Genetic resources

Bhavapuri Sannalu, a new superfine rice variety released for single-cropped wetlands of Andhra Pradesh, India
B. Krishna Veni, N. Chamundeswari, K. Anny Mrudhula, Ch. Pulla Rao, and B. Vijaya Lakshmi, Rice Research Unit (RRU), Bapatla, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India

Andhra Pradesh is an important rice-growing state in India. With a rice area of about 4 million ha, it produces 13 million t of rice annually. About 80% of the total area under rice is planted to fine and superfine varieties. In recent years, popular variety Samba Mahsuri (BPT5204) has become susceptible to most pests and diseases, particularly brown planthoppers (BPH) and blast (Bhanu et al 2007, Srinivasa Prasad et al 2009). As fine-grain varieties are preferred by farmers and consumers, the RRU at Bapatla began developing a long-duration, fine-grain variety that has resistance to biotic stresses. Samba Mahsuri was crossed with CRMR1523, a BPH-resistant genotype. The population was advanced through the pedigree method to produce BPT2270, which was consequently released as Bhavapuri Sannalu by the State Variety Release Committee of Andhra Pradesh in 2010. This nonlodging, semidwarf (110–120 cm) variety with 160–165-d duration, average yield potential of 6.0–6.5 t ha–1, high tillering capacity, strong culms, and ability to withstand submergence up to 1 wk has been recommended for cultivation in single-cropped wetlands of the state. Bhavapuri Sannalu has medium slender grains with excellent cooking quality (Table 1). Milling (71.6%) and head rice recovery (58.4%) are higher than those of Samba Mahsuri, and it fetches a higher price for farmers. Amylose content (24.3%) and alkali spreading value (5.0) (indicators of texture and firmness of cooked rice, respectively) are within the intermediate range, quality traits that most consumers prefer. This variety had a 54.8% yield advantage on average over the check Samba Mahsuri in station trials conducted during the 2002-04 kharif (Table 2). In multilocation trials, Bhavapuri Sannalu showed a yield superiority of 37.9% over Samba Mahsuri. In farmers’ fields, it recorded an increase of 20.8% and 15.1% over the same variety in adaptive and minikit trials, respectively. Bhavapuri Sannalu showed moderate resistance to leaf blast and BPH and is expected to be popular in single-cropped wetlands of Andhra Pradesh because of its superior grain type, high yield potential, and good grain quality.
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International Rice Research Notes (0117-4185)

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Genetic resources

Table 1. Grain quality characteristics of Bhavapuri Sannalu in comparison with Samba Mahsuri.
Grain quality character Hulling (%) Milling (%) Head rice recovery (%) Kernel length (mm) Kernel breadth (mm) Length/breadth Grain type Grain chalkiness Volume expansion ratio Water uptake Kernel length after cooking (mm) Elongation ratio Alkali spreading value Amylose content (%) Gel consistency (mm) Aroma Bhavapuri Sannalu 81.9 71.6 58.4 5.12 1.73 2.95 Medium slender Very occasionally present 5.6 205 8.8 1.71 5.0 24.3 43 Absent Samba Mahsuri 80.6 70.4 56.2 5.14 1.85 2.77 Medium slender Very occasionally present 4.2 240 9.0 1.87 4.0 24.5 42.0 Absent

Table 2. Yield performance of Bhavapuri Sannalu in different yield trials.
Years Trial Grain yield (t ha-1) Bhavapuri Samba Sannalu Mahsuri 6.2 4.0 5.2 3.8 6.4 5.3 6.1 5.3 Increase over check (%) 54.8 37.9 20.8 15.1

2002-04 2004 2005-08 2005-08

Station trials Multilocation trials (slender grain) On-farm trials in farmers’ fields Minikit trials in farmers’ fields

     

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International Rice Research Notes (0117-4185)

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Genetic resources

Field view of BPT 2270 

 

  BPT 2270
       

         
Single plant of BPT 2270

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International Rice Research Notes (0117-4185)

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Genetic resources

References cited
Bhanu VK, Mallikarjuna Rao N, Satyanarayana Reddy P. 2007. Evaluation of integrated pest management modules against planthoppers and stem borers in rice. Green Farming 1(3):17-19. Srinivasa Prasad M, Aruna Kanthi B, Balachandran SM, Seshumadhav M, Madan Mohan K, Viraktamath BC. 2009. Molecular mapping of rice blast resistance gene Pi-1(t) in the elite indica variety Samba Mahsuri. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 25(10):1765-1769.

 

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International Rice Research Notes (0117-4185)

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