might think him partial; however, in obedience to the command he had received, he would freely offer his sentiments. That if his majesty, in consideration of your services, and pursuant to his own merciful disposition, would please to spare your life, and only give orders to put out both your eyes, he humbly conceived, that by this expedient justice might in some measure be satisfied, and all the world would applaud the lenity of the emperor, as well as the fair and generous proceedings of those who have the honour to be his counsellors. That the loss of your eyes would be no impediment to your bodily strength, by which you might still be useful to his majesty; that blindness is an addition to courage, by concealing dangers from us; that the fear you had for your eyes, was the greatest difficulty in bringing over the enemy's fleet, and it would be sufficient for you to see by the eyes of the ministers, since the greatest princes do no more. “This proposal was received with the utmost disapprobation by the whole board. Bolgolam, the admiral, could not preserve his temper, but, rising up in fury, said, he wondered how the secretary durst presume to give his opinion for preserving the life of a traitor; that the services you had performed were, by all true reasons of state, the great aggravation of your crimes; that you, who were able to extinguish the fire by discharge of urine in her majesty's apartment (which he mentioned with horror), might, at another time, raise an inundation by the same means, to drown the whole palace; and the same strength which enabled you to bring over the enemy's fleet, might serve, upon the first discontent, to carry it back; that he had good reasons to think you were a Big-endian in your heart; and, as treason begins in the heart, before it appears in overt-acts, so he accused you as a traitor on that account, and therefore insisted you should be put to death. “The treasurer was of the same opinion: he showed to what straits his majesty's revenue was reduced, by the charge of maintaining you, which would soon grow insupportable; that the secretary's expedient of putting out your eyes, was so far from being a remedy against this evil, that it would probably increase it, as is manifest from the common practice of blinding some kind of fowls, after which they fed the faster, and grew sooner fat; that his sacred majesty and the council, who are your judges, were, in their own consciences, fully convinced of your guilt, which was a sufficient argument to condemn you to death, without the formal proofs required by the strict letter of the law. “But his imperial majesty, fully determined against capital punishment, was graciously pleased to say, that since the council thought the loss of your eyes too easy a censure,






Gulliver's Travels

some other way may be inflicted hereafter. And your friend the secretary, humbly desiring to be heard again, in answer to what the treasurer had objected, concerning the great charge his majesty was at in maintaining you, said, that his excellency, who had the sole disposal of the emperor's revenue, might easily provide against that evil, by gradually lessening your establishment; by which, for want of sufficient for you would grow weak and faint, and lose your appetite, and consequently, decay, and consume in a few months; neither would the stench of your carcass be then so dangerous, when it should become more than half diminished; and immediately upon your death five or six thousand of his majesty's subjects might, in two or three days, cut your flesh from your bones, take it away by cart-loads, and bury it in distant parts, to prevent infection, leaving the skeleton as a monument of admiration to posterity. “Thus, by the great friendship of the secretary, the whole affair was compromised. It was strictly enjoined, that the project of starving you by degrees should be kept a secret; but the sentence of putting out your eyes was entered on the books; none dissenting, except Bolgolam the admiral, who, being a creature of the empress, was perpetually instigated by her majesty to insist upon your death, she having borne perpetual malice against you, on account of that infamous and illegal method you took to extinguish the fire in her apartment. “In three days your friend the secretary will be directed to come to your house, and read before you the articles of impeachment; and then to signify the great lenity and favour of his majesty and council, whereby you are only condemned to the loss of your eyes, which his majesty does not question you will gratefully and humbly submit to; and twenty of his majesty's surgeons will attend, in order to see the operation well performed, by discharging very sharp-pointed arrows into the balls of your eyes, as you lie on the ground. “I leave to your prudence what measures you will take; and to avoid suspicion, I must immediately return in as private a manner as I came.” His lordship did so; and I remained alone, under many doubts and perplexities of mind. It was a custom introduced by this prince and his ministry (very different, as I have been assured, from the practice of former times,) that after the court had decreed any cruel execution, either to gratify the monarch's resentment, or the malice of a favourite, the emperor always made a speech to his whole council, expressing his great lenity and tenderness, as qualities known and confessed by all the world. This speech was immediately published throughout the kingdom; nor did any thing terrify the people so much as those encomiums on his majesty's mercy; because it was observed, that the more these praises were enlarged and insisted on, the more inhuman was the punishment, and the sufferer more innocent. Yet, as to myself, I must confess, having never been designed for a courtier, either by my birth or education, I was so ill a judge of things, that I could not discover the lenity and favour of this sentence, but conceived it (perhaps erroneously) rather to be rigorous than gentle. I sometimes thought of standing my trial, for, although I could not deny the facts alleged in the several articles, yet I hoped they would admit of some extenuation. But having in my life perused many







I went to that side of the island where our fleet lay. The emperor and his train alighted from their horses. because I had hitherto no regular information of it. and having his imperial majesty's license to pay my attendance upon the emperor of Blefuscu. tied a cable to the prow. consistent with my duty to my own prince. and. and their methods of treating criminals less obnoxious than myself. I durst not rely on so dangerous a decision. I seized a large man of war. which is of the same name. and the high title of nardac he conferred upon me. and not unjustly. and let him know. and. and with the license of the emperor my master. “that I was come according to my promise. At 46 .” I advanced a hundred yards. which I have since observed in many other courts. being forced to lie on the ground. and to offer him any service in my power.gutenberg.” not mentioning a word of my disgrace. while I was out of his power. which I carried under my arm) into the vessel. “that his majesty. I should. I shall not trouble the reader with the particular account of my reception at this court. it soon appeared I was deceived. pursuant to the leave I had got. have submitted to so easy a punishment. and I might easily with stones pelt the metropolis to pieces. which was suitable to the generosity of so great a prince. to my own great rashness and want of experience.Gulliver's Travels state-trials. but I soon rejected that project with horror. I fixed upon a resolution. where the people had long expected me: they lent me two guides to direct me to the capital city. and against such powerful enemies. I took this opportunity. wrapped up in my coverlet. was coming out to receive me. to persuade myself. 146 147 SiSU www. and might suppose myself wholly ignorant of any such design. by remembering the oath I had made to the emperor. signifying my resolution of setting out that morning for Blefuscu. neither could I reasonably conceive that the emperor would discover the secret. the favours I received from him. I told his majesty. Neither had I so soon learned the gratitude of courtiers. before the three days were elapsed. which I ever observed to terminate as the judges thought fit to direct. however. if I had then known the nature of princes and ministers. put my clothes (together with my coverlet. the empress and ladies from their coaches. without waiting for an answer. attended by the royal family. Once I was strongly bent upon resistance. for. for which it is probable I may incur some censure. to send a letter to my friend the secretary. till I came within two hundred yards of the gate. while I had liberty the whole strength of that empire could hardly subdue me. drawing it after me. and consequently my liberty.” I had an answer in about an hour. I stripped myself. to have the honour of seeing so mighty a monarch. and I did not perceive they were in any fright or concern. in so critical a juncture. and. for I confess I owe the preserving of mine eyes. because. I there waited his majesty's command. between wading and swimming arrived at the royal port of Blefuscu. nor of the difficulties I was in for want of a house and bed. with great alacrity and readiness. lifting up the anchors. that his majesty's present seventies acquitted me of all past obligations. wherein. I lay on the ground to kiss his majesty's and the empress's hands. But hurried on by the precipitancy of youth. and great officers of the court. and desired them “to signify my arrival to one of the secretaries. I held them in my hands.

” which. I found the tide had driven it still nearer. full of wonder at the sight of so prodigious a vessel. walking out of curiosity to the north. he was pleased to grant. I did very much wonder. and so on. with ropes and engines. the most laborious part being over. where I first discovered the boat. I shall not trouble the reader with the difficulties I was under. and waded till I came within a hundred yards off the boat. which cost me ten days making. about half a league off in the sea. and fastened them first to the boat. believed I was only gone to Blefuscu in performance of my promise. wailing two or three hundred yards. by a lucky accident. and the tide favouring me. that his imperial majesty. and the other end to a man of war. and. after some kind expostulations. under the command of his vice-admiral. and three thousand seamen. after which I was forced to swim till I got up to it. I was not able to work. and.east coast of the island. by the help of certain paddles. But I was afterward given privately to understand. and then gave the boat another shove. and by the assistance of two thousand men. and I shoved. after the loss of his fleet. But he was at last in pain at my long absence. to get my boat to the royal port of Blefuscu. with one of my hands. Whereupon. I returned immediately towards the city. and. being out of my depth.] Three days after my arrival. and begged his majesty's orders for getting materials to fit it up. which I had beforehand twisted to a sufficient strength. the seamen towed. but I found all my labour to little purpose. and push the boat forward. until we arrived within forty yards of the shore. which I fastened to a hole in the fore-part of the boat. in all this time. The seamen were all provided with cordage. and found it was but little damaged. when the ceremony was ended. and then plainly saw it to be a real boat. which was well known at our court. not to have heard of any express relating to me from our emperor to the court of Blefuscu. somewhat that looked like a boat overturned. [The author. together with his license to depart.gutenberg.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VIII. the wind being favourable. I found the object to approach nearer by force of the tide. This fleet sailed round. I pulled off my shoes and stockings. I advanced so far that I could just hold up my chin and feel the ground. I stripped 47 . while I went back the shortest way to the coast. and would return in a few days. In this necessity I was forced to swim behind. for. waiting till the tide was out. a person 148 149 150 151 152 SiSU www. I told the emperor “that my good fortune had thrown this boat in my way. returns safe to his native country. I rested two or three minutes. I observed. I got dry to the boat. after some difficulties. never imagining I had the least notice of his designs. When the ships came up. and after consulting with the treasurer and the rest of that cabal. which were stowed in one of the ships. which I supposed might by some tempest have been driven from a ship. and then to nine of the vessels which attended me. where a mighty concourse of people appeared upon my arrival. till the sea was no higher than my arm-pits. finds means to leave Blefuscu. according to the license he had given me. as often as I could. I took out my other cables. The seamen threw me the end of the cord. and now. and desired his imperial majesty to lend me twenty of the tallest vessels he had left. to carry me to some place whence I might return into my native country. I made a shift to turn it on its bottom.

impatient to have me gone. after I had done the rough work. I was at the pains of making ropes and cables. I sent to receive his majesty's commands. twenty. both their majesties would soon be made easy. His majesty presented me with fifty purses of two hundred sprugs a-piece. yet he owed great obligations to me for many good offices I had done him in making the peace. who helped me in smoothing them. The emperor and royal family came out of the palace. with my own assistance and direction. and declared a traitor. and I discovered. for greasing my boat. I lay down on my face to kiss his hand. He said. however. much assisted by his majesty's shipcarpenters. if I would continue in his service. These considerations moved me to hasten my departure somewhat sooner than I intended. for I had found a prodigious vessel on the shore. who was content to punish me no farther than with the loss of mine eyes.” The envoy further added. “that since fortune. by the sea-shore. his master expected that his brother of Blefuscu would give orders to have me sent back to Lilliput. that he was very glad of my resolution. that. A great stone that I happened to find. when all was prepared. and other uses. after a long search. and the monarch of Blefuscu related to me all that had passed. In about a month. however. according to my directions. and he hoped. “the great lenity of his master. with all due acknowledgments for his favourable intentions. both empires would be freed from so insupportable an encumbrance.gutenberg.” Neither did I find the emperor at all displeased. which he very graciously gave me: so did the empress and young princes of the blood. I told him. or thirty of the thickest and strongest of theirs. together with his picture at full length. Five hundred workmen were employed to make two sails to my boat. in a few weeks. that I had fled from justice. for oars and masts. where I could possibly avoid it. although I believed him sincere. and therefore. had thrown a vessel in my way. and if I did not return in two hours. That. to which the court. which he had given orders to fit up. I was resolved to venture myself on the ocean. by twisting ten. “that in order to maintain the peace and amity between both empires. and so were most of his ministers. very readily contributed. served me for an anchor. This envoy had instructions to represent to the monarch of Blefuscu. I had the tallow of three hundred cows. I should be deprived of my title of nardac.Gulliver's Travels of quality was dispatched with the copy of the articles against me. by a certain accident. wherein. to be punished as a 48 .” The emperor of Blefuscu. “that as for sending me bound. his brother knew it was impossible. I humbly begged to be excused. yet I resolved never more to put any confidence in princes or ministers.” With this answer the envoy returned to Lilliput. wherein I was. which I put immediately into one 153 154 155 156 SiSU www. offering me at the same time (but under the strictest confidence) his gracious protection. whether good or evil. although I had deprived him of his fleet. returned an answer consisting of many civilities and excuses. having taken three days to consult. bound hand and foot. I was at incredible pains in cutting down some of the largest timbertrees. able to carry me on the sea. and to take my leave. rather than be an occasion of difference between two such mighty monarchs. by quilting thirteen folds of their strongest linen together.

to make him a present of a cow and 157 158 159 SiSU www. with bread and drink proportionable. and here I met an old comrade of mine. about three in the afternoon. I steered the same course that I had done the day before. but could get no answer. of Deptford. and went to my rest. and as I conjectured at least six hours. and I came up with her between five and six in the evening. It is not easy to express the joy I was in. although with their own consent and desire. then hung out her ancient. for I found the day broke in two hours after I awaked. My intention was to reach.” Having thus prepared all things as well as I was able.gutenberg. and an excellent sailor. I then took some refreshment. I hailed her. I set sail on the twenty-fourth day of September 1701. with as many ewes and rams. there were about fifty men in the ship. The vessel was an English merchantman. which I did in a few words. and heaving anchor. and whither I was bound. I slept well. when I had by my computation made twenty-four leagues from Blefuscu. for the wind slackened. and the dear pledges I left in it. I discovered nothing all that day. I descried a sail steering to the south. I had a good bundle of hay. I stored the boat with the carcases of a hundred oxen. my course was due east. at six in the morning. and when I had gone about four-leagues to the northward. his majesty engaged my honour “not to carry away any of his subjects. It was a clear night. September 26th. but this was a thing the emperor would by no means permit. the wind being at south-east. I took with me six cows and two bulls alive. upon the unexpected hope of once more seeing my beloved country. We were now in the latitude of 30 degrees south. And to feed them on board. to keep it from being hurt. but upon the next. when we arrived in England. which I had reason to believe lay to the north-east of Van Diemen's Land.Gulliver's Travels of my gloves. I would gladly have taken a dozen of the natives. whereupon I took my black cattle and sheep out of my pocket. 49 . and as much meat ready dressed as four hundred cooks could provide. who gave me a good character to the captain. if possible. and that the dangers I underwent had disturbed my head. at six in the evening I descried a small island.east. and discharged a gun. yet I found I gained upon her. a very civil man. returning from Japan by the North and South seas. I advanced forward. and three hundred sheep. together with his majesty's picture at full length. about half a league to the north-west. the captain. The ceremonies at my departure were too many to trouble the reader with at this time.pockets. besides a diligent search into my pockets. intending to carry them into my own country. The ship slackened her sails. I made all the sail I could. and. I gave him two purses of two hundreds sprugs each. one Peter Williams. I ate my breakfast before the sun was up. and got on board with all my little cargo of provisions. and desired I would let him know what place I came from last. and cast anchor on the leeside of the island. and propagate the breed. John Biddel. This gentleman treated me with kindness. which seemed to be uninhabited. I put my cows and sheep into my coat. and a bag of corn. but my heart leaped within me to see her English colours. after great astonishment. and in half an hour she spied me. and promised. but he thought I was raving. which. clearly convinced him of my veracity. one of those islands. wherein I was directed by my pocket compass. I then showed him the gold given me by the emperor of Blefuscu. the wind being favourable. and some other rarities of that country.

which I hope will prove much to the advantage of the woollen manufacture. 162 SiSU www. I found her bones in a hole. and a towardly child. a merchant ship of three hundred tons. I left fifteen hundred pounds with my wife. I sold them for six hundred pounds. in hopes to improve my fortunes. that the rats on board carried away one of my sheep. especially the sheep. We arrived in the Downs on the 13th of April. for my insatiable desire of seeing foreign countries. of Liverpool. was at the grammar-school. by the fineness of the fleeces.Gulliver's Travels a sheep big with young. and went on board the Adventure. I took leave of my wife. I stayed but two months with my wife and family. My remaining stock I carried with me. My son Johnny. so that I was not in any danger of leaving my family upon the parish. though I had always feared the contrary: neither could I possibly have preserved them in so long a voyage. The short time I continued in England. I shall not trouble the reader with a particular account of this voyage. I made a considerable profit by showing my cattle to many persons of quality and others: and before I began my second voyage. which yielded me as much more. near Epping. I had only one misfortune. commander. captain John Nicholas. Since my last return I find the breed is considerably increased. and mingled with water. where the fineness of the grass made them feed very 50 . named so after his uncle. if the captain had not allowed me some of his best biscuit. rubbed to powder. and fixed her in a good house at Redriff. with tears on both sides. My daughter Betty (who is now well married. The rest of my cattle I got safe ashore. picked clean from the flesh. and set them a-grazing in a bowling-green at Greenwich. which. 1702. bound for Surat.gutenberg. A VOYAGE TO BROBDINGNAG. was their constant food. and I had a long lease of the Black Bull in Fetter-Lane. part in money and part in goods. which was very prosperous for the most part. My eldest uncle John had left me an estate in land. 160 161 PART II. and has children) was then at her needle-work. would suffer me to continue no longer. and boy and girl. of about thirty pounds a-year. But my account of this voyage must be referred to the Second Part of my Travels.

During this storm. called the southern monsoon. and more westerly than usual. We hauled off upon the laniard of the 51 . and stood by to hand the fore-sail. and about three degrees northward of the line. and kept her full and by as near as she would lie. and belayed them. the sea broke strange and dangerous.gutenberg. It was a very fierce storm. His reception. He is left on shore. But he. and helped the man at the helm. so that the oldest 163 164 165 166 167 SiSU www. began to set in. we were carried. from the beginning of December to the beginning of May. but the sail was split.west. We got the starboard tacks aboard. we could not leave the Cape till the end of March. we were driven a little to the east of the Molucca Islands. we set in the lee-braces. but having got northward of that island. because she scudded before the sea very well. the ship was the wholesomer. and we hauled down the yard. the helm was hard a-weather. A description of the inhabitants. in two months after my return. by my computation. seeing we had sea-room. which in those seas are observed to blow a constant equal gale between the north and west. and carried to a farmer's house.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER I. bound for Surat. When the storm was over. but making foul weather. Our course was east-north-east. we set fore-sail and main-sail. and had a good voyage till we passed the Straits of Madagascar. till we arrived at the Cape of Good Hope. we cast off our weatherbraces and lifts. than trying or hulling. The ship wore bravely. being a man well experienced in the navigation of those seas. but discovering a leak. by nature and fortune. the wind was at south-west. main-top-sail. Captain John Nicholas.] Having been condemned. and hauled aft the fore-sheet. a Cornish man. bid us all prepare against a storm. on the 20th day of June. and brought the ship to. is seized by one of the natives. which was followed by a strong wind west-south. Finding it was likely to overblow. and hauled forward by the weather. as our captain found by an observation he took the 2nd of May. I again left my native country. and took shipping in the Downs. We then set sail. and it was a perfect calm. 1702. and hauled over the mizen tack to windward.bowlings. We belayed the fore down-haul. we looked the guns were all fast. and we knew that the top-mast being aloft. we unshipped our goods and wintered there. and made better way through the sea. and hauled them tight. We reefed the fore-sail and set him. at which time the wind ceased. where we landed for fresh water. and the fore-top-sail. We had a very prosperous gale. commander. so we thought it better spooning before the sea. and got the sail into the ship. about five hundred leagues to the east. but let all stand. to active and restless life. and unbound all the things clear of it. the long boat sent to fetch water. The ship lay very broad off. which accordingly happened the day following: for the southern wind. in the Adventure. whereat I was not a little rejoiced. the winds. the author goes with it to discover the country. Then we set the mizen. on the 19th of April began to blow with much greater violence. We would not get down our topmast. and handed the mizen. continuing so for twenty days together: during which time. with several accidents that happened there. and to about five degrees south latitude. we took in our sprit-sail. for the captain falling sick of an ague. [A great storm described.

I returned gently down towards the creek.trumpet: but the noise was so high in the air. and ran to hide myself in the corn. was about twenty feet high. with vessels for water. These people were not so well clad as the first. and seeing nothing to entertain my curiosity. a boy on the top-mast discovered land. I was struck with the utmost fear and astonishment. that at first I certainly thought it was thunder. Here I walked on for some time. On the 17th. if any could be found. I now began to be weary. and a creek too shallow to hold a ship of above one hundred tons. that I might see the country. but that which first surprised me was the length of the grass. This I was afterwards told. as near as I could guess. although it had been to little purpose. and the trees so lofty that I could make no computation of their altitude. the sea thereabouts being full of sharp-pointed rocks. I desired his leave to go with them. On the 16th day of June. It was impossible for me to climb this stile. which gave me some prospect of the country. each hook about the largeness of six scythes. and rowing for life to the ship. because every step was six-feet high. and the sea being full in my view. which might have brought us to the north-west part of Great Tartary. and heard him call in a voice many degrees louder than a speaking. of the same size with him whom I saw in the sea pursuing our boat. came towards him with reaping-hooks in their hands. I fell into a high road. I was an hour walking to the end of this field. and took about ten yards at every stride. We thought it best to hold on the same course.) on the south side whereof was a small neck of land jutting out into the sea. It had four steps. for so I took it to be. and the upper stone about twenty. When we came to land we saw no river or spring. or continent (for we knew not whether. whence I saw him at the top of the stile looking back into the next field on the right hand. 1703. There was a stile to pass from this field into the next. and a stone to cross over when you came to the uppermost. as fast as he could: he waded not much deeper than his knees. I was endeavouring to find some gap in the hedge. and took prodigious strides: but our men had the start of him half a league. in those grounds that seemed to be kept for hay. like himself. we came in full view of a great island. where I observed the country all barren and rocky. which. We cast anchor within a league of this creek. and make what discoveries I could. rather than turn more northerly. Our provisions held out well.gutenberg. but ran as fast as I could the way I first went. when I discovered one of the inhabitants in the next field. Our men therefore wandered on the shore to find out some fresh water near the sea. He appeared as tall as an ordinary spire steeple. I was going to holla after them. and the corn rising at least forty feet. which was fenced in with a hedge of at least one hundred and twenty feet high. advancing towards the stile. I found it fully 52 .Gulliver's Travels sailor on board could not tell in what part of the world we were. though it served to the inhabitants only as a foot-path through a field of barley. but could see little on either side. our ship was staunch. for I durst not stay to see the issue of the adventure. and. 168 169 SiSU www. nor any sign of inhabitants. and our captain sent a dozen of his men well armed in the long-boat. and our crew all in good health. and I walked alone about a mile on the other side. it being now near harvest. Whereupon seven monsters. and then climbed up a steep hill. when I observed a huge creature walking after them in the sea. and into the Frozen Sea. the monster was not able to overtake the boat. but we lay in the utmost distress for water. I saw our men already got into the boat.

when he was again about to move. I could not forbear thinking of Lilliput. at last espied me as I lay on the ground. suitable 170 SiSU www. till I came to a part of the field where the corn had been laid by the rain and wind. He considered awhile. which will be recorded for ever in the chronicles of that empire. It might have pleased fortune. when one of the reapers. and to speak some words in a humble melancholy tone. when they tell us that nothing is great or little otherwise than by comparison. as they were to me. or cut in two with his reaping-hook. looking round about under him for some time. I lay down between two ridges. And therefore. I kept from them at as great a distance as I could. and wholly overcome by grief and dispair. although he grievously pinched my sides. for the stalks were so interwoven. approaching within ten yards of the ridge where I lay. I could not forbear going on with these reflections. for. what could I expect but to be a morsel in the mouth of the first among these enormous barbarians that should happen to seize me? Undoubtedly philosophers are in the right. for fear I should slip through his fingers. as I myself have sometimes done with a weasel in England. by the middle. and brought me within three yards of his eyes. At length he ventured to take me behind. that I could not creep through. against the advice of all my friends and relations. as one single Lilliputian would be among us. and heartily wished I might there end my days. At the same time I heard the reapers not a hundred yards behind me. I reflected what a mortification it must prove to me. But this I conceived was to be the least of my misfortunes. and perform those other actions. and the beards of the fallen ears so strong and pointed. for. Here it was impossible for me to advance a step. in attempting a second voyage. they went to reap the corn in the field where I lay. I lamented my own folly and wilfulness. but was forced to move with extreme difficulty. And who knows but that even this prodigious race of mortals might be equally overmatched in some distant part of the world. that he might behold my shape more perfectly. and. I bemoaned my desolate widow and fatherless children. that they pierced through my clothes into my flesh. All I ventured was to raise mine eyes towards the 53 . whereof we have yet no discovery. while posterity shall hardly believe them. where the people were as diminutive with respect to them. In this terrible agitation of mind. I screamed as loud as fear could make me: whereupon the huge creature trod short. where I was able to draw an imperial fleet in my hand. I guessed his meaning. to appear as inconsiderable in this nation. and my good fortune gave me so much presence of mind. upon some words he spoke. so that I could hardly squeeze my body betwixt them. between his fore-finger and thumb. as human creatures are observed to be more savage and cruel in proportion to their bulk. made me apprehend that with the next step I should be squashed to death under his foot. although attested by millions. whose inhabitants looked upon me as the greatest prodigy that ever appeared in the world. to have let the Lilliputians find some nation. that I resolved not to struggle in the least as he held me in the air above sixty feet from the ground. with the caution of one who endeavours to lay hold on a small dangerous animal in such a manner that it shall not be able either to scratch or bite him. Scared and confounded as I was. However. I made a shift to go forward.gutenberg. for the stalks of the corn were sometimes not above a foot distant. and place my hands together in a supplicating posture. Being quite dispirited with toil.Gulliver's Travels whose servants or labourers they seemed to be.

I pulled off my hat. and the same person I had first seen in the field. and taking his handkerchief out of his pocket. They all sat down in a circle about me. making me a sign to step into it. although he could not understand them. was convinced I must be a rational creature. he doubled and spread it on his left hand. He then placed me softly on the ground upon all fours. 171 172 SiSU www. I thought it best to do. and how well I observed the signs her husband made. but the sound of his voice pierced my ears like that of a water-mill. He called his hinds about him. he put me gently into it. as I could easily do. and made a low bow towards the farmer. when she had a while seen my behaviour.) but could make nothing of it. but she screamed and ran back. which it seems he thought to be some kind of covering that nature had given me.gutenberg. with the remainder of which he lapped me up to the head for further security. for we were wholly unintelligible to each other. I thought it my part to obey. and in this manner carried me home to his house. He spoke often to me. and lifted up my hands and eyes. beside twenty or thirty smaller coins. which he placed flat on the ground with the palm upward. and. who was a substantial farmer. and showed me to her. for fear of falling. whether they had ever seen in the fields any little creature that resembled me. and take up one of my largest pieces. poured all the gold into his palm. but he seemed to be wholly ignorant what they were. took a piece of a small straw. as women in England do at the sight of a toad or a spider. However. and afterwards turned it several times with the point of a pin (which he took out of his sleeve. and began to look upon me as a curiosity. and. and asked them. but I got immediately up. by this time. and turning my head towards my sides. and the purse again into my pocket. after offering it to him several times. lifting up the lappet of his coat. and therewith lifted up the lappets of my coat. laid myself at full length upon the handkerchief. and walked slowly backward and forward. how cruelly I was hurt by the pressure of his thumb and finger. opening it. that he appeared pleased with my voice and gestures. He blew my hairs aside to take a better view of my face. as we usually do any little hateful animal.Gulliver's Travels to the condition I then was in: for I apprehended every moment that he would dash me against the ground. I then took the purse. and he often laid his ear within two yards of me: but all in vain. to let those people see I had no intent to run away. and humbly presented it to him. and then another. The farmer having (as I suppose by their talk) received such an account of me as his servant could give him. Whereupon I made a sign that he should place his hand on the ground. There were six Spanish pieces of four pistoles each. He received it on the palm of his hand. I answered as loud as I could in several languages. He then sent his servants to their work. and immediately ran along with me to his master. He seemed to apprehend my meaning. The farmer. as I afterwards learned. He made me a sign to put them again into my purse. as well as I could. for. I saw him wet the tip of his little finger upon his tongue. for it was not above a foot in thickness. I fell on my knees. then applied it close to his eye to see what it was. But my good star would have it. letting him know. about the size of a walking-staff. the better to observe my motions. much wondering to hear me pronounce articulate words. yet his words were articulate enough. In the mean time I was not able to forbear groaning and shedding tears. There he called his wife. 54 . which we have a mind to destroy. and spoke several words as loud as I could: I took a purse of gold out of my pocket.

I happened to stumble against a crust. But being afraid the boy might owe me a spite. It was only one substantial dish of meat (fit for the plain condition of a husbandman. and puppy dogs. that I was almost deafened with the noise. I made her a low bow. made my master to understand. rabbits. above fifty feet off. When they were sat down. which made the company laugh so heartily. to show no manner of concern. my mistress's favourite cat leaped into her lap. to show I had got no mischief by my fall. But advancing forward towards my master (as I shall henceforth call him. and by degrees grew extremely tender of me. I fell on my knees. and held me so high in the air. And as I have been always told. and a servant brought in dinner. I heard a noise behind me like that of a dozen stocking. is a certain way to make it pursue or attack you. and fell to eat. and in a most respectful manner drank to her ladyship's health. as the indulgent reader will easily conceive and excuse. while her mistress was feeding and stroking her. in this dangerous juncture. that I trembled every limb: but his father snatched me from him. and fell flat on my face. made three huzzas. and seize me in her talons. and made him stroke me gently with it. This liquor tasted like a small cider. and pointing to the boy.) in a dish of about four-andtwenty feet diameter. as I computed by the view of her head. then crumbled some bread on a trencher. I found it proceeded from the purring of that animal.Gulliver's Travels she was soon reconciled.) and waving it over my head. being in great surprise all the time. as well as I could. and kept as far as I could from the edge. an arch boy of about ten years old. The father complied. and one of her paws. I got up immediately. who sat next to him. whereupon I went to him. which my master took. expressing the words as loud as I could in English. for fear she might give a spring. I took my hat (which I held under my arm out of good manners. who seemed to be three times larger than an ox. Then the master made me a sign to come to his trencher side. took me up by the legs. and although my mistress held her fast. for the cat took not the least notice of me when my master placed me within three yards of her. which gave them exceeding delight. young kittens. I took up the vessel with much difficulty in both hands. and filled it with drink. The mistress sent her maid for a small dram cup. which was thirty feet high from the floor. though I stood at the farther end of the table. The fierceness of this creature's countenance altogether discomposed me. The company were. The wife minced a bit of 55 . for fear of falling. took out my knife and fork. and at the same time gave him such a box on the left ear.weavers at work. but as I walked on the table. and observing the good people to be in much concern. and kissed his hand. I was in a terrible fright. and the lad took his seat again.gutenberg. that flying or discovering fear before a fierce animal. so I resolved. I walked with intrepidity five or six times before the very head of the cat. which held about two gallons. three children. as would have felled an European troop of horse to the earth. the farmer and his wife. It was about twelve at noon.) his youngest son. ordering him to be taken from the table. and turning my head. In the midst of dinner. and came within half a yard of her. whereupon she 173 174 SiSU www. and well remembering how mischievous all children among us naturally are to sparrows. But it happened there was no danger. and placed it before me. that I desired his son might be pardoned. and an old grandmother. and found true by experience in my travels. the farmer placed me at some distance from him on the table. but received no hurt. and was not unpleasant.

who presently seized me by the middle. and brought him close. so varied with spots. and let me drop. that the stumps of my beard were ten times stronger than the bristles of a 56 . The nipple was about half the bigness of my head. “one had freckles. I must confess no object ever disgusted me so much as the sight of her monstrous breast. and particularly the features of my master's countenance. that I am as fair as most of my sex and country. “he could discover great holes in my skin.Gulliver's Travels drew herself back. and I should infallibly have broke my neck. and another a greyhound. and the hue both of that and the dug. shape. when I took him up in my hand. only because they are of our own size. and I standing on the table. as it is usual in farmers' houses. however. which I cannot tell what to compare with. he said that my face appeared much fairer and smoother when he looked on me from the ground. and colour. which. and got my head into his mouth. who immediately spied me. The nurse. and freckles. to quiet her babe. my master went out to his labourers. where I roared so loud that the urchin was frighted. and talking upon this subject with a person of learning there. I confess this reflection was obvious enough. I remember when I was at Lilliput. a third too large a nose. gave his wife strict charge to take care of me. who was an intimate friend of mine. if the mother had not held her apron under me. discoursing of the ladies in that emperor's court. On the other side. but not so large.” nothing of which I was able to distinguish. although he was but a farmer. another too wide a mouth. so as to give the curious reader an idea of its bulk. after the usual oratory of infants. that nothing could appear more nauseous: for I had a near sight of her. to get me for a plaything. equal in bulk to four elephants. appeared very well proportioned. It stood prominent six feet. When dinner was done. she sitting down. he used to tell me. This made me reflect upon the fair skins of our English ladies. the nurse came in with a child of a year old in her arms. out of pure indulgence. and put me towards the child. I was very 175 176 177 SiSU www. and their defects not to be seen but through a magnifying glass. and very little sunburnt by all my travels. when I beheld him from the height of sixty feet. pimples. as I could discover by his voice and gesture. as if she were more afraid of me: I had less apprehension concerning the dogs. they are a comely race of people. the more conveniently to give suck. made use of a rattle which was a kind of hollow vessel filled with great stones. and ill-coloured. and could not be less than sixteen in circumference. The mother. and my complexion made up of several colours altogether disagreeable:” although I must beg leave to say for myself. and coarse. where we find by experiment that the smoothest and whitest skins look rough. He said. one of which was a mastiff. lest the reader might think those vast creatures were actually deformed: for I must do them the justice to say. so that she was forced to apply the last remedy by giving it suck. than it did upon a nearer view. the complexion of those diminutive people appeared to me the fairest in the world.gutenberg. and fastened by a cable to the child's waist: but all in vain. which he confessed was at first a very shocking sight. who appear so beautiful to us. I could not forbear. When dinner was almost done. and began a squall that you might have heard from London-Bridge to Chelsea. took me up. whereof three or four came into the room. somewhat taller than the mastiff. and.

but larger and coarser than the mainsail of a man-of-war. however insignificant they may appear to groveling vulgar minds. These creatures were of the size of a large mastiff.gutenberg. While I was under these circumstances. smiling. but infinitely more nimble and fierce. which. I hid myself between two leaves of sorrel. and had locked me in. and found it to be two yards long. which my mistress perceiving. and the other. walked into the garden. and there discharged the necessities of nature. so that if I had taken off my belt before I went to sleep. wanting an inch. and taking me up again in her hand. He fell down at my feet. and drew out my hanger to defend myself. The good woman. I was pressed to do more than one thing which another could not do for me. at so great a distance from the room where I lay to the kitchen where the family kept. I slept about two hours. who seeing me all bloody. with such a voice as mine. between two and three hundred feet wide. whereupon I rose in a fright. and bowing several times. made his escape. and above two hundred high. and wiping it on the lappet of my coat. I walked gently to and fro on the bed. These horrible animals had the boldness to attack me on both sides. yet will certainly help a philosopher to enlarge his thoughts and imagination. where she set me down. that I desired to be set down on the floor. After this exploit. my bashfulness would not suffer me to express myself farther. but I had the good fortune to rip up his belly before he could do me any mischief. Some natural necessities required me to get down. and if I had.Gulliver's Travels much tired. Soon after my mistress came into the room. which I gave him as he fled. I must have infallibly been torn to pieces and devoured. calling the maid to take up the dead rat with a pair of tongs. One of them came up almost to my face. and found myself alone in a vast room. The bed was eight yards from the floor. where I showed her my hanger all bloody. I hope the gentle reader will excuse me for dwelling on these and the like particulars. and made the blood run trickling from him. which after she had done. where it lay still bleeding. and covered me with a clean white handkerchief. she put me on her own bed. but with a strong slash across the neck. but it went against my stomach to drag the carcass off the bed. I pointed to the dead rat. but not without one good wound on the back. lying in a bed twenty yards wide. seeing the fate of his comrade. and throw it out of the window. it would have been in vain. and disposed to sleep. and apply them to the benefit of public as well as private life. I thoroughly despatched it. at last perceived what I would be at. and beckoning to her not to look or to follow me. I went on one side about two hundred yards. and ran smelling backwards and forwards on the 57 . than by pointing to the door. two rats crept up the curtains. I measured the tail of the dead rat. whereat she was extremely rejoiced. My mistress was gone about her household affairs. to recover my breath and loss of spirits. which was my sole design in presenting this and other accounts of my travels to the world. wherein I have been chiefly studious of 178 179 180 SiSU www. with much difficulty. and making other signs to show I was not hurt. ran and took me up in her hand. I observed it had yet some life. I durst not presume to call. and one of them held his fore-feet at my collar. which aggravated my sorrows when I awaked. and dreamt I was at home with my wife and children. Then she set me on a table. and therefore endeavoured to make my mistress understand. returned it to the scabbard.

Gulliver's Travels truth. for fear of being censured as tedious and trifling. But the whole scene of this voyage made so strong an impression on my mind. and is so deeply fixed in my memory. perhaps not without justice. that. Of less moment which were in my first copy. in committing it to paper I did not omit one material circumstance: however. accused.gutenberg. I blotted out several passages. whereof travellers are 58 . upon a strict review. SiSU www. without affecting any ornaments of learning or of style.

for his eyes appeared like the full moon shining into a chamber at two windows. and afterwards the whole kingdom. Her mother and she contrived to fit up the baby's cradle for me against night: the cradle was put into a small drawer of a cabinet. seemed to speak in a little language of its own. [A description of the farmer's daughter. This man. which it likewise imitated in all its actions. she told me the name of it in her own tongue. which indeed was coarser than sackcloth. had already learned several words of theirs. and should be guilty of great ingratitude. This was my bed all the time I staid with those people. drew my hanger. had the finest limbs in the world. to show me as a sight upon a market-day in the next town. This young girl was so handy.] My mistress had a daughter of nine years old. and was a particular friend of my master. went erect upon two legs. and not above forty feet high. and a complexion fairer than a nobleman's daughter of three years old. if I omitted this honourable mention of her care and affection towards me. would come when it was called. so that in a few days I was able to call for whatever I had a mind to. was tame and gentle. put on his spectacles to behold me better. but unhappy instrument of her disgrace. do whatever it was bid. I was immediately produced. and these she constantly washed for me with her own hands. To her I chiefly owe my preservation in that country: we never parted while I was there. and. being little for her 59 . It now began to be known and talked of in the neighbourhood. and the drawer placed upon a hanging shelf for fear of the rats. which was half an 181 182 183 184 SiSU www. instead of being the innocent. he well deserved it. who discovered the cause of my mirth. He had the character of a great miser. came on a visit on purpose to inquire into the truth of this story. by the cursed advice he gave my master. but exactly shaped in every part like a human creature. very dexterous at her needle. I called her my Glumdalclitch. just as my little nurse had instructed me. The author carried to a market-town. though made more convenient by degrees. or little nurse. The word imports what the Latins call nanunculus. and told him HE WAS WELCOME. and some other linen. as I have too much reason to fear. She made me seven shirts. of as fine cloth as could be got. that my master had found a strange animal in the field. who was old and dim-sighted. made my reverence to my master's guest. at which I could not forbear laughing very heartily. asked him in his own language how he did. She gave me the name of Grildrig. to teach me the language: when I pointed to any thing. The particulars of his journey. She was very good-natured. Another farmer. where I walked as I was commanded. as I began to learn their language and make my wants known. to my misfortune. which I heartily wish it lay in my power to requite as she deserves. bore me company in laughing. and the English mannikin. at which the old fellow was fool enough to be angry and out of countenance.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER II. and placed upon a table. though I never gave her that trouble when she would let me do either myself. who lived hard by. the Italians homunceletino. She was likewise my school-mistress. that after I had once or twice pulled off my clothes before her. which the family took up. a child of towardly parts for her age. Our people. about the bigness of a splacnuck. put it up again.gutenberg. and skilful in dressing her baby. and then to the metropolis. she was able to dress and undress me.

I took up a thimble filled with liquor. her papa and mamma had promised that Grildrig should be hers. and direct what I should do. or break one of my limbs by taking me in their hands. he hired the grultrud. if ever I should return to England. My master. and what an indignity I should conceive it. and perform a hundred diverting tricks. about six feet long. I was placed upon a table in the largest room of the inn. how nicely I regarded my honour. to the meanest of the people. I considered myself to be a perfect stranger in the country. and making some necessary preparations. and flourished with it after the manner of fencers in England. and drank their health. I may truly affirm. I guessed there was some mischief when I observed my master and his friend whispering together. which might be near three hundred feet square. However. and fell a weeping with shame and grief. in my condition. and my fears made me fancy that I overheard and understood some of their words. that I should one day recover my liberty: and as to the ignominy of being carried about for a monster. upon a pillion behind him. but now she found they meant to serve her as they did last year. to be exposed for money as a public spectacle. that I was less concerned than my nurse. for me to lie down on.gutenberg. The box was close on every side. I was terribly shaken and discomposed in this journey. and yet. She said. my little nurse.) and in every part of the body resembling a human creature. I walked about on the table as the girl commanded. and I answered them as loud as I could. to avoid a crowd. pursuant to the advice of his friend. she asked me questions. though it was but of half an hour: for the horse went about forty feet at every step and trotted so high. when they pretended to give her a lamb. and after consulting awhile with the inn-keeper. but much more frequent. which Glumdalclitch had given me for a cup. as far as she knew my understanding of the language reached. as soon as it was fat. said THEY WERE WELCOME. not so big as a splacnuck (an animal in that country very finely shaped. The girl had been so careful as to put the quilt of her baby's bed into it. I drew out my hanger. My master alighted at an inn which he used to frequent. with a little door for me to go in and out. which never left me. must have undergone the same distress. that the agitation was equal to the rising and falling of a ship in a great storm. 185 186 SiSU www. and took along with him his little daughter. about two-and-twenty miles from our house. who might squeeze me to death. My little nurse stood on a low stool close to the table. could speak several words. Alban's. The poor girl laid me on her 60 . My master. or crier. She had also observed how modest I was in my nature. sold it to a butcher. paid my humble respects. Our journey was somewhat farther than from London to St. But the next morning Glumdalclitch. to give notice through the town of a strange creature to be seen at the sign of the Green Eagle. She apprehended some mischief would happen to me from rude vulgar folks. and a few gimlet holes to let in air.Gulliver's Travels hour's riding. would suffer only thirty people at a time to see me. and used some other speeches I had been taught. For my own part. and that such a misfortune could never be charged upon me as a reproach. my nurse. My nurse gave me a part of a straw. since the king of Great Britain himself. I turned about several times to the company. told me the whole matter. carried me in a box the next market-day to the neighbouring town. sometimes pointing at me. to take care of me. I had a strong hope. which she had cunningly picked out from her mother.

and to step out of the road for fifty or a hundred miles. where he might expect custom. We made easy journeys. for those who had seen me made such wonderful reports. which very narrowly missed me. My master gave public notice that he would show me again the next market-day. I was that day shown to twelve sets of company. hearing of my fame. and I was shown in eighteen large towns. who rode after us with the luggage. My master's design was to show me in all the towns by the way. on purpose to spare me. My master. and upon the 17th of August. we set out for the metropolis. However. that it would have infallibly knocked out my brains. We passed over five or six rivers. although it were only to a single family. benches were set round the table at such a distance as to put me out of every body's reach. or person of quality's house. She carried me on her lap. would not suffer any one to touch me except my nurse. for I was so tired with my first journey. till I was half dead with weariness and vexation. Having therefore provided himself with all things necessary for a long journey. in a box tied about her waist. besides many villages. complained she was tired with the trotting of the 61 . so that for some time I had but little ease every day of the week (except Wednesday. resolved to carry me to the most considerable cities of the kingdom. and turned out of the room. having learnt the art in my youth. The girl had lined it on all sides with the softest cloth she could get. or speak a word. finding how profitable I was likely to be. It was at least three days before I recovered my strength. There could not be fewer than thirty persons with their wives and children (for the country is very populous. but always held me fast by a leading-string.) although I were not carried to the town.) and my master demanded the rate of a full room whenever he showed me at home. and settled his affairs at home. which he had reason enough to do. an unlucky school-boy aimed a hazel nut directly at my head. and about three thousand miles distance from our house. of not above seven or eight score miles a-day. all the neighbouring gentlemen from a hundred miles round. We had no other company but a boy of the house. which is their Sabbath. and as often forced to act over again the same fopperies. for it was almost as large as a small pumpkin. situate near the middle of that empire. provided me with linen and other necessaries. and in the meantime he prepared a convenient vehicle for me. about two months after my arrival. well quilted underneath. and made everything as convenient as she could.gutenberg. furnished it with her baby's bed. 187 188 189 SiSU www. he took leave of his wife. and with entertaining company for eight hours together. She often took me out of my box. otherwise it came with so much violence. for his own interest. to any village. 1703. and that I might have no rest at home. for Glumdalclitch. and show me the country. that I could hardly stand upon my legs. and to prevent danger. and private families.Gulliver's Travels which I exercised as a pike. My master. My master made his daughter Glumdalclitch ride behind him. came to see me at my master's own house. that the people were ready to break down the doors to come in. at my own desire. to give me air. many degrees broader and deeper than the Nile or the Ganges: and there was hardly a rivulet so small as the Thames at London-bridge. We were ten weeks in our journey. but I had the satisfaction to see the young rogue well beaten.

