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Getting to Grips With FANS

Getting to Grips With FANS

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Published by Roberta Astengo

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Published by: Roberta Astengo on Jan 17, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Transfer from one data authority to the next one is usually done automatically and

remains totally transparent to the crew.

The following explanations are nevertheless given for a better understanding of the failure
cases and their associated procedures.
The aim of the address forwarding is to forward the address of the next ATC to the aircraft

Automated procedures for an automatic transfer

The following sequence of message exchange should be initiated by the first ATC around
30 minutes prior to the estimated time at the FIR boundary.The crew is unaware of this

qThe first ATC sends an AFN Contact Advisory message to the a/c

qThe aircraft acknowledges this message and sends an AFN contact message to the

next ATC

qThis second ATC acknowledges the demand through an FN_ ACK message

qThe aircraft sends an AFN Complete (FN_COMP) message to the first ATC, to inform

it of the completion of the AFN



Abnormal cases

Whenever the previous exchanges are not successful, a manual connection is to be
done.The controller of the first ATC will ask the crew to manually send an AFN logon to
the next ATC.
The following phraseology is recommended:

qController:”Contact (ATCXXXX).Frequency YYYYY.Select ATC com off then logon to


qPilot:“WILCO.Select ATC com off, then logon to ATCXXXX”.

If CPDLC is used, the sentence (Select ATC com off.Logon to ATCXXXX) will be sent
through free text.

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