~----"--~'~~-----' ----~

UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION NET BUREAU

Code No. : 14

Subject: PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

SYLLABUS AND SAMPLE QUESTIONS

Note:

There will be two question papers, Paper - II and Paper - III ( Parts - A & B L Paper - II will cover 50 Objective Type Questions ( Multiple choice, Matching type, True / False, Assertion-Reasoning type) carrying 100 marks. Paper - III will have two Parts - A and B ; Paper - III (A) will have 10 Short Essay Type questions ( 300 words) carrying 16 marks each. In it there will be one question With internal choice from each unit ( i.e. 10 questions from 10 units; Total marks, will be 160 ). Paper - III (B) will be compulsory and there will be one question from each of the Electives. The candidate will attempt only one question ( one elective only in 800 words) carrying 40 marks. Total marks of Paper - III will be 200.

PAPER-II

1. Theory of Public Administration

Public Administration - Meaning. Nature and Scope. Public and Private Administration, New Public Administration, New Public Management.

Administrative Thinkers - Kautilya, Woodrow Wilson, Gulick and Urwtck, Max Weber, F. W. Taylor, Henri Fayol, M. P. Follet. Elton Mayo. C.L Barnard, Herbert Simon, D. H. McGregor. Abraham Maslow, Herzberg. Chris Argyrls and Fred Riggs.

Theories - Classtcal, Human Relations, Bureaucratic. Public Choice and Principal Agent relationship.

Approaches to the study of Public Administration -:- Scientific Management. Behavioural Systems, Structural-Functional, Dectsion-making, Public Policy and Marxian.

Organisation - Bases of Organisation, Formal and Informal, Principles of Organisation - Hierarchy. Span of Control, Unity of Command. Delegation. Decentralisation and Coordination ; Line-Staff Agencies.

Leadership. Motivation and Communication.

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2. Comparative Public Administration

Comparative Public Administration - Nature and Scope.

Theories and Models of Comparative Public Administration - Contributions of Fred Riggs. Montgomery and Ferrel Heady.

A comparative Study of the Administration. Institutions and Processes in U.K.. U.S.A.. and India.

Various Control Mechanisms over Administration in U.K. U.S.A. and India. Citizen and Administration _" Machinery for redressal of citizen's grievances in U.K., U.S.A. and India.

3. Development Administration

Development Administration - Meaning, Nature and Scope, Concept of Development Administration ; Development Administration and Traditional Administration .; Characteristics of Administration in Developed and Developing Countries.

Public and Private Sectors and their Administration.

Planning - Projects and Plan Formulation, Plan Implementation and Evaluation.

Bureaucracy and Development Administration - Role of Bureaucracy in Plan Formulation and its Implementation.

Development Administration - Interactions among Bureaucrats. Politicians. Technocrats, Social SCientists. Educationists and Journalists. People's Participation in Development.

International Aid and Technical Assistance programmes - IMF. IBRD.· WTO.

4. Indian Administration

Administrative Legacies at the time of Independence - Civil Servi~es ; District and Revenue Administration.

Organisation of Government at the Central level - Organisation of Secretariat, Ministries and Departments. Cabinet Secretariat, P.M.O.

Organisation of Government at the State level - Secretariat. Role of Chief" Secretary, Organisation of Ministries, Departments and Directorates.

Personnel Administration ~ Classification of Services, Recruitment. Recruitment Agencies - U.P.S.C.and State Public Service Commissions, Training. Promotion, Discipline, Morale, Staff Associations. EmployerEmployee Relations.

Financial Administration - Budget, Enactment of Budget. Finance MiniStry and its-Role. Audit and AccountscCornptroller and Auditor-General. '

Plans -'- Five-Year Plans, Formulation of Plans. Planning Commission, National Development Council. Plan Implementation.

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2

Centre-State Relations - Legislative. Administrative and Financial, Finance. Commission.

Control over Administration - Legislative. Executive and Judicial Control. Transparency. Accountability and Administrative Responsiveness.

District Administration- Organisation of District Administration, Role of District Collector in Development, Local Government - Rural and Urban, Panchayati Raj Institutions and their Role in Development.

Citizen and Administration - Lokpal and Lokayukta.

Delegated Legislation and Administrative Adjudication.

Administrative Reforms in India since Independence.

5. Research Methodology Types of Research

Identification of Problem. and Preparation of Research Design. Research Methods in Social Sciences.

Hypothesis.

Sampl1ng - Various Sampling Procedures.

Tools of Data Collection - Questionnaire. Interview, Content Analysis. Processing of Data.

Measures of Central Tendency --- Mean. Mode and Median. Report WIitlng.

6. . Social and Economic Administration

Meaning, Nature and Scope of Social Welfare and Social Justice. Central Social Welfare.Board and State Social Welfare Boards. Major Social Sectors - Health and Education.

Industrial Policy Resolutions and Growth of Public Sector in India.

Public Sector - Features. Problems of .Management, Accountability and Autonomy.

New EconomiC Policy - Uberalisation, Prtvattsatton and Globalisation.

7. Local Governments - Rural and Urban

_.

Meaning, Nature and Scope of Local Governments

Major Features and Structure of Local Government in U.K.. U.S.A.. France and India '

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments in India

, Functions and Role of Local Governments in India State-Local Relations in India

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3

PAPER - III (A) ( CORE GROUP)

Ulmit·_ I

Public Administration - Meaning, Nature and Scope, Public and Private Admtrustratton, New Public Administration, New Public Management.