Besides. My master took a lodging in the principal street of the 62 . not far from the royal palace. that was spoken to me. and at leisure hours during our journey.Gulliver's Travels On the 26th day of October we arrived at the metropolis. I had learnt their alphabet. and as many high. 190 SiSU www. to the wonder and satisfaction of all people. He provided a table sixty feet in diameter. I could now speak the language tolerably well. upon which I was to act my part.gutenberg. and interpreted the words. called in their language Lorbrulgrud. and could make a shift to explain a sentence here and there. or Pride of the Universe. it was a common treatise for the use of young girls. She carried a little book in her pocket. He hired a large room between three and four hundred feet wide. for Glumdalclitch had been my instructor while we were at home. to prevent my falling over. containing an exact description of my person and parts. I was shown ten times a-day. and put out bills in the usual form. giving a short account of their religion: out of this she taught me my letters. and perfectly understood every word. not much larger than a Sanson's Atlas. and pallisadoed it round three feet from the edge.

and continue to be my nurse and instructor. who apprehended I could not live a month. when the farmer was gone out of the apartment. The farmer observed it. was ready enough to part with me. She asked. after I was set on the table. and in as few words as I could. a sardral. were beyond measure delighted with my demeanour. resolved to make as good a hand of me as he could. bidding me farewell. “since I was now her majesty's most humble creature and vassal. He is in high favour with the queen. and humbly answered “that I was my master's slave: but. An apartment at court provided for the author.” She then asked my master. or gentlemanusher. The queen buys him of his master the farmer.gutenberg. The queen observed my coldness. and the price he had now sold me for. and presents him to the king. and understood to do it so well. He disputes with his majesty's great scholars. might be admitted into her service. Some of the latter had already been to see me. but allowing for the proportion of all things between that country and Europe. and the high price of gold among them.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER III. and concluding I must soon die. I must beg the favour. That the life I had since led was laborious enough to kill an animal of ten times my strength. and easily got the farmer's consent. “whether I could be content to live at court?” I bowed down to the board of the table. and was almost reduced to a skeleton. and the poor girl herself was not able to hide her joy.] The frequent labours I underwent every day. only making him a slight bow. His quarrels with the queen's dwarf. but this gracious princess held out her little finger towards me. I should be proud to devote my life to her majesty's service. who had always tended me with so much care and kindness. My late master withdrew. and those who attended her. behaviour. found by chance in his fields: which obligation was amply recompensed. While he was thus reasoning and resolving with himself. and demanded a thousand pieces of gold. and. I then said to the queen. I fell on my knees. He stands up for the honour of his own country. that Glumdalclitch. the more insatiable he grew. came from court.” Her majesty agreed to my petition. I made bold to tell her majesty. “whether he was willing to sell me at a good price?” He. was hardly so great a sum as a thousand guineas would be in England. [The author sent for to court. made. which were ordered him on the 63 . I had quite lost my stomach. than his not dashing out the brains of a poor harmless creature. by the gain he had made in showing me through half the kingdom. asked me the reason. a very considerable change in my health: the more my master got by me. in a few weeks. commanding my master to carry me immediately thither for the diversion of the queen and her ladies. Her majesty. by the continual drudgery of entertaining 191 192 193 194 195 SiSU www. to which I replied not a word. who was glad enough to have his daughter preferred at court. She made me some general questions about my country and my travels. and reported strange things of my beauty. “that I owed no other obligation to my late master. which I embraced in both my arms. and saying he had left me in a good service. and begged the honour of kissing her imperial foot. which I answered as distinctly. and put the tip of it with the utmost respect to my lip. and good sense. That my health was much impaired. if I were at my own disposal. each piece being about the bigness of eight hundred moidores.

by many learned arguments. a prince of much gravity and austere countenance. and did not suit the polite style of a court. asked the queen after a cold manner “how long it was since she grew fond of a splacnuck?” for such it seems he took me to be. The latter part was altogether framed in the style peculiar to that people.” This was the sum of my speech. which I did in a very few words: and Glumdalclitch who attended at the cabinet door. for I already found my spirits revive. however. His majesty sent for three great scholars. and that. while she was carrying me to court. and saw me walk erect. The queen.gutenberg. the ornament of nature. the phoenix of the creation. and an imperfect knowledge in the language. with some others. conceived I might be a piece of clock-work (which is in that country arrived to a very great perfection) contrived by some ingenious artist. by the influence of her most august presence. if my master had not thought my life in danger. had been educated in the study of philosophy. The king. before I began to speak. delivered with great improprieties and hesitation. But as I was out of all fear of being ill-treated under the protection of so great and good an empress. But when he heard my voice. her majesty would not have got so cheap a bargain. and carried me to the king.Gulliver's Travels the rabble every hour of the day. and commanded me to give his majesty an account of myself. whereof I learned some phrases from Glumdalclitch. he put several other questions to me. which they offered. they could not imagine how I should be able to support myself. although he be as learned a person as any in his dominions. He was by no means satisfied with the relation I gave him of the manner I came into his kingdom. either by swiftness. giving great allowance for my defectiveness in speaking. too nimble. confirmed all that had passed from my arrival at her father's house. but thought it a story concerted between Glumdalclitch and her father. or climbing of trees. Upon this imagination. unless I fed upon snails and other insects. to evince that I could not possibly do. who was then retired to his cabinet. with some rustic phrases which I had learned at the farmer's house. who had taught me a set of words to make me sell at a better price. being admitted. and could not endure I should be out of her sight. yet most quadrupeds being an overmatch for me. yet when he observed my shape exactly. or digging holes in the earth. One of these 196 197 198 199 SiSU www. the darling of the world. surprised at so much wit and good sense in so diminutive an animal. were of different opinions concerning me. and still received rational answers: no otherwise defective than by a foreign accent. His majesty. But this princess. because I was not framed with a capacity of preserving my life. They observed by my teeth. These gentlemen. set me gently on my feet upon the scrutoire. the delight of her subjects. after they had a while examined my shape with much nicety. who were then in their weekly waiting. was. who has an infinite deal of wit and humour. so I hoped my late master's apprehensions would appear to be groundless. according to the custom in that country. They all agreed that I could not be produced according to the regular laws of nature. not well observing my shape at first view. and field mice. that I was a carnivorous animal. She took me in her own hand. and found what I delivered to be regular and 64 . which they viewed with great exactness. he could not conceal his astonishment. and particularly mathematics. as I lay upon my breast in her majesty's right hand.

disdaining the old evasion of occult causes. trees. who by good fortune was not yet gone out of town. that I was only relplum scalcath. who was famous for little curiosities. with a cabinet to put my things in. A convenient apartment was provided for her at court: she had a sort of governess appointed to take care of her education. and to find sustenance. He desired the queen to order that a particular care should be taken of me. saying. which I took for a full answer to those gentlemen's arguments. The queen commanded her own cabinet-maker to contrive a box. a determination exactly agreeable to the modern philosophy of Europe. were all in proportion. I entreated to be heard a word or two. as it was manifest from my beard. dismissing his learned men. The board. after the model that Glumdalclitch and I should agree upon. of a substance not unlike ivory. and letting it down at night. that made the ceiling. but the care of me was wholly appropriated to herself. But this opinion was rejected by the other two. because he observed we had a great affection for each other. a door. with sashwindows. to the unspeakable advancement of human knowledge. after several attempts. they concluded unanimously. as any of his majesty's subjects could do here. was near thirty feet high. After this decisive conclusion.” The king. and then confronted him with me and the young girl. whose professors. They would not allow me to be a dwarf. “that I came from a country which abounded with several millions of both sexes. I made a shift to keep the key in a pocket of my own. made the smallest that ever was seen among them. to prevent any accident from the carelessness of those who carried me. and two tables. like a London bed-chamber. sent for the farmer. the stumps whereof they plainly discovered through a magnifying glass. which Glumdalclitch took out every day to air. The smith. I desired a lock for my door. or abortive birth.Gulliver's Travels virtuosi seemed to think that I might be an embryo. the smallest ever known in that kingdom. which is interpreted literally lusus naturae. that might serve me for a bedchamber. for the queen's favourite dwarf. undertook to make me two chairs. to put in a bed ready furnished by her majesty's upholsterer. in three weeks finished for me a wooden chamber of sixteen feet square. and of my own stature. Having therefore first examined him privately. for I have known a larger at the gate of a gentleman's house in England. by consequence. I might be as able to defend myself. and to break the force of a jolt. and where. “that the farmer had instructed me very well in my lesson.gutenberg. a maid to dress her. where the animals. and that I had lived several years. This man was a most ingenious artist. because my littleness was beyond all degrees of comparison. who had a much better understanding. fearing Glumdalclitch 200 SiSU www. and two closets. as well as the floor and the ceiling. was to be lifted up and down by two hinges. and two other servants for menial offices. I applied myself to the king. to prevent rats and mice from coming in. After much debate. whereby the followers of Aristotle endeavoured in vain to disguise their ignorance. who observed my limbs to be perfect and finished. The room was quilted on all sides. with backs and frames. and assured his majesty. A nice workman. and twelve high. and according to my direction. when I went in a coach. and was of opinion that Glumdalclitch should still continue in her office of tending me. his majesty began to think that what we told him might possibly be true. and houses. locked up the roof over me.” To this they only replied with a smile of 65 . have invented this wonderful solution of all difficulties. made it with her own hands.

The queen became so fond of my company. the eldest sixteen years old. which. with the royal issue of both sexes. they love. Glumdalclitch stood on a stool on the floor near my table. although it were nine times as large as that of a full-grown turkey. that she could not dine without me. dine together in the apartment of his majesty. where ten or a dozen of those enormous knives and forks were lifted up together. and his judgment so exact. partly resembling the Persian. and stroking me gently with the other. they betray!” And thus he continued on. that he made very wise reflections and observations upon all I said. laws. The spoons. they cheat. and gave me at meals as I wanted them. to assist and take care of me. and other instruments. set straight upon the handle. and a chair to sit on. and partly the Chinese. out of which I carved for myself. near as tall as the mainmast of the Royal Sovereign. he observed “how contemptible a thing was human grandeur. No person dined with the queen but the two princesses royal. and learning of Europe. But I confess. of our schisms in religion. and are a very grave and decent habit. before one of the salt. I remember when Glumdalclitch carried me. This prince took a pleasure in conversing with me. government. that. as much as a dozen English farmers could eat at a meal. at one mouthful. above a hogshead at a draught.gutenberg. not much thicker than an English blanket. out of curiosity. She drank out of a golden cup. they contrive little nests and burrows. in proportion to those of the queen.cellars. very cumbersome till I was accustomed to them.” says he. to make me clothes. after a hearty fit of laughing. were not much bigger than what I have seen in a London toy-shop for the furniture of a baby-house: these my little nurse kept in her pocket in a silver box. which to me was for some time a very nauseous sight. The queen likewise ordered the thinnest silks that could be gotten. It is the custom. the prejudices of his education prevailed so far. They were after the fashion of the kingdom. to whom I was now become a great favourite. between her teeth. and parties in the state. that every Wednesday (which. I thought I had never till then beheld so terrible a sight. they fight. I had a table placed upon the same at which her majesty ate. and other 66 . and her diversion was to see me eat in miniature: for the queen (who had indeed but a weak stomach) took up. and at these times. which could be mimicked by such diminutive insects as I: and yet. who waited behind him with a white staff. that they call houses and cities. inquiring into the manners. “whether I was a whig or tory?” Then turning to his first minister. Her knives were twice as long as a scythe. they dispute. they make a figure in dress and equipage. “I dare engage these creatures have their titles and distinctions of honour. as I have observed. my little chair and table were placed at his left hand. wherein I gave him the best account I was able. forks. were all in the same proportion. of our trade and wars by sea and land. bones and all. to see some of the tables at court. and the younger at that time thirteen and a month. religion. that he could not forbear taking me up in his right hand. and put a bit of bread into her mouth as big as two twelvepenny loaves. after I had been a little too copious in talking of my own beloved country. just at her left elbow. is their Sabbath) the king and queen.Gulliver's Travels might lose it. while my colour came and went several times. His apprehension was so clear. asked me. I had an entire set of silver dishes and plates. always cleaning them herself. She would craunch the wing of a lark. Her majesty used to put a bit of meat upon one of my dishes. 201 202 SiSU www.

this malicious little cub was so nettled with something I had said to him. the seat of virtue. and took me out. and let me drop into a large silver bowl of cream. Nothing angered and mortified me so much as the queen's dwarf. the pride and envy of the world. so upon mature thoughts I began to doubt whether I was injured or no. which was utterly spoiled. not thinking any harm. Her majesty had taken a marrow-bone upon her plate. when the queen used to place me upon her hand towards a looking-glass. the horror I had at first conceived from their bulk and aspect was so far worn off. Neither. placed the bone again in the dish erect. I received no other damage than the loss of a suit of clothes. after knocking out the marrow. while Glumdalclitch was gone to 203 204 205 SiSU www. by which both our persons appeared before me in full view together. the arbitress of Europe. I should have been strongly tempted to laugh as much at them as the king and his grandees did at me. became so insolent at seeing a creature so much beneath him. forced to drink up the bowl of cream into which he had thrown me: neither was he ever restored to favour. and such repartees as are usually in the mouths of court pages. and as a farther punishment. that if I had then beheld a company of English lords and ladies in their finery and birth-day clothes. which set the queen a. watching his opportunity. that she wanted presence of mind to assist me. He had before served me a scurvy trick. and then ran away as fast as he could. he took me up by the middle. could I forbear smiling at myself. after I had swallowed above a quart of cream. to my very great satisfaction. and he seldom failed of a smart word or two upon my littleness. acting their several parts in the most courtly manner of strutting. and would have immediately cashiered him. and. who being of the lowest stature that was ever in that country (for I verily think he was not full thirty feet high). For. The dwarf was soundly whipt. But my little nurse ran to my relief. to hear our noble country. challenging him to wrestle. so contemptuously treated. at dinner. and there could be nothing more ridiculous than the comparison. after having been accustomed several months to the sight and converse of this people. and. for I could not tell to what extremities such a malicious urchin might have carried his resentment. if I had not been so generous as to intercede. while I was standing on some table talking with the lords or ladies of the court. One day. the scourge of France. raising himself upon the frame of her majesty's chair. against which I could only revenge myself by calling him brother.laughing. as it stood before. the mistress of arts and arms. indeed. I fell over head and ears. honour.gutenberg. the 67 . I was put to bed: however.Gulliver's Travels with indignation. as I was sitting down. that. it might have gone very hard with me. if I had not been a good swimmer. and truth. for Glumdalclitch in that instant happened to be at the other end of the room. and prating. that he would always affect to swagger and look big as he passed by me in the queen's antechamber. although at the same time she was heartily vexed. to say the truth. and observed every object upon which I cast mine eyes to be of proportionable magnitude. But as I was not in a condition to resent injuries. and the queen was in such a fright. so that I really began to imagine myself dwindled many degrees below my usual size. for soon after the queen bestowed him on a lady of high quality. so that I saw him no more. and bowing. piety.

and kept the fourth for myself. as they flew in the 68 . and attack them in the air. They would sometimes alight upon my victuals. upon my return to England I gave three of them to Gresham College. These insects were as large as partridges: I took out their stings. I was frequently rallied by the queen upon account of my fearfulness. but the rest got away. after I had lifted up one of my sashes. and squeezing my legs together. whose large optics were not so acute as mine. smelling very offensively. and as sharp as needles. which. as we do with cages in England). and leave their loathsome excrement. and putting me in the utmost terror of their stings. However. confounding me with the noise. my legs were not scalded. for I thought it below me to cry out.Gulliver's Travels the side-board. which to me was very visible. with some other curiosities. and divert the queen. I carefully preserved them all. came flying into the room. to catch a number of these insects in his hand. I believe it was near a minute before any one knew what was become of me. It was the common practice of the dwarf. enables those creatures to walk with their feet upwards upon a ceiling. wherein my dexterity was much admired. one morning. above twenty wasps. and these odious insects. on purpose to frighten me. allured by the smell. had no other punishment than a sound whipping. wedged them into the marrow bone above my waist. our naturalists tell us. and she used to ask me whether the people of my country were as great cowards as myself? The occasion was this: the kingdom is much pestered with flies in summer. in several parts of Europe. or forehead. as princes seldom get their meat hot. My remedy was to cut them in pieces with my knife. where I stuck for some time. mounted the stool that she stood on to take care of me at meals. I dispatched four of them. and sat down at my table to eat a piece of sweet cake for my breakfast. and I could easily trace that viscous matter. I remember. The dwarf. others flew about my head and face. humming louder than the drones of as many bagpipes. at my entreaty. as she usually did in fair days to give me air (for I durst not venture to let the box be hung on a nail out of the window. though not to the natives of that country. hardly gave me any rest while I sat at dinner. where they stung me to the quick. Sometimes they would fix upon my nose. with their continual humming and buzzing about mine ears. or spawn behind. found them an inch and a half long. when Glumdalclitch had set me in a box upon a window. Some of them seized my cake.gutenberg. and made a very ridiculous figure. I had the courage to rise and draw my hanger. and I presently shut my window. in viewing smaller objects. But. I had much ado to defend myself against these detestable animals. and having since shown them. as schoolboys do among us. took me up in both hands. each of them as big as a Dunstable lark. only my stockings and breeches in a sad condition. and carried it piecemeal away. and could not forbear starting when they came on my face. and let them out suddenly under my nose. 206 207 SiSU www.

or whether they be inhabited at all. that nature. by joining this vast tract of land to the north. These whales I have known so large. It contains above eighty thousand houses. It is in length three glomglungs (which make about fifty-four English miles. which are altogether impassable. A proposal for correcting modern maps. The chief temple described. of which I leave the reasons to be determined by philosophers. for curiosity. The king's palace. for it contains fifty-one cities. However. that our geographers of Europe are in a great error. so that these people are wholly excluded from any commerce with the rest of the world.west parts of America. On the three other sides. The whole extent of this prince's dominions reaches about six thousand miles in length. the metropolis. which was laid on the ground on purpose for me. near a hundred walled towns. I saw one of them in a dish at the king's table. by supposing nothing but sea between Japan and California. To satisfy my curious reader. it is bounded by the ocean. although I have seen one somewhat larger in Greenland. But the large rivers are full of vessels. on each side the river that passes through. wherein I shall be ready to lend them my assistance. terminated to the north-east by a ridge of mountains thirty miles high. for it was ever my opinion. they are brought in hampers to Lorbrulgrud. as far as I travelled in it. it may be sufficient to describe Lorbrulgrud. and there staid till his majesty returned from viewing his frontiers. that there must be a balance of earth to counterpoise the great continent of Tartary. indeed. and sometimes. never went farther when she accompanied the king in his progresses. is wholly confined to this continent. that there is no venturing with the smallest of their boats. whom I always attended. This city stands upon almost two equal parts. which the common people feed on heartily. computing by the scale. that a man could hardly carry one upon his shoulders. as I measured it myself in the royal map made by the king's order. and.] I now intend to give the reader a short description of this country.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER IV. and abound with excellent fish. by reason of the volcanoes upon the tops: neither do the most learned know what sort of mortals inhabit beyond those mountains. in the production of plants and animals of so extraordinary a 69 . measured it pretty exactly. and consequently not worth catching. [The country described. and therefore they ought to correct their maps and charts. the bigness disgusted him. which was not above two thousand miles round Lorbrulgrud. for I think. and from three to five in breadth: whence I cannot but conclude. and extended a hundred feet: I paced the diameter and circumference several times barefoot. which passed for a rarity. There is not one seaport in the whole kingdom: and those parts of the coasts into which the rivers issue. whereby it is manifest. and about six hundred thousand inhabitants. For the queen. for they seldom get any from the sea. The kingdom is a peninsula. but I did not observe he was fond of it. and the sea generally so rough. 208 209 210 211 212 SiSU www. The country is well inhabited.) and two and a half in breadth. because the sea fish are of the same size with those in Europe.gutenberg. now and then they take a whale that happens to be dashed against the rocks. are so full of pointed rocks. and some account of the metropolis. The author's way of travelling. and a great number of villages.

it was made by the same artist. where the beggars. and place it upon a cushion before him. or go among the shops. to prevent accidents in long journeys. There was a fellow with a wen in his neck. two chairs and a table. Besides the large box in which I was usually carried. the sight was so nauseous. And having been long used to 70 . to prevent being tossed about by the agitation of the horse or the coach.Gulliver's Travels The king's palace is no regular edifice. when I was weary of the coach. the queen ordered a smaller one to be made for me. and hold me in her hand. for the convenience of travelling. indeed. at my own desire. that I might more conveniently view the houses and the people. as we passed along the streets. and their snouts with which they rooted like swine. with a window in the middle of three of the squares. I reckoned our coach to be about a square of Westminster-hall. or were disposed to see the gardens. They were the first I had ever beheld. carried in my box. swelled to a monstrous size. watching their opportunity. when Glumdalclitch happened to be out of order. after the fashion of the country. much better than those of a European louse through a microscope. whom I directed in the whole contrivance. and covered my whole body. wherein her governess frequently took her out to see the town. and there I had a full prospect of the country on three sides. if I had had proper instruments. This travelling-closet was an exact square. would often take me out. and cumbersome in the coach. But the most hateful sight of all. that it perfectly turned my stomach. hung from the ceiling. put a leathern belt. although the girl. through which the person that carried me. whether I attended the king and queen in their progresses. because the other was somewhat too large for Glumdalclitch's lap. which had no window. although. which Glumdalclitch held in her lap in a kind of open sedan. from my three windows. of about twelve feet square. 213 214 215 SiSU www. than any merit of my own. I suppose more upon account of their majesties' favour. A coach was allowed to Glumdalclitch and me. in whom I could confide. and another. crowded to the sides of the coach. it was always in my travelling-closet. and buckled it about his waist. in this closet. larger than five wool-packs. which I unluckily left behind me in the ship. when I had a mind to be on horseback. although sometimes very violent. two strong staples were fixed. and each window was latticed with iron wire on the outside. There was a woman with a cancer in her breast. but not altogether so high: however.gutenberg. each about twenty feet high. about seven miles round: the chief rooms are generally two hundred and forty feet high. for I soon began to be known and esteemed among the greatest officers. those motions. This was always the office of some grave trusty servant. I had. In journeys. On the fourth side. and I should have been curious enough to dissect one of them. in two or three of which I could have easily crept. I could see distinctly the limbs of these vermin with my naked eye. with a couple of wooden legs. or pay a visit to some great lady or minister of state in the court. neatly screwed to the floor. a field-bed and a hammock. One day the governess ordered our coachman to stop at several shops. but a heap of buildings. and ten high. and gave me the most horrible spectacle that ever a European eye beheld. did not much discompose me. a servant on horseback would buckle on my box. and I was always of the party. full of holes. and broad and long in proportion. I cannot be very exact. was the lice crawling on their clothes. Whenever I had a mind to see the town.

which is reckoned the highest in the 71 . as the cupola at St. Glumdalclitch wrapped it up in her handkerchief. But if I should describe the kitchen grate. and attended by two others in the queen's livery. as children at her age usually are. whereof I shall find another occasion to speak. with many other particulars. to which. the prodigious pots and kettles. His majesty seldom keeps above six hundred horses in his stables: they are generally from fifty-four to sixty feet high. for the height is not above three thousand feet. who had often heard of me. nor at all equal in proportion (if I rightly remember) to Salisbury steeple. Paul's: for I measured the latter on purpose. but I may truly say I came back disappointed. The great oven is not so wide. till I saw part of his army in battalia. by a false and diminutive representation. I shall acknowledge myself extremely obliged. indeed. built of hewn stone. perhaps I should be hardly believed. to keep among other trinkets. by ten paces. reckoning from the ground to the highest pinnacle top. larger than the life. and that if this treatise should happen to be translated into the language of Brobdingnag (which is the general name of that kingdom. The king's kitchen is indeed a noble building. of which the girl was very fond. the king and his people would have reason to complain that I had done them an injury. and lay unperceived among some rubbish. The people. and about six hundred feet high. the joints of meat turning on the spits. after my return. and carried it home in her pocket.Gulliver's Travels borne by four men. 216 217 218 SiSU www. which. that I might be more conveniently seen. and found it exactly four feet and an inch in length. But. But. allowing for the difference between the size of those people and us in Europe. at least a severe critic would be apt to think I enlarged a little. I was very desirous to see the chief temple. that whatever this famous tower wants in height. and to take me in her hand.) and transmitted thither. Accordingly one day my nurse carried me thither. during my life. cut in marble. were very curious to crowd about the sedan. I thought was the most splendid sight that could be ever beheld. placed in their several niches. not to detract from a nation. whereof each is about forty feet square. To avoid which censure I fear I have run too much into the other extreme. it must be allowed. and adorned on all sides with statues of gods and emperors. and the girl was complaisant enough to make the bearers stop. when he goes abroad on solemn days. by a military guard of five hundred horse. as travellers are often suspected to do. he is attended. is amply made up in beauty and strength: for the walls are near a hundred feet thick.gutenberg. I measured a little finger which had fallen down from one of these statues. is no great matter for admiration. for state. vaulted at top. which. and particularly the tower belonging to it.

that I might enjoy my own thoughts. on the lee-side of a border of lemon-thyme. who. that I could not go abroad in ten days. and my nurse having set me down. or set me down to walk. a hailstone is near eighteen hundred times as large as one in Europe. which I can assert upon experience. In a few minutes I came to myself. that I was carried between his teeth without the least hurt. and he carried me safe to my little nurse. by this time. because nature. as if I had been pelted with tennis-balls. and would sometimes take me out of it. came tumbling about my ears. and out of hearing. a small white spaniel that belonged to one of the chief gardeners. but so bruised from head to 72 . to avoid the trouble of carrying it. because I had given the provocation. and had a great kindness for me. ran straight to his master wagging his tail. having got by accident into the garden. in that country. had returned to the place where she left me.) and having left my box at home. the malicious rogue. near some dwarf apple trees. by a silly allusion between him and the trees. In the meantime. and set me gently on the ground. Another day. and asked me how I did? but I was so amazed and out of breath. was in a terrible fright: he gently took me up in both his hands. and hold me in her hand. struck to the ground: and when I was down. he followed us one day into those gardens. however. went to another part of the garden with her governess and some ladies of her acquaintance. came directly up. The execution of a criminal. and the dwarf was pardoned at my desire. the hailstones gave me such cruel bangs all over the body. Glumdalclitch left me on a smooth grass-plot to divert myself. when my little nurse. While she was absent. The author shows his skill in navigation. but I received no other hurt. or even tearing my clothes. there suddenly fell such a violent shower of hail. and shelter myself. observing the same proportion through all her operations. when I was walking under one of them. nor answer 219 220 221 222 223 SiSU www. happened to range near the place where I lay: the dog. by which a dozen apples. some of which I shall venture to relate. one of them hit me on the back as I chanced to stoop. But a more dangerous accident happened to me in the same garden. if my littleness had not exposed me to several ridiculous and troublesome accidents. following the scent. who knew me well. I must needs show my wit. watching his opportunity. shook it directly over my head.gutenberg. that I was immediately by the force of it.] I should have lived happy enough in that country. he and I being close together. Glumdalclitch often carried me into the gardens of the court in my smaller box. before the dwarf left the queen. By good fortune he had been so well taught. Neither is this at all to be wondered at. Whereupon.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER V. I remember. [Several adventurers that happened to the author. each of them near as large as a Bristol barrel. and was in cruel agonies when I did not appear. while she walked at some distance with her governess. that I could not speak a word. I made a shift to creep on all fours. believing she had put me in a secure place (which I often entreated her to do. having been so curious as to weigh and measure them. by lying flat on my face. and knocked me down flat on my face. which happens to hold in their language as it does in ours. But the poor gardener. and taking me in his mouth.

She severely reprimanded the gardener on account of his dog. to excuse myself for spoiling my clothes. as to myself. to hunt for worms or snails. took the freedom in a warm day. and if I had not resolutely drawn my hanger. When I attempted to catch any of these birds. for whom I have all manner of respect.gutenberg. to say the truth. I remember. and that those illustrious persons were no more disagreeable to their lovers. I thought it would not be for my reputation. But I was soon relieved by one of our servants. than people of the same quality are with us in England. walking to the top of a fresh mole-hill. who wrung off the bird's neck. and then they would hop back unconcerned. recovering himself gave me so many boxes with his wings. and coined some lie. through which that animal had cast up the earth. I took a thick cudgel. to complain of a strong smell about me. with his bill. I found their natural smell was much more supportable. a of cake that Glumdalclitch had just given me for my breakfast. I cannot forget. as near as I can remember. after all. which I happened to stumble over. but I conceive that my sense was more acute in proportion to my littleness. a thrush had the confidence to snatch out of my hand. than when they used perfumes. and truly. the bird. that I was twenty times thinking to let him go. as I was walking alone and thinking on poor England. in those solitary walks. and desired she would bring me along with her. And. I likewise broke my right shin against the shell of a snail. he would have certainly carried me away in his talons. as they did before. I fell to my neck in the hole. and therefore concealed from her some little unlucky adventures. or to each other. This linnet.Gulliver's Travels when she called. that I knocked him down. and was out of the reach of his claws. by the queen's command. to the disadvantage of those excellent ladies. when I had used a good deal of exercise. or intend. looking for worms and other food. The maids of honour often invited Glumdalclitch to their apartments. and threw it with all my strength so luckily. seemed to be somewhat larger than an English swan. and never known at court. Another time. though I held him at arm's-length. endeavouring to peck my fingers. but would hop about within a yard's distance. However. with as much indifference and security as if no creature at all were near them. that such a story should go about. 224 225 226 SiSU www. I had been long afraid of this resolution. for the girl was afraid of the queen's anger. not worth remembering. which I durst not venture within their reach. and seizing him by the neck with both my hands. and I had him next day for dinner. and lay me at full length in their bosoms. hovering over the garden. But the thing was hushed up. wherewith I was much disgusted because. who had only been stunned. that the smaller birds did not appear to be at all afraid of me. on purpose to have the pleasure of seeing and touching me. ran with him in triumph to my nurse. and run under a thick espalier. But one day. This accident absolutely determined Glumdalclitch never to trust me abroad for the future out of her sight. a very offensive smell came from their skins. that an intimate friend of mine in Lilliput. under which I immediately swooned away. that happened in those times when I was left by myself. made a stoop at me. They would often strip me naked from top to toe. I cannot tell whether I were more pleased or mortified to observe. which I do not mention. they would boldly turn against me. on both sides of my head and 73 . at a linnet. Once a kite.

with many other tricks. while I was placed on their toilet. came and pressed them both to see an execution. who had murdered one of that gentleman's intimate acquaintance. and his head cut off at one blow. But I was so much displeased. When it was finished. although I was at least half an English mile distant. in a vessel that held above three tuns. I was forced to work like a common mariner.Gulliver's Travels although I am as little faulty that way. and so high in the air. the queen was so delighted. as mine was to that of this people. One day. and put on their smocks in my presence. Her majesty said. and by my instructions. wherein the reader will excuse me for not being over particular. for she was naturally tender-hearted: and. and hairs hanging from it thicker than packthreads. That which gave me most uneasiness among these maids of honour (when my nurse carried me to visit then) was. to see them use me without any manner of ceremony. her own joiner should make it. when I saw them near. with me in it. as for myself. who was nephew to my nurse's governess. Neither did they at all scruple. would sometimes set me astride upon one of her nipples. who ordered it to be put into a cistern full of water. like a creature who had no sort of consequence: for they would strip themselves to the skin. The queen. in ten days. which I am sure to me was very far from being a tempting sight. The fellow was an ingenious workman. by 227 228 229 SiSU www. The handsomest among these maids of honour. and Glumdalclitch my nurse. or from giving me any other emotions than those of horror and disgust: their skins appeared so coarse and uneven. and took all occasions to divert me when I was melancholy. and she would provide a place for me to sail in. if I would contrive a boat. frolicsome girl of sixteen. that the great jet d'eau at Versailles was not equal to it for the time it lasted: and the head. asked me whether I understood how to handle a sail or an oar. Glumdalclitch was prevailed on to be of the company. directly before their naked bodies. where the smallest wherry was equal to a first-rate man of war among us. so variously coloured. But I could not see how this could be done in their country. The malefactor was fixed in a chair upon a scaffold erected for that purpose. that she ran with it in her lap to the king. Upon this point. finished a pleasure-boat with all its tackling. very much against her inclination. I cannot forbear doing justice to the queen my mistress. whose persons were as sweet as those of any lady in England. yet often. with a sword of about forty feet long. The veins and arteries spouted up such a prodigious quantity of blood. with a mole here and there as broad as a trencher. who often used to hear me talk of my 74 . although I abhorred such kind of spectacles. able conveniently to hold eight Europeans.gutenberg. yet my curiosity tempted me to see something that I thought must be extraordinary. as most of my sex: but I suppose his faculty of smelling was as nice with regard to me. that I entreated Glumdalclitch to contrive some excuse for not seeing that young lady any more. It was of a man. a pleasant. while I was by. upon a pinch. gave such a bounce as made me start. and such a boat as I could manage would never live in any of their rivers. to the quantity of at least two hogsheads. to say nothing farther concerning the rest of their persons. that I understood both very well: for although my proper employment had been to be surgeon or doctor to the ship. to discharge what they had drank. when it fell on the scaffold floor. and whether a little exercise of rowing might not be convenient for my health? I answered. a young gentleman.

I banged it a good while with one of my sculls. Glumdalclitch always carried back my boat into her closet. the head of the pin passing between my shirt and the waistband of my breeches. one of the servants. while I showed my art by steering starboard or larboard as I pleased. and then my business was only to steer. and hung it on a nail to dry. Sometimes I would put up my sail. yet I ventured to look out. and thus I was held by the middle in the air. The largeness of its features made it appear the most deformed animal that can be conceived. till Glumdalclitch ran to my relief. peeping in at the door and every window. and two servants could easily fill it in half an hour. seeing a resting. by the luckiest chance in the world. Glumdalclitch had locked me up in her 75 . one of the pages having put my boat into the trough. or little oars. It had a cock near the bottom to let out the water. climbed up. to prevent leaking. when they were weary. who thought themselves well entertained with my skill and agility. but then. and then I saw this frolicsome animal frisking and leaping up and down. in an outer room of the palace. which he seemed to view with great pleasure and curiosity. and at last forced it to leap out of the boat. The weather being very warm. In this exercise I once met an accident. The frog lay concealed till I was put into my boat. I desired Glumdalclitch to let me deal with it alone. was placed on the floor. while she went somewhere upon business. that I wanted presence of mind to conceal myself under 230 231 232 SiSU in which I usually lived. to prevent overturning. When the frog was got in. or box. while the ladies gave me a gale with their fans. and. and skip about from one side to the other: whereat. backward and forward. As I sat quietly meditating at my table. But the queen had before contrived another project. whose office it was to fill my trough every third day with fresh water. if. But the greatest danger I ever underwent in that kingdom. I heard something bounce in at the closet-window. I retreated to the farther corner of my room. along the wall. who belonged to one of the clerks of the kitchen. and made it lean so much on one side. that I was forced to balance it with all my weight on the other. the governess who attended Glumdalclitch very officiously lifted me up. it hopped at once half the length of the boat. being well pitched. but not stirring from my seat. which. the closet-window was left open. Another time. till at last he came to my box. She ordered the joiner to make a wooden trough of three hundred feet long. or a visit. some of their pages would blow my sail forward with their breath.Gulliver's Travels way of trial. as well as that of the queen and her ladies. and should infallibly have fallen down forty feet upon the floor. However. fifty broad. although I was much alarmed. because of its largeness and conveniency. when it began to grow stale. to place me in the boat: but I happened to slip through her fingers. and then over my head. for want of room. for.gutenberg. was from a monkey. put me in such a fright. and eight deep. which had like to have cost me my life. daubing my face and clothes with its odious slime. as well as the windows and the door of my bigger box. I had not been stopped by a corking-pin that stuck in the good gentlewoman's stomacher. where I could not manage my two sculls. When I had done. was so careless as to let a huge frog (not perceiving it) slip out of his pail. but the monkey looking in at every side. Here I often used to row for my own diversion.

he at length seized the lappet of my coat (which being made of that country silk. the sight was ridiculous enough to every body but myself. without question. and putting me into his breeches pocket. holding me like a baby in one of his forepaws. When I attended the king after my recovery. and reaching one of his paws in at the door. he at last espied me. brought me down safe. and an order made. and dragged me out. but an honest lad.Gulliver's Travels the bed.gutenberg. The ladders were now applied. five hundred yards from the ground. that no such animal should be kept about the palace. for. and holding me in the fourth. and when I offered to struggle he squeezed me so 76 . by his often stroking my face very gently with his other paw. as a cat does when she plays with a mouse. He took me up in his right fore-foot and held me as a nurse does a child she is going to suckle. and finding himself almost encompassed. while I lay in the monkey's paw. that I thought it more prudent to submit. sent every day to inquire after my health. although I often shifted place to avoid him. not being able to make speed enough with his three legs. to return him thanks for his favours. one of my nurse's footmen. as I might easily have done. or else. or to fall by my own giddiness. let me drop on a ridge tile. the monkey was seen by hundreds in the court. grinning. “that in Europe we had no monkeys. which gave me great relief. and all the court. very probably. how I liked the victuals he gave me. expecting every moment to be blown down by the wind. queen. climbed up. walking upon three legs. The king. I was almost choked with the filthy stuff the monkey had crammed down my throat: but my dear little nurse picked it out of my mouth with a small needle. The poor girl was almost distracted: that quarter of the palace was all in an uproar. that he took me for a young one of his own species. The monkey was killed. was very thick and strong). I have good reason to believe. and thence upon the leads and gutters.” I told his majesty. as if somebody were opening it: whereupon he suddenly leaped up to the window at which he had come in. and then I fell a-vomiting. and mounted by several men. and made his escape. hoping to drive the monkey down. he was pleased to rally me a good deal upon this adventure. but this was strictly forbidden. “what I would have done upon such an occasion in my own country. Some of the people threw up stones. my brains had been dashed out. In these diversions he was interrupted by a noise at the closet door. “what my thoughts and speculations were. the servants ran for ladders. by cramming into my mouth some victuals he had squeezed out of the bag on one side of his chaps. which the monkey observing. and feeding me with the other. sitting upon the ridge of a building. till he clambered up to a roof that was next to ours.” He desired to know. his manner of feeding. neither do I think they justly ought to be blamed. just as I have seen the same sort of creature do with a kitten in Europe. and patting me when I would not eat. and whether the fresh air on the roof had sharpened my stomach. and come tumbling over and over from the ridge to the eaves. and chattering. Here I sat for some time. He asked me. that I was forced to keep my bed a fortnight. whereat many of the rabble below could not forbear laughing. Yet I was so weak and bruised in the sides with the squeezes given me by this odious animal. I heard Glumdalclitch give a shriek at the moment he was carrying me out. After some time spent in peeping. except such as 233 234 235 SiSU www. and her majesty made me several visits during my sickness.

net 77 . whenever I committed any folly that she thought would be diverting to her majesty. if they presumed to attack me. how vain an attempt it is for a man to endeavour to do himself honour among those who are out of all degree of equality or comparison with him. 236 SiSU www. I was every day furnishing the court with some ridiculous story: and Glumdalclitch. And as for that monstrous animal with whom I was so lately engaged (it was indeed as large as an elephant). The girl. I waded through with some difficulty. and my nurse confined me to my box. which all the respect due to his majesty from those about him could not make them contain. yet was arch enough to inform the queen. and found myself just in the middle up to my knees. shall presume to look with importance. and clapping my hand on the hilt. and the footmen spread it about the court: so that all the mirth for some days was at my expense. if my fears had suffered me to think so far as to make use of my hanger. was carried by her governess to take the air about an hour's distance. till we returned home.gutenberg. perhaps I should have given him such a wound. or common sense. They alighted out of the coach near a small footpath in a field. I took a run.” This I delivered in a firm tone. but unfortunately jumped short.” (looking fiercely. and one of the footmen wiped me as clean as he could with his handkerchief. and put himself upon a foot with the greatest persons of the kingdom. person. where the queen was soon informed of what had passed. This made me reflect. There was a cow-dung in the path. my speech produced nothing else beside a laud laughter. However. wit. although she loved me to excess. I went out of it to walk. and Glumdalclitch setting down my travelling box. and so small. where a little contemptible varlet. as would have made him glad to withdraw it with more haste than he put it in. and I must need try my activity by attempting to leap over it. And yet I have seen the moral of my own behaviour very frequent in England since my return. that I could deal with a dozen of them together. who had been out of order. like a person who was jealous lest his courage should be called in question.Gulliver's Travels were brought for curiosity from other places. without the least title to birth. as I spoke) “when he poked his paw into my chamber. or thirty miles from town. for I was filthily bemired.

no larger than those I had in my box. I then took a piece of fine wood. making several holes in it at equal distances with as small a needle as I could get from Glumdalclitch. The king. I am confident that all the drums and trumpets of a royal army. after which I found their music not disagreeable. I fixed in the stumps so artificially. could not equal it.gutenberg. beating and sounding together just at your ears. The king inquires into the state of England. and set in my box on a table to hear them: but the noise was so great that I could hardly distinguish the tunes. I once prevailed on the barber to give me some of the suds or lather. The queen would have me sit upon one of these chairs. My practice was to have my box removed from the place where the performers sat. who kept them in her cabinet. and used to show them for curiosities. out of which I picked forty or fifty of the strongest stumps of hair. as far as I could. To say the truth. whereof in time I got a good quantity.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VI. which indeed was at first very terrible to behold. scraping and sloping them with my knife toward the points. and was played upon in the same manner. and consulting with my friend the 78 . which I gave to Glumdalclitch. and draw the window curtains. who had received general orders to do little jobs for me.] I used to attend the king's levee once or twice a week. round those parts where I designed the backs and seats. The king's observations thereon. as would undertake to make me another. then to shut the doors and windows of it. He shows his skill in music. through these holes I wove the strongest hairs I could pick out. which the author relates to him. Of these hairs (as I had always a mechanical genius) I likewise made a neat little purse. I made a present of them to her majesty. my own being so much broken in the teeth. that I made a very tolerable comb. When they were finished. protesting I would rather die than place a dishonourable part of my body on those precious hairs. to which I was sometimes carried. that it was almost useless: neither did I know any artist in that country so nice and exact. And this puts me in mind of an amusement. I desired the queen's woman to save for me the combings of her majesty's hair. with her majesty's name deciphered in gold letters. Glumdalclitch kept one in her chamber. just after the manner of cane chairs in England. and cut it like the back of a comb. and to bore little holes with a fine awl. wherein I spent many of my leisure hours. A 237 238 239 240 241 242 SiSU www. and a master attended twice a-week to teach her: I called it a spinet. I directed him to make two chair-frames. as indeed they were the wonder of every one that beheld them. [Several contrivances of the author to please the king and queen. by the queen's consent. being not of strength to bear the weight of the larger coins. but I absolutely refused to obey her. had frequent concerts at court. for the razor was almost twice as long as an ordinary scythe. which was a seasonable supply. who delighted in music. according to the custom of the country. and therefore she kept nothing in it but some little toys that girls are fond of. I had learned in my youth to play a little upon the spinet. because it somewhat resembled that instrument. about five feet long. that once adorned her majesty's head. it was more for show than use. His majesty. and had often seen him under the barber's hand. was only shaved twice a-week.

which was a great disadvantage to my performance. persons of the noblest blood. which composed three mighty kingdoms. that way and this. how often I then wished for the tongue of Demosthenes or Cicero. and began to conceive a much better opinion of me than he had ever before. he should be glad to hear of any thing that might deserve imitation. He desired “I would give him as exact an account of the government of England as I possibly could. that our dominions consisted of two islands. partly made up of an illustrious body called the House of Peers.” The king heard me with attention. as fond as princes commonly are of their own customs (for so he conjectured of other monarchs. to have a share in the legislature. about four feet below the keys. was a prince of excellent understanding. by my former discourses). that by rapping on them I might neither damage the tops of the keys nor interrupt the sound. and to press them down required a good smart stroke with my fist. Before the spinet a bench was placed. to qualify them for being counsellors both to the king and kingdom. The king. In this manner I had several conversations with him. would frequently order that I should be brought in my box. to the great satisfaction of both their majesties. because. and made a shift to play a jig. who. about the bigness of common cudgels. I then spoke at large upon the constitution of an English parliament. I began my discourse by informing his majesty. as inconsiderable as he took me to be. art. than many of the larger kinds. under one sovereign. so that with my arms extended I could not reach to above five keys. as I before observed. “that the contempt he discovered towards 79 . and sit down within three yards distance upon the top of the cabinet. that reason did not extend itself with the bulk of the body. to be members of 243 244 245 SiSU www. bees and ants had the reputation of more industry. and the temperature of our climate. and that. and I was put upon the bench. beside our plantations in America. we observed in our country. that the tallest persons were usually the least provided with it. nor consequently play the bass and treble together. and I covered the thicker ends with pieces of a mouse's skin. and sagacity. But this appeared extremely difficult: for the spinet was near sixty feet long. on the contrary.Gulliver's Travels fancy came into my head. each key being almost a foot wide. I hoped I might live to do his majesty some signal service. I described that extraordinary care always taken of their education in arts and arms. that might have enabled me to celebrate the praise of my own dear native country in a style equal to its merits and felicity. they were thicker at one end than the other. and the rest of the world. and of the most ancient and ample patrimonies. did not seem answerable to those excellent qualities of mind that he was master of. which brought me almost to a level with his face. that among other animals. and yet I could not strike above sixteen keys. as fast as I could. that I would entertain the king and queen with an English tune upon this instrument. The method I contrived was this: I prepared two round sticks. I dwelt long upon the fertility of our soil. banging the proper keys with my two sticks. courteous reader. which would be too great a labour. but it was the most violent exercise I ever underwent. I ran sideling upon it.” Imagine with thyself. and set upon the table in his closet: he would then command me to bring one of my chairs out of the box. and to no purpose.gutenberg. I one day took the freedom to tell his majesty. as other artists do.

