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Fleeing from Allaah unto Him
Transcribed from "Ar-Risalat ut-Tabukiyyah" (The Message from Tabuk) of Imam Ibn ul-Qayyim
“From” and “To” The heart’s hijrah requires migrating “from” one state “to” another. A person migrates with his heart: From loving other than Allaah to loving Him; From offering servitude to other than Allaah to offering it to Him; From fearing other than Allaah to fearing Him; From having hope in other than Allaah to having hope in Him; From relying on other than Allaah to relying on Him; From asking and deploring other than Allaah to asking and deploring Him; From surrendering and submitting to other than Allaah to surrendering and submitting to Him. This is precisely the meaning of “fleeing unto Allaah”, as Allaah
ﱠ َِ ِ ﱡ وا إِ َ ﷲ
…Flee then unto Allaah… [Ad-Dhariyat, 50] And indeed, the Tawheed required from a person is to flee from Allaah unto Him! Under this heading of “from” and “to” falls a great reality of Tawheed.
Fleeing unto Allaah Fleeing unto Allaah و includes turning to Him alone for appeal, worship, and all that proceeds from it, such as love, fear, surrender, and reliance. Thus, it includes the Tawheed of Ilahiyyah, which is the common subject among the Messengers’ message (may Allaah bestow His peace upon them all).
Fleeing from Allaah On the other hand, fleeing from Allaah (unto Him) includes the Tawheed of Ruboobiyyah and affirmation of Qadar. It professes that whatever one hates or fears or evades in the creation only takes place by Allaah’s will. Indeed, whatever Allaah و Wills surely happens, and its existence becomes mandatory by virtue of Allaah’s will. And whatever Allaah does not Will, never happens and is impossible to exist. Thus when one flees unto Allaah, one would actually be fleeing (unto Him) from a thing that occurred by His will and decree. In other words, one would be fleeing from Allaah unto Him! One who properly understands this would then understand the meaning of the Prophet’s و ﷲ words: “I seek refuge from You in You” 1 One would then also understand the Prophet’s و ﷲ saying:
“…There is no shelter or escape from You except to You…” 2 There is nothing in the creation from which one would flee or seek protection و . Therefore, one would flee but is created and originated by Allaah from what is mandated by Allaah’s decree, will, and creation; and one would flee to what is mandated by Allaah’s mercy, goodness, kindness, and bounty. Hence, one flees from Allaah unto Him, and seeks refuge in Him from Him!
Footnotes: 1. This is part of a hadeeth recorded by Muslim from ‘Aa’ishah ﷲ رwho said that one night she missed Allaah’s Messenger و ﷲ . After some search, she found him in the Masjid (which was adjacent to her apartment). In the darkness, her hand hit the soles of his feet that were erected (in sujood). He was saying: “O Allaah! I seek protection from Your wrath in Your acceptance, and from Your punishment in Your pardon, and from You in You! I cannot offer You the praise that you deserve, so I only praise You as You praise Yourself.” 2. This is a part of a hadeeth recorded by al-Bukhāri and Muslim from al-Barā’ Bin ‘Aazib ﷲ رthat the Messenger و ﷲ instructed a man to say when going to bed: “O Allaah! I submit myself to You, turn my face unto You, support my back unto You, and rely in my affairs on You, hoping in You and fearing You; there is no shelter or escape from You except to You! I believe in the Book that You have revealed and in the Messenger You have sent.” He و nature).” ﷲ added: “If one dies (after saying this), he dies upon the fitrah (pure