Unit - II

Organisation - Bases of Organisation - Formal and Informal. Principles of Organisation, Hierarchy. Span of Control. Unity of Command, Delegation, Decentralisation. Co-ordination and line & Staff Agencies.

Unit -II!

Administrative Thinkers - Kautilya, Woodrow Wilson, Luther Gullick and Lyndall Urwtck, Max Weber, F. W. Taylor. Henry Fayol, M.P. Follet, Elton Mayo. Chester Barnard, Herbert Simon. D.H. McGregor; Abraham Maslow. Frederick Herzberg and Chris Argyrts.

Unit - IV

Theories and Models of Comparative Public Administration - Contributions of Fred Riggs, Montgomery and Ferrel Heady.

A Comparative Study of the Administration, Institutions and Processes in U.K.. U.S.A. and India.

Unit ~V

Development Administration - Meaning, Nature and Scope, Concept of Development Administration, Development Administration and Traditional Administration. Characteristics of Administration in Developed and Developing Countries.

Bureaucracy and Development Administration.

Unit -VI

Indian Administration - Organisation of the Union Government - Central Secretartat. Ministries and Departments. Cabinet Secretariat. P.M.O.

Organisation of the State Government - Secretariat. Role of Chief Secretary. Organisation of Departments and Directorates.

Unit-ViI

Personnel Administration - Classification of Services. Recruttment, Recruitment Agencies - U.P.S.C. and State Public Service Commissions. Training. Promotion. Dtscipline, Morale. Staff Associations. EmployerEmployee Relations.

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4

--~_-----_---_------~-c----

Financial Administration - Budget - Meaning, Preparation and Enactment, Finance Mlnistry and its Role. Audit and Accounts, Comptroller and Auditor-General.

'Unit'~ VII!

Research Methodology - Research Methods in Social Sciences. Types of Research. Sampling, Tools of Data Collection.

Unit -IX

Structure of District Administration, Role of District Collector, Local Government - Rural and Urban: Structure, Functions and Role, Finances; State-Local Relations.

Unit-X

Social and Economic Administration - The Concept of Social Welfare, Social Justices and Social Change.

The Concepts of Liberalisation, Prtvattsatton and Globalisation - The New Economic Policy.

Role of Voluntary and Non-governmental Agencies in Socio-economic Development.

PAPER -III (D)

(, ELECTIVE I OPTIONAL )

Elective - I

Public Policy - Meaning, Types and Significance. Approaches to Public Policy.

Institutional Arrangements for Policy-making.

Policy-making Process, Policy Implementation, Policy Education, Policy Monitoring and Evaluation.

Policy Analysis.

Elective - n

,

Concepts of Social Welfare, Social Justice and Social Change.

Organisational Structure for Social_Justice Administration - Central Social Welfare Board, State Social Welfare Boards, Role of N.G.O.s and Voluntary Organisations, State Departments of Social Welfare and the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Reservation Policy.

Major Social Sectors _._ Health and Education.

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5

Elective - III

Economic Policy in India since Independence. Concept of Mixed Economy.

Industrial Policy Resolutions and Growth of Public Enterprises in India.

Public Enterprises - Features, Problems of Management. Accountability and Antonomy.

Llberaltsatton, Privattsatton and Globalisation. Disinvestment Policy -- The New Economic Policy.

Elective - IV

Local Self-Government - Meaning. Nature and Scope. 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments in India. Organisation and Functions.

Finances.

State and Local Government Relations. Challenges before the Local Self-Government.

Elective -v

Concept of Rural Development. Approaches to Rural Development. Community Development. Area Development. Integrated Rural Development. Centralization and Decentralization, Role of Cooperatives.

Process of Urbanization. Urban Development Infrastructure, Housing. Water Supply, Sewerage. Environment. Transport.

Master Plan. National Capital Region. Development Authorities, Slums.

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6

SAMPLE QUESTIONS

PAPER-II

1. Which of the following statements about the meaning of Public Administration is correct?

(A) It is an individual effort directed towards the realization of a comsctously laid down obJective.

(B) According to Pfetfnerand Presthua, administration is the orgamisatton . and direction of human and material resources to obtain the results

. which may not be clearly defined.

(C) According to JohnA. Vieg, administration is determined, action taken in pursuit of conscious purpose.

(0) Public Administration is not concerned with subject of intellectual .study

, . ~

and inquiiy.

..

2. Which of the following are the common features of comparative .adrritntstraaton and comparative politics as stated by FerrelHeady and Sybil L.Stokes?

I. Comparative youth of their participants

II. Effort to arrive at concepts and theories that are timely universal

. ..

III. Effort to be inter-disciplinary in fnterests and techniques

IV. General commitment to the outlook identified with behaviouralism.

Select the correct answer from the codes g;iven below :

(A) I. II and III

(B) II. III and IV (C) I. II. III and IV (D) I. II and IV.

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7

PAPER - III (A)

1. "The roots of scientific study of Public Administration are traced to the ptoneering contribution made by Woodrow Wilson." Examine.

OR

"The P.M.O. is the centre of all activities of the Government of India." Elal )orate.

2. "The difference between dewelopment· and traditional development adnntnlstratton is generally untenable." Comment.

OR

"Though public bureaucracy has emerged as the career of the policies and pirogrammes of the Governme:nt.it is time to focus attention on its ~ zeaknesses and inadequacies in this regard." Analyse.

PAPER -III (B)

11.. "Centralizing tendencies in Indian federalism are vividly established in the

:t

state-level government relationslhipeven to-day:: Discuss.

OR

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