I then descended to the courts of justice. consulting his notes. When I had put an end to these long discources. by reckoning how many millions there might be of each religious sect. so as to enable them to decide the properties of their fellow-subjects in the last resort? Whether they were always so free from avarice. frequently taking notes of what I spoke. those venerable sages and interpreters of the law. And that these two bodies made up the most august assembly in Europe. I computed the number of our people. while they were common priests. queries. and to be champions always ready for the defence of their prince and country. the whole legislature is committed. That the other part of the parliament consisted of an assembly called the House of Commons. as part of that 80 . had never been compliers with the times. that a bribe. conduct. could have no place among them? Whether those holy lords I spoke of were always promoted to that rank upon account of their knowledge in religious matters. And I finished all with a brief historical account of affairs and events in England for about a hundred years past. To these were joined several holy persons. or any other particular which I thought might redound to the honour of my country. his majesty. freely picked and culled out by the people themselves. upon every article. and the sanctity of their lives. “What methods were used to cultivate the minds and bodies of our young nobility. presided. as well as for the punishment of vice and protection of innocence. in a sixth audience. from which their posterity were never once known to degenerate. and of those who instruct the people therein. for their great abilities and love of their country. when any noble family became extinct? What qualifications were necessary in those who are to be created new lords: whether the humour of the prince. He asked. and the king heard the whole with great attention. or some other sinister view. for determining the disputed rights and properties of men. over which the judges. I did not omit even our sports and pastimes. by sea and land. and the depth of their erudition. That these were the ornament and bulwark of the kingdom. These were searched and sought out through the whole nation. in conjunction with the prince.Gulliver's Travels the highest court of judicature. and fidelity. as well as memorandums of what questions he intended to ask me. to represent the wisdom of the whole nation. under the title of bishops. by the prince and his wisest counsellors. whose peculiar business is to take care of religion. whose honour had been the reward of their virtue. who were all principal gentlemen. by their valour. or slavish prostitute 246 247 248 249 SiSU www. or political party among us. whence there can be no appeal. partialities. proposed many doubts. and in what kind of business they commonly spent the first and teachable parts of their lives? What course was taken to supply that assembly. and objections. worthy followers of their most renowned ancestors. each of several hours. the valour and achievements of our forces. among such of the priesthood as were most deservedly distinguished by the sanctity of their lives. I mentioned the prudent management of our treasury. a sum of money to a court lady. ever happened to be the motive in those advancements? What share of knowledge these lords had in the laws of their country. to whom.gutenberg. who were indeed the spiritual fathers of the clergy and the people. This conversation was not ended under five audiences. or want. or a design of strengthening a party opposite to the public interest. and how they came by it.

might not influence the vulgar voters to choose him before their own landlord. and said. for the notes he had taken were very particular in this point. whose opinions they continued servilely to follow. unless upon the score of trade. he was still at a loss how a kingdom could run out of its estate. Upon what I said in relation to our courts of justice. his majesty desired to be satisfied in several points: and this I was the better able to do. or treaty. and cited precedents to prove contrary opinions? Whether they were a rich or a poor corporation? Whether they received any pecuniary reward for pleading. as he told me. whether they were ever admitted as members in the lower senate?” He fell next upon the management of our treasury. and sifted me thoroughly upon every part of this head. that people were so violently bent upon getting into this assembly. or delivering their opinions? And particularly. “Whether such zealous gentlemen could have any views of refunding themselves for the charges and trouble they were at by sacrificing the public good to the designs of a weak and vicious prince. in the midst of peace. and among 250 251 252 SiSU www. vexatious.” He asked me. he found they sometimes amounted to more than double. or the most considerable gentleman in the neighbourhood? How it came to pass. because he hoped.” He asked. or only in provincial. in religion or politics. and where we found money to pay them?” He wondered to hear me talk of such chargeable and expensive wars. He asked. because I computed our taxes at about five or six millions a-year. that the knowledge of our conduct might be useful to him. “What arts were practised in electing those whom I called commoners: whether a stranger. “that certainly we must be a quarrelsome people. after they were admitted into that assembly?” He then desired to know. if what I told him were true. at different 81 . national. or live among very bad neighbours.” And he desired to know. “who were our creditors. without any salary or pension? because this appeared such an exalted strain of virtue and public spirit. or oppressive? Whether party.Gulliver's Travels chaplains to some nobleman. pleaded for and against the same cause. and when I came to mention the issues. which was decreed for me with costs. and he could not be deceived in his calculations. having been formerly almost ruined by a long suit in chancery. But. in conjunction with a corrupted ministry?” He multiplied his questions. often to the ruin of their families. were observed to be of any weight in the scale of justice? Whether those pleading orators were persons educated in the general knowledge of equity. he was amazed to hear me talk of a mercenary standing army. what business we had out of our own islands.gutenberg. “he thought my memory had failed me. and glossing upon at their pleasure? Whether they had ever. “What time was usually spent in determining between right and wrong. with a strong purse. that his majesty seemed to doubt it might possibly not be always sincere. or to defend the coasts with our fleet?“ Above all. which I think it not prudent or convenient to repeat. proposing numberless inquiries and objections. and that our generals must needs be richer than our kings. and other local customs? Whether they or their judges had any part in penning those laws. which I allowed to be a great trouble and expense. and what degree of expense? Whether advocates and orators had liberty to plead in causes manifestly known to be unjust. which they assumed the liberty of interpreting. like a private person.

and eluding them. by a computation drawn from the several sects among us. He said. and the rest wholly blurred and blotted by corruptions. the very worst effects that avarice. I am well disposed to hope you may hitherto have escaped many vices of your country. he could not imagine of whom we were afraid. in its original. should be obliged to change. “he knew no reason why those. As for yourself. faction. wholly take them from the improvement of their minds. and stroking me gently. massacres. “that among the diversions of our nobility and gentry. banishments. soldiers.” continued the king. whether mean. picked up at a venture in the streets for small wages. idleness. who might get a hundred times more by cutting their throats?” He laughed at my “odd kind of arithmetic. by those whose interest and abilities lie in perverting. whether it ever went so high as to affect their fortunes. perfidiousness. or counsellors for their wisdom. by their dexterity in that art. that ignorance. judges. hypocrisy.” as he was pleased to call it. But by what I have gathered from your own relation. might have been tolerable. you have clearly proved. and would hear my opinion. for the love of their country. senators.” His majesty. than by half-a-dozen rascals. for their conduct or valour. whether a private man's house might not be better defended by himself. rebellions. in another audience. I had mentioned gaming: he desired to know at what age this entertainment was usually taken up.” He said. and family. could produce. that laws are best explained. to learn and practise that infamous dexterity upon others?” He was perfectly astonished with the historical account gave him of our affairs during the last century. from all you have said. lust. compared the questions he made with the answers I had given. which I shall never forget. murders. so it was weakness not to enforce the second: for a man may be allowed to keep poisons in his closet. ”if we were governed by our own consent. was at the pains to recapitulate the sum of all I had spoken. envy. but not to vend them about for cordials. vicious people.” He observed. by the losses they received. or against whom we were to fight. confounding. interpreted. how any one perfection is required toward the procurement of any one station among you. cruelty. how much of their time it employed. and sometimes keep our very nobles in dependence. which. And as it was tyranny in any government to require the first.Gulliver's Travels a free people. might not arrive at great riches. for their integrity. but these half erased. madness. then taking me into his hands. nor the manner he spoke them in: “My little friend Grildrig. and vice. revolutions. malice. in the persons of our representatives. much less. that men are ennobled on account of their virtue. It does not appear. in religion and politics. “who have spent the greatest part of your life in 82 . are the proper ingredients for qualifying a legislator. as well as habituate them to vile companions. and when it was laid down. and ambition. and applied. protesting “it was only a heap of conspiracies. his children. or should not be obliged to conceal them. delivered himself in these words. rage. and force them. hatred. “in reckoning the numbers of our people. I observe among you some lines of an institution. you have made a most admirable panegyric upon your country. and the answers 253 254 255 256 SiSU www. who entertain opinions prejudicial to the public. that priests are advanced for their piety or learning.gutenberg.

gutenberg.Gulliver's Travels I have with much pains wrung and extorted from you.” SiSU www. I cannot but conclude the bulk of your natives to be the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the 83 .

recommends to an historian: I would hide the frailties and deformities of my political mother. dashing out the brains of all who 257 258 259 260 261 SiSU www. He makes a proposal of much advantage to the king. sink down ships. I told him of “an invention. that such an occasion was given: but this prince happened to be so curious and inquisitive upon every particular. with a noise and agitation greater than thunder. if so remote a prince's notions of virtue and vice were to be offered as a standard for all mankind. The laws. from which we.gutenberg. The king's great ignorance in politics. and the politer countries of Europe. burst and throw splinters on every side. which were always turned into ridicule. to the bottom of the sea. and must therefore be altogether unacquainted with the manners and customs that most prevail in other nations: the want of which knowledge will ever produce many prejudices. and I was forced to rest with patience. That we often put this powder into large hollow balls of iron. and lay all waste before them. tear the houses to pieces. the smallest spark of fire falling. would cut through masts and rigging. that I artfully eluded many of his questions. which will hardly obtain belief. This was my sincere endeavour in those many discourses I had with that monarch. To confirm what I have now said. divide hundreds of bodies in the middle. would drive a ball of iron or lead. than the strictness of truth would allow. But great allowances should be given to a king. to make a certain powder. and further to show the miserable effects of a confined education. while my noble and beloved country was so injuriously treated. that it could not consist either with gratitude or good manners. and parties in the state. according to its bigness. discovered between three and four hundred years ago. are wholly exempted. I shall here insert a passage. and place her virtues and beauties in the most advantageous light.] Nothing but an extreme love of truth could have hindered me from concealing this part of my story. which is rejected. although it were as big as a mountain. In hopes to ingratiate myself further into his majesty's favour. with such violence and speed. although it unfortunately failed of success. It was in vain to discover my resentments.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VII. That a proper quantity of this powder rammed into a hollow tube of brass or iron. which would rip up the pavements. and a certain narrowness of thinking. and make it all fly up in the air together. and military affairs. The learning of that country very imperfect and confined. to refuse giving him what satisfaction I was able. and when linked together by a chain. Yet thus much I may be allowed to say in my own vindication. but batter the strongest walls to the ground. which Dionysius Halicarnassensis. by many degrees. and gave to every point a more favourable 84 . with so much justice. would kindle the whole in a moment. That the largest balls thus discharged. and discharged them by an engine into some city we were besieging. [The author's love of his country. into a heap of which. who lives wholly secluded from the rest of the world. with a thousand men in each. And it would be hard indeed. For I have always borne that laudable partiality to my own country. would not only destroy whole ranks of an army at once. I am as heartily sorry as any of my readers can possibly be. as nothing was able to sustain its force.

” A strange effect of narrow principles and views! that a prince possessed of every quality which procures veneration. consisting only in morality. to common sense and reason. if ever it should pretend to dispute his absolute commands. and esteem. wherein they must be allowed to excel.Gulliver's Travels came near. as I valued any life. in a discourse one day with the king. as a small tribute of acknowledgment. and do more essential service to his country. as the more acute wits of Europe have done. of a size proportionable to all other things in his majesty's kingdom. to grow upon a spot of ground where only one grew before. as to appear wholly unmoved at all the scenes of blood and desolation which I had painted as the common effects of those destructive machines. than the whole race of politicians put together. of strong parts. For. or destroy the whole metropolis. or two blades of grass. with the least intention to detract from the many virtues of that excellent king. and in so familiar a manner. and the largest need not be above a hundred feet long. with some other obvious topics. I understood the manner of compounding them. great wisdom. to the speedy determination of civil and criminal causes. But the last of these is 262 263 264 SiSU www. would deserve better of mankind. He confined the knowledge of governing within very narrow bounds. and the fortunes of his people! Neither do I say this. enemy to mankind. I am sensible. and almost adored by his subjects. never to mention any more. The king was struck with horror at the description I had given of those terrible engines. that although few things delighted him so much as new discoveries in art or in nature. and intrigue.” he said. twenty or thirty of which tubes.” The learning of this people is very defective. and mathematics. That I knew the ingredients very well. charged with the proper quantity of powder and balls. whose character. whereof. He could not tell what I meant by secrets of state. “that whoever could make two ears of corn. refinement.” This I humbly offered to his majesty. he protested. than be privy to such a 85 . or some rival nation. unnecessary scruple. in turn for so many marks that I had received.” it gave him (directly contrary to my intention) a very mean opinion of our understandings. which he commanded me. and the proposal I had made. “He was amazed. “some evil genius. were not in the case. will. on this account. must have been the first contriver. which are not worth considering. be very much lessened in the opinion of an English reader: but I take this defect among them to have risen from their ignorance. He professed both to abominate and despise all mystery.gutenberg. and could direct his workmen how to make those tubes. when I happened to say. I remember very well. how so impotent and grovelling an insect as I” (these were his expressions) “could entertain such inhuman ideas. endowed with admirable talents. which were cheap and common. whereof in Europe we can have no conception. poetry. where an enemy. from a nice. history. let slip an opportunity put into his hands that would have made him absolute master of the lives. love. And he gave it for his opinion. and profound learning. to justice and lenity. either in a prince or a minister. would batter down the walls of the strongest town in his dominions in a few hours. of his royal favour and protection. should. “there were several thousand books among us written upon the art of government. yet he would rather lose half his kingdom. the liberties. by not having hitherto reduced politics into a science. As for himself.

entities. And as to ideas. 265 266 267 SiSU www. They have had the art of printing. I have perused many of their books. till I had gotten a little below the level of mine eyes. showing “how diminutive.” He said “it was very reasonable to think. is a capital crime. who dealt in writings of morality and devotion. by a third in foresight. according to the length of the lines. which is reckoned the largest. how unable to defend himself from inclemencies of the air. for they avoid nothing more than multiplying unnecessary words. which consists only of two and twenty. and smooth. and began the other page in the same manner. wherein those people are not mercurial enough to discover above one interpretation: and to write a comment upon any law. whence I had liberty to borrow what books I pleased. formed like a standing ladder. except among the women and the vulgar. for that of the king. which I could easily do with both my hands. and so turned over the leaf. so it has been confirmed by huge bones and skulls. in comparison of those in ancient times. to the improvement of agriculture. It was indeed a moveable pair of stairs. No law in that country must exceed in words the number of letters in their alphabet. contemptible. as it is asserted by history and tradition. They are expressed in the most plain and simple terms. But indeed few of them extend even to that length. does not amount to above a thousand volumes.” He added. and could now produce only small abortive births. time out of mind: but their libraries are not very large. This writer went through all the usual topics of European moralists. especially those in history and morality. “that nature was degenerated in these latter declining ages of the world. began at the top of the page. and transcendentals. The book I had a mind to read. or proceedings against criminals. I could never drive the least conception into their heads. was put up leaning against the wall: I first mounted to the upper step of the ladder. Their style is clear. their precedents are so few. so that among us. which. and then descending gradually till I came to the bottom: after which I mounted again. The book treats of the weakness of human kind. for it was as thick and stiff as a pasteboard. However.gutenberg. but also that there must have been giants in former ages. and in the largest folios not above eighteen or twenty feet long. I was curious to see what an author of that country could say upon such a subject. and so walking to the right and left about eight or ten paces. a kind of wooden machine five-and-twenty feet high. and belonged to her governess. the lowest end placed at ten feet distance from the wall of the 86 . and helpless an animal was man in his own nature. I was much diverted with a little old treatise. abstractions. and all mechanical arts.Gulliver's Travels wholly applied to what may be useful in life. a grave elderly gentlewoman. Among the rest. that they have little reason to boast of any extraordinary skill in either. and turning my face towards the book. masculine. the steps were each fifty feet long. as well as the Chinese. it would be little esteemed. or the fury of wild beasts: how much he was excelled by one creature in strength. The queen's joiner had contrived in one of Glumdalclitch's rooms. As to the decision of civil causes. and is in little esteem. by another in speed. or using various expressions. but not florid. not only that the species of men were originally much larger. by a fourth in industry. which always lay in Glumdalclitch's bed chamber. placed in a gallery of twelve hundred feet long.

upon a strict inquiry. draw their swords at once. and brandish them in the air. I was curious to know how this prince. the author drew several moral applications. the people for liberty. but needless here to repeat. to whose dominions there is no access from any other country. wherein I saw no great merit. and the militia. however happily tempered by the laws of that kingdom. in the course of many ages. or to teach his people the practice of military discipline. A cavalier. useful in the conduct of life. they boast that the king's army consists of a hundred and seventy-six thousand foot. I have seen this whole body of horse. or a stone cast from the hand of a boy. But I was soon informed. the last whereof was happily put an end to by this prince's grand-father. might be about ninety feet high. and the king for absolute dominion. or being drowned in a little brook. whose commanders are only the nobility and gentry. for how should it be otherwise. then settled with common consent. has been ever since kept in the strictest duty. or indeed rather matter of discontent and repining. they have been troubled with the same disease to which the whole race of mankind is subject. considering the space of ground they took up. where every farmer is under the command of his own landlord. and every citizen under that of the principal men in his own city. but it was impossible for me to compute their number. from the quarrels we raise with nature. They are indeed perfect enough in their exercises. mounted on a large steed. For my own part. I could not avoid reflecting how universally this talent was spread.” He argued. 268 269 270 SiSU www. by ballot? I have often seen the militia of Lorbrulgrud drawn out to exercise. have been sometimes violated by each of the three parties.gutenberg. And I believe. of a tile falling from a house. and farmers in the country. the nobility often contending for power. All which. upon a word of command. not so liable to destruction from every little accident. which is made up of tradesmen in the several cities.Gulliver's Travels casually dug up in several parts of the kingdom. Imagination can figure nothing so 87 . without pay or reward. chosen after the manner of Venice. in a great field near the city of twenty miles square. and so astonishing! it looked as if ten thousand flashes of lightning were darting at the same time from every quarter of the sky. came to think of armies. far exceeding the common dwindled race of men in our days. They were in all not above twenty-five thousand foot. those quarrels might be shown as ill-grounded among us as they are among that people. in a general composition. so surprising. As to their military affairs. in the beginning of a size more large and robust. and six thousand horse. and thirty-two thousand horse: if that may be called an army. for.” From this way of reasoning. “that the very laws of nature absolutely required we should have been made. both by conversation and reading their histories. of drawing lectures in morality. and have more than once occasioned civil wars. and under very good discipline.

bursting at the same time into a flood of tears. and walk about the streets and fields without being afraid of being trod to death like a frog or a young puppy. which must be the only scene of my escape. and perhaps. The ship in which I sailed. I was carried. Glumdalclitch and I attended the king and queen. and with all its crew and passengers brought in a tumbril to Lorbrulgrud. I ordered him to set me down. I had now been two years in this country. He returns to England. and the delight of the whole court. the king thought proper to pass a few days at a palace he has near Flanflasnic. not directly over the middle of the hammock. like tame canary-birds. which as I have already described. and desired leave to take the fresh air of the sea. And I had ordered a hammock to be fixed. sold about the kingdom.gutenberg. and lifting up one of my sashes. cast many a wistful melancholy look towards 271 272 273 274 275 SiSU www. but the poor girl was so ill as to be confined to her 88 . I pretended to be worse than I really was. that if at any time another appeared. a city within eighteen English miles of the seaside. or to form any project with the least hope of succeeding. But my deliverance came sooner than I expected. The author attends them. and about the beginning of the third. On the roof of my closet. by silken ropes from the four corners at the top. when a servant carried me before him on horseback. was a very convenient closet. to break the jolts. whom I was very fond of. and who had sometimes been trusted with me. if ever it should happen. in my travelling-box. towards the rocks on the sea-shore. as usual. was the first ever known to be driven within sight of that coast. with a page. The boy took me out in my box. and in a manner not very common.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VIII. When we came to our journey's end. I shall never forget with what unwillingness Glumdalclitch consented. of twelve feet wide. I could never forget those domestic pledges I had left behind me. nor the strict charge she gave the page to be careful of me. as I slept. in time.] I had always a strong impulse that I should some time recover my liberty. though it was impossible to conjecture by what means. and the king had given strict orders. Glumdalclitch and I were much fatigued: I had gotten a small cold. while we were upon the road. I ordered the joiner to cut out a hole of a foot square. I was indeed treated with much kindness: I was the favourite of a great king and queen. as I sometimes desired. in a progress to the south coast of the kingdom. for curiosities. to give me air in hot weather. as if she had some forboding of what was to happen. I longed to see the ocean. but it was upon such a foot as ill became the dignity of humankind. to persons of quality. and would often sleep in my hammock. The manner in which he leaves the country very particularly related. it should be taken ashore. He was strongly bent to get me a woman of my own size. by whom I might propagate the breed: but I think I should rather have died than undergone the disgrace of leaving a posterity to be kept in cages. [The king and queen make a progress to the frontiers. which hole I shut at pleasure with a board that drew backward and forward through a groove. with whom I could converse upon even terms. I wanted to be among people. the whole story and circumstances of which I shall faithfully relate. about half an hours walk from the palace.

The plates of iron fastened at the bottom of the box (for those were the strongest) preserved the balance while it fell. went among the rocks to look for birds' eggs. but afterward the motion was easy enough. like a sign in a windy day. who hoped to share in the prey. that the eagle which flew away with my box was pursued by two or three others.Gulliver's Travels the sea. but all to no purpose. which was fastened at the top of my box for the conveniency of carriage. the grief she would suffer for my loss. which I hoped would do me good. I heard several bangs or buffets. and hindered it from being broken on the surface of the water. all on a sudden. felt myself falling perpendicularly down. and the ruin of her fortune. having before observed him from my window searching 89 . I heard a noise just over my head. and the broad plates of iron fixed for strength at the four corners of the top and bottom. and then began to perceive the woful condition I was in. thinking no danger could happen. from whom one single hour had so far divided me! And I may say with truth. The first jolt had like to have shaken me out of my hammock. the page. and then borne forward with prodigious speed. Be that as it will. Perhaps many travellers have not been under greater difficulties and distress than I was at this juncture. I found myself suddenly awaked with a violent pull upon the ring. I got with much difficulty out of my hammock. I did then. to keep out the cold. and do now suppose. while I slept. the displeasure of the queen. I called out several times. I got in. I now perceived I was fallen into the sea. that I could see light from the tops of the windows. but up and down like a sash. for want of which I found myself almost stifled. having first ventured to draw back the slip-board on the roof already mentioned. like the clapping of wings. and forced to let me drop. by the weight of my body. I was quite in the dark for another minute. and then pick out my body. floated about five feet deep in water. after which. that some eagle had got the ring of my box in his beak. In a little time. that sounded louder to my ears than the cataract of Niagara. but with such incredible swiftness. and all I can conjecture is. though better concealed than I could be within a two-inch board. I observed the noise and flutter of wings to increase very fast. I looked towards my windows. My fall was stopped by a terrible squash. and the boy shut the window close down. with an intent to let it fall on a rock. and my box was tossed up and down. that I almost lost my breath. I soon fell asleep. which kept my closet so tight that very little water came in. A breach in one single pane of glass would have been immediate death: 276 277 SiSU www. Every joint of it was well grooved. My box. and then my box began to rise so high. like a tortoise in a shell. the goods that were in. and the door did not move on hinges. and picking up one or two in the clefts. and could see nothing but the clouds and sky. or at least overset by the first violent blast. and then. contrived on purpose to let in air. that in the midst of my own misfortunes I could not forbear lamenting my poor nurse.gutenberg. while he defended himself against the rest. as loud as I could raise my voice. expecting every moment to see my box dashed to pieces. and devour it: for the sagacity and smell of this bird enables him to discover his quarry at a great distance. I found myself not very well. for above a minute. as I thought given to the eagle (for such I am certain it must have been that held the ring of my box in his beak). and told the page that I had a mind to take a nap in my hammock. or rising wave. How often did I then wish myself with my dear Glumdalclitch. I felt my box raised very high in the air.

and would take up too much time. waved it several times in the air. I heard a great shout repeated three times. and begged. for indeed it never came into my head. which made the waves rise near the tops of my windows. some kind of grating noise on that side of my box where the staples were fixed. and so into the captain's cabin. and found myself tossed more than ever. and indeed wishing. and having made a hard shift to screw it down again. for my box was fastened to their ship. I was not able to lift up the roof of my closet. and I endeavoured to stop them as well as I could. although I was not able to imagine how it could be brought about. directly under the slipping-board that I had lately opened. I mounted on the chair. expecting. would put a leathern belt. and in the space of an hour. struck against something that was hard. and had no windows. I found no effect from all I could do. that if any boat or ship were near. “I was safe. every moment to be my last. and take the box out of the sea into the ship. “If there be any body below. or at least thought I heard. Whereupon I again thrust up my stick and handkerchief. I called for help in a loud voice. calling for help till I was almost hoarse. upon hearing me talk so wildly. I have already told the reader that there were two strong staples fixed upon that side of my box which had no window. Being in this disconsolate state. at least three feet higher than I was before. that side of the box where the staples were. The 278 279 SiSU www. Or if I escaped these dangers for a day or two. leaving me almost in the dark. “that was needless. and somebody calling through the hole with a loud voice. and sat on the top of it. I heard.gutenberg.” I answered. This gave me some faint hopes of relief. but let one of the crew put his finger into the ring. by degrees. for there was no more to be done. the seamen might conjecture some unhappy mortal to be shut up in the box. than by being shut up (as I may call it) in the hold. against accidents in travelling. but plainly perceived my closet to be moved along. but the strong lattice wires placed on the outside. and thrusting it up the hole. to be delivered out of the dungeon I was in. I plainly heard a noise upon the cover of my closet. and soon after I began to fancy that the box was pulled or towed along the sea. which were always fastened to the floor.” The voice replied. and in all the languages I understood. large enough to pull me out. I now heard a trampling over my head. thought I was mad: others laughed. drawn by ill fortune into the greatest calamity that ever any creature underwent. and into which the servant. giving me such transports of joy as are not to be conceived but by those who feel them. I then found myself hoisted 90 . where I might at least preserve myself some hours longer. and the carpenter should immediately come and saw a hole in the cover. although the leaks were not considerable. or better. let them speak. I ventured to unscrew one of my chairs. by all that was moving. for I now and then felt a sort of tugging. and the grating of it as it passed through the ring. and buckle it about his waist. In return to which.Gulliver's Travels nor could any thing have preserved the windows. and putting my mouth as near as I could to the hole. “I was an Englishman. I apprehended it to be a rock.” Some of them.” I answered. that I was now got among people of my own stature and strength. like that of a cable. which otherwise I certainly should have done. I then fastened my handkerchief to a stick I usually carried. I saw the water ooze in at several crannies. what could I expect but a miserable death of cold and hunger? I was four hours under these circumstances. in the English tongue. who used to carry me on horseback.

and fastening a cable to one of the staples. in hopes of buying some biscuit. because I am confident it would have sensibly touched 91 . after having so long accustomed mine eyes to the monstrous objects I had left. concluded I was raving. He entertained me with great kindness. and went himself in the boat. took me into his cabin. He said “that about twelve o'clock at noon. I slept some hours. It was now about eight o'clock at night. as he was looking through his glass. or talk inconsistently: and. an honest worthy Shropshire man. by bringing former passages into my mind. in that monstrous wooden chest. but the chairs. desired I would give him a relation of my travels. which was all of boards. without any passage for light. and the dangers I had escaped. being not much out of his course. upon which I mounted. that my closet was hung on all sides. sunk to rights. or rather quilted. and thence was taken into the ship in a very weak condition. as they called it. of which I had great need. Thomas Wilcocks. when we were left alone. And. and a cabinet. and made me turn in upon his own bed. advising me to take a little rest. observed my windows and wire lattices that defended them. and finding his error. he spied it at a distance. I was equally confounded at the sight of so many pigmies. He then commanded his men to row up to that side. that if he would let one of the crew bring my closet into his cabin. That the weather being calm. That upon coming nearer. he rowed round me several times. gave me a cordial to comfort me. hearing me utter these absurdities. which I would rather have forgot. that his men came back in a fright. too good to be lost: a fine hammock. were much damaged by the ignorance of the seamen. ordering his men to take a strong cable along with them. which by reason of many breaches made in the bottom and sides. a table. and to raise up my chest with pulleys. observing me not to look wildly. The captain. and thought it was a sail. indeed. toward the ship. which he had a mind to make. sent some of his men down into my closet. I would open it there before him. I found myself much recovered. two chairs. That he discovered two staples upon one side. with silk and cotton. and when they had got all they had a mind for. upon waking. I was glad not to have been a spectator of the havoc they made. however (I suppose to pacify me) he promised to give order as I desired. That he laughed at their folly. then let down a small ladder. who tore them up by force. whence (as I afterwards found) they drew up all my goods. swearing they had seen a swimming house. cabinet. observing I was ready to faint. but perpetually disturbed with dreams of the place I had left. ordered them to tow my chest. he gave directions to fasten another cable to the ring fixed in the cover. Then they knocked off some of the boards for the use of the ship. his own beginning to fall short. being screwed to the floor. which all the sailors were 280 281 SiSU www. The sailors were all in amazement. and show him my goods. he sent out his long-boat to discover what it was. and bedstead.gutenberg. When it was there. and going upon deck. for such I took them to be. But the captain. let the hull drop into the sea. and stripped off the quilting. Mr. which I had no inclination to answer. and the captain ordered supper immediately. thinking I had already fasted too long. a handsome fieldbed. and asked me a thousand questions.Gulliver's Travels carpenter came. I gave him to understand that I had some valuable furniture in my box. Before I went to sleep. and by what accident I came to be set adrift. and in a few minutes sawed a passage about four feet square. However.

“whether he or the crew had seen any prodigious birds in the air. I desired the captain would please to accept this ring in return for his civilities. was immediately convinced of my candour and veracity. at the command of some prince.Gulliver's Travels not able to do above two or three feet. I then asked the captain. Lastly. and throwing it over my head like a collar. of which I had the key in my pocket. and set in silver. ”whether I were not troubled in my mind by the consciousness of some enormous crime. which one day she made me a present of. and very good sense. I showed him a corn that I had cut off with my own hand. There was a collection of needles and pins. from a foot to half a yard long. but remarked nothing of their being larger than the usual size:“ which I suppose must be imputed to the great height they were at. and another of the same materials. in the first port where we arrived. and advised me to go to bed in a cabin he had provided. some combings of the queen's hair. I could force nothing on him but a footman's tooth. in a most obliging manner. as great criminals. which I faithfully did. and desired to ask me freely. for he had already informed me how the seamen disposed of my closet. yet he would engage his word to set me safe ashore. that discoursing this matter with the sailors while I was asleep. He received it with abundance of 282 283 SiSU www. of which he gave me a hint. in other countries.“ Whereupon he began again to think that my brain was disturbed. and he could not guess the reason of my question. a gold ring. as well as by my odd looks and behaviour while I was at supper.” I begged his patience to hear me tell my 92 . taking it from her little finger. that when I returned England.” I asked. for I had not left the country whence I came above two hours before I dropped into the sea. ”that his suspicions were much increased by some very absurd speeches I had delivered at first to his sailors. There was the comb I had contrived out of the stumps of the king's beard. which I observed him to examine with great curiosity. to the moment he first discovered me. for which I was punished.“ He then grew serious. who had some tincture of learning. like joiner's tacks. but fixed into a paring of her majesty's thumb-nail. And. ”by the best computation he could make. one of them said. But further to confirm all I had said. four wasp stings. by exposing me in that chest. as truth always forces its way into rational minds. I entreated him to give order that my cabinet should be brought. from a maid of honour's toe. ”that he must be mistaken by almost half. I opened it in his own presence. which served for the back. I desired him to see the breeches I had then on. about the time he first discovered me.gutenberg. and showed him the small collection of rarities I made in the country from which I had been so strangely delivered.” To which he answered. “they saw my stick and handkerchief thrust out of the hole. which were made of a mouse's skin. ”how far he reckoned we might be from land?“ He said. it was about the bigness of Kentish pippin. and as much in my senses as ever I was in my life. ”I was well refreshed with his good entertainment and company. without provisions: for although he should be sorry to have taken so ill a man into his ship. we were at least a hundred leagues. I assured him. and found he had a fancy for it. in relation to my closet or chest. and concluded that some unhappy man must be shut up in the cavity. from the last time I left England. and afterwards to himself. so this honest worthy gentleman. have been forced to sea in a leaky vessel. he had observed three eagles flying towards the north.” He said. and grown so hard.“ I assured him. I got it hollowed into a cup.“ He added. which he absolutely refused.

while I was in her service. when I saw his dishes of the size of a silver three-pence. which would certainly have been a most astonishing object. “that he doubted mine eyes were bigger than my belly. unless when I was placed on a table. and I winked at my own littleness. It was drawn by an unskilful surgeon. and making it public. 284 285 SiSU www. and that I admired as much at the voices of him and his men. and I wondered how I could forbear. but imputed it to some disorder in my brain. or interest. that. to hear me speak so loud. because the comparison gave me so despicable a conceit of myself.” I told him. and said. and the sailors stood all about me. I thought they were the most little contemptible creatures I had ever beheld. The captain understood my raillery very well.” He said “he wondered at one thing very much. when I first got into the ship. and yet I could hear them well enough. “he hoped. I would oblige the world by putting it on paper. although he queen had ordered a little equipage of all things necessary for me. and other animals. I could never endure to look in a glass. “that while we were at supper. “I had likewise observed another thing. describing the rest of his household-stuff and provisions. I thanked him for his good opinion. from one of Glumdalclitch's men. The captain said. birds. after mine eyes had been accustomed to such prodigious objects. yet my ideas were wholly taken up with what I saw on every side of me. for he did not observe my stomach so good. who was afflicted with the tooth-ache. with which most writers abound. a leg of pork hardly a mouthful. when we returned to England. after the same manner.” and so I went on. and four inches in diameter. which he knew not well how to take. worthy to have the description of it transmitted to future ages:” and the comparison of Phaeton was so obvious. The captain was very well satisfied with this plain relation I had given him. and afterwards in its fall from so great a height into the sea. but it was as sound as any in his head. which was. or the diversion of ignorant readers. “it was very true. it was like a man talking in the streets. without those ornamental descriptions of strange plants. who seemed to me only to whisper. protested “he would have gladly given a hundred pounds. as people do at their own faults. However. a cup not so big as a nut-shell. while I was in that prince's country. For.gutenberg. and that I often seemed hardly able to contain my laughter. “that we were overstocked with books of travels: that nothing could now pass which was not extraordinary. “it was what I had been used to for above two years past.” I answered. But. that my story could contain little beside common events. I got it cleaned. although I had fasted all day. more than such a trifle could deserve. or held in any person's hand.” For indeed. and merrily replied with the old English proverb. continuing in his mirth. he observed me to look at every thing with a sort of wonder. to another looking out from the top of a steeple. It was about a foot 93 .” My answer was. that he could not forbear applying it.” and. when I spoke in that country. to have seen my closet in the eagle's bill. although I did not much admire the conceit. wherein I doubted some authors less consulted truth. trees. than their own vanity. in a mistake.Gulliver's Travels thanks. or of the barbarous customs and idolatry of savage people.” asking me “whether the king or queen of that country were thick of hearing?” I told him. and promised to take the matter into my thoughts. and put it into my cabinet.

in his return to England. kept our course west-south-west.gutenberg. the trees. My wife run out to embrace me. Our voyage was very prosperous.” although my evil destiny so ordered. was. As I was on the road. LUGGNAGG. My daughter kneeled to ask my blessing. BALNIBARBI. The captain called in at one or two ports. for which I was forced to inquire. 1706. (like a goose under a gate. thinking she could otherwise never be able to reach my mouth. In the mean time. I and my family and friends came to a right understanding: but my wife protested “I should never go to sea any more. In a little time. I hired a horse and guide for five shillings. driven northeastward to the latitude of 44 degrees.” In short. and then I went to take her up with one hand by the waist. but I shall not trouble the reader with a journal of it. I bent down to go in. I behaved myself so unaccountably. 290 SiSU www. I told my wife. “she had been too thrifty. so that I had like to have gotten one or two broken heads for my impertinence. 286 287 288 289 PART III. the cattle. and the people. but I never went out of the ship till we came into the Downs.Gulliver's Travels The captain having been at Tonquin. but I stooped lower than her knees. GLUBBDUBDRIB. and one or two friends who were in the house. that she had not power to hinder me. having been so long used to stand with my head and eyes erect to above sixty feet. When I came to my own house. I here conclude the second part of my unfortunate voyages. I looked down upon the servants. till we doubled the Cape of Good Hope. We took a kind leave of each other. I offered to leave my goods in security for payment of my freight: but the captain protested he would not receive one farthing. I began to think myself in Lilliput. about nine months after my escape. but I could not see her till she arose. which was on the third day of June. and sent in his long-boat for provisions and fresh water. and longitude of 143. we sailed southward a long time.) for fear of striking my 94 . But meeting a trade-wind two days after I came on board him. and concluded I had lost my wits. that they were all of the captain's opinion when he first saw me. one of the servants opening the door. and I made him promise he would come to see me at my house in Redriff. I was afraid of trampling on every traveller I met. for I found she had starved herself and her daughter to nothing. AND JAPAN. as the reader may know hereafter. A VOYAGE TO LAPUTA. and coasting New Holland. as if they had been pigmies and I a giant. which I borrowed of the captain. This I mention as an instance of the great power of habit and prejudice. observing the littleness of the houses. and then south-south-west. and often called aloud to have them stand out of the way.

He is received into Laputa. expressing his joy to find I me in good health. I observed among them a Dutchman.” He said so many other obliging things. because many of the goods he intended to buy were not ready. asking. continuing as violent as ever. and a fourth part owner. notwithstanding my past misfortunes. that she sailed very slow. though with some apologies. in hopes to defray some of the charges he must be at. that I could not reject this proposal. a stout ship of three hundred tons. as I apprehended only out of friendship. But repeating his visits often. His arrival at an island. The malice of a Dutchman. whose consent however I at last obtained. was to persuade my wife. “that I should have another surgeon under 95 . We staid there three weeks to refresh our crew. beside our two mates. a Cornish man. nor could he expect to be dispatched in several months. and then to the east: after which we had fair weather. and putting fourteen men on board. he would enter into any engagement to follow my advice.] I had not been at home above ten days. by the prospect of advantage she proposed to her children. but still with a pretty strong gale from the west. he appointed me master of the sloop. hearing of my arrival. came to my house. we were driven five days to the north-north-east. but finding us all prostrate upon our faces (for so I gave order). We set out the 5th day of August. neither were we in a condition to defend ourselves. We had not sailed above three days. He had always treated me more like a brother. I had formerly been surgeon of another ship where he was master. From thence we went to Tonquin. that my salary should be double to the usual pay. and gave me power to traffic. in a voyage to the Levant. Upon the tenth day we were chased by two pirates. they pinioned us with strong ropes. “whether I were now settled for life?” adding. “that he intended a voyage to the East Indies in two months. though he 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 SiSU www. 1706.gutenberg. We were boarded about the same time by both the pirates. than an inferior officer. while he transacted his affairs at Tonquin. for my sloop was so deep laden. and. The only difficulty that remained. and I knew him to be so honest a man. he bought a sloop. as much as if I had shared in the command. for nothing passed more than what is usual after long absences. who soon overtook us. 1707. and setting guard upon us. George the 11th of April. and that having experienced my knowledge in sea-affairs to be at least equal to his. Is taken by pirates. who seemed to be of some authority.” at last he plainly invited me.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER I. went to search the sloop. loaded it with several sorts of goods. Therefore. and arrived at Fort St. to be surgeon of the ship. [The author sets out on his third voyage. whereof three were of the country. the thirst I had of seeing the world. when a great storm arising. made me a visit. commander of the Hopewell. who entered furiously at the head of their men. where the captain resolved to continue some time. when Captain William Robinson. many of whom were sick. wherewith the Tonquinese usually trade to the neighbouring islands.

