QTP

Prepared ByAshish Kumar Srivastava

What is Automation-

Test Automation is the use of software to control the execution of tests & the comparison of results- actual with the predicted/expected. A software program that is used to test another software program, this is referred to as Automated software testing. A third party tool is used to test the application. Use of automation tools reduces the test time as well as the cost.

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Why Automation-

. Avoid the errors that human make when they get tired

after multiple repetitions. . The test program wont skip any test by mistakes. . Each feature test cycle will take less time & Required less human intervention. . Required for Easy cycle of Regression Testing.

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Benefits of Test Automation-

. Allows more testing to be done
. Strengthen Test Cycle . Testing is Consistent, repeatable . Useful when new patches released . Makes configuration testing easier . Test battery can be continuously improved

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False Benefits-

. Fewer tests will be needed
. It will be easier if it is automated . Compensate for poor design . No more Manual Testing

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What are the different tools available in the market (for functional testing). Rational Robot . Win Runner . QTP . Silk Test . QA Run . Web FT

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Life Cycle Of AutomationAnalyze the Application Select The Tool Identify the session Design/ Record Test Scripts Run the test scripts Finding & Reporting the defects
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What is the diff. between WR & QTP-

QTP Developed by MI Now HP Functionality testing on windows & web based applications It Supports .NET Technology Scripting language is VB-Script Active Screen Available in QTP QTP has data table to store script values QTP supports Multimedia, Main Frames, XML, J2EE It supports ERP such as SAP, Siebel 7.0, people Soft 8.8 Developed by MI

Win Runner 7.0

Functionality testing on windows based application Does not support .NET Technology Scripting language is TSL Not Available Not available It won’t support But WR supports Siebel 6.0, people soft 6.0

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Introduction to QTP -

. Developed by Mercury interactive But Now by HP
. Developed for web functionality .QTP supports both web applications & windows applications . QTP Developed in 2002 . Test Script developed on VB Script . QTP supports Languages is
.NET. J2EE, Main Frame, XML,Java
ERP -> SAP, Seibel, People soft

. QTP Supports both Technical & Non Technical People . QTP run on only windows platform not supporting UNIX, Linux etc

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Versions of QTP -

QTP

5.5 5.6 6.0 6.5 8.0 9.0 9.2

2002 Industry started from this version

Rapidly working on(8.0,,9.0) Current Version

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Environment needs for QTP System Requirement Hardware Drive RAM OS pack : IBM-PC (or) Equivalent to P3 : 250MB of Free Memory space : 256MB of RAM : M/S windows 2000 server with 3-4 service M/S windows XP with 1-2 SP M/S windows 2003 with no service pack Web Browser : MS Internet Explorer 5.5 Netscape Navigator 6.11, 6.22, 6.23, 7.02, 7.1 AOL 8.0, 9.0
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Overview of QTP                         

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Testing Process of QTP Windows Structure of QTP Add Ins of QTP Architecture of QTP Execution process in QTP Development of Automation Test Recording Modes in QTP Object Repository Object Spy Transaction Virtual Object Check Points Actions Exception Handling Object identification Ordinal Identifier Smart Identification Output Values Synchronization point QTP Run Modes Regular Expressions Descriptive Programming Environment Variables VB-Script Hoe to work with Functions Ashish Associated Library Kumar Srivastava

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Testing Process of QTP 1) Record & Run Settings 2) Develop Automation Testing 3) Enhance/ Customize Automation test 4) Debug Automation Test 5) Execute Automation Test 6) Analyze Test Results 7) Report defects in bug tracking tool

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Window Structure of QTP 1) Test Pane 2) Active Screen 3) Data Table 4) Debug Viewer

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Add Ins of QTP It gives information about the technology supported by the QTP
By default three Add Ins are there in QTP 1) ActiveX 2) VB 3) Web Additional Add ins: 1) Java 2) Oracle 3) People soft 4) .NET 5) Terminal Emulator 6) SAP 7) Siebel

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Add In Manager

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Architecture Of QTP -

1) 2)

Execution Process in QTP Development of Automation Test
1) Recording 2) Writing 3) Function Generator

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Recording Modes of QTP -

There are three recording modes in QTP 1)Normal Recording Mode 2) Analog Recording Mode 3) Low Level Recording Mode

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Record a Test

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Record & Run Settings-

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Run a Test and Save Results-

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View Test Results-

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Object RepositoryObject Repository is nothing but a storage location. It contains the collection logical name and physical description of a particular object. Logical Name: For Naming Convention Physical Description : is Nothing but expected physical properties Two types of Object Repositories are available in QTP1) Per Action (.mtr) 2) Shared Object Repository (.tsr)

