Every paint is a mixture of microscopic pigment particles, which provide the paint color, mixed in a liquid paint vehicle

that holds the pigment in suspension, allows it to be applied with a brush, then dries to bind it to the support (paper, board or canvas). Raw material
y one or more pigments, and sometimes y binder, traditionally and still commonly said to be gum but, in some brands, actually a synthetic glycol y plasticizer, usually glycerin, to soften the dried gum arabic and help it redissolve y extender or filler, such as dextrin, used to bulk out and thicken the paint without noticeably affecting the color y manufacturing additives, in particulardispersants (to prevent clumping of the raw pigment after manufacture and to speed up the milling of the pigment and vehicle ingredients) and a fungicide or preservative to suppress the growth of mold or bacteria, y water, which dissolves or suspends all the ingredients, carries them onto the paper, and evaporates when its work is done. y Talc of finer grade

Once a paint manufacturer has assembled the necessary raw ingredients. water. but four basic steps remain the same: (1) finishing the pigments by added grinding. (3) milling the premixed paste. y After the filling stage. the methods of mixing paints have remained relatively constant for over a century. (2) premixing the ingredients. y Finally. the mixed paint is poured into tubes or bottles through a vessel with a nozzle. and (4) packaging the paint. talc and any other additives/ preservatives) n the proportions necessary to make a thick paste. . Manufacturing process: y The pigment is first premixed with the vehicle ingredients (gum. turning in opposite directions at different speeds. Today larger machines and manufacturing lines can produce greater quantities of paint. These proportions vary with the pigments used. (In paint manufacture "milling" means mixing pigment and vehicle) Water or other ingredients may be added during the milling to make the paint less thick. y Next the premix is thoroughly milled under metal rollers. the bottles are then capped and sent for labeling and packaging. glycerin.

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