“we should not die. As to myself.gutenberg. as to have a punishment inflicted on me. and would permit no man to search me. and got a quantity of dry sea-weed. I ate no other supper. said. with a design to reach the nearest of those islands. I gathered plenty of eggs upon the rocks. the Japanese captain was so kind to double out of his own stores.Gulliver's Travels was not commander of either ship. which I designed to 299 300 301 302 SiSU www. whereof there were great numbers.” I made the captain a very low bow. and then. I passed the night under the shelter of a rock. I discovered. and turning to his companions. I set up my sail. and begged him. in about three hours. which I made a shift to do. and longitude of 183. which lay south-south-east to the former. about three times the wideness of my canoe. before I could find a convenient place to land in. and after several questions. by which I roasted my eggs. This island was at a greater distance than I expected. About an hour before we saw the pirates I had taken an observation. spoke with great vehemence in the Japanese language. by my pocket-glass. It was all rocky: however I got many birds' eggs. swore we should be tied back to back and thrown into the sea. I got down into the 96 . and I did not reach it in less than five hours. with paddles and a sail. it was determined that I should be set adrift in a small canoe. and sweet-smelling herbs. and parched grass. I found the island to be all rocky. that he would move the captains to take some pity on us. the wind being fair. and thence to a third and fourth. as I suppose. I took out my small provisions and after having refreshed myself. I encompassed it almost round. The next day I sailed to another island. My men were sent by an equal division into both the pirate ships. after the promise made me that I should not die). I spoken Dutch tolerably well. I told him who we were. striking fire. not to trouble the reader with a particular account of my distresses. than death itself. prevailed so far. and four days' provisions. sometimes using my sail. let it suffice. and. however.” But I had soon reason to repent those foolish words: for that malicious reprobate. he repeated his threatenings. “I was sorry to find more mercy in a heathen. But. who spoke a little Dutch. and found we were in the latitude of 46 N. several islands to the south-east. and my sloop new manned. I kindled some heath and dry sea-weed. I secured the remainder in a cave. he said. This inflamed his rage. and slept pretty well. strewing some heath under me. and jabbering to us in his own language. worse. than in a brother christian. which last. but very imperfectly. that on the fifth day I arrived at the last island in my sight. only a little intermingled with tufts of grass. turning to the Dutchman. being resolved to spare my provisions as much as I could. in all human appearance. often using the word Christianos. which was a small creek. He knew us by our countenances to be Englishmen. loaded me with all the curses and injurious terms his language could afford. The largest of the two pirate ships was commanded by a Japanese captain. and sometimes my paddles. standing upon the deck. while the Dutchman. of neighbouring countries in strict alliance. in consideration of our being Christians and Protestants. which I answered in great humility. He came up to me. having often endeavoured in vain to persuade both the captains that I might be thrown into the sea (which they would not yield to. When I was at some distance from the pirates.

but I did not observe the air to be much colder. My bed was the same dry grass and sea-weed which I intended for fuel. smooth. I waved my cap (for my hat was long since worn out) and my handkerchief toward the island. I lay all night in the cave where I had lodged my provisions. it advanced nearer. and I could see the sides of it encompassed with several gradations of galleries. it appeared to be a firm 97 . that I had not the heart to rise. in a manner very different from what happens by the interposition of a cloud. the island was moved and raised in such a manner. I considered how impossible it was to preserve my life in so desolate a place. for the disquiets of my mind prevailed over my weariness. and hid the sun six or seven minutes. seemed to be persons of distinction. at certain intervals. to the top of the island. and kept me awake. that these were sent for orders to some person in authority upon this occasion. I beheld a crowd gather to that side which was most in my view. and before I could get spirits enough to creep out of my cave. steel. the bottom flat. although they made no return to my shouting. for I had about me my flint. But I could see four or five men running in great haste. that they plainly discovered me. I rather chose to observe what course the island would take. but received no answer. than if I had stood under the shade of a mountain. help to deliver me from the desolate place and condition I was in. and how miserable my end must be: yet found myself so listless and desponding. and could plainly discover numbers of people moving up and down the sides of it. The number of people increased. But not being at that time in a disposition to philosophise upon this phenomenon. and others looking on.gutenberg. match. I found by their pointing towards me and to each other. from the reflection of the sea below. which appeared to be sloping. as I supposed 303 304 SiSU www. and shining very bright. I took out my pocket perspective. and spoke in the humblest accent. Those who stood nearest over against me. some way or other. who then disappeared. Yet soon after. I turned back. I then put myself in the most supplicating posture. I beheld some people fishing with long angling rods. I stood upon a height about two hundred yards from the shore. As it approached nearer over the place where I was. or put it into progressive motion. at less than an English mile distance. and saw this vast body descending almost to a parallel with me. or the sky more darkened. but what those people where doing I was not able to distinguish. and upon its nearer approach. and roast my eggs as well as I could. I slept very little. and stairs. I walked awhile among the rocks: the sky was perfectly clear. because it seemed for awhile to stand still.Gulliver's Travels kindle the next day. and I was ready to entertain a hope that this adventure might. I happened rightly to conjecture. But at the same time the reader can hardly conceive my astonishment. and. and burning-glass. that the lowest gallery appeared in a parallel of less then a hundred yards distance from the height where I stood. and perceived a vast opaque body between me and the sun moving forwards towards the island: it seemed to be about two miles high. The natural love of life gave me some inward motion of joy. to descend from one to the other. and the sun so hot. in less than half all hour. inhabited by men. as they pleased. up the stairs. who were able (as it should seem) to raise or sink. that I was forced to turn my face from it: when all on a sudden it became obscure. In the lowest gallery. as I thought. I called and shouted with the utmost strength of my voice. the day was far advanced. and then looking circumspectly. to behold an island in the air.

Gulliver's Travels

by their habit. They conferred earnestly with each other, looking often upon me. At length one of them called out in a clear, polite, smooth dialect, not unlike in sound to the Italian: and therefore I returned an answer in that language, hoping at least that the cadence might be more agreeable to his ears. Although neither of us understood the other, yet my meaning was easily known, for the people saw the distress I was in. They made signs for me to come down from the rock, and go towards the shore, which I accordingly did; and the flying island being raised to a convenient height, the verge directly over me, a chain was let down from the lowest gallery, with a seat fastened to the bottom, to which I fixed myself, and was drawn up by pulleys.



Gulliver's Travels

CHAPTER II. [The humours and dispositions of the Laputians described. An account of their learning. Of the king and his court. The author's reception there. The inhabitants subject to fear and disquietudes. An account of the women.] At my alighting, I was surrounded with a crowd of people, but those who stood nearest seemed to be of better quality. They beheld me with all the marks and circumstances of wonder; neither indeed was I much in their debt, having never till then seen a race of mortals so singular in their shapes, habits, and countenances. Their heads were all reclined, either to the right, or the left; one of their eyes turned inward, and the other directly up to the zenith. Their outward garments were adorned with the figures of suns, moons, and stars; interwoven with those of fiddles, flutes, harps, trumpets, guitars, harpsichords, and many other instruments of music, unknown to us in Europe. I observed, here and there, many in the habit of servants, with a blown bladder, fastened like a flail to the end of a stick, which they carried in their hands. In each bladder was a small quantity of dried peas, or little pebbles, as I was afterwards informed. With these bladders, they now and then flapped the mouths and ears of those who stood near them, of which practice I could not then conceive the meaning. It seems the minds of these people are so taken up with intense speculations, that they neither can speak, nor attend to the discourses of others, without being roused by some external taction upon the organs of speech and hearing; for which reason, those persons who are able to afford it always keep a flapper (the original is climenole) in their family, as one of their domestics; nor ever walk abroad, or make visits, without him. And the business of this officer is, when two, three, or more persons are in company, gently to strike with his bladder the mouth of him who is to speak, and the right ear of him or them to whom the speaker addresses himself. This flapper is likewise employed diligently to attend his master in his walks, and upon occasion to give him a soft flap on his eyes; because he is always so wrapped up in cogitation, that he is in manifest danger of falling down every precipice, and bouncing his head against every post; and in the streets, of justling others, or being justled himself into the kennel. It was necessary to give the reader this information, without which he would be at the same loss with me to understand the proceedings of these people, as they conducted me up the stairs to the top of the island, and from thence to the royal palace. While we were ascending, they forgot several times what they were about, and left me to myself, till their memories were again roused by their flappers; for they appeared altogether unmoved by the sight of my foreign habit and countenance, and by the shouts of the vulgar, whose thoughts and minds were more disengaged. At last we entered the palace, and proceeded into the chamber of presence, where I saw the king seated on his throne, attended on each side by persons of prime quality. Before the throne, was a large table filled with globes and spheres, and mathematical instruments of all kinds. His majesty took not the least notice of us, although our entrance was not without sufficient noise, by the concourse of all persons belonging to the court. But he was then deep in a problem; and we attended at least an hour, before








Gulliver's Travels

he could solve it. There stood by him, on each side, a young page with flaps in their hands, and when they saw he was at leisure, one of them gently struck his mouth, and the other his right ear; at which he startled like one awaked on the sudden, and looking towards me and the company I was in, recollected the occasion of our coming, whereof he had been informed before. He spoke some words, whereupon immediately a young man with a flap came up to my side, and flapped me gently on the right ear; but I made signs, as well as I could, that I had no occasion for such an instrument; which, as I afterwards found, gave his majesty, and the whole court, a very mean opinion of my understanding. The king, as far as I could conjecture, asked me several questions, and I addressed myself to him in all the languages I had. When it was found I could neither understand nor be understood, I was conducted by his order to an apartment in his palace (this prince being distinguished above all his predecessors for his hospitality to strangers), where two servants were appointed to attend me. My dinner was brought, and four persons of quality, whom I remembered to have seen very near the king's person, did me the honour to dine with me. We had two courses, of three dishes each. In the first course, there was a shoulder of mutton cut into an equilateral triangle, a piece of beef into a rhomboides, and a pudding into a cycloid. The second course was two ducks trussed up in the form of fiddles; sausages and puddings resembling flutes and hautboys, and a breast of veal in the shape of a harp. The servants cut our bread into cones, cylinders, parallelograms, and several other mathematical figures. While we were at dinner, I made bold to ask the names of several things in their language, and those noble persons, by the assistance of their flappers, delighted to give me answers, hoping to raise my admiration of their great abilities if I could be brought to converse with them. I was soon able to call for bread and drink, or whatever else I wanted. After dinner my company withdrew, and a person was sent to me by the king's order, attended by a flapper. He brought with him pen, ink, and paper, and three or four books, giving me to understand by signs, that he was sent to teach me the language. We sat together four hours, in which time I wrote down a great number of words in columns, with the translations over against them; I likewise made a shift to learn several short sentences; for my tutor would order one of my servants to fetch something, to turn about, to make a bow, to sit, or to stand, or walk, and the like. Then I took down the sentence in writing. He showed me also, in one of his books, the figures of the sun, moon, and stars, the zodiac, the tropics, and polar circles, together with the denominations of many plains and solids. He gave me the names and descriptions of all the musical instruments, and the general terms of art in playing on each of them. After he had left me, I placed all my words, with their interpretations, in alphabetical order. And thus, in a few days, by the help of a very faithful memory, I got some insight into their language. The word, which I interpret the flying or floating island, is in the original Laputa, whereof I could never learn the true etymology. Lap, in the old obsolete language, signifies high; and untuh, a governor; from which they say, by corruption, was derived Laputa, from Lapuntuh. But I do not approve of this derivation, which seems to be a little strained. I ventured to offer to the learned among them a conjecture of my own, that Laputa was quasi lap outed; lap, signifying properly, the dancing of the sunbeams




Gulliver's Travels

in the sea, and outed, a wing; which, however, I shall not obtrude, but submit to the judicious reader. Those to whom the king had entrusted me, observing how ill I was clad, ordered a tailor to come next morning, and take measure for a suit of clothes. This operator did his office after a different manner from those of his trade in Europe. He first took my altitude by a quadrant, and then, with a rule and compasses, described the dimensions and outlines of my whole body, all which he entered upon paper; and in six days brought my clothes very ill made, and quite out of shape, by happening to mistake a figure in the calculation. But my comfort was, that I observed such accidents very frequent, and little regarded. During my confinement for want of clothes, and by an indisposition that held me some days longer, I much enlarged my dictionary; and when I went next to court, was able to understand many things the king spoke, and to return him some kind of answers. His majesty had given orders, that the island should move north-east and by east, to the vertical point over Lagado, the metropolis of the whole kingdom below, upon the firm earth. It was about ninety leagues distant, and our voyage lasted four days and a half. I was not in the least sensible of the progressive motion made in the air by the island. On the second morning, about eleven o'clock, the king himself in person, attended by his nobility, courtiers, and officers, having prepared all their musical instruments, played on them for three hours without intermission, so that I was quite stunned with the noise; neither could I possibly guess the meaning, till my tutor informed me. He said that, the people of their island had their ears adapted to hear “the music of the spheres, which always played at certain periods, and the court was now prepared to bear their part, in whatever instrument they most excelled.” In our journey towards Lagado, the capital city, his majesty ordered that the island should stop over certain towns and villages, from whence he might receive the petitions of his subjects. And to this purpose, several packthreads were let down, with small weights at the bottom. On these packthreads the people strung their petitions, which mounted up directly, like the scraps of paper fastened by school boys at the end of the string that holds their kite. Sometimes we received wine and victuals from below, which were drawn up by pulleys. The knowledge I had in mathematics, gave me great assistance in acquiring their phraseology, which depended much upon that science, and music; and in the latter I was not unskilled. Their ideas are perpetually conversant in lines and figures. If they would, for example, praise the beauty of a woman, or any other animal, they describe it by rhombs, circles, parallelograms, ellipses, and other geometrical terms, or by words of art drawn from music, needless here to repeat. I observed in the king's kitchen all sorts of mathematical and musical instruments, after the figures of which they cut up the joints that were served to his majesty's table. Their houses are very ill built, the walls bevil, without one right angle in any apartment; and this defect arises from the contempt they bear to practical geometry, which they despise as vulgar and mechanic; those instructions they give being too refined for the intellects of their workmen, which occasions perpetual mistakes. And although they







and of all the planets that receive their light from it. although they are ashamed to own it publicly. that the face of the sun. in the management of the rule. inclining us to be most curious and conceited in matters where we have least concern. and their disturbances proceed from causes which very little affect the rest of mortals. Imagination. that the earth very narrowly escaped a brush from the tail of the last comet. which is seldom their case. was the strong disposition I observed in them towards news and politics. daily spending its rays without any nutriment to supply them. and in its absence from the sun. which would have infallibly reduced it to ashes. unless those people suppose. and especially those who deal in the astronomical part. I have indeed observed the same disposition among most of the mathematicians I have known in Europe. and the divider. and give no more light to the world. and vehemently given to opposition. by the continual approaches of the sun towards it. if the earth should pass at the distance of one hundred thousand miles from the nucleus. the whole compass of their thoughts and mind being shut up within the two forementioned sciences. will at last be wholly consumed and annihilated. or swallowed up. nor so slow and perplexed in their conceptions upon all other subjects. and the like impending dangers. through which. For if. be absorbed. it should approach within a certain degree of the sun (as by their calculations they have reason to dread) it will receive a degree of heat ten thousand times more intense than that of red hot glowing iron. that the earth. will. and passionately disputing every inch of a party opinion.gutenberg. These people are under continual disquietudes. and thought altogether unaccountable. in its 102 . in course of time. When they meet an acquaintance in 318 319 320 SiSU www. fancy. yet in the common actions and behaviour of life. unless when they happen to be of the right opinion. it must in its passage be set on fire. but I rather take this quality to spring from a very common infirmity of human nature. and reduced to ashes: that the sun. and unhandy people. and for which we are least adapted by study or nature. they are wholly strangers to. awkward. therefore the regulation and management of the world require no more abilities than the handling and turning of a globe. They are very bad reasoners. But what I chiefly admired. except those of mathematics and music. that because the smallest circle has as many degrees as the largest. perpetually inquiring into public affairs. must. be encrusted with its own effluvia. although I could never discover the least analogy between the two sciences. carry a blazing tail ten hundred thousand and fourteen miles long. which must be attended with the destruction of this earth. nor have any relish for the common pleasures and amusements of life. and that the next. will probably destroy us. I have not seen a more clumsy. by which those ideas can be expressed. by degrees. Their apprehensions arise from several changes they dread in the celestial bodies: for instance. or main body of the comet.Gulliver's Travels are dexterous enough upon a piece of paper. the pencil. Most of them. which they have calculated for one-andthirty years hence. nor have any words in their language. and invention. They are so perpetually alarmed with the apprehensions of these. giving their judgments in matters of state. that they can neither sleep quietly in their beds. have great faith in judicial astrology. never enjoying a minutes peace of mind.

I had made a tolerable proficiency in their language. by frequent experience. and this is not easy to be obtained. and that they are much more uniform. and lives in the finest palace of the island. whereof there is always a considerable number from the continent below. This conversation they are apt to run into with the same temper that boys discover in delighting to hear terrible stories of spirits and hobgoblins. and received the account I gave him with great contempt and indifference. And although her husband received her with all possible kindness. till the king sent a warrant to search for her. and has not been heard of since. I was told that a great court lady. In about a month's time. 321 322 323 324 SiSU www. and she was found in an obscure eatinghouse all in rags. or their own particular occasions. the richest subject in the kingdom. but confined his questions to the state of mathematics. and without his flapper at his side. and take the diversions of the metropolis. The wives and daughters lament their confinement to the island. that the mistress and lover may proceed to the greatest familiarities before his face. because the people of quality have found. and what hopes they have to avoid the stroke of the approaching comet. the first question is about the sun's health. when I had the honour to attend him. and although they live here in the greatest plenty and magnificence. although I think it the most delicious spot of ground in the world. But he may please to consider.--is married to the prime minister. and dare not go to bed for fear. contemn their husbands. because they want the same endowments. either upon affairs of the several towns and corporations. than for one of a country so remote. who beat her every day. and without the least reproach. much against her will. how hard it is to persuade their women to return from below. Among these the ladies choose their gallants: but the vexation is. This may perhaps pass with the reader rather for an European or English story. how he looked at his setting and rising. religion. though often roused by his flapper on each side. and are exceedingly fond of 103 . that the caprices of womankind are not limited by any climate or nation. which they greedily listen to.-went down to Lagado on the pretence of health. and in whose company she was taken. they long to see the world. who had several children. that they act with too much ease and security. history. attending at court.Gulliver's Travels the morning. she soon after contrived to steal down again. The women of the island have abundance of vivacity: they.gutenberg. a very graceful person. government. with all her jewels. for the husband is always so rapt in speculation. His majesty discovered not the least curiosity to inquire into the laws. extremely fond of her. there hid herself for several months. which they are not allowed to do without a particular license from the king. if he be but provided with paper and implements. or manners of the countries where I had been. but are much despised. to the same gallant. having pawned her clothes to maintain an old deformed footman. than can be easily imagined. and are allowed to do whatever they please. and was able to answer most of the king's questions.

is a loadstone of a prodigious size. and two hundred yards distant from the centre. four feet yards in diameter. or under surface. Above it lie the several minerals in their usual order. upon which it plays. as naturalists agree. and is poised so exactly that the weakest hand can turn it. This magnet is sustained by a very strong axle of adamant passing through its middle. quadrants. The king's method of suppressing insurrections. At the centre of the island there is a chasm about fifty yards in diameter. it owed its several motions. and other astronomical instruments. It is in length six yards. which appears to those who view it below. which fall upon the island. situated at the depth of a hundred yards beneath the upper surface of the adamant. It is three hundred yards thick. For. The flying or floating island is exactly circular. The Laputians' great improvements in the latter. From these basins the water is continually exhaled by the sun in the daytime. The declivity of the upper surface. is the natural cause why all the dews and rains. and consequently contains ten thousand acres. Besides. But the greatest curiosity. ten or twelve feet deep. and over all is a coat of rich mould. 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 SiSU www. its diameter 7837 yards. In this cave are twenty lamps continually burning. and supported by eight adamantine feet. which he was graciously pleased to grant. each six yards high. placed horizontally. the island is made to rise and fall.] I desired leave of this prince to see the curiosities of the island. he can prevent the falling of dews and rain whenever he pleases. from the reflection of the adamant. and move from one place to 104 . cast a strong light into every part. [A phenomenon solved by modern philosophy and astronomy. telescopes. The place is stored with great variety of sextants. from the circumference to the centre. with respect to that part of the earth over which the monarch presides. By means of this loadstone. The bottom. and ordered my tutor to attend me. For the highest clouds cannot rise above two miles.gutenberg. whence the astronomers descend into a large dome. at least they were never known to do so in that country. to what cause. whereof I will now give a philosophical account to the reader. is one even regular plate of adamant. I chiefly wanted to know. shooting up to the height of about two hundred yards. astrolabes. in art or in nature. and turned round as there is occasion. each of about half a mile in circuit. because the hoop and its feet are one continued piece with that body of adamant which constitutes the bottom of the island. and in the thickest part at least three yards over. which. In the middle of the concave side. are conveyed in small rivulets toward the middle. or the astronomer's cave. which effectually prevents their overflowing. which is therefore called flandona gagnole. in shape resembling a weaver's shuttle. where they are emptied into four large basins. as it is in the power of the monarch to raise the island above the region of clouds and vapours. there is a groove twelve inches deep. upon which the fate of the island depends. It is hooped round with a hollow cylinder of adamant. or about four miles and a half. in which the extremities of the axle are lodged. The stone cannot be removed from its place by any force.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER III.

whereas the largest of ours do not contain above one third part of that number. and c the attracting 105 . the motion of the island is so too: for in this magnet. where. For which the astronomers (who have written large systems concerning the stone) assign the following reason: that the magnetic virtue does not extend beyond the distance of four miles. the island may be carried to G. and at the other with a repulsive. by directing the attracting end towards G. whereof the innermost is distant from the centre of the primary planet exactly three of 332 333 334 335 SiSU www. and that the mineral. the island will rise obliquely towards F. which they do by the assistance of glasses. then the island will be driven upwards obliquely towards D. with its attracting end towards the earth. By this oblique motion. the forces always act in lines parallel to its direction. the one in drawing downwards. the island being over C: let the stone be placed in position c d. the other in pushing upwards. When the position of the stone is oblique. Upon placing the magnet erect. who. of which let d be the repelling end. from time to time.gutenberg. and from G to H. They have likewise discovered two lesser stars.Gulliver's Travels the stone is endued at one of its sides with an attractive power. When the stone is put parallel to the plane of the horizon. but when the repelling extremity points downwards. the island mounts directly upwards. act with equal force. the island is conveyed to different parts of the monarch's dominions. where. But it must be observed. This advantage has enabled them to extend their discoveries much further than our astronomers in Europe. by changing the situation of the stone. To explain the manner of its progress. although their largest telescopes do not exceed three feet. with its repelling end downwards. and it was easy. give it such positions as the monarch directs. far excelling ours in goodness. let the stone be turned upon its axle. the island is made to rise and fall by turns in an oblique direction. for they have made a catalogue of ten thousand fixed stars. which acts upon the stone in the bowels of the earth. that this island cannot move beyond the extent of the dominions below. and show the stars with greater clearness. let the line c d represent the loadstone. they magnify much more than those of a hundred with us. or satellites. nor can it rise above the height of four miles. being at equal distance from the earth. by turning the stone. and then the island will be carried obliquely towards E. And thus. till its attracting end points towards E. the island stands still. if the stone be again turned upon its axle till it stands in the position E F. and consequently no motion can ensue. and in the sea about six leagues distant from the shore. is not diffused through the whole globe. the island descends. which revolve about Mars. and by those alternate risings and fallings (the obliquity being not considerable) is conveyed from one part of the dominions to the other. let A B represent a line drawn across the dominions of Balnibarbi. for a prince to bring under his obedience whatever country lay within the attraction of that magnet. so as to make its repelling extremity to point directly downward. for in that case the extremities of it. with its repelling point downwards. but terminated with the limits of the king's dominions. from the great advantage of such a superior situation. When it is arrived at D. They spend the greatest part of their lives in observing the celestial bodies. For. This loadstone is under the care of certain astronomers. as often as there is occasion.

out of a pretence of tenderness to his people. it is the opinion of all their philosophers. and the latter in twenty-one and a 106 . which at present is very lame and defective. will often do in our chimneys. neither indeed is he willing to put it in execution.Gulliver's Travels his diameters. in which case. while the roofs of their houses are beaten to pieces. whereby he can deprive them of the benefit of the sun and the rain. If this be true (and they affirm it with great confidence) it is much to be wished. However. as the backs. whereby the theory of comets. that their observations were made public. for the island is the king's demesne. he proceeds to the last remedy. or burst by approaching too near the fires from the houses below. a sudden fall might endanger the bottom or under surface of the island. And the king. which makes a universal destruction both of houses and men. if the town intended to be destroyed should have in it any tall rocks. but these having their estates below on the continent. They have observed ninety-three different comets. and the outermost. if he could but prevail on a ministry to join with him. although it consist. so it would be a great damage to their own estates. this is an extremity to which the prince is seldom driven. and considering that the office of a favourite has a very uncertain tenure. and the lands about it. as I have said. or if it abound in high spires. nor dare his ministers advise him to an action. why the kings of this country have been always averse from executing so terrible an action. fall into violent factions. and consequently afflict the inhabitants with dearth and diseases: and if the crime deserve it. and understand how far to carry their obstinacy. 336 337 338 339 SiSU www. which. by keeping the island hovering over such a town. against which they have no defence but by creeping into cellars or caves. indeed. but. by letting the island drop directly upon their heads. and settled their periods with great exactness. two hundred yards thick. would never consent to the enslaving of their country. a situation probably chosen at first with a view to prevent such a catastrophe. that the loadstone could no longer hold it up. But if they still continue obstinate.gutenberg. or pillars of stone. as it would render them odious to the people. and the whole mass would fall to the ground. of one entire adamant. when he is highest provoked. which all lie below. which. or refuse to pay the usual tribute. both of iron and stone. five. The king would be the most absolute prince in the universe. might happen to crack by too great a shock. for fear of breaking the adamantine bottom. as it generally falls out in the larger cities. the king has two methods of reducing them to obedience. so that the squares of their periodical times are very near in the same proportion with the cubes of their distance from the centre of Mars. might be brought to the same perfection with other arts of astronomy. which evidently shows them to be governed by the same law of gravitation that influences the other heavenly bodies. they are at the same time pelted from above with great stones. orders the island to descend with great gentleness. the former revolves in the space of ten hours. If any town should engage in rebellion or mutiny. or offer to raise insurrections. and most determined to press a city to rubbish. unless upon the utmost necessity. For. where their liberty or property is concerned. But there is still indeed a more weighty reason. Of all this the people are well apprised. The first and the mildest course is.

are permitted to leave the island.Gulliver's Travels By a fundamental law of this realm. 340 SiSU www. till she is past child-bearing. nor the 107 .gutenberg. nor either of his two eldest sons. neither the king.

He had two flappers attending him for state. together with a letter of recommendation to a friend of his in Lagado. He was pleased to show me many marks of favour. He was universally reckoned the most ignorant and stupid person among them. which he accordingly did. for neither prince nor people appeared to be curious in any part of knowledge. when we were alone together. as he was pleased to tell me. and court-pages. to intercede in my behalf with his majesty. had great natural and acquired parts. is conveyed to Balnibarbi. adorned with integrity and honour. I rendered myself extremely contemptible. with regret: for indeed he had made me several offers very advantageous. and would always command them to withdraw. that his detractors 108 . for leave to depart. and the country adjoining. and upon that account very little regarded. not without some degree of contempt. a good degree of knowledge in their language: I was weary of being confined to an island where I received so little countenance. and made very wise observations on all I spoke. after having seen all the curiosities of the island. The island being then hovering over a mountain about two 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 SiSU www. arrives at the metropolis. I was very desirous to leave it. The author hospitably received by a great lord. and for that reason alone used with respect. often did me the honour of a visit.” neither could his tutors. teach him to demonstrate the most easy proposition in the mathematics. There was a great lord at court. I had obtained. but never made use of them. during two months of my abode there. except at court and in visits of ceremony. without extreme difficulty.] Although I cannot say that I was ill treated in this island. tradesmen. yet I must confess I thought myself too much neglected. and wherein I am not unversed.gutenberg. wherein I was far their inferior. A description of the metropolis. He listened to me with great attention. that I never met with such disagreeable companions. He had performed many eminent services for the crown. desired to be informed in the affairs of Europe. His conversation with that lord. with expressions of the highest acknowledgment. On the other side. flappers. but so ill an ear for music. the metropolis. so abstracted and involved in speculation. however. I entreated this illustrious person.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER IV. his kinsman. the manners and learning of the several countries where I had travelled. at the same time. I refused. They were indeed excellent in two sciences for which I have great esteem. On the 16th of February I took leave of his majesty and the court. and my protector. I conversed only with women. “he had been often known to beat time in the wrong place. by hard study. but. The king made me a present to the value of about two hundred pounds English. yet these were the only people from whom I could ever receive a reasonable answer. by which. at last. as much more. being heartily weary of those people. nearly related to the king. and resolved to leave it with the first opportunity. which. [The author leaves Laputa. except mathematics and music. the laws and customs.

When I gave that free censure of the country and its inhabitants. where I continued during my stay. what absurdities I observed. and had been some years governor of Lagado.” with other common topics to the same purpose. whose name was Munodi. in three hours 349 350 351 352 353 SiSU www. but. I never knew a soil so unhappily cultivated. and faces. is called Lagado.Gulliver's Travels miles from it. which folly and beggary had produced in others. but. and I made bold to desire my conductor. During our journey he made me observe the several methods used by farmers in managing their lands. and most of them out of repair. I could not discover one ear of corn or blade of grass. This great lord. I felt some little satisfaction in finding myself on firm ground. I soon found out the person's house to whom I was recommended. was discharged for insufficiency.” He said. and sufficiently instructed to converse with them. but of a low contemptible understanding. but was not able to conjecture what they were about: neither did observe any expectation either of corn or grass. their eyes fixed. “if I would go with him to his country-house. quality. that he would be pleased to explain to me. as a well-meaning man. or a people whose countenances and habit expressed so much misery and want. and were generally in rags. “that I had not been long enough among them to form a judgment. and was entertained in a most hospitable manner. We passed through one of the town gates. I walked to the city without any concern. although the soil appeared to be excellent. The continent. where his estate lay. passes under the general name of Balnibarbi. there would be more leisure for this kind of conversation. “that his excellency's prudence. presented my letter from his friend the grandee in the island. This lord Munodi was a person of the first rank. because every thing about him was magnificent. ordered me an apartment in his own house. regular. what could be meant by so many busy heads. I answered. as I said before. both in town and country. being clad like one of the natives. because I did not discover any good effects they produced. and polite. where I saw many labourers working with several sorts of tools in the ground. which to me were wholly 109 . and went about three miles into the country. and fortune. when we returned to his palace. both in the streets and the fields. I was let down from the lowest gallery. about twenty miles distant. and was received with much kindness. the king treated him with tenderness. he took me in his chariot to see the town.gutenberg. But. However. and the metropolis. and that the different nations of the world had different customs. he made no further answer than by telling me. and what quarrel I had with the dress or looks of his domestics?” This he might safely do. he asked me “how I liked the building. as far as it is subject to the monarch of the flying island. on the contrary. The next morning after my arrival. which is about half the bigness of London. But. by a cabal of ministers. hands. but the houses very strangely built. I could not forbear admiring at these odd appearances. had exempted him from those defects. except in some very few places. The people in the streets walked fast. in the same manner as I had been taken up.” and accordingly we set out next morning.” I told his excellency “that I was entirely at his disposal. looked wild. for. houses so ill contrived and so ruinous.

His excellency observed my countenance to clear up. I gave due praises to every thing I saw. By all which. were all disposed with exact judgment and taste. In these colleges the professors contrive new rules and methods of agriculture and building.” The sum of his discourse was to this effect: “That about forty years ago. as they undertake. and weak like himself. The only inconvenience is. the fields enclosed. caprice. the people there being too much taken up in their own speculations. that there is not a town of any consequence in the kingdom without such an academy. we came into a most beautiful country. but were looked on with an eye of contempt and ill-will. and groves. there being no third companion. of materials so durable as to last for ever without repairing. and in the mean time. gardens. whereof his excellency took not the least notice till after supper. a palace may be built in a week. sciences. unless he would submit to incur the censure of pride. as enemies to art. To this end.Gulliver's Travels travelling. was followed by very few.gutenberg. the scene was wholly altered. containing vineyards. till we should come to his house: that his countrymen ridiculed and despised him. the houses in ruins. and wilful. upon their return. and increase a hundred fold more than they do at present. “that there his estate began. and. in every part of life. being not of an enterprising spirit. upon a new foot. and the humour prevailed so strongly among the people. built according to the best rules of ancient architecture. The fountains. they are fifty times more violently bent upon prosecuting their schemes. either upon business or diversion. and meadows. at small distances. I never heard of at court. the whole country lies miserably waste. ignorant. which. neatly built. and ill common-wealth's men. and act as they did. when. he told me with a very melancholy air “that he doubted he must throw down his houses in town and country. but full of volatile spirits acquired in that airy region: that these persons. singularity. corn-grounds. to live in the houses his ancestors had built. and perhaps increase his majesty's displeasure. languages. walks. and cast others into such a form as modern usage required. Neither do I remember to have seen a more delightful prospect. that none of these projects are yet brought to perfection. with innumerable other happy proposals. driven equally on by hope and despair: that as for himself. with a sigh. for managing his affairs no better. whereby. ignorance. and new instruments. he told me. and for setting so ill an example to the kingdom. affectation. came back with a very little smattering in mathematics. he was content to go on in the old forms. and the people without food or clothes. certain persons went up to 110 . and tools for all trades and manufactures. and mechanics. and would continue the same. instead of being discouraged. farmers' houses. preferring their 354 355 SiSU www. without innovation: that some few other persons of quality and gentry had done the same. such as were old. and fell into schemes of putting all arts. destroy all his plantations. avenues. they procured a royal patent for erecting an academy of projectors in Lagado. which was indeed a noble structure. began to dislike the management of every thing below. after five months continuance. and give the same directions to all his tenants.” We came at length to the house. to have regard to what passed here below. probably. one man shall do the work of ten. to rebuild them after the present mode. All the fruits of the earth shall come to maturity at whatever season we think fit to choose. that the admiration I appeared to be under would cease or diminish. when he had informed me of some particulars which. however.

net 111 . descending down a declivity. My lord was pleased to represent me as a great admirer of projects. indeed. 356 357 SiSU www. by any further particulars. and after employing a hundred men for two years.gutenberg. was not without truth. of which he gave me this account: “That he had a very convenient mill within half a mile of his house. to bear me company thither. would turn the mill with half the current of a river whose course is more upon a level.” In a few days we came back to town. and thereby made it fitter for motion. but recommended me to a friend of his. “That he would not. laying the blame entirely upon him. and putting others upon the same experiment. the projectors went off. and because the water. and a person of much curiosity and easy belief. prevent the pleasure I should certainly take in viewing the grand academy. he complied with the proposal. and his excellency. which. a club of those projectors came to him with proposals to destroy this mill. would not go with me himself. turned by a current from a large river. and sufficient for his own family. on the long ridge whereof a long canal must be cut. whither he was resolved I should go.” He said. “that being then not very well with the court.” He only desired me to observe a ruined building. and pressed by many of his friends. that about seven years ago.” His lordship added. because the wind and air upon a height agitated the water. with equal assurance of success. as well as equal disappointment. and build another on the side of that mountain. to be conveyed up by pipes and engines to supply the mill. for a repository of water. railing at him ever since. for I had myself been a sort of projector in my younger days. as well as a great number of his tenants.Gulliver's Travels own ease and sloth before the general improvement of their country. the work miscarried. upon the side of a mountain about three miles distant. considering the bad character he had in the academy.

I went into another chamber. from the society. by separating the several 112 . by the like practice of those two prudent insects. It was indeed my misfortune to find them at that time 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 SiSU www. He has been eight years upon a project for extracting sunbeams out of cucumbers. with sooty hands and face. I saw another at work to calcine ice into gunpowder. and skin. which he justified to me. his face and beard were of a pale yellow. were all of the same colour. by beginning at the roof. Every room has in it one or more projectors. which would be highly resented. I was received very kindly by the warden. his hair and beard long. making the odour exhale. from his first coming into the academy. My conductor pressed me forward. He told me. removing the tincture which it receives from the gall. ragged. that. When I was presented to him. There was a man born blind. being almost overcome with a horrible stink. and entreated me “to give him something as an encouragement to ingenuity. and went for many days to the academy. was an operation to reduce human excrement to its original food. his hands and clothes daubed over with filth. of a vessel filled with human ordure. which he intended to publish. His clothes. and singed in several places. he gave me a close embrace. was purchased and applied to that use. and scumming off the saliva.] This academy is not an entire single building. The academy largely described. The first man I saw was of a meagre aspect. which their master taught them to distinguish by feeling and smelling. which were to be put in phials hermetically sealed. who had several apprentices in his own condition: their employment was to mix colours for painters. he should be able to supply the governor's gardens with sunshine.” and therefore I durst not so much as stop my nose. he did not doubt. for my lord had furnished me with money on purpose. He had a weekly allowance. but was ready to hasten back. [The author permitted to see the grand academy of Lagado. but a continuation of several houses on both sides of a street. who likewise showed me a treatise he had written concerning the malleability of fire. about the bigness of a Bristol barrel. especially since this had been a very dear season for cucumbers.gutenberg. because he knew their practice of begging from all who go to see them. who had contrived a new method for building houses. and working downward to the foundation. and I believe I could not be in fewer than five hundred rooms. a compliment I could well have excused. The arts wherein the professors employ themselves. shirt. and let out to warm the air in raw inclement summers. at a reasonable rate: but he complained that his stock was low. conjuring me in a whisper “to give no offence. in eight years more.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER V.” I made him a small present. The projector of this cell was the most ancient student of the academy. which growing waste. the bee and the spider. His employment. There was a most ingenious architect.

so as to answer and coincide with all accidental turnings of the wind. This artist is much encouraged and esteemed by the whole fraternity. I visited many other apartments. he affirmed he could make the guts as lank as a dried bladder.” And he proposed further. assuring us “that the webs would take a tincture from them. at six inches distance and eight deep. I was complaining of a small fit of the colic. and the patient recovered. which he discharged into the body of the patient.Gulliver's Travels not very perfect in their lessons. and this being repeated three or four times. the charge of dyeing silks should be wholly saved. with a long slender muzzle of ivory: this he conveyed eight inches up the anus. whereof these animals are fondest. He had a large pair of bellows. a quantity of acorns. upon which my conductor led me into a room where a great physician resided. but shall not trouble my reader with all the curiosities I observed.gutenberg. of using silkworms. of certain gums. they found the charge and trouble very great. in a few days. The method is this: in an acre of ground you bury. being studious of brevity. he called aloud to me.” There was an astronomer. However it is not 113 . wherewith he fed his spiders. he hoped to fit everybody's fancy. but could not discern any effect from the former. then you drive six hundred or more of them into the field. where. that this invention may be capable of great improvement. he let in the muzzle while the bellows were full of wind. who was famous for curing that disease. But when the disease was more stubborn and violent.” whereof I was fully convinced. and they had little or no crop. and labour. as well as spin. bringing the noxious along with it. “not to disturb his webs. as soon as he could find proper food for the flies. and drawing in the wind. At my entrance. and made so violent a discharge as was very offensive to me and my companion. upon experiment. and as he had them of all hues. to give a strength and consistence to the threads. and other mast or vegetables.” He lamented “the fatal mistake the world had been so long in. I saw him try both experiments upon a dog. cattle. oils. to save the charges of ploughs. and other glutinous matter. when he showed me a vast number of flies most beautifully coloured. by the same operation. they will root up the whole ground in search of their food. then withdrew the instrument to replenish it. and we left the doctor endeavouring to recover him. by adjusting the annual and diurnal motions of the earth and sun. I went into another room. I had hitherto seen only one side of the academy. chestnuts. the adventitious wind would rush out. except a narrow passage for the artist to go in and out. and the professor himself happened to be generally mistaken. where the walls and ceiling were all hung round with cobwebs. and make it fit for sowing. After the latter the animal was ready to burst. “that by employing spiders. clapping his thumb strongly against the orifice of then fundament. because they understood how to weave. dates. at the same time manuring it with their dung: it is true. who had undertaken to place a sun-dial upon the great weathercock on the town-house. (like water put into a pump). while we had such plenty of domestic insects who infinitely excelled the former. by contrary operations from the same instrument. The dog died on the spot. the other being appropriated to the 367 368 369 370 371 372 SiSU www. In another apartment I was highly pleased with a projector who had found a device of ploughing the ground with hogs.

that the words shifted into new places. by practical and mechanical operations. They were all linked together by slender wires. and fifty men at work. by extracting the nitre. they dictated to the four remaining boys. but some larger than others. who were scribes. to read the several lines softly. But the world would soon be sensible of its usefulness. about the sides. of broken sentences. and declensions. mathematics. and giving them a sudden turn. After salutation. by a certain composition of gums. and where they found three or four words together that might make part of a sentence. the most ignorant person. and he hoped. for he was going to set his engine at work. and with a little bodily labour. He then commanded six-and-thirty of the lads. the whole disposition of the words was entirely changed. but without any order. poetry. wherein he affirmed the true seminal virtue to be contained. and theology. of whom I shall say something. to prevent the growth of wool upon two young lambs. whereof all his pupils stood in ranks.” He had two large rooms full of wonderful curiosities. which he intended to piece together. others softening marble. in a reasonable time to propagate the breed of naked sheep. and at every turn. the first. and on these papers were written all the words of their language. took each of them hold of an iron handle. outwardly 114 . We crossed a walk to the other part of the academy. exalted thought never sprang in any other man's head. at a reasonable charge. with paper pasted on them.” He then led me to the frame. might write books in philosophy. placed in the middle of the room. “Perhaps I might wonder to see him employed in a project for improving speculative knowledge. at his command. and out of those rich materials. in their several moods. which took up the greatest part of both the length and breadth of the room. politics. as he demonstrated by several experiments. when I have mentioned one illustrious person more.Gulliver's Travels advancers of speculative learning. and he flattered himself. on every square. he said. This work was repeated three or four times. The superfices was composed of several bits of wood. and vegetables.” He told us “he had been thirty years employing his thoughts for the improvement of human life. as the square bits of wood moved upside down. and letting the aqueous or fluid particles percolate. These bits of wood were covered. all over the kingdom. Every one knew how laborious the usual method is of attaining to arts and sciences. laws. to give the world 373 374 375 SiSU www. that a more noble. already collected. who is called among them “the universal artist. minerals.gutenberg. was in a very large room. Six hours a day the young students were employed in this labour. The other was. with forty pupils about him.” The pupils. for pillows and pincushions. about the bigness of a die. and the professor showed me several volumes in large folio. as they appeared upon the frame. The first professor I saw. to sow land with chaff. the projectors in speculative learning resided. as I have already said. observing me to look earnestly upon a frame. The professor then desired me “to observe. others petrifying the hoofs of a living horse. to preserve them from foundering. The artist himself was at that time busy upon two great designs. which I was not skilful enough to comprehend. whereas. the engine was so contrived. tenses. where. without the least assistance from genius or study. whereof there were forty fixed round the edges of the frame. by his contrivance. It was twenty feet square. Some were condensing air into a dry tangible substance.

