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Let us begin with “being.” Not only is the word to be an essential Latin word with a high frequency, but it is also a necessary element of understanding some of the verb forms that we will be studying later. Leaving aside for now all grammatical terminology, simply remember the following equivalencies in the following table.
To say: I am you are he/she/it is
Latin says: sum es est
To say: I was you were he/she/ it was
Latin says: eram eras erat
To say: I was you were
Latin says: fui fuisti
To say: I will be you will be
Latin says: ero eris erit
he/she/it was fuit
he/she/it will be
we are you (pl.) they are
sumus estis sunt
we will be
you (pl.) were eratis they were erant
you (pl.) were fuistis they were fuerunt
you (pl.) will be eritis they will be erunt
This is specific point in time!! Also, “have/has been”
“Shall” is also an accepted translation for the future tense.
The first column represents the present tense of sum, esse, fui, futurus, the second column the imperfect tense, the third column the perfect tense, and the fourth column the simple future tense.
To say: I had been you had been he/she/it has been
Latin says: fueram fueras fuerat
To say: I will/shall have been you will/shall have been he/she/it will have been
Latin says: fuero fueris fuerit
we have been you (pl.) have been they have been
fueramus fueratis fuerant
we will have been you (pl.) will have been they will have been
fuerimus fueritis fuerint
The first column represents the pluperfect tense of sum, esse, fui, futurus, the second column is the future perfect tense.