Micro Versus Macro

Chapter 6-1

Important vocabulary ‡ Aggregate: (Adjective) Forming a total. collected together from different sources considered as a whole .

Microeconomics MICROECONOMIC QUESTION MACROECONOMIC QUESTION Go to business school How many people are or take a job? employed in the economy as a whole? What determines the What determines the salary offered by overall salary levels Citibank to Cherie paid to workers in a Camajo. a new given year? Columbia MBA? .Macroeconomics vs.

services and financial assets between the US and the rest of the world? . Microeconomics MICROECONOMIC QUESTION What determines the cost to a university or college of offering a new course? What government policies should be adopted to make it easier for lowincome students to attend college? What determines whether Citibank opens a new office in Shanghai? MACROECONOMIC QUESTION What determines the overall level of prices in the economy as a whole? What government policies should be adopted to promote full employment and growth in the economy as a whole? What determines the overall trade in goods.Macroeconomics vs.

the school can then decide whether or not to offer the course by weighing the costs and benefits. Microeconomics  Microeconomics focuses on how decisions are made by individuals and firms and the consequences of those decisions. the classroom facilities. Ex. the class materials. . Having determined the cost.: How much it would cost for a university or college to offer a new course the cost of the instructor s salary. and so on.Macroeconomics vs.

Ex. Microeconomics  Macroeconomics examines the aggregate behavior of the economy (i.: Overall level of prices in the economy (how high or how low they are relative to prices last year) rather than the price of a particular good or service. how the actions of all the individuals and firms in the economy interact to produce a particular level of economic performance as a whole).e.Macroeconomics vs. .

.The whole is greater than the sum of its parts ‡ Combined effects of individuals decisions can have unintended effects ± Effects that are different from what any one individual intended.

‡ In Macroeconomics there is a much wider role for Government ± Fiscal Policy ± Monetary policy .Macroeconomic Policy ‡ In Microeconomics Government intervention in the market usually leaves society worse off.

‡ Long-run growth depends on Economic Aggregates .Long-Run Growth ‡ Macro considers the Long-run growth rate ‡ Micro focuses on the amount of output the economy is capable of producing as given.

Economic Aggregates ‡ Aggregate Output: ‡ Aggregate Price Levels: .

the behavior of the whole macroeconomy is.   monetary policy fiscal policy . 2. indeed.Four Principal Ways that Macroeconomics Differs from Microeconomics: 1. greater than the sum of individual actions and market outcomes.In macroeconomics.Macroeconomics is widely viewed as providing a rationale for continual government intervention to manage short-term fluctuations and adverse events in the economy.

services.3. .The theory and policy implementation focus on economic aggregates -economic measures that summarize data across many different markets for goods. and assets. workers.Macroeconomics is the study of longrun growth: What factors lead to a higher long-run growth rate? And are there government policies capable of increasing the long-run growth rate? 4.

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