The first project was. by cutting polysyllables into one. then put up their implements. and in his 115 . “although it were the custom of our learned in Europe to steal inventions from each other. “if ever I had the good fortune to return to my native country.gutenberg. as the sole inventor of this wonderful machine. and verbs. to shorten discourse. as well as brevity. contributes to the shortening of our lives. An expedient was therefore offered.” We next went to the school of languages. who had thereby at least this advantage. that if a man's business be very great. he must be obliged. many of the most learned and wise adhere to the new scheme of expressing themselves by things. and much expedited. and under his arms. I have often beheld two of those sages almost sinking under the weight of their packs. that I would do him justice. He assured me “that this invention had employed all his thoughts from his youth. when they met in the street. and leaving out verbs and participles. who. which has only this inconvenience attending it. Therefore 376 377 378 379 380 381 SiSU www. and oblige the managers to contribute in common their several collections. consequently. he cannot be at a loss. because. where three professors sat in consultation upon improving that of their own country. a diminution of our lunge by corrosion. in reality. in proportion. that he should have the honour entire. in some degree. and this was urged as a great advantage in point of health. and hold conversation for an hour together. and other parts of speech.” the form and contrivance of which I desired leave to delineate on paper. however.” And this invention would certainly have taken place. for his great communicativeness. a man may carry implements in his pockets. to the great ease as well as health of the subject. it would be more convenient for all men to carry about them such things as were necessary to express a particular business they are to discourse on. and promised. However. and made the strictest computation of the general proportion there is in books between the numbers of particles. to carry a greater bundle of things upon his back. all things imaginable are but norms.” I made my humblest acknowledgment to this illustrious person. nouns. had not threatened to raise a rebellion unless they might be allowed the liberty to speak with their tongues. For it is plain. like pedlars among us. and take their leave. as in the figure here annexed. The other project was. and of various kinds. such constant irreconcilable enemies to science are the common people. yet I would take such caution. enough to supply him. after the manner of their forefathers. help each other to resume their burdens. that he had emptied the whole vocabulary into his frame. I told him. in conjunction with the vulgar and illiterate. open their sacks. if the women.Gulliver's Travels a complete body of all arts and sciences. a scheme for entirely abolishing all words whatsoever. that it became a controversy which was the right owner. might be still improved. which. “that since words are only names for things. unless he can afford one or two strong servants to attend him. if the public would raise a fund for making and employing five hundred such frames in Lagado. But for short conversations. would lay down their loads. without a rival. and. that every word we speak is.

so that their uses might easily be comprehended. as the prescription 116 . that it would serve as a universal language. ready at hand.Gulliver's Travels the room where company meet who practise this art. to whom this bolus is so nauseous. and discharge it upwards. 382 383 SiSU www. is full of all things. or ministers of state. to be understood in all civilised nations. And thus ambassadors would be qualified to treat with foreign princes. The proposition. requisite to furnish matter for this kind of artificial converse. eat nothing but bread and water. neither have they been yet persuaded to use so long an abstinence. bearing the proposition along with it. I was at the mathematical school. and partly by the perverseness of lads. As the wafer digested. the tincture mounted to his brain. But the success has not hitherto been answerable. that they generally steal aside. and demonstration. whose goods and utensils are generally of the same kind. with ink composed of a cephalic tincture. were fairly written on a thin wafer. to whose tongues they were utter strangers. before it can operate. where the master taught his pupils after a method scarce imaginable to us in Europe.gutenberg. Another great advantage proposed by this invention was. the student was to swallow upon a fasting stomach. and for three days following. partly by some error in the quantum or composition. This. or nearly resembling.

and the diseases cured. attended by their apothecaries stored with proper medicines. These unhappy people were proposing schemes for persuading monarchs to choose favourites upon the score of their wisdom.” This project could not be of any great expense to the public. This illustrious person had very usefully employed his studies.gutenberg. beget unanimity. administer to each of them lenitives. which are honourably received. flatus. which is a scene that never fails to make me melancholy. with sour frothy ructations: with canine appetites. “that there is nothing so extravagant and irrational. abstersives. certain physicians should attend it the three first days of their sitting. by the vices or infirmities of those who govern. and virtue. There was a most ingenious doctor. impossible chimeras.” But. with scrofulous tumours. vertigos. full of fetid purulent matter. or omit them. however. I was but ill entertained. palliatives. with spleen. shorten 117 . with grievous contractions of the nerves and sinews in both hands. that senates and great councils are often troubled with redundant. but especially the right. and might in my poor opinion. restringents. of teaching ministers to consult the public good. open a few 384 385 386 387 388 SiSU www. and at the close of each day's debate feel the pulses of every senator. with strong convulsions. eminent services. the professors appearing. wholly out of their senses. This doctor therefore proposed. and more of the heart. having maturely considered and consulted upon the nature of the several maladies. who seemed to be perfectly versed in the whole nature and system of government. besides many others. needless to mention. can there be any thing more evident. great abilities. apophlegmatics. as well as by the licentiousness of those who are to obey. in my judgment. as to acknowledge that all of them were not so visionary. by the same prescriptions? It is allowed. icterics. that never entered before into the heart of man to conceive. I shall so far do justice to this part of the Academy. alter. after which. of instructing princes to know their true interest. and. and the methods of cure. and deliriums. ebullient. “that upon the meeting of the senate. that there is a strict universal resemblance between the natural and the political body. with many diseases of the head. by placing it on the same foundation with that of their people. and before the members sat.] In the school of political projectors. be of much use for the despatch of business. aperitives. cephalalgics. of choosing for employments persons qualified to exercise them. they should on the fourth day return to the senate house. with many other wild. according as these medicines should operate. at the next meeting. laxatives.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VI. and confirmed in me the old observation. repeat. of rewarding merit. in finding out effectual remedies for all diseases and corruptions to which the several kinds of public administration are subject. which some philosophers have not maintained for truth. as their several cases required. than that the health of both must be preserved. in those countries where senates have any share in the legislative power. [A further account of the academy. and crudeness of digestion. The author proposes some improvements. For instance: whereas all writers and reasoners have agreed. and other peccant humours. corrosives. capacity. acoustics.

or pinch his arm black and blue. but the professor assured us. should be obliged to give his vote directly contrary. or absolutely refused. and argued in the defence of it. and collected in the same manner. or a kick in the belly. and at every levee day. as well as regularity of thinking. the decision whereof should be left entirely to their own breast. in quantity or quality. from his own knowledge. justice. after he had delivered his opinion. then let two nice operators saw off the occiput of each couple at the same time. by a jury of his neighbours. were likewise proposed to be largely taxed.” For he argued thus: “that the two half brains being left to debate the matter between themselves within the space of one skull. he offered a wonderful contrivance to reconcile them. they are allowed to be their own vouchers. the doctor assured us. among those who are directors in faction. without grieving the subject.gutenberg. curb the petulancy of the young. because if that were done. and damp the pert. so much to be wished for in the heads of those. should. to lay a certain tax upon vices and folly. repeat the same operation. and produce that moderation. with the utmost brevity and in the plainest words.Gulliver's Travels mouths which are now closed. and correct the positiveness of the old. It seems indeed to be a work that requires some exactness. Again: because it is a general complaint. 389 390 391 392 SiSU www. and politeness. to prevent forgetfulness. that the favourites of princes are troubled with short and weak memories. or tread on his corns. or run a pin into his breech. The method is this: You take a hundred leaders of each party. The first affirmed. the result would infallibly terminate in the good of the public. the rate to be more or less. about the most commodious and effectual ways and means of raising money.” When parties in a state are violent.” He likewise directed. you dispose them into couples of such whose heads are nearest of a size. “the justest method would be. rouse the 118 .” The second was of an opinion directly contrary. that ”it was a perfect trifle. would soon come to a good understanding. they should not be taxed at all. who imagine they come into the world only to watch and govern its motion: and as to the difference of brains. or lug him thrice by both ears. and learning. in such a manner that the brain may be equally divided. “that if it were dexterously performed. Wit. “that whoever attended a first minister. for which men chiefly value themselves. the cure would be infallible. for which. by every person's giving his own word for the quantum of what he possessed. that no man will either allow them in his neighbour or value them in himself. But as to honour. at his departure. after having told his business. thus cut off. valour. because they are qualifications of so singular a kind. be interchanged. wisdom. Let the occiputs. and the sum fixed upon every man to be rated. “to tax those qualities of body and mind. after the fairest manner. applying each to the head of his opposite party-man.” I heard a very warm debate between two professors.” The highest tax was upon men who are the greatest favourites of the other sex. till the business were done. the same doctor proposed. “that every senator in the great council of a nation. according to the degrees of excelling. and close many more which are now open. and the assessments. according to the number and nature of the favours they have received. give the said minister a tweak by the nose.

Gulliver's Travels The women were proposed to be taxed according to their beauty and skill in dressing. especially those of the projecting species. and. as I conceived. every man first taking an oath. chastity. “that in the kingdom of Tribnia. when he used. London. a senate. and intent. The plots. 3 4 393 394 395 396 397 Britannia. wherein they had the same privilege with the men. He advised great statesmen to examine into the diet of all suspected persons. they can discover a close stool. were not rated. form a judgment of their thoughts and designs. it was proposed that the members should raffle for employment. their times of eating. the conduct. to supply him with some additions. all under the colours. not altogether complete. very dexterous in finding out the mysterious meanings of words. from the colour. This I ventured to tell the author. that he would vote for the court. to consider which was the best way of murdering the king. merely as a trial. the taste. the liberty of raffling upon the next vacancy. or burning the metropolis. but. professing “he would be glad to receive further information. and offered. He received my proposition with more compliance than is usual among writers. the crudeness or maturity of digestion. because they would not bear the charge of collecting. whose shoulders are broader and stronger than those of a ministry. what suspected persons shall be accused of a plot. to be determined by their own judgment. a flock of geese. a lame dog. in their turn. and put the owners in chains. Another professor showed me a large paper of instructions for discovering plots and conspiracies against the government. but quite different. and their deputies. the bulk of the people consist in a manner wholly of discoverers.4 where I had sojourned some time in my travels. and letters: for instance. with which hand they wipe their posteriors. then. together with their several subservient and subaltern instruments. are usually the workmanship of those persons who desire to raise their own characters of profound politicians.--Sir W. It is first agreed and settled among them. to restore new vigour to a crazy administration. to signify a privy council. because men are never so serious. the odour. effectual care is taken to secure all their letters and papers.3 by the natives called Langdon. evidences. which he found by frequent experiment. and good nature.--Sir W. as when they are at stool. thoughtful. swearers. upon which side they lay in bed. and giving security. informers. Scott. to fill their coffers with forfeitures. hope and expectation would be kept alive. and the pay of ministers of state. as either shall best answer their private advantage. in such conjunctures.” I told him. containing many observations. These papers are delivered to a set of artists. good sense. when he thought only of raising an insurrection. To keep senators in the interest of the crown. witnesses. if he pleased. But constancy. SiSU www. The whole discourse was written with great acuteness. take a strict view of their excrements. in that kingdom. and raise. none would complain of broken promises. his ordure would have a tincture of green. or sink the opinion of public 119 . whether he won or not. both curious and useful for politicians. the consistence. for. Thus. the losers had. prosecutors. but impute their disappointments wholly to fortune. syllables. accusers. after which. Scott. to stifle or divert general discontents.gutenberg.

an empty tun. Hawksworth (1766). a favourite. The names Tribnia and Langdon an not mentioned.5 “When this method fails. they can decipher all initial letters into political meanings. a prime minister. B. they have two others more effectual. or. a fleet at sea. I saw nothing in this country that could invite me to a longer continuance. So. Thus N. if I should say. The above paragraph in the original editions (1726) takes another form.gutenberg. a mouse-trap. shall signify a plot. a general. a court. a regiment of horse. First. the plague. 398 399 400 This is the revised text adopted by Dr. and began to think of returning home to England. may be analysed into the following words. for example.“ &c. the gout. a treasury. a high priest.Gulliver's Travels an invader. by transposing the letters of the alphabet in any suspected paper. they can lay open the deepest designs of a discontented 120 . a cap and bells. a sieve.' a skilful decipherer would discover. a revolution. a buzzard. that the same letters which compose that sentence.' And this is the anagrammatic method. L.”I told him that should I happen to live in a kingdom where lots were in vogue. a running sore. a broken reed.” The professor made me great acknowledgments for communicating these observations. a court of justice. secondly. an employment. a gibbet. in a letter to a friend. a standing army. the administration. a chamber pot. commencing:. and the ”close stool” and its signification do not occur. a plot is brought home--The tour. a secretary of state. a sink. a committee of grandees. a court lady. `Resist -. a broom. a bottomless pit. `Our brother Tom has just got the piles. and promised to make honourable mention of me in his treatise. 5 SiSU www. which the learned among them call acrostics and anagrams.

but no longer. When I arrived at the port of Maldonada (for so it is called) there was no ship in the harbour bound for Luggnagg. surrounded by a wall of hewn stone twenty feet high. This island of Luggnagg stands south-eastward of Japan. and made me a generous present at my departure. and much commerce with the great island of Luggnagg. and carry my small baggage. extends itself. It is about one third as large as the Isle of Wight. to show me the way. and the eldest in succession is prince or governor. He takes a short voyage to Glubbdubdrib. one of the gentlemen who accompanied me went to the governor.gutenberg. with a guide. and we all three entered the gate of the palace between two rows of guards. We 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 SiSU www.] The continent.” He offered himself and a friend to accompany me. I hired two mules. No ship ready. to the Pacific Ocean. The governor and his family are served and attended by domestics of a kind somewhat unusual. which is not above a hundred and fifty miles from Lagado. where there is a good port.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VII. “that since the ships bound for Luggnagg could not be ready in less than a month. There is a strict alliance between the Japanese emperor and the king of Luggnagg. who are all magicians. eastward. nor likely to be in some time. and north. about a hundred leagues distant. who came on purpose to have the honour of attending on his highness. which affords frequent opportunities of sailing from one island to the other. and extremely fruitful: it is governed by the head of a certain tribe. which was about eleven in the morning. This tribe marries only among each other. and a park of about three thousand acres. except upon very extraordinary occasions. [The author leaves Lagado: arrives at 121 . in order to my return to Europe. I determined therefore to direct my course this way. signifies the island of sorcerers or magicians. and desired admittance for a stranger. nor can he call the same persons up again in less than three months. When we arrived at the island. By his skill in necromancy he has a power of calling whom he pleases from the dead. This was immediately granted. who had shown me so much favour. The town is about as large as Portsmouth. My journey was without any accident or adventure worth relating. and 140 longitude. to that unknown tract of America westward of California. armed and dressed after a very antic manner. Glubbdubdrib. as I have reason to believe. He has a noble palace. I soon fell into some acquaintance. and was very hospitably received. and commanding their service for twenty-four hours. about five leagues off to the south-west. corn. of which this kingdom is apart. In this park are several small enclosures for cattle. it might be no disagreeable amusement for me to take a trip to the little island of Glubbdubdrib. A gentleman of distinction said to me. and with something in their countenances that made my flesh creep with a horror I cannot express. and gardening. and that I should be provided with a small convenient bark for the voyage. as nearly as I can interpret the word. His reception by the governor. situated to the north-west about 29 degrees north latitude. I took leave of my noble protector.

“that I should receive no hurt:” and observing my two companions to be under no concern. ranked on each side as before. till we came to the chamber of presence. and in whatever numbers. I stayed till sunset. 408 409 410 411 SiSU www. but died of a bad fever by excessive drinking. as he was pleased to command us. in his last great triumph. he dismissed all his attendants with a turn of his finger. I had the honour to dine with the governor. where. And because my first inclination was to be entertained with scenes of pomp and magnificence. till the governor assured me. like visions in a dream when we awake on a sudden. and a few general questions. I soon grew so familiarized to the sight of 122 . for lying was a talent of no use in the lower world. I saw the former. and command them to answer any questions I should think fit to ask. He desired me to give him some account of my travels. Alexander was called up into the room: it was with great difficulty that I understood his Greek. most part of every day with the governor. just after the battle of Arbela: which. and at night in our lodging. that after the third or fourth time they gave me no emotion at all: or. After this manner we continued in the island for ten days. I began to take courage. between servants of the same sort. who had been often entertained in the same manner. from whence there was a fair prospect into the park. just ready to engage. and the next morning we returned to pay our duty to the governor. and frequently looking behind me to the place where I had seen those domestic spectres. to let me see that I should be treated without ceremony. that they would certainly tell me the truth. and had but little of my own. where a new set of ghosts served up the meat.” Next. and. we were permitted to sit on three stools. near the lowest step of his highness's throne. upon a motion of the governor's finger. immediately appeared in a large field. if I had any apprehensions left. they vanished in an instant. that my questions must be confined within the compass of the times they lived in. my curiosity prevailed over them. He assured me upon his honour “that he was not poisoned. in one large chamber. My two friends and I lay at a private house in the town adjoining. For his highness the governor ordered me “to call up whatever persons I would choose to name. after three profound obeisances. I desired that the senate of Rome might appear before me. I could not recover myself in some time. with this condition. to my great astonishment. under the window where we stood.” I saw Caesar and Pompey at the head of their troops. And one thing I might depend upon. yet not without some hesitation. which is the capital of this little island. but humbly desired his highness to excuse me for not accepting his invitation of lodging in the palace. We were in a chamber.gutenberg.” I made my humble acknowledgments to his highness for so great a favour. and related to his highness a short history of my several adventures. and waited at table.Gulliver's Travels passed through several apartments. I saw Hannibal passing the Alps. among all the dead from the beginning of the world to the present time. I now observed myself to be less terrified than I had been in the morning. who told me “he had not a drop of vinegar in his camp. at which. although it was different from that of this island. He understood the language of Balnibarbi. and an assembly of somewhat a later age in counterview. I desired to see Alexander the Great at the head of his army.

and the restorers of liberty to oppressed and injured nations. by many degrees. in every lineament of his countenance. But it is impossible to express the satisfaction I received in my own mind. and himself were perpetually together:” a sextumvirate. and bullies. to the glory of taking it away. “that his ancestor Junius. after such a manner as to make it a suitable entertainment to the reader. highwayman. and could easily discover the most consummate virtue. and was told. with much pleasure. a knot of pedlars. “that the greatest actions of his own life were not equal. at my request. the other. The first seemed to be an assembly of heroes and demigods. the truest love of his country. Sir Thomas More. I observed. 412 413 SiSU www. the greatest intrepidity and firmness of mind. I was struck with a profound veneration at the sight of Brutus.Gulliver's Travels in another. pick-pockets. Cato the younger.gutenberg. and Caesar freely confessed to me. It would be tedious to trouble the reader with relating what vast numbers of illustrious persons were called up to gratify that insatiable desire I had to see the world in every period of antiquity placed before 123 . to which all the ages of the world cannot add a seventh. Socrates. Epaminondas. that these two persons were in good intelligence with each other. I chiefly fed mine eyes with beholding the destroyers of tyrants and usurpers. and general benevolence for mankind. The governor. gave the sign for Caesar and Brutus to advance towards us.” I had the honour to have much conversation with Brutus.

but they could not show us much of their skill. through a consciousness of shame and guilt. [A further account of Glubbdubdrib. His visage was meagre. He said. not only from the crowd. would flourish but a short period of time. because he proceeded in many things upon conjecture. but I was not able to get down a second spoonful. I knew. in the lower world. who conducted me to the island. I soon discovered that both of them were perfect strangers to the rest of the company. walked very erect for one of his age. were pressed by their private affairs to return in three 124 . and I had a whisper from a ghost who shall be nameless. and made use of a staff. who had made the doctrine of Epicurus as palatable as he could. because they had so horribly misrepresented the meaning of those authors to posterity.gutenberg. For. as all men must do. A helot of Agesilaus made us a dish of Spartan broth. I saw most of the first Roman emperors. but from each other. and his voice hollow.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VIII.] Having a desire to see those ancients who were most renowned for wit and learning. his hair lank and thin. instead of a long train with royal diadems. I set apart one day on purpose. who had made the greatest figure. in our own and other countries of Europe. which I employed in seeing some of the modern dead. and outward rooms of the palace. at first sight. as I presented them to him. but these were so numerous. were equally to be exploded. for want of materials. and he found that Gassendi. This great philosopher freely acknowledged his own mistakes in natural philosophy. whereof the present learned are such zealous asserters. which would vary in every age. Aristotle stooped much. for he soon found they wanted a genius to enter into the spirit of a poet. with their ancestors in order for eight or nine generations. I saw in one family two 414 415 416 417 418 419 SiSU www. But Aristotle was out of all patience with the account I gave him of Scotus and Ramus. with whom I prevailed to explain their systems to Aristotle. I proposed that Homer and Aristotle might appear at the head of all their commentators. that some hundreds were forced to attend in the court. who pretend to demonstrate them from mathematical principles. and prevailed on him to treat them better than perhaps they deserved.” I spent five days in conversing with many others of the ancient learned.” I introduced Didymus and Eustathius to Homer. and the vortices of Descartes. “that new systems of nature were but new fashions. The two gentlemen. and had never seen or heard of them before. “whether the rest of the tribe were as great dunces as themselves?” I then desired the governor to call up Descartes and Gassendi. I desired the governor would call up a dozen or two of kings. and he asked them. “that these commentators always kept in the most distant quarters from their principals. and having been always a great admirer of old illustrious families. Ancient and modern history corrected. and could distinguish those two heroes. I prevailed on the governor to call up Heliogabalus's cooks to dress us a dinner. But my disappointment was grievous and unexpected. and be out of vogue when that was determined. and his eyes were the most quick and piercing I ever beheld. and even those. Homer was the taller and comelier person of the two. He predicted the same fate to ATTRACTION. for two or three hundred years past.

to sodomites. when I saw such an interruption of lineages. or secret history. Roman virtue. with great strength of reason. gamesters. valets. by which certain families are distinguished. why a third happened to be crack-brained. and the malice of factions: how many villains had been exalted to the highest places of trust. unlock the thoughts and cabinets of ambassadors and secretaries of state.” I had the curiosity to inquire in a particular manner. dukes.Gulliver's Travels fiddlers. which virtue infused into a man. confident. sincerity. grew to be characteristics by which certain families are distinguished as much as by their coats of arms. to informers: how many innocent and excellent persons had been condemned to death or banishment by the practising of great ministers upon the corruption of judges. to fools.” Three kings protested to me. coachmen. players. by what methods great numbers had 420 421 422 SiSU www. and fools for two more. restiff temper. whence it came. to cowards. fiddlers. And I confess. councils. and have the perpetual misfortune to be mistaken. Nec vir fortis. Neither could I wonder at all this. and the like. to atheists.gutenberg. neither would they do it if they were to live again:” and they showed. I have too great a veneration for crowned heads. why a second has abounded with knaves for two generations. and cowardice. “that. piety. marquises. I was not so scrupulous. In another. I found how the world had been misled by prostitute writers. and buffoons. “that the royal throne could not be supported without corruption. But as to counts. I could plainly discover whence one family derives a long chin. in my presence. parasites. who first brought the pox into a noble house. and an Italian prelate. I was chiefly disgusted with modern history. three spruce courtiers. when I was truly informed of the springs and motives of great enterprises and revolutions in the world. the back-stairs a council. was a perpetual clog to public business. and pickpockets. he beat the enemy.” and an admiral. chastity. to dwell any longer on so nice a subject. or treachery of some minister in whom they confided. which has lineally descended scrofulous tumours to their posterity. will repeat the discourse between a prince and chief minister. unless by mistake. who send so many kings to their graves with a cup of poison. how a whore can govern the back-stairs. to betrayers of their country. to flatterers. it was not without some pleasure. an abbot. and profit: how great a share in the motions and events of courts. For having strictly examined all the persons of greatest name in the courts of princes. and senates might be challenged by bawds. A general confessed. what Polydore Virgil says of a certain great house. whores. Here I discovered the roguery and ignorance of those who pretend to write anecdotes. “that in their whole reigns they never did once prefer any person of merit. “that he got a victory purely by the force of cowardice and ill conduct. for want of proper intelligence. and two cardinals. lackeys. dignity. power. and a fourth to be sharpers. falsehood. pimps. How low an opinion I had of human wisdom and integrity. captains. earls. because that positive. and of the contemptible accidents to which they owed their success. that I found myself able to trace the particular features. by pages. a barber. how cruelty. to ascribe the greatest exploits in war. to whom he intended to betray the fleet. for a hundred years 125 . where no witness was by. up to their originals. and the council a senate. truth. the wisest counsel. Here I discovered the true causes of many great events that have surprised the world. nec foemina casta.

and in the sea fight at Actium had the good fortune to break through the enemy's great line of battle. and the ship given to a favourite page of Publicola.Gulliver's Travels procured to themselves high titles of honour. it was given to a boy who had never seen the sea. “he had for many years been commander of a ship. if these discoveries inclined me a little to abate of that profound veneration. others. which I am naturally apt to pay to persons of high rank. He appeared. more to the perverting of justice. which was the sole cause of Antony's flight. and for these I gave.gutenberg.” Among others. subornation. pandarism. without grating upon present times. who waited on one of the emperor's mistresses. the son of Libertina. whose modesty had extenuated or concealed a great part of his merit. and take a fourth. I hope I may be pardoned. upon a very slight 126 . I had never once heard of them. to the prostituting of their own wives and daughters. as it was reasonable. to poisoning. discovered such a scene of infamy. but. most of them telling me. and where the whole praise. he went to Rome. Perjury. the war being at an end. or incest. has been engrossed by the chief commander. and confirmed the whole account: but with much more advantage to the captain. whom history has represented as the vilest of rogues and traitors. as well as pillage. by us their inferiors. which made me less wonder at many parallel cases in other countries. that I do not in the least intend my own country. and prodigious estates. in order to destroy the innocent. to the betraying of their country or their prince. that the youth standing by him. without any regard to his pretensions. whereupon he retired to a poor farm at a great distance from Rome. were among the most excusable arts they had to mention.” As to the rest. whose commander had been killed. who ought to be treated with the utmost respect due to their sublime dignity. by the force of luxury so lately introduced. and in the meanest habit. “that their names were to be found on no record. and I confined my inquiry to a very modern period: however. was killed in the action. “that upon the confidence of some merit. I had often read of some great services done to princes and states. in what I say upon this occasion.” He added. He had a youth about eighteen years old standing by his side. Upon inquiry I was told.” I was so curious to know the truth of this story. because I would be sure to give no offence even to foreigners (for I hope the reader need not be told. Returning back to his own vessel. sink three of their capital ships. and there ended his life. But when some confessed they owed their greatness and wealth to sodomy. there was one person. and the rest on a scaffold or a gibbet. except a few of them. who was admiral in that fight. his only son. where vices of all kinds have reigned so much longer. great allowance. and. that I desired Agrippa might be called. “they died in poverty and disgrace. and of the victory that ensued. that I cannot reflect upon it without some seriousness. He told me. They all appeared with dejected looks. I was surprised to find corruption grown so high and so quick in that empire. and the like infirmities. whose case appeared a little singular. the vice-admiral. and solicited at the court of Augustus to be preferred to a greater ship.) a great number of persons concerned were called up. oppression. he was charged with neglect of duty. others. who 423 424 425 SiSU www. some. fraud. and desired to see the persons by whom those services were performed.

shortened the size of bodies.gutenberg. it gave me melancholy reflections to observe how much the race of human kind was degenerated among us within these hundred years past. 426 427 SiSU www. under all its consequences and denominations had altered every lineament of an English countenance. and love of their country. Neither could I be wholly unmoved. for their valour. for their true spirit of liberty. when I considered how all these pure native virtues were prostituted for a piece of money by their grand-children. and rendered the flesh loose and rancid. who. As every person called up made exactly the same appearance he had done in the world. and 127 . how the pox. for justice in their dealings. as to desire some English yeoman of the old stamp might be summoned to appear. unbraced the nerves.Gulliver's Travels perhaps had the least title to either. introduced a sallow complexion. in selling their votes and managing at elections. relaxed the sinews and muscles. I descended so low. after comparing the living with the dead. diet. have acquired every vice and corruption that can possibly be learned in a court. once so famous for the simplicity of their manners.

and cast on a rock. and made my story as plausible and consistent as I could. after a fortnight's waiting. but this consisted only of their questions. “I must be confined till he could receive orders from court. I was invited by several persons. By his assistance. Two of them came on board in less than half an hour. I was received up into Laputa. a ship was ready to sail for Luggnagg. I was able to hold a conversation with those who came to visit me. where. we sailed into the river of Clumegnig. All my retinue was that poor 428 429 430 431 432 433 SiSU www. were so generous and kind as to furnish me with provisions. which. and returned with my two companions to Maldonada. where a fleet may ride in safety within a cable's length of the town-wall. and see me on board. Sails to the kingdom of Luggnagg. The author confined. which is a seaport town. especially by seamen and those employed in the customs. I gave him a short account of some particulars. and great traveller. and were under a necessity of steering westward to get into the trade wind. by whom I was examined very strictly upon my landing. I took leave of his highness. by a party of ten horse.” The officer said. “that having been shipwrecked on the coast of Balnibarbi. This officer spoke to me in the language of Balnibarbi. being maintained all the time at the king's charge. but I thought it necessary to disguise my country. to be an interpreter. and made a signal for a pilot. he was a native of Luggnagg. at the south-east point of Luggnagg. The two gentlemen. He is sent for to court. by the force of much commerce. and was a perfect master of both languages. 1708. I therefore told the officer. which holds for above sixty leagues. or the flying island (of which he had often heard). Some of our sailors. is generally understood in that town. and was treated with humanity enough. chiefly out of curiosity. because my intentions were for Japan. of which they had never heard. It contained a warrant for conducting me and my retinue to Traldragdubh. [The author returns to Maldonada. and hoped to receive an answer in a fortnight. We had one violent storm. We cast anchor within a league of the town. or Trildrogdrib (for it is pronounced both ways as near as I can remember).Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER IX. had informed the pilots “that I was a stranger. and I knew the Dutch were the only Europeans permitted to enter into that kingdom. I had the liberty of a large garden. The manner of his admittance. by whom we were guided between certain shoals and rocks. and my 128 . The king's great lenity to his subjects. whence I might find a convenience of returning to my own country. whether out of treachery or inadvertence. and call myself a Hollander.] The day of our departure being come. for which he would write immediately. and some others. but had lived some years at Maldonada.” whereof these gave notice to a custom-house officer. to a large basin. On the 21st of April. I hired a young man. I was a month in this voyage. and was now endeavouring to get to Japan. which are very dangerous in the passage. The despatch came from court about the time we expected. who came in the same ship. because it was reported that I came from countries very remote. the Governor of Glubbdubdrib.gutenberg. however.” I was carried to a convenient lodging with a sentry placed at the door.

“My tongue is in the mouth of my friend. but maliciously had omitted it. To return from this digression. he commands the floor to be strewed with a certain brown powder of a deadly composition. at my humble request. who receive an audience to spit or wipe their mouths in his majesty's presence. whom I persuaded into my service. that when he had crept to the proper distance from the throne. by which neglect a young lord of great hopes. because it is capital for those. although the king at that time had no design against his life. and my interpreter delivered my meaning in that of Luggnagg. and I have seen a great lord with his mouth so crammed. Inckpling gloffthrobb squut serummblhiop mlashnalt zwin tnodbalkuffh slhiophad gurdlubh asht. coming to an audience. which. I raised myself gently upon my knees. This is the compliment. and lick the floor as I advanced. on account of my being a stranger. Nay. that one of his pages should be whipped. which I cannot altogether approve of: when the king has a mind to put any of his nobles to death in a gentle indulgent manner. upon promise that he would do so no more. and. The king was much delighted with my company. A messenger was despatched half a day's journey before us. when the person to be admitted happens to have powerful enemies at court.Gulliver's Travels lad for an interpreter. But this good prince was so gracious as to forgive the poor page his whipping. it must be mentioned for his honour. but.” This is the court 129 . by whose intervention I answered as many questions as his majesty could put in above an hour. eleven moons and a half!” To this the king returned some answer. whereupon the young man already mentioned was accordingly introduced. It may be rendered into English thus: “May your celestial majesty outlive the sun. and then striking my forehead seven times against the ground. There is indeed another custom. this was a peculiar grace. I pronounced the following words. care was taken to have it made so clean. if his domestics neglect. “that his majesty would please to appoint a day and hour. that I desired leave to bring my interpreter. yet I replied as I had been directed: Fluft drin yalerick dwuldom prastrad mirpush. without special orders. When I had crept within four yards of the throne. not allowed to any but persons of the highest rank. which being licked up. I was commanded to crawl upon my belly. and ordered his bliffmarklub.” and by this expression was meant. and the care he has of his subjects' lives (wherein it were much to be wished that the Monarchs of Europe would imitate him). and I found it to be more than matter of form: for. they are in danger of incurring his royal displeasure. for all persons admitted to the king's presence. However. But in justice to this prince's great clemency. Neither is there any remedy. which. to give the king notice of my approach. although I could not understand. which properly signifies. we had each of us a mule to ride on. sometimes the floor is strewed with dust on purpose. I myself heard him give directions. when they desire an admittance. as they had been taught me the night before. that the dust was not offensive. whose turn it was to give notice about washing the floor after an execution. he was not able to speak a word. I spoke in the Balnibarbian tongue. and to desire. when it would by his gracious pleasure that I might have the honour to lick the dust before his footstool. or high434 435 SiSU www. upon my admittance two days after my arrival. established by the laws of the land.gutenberg. that strict orders are given to have the infected parts of the floor well washed after every such execution. infallibly kills him in twenty-four hours. was unfortunately poisoned.

net 130 .gutenberg.Gulliver's Travels chamberlain. who was pleased highly to favour me. and a large purse of gold for my common expenses. to appoint a lodging in the court for me and my interpreter. with a daily allowance for my table. and made me very honourable offers. But I thought it more consistent with prudence and justice to pass the remainder of my days with my wife and family. out of perfect obedience to his majesty. I staid three months in this country. 436 SiSU www.

which I spoke very well.” He said. Yet perhaps the virtue of those reverend sages was too strict for the corrupt and libertine manners of a court: and we often find by experience. are those excellent struldbrugs. but in the course of time grew larger. since the king was pleased to allow me access to his royal person.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER X. then turned to a deep blue: at five and forty it grew coal black.” I freely own myself to have been struck with inexpressible delight. should not provide himself with a good number of such wise and able counsellors. upon the very first occasion. applied to a mortal creature. and the children of the struldbrugs themselves were equally mortal with the rest of the people. and although they are not without some share of that pride which is peculiar to all Eastern countries.” and desired he would explain to me “what he meant by such an appellation. a most judicious prince. so continued till five and twenty. without the weight and depression of spirits caused by the continual apprehensions of death!” I discovered my admiration that I had not observed any of these illustrious persons at court. with a red circular spot in the forehead. have their minds free and disengaged. perhaps a little too extravagant. who enjoy so many living examples of ancient virtue. “was about the compass of a silver threepence. a child happened to be born in a family. as he described it. and changed its colour. I had many acquaintance. I was asked by a person of quality. in the whole kingdom. and have masters ready to instruct them in the wisdom of all former ages! but happiest. though very rarely. and as large as an English shilling. and being always attended by my interpreter. as in a rapture. especially such who are countenanced by the court. or immortals?” I said. of which he computed about fifty in the metropolis. yet they show themselves courteous to 131 . I could not forbear breaking out into expressions. who. but a mere effect of chance. [The Luggnaggians commended. and 437 438 439 440 441 SiSU www. for at twelve years old it became green. “whether I had seen any of their struldbrugs.] The Luggnaggians are a polite and generous people. the black spot on the forehead being so remarkable a distinction. among the rest. where every child hath at least a chance for being immortal! Happy people. of both sexes. being born exempt from that universal calamity of human nature. “these births were so rare. about three years ago: that these productions were not peculiar to any family.” He told me “that sometimes. with many conversations between the author and some eminent persons upon that subject. that young men are too opinionated and volatile to be guided by the sober dictates of their seniors. and. “I had not. I cried out.” The spot. to deliver my opinion to him on this matter freely and at large. that I could not have easily overlooked it: and it was impossible that his majesty. upon hearing this account: and the person who gave it me happening to understand the Balnibarbian language. in much good company. “Happy nation. One day. that he did not believe there could be above eleven hundred struldbrugs. beyond all comparison. However.gutenberg. A particular description of the Struldbrugs. but never admitted any further alteration. by the help of my interpreter. a young girl born. which was an infallible mark that it should never die. and among persons of the best fashion. the conversation we had was not disagreeable. directly over the left eyebrow. I was resolved.

I might reasonably expect. I would provide them with convenient lodges round my own estate. from my own remembrance. I would first resolve. from my earliest youth. language. what impression my discourse had made on them. apply myself to the study of arts and sciences. or a great lord: and upon this very case. to be the wealthiest man in the kingdom. and pass the time.” The gentleman to whom I addressed my discourse. whatsoever. diet. down to my own contemporaries. if I were a king. by convincing them. accept the favour. a general. I would entertain myself in forming and directing the minds of hopeful young men. impartially draw the characters of the several successions of princes and great ministers of state. yet in one thing I was determined. yet still on the saving side. and observation. among whom.” He did so. “that he was glad of any occasion to keep me among them. if they would please to admit me. By all which acquirements.Gulliver's Travels whether he would please to take my advice or not. After a short silence. if it had fallen to my lot to have been born a struldbrug. In the pursuit of which. whom length of time would harden me 442 443 444 445 SiSU www. I would elect a dozen from the most ancient. if I were sure to live for ever. “that his friends and mine (so he thought fit to express himself) were very much pleased with the judicious remarks I had made on the great happiness and advantages of immortal life. But my choice and constant companions should be a set of my own immortal brotherhood. by thrift and management. neither could I observe by their countenances. and desired my permission to explain to the company what I had spoke.gutenberg. what scheme of living I should have formed to myself. Lastly. I would. with a sort of a smile which usually arises from pity to the ignorant. if it had been my good fortune to come into the world a struldbrug. In the second place. by all arts and methods. “That. that his majesty having frequently offered me an establishment in this country. only mingling a few of the most valuable among you mortals. by which I should arrive in time to excel all others in learning.” I answered. fortified by numerous examples. with my own observations on every point. I would carefully record every action and event of consequence. with great thankfulness. as soon as I could discover my own happiness. by understanding the difference between life and death. of the usefulness of virtue in public and private life. but live in a hospitable manner. Where any of these wanted fortunes. especially to me. “it was easy to be eloquent on so copious and delightful a 132 . said to me. to procure myself riches. the same person told me. and diversions. and have some of them always at my table. because (as I have already observed) he spoke the language of Balnibarbi. that happened in the public. “I would never marry after threescore. in about two hundred years. I should be a living treasure of knowledge and wisdom. fashions of dress. who had been often apt to amuse myself with visions of what I should do. and certainly become the oracle of the nation. I had frequently run over the whole system how I should employ myself. and they were desirous to know. I would exactly set down the several changes in customs. and pass my life here in the conversation of those superior beings the struldbrugs. whereof I understood not a syllable. experience. in a particular manner. I would. and they talked together for some time in their own language.

which I had fallen into through the common imbecility of human nature. That the question therefore was not. for there were no such people either in Balnibarbi or Japan. not without some laughter at my expense. That in the two kingdoms above mentioned. “Add to this. during his residence. “That the system of living contrived by me. remark the several gradations by which corruption steals into the world.Gulliver's Travels to lose with little or no reluctance. from which nature always prompted him to retreat. I should then see the discovery of the longitude. would probably prevent that continual degeneracy of human nature so justly complained of in all ages. he had conversed very much. where. that I received it as a thing wholly new. and sublunary happiness. and stars!” I enlarged upon many other topics. the pleasure of seeing the various revolutions of states and empires. and overwhelming another. he observed long life to be the universal desire and wish of mankind. without regretting the loss of those which withered the preceding year. the universal medicine. which the natural desire of endless life. and many other great inventions. and obscure villages become the seats of kings. could easily furnish me with. and scarcely to be credited. there was a good deal of talk among them in the language of the country. brought to the utmost 133 . That the oldest had still hopes of living one day longer. and upon that allowance was less answerable for them. through the course of time. from the continual example of the struldbrugs before their eyes. moon. famous rivers lessening into shallow brooks. health. “he was desired by the rest to set me right in a few mistakes. the changes in the lower and upper world. barbarity overrunning the politest nations. by giving perpetual warning and instruction to mankind. by observing the progress and return of comets. because it supposed a perpetuity of youth. That whoever had one foot in the grave was sure to hold back the other as strongly as he could. just as a man diverts himself with the annual succession of pinks and tulips in his garden. however extravagant he may be in his wishes. which no man could be so foolish to hope. and treat your posterity after the same manner.gutenberg. the ocean leaving one coast dry. whether a man would choose to be always in the prime of youth. as before. with the changes of motion in the sun. “What wonderful discoveries should we make in astronomy. said. Only in this island of Luggnagg the appetite for living was not so eager. which. where he had the honour to be ambassador from his majesty. When I had ended. At last. the same gentleman who had been my interpreter. and found the natives in both those kingdoms very hard to believe that the fact was possible: and it appeared from my astonishment when he first mentioned the matter to me. and vigour. was unreasonable and unjust. by outliving and confirming our own predictions. and oppose it in every step. to the rest of the company. the perpetual motion. and looked on death as the greatest evil. and the sum of my discourse had been interpreted. “These struldbrugs and I would mutually communicate our observations and memorials. attended 446 447 448 449 450 SiSU www. That this breed of struldbrugs was peculiar to their country. and the most barbarous become civilized. added to the strong influence of our own example. ancient cities in ruins. the discovery of many countries yet unknown.

upon such hard conditions. and dead to all natural affection. not even for the decision of meers and bounds. They have no remembrance of anything but what they learned and observed in their youth and middle-age. and entirely lose their memories. that those who are condemned. and whenever they see a funeral. neither are they allowed to be witnesses in any cause. but how he would pass a perpetual life under all the usual disadvantages which old age brings along with it. peevish. to a perpetual continuance in the world. they have at that age no distinction of taste. and even that is very imperfect. they grew melancholy and dejected.Gulliver's Travels with prosperity and health. they are held incapable of any employment of trust or profit. The least miserable among them appear to be those who turn to dotage. talkative. they cannot purchase lands. as soon as the younger of the two comes to be fourscore. they were too few to form a general observation by. of Balnibarbi and Japan. But those objects against which their envy seems principally directed. there not being above two or three of that species born in an age. I had not observed the same general disposition. yet in the two kingdoms before mentioned. but eat and drink whatever they can get. they lose their teeth and hair. should not have their misery doubled by the load of a wife. they had not only all the follies and infirmities of other old men. They were not only opinionative. are the vices of the younger sort and the deaths of the old. After that period. he observed that every man desired to put off death some time longer. “At ninety. but incapable of friendship. as well as my own. the marriage is dissolved of course. than upon their best recollections. only a small pittance is reserved for their 134 . it is safer to depend on common tradition. except he were incited by the extremity of grief or torture. When they came to fourscore years. they forget the 451 452 453 454 SiSU www. vain. and the poor ones are maintained at the public charge. and for the truth or particulars of any fact. by the courtesy of the kingdom. This he learned from their own confession: for otherwise. without increasing or diminishing. “If a struldbrug happen to marry one of his own kind. after which. or take leases. without any fault of their own.gutenberg. which is reckoned the extremity of living in this country. for the law thinks it a reasonable indulgence. they are looked on as dead in law. morose. either civil or criminal. By reflecting on the former. In talking. Envy and impotent desires are their prevailing passions. And he appealed to me. without relish or appetite. which never descended below their grandchildren. he gave me a particular account of the struldbrugs among them. “As soon as they have completed the term of eighty years. these meet with more pity and assistance.” After this preface. For although few men will avow their desires of being immortal. they find themselves cut off from all possibility of pleasure. The diseases they were subject to still continue. He said. whether in those countries I had travelled. covetous. increasing in both till they came to fourscore. their heirs immediately succeed to their estates. they lament and repine that others have gone to a harbour of rest to which they themselves never can hope to arrive. “they commonly acted like mortals till about thirty years old. but many more which arose from the dreadful prospect of never dying. let it approach ever so late: and he rarely heard of any man who died willingly. because they want many bad qualities which abound in others. by degrees.