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Open the Object Repository Dialog Box-

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Object SpyObject spy is used to display or view all the physical properties and methods of an object or a window based on the requirement. Example: If window(“Login”). Exists Then Msgbox(“Pass”) else Msgbox(“Fail”) End If

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Virtual ObjectVirtual Object is used to identify the properties of similar objects in a particular Area. Example: In normal recording if we select the paint brush window, the script will look like thiswindow(“Paint”).Activate Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Click 72,16 Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Click 80,14 window(“Paint”).Close

If we are using Virtual object, the script will look like thiswindow(“Paint”).Activate Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Virtual Button(“RED”) Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Virtual Button(“BLUE”) window(“Paint”).Close

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Check PointsCheck Point is a verification point that compares the current value of the specified property with the expected value for that property. There are 9 types of check points are available in QTP. They are1) Standard Check Point 2) Text/ Text Area Check Point 3) Bitmap Check point 4) Database Check Point 5) Table Check Point 6) Page Check Point 7) XML Check Point 8) Image Check Point 9) Accessibility Check Point

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Checkpoint Types

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Inserting a Checkpoint During Recording-

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Insert a Checkpoint After Recording-

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Identifying a Failed Checkpoint-

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ActionsAction is nothing but a logical portion to entire script file based on the requirement. Each and every action should have meaningful result. Types of Actions: 1) Regular (By default) 2) Reusable 3) External How to work with Actions: 1) Call to copy of Action 2) Call to Existing Action

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Data Driven TestTesting the same application with multiple sets of data. How to use parameterization: Ex: Before parameterization
Dialog(“Login”).Activate Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“name”).Set ”Axis” Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“Password).SetSecure”axisitt” Dialog”Login”.Close

After Parameterization
Dialog(“Login”).Activate Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“Login name”).Set DataTable(”name”, dtglobalsheet) Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“Password). (”password”, dtglobalsheet) Dialog”Login”.Close

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Using Data Sheet (Global, Local & Location)-

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Setting the Parameter Value-

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Test Results Iterations-

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Exception HandlingIt enables Quick test to detect and handle when unexpected error occurred during execution time. Types of Exception Handling: 1) Popup Exception Handling 2) Object State Exception Handling 3) Test Run Exception Handling 4) Application Crash

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Object IdentificationBy using object identification we can map “customer user defined object” to “standard Class”. Two types of properties are their in object Identification: 1) Mandatory Properties 2) Assistive properties

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Ordinal IdentifierBy using ordinal identifier options quick test able to identify an object under ordinal identifier. Three Components are available in ordinal identifier 1) Index 2) Location 3) Creation time

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Smart IdentificationQuick test unable to identify the object, it is change randomly. To identify such object we need to use Smart Identification. Two properties are available in Smart identification They are1) Base Filter Properties 2) Optional Filter Properties

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Synchronization PointSynchronization point maintains the time coordination between testing process and your application process. There are 4 types of synchronization points: 1) Sync 2) Wait, wait(5) or wait 5 3) Wait Property 4) Exist

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QTP Test Run ModesIn QTP, we have 2 types of run modes1) Normal 2) Fast

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Regular ExpressionsIt enables quick test to identify test string with varying value (varying means changing) Regular Expressions can be used in the following areas:
1) Check Points 2) In parameterization 3) Data Driven test 4) Actions 5) Exception Handling….etc

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Using a Regular Expression-

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Some Regular ExpressionsExpression Period Asterisk Plus Brackets Char . * + [A-Z][a-z] [0-9] \w \W Digit \d \d{4} Description Matches any single character Matches zero to any number of occurrences of the preceding character Matches one to any number of occurrences of the preceding character Matches a range of characters Matches a range of numbers Matches any alphanumeric character including underscore Matches any non-alphanumeric character Matches any digit Matches exactly four digits

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Descriptive ProgrammingWithout using the object repository test engineer can develop automation test in this particular accept, we need to use a technique called as descriptive programming. Script:
Dialog(“test:=Login”).Activate Dialog(“text;=Login”).wineidt(“attached text:= Login name”). Set “Axisitt” Dialog(“text:=Login”).wineidt(“attached text:= Password”). Set “88888” . Dialog(“text:=Login”).Close

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How to work with Environmental variables-

It is a special type of variable which is use to expose the
data related to environment.
Environment Variables

Built In

user defined

Internal

External

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VB Script Associated library How to work with methods How to work with functions Back End testing How to work with Win Runner How to connect Quality center
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Comments & QueriesQueries are always welcome.

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Feedback-

-Please spend few minutes from your
valuable time to provide your feedback. -It will help us to improve in next sessions.

Thanks & Happy Testing..

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