after two hundred years. from such a life. and among half a dozen. which is not to be described. although there was not above a century or two between them. and the women more horrible than the men. neither are they able. But the usual way of computing how old they are. they are deprived of the only entertainment whereof they might otherwise be capable. and had seen all the world. that the laws of this kingdom relative to the struldbrugs were founded upon the strongest reasons. The king heard of all that had passed between me and my friends upon this occasion. it seems. and the names of persons. and thought no tyrant could invent a death into which I would not run with pleasure. The reader will easily believe. I could not but agree.” or a token of remembrance. who were brought to me at several times by some of my friends.gutenberg. Besides the usual deformities in extreme old age. and rallied me very pleasantly. wishing I could send a couple of struldbrugs to my own country. I afterwards saw five or six of different ages. I soon distinguished which was the eldest. which is a modest way of begging. because they are provided for by the public. They were the most mortifying sight I ever beheld. the youngest not above two hundred years old. those immortals would in time become proprietors of the whole 455 456 457 458 459 460 SiSU www. Otherwise. “that I was a great traveller. When one of them is born. and by this defect. that strictly forbids it. The language of this country being always upon the flux. to hold any conversation (farther than by a few general words) with their neighbours the mortals. they acquired an additional ghastliness. and their birth is recorded very particularly so that you may know their age by consulting the register. or else I should have been well content with the trouble and expense of transporting them. For the same reason. in proportion to their number of years.Gulliver's Travels common appellation of things. even of those who are their nearest friends and relations. I grew heartily ashamed of the pleasing visions I had formed. They are despised and hated by all sorts of 135 . to arm our people against the fear of death. has not been kept above a thousand years past. or at least has been destroyed by time or public disturbances. only desired “I would give them slumskudask. to avoid the law. for infallibly the last prince in their mind did not begin his reign after they were fourscore years old. they never can amuse themselves with reading.” This was the account given me of the struldbrugs.” they had not the least curiosity to ask me a question. is forbidden by the fundamental laws of the kingdom. and such as any other country would be under the necessity of enacting. that from what I had hear and seen. and thus they lie under the disadvantage of living like foreigners in their own country. is by asking them what kings or great persons they can remember. as near as I can remember. but this. it is reckoned ominous. although indeed with a very scanty allowance. in the like circumstances. the struldbrugs of one age do not understand those of another. however. because their memory will not serve to carry them from the beginning of a sentence to the end. as avarice is the necessary consequence of old age. my keen appetite for perpetuity of life was much abated. but although they were told. and then consulting history. which.

for want of abilities to manage. SiSU www. and engross the civil power.gutenberg. must end in the ruin of the public.Gulliver's Travels nation. 136 .

upon this notice. On the 6th of May. upon the north-west part of which. The impression was. [The author leaves Luggnagg. it should be granted. He likewise presented me with four hundred and forty-four large pieces of gold (this nation delighting in even numbers). and all my friends. and with some of these I hoped to get an opportunity of returning into 461 462 463 464 465 466 SiSU www. without deserving the censure of having borrowed or transcribed from those who wrote before them. was pleased to give me his license to depart. the metropolis. very often to agree in dwelling on the same particulars. and I was so entirely a stranger to the language. that it is necessary for travellers who describe the same country. They knew the seal perfectly well. whence I had travelled by sea and land to Luggnagg. received me as a public minister. From thence he returns in a Dutch ship to Amsterdam.] I thought this account of the struldbrugs might be some entertainment to the reader. by his majesty's order. and spent fifteen days in the voyage. He soon conjectured. and. because it seems to be a little out of the common way. the town lies on the western point. I answered.west part of the island. it was as broad as the palm of my hand. situated on the south-east part of Japan. They provided me with carriages and servants. The magistrates of the town. under his own hand. But I hope the Dutch. where I knew my countrymen often traded. There is indeed a perpetual commerce between this kingdom and the great empire of Japan. and it is very probable. but my stay in Japan was so short. stands. hearing of my letter. whatever it were. my excuse must be. and delivered my letter. by my countenance. and explained to the Emperor by an interpreter. and honoured me with a letter of recommendation. that I was a European. which I sold in England for eleven hundred pounds. In six days I found a vessel ready to carry me to Japan. At landing. I showed the custom-house officers my letter from the king of Luggnagg to his imperial majesty. which he spoke perfectly well. at least I do not remember to have met the like in any book of travels that has come to my hands: and if I am deceived. that I was not qualified to make any inquiries. which was opened with great ceremony. and therefore repeated his majesty's commands in Low Dutch. shipwrecked in a very remote country. where there is a narrow strait leading northward into along arm of the sea. and from Amsterdam to England. to the Emperor of Japan. We landed at a small port-town called Xamoschi.gutenberg. and then took shipping for Japan. that the Japanese authors may have given some account of the struldbrugs. where I was admitted to an audience. Yedo. 1709. for the sake of his royal brother of Luggnagg.” This interpreter was a person employed to transact affairs with the Hollanders.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER XI. who then gave me notice. “that I should signify my request. and finding me absolutely determined to return to my native country. will be curious and able enough to supply my defects. I took a solemn leave of his majesty. and bore my charges to Yedo. and a red diamond. and sails to Japan. This prince was so gracious as to order a guard to conduct me to Glanguenstald. His majesty having often pressed me to accept some employment in his court. “that I was a Dutch merchant. as I had before determined. A KING LIFTING UP A LAME BEGGAR FROM THE EARTH. which is a royal port to the 137 .

but the affair must be managed with dexterity. For he assured me. he seemed a little surprised. of Amsterdam. after an absence of five years and six months complete. On the 9th day of June. However. We sailed with a fair wind to the Cape of Good Hope. and some troops being at that time on their march to Nangasac. having lost only three men by sickness in the voyage. On the 16th of April we put in at the Downs.gutenberg. I landed next morning. and his officers should be commanded to let me pass. gave the rascal twenty strokes on the shoulders with a bamboo. The seamen soon knew whence I came last: they were curious to inquire into my voyages and course of life. of trampling upon the crucifix: because I had been thrown into his kingdom by my misfortunes. I had lived long in Holland. who had received instructions to let me pass. we arrived safe at Amsterdam. told him. and said. From Amsterdam I soon after set sail for England. I would have given the captain (one Theodorus Vangrult) what he pleased to ask for my voyage to Holland. whom I pretended to be obscure people in the province of Gelderland. I arrived at Nangasac. pursuing my studies at Leyden. and a fourth. and that he began to 138 . as it were by forgetfulness. I was able to invent names for my parents. after which I was no more troubled with such questions. in a small vessel belonging to that city. he was contented to take half the usual rate.” However. 1710.Gulliver's Travels Europe: I therefore most humbly entreated his royal favour. and pointing to me. I soon fell into the company of some Dutch sailors belonging to the Amboyna. but chiefly to gratify the king of Luggnagg by an uncommon mark of his favour. but rather suspected I must be a Christian. they would cut my throat in the voyage. and saw once more my native country. I went straight to Redriff. Before we took shipping. whether I had performed the ceremony above mentioned? I evaded the question by general answers. for so unusual a favour. but understanding I was a surgeon. the commanding officer had orders to convey me safe thither. without any intention of trading. On the 10th of April. to give order that I should be conducted in safety to Nangasac. I knew many persons in Holland. “that I had satisfied the Emperor and court in all particulars. where we staid only to take in fresh water. where I arrived the same day at two in the afternoon. “I had not yet trampled on the crucifix. he would comply with the singularity of my humour. 1709. I made up a story as short and probable as I could. I was often asked by some of the crew. but concealed the greatest part. or not. a stout ship of 450 tons.” When this latter petition was interpreted to the Emperor. who fell from the foremast into the sea. on condition that I would serve him in the way of my calling. after a very long and troublesome journey. that if the secret should be discovered by my countrymen the Dutch. “he believed I was the first of my countrymen who ever made any scruple in this point. for the reasons I had offered. his majesty would condescend to excuse my performing the ceremony imposed on my countrymen. a malicious rogue of a skipper went to an officer. not far from the coast of Guinea. “that for the sake of my patron the king of Luggnagg.” To this I added another petition. with particular instructions about the business of the crucifix. by the interpreter. and I spoke Dutch well. Nothing happened worth mentioning in this voyage.” but the other. whether I was a real Hollander. and found my 467 468 469 SiSU www.” I returned my thanks.

470 SiSU www.A VOYAGE TO THE COUNTRY OF THE 139 . PART IV -.Gulliver's Travels wife and family in good health.gutenberg.

that I should trade with the Indians in the South-Sea. described. but a little too positive in his own opinions. and a good sailor. and would submit. He was an honest man. I heard since my return. The Yahoos. They sailed many weeks. and they all formed a conspiracy to seize the ship. several among them having died since my confinement. and they were so civil 471 472 473 474 475 SiSU www. which I had soon too much cause to repent: for I found afterwards. whom I had picked up.] I continued at home with my wife and children about five months. plunder the Spaniards. and placed a sentry at my door with his piece charged. I took a skilful young man of that calling.” This they made me swear to do.” I expostulated with him.gutenberg. but I knew not what course they took. I could exercise upon occasion. But first they resolved to sell the goods the ship. so that I was forced to get recruits out of Barbadoes and the Leeward Islands. which. and then they unbound me. one Robert Purefoy. as it has been with several others. which was the cause of his destruction. which they did one morning. as they often threatened me. On the 16th. “I was their prisoner. We set sail from Portsmouth upon the 7th day of September. who was commanded to shoot me dead if I attempted my liberty. which were as good as new. and said. at Teneriffe. that his ship foundered. letting me put on my best suit of clothes. he was parted from us by a storm. confine him a long time to his cabin. and being grown weary of a surgeon's employment at sea. only fastening one of my legs with a chain. which they could not do till they got more men. except my hanger. Their design was to turn pirates and. he might have been safe at home with his family at this time. debauched my other men. near my bed. neither would he so much as tell me who their new captain was. a strange sort of animal. and traded with the Indians. one James Welch came down to my cabin. The author meets two Houyhnhnms. if I could have learned the lesson of knowing when I was well.boat. and binding me hand and foot. threatening to throw me overboard. by the direction of the merchants who employed me. and none escaped but one cabin boy. I told them. and then go to Madagascar for recruits. where I touched. and my orders were. and expecting nothing less than to be murdered. who was going to the bay of Campechy to cut logwood. for if he had followed my advice. rushing into my cabin. but in vain. into my ship. in a very happy condition.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER I. and set him on shore in an unknown land. I had fifty hands onboard. [The author sets out as captain of a ship. and take a small bundle of 140 . being kept a close prisoner in my cabin. I left my poor wife big with child. however. 1711. and make what discoveries I could. and accepted an advantageous offer made me to be captain of the Adventurer. of Bristol. “he had orders from the captain to set me ashore. He travels up into the country. if I offered to stir. as well as myself. His men conspire against him. I had several men who died in my ship of calentures. These rogues. that most of them had been buccaneers. and took the government of the ship to themselves. 1710. They forced me into the long. Upon the 9th day of May. and secure me. but no arms. They sent me own victuals and drink. on the 14th we met with Captain Pocock. a stout merchantman of 350 tons: for I understood navigation well.

there was great plenty of grass. They would often spring. full of contempt and aversion. so that I might see their skins. gave me an opportunity of distinctly marking their form. glass rings. after they had sold the lading. I never beheld. and coming up directly to me. and whereof I had some about me. and others lank. and consider what I had best do. as well as lying down. for I durst not strike with the edge. and so bade me farewell. when he saw me. resolving to deliver myself to the first savages I should meet. but the rest of their bodies was bare. where I saw many tracts of human feet. but none on their faces. but most of horses. they had long lank hair on their heads. for fear of being surprised. distorted several ways. and several fields of oats. I got up. and pursued the beaten road. nor any hair at all on their buttocks. and other toys. When I was a little refreshed.” but said. as at an object he had never seen before. The ugly monster. for they had strong extended claws before and behind. but naturally growing. Upon the whole. Their shape was very singular and deformed. which were of a brown buff colour. advising me to make haste for fear of being overtaken by the tide. but I drew my hanger. if they should come to know that I had killed or maimed any 476 SiSU www. in all my travels. they had beards like goats. and a long ridge of hair down their backs. and bound. nor any thing more than a sort of down on the rest of their bodies. where I sat down on a bank to rest myself. The females were not so large as the males. I desired them to tell me what country it was. I went up into the country. and purchase my life from them by some bracelets. or suddenly shot with an arrow from behind. for this posture they used. In this desolate condition I advanced forward. I fell into a beaten road. which. thinking I had seen enough. Their heads and breasts were covered with a thick hair. to get rid of me in the first place where they could discover land. They all swore. which sailors usually provide themselves with in those voyages. so that I lay down behind a thicket to observe them better. when I met one of these creatures full in my way. and leap. some frizzled. lifted up his fore-paw. At last I beheld several animals in a field. except about the anus. or one against which I naturally conceived so strong an antipathy. “they knew no more than myself. I presume.Gulliver's Travels as not to search my pockets. every feature of his visage.” They pushed off immediately. which a little discomposed me. red. They climbed high trees as nimbly as a squirrel. not regularly planted. whether out of curiosity or mischief I could not tell. with some other little necessaries. The dugs hung between their fore feet. They had no tails. The land was divided by long rows of trees. with prodigious agility. Some of them coming forward near the place where I lay. They rowed about a league. and gave him a good blow with the flat side of it. and some of cows. or on either side. into which I conveyed what money I had. and often reached almost to the ground as they walked. except about the anus and pudenda. “that the captain” (as they called him) “was resolved. and one or two of the same kind sitting in trees. so disagreeable an animal. and hooked. and soon got upon firm 141 .gutenberg. black. and then set me down on a strand. hoping it might direct me to the cabin of some Indian. I walked very circumspectly. terminating in sharp points. I had not got far. So that. nature had placed there to defend them as they sat on the ground. and stared. and often stood on their hind feet. The hair of both sexes was of several colours. brown. then approaching nearer. fearing the inhabitants might be provoked against me. and the fore parts of their legs and feet. and yellow.

which my persecutors having sooner discovered.gutenberg. and concluded with 142 . walking side by side. and leaning my back against it. as it were to watch that I might not escape. leaped up into the tree. like persons deliberating upon some affair of weight. wondering what it was that could put them into this fright. who applying himself to the first in a very formal manner. This thought gave me so much comfort. for I began to be in some pain how this adventure might terminate. at last I took the boldness to reach my hand towards his neck with a design to stroke it. and bent his brows. using the common style and whistle of jockeys. softly raising up his right fore-foot to remove my hand. They went some paces off. that I fancied myself to understand what he meant. who was a dapple gray. observing me to steal off. that I resolved to go forward. I observed them all to run away on a sudden as fast as they could. The two horses came up close to me. and came near to him to expect his farther commands: but concealing my fear as much as I could. they must needs be the wisest people upon earth. at which I ventured to leave the tree and pursue the road. but often turning their eyes towards me. but soon recovering himself. But the first. I would have pursued my journey. Then he neighed three or four times. looked full in my face with manifest tokens of wonder. howling and making odious faces. but in so different a cadence. whereupon I turned back. backward and forward. but was almost stifled with the filth. until I could discover some house or village. walking round me several times. when he came near me. neighed after me in so expressive a tone. yet looking with a very mild aspect. getting hold of the branches behind. never offering the least violence. I was amazed to see such actions and behaviour in brute beasts. While he and I were thus employed. he drew back. I escaped pretty well by sticking close to the stem of the tree. but he placed himself directly in the way. and the reader will easily believe I did not much like my present situation. Several of this cursed brood. and varying the sound. shook his head. that I almost began to think he was speaking to himself. which fell about me on every side. and discomposed it so much that I was forced to adjust it better by taking it off and settling it again. looking with great earnestness upon my face and hands. in some language of his own. In the midst of this distress. he viewed my hands and feet. as if it were to confer together. I saw a horse walking softly in the field. The horse started a little. whence they began to discharge their excrements on my head. that if the inhabitants of this country were endued with a proportionable degree of reason. But looking on my left hand.Gulliver's Travels of their cattle. which seemed to be almost articulate. neighing several times by turns. When the beast felt the smart. another horse came up. whereat. was the cause of their flight. But this animal seemed to receive my civilities with disdain. and roared so loud. they gently struck each other's right hoof before. however. but I ran to the body of a tree. both he and his companion (who was a brown bay) appeared to be much sur477 478 479 SiSU www. The gray steed rubbed my hat all round with his right fore-hoof. kept them off by waving my hanger. when they are going to handle a strange horse. leaving the two horses to discourse together as they pleased. or meet with any of the natives. that a herd of at least forty came flocking about me from the next field. We stood gazing at each other for some time.

and I entreat one of you to let me ride upon his back. when he would attempt to solve some new and difficult phenomenon. and complexion. were really amazed at the sight of a man so very different in habit. resolved to divert themselves with him. and when I had ended. which I then conjectured might relate to me. I did not succeed in this so well as in the former. In return of which favour. they neighed frequently towards each other. and not able to walk faster. with the same compliment of striking each other's hoof. not unlike those of a philosopher. the two friends took their leaves. Upon the whole. as well as I could.gutenberg.” upon which he would stand awhile to let me rest. driven by his misfortunes upon your coast. He stroked my right hand. and finding it to hang loose about me. as if they were engaged in serious conversation. as I have good cause to believe. they both looked with new signs of wonder. and using various gestures. I endeavoured to practise this word upon my tongue. I ventured to address them in the following manner: “Gentlemen. to some house or village where I can be relieved.” taking them out of my pocket. neighing to each other. Upon the strength of this reasoning. you can understand my language. I will make you a present of this knife and bracelet. or. be resolved into an alphabet more easily than the Chinese. from those who might probably live in so remote a climate. perhaps. the behaviour of these animals was so orderly and rational. Houyhnhnm. When I offered to slacken my 143 . 480 481 482 SiSU www. and the words might. with little pains. wherein I spoke after him as well as I could. I boldly pronounced Yahoo in a loud voice. till I could find a better director. that I at last concluded they must needs be magicians.Gulliver's Travels prised: the latter felt the lappet of my coat. as if he were a real horse. feature. They were under great perplexity about my shoes and stockings. he would cry hhuun hhuun: I guessed his meaning. so acute and judicious. Then the bay tried me with a second word. as near as I could. I could frequently distinguish the word Yahoo. “that I was weary. who had thus metamorphosed themselves upon some design. but reducing it to the English orthography. wherein I thought it prudent to comply. which was repeated by each of them several times: and although it was impossible for me to conjecture what it meant. yet while the two horses were busy in conversation. seeming to listen with great attention. After some further discourse. may be spelt thus. I had better fortune. and as soon as they were silent. and found myself perceivably to improve every time. though very far from any degree of perfection. but he squeezed it so hard between his hoof and his pastern. much harder to be pronounced. I plainly observed that their language expressed the passions very well. that I was forced to roar. and they both appeared amazed at my capacity. at which they were both visibly surprised. imitating at the same time. which they felt very often. The two creatures stood silent while I spoke. but after two or three farther trials. seeming to admire the softness and colour. and gave him to understand. the neighing of a horse. and seeing a stranger in the way. therefore I make bold to let your worships know that I am a poor distressed Englishman. as if he meant to teach me the right accent. and the gray repeated the same word twice. and the gray made me signs that I should walk before him. after which they both touched me with all possible tenderness. if you be conjurers.

but some of them sitting down upon their hams. and received answers. But I had no time to pursue these reflections. that a man of quality should be served all by horses. and looked about me in the room where I was left alone: this was furnished like the first. in hopes the people of the house would be thereby encouraged to receive me kindly. Beyond this room there were three others. He neighed to them several times in a style of authority. the roof was low and covered with straw. and thereby prevented any ill treatment which the others might have given me.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER II. these seemed but ordinary cattle. they were two knives. The author's reception. opposite to each other. The mare soon after my entrance rose from her mat. although it was the first I had learned to pronounce. and other parts. together with a colt and foal. I feared my brain was disturbed by my sufferings and misfortunes. a small looking-glass. was beyond my comprehension. which I very much wondered at. the meaning of which word I could not then comprehend. because there appeared so much ceremony before I could gain admittance. The food of the Houyhnhnms. but wondered more to see the rest employed in domestic business. in the manner of a vista. after having nicely observed my hands and face. and wattled across. Is at last relieved. we came to a long kind of building. I roused myself. but I heard no other returns than in the same dialect. made of timber stuck in the ground. I heard the word Yahoo often repeated betwixt them. only after a more elegant 144 . There were three nags and two mares. must needs excel in wisdom all the nations of the world. But. I rubbed my eyes often. extending the whole length on one side.] Having travelled about three miles. I then absolutely concluded. that a people who could so far civilise brute animals. His manner of feeding in this country. The house described. it was a large room with a smooth clay floor. but the same objects still occurred. 483 484 485 486 487 SiSU www. only one or two a little shriller than his. We went through the second room towards the third. The horse neighed three or four times. The horse made me a sign to go in first. three bracelets of false pearls. and I waited to hear some answers in a human voice. I began to think that this house must belong to some person of great note among them.gutenberg. this confirmed my first opinion. which travellers usually carry for presents to the savage Indians of America. hoping I might be in a dream. and got ready my presents for the master and mistress of the house. gave me a most contemptuous look. Here the gray walked in first. I pinched my arms and sides to awake myself. and perfectly neat and clean. sitting on their haunches upon mats of straw. not eating. The gray came in just after. not unartfully made. However. and a bead necklace. reaching the length of the house. and coming up close. and made me a sign to follow him into the third room where I saw a very comely mare. and took out some toys. and turning to the horse. The author in distress for want of meat. beckoning me to attend: I waited in the second room. that all these appearances could be nothing else but necromancy and magic. for the gray horse came to the door. to which you passed through three doors. I now began to be a little comforted. and a rack and manger. [The author conducted by a Houyhnhnm to his house.

who thereupon repeated several times the word Yahoo. and by our countenances diligently compared both by master and servant. where was another building. the lips large. they held their food between the claws of their fore feet. though the horses did not. which I understood was to attend him. The master horse ordered a sorrel nag. which I have already described. nuzzling with their face against the mothers' shoulders. although there were few greater lovers of mankind at that time than myself. The great difficulty that seemed to stick with the two horses. beckoning to me with his head. as we shall describe in its proper place) between his hoof and pastern. if I did not get to some of my own species. feeding upon roots. and a fetlock full of oats. returned it to him again as civilly as I could. while I stayed in that country. to signify that neither of these were food for me. and. the same in every part of our bodies except as to hairiness and colour. hhuun. While we were thus engaged. And indeed I now apprehended that I must absolutely starve. and if he had understood me. which he held (after their manner. yet I confess I never saw any sensitive being so detestable on all accounts. My horror and astonishment are not to be described. but I could not return him such an answer as he was able to apprehend. for the horse. where the lineaments of the countenance are distorted. They were all tied by the neck with strong withes fastened to a beam. a perfect human figure: the face of it indeed was flat and broad. I took it in my hand. to my everlasting mortification. whereof they had no conception. to untie the largest of these 145 . although he did it with ease. Here we entered. the coarseness and brownness of the palms. by the natives suffering their infants to lie grovelling on the earth. to know what I would eat. when I observed in this abominable animal. the nose depressed. whereupon I pointed to her. having smelt it. one of his servants. which I knew very well.gutenberg. I observed a cow passing by.Gulliver's Travels But I was soon better informed. was to see the rest of my body so very different from that of a Yahoo. and therefore sent the Yahoo back to his kennel. for as to those filthy Yahoos. and the mouth wide. and with a motion that appeared perfectly natural. but it smelt so offensively that I turned from it with loathing: he then threw it to the Yahoo. and now and then a cow. by whom it was greedily devoured. The beast and I were brought close together. The sorrel nag offered me a root. led me out into a kind of court. I did not see how it was possible to contrive any way for finding myself nourishment. dead by accident or disease. but these differences are common to all savage nations. at which I was much surprised. This the master horse observed by my behaviour. and the more I came near them the more hateful they grew. or by carrying them on their backs. The fore-feet of the Yahoo differed from my hands in nothing else but the length of the nails. and tore it with their teeth. which I afterwards found to be that of asses and dogs. and the hairiness on the backs. but I shook my head. and expressed 488 489 SiSU www. and repeating the hhuun. He afterwards showed me a wisp of hay. for which I was obliged to my clothes. He then put his fore-hoof to his mouth. There was the same resemblance between our feet. and made other signs. which I first met after my landing. and take him into the yard. and the flesh of some animals. at some distance from the house. as he did upon the road. and I saw three of those detestable creatures. with the same differences. because of my shoes and stockings. He brought out of the Yahoos' kennel a piece of ass's flesh.

who received him with great civility. This had its effect. of which I drank very heartily. The behaviour of the young colt and foal appeared very modest. as I found by the stranger's often looking on me. then took water. I was ordered to speak the few words I understood. upon bosses of straw. which I made a shift to winnow from the grain. and I often gathered 490 491 492 SiSU www. and their own mash of oats and milk. the master horse took me aside. and the frequent repetition of the word Yahoo. He came to dine with our horse. They dined in the best room. after a very orderly and cleanly manner. as if he would signify. with angles answering to every partition of the manger. I happened to wear my gloves. It was at first a very insipid diet. who seemed to be of quality. I ground and beat them between two stones. These I heated before the fire. round which they sat on their haunches. There was in it an old steed. having from my youth a great facility in learning languages. milk. for although I had refused them at first. I considered that I could contrive to make of them a kind of bread. whereof I soon found the good effects. and some others. fire. water. having by accident got a hurt in his left fore-foot. and that of the master and mistress extremely cheerful and complaisant to their guest.gutenberg. but the rest cold. this was not the first experiment I had made how easily nature is satisfied. and putting them into my pocket. where a good store of milk lay in earthen and wooden vessels. and ordered a mare-servant to open a room. and made them into a paste or cake. which I could readily pronounce after him. to keep me alive. as well as I could. and had oats boiled in milk for the second course. and rubbed them till the husks came off. and divided into several partitions. About noon. The gray ordered me to stand by him. She gave me a large bowlful. and by signs and words made me understand the concern he was in that I had nothing to eat. In the middle was a large rack. discovering signs of wonder what I had done to my fore-feet. yet. and having been often reduced to hard fare in my life. It is true. or bird. and I saw the company was pleased with my behaviour. The horse immediately ordered a white mare servant of his family to bring me a good quantity of oats in a sort of wooden tray. pulling off both my gloves. with much decency and regularity. which I toasted at the fire and eat warm with milk. And I cannot but observe. seemed perplexed. and while they were at dinner. which I presently did. though common enough in many parts of Europe. and to creatures of my own species. This word I pronounced two or three times. Their mangers were placed circular in the middle of the room. with milk. This occasioned farther talk. When dinner was done. that I never had one hours sickness while I stayed in this island. which the old horse ate warm. upon second thoughts. I sometimes made a shift to catch a rabbit. I saw coming towards the house a kind of vehicle drawn like a sledge by four Yahoos. and found myself well refreshed. the master taught me the names for oats. but grew tolerable by time. which might be sufficient. that I should reduce them to their former shape. he alighted with his hind-feet forward. He put his hoof three or four times to them. so that each horse and mare ate their own hay. Oats in their tongue are called hlunnh. till I could make my escape to some other 146 . for he led me back into the house.Gulliver's Travels a desire to go and milk her. and much discourse passed between him and his friend concerning me. by springs made of Yahoo's hairs. which the master gray observing.

and now and then.gutenberg. as if the readers were personally concerned whether we fare well or ill. for a rarity. When it grew towards evening. it was necessary to mention this matter. I made a little butter. This is enough to say upon the subject of my diet. for we observe no animal to be fond of it but man. and ate as salads with my bread. which I boiled. But I was in a short time better accommodated. slept very sound. wherewith other travellers fill their 147 . it was a great while before I could endure the taste of it in anything that I ate. when I come to treat more particularly about my way of living. the master horse ordered a place for me to lodge in. and was first introduced only as a provocative to drink. and drank the whey.Gulliver's Travels wholesome herbs. but custom soon reconciled me to the want of it. and I am confident that the frequent use of salt among us is an effect of luxury. as the reader shall know hereafter. except where it is necessary for preserving flesh in long voyages. Here I got some straw. and as to myself. and covering myself with my own clothes. I was at first at a great loss for salt. However. when I left this country. or in places remote from great markets. and among such inhabitants. lest the world should think it impossible that I could find sustenance for three years in such a country. it was but six yards from the house and separated from the stable of the Yahoos. 493 494 SiSU www.

and to know my story from my own mouth. and inquired the name of it. The language described. and cleanliness. was very ready to assist me. “that I must needs be mistaken. could give him some tolerable answers. his master. but is much more graceful and significant. hands. and face. for the inhabitants have not the least idea of books or literature.gutenberg. because the Yahoos (whom he saw I exactly resembled in my head. which I discovered in all my actions. and by the help of many signs. but my teachableness.” It was with some difficulty. and then left me to shift for myself. that a brute animal should discover such marks of a rational creature. “that I came over the sea. and every servant of his 148 . In this employment. The Houyhnhnm. for they looked upon it as a prodigy. “He knew it was impossible that there could be a country 495 496 497 498 499 500 SiSU www. He gives his master a short account of his voyage. He was convinced (as he afterwards told me) that I must be a Yahoo. or that I said the thing which was not. This last. which my master (for so I shall henceforth call him). assists in teaching him. and how I was taught to imitate a rational creature.” for they have no word in their language to express lying or falsehood. it should be in HighDutch. In speaking. were desirous to teach me. My master was eager to learn “whence I came. with many others of my own kind. He was most perplexed about my clothes. and the strongest disposition to mischief. [The author studies to learn the language. with the translations. He was extremely curious to know “from what part of the country I came. that were only visible). and in three months. with some appearance of cunning. I ventured to do in my master's presence. He replied.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER III. In about ten weeks time. and his children. civility. which were qualities altogether opposite to those animals. they pronounced through the nose and throat. or German. astonished him. The emperor Charles V. from a far place.] My principal endeavour was to learn the language. that he spent many hours of his leisure to instruct me. how I acquired those appearances of reason.” I answered. reasoning sometimes with himself. when he said “that if he were to speak to his horse. Several Houyhnhnms of quality come out of curiosity to see the author. whether they were a part of my body: for I never pulled them off till the family were asleep. and writ the words down. and their language approaches nearest to the High-Dutch. were observed to be the most unteachable of all brutes. that I brought him to understand me. one of the under-servants. a sorrel nag. in a great hollow vessel made of the bodies of trees: that my companions forced me to land on this coast. It cost me much trouble to explain to him what I was doing. of any I know in Europe. and corrected my bad accent by desiring those of the family to pronounce it often. which he hoped he should soon do by the great proficiency I made in learning and pronouncing their words and sentences. I was able to understand most of his questions. and got them on before they waked in the morning. I pointed to every thing. made almost the same observation. I formed all I learned into the English alphabet.” To help my memory. after some time. which I wrote down in my journal-book when I was alone.” The curiosity and impatience of my master were so great.

but especially the last part. that neither 501 502 503 504 SiSU www. because my body had a different covering from others of my kind. I awaked at the noise he made. except on my head. some part of me was white. and observed him to deliver his message in some disorder. I should be able to tell him wonders. and seemed. one morning early. in five months from my arrival I understood whatever was spoken. 149 . or other brutes. as to my own person. as well for decency as to avoid the inclemencies of air. he was at the same pains himself. and hands. They were astonished to observe me without the usual hair or skin. some yellow. “that in the country whence I came. and cover myself with my clothes. to discover some glimmerings of reason. of which. that I was not the same thing when I slept.” I had hitherto concealed the secret of my dress. it was my custom to strip. I have already told the reader. in its etymology. and could express myself tolerably well. and hoped. I considered that my clothes and shoes would soon wear out. but now I found it in vain to do so any longer. in his words and actions.” These delighted to converse with me: they put many questions. By all these advantages I made so great a progress.” He said. if I did not expose those parts that nature taught us to conceal. for he could not understand. or that a parcel of brutes could move a wooden vessel whither they pleased upon water. and every day. the PERFECTION OF NATURE. that every night. This I presently discovered. and must be supplied by some contrivance from the hides of Yahoos. he asked me “the meaning of what his servant had reported. at least not so white. When he came I was fast asleep. “that I was at a loss for expression. face. that his vale assured him. He was sure no Houyhnhnm alive could make such a vessel. and some brown. I would give him immediate conviction. The Houyhnhnms. those of my kind always covered their bodies with the hairs of certain animals prepared by art. and the servants of the family. as much as possible. Several horses and mares of quality in the neighbourhood came often to our house. that. It happened. Besides. his colt. my clothes fallen off on one side. signifies a HORSE.gutenberg. going as soon as I was dressed to pay my attendance upon his honour. but I discovered that secret to my master upon an accident which happened about a fortnight before. I told my master. and in a great fright gave him a very confused account of what he had seen. and my shirt above my waist. who came to visit my master out of a design of seeing and talking with me. which already were in a declining condition. that could speak like a Houyhnhnm. from that cursed race of Yahoos. upon the report spread of “a wonderful Yahoo. whereby the whole secret would be known. when the family were gone to bed. in a short time. and foal. after which he went to my master.Gulliver's Travels beyond the sea. why nature should teach us to conceal what nature had given. in their tongue. and. in order to distinguish myself. both hot and cold. I therefore told my master. if he pleased to command me: only desiring his excuse. “my discourse was all very strange. but would improve as fast as I could. for two or three hours.” He was pleased to direct his own mare. as I appeared to be at other times.” The word Houyhnhnm. nor would trust Yahoos to manage it. and received such answers as I was able to return. that my master sent for me by the sorrel nag. could hardly believe me to be a right Yahoo. to take all opportunities of instructing me. who was his valet.

it was plain I must be a perfect Yahoo. at least as long as my present clothing should last. because he was more astonished at my capacity for speech and reason. when I waited on him. “that the secret of my having a false covering to my body. and by these means he had already received some general ideas. he would ask me several questions concerning myself.” adding. He desired to see no more. as I already had attempted to tell him. to hide my nakedness. That upon a quarrel among us. one piece after another.” All this my master very graciously consented to. I did the same with my waistcoat. after which. He took up all my clothes in his pastern. with about fifty more of my own 150 . I let my shirt down to my waist. I expressed my uneasiness at his giving me so often the appellation of Yahoo. had observed. and breeches. stockings. for as to what the sorrel nag. he said. and gave me leave to put on my clothes again. he then stroked my body very gently. It would be tedious to relate the several steps by which I advanced to a more regular conversation.” Every day. beside the trouble he was at in teaching. “that he waited with some impatience to hear the wonders which I promised to tell him. and make me more diverting. I described the ship to him in the best terms I could. and drew up the bottom. whiteness. and examined them diligently. I was set on shore on this 505 506 507 508 509 510 SiSU www. “this would put me into good humour. and make the same order in his family and among his friends whom he suffered to see me. his valet. he desired “I would go on with my utmost diligence to learn their language. and thus the secret was kept till my clothes began to wear out. than at the figure of my body. and explained. and pulled it off. how it was driven forward by the wind.” Whereupon I first unbuttoned my coat.Gulliver's Travels himself nor family were ashamed of any parts of their bodies. I might do as I pleased. and smoothness of my skin. which I was forced to supply by several contrivances that shall hereafter be mentioned. and looked round me several times. though very imperfect.” Thenceforward he doubled the pains he had been at to instruct me: he brought me into all company. his honour might command him to conceal it. by the help of my handkerchief displayed. but that I differed very much from the rest of my species in the softness. for which I had so utter a hatred and contempt: I begged he would forbear applying that word to me. but the first account I gave of myself in any order and length was to this purpose: “That I came from a very far country. but. that we travelled upon the seas in a great hollow vessel made of wood. I requested likewise. my want of hair in several parts of my body. and larger than his honour's house. privately. whether it were covered or not. “because. for I was shuddering with cold. I drew off my shoes. the shape and shortness of my claws behind and before. fastening it like a girdle about my middle. an odious animal. however. might be known to none but himself. In the meantime.” as he told them. and my affectation of walking continually on my two hinder feet. My master observed the whole performance with great signs of curiosity and admiration. which I answered as well as I could.gutenberg. and made them treat me with civility.

who. and then I would tell him the wonders I had so often promised. as well as in my own.” He asked me.” He agreed. I was as much astonished to see the Houyhnhnms act like rational beings. I said farther. but could not account for their degenerate and brutal nature. could be. “that I durst proceed no further in my relation.Gulliver's Travels coast. “that if good fortune ever restored me to my native country. that I said the thing that was not. and under his promise of not being offended) our countrymen would hardly think it probable that a Houyhnhnm should be the presiding creature of a nation. till he delivered me from the persecution of those execrable Yahoos. to relate my travels hither. without knowing whither. and that upon my arrival hither. to which I owned my resemblance in every part. that I invented the story out of my own head. his family.gutenberg. as I resolved to do. or his friends.” SiSU www. “who made the ship. and friends. and how it was possible that the Houyhnhnms of my country would leave it to the management of brutes?” My answer was. and I went on by assuring him. where I walked 151 . that the ship was made by creatures like myself. as he. everybody would believe. and a Yahoo the brute. in all the countries I had travelled. were the only governing rational animals. and (with all possible respect to himself. in finding some marks of reason in a creature he was pleased to call a Yahoo. unless he would give me his word and honour that he would not be offended.

” said my master: “it is now very plain. serve them with food. were the most generous and comely animals we had. which my master said was altogether past his conception. after some expressions of great indignation. but then they were sold. “we had great numbers. that whatever share of reason the Yahoos pretend to. I told him “he should be obeyed. being kept by farmers and carriers. if any one said the thing which was not. and I am so far from receiving information. in frequent discourses with my master concerning the nature of manhood in other parts of the world. and short. that in summer they grazed in the fields. on which we often travelled. that they excelled in strength and swiftness. [The Houyhnhnm's notion of truth and falsehood. “whether we had Houyhnhnms among us. although he had otherwise a most acute judgment. racing. where Yahoo servants were employed to rub their skins smooth. comb their manes. and in winter were kept in houses with hay and oats. and sold for what they were worth. The author gives a more particular account of himself. it was with much difficulty that he comprehended what I meant. are so little known in this country.” And these were all the notions he had concerning that faculty of lying. and to receive information of facts. having occasion to talk of lying and false representation. that the inhabitants cannot tell how to behave themselves under such circumstances. that he leaves me worse than in ignorance. and when they belonged to persons of 152 . among human creatures. so perfectly well understood. because I was very certain that the account he expected from me would be highly displeasing. he desired to know. for I am led to believe a thing black. The author's discourse disapproved by his master. at the bottom of their feet.” I described. whom we called horses. pick their feet. they were treated with much kindness and care. of harness and wheels.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER IV. wondered “how we dared to 511 512 513 514 515 SiSU www. and the accidents of his voyage. the shape and use of a bridle. and other mean people. these ends were defeated. and so universally practised. a saddle. till they fell into diseases. a spur. when it is white. But the common race of horses had not so good fortune. And I remember. or became foundered in the feet. from all you have spoken. For he argued thus: “that the use of speech was to make us understand one another. and a whip. or not believing.” My master.” I owned “that the Houyhnhnms among us.” “I understand you well. were employed in travelling. the Houyhnhnms are your masters. because doubting. and fed them worse.” I begged “his honour would please to excuse me from proceeding any further. when it is long. as well as I could. called iron. I heartily wish our Yahoos would be so tractable. who put them to greater labour. and used to all kind of drudgery till they died. and their bodies left to be devoured by dogs and birds of prey. and what was their employment?” I told him.” But he insisted in commanding me to let him know the best and the worst. To return from this digression. When I asserted that the Yahoos were the only governing animals in my country. because I cannot properly be said to understand him. to preserve their hoofs from being broken by the stony ways.gutenberg.] My master heard me with great appearances of uneasiness in his countenance. after which their skins were stripped. now. or drawing chariots. I added. our way of riding. and make their beds. “that we fastened plates of a certain hard substance.

“if it were possible there could be any country where Yahoos alone were endued with reason. to the several uses we intended them for. for he was sure. while they were young. he thought I differed for the worse: that my nails were of no use either to my fore or hinder feet. nor 516 SiSU www.gutenberg. from three or four years old. which every creature discovered against us.“ He then began to find fault with other parts of my body: ”the flatness of my face. particularly after I had explained the manner and use of castrating horses among us. he could not see how it were possible to cure that natural antipathy. that my whole body wanted a fence against heat and cold. with tediousness and trouble: and lastly. but his honour would please to consider. squeeze the brute to death. or so strong as that on my feet behind: that I could not walk with any security. but. to take down their spirits. that they were too soft to bear the ground. He said. they were employed for carriages.” whereupon he desired to know whether those among whom I lived resembled me. for he never observed me to walk upon them. or the Yahoos of his country?“ I assured him. But. so that I could not look on either side without turning my head: that I was not able to feed myself. as to my fore feet. He knew not what could be the use of those several clefts and divisions in my feet behind.Gulliver's Travels venture upon a Houyhnhnm's back. or by lying down and rolling on his back. designed for the common use of riding or draught. that I generally went with them uncovered. ”I differed indeed from other Yahoos. and to render them more servile. and make them more tame and gentle. and not altogether so deformed. that the males. he could not properly call them by that name. but the younger. I must inevitably fail.“ He said. without a covering made from the skin of some other brute. for any mischievous tricks. that he observed every animal in this country naturally to abhor the Yahoos. whom the weaker avoided. because their wants and passions are fewer than among us. the prominence of my nose. any more than the Yahoos in this country. he thought no creature of equal bulk was so ill-contrived for employing that reason in the common offices of life. for their language does not abound in variety of words. were much more soft and tender.” It put me to the pains of many circumlocutions. to hinder them from propagating their kind. mine eyes placed directly in front. neither was the covering I sometimes wore on them of the same shape. to give my master a right idea of what I spoke. and the skins of the latter generally as white as milk. because reason in time will always prevail against brutal strength. and the stronger drove from them. that if any of them proved intolerably vicious. being much more cleanly. and the females. and especially of mine. which I was forced to put on and off every day. considering the frame of our bodies. in point of real advantage. that they were indeed sensible of rewards and punishments. that they had not the least tincture of reason. supposing us to have the gift of reason. without lifting one of my fore-feet to my mouth: and therefore nature had placed those joints to answer that necessity. that they were severely beaten.” I answered “that our horses were trained up. So that. for if either of my hinder feet slipped. they certainly must be the governing animal. ”that I was as well shaped as most of my age. that these were too soft to bear the hardness and sharpness of stones. were generally castrated about two years after their birth. that the weakest servant in his house would be able to shake off the strongest Yahoo. But it is impossible to express his noble resentment at our savage treatment of the Houyhnhnm 153 .

punishment. my master was pleased to interrupt me several times. for committing rapes. ”debate the matter no farther. of the terrible effects of lust. or sodomy. gotten by accident or violence. whom we called queen. out of different countries. he would. because I saw nothing in his country to which I could resemble them. But being of an excellent understanding. and therefore they were under the necessity of seeking a livelihood in other places. After which. when I should return. perjury.” which he was pleased to promise me. for fear of being hanged. before I came hither. to give my master any conception of what I meant.” I assured him. and a thousand other things. for flying from their colours. Some were undone by lawsuits. and had about fifty Yahoos under me. However. and I was forced to supply them by others picked out from several nations. which was remote from his country. before he was able to comprehend me. whose trade it is to cure wounds and hurts in the body. that I was bred a surgeon. He was wholly at a loss to know what could be the use or necessity of practising those vices. many for murder. Power. that our ship was twice in danger of being sunk.” During this discourse. many of which died at sea. humbly desiring his assistance when I wanted proper words. war. and the second by striking against a rock. I had made use of many circumlocutions in describing to him the nature of the several crimes for which most of our crew had been forced to fly their country. whereof his honour could have no conception. or deserting to the enemy. and the hazards I had run?” I said. like one whose imagination was struck with something never seen or heard of before. he would lift up his eyes with amazement and indignation. in our 517 518 519 SiSU www. that I left it to get riches. To clear up which. as many days' journey as the strongest of his honour's servants could travel in the annual course of the sun. he at last arrived at a competent knowledge of what human nature. and envy. that. whoring. whether it would be possible for me to explain myself on several subjects. poisoning. the country where I was born. I said. theft. others fled for treason. and most of them had broken prison. in my last voyage. but I doubted much. malice.gutenberg. coining false money. in an island called England. “how I could persuade strangers. law. the first time by a great storm. to venture with me. had no terms wherein that language could express them. that. because he was more desirous to know my own story. whereby I might maintain myself and family. robbery. I was commander of the ship. none of these durst return to their native countries.” Here my master interposed. This labour took up several days' conversation. others spent all they had in drinking. by asking 154 . and gaming. or of starving in a jail. “my birth was of honest parents. intemperance. I endeavoured to give some ideas of the desire of power and riches. however. that my country was governed by a female man. and strive to express myself by similitudes. I would do my best. forced to fly from the places of their birth on account of their poverty or their crimes.Gulliver's Travels consequently how we could tame and render them serviceable. government. “how extremely desirous I was that he should be satisfied on every point. much improved by contemplation and converse.“ as he said. forgery. which made the difficulty almost insuperable. after the losses I had sustained. All this I was forced to define and describe by putting cases and making suppositions. “they were fellows of desperate fortunes. and the several actions and events of my life.

Gulliver's Travels parts of the world. is capable to perform. and desired I would give him some particular account of that land which we call Europe. but especially of my own country.gutenberg. SiSU 155 .

as they arose upon several subjects. Sometimes the ambition of princes.] The reader may please to observe. Sometimes one prince quarrels with another for fear the other should quarrel with him. especially if it be in things indifferent. and perhaps a hundred or more cities taken. white. to invade a country after the people have been wasted by famine. and the answers I gave to all the questions he made. as I farther improved in the Houyhnhnm tongue. and which still continued: I computed. where neither of them pretend to any right. whether whistling be a vice or a virtue.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER V. without any regard to time or other circumstances. or give us theirs. contains a summary of the most material points which were discoursed at several times for above two years. informs him of the state of England. what is the best colour for a coat. while I strictly adhere to truth. the present queen. and sometimes. of arts and sciences. Neither are any wars so furious and bloody. Sometimes a war is entered upon. red. wherein the greatest powers of Christendom were engaged. therefore. reducing it in order as well as I can. Sometimes our neighbours want the things which we have. who engage their master in a war. The causes of war among the princes of Europe. who never think they have land or people enough to govern. at his request. but I should only mention a few of the chief. his honour often desiring fuller satisfaction.” He asked me. The author begins to explain the English constitution. or of so long a continuance.gutenberg. Difference in opinions has cost many millions of lives: for instance. or bread be flesh. that the following extract of many conversations I had with my master. to his honour's commands. till they take ours. narrow or wide. sometimes the corruption of ministers. I laid before him. and we both fight. which must needs suffer by my want of capacity. in order to stifle or divert the clamour of the subjects against their evil administration. were a fund of conversation not to be exhausted. or gray. and five times as many ships burnt or sunk. dirty or clean. or throw it into the fire. because the enemy is too strong. that I shall hardly be able to do justice to my master's arguments and expressions. the long war with France. as well as by a translation into our barbarous English. destroyed by pestilence. whether black. I discoursed of trade and manufactures. with many more. the whole state of Europe. It is a very justifiable cause of a war. as those occasioned by difference in 156 . “what were the usual causes or motives that made one country go to war with another?” I answered “they were innumerable. or have the things which we want. But I shall here only set down the substance of what passed between us concerning my own country. or embroiled by factions among themselves. and whether it should be long or short. entered into by the said prince. as well as I could. whether the juice of a certain berry be blood or wine. “that about a million of Yahoos might have been killed in the whole progress of it. It is justifiable to 520 521 522 523 524 525 SiSU www. [The author at his master's command. “Sometimes the quarrel between two princes is to decide which of them shall dispossess a third of his dominions. My only concern is. I related to him the Revolution under the Prince of Orange. whether flesh be bread. and renewed by his successor. because he is too weak. whether it be better to kiss a post. In obedience.

and destroying. “that I had seen them blow up a hundred enemies at once in a siege. when he has driven out the invader. victory. when my master commanded me silence. they are so short and tender. trampling to death under horses' feet. swords. and it is the best part of their maintenance: such are those in many northern parts of Europe. He thought his ears.” said my master. to the great diversion of the spectators. being used to such abominable words. countermines. sieges. carabines. your mouths lying flat with your faces. of which they keep three. culverins. plundering. bombardments. 526 527 528 529 SiSU www.” “What you have told me. in cold blood. imprison. should seize on the dominions himself. and that nature has left you utterly incapable of doing much mischief. who hire out their troops to richer nations. stripping. powder. undermines. ships sunk with a thousand men. so he found it gave him a disturbance in his mind to which he was wholly a stranger 157 .” I could not forbear shaking my head. by degrees. who have never offended him. dying groans. pistols.Gulliver's Travels enter into war against our nearest ally. unless by consent. is a frequent cause of war between princes. and beheld the dead bodies drop down in pieces from the clouds. fields strewed with carcases. does indeed discover most admirably the effects of that reason you pretend to: however. to secure him against an invasion. And being no stranger to the art of war. “There is likewise a kind of beggarly princes in Europe. poor nations are hungry. I gave him a description of cannons. and frequent practice. in recounting the numbers of those who have been killed in battle. and smiling a little at his ignorance. twenty thousand killed on each side. when one of his towns lies convenient for us. as possibly he can. limbs flying in the air. and rich nations are proud. you can hardly bite each other to any purpose. or a territory of land. or marriage. might. might easily believe it possible for so vile an animal to be capable of every action I had named. smoke. in order to civilize and reduce them from their barbarous way of living. if their strength and cunning equalled their malice. that would render our dominions round and complete. battles. I cannot but think you have said the thing which is not. burning. But as my discourse had increased his abhorrence of the whole species. and as many in a ship. and kill.gutenberg. And therefore. Then as to the claws upon your feet before and behind. And to set forth the valour of my own dear countrymen. If a prince sends forces into a nation. because a soldier is a Yahoo hired to kill. bullets. the trade of a soldier is held the most honourable of all others. not able to make war by themselves. and make slaves of the rest. attacks.fourths to themselves. for so much a day to each man. bayonets. or banish. confusion. flight. ravishing. He said. and pride and hunger will ever be at variance. it is happy that the shame is greater than the danger. retreats. as many of his own species. muskets. noise. the prince he came to relieve. It is a very kingly. For these reasons. that the assistant.” I was going on to more particulars. “upon the subject of war. when one prince desires the assistance of another. and the nearer the kindred is. I assured him. left for food to dogs and wolves and birds of prey. Alliance by blood. where the people are poor and ignorant. honourable. “whoever understood the nature of Yahoos. he may lawfully put half of them to death. the greater their disposition to quarrel. For. sea fights. that one of our Yahoos would drive a dozen of yours before him. pursuit.

as we pretended to be. that the law. if it be skilfully done. than he did a gnnayh (a bird of prey) for its cruelty. and picked out from the most dexterous lawyers. 530 531 532 SiSU www. who will then betray his client by insinuating that he hath justice on his side. as one that would lessen the practice of the law. if not with ill-will. or a sharp stone for cutting his hoof. or else he will be reprimanded by the judges. The second way is for my lawyer to make my cause appear as unjust as he can. but he was at a loss how it should come to pass. according as they are paid. that white is black. that I had already explained the meaning of the word. being practised almost from his cradle in defending falsehood. The second disadvantage is. and oppression. who am the right owner. to gain over my adversary's lawyer with a double fee. and what to avoid. and having been biassed all their lives against truth and equity. that my lawyer must proceed with great caution. according to the present practice in my own country. in this case. as well as for the trial of criminals. by allowing the cow to belong to my adversary: and this.” I said. it being against all rules of law that any man should be allowed to speak for himself. lie under two great disadvantages: first. he dreaded lest the corruption of that faculty might be worse than brutality itself. Now. Now your honour is to know. yet he no more blamed them for their odious qualities. by words multiplied for the purpose. The first is. I must then hire another to defend my right. upon some injustices that had been done me: however. To this society all the rest of the people are slaves. in showing us what he ought to do. I. and black is white. by doing any thing unbecoming their nature or their office. is quite out of his element when he would be an advocate for justice. that some of our crew left their country on account of being ruined by law. bred up from their youth in the art of proving. that. if my neighbour has a mind to my cow. lie under such a fatal necessity of favouring fraud. “that the law was a science in which I had not much conversed. will certainly bespeak the favour of the bench. which was intended for every man's preservation. I had informed him. should be any man's ruin. and abhorred by his brethren.” He added. perjury. both in this and some former discourses. There was another point. as the reflection from a troubled stream returns the image of an ill shapen body. Therefore he desired to be further satisfied what I meant by law. But when a creature pretending to reason could be capable of such enormities. instead of reason we were only possessed of some quality fitted to increase our natural vices. “there was a society of men among us. not only larger but more distorted. further than by employing advocates.Gulliver's Travels admit them with less detestation: that although he hated the Yahoos of this country. in vain. For example. which a little perplexed him at present. which is an unnatural office he always attempts with great 158 . my lawyer.” I assured his honour. and the dispensers thereof. who are grown old or lazy. I would give him all the satisfaction I was able. rather than injure the faculty. “that he had heard too much upon the subject of war. He seemed therefore confident. And therefore I have but two methods to preserve my cow. he has a lawyer to prove that he ought to have my cow from me. that these judges are persons appointed to decide all controversies of property. that I have known some of them refuse a large bribe from the side where justice lay. because he thought nature and reason were sufficient guides for a reasonable animal.gutenberg.

For instance. after which they consult precedents.” 533 534 535 536 537 SiSU www. must certainly be. of right and wrong.” In answer to which I assured his honour. after which he can easily hang or save a criminal.Gulliver's Travels “It is a maxim among these lawyers that whatever has been done before. 159 . said. “it was a pity. they never desire to know what claim or title my adversary has to my cow. violent. whether the field left me by my ancestors for six generations belongs to me. and the general reason of mankind. that creatures endowed with such prodigious abilities of mind. strictly preserving all due forms of law. may legally be done again: and therefore they take special care to record all the decisions formerly made against common justice. avowed enemies to all knowledge and learning. and wherein all their laws are written. the most despicable in common conversation. or thirty years. that no other mortal can understand. whether the field I graze her in be round or square. they studiously avoid entering into the merits of the cause. or to a stranger three hundred miles off. by the description I gave of them. the method is much more short and commendable: the judge first sends to sound the disposition of those in power. whether she was milked at home or abroad. “It is likewise to be observed. that this society has a peculiar cant and jargon of their own. adjourn the cause from time to time. whereby they have wholly confounded the very essence of truth and falsehood. but whether the said cow were red or black. and the like. were not rather encouraged to be instructors of others in wisdom and knowledge. and the judges never fail of directing accordingly. “that in all points out of their own trade. “In pleading. under the name of precedents. which they take special care to multiply. as these lawyers. and tedious. in the case already mentioned. they were usually the most ignorant and stupid generation among us. “In the trial of persons accused for crimes against the state. in dwelling upon all circumstances which are not to the purpose. and equally disposed to pervert the general reason of mankind in every other subject of discourse as in that of their own profession. but are loud. and in ten. These. her horns long or short. come to an issue. what diseases she is subject to.” Here my master interposing.gutenberg. they produce as authorities to justify the most iniquitous opinions. so that it will take thirty years to decide.

the finest clothing.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VI. we sent away the greatest part of our necessary things to other countries. as well for liquors to drink as for sauces and innumerable other conveniences. Therefore since money alone was able to perform all these feats. Hence it follows of necessity. libelling. that all animals had a title to their share in the productions of the earth. as well as liquors extracted from grain. But what he chiefly wondered at was. scribbling.” He said “that must needs be a miserable country which cannot furnish food for its own inhabitants. that the bulk of our people were forced to live miserably. the most costly meats and 160 . which could not be done without sending vessels by sea to every part of the world. the materials it was made of. how such vast tracts of ground as I described should be wholly without fresh water. pimping. and the vanity of the females. and the like occupations:” every one of which terms I was at much pains to make him understand. we brought the materials of diseases. and engage in a confederacy of injustice. or to save. in return. folly. the noblest houses. or pressed out of the fruit of certain trees. and many other particulars to the same purpose. but his honour was still to seek. gaming. great tracts of land. whoring. poisoning. and the people put to the necessity of sending over the sea for drink. forging. they did it for hire. and have his choice of the most beautiful females. hectoring. he was able to purchase whatever he had a mind to. our Yahoos thought they could never have enough of it to spend. as they found themselves inclined. Whereupon I was at much pains to describe to him the use of money. flattering. neither could he comprehend what I meant in saying. “what these costly meats were.gutenberg. fawning. for he went upon a supposition. forswearing. to spend among ourselves. and weary themselves. suborning. Therefore he desired I would let him know. with the various methods of dressing them. voting. cheating. and the value of the metals. The character of a first minister of state in European courts.” I replied “that England (the dear place of my nativity) was computed to produce three times the quantity of food more than its inhabitants are able to consume. which made excellent drink. whence. that vast numbers of our people are compelled to seek their livelihood by begging. stealing.” I enlarged myself much on these. from their natural bent either to profusion or avarice. and how any of us happened to want them?” Whereupon I enumerated as many sorts as came into my head. in order to feed the luxury and intemperance of the males. and the same proportion in every other convenience of life. [A continuation of the state of England under Queen Anne. by labouring every day for small wages. “that when a Yahoo had got a great store of this precious substance. to make a few live plentifully. But.] My master was yet wholly at a loss to understand what motives could incite this race of lawyers to perplex. and vice. canting. or a cup to put it in. I assured him “that this whole globe of earth must be at least three times gone round before one of our better female Yahoos could get her breakfast. freethinking. merely for the sake of injuring their fellow-animals. and the latter were a thousand to one in proportion to the former. that the rich man enjoyed the fruit of the poor man's labour. lying. disquiet. star-gazing. “That wine was not imported among us from foreign countries to supply the want of wa- 538 539 540 541 542 SiSU www. robbing. and especially those who presided over the rest.

and deprived us of the use of our limbs. spread over every limb and joint--in short. and this they call a vomit.Gulliver's Travels ter or other drinks. For instance. the most abominable. and many other diseases. which the stomach immediately rejects with loathing.gutenberg. that prostitute female Yahoos acquired a certain malady. let him know the whole mystery and method by which they proceed. that we ate when we were not hungry. or else. and drank without the provocation of thirst. diverted all melancholy thoughts. and fishes. But here it was with the utmost difficulty that I brought him to apprehend what I meant. every part. I would. of curing the sick. raised our hopes and banished our fears. the building and furniture of my house employ as many more. dead men's flesh and bones. excrements. “Their fundamental is. I carry on my body the workmanship of a hundred tradesmen. that a Houyhnhnm. when I am at home. sea-weed.” I was going on to tell him of another sort of people. they command us to take in at the orifice above or below (just as the physician then happens to be disposed) 543 544 545 546 SiSU www. grew weak and heavy a few days before his death. that we always awaked sick and dispirited. from the same store-house. “But beside all this. and detestable. in gratitude to his honour. there was a sort of people bred up among us in the profession. should suffer any pains to breed in our bodies. for smell and taste. begat wild extravagant imaginations in the brain. so that great numbers came into the world with complicated maladies upon them. and desired to know the reason of so unaccountable an evil. suspended every office of reason for a time. either through the natural passage or upwards at the mouth. gums. inflamed our bodies. and that the use of this liquor filled us with diseases which made our lives uncomfortable and 161 . toads. till we fell into a profound sleep. and five times the number to adorn my wife. barks of trees. that a great evacuation of the body is necessary. nauseous. spiders. to form a composition. with some other poisonous additions. external and intestine. were propagated from father to son. upon some occasions. shells. the bulk of our people supported themselves by furnishing the necessities or conveniences of life to the rich and to each other. frogs. “He could easily conceive. serpents. or by some accident might hurt a limb. who get their livelihood by attending the sick. although it must be confessed. but that nature. minerals. birds. he thought impossible. who works all things to perfection. salts. oils. that we sat whole nights drinking strong liquors. and precipitated or prevented digestion. which disposed us to sloth. And because I had some skill in the faculty.” I told him “we fed on a thousand things which operated contrary to each other. having diseases appropriated to itself. To remedy which. Their next business is from herbs. without eating a bit. that all diseases arise from repletion. but because it was a sort of liquid which made us merry by putting us out of our senses. beasts. whence they conclude. having. that this. that it would be endless to give him a catalogue of all diseases incident to human bodies. which bred rottenness in the bones of those who fell into their embraces. or pretence. for they would not be fewer than five or six hundred. juices. and dressed as I ought to be. they can possibly contrive. informed his honour that many of my crew had died of diseases.

or a 162 . for which the physicians have invented imaginary cures. by which a man may rise to be chief minister. except to the indication of his mind. to replace her in it. or to yourself. and the inferior posterior for ejection.gutenberg. relaxing the belly. “They are likewise of special use to husbands and wives who are grown weary of their mates. and the third is. their predictions in real diseases. and making evacuations at the mouth. That these ministers. every wise man retires. drives down all before it. because such zealots prove always the most obsequious and subservient to the will and passions of their master. “that a first or chief minister of state. therefore. by betraying or undermining his predecessor. to eldest sons. and particularly of our own excellent constitution. But having here accidentally mentioned a minister of state. by a seasonable dose. these artists ingeniously considering that in all diseases nature is forced out of her seat. having all employments at their disposal. when they rise to any degree of malignity. pity and anger. wherein they seldom fail. The first is. who was the person I intended to describe. the body must be treated in a manner directly contrary. makes use of no other passions. generally portending death. we are subject to many that are only imaginary. in public assemblies. that those he speaks worst of behind their backs are in the surest way of preferment. and often to princes. against the corruption's of the court. deservedly the wonder and envy of the whole world. to great ministers of state. by a furious zeal. and with these our female Yahoos are always infested. upon any unexpected signs of amendment. and gives over all hopes. he commanded me. rather than be accused as false prophets. but with a design that you should take it for a truth.” I had formerly. after they have pronounced their sentence. besides real diseases. to inform him. was the creature wholly exempt from joy and grief. these have their several names. by knowing how. forcing solids and liquids in at the anus. that he applies his words to all uses. and whenever he begins to praise you to others. and titles. which is always in their power. power. love and hatred. For nature (as the physicians allege) having intended the superior anterior orifice only for the intromission of solids and liquids. “what species of Yahoo I particularly meant by that appellation. which. upon occasion. preserve 547 548 549 550 551 552 SiSU www. the second. The worst mark you can receive is a promise. “There are three methods. some time after. after which. a daughter. discoursed with my master upon the nature of government in general. but a violent desire of wealth. you are from that day forlorn. or a sister. nor a lie. and so have the drugs that are proper for them. when recovery is not: and therefore. that he never tells a truth but with an intent that you should take it for a lie. is their skill at prognostics. to dispose of a wife. and this they call a purge.” I told him. But a wise prince would rather choose to employ those who practise the last of these methods. with prudence. they know how to approve their sagacity to the world. especially when it is confirmed with an oath. by interchanging the use of each orifice. “But. “One great excellency in this tribe. at least.Gulliver's Travels a medicine equally annoying and disgustful to the bowels.

and the iron-gray. having heard me mention the nobility of my country. to a degree that. colour. “that among the Houyhnhnms. That the productions of such marriages are generally scrofulous. and therefore continued always in the condition of servants. a meagre countenance. and when their fortunes are almost ruined. and the black. or deformed children. unless the wife takes care to provide a healthy father. The imperfections of his mind run parallel with those of his body. become ministers of state in their several districts. dullness. as soon as years will permit. rickety. the governors of the kingdom. was pleased to make me a compliment which I could not pretend to deserve: “that he was sure I must have been born of some noble family.gutenberg.” One day. whom they hate and despise. all the Yahoos of his nation. but assured him at the same time. and learn to excel in the three principal ingredients. and 163 . by which means the family seldom continues above three generations. through several gradations. sensuality. which must be imputed to my different way of living from those other brutes. without ever aspiring to match out of their own race. That a weak diseased body. the sorrel. “they secure themselves from after-reckonings. lackeys.” He made me observe. Accordingly. and sallow complexion. I passed for a prodigy. and porters. who are the tunnels through which all graces are conveyed. to be successors to their lord. the white. or favourite footman. lying. in discourse. they have a subaltern court paid to them by persons of the best rank. although I seemed to fail in strength and agility. having been born of plain honest parents. and a healthy robust appearance is so disgraceful in a man of quality. that nobility. or a capacity to improve them. among her neighbours or domestics. and besides I was not only endowed with the faculty of speech. that our young noblemen are bred from their childhood in idleness and luxury. was altogether a different thing from the idea he had of it. disagreeable person. arrive. are the true marks of noble blood. ignorance. by an expedient. because I far exceeded in shape. “The palace of a chief minister is a seminary to breed up others in his own trade: the pages.” I made his honour my most humble acknowledgments for the good opinion he was pleased to conceive of me. caprice. called an act of indemnity” (whereof I described the nature to him). my master.Gulliver's Travels themselves in power. in order to improve and continue the breed. which in that country would be reckoned monstrous and unnatural. by imitating their master. who were just able to give me a tolerable education. that. by bribing the majority of a senate or great council. “He is usually governed by a decayed wench. and may properly be called. 553 554 555 556 557 SiSU www. the dapple-gray. being a composition of spleen. in the last resort. and at last. were not so exactly shaped as the bay. that the world concludes his real father to have been a groom or a coachman. among us. with all his acquaintance. and contract odious diseases among lewd females. and sometimes by the force of dexterity and impudence. and unsound constitution (merely for the sake of money). nor born with equal talents of mind. and retire from the public laden with the spoils of the nation. “that my birth was of the lower sort. and pride. but likewise with some rudiments of reason. of insolence. they consume their vigour. and cleanliness. they marry some woman of mean birth.

net 164 .Gulliver's Travels “Without the consent of this illustrious body. SiSU www. without appeal.”6 558 6 This paragraph is not in the original editions. no law can be enacted.gutenberg. or altered: and these nobles have likewise the decision of all our possessions. repealed.

I had likewise learned. to whose share. by what accident he could not conjecture. it is now some comfort to reflect. before a person of so acute a judgment as my master. omitted much more than is here set down. that he looked upon us as a sort of animals. whereof we made no other use. which. “he had been very seriously considering my whole story. who daily convinced me of a thousand faults in myself. and commanded me to sit down at some distance (an honour which he had never before conferred upon me). and truth appeared so amiable to me. it was impossible for me to do. I extenuated their faults as much as I durst before so strict an examiner. that I entered on a firm resolution never to return to humankind. an utter detestation of all falsehood or disguise. However.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VII. with us. for brevity 165 . from that entire congruity between me and their Yahoos. than by its assistance. who is there alive that will not be swayed by his bias and partiality to the place of his birth? I have related the substance of several conversations I had with my master during the greatest part of the time I had the honour to be in his service. 559 560 561 562 563 564 SiSU www. I had not yet been a year in this country before I contracted such a love and veneration for the inhabitants. in the contemplation and practice of every virtue. and which. my perpetual enemy. that I began to view the actions and passions of man in a very different light. His master's observations upon human nature. where I could have no example or incitement to vice. as to myself. as described by the author. he sent for me one morning early. He said. from his example. as far as it related both to myself and my country. that so great a felicity should not fall to my share. but to pass the rest of my life among these admirable Houyhnhnms. to aggravate our natural corruptions. besides. indeed. would never be numbered even among human infirmities. and to think the honour of my own kind not worth managing. that. His master's observations upon the constitution and administration of England. and to acquire new ones. among a race of mortals who are already too apt to conceive the vilest opinion of humankind. some small pittance of reason had fallen. But I must freely confess. For. that we disarmed ourselves of the few abilities she had bestowed. which nature had not given us. had so far opened my eyes and enlarged my understanding. But it was decreed by fortune. had been very successful in multiplying our original wants. that the many virtues of those excellent quadrupeds. placed in opposite view to human corruptions. it was manifest I had neither the strength nor agility of a common Yahoo. but have.] The reader may be disposed to wonder how I could prevail on myself to give so free a representation of my own species. Let me deal so candidly with the reader as to confess that there was yet a much stronger motive for the freedom I took in my representation of things. with parallel cases and comparisons. that in what I said of my countrymen.gutenberg. When I had answered all his questions. indeed. that I determined upon sacrificing every thing to it. whereof I had not the least perception before. and upon every article gave as favourable a turn as the matter would bear. [The author's great love of his native country. and seemed to spend our whole lives in vain endeavours to supply them by our own inventions. and his curiosity seemed to be fully satisfied.

engage in what I call a civil war among themselves. or how these stones could be of any use to a Yahoo. “That our institutions of government and law were plainly owing to our gross defects in reason. “the Yahoos were known to hate one another. and our actions. He had therefore begun to think it not unwise in us to cover our bodies. “he could never discover the reason of this unnatural appetite. the odiousness of their own shapes. for want of enemies. instead of eating peaceably.gutenberg. But if they find their project has miscarried. which would else be hardly supportable. because. although he manifestly perceived.” He said. and then would ensue such a battle as I had described. that. “He was the more confirmed in this opinion. and to remove the hair from my chin. but not in themselves. more than they did any different species of animals. as I had described them. for fear their comrades should find out their treasure. even from the account I had given of my own people. but still looking round with great caution. our manners. they return home. that I could neither run with speed. “you throw among five Yahoos as much food as would be sufficient for fifty. that as I agreed in every feature of my body with other Yahoos. they will. and activity. except where it was to my real disadvantage in point of strength. and therefore a servant was usually employed to stand by while they were feeding abroad. and. with terrible wounds made by their claws on both sides. in order to favour them. and by that invention conceal many of our deformities from each other. without any visible cause. and those kept at home were tied at a distance from each other: that if a cow died of age or accident. I had concealed many particulars. which all could see in the rest. had found out a contrivance to make my claws of no use or defence. he observed. speed.Gulliver's Travels that I walked infirmly on my hinder feet.” as he called them. for want of such convenient instruments of death as we had invented. That he had once. then carry them away. each single one impatient to have all to itself. and hide them by heaps in their kennels. although they seldom were able to kill one another. because reason alone is sufficient to govern a rational creature. the shortness of my 166 . he found as near a resemblance in the disposition of our minds. “the Yahoos in his country.” said he. “That in some fields of his country there are certain shining stones of several colours. as it sometimes happens. and by consequence in virtue. but now he believed it might proceed from the same principle of avarice which I had ascribed to mankind. by 565 566 567 SiSU www. and often said the thing which was not.” My master said. they will dig with their claws for whole days to get them out. fall together by the ears. and that the dissensions of those brutes in his country were owing to the same cause with ours. a character we had no pretence to challenge. At other times. before they are prepared. For if. and some other particulars where nature had no part. whereof the Yahoos are violently fond: and when part of these stones is fixed in the earth. which was. so from the representation I had given him of our lives. which was intended as a shelter from the sun and the weather: lastly. But he now found he had been mistaken. those in the neighbourhood would come in herds to seize it. nor climb trees like my brethren. therefore. the like battles have been fought between the Yahoos of several neighbourhoods. and the reason usually assigned was. those of one district watching all opportunities to surprise the next. before a Houyhnhnm could secure it for his own Yahoos.

the corrupted flesh of animals. it produced in them the same effects that wine has upon us. and contracted. and tumble. he presently recovered his spirits and good humour. than much better food provided for them at home. and would suck it with great delight. berries. they would howl.” which my master would needs contend to have some kind of resemblance with our suits at law. and chatter. If their prey held out. because the plaintiff and defendant there lost nothing beside the stone they contended for: whereas our courts of equity would never have dismissed the cause. which. than their undistinguishing appetite to devour every thing that came in their way. “there was nothing that rendered the Yahoos more odious. the fiercest and most frequent battles are fought.” He said. and grin. and the like. a third would take the advantage.Gulliver's Travels way of experiment. when two Yahoos discovered such a stone in a field. nor work. and do here freely recommend it to my countrymen for the public good. Neither has their language any more than a general appellation for those maladies. “As to learning. not by any ill-treatment they meet with. as an admirable specific against all diseases produced by repletion.” My master further assured me. nor sleep. “that in the fields where the shining stones abound. and called hnea-yahoo. and carry it away from them both. My master. which is borrowed from the name of the beast. This I have since often known to have been taken with success. and sometimes tear one another. when his Yahoo had found. but by the nastiness and greediness of that sordid brute. roots. whether herbs. and were contending which of them should be the proprietor. would neither eat. till he ordered a servant privately to convey the stones into the same hole. since the decision he mentioned was much more equitable than many decrees among us. there miserably howled. “There was also another kind of root. very juicy. or Yahoo's evil. but took good care to remove them to a better hiding place. and reel.gutenberg. began to pine away. nature had pointed out to them a certain root that gave them a general evacuation. and has ever since been a very serviceable brute. manufactures. while either of them had any thing left. were much fewer than horses have among us. It would make them sometimes hug. said. privately removed a heap of these stones from the place where one of his Yahoos had buried it.” my master confessed. whereupon the sordid animal. which. and the cure prescribed is a mixture of their own dung and urine. they would eat till they were ready to burst. arts. continuing his discourse. or all mingled together: and it was peculiar in their temper. which the Yahoos sought for with much eagerness. at a greater distance. and then fall asleep in the mud. that they were fonder of what they could get by rapine or stealth.” I did indeed observe that the Yahoos were the only animals in this country subject to any diseases. but somewhat rare and difficult to be found. by his loud lamenting brought the whole herd to the place. then fell to biting and tearing the rest. missing his treasure. government. however. wherein I thought it for our credit not to undeceive him. “it was 167 . occasioned by perpetual inroads of the neighbouring Yahoos. “he could find little or no resemblance between the Yahoos of that country and those in 568 569 570 571 572 573 SiSU www. which I also observed myself. after which. forcibly put down the Yahoo's throat. and hide them as before.

and that the hes would quarrel and fight with the females. I humbly conceive. had their females in common. to set him to hard work. at the head of all the Yahoos in that district. young and old. for which he was now and then rewarded with a piece of ass's flesh. which he had not observed me to 168 . keeps always near the person of his leader.Gulliver's Travels ours. was their strange disposition to nastiness and dirt. some curious Houyhnhnms observe.” To this I was silent out of partiality to my own kind. and groan. nor did the servant imagine what could possibly ail him. and mischievous in disposition. “those animals. and discharge their excrements upon him from head to foot. “Another thing he wondered at in the Yahoos. like other brutes. But how far this might be applicable to our courts. He had heard. in the accounts I had given of humankind. as no other sensitive creature ever arrived at. in justice. than any of the rest. which debased human understanding below the sagacity of a common hound.” He said. come in a body. He said. for he only meant to observe what parity there was in our natures. “there were some qualities remarkable in the Yahoos. and drive the female Yahoos to his kennel. male and female. And the only remedy they found was. and spurn away all that came near him. because I had not a word to offer upon them in defence of my species. but in this they differed. or at least very slightly. whereas there appears to be a natural love of cleanliness in all other animals. He usually continues in office till a worse can be found. and the rich. if there had been any swine in that country (as unluckily for me there were not). without being ever mistaken. and therefore. which. I was glad to let them pass without any reply. yet here I could plainly discover the true seeds of spleen. to lie down. although it may be a sweeter quadruped than a Yahoo. But I could have easily vindicated humankind from the imputation of singularity upon the last article. “that a female Yahoo would often stand behind a bank 574 575 576 577 578 SiSU www. if they were forced to undergo the same regimen. My master told me. and howl. although he were young and fat. which otherwise I certainly had done from my own inclinations. that this leader had usually a favourite as like himself as he could get.gutenberg. who. whose employment was to lick his master's feet and posteriors. my master said I could best determine. who was always more deformed in body. wanted neither food nor water. the luxurious. who has judgment enough to distinguish and follow the cry of the ablest dog in the pack. I would undertake for the cure. but the very moment he is discarded. and to him was wholly unaccountable. that in most herds there was a sort of ruling Yahoo (as among us there is generally some leading or principal stag in a park). indeed. that the she Yahoo would admit the males while she was pregnant. and favourites. if he had seen their filthy way of feeding. to protect himself. his successor. and ministers of state. and so his honour himself must have owned. and their custom of wallowing and sleeping in the mud. which only seizes on the lazy. His honour had further observed. cannot. both which practices were such degrees of infamous brutality. This favourite is hated by the whole herd.” As to the two former accusations.” I durst make no return to this malicious insinuation. after which he would infallibly come to himself. as fiercely as with each other. My master likewise mentioned another quality which his servants had discovered in several Yahoos. “a fancy would sometimes take a Yahoo to retire into a corner. pretend to more cleanliness.

that the rudiments of lewdness. should have place by instinct in womankind. or had been told him by others. run off into some convenient place. and chatter. would slowly retire. I expected every moment that my master would accuse the Yahoos of those unnatural appetites in both sexes. and smell her all over. and when any of the males advanced.” Perhaps my master might refine a little in these speculations. and these politer pleasures are entirely the productions of art and reason on our side of the globe. where she knew the male would follow her. “At other times. and with a counterfeit show of fear. which he had drawn from what he observed himself. it seems. that seemed to express contempt and disdain.gutenberg. at which time it was observed that she had a most offensive smell. if a female stranger came among them. censure. so common among us. using many antic gestures and grimaces. and then appear. 579 580 581 SiSU www. and grin. looking often back. has not been so expert a school-mistress. however. and hide. to gaze on the young males passing by. and scandal.Gulliver's Travels or a bush. I could not reflect without some amazement. and much sorrow. But nature. and then turn off with gestures. and stare. 169 . three or four of her own sex would get about her.

I observed the young animal's flesh to smell very rank. to make it quiet. By what I could discover. And I have reason to believe they had some imagination that I was of their own species. and I afterwards failed very narrowly. I forgot another circumstance (and perhaps I might have the reader's pardon if it were wholly omitted). when my protector was with me.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER VIII. I therefore often begged his honour to let me go among the herds of Yahoos in the neighbourhood. without whose protection I durst not undertake such adventures. and cruel. being perfectly convinced that the hatred I bore these brutes would never suffer me to be corrupted by them. by consequence. but by good fortune there was a small brook hard by. but much more disagreeable. eat several kinds 582 583 584 585 586 587 SiSU www. and scratching. a strong sorrel 170 . so it was easy to apply the character he gave of the Yahoos to myself and my countrymen. The Houyhnhnms keep the Yahoos for present use in huts not far from the house. Their general assembly. it voided its filthy excrements of a yellow liquid substance all over my clothes. and showing my naked arms and breasts in their sight. and my sorrel nag being by. insolent. and it was high time. and revengeful. which I often assisted myself by stripping up my sleeves. Yet I am of opinion. I once caught a young male of three years old. as a tame jackdaw with cap and stockings is always persecuted by the wild ones.] As I ought to have understood human nature much better than I supposed it possible for my master to do. of falling into their clutches. very honest and good-natured. [The author relates several particulars of the Yahoos. to which he always very graciously consented. They are strong and hardy. this defect arises chiefly from a perverse. and I believed I could yet make further discoveries. and endeavoured. from my own observation. but the little imp fell a squalling. where they dig up roots. they durst not venture near us. They are prodigiously nimble from their infancy. and imitate my actions after the manner of monkeys. where I washed myself as clean as I could. and biting with such violence. restive disposition. and. For I have already told the reader how much I was pestered by these odious animals. to be my guard. but finding the cub was safe (for away it ran). when he happens to be got among them. treacherous. when I happened to stray at any distance without my hanger. and his honour ordered one of his servants. three or four times. although I durst not come into my master's presence until I were sufficiently aired. but the rest are sent abroad to certain fields. by all marks of tenderness. The great virtues of the Houyhnhnms. but of a cowardly spirit. and the stink was somewhat between a weasel and a fox. that while I held the odious vermin in my hands. the Yahoos appear to be the most unteachable of all animals: their capacity never reaching higher than to draw or carry burdens. abject. The education and exercise of their youth. but ever with great signs of hatred. for they are cunning. However. for a whole troop of old ones came about us at the noise. At which times they would approach as near as they durst. malicious. It is observed.gutenberg. upon my first arrival. that I was forced to let it go. whom yet they much exceed in strength and activity. that the red haired of both sexes are more libidinous and mischievous than the rest.

if it were certain. She embraced me after a most fulsome manner. the reader. will expect that I should. or sometimes catch weasels and luhimuhs (a sort of wild rat). came running with all speed. Nature has taught them to dig deep holes with their nails on the side of a rising ground. give him some account of the manners and customs of its inhabitants.” Wherein he agreed entirely with the sentiments of Socrates.gutenberg. with the utmost reluctancy. He consented. in false or dubious propositions. as well as of mortification to myself. Being one day abroad with my protector the sorrel nag. which they greedily devour. standing behind a bank. within five yards of the place where I bathed. It happened that a young female Yahoo. as Plato delivers them. So that controversies. as the nag and I conjectured. disputes. and her countenance did not make an appearance altogether so hideous as the rest of her kind. and in things where that knowledge. could be of no use. where they often take fish. obscured. In the like manner. to cultivate reason. because reason taught us to affirm or deny only where we are certain. like other travellers. and are able to continue long under water. and the nag came galloping towards me. wranglings. and leaped upon the opposite bank. sufficient to hold two or three cubs. which it was indeed my principal study to learn. Neither is reason among them a point problematical.Gulliver's Travels of herbs. and leaped into the water. and to be wholly governed by it. whereupon she quitted her grasp. where men can argue with plausibility on both sides of the question. The nag was grazing at some distance. but black as a sloe. not suspecting any harm. are evils unknown among the Houyhnhnms. and went down softly into the stream. I remember it was with extreme difficulty that I could bring my master to understand the meaning of the word opinion. For now I could no longer deny that I was a real Yahoo in every limb and feature. which the females carry home to their young. I entreated him to let me bathe in a river that was near. wherein they lie by themselves. and inflamed by desire. and beyond our knowledge we cannot do either. They swim from their infancy like frogs. when I used to explain to him our several systems of natural 171 . Neither was the hair of this brute of a red colour (which might have been some excuse for an appetite a little irregular). 588 589 590 591 592 SiSU www. so their grand maxim is. I roared as loud as I could. as it must needs do. or how a point could be disputable. and the weather exceeding hot. where it is not mingled. and search about for carrion. This was a matter of diversion to my master and his family. as with us. upon this occasion. and have no conceptions or ideas of what is evil in a rational creature. or discoloured. As these noble Houyhnhnms are endowed by nature with a general disposition to all virtues. saw the whole proceeding. only the kennels of the females are larger. Having lived three years in this country. he would laugh. I hope the reader will pardon my relating an odd adventure. since the females had a natural propensity to me. And. as one of their own species. I was never in my life so terribly frightened. and positiveness. and I immediately stripped myself stark naked. should value itself upon the knowledge of other people's conjectures. by passion and interest. where she stood gazing and howling all the time I was putting on my clothes. but strikes you with immediate conviction. I suppose. “that a creature pretending to reason. for I think she could not be above eleven years old.

their method is admirable. and it is reason only that makes a distinction of persons. and wherever he goes. till eighteen years old. they are exactly careful to choose such colours as will not make any disagreeable mixture in the breed. when they can be best spared from work. not upon the account of love. where there is a superior degree of virtue. settlements have no place in their thoughts. except they lose one of their issue by some casualty. but to preserve the race from degenerating. or when the like accident befalls a person whose wife is past bearing. fondness. presents. and are joined. and these not confined to particular objects. Friendship and benevolence are the two principal virtues among the Houyhnhnms. was never heard of. They will have it that nature teaches them to love the whole species. is not so strictly limited upon this article: these are allowed to produce three of each sex. And I observed my master to show the same affection to his neighbour's issue. or terms whereby to express them in their language. love. but in such a case they meet again. They preserve decency and civility in the highest degrees. to prevent the country from being overburdened with numbers. which their parents likewise observe. but universal to the whole race. bred up to be servants. and how many paths of fame would be then shut up in the learned world. In their marriages. which they eat at the most convenient hours. quarrelling. But the violation of marriage. 593 594 595 596 597 SiSU www. merely because it is the determination of their parents and friends. Strength is chiefly valued in the male. for where a female happens to excel in strength. Courtship. and then go together again until the mother is pregnant. and they look upon it as one of the necessary actions of a reasonable being. In educating the youth of both sexes. for a stranger from the remotest part is equally treated with the nearest neighbour. but the care they take in educating them proceeds entirely from the dictates of reason. but are altogether ignorant of ceremony. or discontent. But the race of inferior Houyhnhnms. looks upon himself as at home. and in summer they graze two hours in the morning. and comeliness in the female.gutenberg. This caution is necessary. some other couple bestow on him one of their own colts. I have often since reflected. The young couple meet.Gulliver's Travels which I mention as the highest honour I can do that prince of philosophers. to be domestics in the noble families. jointures. and highly deserves our imitation. that he had for his own. but the servants are not allowed above half that time. When the matron Houyhnhnms have produced one of each sex. which very seldom happens. without jealousy. it is what they see done every day. and the married pair pass their lives with the same friendship and mutual benevolence. they no longer accompany with their consorts. nor milk. that they bear to all others of the same species who come in their way. but very 172 . or any other unchastity. These are not suffered to taste a grain of oats. with regard to comeliness. and a great part of their grass is brought home. except upon certain days. what destruction such doctrine would make in the libraries of Europe. and as many in the evening. a consort is chosen. They have no fondness for their colts or foals.

the servants drive a herd of Yahoos into the field. was yet a greater instance of brutality. Here likewise the regulation of children is settled: as for instance. and when they are all in a sweat. by exercising them in running races up and down steep hills. and over hard stony grounds. laden with hay. and cleanliness. after which. for fear of being noisome to the assembly. speed.gutenberg. at the vernal equinox. But the Houyhnhnms train up their youth to strength. and other feats of strength and agility. as he truly observed. and continues about five or six days. and hardiness. Four times a year the youth of a certain district meet to show their proficiency in running and leaping. to give the females a different kind of education from the males. he changes one of them with another that has two 173 . Here they inquire into the state and condition of the several districts. 598 599 600 SiSU www. and when a child has been lost by any casualty. he said. exercise. whether they abound or be deficient in hay or oats. for a repast to the Houyhnhnms. or cows. are the lessons equally enjoined to the young ones of both sexes: and my master thought it monstrous in us.Gulliver's Travels Temperance. and to trust the care of our children to such useless animals. and milk. or Yahoos. where the victor is rewarded with a song in his or her praise. and oats. which meets in a plain about twenty miles from our house. On this festival. except in some articles of domestic management. Every fourth year. whereby. these brutes are immediately driven back again. it is determined what family in the district shall breed another to supply the loss. and wherever there is any want (which is but seldom) it is immediately supplied by unanimous consent and contribution. they are ordered to leap over head and ears into a pond or river. one half of our natives were good for nothing but bringing children into the world. industry. if a Houyhnhnm has two males. where the mother is past breeding. there is a representative council of the whole nation.

whether produced by the heat of the sun upon corrupted mud and slime. and being forsaken by their companions. easily kept. about three months before my departure. [A grand debate at the general assembly of the Houyhnhnms. and degenerating by degrees. whereof he had indeed borrowed the hint from me. and that those creatures could not be yinhniamshy (or aborigines of the land). although their evil disposition sufficiently deserved. when my master proposed an expedient to the assembly. alleging. and if their braying be no agreeable sound. that he had now in his possession a certain wonderful Yahoo (meaning myself) which most of them had heard of. and commit a thousand other extravagancies. that the inhabitants. Their manner of burials. and indeed the only debate that ever happened in their country. that these Yahoos engendered. very imprudently. using them for draught and carriage. that there seemed to be much truth in this tradition. whither my master went as the representative of our district. to get rid of this evil. but that many ages ago. and deformed animals which nature ever produced. although they yield to the other in agility of body. became in process of time much more savage than those of their own species in the country whence these two originals came. The learning of the Houyhnhnms. so savage by nature. without any offensive smell. or from the ooze and froth of the sea. as an animal. in a short time. every Houyhnhnm kept two young ones in a kennel. if they were not continually watched.” He took notice of a general tradition. “whether the Yahoos should be exterminated from the face of the earth?” One of the members for the affirmative offered several arguments of great strength and weight. had been driven thither over the sea. or else they would have long since been rooted out. was never known. neglected to cultivate the breed of asses. bore 174 .gutenberg. strong enough for labour. after his return. mischievous and malicious. “that Yahoos had not been always in their country. and their brood. The defectiveness of their language. because of the violent hatred the Houyhnhnms.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER IX. which. and 601 602 603 604 605 SiSU www. it is far preferable to the horrible howlings of the Yahoos. grew so numerous as to overrun and infest the whole nation. whereof my master. In this council was resumed their old debate. had. trample down their oats and grass. taking a fancy to use the service of the Yahoos.] One of these grand assemblies was held in my time. and how it was determined. “that as the Yahoos were the most filthy. “He approved of the tradition mentioned by the honourable member who spoke before. made a general hunting. and affirmed. they would privately suck the teats of the Houyhnhnms' cows.” Several others declared their sentiments to the same purpose. which are a comely animal. that coming to land. and brought them to such a degree of tameness. give me a very particular account. and destroying the elder. they retired to the mountains. so they were the most restive and indocible. and at last enclosed the whole herd. more tame and orderly. could never have arrived at so high a degree if they had been aborigines. that the Houyhnhnms. noisome. can be capable of acquiring. kill and devour their cats. two of these brutes appeared together upon a mountain. that the two Yahoos said to be seen first among them. The question to be debated was. Their buildings. The reason of this assertion was. as well as all other animals.

are not inconvenient. at that time. but well contrived to defend them from all injuries of and heat. They calculate the year by the revolution of the sun and moon. that I had related to him the accidents which brought me thither. and the minuteness as well as exactness of their descriptions. that I spoke in a language of my own. but use no subdivisions into weeks. that. they must be allowed to excel all other mortals. of what passed in the grand council. He added. and with shorter claws.” This was all my master thought fit to tell me. as the reader will know in its proper place. in order to render them tame. wholly governed by reason. But he was pleased to conceal one particular. which related personally to myself. so they have this advantage. and whence I date all the succeeding misfortunes of my life. they have excellent medicines. which. that it was no shame to learn wisdom from brutes. that my body was all covered with an artificial composure of the skins and hairs of other animals. that when he saw me without my covering. naturally disposed to every virtue. They are well enough acquainted with the motions of those two luminaries. They have a kind of tree. Their verses abound very much in both of these. rational animal.Gulliver's Travels many of them had seen. as the Yahoos of their country were to me. would in an age put an end to the whole species. that in the mean time the Houyhnhnms should be exhorted to cultivate the breed of asses. the historical part is easily preserved without burdening their memories. only of a whiter colour. as they are in all respects more valuable brutes. But there happening few events of any moment among a people so well united. although very rude and simple. Their buildings. However. among other things. how I had endeavoured to persuade him. and cut off from all commerce with other nations. He then related to them how he first found me. which besides rendering them tractable and fitter for use. only a little more civilized by some tincture of reason. whereof I soon felt the unhappy effect. to be fit for service at five years old. I was an exact Yahoo in every part.gutenberg. that in my own and other countries. that the operation was easy and safe. and this is the utmost progress of their astronomy. without destroying life. the Yahoos acted as the governing. that this invention might be practised upon the younger Yahoos here. that he observed in me all the qualities of a Yahoo. however. was in a degree as far inferior to the Houyhnhnm race. I have already observed that they are subject to no diseases. The Houyhnhnms have no letters. and had thoroughly learned theirs. composed of herbs. although it be a much larger fowl). less hairy. and building by the swallow (for so I translate the word lyhannh. In poetry. and consequently their knowledge is all traditional. are indeed inimitable. wherein the justness of their similes. which. and held the Houyhnhnms in servitude. I mentioned a custom we had of castrating Houyhnhnms when they were young. and understand the nature of 175 . which at forty years old loosens in the root. as well as other maims and hurts in the several parts of the body. by sharp stones. which the others are not till twelve. as industry is taught by the ant. and falls with the first 606 607 608 609 SiSU www. to cure accidental bruises and cuts in the pastern or frog of the foot. and usually contain either some exalted notions of friendship and benevolence or the praises of those who were victors in races and other bodily exercises. and therefore can have no need of physicians.

upon some affair of importance: on the day fixed. With tools made of these flints. they feel a gradual decay. that serve instead of wedges. happened that very morning to shnuwnh.gutenberg. upon long journeys. a stone that cuts their feet. she made two excuses. between them. they die only of old age. which vehicle they use. who. She died about three months after. the Yahoos draw home the sheaves in carriages. a continuance of foul or unseasonable weather. an omission of a child. she behaved herself at our house as cheerfully as the rest. they form into instruments. Some weeks before their death. was. the mistress and her two children came very late. and I observed. The Houyhnhnms use the hollow part. or when they are lamed by any accident: and therefore when the dying Houyhnhnms return those visits. that the Houyhnhnms have no word in their language to express any thing that is evil. The roof is made after the same manner. they likewise cut their hay. and so are the doors. They milk their cows. which is kept in stores. nor does the dying person discover the least regret that he is leaving the world. except what they borrow from the deformities or ill qualities of the Yahoos. their friends and relations expressing neither joy nor grief at their departure. about ten days before their death. If they can avoid casualties. and being pointed like stakes with a sharp stone (for the Houyhnhnms know not the use of iron). as if they were going to some remote part of the country. and do all the work which requires hands. being carried in a convenient sledge drawn by Yahoos. which. but without pain. and reap their oats. not only upon this occasion. The word is strongly expressive in their language. as we do our hands. where they designed to pass the rest of their lives. reap their oats. very seldom to fourscore. that her husband dying late in the morning. they take a solemn leave of their friends. between the pastern and the hoof of their forefoot. or seventy-five years. which they seldom fail in computing. During this time they are much visited by their friends. they stick them erect in the ground. because they cannot go abroad with their usual ease and satisfaction. but not easily rendered into English. 610 611 612 613 SiSU www. but when they grow old. and this with greater dexterity than I could at first imagine. by grinding against other stones. and then weave in oat straw. and bake the former in the sun. any more than if he were upon returning home from a visit to one of his neighbours. Thus they denote the folly of a servant. I have seen a white mare of our family thread a needle (which I lent her on purpose) with that joint. and are buried in the obscurest places that can be found. first for her husband. They make a rude kind of earthen and wooden vessels. in the same manner. she was a good while consulting her servants about a convenient place where his body should be laid. and the servants tread them in certain covered huts to get out the grain. “to retire to his first mother. I remember my master having once made an appointment with a friend and his family to come to his house.Gulliver's Travels storm: it grows very straight. as she said. axes. and hammers. they return the visits that have been made them by those who are nearest in the neighbourhood. They live generally to seventy. about ten inches asunder. They have a kind of hard flints. which there grow naturally in several fields. or sometimes wattles. However.” Her excuse for not coming sooner. I know not whether it may be worth 176 . it signifies.

and. with great pleasure. hhnm Yahoo. proceed to relate my own sad catastrophe. whnaholm 177 . 614 SiSU www. I refer the reader thither. and an ill-contrived house ynholmhnmrohlnw Yahoo.gutenberg. by adding to each the epithet of Yahoo. enlarge further upon the manners and virtues of this excellent people. but intending in a short time to publish a volume by itself.Gulliver's Travels and the like. in the mean time. I could. ynlhmndwihlma Yahoo. expressly upon that subject. For instance.

robbers. I never presumed to speak. after their manner. drunkards. No man could more verify the truth of these two maxims. the skin of which is covered with a fine down. and covered with rush-mats of my own contriving. axes. which there grows wild. about the same size. or dancing-masters. flattering. Of these I also made very tolerable stockings. this I filled with the feathers of several birds I had taken with springes made of Yahoos' hairs. no leaders. and made of it a sort of ticking. and fitted to the upper-leather. I wanted no fence against fraud or oppression: here was neither physician to destroy my body. When my clothes were worn to rags.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER X. or followers. overbearing. “That necessity is the mother of invention. noisy.” and. which I mingled with water. of party and faction. I had beaten hemp. expensive wives. no ranting. [The author's economy. or ate with my bread. but submits. bullies. I had also sometimes the honour of attending my master in his visits to others. no encouragers to vice. splenetics. I soled my shoes with wood. and when this was worn out. among the Houyhnhnms. and happy life. who came to visit or dine with my master. The author has notice given him by his master. bawds. vanity. but I was infinitely delighted with the station of an humble auditor 615 616 617 618 SiSU www. about six yards from the house: the sides and floors of which I plastered with clay. nor the injuries of a secret or open enemy. I had the favour of being admitted to several Houyhnhnms. backbiters. no fops. no scoundrels raised from the dust upon the merit of their vices. roaring. or nobility thrown into it on account of their virtues. conceited. proud pedants. tedious talkers. Their conversations. housebreakers. fiddlers. wits. to procure the favour of any great man. gibbets. that he must depart from the country. or forge accusations against me for hire: here were no gibers. and listen to their discourse. I did not feel the treachery or inconstancy of a friend. and then I did it with inward regret. called nnuhnoh. controvertists. His great improvement in virtue by conversing with them. virtuosos.gutenberg. buffoons. I often got honey out of hollow trees. I had worked two chairs with my knife. lewd. and were excellent food. whipping-posts. Both he and his company would often descend to ask me questions. which I cut from a tree. except in answer to a question. no stupid. attorneys. no cheating shopkeepers or mechanics. pickpockets. I made myself others with the skins of rabbits. strolling whores. I had no occasion of bribing. no dungeon. “That nature is very easily satisfied. the sorrel nag helping me in the grosser and more laborious part. nor lawyer to ruin my fortune. or affectation. He contrives and finishes a canoe by the help of a fellow-servant. no informer to watch my words and actions. quarrelsome. and of a certain beautiful animal. no lords. and receive my answers. by seducement or examples. gamesters. politicians. and puts to sea at a venture. censurers.” I enjoyed perfect health of body. swearing companions. no importunate. and tranquillity of mind.] I had settled my little economy to my own heart's content. I supplied it with the skins of Yahoos dried in the sun. empty. no pride. He falls into a swoon for grief. where his honour graciously suffered me to wait in the room. or poxes. judges. 178 . My master had ordered a room to be made for me. highwaymen. because it was a loss of so much time for improving myself. or pimping. or pillories. ravishers. or of his minion.

or the human race in general. and from hearing the discourses of him and his friends. upon the unerring rules of reason. He went through all our vices and follies. and speed of the inhabitants. that his honour. and such a constellation of virtues. that all the little knowledge I have of any value.gutenberg. where there was no interruption. Their subjects are. in a manner not very advantageous to humankind: and for that reason I shall not repeat what they said. which I had never mentioned to him. or ancient traditions. without the least degree of ceremony. “how vile. where. in a blunt way. and my friends often tell me. “that I trot like a horse. for during those little intermissions of talk. and was mingled with a respectful love and gratitude. heat. was acquired by the lectures I received from my master. which very much enlivened the discourse. than to improve and multiply those vices whereof their brethren in this country had only the share that nature allotted them. that they would condescend to distinguish me from the rest of my species. a short silence does much improve conversation: this I found to be true. appeared to understand the nature of Yahoos much better than myself. in such amiable persons. that in speaking I am apt to fall into the voice and manner of the Houyhnhnms. At first.” I freely confess. only I may be allowed to observe. comeliness. the greatest decency was observed. as they really were. with too much probability. which the Yahoos and all other animals bear toward them. Yahoos in shape and disposition. I turned away my face in horror and detestation of myself. expressed in the fewest and most significant words. I fell to imitate their gait and gesture. my friends. that when people are met together. Neither shall I disown. and qualified with the gift of speech. and looking upon them with delight.Gulliver's Travels in such conversations. and discovered many. with a small proportion of reason. I take for a great compliment. without vanity. upon which they were all pleased to descant. by only supposing what qualities a Yahoo of their country. When I happened to behold the reflection of my own form in a lake or fountain. I may add. I admired the strength. and hear myself ridiculed on that account. where no person spoke without being pleased himself. 179 . such a creature must be. perhaps a little more civilized. than to dictate to the greatest and wisest assembly in Europe. generally on friendship and benevolence. and concluded. but it grew upon me by decrees. They have a notion. upon the bounds and limits of virtue. I considered them. I did not feel that natural awe. but making no other use of reason. as I have already said. and pleasing his companions. to my great admiration. because it afforded my master an occasion of letting his friends into the history of me and my country. When I thought of my family. my countrymen. or difference of sentiments. sometimes upon the visible operations of nature. By conversing with the Houyhnhnms. which is now grown into a habit. much sooner than I imagined. produced in me the highest veneration. tediousness. however.” which. and could better endure the sight of a common Yahoo than of my own person. as well as miserable. or upon some determinations to be taken at the next great assembly: and often upon the various excellences of poetry. 619 620 SiSU www. new ideas would arise in their minds. to which I should be prouder to listen. that my presence often gave them sufficient matter for discourse. where nothing passed but what was useful. on order and economy. might be capable of exerting. without the least mortification.

and being unable to support the agonies I was under. “that death would have been too great a happiness. that might carry me on the sea. that such a practice was not agreeable to reason or nature. “that for his own part. or exhorted. and probably the nearest land to theirs might be distant above a hundred: that many materials. to imitate the Houyhnhnms. in my weak and corrupt 180 .” My master added. that a decree of the general assembly in this country is expressed by the word hnhloayn. yet. by endeavouring. although I concluded the thing to be impossible. or command me to swim back to the place whence I came: that the first of these expedients was utterly rejected by all the Houyhnhnms who had ever seen me at his house or their own. he told me “that he concluded I had been dead. and at a loss how to begin what he had to speak. however. “that he was daily pressed by the Houyhnhnms of the neighbourhood to have the assembly's exhortation executed. I thought it might consist with reason to have been less rigorous. When I came to myself. and therefore wished I would contrive some sort of vehicle.gutenberg. “he did not know how I would take what he was going to say: that in the last general assembly. that the certain prospect of an unnatural death was the 621 622 623 624 SiSU www. that I could not swim a league. the assembly did therefore exhort him either to employ me like the rest of my species. I observed by his countenance that he was in some perplexity. when the affair of the Yahoos was entered upon. as far as my inferior nature was capable. and therefore looked on myself as already devoted to destruction.” He concluded. more like a Houyhnhnm than a brute animal. in which work I should have the assistance of his own servants.” for these people are subject to no such imbecilities of nature. my master sent for me one morning a little earlier than his usual hour. he could have been content to keep me in his service as long as I lived. which he could not put off much longer. and averse from labour. and when I looked upon myself to be fully settled for life. that he was known frequently to converse with me. were wholly wanting in this country. in obedience and gratitude to his honour. the representatives had taken offence at his keeping a Yahoo (meaning myself) in his family. as near as I can render it. necessary for making a small vessel to carry me off. I fell into a swoon at his feet. added to the natural pravity of those animals. that although I could not blame the assembly's exhortation. because no person can disobey reason. or a thing ever heard of before among them. I was struck with the utmost grief and despair at my master's discourse. it was to be feared I might be able to seduce them into the woody and mountainous parts of the country.” I should here observe to the reader.Gulliver's Travels In the midst of all this happiness. without giving up his claim to be a rational creature. for they have no conception how a rational creature can be compelled. and bring them in troops by night to destroy the Houyhnhnms' cattle. resembling those I had described to him. because he found I had cured myself of some bad habits and dispositions. as well as those of his neighbours. which signifies an exhortation. which. He doubted it would be impossible for me to swim to another country. he told me. After a short silence. I would attempt. or the urgency of his friends. that because I had some rudiments of reason. for they alleged. I answered in a faint voice. as if he could receive some advantage or pleasure in my company. as being naturally of the ravenous kind. but only advised.

to a wooden handle. and the day came for my departure. I considered no further. so he could not be as expert in distinguishing remote objects at sea. for want of examples to lead and keep me within the paths of virtue? that I knew too well upon what solid reasons all the determinations of the wise Houyhnhnms were founded. After I had discovered this island. but resolved it should if possible. under the conduct of the sorrel nag and another servant. My sail was likewise composed of the skins of the same animal. “that his help would be sufficient. I tried my canoe in a large pond. and able to bear me and my freight. let it suffice to say.” In his company. about the thickness of a walking-staff. but I made use of the youngest I could get. and ordered the sorrel nag. and looking on every side into the sea. and he with a sharp flint. where I with my knife. we went into a copse at some distance. and relapsing into my old corruptions. to follow my instruction. stopping all the chinks with Yahoos' 181 . I finished a sort of Indian canoe. the older being too tough and thick. one filled with milk and the other with water. I took leave of my master and 625 626 627 628 629 630 SiSU www.” My master. supposing I should escape with life by some strange adventure. in a few words. fastened very artificially after their manner. leaving the consequence to fortune. as I computed. because I told my master. for.gutenberg. when it was as complete as I could possibly make it. at this distance. fancied I saw a small island toward the north-east. and consulting with the sorrel nag. and then corrected in it what was amiss. by celebrating the praises of the renowned Houyhnhnms. I returned home. as we who so much converse in that element. and desiring a reasonable time for so difficult a work. and some larger pieces. and I likewise provided myself with four paddles. But I shall not trouble the reader with a particular description of my own mechanics. allowed me the space of two months to finish my boat. till I found it staunch. but much larger. how could I think with temper of passing my days among Yahoos. who performed the parts that required most labour. be the first place of my banishment. was not without hopes of being useful to my own species. and proposing their virtues to the imitation of mankind. but it appeared to the sorrel nag to be only a blue cloud: for as he had no conception of any country beside his own. of rabbits and fowls. a miserable Yahoo. I had it drawn on a carriage very gently by Yahoos to the sea-side. and if ever I returned to England. and therefore. I got upon a height. and could then clearly distinguish it above five leagues off. I laid in a stock of boiled flesh. I may presume to call him). near my master's house. covering it with the skins of Yahoos. that in six weeks time with the help of the sorrel nag. after presenting him with my humble thanks for the offer of his servants' assistance in making a vessel. my first business was to go to that part of the coast where my rebellious crew had ordered me to be set on shore. my fellow-servant (for so. I told him I would endeavour to preserve a wretched being. I took out my pocket glass. When all was ready. well stitched together with hempen threads of my own making. not to be shaken by arguments of mine.Gulliver's Travels least of my evils. cut down several oak wattles. made me a very gracious reply. and. and took with me two vessels. and I knew he had a tenderness for me.

they would soon change their opinion. if these censurers were better acquainted with the noble and courteous disposition of the Houyhnhnms. (if I may speak without vanity. out of curiosity. that so illustrious a person should descend to give so great a mark of distinction to a creature so inferior as I. 631 SiSU www.Gulliver's Travels lady and the whole family. I paid my respects to the rest of the Houyhnhnms in his honour's company. was determined to see me in my canoe. But his honour. my eyes flowing with tears. and.gutenberg. I was forced to wait above an hour for the tide. Neither have I forgotten how apt some travellers are to boast of extraordinary favours they have received.) partly out of 182 . I pushed off from shore. I am not ignorant how much I have been censured for mentioning this last particular. Detractors are pleased to think it improbable. then getting into my canoe. he did me the honour to raise it gently to my mouth. perhaps. and then observing the wind very fortunately bearing toward the island to which I intended to steer my course. But. and my heart quite sunk with grief. and got several of his neighbouring friends to accompany him. I took a second leave of my master: but as I was going to prostrate myself to kiss his hoof.

I made use at first only of my paddles. hoping to reach the south-west coast of New Holland. I could at least enjoy my own thoughts. which I soon reached. which thought I communicated many years ago to my worthy friend. yet I resolved to steer my course eastward. how the sailors told me. The author arrives at England. I could plainly discover land to the 183 . For in such a solitude as I desired. I ventured to set up my little sail. and reflect with delight on the virtues of those inimitable Houyhnhnms. I saw no inhabitants in the place where I landed. not daring to kindle a fire. Is seized and carried by force into a Portuguese ship. to discover some small island uninhabited. hoping to settle there. however. when I spied a very small island about half a league off. at nine o'clock in the morning. that the maps and charts place this country at least three degrees more to the east than it really is. It was nothing but a rock. majah Yahoo. than to be first minister in the politest court of Europe. and perhaps some such island as I desired lying westward of it. with one creek naturally arched by the force of tempests. without an opportunity of degenerating into the vices and corruptions of my own species. Here I put in my canoe. “that they knew not in what part of the world we were. as I gathered from some general words I overheard among them. “Hnuy illa nyha. for fear of being discovered by the natives. I was afraid of venturing far into the country.” My design was. and repeating my voyage early in the morning. I continued three 632 633 634 635 636 637 SiSU www. 1714-15. extending from south to north. and climbing a part of the rock. I arrived in seven hours to the south-east point of New Holland. gentle Yahoo. and gave him my reasons for it. Herman Moll. and that the wind might chop about. yet sufficient. and confined me to my cabin.gutenberg. And although this were little better than conjecture. I went at the rate of a league and a half an hour. The wind was very favourable. whether true or false. although he has rather chosen to follow other authors. so horrible was the idea I conceived of returning to live in the society. to furnish me with the necessaries of life. which I would have thought a greater happiness. This confirmed me in the opinion I have long entertained. I lay all night in my canoe. or about 45 degrees southern latitude. how I continued there several weeks without knowing what course we took. The reader may remember what I related. and ate them raw. with oaths. [The author's dangerous voyage. and being unarmed. and thus.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER XI. as near as I could guess.” However. by my labour.” “Take care of thyself. and by six in the evening I computed I had gone eastward at least eighteen leagues. The wind was full west. and I often heard the sorrel nag (who always loved me) crying out. I did then believe us to be about 10 degrees southward of the Cape of Good Hope. and when I was put ashore in the long-boat. My master and his friends continued on the shore till I was almost out of sight. I found some shellfish on the shore. but considering I should soon be weary. if possible. when my crew conspired against me. Is wounded with an arrow by one of the natives. Mr. The great civilities of the captain. and under the government of Yahoos.] I began this desperate voyage on February 15. with the help of the tide. He arrives at New Holland. being I supposed to the south-east in their intended voyage to Madagascar.

women. and hid myself behind a stone by the little brook. One of the seamen. and saw by my complexion I must be a European. The seamen at their landing observed my canoe. The ship came within half a league of this creek. and I fortunately found a brook of excellent water. I saw a sail to the north-north-east. I apprehended the arrow might be poisoned. I was not a native of the place. and at the same time fell a-laughing at my strange tone in speaking. I was at a loss what to do. One of them spied me. as I could discover by the smoke. though very gentle. but I did not observe it. observing me retreat. and children. five of them advanced toward me. however. easily conjectured that the owner could not be far off. desiring to know. who all go naked. which gave me great relief. “I was a poor Yahoo banished from the Houyhnhnms. which resembled the neighing of a horse. since I meant them no harm. ran after me: and before I could get far enough into the sea. and sent her long boat with vessels to take in fresh water (for the place. but stood to the north. but was a poor Yahoo seeking some desolate place where to pass the remainder of his 638 639 640 SiSU www. I understood that language very well. I sailed and paddled together to the south. whence I came about five years ago. I told them “I was born in England. but were at a loss to know what I meant by Yahoos and Houyhnhnms. and getting upon my feet. and my furred stockings. till at last they found me flat on my face behind the stone. and then their country and ours were at peace. and gave notice to the rest. and paddling out of the reach of their darts (being a calm day). and got into the same creek whence I set out in the morning. but at last my detestation of the Yahoo race prevailed: and turning my canoe.gutenberg. choosing rather to trust myself among these barbarians. Four of them. to save my own provisions. I made what haste I could to the shore. venturing out early a little too far. and. was against me. I saw twenty or thirty natives upon a height not above five hundred yards from me. and dress it as well as I could. and rummaging it all over. was excellent water. shoved off: the savages. getting into my canoe. and asked who I was. till the boat was almost on shore.Gulliver's Travels days feeding on oysters and limpets. well armed. which appearing every minute more visible. On the fourth day. I trembled all the while betwixt fear and hatred. I was in some doubt whether I should wait for them or not. As I was looking about for a secure landing-place. in Portuguese. I made a shift to suck the wound. and was forced to paddle. as I have already said. it seems. and it was too late to seek another 184 . said. but they laid hold of me. my wooden-soled shoes. I again desired leave to depart. “what country I was of? whence I came?” with many other questions. blowing north. leaving the women and children at the fire.west.” They admired to hear me answer them in their own tongue. They were stark naked. men. and desired they would please to let me depart. than live with European Yahoos. and was gently moving to my canoe. discharged an arrow which wounded me deeply on the inside of my left knee: I shall carry the mark to my grave. for the wind. round a fire. my coat made of skins. searched every cranny and lurking-hole. bid me rise. They gazed awhile in admiration at my strange uncouth dress. they concluded. I therefore hoped they would not treat me as an enemy. whence. which. was very well known). for I durst not return to the same landing-place. I drew up my canoe as close as I could to the shore.

net 185 . and having informed the captain. for it appeared to me as monstrous as if a dog or a cow should speak in England. The honest Portuguese were equally amazed at my strange dress. that I wondered to find such civilities from a Yahoo. or a Yahoo in Houyhnhnmland.” and spoke so very movingly. “I had almost forgot what he meant by falsehood. heaved me into the boat. I remained silent and sullen. All which he looked upon as if it were a dream or a vision. and in half an hour stole out. when I thought the crew was at dinner. their disposition of suspecting truth in others of their own species.” and spoke so many obliging things. However. I thought it best to comply with their proposal. I was chained to my cabin. however. in all countries where they preside. But one of the seamen prevented me. and getting to the side of the ship. was going to leap into the sea. and some excellent wine. whence I was taken into the ship. but lay on the bed-clothes. which went laden with vessels of water. They spoke to me with great humanity.gutenberg. and receive his orders. returned. with the captain's command to fetch me on board. having tied me with cords.” The captain. Don Pedro came to me. At last I desired something to eat out of my own canoe. and if I had lived a thousand years in Houyhnhnmland. of the conspiracy against me by my own men. and said. but all was in vain. which. so peculiar to Yahoos. said. they would secure me by force. but I gave them very little satisfaction. after many endeavours to catch me tripping in some part of 641 642 643 644 SiSU www. that two of the seamen would go back to the ship. I asked him. but.Gulliver's Travels unfortunate life. In two hours the boat. inform the captain of what they had seen. His name was Pedro de Mendez. in return for his favours. I was ready to faint at the very smell of him and his men. “they were sure the captain would carry me gratis to Lisbon. a wise man. assured me. and. and of my five years residence there. and thence into the captain's cabin. rather than continue among Yahoos.” When they began to talk. unless I would give my solemn oath not to fly. however. whence I might return to my own country. they understood very well. whereat I took great offence. that at last I descended to treat him like an animal which had some little portion of reason. he was a very courteous and generous person. “I should be used as well as himself. that I was altogether indifferent whether he believed me or not. He entreated me to give some account of myself. and desired to know my reason for so desperate an attempt. and then he might easily discover the truth. I would not undress myself. as to answer any objection he would please to make. in the mean time. They were very curious to know my story. and swim for my life. and desired to know what I would eat or drink. “he only meant to do me all the service he was able. consequently. I fell on my knees to preserve my liberty. I would give so much allowance to the corruption of his nature. I thought I never heard or saw any thing more unnatural. and then directed that I should be put to bed in a very clean cabin. and the odd manner of delivering my words. I gave him a very short relation of my voyage. for I had quite forgot the faculty of lying. and the men. of the country where they set me on shore. but he ordered me a chicken. “whether it were the custom in his country to say the thing which was not?” I assured him. After dinner. I should never have heard a lie from the meanest servant. and they all conjectured that my misfortunes had impaired my reason.

without attempting any thing against my life. but at the same time protested. and washed them myself. and pass my time in a manner as recluse as I pleased. which I aired for twenty-four hours before I would use them. but I would not suffer the tailor to take my measure. “that since I professed so inviolable an attachment to truth. and offered to lend me the best suit of clothes he had. But the greatest part of the day I confined myself to my cabin. I only desired he would lend me two clean shirts. that I ventured to look out of the back window.Gulliver's Travels my story. or sometimes with tobacco. rather than return to live among Yahoos. “there was an English ship in the port just ready to sail. finding I could not do better.gutenberg. “that I ought to return to my native country. which. 645 646 647 648 649 SiSU 186 . and live at home with my wife and children. at his earnest request. abhorring to cover myself with any thing that had been on the back of a Yahoo. Don Pedro. I must give him my word and honour to bear him company in this voyage. whence I peeped into the street. which he suffered to pass without observation. and at my earnest request he led me up to the highest room backwards. at last began to have a better opinion of my veracity. to avoid seeing any of the crew. nor above three servants. because the least hint of such a story would not only draw numbers of people to see me. I was at last bold enough to walk the street in his company. But he added. He said. 1715. the captain forced me to cover myself with his cloak. By degrees I was brought into another room. although it often broke out. or burnt by the Inquisition. and my contradictions. but my hatred and contempt seemed to increase. to prevent the rabble from crowding about me. they fitted me well enough. I sometimes sat with him. added to very good human understanding. none of which were suffered to attend at meals. but probably put me in danger of being imprisoned. In gratitude to the captain. I left Lisbon the 24th day of November.” I complied at last. but kept my nose well stopped with rue. however. that I really began to tolerate his company. “that I would suffer the greatest hardships. all new. or else he would continue me a prisoner till we arrived at Lisbon. Nov. These I changed every second day.” The captain persuaded me to accept a suit of clothes newly made. as a matter of honour and conscience. Don Pedro being almost of my size. He accoutred me with other necessaries. I found my terror gradually lessened. In ten days. to whom I had given some account of my domestic affairs. 5. put it upon me. In a week's time he seduced me down to the door. but I might command in my own house. I believed would not so much defile me. and his whole deportment was so obliging. At our landing.” He told me. “it was altogether impossible to find such a solitary island as I desired to live in. having been washed since he wore them. I conjured him “to conceal from all persons what I had told him of the Houyhnhnms. and he would furnish me with all things necessary. and strove to conceal my antipathy against human kind. He gained so far upon me. but drew my head back in a fright.” Our voyage passed without any considerable accident. I was conveyed to his own house.” It would be tedious to repeat his arguments. The captain had no wife.” I gave him the promise he required. The captain had often entreated me to strip myself of my savage dress. We arrived at Lisbon. This I would not be prevailed on to accept.

it is five years since my last return to England. pretending I was sick. because they concluded me certainly dead. I converse with them at least four hours every day. for I feel my spirits revived by the smell he contracts in the stable. and horror. it struck me with the utmost shame. the groom is my greatest favourite. My horses understand me tolerably well. at which. and kissed me. disgust. they live in great amity with me and friendship to each other. They are strangers to bridle or saddle. The first money I laid out was to buy two young stone-horses. much less could I suffer them to eat in the same room. I could not endure my wife or children in my presence. about nine in the morning. and lent me twenty pounds. yet my memory and imagination were perpetually filled with the virtues and ideas of those exalted Houyhnhnms. 650 651 The original editions and Hawksworth's have Rotherhith here. and at three in the afternoon I got safe to my house at Rotherhith. and to converse with Don Pedro de Mendez. and next to 187 . by reflecting on the near alliance I had to them. which I bore as well as I could. and the more. having not been used to the touch of that odious animal for so many years. or drink out of the same cup. 7 SiSU www. During the first year. I had compelled myself to tolerate the sight of Yahoos. kept close in my cabin. He took kind leave of me. and contempt.gutenberg. For although. Don Pedro accompanied me to the ship. my wife took me in her arms. confusion. which I keep in a good stable. On the fifth of December. and embraced me at parting. we cast anchor in the Downs. As soon as I entered the house. At the time I am writing. neither was I ever able to let one of them take me by the hand. During this last voyage I had no commerce with the master or any of his men. but who was the master I never inquired. by copulating with one of the Yahoo species I had become a parent of more. since my unfortunate exile from the Houyhnhnm country. but I must freely confess the sight of them filled me only with hatred. 1715. though earlier in the work. but.7 My wife and family received me with great surprise and joy. I fell into a swoon for almost an hour. the very smell of them was intolerable. Redriff is said to have been Gulliver's home in England. To this hour they dare not presume to touch my bread. And when I began to consider that.Gulliver's Travels in an English merchantman.

justle me out of vogue. are sunk into oblivion by the weight and bulk of those who come last. while I retain in my mind the lectures and example of my noble master and the other illustrious Houyhnhnms of whom I had so long the honour to be an humble hearer. It is easy for us who travel into remote countries. Whereas a traveller's chief aim should be to make men wiser and better. but I rather chose to relate plain matter of fact. nor indeed any other talent. that writers of travels.] Thus. and concludes. it has given me a great disgust against this part of reading. that all he intended to print was absolutely true to the best of his knowledge. may. that every traveller. to form descriptions of wonderful animals both at sea and land. and not to amuse thee. I could heartily wish a law was enacted. I have perused several books of travels with great delight in my younger days. and to improve their minds by the bad. Therefore. I imposed on myself. that such travellers. His design in publishing this work. as it usually is. The author takes his last leave of the reader. before he were permitted to publish his voyages. making 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 SiSU www. perhaps. because my principal design was to inform. example of what they deliver concerning foreign places. in the simplest manner and style.Gulliver's Travels CHAPTER XII. I know likewise. gives good advice. since my acquaintance were pleased to think my poor endeavours might not be unacceptable to my country. mendacemque improba finget. gentle reader.Nec si miserum Fortuna Sinonem Finxit. but having since gone over most parts of the globe. The right of the crown to those countries described by the author is justified. I have given thee a faithful history of my travels for sixteen years and above seven months: wherein I have not been so studious of ornament as of truth. An objection answered. [The author's veracity. vanum 188 . The difficulty of conquering them. as a maxim never to be swerved from. His censure of those travellers who swerve from the truth. impose the grossest falsities on the unwary reader. while some writers. and therefore lie uppermost. . except a good memory. should be obliged to make oath before the Lord High Chancellor. His native country commended. and adding many new discoveries of their own. or an exact journal. by detecting my errors (if there be any). to make their works pass the better upon the public. for then the world would no longer be deceived. and been able to contradict many fabulous accounts from my own observation. neither indeed can I be ever under the least temptation to vary from it. like dictionary-makers. like others. and some indignation to see the credulity of mankind so impudently abused. as well as good. who shall hereafter visit the countries described in this work of mine. I could. have astonished thee with strange improbable tales. And it is highly probable.gutenberg. and stand in my place. The author clears himself from any sinister ends in writing. which are seldom visited by Englishmen or other Europeans. how little reputation is to be got by writings which require neither genius nor learning. proposes his manner of living for the future. The method of planting colonies. that I would strictly adhere to truth. I know very well.

for they would well deserve the character given to Augustus. Besides. where we have not the least interest. are hardly worth the charge of a fleet and army to reduce them. I am not a little pleased that this work of mine can possibly meet with no censurers: for what objections can be made against a writer. I rather wish they were in a capacity.” But I doubt whether our conquests in the countries I treat of would be as easy as those of Ferdinando Cortez over the naked Americans. would amply supply all defects in the military art. to have given in a memorial to a secretary of state at my first coming over. or possibly give the least offence. justice. chastity. I could never give my advice for invading them. I write for the noblest end. fortitude. and their love of their country. I cannot be altogether disappointed. temperance. The Lilliputians. Observers. who relates only plain facts.gutenberg. supposing myself to be a minister of state. friendship. will never be able to find matter for exercising their talents. because. overturning the carriages. Considerers. whose wise maxims in morality and government it would be our happiness to observe. and I question whether it might be prudent or safe to attempt the Brobdingnagians. Their prudence. truth. The Houyhnhnms indeed appear not to be so well prepared for war. and are to be met with in modern. pretend to some superiority. governing animal of his country? I shall say nothing of those remote nations where Yahoos preside. whatever lands are discovered by a subject belong to the crown. Remarkers. and rather leave the judicious reader to his own remarks and application. instead of proposals for conquering that magnanimous nation. But. among which the least corrupted are the Brobdingnagians. by teaching us the first principles of honour. that happened in such distant countries. I never suffer a word to pass that may look like reflection. or number of men. I write without any view to profit or praise. I think. to inform and instruct mankind. with respect either to trade or negotiations? I have carefully avoided every fault with which common writers of travels are often too justly charged. without being ashamed of his own vices. unacquaintedness with fear. over whom I may. confounding the ranks. to send a sufficient number of their inhabitants for civilizing Europe. But I forbear descanting further. as a subject of England. For who can read of the virtues I have mentioned in the glorious Houyhnhnms. if I wrote for fame: but as my sole intention was the public good. Detectors. benevolence. when he considers himself as the reasoning. without breach of modesty. This indeed would be too great a mortification. and especially against missive weapons. as well as ancient authors. which I 659 660 SiSU www. public spirit. I confess. Reflectors. prejudice. So that I hope I may with justice pronounce myself an author perfectly blameless. or disposition. or whether an English army would be much at their ease with the Flying Island over their heads.Gulliver's Travels the world forget that ever I was an author. against whom the tribes of Answerers. even to those who are most ready to take it. from the advantages I received by conversing so long among the most accomplished Houyhnhnms. unanimity. Recalcitrat undique tutus. battering the warriors' faces into mummy by terrible yerks from their hinder hoofs. a science to which they are perfect strangers. Imagine twenty thousand of them breaking into the midst of an European army. and fidelity. “that I was bound in duty. or ill-will against any man. I meddle not the least with any party. However. but write without passion. The names of all which virtues are still retained among us in most languages. it was whispered to me. 189 .

a crew of pirates are driven by a storm they know not whither. and the honour of the king their master. But I had another reason. it never came once into my thoughts. the natives driven out or destroyed. and if it had. does by no means affect the British nation. if those whom it more concerns think fit to be of another opinion. at length a boy discovers land from the topmast. unless a dispute may arise concerning the two Yahoos.gutenberg. I did humbly conceive. their princes tortured to discover their gold. silver. yet. they go on shore to rob and plunder. Having thus answered the only objection that can ever be raised against me as a traveller. their caution in stocking their provinces with people of sober lives and conversations from this the mother kingdom. But. as to the formality of taking possession in my sovereign's name. I am ready to depose. is far as I shall find them docible animals. and thus. who may be an example to the whole world for their wisdom. to behold my figure often in a glass. to lament the brutality to Houyhnhnms in my own country. to apply those excellent lessons of virtue which I learned among the Houyhnhnms. for a sample. their choice of devout and able pastors to propagate Christianity. if possible. care. they were by no means proper objects of our zeal. but always treat their persons with 661 662 663 664 665 SiSU www. to crown all. the earth reeking with the blood of its inhabitants: and this execrable crew of butchers. and. which made me less forward to enlarge his majesty's dominions by my discoveries. bring away a couple more. But as those countries which I have described do not appear to have any desire of being conquered and enslaved. have put it off to a better opportunity. utter strangers to corruption.Gulliver's Travels am able to assert from my own small reading. I here take a final leave of all my courteous readers. who have no other views than the happiness of the people over whom they preside. are entertained with kindness. I confess. when I shall be lawfully called. their strict regard to the distribution of justice. return home. Ships are sent with the first opportunity. I mean. employed in so pious an expedition. to instruct the Yahoos of my own family. said to have been seen many years ago upon a mountain in Houyhnhnmland. by 190 . or our interest. for a memorial. and justice in planting colonies. However. in point of prudence and self-preservation. they take formal possession of it for their king. they give the country a new name. or tobacco. For instance. or a stone. as my affairs then stood. sugar. they see a harmless people. if the inhabitants ought to be believed. is a modern colony. habituate myself by time to tolerate the sight of a human creature. and return to enjoy my own speculations in my little garden at Redriff. a free license given to all acts of inhumanity and lust. they set up a rotten plank. To say the truth. nor abound either in gold. murdered or driven out by colonies. our valour. their liberal endowments for the advancement of religion and learning. they murder two or three dozen of the natives. I had conceived a few scruples with relation to the distributive justice of princes upon those occasions. and get their pardon. by sending the most vigilant and virtuous governors. in supplying the civil administration through all their colonies with officers of the greatest abilities. that no European did ever visit those countries before me. sent to convert and civilize an idolatrous and barbarous people! But this description. Here commences a new dominion acquired with a title by divine right. I should perhaps.

could plainly observe some rudiments of it among the wild Yahoos. smitten with pride.gutenberg. a suborner. a whoremonger. a lord. GULLIVER'S TRAVELS * This file should be named gltrv10. who live under the government of reason. for the sake of my noble master. and the whole Houyhnhnm race. which no man in his wits would boast of. who abound in all excellences that can adorn a rational creature. and therefore I here entreat those who have any tincture of this absurd vice. or the like. a gamester. a pickpocket. that they will not presume to come in my sight. although it be hard for a man late in life to remove old habits. in some time.txt Project Gutenberg eBooks are often created from several printed editions. or tobacco leaves. an attorney. I always keep my nose well stopped with rue. except those whereby they describe the detestable qualities of their Yahoos. and such a vice. all of which are confirmed as Public Domain in the US unless a copyright notice is included. however their intellectuals came to degenerate. who had more experience. I began last week to permit my wife to sit at dinner with Corrected EDITIONS of our eBooks get a new NUMBER. this is all according to the due course of things: but when I behold a lump of deformity and diseases. My reconcilement to the Yahoo kind in general might not be so difficult. for want of thoroughly understanding human nature. an evidence. at the farthest end of a long table. to suffer a neighbour Yahoo in my company. than I should be for not wanting a leg or an arm. which has no terms to express any thing that is evil. have no name for this vice in their language. as it shows itself in other countries where that animal presides. among which they were not able to distinguish this of pride. Footnotes: 666 667 668 669 Project Gutenberg Notes * END OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK. The wise and virtuous Houyhnhnms. the smell of a Yahoo continuing very offensive. his friends. But the Houyhnhnms. But I. a fool. his family. a colonel. 670 671 672 673 SiSU www. a politician. could tally together. Yet. lavender. whom these of ours have the honour to resemble in all their 191 . both in body and mind. a traitor. I am not in the least provoked at the sight of a lawyer. I dwell the longer upon this subject from the desire I have to make the society of an English Yahoo by any means not insupportable. gltrv10a. and to answer (but with the utmost brevity) the few questions I asked her. we usually do not keep eBooks in compliance with any particular paper edition. Thus. without the apprehensions I am yet under of his teeth or his claws. neither shall I be ever able to comprehend how such an animal.txt VERSIONS based on separate sources get new LETTER. although he must be miserable without them. I am not altogether out of hopes. it immediately breaks all the measures of my patience. are no more proud of the good qualities they possess. And.Gulliver's Travels respect. a physician. gltrv11. if they would be content with those vices and follies only which nature has entitled them to.txt or gltrv10.

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